Today in History - July 30

Return to home

The International Day of Friendship. On 27 April 2011 the General Assembly of the United Nations declared 30 July as official International Friendship Day.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Friendship_Day)(Econ, 11/24/12, p.68)

30 BC    Jul 30, Mark Antony, lover of the Egyptian queen Cleopatra VII and claimant to the Roman throne, stabbed himself when faced with certain defeat at the hands of his rival Octavian. Antony expected to be named the heir to Rome after the assassination of his friend and confidant Julius Caesar, but had not counted on Caesar naming his adopted son Octavian as his successor. Shaken by his loss at Actium and abandoned by his allies, Antony committed suicide. Cleopatra followed him in death shortly afterward when she allowed herself to be bitten by a venomous asp.
    (HNPD, 7/30/98)

579        Jul 30, Pope Benedict I died.
    (PTA, 1980, p.124)

762        Jul 30, A Persian astrologer, selected by caliph al-Mansur (the Victorious), selected this day as propitious for breaking ground for the city of Baghdad. Al-Mansur was one of the founders of the Abassid dynasty.
    (WSJ, 2/14/09, p.W8)

1178        Jul 30, Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, was crowned King of Burgundy.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1419        Jul 30, Anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Huss, stormed the town hall in Prague and threw 3 Catholic consuls and 7 citizens out the window. This episode has been called "The Defenestration in Prague." The out-the-window gentlemen all landed safely in a manure pile.
    (NH, 9/96, p.23)(MC, 7/30/02)

1511        Jul 30, Giorgio Vasari (d.1574), Italy, painter, architect and art historian (Vasari's Lives), was born. He wrote "Lives of the Artists."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1582)(MC, 7/30/02)

1588        Jul 30, The English soundly defeated the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines.
    (ON, 3/02, p.3)

1619        Jul 30, The first representative assembly in America the House of Burgesses, became the first legislative assembly in America when it convened at Jamestown, Va.
    (AP, 7/30/97)(HN, 7/30/98)

1626        Jul 30, An earthquake hit Naples and some 10,000 died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1646        Jul 30, English parliament set the Newcastle Propositions of King Charles I.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1712        Jul 30, Abraham Elsevier, publisher, died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1715        Jul 30, Eleven of twelve Spanish ships carrying gold and silver disappeared in a hurricane near Vero Beach, Florida.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1715_Treasure_Fleet)

1718        Jul 30, William Penn, English Quaker, colonizer (No cross, no crown), died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1729        Jul 30, The city of Baltimore was founded.
    (AP, 7/30/97)

1733        Jul 30, Society of Freemasons opened their 1st American lodge in Boston.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1747        Jul 30, Antonio Benedetto Maria Puccini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1751        Jul 30, Maria A. [Nannerl] Mozart, Austrian pianist, Wolfgang's sister, was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1771        Jul 30, Thomas Gray (54), English poet ("Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard"), died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1775        Jul 30, Captain Cook returned to England.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1784        Jul 30, Denis Diderot (b.1713), French philosopher, critic, and encyclopedist, died. "Men will never be free until the last king is strangled with the entrails of the last priest."
    (WSJ, 6/15/99, p.A16)(www.giga-usa.com/quotes/authors/denis_diderot_a001.htm)

1787        Jul 30, The French parliament refused to approve a more equitable land tax.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1792        Jul 30, The French national anthem "La Marseillaise" by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris.
    (AP, 7/30/99)

1799        Jul 30, The French garrison at Mantua, Italy surrendered to the Austrians.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1818        Jul 30, Emily Bronte, author of Wuthering Heights, was born.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1824        Jul 30, Gioacchino Rossini became manager of Theatre Italian in Paris.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1831        Jul 30, Helene P. Blavatsky, founder (Theosophist Cooperation), was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1839        Jul 30, Slave rebels took over the slave ship Amistad.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1844        Jul 30, The New York Yacht Club was founded.
    (AP, 7/30/99)

1855        Jul 30, Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrialist, was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1857        Jul 30, Thorstein Veblen (d.1929), political economist and sociologist, was born in Wisconsin to Norwegian immigrants. He authored “The Theory of the Leisure Class” in 1899.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R20)(SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.4)(HN, 7/30/01)(MC, 7/30/02)

1863        Jul 30, Henry Ford (d.1947), founder of the Ford Motor Company and developer of the Model T, was born in Dearborn Township, Mich. He led American war production with the gigantic facility at Willow Run. "You can’t build a reputation on what you are going to do."
    (AP, 8/16/97)(AP, 7/30/98)(HN, 7/30/98)
1863        Jul 30, Pres. Lincoln issued his "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot.
    (MC, 7/30/02)
1863        Jul 30, George Crockett Strong (29), US Union Gen-Maj, died of injuries.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1864        Jul 30, Gen Burnside failed on an attack of Petersburg and in an effort to penetrate the Confederate lines around Petersburg, Va., Union troops exploded some 8,000 pounds of gunpowder underneath the Confederate trenches. The blast killed 100s of Confederates. Union forces could not capitalize on the assault and ended up trapped in the bloody crater. The ensuing action is known as the Battle of the Crater. 4,000 Union soldiers were killed, wounded or captured in the Battle of the Crater during the Siege of Petersburg. [see Jul 29]
    (HN, 7/30/98)(HNQ, 8/23/00)(MC, 7/30/02)
1864        Jul 30, Gen. Jubal Early ordered Confederate troops to attack Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. The town was burned by Confederate forces under Gen. McCausland (1836-1927).
    (ON, 10/20/11, p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McCausland)

1865        Jul 30, The worst US steamship disaster occurred. The Brother Jonathon, a paddle wheel steamer, sank off the coast of Northern California near Crescent City. 225 people died after the ship hit a rock near Crescent City. There were 19 survivors. The 220-foot, side-wheeled steamer was on route to Puget Sound and reportedly carried as much as $2 million in gold. In the 1990s Deep Sea Research found and salvaged 1,207 gold coins from the ship. California received 20% of the treasure and the rest was put up for auction in 1999.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brother_Jonathan_%28steamer%29)(SFC, 7/18/96, p.A18)(SFC, 6/10/97, p.A4)(SFC, 4/23/98, p.A6)(SFC, 5/28/99, p.D7)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A27)

1870        Jul 30, Clara Barton departed for field with the Red Cross following the French declaration of war against Prussia. In Basle Antoinette Margot (27) joined her as an aide and interpreter.
    (ON, 8/12, p.11)

1878        Jul 30, German anti-Semitism began during the Reichstag election.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1880        Jul 30, Robert Rutherford ("Colonel") McCormick, US, editor, publisher (Chicago Tribune), was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

c1889    Jul 30, Casey Stengel, New York Yankees manager who led his team to 10 World Series, was born.
    (HN, 7/30/98)
1889        Jul 30, Vladimir Zworykin, called the "Father of Television" for inventing the iconoscope, was born in Russia.
    (AP, 7/30/97)

1898        Jul 30, Henry Moore (d.1986), English sculptor, was born. In 1998 John Hedgecoe published “A Monumental Vision: The Sculpture of Henry Moore.”
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.9)(HN, 7/30/01)
1898        Jul 30, Otto von Bismarck (b.1815), German-Prussian statesman and former "Iron" chancellor (1871-1890), died. He held the German social security system as his greatest accomplishment. In 1986 Lothar Gall authored “Bismarck.” In 2011 Jonathan Steinberg authored “Bismarck: A Life.”
    (WUD, 1994, p.151)(WSJ, 6/23/07, p.P10)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.80)

1899        Jul 30, Gerald Moore, England, pianist (Am I Too Loud), was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1902        Jul 30, Anti-Jewish rioters attacked the funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph in NYC.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1908        Jul 30, An around the world automobile race ended in Paris. The American Thomas Speedway Flyer, was declared the winner over teams from Germany and Italy. In 1966 driver George Schuster authored “The Longest Auto Race.” The restored Flyer was later displayed at the National Automobile Museum in Reno, Nevada.
    (ON, 4/08, p.10)(AP, 7/30/08)

1909        Jul 30, C. Northcote Parkinson (d.1993), historian and author, was born. Author of Parkinson's Law: "Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion."
    (HN, 7/30/01)(AP, 3/10/02)

1916        Jul 30, German saboteurs blew up a munitions pier on Black Tom Island, Jersey City, NJ. 7 people were killed. Damages totaled about $20-25 million. After much legal maneuvering a commission in 1939 ruled that Germany was guilty of sabotaging Black Tom and another plant in Kingsland, NJ, and awarded$50 million to the claimants. In 1953 the new Federal Republic of Germany began making payments. The last payment was made in 1979.
    (AH, 10/04, p.36,77)

1912        Jul 30, Emperor Meiji died. Under Meiji the country had moved from a preindustrial state to a leading modern power. His son Yoshihito followed his father to the throne. With him the Meiji era ended officially and the Taisho era began.
    (WSJ, 8/30/00, p.A24)(www.artelino.com/articles/emperor_meiji.asp)

1918        Jul 30, Poet Joyce Kilmer (b.1886), a sergeant in the 165th U.S. Infantry Regiment, was killed during the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. Kilmer is perhaps best remembered for his poem "Trees."
    (AP, 7/30/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joyce_Kilmer)

1919        Jul 30, Federal troops were called out to put down Chicago race riots.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1924        Jul 30, William H. Gass, writer (Omensetter's Luck), was born.
    (HN, 7/30/01)

1928        Jul 30, George Eastman showed the 1st color motion pictures in the US. [see Jun 4, 1929]
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1932        Jul 30, The Summer Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles. The US won 41 gold medals, Italy was 2nd with less than a third of that. Bill Miller of Stanford won a gold medal in the pole vault when he cleared 14'-1 ¾". Later in the year he set a world record at 14'-1 7/8". Babe Didriksen (21) of Texas won 2 track gold medals and a silver.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.4)(AP, 7/30/97)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)

1935        Jul 30, The 1st Penguin book was published in England and started the paperback revolution. The sixpenny books made a 1st blow to the library system.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.E1)(MC, 7/30/02)(Econ, 5/1/04, p.59)

1940        Jul 30, Patricia Shroeder, Democratic congresswoman from Colorado, was born.
    (HN, 7/30/98)
1940        Jul 30, A bombing lull ended the first phase of the Battle of Britain.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1941        Jul 30, Paul Anka, singer and song-writer, was born in Ottawa. He later composed the song “My Way.”
    (G&M, 7/30/97, p.A24)

