Today in History - August 30

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30BC     Aug 30, Cleopatra, the 7th and most famous queen of ancient Egypt, committed suicide about this time.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

526        Aug 30, Theodorik the Great (72), King of Ostrogoths, died of dysentery. He was succeeded by his grandson Athalaric (10), who reigned until 534 with his mother Amalasuntha as regent.
    (PC, 1992, p.54)

1146        Aug 30, European leaders outlawed the crossbow with the intention to end war for all time. [see 1139]
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1334        Aug 30, Pedro, the Cruel, King of Castilia & Leon, was born.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1481        Aug 30, Two Latvian monarchs were executed for conspiracy to murder Polish king Kazimierz IV.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1617        Aug 30, Rosa de Lima of Peru became the first American saint to be canonized.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1645        Aug 30, Dutch & Indians signed peace treaty in New Amsterdam (NY).
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1682        Aug 30, William Penn left England to sail to New World. He took along an insurance policy.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1721        Aug 30, The Peace of Nystad ended the Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia, giving Russia considerably more power in the Baltic region.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1727        Aug 30, Giandomenico Tiepolo (d.1804), Venetian painter, was born. His subjects included troupes of traveling players from northern Italy.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.72)(

1748        Aug 30, Jacques-Louis David (d.1825), Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), was born. He painted “Madame Hamelin." He also painted a portrait of Napoleon crossing the St. Bernard Pass on a rearing horse. Jean Ingres began his career as a pupil of David.
    (AAP, 1964)(WUD, 1994, p.369)(WSJ, 5/19/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 5/28/99, p.W12)(MC, 8/30/01)

1751        Aug 30, Georg Friedrich Handel completed his last oratorio "Jephtha."
    (LGC-HCS, p.41)(MC, 8/30/01)

1780        Aug 30, General Benedict Arnold betrayed the US when he promised secretly to surrender the fort at West Point to the British army. Arnold whose name has become synonymous with traitor fled to England after the botched conspiracy. His co-conspirator, British spy Major John Andre, was hanged in an act of spite by Washington ("it's good for the armies").
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1781        Aug 30, The French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse arrived in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution. The fleet defeated British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes.
    (HN, 8/30/00)(MC, 8/30/01)

1797        Aug 30, Mary Wollstonecraft (Godwin) Shelley (d.1851), the creator of "Frankenstein," or the Modern Prometheus, was born in London. Her mother died in childbirth.
    (AHD, p.1193)(AP, 8/30/97)(HN, 8/30/98)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.84)

1805        Aug 30, The Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery resumed their westward journey with 29 horses and 6 guides provided by Shoshoni Chief Cameahwait. They spent the next 4 weeks crossing the Bitterroot Mountains (Idaho).
    (ON, 4/12, p.12)

1813        Aug 30, Creek Indians massacred over 500 whites at Fort Mims Alabama.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1831        Aug 30, Charles Darwin refused to travel with the HMS Beagle. On Dec 27 he was onboard.
    (MC, 8/30/01)(AP, 12/27/97)

1841        Aug 30, Robert Peel (1788-1850) became PM of Britain for a 2nd time. This was the 1st occasion in which Britain’s government was brought down by the votes of the electorate.

1854        Aug 30, John Fremont issued a proclamation freeing the slaves of Missouri rebels.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1860        Aug 30, The first British tramway was inaugurated at Birkenhead by an American, George Francis Train.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1861        Aug 30, Union General John Fremont declared martial law throughout Missouri and made his own emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the state. However, Fremont’s order was countermanded days later by President Lincoln. Fremont was soon relieved of command after refusing Lincoln’s order to rescind his proclamation and adhere to the terms of the August 6 Confiscation Act.
    (HN, 8/30/98)(AP, 8/30/06)(ON, 6/10, p.1)

1862        Aug 30, Union forces were defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Va. Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell fought at the Second Battle of Manassas, which was also a Union defeat (the Union army in this case was commanded by Maj. Gen. John Pope). McDowell was then relieved of his command until he was sent to command the Department of the Pacific in 1864, where he finished the war.
    (AP, 8/30/97)(HNQ, 7/30/01)
1862        Aug 30, In the Battle of Altamont, Tennessee, Confederates beat Union forces.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1867        Aug 30, The first recorded race of two self powered road vehicles over a prescribed route was between Ashton-under-Lyne and Old Trafford, a distance of eight miles. It was won by Isaac Watt Boulton against Daniel Adamson, each in steam cars of their own manufacture.

1871        Aug 30, Ernest Rutherford (d.1937), physicist who discovered and named alpha, beta and gamma radiation and was the first to achieve a man-made nuclear reaction, was born in New Zealand.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1879        Aug 30, John Bell Hood (b.1831), former confederate general, died of yellow fever in a New Orleans epidemic.
    (AH, 10/02, p.46)(

1885        Aug 30, Some 13,000 meteors were seen in 1 hour near Andromeda.
    (MC, 8/30/01)   

1892        Aug 30, The Moravia, a passenger ship arriving from Germany, brought cholera to the United States.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1893        Aug 30, Huey P. Long, Louisiana politician who served as governor and U.S. senator, known as "The Kingfish," was born.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1901        Aug 30, Hubert Cecil Booth patented the vacuum cleaner. [see 1869]
    (MC, 8/30/01)   

1905        Aug 30, Ty Cobb made his major league batting debut, playing for the Detroit Tigers, hitting a double in his first at-bat in a game against the NY Highlanders. The Tigers won, 5-3.
    (AP, 8/30/00)

1907        Aug 30, Shirley Booth (Thelma Booth Ford) was born in New York City. Booth was best known from 1950s television as the zany maid Hazel. She won a Tony, an Oscar, the Cannes Festival award and numerous critics' commendations for her role as the slovenly Lola Delany in 'Come Back, Little Sheba'. Booth went on to act in more films including 'The Matchmaker' which was a precursor to the musical 'Hello Dolly!'
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1908        Aug 30, Actor Fred MacMurray (d.1991) was born in Kankakee, Ill.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(

1914        Aug 30, The 1st German plane bombed Paris and 2 people were killed.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1918        Aug 30, Ted Williams (d.2002), Hall of Fame outfielder for the Boston Red Sox, the last man to hit .400 in a season, was born.
    (HN, 8/30/98)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A1)
1918        Aug 30, Lenin, the new leader of Soviet Russia, was shot & wounded after a speech.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1927        Aug 30, Geoffrey Beene, dress designer (8 Coty Awards), was born in Louisiana.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1928        Aug 30, Jawaharlal Nehru requested the independence of India.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1932        Aug 30, Nazi leader Hermann Goering was elected president of the Reichstag.
    (HN, 8/30/98)

1933        Aug 30, Portuguese dictator Salazar formed secret police (PIDE).
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1935        Aug 30, The US Revenue Act increased taxes on inheritances, gifts and higher income individuals.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)(

1939        Aug 30, Isoroku Yamamoto was appointed supreme commander of the Japanese fleet.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1940        Aug 30, Senpo Chinne Sugihara, the Japanese diplomat in Lithuania, received orders from Japan to stop issuing visas immediately. He disobeyed the order and continued issuing visas until the end of the month when the consulate closed. In all Sugihara issued visas to some 3,500 Jewish refugees.
    (SFC, 9/7/96, p.A13)(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A16)

1941        Aug 30, The World War II siege of Leningrad began as Nazi forces took Mga.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1943        Aug 30, Robert Crumb, US, cartoonist (Father Time, Fritz Cat), was born.
    (MC, 8/30/01)
1943        Aug 30, Jean Claude Killy, France, skier (Olympic-3 golds-1968), was born.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1944        Aug 30, Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, fell to Soviet troops.
    (HN, 8/30/00)

1945        Aug 30, Dmitri Shostakovitch completed his 9th Symphony.
    (MC, 8/30/01)
1945        Aug 30, Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up Allied occupation headquarters.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1956        Aug 30, In Louisiana the 2-lane Lake Pontchartrain causeway opened. A 2nd span was added in 1969.
    (HC, 6/14/05)
1956        Aug 30, A white mob prevented the enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1960        Aug 30, East Germany imposed a partial blockade on West Berlin.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1961        Aug 30, President John F. Kennedy appointed General Lucius D. Clay as his personal representative in Berlin.
    (HN, 8/30/98)
1961        Aug 30, A UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness opened for signatures. It entered into force on Dec 13, 1975. By 2007 only 34 countries had signed it.
    (, 12/1/07, p.75)

1963        Aug 30, The hot-line communications link between Washington, D.C., and Moscow went into operation.
    (AP, 8/30/97)
1963        Aug 30, Guy Burgess (b.1911), British spy for the USSR, died in Moscow.

