Today in History - August 14

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554        Aug 14, Ravenna became the seat of the Byzantine military governor in Italy.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1167        Aug 14, Raynald van Dassel, archbishop of Cologne, died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1248        Aug 14, Construction of Cologne Cathedral began. [see May 15]
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1281        Aug 14, During the second Mongol attempt to conquer Japan, Kublai Khan's invading fleet disappeared in typhoon off of Japan. A Mongol army of 45,000 from Korea had joined an armada with 120,000 men from southern China landing at Hakozaki Bay. The typhoon destroyed their fleet leaving them to death or slavery.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 214)(EWH, 4th ed., p.369)(MC, 8/14/02)

1385        Aug 14, Jogaila and his brothers signed a treaty with Poland at Krievos Castle. Here he agreed to convert to Christianity and to seek the conversion of all of Lithuania and that then Lithuania and Poland would unite. The treaty also included an agreement to free all captive Catholics and to help Poland regain all the land it had lost to the German Knights. Vytautas urged Jogaila to go to Poland and leave Lithuania to be ruled by himself.
    (H of L, 1931, p.48)(Ist. L.H., 1948, p. 68)
1385        Aug 14, Portuguese forces defeated Castilians at Aljubarrota and gained independence. Nuno Alvares Pereira helped secure Portugal's independence from the Spanish kingdom of Castile. After leaving the military, Pereira entered religious life as a Carmelite and changed his name to Nuno de Santa Maria. He dedicated himself to the poor, never taking the privileges that would have been afforded to him as a former commander. In 2009 the Vatican declared him a saint.
    (PCh, 1992, p.136)(HN, 8/15/98)(AP, 4/26/09)

1457        Aug 14, Gutenberg's financier Johann Fust and calligrapher Peter Schoffer published the 2nd printed book. This is the oldest known exactly dated printed book.
    (HN, 8/14/00)(MC, 8/14/02)

1498        Aug 14, Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1552        Aug 14, Fra Paolo Sarpi, [Paulus Venetus], expert, philosopher, was born in Venice.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1559        Aug 14, Spanish explorer de Luna entered Pensacola Bay, Florida.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1587        Aug 14, Gugliemo Gonzaga (b.1538), Italian composer, died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1607        Aug 14, The Popham expedition reached the Sagadahoc River in the northeastern North America (Maine), and settled there.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1652        Aug 14, Abraham Elsevier (60), Dutch book publisher, publisher, died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1727        Aug 14, William Croft (b.1678), English composer, died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1756        Aug 14, French commander Louis Montcalm took Fort Oswego, New England, from the British.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1765        Aug 14, Massachusetts colonists challenged British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree).
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1777        Aug 14, Hans Christian Oersted, Danish scientist, was born. He discovered electromagnetism.
    (HN, 8/14/00)

1778        Aug 14, Augustus Montague Toplady (b.1740), English Calvinist hymn writer (Rock of Ages), died. His best prose work is the "Historic Proof of the Doctrinal Calvinism of the Church of England" (London, 1774).
    (MC, 8/14/02)(Wikipedia)

1784        Aug 14, The 1st Russian settlement in Alaska was established on Kodiak Island. Grigori Shelekhov, a Russian fur trader, founded Three Saints Bay.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1793        Aug 14, Republican troops in France laid siege to the city of Lyons.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1810        Aug 14, Samuel Sebastian Wesley (d.1876), English composer, was born in London.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1811        Aug 14, Paraguay declared independence from Spain.
    (PC, 1992, p.373)

1813        Aug 14, British warship Pelican attacked and captured US war brigantine Argus.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1814        Aug 14, British marines landed near the mouth of the Patuxent River in Maryland and began marching overland to attack Washington, DC.
    (ON, 6/08, p.1)

1816        Aug 14, Great Britain annexed Tristan da Cunha.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1820        Aug 14, The 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opened in NYC.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1836        Aug 14, Walter Besant (d.1901), English writer, philanthropist (Rebel Queen), was born.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1840        Aug 14, Baron Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (d.1902), German psychiatrist, was born. He was the author of the seminal work “Psychopathia Sexualis" (1886).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_von_Krafft-Ebing)

1842        Aug 14, Seminole War ended and the Indians were moved from Florida to Oklahoma.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1846        Aug 14, Henry David Thoreau was jailed for tax resistance.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1848        Aug 14, The Oregon Territory was established.
    (AP, 8/14/97)

1851        Aug 14, Doc Holliday was born in Griffin, GA.
    (MesWP)

1861        Aug 14, Martial Law was declared at St. Louis, MI.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1863        Aug 14, Ernest L. Thayer, author of the poem "Casey at the Bat," was born.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1864        Aug 14-16, Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieged Dalton, Georgia.
    (MC, 8/14/02)
1864        Aug 14, A Federal assault continued for a 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1867        Aug 14, John Galsworthy (d.1933), English novelist and dramatist (Forsyth Saga, Nobel 1932), was born in England. He was reported to have thrown a brick through a glass window in order to be arrested so that he could have time to write. His play "Justice" was the result of this experience.
    (WUD, 1994, p.581)(SFC, 12/5/98, p.E4)(MC, 8/14/02)

1870        Aug 14, David [James] Glasgow Farragut (b.1801), US admiral, died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1880        Aug 14, Construction of Cologne Cathedral, begun in 1248, was completed 633 years after it was begun.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1889        Aug 14, David S. Terry, former Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court (1857-1859), was shot by a bodyguard of Stephen Field, an associate justice of the US Supreme Court, after Terry slapped Field in the face at a railroad restaurant in Lathrop, Ca.
    (SFC, 9/7/09, p.C6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_S._Terry)

1900        Aug 14, International forces from 8 nations, including 2,000 US Marines and Japanese troops, entered Beijing to put down the Boxer Rebellion, which was aimed at purging China of foreigners and foreign influence.
    (AP, 8/14/01)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.75)

1903        Aug 14, John Ringling North, circus director (Ringling Bros), was born in Baraboo, Wisc.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1904        Aug 14, The cattle-herding Hereros, a tribe of Southwest Africa (later Namibia), became the first genocide victims of the 20th century. Kaiser Wilhelm II had sent General Lothar von Trotha to put down a Herero uprising along with the groups of rebellious Khoikhoi. Trotha drove the Hereros into the desert and then issued a formal "extermination order" (Schrecklichkeit) authorizing the slaughter of all who refused to surrender. Out of some 80,000 Hereros, 60,000 died in the desert. Of the 15,000 who surrendered, half of those died in prison camps. Some 9,000 escaped to neighboring countries. In 2004 a senior German government official apologized for the genocide during a ceremony in Namibia marking the 100th anniversary of the uprising. In 2005 a German minister acknowledged violence by German colonial powers and admitted that following uprisings, the surviving Herero, Nama and Damara were interned in camps and put to forced labor of such brutality that many did not survive.
    (www.umich.edu/news/MT/NewsE/10_05/steinmetz.html)(HNPD, 4/14/99)(AP, 8/14/04)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.E5)

1907        Aug 14, "Ha-Tikva" was adopted as official Zionist hymn.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1908        Aug 14, A race war broke out in Springfield, Illinois. Angry over reports that a black man had sexually assaulted a white woman, a white mob wanted to take a recently arrested suspect from the city jail and kill him. Most blacks had fled the city, but as the mob swept through the area, they captured and lynched a black barber, Scott Burton, who had stayed behind to protect his home. Rioting continued the next day leaving a total of two blacks and 5 whites dead and hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of property destroyed. Some 4,000 state militiamen were required to quell the riot, which helped inspire the creation of the NAACP the following year.
    (www.lib.niu.edu/1996/iht329622.html)(AP, 8/14/08)(WSJ, 1/20/08, p.A12)

1912        Aug 14, The US Public Health Service was established under the Dept. of the Treasury by the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service Act (37 Stat. 309).
    (http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/090.html)
1912        Aug 14, The JUSTIN, carrying a US battalion of 354 men and its equipment, arrived at Corinto, Nicaragua, and anchored near the Annapolis. US forces remained until 1925.
    (http://www.scuttlebuttsmallchow.com/usmcnic3.html)

1915        Aug 14, British transport Royal Edward was sunk a by German U boat and some 1000 people were killed.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1917        Aug 14, The Chinese Parliament declared war on the Central Powers, Germany and Austria, during World War I. Some 100,000 Chinese laborers ended up serving near the front lines in Flanders as the “Chinese Labor Corps," which endured military discipline under British officers. Hundreds died in the influenza that swept post-war Europe and the last were shipped home in 1920.
    (AP,  8/14/97)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.41)

1920        Aug 14, Nehemiah Persoff, actor (Al Capone, Yentl), was born in Jerusalem, Palestine.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1924        Aug 14, Georges Pretre, conductor (NY Met), was born in Waziers, France.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1925        Aug 14, Russell Baker, author and columnist for The New York Times, was born.
    (HN, 8/14/98)
1925        Aug 14, The Mount Rushmore monument was 1st proposed.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1928        Aug 14, Lina Wertmuller, [Arcanguela von Elgg], actress (7 Beauties), was born in Rome.
    (MC, 8/14/02)
1928        Aug 14, The play "Front Page" by Ben Hecht (1894-1964) and Charles MacArthur (1895-1956) premiered in NYC.
    (http://everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1541419)

1932        Aug 14, Philips made its 1 millionth radio.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1935        Aug 14, The Social Security Act became law as President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Bill, providing assistance to the poor and needy. It created an old-age and unemployment insurance, and supplemented mothers’ pensions with Aid to Dependent Children.
    (AP, 8/14/97)(www.ssa.gov/history/1930.html)

1936        Aug 14, Rainey Bethea was hanged in the last US public execution.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1937        Aug 14, China declared war on Japan.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1938        Aug 14, Niara Shudarkasa, educator and first woman president of Lincoln University, was born.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1941        Aug 14, The Atlantic Charter was created in 1941. It was a joint declaration of peace aims and a statement of principles by US Pres. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill that renounced aggression.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(WUD, 1944, p.1683)(AP, 8/14/97)
1941        Aug 14, Josef Jakobs, German spy, was executed in Tower of London.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1942        Aug 14, Dwight D. Eisenhower was named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.
    (HN, 8/14/98)

1944        Aug 14, The US federal government allowed the manufacture of certain domestic appliances, such as electric ranges and vacuum cleaners, to resume on a limited basis.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
1944        Aug 14, In Seattle, Wa., and a riot took place at Fort Lawton, following a scuffle between an Italian prisoner and a black soldier. POW Guglielmo Olivotto was found hanged the next day. In an ensuing trial 28 men were convicted. In 2005 Jack Hamann and his wife Leslie authored “On American Soil," which covered the riot and the subsequent events. The convictions of the soldiers were overturned based largely on shortcomings in the prosecution described in the book.
    (SFC, 7/28/08, p.A4)(www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=7378)

