Today in History - August 9

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480BC    Aug 9, The Persian army defeated Leonidas and his Spartan army at the battle Thermopylae, Persia. In 1998 Steven Pressfield authored: "Gates of Fire, An Epic Novel of the Battle of Thermopylae." In 2006 Paul Cartledge authored “Thermopylae: The Battle That Changed the World."
    (HN, 8/9/98)(SFEC, 11/29/98, BR p.3)(WSJ, 11/11/06, p.P11)

48BC        Aug 9, Julius Caesar defeated Gnaius Pompey at Pharsalus.
    (HN, 8/9/98)

378        Aug 9, In the Battle of Adrianople the Visigoth Calvary defeated Roman Army.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1048        Aug 9, Pope Damasus II, born as Poppo, died. He was the second of the German pontiffs nominated by Emperor Henry III.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Damasus_II)

1378        Aug 9, Cardinals declared pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti-Christian, devil).
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1387        Aug 9, Henry V, British king famous for his victory at Agincourt, France, was born. [see Aug 29]
    (HN, 8/9/98)

1483        Aug 9, Pope Sixtus IV celebrated the first mass in the Sistine Chapel, which was named in his honor.
    (HN, 8/9/98)

1549        Aug 9, France declared war on England. England declared war on France.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.17)(HN, 8/9/98)

1593        Aug 9, Izaak Walton (d.1683), biographer, fisherman, writer (Compleat Angler), was born in England. "That which is everybody's business is nobody's business."
    (AP, 8/29/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1631        Aug 9, John Dryden, the 1st official poet laureate of England (1668-1700), was born at Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire.
    (HN, 8/9/02)

1638        Aug 9, Jonas Bronck of Holland became the 1st European settler in the Bronx.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1645        Aug 9, Settlers in New Amsterdam gained peace with the Indians after conducting talks with the Mohawks.
    (HN, 8/9/98)

1672        Aug 9, Jose Ximenez (70), Spanish composer, died.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1673        Aug 9, Dutch recapture NY from English. It was regained by English in 1674.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1757        Aug 9, English Ft. William Henry, NY, surrendered to French and Indian troops.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1778        Aug 9, Captain Cook reached Cape Prince of Wales in the Bering straits.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1790        Aug 9, The Columbia returned to Boston Harbor after a three-year voyage, becoming the first ship to carry the American flag around the world.
    (AP, 8/9/97)

1805        Aug 9, Austria joined Britain, Russia, Sweden and the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia in the third coalition against France.
    (HN, 8/9/98)

1813        Aug 9, After reports that British naval vessels were nearing St. Michaels, Md., to attack the shipbuilding town that night, the county militia placed lanterns on the tops of the tallest trees and on the masts of vessels in the harbor; and had all other lights extinguished. When the British attacked, they directed their fire too high and overshot the town.
    (HNQ, 11/25/02)

1814        Aug 9, Andrew Jackson and the Creek Indians signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, giving the whites 23 million acres of Creek territory.
    (HN, 8/9/98)

1819        Aug 9, William Thomas Green Morton (d.1868), American dentist who 1st used ether on a patient (1846), was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.932)(MC, 8/9/02)

1829        Aug 9, The locomotive "Stourbridge Lion" went into service.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1830        Aug 9, Louis-Philippe formally accepted the crown of France, following abdication of Charles X, last brother of guillotined Louis XVI. He was the son of the opportunistic Duke d'Orleans, first cousin to the late king, who renounced his royal heritage and called himself plain Phillipe Egalite. Louis-Philippe voted for his cousin's death in 1793, but followed him to the guillotine in 1794.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1831        Aug 9, 1st US steam engine train run was from Albany to Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1842        Aug 9, The United States and Canada signed the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, resolving a border dispute between Maine and Canada's New Brunswick.
    (AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)

1848        Aug 9, The Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merged with the Free Soil Party and nominated Martin Van Buren for president at its convention in Buffalo, N.Y. The Hunkers and the Barnburners were two factions within the Democratic Party of New York split over the slavery issue in 1848. They injected the issue into the Democratic National Convention held in Baltimore in 1848 when they both sent delegations. The Barnburners (who were also known as the "Softs" while the Hunkers were called the "Hards") were firm supporters of the Wilmot Proviso of 1846 that sought to restrict the spread of slavery to newly acquired territory.
    (AP, 8/9/97)(HNQ, 11/28/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1854        Aug 9, Henry David Thoreau published "Walden," in which he described his experiences while living near Walden Pond on Cape Cod in Massachusetts.
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.44)(AP, 8/9/97)

1859        Aug 9, The escalator was patented. The first working escalator appeared in 1900.  Manufactured by the Otis Elevator Company for the Paris Exposition, it was installed in a Philadelphia office building the following year.
    (HN, 8/9/00)

1862        Aug 9, Hector Berlioz' opera "Beatrice et Benedict," premiered in Baden-Baden.
    (MC, 8/9/02)
1862        Aug 9, At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson repelled an attack by Union forces. Gen. Charles S. Winder was killed.
    (HN, 8/9/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1875        Aug 9, Albert William Ketelbey, composer (In a Monastery Garden), was born in Aston, England.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1885        Aug 9, Pietro Frosini (d.1951), renowned as much for his compositions as for his accordion playing, was born Pietro Giuffrida to a farming family on in the Mascalucia province of Catania, Sicily.
    (www.accordionusa.com/fe_03_07.htm)

1896        Aug 9, Leonide Massine, Russian-born US choreographer (Diaghilev Ballet Russe 1914-20), was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.882)(MC, 8/9/02)
1896        Aug 9, Jean Piaget, psychologist who did pioneering work on the development of children's intellectual faculties, was born.
    (HN, 8/9/98)
1896        Aug 9, Otto Lilienthal, German aerodynamic engineer, made his last glide when his glider No. 11 was upset by a sudden gust of wind and he was unable to regain control. Lilienthal broke his back in the crash and died the next day in a Berlin clinic. He had made more than 2,000 test flights in gliders and convinced many people that flight was possible and set the stage for early aviation. He once wrote that "we must fly and fall, fly and fall until we can fly without falling." He also influenced flight theory by using bird flight as a model for the basis of aviation.
    (HNPD, 8/9/98)

1899        Aug 9, Pamela Lyndon Travers (P.L. Travers), author of the Mary Poppins books, was born.
    (HN, 8/9/00)

1902        Aug 9, Edward VII was crowned king of England following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
    (SFEM, 1/26/97, p.40)(AP, 8/9/98)

1904        Aug 9, Friedrich Ratzel (59), German social-geographer (Lebensraum), died.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1910        Aug 9, Alva Fisher patented the first complete, self-contained electric washing machine.
    (HN, 8/9/00)(MC, 8/9/02)

1913        Aug 9, Herman Eugene Talmadge (d.2002), later George state governor and US Senator, was born.
    (SFC, 3/22/02, p.A27)

1918        Aug 9, Mother Marianne Cope (b.1838), a nun from Utica, New York, died in Kalaupapa, Hawaii. She had cared for lepers exiled to the Kalaupapa Peninsula. In 2012 she was named a saint in the Catholic church.
    (AP, 10/20/12)

1919        Aug 9, Ruggiero Leoncavallo (62), Italian composer (Pagliacci), died.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1927        Aug 9, Robert Shaw, actor and writer, was born in England.
    (HN, 8/9/00)(MC, 8/9/02)

1928        Aug 9, Bob Cousey, Hall of Fame basketball player and coach of the Boston Celtics, was born in NYC.
    (http://www.nba.com/history/players/cousy_bio.html)

1930        Aug 9, A forerunner of the cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut in Max Fleischer’s animated short "Dizzy Dishes."
    (AP, 8/9/00)

1931        Aug 9, In Germany two Berlin police officers were shot and killed during a Communist demonstration. In 1993 Erich Mielke (d.2000 at 92), former head of the East German Stasi, was convicted for participating in the shooting.
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.D3)

1936        Aug 9, Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympics as the United States took first place in the 400-meter relay.
    (AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)

1938        Aug 9, Leo Frobenius (1873-1938), German ethnologist and archaeologist, died in Italy. He undertook his first expedition to Africa in 1904 to the Kasai district in Congo. Frobenius had taught at the University of Frankfurt. In 1925, the city acquired his collection of about 4700 prehistorical African stone paintings, which are currently at the University's institute of ethnology, which was named the Frobenius Institute in his honor in 1946.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Frobenius)

1941        Aug 9, US President Franklin Roosevelt and PM Winston Churchill met at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. Their meeting produced the August 14 Atlantic Charter, an agreement between the two countries on war aims, even though the US was still a neutral country.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Charter)

1942        Aug 9, Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others were arrested in Bombay after the passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1943        Aug 9, Bertolt Brecht's "Galileo," premiered in Zurich.
    (MC, 8/9/02)
1943        Aug 9, Franz Jaegerstaetter, an avowed conscientious objector, was executed outside Berlin for treason after his request to be excused from regular army service for religious reasons was denied. The married father of four was posthumously exonerated in 1997 by a Berlin court. In 2007 he was beatified by the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
1943        Aug 9, Chaim Soutine (b.1893), Jewish expressionist painter, died in Paris of a perforated ulcer.
    (WSJ, 5/14/98, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaim_Soutine)

1944        Aug 9, Smokey Bear debuted as spokesman for fire prevention. The image of "Smokey the Bear" was created by an artist as the official forest-fire spokesbear. He was named in 1945 reportedly in honor of Smokey Joe Martin, asst. chief of the New York City Fire Dept. A real bear from a 1950 New Mexico fire was pressed into service and lived until 1976 at the Washington National Zoo. [see 1945]
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.T6)(ON, 4/03, p.9)
1944        Aug 9, 258 black American sailors based at Port Chicago, Calif., refused to load a munitions ship following the Jul 17 explosion of another ship that killed 320 men, two-thirds of them black. The sailors were court-martialed, fined and imprisoned for their refusal.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
1944        Aug 9, The Halyard Mission began rescuing over 500 bomber fliers shot down over Serbia. This mission was a combined project of the American Strategic Services (OSS - precursor of the CIA) under the command of General William J. Donovan, Lt. George (Guv) S. Musulin, of the OSS and an American of Serbian descent, and General Draza Mihailovich and his Serbian chetnik freedom fighters in the former Yugoslavia. In 2007 Gregory A Freeman authored “The Forgotten 500: The Untold Story of the Men Who risked All for the Greatest Rescue Mission of World War II."    
    (www.generalmihailovich.com/2006/09/halyard-mission-rescue-operation.html)(SFC, 10/18/10, p.A5)

