Today in History - July 29

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International Tiger Day. It was founded at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010.
    (
http://tigerday.org/what-is-international-tiger-day/ )

1030        Jul 29, King Olaf the Second, the patron saint of Norway, was killed in the Battle of Stiklestad. Olaf Haraldsson was born a pagan and lived as a warrior for most of his years going on to become the patron saint of Norway. The son of Harald I, Olaf's early career was spent outside Norway fighting the Danes and English among others.
    (HNQ, 11/30/00)(AP, 7/29/01)

1565        Jul 29, Mary Queen of Scots married her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.21)(MC, 7/29/02)

1579        Jul 29, Spain's King Philip II arrested plotters Antonio Perez and Princess of Eboli.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1588        Jul 29, At midnight of July 28th the English set eight fireships (filled with pitch, gunpowder, and tar) alight and sent them downwind among the closely-anchored Spanish vessels. The English attacked the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines, resulting in an English victory.
    (ON, 3/02, p.3)(http://wapedia.mobi/en/Spanish_Armada#1.1.)(AP, 7/29/08)

1602        Jul 29, The Duke of Biron was executed in Paris for conspiring with Spain and Savoy against King Henry IV of France.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1603        Jul 29, Bartholomew Gilbert was killed in the colony of Virginia by Indians, during a search for the missing Roanoke colonists.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1676        Jul 29, Nathaniel Bacon was declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians. [see May 10, Sep 1]
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1693        Jul 29, The Army of the Grand Alliance was destroyed by the French at the Battle of Neerwinden in the Netherlands.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1794        Jul 29, Seventy of Robespierre's followers were guillotined.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1800        Jul 29, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Andre Rigaud, defeated by Gen. Dessalines, set sail for France.
    (ON, 2/10, p.9)

1805        Jul 29, Alexis de Tocqueville (d.1859), French historian who wrote "Democracy in America, was born. "America is a land of wonders, in which everything is in constant motion and every change seems an improvement."
    (HN, 7/29/98)(AP, 1/20/01)

1830        Jul 29, Liberals led by the Marquis of Lafayette seized Paris in opposition to the king's restrictions on citizens' rights.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1833        Jul 29, William Wilberforce (b.1759), English abolitionist, died. He was best known for his efforts relating to the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. A politician and philanthropist, Wilberforce was prominent from 1787 in the struggle to abolish the slave trade and slavery itself in British overseas possessions. He was an ardent and eloquent sponsor of anti-slavery legislation in the House of Commons until his retirement in 1825. Wilberforce University in Ohio, an African Methodist Episcopal Church institution (f.1856), was named for William Wilberforce. In 2008 William Hague authored “William Wilberforce: The Life of the Great Anti-Slave Trade Campaigner." In 2010 Stephen Tomkins authored “The Clapham Sect: How Wilberforce’s Circle Transformed Britain."
    (www.nndb.com/people/824/000049677/)(WSJ, 7/25/08, p.A13)(Econ, 8/28/10, p.74)

1844        Jul 29, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart (53), composer, died.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1848        Jul 29, An Irish rebellion against British rule was put down in a cabbage patch in Tipperary, Ireland. Irish Nationalists under William Smith O'Brien were overcome and arrested.
    (HN, 7/29/98)(MC, 7/29/02)

1853        Jul 29, Pope Pius IX established the archdiocese of San Francisco, Ca.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A22)

1856        Jul 29, Robert Schumann (46), German composer, died. He had starved himself to death in a madhouse. The 1947 film "Song of Love" was based on the Robert and Clara Schuman. In 2000 J.D. Landis authored "Longing" a novel based on the love affair between Robert Schuman and Clara Wieck.
    (BLW, 1963 ed. p.49)(WSJ, 9/22/00, p.W12)

1858        Jul 29, Japan signed a treaty of commerce and friendship with the United States.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(HN, 7/29/98)

1862        Jul 29, At Moore’s Mill in Missouri, the Confederates were routed by Union guerrillas.
    (HN, 7/29/98)
1862        Jul 29, Confederate spy Belle Boyd (1844-1900) was arrested and confined at Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC.
    (AH, 6/03, p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belle_Boyd)

1864        Jul 29, During the Civil War, Union forces tried to take Petersburg, Va., by exploding a mine under Confederate defense lines. The attack failed. [see Jul 30]
    (AP, 7/30/97)
1864        Jul 29, 3rd and last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia.
    (MC, 7/29/02)
1864        Jul 29, Battle of Macon, GA (Stoneman's Raid).
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1866        Jul 29, Barbe-Nicole Clicquot (b.1777), head of the Clicquot champagne business, died. She was widowed at age 27 and transformed her husbands struggling business into one of the great champagne houses of France. In 2008 Tilar J. Mazzeo authored “The Widow Clicquot."
    (WSJ, 11/5/08, p.A21)(http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbe-Nicole_Clicquot-Ponsardin)

1869        Jul 29, Booth Tarkington (d.1946), US dramatist and novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons), was born. "Mystics always hope that science will some day overtake them."
    (AP, 1/31/00)(MC, 7/29/02)

1871        Jul 29, [Gregory Efimovich] Rasputin, mad Russian monk, seer, was born.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1875        Jul 29, Peasants in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Balkans rebelled against the Ottoman army.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1877        Jul 29, Charles William Beebe, naturalist who explored the ocean depths in a bathysphere, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1878        Jul 29, Don Marquis (d.1937), American dramatist, journalist, novelist and poet, was born. "The trouble with the public is that there is too much of it."
    (AP, 7/31/99)(HN, 7/29/01)

1883        Jul 29, Benito Mussolini, dictator of Fascist Italy (1922-1943), was born.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1887        Jul 29, Sigmund Romberg, composer, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)

1890        Jul 29, Artist Vincent van Gogh died 2 days following a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Auvers-sur-Oise, France, while painting "Wheatfield with Crows." He spent his last 70 days in the care of Dr. Gachet and 78 paintings have been attributed to this period. Earlier in the year he painted his "Garden at Auvers." In 2009 his letters were published in a 6-volume edition titled: Vincent Van Gogh: The Letters." Earlier editions had appeared in 1914 and 1958. In 2011 Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith authored “Van Gogh: The Life."
    (WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-12)(SFC, 5/26/96, Z1 p.2)(WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A20)(AP, 7/29/07)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.95)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.102)

1900        Jul 29, Owen Lattimore, writer, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)
1900        Jul 29, Italian King Humbert I (b.1844) was assassinated by Gaetano Bresci, an Italian-born anarchist who had resided in America before returning to Italy to murder the king. The murder was believed to be due to the king’s decision to fire cannon rounds into a crowd of starving peasants and workers that had assembled asking the king for assistance; 100s were killed; Bresci was arrested, found guilty, and sentenced to a life of hard labor at Santo Stefano Prison on Ventotene Island. Humbert was succeeded by his son, Victor Emmanuel III.
    (AP, 7/29/00)(WSJ, 1/28/07, p.P10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umberto_I_of_Italy)

1905        Jul 29, US Secretary of War William Howard Taft, under the approval of Pres. Theodore Roosevelt, and PM of Japan Katsura Taro signed the Taft-Katsura Agreement, which reinforced American and Japanese influence and spelled doom for Korean sovereignty. Japan agreed not to interfere in the ongoing US rape of the Philippines in return for the US agreement not to interfere with Japan’s forthcoming rape of Korea.
    (AH, 10/07, p.56)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taft-Katsura_Agreement)
1905        Jul 29, Dag Hammerarskjold, Nobel Peace Prize (1961) winning secretary-general of the United Nations (1953-1961), was born in Sweden.
    (HN, 7/29/98)
1905        Jul 29, Stanley Kunitz, poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)

1909        Jul 29, Chester Himes, author (Cotton Comes to Harlem, If He Hollers, Let Him Go), was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)

1920        Jul 29, Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrendered.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1914        Jul 29, Transcontinental telephone service began with the first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco.
    (AP, 7/29/97)

1918        Jul 29, Edwin Greene O'Connor, author (The Last Hurrah), was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)
1918        Jul 29, Mary Lee Settle, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)

1921        Jul 29, Adolf Hitler became the president of the Nationalist Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis).
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1923        Jul 29, Albert Einstein spoke on pacifism in Berlin.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1925        Jul 29, Mikos Michael George Theodorakis, composer (Raven), was born in Chios, Greece.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1927        Jul 29, Bellevue Hospital in NY installed the 1st iron lung.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1930        Jul 29, Paul Taylor, choreographer and dancer, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)
1930        Jul 29, The US Coast Guard towed the Canadian rum-runner Ray Roberts into SF with a cargo of 1,050 cases of whiskey.
    (SFC, 7/29/05, p.F7)

1935        Jul 29, Peter Schreier, tenor (Dresden State Opera 1961), was born in Meissen, Germany.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1936        Jul 29, RCA showed the 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show and monologue from Tobacco Road and comedy). [see Nov 6]
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1937        Jul 29, Japanese troops occupied Peking and Tientsin. [see Aug 8]
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1941        Jul 29, David Warner, actor (Star Trek VI, Time Bandits), was born in Manchester, NH.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1944        Jul 29, Allied air force bombed Germany for 6 hours.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1945        Jul 29, After delivering parts of the first atomic bomb to the island of Tinian, the U.S.S. Indianapolis was hit and sunk by the I-58 Japanese submarine around midnight. Some 879 survivors jumped into the sea and were adrift for 4 days. Nearly 600 died before help arrived. In 1958 Richard F. Newcomb authored "Abandon Ship," the story of the Indianapolis and the subsequent court-martial of Capt. Charles Butler McVey III. [see Jul 30] Charles B. McVay III was exonerated in 2001.
    (HN, 7/29/98)(SFEC, 8/20/00, Par p.4)(SFC, 7/14/01, p.A9)

1948        Jul 29, Britain's King George VI opened the first Olympics since 1936 in London. Germany and Japan were not invited and the Soviet Union chose not to attend. Alice Coachman of the US was the first black woman to win a gold medal when she triumphed in the high jump. Audrey "Mickey" Patterson-Tyler (1927-1996) was the first black woman to win an Olympic medal. She won a bronze medal in the 200-meter dash.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1948)(WSJ, 6/7/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/25/96, p.B5)(AP, 7/29/97)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)

