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Today in History - September 3

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590        Sep 3, St. Gregory I began his reign as Pope. Gregory the Great reigned until 604 and established the popes as the de facto rulers of central Italy, and strengthened the papal primacy over the Churches of the West.
    (CU, 6/87)(MC, 9/3/01)

1189        Sep 3, After the death of Henry II, Richard Lionheart, King Richard I, was crowned king of England in Westminster. Richard was the 2nd son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(HN, 9/3/98)(ON, 6/12, p.5)
1189        Sep 3, Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, was killed in the London anti Jewish riot in which 30 Jews were massacred.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1154        Sir Thomas Becket was given the high office of Chancellor to the King, Henry II.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1260        Sep 3, Mamelukes under Sultan Qutuz defeated Mongols and Crusaders at Ain Jalut.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1346        Sep 3, Edward III of England began the siege of Calais, along the coast of France.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1402        Sep 3, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, duke and tyrant of Milan (1395-1402), died at 51.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1485        Sep 3, Henry Tudor entered London following his Aug 22 victory at Bosworth.
    (ON, 12/06, p.4)

1543        Sep 3, Cardinal Beaton replaced Earl Arran as regent for Mary of Scotland.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1596        Sep 3, Nicolo Amati (d.1684), Italian violin maker, was born. He was the grandson of violin maker Andrea Amati and taught Antonio Stradivari and Andrea Guarneri.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R53)(MC, 9/3/01)

1609        Sep 3-4, Henry Hudson discovered the island of Manhattan. The exact date is not known.
    (MC, 9/3/01)(www.hudsonriver.com)

1632        Sep 3, Battle at Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beat Sweden.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1650        Sep 3, The English under Cromwell defeated a superior Scottish army under David Leslie at the Battle of Dunbar.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1651        Sep 3, In the Battle at Worcester Oliver Cromwell destroyed English royalists. Charles II led the Scots Covenanters to a disastrous defeat at the battle of Worcester. Some 3,000 of his soldiers were killed and 10,000 taken prisoner.
    (WSJ, 2/28/00, p.A36)(ON, 12/00, p.1)

1658        Sep 3, Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the New Commonwealth, i.e. ruler over England’s Puritan parliament (1653-58), died at age 59. Richard Cromwell succeeded his father as English Lord Protector.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.218)(AP, 9/3/97)(ON, 12/00, p.5)(MC, 9/3/01)(MC, 9/3/01)

1683        Sep 3, Turkish troops broke through the defense of Vienna.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1695        Sep 3, Pietro Antonio Locatelli, Italian violinist and composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1709        Sep 3, The 1st major group of Swiss and German colonists reached the Carolinas.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1752        Sep 3, The Gregorian Adjustment to the calendar was put into effect in Great Britain and the American colonies followed. At this point in time 11 days needed to be accounted for and Sept. 2 was selected to be followed by Sept. 14. People rioted thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives. [see Oct 5, 1582]
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(SFEC, 9/27/98, BR p.5)(MC, 9/3/01)

1757        Sep 3, Charles X, Duke of Prussia, was born in Versailles, France.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1759        Sep 3, Pope Clement XIII officially placed the French Encyclopedie on the Vatican’s Index of Prohibited Books.
    (ON, 4/05, p.9)

1777        Sep 3, The American flag (stars & stripes), approved by Congress on June 14th, was carried into battle for the first time by a force under General William Maxwell.
    (HN, 9/3/00)

1778        Sep 3, Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1783        Sep 3, The Treaty of Paris between the United States and Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary War. The Treaty of 1783, which formally ended the American Revolution, is also known as the Definitive Treaty of Peace, the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of Versailles. Under the treaty, Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States. The treaty bears the signatures of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and John Jay.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(HNQ, 7/19/98)(HN, 9/3/98)(MC, 9/3/01)
1783        Sep 3, Mackinac Island, Michigan, passed into US hands following the Paris Peace Treaty,
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.C5)

1791        Sep 3, The French National Assembly passed a French Constitution passed.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1792        Sep 3, In France Princess de Lamballe (b.1749), the best friend of Marie Antoinette, was killed and her body mutilated by an angry mob. Her head was displayed under the window of Marie Antoinette, interned in Temple Prison.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.G5)(www.batguano.com/vigeeart100.html)

1811        Sep 3, John Humphrey Noyes was born in Vermont. He founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists) in 1848.
    (MC, 9/3/01)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.A6)

1826        Sep 3, USS Vincennes left NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1833        Sep 3, The first successful penny newspaper was published. Benjamin H. Day issued the first copy of "The New York Sun". By 1826, circulation was the largest in the country at 30,000. New York’s population was over 250,000, but its 11 daily newspapers had a combined circulation of only 26,500.
    (SFEM, 11/8/98, p.12)(http://library.nyu.edu/research/news/historical/nyc.html)(WSJ, 11/7/08, p.A15)

1838        Sep 3, Frederick Douglass, American Negro abolitionist,  escaped slavery disguised as a sailor. He would later write “The Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass,” his memoirs about slave life.
    (HFA, '96, p.38)(HN, 9/3/98)

1840        Sep 3, Jacob Fabricius, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1849        Sep 3, Sarah Orne Jewett, author of “Tales of New England,” was born.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1852        Sep 3, Anti Jewish riots broke out in Stockholm.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1855        Sep 3, General William Harney defeated Little Thunder's Brule Sioux at the Battle of Blue Water in Nebraska.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1856        Sep 3, Louis H. Sullivan, architect who gained fame for his design of the Chicago Auditorium Theater, was born in Boston, Mass. The leading figure in the so-called Chicago style of architecture, Louis Sullivan is regarded as the spiritual father of modern U.S. architecture and is particularly identified with the aesthetics of skyscraper design. Born in 1856, Sullivan attended MIT and was among the first to stress the vertical lines of steel skeleton construction.
    (HN, 9/3/98)(HNQ, 6/11/99)(MC, 9/3/01)
1856        Sep 3, The Royal British Bank announced a suspension of business. In 1858 eight directors of the bank were put on trial for conspiracy to defraud the public. A jury found each of the defendants guilty of the charges. They were given sentences ranging from a nominal fine of one shilling to imprisonment for up to one year.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mefkksp)(http://tinyurl.com/m78b3q3)(Econ, 6/22/13, p.60)

1857        Sep 3, John McLoughlin (b.1784), Hudson's Bay Co. pioneer at Fort Vancouver and in Oregon Country, died in Oregon City. In the late 1840s his general store in Oregon City was famous as the last stop on the Oregon Trail.

1860        Sep 3, Edward Albert Filene, merchant, was born. He established the US credit union movement.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1861        Sep 3, Confederate forces entered Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1864        Sep 3, Battle of Berryville, VA.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1865        Sep 3, Army commander in SC ordered Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1875        Sep 3, Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer, was born. He designed the Volkswagen in 1934 and the Porsche sports car in 1950.
    (HN, 9/3/00)(MC, 9/3/01)

1877        Sep 3, Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of the 3rd French Republic (1871-77), died at 80.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1881        Sep 3, Anton Bruckner completed his 6th Symphony.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1882        Sep 3, The French, Vietnamese and Chinese battled at Hanoi; hundreds died.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1883        Sep 3, Ivan Turgenev (b.1818), Russian  novelist and playwright, died in France. His best play was “A Month in the Country.” In 1977 V.S. Pritchett authored the biography “The Gentle Barbarian: The Life and Work of Turgenev.” In 2005 Robert Dessaiz authored “Twilight of Love: Travels With Turgenev,” an exploration of Turgenev’s work.
    (WSJ, 4/26/95, p.A-14)(www.nndb.com/people/697/000055532/)(SSFC, 9/18/05, p.F2)

1891        Sep 3, Cotton pickers organized a union & strike in Texas.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1894        Sep 3, Richard Niebuhr, theologian, was born.
    (HN, 9/3/00)

1895        Sep 3, The first professional American football game was played in Latrobe, Pennsylvania between the Latrobe Young Men’s Christian Association and the Jeannette Athletic Club. Latrobe wins 12-0.
    (HN, 9/3/00)

1901        Sep 3, Eduard A. van Beinum, musician and conductor (Amsterdam Concertgebouw), was born.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1901        Sep 3, Miss Ellen Stone, a Protestant missionary from Haverhill, Mass., was kidnapped in Bulgaria by a Macedonian revolutionary gang, who demanded $110,000 in gold. Katerina Tsilka, her pregnant Bulgarian companion, was also kidnapped and gave birth during her captivity to a baby girl. In 2003 Teresa Carpenter authored "The Miss Stone Affair: America's First Modern Hostage Crisis."
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, p.M4)
1901        Sep 3, Boer General Smuts entered Kiba Drift in Cape Colony.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1902        Sep 3, Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client."
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1906        Sep 3, Joe Gans (1874-1910), born as Joseph Gant, defended his lightweight boxing title against Battling Nelson in Goldfield, Nevada. He was the first African-American World Boxing Champion, reigning continuously as World Lightweight Champion from 1902 to 1908. In 2012 William Gildea authored “The Longest Fight: In the Ring with Joe Gans, Boxing’s First African-American Champion.”
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Gans)

1907        Sep 3, Carl Anderson, physicist, was born in NYC. He won the 1936 Nobel prize for his discovery of the positron.
    (HN, 9/3/00)
1907        Sep 3, Loren Eiseley, professor of Anthropology (Animal Secrets), was born in Lincoln, Nebraska.