1945        Aug 9, The 10,000 lb. plutonium bomb, Fat Man, was dropped over Nagasaki after the primary objective of Kokura was passed due to visibility problems. It killed an estimated 74,000 people. The B-29 bomber plane Bock's Car so named for its assigned pilot, Fred Bock, was piloted by Captain Charles W. Sweeney (d.2004). Kermit Beahan (d.1989) was the bombardier.
    (WSJ, 7/19/95, p.A-12)(AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)(SFC, 3/17/00, p.D6)(HNQ, 3/31/00)

1960        Aug 9, There was a race riot in Jacksonville Florida.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1961        Aug 9, The United Kingdom applied for membership in the European Community.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1961/index_en.htm)

1962        Aug 9, Hermann Hesse (85), winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1946), died in Switzerland.
    (iUniv. 7/2/00)(MC, 8/9/02)

1965        Aug 9, Singapore proclaimed its independence from the Malaysian Federation. Singapore became independent from Britain and was booted from the Malayan federation. Lee Kuan Yew became the new prime minister. This day is marked annually as Singapore’s National Day.
    (AP, 8/9/97)(WSJ,6/11/96,p.A9A)(SFC,6/8/96,p.A11)(WSJ,12/31/96, p.1)

1967        Aug 9, Joe Orton (34), English actor, playwright (What the Butler Saw, Loot), was murdered (bludgeoned with a hammer) while he slept by his male lover. In 1978 John Lahr authored “Prick Up Your Ears," a biography of Orton.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Orton)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P8)

1968        Aug 9, The 267-day Detroit newspaper strike ended.
    (www.loc.gov/rr/news/chronological/exception_report.html)

1969        Aug 9, Actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found brutally murdered in her Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime. Charles Manson's followers killed actress Sharon Tate and her three guests in her Beverly Hills home. The dead included Abigail Folger and Voyteck Freykowski.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, z1 p.4)(AP, 8/9/97)(HN, 8/9/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1971        Aug 9, British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland when almost 300 men were arrested and interned under the Special Powers Act in dawn swoops that ended around August 14th. Not one unionist extremist was interned. Word soon got out of the internment camps that the men were being routinely mistreated and tortured. Sectarian attacks continued, supported by the British army. These actions and other repressive actions by the British administration of the time lead to the peaceful march which turned bloody on 30 January 1972, now known as Bloody Sunday.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A18)(www.bloodysundaytrust.org/eduintern.htm)

1972        Aug 9, The pesticide Compound 1080, or sodium fluoroacetate, was banned as of this day by the EPA. It had been used against coyotes but other animals were dying from its use. It was reinstated in 1985 for use in livestock protection collars. DDT was banned.
    {Chemistry, Environment, USA, Animals}
    (http://fluoridealert.org/pesticides/sodium.fluoroacetate.epa.90.htm)(SFC, 5/17/97, p.A17)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A3)

1974        Aug 9, President Nixon's resignation took effect. Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th US President (1974-1976). Ford said "Our long national nightmare is over" after he assumed the presidency following Richard Nixon‘s resignation. After being sworn in, Ford spoke in the White House‘s East Room and said, "My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over." It was a line that Ford initially objected to saying, feeling it was a little hard on Nixon. In 2007 Robert Dallek authored “Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power."
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, p.T8,9)(HN, 8/9/98)(HNQ, 6/23/00)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.87)
1974        Aug 9, Trumpeter Bill Chase (b.1934) and 3 members of the Chase Band died in a plane crash while enroute to a performance in Minnesota. Lead guitarist Angel South (aka Lucien Gondron d. 1998 at 55) had struck out on his own solo career.
    (http://jazzworks.wordpress.com/2007/11/02/bill-chase-1934-1974/)

1975        Aug 9, Samuel Bronfman (21), the eldest son of Seagram distillery owner, Edgar Bronfman, was kidnapped in suburban New York and held for ransom for over a week. A $2.3 million ransom was paid. Samuel was rescued in a raid on a Brooklyn apartment. a former limousine operator and former fireman were later convicted of extortion and spent several years in prison.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.C8)
1975        Aug 9, Dimitri D. Shostakovitch (b.1906) Soviet composer of 15 symphonies, died. His work included Sun Over Motherland and the Violin Concerto No. 2. Symphony No. 13, "Babi Yar," written to commemorate the massacre of Jews during WW II. It premiered in the US in 1970. Symphony No. 12, "The Year 1917," was dedicated to the memory of Lenin. In 2004 Solomon Volkov authored Shostakovich and Stalin: The Extraordinary Relationship Between the Great Composer and the Brutal Dictator."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1320)(SFC, 1/30/98, p.E5)(HN, 9/25/98)(WSJ, 6/29/99, p.A12)(SSFC, 3/28/04, p.M3)

1976        Aug 9, John Roselli (b.1905), Chicago mobster hired by the CIA to kill Castro, was found murdered. His decomposing body was found in a 55-gallon steel fuel drum floating in Dumfounding Bay near Miami, Florida. Roselli had been strangled and stabbed and his legs were sawed off.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Roselli)

1978        Aug 9, A California statewide Teamsters warehouse workers strike began.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)
1978        Aug 9, James G. Cozzens (b.1903), US writer (Guard of Honor, Pulitzer), died. His novels included “The Last Adam" (1933), “The Just and the Unjust" (1942), “Guard of Honor" (1948; Pulitzer Prize), “By Love Possessed" (1957), and “Morning, Noon, and Night" (1968).
    (http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/cozzens.html)

1979        Aug 9, In California Forrest Silva Tucker, William McGirk and John Waller escaped from San Quentin prison in a hand made kayak named Rub-a-Dub-Dub. McGirk (38) was captured Oct 31. Waller was recaptured within months. Tucker was caught after a few years in Boston in a credit scam but was released in error. He was later identified as a member of the Massachusetts "Over the Hill Gang" and in 1999 was caught on suspicion of robbing a Florida bank.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A1,4)(SFC, 10/29/04, p.F11)

1982        Aug 9, A federal judge in Washington ordered John W. Hinckley Jr., who had been acquitted of shooting President Ronald Reagan and three others by reason of insanity, committed to a mental hospital.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
1982        Aug 9, In France grenade-throwing Palestinians burst into the Jo Goldenberg deli in Paris, and sprayed machine-gun fire. 6 people, including two Americans, were killed, and 21 injured. In 2015 international arrest warrants were issued for three suspects, who were believed to be members of the Abu Nidal group. On June 1, 2015, Souhaur Mouhamad Hassan Khalil Al-Abbassi, the alleged chief of the attack, was arrested in Jordan.
    (AP, 3/4/15)(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A3)

1985        Aug 9, A federal judge in Norfolk, Va., found retired Navy officer Arthur J. Walker guilty of seven counts of spying for the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 8/9/97)

1987        Aug 9, Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh, vowing to investigate the Iran-Contra affair "vigorously but fairly," told a meeting of the American Bar Association in San Francisco that he would not be deterred by the "popularity of persons involved."
    (AP, 8/9/97)

1988        Aug 9, President Reagan nominated Lauro Cavazos to be secretary of education; Cavazos became the first Hispanic to serve in the Cabinet.
    (AP, 8/9/98)
1988        Aug 9, Hockey star Wayne Gretzky of the Edmonton Oilers was traded to the Los Angeles Kings.
    (AP, 8/9/98)

1989        Aug 9, The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 was signed by Pres. George H.W. Bush. It allowed prosecutors more time to bring cases, compel testimony and apply a lower burden of proof involving banks.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cl36wsp)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.23)
1989        Aug 9, Toshiki Kaifu was elected prime minister of Japan, succeeding Sousuke Uno.
    (AP, 8/9/99)
1989        Aug 9, In Mexico, a train fell into the San Rafael River after a bridge collapsed, killing 112 people.
    (AP, 8/9/99)

1990        Aug 9, A week after Iraq invaded Kuwait, Western European diplomats and Arab witnesses reported that Iraq had virtually sealed its borders, preventing thousands of foreigners from leaving Iraq or Kuwait.
    (AP, 8/9/00)

1991        Aug 9, In Peru Polish priests Michael Tomaszek and Zbigniew Strazalkowski were shot in the head in the rural district of Pariacoto. A few weeks later Italian priest Alessandro Dordi was also killed. All three were beatified in 2015.
    (SSFC, 12/6/15, p.A6)
1991        Aug 9, In South Africa, hundreds of police battled neo-Nazis as pro-apartheid extremists tried to stop a speech by President F.W. de Klerk.
    (AP, 8/9/01)

1992        Aug 9, Closing ceremonies were held for the Barcelona Summer Olympics, with the Unified Team of former Soviet republics winning 112 medals to 108 for the United States.
    (AP, 8/9/97)

1993        Aug 9, Reputed "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to five counts of pandering and one count of selling cocaine. Fleiss was convicted in 1994 of three counts of pandering and acquitted of the drug charge, but the verdicts were later thrown out due to jury misconduct. She eventually pleaded guilty to attempted pandering.
    (AP, 8/9/98)
1993        Aug 9, Mohamed M. Tabet (54), commissar of Casablanca, was executed by firing squad. He had committed violent acts against some 16000 women.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7lwt4)

1994        Aug 9, A divided US Senate opened formal debate on legislation to provide health insurance for millions of Americans without it.
    (AP, 8/8/99)
1994        Aug 9, Sen. Manuel Cepeda was gunned down on his way to work in Bogota. In 1999 Sgt. Justo Zuniga and Sgt. Hernando Medina were found guilty of participating in the murder. They acted on orders from Col. Rodolfo Herrera Luna, commander of the Ninth Brigade, who died of a heart attack in 1996. In 2010 Colombia's government acknowledged responsibility in the killing and asked forgiveness.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.C20)(AP, 1/29/10)

1995        Aug 9, Netscape Communications went public and was valued at $2.2 billion. In 1999 Jim Clark and Owen Edwards authored "Netscape Time: The Making of the Billion-Dollar Start-Up That Took on Microsoft."
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)(SFEC, 6/27/99, BR p.6)
1995        Aug 9, A Boeing 737 belonging to Guatemala’s Aviateca airline hit the Chichontepec volcano in El Salvador on a flight from Miami and killed all 65 on board.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)
1995        Aug 9, Jerry Garcia, guitarist and lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in San Francisco of a heart attack at age 53. In 1999 Blair Jackson authored "Garcia: An American Life." In 2002 Dennis McNally authored "A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead."
    (WSJ, 8/11/95, p.A7)(AP, 8/9/97)(SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.1)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.M1)