1949        Jul 29, Airlift in West-Germany to West-Berlin ended. [see Sep 30]
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1953        Jul 29, Ken Burns, epic documentary maker (Civil War, Baseball), was born.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1956        Jul 29, Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchored in at a record 7,500 m under water.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1957        Jul 29, The International Atomic Energy Agency was established.
    (AP, 7/29/97)

1957        Jul 29, Jack Paar made his debut as host of NBC's late-night TV show "Tonight" and stayed on till 1962.
    (WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)(SFC, 5/7/97, p.E1)(AP, 7/29/97)

1958        Jul 29, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which created NASA.
    (AP, 7/29/97)

1965        Jul 29, Beatles movie "Help" premiered and Queen Elizabeth attended.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1966        Jul 29, Bob Dylan was hurt in motorcycle accident near Woodstock, NY.
    (MC, 7/29/02)
1966        Jul 29, Edward Gordon Craig (b.1872), the son of English actress Ellen Terry, died. He had authored the controversial manifesto “On the Art of the Theater" (1911) and envisioned that the future of theater lay in lights, sounds, shadows and screens.
    (Econ, 8/30/08, p.80)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Gordon_Craig)
1966        Jul 29, In Nigeria northern troops led by Major Theophilus Danjuma and Captain Martin Adamu led a military coup that ended civilian rule.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/15/03, p.A14)(AFP, 8/29/10)(AFP, 11/26/11)

1967        Jul 29, Fire swept the USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin, off the coast of Vietnam, killing 134 servicemen with $100 million in damage. One survivor was Navy Lt. Cmdr. John McCain, who later became a US senator.
    (AP, 7/29/07)

1968        Jul 29, Pope Paul VI issued the encyclical Humanae Vitae, which reaffirmed the Church’s opposition to abortion and to all contraception except the rhythm method.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(AP, 7/29/98)(SSFC, 7/8/01, p.A4)

1970        Jul 29, Six days of race rioting began in Hartford, Ct.
    (www.fsmitha.com/time1970.htm)
1970        Jul 29, John G.B. Barbirolli (b.1899), English conductor, composer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Barbirolli)
1970        Jul 29, Jonel Perlea (69), Romania-born composer, died in NY. In 1957 he became the principal conductor of the Connecticut Symphony and continued there for ten years.
    (http://soundfountain.org/rem/remperlea.html)

1973        Jul 29, A Greek plebiscite was held by the ruling dictatorial regime under Georgios Papadopoulos and resulted in the abolition of monarchy and the establishment of a Republic.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_plebiscite,_1973)

1974        Jul 29, The Episcopal Church ordained female priests in Philadelphia.
    (www.episcopalchurch.org/41685_42321_ENG_HTM.htm)
1974        Jul 29, The House Judiciary Committee approved Article 2 in the impeachment against Pres. Nixon.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/impeachments/nixon.htm)
1974        Jul 29, Cass Elliot (b.1941), singer (Mamas and Papas), was found dead in London from an apparent heart attack.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cass_Elliot)

1975        Jul 29, President Ford became the first U.S. president to visit the site of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland as he paid tribute to the camp's victims.
    (AP, 7/29/97)

1980        Jul 29, A state funeral was held in Cairo, Egypt, for the deposed Shah of Iran, who had died two days earlier at age 60.
    (AP, 7/29/00)

1981        Jul 29, Robert Moses (b.1888), "master builder" of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, and other suburbs, died. Moses shaped NYC from the 1930s to the 1960s using urban renewal projects to replace many lively neighborhoods that became barren and dangerous housing projects. In 1974 Robert Caro authored “The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York," a biography of Robert Moses.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Moses)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.33)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.88)
1981        Jul 29, Britain's Prince Charles married Lady Diana Spencer at St. Paul's Cathedral in London. They were divorced in 1996.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1981)(AP, 7/29/99)

1982        Jul 29, It was announced that the painting "Gallery of the Louvre" by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) had sold for $3,250,000.
    (www.cedmagic.com/home/ced-digest/ced-digest-vol-07/ced-digest0730.html)

1983        Jul 29, David Niven (b.1910), actor, died in Switzerland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Niven)

1985        Jul 29, The space shuttle Challenger began an eight-day mission that got off to a shaky start. The spacecraft achieved a safe orbit even though one of its main engines shut down prematurely after lift-off.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

1986        Jul 29, A federal jury in New York found that the National Football League had committed an antitrust violation against the rival United States Football League. But in a hollow victory for the USFL, the jury ordered the NFL to pay token damages of only $3.
    (AP, 7/29/06)

1987        Jul 29, Testifying for a second day before the Iran-Contra congressional committees, Attorney General Edwin Meese strongly defended his inquiry into the affair.
    (AP, 7/29/97)

1988        Jul 29, FDIC bailed out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lubu9)
1988        Jul 29, NASA officials delayed a critical test-firing of the space shuttle Discovery's main engines another three days. The test on Aug. 10 was judged a success.
    (AP, 7/29/98)

1989        Jul 29, Ji Yun Lee (20) died in a fire at a church camp near East Stroudsburg, Pa. Her father Han Tak Lee (54), a South Korean-born operator of a clothing store in NYC, was arrested for arson. He was convicted of murder on Sep 17, 1990. In 2006 Lee’s attorneys appealed to the state Supreme Court citing new advances in arson investigations.
    (SSFC, 12/10/06, p.A39)
1989        Jul 29, Poland's newly elected president, Wojciech Jaruzelski, resigned as Communist Party general secretary and was succeeded by Mieczyslaw Rakowski (1927-2008). Rakowski, a historian and journalist, remained chairman of the communist Polish United Workers' Party until the party was dissolved at its January 1990 congress during the country's bloodless transition to democracy.
    (AP, 7/29/99)(AP, 11/8/08)

1990        Jul 29, Bruno Kreisky, Austria’s longest-serving chancellor and an architect of its policy of neutrality, died at age 79.
    (AP, 7/29/00)

1991        Jul 29, President Bush arrived in Moscow for a superpower summit with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev that included the signing of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
    (AP, 7/29/01)

1992        Jul 29,    The U.S. 400-meter freestyle relay team won the gold medal at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.
    (AP, 7/29/97)
1992        Jul 29, Former East German leader Erich Honecker was arrested on his return to his homeland and charged with manslaughter; he was later permitted to leave after he was diagnosed with terminal cancer.
    (AP, 7/29/97)
1992        Jul 29, Newsday published reports of death camps for Muslims and Croats run by the Serbian Army in northern Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)   

1993        Jul 29, The Israeli Supreme Court acquitted retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk of being Nazi death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible," and threw out his death sentence. Demjanjuk was set free. Soviet archives opened after 1991 seemed to prove that he was not Ivan the Terrible.
    (AP, 7/29/98)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.98)

1994        Jul 29, US Supreme Court nominee Stephen G. Breyer won Senate approval.
    (AP, 7/29/99)
1994        Jul 29, Abortion opponent Paul Hill (40) shot and killed Dr. John Bayard Britton (69) and Britton's bodyguard, James H. Barrett, outside the Ladies Center clinic in Pensacola, Fla. Hill was later convicted and sentenced to death. Hill was executed Sep 3, 2003.
    (AP, 7/29/99)(SFC, 9/2/03, p.A7)
1994        Jul 29, Jesse Timmendequas, a convicted child molester, raped and strangled 7-year-old Megan Kanka in New Jersey. The case spawned the 1996 “Megan’s Law," the requirement that communities be informed of paroled sex offenders living in their midst. A jury ordered the death penalty for Timmendequas in 1997. He remained on New Jersey's Death Row until December 17, 2007, when the New Jersey Legislature abolished the state's death penalty. Timmendequas' sentence was then commuted to life in prison without parole.
     (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Timmendequas)

1995        Jul 29, President Clinton and Republicans marked the 30th anniversary of Medicare by accusing one another of putting the program’s future at risk.
    (AP, 7/29/00)

1996        Jul 29, At the Atlanta Olympics, Carl Lewis won the gold medal in the long jump, becoming only the fifth Olympian to win gold medals in four straight games. Michael Johnson won the 400-meter dash, Allen Johnson the 110-meter hurdles.
    (AP, 7/29/97)
1996        Jul 29, China held a nuclear test explosion that it promised would be its last, just hours before international negotiators in Geneva began discussing a global ban on such testing. Beijing said it would seek some changes in the global test-ban treaty currently being fashioned by negotiators.
    (WSJ, 7/30/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/29/97)
1996        Jul 29, In Kashmir, India, a grenade exploded in a Muslim shrine that killed 2 and injured some 100 people.
    (WSJ, 7/30/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 29, Members of US Congress from both parties embraced compromise legislation designed to balance the budget while cutting taxes.
    (AP, 7/29/98)
1997        Jul 29, Once a worldwide symbol of industrial pollution, Minamata Bay, Japan, was declared free of mercury 40 years after contaminated food fish were blamed for birth defects and deaths.
    (AP, 7/29/98)
1997        Jul 29, In Russia the deputy head of a construction firm in Moscow and the head of a shipping firm in St. Petersburg were killed as well as 2 aides in apparent contract shootings.
    (WSJ, 7/29/97, p.A12)
1997        Jul 29, In Ankara, Turkey, some 15,000 people protested government plans to curb Muslim schools. At least 13 protestors were injured and 3 officers were suspended by Prime Minister Yilmaz.
    (WSJ, 7/30/97, p.A1)