1942        Jul 30, President Roosevelt signed a bill creating a women's auxiliary agency in the Navy known as "Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service" or WAVES for short.
    (AP, 7/30/97)
1942        Jul 30, The US passenger-freighter Robert E. Lee with 268 passengers was sunk by the German U-166 submarine. 15 crew members and 10 passengers died. In 2001 wreckage of the U-166 was found in the Gulf of Mexico and it appeared that it was sunk by Coast Guard PC-566 right after the attack. U-166 had 52 crew members. [see Aug 1, 1942]
    (SFC, 6/9/01, p.A5)
1942        Jul 30, German SS einsatzgruppen death battalions killed 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1944        Jul 30, US 30th division reached the suburbs of St. Lo, Normandy.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1945        Jul 30, The USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. Only 317 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and shark-infested waters. [see Jul 29] In 2001 Doug Stanton authored "In Harm’s Way," an account of the sinking and trial of Capt. McVey. In 2001 the Navy exonerated the Indianapolis’ captain, Charles Butler McVay the Third, who was court-martialed and convicted for failing to evade the submarine that sank his ship.
    (AP, 7/30/97)(SFEC, 8/20/00, Par p.4)(WSJ, 4/6/01, p.W9)(AP, 7/29/01)

1946        Jul 30, Jeffrey Hammond-Hammond, rock bassist (Jethro Tull), was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1947        Jul 30, Arnold Schwarzenegger, 5x Mr. Universe and film star, was born in Thal bei Graz, Austria. In 2003 he was elected governor of California.
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, Par p.4)(Internet)

1949        Jul 30, British warship HMS Amethyst escaped down Yangtze River after having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1956        Jul 30, Anita Hill, professor of law, Clarence Thomas' nemesis, was born.
    (MC, 7/30/02)
1956        Jul 30, US motto "In God We Trust" was authorized.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1960        Jul 30, Over 60,000 Buddhists marched in protest against the Diem government in South Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1963        Jul 30, British spy Kim Philby was discovered in Moscow. Philby, writer for The Economist, who spent six years filing dispatches from the Middle East, was discovered to be a spy and defected to the Soviet Union.
    (WSJ, 6/6/95, p.A-14)(MC, 7/30/02)

1964        Jul 30, US Naval fired on Hon Ngu and Hon Mo in North Vietnam.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1965        Jul 30, President Johnson signed into law the Medicare bill, which went into effect the following year. John W. Gardner (d.2002), a member of Johnson’s cabinet, was responsible for starting Medicare. A statute required coverage of items that were reasonable and necessary.
    (AP, 7/30/97)(SFC, 2/18/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 7/16/03, p.A1)

1966        Jul 30, US airplanes bombed the demilitarized zone in Vietnam.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1967        Jul 30, General William Westmoreland claimed that he was winning the war in Vietnam but needed more men.
    (HN, 7/30/98)
1967        Jul 30, There was a race riot in Milwaukee and 4 people were killed.
    (MC, 7/30/02)
1967        Jul 30, Alfred Krupp (59), German industrialist, died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1968        Jul 30, In Gary, Indiana, policemen took aim at snipers after the third night of racial unrest. 64 people were taken into custody. Mayor Richard G. Hatcher, the first Negro mayor in a city with a Negro majority, said that he now believes that gangs realize they will not be allowed to use violence to get what they want.
    (www.project1968.com/july-28-august-3-1968.html)
1968        Jul 30, Saddam Hussein took charge of internal security services in Iraq.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

1970        Jul 30, George Szell (b.1897)), Hungarian-US conductor, died in Cleveland, Ohio. He had served as the music director of the Cleveland Orchestra since 1946.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Szell)

1971        Jul 30, US Apollo 15 with astronauts Scott and Irwin landed at Mare Imbrium on the Moon.
    (http://history.nasa.gov/SP-362/app.b.htm)
1971        Jul 30, In SF Officer Arthur O’Guinn was fatally shot while making a traffic stop. 2 people were caught and convicted of 2nd-degree murder. They were paroled in the late 1970s.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)
1971        Jul 30, A Japanese 727 collided with a jet fighter. 162 people were killed.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(www.airdisaster.com/features/top100/top100.shtml)

1974        Jul 30, The House Judiciary Committee voted down an article of impeachment against President Richard Nixon relating to demeaning his office by misconduct of personal financial affairs. In April, 1974, a congressional inquiry into possible tax fraud revealed that Nixon owed $476,531 in back taxes for the period 1969-72. He agreed to pay and no conclusion was drawn by the congress regarding fraud. The Judiciary Committee vote against the article of impeachment was 26-12. Article 3 of the impeachment was passed. Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. Peter Rodino presided over the impeachment hearings.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5doffx)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/impeachments/nixon.htm)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)
1974        Jul 30, The prime ministers of Greece and Turkey and the British Foreign Secretary signed a peace agreement to settle the Cyprus crisis.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/low/dates/stories/july/30/newsid_2492000/2492515.stm)

1975        Jul 30, Former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot of the Machus Red fox Restaurant in suburban Detroit. Although presumed dead, his remains have never been found. He was scheduled to meet with Mafia captain Tony Jack Giacalone (d.2001 at 82) and New Jersey Teamster boss Anthony Provenzano. In 2004 Charles Brandt authored “I Heard You Paint Houses,” in which he says Teamster official Frank Sheeran (d.2003) claimed to have shot Hoffa. Hoffa was declared legally dead in 1982.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(AP, 7/30/97)(SFC, 2/26/01, p.A24)(SFC, 5/29/04, p.A2)
1975        Jul 30, James Benjamin Blish (b.1921), sci-fi author (Star Trek Reader, Black Sunday), died. Blish also wrote criticism of science fiction using the pen-name William Atheling Jr.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Blish)
1975        Jul 30, Representatives of 35 countries convened in Finland for a conference on security and human rights that resulted in the Helsinki accords.
    (AP, 7/30/00)

1978        Jul 30, To celebrate the 80th birthday of sculptor Henry Moore (1898-1986), an exhibition of his work was held in London’s Hyde Park.
    (TL, 1988, p.119)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Moore)
1978        Jul 30, Tropical Storm Amelia formed in the western Gulf of Mexico near Brownsville, Texas. The storm moved over land, but continued to intensify to a 50 mph tropical storm. The storm dissipated over Texas on August 1. Flooding rains due to torrential rains exceeding 40 inches led to the deaths of 30 people in Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_Atlantic_hurricane_season#Tropical_Storm_Amelia)

1980        Jul 30, The Israeli Knesset passed a law reaffirming all of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish state.
    (AP, 7/30/00)
1980        Jul 30, The Pacific island of Vanuatu gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.worldstatesmen.org/Vanuatu.html)

1981        Jul 30, Senegalese troops aborted an attempt to overthrow the government of Gambia by a paramilitary field force. Pres. Jawara was restored to power.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A9n%C3%A9gambia_Confederation)

1983        Jul 30, Lynn Fontanne (b.1887), British-born stage and screen actress (Emmy 1965), died in Wisconsin.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynn_Fontanne)

1984        Jul 30, Holly Roffey (11 days old) received a heart transplant in England. She died on Aug 17.
    (www.camelotintl.com/365_days/july.html)
1984        Jul 30, The British tanker Alvenus spilled 2.8 million gallons of oil at Cameron, La.
    (http://ceprofs.tamu.edu/rhann/links/case.asp)

1985        Jul 30, Germaine Krull (b.1897), Polish born German photographer, died.
    (SFEM, 4/9/00, p.4)(www.kingkong.demon.co.uk/ngcoba/kr.htm)

1987        Jul 30, Former White House Chief of Staff Donald T. Regan told the Iran-Contra congressional committees he had repeatedly urged President Reagan to break off arms sales to Iran.
    (AP, 7/30/97)
1987        Jul 30, Microsoft acquired Forethought, the developer of PowerPoint, for $14 million. Microsoft created its own version 3 years later. Robert Gaskins had engaged Dennis Austin to do the initial programming for PowerPoint 1.0 for Macs.
    (Wired, 12/98, p.196)(WSJ, 6/20/07, p.B1)
1987        Jul 30, Some 50,000 Indian troops arrived in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, to disarm the Tamil Tigers and enforce a peace pact. After a time they began fighting the Tigers and in 1990 the government asked them to leave.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.40)

1988        Jul 30, Jordan's King Hussein dissolved his country's lower house of Parliament, half of whose 60 members were from the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Hussein renounced sovereignty over the West Bank to the PLO.
    (AP, 7/30/98)(http://tinyurl.com/ov6pf)

1989        Jul 30, In Lebanon, the pro-Iranian group Organization for the Oppressed on Earth threatened to kill an American hostage, Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins, unless Israel released Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid, a cleric seized by Israeli commandos.
    (AP, 7/30/99)

1990        Jul 30, George Steinbrenner was forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as principal partner of NY Yankees.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bjbgt)
1990        Jul 30, GM’s first Saturn car rolled off the line at Spring Hill, Tennessee. In the fall, GM introduced its all-new Saturn cars to compete against the imports in the small car market. Roger Smith, GM’s CEO, announced the secret Saturn project in 1985 in order to "leap-frog" the Japanese car makers.
    (www.gm.com/company/corp_info/history/gmhis1990.html)
1990        Jul 30, British Conservative Party lawmaker Ian Gow was killed in a bombing claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
    (AP, 7/30/00)
1990        Jul 30, In Monrovia, Liberia, soldiers opened fire on worshippers in church over 600 Gios and Manos were killed.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/liberia/army.htm)

1991        Jul 30, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev began their face-to-face meetings in Moscow.
    (AP, 7/30/01)

1992        Jul 30, At the Barcelona Summer Olympics, Shannon Miller won the silver medal in the women's all-around gymnastics event.
    (AP, 7/30/97)
1992        Jul 30, A TWA Lockheed L-1011 caught fire during takeoff from New York City's Kennedy International Airport; all 292 people aboard survived.
    (AP, 7/30/97)

1993        Jul 30, Bosnia's outgunned Muslim-led government abandoned its efforts to hold the region together, agreeing to a preliminary accord to divide the former Yugoslav republic into three ethnic states.
    (AP, 7/30/98)

1994        Jul 30, The first U.S. troops landed in the Rwandan capital of Kigali to secure the airport for an expanded international aid effort.
    (AP, 7/30/99)

