Today in History - September 7

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0070        Sep 7, The Roman army under Titus occupied and plundered Jerusalem.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1151        Sep 7, Geoffrey Plantagenet, earl of Anjou and duke of Normandy, died at 38.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1497        Sep 7, Sailor Perkin Warbeck became [briefly] England’s King Richard I.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1533        Sep 7, Elizabeth I, Queen of England, was born in Greenwich. She led her country during the exploration of the New World and war with Spain which destroyed the Spanish Armada. Elizabeth Tudor (d.1603), the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, reigned as Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She went bald at age 29 due to smallpox.
    (WUD, 1994, p.463)(SFC,10/18/97, p.E4)(AP, 9/7/97)(HN, 9/7/98)(MC, 9/7/01)

1566        Sep 7, Suleiman I (b.1494), Great Law Giver and sultan of Turkey (1520-66), died at Szigetvar, Hungary, as his troops besieged a fortress defended by Croatian-Hungarian nobleman Miklos Zrinyi. Suleiman’s great empire began a gradual decline under his slothful son, Selim II. Suleiman the Magnificent, during his reign, had commissioned the architect Sinan to build the Suleymanye, perhaps the finest mosque ever constructed.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.21)(WSJ, 4/29/99, p.A24)(SFC, 9/21/13, p.A3)

1599        Sep 7, Earl of Essex and Irish rebel Tyrone signed a treaty.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1630        Sep 7, The Massachusetts town of Trimontaine (Shawmut), was renamed Boston, and became the state capital. It was named after a town of the same name in Lincolnshire, England.
    (HN, 9/7/98)(www.bostonhistory.org/faq.html)

1635        Sep 7, Pal Esterhazy, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1701        Sep 7, England, Austria, and the Netherlands formed an Alliance against France.
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1707        Sep 7, George-Louis Leclerc (d.1788), Comte de Buffon, French naturalist and theoretical biologist. He commented on the origins of marine invertebrate fossils in the hills of France. He also wrote a 35 volume work titled “Histoire Naturelle, Generale, et Particuliere," that was an attempt to record all that was known of the world of nature.
    (DD-EVTT, p.114)(WSJ, 8/28/97, p.A12)(MC, 9/7/01)

1714        Sep 7, In Baden, Switzerland, Charles VI signed the Treaty of Baden, also called the Peace of Baden, on behalf of the Holy Roman Empire. It was one of the agreements that concluded the War of the Spanish Succession.
    (www.emersonkent.com/historic_documents/treaty_of_baden_1714.htm)

1726        Sep 7, Francois-Andre Danican Philidor, French composer and chess champion, was born.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1739        Sep 7, Joseph Legros, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1778        Sep 7, Shawnee Indians attacked and laid siege to Boonesborough, Kentucky.
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1887        Sep 7, Dame Edith Sitwell (d.1964), English poet, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Sitwell)

1800        Sep 7, The NYC Zion AME Church was dedicated.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1807        Sep 7, Denmark surrendered to British forces that had bombarded the city of Copenhagen for four days.
    (AP, 9/7/07)

1812        Sep 7, On the road to Moscow, Napoleon won a costly victory over the Russians under Kutuzov at Borodino. This was the greatest mass slaughter in the history of warfare until the Battle of the Somme in 1916. In 2004 Adam Zamoyski authored “Napoleon’s Fatal March on Moscow."
    (HN, 9/7/98)(Econ, 4/17/04, p.81)

1813        Sep 7, The earliest known printed reference to the United States by the nickname “Uncle Sam" occurred in the Troy Post. [see Oct, 1814]
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1822        Sep 7, Brazil declared its independence from Portugal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Brazil)(AP, 9/7/97)

1825        Sep 7, The Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolution, bade farewell to President John Quincy Adams at the White House.
    (AP, 9/7/99)

1845        Sep 7, Isabella Colbran, wife of Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini, died.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1860        Sep 7, Anna Mary Robertson Moses (d.1961), American folk painter, was born in Greenwich, NY. She began painting at the age of 78. She won worldwide fame in the 1950s with her paintings of rural American farm life.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grandma_Moses)
1860        Sep 7, Edith Sitwell, poet, was born in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England.
    (HN, 9/7/00)
1860        Sep 7, The Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" sank and drowned 340 people in Lake Michigan.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1864        Sep 7, Union General Phil Sheridan’s troops skirmished with the Confederates under Jubal Early outside Winchester, Virginia.
    (HN, 9/7/00)

1867        Sep 7, President Andrew Johnson extended amnesty to all but a few of the leaders of the Confederacy.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1876        Sep 7, The James and Younger gang botched an attempt to rob the First National Bank of Northfield, Minn. Joseph Heywood, the bank teller, was shot and killed when he refused to open the safe. The 3 Younger brothers, Cole, Bob and Jim, were captured 2 weeks later in a swamp near Madelia. 3 others were killed. Photos of all 6 were taken at the time and identified by Cole Younger, who wrote the names on the pictures. The pictures sold at auction in 1999 for $39,100. The raid was reenacted in 1948 and became a regular event in 1970.
    (HN, 9/7/98)(WSJ, 10/29/99, p.W16)(WSJ, 9/6/01, p.A20)(MT, Summer 02, p.22)

1888        Sep 7, The 1st US incubator was used on a premature infant, Edith Eleanor McLean. It was built by Dr. William Champion Deming at the State Emigrant Hospital, Ward's Island, NY.
    (HN, 9/7/98)(www.medterms.com)

1892        Sep 7, In New Orleans the 1st heavyweight-title boxing match, fought with gloves under the rules of the Marquis of Queensbury [Queensberry], aka John S. Douglas, ended when James J. Corbett (1866-1933) knocked out John L. Sullivan (1858-1918) in the 21st round.  In 1891 Corbett had fought Peter Jackson to a draw after 61 rounds. Corbett lost his title to Robert Fitzsimmons in 1897.
    (AH, 2/06, p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_L._Sullivan)(SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.8)
1892        Sep 7, John G. Whittier, US poet and secretary of the Anti-Slavery Society, died.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1893        Sep 7, The Rhine river was officially closed for bathing. It had been determined the Rhine was infected with cholera.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1900        Sep 7, Taylor Caldwell, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 9/7/00)

1901        Sep 7, The Peace of Peking (Beijing) ended the Boxer Rebellion in China.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1907        Sep 7, The British liner RMS Lusitania set out on its maiden voyage, from Liverpool, England, to New York, arriving six days later. The Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine in 1915.
    (AP, 9/7/07)

1908        Sep 7, Michael E. DeBakey, heart surgery pioneer, was born in Lake Charles, La.
    (www.fact-index.com)

1909        Sep 7, Elia Kazan (d.2003) was born as Alia Kazanjoglous in Constantinople to Anatolian Greek parents. Kazan became a producer, screenwriter and director who won directing Oscars for "Gentleman’s Agreement" and "On the Waterfront."
    (HN, 9/7/98)(AP, 9/29/03)(SFC, 9/29/03, p.A18)

1912        Sep 7, French aviator Roland Garros set an altitude record of 13,200 feet.
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1914        Sep 7, James Alfred Van Allen (d.2006), physicist, was born in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. In 1958 he discovered the two radiation belts surrounding the Earth, which were named after him.
    (HN, 9/7/98)(SFC, 8/10/06, p.B7)
1914        Sep 7, In the Battle of Marne French Gen. Gallieni commandeered some 600 hundred Paris taxicabs to deliver overnight 6,000 men of the 3rd army to reinforce the 6th Army at the Battle of the Marne, which allowed the French army to hold.
    (ON, 8/08, p.5)

1915        Sep 7, John Gruelle patented his Raggedy Ann doll.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1916        Sep 7, The U.S. Congress passed the Workman’s Compensation Act.
    (HN, 9/7/00)

1922        Sep 7, Dr. William Halsted (b.1852), an American surgeon, died. He had emphasized strict aseptic technique during surgical procedures, was an early champion of newly discovered anesthetics, and introduced several new operations, including the radical mastectomy for breast cancer. Halsted had experimented with cocaine and injected himself with the drug. Throughout his professional life, he was addicted to cocaine and later also to morphine.
    (AP, 7/17/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Stewart_Halsted)
1922        Sep 7, Thomas Cobden-Sanderson (b.1840), English printer and bookbinder, died. He and Emery Walker had formed a printing partnership in 1900 and created the Doves typeface. The partnership went sour and between 1913-1917 Cobden-Sanderson dropped a ton of the metal typeface into the Thames to keep it out of the hands of Walker. In 2003 Marianne Todcombe authored “The Doves Press."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._J._Cobden_Sanderson)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.118)

1924        Sep 7, Daniel Ken Inouye, (Sen-D Hawaii, 1963- ), was born.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1927        Sep 7, American television pioneer Philo T. Farnsworth (21) succeeded in transmitting an image through purely electronic means by using a device called an image dissector. When Philo T. Farnsworth was 13, he envisioned a contraption that would receive an image transmitted from a remote location—the television. Farnsworth submitted a patent in January 1927, when he was 19, and began building and testing his invention that summer. He used an "image dissector" (the first television camera tube) to convert the image into a current, and an "image oscillite" (picture tube) to receive it. On this day his tests bore fruit. When the simple image of a straight line was placed between the image dissector and a carbon arc lamp, it showed up clearly on the receiver in another room. His first tele-electronic image was transmitted on a glass slide in his SF lab at 202 Green St. The New York World’s Fair showcased the television in April 1939, and soon afterward, the first televisions went on sale to the public.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(HNPD, 9/7/98)(SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.3)