1998        Jul 29, Pres. Clinton reached an agreement with Kenneth Starr to provide closed-circuit videotaped testimony at the White House on Aug. 17 about whether he tried to cover up a sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A1)(AP, 7/29/99)
1998        Jul 29, GM workers began returning to their jobs after ratifying a strike settlement.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A3)
1998        Jul 29, The Powerball jackpot of 20 East Coast states reached $292 million and the winning numbers were 8-39-43-45-49. A group of 13 machinists from Ohio, who bought their tickets in Indiana, elected to take a $161.5 million lump sum payout.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A2)(SFC, 7/31/98, p.A3)
1998        Jul 29, The O.J. Simpson 6,200 sq. foot mansion at 360 N. Rockingham in LA was demolished. It had sold to an investment banker for $4 million and a new home was planned for the site.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A3)
1998        Jul 29, Jerome Robbins, a master choreographer of modern ballet' and a major Broadway innovator, died in Manhattan at age 79. In 2001 Greg Lowrance authored the biography "Dance With Demons," and Christine Conrad authored a pictorial biography "Jerome Robbins: That Broadway Man, That Ballet Man."
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A10)(AP, 7/29/99)(WSJ, 5/4/01, p.W10)
1998        Jul 29, Brazil sold its Telebras telephone system to int’l. bidders for $19 billion. The 12 subsidiaries were sold one by one while demonstrators protested saying that Telebras was the property of the Brazilian people.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.D2)
1998        Jul 29, A human rights tribunal ruled that Canadian public servants in female-dominated job categories deserved compensation for unequal pay. Payment was to be retroactive to March, 1985, and would range from $10k to 20k.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A12)
1998        Jul 29, In Japan the lower house of parliament approved Keizo Obuchi for prime minister. the upper house endorsed opposition leader Naoto Kan. The lower house had the power to overrule any upper house decision.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A12)
1998        Jul 29, In Kenya John Harun Mwau, head of the anti-corruption authority, was suspended by Pres. Moi.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D2)
1998        Jul 29, In Sierra Leone a report called "Sowing Terror" was published that documented the violence of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council and the Revolutionary United Front. The rebel campaign code-named "No Living Thing" maimed civilians and sent them as messengers to the government of Pres. Ahmad Kabbah. Rebel leader Foday Sankoh was turned over by Nigeria to face charges in Sierra Leone.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A12,14)
1998        Jul 29, In Sudan a UNICEF report said 130 people were dying every day in Ajiep out of a refugee population of 70,000 from famine. A program to provide 15,000 tons of food a month was planned. It would exceed the 1948 Berlin Airlift.
    (SFC, 7/29/98, p.A10)(SFC, 7/30/98, p.A16)
1998        Jul 29-30, In Australia giardia and cryptosporidium were found throughout the water supply of Sydney. PM John Howard called the crises an international embarrassment.
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A11)

1999        Jul 29, US warplanes struck targets in northern and southern Iraq after anti-aircraft artillery shot at them. Iraq reported 8 people killed.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D3)
1999        Jul 29, A federal judge ordered Pres. Clinton to pay $90,000 to the lawyers of Paula Jones in compensation for extra work due his false testimony.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 29, California Governor Gray Davis abandoned the state’s effort to preserve Proposition 187, a divisive voter-approved ban on schooling and other public benefits for illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 7/29/00)
1999        Jul 29, In the NYC area federal and municipal authorities arrested 38 people in connection with a gambling operation that brought in over $50 million a year from over 500 illegal gambling spots.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.A9)
1999        Jul 29, The MGM Grand Detroit Casino opened in downtown Detroit in a former IRS building. It was the 1st of 3 planned temporary casinos. It closed in 2007 just before the opening of a new $800 million MGM Grand across the street.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D5)(WSJ, 9/26/07, p.B1)
1999        Jul 29, It was reported that research led by Dr. Robert Weinberg of MIT had created a cancerous human cell by genetic modification of a normal one.
    (SFC, 7/29/99, p.C2)
1999        Jul 29, In Atlanta Mark O. Barton (44) shot and killed 9 people in 2 day-trading offices in the Buckhead district of Atlanta. He wounded another 13 before shooting himself to death. Police also found the dead bodies of his wife Leigh Ann Barton (27) and 2 children, Matthew (11) and Elizabeth Mychelle (7) in suburban Stockbridge. Barton had been a suspect in the 1993 murders of his first wife and mother-in-law.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/29/00)
1999        Jul 29, Belgium announced that it had quarantined 175 more farms and that it would destroy all 115,000 tons of dioxin suspect beef, pork and poultry. Testing for all pork and poultry products for export was extended to Aug 31.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.A13)
1999        Jul 29, In Serajevo a 2-day conference by leaders of over 60 countries was to begin for a Balkan Stability Pact nicknamed "Marshall II."
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A8)
1999        July 29, In China authorities issued an arrest warrant for Li Hongzhi, the founder of Falun Gong living in NY.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.A12)
1999        Jul 29, In South Africa some 300,000 workers staged a public sector strike and demanded a 10% pay hike.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D3)
1999        Jul 29, In Sri Lanka a suicide bomber killed Neelan Tiruchelvam, a leader of the Tamil minority, in Colombo. Tiruchelvam had helped draft changes to the constitution that would grant greater autonomy to Tamil dominated areas. The bombing appeared to be the work of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE).
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D2)

2000        Jul 29, In China it was reported that the Songhua River had completely dried up under the drought that has ruined 35 million acres. 16.2 million Chinese were left short of water.
    (SFC, 7/29/00, p.D8)
2000        Jul 29, In Colombia rebels attacked the town of Arboleda and claimed to have killed nearly 2 dozen police officers. Troops and national police were flown to the site the next day aboard US-supplied helicopters.
    (SFC, 7/31/00, p.A12)
2000        Jul 29, Yasser Arafat set off on a multi-country tour to drum up support for the Palestinians in the Middle East peace process.
    (AP, 7/29/01)
2000        Jul 29, In Spain a Socialist politician was killed and Basque separatists were blamed.
    (WSJ, 7/31/00, p.A1)

2001        Jul 29, In Ohio a tractor engine exploded at a county fair and 4 people were killed in Medina.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.A3)
2001        Jul 29, In France Lance Armstrong won his 3rd straight Tour de France bicycle race. He became the first American to win the Tour three times in a row.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.A1)(AP, 7/29/02)
2001        Jul 29, In Japan the governing Liberal Democratic Party of PM Koizumi won 64 of 121 contested seats in the 247-seat upper house.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 29, In Northern Ireland Gavin Brett (18), a Protestant, was killed while standing with Catholic friends in Belfast. The Red Hand Defenders took credit, their 2nd this month.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 29, Edward Gierek, the Polish communist ruler who pushed for reform during the 1970s but was forced from power in 1980 over mounting debt and strikes, died at 88.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2001        Jul 29, In Puerto Rico the residents of Vieques island voted on stopping the practice bombing by the US military. Opponents of the navy bombing gathered 68% of the vote.
    (SSFC, 7/29/01, p.A9)(SFC, 7/30/01, p.A3)

2002        Jul 29, The Capitol Limited Amtrak train derailed outside Washington DC and over 100 people were injured.
    (SFC, 7/30/02, p.A4)(AP, 7/29/03)
2002        Jul 29, The DJIA rose 447 points to 8,711. It was the 3rd largest point gain in Dow history. Nasdaq rose 73 to 1,335.
    (SFC, 7/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 29, On a mission to stamp out Islamic militancy in Southeast Asia, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell held talks with Thai leaders, who deny their country is facing a Muslim insurgency.
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, In Afghanistan, a man identified by authorities as a would-be suicide bomber with more than a half-ton of explosives in his car was stopped by a chance traffic accident just 300 yards from the U.S. Embassy.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2002        Jul 29, In Canada at least 23 young Cubans from a group who traveled to see Pope John Paul II decided not to return to the communist-ruled island.
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, In Colombia a small bomb exploded outside a hardware store in downtown Bogota, killing a 17-year-old girl and injuring 10 other people.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Pope John Paul II arrived in Guatemala. Thousands of young people packed into a soccer stadium and spent the night waving candles and chanting "John Paul II, Guatemala loves you.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 29, The United Nations indefinitely suspended aid operations in Chechnya after the kidnapping last week of a Russian aid worker in the breakaway republic.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, In Nigeria presidential bodyguards opened fire on young men who were throwing stones near the rear of Obasanjo's mile-long motorcade. Some people were seen falling with multiple gunshot wounds, and at least six limp bodies were seen being hauled away.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Thousands of Palestinians defied the Israeli army's around-the-clock curfew for the second straight day, and took to the streets of Nablus as shops and banks opened to accommodate them.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Serbia's ruling coalition moved to oust all 45 members of Yugoslav President Vojislav Kostunica's party from parliament, the latest threat to Yugoslavia's political stability.
    (AP, 7/29/02)
2002        Jul 29, Sudanese government-backed forces killed a foreign aid worker and abducted three others in an oil-rich area of Sudan. A rebel leader said the government killed some 1,000 civilians in a separate attack in the same region.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2003        Jul 29, Boston's Bill Mueller became the first player in major league history to hit grand slams from both sides of the plate in a game and connected for three homers in a 14-7 win at Texas.
    (AP, 7/29/04)
2003        Jul 29, President Bush refused to release a congressional report on possible links between Saudi Arabian officials and the Sept. 11 hijackers, saying disclosure "would help the enemy" by revealing intelligence sources and methods.
    (AP, 7/29/04)
2003        Jul 29, American soldiers in Tikrit overpowered and arrested a bodyguard who rarely left Saddam Hussein's side.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, A heat wave and a drought gauged a multibillion-dollar hole into Europe's economy, crippling shipping, shriveling crops and driving up the cost of electricity.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, Forest fires swept through parts of the ritzy French Riviera for a second day, devastating scenic woods and forcing thousands to be evacuated. At least four people have been killed.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, In Ivory Coast thousands of college students rioted in Abidjan, demanding compensation for a lost school year canceled by Ivory Coast's civil war.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor's forces launched what they called a major counterattack on the key port of Buchanan, battling to take back Liberia's second-largest city a day after it fell to insurgents.
    (AP, 7/29/03)
2003        Jul 29, A land mine explosion shattered a military convoy near the border with rebel Chechnya, killing five Russian soldiers.
    (AP, 7/30/03)
2003        Jul 29, Foday Sankoh (65), an indicted Sierra Leone war criminal whose rebel forces were notorious for hacking off the limbs, lips and ears of civilians, died in UN custody at a Freetown hospital.
    (AP, 7/30/03)

