Today in History - August 1

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10 BCE    Aug 1, Claudius (d.54CE), Roman Emperor, was born. Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Drusus, the nephew of Tiberius and grandson of the wife of Augustus, was made emperor after Caligula.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

126CE        Aug 1, Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman emperor (193 AD), was born.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

527        Aug 1, Justinus I, Byzantine emperor (518-27), died.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.54)

860        Aug 1, Peace of Koblenz involved Charles the Bare, Louis the German & Lotharius II.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

902        Aug 1, The Aghlabid rulers of Ifriqiyah (modern day Tunisia) captured Taormina, Sicily.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1086        Aug 1, English barons submitted to William the Conqueror.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1096        Aug 1, The crusaders under Peter the Hermit reached Constantinople. Anna Comnena, a 13 year-old Christian in Constantinople, watched as the crusaders marched into the city.
    (ATC, p.18)(HN, 8/1/98)

1137        Aug 1, Louis the Younger (1120-1180) of France was crowned King Louis VII. He had married Eleanor, the Duchess of Aquitaine, just a few months earlier.
    (ON, 6/12, p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_VII_of_France)

1291        Aug 1, The Everlasting League formed and became the basis of Swiss Confederation. The people of the 3 small cantons (Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden) formed a co-operative pact called the Bundesbrief following the death of Habsburg Emp. Rudolf I.
    (Econ, 2/14/04, Survey p.6)

1315        Nov 15, Swiss soldiers ambushed and slaughtered invading Austrians in the Battle of Morgarten. The Bundesbrief prevailed over a Habsburg army. Voluntary agreements among the cantons led to the formation of the Willensnation, a nation created by acts of free will by a diverse people.
    (HN, 11/15/98)(Econ, 2/14/04, p.6)

1464        Aug 1, Piero de Medici succeeded his father, Cosimo, as ruler of Florence.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1485        Aug 1, Henry (VII) Tudor's army set sail from Harfleur to Wales.
    (ON, 12/06, p.1)

1589        Aug 1, Monk Jacques Clement attempted to murder French King Hendrik III. [see Aug 2]
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1595        May 28, It was a shaken and demoralized English column that returned to its northern Irish base at Newry.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1628        Aug 1, Emperor Ferdinand II demanded that Austria Protestants convert to Catholicism.
    (MC, 8/1/02)
1628        Aug 1, Francesco Gonzaga (37), composer, died.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1664        Aug 1, The Turkish army was defeated by French and German troops at St. Gotthard, Hungary.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1686        Aug 1, Benedetto Marcello, Italian author, composer (Lettera Famigliare), was born in Venice, Italy. [see Jul 24]
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1689        Aug 1, A siege of Londonderry, Ireland, by the Catholic Army of King James II ended in failure. The Protestants were victorious and the event led to the annual Apprentice Boy’s March. The group is named in honor of 13 teenage apprentices, all Protestants, who bolted the city gates in front of the advancing Catholic forces at the start of the 105-day siege.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)(HN, 8/1/98)(AP, 8/13/06)

1711        Aug 1, Czar Peter the Great fled Azov after being surrounded.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1714        Aug 1, Queen Anne (1702-1714) of Britain died at age 48. By the 1701 Act of Settlement Prince George Louis (54) of Hanover succeeded her as King George I (d.1727).
    (PCh, 1992, p.279)(www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon53.html)

1740        Aug 1, Thomas Arne's song "Rule Britannia," which celebrated Britain’s military and commercial prowess, was performed for the 1st time. It grew to become the unofficial anthem.
    (HN, 8/1/98)(Econ, 2/3/07, SR p.3)

1744        Aug 1, Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck, French zoologist, was born.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1759        Aug 1, British and Hanoverian armies defeated the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany. The marquis de Lafayette was killed by a British cannonball and his son, Gilbert du Motier (2), inherited the title. In 1777 Lafayette joined the American Continental Army.
    (HN, 8/1/98)(ON, 2/09, p.1)

1770        Aug 1, William Clark, American explorer, was born in Charlottesville, VA. He led the Corps of Discovery with Meriwether Lewis.
    (HN, 8/1/00)(MC, 8/1/02)

1774        Aug 1, British scientist Joseph Priestley succeeded in isolating oxygen from air in Calne, England. He called his new gas "dephlogisticated air."
    (ON, 10/05, p.2)(AP, 8/1/07)

1779        Aug 1, Francis Scott Key, author of the "Star Spangled Banner," was born.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1781        Aug 1, English army under Lord Cornwallis occupied Yorktown, Virginia.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1791        Aug 1, Robert Carter III, a Virginia plantation owner, freed all 500 of his slaves in the largest private emancipation in U.S. history.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1798        Aug 1, Admiral Horatio Nelson routed the French fleet in the Battle of the Nile at Aboukir Bay, Egypt. Nelson's fleet of 14 ships led the attack on Napoleon's fleet in Abu Qir Bay, capturing six and destroying seven of the 17 French vessels. The flagship of Napoleon's fleet, L'Orient, sank in the battle. It was uncovered by a French team in 1998. More than 1,500 Frenchmen and 200 British soldiers reportedly died in the sea battle.
    (AP, 4/19/05)

1801        Aug 1, The American schooner Enterprise captured the Barbary cruiser Tripoli.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1808        Aug 1, Joachim Murat (1767-1815), French marshal and Napoleon's brother in law, became king of Naples (1808-1815) and Sicily.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joachim_Murat)

1815        Aug 1, Richard Henry Dana (d.1882), US jurist, novelist, lawyer and sailor, was born. He wrote "Two Years Before the Mast."
    (WUD, 1994, p.366)(SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W5)(MC, 8/1/02)

1818        Aug 1, Maria Mitchell (d.1889), the first female astronomer in the U.S., was born. She discovered a comet in 1847 and was the first prof. of astronomy at Vassar College. In 1869 she was the first woman elected to the American Philosophical Society.
    (Alg, 1990, p.30)(HN, 8/1/00)

1819        Aug 1, Herman Melville (d.1891), American novelist, author of Moby Dick, was born. In 1996 part one of a 2-part biography was published by Hershel Parker: Herman Melville: 1819-1851. In 1951 Leon Howard wrote a biography. Melville wrote 5 books between 1845-1850. They included "Typee" and "White-Jacket."
    (AHD, p.818)(WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A14)(HN, 8/1/98)

1825        Aug 1, William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, began experiments to study the digestive system of Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader who was accidentally shot in the abdomen in 1822.
    (ON, 1/02, p.6)

1831        Aug 1, London Bridge opened to traffic.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1834        Aug 1, The British Emancipation Act went into effect abolishing slavery throughout the British Empire. This ended slavery in Canada, in the West Indies and in all Caribbean holdings. Some 35,000 slaves were freed in the Cape Colony. The Minstrels Parada in Cape Town, SA, originated as a spontaneous outpouring of marches, music and dancing to mark the abolition of slavery.
    (NH, 7/98, p.29)(HN, 8/1/98)(EWH, 4th ed, p.885)(AP, 1/2/06)

1843        Aug 1, Robert Todd Lincoln (d.1926), son of Abraham Lincoln, Capt (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1862        Aug 1, James Henley Thornwell (b.1812), Presbyterian preacher from South Carolina, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Henley_Thornwell)

1863        Aug 1, Battle of Little Rock, AK, and start of the Chattanooga campaign.
    (MC, 8/1/02)
1863        Aug 1, Cavalry action near Brandy Station marked the end of Gettysburg Campaign.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1864        Aug 1, Union General Ulysses S. Grant gave general Philip H. Sheridan the mission of clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Confederate forces.
    (HN, 8/1/98)
1864        Aug 1, Battle of Petersburg, VA.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1872        Aug 1, The first long-distance gas pipeline in the U.S. was completed. Designed for natural gas, the two-inch pipe ran five miles from Newton Wells to Titusville, Pennsylvania.
    (HN, 8/1/00)

1876        Aug 1, Colorado was admitted as the 38th state.
    (AP, 8/1/97)(HN, 8/1/99)

1880        Aug 1, Sir Frederick Roberts freed the British Afghanistan garrison of Kandahar from Afghan rebels.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1889        Aug 1, John F. Mahoney, developed penicillin treatment of syphilis, was born.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1893        Aug 1, Henry Perky and William Ford patented a machine for making shredded wheat breakfast cereal.
    (HN, 8/1/00)(MC, 8/1/02)

1894        Aug 1, The First Sino-Japanese War erupted, the result of a dispute over control of Korea; Japan's army routed the Chinese.
    (AP, 8/1/04)

1907        Aug 1, The US Air Force had its beginnings as the US Army Signal Corps established an aeronautical division in charge of "all matters pertaining to military ballooning, air machines and all kindred subjects."
    (AP, 8/1/07)

1911        Aug 1, Konrad Duden (b.1829), German philologist, died. His 1880 dictionary represents the start of the Duden series and included 28,000 words on 187 pages.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konrad_Duden)

1914        Aug 1, France and Germany mobilized.
    (MC, 8/1/02)
1914        Aug 1, Germany declared war on Russia at the onset of World War I.
    (AP, 8/1/07)

1917        Aug 1, Frank Little, IWW organizer, was lynched in Butte, MT.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1921        Aug 1, Sid Hatfield, police chief of Matewan, WV, and Ed Chambers were murdered on the steps of the McDowell County Courthouse by Baldwin-Felts detectives. Hatfield and 22 miners had been recently been acquitted of the May 19, 1920 shootings in Matewan, WV, but he was indicted for conspiracy for continuing mine violence. Hatfield had been a long-time supporter of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA). This soon led to the Battle of Blair Mountain, a labor uprising also know as the Red Neck War.
    (http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/isj66/newsinger.htm)(AH, 4/07, p.63)

1922        Aug 1, Lithuania adopted a new Constitution.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(LC, 1998, p.22)

1927        Aug 1, The Bristol Sessions, a series of historic recording sessions, took place in in Bristol, a small town on the Tennessee-Virginia state line, and helped spread what was then known as "hillbilly music" to the rest of the country. The Carter Family (A.P., wife Sara, and cousin Maybelle) came down from the mountains of Virginia and began recording their country style "hillbilly" music for Ralph Peel of the Victor Talking Machine Co. Peel had set up a makeshift studio in the Taylor-Christian Hat Co. warehouse on State Street, recording 76 songs in 10 days.  Jimmy Rogers (1898-1933) came from Mississippi to record. In 2002 Mark Zwonitzer and Charles Hirshberg authored "Will You Miss me When I’m Gone: The Carter Family and Their Legacy in American Music."
    (WSJ, 8/1/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M3)(AP, 9/30/14)