1995        Jul 30, Russia and Chechen rebels signed an agreement calling for a gradual withdrawal of Russian troops and the disarmament of rebel fighters.
    (AP, 7/30/00)

1996        Jul 30, The U.S. Olympic softball team defeated China, 3-1, to win the gold medal.
    (AP, 7/30/97)
1996        Jul 30, A federal law enforcement source said security guard Richard Jewell had become a focus of the investigation into the bombing at Centennial Olympic Park. Jewell was later cleared as a suspect, and Eric Rudolph eventually pleaded guilty.
    (AP, 7/30/06)
1996        Jul 30, Claudette Colbert, actress in many classic films, died in Barbados at 92.
    (AP, 7/30/97)(WSJ, 7/31/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 30, The US lifted a 12-year ban on US citizens visits to Lebanon.
    (G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 30, Eighteen people, including two Americans, were killed in a landslide that swept one ski lodge onto another at the Thredbo Alpine Village in southeast Australia.
    (AP, 7/30/98)
1997        Jul 30, In Algeria it was reported that Muslim militants massacred over 80 villagers in recent attacks in apparent retaliation to a government offensive. 40 villagers were killed at Metmata village in Ain Defla province.
    (WSJ, 7/29/97, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)
1997        Jul 30, Two men bombed Jerusalem's most crowded outdoor market, killing themselves and 16 others. Following the suicide bombing in Israel that killed 15 people, 79 Palestinians were arrested.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A8)(AP, 7/30/98)
1997        Jul 30, In Sierra Leone Major Johnny Komora announced that elections for civilian rule would be held in Nov of 2001.
    (SFC, 8/1/97, p.A16)

1998        Jul 30, The US Post Office began selling a 40-cent breast cancer stamp. Eight cents from every stamp will go to breast cancer research sponsored by the NIH and the Dept. of Defense.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A1,14)(SFC, 7/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Jul 30, In California a scientific panel advised the state that diesel exhaust posed a serious cancer threat.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.A23)
1998        Jul 30, A group of 13 Ohio machinists stepped forward to claim the $295.7 million Powerball jackpot. The workers opted to take the cash option: one payment of about $161.5 million.
    (AP, 7/30/99)
1998        Jul 30, “Buffalo Bob” Smith, the cowboy-suited host of the Howdy Doody Show from 1947-1960, died at age 80 in Hendersonville [Flat Rock], N.C.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D7)(AP, 7/30/99)
1998        Jul 30, In France a Proteus Airlines Beechcraft collided with a Cessna off the west coast and 15 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A11)
1998        Jul 30, Japan's Parliament declared Keizo Obuchi the country's next prime minister.
    (AP, 7/30/99)(SFC, 9/21/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 30, In Serajevo Pres. Clinton pledged $700 million in aid in addition to $500 million for Kosovo as talks began to rebuild the Balkans.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A6)
1999        Jul 30, The US agreed to pay $4.5 million to the injured and families of the victims of the May 7 bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A6)
1999        Jul 30, Republicans pushed their $792 billion-dollar tax cut through the Senate.
    (AP, 7/30/00)
1999        Jul 30, Linda Tripp, whose secretly recorded 1997 phone conversations with Monica Lewinsky led to the impeachment of President Clinton, was charged in Maryland with illegal wiretapping. Prosecutors later dropped the charges.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/30/00)
1999        Jul 30, United Airlines agreed to offer domestic-partner benefits to employees and retirees worldwide following a 2-year legal struggle against the SF domestic-partners law.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A1)   
1999        Jul 30, The leaders of some 40 nations gathered in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, pledging to push economic and democratic reforms for the war-torn Balkans.
    (AP, 7/30/00)
1999        Jul 30, In Colombia a powerful car bomb exploded in Medellin outside an anti-kidnapping unit that had arrested 7 suspected members of FARC just hours earlier. At least 10 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A8)
1999        Jul 30, A Venezuelan airliner with 16 people went missing. Rebels on Aug 8 promised to free 14 passengers and crewmen. Colombian rebels freed 8 passengers Aug 9 and allowed the pilot and co-pilot to fly the plane back to Venezuela.
    (WSJ, 8/2/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/10/99, p.A1)

2000        Jul 30, In Tamil Nadu, India, film star Rajkumar and 3 companions were kidnapped by Veerappan and his gang. Veerappan was accused of killing at least 130 police officers and had eluded capture for 18 years. On Aug 6 the governments of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka agreed to met rebel the kidnapper’s demands.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)(SFC, 8/7/00, p.A14)
2000        Jul 30, In Kashmir a Pakistan-based rebel group opposed to a cease-fire attacked Indian security forces and killed at least 3 soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 30, In Kazakstan the last nuclear test facility was destroyed with a controlled detonation of 100 tons of explosives.
    (SFC, 7/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Jul 30, North and South Korea agreed to hold regular high-level talks and to re-open their suspended border liaisons to implement earlier agreements.
    (SFEC, 7/30/00, p.A2)
2000        Jul 30, In Venezuela national elections were scheduled. 56% of the populace turned out and endorsed Pres. Chavez to a 6-year term by a 59 to 37% margin over Francisco Arias. Chavez’s Fifth Republic Movement won 9 of 23 state governor races and a simple majority of the legislature. The new constitution gave voters the right to revoke the president’s mandate after 3 years by referendum.
    (SFC, 7/29/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/31/00, p.A12)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)

2001        Jul 30, Former Pres. Clinton opened his new office in Harlem.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 30, Intel rolled out its new Pentium III-M processor based on .13 micron chip technology.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.E3)
2001        Jul 30, In Alaska a sightseeing plane crashed near Glacier Bay National Park and all 6 people aboard were killed.
    (WSJ, 8/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 30, In Argentina the Senate passed a tough austerity package supported by Pres. de la Rua.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 30, It was reported that Bolivia’s Pres. Banzer would step down Aug 6 due to his cancer diagnosis.
    (WSJ, 7/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 30, In Canada medicinal use of marijuana became legal. The government grew the drug in an abandoned salt mine in Flin Flon, Manitoba, and sold it to authorized users at C$5 ($4.40) a gram.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A6)(Reuters, 11/13/06)
2001        Jul 30, In the West Bank 6 Palestinian Fatah activists were killed in an explosion near the Al-Fara refugee camp. Israeli helicopters soon after rocketed a weapons storage center in Gaza and at least 7 Palestinian police officers were wounded.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 7/30/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/31/01, p.A6)
2001        Jul 30, In Macedonia peace talks dragged into a 3rd day as rebels controlled part of Tetovo.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 30, In South Africa Catholic bishops denounced condoms as “immoral and misguided” weapons against AIDS.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A6)
2001        Jul 30, In Taiwan Typhoon Toraji left some 200 people dead.   
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)(AP, 7/30/06)
2001        Jul 30, Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe's ruling party won a special parliamentary election.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2002        Jul 30, WNBA player Lisa Leslie became the first woman to dunk in a professional game on a breakaway in the first half of the Los Angeles Sparks' 82-73 loss to the Miami Sol.
    (AP, 7/30/03)
2002        Jul 30, President Bush signed into law the most far-reaching government crackdown on business fraud since the Depression. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, named after sponsors Paul Sarbanes and Mike Oxley, was signed into law in response to corporate scandals. Its rules included the independence of corporate directors’ requirements for better internal monitoring. The law curbed stock option backdating by requiring prompt reporting of stock option grants. The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCOAB) was established as part of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. In 2006 the Free Enterprise Fund filed a suit claiming that the PCOAB is unconstitutional.
    (AP, 7/30/03)(WSJ, 7/22/03, p.B1)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.70)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A6)
2002        Jul 30, Expelled from Congress a week earlier, an unrepentant Ohio Democrat James A. Traficant Jr. was sentenced to eight years behind bars for corruption and made it clear he intended to run for re-election from his prison cell — and expected to win. He didn't. Traficant was released from prison in Rochester, Minnesota, on Sep 2, 2009.
    (AP, 7/30/03)(SFC, 9/3/09, p.A6)
2002        Jul 30, At Cape Cod, Mass. 46 pilot whales beached themselves a 2nd time one day after rescuers managed to return most of a pod back to sea. All the animals died.
    (SFC, 7/31/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 30, In Brazil the real fell 3.3% to 3.3 to the dollar, its 7th consecutive record low.
    (WSJ, 7/31/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 30, The leaders of Congo and Rwanda signed a peace agreement, proclaiming it a key step in efforts to end a war that has embroiled six African nations and left 2.5 million people dead.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, In Egypt a military court convicted 16 members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, mostly academics and professionals, on charges of conspiring against the government and sentenced them to up to five years in prison.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, In Guatemala City Pope John Paul II canonized his 463rd saint, Pedro de San Jose Betancur, a 17th century Spanish missionary and Central America's first saint.
    (SFC, 7/31/02, p.A2)(AP, 7/30/07)
2002        Jul 30, Rome decided to have the coins collected from the Trevi fountain every day and not just on Mondays. The next day Roberto Cercelletta (50), a self-described unemployed Roman resident, self-inflicted razor cuts on his stomach in a protest and asked if the money collected has really gone to the Catholic charity Caritas in past years.
    (AP, 7/31/02)
2002        Jul 30, Pope John Paul II began a three-day visit to Mexico to canonize Juan Diego, the first Indian saint. He arrived from Guatemala to a greeting by President Vicente Fox and tens of thousands of people lining Mexico City's streets.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, In the Philippines some 2,000 leftist protestors slammed a U.S.-led anti-terror exercise, ahead of a visit by Secretary of State Colin Powell for talks on combating terrorism.
    (Reuters, 7/30/02)
2002        Jul 30, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a central Jerusalem fast-food stand popular with police, wounding four Israelis. In the West Bank, gunmen killed two Israeli settlers who had entered a Palestinian village.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2003        Jul 30, President Bush took personal responsibility for the first time for using disputed intelligence in his State of the Union address, but predicted he would be vindicated for going to war against Iraq.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2003        Jul 30, Textile manufacturer Pillowtex filed for bankruptcy saying it will close 16 plants and sell its assets. 4,300 people in the Kannopolis, NC, area lost their jobs.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.30)
2003        Jul 30, Sam Phillips (b.1923), founder of Sun Records (1952), died in Memphis. Phillips produced Elvis Presley's 1st record.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A19)
2003        Jul 30, In Cambodia opposition parties said they would only form a coalition government if PM Hun Sen stepped down.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Jul 30, Guatemala's highest court cleared the way for former dictator Efrain Rios Montt to run for president.
    (AP, 7/30/03)
2003        Jul 30, In India Lal Bihari, president of the Association of the Living Dead, estimated 35,000 people in Uttar Pradesh state have been wrongly certified as dead. "We have knocked on doors of government officials and police. No one is ready to recognize us as living persons because revenue records declare us dead."
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Jul 30, Iraq's U.S.-picked interim government named its first president: Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a Shiite Muslim from the Daawa party banned by Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 7/30/04)(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1)
2003        Jul 30, The last Volkswagen Beetle was produced in Puebla, Mexico. The first Beetles had arrived in 1956. Mexico had begun producing its own version of the Beetle in 1964.
    (WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/14/08, p.A10)