1908        Sep 3, James Barries "What Every Woman Knows," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1908        Sep 3, Orville Wright began two weeks of flight trials that impressed onlookers with his complete control of his new Type A Military Flyer. In addition to setting an altitude record of 310 feet and an endurance record of more than one hour, he had carried aloft the first military observer, Lieutenant Frank Lahm.
    (HNPD, 9/16/98)

1912        Sep 3, World's 1st cannery opened in England to supply food to the navy.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1913        Sep 3, In northern California the Sacramento Northern began operating a new electric train from Oakland to Sacramento. Its morning Comet and afternoon Meteor made the run in 2 hrs and 41 minutes. The railroad never made money and passenger service stopped in 1941.
    (SFC, 9/3/13, p.A1)

1914        Sep 3, Dixie Lee Ray, Chairperson of the Atomic Energy Commission who received the U.N. Peace Prize in 1977, was born.
    (HN, 9/3/98)
1914        Sep 3, The French capital was moved from Paris to Bordeaux as the Battle of the Marne began. The British expeditionary army under general Lanrezacs army attacked the Marne. French troops vacated Reims.
    (HN, 9/3/98)(MC, 9/3/01)
1914        Sep 3, The air defense of Great Britain was assigned to Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS). Winston Churchill, the new first lord of the Admiralty, and the RNAS were assigned the task of stopping the Zeppelins.
    (AH, 1/97)

1916        Sep 3, The German Somme front was broken by an Allied offensive. Allies turned back the Germans in the Battle of Verdun.
    (HN, 9/3/98)(MC, 9/3/01)

1917        Sep 3, The 1st night bombing of London by German fighter planes.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1917        Sep 3, German troops overran Riga Latvia.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1917        Sep 3, Fanya Kaplan, the Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, was executed.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1918        Sep 3, The United States recognized the nation of Czechoslovakia.
    (HN, 9/3/98)
1918        Sep 3, Five soldiers were hanged for alleged participation in the Houston riot of 1917.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1918        Sep 3, Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1923        Sep 3, Mort Walker, cartoonist (Beetle Bailey, Hi & Lois), was born.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1924        Sep 3, L. Stallings & M. Anderson's "What Price Glory?," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1925        Sep 3, The dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die. The 682-foot Shenandoah, a dirigible built by the U.S. Navy in 1923, broke apart in mid-air, killing 14 persons aboard.
    (HNQ, 1/2/00)(MC, 9/3/01)

1927        Sep 3, Hugh Sidey, news correspondent and author of John F. Kennedy, President, was born.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1928        Sep 3, Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) discovered, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect.

1929        Sep 3, The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 381.17. It was the peak of the bull market of the 1920s.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1930        Sep 3, In the Dominican Republic a hurricane killed 2,000 and injured 4,000.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1932        Sep 3, In Soviet Russia Pavel Morozov (13) was allegedly killed by his relatives in Gerasimovka for having reporting his father to the state authorities. In 2005 Catriona Kelly authored “Comrade Pavlik: The Rise and Fall of a Soviet Boy Hero.”
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.80)(http://encycl.opentopia.com/term/Pavlik_Morozov)

1934        Sep 3, Tunisia began its move for independence.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1935        Sep 3, Sir Malcolm Campbell became the first person to drive an automobile over 300 MPH. Campbell drove the Bluebird Special on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah at a speed of 304.331 MPH.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1938        Sep 3, The 1940 Olympic site was changed from Tokyo, Japan, to Helsinki, Finland.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1939        Sep 3, British envoy Sir Neville Henderson delivered Britain’s final ultimatum to the Reich’s Foreign Ministry.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)
1939        Sep 3, Britain and France declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland. After Germany ignored Great Britain's ultimatum to stop the invasion of Poland, Great Britain declares war on Germany, marking the beginning of World War II in Europe. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, NZ, South Africa & Canada.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(HN, 9/3/98)(MC, 9/3/01)
1939        Sep 3, The British passenger ship Athenia was sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic, with 30 Americans among those killed. American Secretary of State Cordell Hull warns Americans to avoid travel to Europe unless absolutely necessary.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1940        Sep 3, Artie Shaw and his Gramercy Five recorded "Summit Ridge Drive," "Special Delivery Stomp," "Keepin' Myself for You" and "Cross Your Heart" in Hollywood for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 9/3/98)
1940        Sep 3, The 1st showing of high definition color TV.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1940        Sep 3, US gave Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1940        Sep 3, In France more than 700,000 books were seized from bookshops and destroyed. The “Otto lists,” or liste Otto, were comprised of books banned by the German occupying authorities in Vichy France. By September, 1940, 1,060 titles were on the list. The list aimed to ban anti-German, antifascist, pro-Marxists books, works by Jewish authors and British and American books.
    (HNQ, 8/16/98)(AP, 8/15/98)
1940        Sep 3, In Germany the SS banned Free Masons, Rotary & Red Cross.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1941        Sep 3, Nazis made the 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz on Russian prisoners of war.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1943        Sep 3, The British Eighth Army invaded Italy, landing at Calabria, during World War II. Italy signed a secret armistice with the Allies, but it was not announced until Sep 8.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(HN, 9/3/98)

1944        Sep 3, US forces entered Belgium at Peruwelz led by reconnaissance scout James W. Carroll on his Harley-Davidson motorcycle.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)
1944        Sep 3, The U.S. Seventh Army captured Lyons, France. French troops liberate Lyon.
    (HN, 9/3/98)(MC, 9/3/01)
1944        Sep 3, The 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews, which included Anne Frank, left for Auschwitz.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1944        Sep 3, A tank division of British Guards freed Brussels.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1945        Sep 3, George Biondo (musician-Steppenwolf: Born to Be Wild), was born.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1945        Sep 3, General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese commander of the Philippines, surrendered to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1948        Sep 3, Donald Brewer, musician-drums, songwriter-Silver Bullet Band, Flint, Grand Funk Railroad, was born. We're an American Band, Walk like a Man, Shinin' On, Some Kind of Wonderful, Bad Time.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1951        Sep 3, The television soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" made its debut on CBS. From 1953 to 1955 it featured Don Knotts as the neurotic Wilbur Peterson. The show ended in 1986 after 4 years on NBC. Larry Haines (1918-2008) played the neighbor Stu Bergman for most of the show’s run.
    (AP, 9/3/98)(SSFC, 2/26/06, p.B7)(SFC, 7/31/08, p.B5)

1954        Sep 3, The US Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1954        Sep 3, China began artillery bombing on Quemoy. Despite warnings from the US against any attacks on the Republic of China, the People's Liberation Army unleashed a heavy artillery bombardment of Quemoy, and intensified its actions in November by bombing the Tachen Islands.

1956        Sep 3, Tanks were deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1960        Sep 3, Niger became independence from France.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)

1962        Sep 3, Edward E. Cummings, aka E.E. Cummings (b.1894), US poet, died in New Hampshire. In 1958 Charles Norman authored “E.E. Cummings: The Magic Maker.” In 1980 Richard S. Kennedy authored a biography of Cummings “Dreams in the Mirror.” In 2014 Susan Cheever authored “E.E. Cumming: A Life.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._E._Cummings)(SSFC, 3/9/14, p.F7)

1963        Sep 3, Louis MacNeice (b.1907), northern Irish poet, died. His name was often subsumed under the collective name of Macspaunday, which referred to the generation of politically-committed 1930s poets: MacNeice, Stephen Spender, W.H. Auden and C. Day-Lewis. MacNeice’s collected poems were published in 2007.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_MacNeice)

1964        Sep 3, Pres. Johnson signed the Wilderness Act and designated 9 million acres as an area "where the Earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain." It allowed for roadless federal lands to qualify for wilderness protection. In 1999 the act sheltered over 100 million acres. Conservationists stopped a dam in Echo Park in Dinosaur National Monument and persuaded Congress to pass the Wilderness Act to provide permanent protection to wilderness areas.
    (NG, May 1985, p.669)(SFC, 8/6/93, p.C4)(SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)
1964        Sep 3, US attorney general Robert Kennedy resigned.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1965        Sep 3, Preparing a move to Anaheim, the LA Angels baseball team change their name to California Angels.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1966        Sep 3, The 24th World Sci-Fi Convention honored Gene Roddenberry.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1967        Sep. 3, The original version of the television game show "What's My Line?," hosted by John Charles Daly, broadcast its final episode after more than 17 years on CBS.
    (AP, 9/3/97)
1967        Sep 3, James Dunn, actor (Tree Grows in Brooklyn, 6 Gun Law), died at age 61.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1967        Sep 3, Muhammad Bin Laden (b.1908), a Yemeni immigrant to Saudi Arabia, died in a plane crash. He made a fortune in the construction business and left King Faisal in charge of some 55 of his children.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Laden)
1967        Sep. 3, Motorists in Sweden began driving on the right-hand side of the road instead of the left.
    (AP, 9/3/97)
1967        Sep. 3, Lieutenant General Nguyen Van Thieu was elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(HN, 9/3/98)

1970        Sep 3, Vince Lombardi (57), Green Bay Packers and Washington Redskins football coach, died in Washington, D.C. In 1999 David Maraniss authored "When Pride Still Mattered: A Life of Vince Lombardi."
    (AP, 9/3/97)(WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A28)(MC, 9/3/01)

1971        Sep 3, The Watergate team broke into Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist's office.
1971        Sep 3, The Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin, between the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and France. ended a long time source of tension.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(http://usa.usembassy.de/etexts/ga5-710903.htm)
1971        Sep 3, Qatar declared independence from Britain.

