Today in History - August 2

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216BC    Aug 2, Hannibal Barca of Carthage won his greatest victory over the Romans at Cannae. Hannibal seized a grain depot in the small village of Cannae in order to lure the Romans to battle. Having crossed over the Alps, Hannibal‘s forces defeated the Romans at the Trebia River and also at Lake Trasimene. Thereafter, the Romans were unwilling to commit a large force to attacking Hannibal. However, Hannibal‘s spies had learned two Roman consuls shared command of the legions and attempted to goad the more impetuous of the two into battle at Cannae.
    (HN, 8/2/98)(HNQ, 11/16/00)

47BC        Aug 2, Caesar defeated Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declares "veni, vidi, vici," (I came, I saw, I conquered).
    (HN, 8/2/98)

257    Aug 2, Pope Stefanus I (St. Stephen), bishop of Rome (254-57), heretic fighter, died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

686        Aug 2, John V, 1st Greek-Syrian Pope (685-86), died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1002        Aug 2, Abu Amir Mohammed ibn Abd Allah ibn Mohammed ibn Abi Amir (64) died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1100        Aug 2, William II (44), [Rufus], king of England, was shot dead in New Forest.
1100        Aug 2, Henry I (1068-1135), the son of William the Conqueror, became King of England. He soon published the Charter of Liberties to persuade barons that he would behave more reasonably than his brother William Rufus.
    (, 12/20/14, p.34)

1455        Aug 2, Johan Cicero, elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), was born.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1552        Aug 2, The treaty of Passau gave religious freedom to Protestants living in Germany.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1553        Aug 2, An invading French army was destroyed at the Battle of Marciano in Italy by an imperial army.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1589        Aug 2, Henry III, King of France, was assassinated by a Jacobin monk, Jacques Clement. Last of the House of Valois, he named Henry (1553-1610), King of Navarre, to succeed him. During France's religious war, a fanatical monk stabbed King Henry II to death.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.24)(WUD, 1994, p.662)(HN, 8/2/98)

1754        Aug 2, Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French engineer who designed the layout of Washington, D.C., was born.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1776         Aug 2, In Philadelphia most members of the Continental Congress began attaching their signatures to the parchment copy of the Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Harrison was one of the signers. His son and grandson later became the 9th and 23rd presidents of the US. Most of the 55 signatures were affixed on August 2, but Matthew Thornton of New Hampshire, who was not a member of Congress when the declaration was adopted, added his name in November.
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.61)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-6)(AP, 8/2/97)(HNQ, 7/4/99)

1782        Aug 2, George Washington created the Honorary Badge of Distinction. [see Aug 7]
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1787        Aug 2, Horace de Saussure, Swiss scientist, reached the top of Mont Blanc.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1788        Aug 2, Thomas Gainsborough (61), English painter, died. His work included the 1771 portraits of the Viscount and Viscountess Ligonier and "Blue Boy."
    (HN, 5/14/01)(AAP, 1964)(MC, 5/14/02)(WSJ, 12/19/02, p.D10)(MC, 8/2/02)

1790        Aug 2, The enumeration for the first United States census began; the final total was 3,929,214.
    (AP, 8/2/06)

1791        Aug 2, Samuel Briggs and his son patented a nail-making machine.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1799        Aug 2, Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier (54), balloonist, died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1802        Aug 2, Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed "Consul for Life" by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1819        Aug 2, The first parachute jump from a balloon was made by Charles Guille in New York City.
    (HN, 8/2/01)

1820            Aug 2, John Tyndall (d.1893), British physicist, was born. He was the first scientist to show why the sky is blue. "It is as fatal as it is cowardly to blink (at) facts because they are not to our taste."
    (AP, 9/25/99)(HN, 8/2/00)

1831        Aug 2, The Dutch army, headed by the Dutch princes, invaded Belgium, in the so-called "Ten Days Campaign", and defeated Belgian forces near Hasselt and Leuven. Only the appearance of a French army under Marchal Gérard caused the Dutch to stop their advance.

1832        Aug 2, Some 1,300 Illinois militia under General Henry Atkinson massacred Sauk Indian men, women and children who were followers of Black Hawk at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin. Black Hawk himself finally surrendered three weeks later, bringing the Black Hawk War to an end.
    (HN, 8/2/98)(MC, 8/2/02)

1835        Aug 2, Elisha Grey, inventor (Telephone), was born.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1847        Aug 2, William A. Leidesdorff launched the first steam boat in San Francisco Bay.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1852        Aug 2, State Sen. James W. Denver, from Klamath and Trinity counties, challenged Edward Gilbert, editor of the SF Alta California newspaper, to a duel due to an inflammatory editorial. The pair met at Fair Oaks, near Sacramento, and when Gilbert forced a 2nd round of shots, Denver put a fatal shot through his chest. Denver’s 2nd shot hit Gilbert above the left hip. C.A. Washburn succeeded Gilbert at the Alta.
    (PI, 6/13/98, p.5A)(PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.C2)

1862         Aug 2, The US Army Ambulance Corps was established by Maj. Gen. George McClellan.
    (HN, 8/2/00)
1862        Aug 2, Union General John Pope captured Orange Court House, Virginia.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1865        Aug 2, Irving Babbitt, founder of modern humanistic movement, was born.
    (HN, 8/2/98)
1865        Aug 2, Capt. James Waddell (1824-1886) of the Confederate ship Shenandoah learned of the end of the US Civil War when he encountered the Liverpool barque Barracouta as it sailed from San Francisco.
1865        Aug 2, A new transatlantic cable being laid by the SS Great Eastern snapped and was lost. It was recovered and spliced to another cable in 1866.
    (, 10/10, p.3)

1874        Aug 2, Gold was discovered in the Black Hills of western South Dakota during an expedition led by Colonel Custer. The land belonged to the Sioux but was invaded by prospectors. Sioux leaders Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull retaliated.
    (HT, 3/97, p.43)(AH, 6/03, p.37)

1875        Aug 2, The world’s 1st roller skating rink opened in London.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1876        Aug 2, Frontiersman Wild Bill Hickok, holding aces over eights, was shot and killed from behind by “Crooked Nose" Jack McCall, while playing poker at a saloon in Deadwood, S.D.
    (AP, 8/2/97)(MC, 8/2/02)(Econ, 5/29/04, p.32)

1877        Aug 2, Sir James Douglas (b.1803), the first provincial governor of British Columbia (1858-1864), died. He was the son of a black woman from Barbados and a Scottish planter.
    (SFC, 2/12/10, p.A18)

1887        Aug 2, Rowell Hodge patented barbed wire.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1891        Aug 2, Arthur Edward Drummond Bliss, composer (Olympians), was born in London.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1892        Aug 2, Jack Warner, US movie studio head (Warner Bros), was born.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1892        Aug 2, Charles A. Wheeler patented a prototype of the escalator. [see Mar 15]
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1909        Aug 2, The 1st Lincoln head pennies were minted. It was 95% copper and was the first US coin to depict the likeness of a president.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, Par p.21)(SFC, 12/29/96, Z1 p.2)(MC, 8/2/02)
1909        Aug 2, The Wright Flyer was formally accepted by the US Army in exchange for $30,000. It was designated Signal Corps Airplane No. 1, the world’s first military airplane.

1914        Aug 2, In Joncherey, northeastern France, French corporal Jules-Andre Peugeot and German lieutenant Albert Mayer died in a firefight, the first official casualties of World War I.
    (AFP, 2/7/14)
1914        Aug 2, Germany invaded Luxembourg.
    (HN, 8/2/98)
1914        Aug 2, German press falsely reported that French bombed Nuremberg.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1914        Aug 2, Great Britain mobilized.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1914        Aug 2, Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1917        Aug 2, Royal Naval Air Service officer E.H. Dunning became the first pilot to land on the deck of a moving ship. He performed the tricky maneuver by flying his Sopwith Pup alongside the HMS Furious as it steamed at high speed into the wind, then side-slipping inward to the deck. Furious joined the British Royal Navy as an aircraft carrier after being fitted with a primitive flight deck. Five days after his successful deck landing, Dunning drowned during another attempt when his aircraft developed mechanical problems and plunged overboard.
    (HNPD, 8/5/99)

1918        Aug 2, A British force landed in Archangel, Russia, to support White Russian opposition to the Bolsheviks.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1920        Aug 2, Marcus Garvey presented his "Back To Africa" program in NYC.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1921        Aug 2, A jury in Chicago acquitted several former members of the Chicago White Sox baseball team and two others of conspiring to defraud the public in the notorious "Black Sox" scandal.
    (AP, 8/2/01)
1921        Aug 2, Opera singer Enrico Caruso (b.1873) died in Naples, Italy. The body of the great tenor Enrico Caruso was entombed for 6 years in a transparent coffin.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.B4)(AP, 8/2/00)(MC, 8//02)

1922        Aug 2, Alexander Graham Bell (b.1847), Scottish-US physicist (telephone), died in Nova Scotia. He and Gardiner Hubbard, his father-in-law, were the founders of the National Geographic Society.
    (, 1/03, p.5)
1922        Aug 2, China was hit by a typhoon and some 60,000 died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1923        Aug 2, The 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding (57), died in San Francisco at the Palace Hotel of a "stroke of apoplexy." Not considered to have been a particularly intelligent man, Harding owed his rise to political power to the driving ambition of his wife, Florence Kling Harding. As president, the Ohio native was troubled by scandals caused by his weakness for pretty women and a tendency to place unscrupulous friends--called "The Ohio Gang"--in positions of power. Graft, corruption and other scandals that led to the suicides of two high Federal officials had begun to taint the Harding Administration when the president suddenly died of a heart attack, just before the Teapot Dome Scandal broke, the largest scandal of his administration. In 1998 Carl Sferrazza Anthony published "Florence Harding: The First Lady, The Jazz Age and the Death of America’s Most Scandalous President." Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president upon the death of Warren G. Harding.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1923)(AP, 8/2/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W27)(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A15,19)(HN, 8/2/98)(HN, 8/2/98)

