Today in History - August 22

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408        Aug 22, Flavius Stilicho (48), West Roman field leader (395-408), died.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

565        Aug 22, St. Columba reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

634        Aug 22, Abu Bekr Abd Allah (61), [al-Siddik], successor of Mohammed, died. He was a friend, an Arabic merchant, Mohammed’s father-in-law and the first Caliph. Before his death he appointed Mohammed's adviser Omar (Umar) as his successor.
    (ATC, p.66)(PC, 1992, p.61)

1138        Aug 22, English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor. Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to its being called Battle of the Standard.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1350        Aug 22, Philips VI, of Valois, King of France (1328-50), died.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1350        Aug 22, John II, also known as John the Good, succeeded Philip VI as king of France.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1454        Aug 22, Jews were expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus Posthumus (1440-1457), king of Hungary as Ladislaus V, king of Bohemia as Ladislaus I.
    (MC, 8/22/02)(Internet)

1485        Aug 22, Henry Tudor defeated Richard III (32) at Bosworth. England's King Richard III (1483-1485), the last of the Plantagenet kings, was killed in the Battle of Bosworth. This victory established the Tudor dynasty in England and ended the War of the Roses. 12 miles west of Leicester, the forces of Richard III met the forces under Henry Tudor (later to become Henry VII). Henry Tudor had returned from French exile on August 7 at Milford Haven and assembled forces including two Yorkist defectors, Thomas Stanley and his brother Sir William. These allies, plus the defection of Henry Percy, the 4th earl of Northumberland helped decide the outcome of the battle. Richard, whose forces had taken position on Ambien Hill, died fighting in an attempt to get at Henry Tudor himself. On Feb 4, 2013, scientists announced that they had identified his skeleton, which was found in a car park in 2012. 
    (AP, 8/22/97)(HN, 8/22/98)(HNQ, 8/22/00)(Reuters, 2/4/13)

1543        Aug 22, French and Ottoman forces captured Nice following a siege of the city. Admiral Barbarossa led the Ottoman fleet in the campaign.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.93)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Nice)

1559        Aug 22, Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza was arrested as a heretic.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1601        Aug 22, Georges de Scudery, French writer (Observations sur le Cid), was born.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1614        Aug 22, Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chased and plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1642        Aug 22, Civil war in England began as Charles I declared war on the Puritan Parliament at Nottingham. Charles I went to the House of Commons to arrest some of its members and was refused entry. From this point on no monarch was allowed entry. The Oct 23 Battle of Edgehill was the first major clash of armies of the English Civil War.
    (HN, 8/22/98)(SFC, 10/16/98, p.D3)(ON, 12/00, p.1)

1647        Aug 22, Denis Papin, inventor of the pressure cooker, was born.
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1654        Aug 22, Jacob Barsimson, the 1st Jewish immigrant to US, arrived in New Amsterdam.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1681        Aug 22, Pierre Danican Philidor, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1717        Aug 22, The Austrian army forced the Turkish army out of Belgrade, ending the Turkish revival in the Balkans.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1762        Aug 22, Ann Franklin became the first female editor of an American newspaper, the Newport, Rhode Island "Mercury."
    (AP, 8/22/00)

1777        Aug 22, With the approach of General Benedict Arnold's army, British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandoned Fort Stanwix and returns to Canada.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1780        Aug 22, HMS Resolution returned to England without Capt Cook.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1781        Aug 22, Col. William Campbell (36), West Virginia Patriot militia leader, died of an apparent heart attack during the siege of Yorktown. Campbell had led his militia in the Patriot victory on October 7, 1780, at the Battle of King's Mountain in South Carolina
    (ON, 12/07, p.7)

1787        Aug 22, Inventor John Fitch demonstrated his steamboat, the Perseverance, on the Delaware River to delegates of the Continental Congress. In 2004 Andrea Sutcliffe authored “Steam: The Untold Story of America’s First Great Invention."
    (AP, 8/22/99)(WSJ, 7/27/04, p.D10)

1791        Aug 22, A Haitian slave revolution began under voodoo priest Boukman.
    (MC, 8/22/02)(SFCM, 5/30/04, p.9)

1793        Aug 22, Louis Duke de Noailles (80), marshal of France, was guillotined.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1806        Aug 22, Jean-Honore Fragonard (74), French painter, engraver, died.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1818        Aug 22, Warren Hastings (85), 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), died.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1826        Aug 22, Colonies under Jebediah Strong Smith moved near Salt Lake Utah.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1827        Aug 22, Industrialist Ezra Butler Eddy (d.1906) was born in Vermont. E.B. Eddy, who became known as the matchmaker of the world, moved his small friction-match factory from Burlington, Vt., to Hull, Que., in 1851. He expanded, modernized and diversified to produce a variety of wood and paper products. Eddy was elected mayor of Hull six times and was a member of the Quebec legislature for six years.
    (AP, 8/22/01)
1827        Aug 22, Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dorfschwalben aus Austria), was born.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1828        Aug 22, Franz Joseph Gall (70), German-French physician, fraud (phrenology), died.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1836        Aug 22, Archibald M. Willard, US, artist (Spirit of '76), was born.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1846        Aug 22, Gen. Stephen W. Kearny proclaimed all of New Mexico a territory of the United States. The US pledged to honor the land grants in northern New Mexico that were awarded by the Spanish and Mexican governors of the territory.
    (WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A6)(AP, 8/22/07)

1849        Aug 22, The Portuguese governor of Macao, China, was assassinated because of his anti-Chinese policies.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1850        Aug 22, Nikolaus Lenau (48) (pseudonym of Nikolaus Franz Niembsch), Hungarian-born poet and writer, died in Austria.
    (MC, 8/22/02)(Internet)

1851        Aug 22, The Schooner America, designed by George Steers, outraced the Aurora in the Solent, a stretch of sea separating the Isle of Wight from England proper, to win the Queen’s cup, a trophy that renamed as the America’s Cup. For 132 years the New York Yacht Club defeated all challengers to retain the prestigious America’s Cup, the record for the longest winning streak in sports history. The Liberty lost it to the Australia II in 1983.
    (AP, 8/22/97)(SFEC, 10/1/00, p.T4)(AH, 2/03, p.29)(SSFC, 4/15/07, p.G4)

1862        Aug 22, Claude Debussy (d.1918), composer (La Mer, Clair de Lune), was born in St. Germain-en-Laye.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1862        Aug 22, Santee Sioux attacked Fort Ridgely, Minn.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1864        Aug 22, In Geneva, Switzerland, representatives of 12 nations agreed to sign the First Geneva Contention “for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field." By 1866 twenty countries had signed. 194 states were signatories as of 2008.
    (ON, 4/08, p.12)

1877        Aug 22, Nez Perce fled into Yellowstone National Park.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1880        Aug 22, George Herriman (d.1944), cartoonist and creator of Krazy Kat, was born.
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1888        Aug 22, The City of Chester, a 202-foot passenger steamship, sank as it left the San Francisco Bay after colliding with the incoming ocean line Oceanic. 16 people died including 3 crew members and 13 men, women and children. Wreckage of the Chester was found in May, 2013, in 217 feet of water near the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC, 4/24/14, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/m2fdxwe)

1891        Aug 22, Jacque Lipchitz (d.1973), sculptor, was born in Poland.
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1893        Aug 22, Dorothy Parker (d.1967), poet, satirist, screenwriter and founding member of the Algonquin Round Table, was born in West Bend, N.J. "Authors and actors and artists and such / Never know nothing, and never know much."
    (AP, 8/22/97)(HN, 8/22/02)

1900        Aug 22, Gabriel Fauré’s opera "Promethee," premiered in Beziers.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1902        Aug 22, Leni Riefenstahl, [Helene Bertha Amalie], actress, Hitler's favorite cinematographer (Triumph of the Will, Tiefland), was born in Germany.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1902        Aug 22, President Theodore Roosevelt became the first U.S. chief executive to ride in an automobile in Hartford, Conn.
    (AP, 8/22/97)
1902        Aug 22, The Cadillac Company formed from the Henry Ford Co. when Henry Ford left. Ford formed the Ford Motor Co. in 1903.
    (http://home.planet.nl/~nagte017/Cadillactext001.html)

1904        Aug 22, Deng Xiaoping (d.1997), Chinese leader from 1977 to 1987, was born in Sichuan province. He held nominal leadership position until his death.
    (HN, 8/22/00)(AP, 8/22/04)

1906        Aug 22, The 1st Victor Victrola was manufactured.
    (MC, 8/22/02)(SFC, 1/21/09, p.G4)

1908        Aug 22, Henri Cartier-Bresson, photographer, was born in Chanteloup, France.
    (HN, 8/22/00)(MC, 8/22/02)

1910        Aug 22, Japan annexed Korea following 5 years as a protectorate and ruled for 35 years.
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-1)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(AP, 8/22/06)

1911        Aug 22, President William Taft vetoed a joint resolution of Congress granting statehood to Arizona.  Taft vetoed the resolution because he believed a provision in the state constitution authorizing the recall of judges was a blow at the independence of the judiciary. The offending clause was removed an Arizona was admitted to statehood on February 14, 1912. Afterward, the state restored the article in its constitution.
    (HNQ, 11/21/99)

