Today in History - August 5

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25CE        Aug 5, Emperor Guangwu (5BC-57CE), became emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty. He was born as Liu Xiu and became founder of the Later Han or Eastern Han (the restored Han Dynasty). He ruled over parts of China at first, and through suppression and conquest of regional warlords, the whole of China was consolidated by the time of his death. His government used rumors as a barometer of public sentiment. In 2011 Lu Zongli authored “Rumors in the Han Dynasty."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Guangwu_of_Han)(Econ, 3/17/12, p.56)

1264        Aug 5, Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Arnstadt, Germany.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1391        Aug 5, Castilian sailors in Barcelona, Spain set fire to a Jewish ghetto, killing 100 people and setting off four days of violence against the Jews.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1583        Aug 5, Humphrey Gilbert, English explorer, annexed Newfoundland in the name of Queen Elizabeth and founded the first English settlement in the New World. His colony disappeared. He drowned this same year at sea in a storm off the Azores.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(SFEM, 11/15/98, p.26)

1664        Sep 5, After days of negotiation, the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam surrendered to the British, who would rename it New York. The citizens of New Amsterdam petitioned Peter Stuyvesant to surrender to the English. The "Articles of Capitulation" guaranteed free trade, religious liberty and a form of local representation. In 2004 Russell Shorto authored "The Island At the Center of the World," a history of New York's Dutch period.
    (HN, 9/5/98)(ON, 4/00, p.3)(WSJ, 3/16/04, p.D6)

1762        Aug 5, Russia, Prussia and Austria signed a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1763        Aug 5, Colonel Henry Bouquet decisively defeated the Indians at the Battle of Bushy Run in Pennsylvania during Pontiac's rebellion.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1775        Aug 5, Spanish Lieutenant Juan Manuel de Ayala and his crew of 30 became the first European explorers to sail into the San Francisco Bay. He anchored at Angel Island and waited for the overland expedition of Captain Juan Bautista de Anza. Angel Island was one of the first landforms named by the Spanish when they entered SF Bay. The 58-foot Spanish fregata, Punta de San Carlos, was the first sailing vessel to enter the SF Bay while on a voyage of exploration. Ayala named Alcatraz Island after a large flock of pelicans, called alcatraces in Spanish.
    (CAS, 1996, p.19)(SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)(SFC, 12/26/01, p.A28)(SFC, 8/16/14, p.C1)

1792        Aug 5, Frederick 7th baron Lord North (60), English premier, died. He presided over Britain's loss of its American colonies (1770-82).
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1802        Aug 5, Niels Henrik Abel (d.1829), mathematician, was born in Frindoe, Norway.
    (Internet)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A15)

1807        Aug 5, Jeanne Baret (b.1740), botanist, died in France. She had joined the (1766-1769) expedition of Louis Antoine de Bougainville, disguised as a man, and enlisting as valet and assistant to the expedition's naturalist, Philibert Commerson, shortly before Bougainville's ships sailed on a voyage to circumnavigate the globe. In 2013 Glynis Ridley authored “The Discovery of Jeanne Baret: A Story of Science, the High Seas, and the First Woman to Circumnavigate the Globe."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeanne_Bar%C3%A9)

1811        Aug 5, C.L. Ambroise Thomas, French composer (Mignon, Francoise de Rimini), was born.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1815        Aug 5, A peace treaty with Tripoli, which followed treaties with Algeria (Jun 30) and Tunis (Aug 28), brought an end to the Barbary Wars. Commodores Stephen Decatur and William Bainbridge had conducted successful operations against the Barbary States of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli.
    (HN, 8/5/98)(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A22)(ON, 10/06, p.10)

1850        Aug 5, Guy de Maupassant, short story writer and author of "The Necklace," was born.
    (HN, 8/5/98)
1850        Aug 5, Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne met at a picnic with friends at Monument Mountain near Stockbridge, Massachusetts. Two days later, Melville visited Hawthorne at his little red farmhouse in Lenox. Hawthorne gave him two bottles of champagne and they took a walk to the lake. That same day, Hawthorne wrote to a friend, "I met Melville, the other day, and liked him so much that I have asked him to spend a few days with me before leaving these parts." For a year and a half, the two friends lived six miles apart during the most productive time in their writing lives. Their five greatest books - The Scarlet Letter, The House of the Seven Gables, Moby-Dick, The Blithedale Romance, and Pierre - were either being written or published. In fact, The Blithedale Romance and Pierre were written at the same time, and The Scarlet Letter and Moby-Dick were published only a year apart. In the fall of 1851, Melville dedicated Moby-Dick to Hawthorne.
    (http://writersalmanac.publicradio.org/index.php?date=2007/08/05)

1858        Aug 5, Cyrus W. Field completed the first transatlantic cable. It linked Newfoundland to Ireland. The line went completely dead in October. William Thompson oversaw the operation at sea aboard the HMS Agamemnon, which laid half the cable. The other half was laid by the USS Niagara. The cables had been spliced at a central meeting point on June 26. A new attempt to lay newly designed cable failed in 1865. Another attempt in 1866 succeeded.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/cable/peopleevents/e_inquiry.html)(AP, 8/5/08)(ON, 10/10, p.2)

1860        Aug 5, Joseph Carey Merrick, "Elephant Man," was born.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1861        Aug 5, The US federal government levied an income tax for the first time to finance the Civil War. It was 3% of incomes over $800 effective from Jan 1. This was superseded by the Tax Act of July 14, 1862, which took effect as of January 1, 1862.
     (AP, 8/5/97)(http://tinyurl.com/brzpcg3)
1861        Aug 5, US Army abolished flogging.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1862        Aug 5, Battle of Baton Rouge, LA.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1864        Aug 5, During the Civil War, Union Adm. David G. Farragut is said to have given his famous order, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" as he led his fleet against Mobile Bay, Ala. The Union Navy captured Mobile Bay in Alabama.
    (AP, 8/5/97)(HN, 8/5/98)

1876        Aug 5, Mary Ritter Beard, American historian and writer, was born.
    (HN, 8/5/00)

1884        Aug 5, The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.
    (THC, 4/10/97)(AP, 8/5/97)

1890        Aug 5, Erich Kleiber, conductor (NBC Symphony 1945-46), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1891        Aug 5, The 1st travelers checks were issued by American Express.
    (MC, 8/5/02)
1891        Aug 5, Henry Charles Litolff (73), French pianist, composer, died.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1892        Aug 5, Harriet Tubman received a pension from Congress for her work as a nurse, spy and scout during the Civil War.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1895        Aug 5, Friedrich Engels (b.1820), English socialist who collaborated with Karl Marx on “The Communist Manifesto" (1848) and “Das Kapital" (1867), died. Engels had edited the second and third volumes of Das Kapital after Marx's death (1883). In 2009 Tristram Hunt authored “Marx’s General: The Revolutionary Life of Friedrich Engels."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Engels)

1906        Aug 5, John Houston, film director of such movies as "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" and "The Maltese Falcon," was born in Nevada, Mo.
    (HN, 8/5/98)(MC, 8/5/02)

1908        Aug 5, Miriam Rothschild, English scientist and writer, was born.
    (HN, 8/5/00)

1914        Aug 5, One of the first, if not the first, electric traffic light systems were installed in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
1914        Aug 5, The British Expeditionary Force mobilized for World War I.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1915        Aug 5, The Austro-German Army took Warsaw, in present-day Poland, on the Eastern Front.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1916        Aug 5, The British navy defeated the Ottomans at the naval battle off Port Said, Egypt.
    (HN, 8/5/98)
1916        Aug 5, George Sainton Kaye Butterworth (31), composer, died.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1923        Aug 5, Richard G. Kleindienst, one of the key officials who helped elect Richard Nixon to the presidency in 1969, was born.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1924        Aug 5, The comic strip "Little Orphan Annie" by Harold Gray (d.1968) made its debut in the NY Daily News. Daddy Warbucks was her millionaire guardian. Leonard Starr took over the strip in 1979. Her image was updated in 2000 by cartoonist Andrew Pepoy. [see Oct 5]
    (AP, 8/5/97)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)(SFC, 6/12/00, p.A2)
1924        Aug 5, The San Francisco Bay Area town of Colma was incorporated under the name “Lawndale." The name was changed in December, 1941, as the US Post Office declared that there was another Lawndale in California.
    (www.colmahistory.org/History.htm)

1926        Aug 5, Houdini stayed in a coffin under water for 1 hr.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1930        Aug 5, Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Ohio.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1933        Aug 5, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the National Labor Board to enforce the right of collective bargaining. It was later replaced with the National Labor Relations Board.
    (AP, 8/5/08)(SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)
1933        Aug 5, Harry V. Hill (50) drowned off Yerba Buena Island becoming the 1st fatality in the construction of the SF-Oakland Bay Bridge.
    (SSFC, 8/4/08, DB p.54)

1936        Aug 5, Jesse Owens won his 3rd Olympic medal (200m sprint) at the Berlin Olympics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Owens)

1941        Aug 5, The German army completed taking 410,000 Russian prisoners in Uman and Smolensk pockets in the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1942        Aug 5, Janusz Korczak and the children he cared for were taken away by the Nazis from an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto. He chose to stay with the children in his care as they went together into the gas chambers at Treblinka. In 2002 a memorial in Warsaw was dedicated to Korczak and the children.
    (AP, 8/6/02)

1949        Aug 5, A bomb exploded at a synagogue in Damascus, Syria, killing 12 people.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/loxc6n)

1951        Aug 5, The United Nations Command suspended armistice talks with the North Koreans when armed troops are spotted in neutral areas.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1952        Aug 5, In LA, Ca., 14 Communist leaders were convicted of conspiring to overthrow the US government. 6 of the defendants were from SF, one was from Oakland.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.E4)

1953        Aug 5, Operation "Big Switch" was under way as prisoners taken during the Korean conflict were exchanged at Panmunjom.
    (AP, 8/5/03)