1972        Sep 3, In San Francisco the Playland-at-the-Beach amusement park was bulldozed on Labor Day Weekend. Playland shut its gates and some 40 Fascination tables were transferred to a Market Street arcade. Fascination was invented by John Gibbs of Los Angeles and combined the skill of bowling with the luck of Bingo. The head of Laughing Sal was stolen on closure and turned up in 2004.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/14/04, p.B2)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F6)(SFC, 5/31/08, p.B2)

1976        Sep 3, The unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1977        Sep 3, The "Mary Tyler Moore Show" was last broadcast on NBC-TV.
1977        Sep 3, In Cyprus Spyros Kyprianou (1932-2002) was elected president with no opposition in order to serve the remaining term of Archbishop Makarios.
1977        Sep 3, Japan's Sadaharu Oh hit his 756th HR to surpass Hank Aaron's total.

1978        Sep. 3, Pope John Paul I was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 9/3/97)
1978        Sep 3, An Air Rhodesia Vickers 782D Viscount passenger airliner crash-landed after being hit by a MANPAD, fired by forces from the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army, killing 34 of the 56 passengers.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

1979        Sep. 3, Hurricane David struck along the central Florida coast, leaving several people dead and millions of dollars in damage.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1980        Sep 3, Prof. W. Jackson Davis of UC Santa Cruz uncovered a report that indicated government officials had been aware for almost 20 years that nuclear waste containers, dumped off the California coast, were damaged and leaking.
    (SFC, 9/2/05, p.F2)

1981        Sep 3, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law making Martin Luther King’s birthday a state holiday. The legislation was the result of 4 years of efforts by students at Oakland Tech High School. 
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/5lc58v)

1982        Sep 3, Frederic Dannay (b.1905), US detective writer, died. He collaborated with Manfred Lee under the joint pseudonym Ellery Queen.

1986        Sep 3, In Connecticut Barbara Pelkey (30) of Wallingford, a New Haven suburb, was raped and murdered. Kenneth Ireland (20) was convicted in 1989 and sentenced to 50 years in prison. In 2009 Ireland was released from prison and granted a new trial after DNA testing showed he could not have committed the crime.

1987        Sep 3, Morton Feldman, composer, died in Buffalo, NY. His work included a six hour String Quartet, "Why Patterns," "Triadic Memories," "Three Voices" and "Structures."
    (WSJ, 8/13/96, p.A9)(www.newalbion.com/artists/feldmanm/)
1987        Sep. 3, A Soviet prosecutor accused West German pilot Mathias Rust of seeking "cheap popularity" by landing a private plane in Moscow's Red Square, and demanded that Rust be sentenced to eight years at hard labor. Rust was convicted, but freed the following August.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1988        Sep 3, On the presidential campaign trail, Democrat Michael Dukakis paid a visit to Ellis Island in New York, while Republican George Bush met reporters at his official Washington residence.
    (AP, 9/3/98)

1989        Sep 3, "Into the Woods" closed at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 764 performances.
1989        Sep 3, The United States began shipping a $65 million package of military aircraft and weapons to help Colombia's war against drug lords.
    (AP, 9/3/99)
1989        Sep 3, In Brazil a Varig 737-300 plane crashed in the Amazon jungle with 52 people aboard. 14 died and 34 were injured.
1989        Sep 3, A Cubana de Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 26 people on the ground.
    (AP, 9/3/99)

1990        Sep 3, President Bush returned to Washington from his Maine vacation home to prepare for his summit in Finland with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 9/3/00)
1990        Sep 3, Dr. David Acer, a Florida dentist, died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his patients with the HIV virus.
    (AP, 9/3/00)

1991        Sep 3, Twenty-five people were killed when fire broke out at the Imperial Food Products chicken-processing plant in Hamlet, N.C.
    (AP, 9/3/01)
1991        Sep 3, Frank Capra (94), Academy Award-winning director, died in La Quinta, Calif. His 1971 autobiography was titled “The Name Above the Title.”
    (AP, 9/3/01)(WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)

1992        Sep 3, Baseball owners voted 18-9-1 to ask commissioner Fay Vincent to resign.
    (AP, 9/3/97)
1992        Sep 3, An Italian relief plane was shot down by ground-to-air missiles outside of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1993        Sep 3, The US Labor Department reported the nation's unemployment rate edged down to a two-year low of 6.7 percent the previous month.
    (AP, 9/3/98)

1994        Sep 3, China and Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering hostilities, pledging they would no longer target nuclear missiles or use force against each other.
    (AP, 9/3/99)

1995        Sep 3, Testing Serb will, the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn’t end.
    (AP, 9/3/00)

1996        Sep 3-1996 Sep 4, The United States launched 27 cruise missiles at "selected air defense targets" in Iraq as punishment for Iraq's invasion of Kurdish safe havens. Pres. Clinton extended the no-fly zone to the suburbs of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(SFC,10/30/97, p.A12)
1996        Sep 3, Pakistan shot down 4 Indian helicopters over the last few weeks that entered its air space over the disputed Siachin Glacier. The glacier is at 22,000 feet and lies between the Karakoram and Himalayan mountain ranges.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1996        Sep 3, In Russia Alexander Lebed said that about 80,000 people had died in the fighting in Chechnya during the 21 months of the war.
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A10)

1997        Sep 3, The U.S. Senate voted to ban most federal financing for abortions provided by the managed-care industry. 
    (AP, 9/3/98)
1997        Sep 3, Arizona Gov. Fife Symington, the great-grandson of steel baron Henry Clay Frick, was found guilty by a jury on 7 counts of lying to get millions in loans to shore up his collapsing real estate empire. He was later sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison, charged a fine of $60,000, and ordered to serve 5 years of probation. Symington's conviction was overturned in 1999; he was pardoned by President Clinton in January 2001 as prosecutors again pursued the case.
    (WSJ, 9/4/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A3)(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A2)(AP, 9/3/02)
1997        Sep 3, Belarus tax officials emptied the bank account of the Soros foundation and forced the it to close down.
    (SFC, 9/4/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 3, It was reported that Catania, Sicily, (pop. 378,000) has some 100 gangland killings per year.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.C2)
1997        Sep 3, In Cambodia a Vietnam  Airlines, Tupelov 134, Soviet jet crashed on approach to Phnom Penh airport and killed 65 people. One child, 1-year-old Chanayuth Nim-Anong, survived. A 2nd child about 4 also survived.
    (WSJ, 9/3/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A12)(SFC, 9/5/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 3, In Columbia workers joined protests across the country to protest government privatization plans, for better wages, respect for human rights and an end to the guerrilla war.
    (SFC, 9/4/97, p.A12)

1998        Sep 3, President Clinton visited Omagh, Northern Ireland, walking down the street where a car bomb had killed 29, and offered his condolences to the families of the victims.
    (AP, 9/3/99)
1998        Sep 3, In St. Paul Khoua Her (24), a Hmong refugee from Laos, reported that she had strangled her 6 children ages 5-11. Police took her into custody after finding the 6 bodies. During the course of the investigation, police learned that Her had her first child at age 13 in a Thai refugee camp. In a plea deal, Khoua Her received 50 years in prison on six counts of second-degree murder.
    (SFC, 9/5/98, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/r6pje)
1998        Sep 3, Moody’s downgraded Brazil’s foreign-currency bonds to single B-2. This led to an 8.6% drop in Brazil’s stock market.
    (WSJ, 9/4/98, p.A9)

1999        Sep 3, NASA temporarily grounded its space shuttle fleet after inspections had uncovered damaged wires that could endanger a mission.
    (AP, 9/3/00)
1999        Sep 3, In Afghanistan the Taliban dropped cluster bombs on Taloqan and 9 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A13)
1999        Sep 3, In Canada at least 7 people were killed on a foggy patch of Highway 401 between Windsor and London as over 60 vehicles piled up.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A12)
1999        Sep 3, The East Timor election results were reported with 78.5% in favor of independence.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 3, A French judge closed a two-year inquiry into the car crash that killed Princess Diana, dismissing all charges against nine photographers and a press motorcyclist, and concluding the accident was caused by an inebriated driver.
    (AP, 9/3/00)
1999        Sep 3, Israel and the Palestinians, prodded by Madeleine Albright, agreed to a peace deal that called for finalizing borders in one year, the completion of Wye River land-for-security, and the release of 350 Palestinian prisoners.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 3, In Kosovo the UN announced that the German mark would be the official currency.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A13)
1999        Sep 3, In Russia Boris Yeltsin and his daughters were reported to be under investigation for taking bribes from Mabetex, an Italian firm that renovated the Kremlin.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A12)

2000        Sep 3, The presidential candidates squabbled over debate schedules as Republican George W. Bush announced he had accepted three prime-time sessions. Democrat Al Gore rejected the plan, saying the formats proposed by Bush could limit the audience and amount of face-to-face debate time.
    (AP, 9/3/01)
2000        Sep 3, In California 5.2 earthquake was centered in Napa and injured over 40 people.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 3, In Egypt a 2-day meeting of Arab League foreign ministers opened. Yasser Arafat said he would not accept a peace deal without control of Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.B10)
2000        Sep 3, In Israel Arjey Deri, former leader of the Shas Party, began a 3-year term for bribery and fraud.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.A8)
2000        Sep 3, In Lebanon elections were held for the remaining 65 seats of parliament. Hezbollah had agreed to accept only 12 seats in a coalition with the Shiite Amal Party. Parliamentary seats were apportioned according to religious denomination based on a census from 1932. Candidates backed by former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri gained a powerful majority.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, p.A18)(SFC, 9/4/00, p.B10)
2000        Sep 3, In Sri Lanka the government began “Operation Sunrise” against rebels in the Jaffna Peninsula.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 3, At the Vatican Pope John Paul II beatified Pope Pius IX and Pope John XXIII.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.A8)