2004        Jul 29, John Kerry gave his acceptance speech as the Democratic presidential nominee before 15,000 supporters in Boston’s FleetCenter: “I’m John Kerry, and I’m reporting for duty."
    (SFC, 7/30/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 29, Target Corp. of Minneapolis announced it would sell Mervyn’s to Sun Capital Partners in Boca Raton, Fla., for $1.65 billion.
    (SSFC, 8/8/04, p.J1)
2004        Jul 29, Four Indonesian security officers convicted over atrocities during East Timor's 1999 violence-marred independence vote were acquitted.
    (AFP, 8/6/04)
2004        Jul 29, Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi met with Secretary of State Colin Powell in Saudi Arabia and urged Muslim nations to dispatch troops to Iraq to help defeat an insurgency that he said threatens all Islamic countries.
    (AP, 7/29/04)(WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 29, Israeli forces killed 2 top Palestinian militants in Gaza.
    (WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A1)

2005        Jul 29, The US Senate approved the nomination of Karen Hughes, a former political adviser to President Bush, as the State Department's top public relations official, and Rep. Christopher Cox to chair the Securities and Exchange Commission.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 29, Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist threw his support behind House-passed legislation to expand federal financing for human embryonic stem cell research, breaking with President Bush and religious conservatives.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, US Congress approved a $286.4 billion transit bill following a 22-month delay.
    (SFC, 7/30/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 29, The U.S. Army said it will pull out of 13 bases in southern Germany as part of its repositioning of American forces around the world.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, The United Food and Commercial Workers with 1.4 million members departed the AFC-CIO. It planned to focus on recruiting new members along with the departing Teamsters and Service Employees.
    (SFC, 7/30/05, p.C2)
2005        Jul 29, Cabaret singer Hildegarde (99), whose career spanned almost seven decades, died in New York.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2005        Jul 29, Al McKibbon (86), jazz bassist, died in LA. He brought a masterly fusion of jazz and Latin music to the George Shearing quintet and other groups in the 1940s and '50s.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Jul 29, Scientists reported that a 10th planet, bigger than Pluto, is farthest-known object in the solar system. It was currently 9 billion miles away from the sun, or about three times Pluto's current distance from the Sun and orbited the Sun once every 560 years. It was temporarily named 2003 UB313 (Xena). The same scientists reported 2 more objects in the Kuiper Belt on Sep 8 and named the trio Xena, Santa and Easterbunny.
    (AP, 7/30/05)(Econ, 8/6/05, p.64)(SFC, 9/9/05, p.A5)
2005        Jul 29, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a US-sponsored resolution expanding UN sanctions against al-Qaida terrorists and Afghanistan's former Taliban rulers to affiliates and splinter groups.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2005        Jul 29, The UN's cancer research agency added hormone pills to the list of substances that can cause cancer.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, Thousands of Bangladeshi Islamic activists staged a noisy protest in the capital Dhaka after US congressman Tom Tancredo suggested the US might consider bombing holy sites, including Mecca. Colorado Republican Tom Tancredo made the comment on July 14 in answer to a radio host's question about a possible response to any hypothetical nuclear terrorist attack on the US.
    (Reuters, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, London police raided 2 apartments in West London and arrested three people connected to the failed July 21 transit bombings.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, The British army began closing or demolishing military installations in the Irish Republican Army's rural heartland in a rapid response to the IRA's declaration to renounce violence and disarm.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, Xinhua News said China plans to sign a deal next month to buy 50 Boeing 787 Dreamliner jetliners in a deal worth $6 billion.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend an arms embargo and other sanctions against Congo for another year.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, The U.N. mission to Haiti said it will receive 750 more peacekeeping troops to help control the violence that threatens to undermine fall elections.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, In Honduras Timothy Markey, a US Drug Enforcement Administration agent, was shot and killed in an apparent robbery attempt at a Roman Catholic shrine outside Tegucigalpa.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 29, In western India the death toll from record monsoon rains approached 900.
    (AFP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, Osman Hussain (27), a Briton with Ethiopian citizenship, was arrested in Rome after investigators traced his cell phone calls across Europe. He is accused of trying to attack the Shepherd's Bush subway station in west London.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 29, A suicide attacker detonated an explosives belt in a crowd of Iraqi army recruits in Rabiya near the Syrian border, killing at least 52 and wounding 93. After the blast, US and Iraqi troops opened fire believing they were under attack. Some of the army recruits were killed by the gunfire.
    (AP, 7/29/05)(SFC, 7/30/05, p.A3)(AP, 7/31/05)
2005        Jul 29, In Kashmir 15 people, including six journalists, were wounded during a fierce gunbattle between troops and Muslim rebels in Srinagar. Rebels killed 2 soldiers in a grenade and gun attack on a police patrol.
    (AP, 7/29/05)(AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 29, The ASEAN summit concluded in Vientiane, Laos. Australia agreed to sign a non-aggression pact with the group in exchange for an invitation to another summit, where ASEAN hopes to start work on an East Asian free-trade area.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.39)
2005        Jul 29, Thousands of Rwandan prisoners began streaming out of jail, following a government decision to free 36,000 inmates, the majority of whom have confessed to taking part in the country's 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, Turkey signed an accord extending its customs union with the EU to Cyprus and other new EU members, a key step toward opening membership talks with the bloc.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, A plane with 440 Uzbek refugees left Kyrgyzstan for Romania.
    (AP, 7/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, Uzbekistan notified the State Department that US military aircraft and personnel must leave Karshi-Khanabad air base, commonly referred to as K2, that has been an important hub for American military operations in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/30/05)

2006        Jul 29, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice flew back to the Middle East for diplomatic discussions aimed at ending the violence there.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Actor-director Mel Gibson issued a lengthy statement apologizing for his drunken-driving arrest and for what he called his "despicable" statements toward the deputies who arrested him in Malibu, Calif.
    (AP, 7/29/07)
2006        Jul 29, Nebraska climatologist Mark Svoboda said more than 60% of the US has abnormally dry or drought conditions, stretching from Georgia to Arizona and across the north through the Dakotas, Minnesota, Montana and Wisconsin.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, In Brazil about $200,000 was found in a house in Natal, about 1,400 miles northeast of Sao Paulo. Police were convinced the money was part of the $70 million stolen from the Central Bank in Fortaleza in Aug 2005. By this time only $8 million was recovered.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Jul 29, The Middle East crisis dominated the first full day of PM Tony Blair's tour of California, forcing his promotion of British business interests here to take a back seat. Blair's former foreign secretary, Jack Straw, condemned Israeli action against Lebanon as "disproportionate" in the first such comment by a senior British government minister. PM Blair said an international agreement, leading to a cease-fire in the Israel-Hezbollah conflict, is possible sometime in the next few days.
    (AFP, 7/30/06)(AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Daniel Lev (72), a leading Indonesia scholar and longtime University of Washington professor, died following a battle with lung cancer.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Jul 29, US-led coalition forces detained 4 suspected al-Qaida operatives in eastern Afghanistan. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces and Afghan police killed 20 suspected Taliban who had attempted an ambush in Uruzgan province. In Kandahar province 3 militants blew themselves up as they laid an explosive on a road.
    (AP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 29, In Bangladesh more than 20,000 activists marched in Dhaka, defying driving rains, in the fifth day of protests to press for electoral reforms ahead of January polls.
    (AFP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Workers at Wal-Mart stores in China formed their 1st trade union.
    (SFC, 7/31/06, p.A3)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.43)
2006        Jul 29, Iran state radio said the government would reject a proposed UN resolution to suspend uranium enrichment by Aug. 31 or face the threat of international sanctions. State media also reported that President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has ordered government and cultural bodies to use modified Persian words to replace foreign words that have crept into the language, such as "pizzas" which will now be known as "elastic loaves."
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, In Tehran the presidents of Iran and Venezuela pledged to support one another in disputes with Washington, with the Iranian calling Hugo Chavez "a brother and trench mate."
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, A car packed with explosives blew up in a residential district of Kirkuk, killing four people and injuring 13. A Sunni cleric from a tribe opposed to al-Qaida in Iraq was killed while driving in Samarra. 4 unidentified bodies riddled with bullets were found, two behind a school in western Baghdad and two by the Tigris river. Gunmen fired on a taxi in Baghdad carrying a father and son, killing the boy. The US command announced that it was sending 3,700 troops to Baghdad to try to quell the sectarian violence sweeping the capital, and a US official said more American soldiers would follow as the military gears up to take the streets from gunmen. The tours of 4,000 US soldiers in Iraq were extended for up to 4 months. 4 US Marines were killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A3)(SFC, 7/31/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 29, Israel said it had pulled forces out of Hezbollah's stronghold in south Lebanon after completing its current operation there. Israeli planes targeted bridges in southern and eastern Lebanon in new airstrikes, destroying one in a resort area on the Syrian border. Israel rejected a request by the UN for a three-day cease-fire in Lebanon to deliver humanitarian supplies and allow civilians to leave the war zone.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Israeli tanks pushed back into the Gaza Strip before dawn, a day after ending a bloody, 3-day sweep that killed 30 Palestinians. Israeli troops killed 2 militants including Hani Awijan (29), a leader of the radical Islamic Jihad’s militant wing in Nablus, in a West Bank raid.
    (AP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 29, A strike protesting against a visit by India's president to Indian Kashmir shut much of the region for a second day, while four soldiers were reportedly hurt in a rebel attack.
    (AFP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, In Puerto Rico drug kingpin Jose Lopez Rosario (b.1976), who allegedly controlled the drug trade in the US island's northeastern region, died from gunshot wounds received on July 23. His death and his alleged connections to political figures were controversial in Puerto Rico, as local newspapers such as El Nuevo Dia and El Vocero covered the story for days after he died.
    (AP, 5/12/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jose_Lopez_Rosario)
2006        Jul 29, Somalia's PM Mohammed Ali Gedi accused Egypt, Libya and Iran of providing weapons for Islamic militants who have seized control of much of this country's south.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Sri Lanka's air force bombed Tamil Tiger rebel positions for a fourth day, killing at least 8 rebels and wounding 14.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, Marathon talks to end Ukraine's political paralysis broke off without an agreement between President Viktor Yushchenko and the pro-Russian parliamentary majority that has nominated his former Orange Revolution rival as prime minister.
    (AP, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 29, An oil spill occurred in Russia’s western Bryansk region on the border with Ukraine and Belarus. It affected a 4-square-mile area and contaminated water sources.  2 days later Russia’s Natural Resources Ministry said that the oil pipeline leak threatened environmental damage, but the pipeline’s operator said the spill only affected a 4,000-square-foot area and that the consequences had been dealt with over the weekend.
    (AP, 7/31/06)

