Today in History - August 11

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117        Aug 11, The Roman army of Syria hailed its legate, Hadrian, as emperor, which made the senate's formal acceptance an almost meaningless event. One of his first acts was to withdraw Rome’s army from Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).
    (www.roman-emperors.org/hadrian.htm)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.94)

991        Aug 11, Danes under Olaf Tryggvason killed Ealdorman Brihtnoth and defeated the Saxons at Maldon.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1180        Aug 11, Guillaume de Sens, French master builder (Canterbury), died.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1259        Aug 11, Mongke, Mongol great-khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, died.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1456        Aug 11, Janos Hunyadi (69), Hungarian Prince and general strategist died of plague at about age 49.
    (PC, 1992, p.150)(MC, 8/11/02)

1492        Aug 11, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia Lanzol (61), father of Cesare and Lucretia, became Pope Alexander VI (d.1503). He siphoned off untold riches from Church funds. Borgia arrived in Rome from Spain in 1449 and Italianized his name from Borja to Borgia. His rise in the church was helped a great deal when his uncle became Pope Calixtus III.
    (HN, 8/10/98)(PTA, p.424)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R4)(MC, 8/11/02)

1519        Aug 11, Johann Tetzel (~79), Dominican monk, died.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1597        Aug 11, Germany threw out English salesmen in "a noble experiment."
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1772        Aug 11, An explosive eruption blew 4,000 feet off Papandayan, Java, and 3,000 people were killed.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1792        Aug 11, A revolutionary commune was formed in Paris, France.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1807        Aug 11, David Atchison, legislator, was born. He was president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, and president of U.S. for one day [March 4, 1849], the Sunday before Zachary Taylor was sworn in.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1807        Aug 11, The Eclipse, a Yankee fur trading vessel, sank in the Shumagin Islands, south of the Alaska Peninsula. It is the oldest known American shipwreck in Alaska and as of 2007 had not been found.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

1833        Aug 11, Robert G. Ingersoll (d.1899), advocate of scientific realism and humanistic philosophy, was born in Dresden, NY. "Heresy is what the minority believe; it is the name given by the powerful to the doctrines of the weak." "The history of the world shows that when a mean thing was done, man did it; when a good thing was done, man did it." "Courage without conscience is a wild beast."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_G._Ingersoll)(AP, 6/28/97)(AP, 6/7/98)(AP, 7/20/98)

1837        Aug 11, Marie Francois Carnot, engineer, French pres (1887-94), was born.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1849        Aug 11, Lajos Kossuth, president of Hungary, abdicated in favor of Gen. Gorgey as Russia intervened in the Hungarian revolution.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lajos_Kossuth)

1856        Aug 11, A band of rampaging settlers in California killed four Yokut Indians. The settlers had heard unproven rumors of Yokut atrocities.
    (HN, 8/11/99)

1860        Aug 11, The first US successful silver mill began operation near Virginia City, Nev.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1861        Aug 11, James Bryan Herrick, physician who first described sickle-cell anemia, was born.
    (AP, 8/11/00)

1862        Aug 11, Carrie James Bond, songwriter who wrote "I Love You Truly" and "A Perfect Day," was born.
    (HN, 8/10/98)
1862        Aug 11, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general in chief of the Union Army.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1866        Aug 11, The world's 1st roller rink opened at Newport, RI.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1868        Aug 11, Thaddeus Stevens (1792-1868), Pennsylvania Republican and architect of Radical Reconstruction, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thaddeus_Stevens)

1874        Aug 11, Harry S. Parmelee patented a sprinkler head.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1885        Aug 11, Joseph Pulitzer’s NY World announced that $100,000 was raised in US for a pedestal for the Statue of Liberty.
    (ON, 4/03, p.3)

1892        Aug 11, Hugh MacDiarmid, founder of the Scottish Nationalist Party, was born.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1896        Aug 11, Harvey Hubbell patented an electric light bulb socket with a pull chain.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1904        Aug 11, German General Lothar von Trotha defeated the Hereros tribe near Waterberg, South Africa. [see Namibia]
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1906        Aug 11, In France Eugene Lauste received the first patent for a talking film.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1908        Aug 11, Britain's King Edward VII met with Kaiser Wilhelm II to protest the growth of the German navy.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1909        Aug 11, The SOS distress signal was first used by an American ship, the Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, N.C.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1912        Aug 11, Moroccan Sultan Mulai Hafid abdicated his throne in the face of internal dissent. Most of the country became a French protectorate with Spain taking the northern fifth.
    (HN, 8/10/98)(SFEC, 7/25/99, p.T11)(AP, 5/17/03)

1914        Aug 11, Jews were expelled from Mitchenick, Poland.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1915        Aug 11, In San Francisco the Cairo Café on the Joy Zone of the Panama-Pacific Exposition was closed down following complaints some half dozen Oriental maids had been imported from the brothels of the Barbary Coast.
    (SSFC, 8/16/15, DB p.46)

1916        Aug 11, The Russia army took Stanislau, Poland, from the Germans.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1918        Aug 11, The British attacked with 450 tanks at the Battle of Amiens as the Allies pushed Germany back.
    (MC, 8/11/02)(PC, 1992, p.728)

1919        Aug 11, The Green Bay Packers football was club founded.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1919        Aug 11, Andrew Carnegie (b.1835), industrialist, philanthropist, and founder of Carnegie Steel, died. Carnegie became a philanthropist in later life, giving away more than $350 million and building 2,509 public libraries. His value in 1999 dollars totaled $100 billion." The man who dies rich dies disgraced," was the motto of Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie‘s last years were spent giving away as much money as possible in an effort to shed his image as one of the era‘s leading “robber barons." Among other bequests to good causes, he established the Carnegie Institute of Technology and hundreds of Carnegie Free Public Libraries across the U.S. In 2005 Les Standiford authored “Meet You In Hell," an account of the rivalry between Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick. In 2006 David Nasaw authored “Andrew Carnegie."
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, Par p.7)(HNQ, 4/21/00)(WSJ, 7/29/05, p.W8)(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.M3)
1919        Aug 11, Germany's Weimar Constitution was signed by President Friedrich Ebert.
    (AP, 8/11/07)

1921        Aug 11, Alex Haley, genealogist and author of "Roots," was born.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1925        Aug 11, Carl Rowan, gun-toting newspaper columnist (Wash Post), was born.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1926        Aug 11, Claus Von Bulow, accused of murdering his wife, was born.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1927        Aug 11, Raymond Leppard, conductor (St Louis Symphony Orch), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1929        Aug 11, Babe Ruth hit his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1933        Aug 11, Jerry Falwell (d.2007), founder of the conservative political lobbying organization, the Moral Majority, was born in Virginia.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Falwell)

1934        Aug 11, The US government opened a maximum security prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay and the first federal prisoners arrived. From the time it opened to 1937 there was no talking by prisoners allowed. Federal convicts from McNeil Island Prison in Washington joined a small number of military prisoners, left over from the island‘s time as a US Army prison. The facility had been used as a military prison since 1859, but was redesigned to be a high-security penitentiary for the "most dangerous" prisoners. The prison closed in 1963.
    (AP, 8/11/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)(HNQ, 7/10/00)(OAH, 2/05, p.A6)

1935        Aug 11, There was a Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1937        Aug 11, Edith Wharton (b.1862), American author, died in France. Her books included “The House of Mirth" (1905) and “Ethan Frome" (1911). In 1975 R.W.B. Lewis (d. 2002) authored the Pulitzer prize-winning "Edith Wharton: A Biography." In 2007 Hermione Lee authored “Edith Wharton."
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.B5)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.85)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/wharton.htm)

1939        Aug 11, Moses Annenberg, owner of the Philadelphia Enquirer, was indicted by a federal jury in Chicago for evading some $3.2 million in income taxes.
    (SFC, 10/2/02, p.A2)
1939        Aug 11, Sergei Rachmaninov had his last appearance in Europe.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1940        Aug 11, 38 German aircrafts were shot down over England.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1940        Aug 11, Italian forces attacked Observation Hill in British Somaliland. Capt. Wilson and Somali gunners under his command beat off the attack and opened fire on the enemy troops attacking Mill Hill, another post within his range. The enemy finally overran the post at 5 p.m. on the 15th August when Capt. Wilson, fighting to the last, was reportedly killed. 2 months later he was awarded a Victoria Cross. In April 1941, however, Wilson was found alive in a prisoner of war camp in Eritrea. Wilson died at age 96 on Dec 23, 2008.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

1941        Aug 11, Elizabeth Holtzman, DA (D-Rep-NY, Watergate Committee), was born in Brooklyn.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1941        Aug 11, Soviet bombers raided Berlin but caused little damage.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1942        Aug 11, Some 999 Jews were taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1942        Aug 11, During World War II, Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly declared that "the hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war."
    (AP, 8/11/99)
1942        Aug 11, The German submarine U-73 attacked a Malta bound British convoy and sank the HMS Eagle, one of the world's first aircraft carriers.
    (HN, 8/10/98)
1942        Aug 11-1942 Sep 30, The SS began exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz, Poland.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1943        Aug 11, Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concerto premiered.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1944        Aug 11, German troops abandoned Florence, Italy, as Allied troops closed in on the historic city.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1949        Aug 11, President Truman nominated Gen. Omar N. Bradley to become the first chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (AP, 8/11/08)

1951        Aug 11, The Mississippi River flooded some 100,000 acres in Ks, Okla, Mo and Ill.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1954        Aug 11, After Chinese Nationalists placed 58,000 troops on Quemoy and 15,000 troops on Matsu the ROC began building defensive structures and the PRC began shelling ROC installations on Quemoy. Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China responded with a declaration that Taiwan must be "liberated." He dispatched the People's Liberation Army (PLA) and began shelling both Quemoy and Matsu.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Taiwan_Strait_Crisis)
1954        Aug 11, A formal peace took hold in Indochina, ending more than seven years of fighting between the French and Communist Vietminh.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1956        Aug 11, Elvis Presley released "Don't Be Cruel."
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1956        Aug 11, Abstract artist Jackson Pollock (b.1912) died in an automobile accident in East Hampton, N.Y. He was born in Wyoming and became a leader of the abstract expressionist school of art.
    (AHD, 1971, p.1015)(AP, 8/11/97)

1957        Aug 11, Paul Hindemith's opera "Harmonie der Welt," premiered in Munich.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1960        Aug 11, Chad became independent from France, but remained within the French community. Francois Tombalbaye became the 1st president.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1962        Aug 11, The Soviet Union launched cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1963        Aug 11, The Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. said San Francisco’s Parkmerced community, with a population of some 8,000, will be open to negroes.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, DB p.42)