1996        Aug 9, In Jacksonville, Fla., a jury held the Brown and Williamson Tobacco Co. liable for the lung cancer of Grady Carter and awarded damages of $750,000.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 9, Bob Dole telephoned Jack Kemp to ask him to be his running mate; Kemp accepted.
    (AP, 8/9/97)
1996        Aug 9, Frank A. Whittle (89), inventor of the Jet engine, died.
    (www.allstar.fiu.edu/aerojava/whittle.htm)
1996        Aug 9, In Burundi suspected Hutu rebels killed 22 in Cibitoke province.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 9, In India there was an incident of food poisoning caused by Clostridium botulinum. 106 people fell ill and 6 died after eating at a canteen in the town of Bhiwandi, 80 miles north of Bombay. Seeds from a poisonous weed also became suspect.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A20) (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 9, A weary-looking Boris Yeltsin was sworn into his second term as president of Russia.
    (AP, 8/9/97)
1996        Aug 9, Pyotr Karpov, a Russian deputy agent in declaring whether state-owned firms should be declared bankrupt, was charged with taking bribes in 1994 in Saratov. He was arrested 2 weeks ago and sent to prison in Saratov.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A16)

1997        Aug 9, In NYC police officer Justin Volpe sodomized Abner Louima in the bathroom of the 70th precinct in Brooklyn. [see Aug 13] In 1999 Volpe was sentenced to 30 years in prison and ordered to pay $277,495 in restitution. In 2001 a tentative settlement awarded Abner Louima $9 million.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/14/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/23/01, p.A4)
1997        Aug 9, An Amtrak train derailed on a bridge near Kingman, Arizona, and 183 of 350 passengers were injured. A flash flood had undermined supports for a small bridge.
    (WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/9/07)
1997        Aug 9, In Brazil Herbert Jose de Souza, sociologist, died at age 60 of AIDS that he acquired as a hemophiliac from contaminated blood. He spent his life fighting inequality, hunger and police brutality.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A15)
1997        Aug 9, In Indonesia huge fires in tropical forests and plantations on Sumatra and Borneo and Java were blamed on slash-and-burn farming techniques. Fires originally set by developers to clear forest for palm plantations in Borneo and Sumatra ran out of control and darkened skies across much of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The World Bank estimated that 8% of total global emission of greenhouse gases for the year were due to the fires.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)(SFC, 9/25/97, p.A11)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.74)
1997        Aug 9, It was reported that 800,000 children of North Korea were in immediate danger of dying from malnutrition. UNICEF was appealing for a $14.3 million emergency fund for supplies such as high-energy milk.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A9)

1998        Aug 9, Americans, Kenyans and Tanzanians held church and memorial services to mourn those killed in bombing attacks on two U.S. embassies.
    (AP, 8/9/99)
1998        Aug 9, A strike by 73,000 telephone workers of NYC-based Bell Atlantic began.
    (SFC, 8/10/98, p.A2)
1998        Aug 9, In Afghanistan victory in the battle for Mazar-i-Sharif was claimed by both sides.
    (WSJ, 8/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 9, In London, England, the 13th Anglican Lambeth Conference, which had opened on July 18, closed. The 749 bishops present declared that homosexual acts were incompatible with scripture, but that gays were loved by God.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.50)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambeth_Conferences)
1998        Aug 9, In China engineers blew up secondary dikes in Jianli County, 90 miles upriver from Wushan, to relieve pressure from the swollen Yangtze and the worst floods in 44 years.
    (SFC, 8/10/98, p.A12)(AP, 8/9/99)
1998        Aug 9, In Peru Pres. Pastrana replaced the top leaders of the military.
    (WSJ, 8/10/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 9, In South Korea flooding over the last 7 days claimed 165 lives that included 3 US soldiers.
    (WSJ, 8/10/98, p.A1)

1999        Aug 9, Pres. Clinton presented former Pres. Jimmy Carter and Rosalynn Carter the Medal of Freedom, the highest US civilian award. Other recipients included Lloyd Bentson, former US Treasury secretary; Gerald Ford, former US president; Edgar M. Bronfman, Pres. of the World Jewish Congress; Evy Dubrow, International Ladies Garment Workers Union representative; Sister M. Isolina Ferre, founder and chief executive officer of four community service centers in Puerto Rico; Oliver White Hill, civil rights lawyer; Max Kampelman lawyer, negotiator and diplomat; and Edgar Wayburn, five time president and a member of the board of directors of the Sierra Club.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.A3)(www.medaloffreedom.com/1999Recipients.htm)
1999        Aug 9, In Algiers 2 bombings left 3 people dead and 10 wounded.
    (SFC, 8/11/99, p.C4)
1999        Aug 9, In Angola police shut down Radio Ecclesia, a Roman Catholic radio station that was one of the few independent sources of information in the country.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.A10)
1999         Aug 9, In Japan the parliament adopted the Rising Sun flag as the national symbol and an ode to the emperor.
    (WSJ, 8/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 9, Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin and the entire Cabinet, marking the fourth time in 17 months he had fired the government. Yeltsin named Vladimir Putin, a former KGB agent, the new prime minister.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/9/00)
1999        Aug 9, Four large apparel corporations settled out of court in a suit to end sweatshop labor in Saipan. Nordstrom, J. Crew, Cutter & Buck and Gymboree agreed to pay $1.25 million to reimburse workers for recruitment fees and to set up a program to monitor island contractors.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 9, In Yemen 8 Britons and 2 Algerians were convicted and sentenced to 7 years in prison for plotting terrorist acts.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.A10)

2000        Aug 9, Bridgestone / Firestone Inc. announced the recall of 6.5 million tires used mainly on Ford SUVs and light trucks due to 46 [88] deaths and over [250] 300 accidents related to the tires.
    (SFC, 8/10/00, p.A2)(SFC, 9/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 9, Nicholas Samuel Markowitz (b.1984), having been kidnapped in Los Angeles, was murdered near Santa Barbara after a feud over drug money between his half-brother Benjamin Markowitz and Jesse James Hollywood (20). The murder inspired the 2006 film “Alpha Dog." Hollywood was not present at the murder, but ordered it. He immediately skipped town, but was arrested five years later in Saquarema, Brazil, with his pregnant girlfriend Marcia Reis. In July, 2009, he was convicted of first-degree murder and kidnapping and jurors recommended life in prison. In 2010 Hollywood was sentenced to life in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Markowitz)(SFC, 7/16/09, p.A6)(SFC, 2/6/10, p.A6)
2000        Aug 9, In New Jersey 2 small planes collided in midair and the bulk of one plane crashed through the roof a house. All 11 passengers were killed.
    (SFC, 8/10/00, p.A3)
2000        Aug 9, In Texas Brian Keith Roberson (36) was executed for the 1986 stabbing deaths of an elderly couple in Dallas. Oliver Cruz (33) was executed for the 1988 abduction, rape and fatal stabbing of a 24-year-old woman in San Antonio.
    (SFC, 8/10/00, p.A2)
2000        Aug 9, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid announced that he would hand over daily government operations to Vice Pres. Megawati Sukarno.
    (SFC, 8/10/00, p.A10)
2000        Aug 9, In Spain Francisco Casanova Vicente, army officer, was shot twice in the back as he arrived home in Pamplona. The murder was blamed on the ETA.
    (SFC, 8/10/00, p.A11)

2001        Aug 9, Pres. Bush announced that he would allow taxpayer dollars to be used for stem cell research limited to some 5 dozen existing stem cell lines.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 9, It was reported that the US had decided to pay China $34,567 to cover the costs of the spy plane that was detained on Hainan island. China had asked for $1 million and rejected the offer.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A12)(SFC, 8/13/01, p.A12)
2001        Aug 9, In Colombia an explosion killed 3 children and injured 35 in the northern town of San Francisco. Police blamed the ELN.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A18)
2001        Aug 9, In the Comoros islands military troops staged a bloodless coup on the island of Anjouan due to grievances over promotions and pay.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A18)
2001        Aug 9, In Indonesia Pres. Sukarnoputri named a new Cabinet stacked with specialists instead of politicians. In Aceh province police and rebels accused each other of massacring 31 people.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A16)(WSJ, 8/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 9, The IRA offered publicly to put its arsenal of weapons "completely and verifiably beyond use."
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A16)
2001        Aug 9, In Jerusalem a Palestinian suicide bomber, Izzadine Masri, killed himself and 15 others at the Sbarro pizzeria. 90 people were wounded. Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 8/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A14)(AP, 8/9/06)
2001        Aug 9, In Macedonia government forces battled rebels for control of Tetovo and one policeman was killed. A peace agreement was scheduled to be formally signed Aug 13.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A12)

2002        Aug 9, Oscar-winning actor and National Rifle Association president Charlton Heston, 78, revealed that doctors had told him he had symptoms consistent with Alzheimer's disease.
    (AP, 8/8/03)
2002        Aug 9, Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 600th homerun and joined the ranks of Henry Aaron (660), Babe Ruth (714) and Willie Mays (755).
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 9, The Bush administration said the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act does not extend beyond the few miles of territorial waters.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A3)
2002        Aug 9, US officials said they broke up an int'l. child pornography ring headquartered in Clovis, Ca. 10 Americans were arrested in Operation Hamlet. Lloyd Alan Emmerson (45), chiropractor, was arrested Jan 26 on a tip from Danish police.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A1,11)(SFC, 8/13/02, p.A13)
2002        Aug 9, Kris Eggle (28), Arizona park ranger, was killed by a gunman at the Mexican border of organ Pipe Cactus National Monument.
    (WSJ, 1/22/03, p.A1)
2002        Aug 9, In eastern Afghanistan a powerful explosion ripped through an Afghan construction firm's building in the city of Jalalabad, killing 21 people and injuring 85 others.
    (AP, 8/9/02)(SFC, 8/10/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 9, China reported 70 people dead from landslides and flooding in Hunan province.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 9, In Colombia fighting among outlaw groups for control of a gold mine and cocaine crops in the mountainous north killed 50 fighters. 4 policemen were killed in a rebel ambush in central Colombia in the town of Paz de Ariporo. Army soldiers killed two rebels in the southern town of San Vicente del Caguan.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, In central Colombia hundreds of soldiers attacked the Metro Block right-wing paramilitary force, killing and capturing dozens of fighters outside Segovia. Paramilitary commander Rodrigo later said that an army soldier executed 24 paramilitary men along a roadside near Segovia.
    (AP, 8/10/02)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.A16)(AP, 8/18/02)
2002        Aug 9, In northeastern Congo United Nations observers discovered a grave containing the hacked bodies of 38 women and children outside Bunia.
    (AP, 8/10/02)
2002        Aug 9, Makiko Tanaka, former Japanese foreign minister, resigned as a member of parliament after failing to clear up allegations she had misused state funds.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, Myanmar's junta freed 14 political prisoners, but the move was far short of the release of all prisoners of conscience that opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has demanded as a precondition for national reconciliation.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, Three Pakistani nurses were killed when militants lobbed two grenades at a crowd of women leaving a missionary hospital chapel, the second assault on a Christian target in Pakistan in less than a week.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, President Kim Dae-jung named the head of South Korea's largest business newspaper as prime minister, the day after the opposition took control of parliament in a by-election landslide.
    (Reuters, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, Rescue workers found the bodies of 19 people killed swept away by rushing water near Russia's Black Sea coast after some of Europe's worst flooding in decades turned rivers and streets into torrents. At least 27 people died, 21 of them in Russia.
    (AP, 8/9/02)
2002        Aug 9, In Zimbabwe a government deadline for the white farmers to give up their land passed without incident, and it remained uncertain if police would try to forcibly evict them.
    (AP, 8/9/02)

