Today in History - August 17

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682        Aug 17, Leo II, later St. Leo, began his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1498        Aug 17, French King Louis XII made Cesare Borgia (1475-1507) the Duke of Valentinois. Borgia resigned his position as cardinal, which had been bestowed on him at age 18 by his father, Pope Alexander VI.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cesare_Borgia)

1590        Aug 17, John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returned from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted. No trace of the settlers was ever found.
    (HN, 8/18/02)

1601        Aug 17, Pierre de Fermat (d.1665), French mathematician, was born. [There is some dispute as to his exact birthdate.]
    (WSJ, 11/25/96, p.A16)(SFEC,12/797, BR p.5)(SC, 8/17/02)

1743        Aug 17, By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden ceded southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed war with Russia.
    (HN, 8/17/98)

1786        Aug 17, Davy Crockett, American frontiersman and politician who died in the defense of the Alamo, was born.
    (HN, 8/17/98)
1786        Aug 17, Frederick the Great (b.1712) died. In 2000 Giles MacDonogh authored “Frederick the Great." In 2001 David Fraser authored “Frederick the Great: King of Prussia." In 2015 Tim Blanning authored “Frederick the Great: King of Prussia."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_the_Great)(WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A24)(Econ, 9/12/15, p.77)(http://tinyurl.com/qeeh657)

1787        Aug 17, Jews were granted permission in Budapest, Hungary, to pray in groups.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1805        Aug 17, Sacagawea, while traveling with the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery, reunited with her brother Cameahwait, a Shoshoni Indian chief on the Lemhi River (Idaho).
    (ON, 4/12, p.12)(http://sacajaweahome.com/august.htm)

1807        Aug 17, Robert Fulton’s "North River Steam Boat" (popularly, if erroneously, known to this day as the Clermont) began heading up New York’s Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany. It was 125 feet (142-feet) long and 20 feet wide with side paddle wheels and a sheet iron boiler. He averaged 5 mph for the 300-mile round trip. The boat was developed with business partner Robert Livingston.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.F4)(WSJ, 9/21/01, p.A22)(AP, 8/17/07)(ON, 6/12, p.1)

1809        Aug 17, In Canada work commenced on Nelson’s column, a tribute Adm. Horatio Nelson, was erected Place Jacques-Cartier, Montreal, Quebec.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson%27s_Column,_Montreal)

1812        Aug 17, Napoleon Bonaparte's army defeated the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow.
    (HN, 8/17/98)

1833        Aug 17, The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, began her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.
    (HN, 8/17/98)

1840        Aug 17, Wilfrid Scawen, writer (Irish Land League), was born in Blunt, England.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1844        cAug 17, Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1846        Aug 17, US took Los Angeles. [see Aug 13]
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1850        Aug 17, Jose Francisco de San Martin (b.1778), Argentine-born South American revolutionary hero, died in France. In 2009 John Lynch authored “San Martin: Argentine Soldier, American Hero."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_de_San_Mart%C3%ADn)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)

1858        Aug 17, The 1st bank in Hawaii opened.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1859        Aug 17, Harry Colcord crossed over the Niagara Falls while strapped to the back of French tightrope walker Blondin.
    (www.simpenguin.com/genealogy/blondin/charlesblondinbio.html)

1863        Aug 17, Federal batteries and ships bombarded South Carolina’s Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor during the Civil War, but the Confederates managed to hold on despite several days of pounding.
    (HN, 8/17/98)(AP, 8/17/08)

1869        Aug 17, Oxford beat Harvard on the Thames River in the 1st international boat race.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1870        Aug 17, Frederick Russell, developer of the 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine, was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1870        Aug 17, The 1st ascent of Mt. Rainier in Washington state.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1870        Aug 17, Esther Morris was named a justice of the peace in South Pass City, the first woman to hold public office in the US.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)(SC, 8/17/02)

1876        Aug 17, Eric Drummond, 1st Sec.-General of League of Nations (1919-33), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1876        Aug 17, The opera "Gotterdammerung" was produced at Bayreuth. [see Aug 13]
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1877        Aug 17, Asaph Hall discovered the Mars moon Phobos. Hall of the US Naval Observatory discovered the moons around Mars and named them Deimos (anxiety) and Phobos (fear), Homer’s names for the attendant’s of the god of war.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 4/30/00, Z1 p.6)(SC, 8/17/02)
1877        Sep 17, Henry Fox Talbot, English inventor of photography, died. In 1980 Gail Buckland authored "Fox Talbot and the Invention of Photography."
    (ON, 4/00, p.11)

1882        Aug 17, Samuel Goldwyn, American movie mogul who helped start MGM (Metro Goldwyn Mayer), was born as Schmuel Gelbfisz in Warsaw, Poland.
    (HN, 8/17/00)

1887        Aug 17, Marcus Garvy (d.1940), Black Nationalist and Jamaican leader who promoted the departure of African-Americans back Africa, was born. He was active in the US from 1916-1925 and advocated racial separation and emigration of American Negroes to Africa. He was deported in 1925. He was the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. He also founded the Black Star Line, a steamship company owned and operated by blacks to link black communities around the world.
    (AHD, p.544)(Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 36)(WSJ, 2/7/96, p.A-12)(HN, 8/17/98)

1888        Aug 17, Monty Wooley, actor (Pied Piper, Man Who Came to Dinner), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1890        Aug 17, Harry Hopkins, organized the Works Projects Administration (WPA) under President Roosevelt, was born.
    (HN, 8/17/98)

1892        Aug 17, Mae West (d.1980), American actress in burlesque, vaudeville, Broadway, and movies, was born in Brooklyn. "Marriage is a great institution, but I’m not ready for an institution, yet."
    (HN, 8/17/98)(AP, 8/31/00)(SC, 8/17/02)

1900        Aug 17, Quincy Howe, newscaster (CBS Weekend News), was born in Boston, Mass.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1901        Aug 17, Henri Tomasi, composer (Don Juan de Manara), was born in Marseilles, France.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1905        Aug 17, John Hay Whitney, publisher (NY Herald Tribune 1961-67), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1908        Aug 17, The San Francisco Bank of Italy opened new HQ at Clay and Montgomery.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1914        Aug 17, Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., son of FDR, (Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1915        Aug 17, Leo Frank, a Jewish factory manager, was lynched by a mob of anti-Semites in Cob County, Georgia. He had been convicted in the killing of Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old girl who worked at his pencil factory. The governor believed him innocent and commuted his death sentence in June. The state of Georgia pardoned Frank in 1986. In 2000 Stephen Goldfarb posted the names of some 2 dozen men believed to have participated in the murder.
    (WSJ, 6/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/02)(AP, 3/11/06)

1916        Aug 17, Umberto Boccioni (b.1882), Italian painter and sculptor, died. He was thrown from his horse and trampled during a cavalry training exercise. He helped shape the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement as one of its principal figures.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.71)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umberto_Boccioni)

1918        Aug 17, Mort Marshall, actor (Cully-Dumplings), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1920        Aug 17, Georgia Gibbs, singer (Ballin the Jack, Kiss of Fire), was born in Worcester, Mass.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1920        Aug 17, Ray Chapman died after he was hit in the head by Yanks' pitcher Carl Mays.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1921        Aug 17, Maureen O'Hara, actress (Miracle on 34th St), was born in Dublin, Ireland.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1922        Aug 17, Ralph Roberts, actor (Tradition, Gone are the Days), was born in NC.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1923        Aug 17, Larry Rivers (d.2002), painter and sculptor, was born in Bronx, NY, as Yitzroch Grossberg.
    (HN, 8/17/00)(SC, 8/12/02)(NW, 8/26/02, p.9)

1927        Aug 17, Robert Moore, actor (Marshall-Diana), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1929        Aug 17, Francis Gary Powers, US spy (USSR captured him in 1959 U-2 incident), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1929        Aug 17, James Horace Alderman, convicted of murdering 2 Coast Guardsmen and a Secret Service agent in 1927, was hanged at 5:00 a.m. at Coast Guard Base 6 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It was reported in the media that Alderman's neck was broken and he died a painless death. In fact, Alderman kicked and strangled for a full twelve minutes before being pronounced dead by a local doctor. He was the only person ever executed on Coast Guard property.
    (www.jacksjoint.com/hanging.htm)

1932        Aug 17, Chet Allen, actor (Jerry-Bonino, Slats-Troubleshooter), was born in Chickasha, Okla.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1932        Aug 17, John (Red) Kerr, basketball coach, was born.
    (HN, 8/17/00)
1932        Aug 17, V.S, Naipaul (b.1932), English novelist (Middle Passage), was born in Chaguana, Trinidad. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.C1)(SC, 8/17/02)

1939        Aug 17, Luther Allison, guitarist (Bad News is Coming), was born in Arkansas.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1939        Aug 17, The film "Wizard of Oz" opened at Loew's Capitol Theater in NYC.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1940        Aug 17, President Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister William Mackenzie King met in Ogdensburg, N.Y., where they agreed to set up a joint defense commission.
    (AP, 8/17/97)
1940        Aug 17, Wendell Willkie, a former Democrat, delivered his formal acceptance speech as the Republican nominee for president from his home in Elwood, Indiana.
    (WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.C17)(http://tinyurl.com/e3xrw)

1942        Aug 17, U.S. Eighth Air Force bombers attacked Rouen, France.
    (AP, 8/17/02)
1942        Aug 17, Marine Raiders attacked Makin Island (Kiribati) in the Gilbert Islands from two submarines. [see Aug 18]
    (HN, 8/17/98)