1955        Aug 5, The Oakland, Ca., fire department ended segregation between black and white fire fighters.
    (SSFC, 2/5/06, p.B7)
1955        Aug 5, Carmen Miranda (42), singer, actress (Down Argentine Way), died.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1957        Aug 5, "American Bandstand," a teenage dance show hosted by Dick Clark (1929-2012) in Philadelphia, made its network debut on ABC-TV.
    (WSJ, 3/24/97, p.B1)(SFC, 11/10/99, p.E3)(AP, 8/5/07)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.C5)

1960        Aug 5, Upper Volta, formerly part of French West Africa, became independent under Maurice Yameogo. In 1984 it was renamed Burkina Faso.
    (WUD, 1994, p.139)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 4th ed., p.1233)

1962         Aug 5, Actress Marilyn Monroe (36) was found dead in her Los Angeles home. Her death was ruled a "probable suicide" from an overdose of sleeping pills. Movie actress, model, singer, Judaism convert, RN: Norma Jean Mortenson Baker; Joe DiMaggio's, then Arthur Miller's ex-wife. Her films included "Some Like It Hot." In 1999 Barbara Leaming authored the biography "Marilyn Monroe." In 1969 Fred Lawrence Guiles (d.2000 at 79) authored "Norma Jean: The Life of Marilyn Monroe."
    (AP, 6/1/97)(DTnet, 6/1/97)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.9)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)
1962        cAug 5, Russia set off a 40-megaton atomic bomb as part of a new test series.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)
1962        Aug 5, In South Africa Nelson Mandela was arrested near Howick and charged with illegally leaving the country and incitement to strike. He was later sentenced to five years of hard labor.
    (SFC, 12/6/13, p.A18)

1963        Aug 5, The United States, Britain and the Soviet Union signed a Limited Test Ban Treaty in Moscow banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, space and underwater. Public pressure helped JFK signed the ban on atmospheric atom bomb tests.
    (AP, 8/5/97)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 7/15/07, p.D1)

1964        Aug 5, US began bombing North Vietnam. Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr. was shot down and captured at Ha Long Bay in Vietnam. Alvarez became the first naval aviator captured by the North Vietnamese and spent eight-and-one-half years in captivity. Alvarez later co-authored two books, writing of his prisoner of war experiences in “Chained Eagle" and “Code Of Conduct."
    (www.pownetwork.org/bios/a/a038.htm)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everett_Alvarez_Jr.)

1966        Aug 5, Martin Luther King Jr. was stoned during a march in Chicago.
    (MC, 8/5/02)
1966        Aug 5, Beatles released their "Revolver" album in US.
    (MC, 8/5/02)
1966        Aug 5, Beatles released "Yellow Submarine" and "Eleanor Rigby" in UK.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1968        Aug 5, The Republican national convention convened in Miami Beach. Ronald Reagan announced that he would seek the GOP nomination for president. He soon threw his support to Nixon.
    (AP, 8/5/08)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)(SSFC, 6/6/04, A16)

1969        Aug 5, The U.S. space probe Mariner 7 flew by Mars, sending back photographs and scientific data. It returned 127 images of the South Polar icecap and southern hemisphere. Mariner 6 also flew past Mars this year and returned 75 images of the Martian equator along with the surface temperature, atmospheric pressure and composition.
    (AP, 8/5/97)(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A19)

1973        Aug 5, Russia launched its Mars 6 Orbiter.
    (http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1973-052A)

1974        Aug 5, President Richard Nixon admitted that he ordered a cover-up of the Watergate break-in for political as well as national security reasons. One of the secret recordings, known as the "smoking gun" tape, was released. It revealed that Nixon authorized hush money to Watergate burglar E. Howard Hunt, and also revealed that Nixon ordered the CIA to tell the FBI to stop investigating certain topics because of "the Bay of Pigs thing."
    (HN, 8/5/98)(SFC, 12/6/99, p.B8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Nixon)

1980        Aug 5, Hurricane "Allen" battered the southern peninsula of Haiti, leaving more than 200 dead in its wake. Hurricane Allen went on to hit the southeastern US.
    (AP, 8/5/00)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A17)

1981        Aug 5, Pres. Reagan began firing 11,500 air traffic controllers who had gone out on strike 2 days earlier.
    (AP, 8/5/97)(WSJ, 9/3/96, p.A1)

1984        Aug 5, Stage and film actor Richard Burton (58) died of a cerebral hemorrhage at a hospital in Geneva, Switzerland. In 2012 “The Richard Burton Diaries," edited by Chris Williams, were published.
    (AP, 8/5/97)(SSFC, 11/11/12, p.F5)

1986        Aug 5, US Senate voted for the SDI-project, better known as Star Wars.
    (http://tinyurl.com/wonw9)
1986        Aug 5, It was revealed that Andrew Wyeth secretly created 240 drawings and paintings of his neighbor Helga Testorf, in Chadds Ford, Pa.
    (www.rightreading.com/daybook_pages/august.htm)

1987        Aug 5, President Reagan announced his administration had reached a "general agreement" with leaders of Congress on a new Central America peace plan. Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega offered to discuss the U.S. proposal.
    (AP, 8/5/97)
1987        Aug 5, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tigers began to surrender their weapons to the Indian army, but later changed course and began to fight the Indians. Official Indian government aid to the rebels was cutoff but the southern Tamil Nadu state and rightist Hindu factions of the Indian army continued helping the rebels.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1988        Aug 5, Treasury Secretary James A. Baker III announced he was resigning to take over the presidential election campaign of Vice President George Bush. Nicholas F. Brady was nominated to take Baker's place at Treasury.
    (AP, 8/5/98)

1989        Aug 5, Five Central American presidents began meeting in Honduras to discuss a timetable for dismantling Nicaraguan Contra bases.
    (AP, 8/5/99)

1990        Aug 5, An angry President Bush again denounced the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, telling reporters, "This will not stand. This will not stand, this aggression against Kuwait."
    (AP, 8/5/00)
1990        Aug 5, In Cairo the 19th Islamic Conference of foreign Ministers adopted the “Cairo Declaration," which laid out an alternative view of liberty. The member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) attached a rider that the application of all human rights should be subordinated to sharia law.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.63)(www.religlaw.org/interdocs/docs/cairohrislam1990.htm)

1991        Aug 5, US Democratic congressional leaders formally launched an investigation into whether the 1980 Reagan-Bush campaign had secretly conspired with Iran to delay release of American hostages until after the presidential election. A task force later concluded there was "no credible evidence" of such a deal.
    (AP, 8/5/01)
1991        Aug 5, The Yugoslav army called off its intervention to Slovenia’s independence.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, T-5)

1992        Aug 5, Federal civil rights charges were filed against four Los Angeles police officers acquitted of state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King; two were later convicted.
    (AP, 8/5/97)
1992        Aug 5, Acting Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger called for a war crimes investigation in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 8/5/97) 

1993        Aug 5, The U.S. House of Representatives passed President Clinton's budget plan by a close vote of 218-216.
    (AP, 8/5/98)
1993        Aug 5, Japan's Cabinet resigned, paving the way for the end of 38 years of rule by the Liberal Democratic Party.
    (AP, 8/5/03)

1994        Aug 5, A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington chose Kenneth W. Starr to take over the Whitewater investigation from Robert Fiske.
    (AP, 8/5/99)
1994        Aug 5, Some desperate Cubans invaded foreign embassies to demand asylum. Others hijacked Havana harbor ferries and tried to take them to the United States. Hundreds of Cubans spilled onto Havana's seaside Malecon boulevard, picked up rocks and debris from crumbling buildings and hurled them at police. Fidel Castro arrived in an army jeep to quiet the disturbance. His appearance prompted some demonstrators to drop their stones and applaud. In summer of 1994, food and fuel were scarce and islanders sweated through hours-long blackouts that stilled fans, air conditioners and water pumps.
    (AP, 8/5/09)

1995        Aug 5, Secretary of State Warren Christopher arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to "build a bridge of cooperation." Christopher was the first US secretary of state to visit Vietnam since the war and the first ever to go to Hanoi.
    (AP, 8/5/00)

1996        Aug 5, In a bold bid to capture a skeptical public's attention, Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole proposed a $548 billion tax cut.
    (AP, 8/5/97)
1996        Aug 5, US Pres. Clinton signed the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act. It held that foreign companies with investments of more than $40 million in the oil and gas sectors of these nations to be subject to US imposed sanctions.
    (WSJ, 8/6/96, p.A14)
1996        Aug 5, A jury in San Jose, Calif., recommended the death penalty for Richard Allen Davis, convicted of kidnapping and murdering 12-year-old Polly Klaas.
    (WSJ, 8/6/96, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/97)
1996        Aug 5, "Divided They Fell: The Demise of the Democratic Party, 1964-1996" by Ronald Radosh was reviewed.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)
1996        Aug 5, In Chechnya rebels began a new raid and seized much of Grozny by the next day.
    (SFC, 8/14/96, p.A10)

1997        Aug 5, President Clinton signed the budget-balancing and tax-cutting bills into law, calling the legislation "a true milestone for our nation."
    (AP, 8/5/98)
1997        Aug 5, Ramzi Yousef, mastermind of world trade center bombing, went on trial.
    (www.fas.org/irp/news/1997/#aug)
1997        Aug 5, It was reported that a Yale Univ. research team led by Sidney Altman discovered a way to turn off genes that make bacteria resistant to antibiotic drugs. Human testing was thought to be 5 years away.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 8/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 5, In Bolivia the Congress elected former dictator Hugo Banzer as president. He pledged economic reforms and steps to cut poverty.
    (WSJ, 8/6/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 5, In Croatia Pres. Tudjman took an oath of office for his 2nd 5-year term.
    (WSJ, 8/6/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 5, North Korea agreed to hold talks with South Korea in New York beginning on this day.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1997        Aug 5, From Russia’s cosmodrome in Kazakstan a Mir repair mission was launched with a 2-man replacement crew. The smooth launch was upstaged by another breakdown aboard the aging space station, this time involving oxygen generators.
    (WSJ, 8/6/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/98)