2001        Sep 3, St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Bud Smith became the 16th rookie in modern history to throw a no-hitter, shutting down San Diego in a 4-0 win.
    (AP, 9/3/02)
2001        Sep 3, Four days into a world conference against racism, the United States and Israel walked out of the U.N. meeting in South Africa, accusing Arab nations of hijacking the summit as a platform to embarrass the Jewish state.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 9/3/02)
2001        Sep 3, Hewlett-Packard announced plans to buy Compaq Computer in a $25 billion stock swap. The bid was expected to eliminate as many as 15,000 jobs.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A1)(SFC, 9/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 3, FBI snipers shot and killed Grover T. Crosslin (47) at his Rainbow Farms campground in Vandalia, Mich., following a 4-day standoff. Crosslin was burning buildings on his property, which was the target of civil forfeiture proceedings. In 2006 Dean Kuipers authored “Burning Rainbow Farm: How a Stoner Utopia Went Up in Smoke.”
    (http://cannabisnews.com/news/17/thread17211.shtml)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.M3)
2001        Sep 3, In North Carolina a man died from a shark attack off the Outer Banks.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A3)
2001        Sep 3, Pauline Kael (82), film critic, died in Great Barrington, Mass. Her first 1953 movie review was published in City Lights, a small SF magazine. In 2011 Brian Kellow authored “Pauline Kael: A Life in the Dark.”
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A16)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D5)(AP, 9/3/02)(SSFC, 10/30/11, p.F1)
2001        Sep 3, In Chechnya an explosion tore through the headquarters of the Russian-backed government during a Cabinet meeting. One woman was killed.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 3, In France COGEMA, a state-owned uranium mining and fuel recycling firm led by Anne Lauvergeon, became Areva in a merger with Framatome, a maker of nuclear reactors.
    (www.freebase.com/view/en/areva)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.70)
2001        Sep 3, It was reported that scientists at the Max Planck Inst. for Biochemistry in Germany had affixed snail neurons to transistor chips and demonstrated communication.
    (SFC, 9/3/01, p.A4)
2001        Sep 3, In Jerusalem 4 bombs exploded on the streets and Israelis fired missiles into a Palestinian security building. Two Palestinians were killed during fighting in Hebron. In Jerusalem a suicide bomber, dressed as an Orthodox Jew, blew himself up on the Street of the Prophets.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A8)(SFC, 9/5/01, p.A8)
2001        Sep 3, The Mexican government announced the expropriation of 27 of 60 privately owned sugar mills from some $110 million. All were on the brink of bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A7)
2001        Sep 3, In Northern Ireland rioting broke out after Protestants screamed abuse and threw bottles at Catholic girls walking to Holy Cross Primary School through their Glenbryn-Ardoyne neighborhood. The 12-week protests ended Nov 24.
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A16)
2001        Sep 3, In Sierra Leone Pres. Ahmed Tejan Kabbah shook hands with RUF Gen. Issa Sesay in Koidu and declared himself convinced that the war was over.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 3, In South Korea the National Assembly passed a no confidence vote on Unification Minister Lim Dong Won, the chief architect of the “sunshine policy” towards North Korea, for being too conciliatory toward the North.
    (WSJ, 9/5/01, p.C1)

2002        Sep 3, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said the Bush administration had secret information supporting its claims that Saddam Hussein was close to developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2002        Sep 3, The US Senate opened debate on legislation creating a new Homeland Security Department.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2002        Sep 3, McDonald's announced it will use a new soy-corn oil to reduce the levels of trans fat and increase polyunsaturated fat in its fried products.
    (SFC, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 3, Louisiana State Univ. fired Dr. Steven J. Hatfill after the Justice Dept. said the school could not use him on grants funded by the agency. The firing came following FBI investigations of Hatfill and naming him as a "person of interest."
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 3, The DJIA fell 355 to 8308. Nasdaq fell 51 to 1263.
    (WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 3, W. Clement Stone (100), insurance tycoon who bankrolled former Pres. Nixon's races, died. Stone's self-help books included "The success system That Never Fails."
    (WSJ, 9/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.A27)
2002        Sep 3, Iraq said it was ready to discuss a return of U.N. weapons inspectors, but only in a broader context of ending sanctions and restoring Iraqi sovereignty over all its territory.
    (AP, 9/3/02)
2002        Sep 3, Israeli tank shells killed Bahir Eid (22) and Hussein Najar (22) residents of the village of Burin, a West Bank village.
    (AP, 9/3/02)
2002        Sep 3, Russia and China gave their backing to the Kyoto Protocol on cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.
    (AP, 9/3/02)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)

2003        Sep 3, President Bush signed legislation to begin free trade with Singapore and Chile.
    (AP, 9/3/04)
2003        Sep 3, US federal authorities raided the Bay Area laboratory Co-Operative (BALCO) for suspected steroids. On Oct 16 Olympic drug-testing officials announced that they believed the lab was a source for the steroid tetrahydrogestrinone (THG).
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 3, NY Attorney General Eliot Spitzer charged hedge fund Canary Capital with illegal mutual fund trading. Other funds were also named.
    (WSJ, 10/29/03, p.C1)
2003        Sep 3, Paul Hill, a former minister who said he murdered an abortion doctor and his bodyguard to save the lives of unborn babies, was executed in Florida by injection, becoming the first person put to death in the United States for anti-abortion violence.
    (AP, 9/3/04)
2003        Sep 3, The Bank of Canada cut interest rates by 25 basis points to 2.75 percent on because of lower-than-expected inflation as well as sagging growth.
    (Reuters, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 3, In China Typhoon Dujuan killed at least 32 people.
    (WSJ, 9/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 3, North Korea's parliament re-elected Kim Jong Il as the isolated country's top leader and approved his government's decision to "keep and increase its nuclear deterrent force" to counter what it calls a hostile U.S. policy.
    (AP, 9/3/03)
2003        Sep 3, In southern Russia at Pyatigorsk two bombs exploded under a student-filled commuter train, killing at least 4 people and wounding 44.
    (AP, 9/3/03)(SFC, 9/4/03, p.A6)

2004        Sep 3, US Medicare announced a 17.4% increase in premiums for doctor visits.
    (WSJ, 9/7/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 3, Former President Clinton was hospitalized in New York with chest pains and shortness of breath; he ended up undergoing heart bypass surgery.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2004        Sep 3, A California federal judge found Alvaro Rafael Saravia, a retired Salvadoran air force captain living in Modesto, liable in the 1980 slaying of Salvadoran archbishop Oscar Romero and ordered him to pay $10 million in damages.
    (AP, 9/4/04)(SFC, 9/4/04, p.B7)
2004        Sep 3, Economic ministers from the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations agreed to liberalize 10 sectors as a first step toward the creation by 2020 of a regional economic community akin to the European Union.
    (AP, 9/3/04)
2004        Sep 3, Libya signed an agreement to pay a total of $35 million US in compensation for 168 non-U.S. victims of a 1986 Berlin disco bombing.
    (AP, 9/3/04)
2004        Sep 3, Commandos stormed a school in southern Russia and battled Chechen separatist rebels holding hundreds of hostages, as crying children, some naked and covered in blood, fled through explosions and gunfire. Ultimately 334 people, including 186 children, were killed in the violence that ended a hostage standoff with militants in Beslan, Russia. 31 of 32 hostage takers were killed. 6 Chechens and 4 Ingush were identified among the hostage takers. In 2006 a woman died from her injuries in Beslan bringing the total deaths to 334.
    (SFC, 9/4/04, p.A1)(SFC, 9/7/04, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/10/04, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/07)
2004        Sep 3, In South Africa Johan Meyer (53), head of an engineering company, was charged with trafficking in nuclear-related materials that could be used to make weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 9/3/04)

2005        Sep 3, President Bush ordered more than 7,000 active duty forces to the Gulf Coast as his administration intensified efforts to rescue survivors and send aid to the hurricane-ravaged Gulf Coast in the face of criticism it did not act quickly enough.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, In Nevada over 35,000 people gathered in the Black Rock Desert for the 20th burning of the Burning Man.
    (SFC, 9/3/05, p.A25)
2005        Sep 3, US Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist (80), 33 years on the Supreme Court died in Arlington, Va. He oversaw the high court's conservative shift and presided over the impeachment trial of President Clinton.
    (AP, 9/4/05)(Econ, 9/10/05, p.83)
2005        Sep 3, Chinese President Hu Jintao postponed his official visit to Washington next week due to Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, An Egyptian court ruled that non-governmental groups will be allowed to monitor the nation's first multi-candidate presidential election next week.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, Volkswagen said it plans to cut 10,000 jobs from its workforce over the next few years as it reduces production.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, In eastern India 23 policemen and a civilian were killed in a powerful landmine blast triggered by suspected Maoist rebels in Chhattisgarh state.
    (Reuters, 9/6/05)
2005        Sep 3, Insurgents launched a series of assaults in Baquba, Kirkuk and Samarra, killing at least 28 people.
    (AP, 9/3/05)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A22)
2005        Sep 3, In Tlacotepec, Mexico, 75 miles north of Acapulco, fireworks stored at a building that also illicitly sold gasoline exploded, killing seven people and injuring four.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, Communist rebels in Nepal said that they were unilaterally suspending attacks for the next three months.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, Hamas' secretive military wing emerged from hiding, naming commanders and detailing how they attacked Israelis as part of a competition with the Palestinian Authority over who will get credit for Israel's pullout from Gaza.
    (AP, 9/3/05)
2005        Sep 3, The Gulf emirate of Qatar announced it will donate 100 million dollars to relief efforts for the US victims of Hurricane Katrina. The funds included a $17.5 million grant to Xavier University in New Orleans, which serves mostly black Americans.
    (AFP, 9/3/05)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.48)
2005        Sep 3, It was reported that Venezuela’s worker co-operatives under Pres. Chavez had increased from less than 1000 in 1998 to an estimated 67,000.
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.34)

