Today in History - August 21

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1129        Aug 21, The warrior Yoritomo was made Shogun without equal in Japan.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1165        Aug 21, Philip II Augustus, 1st great Capetian king of France (1179-1223), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1525        Aug 21, Estavao Gomes returned to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1560        Aug 21, Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) became interested in astronomy.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1660        Aug 21, Hubert Gautier, engineer, wrote 1st book on bridge building, was born in Nimes, France.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1680        Aug 21, Pueblo Indians took possession of Santa Fe, N.M., after driving out the Spanish. They destroyed almost all of the Spanish churches in Taos and Santa Fe.
    (AP, 8/21/97)(SFEC, 6/21/98, Z1 p.8)

1765        Aug 21, William IV (d.1837), king of England (1830-37) the "sailor king," was born.
    (WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A24)(SC, 8/21/02)

1789        Aug 21, Augustin-Louis Baron Cauchy, French mathematician, was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1794        Aug 21, France surrendered the island of Corsica to the British.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1798        Aug 21, Jules Michelet, French historian was born in Paris to a family with Huguenot traditions. He wrote the 24-volume "Historie de France".
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jules_Michelet)

1807        Aug 21, Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat set off from Albany on its return trip to New York, arriving some 30 hours later.
    (AP, 8/21/07)

1808        Aug 21, Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot was defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Portugal.
    (HN, 8/21/02)

1810        Aug 21, Sweden’s Riksdag elected Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France under Napoleon, as heir apparent to the Swedish throne.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernadotte)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.73)

1831        Aug 21, Nat Turner led a rebellion in Southampton county, Va. This became known as "Nat Turner's Rebellion" or the "Southampton Slave Revolt." Turner and about seven followers murdered 55 white people, including the entire family of his owners, the Joseph Travis's. Turner had been taught to read by the Travis children and his studies of the bible led him to have visions of insurrection. Turner was later executed. A 1998 play by Robert O’Hara "Insurrection: Holding History" centered on the event.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3p1518.html)(SFC, 1/16/98, p.D1)(AP, 8/21/07)

1841        Aug 21, John Hampson of New Orleans patented the Venetian blind.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1853        Aug 21, Henry Wellcome (d.1936) was born in Wisconsin. In 1880 Henry went to London to join Silas Burroughs and set up a successful pharmaceutical firm called Burroughs, Wellcome & Co.
    (www.swan.ac.uk/egypt/infosheet/Wellcome.htm)

1858        Aug 21, The first of seven debates between Illinois senatorial contenders Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Ottowa, Ill. Douglas went on to win the Senate seat in November, but Lincoln gains national visibility for the first time. Douglas stated in the 1st debate: "I believe this government was made on the white basis. I believe it was made by white men for the benefit of white men and their posterity forever, and I am in favor of confining citizenship to white men."
    (WSJ, 3/3/00, p.W11)(HN, 8/21/00)(AP, 8/21/08)

1863        Aug 21, William Clarke Quantrill (d.1865), a pro-Confederate guerrilla fighter during the American Civil War, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, with a force estimated at anywhere from 200 to 450 raiders. Though Senator Lane, a prime target of the raid, managed to escape through a cornfield in his nightshirt, the bushwhackers killed an estimated 150-200 men and boys, dragging many from their homes to kill them before their families. When Quantrill rode out at 9 a.m., most of Lawrence's buildings had been burned, including all but two businesses; his raiders looted indiscriminately and also robbed the town's bank. The raid would become notorious in the North as one of the most vicious atrocities of the Civil War.
    (HN, 8/21/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Quantrill)

1864         Aug 21, Confederate General A.P. Hill attacked Union troops south of Petersburg, Va., at the Weldon railroad. His attack was repulsed, resulting in heavy Confederate casualties.
    (HN, 8/21/00)

1872        Aug 21, Aubrey Beardsley (d.1898), English artist (Salome), was born in Brighton.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1878        Aug 21, The American Bar Association was founded in Saratoga, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1887        Aug 21, Mighty (Dan) Casey Struck-out in a game with the NY Giants.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1890        Aug 21, Bill Henry, newscaster (Who Said That?), was born in SF, Calif.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1896        Aug 21, Roark Bradford, writer, humorist (Ol' Man Adan an' His Chillun), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1904        Aug 21, William "Count" Basie, American band leader and composer, was born. [see Apr 26]
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1906        Aug 21, Friz Freleng, animator (Bugs Bunny-Emmy 1982), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1907        Aug 21, Dr. Roy K. Marshall, TV scientist (Nature of Things), was born in Glen Carbon, Ill.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1909        Aug 21, C. Dillon Douglas, US Secretary of Treasury (1961-65), was born in Geneva, Switz.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1910        Aug 20-1910 Aug 21, The Great Idaho Fire killed 86 people and destroyed some 3 million acres of timber in Idaho and Montana. In 2009 Timothy Egan authored “The Big Burn: Teddy Roosevelt and the Fire That Save America."
    (http://www.idahoforests.org/fires.htm)(SFC, 12/1/09, p.E8)

1911        Aug 21, Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa" was stolen from the Louvre Museum. The painting turned up in Italy two years later.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

1912        Aug 21, Mr. Carter-Cotton was chosen as 1st chancellor of Univ. of British Columbia.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1915        Aug 21, Jack Weston [Morris Weinstein], actor (4 Seasons, Rad), was born in Cleveland.
    (SC, 8/21/02)
1915        Aug 21, Italy declared war on Turkey.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1921        Aug 21, Nancy Kulp, actress (Jane-Beverly Hillbillies), was born in Harrisburg, Pa.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1922        Aug 21, Curly Lambeau and Green Bay Football Club were granted an NFL franchise.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1923        Aug 21, Chris Schenkel, sportscaster (Monday Night Fights), was born in Biuppus, Ind.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1927        Aug 21, The 4th Pan-African Congress met in NYC.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1929        Aug 21, Marie Severin, comic book artist, was born. In the 1950s she worked for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York as it began publishing educational cartoon-style booklets.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.P12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Severin)

1930        Aug 21, Princess Margaret Rose (d.2002), sister to Elizabeth, was born to King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Glamis Castle, Scotland.
    (WSJ, 8/10/00, p.A16)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A12)

1931        Aug 21, Nancy Hadley, actress (Love That Jill, Joey Bishop Show), was born in LA, Calif.
    (SC, 8/21/02)
1931        Aug 21, Babe Ruth hit his 600th HR as the Yanks beat Browns 11-7.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1933        Aug 21, Dame Janet Baker, mezzo-soprano (Owen Wingrave), was born in York, England.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1936        Aug 21, Wilt Chamberlain (d.1999 at age 63), four-time MVP for the National Basketball Association, was born in Philadelphia. From 1952-1955 he led Overbrook High School to a 56-3 record.
    (HN, 8/21/98)(SFC, 10/13/99, p.D4)
1936        Aug 21, Mart Crowley, playwright (Boys in the Band), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1938        Aug 21, Kenny Rogers, country singer, was born in Houston.
    (HN, 8/21/00)(SSFC, 5/20/01, Par p.22)

1939        Aug 21, Clarence Williams III, actor (Mod Squad, 52 Pick Up, Purple Rain), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1940        Aug 21, Leon Trotsky, exiled Communist revolutionary, died in Mexico City from wounds inflicted by an assassin the day before. Earlier this year Josef Grigulevich (27), a Lithuania-born KGB agent, established a safe house at Zook's Pharmacy in Santa Fe, NM, for the assassins of Leon Trotsky. The pharmacy, visible in archive photos, was replaced in 1990 by a Haagen-Dazs ice cream shop. Grigulevich was recruited by Soviet strongman Josef Stalin's secret police as a university student in Paris and learned the assassin's trade during the Spanish civil war. He later published 58 books on Latin American history. In 2011 intelligence expert E.B. Held authored "A Spy's Guide to Albuquerque and Santa Fe."
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AFP, 2/4/11)

1942        Aug 21, U.S. Marines turned back the first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1944        Aug 21, Jackie DeShannon, singer (What the World Needs Now), was born in Hazel, Kentucky.
    (SC, 8/21/02)
1944        Aug 21, The US, Britain, the Soviet Union and China opened the Dumbarton Oaks conference in Washington, D.C. It laid the foundation for the establishment of the UN.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, p.T10)(AP, 8/21/07)

1945        Aug 21, Patty McCormack, actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), was born in Brooklyn NY.
    (SC, 8/21/02)
1945        Aug 21, President Harry S. Truman ended the Lend-Lease program that had shipped some $50 billion in aid to America's Allies during World War II.
    (AP, 8/21/97)(HN, 8/21/98)

1946        Aug 21, Lev Alburt, USSR International Chess Master (1976), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1951        Aug 21, Harry Smith, TV host (CBS Morning Show), was born in Indiana.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1953        Aug 21, Joe Strummer [John Mellor], rocker (Clash-Rock the Casbah), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)
1953        Aug 21, Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reached a record 25,370 m.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1956        Aug 21, Kim Cattrall, actress (Mannequin, Star Trek VI), was born in Liverpool, England.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1957        Aug 21, Kim Sledge, vocalist (Sister Sledge-We are Family), was born in Phila.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1958        Aug 21, Walter Schumann (44), choral director (Ford Show), died.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1959        Aug 21, Hawaii became the 50th state as President Eisenhower signed an executive order, five months after he'd signed the Hawaiian statehood bill.
    (AP, 8/21/08)

