Today in History - August 6

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258CE        Aug 6, Pope Sixtus II, bishop of Rome (257-58), was beheaded upon orders of Emperor Valerian.
    (ITV, 1/96, p.60)(MC, 8/6/02)

1177        Aug 2, Philip of Flanders arrived in Acre. A Christian army under the joint command of Philip of Flanders and Raymond of Tripoli marched west to campaign against the Muslims around Tripoli.
    (ON, 6/07, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_of_Flanders)

1221        Aug 6, St. Dominic, Italian founder of the Dominicans religious order, died.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1497        Aug 6, John Cabot returned to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1504        Aug 6, Matthew "Nosey" Parker, archbishop of Canterbury, was born.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1623        Aug 6, Anne Hathaway, wife of William Shakespeare, died.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1637        Aug 6, Ben Johnson (65), English dramatist and poet, died. In 1960 Jonas Barish wrote "Ben Jonson and the Language of Prose Comedy."
    (AP, 1/4/98)(WUD, 1994, p.771)(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A24)(MC, 8/6/02)

1651        Aug 6, Francois Fenelon (d.1715), French theologian and writer (Playing for Time), was born. "Nothing is more despicable than a professional talker who uses his words as a quack uses his remedies."
    (AP, 11/27/98)(MC, 8/6/02)

1660        Aug 6, Diego Rodriguez de Silva Velasquez (b.1599), Spanish court painter, died.
    (WSJ, 2/24/00, p.A16)(MC, 8/6/02)

1661        Aug 6, Holland sold Brazil to Portugal for 8 million guilders.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1664        Aug 6, Johann Christoph Schmidt, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1675        Aug 6, Russian Czar Aleksei banned foreign haircuts.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1774        Aug 6, Mother Ann Lee, founder of the Shaker Movement, arrived in NY.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1787        Aug 6, The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia began to debate the articles contained in a draft of the United States Constitution.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1806        Aug 6, The Holy Roman Empire went out of existence as Emperor Francis I abdicated.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1809        Aug 6, Alfred Lord Tennyson (d.1892), English poet laureate (1850), was born. His work included: "The Charge of the Light Brigade." "Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers."
    (HN, 8/6/98)(AP, 10/6/00)

1811        Aug 6, Judah Philip Benjamin (d.1884), Sec. War and Sec. State for the Confederacy, was born a British subject in the Virgin Islands. He went on to become the first professed Jew elected to U.S. Senate, from the state of Louisiana in 1852. He was brought to South Carolina as a child. After attending Yale (1825--7) he settled in New Orleans. He served Louisiana in the US Senate (Whig, 1853--9; Democrat, 1859--61). He was noted for his pro-slavery speeches in the Senate. Favoring secession, he served the Confederacy as attorney general (1861) and then as secretary of war (1861--2). He was blamed for the Confederate army's lack of equipment, but Jefferson Davis promoted him to secretary of state (1862--5). Late in the war he urged the recruitment of slaves into the Confederate Army. With the collapse of the Confederacy he fled to the West Indies and then to England (1866), where he made a brilliant new career as a British barrister, especially in appeal cases. He wrote the Treatise on the Law of Sale of Personal Property (1868), which at once became the standard in the field. In 1872, he became a counsel to the queen. Benjamin died in Paris.
    (HNQ, 12/8/98)(MC, 8/6/02)

1820        Aug 6, M.A. Elisa Bonaparte (43), Corsican monarch of Lucca, died.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1825        Aug 6, Simon Bolivar drew up a constitution for Bolivia in which a life president appointed his successor. Sucre served as the sole capital until losing a brief civil war to La Paz in 1899. Upper Peru became the autonomous republic of Bolivia.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.77)(AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 8/6/08)

1861        Aug 6, The US Congress passed the Confiscation Act, which permitted the Union Army to seize the property, including slaves, owned by anyone supporting the Civil War insurrection.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confiscation_Act_of_1861)

1862        Aug 6, Confederate Army ironclad "Arkansas" was badly damaged in Union attack.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1863        Aug 6, The CSS Alabama captured the Federal ship Sea Bride near the Cape of Good Hope.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1864        Aug 6, Rebels evacuated Ft. Powell, Mobile Bay.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1870        Aug 6, White conservatives suppressed the black vote and captured Tenn. Legislature.
    (MC, 8/6/02)
1870        Aug 6, At the Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beat France. Crown Prince Frederick, commanding one of the three Prussian armies invading France, defeated French Marshal MacMahon at Worth and Weissenburg, pushed him out of Alsace, surrounded Strasbourg, and drove on towards Nancy. Two other Prussian armies isolated Marshal Bazaine's forces in Metz.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Spicheren)(www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1881        Aug 6, Alexander Fleming (d.1955), Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin (1928), was born. He won the Nobel Prize in 1945. Fleming first observed the antibiotic properties of the mold that makes penicillin, but it was Ernst Boris Chain and Howard Walter Florey who developed it into a useful treatment.
    (AHD, 1971, p.501)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Fleming)

1888        Aug 6, Martha Turner was murdered by an unknown assailant, believed to be Jack the Ripper, in London, England. Between August and November 506 women were murdered in London’s Whitechapel district. In 1994 Philip Sugden authored “The Complete History of Jack the Ripper.”
    (HN, 8/6/98)(WSJ, 1/31/09, p.W8)

1889        Aug 6, Major General George Kenney, commander of the U.S. Fifth Air Force in New Guinea and the Solomons during World War II, was born.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1890        Aug 6, Cy Young gained the first of his 511 major league victories as he pitched the Cleveland Spiders to a win over the Chicago Colts. However, the score is a matter of dispute, with some sources saying 6-1, and others saying 8-1.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
1890        Aug 6, Convicted murderer William Kemmler became the 1st person to be executed in the electric chair. He was put to death at Auburn State Prison in New York for murdering his lover, Matilda Ziegler, with an axe. In 2003 Jill Jonnes authored "Empires of Light," and account of how Edison, Tesla and Westinghouse brought electric power to public use. In 2003 Mark Essig authored "Edison and the Electric Chair: A Story of Light and Death."
    (AP, 8/6/97)(HN, 8/6/98)(MC, 8/6/02)(WSJ, 8/19/03, p.D5)(Econ, 9/20/03, p.81)

1904        Aug 6, The Japanese army in Korea surrounded a Russian army retreating to Manchuria.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1911        Aug 6, Lucille Ball (d.1989), American actress and comedian, was born. "I don't know anything about luck. I've never banked on it, and I'm afraid of people who do. Luck to me is something else: hard work -- and realizing what opportunity is and what isn't."
    (AP, 3/12/98)(HN, 8/6/98)

1914        Aug 6, Ellen Louise Wilson, the first wife of the twenty-eighth president, Woodrow Wilson, died of Barite’s disease.
    (HN, 8/6/98)
1914        Aug 6, Austria-Hungary declared war against Russia and Serbia declared war against Germany.
    (AP, 8/6/00)
1914        Aug 6, A German Zeppelin bombed Liege City and killed 9 people.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1916        Aug 6, Richard Hofstadter, physicist who won the Nobel prize in 1961 for his studies of neutrons and protons, was born.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1918        Aug 6, The 2nd battle of the Marne ended.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1926        Aug 6, Gertrude "Trudy" Ederle (1905-2003), American Olympic gold medalist, became the first woman to swim the English Channel. Before setting out from Cap Griz-Nez, France, at 7:09 a.m., Ederle coated her body with layers of lard and petroleum jelly to insulate her from the cold waters. On that day, the sea was so rough that steamship crossings had been cancelled, but Ederle swam on in spite of being buffeted by waves and plagued by seasickness. She reached Dover at 9:40 p.m., after swimming the Channel in 14 hours and 39 minutes. This time broke the existing world record of 21 hours and 45 minutes set by British Navy Captain Matthew Webb in 1875. Ederle died Nov 30, 2003. [see Sep 11,1951]
    (AP, 8/6/97)(HNQ, 7/31/98)(HNPD, 8/30/98)(SFC, 12/1/03, p.A23)
1926        Aug 6, Warner Bros. premiered its "Vitaphone" sound-on-disc movie system in New York with a showing of "Don Juan" featuring music and sound effects.
    (AP, 8/6/08)

1927        Aug 6, Andy Warhol, American pop artist, was born.
    (HN, 8/6/98)
1927        Aug 6, A Massachusetts high court heard the final plea from Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italians convicted of murder.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1930        Aug 6, In NYC state Supreme Court Judge Joseph Force Crater (b.1889) dined at a West 45th Street steakhouse with a group of friends that included a showgirl. Crater had earlier withdrawn $5,150 from a pair of bank accounts. He was last seen at 9:15 p.m., climbing into the cab. Crater had been recently appointed by Gov. Franklin Roosevelt to the NY Supreme Court. In 2004 Richard J. Tofel authored “Vanishing Point,” an account of Tammany Hall and Crater’s disappearance. The 1947 film “The Judge Steps Out,” starring Alexander Knox, was inspired by the case. Evidence in 2005 suggested that several men killed the judge and buried him under the Coney Island Boardwalk in Brooklyn. [see Sep 1]
    (WSJ, 9/9/04, p.D8)(www.who2.com/judgecrater.html)(http://tinyurl.com/devrl)

1937        Aug 6, Franco's artillery opened fire on Madrid.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1942        Aug 6, Goering proclaimed occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder."
    (MC, 8/6/02)
1942        Aug 6, The Soviet city of Voronezh fell to the German army.
    (HN, 8/6/98)

1944        Aug 6, All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani, Moldavia, died by this date.
    (MC, 8/6/02)
1944        Aug 6, The deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz. Poland, to Auschwitz began.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1945        Aug 6, Hiroshima, Japan, was struck with the uranium bomb, Little Boy, from the B-29 airplane, Enola Gay, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets (1915-2007) of the US Air Force along with 11 other men. The 9,600 pound bomb had a 2-part core of enriched uranium-235. It killed an estimated 140,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare. Major Thomas Wilson Ferebee (d.2000 at 81) was the bombardier. Richard Nelson (d.2003) was the radio operator. In 1946 John Hersey authored “Hiroshima,” an account of the bombing based on interviews with 6 survivors.
    (AP, 8/6/97)(SSFC, 7/31/05, p.B2)(WSJ, 8/12/06, p.P8)(SFC, 11/2/07, p.A23)

