Today in History - August 3

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1347        Aug 3, Six burghers of the surrounded French city of Calais surrendered to Edward III of England in hopes of relieving the siege.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1492        Aug 3, Christopher Columbus, set sail from the port of Palos de la Frontera, in southern Spain and headed for Cipangu, i.e. Japan. The voyage took him to the present-day Americas. His squadron consisted of three small ships, the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina. The 2nd ship was owned by Cristóbal Quintero, and was named Pinta. The 3rd ship was owned by Juan Niño, and was named the Santa Clara, but became known by its nickname, the Nina.
    (http://tinyurl.com/774v3)(SFEC, 8/8/99, Z1 p.8)(ON, 8/09, p.2)

1546        Aug 3, French printer Etienne Dolet, accused of heresy, blasphemy and sedition, was hanged and burned at the stake for printing reformist literature.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1553        Aug 3, Mary Tudor, the new Queen of England, entered London.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1596        Aug 3, David Fabricius discovered light variation of Mira (1st variable star).
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1610        Aug 3, Henry Hudson of England discovered a great bay on the east coast of Canada and named it for himself.
    (HN, 8/3/98)(HNQ, 7/23/00)

1667        Aug 3, Francesco Borromini (b.1599), Italian Baroque architect and sculptor, died. He designed the San Ivo della Sapienza church in Rome. In 2005 Jake Morrissey authored “The Genius in the Design: Bernini, Borromini and the Rivalry that Transformed Rome."
    (www.bookrags.com/biography-francesco-borromini/)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.71)

1678        Aug 3, Robert LaSalle built the 1st ship in America, Griffon.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1692        Aug 3, French forces under Marshal Luxembourg defeated the English at the Battle of Steenkerke in the Netherlands.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1721        Aug 3, Grinling Gibbons (b.1648), Dutch-British sculptor and wood carver, died. He was known for his work in England.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grinling_Gibbons)

1753        Aug 3, Charles Earl Stanhope, radical politician, scientist, was born in England.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1804        Aug 3, US Commodore Edward Prebble’s squadron bombarded Tripoli inflicting heavy damages on the city.
    (ON, 2/03, p.4)

1805        Aug 3, Mohammed Ali became the new ruler of Egypt.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1807        Aug 3, Former Vice President Aaron Burr went on trial before a federal court in Richmond, Va., charged with treason. He was acquitted less than a month later.
    (AP, 8/3/07)

1811        Aug 3, Elisha Graves Otis (d.1861), inventor (safe elevator), was born. The Vermont native, was a master mechanic working at a bedstead factory in Yonkers, N.Y., when he built a hoisting machine with two sets of metal teeth at the car’s sides. If the lifting rope broke, the teeth would lock into place, preventing the car from falling. Otis ever realized the potential of his invention. His sons built the Otis Elevator Company, enabling the skylines of cities throughout the world to be transformed with skyscrapers.
    (www.famousamericans.net/elishagravesotis/)(ON, 5/05, p.12)

1851        Aug 3, Lady Isabella Caroline Somerset, temperance leader, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1852        Aug 3, In the 1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1860        Aug 3, The American Canoe Association was founded at Lake George, NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1863        Aug 3, Horatio Seymour (1810-1886), two-time governor of NY (1853-54 and 1863-64), asked Pres. Lincoln to suspend the draft in NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horatio_Seymour)
1863        Aug 3, The Saratoga Race Course opened in Saratoga Springs, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saratoga_Race_Course)

1864        Aug 3, Federal gunboats attacked but did not capture Fort Gains, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama. [see Aug 4]
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1867        Aug 3, Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), was born.
    (HN, 8/3/98)(SC, 8/3/02)

1871        Aug 3, Vernon Louis Parrington, critic, educator, author (Pulitzer 1928), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1872        Aug 3, Haakon VII, King of Norway, was born in Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1873        Aug 3, Inventor Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable car he had designed for the city of San Francisco. Hallidie made the first cable car trip aboard his Nob Hill Line traveling down Clay St. from Knob Hill to Kearney and then back up.
    (www.sfmuseum.org/bio/hallidie.html)(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A16)(AP, 8/2/06)(SFC, 5/30/15, p.C2)

1881        Aug 3, US Nation Lawn Tennis Association removed "Nation" from name.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1882        Aug 3, US Congress passed the 1st Immigration Act. The amended act banned Chinese immigration for ten years. The Chinese Exclusion Act barred laborers from China and halted a massive immigration of Cantonese peasants. [see 1882-1943]
    (HN, 8/3/98)(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.4)(www.u-s-history.com/pages/h739.html)

1884        Aug 3, Louis Gruenberg, composer (Daniel Jazz), was born near Brest Litovsk, Poland.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1887        Aug 3, Rupert Brooke (d.1915), English poet who mainly wrote about World War I, was born: "Cities, like cats, will reveal themselves at night."
    (AP, 2/20/98)(HN, 8/3/98)

1900        Aug 3, Ernie Pyle (d.1945), World War II correspondent who wrote about the common soldier, was born. "One of the paradoxes of war is that those in the rear want to get up into the fight, while those in the lines want to get out."
    (HN, 8/3/98)(AP, 4/18/99)
1900        Aug 3, John T. Scopes, Tennessee teacher convicted for teaching evolution, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1901        Aug 3, John Stennis, Sen-D-Miss, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1902        Aug 3, Ray Block, orchestra leader (Ed Sullivan, Jackie Gleason), was born in France.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1902        Aug 3, Habib Bourguiba, 1st president of Tunisia, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1902        Aug 3, Judson Laire, actor, singer (Papa-Mama), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1905        Aug 3, Maggie Kuhn, social activist and founder of "The Gray Panthers," was born.
    (HN, 8/3/98)
1905        Aug 3, Dolores Del Rio, actress (What Price Glory?), was born in Mexico.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1907        Aug 3, Irene Tedrow, actress (Lucy-Dennis the Menace, Mr. Novak), was born in Denver, Colo.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1908        Aug 3, Col. Allan Allensworth (1842-1914) filed the site plan for the first African-American town, Allensworth, California. Allensworth had purchased 800 acres in Tulare County along the Sante Fe rail line and planned a settlement to be governed, financed and operated by black people. The town flourished for a decade and then began to crumble. In 1976 it was transformed into a 240-acre state park.
    (HN, 8/3/98)(SFC, 1/8/07, p.A1)

1909         Aug 3, Walter Van Tilberg, Western novelist, was born. He wrote "The Ox-Bow Incident."
    (HN, 8/3/00)

1911        Aug 3, Airplanes were used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoitered Turkish lines near Tripoli.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1914        Aug 3, Germany invaded Belgium and declared war on France at the onset of World War I. The German plan for victory in France was known as the Schlieffen Plan, and was based on a quick strike and the capture of Paris.
    (HN, 8/3/98)(AP, 8/3/08)(ON, 8/08, p.5)
1914        Aug 3, German Admiral Souchon, commander of the battle cruisers Goeben and Breslau, received an unexpected change in his orders. After attacking the Algerian coast he was no longer to sail west to the Atlantic Ocean. Instead, he was now ordered to turn around and sail east to Turkey. His new mission was to persuade the neutral Turkish government to enter the war on the side of Germany. The 2 ships were sold to Turkey and Souchon was made commander of the Turkish navy. He took the ships into the Black Sea, where he bombarded the Russian cities of Odessa, Sebastopol and Novorossiysk without the knowledge or consent of the Turkish government.
    (http://www.worldwar1.com/sfgb.htm)(ON, Dec, 1995)

1916        Aug 3, Roger Casement, knighted for his service in the Congo, was hanged at London’s Pentonville Prison for his activities on behalf of Irish independence.
    (SFEM, 8/16/98, p.12)(www.firstworldwar.com/bio/casement.htm)

1918        Aug 3, James MacGregor Burns, political writer (The Lion & the Fox), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1920        Aug 3, P.D. James (Phyllis Dorothy James), British mystery writer, was born.
    (HN, 8/3/00)
1920        Aug 3, Maria Karnilova, actress (Olga-Ivan the Terrible), was born in Hartford, Ct.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1921        Aug 3, Hayden Carruth, novelist (Crow & Heart), was born in Waterbury, Ct.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1921        Aug 3, Marilyn Maxwell, actress (East of Sumatra), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1921        Aug 3, Baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refused to reinstate the former Chicago White Sox players implicated in the "Black Sox" scandal, despite their acquittals on a technicality in a jury trial.
    (AP, 8/3/01)(SC, 8/3/02)
1921        Aug 3, The 1st aerial crop dusting was in Troy, Ohio, to kill caterpillars.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1923        Aug 3, Anne Klein, fashion designer (Anne Klein II), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1923        Aug 3, Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th president of the United States, following the death of Warren G. Harding. It took several hours for the news of President Warren G. Harding's death in California to reach the small town of Plymouth, Vermont, where he was enjoying a short vacation, but by 2 a.m., Coolidge was told that Harding was dead. Traditionally, the president is sworn in by the chief justice of the Supreme Court--but he slept 500 miles away. At 2:30 a.m. on August 3, 1923, Coolidge's father, a notary public, administered the oath of office to his son by the light of a kerosene lamp.
    (AP, 8/3/97)(HNPD, 8/3/98)

1924        Aug 3, Leon Uris, writer, was born. His works included "Battle Cry" and "Exodus."
    (HN, 8/3/00)
1924        Aug 3, Joseph Conrad (b.1857), Ukraine-born and Poland-raised novelist (Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski), died in England. In 2008 Jim Stape authored “The Several Lives of Joseph Conrad."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Conrad)

1926        Aug 3, Tony Bennett, singer, was born in Queens, NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1927        Aug 3, Gordon Scott, actor (Tarzan & the Trappers), was born in Portland, Oregon.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1927        Aug 3, Members of the West Virginia Univ. Botanical Expedition on a trip to Peters Mountain in Virginia, found wildflowers that were related to the Kankakee mallow, and named it the Peters Mountain mallow. [see 1872]
    (Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.57-58)