1962        Aug 21, Matthew Broderick, actor (Ferris Buehler, Biloxi Blues), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1963        Aug 21, Martial law was declared in South Vietnam as police and army troops began a crackdown on Buddhist anti-government protesters.
    (AP, 8/21/08)

1965        Aug 21, Gemini 5 was launched into Earth orbit atop Titan V with Cooper and Conrad.
    (SFC, 7/9/99, p.A6)

1967        Aug 21, Michael Bendetti, actor (Officer Tony McCann-21 Jump Street), was born.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1968        Aug 21, William Dana reached 81.53 km. in the last high-altitude X-15 flight.
    (http://pages.prodigy.net/pxkb94ars/Astro_X-15_Flights_9.htm)
1968        Aug 21, After 5 years Russia once again jammed Voice of America radio.
    (http://radio.about.com/library/history/blhistory0821.htm)
1968        Aug 21, The Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the "Prague Spring" liberalization drive led by Alexander Dubcek.
    (AP, 8/21/08)

1971        Aug 21, Three prisoners, George Jackson (29), Ronald Kane (28), John Lynn (29), and 3 guards, Jere Graham (39), Frank DeLeon (44) and Paul Krasenes (52), were killed during an attempted prison escape at San Quentin, California. Jackson after meeting with his lawyer, Stephen Bingham, pulled a hidden automatic pistol from his hair and began to release other prisoners. Jackson’s prison letters were published as "Soledad Brother." Hugo Pinell, one of the San Quentin 6, was killed in 2015 by two fellow inmates.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1688)(SFC, 8/25/96, Z1 p.5)(SSFCM, 8/19/01, p.7)(SFC, 12/10/15, p.D8)
1971        Aug 21, In the Philippines there was a grenade attack on a political rally of the opposition Liberal party. It nearly wiped out the party's senatorial slate running against Marcos' Nacionalista Party. Marcos blamed the communists, but others believed that Marcos planned the attack.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A23)
1971        Aug 20-21, In Vietnam heavy rains flooded the Red River delta and some 100,000 people were killed.
    (www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0001440.html)

1972        Aug 21, The US Republican convention opened in Miami Beach, Florida.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Republican_National_Convention)
1972        Aug 21, The US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus was launched.
    (http://www.n2yo.com/satellite/?s=6153)
1972        Aug 21, Donald A. Cameron, British aeronaut, made the 1st hot air balloon flight over the Alps.
    (www.ballong.org/peter/jesper/cia/report17.php)

1973        Aug 21, Teamster's Union and AFL-CIO's United Farm Workers' union came to a settlement with regard to organizing grape growers in California. In response Cesar Chavez called an end to the UFW grape strike. A nationwide boycott of California’s non-union grapes, lettuce and Gallo wines was stepped up.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.8)(http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1973-8/1973-08-21-ABC-16.html)

1975        Aug 21-22, In Los Angeles Kathleen Ann Soliah (later known as Sarah Jane Olson) and other members of the SLA placed 2 pipe bombs under parked police cars at an Int'l. House of Pancakes on Sunset Blvd. They did not explode. Olson pleaded guilty to 2 felony accounts in 2001. Olson was convicted and sentenced in 2002 to 20 years to life in prison and was then arraigned with 3 others for the Apr 21 murder of Myrna Opsahl.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A3)(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A1)

1978        Aug 21, Charles Eames (1907-1978), an American polymath artist, died. Together with his wife he designed numerous objects, furniture and made more than 75 films.
    (SFC, 6/6/96, E1)(www.eamesoffice.com/index2.php?mod=intro)

1982        Aug 21, Calvin Simmons (b.1950), Oakland, Ca. symphony conductor, died in a canoeing accident near Lake George, NY. Simmons was the first African-American conductor of a major US symphony.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvin_E._Simmons)(SFC, 7/24/15, p.D1)
1982        Aug 21, A group of Palestinian guerrillas left Lebanon by ship under an evacuation plan mediated by the United States.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
1982        Aug 21, In Swaziland Sobhuza II (b.1899), former king and father of King Mswati III, died. At his death he had 70 wives and left over 1000 grandchildren.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1983        Aug 21, The musical play "La Cage Aux Folles" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 8/21/98)
1983        Aug 21, Philippine opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr., ending a self-imposed exile in the United States, was shot dead moments after stepping off a plane at Manila International Airport. Fabian Ver (d.1998 at 78), leader of the Philippine army, was among 20 men later charged in the murder of Aquino. Ver fled to Hawaii in 1986 along with Marcos.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1984        Aug 21, Democratic vice-presidential nominee Geraldine Ferraro appeared before reporters in Queens, N.Y., to field questions about her family's finances.
    (AP, 8/21/04)

1985        Aug 21, Tunisia expelled 253 Libyans in apparent retaliation for Libya’s expulsion of over 20,000 Tunisian workers in recent weeks.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yq3x4e)

1986        Aug 21, In Cameroon 1,746 people died when toxic gas, an invisible bubble of CO2, erupted [seeped out] from a volcano under Lake Nyos. Venting of the lake began in 2001.
    (AP, 8/21/97)(WSJ, 11/17/97, p.B1)(SFC, 8/14/99, p.A6)(SC, 8/21/02)(AP, 2/15/03)

1987        Aug 21, Sgt. Clayton Lonetree, the first Marine ever court-martialed for spying, was convicted in Quantico, Va., of passing secrets to the KGB after becoming romantically involved with a Soviet woman while serving as a U.S. Embassy guard in Moscow. Lonetree ended up serving eight years in a military prison, and was released in February 1996.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1988        Aug 21, More than 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake on the Nepal-India border.
    (AP, 8/21/98)

1989        Aug 21, The US space probe Voyager 2 fired its thrusters to bring it closer to Neptune's mysterious moon Triton.
    (AP, 8/21/99)
1989        Aug 21, Colombian soldiers and police raided the estates of drug lords as part of a crackdown that followed the shooting death of a presidential candidate.
    (AP, 8/21/99)

1990        Aug 21, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein delivered a speech in which he defended the detaining of foreigners in his country, and promised "a major catastrophe" should fighting break out in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 8/21/00)

1991        Aug 21, The hard-line coup against Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev collapsed in the face of a popular uprising led by Russian federation President Boris N. Yeltsin. The coup failed in part when General Alexander Lebed refused to move troops to surround Yeltsin’s Moscow stronghold. 3 young men were killed on the night of the failed coup.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A15)(AP, 8/21/97)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.101)
1991        Aug 21, Boris Yeltsin assured the Foreign Ministers of NATO, who were convened in Brussels, that the coup attempt was failing.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)

1992        Aug 21, The day after the close of the Republican National Convention in Houston, the two major party candidates traded hard blows, with President Bush deriding Bill Clinton as a "wishy-washy" leader, and Clinton lashing back at Bush as a "great fearmonger."
    (AP, 8/21/97)
1992        Aug 21, US marshals moved onto the property of Randy Weaver in Ruby Ridge, Idaho and began a shoot out where Mr. Weaver’s 14-year old son, Sammy, was killed as well as Marshall Bill Degan. Federal agents were than held at bay for 11 days and before it ended Weaver’s wife was shot dead. The FBI, in an attempt to serve an arrest warrant on Randy Weaver on weapons charges, killed Weaver's wife and son at Ruby Ridge, Idaho. Kevin Harris was acquitted of federal charges in 1993. In 1995 the government awarded Weaver family $3.1 mil for wrongful-death claims. In 1996 criminal charges were filed against Michael Kahoe, chief of the Violent Crimes and Major Offenders Section of the FBI, for destroying a report critical of the FBI. He was sentenced and fined in 1997. In 1997 Kevin Harris was charged with the murder of Bill Degan and FBI agent Lon Horiuchi was charged with the murder of Vicki Weaver. State murder charges against Kevin Harris were dropped in 1997. State manslaughter charges were filed against sharpshooter Horiuchi in 1998.
    (WSJ,3/13/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 6/14/96, p.A19)(WSJ, 8/16/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 8/22/97, p.A19)(WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/8/98, p.1)
1992        Aug 21, In the Bahamas PM Lynden Pindling (1930-2000), in office since 1973, retired from office and was succeeded by Hubert Ingraham. There were allegations that Pindling had taken bribes from Colombian drug lords. Ingraham continued in office to 2002 and again from 2007-2012.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynden_Pindling)(SFC, 5/3/02, p.A10)(AFP, 5/8/12)
1992        Aug 21, Serbian soldiers separated over 200 men, mostly Croats and Muslims, from a convoy of civilians from the Trnopolje detention camp in Bosnia. The captives were taken to a wooded ravine at Mount Vlasic and shot dead. In 2003 Darko Mrdja, commander of a special police unit, admitted to a court in the Hague of playing a role in the slaughter. In 2009 Bosnian forensic experts found the remains of at least 60 Muslims and Croats in the ravine.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A8)(AP, 8/26/09)

1993        Aug 21, The US Justice Dept. took over the FTC investigation into the business practices of Microsoft Corp.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A30)
1993        Aug 21, In a serious setback for NASA, engineers lost contact with the Mars Observer spacecraft on a $980 million mission. Its fate remains unknown.
    (AP, 8/21/98)

1994        Aug 21, The US House, by a vote of 235-195, passed a $30 billion crime bill that banned certain assault-style firearms.
    (AP, 8/21/99)
1994        Aug 21, Mexico held its presidential election, which was won by Ernesto Zedillo.
    (AP, 8/21/99)
1994        Aug 21, An Air Morocco regional jet crashed and killed all 44 onboard. It was suspected that the pilot steered the plane into the ground.
    (WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A1)(www.planecrashinfo.com/1994/1994-43.htm)