1948        Aug 6, Victoria Manalo Draves (1924-2010) became the 1st woman to win 2 diving gold medals, and the 1st Asian American woman to win an Olympic medal.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3ytlucx)(SFC, 6/3/05, p.F1)(SFC, 4/28/10, p.C4)
1948        Aug 6, Bob Mathias, later a US state representative, won the decathlon at the London Olympics. His unofficial title became "the world's greatest athlete." He won gold again in 1952.
    (AP, 8/6/98)(SFC, 11/10/99, p.E7)(WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A6)

1951        Aug 6, Typhoon floods killed 4,800 in Manchuria.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1959        Aug 6, Preston Sturges (60), born as Edmund Biden, US director, screenwriter, died.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1960        Aug 6, Chubby Checker debuted his version of "The Twist" on the Dick Clark Show. Hank Ballard did the original in 1958.
    (http://lpintop.tripod.com/oldiesconnection/id41.html)

1962        Aug 6, Jamaica became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1964        Aug 6, In Eastern Nevada a bristlecone pine tree, Pinus longaeva, near Wheeler Peak was cut down for scientific study of its age. The tree had been named Prometheus (WPN-114) for its age which turned out to be about 4,900 years.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, Z1 p.1,4)

1965        Aug 6, The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed and signed by President Johnson. It outlawed the literacy test for voting eligibility in the South. It was later used to justify drawing some congressional districts that would make the architects of South Africa's apartheid blush. In 1995 Roberts and Stratton authored "The New Color Line: How Quotas and Privilege Destroy Democracy."
    (WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-20)(HFA, '96, p.36)(AP, 8/6/97)(HN, 8/6/98)
1965        Aug 6, Indian troops invaded Pakistan. Indo-Pakistani fighting spread to Kashmir and to the Punjab, The 2nd Indo-Pakistani conflict started without a formal declaration of war. Skirmishes with Indian forces started as early as August 6 or 7.
    (http://ph.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858805.html)(MC, 8/6/02)

1966        Aug 6, Demonstrations against war in Vietnam become widespread throughout US.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1969        Aug 6, Theodor Adorno, German philosopher, died of a heart attack. In 2008 Detlev Claussen authored “Theodor W. Adorno: One Last Genius.”
    (WSJ, 4/18/08, p.W5)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/adorno.htm)

1973        Aug 6, Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar (b.1901), former dictator Cuba (1940-58), died in Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fulgencio_Batista)

1976        Aug 6, Gregor Piatigorsky (b.1903), Russian cellist, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregor_Piatigorsky)

1978        Aug 6, There was a bloodless coup in Honduras.
    (WUD, 199, p.1691)
1978        Aug 6, Pope Paul VI (1963-78), born as Giovanni Montini, died at Castel Gandolfo at age 80.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1979        Aug 6, Paul Volcker (b.1927), appointed by Pres. Carter, took over as the new chair of the US Federal Reserve Board.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Volcker)

1981        Aug 6, Five people were killed and one seriously injured when a hot air balloon caught fire after touching electrical wires and crashed in a suburb of Chicago.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1986        Aug 6, William J. Schroeder died after living 620 days with the "Jarvik 7" artificial heart.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1987        Aug 6, President Reagan's new Central America peace initiative ran into problems as the United States and Nicaragua openly disagreed on procedures for a negotiated settlement.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1988        Aug 6, As many as 400 drowned in India when a ferry capsized in the Ganges River.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
1988        Aug 6, Iraq's president said his country would agree to a cease-fire with Iran, provided the Iranians promised to hold direct talks immediately after the truce took effect.
    (AP, 8/6/98)

1989        Aug 6, "Oh! Calcutta!" closed at Edison Theater in NYC after 5959 performances.
    (www.totaltheater.com/referencialongrunsbroadwayResultList1.asp)
1989        Aug 6, Jaime Paz Zamora was inaugurated as president of Bolivia.
    (AP, 8/6/99)

1990        Aug 6, JonBenet Ramsey, little beauty queen, was born. She was murdered in 1996 at her home in Colorado.
    (http://crime.about.com/od/unsolved/p/jonbenet_ramsey.htm)
1990        Aug 6, The UN Security Council (Resolution 651) ordered a worldwide embargo on trade with Iraq to punish the Baghdad regime for invading Kuwait.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(NH, 9/96, p.14)(AP, 8/6/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1990        Aug 6, Pakistan’s PM Benazir Bhutto was ousted after 20 months in office by Pres. Ghulam Ishaq Khan on charges of incompetence and corruption. An interim government was led by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. It was later estimated that $1.5 billion was received in bribes, kickbacks and commissions from a variety of enterprises.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B10)

1991        Aug 6, The US Justice Department joined forces with the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue in fighting a federal judge’s order to keep two abortion clinics in Wichita, Kansas, open.
    (AP, 8/6/01)
1991        Aug 6, Harry Reasoner (68), TV newsman, died in Norwalk, Connecticut.
    (AP, 8/6/01)
1991        Aug 6, Former Iranian PM Shahpour Bakhtiar and his chief of staff were killed in Bakhtiar’s residence outside Paris. Their bodies were found 2 days later. In 1994 Ali Vakili Rad was arrested in Switzerland and sentenced to life in prison for stabbing Shapour Bakhtiar to death. In 2010 France issued a deportation order to send Rad back to Iran shortly after Tehran freed a young French academic accused of spying.
    (AP, 8/8/01)(AP, 5/17/10)

1992        Aug 6, Americans led by Carl Lewis swept the long jump at the Barcelona Summer Olympics, while Kevin Young won the 400-meter hurdles and Mike Marsh the 200 meters.
    (AP, 8/6/97)
1992        Aug 6, President Bush granted full diplomatic recognition to the former Yugoslav republics of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia and Croatia, the same day Britain's Independent Television News showed videotape of emaciated detainees at a pair of Serb prison camps.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1993        Aug 6, The U.S. Senate joined the House in passing President Clinton's budget plan, 51-50, with a tie-breaking vote cast by Vice President Al Gore.
    (AP, 8/6/98)
1993        Aug 6, Louis Freeh won US Senate confirmation to be director of the FBI.
    (AP, 8/6/98)
1993        Aug 6, Ben Klassen (b.1918), founder of the racist Creativity Movement (1973), committed suicide. He had made a packet of money by inventing an electric-can opener and spent it on printing copies of his books, which included “Nature’s Eternal Religion” and “The White Man’s Bible.” Creativity almost died out as a religion until the New Church of the Creator was established three years later by Matthew F. Hale as its Pontifex Maximus (high priest). In January, 2003, Hale was incarcerated for plotting with the movement's head of security, Anthony Evola (an FBI informant), to murder a federal judge.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Church_of_the_Creator)
1993        Aug 6, Morihiro Hosokawa was elected the new prime minister of Japan by the country's lower house of Parliament. The Liberal Democratic Party was ousted after ruling since 1955. Hosokawa had formed the Japan New Party in May 1992. It ruled for only 8 months.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)(WSJ, 3/27/96, p.B-13)(AP, 8/6/98)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.52)

1994        Aug 6, In Wedowee, Ala., an apparent arson fire destroyed Randolph County High School. It had been the focus of tensions over the principal's stand against interracial dating.
    (AP, 8/6/99)

1995        Aug 6, Thousands of people in Hiroshima, Japan, set glowing lanterns afloat in rivers, capping a day of tributes on the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing.
    (AP, 8/6/00)

1996        Aug 6, Officials announced the Air Force had punished 16 officers in connection with the crash that killed Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and 34 others the previous April.
    (AP, 8/6/97)
1996        Aug 6, The US Naval Academy at Annapolis expelled 15 midshipmen, 12 men and 3 women, for drug use that included LSD and marijuana.
    (SFC, 8/7/96, p.A3)
1996        Aug 6, GE Capital said it would purchase First Colony in an $11 billion deal, one of the biggest in the insurance industry.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Aug 6, NASA scientists presented evidence that a meteorite from Mars (ALH 84001) that was found in Antarctica in 1984 contained organic minerals such as carbonate globules, magnetite, iron sulfide and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In 2001 Imre Friedmann (1921-2007), extreme microbiologist, led a team of researchers to study the same meteorite and claimed conclusive evidence that Mars had been teeming with life 3.5 billion years ago. Researchers in 2007 said the organic material in the rock was made by chemical reactions.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A6)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.96)(Econ, 12/15/07, p.90)

1997        Aug 6, The Dow Jones reached an all-time high at 8,259.31.
    (SFC, 8/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 6, Ending years of impassioned rivalry, Apple Computer and Microsoft agreed to share technology in a deal giving Microsoft a stake in Apple's survival. Microsoft announced that it would buy $150 million in non-voting Apple stock.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/6/98)
1997        Aug 6, The tobacco industry was forced to release documents that indicated efforts to quash safety research and revealed steps taken for protection against lawsuits.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 6, It was reported that residents of 47 states faced warnings not to eat certain types of freshwater fish due to pollution. The EPA said that some 2,200 fish consumption advisories were in effect in the US and that 15% of the nation’s lakes and 5% of the rivers were covered by the advisory.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 6, It was reported that MWC480 is a young star in the constellation Taurus, 450 Light years distant, with a gas-rich disk that looked like a "construction zone" for new planets.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A11)
1997        Aug 6, It was reported that scientists had created the genetic blueprint for Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium responsible for stomach ulcers.
    (SFC, 8/7/97, p.A11)
1997        Aug 6, Korean Air Flight 801 from Seoul, a Boeing 747-300 jumbo jet, crashed into a hillside a short distance from Guam’s Agana International Airport killing 228 with 26 survivors. A programming glitch in the ground radar system was later identified as a contributing factor but not the cause.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Air_Flight_801)(WSJ, 4/8/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/6/98)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)