1967        Aug 30, The U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment of Thurgood Marshall as the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1974        Aug 30, The Telluride Film Festival was started by Bill and Stella Pence, Tom Luddy and Jim Card in the town of Telluride, Colorado.
    (SFC, 9/2/10, p.E1)(
1974        Aug 30, In Yugoslavia an express train, traveling from Belgrade to Germany, ran full speed into a Zagreb, Croatia, rail yard killing 152.
    (, 6/4/98, p.A15)

1979        Aug 30, Hurricane David devastated the tiny Caribbean island of Dominica as it began a rampage through the Caribbean and up the eastern seaboard of the United States that claimed some 1,100 lives.
    (AP, 8/30/97)
1979        Aug 30, The comet SOLWIND 1 first appeared on an image, at which time it was located 5.96 solar radii from the sun. It has been commonly presumed that the comet either hit the sun, or completely vaporized because of its near approach.

1981        Aug 30, Mohammad Javad Bahonar, prime minister of Iran, was assassinated by a bomb.

1982        Aug 30, Palestinian Liberation Organization left Beirut, Lebanon, and moved to Tunis, Tunisia.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1983        Aug 30, Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first black American astronaut to travel in space, blasting off aboard the Challenger.
    (AP, 8/30/97)(HN, 8/30/98)

1984        Aug 30, In Florida NASA launched the US space shuttle Discovery on its 1st mission.

1986        Aug 30, Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff, the Moscow correspondent for U.S. News and World Report, after he was handed a package by a Russian acquaintance. He was later released.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1987        Aug 30, A redesigned space shuttle booster, created in the wake of the Challenger disaster, roared into life in its first full-scale test-firing near Brigham City, Utah.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1988        Aug 30, Top aides to Republican presidential nominee George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis met in Washington without reaching agreement on a schedule for fall debates.
    (AP, 8/30/98)

1989        Aug 30, A federal jury in New York found "hotel queen" Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax evasion but acquitted her of extortion. Helmsley served 18 months behind bars, a month at a halfway house and two months under house arrest.
    (AP, 8/30/99)
1989        Aug 30, The Cambodian peace talks in Paris collapsed.
    (Hem, 4/96, p.15)(

1990        Aug 30, President Bush told a news conference that a “new world order" could emerge from the Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/30/00)
1990        Aug 30, Edmund G. Love (b.1912), Michigan-based writer, died in Flint. His book ''Subways Are for Sleeping'' (1957) was the basis for the Broadway musical (1961).
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.34)(
1990        Aug 30, In Colombia a series of abductions began with the kidnapping of Diana Turbay, a Bogota TV news director and daughter of former president Julio Cesar Turbay. The abductions were by the Medellin drug cartel under Pablo Escobar. In 1997 Gabriel Garcia Marquez published his documentation of the events in “News of a Kidnapping."
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.1,6)
1990        Aug 30, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar arrived in Jordan to try to mediate the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/30/00)
1990        Aug 30, Tatarstan proclaimed sovereignty. This was not recognized by Russia. The declaration on the Republic of Tatarstan state sovereignty was adopted immediately after the declaration on the sovereignty of the Russian Federation, which provided the peoples' right "to self-determination in the national-state and national-cultural forms they have chosen."

1991        Aug 30, At the World Track and Field Championships in Tokyo, Mike Powell jumped 29 feet, 4 and 1/2 inches for a new world record.
    (WSJ, 7/26/96, p.A6)
1991        Aug 30, Azerbaijan declared its independence, joining the stampede of republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 8/29/01)

1992        Aug 30, The television series "Northern Exposure" won six Emmy Awards, including best drama series, while "Murphy Brown" received three Emmys, including best comedy series, in a ceremony marked by satirical jabs directed at Vice President Dan Quayle.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1993        Aug 30, "The Late Show with David Letterman" premiered on CBS-TV.
    (AP, 8/30/98)
1993        Aug 30, Richard Jordan, US actor (Hunt for Red October, Posse), died at 55, shortly after finishing movie, Gettysburg (Gen Armistead).
1993        Aug 30, Robert Malval was installed as prime minister of Haiti during a ceremony at the Haitian Embassy in Washington.
    (AP, 8/30/98)
1993        Aug 30, The 150 millionth person visited the Eiffel Tower.
1993        Aug 30, Israel's Cabinet approved a framework for Palestinian autonomy in the occupied territories.
    (AP, 8/30/98)

1994        Aug 30, Rosa Parks, who helped touch off the civil rights movement in 1955 by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala., was robbed and beaten in her Detroit apartment. Joseph Skipper later pleaded guilty to assault and robbery and was sentenced to prison.
    (AP, 8/30/99)
1994        Aug 30, Randolph Dial, a sculptor and painter convicted of a 1981 murder, escaped from the Oklahoma State Reformatory. On the same day Bobbi Parker disappeared from staff housing at the reformatory, where her husband worked. On Apr 4, 2005, she was found living with Randolph Dial on a chicken farm in Texas. In 2011 Bobbi Parker was sentenced to a year in jail for helping Dial escape.
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.A2)(, 11/8/11, p.A6)

1995        Aug 30, Cable News Network joined the internet ("This is CNN").
1995        Aug 30, Bosnian Serbs gave Serbian Pres. Slobodan Milosevic authority to negotiate for them. The West pounded the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of bludgeoning them into serious peace talks.
    (SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 8/30/00)
1995        Aug 30, At a lavish opening ceremony in Beijing, organizers of a major women’s conference vowed to fight for empowerment and equality.
    (AP, 8/30/00)(

1996        Aug 30, President Clinton and Vice President Gore, fresh from their renominations at the just-concluded Democratic National Convention in Chicago, set out with their wives on a bus caravan through America's heartland.
    (AP, 8/30/97)
1996        Aug 30, The US State Dept. sent a diplomatic note to China protesting the sale of equipment for use in nuclear facilities in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)
1996        Aug 30, Dick Morris, the campaign strategist for pres. Bill Clinton, resigned due to exposure in a sex scandal.
    (SFC, 8/30/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 30, The California Legislature sent a bill to Gov. Wilson that would mandate chemical castration of child molesters.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A4)
1996        Aug 30, A commercial expedition to raise part of the sunken British luxury liner Titanic ended in failure as nylon lines being used to lift a 21-ton section of the hull snapped, sending the section back to the bottom of the North Atlantic.
    (AP, 8/30/97)
1996        Aug 30, In Columbia the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARQ) guerrillas attacked the army at the Las Delicias military base in Putumayo province. They captured 60 soldiers and killed 30 others. The 12,000 FARQ have gained income by collecting commissions on coca leaf harvests.
    (SFC, 6/16/97, p.A9)
1996        Aug 30, In Libya, Louis Farrakhan said that he could not accept a $250,000 human rights award until US courts give him permission.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A4)
1996        Aug 30, In Sri Lanka rebels ambushed a police patrol 115 miles east of Colombo.
    (WSJ, 8/30/96, p.A1)

1997        Aug 30, Philip Noel Johnson, an armored car driver believed to have stolen $22 million, was arrested at the Texas border. Johnson later pleaded guilty to charges of kidnapping, money laundering and interfering with interstate commerce. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Johnson (33) a former armored car driver for Loomis, Fargo & Co., was accused of raiding the vault of the company's Jacksonville, Fla., office on March 29. The heist was one of the biggest in U.S. history.
    (AP, 8/30/02)
1997        Aug 30, Americans and others in the Western Hemisphere learned of the deaths of Princess Diana, her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed, and their driver, Henri Paul, in a car crash in Paris. Bodyguard Trevor Rees-Jones survived. Because of the time difference, it was the morning of Aug. 31 in Paris when Diana was pronounced dead. [see Aug 31]
    (AP, 8/30/98)

1998        Aug 30, In Denver the largest union of US West, the regional telephone service, ended a 15-day strike with a tentative agreement on a three-year contract.
    (SFC, 8/31/98, p.A4)(AP, 8/30/99)

1999        Aug 30, In East Timor UN-sponsored elections were held on autonomy vs. independence. 98.6% of the 451,000 registered voters cast their ballots. Roughly 78% of the electorate voted to sever links to Indonesia and establish an independent state. Pro-Indonesia militiamen reacted by going on a violent rampage that ended when international forces were sent in. U.N. peacekeeping forces arrived in the following weeks.
    (SFC, 8/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/31/99, p.A12)(AP, 8/30/00)(HN, 11/9/00)
1999        Aug 30 In Israel the bodies of an Israeli couple were found on the West Bank border near the Megiddo forest. Palestinian extremists were suspected as responsible.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A12)
1999        Aug 30, In Jordan police in Amman stormed offices linked to the radical Palestinian Hamas movement.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A13)
1999        Aug 30, Russia reported four soldiers killed and 5 wounded from fighting in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A1)
1999        Aug 30, In Sudan southern SPLA rebels rejected an Egyptian-Libyan peace plan. The rebels held that conditions put forward in negotiations were not included in the plan.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A13)
1999        Aug 30, In Venezuela the constitutional assembly stripped the opposition-controlled Congress of its last remaining powers.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A13)