1995        Aug 21, ABC News settled a $10 billion libel suit by apologizing to Philip Morris for reporting the tobacco giant had manipulated the amount of nicotine in its cigarettes.
    (AP, 8/21/00)
1995        Aug 21, A commuter plane crashed near Carrollton, Georgia. Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 enroute to Gulfport, Miss., crashed with 29 people aboard. 10 died. In 2001 Gary M. Pomerantz authored "Nine Minutes, Twenty Seconds: The Tragedy & Triumph of ASA Flight 529."
    (AP, 8/21/00)(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.R4)
1995        Aug 21, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a bus in Jerusalem and killed 4 Israelis, 1 American, and wounded more than 100 people. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)

1996        Aug 21, President Clinton signed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, aimed at making health insurance easier to obtain and keep.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.A3)(AP, 8/21/97)
1996        Aug 21, Today’s issue of Science reported the 1,738 gene sequence of the organism Methanococcus jannaschii that oceanographers in 1982 found in an undersea volcanic vent and later classified as Archaea, distinct from Prokarya and Eukarya.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A21)   
1996        Aug 21, In Australia rescuers worked to save some 200 pilot whales on the southwestern coast near Dunsborough. Most were herded to sea but 14 died.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E3)
1996        Aug 21, The new Globe theater opened in England.
    (HN, 8/21/98)
1996        Aug 21, It was reported that police in Oulu, Finland have come up with a 3-foot harpoon to stop runaway drivers. The harpoon could also release tear gas if necessary.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A9)
1996        Aug 21, In France thousands marched in support of illegal immigrants and called for the removal of newly appointed Interior Minister Jean Louis-Debre.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E2)
1996        Aug 21, In Nepal the Communists called a general strike against the center-right government.
    (WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 21, In Vietnam, The Red River flooded to its worst level since 1971 and hundreds were forced to evacuate.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E3)
    (AP, 8/21/98)

1997        Aug 21, A hamburger recall was extended to cover some 25 million pounds. The Hudson Foods Inc., of Rogers, Ark., closed its Nebraska beef-processing facility under a "non-negotiable" recommendation by Agricultural Sec. Dan Glickman due to E. coli poisonings in Colorado.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A3)(AP, 8/21/98)
1997        Aug 21, The CEO of Philip Morris Cos. said that cigarettes "might have" killed 100,000 Americans. It was the first acknowledgement by the company of a possible link between smoking and death.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 21, In Afghanistan leaders of the alliance fighting the Taliban army were killed in an air crash aboard an Antonov 32 about 90 miles NW of Kabul.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A15)
1997        Aug 21, From Bosnia Judge Jovo Rosic reported that he was beaten up and ordered to vote against Pres. Plavsic last week.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A14)
1997        Aug 21, In France Pope John Paul II began a visit to Paris with an outdoor encounter with 500,000 young people from around the world.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A14)
1997        Aug 21, In North Korea a tidal wave from a passing typhoon struck and destroyed some 700,000 tons of corn and left 28,000 people homeless.
    (WSJ, 9/2/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 21, Palestinians began an embargo of Israeli goods.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A14)
1997        Aug 21, In Russia Yuri Nikulin (b.1921), a cherished comic actor, died.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A24)
1997        Aug 21, From Russia the Kremlin demanded the release of journalists of ORT TV. They were jailed in Belarus for allegedly trying to cross the border illegally into Lithuania. The journalists had made negative reports on Pres. Lukashenko.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A15)

1998        Aug 21, Samuel Bowers, a 73-year-old former Ku Klux Klan leader, was convicted in Hattiesburg, Miss., of ordering a 1966 firebombing that killed civil rights activist Vernon Dahmer. Bowers died in prison in November 2006 at age 82.
    (AP, 8/21/08)
1998        Aug 21, In Bogota, Colombia, Venezuelan trafficker Fernando "Fatso" Flores was arrested. He was expected to be extradited to the US for shipping nearly 8 tons of cocaine to Florida in 1991.
    (SFC, 8/28/98, p.D3)
1998        Aug 21, In South Africa former Pres. Botha (82) was convicted of ignoring a subpoena to testify about apartheid atrocities in front of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He was fined $1,577 and given a suspended 1 year jail sentence.
    (SFC, 8/22/98, p.A8)
1998        Aug 21, Pres. Omar el-Bashir said that Sudan could prove that the bombed Shifa Pharmaceutical factory was not used for chemical weapons. Ten people were reportedly treated for injuries and damages were estimated at $100 million.
    (SFC, 8/22/98, p.A1,3)
1998        cAug 21, Sudanese authorities, angered by the US attack of US cruise missiles, released 2 men suspected in the bombing of 2 US embassies on Aug 7. The men were sent to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.A12)
1998        Aug 21, Zimbabwe sent 600 troops to support Pres. Kabila in the Congo. Rwanda called for a cease fire and warned that it would intervene if the troops from Zimbabwe were not withdrawn.
    (SFC, 8/22/98, p.A8)

1999        Aug 21, In France the St. Pierre-de-Trivisy town council, home of Roquefort cheese, imposed a 100% tax on Coca Cola in retaliation for American tariffs on European goods.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.D4)
1999        Aug 21, In Turkey the death toll from the Aug 17 earthquake reached 12,000. Governors in 3 of 9 stricken provinces called off searches for survivors. US President Clinton urged Americans to contribute to the relief effort. The death toll from the massive earthquake eventually reached 17,000.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/21/00)

2000        Aug 21, Britain deployed troops in Belfast after 2 men were killed in a feud between Protestant paramilitary factions. Sam Rocket was gunned down 2 days later in retaliation. The Ulster Defense Assoc. and the Ulster Volunteer Force appeared to be feuding over control of rackets.
    (WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D5)(WSJ, 8/25/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 21, In China an earthquake in Wuding county, Yunnan province, left 177,000 people homeless and 211 injured.
    (SFC, 8/26/00, p.A9)
2000        Aug 21, Iraq threatened to retaliate against Turkey over airstrikes that left some 40 civilians dead.
    (WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 21, In Kashmir Muslim guerrillas used booby traps to kill 5 Indian soldiers, while Indian security forces killed 8 people believed to be part of the separatist movement. Indian shelling into the Pakistani controlled side killed a man and an 8-year-old girl. In Jachil Dhara guerrilla set explosives killed an Indian general and a colonel.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 21, Norwegian divers opened the hatch to the Russian Kursk submarine but found no sign of life.
    (SFC, 8/21/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 21, In the Philippines rebels killed 17 army soldiers in Negros Occidental province.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 21, In Sierra Leone Issa Sesay, the top field commander of the Revolutionary United Front, replaced Foday Sankoh as head.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A11)(WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)

2001        Aug 21, It was reported that the US had given Russia an unofficial deadline of November to agree to changes in the anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty or face a unilateral US withdrawal. The State Dept. denied the ultimatum the next day.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 21, The CIA placed Khalid Al-Midhar and Nawaf Alhazmi under suspicion as part of the investigation in the bombing of the destroyer Cole in Yemen. The 2 were among the hijackers who commandeered the jet that hit the Pentagon on Sep 11.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A19)
2001        Aug 21, The US Federal Reserve announced another .25% lowering of the short-term federal funds interest rate.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.C1)
2001        Aug 21, Federal authorities working with McDonald's announced they had broken up a criminal ring, 8 people nationwide, that allegedly rigged the popular Monopoly and "Who Wants to be a Millionaire" games played by millions of the fast-food chain's customers over the previous six years. $13 million had been illegally won by insider Jerome Jacobsen (58), at Simon Marketing Inc. in LA.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A2)(AP, 8/21/02)
2001        Aug 21, It was reported that nuclear waste researchers had developed a process, pyroprocessing, to remove long term radioactive elements from waste and transmute them to less radioactive elements.
    (WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 21, Robert Tools, the first person to receive a self-contained artificial heart (Jul 2), was introduced to the public at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky., through a video link from his doctor's office. Tools survived with the device for 151 days, and died Nov. 30, 2001, of other health problems.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2001        Aug 21, In Argentina it was planned to begin the use of the patacon, a negotiable bond, as legal tender in the Buenos Aires province. The IMF announced plans to add $8 billion to a $14 billion rescue package.
    (WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A3)
2001        Aug 21, It was reported that Chinese authorities had removed Khenpo Jigme Phuntsog (68), a Tibetan monk, from his Serthar religious academy in the Larung valley of Sichuan province. The move was seen as an effort to reduce the 6-7 thousand monks and nuns living in the area.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 21, Yasser Arafat agreed to truce talks with Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 21, In Macedonia a 14th century monastery, St. Atanasie and the Holy Virgin, in Lesok was bombed. Each side blamed the other.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A10)
2001        Aug 21, In Kosovo gunmen killed 5 Albanians.
    (WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 21, It was reported that rebels in Sierra Leone were still mining diamonds using conscripts and children. Sales were being made to middlemen who smuggled the stones out of the country. The UN mandate to enforce a cease-fire did not include enforcing a mining ban.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 21, Zimbabwe halted beef exports as foot-and-mouth disease broke out in the latest series of farm expropriations where militants released quarantined cattle.
    (WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A1)