1945        Aug 14, Steve Martin, American comedian, actor and screenwriter, was born.
    (HN, 8/14/98)
1945        Aug 14, Alfred Eisenstaedt shot a picture of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square. In 2007 Houston Police Department forensic artist Lois Gibson completed a detailed investigation and concluded that Glenn McDuffie (80) is the man in the image, which was published on the cover of Life Magazine on Aug 27.
    (AP, 8/4/07)
1945        Aug 14, President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II. Shaken by the atomic destruction wreaked on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and faced with the daunting prospect of Allied invasion, the Japanese Emperor Hirohito met with his ministers on the morning of August 14 and announced, "We cannot continue the war any longer." Japan accepted the Allies "Potsdam Declaration," a cease-fire. In 1999 Prof. John W. Dower published "Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II." Dower earlier published "War Without Mercy," a study of the war in the Pacific.
    (WSJ, 8/14/95, p. A-11)(AP, 8/14/97)(HN, 8/14/98)(WSJ, 3/31/99, p.A20)(AP, 8/14/08)
1945        Aug 14, Japanese occupation of Hong Kong ended.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)

1947        Aug 14, Daniele Steel, author (Remembrance, Zoya, Star, Daddy), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 8/14/02)
1947         Aug 14, Britain partitioned the subcontinent and Pakistan was founded as an independent country. The Muslim areas in the east and west became independent Pakistan with Mohammed Ali Jinnah as president.
    (WSJ, 1/9/95, A-8)(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)

1948        Aug 14, The summer Olympic games in London ended.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

1950        Aug 14, Gary Larson, cartoonist (Far Side), was born in Tacoma, Washington.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Larson)
1950        Aug 14, Indonesia’s legislature adopted a provisional constitution that called for a parliamentary democracy with government to be responsible to a unicameral House of Representatives elected directly by the people. Sukarno became president under the new system.
    (www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-6198.html)

1951        Aug 14, Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst (b.1863) died in Beverly Hills, Calif. In 2000 David Nasaw authored "The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst." W.A. Swanberg was the author of the biography "Citizen Hearst." In 2002 Louis Pizzitola authored "Hearst Over Hollywood: Power, Passion and Propaganda in the Movies." In 2009 Kenneth Wyle authored “The Uncrowned King: The Sensational Rise of William Randolph Hearst."
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A19)(AP, 8/14/98)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/16/00, p.W8)(SFEC, 7/2/00, BR p.1)(SFC, 3/27/02, p.D5)(SSFC, 1/11/09, Books p.1)

1952        Aug 14, Alfred Sauvy (1898-1990), a French economist, first used the term “Third World," in an article published in the French magazine L'Observateur. He used it to describe the importance of underdeveloped countries. He was paraphrasing a remark by Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes, a delegate to the Estates General in 1789, who said the third estate is everything, has nothing but wants to be something.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Sauvy)(Econ, 6/12/10, p.65)

1956        Aug 14, Bertold Brecht (b.1898), German dramatist (Mother Courage), died. His first play was "Baal." He also wrote "The Resistable Rise of Arturo Ui," a satire on Hitler’s rise to power. In 1959 Prof. Martin Esslin (d.2002 at 83) authored "Brecht: A Choice of Evils."
    (WSJ, 10/3/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/10/97, DB p.15)(SFC, 2/28/02, p.A20)(MC, 8/14/02)
1956        Aug 14, Freiherr Constantine von Neurath, German foreign minister under Hitler (1932-38), died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1958        Aug 14, Gladys Love Smith Presley (48), Elvis Presley's mother, died in Memphis, Tenn.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
1958        Aug 14, KLM Flight 607-E, a Lockheed Super Constellation, crashed west of Ireland, killing 99.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KLM_Flight_607-E)
1958        Aug 14, Frederic Joliot-Curie, French nuclear physicist (Nobel 1936), died.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1959        Aug 14, Magic (Earvin Jr.) Johnson; basketball player (LA Lakers NBA MVP [1987, 89, 90]; Olympic Dream Team [1992]), was born.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1961        Aug 14, An East German soldier, Hans Conrad Schuhmann (Schuman), jumped a 3-foot barbed wire barrier to West Berlin to join his family. His photograph made int’l. headlines. He committed suicide in 1998.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)(SFEC, 10/31/99, Z1 p.4)

1962        Aug 14, Robbers held up a U.S. mail truck in Plymouth, Mass., making off with more than $1.5 million.
    (AP, 8/14/97)
1962        Aug 14, French and Italian workers broke through at the Mount Blanc Vehicular Tunnel. [see Jul 14]
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1965        Aug 14, The Beatles taped an appearance for the Ed Sullivan Show.
    (MC, 8/14/02)
1965        Aug 14, Sonny and Cher's "I Got You Babe" hit #1.
    (MC, 8/14/02)
1965        Aug 14, The first major engagement between the regular armed forces of India and Pakistan took place. The next day, Indian forces scored a major victory after a prolonged artillery barrage and captured three important mountain positions in the northern sector. Later in the month, the Pakistanis counterattacked, moving concentrations near Tithwal, Uri, and Punch. Their move, in turn, provoked a powerful Indian thrust into Azad Kashmir. Other Indian forces captured a number of strategic mountain positions and eventually took the key Haji Pir Pass, eight kilometers inside Pakistani territory.
    (Encyclopaedia.com, 2002)(http://ph.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858805.html)

1969        Aug 14, British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics. The outlawed Irish Republican Army came into Northern Ireland to protect and encourage Catholics and the Provisional IRA soon began terrorist actions against the British troops and Protestant civilians. This culminated in an attack on the Bogside which started on August 12 and ended Aug 14. Some 500 houses were burned to the ground, 1,500 people forced from their homes, and 9 people murdered.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 8/14/97)(HNQ, 8/17/99)
1969        Aug 14, Leonard Sidney Woolf (b.1880), English publisher, writer, died. He was the husband of writer and critic Virginia Woolf (1882-1941). His books included “The Village in the Jungle," a novel based on his time in Sri Lanka (1904-1911). In 2006 Victoria Glendinning authored “Leonard Woolf: A Biography."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Woolf)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.93)

1970        Aug 14, City University of NY inaugurated open admissions.
    (www.kipnotes.com/Colleges.htm)

1971        Aug 14, Philip Zimbardo, a Stanford Univ. psychologist, began his Stanford Prison Experiment. He had recruited 24 students and randomly divided them into guards and prisoners in a simulated prison environment on campus. The experiment ended after six days. A film dramatizing the experiment opened in 2015.
    (SSFC, 7/19/15, p.A6)
1971        Aug 14, Georg von Opel (b.1912), German auto manufacturer, died.
    (www.thepeerage.com/p15853.htm)

1973        Aug 14, The U.S. "secret" bombing of Cambodia came to a halt, marking the official end to 12 years of American combat in Indochina.
    (AP, 8/14/97)(HN, 8/14/98)

1974        Aug 14, The 93rd Congress authorized US citizens to own gold. The Gold ownership ban from 1933 was rescinded by Public Law 93-373.
    (www.simpleliberty.org/aamht/1900-present.htm)
1974        Aug 14, The Turkish army mounted a second full-scale offensive in Cyprus, despite the fact that talks were still being held in Geneva and just as agreement was about to be reached. 37% of the area of Cyprus came under Turkish military occupation.
    (www.cyprus-conflict.net/Greek%20v%20Turk%20narr%20-%201974.htm)
1974        Aug 14, Greek Cypriots began a 2-day massacre that killed 83 Turkish Cypriot men in Taskent.
    (www.cyprus-conflict.net/www.cyprus-conflict.net/birgin%20-%2074%20narratives.html)

1976        Aug 14, Some 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrated for peace in Belfast.
    (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch76.htm)
1976        Aug 14, In Northern Ireland Majella O'Hare (12) was shot in the back, as she walked with other schoolgirls to a Catholic Church to give their confessions in the village of Whitecross in South Armagh, a borderland powerbase for the IRA. Her father, who died in 1992, witnessed the shooting and watched her die in an army helicopter as she was being evacuated to hospital. The family received a 1,500-pound ($2,400) payment from the British government in 1976 as compensation for the killing. In 2011 the family received a face-to-face apology from Britain's senior government official in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 3/29/11)

1980        Aug 14, President Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale were nominated for a second term at the Democratic national convention in New York.
    (AP, 8/14/00)   
1980        Aug 14, Some 17,000 Polish workers, led by Lech Walesa, began a 17-day strike at the Lenin Shipyards in Gdansk. This resulted in the creation of the Solidarity labor movement.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1980)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(AP, 8/14/00)

1981        Aug 14, Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital, three months after being wounded in an attempt on his life.
    (AP, 8/14/01)
1981        Aug 14, Karl Bohm (b.1894), Austrian conductor and early Nazi sympathizer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_B%C3%B6hm)

1984        Aug 14, IBM released PC DOS version 3.0.
    (www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/today/814.htm)

1986        Aug 14, Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was arrested.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yynudk)

1987        Aug 14, The government reported that America's merchandise trade deficit had soared to $15.7 billion in June 1987.
    (AP, 8/14/97)

1988        Aug 14, Pres. Reagan arrived in New Orleans on the eve of the Republican national convention that would nominate VP George Bush, to be its choice to succeed him.
    (AP, 8/14/98)
1988        Aug 14, Enzo Ferrari (b.1898), Italian sportscar manufacturer (Ferrari), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enzo_Ferrari)

1989        Aug 14, South African President P.W. Botha announced his resignation after losing a bitter power struggle within his National Party.
    (AP, 8/14/99)

1990        Aug 14, Interrupting his vacation in Kennebunkport, Maine, President Bush returned to Washington, where he told reporters he saw no hope for a diplomatic solution to the Persian Gulf crisis, at least until economic sanctions forced Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
    (AP, 8/14/00)
1990        Aug 14, Denver voted for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise.
    (http://colorado.rockies.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/col/history/timeline2.jsp)

1991        Aug 14, President Bush expressed "100 percent" support for United Nations efforts to mediate a settlement to the Middle East hostage crisis.
    (AP, 8/14/01)
1991        Aug 14, Freed American hostage Edward Tracy returned to the United States, arriving in Boston, where he was reunited with his sister, Maria Lambert.
    (AP, 8/14/01)

1992        Aug 14, The White House announced that the Pentagon would begin emergency airlifts of food to Somalia to alleviate mass deaths by starvation.
    (AP, 8/14/97)
1992        Aug 14, Federal Judge John J. Sirica, who had presided over the Watergate trials of the 1970s, died in Washington, D.C., at age 88.
    (AP, 8/14/97)

1993        Aug 14, A jury in New York acquitted Washington lawyer Robert Altman of fraud charges for dealings linked to the Bank of Credit and Commerce International.
    (AP, 8/14/98)
1993        Aug 14, Pope John Paul II denounced abortion and euthanasia as well as sexual abuse by American priests in a speech at McNichols Sports Arena in Denver.
    (AP, 8/14/98)

