Today in History - August 4

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1060        Aug 4, Henry I (52), King of France (1027-60), died.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1181        Aug 4, A supernova was seen in Cassiopeia. Chinese and Japanese astronomers observed a supernova. The star 3C58 was later identified as the heart of the explosion in the constellation Cassiopeia. In 2002 it was thought to be composed of quarks.
    (MC, 8/4/02)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A2)

1265        Aug 4, King Henry III in the Battle at Evesham put down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort. Montfort, the English earl of Leicester, died in the battle.
    (HN, 8/4/98)(MC, 8/4/02)

1347        Aug 4, English troops conquered Ft. Calais. After an 11 month siege, French Calais fell to England's King Edward III. English rule lasted for more than two centuries.
    (WSJ, 11/6/95, p. A-1)(MC, 8/4/02)

1476        Aug 4, Jacob van Armagnac-Pardiac, French duke of Nemours, was beheaded.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1498        Aug 4-1498 Aug 12, Christopher Columbus explored the Gulf of Paria (Venezuela) between Trinidad and South America.
    (http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v3.htm)

1558        Aug 4, 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabala).
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1578        Aug 4, A crusade against the Moors of Morocco was routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir. King Sebastian of Portugal and 8,000 of his soldiers were killed. Sebastian was killed along with the King of Fez and the Moorish Pretender in the Battle of Alcazar. He was succeeded by Cardinal Henry.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 8/4/98)

1664        Aug 4, Louis Lully, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1666        Aug 4, Johan Evertsen, Italian admiral of Zeeland, was lynched in Brielle.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1689        Aug 4-5, War between England and France led them to use their native American allies as proxies. In retaliation for the French attack on the Seneca in 1687, one thousand, five hundred Iroquois, with English support, attacked Lachine down river from the mission of the Mountain of Ville-Marie (Montreal), killing some 400. They put everything to fire and axe.  Some suggest that this is a gross exaggeration and that only 24-25 were killed and likely 90 were captured by the Iroquois, but never returned.
    (www.telusplanet.net/public/dgarneau/french23.htm)

1693        Aug 4, Dom Perignon invented champagne. [see 1688]
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1704        Aug 4, In the War of Spanish Succession, an Anglo-Dutch fleet captured Gibraltar.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Gibraltar)(AP, 9/19/06)

1705        Aug 4, Vaclav Matyas Gurecky, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1717        Aug 4, A friendship treaty was signed between France and Russia.
    (HN, 8/4/98)

1735        Aug 4, A jury acquitted John Peter Zenger of the New York Weekly Journal of seditious libel.
    (AP, 8/4/97)

1753        Aug 4, George Washington became a master mason.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1789        Aug 4, The Constituent Assembly in France dissolved feudal system by abolishing the privileges of nobility.
    (HN, 8/4/98)(MC, 8/4/02)

1790        Aug. 4, US Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton urged that ten boats for the collection of revenue be built. This was to stop smuggling, especially of coffee, which was hampering trade. The Coast Guard was born as the Revenue Cutter Service. The Coast Guard was empowered to board and inspect any vessel in US waters and any US boat anywhere in the world.
    (Smith., 8/95, p.25)(HFA, '96, p.36)(SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-16)(AP, 8/4/00)
   
1792        Aug 4, Percy Bysshe Shelley (d.1822), English poet and author who wrote "Prometheus Unbound," was born in Field Place, England. He married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, author of "Frankenstein." He wrote the poem "Adonais."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1314)(HN, 8/4/98)

1805         Aug 4, William Rowan Hamilton (d.1865), Irish scientist, was born.
    (HN, 8/4/00)

1809        Aug 4, Hapsburg Emp. Francis I appointed Count Clemens von Metternich (36) minister of state.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.371)

1821        Aug 4, The 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post was published. It continued until 1969.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1830        Aug 4, Plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.
    (AP, 8/4/97)

1855        Aug 4, John Bartlett, a Cambridge bookseller, published the 1st edition of "Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations."
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.W17)(MC, 8/4/02)

1864        Aug 4, Federal troops fail to capture Fort Gaines on Dauphin Island, one of the Confederate forts defending Mobile Bay. [see Aug 3]
    (HN, 8/4/99)

1875        Aug 4, The first Convention of Colored Newspapermen was held in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1875        Aug 4, Hans Christian Andersen (b.1805), Danish fairy tale writer, died. His biography was later written by Elias Bredsdorff (d.2002 at 90).
    (SFC, 8/23/02, p.A27)(MC, 8/4/02)

1879        Aug 4, A law was passed in Germany making Alsace Lorraine a territory of the empire.
    (HN, 8/4/98)

1884        Aug 4, Thomas Stevens (1853-1935) arrived in Boston after 104 days from SF in the 1st bicycle trip to cross the US. He later continued around world (2 yrs 9 mos) on a trip financed with articles for "Outing and the Wheelman" magazine.
    (MC, 4/22/02)(ON, 9/03, p.12)

1892        Aug 4, Lizzie Borden’s father and stepmother, Andrew and Abby Durfee Gray Borden, were killed with an ax in Fall River, Mass. Based on strong circumstantial evidence, Sunday school teacher Lizzie (32), Andrew Borden's daughter from a previous marriage, was charged and acquitted of the murders by an all-male jury. Later an opera titled "Lizzie Borden" by Jack Beeson drew a portrait of family pathology that depicted her as guilty of the crime.
    (WSJ,3/13/95, p.A-13)(AP, 8/4/97)(SFC, 9/17/97, p.A16)(HNPD, 8/4/98)

1900        Aug 4, Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, (Daniel Louis Armstrong, d.1971) jazz trumpet player, was born in New Orleans. He developed a vocal style called "scat singing"; was a band leader, film star and worldwide celebrity; his career spanned five decades. His autobiography “Satchmo" was published in 1954. "I got a simple rule about everybody. If you don't treat me right, shame on you." Laurence Bergreen in 1997 wrote a biography titled: "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life."
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.4)(AP, 12/1/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Armstrong)
1900        Aug 4, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (d.2002), later known as the Queen Mum (mother of Queen Elizabeth II), was born in Scotland as the daughter of Lord Glamis, who became the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. She later became the wife of King George VI.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.A18)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/10/00, p.A16)(MC, 8/4/02)

1901        Aug 4, Louis Armstrong, jazz trumpet player, was born. Laurence Bergreen in 1997 wrote a biography titled: "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life." [see Jul 4, 1900]
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.4)(HN, 8/4/01)

1903        Aug 4, Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice was elected Pope Pius X.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1908        Aug 4, Bronson Howard (b.1842), playwright and Detroit-born founder of the American Dramatist’s Club, died in New Jersey.
    (www.theatredatabase.com/19th_century/bronson_howard_001.html)

1909        Aug 4, Baseball umpire Tim Hurst instigated a riot by spitting at A's 2nd baseman Eddie Collins, who had questioned a call. This lead to Hurst's banishment.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1912        Aug 4, Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat credited with saving nearly 100,000 Budapest Jews during World War II, was born.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1912        Aug 4, The 1st detachment of American forces requested by President Diaz, arrived at Managua, Nicaragua, from Corinto. It was a handful of seamen from the USS ANNAPOLIS.
    (http://www.scuttlebuttsmallchow.com/usmcnic3.html)

1914        Aug 4, Britain and Belgium declared war after German troops entered Belgium. The United States proclaimed its neutrality. Britain’s entry also committed its dominions of Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand and South Africa. AS WWI started the financial press helped to cover up news of a run on the Bank of England.
    (HNQ, 7/24/98)(AP, 8/4/97)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.45)(Econ, 9/27/14, p.70)

1916        Aug 4, The United States signed a treaty to purchase the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million. The US purchased the southern Virgin Islands including St. Thomas, St. John, St. Croix and about 50 other small Caribbean islets and cays from Denmark. They were then known as the Danish West Indies. The Act of March 3, 1917, authorized payment by the US of $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1595)(AP, 8/4/97)(HNQ, 11/20/99)

1917        Aug 4, Pravda called for the killing of all capitalists, priests and officers.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1927        Aug 4, Eugène Atget (b.1857) French photographer, died. He was noted for his photographs documenting the architecture and street scenes of Paris. An inspiration for the surrealists and other artists, his work only gained wide attention after his death.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Atget)

1929        Aug 4, Some 60,000 SA and SS storm troopers marched in Munich.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1930        Aug 4, Michael Cullen introduced King Kullen in queens, NYC, the 1st US supermarket.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.C1)
1930        Aug 4, Siegfried Wagner (61), German opera composer and son of Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1932        Aug 4, Luigi Beccali (1907-1990), Italian athlete, won Olympic gold in the 1500 meters. He gave a Fascist salute at the winners’ podium.
    (WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)(http://tinyurl.com/6al4up)

1936        Aug 4, Jesse Owens (1913-1980) won his 2nd Olympic medal (long jump) at the Berlin Olympics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Owens)

1940        Aug 4, The Paris Soir reported that Gen. Charles de Gaulle had been condemned to death in absentia for treason by a Vichy military court.
    (WSJ, 8/2/00, p.A12)
1940        Aug 4, Zeev Jabotinsky (b.1880), a revisionist Zionist leader, died in NY. He co-founded the Jewish Legion of the British army in World War I and later established several Jewish organizations, including Beitar, Hatzohar and the Irgun. He had argued that no concession could appease Arabs.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ze%27ev_Jabotinsky)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.27)

1942        Aug 4, The British government charged that Mohandas Gandhi and his All-Indian Congress Party favored "appeasement" with Japan.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1942        Aug 4, The 1st train with Jews departed Mechelen, Belgium, to Auschwitz.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1944        Aug 4, RAF pilot T. D. Dean became the first pilot to destroy a V-1 buzz bomb when he tipped the pilotless craft's wing, sending it off course.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1944        Aug 4, British 8th army reached the suburbs of Florence, Italy.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1944         Aug 4, Nazi police raided the secret annex of a building in Amsterdam and arrested eight people, including 15-year-old Anne Frank, whose diary became a famous account of the Holocaust. She died at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in the spring of 1945, just weeks before the camp was liberated. Miep Gies (1909-2010), secretary to Anne’s father Otto, collected the scattered pages of Anne’s diary and returned them to Otto Frank after the war.
    (AP, 8/4/02)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.95)
1944        Aug 4, A Halifax JP-276A took off on its final flight from the Italian city of Brindisi around 8 p.m., to drop weapons, ammunition and medical supplies for resistance fighters involved in the Warsaw Uprising against the Nazis. The plane was shot down by Poland's Nazis occupiers and crashed near the town of Dabrowa Tarnowska, in southern Poland. Remnants were recovered in 2006 and the remains of the crew, 5 Canadians and 2 Britons, were formally buried in 2007.
    (AP, 10/4/07)

