Today in History - August 12

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3CE        Aug 12, Venus-Jupiter were in conjunction: alleged "Star of Bethlehem." [see Feb 17, May 8, Jun 17, 2CE]
    (MC, 8/12/02)

875        Aug 12, Louis II (~50), king of Italy, emperor of France, died.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1093        Aug 12, In England the foundation stone for Durham Cathedral was laid down. The main chapel was completed in 1175. It served as the seat of the Bishop and the church of the Benedictine monastery of Durham.
    (SSFC, 12/14/08, p.E4)(www.sacred-destinations.com/england/durham-cathedral.htm)

1099        Aug 12, At the Battle of Ascalon 1,000 Crusaders, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, routed an Egyptian relief column heading for Jerusalem. The Norman Godfrey, elected King of Jerusalem, had assumed the title Defender of the Holy Sepulcher. Disease starvation by this time reduced the Crusaders to 60,000, down from an ititial 300,000, and most of the survivors left for home.
    (HN, 8/12/99)(PC, 1992, p.88)

1332        Aug 12, Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1484        Aug 12, Pope Sixtus IV died. His rule was marked by nepotism and he was involved in a conspiracy to overthrow the Medici in Florence.
    (PTA, 1980, p.420)

1508        Aug 12, Ponce de Leon arrived and conquered the island of Boriquen (Puerto Rico). Spain had appointed him to colonize Puerto Rico. He explored Puerto Rico and Spanish ships under his command began to capture Bahamanian Tainos to work as slaves on Hispaniola. His settlement at Caparra, 2 miles south of San Juan Bay, was plagued by Taino Indians and cannibalistic Carib Indians.
    (NH, 10/96, p.23)(SC, 8/12/02)(http://welcome.topuertorico.org/glossary/index.shtml#936)

1553        Aug 12, Pope Julius III ordered the confiscation and burning of the Talmud.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1612        Aug 12, Giovanni Gabrieli (60), Italian composer (Madrigals), died.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1644        Aug 12, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/12/02)
1644        Aug 12, Georg Christoph Leuttner, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1658        Aug 12, The 1st US police corps formed in New Amsterdam.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1676        Aug 12, Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, was killed by a Pocasset Indian named Alderman in the swamps of Rhode Island. This ended the King Philip’s War. Benjamin Church, a Plymouth volunteer, ordered that Philip be beheaded and quartered. [see Aug 28]
    (AH, 6/02, p.50)

1687        Aug 12, At the Battle of Mohacs, Hungary, Charles of Lorraine defeated the Turks.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1753        Aug 12, Thomas Bewick (d.1828), artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables) was born in England.
    (http://www.nndb.com/people/067/000094782/)

1762        Aug 12, George IV, King of England (1820-1830), was born. He was named Prince Regent in 1810 when his father was declared insane.
    (HN, 8/12/98)(WSJ, 4/5/02, p.W12)
1762        Aug 12, The British captured Cuba from Spain after a two month siege.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1774        Aug 12, Robert Southey, English poet laureate (1813-1843) and biographer of Nelson, was born.
    (HN, 8/12/98)(SC, 8/12/02)

1781        Aug 12, Robert Mills, architect and engineer, was born. His designs include the Washington Monument, the National Portrait Gallery and the U.S. Treasury Building.
    (HN, 8/12/00)

1811        Aug 12, John FE Acton (77), cruel premier of Naples, died.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1812        Aug 12, British commander the Duke of Wellington occupied Madrid, Spain, forcing out Joseph Bonaparte.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1820        Aug 12, Oliver Mowat, a founder of the Canadian Confederation, was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1827        Aug 12, William Blake (b.1757), English visionary engraver and poet, died. “He who kisses the joy as it flies / Lives in eternity’s sunrise." In 2001 G.E. Bentley Jr. authored "The Stranger From Paradise: A Biography of William Blake."
    (SSFC, 5/27/01, DB p.73)(http://tinyurl.com/nd7vhfv)

1833        Aug 12, Chicago incorporated as a village of about 350.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago)

1848        Aug 12, George Stephenson, locomotive engineer, died.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1851        Aug 12, Isaac Merritt Singer was granted a patent on his lockstitch sewing machine. He formed I.M. Singer & Co. in New York City and soon began selling machines for $100 each. In 4 years he expanded to Scotland becoming the first American int’l. company.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(SSFC, 11/7/10, p.N1)

1856        Aug 12, Anthony Fass patented an accordion.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1859        Aug 12, Katherine Lee Bates (d.1929), educator, author and composer of "America the Beautiful," was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.126)(HN, 8/12/01)

1861        Aug 12, Texas rebels were attacked by Apaches.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1862        Aug 12, Gen John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, TX.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1863        Aug 12, 1st cargo of lumber left Burrard Inlet in the Vancouver, BC area.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1864        Aug 12, After a week of heavy raiding, the Confederate cruiser Tallahassee claimed six Union ships captured.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1866        Aug 12, Jacinto Benavente y Martinez, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1922), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1867        Aug 12, Edith Hamilton, US writer (Mythology), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1867        Aug 12, US House member Thaddeus Stevens (1792-1868) led the Radical Republicans in a move to impeach President Andrew Johnson. The move was sparked when Johnson defied Congress by suspending Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(AH, 2/06, p.12)

1869        Aug 12,  In Piribebuy, Paraguay, 1,600 poorly armed men, many of them mere children, spent 5 hours resisting the assault of 20,000 allied Brazilian, Argentine and Uruguayan forces intent on conquest, before finally being overwhelmed. At the end of the battle, in which the Hospital de Sangre was burnt down, along with all the wounded inside, many prisoners were decapitated.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piribebuy)

1875        Aug 12, Ettore Panizza, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1876        Aug 12, Mary Roberts Rinehart, mystery writer (Miss Pinkerton), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1879        Aug 12, The 1st National Archery Association tournament was held in Chicago.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1881        Aug 12, Cecil B. DeMille (d.1959), pioneering motion picture director, was born in Mass. Before becoming a household name in the early days of movie-making, he attended the New York Academy of Dramatic Arts and in 1900 began working on plays with his older brother William. The director, producer and screenwriter was most famous for his movie "The Ten Commandments."
    (HNPD, 8/12/98)(HN, 8/12/98)(SC, 8/12/02)

1884        Aug 12, Frank Swinnerton, novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary), was born in England.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1887        Aug 12, Erwin Schrodinger, physicist, was born in Austria.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1888        Aug 12, Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, made the 1st motor tour.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1889        Aug 12, Zerna Sharp, creator of the "Dick and Jane" reading books, was born.
    (HN, 8/12/00)

1890        Aug 12, Al Goodman Nikopol, orchestra leader (NBC Comedy Hour), was born in Russia.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1893        Aug 12, Howard Smith, actor (Harvey Griffin-Hazel), was born in Attleboro, Mass.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1898        Aug 12, Hawaii was formally annexed to the United States.
    (AP, 8/12/97)
1898        Aug 12, The peace protocol ending the Spanish-American War was signed after three months and 22 days of hostilities. 460 US soldiers died in battle. The US paid Spain $20 million to vacate Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Over the next 3 years US casualties in the Philippines war totaled over 4,000. [see Dec 10]
    (AP, 8/12/97)(WSJ, 2/23/98, p.A20)(HN, 8/12/00)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.D1)(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.B1)

1900        Aug 12, Wilhelm Steinitz, Chess champion (1866-1894), died in Prague.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1904        Aug 12, Aleksei N. Romanov, son of tsar Nicolas II, was born.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1908        Aug 12, Henry Ford's first Model T rolled off the assembly line.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1911        Aug 12, Cantinflas (d.1993), comedian and film star, was born in Mexico City as Mario Moreno.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(HN, 8/12/98)(MC, 8/12/02)

1912        Aug 12, Jane Wyatt, actress (Father Knows Best, Star Trek), was born in Campgaw, NJ.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1913        Aug 12, Kurt Kaszner, actor (Cmdr Fitzhugh-Land of the Giants), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1914        Aug 12, Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1915        Aug 12, The autobiographical novel "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, was first published.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(SSFC, 1/4/04, p.M2)

1919        Aug 12, Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright, was born.
    (MC, 8/12/02)
1919        Aug 12, Michael Kidd [Milton Greenwald], choreographer (7 Brides for 7 Bros), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1921        Aug 12, Marjorie Reynolds, actress (Peggy-Life of Riley), was born in Buhl, Idaho.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1922        Aug 12, The home of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C. was dedicated as a memorial.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1923        Aug 12, Enrico Tiraboschi became the 1st to swim English Channel westward.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1925        Aug 12, Norris McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1925        Aug 12, Ross McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1925        Aug 12, KMA-AM in Shenandoah, IA, began radio transmissions.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1926        Aug 12, John Derek, actor, director (10, Annapolis Story), was born in LA, Calif.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1927        Aug 12, Ralph Waite, actor (John-Waltons, Roots), was born in White Plains, NY.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1928        Aug 12, The 9th Olympic Games closed in Amsterdam. During the games several women collapsed at the end of the 800-meter run. This led to a 32-year ban on women running in Olympic races over 200 meters.
    (SC, 8/12/02)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.F1)
1928        Aug 12, Leos Janacek (b.1854), Czech composer, conductor (Sly Little Fox), died. His work included "The Diary of One Who Vanished" based on 22 poems by Josef Kalda of a young farm boy seduced by a Gypsy girl.
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-7)(WSJ, 6/12/01, p.A20)(MC, 8/12/02)

1929        Aug 12, Buck Owens, country singer (Hee Haw), was born in Sherman, Texas.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1932        Aug 12, Porter Wagoner, country singer, discovered Dolly Parton (Y'All Come), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1932        Aug 12, The DJIA dropped 8.4%
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)

1934        Aug 12, Augustus E. Thomas (b.1857), American Playwright, died. He is often called the first playwright to deal in thoroughly American themes.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0858501/)
1934        Aug 12, Hendrik Petrus Berlage (b.1856), the father of  modern Dutch architecture, died at The Hague.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hendrik_Petrus_Berlage)(Econ, 9/27/14, IL p.11)

1936        Aug 12, Hans Haacke, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), was born in Cologne, Germany.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1936        Aug 12, John Poindexter, US Chief of Staff, was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1936        Aug 12, 120° F (49° C), Seymour, Texas (state record).
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1936        Aug 12, Diver Marjorie Gestring became the youngest Olympic gold medalist (13y 268d).
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1937        Aug 12, Kenichie Horie (23), a Japanese auto parts salesman, sailed into the San Francisco Bay aboard a 19-foot sloop, “The Mermaid," after a 90 voyage from Japan. He hailed a Coast Guard patrol boat and was towed to the St. Francis Yacht Harbor.
    (SSFC, 8/12/12, DB p.42)

1939        Aug 12, George Hamilton, actor (Love at 1st Bite, Where the Boys Are), was born in Memphis, Ten.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1940        Aug 12, Luftwaffe bombed British radar stations and lost 31 aircraft.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1941        Aug 12, Deborah Walley, actress (Mothers-in-Law), was born in Bridgeport, Ct.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1941        Aug 12, Jennifer Warren, actress (Slap Shot, Fatal Beauty, Mutant), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1941        Aug 12, French Marshal Henri Philippe Petain announced full French collaboration with Nazi Germany.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1942        Aug 12, British premier Churchill arrived in Moscow to meet Stalin.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1944        Aug 12, Churchill and Tito met in Naples.
    (MC, 8/12/02)
1944        Aug 12, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blew up over England during World War II.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1949        Aug 12, Mark Knopfler, guitar, vocals (Dire Straits-Sultans of Swing), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1949        Aug 12, Four Geneva Conventions were signed on this date. Signatories agreed that occupiers would not settle occupied territory with their own people. Protection of civilian life and property was added to the 4th Geneva Conventions. The Convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War began on April 21. Two additional protocols were signed in 1977.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)(Econ, 8/27/05, p.39)(www.spj.org/gc-texts.asp)