1943        Aug 17, Robert DeNiro, American actor, was born. He won Oscars for his roles in "The Godfather Part II" and "Raging Bull."
    (HN, 8/17/00)
1943        Aug 17, The Allied conquest of Sicily was completed as U.S. and British forces entered Messina.
    (AP, 8/17/97)(HN, 8/17/98)
1943        Aug 17, A mass attack of 376 B-17s attacked the Messerschmitt Bf-109 factory at Regensburg, Germany.  60 B-17s were shot down. That was a 16 percent loss rate and meant 600 empty bunks in England.
    (www.thisdayinaviation.com/17-august-1943/)

1944        Aug 17, The mayor of Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, met with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city. Adolf Hitler had decreed that Paris should be left a smoking ruin, but Dietrich von Choltitz thought better of his Fuhrer's order.
    (HN, 8/17/98)
1944        Aug 17, Japanese and Swiss officials agreed to divert 40% of millions of dollars, paid by the US and Britain for the care of prisoners of war held by the Japanese, to pay off Japan’s debts to Swiss businesses. The other 60% was for the free disposal by the Japanese government.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A10)

1945        Aug 17, Indonesian nationalists declared independence from the Netherlands. Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia’s indepen¬dence. Sukarno helped lead Indonesia to independence from the Dutch. President Sukarno, an ardent nationalist, became president at the time of Indonesian independence and helped the Communists become the leading party in the country. The Dutch resisted and 4 years of fighting followed.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.T7)(HNQ, 5/21/98)(AP, 8/17/99)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A17)(HN, 8/17/00)

1948        Aug 17, Former State Department official Alger Hiss faced his chief accuser, Whittaker Chambers, during a closed-door meeting in New York of the House Un-American Activities Committee, and repeated his denial that he'd ever been a Communist agent.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

1951        Aug 17, Hurricane winds drove 6 ships ashore at Kingston, Jamaica.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1952        Aug 17, Kathryn C. Thornton, PhD, astronaut, was born in Montgomery, Alabama.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1953        Aug 17, Kevin Rowlands, rocker (Dexy's Midnight Runners-Come on Eileen), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1955        Aug 17, Hurricane Diane followed hurricane Connie and flooded the Connecticut River killing 190 and doing $1.8 billion in damage.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1958        Aug 17, Belinda Carlisle, (GoGos lead singer, Heaven on Earth), was born in Hollywood.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1958        Aug 17, World's 1st Moon probe, US's Thor-Able, exploded at T +77 sec.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1959        Aug 17, A 7.1 quake struck at Yellowstone National Park.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1960        Aug 17, Sean Penn, actor (Fast Times at Ridgemont High), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1960        Aug 17, American Francis Gary Powers pleaded guilty at his Moscow trial for spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane.
    (HN, 8/17/98)
1960        Aug 17, Gabon became independence from France. Leon M'Ba, head of the Gabon Democratic Block, became the 1st president.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(WSJ, 1/24/97, p.A14)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1961        Aug 17, The Kennedy administration established the Alliance for Progress.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1962        Aug 17, Beatles replaced Pete Best with Ringo Starr.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1962        Aug 17, East German border guards shot and mortally wounded Peter Fechter (18), who had attempted to cross over the Berlin Wall into the western sector.
    (AP, 8/17/97)

1965        Aug 17, Glen Goldsmith, rocker (What You See is What You Get), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1966        Aug 17, Pioneer 7 launched into solar orbit.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1969        Aug 17, Donald E. Wahlberg Jr., rocker (New Kids-Hangin' Tough), was born in Boston.
    (www.donniewahlberg.com/bio.htm)
1969        Aug 17, Hurricane Camille hit the Gulf Coast at Pass Christian, Miss., leaving 256 people killed in Louisiana and Mississippi. 21 people were killed in an apartment complex in Pass Christian, where they had taken refuge. Damage was later estimated at $3.8 billion.
    (AP, 8/17/97)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A17)(AP, 8/30/05)(Econ, 1/14/12, p.61)
1969        Aug 17, Mies van der Rohe (b.1886), German-born American architect, died. He founded the Int’l. Style and designed early steel-framed and glass-jacketed buildings. He coined the phrase: "Less is more."
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.C5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Mies_van_der_Rohe)

1970        Aug 17, Venera 7 was launched by USSR for a soft landing on Venus.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera_7)

1971        Aug 17, Horace McMahon (b.1906), film, theater and TV actor, died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0573024/bio)

1972        Aug 17, The International Tribunal in The Hague pronounced that the Icelanders did not have sovereignty over the areas between 12 and 50 miles. The Icelandic government protested and decided to take no notice of this decree.
    (www.nat.is/travelguideeng/50_miles_limit_and_the_cod_war_1.htm)

1973        Aug 17, Conrad Aiken (b.1889), American Pulitzer winning poet and novelist, died.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/caiken.htm)

1975        Aug 17, Sig Arno (b.1895), German film actor (My Friend Irma), died in Hamburg, Germany.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sig_Arno)

1976        Aug 17, William Redfield (b.1927), film and TV actor, died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0714835/)

1978        Aug 17, The helium-filled balloon, Double Eagle II, crossed the Atlantic in 6 days. The first successful trans-Atlantic balloon flight ended as Americans Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman landed outside Paris.
    (AP, 8/17/97)(HN, 8/17/98)
1978        Aug 17, Afghanistan announced that defense minister Gen. Abdul Qadir, one of the Apr 27 coup leaders, has been arrested after the discovery of an alleged plot to overthrow the government. Qadir also belonged to the Parcham faction.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_in_Afghanistan)

1979        Aug 17, Vivian Vance (b.1909), TV and theater actress, died. She played Ethel Mertz in the “I Love Lucy" show.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vivian_Vance)

1980        Aug 17, William Keeton (b.1933), professor of biology at Cornell Univ., died. In 1967 he wrote the textbook Biological Science, which introduced thousands to an integrated view of biology that used evolution as a unifying theme. His lifelong enthusiasm for pigeons led to his groundbreaking research on how homing pigeons find their way home. He had attached magnets to homing pigeons to see if they could still home.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Tinsley_Keeton)(Econ, 7/13/13, p.69)
1980        Aug 17, In Australia Lindy Chamberlain’s 9-week baby, Azaria, was allegedly dragged away from a family campsite at Uluru, or Ayers Rock, by a dingo. The body was never found and Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton and ex-husband Michael Chamberlain were both convicted for the death but later exonerated in a case which made global headlines. She was released after 4 years and the Meryl Streep film "A Cry in the Dark" was based on her story. In 2012 a 4th coroner inquest ruled that a dingo was responsible for the infant’s death.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A14)(AFP, 10/6/04)(AFP, 10/11/10)(SFC, 6/12/12, p.A2)
1980        Aug 17, The Viking 1 Mars Orbiter was powered down after over 1400 orbits.
    (http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html)

1981        Aug 17, In Florida James Dvorak was found bludgeoned to death at Indian Harbor Beach in what was described as a robbery gone wrong. In 1981 William Dillon was convicted and sentenced to prison. In 2008 Dillon (49) faced a retrial after DNA evidence called into question his conviction.
    (SFC, 11/19/08, p.A4)(http://axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/article_28824.shtml)

1982        Aug 17, A jury in South Bend, Ind., acquitted self-avowed racist Joseph Paul Franklin, for the 1980 attempted assassination of Vernon Jordan Jr, National Urban League president.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2nzrco)
1982        Aug 17, Barney Phillips (68), American actor (Dragnet, Felony Squad), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0680237/)
1982        Aug 17, Ruth First, an exiled anti-apartheid activist, was killed in Mozambique from a letter bomb sent by agents of the Nationalist South African government.  In 1997 her daughter, Gillian Slovo, published "Every Secret Thing: My Family, My Country."
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.5)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.M6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_First)

1983        Aug 17, Ira Gershwin (b.1896), lyricist, died in Beverly Hills, Ca. Later a room at the Library of Congress’ Jefferson Building was dedicated to him and his brother George.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ira_Gershwin)(SFC, 12/4/96, p.E3)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.E5)

1985        Aug 17, More than 1,400 meatpackers walked off the job at the Geo. A. Hormel and Co.'s main plant in Austin, Minn., in a bitter strike that lasted just over a year.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
1985        Aug 17, Rajiv Gandhi announced Punjab state elections in India.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yru62e)

1986        Aug 17, A bronze pig statue was unveiled at Seattle's Pike Place Market.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1987        Aug 17, The DJIA closed above 2,700 for 1st time (2,700.57).
    (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/longterm/blackm/fund.htm)
1987        Aug 17, Rudolf Hess, the last member of Adolf Hitler's inner circle, died at a Berlin hospital near Spandau Prison at age 93, having apparently committed suicide by strangling himself with an electrical cord. His family claims that he was murdered [see May 10, 1941].
    (AP, 8/17/97)(SFEC, 8/17/97, p.A4)

1988        Aug 17, Vice President George Bush was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in New Orleans.
    (AP, 8/17/98)
1988        Aug 17, The US FDA approved Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1988-8/1988-08-17-ABC-10.html)
1988        Aug 17, Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), died on his 74th birthday in Poughkeepsie, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt,_Jr.)
1988        Aug 17, Pakistani President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq (63) and US Ambassador Arnold Raphel were killed in a mysterious plane crash. Zia, president from 1977-1988, was responsible for the 1977 overthrow and 1979 death of Premier Bhutto. Zia did much to turn Pakistan towards Islamic fundamentalism. Bhutto’s daughter, Benazir Bhutto, became prime minister in November.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-1)(AP, 8/17/98)(Econ, 6/14/08, p.103)