1914        Aug 22, In France some 27,000 soldiers died in the bloodiest battle of French history.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, Z1 p.2)
1914        Aug 22, Von Ludendorff and von Hindenburg moved into East Prussia enroute to Russia.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1917        Aug 22, John Lee Hooker, blues singer and guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1920        Aug 22, Ray Bradbury, science fiction writer whose works include "The Martian Chronicles" and "Fahrenheit 451," was born.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-3)(HN, 8/22/98)
1920        Aug 22, Denton Cooley, heart surgeon (1st artificial heart implant), was born in Houston.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1920        Aug 22, Swedish artist Anders Zorn (b.1860) died. His work included “the Thorn Bush" (1886).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anders_Zorn)(SFC, 11/9/13, p.E1)

1921        Aug 22, J. Edgar Hoover became asst. director of FBI.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1922        Aug 22, Michael Collins, Irish politician, was killed in an ambush.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1923        Aug 22, Paavo Nurmi of Finland ran a world record mile (4:10.4).
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1932        Aug 22, BBS began experimental regular TV broadcasts.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1934        Aug 22, H. Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War (1991), was born in Trenton, NJ.
    (HN, 8/22/98)(MC, 8/22/02)
1934        Aug 22, Alcatraz began operations as a US federal prison as Al Capone and 52 other felons arrived from eastern prisons.
    (SSFC, 8/17/14, p.42)

1935        Aug 22, E. Annie Proulx, writer, was born in Connecticut. Her novels included "Postcards" and "The Shipping News."
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1941        Aug 22, Nazi troops reached Leningrad.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1942        Aug 22, Brazil declared war on the Axis powers. She was the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe.
    (HN, 8/22/98)
1942        Aug 22, Mikhailmichel Fokine, Russian ballet dancer, choreographer, died.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1943        Aug 22, Soviet troops freed Kharkov.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1944        Aug 22, Hitler ordered Paris to be destroyed.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1944        Aug 22, In Bordeaux, France, Heinz Stahlschmidt (d.2010 at 92), a junior officer in the German navy, defied his superiors plans to blow up Bordeaux's port by blowing up a munitions depot, rendering some 4,000 fuses useless and saving the port. Heinz Stahlschmidt became a French citizen in 1947 under the name of Henri Salmide and a Knight of the French Legion d’Honneur in September 2000.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yesjr4g)(AP, 2/26/10)
1944        Aug 22, Last transport of French Jews departed to Nazi Germany.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1945        Aug 22, Soviet troops landed at Port Arthur and Dairen on the Kwantung Peninsula in China.
    (HN, 8/22/98)
1945        Aug 22, Conflict in Vietnam began when a group of Free French parachuted into southern Indochina, in response to a successful coup by communist guerilla Ho Chi Minh.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(HN, 8/22/00)   

1950        Aug 22, Althea Gibson became the first black tennis player to be accepted in competition for the national championship.
    (AP, 8/22/00)

1951        Aug 22, Harlem Globetrotters played in Olympic Stadium at Berlin before 75,052.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1953        Aug 22, France closed the penal colony on Devil's Island.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1953        Aug 22, Shah of Persia returned to Teheran.
    (www.scribd.com/doc/20604794/Mohammad-Reza-Shah-Pahlavi)

1956        Aug 22, President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon were nominated for second terms in office by the Republican National Convention in San Francisco.
    (AP, 8/22/97)(Ind, 11/3/01, 5A)

1962        Aug 22, Savannah, world's 1st nuclear powered ship, completed here maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Ga.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1962        Aug 22, There was a failed assassination on president De Gaulle.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1965        Aug 22, in San Francisco Giants’ pitcher Juan Marichal struck Johnny Roseboro, the catcher of the Los Angeles Dodgers, with a bat sparking a fight in the third inning that took fourteen minutes to clear before play resumed.
    (SSFC, 8/23/15, DB p.46)

1966        Aug 22, The Beatles arrived in NYC.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1968        Aug 22, Pope Paul VI arrived in Bogota, Colombia, for the start of the first papal visit to Latin America.
    (AP, 8/22/98)
1968        Aug 22, In Czechoslovakia a Soviet-led invasion crushed the Prague Spring reforms. In 1997 3 Communist Party leaders, Milos Jakes, Karel Hoffmann and Joseph Lenart, were accused of conspiring with the Soviets.
    (SFC, 5/3/97, p.A10)

1972        Aug 22, US Congress created the Idaho’s Sawtooth National Recreation Area.
    (www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/1995/July/Day-28/pr-1138.html)(SFC, 12/11/99, p.A18)
1972        Aug 22, In Bratislava, Slovakia, the Novy Most (New Bridge) opened over the Danube. A section of the Old Town was bulldozed for its creation.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nov%C3%BD_Most_Bratislava)

1973        Aug 22, Henry Kissinger (b.1923), German-born American bureaucrat, succeeded William Rogers as Secretary of State under Pres. Nixon. He continued in office until 1977.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Kissinger)
1973        Aug 22, Chile’s Chamber of Deputies issued its “Declaration of the Breakdown of Chile’s Democracy." It accused Pres. Allende of violating laws.
    (www.pensionreform.org/icpr/eys/declaration.html)

1974        Aug 22, Jacob Bronowski (b.1908), British mathematician, cultural historian, died in East Hampton, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Bronowski)

1976        Aug 22, EPA scientists reported that they had discovered plutonium in the ocean sediment off the SF coast and radioactive cesium leaking from containers 120 miles east of Ocean City, Md. Some 62,000 steel drums of nuclear waste were dumped into the oceans from 1946-1970.
    (SFC, 8/17/01, p.WB6)
1976        Aug 22, In Brazil former Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek (b.1902) was killed in a car accident. In 2013 an investigation was ordered due to suspicion that his death was ordered by the military regime. In 2014 a national Truth Commission said there was no evidence that the military regime of the time was responsible for the accident.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juscelino_Kubitschek)(SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)(SFC, 4/23/14, p.A2)
1976        Aug 22, Oskar Brusewitz (b.1929), East German Lutheran vicar, died after having set himself on fire on August 18 to protest the repression of religion.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oskar_Br%C3%BCsewitz)

1978        Aug 22, In Kenya Pres. Jomo Kenyatta (1963-1978), a leading figure in Kenya's struggle for independence, died at age 83. He was succeeded by Vice President Daniel Arap Moi of the Kalengin tribe, head of the Kenya African National Union.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/27/97, p.B6)(AP, 8/22/98)
1978        Aug 22, Sandinistas occupied the National Palace in Managua, Nicaragua.
    (www.jorian.com/san.html)

1979        Aug 22, James T. Farrell (b.1904), author (Young Lonigan), died. In 2004 Robert K. Landers authored "The Life and Times of James T. Farrell."
    (SFC, 2/26/04, p.E1)

1981        Aug 22, In Indianapolis, Indiana, King Edward Bell (33), a laid-off autoworker, killed his estranged wife, mother-in-law and 4 children. Bell was sentenced to six consecutive 40-year prison terms.
    (AP, 6/2/06)(http://tinyurl.com/3dnvkc)

1982        Aug 22, Alfonso Portillo, a Guatemalan professor at Mexico’s Guerrero Autonomous Univ., shot and killed 2 political adversaries outside a party. In 1999 Portillo ran as a presidential candidate for the Guatemalan Republican Front and said he had acted in self defense.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A15)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3335/is_200001/ai_n8048120)

1984        Aug 22, The Republican convention in Dallas renominated Ronald Reagan.
    (http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0329270-00)
1984        Aug 22, The VW plant at Westmoreland, Pa., produced its last Volkswagen Rabbit.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34j6lf)

1985        Aug 22, A fire broke out aboard a British Airtours charter jet on a runway at Manchester Airport in England and 55 people died.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

1986        Aug 22, Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood (1946-1974) $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit.
    (AP, 8/22/97)

1987        Aug 22, The supertanker Bridgeton and three other reflagged Kuwaiti tankers left Kuwait under U.S. escort and safely cleared Persian Gulf waters where the Bridgeton had hit a mine the month before.
    (AP, 8/22/97)

1988        Aug 22, Speaking to the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Chicago, Vice President George Bush defended the Vietnam-era National Guard service of running mate Dan Quayle, saying, "He did not go to Canada, he did not burn his draft card and he damn sure didn't burn the American flag."
    (AP, 8/22/98)

1989        Aug 22, Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers struck out his 5,000th batter, Rickey Henderson.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/R/Ryan_Nolan.stm)
1989        Aug 22, Black Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton (47) was shot to death in Oakland, Calif., by a drug dealer. Gunman Tyrone Robinson (25) was later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.
    (AP, 8/22/97)(SFC,10/24/97, p.A15)

1990        Aug 22, President Bush signed an order calling up reservists to bolster the US military buildup in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 8/22/00)

1991        Aug 22, The Supreme Court of Canada struck down the so-called rape shield law, which said the previous sexual conduct of a rape victim could not be used in court.
    (AP, 8/22/01)
1991        Aug 22, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev returned to Moscow following the collapse of the hard-liners' coup. Later that day, he purged his government of the men who'd tried to oust him.
    (AP, 8/22/01)