1998        Aug 6, Monica Lewinsky testified for 8 1/2 hours that she had a sexual affair with Pres. Clinton before a federal grand jury.
    (SFC, 8/7/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/6/99)
1998        Aug 6, The House Government Reform and Oversight Committee voted to cite Attorney General Janet Reno for contempt of Congress for her refusal to turn over reports recommending that she seek an independent counsel to investigate campaign fund-raising.
    (AP, 8/6/99)
1998        Apr 6, Tammy Wynette (55), country singer, died at her Nashville, Tenn., home. Her songs included the 1968 hit "Stand by Your Man." In 2000 Jackie Daly authored the biography "Tammy Wynette."
    (SFC, 4/798, p.A7)(AP, 4/6/99)(WSJ, 6/2/00, p.W10)
1998        Aug 6, Rebels in Congo seized control of Moanda, an important oil depot.
    (SFC, 8/7/98, p.A14)
1998        Aug 6, NATO set exercises in Albania for Aug 17-22 to show force against the Serb offensive in Kosovo.
    (WSJ, 8/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 6, In Russia tax collectors raided three biggest oil companies and demanded payment of over $150 million in unpaid taxes.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.A13)

1999        Aug 6, Tony Gwynn became the 22nd major leaguer to reach three-thousand hits.
    (AP, 8/6/00)
1999        Aug 6, In Canton, Texas, a jury awarded Debbie Lovett (36) $23 million for heart-valve problems that she blamed on the diet drug combination fen-phen in the first such lawsuit to reach a jury. The case was settled for less than a tenth of that amount during an appeal.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A3)(AP, 8/6/00)
1999        Aug 6, Violence in Kashmir left 32 dead.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 6, In Poland the 5th free Station Woodstock rock festival was held in Zary with an estimated 200,000 people in attendance.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A22)
1999        Aug 6, In Russia soldiers on 2 bases opened fire on comrades and 8 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 6, In Serbia Pres. Milosevic addressed the Diaspora 99 conference in an effort to get financial support from wealthy Serb émigrés. The economy was reported to have suffered $30 billion in damages from 11 weeks of war, but not much in assistance was forthcoming.
    (WSJ, 8/9/99, p.A14)

2000        Aug 6,    Workers at Verizon, the nation’s largest local telephone company, went on an 18-day strike over working conditions and union representation.
    (AP, 8/6/01)
2000        Aug 6, In Burundi Hutu rebels ambushed a truck carrying military cadets and 28 soldiers and 6 civilians were killed near Nyabiraba village.
    (SFC, 8/8/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 6, In Colombia rightist paramilitary killed 6 men in Vilanueva.
    (SFC, 8/9/00, p.A14)
2000        Aug 6, In Nigeria an overcrowded boat capsized on the Atlantic coast near the Cameroon border and at least 40 people drowned. 42 survived.
    (SFC, 8/8/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 6, In San Juan, Puerto Rico, thousands rallied to protest new US military exercises on Vieques.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.A3)
2000        Aug 6, Russian officials reported that scores of rebels were killed in weekend artillery attacks outside Grozny, Chechnya, following warnings of a possible rebel offensive. As many as 160 insurgents were reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.A12)(SFC, 8/8/00, p.A12)

2001        Aug 6, Former Pres. Clinton signed an agreement with Knopf to publish his memoirs for an advance of over $10 million.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 6, US intelligence told Pres. Bush that al Qaeda might try to hijack American planes. The document "Bin Laden Determined to Strike in US" was presented to Bush while he was on vacation in Crawford, Texas.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/9/04, p.A3)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A1)
2001        Aug 6, Hurricane Barry hit the Florida Panhandle along with parts of Alabama and Georgia.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A5)
2001        Aug 6, In Bolivia Pres. Banzer stepped down form office. Vice Pres. Jorge Quiroga (41) assumed the office.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 6, Jorge Amado (b.1912), author of 32 novels, died at age 88. He was considered Brazil’s greatest contemporary writer.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Amado)
2001        Aug 6, In India’s Madras state a fire at the Badshaw asylum in Erwady killed 27 patients, many of who were chained to their beds.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A6)(SFC, 8/9/01, p.A9)
2001        Aug 6, In Indonesia 2 men, Rolan and Noval, were arrested for the murder of justice Syafiuddin Kartasasmita. They said Tommy Suharto paid them for the murder.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A8)
2001        Aug 6, The IRA announced a method of destroying its arsenal that raised hopes for a peace accord in Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 6, In Macedonia peace talks hit a snag over government demands for a quick rebel disarmament.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 6, General Duong Van "Big" Minh (86), who was the president of South Vietnam for just a few days before the country fell to Communist invaders in 1975, died in Pasadena, Calif.
    (AP, 8/6/02)

2002        Aug 6, President Bush signed legislation restoring broad trade negotiating authority to US presidents. Bush signed the Trade Adjustment Assistance Reform Act (TAA) offering wage insurance to any trade displaced worker over 50.
    (AP, 8/6/03)(www.doleta.gov/tradeact/2002act_index.cfm)(Econ, 1/20/07, p.34)
2002        Aug 6, Surgeons in LA completed a 22-hour operation on Guatemalan twins, Maria de Jesus Quiej Alvarez and sister Maria Teresa, joined at their heads. UCLA doctors donated their services in the $1.5 million operation. They returned to Guatemala Jan 13, 2003.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/8/02, p.A3)(SFC, 2/7/03, p.A12)
2002        Aug 6, In northeastern Congo fighting began between rebels and tribesmen for control of Bunia, an important trading center, and killed at least 48 people, mostly civilians.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 6, In eastern India 20 people were feared drowned when a boat overturned in Bihar state.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 6, In Jakarta, Indonesia, thousands of protesters stormed parliament to demand constitutional reforms including direct presidential elections.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A12)
2002        Aug 6, Israeli troops killed the suspected mastermind of a Tel Aviv suicide bombing, while U.S. diplomats said the United States was considering moving consular offices out of traditionally Arab east Jerusalem due to security concerns.
    (AP, 8/6/02)
2002        Aug 6, Israel agreed to buy about 1.75 billion cubic feet of water from Turkey annually for the next 20 years to alleviate the nation's growing water shortage and ensure the success of an arms deal with Ankara.
    (AP, 8/602)
2002        Aug 6, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militant lobbed a grenade and opened fire on a group of Hindu pilgrims 175 miles north of Jammu.
    (SFC, 8/6/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 6, In western Mexico the brakes apparently failed on a 26-year-old bus before it plowed through a highway toll booth and slammed into a concrete wall, killing at least 33 people, 10 of them children, headed for a re-enactment of the Last Supper. About 20 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/6/02)
2002        Aug 6, U.N. officials said over 24,000 Sudanese refugees will be moved out of northern Uganda due to rebel attacks. A Ugandan army spokesman raised the death toll in the attack to 23 people.
    (AP, 8/6/02)

2003        Aug 6, Arnold Schwarzenegger on The Tonight Show told Jay Leno and a national TV audience of his candidacy to replace Gray Davis as governor of California. Hours later, Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante said he was entering the recall race as well.
    (SFC, 8/7/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/6/04)
2003        Aug 6, Roberto Marinho (98), who turned his father's O Globo newspaper into a media empire and became one of Brazil's richest men, died.
    (AP, 8/7/03)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A14)
2003        Aug 6, Israel freed 334 Palestinian prisoners in a bid to jump-start peace efforts, but the gesture fell flat among Palestinians.
    (AP, 8/6/04)
2003        Aug 6, Record-breaking heat, already blamed for three dozen deaths, continued to torment Europe.
    (AP, 8/6/04)

2004        Aug 6, Louisiana’s Democrat Rep. Rodney Alexander (57) switched party affiliations and filed as a Republican 30 minutes before a deadline.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.A4)
2004        Aug 6, US payroll data fell far short of expectations and sent the US and British markets crashing to the floor. New July jobs totaled 32,000. The Dow plunged 147 points to a new 2004 low of 9815.33.
    (AP, 8/6/04)(SFC, 8/7/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 8/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 6, In Deltona, Fla., 4 men and two women were found slain in a home after one of them failed to show up for an early morning shift at a nearby Burger King. A man who was angry about a suspected theft recruited three teenagers to stab and beat six people to death with baseball bats.
    (AP, 8/6/04)(AP, 8/8/04)
2004        Aug 6, Rick James (56), Funk legend born as James A. Johnson, died. He was best known for the 1981 hit "Super Freak" before his career disintegrated amid drug use and violence that sent him to prison.
    (AP, 8/6/04)(SFC, 8/7/04, p.B7)
2004        Aug 6, In Afghanistan gunmen ambushed a convoy carrying election workers into a remote Taliban stronghold, killing two of them.
    (AP, 8/7/04)
2004        Aug 6-2004 Aug 8, Up to 100,000 rock and rollers crowded a remote desert venue in China's isolated Ningxia province over the weekend for a three-day festival featuring the nation's oldest and best bands.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
2004        Aug 6, A German court found 2 former top East German officials guilty of failing to stop the killing of people trying to escape across the Berlin Wall and sentenced them to probation.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2004        Aug 6, Abdul Karim Rawi, gov. of Iraq’s Anbar province, resigned under pressure from insurgents who had kidnapped his 3 sons.
    (SFC, 8/7/04, p.A13)
2004        Aug 6, There was intense fighting in Najaf. The U.S. military said 300 militants were killed in the past two days. Assailants in Iraq killed 3 US servicemen, one in the capital and two in the south.
    (AP, 8/6/04)(AP, 8/7/04)
2004        Aug 6, Israel reopened a border crossing with Egypt, closed since July 18, enabling some 2,000 stranded Palestinians to return home.
    (SFC, 8/7/04, p.A11)
2004        Aug 6, Mali said swarms of locusts had spread across most of its vast arid territory. The swarms were moving across the Sahara desert toward countries including Senegal, Niger, Chad and Gambia.
    (AP, 8/6/04)
2004        Aug 6, Reuters learned from Pakistani intelligence sources that computer expert Mohammad Naeem Noor Khan, arrested secretly in July, was working under cover to help the authorities track down al Qaeda militants in Britain and the United States when his name appeared in U.S. newspapers.
    (Reuters, 8/7/04)(SFC, 8/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 6, U.S. officials returned $20 million in embezzled Peruvian government funds that had been deposited in American banks under the direction of fallen spy chief Vladimiro Montesinos.
    (AP, 8/6/04)
2004        Aug 6, Saudi officials reported the capture of Faris Ahmed Jamaan al-Showeel al Zahrani, No. 12 on their list of 26 most wanted terrorism suspects.
    (SFC, 8/7/04, p.A10)
2004        Aug 6, Yemeni warplanes and artillery pounded mountain hideouts of an anti-U.S. leader and his followers in a major offensive aimed at ending a six-week conflict that has killed at least 500 people.
    (AP, 8/6/04)