1930        Sep 7, Sonny Rollins, saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 9/7/00)

1934        Sep 7-8, The luxury liner "Morro Castle," enroute from Havana to NYC, caught fire and ran aground at Asbury Park, NJ. 134 people were killed. [see Sep 8]
    (www.jerseyboardwalk.com/morro.htm)

1936        Sep 7, Rock legend Buddy Holly was born Charles Hardin Holley in Lubbock, Texas.
    (AP, 9/7/97)
1936        Sep 7, Some 60,000 workers marched in the San Francisco Labor Day parade as some 250,000 spectators watched.
    (SSFC, 9/4/11, DB p.50)

1940        Sep 7, Nazi Germany began its initial blitz on London during the World War II Battle of Britain. The German Luftwaffe blitzed London for the 1st of 57 consecutive nights. Nazi Germany launched the aerial bombing of London that Adolf Hitler believed would soften Britain for an invasion. The invasion, "Operation Sea Lion," never materialized. The Luftwaffe lost 41 bombers over England. The blitz only strengthened Britain's resistance. The defense of London was for the Royal Air Force what Churchill called "their finest hour."
    (AP, 9/7/97)(HN, 9/7/98)

1942        Sep 7, The Red Army pushed back the German line northwest of Stalingrad. The Krummer Lauf allowed German infantry and motorized artillery units to actually fire around corners.
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1943        Sep 7, Fire in a decrepit old Gulf Hotel killed 45 in Houston, Texas.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1944        Sep 7, Nazi SS-General Kurt ("Panzer") Meyer took Durnal, Belgium.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1947        Sep 7, Battles took place between Hindus and Moslems in New Delhi.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1952        Sep 7, The 369-foot passenger liner Princess Kathleen, launched in 1924, ran aground and sank near Juneau, Alaska. There was no loss of life.
    (SFC, 2/22/10, p.A6)(www.greatships.net/princesskathleen.html)
1952        Sep 7, General Mohammad Naguib (1901-1984) formed an Egyptian government and became premier. Naguib served as Egypt’s 1st president. He was dismissed in Nov, 1954.
    (MC, 9/7/01)(www.presidency.gov.eg)

1954        Sep 7-8, Integration of public schools began in Washington DC and Maryland.
    (HN, 9/7/98)(www.courtinfo.ca.gov/presscenter/timeline.htm)

1957        Sep 7, The original version of the animated NBC peacock logo, used to denote pro-grams "brought to you in living color," made its debut at the beginning of "Your Hit Parade."
    (AP, 9/7/07)

1963        Sep 7, The Beatles made their 1st US TV appearance on ABC’s Big Night Out.
    (MC, 9/7/01)
1963        Sep 7, American Bandstand moved to California and aired once a week on Saturday.
    (MC, 9/7/01)
1963        Sep 7, The National Professional Football Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1967        Sep 7, The situation comedy "The Flying Nun," starring Sally Field as a nun who finds that she can fly, debuted on ABC.
    (AP, 9/7/07)

1968        Sep 6, Feminists protesting outside the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, N.J., tossed articles including cosmetics, girdles and bras into a trash can ostensibly for burning, al-though nothing was actually set on fire. Miss Illinois Judith Ford won the pageant.
    (AP, 9/7/08)

1969        Sep 7, Senate Republican leader Everett McKinley Dirksen (b.1896) of Illinois, ("The Wizard of Ooze") died at 73 in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everett_Dirksen)

1970        Sep 7, Donald Boyles set a record for the highest parachute jump from a bridge by leaping off of 1,053 ft Royal George Bridge in Colorado.
    (www.baseclimb.com/BASE_history.htm)

1972        Sep 7, Pres. Nixon said that he wanted Ted Kennedy covered by a Secret Service spy because he saw him as a political threat.
    (SFC, 2/8/97, p.A3)
1972        Sep 7, The Commissioner of Indian Affairs in a memorandum extended federal recognition to the Chippewa tribe of Sault Ste. Marie in Northern Michigan. The meaning of this federal recognition was further clarified in a memorandum by the Associate Solicitor for Indian Affairs on February 27, 1974.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5c8cfu)

1974        Sep 7, The musical "Irene" closed at Minskoff Theater NYC after 605 performances.
    (www.debbiereynoldsonline.com/irene.htm)

1975        Sep 7, The NBC drama “The Family Holvak" featured Glenn Ford (1916-2006). The show aired for the last time on Dec 28.
    (SFC, 8/31/06, p.B7)(www.tv.com/the-family-holvak/show/9109/summary.html)

1977        Sep 7, Pres. Carter and Gen'l. Torrijos signed the Panama Canal treaties (the Torrijos-Carter Treaties) in Washington, DC. The 2 treaties abrogated the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty of 1903 and called for the US to eventually turn over control of the waterway to Panama. The US Southern Command was scheduled to withdraw to new Miami headquarters by the end of 1999. The US agreed to clean up its bases before turning them over. The deal was negotiated by Sol Linowitz (d.2005).
    (AP, 9/7/97)(WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torrijos-Carter_Treaties)
1977        Sep 7, Convicted Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy was released from prison after more than four years.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1978        Sep 7, Keith Moon (b.1946), English drummer for "The Who" rock group, died of drug OD at 31.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keith_Moon)
1978        Sep 7, Sri Lanka’s new constitution went into effect. The new Constitution provided for a unicameral Parliament with legislative power and an Executive President.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Sri_Lanka)

1979        Sep 7, The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, ESPN, made its cable TV debut. In 1984 it was bought by ABC, which was in turn bought by Disney in 1996.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(Econ, 8/2/08, SR p.5)
1979        Sep 7, The Chrysler Corporation petitioned the United States government for $1.5 billion in loan guarantees to avoid bankruptcy.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysler)
1979        Sep 7, The Karoo National Park in South Africa was proclaimed. It officially opened on September 12.
    (Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.60)(www.sanparks.org/about/news/default.php?id=43)

1980        Sep 7, The 32nd Emmy Awards were held. Winners included Taxi, Lou Grant, Ed Asner and Barbara Bel Geddes.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0343337/)

1983        Sep 7, Irish people voted in a referendum to amend the constitution to make abortion illegal. The 8th amendment, banning abortion, was signed into law on Oct 7, 1983.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/cqtafxh)(Econ, 8/23/14, p.52)

1986        Sep 7, In Chile Gen’l. Pinochet narrowly survived an assassination attempt involving 70 terrorists. 5 of his escorts were murdered.
    (WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)(SFC, 3/25/99, p.A3)
1986        Sep 7, Desmond Tutu was installed as the Anglican archbishop of Capetown, the first black to lead the Anglican Church in southern Africa.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1987        Sep. 7, The Rev. Jesse Jackson declared his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/7/97)
1987        Sep 7, Erich Honecker became the first East German head of state to visit West Ger-many as he arrived for a five-day visit.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1988        Sep 7, Vice President George Bush startled an American Legion audience in Louisville, Ky., by referring to Sept. 7 as "Pearl Harbor Day," which is actually Dec. 7. Realizing his mis-take, Bush said, "Did I say Sept. 7? Sorry about that."
    (AP, 9/7/98)
1988        Sep 7, The Security & Exchange Commission accused Drexel of violating security laws.
    (http://tinyurl.com/efx9t)
1988        Sep 7, Seymour (62) and Arlene (54) Tankleff were bludgeoned to death in their Long Island home. Their adopted son, Martin Tankleff (17), initially confessed to the crime after a detective falsely told him the father had implicated him. Martin quickly withdrew the confession, but was sentenced to 50 years following one of the nation’s first televised trials. In 2007 he was released after detectives turned up witnesses that implicated a business partner of his father.
    (SFC, 12/28/07, p.A3)(www.courttv.com/news/2007/1228/tankleff_ap.html)

1989        Sep 7, The US Senate voted 76-8 to approve the Americans with Disabilities Act, forbid-ding discrimination in employment, public accommodations, transportation and communications.
    (AP, 9/7/99)
1989        Sep 7, In San Francisco a robbery by 2 bandits took place at the BofA headquarters. A Brink’s guard was killed and another wounded along with a passer-by. The bandits escaped on mountain bikes with undisclosed sums that were later believed to be bearer bonds.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, Z1 p.3)

1990        Sep 7, President Bush left for his one-day Finland summit with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1990        Sep 7, Kimberly Bergalis of Fort Pierce, Florida, came forward to identify herself as the young woman who had been infected with AIDS, apparently by her late dentist.  Bergalis died the following year.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1990        Sep 7, Alan J.P. Taylor, British historian (Origins of WW II), died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qkf67)

1991        Sep 7, Monica Seles won the U.S. Open in New York, defeating Martina Navratilova 7-6, 6-1.
    (AP, 9/7/01)
1991        Sep 7, The European Community opened a peace conference in the Netherlands aimed at bringing peace to Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 9/7/01)

1992        Sep 7, Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent resigned, four days after a no-confidence vote by club owners.
    (AP, 9/7/97)
1992        Sep 7, Troops in South Africa fired on African National Congress supporters near the Transkei homeland, killing 28 and wounding 200. 29 ANC protestors were killed in the Bisho massacre by troops of the homeland of Ciskei. Major General Marius Oelschig radioed the “open fire" command. He said that he was convinced by officers on the seen that they were un-der danger of imminent attack.
    (WSJ, 9/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 9/12/96, p.A14)(AP, 9/7/97)