1992        Aug 22, President Bush told an evangelical gathering in Dallas that the Democrats had left "three simple letters" out of their platform: "G-o-d." Democrat Bill Clinton said Bush was trying to divert attention from the economy.
    (AP, 8/22/02)
1992        Aug 22, Neo-Nazi violence against foreigners erupted in Rostock, Germany.
    (AP, 8/22/97)

1993        Aug 22, NASA engineers continued trying, without success, to re-establish contact with the Mars Observer, a day after losing contact.
    (AP, 8/22/98)

1994        Aug 22, DNA testing linked OJ Simpson to the murder of Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman.
    (www.usatoday.com/news/index/nns053.htm)
1994        Aug 22, A catacarb leak at the Unocal facility in Rodeo, Ca., lasted 16 days. A suit by 6,000 residents settled in 1997 charged Unocal $80 million.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A10)
1994        Aug 22, Leo Lerman (b.1915), writer and editor for Conde Nast, died. He left behind numerous notebooks, which were published in 2007 under the title “The Grand Surprise."    
    (WSJ, 4/13/07, p.W6)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0503566/bio)
1994        Aug 22, Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico's ruling party declared his victory as president, a day after his leading opponents charged the election was unfair.
    (AP, 8/22/99)

1995        Aug 22, Congressman Mel Reynolds (Democrat, Illinois) was convicted in Chicago of sexual misconduct involving an underage campaign volunteer. Reynolds was sentenced to five years in prison; he was later convicted of lying to obtain loans and of illegally siphoning campaign money for personal use. Reynolds was later sentenced to five years in prison; he ended up serving 2 1/2.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

1996        Aug 22, Pres. Clinton signed a welfare reform bill, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (welfare to work), to curtail fraud and abuse that also set new standards for disabled children and ended up eliminating many from supplemental security income. It ended guaranteed cash payments to the poor and demanded work from recipients. It originated in the 1994 Republican "Contract with America." It included a ban on free federal medical care for new green-card holders during their 1st 5 years. The bill included “Temporary Assistance for Needy Families" (TANF), which replaced welfare.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A1,17)(AP, 8/22/97)(WSJ, 11/20/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 8/29/01, p.A1)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.46)
1996        Aug 22, The US Army began operating an incinerator in Utah to destroy a 14,000 ton stockpile of chemical weapons over 7 years.
    (WSJ, 8/23/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 22, In Bahrain new environmental anti-pollution laws went into effect.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E3)
1996        Aug 22, Neo-Nazi Gary Lauck of the US was sentenced to 4 years in prison in Germany for supplying hate literature and paraphernalia for 2 decades.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A18)   

1997        Aug 22, A federal judge rejected Pres. Clinton’s request to dismiss the sexual harassment suit of Paula Jones. The trial was scheduled to start May 27, 1998.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 22, A federal official threw out the contentious Teamsters election because of alleged campaign fund-raising abuses, forcing union President Ron Carey into another race against James P. Hoffa.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/22/98)
1997        Aug 22, A $64.8 million 890- lb. Lewis satellite was launched by NASA on a hoped-for 5-year mission. It went into an uncontrolled spin on Aug 22 and was expected to fall and burn up in Earth’s atmosphere in Sep.
    (SFC, 9/27/97, p.A3)
1997        Aug 22, It was reported that Ethiopia has completed work on more than 200 dams that use 624 million cubic yards of Nile water per year.
    (WSJ, 8/22/97, p.A10)
1997        Aug 22, In Kenya armed marauders attacked a church filled with some 2,500 refugees and killed 2 refugees and wounded a police guard in Linkoni.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A12)
1997        Aug 22, On Montserrat voluntary evacuation of the islanders was begun. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. It was expected that much of the island would not be habitable for 20 years after the eruptions ceased.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A12)
1997        Aug 22, In Rwanda at least 120 people were killed at the Mudende camp near Mutura. The slain were thought to have been Tutsis and were killed by "infiltrators," rival rebel Hutus.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A14)

1998        Aug 22, President Clinton, in his Saturday radio address, announced he had signed an executive order putting Osama bin Laden's Islamic Army on a list of terrorist groups.
    (AP, 8/22/99)
1998        Aug 22, Elena Garro (b. 1920), Mexican novelist, playwright and former wife of Octavio Paz, died at age 77. Her foremost novel was "Recuerdos del Porvenir" (Remembrances of the Future).
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.D4)
1998        Aug 22, The 15 Caribbean leaders at the Caribbean Forum (Cariforum) said they wanted a new trade accord with Europe to maintain preferential quotas in order to gain time and adjust to the global liberalization of markets. The current agreement expires in 2000. A hemisphere-wide Free Trade Area was envisioned by the year 2005.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.A25)

1999        Aug 22, The US Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that the number of Americans on parole topped 4 million for the first time.
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A4)
1999        Aug 22, Hurricane Bret hit the US-Mexican border near Brownsville late on this day. Winds hit 125 mph but the storm missed populated areas.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A2)(SFC, 8/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 22, Art dealer Leo Castelli died in New York at age 91.
    (AP, 8/22/00)
1999        Aug 22, In Hong Kong a China Airlines plane with over 300 passengers overturned while landing under high winds from Typhoon [Tropical Storm] Sam. 3 people were killed and 211 injured of the 313 survivors.
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A14)(AP, 8/22/04)
1999        Aug 22, In Russia 4 small radical political parties joined forces as the Stalinist Bloc led by Viktor Anpilov, Yevgeny Dzugashvili (Stalin's grandson) and Gen'l. Stanislov Terekhov.
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A14)
1999        cAug 22, In Switzerland the chief of the secret service was suspended amid reports that he had embezzled millions of dollars and was using the money to assemble a private army. Accountant Dino Bellasi was accused of embezzling $6 million from the Defense Ministry and used the money to train a secret army.
    (WSJ, 8/23/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/3/99, p.A8)

2000        Aug 22, Publishers Clearing House agreed to pay $18 million to 24 states and the District of Columbia to settle allegations it had used deceptive promotions in its sweepstakes mailings.
    (AP, 8/22/01)
2000        Aug 22, In Japan Mitsubishi Motors admitted that it had concealed tens of thousands customer complaints about automobile defects since 1977.
    (SFC, 8/23/00, p.A10)
2000        Aug 22, In Malaysia 15 people including 13 children were killed when a tractor-trailer rig collided with a school van in Sarawak.
    (SFC, 8/24/00, p.A13)
2000        Aug 22, In Russia Pres. Putin met with grieving relatives of the 118 seamen who died in the Kursk nuclear submarine.
    (SFC, 8/23/00, p.A10)
2000        Aug 22, In Taiwan Typhoon Bilis struck with winds over 100 mph and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/23/00, p.A11)
2000        Aug 22, In West Timor pro-Indonesia militiamen severely beat 3 UN relief workers. UN relief work in West Timor was suspended the next day.
    (SFC, 8/24/00, p.A13)

2001        Aug 22, Sen. Jesse Helms (79) of North Carolina confirmed that he would not seek re-election next year.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 22, The space shuttle Discovery returned and brought home 3 crew members, Yuri Usachev, Susan Helms, and Jim Voss, who had spent nearly 6 months on the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 22, The All Species Foundation announced that Brian Boom would head the 25-year project for cataloguing every species.
    (WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A4)
2001        Aug 22, Brazil moved to produce a generic version of the anti-AIDS drug nelfinavir under int’l. patent protection by Roche.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A8)
2001        Aug 22, In Chechnya Russian troops claimed to have wounded rebel commander Shamil Basayev and killed 35 of his fighters.
    (WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 22, Israeli forces killed 7 Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 22, NATO members gave formal approval for alliance soldiers to collect weapons from Albanian guerrillas in Macedonia.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A8)

2002        Aug 22, In Oregon President Bush proposed to end the government's "hands-off" policy in national forests and ease logging restrictions in fire-prone areas.
    (WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/22/03)
2002        Aug 22, The US and Russia took away 100 pounds of weapons-grade uranium from an aging nuclear reactor in Belgrade to Russia for re-processing.
    (SFC, 8/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 22, Two US helicopter pilots were reported lost in South Korea. Their bodies were found the next day 13 miles south of Camp Page.
    (SFC, 8/24/02, p.A9)
2002        Aug 22, Researchers reported a new enzyme to treat victims of an anthrax attack and to help detect the spores.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 22, In Brazil President Fernando Henrique Cardoso signed a decree creating the Tumucumaque (the rock on top of the mountain) Mountains National Park, bigger than Maryland covering a region of virgin rainforest in Amapa state, along Brazil's northern borders with Surinam and Guyana.
    (AP, 8/22/02)(SFC, 8/23/02, p.A2)
2002        Aug 22, China evacuated some 600,000 people around the swollen Lake Dongting in Hunan province.
    (WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 22, In Nepal a small plane carrying 18 people, including tourists from Germany, the United States and Britain, crashed into a mountain in bad weather, killing all aboard.
    (Reuters, 8/22/02)(AP, 8/22/03)
2002        Aug 22, In Peru officials reported that police had destroyed 57 crude drug laboratories in the Peruvian jungle and burned 38 tons of coca leaf.
    (AP, 8/22/02)
2002        Aug 22, In the Philippines the heads of two Jehovah's Witnesses were found at Patikul on Jolo island, two days after the Abu Sayyaf rebels seized the two male preachers and six other hostages.
    (Reuters, 8/22/02)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)