1964        Aug 11, Beatles' "A Hard Days Night" opened in NYC.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1964        Aug 11, There was a race riot in Paterson, NJ.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1965        Aug 11, Beatles movie "Help" opened in NYC.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1965        Aug 11, Rioting and looting broke out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles. A small clash between the California Highway Patrol and two black youths sets off six days of rioting in the Watts area of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 8/11/97)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)(HN, 8/11/00)(MC, 8/11/02)

1966        Aug 11, Wilkes Bashford (33), men’s clothing retailer, opened his own shop in SF. In 2009 he filed for bankruptcy and sold his operations to Mitchells/Richards/Marshs, an East Coast company.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.D1)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A12)

1967        Aug 11, Roy M. Wheat (20) led a team from Company K, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, providing security for a Navy construction crew on the Liberty Road in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam. Lance Corporal Roy Wheat accidentally triggered a well-concealed, bounding type anti-personnel mine. He yelled for team members Lance Corporals Vernon Sorenson and Bernard Cannon to run. Then he flung himself onto the mine as it exploded, absorbing the tremendous impact with his body. Roy Wheat was killed, but his companions were spared certain injury and possible death. Marine Roy M. Wheat was the only Mississippian to earn the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 9/19/01)

1968        Aug 11, Eight US troops were killed and 50 wounded when an Air Force F100 fighter accidentally bombed a US unit near Ta Bat, northeast of Saigon. The fighter intended on hitting Viet Cong who were located in front of the troops.
    (www.project1968.com/august-11-17-1968.html)

1971        Aug 11, Construction began on the Louisiana Superdome. It opened on August 3, 1975.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisiana_Superdome)

1975        Aug 11, The United States vetoed the proposed admission of North and South Vietnam to the United Nations, following the Security Council's refusal to consider South Korea's application.
    (AP, 8/11/97)
1975        Aug 11, Alfred Loomis (b.1887), financier and amateur physicist, died. In 2002 Jennet Conant authored "Tuxedo Park," an account of how Loomis led research that enhanced radar and led to the atom bomb.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Lee_Loomis)
1975        Aug 11, Anthony C. McAuliffe (b.1898), US general and commandant of 101st division, died. He is famous for his WWII single-word reply to a German surrender ultimatum: "Nuts!"
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_McAuliffe)

1977        Aug 11, The California legislature restored the death penalty.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.G8)(www.deathpenalty.org/article.php?id=48)

1978        Aug 11, “Le Freak" by Chic was released. In October it topped the US hot 100 chart.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C'est_Chic)
1978        Aug 11, The American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA) put an end to the persecution of Native American religions.
    (Econ, 4/7/12, p.35)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Indian_Religious_Freedom_Act)
1978        Aug 11, Chiefs of state and foreign dignitaries arrived in Vatican City for the funeral of Pope Paul VI.
    (AP, 8/11/98)

1982        Aug 11, Pan Am flight 830 from Tokyo to Honolulu was bombed. The bombing was set in motion when Mohammed Rashed, wife Christine Pinter and their son traveled to Tokyo with fraudulent identification documents. Rashed tucked a bomb beneath window seat 47K, pulled the pin, engaged the timer and got off in Japan. Toru Ozawa (16), vacationing with his family, occupied the same seat on the next leg and was killed. 15 people were injured. In 1998 Mohammed Rashid, a Palestinian national, was turned over to the US by Egypt on charges related to the bombing. In 2002 Rashid pleaded guilty in exchange for a release date of March 20, 2013.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_Am_Flight_830)(AP, 3/17/13)

1984        Aug 11, In LA, Ca., Carl Lewis (b.1961) duplicated Jesse Owens' 1936 feat with 4 Olympic track gold medals.
    (www.usatf.org/athletes/bios/oldBios/1997/lewis.asp)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Lewis)
1984        Aug 11, President Reagan sparked controversy when he joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address: "My fellow Americans, I’m pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
    (AP, 8/11/97)(www.yaf.com/Reagan.shtml)
1984        Aug 11, Alfred A. Knopf (91), US publisher, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_A._Knopf_(person))
1984        Aug 11, Percy Mayfield (b.1920), songwriter and blues artist, died. His songs included "Hit the Road Jack" and "Please Send Me Someone to Love."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percy_Mayfield)

1985        Aug 11, "Dreamgirls" closed at Imperial Theater in NYC after 1522 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4152)

1987        Aug 11, Economist Alan Greenspan succeeded Paul Volcker as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board. Greenspan retired in 2006.
    (SSFC, 1/29/06, p.A9)
1987        Aug 11, Britain and France ordered minesweepers to the Persian Gulf, but said they would not be used in combined operations with the United States as it escorted reflagged Kuwaiti ships.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1988        Aug 11, The U.S. Senate confirmed Dick Thornburgh to succeed Edwin Meese III as attorney general, by a vote of 85-0.
    (AP, 8/11/98)
1988        Aug 11, Jean-Pierre Ponnelle (b.1932), French opera director (Figaro, Barber of Seville, numerous operas in Europe, Bayreuth, Met Opera), died in Munich, Germany.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Pierre_Ponnelle)

1989        Aug 11, Poland's Solidarity-dominated Senate adopted a resolution expressing sorrow for the nation's participation in the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 8/11/99)

1990        Aug 11, Egyptian and Moroccan troops arrived in Saudi Arabia to join US forces in helping to protect the desert kingdom from possible Iraqi attack.
    (AP, 8/11/00)

1991        Aug 11, Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon released two Western captives: Edward Tracy, an American held nearly five years, and Jerome Leyraud, a Frenchman who had been abducted by a rival group three days earlier.
    (AP, 8/11/97)
1991        Aug 11, The space shuttle "Atlantis" returned safely from a nine-day journey.
    (AP, 8/11/01)

1992        Aug 11, In Washington, D.C., negotiators for the United States, Canada and Mexico continued to work out final details of the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement.
    (AP, 8/11/97)
1992        Aug 11, The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the country, opened in Bloomington, Minn.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1993        Aug 11, President Clinton named Army Gen. John Shalikashvili to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding the retiring Gen. Colin Powell.
    (AP, 8/11/98)
1993        Aug 11, Pope John Paul II visited Mexico.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ckmy6)
 1994        Aug 11, A US federal jury awarded $286.8 million to some 10,000 commercial fishermen for losses as a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
    (AP, 8/11/99)
1994        Aug 11, The Tenth International Conference on AIDS concluded in Yokohama, Japan.
    (AP, 8/11/99)

1995        Aug 11, President Clinton banned all US nuclear tests, calling his decision "the right step as we continue pulling back from the nuclear precipice."
    (AP, 8/11/00)
1995        Aug 11, Pres. Clinton vetoed a congressional move to end the arms embargo on Bosnia and sent Envoy Richard Holdbrooke on a new peace mission.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1996        Aug 11, The Reform Party opened the first part of its two-stage convention in Long Beach, Calif., with Ross Perot and Richard Lamm battling for the presidential nod.
    (AP, 8/11/97)
1996        Aug 11, It was reported that a Greek Cypriot man was killed and 41 injured in a border clash, after Greek Cypriot motorcyclists defied orders to halt a rode across the line to protest Turkey’s 1974 invasion.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 11, In Indonesia Budiman Sujatmiko, leader of the unauthorized People’s Democratic Party, was one of ten people arrested. The government was considering charges of subversion.
    (SFC, 8/13/96, p.A10)
1996        Aug 11, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin appointed Alexander Lebed as his pres. envoy to Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A9)
1996        Aug 11, In Turkey the prime minister approved an agreement to buy $20 billion of natural gas from Iran over 22 years.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 11, Rafael Jeronym Kubelik (b.1914), conductor, died at age 82. He led the Czech Philharmonic from 1941 to 1948 and the Chicago Symphony from 1050-1953. He was then musical director at London’s Covent Garden opera house and from 1961-1979 headed the Munich orchestra of Bavarian Radio. He was the son of Czech violinist Jan Kubelik.
    (SFC, 8/12/96, p.C5)(www.britannica.com/eb/article-9046338)

1997        Aug 11, Pres. Clinton made the first use of the historic line-item veto approved by Congress. He removed 3 narrow provisions in the new budget legislation in spending and tax bills. The Supreme Court later struck down the line-item veto as unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/11/05)
1997        Aug 11, US federal officials arrested 29 people in a drug sweep in New York, Michigan and New Mexico. The arrests were linked to Mexico’s Juarez cartel.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 11, It was reported that the US Energy Dept. was short of tritium for nuclear weapons and would borrow space from a civilian power plant for its production.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 11, Steelhead trout of the west coast was added to the federal list of imperiled species.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 11, The Environmental Working Group claimed that high levels of the weed killer atrazine were found in 245 Midwest communities. The chemical is used to spray corn and kill weeds.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 11, In Hawaii lava from Kilauea Volcano began to flow over the walls of a 700-year-old temple believed to have been used for human sacrifice.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 11, In Columbia leftist guerrillas killed at least 9 people in 2 separate incident.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 11, In Honduras some 700 inmates escaped from prisons at Santa Barbara and Trujillo after rioting prisoners set fire to facilities and burned them to the ground.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A9)
1997        Aug 11, From Israel it was reported that mobsters were in control of gambling, prostitution and money laundering rings in the resort city of Netanya. Seven gang killings in the last 18 months were reported and protection money was demanded from stall holders and shop owners.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A6)
1997        Aug 11, It was reported that Sri Lanka was getting desperate for recruits and that more than 12,000 soldiers had deserted the army in recent months. Women were being recruited and it was noted that half of the Tamil rebel attack forces were composed of women. The government military service was comprised of some 114,000 vs. about 5,000 Tamil fighters.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A7)
1997        Aug 11, Int’l. donors offered Thailand a $16-17 bil loan package.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A8)(SFC, 1/8/98, p.A7)

1998        Aug 11, Mitchell Johnson (14), one of the shooters in the March 24 Jonesboro, Ark., schoolyard massacre, pleaded guilty to murder and battery. He and Andrew Golden (12) were both convicted. The boys were detained by Arkansas juvenile authorities until they turned 18, then transferred to federal custody. Federal authorities released the two when they turned 21. In 2008 a US District Judge sentenced Johnson (24) to 4 more years in prison for possession of a 9mm pistol, a Federal violation of his parole. Charges remained pending on the possession of marijuana and a stolen credit card.
    (AP, 8/11/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Golden)
1998        Aug 11, Steve Fossett (54) became the first man to cross the south Atlantic in a balloon. He was on his 4th attempt to float around the world.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 11, Bell Atlantic workers returned to work after reaching a tentative agreement with management.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A9)
1998        Aug 11, British Petroleum PLC under John Browne announced a merger with Amoco Corp. in a purchase valued at $49 billion. The deal vaulted BP into the top ranks.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/11/99)(Econ, 1/20/07, p.17)
1998        Aug 11, The Judicial Council of the Methodist Church ruled pastors who perform gay marriages can be tried under a 1996 resolution prohibiting gay marriages.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 11, Tajikistan appealed to other former Soviet states for help in securing its borders as the Taliban consolidated its hold in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 8/12/98, p.A1)