1924        Aug 2, James Baldwin (d.1987), writer, was born. His books included "The Fire the Next Time," "Go Tell it on the Mountain" and "Notes of a Native Son." "People are trapped in history and history is trapped in them." "The price one pays for pursuing any profession, or calling, is an intimate knowledge of its ugly side."
    (AP, 3/1/98)(AP, 12/18/98)(HN, 8/2/02)
1924        Aug 2, Carroll O'Connor (d.2001), actor (All in the Family, Heat of the Night), was born in NYC. His youngest brother Robert was born Aug 1, 1935.
    ( from Robert)

1927        Aug 2, Four years after becoming president, Calvin Coolidge issued a written statement to reporters: "I do not choose to run for President in 1928."
    (AP, 8/2/08)

1931        Aug 2, Spanish Catalonia agreed by over 99% for autonomous status.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1932        Aug 2, Peter O'Toole, actor (Lord Jim, Beckett, Lawrence of Arabia), was born in Ireland.
    (HN, 8/2/00)(MC, 8/2/02)

1934        Aug 2, The 1st airplane train towed 3 mail gliders behind it.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1934        Aug 2, Pres. Paul von Hindenburg of Germany died. Within hours Adolf Hitler announced a law, dated the previous day, that made him Reichsfuhrer, an office that combined the duties of president and chancellor.

1936        Aug 2, French aviator Louis Bleriot (b.1872) died. He made the first crossing of the English Channel from Calais to the grounds of Dover Castle in 1909.
    (ON, 6/07, p.9)

1939        Aug 2, US Congress passed the Hatch Act. Its main provision is to prohibit federal employees from engaging in partisan political activity. Named after Senator Carl Hatch of New Mexico, the law was officially known as An Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities.
    (SFC, 3/12/08, p.E2)(
1939        Aug 2, Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(AP, 8/2/97)

1940        Aug 2, Clermont-Ferrand sentenced Gen. Charles de Gaulle to death. [see Aug 4]
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1941        Aug 2, The summary of an FBI probe of GM senior executives with links to Adolph Hitler found collusion Germany by James D. Mooney, president of GM Overseas Corp., but no evidence of any disloyalty to America.
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.E6)
1941        Aug 2, Buffy Sainte-Marie, folksinger and songwriter, was born in Saskatchewan, Canada.
1941        Aug 2, German 11th Army surrounded 20 Russian divisions at Uman.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1941        Aug 2, Jews were expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1942        Aug 2, Isabel Allende, author of "The House of the Spirits," was born.
    (HN, 8/2/00)

1943        Aug 2, A Navy patrol torpedo boat, PT-109, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, sank after being sheared in two by the Amagiri, a Japanese destroyer, off the Solomon Islands. Lt. John F. Kennedy, towing an injured sailor, swam to a small island in the Solomon Islands. The night before, his boat, PT-109, had been split in half by the destroyer Amagiri. Kennedy was credited with saving members of the crew. Two members of the crew were killed in the collision in the Blackett Strait off Gizo, the main town of western Solomon Islands. An injured Kennedy and the ship's other survivors clung to the wreckage and swam to a nearby island, where Aaron Kumana and Biuku Gasa found them. The pair rowed 35 miles through enemy-held waters to summon a rescue boat.
    (AP, 8/2/97)(HN, 8/2/98)(AP, 8/30/07)
1943        Aug 2, The 10-day allied bombing of Hamburg, Germany, ended.
1943        Aug 2, In Poland at the Nazi Treblinka concentration camp some 600 prisoners staged an uprising and fled into the woods. Only 40 survived. In 1999 Ian MacMillan authored "Village of a Million Spirits: A Novel of the Treblinka Uprising."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.5)

1944        Aug 2, Jewish survivors of Kovno Ghetto, Lithuania, emerged from their bunker.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1945        Aug 2, President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee concluded the Potsdam conference.
    (AP, 8/2/97)
1945        Aug 2, Pietro Mascagni (81), Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1945        Aug 2, Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek (b.1860), Austrian composer, died in Berlin. The overture to his opera Donna Diana (1894) was later used as the theme for the radio and TV series “Sergeant Preston of the Yukon."
    (, 2/19/07, p.B4)

1949        Aug 2, James Fallows, writer and editor of U.S. News and World Report, was born.
    (HN, 8/2/00)

1950        Aug 2, Lance Ito, judge in the OJ Simpson trial, was born.
1950        Aug 2, The U.S. First Provisional Marine Brigade arrived in Korea from the United States.
    (AP, 8/2/98)
1950        Korea suffered its worst winter of the century.
    (HN, 8/2/98)

1952        Aug 2, Paul David Crews, murderer (featured in the FBI Most Wanted List), was born in SC.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1956        Aug 2, Albert Woolson (109), last veteran US Union army, died. Walter Williams, officially recognized as the last survivor of the 4 million who fought in the Civil War, died in 1959 at age117 in Houston. He had served as forage master for a Confederate cavalry company.
    (HN, 12/19/98)(

1961        Aug 2, In San Francisco a shooting at 924 Grant Ave. in Chinatown left George Kwan (56) dead and Peter Kwan (52) wounded. They were both members of the Four Families Association. Lew Fook You (55), also an association member, was taken into custody.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, DB p.42)

1964        Aug 2, The Pentagon reported the first of two attacks on U.S. destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. U.S. destroyer Maddox was reportedly attacked by North Vietnamese patrol boats. Later evidence supported claims that the Tonkin Gulf incident was deliberately provoked or was in reaction to American covert operations.
    (AP, 8/2/97)(
1964        Aug 2, There was a race riot in Jersey City, NJ.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1965        Aug 2, Newsman Morley Safer filmed the destruction of the Vietnamese village of Cam Ne by US Marines. Safer sent the 1st Vietnam report indicating we are losing. Safer’s report was broadcast by CBS on August 5 and led Pres. Johnson to call CBS demanding that Safer be fired. CBS president Frank Stanton refused to fire Safer.
    (HN, 8/2/98)(WSJ, 12/30/06, p.A8)

1967        Aug 2, The crime and race drama "In the Heat of the Night," starring Sidney Poitier and Rod Steiger, opened in New York.
    (AP, 8/2/07)

1969        Aug 2, Bob Dylan made a surprise appearance at the Minn. Hibbing High School 10-year reunion.
1969         Aug 2, Richard Nixon visited Romania becoming the first president to visit a communist nation since the start of the Cold War.
    (HNQ, 11/20/01)(

1973        Aug 2, A flash fire killed 51 at the Summerland leisure center on the Isle of Man, UK.

1976        Aug 2, Fritz Lang (b.1890), Austrian-born, German and American film director, died in Beverly Hills. His work included "Metropolis," "M," and "The Big Heat."
    (WSJ, 4/3/00, p.A46)(

1980        Aug 2, In Bologna, Italy, a Fascist bomb attack killed 85 people at the train station.
    (AP, 8/2/97)(

1985        Aug 2, In Texas 137 people were killed when a Delta Air Lines jumbo jet crashed while attempting to land at the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.
    (AP, 8/2/97)

1986        Aug 2, US attorney Roy M. Cohn died at Bethesda Naval Hospital of cardiac arrest and complications from AIDS.
    (AP, 8/2/06)

1987        Aug 2, More than a million people gathered in Tehran, calling for the overthrow of the sheiks of Saudi Arabia, where hundreds of Iranian pilgrims had died in rioting in the Muslim holy city of Mecca.
    (AP, 8/2/97)

1988        Aug 2, Despite threats of a veto, President Reagan promised reluctantly to allow a plant-closing notification bill to become law, accusing Democrats of "political shenanigans."
    (AP, 8/2/98)
1988        Aug 2, Joe Carcione (b.1914), US produce expert known on radio, TV and newspapers as the Green Grocer, died in Burlingame, Ca.
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, DB p.46)
1988        Aug 2, Raymond Carver (b.1938), American poet, short story writer (Furious Season), died. His books included “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love" (1981). In 2009 Carol Sklenicka authored “Raymond Carver: A Writer’s Life."
    (, 11/22/09, Books p.F1)

1989        Aug 2, The House of Representatives voted against including abortion curbs in a spending bill for the District of Columbia.
    (AP, 8/2/99)
1989        Aug 2, NASA confirmed Voyager 2's discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2 (Larissa), 1989 N3 (Despina) and 1989 N4 (Galatea).