2003        Aug 22, Roy Moore, Alabama's chief justice, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from his courthouse.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, In southern California members of the Earth Liberation Front struck 4 car dealerships. Damage at a Chevrolet dealership in West Covina was over $1 million.
    (SFC, 8/23/03, p.A2)
2003        Aug 22, Texas Gov. Rick Perry pardoned 35 people arrested in the 1999 Tulia drug busts and convicted on the testimony of a lone undercover agent later charged with perjury. The agent, Tom Coleman, was later found guilty of aggravated perjury and sentenced to 10 years probation. He's been appealing his conviction.
     (AP, 8/22/08)
2003        Aug 22, In central Afghanistan government forces fought hundreds of suspected Taliban insurgents, killing four guerrillas and arresting 13. At least four government soldiers died.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Aug 22, In Brazil a $6 million rocket exploded on its launch pad while undergoing final pre-launch tests, killing 21 people. The VLS-1 rocket which was undergoing tests at the Alcantara Launch Center.
    (AP, 8/25/03)
2003        Aug 22, In Canada a wildfire has forced up to 10,000 people from their homes in Kelowna, British Columbia.
    (Reuters, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, In northern China a bus swerving to avoid an oil truck ran off a highway and plunged into a ravine, killing 27 people.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Aug 22, Suspected FARC rebels killed Carlos Benavidez (25), a journalist and wounded another, after the vehicle in which the reporters were traveling failed to stop at a roadblock in southern Colombia.
    (AP, 8/24/03)
2003        Aug 22, France announced a $525 million aid package for farmers whose animals died by the millions and whose crops withered in a heat wave estimated to have killed 10,000 people.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian militant and wounded two others in a shootout Friday at a West Bank hospital.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, In Nigeria 5 days of street battles in Warri left as many as 100 dead.
    (SFC, 8/23/03, p.A16)
2003        Aug 22, Oslo, Norway, was ranked the world's most expensive city by Swiss banking giant UBS. It was followed by New York, Zurich, Switzerland; Copenhagen, Denmark; London; Basel, Switzerland; Chicago; and Geneva.
    (AP, 8/22/03)
2003        Aug 22, Turkish troops clashed with Kurdish rebels in Batman province. 7 Kurds and 2 Turkish soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 8/23/03, p.A3)

2004        Aug 22, In the Olympics Justin Gatlin of the US won the 10-meter dash in 9.85 sec.
    (SFC, 8/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Aug 22, In Bangladesh an angry mob set fire to a passenger train and protesters clashed with police across the country, leaving dozens of people injured, as violence spread a day after a grenade attack on an opposition rally killed 19 people.
    (AP, 8/22/04)
2004        Aug 22, Pres. Putin flew to Chechnya in advance of elections. Overnight attacks killed at least 30 people.
    (SFC, 8/23/04, p.A3)
2004        Aug 22, U.S. warplanes bombed Najaf's Old City and gunfire rattled amid fears a plan to end the standoff with radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr could. A car bomb exploded north of Baghdad, killing two people and injuring four others, including a deputy provincial governor.
    (AP, 8/22/04)
2004        Aug 22, Gilberto Higuera Guerrero, alleged leader of the powerful Arellano Felix drug gang, was arrested before dawn at a house in the border city of Mexicali.
    (AP, 8/23/04)
2004        Aug 22, Attackers killed one Turkish citizen and two Iraqis on a road north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/23/04)
2004        Aug 22, In Oslo, Norway, armed men stormed into the Munch Museum, threatened staff at gunpoint and stole one of Edvard Munch's famous paintings, "The Scream" and "Madonna" before the eyes of stunned museum-goers. Another version of “The Scream" was stolen in 1994. Police recovered both painting in 2006. In 2007 3 men were sentenced to prison for their roles in the heist. The 3 were ordered to pay a total of $262 million in compensation.
    (AP, 8/22/04)(WSJ, 8/24/04, p.A1)(SFC, 9/1/06, p.A2)(SFC, 4/24/07, p.D6)
2004        Aug 22, Sudan said it would reduce paramilitary forces in Darfur by 30 percent to try to ease tensions in the western region.
    (AP, 8/22/04)

2005        Aug 22, During a speech in Salt Lake City, President Bush compared the fight against terrorism to both world wars and other great conflicts of the 20th century.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2005        Aug 22, The California Supreme Court ruled that lesbian and gay partners who plan a family and raise children should be considered legal parents after a breakup.
    (SFC, 8/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 22, Connecticut sued the federal government seeking relief from a requirement that it scrap its own education testing program in favor of one the state said will not help children but will cost millions.
    (SFC, 8/23/05, p.A4)
2005        Aug 22, Religious broadcaster Pat Robertson suggested that American agents assassinate Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez to stop his country from becoming "a launching pad for communist infiltration and Muslim extremism." Robertson later apologized, saying he had spoken out of frustration.
    (AP, 8/23/06)
2005        Aug 22, Harrah’s said it has agreed to buy the Imperial Palace Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas for $370 million.
    (WSJ, 8/23/05, p.D6)
2005        Aug 22, Scientists reported the development of a cancer-fighting compound that can sneak past a protective blood barrier in the brain, enabling it to fight brain cancer.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, A development agency said nearly half of Asia's 1.27 billion children live in poverty, deprived of food, safe drinking water, health or shelter.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, In southeastern Bangladesh unusually high tides partially submerged two offshore islands, forcing nearly 20,000 residents to flee their flooded homes.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, The Greek Orthodox Church in the Holy Land elected a new patriarch to succeed their ousted leader, who fell from grace over a controversial east Jerusalem land deal.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, Hours before a midnight deadline, Shiites and Kurds reached an agreement on a draft constitution and were trying to persuade Sunni Arabs to go along with their compromises.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, Iraq's oil exports were shut down by a power cut due to sabotage attacks 2 days earlier. The shut down darkened parts of central and southern Iraq, including the country's only functioning oil export terminals.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, The last Jewish settlers left Gaza, making way for the Palestinian government.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2005        Aug 22, In Lebanon a bombing wounded five people in Beirut.
    (AP, 8/23/05)
2005        Aug 22, In southern Nepal a land mine planted by suspected communist rebels killed at least four police officers and injured three others.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, In Portugal wildfires fanned by high winds burned out of control, destroying more than 10 houses on the outskirts of Coimbra, Portugal's third-largest city, forcing 50 people to leave their homes amid the country's worst drought in years.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, Romania’s PM Calin Tariceanu reshuffled his center-right government, replacing four ministers including those in charge of finance and European integration after criticism of several cabinet members.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, South Korea's Kia Motors Corp. launched an assembly line producing its Spectra model at a Russian factory.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
2005        Aug 22, The brother of Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga was sworn in as foreign minister to replace Lakshman Kadirgamar, assassinated by suspected rebels.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2006        Aug 22, US sprinter Justin Gatlin agreed to an 8-year ban for doping and will forfeit his 100m world-record tie, set May 12 at the Qatar Super Grand Prix in Doha.
    (WSJ, 8/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 22, Paramount Pictures severed ties to Tom Cruise after 14 years, citing unacceptable conduct.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2006        Aug 22, Berkeley, Ca., christened the new $70 million Berkeley City College, formerly known as Vista College. Vista had begun in 1974 as Peralta College for Non-traditional Study (PCNS). The name was changed to vista in 1978. Classes were spread across more than 200 locations.
    (SFC, 8/23/06, p.B3)
2006        Aug 22, Sony Corp. announced its purchase of Grouper, a small video-sharing site, for $65 million.
    (Econ, 9/2/06, p.58)
2006        Aug 22, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber drove his explosives-laden car into a Canadian military patrol, wounding four soldiers. Insurgents ambushed a police vehicle near the Pakistan border, killing five officers. In Helmand province British troops using "high-explosive ammunition" killed nine insurgents. In Kandahar province NATO warplanes killed at least 11 Taliban fighters just hours after militant attacks left one NATO soldier dead and five others wounded. NATO troops killed one Afghan youth and wounded another after a suicide bombing in Kandahar city that targeted a Canadian convoy, killing one soldier and wounding three. 2 roadside bombs struck a truck and a motorbike in the Kandahar district of Daman, killing three civilians and wounding one.
    (AP, 8/22/06)(AP, 8/23/06)
2006        Aug 22, British government figures said Britain has taken in an estimated 427,000 migrants from eight former communist states since they joined the European Union in 2004, far more than an earlier prediction of 13,000 newcomers a year.
    (AP, 8/23/06)
2006        Aug 22, In China visiting Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said China will expand its cooperation in oil exploration and help his country build a fiber-optic communications network under agreements to be signed in Beijing this week.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, In Kinshasa fighting flared for a third day between supporters of Congo's two presidential candidates, as the UN called for an immediate cease-fire and a European Union military force was sending reinforcements.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, An Egyptian tour bus overturned in the Sinai peninsula killing 11 people, most of them Israeli Arabs, and injuring more than 30.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, Kristjan Lepik of Tallinn, Estonia, settled theft charges with the SEC. He agreed to return over $550,000 in trading profits and pay a $15,000 penalty for illegally trading on corporate information. The SEC said Lepik and co-worker Oliver Peek made at least $7.8 million trading on advanced looks at hundreds of press releases.
    (SFC, 8/23/06, p.C2)
2006        Aug 22, Ethiopia began releasing water from dams taxed by two weeks of heavy rain to prevent them from bursting as the confirmed death toll from devastating floods climbed to 626.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, Ethiopian troops reportedly arrived in the central Somali town of Galkayo. The move may stoke tensions with the Islamic militiamen who control most of southern Somalia. They were seen inside the town in 13 vehicles.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, In India police killed a Pakistani and arrested another in a shootout that authorities said foiled a terrorist attack in Mumbai, India's financial capital.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, In Iraq two people were killed in a bomb explosion in Baghdad and two people were killed during clashes between British forces and gunmen in the southern city of Amarah. A policeman was shot to death in a drive-by shooting in Al-Hay, north of Amarah.
    (AP, 8/22/06)(AP, 8/23/06)
2006        Aug 22, Israeli troops shot and killed three militants from the Islamic Jihad group near the Israel-Gaza border, as soldiers conducted house-to-house searches and made arrests elsewhere in the coast strip.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, The Orizont, a leased Romanian oil rig off the coast of Iran, came under fire from Iranian military vessels and was later occupied by Iranian troops. A 2nd Romanian rig had recently been towed from Iranian waters due to unpaid bills.
    (AP, 8/22/06)(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.A8)
2006        Aug 22, A Russian passenger jet with at least 170 people aboard crashed in Ukraine after sending a distress signal. The Pulkovo airlines Tupolev 154, en route from the Russian Black Sea resort of Anapa to St. Petersburg, crashed near the Ukrainian city of Donetsk.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, In Spain Grigory Perelman (40), a reclusive Russian, won a Fields Medal, the math world's highest honor, for solving a problem that has stumped some of the discipline's greatest minds for a century, but he refused the award.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
2006        Aug 22, Thailand police arrested 175 North Koreans, mostly women and children, who illegally entered the country and were found hiding in an abandoned home in Bangkok.
    (AFP, 8/23/06)