1999        Aug 11, Pres. Clinton offered conditional amnesty to imprisoned Puerto Rican militants (FALN). The separatists were responsible for at least 150 bombings over a 9-year period that killed 6 people and injured over 70.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/14/99, p.A22)
1999        Aug 11, In Kansas the KC Board of Education deleted virtually any mention of evolution from the state's science curriculum. Gov. Bill Graves said the next day that the decision was "out of sync with reality."
    (SFC, 8/12/99, p.A2)(SFC, 8/14/99, p.A3)
1999        Aug 11, Buford O. Furrow Jr., a white supremacist, surrendered to the FBI in Las Vegas and confessed to wounding 5 people in LA and killing mail carrier Joseph Ileto (39). He said that he wanted his act to be "a wakeup call to America to kill Jews."
    (SFC, 8/12/99, p.A1,17)(AP, 8/11/00)
1999        Aug 11, A tornado hit downtown Salt Lake City killing one person and injuring over a hundred.
    (SFC, 8/12/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/11/00)
1999        Aug 11, A total eclipse of the sun by the moon was centered over Cornwall, England, and lasted 2 minutes and 6 sec.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A1)
1999        Aug 11, In Congo warring sides agreed to stop fighting until Aug 20 to allow the UN to vaccinate 10 million children against polio.
    (WSJ, 8/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 11, In Indonesia police and soldiers shot at battling mobs of Muslims and Christians. The death toll for the last 3 days of fighting in Malaku province climbed to 23.
    (SFC, 8/12/99, p.D3)
1999        Aug 11, In Liberia 6 European relief workers were kidnapped in Kolahun by insurgents based in Guinea.
    (SFC, 8/13/99, p.D2)
1999        Aug 11, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil rebels set off a mine under a bus carrying police officers and at least 11 people were killed and 17 wounded.
    (SFC, 8/12/99, p.D3)

2000        Aug 11, Pat Buchanan won the Reform Party’s presidential nomination and named Ezola Foster (62), a black former teacher, as his running mate. Dissidents, disputed by party founder Ross Perot’s supporters, chose physicist John Hagelin at a rump convention.
    (SFC, 8/12/00, p.A3)(AP, 8/11/01)
2000        Aug 11, The National Transportation Safety Board released evidence reports in the October 31st, 1999, crash of EgyptAir Flight 990 off the New England coast; a transcript of the cockpit voice recording showed the chilling details of the pilot’s futile struggle to save the Boeing 767 and its 217 occupants.
    (AP, 8/11/01)   
2000        Aug 11, A jury in Orlando, Fla., ordered the Disney Co. to pay $240 million to Nicholas Stracick and Edward Russell for stealing their ideas for a sports complex.
    (SFC, 8/12/00, p.A3)
2000        Aug 11, As many as 8 people subdued Jonathan Burton (19) during a flight to Salt Lake City from Las Vegas after he broke into the cockpit. Burton was pronounced dead on arrival to a Salt Lake hospital.
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.A6)
2000        Aug 11, British and US bombers struck southern Iraq and Iraqi military reported 2 people killed and 19 injured.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)

2001        Aug 11, In his weekly radio address, President Bush said his decision to restrict but not forbid federal financing of embryonic stem cell research placed him at the crossroads between protecting and enhancing human life.
    (AP, 8/11/02)
2001        Aug 11, A woman (71) who lived near downtown Atlanta died of the West Nile virus, the first reported death from the disease outside the Northeast since the virus emerged on the East Coast in 1999. Tests done by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed the cause of death. The virus, which can cause deadly swelling of the brain, has killed nine people in New York and New Jersey since 1999.
    (AP, 8/17/01)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 11, In northwestern Angola a train carrying hundreds of refugees and some soldiers hit a mine and derailed. Refugees were machine-gunned and over 252 were killed. Unita forces claimed responsibility.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 8/13/01, p.A1)(SFC, 8/14/01, p.A6)(SFC, 8/16/01, p.A9)
2001        Aug 11, Britain restored power-sharing in Northern Ireland after a 1-day suspension in order. The move allowed a 6-week postponement of whether or not to call new elections.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 11, In Brunei some 10,000 items belonging to Prince Jefri Bolkiah’s bankrupt development corporation went on auction.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A18)
2001        Aug 11, In, Bogota, Colombia 3 members of the Irish Republican Army were arrested after spending 5 weeks training FARC rebels in explosives and terrorist tactics.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 11, In northern Thailand heavy rains triggered flash floods that left at least 86 people dead and 70 missing.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 8/14/01, p.A1)

2002        Aug 11, Dr. Steven J. Hatfill, a bioweapons expert under scrutiny for anthrax-laced letters, fiercely denied any involvement and said he had cooperated with the investigation. He was eventually exonerated and given a $5.8 million settlement from the US government after years of their harassing him. Investigators on June 27, 2008, announced that the anthrax attacks had been carried out by another government scientist, Bruce Edwards Ivins, whom they concluded had acted alone.
    (AP, 8/11/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Hatfill)
2002        Aug 11, US Airways, the 6th largest US airline, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 11, Karrie Webb won her third Women's British Open title.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2002        Aug 11, Jiri Kolar (87), a Czech poet and artist known mainly for his pioneering work in the art of collage, died in Prague. His poetry books included "Birth Certificate" (1941)
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 11, In Congo fighting around Bunia ended and at least 110 civilians were killed and more than 70 injured. More than 10,000 families were displaced during the fighting.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 11, In eastern Congo renovation work uncovered the remains of 38 people buried in a communal grave at the site where the United Nations began building new headquarters for its peacekeeping force.
    (AP, 12/13/02)
2002        Aug 11, In northern India monsoon rains killed at least 43 people in Uttaranchal state.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 11, Israeli troops shot and killed Basil Naji (22), a Palestinian gunman, after he opened fire on Israeli road workers in the northern Gaza Strip, wounding one of them.
    (AP, 8/11/02)(SFC, 8/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Aug 11, In southwestern Uganda a minibus and a fuel tanker collided near Omukabale, killing at least 17 people and injuring two others.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 11, Yemen reported that 6 suspected Muslim militants were arrested for planning a bombing attack in the capital San'a. Two more were arrested in connection with a previous blast.
    (AP, 8/11/02)

2003        Aug 11, Pres. Bush named Mike Leavitt, Republican governor of Utah, to head the EPA.
    (SFC, 8/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 11, Herb Brooks, who coached the U.S. Olympic hockey team to the "Miracle on Ice" victory over the Soviet Union in 1980, died in a car wreck near Minneapolis at age 66.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2003        Aug 11, In Afghanistan NATO took command of the 5,000-strong international peacekeeping force in Kabul, its 1st deployment outside Europe.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 11, British troops restored badly needed electricity to parts of Basra and supervised distribution of gasoline after two days of protests over fuel and power shortages.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 11, In northern China a gas explosion ripped through a coal mine, killing at least 33 miners and leaving nine missing.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, The Dominican Republic granted asylum to former Ecuadorian President Gustavo Noboa, who has been under investigation for allegedly mishandling his country's foreign debt negotiations and costing the country $9 billion.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, A helicopter chartered by one of India's largest oil companies crashed into the Arabian Sea near Bombay with 29 people on board. Two people were rescued.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor shook hands with his designated successor as his long-promised resignation ceremony started in Monrovia. A UN official later reported that Taylor took $3 million with him, that had been donated for disarming and demobilizing thousands of armed combatants. Taylor flew into exile in Nigeria following his resignation.
    (AP, 8/11/03)(SFC, 9/6/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/14/09)
2003        Aug 11, Gunmen killed Nadirshakh Khachilayev, a former lawmaker, in Makhachkala, capital of Dagestan. In 1998 his armed supporters were accused of seizing a Dagestani government building during a violent anti-government raid and Russia's parliament voted to lift his immunity.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 11, Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah flew to Morocco for talks with King Mohammed VI about Iraq and the Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 8/11/03)
2003        Aug 11, Hambali (39), an Indonesian whose real name is Riduan Isamuddin, was captured in a raid in the ancient temple city of Ayutthaya, Thailand. Hambali, the operational head of Jemaah Islamiyah, was handed over to US authorities and flown out of the country. He was al Qaeda's top man in Southeast Asia and the suspected mastermind behind a string of deadly bombings including the Bali attacks.
    (Reuters, 8/15/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A3)(AP, 8/16/03)

2004        Aug 11, The U.S. women's soccer team defeated home team Greece 3-0 on the first day of competition in the 2004 Olympic Games. The opening ceremony took place two days later.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2004        Aug 11, A 3-day wildfire near Lake Shasta broke out and covered some 10,000 acres destroying 86 homes in Jones Valley. Matt Rupp (44) served 2 years in jail for accidentally igniting the fire while riding a mower over a field of dry grass.
    (SSFC, 8/15/04, p.B2)(SSFC, 8/10/08, p.A1)
2004        Aug 11, In Algeria an appeals court upheld a two-year prison term for one of Algeria's best known journalists in a case seen by many as a pretext to crush press freedom.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 11, Britain granted its 1st license for human embryonic cloning research.
    (WSJ, 8/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 11, In northeast Colombia suspected rebel gunmen lined up and killed nine coca pickers on a remote ranch.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 11, Ahmad Chalabi, former Iraqi Governing Council member who fell out of favor with the United States, returned to Iraq to face counterfeiting charges, but was never arrested. Charges were later dropped citing lack of evidence. Chalabi regained enough credibility to be made deputy prime minister on April 28, 2005. At the same time he was made acting oil minister. Since then he has thrived in becoming invaluable to the Iraqi government.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Chalabi#Falling_out_with_the_U.S..2C_2004-5)(AP, 8/11/04)
2004        Aug 11, An Islamic Web site carried a videotape that appeared to show militants in Iraq beheading a man identified as a CIA agent. The authenticity of the videotape could not be verified immediately.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2004        Aug 11, U.S. jet fighters bombed the turbulent city of Fallujah, killing four people and injuring four others.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2004        Aug 11, Ngugi wa Thiongo (b.1938), exiled Kenyan writer, was accosted by assailants during a return trip to Nairobi. His face was burned with cigarettes and his wife was raped.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngugi_wa_Thiongo)
2004        Aug 11-2004 Aug 15, Pakistani officials arrested around a dozen local and foreign militants who hatched a plot to launch strikes on August 13 and Pakistan's 57th Independence Day celebrated on August 14. The plot was masterminded by an Egyptian Al-Qaeda suspect named Sheikh Esa alias Qari Ismail.
    (AFP, 8/22/04)
2004        Aug 11, A West Bank assailant detonated a large bomb near a busy Israeli military checkpoint, killing two Palestinian men and wounding 16 people.
    (AP, 8/11/04)
2004        Aug 11, In northwestern Turkey 2 trains collided head on, killing 8 people, injuring 55 others.
    (AP, 8/11/04)(AP, 8/12/04)