2004        Jul 30, Mike Tyson was knocked out in the fourth round of a fight in Louisville, Ky., by British heavyweight Danny Williams.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2004        Jul 30, Leaders of the Sept. 11 commission urged US senators to embrace their proposals for massive changes to the nation's intelligence structure.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2004        Jul 30, Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry plunged into the general election and embarked on a coast-to-coast campaign swing through 21 states.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2004        Jul 30, Abdurahman Alamoudi pleaded guilty in a Virginia court to moving cash from Libya and involvement in a Libyan plot to assassinate Saudi Prince Abdullah.
    (SFC, 7/31/04, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Rahman_al-Amoudi)
2004        Jul 30, In NYC Joseph Massino, a Bonanno crime boss, was convicted of orchestrating murder, racketeering, arson and extortion over the last 25 years.
    (SFC, 7/31/04, p.A2)
2004        Jul 30, Scientists reported the creation of synthetic prions and showed they could replicate without genetic material and cause brain disease in laboratory animals.
    (SFC, 7/30/04, p.A3)
2004        Jul 30, A new Austrian postage stamp featuring a likeness of California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger went on sale on his birthday.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2004        Jul 30, In Belgium a major natural gas pipeline exploded in Ath, killing 16 people and injuring 120, including firefighters and police responding to a report of a leak.
    (AP, 7/30/04)(WSJ, 8/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 30, In Colombia Maria Elena Rios (25) was shot to death in the head and back in a hillside slum of Medellin. An internal army investigation absolved Capt. Jhon Jairo Cano and four soldiers of any wrongdoing. The investigation was reopened in 2007 along with 130 other investigations of killings of civilians presented as deaths of leftist rebels in action, as the US Congress refuses to ratify a bilateral trade pact over concerns about human rights in Colombia.
    (AP, 6/10/07)
2004        Jul 30, In Iraq fierce overnight fighting between U.S. Marines backed by fighter aircraft and insurgents using small arms and mortars killed 13 Iraqis in Fallujah overnight.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2004        Jul 30, Parties to Ivory Coast's moribund peace process committed themselves again to knitting their civil-war divided country back together, setting new target dates for implementation of their peace deal at a summit in Ghana.
    (AP, 7/31/04)
2004        Jul 30, A small bomb exploded in Faisalabad, an industrial city of eastern Pakistan, wounding 18 people, mostly children.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2004        Jul 30, In Pakistan an attack on Shaukat Aziz, the prime minister designate, was a response to Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf's transferring wanted militants to U.S. custody. 7 people were killed plus the suicide bomber. In 2005 police arrested 3 brothers for harboring suicide bombers, who made the attack on Aziz that left 9 bystanders dead.
    (AP, 7/31/04)(AP, 1/18/05)
2004        Jul 30, Turkish authorities seized 200 pounds of plastic explosives hidden in a truck as it crossed into Turkey from Iraq.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2004        Jul 30, In Uzbekistan suicide bombers hit the U.S. and Israeli embassies, killing at least two Uzbeks.
    (AP, 7/30/04)
2004        Jul 30, A Venezuelan judge ordered the arrests of 59 former military officers on suspicion of plotting against President Hugo Chavez's government.
    (AP, 7/31/04)

2005        Jul 30, President Bush was pronounced "fit for duty" after a checkup that showed that the 59-year-old commander in chief, an avid mountain bike rider, had lost eight pounds since his last physical exam in December 2004.
    (AP, 7/30/06)
2005        Jul 30, Rep. William Jefferson, D-La., received $100,000 at the Ritz-Carlton in Arlington, Virginia, to use for bribing Abubakar Atiku, vice-president of Nigeria. Vernon Jackson, a Kentucky businessman, later admitted to paying over $400,000 in bribes to secure deals for his telecommunications company in Nigeria and other African countries. Documents released in 2005 said an FBI informant recorded a video of the transaction.
    (SFC, 5/22/06, p.A3)
2005        Jul 30, In central Afghanistan thousands of rockets, mortars and anti-aircraft ammunition have been seized in the largest cache of militant weapons discovered in months.
    (AP, 7/31/05)
2005        Jul 30, In England Anthony Walker (18), a black teenager who was followed late July 29 through a Liverpool park by a group of men shouting racist taunts, died after an attacker embedded an ax in his skull.
    (AP, 7/31/05)
2005        Jul 30, The death toll in China from a mysterious pig-borne disease continued to rise, with several more cities affected. Sichuan province in southwestern China has launched a campaign to educate poor, illiterate farmers not to slaughter sick pigs or eat their meat after an outbreak of swine flu hit about 100 villages and killed at least 34 people.
    (Reuters, AFP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, In southern China a brick wall collapsed at a festival, killing seven people and injuring 22. The wall fell during the opening ceremony of an annual "torch festival" celebrated by the Yi ethnic minority in Yunnan province's Yuanyang county.
    (AP, 7/31/05)
2005        Jul 30, Leaders of a Colombian right-wing paramilitary faction, believed to be one of the most heavily involved in drug trafficking, demobilized their troops and said they wanted to form a political party. Nearly 700 fighters in the "Southern Liberators" unit of the paramilitary United Self-Defense Forces turned in their weapons at a ceremony in Tamiango.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, The CzechTek rave, attended by some 5000 fans, was broken up by some 1000 riot police.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.44)(http://czechtek.muzika.cz/)
2005        Jul 30, In Egypt police and government supporters beat pro-reform activists with batons, sometimes kicking them as they on lay the ground, during a protest against President Hosni Mubarak's announcement that he would run for re-election for a fifth time.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, Wim Duisenberg (b.1935), Dutch-born first chief of the European Central Bank who helped create the euro currency, was found dead at a home in Faucon, France.
    (AP, 7/31/05)
2005        Jul 30, In India the discovery of more bodies pushed the death toll from this week's monsoon floods in Bombay to more than 850. Officials warned it will likely rise to around 1,000.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, In southern Iraq 2 British contractors guarding a consulate convoy were killed by a roadside bomb. A car bomb exploded near the National Theater in Baghdad, killing 5 people, including 3 policemen. Assailants in military garb tried to assassinate a prominent Sunni Arab leader. 5 US soldiers were killed by roadside bombs in two separate incidents in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/30/05)(AP, 7/31/05)
2005        Jul 30, In Kashmir militants holed up in buildings on a busy street in Srinagar fired at security forces during a raid.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, Maoist guerrillas in eastern Nepal kidnapped seven civil servants.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, A Russian oil tanker slammed into a St. Petersburg bridge, leaking diesel oil into the Neva River.
    (AP, 7/30/05)
2005        Jul 30, A Russia newspaper reported that a strain of bird flu harmful to humans has been found in an outbreak of the disease in Siberia. The administration of Novosibirsk ordered the slaughter of 65,000 domestic fowl in 14 villages.
    (AP, 7/30/05)(WSJ, 8/2/05, p.A9)

2006        Jul 30, Murray Bookchin (b.1921), American anarchist and libertarian socialist, died in Vermont. Bookchin initiated the critical theory of social ecology within anarchist, libertarian socialist, and ecological thought. His books included “Post-Scarcity Anarchism” (1971) and “The Ecology of Freedom: The Emergence and Dissolution of Hierarchy” (1982).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murray_Bookchin)
2006        Jul 30, Afghan and coalition forces killed 23 Taliban militants in clashes in Helmand province's Garmser district.
    (AFP, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 30, In Bahrain 16 Indian workers died when a fire broke out in the building where they lived in the capital Manama. The six-storey building housed some 300 workers, mostly Indians, working for a contracting company.
    (AFP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 30, It was reported that China had lowered the estimated number of HIV/AIDS infected people from 840,000 to 650,000.
    (SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A17)
2006        Jul 30, Congolese voted in their first democratic election in more than four decades. Incumbent President Joseph Kabila later won a runoff.
    (AP, 7/30/06)(AP, 7/30/07)
2006        Jul 30, Afghan soldiers and police killed six Taliban fighters and captured eight during a clash in southeastern Paktika province's Waza Khwa district. A suspected Taliban died when a land mine he was planting north of Kandahar city exploded.
    (AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 30, In India at least 8 people died during heavy monsoon rains at the weekend and more than 25,000 were evacuated in the western state of Gujarat.
    (AFP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 30, In Iraq gunmen killed at least 23 pilgrims on their way to Najaf. A car bomb in Kirkuk killed 6 people and wounded 17.
    (SFC, 7/31/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 30, Israeli missiles hit several buildings in Qana, a southern Lebanon village, as people slept, killing 29, mostly children, in the deadliest attack in 19 days of fighting. Israeli PM Ehud Olmert expressed "great sorrow" for the airstrikes but blamed Hezbollah guerrillas for using the area to launch rockets at Israel. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan called an emergency meeting of the Security Council. Israel suspended air attacks on south Lebanon for 48 hours in the face of widespread outrage over the airstrike.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(AP, 7/30/07)
2006        Jul 30, In Indian Kashmir 6 people were killed in shootings and 10 wounded in a grenade attack on a bus carrying Hindu pilgrims.
    (AFP, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 30, Residents on the tiny island nation of Sao Tome and Principe off West Africa voted for a new president.
    (AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 30, The first commercial flight in a decade departed Mogadishu’s newly reopened international airport, demonstrating how Islamic militants have pacified the once-anarchic capital and much of southern Somalia.
    (AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jul 30, The Seychelles held presidential elections. External debt was reported to be $590 million for the population of 82,000 people.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.40)
2006        Jul 30, Sunbathers on a beach in Spain's Canary Islands came to the aid of 88 African migrants whose boat ran aground, giving them food, water and blankets after their dangerous trip in search of a new life.
    (AP, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 30, Duygu Asena (60), a best-selling writer and crusader for women's rights in Turkey, died after a two-year battle with a brain tumor. In 1978 she founded the first women's magazine in Turkey. Asena was the first Turkish writer to explore such topics as women's rights, sexuality and wife-beating. Her 1987 book “Woman Has No Name" broke sales records when it was printed, but was soon banned by the government which found it to be too lewd and obscene. The ban was lifted after a two-year court battle. A film adaptation of the book broke box office records in Turkey.
    (AP, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 30, In eastern Uganda a minibus that was speeding collided with a fuel truck killing 30 people.
    (AP, 7/31/06)