1994        Aug 14, Eight children who were left alone died in an early morning house fire in Carbondale, Ill.
    (AP, 8/14/99)
1994        Aug 14, Rain turned the final full day of Woodstock '94 in Saugerties, N.Y., into a mudbath.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
1994        Aug 14, In Ohio Harry Mitts Jr. shot and killed John Bryant (28) of Garfield Heights, a black man, and Sgt. Dennis Glivar (44), a white police officer. Mitts was distraught over a recent divorce and had been drinking heavily. In 2013 Mitts (61) was executed by lethal injection.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/pt4mewq)
1994        Aug 14, Space telescope Hubble photographed Uranus with rings.
    (www.solarviews.com/eng/uranus.htm)
1994        Aug 14, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal," was captured in Khartoum, Sudan. He was jailed in France the next day.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A18)(AP, 8/15/97)

1995        Aug 14, Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. She quit the school less than a week later, citing the stress of her court fight, and her isolation among the male cadets.
    (AP, 8/14/97)

1996        Aug 14, The Republican National Convention in San Diego nominated Bob Dole for president and Jack Kemp for vice president in an evening that featured a talk-show-style testimonial by Elizabeth Dole, who strolled the convention floor with a wireless microphone.
    (AP, 8/14/97)
1996        Aug 14, Sergiu Celibidache (84), Romanian conductor (would not use recording studio), died in France.
    (www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Celibidache-Sergiu.htm)
1996        Aug 14, In Cyprus another man was killed in demonstrations when Turkish troops opened fire on Greek Cypriot demonstrators.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C2)
1996        Aug 14, In India police arrested a kitchen worker in a food-poisoning incident that traced to poisonous seeds.
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 14, An impasse on the nuclear test ban treaty was reached when India refused to sign on the basis that there was no commitment by the 5 acknowledged nuclear powers to a timetable for disarmament.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C2)
1996        Aug 14, Iraq and Turkey signed an agreement to improve political and economic ties.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C3)
1996        Aug 14, In Mongolia officials sealed off parts of Ulan Bator to halt an outbreak of cholera.
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 14, In Peru, 35 people were electrocuted when a stray rocket during a fireworks show knocked down a high-tension line.
    (AP, 8/14/97)
1996        Aug 14, In Russian Yeltsin gave security chief Lebed the authority to control and coordinate the operations of the army, Interior Ministry, Federal Security Service and other agencies in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C2)

1997        Aug 14, An unrepentant Timothy McVeigh was formally sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 8/14/98)
1997        Aug 14, In Argentina public sector and opposition unions called for a 24-hour strike to protest the nation’s 16.1% unemployment rate and proposed labor reforms.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A15)
1997        Aug 14, From Canada it was reported that Ontario planned to close down 7 of 19 nuclear power plants for repairs. Inadequate maintenance practices and management problems were charged in an internal document and, Allan Kupcis, the CEO had resigned.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.C3)
1997        Aug 14, Congo announced a $2.5 billion project to build roads and that it would seek EU financing.
    (WSJ, 8/14/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 14, In Kenya 6 officers and 7 civilians were killed in Mombasa when assailants burned down a police station.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A17)
1997        Aug 14, Russian cosmonauts Vasily Tsibliyev and Alexander Lazutkin made it safely home to Earth after a luckless six-month mission aboard the Mir space station.
    (AP, 8/14/98)
1997        Aug 14, In Turkey the parliament approved an amnesty program for some 89 journalists imprisoned for their news coverage. Pres. Demirel signed the measure.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A15)
1997        Aug 14, In Yemen ten Italian tourists were reported kidnapped in 2 separate incidents.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A17)

1998        Aug 14, A federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., ruled that the Food and Drug Administration had no authority to regulate tobacco, striking down FDA rules making it harder for minors to buy cigarettes; the Clinton administration said it would appeal. In 2000 the US Supreme Court ruled that the government lacked the authority to regulate tobacco as an addictive drug.
    (AP, 8/14/99)
1998        Aug 14, It was reported that the average compensation for the 100 top Prudential Insurance executives doubled from 1994 to 1997 to about $820,000.
    (WSJ, 8/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 14, In China flooding in Daqing broke a levee protecting the nation’s largest oil field. 155 0f 20,000 wells were closed as 200,000 people fought the flood.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 14, In Colombia government soldiers were attacked by some 600 guerrillas near Riosucio in Choco state. The fighting continued for 2 days and 60 soldiers and guerrillas were killed.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A9)
1998        Aug 14, In Congo Bizima Karaha, a minister who had defected to the rebels, said that the port of Matadi was captured. A rebel army was marching toward Kinshasa from the western coastline.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A10)
1998        Aug 14, Indonesia and the UN signed an agreement to allow human rights observers access to East Timor.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A16)
1998        cAug 14, In Israel the government approved a plan to erect barriers between Israel and the West Bank to help prevent car thefts which totaled 46,000 last year.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.A13)
1998        cAug 14, Israel’s main waste dump exploded. It was reported that industrial pollution plagued the country.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 14, Russia announced that it would proceed with plans to regulate wolves with a planned poisoning of 15,000.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A16)
1998        Aug 14, In Kosovo, Serbia, Adem Demaci agreed to take the leadership of the political wing of the KLA.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A16)

1999          Aug 14, Gov. George Bush, Republican presidential candidate, won the Iowa Straw Poll with Steve Forbes 2nd and Elizabeth Dole 3rd.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/14/00)
1999        Aug 14, Lane Kirkland, former 16-year AFL-CIO president (1979-1995), died at age 77
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.D8)(AP, 8/14/00)
1999        Aug 14, Pee Wee Reese, Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop for the Dodgers, died at age 81 in Kentucky.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/14/00)   
1999        Aug 14, In Canada hunters found the body of an ancient hunter preserved in a glacier in the Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Wilderness, 1000 miles north of Vancouver.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.A1,9)
1999        Aug 14, Separatist rebels in India killed at least 7 people in Kashmir and Assam attacks on Pakistan Independence Day.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 14, In Northern Ireland violence broke out in Londonderry and Belfast before and during the Apprentice Boys of Derry march.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A21)
1999        Aug 14, Russia bombed guerrilla bases in Dagestan and Chechnya as 4 Russian soldiers were killed and 13 wounded.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 14, In Serbia Tomislav Nikolic, the new vice premier, was quoted in Der Spiegel saying that Milosevic should resign because he capitulated in Kosovo. Separately Zoran Zivkovic said demonstrations on Aug 19 in Belgrade would give the Milosevic regime 10-20 days to resign.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A26)

2000        Aug 14, The Democratic convention opened in Los Angeles at Staples Auditorium. Demonstrators fought with police following a concert by the band Rage Against the Machine. The concert followed a "March of Corporate Shame" through downtown LA. President Clinton offered a triumphant review of his years in office, and exhorted delegates to propel Al Gore on the road to succeed him.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A5)(AP, 8/14/01)
2000        cAug 14, In India a train bombing in Uttar Pradesh killed 7 people and injured dozens. Pakistani agent were blamed.
    (WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 14, NATO peacekeepers shut down the Serb-run Trepca smelter at Zvecan, Kosovo, due to environmental pollution.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 14, In Kyrgyzstan a 4-day clash between Islamic militants and government troops left as many as 95 people dead. The militants were said to belong to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, which was trying to carve out an independent state.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A14)
2000        Aug 14, The Russian Orthodox Church announced the canonization of Nicholas II and his immediate family, executed in 1918.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A12)

2001        Aug 14, US warplanes attacked an Iraqi air defense system modernized with fiber optics by Chinese technicians.
    (WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 14, Helios, a remote-controlled, solar powered NASA plane, reached a record 96,500 feet.
    (WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 14, Some 18,000 firefighters in 8 US Western states battle 315,000 burning acres.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 14, Jeffrey K. Skilling stepped down as CEO of Enron Corp. after 6 months in the top job.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.A8)
2001        Aug 14, In Houston 3 people died from heroin overdoses and joined 15 others who died over the weekend.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A4)
2001        Aug 14, Twenty people detained in riots at the Group of Eight summit in Italy the previous month were ordered released by a Genoa court. They included 15 Austrians, three Americans, a Slovak and a Swede.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2001        Aug 14, In India it was reported that 15 wild elephants had died in Nameri National Park in Assam state from an unknown disease.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 14, Israeli tanks rolled into Palestinian-controlled Jenin. Bulldozers destroyed a Palestinian police station and Israeli forces took back with them some 70 Palestinians, who had been jailed in Jenin for collaboration with Israel. In Nablus Shadi Affori (19), a Fatah member, was killed in an explosion at his home.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 8/15/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 14, In Macedonia Albanian guerrillas agreed to disarm under NATO supervision and the government agreed to extend amnesty for the fighters.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 14, In Northern Ireland the IRA withdrew a plan to dispose of its weapons.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 14, In Peru Pres. Toledo dismissed military commanders and put in his own men.
    (WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)

2002        Aug 14, Aircraft from the U.S.-British coalition patrolling southern Iraq bombed two Iraqi air defense sites.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Texas Gov. Rick Perry denied a reprieve for Javier Suarez Medina and authorities in Huntsville gave Suarez a lethal injection as he sang the hymn "Amazing Grace."
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Larry Rivers (78), pop artist pioneer, died in Southampton, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2002        Aug 14, Terry Jupp (46) died during weapons tests on a remote island used as a military facility off England's eastern coast. Investigations later established that part of his team's work involved attempts to construct bombs from widely available ingredients including hydrogen peroxide. Similar bombs were later used in the 2005 suicide attacks on London mass transit, which killed 52 commuters.
    (AP, 8/3/10)
2002        Aug 14, In southwest China a massive wall of mud and rock unleashed by heavy rains slammed into villages, burying 67 people in the second deadly landslide to strike the area this week.
    (Reuters, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 14, Republic of Congo President Denis Sassou-Nguesso promised to fight corruption as he was sworn after winning this central African nation's first elections since back-to-back civil wars.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 14, An Indonesian court sentenced a former East Timor governor to three years in jail over violence linked to the territory's 1999 independence vote.
    (Reuters, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 14, Israel's military intelligence chief told parliament that Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has amassed a personal fortune of about $1.3 billion.
    (AP, 8/14/02)
2002        Aug 14, Mexican President Vicente Fox angrily canceled a scheduled meeting with President Bush hours after Texas executed a Mexican national for killing a Dallas police officer despite pleas from the Mexican leadership. Javier Suarez Medina, a Mexican national, was never told he could contact the Mexican consulate for help after his 1988 arrest, a violation of the 1963 Vienna Convention of Consular Relations.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Black militants armed with clubs and stones began evicting a white farmer from his land in northeastern Zimbabwe, the first seizure since a government eviction order expired last week.
    (Reuters, 8/14/02)