1989        Aug 17, The Commerce Department reported the U.S. trade deficit had shrunk to $8.7 billion in June.
    (AP, 8/17/99)

1990        Aug 17, The film "The Exorcist 3" premiered.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0099528/)
1990        Aug 17, The Commerce Department reported the US trade deficit shrank to $8.17 billion
    in June.
    (AP, 8/17/00)
1990         Aug, 17, Phyllis Polaner, former aide to his ex-wife Robin Givens, sued Mike Tyson (b.1966) for sexual harassment. A New York City civil jury found Tyson committed battery but that his behavior was "not outrageous."
    (www.canoe.ca/BoxingTysonHolyfield/tyson_chronology.html)(http://tinyurl.com/hfqx9)
1990        Aug 17, Pearl Bailey (b.1918), Broadway actress, singer, died in Philadelphia from a heart attack at age 72.
    (www.blackpressusa.com/history/Archive.asp?week=33)

1991        Aug 17, Iraq said it would "play host" to all foreign citizens in the country who were from "aggressive nations," and place them in military and civilian targets until the threat of war was over.
    (AP, 8/17/01)

1992        Aug 17, Actor-director Woody Allen admitted being romantically involved with Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daughter of Allen's longtime companion, actress Mia Farrow.
    (AP, 8/17/97)
1992        Aug 17, President Bush arrived in Houston for the opening of the Republican National Convention, which featured an address by former President Reagan.
    (AP, 8/17/97)

1993        Aug 17, A prosecutor in Wayne County, Mich., charged Dr. Jack Kevorkian under Michigan's ban on assisted suicide for aiding in the death of Thomas Hyde, who suffered from Lou Gehrig's disease. A jury later acquitted Kevorkian. Kevorkian provided patients means and assistance in dying and Michigan’s legislature moved to outlaw his work.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1993)(AP, 8/17/98)

1994        Aug 17, Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman resigned under pressure, the latest Clinton administration official felled by the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 8/17/99)

1995        Aug 17, James B. McDougal, McDougal’s ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury. James McDougal was convicted on 18 of 19 counts of fraud and conspiracy; Tucker was found guilty on one count of fraud and one count of conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted on four fraud-related charges. James B. McDougal’s sentencing was delayed when the court suggested he testify against the Clintons. He died of a heart attack in federal prison in Fort Worth, Texas, on March 8, 1998. Susan H. McDougal was sentenced to two years in prison, probation, community service and $305,000 in fines and restitution. She received a full Presidential pardon from outgoing President Bill Clinton in the final hours of his presidency on January 20, 2001. Jim Guy Tucker was convicted of three counts of felony; due to his poor health, he was sentenced to four years probation and 18 months of house detention and $325,000 in fines and restitution.
    (AP, 8/17/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McDougal)

1996        Aug 17, The Reform Party in Valley Forge, Pa., announced Ross Perot had won its nomination to be its first-ever presidential candidate.
    (SFC, 8/18/96, p.A10)(AP, 8/17/97)
1996        Aug 17, An Air Force C-130 cargo plane carrying gear for President Clinton crashed and exploded shortly after takeoff from Jackson Hole Airport in Wyoming; eight crew members and a Secret Service employee were killed.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/97)
1996        Aug 17, In Algeria more than 100 militants shot, stabbed and hacked to death some 63 people when they attacked 2 busses after setting a fake barricade. The government denied the report.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A9)
1996        Aug 17, In Brussels, Belgium, police led by Marc Dutroux unearthed the remains of two 8-year-old girls kidnapped in June of 1995.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A14)
1996        Aug 17, The first French woman in space, Claudie Andre-Deshays, took off from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in a Soyuz-U rocket.
    (SFC, 8/18/96, p.A2)
1996        Aug 17, It was reported that 900 million South African bees died this year. The Cape bees were introduced in the north and threw off the breeding patterns of the native bees. They were unable to endure the harsher climate and died. Fruit farmers and native plants were put into severe jeopardy.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A4)
1996        Aug 17, It was reported that tens of thousands of dead rats were caught in fisherman’s nets in India’s northeast Assam state. It was speculated that a rare poisonous bamboo flower was the cause.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A4)
1996        Aug 17, In Mexico federal prosecutor, Jesus Romero Magana (48), was killed. He was the first prosecutor to interrogate the gunman who killed Luis Colosio, the pres. candidate in 1994.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A9)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A1)(SFC, 9/16/96, p.A9)

1997        Aug 17, President Clinton urged both sides in the United Parcel Service strike to "redouble their efforts" to reach a deal, but hours later, negotiators recessed their intensive talks.
    (AP, 8/17/98)

1998        Aug 17, Pres. Clinton testified via video via closed-circuit TV from the White House before a grand jury concerning his relations with Monica Lewinsky. He then delivered a TV address in which he denied previously committing perjury, admitted his relationship with Lewinsky was "wrong," and criticized Kenneth Starr's investigation. "I did have a relationship with Miss Lewinsky that was not appropriate... It was wrong."
    (WSJ, 8/17/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/99)
1998        Aug 17, The Federal Reserve Board approved the megamerger of NationsBank and BankAmerica.
    (AP, 8/17/99)
1998        Aug 17, In China flooding of the Nen River at Daqing closed 1,391 wells and halted production at another 280. Daqing has 25,000 wells that produced 17.9 billion gallons of oil last year.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A7)
1998        Aug 17, India outlawed the use of quinacrine to sterilize women due to its suspected effects as a carcinogen.
    (WSJ, 8/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 17, The foreign debt of Nicaragua was reported to be $6 billion.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 17, NATO forces began a 5-day exercise in Albania as a threat to Serbia.
    (WSJ, 8/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 17, It was reported that spy satellites had detected a secret underground complex in North Korea that was suspected of being involved in a nuclear weapons program.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 17, Russia devalued its ruble and allowed the ruble's value to drop by up to 34 percent. It also imposed delays in the repayment of billions of dollars in debt. The government defaulted on $40 million in debt and provoked a stampede of capital from emerging markets. In 2010 Martin Gilman authored “No Precedent, No Plan: Inside Russia’s 1998 Default."
    (WSJ, 8/18/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/99)(WSJ, 10/4/00, p.A10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.95)

1999        Aug 17, In Bosnia the Office of the High Representative, an int'l. agency for carrying out aspects of the Dayton peace agreement, reported that as much as a billion dollars disappeared from public funds from int'l. aid projects. Losses were triggered when USAID called in loans from the Bosnia and Herzegovina Bank that could not be covered.
    (SFC, 8/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 17, In Colombia suspected rightist gunmen shot and killed at least 13 villagers in Zambrano including a girl age 13.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C2)
1999        Aug 17, In Iraq US and British warplanes bombed missile sites in the north and south and Iraqi military reported 19 people killed and 11 injured. 12 people were killed in Jesan by the bombing, 3 brothers, their wives, 4 children and another couple.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C2)(SFC, 8/19/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 17, In southern Lebanon Hezbollah guerrillas killed 2 Israeli soldiers and wounded 4 others in a revenge clash that left 1 guerrilla dead.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 17, In Peru officials reported that Carlos Audel Nunez, a Shining Path rebel leader aka "Comrade Manuel," was killed along with his wife in a clash with military forces.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C2)
1999        Aug 17, Pakistan said 6 soldiers and 2 civilians were killed in shelling by India.
    (WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 17, In Russia Yevgeny Primakov agreed to lead the Fatherland-All Russia Movement.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 17, Russia allowed the ruble to drop in value by up to 34 percent.
    (AP, 8/17/00)
1999        Aug 17, Rwanda and Uganda agreed to an immediate truce to 4 days of fighting in Kisangani, Congo.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 17, A 7.4 earthquake hit western Turkey with many killed and thousands injured. Over 17,000 were later reported killed. The quake was centered under the Sea of Armara on the North Anatolian fault. It was later reported to have pushed Turkey 4 feet closer to Europe.
    (SFC, 8/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.A1,13)(WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.A17)(AP, 8/17/03)

2000        Aug 17, Al Gore accepted the Democratic nomination for president, pledging a "better, fairer, more prosperous America" at the party's convention in Los Angeles. Shortly before Gore spoke, his running mate, Joseph Lieberman, was nominated by acclamation.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/05)
2000        Aug 17, Word leaked out that Independent Counsel Robert Ray was assembling a new grand jury to investigate President Clinton's conduct in the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Democrats charged Republicans were behind the release of information, but a federal judge said he was inadvertently responsible for the disclosure.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2000        Aug 17, It was reported that researchers had cloned pigs for the 1st time.
    (WSJ, 8/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 17, It was reported that a soybean aphid from China threatened the $13.5 billion US soybean market.
    (WSJ, 8/17/00, p.A2)
2000        Aug 17, In Afghanistan the Taliban reversed its decision against women working in bakeries.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D6)
2000        Aug 17, A bomb, planted by the Revolutionary Armed Forces Colombia, exploded in the village of Carmen de Bolivar and 2 children were killed.
    (SFC, 8/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Aug 17, India opened its first fashion show in Mumbai, Lakme India Fashion Week.
    (http://lifestyle.indianetzone.com/fashion/1/lakme_india_fashion_week_(lifw).htm)
2000        Aug 17, In Latvia a bomb exploded in Riga and 21 people were injured.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D6)