1931        Aug 1, Tom Wilson (cartoonist of Ziggy), was born.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1933        Aug 1, The National Recovery Administration's "Blue Eagle" symbol began to appear in store windows and on packages to show support for the National Industrial Recovery Act.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
1933        Aug 1, The death penalty was declared for anti fascists in Germany.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1936        Aug 1, The 11th Olympic games, dubbed "The Nazi Games," opened in Berlin with a ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler. Jesse Owens won four gold medals including the 100-meter dash--becoming the world's fastest man. Owens also set new Olympic records in the long jump, the 200-meter dash and the 4 x 100-meter relay. It had been 36 years since a track-and-field athlete had won three gold medals in one Olympics. The games were filmed by Leni Riefenstahl and the torch relay was introduced by Joseph Geobbel’s Propaganda Ministry. Berlin’s homeless and itinerant Gypsies were sent into concentration camps. The game of Kabaddi was played as a demonstration sport.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1936)(WSJ, 7/30/96, p.A12)(Hem, 6/96, p.104)(AP, 8/1/97)(HNPD, 8/1/98)

1937        Aug 1, The Buchenwald concentration camp, near Weimar, Germany, became operational. The hill on which it stood was called "Ettersberg," a place where Goethe often wrote and sketched, and that was the initial name for the camp, which the people of Weimar protested. The name was then changed to Buchenwald, Beech Forest. By April 11, 1945, an estimated 56,000 people were killed here, including approximately 11,000 Jews.
    (HN, 8/1/98)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A10)(AP, 6/5/09)

1939        Aug 1, Synthetic vitamin K was produced for the first time.
    (HN, 8/1/00)

1940        Aug 1, The idea of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere was formally announced by Japan’s Foreign Minister Matsuoka Yosuke, in a press interview, but had already existed in various forms for many years. Japan urged the nations of the region to unite in one economic sphere, ousting the colonial powers and enjoying economic prosperity together. The concept was used to justify Japan's seizure of raw materials from throughout Southeast Asia to further its drive for economic, political and military domination of East Asia. The Sphere was intended to include, in addition to Japan, China, Manchukuo, Southeast Asia and the Pacific mandates islands.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_East_Asia_Co-prosperity_Sphere)(HNQ, 2/8/00)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.43)

1941        Aug 1, The Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo plane made its first flight.
    (HN, 8/1/98)
1941        Aug 1, Luftwaffe bombed the German 23rd division.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1942        Aug 1, Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, was born.
    (HN, 8/1/98)
1942        Aug 1, Ensign Henry C. White, while flying a J4F Widgeon plane, sank U-166 as it approaches the Mississippi River, the first U-boat sunk by the U.S. Coast Guard. In the summer of 1942, German submarines put saboteurs ashore on American beaches. [see Jul 30, 1942]
    (HN, 8/1/98)(SFC, 6/9/01, p.A5)

1943        Aug 1, Race-related rioting erupted in New York City's Harlem section, resulting in several deaths.
    (AP, 8/1/97)
1943        Aug 1, Over 177 B-24 Liberator bombers attacked the German oil fields in Ploesti, Romania, for a second time. Of 1,762 airmen on the mission, 532 were killed, captured, interned or listed as missing in action. In 2007 Duane Schultz authored “Into the Fire: Ploesti" The Most Fateful Mission of World War II.
    (HN, 8/1/98)(WSJ, 11/13/07, p.D5)

1944        Aug 1, Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she was arrested.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1944        Aug 1-1944 Oct 2, The Warsaw Uprising was fought. The Polish underground began an uprising against the occupying German army, as the Red Army approaches Warsaw. The revolt lasted two months before collapsing. US Air Force Groups dropped medicine and food to the Polish freedom fighters under heavy fire from German fighter planes. The supply planes were also shot at by Soviet gunners. American dead were buried in the military cemetery at Poltava, Ukraine. The uprising ended with the Nazis killing 250,000 people. During the 63-day uprising the insurgents, largely ill-armed teenagers, organized a postal service to help city residents get information to relatives. Marek Edelman (1909-2009) was among the commanders of the uprising and managed to survive the war.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 23)(AP, 8/1/97)(HN, 8/1/98)(AP, 3/6/08)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.91)

1946        Aug 1, President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Sen. William J. Fulbright.
    (AP, 8/1/97)
1946        Aug 1, President Truman established the Atomic Energy Commission. Physicist John Simpson (d.2000 at 83) helped develop the 1946 McMahon Act, which called for civilian control of atomic energy.
    (AP, 8/1/97)(SFC, 9/2/00, p.A23)(http://tinyurl.com/66tsq)

1950        Aug 1, Lead elements of the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division arrived in Korea from the United States.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1951        Aug 1, Jim Carroll, musician and writer of "The Basketball Diaries," was born
    (HN, 8/1/00)

1952        Aug 1, Jo Stafford (1917-2008), pop star singer during the 1940s and 1950s, entered the Billboard charts with the song “You Belong To Me." It was her greatest hit, topping the charts in both the United States and the United Kingdom (the first song by a female singer to top the UK chart) and remained on the chart for 24 weeks.
    (SFC, 7/19/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/You_Belong_to_Me_(1952_song))
1952        Aug 1, Kemmons Wilson (d.2003) opened the first Holiday Inn just outside Memphis, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1953        Aug 1, Fidel Castro was arrested in Cuba. [see Jul 26]
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1954        Aug 1, The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into two countries at the 17th parallel. U.S. complicity in the overthrow of South Vietnam's president made it impossible to stay uninvolved in the war. The Geneva Accords called for elections in 1956 and put a limit on the presence of foreign advisors. US military advisors were limited to 685.
    (WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-23)(HN, 8/1/98)

1956        Aug 1, Pres. Eisenhower signed legislation expanding Social Security benefits to include disability insurance. The Disability Insurance Trust Fund was created as a part of the Social Security Act Amendments.
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.36)(www.ssa.gov/history/tally56.html)

1957        Aug 1, The United States and Canada reached agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
    (AP, 8/1/97)
1957        Aug 1, Lewis Hill (b.1919) committed suicide in Duncan Mills, Sonoma County, Ca. He had helped found Pacifica Radio (KPFA).
    (SFC, 7/22/99, p.E5)(www.ringnebula.com/folio/Issue-12/Conversation_Joy_Hill.htm)

1958        Aug 1, US atomic sub USS Nautilus 1st dove under the North Pole.
    (MC, 8/1/02)
1958        Aug 1, Jordan’s King Hussein dissolved the Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq.
    (PCh, 1992, p.963)

1960        Aug 1, Dahomey, just west of Nigeria, became independent from France with Hubert Maga as president. It was renamed Benin with the capital at Porto Novo.
    (WUD, 1994, p.139)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)

1964        Aug 1, Beatles' "Hard Day's Night" single went #1.
    (MC, 8/1/02)
1964        Aug 1, Arthur Ashe became the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1966        Aug 1, Charles Joseph Whitman (25), architectural engineering student and ex-Marine, shot and killed 14 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned down by police. His mother and wife were the first victims before he climbed to the tower at the Univ. of Texas in Austen and shot 14 people dead and wounded 31. One shooting victim died of complications in 2001 bringing the death toll to 17. The 1997 film "The Delicate Art of the Rifle" by the Cambrai Liberation Collective of North Carolina was a reimaging of the attack at the Austin Campus.
    (AP, 8/1/97)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)
1966        Aug 1, In Nigeria Gen'l. Yakuba Gowon (b.1934) was named head of state and ruled until 1975.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yakubu_Gowon)

1970        Aug 1, The dance piece "The Fugue," created by Twyla Tharp (b.1941), premiered at the Univ. of Massachusetts in Amherst.
    (WSJ, 10/17/96, p.A20)(www.abt.org/education/archive/ballets/fugue.html)
1970        Aug 1,     W. Lain Guthrie (d.1997 at 84), a commercial airline pilot, refused to dump kerosene into the atmosphere as had been common practice. He kept his DC-8 on the ground and ordered the ground crew to drain the waste fuel from the previous flight. He was fired but other pilots supported him and he was reinstated and the industry stopped its dumping.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.D2)

1971        Aug 1, The Concert For Bangladesh, two benefit concerts organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar, played to a total of 40,000 people at Madison Square Garden.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Concert_for_Bangladesh)
1971        Aug 1, CBS presented Masterpiece Theatre's 6 Wives of Henry VIII. The BBC produced program series first aired in 1970.
    (www.tvguide.com/tvshows/six-wives-henry/204436)(WSJ, 7/15/96, p.A9)

1972        Aug 1, The 1st article exposing Watergate scandal was published by Bernstein and Woodward.
    (www.edwardjayepstein.com/archived/watergate.htm)

1975        Aug 1, A 35-nation summit in Helsinki, Finland, concluded with the signing the Helsinki Accords, dealing with European security, human rights and East-West contacts.  The Helsinki Final Act, signed by 35 states, was an attempt to improve the relations between the Communist bloc and the West.
    (AP, 8/1/00)(www.hri.org/docs/Helsinki75.html)

1976        Aug 1, Liz Taylor had her 6th divorce when she re-divorced Richard Burton.
    (www.ibdb.com/person.asp?id=21815)
1976        Aug 1, Trinidad & Tobago became a republic.
    (http://library2.nalis.gov.tt/Default.aspx?PageContentMode=1&tabid=79)

1977        Aug 1, Francis Gary Powers (b.1929), US U-2 pilot, died in fiery helicopter crash. In 2012 he was awarded a Silver Star for his 2-year imprisonment by the Soviets following the downing of his U-2 spy plane in 1960.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Gary_Powers)(SFC, 6/16/12, p.A4)
1977        Aug 1, In Uruguay teacher Julio Castro disappeared. His remains were identified in 2011 using DNA tests.
    (AP, 12/1/11)

1978        Aug 1, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds, who had tied the National League record of hitting in 44 consecutive games, saw his streak end in a game against the Atlanta Braves.
    (AP, 8/1/98)

1980        Aug 1, In Iceland Vigdis Finnbogadottir (b.1930) began serving as president and the world’s first female head of state. She was re-elected 3 times and retired in 1996.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vigd%C3%ADs_Finnbogad%C3%B3ttir)

1981        Aug 1, The US rock music video channel MTV, founded by Bob Pittman, made its debut. The first music video shown on the rock-video cable channel was, "Video Killed the Radio Star", by the Buggles. In 2007 Saul Austerlitz authored “Money for Nothing: A History of the Music Video From the Beatles to the White Stripes."
    (WSJ, 3/24/97, p.B1)(AP, 8/1/97)(SSFC, 3/18/07, p.M2)(Econ, 11/22/08, p.78)
1981        Aug 1, Paddy Chayefsky (b.1923), dramatist and screenwriter, died of cancer in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paddy_Chayefsky)

1982        Aug 1, In Kenya there was a coup attempt against Pres. Daniel arap Moi. Oginga Odinga, Kenya’s 1st vice-president, was implicated in the coup along with his son Raila Odinga, who was put into solitary confinement for 6 years for his alleged involvement.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.77)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_Kenyan_coup)

1985        Aug 1, It was reported that SF Mayor Diane Feinstein, currently on a visit to Ireland, has received a $10,000 gift from the SF 49ers, the largest gift to date to any city official. The gift came as the Feinstein administration was in touchy negotiations over renovations to Candlestick Park.
    (SSFC, 8/1/10, DB p.42)
1985        Aug 1, The French government began to require the testing of all donated blood for AIDS following the launch of a test by Diagnostic Pasteur. By this time some 1,300 hemophiliacs were contaminated with AIDS-tainted blood. By 1997 over 500 had died, most of them children. Four health officials were charged and convicted in the case.
    (SFEC, 2/7/99, p.A2)

