Today in History - August 15

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  Buddhist Day of the Dead. When a man went to Buddha, bereaved over a friend's death, Buddha said throw a party. Buddhists hold carnivals on this day.
 (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.B1)
  National Relaxation Day.
 (HFA, '96, p.36)

636        Aug 15, At the Battle at Yarmuk, east of the Sea of Galilee, Islamic forces beat a Byzantine army and gained control of Syria.
    (PC, 1992, p.61)

778        Aug 15, At the Battle at Roncesvalles the Basques beat Charlemagne.
    (PC, 1992, p.67)

1040        Aug 15, In Scotland Donnchad led an army into Moray, where he was killed by Mac Bethad at Pitgaveny near Elgin.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macbeth_of_Scotland)

1057        Aug 15, Macbeth, the King of Scotland, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Lumphanan, by Malcolm Canmore, the eldest son of King Duncan I, who was killed by Macbeth 17 years earlier.
    (AP, 8/15/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macbeth_of_Scotland)

1261        Aug 15, Constantinople fell to Michael VIII of Nicea and his army.
    (HN, 8/15/98)

1519        Aug 15, Panama City was founded.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1534        Aug 15, St. Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish ecclesiastic, founded the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in Paris with the aim of defending Catholicism against heresy and undertaking missionary work. Ignatius converted to Christianity while convalescing after a battle and wrote his Spiritual Exercises meant as a guide for conversion. In Paris, Ignatius and a small group of men took vows of poverty, chastity and papal obedience. Ignatius formally organized the order in 1539 that was approved by the pope in 1540. The society‘s rapid growth and emphasis on scholarship aided in the resurgence of Catholicism during the Counter-Reformation. The Jesuits were also active in missionary work in Asia, Africa and the Americas.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.14)(HNQ, 1/13/01)(MC, 8/15/02)

1537        Aug 15, Juan de Salazar, Spanish pioneer, founded Asuncion, the capital of Paraguay.
     (SFEC, 1/12/97, Z3 p.4)(PC, 1992, p.181)

1548        Aug 15, Mary Queen of the Scots (6), who was engaged to the Dauphin, landed in France.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.17)(MC, 8/15/02)

1549        Aug 15, Francis Xavier, Portuguese Jesuit missionary, landed in Kagoshima, Japan, and began spreading the Catholic faith there.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(ON, 11/02, p.8)(MC, 8/15/02)(AP, 1/28/14)

1598        Aug 15, Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, led an Irish force to victory over the British at Battle of Yellow Ford.
    (HN, 8/15/98)

1649        Aug 15, Oliver Cromwell landed in Ireland with his New Model Army on behalf of England's Rump Parliament.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cromwellian_conquest_of_Ireland)

1665        Aug 15-22, The London weekly "Bill of Mortality" recorded 5,568 fatalities with teeth holding the no. 5 spot. 4,237 were killed by the plague.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.7)

1688        Aug 15, Frederick-William I, king of Prussia (1713-1740), was born.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1748        Aug 15, United Lutheran Church of US was organized.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1760        Aug 15, Frederick II (1712-1786), king of Prussia, defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Liegnitz.
    (HN, 8/15/98)(WUD, 1994, p.565)

1769        Aug 15, Napoleon Bonaparte (d.1821), Emperor of France (1804-1813, 1814-1815) and continental Europe, was born on the island of Corsica.
    (WUD, 1994, p.950)(AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/02)(MC, 8/15/02)

1771        Aug 15, Sir Walter Scott (d.1832), Scottish novelist who wrote "Ivanhoe" and "Rob Roy," was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1281)(HN, 8/15/98)

1785        Aug 15, Thomas De Quincey, English writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater), was born.
    (MC, 8/15/02)
1785        Aug 15, French Cardinal De Rohan (51), Bishop of Strasbourg, was arrested in the affair of the diamond necklace. He was accused of forging the queen’s signature to gain possession of a necklace containing 647 diamonds. In 2014 Jonathan Beckman authored “How to Ruin a Queen: Marie Antoinette, the Stolen Diamonds, and the Scandal that Shook the French Throne."
    (PC, 1992, p.335)(Econ, 7/12/14, p.76)

1795        Aug 15, Franz Joseph Haydn left England for the last time.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1824        Aug 15, General Lafayette returned to the US under an invitation from Pres. Monroe. Political ribbons were printed in for the 1st time in large quantities to celebrate his US tour.
    (http://friendsoflafayette.org/data/timeline.html)

1824        Aug 15, Freed American slaves formed the country of Liberia.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1828        Aug 15, In San Francisco the daughter (5) and son (1) of Presidio soldier Ignacio Olivas were killed as he and his wife attended a dance party near Mission Dolores. Suspicion fell on fellow soldier Francisco Rubio, who was found guilty and executed on August 1, 1831. Rubio claimed innocence to the end.
    (SFC, 4/4/15, p.D1)

1843        Aug 15, National black convention met in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 8/15/02)
1843        Aug 15, The Tivoli Gardens opened in Copenhagen.
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T8)(MC, 8/15/02)

1846        Aug 15, The first California newspaper, the “Californian" of Monterey, was issued by Walter Colton and Robert Semple. It was written half in English and half in Spanish. It was printed on the state’s first press, an old Ramage model from Boston, that had arrived in 1834. The paper moved to San Francisco in 1847.
    (SFEC, 3/8/8, BR p.6)(SFC, 7/12/14, p.C1)

1848        Aug 15, M. Waldo Hanchett patented a dental chair.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1861        Aug 15, Lincoln directed reinforcements to be sent to Missouri.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1864        Aug 15, The Confederate raider Tallahassee captured six Federal ships off New England.
    (HN, 8/15/98)

1865        Aug 15, Sir Joseph Lister discovered the antiseptic process. [see Sep 1]
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1872        Aug 15, The first secret ballot voting in England was conducted to re-elect Hugh Childers as MP for Pontefract in a ministerial by-election following his appointment as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. [see July 18]
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ballot_Act_1872)

1876        Aug 15, US law removed Indians from Black Hills after gold find. Sioux leaders Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull led their warriors to protect their lands from invasion by prospectors following the discovery of gold. This led to the Great Sioux Campaign staged from Fort Laramie. Gold was discovered in Deadwood in the Dakota territory by Quebec brothers Fred and Moses Manuel. The mine was incorporated in California on Nov 5, 1877, as the Homestake Mining Company.
    (HT, 3/97, p.43)(WSJ, 1/5/00, p.CA1)(MC, 8/15/02)

1885        Aug 15, Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (d.1912), composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), was born in London, England.
    (www.classical-composers.org)

1887        Aug 15, Edna Ferber (d.1968), American novelist, short-story writer and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), was born. The "Ice Palace" is a 1950s Ferber novel inspired by the Northward Building in Fairbanks, Alaska. "There are only two kinds of people in the world that really count. One kind’s wheat and the other kind’s emeralds."
     (WUD, 1994, p.523)(AP, 3/14/98)(MC, 8/15/02)

1888        Aug 15, The British soldier T.E. Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia for his military exploits against the Turks in World War I, was born in Tremadoc, Wales.
    (AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/98)

1890        Aug 15, Jacques Ibert, composer (Escales), was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1899        Aug 15, Henry Ford (36) quit his job with the Edison Illuminating Company. He soon found backers and started the Detroit Automobile Company, with himself as chief engineer.
    (ON, 3/03, p.1)

1906        Aug 15, The 1st freight delivery tunnel system began underneath Chicago.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1907        Aug 15, Joseph Joachim (76), German violinist, composer, died.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1910        Aug 15, Hugo Winterhalter, composer, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1911        Aug 15, Procter and Gamble unveiled its Crisco shortening.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1912        Aug 15, Julia Child (d.2004), American chef and television personality, was born as Julia Carolyn McWilliams in Pasadena, Calif. Her 90th B-day party was held in SF on Aug 1, 2002.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, BR p.5)(SFC, 10/20/99, Z1p.4)(HN, 8/15/00)(SFCM, 9/1/02, p.33)

1914        Aug 15, Mamah Borthwick Cheney, the mistress of Frank Lloyd Wright, was axed to death along with her 2 children and 4 others by a crazed servant at Wright’s rural Taliesin home. Wright restored the house, which was set aflame in the rampage. The house was ravaged by fire again in 1925 and again restored by Wright.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, DB p.48)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.92)(http://tinyurl.com/4w943ss)
1914        Aug 15, The Panama Canal opened to traffic. The Panama Canal, a 52-mile waterway, was completed. Some 5,000 workers, just 350 of them white, perished in the American effort. In 1977 David McCullough authored "The Path Between the Seas," a definitive account of the building of the Panama Canal. In 2009 Julie Greene authored “The Canal Builders: Making America’s Empire at the Panama Canal."
    (WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A11)(SFEC, 11/3/96, p.A16)(HN, 8/15/98)(WSJ, 10/17/02, p.A18)(SFC, 3/3/09, p.E10)
1914        Aug 15, Lt. Charles de Gaulle (24) was injured during a German assault at Dinant.
    (MC, 8/15/02)
1914        Aug 15, Anatol K. Liadov (59), Russian composer (Baba Yaga), died.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1915        Aug 9, Aviator Charles Niles (1888-1916) and his aircraft plunged into the SF Bay. Niles, who had become internationally famous for his work in the aerial war corps of General Carranza in Mexico, survived the crash.
    (SSFC, 8/9/15, DB p.46)(http://earlyaviators.com/eniles.htm)

1918        Aug 15, Russia severed diplomatic ties with US.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1921        Aug 15, The US Congress passed the Packer and Stockyards Act. The Act's purpose was to "regulate interstate and foreign commerce in live stock, live-stock produce, dairy products, poultry, poultry products, and eggs, and for other purposes."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Packers_and_Stockyards_Act)

1922        Aug 15, Lukas Foss, [Fuchs], composer (Prairie), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1923        Aug 15, Simon Peres [Persky], premier of Israel, was born in Belarus.
    (www.ourcampaigns.com/CandidateDetail.html?CandidateID=30248)
1923        Aug 15, Eamon de Valera was arrested in Irish Free State.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1924        Aug 15, Robert Oxton Bolt, English screenwriter and playwright, was born. He is best known for "A Man for all Seasons."
    (HN, 8/15/00)(MC, 8/15/02)

1931        Aug 15, Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst. secretary.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1933        Aug 15, Drug Inc., and Int'l. shoe were removed from the DJIA. Corn Products Refining and United Aircraft were added.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1935        Aug 15, Humorist Will Rogers (55), American comedian and "cowboy philosopher," and aviation pioneer Wiley Post (36) were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska. Rogers once said: "Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there."
    (AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/98)(MC, 8/15/02)

1938        Aug 15, Maxine Waters, congresswoman from California, second African-American woman to be elected to congress, was born.
    (HN, 8/15/98)
1938        Aug 15, Former SF Supervisor Andrew J. Gallagher, representing the directors of Agricultural District 1-A, said the “Int’l. Live Stock Show Pavilion" will hereafter be called “The Cow Palace." The new building in Daly City opened in 1941.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, DB p.42)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A11)