1998        Aug 5, Marie Noe of Philadelphia (69), was arrested and charged with murdering 8 of 10 children by suffocation over a 19 year period (1949-1968). In 1999 Noe (70) pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 20 years probation.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A3)(SFC, 6/29/99, p.A2)(AP, 8/5/99)
1998        Aug 5, It was reported that Ian Murphy, founder of the Freedom Scouts, believed that a million Indonesians planned to invade the Australia within 5 years. His organization trained as a guerrilla force to hit and run and protect Australia from attack.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 5, In Cambodia election officials declared Hun Sen the winner and int’l. monitors backed the results.
    (WSJ, 8/6/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 5, In Colombia rebels overran an antinarcotics base in Miraflores. 30 soldiers were killed, 50 wounded and 100 were missing.
    (WSJ, 8/6/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 5, In Congo Arthur Z’Ahidy [Zaidy] Ngoma, a Kinshasa politician, was identified as the leader of the rebels opposed to Kabila.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 5, In London leaders of the Anglican Church approved a resolution that said homosexual activity is "incompatible with Scripture."
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A12)
1998        Aug 5, In Ecuador 2 earthquakes struck the coast at Bahia de Caraquez and killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)
1998        Aug 5, In India 18 people were killed under artillery fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)
1998        Aug 5, In Indonesia a human-rights group said that graves in Aceh province held bodies of hundreds of people killed over the last 8 years.
    (WSJ, 8/6/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 5, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein broke off cooperation with U.N. weapons inspectors and demanded the commission monitoring the weapons be reorganized.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A1) (AP, 8/5/99)
1998        Aug 5, In Israel 2 Israelis were ambushed and killed at a Jewish seminary in Nablus as they patrolled the boundaries.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A12)

1999        Aug 5, Mark McGwire became the 16th member of the 500-home run club, hitting two homers— numbers 500 and 501 -- in the St. Louis Cardinals’ loss to San Diego.
    (AP, 8/5/00)
1999        Aug 5, Republicans overcame solid Democratic opposition to narrowly win passage of a ten-year, $792 billion tax cut, first in the House, then in the Senate; President Clinton denounced the bill and promised a veto.
    (AP, 8/5/00)
1999        Aug 5, Richard Holbrooke won Senate confirmation as UN ambassador after a grueling 14-month battle.
    (AP, 8/5/00)
1999        Aug 5, In New Jersey Gov. Christie Whitman declared a state-wide drought emergency. Gov. Thomas Carper of Delaware declared drought emergency and mandatory water restrictions for two-thirds of the state.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.D6)
1999        Aug 5, In Alabama Alan Eugene Miller (34) killed 3 people at 2 firms in Pelham. Miller pleaded not guilty by reason of diminished mental capacity. He was convicted and sentenced to death. On July 31, 2000, he was assigned to death row at Holman CF.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A3)(www.users.on.net/~bundy23/wwom/miller2.htm)
1999        Aug 5, Researchers reported the discovery of a gene that causes narcolepsy in dogs.
    (WSJ, 8/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 5, In Afghanistan rebel forces of Ahmad Shah Massood counter-attacked the Taliban and recaptured key towns and the Bagram air base.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)
1999        Aug 5, Kurdish separatist rebels agreed to accept a cease-fire call by Abdullah Ocalan.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 5, Montenegro proposed changes to its relationship with Serbia that would dissolve Yugoslavia and replace it with a loose association.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 5, In Sierra Leone former RUF soldiers kidnapped over 2 dozen UN military observers, aid workers and journalists at Okra Hills during a meeting for a hostage handover.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A18)

2000        Aug 5, President Clinton vetoed a Republican-sponsored tax cut for married couples, describing it as "the first installment of a fiscally reckless tax strategy."
    (AP, 8/5/01)
2000        Aug 5, Sir Alec Guinness (86), English film actor, died at a southern England hospital. In 2004 Piers Paul Read authored "Alec Guinness: The Authorised Biography."
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/01)(Econ, 1/24/04, p.76)
2000        Aug 5, In Afghanistan gunmen killed 12 people including 7 Afghans working for the United Nations’ mine clearing agency in western Herat.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 5, In Colombia congressman Oscar Tulio Lizcano was abducted by the FARC. He was freed by a military operation in 2008.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2000        Aug 5, Iran reported that at least 1000 dogs were killed in Tehran over the last month. Islam regarded dogs as impure.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A22)
2000        Aug 5, UN peacekeeping troops began spreading out along the border between Israel and Lebanon.
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, p.C9)

2001        Aug 4, In NYC police officer Joseph Gray (40) ran over Maria Herrera (24), her son Andy and her sister (16). A baby boy was delivered by c-section but did not survive. Gray had been drinking with fellow officers at a strip club. He was later charged with manslaughter for killing the family while driving drunk on his way to work. Gray was convicted of manslaughter in 2002 and sentenced to five to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A6)(SFC, 5/4/02, p.A5)(AP, 8/5/02)
2001        Aug 5, The spacecraft Galileo flew as close as 120 miles above Io’s north pole and captured wisps of volcanic gas largely composed of sulfur dioxide.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.D3)
2001        Aug 5, In Afghanistan the Taliban closed a US relief organization office and arrested 24 of its workers for propagating Christianity. The ruling Taliban jailed eight foreign aid workers, including two Americans, for allegedly preaching Christianity. The workers were rescued the following November as the Taliban regime began collapsing during U.S. military operations.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/02)
2001        Aug 5, In Brazil a 2-week police strike in Salvador, Bahia state, was reported to be over. Threats of strikes remained in other cities due to low wages.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.T14)
2001        Aug 5, In Israel a Palestinian gunman shot into a crowd of soldiers in Tel Aviv and injured 10 people before he was fatally shot. In 2 other incidents an Israeli woman was killed in a drive-by shooting and a Palestinian attempting to plant a bomb in Tulkarm was killed by Israeli troops.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A1,A10)
2001        Aug 5, In Macedonia rival factions agreed to restructure the police force and removed a major barrier to a peace accord.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)

2002        Aug 5, Donald L. Kohn and Ben S. Bernanke took the oath of office as members of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The oath was administered by Chairman Alan Greenspan in the Board Room. Bernanke put aside his book in progress, “Age of Delusion: How politicians and central bankers created the Great Depression," as a condition of government service.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d7qy6)(WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A15)
2002        Aug 5, Shell Oil agreed to pay $28 million to the Tahoe Public Utility District to help cleanup contamination from the gasoline additive MTBE.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A17)
2002        Aug 5, The coral-encrusted 150-ton gun turret of the Civil War ironclad USS Monitor was raised from the floor of the Atlantic off Cape Hatteras, NC, nearly 140 years after the historic warship sank during a storm. Two skeletons and the remains of their uniforms were found. They were interred in Arlington National Cemetery on March 8, 2013.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(SFC, 2/13/13, p.A6)
2002        Aug 5, Joshua Ryan Evans (20), soap opera actor, died.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2002        Aug 5, Chick Hearn (85), Los Angeles Lakers play-by-play announcer, died.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2002        Aug 5, Dr. Sanford L. Palay (83), neuroscientist and author of "The Cerebral Cortex" and other books, died in Concord, Mass.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A20)
2002        Aug 5, Matt Robinson (65), former "Sesame Street" cast member, died.
    (AP, 8/5/03)
2002        Aug 5, Winifred Watson (95), a popular writer of the 1930s who found a new readership in the 21st century, died in England. His work included the humorous and risqué novel "Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day" (1938).
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 5, Israel announced a "total ban" on Palestinian travel in much of the West Bank and sealed off a chunk of the Gaza Strip with tanks in response to Palestinian attacks on Israelis that killed 13 people over 24 hours. Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a suspected weapons factory in Gaza City.
    (AP, 8/5/02)(AP, 8/5/07)
2002        Aug 5, Japan launched a compulsory ID system aimed at bringing government into the electronic age in the face of stiff protests calling it a violation of privacy and a temptation to hackers.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 5, In Niger a military revolt spread to the capital, with mutinous soldiers opening fire inside three garrisons in Niamey. Prime Minister Hama Amadou said the city was under control after hours of gunfire.
    (AP, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 5, Six Pakistanis were killed and at least three people wounded when masked men burst into the compound of a Christian missionary school near the town of Murree and opened fire.
    (Reuters, 8/5/02)
2002        Aug 5, In Papua New Guinea lawmakers elected founding father Michael Somare as the new prime minister, as armed riot police surrounded Parliament.
    (AP, 8/5/02)     
2002        Aug 5, In northern Uganda rebels overran a camp for Sudanese refugees, killing an undetermined number of people and destroying equipment and supplies. Authorities have found 30 more bodies at a refugee camp attacked and burned by rebels in northern Uganda, bringing the death toll to 55.
    (AP, 8/5/02)(AP, 8/7/02)
2002        Aug 5, The Vatican excommunicated 7 women who claimed to have been recently ordained as priests, because they had attacked the fundamental structure of the Catholic Church. The 7 women, from Germany, Austria and the United States, had defied an earlier Vatican warning to repent over their participation in a June 29 ceremony which they claimed made them priests.
    (AP, 8/6/02)(WSJ, 8/6/02, p.A1)

2003        Aug 5, US Episcopal leaders approved New Hampshire bishop-elect Rev. Gene Robinson as the church's first openly gay bishop.
    (SFC, 8/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 5, A powerful car bomb exploded in an apparent suicide attack outside the Marriott hotel in downtown Jakarta, killing 10 people and wounding 149, including two Americans. The head of Asmar Latin Sani (28), the suicide bomber, landed on the 5th floor of the hotel.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(SFC, 8/7/03, p.A3)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 5, Catalino "Tite" Curet Alonso (77), a Puerto Rican composer who wrote nearly 2,000 dance songs and ballads, died in Baltimore.
    (AP, 8/6/03)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A15)