1987        Aug 1, Iranians attacked the Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti embassies in Tehran as word spread of rioting in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, a day earlier that claimed some 400 lives, most of them Iranian pilgrims.
    (AP, 8/1/97)

 1988        Aug 1, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh began broadcasting his nationally syndicated radio program.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
1988        Aug 1, Iran said it would honor an immediate cease-fire in its eight-year-old war with Iraq.
    (AP, 8/1/98)

1989        Aug 1, The Revolutionary Justice Organization, a pro-Iranian group in Lebanon which had threatened to kill American hostage Joseph Cicippio, extended its deadline a day after another group released a videotape showing a body said to be that of hostage William R. Higgins.
    (AP, 8/1/99)

1990        Aug 1, Robert Stempel took charge at GM.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(http://tinyurl.com/q8mqs)
1990        Aug 1, Iraq pulled out of talks with Kuwait.
    (www.milnet.com/gulfwar.htm)
1990        Aug 1, In Trinidad, dozens of Muslim militants surrendered and freed 42 hostages they had seized six days earlier in a failed bid to overthrow the government. Jamaat al Muslimeen, a Trinidadian radical Muslim group led by Yasin Abu Bakr (formerly Lennox Phillip), launched the unsuccessful rebellion that left 24 dead.
    (AP, 8/1/00)(AP, 6/3/07)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.44)

1991        Aug 1, President Bush, visiting the Ukrainian capital of Kiev, urged Soviet republics to show restraint in their demands for more autonomy.
    (AP, 8/1/01)
1991        Aug 1, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir accepted a US formula for Middle East peace talks with the Arabs.
    (AP, 8/1/01)

1992        Aug 1, The US Supreme Court permitted the Bush administration to continue returning Haitians intercepted at sea to their Caribbean homeland.
    (AP, 8/1/97)
1992        Aug 1, Gail Devers won the women's 100 meters and Linford Christie the men's 100 meters at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.
    (AP, 8/1/97)

1993        Aug 1, The city of St. Louis found itself besieged by the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, which had swelled to record levels after months of flooding in nine Midwestern states.
    (AP, 8/1/98)
1993        Aug 1, Ewing Marion Kauffman (b.1916) founder of Marion Laboratories (1950) and the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation (1966), died.
    (www.kauffman.org/ewingkauffman.cfm)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ewing_Kauffman)

1994        Aug 1, Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley confirmed they had secretly married eleven weeks earlier.
    (AP, 8/1/99)
1994        Aug 1, Supporters of Haiti's military rulers declared their intention to fight back in the face of a U.N. resolution paving the way for a U.S.-led invasion.
    (AP, 8/1/99)

1995        Aug 1, In the second TV network takeover in as many days, Westinghouse Electric Corporation struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion. A day earlier, Walt Disney had agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC for $19 billion.
    (AP, 8/1/00)
1995        Aug 1, NATO threatened major air strikes if any more "safe areas" were attacked in Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1996        Aug 1, In a political victory for President Clinton, a federal jury in Little Rock, Ark., acquitted two Arkansas bankers of misapplying bank funds and conspiracy to boost his political career; the jury deadlocked on seven other counts.
    (AP, 8/1/97)
1996        Aug 1, At the Atlanta Olympics, Michael Johnson broke his world track record by more than three-tenths of a second, winning the 200 meters in 19.32 seconds.
    (AP, 8/1/97)
1996        Aug 1, In Kazakhstan doctors warned of a surge in TB when 56,000 prisoners are released under a government amnesty. It was estimated that 16,500 prisoners had the disease.
    (WSJ, 8/2/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 1, It was reported that 1/5 of China’s river water can no longer be used to irrigate land.
    (WSJ, 8/2/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 1, In Somalia Mohamed Farrah Aidid died from wounds in a gun battle with a faction headed by his brother. General Muhammad Aideed (Mohamed Aidid) had employed a printing press to reproduce the country’s 1,000 shillings note. The value of the note fell from $.13 to $.03, or about the cost of producing an additional note. Forging stopped as the profit margin disappeared.
    (www.cnn.com/WORLD/9608/02/aideed/)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.22)
1996        Aug 1, In Venezuela the tax authorities increased the general sales tax to 16.5% from 12.5%. There has been a 108% rate of inflation over the last 12 months. Transparency Int’l., a Berlin base nongovernmental anticorruption organization, rated Venezuela as the most corrupt country in the Western hemisphere.
    (WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A11)

1997        Aug 1, Pres. Clinton announced that the 1978 ban on sales of high-performance aircraft and other advanced weapons to Latin America would be lifted.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A8)(AP, 8/1/98)
1997        Aug 1, The National Cancer Institute reported that fallout from 1950s nuclear bomb tests had exposed millions of children across the country to radioactive iodine.
    (AP, 8/1/98)
1997        Aug 1, In Algeria 38 villagers at Sidi el Madani in Blida province were killed.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A19)
1997        Aug 1, In Bangladesh at least 150 fishermen were missing in the Bay of Bengal after a storm sank their boats.
    (SFC, 8/1/97, p.A16)
1997        Aug 1, Israel withheld $25 million in tax revenues from the Palestinian Authority, which made the Authority unable to meet its payroll.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Aug 1, In Palestine 16 of Arafat’s 18 Cabinet members offered their resignations in response to allegations of widespread corruption.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A12)
1997        Aug 1, In Russia Svyatoslav Richter, concert pianist, died at 82 in Moscow. He was known for his brilliant technique in numerous styles.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1998        Aug 1, Dismissing as "an empty promise" GOP-backed legislation to create a patients' bill of rights, President Clinton in his Saturday radio address pressed Congress to pass a measure that would allow patients to sue their health insurers.
    (AP, 8/1/99)
1998        Aug 1, In China floodwaters burst through a levee along the Yangtze in Hubei province and over 1000 people were reported missing. News of more flooding was hushed and it was later learned that 8,000-10,000 people in Jiayu province were inundated and presumed dead.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A9)(SFC, 8/6/93, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A18)
1998        Aug 1, In Northern Ireland a car bomb exploded in Banbridge and wounded 35 people.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, p.A18)
1998        Aug 1, The 5th quadrennial Gay Games began in Amsterdam with some 15,000 competitors.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, p.A2)
1998        Aug 1, In South Korea flooding killed at least 20 sleeping campers and left 70 others missing.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, p.A24)

1999        Aug 1, A US heat wave that had gripped the nation since mid-July finally broke; authorities attributed nearly 200 deaths to the heat and humidity.
    (AP, 8/1/00)
1999        Aug 1, In Colombia a weekend attack by rebels killed at least 17 people in Narino, 100 miles northwest of Bogota.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 1, The EU cleared British beef for export. A ban had followed the 1996 mad cow crises.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 1, In South Korea torrential rains over the weekend killed at least 12 people and forced some 15,000 from their homes.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 1, In Zambia Jean-Pierre Bemba, head of the Congo Liberation Movement, signed the cease-fire accord that representatives of 5 nations involved had signed on July 10. The Congolese Rally for Democracy faction still contested leadership between Ernest Wamba dia Wamba and Emile Ilunga.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A12)

2000        Aug 1, A US military court in Germany sentenced Army Staff Sergeant Frank Ronghi to life in prison without parole for sexually assaulting and killing Merita Shabiu, an eleven-year-old ethnic Albanian girl, while on peacekeeping duty in Kosovo.
    (AP, 8/1/01)
2000        Aug 1, In Philadelphia police arrested at least 280 protesters and raided a warehouse site used as a staging area for passive resistance demonstrations. 15 police officers were injured.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A9)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A3)
2000        Aug 1, Glenn and Justin Helzer murdered Annette (75) and Ivan Stineman (85) in Concord, Ca. They were accompanied by Dawn Godman.  In 2004 Justin Helzer was convicted for 5 murders. Godman was sentenced to 38 years to life. A jury gave Glen Helzer 5 death sentences on Dec 17, 2004. The brothers were formally sentenced to death Mar 11, 2005. On April 14, 2013, Justin Helzer hanged himself in his cell at San Quentin.
    (SFC, 5/28/04, p.B1)(SFC, 6/17/04, p.B1)(SFC, 12/18/04, p.B1)(SFC, 4/16/13, p.C2)
2000        Aug 1, In Chile the Supreme Court was reported to have voted in secret to strip Gen. Pinochet of his senatorial immunity.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 1, Costa Rica planned to begin offering free e-mail access to all its citizens through the government owned commercial Internet monopoly, RACSA.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A15)
2000        Aug 1, In Indonesia a car bomb exploded outside the house of the Philippine ambassador. Two people were killed and 22 wounded including Ambassador Leonides Caday.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 1, In Kashmir terrorists killed nearly 50 people in 2 attacks. 18 men at a village in the Anantnag area were killed as well as 30 Hindu pilgrims and Muslim porters on their way to the Amarmath cave shrine at Pahalgam.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Aug 1, Two Britons and 2 Canadians were arrested in northern Montenegro while driving to Kosovo on suspicion of spying and terrorism.
    (SFC, 8/8/00, p.A12)

2001        Aug 1, The US House passed energy legislation that included opening the Arctic national Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling.
    (SFC, 8/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 1, The Federal Trade Commission cleared the way for PepsiCo to acquire Quaker Oats for about $13.4 billion in stock.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2001        Aug 1, Robert Henry Rimmer, author of the 1960s novel "The Harrad Experiment," died at age 84.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A17)
2001        Aug 1, Pro Bowl tackle Korey Stringer died of heat stroke, a day after collapsing at the Minnesota Vikings' training camp on the hottest day of the year.
    (AP, 8/1/02)
2001        Aug 1, In Chechnya 86 refugees attempted a 1000-mile march to Moscow to protest atrocities but were immediately stopped by force and 12 were arrested.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A12)
2001        Aug 1, A boatload of Cubans capsized off Key West and at least 2 people died. 4 were missing and 22 were rescued.
    (WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 1, In Indonesia at least 64 people were killed on Nias island from floods and landslides. Another 200 were missing.
    (SFC, 8/2/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 1, In Indonesia Taufik Abdul Halim, a member of the Malaysian Mujahedeen Group, blew off his lower right leg at a Jakarta shopping mall when a bomb he carried exploded prematurely. Halim was linked to Dedi Setiono (Abbas), who was linked to Hambali (Riduan Isamuddin), operations leader of Jemaah Islamiah.
    (SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A16)(SFC, 9/20/02, p.A14)
2001        Aug 1, In Germany legislation went into effect offering legal status to same-sex couples.
    (SFC, 8/2/01, p.A9)
2001        Aug 1, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian man in heavy fighting in Hebron.
    (WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A1)