2003        Aug 9, The US Army fired up its first chemical weapons incinerator located near a residential area, outside Anniston, Ala., to destroy two rockets loaded with enough sarin nerve agent to wipe out a city.
    (SSFC, 8/10/03, p.A4)(AP, 8/9/08)
2003        Aug 9, Gregory Hines (57), considered the greatest tap dancer of his generation, died of cancer in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 9, In northeastern Brazil 84 inmates from a maximum security prison escaped through a tunnel.
    (AP, 8/9/03)
2003        Aug 9, Mitar Rasevic, Bosnian Serb prison chief of 37 guards at the KP-Dom detention facility in Foca, surrendered in Belgrade to the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal. He was wanted on charges of enslavement, torture and murder at the wartime prison.
    (AP, 8/15/03)

2004        Aug 9, Oil prices for September delivery of light crude hit a record high of $44.98 since trading began in NYC in 1983.
    (SFC, 8/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 9, In McAlester, Oklahoma, District Judge Steven Taylor sentenced Terry Nichols to 161 consecutive life sentences for the 1995 Oklahoma City federal building bombing. Terry Nichols, addressing a court for the first time, asked victims of the blast for forgiveness
    (SFC, 8/10/04, p.A3)(AP, 8/9/05)
2004        Aug 9, Trump Hotels and Casino Resorts Inc. announced it would soon file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. 3 Trump properties had filed for bankruptcy in 1992.
    (SFC, 8/11/04, p.C1)
2004        Aug 9, David Raksin (92), Oscar-nominated movie and TV composer, died in Van Nuys, Calif.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2004        Aug 9, The death toll from this season's monsoon rains across South Asia passed 2,000, as authorities in India reported that 39 bodies were found floating in receding flood waters and four children were killed when a house collapsed.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
2004        Aug 9, Forensic experts said they found a mass grave in the waste dump of a coal mine in eastern Bosnia, which they suspect may contain the bodies of about 350 Muslims who disappeared from a Bosnian Serb detention centre during the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
2004        Aug 9, Al Sadr, whose loyalists battled U.S. troops for a fifth straight day, vowed to fight to the death. A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb northeast of Baghdad, killing six people and wounding the deputy governor who was the intended target.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
2004        Aug 9, Four masked, black-clad men who said they belong to a group that has claimed responsibility for kidnappings and killings in Iraq beheaded a man identified only as a Bulgarian in a video posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 8/9/04)
2004        Aug 9, In Japan a nonradioactive steam leak killed 5 people and injured seven in the worst-ever accident at a nuclear power plant in Fukui prefecture. The No. 3 reactor of the Mihama Nuclear Power Plant was shutdown and not restarted until January 2007.
    (AP, 8/9/04)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.54)(AP, 1/9/07)
2004        Aug 9, Mauritania arrested renegade officers and Islamic extremists to break up what officials said was a brewing coup involving a terror campaign.
    (WSJ, 8/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 9, Officials in South Africa prepared to kill some 30,000 ostriches following the deaths of over 1,500 due to avian influenza.
    (SFC, 8/10/04, p.A3)

2005        Aug 9, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by a quarter point to 3.5%. It marked the 10th increase since tightening began in 2004.
    (SFC, 8/10/05, p.C1)
2005        Aug 9, The US State Department said the US will begin issuing electronic passports in December to help tighten border and identity security.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, A three-judge panel of the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta ordered a new trial after agreeing with defense attorneys who challenged the 2001 convictions five Cuban intelligence agents. All five acknowledged being Cuban agents but said they were spying on "terrorist" exile groups opposed to Castro, not the U.S. government.
    (AP, 8/10/05)
2005        Aug 9, Charles McCoy Jr. pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter and 10 other charges in a series of Ohio highway shootings and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2005        Aug 9, Officials in San Jose, Ca., opened their new $390 million, 18-story City Hall. It was designed by Richard Meier with an original budget of $214 million.
    (SFC, 8/10/05, p.B4)
2005        Aug 9, In Tennessee inmate George Hyatte escaped after his wife shot and killed a guard escorting him outside the Kingston courthouse. A tip from a cabbie the next day led police to arrest George and Jennifer Hyatte at a budget motel in Columbus, Ohio.
    (SFC, 8/10/05, p.A6)(AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 9, Discovery and its crew of seven glided back to Earth ending a 14-day test of space shuttle safety. NASA’s STS 114 flight was shadowed by the ghosts of Columbia
    (AP, 8/9/05)(Econ, 8/13/05, p.68)
2005        Aug 9, Abe Hirschfield, immigrant multi-millionaire, died in NYC. Hirschfield was born in Poland but grew up in Israel. His 1986 autobiography was titled “An Accidental Wedding."
    (SFC, 8/10/05, p.B7)
2005        Aug 9, Matthew McGrory (32), the deep-voiced 7-foot-plus actor who moved from appearances on Howard Stern's radio show to a high-profile role as a gentle giant in the movie "Big Fish," died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 8/10/05)
2005        Aug 9, Judith Rossner (b.1935) author of "Looking for Mr. Goodbar" (1975), died.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, BR p.4)(SFC, 8/12/05, p.B9)
2005        Aug 9, A roadside bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan killed a US service member, the fifth American casualty in a week. Suspected Taliban rebels gunned down an Afghan woman accused of spying for the coalition.
    (AP, 8/10/05)
2005        Aug 9, Qari Amadullah, a suspected Taliban rebel leader, died in heavy fighting in eastern Afghanistan. 5 other militants were killed and 3 US soldiers were wounded during the clash.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 9, Australia’s Foreign Minister Alexander Downer said Australia and China are negotiating an agreement to allow Australia to export uranium to China for peaceful purposes.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, In Chechnya gunmen sprayed bullets at a car in Grozny, killing one person, wounding a child in the head, and setting the vehicle ablaze.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, China’s official media reported that 123 miners trapped in south China have little chance of survival. One body was recovered the next day.
    (AP, 8/9/05)(AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 9, In Ethiopia the National Electoral Board released results for the May 15 election. The ruling coalition captured a majority in parliamentary elections shadowed by fraud allegations and deadly violence.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, Suez, a French water and power company, announced a $14 billion purchase of 49.9% of the shares of Electrabel, a Belgian electricity firm.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.52)
2005        Aug 9, A suicide bomber struck near a US convoy in Baghdad and gunmen opened fire on police patrols around the city in attacks that killed at least 16 people.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, In Iraq 4 American soldiers were killed when insurgents attacked their patrol in the northern city of Beiji, and a car bomb targeting a joint U.S.-Iraqi patrol in Baghdad killed seven people, including one US soldier.
    (AP, 8/10/05)
2005        Aug 9, Murders in Jamaica reached 1,028, up 25% from 2004.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.32)
2005        Aug 9, In Pakistan Derik Cyprian, a former Cabinet minister who disappeared Aug. 2, was found strangled to death on a dirt road on the outskirts of Lahore.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, South Africa’s Johannesburg Women’s Jail reopened its doors as a museum.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.74)
2005        Aug 9, In Sudan Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the commander of the Sudan People's Liberation Army was inaugurated as Sudan's first vice president and president of the new, autonomous southern government.
    (AP, 8/9/05)
2005        Aug 9, Francois Dalle (87), former chief executive of L'Oreal (1957-1984) and credited with transforming the French cosmetics company into a global giant, died in Geneva.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 9, Six of Venezuela's indigenous communities received title to their ancestral lands in a ceremony that Venezuela's president said reversed centuries of injustice. An estimated 300,000 Venezuelans belong to 28 indigenous groups, many living in the country's sparsely populated southeast.
    (AP, 8/9/05)

