Today in History - September 4

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c522BC    Sep 4, Pindar (d.~443), Greek poet, was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1094)(MC, 9/4/01)

1024        Sep 4, Conrad II (the Sailor) was chosen as German king.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1207        Sep 4, Boniface of Montferrat, leader of the 4th Crusade, was ambushed and killed by the Bulgarians.
    (Nationmaster.com)

1260        Sep 4, At the Battle of Montaperto in Italy, the Tuscan Ghibellines, who supported the emperor, defeated the Florentine Guelfs, who supported papal power.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1383        Sep 4, Amadeus VIII, duke of Savoye, and the last antipope (Felix V (1439-48), was born.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1479        Sep 4, After four years of war, Spain agreed to allow a Portuguese monopoly of trade along Africa's west coast and Portugal acknowledged Spain's rights in the Canary Islands.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1553        Sep 4, Cornelia da Nomatalcino, a monk who converted to Judaism, was burned at the stake.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1564        Sep 4, A 10-ship Spanish fleet under Pedro Menendez de Aviles made landfall in Florida. Menendez was under orders from Phillip II to oust the French.
    (Arch, 1/05, p.47)

1609        Sep 3-4, Henry Hudson discovered the island of Manhattan. The exact date is not known.
    (MC, 9/3/01)(www.hudsonriver.com)

1682        Sep 4, English astronomer Edmund Halley saw his namesake comet.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1768        Sep 4, Vicomte François René de Chateaubriand, French writer, novelist (Atala) and chef who gave his name to a style of steak, was born.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(MC, 9/4/01)

1781        Sep 4, Mexican Provincial Governor, Felipe de Neve, founded Los Angeles. He founded El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles (Valley of Smokes), originally named Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, by Gaspar de Portola, a Spanish army captain and Juan Crespi, a Franciscan priest, who had noticed the beautiful area as they traveled north from San Diego in 1769. 44 Spanish settlers named a tiny village near San Gabriel, Los Angeles. Los Angeles, first an Indian village Yangma, was founded by Spanish decree. 26 of the settlers were of African ancestry.
    (HFA, '96, p.38)(AP, 9/4/97)(SFEC, 4/12/98, Par p.20)(HN, 9/4/98)(SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.4)(HN, 9/4/00)(MC, 9/4/01)

1787        Sep 4, Louis XVI of France recalled parliament.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1790        Sep 4, Jacques Necker was forced to resign as finance minister in France.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1802        Sep 4, A French aeronaut dropped eight-thousand feet equipped with a parachute.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1807        Sep 4, Robert Fulton began operating his steamboat. [see Aug 17]
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1810        Sep 4, Donald McKay, US naval architect, built fastest clipper ships, was born.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1820        Sep 4, Czar Alexander declared that Russian influence in North America extended as far south as Oregon and closed Alaskan waters to foreigners.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1824        Sep 4, Anton Bruckner, composer and Wagner disciple, was born in Austria.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1833        Sep 4, Barney Flaherty (10) answered an ad in "The New York Sun" and became the first newsboy, later called a paperboy.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1838        Sep 4, Henrietta d'Angeville (1794-1871) became the 1st woman to climb to the top of Mt. Blanc, France. In 1808 mountain guides had carried Marie Paradis, a local serving girl, to the top.
    (ON, 4/04, p.1)

1842        Sep 4, Work on Cologne cathedral resumed after 284-year hiatus.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1846        Sep 4, Daniel Burnham, US architect, city planner and builder of skyscrapers, was born.
    (HN, 9/4/00)(MC, 9/4/01)

1862        Sep 4, Robert E. Lee's Confederate 50,000-man army invaded Maryland, starting the Antietam Campaign. New York Tribune reporter George Smalley scooped the world with his vivid account of the Battle of Antietam.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(MC, 9/4/01)

1864        Sep 4, Bread riots took place in Mobile, Alabama.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1870        Sep 4, At news of Sedan, Paris workers invaded the Palais Bourbon and forced the Legislative Assembly to proclaim the fall of the Empire. Emperor Louis Napoleon III was overthrown in a bloodless coup. The 3rd French Republic was proclaimed in Paris and a government of national defense was formed.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(ON, 9/06, p.12)(www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1882        Sep 4, Thomas Edison displayed the first practical electrical lighting system. He successfully turned on the lights in a one square mile area of New York City with the world’s 1st electricity generating plant.
    (MC, 9/4/01)(WSJ, 9/17/01, p.R6)

1886        Sep 4, Elusive Apache leader Geronimo (1829-1909) surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles (1839-1925) at Skeleton Canyon, Ariz. This ended the last major US-Indian war.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(ON, 10/06, p.4)

1888        Sep 4, George Eastman received patent #388,850 for his roll-film camera and registered his trademark: "Kodak." George Eastman introduced the box camera.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.273)(AP, 9/4/97)(MC, 9/4/01)

1892        Sep 4, Darius Milhaud, Aix-en-Provence France, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1893        Sep 4, Beatrix Potter, English author, first told the story of Peter Rabbit in the form of a "picture letter" to Noel Moore, the son of Potter's former governess. A 2nd illustrated letter the same month later became “The Tale of Jeremy Fisher." The “Tale of Peter Rabbit" was published in 1901.
    (HN, 9/4/00)(AP, 9/4/04)(Econ, 1/6/07, p.67)

1894        Sep 4, Some 12,000 tailors in New York City went on strike to protest the existence of sweatshops.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1904        Sep 4, Dali Lama signed a treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1905        Sep 4, Mary Renault (Mary Challans), author who wrote about her wartime experiences in “The Last of the Wine" and “The King Must Die," was born. She also wrote “Funeral Games."
    (HN, 9/4/98)(MC, 9/4/01)

1907        Sep 4, Edvard Hagerup Grieg (64), Norwegian composer (Peer Gynt Suite), died.
    (WUD, 1994, p.622)(MC, 9/4/01)

1908        Sep 4, Richard Wright (d.1960), novelist who wrote about the abuses of blacks in white society, best known for “Native Son" (1940), was born near Natchez, Miss.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.61)(AP, 9/4/08)

1912        Sep 4, Alexander Liberman, editor, painter and photographer (639), was born.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1914        Sep 4, General von Moltke ceased German advance in France.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1915        Sep 4, Rudolf Schock, German opera and operetta tenor, was born.
    (MC, 9/4/01)
1915        Sep 4, The U.S. military placed Haiti under martial law to quell a rebellion in its capital Port-au-Prince.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1917        Sep 4, The American expeditionary force in France suffered its first fatalities in World War I when a German plane attacked a British-run base hospital.
    (AP, 9/4/08)

1918        Sep 4, Paul Harvey, conservative radio commentator, was born in Tulsa, Okla.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)

1920        Sep 4, Craig Claiborne, food critic, food columnist (NY Times Cookbook) and cookbook author, was born.
    (HN, 9/4/00)(MC, 9/4/01)
1920        Sep 4, Maggie Higgins, the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize (1951) for international reporting, for her work in Korean war zones, was born.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1923        Sep 4, Noel Coward's revue "London Calling," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1939        Sep 4, German troops stormed into Danzig (Gdansk).
    (MC, 9/4/01)
1939        Sep 4, The Nazis marched into Czestochowa, Poland, two days after they invaded Poland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cz%C4%99stochowa)
1939        Sep 4, The Polish ghetto of Mir was exterminated.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1941        Sep 4, German submarine U-652 fired at the U.S. destroyer Greer off Iceland, beginning an undeclared shooting war.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1942        Sep 4, Soviet planes bombed Budapest in the war's first air raid on the Hungarian capital.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1943        Sep 4, Allied troops captured Lae-Salamaua, in New Guinea.
    (HN, 9/4/98)
1943        Sep 4, British 8th army landed at Taranto in South Italy.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1944        Sep 4, British troops liberated Antwerp, Belgium.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1945        Sep 4, US regained possession of Wake Island from Japan. The American flag was raised on Wake Island after surrender ceremonies there.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(MC, 9/4/01)

1948        Sep 4, Queen Wilhelmina abdicated the Dutch throne for health reasons.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1950        Sep 4, The Beetle Bailey cartoon appeared for the 1st time in syndication. Beatle Bailey, the laziest private in the army, was created by Mort Walker.
    (USAT, 8/31/00, p.1D)(SFC, 6/18/96, p.B2)
1950        Sep 4, The 1st helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines.
    (www.rafmuseum.org.uk/milestones-of-flight/world/1950.html)
1950        Sep 4, A heavy typhoon struck Japan and killed about 250 people.
    (www.todayinhistory.com/s75-9-04-event-results.html)

1951        Sep 4, President Truman addressed the nation from the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco in the first live, coast-to-coast television broadcast. The broadcast was carried by 94 stations.
    (AP, 9/4/97)(HN, 9/4/98)
1951        Sep 4, Juozas Luksa (b.1921), aka “Skirmantas" or “Daumantas," Lithuanian partisan, was killed by Soviet counterintelligence. In 2003, director Jonas Vaitkus released a movie based on his life, “Utterly Alone."
    (VilNews, 5/10/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juozas_Luk%C5%A1a)

1954        Sep 4, The 1st passage of McClure Strait, fabled Northwest Passage, completed.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1957        Sep 4, Arkansas National guardsmen turned away Black students from Central High School in Little Rock. 9 students made it into the school on September 24 under the protection of federal troops sent by Pres. Eisenhower. In 2007 Elizabeth Jacoway authored “Turn Away Thy Son: Little Rock, the Crises That Shocked the Nation."
    (AH, 10/07, p.61)
1957        Sep 4, Ford Motor Co. introduced the 1958 Edsel. It was designed by Roy Brown and sold only 173,000 units through 1960.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, p.D12)(AP, 9/4/97)

1959        Sep 4, "Mack the Knife" was banned from radio -- at least from WCBS Radio in New York City. The ban was due to teenage stabbings in NYC.
    (MC, 9/4/01)