2001        Aug 17, US CIA Director George Tenet briefed Pres. Bush in Texas on day-to-day threats facing the US.
    (SSFC, 3/5/06, p.A18)
2001        Aug 17, Balloonist Steve Fossett was forced down by bad weather in Brazil after traveling 12,695 miles.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.A8)
2001        Aug 17, Henrietta Milstein, founder of the Burlington Coat Factory chain stores, died at age 72.
    (WSJ, 8/20/01, p.B8)
2001        Aug 17, It was reported that some 11,000 Afghanistan refugees had returned home from Pakistan.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.E1)
2001        cAug 17, The Brazilian Congress approved a legal civil code that made women equal to men.
    (SSFC, 8/19/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 17, Britain revealed plans for overhauling Northern Ireland’s police department. Both Catholic and Protestant groups opposed the changes.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 17, It was reported that police and private security forces in Honduras had killed at least 66 children this year.
    (SFC, 8/17/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 17, In Macedonia NATO’s 1st advance troops of Operation Essential Harvest arrived in Skopje.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 17, In South Korea Bang Sang-hoon, president and publisher of Chosun Ilbo, was arrested with 2 other prominent newspaper owners on charges of tax evasion and embezzlement. Pres. Dae-jun was accused of using tax investigation to stifle his critics.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A13)

2002        Aug 17, The new $ 1 billion Navy destroyer McCampbell, completed in July at the Bath Iron Works in Maine, was commissioned in SF.
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.A2)
2002        Aug 17, In China 3 days of floods and landslides caused by mountain torrents swept through southeastern Zhejiang province, killing at least 21 people.
    (Reuters, 8/17/02)
2002        Aug 17, In Indonesia a home-made bomb wounded 13 people, including two children, as they gathered to mark Independence Day in Aceh province.
    (Reuters, 8/17/02)
2002        Aug 17, In Mexico 8 men and a woman were lined up against a wall and gunned down with assault rifles and pistols at a ranch in the western state of Michoacan in what reports said may have been a drug-related massacre.
    (AP, 8/18/02)
2002        Aug 17, In Krakow, Poland, tens of thousands of adoring Poles gave the ailing Pope John Paul II a joyous welcome home as began his 9th papal visit to his native country.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2002        Aug 17, Russia troops battled with Chechen rebels who attacked a number of villages in southern Chechnya in fighting that has left nine soldiers and five civilians dead.
    (AP, 8/17/02)

2003        Aug 17, US Federal investigators joined industry teams in the search for clues into what triggered the country's worst power blackout in the Midwest and Northeast as the Bush administration promised to get answers and address whatever problem was found.
    (AP, 8/17/04)
2003        Aug 17, In southeastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a police headquarters sparking a battle that killed at least 15 fighters and seven Afghan police.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 17, Iceland launched its first whale hunt in more than a decade in the name of scientific research. The US, Britain and several other governments opposed to whaling labeled the hunt unnecessary.
    (AP, 8/18/03)
2003        cAug 17, Iranians in Semirom clashed with police over consolidation of the central city with less-affluent Shahreza. 8 people were left dead.
    (WSJ, 8/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 17, Saboteurs blew a hole in a giant Baghdad water main, forcing engineers to cut off water to the capital. Two ferocious blazes raged out of control along the pipeline that exports Iraq's oil to the north.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003         Aug 17, Mazen Dana (43), a Palestinian cameraman for Reuters, was shot dead by US troops in Iraq while he filmed outside Abu Ghraib prison in western Baghdad. Soldiers mistook his camera for a rocket-propelled grenade launcher. The official judgment of the US Military, given five weeks later, was that The Rules of Engagement required no warning and the tank crew were justified in shooting Mazen Dana, seeing his TV camera as a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, or RPG. No disciplinary action was taken against any US serviceman. Mazen was the 18th foreign journalist to be killed in Iraq since the occupation by the U.S. Military on March 20, 2003 and the second Reuters cameraman to be killed.
    (Reuters, 8/18/03)(www.truthout.org/docs_2005/030605A.shtml)(http://tinyurl.com/lxu5b)
2003        Aug 17, Indonesian investigators reported the arrest of 9 people in the Aug. 5 attack on the Marriott Hotel in Jakarta that killed 12 people and wounded nearly 150.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003        Aug 17, Nepal’s government forces detained and then shot dead 21 suspected Maoists in the village of Doramba. In 2005 the major responsible was cashiered and sentenced to 2 years in prison.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.23)(http://hrw.org/reports/2005/nepal0205/2.htm)

2004        Aug 17, Britain brought terrorism charges against 8 al Qaeda suspects tied to recent alerts about US financial sites. They were charged with conspiring to commit murder and use radioactive materials, toxic gases, chemicals or explosives to cause "fear or injury."
    (WSJ, 8/18/04, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/05)
2004        Aug 17, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili appealed to world leaders to convene an international conference on the conflict in breakaway South Ossetia, where daily exchanges of gunfire threaten to spark a war. The province operated as a conduit for smuggling between Georgia and Russia.
    (AP, 8/17/04)(Econ, 8/21/04, p.40)
2004        Aug 17, In Haiti a jury acquitted Louis-Jodel Chamblain, the leader of a paramilitary group blamed for killing some 3,000 people, after a 14-hour murder trial.
    (AP, 8/17/04)
2004        Aug 17, A US research institute said India is projected to outpace China and become the world's most populous country by 2050, growing by 50 percent in the next 46 years to reach more than 1.6 billion people.
    (AP, 8/17/04)
2004        Aug 17, At the Athens games, Romania won its second straight Olympic gold medal in women's gymnastics; the United States took silver while Russia won the bronze.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2004        Aug 17, Iran said it would destroy Israel's Dimona nuclear reactor if the Jewish state were to attack Iran's nuclear facilities.
    (AP, 8/17/04)
2004        Aug 17, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon approved the construction of 1,000 more homes in Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
    (AP, 8/17/04)
2004        Aug 17, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a 9-year-old Palestinian boy in Nablus as he sat on the front steps of his home eating a sandwich.
    (AP, 8/17/04)

2005        Aug 17, Hundreds of anti-war vigils were held nationwide, part of an effort spurred by Cindy Sheehan's protest near President Bush's Texas ranch in memory of her son Casey, who was killed in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2005        Aug 17, Researchers from Greenpeace Int’l reported that toxic waste from electronic devices discarded in the US and dismantled in China and India was posing a sever problem around Guiyu, China, and New Delhi, India.
    (SFC, 8/17/05, p.C3)
2005        Aug 17, John Bahcall (70), astrophysicist and force behind the Hubble telescope, died.
    (WSJ, 8/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 17, Australian scientists said that cyclone Ingrid, which lashed northeastern Australia in March, inflicted damage on 10 per cent of the Great Barrier Reef.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, Nearly 500 homemade bombs planted by suspected Islamic militants exploded nearly simultaneously across Bangladesh, killing 2 people, including a young boy, and wounding at least 73. The attacks were later attributed to Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen (JMB). 7 leaders of JMB were later arrested and 6 were to be hanged in 2007. In 2008 a court in northwestern Bangladesh sentenced seven Islamic militants to life in prison after finding them guilty of carrying the bombings.
    (AP, 8/17/05)(Econ, 8/27/05, p.35)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.40)(AP, 1/31/08)
2005        Aug 17, China announced a broad crackdown on all media harmful to young people.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.33)
2005        Aug 17, India’s Andhra Pradesh state banned a violent Maoist rebel group, two days after rebels killed 10 people, including a lawmaker and bureaucrat.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, In Iraq 3 car bombs exploded near a bus station and hospital in Baghdad, killing at least 43 people and wounding 89 in the deadliest attacks in the capital in weeks. A series of insurgent attacks also killed 11 Iraqis, including six soldiers assigned to protect oil pipelines in northern Iraq.
    (AFP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, Israeli troops entered Gaza's largest synagogue to remove hundreds of worshippers, who had formed long lines and swayed in prayer. A right-wing West Bank settler opposed to Israel's pullout from the Gaza Strip set herself on fire in southern Israel, suffering life-threatening burns on 70% of her body.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, Libya called on the Bulgarian government to negotiate a payment to win amnesty for five Bulgarian medics and a Palestinian sentenced to death for allegedly infecting 400 children with the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 8/18/05)
2005        Aug 17, Norwegian officials said 3 unarmed Polish researchers stranded on a remote Arctic island were rescued by helicopter as polar bears were closing in on them. The escape took place on an island in Norway's Svalbard archipelago, about 650 miles from the North Pole.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, In Paraguay US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld met with President Nicanor Duarte Frutos and was meeting with Minister of Defense Roberto Gonzalez Segovia, in part, to gauge their views on the escalating involvement of Cuban President Fidel Castro and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, Top Republic of Congo officials were acquitted of genocide and war crimes charges stemming from the disappearance of 350 refugees who had returned home during a cease-fire in the country's civil war.
    (AP, 8/17/05)
2005        Aug 17, Officials said Russia is investigating bird deaths in a region west of the Ural mountains in what could become the 1st case of the deadly bird flu virus spreading to Europe.
    (AP, 8/17/05)