1948        Aug 4, A 5 day US southern filibuster succeeded in maintaining the poll tax.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1952        Aug 4, Helicopters from the U.S. Air Force Air Rescue Service landed in Germany, completing the first transatlantic flight by helicopter in 51 hours and 55 minutes of flight time.
    (HN, 8/4/00)

1953        Aug 4, Black families moved into the Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1954        Aug 4, A uranium rush began in Saskatchewan, Canada.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1955        Aug 4, Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, was born. He became an occasional director, playwright, screenwriter and singer. By 2009 he was married five times, his most recent ex-wife being actress Angelina Jolie.
    (www.spiritus-temporis.com/billy-bob-thornton/)
1955        Aug 4, Eisenhower authorized $46 million for the construction of CIA headquarters.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1955        Aug 4, The U-2 reconnaissance prototype made its first flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.17)

1956        Aug 4, Elvis Presley released "Hound Dog."
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1958        Aug 4, Mary Decker Stanley, winner of seven track and field records, was born.
    (HN, 8/4/98)
1958        Aug 4, Billboard, founded in 1894, premiered its all-genre singles Hot 100 chart.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billboard_Hot_100)

1961        Aug 4, Barack Obama, later US Senator from Illinois, was born in Honolulu to a black Kenyan father and a white American mother. He lived most of his early life in Hawaii. From ages six to ten, he lived in Jakarta, Indonesia with his mother and Indonesian stepfather.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama)

1964        Aug 4, Pres. Johnson ordered an immediate retaliation for the Aug 2 attack on the US destroyer Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin off North Vietnam.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        Aug 4, The destroyers U.S.S. Maddox and Turner Joy allegedly exchanged fire with supposed North Vietnamese patrol boats. At the time it was taken as evidence that Hanoi was raising the stakes against the United States. The destroyers were in effect shooting at false radar contacts. In 2005 it was reported that a secret 2001 report had concluded that the NSA officers deliberately distorted the Aug 4 data to support the belief that North Vietnamese ships attacked American destroyers 2 days after a previous clash.
    (www.usni.org/navalhistory/articles99/nhandrade.htm#tx17)(SFC, 10/31/05, p.A3)
1964        Aug 4, The bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Nashoba County, Mississippi. Schwerner and Goodman were Jewish-Americans from Pelham and New York City respectively and Chaney was a Black from Meridian, Mississippi. The three civil rights workers had disappeared from Philadelphia, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964, not long after they had been held for six hours in the Neshoba County, Mississippi jail on charges of speeding. Their burned car was discovered on June 23rd, prompting a search by the FBI for the three young men. Their story became the basis for the movie Mississippi Burning, starring Gene Hackman, Willem Defoe and Frances McDormand in 1988. In 2005, on the forty-first anniversary of the crime, Edgar Ray Killen (80) an ordained Baptist minister, was found guilty of three counts of manslaughter.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A12)

1972        Aug 4, Arthur Bremer (b.1950) was sentenced to 63 years for shooting Alabama Gov. Wallace and 3 bystanders on May 15, 1972, in Laurel, Maryland. An appeal reduced the sentence to 53 years. After 35 years of incarceration, Bremer was released from prison on parole on November 9, 2007. He remains on probation until 2025 and resides in a halfway house in Cumberland, Maryland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Bremer#Release)
1972        Aug 4, Uganda’s president Idi Amin gave some 50,000 Asians 90 days to leave the country following an alleged dream in which, he claimed, God told him to expel them.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idi_Amin)

1975        Aug 4, In Malaysia the Japanese Red Army raided a building in Kuala Lumpur that housed US, Swedish, Japanese and Canadian embassies. 52 hostages were exchanged for Red Army members.
    (http://www.ioss.gov/docs/julytodecember.html)

1977        Aug 4, President Carter signed a measure establishing the Department of Energy.
    (AP, 8/4/97)
1977        Aug 4, In San Francisco some 50 elderly tenants of the International Hotel in Chinatown were forcefully evicted by police as thousands of protestors filled the streets. The structure was demolished in 1979 and a hole occupied the site. In 2004 city officials declared a 2-block corridor on Kearny as “Manilatown" as construction rose on 14-story Int’l. Hotel Senior Residences. In 2007 Estella Habal authored “San Francisco’s International Hotel: Mobilizing the Filipino American Community in the Anti-Eviction Movement."
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.A30)(SFC, 8/1/97, p.A25)(eyewitness)(SFC, 6/8/01, WBa p.6)(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A17)(SFC, 7/28/04, p.B1)(SSFC, 8/19/07, p.M1)

1980        Aug 4, Susan G. Komen (36) died of breast cancer. Her sister Nancy G. Brinker went on to found the Susan B. Komen for the Cure breast cancer charity. In 2010 she authored her memoir “Promise Me."
    (SSFC, 8/8/10, Par p.8)

1981        Aug 4, In Bolivia Pres. Luis Garcia Meza, 1980 military coup leader, was succeeded by Gen. Celso Torrelio (1933-1999).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_Garc%C3%ADa_Meza_Tejada)

1982        Aug 4, Ronald Smith of Canada killed two Americans in Montana during a drunken road trip. In March 1893 Smith was convicted and sentenced to death.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.55)(http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/F2/914/914.F2d.1153.88-4115.html)

1983        Aug 4, In Burkina Faso Blaise Compaore played a key role in a coup that brought Thomas Sankara (1949-1987) to power.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.49)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Sankara)

1984        Aug 4, In Germany Robert Brown (24), a former American soldier, struck Nicola Stiel (19) and raped her, then strangled her to prevent her from reporting the rape. In 2009 Brown was extradited to Germany to face charges that he raped and murdered the woman near where he worked on a US military base in Hesse state.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

1987        Aug 4, The Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 to rescind the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues. The US Supreme Court had ruled it constitutional in 1969.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)
1987        Aug 4, Carlina White (19 days) was abducted from a Harlem hospital. In 2011 Ann Pettway of North Carolina surrendered to authorities days after White (23), raised as Nejdra Nance, re-united with her biological mother Joy White.
    (www.nytimes.com/2011/01/20/nyregion/20kidnap.html?_r=1)
1987        Aug 4, Jesse Unruh (b.1922), Democrat and the 54th speaker of the California state Assembly (1961-1969), died while serving as California state treasurer (1975-1987). In 2007 Bill Boyarsky authored “Big Daddy: Jesse Unruh and the Art of Power Politics."
    (SSFC, 11/11/07, p.M1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Unruh)

1988        Aug 4, Hertz car rental agreed to pay out $23 million in a consumer fraud case.
    (www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1282/is_n18_v40/ai_6636696)

1989        Aug 4, Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani offered to help end the hostage crisis in Lebanon, prompting President Bush to say he was "encouraged."
    (AP, 8/4/99)

1990        Aug 4, In Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme Soviet.
    (www.armeniapedia.org/index.php?title=Levon_Ter_Petrosian)
1990        Aug 4, The European Community imposed an embargo on imports of oil from Iraq and Kuwait to protest the Baghdad government’s invasion of its oil-rich neighbor.
    (AP, 8/4/00)

1991        Aug 4, The Greek luxury liner "Oceanos" sank in heavy seas off South Africa’s southeast coast; all 402 passengers and 179 crew members survived.
    (AP, 8/4/01)
1991        Aug 4, Israeli Cabinet members overwhelmingly backed a Middle East peace conference under conditions set by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir.
    (AP, 8/4/01)

1992        Aug 4, The crew of the space shuttle Atlantis encountered difficulties as they tried to reel out a satellite attached to miles of thin cord as part of an electricity-producing experiment.
    (AP, 8/4/97)

1993        Aug 4, The US Senate approved a $5.8 billion disaster bill for Midwestern flood victims.
    (AP, 8/4/98)
1993        Aug 4, A federal judge sentenced Los Angeles police officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to 2 1/2 years in prison for violating Rodney King's civil rights.
    (AP, 8/4/98)
1993        Aug 4, Rwandan Hutu's and Tutsi's negotiated power-sharing agreement in Arusha, Tanzania. It was viewed as a sellout by extremist leaders of the Hutu majority.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(MC, 8/4/02)

1994        Aug 4, Howard Stern dropped out of the NY gubernatorial race.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1994        Aug 4, Serb-dominated Yugoslavia withdrew its support for Bosnian Serbs, sealing the 300-mile border between Yugoslavia and Serb-held Bosnia.
    (AP, 8/4/99)

1995        Aug 4, A US judge ruled that Oregon's assisted-suicide law, approved by the voters last Nov., is unconstitutional. The law would have allowed doctors to prescribe lethal doses of drugs for dying patients.
    (WSJ, 8/4/95, p.B-1)
1995        Aug 4, That 1% of Americans own 40% of the nation's wealth is uncontested as fact.
    (WSJ, 8/4/95, p.A-11)
1995        Aug 4, J. Howard Marshall II, Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., died. In 1994 Marshall had married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26). In 2002, a federal judge ruled that the dying 90-year-old truly loved his then 26-year-old wife and awarded her $88 million in a court fight with Marshall’s son. In 2004 an appeals court reversed the judgment. In 2010 a federal appeals court recognized a 2001 jury verdict in Texas that determined an irrevocable trust and will leaving $1.6 billion to Pierce Marshall was valid.
    (www.lasc.org/opinions/97cc1718.opn.pdf)(AP, 12/31/04)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A6)
1995        Aug 4, Croatia launched an offensive against Krajina, Operation Storm, and captured in days a region that Serb rebels had held for 4 years. Most of its province of Krajina, including the Serb stronghold Knin, was taken in a 3-day offensive. Some 3,000 shells were fired into Knin and less than 250 hit military targets. Some 100,000 Croatian Serbs were driven from the area. Up to 600 Serb civilians were killed. A report on the events was published in 1999: "Report on the Military Operation Storm and its Aftermath" by the Croatian Helsinki Committee for Human Rights.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFEC, 3/21/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)