2002        Aug 21, President Bush told reporters at his Texas ranch that ousting Iraq's Saddam Hussein was "in the interests of the world" but indicated the United States was in no hurry.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2002        Aug 21, A jury in San Diego convicted David Westerfield of kidnapping 7-year-old Danielle van Dam from her home and killing her. Westerfield was later sentenced to death.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2002        Aug 21, Michael Kopper, former Enron financial executive, pleaded guilty to charges related to wire fraud and money laundering. He admitted to large kickbacks to the CFO, Andrew Fastow, and agreed to return $12 million.
    (SFC, 8/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 21, Weldon Spring, Missouri, was reported open to the public as tourist attraction. The radioactive site opened after a $1 billion, 16-year cleanup.
    (SFC, 8/21/02, p.A2)
2002        Aug 21, A new Lockheed Martin Atlas V rocket launched a 4-ton French communications satellite into orbit.
    (WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 21, In Canada Pres. Chretien, amid growing rifts within his Liberal Party, said he will not seek a 4th term and will resign in Feb 2004.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A8)
2002        Aug 21, Israeli troops blew up two apartment buildings in a Gaza Strip refugee camp, just hours after undercover forces killed the brother of a radical Palestinian leader during an arrest raid in the West Bank. Israeli security officials announced the breakup of a Hamas cell in East Jerusalem.
    (AP, 8/21/02)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A7)
2002        Aug 21, In east Nepal a massive landslide triggered by monsoon rains wiped out a village, killing at least 60 people.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 21, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il toured the shop floor of a Russian defense plant, getting a firsthand glimpse of how Russia's Sukhoi fighter jets are manufactured.
    (AP, 8/21/02)
2002        Aug 21, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf announced sweeping changes to the Constitution that boosted the power of his authoritarian regime. His decrees included a security council that institutionalized the military's role in government; power to fire the prime minister and dissolve the legislature; a requirement for all candidates to have university degrees.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)

2003        Aug 21, Alabama's top judge, Chief Justice Roy Moore, refused to back down in his fight to keep a Ten Commandments monument and lashed out at his colleagues who ordered it removed from the rotunda of the state judicial building.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2003        Aug 21, Paul Hamm put together a near-perfect routine on the high bar to become the first American man to win the all-around gold medal at the World Gymnastics Championship.
    (AP, 8/21/08)
2003        Aug 21, Coca Cola signed basketball prodigy LeBron Jones (18) to a 6-year deal to pitch Sprite.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R10)
2003        Aug 21, Argentina's Senate voted overwhelmingly to scrap a pair of amnesty laws dating to the 1980s that had ended trials for human rights abuses committed during the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, The US military reported that Ali Hassan al-Majid, No. 5 on the list of most-wanted Iraqis, had been captured. [see Apr 5]
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, In Ecuador some 1000 Indians and union workers marched through Quito, protesting the economic policies of President Lucio Gutierrez.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, France raised the death toll from the recent heat wave to as many as 10,000.
    (SFC, 8/22/03, p.A9)
2003        Aug 21, Israel killed Ismail Abu Shanab, a senior Hamas political leader, in a missile strike, retaliating for a suicide bombing of a bus in which 20 people died including six children.  Abu Shanab was widely regarded as a moderate in the group, and served as a liaison with Abbas during the prime minister's efforts to persuade Hamas to halt attacks. Palestinian militants abandoned a two-month-old truce after Israel killed the Hamas leader.
    (AP, 8/21/03)(AP, 8/21/08)
2003        Aug 21, Liberia's rebels and government chose Gyude Bryant, a gentle-mannered businessman, to lead a transition administration.
    (AP, 8/21/03)
2003        Aug 21, Vladimir Gusinsky, former Russian media mogul who clashed with the Kremlin and fled under fraud accusations three years ago, was arrested at the Athens airport.  Russia initially sought Gusinsky on charges of misrepresenting the assets of his company Media-Most to obtain a $262 million loan from the government-controlled gas giant Gazprom. It later added allegations of money laundering.
    (AP, 8/24/03)

2004        Aug 21, In Ohio health officials said cases of gastrointestinal illness had risen to 510 from people in the Put-in-Bay resort area.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.A3)
2004        Aug 21, In Afghanistan US soldiers opened fire on a pickup truck that failed to stop at a checkpoint in central Ghazni province, killing a man and two women.
    (AP, 8/22/04)
2004        Aug 21, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a series of bombs exploded as Sheikh Hasina, a top opposition leader, was speaking at a rally from atop a truck, killing 23 people and injuring hundreds. On March 18, 2012 a court charged Tareque Rahman (46), the eldest son of former premier Khaleda Zia, over the grenade attack. Rahman was living in Britain and would be tried in absentia.
    (AP, 8/21/04)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.37)(AFP, 3/18/12)
2004        Aug 21, In Chechnya gunmen attacked a police station and polling sites in Grozny, killing several people 8 days before a special election to replace the region's assassinated president.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2004        Aug 21, A Chinese official said a lethal strain of avian influenza had been found among pigs at several farms.
    (SFC, 8/21/04, p.A9)
2004        Aug 21, The International Gymnastics Federation ruled that South Korean Yang Tae-young was unfairly docked a tenth of a point in the all-around gymnastics final at the Athens Olympics, costing him the gold medal that ended up going to Paul Hamm of the United States; however, the ruling did not change the final result.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2004        Aug 21, Iraq celebrated their national soccer team's startling 1-0 victory over Australia in the Olympic quarterfinal.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2004        Aug 21, In Najaf, Iraq, militants loyal to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr kept their hold on a revered shrine, and clashes flared.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2004        Aug 21, Pakistani officials said they had arrested at least five al-Qaida-linked terrorists who were plotting suicide attacks on government leaders and the U.S. Embassy.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2004        Aug 21, Sudan signed an agreement to ensure the voluntary return of more than one million people displaced by fighting in the Darfur region and said it was giving Darfuris more say in local government.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
2004        Aug 21, The head of the Organization of American States said the results of an audit supported the official vote count showing that President Hugo Chavez won this month's recall referendum in Venezuela.
    (AP, 8/22/04)
2004        Aug 21, A military plane crashed into a mountain in central Venezuela, killing 25 people, including five children.
    (AP, 8/22/04)

2005        Aug 21-2005 Aug 22, US federal authorities indicted 87 Asians and US citizens on charges of smuggling counterfeit money, drugs and cigarettes into the US.
    (SFC, 8/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Aug 21, Harvard scientists said they have fused an adult skin cell with an embryonic stem cell in a potentially dramatic development that could lead to the creation of useful stem cells without first having to create and destroy human embryos.
    (AP, 8/22/05)(SFC, 8/22/05, p.A2)
2005        Aug 21, Robert Moog (b.1934), developer of the music synthesizer (1964), died in NC. The 1968 hit record “Switched-On-Bach" by Walter Carlos (Wendy Carlos) used the Moog synthesizer and Carlos used it to produce the soundtrack for “A Clockwork Orange" (1971).
    (SFC, 8/23/05, p.B5)(WSJ, 8/24/05, p.D10)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.77)
2005        Aug 21, Afghan forces and US Marines killed more than 40 suspected militants in an operation against insurgents in the Koregnal Valley, believed responsible for twin attacks that killed 19 troops in June.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 21, A roadside bomb killed four US soldiers and wounded three others as they patrolled southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2005        Aug 21, Bangladeshi and Indian border officials resolved a dispute over embankment building on a river cutting across their frontier that led to heavy firing by border troops.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2005        Aug 21, A merchant vessel rescued 3 people north of Matanzas, Cuba, after 5 days at sea. No one else was found. 31 people were believed killed in the Florida Straits in their attempt to reach the US.
    (AP, 8/26/05)
2005        Aug 21, Protests in Ecuador's northeast Amazon region that brought oil production to a halt were suspended after demonstrators and the government agreed to a truce.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2005        Aug 21, Egyptian police arrested 300 people as security forces deployed 2,100 men backed by armored vehicles in the Sinai Peninsula for a massive sweep through the rugged desert region in search of terrorists involved in a series of recent bombings.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 21, Voting in eastern Ethiopia ended peacefully, as elite forces, pro-government militia and police patrolled streets to secure the region's delayed elections. Dr. Berhanu Nega (b.1958) was elected mayor of Addis Ababa. He was jailed in Kaliti Prison following riots in October from where he authored a book entitled “Dawn of Freedom." Nega, the founder of Ginbot 7, was sentenced to death in absentia in 2009 after he moved to exile in the US.
    (AP, 8/22/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berhanu_Nega)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.56)(AP, 9/15/11)
2005        Aug 21, Pope Benedict XVI triumphantly ended his four-day trip to his native Germany, celebrating an open-air Mass for a million people in Cologne.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2005        Aug 21, Thousands of troops poured into four Gaza settlements, the final phase of removing settlers from the coastal strip.
    (AP, 8/21/05)
2005        Aug 21, Security forces arrested 10 suspected militants from Pakistan's North Waziristan region and recovered weapons, wigs and women's outfits from a fake madrassa.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 21, In Scotland Rory Blackhall (11), from Livingston in West Lothian, was found asphyxiated.
    (AFP, 8/23/05)