2007        Jul 30, US President George W. Bush and Britain’s PM Gordon Brown held talks. Brown hoped to secure support for a Darfur peace deal and movement on stalled world trade talks. Bush and PM Brown, meeting at Camp David, forged a unified stand on Iraq.
    (AP, 7/30/07)(AP, 7/30/08)
2007        Jul 30, Jinzhou Chang (24), a Contra Costa college student, was shot and killed in El Cerrito, Ca., while helping his immigrant father make repairs at an apartment complex. Three 17-year-old boys were soon arrested and faced robbery and murder charges.
    (SFC, 8/9/07, p.B5)
2007        Jul 30, Bill Walsh (b.1931), former head coach of the SF 49ers football team, died at his Woodside home following a long battle with leukemia.
    (AP, 7/31/07)
2007        Jul 30, A 2nd South Korean hostage was slain by the Taliban in central Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2007        Jul 30, Bangladesh's High Court suspended former PM Sheikh Hasina's extortion trial and ordered her released on bail.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, A raging forest fire has destroyed thousands of acres of woodland on Spain's Gran Canaria island and forced the evacuation of more than 2,000 people.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, China tightened credit in a new effort to cool its sizzling economy, ordering banks to shrink the pool of money for lending by increasing their reserves for a sixth time this year.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, China’s state media said floods, landslides and mud flows triggered by torrential rains have killed 652 people in China so far this year, with more heavy rains in the forecast.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, A UN investigator said extreme sexual violence against women is pervasive in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and local authorities do little to stop it or prosecute those responsible.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, Egyptian police clashed with Bedouins protesting a government order to demolish their houses along the Palestinian Gaza Strip's border, leaving dozens injured. Egyptian media have reported a government plan to force the Bedouins from a 500-foot-wide band of land along the border to prevent traffickers from digging tunnels used to smuggle weapons and people into Gaza.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, The European Commission said it was seeking a court injunction against Polish plans to build a key continental highway to prevent permanent damage to the Rospuda Valley, a "unique environmental site."
    (AFP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, It was reported that India’s Maharashtra state government has banned domesticated elephants from Mumbai, India's largest city, saying that forcing the animals to walk the city's chaotic, crowded and polluted streets was an act of cruelty. The ban took effect last week.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, UN inspectors visited a nuclear reactor being built in central Iran, a facility that has been off-limits since April. Iran's foreign ministry spokesman criticized a US plan to sell state-of-the-art weapons to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, Ayatollah Ali Meshkini (85), a founding member of Iran's Islamic regime and leader of an important government assembly, died.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, A minibus exploded in a Baghdad market, killing at least six people. Relief agencies said about 8 million Iraqis, nearly a third of the population, need immediate emergency aid because of the humanitarian crisis caused by the Iraq war. A US Marine was killed in combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/30/07)(AP, 7/31/07)
2007        Jul 30, An Israeli parliamentary committee voted unanimously to revoke the privileges of disgraced former president Moshe Katsav, who signed a plea bargain in June admitting he sexually harassed several female employees. An Israeli aircraft attacked a car carrying Palestinian militants, wounding two members of Islamic Jihad and the Gaza commander of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, Michelangelo Antonioni (b.1912), film director, died (94). He was one of Italy's most influential post-war film directors whose portrayals of modern angst and alienation won him a cult following. His films included the Oscar-nominated "Blowup," "Zabriskie Point" and the internationally acclaimed "L'Avventura" (The Adventure).
    (Reuters, 7/31/07)
2007        Jul 30, Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe rejected calls for his resignation, saying the country couldn't afford the resulting "power vacuum."
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, In northern Lebanon the army unleashed tank and artillery fire on the remaining hideouts of al-Qaida-inspired militants holed up in a Palestinian refugee camp.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, The Mexican Miners and Metalworkers Union (SNTMMRM) struck Grupo Mexico to demand wage increases and improved safety conditions. Striking workers occupied the Cananea copper mine in the northern state of Sonora and continued into 2010.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.59)(www.reuters.com/article/idUSN1819816120100218)
2007        Jul 30, The body of Luis Lazaro Lara Morejon, a Cuban-American who was under investigation in a migrant smuggling case, was found riddled with bullets along a road outside Cancun, Mexico.
    (AP, 7/31/07)
2007        Jul 30, In Pakistan 3 paramilitary soldiers and four civilians died in militant attacks in the North Waziristan tribal region.
    (Reuters, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, In the Philippines southeast Asian foreign ministers agreed to set up a regional human rights commission, overcoming fierce resistance from military-ruled Myanmar. Myanmar agreed not to veto discussion over the human rights commission at a November summit. 
    (AP, 7/30/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.36)
2007        Jul 30, Patriarch Teoctist (b.1915), head of the Romanian Orthodox Church, died in Bucharest, He made history when he invited the late John Paul II to his Orthodox country in 1999 but was criticized for being too close to former Communists.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, In Somalia insurgents attacked government buildings in Mogadishu, starting a gunbattle with troops that killed at least 4 people, including a four-year-old child. In the central town of Belet Weyne, two children and their father were killed when Ethiopian troops fired artillery shells into a residential area after a land mine exploded near their convoy. A land mine exploded near a bus in southern Mogadishu, killing 5 on board and wounding 3 others.
    (AP, 7/31/07)(AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Jul 30, Officials said at least 19 people have been killed and hundreds of homes destroyed by a series of forest fires which have swept through parts of northeastern South Africa.
    (AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 30, Ingmar Bergman (b.1918), Swedish film and stage director, died. The iconoclastic filmmaker was widely regarded as one of the great masters of modern cinema. His 1987 autobiography was titled "The Magic Lantern."
    (AP, 7/30/07)

2008        Jul 30, President Bush signed a massive housing bill intended to provide mortgage relief for 400,000 struggling homeowners and stabilize financial markets. Bush also signed an executive order updating the authority of the national intelligence director.
    (AP, 7/30/08)(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 30, President George W. Bush signed legislation repealing a rule that prevented HIV-infected immigrants, students and tourists from receiving US visas without special waivers. Bush also signed an act reauthorizing PEPFAR, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. It will provide $39 billion to be spent on AIDS over the next 5 years, up from $15 billion for the past 5 years.
    (AP, 8/5/08)(www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/hivaids/)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.75)
2008        Jul 30, The NY Times reported that  a top Central Intelligence Agency official has traveled to Islamabad and confronted senior officials with evidence of ties between Pakistan's spy agency and militants operating in that country's tribal areas.
    (Reuters, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, US federal health officials said the salmonella strain linked to a nationwide outbreak has been found in irrigation water and in a sample from a batch of serrano peppers at a Mexican farm in Nuevo Leon. Mexico's Agriculture Department rejected the FDA's conclusion saying "The farm unit in question ended its harvest more than a month ago, so the sample they say they have lacks scientific validity" because the sample "was taken recently from a tank holding rain water that was not used in production."
    (AP, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 30, In SF Mayor Gavin Newsom signed into law a $6.5 billion city budget.
    (SFC, 7/31/08, p.B1)
2008        Jul 30, Nicholas Corozzo (68), New York City mob captain, pleaded guilty to racketeering and 2 murders in 1996. In 2009 he was sentenced to 13 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cz7tj8)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A10)
2008        Jul 30, In Afghanistan Insurgents and a roadside blast killed five Afghan policemen.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Aborigines won traditional ownership rights over a large stretch of coastline in northern Australia, in a landmark ruling lawyers said could set a precedent in other parts of the country.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic sat in a UN jail cell after being flown to the Netherlands in the dead of night to face charges of genocide against Muslims and Croats during the Balkan wars of the 1990s.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Media watchdog Ofcom fined the BBC 400,000 pounds, the largest financial penalty it has ever issued against the public broadcaster, for misleading the public through fake quizzes and competitions.
    (Reuters, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, In Canada Tim McLean (22), sleeping on a Greyhound bus was killed and decapitated by his seatmate, Vince Weiguang Li (40), as the bus rolled across the Canadian Prairies in Manitoba. On march 5, 2009, a judge ruled that Li would not be judged criminally responsible due to mental illness.
    (Reuters, 7/31/08)(AP, 8/1/08)(AP, 3/5/09)
2008        Jul 30, A human rights group said Chinese authorities have sent Liu Shaokun to a labor camp for a year. He had posted pictures of collapsed schools on the Internet and was detained last June for allegedly “seriously disturbing social order.” And disrupting post-quake reconstruction efforts.
    (WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A7)
2008        Jul 30, The UN Security Council voted to end an 8-year-long peacekeeping mission between Eritrea and Ethiopia despite continuing tensions, a move that the United Nations' chief has warned could lead to a new war.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Germany's highest court partially overturned bans on smoking in bars, ruling that states must either ban smoking in all restaurants and pubs or offer exceptions for single-room establishments.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, In the troubled Russian republic of Ingushetia a car bomb exploded outside the regional police headquarters morning, killing at least two police.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Nearly 50,000 Iraqi police and soldiers were involved in a US-backed operation against al-Qaida in Iraq in one of its last major strongholds near the capital. A roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing at least one Iraqi soldier and wounding seven other people.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Israel’s PM Ehud Olmert announced he would step down after his Kadima Party's leadership race in September, called because of a series of corruption allegations against him.
    (AP, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 30, In Lebanon gunmen attacked a Lebanese military post in the country's east, killing one soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Mexican police captured Ever Villafane Martinez, a Colombian cartel operative who represented Colombia's Norte del Valle drug cartel in dealings with Mexico's Beltran Leyva gang. He had escaped from a Colombian prison in 2001 and was wanted on drug charges in the US.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
2008        Jul 30, Morocco's King Mohammed VI condemned Algeria's continuing closure of their common border, despite repeated calls by Rabat for it to be reopened. Algiers has set a global settlement of the conflict in Western Sahara as a precondition for reopening the border, which it closed in 1994 after Morocco claimed Algerian secret service agents were behind an Islamist extremist attack in Marrakesh.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, Nigerian security officials said rival militant factions in Nigeria's oil-producing Niger Delta have clashed in an apparent turf war, killing at least four people.
    (Reuters, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, The UN said hunger in North Korea is at its worst since the 1990s, prompting the resumption of emergency UN food shipments after a two-year hiatus.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 30, In Pakistan fierce fighting erupted in the restive Swat valley, killing 25 militants and four soldiers and undermining the government's strategy of offering peace deals to pro-Taliban insurgents. Sher Ali, an insurgent commander known as Mullah Toor, was killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/30/08)(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 30, The papal nuncio said Paraguay's president-elect Fernando Lugo (57) has received unprecedented permission from the pope to resign as bishop, ending a dispute over his priestly status.
    (AP, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 30, Alexander Tsygankov, a Russian oil executive detained in Libya since last November, was freed, hours before Russian PM Vladimir Putin was due to host the country's prime minister.
    (Reuters, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 30, Saudi Arabia's Islamic religious police banned the sale dogs and cats as pets, as well as walking them in public due to “the rising of phenomenon of men using cats and dogs to make passes at women and pester families" as well as "violating proper behavior in public squares and malls."
    (AP, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 30, Sri Lankan war planes bombed a suspected Tiger base in the north. The army launched a wave of attacks against Tamil Tiger separatists in the north, sparking battles that killed 24 rebels and one soldier.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)(AP, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 30, Turkey’s high court narrowly voted against disbanding the ruling Justice and Development Party, but cut off millions of dollars in state aid to the Islamic-oriented party.
    (SFC, 7/31/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 30, Zimbabwe’s reserve bank said it will drop 10 zeros from its hyper-inflated currency — turning 10 billion dollars into one. President Robert Mugabe threatened a state of emergency if businesses profiteer from the country's economic and political unraveling. Inflation this summer reached an absurd 231 million percent.
    (AP, 7/30/08)(Econ, 4/27/13, p.71)