2003        Aug 14, A massive power blackout hit 8 northeastern US states and southern Canada. It shut down 10 major airports and 9 nuclear power stations. The problem began in the FirstEnergy plant near Cleveland at 2pm. Cleveland lost power at 4:09pm.
    (AP, 8/15/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/18/03, p.A6)
2003        Aug 14, Roy Moore, Alabama's chief justice, said that he would refuse to move a Ten Commandments monument from the state judicial building in Montgomery.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.A4)
2003        Aug 14, Dozens of American troops landed at Liberia's main airport, increasing the U.S. presence to boost West African peacekeepers, as rebels began withdrawing from Monrovia. A "quick reaction" force of 150 combat troops were sent to back up Nigerian peacekeepers.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 14, The French health ministry estimated that about 3,000 people had died in France of heat-related causes since abnormally high temperatures swept across the country about two weeks ago.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 14, In northeast India suspected separatist rebels blew up a bus on the main highway, killing six passengers.
    (AP, 8/14/03) 
2003        Aug 14, Israeli troops killed Mohammed Sidr, a top Islamic Jihad commander, in a gun battle at his hideout in Hebron.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(WSJ, 8/15/03, p.A6)
2003        Aug 14, A Greek oil tanker that ran aground Jul 27 off the port city of Karachi broke apart, but officials said the worst was over and rich fishing grounds nearby were not threatened. The ship carried 378,000 to 450,000 gallons. It leaked an estimated 12,000 metric tons.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A3)
2003        Aug 14, The UN Security Council approved a resolution welcoming the Iraqi Governing Council and created a mission to oversee UN efforts to help rebuild the country and establish a democratic government.
    (AP, 8/14/03)
2003        Aug 14, Rebels lifted their siege of Liberia's capital.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
2003        Aug 14, The 16-member Pacific Islands Forum (Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu) planned to create a region-wide aviation market aimed at encouraging tourism.
    (AP, 8/14/03)

2004        Aug 14, William D. Ford (77), 15-term congressman died in Ypsilanti Township, Michigan.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2004        Aug 14, In western Afghanistan rival militias clashed, reportedly killing 21 people. Eight militiamen, including two commanders, were killed when fighting erupted between two rival warlords over control of a western district.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
2004        Aug 14, Africa’s worst desert locust plague in 15 years continued across Chad.
    (SFC, 8/14/04, p.C8)
2004        Aug 14, In El Salvador a bus careened off a mountain highway and toppled into a ravine in eastern El Salvador, killing 34 people and injuring 24 others.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
2004        Aug 14, A visibly weak Pope John Paul II joined thousands of other ailing pilgrims at a cliffside shrine in Lourdes, France, telling them he shares in their physical suffering and assuring them the burden is part of God's "wondrous plan."
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2004        Aug 14, Truce talks between Shiite militants and Iraqi officials broke down, raising the prospect of a return to the fierce fighting between militiamen and U.S-Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
2004        Aug 14, U.S. warplanes bombed the Sunni city of Samarrah. Iraqi hospital officials said several people died, while the U.S. military said 50 militants were killed.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
2004        Aug 14, More than 100 unemployed university graduates stormed a Palestinian Authority building in a Gaza Strip refugee camp, calling on the Palestinian leadership to provide them with jobs.
    (AP, 8/15/04)
2004        Aug 14, Czeslaw Milosz (93), Polish poet and Nobel laureate (1980), died in Krakow. He was known for his intellectual and emotional works about some of the worst cruelties of the 20th century. Milosz was born on June 30, 1911, in Szetejnie, now Lithuania, and studied law at the University in Vilnius. There, he published his first book of poems, "Three Winters," in 1936. In 2006 Cynthia L. Haven edited the book “Czeslaw Milosz: Conversations."
    (AP, 8/14/04)(Econ, 8/21/04, p.72)(SSFC, 9/24/06, p.M5)
2004        Aug 14, In central Russia a crowded minibus crashed into a car on a highway linking the Volga River cities of Ulyanovsk and Kazan, touching off a fire and killing all 15 people.
    (AP, 8/14/04)

2005        Aug 14, Cristeta Comerford was named the new White House chef, the first woman to hold the post.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2005        Aug 14, It was reported that the Detroit area had more than 12,000 abandoned homes, a byproduct of decades of layoffs at the city's auto plants and white flight to the suburbs.
    (AFP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, Fighting across southern Afghanistan left 28 suspected Taliban rebels dead. In Zabul province Afghan forces attacked a group of suspected militants, killing 16 of them and arresting one. In neighboring Uruzgan province's Dehrawud district, a gunbattle between Afghan soldiers and insurgents left five militants dead.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 14, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika unveiled a draft charter for peace and national reconciliation that will be put to a referendum on September 29.
    (AFP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, A land mine exploded in Chechnya when Russia troops came to the aid of a local official whose home was under attack by rebels, killing a senior Russian military officer and four other soldiers.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, A Cypriot airliner, Helios Air 737, crashed into a hill north of Athens, killing all 121 people on board. An inquiry in 2006 ruled pilots erred in setting pressurization controls. On April 20, 2012, three executives of a defunct Cypriot airline and a British engineer were each sentenced in absentia to 10 years in prison for their role in Greece's worst air crash. The ruling came four months after a Cypriot court acquitted the three executives during a separate hearing over the accident.
    (AP, 8/14/05)(WSJ, 10/11/06, p.A1)(Reuters, 4/21/12)
2005        Aug 14, Egypt’s Interior Ministry announced that it had identified those responsible for the July 23 terrorist attack at Sharm el-Sheik.
    (SFC, 8/15/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 14, In Iraq a US soldier on a patrol was killed and 3 others wounded in a blast east of Rutbah, 250 miles west of Baghdad. 30 bodies were found in a grave south of Baghdad that was 10-14 days old. One insurgent was killed in the raid that led to the grave and 13 others were detained.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, Israel sealed the Gaza Strip to Israeli civilians, signaling the start of the historic withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2005        Aug 14, A legal source said Jordan will charge London-based radical Muslim cleric Abu Qatada (44) with plotting to stage terrorist attacks when he is extradited from Britain.
    (AFP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, Kyrgyzstan’s new president, pledged in his inaugural speech that the former Soviet Central Asian nation, which hosts both US and Russian military bases, will pursue an independent foreign policy under his leadership.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf urged the country to reject conservative religious forces saying they were a hurdle to progress and wanted to push the country into backwardness.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
2005        Aug 14, Security forces arrested 12 minority Tamils before dawn in connection with the assassination of Sri Lanka's foreign minister, and a Tamil lawmaker said only a peace deal could stop such killings in a country many fear is sliding back to war.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

2006        Aug 14, The US State Department began issuing smart chip-embedded passports to Americans as planned, despite ongoing privacy concerns and legal disputes involving companies bidding on the project. New ones issued under this program will cost $97, which includes a $12 security surcharge added last year.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 15, NYC’s Mayor Bloomberg said he is putting $125 million of his own money into a new worldwide anti-smoking campaign.
    (SFC, 8/16/06, p.A2)
2006        Aug 14, In the largest electronics-related recall involving the Consumer Products Safety Commission, Dell Inc. agreed to replace 4.1 million notebook computer batteries made by Sony Corp. because they can burst into flames.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 14, PepsiCo Inc. announced that CFO Indra Nooyi will replace Steven Reinemundi as CEO, making her the No. 2 female CEO in the Fortune 500 behind Patricia Woertz of Archer Daniels Midland. ADM was ranked 56th in the Fortune 500 and PepsiCo was 61st.
    (SFC, 8/15/06, p.D5)
2006        Aug 14, Bruno Kirby (57), a veteran character actor known for playing the best friend in two of Billy Crystal's biggest comedies, "When Harry Met Sally" and "City Slickers," died in LA.
    (AP, 8/16/06)
2006        Aug 14, In southern Afghanistan clashes between police and militants killed 11 suspected Taliban and six policemen. 4 NATO troops were wounded in one of two bombings in Kabul.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, Australian PM John Howard ditched plans for a tough new immigration law, conceding he did not have sufficient support in parliament.
    (AFP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, In Brazil Guilherme Portanova (30), a kidnapped television reporter, was freed after Globo met the gang's demand to broadcast a video calling for improvements in Brazil's troubled prison system. In Rio de Janeiro Andres Costa Ramos Bordalo was stabbed to death by an assailant who stole his knapsack on Copacabana beach. Police stepped up patrols but at least 22 tourists were robbed during the week.
    (AP, 8/14/06)(AP, 8/19/06)
2006        Aug 14, The British government downgraded its terror threat level from critical to severe, saying intelligence suggested an attack was no longer imminent.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, In Chile a tough nationwide anti-smoking law that took effect.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, In China the death toll from Typhoon Saomai rose to 255 after scores more bodies were pulled from the sea.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, Cuban state television aired the first video of Fidel Castro since he stepped down as president to recover from surgery, showing the bedridden Cuban leader talking with his brother Raul as well as Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2006        Aug 14, In southern Ethiopia torrential rains spilled a river from its banks. At least 900 people died as continuing rains submerged five villages, knocked down grain silos and swept away cattle. Tens of thousands were marooned by the waters.
    (AFP, 8/15/06)(Reuters, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 14, At least 10 people were killed in shootings and bombings across Iraq, including three blacksmiths shot by gunmen in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, Israeli soldiers killed six Hezbollah fighters in three skirmishes in Lebanon after the UN-imposed cease-fire took effect. The clashes came as Lebanese civilians defied an Israeli travel ban and streamed back to their homes in war-ravaged areas. Lebanese, Israeli and UN officers met on the border to discuss the withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon and the deployment of the Lebanese army in the region. Lebanon said nearly 791 people were killed since the fighting began. Israel said 116 soldiers and 39 civilians were killed in fighting or from Hezbollah rockets in the 34-day war.
    (AP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, A Japanese tanker spilled about 1.4 million gallons of crude oil in the eastern Indian Ocean following a collision with a cargo ship. The spill, which would be about 4,500 tons, may be the largest ever involving a Japanese tanker. The tanker was carrying about 77.6 million gallons, or 250,000 tons, of crude. It had left port in Oman bound for Japan.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 14, Malaysia said it would issue a "big fat no" to any nation or group that asked it to dismantle a system of positive discrimination for its majority ethnic Malays as part of trade talks.
    (AFP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, US authorities arrested Tijuana drug lord Francisco Javier Arellano Felix (38) aboard a boat off Mexico's Pacific coast. Mexican analysts doubted the significance of Arellano Felix's arrest as the gang has effectively lost much of its influence over the years. In 2007 Felix pleaded guilty to federal crimes that carried a mandatory life sentence. He agreed to forfeit $50 million and the yacht on which he was captured.
    (AP, 8/17/06)(SFC, 9/18/07, p.A3)
2006        Aug 14, Nigeria formally handed sovereignty over the potentially oil-rich Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon after withdrawing its 3,000 troops in compliance with a UN-brokered deadline. This ended a 13-year feud between Abuja and Yaounde. Nigeria will maintain administrative control of southern Bakassi for the next two years, after which the area will be in a state of flux for another five years before it will be finally handed over to Cameroon.
    (AP, 8/13/06)(AFP, 8/14/06)
2006        Aug 14, In Nigeria Ayo Daramola, a member of the country's ruling party and a potential candidate in Ekiti state, was found stabbed to death in his home, the third killing of a potential gubernatorial candidate in recent weeks. Armed men kidnapped four more foreign oil workers in the southern oil city of Port Harcourt, but released 3 Filipinos abducted more than 10 days ago.
    (AFP, 8/14/06)(AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 14, In Gaza American reporter Steve Centanni (60) and New Zealand cameraman Olaf Wiig (36) were seized by masked gunmen near the headquarters of the Palestinian security services. An Israeli airstrike destroyed a house in the Gaza Strip, injuring at least eight people. The military said an Islamic Jihad command center was targeted but Palestinians said the building was empty.
    (AP, 8/14/06)(AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 14, Fighting in Sri Lanka's north and east, and a bombing in the capital, left at least 50 people dead, including 43 schoolgirls killed in what the Tamil Tigers charged was a government air raid on a children's home in rebel territory. Hours later in Colombo, an auto rickshaw packed with explosives blew up as a car carrying Pakistan's high commissioner, Basir Ali Mohmand, passed along a crowded road. At least seven people were killed, including four army commandos guarding the envoy.
    (AP, 8/14/06)