1939        Aug 15, The MGM musical "The Wizard of Oz" premiered at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
    (AP, 8/15/97)

1940        Aug 15, In the largest–scale raids in the history of aerial warfare, hundreds of Germany planes struck against London and its suburbs. Hitler’s planned Operation Sea Lion was to have commenced on this day. However it was cancelled on Aug 17 following heavy German air raid losses. In 2008 Michael Korda authored “With Wings Like Eagles: A History of the Battle of Britain."
    (WSJ, 1/9/09, p.W10)

1941        Aug 15, Lithuanian Jews in Kaunas were herded into the Slobodka ghetto.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1942        Aug 15, The Japanese submarine I-25 departed Japan with a floatplane in its hold. It was assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the US, and used to bomb U.S. forests.
    (HN, 8/15/99)

1943        Aug 15, Allies landed on Kiska in the Aleutians.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1944        Aug 15, Linda Ellerbee, newscaster (Weekend, NBC Overnight), was born in Bryan, Texas.
    (MC, 8/15/02)
1944        Aug 15, The American 7th Army, British and French forces landed on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon. The amphibious landing was met with minimal resistance.
    (PCh, 1992, p.888)(AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/98)(SFC, 9/11/00, p.A22)

1945        Aug 15, Gasoline and fuel oil rationing ended in the United States.
    (HN, 8/15/98)
1945        Aug 15, A riot ensued in San Francisco while the city was celebrating the end of WW II. Three days of rioting left 13 dead, at least six women raped and over 1,000 people injured. 90 percent of the revelers were said to be young Navy enlistees who had not served overseas.
    (SFC, 8/15/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/15/15, p.C1)
1945        Aug 15, Emperor Hirohito announced to his subjects in a pre-recorded radio address that Japan had accepted terms of surrender for ending World War II. This day was proclaimed "V-J Day" by the Allies, a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally. At 7 p.m. reporters gathered in the Oval Office to hear President Harry S. Truman announce the unconditional surrender of Japan.
    (HNPD, 8/13/98)(AP, 8/15/07)
1945        Aug 15, Korea was liberated after nearly 40 years of Japanese colonial rule, but it soon faced the tragic division of the North and South along the 38th parallel.
    (www.koreanconsulate.on.ca/en/?mnu=a06b03)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A9)

1947        Aug 15, India gained independence after some 200 years of British rule. Britain partitioned the subcontinent. Prior to independence, 565 princes ruled a third of India. After independence the government let the royals retain their titles and assets in return for incorporating their principalities into the new nation. The 664 princely states of India were given the choice of which country they wanted to join. Although most of the people of Kashmir were Muslim, the maharaja was Hindu and he appealed to India for help. Independence in Pakistan and India led to bloody conflicts and thousands died. In 1999 Fareed Zakaria published "Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India." In 2006 David Gilmour authored “The Ruling Caste," an account of Britain’s Indian Civil Service (ICS).
    (WSJ, 1/9/95, A-8)(WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 8/15/97)(SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)(WSJ, 1/29/99, p.W7)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.D8)

1948        Aug 15, The Republic of Korea (South Korea) declared independence.
    (AP, 8/15/97)(Econ, 9/27/08, SR p.16)

1950        Aug 15, Two U.S. divisions were badly mauled by the North Korean Army at the Battle of the Bowling Alley in South Korea, which raged on for five more days.
    (HN, 8/15/98)
1950        Aug 15, A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1951        Aug 15, Artur Schnabel (b.1882), Austrian born US pianist (Reflections on Music), died in Switzerland.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1953        Aug 15, In Iran a CIA plot, masterminded by Kermit Roosevelt, to unseat PM Mossadeq failed. A 2nd attempt succeeded on August 19.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.92)

1954        Aug 15, Alfredo Stroessner (b.1912) named himself president of Paraguay. This ended a 27-year chaotic period in which 22 presidents came and went.
    (SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)

1957        Aug 15, The musical "West Side Story," composed by Leonard Bernstein and based on a concept by Jerome Robbins, first opened in Washington D.C. The story was by Arthur Laurents (1917-2011) and the lyrics were by Stephen Sondheim.
    (SFEM, 5/23/99, p.18)(SSFC, 5/8/11, p.D9)

1960        Aug 15, Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declared Independence from France.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1961        Aug 15, East German workers began building the Berlin Wall. [see Aug 12]
    (AP, 8/15/01)

1962        Aug 15, Shady Grove Baptist Church was burned in Leesburg, Georgia.
    (MC, 8/15/02)
1962        Aug 15, US Pvt. James Joseph Dresnok (21) defected to North Korea. His wife had recently divorced him and he faced a court-martial. A British film crew met with Dresnok in 2004. A documentary about his defection, "Crossing the Line," was released in 2006 and made it to DVD in 2008.
    (SFC, 8/16/04, p.A5)(AFP, 1/29/07)(http://tinyurl.com/m59l5v)
1962        Aug 15, Lei Feng (b.1940), a Chinese revolutionary soldier, died after being hit by a falling telephone pole. Mao Zedong recognized Lei Feng for his humble heroism, said to include washing his comrades' uniforms and giving his pay to the needy. A government publicity campaign later used him as a model to promote selflessness.
    (WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lei_Feng)(AFP, 3/9/12)

1964        Aug 15, A race riot took place in Dixmoor, a suburb of Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1965        Aug 15, Beatles played to 55,000 at Shea Stadium.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1968        Aug 15, Pirate Radio Free London began transmitting.
    (http://radio.eric.tripod.com/in_breach_of_the_law.htm)

1969        Aug 15, The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York. 400,000 young people gathered at Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in the Bethel hamlet of White Lake, N.Y. for the Woodstock music festival. Wavy Gravy (Hugh Romney) and companions from the Hog Farm Commune ran a free kitchen and "bad trips tent." The performers included Joan Baez; Crosby, Stills and Nash; Creedence Clearwater; the Grateful Dead; Jimi Hendrix; the Jefferson Airplane; Janis Joplin; Canned Heat and Ravi Shankar.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1969)(SFC,5/17/96,p.E-1)(WSJ,10/22/96,p.A20)(SFEC,1/26/97, p.A14)(AP, 8/15/97)(SFC,10/27/97, p.C2)

1970        Aug 15, A ferryboat named the M.V. Golden Gate made its maiden voyage from San Francisco to Sausalito marking a revival of ferry service on San Francisco Bay. It was retired from service on March 26, 2004. The Golden Gate Bus and Ferry Transit system began operating with one ferry and 4 leased busses. Ferry service to Sausalito was inaugurated. The ferryboat Golden Gate was retired in 2004.
    (www.goldengateferry.org/researchlibrary/history.php)(SFC, 12/2/99, p.A36)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A1)

1971        Aug 15, Pres. Nixon suspended conversion of dollars to gold and imposed a 90-day price, wage and rents freeze and 10% import charge. He also cut various taxes and expenditures. This became known as the “Nixon Shock" and marked the end of the gold standard and fixed exchange rates. The Bretton Woods agreement, that defined the post World War II economic environment, collapsed under the weight of US deficit spending. In the wake of this exchange rates were allowed to float under the watchful eye of central bankers.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-44)(WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A12)(AP, 8/15/97)(WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 3/27/10, p.86)
1971        Aug 15, Bahrain proclaimed independence after 110 years of British rule. December 16, 1971, is the date of independence from British protection.
    (http://ixpats.com/bahrain.html)

1972        Aug 15, In Argentina 22 members of guerrilla groups escaped from prison in the city of Rawson and took over the airport in nearby Trelew, about 800 miles south of Buenos Aires. Military forces guarding the airport managed to arrest 19, while three escaped by plane to Chile. 19 guerrillas were transferred to the base Almirante Zar. On August 22 they were machine-gunned in their cells. Alberto Camps, Mary Berger and Ricardo Haidar survived the attack and reported the crime, only to disappear in the late 1970s during the military dictatorship that lasted from 1976 to 1983. In 2008 federal police arrested two retired military officers in connection with the massacre of the 16 leftist guerrillas. In 1973 journalist Tomas Eloy Martínez authored “The Passion According to Trelew." It was banned by the Argentine dictatorship.
    (AP, 2/10/08)(www.bither-terry.org/latinamerica/?cat=20)
1972        Aug 15, The Italian town of Grazie di Curtatone began its Int’l. Street Painting Festival. This revived a 16th century practice by itinerant artists who traveled from village to village for religious and folk festivals.
    (WSJ, 5/16/06, p.D6)

1974        Aug 15, South Korean President Park Chung-hee escaped an assassination attempt in which his wife was killed. Park’s daughter took over as 1st lady.
    (AP, 8/15/97)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.44)

1975          Aug 15, Bangladesh army officers killed Sheik Mujibar Rahman, the country's founding leader and father of Hasina Wajed. A total of 20 people, including domestic staff, were killed when the group of officers stormed his house. General Ziaur Rahman, father of Khaleda Zia, became the military ruler. Rahman had introduced a one-party socialist system and assumed almost dictatorial powers. In 1997 the government charged two people with his assassination. In 1998 15 men were found guilty and sentenced to death. Three were acquitted in 2001. Of the remaining 12, five appealed the verdict to the Supreme Court, six are in hiding and one is believed to have died in Zimbabwe. In 2010 the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence for five killers.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A9)(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A14)(SFC, 4/7/97, p.A10)(AFP, 1/27/10)

1976        Aug 15, Former SS Colonel Herbert Kappler dramatically escaped from prison hospital in Rome with the aid of his wife and taken to Germany.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yvulbh)

1977        Aug 15, Police in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, found Mary Parsh (58) and her daughter, Brenda (27), lying nude side by side on a bed at home, their hands tied behind their backs. Each had been shot in the head. In 2007 Timothy Krajcir (63), a graduate from Southern Illinois with a degree in law enforcement, confessed to their rape and murder and at least 4 more. He was sentenced to 40 years in prison for the 1982 killing of a Southern Illinois University Carbondale student, Deborah Sheppard. and, in addition, was charged with five counts of murder and three counts of rape against women in the Cape Girardeau, Missouri, area from 1977 to 1982. In 2008, Krajcir pleaded guilty and was sentenced to another 40 years in prison for the 1978 killing of Marion resident Virginia Lee Witte.
    (AP, 12/12/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Krajcir)

1980        Aug 15, George Manuel Bosque (25) reportedly abandoned his armored truck at the SF Airport Hilton Hotel, stole a car at gunpoint, and vanished with over $1.8 million in cash. 2 days later he sent an envelope with $20,000 to SF Police officer Lou Vance to pay off a business deal. Bosque was caught on November 23, 1981 and pleaded not guilty before a Federal Judge on November 24, 1981.
    (SFC, 8/12/05, p.F3)(http://tinyurl.com/ebwtd)

1985        Aug 15, The Assam Accord was signed between Rajiv Gandhi and Assamese nationalists. A Congress government led by Hiteshwar Saikia, widely viewed in Assam as illegitimate, was dissolved as part of the terms of the Assam Accord. Under the accord the government promised to identify and deport people who had crossed the border since the creation of Bangladesh in 1971, but the promise went unfulfilled.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ypjjgw)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.60)
1985        Aug 15, Iraq launched its first air raid on Iran’s Kharg oil-island.
    (www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/iraqchron.html)