1993        Sep 7, President Clinton put forth an ambitious plan to "reinvent government" by reducing the federal bureaucracy.
    (AP, 9/7/98)
1993        Sep 7, Dr. Joycelyn Elders was confirmed by the Senate to be surgeon general.
    (AP, 9/7/98)
1993        Sep 7, Two white laborers were convicted in West Palm Beach, Fla., of burning a black tourist from New York; both were later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 9/7/98)
1993        Sep 7, Hall Bartlett (b.1922), US director, writer and producer, died. His film productions included “Jonathan Livingston Seagull" (1973).
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0058826/)

1994        Sep 7, U.S. Marines began training on a Puerto Rican island amid talk in Washington of a U.S.-led intervention in Haiti.
    (AP, 9/7/99)
1994        Sep 7, After a brief meeting, the United States and Cuba temporarily suspended talks on stemming the Cuban refugee exodus.
    (AP, 9/7/99)
1994        Sep 7, James Clavell (b.1924), Australian-born author and director (King Rat, Shogun), died in Switzerland.
    {Writer, film}
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0165412/)

1995        Sep 7, After 27 years in the Senate, Bob Packwood (Republican, Oregon) announced he would resign, heading off a vote by colleagues to expel him for allegations of sexual and official misconduct.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1995        Sep 7, John F. Kennedy Jr. unveiled his new "George" magazine.
    (www.boston.com/news/globe/ideas/articles/2005/10/09/the_george_effect/)
1995        Sep 7, The space shuttle “Endeavour" thundered into orbit with five astronauts on a mission to release and recapture a pair of science satellites.
    (AP, 9/7/00)

1996        Sep 7, Isabel Correa became the 40th person known to have died in the presence of Dr. Jack Kevorkian, less than a day after police burst into a Michigan motel room, interrupting a meeting between her and Kevorkian.
    (AP, 9/7/97)
1996        Sep. 7, Rapper Tupac Shakur was shot on the Las Vegas Strip; he died six days later.
    (AP, 9/7/97)
1996        Sep 7, Emergency food from the World Food Program reached Tubmanburg, Liberia, where half the 35,000 population suffered from extreme hunger.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A11)

1997        Sep 7, The US F-22 Raptor stealth fighter took its first flight from Dobbins Air Reserve Base north of Atlanta, Ga. The plane was estimated to cost $100 million.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)
1997        Sep 7, This was the scheduled date for Israel’s departure from the West Bank,  except for Jewish settlements and certain military locations according to a peace accord negotiated be-tween Arafat and Rabin on Sep 24, 1995.
    (SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)
1997        Sep 7, Mobuto Sese Seko (66), former dictator of Zaire, later Congo, died of prostate cancer in exile in Rabat, Morocco. Mobutu began his career in the Belgian Congolese army, rising to the highest rank available to Africans, sergeant-major. However, after leaving the army in 1956, he began to be involved with the independence movement, representing the nationalists at some negotiations. Five years after independence, in 1965, Mobutu, then commander in chief of the army, exploited a power struggle in the young government by assuming the presidency in a coup. Mobutu managed to stay in power over the following decades despite uprisings, coup attempts and Angola-backed rebels. In the early 1970s, he began to Africanize names in the country, most notably changing the name of the country from the Democratic Re-public of the Congo to the Republic of Zaire and his own name from Joseph-Désiré Mobutu to Mobutu Sese Seko Koko Ngbendu Wa Za Banga (which means “The all-powerful warrior who, because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, will go from conquest to conquest, leaving fire in his wake"). The end of the Cold War meant that, in 1991, Mobutu could no longer hold the same dictatorial control he had held over the country nor keep his party, the MPR, as the only legal political entity. With the beginnings of a multiparty system and a lack of Western finance, Mobutu released control of the government to the rebel leader Laurent Kabila in May 1997. Kabila‘s rebels—backed by Rwanda and Uganda—had been gaining ground over the past seven months. Mobutu died in exile several months later. In 2001 Michela Wrong authored “"In the Footsteps of Mr. Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in Mobutu’s Congo."
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/7/98)(HNQ, 2/15/01)(WSJ, 4/27/01, p.W10)
1997        Sep 7, In the disputed Kashmir region Indian and Pakistani gunners exchanged artillery fire and 14 villagers on the Pakistani side were reported killed and 5 were reported killed on the Indian side.
    (WSJ, 9/8/97, p.A16)

1998        Sep 7, In baseball the St. Louis Cardinal’s Mark McGwire hit his 61st home run at Busch Stadium in St. Louis against the Chicago Cubs in the first inning. This tied the 1961 record held by Roger Maris.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 7, In Atlanta the 4-day Million Youth Movement ended with a march of less than 10,000 black youths.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 7, Disneyland’s new Tomorrowland was scheduled to open this Memorial Day in Anaheim, Ca., with whirling orbs and speeding starships.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, p.T3)
1998        Sep 7, In Colorado 6 people were found shot to death at 3 locations in Aurora. Two teenagers killed 5 people and then one of the teens killed the other.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A3)(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 7, At the New York State Fair in Syracuse two people were killed during a heavy storm. Gov. George Pataki declared a disaster emergency in 9 counties.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A2)
1998        Sep 7, It was reported that 20 million Bangladeshis had their homes swamped by monsoon flood that lasted 2 months. Over 700 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A9)
1998        Sep 7, In Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Hun Sen ordered the arrests of his opponents and at least one person was killed as police fired into a crowd of protestors.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A8)
1998        Sep 7, In Indonesia students rallied in Jakarta and demanded that Pres. Habibie quit. Rioters in Kebumen attacked ethnic Chinese shops and homes.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 7, In Kenya the Central Bank took closed the Reliance Bank due to insufficient de-posits. Five businessmen and 4 officials were charged with fraud.
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A22)
1998        Sep 7, In Malaysia the market index rose 22.5%.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A14)
1998        Sep 7, Russian lawmakers rejected Boris Yeltsin's candidate for prime minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin, for a second time, throwing the country into even deeper political turmoil.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/7/99)
1998         Sep 7, A summit in Zimbabwe was scheduled to create conditions for a cease-fire in Congo. A half dozen nations gathered to fashion a draft initiative for peace.
    (SFEC, 9/6/98, p.A11)(SFC, 9/8/98, p.A8)

1999        Sep 7, Henry Cisneros, former housing secretary for Pres. Clinton, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor count of lying to the FBI on payments to a former mistress. He acknowledged payment of $250k. His investigation took 4 years and cost $10 million.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A3)
1999        Sep 7, The US threatened the withdrawal of financial aid to Indonesia if violence in East Timor was not curtailed.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 7, In NY twelve Puerto Rican prisoners agreed to accept Pres. Clinton's offer of conditional amnesty. The House of Rep. Later condemned the offer in a symbolic vote of 311-41.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 7, Viacom Inc. announced the acquisition of CBS Corp. for some $36 billion in stock. It was the richest media merger in history.
    (WSJ, 9/8/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/7/00)
1999        Sep 7, In Cambodia the military court charged Ta Mok, a former Khmer Rouge guerrilla chief, with genocide.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A15)
1999        Sep 7, In Egypt police shot and killed 4 suspected Islamic militants including Farid Kid-wan, leader of al-Gamaa al-Islamiya.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A14)
1999        Sep 7, In Greece a 5.9 earthquake hit Athens and 64 people were killed, 650 injured and 50 missing. The death toll later reached 143.
    (SFC, 9/8/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/16/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/7/00)
1999        Sep 7, Indonesia imposed martial law in East Timor, promising to crack down on ram-paging pro-Indonesian militias after the territory’s vote for independence.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1999        Sep 7, In Vietnam Madeleine Albright commissioned the new US consulate in Ho Chi Minh City.
    (WSJ, 9/8/99, p.A1)

2000        Sep 7, In SF a US District Judge ruled that federal authorities cannot strip doctors of their license to prescribe medicine if the physicians advise their patients to use marijuana.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 7, A jury in Coeur D'Alene, Idaho, awarded $6.3 million to a woman and her son who were attacked by Aryan Nations guards outside the white supremacist group's north Idaho headquarters.
    (AP, 9/7/01)
2000        Sep 7, Scientists reported that the ozone layer over Antarctica had grown to 11 million square miles.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.A7)
2000        Sep 7, In Chechnya 4 Russian soldiers were killed during a rebel ambush in Grozny.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 7, The UN Security Council approved an organizational overhaul of UN peacekeeping.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 7, In France taxi drivers began “Operation Escargot," driving into cities at a snails pace, to protest gasoline prices.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.A14)
2000        Sep 7, In West Timor 20 people were reported killed in the village of Betun in another rampage by militiamen.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A1)