2006        Aug 9, The White House said neither Israel nor Hezbollah should escalate their month-old war, as Israel decided to widen its ground invasion in southern Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2006        Aug 9, In Ohio Osama Sabhi Abulhassan (20) and Ali Houssaiky (20), both of Dearborn, Mich., were charged with money laundering in support of terrorism after authorities said they found airplane passenger lists and information on airport security checkpoints in their car.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, The American Humane Society said it will give China $100,000 to vaccinate dogs against rabies if it promises to immediately stop their mass slaughter in areas where humans have died from the disease.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, Physicist James A. Van Allen (91), who discovered the radiation belts surrounding the Earth that now bear his name, died in Iowa City, Iowa.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2006        Aug 9, Hamid Karzai, Afghanistan's first democratically elected president, strongly hinted in an interview that he will not run for another term in office. A roadside bomb killed 2 Afghan soldiers and wounded 3 as they returned after a mission to help police surrounded by insurgents in Paktika province. In the eastern province of Nuristan US soldiers and warplanes drove off an insurgent attack on a new American base, killing 19 militants. Local authorities pleaded for emergency relief for thousands of villagers made homeless by heavy rain and flooding that has ravaged provinces in eastern Afghanistan and left at least 35 people dead.
    (AP, 8/9/06)(AP, 8/10/06)
2006        Aug 9, Roland Horngacher, Vienna's top police commander, was suspended from duty on suspicion of improperly accepting gifts, including travel vouchers from the former head of an Austrian bank linked to the collapse of U.S. commodities broker Refco Inc.
    (AP, 8/10/06)
2006        Aug 9, In Buenos Aires Raul Antonio Guglielminetti, a former intelligence agent and two retired military officers, were arrested in connection with human rights abuses dating to Argentina's "Dirty War" against political dissent.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 9, In Brazil suspected gang members threw homemade bombs, sent banks on fire, and torched buses in the region and two other cities overnight in Sao Paulo state. In Rio de Janeiro gunbattles between gangs vying for control of the city's lucrative drug trade have resulted in the deaths of 19 people since Aug 6.
    (AP, 8/10/06)
2006        Aug 9, Brazil’s environment ministry said police had arrested 46 people, including 16 agents of the federal environmental protection agency, for allegedly operating illegal logging operations in the Amazon rainforest and in southern Brazil.
    (AP, 8/10/06)
2006        Aug 9, Two teenage Britons were finally found guilty of killing 10-year-old Nigerian schoolboy Damilola Taylor following a six-year investigation marred by legal and forensic blunders. Danny Preddie (18) and Ricky Preddie (19) from Peckham, south London, were convicted of the manslaughter of Taylor who died in November, 2000, after being stabbed in the leg with a broken bottle.
    (Reuters, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, Masked gunmen killed five Indians in Colombia even as UN officials marked World Indigenous Day with a call for illegal combat groups to keep Indians out of the country's armed conflict. Colombian rebels kidnapped two engineers and a helicopter pilot who were part of a seismographic oil exploration crew in Choco state. The National Liberation Army (ELN) was believed to be responsible.
    (AP, 8/10/06)
2006        Aug 9, Ethiopia’s army killed 13 rebels and caught other commanders of the eastern Ogaden National Liberation Front, a separatist movement, after they crossed from Somalia.
    (Reuters, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 9, Kerala, a southern Indian state, banned the sale and production of Coke, Pepsi, Sprite and other soft drinks because of concerns over pesticide contamination. Four Indian states, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh, have already imposed a ban on sale of Coke and Pepsi at colleges, schools and government offices. Several other states have said they are examining the issue.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, In India authorities arrested Pritam Singh, a former army soldier and his wife, for allegedly aborting female fetuses, several of which were found dumped in a well behind an illegal clinic in Patran town, Punjab.
    (AP, 8/10/06)
2006        Aug 9, Swollen rivers swamped thousands of villages and towns across India's south and west, forcing 4.5 million from their homes as rescuers struggled to bring them food and drinking water.
    (Reuters, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, Gunmen on two motorcycles assassinated Col. Qassim Abdel-Qadir, administrative head of an Iraqi army division in the southern city of Basra. A roadside bomb exploded near a US patrol in eastern Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Habibiya, killing one bystander and wounding one US soldier. Police found the bodies of three men who were shot in the head and dumped in two locations in southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, Israel's Security Cabinet approved a wider ground offensive in south Lebanon that was expected to take 30 days as part of a new push to badly damage Hezbollah. Israeli's military struck Lebanon's largest Palestinian refugee camp, killing at least one person and wounding three others. An Israeli airstrike killed a family of 7 in the Bekaa Valley. 15 Israeli soldiers were killed in a single day of fighting. Israel said it killed as many as 40 Hezbollah fighters but a Hezbollah spokesman said only 3 had been killed. Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah warned all Israeli Arabs to leave the port city of Haifa so the militant group could step up attacks without fear of shedding the blood of fellow Muslims.
    (AP, 8/9/06)(SFC, 8/10/06, p.A10)
2006        Aug 9, In Mexico the body of Enrique Perea Quintanilla (50), publisher of the magazine Dos Caras, Una Verdad (Two Faces, One Truth) was found on a dirt road about 10 miles from Chihuahua City. Authorities said that organized crime was likely behind the killing.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 9, Maoist rebels and the Nepal government said they had settled a dispute over monitoring each other's fighters and weapons, a move which revives their peace process and power-sharing plans.
    (AFP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, Two Norwegians and two Ukrainians were kidnapped at gunpoint from an oil services ship off the coast of Nigeria.
    (Reuters, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, In Poland the US specialists secretly removed 90 pounds of weapons-grade uranium from a research reactor and transferred it to Russia for re-processing.
    (SFC, 8/10/06, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/10/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 9, Sergei Skripal (55), a retired colonel in the Russian military intelligence, was sentenced by a military court in Moscow to 13 years imprisonment for passing along state secrets to Britain. He was accused of revealing the names of several dozen Russian agents working in Europe. In 2010 he was released as part of a spy swap with the US.
    (AP, 8/9/06)(AP, 7/9/10)
2006        Aug 9, A South Korean citizens' group said North Korea has requested help from South Korea to cope with devastating floods.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, A Justice Ministry official said Swiss authorities will provide the US with details from bank accounts US investigators suspect of being used for terrorist funding.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
2006        Aug 9, In Venezuela 8 candidates opposing Pres. Chavez called off a primary and agreed to support front runner Gov. Manuel Rosales in the Dec 3 presidential balloting.
    (SFC, 8/10/06, p.A8)

2007        Aug 9, President Bush held a news conference in which he publicly prodded Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, his embattled war-on-terror partner, to hold free presidential elections, share intelligence and take "swift action" against terrorist leaders in his country.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2007        Aug 9, David Beckham made his long-awaited Major League Soccer debut, entering in the 72nd minute of the Los Angeles Galaxy's 1-0 loss to D.C. United.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2007        Aug 9, The US Federal Reserve injected $24 billion to the banking system in the wake of a credit squeeze due to failing subprime mortgages and another $38 billion the next day. The European Central Bank (ECB) offered unlimited loans at 4% to stem the credit squeeze as it extended to Europe.
    (Econ, 8/18/07, p.64)(WSJ, 11/6/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 9, WuXi PharmaTech, a Chinese pharmaceutical research firm, began trading on the NYSE at $14 per share. By Sep 22 its shares had doubled in value.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.79)
2007        Aug 9, President Hamid Karzai said extremism that plagues Afghanistan has crept across the border into Pakistan, at the opening of a 4-day meeting between more than 600 Pakistani and Afghan tribal leaders.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, China banned exports by two toy manufacturers whose products were subject to major recalls in the United States.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2007        Aug 9, A government news agency reported that 2 former bank employees were sentenced to death for stealing $6.7 million from their branch's vault in northern China. Most of the money was spent on lottery tickets.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, The death toll from the worst monsoon floods to hit South Asia in decades passed 2,000 even as torrents of muddy water receded from millions of acres of farmland and rains shifted west.
    (AFP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, Newly declassified documents said Canadian intelligence officials suspected that Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian citizen detained by the US in 2002 as a terror suspect and deported, had been sent to a third country for torture as part of the CIA's "extraordinary rendition" program. Arar was detained in September 2002 by US authorities during a flight stopover in New York while returning home to Canada from a vacation in Tunisia.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 9, In Canada 2 people were killed and six people wounded in an early-morning shooting in a Vancouver restaurant.
    (Reuters, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, In Ecuador Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez offered to help Ecuador build a $5 billion oil refinery, as the socialist leader pledged to spread his government's oil wealth to another South American ally.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 9, French bank BNP Paribas announced big losses on subprime mortgage investments. This marked the beginning of a global economic crisis.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.63)
2007        Aug 9, Iranian officials told Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki that they were doing everything they could to help stabilize his nation, but only a US pullout would bring true peace.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, In Iraq tens of thousands of Shiite pilgrims converged on a golden-domed shrine in northern Baghdad. 7 pilgrims were killed and four wounded when gunmen in a speeding car opened fire and threw hand grenades at them as they were en route to Baghdad from the Dabouniyah area. Gunmen fired on Iraqi soldiers guarding pilgrims in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Yarmouk in western Baghdad, prompting a battle and panic that left one attacker dead and one soldier and three pilgrims wounded. A bomb exploded near the house of a Shiite family, killing a man and his wife, and wounding three, including a 5-year-old child, in the religiously mixed neighborhood of Baiyaa in western Baghdad. 2 British soldiers were killed and two others were seriously wounded when a roadside bomb hit their convoy north of the Rumaylah oil fields west of Basra.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, Lithuanian military leaders welcomed home its small contingent of combat troops from Iraq. The 50 troops were withdrawn last week from the southern Iraqi city of Basra, where they had been serving under Danish command. Lithuania also has 137 soldiers and officers deployed in Afghanistan. In June lawmakers approved plans to send 420 troops to the Middle East, the Balkans, the trans-Caucasus republics and other locations.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, A disaster management agency said more than 520,000 people need urgent food aid in Mozambique while 600,000 face famine between now and April next year.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf decided against declaring a state of emergency in Pakistan and will press ahead with plans to hold free and fair elections.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf extremists ambushed a truckload of troops going to market, then fought a gunbattle with soldiers in pursuit. The death toll included 25 soldiers and 27 militants on the volatile southern island of Jolo.
    (AP, 8/9/07)(AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 9, A small airplane plunged into the sea moments after taking off from the French Polynesian resort island of Moorea, apparently killing all 20 people aboard in the territory's worst-ever plane crash.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 9, Officials said a total of 28 people died and hundreds of homes were destroyed by a series of forest fires which swept through parts of South Africa and Swaziland since the end of last month.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies more than doubled its Sudan floods appeal to almost 5.5 million Swiss francs (4.6 million dollars, 3.3 million euros) after flood waters rose above levels set in 1988.
    (AP, 8/9/07)