1965        Sep 4, Beatles' "Help!" single went #1 for 3 weeks.
    (MC, 9/4/01)
1965        Sep 4, Philosopher, musician, doctor, theologian and humanitarian Albert Schweitzer died in Lambaréné, Gabon. Born near Alsace, Germany, in 1875, Schweitzer decided to devote himself to providing health care to people in Africa at the age of 30. Schweitzer and his wife Hélène moved to Gabon in 1913 and opened a hospital in Lambaréné, which he later expanded with money from the Nobel Peace Prize he was awarded in 1952. Schweitzer also spoke out against the dangers of nuclear weapons, became an organist and expert on Johann Sebastian Bach, and served as a church pastor and university professor. He lived by the principle of "reverence for life."
    (HNPD, 9/4/98)

1967        Sep 4, Michigan Gov. George Romney told a TV interview he'd undergone a "brainwashing" by U.S. officials during a 1965 visit to Vietnam, a comment that apparently damaged Romney's bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1968        Sep 4, In the Republic of Congo, Brazzaville, an army coup deposed Pres. Masemba-Debat.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)

1969        Sep 4, The US Food and Drug Administration issued a report calling birth control pills safe, despite a slight risk of fatal blood-clotting disorders linked to the pills.
    (AP, 9/4/99)
1969        Sep 4, In California Gov. Ronald Reagan signed the first no-fault divorce package into law, effective January 1, 1970.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, Z1 p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No-fault_divorce)
1969        Sep 4, In Brazil Fernando Gabeira helped kidnap the US ambassador in Rio, Charles Elbrick (d.1983), to protest the military dictatorship. Elbrick was released unhurt four days later, but Gabeira was banned from entering the US.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Burke_Elbrick)

1970        Sep 4, Natalia Makarova (b.1940), Russian ballet dancer, requested asylum while on tour in Britain.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A20)(www.abt.org/education/archive/choreographers/makarova_n.html)
1970        Sep 4, Salvador Allende Gossens (1908-1973) won the presidential election in Chile. A week later in Washington Henry Kissinger discussed a "covert action program" to oust Allende.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Allende)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.D1)

1971        Sep 4, "The Lawrence Welk Show" was seen for the last time on ABC-TV. A week later it opened on the Lawrence Welk Network.
    (www.accordionusa.com/fe_01_07.htm)
1971        Sep 4, An Alaska Airlines jet crashed near Juneau, killing 111 people.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1972        Sep 4, The TV game show "The Price Is Right" returned with Bob Barker and continued for 35 seasons. A nighttime version also began this year hosted by Dennis James (1917-1997) up to 1977.
    (SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_James)
1972        Sep 4, U.S. swimmer Mark Spitz won a record seventh Olympic gold medal in the 400-meter relay at the Munich Summer Olympics.
    (AP, 9/4/97)
1972        Sep 4, In San Francisco the Playland-at-the-Beach amusement park was bulldozed on Labor Day Weekend. Playland shut its gates and some 40 Fascination tables were transferred to a Market Street arcade. Fascination was invented by John Gibbs of Los Angeles and combined the skill of bowling with the luck of Bingo. The head of Laughing Sal was stolen on closure and turned up in 2004.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/14/04, p.B2)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F6)(SFC, 5/31/08, p.B2)

1973        Sep 4, William E Colby (1920-1996), became the 10th director of the CIA.
    (http://ngothelinh.tripod.com/wcolby.htm)

1974        Sep 4, The US & German DR established diplomatic relations.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6xdex7)
1974        Sep 4, General Creighton Williams Abrams, US commander in Vietnam (1968-1972), died in Washington DC of lung cancer. In 2005 the “Vietnam Chronicles: The Abrams Tapes" transcribed and edited by Lewis Sorley was published.
    (WSJ, 3/18/05, p.W6)

1981        Sep 4, David Brinkley (1920-2003) ended an illustrious 38-year career with NBC News this day. ABC had offered him an opportunity too good to refuse.
    (http://tinyurl.com/38bq4z)

1984        Sep 4, Canada's Progressive Conservatives, led by Brian Mulroney, won a landslide victory in general elections over the Liberal Party of Prime Minister John N. Turner.
    (AP, 9/4/04)

1987        Sep 4, A Soviet court convicted West German pilot Mathias Rust of charges stemming from his daring flight to Moscow's Red Square, and sentenced him to four years in a labor camp. He was released the following August.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1988        Sep 4, Officials in Bangladesh reported that floods had inundated three-quarters of their impoverished nation, claiming at least 882 lives. Monsoon floods left over 3,000 dead this year.
    (AP, 9/4/98)(SFC, 8/13/02, p.A15)

1989        Sep 4, The US Air Force launched its last Titan 3 rocket, which reportedly carried a reconnaissance satellite. Since 1964, the Titan 3 had sent more than 200 satellites into space.
    (AP, 9/4/99)
1989        Sep 4, Georges Simenon (86), Belgian/French writer and director (Maigret), died. The Belgian born writer, authored some 200 novels. Many featured the crime-busting hero Inspector Maigret.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.D5)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/simenon.htm)

1990        Sep 4, The air evacuation of Western women and children stranded in Iraq and Kuwait resumed, with 25 Americans among the nearly 300 who made it to Jordan.
    (AP, 9/4/00)

1991        Sep 4, South African President F.W. de Klerk proposed a new constitution that would allow blacks to vote and govern; the African National Congress rejected the plan, charging it was designed to maintain white privileges.
    (AP, 9/4/01)

1992        Sep 4, The US government reported the nation's unemployment rate had edged down to 7.6 percent in August 1992, but also said adult joblessness had worsened slightly and the economy had lost thousands of crucial manufacturing jobs.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1993        Sep 4, The Fatah faction of the PLO endorsed a peace accord with Israel.
    (AP, 9/4/98)
1993        Sep 4, Pope John Paul II launched the first papal visit to the former Soviet Union as he began a tour of the Baltic republics.
    (AP, 9/4/98)
1993        Sep 4, Herve Hillechaize (50) died in Los Angeles. The Fantasy Island actor shot himself to death.
    (AP, 9/4/98)

1994        Sep 4, On the eve of a U.N.-sponsored conference on population in Cairo, Egypt, Vice President Al Gore told NBC the United States was seeking a blueprint for world population growth that rejected abortion as a family planning tool and an international right.
    (AP, 9/4/99)

1995        Sep 4, Attorney William Moses Kunstler (b.1919) died in NYC. The UCLA attorney spoke out for the politically unpopular in a controversial career and defended the Chicago 7.
    (SFC, 4/8/96, p.A3)(www.nndb.com/people/218/000025143/)
1995        Sep 4-1995 Sep 7, Hurricane Luis hit the Virgin Islands.
    (NH, 10/96, p.60)(www.nhc.noaa.gov/1995luis.html)
1995        Sep 4, The Fourth World Conference on Women opened in Beijing with more than 4,750 delegates from 181 countries.
    (AP, 9/4/00)

1996        Sep 4, The Smashing Pumpkins rock group won 7 MTV music awards including Best Video for “Tonight, Tonight," and Best Alternative Music Video for 1979.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.B4)
1996        Sep 4, Actor Jack Lemon, Singer Johnny Cash, playwright Edward Albee, saxophonist Benny Carter and ballet dancer Maria Tallchief were the recipients of the Kennedy Center Honors for their life work in the performing arts.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.B2)
1996        Sep 4, Whitewater prosecutors had Susan McDougal held in contempt for refusing to tell a grand jury whether President Clinton had lied at her trial.
    (AP, 9/4/97)
1996        Sep 4, Anti-aircraft fire lit up the skies of Baghdad, hours after the United States fired a new round of cruise missiles into southern Iraq and destroyed an Iraqi radar site. The US again launched Tomahawk cruise missiles at Iraqi air defense sites. The 2nd launch was deemed a success after the first launch failed to destroy intended targets. The Tomahawks were made by Hughes Aircraft Co. and cost about $1 mil apiece. Kurdish leader Barzani wrote a latter to Sec. of State Christopher Warren and asked that the US mediate. 44 cruise missiles were launched over 2 days plus a rocket from an F-16 fighter.
    (AP, 9/4/97)(SFC, 4/9/96, A1)(SFC, 9/5/96, p.A8)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A8)
1996        Sep 4, In Columbia the government will require businesses with a net worth of more than 85k to buy war bonds to finance the war against leftist rebels.
    (WSJ, 9/4/96, p.A1)
1996        Sep 4, In the Congo authorities found 200 slaughtered elephants in a marsh of the National Park of Odzala.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)
1996        Sep 4, France said it will stop changing its clocks twice a year.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)
1996        Sep 4, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu met with Palestinian leader Arafat and agreed to pursue a peace settlement.
    (WSJ, 9/5/96, p.1)

1997        Sep 4, A trio of Buddhist nuns acknowledged in Senate testimony that their temple outside Los Angeles illegally reimbursed donors after a fund-raiser attended by Vice President Al Gore and later destroyed or altered records to avoid embarrassment.
    (AP, 9/4/98)
1997        Sep 4, It was reported that scientists have pinpointed the gene, Torsin 1, responsible for dystonia, a condition marked by uncontrolled movements.
    (SFC, 9/4/97, p.A6)
1997        Sep 4, In Algeria 22 people were killed in El Arbi. Their throats were slit and bodies burned.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 4, In Cuba an explosion shook 3 tourist hotels and one Italian tourist was killed. Raul Ernesto Cruz Leon (25) of Salvador was arrested and accused of carrying out a half-dozen hotel attacks. He worked for Luis Posada Carriles, who was supported by the Cuban-American National Foundation. Cruz was sentenced to death in 1999. In 2010 Cuba's Supreme Court commuted the death sentence ruling that he should serve 30 years in prison instead. Francisco Chavez Abarca of El Salvador was later arrested and sentenced to 30 years in prison for planting some of the bombs.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A12)(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/3/10)(SFC, 5/24/11, p.A2)
1997        Sep 4, In Israel a triple suicide bombing in a mall in the heart of Jerusalem claimed the lives of seven people, including the three assailants.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A1)(AP, 9/4/98)
1997        Sep 4, From Kenya it was reported that the unemployment rate was 35%.
    (SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)
1997        Sep 4, In Turkey 33 people were killed when 2 buses collided near Ankara. Turkey has the highest incidence of road traffic deaths with 2,713 killed in the first 7 months of this year.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.A12)