2007        Aug 22, Western US states and Canadian provinces agreed to cut greenhouse emissions 15% by 2020 in the latest regional pact to regulate the gases, an approach opposed by US President George W. Bush.
    (Reuters, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, US Army Major John Cockerham, his wife and sister were indicted in a suspected scheme to accept millions of dollars in bribes for Defense Department contracts in Iraq and Kuwait.
    (Reuters, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, The Texas Rangers became the first team in 110 years to score 30 runs in a game, setting an American League record in a 30-3 rout of the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a doubleheader.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2007        Aug 22, It was reported that some US lawyers in NYC had crossed the $1,000 per hour billing mark.
    (WSJ, 8/22/07, p.B1)
2007        Aug 22, The US FDA approved expanded use of J&J’s antipsychotic Risperdal in adolescents.
    (WSJ, 8/23/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 22, The death toll across the Upper Midwest and from the remnants of Tropical Storm Erin that swept Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri over the past week rose to at least 26. Three people were electrocuted by lightning at a bus stop in Madison, Wis.
    (AP, 8/23/07)
2007        Aug 22, Grace Paley (84), poet and short story writer, died in Thetford Hill, Vt.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2007        Aug 22, Taliban militants wearing Afghan army uniforms attacked a remote NATO base in eastern Afghanistan, killing two Afghan soldiers and wounding 11 alliance soldiers. In southern Afghanistan 2 Canadian soldiers and an interpreter were killed and two journalists injured during an attack.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(Reuters, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, In Bangladesh clashes between police and students demanding an end to emergency rule spilled into the streets of the capital, prompting the government to impose an indefinite curfew in six cities.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.42)
2007        Aug 22, Rhys Jones (11) was killed as he was kicking a ball around with friends outside a pub in Liverpool, north-west England. Police soon arrested five young people, including two girls, in relation to his murder. On Dec 16, 2008, Sean Mercer (18) was found guilty of murdering Jones and was sentenced to a minimum of 22 years in prison.
    (AFP, 8/25/07)(AFP, 4/16/08)(AP, 12/16/08)
2007        Aug 22, A distributor said Chinese-made blankets containing high levels of formaldehyde have been recalled across Australia and New Zealand, amid rising global concern over the safety of products from China.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, Denmark's government said Somali pirates released the crew of a hijacked Danish cargo ship after receiving a ransom payment.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, In Estonia prosecutors said Arnold Meri (88), cousin of Estonia's late president Lennart Meri, committed genocide by helping deport his countrymen to Siberia in 1949.
    (AP, 8/23/07)
2007        Aug 22, State media reported that a volcanic eruption in northeastern Ethiopia killed five people and displaced more than 2,000 others. The volcano in the Afar region started spewing lava on August 12 and the eruption lasted for three days.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, In Ingushetia, Russia, one serviceman was killed and five were wounded when gunmen attacked their armored personnel carrier with grenades and automatic weapons fire.
    (AP, 8/24/07)
2007        Aug 22, PM Nouri al-Maliki said: “No one has the right to place timetables on the Iraq government." In northern Iraq a blast at a police station in Beiji killed 25 policemen and 20 civilians. 57 civilians and 23 officers were wounded. A roadside bomb targeted a police patrol in the center of Tikrit, killing one officer and wounding another, along with two civilians. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle set off a blast near four police vehicles parked near grocery stores in Muqdadiyah, killing six people and wounding 35 others. A twin vehicle bombing at a joint US-Iraqi outpost in north Baghdad killed four Iraqi soldiers and wounded 11 Americans. A Black Hawk helicopter went down in northern Iraq, killing all 14 US soldiers aboard. A US soldier was killed and four were wounded in combat operations west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(AP, 8/23/07)
2007        Aug 22, Israeli aircraft killed one Hamas militant and wounded three others in an airstrike in Gaza City.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, Hurricane Dean closed in on the Mexican mainland, battering oil platforms on the Bay of Campeche. Dean was downgraded to a tropical storm as it drenched central Mexico.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(WSJ, 8/23/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 22, In Myanmar hundreds of pro-democracy activists marched to protest the government's fuel price hikes. The military junta arrested 13 top dissidents and deployed gangs of spade-wielding supporters on the streets of Yangon. The unannounced price hike sparked anti-government protests that led to the "saffron rebellion," which was crushed by the military government leaving at least 15 dead and thousands arrested. 
    (Reuters, 8/22/07)(AP, 1/1/12)
2007        Aug 22, Suspected militants attacked a military checkpoint in northwest Pakistan before dawn, triggering a shootout that left three soldiers dead.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, Russia nominated Josef Tosovsky, a former Czech prime minister and head of that country's central bank, to head the International Monetary Fund, a move that put the Kremlin and the European Union at odds. The Czech Republic repudiated the move and endorsed the EU’s choice.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(WSJ, 8/23/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 22, Wind-whipped fires that have been ravaging parts of Sicily consumed a hotel near the port city of Messina, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, Zimbabwe's main opposition party denounced a two-month voter registration program as a sham, saying its aim was to boost President Robert Mugabe's chances of victory in next year's elections. State media reported that Zimbabwe's government has authorized retailers to raise the prices of basic goods in order to ease widespread shortages which followed the imposition of price cuts.
    (AFP, 8/22/07)(AP, 8/22/07)