2006        Aug 17, President Bush signed new rules to prod companies into shoring up their pension plans.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2006        Aug 17, A federal judge in Detroit ruled that President Bush's warrantless surveillance program violated the rights to free speech and privacy, as well as the separation of powers enshrined in the Constitution. The administration said it would appeal.
    (AP, 8/18/07)
2006        Aug 17, Several large California auto insurers said they will set premiums based on driving records rather than ZIP codes and reduce rates for most motorists.
    (SFC, 8/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 17, In New Orleans Merck & Co. lost a second federal trial over its withdrawn painkiller Vioxx and must pay $51 million to a retired FBI agent who had a heart attack after taking the drug for more than two years.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 17, Scientists believe they have found a key gene that helped the human brain evolve from our chimp-like ancestors. In just a few million years, one area of the human genome seems to have evolved about 70 times faster than the rest of our genetic code. It appears to have a role in a rapid tripling of the size of the brain's crucial cerebral cortex, according to an article published in the journal Nature.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 17, In the Arctic ice Lt. Jessica Hill (31) and Boatswain's Mate Steven Duque (22), divers on the US Coast Guard cutter Healy, died during a practice dive.
    (AP, 9/24/06)
2006        Aug 17, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb mistakenly dropped by a US-led coalition aircraft killed 10 Afghan police officers in Paktika province. 16 more people, including a US soldier, died in violence across the country.
    (AP, 8/17/06)(WSJ, 8/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 17, An overnight volcanic eruption in Ecuador's Andes mountains killed at least one person and left more than 60 others missing. It was the first fatality reported from a Tungurahua eruption since the volcano rumbled back to life in 1999 after staying dormant for eight decades.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 17, Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernandez named four generals and a former law partner to the Cabinet, a day after his party took control of the Caribbean country's Congress for the first time.
    (AP, 8/18/06)
2006        Aug 17, President Jacques Chirac announced that France will immediately double to 400 troops its contingent in the UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 17, In Indonesia an Islamic militant convicted in the 2002 Bali bombings was released from prison and 11 others jailed for minor roles had their sentences reduced to mark independence day.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 17, In Indonesia a woman died of bird flu in a village where authorities were investigating a possible cluster of human cases of the H5N1 virus.
    (AP, 8/20/06)
2006        Aug 17, In central Baghdad 2 car bombs killed 13 people and injured 55, hours after another bomb killed 8 laborers. One US soldier killed when a roadside bomb exploded near a foot patrol south of Baghdad. A gallon of gasoline on the black market in Baghdad sold for about $4.92, although the official price was 64 cents a gallon. Iraq said it had doubled the money allocated for importing oil products in August and September to tackle the country's worst fuel shortage since Saddam Hussein's 2003 ouster.
    (AP, 8/17/06)(SFC, 8/18/06, p.A7)
2006        Aug 17, Jordanian envoy Ahmed al-Lozi has presented his credentials to the Iraqi government, becoming the first fully accredited Arab ambassador in the country since the fall of Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 8/18/06)
2006        Aug 17, Lebanese troops, tanks and armored vehicles deployed south of the Litani River, a key provision of the UN cease-fire plan that ended fighting between Israel and Hezbollah. The deployment marks a first step toward extending government control in a region Lebanese troops have largely avoided for four decades. A Middle East Airlines passenger jet flew into Beirut airport from Jordan as officials partially lifted a 36-day Israeli air blockade.
    (AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Aug 17, An outbreak of strain of bluetongue, a disease transmitted to sheep by insects but which is not contagious nor known to affect humans, was detected in the southern Netherlands. Belgium and Germany soon reported cases.
    (AFP, 8/28/06)
2006        Aug 17, Sri Lankan troops beat back a fresh attempt by Tamil Tigers to overrun the main defenses of the northern peninsula of Jaffna and killed at least 98 guerrillas. At least six soldiers were killed and 60 wounded in the intense battle.
    (AFP, 8/17/06)

2007        Aug 17, The US Federal Reserve cut the primary discount rate, a dramatic move aimed at easing worries about tightening credit and calming global financial markets.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, New Mexico’s Gov. Bill Richardson ordered the state Health Department to resume planning of a medical marijuana program despite the agency's worries about possible federal prosecution.
    (AP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 17, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed a district chief and 3 of his children. 5 civilians were reported killed in fighting between NATO soldiers and Taliban in the east. Insurgents holed up in buildings and trenches attacked Afghan police and coalition forces near Fire Base Robinson. Nearly a dozen suspected militants were killed in the ensuing battle.
    (AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 17, Bill Deedes (b.1913), British journalist and politician, died in Kent, England. He is the only person in Britain to have been both a member of the British cabinet and the editor of a major daily newspaper.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Deedes)
2007        Aug 17, The Criminal Intelligence Service Canada annual report estimated that there are 950 organized crime groups operating in the country.
    (Reuters, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, Hurricane Dean tore through the eastern Caribbean islands of St. Lucia and Martinique, ripping roofs from buildings, downing trees and knocking out power. 100 mph winds ruined the entire banana harvest on St. Lucia and Martinique and battered the banana industry in Dominica.
    (AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 17, In eastern China a dike on the Wen river in Shandong province broke, sending water gushing into 2 mines run by the Huayuan Mining Co. in the city of Xintai. 181 miners were killed. In 2008 two managers were sentenced to 7 years in prison for their roles in the accident.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.58)(AP, 4/17/08)(AP, 8/17/08)
2007        Aug 17, Borse Dubai made a $3.95 billion takeover bid for OMX AB, challenging US-based Nasdaq Stock Market Inc. for ownership of the Stockholm-based Nordic stock exchange operator.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, PM Nouri al-Maliki told Sunni tribal chieftains in Tikrit that all Iraqis must join to crush al-Qaida in Iraq and extremist Shiite militias "to save our coming generations." The Ansar al-Sunna group posted a video showing the execution of Alaa Abboud Fartous Diab, a Defense Ministry official accused of working with US forces.
    (AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/18/07)
2007        Aug 17, Nigerian authorities imposed a dusk-to-dawn curfew in Port Harcourt after security forces and gang members clashed in battles that left dozens dead.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, In Peru six strong aftershocks struck as the death toll from the Aug 15 8.0 earthquake passed 500.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, Romania and the US started military training exercises to test installations that will become the first US facilities in the former Soviet bloc, a plan opposed by Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 17, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin said that he had ordered the military to resume regular long-range flights of strategic bombers.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, The six members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) held their first joint maneuvers on Russian land in a demonstration of their growing military ties and a shared desire to counter US global clout. The presidents of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan attended the unprecedented joint military exercises in Chelyabinsk near the Kazakh border.
    (AFP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, Serbia said it was time to return its security forces to Kosovo, a move that could derail last-ditch talks on the fate of the Albanian-majority territory before they begin.
    (Reuters, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, Saudi King Abdullah ordered two aid packages worth 20 million dollars each be dispatched to Sudan and Mauritania to help the impoverished African countries hit by severe floods.
    (AFP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, In the first trial of a minister from South Africa’s white racist government, former law and order Minister Adriaan Vlok and his police chief Johannes Van der Merwe were both sentenced to 10 years. However, they will not have to spend any time in prison if they commit no crimes for five years. Three other former top security officials were given five-year suspended sentences for their role in the 1989 plot to assassinate Frank Chikane.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, The UN announced that the Netherlands has agreed to host the tribunal that will prosecute suspects in the assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 8/17/07)
2007        Aug 17, Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa officially launched a peacekeeping brigade as part of a planned SADC standby force to be deployed on peace missions and to tackle disarmament and humanitarian crises on the continent.
    (Reuters, 8/17/07)(www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2007/sadc0820.htm)