1998        Sep 4, During a visit to Ireland, President Clinton said the words "I'm sorry" for the first time about his affair with Monica Lewinsky, describing his behavior as indefensible.
    (AP, 9/4/99)
1998        Sep 4, In NYC the Million Youth March ended in a wild melee as police rushed the speaking platform after the event ran minutes over the allotted time. An estimated 20,000 people were in attendance. Mayor Giuliani later supported the police action at the rally where 6,000 people had gathered. Some 3,000 officers were massed in the area. A grand jury was later asked to investigate.
    (SFEC, 9/6/98, p.A3)(SFC, 9/7/98, p.A3)(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 4, In Yarmouth Harbor, New Brunswick, the new Incat 046 catamaran collided with a fishing dragger and killed Captain Clifford Hood (33). The new ferry carried up to 900 passengers and 240 cars from Bar Harbor, Maine, to Yarmouth across the Bay of Fundy at 50 mph. Travel time was cut in half from 6.5 hours for the 105 mile run.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A3,5)
1998        Sep 4, In Nevada two Air Force helicopters crashed during training and all 12 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 9/5/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 4, In Brazil the Central Bank raised interest rates from 20 to 30%.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.D2)
1998        Sep 4, In Osasco, Brazil, near Sao Paulo a Universal Church roof collapsed and killed at least 23 people and injured 500.
    (SFEC, 9/6/98, p.A19)
1998        Sep 4, Flooding and mudslides in India was reported to have killed over 2,000 this year.
    (WSJ, 9/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 4, Former Rwandan Prime Minister Jean Kambanda was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the 1994 killings of Tutsis and moderate Hutus.
    (SFC, 9/5/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 4, Ukraine clinched a $2.2 billion IMF loan and announced a de facto currency devaluation for its hryvnia to between 2.5 and 3.5 to the dollar.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A23)

1999        Sep 4, In NYC the 2nd Million Youth March headed by Khalid Abdul Muhammad was attended by 1-2 thousand people and watched over by 1,400 police officers.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A2)
1999        Sep 4, Martin R. Frankel, a Connecticut money manager, accused of cheating insurance companies in five states out of more than $200 million, was arrested in at the Hotel Prem in Hamburg, Germany.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A6)(AP, 9/4/00)
1999        Sep 4, In Dagestan a car bomb killed at least 22 people at a Russian military housing block in Buinaksk. The death toll son expanded to 64. Russian officials believed that Khattab, a Jordanian operating in Chechnya, ordered the bombing. In 2000 5 suspects were charged in the bombing. In 2001 six men were convicted. In 2004 Magomed Salikhov was arrested in Baku for his role in the bombing. In Feb, 2006, Salikhov was acquitted of organizing the explosion, but was sentenced to over 4 years in prison for membership a rebel group. The Russian Supreme Court overturned the acquittal on June 15 and ordered the investigation to be reopened. A Dagestan jury acquitted Salikhov on Nov 10.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A12)(SFC, 9/7/99, p.A12)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A16)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.C1)(SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)(AP, 11/13/04)(AP, 6/15/06)(AP, 11/11/06)
1999        Sep 4, Ethiopia claimed that the proposed outline for the implementation of a peace plan contradicted an original agreement regarding the withdrawal of Eritrea's forces. Eritrea the next day took the statement as "tantamount to a declaration of war."
    (SFC, 9/7/99, p.A14)
1999        Sep 4, At Sharm El-Sheikh (Sharm Al Sheik), Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Authority Pres. Yasser Arafat signed a new deal that ceded West Bank land to the Palestinians and set up a timetable for peace.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A21)
1999        Sep 4, In East Timor pro-Indonesia militia took control of much of the country in defiance of the election results hours after the United Nations announced that residents had overwhelmingly voted for independence from Indonesia. A dozen people were reported killed in Dili.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A11)(AP, 9/4/00)

2000        Sep 4, In Australia a Beechcraft King Air 200 plane crashed near Mount Isa after flying for 6 hours on autopilot. 8 people were killed and believed to have blacked out after loss of cabin pressure following takeoff from Perth.
    (SFC, 9/6/00, p.A11)
2000        Sep 4, French investigators announced that a stray length of metal which had gashed a tire of a supersonic Concorde, leading to a fuel tank fire and the plane's fatal crash the previous July, probably came from a Continental Airlines plane that had taken off on the same runway four minutes earlier.
    (AP, 9/4/01)
2000        Sep 4, In France farmers along with and truckers and taxi drivers protested high fuel costs with demonstrations at 80 facilities.
    (SFC, 9/5/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 4, In Sri Lanka the government “Operation Sunrise" left some 144 government soldiers and over 230 rebels dead along with some 766 wounded.
    (SFC, 9/5/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 4, In Uganda at least 41 people died when an overloaded ferry sank in Lake Albert, 140 miles north of Kampala.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.D2)

2001        Sep 4, President Bush opened the door to a future cut in the capital gains tax, but said he first wanted to see the effects of the previous spring's income tax cut.
    (AP, 9/4/02)
2001        Sep 4, Texas Republican Phil Gramm announced he would leave the U.S. Senate at the end of his third term, following fellow conservatives Jesse Helms and Strom Thurmond into retirement.
    (AP, 9/4/02)
2001        Sep 4, The US and Mexico agreed on small measures to improve food safety, enhance law enforcement and fight money laundering as Pres. Fox came to visit with Pres. Bush.
    (SFC, 9/5/01, p.A3)
2001        Sep 4, SF Bay Area BART reached a tentative agreement with its 2 largest unions. An injunction against a strike was ordered the next day against the AFSCME.
    (SFC, 9/6/01, p.A13)
2001        Sep 4, Police shot and killed Rolland Rohm (28) at the Rainbow Farms campground in Vandalia, Mich., after he allegedly pointed a weapon at an officer. The campground had been set up for marijuana advocates. Owner Grover T. Crosslin was killed by FBI snipers a day earlier.
    (SFC, 9/5/01, p.A5)(http://cannabisnews.com/news/17/thread17211.shtml)
2001        Sep 4, In the Bahamas a fire destroyed Bay Street businesses in Nassau’s Straw Market.
    (WSJ, 9/6/01, p.A1)

2002        Sep 4, President Bush promised to seek Congress' approval for "whatever is necessary" to oust Saddam Hussein including using military force.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 4, Secretary of State Colin Powell was heckled by dozens of activists on the closing day of the World Summit in South Africa as he defended America's record on the environment and helping the developing world.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 4, Texas cocktail waitress and aspiring pop star Kelly Clarkson was voted the first "American Idol" at the conclusion of the Fox TV series.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2002        Sep 4, In California it was reported that the Phytophthora ramorum microbe, responsible for sudden oak death, had infected the coastal redwood saplings.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 4, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai announced a new currency to replace the array of inflated banknotes issued by the Taliban and regional warlords. Warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, a former US ally, called for a jihad against US forces.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 4, China reported that flooding had killed 1,532 people this year.
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 4, Colombian authorities reported the break up of an international kidnapping ring organized by the nation's second-largest rebel group to fund its insurgency. The leader of the ring was captured in July, and authorities have arrested his successor and other rebels within the last couple of days, said Gen. Reynaldo Castellanos. The crime network was run out of Bogota by members of the National Liberation Army. It included leftist groups from Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Mexico that kidnapped people and stole cars, among other crimes.
    (AP, 9/5/02)
2002        Sep 4, In Puerto Rico US Navy security officers fired tear gas at protesters who hurled rocks over a fence during bombing exercises on the island of Vieques.
    (AP, 9/5/02)
2002        Sep 4, The World Summit on Sustainable Development closed with just a handful of small victories and some promising new initiatives. Colin Powell was heckled and the US was viewed as a key obstacle to setting firm targets on many issues. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), an anti-corruption scheme to oversee oil production, was launched by UK PM Tony Blair, at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, SA.
    (AP, 9/5/02)(SFC, 9/5/02, p.A10)(www.osi-az.org/eitiabout.shtml)

2003        Sep 4, Pres. Bush signed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) into law. It required the collection of data on sexual abuse in prison and the creation of a commission to recommend ways of prevention.
    (Econ, 8/6/05, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison_Rape_Elimination_Act_of_2003)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.32)
2003        Sep 4, Miguel Estrada, whose nomination became a flash point for Democratic opposition to President Bush's judicial choices, withdrew from consideration for an appeals court seat after Republicans failed in seven attempts to break a Senate filibuster.
    (AP, 9/4/04)
2003        Sep 4, The US House agreed to a 2.2 percent pay raise for Congress, enough to boost lawmakers' annual salaries to about $158,000 next year.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2003        Sep 4, Verizon Communications and two unions, the Communications Workers of America and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, reached a tentative, five-year contract agreement after four months of talks.
    (AP, 9/4/04)
2003        Sep 4, Researchers reported that the hormone YY3-36 appeared to curb the appetite of obese people.
    (SFC, 9/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 4, British and Colombian authorities said they had seized nearly $7 billion in securities from an international drug and money-laundering ring. Authorities arrested 14 alleged members of the ring, 10 in England, two in Colombia and two in Ecuador.
    (AP, 9/4/03)
2003        Sep 4, Mario Monteforte Toledo, Guatemalan writer and activist, died. His work included the 1952 novel "En Donde Acaban los Caminos" (Where the Roads End).
    (SFC, 9/5/03, p.A23)