1928        Aug 3, Ray Barbuti saved the US team from defeat in Amsterdam Olympics track events by winning 400 m (47.8 sec).
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1929        Aug 3, Bethel Leslie, entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1930        Aug 3, James Komack, writer, director, actor (Courtship of Eddie's Father), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1931        Aug 3, Alex Cord, actor (Brotherhood, Fire, Street Asylum), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1935        Aug 3, Richard D. Lamm, Gov-D-Colo, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1935        Aug 3, Georgi S. Shonin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 6), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1936        Aug 3, The State Department urged Americans in Spain to leave because of that country's civil war.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1938        Aug 3, George Memmoli, actor (Earl-Hello Larry), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1938        Aug 3, Terry "5 Wigs" Wogan, British talk show host (Irish Days), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1940        Aug 3, John W. Carlin, Gov-D-KS, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1940        Aug 3, Martin Sheen, actor (Subject Was Roses, Wall St), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1940        Aug 3, The Supreme Soviet officially registered the acceptance of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania into the USSR.
    (SC, 8/3/02)(www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1941        Aug 3, Beverly Lee, singer (Shirelles-Soldier Boy), was born in Passaic, NJ.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1941        Aug 3, Martha Stewart, cookbook author, actress (Those Two), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1943        Aug 3, Gen. George S. Patton slapped a private at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice. Patton was later ordered by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize for this and a second, similar episode.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1945        Aug 3, Ron Hendren, TV host (Entertainment Tonight), was born in Pinehurst, NC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1945        Aug 3, Chinese troops under American General Joseph Stilwell took the town of Myitkyina from the Japanese.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1948        Aug 3, Whittaker Chambers, an editor for Time Magazine and a former Communist, told a hearing of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) that he was a courier of stolen government documents in a Communist espionage operation during the 1930s, some of which were supplied by Alger Hiss. He publicly accused former State Department official Alger Hiss of having been part of a Communist underground, a charge Hiss denied.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A3)(AP, 8/3/97)

1949        Aug 3, The US Congress approved the celebration of Flag Day. Presidents had tried since 1916 to establish a national observance to show respect for the flag. It was President Truman who signed it into law, finally, establishing June 14th as Flag Day.
    (http://www1.va.gov/opa/feature/celebrate/flagday.asp)
1949        Aug 3, The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League merged to form the National Basketball Association.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1950        Aug 3, John Landis, American film director, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Landis)
1950        Aug 3, A US Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) of 35 men arrives in Saigon. By the end of the year, the US was bearing half of the cost of France's war effort in Vietnam. Pres. Truman gave military aid to the Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai.
    (www.oakton.edu/user/~wittman/chronol.htm)
1950        Aug 3, In South Korea Maj. Gen'l. Hobart R. Gay ordered the demolition of the Waegwan Bridge over the Naktong River to prevent enemy crossings. The bridge was filled with refugees. 25 miles down river the 650-foot long Tuksong-dong bridge was also destroyed as refugees crossed.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A6)

1951        Aug 3, Frank Pace, Jr., Secretary of the Army, announced that 90 cadets of the United States Military Academy at West Point, NY, were to be expelled for cheating during examinations. Many of them were on the football team. In 1996 James Blackwell authored “On Brave Old Army Team: Cheating Scandal That Rocked the Country - West Point, 1951."
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=13874)(http://tinyurl.com/yfw7u3)

1952        Aug 3, Jay North, actor (Dennis the Menace, Maya), was born in North Hollywood, Calif.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1952        Aug 3, The 15th Olympic Games concluded in Helsinki. US competitors won 40 gold medals.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.E4)(SC, 8/3/02)

1953        Aug 3, Ian Bairnson, guitarist (Alan Parsons Project, Pilot), was born in Shetland Isles, Scotland.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1953        Aug 3, Pres. Eisenhower created the US Information Agency to communicate with foreign nations and counter Soviet propaganda. "The USIA explains and supports American foreign policy and promotes US national interests through a wide range of overseas information programs." Theodore Streibert served as its first director. The agency was dissolved in 1999. In 2008 Nicholas J. Cull authored “The Cold War and the United States Information Agency."
    (WSJ, 7/23/08, p.A13)(http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/usia/abtusia/commins.pdf)
1953        Aug 3, Frank Blair became the news anchor of the Today Show.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1954        Aug 3, The 1st VTOL (Vertical Take-off & Land) aircraft was flown.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1954        Aug 3, Sidonie Gabrielle Colette (b.1873), French actress, librettist, novelist (Claudine) and critic, died. Her novels included "Le Ble en herbe" (The Ripening Seed) and "Julie de Carneilhan (1941).  In 1999 Judith Thurman authored "Secrets of the Flesh," a biography of Colette.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A24)(SC, 8/3/02)

1955        Aug 3, Automobile Association of America ended support of auto racing.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1955        Aug 3, Hurricane Connie began pounding US for 11 days.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1956        Aug 3, Kirk Brandon, rocker (Theatre of Hate, Spear of Destiny-Outland), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1958        Aug 3, The nuclear-powered submarine USS Nautilus became the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater. The Nautilus was decommissioned in 1980 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1982.
    (PCh, 1992, p.965)(AP, 8/3/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Nautilus_%28SSN-571%29)

1959        Aug 3, Victoria Jackson, actress (Casual Sex, SNL), was born in Miami, Fla.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1960        Aug 3, Niger gained independence from France. Hamani Diori was president.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)(SC, 8/3/02)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)

1961        Aug 3, Britain’s Parliament adopted the Suicide Act of 1961, which decriminalized suicide in the UK, but made assisting one punishable by up to 14 years in jail.
    (Econ, 6/6/09, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide_Act_1961)

1963        Aug 3, James Hetfield, heavy metal rocker (Metallica-Helpless), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1963        Aug 3, Carlo Imperato, actor (Fame), was born in Bronx, NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1963        Aug 3, Allan Sherman released "Hello Mudda, Hello Fadda."
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1963        Aug 3, Beatles made a final performance the Cavern Club in Liverpool.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1963        Aug 3, Phil Graham, publisher of the Washington Post, committed suicide. His wife, Katharine Graham (1917-2001), took over as publisher. She published her autobiography in 1997: "Personal History."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katharine_Graham)(SFEC, 2/9/97, BR p.1)

1966        Aug 3, Lenny Bruce (b.1925), stand up comic, died at his home in Hollywood, Ca., from a morphine overdose.
    (WSJ, 5/29/03, p.D8)(www.fadetoblack.com/foi/lennybruce/bio.htm)

1967        Aug 3, John Femia, actor (Square Pegs, Hello Larry), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1967        Aug 3, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced plans to send 45,000 more troops to Vietnam.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1970        Aug 3, A 4-day NFL strike ended when the owners agreed to put $4.5 million into the players' pension fund and insurance benefits annually. The players also received increased preseason and per diem payments.
    (www.buffalobills.com/team/history/important-dates-august.html)
1970        Aug 3, Hurricane "Celia" reached its peak as it made landfall near Corpus Christi, Texas, as a strong Category Three hurricane.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Celia)

1971        Aug 3, Paul McCartney announced the formation of his group Wings.
    (www.rockhall.com/inductee/paul-mccartney)

1972        Aug 3, The US Senate ratified the Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM treaty). It banned the construction of systems to defend against ballistic missile attacks. It had been signed in Moscow on May 26 and entered into force on October 3.
    (SFC, 10/18/99, p.A5)(www.fas.org/nuke/control/abmt/)

1974        Aug 3, Jenny Beck, TV and film actress, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenny_Beck_(actress))

1975        Aug 3, The Louisiana Superdome was dedicated.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisiana_Superdome)

1976        Aug 3, Valeri Sablin, Soviet Navy officer, was executed for mutiny.  He was a character in the 1990 Hollywood film “Hunt for Red October."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valery_Sablin)

1977        Aug 3, Radio Shack issued a press release introducing the TRS-80 computer. 25 existed and within weeks thousands were ordered.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TRS-80)
1977        Aug 3, Archbishop Makarios (b.1913), president of Cyprus, died.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makarios)

1979        Aug 3, INS inspectors at the SF Int’l. Airport stopped 2 male Mexican nationals because their bags contained cosmetics. The INS soon issued a new directive temporarily halting its agents from turning back foreign visitors suspected of being homosexuals.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.F4)

1980        Aug 3, Closing ceremonies were held in Moscow for the 1980 Summer Olympic Games, which had been boycotted by dozens of countries, including the United States.
    (AP, 8/3/00)

1981        Aug 3, US air traffic controllers (PATCO) went on strike, despite a warning from President Reagan they would be fired. Most of the 13,000 controllers defied Reagan’s order to return to work within 48 hours and were fired.
    (AP, 8/3/02)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1982        Aug 3, An explosion on board a hot air balloon carrying 9 people at a festival in Albuquerque, New Mexico, killed four people and injured five.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1983        Aug 3, Carolyn Jones (b.1930), actress, died. She is best remembered for playing the role of Morticia Addams in the classic TV Series The Addams Family.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolyn_Jones)

1987        Aug 3, The Iran-Contra congressional hearings ended, with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1988        Aug 3, The Soviet Union released Mathias Rust, the West German who landed a small plane in Moscow's Red Square in May 1987.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1989        Aug 3, Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon suspended their threat to execute another American hostage, three days after the purported hanging of Lt. Col. William R. Higgins.
    (AP, 8/2/99)
1989        Aug 3, Hashemi Rafsanjani was sworn in as president of Iran.
    (AP, 8/3/99)

1990        Aug 3, US announced the commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1990        Aug 3, Radio Kuwait went off the air due to the Iraqi invasion.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1990        Aug 3, A day after Iraq invaded Kuwait, thousands of Iraqi soldiers pushed to within a few miles of the border with Saudi Arabia, heightening world concerns that the invasion could spread.
    (AP, 8/3/00)

1991        Aug 3, The Pan Am games opened in Havana.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1991        Aug 3, US Secretary of State James A. Baker III met with King Hassan the Second of Morocco. Baker asked the monarch for his help in gaining Palestinian participation in a Middle East peace conference.
    (AP, 8/3/01)

1992        Aug 3, The US Senate voted to sharply restrict and eventually end U.S. testing of nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 8/3/97) 
1992        Aug 3, Millions of South African blacks joined a nationwide strike against white-led rule.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1993        Aug 3, The US Senate voted 96-3 to confirm Supreme Court nominee Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
    (AP, 8/3/98)
1993        Aug 3, James Jordan, the father of basketball star Michael Jordan, was found dead in a South Carolina creek, 11 days after he was slain; his remains were not identified until Aug. 13.
    (AP, 8/3/98)