2002        Aug1, The United States and a bloc of Southeast Asian nations signed a sweeping anti-terrorism treaty.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2002        Aug 1, Two former WorldCom executives were arrested on charges of falsifying the books at the now-bankrupt long-distance company. David Myers, controller, was charged with securities fraud, conspiracy to commit securities fraud and false filings.
    (AP, 8/1/03)(WSJ, 3/24/05, p.A1)
2002        Aug 1, In California 2 girls (one 16 and Jacqueline Marris, 17) were rescued in Kern County 12 hours after being kidnapped and raped near Lancaster by Roy Ratliff (37). Police shot Ratliff dead. Police credited the new Amber alert system, named after a Texas girl abducted and killed in 1996.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A1,8)(SFC, 8/3/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 1, In NYC the alleged ringleader of a massive identity theft operation was indicted along with 3 associates.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 1, In Atlanta, Georgia, a 35,000 pound billboard collapsed at a suburban shopping center and 3 construction workers were killed.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 1, In Colombia a helicopter crashed while on an army medical evacuation mission in a rebel zone killing six people. Also a 14-year-old girl died and five other people were wounded w hen suspected rebels threw a grenade at a bakery in the village of Venecia, 40 miles south of Bogota.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 1, In Ghana the government raised the cost of electricity by 60%.
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.D6)
2002        Aug 1, In Iran the Education Ministry relaxed dress codes for girls in all-female schools for the 1st time in 23 years.
    (SFC, 8/3/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 1, Opponents of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein shot and wounded his younger son, Qusai (35), in an assassination attempt in Baghdad. The Iraqi National Congress opposition group reported the event 2 weeks later.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 1, In Northern Ireland a Protestant construction worker was killed with a booby-trap bomb. Police blamed the IRA.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A17)
2002        Aug 1, In Mexico Pope John Paul II beatified Juan Bautista and Jacinto de los Angeles (d.1700) as part of a trip reaching out to Indians across the Americas, who have been increasingly converting to rival Protestant faiths. Beatification is a necessary step on the path to sainthood. Bautista and Angeles had informed Spanish authorities of an Indian religious and were killed by fellow Indians. Christian officials decapitated and quartered 15 men and staked their body parts by the roadside as a warning.
    (AP, 7/30/02)
2002        Aug 1, In Mexico the government decided to yield to protests by machete-wielding farmers and radicals and cancelled plans to build a new international airport on the eastern outskirts of Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2003        Aug 1, The Belgian Senate gave final approval to a scaled-down war crimes law that the government hopes will repair relations with Washington and preserve Belgium's role as NATO headquarters.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Bolivia police seized 2 tons of cocaine and arrested 20 people in what officials called the country's biggest drug bust in nearly a decade.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, Marie Trintignant (41) died after several days on a respirator in France. She was initially hospitalized in the Lithuanian capital, Vilnius, on July 27 after French rock star Bertrand Cantat (39) allegedly beat her at the hotel where they were staying with her mother and one of her sons. Trintignant, had been in Lithuania since June filming a joint French-Lithuanian television movie, "Colette," about the French female writer. Bertrand Cantat was later sentenced to 8 years in prison for manslaughter. He was released for good behavior in October 2007 after serving four years.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Trintignant)
2003        Aug 1, In Israel Yehiya Farhan and a 16-year-old girlfriend lured Dana Bennett (18) into their vehicle. Farhan beat her to death and concealed the body in the northern hills. Months earlier the couple had picked up Czech hitch hiker Sylvia Molrova (27), killed her and dumped her body in a remote spot. In 2009 Israeli detectives arrested Farhan. He was already in custody on suspicion of raping an Australian tourist when a tip led homicide detectives to him. In 2010 Farhan (34) was sentenced to 102 years in prison. Farhan's female accomplice helped police with their investigation and was sentenced to a shorter prison term in a plea bargain.
    (www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3721705,00.html)(AP, 7/21/10)
2003        Aug 1, In Kenya a terrorist suspect detonated a hand grenade as he was being arrested near Mombasa's central police station, killing himself and a policeman.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Monrovia, Liberia, shelling erupted after a one-day lull, killing at least 9 people. Top West African officials flew into the capital to press the country's president to cede power after peacekeepers arrive, but Charles Taylor kept them waiting by reportedly heading to a southern war zone. Taylor actually flew to Libya to gather arms and ammunition.
    (AP, 8/1/03)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.A10)
2003        Aug 1, Mexican soldiers used a bazooka to return fire against cars believed to be carrying drug traffickers during a wild pre-dawn battle, killing three suspects.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, North Korea eased its insistence on one-on-one talks with Washington and agreed to join U.S.-proposed multilateral talks, where it will find little sympathy for its suspected nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
 2003        Aug 1, A suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives through the gates of a Russian military hospital near Chechnya, destroying the building and killing at least 50 people.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Rwanda the largest trial so far seeking justice for the 1994 genocide ended. A tribunal convicted 100 people of rape, torture, murder and crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 1, In Sao Tome PM Maria das Neves resigned. Four other government ministers also have offered to resign.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
2003        Aug 1, The UN Security Council approved sending a multinational force to Liberia.
    (AP, 8/2/03)

2004        Aug 1, The US government warned of possible al-Qaida terrorist attacks against specific financial institutions in New York City, Washington and Newark, N.J.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2004        Aug 1, Alexandra Scott, a young cancer patient who started a lemonade stand to raise money for cancer research, sparking a nationwide fund-raising campaign, died at her home in Wynnewood, Pa., at age 8.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2004        Aug 1, Karen Stupples won the Women's British Open.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2004        Aug 1, A roadside bombing near the town of Samarra killed one U.S. soldier and wounded two others. A car bomb exploded outside a police station in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least five people and injuring 53 others. The blast followed a night of clashes between U.S. troops and insurgents that killed 12 Iraqis and wounded 39 others in Fallujah. Car bombings in Baghdad targeted at 4 churches and at least 11 people including 2 children were killed.
    (AP, 8/1/04)(SFC, 8/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 1, A militant group claiming links to al Qaeda has given Italy a 15-day deadline to withdraw its troops from Iraq or face attacks.
    (AP, 8/1/04)
2004        Aug 1, A Kenyan government spokesman said 7 truck drivers taken hostage in Iraq have been released.
    (AP, 8/1/04)
2004        Aug 1, A Lebanese hostage was freed unharmed after Iraqi police raided his kidnappers' hideout in an operation that ended with the arrest of three terror suspects.
    (AP, 8/2/04)
2004        Aug 1, Ulises Ruiz Ortiz (b.1958) was elected governor of Oaxaca, Mexico, by a narrow 2% margin. Defeated candidate Gabino Cue, nominated by an alliance mainly of Convergencia and the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), repeatedly alleged electoral fraud.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jnpk8)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.48)
2004        Aug 1, In Paraguay a fast-spreading fire killed 420 people. Survivors of the inferno in a crowded supermarket on the outskirts of Asuncion said that locked doors slowed their escape. In 2008 a father and son who owned the supermarket were sentenced to prison for manslaughter and endangerment. In 2009 Supreme Court voted 2-1 in favor of a sentence of 12 years for Juan Pio Paiva and 10 years for his son Daniel Paiva. In 2009 a court upheld a two-year prison sentence for architect Bernardo Ismachowiez, designer of the supermarket.
    (AP, 8/2/04)(AP, 8/6/04)(AP, 2/3/08)(AP, 8/6/09)(AP, 8/29/09)
2004        Aug 1, In Peru a bus plunged off a cliff in the Andes Mountains, killing at least 34 passengers and injuring 21.
    (AP, 8/2/04)
2004        Aug 1, The Sudanese cabinet condemned the 30-day deadline for action on Darfur set by the U.N. Security Council, but said it would implement a 90-day program agreed earlier with U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 8/1/04)
2004        Aug 1, World Trade Organization members meeting in Geneva approved a plan to end export subsidies on farm products and cut import duties across the world.
    (AP, 8/1/05)

2005        Aug 1, President Bush sidestepped the Senate and installed embattled nominee John Bolton as ambassador to the United Nations. Bolton would only be able to serve until the end of the current Congress i.e. December 2006.
    (AP, 8/1/05)(Econ, 8/6/05, p.23)
2005        Aug 1, Michael Chertoff, US Sec. of Homeland Security, said most of 582 alleged gang members recently arrested in a 2-week nationwide sweep, could be deported for immigration violations.
    (SFC, 8/2/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 1, The California State Supreme Court ruled that state businesses must treat same-sex domestic couples the same as married couples.
    (SFC, 8/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 1, Rafael Palmeiro, Baltimore Orioles star, was suspended for 10 days for use of steroids. The action raised the possibility of a perjury probe.
    (SFC, 8/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 1, The Oregon state legislature passed the nation’s strictest anti-methamphetamine measure requiring prescriptions for many over-the-counter cold medications. Gov. Ted Kulongoski was expected to sign it within 5-10 days. It posed a challenge to the FDA in regulating medicines.
    (WSJ, 8/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 1, Al Gore and Joel Hyatt premiered their current TV cable and satellite channel. In 2008 Current Media planned an IPO to raise $100 million.
    (www.current.tv/news/nypost080205.html)(SFC, 1/29/08, p.B1)
2005        Aug 1-2005 Sep 2, An American man and 11 Chinese citizens were arrested in a counterfeit medicine scheme that spanned 11 countries and involved millions of dollars worth of fake drugs.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Aug 1, In Brazil Rep. Valdemar Costa Neto, president of the government-allied Liberal Party resigned from Congress, the first lawmaker to step down in a widening corruption scandal that has plagued the government of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2005        Aug 1, Britain revealed a two-year plan for slashing its army garrison and base network to peacetime levels in Northern Ireland in a dramatic, detailed response to Irish Republican Army peace moves.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2005        Aug 1, In Cambodia 2 men who said their confessions were coerced by police were convicted of murder in the death of a prominent labor union leader. Chea Vichea, the former head of Cambodia's Free Trade Union of Workers, was gunned down in January 2004 at a roadside newsstand in the capital, Phnom Penh. The union leader was an outspoken critic of government corruption and human rights abuses.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 1, In Cristales, Colombia, more than 2,000 outlawed paramilitary fighters, from the "Heroes of Granada" faction of the AUC, laid down their arms in return for amnesty. Commander Diego Murillo, an accused drug lord indicted on trafficking charges in the US, stood by and watched. In 2008 Murillo (47) was extradited to the US and pleaded guilty to drug-smuggling charges.
    (AP, 8/1/05)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A2)
2005        Aug 1, In northern Colombia a roadside bomb exploded as a police convoy traveled down a rural highway, killing at least 15 officers.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 1, Egyptian police cornered a main suspect in the Sharm el-Sheik bombings in his mountain hideout and killed him in a shootout that also fatally wounded his wife. The couple's 4-year-old daughter also was wounded.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2005        Aug 1, Iraq announced that it will begin rationing gasoline over the next few months to cope with a continuing fuel shortage.
    (SFC, 8/2/05, p.A5)
2005        Aug 1, In western Iraq six US Marines were killed in Haditha. A 7th Marine was killed by a car bomb in Hit.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 1, Japan said it would retaliate against America’s abuse of WTO anti-dumping rules with a 15% duty on 15 American products.
    (Econ, 8/6/05, p.62)
2005        Aug 1, A prosecutor said that Kyrgyzstan will send 15 Uzbeks asylum seekers back to their home country, despite pleas from the United Nations and rights groups that it violates international treaties on refugees.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2005        Aug 1, In Tonala, Mexico, assailants threw grenades into a crowded cockfighting ring before dawn, killing four people and wounding 25 others.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 1, In Nigeria protesting Akabuka villagers demanding more jobs for their community forced the Nigerian branch of Total SA to shut down the Obagi onshore oil field.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 1, King Fahd (83), Saudi ruler since 1982, died at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh. He moved Saudi Arabia closer to the US but ruled the nation in name only since suffering a stroke in 1995. His half brother, Crown Prince Abdullah, was named to replace him.
    (AP, 8/1/05)(Econ, 8/6/05, p.71)
2005        Aug 1, Rioters burned cars and threw stones in Sudan's capital following news of the death of VP John Garanga in a helicopter crash. Garang's longtime deputy, Silva Kiir, was quickly named to succeed him as head of his Sudan People's Liberation Army and as president of south Sudan. 36 people died in riots.
    (AP, 8/1/05)(AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 1, Trucks loaded with produce and other merchandise began crossing into Syria from Lebanon on their way to Gulf countries after Syria eased restrictions that left them stranded for nearly four weeks in the border area.
    (AP, 8/1/05)
2005        Aug 1, The directors of Turkey's eight privately owned Kurdish language schools announced they were closing them due to bureaucratic hurdles and Kurdish demands for the language to be part of the regular school curriculum.
    (AP, 8/1/05)