2004        Sep 4, Hurricane Frances ripped apart roofs, shattered windows and flooded neighborhoods as it raged through the Bahamas leaving 2 people dead.
    (AP, 9/5/04)
2004        Sep 4, A gunfight broke out in a church in a cocaine-producing region of southern Colombia, leaving at least three people dead and 14 wounded.
    (AP, 9/5/04)
2004        Sep 4, India's PM Singh said his government was ready to talk to any militant group, including those in Kashmir, abandoning previous preconditions that the rebels must first disarm.
    (AP, 9/4/04)
2004        Sep 4, Insurgents clashed with American and Iraqi troops in northern Iraq, and local officials said eight Iraqis were killed and more than 50 wounded. A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb outside a police academy in the northern city of Kirkuk as hundreds of trainees and civilians were leaving for the day, killing 17 people and wounding 36. Saboteurs blew up an oil pipeline in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 9/4/04)(SSFC, 9/5/04, p.A3)
2004        Sep 4, Lebanese lawmakers amended their constitution to keep pro-Syrian President Emile Lahoud in office, boldly reaffirming their loyalty to Damascus and defying a U.N. resolution calling for presidential elections.
    (AP, 9/4/04)
2004        Sep 4, A shaken President Vladimir Putin made a rare and candid admission of Russian weakness after more than 330 people were killed in a hostage-taking at a southern school.
    (AP, 9/4/05)

2005        Sep 4, US Health and Human Services Secretary Michael Leavitt said the death toll from Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath is in the thousands.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, In New Orleans police killed at least 4 people who shot at contractors. The official Louisiana state death toll stood at 59 but the number was expected to rise to thousands.
    (SFC, 9/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 4, European Union and NATO said the US has asked for emergency assistance, requesting blankets, first aid kits, water trucks and food for the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, In southern Afghanistan 13 suspected Taliban fighters were killed in fighting with US and Afghan forces in Kandahar province. More than 40 suspected militants were arrested.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Sep 4, In France fire ripped through a high-rise apartment building south of Paris, killing 16 people, two of them children. 4 people were detained in connection with the suspected arson attack. 3 teenage girls confessed to starting the fire.
    (AP, 9/4/05)(AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Sep 4, In Iraq US troops killed 7 insurgents in Tal Afar, including six who fired at the Americans from a mosque.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Sep 4, The oil-rich Persian Gulf state of Kuwait said it will donate $500 million in aid to U.S. relief efforts after Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, In Nepal police fired tear gas and used bamboo batons to stop pro-democracy demonstrators from marching into the capital's center, arresting former PM Girija Prasad Koirala (80) and dozens of other protesters.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, Pakistan's opposition called for a country-wide strike to press their demand for the resignation of President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, Russian President Vladimir Putin sacked navy chief Admiral Vladimir Kuroyedov. The military faced criticism over its handling of a mini-submarine accident last month.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, Saudi Arabia said it had signed a bilateral free trade agreement with the US.
    (www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_article=2640)
2005        Sep 4, In eastern Saudi Arabia police fought running gun battles with al-Qaida militants in Dammam in clashes that killed two extremists and a police officer. The militants aimed to attack oil facilities.
    (AP, 9/4/05)(WSJ, 2/25/06, p.A1)
2005        Sep 4, In Turkey a group of nationalist Turks attacked dozens of buses carrying pro-Kurdish demonstrators with stones, following violent clashes between Kurdish demonstrators and police in Istanbul.
    (AP, 9/4/05)

2005        Sep 4, US Health and Human Services Secretary Michael Leavitt said the death toll from Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath is in the thousands.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, In New Orleans police killed at least 4 people, who allegedly shot at contractors. The official Louisiana state death toll due to Hurricane Katrina stood at 59 but the number was expected to rise to thousands. In 2008 federal officials opened an investigations into shootings on the Danziger Bridge where 2 people were killed and 4 wounded. In 2010 former Lt. Michael Lohman pleaded guilty to conspiring to obstruct justice. He and others filed false reports to make the shootings on the Danziger Bridge seem justifiable. On April 16, 2010, officer Robert Barrios was charged with conspiring to obstruct justice in relation to the bridge shootings.
    (SFC, 9/5/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/1/08, p.A5)(SFC, 2/25/10, p.A4)(SFC, 4/17/10, p.A4)
2005        Sep 4, European Union and NATO said the US has asked for emergency assistance, requesting blankets, first aid kits, water trucks and food for the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, In southern Afghanistan 13 suspected Taliban fighters were killed in fighting with US and Afghan forces in Kandahar province. More than 40 suspected militants were arrested.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Sep 4, In France fire ripped through a high-rise apartment building south of Paris, killing 16 people, two of them children. 4 people were detained in connection with the suspected arson attack. 3 teenage girls confessed to starting the fire.
    (AP, 9/4/05)(AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Sep 4, In Iraq US troops killed 7 insurgents in Tal Afar, including six who fired at the Americans from a mosque.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
2005        Sep 4, The oil-rich Persian Gulf state of Kuwait said it will donate $500 million in aid to U.S. relief efforts after Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, In Nepal police fired tear gas and used bamboo batons to stop pro-democracy demonstrators from marching into the capital's center, arresting former PM Girija Prasad Koirala (80) and dozens of other protesters.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, Pakistan's opposition called for a country-wide strike to press their demand for the resignation of President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, Russian President Vladimir Putin sacked navy chief Admiral Vladimir Kuroyedov. The military faced criticism over its handling of a mini-submarine accident last month.
    (AP, 9/4/05)
2005        Sep 4, Saudi Arabia said it had signed a bilateral free trade agreement with the US.
    (www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_article=2640)
2005        Sep 4, In eastern Saudi Arabia police fought running gun battles with al-Qaida militants in Dammam in clashes that killed two extremists and a police officer. The militants aimed to attack oil facilities.
    (AP, 9/4/05)(WSJ, 2/25/06, p.A1)
2005        Sep 4, In Turkey a group of nationalist Turks attacked dozens of buses carrying pro-Kurdish demonstrators with stones, following violent clashes between Kurdish demonstrators and police in Istanbul.
    (AP, 9/4/05)

2006        Sep 4, Tropical storm Ernesto soaked the East Coast of the US claiming 6 lives and left 19,000 customers in the new York area without power.
    (WSJ, 9/5/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 4, In south-central Montana a wildfire had spread across 180,000 acres, over 280 sq. miles, since it was sparked by lightning on Aug 22. It was only 20% contained.
    (SFC, 9/5/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 4, In Newry, Maine, 4 people were found killed at the Black Bear Bed & Breakfast. The victims were shot and then dismembered. Christian Nielsen (31), a resident at the inn for 2-months, was arrested. The dead included owner Julie Bullard (65), her daughter Selby (30), her friend Cindy Beatson (43), and Arkansas resident James Whitehurst.
    (SFC, 9/8/06, p.B2)
2006        Sep 4, In Berkeley, Ca., Nicholas Beaudreaux shot and killed Wayne Drummond in front of Blake’s Restaurant. In 2009 Lamar Crowder (21) pleaded no contests to voluntary manslaughter and testified against Beaudreaux (23), who was convicted of first-degree murder in the shooting.
    (SFC, 7/9/09, p.D2)
2006        Sep 4, In southern Afghanistan 2 US warplanes accidentally strafed their own forces, killing one Canadian soldier and seriously wounding five others. A British soldier attached to NATO was also killed in a Kabul suicide bombing, which left another four Afghans dead. 16 suspected Taliban militants and five Afghan police died in separate Afghan violence.
    (AP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, Steve Irwin (44), world-famous Australian "crocodile hunter" and television environmentalist, was killed by a stingray blow to the chest while filming a documentary on the Great Barrier Reef. His "Crocodile Hunter" show, in which the adventurer appeared in his trademark khaki shorts and shirt, was first broadcast in 1992 and has been shown around the world on the Discovery cable network ever since.
    (AFP, 9/4/06)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.82)
2006        Sep 4, Global press titan Rupert Murdoch launched a new free title: thelondonpaper, a 48-page color paper, dominated by gossip and real-life stories, in the city centre. The first free paper in London was launched seven years ago, in 1999. Metro, a daily morning paper published by Associated Newspapers, has a circulation of around a million copies in the capital and 13 other big towns.
    (AFP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, In CongoDRC a boat overloaded with passengers and freight sank in choppy waters on Lake Kivu, killing at least 35 people.
    (AP, 9/5/06)
2006        Sep 4, In Cyprus 3 British holidaymakers were charged with willful manslaughter over the death of a Cypriot teenager in a hit-and-run accident in the coastal resort of Protaras last month. A rented Opel "repeatedly rammed" the moped in what police described as a revenge attack following a fight outside a Protaras disco in which a friend of the accused was beaten up.
    (AFP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, In Egypt a passenger train collided with a cargo train north of Cairo, killing 5 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, In France the Airbus A380, the world's largest passenger jet, took off with a full load of passengers for the first time. Carrying 474 Airbus employees, the 308-ton jet left from Toulouse, southern France, on the first of four test flights.
    (AP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, In Iraq a popular Iraqi soccer star was kidnapped. 33 bullet-riddled bodies were found in Baghdad and 2 more in Kut. At least two people also were killed and six were wounded in and around Baqouba. Two suicide bombers slammed into a checkpoint on the outskirts of Baghdad, killing an Iraqi soldier and wounding eight. Gunmen in Ramadi killed Maj. Gen. Mohammad Thumeil, who had served in former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's military. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad, while a 2nd soldier died of non-combat related injuries. 2 US Marines and one sailor were killed in fighting Anbar province.
    (AP, 9/4/06)(AP, 9/5/06)
2006        Sep 4, Nabeel Ahmed Issa al-Jaourah opened fire on tourists near a popular Roman ruins site in Jordan's capital, killing Christopher Stokes, a British man, and wounding five other foreigners and a local police officer. Police overpowered and arrested the attacker at the scene. Al-Jaourah was sentenced to death in December.
    (AP, 9/4/06)(AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Sep 4, In Lebanon US civil rights leader Rev. Jesse Jackson met with Hezbollah officials and called on them to show proof that two captured Israeli soldiers are still alive. A UN spokesman said Secretary-General Kofi Annan has agreed to requests by Hezbollah and Israel that he mediate in negotiations over the release of two abducted Israeli soldiers. Qatar announced that it would contribute 200 to 300 troops to the UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon, making the Persian Gulf state the first Arab country to commit soldiers to the peace effort in Lebanon.
    (AP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, Philippine marines clashed with nearly 200 al-Qaida-linked rebels on Jolo Island. 6 government troops were killed and 19 wounded in the monthlong US-backed offensive. In Dec the military said Khaddafy Janjalani, head of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf, was killed in the fighting and that his remains had been found. DNA evidence confirmed his death.
    (AP, 9/4/06)(AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 1/20/07)
2006        Sep 4, Somalia's weak government and an Islamic militia that controls much of the south signed an agreement to eventually form a unified national army.
    (AP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapakse said security forces had captured Sampur, a key town used by Tamil Tigers to target artillery at a major naval port. Rajapakse urged the rebels to return to peace talks.
    (AFP, 9/4/06)
2006        Sep 4, Sudan said it would allow African troops to remain in Darfur only under African Union control and accused Washington of attempting "regime change" in Khartoum by trying to bring in a UN force.
    (Reuters, 9/4/06)