2008        Aug 22, The Outside Lands rock festival opened in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park to a capacity crowd of some 60,000. Altogether some 150,000 attended the 3-day event.
    (SFC, 8/23/08, p.A1)(SFC, 8/25/08, p.E1)
2008        Aug 22, Florida state officials said 7 people have been killed over the five days that Tropical Storm Fay has been pounding the state with torrential rain and powerful winds.
    (AP, 8/23/08)
2008        Aug 22, In North Las Vegas, Nevada, an experimental aircraft crashed into a house killing the pilot of the Velocity 173 RG and 2 people in the home.
    (SFC, 8/23/08, p.A4)
2008        Aug 22, US-led troops attacked a compound where Taliban leaders were meeting in western Afghanistan, and reportedly killed 30 militants. An Afghan human rights group said that at least 78 people were killed, including women and children, in the joint Afghan-US coalition military operation in western Herat province. In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a US coalition service member. An investigation later found that more than 90 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed in the coalition air strikes in Herat. Officials later said the US-led attack was based on misleading information by a rival tribesman named Nader Tawakil. On Sep 2 the US-led coalition said that its investigation into the controversial missile strike, thought to have killed 90 civilians, had found that only seven non-combatants died. After video images showing at least 10 dead children and up to 40 other dead villagers surfaced, the US said it would send a one-star general to investigate the strike.
    (AP, 8/22/08)(AFP, 8/24/08)(WSJ, 8/29/08, p.A1)(AFP, 9/2/08)(AP, 9/14/08)
2008        Aug 22, Brazil extradited Colombian drug lord Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia to the United States to face racketeering charges.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, Aon Corp., the world's biggest insurance broker, said it has agreed to buy Britain's Benfield Group Ltd. for almost $1.6 billion in cash.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, Canadian health officials said 3 people in Ontario have died in a food poisoning outbreak that may be linked to listeria bacteria in sandwich meat from one of the country's largest meat processors.
    (Reuters, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, Two Beijing grandmothers remained defiant and in good spirits despite being sentenced to one year of reeducation through labor for applying to protest during the Olympics.
    (AFP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, Hong Kong issued its highest storm warning in five years as Typhoon Nuri brought hurricane-force winds and heavy rain, halting trade on financial markets and shutting down most of the city.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, Supporters of Shiite leader Muqtada al-Sadr said Iraqi troops have raided an al-Sadr stronghold, killing one of his guards and arresting another.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, Japanese scientists said they had derived stem cells from wisdom teeth, opening another way to study deadly diseases without the ethical controversy of using embryos.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, In Indian Kashmir hundreds of thousands of Muslims marched in Srinagar in the largest protest against Indian rule in over a decade. Police estimated the crowd at 275,000.
    (AP, 8/22/08)(SFC, 8/23/08, p.A8)
2008        Aug 22, Mexican police captured a man believed to be Ruben Rios Estrada, a key gunman for the Arellano-Felix cocaine cartel, at the Caliente racetrack casino in Tijuana after a chase through the city streets. Another suspected gang member also was arrested. The bullet-riddled body of Jesus Blanco Cano (40) was found at a ranch near Villa Ahumada in Chihuahua state. He had just been on the job for one day as police chief of Villa Ahumada.
    (AP, 8/23/08)(SFC, 8/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Aug 22, Peru’s congress voted to repeal two laws facilitating the sale of Indian lands that had generated protests by dozens of tribes in the Amazon rain forest. The laws had been passed by presidential decree in May to promote private investment.
    (SFC, 8/23/08, p.A3)(Econ, 8/30/08, p.37)
2008        Aug 22, A Russian armored column moved away from a base in western Georgia and Russian forces also were leaving the key central city of Gori, the day that Russia's president had said a pullback would be complete.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2008        Aug 22, In Somalia fighting between the Islamic militia and a clan militia killed 10 people in the southern port of Kismayo. Witnesses said a radical Islamic militia controlled most of Somalia's third-largest city after three days of fighting in which some 70 people died.
    (AP, 8/22/08)(WSJ, 8/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Aug 22, Sri Lankan troops captured two strategic towns from Tamil Tigers as they closed in on the rebels' political capital. With the fall of Thunukkai and Uyilankulam, the military was just 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) south of Kilinochchi.
    (AFP, 8/22/08)

2009        Aug 22, Vicki Cruse (40) from Santa Paula, Calif., died in an accident during the World Aerobatic Championships at Britain's Silverstone motor racing circuit. She was a former member of the US national aerobatics team and was the first woman to qualify to race in her class at the Reno National Championship Air Races.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, The West Australian town of Broome, with deep historical ties to Japan, voted to sever its sister city relationship with the Japanese village of Taiji to protest an annual dolphin slaughter near there. At an extraordinary meeting on October 13 Broome rescinded the decision, which it said was made in haste and without wide consultation, and issued an apology to the Japanese community in Broome and Taiji, their families and friends for any disrespect caused by council's resolution. But it noted that it did not condone the harvest of dolphins in Taiji, with which it forged sister-city relations in 1981.
    (AP, 8/24/09)(AFP, 10/16/09)
2009        Aug 22, Colombian authorities said police have captured Jose Armando Cadena Cabrera, a guerrilla suspected of killing a US military contractor and a Colombian soldier after their surveillance plane crashed in the jungle in 2003.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, The EU published a list of nearly 4,000 airlines that it says should reduce their impact on the environment from 2012 or face being banned from European airports.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, Cologne prosecutors said they are investigating 100 professors across Germany on suspicion they took bribes to illegally help students with their doctorates. The investigation has been going on for more than a year after it emerged that a law professor at Hannover University had organized degrees for 61 students whose exam results were otherwise insufficient.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, India and Nepal agreed to a new trade treaty as PM Madhav Kumar Nepal ended a five-day official visit to the regional giant that both countries hailed a great success.
    (AFP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Indonesia a group of thieves killed an endangered Sumatran tiger in a zoo in Jambi province on Sumatra island and stole most of its body. Police suspected the theft was motivated by the animal's valuable fur and bones. The number of Sumatran tigers has dwindled to about 250 from about 1,000 in the 1970s, according to the Washington DC-based World Wildlife Fund.
    (AP, 8/23/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Iraq an attack on a police checkpoint in the Azamiyah district of Baghdad left two officers dead.
    (AP, 8/23/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Italy a lucky lotto player in Tuscany won Italy's record euro147.8 million ($211.8 million) state lottery, pocketing what has been billed as Europe's biggest jackpot.
    (AP, 8/23/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Tijuana, Mexico, at least three police officers were in critical condition after gunmen opened fire on their patrol cars.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Nigeria a top militant commander and nearly 1,000 of his followers surrendered to the government, handing over rocket launchers, gunboats, guns and bullets in the biggest move since a government amnesty began two weeks ago. Ebikabowei "Boyloaf" Victor Ben, state commander for the region's biggest armed group, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), and 25 commanders under his leadership delivered weapons to police overnight.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up to evade capture during a raid in Kanju town in the troubled northwestern Swat Valley. Local media said two security officials were killed and two others were wounded.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Somalia Islamic insurgents attacked a government checkpoint in Mogadishu, sparking a gunbattle that killed at least five people on the first day of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/22/09)
2009        Aug 22, In Tanzania a fire ripped through a dormitory in the rural Iringa district, killing 12 schoolgirls and wounding 23 others. Preliminary investigations indicated the fire was caused by a candle after a student fell asleep studying.
    (AP, 8/24/09)
2009        Aug 22, Venezuelan police dispersed opponents of Pres. Chavez's government as thousands demonstrated both for and against an education law that critics fear will lead to political indoctrination in schools.
    (AP, 8/23/09)