2000        Aug 30, Pres. Clinton stopped in Colombia and pledged that US aid would not lead to military escalation in the drug war. The recent $1.5 billion military aid package was part of a broader $7.5 billion Colombian plan to fight drugs, help refugees and strengthen government institutions.
    (SFC, 8/31/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 30, In China’s Fujian province police arrested a Catholic priest, 20 nuns, 2 laymen and a seminarian in Luoyuan county. Rev. Liu Shaozhang (38) was reported to have been severely beaten and that parishioners bought the release of 2 nuns.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.C16)
2000        Aug 30, It was reported that many professional and entrepreneurs were leaving Colombia and Venezuela due to civil war and economic policies.
    (WSJ, 8/30/00, p.A1)

2001        Aug 30, US warplanes bombed an Iraqi radar site near Basra’s airport.
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 30, It was reported that some 40,000 tax forms were destroyed or concealed at a Pittsburgh processing center run by Mellon Bank.
    (WSJ, 8/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 30, Nikolay Soltys was captured hiding under a desk in his mother's back yard in Citrus Heights, Calif., after a ten-day nationwide manhunt for the Ukrainian immigrant accused of butchering six relatives. Soltys committed suicide in his jail cell in February. [see Aug 20]
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)(AP, 8/30/02)
2001        Aug 30, In Iowa Leticia Aguilar (31) was found dead with her 5 children at her home in Sioux City. A 7th victim, Ronal Fish (58) was also found. Adam Matthew Moss (24) was arrested the next day and charged in the murders. Moss pleaded guilty on Sep 25 and was sentenced to 7 consecutive life terms.
    (SFC, 9/1/01, p.A4)(SFC, 9/26/01, p.C12)
2001        Aug 30, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, Fernando Dutra Pinto (22) held Silvio Santos, TV tycoon, hostage for 8 hours and then surrendered to police.
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A5)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.D2)
2001        Aug 30, In Iran riots left 2 people dead in Sabzevar after the town failed to win provincial-capital status.
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 30, In East Timor elections were held for an 88-member assembly to write a constitution. Voter turnout was estimated at 93% and the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor was expected to win. Fretilin secured 55 0f 88 seats.
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A5)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.A18)(SFC, 9/6/01, p.E4)
2001        Aug 30, Israeli forces began pulling out of Beit Jala. 3 Palestinians were killed in gun battles with Israeli troops. One Israeli was killed in a Palestinian village in a restaurant that he helped a friend establish.
    (SFC, 8/30/01, p.A1)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.A14)
2001        Aug 30, In Japan the Nikkei fell to a 17-year low, 10,938, as the government reported declines in industrial output and consumer spending.
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A5)
2001        Aug 30, In Macedonia NATO troops suspended arms collections to await a parliamentary vote on proceeding forward with the peace accord.
    (SFC, 9/1/01, p.A7)
2001        Aug 30, In Mexico on the Int’l. Day of the Disappeared relatives of some of the 500 people who disappeared from 1970 to 2000 filed a criminal complaint against the last 5 presidents.
    (SFC, 8/31/01, p.D6)
2001        Aug 30, In South Africa Govan Mbeki, the father of Pres. Thabo Mbeki, died at age 91. He authored the book “South Africa: The Peasant’s Revolt" while imprisoned on Robben Island.
    (SFC, 8/31/01, p.A24)

2002        Aug 30, Major League Baseball players reached agreement with team owners on a four-year labor deal, narrowly averting a strike that threatened to drive away the sport's already embittered fans. It was the first time since 1970 that players and owners had agreed to a new collective bargaining agreement without a work stoppage.
    (Reuters, 8/30/02)(AP, 8/30/03)
2002        Aug 30, In Washington, DC, some 35,000 gathered for the 39th annual meeting of the Islamic Society of North America.
    (SFC, 8/31/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 30, J. Lee Thompson (88), movie director ("The Guns of Navarone"), died in Sooke, British Columbia, Canada.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2002        Aug 30, For the 6th time in a week, coalition aircraft bombed an Iraqi defense facility in one of the no-fly zones patrolled by U.S. and British pilots.
    (AP, 8/30/02)
2002        Aug 30, A twin-engine plane with 31 people crashed while trying to land in heavy rains near Rio Branco, a northwestern Brazilian city, killing 23 people.
    (AP, 8/31/02)
2002        Aug 30, In Burundi the army reportedly killed 48 Hutu rebels in clashes outside Bujumbura.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A11)
2002        Aug 30, Floodwaters along the lower stretches of the Mekong have wreaked havoc in Laos, Cambodia (18), Thailand (12) and Vietnam (25), claiming at least 55 lives and leaving thousands homeless across the region.
    (AP, 8/30/02)
2002        Aug 30, In the Netherlands 8 men were detained for providing financial and logistical services to al Qaeda and for recruiting fighters.
    (SFC, 9/3/02, p.A6)
2002        Aug 30, It was reported that North Korea has made changes in its economic system that included a phase out of its public distribution system, price increases and salary increases.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A14)
2002        Aug 30, The WTO ruled that the EU can impose $4 billion in penalties on the US because of an American tax break that promotes exports. The EU planned to give the US time to change the law.
    (SFC, 8/31/02, p.A7)

2003        Aug 30, Harley-Davidson celebrated its 100th anniversary in Milwaukee with a parade of 10,000 motorcycles. Some 250,000 bikers packed the roads around Milwaukee for a 3-day celebration.
    (AP, 9/1/03)
2003        Aug 30, A flashflood swept cars off the Kansas Turnpike in Emporia and at least 4 children were killed with 2 missing.
    (WSJ, 9/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 30, In Gerlach, Nevada, a woman riding an "art car" at the counterculture Burning Man festival died when she accidentally fell under the vehicle's wheels. The weeklong festival, theme name "Beyond Belief," peaked Saturday night with the torching of a 70-foot-high wooden effigy of a man.
    (AP, 8/31/03)(SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 30, Robert Abplanalp (81), inventor and confidant of President Nixon, died in Bronxville, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2003        Aug 30, Charles Bronson (b.1921), coal miner turned tough-guy actor and star of more than 60 films including the "Death Wish" series, died of pneumonia.
    (AP, 9/1/03)(SFC, 9/1/03, p.A2)
2003        Aug 23, Marion Hargrove (83), American writer, died in Long Beach, Calif. She was noted for the bestselling World War II comedy novel “See Here, Private Hargrove," which was made into a 1944 movie with Robert Walker as Hargrove and Donna Reed as his love interest.
    (AP, 8/30/04)(
2003        Aug 30, In Botswana a former bank manager, draped in a ceremonial leopard skin, was installed as the first female paramount chief. Mosadi Seboko took over as the highest-ranking chief of the Balete people.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, An Israeli helicopter gunship fired several missiles at a Palestinian car driving through a refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, killing two Hamas militants.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, In India 2 suspected Islamic militants were killed in a battle with New Delhi police. Indian police claimed to have killed Ghazi Baba, the head of the Jaish-e-Mohammed militant group, during a fierce gun battle in Srinagar. Baba was said to be the mastermind behind several terror attacks including the December 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, In northern India a bus carrying 40 passengers plunged into a river in a remote hilly area. There was no immediate word on casualties.
    (AP, 8/30/03)
2003        Aug 30, A Russian nuclear-powered submarine, K-159, sank in the Barents Sea as it was being towed to a scrapyard, killing 9 of the 10 sailors on board.
    (AP, 8/31/03)
2003        Aug 30, The World Trade Organization agreed to let impoverished nations import cheaper copies of patented medicines needed to fight killer diseases.
    (AP, 8/30/04)