1951        Aug 12, Charles E. Brady Jr., USN Commander, astronaut, was born in, Pinehurst, NC.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1952        Aug 12, In the USSR 13 former members of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAC) were executed following mock trials.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_Anti-Fascist_Committee)

1953        Aug 12, Ann Davidson, the 1st woman to sail solo across Atlantic, arrived Miami.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1953        Aug 12, The Soviet Union conducted a secret test of its first hydrogen bomb.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1954        Aug 12, Sam J. Jones, actor (Chris-Code Red, The Highway Man), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1954        Aug 12, Pat Metheny, jazz guitarist (As Wichita Falls), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1955        Aug 12, Pres Eisenhower raised the minimum wage from $0.75 to $1 an hour.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1955        Aug 12, Thomas Mann (80), German writer (Dr. Faustus, Nobel 1929), died. Two biographies of Mann were published in 1995: Thomas Mann: A Biography by Ronald Hayman and Thomas Mann: A Life by Donald Prater.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.367-368)(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-5)(MC, 8/12/02)

1959        Aug 12, The 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile was from Observation Island.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1960        Aug 12, Morty Black, heavy metal rocker (TNT-7 Seas), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1960        Aug 12, USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 41,600 m.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1960        Aug 12, The first balloon satellite, the Echo 1, was launched by the US from Cape Canaveral, Fla. It bounced phone calls from JPL in California to the Bell Labs in New Jersey.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A18)

1961        Aug 12, Pete De Freitas, rocker (Echo and the Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1961        Aug 12, Roy Hay, guitarist (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1961        Aug 12, East German troops began stringing barbed wire around East Berlin. In 2004 William F. Buckley authored "The Fall of the Berlin Wall." [see Aug 15]
    (WSJ, 3/18/04, p.D10)

1962        Aug 12, A day after launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union launched Vostok 4 with cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men landed safely on Aug 15.
    (AP, 8/12/02)

1964        Aug 12, Charles Ogle, land investor, vanished after flying out of Oakland, Ca., en route to Reno, Nevada.
    (SFC, 9/10/07, p.A1)
1964        Aug 12, There was a race riot in Elizabeth, NJ.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1964        Aug 12, Ian L. Fleming (56), British spy, journalist, writer (James Bond), died. He had recently sold a 51% share of the copyright of his books to Sir Jock Campbell, who chaired the Booker Brothers. In 2000 Fleming’s heirs bought back the copyright to the books.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Fleming)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.90)

1965        Aug 12, There was a race riot in West Side of Chicago.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1966        Aug 12, Harry Roberts (v.1936) and two accomplices were sitting in a van in west London preparing for an armed robbery when they were approached by three unarmed policemen, who they shot dead. In 2014 Roberts (78) was released from prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherd%27s_Bush_murders)(AP, 10/23/14)

1969        Aug 12, American installations at Quan-Loi, Vietnam, came under Viet Cong attack.
    (HN, 8/12/98)
1969        Aug 12, In Northern Ireland the Apprentice Boys, a Protestant fraternal group, led a parade that ignited rioting in the Bogside section of Londonderry, that led to the bloody period known as The Troubles. Loyalist attacks on Catholic areas set off rioting in Belfast. Eight people died and British troops were sent in. The Provisional Irish Republican Army began a 25-year sniping and bombing campaign.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/ddovv8)

1970        Aug 12, Curt Flood lost his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball. On June 18, 1972, the US Supreme Court upheld the lower court's rulings on Flood's case. Baseball continued to be exempt from antitrust laws and its reserve clause was upheld.
    (www.scripophily.net/cuflasmi19.html)

1971        Aug 12, Syrian Pres Assad dropped diplomatic relations with Jordan.
    (www.answers.com/topic/1971)

1972        Aug 12, "Oh! Calcutta!" closed at Belasco Theater in NYC.
    (http://www.blogwaybaby.com/2005/01/bring-back-oh-calcutta.html)
1972        Aug 12, As the last U.S. ground troops left Vietnam, B-52's made their largest strike of the war. [see Aug 11]
    (HN, 8/12/98)(AP, 8/12/01)

1976        Aug 12, Syrian backed Christian militias completed their siege of the Tell al-Za'tar Palestinian camp in Lebanon leaving some 2000 people killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_al-Zaatar_massacre)

1977        Aug 12, NASA launched the High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 into Earth orbit. It continued operating until January 9, 1979.
    (http://heasarc.nasa.gov/docs/heao1/heao1.html)
1977        Aug 12, The space shuttle Enterprise passed its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating and then touching down in California's Mojave Desert.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1978        Aug 12, China’s Deng Xiaoping and Japan normalized relations. Japan signed a Peace and Friendship Treaty with China in Beijing.
    (www.taiwandocuments.org/beijing.htm)(Econ, 8/23/03, p.34)(Econ, 8/25/12, p.11)
1978        Aug 12, Pope Paul VI, who had died six days earlier at age 80, was buried in St. Peter's Basilica.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1981        Aug 12, President Reagan, citing alleged Libyan involvement in terrorism, ordered U.S. jets to attack targets in Libya.
    (AP, 12/19/03)
1981        Aug 12, IBM introduced the IBM 5150, better known as the PC, along with PC-DOS version 1.0. The beige box with 16 kilobytes of memory was priced at $1,565.
    (http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa033099.htm)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.57)

1982        Aug 12, The US stock market bottomed and rose 35% by the end of the year. Theorist Robert S. Prechter predicted that the market would take off from its 800 levels.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.B1)(www.wealtheffect.com/stocks/b8j.asp)
1982        Aug 12, Henry Fonda (77), film star (On Golden Pond), died from heart disease. Fonda was married 5 times and his wives included actress Margaret Sullavan (1931-1933), Frances Brokaw (1936-1950), Susan Blanchard (1950-1956), Afdera Franchetti (1957-1961) and Shirlee Adams (1965-1982).
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(SC, 8/12/02)(SSFC, 7/3/05, Par p.2)
1982        Aug 12, Israel staged heavy bombardment of Beirut. The UN Security council expressed its most serious concern about continued military activities in Lebanon, particularly in and around Beirut.
    (www.pierretristam.com/Bobst/Archives/CN072106.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/3ddtqm)

1983        Aug 12, General Manuel A. Noriega (b.1938) assumed command of Panama’s National Guard.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/countryrep/Panama89eng/intro.htm)

1984        Aug 12, In San Francisco a driver on an apparent suicide mission smashed head-on into a packed cable car climbing the Hyde Street hill. The driver, an Iranian alien, was killed and at least 23 people were injured.
    (SSFC, 8/2/09, DB p.42)

1985        Aug 12, The world's worst single-aircraft disaster occurred as a crippled Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashed into Mount Otsuka, 70 miles northwest of Tokyo, killing 520 of 524 people onboard. A flawed splice made by Boeing 7 years earlier was the probable cause. In 2006 Japan opened a museum to remember the crash. Boeing and JAL paid undisclosed settlements to each victim’s family. Singer Kyu Sakamoto, whose song "Sukiyaki" topped US hit charts in 1963, was among the dead.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(WSJ, 7/27/06, p.A1)(AFP, 8/12/10)

1987        Aug 12, President Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair, saying his former national security adviser, John Poindexter, was wrong not to have told him about the diversion of Iran arms-sale money.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1988        Aug 12, The controversial movie "The Last Temptation of Christ," directed by Martin Scorsese, opened in nine cities despite objections by some Christians who felt the film was sacrilegious.
    (AP, 8/12/98)
1988        Aug 12, Richard Thornburgh became US Attorney General.
    (www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1988/88aug.htm)
1988        Aug 12, Sein Lwin resigned from the presidency of Burma. He was succeeded by a civilian, Maung Maung, who in turn was ousted by the military after just a month in office.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
1988        Aug 12, Michel Basquiat (b.1960), NY artist of Haitian descent, died of a drug overdose at age 27. His work included "Academic Study of Male Figure" (1983) and "Boy and Dog in a Johhnypump." In 1996 Julian Schnabel made a film documentary titled "Basquiat." In 1998 Phoebe Hoban published "Basquiat: A Quick Killing in Art."
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.E1)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D3)(SFEC, 7/26/98, BR p.4)

1989        Aug 12, The Pentagon said it was stepping up efforts to find missing Texas Rep. Mickey Leland and 15 companions in Ethiopia. The wreckage of the group's airplane, with no survivors, was found the next day.
    (AP, 8/12/99)

1990        Aug 12, Air Force Staff Sergeant John Campisi of West Covina, California, died after being hit by a military truck in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first US casualty of the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/12/00)
1990        Aug 12, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein sought to tie any withdrawal of his troops from Kuwait to an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/12/00)

1991        Aug 12, The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, began hosting a two-day reunion of former Negro League players.
    (AP, 8/12/01)
1991        Aug 12, A letter from Lebanese kidnappers was made public; it offered to trade the release of Western hostages for the freedom of "all detainees" worldwide.
    (AP, 8/12/01)

1992        Aug 12, The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was announced in Washington, D.C. after 14 months of negotiations between the United States, Mexico and Canada. It created the world's wealthiest trading bloc. [see Jan 1, 1994]
    (AP, 8/12/97)(HN, 8/12/02)
1992        Aug 12, Avant-garde composer John Cage died in New York at age 79.
    (WSJ, 5/8/96, p.A-12)(AP, 8/12/97)

1993        Aug 12, President Clinton signed a relief package for the flooded Midwest. Clinton also lifted a ban on rehiring air traffic controllers fired for going on strike in 1981.
    (AP, 8/12/98)
1993        Aug 12, Pope John Paul II began his third U.S. visit in Denver.
    (AP, 8/12/98)
1993        Aug 12, The launch of space shuttle Discovery was scrubbed at the last second.
    (AP, 8/12/98)

1994        Aug 12, Woodstock '94 opened in Saugerties, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/12/97)
1994        Aug 12, In baseball's eighth work stoppage since 1972, players went on strike rather than allowing team owners to limit their salaries.
    (AP, 8/12/99)
1994        Aug 12, Supreme Court Justice Stephen G. Breyer, already sworn in during a private ceremony, took a public oath at the White House.
    (AP, 8/12/99)

1995        Aug 12, In a methodical, daylong procession, Republican presidential candidates courted Ross Perot’s followers at a United We Stand America conference in Dallas.
    (AP, 8/12/00)