2008        Aug 9, In SF the 10th annual Gumball 3000 Rally, an 8-day, 3,000 mile trip across the West Coast, North Korea and China, began with a parade that included some 100 participants who had apparently paid the $120,000 entrance fee.
    (SSFC, 8/10/08, p.B3)
2008        Aug 9, Bernie Mac (50), the actor and comedian, died in Chicago. He had teamed up in the casino heist caper "Ocean's Eleven" and gained a prestigious Peabody Award for his sitcom "The Bernie Mac Show."
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, Mahmoud Darwish (67), a Palestinian poet, died, died in Houston, Texas. His poetry eloquently told of his people's experiences of exile, occupation and infighting. His 1973 work “Journal of an Ordinary Grief" was translated to English in 2010.
    (AP, 8/10/08)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.75)(Econ, 10/23/10, p.103)
2008        Aug 9, In Afghanistan airstrikes and clashes north of Kabul killed 11 people, some of whom were believed to be civilians.
    (AP, 8/10/08)
2008        Aug 9, In Algeria a suicide car bomb attack on security forces killed at least eight people and injured 19 others in the coastal town of Zemmouri el Bahri, east of Algiers, the second such blast this month.
    (AFP, 8/10/08)
2008        Aug 9, AU spokesman El-Ghassim Wane said the African Union has frozen Mauritania's membership in the wake of a coup in the country.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, In northeast England Xi Zhou and Zhen Xing Yang, both 25, were found murdered with serious head injuries in Newcastle.
    (AFP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 9, In Burkina Faso heavy rains caused a mudslide at an illegal gold mine that killed at least 31 people.
    (SSFC, 8/10/08, p.A4)
2008        Aug 9, Tang Yongming (47), a knife-wielding Chinese man, attacked two relatives of a coach for the US Olympic men's volleyball team at a tourist site in Beijing, killing Todd Bachman (62) and injuring his wife on the first day of the Olympics. Yongming then committed suicide by throwing himself from the second story of the site, the 13th century Drum Tower just five miles from the main Olympics site.
    (AP, 8/9/08)(SFC, 8/11/08, p.A12)
2008        Aug 9, Georgia, the third largest contributor to the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq, said it's pulling out its 2,000-strong contingent from Iraq to join the fighting in the breakaway province of South Ossetia.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, Separatist forces in Georgia's breakaway province of Abkhazia launched air and artillery strikes to drive Georgian troops from their bridgehead in the region. The Abkhazian move was prompted by Georgia's military action to regain control over another breakaway province, South Ossetia.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, In northeastern Guatemala robbers armed with machetes hacked a US tourist to death and seriously wounded his wife in an attack aboard the couple's sailboat on Lake Izabal.
    (AP, 8/10/08)
2008        Aug 9, In India an official said monsoon rains had crumpled homes and triggered flash floods in southern India, killing 18 people. Floods, mudslides, house collapses and lightning strikes have killed at least 184 people across the country so far this year.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, In Iraq a bodyguard who works for Youth and Sports minister Jassim Mohammed Ja'afar was gunned down outside his home near the city of Kirkuk. Unidentified gunmen shot dead a 50-year-old woman outside her home in the al-Maamoun district in Mosul.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, Russia sent hundreds of tanks and troops into the separatist province of South Ossetia and bombed Georgian towns in a major escalation of the conflict that has left scores of civilians dead and wounded. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told reporters in Moscow that some 1,500 people have been killed, with the death toll rising. Russian military aircraft bombed the Georgian town of Gori. Georgia's President Mikhail Saakashvili proposed a cease-fire. As part of his proposal, Georgian troops were pulled out of Tskhinvali and had been ordered to stop responding to Russian shelling.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, In Sri Lanka air force fighter jets pounded a Tamil Tiger supply base and an intelligence operation center deep in rebel-held Mullaitivu district. Separately, helicopter gunships overnight hit a radio center operated by the Sea Tigers. Scattered battles in Vavuniya killed 16 rebels and one soldier while three rebels died in Mullaitivu. Separate clashes killed five insurgents in Welioya and Jaffna.
    (AP, 8/9/08)(AP, 8/10/08)
2008        Aug 9, Syria said it would bar UN nuclear investigators from revisiting a site bombed by Israeli jets on suspicion it was a secretly built atomic reactor.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, Disaster officials said landslides and floods killed at least 101 people in northern Vietnam, covering the homes of some victims as they slept in their beds.
    (AP, 8/10/08)(WSJ, 8/12/08, p.A8)

2009        Aug 9, In San Francisco Bruce Sherman (66), accordionist and singer of sea chanteys, committed suicide.
    (SSFC, 9/6/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 9, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker in a bomb-filled vehicle blew up close to a US-led coalition military convoy in Nangarhar province, but did no harm to the troops. 3 Afghan army soldiers were killed after their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Shahjoy district, Zabul province. A US soldier was killed in the south in a hostile fire incident.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)(AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 9, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton arrived in oil-rich Angola to underscore America's presence in one of sub-Saharan Africa's largest energy producers where America is competing with China for resources.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, Typhoon Morakot slammed into China's eastern coast, forcing the evacuation of nearly a million people after earlier lashing Taiwan with torrential rains that caused the island's worst flooding in 50 years and left dozens missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, The French advertising group Publicis said it would buy the digital advertising agency Razorfish from Microsoft for 530 million dollars (380 million euros).
    (AFP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, Iran's police chief acknowledged that detained protesters were abused in prison and the country's top prosecutor said those responsible for the mistreatment should be punished, in unusually pointed criticism of security officials. Revolutionary Guard Commander Yadollah Javani called for opposition leaders Mir Hossein Mousavi and former President Mohammad Khatami to be put on trial.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, Iraqi authorities arrested Daniel Fitzsimmons, a British contractor, on murder charges over the shooting deaths of a British and an Australian contractor in Baghdad's protected Green Zone. Two employees of ArmorGroup Iraq, identified as Paul McGuigan of Britain and Darren Hoare of Australia, were killed in the firearms incident. On Feb 28, 2011, An Iraqi court convicted Fitzsimmons and sentenced him to 20 years in prison, making him the first Westerner convicted in an Iraqi court since the 2003 US invasion.
    (AP, 8/9/09)(AP, 8/10/09)(AP, 2/28/11)
2009        Aug 9, Italians newspapers reported that burglars earlier in the week had made off with jewels and cash worth 11 million euros (15.6 million dollars) from the hotel room of a Saudi princess in Sardinia, sparking a diplomatic incident. On Sep 15 Sardinia police said most of the jewels had been recovered.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)(AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Aug 9, Madagascar's bitter political rivals signed a power-sharing deal, agreeing to create an interim government to end months of violence.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, In Mexico some 400 people marched in Guadalajara to protest the negative affects of free trade and to demand benefits for retired Mexican laborers who worked in the US as Pres. Barack Obama, Mexican President Felipe Calderon and Canadian PM Stephen Harper arrived for a two-day summit.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, Mexican lawyer Silvia Raquenel Villanueva, known for defending high-profile drug trafficking suspects, was shot to death at a street market in the northern city of Monterrey. Army soldiers killed two suspects in a shootout with gunmen in the western state of Michoacan. Federal police arrested Dimas Diaz, a drug cartel suspect they believe was behind a plot to kill President Felipe Calderon in retaliation for his crackdown on organized crime. Dia was the alleged financial operator of the Pacific cartel.
    (AP, 8/10/09)
2009        Aug 9, In Pakistan two civilians and a policeman were killed when militants ambushed a police convoy in the northwestern town of Bannu. Two Pakistani soldiers were killed and four were wounded near Naurak village in the troubled North Waziristan tribal district when a remote-control bomb targeting a military convoy exploded. At least eight dead bodies of suspected Taliban militants were found in different areas of the northwestern Swat valley.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, Gaza militants launched mortar shells at a border crossing between Gaza and Israel just as Palestinian patients were being transferred into Israel for medical treatment.
    (AP, 8/10/09)
2009        Aug 9, On the Spanish island of Mallorca a small bomb exploded in a restaurant, causing minor damage and no injuries. A caller, who said he was calling on ETA's behalf, warned of the bomb.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, In southern Taiwan Typhoon Morakot spawned a mudslide engulfing the mountain village of Shiao Lin, burying up to 600 people. The official death toll from Morakot stood at 14. Another 51, not including the people in Shiao Lin.
    (AP, 8/10/09)

2010        Aug 9, The US federal court in Hawaii found Noshir Gowadia (66), a former B-2 stealth bomber engineer, guilty of selling sensitive military technology to China. Gowadia was arrested in October 2005 and accused of communicating national defense information to a person not entitled to receive it. Further charges were added on subsequent indictments issued up until 2007.
    (AFP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, In San Francisco, Ca., a federal grand jury charged Samuel “Maoli" Cohen of Belvedere, Marin County, with 32 counts of wire fraud and money laundering related to defrauding over 55 victims of some $30 million. Cohen was convicted in November of 29 charges of fraud, money laundering and tax invasion. On April 30, 2012, he was sentenced to 22 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/9/10, p.D1)(SFC, 5/1/12, p.C2)
2010        Aug 9, BP made its first deposit, $3 billion, into the Gulf of Mexico oil disaster fund, while top executives were summoned to the White House to pledge their long-term commitment to restoring the region.
    (AFP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, Skype SA, the Internet calling service that was controlled until last year by eBay Inc., filed for a US initial public offering.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, Honda Motor Co said it was recalling more than 428,000 vehicles in the United States and Canada because of a defect that could cause the cars to roll away if they are parked incorrectly.
    (AP, 8/10/10)
2010        Aug 9, In USA a tour bus crash killed 3 Japanese tourists. Driver Yasushi Mikuni (26) was later charged with 10 felony counts of negligent driving and one misdemeanor charge of having marijuana residue in his system.
    (SFC, 9/23/10, p.A11)
2010        Aug 9, In Alaska a small plane crashed killing former US Sen. Ted Stevens (86) and 4 others at a mountainside on Bristol Bay. 4 others survived the crash of the 1957 De Havilland DHC-3T.
    (SFC, 8/11/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 9, Bibi Aisha, a young Afghan woman who said her nose and ears were sliced off last year to punish her for running away from her violent husband, gained worldwide attention when she appeared on the cover of Time magazine. She was sent to Los Angeles over the summer for reconstructive surgery. In November her father-in-law was arrested on charges of disfiguring Aisha and of being part of a Taliban network in Uruzgan province. The only suspect arrested in the case was released in July, 2011.
    (AP, 12/8/10)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A2)
2010        Aug 9, Brazil formally offered asylum to Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, a woman sentenced to death in Iran on an adultery conviction. On July 31 Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva suggested he would be willing to provide the woman refuge.
    (AP, 8/10/10)
2010        Aug 9, In Brazil Ed Stafford (34), former British army captain, ended his 2 1/2-year journey as he planned, leaping into the sea as the first man known to walk the length of the Amazon River.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, A leading Chinese general urged closer ties with Australia's military, amid a continuing freeze on Beijing's contacts with the Pentagon.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, In central Europe swollen rivers surged north after carving a swath of destruction across Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. At least 11 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/9/10)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 9, in Guatemala 7 of 19 suspects were detained after a court issued arrest warrants for 19 people including a former interior minister and a top police official for allegedly participating in the killing of inmates during a 2005 prison escape and a 2007 uprising. Those arrested included two civilians, two former policeman and an officer still on the force.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 9, Indonesian police arrested top radical Islamist preacher Abu Bakar Bashir. He was accused of funding and training extremists who were planning a wave of attacks in Jakarta.
    (AFP, 8/10/10)
2010        Aug 9, In Indonesia the Hastina III sunk off East Nusatenggara province after a large wave slammed into the wooden ship, sending panicked passengers running to one side. It capsized between Adonara and Lembata islands. 10 people were killed with one missing.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, Iran announced plans to get rid of its dollar and euro reserves in response to the latest UN sanctions over its contested nuclear program. The IAEA said Iran has activated equipment to enrich uranium more efficiently in a move that defies the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, Two Bahai activists said an Iranian court has sentenced seven leaders of their faith to 20 years in prison after charging them with espionage and engaging in propaganda against Islam.
    (Reuters, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, In Iraq a rush-hour bombing at a western Baghdad police precinct killed two traffic cops and one civilian. Iraqi traffic police began to arm themselves with high-powered weapons for the first time in two years following an escalation in attacks against the force.
    (AP, 8/9/10)(AFP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, Israeli photographer Rafael Rafram Chaddad, jailed by Libya for five months, returned home after an Austrian tycoon brokered a deal for his freedom that involved the delivery of 20 prefabricated homes from a Libyan charity to the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, In Paraguay a presidential doctor said that Fernando Lugo's lymphatic cancer is more advanced than initially thought, but the chemotherapy he will undergo should not affect his ability to do his job.
    (Reuters, 8/10/10)
2010        Aug 9, A top Russian health official said deaths in Moscow have doubled to an average of 700 people a day as the city is engulfed by poisonous smog from wildfires and a sweltering heat wave. Some 830 forest fires were burning nationwide.
    (AP, 8/9/10)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 9, Rwandans voted in large numbers after a presidential election campaign that rights groups said was marred by repression and violence against critics of incumbent Paul Kagame, who is expected to win by a landslide. The bush war veteran won 93 percent of the vote in more than a third of country's districts.
    (Reuters, 8/9/10)(Reuters, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 9, A Somali militant group with links to al-Qaida announced it had banned three Christian aid agencies from its territory, and one aid group said militants had occupied their offices in southern Somalia.
    (AP, 8/9/10)
2010        Aug 9, In South Africa 4 miners were shot dead by mine guards in an abandoned gold mine near Johannesburg. Their bodies were found on Aug 12. The mine was owned by Zuma's nephew Khulubuse Zuma and Mandela's grandson Zondwa Mandela. Their company, Aurora Empowerment Systems, was embroiled in a pay dispute with mineworkers they inherited from several mines they bought from an insolvent company. In January, 2012, a court ordered Khulubuse Zuma to pay $1.25 million (955,000 euro) in debt.
    (AP, 8/13/10)(AFP, 4/15/12)
2010        Aug 9, Sudan halted BBC broadcasts in Arabic on FM radio frequencies after suspending its agreement with the British public broadcaster for reasons it said had nothing to do with its newscasts.
    (AFP, 8/9/10)