2006        Aug 1, Former President Clinton and mayors of some of the world's largest cities announced an initiative to combat climate change and increase energy efficiency in everything from street lights to building materials.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, A US report said graft in Iraq reconstruction is running at $4 billion a year and growing.
    (WSJ, 8/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 1, US sanctions on Myanmar were extended for up to three years under a law signed by President Bush, an attempt to increase pressure on the government to follow through with democratic reforms.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Mel Gibson issued a statement in which he denied being a bigot; he also apologized to "everyone in the Jewish community for the vitriolic and harmful words" he'd used when he was arrested in southern California for investigation of drunken driving.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2006        Aug 1, Kansas voters in the state’s primary ousted the conservative majority on the Board of Education that favored “intelligent design" over Darwin’s theory of evolution.
    (SFC, 8/3/06, p.A3)
2006        Aug 1, Philip H. Knight, founder of Nike Inc., pledged $105 million to the Stanford Graduate School of Business. Most of it will be used for a new $275 million facility to be called the Knight Management Center.
    (SFC, 8/2/06, p.B1)
2006        Aug 1, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed three British soldiers. 18 Taliban militants and one policeman were killed as Afghan forces and coalition aircraft raided an insurgent hide-out near Garmser.
    (AP, 8/1/06)(AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 1, Cabinda, a 7,000 sq-km province of Angola located on the western coast just north of the CongoDRC, signed the “Memorandum of Understanding for Peace in Cabinda" with the government of Angola, granting it “a special statute" and greater autonomy. In 2007 the province pumped over half of Angola’s 1.7 million barrels per day oil production.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, Angola p.8)
2006        Aug 1, Britain launched the country's first public terror alert system and said it faces a severe risk of another terrorist attack.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Chinese official media reported that Mouding county in Yunnan killed as many as 50,000 dogs in a 5-day government campaign ordered after three people died from rabies. China’s government said police have seized about 6,000 illegal firearms and tons of explosives in a two-month crackdown across three provinces.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, A Congolese opposition party and former rebel group denounced widespread fraud in the country's historic elections in a protest that heralded a divisive political dispute over the polls.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Fidel Castro remained out of sight after undergoing intestinal surgery and temporarily turning over power to his brother Raul. He released a statement in which he sought to reassure Cubans that his health was stable after intestinal surgery.
    (AP, 8/1/06)(AP, 8/1/07)
2006        Aug 1, In northern India a school bus carrying about 50 children plunged into a canal, killing at least six children.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad rejected the UN Security Council resolution giving Iran until Aug. 31 to suspend uranium enrichment. Ahmadinejad added that Tehran will pursue its nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Bombings and shootings across Iraq killed over 70 people, including 24 people in a bus destroyed by a roadside bomb in Beiji. In the Karradah neighborhood of Baghdad, a car bomb exploded during morning rush hour near a bank, killing at least 14 people and injuring 37. A US report said graft in Iraq reconstruction is running at $4 billion a year and growing.
    (AP, 8/1/06)(AP, 8/2/06)(WSJ, 8/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 1, Israel's air force fired missiles into northern Gaza, killing a 14-year-old boy and wounding four others near Beit Hanoun.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, In Indian Kashmir 4 security personnel were killed in a shooting at a popular tourist spot.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Heavy fighting raged in the Lebanese border village of Aita al-Shaab, and Hezbollah television said 35 Israeli soldiers had been killed or wounded in the fighting. Israeli warplanes pounded Shiite Lebanese villages in many areas along the border and struck Hezbollah strongholds deep inside the country.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, The Papua New Guinea government declared a state of emergency in the resource-rich Southern Highlands province. PM Somare said security forces had been sent to the graft-ridden province and government controllers appointed to try to restore good governance.
    (AFP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, A Moscow judge declared the Yukos oil company bankrupt, paving the way for the liquidation of what was once Russia's biggest oil producer.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Dutch Cardinal Johannes Willebrands (96), a key figure in the Roman Catholic Church's efforts to improve relations with other Christians and Jews, died.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 1, Officials said incumbent Seychelles President James Michel of the People's Progressive Front won nearly 54% of the vote over the weekend, while opposition leader Wavel Ramkalawan got 46%.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, A pro-rebel Web site reported said Tamil Tiger rebels destroyed a Sri Lanka navy boat in a battle near an eastern port killing 8 sailors. Navy spokesman Commander D.K.P Dassanayake denied the report and said sailors destroyed three rebel attack boats.
    (AP, 8/1/06)
2006        Aug 1, Assailants carried out at least 40 bomb and arson attacks in Thailand's three Muslim-dominated southernmost provinces. At least three people were reported hurt.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2007        Aug 1, A major bridge on I-35W over the Mississippi River collapsed in Minneapolis, Minn., at rush hour. Initial reports said at least 5 people were killed. The bridge dated to 1967. On Aug 9 Navy divers recovered two more bodies, including one identified as a former missionary who had been reported missing. Divers recovered an 8th victim on Aug 10 and a 9th on Aug 12. Two more victims were found on Aug 16. A 12th victim was found Aug 19. The 13th and last victim was found Aug 20. In 2008 Gov. Tim Pawlenty signed a $38 million package to compensate victims of the collapse. In 2010 URS Corp., which had a contract to evaluate the bridge’s structural integrity, reached $5 million settlement with Minnesota. In August URS later agreed to pay over $52 million to settle claims by victims.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(SFC, 8/1/07, p.A5)(AP, 8/10/07)(SFC, 8/11/07, p.A5)(SFC, 8/13/07, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/17/07, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/07, p.A3)(AP, 8/21/07)(WSJ, 5/9/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A5)(SFC, 8/24/10, p.D1)
2007        Aug 1, SF police and homeless outreach workers rousted people sleeping in Golden Gate Park and other parks and encampments.
    (SFC, 8/2/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 1, Tommy Maken (74), Irish-American folk musician who performed for years with the Clancy Brothers, died in Dover, NH.
    (SFC, 8/4/07, p.B5)
2007        Aug 1, The bodies of 4 Afghan judges, kidnapped 11 days ago, were found in Ghazni province, the same province where 21 South Korean hostages were held. Afghanistan dropped leaflets in the area to warn of military action.
    (SFC, 8/2/07, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/2/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 1, The ASEAN summit got underway in Manila. Diplomats held dozens of meetings in the Philippine capital, using the annual gathering of nearly 30 nations to confer on everything from the North Korean crisis to the conflict in Darfur.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, The South Australian Supreme Court ordered its own state government to pay Bruce Trevorrow $448,000 for damages caused when he was taken from his parents without their knowledge 50 years ago.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 1, Bangladesh officials said monsoon floods had misplaced or marooned 5 million people and left 40 dead.
    (SFC, 8/2/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 1, A financial watchdog said British Airways has been fined a record 121.5 million pounds (180 million euros, $246 million) after admitting collusion with Virgin Atlantic over fuel surcharges on tickets. British Airways and Korean Air (for collusion with Lufthansa) agreed to pay $300 million each in fines and plead guilty to federal charges that they colluded with other airlines to set ticket prices. In 2012 the fine against BA was reduced to £58.5 million.
    (AFP, 8/1/07)(SFC, 8/2/07, p.C2)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.48)(AFP, 4/19/12)
2007        Aug 1, In China 69 men trapped in a flooded Chinese coal mine for more than three days were pulled out alive, ending a terrifying ordeal in which they survived on milk and pumped-in oxygen.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, A passenger train derailed in central Congo and eight cars tumbled off the tracks, killing about 100 people and trapping some passengers in the wreckage. People in the southeastern town of Moba attacked the UN office after a local radio station aired false rumors that the United Nations was to resettle Congolese ethnic Tutsis in the region. 4 UN military observers were wounded and 21 staff were evacuated.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 1, Denmark, France and Indonesia offered to contribute to a joint UN-African Union mission for Darfur, a 26,000-strong force expected to be made up mostly of peacekeepers from Africa with backup from Asian troops. Sudan accepted a UN resolution approving a joint African Union-UN peacekeeping force in Darfur.
    (AP, 8/1/07)(AFP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, A French court ruled that indictments for Wenceslas Munyeshyaka and another man, Laurent Bucyibaruta, violated the presumption of innocence. Rwanda had sought the extradition of the 2 men for their roles in the country's 1994 genocide.
    (Reuters, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 1, Guatemala's Congress voted to create a commission of foreign experts to investigate organized crime and police corruption.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, An overcrowded boat evacuating people from a flooded village capsized in a rain-swollen river in northern India, killing at least 28 people. Dozens of people were killed across South Asia as surging flood waters caused by heavy monsoon rains forced millions from their homes.
    (AFP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, Iran publicly hanged seven men in the second round of collective executions in 10 days. The Web site of the state's broadcasting company said they were hanged on charges of rape, kidnapping and robbery in Mashad. Iran arrested more than 200 music fans at an underground rock concert that one official called a "satanic" gathering and authorities accused the youths of breaking Islamic law.
    (AP, 8/1/07)(AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 1, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab political bloc announced its withdrawal from the government, undermining efforts to seek reconciliation among the country's rival factions. Two bombing attacks in Baghdad killed at least 67 people. In one attack, 50 people were killed and 60 wounded when a suicide attacker exploded a fuel truck near a gas station in western Baghdad. Another 17 died in a separate car bomb attack in central Baghdad. A parked car bomb killed 3 people and wounded 5 in southern Baghdad in a mostly Christian area. Altogether at least 142 Iraqis were killed or found dead, including 70 who died in three separate bombings in Baghdad. One US soldiers was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/1/07)(AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 1, Norihiko Akagi, Japan's scandal-embroiled agriculture minister, stepped down, taking responsibility for a shattering election defeat for the ruling party. Akagi had been hit by an embarrassing accounting scandal, which was widely viewed as a major reason behind the ruling election loss.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, Two Lebanese soldiers were killed in heavy fighting with al-Qaida-inspired militants holed up in a Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 1, Russian explorers readied for a historic descent to the bottom of the Arctic Ocean under the North Pole as part of an expedition to claim the area for Russia.
    (AP, 8/1/07)       
2007        Aug 1, Russia's state-controlled gas monopoly said that it will reduce natural gas supplies to Belarus by 45 percent as of Aug 3 after Minsk failed to pay in full for previous gas shipments.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, It was reported that more than 100 Serbian Gypsies have crossed the border illegally into neighboring Romania in recent days and filed applications for asylum claiming they were subject to abuse and attacks in Serbia.
    (AP, 8/1/07)
2007        Aug 1, South Korea’s Agriculture Ministry halted quarantine inspections of American beef shipments after finding a banned vertebral column in a recent shipment. Without such inspections, the beef cannot be brought to market.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 1, Rebels captured the town of Adila, where Sudanese troops were stationed to protect the only railway linking Darfur to the capital of Khartoum. Some 100 (Sudanese) soldiers or janjaweed were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 1, In southern Thailand a rebel ambush and bombs left 11 people dead.
    (SFC, 8/2/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 1, An opposition-aligned television channel (RCTV), already booted from the airwaves, faced a deadline to agree to carry speeches by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez or be yanked from the cable lineup.
    (AP, 8/1/07)