2005        Aug 6, Anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan, whose soldier-son, Casey, was killed in Iraq, began a weeks-long protest outside President Bush's ranch in Texas.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2005        Aug 6, Robin Cook (59), former British Foreign Secretary, who quit Prime Minister Tony Blair's Cabinet in 2003 to protest the Iraq war, died after collapsing on a Scottish mountain while walking with his wife.
    (AP, 8/6/05)(Econ, 8/13/05, p.75)
2005        Aug 6-2005 Aug 7, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, thieves tunneled 260 feet to a Central Bank vault and stole some $70 million, in what has been described as the biggest such robbery ever in Brazil. On Feb 25, 2008, police arrested Antonio Jussivan Alves dos Santos, the leader of the thieving gang.  In March he was sentenced to nearly 50 years in jail.
    (AP, 8/8/05)(AP, 3/6/08)
2005        Aug 6, In Central African Republic an overloaded boat carrying hundreds of people has sunk on a river, and at least 13 people were reported dead and dozens more missing.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 6-2005 Aug 8, Tropical Storm Matsa hit China’s eastern province of Zhejiang. 13 people were killed since it hit the mainland as a typhoon. Beijing's Municipal Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters was preparing to evacuate as many as 40,000 people in the mountains north of Beijing as Tropical Storm Matsa approached.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 6, Ibrahim Ferrer Planas, Cuban singer, died. In 1996 he recorded with Ry Cooder for the "Buena Vista Social Club" which was followed by his own solo album.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.68)
2005        Aug 6-2005 Aug 14, Helsinki, Finland, hosted the 10th IAAF World Championships. The International Amateur Athletic Federation was founded in 1912 by 17 national athletic federations who saw the need for a governing authority, for an athletic program, for standardized technical equipment and world records.
    (www.helsinki2005.fi/index.php?&Lang=eng)
2005        Aug 6, India airlifted tons of food and medicines to Manipur where tribesmen campaigning for a separate homeland have blocked roads and cut off supplies for nearly 2 months. Naga tribesmen living in Manipur began the blockade on June 19, leading to a severe shortage of food and fuel in the state's capital Imphal.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 6, India and Pakistan agreed to set up a telephone hotline to prevent accidental nuclear conflict and also agreed to notify each other before testing ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 8/7/05)
2005        Aug 6, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was sworn in as Iran's president, saying he wants peaceful relations with the world but rejecting outside pressure to change course.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 6, Iran rejected Europe's proposal for ending the standoff over Tehran's nuclear program, saying it was "unacceptable" because it did not give the country the right to enrich uranium.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 6, Sunni Arab members of the committee drafting Iraq's new constitution rejected Kurdish demands for a federal state.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 6, In Iraq a US patrol with Task Force Liberty was hit in the city of Samarra. All the soldiers were transported to a coalition medical facility where two of them died from wounds.
    (AP, 8/7/05)
2005        Aug 6, Leonardo Rodriguez Alcaine (b.1919), Mexican trade union leader and a long-serving legislator of the Revolutionary Institutional Party, died. He presided over the Workers' Confederation of Mexico (CTM) from July 21, 1997 until his death.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_Rodr%C3%ADguez_Alcaine)
2005        Aug 6, Palestinian judges and lawyers shut down the Palestinian legal system until further notice to protest recent attacks against senior legal officials.
    (AP, 8/6/05)
2005        Aug 6, In Turkey Lu'ai Sakra, a Syrian with links to al-Qaida, was arrested for plotting to slam speedboats packed with explosives into cruise ships filled with Israeli tourists.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 6, A Tunis Air jet carrying 35 passengers went down in the sea off the Sicilian coast, and rescuers were on their way. 16 people were killed, while 23 survived. A bad fuel gauge on the Tuninter plane caused the crash. On March 23, 2009, the Tunisian pilot who paused to pray instead of taking emergency measures before crash-landing his plane, was sentenced to 10 years in jail by an Italian court along with his co-pilot. Another five employees of Tuninter, a subsidiary of Tunisair, were sentenced to between 8 and 9 years in jail.
    (AP, 8/5/05)(AP, 8/7/05)(WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A1)(Reuters, 3/24/09)

2006        Aug 6, Oil giant BP announced an indefinite shutdown of the biggest oilfield in the US, at Prudhoe Bay in Alaska, after finding a pipeline leak. BP was able to maintain partial operations.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2006        Aug 6, Walt Disney World hiked ticket prices for the second time in 2006, raising the cost of a basic one-day, one-park admission to $67, according to a pricing chart posted on the company's media Web site.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, Scientists said a recurring "dead zone" of low-oxygen water off the Oregon coast is larger than in previous years and may be triggered by global warming. They concluded that it is being caused by explosive blooms of tiny plants known as phytoplankton, which die and sink to the bottom, then are eaten by bacteria which use up the oxygen in the water.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, In Afghanistan 4 suspected Taliban killed two police using rocket-propelled grenades and heavy machine guns at a checkpoint in Murghab district in western Badghis province. A suspected suicide bomber in a small truck hit a military convoy outside Kandahar, wounding at least one foreign soldier. A British soldier was killed in Helmand province.
    (AP, 8/6/06)(SFC, 8/7/06, p.A8)
2006        Aug 6, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales officially opened a Constituent Assembly to rewrite the nation's constitution.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, In Burundi gunmen hurled a grenade at a bar frequented by army officers, killing four people. Authorities said the attack was an attempt to undermine the government.
    (AP, 8/7/06)
2006        Aug 6, Cambodian customs over the weekend seized 12 luxury vehicles stolen in Canada, including a Hummer and a Cadillac popular with hip-hop music stars, giving an intriguing insight into the world of international car smuggling.
    (Reuters, 8/7/06)
2006        Aug 6, In China an explosion aboard a bus in Hunan province's Guiyang county killed eight people, just days after a similar explosion killed 11. Fatal explosions aboard public buses in recent years have been blamed on both bomb attacks and accidents with gas canisters and other dangerous cargo.
    (AP, 8/7/06)
2006        Aug 6, A former official of Egypt's Gama'a Islamiya said that even if some members of the Islamist group had joined al Qaeda it was unlikely that most would.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, In eastern Ethiopia over 250 people were killed by flooding in Dire Dawa. As many as 300 remained missing.
    (Reuters, 8/8/06)(AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 6, Hong Kong's legislature passed a law regulating phone tapping and other surveillance measures, a move critics fear will curtail civil liberties in the former British colony now ruled by China.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, In India a boat capsized in a rain-swollen river near New Delhi, leaving 3 people dead and 27 others missing as the nationwide death toll from the monsoon rose to at least 359.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, It was reported that illegal logging in Indonesia’s Aceh province had risen to record levels as people reached into virgin forests to rebuild some 130,000 homes destroyed in December, 2004, tsunami. Deforestation across Indonesia had already led to a 40% loss in the last 50 years.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.A20)
2006        Aug 6, Iran's top nuclear negotiator said that Iran will expand uranium enrichment, in defiance of a UN Security Council resolution giving the Islamic Republic until Aug. 31 to halt the activity or face the threat of political and economic sanctions.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, In Iraq 3 US soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing southwest of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/7/06)
2006        Aug 6, Israeli forces arrested the speaker of the Palestinian parliament at his house in the West Bank, and pressed their monthlong offensive in Gaza against Hamas.
    (AP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, Hezbollah guerrillas unleashed their deadliest barrage of rockets yet into northern Israel, killing 12 reservists at a staging area. Israeli bombardment killed at least 25 people in southern Lebanon as fighting only intensified despite a draft UN cease-fire resolution. Hezbollah rockets crashed into Haifa, killing at least three people and wounding more than 40.
    (AP, 8/6/06)(SFC, 8/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 6, In Kyrgyzstan Imam Mokhammadrafik Kamalov (53) was killed in the city of Osh along with two suspected Islamic radicals during an operation to track down men suspected of attacking Kyrgyz and Tajik border posts in May, killing nine people.
    (AP, 8/8/06)
2006        Aug 6, In Scotland the Fringe Festival kicked off when an estimated 100,000-strong crowd turned out on the streets of Edinburgh to watch a parade by 3,000 performers from the Fringe and the Edinburgh Military Tattoo.
    (AFP, 8/7/06)
2006        Aug 6, A government spokesman said Somalia's top interim leaders have agreed to end a rift threatening the fragile administration after crisis talks led by Seyoum Mesfin, Ethiopia's foreign affairs minister.
    (Reuters, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, Crews fought more than 20 forest fires in northern Spain and stopped blazes from advancing into two historic towns. The fires killed three people and destroyed thousands of acres of woodland. Authorities said most of the blazes were deliberately set.
    (AP, 8/6/06)(AP, 8/7/06)
2006        Aug 6, Sri Lanka rejected peace broker Norway's deal with Tamil Tiger rebels to lift a water blockade at the root of the latest bloodshed that has claimed at least 425 lives.
    (AFP, 8/6/06)
2006        Aug 6, Taiwan condemned China after oil producer Chad switched diplomatic ties to Beijing from Taipei, forcing Premier Su Tseng-chang to scrap his plans to visit the African nation at the last minute.
    (Reuters, 8/6/06)