2011        Aug 9, Pres. Obama announced fuel efficiency standards for heavy trucks. The regulations called for cutting 9-23% of fuel consumption and greenhouse gases by 2018.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 9, Wisconsin Republicans held onto control of the state Senate, beating back 4 Democratic challengers in a recall election despite an intense political backlash against GOP support for Gov. Walker's effort to curb public employees' union rights. Democrats captured two seats.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(SFC, 8/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 9, Around 200 Afghans burned tires and blocked key roads near the presidential palace in angry protests after at least three people were killed over a land dispute. Members of the Kuchi nomadic tribe had clashed with guards working for a housing project linked to the family of lawmaker Qais Hasan. NATO troops reportedly killed four Afghan policemen by accident in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Brazilian police arrested 33 people at the Tourism Ministry on allegations of corruption. Kickbacks to officials involved $1.85 million instead of paying Sao Paulo’s Ibrazi institute to train people in tourism.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 9, British PM David Cameron recalled Parliament from its summer recess and nearly tripled the number of police on the streets rioting in London blossomed into a full-blown political crisis. A 26-year-old was found shot dead in a car. A Scotland Yard official said 525 people have now been arrested in London after three days of "unprecedented" rioting.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Chile violence erupted on the streets of Santiago and other cities as tens of thousands of students staged another protest demanding changes in public education. By nightfall, at least 273 protesters were detained, including 73 in Santiago, and 23 police officers were injured.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, China’s Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi ended a two-day visit to Khartoum and headed for Juba, the capital of South Sudan, in the first trip by a senior Chinese official to the world's newest nation.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, A Comorian shuttle boat, the Madjiriha, sank killing 60 people off the coast of the Indian Ocean island nation the Comoros.
    (AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Dozens of Egyptians angered by the absence of police protection in their town set fire to a police station In Garga after looting its armory and freeing jailed inmates. The crowd stormed the police station in protest at what they said was the police's failure to protect them from attacks from a neighboring village. The trouble between Garga and the neighboring village of Nagaa Uweis began Aug 7 after a fight between two drivers, one from Garga and the other from Nagaa Uweis, escalated into a gunfight.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, Indian police in new Delhi used water cannon, tear gas and bamboo batons to disperse thousands of opposition activists protesting against a slew of corruption scandals racking the government.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, Ivory Coast public television was back on air, pushing a message of reconciliation after months of deadly post-vote fighting in which it relayed propaganda and its equipment was destroyed.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, More than 2,000 Kuwaitis rallied outside the Syrian embassy in the Gulf state demanding the expulsion of the Syrian envoy and the "freezing" of relations with Damascus.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Malawi’s central bank devalued its currency by 10 percent as it sought to revive a stalled program with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Malaysia budget carrier AirAsia and state-owned Malaysia Airlines formed an alliance through a share swap deal to end their long rivalry and boost business.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, Mexican officials said a girl was killed and a woman wounded by gunshots when a firefight broke out between soldiers and bandits on a toll road considered the safe route to the resort city of Acapulco. A tractor trailer loaded with cement crashed into a day-care center in Arramberi, Nuevo Leon state, killing three small girls and three adults.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Nigeria a clash between soldiers and youths in the northeast over the arrest of suspected members of Boko Haram killed one person and wounded two. Attackers with machetes hacked at least two people to death and seriously wounded four others in a village near the deeply divided city of Jos.
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In North Korea Tropical Storm Muifa caused over 10 deaths and injuries.
    (SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 9, The World Food Program said it is sending 800 metric tons of high energy biscuits to East Africa to help fight the famine in Somalia. The UN food agency said that the series of nine airlifts will be enough to feed 1.6 million people for a day.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, South Korean officials said its ministry which handles relations with North Korea has been targeted by hackers in the latest of a series of online attacks on government and corporate websites.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Sri Lanka wildlife groups announced they were withdrawing their support for an elephant count after Wildlife Minister S.M. Chandransena was quoted as saying 300 young elephants will be captured and handed over to Buddhist temples after the census. The groups had agreed to deploy about 200 volunteers to help the Wildlife Department count the animals.
    (AP, 8/9/11) 
2011        Aug 9, The Syrian army launched raids on restive areas, defying growing international reproach over the regime's deadly crackdown on a 5-month-old uprising. There was heavy machine-gun fire in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour. Human rights groups said at least 22 people were killed across the country including 8 children.
    (AP, 8/9/11)
2011        Aug 9, In Yemen a new truce was reached in Taez between troops and armed tribesmen backing pro-democracy protests.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)
2011        Aug 9, Zambia's high court dismissed a bid by the main opposition to block President Rupiah Banda from contesting polls next month over claims that he had lied about his parents' nationality.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)

2012        Aug 9, The US Postal Service reported losses of $57 million per day in the last quarter and warned it will miss another payment due to the US Treasury. A week earlier it defaulted on a payment for future retiree health benefits.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 9, In Florida Broward County Sheriff's deputies arrested Michael (46) and Margaret Pollara (70). The mother and son stole more than $2 million in expensive toys by stashing them inside the boxes of cheaper products that they bought at Toys R Us stores across the US, then sold the big-ticket items online.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 9, A NASA test model planetary lander crashed seconds after liftoff from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 9, Google agreed to pay a record $22.5 million to settle allegations by the US Federal Trade Commission that it breached Apple’s Safari Internet browser, allowing it to secretly track Web surfers using Safari.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.D1)
2012        Aug 9, The US for the first time began a $43 million cleanup up dioxin from Agent Orange that was stored at its former Danang military base, now part of Danang's airport.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, An Afghan soldier turned his weapon on NATO allies in Laghman province. No ISAF soldiers were killed as they returned fire, killing the attacker.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Cambodian PM Hun Sen said allowing the construction of a spate of border casinos was part of a "secret strategy" to protect the country's territory from its neighbors.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In China Gu Kailai, the wife of disgraced politician Bo Xilai, said she lured a British businessman Neil Heywood to a hotel in the southwestern mega-city of Chongqing, where she got him drunk and poisoned him.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In Egypt a massive power cut hit large parts of Cairo, home to some 18 million people, halting much of its metro service and delaying trading on the stock exchange.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Guinea’s health ministry said an outbreak of cholera has killed 60 people since February and is showing no signs of letting up.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Iran hosted a 29-nation conference on Syria with the aim of stopping bloodshed there and forging a role for Tehran as peace-broker for its beleaguered Arab ally.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In Iraq two roadside bombs exploded in a market in Al-Wehda area south of Baghdad, killing two people and wounding 19 others. Gunmen armed with silenced weapons killed a member of the Sahwa anti-Qaeda militia in northern Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Madagascar's Pres. Andry Rajoelina and ousted leader Marc Ravalomanana left the Seychelles, after failing to strike a deal in talks aimed at ending 3 years of political crisis.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Mexico's Supreme Court moved to turn military human rights violations over to civilian courts, a blow to a military justice system accused of covering up cases of soldiers abusing, torturing and executing citizens during a six-year government offensive against drug cartels.
    (AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 9, In northern Mexico police found the bodies of 14 men stuffed into a sport utility vehicle near a gas station in San Luis Potosi city and hours later a shootout between soldiers and gunmen killed three people in the same city. Gunmen hung two men from a bridge in Monterrey and shot them to death while horrified motorists watched. Attackers armed with assault rifles killed seven men drinking at a sports field in Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Tropical Storm Ernesto made land fall near Mexico’s port city of Coatzacoalcos, killing 7 people as it moved inland in the southern Gulf region.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A4)(SFC, 8/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 9, Local media said Nepal has banned women under 30 from travelling to Gulf countries to work following reports of widespread sexual abuse and exploitation.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In the Philippines officials said troops backed by helicopters have started an offensive on two strongholds of the breakaway Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement in southern Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 9, In South Africa 9 members of a vigilante group guarding against cattle theft were shot dead in and some 30 were missing after a revenge attack by villagers.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 9, Syrian rebels staged what they called a "tactical withdrawal" as regime forces advanced into a key district of Aleppo. Pres. Assad appointed health minister Wael al-Halqi as his new premier following the defection this week of Riad Hijab. At least 191 people killed nationwide -- 107 civilians, 45 rebels and 39 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 9, Tunisian police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse a protest in the central town of Sidi Bouzid, birthplace of last year's revolution, as hundreds of demonstrators demanded the resignation of the Islamist-led government.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, In Turkey 2 roadside bombs struck a bus carrying troops to a navy base, killing one soldier and wounding 11 people on the outskirts of the Aegean resort town of Foca.
    (AP, 8/9/12)