1994        Aug 3, President Clinton told a prime-time news conference he would sign either of two Democratic health care plans before Congress.
    (AP, 8/2/99)
1994        Aug 3, VP Al Gore broke a 50-50 tie in the US Senate by voting in favor of an ethanol tax credit. In 2009 the credit added almost $5 billion to the federal deficit. In 2010 Gore admitted that first-generation ethanol was a mistake.
    (SFC, 11/30/10, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/2c4xaup)
1994        Aug 3, Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as the US Supreme Court's newest justice in a private ceremony at Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist's Vermont summer home.
    (AP, 8/3/97)
1994        Aug 3, Arkansas carried out the nation's first triple execution in 32 years.
    (AP, 8/2/99)

1995        Aug 3, Wisconsin Gov. Tommy Thompson announced an end to welfare offices in the state at the site of a new jobs center in Racine.
    (SFC, 9/1/97, p.A3)
1995        Aug 3, A Palestinian, Eyad Ismoil, was flown to the United States from Jordan to face charges he’d driven a bomb-laden van into New York’s World Trade Center. The 1993 explosion killed six people and injured more than one-thousand; Ismoil is serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 8/3/00)

1996        Aug 3, At the Atlanta Olympics, the U.S. men's 400-meter relay, without Carl Lewis, failed to win the gold medal, finishing behind Canada. The American women's 400 and 1,600 relay teams, and the men's 1,600, all won gold. The U.S. men's basketball team beat Yugoslavia 95-69 to win the gold.
    (AP, 8/3/97)
1996        Aug 3-4, In Malaysia there was a nationwide power blackout that lasted 16 hours in some areas.
    (WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A5c)
1996        Aug 3-4, Sri Lanka’s military said it killed some 200 Tamil separatist rebels in a weekend battle. Rebels said 100 government soldiers were killed. Both sides denied the others claims.
    (WSJ, 8/6/96, p.A1)

1997        Aug 3, The US Court of Appeals issued a reprieve for Thomas Thompson, accused of the 1981 murder of Ginger Fleischli, less than 36 hours before his scheduled death. California filed an appeal with the US Supreme Court. He was executed Jul 14, 1998.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/db9ve)
1997        Aug 3, UPS went out on strike.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 3, Anjouan Island unilaterally declared independence from Comoros. It complained that it was not receiving a fair share of export revenues mainly from the sale of ylang-ylang flowers, used to make perfume.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A18)(www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107423.html)
1997        Aug 3, On Feb 8, 2011, Otto Rene Rodriguez (52) told the Associated Press in an exclusive interview that he received powerful C-4 explosives and $2,000 in cash directly from Luis Posada Carriles to carry out an Aug 3, 1997, bombing at Havana's Melia Cohiba hotel. He was captured trying to enter the country on a subsequent trip with 1.5 kilos (3.3 pounds) of C-4 that Posada had given him.
    (AP, 2/9/11)
1997        Aug 3, Iran's new president, moderate Muslim cleric Mohammad Khatami, took office with a message of peace to the world. In a reference to the United States, he said his country opposed the "high-handedness of certain big countries."
    (AP, 8/3/98)
1997        Aug 3, In South Africa a Greyhound bus crashed near Trompsburg and left 4 people dead.
    (Eyewitness, Brett Moses)

1998        Aug 3, The White House played down the possibility that President Clinton would reverse previous statements and admit to a sexual relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky when he testified before a grand jury.
    (AP, 8/2/99)
1998        Aug 3, Lucky Stores and Albertson’s announced a merger creating the largest supermarket chain in the US.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 3, It was reported that the US prison population grew 5.2% to 1,244,554 in 1997.
    (WSJ, 8/3/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 3, US researchers announced the discovery of a number of new species on the island of Navassa, a US territory of 2 sq. miles in the Greater Antilles, 40 miles west of Haiti.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Aug 3, The Oregon coastal Coho salmon were listed by the federal government as a Threatened species.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A7)
1998        Aug 3, Soviet composer Alfred Schnittke (63) died in Germany. The Kronos Quartet released a 2-disk recording "Alfred Schnittke: The Complete String Quartets" just weeks before his death.
    (WSJ, 8/4/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/18/98, DB p.49)
1998        Aug 3, In Austria Hermann Nitsch (b.1938) ignored animal rights protestors and began a 6-day festival during which he planned to kill pigs and bulls and paint pictures with their blood. This was his 100th such performance (named the 6-Day Play after its length) and it took place at his castle, Schloss Prinzendorf.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Nitsch)
1998        Aug 3, In Congo rebellious troops seized control of several cities. Sylvain Mbuchi, claimed to be the rebel leader and announced that the military had decided to remove Kabila from power. Kabila last week ordered Rwandan and Tutsi troops to leave Congo.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 3, In India 34 villagers were killed in Himachal Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 3, In Northern Ireland Protestant marchers and Catholic residents compromised on the Aug 8 Apprentice Boys parade scheduled in Londonderry.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 3, It was reported that Mexico’s bill for preventing the collapse of its banking system in 1995 was up to $65 billion.
    (SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A1)
1998        Aug 3, In Rwanda Hutu rebels massacred at least 104 civilians over the weekend.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 3, Serb forces overran 2 more ethnic Albanian strongholds.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 3, In Sudan the government declared a unilateral cease-fire.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 3, The UN approved plans for a NATO action in Kosovo to counter the Serb offensive.
    (WSJ, 8/4/98, p.A1)

1999        Aug 3, The new Talk Magazine, a Hearst publication, hit the newsstands under Tina Brown, editor-in chief, and Ron Galotti, publisher.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A7)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 3, Congressional Republicans, shrugging off a presidential veto threat, nailed down the details of an agreement for a ten-year, $792 billion tax cut.
    (AP, 8/3/00)
1999        Aug 3, Arbitrators ruled the government had to pay the heirs of Dallas dressmaker Abraham Zapruder $16 million for his movie film that captured the assassination of President Kennedy.
    (AP, 8/3/00)
1999        Aug 3, It was reported that scientists had identified the gene, ABC1, that regulates the body's good cholesterol, HDL.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A6)
1999        Aug 3, Richard Olney, writer on French cooking, died in France at age 71. His autobiography "Reflexions" was due for publishing in Oct.
    (SFC, 8/4/99, p.C2)
1999        Aug 3, In Colombia fighting died down in Currulao with 15 FARC rebels and one soldier dead. 2 Pentecostal pastors were reported killed near Lejanias.
    (SFC, 8/4/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 3, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie validated the June 7 election results.
    (WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 3, An Iraqi military doctor, who had defected to Jordan, reported that 400 Iraqi dissidents, wounded in recent clashes with security forces, were executed. Maj. Saad Khazal Jabbar said 120 people were killed in the anti-government riots in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A14)
1999        Aug 3, Three days of rain in the Manila area left 33 dead. In South Korea 57 people died or were missing from Monsoon rains. In Vietnam 24 were dead and at least 5 died in Thailand. Numerous people were left homeless and many were missing.
    (SFC, 8/4/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 3, In Turkey Abdulah Ocalan called on the PKK to abandon its armed struggle and pull forces out of Turkey by Sept. 1.
    (SFC, 8/4/99, p.A1)

2000        Aug 3, George W. Bush accepted the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Philadelphia with a 52 minute speech He presented himself as an outsider who would return "civility and respect" to Washington politics.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.A1)(AP, 8/3/01)
2000        Aug 3, It was reported that scientists had developed the genetic blueprint of the cholera bacterium.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A10)
2000        Aug 3, Canadian sailors dropped from helicopters and took over the GTS Katie, a private American freighter, that held 3 Canadian soldiers and $250 million in military equipment that was being returned from Kosovo. The freighter had refused to dock over a payment dispute.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.A17)
2000        Aug 3, In Indonesia prosecutors charged former Pres. Suharto with corruption for allegedly skimming $750 million in public funds from charities under his control.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.D3)
2000        Aug 3, In Sri Lanka the government presented rebels with a new constitution that offered autonomy to minority Tamils. Ramil Wickremesinghe, opposition United National Party leader, rejected the offer.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.D3)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)

2001        Aug 3, In Chicago an elevated commuter train rear-ended another and over 140 people were injured.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A3)
2001        Aug 3, Banamex was acquired by Citigroup in a $12.5 billion deal.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.A9)
2001        Aug 3, Christopher Hewett (b.1922), British theater, film and TV Actor, died in LA, Ca. He was best known for his role as Mr. Lynn Belvedere on the ABC sitcom Mr. Belvedere. He also portrayed Mr. Roarke's sidekick Lawrence on the final season of the original Fantasy Island, and the effeminate stage director Roger DeBris in Mel Brooks's classic 1968 film comedy The Producers.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Christopher_Hewett)
2001        Aug 3, Yasser Arafat’s news agency called for a halt to armed attacks against Israel.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 3, Kim Jong Il arrived in Moscow following 9-day train ride from North Korea.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 3, Russia freed John E. Tobin Jr. (24), a US Fulbright scholar. Tobin had spent 6 months in jail, half of one-year drug sentence, on a marijuana conviction that he claimed was set up.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A6)(AP, 8/3/02)
2001        Aug 3, In Thailand the Constitutional Court acquitted PM Thaksin Shinawatra of corruption charges.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A7)