1987        Aug 15, Thousands of people marched past the grave of Elvis Presley in Memphis, Tenn., as they began an all-night vigil marking the 10th anniversary of his death.
    (AP, 8/15/97)

1988         Aug 15, President Reagan bade a sentimental farewell on the first night of the Republican national convention in New Orleans, and praised the man destined to succeed him, Vice President George Bush.
    (AP, 8/15/98)

1989        Aug 15, In NYC Darryl Rush was shot to death. Jonathan Fleming, a friend of Rush, was later arrested and convicted, despite proof that he was in Disney World on vacation. On April 8, 2014, Fleming (51) was released from jail and cleared of the murder charges.
    (SFC, 4/9/14, p.A4)
1989        Aug 15, F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as acting president of South Africa, one day after P.W. Botha resigned as the result of a power struggle within the National Party.
    (AP, 8/15/99)

1990        Aug 15, In an attempt to gain support against the US-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy Iran.
    (AP, 8/15/00)

1991        Aug 15, Some 750,000 attended Paul Simon's free concert in Central Park. The event was recorded and became available on video.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rdhv8)
1991        Aug 15, The UN Security Council, by a vote of 13-to-one, authorized Iraq to export one-point-six billion dollars’ worth of oil in a tightly controlled sale to pay for desperately needed food and medicine.
    (AP, 8/15/01)

1992        Aug 15, While Republicans gathered in Houston for their national convention, President Bush spent the weekend at Camp David, his renomination secure.
    (AP, 8/15/97)
1992        Aug 15, Giorgio Perlasca, Italian anti-fascist (saved 5,200 Jews), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_)

1993        Aug 15, Pope John Paul II ended his four-day U.S. visit with a farewell address at Denver's Stapleton International Airport in which he denounced the "culture of death" of abortion and euthanasia.
    (AP, 8/15/98)
1993        Aug 15, An Egyptian surrendered peacefully after hijacking a Dutch jet to Germany to demand the U.S. release Muslim cleric Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman.
    (AP, 8/15/98)
1993        Aug 15, Robert W. Kempner (93), German officer of justice in Prussia and special US prosecutor of Nazis, died.
    (http://library.law.columbia.edu/ttp/TTP_LOC.htm)

1994        Aug 15, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal," was jailed in France after being captured in Sudan. By his own count he had killed 83 people before being captured. Bernard Violet is the author of “Carlos - The Secret networks of Int’l. Terrorism."
    (AP, 8/15/97)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2,4)
1994        Aug 15, Shepherd Mead (80), author, died of stroke In London, England. His 1951 novel “How to Succeed at Business Without Really Trying" was made into a 1961 Broadway musical.
    (www.inthe90s.com/generated/obit1994.shtml)

1995        Aug 15, The Justice Department agreed to pay 3.1 million dollars to white separatist Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over the killing of Weaver’s wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal agents at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.   
    (AP, 8/15/04)(AP, 8/15/00)
1995        Aug 15, The St. John Baptist Church in Lexington Co., S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Aug 15, John Cameron Swayze (89), pioneering TV journalist and Timex watch pitchman, died in Sarasota, Fla.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

1996        Aug 15, Bob Dole claimed the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in San Diego, offering himself as the "bridge to a time of tranquility" and describing himself as "the most optimistic man in America." Jack Kemp became the Republican Party vice-presidential nominee.
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A1)(AP, 8/15/97)
1996        Aug 15, A botulism outbreak began killing birds at the Salton Sea in California. The sea is 278 feet below sea level and is now 10% more salty than the Pacific Ocean. Extensive pollution with sewage from Mexico and pesticides from farms in the Coachella valley plagued the big lake.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, p.D8)(SFC, 9/3/96, p.A18)
1996        Aug 15, Frederick Davidson, a graduate student at San Diego State University, shot and killed three engineering professors; he was later sentenced to three life terms in prison.
    (AP, 8/15/97)
1996        Aug 15, In Algeria armed militants killed 17 passengers on a bus using a fake police barricade on a remote highway.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A9)
1996        Aug 15, In Belgium two kidnapped girls were rescued by police just days following the arrest of Marc Doutroux. [see Aug 13]
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A14)
1996        Aug 15, In Nigeria 27 of the 30 governors were sacked by Sani Abacha. The other 3 were transferred to other states.
    (WSJ, 8/16/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 15, In South Korea some 6,000 police clashed with 7,000 students who protested for reunification with North Korea and the removal of 37,000 US troops.
    (SFC, 8/16/96, p.A17)

1997        Aug 15, The US government expanded its recall of ground beef sold under the Hudson brand name to 1.1 million pounds because of new evidence of possible contamination by E. coli bacteria.
    (AP, 8/15/98)
1997        Aug 15, The Justice Department decided not to prosecute senior FBI officials in connection with an alleged cover-up that followed the deadly 1992 Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho.
    (AP, 8/15/98)
1997        Aug 15, The Dow Jones dropped 247 points in its 2nd biggest point loss session ending at 7,694.66.
    (SFC, 8/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 15, In Louisiana a self-defense law, passed in June, that permits motorists to use deadly force in a car-jacking incident took effect.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 15, Beginning today couples seeking marriage in Louisiana were given the choice between a traditional or a covenant marriage. The covenant marriage, designed to make divorce much more difficult, required counseling and a 2-year cooling off period.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A6)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.31)
1997        Aug 15, Researchers from the Univ. of New Hampshire reported that the spanking of children causes long-term behavioral problems.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 15, Scientists at Geron corp. reported that an "immortality gene" had been cloned. The key gene carries the code for a key section of the enzyme telomerase, that rebuilds the telomere of DNA. It could lead to new cancer-prevention drugs and even be used to slow the process of aging.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A1,17)(SFC, 8/16/97, p.D1)
1997        Aug 15, From Argentina it was reported that the country would issue bonds to pay indemnities to the relatives and descendants of the 1970s "dirty war." As many as 30,000 people disappeared and about 8,000 families have applied for payments authorized at $224,000 per victim.
    (WSJ, 8/15/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 15, In Bosnia the high court ruled that Pres. Biljana Plavsic had no right to disband the Parliament. Plavsic announced the formation of a new political party, the Serb National Union.
    (SFC, 8/16/97, p.A10)
1997        Aug 15, In Columbia ten woodcutters were killed by a gang of hooded gunmen near the town of Retiro in Antioquia province.
    (SFC, 8/16/97, p.C1)
1997        Aug 15, From Egypt it was reported that a nurse in Alexandria, Aida Nur el-Din, had killed at least 18 patients so that she would not be disturbed at night.
    (SFC, 8/16/97, p.C1)
1997        cAug 15, In Mexico the Saba family’s 22% stake in Television Azteca SA was sold through an IPO. The family led by Isaac Saba Raffoul was reputed to have a cash equivalent of a billion dollars with the sale.
    (WSJ, 8/22/97, p.A10)

1998        Aug 15, Some 34,000 union workers went on strike against US West.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A7)
1998        Aug 15, In Britain it was reported that 6,000 mink from a fur farm in Ringworm had been released by animal rights activists. The released mink caused a wildlife disaster as they preyed on all wildlife.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A5)
1998        Aug 15, In Congo the US Embassy shut its doors as rebels approached Kinshasa. Pres. Kabila and his ministers retired to Lubumbashi.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A12)
1998        Aug 15, In Northern Ireland a car bomb killed 29 people in Omagh and wounded 220. A splinter group called the Real IRA took responsibility. It was affiliated with the political organization called the 32-County Sovereignty Committee. Families of the dead filed civil suit in 2001. In 2002 Colm Murphy (50), a veteran anti-British militant, was convicted of aiding the bombers and sentenced to 14 years in prison. In 2005 Murphy was released on bail pending a retrial. In 2003 Michael McKevitt, head of a dissident IRA faction, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for directing the group. In 2005 Sean Gerard Hoey (35) was charged with murdering 29 people in the attack. Detectives had used “low copy DNA profiling" to link Sean Hoey to the bombing. In 2007 a judge acquitted Hoey, saying he was not satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt of the evidence's integrity. In 2009 a Belfast court found 4 dissidents liable for the bombing. Michael McKevitt, leader of the Real IRA, Liam Campbell, Colm Murphy and Seamus Daly were found liable in a civil case brought by the families of those killed. A fifth man, Seamus McKenna, was cleared of involvement. In 2011 an appeals court ruled that the original trial judge gave too much credence to evidence identifying two of the men, Colm Murphy and Seamus Daly, as members of the Real IRA. The judges ordered a civil retrial for Murphy. In 2014 Daly was arraigned on 29 charges of murder.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A9)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A6)(SFC, 1/26/02, p.A8)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/26/05)(AP, 12/21/07)(AP, 6/8/09)(AP, 7/7/11)(AP, 4/11/14)
1998        Aug 15, In Myanmar (Burma) 18 detainees, arrested for passing out literature and charged with violating the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, were forced to leave the country. A 5-year prison term was imposed if they break Burma’s laws again.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A14)
1998        Aug 15, Some 750 Iranians entered Iraq to visit shrines for the first time in 18 years.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A24)
1998        Aug 15, In Paraguay Raul Cubas Grau took the presidential oath and promised to rejuvenate the economy.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A24)
1998        Aug 15, In Oslo, Norway, a 4-day conference by religious leaders ended. The group pledged to form an int’l. alliance to wipe out prejudice linked to religion and belief.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A21)
1998        Aug 15, The Russian Soyuz TM-28 ship docked in manual mode with the Mir space station. The new crew was expected to stay to Feb.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A26)
1998        Aug 15, Serbian forces seized the Kosovo rebel town of Junik
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 15, In South Korea police used water canons to disperse marching students in a banned pro-unification rally with North Korean counterparts. The day marked the 53rd year of liberation from 36 years of Japanese rule.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A26)

1999        Aug 15, Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship, becoming the youngest player to win two majors since Seve Ballesteros.
    (AP, 8/15/00)
1999        Aug 15, President Clinton and his family went house-hunting in Westchester County, New York. They later settled on a house in Chappaqua.
    (AP, 8/15/00)
1999        Aug 15, In Algeria an armed group killed 29 people near Beni Ounif.
    (SFC, 8/16/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 15, In Congo fighting in Kisangani (formerly Stanleyville) extended from the airport to the city center between forces from Uganda and Rwanda. Rebel leader Ernest Wamba dia Wamba was backed by Uganda, while Emile Ilunga was backed by Rwanda.
    (SFC, 8/16/99, p.A8)