2006        Aug 21, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger and Democratic lawmakers agreed to raise California’s minimum wage by $1.25 over the next year to $8.00 per hour, making it the highest minimum wage in the nation.
    (SFC, 8/22/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 21, NATO and Afghan forces used aircraft in clashes that left 14 militants dead, capping several days of intense fighting that killed more than 100 people and threatened efforts to stabilize southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, Burundi police arrested former President Domitien Ndayizeye, apparently in connection with an alleged plot to overthrow the tiny central African country's government.
    (Reuters, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, A fierce gun battle pinned down foreign envoys in the Congolese capital Kinshasa as fighting erupted for a second day following the announcement of a presidential election run-off. At least five people died in overnight gunfire.
    (Reuters, 8/21/06)(AFP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, In northern Egypt a passenger train barreled into railway station and collided with a second train outside Qalyoub, killing at least 58 people and injuring more than 100.
    (AFP, 8/21/06)(SFC, 8/22/06, p.A3)
2006        Aug 21, In London, England, 11 people were charged with conspiracy to commit murder in the alleged plot to blow up as many as 10 trans-Atlantic jetliners. One person, a woman, was released without charge. In 2009 Adam Khatib (23) was sentenced for plotting with Abdulla Ahmed Ali, who was convicted of leading the team. Ali was sentenced in September, 2009, to 40 years. Nabeel Hussain (25) received eight years while Mohammed Shamin Uddin (39) was jailed for seven years.
    (AP, 8/21/06)(AP, 12/10/09)
2006        Aug 21, In Haiti Amaral Duclona, the leader of a major gang, defied President Rene Preval's orders to disarm, saying his followers would give up their weapons only if UN peacekeepers stop conducting raids in the slums.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, Diplomats and UN officials said Iran has turned away UN inspectors wanting to examine its underground nuclear site in an apparent violation of the Nonproliferation Treaty.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, In Iraq a US serviceman was killed when the vehicle he was traveling in was hit by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad. A defiant Saddam Hussein refused to enter a plea on genocide charges and dismissed the court as illegitimate as his second trial began.
    (Reuters, 8/21/06)(AP, 8/21/07)
2006        Aug 21, Police raided the official residence of Israeli President Moshe Katsav as part of a sexual harassment investigation, seizing computers and documents. Israeli troops shot two Hezbollah guerrillas during a clash in the southern Lebanese village of Chamaa.
    (AP, 8/21/06)(AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 21, In Mexico’s Chiapas state Juan Sabines, of Lopez Obrador's Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), held a razor-thin lead over Jose Antonio Aguilar Bodegas, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), who also is backed by President Vicente Fox's National Action Party. Oaxaca sank further into chaos as protesters armed with machetes, pipes and clubs seized 12 private radio stations, cut off highways, and blockaded bus terminals and newspaper offices.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, In Nigeria soldiers stopped cars at checkpoints and arrested 60 people in the third day of a crackdown on militants in the volatile oil region.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, In Russia a bomb blast tore through a Moscow market, killing at least 11 people and over 50 people. 3 detainees, all in their late teens or early 20s, confessed to the crime.
    (AP, 8/21/06)(AP, 8/22/07)
2006        Aug 21, Somalia’s embattled PM Ali Mohamed Gedi named a new Cabinet, two weeks after the old one was dissolved amid a rift within the UN-backed transitional government over how to respond to the growing influence of Islamic militants.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, South Korea and the US launched joint military exercises, held annually since 1975, despite protests from North Korea. The Ulchi Focus Lens exercises were scheduled to run until September 1.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, In northern Spain at least 6 people died in a train derailment.
    (AP, 8/21/06)
2006        Aug 21, Saudi police killed two armed men during clashes in the Red Sea port of Jeddah.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

2007        Aug 21, A research firm said US foreclosure filings rose 9 percent from June to July and surged 93 percent over the same period last year, with Nevada, Georgia and Michigan accounting for the highest foreclosure rates nationwide.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, The US shuttle Endeavour landed in Florida following a 13-day assembly mission on the international space station.
    (SFC, 8/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 21, California state senators ended a 52-day budget impasse and agreed on a $145 million spending plan for 2007-2008.
    (SFC, 8/22/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 21, The board of MGM Mirage approved a deal with Dubai World in which the holding company for the Persian Gulf state will eventually acquire a 9.5% stake and 50% ownership in the Las Vegas CityCenter project.
    (WSJ, 8/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Aug 21, An Australian court ruled that the country's immigration minister wrongly revoked a work visa for an Indian doctor who was briefly accused of links with a failed British car bomb plot in June.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Students in emergency-ruled Bangladesh clashed with police for a second day demanding that the army withdraw from Dhaka university campus.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, China’s government announced that mainland citizens would be allowed to invest in Hong Kong. State media reported that a test run of traffic controls to clear Beijing's smoggy skies for next year's Olympic Games successfully improved air quality. Media also reported that China will execute people who sabotage the electricity supply, reversing recent steps to rein in widespread use of the death penalty.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.86)(http://tinyurl.com/2ugksh)(AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, The European Central Bank provided more cash for banks that have been clamoring for money, injecting $370.6 billion in its normal weekly refinancing.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, The EU said it will resume vital fuel aid to the Gaza Strip's electric company, money the bloc suspended because of suspicions that Gaza's Hamas rulers were diverting revenues.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Haleh Esfandiari, a detained Iranian-American academic accused of conspiring against the government, was freed on bail from the Tehran prison where she had been jailed since early May. Esfandiari, director of the Middle East program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, was freed on $333,000 bail.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, In Iraq French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner called on Europe to play a bigger role in Iraq because "the Americans will not be able to get this country out of difficulty alone." The postwar Iraqi tribunal trying former Saddam Hussein aides opened its third proceeding, putting former Defense Minister Ali Hassan al-Majid, known as "Chemical Ali," and 14 other men on trial.
    (AP, 8/21/07)(AP, 8/21/08)
2007        Aug 21, The Israeli army said ground forces fired at gunmen who approached the Israel-Gaza border fence. The Islamic Jihad group said three militants on a mission against Israel were killed. Palestinians fired three rockets into Israel including one that hit an empty kindergarten in the town of Sderot near Gaza. Israeli troops targeted two figures spotted near a rocket launcher in an area of northern Gaza where a rocket had been fired into Israel earlier. The fire killed a 10-year-old and a 12-year-old who were members of the same extended family. The army said Palestinian rocket teams have been known to send young children to retrieve rocket launchers after firing.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe arrived in New Delhi to firm up billions of dollars of investment projects, expand trade ties and discuss India's controversial nuclear cooperation deal.
    (AFP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Hurricane Dean slammed into the Caribbean coast of Mexico as a roaring Category 5 hurricane, the most intense Atlantic storm to make landfall in two decades. Dean made landfall after killing 13 people in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 21, In Northern Ireland animal rights officials seized more than a dozen dogs bred for combat in the latest crackdown on illegal dogfighting.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 21, Russian news agencies reported that authorities have detained a high-level narcotics officer they say was behind large-scale drug sales over the Internet.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Hana Ponicka (85), a Slovak writer and former anti-communist dissident, died.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 21, The leader of India's ruling party, Sonia Gandhi, arrived in South Africa for a three-day visit in a bid to strengthen ties between the two nations.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Sudanese forces surrounded and attacked Darfur's most volatile camp to flush out rebels they say are behind recent attacks on police.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Hundreds of people held an anti-gay protest in Uganda's capital, denouncing what they called an "immoral" lifestyle and demanding the deportation of an American journalist writing about gay rights in the deeply conservative country.
    (AP, 8/21/07)
2007        Aug 21, Venezuela's National Assembly, dominated by allies of President Hugo Chavez, gave unanimous initial approval to constitutional reforms that would allow him to run for re-election and possibly govern for decades to come.
    (AP, 8/22/07)

2008        Aug 21, David Walker, recently with the US Government Accountability Office (GAO), was the subject of the film documentary I.O.U.S.A. The film focused on America’s financial condition and that it is a lot worse than advertised, as the US debt rose to $9.5 trillion. It was produced by Sarah Gibson, Christine O'Malley; directed by Patrick Creadon; written by Patrick Creadon, Christine O'Malley; music by Peter Golub; distributed by Roadside Attractions.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.68)(http://tinyurl.com/4t3r2g)
2008        Aug 21, The US government said it will allow producers of fresh iceberg lettuce and spinach to use irradiation to control food-borne pathogens and extend shelf life.
    (SFC, 8/22/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 21, Forbes magazine reported that Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej (80) is the world's richest royal sovereign with a fortune estimated at 35 billion dollars, and oil-rich Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan (60) of Abu Dhabi is far back at No. 2 with 23 billion.
    (AFP, 8/21/08)
2008        Aug 21, Intel showed off a wireless electric power system at the California firm's annual developers forum in San Francisco. Analysts said it could revolutionize modern life by freeing devices from transformers and wall outlets.
    (AFP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, In the US Virgin Islands a judge imposed a life sentence on Daniel Castillo, convicted of strangling Laquina Hennis, a 12-year-old girl, last year.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, Tropical Storm Fay forced the evacuation of more Florida residents as it made landfall for a 3rd time this week.
    (WSJ, 8/22/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 21, British PM Gordon Brown visited Kabul after meeting with British troops in Helmand province. Brown pledged more support for Afghanistan including 120 million dollars towards a development fund that would include paying teachers' salaries and 17 million dollars for a radio station in Helmand. 11 militants reportedly died in a clash in the south. Afghan and international troops clashed with militants in Khas in Uruzgan province, killing 11 militants.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, Britain's government confirmed that a contractor lost a memory device containing information on every prison inmate in England and Wales.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, Greek police announced the arrest of Vassilis Paleokostas, the country's most wanted man, while tracking down the alleged kidnappers of industrialist Giorgos Mylonas, who was freed in June after his family paid a ransom.
    (AP, 8/21/08)
2008        Aug 21, Monsoon rains pummeled northern India, bringing dozens of buildings crashing down and killing 74 people. The deaths were reported in Uttar Pradesh state, bringing this monsoon season's death toll to more than 300 people across India.
    (AP, 8/21/08)
2008        Aug 21, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said they agree that timetables should be set for the withdrawal of US troops. A key part of the US-Iraqi draft agreement envisions the withdrawal of American forces from Iraq's cities by next June 30. The US military released an Iraqi television cameraman for the Reuters news agency and other news organizations without charges after 26 days in detention.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, the son of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, said he will no longer be involved in politics, defying in a surprise announcement long-held expectations he was preparing to succeed his father.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, In Mexico Pres. Calderon, congressional leaders, all state governors and a bevy of others signed a “National Agreement for Security."
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.44)
2008        Aug 21, A Montenegrin court ordered three US citizens and seven other ethnic Albanians back to prison after convicting them of plotting a rebellion to establish an Albanian autonomous region within the Adriatic country.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, In Pakistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up outside the country’s main defense industry complex in Wah, killing at least 67 people with 102 wounded.
    (Reuters, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, Russian forces blocked the only land entrance to Georgia's main port city, a day before Russia promised to complete a troop pullout from its ex-Soviet neighbor.
    (AP, 8/21/08)   
2008        Aug 21, Armed pirates hijacked a Japanese chemical tanker with 19 crew, an Iranian bulk carrier with 29 crew, and a German cargo ship with a crew of 9 off Somalia's coast.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 21, In Sri Lanka helicopter gunships attacked a rebel fortification in the northern district of Vavuniya. 21 rebels and two soldiers died in fighting.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)