2002        Aug 3, The American Service-Members' Protection Act (ASPA), a United States federal law introduced by US Senator Jesse Helms as an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act, was passed by Congress. The stated purpose of the amendment was "to protect United States military personnel and other elected and appointed officials of the United States government against criminal prosecution by an international criminal court to which the United States is not party." It became known as the “Hague invasion act."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Servicemembers%27_Protection_Act)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.67)
2002        Aug 3, Barbara Jean Laney (67), former model and actress (TV’s Sky King), was beaten, strangled and stabbed to death at her Bradenton, Florida, condo. In 2006 Gary Michael Cloud (49) was sentenced to life in prison for her murder.
    (SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/hosx8)
2002        Aug 3, In Indonesia some 5,000 Muslims marched peacefully through Jakarta, calling for the nationwide imposition of Shariah, or Islamic law, to rescue the country from its many ills.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 3, In Londonderry, Northern Ireland, Catholic mail carriers went on strike, over fears they could be targeted in revenge for the latest killing of a local Protestant. Chris Whitson (20), a Catholic, was pummeled outside of Kelly's nightclub in Belfast. He died Aug 13.
    (AP, 8/3/02)(AP, 8/13/02)    
2002        Aug 3, North and South Korea opened a fresh round of talks amid moves by the communist North to improve ties with the United States and Japan and revitalize its faltering economy.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 3, In Nigeria amid political wrangling and fears of violence, President Olusegun Obasanjo said nationwide municipal elections would be postponed for the second time in six months.
    (AP, 8/3/02)
2002        Aug 3, Philippine troops captured seven suspected members of the Muslim Abu Sayyaf guerrilla group said to be linked to al Qaeda.
    (AP, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 3, Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian declared in a speech that Taiwan was "not someone else's province" but rather an independent country separate from China. Chen's comments sparked an uproar both in China and at home, prompting him to back away from his pointed rhetoric.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2002        Aug 3, Turkey's parliament approved a reform package aimed at boosting its chances of joining the European Union by abolishing the death penalty and granting greater rights to the nation's Kurds.
    (AP, 8/3/02)

2003        Aug 3, Hank Stram, Marcus Allen, James Lofton, Elvin Bethea and Joe DeLamielleure were inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2003        Aug 3, The Episcopal Church's House of Deputies further paved the way for the Rev. V. Gene Robinson to become the church's first openly gay elected bishop, approving him on a 2-1 vote.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2003        Aug 3, As of this day 249 U.S. soldiers have died since the beginning of military operations in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 3, Fires in Flathead Ct., Montana, covered over 23,000 acres and into the edge of Glacier National Park. Tow other fires burned nearby.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A13)
2003        Aug 3, Dr. Pater Safar (79), regarded as the father of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr), died in Pittsburgh, Pa.
    (SFC, 8/5/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 3, Annika Sorenstam completed a career Grand Slam at the Women's British Open, beating Se Ri Pak by a stroke in a thrilling head-to-head showdown.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2003        Aug 3, In western India 3 buildings collapsed when a cooking gas cylinder exploded, killing at least 43 people and injuring 39.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 3, In northern Pakistan dynamite used for building a water channel blew up in a village, killing at least 45 people and injuring 150 others.
    (AP, 8/3/03)
2003        Aug 3, The worst wildfires in 20 years raged across central Portugal, killing at least nine people.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 3, It was reported that the economic crises in Zimbabwe has led to corpses being stacked up because relatives could not afford burial costs.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.A16)

2004        Aug 3, Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge defended the decision to tighten security in New York and Washington even though the intelligence behind the latest terror warnings was as much as four years old.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2004        Aug 3, The Statue of Liberty pedestal in New York City reopened to the public for the first time since the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2004        Aug 3, At Cape Canaveral, Fla., a Delta II rocket lifted the spacecraft Messenger on a 6 ½ year journey toward Mercury. The name stood for Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging.
    (SFC, 8/4/04, p.A2)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.74)
2004            Aug 3, Missouri voters solidly endorsed a state constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. The Democratic primary endorsed Auditor Claire McCaskill (51) over Gov. Bob Holden.
    (AP, 8/4/03)(SFC, 8/4/04, p.A2)
2004        Aug 3, In London 13 Asian men were arrested. One known as Moussa (or al-Hindi) was later said to be the head of al-Qaeda in Britain.
    (Econ, 8/7/04, p.46)
2004            Aug 3, A car bomb planted by suspected Colombian rebels ripped apart three passing police vehicles, killing nine officers.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2004        Aug 3, Henri Cartier-Bresson (b.1908), French photographer of the decisive moment, died. In 2005 Pierre Assouline authored “Henri Cartier-Bresson: A Biography."
    (WSJ, 8/5/04, p.A1)(Econ, 8/7/04, p.67)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.75)
2004            Aug 3, Fierce gunbattles broke out between Iraqi police and dozens of masked militants roaming the northern city of Mosul, killing 12 Iraqis and wounding 26 others.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2004            Aug 3, A Sudanese official and Arab tribal leader said rebels masquerading as Arab militia have killed 28 Arab tribesman in attacks in western Sudan over the last week.
    (AP, 8/4/03)

2005        Aug 3, Luis Diaz (67), a Florida man who spent 26 years in prison on rape charges, was released after a judge exonerated him because new DNA evidence cast doubts on his guilt. Authorities believed at the time the former cook was Miami's infamous "Bird Road rapist" blamed for attacks on at least 25 women between 1977 and 1979.
    (AFP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, The FBI raided the Maryland residence of Nigerian Vice President Atiku Abubakar as part of a probe into whether a US congressman made or approved payments to officials in West Africa.
    (AP, 8/28/05)
2005        Aug 3, NASA astronaut Steve Robinson successfully pulled 2 protruding gap fillers from the underside of the shuttle Discovery.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 3, Some 2,000 Afghan security forces rushed to an eastern province after dozens of suspected Taliban rebels wearing army uniforms killed 8 police and soldiers in an attack on a region that has been largely peaceful in recent months.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, British police charged Ismael Abdurahman (23) of South London, arrested on July 28, on an offense relating to terrorism.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A10)
2005        Aug 3, In Canada 43 of 140 train cars left the tracks at Wabamun, Alberta. Some of the cars contained bunker fuel oil, used in liquid asphalt and to power barges and ships. 15 of those cars, as well as a car full of lubricating oil, began to leak into Wabamun lake.
    (CP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 3, China's UN ambassador said the US and China have agreed to work together to block a plan to expand the powerful UN Security Council.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, German shoemaker Adidas-Salomon AG said it will buy Reebok for $3.8 billion, giving the company about 20 percent of the US market and the potential to better challenge leader Nike Inc. on its home turf.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, An Iraqi Airways plane landed at Istanbul airport and then took off again for Baghdad, inaugurating its Iraq-Turkey route after a 14-year hiatus.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 3, About 1,000 U.S. Marines and Iraqi forces launched attacks in western Iraq in operation Quick Strike, aimed at disrupting insurgents and foreign fighters in the Euphrates River valley. A Marine amphibious assault vehicle on patrol during combat operations near the Syrian border hit a roadside bomb. 14 Marines and a civilian interpreter were killed. A US Marine was killed by small-arms fire in Ramadi.
    (AP, 8/3/05)(AP, 8/4/05)(AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 3, A group of Mauritanian army officers, including Colonel Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz, announced the overthrow of Pres. Maaouiya Ould Taya. The Military Council for Justice and Democracy named Col. Ely Mohammed Vall as temporary leader. Vall installed 17-member ruling junta and a 24-member cabinet of technocrats to govern the country. The junta promised to create true democratic institutions after a 2-year transitional period. A quick return to calm indicated acceptance of Taya's bloodless overthrow. The UN and EU denounced the coup and Washington called for Taya to be restored to power.
    (AP, 8/3/05)(AP, 8/5/05)(WSJ, 8/5/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A7)(Econ, 8/16/08, p.50)
2005        Aug 3, Dutch authorities seized 5 tons of cocaine, valued at $275 million, hidden in reels of steel cable in the Port of Rotterdam in what was described as one of the country's biggest drug busts. 13 suspects (aged 15-50) from the Netherlands, Colombia, Venezuela, Mexico, Greece and the US, were arrested later.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Aug 3, UN agencies increased their appeals to a total of $75 million to help 2.5 million people in desperate need of food in Niger.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 3, Islamic Jihad, a major Palestinian militant group, declared that it would fire no more rockets at Israelis through Israel's planned Gaza Strip withdrawal, after a deadly barrage inadvertently killed a 5-year-old Palestinian boy.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, Southern Sudanese Arabs fled Juba after ethnic Africans angered by the death of their popular rebel leader went on a two-day rampage, chasing Arabs in the street and burning Arab shops and homes. At least 18 people were killed. Northern and southern Sudanese leaders called for calm during a third day of clashes in the capital that have killed at least 84 people since the death of former southern rebel John Garang. Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir announced the launch of a committee to probe the death of vice president John Garang.
    (AP-Reuters, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, Suriname's president Ronald Venetiaan easily won re-election in a vote by an assembly of regional councils, ending a heated battle that had left the South American country's leadership in limbo for more than two months.
    (AP, 8/3/05)
2005        Aug 3, According to Amnesty International 2 Yemeni men said they were held in solitary confinement in secret, underground US detention facilities in an unknown country and interrogated by masked men for more than 18 months without being charged or allowed any contact with the outside world.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