2007        Aug 14, Teacher-astronaut Barbara Morgan transformed the space shuttle Endeavour and space station into a classroom for her first educational session from orbit, fulfilling the legacy of Christa McAuliffe, who died in the 1986 Challenger disaster.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2007        Aug 14, In New Jersey the Newark Community Foundation, launched last month, said it will help pay for Community Eye, a surveillance system tailored towards gun crime.
    (Econ, 8/18/07, p.27)
2007        Aug 14, Toy-making giant Mattel Inc. issued recalls for some 18 million Chinese-made toys that contained magnets which children could swallow. Mattel also recalled 436,000 toy cars daubed with lead-based paint.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(Econ, 8/18/07, p.58)
2007        Aug 14, It was reported that Pulickel Ajayan and colleagues at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute had developed a flexible battery using carbon nanotubes and cellulose.
    (www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2007-08-14-2925644111_x.htm)
2007        Aug 14, A NATO soldier was killed when a joint ISAF-NATO patrol was ambushed by Taliban insurgents in eastern Paktia province.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2007        Aug 14, A new study said nearly every Australian city will have to find new water supplies over the next decade as climate change and population growth stretch the nation's already limited water resources.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2007        Aug 14, In Brazil police arrested Oscar Maroni Jr., for racketeering and trafficking in women. Maroni, known as the Larry Flynt of Brazil, was also under pressure to stop construction of his 11-story Oscar’s Hotel at the edge of the Congonhas Airport in Sao Paulo, which was cited for impacting air safety.
    (WSJ, 9/5/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 14, In Iraq four suicide truck bombers struck nearly simultaneously in Qahataniya killing at least 400 victims. Estimates soon rose to over 500 and later to 796. The victims were members of a small Kurdish sect, the Yazidis, who have been the target of Muslim extremists who consider them infidels. The US military blamed al-Qaida. A suicide truck bomber struck the Thiraa Dijla bridge in Taji, sending cars plunging into the river and killing at least 10 people in the 2nd attack on the span in 3 months. Local officials said four civilians, including a 3-year-old girl, were killed and five wounded during a raid by joint US-Iraqi forces in Sadr City. The US military said 4 gunmen were killed and 8 detained after a fierce gunfight, but it had no reports of civilian deaths. Extremists abducted five officials from an Oil Ministry compound in the capital in a raid using gunmen dressed as security officers. Nine US soldiers were reported killed, including five in a helicopter crash.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(AP, 8/15/07)(AP, 8/16/07)(http://tinyurl.com/8abt4y5)
2007        Aug 14, Benjamin Netanyahu won elections as leader of Israel's hardline Likud Party. Israeli troops and aircraft attacked Islamic militants in the southern Gaza Strip. Four fighters and two civilians died in the clashes and 26 people were wounded. Separately, two security officers for Gaza's Hamas rulers were reported killed in fierce fighting with the powerful Palestinian Doghmush clan.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(AP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 14, Gunmen in southern Nigeria abducted the mother of a state lawmaker, the latest in a spate of kidnappings targeting the children and elderly parents of local politicians.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2007        Aug 14, North Korean officials said that 200 people were dead or missing across the country due to floods caused by days of heavy rains. On Aug 17 an international aid group said over 300 were dead or missing from the floods. The toll was later raised to 600.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/25/07)
2007        Aug 14, Tikhon Khrennikov (94), Stalin’s music master, died. His 1939 opera “Into the Storm," based on a novel by Nikolai Virta, was the first in which Lenin appeared as a character on the stage.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.77)
2007        Aug 14, In Somalia a local human rights group said fighting in Mogadishu has killed 31 civilians and wounded 60 in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2007        Aug 14, A Taiwanese court acquitted opposition presidential candidate Ma Ying-jeou of corruption charges, giving a big boost to the campaign of a politician who backs better relations with rival China.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2007        Aug 14, A Thailand judge issued arrest warrants for ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra and his wife for failing to appear at their trial on corruption-related charges.
    (AP, 8/14/07)
2007        Aug 14, Turkish Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul, a former Islamist, filed his candidacy for president, risking a fresh government showdown with army-backed secularist forces.
    (AP, 8/14/07)

2008        Aug 14, The US and Poland struck a deal to install a missile defense facility in the ex-communist state.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, In the Virgin Islands 2 former government officials faced prison after being found guilty of running a million-dollar bribery and kickback scheme. Dean Plaskett, former commissioner of the islands' planning and natural resources department, was sentenced to nine years in prison. Marc Biggs, former commissioner of the property and procurement office, will serve seven years.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, The US Mint planned to issue the Jackson dollar coin, the 7th of its presidential dollar series.
    (www.wsmv.com/money/17190311/detail.html?rss=nash&psp=news#-)
2008        Aug 14, American Airlines, British Airways and Iberia of Spain said they had signed an agreement to cooperate over flights between North America and Europe to help them overcome soaring fuel costs.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, Scientists reported that the number of oxygen-starved "dead zones" in coastal waters around the world has roughly doubled every decade since the 1960s, killing fish, crabs and massive amounts of marine life at the base of the food chain.
    (SFC, 8/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 14, Afghan police pulled back from posts in the Nad Ali district of Helmand province after two weeks of clashes with militants. The Taliban claimed to have taken over that district. An explosion targeting a foot patrol in southern Afghanistan killed 3 members of the US-led coalition. Afghan and foreign troops clashed with insurgents in the Shwak district of eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/15/08)(SFC, 8/15/08, p.A11)(AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 14, A colonel in the Algerian army and another soldier were killed in a bomb attack in the Jijel region.
    (AFP, 8/16/08)
2008        Aug 14, Australian police arrested a Catholic priest (65) and charged him with 30 counts of sexual assault related to abuse allegations dating back three decades.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, Chile’s central bank said it is boosting its lending rate to 7.75%, warning that additional adjustments will likely be necessary to ensure inflation meets its 3 percent target in the next two years. Annual inflation reached 9.5% in July, Chile's highest rate since 1994.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, A bomb exploded during a crowded street fair in northwestern Colombia, killing seven people and wounding 17.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, Georgian and Russian troops faced off at a checkpoint outside the key city of Gori, calling an already shaky cease-fire into question. An American official said Russia appears to be sabotaging airfields and other military infrastructure as its forces pull back. The Russian General Prosecutor's office said it has formally opened a genocide probe into Georgian treatment of South Ossetians. For its part, Georgia this week filed a suit against Russia in the International Court of Justice, alleging murder, rape and mass expulsions in both provinces.   
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, India’s cabinet approved a 21% average wage increase for federal-government employees to be backdated to January 2006. In southern India at least nine schoolchildren and two adults were killed after a speeding school bus plunged into a river outside Mangalore.
    (WSJ, 8/14/08, p.A8)(AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, In Iraq 2 roadside bombs went off in separate Baghdad locations, killing one policeman and wounding 17 people, including 14 Shiite pilgrims headed on foot to the holy city of Karbala for a major religious festival. Gunmen shot dead an off-duty policeman and army soldier in separate incidents in the northern city of Mosul. A female suicide bomber blew herself up in Iskandariyah. The US military said 18 people were killed in the attack, but Iraqi police in the area gave a higher death toll of 26. An American Marine was killed during a small-arms fire attack west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, A senior US military intelligence officer said Iraqi Shiite assassination teams are being trained in at least four locations in Iran by Tehran's elite Quds force and Lebanese Hezbollah and are planning to return to Iraq in the next few months to kill specific Iraqi officials as well as US and Iraqi troops.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, Thousands of Muslims poured into the streets of Kashmir, demanding independence from India hours after archival Pakistan called on the United Nations to stop what it characterized as gross human rights violations in the divided Himalayan region. Police shot dead another protester, bringing the death toll from days of rioting to 22 as security was boosted on the eve of India's Independence Day celebrations.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AFP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, Libya and the United States settled all outstanding lawsuits by American victims of terrorism, clearing the way for the full restoration of diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, Military leaders in Mauritania named former EU ambassador Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf as prime minister.
    (WSJ, 8/15/08, p.A8)
2008        Aug 14, Nigeria relinquished control of the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon despite fears the handover will provoke attacks from local armed groups who oppose it.
    (Reuters, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani said in an Independence Day speech that the country must defeat extremism to survive. Officials said some 135,000 residents have fled a Pakistani tribal area bordering Afghanistan to escape clashes between troops and Taliban militants that have left scores dead.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AFP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, In Sri Lanka government jets hit a series of Tamil Tiger targets in the Mullaittivu region in support of troops fighting on the ground. Fighting between the two sides killed 27 rebels and two government soldiers.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, Syria agreed to a longtime Lebanese demand to negotiate the demarcation of their border a day after the countries said they would establish full diplomatic relations for the first time.
    (AP, 8/14/08)
2008        Aug 14, Taiwan's former president Chen Shui-bian's admitted that he broke the law by not truthfully declaring campaign donations he received, and said that his wife sent an unspecified amount of money abroad.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