2005        Aug 11, President Bush expressed sympathy for war protesters like Cindy Sheehan, the mother camped outside his Texas ranch demanding answers for her solider-son's death, but said he believed it would be a mistake to bring U.S. troops home immediately.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2005        Aug 11, Scott Sullivan, former WorldCom finance chief, was sentenced to five years in prison for his high-ranking role in the largest accounting fraud in U.S. history.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, It was reported that an anonymous donor will give $25 million to UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business to construct a new building for its executive education program.
    (SFC, 8/11/05, p.C1)
2005        Aug 11, Qualcomm announced that it would buy Flarion for some $600 million in order to gain access to post-3G network technology.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.51)
2005        Aug 11, Yahoo agreed to pay $1 billion in cash and turn over its Chinese operations to Alibaba in return for a 40% stake in the Chinese e-commerce company. Jack Ma started Alibaba.com in 1999 to support small business people in China.
    (WSJ, 8/12/05, p.A1,B1)
2005        Aug 11, A team of scientists from 10 countries reported that they had deciphered the genetic code of rice. This was the first cereal crop to be sequenced.
    (SFC, 8/11/05, p.A6)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.14)
2005        Aug 11, Scientists reported the discovery of an asteroid with 2 small moons. Asteroid 87 Sylvia was about 175 miles in diameter and circled the sun between the orbits of mars and Jupiter.
    (SFC, 8/11/05, p.A2)
2005        Aug 11, In Afghanistan a US service member was killed in Paktika province, the sixth American fatality in a week. An American soldier was killed and two others were wounded in an explosives training accident in central Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/11/05)(AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 11, Argentina and Venezuela signed an accord to set up a joint trust fund aimed at providing export financing to small businesses. Presidents Kirchner and Chavez signed a series of accords during the Chavez visit that included an expansion of Venezuelan fuel oil imports. Kirchner thanked Chavez for the purchase of $500 million of Argentine government bonds over the last few months.
    (WSJ, 8/12/05, p.A7)
2005        Aug 11, In Vienna the board of governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) unanimously approved a resolution demanding that Iran suspend all nuclear activities it resumed earlier this week.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Thirty-five Bangladeshi children who worked as camel jockeys in the United Arab Emirates arrived home to an uncertain future as part of a United Nations-sponsored program. The UAE now plans to use robots to race camels rather than children.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, A one-day strike by British Airways baggage handlers and other ground staff forced the cancellation of hundreds of flights to and from Heathrow Airport.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2005        Aug 11, Brazilian police said they recovered a small percentage of the currency stolen from the Central Bank in one of the world's biggest heists. Brazil's Central Bank released an official statement saying that the amount stolen was $70 million, instead of the $67.8 million it reported earlier.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 11, Beijing ordered an investigation into the cause of a flood at a coal shaft in southern China. Hopes of finding survivors among the 122 miners still trapped underground all but disappeared.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, El Salvador sent its fifth contingent of 380 soldiers to Iraq for humanitarian missions. President Tony Saca said it was in the same spirit as the countries that helped El Salvador during its 12-year civil war.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Manmohan Singh, India's first Sikh prime minister, apologized for riots two decades ago that killed nearly 3,000 Sikhs and were blamed on the Congress.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Indian officials said waterborne diseases have killed at least 46 people in Bombay in the past four days following widespread floods in the city last month.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, a former army general, and the Timorese ex-guerrilla fighter Xanana Gusmao witnessed the signing of documents appointing the 10 members of the Commission for Truth and Friendship.
    (AFP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, In Iraq gunmen killed at least 16 people in attacks across the country, including one that left a young girl wounded and her parents dead.
    (AFP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, An ex-soldier was sentenced to eight years in prison for fatally shooting British activist Tom Hurndall in April, 2003. It was the first case in which an Israeli soldier was convicted of killing a foreigner during more than four years of Israeli-Palestinian violence.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Louis-Jodel Chamblain, a Haitian rebel leader who once led a paramilitary group accused of killing and torturing thousands of people, was released from prison.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 11, Lebanese police arrested Omar Bakri, the Islamic cleric who is being investigated in Britain for his remarks on the London bombings.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Pakistan test fired its first cruise missile without warning archrival India under a new treaty requiring notification of tests involving missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. The Foreign Ministry said the missile notification agreement formalized by the two nuclear-armed nations over the weekend did not cover cruise missiles.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Peru's PM Carlos Ferrero quit unexpectedly in an apparent protest against President Alejandro Toledo's appointment of an unpopular political ally as foreign minister.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 11, The two unions representing 90,000 striking South African gold miners agreed to accept management's latest offer and return to work, ending the worst strike in 18 years in the world's largest gold-producing nation.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, A senior South Korean official said that North Korea has the right to a peaceful nuclear program, a view conflicting with Washington in its disagreement with the hard-line Pyongyang regime that has snagged disarmament talks.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Southern leader Salva Kiir Mayardit was sworn in as Sudan's 1st vice president.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, A judge in Suriname convicted the son of a former dictator of leading a ring that trafficked in cocaine, illegal arms and stolen luxury cars, sentencing him to 8 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Uganda police arrested Andrew Mwenda a day after the KFM radio station he works for was shut down following threats from President Yoweri Museveni to close media outlets that report conspiracies about the Garang's death.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 11, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend its mission in Iraq, reaffirming its leading role in helping to promote a national dialogue which is crucial for the country's political stability and unity.
    (AP, 8/11/05)
2005        Aug 11, Venezuela's major newspapers calculated that pro-Chavez candidates won some 47 percent of city council posts across the country, while opposition candidates won 17 percent and other independent parties had 18 percent of posts in the Aug 7 elections.
    (AP, 8/11/05)

2006        Aug 11, A Kentucky judge ruled that Gov. Ernie Fletcher, under fire for a hiring scandal, is protected by executive immunity and cannot be prosecuted while in office.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 11, BP PLC announced it would keep one side of the Prudhoe Bay oil field open as it replaced corroded pipes, averting a larger crimp in the nation's oil supply.
    (AP, 8/11/07)
2006        Aug 11, In SF Ed Jew, operator of a Chinatown flower shop, filed to run as supervisor for District 4. He won a surprise victory in November. In 2007 he faced residency questions and an FBI investigation regarding money accepted from a businessmen facing permit problems. On January 10, 2008 he resigned from the Board of Supervisors. Jew had been accused of violating the city charter by not living in the district he represented. On November 6, 2007, federal prosecutors obtained a grand jury indictment of Jew on five felony bribery, fraud and extortion charges, accusing him of running a scheme to shake down Sunset District businesses for $84,000 in bribes. His trial on federal charges was slated to being in July 2008.
    (SFC, 5/22/07, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_Jew#Resignation)
2006        Aug 11, Jamie Gold (36), a former Hollywood talent agent, won the $12 million grand prize in the World Series of Poker in Las Vegas, Nv.
    (SFC, 8/12/06, p.A2)
2006        Aug 11, In Michigan 3 Palestinian American men from Texas were arrested after buying dozens of cell phones at a Wal-Mart store. They were found with a 1000 cell phones and later charged with federal fraud conspiracy and money laundering. Initial terrorism charges were dropped.
    (SFC, 8/17/06, p.A3)
2006        Aug 11, Mike Douglas (born in 1925 as Michael Delaney Dowd Jr.), popular television host, died in Florida. His Mike Douglas Show began in Cleveland in 1961 and ended in 1982. In 1999 he authored the memoir “"I’ll be Right Back: Memories of TV’s Greatest Talk Show."
    (SFC, 8/12/06, p.B6)
2006        Aug 11, A suicide car bomber struck a NATO-led convoy in southern Afghanistan, killing one soldier. In northeastern Afghanistan 3 US soldiers were killed and 3 wounded after militants attacked an American patrol with rocket-propelled grenades and small arms fire.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 11, In Brazil officials said police had arrested 30 businessmen, government officials and soldiers accused of taking part in a scheme to net millions of dollars by over-billing for meals in the military and at schools.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 11, British officials identified 19 of the suspects accused of planning to blow up US-bound aircraft in the biggest terrorist plot to be uncovered since 9/11, while investigators probed their movements, background and finances. In addition, five Pakistanis have been arrested in Pakistan as suspected "facilitators" of the plot, as well as two Britons arrested there about a week ago. A Pakistani intelligence official said 10 Pakistanis were arrested in Bhawalpur district, 300 miles southwest of Islamabad, in connection with the terror plot in Britain.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 11, Typhoon Saomai, the strongest storm to strike China in 50 years, weakened to a tropical depression but drenched the country's southeast after killing at least 105 people with another 190 missing.
    (AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 11, German novelist Guenter Grass (78) admitted in an interview that he served in the Waffen SS, the combat arm of Adolf Hitler's dreaded paramilitary forces, during World War II. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1999 for works including his 1959 novel, "The Tin Drum." His new memoir about the war years, Peeling the Onion" was published in September, 2006. The English translation came out in 2007.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M1)
2006        Aug 11, Indonesian officials issued a last-minute stay of execution for three Christian militiamen on death row, but they added that the sentences would still be carried out.  Fabianus Tibo, Marinus Riwu and Dominggus da Silva, were scheduled to be executed August 12. They had been sentenced to death for inciting and carrying out attacks on Muslims in 2000 during religious violence on Sulawesi that left 1,000 dead from both faiths.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 11, US soldiers raided a funeral and detained 60 men suspected of ties to al-Qaida car bombings in the first major roundup of suspected insurgents since troop reinforcements began arriving for a new crackdown in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 11, Israeli airstrikes pounded south Beirut and border crossings to Syria, killing at least 14 people across Lebanon as ground fighting picked up intensity in the south. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert accepted an emerging Mideast cease-fire deal and informed the United States of his decision. An Israeli drone fired at a convoy of refugees fleeing southern Lebanon, killing at least six people and wounding 16.
    (AP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 11, North Kenya authorities said they caught at least 45 sympathizers or members of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), a small Ethiopian group operating on the border. Ethiopia reported having shot dead 11 Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLH) fighters.
    (Reuters, 8/11/06)(Econ, 8/19/06, p.44)
2006        Aug 11, An oil tanker sank in rough seas off the Philippine coast of Guimaras Island, about 312 miles southeast of Manila. About 528,000 gallons of industrial fuel was leaking from the accident.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 11, The Sri Lankan air force bombed Tamil Tiger-held areas in the east. Tamil Tigers warned of a humanitarian crisis after 42,000 people were displaced by a surge in violence that has left Sri Lanka's truce in tatters, as fighting erupted on two new fronts.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(AFP, 8/11/06)
2006        Aug 11, The UN Human Rights Council condemned Israel for "massive bombardment of Lebanese civilian populations" and other "systematic" human rights violations, and decided to send a commission to investigate. UN Resolution 1701 called for Israel’s withdrawal from Lebanon and the disarmament of Hezbollah.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.11)(www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/sc8808.doc.htm)
2006        Aug 11, The Zimbabwe Cabinet slashed fuel prices for private motorists by almost half, but experts said the move could lead to further shortages and fail to snuff out a flourishing black market.
    (AFP, 8/18/06)