1996        Aug 12, The Republican Party opened its 36th national convention in San Diego by celebrating Bob Dole as a tested, trustworthy leader who would lower taxes and bring compassionate conservatism to the White House.
    (AP, 8/12/97)
1996        Aug 12, "Inequality by Design," due out in one month, was reviewed. It was produced as a counter to the arguments of "The Bell Curve" and holds that social policies, not IQ, are the main reasons for inequality.
    (SFC, 8/12/96, p.A2)
1996        Aug 12, Stephen Kuttner (1907-1996), Prof. of medieval church law, died. His life study involved tracing the evolution of law from Roman to modern times.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)
1996        Aug 12, In Argentina economy minister Roque Fernandez announced a new round of austerity measures that included higher fuel prices and tax boosts on everything. Cash will be raised by selling commercial airports, military installations, nuclear power plants and cracking down on tax-evasion.
    (WSJ, 8/13/96, p.A7)
1996        Aug 12, On the shores of Australia’s Cocos and North Keeling Islands thousands of thongs (flip-flops) have been washing up on the shore as discards from Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.B1)
1996        Aug 12, Iran and Turkey agreed to connect their power networks.
    (WSJ, 8/13/96, p.A7)
1996        Aug 12, In Somalia it was reported that 2 Ethiopian businessmen were killed in retaliation for an incursion by Ethiopia’s army.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 12, In Rwanda the Tutsi-led parliament passed a law allowing for trials of some 80,000 people on charges of genocide in the deaths of 500,000 people in 1994.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A1)

1997        Aug 12, Steel workers in West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania ended a 10-month strike at Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. with a new contract. It was the longest strike by a major steel company.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, p.A3)(AP, 8/12/98)
1997        Aug 12, Two New York City police officers were placed in desk jobs as authorities investigated the charges of Abner Louima, a Haitian immigrant who accused police of sodomizing him after his arrest in a nightclub fight. Louima's subsequent civil suit against the city resulted in a settlement of $8.75 million on July 30, 2001, the largest police brutality settlement in NYC history. After legal fees, Louima collected approximately $5.8 million.
    (AP, 8/12/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abner_Louima)
1997        Aug 12, A hamburger recall issued to cover some 1.2 million pounds. The Hudson Foods Inc., of Rogers, Ark., issued the recall due to E. coli poisonings in Colorado. [see 8/21]
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 12, In Arizona a flash flood from a storm 15 miles away killed ten hikers in the Lower Antelope Canyon near Lake Powell. The group leader of the Trek-America outfit, that catered mostly to Europeans, was the only survivor.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A3)(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A2)(AP, 8/12/98)
1997        Aug 12, It was reported that the World Bank joined the IMF in withholding credit from Kenya due to government corruption.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 12, It was reported that Laos was promoting the development of the $1.44 billion Nam Theun Two Dam. It would alter 2 major tributaries of the Mekong River and flood an area the size of Singapore. The World Bank contributed $130 million to the project, which was expected to begin generating power in 2009. Environmentalists feared severe impact to the Nakai Plateau and some 120,000 people downstream as one river dries up and another swells.
    (WSJ, 8/12/97, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/07, p.A15)
1997        Aug 12, From Lithuania it was reported that the country has become a favorite transit point for smugglers. Cigarettes, alcohol, home appliances, oil, amber, gas, cars and illegal narcotics were crossing the borders.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A10)

1998        Aug 12, A Lockheed Martin Titan 4A rocket exploded after takeoff at Cape Canaveral. The $300 million rocket carried a spy satellite for the Air Force valued at $800 to $1 billion. The explosion was blamed on a momentary loss of power.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.A2)(SFC, 9/3/98, p.A3)
1998        Aug 12, In Bangladesh over 100 fisherman in trawlers and boats capsized in the Bay of Bengal during a storm and were feared dead.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 12, The flooding in China, the worst in 4 decades, was estimated to surpass $24 billion in costs.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.C5)
1998        Aug 12, Vincente Fox, governor of Guanajuato, Mexico, announced plans, during a speech in Oakland, to run for president in the year 2000 and to have every one of his state’s 4,500 communities provided with potable water, sewers, electricity, telephones and health services within a half hour for everyone.
    (SFC, 8/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 12, In Pakistan Benazir Bhutto was indicted on charges of illegally awarding a contract to a Dubai-based company for the import of gold and silver during her rule.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.C5)
1998        Aug 12, Rwanda protested a Congo crackdown on ethnic Tutsis and charged that Kabila was arming Rwandan Hutus to put down a Tutsi-led revolt along the border. The revolt in Congo was believed to be masterminded by Rwandan Major Gen’l. Paul Kagame.
    (WSJ, 8/13/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/17/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 12, Representatives of Swiss banks and holocaust survivors agreed to a settlement of $1.25 billion in reparations for victims of the Nazi regime.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/12/99)
1998        Aug 12, In the Ukraine Prime Minister Valery Pustovitenko called 1,500 executives to a civil defense base to solve the question of their debts. A previous summons had net 70 million, but was not sufficient to cover the $3.5 billion budget deficit.
    (SFC, 8/14/98, p.A10)

1999        Aug 12, Los Angeles County prosecutors charged white supremacist Buford O. Furrow (b.1961) with murder and five counts of attempted murder, all filed as hate crimes, in the August 10 wounding of five people at a Jewish community center and the shooting death of a Filipino-American mail carrier. Federal prosecutors already had charged Furrow in the postman’s slaying. In 2001 Furrow pleaded guilty to all of the counts against him. In exchange for pleading guilty, Furrow avoided a possible death sentence, but was instead sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Furrow expressed no regrets for any of his crimes.
    (AP, 8/12/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buford_O._Furrow,_Jr.)
1999        Aug 12, In Porterville, Ca., a man shot and killed his wife and 3 daughters (2,7,11). An explosion resulted after the shooting when fire spread and ignited flammable liquid.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.C14)
1999        Aug 12, The invention of a new rechargeable battery with a 50% longer life span was announced by researchers in Israel.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 12, In Belgium a McDonald's Restaurant was destroyed by fire. The Animal Liberation Front was suspected.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.B8)
1999        Aug 12, Ethiopia claimed to have almost eliminated 3 rebel groups based in Somalia which it said were supported by Eritrea. Most of the 1,103 killed or captured rebels were of the Oromo Liberation Front.
    (SFC, 8/13/99, p.D2)
1999        Aug 12, In Indonesia violence in Maluku province left 14 people dead and raised the death toll since Aug 8 to 53.
    (SFC, 8/13/99, p.D2)
1999        Aug 12, In Japan lawmakers gave police the power to use wiretaps against crime suspects.
    (SFC, 8/13/99, p.D3)
1999        Aug 12, In Kazakstan Pres. Nazarbayev ordered the investigation of MiG sales to North Korea. South Korea charged that 30 MiG-21 jets were sold this year.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 12, In the Philippines a big explosion killed at least 7 people in Manila and damaged the headquarters of the National Bureau of Investigation. Police later blamed the explosion on dynamite that had been seized as evidence.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/14/99, p.12)(WSJ, 8/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 12, Pres. Milosevic reshuffled his cabinet, sacked 7 ministers and named 12 new ones. His Socialist Party dominated the 27-member cabinet.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A9)
1999        Aug 12, In Venezuela the Constitutional Assembly assumed sweeping powers and declared a state of emergency for the courts.
    (SFC, 8/13/99, p.D3)

2000        Aug 12, Evander Holyfield won a 12-round unanimous decision over John Ruiz in Las Vegas for the vacant WBA heavyweight title.
    (AP, 8/12/01)
2000        Aug 12, Loretta Young, film actress, died at age 87. She made nearly 100 movies in over 70 years. She had a daughter, Judy Lewis, by Clark Gable in 1935. Her memoir "The Things I Had to Learn" was published in 1961. In 2000 Joan Wester Anderson authored "Forever Young."
    (SFEC, 8/13/00, p.B10)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.B7)
2000        Aug 12, British and US bombers struck southern Iraq for a 2nd day and Iraqi military reported 3 people injured.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 12, In Congo a Russian-made Antonov crashed on approach to Tshikapa and 27 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 8/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 12, A Russian nuclear submarine, the Kursk, became trapped on the floor of the Barents Sea during naval exercises. 118 sailors were trapped in the Oscar-II class submarine that was thought to have suffered a torpedo-room explosion. On August 21 Norwegian divers confirmed that all the sailors had died. The Kursk was raised in 2001.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)(SFC, 8/15/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/16/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/21/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 12, In Algeria assailants attacked a convoy of farmers and slashed the throats of 17 people in Oule-d-Bouaza.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 12, In Iran flash floods followed heavy rains and at least 181 people were killed. Kalaleh in Golestan province was the hardest hit.
    (SFC, 8/13/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 12, In Israel Palestinian suicide bomber Muhammad Nasser (28) blew himself up at the Wall Street Café in Kiryat Motzkin near Haifa. 21 other people were injured. In Hebron a Palestinian girl died in a clash with Israeli troops.
    (SFC, 8/13/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 8/12/02)
2001        Aug 12, Macedonia's interior minister Ljube Boskovski watched from a distance as police under his control rampaged through Ljuboten, killing seven ethnic Albanian men and torching and blowing up houses. In 2007 defendants Boskovski and a top police official faced a possible punishment of life imprisonment. The policemen who allegedly carried out the killings were not on trial.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2002        Aug 12, The INS reported that a child-smuggling ring, in operation since 1994, had been broken up. Children from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras were smuggled to the US to be united with parents residing illegally.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 12, US Catholic bishops and rabbis issued a statement that declared that the Biblical covenant between Jews and God is valid, and therefore Jews do not need to be saved through faith in Jesus.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 12 It was reported that a 2-mile thick cloud of pollution covered South Asia and that it was suspected for causing drought, flooding and the premature deaths of a half-million people in India each year.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 12, In Chile hundreds of thousands of Santiago residents had to walk to work as a strike took virtually all the buses off the streets in this capital city of 5.5 million people.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, In Colombia Pres. Alvaro Uribe, declared a limited state of emergency to fight what the government described as a "regime of terror" following an upsurge of violence that has left 100 people dead since he took office.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, In northeastern Iran torrential rains began and at least 35 people were drowned in flash floods that washed away roads and swamped farm land.
    (AP, 8/13/02)
2002        Aug 12, Iraq's information minister, Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf told the Arabic satellite television station Al-Jazeera that there was no need for U.N. weapons inspectors to return to Baghdad and branded as a "lie" allegations that Saddam Hussein still had weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2002        Aug 12, In Japan protesters ripped up and threw away documents printed with new ID numbers. A new database that stores personal data, names, addresses, dates of birth, gender and the new ID numbers, for each of Japan's 126 million citizens, was implemented days earlier.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, Palestinian factions met to create a "national unity leadership" to include all major groups, including militant ones such as Hamas. They endorsed a continuation of their uprising and rejected language to end attacks on civilians inside Israel.
    (AP, 8/12/02)
2002        Aug 12, In Peru Pres. Alejandro Toledo defended his wife, Eliane Karp, in a nationally televised address, trying to head off a political storm sparked by the revelation that Peru's first lady earns $10,000 a month as a banking consultant.
    (AP, 8/13/02)