2008        Aug 1, US Federal and state regulators closed First Priority Bank of Bradenton, Florida, the 8th US bank to fail this year. It would be acquired by SunTrustBanks Inc.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A3)(www.fpbank.com/)
2008        Aug 1, In eastern Afghanistan 4 NATO soldiers were killed in a bomb blast in Kunar province. Another soldier was killed in a separate explosion in Khost province. More than a dozen" rebels were killed in ground fighting and air strikes after attacking an Afghan and US-led coalition patrol in the southern province of Uruzgan. Several more were killed in the southwestern province of Farah after their hideout was discovered. Three other militants linked to Taliban, one of them a doctor, were killed when a bomb they were planting exploded in eastern Khost province. Islamic rebels captured six policemen following a brief firefight in Khost province.
    (AFP, 8/1/08)(AFP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 1, Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto said it received correspondence from Guinea President Lansana Conte "purporting to rescind the Simandou Mining Concession." Just before his death on Dec 22 Conte signed rights to mine the northern half of the Simandou Mining Concession to Israeli businessman Benny Steinmetz for $160m, who in turn soon sold a 51% stake to Brazil’s Vale for $2.5 billion.
    (AFP, 8/3/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.57)(Econ, 12/6/14, p.78)
2008        Aug 1, China’s broad anti-monopoly law, promulgated in August, 2007, went into effect. It became informally referred to as its economic constitution.
    (www.iflr.com/Article/2017768/Anti-Monopoly-Law.html)(Econ, 3/21/09, p.68)
2008        Aug 1, In southern Egypt 12 people were killed and 16 others wounded when two speeding passenger buses rammed into a truck.
    (AFP, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, A German farmer who lost both his arms in an accident was successfully fitted with two new limbs in what is believed to be the first complete double arm transplant.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, In southern India at least 32 people have died after several coaches of the Gautami Express train caught fire.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, In Iraq a roadside bomb attack has killed two Iraqi soldiers and wounded two others in northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, The body of Fernando Marti, the 14-year-old son of a prominent businessman, was found in the trunk of a car in Mexico City. He had been kidnapped in June. The kidnap and murder prompted a wave of anti-crime protests across the nation. In September police detained five suspects including Sergio Ortiz, a former agent of a now-disbanded city detective force, who led the "Flower Gang" responsible for kidnapping Marti in June. In July, 2009, Jose Montiel (34) and Noe Robles (31) were arrested for the kidnapping. They were believed to be members of a Mexico City gang responsible for at least 23 abductions.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(AP, 7/18/09)
2008        Aug 1, In northwestern Pakistan about 35 militants kidnapped 2 policemen on the outskirts of Khar.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, Hamas forces seized about 15 leaders of Fatah in Gaza, upping the stakes in a week of tit-for-tat arrests between the bitter Palestinian rivals. Fatah said more than 200 of its men have been seized over the past week. Five Palestinians died and 18 were wounded in a smuggling tunnel under the Gaza-Egypt border after Egyptian troops blew up the entrance.
    (AP, 8/1/08)(AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 1, Leonid Nevzlin, a top manager of the now defunct YUKOS business empire, was sentenced by a Russian court to life in prison for ordering a series of high profile murders, a verdict he dismissed as the result of a show trial organized by the Kremlin.
    (Reuters, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, In Sri Lanka new fighting between government forces and the rebels across the country's embattled northern region killed 38 rebels and 14 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 1, A sniper assassinated Brig. Gen. Mohammed Suleiman, a senior Syrian general close to President Bashar Assad, at a beach resort in the northern port city of Tartous.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 1, An African Union (AU) peacekeeper from Uganda was killed when a roadside bomb struck his convoy in the capital Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 8/1/08)
2008        Aug 1, King George Tupou V was crowned King of Tonga. His elaborate 5-day coronation cost some $2.5 million.
    (Econ, 8/9/08, p.42)(SFC, 3/20/12, p.C5)
2008        Aug 1, In central Turkey a three-story girls dormitory collapsed, killing at least 18 students and setting off a search for a half dozen people believed to be under the rubble in Balcilar. A gas leak from kitchen pipes caused the powerful explosion, leaving another 27 people injured. 3 dormitory administrators were charged on August 3 with "causing death through negligence."
    (AP, 8/1/08)(AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 1, The UN atomic watchdog's board of governors unanimously approved an inspections agreement with India that is key to finalizing a US-India nuclear deal.
    (AP, 8/1/08)

2009        Aug 1, The new US Post-9/11 GI Bill took effect to reimburse veterans for their full undergraduate tuition at public colleges. An amount equivalent to that tuition would go to veterans who choose private schools or graduate programs.
    (SFC, 8/1/09, p.A1)
2009        Aug 1, In San Francisco David Wehrer (26) shot and killed himself when police caught up with him 4 days after his partner, Robert Christopher (56), was found dead in their Castro Street apartment.
    (SFC, 8/17/09, p.C1)
2009        Aug 1, In Detroit a woman (24) was shot killed during a street robbery by a boy (12).
    (SFC, 8/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Aug 1, In Afghanistan 3 US troops were killed by improvised explosives in Kandahar province and a French soldier was killed in an insurgent attack in Kapisa province. Two more ISAF troops were killed when two bomb blasts struck their patrol in the south. A dozen rebels were killed in a gunfight with police in the southwestern province of Nimroz. 4 Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb planted by "terrorists" in southern Helmand province. 3 policemen including a senior officer were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in the northern province of Baghlan.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)(AFP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, Australia's centre-left ruling party voted for national recognition of same-sex unions but stopped short of lifting a ban on gay marriage.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, Brazilian police said they have busted a ring that allegedly sent some 200 women in the last year to the United States, Europe and elsewhere to work as prostitutes. Most of the women were recruited through the Internet or Brazilian brothels and then sent to Las Vegas, the Dominican Republic and France.
    (AP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, Burundi said it has deployed a third battalion of 850 soldiers to Mogadishu to reinforce the African Union peacekeeping mission there. With the new troops, more than 5,000 soldiers from Burundi and Uganda are now taking part in the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), which began in March 2007 and has cost the lives of 17 Burundian soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, In Canada a fierce thunderstorm caused an outdoor stage to collapse at the Big Valley Jamboree in Camrose, a country music festival in central Alberta. One person was killed and up to 40 others injured.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, Humanitarian groups said members of the Lord's Resistance Army, a Ugandan rebel group, have launched attacks against towns in the Central African Republic that have left at least 10 people dead in the last two weeks. The attacks by the LRA, launched from its rear bases in the Democratic Republic of Congo, have also forced hundreds of people to flee their villages.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, It was reported that output from Chile’s fish farms was expected to be down 40% this year due to infectious salmon anemia (ISA). The virus also led to premature harvesting for fear other fish would catch the disease, which apparently turned up in imported salmon eggs.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.34)
2009        Aug 1, China’s Ziketan town in Qinghai province was put under collective quarantine when laboratory tests showed it had been struck by the highly virulent disease. 2 of its residents had recently died from pneumonic plague, which spreads through the air, making it easier to contract than bubonic plague, which requires that a person is bitten by an infected flea. Its fatality rate was up to 100% if left untreated, compared with 60% for bubonic plague. The outbreak was first detected on July 30.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)(AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 1, Chinese police detained the head of the Xianghe Chemical Factory and the government suspended the chief and deputy chief of the city's environment protection bureau.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, The war in Iraq became an American-only effort after Britain and Australia, the last of its international partners, pulled out. In Iraq a bomb hidden inside a toilet struck a Sunni mosque south of Baghdad, injuring two people, the latest in a wave of attacks against Islamic sites of worship. Al-Jazeera television broadcast an audio clip purportedly from Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, a former top deputy of Saddam Hussein, calling on Sunni insurgents to unite under one political umbrella.
    (AP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, In Tel Aviv, Israel, a gunman shot and killed two people, a man (26), who was a counselor at the center, and a girl (17) at a youth club. This was initially considered as the worst ever attack on homosexuals in Israel. Eleven people were wounded, four of them seriously. In 2013 police arrested 4 suspects in connection with the killing and said the shooting was no longer being considered as a hate crime.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(AP, 6/7/13)
2009        Aug 1, Kyrgyzstan allowed Russia to open a second military base on its territory, expanding Moscow's military reach to balance against the US presence.
    (Reuters, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, Police broke up Malaysia's biggest street protest in nearly two years, firing tear gas and chemical-laced water at thousands of opposition supporters demanding an end to a law that allows detention without trial.
    (AP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, Two Moroccan magazines were taken off news stands after they published an opinion poll on the 10 years under the reign of King Mohammed VI. The poll revealed that 91% of Moroccans who were interviewed say that the performance of the reign of King Mohammed VI is positive or very positive.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, Mozambique’s Pres. Armando Guebuza inaugurated an 80-million-euro (113-million-dollar) bridge over the Zambezi River, a major link for a country long divided between north and south. Work on the bridge had begun in 1977.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, In Nigeria robbers hijacked the bus on Sagamu-Benin expressway in Ogun State and forced passengers to lie on a road at gunpoint as they ransacked their bus. 20 people were crushed to death as a truck ran into them.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 1, The Sydney Morning Herald reported that North Korea is helping Myanmar build a secret nuclear reactor and plutonium extraction plant to build an atomic bomb within five years, citing the evidence of defectors. "In the event that the testimony of the defectors is proved, the alleged secret reactor could be capable of being operational and producing one bomb a year, every year, after 2014."
    (AFP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, In Pakistan an angry mob of Muslims killed six Christians and wounded dozens after burning 40 houses and a church over the alleged desecration of the Koran in Gojra village, Punjab province. Two men wounded by gunfire died in the hospital overnight. A building collapsed in Karachi killing at least 21 people.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)(AP, 8/2/09)(SSFC, 8/2/09, p.A6)
2009        Aug 1, In the Philippines former President Corazon Aquino (b.1933) died. The "people power" uprising she led in 1986 brought down the repressive 20-year regime of Ferdinand Marcos and served as an inspiration to nonviolent resistance across the globe. Due to the time difference her death was reported in the US on July 31.
    (Reuters, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, Authorities in the separatist Georgian region of South Ossetia said two mortar shells were fired into the territory from Georgia proper. Georgia denied the claim and suggested it was a provocation ahead of the anniversary of last year's war with Russia.
    (AP, 8/1/09)