2006        Sep 3, It was reported that 47% of US development aid is spent on overpriced technical assistance. 70% of US aid was contingent upon the recipient spending it on American stuff including American-made armaments. In total 86 cents of every dollar of US aid was said to be phantom aid, in that it never shows up in recipient countries.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.E1)
2006        Sep 3, Andre Agassi retired after losing the third-round match at the US Open.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2006        Sep 3, An apartment fire in Chicago killed six children ages 3 to 14.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2006        Sep 3, Nina Reiser (31) of Oakland, Ca., went missing. On Oct 10 police arrested Hans Reiser (42), her estranged husband on suspicion of murder. In 2008 Reiser confessed to strangling Nina in exchange for a reduced sentence and was sentenced 15 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/11/06, p.B1)(SFC, 8/30/08, p.B1)
2006        Sep 3, NATO and Afghan forces hit the Taliban with air strikes and artillery in Operation Medusa in southern Afghanistan. Four NATO soldiers, including 3 Canadians, and more than 200 insurgents were killed in the first two days of a major anti-Taliban operation under way in the Panjwayi district, about 10 miles from the city of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 9/3/06)
2006        Sep 3, Another 4 boats carrying 522 migrants from Mauritania reached the Canary Islands. This brought the total for 2 days to nearly 1200.
    (AP, 9/3/06)
2006        Sep 3, The SMART-1 spacecraft, Europe's first moon probe launched Sep 27, 2003, signed off its mission on schedule by crashing into the lunar surface, completing a project scientists hope will tell them more about the moon's origin.
    (Reuters, 9/3/06)(SSFC, 9/3/06, p.A5)
2006        Sep 3, Indonesia reported that 18% of its population of some 220 million are officially poor. The government benchmark was based on an income of $16.80 per month. Use of a $1 a day benchmark would raise the poverty number to over 80 million.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.53)(http://indonesiaupdate.org/2006/09/)
2006        Sep 3, Iraq's national security adviser said that Iraqi and coalition forces had arrested the second most senior figure in al-Qaida in Iraq. Hamed Jumaa Farid al-Saeedi, known as Abu Humam or Abu Rana, was captured north of Baghdad "along with another group of his aides and followers. A later report dated his capture to June 19. At least 16 Iraqis and two US soldiers were killed in bomb attacks and shootings nationwide. A US soldier died from wounds in Anbar province and 2 Marines were killed while fighting there.
    (AP, 9/3/06)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/6/06)
2006        Sep 3, In Pakistan Abdul Rahim Muslim Dost and his brother, Badruz Zaman Badar Dost, published “The Broken Shackles of Guantanamo,” an account of their 3 years in detention at the US prison. On Sep 29 Abdul was jailed by the Pakistani intelligence service in apparent response to criticism of the agency’s role in the US-led war on terrorism.
    (SFC, 12/28/06, p.A17)
2006        Sep 3, A bomb damaged a gas pipeline in southwestern Pakistan, cutting supplies to thousands of homes in the region.
    (AP, 9/3/06)
2006        Sep 3, In southeastern Turkey a remote-controlled bomb exploded in a tea garden, killing two people and wounding seven.
    (AP, 9/4/06)

2007        Sep 3, The Financial Times, citing unnamed officials, reported that the People's Liberation Army hacked into a computer system in the office of Defense Secretary Robert Gates in June. China denied the allegations.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 3, Jerry Lewis raised nearly $64 million during his annual Labor Day Telethon.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2007        Sep 3, Steve Fossett (b.1944), tycoon turned record seeker, disappeared in Nevada after flying from the Flying M Ranch, owned by billionaire Baron Hilton. In 2002 Fosset became the 1st person to fly around the world in a balloon. In 2006 Fossett authored his autobiography “Chasing the Wind.” A search was formally suspended on Oct 2. On Feb 15, 2008, an Illinois court declared him legally dead. In 2008 wreckage of his plane was found on Oct 1 in the rugged eastern mountains of California. 
    (SFC, 9/5/07, p.A8)(SFC, 9/15/07, p.A1)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.B5)(Econ, 2/23/08, p.106)(Reuters, 10/2/08)
2007        Sep 3, The SF Bay Bridge reopened 11 hours earlier than scheduled following the replacement of a section of the upper deck east of Treasure Island.
    (SFC, 9/4/07, p.A1)
2007        Sep 3, A fire began east of Morgan Hill, Ca., that burned 47,760 acres in and around Henry W. Coe State Park. Margaret Pavese was later charged with a misdemeanor for accidentally starting the fire when burning trash enar her cabin.
    (SFC, 9/27/07, p.B2)
2007        Sep 3, Hurricane Felix, having passed the Dutch islands of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire with little damage, rapidly strengthened into a dangerous Category 5 storm and churned toward Central America, where forecasters said it could arrive as a "potentially catastrophic" storm.
    (AP, 9/3/07)(SFC, 9/3/07, p.A17)
2007        Sep 3, In California temperatures headed back toward triple digits, the seventh day of a heat wave that has contributed to blackouts leaving thousands without air conditioning.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Climate change activists staged a break-in at an Australian power station as a pattern of guerrilla-style raids emerged ahead of a summit of Asia-Pacific leaders in Sydney.
    (AFP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Former Bangladesh PM Khaleda Zia and one of her sons were arrested on charges of corruption and misuse of power.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, A woman joined the protectors of the Crown Jewels as one of the famed Beefeaters of the Tower of London, becoming the first female Yeoman Warder since the corps of Tower guards was created in 1485.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Bulgaria donated $56.6 million in Soviet-era debt owned by Libya as its contribution to a deal that led to the release of 6 medics convicted of infecting Libyan children with HIV.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, In eastern China about 2,000 ex-soldiers took part in riots that began and spread over a 775-mile stretch in the cities of Baotou, Wuhan, and Baoji. Demobilized soldiers are frequently rewarded for their service with government jobs, and 6,000 of them were sent to 12 different railway schools in July for two years of training. However, they were angered by run-down dormitories, bad but expensive food and a lack of study materials, At least 20 people were injured and five arrested when riot police moved in to quell the disturbances.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 3, Congolese officials reported killing 28 soldiers loyal to Gen. Nkunda, a renegade army officer, in exchanges of machine gun and heavy weapons fire lasting several hours.
    (Reuters, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 3, President Nicolas Sarkozy said France and Jordan want to work "hand-in-hand" to help resolve crises in the Middle East, following talks with King Abdullah II.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, The French government tied up the long-delayed merger of Suez and state-owned Gaz de France, giving the country another world energy champion in a sector that Paris was eager to protect from foreigners.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Iraqi soldiers hoisted the nation's flag over the Basra palace compound after British troops withdrew from their last garrison in the city, leaving the country's second biggest city largely in the hands in the hands of Iranian-backed Shiite militias. In a statement posted on an Islamic Web site, the Islamic State of Iraq, made up of 8 insurgent groups, including al-Qaida in Iraq, said its leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi chose Mohammed Khalil al-Badria for the education position. The so-called 10-member "Islamic Cabinet" was set up in April to challenge the Iraqi government. President Bush made a surprise visit to al-Asad Air Base west of Baghdad, hoping to bolster his case that the buildup of US troops is helping stabilizing the country.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Ireland’s government said almost all the children who could not find elementary school places in a Dublin suburb this year were black.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Jamaica's main opposition won a narrow election victory, according to preliminary results, but Portia Simpson Miller, the country's first female prime minister, said the race was too close to call and the ruling party would not concede defeat.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 3, Takehiko Endo, Japan's scandal-hit farm minister, resigned dealing a fresh blow to PM Shinzo Abe just a week after he reshuffled his cabinet in the hope of cleaning up the government's image.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, In Lebanon troops exchanged fire with fleeing militants killing 4 and capturing 2.
    (SFC, 9/4/07, p.A14)
2007        Sep 3, A Lithuanian research center launched a Web site that allows the public to access original KGB documents online. The site kgbdocuments.eu contains working documents from various KGB departments, as well as descriptive articles on the activities of Soviet state security agencies in Lithuania from 1940 to 1991.
2007        Sep 3, In southwestern Nigeria at least 20 people were killed when a bus collided with a fuel tanker.
    (AFP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 3, A spokesman for North Korea's Foreign Ministry said the US has decided to remove North Korea from a list of terrorism-sponsoring states and lift sanctions against it.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, Panamanian President Martin Torrijos celebrated the start of construction on two wider sets of locks being added to both sides of the Panama canal.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Sudan in a bid to jumpstart the peace process in strife-torn Darfur ahead of a massive joint UN-African Union peacekeeping operation.
    (AFP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, A Thai court issued arrest warrants for former PM Thaksin Shinawatra and his wife over their alleged violations of stock-trading laws.
    (AP, 9/3/07)
2007        Sep 3, The Zimbabwean government completed its takeover of the country's leading cooking oil manufacturer by acquiring US food giant H.J Heinz's 49% stake for 6.8 million dollars.
    (AFP, 9/3/07)