2009        Aug 14, Real estate lender Colonial BancGroup Inc. was shut down by federal officials in the biggest US bank failure this year. The FDIC, which was appointed receiver of the Montgomery, Ala.-based Colonial and its about $25 billion in assets, said the failed bank's 346 branches in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Nevada and Texas will reopen at the normal times starting on Aug 15 as offices of Winston-Salem, N.C.-based BB&T. Regulators also closed four other banks: Community Bank of Arizona, based in Phoenix; Union Bank, based in Gilbert, Ariz.; Community Bank of Nevada, based in Las Vegas; and Dwelling House Savings and Loan Association, located in Pittsburgh. The closures boosted to 77 the number of federally insured banks that have failed in 2009.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 14, Lynette “Squeaky" Fromme (60), the Charles Manson follower convicted of trying to assassinate President Gerald Ford in 1975, was released from a Texas prison hospital after more than three decades behind bars.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, It was reported that in North Carolina nine women, who lived at the edges of the poor community in Rocky Mount, have disappeared since 2005. Six bodies have been found along rural roads just a few miles outside town, most so decomposed that investigators could not tell how they died. At least one of the women was strangled. All the deaths have been classified as homicides. Three women were still missing.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, In California the Lockheed fire in Santa Cruz County, which began on Aug 12, covered over 5,000 acres and was only 15% contained. 9 big wildfires across the state covered over 100,000 acres.
    (SFC, 8/15/09, p.A8)
2009        Aug 14, Hillary Clinton ended her whirlwind seven-nation African trip at Cape Verde, with a tough love message that Africans must tackle their own problems.
    (AFP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, An Australian judge ruled that Christian Rossiter (49), a quadriplegic man who says he cannot "undertake any basic human functions," has the right to direct a nursing home to stop feeding him and allow him to die.
    (AP, 8/14/09)(SFC, 8/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 14, In Dagestan gunmen killed 2 traffic police officers in Makhachkala. 3 suspected militants were killed in a separate episode.
    (SFC, 8/15/09, p.A3)
2009        Aug 14, In Germany shares in Volkswagen, Europe's biggest carmaker, plunged after it approved a takeover of luxury auto manufacturer Porsche to create a sector giant.
    (AFP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, In Honduras 2 dozen supporters of ousted Pres. Zelaya were charged with sedition in an intensifying crackdown on protests against the coup-installed government.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 14, In Iraq journalists took to the streets in Baghdad to protest what they say is political pressure to silence the media. The rally came as journalist Ahmed Abdul-Hussein was threatened with a lawsuit over editorials related to the July 28 Baghdad bank robbery that left eight security guards dead.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, In Libya a delegation of US senators led by John McCain met with Libya's leader to discuss the possible delivery of non-lethal defense equipment.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 14, In northern Mexico a fight among prisoners killed 19 inmates and left more than 20 injured at the prison in the city of Gomez Palacio, Durango state. The battle apparently involved inmates jailed on drug or organized crime charges. Assailants in pickup trucks opened fire on Monclova police chief Juan Carlos Pacheco as he headed home. Pacheco was not hurt but three of the police officers guarding him died. Federal police announced the capture of Hector Oyarzabal, an alleged La Familia leader, who was described as director of the gang's drug operations in several towns of the state of Mexico, which surrounds most of Mexico City. In Ciudad Juarez two women and a man were found shot to death in their car.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 14, Nigeria’s banking chief said the government will inject US$2.55 billion into five troubled banks, in Africa's first major bank rescue program since the global credit crunch began. Central Bank Chief Sanusi Lamido Sanusi also announced the sacking of the heads of five major banks for piling up debts worth billions of dollars and poor management. The heads of Afribank plc, Intercontinental Bank plc, Union Bank plc, Oceanic Bank plc and Finbank plc were removed by Sanusi. The Nigerian anti-graft agency soon froze the accounts of the sacked directors for running the institutions into insolvency.
    (AP, 8/14/09)(AFP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 14, In Nigeria the number of polio cases caused by the vaccine was reported to have doubled so far this year with 124 children paralyzed, compared to 62 in 2008, out of about 42 million children vaccinated. For every case of paralysis, hundreds of other children don't develop symptoms, but pass on the disease.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, Pakistan lifted a ban on political activities in its tribal regions, granting the areas close to Afghan border parliamentary representation for the first time in the hopes it would reduce the grip of the Taliban there. 3 bomb explosions killed a man and wounded 18 other people in Baluchistan, an impoverished but oil-rich province where Baluch nationalist groups have been fighting for more autonomy for decades.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, In the southern Gaza town of Rafah on the Egyptian border fighting broke out when Hamas security men surrounded a mosque where about 100 members of Jund Ansar Allah, or the Soldiers of the Companions of God, were holed up. Abdel-Latif Moussa, the leader of the group, defied Gaza's Hamas rulers by declaring in a prayer sermon that the territory was an Islamic emirate. 11 homemade rockets were launched from Gaza into Egypt. Only five of the rockets detonated, injuring a young girl.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 14, A Swiss court backed the government's plan to give aid agencies 7 million Swiss francs ($6 million) seized from bank accounts linked to Haiti's former dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier. The Duvalier family, which wants to reclaim the money, can now appeal the case to Switzerland's highest court. The accounts have been blocked since 2002.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, Taiwan's president said floods and mudslides unleashed by Typhoon Morakot last weekend have killed about 500 people on the island, as he called on rescue crews to step up their efforts. Ma said the death toll includes 120 confirmed deaths, and about 380 people believed to be buried in the debris of a landslide in Shiao Lin, the hardest-hit village. Taiwan asked major world donors for heavy equipment to alleviate damages from Typhoon Morakot. Aid offers were initially refused on Aug 11. On Aug 23 the death toll from Typhoon Morakot was raised to at least 650.
    (AP, 8/14/09)(Reuters, 8/15/09)(AP, 8/23/09)
2009        Aug 14, A Taiwanese telephone company said Seabed movements believed caused by Typhoon Morakat damaged seven undersea cables linking Asian nations, disrupting Internet and telephone services.
    (AP, 8/14/09)
2009        Aug 14, In Venezuela lawmakers loyal to President Hugo Chavez gave final approval on to legislation that has raised fears among government opponents of impending socialist indoctrination in schools. The National Assembly also approved a law that paves the way for the government to take over private buildings and land in urban areas.
    (AP, 8/14/09)

2010        Aug 14, In California an off-road truck plowed into a crowd and scattered "bodies everywhere" moments after sailing off a jump at the California 200 race in the Mohave Desert, killing eight people and injuring 12 others.
    (AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 14, In New York a shooting outside a restaurant in downtown Buffalo left four people dead and four wounded. Keith Johnson (25) was arrested and charged with 4 counts of 2nd degree murder. Prosecutors soon dropped charges against Johnson following examination of surveillance video. On Aug 25 Riccardo McCray turned himself in and was charged 4 counts of 2nd degree murder.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(SSFC, 8/15/10, p.A10)(SFC, 8/16/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/26/10, p.A7)
2010        Aug 14, Abbey Lincoln (b.1930), jazz singer and actress, died in Manhattan. Her first album, “Affair… a Story of a Girl in Love" (1956) was made the same year in which she appeared in her first film “The Girl Can’t Help It." From 1962-1970 she was married to drummer Max Roach.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.C10)
2010        Aug 14, In Afghanistan the international coalition said more than 20 insurgents including Arab, Chechen and Pakistani fighters have been killed by NATO and Afghan forces who are ramping up operations in the east against a Taliban faction linked to al-Qaida. Four police were killed and four others wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Gereshk district in Helmand province. NATO and coalition troops killed two insurgents after a patrol came under small arms and rocket-propelled grenade fire in Kunduz province. NATO forces killed two insurgents who attacked a police station by hitting their truck with an airstrike as they fled an area in northern Kunduz province. One police officer was reported killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 14, China’s People's Daily reported that China will test a wider range of dairy products and even breast milk as authorities investigate claims that a brand of infant formula caused apparent breast growth in a small number of babies. State media have said the babies with apparent breast growth were found to have abnormal levels of the hormones estradiol and prolactin, which stimulate lactation, or the making of breast milk.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, The EU told military-run Myanmar that its Nov. 7 elections, the first in two decades, will not be considered legitimate in the eyes of the world unless it can ensure the vote is free and fair.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, Gabon signed contracts worth 4.5 billion dollars (3.5 billion euros) with Indian and Singaporean companies for infrastructure projects. The investments were expected to generate some 50,000 jobs.
    (AFP, 8/19/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Iraq two policemen were shot dead and their bodies set ablaze at a Baghdad checkpoint. A drive-by shooting killed 2 more police officers in Baghdad. An anti-Qaeda fighter was killed at a checkpoint manned by government-backed Sunni fighters in northeast Baghdad. A bomb attached to a police officer’s car in Baghdad blew up, killing the driver and wounding 2 passengers. Mohammed Ali al-Deen (34), who returned less than a month ago after completing a pharmacy course in Washington DC, was gunned down at his home in Noamaniyah in the central province of Wasit.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)(AFP, 8/15/10)(SSFC, 8/15/10, p.A8)
2010        Aug 14, In Indian Kashmir fresh clashes erupted between anti-India protesters and security forces, where 55 demonstrators have died during two months of unrest.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Italy police in Sicily said they've hit at the heart of the financial empire of a convicted Mafia associate, seizing euro800 million (more than $1 billion) in property and businesses, including a clinic for cancer patients and a local soccer team. Local health mogul Michele Aiello (53) was convicted of Mafia association, corruption and fraud and sentenced to 15 1/2 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, Lebanese intelligence agents killed two suspected members of an al-Qaida-inspired group in the Bekaa Valley. Local TV station Al-Jadeed reported that one of them was Abdul-Rahman Awad, a leader of the Fatah Islam group, and his aide, Ghazi Faysal Abdullah. They were heading to Iraq to join insurgents.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(AP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 14, Mexican authorities said that police in Ciudad Juarez have captured five alleged drug gang members suspected in the killings of two federal officers, including one whose body was hacked to pieces.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(AFP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 14, Aid officials said Niger is now facing the worst hunger crisis in its history, with almost half the country's population in desperate need of food and up to one in six children suffering from acute malnutrition. Villagers described the situation as worse than in 2005, when aid organizations treated tens of thousands of children for malnutrition, and worse even than 1973, when thousands died.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen targeted non-ethnic Baluchis traveling on a bus and painting a house in two attacks, killing 16 people and wounding eight.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Portugal more than 600 firefighters battled at least 26 serious wildfire outbreaks fanned by gusting winds in three separate areas.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Russia the number of wildfires in the Moscow region fell sharply overnight, but hundreds of blazes continued to rage in other areas of Russia, and officials warned that some of them are in hard-to-reach regions.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Singapore the inaugural Youth Olympic Games officially opened in a spectacular blaze of color, with Jacques Rogge hailing it as a new chapter in the Olympic movement. The Games, which feature athletes aged 14 to 18, are a project Rogge has championed since becoming IOC chief in 2001.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, South Korean Lee Dae-Ho broke a world record by scoring a home run for his ninth straight game.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Sudan's Darfur region two Jordanian peacekeepers, deployed with the joint United Nations-African Union mission, were kidnapped. On Aug 17 Jordanian and Sudanese officials said the peacekeepers have been freed.
    (AP, 8/15/10)(AFP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 14, In Thailand formed US Marine Dashawn Longfellow was beaten and stabbed to death following a brawl at a Phuket bar. In 2012 British kickboxer Lee Aldhouse was indicted for the stabbing.
    (SFC, 12/27/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/dynf6av)