2001        Sep 7, The final “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood" TV show aired as Fred Rogers (72) re-tired.
    (SFC, 8/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 7, Venus Williams and Serena Williams reached the finals of the U.S. Open, be-coming the first sisters to play for a Grand Slam championship in more than 100 years.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2001        Sep 7, The White House budget chief warned top congressional Republicans the Social Security surplus was on track to be tapped for other programs, prompting a hastily called meeting to discuss ways of avoiding that politically perilous scenario.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2001        Sep 7, The US State Dept. issued a memo that warned Americans “may be the target of a terrorist threat."
    (SFC, 9/14/01, p.A13)
2001        Sep 7, The US jobless rate for August was reported with a rise of .4%. The DJIA fell 235 to 9,605. The Nasdaq ended at 1,687.
    (SFC, 9/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 7, In Miami 13 current and former police officers were indicted for planting evidence, coverups and multiple cases of misconduct from the mid 1990s. More indictments were expected.
    (SFC, 9/8/01, p.A3)
2001        Sep 7, Fabio Ochoa, former leader of the Medellin cartel, was extradited from Colombia to the US to stand trial for shipping cocaine to the US.
    (SFC, 9/8/01, p.A8)
2001        Sep 7, Australia intercepted a boat with 200 migrants and put them on the same ship taking 433 Afghans to Papua New Guinea.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A15)
2001        Sep 7, In Gaza City Yasser Arafat was reported to be in discussions with Hamas on a power-sharing proposal.
    (SFC, 9/8/01, p.A8)
2001        Sep 7, In Nigeria violence between Christians and Muslims erupted in Jos. Pres. Obasanjo called out the military the next day with dozens dead. Thousands fled the area and at least 70 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 9/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 7, In South Africa the UN Conference on Racism went into overtime and agreed on a deal. The conference acknowledged that slavery and the salve trade were crimes against humanity, expressed an apology and offered a package of economic assistance to Africa. A deal on the Middle East was not yet reached.
    (SFC, 9/8/01, p.A8)

2002        Sep 7, Serena Williams easily beat Venus Williams 6-4, 6-3 to win the U.S. Open and a third straight Grand Slam title.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Sep 7, Pres. Bush met with British PM Tony Blair at Camp David, Md., to work out a strategy for taking action against Iraq's Saddam Hussein. They said the world had to act against Saddam Hussein, arguing that the Iraqi leader had defied the United Nations and reneged on promises to destroy weapons of mass destruction.
    (SSFC, 9/8/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Sep 7, U.S. Navy fighter jets dropped dummy bombs and inert missiles on Vieques in military exercises that have divided this outlying Puerto Rican island for years.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, Uzi Gal (79), the German-born inventor of Israel's Uzi submachine gun, died in Philadelphia of a long illness. [see 1954]
    (AP, 9/9/02)(SFC, 9/10/02, p.A16)
2002        Sep 7, In Paris over 6,000 people marched through to demand residency permits for France's illegal immigrants in the largest of a series of recent rallies.
    (AP, 9/7/02)     
2002        Sep 7, Indonesian officials say 35 deportees from Malaysia have died at sprawling makeshift camps in Borneo as they await the arrival of a navy vessel bringing medical help.
    (Reuters, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, In Nepal over one thousand Maoist rebels, fighting to topple Nepal's constitutional monarchy, attacked a police post in the east of the country and killed 49 police officers.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 7, In Portugal the town of Reguengos de Monsaraz openly flouted a new bullfighting law, killing a bull in the ring without government permission, and selling the beef for human consumption afterward. The matador and the festival organizers will be arraigned in the first le-gal test of the new anti-bullfighting law. Killing in the bullring had been banned since 1928. However, Parliament voted in July to allow bulls to be put to death, but only in cities and towns that have carried on the bullfighting tradition for 50 years or more.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 7, In Turkey 17 people were killed in separate bus crashes Saturday, including two members of a professional Turkish soccer team.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, The U.N. Security Council has decided to keep U.N. peacekeepers in Ethiopia and Eritrea six more months to give the countries time to mark their border.
    (AP, 9/7/02)
2002        Sep 7, Katrin Cartlidge (41), the spirited English actress who distinguished herself in the movies of Mike Leigh and in the London theater, died of septicemia resulting from pneumonia.
    (AP, 9/10/02)

2003        Sep 7, President Bush spoke on national TV and said he would ask Congress for $87 billion to fight terrorism. He cautioned that the struggle "will take time and require sacrifice."
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, The top American commander in Afghanistan said Taliban fighters, paid and trained by al-Qaida, were pouring into Afghanistan from Pakistan.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, Goran Markovic's "The Cordon", a film from Serbia and Montenegro about the behavior of policemen during the demonstrations against president Slobodan Milosevic in 1997, won the top prize at the Montreal film festival.
    (Reuters, 9/7/03)
2003        Sep 7, The Russian drama "The Return" won the Venice Film Festival's Golden Lion for best picture. Vladimir Girin (15), star of the film, drowned shortly after the film was shot. Randa Chahal Sabbag, Lebanese filmmaker, won the Silver Lion prize for her film “Le cerf-volant" (The Kite), a love story between a Lebanese girl and an Israeli border guard.
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.D5)(WPR, 3/04, p.45)
2003        Sep 7, Warren Zevon (56), songwriter, died in West Hollywood. His work included the 1970s rock hit "Werewolves of London."
    (AP, 9/8/03)(WSJ, 9/9/03, p.D6)
2003        Sep 7, Fighting in northeast Colombia killed seven army soldiers and at least eight rebels.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, A ferry boat traveling from Indonesia's Bali island sank, killing at least six people and leaving dozens missing.
    (AP, 9/7/03)
2003        Sep 7, Mamohato Bereng Seeiso (62), the queen mother of the tiny mountain kingdom of Lesotho, died after collapsing in a church outside the capital.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 7, Macedonian police clashed with ethnic Albanian militants in the volatile north, and reported killing several men in what they said was a major sweep against groups that threaten the Balkan country's fragile peace.
    (AP, 9/7/03)
2003        Sep 7, Palestinian Pres. Yasser Arafat tapped the parliament speaker, Ahmed Qureia, to take over as prime minister following the resignation of Mahmoud Abbas.
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/7/08)

2004        Sep 7, The Congressional Budget Office said the US deficit would hit a record $422 bil-lion this year.
    (SFC, 9/8/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 7, Kirk Fordice (70), former Mississippi Gov. (1992-2000) died in Jackson, Miss.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2004        Sep 7, In southwestern China floods unleashed by torrential rains have killed at least 161 people and left dozens more missing, prompting authorities to put the massive Three Gorges hydroelectric project on alert.
    (AP, 9/7/04)(WSJ, 9/7/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 7, Hundreds of angry farmers seized Guatemala's largest hydroelectric dam, threatening to shut off power to large parts of the country unless the government agrees to re-turn nearby lands to them.
    (AP, 9/7/04)
2004        Sep 7, British oil exploration firm Cairn Energy, which has announced a series of oil discoveries in India, said that oil in place in the Mangala field was estimated to reach one billion barrels, with recoverable reserves of 100-320 million barrels.
    (AFP, 9/7/04)
2004        Sep 7, Munir Said Thalib (b.1965), prominent Indonesian human rights activist, died of arsenic poisoning aboard a Garuda Indonesia flight to the Netherlands. In March, 2005, Garuda pilot Pollycarpus Budihari Priyanto was taken into custody. In June it was reported that Indonesia’s intelligence service was involved in Thalib’s death. In December, 2005, Pollycarpus Priyanto was found guilty of Munir's murder by an Indonesian court and sentenced to 14 years imprisonment. In 2006 Indonesia’s Supreme Court quashed the murder conviction citing insufficient evidence. In 2008 Indonesia’s supreme court found Pollycarpus Priyanto guilty of poisoning Munir and sentenced him to 20 years in prison. In 2008 Indonesian police arrested Muchdi Purwoprandjono, a former top intelligence official, for suspected involvement in the killing of Thalib.
    (WSJ, 6/27/05, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munir_Said_Thalib)(AFP, 10/4/06)(AFP, 1/25/08)(AP, 6/19/08)
2004        Sep 7, US forces battled insurgents loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in the Bagh-dad slum of Sadr City, in clashes that killed 34 people, including one American soldier. The US death toll in Iraq topped 1,000 since military operation began in March 2003. In private estimates Iraqi deaths ranged from 10,000 to 30,000 killed across the nation.
    (AP, 9/7/04)(SFC, 9/8/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 7, An Italian aid organization said that two Italian women were kidnapped from its office in Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/7/04)
2004        Sep 7, Israeli helicopters attacked a Hamas training camp, killing at least 14 militants and wounding 30 others.
    (AP, 9/7/04)
2004        Sep 7, A Nepali labor union with links to Maoist rebels asked 35 firms across the embattled Himalayan kingdom to shut shop in a move aimed at bolstering the guerrilla campaign to overthrow the monarchy.
    (Reuters, 9/7/04)