1996        Aug 4, On the final day of the Atlanta Olympics, Josia Thugwane became the first black South African to win a gold medal as he finished first in the marathon; the U.S. women's basketball team defeated Brazil 111-87 to win the gold; David Reid won the only boxing gold medal for the United States. A three-hour closing ceremony of music, dance and light, attended by at least 80,000 people, brought the games to an official close with a final ceremony.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A1)(AP, 8/4/97)
1996        Aug 4, In San Francisco the Cannabis Buyer’s Club at 1444 Market St. was raided by agents of the California Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement.
    (SFC, 8/5/96, p.A1)

1997        Aug 4, US Teamsters under Ron Carey (1935-2008) went on a 15-day strike against United Parcel Service after talks broke down with nation's largest package delivery service.
    (AP, 8/4/98)(SFC, 12/13/08, p.B5)
1997        Aug 4, From Bosnia it was reported that Croats near Jajce had driven out hundreds of Muslims who had recently returned to their homes.
    (WSJ, 8/4/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 4, In Cuba a small explosion damaged a lobby in a Havana hotel. US-based groups were blamed for this and a pair of bombings from 3 weeks ago.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 4, In France the world’s oldest person, Jeanne Calment (122), died in a retirement home in Arles. The title was passed on to Christien Mortensen of San Rafael, Ca., (115). It was later found that Marie-Louise Febronie Meilleur of Ontario was to turn 117 in August.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A18)(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A20)(AP, 8/4/98)
1997        Aug 4, From Mexico it was reported that the Lacandon Jungle rain forest was 40% destroyed from its original 4 million acres. Poor peasants were clearing the jungle by fire to provide for agricultural needs.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Aug 4, In Mexico gunmen killed 6 people in the Max Fim restaurant in Ciudad Juarez.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 4, In Montserrat superheated rock from the Soufriere Hills volcano flowed into the abandoned capital of Plymouth.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 4, Russia announced that it would redenominate the ruble at the beginning of 1998. Three zeroes would be taken off the bills with current inflation at about 12%.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 4, In Sri Lanka weekend fighting reportedly left 200 Tamil Tigers and 67 government troops dead. The rebel bodies were severely disfigured.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 4, In Turkey 76 military officers and nco’s were dismissed in a continuing effort to root out Islamic activism in the ranks.
    (WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)

1998        Aug 4, Turning aside an urgent White House appeal, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist cleared the way for prosecutors to question White House lawyers about their advice to President Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky case.
    (AP, 8/4/99)
1998        Aug 4, In Michigan Geoffrey Fieger, a defense lawyer for Dr. Jack Kevorkian, won the Democratic nomination for governor.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A5)
1998        Aug 4, The US Air Force announced plans to group its combat aircraft into ten teams over the next 2 years.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A4)
1998        Aug 4, The Dow Jones industrial average plunged 299.43 points, the third-biggest point drop to that time finishing at 8,487.31.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/4/99)
1998        Aug 4, In Colombia over 2 dozen attacks in half of the nation’s 32 provinces left at least 76 people dead.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/5/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 4, The Egyptian Jihad under Dr. Zawahri denounced the CIA-led arrests in Albania and said Americans should soon receive a response "in the only language that they understand."
    (WSJ, 7/2/02, p.A8)
1998        Aug 4, Japan announced that it will begin a new nuclear power plant in Higashidori in Dec. 51 nuclear power plants currently supply about 1/3 of the nation’s power.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 4, A heat wave swept over Eastern Europe and caused 20 deaths in Romania.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 4, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga ordered a month-long state of emergency and effectively postponed provincial elections scheduled for August.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1999        Aug 4, On the eve of congressional votes on the Republicans’ $792 billion tax cut proposal, President Clinton again pledged a veto, saying the GOP package was "risky and plainly wrong."
1999        Aug 4, The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the 1990 expulsion of a gay assistant scoutmaster by the Boy Scouts of America violated the state's anti-discrimination law.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A3)
1999        Aug 4, Dow Chemical said it was acquiring Union Carbide for $9.3 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 4, Victor Mature (b.1913), film star died in San Diego County, California. His career included 55 movies, 5 marriages and $18 million which he invested wisely.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8698)
1999        Aug 4, George Robertson, British Defense Minister, was chosen as the new secretary general of NATO.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 4, It was reported that flooding of the Yangtze River had left 1.8 million people homeless. Summer flooding left some 725 people dead.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 4, In Congo at least 518 people, mostly civilians, were killed when Sudanese planes, at the request of Congo's government, bombed the rebel-held towns of Makanza and Bogbonga. Sudan denied the charges and Congolese Pres. Kabila denied responsibility.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A12)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 4, Cuban high jumper Javier Sotomajor was stripped of his gold medal from the Pan American Games after he tested positive for cocaine.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 4, In Iran the daily Salam newspaper was banned for 5 years and publisher Mousavi-Khoeiniha was barred from journalism.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A14)
1999        Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and 7 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)
1999        Aug 4, It was reported that flooding in North Korea had claimed 42 lives.
    (WSJ, 8/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 4, In Russia the Fatherland Party of Yuri Luzhkov merged with the governor's All Russia movement.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A12)

2000        Aug 4, Fresh from the Republican national convention in Philadelphia, GOP presidential nominee George W. Bush and running mate Dick Cheney began an air and rail tour of four swing states: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois. For his part, Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore mocked the Republican gathering as a special-interests-sponsored sham.
    (AP, 8/4/01)
2000        Aug 4, NY officials issued a statewide alert for West Nile encephalitis after the 1st case of the year was reported on Staten Island.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A3)
2000        Aug 4, In England the Queen Mum celebrated her 100th birthday.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.A18)
2000        Aug 4, It was reported that the war in Chechnya had killed 2,508 Russian soldiers since 8/2/99. A mother’s group put the figure up to 6,000.
    (WSJ, 8/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 4, In Georgia three Red Cross workers were believed to have been kidnapped. Their car was found the next day near the border with Chechnya.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.C16)(WSJ, 8/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 4, Ildefonso Salido Ibarra, owner of the El Debate newspaper, was kidnapped in Sinaloa state. He was released after 4 days.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A19)(http://tinyurl.com/25oh9b)
2000        Aug 4, Russia reported that Chechen rebels had decapitated 2 Russian colonels, who had been seized earlier in the Vedeno region.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.C1)

2001        Aug 4, In Florida an immigration official turned back Muhammed al-Kahtani (al-Qahtani), a Saudi who had flown in from London with $2,800 in cash and no return ticket. He was later captured in Afghanistan and detained at Guantanamo after officials suspected that he was the intended 20th hijacker for the Nov 11 attacks. In 2008 the Pentagon dropped charges against al-Qahtani.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.39)(AP, 5/13/08)
2001        Aug 4, Steve Fossett launched his 5th bid to circle the globe in an unpressurized gondola from Australia. He set a duration record on Aug 16 over Argentina. He was forced down over Brazil on Aug 17.
    (SFC, 8/17/01, p.D1)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.A8)
2001        Aug 4, In NYC police officer Joseph Gray (40) ran over Maria Herrera (24), her son Andy and her sister (16). A baby boy was delivered by c-section but did not survive. Gray had been drinking with fellow officers at a strip club and was later charged with manslaughter for killing the family while driving drunk on his way to work. 17 cops at the 72nd precinct were soon disciplined transferred or suspended. Gray was convicted of manslaughter in 2002 and sentenced to five to 15 years in prison. Ms. Herrera's husband, Victor, and his mother-in-law, Maria Peña, later filed lawsuits. The city settled the civil lawsuit for $1.5 million.
    (www.courttv.com/trials/gray_joseph/chronology.html)(AP, 8/5/02)(http://tinyurl.com/5oa8lz)
2001        Aug 4, Thousands of admirers turned out in London to celebrate the 101st birthday of Britain's Queen Mother Elizabeth in what would be the last such celebration. The Queen Mother died March 30, 2002.
    (AP, 8/4/02)
2001        Aug 4, In India torrential rains and floods swept over Bihar state and at least 3 people were killed. Thousands were marooned.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 4, The Israeli army fired missiles at a convoy carrying the Palestinian West Bank leader Marwan Barghouti.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A12)
2001        Aug 4, In Macedonia ethnic Albanian rebels lobbed mortars at police stations near Tetovo.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 4, Philippine soldiers rescued 13 hostages of the 36 seized by Abu Sayyaf rebels on Aug 2.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 4, In Moscow Kim Jong Il and Pres. Putin signed a joint statement declaring that North Korea’s missile program is not designed to threaten any nation.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A12)(AP, 8/4/02)

2002        Aug 4, US Treasury Sec. Paul O'Neill arrived in Uruguay and announced a $1.5 billion temporary loan to stabilize the financial crises.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 4, It was reported that low-grade inflammation is worse for human health than high cholesterol levels. Increases of C-reactive protein from the inflammation could trigger the release of lumps of plaque and cause arterial clots leading to heart attacks. Associated factors included high blood pressure, smoking and chronic gum disease.
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 4, In Dallas, Tx., a man, woman and 3 children were shot to death. The woman's husband was taken into custody.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 4, In Bolivia Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (72), a wealthy businessman who grew up in the United States and former president (1882-1997), was voted by Congress (84-43) to the presidency for a second time.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 4, Britain's Queen Elizabeth closed Manchester's hugely successful Commonwealth Games after 11 days of sport and ceremony.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 4, Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman vanished while walking near their homes in Soham, 12 miles northeast of Cambridge, England. [see Aug 16] On August 17, 2002 a game warden found their partially burned bodies in a six-foot-deep ditch close to the RAF Lakenheath airbase in Suffolk.
    (AP, 8/9/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Huntley)
2002        Aug 4, India's federal government planned to distribute 7.142 billion rupees ($147 million) to 12 states to tackle problems arising out of a failed monsoon. Much of India was facing the worst drought in a decade due to erratic monsoon rains. An outbreak of encephalitis in India's remote northeastern state of Assam rose to 100 on Sunday, as heavy monsoon rains wreaked havoc in large parts of the region.
    (Reuters, 8/4/02)
2002        Aug 4, In northern Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber blew apart a bus during rush hour, killing at least nine people, wounding dozens. 3 more people died in a gun battle outside the Damascus Gate. 7 Arabs with Israeli citizenship were later arrested for assisting the bomber.
    (AP, 8/4/02)(SFC, 8/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 4, In southeastern Spain 2 people, including a 6-year-old girl, were killed and several others were injured when a car bomb exploded in front of a military police barracks. Twenty-five others were injured.
    (AP, 8/5/02)