2008        Aug 17, In San Mateo, Ca., the final race was held at Bay Meadows after nearly 74 years of horse racing.
    (SFC, 8/18/08, p.B1)
2008        Aug 17, Dave Freeman (47), co-author of "100 Things to Do Before You Die" (1999), a travel guide and ode to odd adventures that inspired readers and imitators, died after hitting his head in a fall at his home in Venice, Ca.
    (AP, 8/26/08)
2008        Aug 17, In Afghanistan 32 Taliban fighters died during a four-hour battle in Zabul province. 9 private security guards also died in the attack on a NATO convoy. About 7,000 police launched a massive security operation in Kabul as the country prepared to celebrate independence day.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, In eastern Algeria rebels linked to al Qaeda had killed eight policemen, three soldiers and a civilian in successive ambushes. 4 Islamist militants were killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 8/19/08)
2008        Aug 17, Two small planes collided in midair and crashed near Coventry in central England, killing five people.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, In Beijing Michael Phelps won his 8th gold medal as team mate Jason Lezak brought it home for a world record in the 400-meter medley relay.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, In Iraq Farooq al-Obeidi, deputy head of a group of US-allied Sunni fighters, was killed by a suicide bomber, dressed in a woman’s robe, along with at least 9 other people in the Azamiyah neighborhood of northern Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/18/08, p.A6)(AP, 8/18/08)
2008        Aug 17, Israel's Cabinet approved the release of some 200 Palestinian prisoners as a goodwill gesture to the government of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, In the southern Philippines Muslim guerrillas killed four soldiers and four militiamen in an ambush of a military convoy.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, The Kremlin promised to start withdrawing combat troops from Georgia on August 18, as Western pressure mounted on Russia to quit the ex-Soviet republic.
    (AFP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, Southern African countries launched a regional trade zone at a Johannesburg summit that aims to eliminate import tariffs, with plans for a common currency by 2018. Eleven of the 14 countries that are part of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) will participate in the free trade area, including Zimbabwe. Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Malawi planned to join at a later date due to weak economies.
    (AFP, 8/17/08)
2008        Aug 17, A Sudanese court sentenced to death a top Darfur rebel and seven others, bringing to 38 the number condemned to hang over an unprecedented attack on Khartoum that killed more than 222 people.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2009        Aug 17, Albert Gonzalez (28) of Miami, a former informant for the US Secret Service who helped the agency hunt hackers, was indicted in New Jersey and charged with conspiring with two other unnamed suspects to steal the private information. He allegedly stole information from 130 million credit and debit card accounts in what federal prosecutors called the largest case of identity theft yet. He was already in jail awaiting trial in a hacking case. On Aug 28 Gonzalez agreed to plead guilty and serve up to 25 years in federal prison.
    (AP, 8/18/09)(SFC, 8/29/09, p.A4)
2009        Aug 17, In Afghanistan former Uzbek militia chief General Abdul Rashid Dostum threw his support behind President Hamid Karzai one day after returning from exile in Turkey. Four minor candidates announced they were withdrawing and throwing their support behind Karzai. A roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan killed a US service member, while an American civilian working for the military died after insurgents attacked a patrol in the east.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, The Central African Republic’s Communications Minister Cyriaque Gonda said on state radio that the government has set a three-year timetable to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate former rebels.
    (AFP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, Czech media reported that two Russians have been ordered out of Prague, including a deputy military attache. Prague has previously complained about an increase in Russian spying that it linked to the US plans. Russia responded by ordering two Czech diplomats out of Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/18/09)
2009        Aug 17, In Ingushetia a suicide bomber attacked a police station in Nazran city in Russia's North Caucasus with an explosives-laden truck, killing at least 21 people and wounding more than 100 others. 9 officers were still missing.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(AP, 8/18/09)
2009        Aug 17, The new head of Iran's judiciary suggested that he would prosecute security agents accused of torture in the postelection crackdown, a nod from the country's conservative leadership to widespread anger to reports that jailed protesters were abused.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, Human Rights Watch said Iraqi militiamen are torturing and killing gay men with impunity in a systematic campaign that has spread from Baghdad to several other cities.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, Israeli soldiers mistakenly shot and wounded an Egyptian policeman near Eilat along the border between the two countries.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, In Mexico at least 8 people were killed early in the day when gunmen opened fire in a bar in drug-plagued Ciudad Juarez on the Texas border. Gunmen killed a father and his 4-year-old son and wounded the mother as the family drove on a highway near Ciudad Juarez. 2 girls, ages 12 and 14, died after being struck by lightning on a soccer field during a religious service in the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez in Chiapas state. In Monterrey four gunmen died in a shootout with soldiers and three other suspects were detained. Three soldiers suffered light injuries in the clash.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(www.wtop.com/?nid=105&sid=1646540)(AP, 8/18/09)
2009        Aug 17, North Korea said it would restart tours to a scenic mountain resort and allow reunions for families separated since the Korean War, a surprise move that could help ease months of tensions with South Korea over Pyongyang's missile and nuclear tests.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, In northwest Pakistan a bomb blast claimed by Taliban militants killed seven people including children, as 31 insurgents were reported dead in a fresh wave of unrest. Overnight in Swat's main town Mingora, a suicide bomber blew himself up, wounding four soldiers as they tried to arrest him. Security forces captured Maulvi Umar, the Pakistani Taliban's top spokesman, and he acknowledged the death of the group's leader in a recent US missile strike.
    (AFP, 8/17/09)(AP, 8/18/09)
2009        Aug 17, Russian media reported that the Arctic Sea has been found near Cape Verde and that the ship's 15-man Russian crew has been taken aboard a Russian naval vessel.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, In Russia powerful explosion took place during repair work at the Sayano-Shushinskaya hydroelectric plant in southern Siberia. The death toll soon reached 69 with 6 still missing and feared dead after an engine room was suddenly flooded. The accident produced an oil spill and the slick that floated down the Yenisei River.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(AP, 8/18/09)(AP, 8/21/09)(AP, 8/23/09)
2009        Aug 17, It was reported that 200,000 Russian military officers faced early retirement, as the government conducts a sweeping reform that will eliminate the jobs of six out of every 10 members of its top-heavy officer corps.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, In Somalia gunmen stormed a UN aid compound in Wajid overnight, sparking a gunbattle that killed three of the attackers and wounded one. Hundreds of pro-government militiamen rolled into Bula Hawa town near the Kenyan border after al-Shabab fighters abandoned it.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, In Sweden the Aftonbladet tabloid published an incendiary article claiming that Israeli soldiers had harvested the organs of some Palestinians whom they had shot. Israel quickly denounced the article, while Sweden defended its freedom of expression.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.44)
2009        Aug 17, In Thailand thousands of supporters of deposed PM Thaksin Shinawatra rallied in central Bangkok and then marched to the royal palace, seeking a pardon for the fugitive leader.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Aug 17, Former Zambian President Frederick Chiluba (1991-2001) was cleared of corruption charges following a six-year trial after a magistrate ruled that $500,000 of allegedly embezzled funds could not be traced to government money.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(Econ, 8/22/09, p.43)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.51)

2010        Aug 17, A federal jury in Chicago deadlocked on all but one of 24 charges against former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich. He was convicted of lying to federal agents. Prosecutors pledged to retry the case as soon as possible.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 17, In Los Angeles an abandoned trunk was found by two women clearing out an apartment building basement that was filled with items that accumulated during years of remodels. Two leather doctor bags contained the mummified remains of two infants. The trunk also contained ticket stubs from the 1932 KA Olympic games. DNA testing later linked the infants to Janet M. Barrie (1897-1995), an Irish immigrant who worked as a private live-in nurse for Mary Knapp, the wife of dentist George Knapp.
    (SFC, 11/19/10, p.C5)
2010        Aug 17, American oil company Anadarko said it has discovered offshore oil deposits in northern Mozambique, but it is unclear if the find will prove commercially viable.
    (AFP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, In Texas Patrick Gray Sharp (29) was killed in a shootout with police after he towed a trailer full of explosives in front of suburban Dallas police station and opened fire in an apparent attempt to lure people out to kill them.
    (AP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 17, Texas executed Peter Anthony Cantu (35), a former gang member, for taking part in the rape and murder of 2 teenage girls in 1993.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai issued a decree ordering that all private security firms in the country should be disbanded within four months.
    (AFP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, Bahraini lawyer Mohammed al-Tajir said a total of 10 activists, including eight leading members of the opposition, have been detained since Aug 14.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, In Brazil police officers repeated shot a 14-year-old boy just outside his house in Manaus. The boy survived, but was seriously injured. On March 24, 2011, five police officers were detained after Brazilian television released amateur video that showed the shooting. A prosecutor said the officers allegedly involved in the shooting told him they were asking the minor about a gun used in a crime in the neighborhood.
    (AP, 3/24/11)
2010        Aug 17, British retiree Christopher Tappin (63) insisted he is the innocent victim of entrapment by US customs agents. American authorities accuse him of plotting to sell missile components to Iran in a deal exposed in an undercover sting. Tappin told reporters at a news conference in London he had been duped by the customs agents, had no contacts with Iran and had stood to make only $500 from his role in the deal.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, A new British report said police detected more than 6,800 cannabis farms and factories in the UK in the last 12 months, more than double the number found in 2007-2008.
    (AFP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, Canadian officials said a nuclear reactor responsible for production of about a third of the world's medical isotopes has resumed operation after more than a year-long shutdown. Atomic Energy of Canada said that after low-power testing on the Chalk River reactor in Ontario proved successful, the 53-year-old facility returned to full power for the first time since a heavy water leak forced it offline in May 2009.
    (Reuters, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, At least 4 Tibetans were fatally shot and 30 others wounded when Chinese police opened fire on demonstrators protesting the expansion of a gold mine they blamed for causing environmental damage in southwestern China's Sichuan province not far from the border with Tibet. On Aug 30 the official Xinhua News Agency reported that a 47-year-old Tibetan named Babo died after being hit "by a stray bullet when police fired warning shots with an anti-riot shotgun."
    (AP, 8/28/10)(AP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 17, Colombia’s Constitutional Court ruled that last year's agreement giving the US military access to more Colombian bases is unconstitutional because it wasn't approved by legislators.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, An Iranian fighter jet crashed in southern Iran near the country's nuclear power plant that is to start up over the weekend. The two pilots ejected safely.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber sat for hours among hundreds of army recruits before detonating nail-packed explosives strapped to his body, killing 61 people and casting new doubt on the ability of Iraqi forces as US troops head home.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, In Israel a Palestinian who broke into the Turkish Embassy trying to take hostages and demanding asylum was turned over to Israeli authorities. The next day his lawyer claimed that Nadim Injaz was a former Israeli informer who was seeking political asylum. 2 Israeli soldiers were lightly wounded by a mortar shell fired from Gaza. Later in the day Israeli warplanes struck targets including Hamas training facilities in five locations in Gaza. No one was hurt.
    (AP, 8/17/10)(AP, 8/18/10)(AFP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 17, Francesco Cossiga (1928-2010), former Italian premier (1979-1980) and president (1985-1992), died. He led Italy’s fight against domestic terrorism in the 1970s and 1980s but resigned after failing to save the life of a politician kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
    (AP, 8/17/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_Cossiga)
2010        Aug 17, Lebanon's Parliament passed a law that for the first time grants the country's Palestinian refugees the right to work in any profession.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, Amsterdam police found 7,000 kg of marijuana and hashish in a warehouse near Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands, after arresting a 35-year-old man on suspicion of selling narcotics. The estimated street value was 40 million euros (32.8 million pounds).
    (Reuters, 8/24/10)
2010        Aug 17, A Human Rights Watch report said Nigerian police corruption has led officers to regularly detain innocent people to extort cash, with some tortured or allegedly killed in the process. The report was based on interviews with more than 145 victims of or witnesses to police corruption.
    (AFP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, North Korea rejected a new unification proposal from South Korea, calling it a "ridiculous" plan aimed at weakening the North in preparation for a US-assisted invasion.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, A North Korean military plane, what appeared to be a MiG-21 fighter jet, crashed in northeastern in Liaoning province. China’s official Xinhua News Agency later said it went down because of mechanical failure. The pilot reportedly died on the spot.
    (AP, 8/19/10)
2010        Aug 17, The World Bank said it will redirect $900 million of its existing loans to Pakistan to help in flood recovery, as the UN warned that many of the 20 million people affected by the disaster have yet to receive any emergency aid.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, In southern Russia a vehicle exploded outside a cafe, injuring at least 15 people in downtown Pyatigorsk, a city in Russia's North Caucasus. A suicide bomb attack earlier in the day in North Ossetia killed one police officer.
    (AP, 8/17/10)(Reuters, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, A Russian scientist said several thousand Muscovites are thought to have died in July alone from this year's unprecedented heatwave and August could add more fatalities to the grim statistics.
    (Reuters, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, In South Africa media watchdogs slammed proposed media regulations as a "draconian" ploy to muzzle the press and protect corrupt officials.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, Taiwan's parliament approved a historic but controversial trade deal with China which is expected to bring the two former rivals closer than ever before. Taiwan's Defense Ministry urged the US to sell the island advanced weapons systems, after a Pentagon report concluded that China's arms buildup is giving it a wider military advantage over Taiwan.
    (AFP, 8/17/10) 
2010        Aug 17, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez signed a new law into effect that formalizes the exclusion of private brokerages from trading the local bolivar currency or public sector dollar-denominated debt.
    (AP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 17, A Venezuelan court ordered one of the country’s leading newspapers to stop publishing photographs depicting blood, guns and other violent images and warned it could face a hefty fine for having published a photo of bodies in a morgue.
    (AP, 8/17/10)
2010        Aug 17, Vietnamese and US officials held their first defense talks as the two countries celebrated the 15th anniversary of normalizing relations.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A2)