2004        Aug 5, Pres. Bush signed a $417.5 billion wartime defense bill.
    (SFC, 8/6/04, p.A16)
2004        Aug 5, Patrick Ryan (52), New York City's director of ferries, pleaded not guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter in the October 15, 2003, wreck of the Andrew J. Barberi Staten Island ferry. Ryan later pleaded guilty to negligent manslaughter.
    (AP, 8/5/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Staten_Island_Ferry_crash)
2004        Aug 5, John Forney (42), Enron energy trader, pleaded guilty in SF to charges of fraud and plotting to manipulate the market during the 2000-2001 California energy crises.
    (SFC, 8/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 5, Alabama executed James Hubbard (74) by lethal injection for the 1977 murder of Lillian Montgomery (62). The 2-time killer was the oldest inmate executed in the US since 1941, when James Stephens of Colorado was executed at age 76. The oldest person executed in the 20th century was 83-year-old Joe Lee of Virginia in 1916.
    (www.clarkprosecutor.org/html/death/US/hubbard922.htm)(WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A1)(SFC, 8/6/04, p.A2)
2004        Aug 4, The Georgia men's basketball team was placed on four years' probation for rules violations under former coach Jim Harrick.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2004        Aug 5, David Hicks, Australian terror suspect held at the Guantanamo Bay base in Cuba, signed an affidavit stating: "Interrogators once offered me the services of a prostitute for 15 minutes if I would spy on other detainees." Hicks documented a number of physical abuses.
    (Reuters, 12/9/04)
2004        Aug 4, Two-year-old twins from the Philippines born with the tops of their heads fused together were separated at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2004        Aug 5, A bomb exploded in the parking lot of a hotel in northeastern Bangladesh city where the opposition-backed mayor was holding a meeting, wounding at least 50 people.
    (AP, 8/7/04)
2004        Aug 5, The death toll from monsoons in Bangladesh and India reached 1,823.
    (SFC, 8/5/04, p.A10)
2004        Aug 5, In eastern France a predawn fire swept through an equestrian school, killing seven teenagers and possibly two adults.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2004        Aug 5, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called on his supporters to rise against US-led security forces. Fighting quickly spread to other Shiite areas, threatening a shaky two-month-old truce. Insurgents blew up a bomb in a minibus and opened fire on a crowd outside a police station south of Baghdad, killing at least five people and wounding 21.
    (AP, 8/5/04)(SFC, 8/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 5, A Pakistan army helicopter crashed amid the al Qaeda hunt and 13 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 5, A helicopter conducting a forest survey crashed in northern Siberia after apparent engine trouble, killing all 15-16 people aboard.
    (AP, 8/5/04)
2004        Aug 5, Yemeni officials said its army has launched a major offensive to quash a rebellion in the northern mountains. About 50 soldiers and rebels have been killed in the two days of fighting.
    (AP, 8/5/04)

2005        Aug 5, VP Dick Cheney, accompanied by former President George H.W. Bush and former Secretary of State Colin Powell, paid respects to new Saudi King Abdullah (81).
    (AP, 8/5/05)(Econ, 8/6/05, p.10)
2005        Aug 5, US military sources said a California Army National Guard Unit charged unauthorized “rent" to Iraqi-owned businesses inside Baghdad’s Green Zone to raise money for a “soldiers fund."
    (SFC, 8/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 5, The NCAA announced it would shut American Indian nicknames and images out of postseason tournaments.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2005        Aug 5, Hunter Kelly (8), whose battle with a nervous system disease inspired a fundraising crusade by his father, Football Hall of Famer Jim Kelly, died in Orchard Park, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2005        Aug 5, PM Tony Blair announced strict new measures that would allow Britain to deport foreigners who preach hatred, sponsor violence or belong to extremist groups.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, A CN Rail freight trail derailed about 30 kilometers north of Squamish, BC, sending 9 cars plunging into the Cheakamus River canyon and causing a toxic spill. One of the derailed cars was loaded with about 51,000 liters of sodium hydroxide, a highly corrosive liquid.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 5, China’s government said Ching Cheong, a Hong-Kong based reporter, has been charged with spying for Taiwan. China accusing him of obtaining huge amounts of classified information under an alias.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, Baidu.com, a Chinese search engine, went public on Nasdaq and closed up 354% at $122.54. it was named after a 900-year-old Song Dynasty love poem about the search for a beautiful woman.
    (SFC, 8/6/05, p.C1)(Econ, 8/13/05, p.50)
2005        Aug 5, Haiti’s American ambassador said the US will provide Haitian police with firearms and tear gas to aid the fight against militants ahead of elections this fall.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, India's PM Manmohan Singh took charge of a nationwide program to save the endangered Bengal tiger, the national animal that experts say is threatened by poachers and angry villagers.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, European negotiators offered Iran long term support for its civilian nuclear program, including access to nuclear fuel, in exchange for a binding commitment not to develop atomic weapons. Iran rejected the offer.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, In Indonesia Denver-based mining giant Newmont went on trial in a high-profile legal battle over charges its Indonesian unit, Newmont Minahasa Raya, dumped toxic waste and polluted Buyat Bay in North Sulawesi, causing health problems to residents.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, US and Iraqi troops repelled a series of coordinated insurgent attacks in southern Baghdad, killing six rebels and capturing 12. At nearly the same time, a suicide attacker drove a truck loaded with explosives into a nearby Iraqi army checkpoint, killing an Iraqi soldier. A suicide car bomber tried to attack another Iraqi position in the area, but a US tank fired and hit the car, killing the driver and causing the car bomb to explode prematurely.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 5, It was reported that 3 men linked to the Irish Republican Army, who were convicted of training rebels in Colombia, have returned surreptitiously to Ireland, eight months after going on the run. Colombia demanded their extradition.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, Police in Kashmir detained at least 10 protesters as hundreds demonstrated against the death sentence handed out to a Kashmiri Muslim for a raid on the country's parliament four years ago.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, The UN appealed for $80 million to fight a food crisis threatening the lives of hundreds of thousands in Niger.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, Russia's Agriculture ministry said bird flu has been officially confirmed in two more Russian regions, and the disease may also be spreading in Northern Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 8/5/05)
2005        Aug 5, A Russian Priz AS-28 mini-submarine carrying 7 sailors snagged on a fishing net and was stuck 625 feet down on the Pacific floor off the Kamchatka Peninsula. It had only enough air for crewmen to survive one day. The US was rushing an unmanned vehicle there to help in rescue efforts.
    (AP, 8/5/05)(SFC, 8/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 5, In southeastern Turkey Kurdish rebels killed 5 Turkish soldiers in a rocket attack.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

2006        Aug 5, The late Reggie White was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame along with Troy Aikman, Warren Moon, John Madden, Rayfield Wright and Harry Carson.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2006        Aug 5, In Oakland, Ca., CHP Officer Brent Clearman (33) was critically wounded at the 66th Ave. on-ramp in a hit-and-run incident. Clearman died the next day of his severe injuries. Russell Rodrigues (47) surrendered on August 7, 2006, and pleaded guilty to felony hit-and-run charges on September 26, 2006. He faced up to 4 years in prison.
    (SFC, 9/27/06, p.B7)(www.porac.org/lineofduty6.html)
2006        Aug 5, Susan Butcher (51), four-time Iditarod champion, died in Seattle, Wa. In 1986 she became the Alaska race's second female winner and brought increased national attention to its grueling competition.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 5, Afghan and NATO forces aided by air strikes killed 17 Taliban in southern Afghanistan. A NATO soldier was killed and three were injured when their armored jeep crashed in Kandahar province. Taliban attacked a police patrol in southern Ghazni province overnight which left an intelligence official and a rebel killed and two police wounded.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(AFP, 8/5/06)(AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 5, The US and France reached agreement on a UN Security Council resolution aimed at ending the fighting between Israel and Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Thousands marched through London to demand a halt to the Lebanon war as the British government tried to deflect criticism that it has failed to call for an immediate ceasefire.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Marie Stopes International hosted Europe's first "Masturbate-a-thon" with the HIV/AIDS charity the Terrence Higgins Trust. It expected up to 200 people to attend the sponsored masturbation session in Clerkenwell, central London.
    (Reuters, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Floyd Landis was fired by his team and the Tour de France no longer considered him its champion after his second doping sample tested positive for higher-than-allowable levels of testosterone. Landis maintained his innocence.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2006        Aug 5, In Iraq 2 members of Saddam's former regime were shot dead in separate incidents. A US soldier died in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Israeli naval commandos battled with Hezbollah in the southern port city of Tyre, while a guerrilla rocket killed a soldier in clashes on the border and Israeli raids left at least eight people dead in multiple strikes across the country. The Lebanese government's Higher Relief Council said 907 Lebanese had been killed in the conflict. 75 Israelis have been killed, 45 soldiers and 30 civilians.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Israel pressed ahead with its incursion into the southern Gaza Strip as airstrikes killed 5 Palestinians, including a mother and her 2 children. Tanks rolled to the edge of Rafah.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Mexico's top electoral court rejected a full recount in the disputed presidential election, ordering a 9% partial count instead, angering leftist protesters camped in the capital demanding a new vote-by-vote tally over their fraud allegations.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(WSJ, 8/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 5, A minister said Nepal plans to seize lands owned by King Gyanendra and other royal family members and distribute them to the poor as it moves toward treating the monarch like a "normal citizen."
    (AFP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, In northwestern Pakistan a bridge collapsed amid heavy rains, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Interfax news said Russian police have detained the husband of a museum curator and a 2nd person suspected of stealing hundreds of artworks from St. Petersburg’s Hermitage Museum.
    (Reuters, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Russia's state-controlled arms trader and top aircraft maker criticized Washington for imposing sanctions on them over dealings with Iran. The defense ministry said the move reflected US annoyance at arms sales to Venezuela. A Russian rocket carrying US telecommunications equipment blasted off, 10 days after another rocket carrying 18 satellites crashed after launch.
    (AP, 8/5/06)
2006        Aug 5, Sri Lankan soldiers retook control of Muttur after six days of fighting Tamil rebels there, and the military urged thousands of displaced civilians to return.
    (AP, 8/5/06)