2009        Aug 21, Guaranty Bank became the 2nd-largest US bank to fail this year after the Texas lender was shut down by regulators and most of its operations sold at a loss of billions of dollars for the US government to a major Spanish bank. Guaranty's failure, along with those of three small banks in Georgia and Alabama, brought to 81 the number of US bank failures this year.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's campaign and chief rival Abdullah Abdullah both said they had won Afghanistan's election, but Washington's chief envoy warned candidates not to declare victory prematurely.
    (Reuters, 8/21/09)
2009        Aug 21, Australian leader Kevin Rudd and his trans-Tasman counterpart John Key chaired the first-ever joint meeting of their cabinets, and said it had been a valuable opportunity to discuss their joint challenges. They vowed closer military ties and collaboration on climate change in the historic meeting.
    (AFP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 21, A massive oil and gas leak forced the evacuation of an oil rig off Australia's northwest coast. PTTEP Australasia, a branch of Thai-owned PTT Exploration and Production Co. Ltd., said about 40 barrels of oil had been discharged in the initial incident, and it was still attempting to bring the leak under control at the rig, owned by Norway's Seadrill. After 2 days PTTEP said plugging the leak will take weeks. Government officials said there was little threat of environmental damage. By the end of October an estimated 400 barrels a day of oil continued leaking from the fissure off the Australian coast. PTTEP Australasia has failed repeatedly to stop the leak but said it is still trying.
    (AFP, 8/22/09)(AP, 8/23/09)(AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Aug 21, In Chechnya suicide bombers on bicycles detonated explosives, killing at least four police officers and a civilian in coordinated attacks in the capital.
    (AP, 8/21/09)
2009        Aug 21, Chile's health ministry said it ordered a quarantine for two turkey farms outside the port city of Valparaiso after genetic tests confirmed sick birds were afflicted with the same swine flu virus circulating in humans.
    (AP, 8/21/09)
2009        Aug 21, In Iraq a small truck passed through an Iraqi police checkpoint in southern Baghdad but was not searched minutes before exploding at the front gate of the market, killing two and wounding 20.
    (AP, 8/21/09)
2009        Aug 21, Mexico decriminalized small amounts of marijuana, cocaine and heroin, a move that prosecutors say makes sense even in the midst of the government's grueling battle against drug traffickers. Gunmen killed an army officer Capt. Alejandro Aranda and another man in a bowling alley in Ciudad Juarez, a border city that has seen Mexico's highest levels of drug-related violence in recent years.
    (AP, 8/21/09)(AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 21, New Zealanders voted overwhelmingly to overturn a law that prohibits parents from hitting children, according to the results of a nationwide referendum, but the government said the law is working and won't be changed. In the postal vote 87.6% of voters responded "No" to the question: "Should a smack as part of good parental correction be a criminal offense in New Zealand?"
    (AP, 8/21/09)
2009        Aug 21, Leading Pakistani Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud was appointed the new head of the militant group. Hakimullah (28), the military chief of Baitullah's Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, or Pakistani Taliban Movement, commanded 3 tribal regions and has a reputation as Baitullah's most ruthless deputy. A US drone fired a missile into a suspected militant hide-out in North Waziristan, killing 12 people in an attempt to take out Siraj Haqqani, a jihadist commander accused of attacks on Western troops in Afghanistan. Haqqani, a prime suspect in suicide blasts in Kabul, held close ties to Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence agency and controlled a swathe of territory in North Waziristan and eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/22/09)(AP, 8/21/09)(SFC, 8/22/09, p.A2)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.36)
2009        Aug 21, Philippine police arrested Dinno-Amor Rosalejos Pareja, also known as Khalil Pareja, the alleged leader of a radical Islamist group believed to be responsible for one of Southeast Asia's deadliest terror attacks. Pareja is allegedly the leader of the Rajah Solaiman Movement, a group of Christian converts to Islam. The group is believed to be behind the 2004 ferry bombing that killed 116 people in Manila Bay. It was the second-most deadly terrorist attack in Southeast Asia after the 2002 attack on the Indonesian resort island of Bali that killed 202 people.
    (AP, 8/21/09)
2009        Aug 21, A landslide at Portugal’s Maria Luisa beach in Albufeira on the Algarve coast killed five people and injured at least four.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 21, Slovakia stopped Hungary’s Pres. Laszlo Solyom from crossing its border. This was a breach of EU rules on freedom of movement.  Solyom had planned to unveil a statue of St. Stephen, the first king of Hungary, in the predominantly Hungarian city of Komarno. Slovakia’s government had objected to the visit as the date coincided with the “Prague Spring" of 1968, when Hungary, as part of the Warsaw pact, took part in the Soviet crush of Czechoslovakia’s independence movement.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.46)
2009        Aug 21, In Somalia an insurgent attack on a peacekeeping base sparked gunbattles that killed at least 22 people, as the undermanned African peacekeeping force tried to maintain the government's tenuous hold on Somalia's battered capital.
    (Reuters, 8/21/09)