2003        Aug 12, The FBI arrested Hemant Lakhani, an Indian-born British arms dealer, in a sting operation in New Jersey and foiled a contrived plot aimed at smuggling a shoulder-fired missile for some $80,000 to US-based terrorists. It involved cooperation between the intelligence services of the US and Russia.
    (AP, 8/13/03)(WSJ, 8/13/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 12, John Poindexter submitted a 5-page letter of resignation from his position as director of DARPA, the Pentagon's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
    (SFC, 8/13/03, p.A5)
2003        Aug 12, Some 8,000 US doctors called for a government-financed national health insurance as a single-payer system similar to an expanded version of Medicare.
    (SFC, 8/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 12, An Internet worm targeting Microsoft Corp Windows users was spreading rapidly around the world, triggering computer crashes and slowing Web connections. Dubbed Blaster but also known as LoveSan or MSBlaster, carried a message for the Microsoft chairman: "Billy Gates why do you make this possible? Stop making money and fix your software!!"
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 12, A balsa-mylar model airplane set a long distance flight record of 1,888.3 miles as it landed in Ireland from Newfoundland.
    (WSJ, 8/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 12, At least 20 combatants died in a gunbattle between suspected Taliban fighters and Afghan government soldiers.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2003        Aug 12, Legislators in Argentina's lower house voted to throw out amnesty laws that effectively ended trials over abuses during the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2003        Aug 12, El Salvador sent 360 peacekeepers to Iraq.
    (AP, 8/13/03)
2003        Aug 12,  Two teenage Palestinian suicide bombings less than an hour apart killed at least 2 Israelis at a shopping plaza in Israel and a bus stop in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/12/03)
2003        Aug 12, Liberia's leading rebel movement agreed to lift its siege of the capital and vital port within two days, allowing food to flow to hundreds of thousands of hungry people.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2003        Aug 12, The Serbian government said it wants to retake control of Kosovo but pledged to give it "substantial autonomy." Serbia claimed UN officials have failed to establish democracy there.
    (AP, 8/13/03)

2004        Aug 12, New Jersey Gov. James E. McGreevey, a one-time rising Democratic star and twice-married father, announced his resignation with the startling disclosure that he is gay and had an extramarital affair with a man who threatened to undermine his "ability to govern."
    (AP, 8/13/04)
2004        Aug 12, California’s Supreme Court struck down San Francisco’s attempt to legalize same-sex marriages, saying Mayor Newsome had illegally defied state law. 3955 marriages recorded between Feb 12 and Mar 11 were voided.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/15, p.A13)
2004        Aug 12, Terrance Kelly (18), a De La Salle High School football star, was shot and killed in Richmond, Ca., 2 days before flying to the Univ. of Oregon on a football scholarship. Police arrested Larry Pratcher (18) Aug 14 on suspicion of murder and searched for other suspects. Larry was released on Aug 18 after his younger brother turned himself in. On Aug 19 Darren Pratcher (15) was charged with murder. On Oct 11, 2006, Darren Pratcher was convicted of murder. In 2007 Pratcher was sentenced 50 years to life in prison.  
    (SFC, 8/14/04, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/04, p.B5)(SFC, 10/12/06, p.B1)(SFC, 1/20/07, p.B2)
2004        Aug 12, Dust storms on I-10 in Arizona caused vehicle pile-ups that left 4 dead.
    (WSJ, 8/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 12, It was reported that a huge ant colony measuring 100 kilometers (62 miles) across had been found under the southern Australian city of Melbourne. The ants were a mutant variety of Argentine ants.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, Laboratory monkeys that started out as careless procrastinators became super-efficient workers after injections into their brains that suppressed a gene linked to their ability to anticipate a reward.
    (LAT, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, Greece’s $930 million, 3km Rion-Antirion bridge across the western end of the Gulf of Corinth was set to open.
    (Econ, 7/31/04, p.55)
2004        Aug 12, In Najaf thousands of U.S. and Iraqi soldiers launched a major assault on militiamen loyal to a radical Shiite cleric al-Sadr. Fighting in Kut left 72 dead.
    (AP, 8/12/04)(WSJ, 8/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 12, The Iraqi soccer team defeated Portugal in a preliminary match outside Athens.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 12, The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a resolution extending the U.N. mission in Iraq for a year.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, Japan’s Mitsubishi Tokyo Financial Group (MTFG) announced that it had beaten the Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group for the acquisition of UFJ. [see Aug 30]
    (Econ, 8/14/04, p.66)
2004        Aug 12, A Nepali court sentenced notorious criminal Charles Sobhraj, also known as the "Serpent" and the "Bikini Killer", to life imprisonment in connection with the killing of an American backpacker in 1975.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, In northeastern Nigeria flash floods have submerged houses and farms, drowning at least 23 people as they slept and forcing more than 1,000 to flee their villages.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, Pakistan authorities said they had arrested five more suspected members of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network in the past 48 hours.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, In Peru a double-decker tourist bus missed a bridge and plunged into a dry riverbed along a highway, killing at least six people and injuring 37.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, Lee Hsien Loong, the son of Singapore's founding father (Lee Kuan Yew), took over as prime minister of the city-state. Lee Kuan Yew continued service as cabinet mentor.
    (AP, 7/17/04)(WSJ, 7/19/04, p.A1)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.39)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.42)
2004        Aug 12, South Korea’s central bank cut interest rates from 3.75% to 3.5%.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.60)

2005        Aug 12, The US Agriculture Dept. said it expected corn yields to be lower this year in 29 of 33 corn-producing states due to drought in the Midwest. This year’s drought was more localized and farmers in Iowa, Minnesota and Missouri had a good year.
    (SFC, 8/15/05, p.A2)
2005        Aug 12, Patrick Sheehan filed for divorce in Solano County, Ca., as his wife, Cindy Sheehan (48), entered her 2nd week camping outside Pres. Bush’s retreat in Crawford, Texas. Their son Casey (24) was killed in Iraq in 2004.
    (SFC, 8/16/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 12, It was reported that Dr. Jan T. Vilcek donated an estimated $125 million to the NYU School of Medicine through a percentage of future royalties from sales of Remicade, which treats symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease.
    (WSJ, 8/12/05, p.W1)
2005        Aug 12, Oil for September delivery closed at a record $66.86 per barrel.
    (SFC, 8/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 12, Residents of Wright, Wyoming, had just 5 minutes warning before a tornado tore into a mobile home park, killing two people and destroying dozens of homes.
    (AP, 8/13/05)
2005        Aug 12, An Atlas V rocket at Cape Canaveral, Fla., lifted the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter on a 72 million-mile mission to study Mars.
    (SFC, 8/13/05, p.A4)
2005        Aug 12, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban guerrillas ambushed a vehicle carrying police in southern Zabul province's Arghandab district, sparking a gunbattle that killed 3 militants.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, Police detained four men in connection with one of the world's biggest heists and recovered more than $2 million of the $70 million stolen from Brazil's Central Bank. The recovered cash was found hidden in 3 pickup trucks that were on a vehicle transporter truck located several hundred miles from the Central Bank vault in Fortaleza. In 2008 police arrested Jossivam Alves dos Santos, the suspected leader of the gang which carried out the heist. Less than $10 million of the money has been recovered.
    (AP, 8/13/05)(AP, 2/27/08)
2005        Aug 12, In Brazil Celio Marcelo da Silva (32), a prison escapee believed to have masterminded last year's abduction of the mother of a Brazilian soccer star, was arrested. In 2003 da Silva tunneled his way out of a Sao Paulo prison where he was serving a 38-year sentence for murder and robbery.
    (AP, 8/13/05)
2005        Aug 12, At least 70,000 travelers were left stranded as British Airways canceled all flights to and from Heathrow Airport after catering staff, baggage handlers and other ground crew walked off the job in wildcat strikes at the height of the summer tourism season.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, Liu Jinbao, a former president of state-owned Bank of China's Hong Kong branch fired in May, 2003, received a suspended death sentence for embezzlement in an apparent effort by Beijing to help restore faith in its scandal-plagued banks as they prepare to sell shares abroad. Mr. Liu was convicted of embezzling $1.8 million with others plus and additional amount for himself.
    (AP, 8/12/05)(WSJ, 8/15/05, p.A11)
2005        Aug 12, A small boat overloaded with 113 illegal immigrants capsized and sank in rough waters off Colombia's Pacific coast. An Ecuadoran fishing boat found 9 survivors 2 days later. In Nov. Ecuadoran police arrested a married couple for being part of a gang of 11 human traffickers who charged as much as $12,000 per person for passage to the US.
    (AP, 8/18/05)(AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Aug 12, Leaders of Georgia and Ukraine called for an alliance that would champion democracy in the former Soviet lands.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, A German court convicted Holger Pfahls, former deputy defense minister, of accepting illegal payments and evading taxes while serving in the government of former Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, Victims of India's 1984 anti-Sikh riots rejected apologies from Premier Manmohan Singh and vowed to intensify demands for the prosecution of politicians blamed for the massacre that claimed 4,000 lives.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, Suspected Islamic militants raided a remote mountain village in India's Jammu-Kashmir state and attacked 2 Hindu families as they dined together, killing 5 people.
    (AP, 8/13/05)
2005        Aug 12, In Iraq Sunni Arab leaders rejected calls for a Shiite federal region to be enshrined in the constitution.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, In Iraq a US soldier was found dead of a gunshot wound.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 12, Smoke from forest fires in Indonesia spread to more cities in Malaysia, as millions prayed in mosques and temples for rain to wash away the hazardous haze.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, Lebanon freed the radical Muslim cleric Omar Bakri, hours after Britain declared he would not be allowed to return to its shores.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, A Mexican judge issued an arrest warrant for Gen. Francisco Quiros, accused of ordering the disappearance of leftist folk singer Rosendo Radilla on Aug 25, 1974. Quiros was already in prison serving a drug sentence.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, New regulations in Tijuana, Mexico, called for the city to issue electronic cards to replace pink, pocket-size health history books given to Tijuana's 4,700 registered prostitutes. The new standards were modeled after those in the Mexican cities of Monterrey and Acapulco.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Aug 12, Peter Hommerson, a fugitive charged with killing a wealthy Illinois couple on Jan 23, 1996, was captured at a Mexican resort after tourists recognized him from a crime watch television program.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, The Nepali army said faulty Indian assault rifles were partly responsible for its heavy death toll in a gun battle with Maoist rebels as troops hunted for 75 soldiers still missing after the fighting.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, In Sri Lanka foreign minister Lakshman Kadirgamar (73), an ethnic Tamil, was shot in the head and heart after finishing a swim at his home. Tamil Tiger rebels denied involvement.
    (AP, 8/13/05)
2005        Aug 12, Suriname's Pres. Ronald Venetiaan (69) was inaugurated to a second term, calling for national unity following elections that weakened his government's hold on Parliament and swelled the ranks of a party led by a former dictator.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan pledged to give more rights to the Kurdish minority in a speech in Diyarbakir.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.40)(http://tinyurl.com/cmzxz)
2005        Aug 12, Venezuela’s Vice President Jose Vicente Rangel said American citizens could be denied visas to visit Venezuela in response to a US decision to revoke the visas of three Venezuelan military officers.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2006        Aug 12, Thousands of people gathered across from the White House, even though President Bush was out of town, to condemn US and Israeli policies in the Middle East. In SF thousands of protesters decried US Mideast policy and Israel’s military actions in Lebanon and Palestine. A smaller group demonstrated on behalf of Israel.
    (SSFC, 8/13/06, p.B1)(AP, 8/12/07)
2006        Aug 12, Afghanistan's Health Ministry said the worsening security situation contributed to a fourfold rise in polio cases this year, almost entirely in the insurgency-wracked south. A highway police commander was killed by a blast on his way to work in eastern Lagman province.
    (AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 12, Rashid Rauf and Tayib Rauf (22), brothers arrested in Pakistan and England, emerged as key figures in the suspected plot to destroy US-bound aircraft during flight. Prominent Muslims in Britain accused the government of encouraging extremism through its foreign policy. In 2007 a court in Rawalpindi ordered the release of Rashid Rauf, a British Muslim of Pakistani origin, after the prosecution withdrew the case against him.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(WSJ, 8/12/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Aug 12, President Joseph Kabila's share of the vote in Congo's historic elections rose above 50% as 1 million more votes were counted and certified.
    (AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, The government said PM Nouri al-Maliki had banned the Kurdistan Workers Party, a rebel group fighting for autonomy in southeastern Turkey, from operating in Baghdad. Two people were killed in the southern city of Basra when a bomb exploded at a shop selling CDs featuring sermons and interviews of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Police found a dozen bodies trapped in a grate in the Tigris River, and a roadside bomb killed two US soldiers on a foot patrol south of Baghdad as nearly 50 violent deaths were reported across Iraq.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, Oil smuggling in Iraq was said to be worth $4 billion a year.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.40)
2006        Aug 12, Israel staged wide-ranging airstrikes and sent commandos into the Hezbollah heartland as the UN raced to begin enforcing its new cease-fire blueprint and stop the heavy fighting still raging in southern Lebanon. Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah said the militant organization would abide by the UN cease-fire resolution but would keep fighting as long as Israeli troops remained in southern Lebanon. Israel lost 24 soldiers, including five on a helicopter shot out of the air by guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, In Indian Kashmir 7 people, including two civilians mistaken by the army for Islamic guerrillas, died as a strike paralyzed life in the region's main city.
    (AFP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 12, In northern Italy the stabbed body of Hina Saleem (21) was found in the garden of the family home at Sarezzo. She was killed by her father because she refused to conform to an Islamic lifestyle. News reports said the family had been insisting on an arranged marriage with a cousin in Pakistan. The father and three other men, including her uncle, were charged with premeditated murder and hiding the body.
    (AP, 9/7/06)(http://tinyurl.com/rfr4z)
2006        Aug 12, A passenger bus skidded off a highway in central Mexico and rolled down a 320-foot slope, killing 13 people and injuring a dozen others.
    (AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 12, Nigeria pulled thousands of troops out of the Bakassi peninsula ahead of an August 12 UN deadline for a complete withdrawal, but many residents said they would resist a handover to Cameroon.
    (AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, In Northern Ireland about 15,000 Protestants paraded through Londonderry, predominantly Roman Catholic city, following a night of Catholic rioting.
    (AP, 8/12/06)
2006        Aug 12, Hundreds of paratroopers joined the struggle to control scores of forest fires in northwestern Spain. A total of 24 people have been arrested since Aug. 1 on suspicion of deliberately starting many of the fires.
    (AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, Sri Lankan rebels attacked a key naval base as they mounted a fierce push to retake a northeastern peninsula considered the traditional home of the country's ethnic Tamils. Sri Lankan war planes bombed Tiger rebel positions as the fiercest fighting since a 2002 ceasefire left at least 127 people dead. A Sri Lanka government spokesman said the Tamil Tiger rebels offered to renew peace talks. Weeks of intense fighting brought Sri Lanka close to resuming its civil war. Ketheesh Loganathan, a Tamil senior peace official, was assassinated. He was deputy chief of the secretariat which coordinated the government's side of a Norway-brokered peace process.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(AFP, 8/12/06)(AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, The Ugandan army killed Raska Lukwiya, the third in command of the rebel Lord's Resistance Army and war crimes fugitive, which could affect the stalled south Sudan-mediated peace talks.
    (AFP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, The UN Security Council adopted a resolution seeking a "full cessation" of violence between Israel and Hezbollah, offering the region its best chance yet for peace after a month of fighting that has killed more than 800 people and inflamed Mideast tensions.
    (AP, 8/12/06)