2004        Aug 30, Republicans opened their convention in NYC with speeches by Rudolph Giuliani and Sen. John McCain. They belittled Democratic Senator John Kerry as a shift-in-the-wind campaigner unworthy of the White House and lavished praise on Pres. Bush as a steady, decisive leader. Pres. Bush ignited a Democratic inferno of criticism by suggesting on NBC's "Today" show that an all-out victory against terrorism might not be possible.
    (SFC, 8/31/04, p.A1)(AP, 8/30/05)
2004        Aug 30, US warplanes bombed Weradesh village in eastern Afghanistan, killing 8 people and destroying the camp of a Danish relief group after assailants rocketed a nearby government office.
    (AP, 8/31/04)
2004        Aug 30, A general strike to protest a recent grenade attack that killed 20 people at an opposition political rally brought Bangladesh to a near standstill.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2004        Aug 30, India's top commercial bank, State Bank of India (SBI), hiked its fixed rates for home loans in what analysts saw as an indication other interest rates in Asia's fourth-largest economy are headed higher. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said insufficient rainfall and uncertainty about the price of crude oil, the country's biggest import item, posed downside risks to growth in Asia's fourth-largest economy.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2004        Aug 30, Rebel Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for his followers across Iraq to end fighting against U.S. and Iraqi forces and is considering joining the political process.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2004        Aug 30, Israeli officials said PM Ariel Sharon wants all 21 Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip evacuated at the same time, instead of in three stages.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2004        Aug 30, Japan's Supreme Court ruled that troubled bank UFJ Holdings Inc. can pull out of a deal to sell its trust business to a smaller rival, clearing the way for a full takeover of UFJ by larger Mitsubishi Tokyo Financial Group (MTFG).
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2004        Aug 30, Typhoon Chaba plowed into southern Japan, killing at least five people and injuring 73.
    (AP, 8/30/04)
2004        Aug 30, Mexico’s state oil company said it believes that vast untapped oil reserves lie in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico.
    (WSJ, 8/31/04, p.A10)

2005        Aug 30, A US Congressional study said the US is the largest supplier of weapons to developing nations, delivering more than $9.6 billion in arms to Near East and Asian countries last year.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, A US federal court ordered Palestinian Authority assets in the US frozen in order to pay a $116 million judgement for the 1996 killing of an American in Israel.
    (WSJ, 8/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Aug 30, The death toll in Mississippi from Hurricane Katrina passed 100. Flooding reached 11 feet in Mobile, Ala. Breaches in at least 2 levees from Lake Pontchartrain put parts of New Orleans under 20 feet of water. Mayor Ray Nagin estimated that 80% of New Orleans was flooded. Tourists snapped pictures of looters in the French Quarter.
    (AP, 8/30/05)(SFC, 8/31/05, p.A10)
2005        Aug 30, Afghan and U.S. ground troops, backed by attack helicopters, raided a Taliban camp in the mountains of southern Afghanistan, killing nine suspected militants.
    (AP, 8/31/05)
2005        Aug 30, In Australia protesters demanding an end to the Iraq war and a cut in Third World debt broke through a steel fence around the Sydney Opera House at the start of the Forbes Global CEO Conference.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, Australia and New Zealand lobbied the United Nations Security Council to indict Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his government in the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, Britain announced plans, the first by any Western country, to ban the downloading and possession of violent sexual images.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, In China tobacco smugglers from Shangdeng were intercepted by authorities from nearby Yantang and 2 smugglers ended up killed. Shangdeng residents sacked the Yantang City Hall in response.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A25)
2005        Aug 30, It was reported that China's top lender, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, is selling a 10 percent stake to investment bank Goldman Sachs, American Express and the German insurer Allianz. ICBC is also shedding $17.3 billion in bad loans to prepare for an overseas listing.
    (AP, 8/31/05)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.67)
2005        Aug 30, In Germany Berlin's mayor Klaus Wowereit defended his decision to welcome a leather and fetish enthusiasts to the German capital and accused his conservative critics of being "small-minded."
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, India and Pakistan agreed to release hundreds of fishermen and other civilians in each other's jails, a goodwill measure that comes as part of a peace process between the two countries.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, US warplanes launched strikes in western Iraq which killed an al Qaeda militant named Abu Islam among other fighters. A hospital source said at least 47 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, Lebanon's PM Fuad Saniora said the commander of the Presidential Guards, three former security chiefs and a former lawmaker are suspects in the Feb 14 assassination of former PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, The UN said it was alarmed by the rising number of disappearances in Nepal's civil war and blamed both government troops and Maoist rebels. The state National Human Rights Commission said since 1996 almost 1,000 people had disappeared in the conflict. The 2005 UN report said no less than 136 people had disappeared in 2004.
    (AP, 8/30/05)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.45)
2005        Aug 30, Nicaragua's highest court granted former President Arnoldo Aleman conditional release from house arrest, overturning the ruling of a previous court.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, In the Philippines impeachment proceedings against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo fell into chaos, as opposition lawmakers walked out of a committee hearing and claimed her backers were unjustly trying to quash the case.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, South Africa's foreign ministry called a halt to its role as peace mediator in strife-torn Ivory Coast, saying it was in "no mood" to consider new demands from rebels threatening to boycott October elections.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, South Korea rolled out its first supersonic trainer jet as President Roh Moo-Hyun vowed to boost the country's aerospace and defense industries.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, UN officials said the 9 UN agencies involved in the oil-for-food program have agreed to pay Iraq about $40 million in oil proceeds they received in 2003 to finish their work but never spent.
    (AP, 8/30/05)
2005        Aug 30, Zimbabwe lawmakers endorsed a constitutional overhaul that sharply restricts property rights and allows Zimbabwe's government to deny passports to its critics.
    (AP, 8/30/05)

2006        Aug 30, In California Gov. Schwarzenegger and Democrats struck a deal to require state industries to lower greenhouse gas emissions.
    (SFC, 8/31/06, p.A1)
2006        Aug 30, Glenn Ford (90), American actor, died at his home in Beverly Hills, Ca. He played strong, thoughtful protagonists in films such as "The Blackboard Jungle," "Gilda" and "The Big Heat."
    (AP, 8/31/06)
2006        Aug 30, Brazil’s central bank cut its key interest rate 0.5% to 14.25%, a quarter point more than had been expected. Brazil also released weaker-than-expected data on GDP.
    (WSJ, 9/1/06, p.A8)
2006        Aug 30, Canadian miner Uranium One said it had approved Australia's fourth uranium mine, the Honeymoon project in the South Australian outback.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Conservationists said the remains of 100 African elephants killed for their tusks have been found in Chad not far from Sudan's troubled Darfur region.
    (AP, 8/31/06)
2006        Aug 30, Nearly 60 inmates escaped from an East Timor jail, including scores of people arrested in recent violence that wracked the tiny nation and militiamen who opposed the country's break from Indonesian rule.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Naguib Mahfouz (b.1911), Arab writer, died in Cairo. He became the first Arab writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature (1988) for his novels depicting modern Egyptian life. Across the span of 35 novels, hundreds of short stories and essays, over 20 movie scripts and five plays, Mahfouz depicted with startling realism the Egyptian "Everyman" balancing between tradition and the modern world.
    (AP, 8/30/06)(Econ, 9/2/06, p.78)
2006        Aug 30, Iran released Ramin Jahanbegloo, a Canadian-Iranian writer, who was accused of working with the US to overthrow the government.
    (Reuters, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, A roadside bomb exploded in Baghdad's oldest and largest wholesale market district, killing at least 24 people and wounding 35. An explosives-rigged bicycle detonated near an army recruiting center in Hillah killed at least 12 people and wounded 28. Bloodshed left at least 52 dead. 2 American soldiers and a Marine were killed.
    (AP, 8/30/06)(AP, 9/1/06)
2006        Aug 30, Israeli troops launched airstrikes on the outskirts of Gaza City and exchanged gunfire with Palestinian militants, killing six people.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Lebanese PM Fuad Saniora said that he refused to have any direct contact with Israel and that Lebanon would be the last Arab country to ever sign a peace deal with the Jewish state. Jan Egeland, the UN humanitarian chief, accused Israel of "shocking" and "completely immoral" behavior for dropping large numbers of cluster bombs on Lebanon when a cease-fire in its war with Hezbollah was in sight.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Hurricane John lashed tourist resorts with heavy winds and rain as the dangerous Category 4 storm marched up Mexico's Pacific coast.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2006        Aug 30, Nigerian officials and the UN refugee agency appealed to some 6,000 recalcitrant Liberian refugees to go back home, warning that time and hospitality were fast running out for them.
    (AFP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, In southwestern Pakistan protesters angry over the killing of a rebel tribal chief blocked highways in Quetta, preventing workers from reaching the provincial capital and forcing most shops to close. In northwestern Pakistan militants decapitated an Islamic cleric and an Afghan refugee accused of spying for US and Afghan authorities.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Russia released two Japanese fishermen held since their boat was seized for allegedly fishing in Russian waters in a confrontation in which a crewman was killed.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, In Sudan riot police fired teargas and beat a journalist in central Khartoum on as opposition party supporters gathered to demonstrate against a recent rise in petrol and sugar prices.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said in Damascus that he and Syrian President Bashar Assad shared a "decisive and firm" stance against American "imperialism" and "domination."
    (AP, 8/30/06)