2011        Aug 14, The hacker group known as Anonymous struck a Bay Area Rapid Transit website and released customer information in retaliation for BART’s decision to cut cellular phone service to prevent an antipolice protest in San Francisco. Hackers carried out a 2nd attack on Aug 17 breaching the website of the agency’s rank-and-file police.
    (SFC, 8/15/11, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 14, In eastern Afghanistan a team of six suicide bombers, some wearing explosive vests, stormed a provincial governor's compound, killing 22 people in the Parwan provincial capital of Charikar. 3 of the attackers were killed as they approached the governor's house. 16 of the dead were civilian Afghan government employees and 6 were policemen. A French soldier was killed by isolated fire during an operation in the northeast province of Kapisa.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Algeria a suicide bomber crashed a small truck apparently laden with explosives into a police station in Tizi Ouzou, the capital of the Kabylie region, injuring 29 people. Kabylie, the Berber capital, is the stronghold of al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb. On Aug 17 Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Bangladesh a group of influential villagers in Habiganj district voted that Ferdousi Akhter (35) should leave the community after she was accused of having an affair with a neighbor while her husband was working abroad. Akhter took her four children aged 8-12 and jumped with them in front of a train later in the day, killing herself and two of the children.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Cambodia a 6-year-old girl died from bird flu. She was the eighth person to die from the H5N1 flu virus this year in Cambodia.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 14, Canada's trade and agriculture ministers said Vietnam has lifted its eight-year-old ban on Canadian live breeding cattle, sheep and goats, becoming the first Asian country to do so since a 2003 discovery of mad cow disease.
    (Reuters, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Chinese state media said authorities in the northeastern port city of Dalian ordered a petrochemical plant be shut down after more than 12,000 people demonstrated over pollution concerns. Calls to relocate the plant grew after waves from Tropical Storm Muifa broke a dike guarding it on August 8 and raised fears that flood waters could release toxic chemicals. A gas blast in a coal mine killed 10 people in Panxian county in Guizhou province.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)(Econ, 8/20/11, p.41)
2011        Aug 14, In Honduras 2 peasants and 4 guards at the Paso del Aguan ranch died when 300 peasants armed with machetes and automatic rifles tried to take over the ranch. Police the next day found the bodies of five peasants in a trash dump near the ranch. They included 3 men and 2 women.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, An Indian naval ship closed in on a cargo ship, believed to have been hijacked and used to smuggle contraband in the eastern Arabian Sea. The "overwhelmed" crew did not offer any resistance. Automatic weapons were found on the ship. The crew included five Yemenis, two Tanzanians, one Kenyan and one Somalian.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, Bollywood superstar Shammi Kapoor (b.1931) died in Mumbai. The Indian movie star was featured in over 100 films including “Tumsa Nahin Dekha" (Never Seen Anyone Like You, 1957) and “Junglee" (1961).
    (Econ, 8/27/11, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shammi_Kapoor)
2011        Aug 14, In Iraq a pair of bombs hit an Iraqi army patrol in north Baghdad, killing five security personnel and injuring 10 other people.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Jersey a Polish man (30) 6 people in a frenzied stabbing spree, the deadliest crime in memory on the Channel Island. Damian Rzeszowski stabbed to death his wife Izabela Rzeszowska (30) their two children, Kinga (5) and Kacper (2) in a flat in the capital St Helier. He also killed his wife's father Marek Garstka (56) and her friend Marta Dominika De La Haye (34) and five-year-old daughter Julia Frances. On Aug 24, 2012, Rzeszowski was convicted of manslaughter. On Oct 29, 2012, he was sentenced to 30 years in prison for each murder with the sentences to run concurrently.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AFP, 8/25/11)(AP, 8/28/12)(AP, 10/29/12)
2011        Aug 14, In Jordan a reform committee presented constitutional changes to King Abdullah II, but activists said the changes do not go far enough. The 42 proposed changes included limiting the jurisdiction of military courts to only terrorism and espionage cases.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Libyan rebels and troops loyal to Moammar Gadhafi fought for control of Zawiya, a day after opposition forces pushed from the western mountains into the strategic city in their most dramatic advance in months. Rebel officials said they had captured the town of Gharyan, 50 miles (80 km) south of Tripoli, which sits on the supply road from southern Libya to the capital. Rebels said they also captured the town of Surman.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Mexico 8 people were killed in Acapulco. A grenade blast has killed one man and wounded a woman and two children in the Gulf coast city of Veracruz. A grenade tossed onto a busy tourist boulevard in the Gulf coast city of Veracruz killed one man and seriously wounded his wife and their two young children. The navy found objects belonging to 4 servicemen kidnapped earlier this month in a raid on a warehouse. Investigators later found four bodies in four pits on the outskirts of the state capital.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 14, Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi tested the limits of her freedom by taking her first political trip into the countryside since being released from house arrest.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Nepal's latest prime minister, Jhalnath Khanal, resigned after failing to make progress toward adopting a constitution during his six months in office.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Nepal hundreds of gay, lesbian, transgender people marched with supporters in the southern town of Narayanghat to demand equal rights under a new constitution the country is in the process of writing.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Nigeria attackers stabbed eight people to death in Jos, a central region beset by religious and ethnic tensions.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 14, In Pakistan a bomb attached to a timer ripped through a two-story hotel in Dera Allah Yar, Baluchistan province, reducing the building to rubble and killing 12 people. Elsewhere in Baluchistan, two gunmen riding a motorcycle killed a local journalist in the city of Khuzdar. Suspected militants fired rockets at a paramilitary base in Miran Shah, North Waziristan, during an independence day ceremony, killing 3 soldiers and wounding 23 others. A land mine killed 2 paramilitary soldiers and wounded 5 others on patrol in the Orakzai tribal area.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong said his government will seek to favor its citizens after a backlash against a surge in foreign workers. He also said the government will build 50,000 apartments during this year and next to help stabilize a spike in housing prices.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In eastern South Africa two planes carrying 13 people went missing. The wreckage was spotted from a helicopter on Aug 16 and there were no survivors.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 14, Syrian gunboats firing heavy machine guns pounded impoverished districts of Latakia, killing at least 19 people in a renewed assault on the Mediterranean coastal city. A health official said two law enforcement officials were killed in Latakia and 41 wounded in addition to a number of gunmen whose identities were not known.
    (AP, 8/14/11)
2011        Aug 14, In southern Yemen 17 al-Qaida-linked militants and three army soldiers have been killed in fighting over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2012        Aug 14, The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced the winners of its $100,000 Reinventing the Toilet Challenge. The winning toilet was developed by Michael Hoffman of the California Institute of Technology.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, TQ p.10)
2012        Aug 14, In California William Howard of Danville, a law enforcement whistleblower, was relieved from duty. He had cooperated in building a criminal case against former Deputy Sheriff Stephen Tanabe (49), who was indicted for making “dirty DUI arrests." Howard said his dismissal was retaliation for breaking the police code of silence. On Sep 3, 2013, Tanabe was convicted for his role in the DUI arrests. On Feb 19, 2014, Tanabe was sentenced to 15 months in federal prison.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/13, p.A8)(SFC, 2/20/14, p.D2)
2012        Aug 14, Remy Charlip (83), dancer and author of 38 children’s books, died in San Francisco. He was one of the co-founders of the Merce Cunningham Dance Company.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.C4)
2012        Aug 14, In Afghanistan suicide attacks involving as many as 14 bombers killed at least 27 people in Nimroz province. Police killed and captured several of them. A separate market bombing in Kunduz province, killed 10 people, including five children. In the east a car hit a roadside bomb killing 4 children in Paktika province. The day’s death toll reached 50 including 11 police and 39 civilians. At least 110 people were wounded in all the attacks.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 14, Argentine prosecutors put former president Fernando de la Rua (1999-2001) on trial for bribery, accusing him of bribing senators for votes in 2000 to weaken worker protections. De la Rua was found innocent on Dec 23, 2013.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(SFC, 12/24/13, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, In Argentina the world’s largest tango festival opened for a 2-week run in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, In Argentina subways began rolling again in Buenos Aires after union leaders suspended a 10-day strike, but their tentative deal depends on an unresolved power struggle between the mayor and the president.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Botswana the world's leading producer of diamonds De Beers began rough stone sorting, a first step in its transfer from London to Gaborone.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Britain’s Standard Chartered settled allegations that it helped Iranian clients dodge US sanctions, announcing a fine of $340 million from a New York banking watchdog. Standard Chartered also agreed to house a government anti-laundering monitor for two years at its New York branch.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 14, Britain’s Office for National Statistics said consumer price inflation inched up to 2.6 percent from 2.4 percent in June as prices for airfares soared and clothing retailers reined in seasonal discounts.
    (Reuters, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Chilean police broke up protests by students, who had taken control of several high schools in Santiago, demanding free education.
    (SFC, 8/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 14, Chinese police killed a fugitive armed robber and suspected serial killer dubbed China's most dangerous man, ending a huge manhunt. Zhou Kehua (42), suspected of killing nine people, spent eight years on the run before being shot dead in Chongqing.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egyptian Cabinet ministers and World Bank officials signed off on a $200 million project aimed at creating 250,000 jobs after more than a year of slow economic growth.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt's security forces exchanged fire with militants in the Sinai peninsula, as the military continued its campaign against Islamists in the lawless region.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt opened its border with Hamas-ruled Gaza for a 3-day period ahead of a major Muslim holiday this weekend, but imposed tight restrictions on who can travel and did not say whether it would resume normal border operations. From its side, Hamas also temporarily prevented access to the illegal underground tunnels in a show of goodwill toward Egypt.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Malaysia's PM Najib Razak said he would review a legal amendment that critics claim threatens free expression online after they staged a one-day "Internet blackout." NGOs, bloggers and opposition politicians staged the protest earlier in the day by replacing their homepages with black screens featuring messages attacking the new section of the Evidence Act, which went into effect in April despite widespread opposition.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In northern Nigeria 3 people were killed in a bomb blast on a Kaduna road leading to a mosque where a cleric had condemned the Islamist militant group Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Nigerian officials said flooding in central Plateau state caused by heavy rains has killed at least 33 people, with many others still missing, while also destroying homes, bridges and farmland.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Senegal 7 people including a baby died as heavy rains pounded the capital Dakar, causing partial home collapses.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Svetozar Gligoric (89), a legendary Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster, died in Belgrade. He was the national champion 12 times and one of the world's top players in the 20th century.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Syria activists reported clashes and shelling in the northern city of Aleppo, southern province of Daraa, suburbs of Damascus and the northwestern region of Idlib. Syria's PM Riad Hijab, who defected to the opposition, said that Bashar Assad's regime was near collapse and urged other political and military leaders to tip the scales and join the rebel side. In a video, said to have been released by rebels and aired by Arab satellite TV Al-Arabiya, a man identifies himself as Hassane Salim al-Mikdad, and says he was one of 1,500 Hezbollah fighters sent to Syria on Aug 3.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos arrived in Syria to address the "deteriorating humanitarian situation" in the conflict-ravaged country and discuss ways of scaling-up relief efforts.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Tunisia hundreds of protesters demonstrated against the ruling Islamist party during a general strike in Sidi Bouzid, hub of the 2011 uprising.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Vietnam hundreds of villagers stormed a local government office overnight, smashing furniture and seriously injuring two officials in connection with a land dispute.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 14, In Yemen troops from the elite Republican Guard force, led by the son of ousted president Saleh, attacked the headquarters of the defense ministry in Sanaa. The clashes killed one attacker, two ministry guards and two civilians.
    (AP, 8/14/12)