2009        Jul 30, A US federal judge ordered the release of Mohammed Jawad, a Guantanamo Bay detainee accused of attacking US troops with a grenade on December 17, 2002. American authorities claimed he was at least 16-years old at the time of his arrest, but it later emerged he may have been as young as 12-years old.
    (SFC, 7/31/09, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Jawad)
2009        Jul 30, Bill Leigon, president of Hahn Family Wines in Soledad, Calif., said that visits to the company's Web site have increased tenfold since news of an Alabama ban on his Cycles Gladiator wine broke late last week. Callers from across the country have been asking where they can buy the wine. It was reported that the Alabama Alcoholic Beverage Control Board had recently told stores and restaurants to quit serving Cycles Gladiator wine because of a label that features a nude nymph. The wine's label is copied from an 1895 French advertising poster for Cycles Gladiator bicycles. It shows a side view of a full-bodied nymph flying alongside a winged bicycle.
    (AP, 7/31/09)
2009        Jul 30, The Taliban urged Afghans to stay away from the Aug. 20 elections, dismissing the balloting as an "American process" and threatening to block roads to polling stations. In western Afghanistan a Taliban ambush on a NATO convoy left nine insurgents and a policeman dead. A Taliban unit ambushed a convoy of electoral material in Farah province. Insurgents killed four Afghan soldiers in the gunbattle but the ballots and other voting material were retrieved.
    (AP, 7/30/09)(AP, 7/31/09)
2009        Jul 30, In China nearly a thousand villagers gathered at government and police offices in Zhentou township in Hunan province to highlight what they say is deadly pollution being discharged from the Xianghe Chemical Factory in nearby Liuyang city.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Jul 30, A Hamburg court ordered a German publisher to pay Sweden's Princess Madeleine euro400,000 ($560,000) in damages for fabricating stories about her. Sonnenverlag GmbH & Co KG magazines had carried false reports about the 27-year-old princess being engaged and pregnant, among other things. Sonnenverlag's parent company, Baden-Baden based KLAMBT media group, confirmed the ruling.
    (AP, 7/31/09)
2009        Jul 30, In Honduras Roger Vallejo (38), a high school teacher in the capital of Tegucigalpa, was wounded as thousands of Zelaya supporters blocked a highway and clashed with security forces. Vallejo died of his wounds on Aug 1.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Jul 30, Iranian police fired tear gas and beat anti-government protesters with batons to disperse thousands attending a graveside memorial for victims of post-election violence.
    (AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, In Iraq a bomb blast in a building used by a Sunni-backed political group in Iraq's Diyala province killed at least seven people. Government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh confirmed that seven people were killed when Iraqi forces seized control of the Iranian Camp Ashraf on July 28. The government said it will change the name of the camp to New Iraqi Camp to remove the Iranian reference. The camp was originally named for one of the founders of the People's Mujahedeen, Ashraf Rajavi.
    (AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, Italy approved the use of the abortion drug RU-486, drawing fierce protests by the Vatican. The Italian Drug Agency ruled that the drug cannot be sold in drug stores but can only be administered by doctors in a hospital.
    (AP, 7/31/09)
2009        Jul 30, Japanese astronaut Koichi Wakata described his test of new underwear, called J-Wear, as the shuttle Endeavour prepared to come home after over 2 weeks aloft. Wakata tested the high-tech underwear for a month at a time during his 4½ months aboard the ISS.
    (SFC, 7/31/09, p.A9)
2009        Jul 30, A Libyan officials said Libya and Canada have signed a memorandum of intent on nuclear power. Since July 2007, Libya has signed three similar agreements with France, Russia and Ukraine.
    (AFP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, North Korea's military seized four South Korean fishermen after their boat strayed into North Korean waters. The fishermen were released on Aug 29.
    (AP, 7/31/09)(AP, 8/29/09)
2009        Jul 30, In northern Nigeria security forces hunted door-to-door for Islamic militants after killing more than 100 of them by storming the sect's compound. A top rights group said innocent people were getting executed in the process. Mohammed Yusuf (39), the leader of the Boko Haram movement, was shot dead while in police detention. In February, 2011, seven suspects accused of killing Yusuf were arraigned in a federal court. Abubakar Shekau took over Boko Haram following the death of Yusuf.
    (AP, 7/30/09)(Reuters, 7/31/09)(AP, 7/19/11)(Econ, 9/5/15, p.54)
2009        Jul 30, On the Spanish island of Majorca 2 civil guard officers were killed when their booby-trapped car exploded near a barracks.
    (AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, South African President Jacob Zuma accepted "very substantial damages" from Britain's Guardian newspaper over an article that wrongly suggested he was a rapist.
    (AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, The UN Security Council unanimously extended the mandate for the joint UN-African Union peacekeeping mission which has been slowly deploying in Sudan's conflict-torn Darfur region.
    (Reuters, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, Venezuela's top prosecutor, Attorney General Luisa Ortega, insisted that freedom of expression in Venezuela "must be limited" and proposed legislation that would slap additional restrictions on the country's news media.
    (AP, 7/30/09)
2009        Jul 30, Zimbabwe’s Daily News, a popular newspaper banned nearly six years ago, won a new license to resume printing. It was renowned for its willingness to criticize Pres. Robert Mugabe. CNN said Zimbabwe agreed last week to allow it to resume working in the country.
    (AFP, 7/31/09)
2009        Jul 30, Zimbabwe's health minister said a cholera epidemic has ended, after more than 4,200 deaths and 100,000 cases since last August, but warned new outbreaks remain a threat.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