2011        Aug 17, US health officials said two children and a young man have died this summer from the brain-eating Naegleria fowleri, an amoeba that lives in water. About 120 US cases, almost all of them deaths, have been reported since the amoeba was identified in the early 1960s, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, In New Jersey Randy "Amanda" Lehrer (32) was last seen leaving a diner where she worked. Her remains were found Sep 23 encased in concrete in the basement of the apartment building where she and her husband lived with their infant daughter. Her husband, Steven Acuna, was charged with her murder and jailed on $1 million bail.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Aug 17, Texas Gov. and GOP presidential candidate Rick Perry told New Hampshire voters that he does not believe in manmade global warming, calling it a scientific theory that has not been proven.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, SABMiller, one of the world's largest brewers, said it will take a $10 billion bid for rival Foster's Group Ltd. straight to the Australian company's shareholders after the board rejected its offer as too low.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Colombia suspected FARC rebels ambushed and killed five police officers and wounded two in the southwestern coastal town of Tumaco.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, An Egyptian military tribunal sentenced two young activists to 6-months in prison after convicting them of insulting the army.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 17, Southern Ethiopia teetered on the brink of a food crisis. The Ethiopian government said 250,000 people need food aid amid what the UN says is the worst drought in 60 years. An aid organization and agricultural officials said the number of people who need emergency food aid in Ethiopia is bigger, around 700,000.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Germany vandals set fire to 18 cars parked in residential Berlin neighborhoods overnight. Vandals had torched 11 cars the previous evening. Police believed the arsons were politically motivated. Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a four-year extension for a package of terrorism-fighting measures enacted after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, Iran's foreign minister Ali Akbar Salehi, speaking in Russia, said Iran is ready to resume negotiations on its nuclear program and a Russian proposal will aid the process.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, Lebanon’s parliament passed legislation banning smoking in closed public places, like bars and restaurants. It will go into effect over the next year.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 17, In Libya rebels battled Moammar Gadhafi loyalists for control over the only functioning oil refinery in the western city of Zawiya, as the opposition tried to cut off fuel supplies to the regime's stronghold of Tripoli. NATO warplanes sunk a tugboat carrying troops loyal to Gadhafi away from Zawiya as rebels advanced closer to Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/19/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Pakistan Islamist militants crossed over from Afghanistan and shot dead an anti-Taliban tribal elder and his son in the northwestern Bajur tribal region. Suspected gang members killed 17 mostly Urdu-speaking people in Karachi. Many of the victims were tortured, shot and stuffed in sacks that were dumped on the streets.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, Peru's new government confirmed that it is temporarily suspending eradication of coca in the central Tingo Maria region while it re-evaluates its counter-drug program. Peru is the No. 2 producer of cocaine after Colombia. Its coca crop has been growing steadily the past four years.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, In the Philippines the Moro Islamic Liberation Front vice chairman Ghazali Jaafar said its central committee plans to issue a resolution declaring that Ameril Umbra Kato is no longer a member unless he returns to its fold, an unlikely prospect since he has rejected earlier calls to rejoin. Kato has opposed the main rebel group's peace talks with the government and called for jihad, or holy war, for a separate Muslim state.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, A group of some 27,000 South Koreans sued Apple for $26 million for what they claim are privacy violations from the collection of iPhone user location information.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Spain an anti-pope demonstration was held in Madrid. Police had arrested Mexican chemistry student Jose Perez Bautista (24) a day earlier because of threats he made on the Internet against anti-pope demonstrators due to take part in the rally. Bautista was released on Aug 18 but remained under investigation.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, Syrian troops detained dozens of people in a Damascus neighborhood and the coastal city of Latakia in overnight raids as President Bashar Assad's regime tried to forcefully end a five-month uprising. A woman died of her wounds two days after she was injured in Latakia. In the northwestern Idlib province, a bullet killed a man as he stood on his balcony. , Activists said security forces killed 18 people across the country including 9 in Homs.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, Doctors in Trinidad said PM Kamla Persad-Bissessar is among the nearly 1,700 people who have been diagnosed with hemorrhagic dengue, a mosquito-born virus. He was expected to recover.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, In Turkey Kurdish PKK rebels ambushed a military convoy in Cukurca township near the border with Iraq killing 9 soldiers. Officials vowed strong military retaliation. Turkey's air force attacked 60 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq. The military it vowed to continue the assault until the guerrilla group is "rendered ineffective."
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.43)
2011        Aug 17, The United Nations appealed for $1.2 billion for famine victims in Somalia and its Horn of Africa neighbors and Muslim nations pledged to contribute $350 million.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, The Vatican, reeling from unprecedented criticism over its handling of sexual abuse cases in Ireland, took the unusual step of publishing its internal files about Rev. Andrew Ronan (d.1992) accused of molesting youngsters in Ireland and the US. A man, known in court papers as John V. Doe, was seeking to hold the Vatican liable for the abuse. Files showed that the Holy See didn't learn of the accusations against Ronan until 1966, after the abuse against Doe occurred in Portland.
    (AP, 8/17/11)
2011        Aug 17, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez said that he is nationalizing the nation’s gold mining industry and that he intends to bring home $1 billion in gold reserves held in the US and European banks. In western Venezuela inmates brawled in an overcrowded prison, killing seven prisoners and injuring 37 people, including eight visitors.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)(AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 17, A Venezuelan military helicopter carrying 10 soldiers crashed into the sea off the Caribbean coast. Searchers rescued one soldier and found the body of one of the helicopter's pilots. The wreckage and remaining bodies were recovered by Aug 20.
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 17, Yemeni opposition leaders formed a national council to act as government in waiting. 143 members were recruited from a broad array of the opposition, including military commanders and former members of government.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)