2007        Sep 4, US President George W. Bush arrived in Sydney for a regional summit with the city locked down in the biggest security operation in Australian history.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, Mattel Inc.'s reputation took another hit after the world's largest toy maker announced a third major recall of Chinese-made toys in little more than a month because of excessive amounts of lead paint.
    (AP, 9/5/07)
2007        Sep 4, In Florida Broward County Sheriff Ken Jenne resigned after agreeing to plead guilty to federal tax evasion and mail fraud charges.
    (SFC, 9/5/07, p.A3)
2007        Sep 4, New York city’s first Arab-language school opened.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.36)
2007        Sep 4, 5-nation war games began in the Bay of Bengal. Indian and US aircraft carriers launched fighter jets into the air as American submarines cruised below Japanese, Australian and Singaporean warships.
    (AP, 9/6/07)
2007        Sep 4, Afghan security forces in overnight fighting said they have killed Mullah Mateen, a Taliban commander alleged to be behind the July kidnappings of 23 South Korean church workers. The Taliban denied the dead man was one of their militants. Up to 27 other insurgents were also slain. Taliban spokesman Qari Yousef Ahmadi said 7 insurgents were killed in the clash, all of them ordinary fighters. He said the Taliban had no commander called Mullah Mateen, and said he did not know who the government was referring to. Afghan and coalition soldiers in Shah Wali Kot district, in southern Kandahar province, came under attack while on patrol. They fought back before calling in air support and over a dozen insurgents were killed in the engagement. About 18 miles away, insurgents sheltering in a traditional low-walled Afghan compound attacked another joint patrol. Airstrikes later pounded the position, killing six insurgents.
    (AP, 9/4/07)(AP, 9/5/07)
2007        Sep 4, In Australia 2 Indonesians were jailed over a people-smuggling operation to bring 83 Sri Lankans into Australia. The two pleaded guilty to smuggling 83 Sri Lankans into Australian waters in February near Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.
    (AFP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, A skirmish near the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh killed two Azerbaijani soldiers and three Armenian troops.
    (AP, 9/5/07)
2007        Sep 4, A Eurostar train shattered the record for the quickest rail journey between Paris and London, using a new high-speed track that shaved some 30 minutes off the previous fastest time. The 306 mile (492 kilometer) journey from the Gare du Nord in Paris to Saint Pancras took just two hours, three minutes and 39 seconds from station to station.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, Most of London's sprawling transport network shut down after maintenance workers walked off the job, arousing commuter anger and drawing warnings the strike will inconvenience millions of Britons. Subway maintenance workers agreed to cut short the strike.
    (AP, 9/4/07)(AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, Jane Tomlinson (43), terminal cancer sufferer, died in London following a 7-year battle against the disease. Tomlinson had raised thousands of pounds after being diagnosed with terminal breast cancer by taking on a series of grueling physical challenges.
    (AFP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper suspended Parliament and reconvened a new session on October 16, setting up a vote of confidence in his minority Conservative government that could trigger an election.
    (Reuters, 9/5/07)
2007        Sep 4, An official said China's environmental watchdog has closed down 400 factories since it started a national campaign in July to tackle water pollution.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, Rangers and 300 villagers abandoned a gorilla reserve in eastern Congo as government soldiers battled troops loyal to a renegade general in sections of Virunga park. The UN said ten thousand Congolese refugees have fled to neighboring Uganda following clashes between the Congolese army and renegade troops in its eastern provinces.
    (Reuters, 9/4/07)(AP, 9/4/07)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.52)
2007        Sep 4, Denmark's intelligence service arrested eight Islamic militants linked to leading al-Qaida figures, and said the suspects were plotting an attack involving explosives.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, It was reported that Ethiopian authorities plan to kill tens of thousands of stray dogs in the capital using strychnine-laced meat, saying they want to eradicate rabies before next week's celebration of the Coptic millennium.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, In Germany 3 suspected Islamic terrorists from an al-Qaida-influenced group nursing "profound hatred of U.S. citizens" were arrested on suspicious of plotting imminent, massive bomb attacks on US facilities in Germany. In 2008 Fritz Martin Gelowicz (29), Daniel Martin Schneider (22) and Adem Yilmaz (29) were charged with membership in a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 9/5/07)(SFC, 9/3/08, p.A8)
2007        Sep 4, Former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani was picked to head a key clerical body empowered with choosing or dismissing the country's supreme leader, state media reported, in a vote seen as a setback for hard-liners in Iran's ruling establishment.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, An Iraqi appeals court upheld death sentences imposed against "Chemical Ali" al-Majid and two other Saddam Hussein lieutenants convicted of crimes against humanity for their roles in a massacre of Kurds. 3 separate attacks in Baghdad killed four US soldiers and at least 11 civilians.
    (AP, 9/4/07)(AP, 9/5/07)
2007        Sep 4, Hurricane Felix roared ashore as a fearsome Category 5 storm, the first time in recorded history that two top-scale storms have made landfall in the same season. The storm hit near the swampy Nicaragua-Honduras border, home to thousands of stranded Miskito Indians dependent on canoes to make their way to safety. Some 332 people left dead or missing.
    (AP, 9/4/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.45)
2007        Sep 4, Nigeria’s national news agency said Nigeria will spend 950 million naira (7.3 million dollars/ 5.3 million euros) to resettle nationals living in the disputed Bakassi Peninsula ceded to Cameroon last year.
    (AFP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, A senior US diplomat said North Korea remains on a list of states that sponsor terrorism, dismissing North Korean claims that Washington decided to remove the designation.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, In Pakistan suicide bombers attacked a bus filled with government workers and a commercial area near Islamabad, killing at least 25 people and deepening the sense of crisis in a country beset with political uncertainty and Islamic militants.
    (AP, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, In Russia’s Voronezh region an explosion killed three people at a sugar refinery owned by Prodimex Group, one of the country's largest producers.
    (Reuters, 9/4/07)
2007        Sep 4, Alain Robert climbed to the top of Moscow’s 795-feet-high West Federation Tower, in less than a half-hour using a ladder.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2008        Sep 4, The musical “Fela!" premiered off-Broadway at 37 Arts Theatre B in New York City. It was based on the work of Nigerian musician Fela Anikulapo-Fela (1938-1997). In 2010 the show won 3 Tony awards.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fela!)
2008        Sep 4, In St. Paul, Minn., John McCain claimed the GOP presidential nomination portraying himself as a maverick warrior and agent of change.
    (AP, 9/5/08)(SFC, 9/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 4, Jack Abramoff (49), once powerful DC lobbyist, was sentenced to 4 years in prison for his part in a political corruption scandal. He had already spent 2 years in prison for a fraudulent casino boat deal in Florida. On Sep 10 a federal judge shaved 2 years from his Florida sentence guaranteeing the Abramoff will serve no more that 4 additional years. Abramoff was released from jail in June 2010.
    (SFC, 9/5/08, p.A4)(SFC, 9/11/08, p.A7)(SFC, 6/23/10, p.A6)
2008        Sep 4, Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (38) pleaded guilty to a pair of felony obstruction charges in a sex-and-misconduct scandal and will step down after months of defiantly holding onto his job leading the nation's 11th-largest city. Kilpatrick’s sentence included 4 months behind bars, a $1 million fine and forfeiture of his license to practice law.
    (AP, 9/4/08)(SFC, 9/5/08, p.A4)
2008        Sep 4, A US coast Guard helicopter went down off Oahu, Ha., killing 4 crew members.
    (SFC, 9/6/08, p.A3)
2008        Sep 4, Albanian artist Saimir Strati in Tirana glued 229,764 corks of various shapes and colors over a plastic banner measuring 12.94 meters by 7.1 meters to make the art piece "Romeo with a crown of grapes playing the guitar while dancing with the sea and the sun". He worked 14 hours a day for 28 days to complete his project.
    (Reuters, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Ethiopia unveiled its famed Axum Obelisk after more than three years of work to re-erect the 150-ton stela plundered by fascist Italy 70 years ago and returned only in 2005.
    (AFP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Tropical Storm Hanna roared along the edge of the Bahamas ahead of a possible hurricane hit on the Carolinas, leaving behind at least 137 dead in Haiti.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, In northeast China 24 people were killed and six injured in a coal mine gas explosion, that left 3 miners trapped.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, In Georgia US Vice President Dick Cheney condemned Russia for what he called an "illegitimate, unilateral attempt" to redraw this US ally's borders by force.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, German ministers agreed to update data protection laws for the digital age in the wake of scandals showing how easily personal details can be bought on the Internet.
    (AFP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Some 20 Greek anarchists stormed a supermarket in Thesaaloniki and handed out food for free in the latest of a wave of raids provoked by soaring consumer prices.
    (Reuters, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, The US military arrested an Iraqi cameraman and three of his family members during a raid on their home in Baghdad. Omar Husham (28) was arrested in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Azamiyah.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Pakistan’s Parliament passed resolutions condemning an American-led attack in Pakistani territory after the government summoned the US ambassador to protest the unusually bold raid that officials say killed at least 15 people. Four Islamist militants were killed and five wounded in a missile attack by a suspected US drone in the village of Char Khel in North Waziristan near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/08)(Reuters, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Middle East envoy Tony Blair toured a Palestinian aluminum factory in Beit Iba and was told it runs at one-third capacity because of Israeli import restrictions. He promised he'll take it up with Israeli authorities.
    (AP, 9/5/08)
2008        Sep 4, In Moscow officials said BP PLC and its billionaire Russian partners in the joint venture TNK-BP have agreed on a deal that forces out its embattled CEO and signals an end to a bitter struggle for control of the Russian-British company.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Russian troops killed 5 suspected Muslim rebels in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 9/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 4, Spanish police arrested Vallejo-Guarin (47), a suspected Colombian drug trafficker, listed among the most wanted by the US Drug Enforcement Administration.
    (AP, 9/5/08)
2008        Sep 4, Syrian President Bashar Assad announced that his country has handed over proposals for peace with Israel to Turkish mediators and would wait for Israel's response before holding any face-to-face negotiations.
    (AP, 9/4/08)
2008        Sep 4, Teachers in Zimbabwe's public schools went on strike to press for higher pay, despite a pay rise for civil servants announced by the government.
    (AFP, 9/7/08)