2003        Aug 4, California Governor Gray Davis asked the state Supreme Court to delay his Oct. 7 recall election until the following March. The recall went ahead as originally scheduled.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2003        Aug 4, In northern Afghanistan a soldier of warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum mishandled a mortar and the shell exploded, killing 13 troops and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2003        Aug 4, Azerbaijan's parliament named ailing President Geidar Aliev's son, Ilham Geidar Oglu Aliev (b.1961), as PM.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, Brazilian novelist Ruben Fonseca (b.1925) won Mexico's prestigious Juan Rulfo Prize for literature.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, In China’s Qiqihar city one person died and 43 people were injured after construction workers broke open several barrels of World War II mustard gas abandoned by Japanese troops. In 2010 a Tokyo court rejected compensation claims by a group of Chinese plaintiffs, who demanded the Japanese government pay 1.43 billion yen ($16 million) in damages.
    (www.chinadaily.com.cn/en/doc/2003-08/12/content_254104.htm)(AP, 5/24/10)
2003        Aug 4, In Honduras 9 members of a family were shot to death by suspected gang that raided their home in San Pedro Sula.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, West African forces arrived in Liberia to oversee the departure of President Charles Taylor.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2003        Aug 4, Chung Mong-hun (54) a top executive of the Hyundai conglomerate, whose business spearheaded reconciliation efforts with North Korea but ended up tangled in debt and scandal, plunged to his death from his office window.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        Aug 4, Mexico's federal government dispatched some 650 federal agents to Tijuana in the latest attempt to curb smuggling and corruption in the rough border city.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2003        cAug 4, Pres. Putin visited Malaysia to seal a $900 million sale of Sukhoi fighter jets and tout Russia's liberal sale policies.
    (WSJ, 8/5/03, p.A1)

2004        Aug 4, Richard Smith, a Staten Island ferry pilot, pleaded guilty to manslaughter charges in a crash that killed 11 commuters in the October 15, 2003, wreck of the Andrew J. Barberi Staten Island ferry, acknowledging that he'd passed out at the helm after arriving at work with medication in his system.
    (AP, 8/4/05) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Staten_Island_Ferry_crash)
2004        Aug 4, Former teacher Mary Kay Letourneau, convicted of having sex with a sixth-grade pupil, was released from a Washington state prison.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2004        Aug 4, It was reported that LeapFrog Enterprises would donate 20,000 interactive women’s health books to Afghan women under a $1.25 million development and distribution grant from the US Dept. of health and Human Services.
    (SFC, 8/4/04, p.C1)
2004            Aug 4, In China a school employee with a history of schizophrenia slashed 15 students and three teachers with a kitchen knife at a Beijing kindergarten, killing one child and leaving terrified classmates covered in blood.
    (AP, 8/4/03)
2004        Aug 4, Fighting between insurgents and Iraqi security forces in Mosul left at least 22 dead. At least 14 of the dead were civilians.
    (SFC, 8/5/04, p.A12)
2004        Aug 4, In Kashmir Muslim militants killed nine Indian troopers in an attack on a paramilitary camp, just hours before India and Pakistan, which both claim the region, began a round of peace talks.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2004        Aug 4, Police in eastern Nigeria discovered skulls and corpses of at least 83 people in shrines where a secretive cult was believed to have carried out traditional ritual killings. 30 shamans were arrested in a part of Anambra state called “the evil forest."
    (AP, 8/5/04)(WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A1)(CP, 8/13/04)
2004        Aug 4, Clashes in the Gaza Strip left 4 Palestinians dead including a 10-year-old boy. Israeli forces uncovered a smuggling tunnel on the border with Egypt.
    (SFC, 8/5/04, p.A3)
2004        Aug 4, The official Saudi Press reported that municipal elections across Saudi Arabia, the first such polls in decades, have been have been pushed back two months to November.
    (AP, 8/4/04)
2004        Aug 4, In southern Tanzania some 22 villagers appeared in court on charges of killing 7 people who allegedly practiced witchcraft. Villagers said the witches cut off the sexual organs of dead villagers and used them to concoct charms intended to bring good harvests and fortune.
    (AP, 8/5/04)

2005        Aug 4, In Washington DC Steven Rosen (53) and Keith Weissman (53), former employees of a pro-Israeli lobbying group, were indicted for passing classified information to foreign officials beginning in 1999.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A11)
2005        Aug 4, Mayor Gavin Newsom signed a $5.3 billion SF city budget.
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.B4)
2005        Aug 4, Milton Campbell (70), blues singer, died in Memphis, Ten.
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.B7)
2005        Aug 4, A roadside bomb exploded near a US military vehicle near the Afghan border with Pakistan, killing an American service member and wounding another. 2 US service members drowned after their Humvee slid into a river during an operation targeting insurgents in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 4, Al-Qaida's No. 2, Ayman al-Zawahri, threatened more destruction in London in a videotape aired on Al-Jazeera. He also threatened the United States with tens of thousands of military dead if it did not withdraw from Iraq; President Bush responded by saying, "We will stay the course, we will complete the job."
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2005        Aug 4, The Bank of England cut official interest rates by a quarter of a percentage point to 4.5 percent, noting the risk that already sluggish household spending and investment growth in Britain could slow further.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, India’s Supreme Court upheld a lower court's death sentence on Mohammed Afzal, a resident of south Kashmir. Afzal was found guilty of involvement in the December 2001 parliament raid in which five gunmen killed nine people before being shot dead.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 4, In Bali a truth commission set up by Indonesia and East Timor began work, seeking to deflect growing calls for an international tribunal to probe the tiny territory's bloody independence vote in 1999.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, A car bomb hit members of a radical Shiite militia in northern Iraq as attacks nationwide killed at least 11 people. Unidentified gunmen attacked an Iraqi army patrol in a town north of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi troops. An American soldier assigned to a unit in Mosul was killed in action.
    (AP, 8/4/05)(AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 4, Israel announced plans to expand a settlement near Jerusalem even as it prepares to withdraw from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, Eden Natan Zada (19), an Israeli soldier absent without leave, opened fire while riding a bus in Shfaram, killing 4 Israeli Arabs and wounding 13. A video released later shows him being beaten to death by the crowd immediately after, while he was still on the bus.
    (AP, 8/4/05)(SFC, 8/5/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eden_Natan-Zada)
2005        Aug 4, A Jordanian prosecutor said Jordan has arrested 17 militants linked to al-Qaida who were allegedly plotting to attack U.S. troops and Jordanian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, In Northern Ireland some 40 police officers were injured trying to break up a five-hour riot by Protestant militants who burned 10 cars and a double-decker bus in Belfast. The mob claimed to be venting their anger over recent police raids on the homes of Protestant paramilitary figures in the area. About 15 homes were raided and six men arrested shortly before the riot began.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 4, North Korea's envoy to disarmament talks said that Pyongyang insists on retaining the right to "peaceful nuclear activities," a condition that other delegates say has deadlocked the talks.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, Pakistan's Supreme Court blocked a proposal by an Islamist-controlled provincial government to introduce what critics say would be a Taliban-style judicial system enforced by religious police.
    (AP, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, A mini-submarine carrying seven Russians became caught on an underwater antenna 600 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean; the men were rescued three days later with help from a British vessel.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2005        Aug 4, South Korean researchers reported their successful cloning of a dog. The puppy was born 3 months earlier and was the only success of 1,095 embryos. In 2006 Dr. Hwang Woo Suk’s stem cell work was discredited but the cloning of Snuppy supported.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/24/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.A1)
2005        Aug 4, The Sudanese Red Crescent (SRC) said at least 130 people have been killed and around 350 injured after 3 days of violence following the death of former rebel leader and First Vice President John Garang.
    (Reuters, 8/4/05)
2005        Aug 4, In Turkey an explosion in a trash can in an Istanbul suburb killed a mother and daughter and injured five others as they left a wedding party.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