2007        Aug 6, President Bush wrapped up two days of talks with Afghan President Hamid Karzai at Camp David. Bush and Karzai ruled out making any concessions to the Taliban militants during their 2-day meeting at Camp David.
    (AP, 8/7/07)(AP, 8/6/08)
2007        Aug 6, A US federal judge in LA barred the Navy from using underwater sonar blasts for anti-submarine tests off California’s Channel Islands, due to potential harm to 30 species of marine mammals including 5 species of endangered whales.
    (SFC, 8/7/07, p.D2)
2007        Aug 6, In Utah 6 coal miners were trapped by a cave-in more than 1,500 feet below the surface at the Crandall Canyon Mine.
    (AP, 8/7/07)(SFC, 8/18/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 6, American Home Mortgage Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection, the latest casualty of a mortgage industry that has plunged into distress.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Cerberus Capital Management LP named Robert Nardelli, former CEO of Home Depot, to lead its newly acquired Chrysler unit.
    (WSJ, 8/6/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 6, Wal-Mart signed an agreement to start wholesale operations in India in equal partnership with Bharti Enterprises, an Indian conglomerate.
    (Econ, 8/11/07, p.59)
2007        Aug 6, Montana was under a state of emergency as firefighters battled several huge blazes. Residents near a state park on Michigan's Upper Peninsula were ordered to evacuate as another wildfire spread there.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Militants attacked police at a checkpoint in Zabul province, and the ensuing clash left five suspected militants dead. Militants attacked a police vehicle just outside Kandahar city, killing two officers and wounding eight others. Dutch soldiers fatally shot a motorcyclist who approached their convoy and failed to heed warning signals and shots.
    (AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 6, The European Commission announced a formal EU-wide import ban on meat and livestock from the British mainland following the outbreak there of foot and mouth disease. The outbreak halted British animal movement and the export ban was estimated to be costing the British meat industry some £10 million a week.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(Econ, 8/11/07, p.45)
2007        Aug 6, Independence hero Xanana Gusmao was named East Timor's new prime minister, triggering fresh violence in the capital.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Baron Elie Robert de Rothschild (90), who helped France's renowned Rothschild winemaking and banking dynasty recover from the ravages of World War II, died while vacationing at his Austrian hunting lodge.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Iran's leading reformist newspaper was shut down for the second time in a year after publishing an interview with a poet who called for greater gender equality.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Iranian and US diplomats held "frank and serious" expert-level talks in Baghdad on security issues in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Iraq's political crisis worsened as five ministers loyal to former Iraqi leader Ayad Allawi announced a boycott of Cabinet meetings. A suicide bomber slammed his truck into a densely populated residential area in the northern Iraqi city of Tal Afar, killing at least 28 people, including 19 children. 4 US soldiers were killed in a blast that also wounded 11 in Diyala province. One US soldier was killed and another wounded when their vehicle was targeted by an armor-piercing explosively formed penetrator in a western section of Baghdad. A British soldier died from injuries sustained in a gunbattle in Basra.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 6, Ehud Olmert became the first Israeli PM to visit a Palestinian town since the outbreak of fighting seven years ago, meeting under heavy guard with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to talk about the creation of a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Lebanon’s government said that police have killed Abu Hureira, the deputy commander of al-Qaida inspired militants. He was killed a few days ago by police in the northern port city of Tripoli, near the Nahr el-Bared refugee camp where Fatah Islam militants have been fighting Lebanese soldiers for more than two months.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Nigerian police said that they have arrested 17 people over the past two months on suspicion of carrying out kidnappings in the oil-rich south of the country. At least 17 people were killed in flooding in central Nigeria's Plateau state while more than 200 houses were washed away.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Aug 6, A Moscow court convicted Alexei Pichugin, former top security officer with the dismantled Yukos oil company in the deaths of 3 people, sentencing him to life in prison in a retrial. Russia deployed new air defense systems capable of shooting down ballistic missiles, and the air force chief said the weapon could be used to protect 2014 Winter Olympics in the Black Sea resort of Sochi.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, South Africa stated its readiness to assist Guinea Bissau in tackling drug trafficking as the tiny west African nation has been used as a transit hub for European-bound cocaine.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, In Tanzania Darfur's rebel groups concluded four days of talks by agreeing on a common platform to soon enter final peace negotiations with the Sudanese government.
    (AFP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, PM Surayud Chulanont said Thailand will return some 8,000 ethnic Hmong refugees to Laos despite their claims that they face persecution in their homeland.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Vietnam’s disaster officials said the worst tropical storm to hit the country so far this year has killed nine people, while 14 others remain missing.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Zimbabwe police said at least 7,600 shop managers and business executives have been arrested in a crackdown on businesses accused of profiteering, as President Robert Mugabe vowed to continue the blitz.
    (AP, 8/6/07)

2008        Aug 6, President George W. Bush flew into Bangkok on the latest leg of a pre-Olympics Asian tour, although his focus in Thailand is mainly on the "outpost of tyranny" junta in neighboring Myanmar.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, The US said it will protest to China over its decision to revoke the visa of Olympic gold medalist Joey Cheek, an activist on the African region of Darfur where China is accused of failing to help end the crisis. Speedskater Cheek is co-founder of Team Darfur, an international coalition of athletes campaigning to draw world attention to the humanitarian crisis there.
    (Reuters, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, A jury of six military officers at Guantanamo Bay reached a split verdict in the war crimes trial of Salim Ahmed Hamdan, a former driver for Osama bin Laden, clearing him of some charges but convicting him of others that could send him to prison for life. Hamdan was convicted of supporting terrorism but acquitted of conspiracy to commit attacks. The next day the US military jury sentenced Hamdan to 5 1/2 years in prison, including five years and a month already served at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 8/6/08)(WSJ, 8/7/08, p.A1)(AP, 8/8/08)
2008        Aug 6, A Bulgarian court declared the Kremikovtzi steel plant to be insolvent. Ukrainian billionaire Kostyantin Zhevago and Luxembourg-based ArcelorMittal SA competed to take over the plant operations following the insolvency proceedings.
    (WSJ, 8/7/08, p.B2)
2008        Aug 6, Officials said Cambodia's genocide tribunal has been hit by new corruption allegations, compelling foreign donors to withhold more than $300,000 from the proceedings pending a review of the claims.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, China announced changes to its foreign exchange rules to address surging growth in its hard currency reserves.
    (WSJ, 8/7/08, p.C12)
2008        Aug 6, France accused Rwanda of making "unacceptable accusations" by alleging Paris played an active role in the 1994 genocide, but said it was still determined to mend damaged ties with Kigali.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, In Indian Kashmir a Hindu protester was shot dead in army firing as Premier Manmohan Singh was due to hold talks with political parties in a bid to defuse tensions in the region.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, Israel released five Palestinian teenagers from jail as part of a prisoner exchange agreement made with Lebanon's Hezbollah militia last month.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, Army officers in Mauritania, upset with government overtures toward Islamic hard-liners, staged a coup overthrowing the first government to be freely elected in more than 20 years. President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi was held at his palace in Nouakchott by presidential guard soldiers, led by Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz. Arab-dominated Mauritania, with a population of 3.4 million, has been wracked by more than 10 coups or attempted coups since independence from France in 1960.
    (AP, 8/6/08)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.44)
2008        Aug 6, In Nepal a contest to choose the next "Miss Nepal," slated August 7, was cancelled after Maoist female lawmakers denounced the beauty pageant.
    (AFP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, Pakistani Pres. Pervez Musharraf abruptly canceled then reinstated his trip to the Olympic Games as local media reported that the ruling coalition had agreed on steps to remove him. 9 militants including Ali Bakht, a top-ranking militant, were killed and many injured during a search and cordon operation conducted by security forces in the Kabal district of the Swat valley. Two insurgents died when the explosive device they were planting in a female educational institution exploded prematurely in Kabal sub-district. 3 civilians died in the various parts of the Swat district when stray mortar rounds hit their houses. An attack on a Pakistani military checkpost by some 200 pro-Taliban militants triggered intense fighting that killed 25 insurgents and two paramilitary soldiers near the Afghan border.
    (AFP, 8/6/08)(http://tinyurl.com/6bwtwo)(AP, 8/7/08)
2008        Aug 6, Thousands protested in South Africa as workers disrupted gold mining and other major industries in a national strike over price hikes rattling the continent's economic powerhouse.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou declassified documents allegedly implicating his predecessor Chen Shui-bian in a high-profile embezzlement case.
    (AP, 8/6/08)
2008        Aug 6, Riot police used tear gas as they blocked hundreds of Venezuelans protesting what they call new moves by President Hugo Chavez to concentrate his power.
    (AP, 8/7/08)
2008        Aug 6, Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF and the opposition MDC called on their supporters to end political violence in the country. A newspaper reported that President Robert Mugabe would have amnesty from prosecution and a ceremonial role in government under a draft settlement to resolve the country's crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/6/08)(AFP, 8/6/08)