2007        Aug 5, President Bush and Afghan President Hamid Karzai began meeting at Camp David to discuss security issues in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2007        Aug 5, Scientists reported that the skin condition called rosacea is caused by an abundance of abnormal cathelicidin skin proteins.
    (SFC, 8/6/07, p.A10)
2007        Aug 5, Comedian Stanley Myron Handelman (b.1929) died in Panorama City, Calif.
    (AP, 8/5/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Myron_Handelman)
2007        Aug 5, In Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed when a remotely detonated mine tore through their vehicle in the eastern province of Kunar. A gunfight, which began the previous evening, left two policemen dead and two others wounded. At least four militants were killed. A roadside bomb typical of those deployed by the Taliban killed two Afghan civilians in the southern province of Kandahar. A policeman was killed in an overnight attack on his post by several Taliban rebels. Four police officers were killed in the southern province of Logar just south of the capital Kabul when they were ambushed on patrol overnight.
    (AFP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 5, Colombia's navy seized a 65-foot submarine that likely was used to haul tons of cocaine on part of its journey to the United States. The blue-colored, diesel-powered vessel had sophisticated communications systems and was capable of carrying up to 11 tons of cocaine.
    (AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 5, Two boxers (Guillermo Rigondeaux (25), Cuba's top boxer and a two-time Olympic bantamweight champion, and Erislandy Lara (24), an amateur welterweight world champion) deported by Brazil were back in Cuba after they disappeared during the Pan American Games last month and were arrested at a resort where officials said they partied and ran up an exorbitant bill.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 5, The last men of a Danish battalion of 450 ground troops left Iraq.
    (AFP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 5, A group of armed, masked men burst into a museum in the southern French city of Nice and made off with a painting by French master Claude Monet and two others by Flemish artist Pieter Brueghel. The paintings were recovered on June 4, 2008, in a sting operation that captured 3 men near Marseilles.
    (AP, 8/5/07)(AP, 6/5/08)(WSJ, 8/22/08, p.W1)
2007        Aug 5, French Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger (80) died. He was a Jew who converted to Catholicism and rose through church hierarchy to become one of the most influential Roman Catholic figures in France.
    (AP, 8/5/07)(Econ, 8/18/07, p.76)
2007        Aug 5, Iran showed off for the first time a new fighter jet said to be modeled on the American F-5 but built using domestic technology. The "Azarakhsh" (Lightning) jet, one of the first to be home-produced by Iran, made a successful flight in the central city of Isfahan.
    (AFP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 5, The US military said 80 suspected insurgents were detained in US and Iraqi raids in the Samarra area over the past week. 13 people were killed and 14 wounded by mortar shells in southeast Baghdad. 6 gunmen were killed and ten others arrested during clashes with Iraqi soldiers in Mosul. Fierce fighting was reported in northwest Baghdad around midday between Iraqi soldiers and members of the Mahdi Army. 60 bodies were found in a mainly Sunni area that had been under the control of al-Qaida in Iraq west of Baqouba. At least 29 people were killed or found dead in other parts of Iraq. The US military said its troops killed 4 suspects and detained 7 others in operations across the country targeting al-Qaida in Iraq. A US soldier was killed and two were wounded during fighting in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/5/07)(AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 5, Army and police patrols stood guard as thousands of Lebanese went to polling stations to vote in a key election to replace two assassinated lawmakers. A little-known opposition candidate defeated a former president in a tense parliament by-election that showed the divisions among Lebanon's once-dominant Christians. Pro-Syrian Parliament speaker Nabih Berri has said he would not recognize the results of the two by-elections because they were called by what he and the rest of the opposition consider an illegitimate government. The by-elections were held despite the refusal of the president, Lahoud, to approve them, as required.
    (AP, 8/5/07)(AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 5, Jose Guadalupe Osuna (51) of Mexico’s National Action Party won the elections for governor in Baha California. He defeated PRI candidate Jorge Hank, a former mayor of Tijuana and self-proclaimed billionaire with links to organized crime.
    (SFC, 8/7/07, p.A9)
2007        Aug 5, Mozambique state radio said authorities had seized thousands of boxes of counterfeit toothpaste that they fear may contain a potentially deadly chemical.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 5, In Nigeria 18 men were arrested in remote northern Bauchi state, where they were found with women's apparel as they prepared for a gay wedding. They faced charges of sodomy in a Nigerian Islamic court. They were accused of lesser crimes in court but angry crowds reacted violently. Three weeks later they were rearrested and charged with more severe crimes including indecent acts and faced 10 years in jail if found guilty.
    (AP, 8/10/07)(Econ, 10/13/07, p.49)
2007        Aug 5, A junior partner in Poland's ruling coalition said it was pulling out of the partnership and withdrawing its two ministers from government in a move that could set the scene for early legislative elections.
    (AFP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 5, Florian Pittis (63), Romanian actor and folk musician, died of cancer. He helped popularize Western rock bands in communist Romania.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 5, Darfur's fractious rebel groups held a third day of reconciliation talks in Tanzania in a bid to present a united front at future peace talks with Khartoum.
    (AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 5, An official said Turkey's secular military expelled 10 officers for being "reactionary," a euphemism for Islamist activities, along with 13 others accused of lack of discipline.
    (AP, 8/5/07)

2008        Aug 5, President Bush got a mixed reception in South Korea at the start of his three-nation Asian trip. About 30,000 people gathered in front of Seoul City Hall for an afternoon Christian prayer service supporting Bush's trip. As evening approached police fired water cannons at an estimated 20,000 anti-Bush protesters gathered nearby.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, The US Energy Department said that even if no new reactors are built, getting rid of the country's nuclear waste will cost $96.2 billion and require a major expansion of the planned Nevada waste dump beyond limits imposed by Congress.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, The US government charged 11 people with stealing tens of millions of credit and debit card numbers from major retailers including TJX Cos Inc, in one of the largest reported identity-theft incidents on record.
    (Reuters, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, The US General Accounting Office predicted Iraq could finish the year with as much as a $79 billion cumulative budget surplus due to the influx of oil revenues. The GAO estimated that Iraqi oil revenues from 2005 through the end of this year will amount to at least $156 billion.
    (AP, 8/7/08)
2008        Aug 5, Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani woman once identified as a possible al-Qaida associate, was extradited from Afghanistan and arraigned in New York on charges that she tried to kill US agents and military officers. Siddiqui was educated at Brandeis and MIT and fled to Pakistan after 9/11 because of anti-Muslim sentiment. She and her children dropped out of sight in March 2003, after 9/11 mastermind Khalid sheikh Mohammed mentioned her name during an interrogation. She was arrested by Afghan police on July 17, who found recipes for explosives and descriptions of New York landmarks in her handbag. Siddiqui is the wife of Ammar al-Baluchi, a nephew of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who was believed to be the chief planner of the Sep 11, 2001, attacks.
    (SFC, 8/6/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A7)(SSFC, 8/24/08, p.A5)
2008        Aug 5, Texas executed Jose Medellin (33) for the 1993 rape and killing of two teenage girls in Houston. Mexico protested the execution, which took place despite a world court ruling for a new hearing, and expressed concern for the rights of other Mexicans detained in the US. On Jan 19, 2009, the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that the US defied its order when authorities in Texas last year executed a Mexican convicted of rape and murder.
    (AP, 8/6/08)(AP, 1/19/09)
2008        Aug 5, John A. "Junior" Gotti (44) was arrested at his Long Island home on charges linking him to three New York murders. In 1999 Junior Gotti pleaded guilty to racketeering crimes including bribery, extortion, gambling and fraud. He was sentenced to 77 months in prison and was released in 2005.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, The Chinese Embassy in Washington revoked the visa of Joey Cheek, 2006 Olympic gold medalist, effectively barring the speedskating champion from the 2008 Olympics. Cheek had co-founded Team Darfur, an organization of athletes attempting to draw attention to human rights violations in Darfur.
    (SFC, 8/6/08, p.A8)
2008        Aug 5, In California 9 firefighters were killed and 4 injured when their helicopter crashed after battling a blaze in Trinity County. Investigators in 2010 concluded that lax federal oversight and Carson Helicopter’s decision to underestimate the craft’s weight led to the crash.
    (SFC, 8/7/08, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/10, p.C7)
2008        Aug 5, A magnitude 6.0 earthquake rocked the western Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Gansu, killing one person and injuring 23 near the site of May's devastating quake that killed at least 70,000 people.
    (Reuters, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, Wildlife researchers said they have discovered some 125,000 western lowland gorillas deep in the forests of the Republic of Congo.
    (WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A10)
2008        Aug 5, The EU said it will give Haiti $4.6 million to help pay for food in the world's poorest country.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, In Iran Ali Kordan was narrowly approved as the new interior minister. An honorary Oxford degree that he cited was soon disclosed as a fake.
    (SFC, 8/14/08, p.A11)
2008        Aug 5, It was reported that Muqtada al-Sadr planned to reorganize his Mahdi Army militia into a social services organization. Gunmen killed Sheik Ibrahim al-Karbouli, a senior leader of a US-allied Sunni group, and six of his guards in an ambush in Youssifiyah. Police also discovered the bodies of three awakening council members who were abducted several days ago. Roadside bombings also killed another person and wounded a dozen, in a second consecutive day of bombings in the capital.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, In Japan 4 people were missing after being washed away by a surge of sewage water while working in a manhole in downtown Tokyo.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, In Montenegro 4 Michigan residents were among 12 ethnic Albanians convicted of plotting a rebellion to carve out a homeland within the tiny Balkan republic.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, Officials in Pakistan said floods triggered by heavy monsoon rains have destroyed thousands of homes and caused at least 27 deaths in the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, Rwanda formally accused senior French officials of involvement in its 1994 genocide.
    (Reuters, 8/5/08)
 2008        Aug 5, Serbia's war crimes prosecutor's office indicted Branko Grujic and Branko Popovic in the 1992 killing of about 700 Muslims in eastern Bosnia. The killings took place near the town of Zvornik on the border with Bosnia.
    (AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, In Turkey an oil pipeline that has allowed the West to tap the rich fields of Azerbaijan, bypassing Iran and Russia, was set on fire. A Kurdish rebel organization later admitted sabotaging the pipeline.
    (AP, 8/7/08)
2008        Aug 5, The UN said heavy rains and storms have led to some of the worst floods in 40 years in parts of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania since July 22, causing great damage to homes, infrastructure and farmland. In Ukraine, 34 people have been killed in the west of the country along the Dnestr and Prut rivers; in Moldova, three people are reported to have drowned in the capital Chisinau; in Romania five people have been killed.
    (AFP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, Venezuela's Supreme Court ruled that a list barring hundreds of candidates suspected of corruption from running in elections is constitutional, despite complaints that it singles out opponents of President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 8/5/08)