2006        Aug 4, The US placed sanctions on 7 firms from North Korea, Russia, India and Cuba for arms dealings with Iran.
    (WSJ, 8/5/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 4, In Philadelphia Danieal Kelly (14), a disabled girl, was found dead in her mother's squalid house covered with bone-deep, maggot-infested bedsores. She weighed 42 pounds. In 2008 4 social workers were among 9 people charged in relation to her death. In 2008 Andrea Kelly, the mother, was charged with murder and Daniel, the father, was charged with child endangerment. Both parents retained lawyers who filed suits against their criminal co-defendants, blaming them for the girl's demise. In 2009 mother Andrea Kelly pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 20-40 years in prison. In 2010 case worker Julius Murray was sentenced to 11 years in prison on fraud and obstruction in the case. He had skipped visits and still faced involuntary manslaughter charges.
    (AP, 8/1/08)(www.philly.com/philly/news/26859869.html)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A4)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.A9)
2006        Aug 4, In southern Afghanistan 2 police officers were killed and eight others wounded in a roadside bomb aimed at a district governor. UNICEF said schools are increasingly being attacked across Afghanistan and an estimated 100,000 children in the south are shut out of the classroom due to closures.
    (AFP, 8/5/06)(Reuters, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Argentina Julio Simon, a former police officer, was sentenced to 25 years in prison for human rights abuses in connection with the 1978 disappearance of Chilean Jose Poblete and his Argentine wife, Gertrudis Hlaczik, during the military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 4, Bangladesh announced a fresh round of polio vaccination drives amid growing signs that the lethal disease has staged a comeback in the impoverished South Asian country.
    (AFP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Colombia leftist rebels were blamed for two attacks, a car bomb that killed four officers outside a Cali police station and an attack that killed two soldiers in a western province.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In India floods caused by heavy monsoon rains swept away people and destroyed homes in the southern coastal area of Andhra Pradesh, killing at least 31 people over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, Hundreds of thousands of Shiites chanting "Death to Israel" and "Death to America" marched through the streets of Baghdad's biggest Shiite district in a massive show of support for Hezbollah in its battle against Israel. At least 35 people were killed elsewhere in Iraq, many of them in a car bombing and gunbattle in the northern city of Mosul. Some 3,700 soldiers of the Army's 172nd Stryker Brigade moved into Baghdad from the northern city of Mosul. In Mosul 20 militants were believed to have been killed during prolonged street gunfights with security forces in the city's eastern neighborhoods. Gunmen killed a bodyguard of a senior Justice Ministry official in western Baghdad, and a police commando was killed by a roadside bomb in the central city of Samarra.
    (AP, 8/4/06)(AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 4, Israel expanded its assault on Lebanon, launching its first major attack on the Christian heartland north of Beirut and severing the last significant road link to Syria. Hezbollah renewed attacks on northern Israel, killing two civilians in a barrage of 120 rockets. An Israeli airstrike hit dozens of farm workers loading vegetables near the Lebanon-Syria border, killing as many as 33. Five Lebanese civilians were killed and 19 wounded in the Israeli airstrikes north of Beirut in Christian areas where Hezbollah has little support. Hezbollah's leader offered to stop attacking if Israel ends its airstrikes. Israeli airstrikes flattened two southern Lebanese houses and more than 50 people were buried in the rubble, security officials and the state news agency said. Israel denied attacking the villages.
    (AP, 8/4/06)(SFC, 8/5/06, p.A11)
2006        Aug 4, Israel began pulling tanks out of southern Gaza after a two-day incursion. Israeli troops conducted house-to-house searches in the southern Gaza Strip and killed three Palestinians with tanks and air strikes.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Mexico's southernmost Chiapas state a 7-year-old boy and his father died, bringing to 10 the number of people killed after eating poisonous mushrooms. Officials said recent genetic mutations have made some mushrooms, consumed for years in Indian communities, newly poisonous.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In southern Nigeria 3 Filipinos working for a US construction firm were kidnapped, a day after a German was abducted in the same region.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In northern Pakistan monsoon rains triggered fresh landslides and floods, as officials and reports said 37 people had died over the last 4 days in weather-related incidents.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, Sri Lankan troops thwarted a Tamil Tiger rebel attack in northeastern Muttur, killing 35 insurgents. The Red Cross said 6,000 to 7,000 families were still trying to flee Muttur.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(AP, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 4, In Turkey 2 explosives detonated within minutes of each other in a southern city of Adana, seriously wounding one person and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, In Uganda Vincent Otti, deputy leader of The Lord's Resistance Army, said his group has declared a unilateral cease-fire, but government negotiators said they have not yet agreed to peace.
    (AP, 8/4/06)
2006        Aug 4, The Ukraine Parliament named Viktor Yanukovych prime minister. His fraud-tainted 2004 presidential victory was turned back by the Orange Revolution.
    (AP, 8/4/06)

2007        Aug 4, President Bush toured the site of a collapsed highway bridge in Minneapolis, pledging to cut red tape that could delay rebuilding.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2007        Aug 4, Barry Bonds tied Hank Aaron's 755 career home runs as his San Francisco Giants lost 3-2 to the San Diego Padres.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2007        Aug 4, Alex Rodriguez became at age 32 the youngest player in major league history to hit 500 home runs with a first-inning homer in a 16-8 NY Yankee victory over Kansas City.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2007        Aug 4, In Newark, New Jersey, 3 friends were forced to kneel against a wall behind an elementary school and were shot to death at close range, and a fourth was found about 30 feet away with gunshot and knife wounds to her head. Natasha Aerial (19) was listed in fair condition at Newark's University Hospital. Police identified her companions as her brother, Terrance Aerial (18), Ofemi Hightower (20), and Deshawn Harvey (20). On Aug 7 a 15-year-old boy was arrested in the case. On Aug 8 Jose Carranza (28), an illegal immigrant from Peru, was also arrested as a suspect. Two more suspects were arrested in suburban DC on Aug 18.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,292911,00.html)(AP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 4, Oakland, Ca., police said they have identified Devaughndre Broussard (19), a handyman at Your Black Muslim Bakery, as the person responsible for the Aug 2, murder of journalist Chauncey Bailey. He was one of 7 men arrested a day earlier. It was later learned that Broussard falsely confessed to the killing at the urging of Yusuf Bey IV, head of the bakery. In 2011 Broussard (23) was sentenced to 25 years behind bars.
    (SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A1)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.B1)(SFC, 8/13/11, p.C2)
2007        Aug 4, Yousef Megahed (21) of Egypt and Ahmed Mohamed (24) of Kuwait, students from the Univ. of South Florida, were arrested following a speeding stop in the vicinity of the Naval Weapons Station, located in Goose Creek, South Carolina. Pipe bombs were found in their vehicle. They were later indicted for carrying explosives across state lines. In 2008 Ahmed Abdellatif Sherif Mohamed pleaded guilty in a Tampa court to making a video demonstrating how to build a remote bomb detonator to help terrorists.
    (www.charleston.net/news/2007/aug/17/fbi_backs_off_arrests13265/)(WSJ, 9/1/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/19/08, p.A2)
2007        Aug 4, NASA launched its Phoenix Mars Lander, a robotic dirt and ice digger, scheduled to land on Mars on May 25, 2008.
    (SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A10)
2007        Aug 4, Lee Hazlewood (b.1929), songwriter, died in Henderson, Nev. His songs included “These Boots Are Made for Walkin’," sung by Nancy Sinatra in 1966.
    (SFC, 8/7/07, p.D9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Hazlewood)
2007        Aug 4, A suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a convoy of foreign troops just west of Kandahar city, killing two civilians who were nearby. Four civilians were killed in a roadside blast in Zhari district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AFP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, Algerian newspapers reported that the army, stepping up a counter-offensive after attacks by al Qaeda's north Africa wing, has killed around 16 of the group's fighters in the past three days.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, In Bangladesh deaths from monsoon rains topped 200, with at least 16 more fatalities reported overnight. 7.5 million people have been either marooned or displaced from their homes.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, Thousands of Brazilians marched in Sao Paulo to denounce President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's government as corrupt and indifferent.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, British PM Gordon Brown said that authorities were doing "everything in our power" to track the source of a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak and wipe out the animal illness before it wreaked economic devastation.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, A Hong Kong newspaper reported that China is cracking down on cable television operators who offer unauthorized foreign satellite broadcasts, the communist government's latest bid to maintain its monopoly on information.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi Army convoy killed one civilian and wounded five others at a busy intersection in central Baghdad. In western Baghdad a mortar round landed on a house in Ghazaliyah, killing another civilian. In northern Iraq Salim Khudaeir, a police lieutenant colonel, was gunned down on his way to work. US forces killed four suspects in a raid targeting an insurgent group believed to be coordinating logistical support from Iran for Shiite militias in Iraq. The killings took place in the town of Qasirin in Diyala province. West of Tarmiyah US troops captured 20 suspects accused of having ties to a high-ranking al-Qaida in Iraq figure. Two more suspects were also arrested for alleged ties to another leader from the same group. Four more suspects were detained for alleged involvement in a sniper cell that employed 35 gunmen. In Kirkuk five people were captured, three accused of association with an al-Qaida media cell, and two for involvement in car bomb attacks. 3 US soldiers died Saturday south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 4, In Nepal the toll from monsoon-triggered flooding and landslides stood at 91, with most of the deaths in the Terai plains region on Nepal's southern border with India.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, Javed Hashmi, one of Pakistan's top opposition leaders, was released to the raucous cheers of supporters after four years in prison and immediately vowed to resume his campaign against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf. He left prison a day after the Supreme Court granted him bail in his 23-year sentence on charges of treason and inciting an army mutiny against Musharraf. A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a busy bus station in Parachinar, North West Frontier Province, killing at least nine people and wounding 35 others. 4 soldiers and 10 militants were killed in a checkpoint shootout.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
2007        Aug 4, Two Palestinians were killed and six wounded in an Israeli air strike on two vehicles near the southern Gaza Strip's border with Egypt.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, Zbigniew Krakowski (56), a Polish sea captain in charge of the 2,000-ton Jork, crashed his ship into an unmanned gas platform in the North Sea while drunk. The platform, owned by US firm ConocoPhillips, went out of action with losses at 615,000 pounds a month in revenue. In November Krakowski was jailed for 12 months.
    (AFP, 11/2/07)
2007        Aug 4, Serbian police exchanged fire with uniformed gunmen in an ethnic Albanian area of southern Serbia bordering the breakaway Kosovo province. One person was killed.
    (Reuters, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 4, Unemployment in Sierra Leone, with a population of some 6 million, stood at close to 80% with poverty and corruption widespread and endemic. The country’s Anti-Corruption Commission was now a lame duck as its $2 million annual funding was suspended by exasperated British donors.
    (Econ, 8/4/07, p.42)