2000        Aug 15, Democrats stirred memories of President John F. Kennedy at their national convention in Los Angeles, with his daughter, Caroline, taking a rare turn in the spotlight and beckoning delegates to turn the New Frontier into a "timeless call" that would send Al Gore to the White House.
    (AP, 8/15/01)
2000        Aug 15, US warplanes bombed air defense sites in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/16/00, p.A18)
2000        Aug 15, Edward Walker (82), inventor of the lava lamp and promoter of nudism, died.
    (SFEC, 8/20/00, p.B9)
2000        Aug 15, British Airways joined Air France in grounding its Concorde supersonic jets in the wake of the July 25th crash near Paris that claimed 113 lives.
    (SFC, 8/16/00, p.A17)(AP, 8/15/01)
2000        Aug 15, In Colombia authorities and US Secret Service agents captured 10 leaders of a counterfeiting ring that had sent over $40 million in bogus bills to the US over the last 2 years.
    (SFC, 8/17/00, p.A15)
2000        Aug 15, In Colombia 6 students were killed after they were caught in a cross fire between leftist rebels and government troops. The students were on a field trip with teachers. An investigation followed and a military coverup was suspected. 5 officers and 36 soldiers were suspended for the deaths.
    (SFC, 8/16/00, p.A18)(SFC, 8/17/00, p.A15)(WSJ, 8/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Aug 15, In Israel 4 prostitutes died in Tel Aviv when a brothel was set on fire. Police suspected a serial arsonist.
    (SFC, 8/16/00, p.A18)
2000        Aug 15, One hundred people from North Korea and 100 people from South Korea held temporary reunions with family members not seen in 50 years.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A13)(AP, 8/15/01)
2000        Aug 15, South Korea released 3,586 prisoners in an amnesty.
    (WSJ, 8/16/00, p.A1)

2001        Aug 15, The Air Force gave the go-ahead to build its new F-22 fighter, but said it would build fewer planes for more money than it had once planned.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2001        Aug 15, Robert R. Courtney, a wealthy Kansas City, Mo., pharmacist accused of diluting chemotherapy drugs surrendered to the FBI. He was later sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2001        Aug 15, A Texas appeals court halted the execution of Napoleon Beazley just hours before he was scheduled to die for a murder he had committed as a teenager. He was executed in May 2002.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2001        Aug 15, Astronomers announced the discovery of the first solar system outside our own.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2001        Aug 15, It was reported that scientists had found data that suggested that "there is a time evolution of the laws of physics."
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A2)
2001        Aug 15, Israeli undercover troops in Hebron killed Emad Abu Sneiheh (25), an activist in the Tanzim militia.
    (SFC, 8/16/01, p.A9)
2001        Aug 15, NATO authorized 400 first wave peacekeepers for Macedonia.
    (SFC, 8/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 15, Four Zimbabwean Daily News journalists were arrested after publishing a report that police were helping loot white-owned farms.
    (WSJ, 8/16/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/19/01, p.A11)

2002        Aug 15, President Bush, using Mount Rushmore as a dramatic backdrop, pressed Congress to give him a flexible, fast-moving homeland security department.
    (AP, 8/15/03)
2002        Aug 15, Some 600 families of 9/11 victims files a $3 trillion lawsuit against Saudi princes, foreign banks, charities and the government of Sudan for funding the terrorist networks that launched the 2001 attacks.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/15/03)
2002        Aug 15, In NYC WNEW-FM radio shock jocks Gregg Hughes and Anthony Cumia aired an eyewitness account of a couple having sex in the vestibule of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Their show was cancelled Aug 23.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.D4)
2002        Aug 15, In Virginia the bodies of Michael and Mary Short were found shot to death south of Roanoke. Bones of their daughter Jennifer (9) were found Sep 25 in Stoneville, NC, some 30 miles away.
    (SFC, 8/17/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A5)
2002        Aug 15, Larry Rivers (78), painter, sculptor, jazz musician and poet, died in Southampton, NY. Rivers was born as Yitzroch Grossberg in Bronx, NY.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A25)(NW, 8/26/02, p.9)
2002        Aug 15, In Afghanistan Ghulam Sakhi Bashi, deputy head of Gen. Dostum's 70th division, was shot and killed during his son's wedding ceremony in Charbolak, about 30 kilometers to the west of Mazar-I-Sharif.
    (Reuters, 8/18/02)
2002        Aug 15, An Indonesian court acquitted a former East Timor police chief and five other security officers of crimes against humanity over East Timor's bloody independence vote in 1999.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 15, Israeli soldiers strapped a bulletproof vest on a Palestinian teenager and ordered him to approach a house where a Hamas militant was hiding, with instructions to bring out everyone inside. As Nidal Daraghmeh (19) neared the house in the West Bank village of Tubas he was shot in the back of the head and killed, though it's not clear who pulled the trigger.
     Israeli soldiers shot and killed a 5-year-old boy in Khan Younis in the central Gaza Strip near an Israeli settlement. His grandfather and another Palestinian man were critically wounded.
    Israeli soldiers shot and killed two armed Palestinians who were approaching the fence around Gaza, apparently planning to attack soldiers or infiltrate into Israel, the military said. The two were carrying a large bomb, the military said.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 15, Heavy rains caused the San Luis Potosi and Los Dolores dams to burst, sending a wave of floodwaters roaring over villages in central Mexico, where authorities said at least eight people were killed and six others were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, A train in Tlaxcala, Mexico, struck and killed six young people (13-25) as they were walking along railroad tracks during a religious procession.
    (AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 15, Peru's first lady, Eliane Karp, resigned from a $10,000-a-month consulting job with a Peruvian bank after the revelation of the contract raised suspicions of influence peddling.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, Uganda has agreed to withdraw its troops from neighboring Congo, where they were sent four years ago to support Congolese rebels and root out Ugandan insurgents.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to strengthen the U.N. presence in Angola to help consolidate peace in the southwest African nation after 27 years of civil war.
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2003        Aug 15, Bouncing back from the largest blackout in U.S. history, cities from the Midwest to Manhattan restored power to millions of people — only to confront a second series of woes created in the aftermath of the enormous outage.
    (AP, 8/15/04)
2003        Aug 15, West Virginia officials suspected that a single sniper had killed 3 people in recent days near Charleston.
    (SFC, 8/16/03, p.A4)
2003        Aug 15, A remote mine, allegedly triggered by Chechen rebels, killed five Russian soldiers while troops were conducting a search operation in the breakaway republic. Chechen rebels also fired automatic weapons and lobbed grenades at a military commander's office, killing two soldiers and wounding 10.
    (AP, 8/15/03)(AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Saboteurs blew up a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just three days after the pipeline between the two countries was reopened. A following fire raged into the next day. The 600-mile pipeline runs from the northern city of Kirkuk to the Turkish city of Ceyhan.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Tens of thousands Liberian civilians, desperate for food, broke through barricades on Monrovia's front-line bridges, reuniting the capital after 10 weeks of rebel siege.
    (AP, 8/15/03)
2003        Aug 15, The ruling prince of Liechtenstein, who garnered controversy in Europe with his push for more power in the tiny state, announced he would step down and hand over the reins to his son in one year.
    (AP, 8/15/03)
2003        Aug 15, Mexican troops arrested one of the country's most-wanted drug-traffic suspects, Armando Valencia, along with seven top figures in his ring in Tlajomulco near Guadalajara.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, A landslide swept through an army base in northern Nepal killing at least 15 soldiers, and search teams scoured the debris for more bodies.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Nicanor Duarte was inaugurated as Paraguay's 47th president. Presidents from Colombia and other countries in the region gave Duarte his first official business as they signed the "Declaration of Asuncion" pledging a political alliance in the war on drugs.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, Philippine army forces in a speedboat killed 4 suspected members of Abu Sayyaf, an extremist Muslim group, in a clash at sea after getting a tip from fishermen.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 15, Saudi police arrested at least 11 suspected militants and seized a large weapons cache in southern Jazan province that included rockets and explosive chemicals.
    (AP, 8/16/03)
2003        Aug 15, The World Bank said it is lending Vietnam $100 million over the next 3 years to support reforms, reduce poverty, develop a market economy and help devise a modern legal system.
    (AP, 8/15/03)

2004        Aug 15, In NY Spencer Tunick, photographer, gathered 1,826 people at Buffalo’s old Central Terminal for a group session of nude photographs.
    (SFC, 8/17/04, p.E5)
2004        Aug 15, Vijay Singh won the PGA Championship in Haven, Wis.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2004        Aug 15, Residents left homeless by Hurricane Charley dug through their ravaged homes, rescuing what they could as President Bush promised rapid delivery of disaster aid.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2004        Aug 15, Sporadic gunfire and shelling took place overnight in the disputed Georgian region of South Ossetia in violation of a fragile ceasefire, wounding seven Georgian servicemen.
    (AFP, 8/15/04)
2004        Aug 15, IOC officials, worried by the television images being flashed around the world of athletes competing in near empty stadiums, told the Athens Games organizers to give tickets away for free if necessary.
    (AP, 8/16/04)
2004        Aug 15, In Athens, the US men's basketball team lost 92-73 to Puerto Rico, only the third Olympic defeat ever for the Americans and first since adding pros.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2004        Aug 15, In northeast India a bomb exploded during an Independence Day parade in Dhemaji, killing 18 people, including schoolchildren.
    (AP, 8/15/04)(Econ, 8/21/04, p.34)
2004        Aug 15, Hundreds of delegates from across Iraq gathered in Baghdad at a three-day national conference intended to bring a taste of democratic debate.
    (AP, 8/15/04)
2004        Aug 15, US armored vehicles and tanks rolled back into the streets of Najaf and troops battled Shiite militants in a resumption of fighting after the collapse of negotiations. 2 US soldiers were killed in Najaf when troops came under attack by militiamen loyal to firebrand Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.
    (AP, 8/15/04)(AP, 8/16/04)
2004        Aug 15, In Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II formally handed over day-to-day governing powers to his son Crown Prince Alois, and then invited all 33,000 of Liechtenstein's people to a garden party.
    (AP, 8/15/04)
2004        Aug 15, In Sweden Dr. Sune Karl Bergstrom (88), 1982 Nobel laureate, died.
    (SFC, 8/19/04, p.B7)
2004        Aug 15, In Venezuela the opposition's long and bitter campaign to oust Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez finally came down to a recall referendum. Chavez survived a referendum to oust him.
    (AP, 8/16/04)