2007        Aug 12, Tiger Woods captured the PGA Championship to win at least one major for the third straight season and run his career total to 13.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2007        Aug 12, Tommy Thompson, former governor of Wisconsin, said he was dropping out of the Republican presidential campaign following his 6th place finish in Iowa’s straw poll.
    (SFC, 8/13/07, p.A2)
2007        Aug 12, Ronald Bracewell (86), retired Stanford professor, died. He co-wrote the first text on radio astronomy and helped develop magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology. The Australian-born engineer also led the 1961 construction of the 32-dish radio telescope at Stanford and authored a book on 350 species of trees on the Stanford campus.
    (SFC, 8/16/07, p.B11)
2007        Aug 12, A Canadian woman (35) gave birth to rare identical quadruplets. Karen Jepp of Calgary, Alberta, delivered Autumn, Brooke, Calissa and Dahlia by Caesarian section at Benefis Healthcare in Great Falls, Montana.
    (AP, 8/16/07)
2007        Aug 12, In southwest Missouri a gunman opened fire at the First Congregational Church killing three people and wounded five. The local Micronesian congregation rented the church for its services and the gunman, also Micronesian, deliberately targeted elders of the congregation. Suspect Eiken Elam Saimon was charged with murder. On March 20, 2009, Saimon (54) pleaded guilty to 3 counts of murder.
    (AP, 8/13/07)(AP, 8/12/08)(SFC, 3/21/09, p.A4)
2007        Aug 12, Merv Griffin (82), television talk show host and entrepreneur, died. He created the TV game show “Jeopardy" in 1964 and sold the rights for the show to Coca-Cola for $250 million in 1986.
    (AP, 8/13/07)(SFC, 8/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 12, Afghanistan and Pakistan pledged to eliminate terrorist sanctuaries in their respective tribal regions and fight the opium trade financing Islamic militants. Pakistan’s President Gen. Pervez Musharraf told more than 600 Afghan and Pakistani tribal leaders that the two countries have been mired in the rise of militancy, extremism and radicalism while the rest of the world races forward with economic development. He spoke at the closing session of a four-day US-backed cross-border jirga, or tribal council, aimed at finding ways to stem Afghanistan's rising bloodshed. In southern Afghanistan police and army soldiers battled militants in Kandahar province's Shohrawak district. The joint Afghan forces thwarted a planned militant ambush at the district chief's compound, and the ensuing clash left nine militants dead. During a cleanup operation after the battle, a roadside bomb hit a police vehicle in the same district, killing five officers and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 8/12/07)(AP, 8/12/07)(AP, 8/13/07)
2007        Aug 12, In England Gerry Tobin was shot in the back of the head as he rode home from an annual biker event, the Bulldog Bash, in Warwickshire. Police later arrested 3 men in connection with the shooting death of the Canadian Hells Angel biker on the M40 motorway.
    (Reuters, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 12, In Mansoura, Egypt, Mohamed Mamdouh Abdel-Aziz (12) died days after he was arrested and allegedly tortured by police after he was detained on suspicion of having stolen four packs of tea.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2mo43a)
2007        Aug 12, A Hong Kong-based human rights group said a chemical plant leaked arsenic into a river in southern China that supplies water to at least 20,000 people. High levels of arsenic and other chemicals already have killed at least 10,000 fish in the Chongan, a 43-mile river in Guizhou province.
    (AP, 8/13/07)
2007        Aug 12, In India suspected rebels killed four Hindi-speaking migrant workers before dawn and 3 more bodies were found from an earlier killing in the insurgency-wracked northeast, bringing the death toll from a week of violence to 30.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 12, In Indonesia nearly 90,000 followers of Hizbut Tahrir, a hard-line Sunni organization with an estimated million members, packed a stadium in Jakarta, calling for the creation of an Islamic state.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 12, A woman (29) in Bali died from infection with the H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (www.news-medical.net/?id=28736)
2007        Aug 12, Up to five militants were killed and 13 others detained during a raid on Baghdad's Shiite slum of Sadr City. The US military claimed those they rounded up in that raid were linked to Tehran’s elite Quds Force.
    (AP, 8/13/07)
2007        Aug 12, In southern Nigeria a foreigner taken hostage amid increased lawlessness died of an illness while being taken to a hospital.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 12, A video was posted on Russian ultranationalist sites of the Internet showing the brutal execution of two men from Central Asia and the Caucasus. The man who posted the video turned himself on Aug 14 in Maikop, capital of the southern Russian republic of Adygei.
    (AP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 12, In Somalia 2 suspects were arrested in the deaths of two prominent Somali journalists who were killed within hours of each other.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 12, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels set off a powerful land mine against a military patrol in the Jaffna peninsula, killing a soldier and wounding at least 16 others. Another civilian was killed and four others were injured when the LTTE fired mortars at a northeastern village in Weli Oya.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 12, In southeast Turkey 12 were injured, three of them seriously, when Kurdish guerrillas detonated a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 12, In north-eastern Zimbabwe at least 9 people were killed and around 50 injured when a bus collided with a car.
    (AFP, 8/13/07)