2005        Sep 7, President Bush led the nation in a final tribute to William H. Rehnquist, remembering the 16th chief justice as the Supreme Court’s steady leader and a man of lifetime integrity.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2005        Sep 7, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger said he would veto a bill to legalize same-sex marriage "out of respect for the will of the people." He cited Proposition 22, a ballot measure passed in 2000 that defined marriage in California.
    (AP, 9/8/05)(SFC, 9/8/05, p.A5)
2005        Sep 7, Police and soldiers went house to house in New Orleans to try to coax the last stubborn holdouts into leaving the storm-shattered city. More than 30 patients were reportedly found dead overcome by floods at the St. Rita’s nursing home in suburban New Orleans. Police in Gretna, Louisiana, pushed back victims trying to leave New Orleans on the Crescent City Connection, and refused passage.
    (AFP, 9/8/05)(AP, 9/7/06)(SFC, 9/9/05, p.B10)
2005        Sep 7, Apple Computer Inc. Chief Executive Steve Jobs introduced a long-anticipated music-playing cell phone, the Motorola Rokr, and surprised the faithful with the new iPod nano.
    (AP, 9/8/05)(WSJ, 9/8/05, p.B1)
2005        Sep 7, Hundreds of Afghan refugees attacked a UN refugee agency office in northwest Pakistan in protest at delays in repatriating them. Pakistan has ordered the closure of all refugee camps in its semi-autonomous tribal regions because of security concerns. It originally gave an August 31 deadline but it has since given them until September 15.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 7, In Colombia leftist rebels and right-wing paramilitary fighters battled in La Esmeralda village, leaving 15 people dead, including two children, in a fight over territory and the cocaine trade.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 7, Egyptians voted in the country's first-ever contested presidential election, but charges of fraud and a big boycott rally marred balloting that longtime leader Hosni Mubarak portrayed as a major democratic reform.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2005        Sep 7, European Union governments backed a deal to unblock Chinese textiles held at EU borders, ending a trade dispute that saw some 77 million garments pile up after imports broke through 2005 limits.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2005        Sep 7, In India the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was notified. It guaranteed all rural households 100 days of employment a year.
    (Econ, 3/20/10, p.50)(www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/node/255264)
2005        Sep 7, Iran offered to send the US 20 million barrels of crude oil to help it overcome the devastation of Hurricane Katrina if Washington waives trade sanctions.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2005        Sep 7, Iraqi and US forces encircled the insurgent stronghold of Tal Afar, and the Iraqi military announced the arrest of 200 suspected insurgents, most of them foreign fighters. A roadside bomb struck a convoy of American security guards in the southern city of Basra, killing four US contractors. A suicide bomber blew up his explosives-laden car outside a takeout restaurant in Basra, killing at least 10 people and wounding 15. US troops rescued American Roy Hallums, held hostage 10 months.
    (AP, 9/7/05) (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 7, About 100 masked militants stormed the heavily guarded home of Moussa Arafat (65), Gaza's former security chief, dragged him out in his pajamas and killed him in a burst of gunfire days before Israel was to hand over Gaza. The Popular Resistance Committees, a violent group made up largely of former members of the Fatah movement of Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2005        Sep 7, Investigators strongly criticized UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, his deputy and the Security Council for allowing Saddam Hussein to bilk some $10.2 billion from the giant humanitarian operation.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2005        Sep 7, A powerful tropical storm churned northward through the Sea of Japan, killing at least 16 people and leaving landslides and flooded towns in its wake.
    (AP, 9/7/05)
2005        Sep 7, North Korea offered to return the USS Pueblo, captured in 1968, if a top-level official agrees to visit.
    (WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 7, In Trinidad Jason Raymond-Guillen, the 19-year-old son of a newspaper editor, was seized outside his home by kidnappers who demanded a $2 million ransom.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 7, Farmers and other experts said Zimbabwe, once a regional breadbasket, is facing its worst agricultural season since independence in 1980, with shortages of seed, fertilizer and equipment threatening next year's harvest before it even has been planted.
    (AP, 9/7/05)

2006        Sep 7, American officials said the US government has ordered Venezuela to close its military purchasing office in Miami after suspending arms sales to the South American country.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, Former Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage confirmed he was the source of a leak that had disclosed the identity of CIA employee Valerie Plame, saying he didn't realize Plame's job was covert.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2006        Sep 7, Mohammad Khatami, former president of Iran (1997-2005), spoke at Washington National Cathedral as part of a 2-week speaking tour in the US. He urged dialogue instead of threats. A group of Jewish Iranians, who say their missing relatives were kidnapped and tortured by the Iranian government, filed suit in Manhattan against Khatami. They delivered the summons to him directly the next day as he visited the US.
    (SFC, 9/8/06, p.A13)(AP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 7, BP America, the US arm of British energy giant BP, said it will spend more than 550 million dollars (432 million euros) over the next two years on improvements to its Alaskan oil fields, including pipeline repairs.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, Hewlett-Packard disclosed that an investigator, hired by its board of directors, had secretly obtained phone records of 9 journalists as part of an effort to unmask information leaks to the media. Director George Keyworth resigned after he was found to be the source of the leak. Sub-contractors engaged in pretexting, the use of false pretences, to obtain personal information. HP faced Congressional hearings over the tactics used to unveil Keyworth.
    (SFC, 9/8/06, p.A1)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.70)
2006        Sep 7, Britain’s PM Tony Blair reluctantly promised to resign within a year, hoping that revealing a general time frame for his departure will appease critics who are calling for him to step down.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, Burundi's government and the country's last rebel group, the National Liberation Forces (FNL) signed a permanent cease-fire as the central African nation emerges from 12 years of civil war.
    (AP, 9/7/06)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.57)
2006        Sep 7, Chad Pres. Idriss Deby and Chevron CEO David O’Reilly met in Paris for talks on oil taxes. Chad said Chevron agreed to pay back taxes.
    (SFC, 9/9/06, p.C1)
2006        Sep 7, Cyprus impounded a Panama-flagged vessel on arms smuggling suspicion. It carried 18 North Korean mobile radar units and 3 command vehicles due for delivery to Syria.
    (WSJ, 9/8/06, p.A1)(Reuters, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 7, Gunmen held up a truck in a restricted area of Guatemala City's international air-port and made off with $8 million of $22 million that was to be shipped from the Bank of Guatemala to the U.S. Federal Reserve.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, Coalition forces handed over control of Iraq's armed forces command to the government. Initially, this would apply only to the 8th Iraqi Army Division, the air force and the navy. The other nine Iraqi division remain under US command, with authority gradually being transferred. Six bomb attacks targeting police patrols in Baghdad killed at least 17 people and wounded more than 50. A British soldier died of injuries sustained when his patrol came under fire in Qurnah.
    (AP, 9/7/06)(AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 7, Ivory Coast PM Charles Konan Banny announced the resignation of his cabinet over the Aug 19 toxic waste scandal.
    (Reuters, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, Workers at Lebanon's only airport prepared to receive a full flow of commercial flights. Israel began lifting its air blockade of Lebanon, but the naval blockade will remain in place until troops from the new UN international force are in place.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, In Mexico a landslide buried buses and cars on a highway in the central state of Puebla and killed at least four travelers.
    (AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Sep 7, Russia's state-owned nuclear power company said it was seeking to build Morocco's first nuclear plant, as Russian President Vladimir Putin signed cooperation deals with the Moroccan king as part of an economic mission to expand Russia's African reach.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 7, In Siberia a blaze broke out in the Darasun gold mine in the Chita region. 64 miners were working underground when the fire broke out. 31 were rescued or evacuated, including 15 who were hospitalized. Rescuers recovered 12 bodies. Eight miners emerged from the burning mine after two days. The fate of at least nine others remained unknown in the accident that killed at least 16. Rescuers on Sep 10 found the bodies of the last four miners trapped deep underground at a remote Russian gold mine, bringing the final death toll to 25. On Sep 11 Rescuers recovered the bodies of the last of 25 miners.
    (AP, 9/8/06)(AP, 9/9/06)(Reuters, 9/10/06)(AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 7, Medical experts said a killer strain of drug-resistant tuberculosis has been found in at least 28 hospitals across South Africa and that it jeopardized efforts to deal with AIDS.
    (SFC, 9/8/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 7, A Thai court decided to extradite a Vietnamese dissident to face charges of violating airspace for a stunt that involved hijacking a plane and dropping 50,000 anti-communist leaflets over Ho Chi Minh City. Ly Tong, a South Vietnamese air force veteran who later became a US citizen, hijacked the twin-engine plane from Thailand in November 2000.
    (AP, 9/7/06)