2009        Aug 6, The US Senate confirmed Justice Sonia Sotomajor to the Supreme Court on a largely partisan vote of 68-31.
    (SFC, 8/7/09, p.A1)
2009        Aug 6, The Securities and Exchange Commission said that former American International Group Inc. CEO Maurice "Hank" Greenberg agreed to pay a $15 million fine to settle fraud charges.
    (AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, Writer-director John Hughes (b.1950) died of a heart attack while visiting family in NYC. His films in the 1980s and '90s included "The Breakfast Club," "Ferris Bueller's Day Off" and "Home Alone." He also wrote or directed such hits as "National Lampoon's Vacation," "Pretty in Pink," "Planes, Trains & Automobiles" and "Uncle Buck."
    (AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, In western Afghanistan four American service members were killed in a roadside bombing. 3 British paratroopers were killed after their armored vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb and Taliban opened fire during a patrol with Afghan forces north of Lashkar Gah in Helmand province. Roadside bombs killed 5 policemen in Kandahar's Arghandab district. An airstrike in Zabul province killed 3 suspected militants who were planting a bomb on a road.
    (AP, 8/6/09)(AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, In Belgium a fire killed nine elderly people at a care home in the Flemish town of Melle. Officials later said it was probably caused by an electrical fault.
    (AFP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, Two well-dressed thieves walked into a London Bond Street jewelry store and, after brandishing handguns at shop workers, made off with $65 million worth of gems in one of Britain's biggest jewelry heists. The arrest of one suspect was announced on Aug 12. On Sep 7 a 9th suspect, David Joseph (22), was detained. On June 25, 2010, Aman Kassaye (24) was convicted for his role in the robbery. On Aug 6, 2010, Kassaye was sentenced to 23 years in jail. Three other men involved in the robbery, Solomun Beyene, Clinton Mogg and Thomas Thomas, were sentenced to 16 years each. Two others were cleared by the court.
    (AP, 8/12/09)(SFC, 8/13/09, p.A2)(SFC, 9/8/09, p.A2)(AFP, 6/25/10)(AP, 8/6/10)
2009        Aug 6, DR Congo President Joseph Kabila met his Rwandan counterpart Paul Kagame in the lakeside city of Goma for the first official bilateral talks between the neighboring states in 13 years.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, Ethiopia’s Federal High Court issued the guilty verdicts against 13 men, including a US-based professor, convicted in absentia for plotting to overthrow the government. Berhanu Nega, Ethiopian-born professor with US nationality and teacher of economics at Philadelphia's Bucknell Univ., was accused of masterminding a plan to topple PM Meles Zenawi.
    (Reuters, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, Iraq's cabinet approved a bill to ban smoking in public places. A roadside bomb struck a car full of Shiite pilgrims in southern Baghdad, killing one and wounding four others. Gunmen broke into a goldsmith shop in the western Baghdad district of Baiyaa, killing the owner and making off with an unknown quantity of gold.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8188265.stm)(AP, 8/6/09)(AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, Japan's first jury trial since World War II concluded with a mixed group of citizens and professional judges convicting a man of murder and sentencing him to a tougher-than-expected 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, In Mexico 11 people, including two police officers and nine gunmen, died following a running battle between police and gunmen in the central city of Pachuca.
    (AP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, Nigeria began a 60-day amnesty for militants fighting in the country's oil-rich Delta region, a government official said, but the main militant group said it would not participate. A cache of weapons and ammunitions was uncovered at an arms depot owned by Niger Delta militant leader Mujahid Dokubo-Asari in Port Harcourt.
    (AP, 8/6/09)(AFP, 8/7/09)
2009        Aug 6, Nigeria's northern Kano state withdrew a landmark criminal and civil suit against US drug group Pfizer over a 1996 drug trial that left 11 children dead and 189 others deformed. The withdrawal of the suit followed a 75-million dollar (52 million euros) out-of-court settlement between the two parties.
    (AFP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, In northern Pakistan a bus veered off a narrow mountain road and plunged into a river, leaving about 34 people, including 26 soldiers, missing and presumed dead. Sardar Rustam Jamali, the excise and taxation minister in the western province of Baluchistan, was killed when robbers tried to steal his car in an eastern neighborhood of the city.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, In Paraguay Social Development Minister Pablino Caceres said he would meet with a 6 protesters who have hammered long nails through their hands and tied themselves to crosses or laid in coffins in an appeal for land.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, In the northern Philippines heavy monsoon rains inundated wide areas, triggering flash floods and landslides that killed 21 people, including two French citizens and a Belgian who were touring Mount Pinatubo. Typhoon Morakot left seven others missing in landslides and floodwaters.
    (AP, 8/7/09)(AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 6, Russia’s PM Putin and his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, signed an agreements in Ankara that included the construction of part of the South Stream gas pipeline through the Black Sea.
    (AP, 8/6/09)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.47)
2009        Aug 6, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, speaking in Kenya, pledged to "expand and extend" American support for Somalia's weak interim government as it struggles against Islamist extremists believed linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, Juan Manuel Inciarte Gallardo (55), a suspected member of the armed Basque group ETA, was deported from Mexico and arrested in Spain, where he is wanted for allegedly killing five Spanish police officers and a pregnant wife of one of the officers. Inciarte allegedly took part in the slaying of the five police officers and the pregnant wife of one officer between 1983 and 1985. He was wanted on terrorism charges.
    (AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, In South Korea unionists who occupied a car plant in protest at mass layoffs agreed to end a 77-day sit-in which halted production and sparked violent clashes with police.
    (AFP, 8/6/09)
2009        Aug 6, Rescue workers searched for missing people after the Princess Ashika ferry, carrying 149 passengers and crew, sank overnight off the coast of Tonga. 93 people were missing and feared dead.
    (SFC, 8/6/09, p.A2)(AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 6, In northern Yemen local officials and the rebels said Shiite Muslim rebels have seized a key control post on a strategic highway linking the capital San'a with Saudi Arabia, overcoming an army brigade after 12 hours of intense combat.
    (AP, 8/6/09)

2010        Aug 6, The US for the first time attended a ceremony commemorating its atomic bombing of Hiroshima, 65 years after the Japanese city's obliteration rang in the nuclear age.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, It was reported that Adnan Shukrijumah (35), a suspected al-Qaida operative who lived for more than 15 years in the US, has taken over as chief of the terror network's global operations, a position once held by 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, US Companies showed a lack of confidence about hiring for a third straight month in July, making it likely the economy will grow more slowly the rest of the year. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 9.5 percent.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, Mark Hurd, CEO at Hewlett Packard, resigned amid allegations of sexual harassment and faulty expense reports. Hurd was expected to get $12.2 million in severance payment and nearly $350,000 shares of HP stock at the Aug 6 closing price.
    (SFC, 8/7/10, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/8/10, p.D6)
2010        Aug 6, In Michigan investigators said a knife-wielding serial killer, possible motivated by racial hatred, has been attacking men in the region of Flint since May killing 5 people and wounding 8.
    (SFC, 8/7/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 6, Tony Judt (b.1948), British historian, died. His work included “Postwar” (2005), a look at the 44 years following the main fighting of WWII and the collapse of the Soviet empire.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.72) 
2010        Aug 6, In northern Afghanistan the bodies 10 members of a medical team, including six Americans, were recovered. They had been shot and killed by militants as they were returning from providing eye treatment and other health care in remote villages. The Taliban claimed the next day it killed them for being "Christian missionaries." The beheaded body of Parliamentary candidate Najibullah Gulistani, who was abducted 18 days ago, was found in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 8/7/10)(SFC, 8/7/10, p.A5)(AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 6, Australian scientists reported a study revealing that sea sponges share almost 70 percent of human genes.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, Britain and Pakistan agreed to do more together to fight Islamist militancy, brushing aside a diplomatic spat that followed British criticism of Pakistani efforts to counter extremism. Visiting Pakistan's Pres. President Asif Ali Zardari held official talks with PM David Cameron, roughly a week after the British leader ignited a diplomatic row by accusing Pakistan of exporting terrorism during a trip to the country's nuclear rival, India.
    (Reuters, 8/6/10)(AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, In China AIDS activist Tian Xi (24) was taken into custody after a run-in with an administrator at Xincai County No. 1 People's Hospital, where he had been given a tainted blood transfusion as a boy. He was inflected with HIV via blood transfusion in 1996, and has been struggling to get compensation and treatment from the government more or less ever since. On Feb 11, 2011, Tian Xi was sentenced to one year in prison.
    (AP, 2/12/11)(http://tinyurl.com/2b9cey5)
2010        Aug 6, In Indian Kashmir at least 113 people were killed and hundreds injured after rare rainfall triggered flash floods in an area of Ladakh popular with foreign fans of high-altitude adventure sports.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/7/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 6, In Indonesia the Mount Karangetang volcano erupted, sending lava and a searing gas cloud tumbling down its slopes. At least four family members were swept away and feared dead.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, In Iraq a drive-by shooting and a bomb hidden in a motorcycle killed three traffic policemen in Baghdad, taking to eight the number from the city's force killed this week.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, In southern Israel 7 members of one family, including a pregnant woman and two children, were killed when the minibus they were traveling in ignored traffic signals and crossed the tracks right into the path of a speeding train near the town of Kiryat Gat.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, Pakistan battled to contain flooding in its rich agricultural south, evacuating half a million people from risk areas as the UN warned of the "daunting" scale of the crisis.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, Poland's new Pres. Bronislaw Komorowski was sworn in and pledged to serve as a unifying force and work closely with European allies.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, In Russia a choking smog from raging wildfires shrouded Moscow, grounding flights, plunging the city's iconic Red Square into a sea of dirty mist and stinging eyes and throats across the Russian capital.
    (AP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, Saudi Arabia suspended BlackBerry messaging services, as concerns spread across the Middle East and parts of Asia over security issues with the popular smartphones.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, In Sudan humanitarian officials said all aid agencies have been denied access to Darfur's Kalma camp after five people were killed there and thousands fled when divisions over peace talks turned violent. UN-African Union peacekeepers (UNAMID) have been in a stand-off with South Darfur’s government and Khartoum since five men and a woman sought refuge in their Kalma police base during the violence late last month.
    (Reuters, 8/6/10)
2010        Aug 6, In Sweden a gang of thieves staged a remarkable break-in near the Swedish royal family's residence in Stockholm, smashing display cases at a historic 18th-century Chinese-style landmark and getting away with artifacts that police called potentially priceless.
    (AP, 8/6/10)