2008        Aug 12, Two-thirds of US corporations paid no federal income taxes between 1998 and 2005, according to a new report by the Government Accountability Office.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, The US Navy agreed to restrict loud sonar blasts from anti-submarine vessels in large areas of the world’s oceans to protect whales and other vulnerable creatures.
    (SFC, 8/13/08, p.B4)
2008        Aug 12, In California state and federal officials celebrated the official transfer of 3,300 acres from the US Army to the Fort Ord Reuse Authority, which will oversee the redevelopment of the 28,000-acre base on Monterey Bay.
    (SFC, 8/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 12, Chicago’s archdiocese agreed to pay over $12.6 million to settle suits by 16 people who accused priests of sex abuse. This brought the total thus far $65 million for some 250 claims over the last 30 years.
    (WSJ, 8/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 12, It was reported that Akron inventor Charlie Grispin, chief technical officer of PolyFlow Corp., had developed a new process to recycle plastic and that a demonstration plant in Akron showed how the process broke all manner of plastics into their base chemicals.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6xfw5s)(www.polyflowcorp.com/)
2008        Aug 12, Michael Baxandall (74), Wales-born renowned UC Berkeley art historian, died. His books included “Painting and Experience in Fifteenth Century Italy" (1972).
    (SFC, 9/11/08, p.B5)(www.longitudebooks.com/find/p/13716/mcms.html)
2008        Aug 12, Donald Erb (b.1927), avant garde composer, died in Ohio. His work included “Reconnaissance," one of the first chamber works for live synthesizer and acoustic instruments. It premiered in 1967 with synthesizer pioneer Robert Moog on the synthesizer.
    (SFC, 8/19/08, p.B5)
2008        Aug 12, Dorothy Wiltse Collins (b.1923), star pitcher in women’s professional baseball in the 1940s, died in Fort Wayne, Indiana from a stroke. Pitching for six seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, created in 1943 to provide home front entertainment while many major leaguers were off to war, Collins dazzled opposing batters. The All-American league went out of business after the 1954 season.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dottie_Wiltse_Collins)
2008        Aug 12, Tesco, the biggest British retailer, announced plans to open wholesale grocery stores in India that will supply goods to hypermarkets owned by Indian conglomerate Tata Group.
    (AFP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, Cambodia's genocide tribunal formally indicted Kaing Guek Eav (aka Duch), a former prison chief of the country's notorious Khmer Rouge, paving the way for a historic trial.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, Knife-wielding assailants attacked a road checkpoint in China's troubled far west, killing three guards and raising the death toll to 31 from a surge in violence coinciding with the Beijing Olympics. A bus accident in western China killed 24 students and parents.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(WSJ, 8/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 12, In the Dominican Republic former Pan American Games wrestling medalist Wilson Santiago Rojas (31) was shot to death when he tried to prevent his cousin from being robbed inside a Santo Domingo electronics store.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 12, Security forces in Gambia arrested Rear Adm. Bubo Na Tchuto, the suspected leader of an alleged plot to topple the government in nearby Guinea-Bissau.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, Georgia's Pres. Mikhail Saakashvili said his government will declare that its breakaway regions are occupied territories and will designate Russian peacekeepers as occupying forces. Russia ordered a halt to military action in Georgia, after five days of air and land attacks sent Georgia's army into headlong retreat and left towns and military bases destroyed. A Dutch television journalist was killed overnight when Russian warplanes bombed the central Georgian city of Gori. Russia later counted 133 civilian deaths in South Ossetia. Rights activists later said fewer than 100 civilians were killed in South Ossetia. The war cost some 850 lives and left over 35,000 displaced civilians, mot of the Georgian.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.43)(WSJ, 9/12/08, p.A1)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.65)
2008        Aug 12, Indian security forces shot dead 15 Muslim demonstrators in Kashmir amid a wave of anger against New Delhi's control over the disputed region.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.33)
2008        Aug 12, A male suicide bomber, dressed as a woman, struck an Iraqi army convoy carrying senior officials in Baqouba, killing at least two people. US soldiers over the last 24 hours captured nine suspected militants linked to what the military called an Iranian-backed group known as the Hezbollah Brigades in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(SFC, 8/13/08, p.A6)
2008        Aug 12, The Lebanese parliament overwhelmingly approved the country's national unity Cabinet after a five-day debate on a controversial policy that upholds Hezbollah's right to keep its weapons.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, Nigerian militants claimed they had destroyed a pipeline supplying gas to a key oil refinery in southern Rivers state.
    (AFP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, A roadside bomb destroyed an air force truck on a bridge in Pakistan's volatile northwest and killed up to 14 people. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, calling it "an open war" and retaliation for recent military operations in the region. A suspected American missile strike targeting an alleged militant gathering point killed at least nine people, including foreigners near Angore Adda in the South Waziristan. Two intelligence officials said between 22 and 25 people died, including Arabs, Turkmen and Pakistani militants.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(AP, 8/13/08)(SFC, 8/14/08, p.A2)
2008        Aug 12, Muslim guerrillas began withdrawing from several occupied southern Philippine villages following fierce fighting with government troops that has displaced nearly 160,000 civilians during harvest time.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, Somali pirates hijacked the Thor Star, a Thai cargo ship with 28 crew members onboard.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 12, South Korea announced sweeping pardons for some of the country’s most powerful businessmen, including Lee Myung-bak, the head of leading carmaker Hyundai Motor, saying they were needed to help revive a troubled economy. 341,863 others were also pardoned as South Korea celebrated liberation from Japanese colonialism.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.46)(http://articles.latimes.com/2008/08/12/business/fi-skpardons12)
2008        Aug 12, Spanish officials said local police acting on a tip-off from US authorities have seized 1.4 tons of cocaine and arrested eight South American suspects, 6 from Colombia and 2 from Venezuela.
    (AP, 8/12/08)
2008        Aug 12, Sudan's army began a massive operation to wipe out rebel bases in Darfur's far north. The army attacked with more than 200 vehicles in Wadi Atron, near the Sudanese-Libyan border and took control of areas which had for years been under the control of rebels who want more autonomy for the region. North Darfur is part of Sudan's oil Block 12A operated by a consortium led by the Saudi Arabian company al-Qahtani. Chinese companies dominate Sudan's budding oil sector which produces more than 500,000 barrels per day of crude.
    (Reuters, 8/13/08)
2008        Aug 12, Venezuela raised the regulated prices of foods ranging from bread to beef by up to 50 percent and removed price controls from other goods in a bid to ease sporadic shortages in supermarkets.
    (AP, 8/12/08)

2009        Aug 12, Pres. Obama awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, to 16 “agents of change."
    (SFC, 8/13/09, p.A5)
2009        Aug 12, In Atlanta, Georgia, Ehsanul Islam (23) was convicted of aiding terrorist groups by sending videotapes of US landmarks overseas and plotting to support “violent jihad." He faced a maximum of 60 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Aug 12, In Montana a grizzly bear named Maximus, one of the largest in the state, was found shot to death on a ranch near Dupuyer. He had stood 7½ feet tall and weighed 800 lbs.
    (SSFC, 8/23/09, p.A7)
2009        Aug 12, In southern Afghanistan helicopter-borne US Marines backed by Harrier jets stormed a Taliban-held town before dawn, launching a new operation (Eastern Resolve 2) to uproot Taliban fighters from a longtime base and provide security for next week's presidential election. Marines said they killed between seven and 10 militants in Dahaneh and seized about 66 pounds (30 kilograms) of opium, which the militants use to finance their insurgency. A blast on a road in the Gereshk district of Helmand province ripped through a vehicle carrying a family, killing 11 people, including two women and nine men. In Kandahar province three children were killed after they started playing with a bomb which they had found on the side of the road west of the provincial capital.
    (AP, 8/12/09)(AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, Australian forces shot 2 Afghan policemen on a motorcycle at the Dorafshan checkpoint near Tarin Kowt. One of the Afghans was shot 16 times and died. The other was wounded. The Australian military later said the soldiers did not know the men were police and were acting in self-defense.
    (AFP, 10/13/09)(www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/08/12/2653950.htm)
2009        Aug 12, In Argentina Retired Gen. Santiago Riveros and four other members of the military were convicted and sentenced to long prison terms in the 1976 killing of Floreal Avellaneda (14), the son of a communist activist.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/87.88eng/chap5.htm)(AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, Argentina’s customs service confiscated a total of 4.2 metric tons (4.6 tons) of pseudoephedrine, chemical that can be used to make methamphetamine, at several government warehouses at the port in Buenos Aires during an investigation into drug traffickers with ties to Mexico.
    (AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, In La Paz, Bolivia, exploding envelopes wounded 7 people, 3 of them severely.
    (AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, In Chile Mapuche activist Fabian Facundo Mendoza Collio (24) was shot and killed by police during a confrontation with Mapuche Indians outside Collipulli. Hours after the Collio was killed, an agricultural warehouse in the area was set on fire, destroying about $1 million worth of equipment.
    (AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, China’s state media reported that authorities in northern China have shut down the Dongling Lead and Zinc Smelting Co. in Shaanxi province after it was found to have caused lead poisoning that sickened more than 300 children. Media later reported that 851 children in Changqing township had tested positive for lead poisoning.
    (AP, 8/12/09)(AP, 8/14/09)(AFP, 8/19/09)
2009        Aug 12, The WTO upheld American complaints that China breaks trade commitments by the way it regulates the import and distribution of foreign publications, films and music. The initial complaint was filed in 2007 and was later joined by the EU, Japan, Australia and others.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.36)
2009        Aug 12, A French teenager (16) shot and killed his parents and twin brothers, apparently while they were asleep in their home on the island of Corsica.
    (AFP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, In France a 35-year-old convert to Islam, identified only as Carole, complained of religious discrimination after trying to go swimming in a "burquini," a full-body swimsuit, in the town of Emerainville, southeast of Paris. Officials insisted they banned the woman's use of the Islam-friendly suit at a local pool because of France's pool hygiene standards.
    (AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, In Honduras supporters of ousted President Manuel Zelaya clashed with police in Tegucigalpa and some of them attacked the second-ranking member of Congress.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, In Mexico’s border city of Nuevo Laredo, city police found a bullet-ridden sport utility vehicle belonging to the federal Communications and Transportation Department crashed into a post on a street. There was blood on the seats, and four department employees identified as cargo inspectors were reported missing.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, In Nigeria US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton encouraged the government to take a firmer line on corruption and offered US help to implement badly needed electoral reforms in Africa's biggest energy producer.
    (Reuters, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, In northwestern Pakistan's tribal belt clashes between Taliban militants and followers of pro-government Turkistan Bitani left at least 70 fighters dead.
    (AP, 8/12/09)(SFC, 8/13/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 12, Philippine troops overran two jungle camps of al-Qaida-linked militants in their deadliest clash in years, with 23 soldiers and 31 guerrillas killed. The two camps served as a stronghold and a bomb factory for the Abu Sayyaf on Basilan. Troops found several bombs, booby traps and 15 assault rifles and grenade launchers.
    (AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, Russian PM Vladimir Putin made a surprise visit to Abkhazia and said Russia will spend at least 15 billion rubles ($470 million) next year to build Russian military bases in Abkhazia and tighten the separatist Georgian region's borders.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, Chechen Interior Ministry spokesman Magomed Deniyev said 2 policemen were killed in separate attacks during the night as they returned to their homes.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
 2009        Aug 12, Ruslan Amerkhanov, the construction minister in Russia's violence-plagued Ingushetia, was shot to death in his office. Ingush Security Council secretary Alexei Vorobyov said investigators believe the killing could be related to recent audits of construction projects that turned up building violations and misuse of funds.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, World Bank President Robert Zoellick pledged to boost development aid to Rwanda to help the rebuild the country ripped apart by genocide.
    (Reuters, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, In Somalia masked gunmen killed five Pakistani preachers outside the Tawfiq Mosque in Galkayo following morning prayers.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, Yemeni government forces used artillery and aircraft to attack Shiite rebels near the border with Saudi Arabia in an escalation of the five-year-old conflict. A local government official said 20 rebels were killed. A local Health Ministry official said 12 others died in fighting across Saada and 51 were injured.
    (AP, 8/12/09)
2009        Aug 12, Doctors at Zimbabwe's state hospitals went on strike, demanding higher salaries and payment of their monthly allowances.
    (AFP, 8/12/09)