2007        Sep 7, A US federal judge said Iran must pay $2.65 billion to the families of the 241 US service members killed in the 1983 bombing of the US Marine barracks in Beirut, in a ruling that left survivors and families shedding tears of joy. A day later Iran rejected the ruling.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 7, The California Legislature, for the 2nd time in three years, approved a bill to give same-sex couples the right to marry. Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed it.
    (SFC, 6/27/15, p.A14)
2007        Sep 7, The Roman Catholic Diocese of San Diego said it has agreed to pay $198.1 million to settle 144 claims of sexual abuse by clergy, the second-largest payment by a diocese. The agreement caps more than four years of negotiations in state and federal courts.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, In a new video released ahead of the sixth anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks, Osama bin Laden made no overt threats but lectured Americans on the Iraq war and criticized global capitalism, calling its leaders the real terrorists. He also urged Americans to convert to Islam in order to end the war in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/8/07)(SFC, 9/8/07, p.A6)
2007        Sep 7, Bako Saakian, the former security chief of Nagorno-Karabakh, was sworn as the new president of the Armenian-controlled breakaway region.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, In Australia Pacific Rim negotiators agreed on a joint statement on global warming that would ask developing nations to commit to energy efficiency targets and acknowledge that wealthy countries have greater responsibility for the problem.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Leaders of Australia and Russia signed a deal to export Australian uranium to fuel Russian nuclear reactors, but promised it would not be transferred to Iran's disputed atomic program.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Chad for talks with President Idriss Deby Itno on the Darfur crisis in neighbouring Sudan, and the plight of refugees who have fled to his country.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, China's securities regulator said it has approved an application by China Construction Bank, the nation's biggest mortgage lender, to issue shares in what could be one of China's biggest initial public offerings. Chinese stocks broke their winning streak, with the benchmark index falling 2.2 percent after the central bank raised the amount of reserves banks are required to hold.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Renegade Congolese General Laurent Nkunda said the Congolese army had attacked his position, breaking a fragile ceasefire negotiated by United Nations mediators in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, The government of Gibraltar called a general election and dissolved the British colony's parliament. Chief Minister Peter Caruana set the elections for Oct. 11.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Sunni, Shiite, Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Christian, and Shinto leaders gathered in Greenland for a 6-day coastal tour and symposium called "The Arctic: Mirror of Life," designed to focus global attention on climate change.
    (www.enn.com/climate/commentary/22800)(Econ, 9/22/07, p.70)
2007        Sep 7, Guyana officials said pirate attacks along its rivers and Atlantic coast have prompted the South American country to set up an emergency radio network for boaters and place special markings on engines to track stolen equipment.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 7, In northwestern India a large truck crammed with Hindu pilgrims crashed into a gorge, killing at least 85 people and injuring 64.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 7, Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Eshagh al-Fayyadh, one of the top four Shiite clerics in Iraq, called on Muslims to keep religion out of politics and not use mosques and religious events for the interest of political groups, sects or personalities. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol near Baqouba, killing one soldier and wounding two, while another roadside bomb killed one civilian and wounded four others southeast of Baghdad. 3 men were killed in an operation targeting a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq leader north of Baghdad. Gen. David Petraeus, the top US commander in Iraq, conceded that the buildup of American combat forces has fallen short of its goal of prompting Iraqi political progress. A US Marine died in Iraq's Anbar province in a non-combat situation.
    (AP, 9/7/07)(AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 7, The Kenya Wildlife Service warned in a report that wild animals are vanishing from Nairobi National Park, Kenya's oldest game reserve which borders the airport at Nairobi.
    (AFP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Moroccans began voting in parliamentary elections likely to make the country's leading political force an Islamist party that has tapped into people's mounting disillusionment with the parties in power. The main opposition Islamist party failed to make its hoped-for break-through in legislative elections, marked by an historic low turnout of only 41 percent. Voters handed power to a secular conservative party that is a member of the ruling coalition.
    (AP, 9/7/07)(AFP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 7, In Nicaragua rescuers scooped bodies from the open sea as the death toll from Hurricane Felix neared 100.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, In Pakistan lawyers said government has reopened corruption cases against former PM Nawaz Sharif. A court ordered the arrest of his brother in a murder case, three days before their expected return to Pakistan to challenge its Pres. Gen. Musharraf. In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants beheaded two women on the outskirts of Bannu after accusing them of being prostitutes. In Mingora, a town south of Bannu, a bomb blast destroyed 48 shops in a downtown market, 33 of them selling music and movie CDs. Suspected militants shot dead the son and a nephew of a progovernment tribal elder in Bajur, a tribally governed region bordering Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Hamas security forces armed with rifles and clubs beat Fatah supporters trying to hold street prayers to protest the Islamic group's rule in Gaza. Hamas men also assaulted at least seven Palestinian journalists and detained five.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Poland's parliament voted to dissolve itself, forcing an election that the government had sought to end persistent political turbulence. President Lech Kaczynski set the vote for Oct. 21, two years ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Portuguese police suggested that Kate McCann (39), the mother of a toddler whose disappearance sparked international headlines, accidentally killed her daughter Madeleine, who disappeared on May 3.
    (AFP, 9/7/07)
2007        Sep 7, Pope Benedict XVI paid tribute to Holocaust victims, extending his "sadness, repentance and friendship" to the Jewish people as he began a 3-day pilgrimage to Austria.
    (AP, 9/7/07)

2008        Sep 7, At the MTV Video Music Awards on the show's 25th anniversary, the network threw its full support behind Britney Spears' comeback. Spears won a leading three awards, including video of the year for "Piece of Me."
    (AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 7, US Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announced plans to take control of troubled mortgage finance giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and replace the companies’ chief executives. This would effectively wipe out shareholders' interest in the publicly traded companies. 27% of the nation’s 8,500 banks lost a combined $10-15 billion from holdings in preferred shares in Fannie and Freddie.
    (Reuters, 9/7/08)(WSJ, 9/8/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/23/08, p.A4)
2008        Sep 7, In Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers detonated bombs inside the police headquarters in Kandahar city, killing six policemen. In southern Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and seven wounded when their armored vehicle struck an explosive device while on patrol.
    (AP, 9/7/08)(Reuters, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 7, The conservation group WWF said Australian koalas are dying by the thousands as a result of land clearing in the country's northeast, while millions of birds and reptiles are also perishing. Queensland state last week revealed that 375,000 hectares of bush were cleared in 2005-06, a figure WWF said would have resulted in the deaths of two million mammals.
    (AP, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, In London an urgent inquiry was underway after a disc containing the personal details of 5,000 justice staff went missing in yet another embarrassing data loss blunder. Private contractor EDS told the Prison Service in July that the hard drive had gone astray. The missing disc was last seen in July 2007.
    (AP, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper called an election for October 14 in a bid to strengthen his grip on power after 2-1/2 years in charge of a minority Conservative Party government.
    (Reuters, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, In China a flood swamped the mine in Yuzhou city of Henan province trapping 23 people.
    (AP, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, In Haiti at least 58 people died as Ike's winds and rain swept the impoverished Caribbean nation. Officials also found three more bodies from a previous storm, raising Haiti's death toll from four tropical storms in less than a month to 319. A Dominican man was crushed by a falling tree. Ike damaged most of the homes on Grand Turk island as it roared onto the Bahamas and threatened the Florida Keys on its way to Cuba as a ferocious Category 4 storm.
    (AP, 9/7/08)(AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 7, Hong Kong's pro-democracy politicians lost several legislative seats in elections, but held onto their veto power over major legislation as they push for greater political freedoms in the Chinese territory. Democratic parties won 23 of 60 legislative seats in the voting, down from their previous 26.
    (AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 7, Italy's foreign minister, after meeting US Vice President Dick Cheney, said the EU wants to work closely with the United States in resolving the Georgian crisis.
    (AP, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, Pakistan’s reserves in the 1st week of September fell to $5.5 billion, enough to cover just two months of imports. Reserves as of last November were about $14 billion.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.48)
2008        Sep 7, South Korean police arrested four people over the theft of data on 11 million customers of a local oil refiner in what is being called the country's largest-ever data leak.
    (AFP, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7-2008 Sep 8, Spanish police said immigrants went on a rampage in the southern Spanish town of Roquetas de Mar overnight, setting fire to homes and cars and throwing stones at police, after a Senegalese man (28) was stabbed to death in an apparent dispute over drugs. The Rampage continued for a 2nd night.
    (Reuters, 9/7/08)(AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 7, A Darfur rebel group says it has successfully repelled a government assault in North Darfur, but the Sudanese government denies it carried out any operations in the area.
    (AP, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, In the Virgin Islands US federal agent William Clark (33) intervened in a couple's drunken fight outside his apartment and shot Marcus Sukow to death. Clark was charged with murder and faced trial. In 2010 the case was dismissed on a technicality: that proper procedure was not followed in identifying Sukow's body to the medical examiner.
    (AP, 10/23/10)(AP, 10/28/10)
2008        Sep 7, Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said his party would rather withdraw from power-sharing talks than sign an unsatisfactory deal and challenged President Robert Mugabe to call a new poll.
    (AP, 9/7/08)

2009        Sep 7, US snacks company Kraft Foods launched a 10.2 billion pound bid for its British rival Cadbury, with traders expecting the price to run higher as takeover activity returns to the markets. Cadbury immediately rejected the offer.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, In Tennessee 3 people were shot to death at a mobile home near Lafayette.
    (SFC, 9/8/09, p.A6)
2009        Sep 7, Six American tourists in Antigua were charged with assault and malicious damage after refusing to pay a cab fare on Sep 4, which they thought was excessive and later scuffling with police officers. They were released on $5,000 bail each. Their Carnival Cruise Lines ship left without them. On Oct 3 five New York tourists pleaded guilty to fighting with plain-clothes police officers after disputing the $100 cab fare. Prosecutors dropped charges against a sixth tourist.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Sep 7, Three British Muslims were convicted of conspiring to kill thousands of civilians by blowing up trans-Atlantic flights in midair with liquid explosives disguised as soft drinks. Abdulla Ahmed Ali (28), Assad Sarwar (29), and Tanvir Hussain (28) were found guilty of conspiracy to murder by detonating explosives on aircraft. The men's arrests in August 2006 had led to huge travel chaos. 5 others were also tried. Umar Islam was convicted of conspiracy to murder. The jury failed to reach a verdict on 3 others. Donald Stewart-Whyte was cleared.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.62)
2009        Sep 7, Gabon's main opposition parties demanded authorities conduct a recount of a disputed election the government said was won by the son of the country's long-ruling president.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, In Guatemala four prison officials were shot to death in three separate attacks that authorities believed were retaliation for a jail crackdown. Officials over the weekend had seized cell phones and moved inmates to different prisons to break up an extortion ring.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, A small Indonesian military plane crashed on Borneo with nine passengers and crew aboard, killing four.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said Iran will neither halt uranium enrichment nor negotiate over its nuclear rights but is ready to sit and talk with world powers over "global challenges."
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, In western Iraq a suicide car bomber targeted a line of vehicles stopped at a checkpoint near Ramadi, killing eight people and wounding 16. In Baghdad a bomb killed a driver as he approached a military checkpoint in Sadr City district. Two children playing with a hand grenade they found in a stream were killed when it exploded in the northern city of Kirkuk. Abdul-Basit Turki, director general of the Finance Ministry’s auditing department, was charged with wasting public funds. Bombings killed at least 17 people nationwide.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(SFC, 9/8/09, p.A4)
2009        Sep 7, Israel officially approved the construction of hundreds of new homes in the West Bank, deepening an already unprecedented rift with the US over Israeli settlement expansion. Israel PM Netanyahu vanished from public view in Israel for most of the day. His office said he had visited a secret security facility. It was later confirmed that he had made a secret trip to Russia, which included a meeting with the Russia’s Pres. Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(AP, 9/20/09)
2009        Sep 7, Yukio Hatoyama, Japan's next prime minister, vowed to slash greenhouse gas emissions by 25% from 1990 levels by 2020.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, Mexican President Felipe Calderon accepted the resignation of Attorney General Eduardo Medina-Mora, who was leading the battle against drug cartels, making the biggest shakeup yet in his offensive against organized crime. Calderon said he will send the Senate the nomination of Arturo Chavez, a little known lawyer who has worked as both a state and federal prosecutor, to replace Medina-Mora. In the Pacific port of Lazaro Cardenas, about 150 federal police officers assigned to fight cartels went on strike, saying they have not been paid in two months or received hazard bonuses.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 7, Five Pakistani soldiers were killed in a land mine blast in the Taliban bastion of South Waziristan. A suspected US missile strike killed 5 people at Machi Khel village in North Waziristan close to the Afghan border. Al-Qaida operations chief Ilyas Kashmiri, a Pakistani national, was later believed to be among the dead.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(SFC, 9/8/09, p.A2)(AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 7, A Sudanese judge convicted Lubna Hussein, a woman journalist, for violating the public indecency law by wearing trousers outdoors and fined her $200, but did not impose a feared flogging penalty. Hussein said she will not pay a penny while still in court custody, wearing the same trousers that had sparked her arrest.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
 2009        Sep 7, UK-based Global Witness said they had found serious discrepancies in reports of Sudan's oil revenues which could mean Khartoum's government was underpaying its strife torn south by hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (Reuters, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, Taiwan's Premier Liu Chao-shiuan resigned amid strong criticism of the government's slow response to the most devastating storm to hit the island in 50 years. Pres. Ma Ying-jeou named Nationalist Party Secretary General Wu Den-yih (61) to replace Liu.
    (AP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, The UN’s Children's Fund reacted furiously to Sri Lanka's decision to expel its spokesman over his allegedly pro-rebel stance in the final stages of the island's ethnic war. James Elder, communications chief for UNICEF in Sri Lanka, was accused by the government of issuing "propaganda" in support of the Tamil Tiger separatists before their defeat at the hands of government forces in May.
    (AFP, 9/7/09)
2009        Sep 7, Turkish military police stormed an Istanbul villa to rescue nine captive women whose scantily clad images were posted online after they were recruited for a television reality show. The women had been held captive for about two months. About 14 people had been working on the show for the Istanbul Grup Bilisim Electronic, Trade, Communication and Advertisement company.
    (AP, 9/10/09)