2005        Aug 15, US prosecutors said 4 former Wall Street brokers have been indicted for a scheme allowing day traders to eavesdrop on internal communications and profit by trading ahead of large share orders and subsequent price movements.
    (Reuters, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, Reliant Energy agreed to pay $135.4 million in cash to California and to forgo $299.5 million it claims it is owed to settle allegations of energy manipulation during the energy crises 5 years earlier.
    (SFC, 8/16/05, p.D1)
2005        Aug 15, Delta Air Lines said it is selling its feeder carrier, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, to SkyWest for $425 million.
    (SFC, 8/16/05, p.D3)
2005        Aug 15, Hershey announced the acquisition of Joseph Schmidt, a SF chocolate maker.
    (SFC, 8/16/05, p.D1)
2005        Aug 15, James Dougherty (84), the retired Los Angeles detective who was the first husband of Marilyn Monroe, died in San Rafael, Calif.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2005        Aug 15, Bulgaria's three largest parties formed a coalition under a Socialist prime minister, resolving seven weeks of stalemate threatening to hold up the Balkan state's aspirations for EU entry in 2007.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, Canada’s CBC locked out 5,300 of its 9,000 employees following 15 months of unsuccessful talks with the Canadian Media Guild, a merger of 3 unions.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.37)
2005        Aug 15, A powerful car bomb exploded outside a restaurant in Chechnya's capital, killing two people, including a child, and wounding at least 11 others.
    (AP, 8/16/05)
2005        Aug 15, In northeast Colombia suspected rebels killed two Catholic priests, ambushing their car with gunfire and explosives as they drove down a country road.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, In Egypt’s the Sinai Peninsula a crude roadside bomb blasted a vehicle belonging to international peacekeepers, lightly wounding two Canadians.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, Near-simultaneous attacks and riots at 7 Guatemalan prisons left 31 inmates dead. They showed the organizational power of Central America's gangs, whose members communicate between prisons through cell phones and visitors.
    (AP, 8/16/05)
2005        Aug 15, Indonesia and Aceh rebels signed a peace treaty in Helsinki to end nearly 30 years of fighting that killed 15,000 people, but rebel leaders voiced concern about government troops remaining in the region.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, Iraq’s parliament failed to meet a key deadline for finishing a new constitution and voted to give itself another week on a new draft constitution.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.37)(AP, 8/15/06)
2005        Aug 15, Israel began to pull out from the Gaza Strip after 38 years of occupation. Asher Weisgen (Weisgan), an Israeli settler, murdered four Palestinians under his employ and wounded a fifth near Shilo in an effort to prevent Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. On Sep 27, 2006, Weisgan was sentenced to 4 consecutive life terms plus 12 years and ordered to pay $53,000 to the families of those killed and $23,000 to Rauhi Kassab, who survived.
    (AP, 8/15/05)(http://dc.indymedia.org/newswire/display/135780/index.php)
2005        Aug 15, Italy’s Interior Minister said Italy has arrested 141 people in a security swoop following the bombings in London and Egypt last month and remains at high risk from an attack by Islamic militants. Expulsion procedures had begun against 701 people.
    (Reuters, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, New Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev appointed Felix Kulov, a former opposition politician who was jailed under the country's ousted Soviet-era leader, as acting prime minister.
    (AP, 8/15/05)
2005        Aug 15, Singapore hosted maritime exercises aimed at stopping shipments of weapons of mass destruction. The drills are part of the U.S.-led Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI). Other participants in the Deep Saber exercises included Australia, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Russia and the US.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

2006        Aug 15, US federal agents arrested 138 alleged drug traffickers in 15 cities. They seized over 47 pounds of Mexican black tar heroin and confiscated over $500,000 in illegal profits.
    (SFC, 8/16/06, p.A3)
2006        Aug 15, US officials arrested Edgar Alvarez Cruz on immigration violations in Denver. He was suspected of participating in the rapes and killings of at least 10 women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, where more than 100 young women have been killed since 1993.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 15, Seven northeastern US states said they had agreed on a model rule that would create the country's first market for heat-trapping carbon dioxide by curbing emissions at power plants.
    (Reuters, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, Afghan and US troops killed an al-Qaida suspect and detained 13 others in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, The official death toll in China from Typhoon Saomai jumped to 295 as fishing families grieving the loss of loved ones said authorities were no help and had covered up the number of fatalities.
    (AFP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, In Colombia the last major paramilitary leader to enter into a peace deal with the government handed in his weapon, even as the future of that fragile accord was called into doubt by other ex-militia leaders. Freddy Rendon Herrera and 745 fighters from the Elmer Cardenas bloc handed in 447 rifles in a disarmament ceremony in Unguia, a village 370 miles northwest of Bogota.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy said nearly 30,000 illegal immigrants with school-age children applied for French residency under a special government offer, and about 6,000 will get it.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti for six months and urged its troops and police to help fight gang violence and kidnapping.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, A suicide bomber killed nine people at the party headquarters of the Iraqi president. In Basra tribal leader Faisal Raji al-Asadi, an anti-American Shiite cleric, was killed. Gunbattles between his supporters and Iraqi forces left at least six people dead. In Karbala street battles between security forces and followers of anti-American cleric Mahmoud al-Hassani, left 12 dead, including two Iraqi soldiers. A suicide car bomber killed nine people in an attack on the Mosul headquarters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, a Kurdish party headed by President Jalal Talabani.
    (AP, 8/15/06)(AP, 8/16/06)(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A14)
2006        Aug 15, Israel began slowly withdrawing its forces from southern Lebanon and made plans to hand over its captured territory as hopes were raised that a UN-imposed cease-fire would stick, despite early tests on its first day.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, Japan’s PM Junichiro Koizumi made a pilgrimage to a Tokyo war shrine reviled by critics as a symbol of militarism, triggering a further erosion in Japan's ties with its neighbors just a month before he leaves office.
    (AP, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, Maori Queen Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu (75), aka Te Ata, died in New Zealand.
    (SFC, 8/16/06, p.B7)(AP, 8/15/07)
2006        Aug 15, Two Norwegian and two Ukrainian oil workers being held hostage in Nigeria were freed as the government promised to crack down on a surge in unrest in Africa's largest oil producer.
    (Reuters, 8/15/06)
2006        Aug 15, Pakistani forces arrested 29 suspected Taliban militants in a raid on a private hospital after they came from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/06)

2007        Aug 15, Ex-NBA referee Tim Donaghy pleaded guilty to felony charges in an NBA betting scheme. He faced up to 25 years in prison and a $500,000 fine. A federal judge later sentenced Donaghy to 15 months behind bars.
    (WSJ, 8/16/07, p.A1)(AP, 8/15/08)
2007        Aug 15, Pennsylvania Superior Court Judge Michael Thomas Joyce, an appeals court judge, was indicted on charges of scamming $440,000 from insurers by claiming he suffered debilitating injuries in a car crash, even while he golfed, skated and went scuba diving.
    (AP, 8/16/07)
2007        Aug 15, Max Roach (b.1924), jazz drummer, died in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 8/16/07, p.B11)
2007        Aug 15, In Afghanistan US led ground troops and airstrikes targeted "hundreds of foreign fighters" dug into positions in the Tora Bora region of eastern Nangarhar province. 2 German police officers and a German foreign ministry employee were killed in Kabul, in a bomb attack claimed by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 15, In Germany 6 Italian men were fatally shot in the head in the western city of Duisburg, an execution-style killing that Italy's interior minister said appeared to be a feud between two Italian organized crime clans. On March 12, 2009, Dutch police arrested Giovanni Strangio (30), an Italian man wanted for the killings in Duisburg.
    (AP, 8/15/07)(AP, 3/13/09)
2007        Aug 15, State radio reported that Iran has detained two Chinese nationals on charges of spying on its military and nuclear facilities. A drug crackdown was launched throughout Iran and police seized more than 54 kilos (118 pounds) of heroin and crack from the gang in airports in Tehran and several other cities. In the operation 90 members of a drug network, including 85 Africans from Tanzania, Nigeria and Ghana as well as two Pakistanis, were arrested.
    (AP, 8/15/07)(AFP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 15, In Mosul a bomb in a parked car killed a civilian and wounded ten others. 5 people were killed in an ambush on a minibus carrying civilians near Khalis. South of Baghdad a suicide car bomber killed two people and wounded seven. US troops killed 11 suspected terrorists and detained four others in operations against al-Qaida in central and northern Iraq. Two US soldiers were killed and six wounded in fighting north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/15/07)(AP, 8/16/07)
2007        Aug 15, Japan's foreign minister launched plans for a joint Israeli-Palestinian industrial park in the West Bank that he said would promote peace in the region through prosperity.
    (AP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 15, In Kenya hundreds of journalists wearing black gags marched silently through Nairobi to protest a proposed law that would allow courts to compel reporters to reveal their sources.
    (AP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 15, Maputo's interior ministry said South Africa has intensified the repatriation of Mozambican illegal immigrants, going from 400 to a weekly average of more than 600.
    (AFP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 15, A magnitude-8.0 trembler rocked Peru's coast, toppling buildings leaving some 610 people dead and 36,000 homes damaged. State doctors called off a national strike to handle the emergency. Two prisons collapsed and 600 prisoners escaped. About a third gave themselves up over the next week. Tremors destroyed 80% of Pisco, where 148 people died when the city cathedral collapsed.
    (AP, 8/16/07)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.35)(SSFC, 4/6/08, p.A14)(Econ, 8/16/08, p.37)
2007        Aug 15, Sergei Sinkonen and another conscript came upon the officers celebrating a wedding not far from their unit at the Plesetsk cosmodrome in northwestern Russia. The officers thought the conscripts had fled and beat them with army belts, and put Sinkonen in a kennel with guard dogs, where he was found the next morning in serious condition. Sinkonen died Aug 27.
    (AP, 8/29/07)
2007        Aug 15, Official media said severe floods have destroyed more than a tenth of North Korea's farmland at the height of the growing season.
    (AP, 8/15/07)
2007        Aug 15, Hordes of shoppers desperate to buy sugar amid severe shortages stampeded at a shopping complex in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second-largest city, killing a 15-year-old boy and a security guard.
    (AP, 8/16/07)