2008        Aug 4, President George W. Bush signed into law legislation paving the way for Libya to pay hundreds of millions of dollars to compensate US victims of bombing attacks that Washington blames on Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, Alaska sued the US government saying its listing of polar bears as a threatened species will hurt oil exploration and tourism.
    (WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A1)(www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/49694/story.htm)
2008        Aug 4, In SF Mayor Newsom signed into law stringent green building codes for new construction and renovations of existing structures in the city.
    (SFC, 8/5/08, p.B1)
2008        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a pair of Taliban fighters died when a mine they were planting exploded prematurely in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province. Police killed five Taliban fighters after the militants ambushed a police patrol in Kandahar’s Panjwayi district.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 4, Bangladesh held local elections that observers hailed as a success. A fire swept through a five-story building in a crowded section of the capital, Dhaka, killing at least 10 people and injuring five others.
    (AFP, 8/5/08)(AP, 8/4/08)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.42)
2008        Aug 4, In Chile Alberto Achacaz Walakial, one of the last surviving members of the nomadic Kaweskar tribe, died of blood poisoning. Government documents listed Achacaz's age at 79, but some believe he was close to 90. The tribe once plied the waters off Chile's Patagonian coast. Experts estimate that only about a dozen full-blooded Kaweskars, or Alacalufes, survive and the group appears destined to disappear in the near future as there are no women of fertile age left. Since the arrival of the first Europeans, Chile has lost five of its original 14 indigenous tribes to disease, displacement or the overuse of their natural resources.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 4, In western China 2 Uighur men rammed a truck into a clutch of jogging policemen and tossed explosives, killing 17 officers, in an attack in Kashgar, Xinjiang province, just days before the Beijing Olympics. The 2 men were sentenced to death on Dec 17.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(SFC, 8/5/08, p.A11)(AP, 12/17/08)
2008        Aug 4, Ecuador's government said it would seize a family business group's stock shares in 58 companies to help recover debts generated by the collapse of the family's former bank. The action came a little less than a month after authorities seized 200 businesses linked to the family of William and Roberto Isaias, who fled to the US in 2000 shortly after their bank collapsed.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, India announced an additional $450 million in aid for development projects in Afghanistan. PM Singh met with Afghan Pres. Karzai in New Delhi and both countries pledged to fight terrorism.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A10)
2008        Aug 4, Indian officials pledged to stop Hindus from imposing an economic blockade on the mainly Muslim Kashmir valley as tensions heightened with the deaths of protesters. Police opened fire at hundreds of stone-throwing Hindu protesters angry over a government decision to not transfer land to a Hindu shrine, killing two people. A Muslim protester was also killed by a tear gas shell.
    (AFP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/4/08)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A10)
2008        Aug 4, In Iran journalist Yaghoob Mirnehad was executed in the city of Zahedan after being sentenced to death earlier this year. Iran accused Mirnehad of being involved in the armed Jundallah group, which operates along the Iranian-Pakistani border. The Jundallah group, or God's Brigade, has launched attacks against Iranian soldiers and police in the area near Pakistan and Afghanistan, which is a key crossing point for narcotics.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 4, Iraqi officials reported that at least nine Iraqis died in a separate series of bombings. 2 American soldiers were killed and one was wounded by a roadside bomb in Baghdad that also killed 2 Iraqis.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, Israel's defense minister said a group of around 150 Fatah fighters who fled to Israel from the Gaza Strip will be allowed to relocate to the West Bank because they face "immediate danger" from Gaza's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, Italy’s Defense Ministry deployed some 3,000 soldiers in cities across the country as part of government measures to fight street crime.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, A Jordanian military court sentenced 12 men to up to five years in jail for planning to join Iraq's insurgency and carry out attacks against US and Iraqi forces. The five men who received the longest jail terms were at large and tried in absentia.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, A shootout between Mexican police and smugglers driving a truck carrying illegal immigrants left 2 people dead near Agua Dulce.
    (AP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, A Nigerian presidential panel on oil and gas sector reform recommended that the state oil company be transformed into an "independent limited liability company."
    (AFP, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, In Pakistan a remote-controlled bomb explosion struck a military convoy and wounded eight soldiers in South Waziristan. Militants torched four girls' schools, a health office and a forestry office. A senior officer said that over the past week 94 Islamist militants were killed and 14 soldiers lost in fighting in the northwestern Swat valley. At least 25 civilians and eight policemen were also killed in the fighting. Brigadier Zia Bodla said the army planned a major operation against the insurgents.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)
2008        Aug 4, The Philippine Supreme Court, acting on a petition by Christian politicians, blocked the signing of a key accord granting an expanded southern homeland to minority Muslims as part of a deal to end decades of bloody Islamic rebellion.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.41)
2008        Aug 4, In Venezuela changes in areas from the military to small business loans were pushed through by the president in 26 laws released in the official gazette. Chavez approved them on the final day of an 18-month period during which lawmakers had granted him special legislative powers.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2009        Aug 4, A US federal court panel ordered California to reduce its prison population by 40,000 over the next 2 years to meet constitutional standards for inmate health care.
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.A1)
2009        Aug 4, Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said that the SEC plans to ban so-called "flash trading," where high-frequency traders can get information just before it becomes public.
    (www.marketwatch.com/story/schumer-sec-to-ban-flash-trading-2009-08-04)
2009        Aug 4, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom signed a $6.6 billion city budget, making it the city’s biggest budget ever.
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.D1)
2009        Aug 4, In Bridgeville, Pennsylvania, George Sodini (48) sprayed bullets into a fitness class filled with women, killing three and then himself. He kept a Web page in which he wrote about years of rejection by women and an earlier plan for violence at the gym.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a string of rockets slammed into Kabul at daybreak in the first major attack on the relatively calm Afghan capital in the run-up to this month's presidential election. A child and a man were lightly wounded when they were hit by flying glass in residential areas next to the airport, where most of the rockets landed. A suicide bomber killed five people and wounded 18 in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, Antigua's highest mountain, Boggy Peak, officially became "Mount Obama" as the small Caribbean nation celebrated the American president on his birthday and saluted him as a symbol of black achievement.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(SFC, 8/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 4, Australian police said they thwarted a terrorist plot in which extremists with ties to an al-Qaida-linked Somali Islamist group planned to invade a military base and open fire with automatic weapons until they were shot dead themselves. Some 400 officers from state and national security services took part in 19 raids on properties in Melbourne, before dawn, arresting four men and detaining several others for questioning. Police said all four arrested are Australian citizens of Somali or Lebanese descent aged between 22 and 26.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Belgium three prisoners escaped from the sprawling Palace of Justice courthouse in central Brussels when two armed men burst into a court hearing and took them with them, bringing the total to 12 over the past two weeks. Five of the escaped inmates have been caught again, but seven remained at large.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, Officials said a forest fire on the Canary Island of La Palma was brought under control and another that raged for two weeks in Spain's northern Catalonia region has been extinguished.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, China’s state media reported that police have formally arrested 83 people on charges including murder and arson in connection with last month's deadly rioting in the western region of Xinjiang.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In northern China an unfinished factory building collapsed as torrential rain hit the city of Shijiazhuang. 17 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, Haiti’s lawmakers voted to more than double the minimum wage after long hours of debate and clashes between police and protesters, who complained they can't feed and shelter their families on the current pay of about $1.75 a day.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, India’s Right to Education Act (RTE) was passed. It included provisions for the minimum size of playgrounds and the minimum level of teachers’ salaries effective in 2014.
    (Econ, 3/23/13, p.74)
2009        Aug 4, In eastern India at least 11 people were killed and 15 others seriously injured after being struck by lightning in Burdwan district in West Bengal state.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, The Lithuanian ministry said that the Lithuanian-flagged refrigerator vessel Saturnas, with a crew of 14, was attacked by unidentified perpetrators off the coast of Nigeria. Five crew members were said to have been taken hostage. The attackers did not seize the vessel itself but left in a high-speed boat with the hostages. The 5 Lithuanian sailors were reported freed on Aug 14, ending their 11-day ordeal.
    (AFP, 8/4/09)(AFP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Mexico 4 bodies were found in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. In the nearby town of Llano Blanco, police chief Gerardo Silva (40) was found dead in a pickup truck, shot five times.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, NATO's governing body approved a plan to reorganize the alliance's command structure in Afghanistan by setting up a new headquarters to handle the day-to-day running of the war.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Niger clashes erupted as citizens voted in a constitutional referendum to extend President Mamadou Tandja's long rule amid low turnout after an opposition boycott in the uranium-rich African nation. On Aug 7 the Electoral Commission released provisional results saying that 92.5% of votes cast supported a new constitution that would allow President Mamadou Tandja to stay in power. About 68.3% of all registered voters participated.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 4, In North Korea former US Pres. Bill Clinton met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il on the first day of a surprise visit to Pyongyang, with the "exhaustive" talks covering a wide range of topics. Clinton was in communist North Korea on a mission to secure the release of Americans, who were arrested along the Chinese-North Korean border in March and sentenced in June to 12 years of hard labor for illegal entry and engaging in "hostile acts." After 140 days in custody, the reporters were granted a pardon by North Korea.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 4, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas launched his Fatah movement's first conference in two decades with a call for his people to limit their resistance to Israel to marches and protests and not to abandon peace talks despite years of setbacks. The 3-day general assembly’s main task was to elect a new central committee.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.42)
2009        Aug 4, Sudanese police fired tear gas and beat women protesting outside a Sudanese court during the trial of a female journalist accused of violating the Islamic dress code by wearing trousers in public. The judge adjourned Lubna Hussein's trial for a month to seek clarification from Sudan's foreign ministry.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, In Thailand a passenger plane skidded off the runway and crashed into a building after landing on the Thai resort island of Samui, killing the chief pilot and injuring at least seven people including foreign tourists.
    (AP, 8/4/09)