1990        Aug 2, Norman Maclean (b.1902), writer and professor of English, died in Chicago. His books included "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories" (1976).
    (RB, 1993)(
1990        Aug 2, Iraq invaded Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. The day came to be known in Kuwait as "Black Thursday." 330 Kuwaitis died during the occupation and war. Sadam Hussein, leader of Iraq, took over Kuwait. G. Bush led an inter-national coalition for sanctions and a demand for withdrawal. The Iraqis were later driven out in Operation Desert Storm.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(TMC, 1994, p.1990)(AP, 8/2/97)(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.C18)
1990        Aug 2, By a vote of 14-0, the United Nations Security Council condemned the invasion and annexation of Kuwait by Iraq and demanded in Resolution 660 the unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
    (HNQ, 5/27/99)
1990        Aug 2, Yasser Arafat supported Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. This resulted in the PLO’s isolation.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1991        Aug 2, President Bush told a news conference only poor health would prevent his running for re-election.
    (AP, 8/2/01)
1991        Aug 2, US Secretary of State James A. Baker III met in Jerusalem with a group of Palestinians, but failed to line up their immediate support for a Middle East peace conference.
    (AP, 8/2/01)
1991        Aug 2, Blaine Harden of the Washington Post wrote that the Serbian aim "is obviously ethnic cleansing of the critical areas that are to be annexed to Serbia."
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1992        Aug 2,     At the Barcelona Summer Olympics, American Jackie Joyner-Kersee repeated as heptathlon champion.
    (AP, 8/2/97)
1992        Aug 2, The Bush campaign, accused by Bill Clinton of mudslinging, responded with a vitriolic press release that referred to "sniveling hypocritical Democrats." President Bush later disavowed the release.
    (AP, 8/2/97)

1993        Aug 2, In a dramatic scene shown on national television, Jessica, a 2 1/2-year-old girl at the center of a custody battle, was removed from the Michigan home of Jan and Roberta DeBoer and turned over to her biological parents, Dan and Cara Schmidt of Iowa.
    (AP, 8/2/98)

1994        Aug 2, US Congressional hearings began on White Water.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1994        Aug 2, Serbia threatened to cut all aid to the Bosnian Serbs if they didn't approve an international peace plan.
    (AP, 8/2/99)

1995        Aug 2, Hurricane "Erin" came ashore near Vero Beach, Florida; the storm was blamed for eleven deaths.
    (AP, 8/2/00)
1995        Aug 2, China ordered the expulsion of two US Air Force officers it said were caught spying on military sites.
    (AP, 8/2/00)

1996        Aug 2, Wall Street investors, worried about possible interest rate increases, roared their approval after the government reported that unemployment was creeping higher, consumer spending had slipped and manufacturing may have stalled.
    (AP, 8/2/97)
1996        Aug 2, In Somalia Mohamed Farrah Aidid was buried after dying from wounds received during fighting in Mogadishu. Followers named his son, Hussein, as their new leader.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A1)

1997        Aug 2, Two fires in San Diego burned out of control and destroyed 11 homes, 30 cars, 15 other structures and caused the crash of an air tanker dousing the flames.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B5)
1997        Aug 2, William Burroughs (1914-1997), writer, the godfather of the beat generation, died at 83 in Kansas City Mo. His work included "Naked Lunch" (1959), which was originally banned and published in the US in 1962. He also wrote the books "Junkie" and "Queer."
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B6)(SFC, 8/4/97, p.E5)(AP, 8/2/98)
1997        Aug 2, Typhoon Victor struck Hong Kong and one person was killed. The typhoon battered the surrounding Guangdong province and at least 65 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A18)(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)
1997        Aug 2, Charles Taylor was sworn in as president of Liberia.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A10)
1997        Aug 2, In Nigeria Fela Anikulapo-Kuti (b.1938), pop superstar, died of AIDS. He was a saxophone player who fused rock with African rhythms into a blend known as "Afrobeat." His albums included: "Zombie," "Army Arrangement," and "Vagabond in Power." He recorded more than 50 albums in the 1970s and 1980s and his 27 wives mourned his death. In 2003 Michael Veal authored "Fela: the Life and Times of an African Lion."
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A16)(SFC, 4/27/04, p.E6)

1998        Aug 2, In Indiana a stolen pickup carrying a homemade bomb crashed into the Tippecanoe County Courthouse in Lafayette. The driver escaped and there were no injuries.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Aug 2, Ventriloquist Shari Lewis (Sheri Lewis, puppeteer) died in Los Angeles at age 65.
    (AP, 8/2/99)(SFC, 8/4/98, p.A7)
1998        Aug 2, In Afghanistan the Taliban captured the base of Rashid Dostum.
    (WSJ, 8/3/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 2, Cyclist Marco Pantani of Italy won the Tour de France, which had been marred by a doping scandal.
    (AP, 8/2/99)
1998        Aug 2, Fidel Castro visited Grenada following an invitation from Prime Minister Keith Mitchell.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 2, In Mexico Felipe Gonzalez of the National Action (PAN) led the elections in Aguascalientes.
    (SFC, 8/3/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 2, Serbian forces, shelling rebel position and burning villages, pushed back Albanian separatists on 3 fronts.
    (SFC, 8/3/98, p.A8)

1999        Aug 2, The Clinton administration declared West Virginia and parts of 5 other eastern states agricultural disaster areas due to heat and drought.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A3)
1999        Aug 2, The US EPA moved to restrict the pesticides azinphos-methyl and methyl parathion due to evidence of toxicity to children.
    (WSJ, 8/2/99, p.C22)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A3)
1999        Aug 2, The US Army THAAD missile, Theater High-Altitude Air Defense, was tested successfully over New Mexico for a 2nd time following a string of failures dating to 1995.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A5)
1999        Aug 2, It was reported that the national death toll from the recent US-East heat wave hit 185 with 80 dead in Illinois and 44 in Missouri.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/2/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 2, In Afghanistan the Taliban captured the capital of northern Parwan province, the last stronghold of Sheik Massood. Thousands fled their homes.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 2, In Bosnia NATO troops arrested Radomir Kovac, former Bosnian Serb paramilitary leader, for enslaving and raping Muslim women in 1992-1993.
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 2, In a war of nerves with rival Taiwan, China tested a new long-range rocket, the 3-stage Dong Feng 31.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/2/00)
1999        Aug 2, In India the Brahmputra Mail train from Gauhati collided with the Awadh-Assam Express from New Delhi at Gaisan Station. Over 285 people were killed and a 1000 injured. A faulty switch was suspected.
     (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(SFC, 8/4/99, p.A9)(SFC, 8/5/99, p.A14)(AP, 2/18/04)
1999        Aug 2, In Kosovo thousands of Albanian students and professors reclaimed Pristina Univ.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 2, In Namibia separatist rebels for the independence of the Caprivi border area attacked the town of Katima Mulilo and 16 people were killed. Pres. Sam Nujoma later blamed the Caprivi Liberation Army and accused from opposition leader Mishake Muyongo of being behind the revolt.
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/4/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 2, Russian troops clashed with Islamic fighters in Dagestan and 11 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A20)
1999        Aug 2, In Serbia, an independent group of experts in Belgrade laid out "The Stability Pact for Serbia," a plan for a transitional government. In Valjevo some 8,000 rallied for the resignation of Milosevic.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)

2000         Aug 2, Pres. Clinton delayed the federal execution of Juan Raul Garza, convicted in 1993 for killing 3 men in Texas in 1990-1991. Garza, a Texas drug kingpin, was executed June 19th, 2001.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A3)(AP, 8/2/01)
2000        Aug 2, Republicans awarded Texas Governor George W. Bush their 2000 presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Philadelphia and ratified Dick Cheney as his running mate.
    (AP, 8/2/01)
2000        Aug 2, Former President Ford was hospitalized after suffering one, possibly two, small strokes.
    (AP, 8/2/01)
2000        Aug 2, In SF a jury awarded 17 bakery workers of Interstate Brands Corp. $120 million for racial discrimination.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 2, In India rain in Tibet flooded the Sutlej River in India and drowned at least 107 people in Himachal Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A13)
2000        Aug 2, In Kashmir the death toll from guerrilla attacks climbed to 101.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 2, In the Solomon Islands warring militias signed a cease-fire on an Australian warship off the capital of Honiara.
    (WSJ, 8/3/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 2, Zimbabwe’s Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) called a one day general strike to protest the policies of Pres. Mugabe. Finance minister Simba Makoni announced that the government had agreed to devalue its currency 24%.
    (WSJ, 8/2/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 8/3/00, p.A1,9)

2001        Aug 2, Robert S. Mueller (56), former US attorney in SF, won Senate confirmation to become the FBI director.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A3)
2001        Aug 2, Solid Democratic opposition sank President Bush's nomination of Mary Sheila Gall to be chairwoman of the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2001        Aug 2, Ron Townson, the centerpiece singer for the pop group the 5th Dimension, died of renal failure in Las Vegas. He was 68.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2001        Aug 2, Belize agreed to conserve 23,000 acres in exchange for the cancellation of a US debt that included $1.4 million in debt relief and $10 million savings in interest payments over 26 years.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.D3)
2001        Aug 2, The UN war crimes tribunal found Radislav Krstic, former Bosnian Serb general, guilty for the 1995 genocide of some 8,000 Muslim men in Srebrenica. He was sentenced to 46 years in prison. A 2004 appeal reduced the sentence to 35 years.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A1)(
2001        Aug 2, Colombia reported a big victory over rebels at Juan Jose. 60 rebels were killed along with 13 soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.D3)
2001        Aug 2, In Iran Pres. Khatami was confirmed for a 2nd 4-year term.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 2, Palestinian judges sentenced 4 Palestinian men to death for helping Israel’s army carry out lethal attacks. 3 Palestinian men, suspected of collaboration, were recently gunned down in the streets.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A12)
2001        Aug 2, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf extremists seized 36 Filipinos civilians on Basilan island and beheaded 10 of them.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A6)(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 2, On Vieques, Puerto Rico, the US Navy used tear gas and foam rubber projectiles to clear protesters and journalists.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A3)