2010        Aug 21, Newly ubiquitous "Golden Girls" actress Betty White won the fifth Emmy of her career for hosting an episode of "Saturday Night Live," while fellow screen veteran Ann-Margret got a standing ovation after receiving her first statuette.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Alaska a float-plane carrying 4 people went missing 285 miles southwest of Anchorage. The passengers included 3 Katmai National Park rangers.
    (SFC, 8/23/10, p.A5)
2010        Aug 21, Roland Haas (58), a Georgia-based former Army Reserve intelligence officer, was found dead from a gunshot wound that pierced his femoral artery. In 2007 Haas had authored “Enter the Past Tense: My Secret Life as a CIA Assassin." Several former CIA officials denounced the book as a hoax.
    (SFC, 8/26/10, p.A10)
2010        Aug 21, It was reported that the cost of sustaining each American soldier in Afghanistan is about $1 million.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.33)
2010        Aug 21, In Afghanistan 2 foreign soldiers fighting the Taliban were killed in separate attacks. 5 civilians were killed in northern Afghanistan when an IED detonated. In the north insurgents, using a bomb detonated by remote control, destroyed the vehicle in which former guerrilla commander Salaam Pahlawan was traveling as he made his way to government offices in Faryab province's Al Mar district. The attack also killed two of Pahlawan's sons, ages 5 and 10, and two bodyguards. In Herat province insurgents ambushed a convoy carrying a provincial council member running for a seat in next month's elections for the national parliament, killing the man's brother. Insurgents in Kandahar province killed the head of a private security company, while one civilian was killed and five wounded by a land mine in Herat's Anjil district. At least 15 police officers were killed across the country. This included 6 killed while asleep at a checkpoint on ring Road in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)(AP, 8/22/10)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 21, Australians voted between giving their first female prime minister her own election mandate and returning to a conservative government after just three years. The inconclusive election left the nation facing its first hung parliament since 1940. Both Labor and the Liberal-led coalition conceded that neither is likely to hold the 76 seats needed to form a government in the 150-seat lower chamber.
    (Reuters, 8/21/10)(AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Bangladesh at least 15 people died over the last 24 hours after drinking toxic home-brewed liquor in the northeast. They had consumed alcohol mixed with toxic methanol in the Sylhet district late Aug 18.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, gunmen engaged in a shootout with police took 30 people hostage at a luxury hotel popular with foreign tourists but within hours freed the captives and surrendered to police. One bystander was killed as she was getting out of a taxi.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In China the Yalu river, which marks the Chinese-North Korean border, breached its banks on both sides following torrential rains. Four people died and more than 94,000 were evacuated. In North Korea at least 5,150 people were evacuated as residents clambered on rooftops or took shelter on hilltops.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)(AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Egypt a Vincent Van Gogh painting, identified as "Poppy Flowers," was cut out of its frame in the Mahmoud Khalil museum after it opened in the morning. The painting was valued at 55 million dollars. The painting of the yellow and red flowers in a vase had been stolen before, in 1977, but was found the following year. None of the alarms and only seven out of 43 surveillance cameras were working at the Cairo museum where the painting was stolen. In October a court convicted 11 officials from the Culture Ministry of gross negligence and sentenced them to 3 years in prison, pending an appeal.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)(AP, 8/22/10)(SFC, 10/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 21, Iranian and Russian engineers began loading fuel into Iran's first nuclear power plant, which Moscow has promised to safeguard to prevent material at the site from being used in any potential weapons production.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, Israel and the Palestinians accepted a US call to restart direct peace talks but politicians on both sides have warned of the pitfalls ahead, saying talks will be stillborn unless Israel halts building in West Bank settlements. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak accepted an invitation to attend the start of direct peace talks.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Mexico a gunbattle erupted between police and gunmen in Ciudad Juarez, killing one person and prompting US authorities to close a highway that runs along the border in El Paso, Texas. The bodies of two security guards for Mexican bottling company FEMSA were found dead a day after a shootout in Santa Catalina, a suburb of Monterrey.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 21, A consortium of Mexican investors said they have acquired 95 percent of Mexicana de Aviacion airline, which earlier this month filed for bankruptcy protection. The Tenedora K group was formed "to capitalize" and "save" Nuevo Grupo Aeronautico, the holding company that controls Mexicana de Aviacion and two domestic airlines, Mexicana Click and Mexicana Link.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 21, About 150,000 Pakistanis were forced to move to higher ground over the last 24 hours as floodwaters from a freshly swollen Indus River submerged dozens more towns and villages in the south. The floods have affected about one-fifth of Pakistan's territory, straining its civilian government as it also struggles against al-Qaida and Taliban violence. At least 6 million people have been made homeless and 20 million affected overall. The economic cost is expected to run into billions of dollars.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Pakistan suspected US missiles fired from an unmanned drone killed six militants in a tribal region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, Laura Dekker, a 14-year-old Dutch sailor, departed in secrecy from Gibraltar on her quest to become the youngest person to sail solo around the world, avoiding the media because her manager said she didn't want the attention.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In the Philippines communist guerrillas, the New People’s Army, killed a local council member in northern Samar province and then waited for police to arrive. They then killed 8 police officers.
    (SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 21, In Romania Gheorghe Apostol (b.1913), a veteran Communist politician, died. He gained international attention in 1989 by publicly criticizing Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.
    (AP, 8/25/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Russia Madomedali Vagabov, the man suspected of organizing suicide bombings that killed 40 people on the Moscow subway in March, was killed in a shootout with Russian security forces. The National Antiterrorism Committee told Russian news agencies that Vagabov was effectively second in command in the separatist insurgency in Russia's mountainous North Caucasus region.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, Hundreds of residents of Kaliningrad, Russia's Baltic exclave, gathered on a central square to demand the resignation of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin's government.
    (AP, 8/21/10)
2010        Aug 21, In Venezuela a soldier, identified as Jeffersson Jose Trujillo Vasquez, shot and killed two officers at the Fort Tiuna military base in Caracas, setting off a gunfight that wounded six other soldiers. Trujillo Vasquez was arrested on Sep 21 in a slum in the city of Araure in the western state of Portuguesa.
    (AP, 8/21/10)(AP, 9/22/10)

2011        Aug 21, Northwestern University researchers reported that they found that the basis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a malfunctioning protein recycling system in the neurons of the brain and spinal cord.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3zne3yv)
2011        Aug 21, In El Cajon, San Diego County, Ca., Kevin Collier committed suicide after killing his baby daughter and mother-in-law. He wounded a police officer and torched his home before killing himself. His wife had filed for divorce days before.
    (SFC, 8/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 21, In northern Indiana Arthur L. Anderson a 76-year-old Scout leader was stabbed to death while leading Boy Scouts on a hiking trip. Suspect Shane C. Golitko (22), who battered his mother and killed a dog near the trail, was arrested following an eight-mile police chase.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 21, Afghan election officials said that nine parliamentarians should be removed from their posts because of election fraud allegations, an attempt to put an end to a nearly yearlong state of limbo in the legislature. 3 government officials were gunned down, 2 in Helmand province and one in Kandahar city. A district education director and two tribal leaders were shot and killed by Taliban militants in Paktika province's Omany district. Two Afghan civilians were killed in Paktika’s Yahyakhail district when their motorbike hit a roadside bomb. Villagers in Helmand province stoned to death a Taliban commander and his bodyguard after they killed a local man (60) accused of aiding the government.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 21, In Cape Verde, one of Africa's most stable and prosperous nations, liberal opposition candidate Jorge Carlos Fonseca unseated the party which held the presidency for a decade. Fonseca, a former foreign minister, won 54.90 percent of the vote, besting his socialist rival Manuel Inocencio Sousa, who garnered 45.91 percent of the vote.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 21, An Indian government report said hundreds of unmarked graves in Kashmir hold more than 2,000 bullet-riddled bodies that may include innocent victims, despite police claims that they were militants fighting Indian rule in the disputed Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In Libya large anti-regime protests erupted in several Tripoli neighborhoods where thousands braved the bullets of snipers perched atop high buildings. At the same time, hundreds of rebel forces advanced to within 15 miles west of the capital and were rushing forward in pickup trucks and on foot. Rebels swarmed into Tripoli late in the day and restored the country’s internet connection.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(AP, 8/22/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.11)
2011        Aug 21, In Nigeria three Christians died in an overnight attack on the village of Kwi in troubled Plateau state. At least 4 people died in floods in the northeast town of Kari. Some 1,800 people were displaced by the floods. Another house collapse in Kano killed six more people. Nigerian officers arrested Babagana Ismail Kwaljima and Babagan Mali, two men tied to Boko Haram. They were planning an attack that took place on August 26. A 3rd suspect, Mamman Nur, remained at large.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(AP, 8/22/11)(SFC, 9/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 21, In Pakistan militants carried out a series of attacks against soldiers in the rugged tribal region along the Afghan border, killing two troops and wounding more than a dozen others.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, Palestinian militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip bombarded southern Israel with rockets and mortars and Israel hit back with an airstrike. Israeli troops also rounded up 50 Hamas activists in the West Bank in a sweeping overnight raid. Gaza militants agreed to a cease-fire with Israel to stop three days of violence.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In the central Philippines the steel-hulled inter-island ferry, M/V Island Fastcraft 1, with at least 75 people caught fire then sank amid stormy weather, leaving 3 people dead, one missing while the rest were rescued.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In Poland two small planes have crashed within half an hour of each other in separate accidents in the southern part of the country, killing six people.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In Spain Pope Benedict XVI urged more than 1.5 million young people to become missionaries for the faith as he concluded a glitch-marred church youth festival and announced that the next edition will be in Rio de Janeiro in 2013.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, Syria’s Pres. Assad promised imminent reforms, including parliamentary elections by February. The opposition rejected his remarks. Pro-regime gunmen fired their guns in celebration after Assad's appearance, killing two people overnight.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 21, Trinidad President George Maxwell Richards issued the state of emergency decree following a spike in violent crime that saw 11 murders in 48 hours. Dusk to dawn curfews were imposed.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 21, Turkish airstrikes on suspected rebel targets in northern Iraq killed seven Iraqi civilians, including five children and a woman, in an attack on Kortak mountain. Police used tear gas and pepper spray to disperse Kurdish protesters who tried to march to a main square in Istanbul to denounce the Turkish raids. In demonstrators marched to protest the PKK.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, Vietnamese police swooped in and crushed an anti-China rally, arresting dozens of protesters who refused to stop chanting and forcing them onto two buses that were driven away.
    (AP, 8/21/11)
2011        Aug 21, In southern Yemen a pair of suicide bombings targeting anti-al-Qaida tribesmen killed 11 people in Abyan province.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2012        Aug 21, American swimmer Diana Nyad (63) ended her 4th attempt to swim from Cuba to Florida after 41 hours and 45 minutes of swimming.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 21, Cuba said it has sentenced 12 people to prison for corruption, including high-ranking government officials and employees of a jointly run Cuban-Canadian nickel operation.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Germany a trial opened in Koblenz for 26 alleged neo-Nazis on accusations they were responsible for a spate of attacks on leftists.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Two leading rights groups called for an end to international cash and technical assistance to Iran's anti-drug campaign, which they said was bolstering a rise in executions.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Lebanon overnight clashes between supporters and opponents of President Bashar Assad left two dead and as many as 45 wounded.
    (AP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf suspended 46 government officials, including her son, for failing to declare their assets.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Mexico's Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a key portion of a military law that has broadened the influence of military courts and angered civilian victims seeking justice.
    (AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Pakistan US drones fired missiles at a vehicle in North Waziristan killing 5 suspected militants and injuring two.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 21, In Pakistan barber Yousaf Khan (32) was kidnapped by seven members of a landowning family who gouged his eyes with a sharp knife before slitting his ears, nose, lips and tongue over a relationship with a married woman in the family in Mirzapur village.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 21, Sierra Leone said it has signed a $15 million (12 million euro) loan agreement with China for the installation of a fiber optic cable which will boost Internet capabilities.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In South Africa Platinum giant Lonmin eased off its threat to fire miners who failed to return to work, as the government pleaded for time to mourn the 44 people killed during a wildcat strike. The company said about one-third of Lonmin's 28,000 employees at the Marikana platinum mine reported for work today.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Syrian government forces stormed Moadamiyeh, a rebel-held town outside Damascus after days of fierce fighting, killing at least 23 fighters. Army shelling bombarded a cemetery in a Damascus suburb during funerals for victims of a freshly discovered massacre. Warplanes and helicopters attacked towns and villages north of Aleppo, killing 2 civilians, including a young boy. At least 128 people were killed nationwide, among them 81 civilians.
    (AP, 8/21/12)(AFP, 8/21/12)(SFC, 8/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 21, Syrian deputy PM Qadri Jamil visiting Moscow held out the prospect that embattled President Bashar al-Assad could leave power as part of a negotiated settlement to the increasingly ferocious conflict.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, Togolese authorities fired tear gas to disperse a protest by several thousand people in the capital Lome. This was the first of three days of demonstrations planned by Let's Save Togo, a coalition of opposition and civil society groups. A week earlier Togo's government banned street demonstrations in commercial centers.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)
2012        Aug 21, In Yemen suspected Al-Qaeda militants blew up a pipeline pumping liquefied gas to the southern Balhaf export terminal. The early morning attack caused a complete halt in operations.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)