2009        Sep 4, A US federal appeals court has ruled that former Attorney General John Ashcroft can be sued by people who claim they were wrongfully detained as material witnesses after 9/11, and called the government practice "repugnant to the Constitution." The ruling allows Abdullah al-Kidd, a US citizen, to proceed with a lawsuit that claims his constitutional rights were violated when he was detained in 2003 as a material witness in a federal terrorism case.
    (AP, 9/5/09)
2009        Sep 4, US regulators closed the First Bank of Kansas in Missouri, pushing to 85 the number of US banks that have failed this year.
    (SFC, 9/5/09, p.D1)
2009        Sep 4, The US Embassy in Afghanistan says it has fired eight security guards following allegations of lewd behavior and sexual misconduct at their living quarters. Two other guards resigned and also left. All of them appeared in photographs that depicted guards and supervisors in various stages of nudity at parties flowing with alcohol. The management team of the private contractor that provided the guards was also to being replaced immediately.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, In northern Afghanistan a US jet blasted two fuel tankers hijacked by the Taliban in Kunduz province, setting off a huge fireball that killed dozens of civilians who had rushed to the scene to collect fuel. As many as 142 civilians died in the German-ordered NATO airstrike. A French soldier was killed and nine others injured when their vehicles were hit by a bomb near Bagram Air Base north of Kabul. A Polish soldier was killed in the east. A French marine was killed in an IED attack.
    (AP, 9/4/09)(AFP, 9/5/09)(AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 10/8/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.37)
2009        Sep 4, Arab League chief Amr Moussa, speaking in Italy, said any Israeli offer for a settlement freeze that doesn't include east Jerusalem is unacceptable and "will suspend the peace process." Aides of Israel’s PM said Benjamin Netanyahu will approve hundreds of new housing units in West Bank settlements before slowing settlement construction, in an apparent snub of Washington's public demand for a total settlement freeze.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, The Belgian government said it has accepted a US request to take in one detainee from U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, In China security forces in the far-west city of Urumqi used tear gas to break up fresh protests, as thousands of Han Chinese demanded better security after a reported spate of attacks with syringes.
    (Reuters, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, In Ingushetia a roadside bomb blast ripped through a police car, killing three officers and wounding two others. Ingush authorities shot dead 3 insurgents. One man, identified as Rustam Dzortov, was a suspected ringleader of rebel operations in Ingushetia and had organized the suicide bombing of Ingush President Yunus Bek Yevkurov's motorcade earlier this year. The two others may have been planning a terrorist act in Moscow. In neighboring Chechnya two suspected insurgents were killed in a similar incident. The suspected insurgents were found to have explosives strapped to them, hand grenades, and train tickets to Moscow.
    (AP, 9/4/09)(AP, 9/5/09)
2009        Sep 4, Mexican federal police detained Armando Medina (49), a small-town mayor of Mugica, Michoacan state, on suspicion of aiding drug traffickers. This is the same state where eight other city chiefs have been arrested since May on similar charges. In the northern state of Durango, two gunmen were killed in a shootout with federal police in the city of Gomez Palacio. The federal government auctioned off property seized from drug traffickers, smugglers, money launderers and tax evaders, including a DC-9 jet that was used to transport 5.5 metric tons of cocaine in 2006. The agency did not disclose the identity of winning bidders. Mexican soldiers, acting on a tip about armed men, detained Jose Rodolfo Escajeda in Nuevo Casas Grandes, in northern Chihuahua state. The suspected drug gang leader was linked to a 2006 border incursion by armed traffickers into Texas and the killing of an anti-crime activist in July. Five gunmen and a bystander were killed in a shootout at a lake that began when assailants opened fire on an army patrol on the outskirts of the northern city of Monterrey. A Ciudad Juarez police officer was shot to death outside his home.
    (AP, 9/5/09)(AP, 9/6/09)
2009        Sep 4, Pakistan said paramilitary troops have killed five suspected militants and arrested 24 in an ongoing operation in the northwestern Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, In southern Sudan heavily armed fighters attacked an ethnic Dinka settlement in Bony-Thiang, north of the state capital Malakal, killing 20 people. Angry Dinka groups then launched a retaliatory raid on the nearby Shilluk village of Bon, killing five people including a woman and two children.
    (AFP, 9/5/09)
2009        Sep 4, In southern Thailand bomb believed to have been planted by Islamic insurgents exploded outside a restaurant where security forces were eating breakfast, killing a policeman and wounding 12 other people.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, Thousands of opponents of Hugo Chavez marched against the Venezuelan president across Latin America, accusing him of everything from authoritarianism to international meddling. The protests, coordinated through Twitter and Facebook, drew more than 5,000 people in Bogota, and thousands more in the capitals of Venezuela and Honduras. Smaller demonstrations were held in other Latin American capitals, as well as New York and Madrid.
    (AP, 9/5/09)

2010        Sep 4, Hurricane Earl brushed past the Northeast US and dumped heavy, wind-driven rain on Cape Cod cottages and fishing villages, but caused little damage. It continued north and made landfall near Western Head, Nova Scotia. Earl lost its tropical storm status over Canada, but the storm still left one person dead and nearly one million people without power in the northeastern.
    (AP, 9/4/10)(AFP, 9/5/10)
2010        Sep 4, Paul Conrad ((b.1924), LA Times political cartoonist, died. His 50 year career included 3 Pulitzer Prizes.
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.C9)
2010        Sep 4, President Hamid Karzai said an Afghan peace council to pursue talks with the Taliban has been set up, the latest step in a gradual move toward reconciliation with the Islamist insurgents.
    (Reuters, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 4, Bahrain state media released the photographs of 23 Shiites — ranging from opposition figures to professors and taxi drivers — accused of conspiring to overthrow the government. They include opposition leader Abdul-Jalil al-Singace, whose arrest on Aug. 13 marked the first salvo by officials against members of a Shiite majority, 60-70% of the population being cast as coup plotters who could open the door to Iranian influence.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.56)
2010        Sep 4, British tax collectors said a new computer system has revealed that almost 6 million people have paid the wrong amount of income tax, and 1.4 million will be told to repay an average of 1,500 pounds ($2,300) each.
    (AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 4, In southern Congo at least 200 people were feared dead after a boat engine caught fire and led the vessel to overturn on the Kasai River. Survivors who swam to safety said nearby fishermen refused to help drowning passengers in the dark of night, instead looting the goods aboard the burning vessel and beating people with oars. Earlier the same day, a boat on a river in northwest Equateur Province hit a rock and capsized. More than 70 people were believed dead among 100 estimated passengers.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/6/10)
2010        Sep 4, In France Roma migrants whose camp was bulldozed led a protest in Paris against the French government's security crackdown, with similar demonstrations taking place across the country and abroad.
    (AFP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 4, In Guatemala torrential rains from a tropical depression caused mudslides killed at least 48 people, most of them in separate disasters along the same highway.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/6/10)
2010        Sep 4, Thousands of Indonesian Muslims rallied outside the US Embassy in Jakarta to denounce an American church's plan to mark the anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks by burning copies of the Quran. The Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida, has said it will burn the Islamic holy book on Sep 11, the ninth anniversary of the NYC terror attacks.
    (AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 4, Iran’s hardline Kayhan newspaper reported that security forces have killed four members of an outlawed Kurdish group in the western province of Kordestan. Nasrin Sotoudeh (45) was summoned by official notice to Tehran's Evin Prison, and did return home. She had represented opposition activists and political figures. State media reported in December that she was accused of spreading propaganda against the ruling system. On Jan 10, 2011, her husband said has been convicted of security offenses and sentenced to 11 years in prison.
    (AFP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/8/10)(AP, 1/10/11)
2010        Sep 4, In New Zealand chimneys and walls crumbled to the ground, roads cracked in half and residents were knocked off their feet as a powerful magnitude-7.1 earthquake rocked the South Island. No one was killed.
    (AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 4, In New Zealand's Southern Alps a light aircraft carrying skydivers crashed in flames near a popular tourist spot, killing nine people including four foreign tourists.
    (AP, 9/4/10)
2010        Sep 4, Two Palestinians were killed and another three were wounded in Israeli air strikes carried out after a rocket attack from Gaza. This was the first exchange of fire since the relaunch of Middle East peace talks last week. Two raids targeted smuggling tunnels along the border with Egypt, causing a tunnel to collapse on the two men, and a third struck a former base used by the militant Hamas movement.
    (AFP, 9/5/10)
2010        Sep 4, Philippine police commandos killed an Abu Sayyaf commander linked to last year's kidnapping of Red Cross workers and gunned down two other militants in a clash in the south. Gafur Jumdail and two of his men were killed near Maimbung town on Jolo island after clashing with commandos tracking a Malaysian militant and allied Filipino fighters.
    (AP, 9/5/10)
2010        Sep 4, In Sudan a Darfur rebel group said 10 people were killed in clashes with Sudanese police in two camps for displaced people in West Darfur state. U.N.-African Union peacekeepers said 9 people were killed in the clashes.
    (AFP, 9/4/10)(AP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 4, Yemeni police arrested 14 suspected members of al-Qaida in a raid on one of the group's alleged hideouts in Abyan province in the town of Lawder. Gunmen from a separatist movement attacked an army post in Rabwa near the town of Habalein and killed four soldiers. Two of the attackers died as well.
    (AP, 9/5/10)