2009        Aug 5, Euna Lee (36) and Laura Ling (32), American journalists freed by North Korea, returned home to the United States along with former Pres. Clinton for a jubilant, emotional reunion with family members and friends they hadn't seen since their arrests on March 17.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 5, Federal jurors in Alexandria, Va., convicted former Louisiana Rep. William Jefferson on 11 0f 16 counts that included bribery, racketeering and money laundering. The next day jurors said Jefferson must forfeit $470,000 in bribery receipts. On Nov 13 he was sentenced to 13 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/6/09, p.A6)(SFC, 8/7/09, p.A5)(SFC, 11/14/09, p.A7)
2009        Aug 5, In Arizona Brenda Arenas (15), was shot in the head during a botched carjacking in Tucson. She died in her mother's arms soon after the attack. Her 3-year-old sister watched the crime from the backseat of the car. On Jan 29, 2011, Orel Vasquez (20) Christian Vasquez (26), and Juan Leon (29) approached a border crossing point at Nogales and told US officers they were wanted for the shooting and were turning themselves in.
    (Reuters, 1/30/11)
2009        Aug 5, Outraged southern Afghan villagers said that a pre-dawn airstrike by foreign troops killed three children and a man in the latest case of civilian deaths at the hands of Western troops. A US military spokeswoman said a helicopter had fired on four insurgents carrying jugs on motorcycles through a field away from a populated area of the local district, Arghandab. In eastern Nangarhar province a roadside bomb killed two tribal elders and four armed guards. Across southern Afghanistan roadside explosions and a US airstrike killed at least 15 people, including members of a family who hit a mine on their way to a wedding party.
    (AP, 8/5/09)(AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 5, Australian police charged four men with planning to attack an army base and shoot soldiers as the government considered whether to ban a Somalia militant group linked to the plot.
    (Reuters, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 5, In Colombia David Murcia Guzman, a Colombian businessman, was convicted in a notorious pyramid scheme that authorities say bilked investors out of more than $2.4 billion. Guzman was convicted of money laundering and illegal wealth accumulation through the company he founded, DMG Group Holdings SA. A New York court has sought his extradition. Murcia was extradited to the US on Jan 5, 2009.
    (AP, 8/5/09)(AP, 1/5/10)
2009        Aug 5, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was sworn in for a second term as Iran's president while security forces battled hundreds of protesters chanting "Death to the Dictator" in the streets around parliament where the ceremony was held.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 5, Amos Kenan (b.1927), Israeli artist and writer, died in Tel Aviv. As a member of Israel's founding generation his writing and art helped define modern Israeli culture. Kenan was party to several efforts to create an alliance with the Palestinians. He helped pen a 1957 manifesto calling for the creation of a Palestinian state in federation with Israel at a time when few Israelis acknowledged the Palestinians' existence as a national group.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 5, In Nairobi, Kenya, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton criticized Kenya for rampant graft and corruption as she made the case that business and trade across Africa cannot grow without good governance and solid democracy.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 5, In Mexico 5 bodies, one of them headless, were found in a van in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. US Sen. Patrick Leahy a Democrat from Vermont, delayed the release of $100 million of a $1.4 billion, three-year package meant to help Mexico combat drug traffickers. Leahy said Mexico needs effective police forces and a justice system that works.
    (AP, 8/5/09)
2009        Aug 5, In Pakistan the 2nd wife of Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud was killed in a US drone attack targeting her husband at a home in the tribal belt near the Afghan border. Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud was also killed in the US missile strike in South Waziristan. He had led a violent campaign of suicide attacks and assassinations against the Pakistani government. News of his death was not made public until 2 days later.
    (AFP, 8/5/09)(AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 5, In South Korea helicopter-borne police commandos fought militant strikers at the Ssangyong Motor Co.’s Pyeongtaek factory, seizing all but one key building.
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 5, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez said his government will buy dozens of Russian tanks because Venezuela feels threatened by a pending deal for the US military to increase its presence in neighboring Colombia.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 5, Zimbabwe's veteran Vice-President Joseph Msika (86) died. His death was expected to reignite debate over who will eventually succeed President Robert Mugabe.
    (Reuters, 8/5/09)

2010        Aug 5, The US Senate voted 63-37 to confirm Elena Kagan (b.1960) to the Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A5)
2010        Aug 5, US federal indictments were unsealed in Alabama, California and Minnesota charging 14 people with terrorism offenses for allegedly aiding the radical Islamist al-Shaba organization in Somalia.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A8)
2010        Aug 5, In Missouri 2 people, a pickup driver and a 15-year-old student on a bus, were killed and 38 others were injured in an accident on the interstate highway near Gray Summit. In 2011 it was reported that a pickup driver (19) was texting just before his pickup truck, two school buses and a tractor truck collided in the deadly pileup.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2010        Aug 5, A federal judge in Montana reinstated protections for wolves in Montana and Idaho.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A5)
2010        Aug 5, The US Export-Import Bank unveiled a loan guarantee for Ford Motor Co that will finance $3.1 billion in exports of cars and trucks to customers in Canada and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, Extreme temperatures in a large swath of the US left over a dozen people dead.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A5)
2010        Aug 5, Afghan Pres. Karzai departed to attend a summit held among the presidents of host country Iran, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. Following the summit Feda Hussein Maliki, Iran’s ambassador to Afghanistan, handed Umar Daudzai, Karzai’s chief of staff, a large plastic bag stuffed with euro bills. The money was part of a secret stream of Iranian cash to buy the loyalty of Daudzai and promote Iran’s interests in Afghanistan’s presidential palace. It was later reported that Daudzai owns at least 6 homes located in Dubai, in the UAR and in Vancouver, Canada.
    (SSFC, 10/24/10, p.A8)
2010        Aug 5, In northern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck a convoy of NATO troops and Afghan police, killing seven police officers and wounding at least 11 people. 9 civilians were killed by a remote-controlled bomb in the Bar Kunar district of Kunar province. 3 civilians were killed and others were wounded in a different blast in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province. In the south, Malak Janan, a tribal chief in Kandahar province's Dand district, and his son were killed when gunmen entered their home and shot them. 10 members of a medical team were shot and killed by militants as they were returning from providing eye treatment and other health care in remote villages.
    (AP, 8/5/10)(AP, 8/6/10)(AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 5, Bolivia's leftist government said it has begun military training for civilians at army barracks in what the opposition called a first step toward creating pro-government militias.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, In northern Chile the collapse of a small mine left 33 miners trapped, though they could have taken refuge in an underground shelter with oxygen and food. On Aug 9 Pres. Pinera pleaded for int’l. help to rescue the miners. Rescue efforts reached the miners on Aug 22, it could take months to carve a tunnel big enough for them to get out. On Feb 2, 2011, a congressional commission found gold and copper mine owners Alejandro Bohn and Marcelo Kemeny responsible for the accident that left the miners trapped for 69 days. In 2014 Hector Tobar authored “Deep Down Dark: The Untold Stories of 33 Men Buried in a Chilean Mine and the Miracle that Set Them Free."
    (Reuters, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)(SFC, 3/3/11, p.A2)(SSFC, 10/19/14, p.Q4)
2010        Aug 5, Haitian hip-hop star Wyclef Jean registered as a presidential contender, in a move into politics that generated an outburst of popular enthusiasm in his poor, earthquake-ravaged homeland.
    (Reuters, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 5, In Iraq gunmen stormed a Baghdad money exchange and killed three people, the latest in recent brash daylight attacks on banks, financial and trade centers in the Iraqi capital, many of which have been blamed on insurgents.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, Israel’s Shin Bet security service reported that two Druse Arabs living in the Golan Heights and an Arab citizen of Israel were charged with passing information to the enemy and plotting to kidnap a Syrian pilot who had defected to Israel.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the death toll from civil unrest rose to 48 after two more people were killed when paramilitary forces opened fire on demonstrators angry about decades of Indian rule over the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, Kyrgyzstan government forces fired into the air to disperse hundreds of anti-government forces and arrested Urmat Baryktabasov, leader of the Mekin-Tuu political party, backed by the family of former Pres. Bakiyev.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 5, In the Netherlands Naomi Campbell testified before a war crimes tribunal that she had received some "dirty-looking stones" after a 1997 dinner party with former Liberian ruler Charles Taylor. Still, the supermodel said she didn't know if the stones were actually diamonds or if the gift came from Taylor himself. Campbell said that she gave the stones to a friend, Jeremy Ratcliffe, who was the director of the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, intending he use them for charity.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, Pakistan began evacuating half a million people from flood-risk areas in the south as the overall number hit by the country's worst floods in living memory rose to more than four million. US Army choppers flew their first relief missions in the flood-ravaged northwest.
    (AFP, 8/5/10)(AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, In the southern Philippines a powerful bombing killed a man and wounded about a dozen other people including a provincial governor at the Zamboanga city airport.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, In Russia wildfires were raging close to a shelter housing hundreds of dogs and retired circus animals, as the death toll from weeks of blazes across the country rose to 50.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Aug 5, Somali pirates seized the Syria Star, a freighter with 22 Syrian and 2 Egyptian crew members in the lawless waters of the Gulf of Aden, in the 2nd pirate capture this week.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 5, In Tanzania 20 school children were feared drowned and 20 rescued after a boat they were traveling in capsized on the Tanzanian side of Lake Victoria.
    (AP, 8/6/10)