2011        Aug 6, The group known as Anonymous said it has hacked into some 70 law enforcement websites across the southern and central United States in retaliation for arrests of its sympathizers in the U.S. and Britain.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Ohio an 18-year-old attending summer classes at the University of Cincinnati was struck by a campus officer's stun gun and died of cardiac arrest.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In southern Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, A riot tore through parts of north London's deprived Tottenham neighborhood. 8 officers were hospitalized after a peaceful protest against the Aug 4 shooting death of Mark Duggan (29), a passenger in a minicab, degenerated into a Saturday night rampage. The riots soon spread to Birmingham and other cities and involved as many as 15,000 people.
    (AP, 8/7/11)(AFP, 8/7/11)(Econ, 8/4/12, p.51)
2011        Aug 6, France's Overseas Ministry said four people have been killed and another 23 injured in a conflict over an increase in airline ticket prices on Mare, an island in the South Pacific archipelago of New Caledonia.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, Roman Opalka (b.1931), French-born Polish painter, died in France. In 1965 in his studio in Warsaw, Opalka began painting a process of counting – from one to infinity.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.79)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Opa%C5%82ka)
2011        Aug 6, In Israel over a quarter of a million people poured into the streets of major cities in the “movement for justice,” an ongoing protest over the cost of living.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A8)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.38)
2011        Aug 6, Libyan rebels fighting Moammar Gadhafi's forces in the country's west launched a major push toward key towns along the Mediterranean coast near the capital Tripoli. NATO warplanes attacked 45 targets across Libya, including an ammunition storage facility and a multiple rocket launcher system in the Bir Ghanam area.
    (AP, 8/6/11)(AFP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 6, Mexican authorities said dozens of armed villagers surrounded the home of a suspected crime gang in Santa Cruz Tepenixtlahuaca, Oaxaca state, setting off a gunbattle that killed a child, a woman and four men. Police said the dismembered bodies of four young men were dumped near a high school in Sinaloa state. Five young men were found dead near a middle school outside Monterrey, Nuevo Leon state. 5 young people were shot to death as they ordered dinner at a highway-side hot dog stand in the San Ignacio municipality, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 8/6/11)(AP, 8/7/11)
2011        Aug 6, Niger's president Mahamadou Issoufou took part in a national collective prayer asking for rain. Niger depends heavily on its one annual rainy season (June to September) to cultivate crops.
    (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Pakistan a bomb attack near Peshawar destroyed 16 tankers carrying fuel for US-led forces in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 6, Hamas security forces in the Gaza Strip detained two members of a Salafist organization called Al-Tawfid wal Jihad, an Islamist group suspected of firing rockets at Israel. (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Saudi Arabia security forces shot dead a gunman as he opened fire on the Jeddah palace of Interior Minister Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz. Another man was arrested during the attack in which two men opened fire after midnight on the Qasr Shateh residence of Prince Nayef.
    (AFP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, Somali Islamist fighters withdrew overnight from almost all their bases in the famine-struck capital of Mogadishu, the most significant gain for the embattled UN-backed government in four years. Al-Shabab still held most of southern Somalia, where tens of thousands are estimated to have starved.
    (AP, 8/6/11)
2011        Aug 6, In Spain thousands of demonstrators angry over the government’s austerity program occupied a central Madrid plaza.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 6, The Syrian military tightened its suffocating siege on the city of Hama in its drive to crush the main center of the anti-regime uprising in the country. Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem pledged to press ahead with reforms and said the new parliament "will represent the aspirations of the Syrian people."
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2012        Aug 6, In the San Francisco Bay Area a series of explosions and fires tore through a Chevron’s Richmond refinery.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A1)
2012        Aug 6, A US Navy draft report acknowledged that the SF Bay’s Treasure Island was used as a repair and salvage operation during the Cold War for ships that may have been exposed to nuclear testing in the Pacific. In the 1940’sw a mocked-up training ship, the Pandemonium, was doused with low-level radioactive material, which sailors washed off.
    (SFC, 8/17/12, p.A14)
2012        Aug 6, A mosque in southwest Missouri burned to the ground in the second fire to hit the Islamic center in little more than a month, and investigators in Joplin spent the day combing through the wreckage searching for evidence of arson.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, New York State Department of Financial Services alleged that Standard Chartered PLC schemed with the Iranian government to launder $250 billion from 2001 to 2007.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, NASA's Mars Science Laboratory and Curiosity rover landed successfully on the Red Planet.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Thousands of fish were reported dying in the Midwest as the hot, dry summer dries up rivers and causes water temperatures to climb in some spots to nearly 100 degrees. About 40,000 shovelnose sturgeon were killed in Iowa last week as water temperatures reached 97 degrees. Nebraska fishery officials said they've seen thousands of dead sturgeon, catfish, carp, and other species in the Lower Platte River. Illinois biologists said the hot weather has killed tens of thousands of large- and smallmouth bass and channel catfish. Kansas has seen declining water levels that pulled younger, smaller game fish away from the vegetation-rich shore lines and forced them to cluster, making them easier targets for predators. In South Dakota there have been reports of isolated fish kills in its manmade lakes on the Missouri River.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Afghanistan a bomb strapped to a donkey by Taliban insurgents killed a district police chief and wounded three others in Charsada, Ghor province.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, Britain’s Deputy PM Nick Clegg announced that the government has dropped plans to introduce a mainly-elected upper house of parliament, in a serious blow to the ruling coalition.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Bernard Lovell (98), founder of Britain’s Jodrell Bank radio telescope, died. Sir Lovell was knighted in 1961.
    (Econ, 8/18/12, p.82)
2012        Aug 6, Cayman Islands Premier McKeeva Bush scrapped a plan to impose a direct tax on expatriates working in the British territory, which owes much of its prosperity to its famed role as a no-tax financial center.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, German police removed anti-capitalist protesters from an Occupy Frankfurt camp set up almost 10 months ago next to the European Central Bank headquarters.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 6, Greek police said they have detained some 6,000 people in Athens during weekend roundups on suspicion that they have entered the country illegally and will deport more than 1,600 of them to their home countries. Greece launched an aggressive campaign to try to seal its 200-km (130-mile) northeastern border, as it faced a debilitating financial crisis that has caused a swell in joblessness and a surge in racist attacks against immigrants with dark skin.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 6, The Israeli parliament approved a series of austerity measures presented by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government to help rein in the country's growing deficit.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Ivory Coast a raid on the Akouedo army base in Abidjan left 7 soldiers and one attacker dead.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Jamaica celebrated its 50th anniversary of independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 6, A Jordanian official and a rebel spokesman said Syria's PM Riad Hijab has defected and fled to neighboring Jordan.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Kenyan authorities charged Dwight Sagaray, the first secretary of Venezuela's embassy, with the murder of that country's acting ambassador to Kenya. Police believed the killing was motivated by a battle over embassy leadership. Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed Hassan, Sagaray's friend and an alleged co-conspirator, was also charged. Prosecutor Tabitha Ouya said the two suspects strangled Olga Fonseca Gimenez on the night of July 26 to 27.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Macau police said they have arrested 150 people in raids at casinos and hotels across the Chinese territory following a spate of violence that raised fears of a revival of gang warfare in the world's most lucrative gambling market.
    (AP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz said he will not resign, despite weeks of protests by the opposition who accuse him of despotism and mismanagement.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In New Zealand Mount Tongariro spewed ash and rocks for about 30 minutes after a few weeks of increased seismic activity. It didn't cause any injuries or damage in the sparsely populated central North Island region.
    (AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, In central Nigeria gunmen opened fire on an evangelical church during a service, killing at least 19 people in Okene city, Kogi state.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Pakistan gunmen killed a truck driver in the Jamrud area of Khyber district over suspicions that he was transporting supplies for NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, In the southern Philippines a breakaway group of Muslim rebels used chainsaws to launch simultaneous attacks across 11 towns, leaving at least three dead.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Aug 6, Russia launched an unmanned Proton-M rocked carrying Russian and Indonesian communications satellites. A secondary booster module failed shortly after launch from Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 8/8/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 6, In Syria a bomb ripped through the third floor of the state TV building in Damascus. At least three people were wounded in the bomb attack targeting the building which also houses the country's state radio. Rebels claimed that three of 48 Iranian captives were killed during shelling by government forces in Damascus and its suburbs.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/7/12)
2012        Aug 6, In southeastern Turkey an overnight blast interrupted oil flow from Iraq. Kurdish rebels were suspected to be behind the explosions. The blast hit the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline in Mardin province close to the border with Syria. Repairs were expected to take up to 10 days. The oil flow was reported restored on August 28.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 6, In Uganda leaders from 11 countries forming the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region gathered in Kampala to discuss a new plan calling for a neutral international force to deploy in eastern Congo to get rid of all the fighters.
    (AP, 8/5/12)
2012        Aug 6, Yemen's Pres. Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi issued a decree stripping the ex-president's son of part of his military command, a measure seen as a step toward reforming the armed forces. Two drones targeted Al-Qaeda positions near Rada, in Bayda province.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AFP, 8/6/12)