2010        Sep 7, George Soros gave $100 million to Human Rights Watch.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.72)
2010        Sep 7, Hewlett-Packard filed a lawsuit to stop former CEO Mark Hurd from working at Oracle Corp. Hurd had signed several nondisclosure agreements at HP.
    (SFC, 9/9/10, p.D1)
2010        Sep 7, In Michigan fires swept through 85 structures in at least 3 Detroit neighborhoods as 50 mph winds downed 62 power lines.
    (SFC, 9/8/10, p.A6)(SFC, 9/9/10, p.A10)
2010        Sep 7, The Rev. Lucius Walker (b.1930) died of a heart attack in New York. He headed the nonprofit Pastors for Peace, which since 1992 has brought tons of supplies to Cuba via Mexico and Canada in defiance of Washington's nearly half-century-old trade embargo.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard will lead the country's first minority government in 67 years after two independent lawmakers threw their support behind her center-left Labor Party, ending two weeks of uncertainty left by national elections that ended on a knife-edge.
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, Strikes hobbled public transit in London and across France, forcing tourists and commuters to alter their plans as they bore the brunt of a wave of discontent over government cost-cutting measures, a wave expected to soon prompt walkouts elsewhere on the continent. Some 1.2-2.7 million people in France took to the streets for the one-day strike.
    (AP, 9/7/10)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.31)
2010        Sep 7, Two Chinese oil workers went missing but more than 30 others were rescued from a listing Sinopec rig off the northeast coast. The company insisted no oil was spilled.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, A Chinese fishing boat collided with two Japanese patrol vessels near a chain of disputed islands. On Nov 1 Japanese lawmakers said a coast guard video shows a Chinese trawler intentionally ramming Japanese vessels in the incident, which sparked the worst row in years between the Asian powers.
    (AFP, 11/1/10)
2010        Sep 7, Police in southeastern Congo say they have arrested three men carrying six suitcases full of elephant tusks. 3 Chinese nationals were caught at Lumumbashi's airport while trying to fly to Nairobi, Kenya. The men said they bought the ivory from antique dealers.
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, The EU condemned the stoning to death sentence passed against Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, an Iranian woman convicted for adultery, saying it was "barbaric."
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, Germany police raided buildings used by the country’s largest neo-Nazi group in an effort to find evidence to support banning it. The sweep targeted 30 buildings and houses across the country belonging to members of the Aid Organization for National Political Victims and their Relatives (HNG).
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Honduras men armed with assault rifles burst into a shoe factory in San Pedro Sula and opened fire, killing at least 18 workers and wounding five. The massacre was apparently carried out as part of a turf battle between small-scale drug gangs.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung volcano shot a towering cloud of black ash high into the air, dusting villages 15 miles (25 km) away in its most powerful eruption since awakening last week from four centuries of dormancy.
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, Iran said that it was within its rights to vet UN inspectors who monitor its nuclear facilities after the UN watchdog said its work was being hampered by the barring of some of its staff.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Iraq Riad al-Saray, a prominent state television anchorman, was shot dead as he was driving in the capital. Reporters Without Borders has tallied 230 cases of journalists and media staff killed in the country since the conflict broke out on 20 March 2003. An Iraqi soldier, Soran Rahman Saleh Wali, opened fire on a group of American troops protecting one of their commanders during a visit to an Iraqi army base. Two American soldiers were killed and nine others were wounded in the attack. Wali was killed and his brother, who works as a policeman in Tuz Khurmatu, was arrested. A grenade attack on a US military convoy in the Salaheddin provincial capital Tikrit wounded two American soldiers and four Iraqi civilians. One of the attackers was killed.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)(AP, 9/8/10)(AFP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, A Health Ministry official said Japan has confirmed the nation's first case of a new gene in bacteria that allows the microorganisms to become drug-resistant superbugs, detected in a man who had medical treatment in India.
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Mexico pieces of the dismembered bodies of two men were found scattered around a children's park in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. Gunmen attacked a vehicle in Ciudad Juarez carrying inmates from the city's prison, killing 2 guards and wounding a prisoner.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Mexico 7 women serving prison terms of up to 29 years for the death of their newborns were freed after a legal reform enacted in the state of Guanajuato lowered their sentences.
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, Mozambique Planning Minister Aiuba Cuereneia said that the 20 percent increase in the government-set price of bread — which had followed a year of steady increases on the staple in this impoverished country — that went into effect a day earlier would be reversed. He said an increase in the price of water also would be reversed, but that higher electricity tariffs were being maintained.
    (AP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, Myanmar’s ruling junta leader, Gen. Than Shwe, began a 4-day visit to China. This year alone China had already invested over $8 billion in Myanmar.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.52)
2010        Sep 7, Nigerian authorities banned night time use of motorcycles in a northern state after a spate of killings by bike-riding gunmen suspected of being Islamist sect members. The radical Boko Haram Muslim sect used assault rifles to launch a coordinated sunset raid on a prison in Bauchi, freeing over 700 prisoners including more than 100 followers and raising new fears about violence just months before elections. Five people, a soldier, a police officer, two prison guards and a civilian, died in the attack and six others were in critical condition.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)(AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Pakistan at least 17 people were killed and more than 20 wounded in a bomb attack targeting a police headquarters in the northwestern city of Kohat.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)(SFC, 9/8/10, p.A3)
2010        Sep 7, The UN said more than 10 million people have been left without shelter in Pakistan's floods for the past 6 weeks, in "one of the worst humanitarian disasters" in UN history.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Slovenia a government expert said a mass grave has been discovered containing bodies of about 700 victims killed by antifascists in the wake of World War II. Researchers examined a pit in a forest near the town of Prevalje in the country's northeast last week and discovered the bodies.
    (AP, 9/7/10)