2007        Jul 29, Cal Ripken Jr. and Tony Gwynn took their place in the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2007        Jul 29, Scientists said they have identified two genes that may raise the risk of multiple sclerosis, lending insight into the causes of the debilitating disease.
    (Reuters, 7/29/07)(SFC, 7/30/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 29, Some 12,000 of 17,000 registered runners completed the 30th annual SF marathon.
    (SFC, 7/30/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 29, Tom Snyder (71), TV host, died in SF after a struggle with leukemia. His smoke-filled interviews were a staple of late night television and an inspiration for Dan Aykroyd on "Saturday Night Live." Snyder hosted The Tomorrow Show from 1973-1982.
    (AP, 7/30/07)(SFC, 7/31/07, p.E2)
2007        Jul 29, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown traveled to the United States, saying he planned to use the official visit to strengthen what Britain already considers its "most important bilateral relationship."
    (AP, 7/29/07)
2007        Jul 29, Dilip Ganguly (b.1949), journalist, died in Calcutta. His 21-year career at The Associated Press saw him report from Baghdad during the Gulf War, on the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide and on stories across South Asia.
    (AP, 7/29/07)
2007        Jul 29, Whang Joung-il (52), a senior South Korean diplomat in Beijing, died hours after becoming ill after eating a tuna sandwich. His death left the envoy's family and his government asking China for an explanation.
    (AP, 8/23/07)
2007        Jul 29, Alberto Contador of Spain won the doping-scarred Tour de France.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2007        Jul 29, French actor Michel Serrault died in Honfleur, France, at age 79.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2007        Jul 29, Iraqi authorities announced a ban on vehicles and celebratory gunfire around Baghdad in an effort to prevent a repeat of violence that killed dozens celebrating Iraq's progress to the finals of Asia's top soccer tournament. Iraq celebrated their underdog national soccer team as it won the prestigious Asian Cup against Saudi Arabia. At least 5 people were killed and nearly 30 wounded by gunfire after the game. Gunmen opened fire on shoppers in a Shiite Turkomen village southwest of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, killing 7 people and wounding six. A bomb struck a minibus in eastern Baghdad, killing one passenger and wounding four others. A policeman was shot to death on his way to work southeast of Baghdad. Bombings, shootings and mortar attacks striking other targets killed at least 58 people nationwide.
    (AP, 7/29/07)(AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 29, In Japan exit polls showed that PM Shinzo Abe's ruling party suffered humiliating losses in parliamentary elections after a string of political scandals, but Abe said he did not plan to resign. Official election results showed the LDP and its junior coalition partner, the New Komeito, with a total of 103 seats, a 30-seat loss that left it far short of the 122 needed to control the house. The main opposition Democratic Party grabbed 112 seats, up from 81. For the 1st time in its history the LDP was no longer the biggest party in the upper house.
    (AP, 7/29/07)(AP, 7/30/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.35)
2007        Jul 29, France's visiting foreign minister succeeded in bringing together rival Lebanese factions who have had no contact for months but said he had not reached a breakthrough to ease the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 7/29/07)
2007        Jul 29, In Pakistan some 70 pro-Taliban militants occupied the shrine of renowned Pashtun freedom fighter Sahib Turangzai and its accompanying mosque in the town of Lakarai in Mohmand tribal region.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 29, A 43-year-old Russian cargo plane crashed minutes after taking off from a Moscow airport, killing all seven crew on board.
    (AP, 7/29/07)
2007        Jul 29, In Somalia gun battles and grenade attacks killed two soldiers and two civilians in Mogadishu, where the government is struggling to contain a violent insurgency.
    (AP, 7/29/07)

2008        Jul 29, Pres. Bush signed a bill freezing the assets of political and military leaders in Myanmar and banning the importation of rubies and jade from Myanmar to the US. The legislation also gave incentives to Chevron to divest its natural gas program there. The US Treasury announced financial sanctions on 10 companies suspected of being owned by Myanmar’s government.
    (SFC, 7/30/08, p.A4)
2008        Jul 29, The US Senate’s Foreign Relations Committee voted to triple America’s non-military assistance to Pakistan to $1.5 billion a year.
    (Econ, 8/9/08, p.39)
2008        Jul 29, Alaska Senator Ted Stevens (84), the longest-serving Republican in the US Senate, was indicted for making false statements concerning gifts he received from an oil-services firm.
    (AFP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, In Maryland police raided the home of Berwyn Heights Mayor Cheye Calvo shooting to death the couple's two dogs and seizing an unopened package containing 32 pounds of marijuana. The couple appeared to be innocent victims of a scheme by two men to smuggle millions of dollars worth of marijuana by having it delivered to about a half-dozen unsuspecting recipients.
    (AP, 8/8/08)
2008        Jul 29, New York’s Gov. David Paterson delivered a special address on the state’s deteriorating fiscal condition. His new budget placed the state’s deficit at $6.4 billion.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.36)
2008        Jul 29, The SF Board of Directors voted 8-3 to ban the sale of tobacco products at most pharmacies in the city.
    (SFC, 7/30/08, p.B1)
2008        Jul 29, Department store chain Mervyns LLC filed for bankruptcy protection, the latest in a series of merchants stumbling in the harsh retail environment and another blow to the nation’s struggling malls. In August Mervyn’s sued its former private equity owners saying they stripped the department store chain of its valuable real estate and then nearly doubled its rent effectively pushing the California-based company into bankruptcy.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/25918757/)(WSJ, 9/4/08, p.B1)
2008        Jul 29, Starbucks said it will close more than two-thirds of its 84 stores in Australia by the end of the week under a cost-cutting plan that will put almost 700 people out of work.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, Luther Davis (b.1916), Tony-winning playwright and screenwriter, died in the Bronx. His plays included “Kismet" (1954). In 1978 he turned Kismet into a new show titled “Timbuktu!"
    (www.nytimes.com/2008/08/02/theater/02davis.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss)
2008        Jul 29, US Army scientist Bruce E. Ivins died of an apparent overdoes of Tylenol at Frederick Memorial Hospital in Maryland. Federal prosecutors investigating the 2001 anthrax attacks were planning to indict and seek the death penalty against Ivins in connection with anthrax mailings that killed five people. Ivins, who was developing a vaccine against the deadly toxin, committed suicide. On Feb 19, 2010, the FBI formally closed his case concluding that Ivins acted alone in the 2001 anthrax mailings.
    (AP, 8/1/08)(AP, 2/20/10)(SFC, 2/16/11, p.A6)
2008        Jul 29, In Afghanistan a roadside blast that apparently targeted an Afghan senator mediating a land dispute in eastern Paktia province killed 3 policemen and wounded 3 others. In Logar province militants attacked a police van, killing two officers, then taking the vehicle. A British soldier was killed in Helmand.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 29, The Bosnian war crimes court convicted seven Bosnian Serbs of genocide in the 1995 massacre of Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica and handed down prison sentences ranging from 38 to 42 years. Four others were acquitted. Milenko Trifunovic, Brano Dzinic and Aleksandar Radovanovic received the 42-year sentences, while Milos Stupar, Slobodan Jakovljevic and Branislav Medan each got 40 years and Petar Mitrovic received 38 years.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, In central Brazil the torso of Cara Marie Burke, 17, from London, was found in a suitcase in Goiania. She had been stabbed to death by Mohamed D'Ali Carvalho dos Santos (20) over the weekend in his apartment. Santos was arrested on July 31 and confessed. Reports said he was a cocaine user.
    (AFP, 8/1/08)
2008        Jul 29, In Britain a Sikh teenager won a High Court discrimination case against a school which banned her from classes after she refused to remove a religious bangle.
    (AFP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, Ecuador’s Foreign Ministry said the US military must stop using its only outpost in South America for anti-drug flights when Washington's 10-year lease on the base in Ecuador expires in 2009.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, Hundreds of armed former soldiers from Haiti's disbanded army stormed an old barracks and civilian prison to demand the force be reinstated.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, India’s central Reserve Bank raised its key lending rate an unexpected half per cent to 9%, a 7-year high.
    (WSJ, 7/30/08, p.C2)
2008        Jul 29, Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded fire across the heavily armed Kashmir frontier for more than 12 hours overnight and into the day in what the Indian army called the worst violation of a 2003 cease-fire agreement between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, US and Iraqi forces launched a new operation aimed at clearing al-Qaida in Iraq from the volatile Diyala province, considered the last major insurgent safe haven near the capital.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, The International Olympic Committee agreed to allow Iraq to participate in the Beijing games, reversing itself after Baghdad pledged to ensure the independence of its national Olympics.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 29, Israeli gunfire killed a 10-year-old Palestinian boy during a confrontation between troops and stone-throwers in a West Bank village.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, In Mexico a family of six was found dead in their home in western Jalisco state, allegedly targeted by kidnappers aided by corrupt cops. Four victims, including two children, were shot in the head. A teenage boy's throat was slashed. His mother was asphyxiated with a plastic bag.
    (AP, 8/21/08)
2008        Jul 29, Pakistani Taliban militants killed 3 soldiers, including an army captain, and kidnapped 30 security forces from a police station in the northwestern Swat Valley.
    (AFP, 7/29/08)(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 29, A huge blast rocked a training base run by the Islamic militant Hamas in southern Gaza, injuring at least five members of the group.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 29, Russian news said 2 small, manned submarines reached the bottom of Lake Baikal, the world's deepest freshwater lake. The "Mir-1" and "Mir-2" submersibles descended 1.05 miles (1,680 meters) to the bottom of the vast Siberian lake.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, Russian proxies in South Ossetia started shelling pro-Georgian villages there.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.78)
2008        Jul 29, A UN court trying the masterminds of Rwanda's 1994 genocide said that its mandate had been extended by a year until 2009.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, Talks in South Africa on Zimbabwe's political crisis broke up with no power-sharing deal between President Robert Mugabe and his bitter rival Morgan Tsvangirai in sight.
    (AFP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, In Sri Lanka 21 Tamil Tigers and 4 soldiers were slain in clashes in the northern Wanni region.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 29, Tonga’s King George Tupou V announced he was ceding most of his executive powers to the democratically elected parliament.
    (SFC, 3/20/12, p.C5)
2008        Jul 29, Turkish warplanes attacked Kurdish rebels in Iraq's north, killing a group of guerrillas gathered at a mountain cave.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, WTO Director-General announced on that the latest negotiations for a much-delayed trade liberalization deal under the so-called Doha Round had broken down after nine days due to unresolved differences. The deadlock centered on a row between the US and India over special tariff measures to protect poor farmers from surging imports or price falls.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)