2013        Aug 6, In Florida Colombia-born Israel Hernandez-Llach (18) died after Miami Beach police shocked him with a Taser as he ran away from officers who caught him spray-painting the wall of a shuttered McDonald's.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 6, In Argentina a suspected natural gas explosion destroyed a tall apartment building in Rosario. At least 8 people were killed and some 60 injured.
    (SFC, 8/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 6, Botswana said disputed elections won by Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe did not meet acceptable standards and has warned southern African nations against violating commitments to democracy by accepting the result.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, In Cambodia thousands of supporters of the main opposition party rallied to demand an international inquiry into the recent general election, rejecting the victory claimed by long-serving PM Hun Sen, who showed no sign of stepping aside.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, In China a panel of the Shanghai Communist Party Committee said that three Shanghai Supreme Court officials had  "participated in prostitution" after being invited to dinner. A fourth court official had accepted female companionship but did not take a woman to a room. A whistleblower had filed a police complaint in April, but "the case went nowhere" and he therefore decided to post the video online instead of going to the police again. His case triggered the investigation.
    (AP, 8/7/13)
2013        Aug 6, The EU said the Maltese government, which has refused entry to a tanker carrying 102 African migrants, had a "humanitarian duty" to allow them to land as soon as possible. Malta faced a record influx of African migrants, with 1,000 arriving in the past month.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, In France masked farmers began dumping pallets holding tens of thousands of eggs in front of a grocery store in Ploumagoar. The action has continued nightly in the region due to low egg prices. Over-production and expensive renovations to meet new European norms on hen houses have reduced egg farmer incomes.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 6, A Hungarian court jailed four neo-Nazis for killing Roma families in a spree of racist violence in 2008 and 2009 that shocked the country and led to accusations that police had failed to protect an historically persecuted minority.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, Five Indian soldiers were killed in an ambush by militants and Pakistani soldiers along the disputed border in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, In Iraq 8 car bombs targeting busy markets and shopping streets in and around Baghdad killed 31 people and wounded more than 100. An initial report put the number killed at 51.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)(AFP, 8/28/13)
2013        Aug 6, Japan unveiled its biggest warship since WWII. The Izumo is officially a destroyer, but it will come with 14 helicopters when it enters service in 2015.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.35)
2013        Aug 6, Latvia's government approved the extradition of Deniss Calovskis (b.1985), a man accused by the United States of helping create a virus that affected over a million computers worldwide, including many at NASA, and that allowed hackers to steal millions of dollars from victims' bank accounts. US authorities earlier this year accused Calovskis, along with Romanian citizen Mihai Ionut Paunescu and Russian national Nikita Kuzmin, of participating in a conspiracy that started in 2005 to create and disseminate the so-called Gozi virus. On August 8 the extradition was put on hold after the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) said it would take on the case.
    (AP, 8/6/13)(Reuters, 8/8/13)
2013        Aug 6, In Nepal an unidentified Tibetan monk died after setting himself on fire in Kathmandu.
    (SFC, 8/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 6, In Peru an Irish woman, Michaella McCollum Connolly (20), and a British woman, Melissa Reid (19), were arrested in Lima for allegedly trying to smuggle cocaine on a flight to Spain. Both girls claimed they were threatened at gunpoint with their lives unless they carried out the orders of a South American cartel.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lfyxztk)(SFC, 8/14/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 6, Russia's highest court reduced by two months the 11-year prison terms for jailed former oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky and his business partner Platon Lebedev. They had asked the court to overturn their verdicts and release them immediately. Khodorkovsky was now set to be released in August 2014, and Lebedev to be set free in May 2014.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, It was reported that Somalia's government has signed an oil and gas exploration deal with Soma Oil and Gas, a newly formed British company, the first such agreement by a central government in Somalia following decades of conflict.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, Syrian rebels captured Mannagh helicopter base in the north of the country after months of fighting. State TV denied that the base had fully fallen. A car bomb in a pro-regime district near Damascus killed at least 18 people. Syria fighters under Chechen jihadist Tarkhan Batirashvili, aka Omar al-Shishani, proved pivotal in taking the Syrian military's Managh air base. In 2014 al-Shishani was identified as the military commander of ISIL in Syria.
    (AP, 8/6/13)(AP, 7/2/14)
2013        Aug 6, A Thailand inquest found that 6 unarmed people killed at a Buddhist temple during a 2010 military crackdown on anti-government protesters in Bangkok were slain by bullets fired by Thai soldiers.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, Tunisian police shot dead an Islamist militant in a suburb on the outskirts of Tunis.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, Eighteen Turkish soldiers were injured when a group of several thousand alleged smugglers clashed with the army as they tried to cross into Turkey from Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, Ugandan lawmakers passed the controversial Public Order Management Bill. It drew sharp criticism from the opposition and human rights campaigners who said it was intended to silence dissent.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)(http://tinyurl.com/lgtr6xy)
2013        Aug 6, Ukraine's Emergency Situations Ministry said that a pipe carrying liquid ammonia depressurized at the Stirol plant in the east of the country, causing the release of the chemical. The leak killed 5 people and sickened more than 20.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 6, In Yemen a suspected US drone killed 4 alleged al-Qaida members. "Due to the continued potential for terrorist attacks," the US State Department ordered non-essential personnel at the US Embassy to leave the country. A Yemeni military helicopter was shot down by a missile over the al-Qaida stronghold of Wadi Ubida. At least 8 people were killed, including a military commander, all part of a military force guarding oil installations in the province.
    (AP, 8/6/13)(Reuters, 8/7/13)
2013        Aug 6, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF party said it would increase black ownership of the economy in the next five years after its landslide election victory, adding to investors' concerns about the party's political dominance.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)

2014        Aug 6, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued its highest alert for an all-hands on deck response to the Ebola crisis in West Africa.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Scientists received a signal from the European launched Rosetta probe, launched in 2004 and scheduled to land in May 2014, that it was in orbit around comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
    (SFC, 7/18/05, p.A4)(Econ, 8/9/14, p.66)
2014        Aug 6, In southern Afghanistan a police officer working for the Taliban poisoned 5 colleagues and then invited insurgents to kill them and steal their weapons. In Uruzgan province Taliban fighters killed a guard at a checkpoint and then executed 5 others as they slept.
    (SFC, 8/7/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 6, Bahrain convicted nine opposition activists of various public security charges and stripped them of their citizenship. They received prison terms ranging from seven to 22 years.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Bulgaria's newly appointed PM Georgi Bliznashki promised to restore public trust in political institutions in the short time that his caretaker government is in office.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, In northern Cameroon Boko Haram-linked militants killed 10 people including a soldier in a remote town near the border with Nigeria.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, China executed two South Koreans convicted of smuggling drugs from North Korea and said it will soon execute a third.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, China’s state media said Karamay city in the western region of Xinjiang, has banned people with head scarves, veils and long beards from boarding buses, as the government battles unrest with a policy that critics said discriminates against Muslims.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, In Egypt militants attacked a police checkpoint in the Dhabaa area in the coastal province of Matrouh, killing 5 policemen and losing 4 of their own in the ensuing gunbattle.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, After a journey of 6.4 billion km (4 billion miles), Europe's unmanned Rosetta probe reached its destination, a milestone in mankind's first attempt to land a spacecraft on a comet.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, An Iraqi army airstrike targeting the Islamic State group in Mosul killed some 60 suspected militants. In northern Iraq Kurdish forces attacked Islamic State fighters near the Kurdish regional capital of Arbil in a change of tactics supported by the Iraqi central government to try to break the Islamists' momentum. A roadside bomb killed 3 Shi'ites who volunteered to fight the Islamic State on a road between the town of Samarra and Mosul. At least 5 car bombs killed 51 people in Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(Reuters, 8/6/14)(SFC, 8/7/14, p.A3)
2014        Aug 6, Italy’s government statisticians disclosed that the country was back in recession as GDP fell by 0.2% in Q2.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.46)
2014        Aug 6, The Italian foreign ministry said two Italian aid workers have been kidnapped while working on humanitarian projects in Aleppo, Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Kurds from Iraq, Syria and Turkey joined forces in north Iraq to try to reclaim areas lost to jihadists and rescue thousands of civilians, many of them from the Yazidi minority, stranded in mountains without food or water.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Lebanon's army surrounded Arsal, a border town occupied by Islamist militants, as army and Islamist militants clashed despite a 24-hour ceasefire agreed to end five days of fighting that has killed dozens.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Liberian Pres. Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf announced emergency measures that will, for 90 days, allow her government to curtail civil rights by imposing quarantines on badly affected communities to contain the Ebola epidemic.
    (Reuters, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 6, An umbrella group for eastern Libya's extremist militias said it overran three more army bases in Benghazi and seized large amounts of heavy weapons, including armored vehicles. The newly inaugurated Libyan parliament threatened to act against warring militias who don't abide by its call for an immediate cease-fire, which it says will be supervised by the United Nations.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(AP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 6, In Malaysia British medical students, Neil Dalton (22) and Aidan Brunger (22), were stabbed to death in Kuching after a quarrel in a pub with four local men. Police arrested three of the suspects and were searching for the fourth. On March 31, 2015, Zulkipli Abdullah (24) was found guilty of the stabbing and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(AP, 3/31/15)
2014        Aug 6, Nigeria confirmed five new cases of Ebola in Lagos and a second death from the virus. Authorities said a nurse who treated Ebola victim Patrick Sawyer is now dead and five others are sick with one of the world's most virulent diseases, as the death toll rose to at least 932 people in four West African countries.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)(AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, In northern Nigeria suspected Boko Haram gunmen attacked Gwoza town. The raid left dozens dead and sent others fleeing to a mountain near the Cameroonian border.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 6, Pakistani security forces arrested an Indian border guard for allegedly violating their de-facto border in the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)
2014        Aug 6, In Pakistan a US drone fired two missiles at a sprawling compound in North Waziristan killing at least 6 people.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(SFC, 8/7/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 6, A Gaza truce was holding as Egyptian mediators pursued talks with Israeli and Palestinian representatives on an enduring end to a war that has devastated the Hamas Islamist- dominated enclave.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, The Kremlin released the text of President Vladimir Putin’s order for government agencies to restrict imports of food and agricultural products from the countries that have imposed sanctions against Russia over the conflict in Ukraine.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Russian photographer Andrei Stenin (33) was believed killed while travelling along with a convoy of refugees that came under fire from Ukrainian tanks and armored personnel carriers. His death was confirmed on Sep 3.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)
2014        Aug 6, A Saudi Arabian who had travelled to Sierra Leone and had symptoms similar to those found in Ebola sufferers died of a heart attack. Samples submitted to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention came back negative for the Ebola virus.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)(AP, 8/10/14)
2014        Aug 6, In Saudi Arabia the Makkah newspaper said Saudi men have been banned from marrying women from Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar and Chad as the Gulf state toughens the rules restricting marriage with foreigners.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, Spanish police said they have seized 127 kg of cocaine from a Spanish navy training ship, which allegedly carried the drug from Colombia and dropped off some in New York. A Civil Guard statement said three sailors were arrested on July 12 when the ship returned to Spain, but the drug wasn't found until Aug 2.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, In Switzerland a man arrested a day earlier, for suspected involvement in the theft and leaking of a medical file on injured ex-Formula One champion Michael Schumacher, was found hanged in his cell.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 6, In Syria Jihadists from the Islamic State group seized parts of a military base in Raqa province after launching triple suicide bomb attacks at its gates. Heavy fighting with troops continued at Brigade 93 in Raqa.
    (AFP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 6, In Yemen 10 soldiers and 18 suspected Al-Qaeda militants were killed in confrontations in southern and southeastern provinces. Several others were captured, including a Saudi militant.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)

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