2010        Aug 12, Officials in Atlanta, Georgia, arrested Elias Abuelazam (33), a suspect in a string of 18 stabbings that left 5 people dead, at the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta Int’l. airport as he was about to board an airplane to Tel Aviv. 14 of the stabbings had taken place in Flint, Michigan. Abuelazam was extradited to Michigan where he faced homicide charges. On June 25, 2012, Abuelazam was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/13/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/27/10, p.A6)(SFC, 6/26/12, p.A5)
2010        Aug 12, In Nevada 2 gold miners were killed in an accident at the Meikle mine.
    (SFC, 8/13/10, p.A6)(SSFC, 8/15/10, p.A9)
2010        Aug 12, In Oregon a small plane crashed in the Steens Mountain killing 2 men, including prominent California horse breeder Frank Vessels (58).
    (SFC, 8/13/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 12, In eastern Afghanistan a crowd of about 300 villagers yelled "Death to the United States" and blocked a main road as they swore that US forces had killed three innocent villagers. NATO forces rejected the claim, saying they had killed several suspected insurgents and detained a local Taliban commander in the overnight raid. Elders from Zarin Khil village said American troops stormed into a family's house and shot three brothers, all young men, and then took their father into custody. In nearby Paktiya province NATO and Afghan troops killed more than 20 armed insurgents in an ongoing operation to disrupt insurgents in the area around Dazadran district. US and Afghan forces stepped up operations against a Taliban faction linked to al-Qaida, arresting several key figures in the network in raids in two eastern provinces. A British serviceman, who was injured Aug 10 in an incident involving a helicopter at a patrol base in the Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand, died at a hospital in Britain.
    (AP, 8/12/10)(AP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 12, Leicester City, the English Championship soccer club, announced that a consortium led by Thai businessman Aiyawatt Raksriaksorn has bought the organization.
    (AFP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, An Iranian man was arrested in Brazil on suspicion of 11 murders allegedly aimed at protecting his illegal electronics smuggling operation. Police in the northeastern state of Ceara say Farhad Marvizi (46) hired two rogue officers and other people to carry out the killings in the last two years.
    (AP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 12, In China 10,276 people in Inner Mongolia set a new world record for the longest chain of human dominoes toppling a record set a decade earlier in Singapore by more than several hundred.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20100813/od_uk_nm/oukoe_uk_china_life_dominoes)
2010        Aug 12, In Colombia a car bomb exploded outside a major radio station and banks in Bogota, shattering windows and injuring at least nine people. No deaths were reported.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, Egypt’s religious ministry launched an ambitious project to, neighborhood by neighborhood, unify the timing and sound of the Islamic call to prayer across Cairo, a sprawling city of 18 million. System glitches and a communication breakdown delayed it by a day.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, French Interior Minister Brice Hortefeux said that over 40 illegal gypsy camps have been dismantled around the country in the last two weeks and that 700 people among those in the camps will be returned to Bulgaria and Romania.
    (SFC, 8/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 12, India ordered telephone operators to allow security agencies access to BlackBerry services carried on their networks by the end of the month.
    (AFP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, In India Cindy Iannereli, an American from Cecil, Pa., was murdered near the Osian resort in Rajasthan state. Her son teenager Joncarlo Patton (15) was arrested as the prime suspect in the murder. On May 3, 2011, the boy was sentenced to serve three years in an Indian juvenile detention facility. On May 11, 2012, an Indian court overturned the conviction and Patton was released.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3wtvvn5)(AP, 5/3/11)(AFP, 5/11/12)
2010        Aug 12, In Jamaica police shot and killed Cedric Murray, otherwise called ‘Doggie’, a senior member of the Montego Bay-based Stone Crusher gang, near the border of Clarendon and Manchester. He was on Jamaica’s ‘Most Wanted List’ for the past five years.
    (www.jamaicasmostwanted.com/2008/05/03/cedric-murray/)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.48)
2010        Aug 12, In Malaysia gold coins came into circulation and could be purchased at various locations in Kelantan state. Their worth is currently about $180 per dinar and $4 per dirham. The gold dinar and silver dirham coins provide an alternative to Malaysia's currency, the ringgit, in northeastern Kelantan state, which is governed by the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, a conservative opposition group that promotes religious policies in its rule.
    (AP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 12, Guido De Marco (79), former president of Malta (1999-2004), died. He helped the island nation win European Union membership (2004).
    (AP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 12, In Mexico police found the bodies of six people in two locations. The bodies of four males, including two teenagers, were found with their hands and feet bound inside a car in the town of Tepalcatepec, Michoacan state. Minutes earlier police in Tepalcatepec found the body of a man and a woman alongside a road.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 12, Demonstrators in Morocco slapped a commercial blockade on Melilla, a Spanish enclave, allowing in only some trucks in a dispute over alleged police violence and racism against Moroccans entering the city. Besides a bustling commercial flow, about 35,000 Moroccans cross daily into Melilla, population 70,000, to work or shop.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, In Nigeria a senior official said a cholera outbreak has killed 40 people while 115 others have been infected in northern Nigeria's Borno State in the past week.
    (AFP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 12, President Dmitry Medvedev said drought has destroyed a quarter of Russia's grain crop this year, pushing some farmers to the brink of bankruptcy and hurting Russia's bid to expand food exports.
    (Reuters, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, In Suriname Desi Bouterse (64), a former coup leader, convicted drug trafficker and accused murderer, was sworn in as president.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, Human Rights Watch group said Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army rebels have abducted 697 people in central Africa in the past 18 months, killing at least 255 of them.
    (AP, 8/12/10)
2010        Aug 12, In Zimbabwe a wounded buffalo, known as one of the most aggressive animals in the African bush, gored veteran Zimbabwean conservationist Steve Kok (71) to death, ending his years of dedication to saving wild animals from poachers' traps.
    (AP, 8/17/10)

2011        Aug 12, The US warned it would cut $100 million in American aid money if Hamas continues its "unwarranted audits" of local American nonprofit organizations in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 12, A US federal appeals court panel struck down a requirement in Pres. Obama’s health care package requiring virtually all American to carry health insurance or face penalties.
    (SFC, 8/13/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 12, In San Francisco the 4th annual Outside Lands Music and Arts Festival opened in golden Gate Park for a 3-day run.
    (SFC, 8/13/11, p.C2)
2011        Aug 12, Albrecht Muth called police saying he had discovered Viola Drath (91), his wife of 20 years, murdered at their Georgetown home. On Jan 16, 2014, Albrecht Muth (49) was convicted of her murder.
    (SFC, 1/17/14, p.A7)
2011        Aug 12, General Motors said it is recalling 16,198 Chevrolet Impala and Buick LaCrosse cars in the United States and Canada to address sensor and power steering problems.
    (Reuters, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed in separate roadside bombings. Afghan security forces recovered the bodies of five policemen and three intelligence agents who were kidnapped by insurgents a day earlier in Wardak province.
    (AP, 8/12/11)(AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 12, Royal Dutch Shell PLC said it is trying to stop oil leaking from a flow line at one of its drilling platforms in the North Sea off the coast of Scotland. On Aug 15 Shell estimated that 54,600 gallons had leaked from the Gannet Alpha oil rig. On Aug 16 Shell said a 2nd smaller leak had been found at the rig.
    (AP, 8/13/11)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.A4)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 12, A Chinese bullet train manufacturer recalled 54 trains in a new embarrassment for a problem-plagued prestige project following a July crash that killed 40 people.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Egypt hundreds of protesters rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, briefly scuffling with riot police and defying the military rulers who are eager to prevent any demonstrations in the iconic square since forcefully clearing a weekslong sit-in by youth activists last week.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, The Italian government approved $65 billion in additional emergency austerity measures over the next two years in an effort to balance the budget by 2013. Tax hikes and cuts to local government were included.
    (SFC, 8/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 12, Libya's news agency, JANA, reported that those carrying a satellite phone without a permit could be sentenced to death as punishment for treason.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Mexico’s official National Human Rights Commission complained that Mexican police and soldiers regularly burst into homes, plant evidence and take people's possessions. It said the violations have increased as the war against drug cartels has grown more intense.
    (AP, 8/13/11)
2011        Aug 12, A Dutch court sent two Somalis to jail for up to seven years for hijacking a South African yacht last year and seizing a South African couple who are still missing. Three others also were convicted of piracy. The five men were caught by the Dutch navy in the Gulf of Aden in November, heavily armed with machine guns and bazookas.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Nigeria cleric Liman Bana (65) died after sustaining gunshot wounds while walking home from conducting prayers at the main mosque in Ngala, a border town with Chad. Police blamed the attack on the Boko Haram group.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Pakistan Taliban militants ambushed a police van taking two of their comrades back to jail after a trip to the dentist, freeing the captives. Three police guards were killed in the incident in Peshawar.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Poland's PM Donald Tusk lambasted prosecutors for giving Belarusian police confidential financial information on Ales Belyatsky, a prominent human rights activist. The information contributed to his arrest and allowed Belarusian authorities to file criminal charges against him.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In the southern Philippines two men were killed when a bomb they were allegedly carrying exploded prematurely along a highway.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Stockholm Film Festival organizers say French actress Isabelle Huppert (53) will be honored with its 2011 lifetime achievement award for a career in movie and television spanning almost four decades.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, Syrian activists said troops and tanks stormed the town of Khan Sheikhon in the northern province of Idlib amid heavy gunfire. Syrian soldiers opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters who flooded the streets shouting "We will not kneel!" Security forces killed at least 15 protesters. The US stepped up calls for a global trade embargo on oil and gas from Syria. Four people were killed in Aleppo as security forces attacked protesters.
    (AP, 8/12/11)(AP, 8/13/11)(SFC, 8/13/11, p.A3)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 12, A Tunisian court handed down prison terms for members and collaborators of the former first lady for trying to illegally flee with jewels and cash as the regime collapsed. But it dismissed charges against Ali Seriati, the once powerful head of presidential security.
    (AP, 8/12/11)
2011        Aug 12, In Yemen hundreds of thousands poured onto the streets of major cities and towns, demanding the country's embattled president step down. Thousands of Saleh loyalists gathered for prayers in a mosque near the presidential palace in the capital Sanaa.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2012        Aug 12, The US Navy USS Porter, a guided-missile destroyer, was left with a gaping hole on one side after it collided with the Japanese-owned, Panamanian-flagged bulk oil tanker M/V Otowasan just outside the strategic Strait of Hormuz.
    (AP, 8/12/12)(AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Louisiana the Bayou Corne sinkhole opened up. It stretched 325 feet across, guzzled water from adjacent swamps and belched methane from beneath the surface. By late 2013 it had expanded to 25 acres and continued to grow. The Napoleonville salt dome, 700 feet below Bayou Corne, had been used to store propane, butane and natural gas and to make salt water for chemical factories in the area. The collapse of a cavern wall was believed to cause the formation of Bayou Corne.  
    (SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A17)
2012        Aug 12, Joe Kubert, American comic artist and teacher, died in New Jersey. He drew figures in “Sgt. Rock," “The Haunted Tank" and Enemy Ace." In 1976 Kubert and his wife founded the Kubert School, the nation’s only accredited trade school for comic book artists.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 12, Ruggiero Ricci (b.1918), SF-born violin virtuoso, died at his home in Palm Springs.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.C3)
2012        Aug 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed district government chief Faridullah Niazi and three of his bodyguards in Laghman province.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, Bahrain sentenced a 19-year-old man two-years in jail for defaming one of the Prophet Muhammad's wives. The court heard how the unnamed man "posted filthy and depraved comments" on a website that slandered Muhammad's wife Aisha.
    (AP, 8/13/12)
2012        Aug 12, Marathon man Stephen Kiprotich delivered Uganda's second ever Olympics gold medal, celebrating victory in the shadow of Buckingham Palace as the curtain slowly dropped on the 2012 Games. Uganda’s last gold medal came 40 years ago when 400m hurdler John Akii-Bua struck gold at the Munich Games. The closing ceremony was billed as a diverse "Symphony of British Music."
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, Egypt's President Morsi announced a surprise decision to retire the defense minister and chief of staff and seize back the powers the military grabbed from his office. Security forces killed 6 suspected militants during raids on hideouts in two villages in northern Sinai. They seized landmines, an anti-aircraft missile, heavy machine-guns and grenades. Separately 3 policemen were killed and four others injured when their car turned over while chasing a group of criminals in central Sinai.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Iraq twin bombings and a shooting in and around Baghdad killed five people, including three Iraqi policemen.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Italy Hundreds of Wind Jet airline passengers became stranded due to the failure of Alitalia's deal to purchase the Sicily-based low-cost carrier.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Kenya three Russian-made Mi-24 combat helicopters from Uganda went down in a remote mountainous region. One was found a day later, with all seven servicemen on board rescued. 3 soldiers were later confirmed dead in another crash. 8 surviving Ugandan servicemen were found on Aug 14. The helicopters were flying to Somalia to support African Union troops battling Shebab insurgents linked to Al-Qaeda.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Mali up to 60,000 people gathered for a giant peace rally in Bamako. The country was split in two after Islamists wrested control of the vast desert north following a March coup in the capital Bamako.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In Mexico gunmen shot dead Matehuala, San Luis Potosi state, Mayor-elect Edgar Morales Perez and aide Francisco Hernandez Colunga as they returned from a birthday party.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 12, In Nigeria a senior officer said troops killed 20 suspected Boko Haram Islamists in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, an account quickly denied by the militant group. Military commander Victor Ebhaleme said one soldier had been killed and two others injured in the raid. Suspected Islamists attacked a military patrol in the northeastern city of Damaturu.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, In South Africa violent clashes broke out at the mine run by Lonmin, the world's third largest platinum producer, in a battle for dominance between the leading National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and the smaller Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union (AMCU). 8 people were killed in the clashes. The next day two police officers, responding to the clashes, were hacked to death. In 2015 South African prosecutors charged 17 miners with murder over the killing of 10 people during a violent wildcat strike at Lonmin's Marikana mine.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)(Reuters, 10/21/15)
2012        Aug 12, In South Africa Bulelani Mabhayi (39) was arrested after an elderly woman was founded hacked to death the night before in the Eastern Cape village of Tholeni. He was being charged with a string of unresolved rapes and murders in the village where 19 women have been slain since 2009.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 12, Spain’s regional governments reported 10 wildfires raging across the country, including fires on the Canary islands of La Gomera and Tenerife.
    (AP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, The Syrian army pressed its assault on rebels in commercial capital Aleppo, while both sides reported atrocities and Arab foreign ministers postponed a planned meeting on the 17-month conflict.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)
2012        Aug 12, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced an initiative to protect oceans from pollution and over-fishing and to combat rising sea levels which threaten hundreds of millions of the world's people, marking the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)