2006        Aug 3, US authorities confirmed at least 25 deaths in 9 states from the heat wave that set in on July 30.
    (SFC, 8/4/06, p.A3)
2006        Aug 3, In Phoenix, Ariz., Dale S. Hausner (33) and Samuel John Dieteman (30), accused of shooting two dozen people, including six fatally, were arrested after police tailed them for a week. In 2009 Hausner was convicted of 6 murders. In 2009 Dieteman was sentenced to life in prison for random shootings in the Phoenix area in 2005 and 2006.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(WSJ, 3/28/09, p.A2)(SFC, 7/30/09, p.A4)
2006        Aug 3, Arthur Lee (61), rock pioneer, died in Memphis. He fronted the band Love and established himself as the 1st black rock star in the post Beatle’s era. The group’s debut album, “Love," was the 1st rock record released by Electra Records.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.B6)
2006        Aug 3, Afghanistan's government ordered around 1,500 South Korean Christians who came to the Islamic republic for a "peace festival" to leave the country. The US-led coalition killed 25 Taliban fighters in a joint operation with Afghan forces in the country's south. A gunbattle near the capital killed one militant. A suspected Taliban suicide car bomber killed 21 civilians and wounded 13 at a bazaar in Panjwayi. On the outskirts of Kandahar city militant attacks killed 4 Canadian soldiers and wounded another 10.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)(AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 3, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf (90), German-born opera soprano, died in Schrums, Austria.
    (SFC, 8/4/06, p.B9)(Econ, 8/12/06, p.72)
2006        Aug 3, In Brazil officials said authorities are evicting thousands of peasants who have been ordered off ranches in northern Brazil by a court ruling obtained by the land owners.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, More than 230,000 customers in Ontario and Quebec were without power following a series of violent thunderstorms over the past couple of days.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, Typhoon Prapiroon slammed into southern China, packing heavy rain and 75 mph winds as authorities evacuated tens of thousands of people from their homes.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, State press reported that China is building a 27-billion-dollar train line from Beijing to the southern economic hub of Shenzhen and foreign investors will be invited to join the project. The new 2,300-kilometer (1,420-mile) railway will cut travel time between Beijing and Shenzhen, which borders Hong Kong, from 24 hours to 10.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, In eastern Congo a small passenger plane crashed into a mountain and then tumbled into a valley, killing all 17 passengers and crew.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 3, A pair of European central banks raised interest rates, increasing expectations on Wall Street that the Federal Reserve would follow suit next week. The European Central Bank hiked rates .25% to 3%, with a similar hike by the Bank of England to 4.75%.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, A French law that allows regulators to force Apple Computer Inc. to make its iPod player and iTunes online store compatible with rival offerings went into effect.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, French health officials said the sweltering temperatures that gripped Europe last month killed 112 people.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, making his first trip to Haiti, called for strengthening the national police force to stem an upsurge in kidnapping and lawlessness.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, In India federal MPs demanded a nationwide ban on Pepsi and Coke after the privately-funded Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said 11 drinks sold by the two US companies contained unacceptable doses of pesticides.
    (AFP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 3, Siti Fadilah Supari, Indonesia’s health minister, declared that genomic data on bird flu viruses could be accessed by anyone.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.65)
2006        Aug 3, In Iraq an improvised explosive device in a pile of garbage exploded in the center of Baghdad, killing at least 10 people and injuring 32. Gunmen shot to death four people in separate incidents in Baghdad, Amarah, Mosul and Basra. The bodies of 9 men were found floating in separate places in the Tigris River. At least two of the bodies were blindfolded, bound and shot. Coalition forces killed at least three "terrorists" during an air strike and multiple raids southeast of Baghdad. A suicide bomber drove into a soccer field in the town of Hatra near Mosul, setting off a blast that killed 7 spectators and 3 policemen. Gunmen shot and killed 4 people and wounded 8 from a Shiite family in Dujail. 2 US Marine were killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(AP, 8/4/06)(SFC, 8/4/06, p.A9)
2006        Aug 3, A massive wave of guerrilla rockets pounded northern Israel in a matter of minutes, killing 8 people. Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's leader, offered to stop the attacks if Israel ends its airstrikes. Israel lost four soldiers in fighting. Israeli military said four Hezbollah fighters were killed and two wounded. Lebanese security officials said a missile crashed into a two-story house in the border village of Taibeh, killing a couple and their daughter. Lebanese PM Fuad Saniora said Lebanon's death toll in more than three weeks of Israel-Hezbollah fighting has reached more than 900. France circulated a revised UN resolution calling for an immediate halt to Israeli-Hezbollah fighting and spelling out conditions for a permanent cease-fire in Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, Israeli troops raided southern Gaza, killing at least eight Palestinians, including four militants and an 8-year-old boy.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Aso arrived in Baghdad on a surprise visit, bringing with him a loan of 3.3 billion yen ($29 million) to jump-start Iraq's economic development.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, In Malaysia the Islamic world's largest organization of countries demanded on that the UN implement an immediate cease-fire in Lebanon and investigate what it called flagrant human rights violations by Israel.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, In Mexico Mrs. Alberta Alcantara Juan and Mrs. Teresa Gonzalez Cornelio were arrested (along with Jacinta Francisco Marcial) for events that supposedly occurred on March 26, 2006 when Federal Investigation Agents attempted to confiscate local merchants’ goods and damaged some of them. In 2010 Mexico's Supreme Court overturned kidnapping convictions and ordered the release of the two Otomi Indian market vendors whose case received international attention. Marcial was freed last year.
    (http://tinyurl.com/373f25t)(AP, 4/28/10)
2006        Aug 3, Pakistani Interior Minister Aftab Sherpao and US envoy Ryan Crocker signed a memorandum of understanding for $2.7 million in security and communications gear and to help build more posts on the Afghan frontier.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, Fresh fighting broke out between Philippine forces and Al-Qaeda-linked militants after four people were killed in a major operation to capture two suspected Bali bombers.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, In Sri Lanka artillery fire hit 4 schools being used as shelters from fighting raging between government troops and Tamil Tiger rebels, killing at least 17 people in the northeastern town of Muttur.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(SFC, 8/4/06, p.A10)
2006        Aug 3, Ukrainian Pres. Viktor Yushchenko nominated former foe Viktor Yanukovych for prime minister after Yanukovych signed a memorandum on national unity.
    (SFC, 8/3/06, p.A3)

2007        Aug 3, In Alaska Mindy Schloss (52), a nurse practitioner, was last seen alive in Anchorage. Her body was found on Sep 13 near Wasilla. In 2010 Joshua Alan Wade (29) acknowledged that he had shot and killed Schloss, who lived next door to him.
    (www.amw.com/missing_persons/recovered.cfm?id=47985)(SFC, 2/17/10, p.A6)
2007        Aug 3, A jury at Camp Pendleton, Calif., sentenced Marine Sgt. Lawrence G. Hutchins III to 15 years in prison for the murder of an Iraqi civilian during a fruitless search for an insurgent. In 2013 the military’s highest court overturned the Hutchins murder conviction saying his rights were violated during his interrogation in Iraq. On June 17, 2015, Hutchins was found guilty of unpremeditated murder.
    (AP, 8/3/08)(SFC, 6/27/13, p.A5)(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A6)
2007        Aug 3, In Kentucky a judge ruled that 3 attorneys, accused of bilking their clients in a $200 million fen-phen settlement, must repay at least $62.1 million in settlement funds and interest.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 3, Oakland police arrested 7 people, including Yusuf Bey IV, in a predawn raid on Your Black Muslim Bakery and 3 homes in connection with 3 homicides including the Aug 2 murder of Oakland Post journalist Chauncey Bailey. The Post had been investigating the organization’s finances. Alameda County health inspectors shut down the bakery after finding health-code violations. A judge converted the bakery’s Chapter 11 bankruptcy case to Chapter 7 liquidation setting Aug 9 as its last day of business.
    (SFC, 8/4/07, p.A1,6)(SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A11)
2007        Aug 3, American Home Mortgage released all but 750 of its 7,000 employees as it ran out of money, the latest victim of the subprime mortgage implosion.
    (SFC, 8/4/07, p.C2)   
2007        Aug 3, Two dogs belonging to actor Ving Rhames mauled Jacob Adams (40), a caretaker for the actor's dogs, to death at the star's Brentwood, Ca., home.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 3, It was reported that Bolivia’s Lake Titicaca is being strangled by city-fed pollution that is driving away local people who draw sustenance from its mythical waters.
    (AFP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 3, Four people were killed after a helicopter flying from northern England to southern Scotland crashed in northwest England. The wreckage was found the next day.
    (AFP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 3, China asserted the sole right to recognize living Buddhas, reincarnations of famous lamas that form the backbone of the religion's clergy. All future incarnations of living Buddhas related to Tibetan Buddhism must get government approval.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 3, China banned Indonesian seafood after checks turned up dangerous contamination. Indonesian authorities called the move an apparent reaction to an Indonesian ban on some tainted Chinese products. The Chinese administration said Indonesian products have been found to contain mercury and cadmium, metals that can accumulate in water and soil from burning garbage, mining or other industrial processes.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 3, Lenovo Group Ltd. said it will sell a basic personal computer aimed at China's vast but poor rural market and priced as low as $199.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 3, About 50 women occupied a central square in Makhachkala, Dagestan, declaring a hunger strike and vowing not to leave until authorities tell them what happened to their missing children. The president of Dagestan, Mukhu Aliev, admitted last month that 76 people have been kidnapped so far this year in Dagestan. In six of those cases, the abductors wore camouflage uniforms similar to those worn by law enforcement officers.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 3, The death toll in south Asia rose to at least 186 people killed. 19 million have been driven from their homes as heavy monsoon rains triggered floods, destroyed crops and submerged roads across a wide swath of northern India and Bangladesh. The UN child welfare agency said that in India alone, the number of dead from the monsoons topped 1,100.
    (AP, 8/3/07)(AFP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 3, In Tanzania Darfur's fractious rebel groups gathered for talks aimed at hammering out a united front, following UN approval of a beefed up peacekeeping mission in the Sudanese region.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 3, In Uganda gunmen on Lake Albert attacked a boat operated by Canada's Heritage Oil Corp., killing a British contractor. 3 armed patrol boats from Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), on the other side of the lake, had opened fire on Heritage's boat.
    (AP, 8/3/07)
2007        Aug 3, In Venezuela US actor Sean Penn accompanied Pres. Chavez on a visit to western Venezuela. "I'm also here as a journalist and so I owe it to that medium to wait until I've digested, fact-checked and finished my journey here" before saying more, Penn said. He thanked Chavez for the visit.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 3, Virgin Islands’ authorities arrested Kamal Thomas and charged him with first-degree murder and assault, as well as using a dangerous weapon while committing a crime. James Cockayne (21) of new Hope, Pa., was killed on June 19 near a shopping center.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 3, In Zimbabwe the Interception of Communication Act was published in the government gazette. The bill, signed by President Robert Mugabe, allows the state to eavesdrop on private phone conversations and monitor faxes and emails.
    (AFP, 8/3/07)