2008        Sep 3, In St. Paul, Minn., Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin and her Republican supporters held back little as they issued dismissive attacks on Barack Obama and flattering praise on her credentials. Palin seduced many on television who had spent days doubting her VP candidacy.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 3, Albert J. Stanley (65), former Halliburton executive, pleaded guilty in Houston to orchestrating over $180 million in bribes to senior Nigerian government officials from 1995-2004 for the construction of liquefied natural gas facilities. The bribes began when Stanley worked for M.W. Kellogg, a unit of Dresser Industries that was acquired by Halliburton in 1998, when Dick Cheney served as CEO. Stanley also pleaded guilty to taking $10.8 million in kickbacks from a consortium of construction firms involved in the LNG contracts between 1992-2003. Stanley was sentenced to 7 years in prison and ordered to repay Halliburton $10.8 million.
    (WSJ, 9/4/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/5/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 3, Coca-Cola Co. announced a bid to acquire China Huiyuan Juice Group in a $2.4 billion.
    (WSJ, 9/4/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 3, In Pasadena, Texas, a suburb of Houston, Dannette Gillespie (38) orchestrated her daughter (15) and Vanessa Anne Ocampo (19) in the robbery and killing of Eugene Palma (75), which netted them $15. On Sep 7 all three were charged with murder.
2008        Sep 3, US Vice President Dick Cheney assured Azerbaijan of America's "abiding interest" in the region's stability. It was the first stop on a tour of three ex-Soviet republics that are wary of Russia's intentions after its war with Georgia last month.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 3, A US Navy ship loaded with humanitarian aid steamed through the Dardanelles on its way to Georgia, as the Bush administration prepared to roll out a $1 billion economic aid package for the ex-Soviet republic.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, In Australia police arrested a 66-year-old Catholic brother in connection with their probe into St. Stanislaus and a 63-year-old former teacher of another religious school in Bathurst that is also under investigation.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, Cyprus' rival Greek and Turkish leaders, Demetris Christofias and Mehmet Ali Talat, started new peace talks and said they hoped for a deal soon aimed at reuniting an island divided by war 34 years ago.
    (AP, 9/3/08)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.68)
2008        Sep 3, In Dagestan journalist Abdullah Alishayev died one day after he was attacked by armed gunmen.
2008        Sep 3, A helicopter carrying foreign contractors crashed into an oil platform off the coast of Dubai, killing all seven people on board and halting production in one of the emirate's four offshore oil fields.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 3, An Egyptian cargo ship with 25 crew was hijacked by pirates in the Gulf of Aden near Somalia, making it the 10th vessel to be hijacked in the area since July 20.
    (AP, 9/5/08)
2008        Sep 3, In Ethiopia an explosion rocked a bar in Addis Ababa, killing 4 people. 2 more died the next day.
    (AFP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 3, Tropical Storm Hanna drenched flood-plagued Haiti, adding to the miseries of a country that has lost more than 100 lives to mudslides and flooding since mid-August.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, A friendly fire shootout between Iraqi security forces and American soldiers killed six Iraqis in Tarmiyah, 30 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, Pakistan's government says a cross-border raid involving US-led or NATO forces killed several civilians. Women and children were among at least 20 people reportedly killed in the attack in Musa Nika village in South Waziristan near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/3/08)(SFC, 9/4/08, p.A8)
2008        Sep 3, In Somalia mortar shells slammed into Mogadishu as insurgents vowed to intensify attacks during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. At least 4 people were killed.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, Spanish authorities found 13 bodies and 46 survivors on a packed migrant boat near one of Spain's Canary Islands.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, In Sri Lanka fighter jets bombed two rebel boats off the northeast coast in the rebel stronghold of Mullaitivu, destroying one and causing heavy damage to the other.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, French President Nicolas Sarkozy encouraged Syria to pursue face-to-face peace talks with Israel during his first trip to the Arab nation, a visit also aimed at undercutting Iranian influence in Damascus.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 3, Swiss prosecutors said police have broken up an Internet child pornography ring operating in at least four European countries where men exchanged details about their contacts with young girls. In all investigators said they had identified 600 people in Germany, 40 in Austria, 13 in Switzerland and four in Liechtenstein using the forum.
    (AP, 9/3/08)
2008        Sep 3, Ukraine's Pres. Yushchenko ordered the creation of a new governing coalition and threatened fresh elections, accusing his rival prime minister and opposition parties of attempting a "constitutional coup."
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2009        Sep 3, Washington cut off millions of dollars in aid to Honduras. Interim Pres. Roberto Micheletti vowed that ousted Pres. Zelaya would not return to power despite increasing international pressure.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 3, The San Francisco Bay Bridge was completely shut down at 8pm to replace a 300-foot section of the bridge as part of the project to replace the entire eastern span by 2013. The bridge was expected to reopen on Sep 8. The original estimated cost of $132 million was now projected at $527.6 million.
    (SSFC, 8/30/09, p.A14)(SFC, 9/3/09, p.A1)
2009        Sep 3, The Ford Motor Co. settled a lawsuit filed by residents of a northern New Jersey town over toxic waste dumped there in the 1960s and '70s. Thousands of tons of paint sludge and other toxic material from Ford's old Mahwah factory were dumped in Ringwood, and residents sued in 2006 claiming that the waste led to illnesses ranging from skin rashes to cancer, and threatened the Wanaque Reservoir. The Record of Bergen County reported that residents of Ringwood will receive about $10 million.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 3, In the US Virgin Islands two ticket agent contractors who worked for Delta Airlines and an airport employee were arrested after being indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of conspiracy to smuggle illegal immigrants into the US.
    (AP, 9/5/09)
2009        Sep 3, Sergio Saucedo (30), a drug trafficker, was taken from his home in Horizon City, outside of El Paso, Texas. He was murdered and mutilated in Ciudad Juarez in retaliation for the loss of 700 pounds (315 kilos) of marijuana seized by border patrol agents. His body was found on Sep 8. On April 1, 2011, the West Texas Federal Court jury found Cesar Obregon-Reyes and Rafael Vega guilty of abducting Sergio Saucedo from his home.
    (AP, 3/20/10)(http://tinyurl.com/m7lpok)(AP, 4/2/11)
2009        Sep 3, SpaceX signed a contract worth $50 million with ORBCOMM, a satellite communications firm, to launch 18 satellites.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.87)
2009        Sep 3, The US Embassy in Afghanistan said it has banned alcohol and assigned American personnel to watch over the embassy's security guards following allegations of lewd behavior and sexual misconduct at their living quarters.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, In Australia millionaire Michael McGurk (45), a Scottish-born property developer, was gunned down in front of his son (10) outside their exclusive Sydney home. In 2007 McGurk had unsuccessfully tried to sue the Sultan of Brunei over an alleged eight million US dollar agreement to buy a 400-year-old gold-lined miniature Koran.
    (AFP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 3, Hundreds of Chinese protested deteriorating public safety after a series of mysterious syringe attacks further unnerved residents in the western Chinese city of Urumqi where ethnic rioting in July killed nearly 200 people.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, EU regulators launched an antitrust probe into US software maker Oracle Corp.'s takeover of Sun Microsystems Inc., saying they wanted to make sure Oracle was committed to developing Sun's rival open-source database software MySQL.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, The government of Gabon declared the eldest son of the late dictator Omar Bongo the winner of weekend presidential elections, triggering a rampage in a coastal city and allegations of fraud. Interior Minister Jean-Francois Ndongou said Ali Bongo, the country's defense minister who campaigned from a private jet and plastered the capital with billboards, won with 41.7% of the vote. The top two opposition leaders — Andre Mba Obame and Pierre Mamboundou — were nearly tied, receiving 25.8% and 25.2% of the vote respectively.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, In India heavy rain triggered a landslide in Sakinaka, a densely populated suburban Mumbai slum killing at least 12 people and injuring 25 others. Many others remained trapped under piles of mud and stones.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 3, In Iraq a car bomb apparently targeting Osama al-Tikriti, the leader of Iraq's largest Sunni political party (the Iraqi Islamic Party), wounded four people in Baqouba. The politician escaped unharmed. Police arrested Adnan al-Obeidi, the deputy transport minister, after he was allegedly filmed taking a bribe in a sting operation. Police had filmed al-Obeidi accepting a $100,000 bribe from a company doing work at the Baghdad airport.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, In Iraq Ahmed Hashim Abed, suspected of masterminding the March 31, 2004, attack on Blackwater guards, was captured in a covert operation by US Navy SEALs. Abed later alleged that he was beaten by US Navy SEALs. In 2010 two of the 3 accused Navy SEALs were acquitted. Petty Officer 2nd Class Matthew McCabe, of Perrysburg, Ohio, the SEAL charged with assaulting Abed, was scheduled to be court-martialed May 3, 2010, in Virginia.
    (AP, 4/22/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yd5smcb)(AP, 4/23/10)
2009        Sep 3, Japan’s Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co. said it is acquiring US drug maker Sepracor Inc., which makes insomnia drug Lunesta, for about $2.6 billion in an effort to expand in the US market.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, In Kazakhstan a court convicted Yevgenii Zhovtis of vehicular manslaughter and sentenced him to 4 years in prison. Zhovtis, Kazakhstan’s best known human rights activists, claimed he had been blinded by the lights of an oncoming car when he hit a hit and killed a pedestrian on a country road late at night.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.46)
2009        Sep 3, Myanmar-born Kyaw Zaw Lwin, an American citizen also known as Nyi Nyi Aung, was arrested when he arrived at Yangon airport. Lwin started a hunger strike on Dec. 4 to protest conditions of political prisoners in Myanmar. He ended his hunger strike Dec. 15 and was subsequently placed in solitary confinement. On Jan 1, 2010, Lwin was charged for forgery and violation of the foreign currency act. Lwin (40) was released on March 18, 2010.
    (AP, 12/29/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AFP, 3/18/10)
2009        Sep 3, Russian’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Andrei Nesterenko warned Georgia that attempts to block ships from reaching a Moscow-aligned separatist region of Georgia could end in military intervention.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, Rwanda's state radio reported that Alfred Mukezamfura, former speaker of parliament, was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for inciting hatred during the 1994 genocide in which some 800,000 people died. Mukezamfura fled the country in March to Belgium where he has sought asylum.
    (AFP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, In central Serbia a series of explosions at an underground ammunition factory in Uzice killed at least seven people and injured 15.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 3, In Thailand a bomb hidden in a motorcycle parked outside a row of open-air shops and restaurants in Pattani city exploded, killing a Buddhist man and wounding 24 others.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, A water rights battle over the historic Tigris and Euphrates rivers simmered, as Iraq and Syria appealed for increased water flows to cope with severe drought but Turkey said it was already too overstretched.
    (AP, 9/3/09)