2010        Aug 4, BP PLC reached what it called a significant milestone overnight when mud that was forced down the well held back the flow of crude. A government report said much of the spilled oil is gone, though what's left is still at least quadruple the amount that poured from the Exxon Valdez.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, A judge struck down California's same-sex marriage ban as an unconstitutional violation of gay couples' civil rights, but a pending appeal of the landmark ruling could prevent gay weddings from resuming in the state any time soon.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Afghanistan NATO operations killed as many as 26 civilians. 9 civilians travelling to collect voting cards were killed in southern Helmand province when their vehicle struck an insurgent-placed roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, In China heavy rains hindered efforts by workers to repair reservoirs and place sandbags along breached riverbanks as the death toll from China's worst flooding in a decade climbed above 1,000.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, Indian police battled Maoist rebels who ambushed their patrol in dense jungle, as violence worsens in an insurgency that has seen bigger and bolder attacks on government forces this year. 5 people were killed when the rebels blasted a vehicle carrying security guards of a bank in the eastern state of Jharkhand.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Indonesia the Trisal Pratama sank shortly after a collision with another cargo vessel near Selayar island off South Sumatra province. Rescuers saved 11 people, including a 1-year-old girl, but searched the next day for nine others still missing.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Iraq a judge said Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammadi, No. 54 out of 55 on a former US military list of most-wanted Saddam officials, has been released from prison after he was found innocent of helping the former regime punish opponents by draining the country's fabled marshlands. 3 traffic policemen were killed in drive-by shootings in western Baghdad while gunmen stormed the house of a policeman, killing him, his wife and a relative.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 4, Israeli soldiers killed a Gaza Strip militant was killed. The Israeli military said soldiers saw a group of men approach Israel's border fence with Gaza and launched an airstrike against them before dawn. 3 other militants were wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Kashmir tens of thousands of Kashmiri Muslims marched to a town where seven people were killed over the weekend, defying a curfew in another day of massive protests against Indian rule in the Himalayan region. The Indian government warned that further "mindless violence" in Indian Kashmir could only lead to more deaths after two months of unrest that has already claimed 45 lives.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AFP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, Kenyans formed long lines before sunrise across the country to vote on a new constitution that would reduce the powers of the presidency in the nation's first ballot since postelection violence left more than 1,000 dead. 67% of Kenyans backed the new constitution to replace a British colonial-era draft that inflated the powers of the president. The new constitution provided for a wider measure of devolution to 47 new counties.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/6/10, p.A3)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.46)
2010        Aug 4, Mexican authorities said 7 bodies were found in a clandestine grave in Mazatlan, Sinaloa state. The bodies were found after an anonymous tip and showed signs of having been tortured prior to their death.
    (SFC, 8/5/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 4, In Nigeria Erastus Akingbola, ex-chief executive of Intercontinental Bank, turned himself in after returning from Britain. He was accused of taking part in corruption blamed for helping cause a financial crisis. The central bank removed a list of executives from their jobs at financial institutions, including Akingbola, in 2009 in a bid to clean up the banking sector.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a vehicle carrying the chief of a paramilitary police force in Peshawar, killing him and four others in an attack that ended a relative lull in violence in a city often targeted by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, Moscow was engulfed by the thickest blanket of smog yet this summer, an acrid, choking haze from wildfires that have wiped out Russian forests, villages and a military base.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, In Edinburgh, Scotland, the 3 children Theresa Riggi (46), an American mother, were found dead after a suspected gas explosion. On Aug 6 she was charged with murder. On March 7, 2010, California-born Theresa Riggi pled guilty to a charge of culpable homicide on the grounds of diminished responsibility at the High Court in Edinburgh. On April 27, 2011, Riggi was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/7/10, p.A2)(AFP, 3/7/11)(AP, 4/27/11)
2010        Aug 4, In South Africa vigilantes used whistles and vuvuzelas, the deafening horns used by fans during the World Cup, to arouse a mob to assault and kill 3 suspected thieves in their neighborhood. The victims, suspected of stealing power cables in the Lenasia district of southern Johannesburg, were burned alive. 2 others were beaten to death for wearing stolen clothes.
    (AP, 8/4/10)
2010        Aug 4, A Sudanese court sentenced 19 young Muslim men to 30 lashes and a fine for breaking moral codes by wearing women's clothes and makeup, a case exposing Sudanese sensitivity toward homosexuality.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)