2007        Aug 11, President George W. Bush welcomed France's Pres. Sarkozy to the Bush family's oceanfront home in Maine for a private meeting, boat ride and picnic fare.
    (www.cbc.ca/world/story/2007/08/11/bush-sarkozy.html)
2007        Aug 11, Republican Mitt Romney (b.1947) won the first test of the 2008 White House race, using a big wallet and broad organization to muscle aside a field of rivals in a low-turnout Iowa straw poll. Mike Huckabee (b.1955), former governor of Arkansas, came in second.
    (Reuters, 8/11/07)(WSJ, 8/13/07, p.A5)
2007        Aug 11, Zhang Shuhong, who co-owned Lee Der Industrial Co. Ltd., killed himself at a warehouse, days after China announced it had temporarily banned exports by the company.
    (AP, 8/13/07)
2007        Aug 11, It was reported that citizens in 5 of Egypt’s 26 governorates have been suffering a dire shortage of drinking water.
    (Econ, 8/11/07, p.40)
2007        Aug 11, In Guatemala 46 children believed abducted or coerced from their parents were rescued from Casa Quivira, an adoption home catering to foreigners run by Clifford Phillips of Deland, Fla., and his Guatemalan wife and attorney, Sandra Gonzalez.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 11, The int’l. medical charity Doctors Without Borders said it has been stopped from working in a Maoist-hit area of India, after being accused of treating banned rebels.
    (AFP, 8/11/07)
2007        Aug 11, Iran’s state-run news network said Iran and Iraq have signed an agreement to build pipelines for the transfer of Iraqi crude oil and oil products.
    (AFP, 8/11/07)
2007        Aug 11, A powerful roadside bomb killed Khalil Jalil Hamza, the governor of Qadisiyah province and the police chief. The southern province has seen fierce internal fighting between Shiite factions. Militants bombed the house of a prominent anti-al-Qaida Sunni cleric, seriously wounding him and killing three of his relatives in what appeared to be an increased campaign against Sunnis who have turned against the terror network. The bodies of four men abducted a week ago were found chopped into pieces in Dujail, 50 miles north of Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed one civilian and wounded another while they were driving on the highway south of Baghdad. A local tribal leader in Albu Khalifa, a village west of Baghdad, was gunned down by militants who broke into his home. Gunmen ambushed a police patrol southwest of the northern city of Kirkuk, killing three officers and wounding another. The US military reported the death of a Task Force Lightning soldier in a non-combat incident. 5 American soldiers were killed in southeastern Baghdad, including four in an ambush bombing after a sniper felled a soldier.
    (AP, 8/11/07)(AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 11, Hamas militiamen detained 32 Fatah supporters across Gaza, half of them after breaking up a bachelor's party and beating guests with clubs and chairs.
    (AP, 8/11/07)
2007        Aug 11, Sierra Leone held its first elections since UN peacekeepers left nearly two years ago, a vote that will test whether the diamond-rich West African country can transfer power peacefully after years of conflict. The opposition won a parliamentary majority, but the presidential race faced a runoff in September.
    (AP, 8/11/07)(WSJ, 8/24/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 11, In Somalia 2 prominent radio journalists were assassinated in Mogadishu within hours of each other, one just outside his office and the other as he returned from his colleague's burial.
    (AP, 8/11/07)
2007        Aug 11, In northeast Sri Lanka security forces shot dead five suspected LTTE cadres as they tried to lay landmines. Two gunmen riding on a motorbike shot dead a Muslim man in the eastern district of Ampara.
    (AFP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 11, A security official said disarmament has finally started in south Sudan's state of Eastern Equatoria under a 2005 peace deal now it has been made possible by the departure of Ugandan rebels.
    (Reuters, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 11, Togo national television said 3 new cases of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu have been detected in poultry on farms in Sigbehoue, 45 kilometers east of the capital.
    (AFP, 8/11/07)

2008        Aug 11, President George W. Bush said he used talks with China's leaders during the Beijing Olympics to press them to use their influence with Sudan to help end the humanitarian crisis in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger sued state Controller John Chiang for refusing to follow the governor’s order to slash pay for thousands of state workers during the budget impasse.
    (SFC, 8/12/08, p.B1)
2008        Aug 11, Federal prosecutors in NYC charged Joseph Shereshevsky and Steven Byers, partners in Chicago-based WexTrust Capital, with raising over $250 million through a Ponzi scheme, mainly from Orthodox Jews.
    (WSJ, 8/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 11, Jurors in Stockton, Ca., convicted William Choyce (54) for the murders of 3 prostitutes. He was serving time in state prison for rape when DNA evidence linked him to the murders dating back to 1988.
    (SFC, 8/13/08, p.B12)
2008        Aug 11, George Furth (b.1932), writer and actor, died in Santa Monica. He wrote the book for “Company," a 1971 Broadway musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. As an actor he appeared in over 85 films and TV show episodes.
    (SFC, 8/12/08, p.B5)
2008        Aug 11, Don Helms (81), steel guitarist, died in Nashville. Helms had played on over 100 Hank Williams songs.
    (SSFC, 8/17/08, p.B4)
2008        Aug 11, An Afghan police officer was killed and two others were injured in a roadside bomb explosion on the southeastern outskirts of Kabul. 3 civilians were killed and 15 people were wounded, including three NATO troops, when a suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a NATO military convoy in Kabul. In the northern province of Maimana meanwhile a Latvian ISAF soldier was killed and three others wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, Fred Sinowatz (b. 1929) former Chancellor of Austria (1983 to 1986), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Sinowatz)
2008        Aug 11, In Belarus Emmanuel Zeltser, an American lawyer, was sentenced to 3 years in prison after being convicted at a closed trial for commercial espionage and using false documents. He is an expert on organized crime and money laundering. The US raised protests over his detention and concerns about his health in custody. Zeltser (55) was released on June 30, 2009, following a presidential pardon.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(AP, 7/1/09)
2008        Aug 11, Brazil's environment minister said he granted a license for the Santo Antonio hydroelectric dam but attached stringent conditions to protect Amazon Indian reservations and nature preserves. The dam is expected to cost 9.5 billion reals (US$5.9 billion) and go online in 2012. The dam is one of two planned for the Madeira river in the Amazon state of Rondonia.
    (AP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, In China the US remained third in the medals table at the end of the third day of Olympic competition with three gold medals behind hosts China with nine after the completion of 34 events, and South Korea with four. Abhinav Bindra became the first Indian to ever win a solo gold medal at the Olympic Games after winning the men's 10m air rifle title.
    (AP, 8/11/08)(www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2008/aug/14/olympicgames.shooting)
2008        Aug 11, Swarms of Russian jets launched new raids on Georgian territory and Georgia faced the threat of a second front of fighting as Russia demanded that Georgia disarm troops near the breakaway province of Abkhazia.
    (AP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, Indian troops shot dead Sheikh Abdul Aziz (52), a prominent Kashmiri separatist leader, and three other protesters. The shooting came as Indian security forces tried to prevent about 100,000 Muslims from marching towards the de facto border with Pakistan.
    (AFP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, The Iraqi government said it has halted military operations in Diyala province for a week to give insurgents time to surrender. A female suicide bomber (15) struck a market checkpoint in the provincial capital of Baqouba, killing at least one policeman and wounding 14 other people. Another bomb exploded in the Wijaihiyah area, about 12 miles east of Baqouba, killing 5 Iraqi women. A bomb stuck under a car exploded in eastern Baghdad, killing the driver and wounding two other people.
    (AP, 8/11/08)(SFC, 8/12/08, p.A7)
2008        Aug 11, Mauritania's ousted PM Yahya Ould Ahmed Waqef defiantly refused to recognize the African country's ruling military junta, after he was freed from house arrest under international pressure.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 11, In Acapulco, Mexico, gunmen traveling in a sport utility vehicle fired at a hardware store killing a girl (14) and a man (35).
    (AP, 8/12/08)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,402108,00.html)
2008        Aug 11, Pakistani forces trained gunfire and dropped bombs on Islamic militants in and around the main town of a tribal region next to the Afghan border, forcing thousands of residents to flee. The bodies of two men beheaded by militants were found about 12 miles north of Khar along with a note accusing them of spying for US and Pakistani authorities. In Peshawar an explosion killed one man and wounded another apparently as they were planting a bomb near a private clinic.
    (AP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, Philippine attack aircraft and artillery bombed Muslim rebel positions for a second day, raising fears of a humanitarian disaster in North Cotabato province with nearly 130,000 refugees forced to flee. Members of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked a town on the island of Basilan, around 200 km (125 miles) southwest of where the main fighting was taking place, and disrupted voting in local elections there.
    (Reuters, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, Thailand's Supreme Court issued arrest warrants for ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra and his wife after they failed to appear at a hearing on corruption charges and fled to London, saying they could not get justice in their homeland.
    (AP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, A roadside bomb exploded in eastern Turkey, killing nine soldiers who were on their way back from an operation against Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 8/11/08)
2008        Aug 11, Two Yemeni security officers and five suspected al-Qaida militants died in a gunbattle in Tarim, a southern Yemeni town.
    (AP, 8/11/08)