2008        Aug 3, Some 19,000 runners participated in the 31st annual SF Marathon. Chad Worthen (34) of Sacramento won with a time of 2:31:52. Lauren Gustafson of Millbrae won among the women with a time of 2:52:33.
    (SFC, 8/4/08, p.B1)
2008        Aug 3, In Gearhart, Oregon, a small plane crashed into a seaside house killing 2 people aboard and 2 children in the vacation home.
    (SFC, 8/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Aug 3, Lou Teicher (b.1924), pianist, died in North Carolina. He was half of the popular piano duo Ferrante & Teicher whose movie themes and love songs earned them wide popularity in the 1960s. Together they recorded some 150 albums.
    (SFC, 8/7/08, p.B5)
2008        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a US-led coalition vehicle, killing one service member and wounding another on the outskirts of Kabul. Afghan and NATO troops targeted a group of Taliban fighters in Helmand province, killing 17 militants and wounding six others. Four police were killed separately in a militant ambush in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 8/3/08)(AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Algeria 21 people, six of them policemen, were injured in a suicide car bomb attack in the town of Tizi Ouzou in Algeria's Kabylie region.
    (AFP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, Cambodia said that Thai soldiers are occupying a second temple site on their border in an escalation of an ongoing armed standoff that nearly led to clashes between the neighbors last month.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Canada a small plane crashed on Vancouver Island. Two survivors were pulled from the wreckage but five other people on the aircraft died.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Greece Athanassios Arvanitis (31) beheaded his girlfriend and her dog on the island of Santorini and then escaped in a patrol car. Police shot him 5 times as he ran over 2 women on a motorcycle before being caught.
    (SFC, 8/4/08, p.A3)
2008        Aug 3, Hundreds of Honduran squatters angry over a land dispute attacked the home of Henry Sorto, a local police official. Five employees and six of Osorto's family members were burned, shot and hacked to death with machetes.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 3, In northern India 145 people, including many women and children, were killed when pilgrims stampeded at a Hindu temple. The devotees were attending a 9-day religious festival at the Naina Devi Temple in the Bilaspur district of the Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Indonesia a top health official said a factory worker had died of bird flu west of Jakarta, bringing the death toll in the country worst hit by the virus to 112.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Iraq a truck bomb exploded during rush hour on a busy street in northern Baghdad, killing at least 12 people and wounding about two dozen. A roadside bomb killed six people, including three Iraqi soldiers, and wounded 13 others south of Baghdad. In Tarmiyah a clash between US-allied fighters and civilians killed one civilian and wounded 10 others.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, Israeli and Palestinian officials said most of the 180 Fatah supporters, who had fled into Israel, would be sent back into the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, The breakaway republic of South Ossetia began sending hundreds of children across the border to its Russian ally amid increasing violence between the republic and Georgian government forces.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b.1918), Russian Nobel literature laureate (1970), died of heart failure in his Moscow home. His books, which included “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" (1962) and "Gulag Archipelago" (1973), chronicled the horrors of dictator Josef Stalin's slave labor camps. In 1974, he was stripped of his citizenship and put on a plane to West Germany for refusing to keep silent about his country's past.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)(WSJ, 8/9/08, p.W12)
2008        Aug 3, In Scotland the Int’l. Primatological Society Congress opened a 6-day conference. On August 5 scientists released a report saying the nearly half of the world’s 634 types of primates are in danger of becoming extinct due to human activity.
    (SFC, 8/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Aug 3, In Senegal former US president Bill Clinton wound up a four-nation Africa tour aimed at combating HIV/AIDS in Dakar, praising France for its financial support through the agency Unitaid.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Somalia a bomb hidden under a pile of garbage killed at least 20 people, half of them women who were sweeping the street in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 8/3/08)
2008        Aug 3, In Sri Lanka the South Asian summit ended. Tensions between India and Pakistan overshadowed the summit, but the two nuclear-armed rivals vowed to work together and save a tenuous peace process. A draft summit declaration called for collective action to combat "all forms of terrorist violence" that was threatening their "peace, stability and security." The leaders also agreed to implement a regional trade pact, signed in 1995 but never fully implemented. Troops repulsed an attempt by Tamil rebels to retake a recently captured guerrilla stronghold in heavy fighting that killed 21 rebels and three soldiers. Thirteen rebels and three soldiers were killed in other clashes in the Mannar, Vavuniya and Welioya regions.
    (AFP, 8/3/08)(AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 3, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez says 24 Sukhoi fighter jets have been delivered to Venezuela, and are ready to defend his country from "imperialist" aggressions.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 3, Zimbabwe's rival parties resumed power-sharing talks, a day ahead of the expiry of a deadline to conclude discussions to end a ruinous political crisis.
    (AFP, 8/3/08)

2009        Aug 3, Bank of America agreed to pay $33 million to settle a complaint filed by the SEC alleging that the bank misled investors over bonuses at Merrill Lynch as BofA was finalizing its takeover of the securities firm in late 2008.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.63)
2009        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a rubbish bin exploded near a police convoy in Herat, killing 12 people, including a woman and a girl and 2 police officers, as a wave of Taliban violence gripped the nation ahead of elections. An ambush in Faryab province killed an Afghan driver, but his passenger, a Korean engineer, escaped without injury.
    (AFP, 8/3/09)(SSFC, 8/2/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 3, Belgian authorities recaptured Abdelhaq Melloul-Khayari, a convict who escaped twice in as many weeks, including once from a Bruges prison by helicopter.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, Karlheinz Schreiber (75), a German-Canadian arms dealer and key figure in a political party financing scandal involving former Chancellor Helmut Kohl, was extradited to Germany from Canada to face criminal charges after losing a decade-long court battle. He was key figure in a funding scandal which badly damaged Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives a decade ago. Schreiber was arrested in Canada about 10 years ago, and is wanted by prosecutors in Augsburg for tax evasion, fraud and bribery.
    (AP, 8/3/09)(Reuters, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, China’s state media reported that more than 500 villagers in central China have been found to have high concentrations of a dangerous metal in their bodies after a series of leaks from the Changsha Xianghe Chemical Plant in Hunan province's Zhentou township. 509 people were found to have high concentrations of cadmium and 33 were hospitalized over the weekend.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, announced that "many" radio and TV frequencies will revert to the state over what he called irregularities in their licenses. He gave no specifics.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, Nikolaos Makarezos (90), one of the leaders of the military dictatorship that ruled Greece from 1967-1974, died. Makarezos, the junta's chief economic policymaker, served as deputy prime minister and minister for coordination under dictator George Papadopoulos.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 3, A seven-minute video, apparently made by the Korps Brigade Mobil, or Brimob, the paramilitary police, shows prisoner Yawen Wayeni lying in a jungle clearing in eastern Indonesia moments after troops allegedly sliced open his abdomen with a bayonet. Police said Wayeni, captured for allegedly vandalizing several of their buildings and vehicles, was shot in the thigh and stomach while resisting arrest and that he died on the way to the hospital. The video was made public in the Internet in 2010.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(http://hub.witness.org/en/upload/killing-yawan-wayeni)
2009        Aug 3, In Iran Fahimeh Mousavi-nejad, the wife of former Vice President Mohammad Abtahi on trial for postelection violence, said his televised "confessions" were made under pressure. Her husband was one of the top figures in a trial that began Aug 1 for around 100 people detained in the postelection crackdown. Iran's supreme leader formally endorsed Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for a second term as president in a ceremony that sought to portray unity among the country's leadership but was snubbed by prominent critics of the disputed election.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, In Iraq Asaib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous), a group believed to be responsible for killing US soldiers and kidnapping British soldiers, agreed to renounce violence following a weekend meeting with PM al-Maliki. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives at a police checkpoint in Saqlawiya. 3 civilians were killed and 7 people were wounded including 3 police officers.
    (SFC, 8/4/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 3, Israeli police said that they had broken up an Israeli-American crime ring specializing in tax fraud and money laundering in an operation codenamed "American Pie." The chief suspect was Marvin Berkowitz (62) who holds dual Israeli and US citizenship. Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's ultranationalist foreign minister, promised to step down if he is charged after police recommended that he be indicted for a string of alleged corruption offenses.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, Kenya's Pres. Mwai Kibaki said all prisoners on death row will immediately have their sentences commuted to life imprisonment. Kenya's 97 prisons were built for a population of about 15,000 but currently have an inmate population of more than 40,000.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, a former Danish prime minister, took office as NATO's new secretary-general. He said his top priorities would be guiding the war in Afghanistan to a successful conclusion, repairing ties with Russia, and expanding NATO's partnership with moderate nations in North Africa and the Middle East.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, The Palestinian Fatah movement published a new platform saying it will keep pursuing peace talks but reserves the right to resist Israeli occupation.
    (AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, In South Korea thousands of riot police strengthened their siege of a troubled South Korean auto firm, spraying liquid tear gas from a helicopter, after talks to end a prolonged occupation by strikers collapsed.
    (AFP, 8/3/09)
2009        Aug 3, In Switzerland there was an arson attack at Novartis CEO Daniel Vasella's lodge in Bach, Austria. An attack on his mother's grave took place a week earlier. The next day drug maker Novartis said animal rights militants were responsible.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 3, In Venezuela a far-left party led by Lina Ron attacked the opposition-aligned Globovision TV station. The next day Pres. Chavez condemned the attack and had Ron arrested for taking part in the assault.
    (SFC, 8/3/09, p.A2)