2009        Jul 29, In Van Nuys, Ca., Sandro Karmryan was kidnapped. He was beaten and held captive for days as his tormentors tried to negotiate a $1 million ransom. In 2011 Suren Garibyan (34) was sentenced to 17½ years in prison for his role in the kidnapping.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.C2)
2009        Jul 29, Microsoft Corp. and Yahoo Inc. agreed to a 10-year Internet search partnership, capping a convoluted pursuit that dragged on for years and finally setting the stage for the rivals to make an all-out assault against the dominance of Google Inc. The extended reach will allow Microsoft to introduce its recently upgraded search engine, called Bing, to more people.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, The anti-death penalty group Hands Off Cain said the number of prisoners put to death worldwide decreased in 2008. At least 5,727 executions were carried out in 2008, down from 5,851 the year before. China accounted for at least 5,000 executions, or 87.3$ of the total, the same estimate as last year.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, The Algerian media reported that the army has killed 16 Islamist extremists in separate operations in recent days. The bodies of eight Islamists were discovered on July 27-28 near Batna, 435 km (270 miles) southeast of Algiers, after army shelling followed by a ground operation. 3 other armed Islamists were killed in two ambushes near Tizi Ouzou, 110 km (70 miles) east of the capital, on July 27-28. At least 11 Algerian soldiers were killed in an ambush by Islamic extremists while they escorted a military convoy in an Algerian tourist region outside the coastal town of Damous. Five Islamists were killed when the soldiers shot back.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)(AFP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 29, China’s state media reported that contaminated drinking water has sickened more than 2,600 people in northern China, including 59 who were hospitalized with fevers, diarrhea, stomach aches and vomiting.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In China Xu Zhiyong (35), prominent legal scholar, was arrested in Beijing. A week later he was accused of tax evasion. His group had tackled some of China’s most politically sensitive cases.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu_Zhiyong)(SFC, 8/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Jul 29, Cuban state media said Russia and Cuba have signed agreements to search for oil in the Gulf of Mexico. Moscow extended the island $150 million in credit for construction materials and farm machinery.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, Germany entered into deflation this month for the first time in 22 years according to government statistics, with a projected 0.6% decline in prices compared to one year ago.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, One of India’s last queens, Maharani Gayatri Devi (90), died. She was feted as an international style icon and spent time in jail after she became a politician. Devi had married the Maharaja of Jaipur in 1939, becoming a member of the royal family that effectively ruled the city of Jaipur and the surrounding area of Rajasthan state. She became a successful politician winning a seat in parliament in 1962 and retaining it twice in elections.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, Iran's top diplomat in Bolivia said the Islamic republic has approved a $280 million low-interest loan for President Evo Morales' government to use as it sees fit. Gas and oil exploration are possibilities.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, Ireland said it has agreed to accept two inmates from the Guantanamo prison camp in Cuba within the next two months.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In Kyrgyzstan a number of protestors were detained, as police suppressed a series of demonstrations against the disputed re-election of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Police said 42 protesters were detained in Bishkek. The opposition reported that about 80 people were detained in Besh-Kungei.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In Mexico gunmen shot up and torched the home of Jesus Antonio Romero (39), a police commander in Veracruz, killing the officer, his wife and his four children, including a 6-year-old boy. He had been promoted a month ago to deputy operations coordinator for the Veracruz-Boca del Rio area, a hotbed of drug violence and a stronghold of the Zetas. In a remote mountain town south of Ciudad Juarez, gunmen killed a government welfare official and three police officers during a robbery. Police announced the capture of six more suspected La Familia members, including a man accused of being a chief financial operator.
    (AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 29, Moldova held elections. At least three people were killed and hundreds of others arrested after protesters, some of whom used the social network Twitter to organize after cell phone networks went down, stormed parliament and the president's office. With 98% of the vote counted, the four opposition parties had 50.9 percent to the Communists' 45.1%. A pro-European alliance of four parties won the most seats in the 101-seat parliament but fell short of the 61 votes necessary to elect a president.
    (AP, 7/29/09)(AP, 7/30/09)(AP, 11/28/10)
2009        Jul 29, Morocco's King Mohammed VI (45), on the eve of commemorations of his 10th anniversary on the throne, granted pardons to 24,865 prisoners, and commuted 32 death sentences.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In northern Nigeria troops struggled to crush an Islamist sect as the death toll from four days of clashes surged past 300. Thousands of people were forced from their homes. Militants attacked security forces in Yobe state. Police said that 43 sect members were killed in a shootout near the city of Potiskum. The government, which blames the Boko Haram sect for instigating days of violence in the mostly Muslim region, shelled and stormed the group's mosque and headquarters in Maiduguri. Sect leader Mohammed Yusuf escaped along with about 300 followers but his deputy was killed.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)(AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 29, Drug maker Pfizer Inc. confirmed that it has resolved a long-running legal dispute with the Nigerian government over allegations that children there were harmed in a 1996 Pfizer study of an experimental antibiotic during a meningitis outbreak. The settlement reportedly called for a $75 million payment by Pfizer.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb ripped through the parking area at a court in Dera Ismail Khan, killing two men guarding a Shiite Muslim lawyer. Troops waging an offensive elsewhere in the region killed at least four suspected Taliban fighters over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, An unmanned Russian cargo ship has docked successfully at the international space station to deliver supplies for its six-member crew.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In South Africa a ceremony was held for “Fire Walker," a new four-story sculpture in Johannesburg. A plaque was unveiled with the names of the South African artists who created it: William Kentridge and Gerhard Marx. The three-dimensional steel conception by Marx was of a Kentridge watercolor.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In northern Spain a powerful car bomb destroyed a police barracks housing officers and their families in Burgos, injuring about 60 people and causing major damage in the surrounding area. The attack was blamed on the Basque separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, A Sudanese court adjourned the case of Lubna Ahmed al-Hussein, a woman journalist facing 40 lashes for wearing "indecent" trousers. 10 women had already been whipped on July 3 for similar offences against Islamic law. "I wish to resign from the UN, I wish this court case to continue," Hussein told a packed courtroom before the judge adjourned the case to August 4.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In Tajikistan the Pakistani and Tajik presidents pledged to step up efforts to fight Islamist militants at a regional summit amid concerns about the spread of violence from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, Turkey's government said it is prepared to grant more rights to the nation's Kurds in an effort to end the 25-year insurgency by Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 29, In Zimbabwe the British Broadcasting Corp. resumed broadcasting for the first time since it was banned in 2001. The five-month-old coalition government said it also was considering allowing CNN back.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

2010        Jul 29, US House investigators accused New York Rep. Charles Rangel (80) of 13 violations of congressional ethics standards.
    (SFC, 7/30/10, p.A10)
2010        Jul 29, The US Dept. of Justice filed a lawsuit against Oracle Corp. for overcharging the General services Administration from 1998-2006.
    (SFC, 7/30/10, p.A1)
2010        Jul 29, The US Mint introduced a new quarter featuring Yosemite National Park. 3 other parks will be honored this year: Hot Springs, Grand Canyon and Yellowstone.
    (SFC, 7/30/10, p.C2)
2010        Jul 29, The X Prize foundation offered up a new $1.4 million prize for anyone who can come up with a faster way to clean oil spills from the ocean.
    (Econ, 8/7/10, p.79)
2010        Jul 29, Toyota Motor Corp said it would recall nearly 417,000 high-end passenger cars and SUVs in the United States and Canada to fix steering problems.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, In southern Afghanistan 3 American service members died in two separate blasts.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 29, Australia said it will impose new sanctions against Iran, including restrictions for the first time on business dealings with that country's oil and gas sector.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Iran said it will suspend uranium enrichment to 20% if it acquires nuclear fuel for a research reactor.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Iran hanged Yousef Fardi, a convicted rapist, in the northern city of Qazvin.
    (AFP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 29, In Iraq militants flew an al-Qaida flag over a Baghdad neighborhood after killing 16 security officials and burning some of their bodies in a brazen afternoon attack that served as a grim reminder of continued insurgent strength in Iraq's capital. A suicide bomber drove a minibus into the main gate of an Iraqi army base near Tikrit, killing 4 soldiers and wounding 10. Two road side bombs, targeting Iraqi army patrols exploded in Fallujah, 40 miles (65 km) west of Baghdad, killing two Iraqi soldiers and wounding eight others. In Mosul a bomb attached to a police vehicle killed one policeman and injured two others.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Thousands of Israelis marched calmly in Jerusalem's longest gay pride parade despite opposition from anti-gay demonstrators.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, In Mexico soldiers killed Ignacio "Nacho" Coronel (56), a top leader of the Sinaloa cartel, in a raid on his posh hideout in the western city of Guadalajara. One soldier was killed and Francisco Quinones, his right-hand man, was arrested. Mexican federal troops found $7 million in cash at the site as well as jewelry, luxury watches, guns, two hand grenades and three expensive cars.
    (AP, 7/30/10)(AP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 29, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI granted pardons or reduced sentences to nearly 1,000 people to mark his 11 years on the throne.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, In northwest Pakistan the death toll rose to at least 60 people with hundreds of thousands stranded in the region's worst flooding in decades.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Qatar's PM Sheik Hamad bin Jassem Al Thani said the Arab nations have endorsed direct Palestinian talks with the Israelis but left the timing to the Palestinians themselves.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev signed a new security law which restored Soviet-era powers to the Federal Security Service (FSB), the KGB's main successor agency, a move that rights advocates fear could be used to stifle protests and intimidate the Kremlin's political opponents.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, In Sierra Leone 'Papa Jacques,' Montouroy (63), French legendary aid worker, died of complications from an ulcer. He spent 41 years as a humanitarian worker for Catholic Relief Services and was known for delivering food in parts of the world no one else dared enter.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Jul 29, A Spanish judge in Madrid reissued arrest warrants for three US servicemen over the death of a Spanish journalist killed by American tank fire in Iraq on April 8, 2003.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, President Jacob Zuma announced that South Africa would stop recognizing half the nation's traditional kings and queens, dismissing them as artificial creations of the apartheid regime. Leaders of the six kingships affected by the move have said they will challenge their demotion in court.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, In Sudan gunmen ambushed a UNAMID patrol in West Darfur state, leaving four peacekeepers slightly wounded. UNAMID soldiers repelled their assailants with heavy gunfire.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, Ugandan officials said an anthrax outbreak has killed 82 hippos in the last month and a half.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, The UN released $650 million in Iraqi compensation to Kuwait, the latest payment of a war reparation scheme that began in 1994. The payment brings the total sum of compensation paid to Kuwait to $30.15 billion. A further $22.3 billion is due to Kuwait.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)