2002        Aug 2, A federal judge ruled the U.S. government had to reveal the names of people detained in the investigation of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks; an appeals court later sided with federal authorities.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2002        Aug 2, In Louisiana Gov. Mike Foster declared a state of emergency after West Nile virus killed 4 residents and infected another 58.
    (SFC, 8/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Aug 2, The Angolan government and UNITA rebels declared the official end to their nearly three-decade old civil war.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, Australia and Malaysia signed a counter-terrorism pact which pledged them to work together to fight suspected Islamic militants in the region.
    (Reuters, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, In Greece a cache of weapons, including automatic rifles, was stolen from a military armory after thieves tunneled through a wall.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 2, In Gonaives, Haiti, gunmen broke through the wall of a prison, freeing Amiot Metayer, a former presidential supporter and head of the Cannibal Army, a militant communal group. 159 of 221 inmates escaped.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 2, Facing an increasing possibility of U.S. military action, Iraq gave the first solid indication in nearly four years that it will allow U.N. weapons inspectors to return and invited the chief inspector to Baghdad for talks.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, The Israeli army blew up two buildings with explosives labs and arrested at least 50 Palestinians in house to house searches as troops took control of Nablus, a city Israel called "the main factory of suicide bombings." Israelis killed 3 people in Nablus and 3 Palestinians in Gaza including a woman (85) and a girl (9).
    (AP, 8/2/02)(SFC, 8/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 2, A government plan to buy Swaziland's King Mswati III a $250 million luxury jet, a price five times the nation's national deficit, drew protests in this South African nation, which has been plagued by severe food shortages.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, In Uruguay the government sent thousands of police to guard shopping districts, a day after looters hit stores and supermarkets as the national economic crisis deepened.
    (AP, 8/2/02)
2002        Aug 2, Pope John Paul II returned to Rome after ending an 11-day pilgrimage to Canada, Guatemala and Mexico.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2002        Aug 2, In Venezuela gunmen with high-caliber weapons ambushed a police patrol in a Caracas slum, wounding at least five people and raising tensions ahead of a Supreme Court ruling on alleged coup leaders.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2003        Aug 2, Gov. Davis signed a nearly $100 million budget for California and blamed Republicans for the budget's painful cuts.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 2, Bolivian police seized 3 more tons of cocaine meant for shipment to Spain in the country's biggest drug bust ever.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2003        Aug 2, Indonesia judges sentenced US reporter William Nessen to 41 days for failing to inform officials of an address change in Jakarta. Nessen had already been jailed for 40 days following time spent with rebels in Aceh.
    (SFCM, 11/2/03, p.15)
2003        Aug 2, A bomb exploded in a car south of Beirut, killing at least two people in the vehicle and wounding passers-by.
    (AP, 8/2/03)
2003        Aug 2, Canadian military personnel joined nearly 2,000 civilian firefighters battling the three fires -- in Kamloops, Barriere and Falkland, British Columbia. An estimated 8,500 people had already been evacuated as 16,500 acres burned.
    (Reuters, 8/2/03)
2003        Aug 2, Saddam Hussein's two elder sons and a grandson were buried as martyrs near the deposed Iraqi leader's hometown of Tikrit, where insurgents afterward attacked U.S. troops with three remote-controlled bombs.
    (AP, 8/2/04)
2003        Aug 2, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor agreed to cede power on Aug. 11.
    (AP, 8/2/03)

2004        Aug 2, Pres. Bush proposed creating a national intelligence director in line with the Sep 11 Commission recommendations.
    (WSJ, 8/3/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 2, Police in Salt Lake City arrested Mark Hacking, whose wife, Lori, had disappeared, on a charge of aggravated murder. On October 1, 2004, searchers found human remains in the Salt Lake County landfill. By that afternoon police had confirmed that the remains were those of Lori Hacking. Lori Kay Soares was buried in Orem City Cemetery, Orem, Utah County, Utah. The dates on her stone are December 31, 1976 to July 19, 2004.
    (AP, 8/2/05)(
2003         Aug 2, Afghan troops backed by U.S. warplanes killed as many as 70 militants in a daylong battle near the Pakistani border.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2004        Aug 2, Masked gunmen killed a Turkish hostage with three gunshots to the head, according to a video posted on the Internet, and the Turkish truckers' union said it would stop bringing supplies to U.S. forces in Iraq. A car bomb in Baquba killed at least 3 Iraqi national guardsmen. 6 American service members were reported killed over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/2/04)(SFC, 8/4/04, p.A3)
2004        Aug 2, In western Japan 7 members of a family were found stabbed to death with a kitchen knife.
    (AP, 8/2/04)
2004        Aug 2, In Gaza City 5 masked men broke into a hospital and shot dead a convicted Palestinian collaborator who had been wounded in a grenade attack in his prison cell just hours earlier.
    (AP, 8/2/04)
2004        Aug 2, The UN began air-dropping food for refugees in Darfur, Sudan.
    (WSJ, 8/3/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 2, Ukraine's prime minister called for reducing the country's troop contingent in Iraq, openly disagreeing with top defense officials who want to increase the force.
    (AP, 8/2/04)

2005        Aug 2, President Bush signed a free trade pact with five Central American nations and the Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2005        Aug 2, A federal appeals court ruled that a 117-year-old policy of admitting only Native Hawaiians to the exclusive Kamehameha Schools amounts to unlawful racial discrimination.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 2, Seattle pitcher Ryan Franklin was suspended 10 days for violating baseball's policy on performance-enhancing drugs.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2005        Aug 2, Belarusian police arrested two leaders of an ethnic Polish cultural group after seizing the group's headquarters, raising already heightened tensions between the neighboring countries.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, An Air France jet skidded off a Toronto runway and burst into flames, prompting 309 passengers and crew to slide down escape chutes. In Dec, 2009, a Canadian judge approved a C$12 million ($11.4 million) class-action settlement with 184 passengers of the Air France jet.
    (AP, 8/3/05)(Reuters, 12/31/09)
2005        Aug 2, France, Britain and Germany hardened their tone toward Iran, warning that Tehran risked triggering an international crisis and could face U.N. sanctions if it follows through with a threat to resume its nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, Georgia’s Pres, Saakashvili said he is counting on US help to facedown Moscow and reassert control over Abkhazia and Southern Ossetia.
    (WSJ, 8/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 2, Forest fires in Indonesia's Sumatra province covered Kuala Lumpur and 32 other areas of Malaysia with a smoky haze.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, Hassan Moghaddas, an Iranian judge who sentenced several reformist dissidents to jail, including hunger-striking reporter Akbar Ganji, was shot dead in his car by a lone gunman riding a motorcycle.
    (Reuters, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, A roadside bomb targeting a US military convoy exploded at the entrance to a tunnel in central Baghdad, and at least 29 civilians were wounded. American freelance journalist Steven Vincent was found shot to death in Basra after being abducted by armed men. Vincent had been shot multiple times after he and his Iraqi translator were abducted at gunpoint hours earlier. He had been writing about the rise of conservative Shiite Islam and the corruption of the Iraqi police.
    (, 8/2/05)(AP, 8/2/06)
2005        Aug 2, North Korea's main envoy said his country won't give up its nuclear weapons until an alleged U.S. atomic threat against the communist nation is eliminated, the first public comments from the North after eight days of six-party negotiations.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, A 3-year old Palestinian boy was killed and 9 Palestinians were wounded in the northern Gaza Strip when rockets launched by militants misfired and landed in Palestinian areas.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, The Russian Foreign Ministry said it will not renew the accreditation of ABC-TV after it broadcast an interview with a notorious Chechen warlord.
    (AP, 8/2/05)
2005        Aug 2, Violent mobs surged again into the streets of Sudan's capital sparked by the death of Sudanese vice president and former southern rebel leader John Garang.
    (AP, 8/2/05)

2006        Aug 2, A Pentagon official said evidence collected on the deaths of 24 Iraqis in Haditha supports accusations that US Marines deliberately shot the civilians, including unarmed women and children on Nov 19, 2005.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, Five days after being pulled over by police, actor-director Mel Gibson was charged with misdemeanor drunken driving, having an elevated blood-alcohol level and having an open container of liquor in his car. Gibson later pleaded no contest to drunken driving under a deal in which he received three years' probation, paid a fine and agreed to attend alcohol rehabilitation classes.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2006        Aug 2, Florida and CSX Transportation struck a deal on a nearly $1 billion commuter rail system in central Florida to relieve gridlock in and around Orlando.
    (Reuters, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, AOL shifted to an advertising strategy as customers cancelled their dial-up service and jumped to high-speed Internet connections.
    (SFC, 8/3/06, p.C1)
2006        Aug 2, Australia's central bank raised interest rates by 25 basis points to a six-year high of 6.0% in an effort to head off inflationary pressures in a booming economy.
    (AFP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, The Australian government said it had started reducing troop numbers in East Timor as security in the tiny nation was steadily improving.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 2, In southern Colombia a land mine planted by leftist rebels killed six coca eradicators and injured seven others.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, A Paris commercial court granted Eurotunnel protection from creditors, enabling the operator of the Channel Tunnel to freeze payments on its debt mountain of 9.0 billion euros (11.5 billion dollars).
    (AFP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, India banned children under the age of 14 from working as domestic servants or at hotels, tea shops, restaurants and resorts. The labor ministry said the ban would come into effect from October 10.
    (Reuters, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, President Jalal Talabani said that Iraqi forces will assume security duties for the whole country by the end of the year, taking over responsibility from US and other foreign troops now policing all but one of the 18 provinces. Sectarian and political violence claimed at least 53 lives, including 11 young soccer players and spectators who died when two bombs exploded in a field in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad. 2 US Marines died in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/2/06)(AP, 8/3/06)(SFC, 8/4/06, p.A9)
2006        Aug 2, Israel pressed the first full day of a massive new ground attack, sending 8,000 troops into southern Lebanon and seizing five people it said were Hezbollah fighters in a dramatic airborne raid on a northeastern town. Hezbollah retaliated with its deepest strikes yet into Israel, firing a record number of more than 230 rockets. An Israeli-American was killed as he fled for home by bicycle, and a stray rocket hit the West Bank for the first time. People in the Lebanese village of Al Jamaliyeh, outside the Hezbollah stronghold of Baalbek, used a front-end loader to carry away some of the dead after a night of Israeli airstrikes and a commando raid inside Baalbek that residents said killed at least 15 civilians.
    (AP, 8/2/06)(SFC, 8/3/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 2, In Oaxaca, Mexico, about 500 women banging spoons against pots and pans seized a state-run television station and broadcast a homemade video that showed police kicking protesters out of Oaxaca's main square last month. In southern Monte Orden village heavy rains caused a mountainside to give way, burying 2 homes and killing 11 people, 4 of them children.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, Production at Cantarell, Mexico’s biggest oil field, was reported to be declining. The site accounted for about 60% of Mexico’s oil. A third of Mexico’s federal budget depended on oil sales.
    (WSJ, 8/2/06, p.A4)
2006        Aug 2, Somali leaders struggled to regroup after a week in which 29 ministers quit the government, with the defectors urging the virtually powerless administration to reconcile with Islamic militants who have seized the capital.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, South Africans faced one of their harshest winters in years, with at least four deaths blamed on flooding from heavy rain that has caused travel delays in the south and west of the country.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, Tamil rebels said they had overrun four Sri Lankan army camps around the northeastern port of Trincomalee. The Defense Ministry acknowledged that five soldiers were killed in the attacks and claimed its forces killed 40 insurgents and wounded 70 others.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, In southern Thailand a bomb planted along a railroad exploded and killed three policemen.
    (AP, 8/2/06)