2010        Aug 22, Thousands of fish turned up dead at the mouth of Mississippi River, prompting authorities to check whether oil was the cause of mass death. Crabs, sting rays, eel, drum, speckled trout and red fish were among the species that turned up dead.
    (AFP, 8/24/10)
2010        Aug 22, In Louisa, Virginia, Charles Steadman (52) shot and killed his son and nephew and wounded 4 others in an apparent property dispute. Steadman then shot at officers arriving on the scene and was killed.
    (SFC, 8/24/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 22, In Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai defended his decision to disband private security contractors, charging that they loot and steal, have links to criminal groups and might even fund insurgents. 2 US soldiers died in insurgent attacks in the east and 2 others died in separate incidents in the south. The second-in-command of security for the inter-provincial Kandahar-Uruzgan highway was shot dead by unidentified gunmen. At least 9 insurgents, including a commander, were killed in a joint 24-hour operation in Kandahar between NATO and Afghan security forces. 6 men, one woman, and one child were reportedly killed during a coalition raid in the village of Tergaran.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)(AP, 8/23/10)(AP, 8/24/10)
2010        Aug 22, Australian PM Julia Gillard vowed to keep the country stable after a voter backlash produced a rare hung parliament, raising fears of political paralysis and economic pain. Gillard and Tony Abbott, leader of the conservative Liberal Party, said they had initiated talks with three independents in the House of Representatives as well as the Greens party in a bid to secure their votes in the House of Representatives.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 22, A Bangladesh lawyer said high court judges have passed an order directing that wearing religious attire should be the personal choice of the students or the employees. No one can be forced to wear them.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 22, In Chile an intense rescue effort finally reached 33 miners trapped since Aug 5. After weeks of missteps, new cave-ins and other false starts, it could take months to carve a tunnel big enough for them to get out.
    (AP, 8/23/10)
2010        Aug 22, In Dagestan a Russian border guard was found killed and another who disappeared with him remained missing.
    (AP, 8/23/10)
2010        Aug 22, Iran’s Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad inaugurated the country's first domestically built unmanned bomber aircraft, calling it an "ambassador of death" to Iran's enemies.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 22, In Tehran, Iran, the headquarters of Sweden-based Oriflame, a direct-sales cosmetics firm, were "searched and sealed" and "four top managers were arrested on accusations of 250,000 cases of fraud" linked to a 70-million-dollar (55-million-euro) pyramid scheme.
    (AFP, 8/23/10)
2010        Aug 22, In southern Iraq an American solider was killed in a rocket attack, marking the first American fatality since the last combat unit in Iraq pulled out of the country. A bomb struck a popular cafe in the capital's southwest. The explosion killed one person and wounded 15 people. A late night grenade attack on an Iraqi army checkpoint in Amariyah, a Sunni area in western Baghdad, killed one soldier and injured 2 others.
    (AP, 8/22/10)(AP, 8/23/10)
2010        Aug 22, In Mexico the decapitated bodies of four men were hung from a bridge in Cuernavaca, a city besieged by fighting between two drug lords. Police found the body of a US citizen inside a car along the highway between the Pacific resorts of Acapulco and Zihuatanejo. A Mexican soldier said that Joseph Proctor (32) attacked an army convoy with an AR-15 rifle and was killed when troops shot him in self-defense. Proctor had told his girlfriend he was popping out to a convenience store in Acapulco where the couple had just moved. The next morning the New York native was dead inside his crashed van on a road outside the town. Three soldiers were later charged with his killing.
    (AP, 8/22/10)(AP, 8/23/10)(AP, 12/25/10)
2010        Aug 22, Pakistani authorities evacuated tens of thousands from flood-threatened areas in the south, but insisted that the 2.5 million people of Hyderabad were safe from the nation's worst-ever inundation.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 22, In Tajikistan a group of 25 Islamic militants serving time on terrorism charges escaped from a prison in Dushanbe after dramatic assaults that left at least five guards dead. The fugitives included Abdurasul Mirzoyev, the brother of a jailed former head of the presidential guards, who was sentenced to 30 years in prison last month on charges of involvement in a plot to overthrow the government. Among the others who escaped were some of the 46 people sentenced to lengthy prison terms last week for involvement with an illegal armed gang led by Mirzo Ziyoyev, a commander of the United Tajik Opposition, a rebel group in the civil war.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2011        Aug 22, San Francisco police and BART authorities arrested 45 people in connection with protests and demonstrations at Civic Center over the July 3 killing of knife-wielding man and a wireless blackout on August 11. The Civic Center and Powell stations were closed 4 times during the afternoon commute hours.
    (SFC, 8/23/11, p.A1)
2011        Aug 22, The Cherokee nation, the USA’s second-largest Indian tribe, formally booted from membership thousands of descendants of black slaves who were brought to Oklahoma more than 170 years ago by Native American owners.
    (Reuters, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, Motown composer Nick Ashford (69) died in NYC. He and wife Valerie Simpson had written some of Motown’s biggest hits including “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough" and “Reach Out and Touch Somebody’s Hand."
    (SFC, 8/23/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 22, Jerry Lieber (b.1933), songwriting partner of Mike Stoller, died in Los Angeles. His lyrics included such songs as “Hound Dog," “Love Potion No. 9," “Charlie Brown," “Down in Mexico," and “Kansas City."
    (SFC, 8/24/11, p.C4)
2011        Aug 22, Samuel Menashe (85), New York City poet, died.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.87)
2011        Aug 22, In southern Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a scrap metal shop blew up in a market, killing two civilians in Helmand province. An Australian soldier was killed by an improvised explosive device while on patrol in Uruzgan province with members of the Afghan National Army.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Bosses at Australia's BlueScope steel were attacked for pocketing "obscene" bonuses worth Aus$3.0 million (US$3.1 million), after they sacked 1,000 workers and abandoned their export business.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, John Howard Davies (72), a BAFTA award winning comedy director, died in Oxfordshire. He produced TV comedy classics including "Fawlty Towers" and the "Good Life." He won his first BAFTA for best director for the first series of "Monty Python's Flying Circus."
    (AFP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Canada Jack Layton (61), the charismatic leader of the New Democratic Party, died of prostate cancer just months after guiding his party to its strongest ever performance in the May federal election.
    (Reuters, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Liu Qi, China’s party secretary for Beijing, told Internet companies to tighten control over material online as Beijing cracks down on dissent and tries to block the rise of Middle East-style protests. He issued the warning following a visit to Sina Corp., which operates a popular microblogging site.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 22, Cuba succeeded North Korea as chair of the world's main forum against nuclear arms that has been stalemated since it wrote the nuclear test ban treaty in 1996. The leadership role rotates through the body's members alphabetically (in French).
    (AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Hong Kong hearings arguments began in a case where Evangeline Banao Vallejos, a Filipino woman, challenged a legal provision denying permanent residency to the hundreds of thousands of foreign maids in a landmark court case that sees them fighting for equal treatment with the city's other foreign residents.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, In northern India a flatbed trailer carrying pilgrims to a Hindu temple overturned and fell into a roadside pond, killing at least 40 people in Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Libyan rebels claimed to be in control of most of Tripoli after their lightning advance heralded the fall of Moammar Gadhafi's nearly 42-year regime. Scattered battles erupted, and the mercurial leader's whereabouts remained unknown. NATO said it will continue its combat air patrols over Libya until all pro-Gadhafi forces surrender or return to barracks.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Royal Dutch shell said sabotage in Nigeria has led to six oil spills from one Shell pipeline since the start of the month, while damage to another line has caused a temporary production halt.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, North Korea vowed to scrap all South Korean property at a joint mountain resort could end what was once a rare haven for curious southern tourists within North Korea. The South immediately expressed regret about the North's comments on Diamond Mountain and planned to seek international mediation.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Pakistan gunmen killed four people in Karachi, taking the death toll to 18 in two days. At least 85 people have been killed in Karachi in the past week. A suspected US missile strike killed 4 alleged insurgents in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/22/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 22, Atiyah abd al-Rahman, the Al-Qaeda second-in-command, was reportedly killed in the northwest tribal area of Waziristan. A senior US official announced his death on Aug 27. Pakistani security officials expressed doubt over the report.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 22, Palestinian militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip fired rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, despite an unofficial truce meant to defuse days of escalating violence.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Puerto Rico Hurricane Irene, the first hurricane of the Atlantic storm season, cut power to more than a million people, downing trees and flooding streets, before heading out over warm ocean water on a path that could take it to the US mainland by the end of the week.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Russian military officers flew to North Korea for talks about renewing military ties as North Korean leader Kim Jong Il's armored train rolled through the resource-rich far east of Russia on his secretive journey to a summit with President Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, An International Monetary Fund delegation began a two-week visit to cash-strapped Swaziland to see if the country is doing enough to win the fund's blessing to secure foreign loans.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)
2011        Aug 22, Syria's state-run news agency said Assad formed a committee to pave the way for the formation of political groups other than his Baath party, which has held a monopoly in Syria for decades. Thousands of anti-government protesters took to the streets across the country after a televised appearance by President Bashar Assad, shouting for him to step down and chanting "Gadhafi is gone, now it's your turn Bashar!" Syrian security forces killed at least 7 people in Homs soon after a UN humanitarian assessment team left the area because the security situation was deteriorating.
    (AP, 8/22/11)(AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, A UN human rights expert said Arab nations have agreed to demand that Syria allow an international probe within its borders to see whether crimes against humanity have been committed. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized Assad for failing to halt a military crackdown.
    (AP, 8/22/11)(AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Aug 22, In Yemen 6 suspected Al-Qaeda gunmen were killed in the southern province of Abyan in an air raid by government forces.
    (AFP, 8/23/11)

2012        Aug 22, Minnesota Democrat state Rep. Kerry Gauthier (56) dropped his re-election bid following reports of his sexual encounter with a 17-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A6)
2012        Aug 22, In China students at Shanghai’s Sheshan Catholic seminary learned that classes would be suspended indefinitely.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.42)
2012        Aug 22, India's opposition vowed to block parliamentary proceedings until the prime minister resigned over a coal scandal, raising the prospect of more legislative deadlock and stalled reforms.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, In India up to one million public sector bank employees started a two-day nationwide strike, protesting against reforms they fear could lead to mergers and job losses.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, In southeast Kenya at least 52 people were killed in clashes over land between pastoral and farming communities. Another 50 were missing. Last week the Orma, a pastoralist community, attacked Pokomo farmers.   
    (AP, 8/22/12)(AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 22, The 8-month old government of Kyrgyzstan collapsed as a coalition partner defected citing corruption and failure to turn the economy around. Kyrgyzstan ranked 164th out of 183 countries in Transparency International’s corruption perception index.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.41)
2012        Aug 22, Lebanese security sources said at least eight people have been killed in clashes between rival pro- and anti-Damascus gunmen in the city of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)
\2012        Aug 22, In Mexico adherents of a religious sect in western Mexico were physically blocking school teachers from entering their walled community, setting up one of the most high-profile confrontations between religious and civil authorities in Mexico since the 1930s. The New Jerusalem community prohibits formal schooling, television, radio, modern music, dress and fashion. The church does not recognize the sect, which was founded in 1973 by a renegade Catholic priest who objected to the abandonment of Latin masses and other modernization moves.
    (AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, Moroccan police violently broke up a protest demanding more political freedoms and denouncing an annual ceremony honoring the king.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
    2012        Aug 22, Senegal and the African Union finalized a deal on how to try Hissene Habre, a former Chadian dictator, who is accused of ordering thousands of political opponents to be tortured or killed.
    (AP, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 22, In South Sudan 24 soldiers were killed in clashes with a militia group that the southern government accuses of subverting a disarmament campaign. 12 soldiers remained missing in Jonglei State.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 22, Syrian regime forces shelled two Damascus districts before troops backed by tanks swept through to carry out house-to-house raids in search of opposition fighters, killing at least 41 suspected rebels. The United States and France again pushed for the embattled Assad to stand down quickly after a top Syrian official said Damascus was ready to discuss his departure as part of a negotiated settlement to the 17-month conflict. Some 200 were killed across the country.
    (AP, 8/22/12)(AFP, 8/22/12)(AFP, 8/23/12)(Reuters, 8/23/12)
2012        Aug 22, Tajikistan government troops opened fire on a crowd protesting the unexplained killing of an influential local leader in Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous province. Hundreds had gathered in front of Khorog regional headquarters to demand an explanation for the overnight death of Imumnazar Imumnazarov, a former warlord during the country's civil war in the 1990s.
    (AP, 8/22/12)
2012        Aug 22, Togolese security forces clashed with protesters in the capital Lome for a second straight day, with officers firing tear gas on demonstrators who responded by throwing rocks and burning tires.
    (AFP, 8/22/12)