2009        Aug 11, Bernard Madoff's long-time deputy, Frank DiPascali, pleaded guilty to financial crimes including helping others carry out Wall Street's biggest investment fraud, but shed little more light in court on the decades-long swindle.
    (Reuters, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, General Motors Corp. said its Chevrolet Volt rechargeable electric car should get 230 miles per gallon of gasoline in city driving, more than four times the mileage of the current champion, the Toyota Prius.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, The US Homeland Security department was scheduled to return $2.4 million to Mexico's tax administration, the first batch of money seized during a binational investigation into smuggled oil that authorities expect to lead to more arrests and seizures. So far this year, oil theft was up 10 percent, and confirmed in 19 states, up from 13 in 2008.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, Former US President Bill Clinton appointed the physician and Harvard University professor Paul Farmer as the UN Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti to assist in advancing the economic and social development of the impoverished Caribbean nation.
    (www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=31740)
2009        Aug 11, Eunice Kennedy Shriver (88), the sister of President John F. Kennedy, died at a Hyannis hospital. She carried on the family's public service tradition by founding the Special Olympics and championing the rights of the mentally disabled. Shriver organized the first Special Olympics in 1968 in Chicago.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Richmond, Ca., distraught boyfriend Nathaniel Burris (46) shot and killed toll collector Deborah Ross (51) in her booth at the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge. He also shot and killed Golden Gate Transit bus driver Ersie Charles Everette III (58) in the parking lot and then escaped. Burris was arrested later in the day in Placer County. Burris was convicted of the double murder on Nov 7, 2012. On Nov 20 a jury sentenced him to death.
    (SFC, 8/12/09, p.A1)(SFC, 8/13/09, p.A12)(SFC, 11/8/12, p.C3)(SFC, 11/21/12, p.C1)
2009        Aug 11, An Afghan official said authorities have hired some 10,000 Afghan tribesmen to protect this month's presidential election, raising the possibility that village militias could be enlisted to fight against the Taliban. In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed nine civilians. The body of a Polish soldier, who had disappeared while under fire a day earlier, was found in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Brazil authorities charged Bishop Edir Macedo and nine other people linked to the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God with siphoning off billions of dollars in donations from his mostly poor followers to buy jewelry, TV stations and other businesses for himself. Macedo, who founded the church in 1977, owns a large television network, three newspapers and several radio stations. He also owns a tourism agency and an air taxi company.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Brazil police were reported to be investigating the "Canal Livre" crime TV show saying the show's host, state legislator Wallace Souza, was suspected of commissioning at least five murders to boost his ratings and prove his claim that Brazil's Amazon region is awash in violent crime. Police also have accused Souza of drug trafficking.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, Canada signed a free trade deal with Panama and said it wanted to conclude more such agreements, given that talks to open up the global trading system were going nowhere.
    (Reuters, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Chechnya Zarema Sadulayeva, the head of the Save the Generation Chechen aid group, and her husband, Alik Dzhabrailov, were found shot dead in the trunk of their car a day after being kidnapped.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, China formally arrested four employees of Anglo-American mining giant Rio Tinto Ltd. for infringing trade secrets and bribery, but stopped short of laying politically explosive espionage charges in a case that has strained ties with key trading partner Australia.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 11, Authorities in the Democratic Republic of Congo arrested Gregoire Ndahimana, a former Rwandan mayor, for his alleged role in the 1994 genocide. Measures were taken for him to be transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.
    (AFP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Congo US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called for the Democratic Republic of Congo to punish soldiers responsible for rape as she toured the war-torn east. She also unveiled a $17 million plan to help fight the sexual violence in eastern Congo.
    (AFP, 8/11/09)(SFC, 8/12/09, p.A3)
2009        Aug 11, In France restive youths in a Paris suburb torched a tourist bus and nearly a half-dozen cars and hurled objects at police, in a night of fullblown unrest prompted by the death of a teen fleeing police on Aug 9. Some witnesses claimed a police car hit the young motorcyclist after he tried to flee a document check outside the project.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Honduras some 10,000 protesters arrived in Tegucigalpa after staging weeklong walks across Honduras, producing one of the largest demonstrations in support of Zelaya since he was ousted by the army June 28 and flown out of the country.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Indonesia UNAIDS regional director Prasada Rao cited a new report saying more than 1.5 million women living with HIV in Asia were infected by their partners and 50 million more are at risk of infection. Rao spoke on the sidelines of the ninth International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP), which is being held on the Indonesian resort island of Bali.
    (AFP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, Iran's opposition said at least 69 people have died in two months of postelection unrest based on accounts from the victims' families, more than double the official toll released by parliament. Mir Hossein Mousavi, the top opposition leader, said that the abuse and death of protesters detained after the disputed presidential elections shows the need for "deep change" in the country, in the most sweeping call for reform of the system to date.
    (AP, 8/11/09)(AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 11, In southeastern Kenya assailants armed with arrows, spears and machetes killed Campbell Bridges (72), a Scottish-born geologist, in an apparent dispute over mining rights. In 1968 Bridges became the first to record the discovery of gemstone-quality tsavorite, in Tanzania. Tsavorite, mined in Tanzania and Kenya, is a green variety of garnet that shines even before polishing. On Aug 19 Kenyan police arrested Alfred Makogo Njiruka, the chairman of a small miners association and the suspected mastermind in the killing of Bridges.
    (AP, 8/13/09)(AP, 8/20/09)
2009        Aug 11, Kuwaiti authorities announced they have arrested an al-Qaida-linked group that was planning to attack Camp Arifjan, a key US military base in Kuwait. 5 of the suspects are cousins who were convicted for involvement in the 2002 attack on a group of US Marines training on the Kuwaiti island of Failaka, where one Marine was killed and another wounded.
    (AP, 8/11/09)(AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 11, Liechtenstein raised the gate on its tax-haven fortress, making a deal enabling London to snare about 5,000 British accounts holders with up to 3.0 billion pounds in secret deposits.
    (AFP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In northern Mexico Monterrey city police were told not to sit in parked patrol cars observing traffic, because officials suspect they could be spying for criminal gangs or drug cartels. Gunmen attacked a vehicle carrying a prison director in Chihuahua, killing three bodyguards and wounding two more seriously.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 11, A Myanmar court convicted Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi of violating her house arrest by allowing John Yettaw, an uninvited American, to stay at her home. The head of the military-ruled country ordered the democracy leader to serve an 18-month sentence under house arrest. Yettaw was also convicted, and had just spent a week in a prison hospital for epileptic seizures.
    (AP, 8/11/09)(AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Pakistan police officials in Islamabad confirmed that they had registered a criminal case against former Pres. Pervez Musharraf for detaining 60 Supreme Court judges and their families following emergency rule in 2007.
    (SFC, 8/12/09, p.A3)
2009        Aug 11, In Pakistan at least 10 militants were killed in a suspected US drone strike in South Waziristan region, the same area where Pakistani Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud is said to have been killed last week.
    (Reuters, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, The Palestinian Fatah movement ended a 4-day conference. Pres. Abbas was unanimously re-elected as party head and a group of younger leaders were elected to its top council, bolstering its credentials as the West's best hope for Mideast peace. Also elected were Marwan Barghouti (50), a firebrand militant leader now jailed by Israel and seen as a likely future president, and Jibril Rajoub (56), a former aide to the late Yasser Arafat who led several crackdowns against Hamas.
    (AP, 8/11/09)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.41)
2009        Aug 11, In Papua New Guinea a charter plane carrying 13 people to a popular tourist site vanished on approach in bad weather to an airport nestled in rugged terrain. No survivors were found in the wreckage, which was located the next day in the mountainous Kokoda region.
    (AP, 8/11/09)(AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 11, In Somalia 4 European aid workers and two Kenyan pilots were released after being held hostage for nine months.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In South Africa a report to the Parliament said first year students at 4 universities were found to be unable to read or write properly. The country’s education system was described as dysfunctional.
    (SSFC, 8/16/09, p.A4)
2009        Aug 11, Taiwanese authorities put the confirmed death toll from Morakot at 62 and listed 57 people as missing, but that did not include residents in the village of Shiao Lin.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, A Thai court rejected a US request to extradite Viktor Bout, an alleged Russian arms smuggler dubbed the "Merchant of Death," dealing a setback to American efforts to try him on charges of plotting to supply weapons to Colombian rebels. The court rejected the extradition request because Bout had not been accused of committing any crimes against Thailand, which has not listed FARC as a terrorist group.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, Yemen’s government launched "Operation Scorched Earth," an all-out offensive to stamp out an uprising in the northern Saada province, after rebels claimed they had wrested more control of the region from Sunni-led government troops.
    (AP, 8/13/09)(AFP, 2/8/10)
2009        Aug 11, Two Yemenis jailed in the United States over terrorism charges received a tumultuous public welcome on their return home after serving more than six years in prison. Sheik Mohammed Ali Hasan Al-Moayad (60) and his assistant Mohammed Zayed were arrested in 2003 and convicted of supporting terrorist groups such as Al-Qaida. Al-Moayad was sentenced to 75 years in prison and Mohammed Zayed received 45 years, but on August 7 they pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of supporting the Palestinian militant group Hamas and given six years time served.    
    (AP, 8/11/09)