2007        Aug 30, In a serious breach of nuclear security, a US B-52 bomber armed with six nuclear warheads flew cross-country unnoticed; the Air Force later punished 70 people.
    (AP, 8/30/08)
2007        Aug 30, A draft report by US congressional auditors said that the Iraqi government has failed to meet the vast majority of political and military goals laid out by lawmakers to assess President Bush's Iraq war strategy.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, In Michigan the Legislature approved moving the state’s presidential nomination to Jan 15, just days after national Democrats vowed to punish states that vote too early. A suspected serial killer was arrested in the deaths of 5 women over the last month.
    (SFC, 8/31/07, p.A6,16)
2007        Aug 30, Taliban militants released the last 7 South Korean hostages. Mullah Brother, a wanted Taliban insurgent leader in Afghanistan, was killed in a US-led raid in the southern province of Helmand.
    (AFP, 8/30/07)(Reuters, 8/30/07)(AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, A major new study said nearly 10 percent of Australians are living in poverty despite a booming economy, but its findings were disputed by PM John Howard.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, A speeding train carrying hundreds of commuters slammed into an empty train near Rio de Janeiro, killing eight people and injuring more than 80.
    (AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, In London a diamond-encrusted skull by British artist Damien Hirst (41) sold for 100 million dollars (75 million euros), a record price for work sold by a living artist.
    (AFP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, Michael Jackson (65), a leading world beer critic, died in London. He praised the brews of Belgium and his books "The Great Beers of Belgium" and "World Guide to Beer" introduced them to many export markets, including the United States.
    (AP, 8/31/07)(
2007        Aug 30, Canadian police arrested Adel Arnaout (37), with three home-made bombs in the trunk of his car. The arrest was connected to an investigation into letter bombs delivered recently to three homes in and around Toronto.
    (Reuters, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, Chilean police arrested at least 750 people as protesters’ calls for higher wages and better working conditions led to looting in Santiago.
    (WSJ, 8/31/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 30, China’s government said it has replaced five Cabinet ministers, including the finance minister and the head of the secret police, just weeks ahead of a major Communist Party meeting that will set the country's policies for the next five years. The official Xinhua News Agency said China removed four officials accused of corruption from its legislature. State media said China's top legislature has adopted a measure allowing the government to seize private homes on state-owned land, as long as owners are compensated and properly resettled.
    (AP, 8/30/07)(AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, Hundreds of Colombian peasants returned home from Ecuador after the government promised to protect them from leftist rebels trying to sabotage a coca eradication campaign.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, In Croatia six men were killed and seven badly injured when they were trapped battling a fierce forest blaze on Kornat Island. 8 men were soon detained on suspicion of arson. PM Ivo Sanader promised an investigation saying it was the biggest tragedy in Croatian firefighting.
    (AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, Addis Ababa city officials said Ethiopia will try to remove tens of thousands of beggars from the streets to create a more "conducive" atmosphere for coming Millennium celebrations. Still using the Julian calendar, abandoned by the West in the 16th century, Ethiopia enters its new millennium on September 12 with a huge concert expected to draw hundreds of thousands of partygoers and international celebrities.
    (Reuters, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, Pres. Sarkozy became the first ruling head of state to address the Medef, France’s leading business organization. He laid out the second stage of his economic reforms, including a wholesale review of tax and social security contributions.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.59)
2007        Aug 30, Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr threatened to rescind the order unless the Iraqi government stops detaining his followers in Karbala and elsewhere within the next 48 hours. In the southeastern city of Nasiriyah about 20 gunmen attacked a Badr headquarters. The attack caused no injuries, but the building was partially burned.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, A cargo ship, anchored about 2 miles from Israel's coast near the port city of Haifa, when it was hit by the Salamis Glory, a Cypriot passenger ship. 11 crew escaped from the sinking cargo ship. The first mate and engineer, both residents of Slovakia, were missing.
    (AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, Hundreds of police raided a small town in southern Italy and arrested more than 30 suspected members of organized crime clans believed to be involved in a feud that killed six Italians in Germany earlier this month.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, The Rome-based Hands Off Cain, an anti-death penalty group, reported that more people were put to death in 2006, 5,628, than in either of the previous two years. China alone accounting for 5,000 executions.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, In Kisii, Kenya, an oil tanker truck rolled down a hill and smashed into four minibuses, killing 29 people and injuring more than 30. The death toll was expected to rise.
    (AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, Kosovo's PM Agim Ceku vowed to declare independence unilaterally if internationally brokered talks do not "open a way for us," staking out a tough position as the latest round of negotiations began in Vienna.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, A transport vehicle hit a land mine in tense northern Mali, killing 10 people.
    (AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 30, Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf rejected pressure from former premier Benazir Bhutto to make a snap decision on a power-sharing deal that would see him quit as army chief. Pro-Taliban fighters, led by Pakistani Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud, captured over 200 Pakistani troops in South Waziristan. On Nov 4 they released 211 troops. Baitullah Mehsud had this year cobbled together the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which became known as the Pakistani Taliban.
    (AP, 8/30/07)(AP, 11/4/07)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.34)
2007        Aug 30, Dozens of Sri Lankan journalists took to the streets to condemn censorship and support a columnist who exposed alleged corruption in the purchase of second-hand supersonic jets.
    (AFP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, Darfur rebels accused the Sudanese government of bombing South Darfur, the latest attack in an aerial campaign that has driven thousands of people from their homes over the past month.
    (Reuters, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, The UN nuclear agency said that Iran was producing less nuclear fuel than expected and praised Tehran for "a significant step forward" in explaining past atomic actions that have raised suspicions.
    (AP, 8/30/07)

2008        Aug 30, In Black Rock City, Nevada, the 40-foot Burning Man was set aflame. This year’s festival, themed the American Dream, was marked by a 10-story steel frame tower built by union workers of recycled materials. The annual guidebook reached 77 pages.
    (SSFC, 8/31/08, p.B2)
2008        Aug 30, Raymond L. Danner, American restaurateur, died at his home in Nashville, Tenn. In 1959 he had acquired his first Shoney’s franchise from founder Alex Schoenbaum. By his retirement in 1987 he had built Shoney’s Inc. into 1,600 restaurant outlet.
    (WSJ, 9/13/08, p.A9)
2008        Aug 30, Brazilian officials said Amazon deforestation jumped 69 percent in the past 12 months, the first such increase in three years, as rising demand for soy and cattle pushes farmers and ranchers to raze trees.
    (AP, 8/31/08)
2008        Aug 30, Gustav swelled to a fearsome Category 3 hurricane with winds of 120 mph (195 kph) as it shrieked toward the heartland of Cuba's cigar industry on a track to hit the US Gulf Coast, three years after Hurricane Katrina. 78 people were already left dead in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, China’s tallest building, the 101-story, 1,614-foot Shanghai World Financial Center, opened 14 years after Minoru Mori, its Japanese developer, began the $1.13 billion project. The family owned Mori Building Co. owned 70% of the project.
    (SFC, 8/29/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/2/08, p.B2)
2008        Aug 30, A 6.1 earthquake hit southwest China's Sichuan province, killing least 36 people and turning tens of thousands of homes into rubble and cracked reservoirs.
    (Reuters, 8/30/08)(AP, 8/31/08)(AP, 9/1/08)
2008        Aug 30, Egypt opened its Rafah border crossing with the Gaza Strip, allowing more than 2,500 people to leave the Hamas-controlled territory and about 1,000 to enter in a goodwill gesture before the holy Muslim month of Ramadan begins.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(Reuters, 8/31/08)
2008        Aug 30, The UN says Russian soldiers are telling thousands of refugees in Georgia who want to return to their homes that their security can't be guaranteed. All hoped to return to villages that are in the "security zones" that Russia has claimed for itself. Russian PM Vladimir Putin urged the EU to ignore calls to punish Moscow over the Georgia conflict as Tbilisi appealed for targeted punishment of the Russian leadership.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(AFP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, In India, officials said more than 300,000 people, trapped in India's worst floods in 50 years, have been rescued but that nearly double that number remained stranded without food or water. In eastern India 12 policemen were killed in a landmine blast triggered by suspected Maoist rebels.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(AFP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, The US military said more than 11,000 Iraqis have been released from American detention centers this year, leaving some 19,700 still in custody.
    (AP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi met in Libya to sign a "friendship pact." Italy agreed to pay Libya US$5 billion as compensation for its 30-year occupation of the country, which ended in 1943. A provision stated that the parties commit themselves "not to resort to threatening or using violence."
    (Reuters, 8/30/08)(AP, 8/31/08)(AP, 2/27/11)
2008        Aug 30, Hundreds of thousands of frustrated Mexicans, many carrying pictures of kidnapped loved ones, marched across the country to demand government action against a relentless tide of killings, abductions and shootouts. Hours before the protests, the severed heads of two women were found near the attorney general's offices in the city of Durango.
    (AP, 8/31/08)(AP, 9/1/08)
2008        Aug 30, Gilberto Rincon Gallardo (69), a former socialist presidential candidate who gained respect in Mexico for defending the rights of the disabled, gays and other marginalized groups, died in Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/31/08)
2008        Aug 30, Nigeria's main militant group claimed that it killed at least 29 military personnel in three separate attacks across the restive southern oil region. The group reported that six of its own fighters were also killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, In Pakistan a blast ripped through a home in Wana, a main town in the South Waziristan tribal region, killing at least five militants.
    (AP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, A bomb blast blamed on separatist Tamil Tigers wounded 45 people in Colombo. A clash killed three soldiers and a rebel in Anuradhapura district. Rebels said that a shell fired by government forces hit a shelter for civilians displaced by fighting in Kilinochchi, killing five people and wounding three others.
    (AP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 30, Thai PM Samak Sundaravej vowed not to quit in the face of intensifying protests aimed at toppling his seven-month-old government.
    (Reuters, 8/30/08)