2013        Aug 22, The US Justice Dept. said it will sue Texas over the state’s voter ID law and seek to intervene in a lawsuit over the state’s redistricting laws.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A4)
2013        Aug 22, The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the fraud convictions and 22-year prison sentence of Samuel Cohen of Belvedere, Ca. He had been found guilty in April, 2012, of 29 counts of fraud, money laundering and tax evasion in a $30 million investment scam.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.D4)
2013        Aug 22, In San Francisco the Maxfield Parrish painting “The Pied Piper of Hamelin," commissioned in 1909, returned to the Palace Hotel after owners decided not to auction it off.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.D1)
2013        Aug 22, Sources said that San Diego Mayor Bob Filner (70) will resign as part of a mediation deal reached in his sexual harassment lawsuit. At least 18 women have accused Filner of sexual harassment.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A5)
2013        Aug 22, The Rim Fire in California’s Tuolumne County raged out of control and covered over 98 square miles.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A1)
2013        Aug 22, NYC’s City Council voted to override Mayor Bloomberg’s earlier vetoes of two measures designed to curtail the city’s use of stop-and-frisk. The bills will create an outside watchdog for the police dept.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A4)
2013        Aug 22, In Spokane, Wa., Delbert Belton (88), a WWII veteran, died a day after he was robbed and beaten in his car by two 16-year-old boys. Suspect Demetrius Glenn surrendered. Suspect Kenan Adams-Kinard was arrested on Aug 26.
    (SFC, 8/24/13, p.A12)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 22, Brazil said it will import thousands of Cuban doctors to work in areas where medical services and doctors are scarce. Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota defended the plan as a way to give "the best possible medical services for the Brazilian population."
    (AP, 8/22/13)
2013        Aug 22, Egypt's ousted leader Hosni Mubarak was released from prison and transported to a military hospital in a Cairo suburb where he will be held under house arrest.
    (AP, 8/22/13)
2013        Aug 22, The Honduran Congress approved the creation of a new military-style police force, aimed at countering violence spawned by Mexican drug cartels that use the country to transport cocaine.
    (Reuters, 8/22/13)
2013        Aug 22, In India a young photojournalist was repeatedly raped by five men in a deserted textile mill in Mumbai. One suspect was arrested the next day. On April 4, 2014, three of the men were sentenced to death and a 4th was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 8/24/13)(SFC, 8/24/13, p.A5)(SFC, 4/5/14, p.A2)
2013        Aug 22, In Iraq insurgent attacks across the country killed at least 24 people. One suicide bombing targeted a Shiite wedding party.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 22, Mexican authorities said they have found a mass grave east of Mexico City. Tests were made to see if it holds some of the 12 people who vanished from the Heaven Club on May 26. All 12 bodies were soon identified as members of the group. A 13th body was recovered from the grave, but officials have not indicated whom it might be.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A2)(AFP, 8/24/13)(AFP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 22, Syrian government forces pressed on with a military offensive in eastern Damascus, bombing rebel-held suburbs where the opposition said the regime had killed over 100 people the day before in a chemical weapons attack.
    (AP, 8/22/13)
2013        Aug 22, A Thai court sentenced Saeid Moradi (29), an Iranian man, to life in prison and his compatriot, Mohammad Kharzei (43), to 15 years in jail for their roles in a Feb, 2012, botched bomb plot that was exposed when an accidental explosion blew apart the Bangkok villa where they were staying.
    (AP, 8/22/13)
2013        Aug 22, The UN said Australia’s indefinite detention of 46 recognized refugees amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. Many have been held as security threats for over two years.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 21, Yemen’s government apologized to southern seccessionists over the 1994 civil war begun against them by the previous president, in hopes of bringing them back to talks on the future of the country.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 22, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe (89) was sworn in for another five-year term after disputed elections in which the opposition alleged widespread vote-rigging.
    (AP, 8/22/13)

2014        Aug 22, The Obama administration accused a Chinese fighter jet of conducting a "dangerous intercept" of a US Navy surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft off the coast of China in international airspace.
    (AP, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 22, The US imposed sanctions on Abdul Mohsen Abdallah Ibrahim al Sharekh, a Saudi citizen and allegedly the head of Al-Qaeda operations in Syria, and Hamid Hamad Hamid al-Ali of Kuwait.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, Robert Singleton (77), the co-owner of a shuttered Petaluma, Ca., slaughterhouse, pleaded guilty to charges that he helped sell adulterated meat. Three other defendants with ties to Rancho Feeding Corp. were indicted last week for conspiring to distribute the meat. On Feb 18, 2015, four managers pleaded guilty to the charges.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.C4)(SFC, 2/19/15, p.E2)
2014        Aug 22, Scientists in Hawaii began warning the public on the lava flow at Pahoa on the Big Island. The lava was flowing at 2-20 yards per hour and in late October was 510 yards from Pahoa Village Road, which goes through downtown Pahoa.
    (SFC, 10/29/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 22, Oregon filed a $200m suit against Oracle Corp. and several executives over the company’s role in creating the troubled website for the state’s online health insurance exchange.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.D2)
2014        Aug 22, It was reported that scientists have discovered a living ecosystem of microbes under 2,500 feet of ice in Antarctica’s subglacial Lake Whillans.
    (SFC, 8/21/14, p.D3)
2014        Aug 22, The Central African Republic unveiled a new government representing a fresh attempt to put an end to more than a year of ethnic and religious bloodshed that has killed thousands and forced around a million from their homes.
    (AFP, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 22, Chinese President Xi Jinping told Mongolia that Beijing respected its independence and integrity as he concluded a visit looking to forge closer ties with China's resource-rich but often suspicious neighbor.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, Iraqi Shi'ite militiamen opened fire on minority Sunni Muslims in a village mosque, killing dozens. Over 70 people were killed in the sectarian attack. This attack led two major Sunni parliamentary blocs to pull out of talks on forming a new government.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)(AP, 8/23/14)(SFC, 8/23/14, p.A3)
2014        Aug 22, In Israel Aharon Sofer (23) of Lakewood, New Jersey, disappeared after hiking with a friend in a hilly, forested area on the outskirts of Jerusalem. On Aug 28 Israeli police said they have found Sofer’s body near the area where he disappeared and that no criminal motive was suspected.
    (AP, 8/28/14)(Reuters, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 22, Ivory Coast closed its land borders with Ebola-affected West African neighbors Guinea and Liberia in an attempt to prevent the world's deadliest outbreak of the virus from spreading onto its territory.
    (Reuters, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 22, A boat of migrants sank about a km off the coast east of Tripoli, Libya. 16 people were rescued but more than 250 migrants were believed killed.
    (AP, 8/24/14)(SSFC, 8/24/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 22, Nigeria confirmed two new cases of Ebola. 213 people were under surveillance. A Nigerian a doctor died in Port Harcourt after treating a patient who had contact with Liberian-American Patrick Sawyer. This brought to six the number of people who have died from the haemorrhagic fever in Nigeria. 15 people have been confirmed to have the disease.
    (AP, 8/22/14)(AP, 8/26/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 22, In Pakistan the party of famed cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan, who has led a week of anti-government protests in the capital, resigned from parliament in its latest bid to drive PM Nawaz Sharif from power over alleged election fraud. The government retained the support of a 190-member majority.
    (AP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, Asma Shirazi, Pakistan's first female war correspondent and host of popular TV talk shows, was named 2014 Winner of Peter Mackler Award for Courageous and Ethical Journalism.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, A Pakistani paramilitary Frontier Corps (FC) soldier was killed in an exchange of fire with militants who entered southwestern Baluchistan province from Afghanistan. Paramilitary Frontier Corps killed at least 12 separatists in an exchange of fire in Dasht area, 1,150 km (714 miles) southwest of Quetta.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, Hamas executed 18 Palestinian men it had suspected of collaborating with Israel. A four-year-old Israeli boy was killed by a mortar attack from Gaza.
    (AP, 8/22/14)(Reuters, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 22, Serbia said it would not subsidize exports to Russia, after the European Union urged the Balkan country - a candidate for accession to the bloc - not to exploit the Kremlin's ban on Western food imports.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, Sierra Leone passed a new law imposing possible jail sentences for anyone caught hiding an Ebola patient.
    (SSFC, 8/24/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 22, In Thailand 26 people accused of plotting an attack were indicted by a military court on charges including weapon possession and conspiring to commit terrorism. Most of them were seized in an apartment a day after army chief Prayut Chan-O-Cha overthrew an elected government allied to Thaksin.
    (AFP, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 22, Ukraine declared that Russia had launched a "direct invasion" of its territory after Moscow sent a convoy of aid trucks across the border into eastern Ukraine where pro-Russian rebels are fighting government forces. Ukrainian officials said only 34 or 35 of over 100 trucks had been properly checked.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, The UN reported that the death toll from three years of Syria's civil war has risen to more than 191,000 people.
    (AP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, In Yemen tens of thousands demonstrated in Sanaa in a protest called for by the Shi'ite Houthi movement, which wants the government to resign and reverse a decision on cutting fuel subsidies.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)

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