2011        Sep 4, Tropical Storm Lee dumped over a foot of rain in New Orleans and weakened to a tropical depression.
    (SFC, 9/5/11, p.A7)
2011        Sep 4, In Nevada the annual burning Man festival in Black Rock Desert drew nearly 54,000 people, more than the 50,000 allowed under its permit.
    (SFC, 9/5/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 4, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three Afghan private security guards and wounded another 20 in Kandahar city.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Australia a shark bit the legs off a bodyboarder, killing the man, at a popular surfing spot at Bunker Bay near the western town of Dunsborough.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Haitian President Michel Martelly "vigorously condemned" an alleged sexual assault by UN troops against an 18-year-old man. The incident aggravated mistrust between Haitians and the peacekeeping mission. The UN was investigating allegations that five Uruguayan naval personnel at a UN base in the south sexually molested an 18-year-old man in an attack reportedly captured by a cell phone camera.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In northern India bus fell into the Tons River swollen by monsoon rains, killing 12 passengers in Uttrakhand state.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Iranian state radio said the country's first nuclear power plant has been connected to the national power grid for a test run. The power plant in the southern port of Bushehr, with a capacity of 1,000 megawatts, was built with Russian help.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Iran executed three men for homosexuality. They were hanged in the south-western city of Ahvaz, the capital of Khuzestan province.
    (Econ, 2/4/12, p.63)(http://tinyurl.com/3jkjmyn)
2011        Sep 4, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu pledged "real" economic change after massive nationwide protests that broke Israeli records and prompted questions about the future of the social movement.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Italian police detained a man who confessed to knocking two chunks of marble off a statue in Rome's famed Piazza Navona and of trying to damage the nearby Trevi Fountain a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Japan record rain and mudslides from powerful Typhoon Talas left at least 37 people dead as the storm moved slowly northward past the country's western coast. Over 50 others remained missing.
    (AP, 9/4/11)(AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, Libyan rebels said that tribal leaders in Bani Walid, a besieged pro-Moammar Gadhafi stronghold, are divided over what to do and will likely surrender rather than see their followers fight one another. NATO reported bombing a military barracks, a police camp and several other targets near Sirte overnight.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Mexican federal congressman Moises Villanueva (46) and his driver went missing after leaving a party held by a fellow member of the opposition Institutional Revolutionary Party in the town of Tlapa de Comonfort in Villanueva's district. On Sep 17 their badly decomposed bodies were found in a river in the town of Huamuxtitlan, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Nigeria 3 people were killed near the city of Jos. Islamic cleric Mallam Dala was shot and killed after two men burst into his house. Attacks in two villages in central Nigeria, Targom-Babale and Dabwak, killed 11 people, including children.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)(AP, 9/4/11)(AFP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, Somali leaders began gathering for a 3-day national reconciliation conference under UN auspices amid high security in war-shattered Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Syria saw a wave of violence and arrests as the head of the International Committee of the Red Cross visited Damascus to address issues including caring for the wounded and access to detainees. The state-run news agency reported that nine people were killed in central Syria in an ambush by armed groups.
    (AP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Taiwan some 1,000 chanting pro-independence activists took to the streets of Taipei, President Ma Ying-jeou of surrendering the island's sovereignty to China.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)
2011        Sep 4, Authorities in Trinidad and Tobago extended a state of emergency by three months, citing continued security concerns since the measure was first imposed last month to dismantle gangs and decrease crime.
    (AP, 9/5/11)
2011        Sep 4, In Yemen troops loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh deployed in force in Sanaa after opposition groups called new mass demonstrations demanding his ouster. The Defense Ministry said 17 al-Qaida militants have been killed in airstrikes in the south.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)(AP, 9/5/11)

2012        Sep 4, In California CHP Officer Kenyon Youngstrom was shot by Christopher Boone Lacy (36) during a traffic stop on I-680 near Alamo. Lacy was shot a killed by another officer. Youngstrom died of his wounds the next day.
    (SFC, 9/6/12, p.A1,13)
2012        Sep 4, A US federal judge ordered Massachusetts’ state prison officials to provide a taxpayer-funded sex-reassignment surgery to Robert Kosilek, a transgender inmate serving life in prison for the murder of his wife in 1990.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, US fast food giant McDonald's, famed for its beef-based Big Mac burgers, said it will open its first ever vegetarian-only restaurant in the world in India next year.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, American activist Michael Strong signed an agreement for a small project to create jobs and cheap housing in Honduras. This outmaneuvered plans by Paul Romer, an economist at New York Univ., for a larger int’l. project to build a charter city in Honduras.
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.71)
2012        Sep 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 25 civilians and wounded another 30 at a funeral for a village elder in the village of Shagai in the Durbaba district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, In Canada Quebec’s ruling Liberals were defeated in a provincial election after nine years in power. Parti Quebecois leader Pauline Marois became Quebec’s first female premier as she replaced Premier Jean Charest. He had held the seat since November 1998. The left-leaning Parti Quebecois (PQ) captured only 54 of the 125 seats in the legislature.
    (Reuters, 9/4/12)(Reuters, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, In Canada Richard Henry Bain (62) entered a theater and shot two people where Pauline Marois, leader of the Parti Quebecois, was speaking on behalf of the party’s narrow election victory. One of the victims died. Bain also set fire to the building and was soon arrested.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.35)
2012        Sep 4, Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos announced an accord with the peasant-based FARC to seek "a definitive peace." The pact, signed Aug. 27 after six months of secret exploratory talks in Cuba, called for talks to begin in Norway the first half of October, then return to Havana.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, Congo and China signed accords worth 975 million euros as part of a project to rebuild parts of the capital Brazzaville devastated by a deadly munitions depot blast in early March.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The World Health Organization said the number of people with Ebola, a rare haemorrhagic disease, in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo has tripled since mid-August, after 14 patients died in two weeks.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The foreign ministers of Germany and Pakistan signed an agreement in which the two countries committed to a "strategic dialogue" on security issues, particularly regarding Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Volkswagen AG unveiled the latest version of its mainstay Golf hatchback at a Berlin museum, ahead of its premiere later this month at the Paris Auto Show. This was the 7th edition of the model introduced in 1974.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Guinea’s minister in charge of national defense said that an arms shipment was intercepted around a month ago at the port of Conakry. Abdoul Kabele Camara said the arms appear to have been ordered by Mali's ex-President Amadou Toumani Toure, known by his initials "ATT," who was ousted in a coup in March. Representatives from the West African regional bloc ECOWAS were meeting with the government of Guinea in order to decide what to do with a container of arms.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony announced that joint military exercises between India and China will be resumed after a four-year gap, after talks in New Delhi with his Beijing counterpart.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Indian police opened a probe into five coal companies after raiding premises across the country over the alleged misallocation of lucrative mining rights.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Indonesia's justice minister said that his country would extradite Sayed Abbas, an Afghan-born human trafficking kingpin, to Australia next year. He was suspected of having arranged the voyage of a vessel that sank in December, killing some 200 Australia-bound asylum seekers.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, In northern Iraq bombings and shootings, mostly targeting security forces, left eight people dead, including six soldiers and a police general.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, A Jordanian teenager (17) stabbed to death Cheryll Harvey (55), a Texas missionary living in the kingdom, during an argument that broke out when she caught him stealing from her apartment.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 4, The Kenyan Navy said it has shelled Somalia's port town of Kismayo, the remaining significant stronghold of al-Qaida-linked militants, in preparation for the ground forces to capture the town. 7 people believed to be members of the al-Shabab militia group were killed in the shelling that occurred on Sep 1 and Sep 3.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Global Witness said international logging companies are skirting the rules and have used a loophole in Liberian law which has granted them access to as much as one-quarter of Liberia's landmass. Private use permits, now covering 40 percent of the country's forests, were being used by major companies to cut trees on their own property.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Mexico’s Navy detained Mario Cardenas Guillen, a top leader of the Gulf drug cartel, in the northern city of Altamira.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, In Morocco 42 people were killed when the bus overturned between the desert cities of Marrakesh and Ouarzazate and plunged down a 500-foot (150-meter) ravine. Another 24 people were injured, four of them seriously.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Pirates attacked and seized the MT Abu Dhabi Star, an oil tanker off the coast of Lagos, Nigeria, kidnapping an unknown number of sailors who were trying to hide from their assailants.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated in West Bank cities against the high cost of living, directing their anger at prime minister Salam Fayyad.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Singapore said it will restrict the growth of "shoebox" private apartments in the suburbs, effective Nov 4, to ease overcrowding concerns and encourage couples to have children.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Spain’s government lifted a 6-year ban on televising live bullfights.
    (SFC, 9/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 4, Spanish police evicted more than 80 illegal migrants that had occupied Isla de Tierra, a tiny island off Africa's Mediterranean coast.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Sudan and South Sudan resumed talks in the Ethiopian capital to resolve outstanding disputes over oil, border demarcation, security and the Abyei region.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Red Cross chief Peter Maurer launched a mercy mission in Syria to seek greater protection for civilians, as activists said rebel-held areas of Aleppo faced severe food shortages under a regime offensive.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The Ugandan military killed a rebel fighter and captured another in its campaign against Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central African Republic. Rebel general Dominic Ongwen escaped unhurt in the raid on his camp.
    (AP, 9/5/12)
2012        Sep 4, The three UN food agencies urged governments to take quick action to curb rising prices of corn, wheat and soybeans and avoid a repeat of the 2007-2008 food crises.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Vietnamese police seized four tiger cubs and 118 endangered pangolins from suspected wildlife smugglers.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2013        Sep 4, President Barack Obama opened a three-day overseas trip with a stop in the Swedish capital of Stockholm.
    (AP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, Afghan President Hamid Karzai issued a legislative decree giving minority Hindus and Sikhs a reserved seat in the country's lower house of parliament for the next parliamentary elections in 2015.
    (AP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, In Bulgaria hundreds of protesters rallied in Sofia in front of parliament, demanding the resignation of the Socialist-led government that they accuse of having murky links to influential business circles.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, Chinese state media reported that Zhang Shugung (57), a former deputy chief from the Railroad Ministry, has been charged with accepting nearly $8 million in bribes. His house in the Los Angeles suburb of Walnut had drawn the attention of anticorruption officials and he was fired in 2011.
    (SFC, 9/5/13, p.A7)
2013        Sep 4, An Egyptian policeman was shot dead and another wounded at a checkpoint in the southern town of Aswan. The attack was carried out by relatives of a man killed earlier in an exchange of fire with police at the checkpoint.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, Gabon officials said a corruption investigation has revealed the existence of about 3,000 fake civil servants who receive monthly government salaries despite holding no official positions.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, In India Raghuram Rajan became the nation’s 23rd governor of the Reserve Bank of India.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.69)
2013        Sep 4, India's lower house of parliament approved changes aimed at luring foreign asset managers to run retirement funds, a small victory in government efforts to rescue the economy before elections next year.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, Indian security forces nabbed Talib Lali, a commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, one of five militant groups at large in Kashmir.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.42)
2013        Sep 4, In India holyman Baba Premdas (60) was found bleeding late in northern Uttar Pradesh state after severing his genitals in what reports said was a protest at last week's arrest of Asaram Bapu, a self-styled Hindu holyman.
    (AFP, 9/5/13)
2013        Sep 4, In Iraq gunmen shot dead at least 16 members of a Shi'ite Muslim family before blowing up their two homes overnight in Latifiya. A suicide bomber attacked a police headquarters in Mosul, killing 5 policemen. A roadside bomb also struck a patrol in Tarmiya, north of Baghdad, killing 5 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, Mexico's Senate overwhelmingly passed a sweeping reform of the notoriously dysfunctional public school system, handing President Enrique Pena Nieto an important victory in his push to remake some of his country's worst-run institutions.
    (AP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, In Pakistan a senior navy officer was shot dead and his Swedish wife wounded in the port city of Karachi.
    (AFP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, The IMF approved a $6.7 billion loan for Pakistan in an effort to help the strategic country stave off an economic crisis.
    (AP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, Qatar reported that a woman has died after contracting the MERS coronavirus, becoming the first recorded fatality from the SARS-like virus in the Gulf state.
    (AFP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, In South Africa two of the seven gold mine producers touched by a pay strike said they have struck a wage settlement with unions as the work stoppage entered day two.
    (AFP, 9/4/13)
2013        Sep 4, South Korea's parliament voted overwhelmingly on to allow the arrest of Lee Seok-ki, one of its members accused of conspiracy to overthrow the government and introduce a North Korean-style regime. On Feb 17, 2014, Seok-ki was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)(Econ, 1/17/15, p.3)
2013        Sep 4, South Korea’s Samsung set the price of its new Galaxy Gear wristwatch at $299 with sales to begin Sep 25.
    (SFC, 9/5/13, p.C3)
2013        Sep 4, Spanish correspondent Marc Marginedas was abducted near the central Syrian city of Hama by Islamic State fighters. He was released on Mar 3, 2014.
    (AP, 3/2/14)
 2013        Sep 4, In Thailand tens of thousands of rubber farmers, protesting against a sharp drop in prices, escalated protests across southern Thailand, cutting off access to large swathes of the region by blocking roads leading to tourist and commercial hubs.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)