2013        Aug 21, In Maryland a military judge sentenced Pfc. Bradley Manning to 35 years in prison for providing more than 700,000 government files to WikiLeaks.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 21, Former south Texas Judge Abel Limas (59) was sentenced to six years in prison and three years of supervised release for collecting bribes and kickbacks in his Brownsville courtroom totalling $257,000.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 21, In the Central African Republic a Red Cross official said at least 12 people are dead following clashes in Bangui.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, An Egyptian court ordered the release of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, The EU decided to suspend exports of weapons and goods that could be used for internal repression but did not halt aid programs for fear of hurting ordinary Egyptians already hit hard.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, In southern Germany a gunman opened fire on a meeting in Dossenheim village, killing 2 people and wounding five before taking his own life.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, Greece's new state television channel began airing news programs, more than two months after the government's abrupt closure of state broadcaster ERT drew international condemnation and triggered an acute political crisis.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, In Iraq two bomb attacks halted the flow of crude oil through a pipeline running from the Kirkuk oil fields to the Mediterranean port of Ceyhan in Turkey, causing severe damage.
    (Reuters, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, Jordan's King Abdullah II swore in 13 new Cabinet ministers, enlarging the government as part of promised reforms.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, In Liberia Rodney Sieh, managing director of Frontpage Africa, was taken into custody following a Supreme Court ruling that the paper should pay US $1.6 million (1.2 million euros) for libelling former agriculture minister J. Chris Toe. The court ordered that the paper be closed down until the damages are paid in full. On Nov 20 Sieh said all charges against him have been dropped.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)(AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Aug 21, In Malaysia a bus travelling from the hilltop gambling resort of Genting Highlands to the capital Kuala Lumpur plunged 200 feet into a ravine, killing 37 people. 16 people survived.
    (Reuters, 8/21/13)(SFC, 8/22/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 21, In northeast Nigeria Islamist sect Boko Haram attacked the Gwoza Police Station, killing 2 officers but losing 7 of its members.
    (Reuters, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, The Pakistani military accused Indian troops of shelling across the disputed Kashmir border and killing an army captain, the latest in a series of alleged attacks over the past two weeks that have sparked tension between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, Pakistan’s government said flooding from monsoon rains has killed 139 people and affected nearly a million others.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 21, In Peru coffee growers from the central jungle clashed with police as they demanded more government help in grappling with the roya fungus that has eaten up their crops and earnings this year.
    (Reuters, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, In Puerto Rico US federal authorities had arrested at least 68 people and were seeking seven more in a multimillion dollar Social Security fraud case. Puerto Rico has been said to have one of the highest rates of fraud involving federal disability benefits.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, In Mogadishu, Somalia, gunmen killed 2 men and wounded two women, including a Swede, as they ambushed a car in what police believe may have been an attempted kidnap.
    (Reuters, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, Syrian anti-government activists accused the regime of carrying out a toxic gas attack that killed at least 130 people, including many children, during intense artillery and rocket barrages on the eastern suburbs of Damascus.
    (AP, 8/21/13)(SFC, 8/24/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 21, Yemen’s government apologized to southern seccessionists over the 1994 civil war begun against them by the previous president, in hopes of bringing them back to talks on the future of the country. Assailants shot dead the intelligence chief of the southern city of Aden and his nephew.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A2)(Reuters, 8/21/13)

2014        Aug 21, A US federal judge ruled that Florida’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional, but put a stay delaying the effect of his order.
    (SFC, 8/22/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 21, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation, effective Jan 1, overturning a ban on pets at bars and restaurants, and giving businesses the option of allowing dogs in outside spaces.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.A1)
2014        Aug 21, In Massachusetts Dias Kadyrbayev (20) pleaded guilty to impeding the investigation in the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. He was accused of removing a backpack containing emptied-out fireworks from the dorm room of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev.
    (SFC, 8/22/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 21, Oklahoma police officer Daniel Ken Holtzclaw (27) was arrested on complaints of sexually assaulting at least six women during traffic stops.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 21, In Oregon Blue Kalmbach (16) was sentenced to 11 years in prison for carving a swastika into another teen's forehead last February. Before carving the swastika with a box-cutter style of knife, he and three others shot the victim with a BB gun, forced him to eat cat feces and hit with him a crow bar and cricket-type bat. Kalmbach was the last of four teenagers to be sentenced in the case.
    (AP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 21, A new study suggested that there is an oversupply of synapses in at least some parts of the brains of children with autism.
    (SFC, 8/22/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 21, Cambodian officials said at least 45 people have been killed due to flooding in the last month. Some 11,500 families have been forced to flee their homes due to the flash floods along the Mekong River.
    (SFC, 8/21/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 21, China's Xi Jinping began a two-day trip to neighboring Mongolia -- the first Chinese president to visit in more than a decade -- with trade high on the agenda against a backdrop of resource nationalism.
    (AFP, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, In southern China at least seven people were stabbed in an apparently random attack in Guangzhou.
    (SFC, 8/21/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 21, The WHO said at least 70 people have died in northern Democratic Republic of Congo from an outbreak of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, denying that the illness was Ebola.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Egypt's Cairo airport and Tunisia cancelled most flights to and from Libya, days after the Libyan government said unidentified war planes had attacked positions of armed groups in Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, In Iraq the Islamic State stoned a man to death in Mosul.
    (AP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 21, An Israeli air strike in the Gaza Strip killed 3 senior Hamas commanders (Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al-Attar and Mohammed Barhoum). Palestinian health officials said 26 Palestinians, including 3 children, the Hamas commanders and at least 2 other militants, were killed in Israeli airstrikes.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Lithuania signed a deal with Norway's Statoil to supply natural gas to the country's new terminal starting 2015, as the Baltic state strives to cut its dependence on Russian energy.
    (AFP, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Mexican officials increased the number of disappeared people since the 2006 start of its drug war to 22,322.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/onzjzhj)
2014        Aug 21, Pakistan’s lower house of parliament passed a unanimous resolution rejecting calls for PM Sharif's resignation and vowing to uphold democracy. Opposition politician Imran Khan called off talks with the government aimed at ending protests seeking the fall of the prime minister, which have unnerved the nuclear-armed nation.
    (AFP, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Gunmen in northwest Pakistan opened fire on tankers carrying fuel for NATO troops in Afghanistan, killing a driver and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Philippine police arrested eight suspected members of an online syndicate in bulacan province. They were accused of blackmailing over 1,00 Hong Kong and Singaporean residents after luring them into exposing themselves in front of a webcam.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 21, Russian natural gas exporter Gazprom said that Ukraine's outstanding debt for gas supplies stood at $5.3 billion as of Aug. 1 and called on Kiev to ensure that gas continues to transit without disruption to Europe.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Russia said it was investigating dozens of McDonald's restaurants, in what many businessmen said was retaliation for Western sanctions over Ukraine they fear could spread to other symbols of Western capitalism.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Saudi police arrested at least 400 mostly African illegal migrants south of Riyadh. Authorities have been cracking down on illegal migrants since the expiration in November of a seven-month amnesty during which they had to regularize their status or leave the kingdom.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 21, Senegal closed its land border with Guinea as part of intensifying efforts to contain the Ebola outbreak that has killed 1,350 people since March in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 21, Syrian troops killed dozens of jihadi fighters, including a prominent media activist, in heavy clashes around Tabqa air base, Raqa province, that the Islamic State group is trying to seize. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 70 Islamic State jihadist fighters have been killed in 48 hours of clashes with Syrian army troops.
    (AP, 8/21/14)(AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 21, Thailand's legislature voted overwhelmingly to name Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha as prime minister. Prayuth was the only candidate and the assembly was hand-picked by the military junta.
    (AP, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Ukrainian border guards began to inspect a Russian truck convoy carrying aid earmarked for humanitarian relief in eastern Ukraine that has been stranded at the frontier for nearly a week. A Ukrainian military spokesman said 3 refugees including a child (5) were killed near Luhansk when rebel gunfire hit their car. 5 Ukrainian servicemen were also reported killed overnight.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Ukrainian Economy Minister Pavlo Sheremeta said he had tendered his resignation, voicing frustration at the poor pace of economic reform by a government which he said acted "like a predator towards business".
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)

2017        Aug 21, Next total solar eclipse to be visible from North America.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

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