2011        Aug 4, US Congressional leaders struck a deal to resolve a partisan dispute and end a partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that has halted airport projects and threatened thousands of jobs. Congress adjourned earlier this week for its August recess but Democratic aides said the Senate will finalize the deal on Aug 4 by approving a version of the spending measure already passed by the U.S. House of Representatives.
    (Reuters, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, The US stock market finished its worst day since the financial crisis. The DJIA plunged 513 points. It was the worst day for the Dow since October 22, 2008.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, US investigators confronted Jesse Osmun in Connecticut and obtained a written confession that as a Peace Corps volunteer, he had sexually molested at least 5 girls at a South African shelter for AIDS orphans and other children. None of the girls were older than 6.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 4, A Texas jury convicted polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs (55) of child sexual assault, in a case stemming from two young followers he took as brides. Prosecutors used DNA evidence to show Jeffs fathered a child with a 15-year-old girl and played an audio recording of what they said was him sexually assaulting a 12-year-old. On Aug 9 Jeffs was sentenced to life in prison for sexually assaulting two underage girls he claimed as "spiritual" brides.
    (AP, 8/4/11)(Reuters, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 4, Computer security firms McAfee and Dell SecureWorks said Chinese hackers had attacked over 72 networks beginning in 2006. McAfee dubbed the attacks “Operation Shady RAT."
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.D6)
2011        Aug 4, NASA scientists said they have detected the first clear signs that water may be flowing on Mars. Evidence came from the HiRISE camera aboard the Reconnaissance Orbiter, which has been circling Mars for 5 years.
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.A11)
2011        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot dead a NATO service member in the east of the country, the 2nd such killing in less than a month. Another NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan. An employee with the Afghan national intelligence service was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb just outside Kunduz city. 3 children were wounded in the blast and one died on the way to hospital.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Belarus police detained Ales Belyatsky of the human rights Vesna group outside his home in the capital, Minsk, and also conducted searches in his apartment and country house, as well as the group's offices. The group criticized Lithuanian authorities for providing information on Belyatsky's activities to Belarusian police. The Lithuanian Justice Ministry said it will now cut off communication channels that were used to provide legal information to Belarus.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Britain north London police shot and killed Mark Duggan (29) during an attempted arrest in Tottenham. See August 6. The family only learned of the death of their son from watching television.
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.51)(AFP, 8/7/11)(AFP, 2/29/12)
2011        Aug 4, In Chile riot police battled high school and university students in Santiago. Police detained 235 students demanding major changes to the underfunded and unequal public education system.
    (SFC, 8/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 4, Dominican Republic authorities said they have seized more than 400 kg of cocaine hidden in crates of tobacco about to be exported to Spain.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Tropical Storm Emily brushed the southern coast of Hispaniola leaving one person dead in Haiti and three in the Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, In India a 740-foot (225-meter) vessel, which had been transporting coal from Indonesia to the western Indian state of Gujarat, sank off Mumbai. The navy rescued 30 crew members. The ship was estimated to be carrying 325 tons of fuel oil and 56 tons of diesel. By Aug 7 oil had spread over an area of 7 nautical miles and cleanup efforts were underway.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 4, An Israeli a prison services spokeswoman said Israel is to free 770 Israeli and Palestinian prisoners due to overcrowding. They included Hassan Yusef, a founder of the Islamist movement Hamas. Israel's air force carried out 3 night time raids on the Gaza Strip, wounding 3 people. The Israeli army said they had targeted 3 tunnels and an operations base in the central Gaza Strip and a fourth target in the south in response to rocket fire.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the entire 20-man police force resigned in the northern town of Ascension, Chihuahua state, after a series of attacks that killed the police chief and five officers over the last three months. The Defense Department announced that a 19-day offensive in northern states against the Zetas drug cartel had resulted in the shooting deaths of 30 alleged criminals and a soldier. Among those killed was Jorge Luis de la Pena, the Zetas boss for Nuevo Laredo. Near Monterey police found the bodies of two men each hanging by an ankle from a pedestrian bridge.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the chief prosecutor in Chiapas state said former Gov. Pablo Salazar, jailed on suspicion of embezzlement, will also face manslaughter charges involving the 2002-2003 deaths of two babies and with negligence in the deaths of 31 other newborns.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Morocco took delivery of the first of 4 of 24 F-16 fighter jets from the United States as part of its air force modernization program.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Nigeria a clash between security forces and suspected members of a radical Muslim sect left two dead in the volatile northeast. The clash came after six assailants from the Boko Haram sect detonated a bomb that blew up the median of a major Maiduguri road.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, A UN report was released that described oil destroying crops and seeping into drinking water supplies in Ogoniland, Nigeria, a region of the Niger Delta. In one case, the UN found one village where drinking water was polluted with benzene 900 times more than the international limit.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 4, A group of South Sudanese rebels formerly linked to militia leader Peter Gadet, who agreed to a ceasefire this week, accused him of taking government bribes and rejected the peace deal. The splinter faction (SSLM/A) disowned his accord with the government, adding that it had not affected the group, which remained with 780 officers and a force of 5,000.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Spain clashes between demonstrators, angry over the government’s austerity program, and police left 7 officers and 13 protesters injured.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 4, Syria’s Pres. Assad issued two legislative decrees that will allow the formation of political parties alongside the Baath Party and enable newly formed parties to run for parliament and local councils. Telephone and communication lines remained cut with the restive city of Hama, where a deadly military operation has been under way since July 31. Military operations were also under way in the central city of Homs, where heavy machine guns and automatic gunfire was heard throughout the night in the Bab Sbaa and Qalaa districts.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Tanzania’s Legal and Human Rights Center said police brutality has led to the deaths of 20 people in Tanzania in the first six months of this year. Five police officers were killed by civilians during the same period.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Turkey appointed commanders to posts left vacant by the resignation of the military's top brass in a dispute with the government that showcased the elected leaders' strengthening control over the once-mighty military.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, Zambia's main opposition party said President Rupiah Banda is ineligible for re-election because both his parents were allegedly born outside the country. Banda, who is in his 70s, was born before Zambia gained independence in 1964.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2012        Aug 4, In Ohio John Wise (67) shot and killed his wife of 45 years in her hospital bed. Barbara Wise (65) had suffered three cerebral aneurysms that left her unable to speak. Mercy killing was not a legal defense option in Ohio. On Nov 8, 2013, John Wise was convicted of murder.
    (SFC, 11/4/13, p.A5)(SFC, 11/9/13, p.A10)
2012        Aug 4, The Afghan parliament voted to dismiss the country's defense and interior ministers, a move that threatens to throw the country's security apparatus into confusion as foreign forces withdraw. Two New Zealand soldiers were killed and six wounded in a battle in Bamiyan province.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, Minor Bollywood actress Sherlyn Chopra (28), the first Indian woman to pose naked for Playboy magazine, said she is proud to have "pushed the envelope" in a country where public nudity in any form remains largely taboo.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In India flash floods in the northern state of Uttarakhand killed at least 34 people and left hundreds of Hindu pilgrims stranded.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, Several thousand Israelis demonstrated their discontent at government austerity measures and the lack of universal military service in two separate protests in Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Libya a gunbattle over market space and a car explosion rocked the center of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Mauritania a 10-party opposition bloc signed a charter rejecting any solution to the country's political crisis that does not involve the departure of Pres. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Off the coast of Nigeria gunmen attacked a barge belonging to oil services company Sea Trucks Group, kidnapping four foreigners and killing two Nigerian sailors. The 4 foreign oil workers were released on Aug 22.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 4, North Korean state news said floods which hit parts of North Korea in recent weeks killed 169 people and left 400 missing, sharply updating earlier casualty figures. Over 200,000 people reportedly lost their homes.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)(Econ, 8/11/12, p.33)
2012        Aug 4, Pakistan reopened the Torkham crossing, having signed a deal with the United States on July 31 allowing NATO convoys to travel into Afghanistan until the end of 2015.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 4, A Saudi policeman and an armed protester were killed in overnight clashes in the kingdom's Shiite-populated Eastern Province. the attackers were participating in a protest that took place in Qatif late on Friday.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Landlocked South Sudan said it has a struck a deal with Sudan over the exportation of oil through Sudan's pipelines. In a statement South Sudan's government said that it will pay approximately $9.48 a barrel to transport its fuel through Sudan's pipelines.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Syria heavy explosions shook Damascus and helicopters circled overhead as rebels appeared to be renewing their offensive in the city. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Syrian television presenter Mohammed al-Saeed, kidnapped from his Damascus home on July 19, has been executed. Violence nationwide reportedly killed 205 people, 115 civilians, 38 rebel fighters and 52 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In Syria gunmen snatched a bus filled with 48 Iranian pilgrims from a Damascus suburb as they headed to visit a shrine holy to Shiites.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, Turkish officials said the military has retired all 40 generals on trial on charges of plotting to overthrow the Muslim-led government.
    (SSFC, 8/5/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 4, Turkey reported the defection of another Syrian general, along with five colonels, who came over the border with a group of refugees.
    (AP, 8/4/12)
2012        Aug 4, In south Yemen a suspected Al-Qaeda suicide bombing in Jaar left 45 people dead. A suspected US drone strike in the east late in the day and killed five Al-Qaeda militants.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 4, In southern Zambia coal miners killed a Chinese mine manager and injured his colleague in a riot over wages at the Collum Coal mine in Sinazongwe known for tensions with the Chinese investor.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2013        Aug 4, In southern California Nathan Louis Campbell (38) drove into a crowd of people at the Venice Beach boardwalk and then fled the scene. Alice Gruppioni (32), an Italian woman on her honeymoon was killed. 11 others were injured. Campbell turned himself in a few hours later.
    (SFC, 8/5/13, p.A3)
2013        Aug 4, In northern California Sandra Coke (50) was last seen leaving her North Oakland home. On Aug 9 her body was found off I-80 in Vacaville. Randy Alana (56), a parolee and sex offender who had dated Coke, was arrested on Aug 6. On June 18, 2015, Alana was sentenced to 131 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A10)(SFC, 6/19/15, p.D1)
2013        Aug 4, In South Carolina a small plane crashed near a subdivision in Conway killing all 3 people aboard.
    (SFC, 8/5/13, p.A3)
2013        Aug 4, In Afghanistan lawyer Abdul Qayyum, who prosecuted Taliban militants, was seriously wounded by a roadside bomb in Jalalabad.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In Brazil 25 police officers were found guilty of killing 52 inmates during the 1992 riot at Sap Paulo’s Carandiru prison. Each officer was sentenced to a prison term of 624 years.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 4, It was reported that nearly 35,000 disappearances have taken place in the city and state of Rio de Janeiro.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 4, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani took the oath of office before parliament in Tehran. He was expected later in the day to name a cabinet he said would be chosen from figures across the political spectrum.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck an army patrol near the northern city of Mosul, killing 3 soldiers. In Tikrit a car bomb killed judge Sajid Abdul-Amir as he was driving to his work. In eastern Baghdad, 2 people were killed in a blast in a commercial street. Mortar rounds landed on houses in Baghdad’s western suburbs, killing two people.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, The Israeli Cabinet expanded its list of West Bank settlements eligible for government subsidies, a decision that came just days after the resumption of long-frozen peace talks and drew quick Palestinian condemnation.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In Kuwait a new cabinet was sworn in before the emir, Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah. It included six members of the royal family and one member of parliament.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, In northeast Nigeria at least 35 people were killed in two separate gun battles between security forces and Islamist sect Boko Haram in Borno state. 12 soldiers and 7 police officers were also killed in the attacks. Momodu Bama, 2nd in command of Boko Haram, was killed along with 17 other members of the sect during clashes in Bama.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)(AP, 8/10/13)(Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 4, Syria’s government announced that traders who price goods in foreign currency will face up to 10 years in jail in a move aimed at stemming the increasing dollarization of an economy crippled by two years of civil war. Rebels attacked government outposts in the Jabal al-Akrad hills. At least 32 government troops and militiamen and at least 19 rebels, including foreign fighters, died in the fighting.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)(AP, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 4, Jihadi-led rebel fighters in Syria killed at least 190 civilians and abducted more than 200 during an offensive against pro-regime villages in Latakia province. Human Rights Watch issued a report on the attacks on Oct 11.
    (AP, 10/11/13)
2013        Aug 4, Tunisian police shot dead an Islamist militant in Tunis and arrested several suspected militants, as the government grappled with growing security and political crises. One soldier was killed and seven others wounded by a landmine near the Algerian border, where security forces have been hunting Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, African leaders meeting in Uganda said the Somali city of Kismayo "should be handed over" to the central government, a decision that puts pressure on Kenyan troops who face charges of backing a powerful militia in the disputed port city.
    (AP, 8/4/13)
2013        Aug 4, Yemen's Nobel Peace Prize winner Tawakkul Karman was denied entry into Egypt after she landed at Cairo airport. She has stated her opposition to the military coup that ousted fellow Islamist Mohammed Morsi on July 3 and was sent back on a flight that brought her to Cairo from the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2014        Aug 4, Pres. Obama opened a 3-day summit in Washington DC for more than 40 African heads of state as hundreds gathered outside the State Dept. to denounce some of the leaders as torturers and killers.
    (SFC, 8/5/14, p.A6)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.19)
2014        Aug 4, The US federal government said that the NYC Dept. of corrections has systematically violated the civil rights of male teenagers at Rikers Island by failing to protect them from rampant use of unnecessary and excessive force by correction officers.
    (SFC, 8/5/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 4, Jim Brady (b.1940), the White House Press Sec. under Ronald Reagan, died. He became an advocate of gun control after he, Pres. Reagan and two others were shot by John W. Hinckley Jr. on March 30, 1981. A Virginia medical examiner soon ruled his death as a homicide.
    (SFC, 8/5/14, p.A6)(SFC, 8/9/14, p.A5)
2014        Aug 4, In Ohio John Crawford III (22) was fatally shot by two white policemen inside a Wal-Mart store in the Dayton suburb of Beavercreek. Police responded after a caller said a man was waving a gun; they say Crawford refused orders to put down an air rifle. A grand jury concluded that the shooting was justified. On Dec 16 Crawford’s family filed a federal lawsuit charging negligence and violation of civil rights.
    (AP, 8/30/14)(SFC, 12/17/14, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/ksvw2z3)
2014        Aug 4, Azerbaijan and Armenia both reported more losses in a sharp escalation of fighting over the South Caucasus region Nagorno-Karabakh, with 18 soldiers now confirmed dead.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In Bangladesh the M.V. Pinak ferry, licensed at 85 capacity, capsized in the Padma river southwest of Dhaka with about 200 passengers on board. About 100 people were rescued with 19 bodies recovered and at least 125 presumed dead. Police soon launched a hunt for the captain and crew members.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)(SFC, 8/5/14, p.A2)(SFC, 8/7/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 4, China’s state media said the government is offering more than 300 million yuan ($49 million) for residents of Xinjiang, the homeland of mainly Muslim Uighurs, who help a crackdown on "terrorists." A total of 4.23 million yuan was already handed out to individuals and government agencies who helped in the killing and capture of 10 "suspected terrorists" in Hotan prefecture last week.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, China's smog-plagued capital announced plans to ban the use of coal by the end of 2020 as the country fights deadly levels of pollution, especially in major cities.
    (AP, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, Egypt said it plans to build a new Suez Canal alongside the existing 145-year-old historic waterway in a multi-billion dollar project aimed at expanding trade along the fastest shipping route between Europe and Asia.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, Germany's Economy Ministry confirmed it has halted Rheinmetall's export of combat simulation gear to Russia, going beyond recently imposed EU sanctions which block future defense contracts.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Ghana asked the IMF for help after its currency, the cedi, fell by a third against the dollar since the start of this year.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.61)
2014        Aug 4, A senior Iranian official said Hamas is able to fire missiles into Israel because Tehran provided weapons technology to the militant group to defend itself against Israeli attacks.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Baghdad's air force and Kurdish fighters from Syria joined forces with Iraq's embattled peshmerga to push back jihadists whose latest attacks sent thousands of civilians running for their lives.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In a predawn air strike, Israel killed Danyal Mansour, a senior commander of Islamic Jihad, a Palestinian group fighting alongside Hamas, just hours ahead of a seven-hour truce announced by Israel. 10 Palestinians were reported killed in Israeli strikes throughout the Gaza Strip. Palestinians and Israel accused each other of breaking a seven-hour ceasefire intended to allow humanitarian aid into the battered Gaza Strip soon after it came into force. A Palestinian killed an Israeli and overturned a bus with a construction vehicle and a gunman wounded a soldier in attacks in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 8/4/14)(Reuters, 8/4/14)(AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In eastern Lebanon thousands of civilians and Syrian refugees crammed into cars and pickup trucks fled Arsal as troops battled al-Qaida-linked militants from neighboring Syria who overran the border region. Several days of fighting killed 19 soldiers, 16 civilians and dozens of jihadists.
    (AP, 8/4/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 4, Libya's newly elected parliament met in Tobruk and held its first formal session as armed factions continued to battle for dominance.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Nigerian authorities said that a doctor in Lagos who treated a Liberian victim of Ebola has contracted the virus, the second confirmed case in sub-Saharan Africa's largest city.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In Pakistan a bomb killed religious leader Faqir Jamshed and two of his guards as they traveled to a celebration at a Sufi shrine near the city of Dera Ismail Khan.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Palestinian groups including envoys of Hamas and Islamic Jihad held their first formal meeting in Cairo with Egyptian mediators hoping to secure a durable ceasefire with Israel after more than three weeks of fighting. Israel declined to send its envoys.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Saudi authorities in Arar beheaded a Nepalese housemaid convicted of murdering a two-year-old boy by slitting his throat. Saudi national Hamad al-Ahmadi was decapitated in Medina for stabbing his wife to death while she was asleep.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, Ukraine said 5 government soldiers were killed and 15 wounded over the last 24 hours in fighting in the east where Kiev forces recaptured an important railway hub from pro-Russian rebels. Ukraine acknowledged that 311 soldiers and border guards had been forced by fighting with separatists to cross into Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)(AP, 8/4/14)(Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, The World Bank said that it would provide up to $200 million to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to help the west African nations contain the deadly outbreak.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 4, In Yemen 4 soldiers were killed in ambushes in Hadramawt province.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)

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