2008        Aug 15, Cookie retailer Mrs. Fields Famous Brands LLC said it plans to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection to help restructure its business.
    (Reuters, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, In Texas store clerk Mindy Daffern (46) was abducted in the north Texas town of Scotland. Wallace Bowman Jr. (30) was identified by a security camera and led investigators to her body the next day.
    (SFC, 8/18/08, p.A3)(www.wafb.com/global/story.asp?s=8854535)
2008        Aug 15, Leroy Sievers (b.1955), broadcast journalist, died of cancer. He was a former executive producer of ABC’s “Nightline" and commented on his disease on National Public Radio (NPR).
    (SFC, 8/19/08, p.B5)
2008        Aug 15, Jerry Wexler (b.1917), record producer, died. From 1953-1975 he worked for NYC-based Atlantic Records and helped build the firm into a rhythm and blues powerhouse. As a reported for Billboard magazine he coined the term “rhythm and blues."
    (WSJ, 8/16/08, p.A7)
2008        Aug 15, Afghan security forces withdrew from Nawa district in eastern Ghazni province after days of fighting with Taliban, allowing the rebels to move in and capture the area. In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb and small arms fire killed 2 soldiers serving under the separate NATO-led force. Taliban insurgents attacked police checkpoints in Nad Ali district of southern Helmand province, sparking clashes that killed 23 militants.
    (AFP, 8/15/08)(SFC, 8/16/08, p.A6)(AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 15, In Canada employees at a Wal-Mart Stores Inc. outlet won an arbitrator-imposed contract, becoming the giant retailer's only location in North America with a collective agreement in place.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 15, In Chad a court sentenced former President Hissene Habre and 11 rebels to death. Habre was awaiting trial in Senegal for torture and murder.
    (SFC, 8/16/08, p.A5)
2008        Aug 15, In Beijing 2 positive dope tests by Asian athletes overshadowed Singapore's first medal in 48 years and a podium for Malaysia with a North Korean shooter and a Vietnamese gymnast exposed as cheats.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, Xinhua News said a bus veered off the road and plunged into a ravine in central China, killing 15 people.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, About 20 people, including Italian tourists, were killed when two buses collided head-on in the Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, Iraqi security forces began taking over checkpoints near the Iranian border previously manned by Georgian troops before they redeployed home following recent fighting with Russia. A roadside bomb struck a minibus beginning the trip in eastern Baghdad morning, killing at least one passenger and wounding 10 others. A passenger van packed with explosives blew up at a bus station in Balad, north of Baghdad. 9 people were killed and 40 wounded.
    (AP, 8/15/08)(AP, 8/16/08)
2008        Aug 15, Russian troops allowed some humanitarian supplies into Georgia’s city of Gori but kept up their blockade of the strategically located city, raising doubts about Russia's intentions. Relief planes swooped into Tbilisi with tons of supplies for the estimated 100,000 people uprooted by the fighting. An international rights group said it has evidence that Russian warplanes dropped cluster bombs in civilian areas in Georgia.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, In India's part of Kashmir tens of thousands of Muslims took to the streets again, ignoring a plea by the country's prime minister for an end to weeks of violence that has left 34 people dead.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, Officials said Nepal's lawmakers have voted in Prachanda, the leader of the former Maoist rebels, as the Himalayan country's new prime minister.
    (AFP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, Twelve Nigerian militants and a naval officer were killed in a gunbattle near a Royal Dutch Shell natural gas plant in the oil-producing Niger Delta.
    (Reuters, 8/16/08)
2008        Aug 15, Coalition government officials said Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf is ready to resign rather than face impeachment, but is seeking immunity from prosecution and agreement on a safe place to live. President Pervez Musharraf's spokesman rejected reports that the embattled Pakistani leader was set to resign. Pakistan's interior ministry chief said that over 460 Islamic militants and 22 soldiers have been killed in more than a week of fighting in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 8/15/08)(AFP, 8/15/08)(AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, Leftist ex-bishop Fernando Lugo was inaugurated as Paraguay's president, ending six decades of one-party rule in a key step in the poor South American nation's democratic transformation.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, Peruvians flooded the streets to protest the slow pace of reconstruction a year after a magnitude-8.0 earthquake left tens of thousands homeless.
    (AP, 8/16/08)
2008        Aug 15, In the Philippines at least 15 hitchhikers were killed and 14 others injured when the truck they were riding in plunged into a ravine outside Monkayo township in the southern gold mining area on Diwalawal mountain.
    (AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, South African authorities closed camps that have housed thousands of foreigners displaced by xenophobic violence, in a move that has drawn concern they could face more attacks when they return home.
    (AFP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 15, International aid groups said tens of thousands of civilians have fled their homes in northern Sri Lanka in recent weeks as the military ramped up its offensive against the Tamil Tiger rebels' heartland.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2009        Aug 15, In Georgia former college professor Lothar Karl Schweder (77) and his wife Sherry (65) were found mauled to death by dogs near their home in Lexington.
    (SFC, 8/18/09, p.A7)
2009        Aug 15, In southern California the body of Jasmine Fiore (28), a swimsuit model, was found stuffed in a suitcase and dumped into a trash bin in Orange County. Her husband Ryan Alexander Jenkins (32), a reality TV show contestant and CEO of Skyhomes in Calgary, Canada, reported her missing the same day. On Aug 20 Jenkins was charged with murder and believed to be hiding in Canada. On Aug 23 Jenkins was found dead of apparent suicide in a motel in Hope, British Columbia.
    (SFC, 8/20/09, p.A5)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.A9)(Reuters, 8/24/09)
2009        Aug 15, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb exploded outside the main gate of NATO's headquarters five days before presidential elections, killing seven and wounding 91 in the biggest attack in the Afghan capital in six months. A British soldier succumbed to injuries sustained while out on foot patrol in Helmand province, becoming the 201st British military fatality in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/09)(AFP, 8/16/09)
2009        Aug 15, In northern Algeria an explosion followed by gunfire left one police officer dead and two others wounded at a beach. A head-on collision between a lorry and a minibus killed 16 people on the outskirts of the city of Ghazaouet, including more than a dozen members of the same family traveling together.
    (AFP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, Canada said it will pay some farmers to stop raising hogs and offer loans to help others restructure, assistance that drew praise from Canadian hog farmers and concerns from a top US farmer group.
    (Reuters, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, In southern Chile Manuel Calfiu, head of the Mapuche community Meli Wixan Mapu, said dozens of Indian communities agreed to form the Mapuche Territorial Alliance to fight for political autonomy, said after several days of violence over land seizures.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, Three Iraqi men herding cattle were killed after wandering into the middle of a US-Iraqi mortar training exercise north of the Iraqi capital.
    (AP, 8/16/09)
2009        Aug 15, In Kuwait a fire at a wedding tent killed 57 women and children as it consumed the structure in a blazing inferno lasting just three minutes. The bridegroom’s ex-wife was later found to be the arsonist. In 2010 a Kuwaiti appeals court confirmed a death sentence against Nasra Yussef Mohammed al-Enezi (23). She had been convicted in March of setting fire to the wedding tent as her husband took a second wife.
    (AP, 8/16/09)(AP, 8/18/09)(SFC, 8/18/09, p.A4)(AFP, 5/26/10)
2009        Aug 15, Japan's PM Taro Aso expressed deep regret over the suffering his country inflicted on Asian countries during World War II in a solemn ceremony that marked the 64th anniversary of Tokyo's surrender.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, In Mexico the dismembered body of Jesus Arroyo, a legal adviser for the leftist Democratic Revolution Party, was found in an ice box in Ciudad Altamirano, in Guerrero state. In Guadalajara singer Carlos Vicente Ocaranza, who specialized in drug ballads, was shot to death outside a bar. His manager died of wounds 2 days later. Ocaranza was better known as "El Loco Elizalde," or The Crazy Elizalde, a reference to his distant relation by marriage to Valentin Elizalde, a much more famous musician, also killed by gunshots in 2006.
    (AP, 8/15/09)(www.wtop.com/?nid=105&sid=1646540)
2009        Aug 15, In Myanmar US Sen. Jim Webb won the release of John Yettaw (53), an American prisoner convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison for swimming secretly to the residence of detained democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, Nigeria's anti-graft agency said it had recovered more than 50 billion naira ($320.5 million / €224.2 million) in looted funds and secured 70 convictions in the past year. Police in the western Nigerian state of Niger raided the Darul Islam community and detained hundreds of its members, weeks after an uprising by a radical sect killed almost 800 in the remote northeast. Sect leader Amrul Bashir Abdullahi said: "We decided to create a camp for ourselves outside the community because of the problems in the larger society. These are problems of corruption, drunkenness, prostitution and so on which Allah forbids."
    (AFP, 8/15/09)(Reuters, 8/16/09)
2009        Aug 15, In Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden car into a checkpoint in the northwestern Swat Valley, killing at least five people in a reminder that extremists can still strike despite the military's retaking of the area. Air strikes by government fighter jets killed 16 militants and destroyed several Taliban hideouts in tribal South Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/15/09)(AFP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 15, In the Gaza Strip Abdel-Latif Moussa, the leader of an al-Qaida-inspired group, blew himself up during a shootout with Hamas security forces, ending hours of violence sparked by a rebellious sermon at a mosque near the Egyptian border. A total of 24 people, including six Hamas police officers and an 11-year-old girl, were killed and 150 were wounded.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, In Peru farmers freed 13 police officers and four civilians seized at a hydroelectric dam in the Andean region after local officials agreed to provide them with fertilizer.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, In Puerto Rico Ricardo Lebron Berrios (23), a prisoner being taken to jail to face car theft charges, allegedly shot one police officer to death and gravely wounded a second, then escaped in their squad car.
    (AP, 8/16/09)
2009        Aug 15, Somali pirates found seven dead colleagues floating in the ocean and vowed to take revenge against Egyptian fishermen they say killed them during an August 13 escape.
    (Reuters, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, South Korea's president renewed his offer of aid for impoverished North Korea if it abandons its nuclear weapons and called for talks on the reduction of conventional weapons along their heavily fortified border.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, Sri Lanka's Roman Catholic leaders called for the release of ethnic Tamils held in military-run displacement camps, saying they are confined like prisoners behind barbed wire.
    (AP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou bowed to public anger, apologizing for his government's slow response to Typhoon Morakot, which devastated central and southern parts of the island.
    (AFP, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, Yemen widened a military offensive against Shiite rebels in the country's north, blasting the fighters' positions with artillery and airstrikes.
    (AP, 8/15/09)

2010        Aug 15, In San Francisco the 2-day Outside Lands Music and Arts Festival drew close to 80,000 people to 4 concert stages in Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 8/16/10, p.C1)
2010        Aug 15, James Kilpatrick (b.1920), columnist and longtime conservative 60 Minutes “Point Counterpoint" commentator, died in Washington, DC.
    (SFC, 8/17/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 15, In Afghanistan Abu Baqir, a man described as a Taliban sub-commander and al Qaeda group leader, was killed, along with another insurgent, when an alliance aircraft fired on a truck in Kunduz province. Siddiqa (19) and her fiance Khayyam (25) were stoned to death in public in northern Kunduz over an alleged illicit love affair. They had tried to elope against their families’ wishes. The stoning was captured on video.
    (AP, 8/16/10)(SFC, 2/1/11, p.A2)
2010        Aug 15, In Bahrain four leading Shiite activists were arrested as the kingdom's Sunni leaders try to end violent confrontations between Shiite protesters and anti-riot police. Shiites are a majority in Bahrain, but the oil-rich nation is ruled by a Sunni royal family.
    (AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 15, India's PM Manmohan Singh appealed to the people of Indian-controlled Kashmir to end violent protests and said his government is ready to hold talks to resolve their long-standing problems. An off-duty officer flung a shoe at Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, Indian-controlled Kashmir's top elected official, during India's independence day ceremony.
    (AP, 8/15/10)(AP, 8/16/10)
2010        Aug 15, In Iraq drive-by shootings and a spate of bombings killed 11 people and wounded dozens. Five of the dead were Iraqi police and security forces. 3 Sunni Muslims were gunned down as they left Abid Wais mosque in Jurf al-Sakhr, 50 km (30 miles) south of the capital in the mainly Shiite province of Babil. Three others, including an off-duty policeman, were killed when their minibus was struck by a bomb attack as it travelled to the centre of Baghdad from an eastern quarter. A traffic policeman and a civilian were also killed, and a police officer was wounded, when a roadside bomb exploded near Al-Shaab stadium in the east of the capital. Another person was killed and seven others wounded by three roadside bombs in northern Baghdad. In Mosul, one Iraqi soldier was killed and another wounded in a shooting at a security checkpoint in the east of the northern city.
    (AP, 8/15/10)(AFP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 15, Israel's military said Hezbollah is moving fighters and weapons into the villages of south Lebanon, building up a secret network of arms warehouses, bunkers and command posts in preparation for war.
    (AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 15, In Mexico attackers shot 8 men to death and piled their bodies in a pickup truck in the southern state of Oaxaca. Gunmen kidnapped Edelmiro Cavazos, mayor of the town Santiago, a city on the outskirts of Monterrey. His body was found on Aug 18. In Ciudad Juarez gunmen opened fire on the pool party in central Ciudad Juarez, killing 3 women and a man and wounding 5 other women, all of whom were wearing swimsuits. In an attack at a private house, gunmen riddled party-goers with bullets. 3 victims died at the scene, and another 3 in hospital. The bodies of four other men, "showing signs of torture with several shots through their heads," were found in other parts of the city. The city had more than 2,660 murders in 2009 and 1,850 so far this year. In Veracruz police found the bound, burned remains of a body with a federal police badge.
    (AFP, 8/15/10)(AP, 8/16/10)(Reuters, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 15, In Mali 2 survivors of a failed journey said 12 African nationals trying to illegally enter Europe died from thirst and hunger in the Algerian desert.
    (AFP, 8/15/10) 
2010        Aug 15, In Nigeria Royal Dutch Shell PLC warned that thieves in the oil-rich and restive southern delta are increasingly targeting the company's crude pipelines, including at least three incidents of sabotage this month alone.
    (AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 15, In Nigeria a fiery road crash outside the commercial capital of Lagos burned at least 15 people to death and injured 18 others.
    (AFP, 8/16/10)
2010        Aug 15, Pakistani men took turns savagely beating the two teenage brothers with sticks, drawing blood before dragging and hanging their dead bodies from a nearby pole. None of the dozens of people watching tried to stop the attack, not even several police. The scene was caught on video and broadcast on news channels. The boys in Sialkot, a town in eastern Punjab province, may have been mistaken for robbers. At least 10 suspects were later arrested, including four police officers.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 15, In Saudi Arabia Ghazi Algosaibi (70), a consummate statesman and liberal writer, died after a long illness. Algosaibi was close to the kingdom's ruling family. But his writings, critical of Arab governments, were banned in the kingdom. Only last month, Saudi Culture Ministry lifted the ban on his writings citing his contributions to the nation.
    (AP, 8/15/10)
2010        Aug 15, South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak proposed a 3-step plan to unify the Korean peninsula and a new tax to help his country absorb the enormous cost of integration.
    (SFC, 8/16/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 15, UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged the world to quicken aid for up to 20 million people hit by Pakistan's worst humanitarian crisis as he flew in to visit areas ravaged by record floods.
    (AFP, 8/15/10)