2013        Aug 12, A US federal judge said the NYC Police Dept. deliberately violated the civil rights of twns of thousands of New Yorkers with its stop-and-frisk policy, and an independent monitor is needed to oversee major changes.
    (SFC, 8/13/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 12, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed AB1266, allowing transgender youth to sue school facilities and join groups with their gender identity.
    (SFC, 8/17/13, p.A8)
2013        Aug 12, Elon Musk, founder of Tesla and SpaceX, proposed to revive the old science-fiction vac-train concept to carry passengers from San Francisco to Los Angeles at over 1,200kph.
    (Econ, 8/17/13, p.65)
2013        Aug 12, A federal jury in Boston found James "Whitey" Bulger guilty of conspiracy and racketeering charges that will likely put him behind bars for the rest of his life.
    (SFC, 8/13/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 12, Algeria's chief prosecutor said an international arrest warrant has been issued for former OPEC president Chakib Khelil for his alleged role in a bribery scandal involving Algeria's state oil company, Sonatrach. It was issued two weeks ago but only announced today. The warrant also named eight other people, including Khelil's wife, their two children, and a nephew of a former Algerian foreign minister.
    (AP, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, The City of London Corporation said it has demanded that ad-firm Renew pull the plug on a network of high-tech trash cans, which measure the Wi-Fi signals emitted by smartphones to follow commuters as they pass by.
    (AP, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, In Cambodia final but unratified election results were released reaffirming the victory by the ruling Cambodian People's Party. The angered opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) said they should have been delayed until there was an impartial probe of alleged electoral irregularities. Provisional results said the CPP won 68 seats while the CNRP gained 55.
    (AP, 8/12/13)(Econ, 8/3/13, p.32)
2013        Aug 12, In China the Xinjiang government said a court has sentenced two people to death and another to life imprisonment over deadly violence last April. Two defendants were given 9-year jail sentences.
    (Reuters, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, Egyptian authorities postponed a move to disperse two Cairo sit-ins by supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to "avoid bloodshed." Islamist supporters stepped up rallies to demand his return to power.
    (AP, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, India launced its first home-built aircraft carrier, the Vikrant. It was expected to enter service in 2018.
    (SFC, 8/13/13, p.A2)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.36)
2013        Aug 12, In Iraq at least 16 people were killed and 41 wounded in a suicide bomb attack on a crowded cafe in Balad. Hours later 6 people were killed and 17 others wounded in a bomb explosion near a restaurant in Baqouba. Gunmen near Mosul intercepted a car carrying 3 soldiers and shot them dead. A suicide car bomber drove his vehicle into an army checkpoint near Fallujah, killing 5 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, Israel named 26 Palestinian prisoners to be freed this week under a deal enabling US-backed peace talks to resume. Palestinians said these have been undermined by newly announced plans to expand Israeli settlements.
    (Reuters, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, In Mali Soumalia Cisse, the opponent of former PM Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, conceded defeat in an election aimed at restoring stability to a country wracked by a rebellion, a coup and an Islamic insurgency.
    (AP, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, Nigeria became the first African country to sign the UN Arms Trade Treaty marking "resolute and unyielding" efforts to deny arms to terrorists, pirates and bandits.
    (AP, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 12, Typhoon Utor battered the northern Philippines, toppling power lines and dumping heavy rain across cities and food-growing plains. The storm left at least two people dead and 44 missing.
    (AP, 8/12/13)
2013        Aug 12, Tunisia carried out air strikes on Islamist militants holed up in the Mount Chaambi area near the Algerian border.
    (Reuters, 8/12/13)

2014        Aug 12, Another 130 US troops arrived in Iraq on what the Pentagon described as a temporary mission to assess the scope of the humanitarian crisis facing thousands of displaced Iraqi civilians trapped on Sinjar Mountain and evaluate options for getting them out to safety.
    (AP, 8/13/14)
2014        Aug 12, The New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an international commission of inquiry into mass killings by Egyptian security forces last summer, saying they likely amount to crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, A US federal judge upheld a Maryland ban on 45 assault weapons and a limit on gun magazines to 10 rounds.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A8)
2014        Aug 12, In Waldo, Florida, Police Chief Mike Szabo was suspended, apparently in response to an investigation by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement into suspected improprieties in the way officers write tickets. On Aug 26 at a Waldo City Council meeting, a group of police officers said they had been ordered by Szabo to write at least 12 tickets per 12-hour shift or face repercussions. Ticket quotas are illegal under Florida law.
    (AP, 9/2/14)
2014        Aug 12, Lauren Bacall (b.1924), American film and theater actress, died. She had starred in over 40 films including “To Have and Have Not" (1940), “The Big Sleep" (1946) and “Key Largo" (1948) with Humphrey Bogart, whom she married in 1945.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A9)
2014        Aug 12, Argentina halted a brief pilot strike that stranded thousands of passengers in Buenos Aires as the Labor Ministry ordered the two sides to accept mediation.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 12, Britain said it will send Chinook helicopters to help refugees trapped in northern Iraq, particularly on Mount Sinjar.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Canada said it will donate a small quantity of an experimental Ebola vaccine developed in its government lab to the World Health Organization for use in Africa.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Chinese security forces opened fire on unarmed Tibetan protesters, wounding at least 10 people, before they detained the protesters and rounded up more male villagers in the southwestern province of Sichuan. One protester identified as Lo Palsang committed suicide while in custody while another unnamed person died from untreated wounds. 3 more protesters died later in jail after being denied medical treatment.
    (AP, 8/20/14)
2014        Aug 12, In China actor Gao Hu (40), who had a small part as a soldier in Zhang Yimou's 2011 movie "The Flowers of War," was detained by police for possession and use of marijuana and methamphetamine, part of a wave of detentions in China's sternest crackdowns on illegal drug use in two decades.
    (AP, 8/13/14)
2014        Aug 12, Danish officials said a listeria outbreak caused by contaminated sausages may have killed 10 people during the past few months. A small meat producer in Copenhagen was closed down Aug 11.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, In Ecuador a 5.1 magnitude earthquake left at least 4 people dead in the Quito region.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A2)(SFC, 8/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 12, Egypt's top religious authority condemned the armed group Islamic State which has taken over parts of Iraq and Syria, describing it as a corrupt, extremist organization that is damaging Islam.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, India’s PM Narendra Modi ahead of a visit to Kargil, Kashmir, said Pakistan was waging a "proxy war" in the disputed region.
    (AFP, 8/13/14)
2014        Aug 12, In Indonesia the body of Sheila von Wiese-Mack (62), a Chicago-based woman, was found in a bloodied suitcase on the resort island of Bali. Her daughter, Heather Mack (19) and boyfriend, Tommy Schaefer (21) were arrested on Aug 13 and detained as suspects. Schaeffer later confessed to the murder and Heather Mack acknowledged helping him stuff the body into the suitcase.
    (AP, 8/15/14)(AP, 9/19/14)
2014        Aug 12, Iraq's incumbent PM Haider al-Abadi ordered the security forces not intervene in the current political crisis over who will be the next prime minister, amid fears that he might go to any lengths to stay in power.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Kenya Wildlife Direct chief executive Paula Kahumbu delivered a petition on this World Elephant Day calling for the arrest of Feizal Ali Mohamed, whom Wildlife Direct alleges is a Mombasa-based businessman evading an arrest warrant in relation to a massive ivory seizure in June.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, In Liberia Fatu Sherrif (12) died overnight of Ebola in the village of Ballajah. She had been shunned and locked away with her mother's body for a week after most residents fled to the forest to escape an outbreak of the virus. In Liberia alone, some 599 cases have been diagnosed with 323 deaths.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Libya’s new parliament agreed that the next president would be elected by a popular vote as lawmakers sought to overcome a confrontation between two armed factions. Tripoli police chief Col. Mohammed Sweissi, who supported the battle against Islamist militias, was killed after he came under attack by masked gunmen after leaving a meeting in the Tajoura neighborhood. Two associates were abducted.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)(AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Mexico’s Buen Tono newspaper reported that Octavio Rojas, a police beat reporter, was shot and killed in Cosolapa, Oaxaca state.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 12, Philippine security forces captured Jovito Palparan (63), a fugitive former army general. He had been on the run since December 2011 after a court issued a warrant for his arrest in the kidnapping and disappearance of left-wing student activists Karen Empeno and Sherlyn Cadapan in Bulacan province north of Manila in 2006.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for talks about Cairo's purchase of advanced surface-to-air missiles and membership in a Moscow-led free trade zone.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Russia said it has begun military exercises in the Kurile Islands in the Pacific Ocean, a move likely to anger Japan, which also lays claim to them.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, A convoy of 280 Russian trucks reportedly packed with aid traveled some 500 km (300 miles) to the southwestern Russian town of Voronezh as it headed for eastern Ukraine, but Kiev said it would only allow the goods through under the close supervision of the international Red Cross.
    (AP, 8/12/14)(Reuters, 8/13/14)
2014        Aug 12, South Africa said around 250,000 Zimbabweans living in the country on temporary visas due to expire this year can get three-year extensions, delaying a possible mass expulsion of workers.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, The Spanish sea rescue service said it has picked up more than 900 migrants trying to enter Spain clandestinely by crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in boats from north Africa over the past two days. Some 700 migrants stormed border fences to try to enter Spain's northwest African enclave city of Melilla from Morocco. Some 30 migrants managed to enter the city.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, A Spanish missionary priest being treated for Ebola died in a Madrid hospital amid a worldwide debate over who should get experimental Ebola treatments. Miguel Parajes (75) had worked for the San Juan de Dios hospital order, a Catholic aid group, and had been helping to treat people with Ebola in Liberia when he became ill and was evacuated.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Sudanese security agents arrested Mariam al-Mahdi, deputy leader of the opposition Umma Party led by her father Sadiq al-Mahdi, after it reached a deal in Paris to cooperate with rebels.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, In northern Turkey a coal mine collapse trapped up to nine people inside.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, UN rights monitors called for the global community to take urgent action to avoid a potential genocide against the Yazidi community in Iraq. 20,000-30,000 Yazidi people were reported trapped on Mount Sinjar. An Iraqi helicopter crashed while delivering aid to the displaced Yazidis.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)(AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, UN Security Council envoys warned South Sudan's warring leaders they would face sanctions if a civil war that has pushed the young nation to the brink of famine does not stop.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, The Vatican called on Muslim religious leaders to condemn "unspeakable criminal acts" by Islamic State militants who have taken a series of cities in northern Iraq.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)

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