2011        Aug 5, The United States lost its top-tier AAA credit rating from Standard & Poor's in an unprecedented blow to the world's largest economy in the wake of a political battle that took the country to the brink of default. S&P cut the long-term US credit rating by one notch to AA-plus on concerns about the government's budget deficit and rising debt burden.
    (Reuters, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, The US Postal Service posted a net loss of $3.1 billion in its third quarter and warned again it would default on payments to the federal government if Congress did not step in. USPS cut work hours during the quarter by 3.1 percent compared to the previous year, when quarterly net losses were $3.5 billion.
    (Reuters, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, A US federal jury convicted five current or former police officers in deadly shootings on a New Orleans bridge after Hurricane Katrina, a high-profile victory for the Justice Department in its push to clean up the city's troubled police department.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, Wells Fargo said it reached a $590 million settlement with plaintiffs who claimed that Wachovia corp. had misled investors. Wells Fargo acquired Wachovia in 2008.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 5, In Florida NASA launched an unmanned Atlas rocket carrying a sun-powered robotic explorer named Juno into space on a 5-year mission to Jupiter.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 5, In southern Afghanistan insurgents opened fire on police at an anti-NATO rally in Qalat, Zabul province, sparking a gunbattle that killed three civilians and a police officer. The townspeople were protesting an overnight NATO operation that killed 3 suspected insurgents, including a local Taliban commander. NATO said insurgents killed 2 alliance service members. In the east a CH-47 military helicopter crashed killing 30 US special operation troops, an interpreter and 7 Afghan commandos. The Taliban claimed they downed the helicopter with rocket fire while it was taking part in a raid on a house where insurgents were gathered in Wardak province. In southern Helmand province NATO troops attacked a house and inadvertently killed eight members of a family, including women and children. A British coalition service member was killed in the south.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Chilean police arrested 874 people during student protests that left 90 officers injured.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 5, Egyptian army troops wielding batons and firing in the air dispersed dozens of activists holding a traditional Ramadan meal in Cairo's central Tahrir square.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Guinea-Bissau thousands took to the streets of Bissau for the third rally in three weeks to demand the resignation of PM Carlos Gomes Junior, who is accused of hindering an assassination probe.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Haiti Jean-Claude Bajeux (79), a former culture minister, scholar and steadfast human rights activist who targeted both Haiti's long-ruling family dictatorship and the governments that followed, died.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, India's top court allowed limited resumption of iron ore mining in Karnataka state that was suspended a week ago following revelations of a $3.6-billion mining fraud.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Iraq 4 prisoners and a guard were killed in clashes at a prison in the central city of Hilla, during which 8 inmates escaped.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Libya's rebels said they have reports that Moammar Gadhafi's youngest son, was killed in a NATO airstrike in the western town of Zlitan. Khamis Gadhafi (27) commanded one of the regime's strongest military brigades. He was reportedly among 32 troops killed when NATO hit a government operations center. Deputy Foreign Minister Khaled Kaim said Khamis is alive. NATO reportedly struck and destroyed a caravan of camels carrying heavy caliber machine guns, mortars and ammunition from neighboring Chad. State television later said 33 children and 32 women were among 85 people killed in the NATO attack.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)(AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Mexico 7 armed assailants, clad in military uniforms and armed with AK-47s, were killed in a shootout with federal police in Michoacan state. In Acapulco three homes in separate neighborhoods were burned down with gasoline bombs. 8 men and one woman were killed in separate incidents in Acapulco, including slayings at two restaurants and a bus station. In one case, the dismembered body of a man was found in an abandoned car. Police arrested five members of a kidnapping and extortion ring that operated in the Mexico City region including gang leader Eduardo Sanchez Zuniga, nicknamed "El Bla Bla." The gang was known for leaving the heads of pigs outside homes and businesses as a warning. 3 indigenous Triqui activists were shot to death near Agua Fria Copala in Oaxaca state.
    (AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 5, Nigerian officials said the government has taken over management of three banks rescued under a major 2009 bailout amid concerns over their ability to recapitalize by a September 30 deadline.
    (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, In the Norwegian Arctic archipelago of Svalbard a polar bear mauled one person to death and left four other members of a British youth expeditions group seriously injured.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, In Poland Andrzej Lepper (57), a pig farmer-turned-firebrand populist who was briefly deputy prime minister (2006-2007) in a shaky government and who was later disgraced by bribery and sex scandals, was found dead in what police suspected to be a suicide.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Somali government troops opened fire on hungry civilians, killing at least seven people, as both groups made a grab for food at a UN distribution site in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 8/5/11)
2011        Aug 5, Sudan’s foreign ministry said it has blocked a shipment of southern oil after Juba refused to pay customs fees, escalating a row between the two sides, with the south accusing Khartoum of sabotaging its economy. The ship was released the next day but negotiations over transit fees remained stalled.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Syrian security forces opened fire on protesters, killing at least four in the Damascus suburb of Arbeen, as tens of thousands poured into streets across the country, chanting for the fall of President Bashar Assad. The six-day-old assault on Hama has killed at least 100 people. At least 24 civilians were reported killed, most of them in Damascus suburbs when security forces opened fire during daytime protests and late night demonstrations following evening Ramadan prayers. 5 people were reported killed in Hama and its surrounding countryside.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 5, Ukraine police arrested former PM Yulia Tymoshenko during her abuse-of-office trial for violations of court procedures.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 5, Yemeni government forces clashed with supporters of a powerful tribe in central Sanaa, forcing residents to flee the area in fear of further fighting.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2012        Aug 5, The LA Times reported that internal documents from the Boy Scouts of America reveal more than 125 cases in which men suspected of molestation allegedly continued to abuse Scouts, despite a blacklist meant to protect boys from sexual predators.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A gunman opened fire in a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wis., and killed six people. He was identified as Army veteran Wade Michael Page (40). Page, a self-described member of the “Hammerskins Nation" of skinheads, died after shooting himself in the head during an exchange of gunfire with a wounded police officer outside the temple.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)(SFC, 8/7/12, p.A4)(SFC, 8/9/12, p.A12)
2012        Aug 5, In Afghanistan NATO forces killed Sher Mohammad Hakimi, a leader of the Haqqani insurgent group, in an airstrike in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, Some 500,000 Angolans flocked to the Catholic shrine of Muxima in the southern African country's largest pilgrimage.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, China’s Xinhua news reported that authorities have detained nearly 2,000 people in recent weeks as part of nationwide crackdown on the sale of counterfeit drugs.
    (SFC, 8/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 5, In Egypt some 35 suspected Islamists attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula near Rafah, killing 16 soldiers before stealing two of their vehicles and bursting through a security fence into Israel. 8 militants were killed by Israeli forces who struck from the air, as well as with tanks and artillery.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/8/12)
2012        Aug 5, Iran appealed for help from governments with ties to the Syrian opposition in securing the release of 48 of its nationals seized from a bus in Damascus. Rebel captors charged that their hostages were Revolutionary Guards.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, Iranian state television broadcast purported confessions by more than a dozen suspects in connection with the killing of five nuclear scientists since 2010.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Ivory Coast gunmen killed five soldiers in twin attacks on a police station and an army post in Abidjan's Yopougon district.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Libya three men suspected of planning bomb attacks were killed in a sting operation outside the capital. Armed assailants laid siege to a residence of Red Cross staff in the western Libyan city of Misrata, causing major damage to the building.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Malaysia a three-year-old girl suffocated in a suspected exorcism ritual. A court on Aug 17 charged seven family members, including the parents, over her death.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Mali radio presenter Abdoul Malick Maiga was badly beaten by Islamists occupying the northern town of Gao after he reported on a protest in which they were stopped from cutting off a thief's hand.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, Mexican singer Chavela Vargas (b.1919) died in Cuernavaca. She defied gender stereotypes to become one of the most legendary singers in Mexico.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Myanmar renewed violence between Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya left 3 people dead, amid growing international concern about the sectarian unrest. The fighting in western Rakhine state has killed 80 people from both sides since June.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 5, In northeastern Nigeria a suicide bomber rammed his car into a military patrol in the city of Damaturu, killing at least 6 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, In Pakistan a suspected militant killed himself, two children and a woman on the outskirts of Quetta when a bomb in the car he was driving exploded before he reached his intended target.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A Palestinian man was killed and another wounded in an Israeli drone strike on Rafah in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli army confirmed the strike, naming the wounded man as Ahmed Said Ismail, who "was among those responsible for the execution of the terror attack adjacent to the Israel-Egypt border, in which an Israeli civilian was killed, on June 18, 2012."
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, A key meeting of Non-Aligned Movement ministers which was to have taken place in the West Bank was cancelled after Israel denied five of them entry. Foreign ministers from the 13 countries belonging to NAM's Palestine Committee were to have signed the so-called "Ramallah Declaration" in support of a Palestinian bid to upgrade their UN status from observer to non-member state.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, Sudan’s state-linked media said 2 Sudanese soldiers were killed when the army moved in to restore order in Darfur’s Kutum town after unrest that followed the killing in an ambush of a local official.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 5, The Syrian army pounded rebel positions in second city Aleppo ahead of a threatened ground assault after boasting its capture of the last rebel-held district of the capital. General Muhammed Ahmed Faris, a military aviator who became the first Syrian in space, fled to Turkey. Alawite film director Bassam Mohieddin (b.1955) was assassinated near his home on the outskirts of Damascus.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)(AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 5, Turkey’s interior minister said security forces have killed as many as 115 Kurdish rebels during a major offensive over the past 2 weeks near the southeastern town of Semdinli. Rebels fired on military posts in Hakkari on the Iraq border triggering clashes that left dead 22 rebels, soldiers and village guards.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)(SFC, 8/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 5, Communist Vietnam’s first gay pride parade took place in the capital Hanoi with dozens of cyclists displaying balloons and rainbow flags streaming through the city's streets.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2013        Aug 5, US Major League Baseball handed down suspensions to a dozen players for their use of performance-enhancing drugs. Most were suspended for 50 games.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.29)
2013        Aug 5, In Pennsylvania Rockne Newell (59) blasted shots through a wall of the state municiple building in Ross Township and then barged into a meeting room and continued firing. 3 people were killed before he was tackled by a local official and shot with his own gun. Newell was taken into police custody.
    (SFC, 8/6/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 5, In Florida John Errol Ferguson (65) was executed for murdering 8 people in Miami-Dade County in the late 1970s.
    (SFC, 8/6/13, p.A4)
2013        Aug 5, The Washington Post said Jeff Beezos, CEO of Amazon.com has agreed to buy the Washington Post for $250 million. His purchase will be made as an individual and not as part of the the online retailer.
    (SFC, 8/6/13, p.D1)
2013        Aug 5, Ruth Asawa (b.1926), San Francisco-based sculptor, died at her home of natural causes.
    (SFC, 8/7/13, p.A1)
2013        Aug 5, Afghan local officials said floods from monsoon rains have killed least 24 people in the eastern border provinces of Khost and Nangarhar. 61 people were reported killed in villages of the Sarobi district, Kabul province.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, In Britain Dutch scientists served hamburgers made from cow stem cells at a public tasting in London. Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google, underwrote the 250,000-euro ($330,000) project, which began in 2006.
    (AP, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, British Adm. John "Sandy" Woodward (81) died. He led the Royal Navy task force during the 1982 Falklands War. Woodward later published a book about the conflict, "One Hundred Days."
    (AP, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, In Canada brothers Noah and Connor Barthe, agers 4 and 6, were killed by an African rock python as they slept in their home in Campbellton, New Brunswick. The 100-pound snake had escaped from its enclosure, slithered through a ventilator and fell through the ceiling of their room.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A4)
2013        Aug 5, A Chilean judge ended a 9-year probe into allegations of illegal enrichment by the late Gen. Augusto Pinochet with no charges filed against his family.
    (SFC, 8/6/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 5, Iraqi security forces killed 11 suspected militants and arrested dozens in a large military-led operation north of Baghdad in response to a deadly attack on a checkpoint last month. A series of attacks including a bombing of a bakery in Baghdad, killed 9 people.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)(AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 5, Japan's nuclear watchdog said highly radioactive water seeping into the ocean from the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant is creating an "emergency" that the operator is struggling to contain.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, In Japan a US military helicopter crashed on the southern island of Okinawa. Three of the four crew members involved in the crash were in stable condition. One crew member was not accounted for.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, In Pakistan bomb exploded on a train travelling between Karachi and Lahore, capital of Punjab province. No one was killed. In the southwest dozens of gunmen disguised in police uniforms shot to death 13 people they pulled off of a convoy of buses and dumped their bodies in a ravine near the town of Machh. Taliban gunmen killed 3 senior security officials in a northern area of the country.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)(AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 5, In Pakistan local media said monsoon rains have claimed more than 80 lives.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, In the southern Philippines a powerful bomb apparently rigged to a vehicle exploded on a busy main road in Cotabato city, killing at least 8 people and wounding more than 30 others.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 5, A Sierra Leone court issued an arrest warrant for Ibrahim Bah, one of the most notorious arms dealers of its brutal 11-year civil war, but a justice official later said the ally of imprisoned former Liberian President Charles Taylor had already been kicked out.
    (AP, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, A South Sudanese staff member of Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) was killed and another wounded in an attack by armed men on their vehicle outside the country's capital, Juba.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 5, One Sudanese soldier was killed in a clash with troops from South Sudan after a patrol from the south crossed the border.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)
2013        Aug 5, Syrian rebels captured four Alawite villages on the country's mountainous Mediterranean coast as they battled government troops in one of President Assad's strongholds for the second straight day. Rebels kidnapped Sheik Badreddine Ghazal, a prominent Alawite cleric in the region. Human Rights Watch said ballistic missiles fired by the Syrian army into populated areas have killed hundreds of civilians in recent months.
    (AP, 8/5/13)(AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 5, Turkey's former military chief, retired Gen. Ilker Basbug, was convicted of trying to overthrow the government in 2002 and sentenced to life in prison. 18 other defendants were sentenced to life in prison, including 10 retired military officers, while 60 other defendants received sentences ranging from a year to 47 years.
    (AP, 8/5/13)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.46)
2013        Aug 5, In Uruguay a gay couple became the first to register under the country’s new marriage equality law.
    (SFC, 8/6/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 5, Yemeni authorities issued a statement listing 25 "most wanted terrorists" it said were planning to carry out attacks in the country during the Muslim Eid al-Fitr holiday this week.
    (AP, 8/6/13)