2013        Aug 14, In Alabama a UPS plane crashed near the Birmingham airport killing two pilots and scaterring wreckage over a rural area. Reliance on computer automation appeared to contribute to the crash.
    (SFC, 8/15/13, p.A6)(SFC, 2/21/14, p.A8)
2013        Aug 14, In San Francisco bicyclist Amelie Le Moullac (24) was fatally struck as a delivery truck struck her while turning right from Folsom St. onto Sixth. On Jan 15, 2015, a SF jury found the driver negligent and ordered his employer, Daylight foods of Milpitas, to pay $4 million to her family.
    (SFC, 1/16/15, p.D4)
2013        Aug 14, In Maryland US soldier Bradley Manning told a military court "I'm sorry" for giving war logs and diplomatic secrets to the WikiLeaks website three years ago, the biggest breach of classified data in the nation's history.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, In New Hampshire David Kwiatkowski, a traveling hospital technician, pleaded guilty to 14 charges of drug theft and tampering, along with two similar counts in Kansas. He was accused of infecting patients in multiple states with hepatitis C through tainted syringes. On Dec 2 he was sentenced to 39 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/15/13, p.A6)(SFC, 12/3/13, p.A8)
2013        Aug 14, Bahraini protesters clashed with riot police in neighborhoods around the capital. Stores shut their doors amid opposition calls for a general strike, but a tight security clampdown stopped large-scale demonstrations in the city.
    (AP, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, In Chile workers began a surprise strike at Escondida, the world's largest copper mine, over pay and working conditions.
    (AP, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, Typhoon Utor struck the south coast of China, forcing airlines to cancel flights and halting stock exchange trading in the financial center of Hong Kong after leaving a trail of destruction in the Philippines.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, Egyptian police in riot gear swept in with armored vehicles and bulldozers to clear two sprawling encampments of supporters of the country's ousted Islamist president in Cairo, showering protesters with tear gas as the sound of gunfire rang out. Over 600 people were killed. Clashes also broke out elsewhere in Cairo and other provinces across the country, with police stations, government buildings and churches attacked or set ablaze. Nobel Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei resigned late today as Egypt's interim vice president in protest — a blow to the new leadership's credibility with the pro-reform movement. 43 policemen were reported killed, 18 of them in Nasr City.
    (AP, 8/14/13)(AP, 8/15/13)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.19)
2013        Aug 14, India’s finance officials tightened capital controls to stop locals from taking money out of the country.
    (Econ, 8/24/13, p.12)
2013        Aug 14, In Iraq twin roadside bombs exploded in Baquba, killing 14 people and wounding 26.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators reconvened for US-brokered peace talks in Jerusalem amid little fanfare and low expectations.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, Kazakhstan’s Supreme Court sentenced six men 5-10 years for  conspiring to assassinate government officials in Astana. They were arrested last January. The court said one had trained his under-age Muslim wife as a suicide bomber to detonate a charge.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, The Nigerian military said its soldiers have killed two top commanders of the Islamist sect Boko Haram during a four-hour gun battle in northeast Adamawa state. Police said Mohammad Bama and Abubakar Zakariya Yau, arrested last week, died in a gun battle that erupted after they took army officers to show them their hideout in Mubi. Several other sect members were also killed.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, North and South Korea agreed to restart the joint Kaesong industrial park after a series of talks on the fate of the last symbol of economic cooperation.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, In Somalia the international medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) began closing all its local humanitarian operations because of attacks on its staff.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)
2013        Aug 14, In Switzerland British stuntman Mark Sutton (42) was killed during a gathering organized by Online extreme sports involving 20 wingsuit pilots who were filmed as they jumped from helicopters.
    (AP, 8/15/13)

2014        Aug 14, In Arizona Michelle Cusseaux (50), was slain by a single bullet in the threshold of her Phoenix apartment after threatening officers with a claw hammer. Officers were serving an emergency court order to take her to a mental health care facility.
    (Reuters, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 14, Missouri's governor moved to calm days of racially charged protests over the police shooting of an unarmed black teenager, naming an African-American captain of the Highway Patrol to oversee security in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, New Hampshire Governor Maggie Hassan declared a state of emergency in response to 44 reported overdoses linked to people smoking or ingesting "Smacked," a synthetic marijuana-like product sold in convenience stores as potpourri.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In New Hampshire Seth Mazzaglia (31) was sentenced to life in prison for the Oct 9, 2012, rape and murder of college student Elizabeth Marriott (19) of Westborough, Mass. Kathryn McDonough, his former girlfriend and key witness, had testified that she had lured Marriott to their apartment as a sexual offering to her then boyfriend.
    (SFC, 8/15/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 14, Texas Gov. Rick Perry deployed some 1,000 National Guard troops to the border with Mexico.
    (AFP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 14, In Afghanistan roadside bomb has stuck a police car in eastern Laghman province, killing 3 officers in Badpakh district. Four policemen were also wounded in the explosion. The Taliban executed five people in a busy opium market in southern Helmand province and left their bodies hanging overnight after accusing them of kidnapping a businessman. More than half of Afghanistan's opium is produced in Helmand. Around 90 percent of the world's heroin is produced in Afghanistan and last year's crop was the highest on record.
    (AP, 8/14/14)(Reuters, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 14, It was reported that a drought in the Sao Paulo, Brazil, the worst in 84 years, has forced local authorities to put water pumps below the gates of the main reservoir for the 2nd time this years.
    (SFC, 8/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 14, In China 23 workers were trapped after a coal mine flooded at the Anzhishun Coal Mine in Jixi City, Heilongjiang province.
    (SFC, 8/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 14, Colombia’s Pres. Juan Manuel Santos said he is endorsing the legalization of marijuana for medical and therapeutic use.
    (SFC, 8/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 14, Egypt 4 Islamist protesters and a policeman were shot dead in Cairo, one year after government forces killed hundreds of demonstrators in the worst bloodshed in Egypt's recent history. 30 members of the Brotherhood were arrested for rioting.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 14, Agricultural officials from all 28 European Union countries began emergency talks to weigh the impact of Russia's ban on Western food imports and whether to compensate EU farmers.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In Haiti supporters of former Pres. Jean-Paul Aristide clashed with UN peacekeepers as he faced possible arrest for not providing court-ordered testimony in a criminal investigation.
    (SFC, 8/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 14, Hong Kong's Law Society passed an historic vote of no-confidence in its president over pro-Beijing comments, revealing a determination by the traditionally conservative lawyers to confront perceived threats from China to the legal independence in the free-wheeling, global financial hub.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 14, An Indian court sentenced the man convicted of killing India's "bandit queen" Phoolan Devi to life imprisonment. Devi (38) was gunned down in broad daylight in 2001. Sher Singh Rana was convicted last week after a trial that had dragged on for more than a decade.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In Iraq Nuri al-Maliki finally stepped down as prime minister under heavy pressure from allies at home and abroad late today. US jets and drones launched more air strikes in northern Iraq to destroy vehicles operated by extremist fighters from the so-called Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 14, Israel and militants in Gaza held their fire after a new truce got off to a shaky start, with night-time Palestinian rocket fire followed by Israeli air strikes.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, Lebanon charged 43 Syrians, including an Islamist commander whose arrest sparked five days of fighting between Islamists and the Lebanese army, with belonging to armed terrorist groups and seeking to establish an Islamic emirate.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, The Moroccan interior ministry said it has dismantled a network responsible for recruiting jihadists and sending them to fight in Syria and Iraq for the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In Morocco some 250 African migrants tried to leap a triple-layer border fence around Spain's north African territory of Melilla but only one person made it through.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In the Netherlands Amsterdam Mayor Eberhard van der Laan said the controversial winter holiday character Black Pete would change in appearance over the next four years to make him less of an offensive racial figure and eventually just resemble someone who has climbed through a chimney.
    (SFC, 8/15/14, p.A5)
2014        Aug 14, In Pakistan thousands of anti-government protesters began a march to Islamabad, from the eastern city of Lahore. Two protest groups, one led by cricketer-turned-opposition politician Imran Khan, the other by activist cleric Tahir ul-Qadri, headed to the capital to demand that a government they condemn as corrupt step down. 11 Taliban-linked militants were killed and 13 members of the Pakistani security forces were wounded in attacks on two air force bases in the strategic city of Quetta.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)(Reuters, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 14, Pope Francis arrived in South Korea for a 5-day visit and left the airport in a compact black Kia that many South Koreans would consider too humble a conveyance for a globally powerful figure. He called for renewed efforts to forge peace on the war-divided Korean Peninsula and for both sides to avoid "fruitless" criticisms and shows of force.
    (AP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, South Korea’s Korean Air Lines Co. said will suspend flights to Kenya in a measure to prevent the spread of Ebola.
    (AP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, Syrian government troops captured Mleiha, a fiercely contested suburb of Damascus, after five months of heavy fighting.
    (AP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, The Ukrainian parliament approved a law to impose sanctions on Russian companies and individuals supporting and financing separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In eastern Ukraine artillery shells hit close to the center of Donetsk for the first time, killing at least one person. Kiev repeated that a Russian aid convoy could not enter until Ukrainian authorities had cleared its cargo. Shelling over the last 24 hours killed at least 22 residents in the besieged rebel-held bastion of Lugansk. Valery Bolotov, head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic, announced his resignation, saying he was injured and could not carry on in his role. Igor Strelkov (aka Igor Girkin), an alleged Russian intelligence colonel, quit as a key rebel chief.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)(AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, Ukrainian hackers hostile to the government claimed to have launched a cyber-attack against the websites of Poland's presidency and the Warsaw Stock Exchange.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, The UN health agency said the death toll from the worst outbreak of Ebola in four decades had now climbed to 1,069 in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. The WHO said the scale of the Ebola epidemic has been vastly underestimated and that "extraordinary measures" were needed to contain the killer disease.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)

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