2010        Jul 30, It was reported that Walt Disney Co. has agreed to sell Miramax, the studio behind such films as "Trainspotting" and "No Country for Old Men," for more than $660 million to Filmyard Holdings LLC, ending months of talks between the media group and a star-studded cast of bidders.
    (Reuters, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Arizona 3 convicted murderers escaped from a private prison. Daniel Renwick (36) was caught on Aug 1. Terry Province (42) and John McCluskey (45) remained at large. On Aug 4, the burned remains of Linda and Gary Haas (61) were found in a charred camper in Santa Rosa, New Mexico. Province and McCluskey were linked to their killing as was Casslyn Welch (44), a woman who helped them escape. Province was captured on Aug 9 in Meeteetse, Wyoming. On Jan 20, 2012, Province and Welch agreed to plead guilty to charges of carjacking resulting in death, conspiracy and other charges.
    (SFC, 8/2/10, p.A5)(SSFC, 8/8/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A5)(SFC, 1/21/12, p.A4)
2010        Jul 30, Patrick Joseph McCabe (74), a former Catholic priest, surrendered to US authorities in Alameda, Ca.. They sought to extradite him to Ireland to face sexual assault charges dating back from 1973-1981. On June 5, 2011, McCabe was handed over to Ireland’s national police service.
    (SFC, 8/11/10, p.A1)(SFC, 6/8/11, p.C4)
2010        Jul 30, Louisiana’s Department of Wildlife and Fisheries said "commercial fishing will reopen for finfish and shrimp in portions of state waters east of the Mississippi River."
    (AFP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Oakland, Ca., a US District judge sentence Peter C. Son (38) of Danville to 15 years in federal prison for defrauding some 500 investors of $62 million in a Ponzi scheme from 2003-2008. His partner, Jin K. Chung (46) of Los Altos, was yet to be charged in criminal court.
    (SFC, 7/31/10, p.C1)
2010        Jul 30, In Afghanistan an SUV, driven by US contract employees, was involved in a traffic accident. One Afghan died in the wreck and rioting followed. Kabul police later said the Afghan driver had caused the accident. A US service member died following an insurgent attack and two others were killed in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan. British and Afghan troops launched a new offensive in the Sayedebad area of Helmand to try to deny insurgents a base from which to launch attacks in Nad Ali and Marjah. 4 Afghan civilians were killed and 3 were injured when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in Zabul province of southern Afghanistan. When police arrived at the scene, Taliban fighters opened fire. One insurgent was killed. In Kandahar, a candidate in September's parliamentary election escaped assassination when a bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded. A woman and a child were killed and another child was wounded.
    (AP, 7/30/10)(SFC, 8/2/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 30, The Australian government committed to expanding its fiber broadband Internet network to a further 300,000 homes across the vast island continent if re-elected at next month's polls.
    (AFP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, Chilean Foreign Minister Alfredo Moreno said his nation's ambassador would return to Honduras, but did not specify when.
    (AP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 30, It was reported that China has overtaken Japan to become the world's second-largest economy.
    (Reuters, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In eastern CongoDRC rebels from the Mai Mai militia and Rwandan Hutu FDLR occupied Luvungi town, North Kivu, one day after beginning an attack there. Over the next 4 days they gang-raped scores of women. The rebels withdrew voluntarily on Aug 4. Later reports said there were over 500 systematic rapes.
    (AP, 8/23/10)(Reuters, 9/1/10)(AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Jul 30, In India separatist rebels triggered a land mine that killed at least five paramilitary soldiers and wounded 41 others in the remote northeastern state of Assam.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers fired on thousands of demonstrators, killing three men and wounding at least 80 others as protests against Indian rule spread across the disputed region.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, Iran said it was ready for immediate talks with the US, Russia and France over an exchange of nuclear fuel and added that it was also against stockpiling higher enriched uranium.
    (AFP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In northeastern Iran an earthquake injured 274 people. A slightly stronger tremor struck central Iran the next day.
    (Reuters, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Iraq the head of a five-member family was killed when a roadside bomb hit the car in which they were traveling. He was a local leader of a government-backed Sunni armed group known as an Awakening Council. The man, his wife and three children, two boys and a 4-year-old girl, were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 30, The leaders of Syria and Saudi Arabia, once bitter rivals, made an unprecedented show of cooperation, traveling together to Lebanon in hopes of preventing any violence if members of a militant group are indicted in the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri. Saudi Arabia, which was close to the slain premier, holds sway with Lebanon's ruling alliance led by his son Saad, while Syria and Iran support a rival camp led by Hezbollah.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, Liberia's government, still recovering from a 14-year civil war and previous decades of poverty and illiteracy, said it will now require all children to get birth certificates, a document most of them lack.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Mexico Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi signed a four-year cooperation accord with Mexico aimed at boosting political and economic ties.
    (AP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Myanmar official talks between North Korea and Myanmar entered a second day. The US said it is carefully watching the budding secretive relationship between the 2 countries for signs of nuclear cooperation.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Pakistan the death toll from three days of flooding reached at least 430, as rains bloated rivers, submerged villages, and triggered landslides.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, Gaza militants fired a rocket into the Israeli city of Ashkelon, a rare strike in a period of relative quiet.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Panama William Dathan Holbert, a jailed US man, admitted killing five other Americans so he could take over their businesses and other properties in a Panamanian resort area. Laura Michelle Reese, his wife, refused to talk. Holbert said his first killings in Panama occurred about three years ago, when he fatally shot a US citizen named Mike Brown, his wife and small son in the head.
    (AP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 30, In Russia the Nashi movement, a Kremlin-backed youth organization, welcomed the resignation of Ella Pamfilova, President Dmitry Medvedev's human rights adviser. The group had threatened her with a libel suit for her harsh criticism. The Russian opposition has claimed Nashi activists have assaulted and intimidated its leaders.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, Forest fires swept across central Russia, killing at least 25 people and forcing the evacuation of thousands during the hottest summer since records began 130 years ago.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, A UN panel of experts called on Israel to fall in line with international norms on civil rights and to take action against targeted killings, torture and impunity for security forces.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, The UN Security Council extended the stay of peacekeepers in Sudan's western Darfur region by another year, telling the force to focus primarily on protecting civilians and aid deliveries.
    (Reuters, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 30, UNESCO added a region of mountainous forests in Sri Lanka and the Papahanaumokuakea archipelago off Hawaii to the World Heritage list. Florida's Everglades and Madagascar's tropical forest were added to the roll of endangered sites, which is meant to ring alarm bells and encourage protective measures.
    (AFP, 7/31/10)

2011        Jul 30, In a last-minute stab at compromise, Republican congressional leaders and the White House made significant progress toward a deal to avert a government default threatened for early next week. Under the plan, the nation's debt limit would rise in two steps by a total of about $2.4 trillion and spending would be cut by a slightly larger amount.
    (AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Alaska two small planes collided. One managed to land in Anchorage, the other crashed killed a pilot, his wife and their 2 children.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A10)(SFC, 8/1/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 30, In Ohio a new model of a Wright brothers biplane crashed near Springfield killing 2 volunteer pilots.
    (SFC, 8/1/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 30, The Afghan intelligence service said it has arrested army officer Gul Mohammad, a senior Defense Ministry official, who allegedly leaked secrets that helped the Taliban stage suicide attacks in Kabul. The agency also it has arrested Maulvi Rahimullah, a senior Taliban official accused of leading an insurgent propaganda campaign in eastern Afghanistan, and Maulvi Sabor, an insurgent who allegedly helped organize an April 1 attack. 10 Afghan security guards were killed in Ghazni in an attack on a convoy carrying supplies to international troops.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 30, A Colombian judge ordered the arrest of Bernardo Moreno (51), former President Alvaro Uribe's chief of staff, for alleged involvement in spying on judges, journalists and politicians by the domestic security agency.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen attacked a terminal on the gas pipeline to Israel for the fifth time since February.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, A Caribbean Airlines jet coming from New York crashed and broke in two while landing in Guyana with 163 people aboard, causing several injuries but no deaths.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, A US-Iraqi raid north of Baghdad killed tribal sheikh Hamid Hassan and two of his family members. Local leaders branded the attack as a "massacre" of civilians. Hassan (65) was the leader of a branch of the Rufayat tribe.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara fired the head of public television after no news team was sent to cover his return from a trip to the United States.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 10 people were killed when an overcrowded bus veered off a mountain road and fell into a rocky stream.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, NATO warplanes bombed three Libyan state TV satellite transmitters in Tripoli overnight, targeting facilities that have been used to incite violence and threaten civilians. 3 state television journalists were killed and 15 other people were reported wounded.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Mexico six employees of a nationally prominent polling firm disappeared in Apatzingan, Michoacan state, while working ahead of the state's upcoming race for governor.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 30, Morocco's King Mohammed VI called for parliamentary elections to be held soon, in his first speech since a July 1 referendum overwhelmingly approved curbing some of his prerogatives.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In southwest Nigeria two women and a male pilot died after a helicopter crashed in a hilly area outside Ife-Odan in Osun state.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on a commuter van and a rickshaw in Quetta, Baluchistan province, killing at least 11 Shiite Muslims.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 30, Panamanian police seized more than half a ton of heroin inside an abandoned truck parked along a road in the remote coastal town of Gobea. It was the largest seizure of the drug in the country's history.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 30, Three Saudis were beheaded in the western city of Taef after being convicted of killing fellow citizens in two separate incidents.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, In Swaziland talks on democratic reforms in Africa's last absolute monarchy stumbled as the Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions, the country's largest labor group, walked out of a civil society meeting.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, Syrian troops stormed the eastern city of Deir el-Zour and barraged neighborhoods with heavy machine gun fire. One person was shot dead in a nearby village.
    (AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 30, Tropical Storm Nock-ten hit north-central Vietnam killing one person. The storm had already left at least 50 people dead in the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 30, Influential Yemeni tribal leaders announced the creation of what they have named the "Alliance of Yemeni Tribes," a coalition to bolster six months of anti-Saleh protests.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)

2012        Jul 30, The US Congress pressed ahead with a new package of sanctions on Iran, expanding financial penalties and further targeting Tehran’s energy and shipping sectors in an ongoing effort to undercut the country’s suspected nuclear weapons program.
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 30, A report by the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction was released. It found that the American Embassy in Baghdad never got a written commitment from Iraq to participate in a Police Development Program. US auditors have concluded that more than $200 million was wasted on the program that Baghdad says is neither needed nor wanted.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, HSBC PLC, Europe’s biggest bank, apologized to shareholders as it disclosed a $700 million charge to cover the cost of US penalties for lapses including its failure to enforce money-laundering controls in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In London Lithuanian Ruta Meilutyte, claimed as an "adopted Brit," became the youngest winner of the Olympic event at 15 years and 133 days when she won the 100m breaststroke final over American world champion Rebecca Soni. She became Lithuania's first Olympic swimming champion.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, A Canadian government-appointed arbitrator chose to enforce Air Canada's final offer over one proposed by the union representing its 3,000 pilots, ending a long and bitter contract dispute but angering the pilots.
    (Reuters, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Canada a passenger found what appeared to be a sewing needle in a pre-prepared sandwich on board an Air Canada flight from Victoria, British Columbia to Toronto. On July 14 sewing needles were found in food on four Delta flights from Amsterdam to the United States, injuring one passenger.
    (Reuters, 8/2/12)
2012        Jul 30, Northern India's power grid crashed, halting hundreds of trains, forcing hospitals and airports to use backup generators and leaving 370 million people, more than the population of the United States and Canada combined, sweltering in the summer heat.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, The Times of India, citing a police investigation, said that five suspects were believed to have worked with a local Indian journalist to plan the Feb 13 attack on an Israeli diplomat in New Delhi. Police concluded that members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, a branch of the Iranian military, carried out the attack.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, Indian anti-graft activist Anna Hazare (75) threatened a "wave of protest" that would bring down the government on the second day of a hunger strike to push for stronger anti-corruption laws.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In southern India a fire swept through a train car packed with sleeping passengers, killing at least 47 people and sending panicked survivors rushing for the only clear exit once the train stopped.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Indonesia a man died of bird flu, the country's ninth fatal case this year.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Jul 30, An Iranian official said a court has sentenced 39 people linked to a $2.6 billion bank fraud. 4 people were sentenced to death and two to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/31/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 30, In Iraq gunmen shot dead television presenter Ghazwan Anas and wounded his mother, wife and four-month-old baby boy in Mosul.
    (AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 30, Morocco's King Mohammed VI vowed to press ahead with reforms, including strengthening the independence of the judiciary and battling corruption, in a speech to mark 13 years on the throne.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Nigeria explosions, including a suicide blast, rocked two police stations in the northwestern city of Sokoto, the historic seat of Islam in the country. Nigeria's military killed two suspected Boko Haram Islamists who were trying to smuggle heavy weapons into the country during a shootout on the border with Chad.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, Heavy rain pounded North Korea for a 2nd day, submerging buildings, cutting off power, flooding rice paddies and forcing people and their livestock to reach safety on rooftops.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In the West Bank Nancy Zaboun, a 27-year-old mother of three, had her throat slashed in Bethlehem after seeking a divorce from her abusive husband of 10 years. Zaboun's husband could face life in prison if convicted.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, In the Philippines at least 14 people were killed and millions were left without power as Tropical Storm Saola turned into a typhoon, bringing heavy rains to large parts of the country.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 30, Puerto Rico’s Gov. Luis Fortuno signed into law an updated penal code increasing prison sentences for homicide, assault and other offenses as the US island territory struggled to contain crime and the widespread perception that violence is out of control.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, Saudi Arabia implemented a ban on smoking in government offices and most public places, including restaurants, coffee shops, supermarkets and shopping malls.
    (AP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, Syrian government forces mounted new ground attacks against rebel-controlled neighborhoods in Aleppo, but failed to dislodge the opposition from their strongholds. The UN said 200,000 Syrians have fled the embattled city of Aleppo since intense clashes between regime forces and rebels began 10 days ago. The Observatory reported 93 people killed across the country. Khaled al-Ayoubi, Syria's top diplomat in London, said he could no longer represent the regime and defected.
    (AP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Vietnam Dang Thi Kim Lieng, the mother of a prominent blogger, died after setting herself on fire ahead of her daughter's trial for propaganda against the Communist state. Ta Phong Tan (43), a Catholic former policewoman, was arrested in September 2011 and has been held in detention along with two other bloggers.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Vietnam American Karin Joy Bowerman (27) died at a hospital in southern Nha Trang province. Canadian Cathy Huynh (26) died there two days later after developing similar symptoms and suffering a cardiac arrest. Both had stayed at the same guesthouse on Nguyen Thien Thuat street in Nha Trang.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Jul 30, Yemeni security services arrested suspected Al-Qaeda leader, Abdulrahman al-Baihani, wanted for plotting "terrorist' attacks in the capital.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)