2010        Sep 3, A weakened Hurricane Earl delivered only a glancing blow to North Carolina's Outer Banks on its way up the East Coast, flooding roads on the narrow vacation islands and knocking out power but staying farther offshore than feared.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, BP Plc successfully replaced a failed blowout preventer from atop its ruptured Gulf of Mexico oil well.
    (Reuters, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, SF-based Craigslist yielded to pressure and removed its controversial adult services section. On Sep 15 Craigslist said the shutdown was permanent.
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.A1)(AFP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 3, The Basel Committee of int’l. bank regulators agreed on a new set of rules, known as Basel 3, with requirements for banks liquidity and capital.
    (Econ, 10/9/10, SR p.16)
2010        Sep 3, In Barbados 2 men burst into a clothing store in downtown Bridgetown and demanded money before setting the building on fire and killing at least 6 people. On Sep 13 Police said 2 men, Renaldo Anderson Alleyne (21) and Jamar Bynoe (19), had been arrested and charged with six counts of murder, aggravated burglary, and arson in the attack. The island has not executed anyone since 1984. On June 1, 2011, Alleyne pleaded guilty to six counts of manslaughter. Bynoe faced similar charges but his case had not yet gone to trial.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/13/10)(AP, 6/2/11)
2010        Sep 3, In Belarus the editor a popular opposition website was found dead amid an ongoing crackdown on government critics and independent media. The body of Oleg Bebenin (36) was found in his country house outside Minsk.
    (AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, Brazil's state-run oil company Petrobras unveiled a huge share offering which could raise 64 billion dollars to help finance new exploration projects in the country.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Britain and France announced they are talking about sharing the cost of military aircraft programs, but rejected reports that they plan to merge their aircraft carrier fleets.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, In southern England cellist Mike Edwards (62), a founding member of the Electric Light Orchestra (ELO) band, died after the 600 kg (1,323 lb) bale rolled down a steep field in Devon, smashed through a hedge and careered on to the road.
    (Reuters, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 3, Chad health officials said an outbreak of cholera in the Central African nation has killed at least 41 people.
    (AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, A UPS Boeing 747-400 cargo plane with two crew members on board crashed shortly after takeoff outside Dubai. The 2 crew members, Captain Doug Lampe (48) of Louisville, Kentucky, and First Officer Matthew Bell (38) of Sanford, Florida. were killed. On Nov 5 al Qaeda's Yemen-based wing claimed responsibility for the crash, even though the United Arab Emirates' civil aviation authority said that there was no evidence of an explosive device aboard the jet.
    (AP, 9/4/10)(AP, 9/5/10)(Reuters, 11/5/10)
2010        Sep 3, A court in Essen, Germany, that has been overseeing months of wrangling over the rent to be paid for 120 Karstadt stores, agreed that investor Nicolas Berggruen (49) could snap up the iconic chain, saving it from bankruptcy and safeguarding 25,000 jobs.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Finland and Sweden urged the European Union to create an independent peace institute to broaden the scope of the bloc's peacekeeping efforts around the world.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, In Accra, Ghana, Standard Bank Africa announced at an agricultural forum a 100 million dollar scheme to reach some 750,000 small scale farmers in Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda in a bid to boost output.
    (AFP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, In eastern India police found the body of a policeman in a remote forested district 150 km (100 miles) from the Bihar state capital Patna. A handwritten note found near the body said: "We will kill the three other policemen and send their bodies soon." The rebels had seized 4 men during a raid on security forces last week that left 10 policemen dead.
    (AFP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, The Iraqi National Alliance, a powerful Iranian-backed Shiite bloc, added a third man to the political wrangling by naming Adel Abdul-Mahdi, Iraq's Shiite vice president, their candidate for the job.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Japan imposed new sanctions against Iran, including an assets freeze on people and entities linked to its contentious nuclear program and tighter restrictions on financial transactions.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Kenya allowed the International Criminal Court to open an office in the country, a development that comes after Kenya's commitment to the court came into question when the nation hosted Sudan's indicted leader last week.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, In southern Lebanon explosions ripped through a building that might have been used to store weapons by the militant group Hezbollah.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, In Lesotho Thomas Maresco (24), a US Peace Corps volunteer, was shot and killed in an apparent robbery attempt.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 3, In Mexico five suspected cartel members were killed in Nuevo Leon state, during a shootout on a highway leading to the border.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Two members of Mexico’s Congress were among six people killed on when their private plane crashed near a popular Pacific beach resort. Guillermo Zavaleta and Juan Huerta, members of President Felipe Calderon's National Action Party, or PAN, died in the crash in Huatulco in the state of Oaxaca.
    (Reuters, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, Police in Mozambique fired rubber bullets and live ammunition to quell more demonstrations against rising food prices. The death toll from the unrest soon climbed to 13 with more than 440 injured. The government said the economy has lost more than $3 million because of the deadly riots, as state media reported new protests in two other towns.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)(AFP, 9/6/10)
2010        Sep 3, In Pakistan a suicide bombing targeting religious minorities killed at least 65 people in Quetta. A suicide attack on a mosque belonging to the minority Ahmadi sect killed at least one person and wounded several others in the northwest town of Mardan. Suspected US missiles killed five people in a tribal region near the Afghan border. A bomb was detonated by remote control as officers patrolled in Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (AP, 9/3/10)(AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 3, A Portuguese court found six men and one woman guilty of crimes relating to child sex abuse in a major trial that lasted nearly six years. All seven defendants were found guilty of crimes including sexually abusing minors and adolescents, raping children and running a pedophile ring at the Casa Pia, a state-run children's home in Lisbon during the 1990s.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Russia’s Emergencies Ministry said 8 people have been killed and 400 houses set ablaze in the latest wave of the forest fires plaguing the country. The fires were most intense in the Volgograd region, where 380 houses were burned in 20 populated areas. In Saratov, 20 houses burned.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, An AU official said African Union peacekeepers have established nine new bases in Somalia's capital in recent months and will help develop Somali government forces to defeat al-Qaida-linked Islamist insurgents.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, In Tajikistan a suicide car bomb blast tore through police offices in Khujand,  the country’s second-largest city, killing one policeman and injuring 25 people.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2011        Sep 3, Heavy rains from Tropical Storm Lee were falling in southern Louisiana and pelting the Gulf Coast as the storm's center trudged slowly toward land, where businesses were already beginning to suffer on what would normally be a bustling holiday weekend.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Oakland, Ca., hosted its first Int’l. Cannabis & Hemp Expo and offered an area for those with a valid cannabis card to ingest, smoke or vaporize their pot.
    (SFC, 9/2/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 3, In Afghanistan officials said NATO forces killed a child and a shopkeeper who were caught up in a firefight between a military patrol and a gunman in Kandahar. NATO said that one of its service members was killed in an insurgent attack in the south but did not say if it was the same incident. , Afghan and NATO troops assaulted the house of former Guantanamo inmate Sabar Lal Melma in Jalalabad. Malma was shot dead by soldiers after he confronted them with an AK-47. 3 visiting Afghan men were arrested.
    (AP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 3, English Defense League far-right protesters clashed with London police during a demonstration held despite a ban on marches in six parts of Britain's capital.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Chile's Pres. Sebastian Pinera met with student, university and teachers' union leaders for nearly four hours in the government palace, and all those involved decided to keep negotiating in search of a solution to the country's conflicts over education reform.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Cuba’s Gen. Julio Casas Regueiro (b.1936), the defense minister since 2008, died. The former accountant fought in Cuba's revolution, then used his training to run the military's lucrative economic enterprises for two decades before becoming defense minister.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Witnesses said Egypt's military has started to close smuggling tunnels to Gaza, amid Israeli warnings of plans by Gazan militants to attack the Jewish state through Egyptian territory.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, German police in the western city of Dortmund moved in after members of a roughly 1,000-strong group of "left-wing extremists" attacked officers and police vehicles. Thousands of demonstrators had turned out in Dortmund to protest against a planned march by far-right supporters. Police said about 400 people turned out for the far-right event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, A Greek official said at least four people died on a half-sunk inflatable craft carrying illegal migrants off the country's western coast. Eleven others were found alive.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, The Indian government signed a pact with the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) one of its oldest rebel groups to end militant violence in the restive northeastern state of Assam and pave the way for peace talks.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)   
2011        Sep 3, Typhoon Talas cut across western Japan leaving at least two people dead and five missing after heavy rains and fierce winds.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, A Jordanian father shot and killed his 24-year-old widowed daughter in hospital after she gave birth to twins.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 3, A young Kurdish shepherd was killed by an Iranian sniper on the Iraq-Iran border. Iran also shelled the border area, appearing to target bases of the Iranian Kurdish rebel group PEJAK, which has been involved in sporadic cross-border clashes with Iranian forces in recent years.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Libya’s new civilian leaders put all military commanders in Tripoli under their control in an effort to reign in Islamist influence and paper over internal tensions.
    (SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 3, In Nigeria unknown gunmen stormed a mainly Christian-dominated community overnight and hacked eight members of a family to death in Tatu.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 3, In the Philippines villagers and veteran hunters in Bunawan township in Agusan del Sur province captured a one-ton saltwater crocodile which they plan to make the star of a planned ecotourism park.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 3, Sudan's government shut down all the offices of the country's largest opposition party, the SPLM-North, charging that it was not a legally represented political party. The SPLM-North vowed to fight for regime change through armed struggle and mass protests, and called for international support. The UN refugee agency said some 16,000 people have fled across the Sudan’s border to Ethiopia since fighting erupted on Sep 1.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, The Swaziland government sought a court injunction to block a week of planned pro-democracy protests in the southern African kingdom where political parties are banned.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 3, Syrian security forces searching for an alleged high-profile defector from President Bashar Assad's regime killed two people near the town of Maaret al-Numan in the northern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, Around 50 expatriated Syrian Kurds gathered in Sweden for a two-day conference on how to strengthen Kurds inside Syria and get them more involved in efforts to overthrow Bashar al-Assad's regime.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Sep 3, In Tajikistan leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2012        Sep 3, Democrats unveiled a party platform at their national convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, that echoes President Barack Obama's call for higher taxes on wealthier Americans while backing same-sex marriage and abortion rights.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Minnesota the Black Bear Casino Resort near Carlton cooked up a world-record bacon cheeseburger that's 10 feet in diameter and weighed a record 2,014 pounds. It included 60 pounds of bacon, 50 pounds of lettuce, 50 pounds of sliced onions, 40 pounds of pickles and 40 pounds of cheese.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 3, Valero Energy Corp. announced that it will convert its shuttered oil refinery on the southern Caribbean island of Aruba into a fuel storage facility, leaving hundreds of employees jockeying for positions at the downsizing operation.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, African-American actor Michael Clarke Duncan (b.1957) died in Los Angeles, where he was being treated for a heart attack. His dozens of films included an Oscar-nominated performance as a death row inmate in "The Green Mile" and such other box office hits as "Armageddon," ''Planet of the Apes" and "Kung Fu Panda.”
    (AP, 9/3/12)(SFC, 9/4/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 3, In Afghanistan the international military coalition said one of its service members has died in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Algeria's water resources minister, Abdelmalek Sellal, was named prime minister by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Argentina's tax agency imposed more rules on purchases outside the country.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Burundi Aloys Nzabampema, ex-leader of the former rebel National Liberation Forces, claimed responsibility for a weekend attack near the capital and announced the creation of a new FNL faction.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, CAR officials said that Gen. Baba Ladde, a rebel leader from Chad known by his nickname "The Father of the Bush," has turned himself in to authorities in the capital of the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Colombia Griselda Blanco (69), a convicted drug trafficker who was once known as the "Godmother" and the "Queen of Cocaine," was shot to death by an unidentified gunman at a butcher shop in Medellin.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 3, Cuba raised import duties on cargo shipments, as well as on many bulk goods brought in by airline passengers. The steep hike in customs duties took effect, catching many air travelers unaware and leaving some shocked at the new fees.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, A Hong Kong-owned company, National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS), said it has completed the acquisition of bankrupt car maker Saab and will move ahead with its business plan to make electric cars under the Swedish brand.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Lebanon a smoking ban in all closed public spaces, including coffee shops, restaurants and bars, went into force under new legislation that promises hefty fines for lawbreakers.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Madagascar officials said villagers have killed nearly 100 cattle thieves in a wave of weekend attacks in southern areas of the Indian Ocean island plagued by rustling.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Police in Northern Ireland fired plastic bullets and water cannon on rioters late today in a second night of sectarian clashes between Catholics and Protestants. 47 officers were injured in the overnight clashes.
    (Reuters, 9/4/12)(SFC, 9/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 3, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber rammed a US consulate vehicle in Peshawar, killing at least two people in the deadliest attack targeting Americans in the country in more than two years.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, South African police and security guards fired rubber bullets and tear gas at sacked gold miners who were attacking colleagues to block them from working. Police said four people were wounded at the Gold Fields mine that used to be partially owned by the president's nephew. Lonmin warned that a nearly four week strike at its mine was threatening 40,000 jobs, as the government moved to calm jitters in the sector.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, South Korean Unification Church patriarch Sun Myung Moon (92) died near his home in Gapyeong County.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Syria Government warplanes bombed the northern town of al-Bab killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, Tanzania journalist Daudi Mwangosi of Channel Ten TV was reported killed in a confrontation with police who were clashing with rallying supporters of the country's biggest opposition party.
    (AP, 9/3/12)
2012        Sep 3, In Thailand Vorayuth Yoovidhya (27), a grandson of the creator of the Red Bull energy drink, was arrested for driving a Ferrari that struck a police officer and dragged his dead body down a Bangkok street in an early-morning hit-and-run.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)