2007        Aug 2, Charles Simic (b.1938) of Concord, NH, a Yugoslav-born immigrant, was named to become the new US poet laureate, replacing Donald Hall beginning Sep 29.
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.E20)
2007        Aug 2, A Marine Corps squad leader was convicted at Camp Pendleton, Calif., of murdering an Iraqi man (52) during a frustrated search for an insurgent in 2006. The next day Sgt. Lawrence G. Hutchins III was sentenced to 15 years in prison for killing Hashim Ibrahim Awad (see Aug 3).
    (AP, 8/2/08)(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A6)
2007        Aug 2, US federal agents arrested dozens of doctors accused of obtaining medical licenses through fraud or bribery, carrying out sweeping raids across Puerto Rico. The FDA accused 88 doctors of falsified credentials.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(WSJ, 8/3/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 2, A US appeals court ruled that Katrina victims cannot collect for damage from levee breaches.
    (WSJ, 8/3/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 2, FBI agents arrested Rahmat Abdhir (43), aka Sean Kasem and Sean Kalimin, in San Jose, Ca., for providing material support to his brother, Zulkifli Abdhir (41), a US-trained engineer and terror suspect in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.B5)
2007        Aug 2, Scientists warned that bisphenol A (BPA), an estrogen-like compound in plastic, is probably causing an array of serious reproductive disorders in people.
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 2, In Washington state a helicopter with four people aboard crashed and burst into flames on the east slopes of the Cascade Range, starting a wildfire. By the next day it spread through dry timber to cover 300 to 400 acres.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 2, In Oakland, Ca., Chauncey Bailey (57), editor of the Oakland Post and former reporter for the Oakland Tribune, was shot and killed on his way to work by a masked gunman. In 2009 an indictment accused Yusuf Bey IV (23), the leader of Your Black Muslim Bakery, of murder for allegedly telling two of his followers to kill Bailey. In 2009 Devaughndre Broussard (21) pleaded guilty to 2 counts of voluntary manslaughter as part of a deal to secure testimony against Yusuf Bey IV and Antoine Mackey, another bakery figure. In 2012 Thomas Peele authored “Killing the Messenger: A Story of Radical Faith, Racism’s Backlash, and the Assassination of a Journalist."
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.A1)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A1)(SFC, 5/8/09, p.B1)(SSFC, 2/26/12, p.F1)
2007        Aug 2, Armen Baliantz (b.1921), SF restaurateur born in China to Armenian parents, died. Her Bali’s Restaurant at Pacific and Battery, had closed in Feb, 1985.
    (SFC, 8/4/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 2, In southern Afghanistan US-led airstrikes in Helmand province killed at least 3 senior Taliban figures, including commander Mullah Rahim.
    (SFC, 8/4/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 2, In Brazil a strike by subway workers disrupted the commute of millions of people in Sao Paulo, causing huge traffic jams and long lines at bus stops.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 2, Bulgaria said it had decided to write off Libya's communist-era debt as a contribution to an international fund for the victims of an AIDS epidemic blamed by Tripoli on six Bulgarian medics.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, Canada dismissed Russia's claim to a large chunk of the resource-rich Arctic, saying the tactic was more suited to the 15th century than the real world.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, China’s state media reported that courts in northern China have sentenced 31 people, including a police officer, to prison terms of up to five years stemming from the use of slave labor in brick kilns. In east China a rising wave in the Qiantang River, known for its strong tides, engulfed 33 swimmers and visitors walking along a levee. At least eight were killed.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 2, Beijing and Washington agreed to cooperate more closely on product and food safety as the US recalled almost 1 million toys due to lead concerns. Mattel apologized to customers as it recalled nearly a million Chinese-made toys from its Fisher-Price division that were found to have excessive amounts of lead.
    (AP, 8/3/07)(SFC, 8/3/07, p.D1)(AP, 8/2/08)
2007        Aug 2, Officials said days of heavy monsoon rains have devastated large swaths of northern India and Bangladesh, killing at least 164 people, stranding millions and washing away vital crops.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, Much of Baghdad was without running water and had been for at least 24 hours. A suicide car bomber slammed into an Iraqi police station northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 13 people. Fadhil al-Akil (35), an aide to Iraq's top cleric, was killed in the Shiite city of Najaf. A mortar and rocket-propelled grenade landed on homes in Khan Bani Saad, a mixed town northeast of Baghdad, killing four civilians, two of them children. The US military said American and Iraqi troops had killed seven suspects and captured 22 others in two days of raids across Iraq. A total of 58 people were killed or found dead across the country. US troops killed Haitham Sabah Shaker Mohammed al-Badri, the al-Qaida in Iraq mastermind of the bombing that destroyed the golden dome of a famed sacred Shiite shrine last year. 3 US soldiers were killed in a single roadside bombing on Baghdad's east side. The blast wounded 11 other US troops. Another soldier was killed and three wounded in combat in western Baghdad. A US Marine was killed during combat in Iraq's western Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(AP, 8/3/07)(AP, 8/4/07)(AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 2, Lebanon's most senior Shiite Muslim cleric issued a religious edict banning honor killings, calling the custom of murdering a female relative for sexual misconduct "a repulsive act." More fierce fighting erupted as troops pounded the remaining Fatah Islam hideouts in the camp with artillery and tank fire. Two more Lebanese soldiers were killed in heavy fighting with the al-Qaida-inspired militants.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, A Libyan official said that Moammar Gadhafi's long-isolated country has signed contracts worth $405 million with French companies for missiles and communications equipment.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, An Islamic militant and a policeman died when officers foiled a suicide bombing at a Pakistani police school in Sargodha.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, In the Netherlands Unilever, the Anglo-Dutch maker of consumer goods and food products, announced that it would cut 20,000 jobs worldwide, 11 percent of its total workforce, over the next four years.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, Two deep-diving Russian mini-submarines descended more than 2 1/2 miles under North Pole ice to stake a flag on the ocean floor, part of a quest to bolster Russian claims to much of the Arctic's oil-and-mineral wealth.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, An unmanned Russian cargo ship carrying over 2.5 tons of supplies, equipment and gifts blasted off for the international space station.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, A 6.4-magnitude quake struck on the southern tip of Sakhalin island, just north of Japan. At least 2 people were killed and some 2,000 in Nevelsk moved to tent camps after the powerful earthquake left apartment buildings in ruins.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 2, Kafeel Ahmed (27), the suspect who was critically burned in a botched car bomb attempt at Glasgow Airport, died after 5 weeks in hospital from burns to 90% of his body.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 2, In Sierra Leone 2 former members of a pro-government militia were convicted of war crimes, the second round of rulings by a UN-backed court attempting to punish those most responsible for brutalities committed during Sierra Leone's decade-long civil war. A boat traveling from Freetown to the northern town of Kassiri capsized in the mouth of the Little Scarcies River. At least 10 people were killed and 45 others left missing.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(AP, 8/3/07)(AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 2, In Somalia mortars slammed into homes in Mogadishu after fighting between insurgents and Ethiopian troops, killing 8 people, including a mother and her two daughters.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, In Thailand a lawyer said the wife of Thailand's deposed premier Thaksin Shinawatra will seek 1.4 billion dollars in compensation from military-backed authorities that have frozen her assets.
    (AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Aug 2, In Yemen security forces fired tear gas and water cannons at former soldiers protesting in Aden demanding to be allowed back in the military. One person was reported killed. The protesters were largely members of the army of south Yemen who were ousted after being defeated by northern forces.
    (AP, 8/3/07)