2010        Aug 1, In Alaska a Fairchild C-123 registered to All West Freight of Delta Junction crashed in Denali National Park killing all 3 people on board.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100802/ap_on_re_us/us_alaska_plane_crash)
2010        Aug 1, Robert Boyle (b.1909), art director for Alfred Hitchcock, died.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.72)
2010        Aug 1, In southern Afghanistan a minibus full of civilians struck a roadside bomb in Kandahar, and six of those on board were killed. A NATO service member died after an insurgent attack in south.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne told the country's banks they must use their first-half profits to start lending to businesses again.
    (AFP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In Chechnya, three unknown men armed with Kalashnikovs ambushed a police patrol in Grozny, the capital, and killed two officers.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In China a drunken Li Xianliang was finally subdued after he pulled an earthmover into the coal depot where he worked in Yuanshi county, Hebei province. The depot had been the place where Li had begun his murderous spree by killing his employer and 16 others. Li was taken into custody and faced the death penalty for murder.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 1, President Raul Castro said more Cubans will be allowed to work for themselves and hire their own workers as the government tries to create more productive employment.
    (Reuters, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In Dagestan 3 militants broke into the home of Lt. Col. Yunus Khulatayev, a senior investigator, and shot him dead after binding his wife and son with tape in the next room.
    (AP, 8/1/10)(SFC, 8/2/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 1, In Greece an 8-day truck drivers' strike was called off as protesters agreed to enter talks with the government. The strike wreaked havoc, stranding thousands of tourists, destroying lucrative fruit exports and drying up fuel supplies nationwide.
    (Econ, 8/7/10, p.53)(http://tinyurl.com/2wrybtk)
2010        Aug 1, In northern India a truck carrying Hindu pilgrims plunged into a gorge in a mountainous region in Uttarakhand state, killing at least 20 people as rescuers searched for another seven who were missing.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In Indian Kashmir two men and a girl were killed after security forces opened fire at thousands of protesters who defied a curfew, as pro-independence protests spread across the region.
    (AFP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, Israel approved new residency criteria that could result in the deportations of hundreds of children of migrant workers.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, Dutch troops ended their mission in Afghanistan after four "proud" years, in a departure experts say signals the beginning of a drawdown of foreign forces that will leave a worrying void. Troops held a "change of command" ceremony at the main military base in central Uruzgan province where most of the country's 1,950 soldiers have been deployed. About 150 Dutch fighting forces were left in country, and they are set to leave next week.
    (AFP, 8/1/10)(AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded as army troops were clearing a road in the northwestern tribal region, killing two soldiers.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In northwestern Pakistan the death toll from massive floods rose to 1,100 as rescue workers struggled to save more than 27,000 people still trapped by the raging water.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In Russia hundreds of new fires broke out in forests and fields that have been dried to a crisp by drought and record heat.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, In South Africa 22 elderly people died when a fire swept through their old age and frail care center outside of Johannesburg.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 1, In Thailand several hundred Red Shirt protesters defied a state of emergency in Bangkok to stage a symbolic protest, with hundreds of people sprawling on the ground and chanting, "People died here!"
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, Turkish media reported that 4 civilians died when their vehicle hit a landmine that Kurdish rebels are suspected of planting in southeastern Turkey.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, UNESCO added five cultural sites to its World Heritage List, including the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long-Hanoi in Vietnam. The other new sites include the historic monuments of Dengfeng in China, the archaeological site Sarazm in Tajikistan, the Episcopal city of Albi in France and a 17th-century canal ring in Amsterdam.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, The United Arab Emirates said it plans to block some messaging and Web services on BlackBerry smart phones, days after it warned the device could pose a potential threat to national security and social values.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe lashed out at Western powers over sanctions imposed on his ZANU-PF party, saying the European Union and United States were simply bent on driving him out of power. Mugabe said Zimbabwe's diamonds should benefit the entire country, as he urged greedy politicians to blunt their appetite for individual wealth.
    (Reuters, 8/1/10)(AFP, 8/1/10)

2011        Aug 1, The Obama administration sued to block enforcement of Alabama's new immigration law, widely considered to be the toughest measure in the United States to try to crack down on illegal immigrants.
    (Reuters, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, The US House of Representatives voted 269-161 to approve the debt-limit deal reached by leaders a day earlier. Democrats provided 95 votes as 66 Republicans voted no.
    (SFC, 8/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 1, Central Falls, Rhode Island, filed for bankruptcy as it faced unfunded pension and benefit liabilities nearly 4 times its annual budget. Former state Supreme Court Justice Robert G. Flanders Jr. became the receiver superseding the powers of the elected city officials.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.89)(http://tinyurl.com/7lwpbxg)(AP, 1/15/12)
2011        Aug 1, BBC journalists began a second 24-hour strike in a row over job losses, threatening disruption to some of the broadcaster's flagship programs.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Chinese authorities shot dead two Uighur men suspected of fomenting deadly ethnic unrest in Kashgar and vowed a further crackdown on "religious extremists." The deaths bring to 21 the number of people reported killed in Kashgar since the weekend. China blamed Islamic radicals trained in Pakistan for the attacks. Many of Xinjiang's roughly nine million Turkic-speaking Uighurs are unhappy with what they say has been decades of political and religious repression, and the unwanted immigration of the Han, China's dominant ethnic group.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)(SFC, 8/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 1, CongoDRC officials arrested Colonel Balumisa Chuma as he was smuggling a convoy of minerals in the east of the country.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Egypt troops clashed with protesters camping out at a central Cairo square as military police move in to dismantle their tents.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Germany a Berlin state court ordered breweries to stop advertising beer as something good for peoples’ looks and health.
    (SFC, 8/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 1, In Guinea 16 people, including 10 soldiers, were charged with attempted assassination for an attack on Pres. Alpha Conde's home two weeks ago. Witness Jean Kolie said 60 people were wounded in a clash that erupted last week when residents in southern Guinea refused to let the government expropriate their land for oil and rubber production.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 1, In India at least five people died in a bomb blast in the Sangakpham Bazaar in Imphal, Manipur state, which has been plagued for decades by separatist militants.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)(SFC, 8/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 1, In Indonesia unknown gunmen killed four people in a pre-dawn ambush on a road outside Jayapura, Papua province.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, Israeli soldiers shot dead 2 Palestinian stone throwers overnight in the Qalandiya refugee camp in the West Bank. Moatassem Adwan (22) and Ali Khalifa (23) were killed by soldiers as they carried out arrests in the camp.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Italian officials said 25 African migrants trying to reach Italy from Libya died in the hold of a rickety boat so packed with people that the migrants could not get out as they struggled to breathe.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, NATO sent reserve forces to Kosovo and removed roadblocks put up by Serbs in Kosovo's north, but barricades still remain following a week of violence that left one Kosovo policeman dead.
    (AP, 8/1/11)(AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Libya forces loyal to Kadhafi were again in control of the village of Josh at the foot of the western Nafusa mountains. Rebels had taken the village a day earlier.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Malta sentenced Rev. Charles Pulis and Rev. Godwin Scerri to 5 and 6 years in prison after they were convicted of sexually abusing boys under their care in St Joseph's Home for children more than 20 years ago.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Mexico Moises Montero Alvarez (42), nicknamed "The Korean," was captured along with a 21-year-old and two teenagers believed to be accomplices. Alvarez is suspected of being a leader in the local Independent Cartel of Acapulco. Alvarez is accused of helping to carry out the Sept. 30 kidnapping of 20 vacationing men from Michoacan state. 3 marines were apparently kidnapped by drug cartels in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 1, Niger security forces broke up demonstrations by hundreds of people after weeks of electricity cuts, with several protesters wounded and arrested.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, North Korea launched a massive synchronized dance and gymnastics show meant to glorify its leaders and unify its people ahead of a crucial anniversary next year.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Pakistan a US drone strike targeting a vehicle near the Afghan border killed at least four militants in South Waziristan. 23 people were reported gunned down in Karachi.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)(AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, In the Philippines 8 police officers were arrested after Commission on Human Rights chief Loretta Ann Rosales alerted the interior ministry to two videos she said showed a group of naked and blindfolded police recruits being force-fed and rubbed with red-hot chilies. 6 more officers were soon arrested in a widening investigation.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Somalia 2 African Union soldiers and two would-be suicide bombers, dressed as government soldiers, were killed during a shootout in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, South African coal miners ended their weeklong strike after signing a pay rise agreement ranging from 7.5 to 10.5 percent.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 1, A South Korean prosecutor said officials have arrested five South Koreans on suspicions of spying for North Korea.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Sri Lanka acknowledged for the first time that civilian casualties occurred in the final phase of its 26-year civil war against Tamil Tiger rebels, but called the deaths unavoidable.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Aug 1, Syrian troops kept up attacks on the restive city of Hama on the start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. The EU expanded its sanctions against Syria, imposing asset freezes and travel bans against five more military and government officials. Some 24 people were reported killed in Hama. Activists later said 130 civilians were killed in the first day of the attack in Hama.
    (AP, 8/1/11)(AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 1, In Yemen 2 tribesmen and 2 soldiers were killed in fierce clashes near the strife-torn country second city of Taez.
    (AFP, 8/1/11)