2011        Aug 15, The US Defense Department announced that it had selected 20 separate contractors for the new National Afghan Trucking Services contract potentially worth $983.5 million to replace Host Nation Trucking. Officials said the new arrangement will reduce the reliance on subcontractors and diminish the risk of money being lost.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 15, Paul "Doug" Peters, a man wanted in Australia for allegedly strapping a fake bomb to the neck of a teenage girl in a suburban Sydney home on August 3, was arrested near Louisville, Kentucky.
    (Reuters, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Philadelphia Corey White (22) was shot to death hours after a judge held two people for trial for conspiring to kill him in a murder-for-hire plot on Facebook.
    (SFC, 8/17/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 15, Google moved to acquire Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion.
    (SFC, 8/16/11, p.C1)
2011        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a district government center, sparking a gunbattle that lasted for hours and left a police officer and four militants dead in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province. Militants attacked a fuel tanker depot outside the main international military base in Kandahar city, killing four security guards.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, In western China Tsewang Norbu (29), a Buddhist monk, died after setting himself on fire in Sichuan province's Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture an ethnically Tibetan region.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Egyptian troops, backed by armored vehicles, carried out five raids in el-Arish, the provincial capital of North Sinai. In one location, they clashed with gunmen, killing one. Ten suspects and six wanted criminals were also arrested. A Cairo judge stopped live TV broadcasts of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Indonesia Deden Sudjana (48), wounded when Islamic hard-liners launched a deadly attack on his minority sect, was sentenced to six months in prison, more than some of those caught on video taking part in the Feb 6 lynching.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Ingushetia 4 servicemen were killed and 7 wounded by rebels in Russia’s North Caucasus.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Iraq bomb blasts ripped through more than a dozen Iraqi cities, killing at least 89 security forces and civilians in the worst attack this year. 7 explosions went off in different towns in Diyala province alone. In Kut a bomb went off in a freezer used to keep drinks cold. As rescuers and onlookers gathered, a parked car bomb exploded killing 35 people with 64 injured. Gunmen wearing military uniforms pulled seven people from a Sunni mosque in Youssifiyah and then shot and killed them execution-style. After the killings, the gunmen shouted they were fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq, a front group for al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.A2)(Econ, 8/20/11, p.44)
2011        Aug 15, Israel approved the building of 277 apartments in the Jewish settlement in Ariel, the deepest one inside the West Bank, defying international criticism of continued construction on land the Palestinians claim for a state.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Libya's interior minister, Nassr al-Mabrouk Abdullah, and nine of his family members flew into Cairo from Tunisia on their private plane in what appeared to be the highest level defection from Moammar Gadhafi's regime in months. Rebels consolidated positions in some parts of Zawiya, but appeared to have lost ground in others. In an audio message Gadhafi urged his supporters to dig in and fight.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Nigerian guards in Borno state killed the 25-year-old man who was driving a sedan loaded with seven gas cylinders and cans of gasoline and gunpowder into a police headquarters hosting a recruitment drive. In the north gunmen attacked a microfinance bank, carting away bags of cash and bombing a police station when making their escape. Gunmen attacked two separate police stations across northern Nigeria, killing four police officers and two civilians in one attack while bombing a station in another.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, In the southern Philippines a car bomb killed 2 people and wounded seven in an attack targeting Maguindanao Gov. Esmael Mangudadatu, who took office after many of his relatives were slain in the country's worst political massacre in 2009. Mangudadatu was unhurt. Authorities arrested a suspect after a witness saw him leaving the bomb-laden car and fleeing the scene of the attack in Tacurong City.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 15, In Spain 3 children were found dead at a home for disabled kids in Boecillo and a woman (55) who worked there was taken into custody. The children were severely disabled and had very limited mobility.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Syrian troops besieged residential areas of Latakia and Homs, firing on residents as they fled for safety and killing at least two people during broad military assaults to root out dissent against President Bashar Assad's autocratic regime. At least 17 people were reported killed, six of them in Latakia. The other deaths were in Homs and Houla.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, A Trinidad police union called for a day of "rest and reflection" as a way to protest the government's offer of a 5 percent pay raise. The union says that isn't enough. Some 25% of the Caribbean country's police officers joined in the one-day strike.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, Tunisian police fired tear gas to disperse protesters throwing stones and smashing storefronts in an unexpected eruption of violence in the country's capital. A few hundred lawyers protested in Tunis over what they said is continuing corruption in the courts and too-lax verdicts against those in the regime of ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, The United Nations called for a thorough probe into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Sudan's South Kordofan region between June 5-30, shortly before the nation formally separated into two countries.
    (AP, 8/15/11)
2011        Aug 15, The UN's World Food Program for the first time acknowledged it has been investigating food theft in Somalia for two months. Vast piles of food sacks with stamps on them from the World Food Program, the US government aid arm USAID and the Japanese government were found for sale in Mogadishu markets.
    (AP, 8/15/11)

2012        Aug 15, A US federal government policy to stop deporting law-abiding undocumented immigrants under age 30 who arrived in the country before age 16 took effect. Arizona Republican Governor Jan Brewer issued an order barring illegal immigrants who qualify for temporary legal status in the United States from receiving any state or local public benefits, including driver’s licenses. The action was a response to relaxed deportation rules issued by the Obama administration.  On July 7, 2014, the Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals said Arizona’s police is discriminatory and ordered the state to issue licenses.
    (SFC, 6/16/12, p.A1)(Reuters, 8/15/12)(SFC, 7/8/14, p.C4)
2012        Aug 15, Raymond Roth (47) of Massapequa, NY, was taken into custody for faking a drowning to collect as much as $400,000 in life insurance.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 15, Texas authorities said the state is battling an outbreak of the West Nile virus, with 17 deaths blamed on the mosquito-borne disease.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-Ray telescope reported the discovery of a galaxy cluster, nicknamed Phoenix, that creates 740 stars a year. It was estimated to be 6 billion years old.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.A7)
2012        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan 2 grenades exploded inside a mosque compound during morning prayers in Khost province, wounding at least 9 worshippers.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In southern Algeria 3 armed Islamists, including a senior member of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) thought to be close to its leader, were arrested. Necib Tayeb, one of the oldest members of Al-Qaeda's north African branch, headed its so-called "judicial committee" and had been wanted since 1995.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)
2012        Aug 15, Australia highest court upheld the world's toughest law on cigarette promotion, which prohibits tobacco companies from displaying their logos on cigarette packs. Starting in December, packs will instead come in a uniformly drab shade of olive and feature graphic health warnings and images of cancer-riddled mouths, blinded eyeballs and sickly children.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Australia Charles Zentai (90) won a legal battle against extradition to Hungary, in a move which allows him to stay in Australia, where he has citizenship.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission said that car importer Ateco Automotive ordered dealers to stop selling certain vehicles by China’s Great Wall Motor Co. and Chery Automobile after asbestos was found inside engine and exhaust gaskets.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff announced a nearly $66 billion investment package to beef up the nation's ailing road and rail systems, part of efforts to solve serious transportation bottlenecks and spur a sputtering economy.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Canada hikers west of Toronto found a severed human foot. Police the next day recovered a severed head in a park near the Credit River in Mississauga, Ontario, a city of 700,000 located just west of Toronto. The body parts were found about one km (0.7 mile) apart. On Aug 21 police said the body parts belonged to Guang Hua Liu (41), a woman who owned a spa in the eastern suburb of Scarborough. On June 26, 2014, Jiang Chunqi was convicted of second-degree murder for killing and dismembering his ex-girlfriend.
    (Reuters, 8/16/12)(Reuters, 8/21/12)(AP, 6/27/14)
2012        Aug 15, China and South Korea pressed Japan to face up to its wartime past, as festering territorial disputes flared and Asia marked the anniversary of Tokyo's World War II surrender.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Gabon clashes broke out in Libreville when police broke up an unauthorized protest in support of the country's main opposition leader, leaving at least one person dead and 10 people injured. 63-64 were detained and 57 remained in prison. Masked gunmen stormed the headquarters of TV+ and set fire to the station's transmitters. President Ali Bongo went on national television saying he would not let the country descend into chaos.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AP, 8/17/12)(AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 15, India’s PM Manmohan Singh confirmed plans to launch a space probe that will orbit Mars, after press reports that the mission was scheduled to begin late next year.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Iraq attacks in Baquba and Maqdadiya left 13 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/16/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 15, In Ivory Coast gunmen attacked a military checkpoint and freed 150 inmates from a prison in Dabou, but 50 were soon recaptured. Officials blamed the attacks on rogue soldiers and loyalists of former President Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, Japan made 14 arrests after pro-China activists from Hong Kong landed on Senkaku (aka Diaoyu) island at the center of a bitter territorial dispute. On Aug 17 half of the group were put aboard a commercial airliner in the Okinawan main city of Naha and arrived in Hong Kong. The other half were taken back to their boat in Ishigaki.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 15, The large Lebanese Shiite clan called Muqdad claimed it had kidnapped 33 Syrians and a Turkish man after a family member was abducted two days earlier by a Syrian rebel group which accused him of being a Hezbollah sniper. Dozens more Syrians were seized and their shops vandalized by rioters in southern Shiite areas of Beirut. Rioters closed the road to Beirut airport and to the border with Syria.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, Nigeria cancelled a centuries-old Eid festival known for its elaborate horse pageant, officially due to Kano’s Emir Ado Bayero’s health, but residents suspected worsening violence was to blame.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar all ordered their citizens to leave Lebanon.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, A person with privileged access to the Saudi state-owned oil company’s computers, unleashed a computer virus to initiate what is regarded as among the most destructive acts of computer sabotage on a company to date. The virus erased data on three-quarters of Aramco’s corporate PCs — documents, spreadsheets, e-mails, files — replacing all of it with an image of a burning American flag.
    (NYT, 10/23/12)(http://tinyurl.com/8mc4pom)
2012        Aug 15, The Organization of Islamic Cooperation, comprised of 57 member states, released a final statement from its two day summit in Saudi Arabia's Muslim holy city of Mecca urging support of Syria’s opposition.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Sudan 6 people were killed and 12 wounded during a dispute in Mellit town, north of the Darfur state capital El Fasher. An "exchange of accusations" over the death of one person reportedly sparked the incident.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Syria a bomb attached to a fuel truck exploded outside a Damascus hotel where UN observers are staying, wounding at least three people. Fierce fighting erupted between the Syrian army and rebels near the prime minister's office in Damascus. Activists reported shelling and clashes in Aleppo. Two Syrian fighter jets bombed the rebel-held town of Azaz. Human Rights Watch said over 40 people were killed. 757 Syrians fled into Turkey. Syria TV said three journalists from the pro-regime TV station Al-Ikhbariya were freed in a "qualitative operation" in the town of al-Tal.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)(AP, 8/15/12)(AP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, The United Arab Emirates said it has awarded six fuel contracts valued at $3 billion for its first nuclear power plant, expected to start up by 2017. The contracts were awarded to US ConverDyn; Canadian Uranium One, Inc.; the UK-based firm URENCO; Anglo-Australian giant Rio Tinto; Russia's firm TENEX and France's Areva.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, The UN food agency staged a rare air drop of food to thousands of desperate refugees in South Sudan stranded by floods.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 15, A UN panel laid the groundwork for possible prosecutions in international courts against the Syrian leader and other senior government officials. It called the May 25 massacre in Houla a war crime perpetrated by the government forces and shabiha militia backing the regime of President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, In Yemen gunmen stormed a passenger plane after it landed in Aden, grabbed retired Maj. Gen. Ahmed Abdullah al-Hassani, a former Yemeni navy commander and opposition leader, from his seat and spirited him away to an unknown destination.
    (AP, 8/15/12)
2012        Aug 15, Zimbabwe's Pres. Mugabe launched the national census, saying he hoped the once-a-decade count would measure the extent to which AIDS was affecting the population.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)