2014        Aug 5, The Obama administration announced $14 billion in commitments from US businesses to invest in Africa, a representatives from nearly 100 American and African companies gathered at a US-Africa summit in Washington DC.
    (SFC, 8/6/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 5, SF Bay Area former hedge fund manager Lawrence Goldfarb (55) of San Leandro was sentenced to 14 months in federal prison for defrauding investors of $12 million. He had admitted wrongdoing in a March 2011 settlement with the SEC.
    (SFC, 8/7/14, p.D3)
2014        Aug 5, In Oklahoma Tulsa police officers Shannon Kepler (54) and Gina Kepler (48) who are married, were arrested in the fatal shooting of Jeremy Lake (19) who was walking with their daughter. Lisa Kepler (18) said the next day that her parents had kicked her out of their home a week ago, and she said was living with Lake at the time of the shooting.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, Marilyn Burns (b.1949), slasher movie actress, was found dead at her home in Houston. Her films included “Texas Chain Saw Massacre" (1974), “Helter Skelter" (1976), “Eaten Alive" (1977) and “Kiss Daddy Goodbye" (1981).
    (SFC, 8/8/14, p.D4)
2014        Aug 5, In Afghanistan Maj. Gen. Harold J. Greene became the highest-ranked US officer to be slain in combat since 1970 in the Vietnam War. He was killed at Camp Qargha by an Afghan soldier, who went by the single name Rafiqullah. The shooting wounded 18 people, including a German general and two Afghan generals, before Rafiqullah was killed. In the Uruzgan provincial capital of Tirin Kot, an Afghan police officer killed 7 of his colleagues at a checkpoint, then stole their weapons and fled in a police car. In Paktia province an Afghan police guard exchanged fire with NATO troops near the governor's office. The guard was killed.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(AP, 12/4/14)
2014        Aug 5, Bulgaria named Georgi Bliznashki as interim prime minister until a snap election on Oct 5.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, Chinese police authorized the arrest of a student, surnamed Chang, who was found to have "gathered intelligence" for "foreign personnel" more than 50 times over nearly two years for some $32,000.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, France passed a sweeping gender equality law that eases current restrictions on abortion, encourages paternity leave and promotes gender parity at home and in the workplace.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, In France police intervened in clashes between Sudanese and Eritreans migrants as they massed in Calais in a bid to cross the English Channel to Britain. This was their 3rd clash in 48 hours.
    (SFC, 8/6/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 5, In Germany a Munich court freed Bernie Ecclestone (83), the boss of Formula One motor racing, but ordered him to pay $99m to the state of Bavaria and $1m to a charitable foundation for children over allegations of bribery. Ecclestone’s wealth was estimated at $4 billion.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.54)
2014        Aug 5, Israel pulled its ground forces out of the Gaza Strip and started a 72-hour ceasefire with Hamas mediated by Egypt as a first step towards negotiations on a more enduring end to the month-old war. Israel sent officials to join talks in Cairo to cement a longer-term deal during the course of the truce. Gaza officials say the war has killed 1,867 Palestinians, most of them civilians. Israel says 64 of its soldiers and three civilians have been killed since fighting. Some 19,000 homes in Gaza were destroyed and by May of 2015 none had been rebuilt.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.47)
2014        Aug 5, Japan unveiled details of financial sanctions against 40 individuals and two groups involved in the annexation of Crimea and destabilization of eastern Ukraine.
    (AFP, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, In Lebanon a girl (12) was killed and 11 people injured in Tripoli in violence linked to clashes on the Syrian border.
    (AFP, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, Liberian officials said relatives of Ebola victims have defied government orders and dumped infected bodies in the streets as West African governments struggled to enforce tough measures to curb an outbreak of the virus that has killed 887 people.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, Amnesty International released footage it obtained that appeared to show Nigerian soldiers slitting the throats of Boko Haram suspects and dumping their bodies in a mass grave. Amnesty said the killings occurred shortly after Boko Haram’s attack on a detention center in Giwa Barracks, Maiduguri, on March 14.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, Pakistan's military said it had bombed six rebel hideouts in North Waziristan where it has been carrying out an offensive since June, killing 30 suspected militants.
    (AFP, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, A Philippine court found 12 Chinese fishermen guilty of illegal fishing in Philippine waters in April 2013, sending them to jail for six to 12 years, the first convictions since tension between the neighbors flared over rival claims in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, Saudi Arabian King Abdullah granted $1 billion to help the Lebanese army to bolster security as they battle militants who have seized the border town of Arsal on the Syrian frontier.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, Sudan reported that 18 Sudanese people have been killed by a rocket strike in the Libyan capital. Khartoum said the situation does not yet warrant an evacuation of its nationals.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, In Turkey dozens of police officers were detained in a widening probe of wiretapping allegedly targeting PM Tayyip Erdogan.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 5, Ukrainian government forces, backed by warplanes, kept up a military offensive to claw back lost territory from pro-Russian separatists while casting a nervous eye at Russian military exercises over the border. Terrified residents fled the besieged rebel bastion of Donetsk along a perilous humanitarian corridor. The Donetsk city administration said in a statement published online that 3 people were killed in shelling overnight.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)(AFP, 8/5/14)(AP, 8/6/14)

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