2014        Sep 4, US police handcuffed dozens of protesters around the country as they blocked traffic in their efforts to get fast food companies to pay employees at least $15 and hour.
    (SFC, 9/5/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 4, Florida police found 4 bodies at a home in Hudson, Pasco County. Suspect Adam Matos (28) was soon arrested in a downtown Tampa hotel.
    (Reuters, 9/5/14)
2014        Sep 4, Joan Rivers (81), award winning comedienne, died in New York. The caustic stand-up comic and television host had blazed a trail at a time when comedy was all but off-limits to women.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, Tesla Motors announced plans to build its new $5 billion battery factory in Nevada.
    (SFC, 9/4/14, p.A1)
2014        Sep 4, Tennessee became the first state to make use of the electric chair mandatory when lethal injection drugs are unavailable.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nghyzbw)
2014        Sep 4, Texas teenager Tyler Lane Holder (18) was sentenced to life in prison for killing Alanna Gallagher (6), wrapping her body in a tarp and leaving it on the side of a road. DNA evidence linking him to the 2013 crime when he was 17. Holder also pleaded guilty to arson for setting fire to the home of the victim's family and with attempted capital murder for shooting at a police officer trying to arrest him.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, Former Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell and his wife were convicted of using his office to promote a dietary supplement in exchange for gifts in a public corruption case.
    (SFC, 9/5/14, p.A7)
2014        Sep 4, Afghanistan’s rival presidential candidates pledged to NATO leaders that they would form a government of national unity and sign legal agreements allowing foreign troops to stay on next year.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents detonated truck bombs and fired rocket-propelled grenades outside the office of the country’s spy agency and a police compound in Ghazni, killing 18 people.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In Argentina Gustavo Cerati (55), one of Latin America's most influential musicians, died, four years after a stroke put him in a coma.
    (AP, 9/6/14)
2014        Sep 4, Bangladesh said it has resumed sending workers to Iraq after a 3-month ban, despite reports of hundreds of Bangladeshi construction laborers being dragged into the country's bloody sectarian conflict.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In central Bosnia a coal mine collapsed in Zenica and trapped 34 miners following a 3.5 magnitude earthquake. 20 miners were rescued the next day and 5 were preseumed dead in rubble deep underground.
    (SFC, 9/6/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 4, Palmira Silva (82), a grandmother who still worked at her family's cafe, was attacked in her garden in Edmonton, north London. She was found beheaded with a machete. Nicholas Salvador (25) was soon arrested and charged with her murder.
    (AFP, 9/6/14)
2014        Sep 4, Al-Qaida announced it had created an Indian branch that the terror network vowed would bring Islamic rule to the entire subcontinent.
    (AP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In Iraq jihadists kidnapped some 50 residents of the northern village of Tal Ali in Kirkuk province after villagers burned one of their positions along with a jihadist flag. Air strikes in Ninevah province killed Abu Hajr al-Suri, the top aide of jihadist Islamic State (IS) chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Two car bombs exploded in Shiite-majority areas of Baghdad, killing at least 23 people.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)(AP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, A UN report on Libya said four months of fighting by militias in Libya's two biggest cities, Tripoli and Benghazi, has forced some 250,000 people to flee, including 100,000 who have been internally displaced.
    (AP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, NATO leaders converged in Wales for a high-stakes summit also focused on the crisis in Ukraine and next steps in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, The Palestinian Authority said rebuilding Gaza will cost $7.8 billion. Fighting between Israel and the Islamist militant group Hamas in Gaza killed over 2,100 Palestinians, most of them civilians, along with 64 Israeli soldiers and 6 civilians.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)
2014        Sep 4, Philippines’ President Benigno Aquino III and Al Haj Murad Ebrahim of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front agreed to endorse a draft of a proposed autonomy law after meeting for more than two hours at the presidential palace.
    (AP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 4, South Korea said it would create a joint military unit with the US, as a report suggested the contingent would target North Korea's weapons of mass destruction if a full-scale conflict broke out.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In Switzerland some 200 experts huddled in Geneva to debate experimental treatments for the Ebola virus as the world's worst-ever outbreak raged in west Africa.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In eastern Syria 18 foreign fighters from the Islamic State, including an American jihadist, were killed in a Syrian air raid on a town near the militant group's main stronghold city of Raqqa. Top Islamic State leaders who happened to be in the municipal building of Gharbiya at the time of the raid were among the foreign fighters killed. Two raids on southern and northern parts of Raqqa killed 53 people including 31 civilians. Another air raid hit a former intelligence headquarters in Abu Kamal also killed an undisclosed number of IS members. Residents of Ashara, in the mostly IS-controlled eastern province of Deir Ezzor, protested in front of an IS headquarters, hours after government air strikes killed 2 children, 5 women and a man.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)(AFP, 9/5/14)(AFP, 9/6/14)
2014        Sep 4, Thai PM Prayuth Chan-ocha set out broad criteria for the selection of a 250-member council to draw up sweeping political reforms and approve a new constitution.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In Turkey Gaziantep province governor Erdal Ata said 19 militants affiliated with the Islamic State have been arrested. Ata also said police had caught suspected IS-linked jihadists coming from Europe or Caucasus, carrying backpacks, at the Gaziantep airport or at the border.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and the main pro-Russian rebel leader said they would both order ceasefires on Sep 5, provided that an agreement is signed on a new peace plan to end the five month war in Ukraine's east.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, Zimbabwe launched a $533-million project with China to scale up electricity generation at one of its major power plants in a bid to ease perennial energy woes.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)

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