2010        Aug 3, Time magazine reported on that Haitian-American music star Wyclef Jean (37) will announce his bid for president of earthquake-ravaged Haiti this week. A three-time Grammy award-winner, Jean was a founding member of the hip-hop trio The Fugees and won wider fame for his collaboration with Colombian pop star Shakira. He released a song two years ago called "If I Was President". Haiti’s ruling Unity party nominated ousted ex-Prime Minister Jacques-Edouard Alexis to lead the earthquake-ravaged nation.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Manchester, Connecticut, Omar Thornton (34), a black warehouse driver who was caught steeling beer, went on a shooting rampage at the Hartford Distributors warehouse after he was asked to quit, killing eight people before committing suicide.
    (SFC, 8/4/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 3, In San Francisco federal authorities announced the seizure of over 200,000 counterfeit retail items at Fisherman’s Wharf valued at $100 million. 11 people were charged with conspiracy and smuggling. The targeted network was accused of importing goods from China that imitated 70 national and int’l. brands. Estimates of sham goods were reported to account for as much as 7-8% of the world’s retail economy.
    (SFC, 8/4/10, p.A9)
2010        Aug 3, Intel and the FTC confirmed the settlement of an anti-trust case.
    (SFC, 8/4/10, p.D1)
2010        Aug 3, In Afghanistan insurgents wearing suicide vests tried to storm NATO's largest base in the south, but did not breach its defenses. All of the attackers were killed in the fighting including "approximately four" people in suicide vests. New Zealand suffered its first combat fatality in Afghanistan when a soldier died in an ambush that left another two New Zealand soldiers and an Afghan interpreter wounded in central Bamiyan province. An Afghan operation began in a rugged region east of Kabul in Laghman province to flush out the Taliban. Commanders called for backup from foreign forces after at least 10 Afghan soldiers were killed and up to 20 captured.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AFP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 3, British MPs of Pakistani origin hit out at President Asif Ali Zardari, saying he should be back home sorting out the flooding disaster rather than launching his son's career.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, British oil giant BP said it will sell its Colombian business for a total of 1.9 billion dollars (1.4 billion euros) to national oil company Ecopetrol and Talisman of Canada.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In eastern China Fang Jiantang (26), a knife-wielding man, went on a slashing rampage in a kindergarten, leaving 3 children and one teacher dead in Shandong province. About 20 children and staff members were injured. Police detained Jiantang.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 3, In China gas exploded at a coal mine in the southern province of Guizhou, killing 10 people and trapping 7.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Iraq a car bomb in Kut killed at least 15 people. Suspected al-Qaida militants killed 5 Iraqi soldiers in a brazen dawn attack at a western Baghdad checkpoint and planted the terror group's black banner before fleeing the scene. An Iraqi soldier and a policeman were killed and nine people were wounded in other attacks across Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(SFC, 8/4/10, p.A3)
2010        Aug 3, Israeli municipal officials confirmed the approval for the building of 40 apartments in a Jewish neighborhood in Jerusalem's disputed eastern sector.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Indian Kashmir 4 more demonstrators died as new protests erupted in defiance of pleas for calm from the region's chief minister.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, Lebanese and Israeli troops exchanged fire on the border in the most serious clashes since a fierce war four years ago. 3 Lebanese nationals, two soldiers and a journalist, and an Israeli soldier were killed in the shootout which saw both sides threatening retaliation if the shooting recurred. Israeli troops returned the next day to the site of the shootout and cut down a number of trees growing along the border, completing a task which had set off the confrontation.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AFP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 3, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon said he would consider a debate on legalizing drugs as his government announced that more than 28,000 people have been killed in drug violence since he launched a crackdown against cartels in 2006. In 2014 the 28,000 estimate was reduced to 21,000.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 5/23/14)
2010        Aug 3, In Nigeria Islamic police smashed 80,000 bottles of beer in the city of Kano to enforce a sharia law ban on consumption of alcohol that exists in much of the country's north.
    (AFP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Northern Ireland Irish Republican Army dissidents detonated a bomb in a hijacked taxi outside a police base in Londonderry, damaging buildings but wounding no one despite the attackers' inaccurate warning. On Jan 12, 2011, police charged Londonderry resident Martin McCloone with six criminal counts connected to the attack.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 1/12/11)
2010        Aug 3, In Pakistan gunmen killed at least 45 people Karachi after the assassination of a prominent lawmaker set off a cycle of revenge attacks. Dozens of vehicles and shops were set ablaze as security forces struggled to regain control of the city.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Pakistan floodwaters that devastated the mountainous northwest surged into the heartland, submerging dozens of villages along bloated rivers whose torrents have killed at least 1,500 people and put 100,000 at risk of disease. Fresh rains in the hardest-hit northwest threatened to overwhelm a major dam and unleash a new deluge.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, Authorities in Panama said they recovered three more bodies on property owned by a jailed US man who prosecutors say has confessed to killing five fellow Americans to get their money and property in a Panamanian resort area.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Peru at least one farmer died when police cleared a roadblock set by coca growers demanding the government halt efforts to eradicate coca plantations in the world's top producer of the leaf, used to make cocaine.
    (Reuters, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, Russia's Emergencies Minister Sergei Shoigu said some of the devastating wildfires sweeping western Russia are out of control. PM Putin said he would personally supervise the reconstruction of fire-ravaged homes via video cameras to be installed at each construction site.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Rwanda the French-based Reporters Without Borders (RSF) accused Kigali of "flouting democracy" ahead of elections as Rwanda's regulatory body suspended some 30 media organizations.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In northern Siberia a twin-engine Antonov-24 turboprop passenger plane crashed near Igarka, killing at least 11 of the 15 people on board.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In South Africa a judge sentenced former national police chief Jackie Selebi (60) to 15 years in prison on corruption charges, saying he was an embarrassment to the crime-plagued country and the police officers who had served under him.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, In Arusha, Tanzania, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), found Dominique Ntawukulilyayo (68) guilty of genocide and sentenced him to 25 years of imprisonment. Prosecutors said Ntawukulilyayo in 1994 had transported soldiers to a hill where thousands of refugee Tutsis had gathered after he promised to feed and protect them. The soldiers joined other assailants in an attack, leaving possibly thousands of Tutsis dead.
    (Reuters, 8/3/10)
2010        Aug 3, The UN launched an appeal for 478 million dollars (362 million euros) in aid to Zimbabwe, 100 million dollars more than in 2009, saying the country was at crossroads.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)

2011        Aug 3, US meat giant Cargill said it is recalling 36 million pounds of ground turkey linked to a nationwide salmonella outbreak that has killed one person in California and sickened at least 76 others. The fresh and frozen ground turkey products were produced at the company's Springdale, Ark., plant from Feb. 20 through Aug. 2.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Stanford Univ. researchers reported that they have found a way to kill cancer cells by turning off their ability to absorb glucose, often the primary source of energy in rapidly growing tumors.
    (SFC, 8/4/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 members of the US-led military coalition were killed. Two died in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan where foreign forces are trying to hold the ground they seized from Taliban insurgents in major offensives over the past year. The third soldier died in a noncombat-related incident in east Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Australia a masked man, later identified as Paul Peters, strapped a fake bomb to the neck of Madeleine Pulver (18) in her suburban Sydney home. Pulver endured a horrifying 10-hour ordeal with experts working into the night to remove the device, only later establishing it was an elaborate hoax. Peters fled to the US and was arrested nearly two weeks later in Louisville, Kentucky. He was extradited to Australia and faced 20 years in prison. On Nov 20 Peters was sentenced to 13 years and six months in prison.
    (Reuters, 8/16/11)(AFP, 3/8/12)(AP, 10/31/12)(AP, 11/20/12)
2011        Aug 3, British officials said they have seized about 300 million pounds ($492 million) worth of cocaine in a record-setting drug bust on a pleasure boat. 1.2 tons of cocaine were found hidden in a specially-designed compartment on a boat docked in southern England in June and it took six days of searching the Louise to find the drugs. Six men arrested were all Dutch nationals.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, China warned that tortured efforts to raise the US limit on borrowing had failed to defuse Washington's "debt bomb", and signaled it would further diversify its holdings away from the dollar.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Cyprus the junior party in the ruling coalition left the government.
    (Econ, 8/6/11, p.63)
2011        Aug 3, In Indonesia 9 people, including two Australians, two South Africans and five Indonesians, were killed when a helicopter flying to a Newcrest mine crashed with 10 on board.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, An Iraqi policeman was killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Al-Rusafa prison complex. The interior ministry said 3 Iraqi translators wounded and that two US soldiers were killed. A spokesman for US forces said that there was an IED attack in the Rusafa area, but that it did not result in any US casualties.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Activists from Israel's social protest movement reacted furiously after parliament passed a housing bill that they say will favor the rich and endanger the environment.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Japan’s Parliament passed legislation allowing the use of public money to shore up Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO), the company operating the crippled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant to help it pay expected billions in compensation claims.
    (SFC, 8/4/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 3, Kashmiris shut down shops and businesses in a general strike to protest a man's death in police custody in the Indian-controlled portion of the disputed Himalayan region. Separatists called the strike to protest the July 31 death of a 28-year-old man just hours after he was picked up for questioning in connection with an unsolved murder.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Kuwait a 24-year-old Filipina domestic worker, reportedly blinded by her employer, sought refuge at the Philippines Embassy after escaping from her employer last month.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 3, Libya’s Seif al-Islam Kadhafi, the high-profile son of leader Moammar Gadhafi, said his family had forged an alliance with Islamist rebels among the insurgents to drive out the secular opposition to his father's 40-year rule. He claimed to have negotiated the pact with Ali Sallabi, a leading Islamist in the rebel-held east. Sallabi acknowledged their conversations but denied the Islamists had switched sides. Rebels reportedly seized the Cartagena, which NATO had prevented from delivering oil to Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.38)
2011        Aug 3, Conservationists urged Malaysia to impose a national ban on the trade and consumption of turtle eggs to ensure the survival of the marine creatures. Turtles once arrived in their thousands to lay eggs on Malaysian beaches but are now increasingly rare due to poaching and coastal development.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Mexico 9 pollsters, recently kidnapped in Michoacan state, were released.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, In Pakistan the death toll in Karachi reached 58, after at least 35 people were killed in the space of 24 hours. Much of the fighting has been blamed on supporters of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) political party representing the Urdu-speaking majority, and the rival Awami National Party (ANP).
    (AFP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Saudi Arabia said Abdel-Salam Rashed al-Farraj, an al-Qaida member on the kingdom's most-wanted list, has turned himself in after calling his family from abroad.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, The drought and famine in Somalia have killed more than 29,000 children under the age of 5, according to US estimates, the first time such a precise death toll has been released related to the Horn of Africa crisis.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Syrian tanks took over a main square in the besieged city of Hama and electricity and telephone phone lines were cut off. Security forces shot dead at least 7 people who took part in anti-regime protests that erupted after nighttime Ramadan prayers across the country. A rights group that tracks death tallies reported up to 30 people were killed in Hama.
    (AP, 8/3/11)(AP, 8/4/11)(AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Tajikistan's authoritarian President Emomali Rakhmon approved a law barring minors from praying in mosques as his secular government seeks to minimize the rising influence of Islam in the Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Thai police arrested a Swedish man wanted in Scandinavia for a $3 million banking scam committed 1998-2001. Carl-Gustav Alexander Tartagni (52) was detained in the seaside town of Hua Hin, where he had been living for a year.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Turkey said it would put 106 more Kurdish politicians on trial for alleged terrorist propaganda, choosing to go ahead with prosecutions despite lingering tensions over the trial of dozens of others accused of fanning separatist violence.
    (AP, 8/3/11)
2011        Aug 3, Venezuela and Iran signed a deal for Iran build over 10,000 homes in three central states of the South American nation in a billion-dollar investment package that signals the two country's increasingly close ties.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 3, Computer hackers attacked the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange website, prompting the authorities at the bourse to shut it down. ZSE does not conduct trading on the Internet.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)