2008        Aug 2, The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said that due to new tracking methods 40% more people are infected by the HIV virus than was previously believed.
    (SSFC, 8/3/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 2, In Santa Cruz, Ca., 2 firebombs exploded outside the homes of 2 UC Santa Cruz biologists. They were similar to some used in the past by animal rights activists.
    (SFC, 8/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 2, Peter W. Rodman (b.1943), lawyer, government official and foreign policy expert, died. His book “Presidential Command: Power, Leadership, and the Making of Foreign Policy from Richard Nixon to George W. Bush" was published in 2009.
    (, 1/12/09, p.A11)
2008        Aug 2, In Afghanistan a suspected rebel bomb struck a minibus carrying a newly married couple, killing the bride and groom and 11 wedding guests.
    (AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 2, Perez Celis (b.1939), a prestigious Argentine muralist, painter and sculptor, died in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 2, Geoff Ballard (b.1932), founder of Ballard Power and advocate for fuel cells, died in Vancouver, Canada. In 1999 he had started General Hydrogen to explore ways to manufacture and market hydrogen as a fuel. Plug Power bought General Hydrogen in 2007 for $10 million.
    (SFC, 8/12/08, p.B5)
2008        Aug 2, In China Zhang Jinfu (43), a farmer, killed six and injured one in a stabbing spree in the Hubei province village of Xuyang.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 2, China’s Sanlu Group, a dairy product producer, told Fronterra, a New Zealand company that owns 43% of Sanlu, that there was problem with milk powder.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.57)
2008        Aug 2, Saad Eddin Ibrahim (69), an exiled Egyptian human rights activist who also holds US nationality, was sentenced in abstentia to two years in prison for defaming Egypt. He was accused him of defaming the country after a series of articles and speeches on citizenship and democracy in which he criticized the Egyptian regime. Ibrahim, who founded the Ibn Khaldoun Centre for Development Studies, was sentenced in 2001 to seven years for "tarnishing Egypt's reputation," before being freed on appeal after spending 10 months behind bars.
    (AFP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 2, Overnight fighting that included sniper and mortar fire between Georgian forces and separatists in the breakaway South Ossetia region left six people dead and 13 wounded.
    (AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 2, In northern India 40 farm laborers died after a truck carrying them home from the fields plunged into a river near Ghoomsa in Bihar state.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 2, More than 1,000 Sunni Arabs and Turkomen staged a demonstration to protest calls by Kurds to annex the oil-rich city of Kirkuk to their autonomous region as Iraqi officials met in Baghdad to defuse tension over the disputed city. The U.S. military said it has released more than 10,000 detainees in Iraq so far this year, more than in all of 2007, as it continues to try phase out its running of Iraqi prisons. A roadside bomb in Baghdad killed one member of the US-allied Sunni fighters and wounded two others. An American soldier died and another was injured in a vehicle accident southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Nigeria gunmen seized 2 French oil workers from a bar in Onne near the oil hub of Port Harcourt. The 2 were released on Sep 5.
    (AFP, 9/5/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a bridge, killing at least nine security forces in the Swat valley, where Pakistani troops are battling Islamic militants.
    (AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Pakistan 22 climbers, mostly foreigners, reached the summit of K-2, the world's second-highest mountain, but an ice avalanche struck them during their descent. At least 11 of the mountaineers were killed.
    (AP, 8/3/08)(AFP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 2, Hamas security forces battled fighters in a tribal stronghold where they say suspects in a deadly bombing last week were hiding. Three Hamas men were killed, along with six Fatah supporters, and nearly 90 were wounded. Some 180 Fatah supporters fled into Israel from a deadly Hamas crackdown.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Sri Lanka a two-day summit of leaders of the 15th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), opened amid extraordinary security. Leaders of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, The Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka attended the summit. Government troops captured rebel-held Vellankulam village in Mannar, the last rebel stronghold in the area. Fresh fighting between Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger separatists killed 14 rebels and two soldiers across the embattled northern region.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2009        Aug 2, In eastern Afghanistan 3 American soldiers died in a complex militant ambush, raising NATO's two-day August death toll to nine and continuing the bloodiest period of the eight-year war for US and allied troops.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 2, In Austria researchers unveiled two piano pieces recently identified as childhood creations by Mozart (1756-1791). He likely wrote the two newly attributed pieces when he was 7 or 8 years old, with his father, Leopold, transcribing the notes as his son played them at the keyboard.
2009        Apr 2, Austrian authorities arrested British-born Julius Meinl V (b.1959), head of Meinl Bank, for suspected breach of trust and deception of investors. He had spun much of his family’s property portfolio into Meinl European Land (MEL). By 2007 MEL had lost €1.8 billion in an attempt to support its share price. He was released after posting a €100 million bail.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.60)
2009        Aug 2, China reported that police in the northwest region of Xinjiang have arrested hundreds of people in connection with disturbances that left at least 197 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 2, In Dagestan militants shot and killed a police officer. In Ingushetia militants killed three government workers.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 2, In eastern Indonesia a plane carrying 16 people disappeared over a jungle-clad and mountainous region of Papua. All aboard were killed.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 2, In Iraq Tariq Aziz, one of Saddam Hussein's best-known lieutenants, was convicted of helping to plan the forced displacement of Kurds from northeastern Iraq and sentenced to seven years in jail. The ruling came more than four months after Aziz was sentenced to 15 years in prison for crimes against humanity in the 1992 execution of Iraqi merchants. Rania Ibrahim, a teenage Iraqi girl, was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison for attempting to blow herself up at a checkpoint in Baqouba in August, 2008. She claimed her husband's female relatives strapped explosives on her. An explosives-laden car exploded near an outdoor market in a mainly Sunni area of Haditha, killing at least 5 people and wounding 34, raising concern that sectarian violence could resurge.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(SFC, 8/4/09, p.A2)(AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 2, Mexican police raided a church service in Apatzingan, Michoacan state, and arrested Miguel Angel Beraza, a man known as "The Truck," and another suspect. Beraza was suspected of moving a half ton of crystal methamphetamine into the US each month and was said to be a high-ranking lieutenant in the drug cartel known as La Familia.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 2, It was reported that illegal blast fishing had become rampant in Nicaragua and was spreading across Central America’s Pacific coast.
    (SSFC, 8/2/09, p.A8)
2009        Aug 2, Red Cross and Nigerian defense officials said more than 700 people were killed during a 5-day uprising by a radical Islamic sect in the north. Over 700 dead bodies were given mass burial in Maiduguri town alone, as a search for bodies continued.
    (Reuters, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 2, In Pakistan two policemen were shot and killed by men who fled from a checkpoint in the northwestern city of Peshawar. The military said that four militants were killed and another 27, including a suspected local commander, were arrested in several search-and-clearance operations in Swat and nearby areas.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 2, In Peru attackers believed to be Shining Path rebels killed three police officers and two women in an assault on a remote police post in San Jose de Secce in Ayacucho province, a coca-growing region.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 2, Stanley Robertson (69), the last of Scotland’s traveling storytellers, died. He had spent 47 years filleting fish for a living.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.94)
2009        Aug 2, On the Spanish Canary Island of La Palma strong winds fanned forest fires for a 2nd day, and firefighters were forced to retreat as flames raged out of control near two towns.
    (AP, 8/2/09)
2009        Aug 2, In southeast Sudan armed tribesmen attacked a fishing village where hundreds of displaced people were camped near a river, leaving at least 185 people, most of them women and children, dead in the worst violence in three months.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 2, In Zimbabwe 40 people were killed and 30 others injured when a bus overturned after colliding with a lorry south of Harare.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(AP, 8/3/09)

2010        Aug 2, President Barack Obama said the United States will end its combat mission in Iraq as scheduled on August 31 despite a recent flare-up in violence.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Robert Einhorn, the State Department's special adviser for nonproliferation and arms control, said new US sanctions against North Korea will seek to strangle the narcotics trafficking, counterfeiting of U.S. dollars and other "illicit and deceptive" activities that provide the regime with the hard currency used for its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, US Rep. Howard Berman, the chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, suspended assistance to the Lebanese Armed Forces, saying he cannot be sure the country's armed forces are not working with Hezbollah.
    (AP, 8/10/10)
2010        Aug 2, The US government said BP's ruptured well in the Gulf of Mexico gushed an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil, making it the largest accidental oil spill of all time.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, The US House ethics committee said California Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Los Angeles, will face a trial for her 2009 role in steering federal funds to a bank she is personally connected.
    (SFC, 8/3/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 2, In Louisiana 6 Shreveport teenagers wading in the shallows of the Red River drowned in front of their horrified families after falling into deep water. None of the teens or nearby adults could swim.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a police truck bringing an official to work, killing six children nearby. Militants attacked a second government official in the east the same day. In eastern Nuristan province, NATO and Afghan troops attacked two villages that had been held by Taliban fighters, killing more than 30 insurgents as they secured the Bachancha and Badmuk villages. Two Afghan soldiers were killed. In northern Balkh province 6 Afghan private security guards were poisoned and fatally stabbed during a bank robbery.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, In Australia publicist Kristy Fraser-Kirk (25) sued Australia's poshest department store and its former head, Mark McInnes, for 33 million US dollars over alleged sexual misconduct that led to the disgraced chief executive's resignation. McInnes abruptly quit in June after claims of inappropriate behavior were made.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Bolivia’s deputy land minister Juan Manuel Pinto said that a local court has upheld a government decision to seize a ranch from US cattleman Ronal Larsen (65) and his family on the grounds they treated workers as virtual slaves. Larsen has owned the 58-square-mile (15,000-hectare) ranch nearly four decades. Pinto said the ranch and an adjacent 15-square-mile (3,790-hectare) spread owned by an unrelated family, the Chavezes, would be cleared by authorities and divided among 2,000 Guarani families.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Brazilian authorities said police have dismantled a kidnapping ring that scoured social networking sites for victims.
    (SFC, 8/3/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 2, China’s state media said thousands of tons of garbage washed down by recent torrential rain are threatening to jam the locks of the massive Three Gorges Dam, and is in places so thick people can stand on it.
    (Reuters, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Chinese plainclothes officers detained Ye Haiyan, an activist for sex workers' rights, a few days after she publicly called for prostitution to be legalized.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, In China lethal gas leaked into a coal mine at the Sanyuandong Coal Mine in Dengfeng city, Henan province. No survivors were found among the 16 miners trapped by the lethal gas leak. 
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 2, In Colombia Orlando Sigifredo Ibarra Sarmiento, an Ecuadoran businessman (37), was seized in the border city of Ipiales. In 2012 a deserter from a guerrilla army led the hostage to freedom.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2010        Aug 2, In Iraq 2 bombings and a drive-by shooting killed eight people.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, A string of rockets was fired toward the Israeli resort city Eilat, and one hit in neighboring Jordan, killing one person and wounding four. On Aug 3 Jordan said it has evidence that the rocket attack originated from neighboring Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. After days of denials an Egyptian official said the deadly rocket attacks were carried out by the militant Palestinian Hamas group operating from Egypt.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 2, Omar Abdullah, the chief minister of Indian Kashmir, held crisis talks on the "cycle of violence" afflicting the region, as five more protesters died, taking the death toll to 37 in two months.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Malaysia set itself a historic precedent as 2 female sharia judges began working for the first time.
    (Econ, 8/7/10, p.39)
2010        Aug 2, Compania Mexicana de Aviacion filed for bankruptcy.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.53)
2010        Aug 2, North Korea opened this year's massive dance and gymnastics performance known as the Arirang Festival, turning to propaganda to unite its people amid new US sanctions on the isolated country to squeeze its nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Pakistani lawmaker Raza Haider (35) was killed in a drive-by shooting in downtown Karachi, where political and ethnic assassinations have fanned increasing tensions. Haider was a member of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, the political party that runs the city and represents mainly descendants of Urdu-speaking migrants from India who settled in Pakistan when it was created in 1947.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, In Pakistan fears were growing for up to 2.5 million people affected by the worst floods in 80 years amid outbreaks of disease after monsoon rains killed up to 1,500 people.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, In the Philippines the 2010 winners of the Ramon Magsaysay Awards were announced. Winners included Tadatoshi Akiba, the three-term mayor of Hiroshima, who spearheaded a global campaign for nuclear disarmament, and photographer Huo Daishan (56), who documented river pollution in his native China. The awards are considered Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize. Other awardees were physicists Christopher Bernido and wife Maria Victoria Carpio-Bernido of the Philippines, who introduced a novel way of teaching science, and Bangladeshi A.H.M. Noman Khan, who set up service-and-training centers for helping persons with disabilities.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, Romania's central bank issued a special coin commemorating Miron Cristea, a prime minister (1938-1939) and religious leader, who stripped Jews of their citizenship before World War II. The move prompted protest from Romanian Jews as well as a director at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, Russia declared a state of emergency in seven regions after wildfires killed at least 34 people and left thousands homeless in the worst heatwave since records began 130 years ago. Officials said wildfires were also destroying what was left of wheat crops, decimated by severe drought. Expectations of slashed exports sent wheat prices soaring.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(SFC, 8/3/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 2, In southern Somalia Islamist rebels ordered business people to donate cash and jewelry for a holy war against African Union peacekeeping troops and the Somali government.
    (Reuters, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 2, Somali pirates hijacked the MV Suez, a Panamanian-flagged cargo ship with 23 crew onboard, during an early morning raid.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, A cattle raid in Southern Sudan possibly sparked by the region's high bride price, 100 cows or more, left 21 people dead.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 2, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced a four-member panel, including an Israeli and a Turk, to probe Israel's deadly raid in May on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, UNESCO added 6 sites located in Brazil, China, Mexico, France's Reunion Island and the South Pacific nation of Kiribati to World Heritage status.
    (AP, 8/2/10)