2009        Aug 30, In Utah a fire, which already destroyed 3 houses and covered over 15 square miles, threatened the rural town of New Harmony.
    (SFC, 8/31/09, p.A4)
2009        Aug 30, Major allegations of fraud in Afghanistan's presidential election topped 550, more than doubling the figure investigators reported just two days earlier.
    (AP, 8/30/09)
2009        Aug 30, British police estimated that about 220,000 people turned up to dance, drink and eat jerk chicken for the first of two days of the Notting Hill Carnival in west London. The Afro-Caribbean carnival began the 1950s in response to deteriorating race relations, and has been based in Notting Hill since 1964.
    (AFP, 8/31/09)
2009        Aug 30, In Cameroon a passenger train carrying about 1,000 people crashed in the northwest of Yaounde. Nine people were killed in the crash and its aftermath.
    (AP, 8/30/09)
2009        Aug 30, In eastern China Yu Xiaochun (37) was going home when she was surrounded by five Wal-Mart employees, four men and one woman, all in their 20s, who accused her of shoplifting. They fought and Yu fell to the ground and was taken to a hospital, where she died on Sept. 2. Two employees, a man surnamed Liu and a man surnamed Yu, were detained following her death.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Aug 30, Gabon held free elections for the first time in more than 41 years. 18 candidates vied to replace the late President Omar Bongo, who ruled for more than four decades and ran as the only candidate in many elections. The leading contender was the dead ruler's son, Ali Bongo Ondimba (50). He put up posters of himself every 30 feet (9 meters) on the capital's main highway and crisscrossed the country in a private jet to campaign. On Sep 3 Ali Bongo Ondimba was declared the winner with 41.7% of the vote.
    (AP, 8/30/09)(AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Aug 30, Israeli legal authorities indicted former PM Ehud Olmert on corruption charges, the first criminal indictment ever filed against a current or past Israeli prime minister. Olmert was accused of illegally accepting funds from an American backer, double-billing for trips abroad and concealing funds from a government watchdog.
    (AP, 8/30/09)
2009        Aug 30, Japan's ruling party conceded a crushing defeat as voters were poised to hand the opposition a landslide victory in nationwide elections, driven by economic anxiety and a powerful desire for change. The left-of-center Democratic Party of Japan, under Yukio Hatoyama (62), won 308 of the 480 seats in the lower house of parliament, ousting the Liberal Democrats, who have governed Japan for all but 11 months since 1955.
    (AP, 8/30/09)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.29)
2009        Aug 30, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi and Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi laid the foundation stone for an ambitious highway stretching along the entire Libyan coast.
    (AFP, 8/30/09)
2009        Aug 30, The Myanmar junta ended a news blackout about clashes with ethnic rebels near the China border, saying three days of fighting killed 26 government forces and at least eight rebels.
    (AP, 8/30/09)
2009        Aug 30, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 17 police recruits in the Swat Valley in the deadliest attack since the army regained control over the northwestern valley from the Taliban. After the blast, security forces pursuing Taliban suspects killed 18 militants in a gunbattle just outside Mingora.
    (AP, 8/30/09)(AP, 8/31/09)
2009        Aug 30, In Zimbabwe Godknows Dzoro Mtshakazi, a member of PM Morgan Tsvangirai's party, was killed by soldiers in Shurugwi for playing a song praising the premier.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)

2010        Aug 30, It was reported that over $5 billion in American aid to Iraq has been wasted on abandoned or incomplete projects. This was over 10% of US reconstruction efforts in Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/30/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 30, The Hewlett-Packard Co. agreed to pay $55 million to settle a Justice Dept. probe on overcharges in a kickback scheme. The settlement involved a False Claims Act lawsuit dating back to 2004.
    (SFC, 8/31/10, p.D1)
2010        Aug 30, Hurricane Earl lashed the northeastern Caribbean with heavy rain and strong winds, causing flooding in low-lying parts of the Leeward Islands as it rapidly intensified into a major Category 4 storm taking a path projected to menace the United States. Earl passed just north of the British Virgin Islands in the afternoon. By nighttime, the hurricane was pulling away from the Caribbean, but heavy downpours still threatened to cause flash floods and mudslides in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands by drenching already saturated ground.
    (AP, 8/30/10)(AP, 8/31/10)
2010        Aug 30, In Seattle, Wa., John Williams, a Native American homeless woodcarver, was shot and killed by police officer Ian Birk, who had ordered him to drop his small knife. The shooting was later ruled unjustified, but prosecutors said they would not file criminal charges.
    (SFC, 2/28/11, p.A5)(
2010        Aug 30, In southern Afghanistan 7 US troops were killed in two Taliban-style bomb attacks. An 8th soldier, a 20-year-old Estonian, died of his injuries after insurgents set off an improvised explosive device (IED) in Nad-e-Ali in Helmand province. A bomb blast in Jalalabad killed a district chief and wounded up to five others. A French soldier was killed when the armored vehicle he was travelling in tumbled into a ravine.
    (AFP, 8/30/10)(AP, 8/31/10)
2010        Aug 30, Chinese state media said North Korea's leader Kim Jong-il wants an early restart to stalled nuclear disarmament talks, ending official silence about Kim's secretive five-day trip ahead of a key congress.
    (Reuters, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi and Premier Silvio Berlusconi marked a friendship treaty between their two countries amid increasing criticism here over Gadhafi's exhortation to Italians to convert to Islam.
    (AP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, In Kashmir police opened fire with live rounds at rock-throwing Kashmiris, sparking violent street protests by hundreds in India's portion of the troubled Himalayan region. At least five people were wounded, one critically.
    (AP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, Mexican police captured a Texas-born fugitive known as "the Barbie." Edgar Valdez Villarreal (37) allegedly led a violent smuggling network. He became the third suspected drug lord to fall in Mexico in the past 10 months in a coup for Pres. Calderon's war on cartels. An anonymous caller tipped authorities off to the presence of 3 bodies in Tamaulipas state. Marines found the 3 bodies as well as the bodies of 2 women, not identified as culprits. A Honduran man who survived the Aug 24 slaughter identified the three men as having been among the killers of 72 migrants.
    (AP, 8/31/10)(AP, 9/6/10)
2010        Aug 30, In Nigeria unknown gunmen shot and killed a personal assistant to Bauchi state Gov. Malam Isa Yuguda, the son-in-law to the late Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua. A police guard for Yuguda was shot and seriously injured.
    (AP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, Russia's PM Vladimir Putin hinted he would return to the presidency in 2012 for six more years and said democracy protesters marching without permission deserved to be beaten.
    (Reuters, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, In Russia a fire killed nine people at a nursing home in Vishny Volochek, 120 miles (200 km) north of Moscow, and investigators say it apparently started when an elderly resident doused himself in gasoline and set himself on fire.
    (AP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, In Slovakia a gunman killed 7 people and wounded 14 in an attack at an apartment building in Bratislava, then committed suicide.
    (AP, 8/30/10)(Econ, 9/4/10, p.55)
2010        Aug 30, In Somalia 4 Ugandan peacekeepers were killed in Mogadishu when al Shabaab Islamist rebels fired mortars at the presidential palace. Clashes pitting Islamist radicals against government troops backed by African Union forces killed at least six civilians and wounded 16.
    (Reuters, 8/30/10)(AFP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, The government of Southern Sudan said it will purge child soldiers from the ranks of its former rebel army by year's end, a policy change that could see thousands of young troops pushed out of the military.
    (AP, 8/30/10)
2010        Aug 30, In Venezuela Franklin Brito, a farmer who staged repeated hunger strikes to protest a government-sanctioned takeover of his farm, died in a military hospital in Caracas.
    (AP, 8/31/10)