2012        Aug 1, It was reported that President Barack Obama has signed a secret order authorizing US support for rebels seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government.
    (Reuters, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, A US federal appeals court blocked an Arizona law that would set the nation’s tightest restrictions on midterm abortions banning them at 20 weeks except in medical emergencies.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 1, Knight Capital, an American equity broker, started to use a new software program to execute trades. Within an hour the program caused turmoil in the market sending errant buy-and-sell orders that cost the company $440 million.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.10, 65)
2012        Aug 1, A court in London jailed identical twin brothers for three years after they admitted a charge of fundraising for acts of terrorism abroad. Mohammed Shabir Ali and Mohammed Shafiq Ali (25) were part of a "network of support" for their older brother while he was at a terrorist training camp in Somalia.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Eight badminton players were dramatically disqualified from Olympic competition after a scandal over "throwing" matches left the sport in uproar. Four pairs in the women's doubles competition, one from China, one from Indonesia and two from South Korea, were barred after being hit by disciplinary charges.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Chile McDonald's, Burger King, KFC and other fast-food companies were accused in Chile of violating the country's new law against including toys with children's meals. Sen. Guido Gerardi filed a formal complaint with the health authority accusing those and other companies of knowingly endangering the health of children by marketing kids' meals with toys more than a month after the law took effect June 7.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, It was reported that authorities in China's restive northwestern region of Xinjiang have banned Muslim officials and students from fasting during Ramadan, prompting an exiled rights group to warn of new violence.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In northeast China a teenager (17) killed nine people and wounding four others in a knife attack in Liaoning province's Xinbin county. Police nabbed him as he was preparing to jump from a building in an apparent suicide attempt.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Colombia unions and greens held marches across the country demanding stricter environmental safeguards regarding mining.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.34)
2012        Aug 1, India overturned its ban on foreign investment from Pakistan in a move designed to build goodwill amid a renewed push for a peace settlement between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Iraqi official figures were released showing July as the deadliest month in Iraq in almost two years, with 325 people killed in attacks, and included the deadliest day since December 2009.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Italian oil company Eni SpA said it discovered more natural gas off the coast of Mozambique, expanding the yield of a major field off the southeast African nation that's the company's largest find.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Libya an explosion believed to have been caused by a bomb ripped through the military intelligence building in Benghazi at dawn, causing damage to the structure and nearby homes but no injuries. The blast took place hours after gunmen stormed a jail in Benghazi and freed Islamist militant Salem al-Obeidi, the suspected killer of former rebel chief Abdel-Fattah Younis in July, 2011.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, West African bloc ECOWAS pledged support for Mali's interim Pres. Dioncounda Traore, after mediators extended a deadline for the country to form a unity government.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Palestinian sources said Ayman al-Shufra, a militant with the armed wing of Gaza's ruling Hamas movement, died in Gaza City after the car he was travelling in exploded.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In the Philippines a waste spillage at the Philippines' largest gold threatened to contaminate one of the country's largest rivers. On Aug 3 the government said the spillage at the Padcal mine has been contained.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 1, Somali leaders voted overwhelmingly to adopt a new constitution that contains new individual rights and sets the country on a course for a more powerful and representative government. The vote came after two thunderous blasts at the gates of the meeting site from a failed suicide attack. Security forces shot dead two bombers at the gate to the meeting area.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Spain‘s police arrested three suspected members of al-Qaida (a Russian, a Russian of Chechen descent, and a Turk), who had amassed explosives and may have been plotting attacks in Spain or elsewhere in Europe. Two of them had practiced flying light aircraft.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Sudan Abdelrahman Mohammed Eissa, the head of Al-Waha district in North Darfur state, succumbed to his wounds in hospital after an ambush of his car in Kutum town.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, In Syria rebels continued battling government forces for a 12th day. The UN mission in Syria said its observers have witnessed government fighter jets opening fire on Aleppo.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Tanzania called for an amicable resolution to a dispute with Malawi over oil and gas exploration in Lake Malawi.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Doctors Without Borders said the first victim of the latest Ebola outbreak in Uganda was a 3-month-old girl and that of the 65 people who attended her funeral, 15 later contracted the deadly disease and at least 11 of those have since died.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 1, The United Arab Emirates said it has signed and Australia have signed a pact with Australia to work together on the peaceful use of nuclear energy, laying the groundwork for potential shipments of uranium to the Gulf nation.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Aug 1, Vietnam’s state media said a soldier has been thrown out of the army after posting graphic photographs on Facebook of the torture and killing of 2 rare wild monkeys.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2013        Aug 1, The United States and Pakistan agreed to re-establish a "full partnership", hoping to end years of acrimony over US drone strikes on Pakistani soil, the raid that killed Osama bin Laden and other grievances.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn eliminated the salaries of 176 members of the state’s General Assembly for failing to tackle the state’s pension woes.
    (SSFC, 9/1/13, p.26)
2013        Aug 1, US gay couples exchanged vows in Minnesota and Rhode Island as the number of states allowing same sex marriages grew to 13 plus Washington DC.
    (SFC, 8/2/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 1, In Manhattan federal court jury found Fabrice Tourre guilty on six counts of securities fraud, including one of “aiding and abetting" his former employer, Goldman Sachs.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.62)
2013        Aug 1, In Ohio Ariel Castro (53), the man convicted of holding three women captive and raping them for a decade, was sentenced to life without parole plus 1,000 years.
    (SFC, 8/2/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 1, US National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden left the transit zone of a Moscow airport and entered Russia after authorities granted him temporary asylum to July 31, 2014.
    (AP, 8/1/13)(SFC, 8/2/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 1, Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways said it plans to acquire a 49% stake in Serbia's JAT Airways in a wide-ranging deal that will bring a new name and expanded routes for the struggling Belgrade-based carrier.
    (AP, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, In Afghanistan a roadside mine exploded, killing 2 policemen and a prosecutor, and wounding seven people in Faryab province.
    (AP, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, A Bangladesh court declared as illegal the country's main Islamic party, Jamaat-e-Islami, effectively banning it from a general election due early next year. Party activists took to the streets in the capital, Dhaka, and other towns including Bogra, Jessore and Gaibandha.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, Chinese authorities declared a “level 2" weather emergency as temperatures climbed to at least 140 degrees in some parts of the country. Shanghai counted at least 10 people dead from heatstroke over the last month and measured a 28th day above 95 degrees.
    (SFC, 8/2/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 1, Egypt's army-backed government urged supporters of deposed president Mohamed Mursi to abandon their Cairo protest camps, promising them a safe exit if they gave up without a fight.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, Ghana's government said that its navy has intercepted a ship and arrested its crew on suspicion of involvement in the hijacking of an oil products tanker off Gabon last July 15.
    (Reuters, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 1, Spain’s PM Mariano Rajoy told lawmakers that his government would toughen up corruption laws and rules for the allocation of public contracts, in the wake of a corruption scandal.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, In Sweden two topless activists climbed over a fence into the Russian embassy in Stockholm to protest against the country's anti-gay bill and stigmatization of homosexuals.
    (AP, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, In Syria huge explosions rocked regime-held districts in Homs, sending a massive ball of fire into the sky and causing successive blasts that activists said likely came from a struck weapons depot.
    (AP, 8/1/13)
2013        Aug 1, In east Yemen at least 3 suspected al Qaeda militants were killed by missiles fired from an unmanned aircraft, the third such strike in under a week.
    (Reuters, 7/31/13)
2013        Aug 1, Zimbabwe PM Morgan Tsvangirai said the Aug 31 election was heavily manipulated and did not meet regional or African election standards. A poll monitoring group not affiliated with the state also said the poll was compromised by a campaign to stop voters from casting ballots.
    (AP, 8/1/13)

2014        Aug 1, US Pres. Obama signed the Unlocking Consumer choice and Wireless Competition Act.
    (http://tinyurl.com/o4s9wcp)(Econ, 12/6/14, TQ p.10)
2014        Aug 1, Southern California Edison laid out a draft plan to dismantle the twin nuclear reactors at San Onofre shut down in 2012 due to a radiation leak. The project would take two decades and cost $4.4 billion.
    (SSFC, 8/3/14, p.A8)
2014        Aug 1, In California Chester D. Turner (47), already on death row for 10 murders, was given four more death sentences for what a Los Angeles prosecutor called the city's most prolific serial killing.
    (AP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, Colorado began issuing driver's licenses and identification cards to immigrants regardless of their legal status, underscoring a sea change in a state that less than a decade ago passed strict immigration enforcement laws.
    (AP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, In Oregon a hotel housekeeper discovered an injured 13-year-old girl and the body of her 2-year-old sister at a coastal inn. Police were searching for their mother, Jessica Smith (40) of Goldendale, Washington.
    (AP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, In Algeria a 5.6 earthquake shook Algiers leaving 6 people dead. 4 died after jumping from windows in panic and 2 from heart attacks.
    (SFC, 8/2/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 1, In Azerbaijan at least 10 people were killed in skirmishes between Azeri government forces and ethnic Armenian separatists controlling the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh enclave of Azerbaijan.
    (Reuters, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, Britain's state-rescued Royal Bank of Scotland said it has capped lending in Russia after the imposition this week of new economic sanctions against Moscow linked to the Ukraine crisis.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, China acknowledged the existence of a new intercontinental ballistic missile said to be capable of carrying multiple nuclear warheads as far as the United States. The Dongfeng-41 (DF-41) is designed to have a range of 12,000 km (7,500 miles).
    (AFP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, Police in China's Xinjiang region shot dead 9 suspected terrorists and captured one.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, Egypt told the Islamic Jihad it is delaying talks on a long-term Gaza ceasefire after Israel revealed one of its soldiers may have been captured.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, Greece safely evacuated embassy staff and more than one hundred Chinese and European nationals from Libya with a navy frigate sailing back to the Greek port of Piraeus.
    (Reuters, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, The leaders of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone agreed to a $100 million emergency action plan to beef the response to Ebola.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 1, In Iraq at least 17 soldiers were killed in a fierce battle against jihadists south of Baghdad. 23 jihadists from the Islamic State were also killed. Bombs in and around the capital left another 16 people dead. In northern Iraq Islamic State fighters killed 16 Kurdish troops in attacks on Zumar.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)(AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 1, Israel declared a Gaza ceasefire over and killed more than 50 Palestinians in renewed shelling, saying militants had breached the truce shortly after it began. Some 150 people were killed and 220 wounded by Israeli shelling after militants attacked soldiers searching for tunnels near the southern town of Rafah killing 3 soldiers including 2nd Lieutenant Hadar Goldin (23), who was initially reported captured. Israeli forces killed 2 Palestinians in clashes in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 8/1/14)(Reuters, 8/2/14)(AP, 8/3/14)(Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 1, Japan named five uninhabited small isles belonging to an island group in the center of a dispute with China as part of efforts to reinforce its claim, a move likely to spark anger from Beijing and another claimant, Taiwan.
    (AP, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, Japan announced that it will give Vietnam six naval gunboats to boost its patrol capacity.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.33)
2014        Aug 1, In Kenya journalist Godwin Chepkurgor was attacked and killed while on assignment for a magazine by a bull elephant that scooped him up with its trunk and threw him in the air. In 2005 Chepkurgor made headlines after revealing that he had written Clinton to ask for daughter Chelsea's hand in 2000 during the then-president's visit to Kenya.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 1, It was reported that the New Zealand government has approved a massive airdrop of biodegradable poison 1080 over 4,000 square miles to kill some 30 million rats and 25,000 weasels, that threaten the native wildlife population.
    (www.earthweek.com/2014/ew140801/ew140801b.html)
2014        Aug 1, Tunisia closed its main border crossing with Libya after thousands of stranded Egyptian and foreign nationals, fleeing militias' fighting and violence in Libya, tried to break through the passage. Tunisian guards shot into the air and fired tear gas to stop a group of Egyptians from storming across the border.
    (AP, 8/2/14)(Reuters, 8/1/14)
2014        Aug 1, A Ugandan court invalidated an antigay bill signed into law last Feb 24 because it was passed during a parliamentary session that lacked a quorum.
    (SFC, 8/2/14, p.A3)
2014        Aug 1, In eastern Ukraine a team of several dozen international investigators descended on the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 crash site. At least 10 Ukrainian soldiers were killed when their convoy was ambushed by pro-Russian separatist rebels in a town close to the wreckage site. The mayor of Lugansk warned that the insurgent stronghold is on the verge a humanitarian catastrophe, as a siege by government troops has seen water, electricity and food supplies cut off.
    (AP, 8/1/14)(AFP, 8/2/14)

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