2011        Aug 2, Pres. Obama signed the Budget Control Act of 2011. This was emergency legislation to avoid a government default on the national debt a little more than an hour after it passed the Senate. The act called for mandatory cuts, the sequester, to spur a deal to reduce the deficit.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.27)
2011        Aug 2, The US Senate recessed and left without resolving a partisan standoff over a bill to end the partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration. This left the FAA unable to collect taxes on airline ticket sales and already cost the government over $200 million.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, Former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (41) was released from prison in Jackson, Mi., on parole but still faced a federal corruption trial.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A9)
2011        Aug 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up his car outside a compound frequented by foreigners just after dawn, killing four guards, as two other militants stormed the building in Kunduz city and engaged the Afghan police in a two-hour gunbattle. The building was used by two security companies, at least one of whom provides security for GIZ, a German development and assistance organization that contracts mostly with the German government.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Robyn Gardner (35), of Frederick, Maryland, vanished after snorkeling with her companion off the western tip of Aruba. On Aug 6 police detained her traveling companion Gary V. Giordano (50), as he sought to fly back to the US. Giordano had an accidental-death insurance policy on Gardner for $1.5 million and sought to claim the money two days after reporting her missing.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 2, Brazil’s Pres. Dilma Rousseff announced her long-awaited industrial policy. It included the abolishment of a 20% payroll tax for the labor intensive industries of clothing, footwear, furniture and software effective October 1.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.32)
2011        Aug 2, A Brazilian Air Force plane crashed near the city of Bom Jardim da Serra in the state of Santa Catarina, killing all eight people aboard.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, London’s Metropolitan Police, investigating phone hacking and police bribery at the defunct British tabloid News of the World, arrested Stuart Kuttner (71), a former News of the World managing editor.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, China's eastern city of Hangzhou offered its taxi drivers a subsidy of one yuan ($0.16) per trip in a bid to end a two-day strike in the tourism hub.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In the Dominican Rep. journalist Jose Silvestre was killed. On Aug 9 a prosecutor said hotel owner Matias Avelino Castro wanted to prevent journalist Jose Silvestre from publishing a planned story that linked Avelino to a murder and drug trafficking. An arrest warrant was issued for Avelino but his whereabouts were unknown.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 2, French authorities agreed to extradite Manuel Noriega back to Panama.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, A Guatemalan court sentenced three former special forces soldiers to 6,060 years in prison each for the Dec 7, 1982, massacre of 201 men, women and children at Dos Erres during the country's civil war. The sentences for Manuel Pop Sun, Reyes Collin Gualip and Daniel Martinez included 30 years for each death, plus 30 years for crimes against humanity. The three men are former members the Guatemalan military's elite Kaibil unit.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Haitian lawmakers rejected President Michel Martelly's second pick for prime minister. 16 senators voted against the nomination of Bernard Gousse, a controversial former justice minister. The rest of the 30-member Senate refrained from voting.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In southern India at least 10 people were beaten to death by a group of angry villagers who thought they were thieves in the village of Barlahally Cross, Karnataka state.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Indonesia some 10,000 Papuans protested for independence, defying a heavy police presence a day after a deadly ambush that police blamed on separatist rebels.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Iraq a car bomb outside the Syrian Catholic church in Kirkuk wounded 23 people. Police discovered two more car bombs parked outside the Christian Anglican church and the Mar Gourgis church, both in downtown Kirkuk. Unidentified gunmen evening shot dead Iraqi army Lieutenant Colonel Azad Mohammed Ahmed in the Khadra area in the south of Kirkuk while he was driving to his house with one of his guards. 2 members of an anti-Qaeda tribal militia, the Sahwa, which turned against Al-Qaeda and sided with the US military from late 2006, were shot dead north of the city of Baquba by unknown gunmen. Successive bombings targeting an alcohol shop on Baghdad's western outskirts killed 2 policemen at the beginning of the holy Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, The Israeli military said it has slapped restraining orders on 12 Israeli settlers, accused of setting fire to Palestinian mosques, property and vehicles, limiting their movement in the West Bank. Israel’s Supreme Court ordered the government to remove the largest unauthorized settlement outpost in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, Italy recalled its ambassador to Syria to protest the repression of anti-government protests and urged other European nations to do the same.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Japan’s Tokyo Electric Power Co. reported its 2nd deadly radiation reading in as many days at its wrecked Fukushima nuclear plant.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 2, A boat carrying 330 migrants from Libya arrived late in the day on the Italian island of Lampedusa, a day after officials found 25 people choked to death in the engine room of another Libyan refugee boat.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, Mexican authorities said they have detained the director and four guards at a prison in Ciudad Juarez where 17 inmates were killed in fighting last week. A second Mexican polling firm reported three workers missing in Michoacan state, two days after six workers from another survey company vanished from the same place.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, Mexican authorities said they have detained the director and four guards at a prison in Ciudad Juarez where 17 inmates were killed in fighting last week. A second Mexican polling firm reported three workers missing in Michoacan state, two days after six workers from another survey company vanished from the same place. Gunmen killed three police officers in Ascension, Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 2, In northern Myanmar Kachin rebels ambushed a car carrying workers from a Chinese-backed hydroelectric project, killing seven people.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 2, Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou announced that 10 people have been arrested for attempting a coup last month. He said they planned the coup to take place overnight from July 12 to 13.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Pakistan 11 people were reported gunned down in Karachi. In an attempt to contain the violence, authorities called in 1,000 paramilitary troops from the Frontier Corps and also police from the Frontier Constabulary.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Papua New Guinea Peter O’Neill became prime minister after the speaker ruled the post vacant.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.45)(
2011        Aug 2, In the Philippines waist-deep floods have swamped the streets in Manila after a night of monsoon rains closed down schools and government offices. In the southern Philippines an improvised bomb exploded in front of a gun store in Cotabato city, killing at least one person and wounding 9 others, including a 7-year-old girl. Typhoon Muifa killed four people in the Philippines even though it did not make landfall.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 2, In South Africa the main link on Africa's fastest railway opened to thousands of commuters who shuttled at 160 km (100 miles) per hour between Johannesburg and Pretoria.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, South Africa agreed to a $368-million loan to neighboring Swaziland, just one quarter of the amount sought by King Mswati III to avoid his government's financial collapse.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Spain a man (74) was charged and killed by the young bull during an early morning bull-run in the northern town of Lodosa.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Sudan a landmine killed four Ethiopian UN peacekeepers and badly wounded seven others on patrol in the disputed territory of Abyei.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Sudan a heavy rain storm in West Darfur caused two buildings housing Sudanese soldiers to collapse, killing 20 and injuring another 30.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 2, Syrian troops tightened their siege on the city of Hama by taking up positions near homes and sending residents fleeing for their lives.
    (AP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, A team of Ugandan and French paleontologists announced they had found a 20-million-year-old ape skull in northeastern Uganda, saying it could shed light on the region's evolutionary history.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)
2011        Aug 2, In Zimbabwe at least 14 people were killed after a minibus crashed 120 miles east of Harare, the second deadly accident involving an overcrowded bus in the southern African country in recent days.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2012        Aug 2, US Treasury Department investigators said the Internal Revenue Service may have delivered more than $5 billion in refund checks to identity thieves who filed fraudulent tax returns for 2011. They estimate another $21 billion could make its way to ID thieves' pockets over the next five years.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Afghanistan five insurgents linked to the Haqqani network were killed in a pre-dawn gunbattle in an area of Kabul home to Western embassies.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Algeria smugglers were taken by surprise when a border patrol arrived on near Roubane village, less than a kilometer from the Moroccan frontier, and after a brief exchange of fire the gunmen fled. 4 border guards killed in the clash.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 2, Argentina's president celebrated the final $2.3 billion payment on a bond given to people whose savings were confiscated a decade ago, calling it a lesson for European countries now mired in foreign debt.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Bahrain riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades as hundreds of anti-government protesters attempted to block a key highway.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, Bangladesh said it has ordered three international charities to stop providing aid to Rohingya refugees who cross the border to flee persecution and violence in Myanmar.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Brazil a federal judge ordered Brazilian mining company Vale to suspend its planned expansion of a rail line in northern Brazil because it would endanger the livelihood of the Awa Guaja Indian tribe living in the region.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, A court in London jailed an Ethiopian diplomat for trying to smuggle a large stash of cannabis through London's Heathrow Airport. Amelework Wondemagegne (36), an official at the Ethiopian embassy in Washington, had tried to claim diplomatic immunity when she was caught at the airport in April with 56 kilograms (123 pounds) of cannabis.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, John Keegan (b.1934), a leading British scholar on battles, died. His books included “The Face of Battle" (1976).
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 2, Chinese state media said courts in the restive Xinjiang region with a large Muslim population have jailed 20 people for up to 15 years for using the Internet to incite separatism and "holy war."
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, A judge in Egypt investigating corruption charges against former Hosni Mubarak premier Ahmed Shafiq ordered Mubarak's two sons detained for allegedly buying land from Shafiq at below market price.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, It was reported that France planned to offer financial incentives to French fishermen for hunting bull sharks, a threatened shark species, following recent attacks on people off the coast of Reunion.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.A4)
2012        Aug 2, Hong Kong choked under the worst smog ever recorded in the city, with residents warned to stay indoors, away from the blanket of toxic haze.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Iraq 3 attacks on separate checkpoints north of Baghdad killed eight people, including four policemen and three anti-Qaeda militiamen. In all 33 people were killed in attacks mainly targeting the security forces.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Iraq's Kurdistan region said it will resume oil exports during the first week of August as a confidence-building measure, after stopping them for more than four months following a row with Baghdad. Kurdistan halted oil exports to the federal government on April 1 over $1.5 billion it said is owed to foreign oil companies working in the region, that Baghdad has allegedly withheld.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, Syrian opposition activists say regime forces have swept through neighborhoods south of the capital Damascus in a deadly military operation that has inflicted casualties. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 179 people were killed today.
    (AP, 8/2/12)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Kofi Annan, the UN-Arab League envoy to Syria, resigned citing divisions within the Security Council preventing a united approach to stop the fighting.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Turkish warplanes and attack helicopters are pounding Kurdish rebel positions in a major clash in a rugged area near Turkey's borders with Iraq and Iran. Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels have been clashing in the area for about two weeks.
    (AP, 8/2/12)
2012        Aug 2, In Yemen al-Qaida gunmen shot dead four soldiers in Jaar, one of the militants' former southern strongholds.
    (AP, 8/2/12)