2011        Aug 30, The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) announced that they had arrested 7 men in Utah, alleged members of Mexico’s Sinaloa drug cartel. Cashes of guns, cash and drugs were seized.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.40)
2011        Aug 30, A US federal judge temporarily blocked key provisions of a Texas abortion law that would require women seeking the procedure to view a sonogram and listen to the heartbeat of their fetus. On Jan 10, 2012, a federal appeals court restored the law.
    (Reuters, 8/30/11)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.A7)
2011        Aug 30, Flooding isolated entire towns in Vermont and New York, some communities warily watched swollen rivers and more than a million people from Virginia to Maine lacked electricity, three days after Hurricane Irene churned up the Eastern Seaboard. The storm was blamed for at least 40 deaths in 11 states.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, In Bahrain Shiite human rights activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja and opposition Haq movement member Abduljalil al-Singace stopped eating in solidarity with detainees held at Bahrain's Dry Dock prison.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 30, In Chechnya 3 suicide bombers killed at least nine people in Grozny. One attacker blew himself up at a police post on a street about 150 meters (500 feet) from the parliament compound, killing two officers. Two others set off their explosives about 20 minutes later after more police and emergency workers had rushed to the scene.
    (AP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 30, In China the body of Xie Yexin, who worked as an anti-corruption official in the central province of Hubei, was discovered in his office with 11 stab marks to his body next to a knife wrapped in a paper napkin. State-run media said Yexin had taken his own life.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Aug 30, In Denmark a man was shot dead and two others are injured after a shooting outside a Copenhagen mosque following prayers to mark the end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Ethiopian ONLF rebels reportedly killed 25 soldiers protecting a Chinese oil exploration company called PetroTrans.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2011        Aug 30, Japan’s Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda (Democratic Party of Japan) became the country’s sixth new prime minister in five years, inheriting an in-tray groaning with disaster recovery, nuclear crisis and economic gloom in the ageing, debt-choked nation.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)(SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A4)
2011        Aug 30, In Lebanon a man in a land dispute shot dead five members of the same family who had gathered in a cemetery in the Bekaa valley area to mark the end of Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Libyan rebels pledged to launch an assault within days on Sirte, Moammar Gadhafi's hometown. Rebels told Khadafy backers to give up by Sep 3 or face assault. Gadhafi's daughter gave birth to a baby girl in Algeria. NATO planes bombed Gaddafi forces near Sirte, targeting tanks and other armored vehicles as well as military facilities. They also hit targets in the area of Bani Walid, another Gaddafi stronghold 150 km southeast of Tripoli.
    (AP, 8/30/11)(Reuters, 8/31/11)(SFC, 8/31/11, p.A3)
2011        Aug 30, A Lithuanian military plane collided midair with a French fighter jet during a NATO training flight and crashed into a swamp in northern Lithuania after its two pilots safely ejected. The French Mirage fighter was only "lightly damaged" and landed safely.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Nigerian officials said cholera has killed 35 people in northern Sokoto and Yobe states in recent days.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Philippine President Benigno Aquino flew to China, on a mission to secure billions of dollars in business deals as the two sides look to move beyond a territorial row.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, South African police detonated stun grenades and fired a water cannon at hundreds of stone-throwing members of the ruling party's youth league, who burned party flags and called for the president's ouster as their leaders were brought before a party disciplinary committee.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, In South Africa a bus overturned on a road in Eastern Cape province, killing 11 people including one child.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)
2011        Aug 30, International rights groups accused Sudan's government of killing at least 26 people in indiscriminate aerial bombardments of a contested region in the country's main oil-producing state. Researchers from Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch investigated 13 air strikes in the Kauda, Delami, and Kurchi areas of South Kordofan during a week in late August.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Syrian security forces opened fire on thousands of anti-government protesters, killing at least seven people, including a 13-year-old boy, as worshippers poured out of mosques after prayers to mark the end of the holy month of Ramadan. The Syrian Revolution Coordinating Union grassroots activists' group said Assad's forces killed 551 people during the month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Chiou I-jen, Taiwan's ex-spy chief and right-hand man of jailed former president Chen Shui-bian, was cleared of embezzling diplomatic funds during Chen's term in office due to a lack of evidence. Former vice foreign minister Kao Ying-mao was also cleared of being an accomplice in the 2005 case.
    (AP, 8/30/11)
2011        Aug 30, Rights groups said foreign banks with investments in Zimbabwe are enabling human rights abuses by failing to stop local partners from facilitating illegal sales of the country's diamonds.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)

2012        Aug 30, A federal court rejected a Texas law that would require voters to present photo IDs to election officials before being allowed to cast ballots in November.
    (AP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, In California Yosemite park officials closed 91 Curry Village tent cabins following 3 more cases of hantavirus, bringing the total number of cases to 6 cases, including 2 deaths. The cabins were apparently infested with deer mice, carriers of the disease. A 3rd death from the incurable disease was reported on Sep 6.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A1)(SFC, 9/7/12, p.A18)
2012        Aug 30, Tropical depression Isaac hovered over Louisiana for a 3rd day with at least 2 deaths as it slowly moved inland.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A8)
2012        Aug 30, In Afghanistan insurgent rockets killed five civilians while they were waiting on the side of a road for a bus in Logar province. A 6-year-old girl was beheaded in eastern Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 30, In Algeria 9 AQIM members, including a chief named as Boubeker Zemmouri (29), were killed by soldiers over the last 24 hours in a special operation at Jebel Djerrah in the Beni Amrane area of Boumerdes province, 50 km (30 miles) east of Algiers. Another militant was reported killed in a village in the same area.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 30, The first day of competition at the London Paralympics got under way.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Canadian officials said they have ordered the deportation of Kimberly Rivera (30), who fled the US military in Feb, 2007, to avoid returning to the war in Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 30, Cambodia police arrested Gottfrid Svartholm Warg, a co-founder of The Pirate Bay file-sharing website following a request by Sweden. He faced a one-year prison term in Sweden for violating copyright laws.
    (SFC, 9/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 30, Egypt’s Pres. Mohammed Morsi urged the world to support the rebels in Syria as he spoke in Tehran before an int’l. meeting of nonaligned nations.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 30, Rights group Reporters Without Borders said 3 journalists jailed since late 2001 have died in prison in Eritrea, the world's worst country for press freedom. Dawit Habtemichael, Mattewos Habteab and Wedi Itay were reported to have died by former prison guards who have since fled the secretive.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, In India 9 air force personnel were killed when two Russian-designed military helicopters apparently collided in mid-air in the western state of Gujarat.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Indonesian fishermen found 50 Sri Lankan asylum seekers, who were trying to reach Australia, on a boat with a broken engine and brought them ashore.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 30, The Maldives Commission of National Inquiry (CoNI), consisting of four nationals named by political parties and a Singaporean judge nominated by the Commonwealth, found the February change of president was "legal and constitutional." The judgment promptly rejected by Mohamed Nasheed’s party, which vowed to keep up protests to press for early elections.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Mexico's old ruling PRI party cleared the last hurdle in regaining the presidency it held for 71 years, after the country's highest electoral court dismissed legal challenges brought by a leftist opponent trying to overturn the July 1 election.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 30, It was reported that a leak of personal data of more than 60 past and current employees of Nigeria's State Security Service remained easily accessible on the Internet for days and had details about the agency's director-general, including his mobile phone number, bank account particulars and contact information for his son.
    (AP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Palestinian religious authorities announced sweeping reforms of divorce laws making it easier for a woman to end her marriage. The changes would no apply in Gaza.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A3)
2012        Aug 30, Russia officials said the bodies of two slain women were found beneath a scrawled message demanding freedom for the jailed members of the Pussy Riot band. Russia's Investigative Committee said the women, aged 76 and 38, were killed late last week in their apartment in the central city of Kazan with the words "Free Pussy Riot" written on the wall in English, "presumably" with blood. Police detained Igor Danilevsky, a 38-year-old university professor. Investigators said Danilevsky wrote "Free Pussy Riot" because he wanted the deaths of the 38-year-old woman he dated and her mother, 76, to appear as if they were a "ritual killing."
    (AP, 8/30/12)(AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 30, In South Africa about 270 miners were charged with the murders of 34 striking colleagues who were shot by South African police officers. The decision to charge the miners came under an arcane Roman-Dutch common purpose law used under the apartheid regime. It suggested Pres. Jacob Zuma's government wants to shift blame for the killings from police to the striking miners.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, In South Africa three crates of "more than 5,000 rounds of ammunitions" of various sizes were found concealed under a wooden floor beneath the pulpit of a Dutch Reformed Church in the town of Schweizer-Reneke.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)
2012        Aug 30, Swiss authorities said a self-styled healer has been indicted by a Swiss court on charges that he intentionally infected 16 people with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in cases (2001-2005) going back more than a decade.
    (AP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 30, Syrian rebels reportedly shot down a regime warplane over the northern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 8/30/12)