2011        Jul 29, President Barack Obama told deeply divided Republicans and Democrats to stop bickering and find a way "out of this mess." House of Representatives Speaker John Boehner's failure to round up enough support exposed a rift in the Republican Party that could complicate efforts to reach a compromise to raise the US debt ceiling before the august 2 deadline. The Republican-controlled House approved emergency legislation (218-210) to avoid an unprecedented government default. Senate Democrats scuttled it less than two hours later in hopes of a better deal.
    (Reuters, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, President Barack Obama and automobile manufacturers announced a deal designed to save American drivers money at the pump and dramatically cut heat-trapping gases coming from tailpipes. The agreement requires that car and light trucks achieve an average fuel economy of 54.5 mpg by 2025, up from 35.5 mandated by 2016.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 7/30/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 29, A US federal court said that human genes can be patented, reversing a 2010 decision against patents held by Myriad Genetics. Patents on genes have been awarded for almost 30 years.
    (SFC, 7/30/11, p.D2)
2011        Jul 29, Law enforcement officials said they struck a major blow against illegal marijuana cultivation on public lands in the heart of Northern California pot country. US Attorney Melinda Haag said a two-week operation to purge the Mendocino National Forest of illicit pot gardens uprooted 460,000 pot plants and led to more than 100 arrests.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Yahoo Inc., Japan's Softbank Corp. and the China’s Alibaba Group said they have agreed on a compensation plan involving the Web payment service Alipay.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Afghanistan 18 civilians died when a roadside bomb destroyed their minivan in Helmand province. In a separate incident one person was killed and four others wounded when their tractor hit an improvised bomb in the Garmser district of Helmand. 4 policeman were also killed and another wounded in fighting with insurgents overnight in Helmand. Insurgents killed seven Afghan soldiers and a translator alongside two NATO service members in a bombing and ambush in eastern Paktia province. Police acting on tips in Kunar province intercepted six would-be suicide bombers who local residents said were on their way to conduct an attack in the provincial capital of Asadabad.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, Angolan officials said 2 children have died from a wave of mysterious poisonings over the last two days in schools, but police have yet to identify the toxin that has sown panic in the country. Nearly 570 cases have been recorded across the country.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Argentina French tourists Cassandre Bouvier (29) and Moumni Houria (20) were found dead in Buenos Aires. They were last seen alive two weeks earlier. On Aug 6 authorities detained seven people, including the son and daughter of a high-ranking local police official, for questioning in the rape and slaying of the two French tourists. DNA and ballistics evidence later implicated some of the eight suspects arrested in the case.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Jul 29, An Austrian court rejected an extradition request from Serbia for Jovan Divjak, a former general in the Bosniak army, ruling that his right to a fair trial on suspicion of war crimes would be in doubt.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Bahrain's main Shiite opposition formation slammed the national dialogue's recommendations submitted to King Hamad a day earlier, saying they do not represent its demands or the will of the people. Al-Wefaq reiterated its demands for an "elected government," an "elected parliament which has full legislative powers," and a "fair and independent judicial system" in the Shiite-majority Gulf nation.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Tobacco companies suffered a major defeat in Canada when the Supreme Court ruled the federal government is not liable for damages from health-related lawsuits, possibly amounting to many billions of dollars.
    (Reuters, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Egypt tens of thousands of people filled Cairo's central Tahrir Square for a rally that turned into a show of force for ultraconservative Salafi Muslims and other Islamists in their growing rift with liberal activists. 150 men in trucks and on motorbikes rampaged through El-Arish, firing assault rifles in the air, driving terrified residents into their homes. 3 civilians, an army officer and a police officer were killed in clashes that followed, and 19 people wounded. Armed forces arrested 12 men, including 3 Palestinians, suspected of involvement in the attack.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, India's top court halted iron ore extraction in Karnataka state, home to some of the country's biggest deposits, after revelations about a $3.6-billion mining fraud.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Iran a blast hit a pipeline carrying natural gas from Iran to Turkey, forcing a cut in supply.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Japan's PM Naoto Kan pledged a "revolutionary" shift away from atomic power and towards renewable energy in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Jordan some 3,000 Muslim Brotherhood activists in Amman took an oath to continue peaceful protests until their demands for political reform are met.
    (SFC, 7/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 29, NATO forces in Kosovo withdrew from a barricade put up by hundreds of Serbs on Friday to avoid confrontation with Serb extremists blocking the peacekeepers from reaching a base in the Serb-run north.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, The pre-trial judge for the UN tribunal investigating the death of former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri, confirmed the names of four Hezbollah suspects indicted in the case. The four named in the indictment are: Salim Ayyash; Mustafa Badreddine; Hussein Anaissi and Assad Sabra. The names of the four, whose whereabouts are unknown, were revealed by the Lebanese government late last month after being leaked by the local media.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, The top Mexican federal prosecutors in 21 of the country's 31 states and federal district resigned. It came a week after the department had announced that 111 of its staff had been charged with crimes and 192 more fired for botching cases.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 29, Mexican authorities captured Jose Antonio Acosta Hernandez (33) in Chihuahua. He was identified as the head of La Linea, a gang of hit men and corrupt police officers who act as enforcers for the Juarez Cartel. Hernandez was wanted by the US government on charges of murdering a US consulate employee and her husband last year in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 29, Morocco's King Mohammed VI pardoned 14 prisoners and commuted the sentences of 954 others, on the eve of his coronation's 12th anniversary.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, Parts of North Korean land mines washed down a swollen river into South Korea, and troops searched for other mines that may have been dislodged by deadly landslides and flooding that has stricken the peninsula. A 2-day downpour left at least 40 people dead.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 7/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 29, In southwestern Pakistan unidentified gunmen opened fire on a bus stand in Quetta, Baluchistan, killing seven Shiite pilgrims waiting to travel to neighboring Iran.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Somalia 3 African Union troops were killed and dragged through the streets in Mogadishu as fighting erupted between pro-government forces and Islamist rebels.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Sri Lanka about 1,000 deaf people took to the streets of capital Colombo to demand equal rights, social recognition and more sign language translators, with an official saying only about four are currently qualified.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Swaziland a "national convention" opened, aiming to bring together civil society groups to map out how the small southern African kingdom could begin negotiations toward multi-party democracy. King Mswati III snubbed the gathering after being invited to deliver an opening address.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, Syrian troops fired live ammunition and tear gas on tens of thousands of protesters calling for the regime's ouster in several cities around the country, killing at least one demonstrator in Latakia. A bomb blast struck a major oil pipeline in western Syria, causing oil to spill into a nearby lake. State television said the explosion was a "terrorist" attack by a group of "saboteurs." 4 people were killed during a raid on the Damascus suburb of Kiswah. One person was killed when troops entered the eastern border town of al-Boukamal near Iraq's border.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, Turkey’s top commanders suddenly quit to protest the arrest of dozens of generals as suspects in an alleged plot to overthrow the country's Islamic-rooted government. Gen. Isik Kosaner resigned as the military's chief of staff along with the commanders of the navy, the army and the air force.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda began a four-day visit to neighboring Rwanda and met with his Rwandan counterpart Paul Kagame upon arrival. Media in both countries had reported that relations were strained over reports that Ugandan security operatives had met with two former senior Rwandan military officers who now oppose Kagame.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 29, In eastern Ukraine a pre-dawn methane explosion at the notoriously dangerous Suhodilska-Eastern mine in the Luhansk region killed 20 workers. Hours later an elevator used to transport miners and equipment into and out of the Bazhanova mine in the eastern Donetsk region collapsed, killing 7 workers. 10 miners all told remained missing.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 29, In Yemen tens of thousands turned out in cities across the country to call for the ouster of pres. Saleh. In the south government airstrikes targeting al-Qaida-linked militants accidentally killed 40 pro-government tribesmen outside Zinjibar. North of Sanaa two days of clashes with the army left 17 anti-government tribesmen dead, prompting their powerful tribe to threaten attacks against Sanaa's international airport. Al-Qaeda elements stationed in Dofas (Abyan province) attacked army units there using machine guns, killing 2 officers and 4 soldiers, and wounding 9 others. 5 members of the extremist network were also killed during the attack and four more were wounded. At least 42 people were killed in violence which rocked several towns across the southern province of Abyan.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)(SFC, 7/30/11, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A4)(AFP, 8/1/11)