2013        Aug 2, Burkina Faso police said that two officers were seriously wounded in the unrest on campuses in Ouagadougou this week. The violence began after university officials told students to vacate their dormitories at the end of July and they refused.
    (AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, Germany canceled a Cold War-era surveillance pact with the United States and Britain in response to revelations by National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden about those countries' alleged electronic eavesdropping operations.
    (AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, A report by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights said Honduras' 24 prisons are controlled by inmates because the state has abandoned its role in rehabilitating people convicted of crimes.
    (AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, In Iraq an explosion and fire disabled a pipeline carrying gas from northern oilfields to power stations early today.
    (Reuters, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, In Libya five people were wounded in a bomb blast at a police station in Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, Moroccan riot police broke up a protest by hundreds of people late today against a royal pardon for a Spanish pedophile serving a 30-year sentence for raping and filming children as young as four.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 2, In northern Syria overnight clashes between Kurdish opposition fighters and rebels linked to al-Qaida killed 12 Islamic fighters.
    (AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, Taiwanese lawmakers exchanged punches and threw water at each other ahead of an expected vote that would authorize a referendum on whether to finish a fourth nuclear power plant on the densely populated island of 23 million people.
    (AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, Tunisian forces launched air and ground strikes on Islamist militants near the Algerian border after fierce overnight clashes in the area.
    (Reuters, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, In Yemen clashes erupted in Sanaa when a group of soldiers, who had joined a mutiny, tried to storm the presidential palace. One of the mutinied troops was killed and six were wounded in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Aug 2, Zimbabwe's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) said it could take to the streets to challenge President Mugabe's victory in an election it rejects as a farce and which faces skepticism from the West. Observers from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) described Zimbabwe's elections as "free and peaceful."
    (Reuters, 8/2/13)

2014        Aug 2, Sami Inkinen (38) and Meredith Loring (34) arrived in Hawaii after a record-breaking 45-day row from California.
    (SFC, 8/6/14, p.A1)
2014        Aug 2, Donald Ray Morgan (44), of Landis, NC, wanted for selling an assault rifle and other weapons over the Internet, was intercepted at Kennedy Airport and questioned about the Islamic State. A judge ordered him held without bail and sent him to NC to face the gun charge.
    (AP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 2, Toledo, Ohio, issued the warning just after midnight after tests at a treatment plant showed two sample readings for microsystin above the standard for consumption. The city said not to boil the water because that would only increase the toxin's concentration. The mayor also warned that children should not shower or bathe in the water and that it shouldn't be given to pets. The water supply was fouled by toxins possibly from algae on Lake Erie. On Aug 4 city officials declared the water safe.
    (AP, 8/3/14)(SFC, 8/5/14, p.A12)
2014        Aug 2, Australia officials said some 157 asylum-seekers, thought to be mostly ethnic Tamils from Sri Lanka and detained at sea for weeks, have been sent to the island of Nauru after rejecting a return to India.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, In Azerbaijan 5 more soldiers were killed in overnight skirmishes between Azeri government forces and ethnic Armenian separatists controlling the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh enclave.
    (AP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, Health experts said a cholera epidemic in northern Cameroon has killed at least 65 people and probably infected about 1,300 people over the last two months.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 2, In eastern China a suspected dust explosion at an automotive parts factory that supplies General Motors killed 75 people in Kunshan. The death toll climbed to 146 when other workers died in the hospital. This was the country's worst industrial accident since 2005. On December 30 China's Cabinet announced the firing of the top two officials of Kunshan. 20 others were placed under judicial review for possible indictment.
    (AP, 8/2/14)(SFC, 8/5/14, p.A2)(AP, 12/30/14)
2014        Aug 2, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said an Egyptian truce plan provides a "real chance" to end the Gaza conflict, stressing the need for its speedy implementation.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, Air France cancelled some of its short and medium-haul flights from airports across France due to a strike by ground staff on one of the busiest travel days of the year.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, In Iraq Islamic State militants fought Kurdish forces for the northern town of Zumar located near an oil field and the Syrian border amid conflicting reports of who was in control.
    (Reuters, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, Israel signaled it was winding down the 25-day-old Gaza war unilaterally, saying it would not attend Egyptian-hosted negotiations for a new truce and giving Palestinians who had fled fighting in one northern town the all-clear to return. Gaza's mostly civilian death toll rose to 1,669. Israel said its Iron Dome interceptor shot down rockets launched at the cities of Tel Aviv and Beersheba.
    (Reuters, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, In Lebanon fighting began in the eastern border town of Arsal after troops detained Syrian citizen Imad Ahmad Jomaa, who identified himself as a member of the Nusra Front.
    (AP, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 2, Libya's new nationalist-dominated parliament held its first consultative meeting in Tobruk, boycotted by Islamists, as violence wracked the country from which thousands were fleeing.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, In northern Nepal more than 150 people were feared dead after a massive landslide blocked a mountain river, causing the water to form a lake that was threatening to burst in the village of Mankha. The search for victims ended on Aug 6 with just 33 of 156 victims recovered.
    (SFC, 8/4/14, p.A2)(AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 2, The Philippines urged its thousands of workers in Libya to leave the strife-torn nation now while they still can, warning that the remaining exit routes were closing fast.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, Russia’s Labirint (Labyrinth) travel company announced it had halted operations, leaving 27,000 Russians "abroad without return tickets." After making emergency arrangements they were able to bring a third home, cutting the number stuck abroad to just under 16,000. Labirint was the fourth Russian tour operator to go bust in the past three weeks, stranding more than 50,000 abroad.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 2, In Syria Yaacub al-Omar, the local chief of Al-Qaeda's affiliate Al-Nusra Front, was killed overnight died in an apparent assassination after a bomb went off in his car in Idlib province. Syrian troops backed by Hezbollah fighters killed at least 50 jihadists from the Islamic State and Al-Nusra Front groups in overnight clashes near the border with Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/2/14)(AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, The UN refugee agency UNHCR said Sri Lanka must stop deporting Pakistani asylum seekers, a practice banned under international law. Sri Lanka began arresting asylum seekers and refugees on June 9 and has since detained 214 Pakistanis and Afghans in two asylum centers.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 2, In southern Yemen 4 policemen were killed in an attack on a security checkpoint in Shabwa province.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)

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