2013        Aug 15, A CIA history was released that referred to Area 51 in Nevada by name and described some of the activities that took place there.
    (SFC, 8/17/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 15, In southern California a boat was spotted by lifeguards in Malibu communicating with a truck in a parking lot. Authorities arrested two men and recovered 52 bales of marijuana.
    (SFC, 8/17/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 15, The Cayman Islands said it has concluded negotiations with the US on pacts to report information on accounts of American citizens.
    (SFC, 8/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 15, In Egypt Morsi supporters tried to storm the building housing the local government in Giza, Cairo's twin city on the west bank of the Nile River. Police repelled the attack, arresting several protesters. In a Cairo mosque the charred and mutilated bodies of more than 200 Egyptians awaited claim, apparently uncounted and unacknowledged by the state after security forces crushed Islamist protest camps.
    (AP, 8/15/13)(Reuters, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, Iran's conservative-dominated parliament rejected three of the new president's 18 nominees for his Cabinet but approved 15 others.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, In Iraq a wave of car bombs hit Baghdad, killing 33 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, In Kashmir two civilians, including a porter working for the Indian army, were reportedly wounded by Pakistani troops firing in Mendhar sector. Indian troops reportedly fired across the disputed border and wounding six civilians in the Kotli sector of Pakistan-held Kashmir.
    (AP, 8/16/13)
2013        Aug 15, In Lebanon a car bomb ripped through the southern Beirut stronghold of the militant group Hezbollah. 24 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 8/16/13)
2013        Aug 15, In Nigeria security forces repelled gunmen who attacked the police station and a military post in Damboa, 85 km (50 miles) from Borno state capital Maiduguri. Other militants gunned down villagers and firebombed about 20 homes.
    (AP, 8/16/13)
2013        Aug 15, Pakistani police shot and wounded Mohammad Sikandar, an armed motorist in Islamabad, after an hours-long standoff broadcast live on TV, during which he demanded the implementation of Islamic law in the country.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, Paraguay’s Pres. Horacio Cartes (57) made his inaugural speech saying "I promise to set an example with this government" by strengthening international ties and committing to human rights and fighting poverty.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, In South Africa education officials closed 16 schools, affecting some 12,000 students, in an impoverished area near Cape Town because of a spike in gang violence that has left teachers too afraid to go to work.
    (SFC, 8/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 15, Rosalia Mera (69), Spain's richest woman, died in La Coruna. The former seamstress and her then-husband, Armancio Ortega co-founded a clothing store in 1975 in La Coruna that grew into Zara, one of the world's largest retail chains. Ortega is listed by Forbes as the world's third-richest person.
    (AP, 8/16/13)
2013        Aug 15, In Syria gunmen shot dead imam Mohammed Dibo in the rebel-held town of Manbij while on his way to the mosque to perform dawn prayers. Al-Qaida militants posted a video showing two male Shiite teenagers, accused of being pro-government gunmen, sitting in front of a masked gunman and then being shot dead.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, Thousands of Syrian refugees poured into the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq, taking advantage of a new bridge along the largely closed border.
    (Reuters, 8/16/13)
2013        Aug 15, It was reported that an area of wetland on Lake Victoria's Lutembe Bay has been filled in so that a rose farm owned by Uganda business tycoon Sudhir Rupareliacould be expanded.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, Ukrainian politicians accused Russia of starting a trade war to pressure the country against signing a cooperation pact with the EU, bringing relations between the two former Soviet states to a new low.
    (AP, 8/15/13)

2014        Aug 15, Phoenix-based Elio said it plans to start making the cars next fall at a former GM plant in Shreveport, Louisiana. Already, more than 27,000 people have reserved one. The new commuter car has two seats, three wheels, gets 84 miles highway to the gallon and will cost $6,800.
    (AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, In Indiana William Clyde Gibson III (56) was sentenced to death in the strangling of Stephanie Kirk (35) of Charlestown. Gibson was sentenced to death last year for the murder of Christine Whitis (75), whose body was discovered in his garage days before Kirk's body was found.
    (AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, In Missouri Ferguson Police Chief Tom Jackson named Darren Wilson as the police officer who killed an unarmed black teenager in Ferguson last weekend, saying the officer had a good record and the incident came in the aftermath of a robbery in which the teen was a suspect. Protesters clashed with riot police in Ferguson for another night of civil unrest over the shooting death of Michael Brown.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14) (Reuters, 8/16/14)(AFP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 15, FBI agents arrested a New Mexico sheriff and his son after the lawman allegedly pistol-whipped a motorist following a March 11 high-speed car chase.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, In New York state Stephen Howells Jr. (39) and Nicole Vaisey (25), both of Hermon, were arrested and arraigned on charges they abducted two Amish sisters 7&12) with the intent to physically or sexually abuse them. The sisters were abducted Aug 13 from a farm stand in front of the family's home in Oswegatchie.
    (AP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 15, Texas Governor Rick Perry, a potential 2016 Republican presidential candidate, was indicted over allegations he abused his power, prompting calls for him to resign. A state grand jury in Austin indicted Perry on two felony charges -- abuse of official capacity and coercion of a public servant -- for his alleged threat to veto $7.5 million in state funding to an anti-corruption unit run by Travis County District Attorney Rosemary Lehmberg, a democrat.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, China’s state media reported that two HIV-positive passengers and a friend are suing a Chinese airline for refusing to let them on board, in the country's first such lawsuit.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, In Egypt 3 people were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi clashed after Friday prayers.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, The EU sought to forge a unified response to the rapid advance of Islamic militants in Iraq and the resulting refugee crisis, with several nations pledging more humanitarian aid and raising the possibility of directly arming Kurdish fighters battling Sunni insurgents.
    (AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto told his counterpart Vladimir Putin that Western sanctions against Moscow and the food ban Russia introduced in response were damaging bilateral ties and proposed to seek ways to end the Ukraine crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, Japan froze the assets of Ocean Maritime Management, operator of the North Korean ship seized for smuggling arms detained near the Panama Canal a year ago carrying Soviet-era arms.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, A Japanese whaling vessel, the 712-ton Shonan-maru No.2, was ordered into a Russian port after sailing through the Sea of Okhotsk off Sakhalin island without going through the proper procedures.
    (AFP, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 15, Iraqi tribal leaders and clerics from the Sunni heartland said they would be willing under certain conditions to join a new government that hopes to contain sectarian bloodshed and an offensive by Islamic State militants that threatens Baghdad. 25 Sunni tribes in Anbar province, including some that had previously been on the fence, announced that they were launching a coordinated effort to oust IS fighters. Militants entered the northern Yazidi village of Kocho and killed about 80 people. They took the women and children of Kocho to the nearby city of Tal Afar.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/16/14)(AP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 15, In Pakistan clashes broke out as tens of thousands of protesters from two anti-government movements slowly converged on the capital, presenting the 15-month-old civilian government with its biggest challenge yet.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, Mexico's foreign ministry protested Texas Governor Rick Perry's deployment of National Guard troops to the southern US border to halt the surge of child migrants.
    (AFP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 15, Poland put on its biggest military parade in years to mark its annual armed forces holiday.
    (AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, Dozens of heavy Russian military vehicles massed near the border with Ukraine, while Ukrainian border guards crossed the frontier to inspect a huge Russian aid convoy. Shelling killed 11 civilians and wounded eight more over the past 24 hours in the besieged rebel stronghold of Donetsk. NATO and Ukraine said Russian military vehicles did cross into Ukraine during the night and the Ukrainian president said most of them were destroyed by his troops.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)(AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, South Sudan's civil war entered its ninth month with rebels and government troops engaged in heavy battles.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution intended to weaken the Islamic State - an al Qaeda splinter group that has seized swaths of territory in Iraq and Syria and declared a caliphate - and al Qaeda's Syrian wing, Nusra Front. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait the next day agreed to comply with the resolution after four of their nationals were named among a group blacklisted by the international body.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)

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