2012        Jul 29, In Arizona 7 people in a van died in a crash on I-10 near Phoenix after a semitrailer truck crossed the median and struck the van head on.
    (SFC, 7/30/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 29, In NYC a 2-year-old girl was among 6 people wounded when a car drove by a playground and sprayed it with bullets.
    (SFC, 7/31/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 29, Thousands of stroller-pushing Hong Kong parents and activists protested a plan to introduce national education lessons, slamming it as a bid to brainwash children with Chinese propaganda.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Iran published the results of its 2011 census. It gave Iran's total population as 75.2 million, 99.4 percent of whom are Muslim. 55 percent were under 30 years of age.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, In Iraq 7 police were killed in two bombings and a drive-by shooting in the former al-Qaida stronghold of Fallujah.
    (AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Mit Romney visited Israel and met with PM Benjamin Netanyahu, Pres. Shimon Peres, and Palestinian Authority PM Salam Fayyad.
    (SFC, 7/30/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 29, An Israeli newspaper reported that the Obama administration's top security official has briefed Israel on US plans for a possible attack on Iran, seeking to reassure it that Washington is prepared to act militarily should diplomacy and sanctions fail to pressure Tehran to abandon its nuclear enrichment program. A senior Israeli official denied the newspaper report.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(Reuters, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, In Japan thousands of people formed "a human chain" around the parliament complex to demand the government abandon nuclear power.
    (AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Mali's interim president Dioncounda Traore sidelined his controversial PM Cheick Modibo Diarra by announcing the creation of new bodies tasked with ending the crisis. A couple who had an adulterous relationship was stoned to death in the town of Aguelhok.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)(AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, In northern Nigeria a gun battle near a mosque in the city of Kano and two other shootings left at least eight people dead in the latest violence to hit the area.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 29, Pakistani intelligence officials said a suspected US missile strike killed 4 people in North Waziristan near the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 7/30/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 29, Romanians voted on whether to oust Pres. Traian Basescu (60), part of a political battle that has raised questions about the rule of law in the fledgling European Union member. A rule required turnout to be more than half of the total electorate. The effort failed because of low voter turnout.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 7/30/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 29, Syrian troops, backed by air power and tanks, pushed on in the second day of an assault on Aleppo, sparking international fears of a humanitarian catastrophe. The Syrian regime accused regional powerhouses Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey of supporting a plot hatched by Israel to destroy the country. A group of 12 Syrian officers crossed into Turkey including a brigadier general who was deputy chief of police in Syria's Latakia region.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)(AP, 7/29/12)(AP, 7/30/12)

2013        Jul 29, US officials said the FBI has arrested 150 people across the country on charges of holding children against their will for prostitution in a three-day weekend sweep. Officials called this the largest-ever operation against child sex-trafficking.
    (Reuters, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Detroit the body of Bilal Berreni (23), a French street artist, was found shot in the face. It took seven months before authorities identified him through fingerprints. Dionte Travis (17), Jasin Curtis (18) and Drequone Rich (20) were later charged with murder. On Dec 3, 2015 1 Dionte Travis was found guilty of murder.
    (AP, 11/22/14)(AP, 12/3/15)
2013        Jul 29, In southern Afghanistan an early morning explosion killed a mother and two children in Kandahar province. 13 insurgents were reported killed, including local Taliban commander Qari Latif, and 29 captured in an operation in northern Kunduz province.
    (AP, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, Britain's Home Office confirmed it will demand a 3,000-pound ($4,630) refundable bond for visas for "high-risk" visitors from six former colonies (Nigeria, Ghana, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka). The pilot scheme has brought warnings at home and abroad that it will damage trade.
    (AP, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, Cambodia's long-ruling PM Hun Sen faced his biggest political setback in two decades as the country's opposition rejected an election result as tainted by widespread fraud, despite heavy losses for the ruling party.
    (Reuters, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) said it has switched on a pipeline bringing natural gas from Myanmar. The project has raised concerns in Myanmar's nascent civil society about whether its giant neighbor's resource grabs will benefit local people.
    (AP, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, Egyptian police detained two leaders of a Muslim Brotherhood-allied party in the latest in a wave of arrests of prominent Islamists, while the EU's top diplomat, Catherine Ashton, held talks with officials in Cairo in an attempt to mediate an end to the country's crisis.
    (AP, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Iraq at least 58 people were killed in 18 bombings across the country. 9 people were killed after twelve car bombs exploded in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhoods within one hour. Other bombs around Baghdad, mostly Shiite-dominated suburbs as well as the town of Mahmoudiya killed 31 more people. Car bombs in Kut killed at least 10, one in Basra killed 4. Two bombs in Samawa killed 2. A roadside bomb killed a senior police officer, his aide and two guards when it hit their convoy near Baiji.
    (AP, 7/29/13)(Reuters, 7/29/13)(AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 29, Israeli and Palestinian teams flew to Washington to end five years of diplomatic stalemate and prepare for a new round of Mideast peace talks, though optimism was in short supply after two decades of failed attempts to reach a deal.
    (AP, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Libya at least one soldier was killed in overnight fighting in the eastern city of Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Nigeria multiple explosions at a bar and entertainment area in a Christian quarter of the northern and mainly Muslim city of Kano killed at least 24 people.
    (AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Pakistan some 150 suspected Taliban fighters freed more than 250 prisoners, including 38 suspected militants, in a late night attack that killed 14 people in Dera Ismail Khan.
    (AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Peru the annual Andean Yawar Fiesta (Blood Festival) featured the strapping of a female condor to the back of a black bull. The legs of the condor were bandaged and the after 7 minutes the bull was roped and condor was cut loose.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A7)
2013        Jul 29, In Saudi Arabia Raif Badawi, editor of the "Free Saudi Liberals" website, was sentenced to seven years in prison and 600 lashes for founding an Internet forum that violates Islamic values and propagates liberal thought. Badawi has been held since June 2012 on charges of cyber crime and disobeying his father.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Sudan some 134 people were killed in new clashes between two rival tribes in the strife-torn Darfur region.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 29, In Switzerland two trains collided head-on late today, injuring 26 people and killing the driver of one at Granges-près-Marnand in the canton of Vaud.
    (Reuters, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, Syrian government troops captured all of the district of Khaldiyeh in the embattled city of Homs. It had been a rebel stronghold since the beginning of the uprising. At least 12 rebel fighters were killed as they were taking flour from a mill on the eastern outskirts of Damascus.
    (AP, 7/29/13)(Reuters, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, The Tunisian army blocked off a square where rival protesters had confronted each other in Tunis, declaring it a "closed military zone" to try to stave off rising unrest. Gunmen killed at least 8 soldiers, staging the biggest attack on the security forces in decades.
    (Reuters, 7/29/13)
2013        Jul 29, Pope Francis reached out to gays, saying he wouldn't judge priests for their sexual orientation in a remarkably open and wide-ranging news conference as he returned from his first foreign trip.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2014        Jul 29, The United States said it plans to sell 5,000 Hellfire missiles to Iraq in a $700 million deal, as Washington tries to help Baghdad retake ground captured by Sunni militants.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, US officials said that roughly 30 percent of Russia's banking sector assets are now constrained by sanctions. The West halted future sales to lucrative Russian economic sectors, with the US announcing plans to block future technology sales to the oil industry and Europe approving an arms embargo. The Europeans also backed sanctions against state-owned banks and the energy sector.
    (AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 29, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said cases of chikungunya virus, a painful, mosquito-borne disease that has spread rapidly through the Caribbean in recent months, spiked higher in New York and New Jersey in the past week. The number of cases in New Jersey more than doubled to 25, while New York has recorded 44 cases.
    (Reuters, 7/31/14)
2014        Jul 29, Kenneth Ireland (39) of Connecticut appealed for millions in compensation for being locked for two decades on alleged rape and murder charges. He was released in 2009 after DNA evidence proved another man responsible for the murder of a mother of four in 1986.
    (SFC, 7/30/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 29, Former Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura won $1.8 million in his two-year fight to prove he was defamed by a military sniper and best-selling author who claimed to have punched out Ventura at a bar for bad-mouthing the Navy SEALs. "American Sniper" author Chris Kyle was killed last year at a gun range in Texas.
    (AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 29, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker killed a cousin of outgoing President Hamid Karzai near Kandahar city. Hashmat Karzai was a campaign manager in Kandahar for Ashraf Ghani, one of the two presidential candidates.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, Australian media reported that arrest warrants have been issued for a pair of Australian citizens, Khaled Sharrouf and Mohamed Elomar, believed to be fighting in Syria, after images emerged of the two holding the severed heads of Syrian soldiers.
    (Reuters, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, Flooding in eastern Europe left at least 3 people dead in Bulgaria and Romania.   
    (SFC, 7/30/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 29, China's ruling Communist Party said it has put former security chief Zhou Yongkang (71) under investigation, the most senior official to fall for decades.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)(SSFC, 8/3/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 29, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos met with Japan's PM Shinzo Abe, calling for accelerated bilateral trade talks and more investment by the Asian economic powerhouse.
    (AFP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 29, A Hungarian opposition group said it would ask the EU to step up its oversight of democracy in Hungary after PM Orban said he wants to transform the country from a liberal democracy into an "illiberal state."
    (AP, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, Israel unleashed its heaviest air and artillery assault of the Gaza war, destroying key symbols of Hamas control, shutting down the territory's only power plant and leaving at least 128 Palestinians dead. Israel flattened the home of Hamas Gaza leader Ismail Haniye and pounded dozens of other high-profile targets in the enclave.
    (Reuters, 7/29/14)(AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 29, Japan announced that it had wrapped up a whale hunt in the Pacific, the second campaign since the UN's top court ordered Tokyo to halt a separate slaughter in the Antarctic. The country's fisheries agency said 115 whales were killed during the two-and-a-half month campaign.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, Libyan forces battled Islamist militants with rockets and warplanes for control of an army base in the eastern city of Benghazi after at least 30 people were killed in overnight fighting. Armed factions in Tripoli agreed to a brief cease-fire to allow emergency services to fight the blazing fuel storage tanks containing millions of liters of fuel.
    (Reuters, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Boko Haram suicide bombers attacked two mosques in Potiskum, Yobe state, killing at least 6 people and injuring several others.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 29, In Sierra Leone Dr. Sheik Humarr Khan, who was praised as a national hero for treating Ebola, died from the disease. ASKY regional airline announced it was suspending flights to the cities hardest hit by an outbreak that has killed more than 670 people.
    (AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 29, A Spanish judge issued an indictment against Jordi Pujol (b.1930) and his wife for money laundering and tax evasion. The former leader of Catalonia (1980-2003) had recently admitted that his family had hidden money in Switzerland for the past 35 years.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jordi_Pujol_i_Soley)(Econ, 8/23/14, p.52)
2014        Jul 29, In Syria insurgents detonated bomb-packed tunnels under buildings in Aleppo killing at least 13-pro-government troops.
    (SFC, 7/30/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 29, In eastern Ukraine shelling in at least three cities hit a home for the elderly, a school and multiple homes, adding to a rapidly growing civilian death toll. At least 24 civilians and 10 soldiers were reported killed and another 55 wounded in fighting over the past day.
    (AP, 7/29/14)(SFC, 7/30/14, p.A4)

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