2013        Aug 30, The United States found itself with France as its only major partner in a potential strike against Syria, after a stunning rejection of military force in Parliament forced Britain, America's staunchest ally, to pull out of any operation.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, President Barack Obama said he hasn't made a final decision about a military strike against Syria. But he says he's considering a limited and narrow action in response to a chemical weapons attack that he says Syria's government carried out last week.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, Pres. Obama met at the White House with the three Baltic leaders.
    (AP, 8/31/13)
2013        Aug 30, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked people leaving a memorial service at a mosque in Kunduz province, killing his apparent target, a Dashi Archi district chief, and 7 others with 11 wounded. In Helmand province 12 people were killed in an ambush involving a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/30/13)(SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A7)(SFC, 8/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 30, Chinese official Yang Dacai, former head of the work safety administration in Shaanxi province, went on trial for corruption. His penchant for luxury watches sparked outrage after he was pictured smiling at the scene of a fatal accident. On Sep 5 Dacai was sentenced to 14 years in prison.
    (AFP, 8/30/13)(Reuters, 9/5/13)
2013        Aug 30, Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos ordered troops to provide security in Bogota and patrol the nation’s highways after violent protests in support of striking farmworkers left two dead in Bogota.
    (AFP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In CongoDRC rebels entrenched in the hills above Goma declared a unilateral ceasefire and began retreating from the frontline, the first indication that a joint United Nations and Congolese offensive might be gaining the upper hand.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen in two cars opened fire on a police station in the upscale Cairo neighborhood of Heliopolis, killing an officer. The drive-by attack happened ahead of planned nationwide protests by the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In northern Iraq a bomb blast in a residential area of Tuz Khormato killed 12 and wounded 10.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, Seamus Heaney (74), Ireland's foremost poet and Nobel Prize winner (1995), died in Dublin after a half-century exploring the beauty of Ireland and the political torment within the nation's soul.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, Lebanon charged five men, including a Sunni Muslim cleric close to the Syrian government, over bomb attacks on two mosques in the northern city of Tripoli last week that killed at least 42 people.
    (Reuters, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Islamic sect members ambushed and killed at least 24 members of a youth vigilante group who were on a mission to find and fight the sect.
    (AP, 8/31/13)
2013        Aug 30, Paraguay was welcomed back into a group of South American nations known as UNASUR meeting in Suriname.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In Puerto Rico Dino Bouterse, the son of the president of the South American country of Suriname, was arrested on US drug charges.
    {Puerto Rico. Suriname, USA}
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, Russia banned pork imports from Belarus, stepping up a diplomatic and trade war over the arrest of Uralkali's CEO, Vladislav Baumgertner, a Russian businessman, and threatening to deepen the isolation of its former Soviet ally. The dispute followed the collapse this month of a Russia-Belarus sales cartel that controlled two-fifths of the $20-billion global market for potash, an ingredient used in mineral fertilizers.
    (Reuters, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In Saudi Arabia another Saudi man died of the coronavirus MERS, bringing the kingdom's death toll from the SARS-like virus to 43.
    {Saudi Arabia, Microbiology}
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich said he had no legal powers to allow jailed rival Yulia Tymoshenko to go abroad for medical treatment as some European governments have urged, but hinted compromise might be found if the law was changed.
    (Reuters, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, In Yemen a drone strike reportedly killed Al-Qaeda leader Qaeed al-Dhahab and two other men.
    (AFP, 8/30/13)

2014        Aug 30, Andrew McLaglen (b.1020), American film director, died in Friday Harbor, Wa. His work included numerous TV Westerns such as “Gunsmoke," “Have Gun - Will Travel," and Rawhide. His films included “Man in the Vault" (1956), “Gun the Man Down" (1956), “McLintock!" (1963), “Shenandohah" (1965), “The Rare Breed" (1966), “The Way West" (1967), “Wild Geese" (1978) and “Sahara (1983).
    (SFC, 9/5/14, p.D4)
2014        Aug 30, In eastern Afghanistan 2 men blew up their vehicles at the gate of the provincial intelligence office in Jalalabad and six others then opened fire. 4 Afghan intelligence forces were killed. All the militants were killed by security forces.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed Badie, general guide of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and seven others to life in prison for inciting violence during protests last year. Badie and 182 Muslim brotherhood supporters were sentenced to death in a mass trial last June over violence that erupted in Minya governorate which led to the killing of a police officer.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, EU leaders agreed to ask the executive European Commission to draw up more sanctions measures against Russia, as armored columns of Russian troops came to the aid of the rebellion in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 30, EU leaders chose Polish PM Donald Tusk as the new president of their Council and Italian Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini as the bloc's new foreign policy chief.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, India’s PM Narendra Modi was welcomed by Japanese PM Shinzo Abe as he began a five-day visit to the country.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In Guinea a curfew was imposed in N'Zerekore after two days of protests by market stall holders against a team of health workers sent, without notice, to spray their market with disinfectant. Clashes left at least 55 people wounded.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, A Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) meeting in the Saudi Red Sea resort of Jeddah ended. An Omani minister said the Gulf Arab monarchies have resolved a six-month dispute with Qatar, which they had accused of destabilizing the region by supporting the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In northeastern India a march by hundreds of supporters of the United Naga Council left 2 people dead and 13 other Naga tribespeople injured in the Ukhrul district of Manipur state. The council in response called for a general strike in the area.
    (AP, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 30, Iraqi security forces, Shiite militiamen and Kurdish fighters launched a major operation to break the more than two-month jihadist siege of Amerli, a Shiite Turkmen-majority town. The US military launched fresh attacks on Islamic State forces in Iraq, using fighter aircraft and drones to carry out strikes near the Mosul dam.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In Kashmir suspected rebels clashed with Indian soldiers near the highly militarized cease-fire line dividing disputed Kashmir between India and Pakistan, killing one soldier and wounding another. At least 3 Indian soldiers and 5 Kashmiri militants had been reported killed in fighting over the past week in the mountainous Kupwara region.
    (AP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, A video posted on social media showed Islamic State militants beheading a Lebanese soldier who was one of 19 captured by hardline Syrian Islamists when they seized a Lebanese border town for few days this month. Hours later, the group posted a second video showing nine other soldiers begging for their lives.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In Lesotho at least one policeman was killed when the military disarmed police stations. Radios were also jammed in what the PM Thomas Thabane said was a clear coup attempt in the country of about 2 million people.
    (AP, 9/2/14)
2014        Aug 30, Liberia’s government lifted quarantine measures in the seaside district of West Point in Monrovia, which had been designed to contain the spread of the Ebola virus. Officials announced plans to build five new Ebola treatment centers each with capacity for 100 beds.
    (Reuters, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 30, In Libya heavy clashes broke out between the forces of a renegade general and Islamist fighters in the eastern city of Benghazi, killing at least 10 people and showering the airport with rockets.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In Somalia African Union forces claimed to have liberated Bulomarer, a former Shebab stronghold, as part of a joint offensive with government troops aimed at capturing key ports from the Islamist fighters.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In Syria a firefight erupted between a group of Philippine peacekeepers trapped on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights and Islamist militants surrounding their position. 44 Fijian peacekeepers were captured on Aug 28 at their post about eight km away from the Philippine troops. 35 Filipino peacekeepers were escorted out of a UN encampment in Breiqa by Irish and Filipino forces on armored vehicles.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, Syria’s Nusra Front, an al-Qaida affiliate, freed five members of the Lebanese security forces seized in Arsal earlier this month.
    (AP, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 30, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said several dozen Yazidi women, kidnapped by Islamic State jihadists in Iraq, have been taken to Syria, forced to convert and sold into marriage to militants.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, In eastern Ukraine a group of pro-government fighters broke out of encirclement by Russian-backed separatists near Donetsk, but other reports suggested many were still trapped. Ukraine handed over 10 captured Russian paratroops and Russia returned 63 Ukrainian soldiers who crossed into its territory last week.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)(Reuters, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 30, A Ukrainian civilian cargo plane with 7 crew members crashed in the mountains of Algeria while on its way to Equatorial Guinea.
    (SSFC, 8/31/14, p.A5)
2014        Aug 30, In southeast Yemen a double overnight attack, one a suicide car bombing, left at least 10 insurgents and 4 soldiers dead in Qatan.  Houthi fighters were trying to seize a road that links Sanaa with oil-rich provinces. 3 suspected Qaeda fighters died when the army bombarded the house in Shibam. In the east security forces killed 5 militants who tried to take over a police station in Hadramou province.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)(Reuters, 8/30/14)(Reuters, 8/31/14)

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