2013        Sep 3, In northern California the supervisors of Siskiyou County voted 4-1 to secede from the rest of the sate. They hoped to revitalize the 1941 regional secessionist movement to form the new state of Jefferson.
    (SFC, 9/5/13, p.A1)
2013        Sep 3, In Ohio Ariel Castro, sentenced to life in prison for the kidnapping, rape and beatings of three Cleveland women he held captive in his house for a decade, was found hanged in his prison cell. Authorities later said his death may have been due to autoerotic asphyxiation. Consultants later said he committed suicide by hanging.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)(SFC, 12/4/13, p.A7)
2013        Sep 3, Former NBA star Dennis Rodman flew to North Korea to hang out with authoritarian leader Kim Jong Un, have a good time and bridge some cultural gaps — but not to be a diplomat.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, Ronald Coase, British-born US economist, died in Chicago. He was awarded the Nobel prize in 1991. His 1960 article, "The Problem of Social Cost," was the basis for the famous Coase Theorem. It suggests that well-defined property rights could overcome non-market forces.
    (AFP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, In northern Bosnia some 140 miners barricaded themselves 250 meters below ground at a mine and threatened to go on hunger strike in a row over recruitment and pay.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, Egypt’s interim Pres. Adli Mansour, in his first televised interview, said “the era of pharaonic rule is over” as he explained why he has lifted a legal ban against insulting Egypt’s leader.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.51)
2013        Sep 3, Egyptian helicopter gunships fired rockets at militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 8 and injuring 15 others in an ongoing campaign to put down Islamic radicals who have escalated attacks in the largely lawless region.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, An Egyptian military official says a military tribunal has sentenced 11 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to life imprisonment and 45 others to five years in prison over charges of assaulting army troops during riots on Aug 14 and 16 in Suez city.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, A Cairo court ordered the closure of four television channels, including Al-Jazeera Egypt and Ahrar 25, a network belonging to the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AFP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, An Indian report said a woman dies at the rate of almost one an hour in disputes over how much her family has paid in dowry for her marriage.
    (SFC, 9/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 3,  In Iraq shootings and a car bombing in and south of Baghdad killed at least 67 people.
    (AP, 9/4/13)(SFC, 9/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 3, Japan’s government announced that it will spend $470 mikllion on a subterranean ice wall and other steps to stop leaks of radioactive water from the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant. One of the country’s two remaining working nuclear reactors was taken offline, with the other to be shut down later this month and no restarts in sight amid public hostility to nuclear power.
    (SFC, 9/4/13, p.A4)(AFP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, Romania launched a criminal inquiry against Alexandru Visinescu (88), a communist jail commander from the 1960s, who is accused of crimes against humanity.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, Syrian forces seized the strategic northern town of Ariha, in a move that would open the supply line between the coastal stronghold and pockets of army control in a region that is largely rebel controlled.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, The Syrian opposition said a Syrian forensic medicine expert with evidence that Pres. Bashar al-Assad's administration used chemical weapons in an attack near Aleppo in March has defected to Turkey.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, Former Syrian Defense Minister General Ali Habib, a senior member, a prominent member of President Bashar al-Assad's Alawite sect, defected and crossed into Turkey.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 3, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich urged parliament to pass laws to underpin the country's pro-Europe drive, even as Russia renewed pressure on Kiev to halt its westward course.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, In Venezuela a blackout hit much of the country including the capital Caracas, but the oil industry was not affected and the government said it expected power to be restored within hours.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, In Yemen 6 suspected al-Qaida militants and 2 citizens fighting them were killed in separate clashes between members of the terror group and armed residents who repelled attempts to retake their communities in Yafaa and Lawder in southern Lahj and Abyan province.
    (AP, 9/3/13)

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