2012        Aug 3, Ex-Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman (66), convicted in 2006, was sentenced to 6½ years in prison for bribery and other convictions.
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 3, In southern California Darren Burley (29) was arrested following a confrontation with police in Compton. Burley was zapped with a stun gun and handcuffed by officers after he allegedly tried to choke a pregnant woman. He died 12 days later. In December 2014, Long Beach jurors found deputies liable for negligence and battery and awarded Burley’s family $8 million.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n7qbd6g)(SFC, 1/2/15, p.A5)
2012        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb in a busy market killed two policemen and one civilian in the country's northwest. Officials looked for a member of a government-backed village defense force suspected of killing 11 civilians at a house in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/3/12)(AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Australia Tasmania Zoo owner Dick Warren said 9 birds, including an endangered swift parrot, had their heads smashed in or ripped off and more than 60 animals were missing after vandals went on the rampage.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 3, Britain’s Foreign Secretary William Hague pledged greater support for Syria's rebel fighters, as the battle for the country's commercial capital Aleppo intensified.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Britain's GlaxoSmithKline PLC said it has completed its $3.6 billion acquisition of US biotech company Human Genome Sciences for 14.25 per share.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Britain's oldest shipping firm, Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd, appointed liquidator Tait Walker, after nearly 300 years of trading, becoming a casualty of the worsening global downturn.
    (Reuters, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 3, Fiji’s former PM Laisenia Qarase (71) was sentenced to one year in prison on corruption charges. Qarase was ousted in a 2006 coup.
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 3, In Guyana police found 57 pounds of cocaine about to be loaded onto a flight to NYC. Officials the next day said they will fire almost a dozen baggage handlers and ramp attendants complicit in the operation.
    (SSFC, 8/5/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 3, In India torrential rains hit the state of Himachal Pradesh, drowning a man in his vehicle, washing away several bridges and partly destroying a key highway.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed four soldiers at an army patrol east of Dhuluiyah.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Japan thousands of people staged a rally in front of the prime minister's office, maintaining anti-nuclear sentiment triggered by last year's atomic crisis at Fukushima.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Kenya a grenade attack killed one person in a Somali suburb of Nairobi, on the eve of a visit by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to the city.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Pakistan’s Supreme Court struck down a law recently passed by parliament and aimed at protecting PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf from being charged with contempt of court.
    (AP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Papua New Guinea re-elected Peter O'Neill as the next leader, ending a turbulent period in the nation's politics which at one point saw it with two rival prime ministers. Sir Michael Somare (76) accepted the defeat of his party in the vote and agreed to support O'Neill in his bid to form the next government.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, Typhoon Saola, which battered Manila and the north for several days, blew away leaving at least 53 people dead.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 3, A Swazi court ordered the government to reinstate more than 300 teachers fired after taking part in a five-week strike over salaries, saying their action was legal.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 3, In Syria mortars rained down on a crowded marketplace in the Palestinian Yarmouk refugee camp Damascus, killing 21 people as regime forces and rebels clashed on the southern outskirts. Senior Syrian officials pleaded with Moscow for financial loans and supplies of oil products, an indication that international sanctions are squeezing Assad's regime.
    (AP, 8/3/12)(AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 3, The UN General Assembly denounced Syria’s crackdown on dissent voting 133 in favor, 12 against and 31 abstaining. UN Security Council resolutions have been stopped by Russian and Chinese vetoes.
    (SFC, 8/4/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 3, In Yemen explosions in two marketplaces in different parts of the country killed six people.
    (AP, 8/3/12)

2013        Aug 3, The New York Times said it would sell the Boston Globe and its affiliated companies to businessman John Henry, the principal owner of the Boston Red Sox, for $70 million. In 1993 the New York Times Company paid $1.1 billion to acquire Boston Globe.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A7)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.55)
2013        Aug 3, Twitter said it is handing down new rules to control abusive language, a move which follows a barrage of nasty, harassing, and threatening messages directed at high-profile female users of the microblogging site.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 militants wearing explosives-rigged vests killed at least 9 civilians, including 6 children, in a botched attack on the Indian consulate in Jalalabad near the border with Pakistan. Officials said 22 police officers and 76 Taliban were killed in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar in two days of battles with insurgents that broke out when militants shot a tribal elder.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Heavy rains swept across eastern Afghanistan, leveling homes and killing at least 58 people in five provinces, while an estimated 30 others were missing.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 3, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd and the President of Nauru, Baron Waqa, signed a memorandum of understanding providing for asylum seekers arriving by boat to be sent to Nauru where they can opt for resettlement after their claims for refugee status are processed.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, In Cambodia the two rival parties claiming victory in the July 28 general election reached an agreement with the state National Election Committee to investigate polling irregularities, a move that could pave the way to ending the country's political deadlock.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013              Aug 3, Egypt's army-installed government promised supporters of ousted President Mohamed Mursi a safe exit from their protest camps and urged them to rejoin the political process.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Honduran President Porfirio Lobo ordered the militarization of the country's main prison after a gunfight there left at least three gang members dead and 12 people injured.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, In Iraq gunmen in a car killed 2 off-duty policemen near the northern city of Mosul. In Tikrit a roadside bomb explosion killed a father and his son. In western Baghdad a bomb went off near a line of car spare-part stores, killing 2 people and wounding seven others. Southeast of Baghdad a blast missed a police patrol but killed 2 civilian passers-by. Bombings and shootings across the country killed 19 people.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Libya's Deputy PM Awad al-Barassi resigned citing failed government policies and the deterioration of security following a string of assassinations.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 3, Dramane Dembele, the candidate of Mali's largest political party, broke ranks with his own party and said he will back former prime minister Ibrahim Boubacar Keita in a run-off. He had came third in the first round of the country's presidential election.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Morocco’s King Mohamed VI revoked a pardon granted on July 30 to Spanish pedophile Daniel Fino Galvan. Galvan, already back in Spain, was soon arrested by Spanish authorities.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 3, In Pakistan gunmen ambushed and killed 4 police officers overnight in their patrol vehicle in Karachi.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Syrian warplanes struck targets near the volatile border with Lebanon, killing at least 9 people. Rebels captured an arms depot near Damascus, seizing weapons and ammunition from the regime.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Over 100,000 Taiwanese protesters converged on the presidential office in Taipei accusing the defense ministry of cover-ups over the death last month of army conscript Hung Chung-chiu.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.34)
2013        Aug 3, Tens of thousands of Tunisians came out in a show of force for the ruling Ennahda party. The opposition pledged to overtake those numbers in a rally the next day.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 3, Turkish police fired teargas and water cannon to disperse small groups of anti-government protesters in central Istanbul.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, A Turkish man, Ramazan Zeybel (45) was killed by a stray bullet fired from Syria into the Turkish town of Ceylanpinar.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, In Yemen tribesmen blew up the main oil export pipeline late today, halting the flow of crude.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 3, Zimbabwean election commissioner Mkhululi Nyath resigned, citing doubts about the integrity of results showing a big win for President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF party, but dismissed as a fraud-riddled farce by his main challenger. Election officials announced that Mugabe won 61% of the presidential vote, trailed by Morgan Tsvangirai at 33%.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)(AP, 8/3/13)

2014        Aug 3, In southern China a magnitude 6.1 earthquake in Yunnan province toppled thousands of homes. The death toll soon climbed to nearly 600 people with more than 1,800 injured.
    (AP, 8/3/14)(SFC, 8/4/14, p.A3)(AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 3, Egyptian troops killed 11 militants in shoot-outs in the restive Sinai Peninsula where security forces have battled an insurgency since president Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 3, India’s PM Narendra Modi embarked on a visit to Nepal to help speed up negotiations on a power trade pact.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Iraq Islamic State fighters seized control of Mosul Dam, the biggest dam in the country, an oilfield and three more towns after inflicting their first major defeat on Kurdish forces since sweeping through the region in June. some 40,000 Yazidis, a minority religious sect, fled the northern towns of Sinjar and Zumar.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)(AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 3, An Israeli air strike killed 10 people and wounded about 30 others in a UN-run school in the southern Gaza Strip. Earlier today Israeli shelling killed at least 30 people in Gaza. The Israeli army said that more than 55 rockets had been fired today from Gaza at Israel. The fighting pushed the Gaza death toll given by Palestinian officials to 1,770, most of them civilians. Israel has confirmed that 64 soldiers have died in combat, while Palestinian rockets have also killed 3 civilians in Israel.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Libya the exodus of foreigners gathered pace as the government said at least 22 people were killed in clashes in Tripoli and warned of a "worsening humanitarian situation." Thousands of Egyptians seeking to flee were being airlifted home after being allowed into neighboring Tunisia.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, Portugal’s Banco Espirito Santo (BES), 20% owned by the Espirito Santo family, was restructured following losses of $4.9b.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.60)
2014        Aug 3, Somalia executed 3 suspected Shebab Islamic militants by firing squad in Mogadishu. At least 3 women were killed and several others injured in Mogadishu after a bomb went off in a pile of rubbish.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, Tropical Storm Nakri made landfall on South Korea and left at least 10 people dead.
    (www.earthweek.com/2014/ew140808/ew140808e.html)
2014        Aug 3, In Syria regime air strikes and rebel mortar fire killed 17 people in Douma, 15 in Kfar Batna, and 12 in Damascus.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 3, Syrian rebels killed 8 Lebanese soldiers and claimed to have captured a dozen security force members in a cross-border raid. Lebanese soldiers traded fire with Islamist gunmen and shelled areas around the border town of Arsal aiming to roll back the biggest incursion by militants into Lebanon since Syria's civil war began.
    (AP, 8/3/14)(Reuters, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, A Tunisian soldier was killed after Islamist militants tried to storm an army base in the town of Sbitla near the Algerian border.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, In eastern Ukraine fighting raged on the western outskirts of Donetsk as the advancing Ukrainian army tried to seize control of the rebel stronghold. In danger of being encircled, the separatists renewed their calls for Russia to send troops to their aid.
    (AP, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Vietnam some 300 activists led a colorful parade through Hanoi in the nation's largest ever gay pride event, as the communist country shows signs of increasing tolerance of sexual difference.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Vietnam two women were arrested for allegedly trafficking a child at an orphanage in a Hanoi pagoda famed for rescuing abandoned babies.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)

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