2010        Aug 11, The US Treasury Dept. said it is sending an additional $2 billion to what it calls the 17 “hardest hit" states to help unemployed homeowners pay their mortgages.
    (SFC, 8/12/10, p.D1)
2010        Aug 11, A US military tribunal sentenced Ibrahim al-Qosi (50), Osama bin Laden's former cook, to 14 years in prison, but he is expected to serve far less under a plea deal that remains secret. Al-Qosi has been held at Guantanamo for more than eight years. In Feb, 2011, a US military legal official reduced the sentence, suspending all but two years. On July 11, 2012, al-Qosi was returned to Sudan.
    (Reuters, 8/12/10)(AP, 2/9/11)(AP, 7/11/12)
2010        Aug 11, In Iowa 3 nights of heavy rainfall caused creeks and rivers to swell, forcing hundreds of residents from their homes and killing a 16-year-old girl when three cars were swept away by a torrent of water on a rural road.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 11, Over a billion Muslims around the world began observing the holy month of Ramadan, with the dawn-to-dusk fast posing a particular challenge for the devout in the sweltering Middle East summer.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Dan Rostenkowski (b.1928), former US Rep. from Illinois (1959-1995), died at his home in Wisconsin. In 1996 he pleaded guilty to mail fraud and served 15 months in prison.
    (SFC, 8/12/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 11, In Afghanistan about 350 of the country’s Islamic clerics, or ulema, ended a 3-day meeting with a declaration calling on President Hamid Karzai to enact sharia, or Islamic law, including punishments such as stonings, lashing, amputation and execution.
    (Reuters, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 11, Researchers reported that plastic surgery patients have carried a new class of superbugs resistant to almost all antibiotics from South Asia to Britain and they could spread worldwide. This so-called NDM-1 gene was first identified last year by Cardiff University's Timothy Walsh in two types of bacteria, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli, in a Swedish patient admitted to hospital in India.
    (AFP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Bosnian officials said they have so far found 60 partial skeletons in the muddy banks of the manmade Lake Perucac in eastern Bosnia since the water level was lowered for dam maintenance. The victims were killed at the beginning of the 1992-95 war, thrown into the Drina river, and lodged into the banks of the lake. In 2012 a mass funeral was held for 66 Muslim Bosnians killed in Visegrad.
    (AP, 8/11/10)(AP, 5/26/12)
2010        Aug 11, Canada said a cargo ship that may be carrying as many 500 migrants from Sri Lanka was nearing its Pacific coast. The M.V. Sun Sea entered an economic zone within 200 miles of Vancouver Island and was being tracked by a Canadian navy warship.
    (Reuters, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, In the Central African Republic the local Red Cross said floods have killed three people and left more than a thousand homeless in the country's north.
    (AFP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Chinese rescuers raced against a potential new deluge in northwest Gansu province and hurried to drain an unstable lake formed by the country’s worst mudslides in decades. The mudslide left about 1500 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/11/10)(AFP, 5/13/12)
2010        Aug 11, China launched its biggest relocation program since the Three Gorges Dam. The first group of 499 villagers was moved in central Hubei province and a total of 60,000 people were to be relocated by Sept. 30. The rest, for a total of 330,000, will be moved by 2014.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 11, In CongoDRC around 40 people were killed when an overloaded truck laden with passengers plowed into Lake Tanganyika, Africa’s deepest lake.
    (Reuters, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 11, Indonesia's best-known radical cleric, Abu Bakar Bashir, was charged with helping plan terrorist attacks in the world's most populous Muslim nation, a crime that carries a maximum penalty of death.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Iranian state television broadcast a purported confession by Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, of being an accomplice to the murder of her husband. The Iranian woman had faced death by stoning for adultery. Ashtiani was first convicted in May 2006 of having an "illicit relationship" with two men following the death of her husband. The next day her lawyer told a British newspaper that she was tortured for two days before confessing on state TV to being an accomplice to her husband's death.
    (AP, 8/12/10)(AFP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 11, In Iraq gunmen burst into a house in Sadiyah, Diyala province, killing three people and sending the surviving children to an Iraqi army checkpoint to lure soldiers to the residence. As the troops arrived at the booby-trapped house, it blew up, leaving 8 soldiers dead. Gunmen broke into the house of a senior female doctor in Baghdad and killed her. the gunmen used pistols fitted with silencers and stole 250 million Iraqi dinars (about $215,000).
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Toyota said it has suspended auto exports to Iran indefinitely in line with global sanctions against Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon questioned prosecutors and judges as to why so few people are caught and punished for violent crimes.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Morocco’s official media said security forces have broken up a radical Islamist cell that was planning attacks in Morocco and foreign assets there.
    (Reuters, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Nicaraguan Supreme Court justices, who support President Daniel Ortega, picked seven lawyers from Ortega's Sandinista party to replace opposition judges who have been boycotting court sessions.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, In Nigeria a condemned building collapsed in Abuja and killed 23 people. Squatters who lived there described jumping from two storeys up to escape. Russian sailors Igor Ivanov and Andrei Pukke were kidnapped in the southern delta. On Sep 9 they were reported to have been released by their captors following a $60,000 ransom.
    (AFP, 8/12/10)(AFP, 8/14/10)(AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Aug 11, Norway pledged to work for democracy in Swaziland, Africa's last absolute monarchy during a Norwegian-sponsored meeting held in South Africa and featuring diplomats and Swazi pro-democracy groups.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, The UN appealed for $459 million in aid for flood-hit Pakistan, warning of a second wave of death among sick, hungry survivors unless help arrived quickly.
    (Reuters 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, The Islamist Hamas movement released 100 prisoners in its Gaza enclave, including members of the rival Fatah, in honor of the start of Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Russia said it has deployed high-precision air defense missiles in the breakaway Georgian region of Abkhazia, sending a defiant signal to Tblisi and the West two years after a war with Georgia.
    (Reuters, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, In Rwanda a grenade attack shook Kigali wounding at least seven people as Pres. Paul Kagame was declared winner of a much-criticized election devoid of real opposition. Two people later died of injuries sustained in the grenade blast.
    (AFP, 8/12/10)(AFP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 11, Turkey said it will support petrol sales by Turkish companies to Iran, despite US sanctions that aim to squeeze the Islamic Republic's fuel imports.
    (Reuters, 8/11/10)
2010        Aug 11, Zimbabwe auctioned 900,000 carats of rough diamonds that were mined from its Marange fields, an area where human rights groups say soldiers killed 200 people, raped women and forced children into hard labor.
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2011        Aug 11, Three boys, the grandsons of Republican U.S. Rep. Gary Miller, were turned over to US authorities at the Tijuana border. Their mother, Jennifer Dejongh, was supposed to drop her three sons off at the California congressman's house in 2007 for an extended visit but did not take them there. Dejongh (34) was turned over to the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and was held on $500,000 bail.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry confirmed that he is running for the US presidency as 8 other Republican candidates debated in Iowa.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A10)
2011        Aug 11, Virginia sued the Bank of Mellon alleging that it defrauded state and local pension funds 73,000 times since 2000.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 11, The DJIA rose 423.37 to close at 11,143.31 the 4th straight day this week of a net change of 400 points or more.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.D1)
2011        Aug 11, US pharmaceutical giant Pfizer began long-awaited compensation payments to Nigerian families over a 1996 drug trial blamed for the deaths of 11 children and disabilities in dozens of others. Only four families were paid in the initial disbursements, while some 200 children participated in the trial of meningitis drug Trovan.
    (AFP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, In southern Afghanistan 5 NATO soldiers were killed by a bomb. Another NATO service member died in an insurgent attack in the south. The Taliban rejected a US claim to have killed the fighters who shot down an American helicopter killing 38 troops. 5 Afghan police were killed in an overnight clash with the Taliban in Helmand province. 2 Afghan soldiers, abducted a day earlier, were found dead in Logar province. A French soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded on a convoy in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, Brazilian police arrested seven people and seized more than 2,600 animals in a 2-day crackdown on the illegal trafficking of wild animals. The watchdog group Renctas says about 15% of the $10 billion to $20 billion global illegal animal trade takes place in Brazil.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Brazilian Judge Patricia Acioli was shot to death in front of her house. She had put more than 60 officers behind bars, most of them for murder. All of the 21 bullets that hit her came from a lot issued to police, including some in Sao Goncalo, the city where she worked. A police commander and seven officers were soon arrested in connection with her murder.
    (AP, 9/16/11)(AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Aug 11, Police in London raided houses to round up more rioting suspects as Britain's big cities remained largely quiet after four days of rioting and looting that drew thousands of police officers onto the streets. The four days of riots left five people dead, thousands facing criminal charges and hundreds of millions in damages.
    (AP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 11, Burundi and South Africa signed several cooperation deals including in defense, education and agriculture during Pres. Zuma's visit to the central African country.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Chinese security forces launched a two-month "strike hard" crackdown against violence, terrorism and radical Islam following renewed ethnic violence in the restive western region of Xinjiang. It will last through Oct. 15, and includes around-the-clock patrols of trouble spots, identity checks and street searches of people and vehicles.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 11, Chinese designated lama Gyaltsen Norbu (21), the hand-picked 11th Panchen Lama, arrived at Xiahe, home of the Labrang Monastery. He left on Aug 16 following a cool welcome.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A2)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.39)
2011        Aug 11, In Estonia a gunman armed with explosives entered the Defense Ministry and opened fire, but police stormed the building and killed him. No one else was hurt. Officials identified the attacker as Karen Drambjan, an Armenian-born lawyer who has held Estonian citizenship since the early 1990s. He was a member of the small, left-wing Estonian United Left Party that is not represented in Parliament.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Ethiopian officials said they will not heed the UN's recommendation to halt construction on a dam that the world body says endangers a world heritage site. Project manager Azeb Asnake said that government impact studies found Gilgel Gibe III dam does not endanger Lake Turkana, the world's largest desert lake.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Umar Patek (41), a key suspect in the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people, was escorted home to Indonesia under tight security to stand trial, six months after he was captured in the same northwestern Pakistani town where Osama bin Laden was killed. The al-Qaida-linked militant, had a $1 million bounty on his head when authorities caught up with him on Jan. 25 in Abbottabad.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, In Iraq the criminal court of Salaheddin issued a death sentence for a lieutenant colonel, the former deputy commander of an oil protection unit in Salaheddin province, for smuggling 116 tankers of kerosene, saying he aimed to "finance terrorism" with proceeds from the kerosene sales. 2 roadside bombs went off in Ramadi killing 3 people. 24 people were wounded in the attack, which appeared to target worshippers as they came out of a mosque.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, Israel's interior minister gave final authorization to build 1,600 apartments in disputed east Jerusalem and said it will approve 2,700 more in days.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Israeli media said Dirar Abu Sisi, a Gazan engineer snatched from Ukraine, has told Israeli interrogators that he headed a Hamas military academy to rebuild Hamas fighting capabilities after a devastating war with Israel. Hamas has denied that Abu Sisi had any connection to the organization.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, The UN’s Ivory Coast mission said there were 26 extrajudicial killings in the Ivory Coast in the past four weeks, mostly blamed on fighters who helped President Alassane Ouattara take power. The killings were reported between July 11 and August 10.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, In Lebanon a bomb went off in a north Beirut suburb, killing two people and damaging several cars, including one belonging to a judge. One of the two men reportedly handling the bomb died almost immediately, while another was seriously wounded and died later in hospital.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Libyan loyalists killed one rebel and wounded 10 others as the insurgents moved on the town of Taurga in a bid to snuff out rocket fire on the besieged city of Misrata. Rebel fighters gained control of a residential unit in Brega. 11 rebels died in the clashes and 40 were wounded.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, Mexican police arrested the suspected leader of a brutal drug gang called "The Hand with Eyes" and he has confessed to helping carry out or ordering more than 600 murders. Oscar Osvaldo Garcia Montoya (36) was arrested in an overnight raid on a presumed safe house on the outskirts of Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, In Pakistan a female suicide attacker and a handcart bomb targeted police in Peshawar, killing 7 people in the first deadly attacks to hit the northwest during Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, A Rwanda court acquitted former university lecturer and botanist Runyinya Barabwiriza, a one-time adviser to killed president Juvenal Habyarimana, after he spent 16 years in jail on accusations of planning the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, South Africa announced it has approved a national health insurance proposal aimed at overhauling weak public facilities that serve more than 80 percent of the population. The National Health Insurance (NHI) scheme will be piloted in 10 areas next year and rolled out nationally over 14 years.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Sri Lanka closed all its national parks to tourists for a 3-day census of elephants. Officials believed the Sri Lanka elephant population to be 5,000 to 6,000, down from an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 in the early 1900s.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 11, The Syrian army stormed Saraqeb, a northwestern town near Turkey's border, and shot dead 11 people in Qusair, a western town near the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Online media said authorities in Uzbekistan have blocked dozens of Internet sites in an apparent attempt to further stem the flow of information into the authoritarian Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 8/11/11)