2013        Jul 30, In Washington DC Israeli and Palestinian negotiators held their first peace talks in nearly three years in a US-brokered effort that Sec. of State John Kerry hopes will end their conflict despite deep divisions.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, JPMorgan Chase & Co. agreed to pay $410 million to settle federal charges of manipulating electricity markets in California and Michigan from 2010 through 2012.
    (SFC, 7/31/13, p.D1)
2013        Jul 30, In Maryland US Army Pfc. Bradley Manning was acquitted of aiding the enemy, but was convicted on 20 of 22 other charges including espionage and theft. He faced up to 136 years in prison for spilling government information to WikiLeaks in 2010.
    (SFC, 7/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Jul 30, In China Japan's top career diplomat met China's foreign minister in the latest bid to ease strains between Asia's two biggest economies over a bitter territorial row. A Chinese official newspaper said Beijing had ruled out a leaders' summit.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, The UN peacekeeping mission in Congo announced that it plans to disarm anyone outside the national security forces who is caught with a firearm in the eastern city of Goma and its northern suburbs.
    (AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, In Germany industrialist Berthold Beitz (99) died. He was honored for saving hundreds of Jews in occupied Poland during World War II and became one of post-war West Germany's leading industrialists.
    (AP, 7/31/13)
2013        Jul 30, Georgia's culture ministry said it will restore a towering monument to Soviet dictator and native son Josef Stalin that was taken down three years ago. The restoration is part of a rollback of Pres. Saakashvili's legacy after his party lost a parliamentary vote last fall to a coalition headed by a Russia-friendly billionaire.
    (AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, India's ruling Congress party approved the break up Andhra Pradesh state and the creation Telangana state, a move that has revived deep political divisions and raised fears of violence in the area, home to global firms including Google.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, In Iraq a suicide bomber set off his explosives amid Shiite worshippers leaving a mosque in the city's suburb of Hussainiya, killing 7. Another bomb striking a Sunni mosque in the ethnically-mixed northern town of Tuz Khormato killed 4. These attacks brought the death toll from shootings and explosions today to 23.
    (AP, 7/31/13)
2013        Jul 30, Ireland's President Michael D. Higgins signed the country's first bill on abortion into law, legalizing the practice in exceptional cases where doctors deem a woman's life at risk.
    (AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, A Kenyan court in Mombasa sentenced nine Somalis to five years in prison each for attempting to hijack the German merchant vessel MV Courier in the Gulf of Aden in March 2009.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, Kuwait's ruler said he was pardoning all the people convicted of insulting him, after a year-long crackdown on politically sensitive comments about Gulf Arab state's leadership.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, In New Zealand Hackers disabled several websites of the ruling party, protesting a planned law to widen the surveillance powers of the country's spy agency but the action was criticized by Internet entrepreneur Kim Dotcom as counter-productive.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, Nigerian police said they have arrested 42 suspected members of Islamist sect Boko Haram in Lagos and the neighboring southwest state of Ogun.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, Pakistani lawmakers elected Mamnoon Hussain (b.1940), a textile businessman who briefly served as the governor of southern Sindh province, as the country's next president.
    (AP, 7/30/13)(SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 30, The Philippine province of Albay was entirely cut off from power. The national power grid operator stopped its supply due to $93 million in unpaid bills. Power was restored after 24 hours on the conditions that the top 100 delinquent customers — most of them business establishments — remain disconnected and that the electric cooperative pay its current outstanding bill of 59 million pesos ($1.3 million).
    (AP, 7/31/13)
2013        Jul 30, In the Philippines government troops checking on reports of armed men in Camiling township, Tarlac province, were fired upon by guerrillas of the New People’s Army. At least 6 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/1/13, p.A2)
2013        Jul 30, In Syria Isa Huso, a prominent Syrian Kurdish politician, was assassinated early today outside his home near the Turkish border when a bomb planted in his car exploded in Al Qamishli. Mortar attacks and air raids in two major cities killed at least 17 people.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)(AP, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, Turkish soldiers shot into the air and fired tear gas to prevent hundreds of people, many of them believed to be smugglers, from trying to cross into Turkey from Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/30/13)
2013        Jul 30, In Yemen a suspected US drone strike killed 3 alleged al-Qaida militants in one of the group's strongholds in the town of Saeed in Shabwa province.
    (AP, 7/30/13)

2014        Jul 30, The US State Dept. imposed travel and visa restrictions on Venezuelan government officials accused of human rights violation s during widespread protests that have left more than 40 dead.
    (SFC, 7/31/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 30, US government agents arrested six Philadelphia narcotics officers on charges they robbed and in some cases kidnapped drug dealers, including dangling one over an 18th story balcony to force him to give up a computer password. The men were accused of stealing hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash and items including a Rolex watch and a designer suit. In one instance, they are accused of seizing cocaine and reselling it on the street.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, A federal judge ordered Bank of America Corp to pay a $1.27 billion penalty for fraud over shoddy mortgages sold by the former Countrywide Financial Corp.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, Jose Manuel Garcia Guevara was returned to Lake Charles, La., after being arrested in Mexico for the Feb. 19, 2008, rape and murder of Wanda Barton.
    (SFC, 8/1/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 30, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick signed a bill giving police increased authority to break up crowds gathering around abortion clinics.
    (SFC, 7/31/14, p.A8)
2014        Jul 30, Argentina entered into default late today for the 8th time in its history.
    (Econ, 8/2/14, p.26)
2014        Jul 30, In China Aini Aishan (18) reportedly organized an attack on Jume Tahir. He was arrested two days later in Hotan, Xinjiang province. Tahir was the state-appointed imam of China's biggest mosque and often spoke in support of government policies. In late September two Uighur teenagers were sentenced to death for their role in the murder of Tahir.
    (AP, 8/25/14)(SFC, 9/29/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 30, The EU targeted Russian President Vladimir Putin's inner circle for the first time for the Kremlin's actions in Ukraine.
    (AP, 7/31/14)
2014        Jul 30, Guinea officials said at least 33 people have died in a stampede following a rap concert on a beach in Conakry.
    (SFC, 7/31/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 30, In western India torrential rains triggered a massive landslide that buried a remote village, killing at least 76 people as it swept away scores of houses and trapping many more people under debris in Malin village, Pune district, Maharashtra state. At least 88 people were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 7/30/14)(SFC, 7/31/14, p.A7)(SSFC, 8/3/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 30, Israeli shelling killed 111 Palestinians including 17 who died in a strike on a crowded market place and another 16-17 at the UN Jabalya Elementary girls school in Gaza's biggest refugee camp. An Israeli military spokeswoman said militants had fired mortar bombs from the vicinity of the school and troops shot back in response. 3 Israeli soldiers were killed by a booby trap detonated as they uncovered a tunnel shaft.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)(Reuters, 7/31/14)(SFC, 4/28/15, p.A3)
2014        Jul 30, Lebanese sources said Hezbollah commander Ibrahim al-Haj has been killed in a battle near Mosul, indicating the Lebanese group that is already fighting in Syria's civil war may be involved in a second conflict in the region.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, In Libya rival militias fighting for control of Tripoli airport agreed to a temporary ceasefire to allow firefighters to try to control a huge blaze at a fuel depot hit by a rocket. Islamist groups seized the army special forces headquarters in Benghazi after days of fighting left at least 35 soldiers dead.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)(AFP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, In Libya unknown gunmen kidnapped and raped a Filipina nurse in Tripoli. Following the incident Filipino medical personnel left hospitals in Tripoli to await evacuation.
    (AFP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, In Nigeria a female suicide bomber killed 6 people at a college campus in Kano city, the fourth time Boko Haram Islamists were suspected of using a female attacker in as many days.
    (AFP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, Pakistani security forces in the northwestern Dir tribal region foiled an overnight cross-border attack from Afghanistan, killing 6 militants.
    (AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, Russia's central bank promised to support financial institutions hit by US sanctions as stocks took a tumble in Moscow.
    (AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, In Syria the number of people killed in army shelling on Douma, an opposition-held town northeast of Damascus, rose to 17. Fighting between the IS and Kurds killed 14 members of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (PYG) and 35 IS members.
    (AFP, 7/31/14)
2014        Jul 30, Human Rights Watch said the Syrian government has escalated its use of barrel bombs against densely populated areas near Aleppo in defiance of a UN Security Council resolution banning their use.
    (SFC, 7/31/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 30, Thailand officials said the military government has approved a massive budget to upgrade the country's railways including high-speed rail that would eventually link with China as part of an eight-year plan to improve infrastructure.
    (AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 30, Tunisia said up to 6,000 people a day were fleeing into the country from Libya as violence between rival militias continued.
    (SFC, 7/31/14, p.A6)
2014        Jul 30, In Yemen one woman was killed in protests that erupted in Sanaa after the Yemeni government announced a rise in fuel prices. A third of the population lives on less than $2 a day.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to July 31