2013        Aug 9, Pres. Obama signed into law a measure restoring lower interest rates for student loans.
    (SFC, 8/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Aug 9, In southern California the wildfire in Riverside County grew to 25 square miles. 26 homes were destroyed and some 1,800 people were forced to flee. By Aug 11 the Silver Fire reached 30 square miles and was 75% contained.
    (SFC, 8/10/13, p.A5)(SFC, 8/12/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 9, In New Haven, Connecticut, a small plane crashed and engulfed two homes in flames killing 4 people. The dead included 2 children inside a house struck by the plane as well as pilot Bill Henningsgaard and his son.
    (SFC, 8/10/13, p.A4)(SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A15)
2013        Aug 9, Christopher Lane (22) of Melbourne, Australia, was shot once in the back as he was jogging in Duncan, Okla. He died before paramedics arrived. On Aug 20 prosecutors charged two boys, Chancey Allen Luna (16) and James Francis Edwards Jr. (15), with first-degree murder. A third boy, Michael Dewayne Jones (17), was charged as an accessory to first-degree murder after the fact. The boys said they were bored and decided to shoot someone.
    (Yahoo, 8/21/13)(AP, 2/4/14)
2013        Aug 9, Benin President Boni Yayi sacked his entire government "to breathe a new dynamic" into the 26-member cabinet.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, British authorities said they have captured Anthony Judge, one of their 'most wanted' tax criminals, and added 10 new names to a list of high-priority targets who are accused of cheating the government out of hundreds of millions of pounds. Judge was detained on July 4 when trying to enter Britain on a forged passport.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, An international aid organization said dozens of people have been slaughtered in a remote village in Central African Republic and their bodies tossed in a nearby river. Caritas said the violence had taken place over the last two weeks in a village called Ouhman-Bac in the country's northwest.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, Cuba's “first" English-language bookstore, cafe and literary salon opened in Havana, offering islanders and tourists alike a unique space to converse, thumb through magazines and buy or borrow tomes in the language of Shakespeare. It was opened by New York City native Conner Gorry (43) a journalist living in Cuba since 2002.
    (AP, 8/10/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Egypt 4 Islamist militants were killed by a missile strike as they prepared to launch rockets at Israel. The Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis group said that its members were the target of the Israeli drone strike.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)
2013        Aug 9, European scientists reported their finding of traces of antibodies against the MERS virus in dromedary, or one-humped, camels, but not the virus itself. Some experts think bats might be infecting other animals like camels with MERS before passing it to humans. Since the virus was first identified last September, there have been 94 illnesses, including 46 deaths, from MERS, or Middle East respiratory syndrome.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, Two of Germany's biggest Internet service providers said they will start encrypting customers' emails by default in response to user concerns about online snooping after reports that the US National Security Agency monitors international electronic communications.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, Greek Finance Ministry data showed that 731 of 1,465 companies — mostly restaurants, bars, coffee shops and clubs — checked from July 25 to Aug. 5 had violated tax laws. The highest rate of non-compliance, some 85% of those checked, was on the islands of Evia and Skyros.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Lebanon gunmen abducted a Turkish Airlines pilot and his assistant in Beirut, forcing them from a bus as it took them from the airport in the early hours of the morning. A group claimed responsibility for the abduction in the name of nine Lebanese Shi'ite Muslims kidnapped last year in Azaz near the Turkish-Syrian border. On Aug 20 a Lebanese prosecutor charged 13 people in connection with the kidnapping.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)(AP, 8/20/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Mexico Caro Quintero (60), sentenced to 40 years in prison for the 1985 kidnapping and killing of US DEA agent Enrique Camarena, was released from prison. A federal court ordered his release this week saying he had been improperly tried in a federal court for state crimes.
    (AP, 8/10/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Myanmar a dispute over custody of a dead Rohingya quickly escalated into a day of clashes in which police raked Rohingya crowds with gunfire in Ohntawgyi village outside Sittwe, Rakhine state.
    (Reuters, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Northern Ireland 56 police officers and 2 civilians were injured in clashes in central Belfast in the latest flare-up in tensions between Protestant and Catholic communities.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)
2013        Aug 9, In southwest Pakistan gunmen shot to death 6 people and wounded 15 in an attack on former provincial minister Ali Madad Jatak outside a mosque in Quetta. Jatak was unharmed. Guards at a Shiite mosque on the outskirts of Islamabad shot and killed a would-be suicide bomber before he could set off his explosives.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, Rwanda’s opposition Democratic Green Party, led by Frank Habineza, said it has received a certificate of registration after years of attempts, during which time one of its vice presidents was murdered in 2010. It is not clear if the party will be able to participate in Sept. 16 parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 8/10/13)
2013        Aug 9, Saudi Arabia's Interior Ministry said police have arrested two foreign residents suspected of having contacts with al-Qaida's offshoot in Yemen over imminent suicide attacks in the region.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Sierra Leone at least 6 homeless people sleeping under a bridge in the heart of Freetown were crushed to death when the bridge collapsed in a landslide caused by heavy rain.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Somalia an Ethiopian military aircraft carrying ammunition crash-landed at Mogadishu's international airport, bursting into flames and killing 4 of the six crew members.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, Syrian government warplanes reportedly bombed Salma, a predominantly Sunni village in Latakia province, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 8/10/13)
2013        Aug 9, A Taiwan government watchdog reported that the First Nuclear Power Plant in Shihmen may have been leaking radioactive water for three years, adding to uncertainty over the fate of a new 4th nuclear power plant.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, A Thai official said authorities have captured Ko Myo (42), the suspected leader of a human trafficking gang. Myo confessed to selling some migrants from Myanmar into slavery on Thai fishing boats and possibly murdering as many as seven.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, Senior Yemeni officials said at least 7 suspected militants from Saudi Arabia were among the alleged al-Qaida members killed in Yemen in a recent wave of US drone strikes.
    (AP, 8/9/13)
2013        Aug 9, In Zimbabwe lawyers for outgoing PM Morgan Tsvangirai said they filed an appeal with the Constitutional Court over the July 31 election results that gave longtime President Mugabe 61% of the vote.
    (AP, 8/9/13)

2014        Aug 9, In Colorado 2 people were killed when their small plane crashed near Steamboat Springs.
    (SFC, 8/11/14, p.A4)
2014        Aug 9, Missouri police shot and killed Michael Brown (18), a black teenager recently graduated from high school graduate. Hundreds of angry residents came out of their apartments in the predominantly black St. Louis suburb of Ferguson in a confrontation with police that lasted several hours.
    (AP, 8/10/14)
2014        Aug 9, Three-time NASCAR champion Tony Stewart struck and killed sprint car driver Kevin Ward Jr., who had climbed from his car and was on the darkened dirt track trying to confront Stewart during a race in upstate New York.
    (AP, 8/10/14)
2014        Aug 9, In NYC a sea of Palestinians and their sympathizers lined Manhattan streets, marching to the UN and shouting that Israel's response to missile attacks was genocide that took children's lives.
    (AP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Ed Nelson (b.1928), former star of the TV “Peyton Place" (1964-1969) soap opera, died in North Carolina. He later appeared in many TV westerns.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.E8)
2014        Aug 9, In Central African Republic rival vigilante militias clashed with heavy weapons overnight in the capital Bangui. Shortly after the fighting ended, thousands of people braved the rain in Bangui to take part in a peace march.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In China a tour bus on a highway in Tibet fell off a 10-meter (30-foot) cliff after crashing into an SUV and a pickup, killing 44 people and injuring 11 others.
    (AP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Egypt's highest administrative court dissolved the political party of the banned Muslim Brotherhood and ordered its assets liquidated.
    (AP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Guinea announced the closure of its borders with Sierra Leone and Liberia in a bid to halt the spread of Ebola.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In Iraq gunmen in Madaen killed a government-backed Sunni militiaman opposed to the Islamic State. His family was also killed. In Uwerij, on the southern outskirts of Baghdad, authorities found the bodies of 4 men who had been blindfolded and shot in the head execution-style. Islamic State insurgents who seized Iraq's biggest dam in an offensive have brought in engineers for repairs, as nervous Kurds stocked up on arms to defend Arbil.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 8, In Iraq US jets pounded jihadist positions to pave the way for Iraq's federal and Kurdish forces and also dropped aid to stranded Yazidi civilians on Mount Sinjar.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Israeli warplanes kept up a punishing campaign of air strikes over Gaza, killing 5 Palestinians as militants fired rockets into Israel and ceasefire talks in Cairo stalled.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Japan and South Korea vowed to "deepen communication" in the future during a rare meeting in Myanmar ahead of the ASEAN Regional Forum.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In Lebanon fighters identified as Islamist militants crossed in from Syria, triggering an exchange of fire with villagers near Kfar Qouq who forced them back across the border.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In northern Nigeria hundreds of people who escaped a Boko Haram attack on Gwoza and fled to a nearby mountain said they were without any food.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Pakistan said it has crippled the command and control system of local Taliban militants adding that the likelihood of a backlash to the ongoing military offensive in the troubled northwest would be minimal.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In Pakistan violence flared in several towns and cities between police and supporters of anti-government cleric Tahir ul-Qadri, killing at least 4 people and injuring scores. Qadri has condemned the government as corrupt and called for the overthrow of PM Nawaz Sharif.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In Portugal dozens of flights were cancelled as pilots from the national TAP airline took strike action over working conditions.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Russian President Vladimir Putin began talks with the leaders of arch-foes Armenia and Azerbaijan after recent clashes that have left 22 soldiers dead and fueled fears that one of the bloodiest post-Soviet wars is restarting.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, Somalia's hardline Islamists said they fought intense battles with government and African Union troops in the central Hiran region that left 18 people dead on both sides.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In Uganda scores of homosexuals marched in Entebbe in their first pride parade since a court invalidated a controversial antigay law.
    (SSFC, 8/10/14, p.A5)
2014        Aug 9, Ukraine said it had headed off an attempt by Russia to send troops into Ukraine under the guise of peacekeepers with the aim of provoking a large-scale military conflict. Government forces reportedly seized Krasnyi Luch, which lies on one of two main roads between Donetsk and the other rebel-held city of Luhansk.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)(AP, 8/9/14)
2014        Aug 9, In Yemen 3 suspected al-Qaida Yemeni militants were killed in a drone airstrike that targeted their house in Marib province.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)

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