2012        Aug 11, Mitt Romney announced he's selected Rep. Paul Ryan of Wisconsin as his vice presidential running mate.
    (SSFC, 8/12/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 11, NYC police shot and killed Darrius Kennedy (51). They said he lunged at them with a knife in a confrontation that began in Times Square and drew officers and spectators on a chase that ended with shots fired near one of New York's most crowded tourist areas. Two officers fired 12 rounds hitting him with at least 7 shots.
    (AP, 8/12/12)(SFC, 8/13/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 11, Wiki-Leaks said it has been the victim of a sustained denial-of-service attack, leaving its website sluggish or inaccessible for over a week.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 11, In southwestern Afghanistan a member of the Afghan National Police opened fire at his colleagues at a checkpoint in Nimroz province, killing 11 of his fellow policemen before being killed in an ensuing gunbattle. A Taliban attack on a police checkpoint sparked a gunbattle that left two police officers and two Afghan civilians dead in Kandahar province. Security forces arrested 4 Afghans and a Pakistani in Kabul, foiling an insurgent plot.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/12/12)(SFC, 8/13/12, p.A3)(AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 11, In Bosnia Tarik Bijelic (6) was buried. He had been hit by a land mine as he scavenged in the forest for firewood to help his family make ends meet. Under an international treaty, Bosnia was supposed to be free of mines by 2009. It has quietly obtained another decade to clear an estimated 1,300 remaining square km (500 square miles) of mine fields.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 11, British police investigating the disappearance of Tia Sharp (12) were holding her grandmother, Christine Sharp (46), and two others after a body was found in south London. The girl was said to have gone missing after leaving the house to visit a nearby shopping center on August 3. Stuart Hazell (37), the grandmother's boyfriend, was charged with murder.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)(AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 11, The International Boxing Association (AIBA) said it has begun legal action after the BBC repeated the previous evening that boxing medals could be bought at London 2012. The BBC had repeated an allegation first made in a Newsnight documentary last September that around $10m had been paid from Azerbaijan to boxing authorities in return for two golds.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, Egypt's official news agency said Qatar has granted Egypt a $2 billion loan to help the country's flagging economy.
    (AP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, Gabon's main opposition leader Andre Mba Obame arrived in Libreville after 14 months in France, saying the International Criminal Court would look into a 2009 "massacre" at Port-Gentil.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, In northern India at least 52 people were killed and 45 injured when a heavily overloaded bus plunged into a gorge near Chamba town in Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, In northwest Iran hundreds of villages were flattened by twin earthquakes (magnitude 6.4 and 6.3), leaving 306 dead and 3,037 injured. Around half the 600 villages located in the zone were damaged or destroyed.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)(AFP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 11, Italian police raided an underground passageway in Rome, built during the era of Benito Mussolini, and seized a sprawling marijuana farm with a crop valued at an estimated $3.7 million.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 11, Jubilant Mexicans celebrated their 2-1 Olympic gold medal soccer win over powerhouse Brazil, marking Mexico's first ever Olympic soccer gold medal.
    (AP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, In Morocco hundreds of activists took to the streets of the main cities to protest against corruption, the high cost of living and other causes of discontent.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)
2012        Aug 11, Syrian forces pounded a suburb of the capital Damascus with mortars and artillery shells, a day after rebels operating in the town abducted a pro-government TV crew. Two Syrian journalists were killed in Damascus. A bus was attacked in a Damascus suburb, killing six passengers traveling from the central province of Hama. 15 civilians were killed in shelling and clashes in the town of Al-Tal. , the Observatory said they were among 148 people killed across Syria -- 85 civilians, 20 rebels and 43 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/12/12)(AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 11, Two women tied the knot in Taiwan's first same-sex Buddhist wedding, a move rights groups hope will help make the island become the first place in Asia to legalize gay marriage.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)

2013        Aug 11, A San Francisco Superior Court judge, at the request of Gov. Jerry Brown, ordered a 60-day cooling-off period to avert a BART strike.
    (SFC, 8/12/13, p.A1)
2013        Aug 11, In New Hampshire software engineer Muni Savyon (54) shot and killed his son Joshua (9) and then killed himself with a handgun during a supervised visitation at a YWCA office in Manchester.
    (SFC, 8/12/13, p.A4)
2013        Aug 11, In Afghanistan a father and two of his children were killed when the motorcycle they were on hit a roadside bomb in Uruzgan province. 3 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan. Heavy rains and overnight hailstorms killed at least 22 people near Kabul.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, In Argentina a possible re-election bid by President Cristina Fernandez seemed less likely after Buenos Aires province rejected her candidate in the midterm congressional primary, nominating instead a pro-business, small-town mayor.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, Guinea-Bissau made its first extradition of a suspected drug trafficker, part of an effort to shake off its international reputation as a 'narco-state'. The West African country handed over Telmo Perez Fernandes (48) to Spanish authorities. The Spanish citizen was arrested on June 5 at the request of the Spanish police.
    (Reuters, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, India and Pakistan exchanged more gunfire across the disputed border in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit a military convoy south of Baghdad killing 3 soldiers. 2 more soldiers were killed and nine wounded when a suicide bomber drove his explosive-laden car into an army checkpoint in Baghdad's western suburbs of Abu Ghraib.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, Israel's housing minister gave final approval for building nearly 1,200 new settlement apartments on lands the Palestinians want for their state.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, In Kenya a white rhino was found shot and killed by poachers who cut off its horn in Nairobi National Park, the first poaching death of a rhino in the urban park in six years. The killing brings to 35 the number of rhinos killed in Kenya so far this year, a sharp rise from the 29 killed in total in 2012.
    (AP, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, Lebanese security forces said gunmen have shot the Sunni mayor of Arsal town and killed two of his companions just hours after he oversaw a hostage swap with a rival clan in an area increasingly riven by sectarian divisions.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, Malians voted in a presidential runoff. Former PM Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (68) won the election. Abdoulaye Ag Mohamed Ali, a Tuareg man, was killed in the northern town of Lere where he had gone to vote.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)(AP, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, Mozambican government forces over the weekend attacked a guerrilla camp of the Renamo opposition group in a flareup of violence ahead of local and presidential elections between former foes from the country's devastating 17-year civil war.
    (Reuters, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, In northeastern Nigeria an attack on a mosque by suspected Islamic extremists killed 47 worshippers at Konduga town. Another 12 civilians died in a simultaneous attack outside Maiduguri.
    (AP, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, Pakistani police said that 14 people from Christian-dominated slums in Karachi were hospitalized after drinking toxic liquor last night. 8 died and six others were being treated.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, In Peru security forces killed 3 rebels in combat in the Apurimac and Ene river valley region, a coca-growing area in the country's southeast. "Comrade Alipio" and "Comrade Gabriel" were said to be two of four leaders of what remains of the Shining Path rebel group.
    (AP, 8/12/13)(AP, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, Jeon Wook-Pyo (68), a South Korean man, escaped North Korea four decades after he was kidnapped by North Korea while fishing near the disputed Yellow Sea border. Jeon was among 25 fishermen aboard two boats that were seized by a North Korean navy ship on December 28, 1972.
    (AFP, 9/13/13)
2013        Aug 11, Syrian rebels launched an offensive in Deir el-Zour, an eastern city near the border with Iraq, in an attempt to extend their advances in the north and west of the country. Rebels reportedly killed 7 soldiers and captured several others. Regime army warplanes also conducted several air raids against rebel positions in Deir el-Zour.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 11, In Yemen suspected al-Qaida gunmen killed 4 soldiers in an attack on forces guarding the country's only liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in  the Radhum area of Shabwa province.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)

2014        Aug 11, The United States said it has begun urgently shipping weapons to the Iraqi Kurdish forces battling an advance by extremist Islamic State militants.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, In southern California Ezell Ford (25) was killed by police officers Sharlton Wampler and Antonio Villegas. Ford's family said he was cooperating with officers and lying on the ground when shot. The LAPD said Ford had struggled with officers and was trying to grab one of their guns when he was shot. On June 10, 2015, the Los Angeles Police Commission determined that Wampler was unjustified in shooting Ford.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)(SFC, 8/29/14, p.A12)(SFC, 6/11/15, p.A7)
2014        Aug 11, American actor and comedian Robin Williams (d.1951) was found dead of apparent suicide at his home in Tiburon, Ca. Days later it was reported that he was suffering from the early stages of Parkinson’s disease. His films included “Good Morning Vietnam" (1987), “The Dead Poets Society" (1989), “The Fisher King" (1991) and “Good Will Hunting" (1997), as well as the TV series “Mork and Mindy" (1978-1982).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_Williams_filmography)(SFC, 8/12/14, p.A1)(SFC, 8/15/14, p.D1)
2014        Aug 11, Heavy rain in Michigan’s Detroit area dumped 5.2 inches in Warren and left two people dead.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A10)(AP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 11, The US Federal Aviation Authority began imposing flight restrictions on more than 37 square miles of airspace surrounding Ferguson, Mo. The restrictions were lifted after 12 days and it was later reported that they had been imposed to keep away news helicopters during Ferguson’s violent street protests over the death of Michael Brown (18).
    (SFC, 11/3/14, p.A7)
2014        Aug 11, Pierre Ryckmans (78), Belgium-born author and Sinologist, died in Australia. His books included “The Chairman’s New Clothes" (1971) and “Chinese Shadows" (1974).
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.86)
2014        Aug 11, China accused the US of deliberately stoking tensions in the South China Sea as it rejected Washington's proposal for a freeze on provocative actions in the region.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, Egyptian authorities stopped the executive director of Human Rights Watch and another US staffer from entering the country ahead of the release of a critical report by the group on mass killings by security forces last summer.
    (AP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, Indian police accused Pakistan of injuring four people during overnight firing along their border in Kashmir, on the eve of PM Narendra Modi's visit to the disputed region.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, Iraqi police said Islami State fighters have seized the town of Jalawla, 115 km (70 miles) northeast of Baghdad, after driving out the forces of the autonomous Kurdish regional government. PM Nuri al-Maliki battled to keep his job, deploying forces across Baghdad as Iraq's president asked Haider al-Abadi, the Shi'ite coalition's nominee for prime minister, to form a government.
    (Reuters, 8/11/14)   
2014        Aug 11, The Ivory Coast announced that it has banned all flights from countries hit by Ebola as part of steps to prevent the deadly virus from reaching the west African nation.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, Kosovo police arrested at least 40 people in a major operation targeting Islamic radicals suspected of fighting alongside extremists in Iraq and Syria. Police in Kosovo say at least 16 Kosovars who joined the militant group as volunteers have been killed in battles with Syrian and Iraqi authorities.
    (AP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto signed into law landmark energy reforms.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.60)
2014        Aug 11, Nigeria confirmed a new case of Ebola in Lagos, bringing the total number of people in the country with the virus to 10.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, In Nigeria about 300 women and 500 children gathered at the gates of a military base in the Borno state capital, claiming that their spouses were ill-equipped to take on the Islamist militants. The military wives had staged a similar protest in Maiduguri on Aug 9.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 11, Palestinian militant Zacharia Akra (24) was shot dead early today in an exchange of fire with Israeli troops in the northern West Bank.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, South Korea said it would provide $13.3 million in funding for UN humanitarian projects in North Korea -- its second indirect aid package for the North in a month.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, Venezuela began nightly closures of its border with Colombia in an effort to plug smuggling, estimated to cost the government several billions a year. Some 17,000 troops were deployed to enforce the blockade.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.28)

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