2012        Aug 17, Brittni Nicole Colleps (28), a former North Texas high school teacher, was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison for having sex with five 18-year-old students at her home in 2011. Three former students, who testified a day earlier, said that they did not consider themselves victims and did not want to see their former English teacher prosecuted.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, Two Afghan security personnel opened fire on Western colleagues, killing two US soldiers and causing a number of other casualties in two separate attacks in Farah province. The attacker was shot and killed. Hours later ISAF confirmed that "a number" of foreign and Afghan soldiers were shot and wounded by an Afghan soldier in the southern province of Kandahar. A British died as a result of enemy action while on sentry duty in the Nahri Saraj district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)(AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, Australian police said they were investigating the theft of some 500,000 credit card numbers which resulted in Aus$25 million (US$26.2 million) worth of fraudulent transactions.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Bahraini security forces shot dead Shiite teenager, Hussam al-Haddad (16), as a group of protesters attacked police late at night with petrol bombs near the capital Manama.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, Bangladesh authorities said they have rescued at least 60 fishermen abducted last week by pirates in the Bay of Bengal, as naval and air forces cracked down on criminal activity at sea.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Ethiopian Airlines received Africa's first Boeing 787 Dreamliner, making Ethiopia the only country aside from Japan to operate the innovative aircraft. Ethiopian Airlines has purchased ten 787 Dreamliners from Boeing.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, In France Patrick Ricard (67), chairman of the board of directors of Pernod Ricard, died. He transformed a small firm based on his father's anis-flavored liquor into a global entity with some of the most famous names in alcohol.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Greece a local crowd on the island of Hydra attacked tax police after they detained a restaurant owner who did not provide receipts to clients. Riot police arrived the next day and the owner was transported to Athens by coast guard ship.
    (AP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 17, India's national auditor said the government lost huge sums of money by selling coal fields to private companies without competitive bidding and in a deal for Delhi's international airport, adding to massive losses from dubious auctions of other state assets.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, India demanded social networking websites take down provocative messages and blocked some online content after anonymous threats sparked an exodus of migrants from southern cities. Local media reports estimated that over 35,000 people had fled cities including Bangalore and Mumbai, packing special trains arranged to carry panicked students and workers back to the northeast. The government later said much of the inflammatory Internet activity originated from Muslim-majority Pakistan.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Israel a mob of Jewish teens beat a Palestinian unconscious in downtown Jerusalem. Seven people, aged 13 to 19, were arrested in connection with the assault on Jamal Julani (17).
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Mexico 12 people died when a bus heading to a resort in Mazatlan crashed into a ravine in Durango state.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/9xy5n5u)
2012        Aug 17, In Pakistan a bomb struck a bus taking some 40 Shiite Muslims to a protest rally in Karachi, killing one man and wounding 11 others. In the southwest a suicide bomber blew up his explosive-laden car at a check post late at night killing 5 people including 3 soldiers.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)(AFP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 17, The ruling Palestinian militant group Hamas, said a member of its armed wing, Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, died when a bomb he was guarding exploded accidently.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Philippine President Benigno Aquino signed a law creating a one billion peso (about $24 million) "survival fund" to combat the effects of climate change.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 17, Polish prosecutors charged the owner of Amber Gold Fund, a suspended investment fund, with illegal activity in a case that has increased government scrutiny of the country's private financial firms. More than 400 of its clients have written to the prosecutors to seek reimbursement of their money. They were lured to the fund by promises of a 10 percent interest. Prosecutors later said investors lost about 163 million zlotys ($50 million; €40 million), a number that has been mounting as more and more victims come forward.
    (AP, 8/17/12)(AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 17, A Russian judge found three members of the provocative punk band Pussy Riot guilty of hooliganism. A court sentenced the women to two-year jail sentences for their anti-Putin stunt performed in a prominent Moscow church.
    (AP, 8/17/12)(AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, Syrian forces battled rebels near the airport in Aleppo. A UN refugee agency spokesman said 3,500 people crossed into Turkey over the previous 2 days. UN officials in Syria were starting to close down their military observer mission after failed international attempts to broker a cease-fire.
    (AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, In Thailand a fire ripped through a nightclub popular on the resort island of Phuket early today, leaving at least 4 people dead and more than 20 others injured. The venue was said to be officially closed at the time of the fire but about 70-80 people were still inside sheltering from heavy rain.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 17, The UN said Lakhdar Brahimi (78) of Algeria, a veteran diplomat troubleshooter, will take over from Kofi Annan as the international envoy on the Syria conflict.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)

2013        Aug 17, A hunter’s camp fire in California’s Tuolumne County turned into a wildfire that came to known as the Rim Fire.
    (SFC, 9/6/13, p.A11)
2013        Aug 17, In Idaho the Beaver Creek wildfire, ignited by lightning on Aug 7, forced the evacuation to over 2,300 residences. The fire covered over 140 square miles and was just 6% contained.
    (SSFC, 8/18/13, p.A10)
2013        Aug 17, In Afghanistan insurgents staged a pre-dawn ambush on a construction camp in western Herat province, killing 10 people. 5 members of a family were killed in the Marjah district of southern Helmand province when their mini-van struck a roadside bomb. In Farah province a suicide bomber detonated his explosive vest inside a private medical clinic, killing 3 people including a local police commander.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, In Egypt clashes continued near a downtown Cairo mosque, where hundreds of Morsi's supporters remained after barricading themselves inside overnight. A security official said Mohammed al-Zawahri, leader of the ultraconservative Jihadi Salafist group, was detained at a checkpoint in Giza. He is the brother of al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, Indonesian police said unidentified gunmen have killed 2 police officers near Jakarta.
    (SSFC, 8/18/13, p.A3)
2013        Aug 17, In Iraq a truck bomb exploded at the Umm Qasr commodities port near the oil-exporting southern city of Basra. Four people were wounded. Shipping traffic was not affected. Attacks on security checkpoints in central Iraq killed 9 soldiers and wounded five others.
    (Reuters, 8/17/13)(AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, In Italy a German tourist died in Venice after the gondola he was riding in crashed into a larger boat ferrying passengers along the Grand Canal.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, In Libya a bomb blast ripped through the garden wall of the Egyptian consulate in the eastern city of Benghazi, injuring a security guard who needed hospital treatment.
    (Reuters, 8/18/13)
2013        Aug 17, Madagascar's special electoral court removed the country's incumbent president, the wife of his longtime rival and a former president from its list of presidential candidates. The court said Andry Rajoelina's filing for candidacy did not occur during the statutory period and that neither Lalao Ravalomanana nor former president Didier Ratsiraka met the physical residence requirements for candidacy of living in the country for six months.
    (AP, 8/18/13)
2013        Aug 17, In Mexico Mario Armando Ramirez Trevino, a top drug boss in Reynosa, was captured in a military operation near the Texas border. The bodies of 9 men were found western Michoacan state, where the Knights Templar drug cartel is fighting civilian-led vigilante groups, some with ties to other cartels. Authorities in Guerrero state said 14 bodies were found, including 8 in San Miguel Totolapan and 6 in a mass grave in Taxco.
    (Reuters, 8/17/13)(SSFC, 8/18/13, p.A3)
2013        Aug 17, Russian media said as many as 100,000 people may be evacuated from their homes near Russia's border with China if the region's biggest floods for 120 years get worse. Floodwater has already led to the evacuation of about 170,000 people from the Amur, Khabarovsk and Jewish Autonomous regions.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, In Russia a boat, piloted by a captain suspected of being drunk, crashed into a barge on the Irtysh river, 10 km from the Siberian city of Omsk. 4 people were killed and 49 injured.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, Somalia's government executed a man who was convicted of murdering a journalist, the first such execution in a country where those who kill media workers often evade justice.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, In central Syria gunmen shot dead 11 people, mostly Christians, outside Ein al-Ajouz. The attack was described by a local resident as aimed at members of the religious minority.
    (AP, 8/17/13)
2013        Aug 17, In southern Yemen local officials said at least 27 people have died and more than 41 left missing after a wedding party was swept away while driving across a valley flooded by monsoon rains.
    (Reuters, 8/17/13)

2014        Aug 17, In Arkansas two Union Pacific freight trains collided in Hoxie killing 2 crew members.
    (SFC, 8/18/14, p.A4)
2014        Aug 17, In Missouri one person was shot and seven people were arrested early this morning as police used smoke and tear gas to impose a curfew on Ferguson. The NY Times reported that a preliminary private autopsy report found that Michael Brown, the black teen killed by a police officer in Ferguson, was shot at least six times. Gov. Jay Nixon said he would send the National Guard into Ferguson to restore calm after authorities forcibly dispersed a crowd protesting last week's fatal shooting.
    (AP, 8/17/14)(Reuters, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Oregon 2 people were kiled after a disabled man jumped on his mother’s lap in a motorized mobilized device hitting the controls and propelling both of them into a gap between two light-rail train cars as the train left the station in Gresham.
    (SFC, 8/18/14, p.A4)
2014        Aug 17, Australia said it will offer to resettle some 4,400 people fleeing violence in Iraq and Syria.
    (AP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, In France heavily armed robbers attacked the motorcade of a Saudi prince in Paris, making off with 250,000 euros ($335,000) in cash and reportedly stealing "sensitive" documents.
    (AFP, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Hong Kong tens of thousands of people, many wearing red as a sign of their patriotism to China, took part in a demonstration march to protest a planned civil disobedience campaign by pro-democracy activists in the city.
    (AP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, Indian border police noticed Chinese troops in a disputed and unpopulated area of Ladakh during a patrol of the informal border that separates India and China.
    (AFP, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Iraq Kurdish fighters advanced towards the militant-held city of Mosul, aiming to reverse gains by Islamic State insurgents. Kurdish forces took over parts of Mosul Dam less than two weeks after it was captured by the Islamic State extremist group.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)(AP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Nigeria suspected Boko Haram gunmen killed 10 people as they stormed the villages of Durwa and Maforo in the Marte district where people had fled to escape repeated attacks by the insurgents.
    (AFP, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Pakistan tens of thousands joined protests in Islamabad led by opposition figures Imran Khan and cleric Tahir ul-Qadri, demanding the "corrupt" prime minister step down.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Saudi Arabia the local al-Medina newspaper reported that a judge has upheld a sentence of a month in prison and 50 lashes for a businesswoman convicted of insulting members of the morality police during an argument.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, Somali security forces in Mogadishu arrested Mohamed Garfanji, one of the country's most powerful pirate chiefs, as well as several armed bodyguards. He once hijacked giant vessels earning him multi-million dollar ransoms. Currently pirates held at least 37 hostages but no major ships.
    (AFP, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 17, In South Korea Pope Francis made his strongest gesture yet to reach out to China, saying he wants to improve relations and insisting that the Catholic Church isn't coming in as a "conqueror" but is rather a partner in dialogue.
    (AP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Syria forces loyal to Pres. Bashar al-Assad hammered the eastern city of Raqqa with more than two dozen air strikes. At least 31 Islamic State militants and 8 civilians died in the air force raids in Raqa province, a stronghold of the jihadist fighters.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)(AFP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, In eastern Ukraine Donetsk city authorities said 10 civilians have been killed and eight wounded in the past 24 hours. Alexander Zakharchenko, self-proclaimed separatist government in the Donetsk region, said newly-trained fighters have 150 armored vehicles, including 30 tanks, and have gathered near a "corridor" along the Russian border.
    (AP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 17, In Yemen 6 suspected Al-Qaeda militants and 3 Yemeni troops died in clashes in the southeastern province of Hadramawt.
    (AFP, 8/17/14)

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