2011        Sep 7, The Obama administration announced charges against 91 people for bilking Medicare out of nearly $300 million and victimizing elderly and disabled people dependent on the federal insurance program.
    (SFC, 9/8/11, p.A12)
2011        Sep 7, The US federal government tapped SolarCity of San Mateo, Ca., for a $1 billion effort to install solar panels at 124 US military bases over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 9/8/11, p.D1)
2011        Sep 7, The Afghan government charged that a NATO decision to stop transferring detainees to some Afghan-run detention centers is unjustified and damages the handover of security to local forces. A French paratrooper was killed by insurgent fire during an operation in the eastern province of Kapisa. A roadside bomb in eastern Khost province killed five Afghan soldiers. A Turkish engineer was killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, An international panel said more than 100 jailed Bahraini activists are on hunger strike. They included doctors who treated injured protesters during months of anti-government protests. Bahrain released 7 doctors and 3 ambulance drivers. All doctors and medical staff were now out on bail "pending announcement of verdicts" on Sep 29.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology named Google's China website operator, Beijing Guxiang Information Technology Co. Ltd., as one of 137 firms whose licenses were renewed following adjustments in their operations.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Colombia a leftist congressman presented video testimony from a jailed far-right militia chief who accuses former President Alvaro Uribe of sponsoring his illegal armed group in the mid-1990s. In the video Pablo Hernan Sierra says he organized a militia that operated from the Guacharacas ranch owned by Uribe's family in the northwestern state of Antioquia in 1996 when Uribe was the state's governor.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, Congolese authorities imposed a temporary ban on political protests in the capital Kinshasa over fears of escalating violence in the run-up to November elections. 8 gunmen attacked a prison in the southeast, freeing a former militia leader and allowing close to 1,000 inmates to escape. Two people were killed as police recaptured 152 of the 967 escaped prisoners. Kyungu Mutanga, also known as "Commander Gedeon", took part in a spectacular jailbreak at the Kassapa prison in Katanga's capital Lubumbashi. Authorities soon offered $100,000 dollars for information leading to Gedeon’s arrest.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/7/11)(AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 7, Egypt's military rulers froze new licenses for private satellite TV stations, in a restriction that activists say harkens back to the crackdown on freedom of expression under ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, Finland arrested two Somali people, a man (34) and a woman (28), on suspicion of financing terrorism and performing terror recruitment activities. They had foreign backgrounds and their alleged actions were not aimed at Finland. The woman, released in October, was ordered not to leave the country.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Honduras Mahadeo Roopchand Sadloo, a fervent supporter of former Pres. Manuel Zelaya, died after he was shot five times inside the tire shop he owned. A truth commission has found that at least 20 Zelaya supporters have been killed by security forces.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, Indian PM Manmohan Singh said he would "intensify efforts" towards a deal to share water from the Teesta river after failing to sign the key agreement during a visit to Dhaka. A deal to share water from the river fell through after opposition from the chief minister of India's West Bengal.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In India a powerful bomb hidden in a briefcase ripped through a crowd of people waiting to enter a New Delhi courthouse, killing 13 people and wounding 74 more in the deadliest attack in India's capital in nearly three years.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 7, Israel’s Shin Bet security service said security forces have arrested Hamas militants accused in a March 23 bombing that killed British woman Mary Jean Gardner and wounded dozens of civilians. A Palestinian militant from the Islamic Jihad faction was killed by an explosion in a car in central Gaza. Another militant in the car was badly wounded. Islamic Jihad said the car was hit by an Israeli airstrike. The Israeli military denied involvement.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, Kenya handed two-time world marathon champion Abel Kirui a three-rank promotion in the national administration police force in recognition for his stunning weekend victory at the world athletics championships in Daegu, South Korea.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Pakistan a pair of suicide bombers attacked a top army officer in the southwestern city of Quetta, missing him but killing his wife. At least 22 others died, including several guards, a senior officer and two children.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, A Russian Yak-42 jet carrying the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl ice hockey team crashed while taking off near the city of Yaroslavl, killing 43 of 45 people. One of the 2 survivors died on Sep 12. Flight crew member Alexander Sizov remained in intensive care at Moscow's Sklifosovsky hospital. The Kontinental Hockey League included 24 teams from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia and Slovakia.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/10/11)(AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Somalia the al-Shabab Islamist militia said they have captured two Kenyan soldiers near the country's shared border.
    (AP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, The UN humanitarian office said Sudan has denied it and other aid agencies access to Blue Nile state, where at least 50,000 people have been displaced by fighting that erupted last week. The armed forces clashed with remnants of Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) near Bau town in Blue Nile state, and reportedly inflicted heavy losses on them.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 7, In Syria a barrage of gunfire by security forces in Homs killed at least 29 people, wounded several others and left residents cowering in their homes. State-run news agency SANA said a "terrorist group" kidnapped two Baath party officials in Rastan. The embattled regime faced surprising calls to end the violence from its closest ally, Iran.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)(AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 7, Yemeni warplanes hunting down al-Qaida suspects struck southern Abyan province. Clashes in the south killed 8 soldiers, a teenager and at least 17 militants. The Defense Ministry said troops have recovered 14 bodies of militants killed in a successful military offensive on the southern village of Al-Kud.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A2)

2012        Sep 7, The United States confirmed that it has suspended sharing of radar intelligence with Honduras because the Central American nation's air force shot down two suspected drug planes in violation of agreements with Washington. The radar intelligence was blocked starting in mid-August.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, The Obama administration formally designated the Pakistan-based Haqqani network as a foreign terrorist organization, in a complicated political decision as the US withdraws from Afghanistan and pushes for a reconciliation pact to end more than a decade of warfare.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In a taped interview in Colorado Republican vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan said the federal government shouldn't interfere with states that have legalized medical marijuana.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In NYC a police officer shot and killed a convenience store worker who plowed into him on a sidewalk while frantically fleeing an armed robbery, a sudden encounter that the police department called a tragic accident.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, The Int’l. Union for the Conservation of nature said the Caribbean’s reefs are in sharp decline with live coral coverage down to an average of 8%, down from 50% in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 9/8/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 7, In Bahrain riot police fired tear gas during street clashes with anti-government protesters in the heart of the Gulf kingdom's capital Manama.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, Bolivian President Evo Morales said he has received word that Washington will not extradite ex-President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, wanted in connection with the deaths of 63 protesters in his home country in 2003.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, Canada said it has closed its embassy in Iran and will expel all remaining Iranian diplomats in Canada within 5 days, denouncing Tehran as the biggest threat to global security.
    (Reuters, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In southwest China twin earthquakes collapsed houses and triggered landslides in a remote mountainous part of the borders of Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, killing at least 81 people and injuring over 800.
    (AP, 9/7/12)(AP, 9/8/12)(AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 7, Egypt's national air carrier said it will resume international flights after the airline's flight attendants suspended a 12-hour strike pending negotiations to meet their grievances.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 7, Lufthansa canceled hundreds of flights after flight attendants walked off the job at airports around the country in an escalating battle with Germany's largest airline. Signs emerged that the two sides may be prepared to return to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, It was reported that hunger-striking Hong Kong students and their supporters have taken control of a city plaza against the introduction of “national education" courses aiming to boost a sense of shared identity with China.
    (SFC, 9/7/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 7, In Iraq 3 separate bomb attacks against Shiite mosques in Kirkuk killed eight civilians and injured 70 others.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 7, Italian and NATO rescue crews searched the waters off the small Mediterranean island of Lampedusa for survivors of an apparently sunken migrant boat after some of the 56 rescued passengers reported that dozens more were missing. One body was recovered.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In southeastern Kenya fighting between a community of cattle herders and farmers over land and water killed 12 people in Tana River delta.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, It was reported that Mali’s interim president Dioncounda Traore has requested five battalions and air support from neighboring countries to try to take back the country's north from Islamist rebels linked to al-Qaida. The request was made without the consent of the soldiers who led Mali's recent coup.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, A lawyer representing one of the sons of toppled Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi confirmed that Niger has given al-Saadi Gadhafi permission to leave the country, so long as another nation is willing to receive him.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In Nigeria more than 60 workers from Air Nigeria protested at Lagos' Murtala Muhammed International Airport's domestic wings, demanding four-months-worth of unpaid salaries from the company. The airline's owner, business tycoon Jimoh Ibrahim, fired nearly all of the company's 800 employees for "disloyalty" earlier this month.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, South Africa said it will allow fracking to explore for shale gas in the semi-desert Karoo region known for its vast plains and tender lamb.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In Syria a bomb exploded near a mosque in the northern Damascus neighborhood of Rukneddine, killing at least five people. A 2nd bomb exploded in Damascus, hitting near two government ministries with no casualties. The Observatory said the 16 bodies of men were found in the Damascus suburb of Deir al-Asafir, which it said was subjected to a major operation by the regime in the past few days. , activists and state media reported that several people were either killed or wounded when a Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus was shelled. At least 60 people were killed in violence around the country.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, The UN nearly doubled its humanitarian appeal for Syria, seeking $347 million for people in need, including more than half a million children forced to flee their homes.
    (AP, 9/7/12)

2013        Sep 7, NASA launched the unmanned LADEE spacecraft from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. It aimed to study the Moon's atmosphere was the US space agency's third lunar probe in five years.
    (AP, 9/7/13)(SSFC, 9/8/13, p.A8)
2013        Sep 7, Former US basketball star Dennis Rodman returned from his second visit to North Korea this year where he again met the reclusive country's leader Kim Jong-un. "He is my friend for life. I don't care what you guys think about him. I don't give a shit about what people around the world think about him."
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, In Afghanistan a crowd of several hundred rallied outside the consulate in Herat city to protest its failure to grant visas. Security forces opened fire, killing one and wounding three. Female parliamentarian Fariba Ahmadi Kakar was freed by the Taliban in exchange for four militants.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike targeting insurgents in Kunar province hit a pickup truck carrying up to ten militants, amid reports that at least 8 civilians, including 7 women and children, were among the dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 7, Australia's conservative opposition swept to power, ending six years of Labor Party rule and winning over a disenchanted public by promising to end a hated tax on carbon emissions, boost a flagging economy and bring about political stability after years of Labor infighting. Opposition leader Tony Abbott (55) will become PM in three months.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, British police arrested more than 160 people in east London during rival protests by hundreds of anti-Islamist activists and thousands of counter-demonstrators near an area home to one of Britain's largest Muslim communities.
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, Thousands of Cambodians, many holding lotus flowers symbolizing peace, joined a mass protest in the capital Phnom Penh in a last-ditch bid to challenge PM Hun Sen's disputed election win. The CPP took 68 seats to 55 for the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), according to the country's National Election Committee.
    (AFP, 9/7/13)(AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 7, Egyptian helicopter gunships and tanks pounded suspected hideouts of Islamic militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula in a major new offensive in the insurgent stronghold.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, The European Union's foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said the EU's 28 nations agreed that available information seemed to show strong evidence that the Syrian government carried out a chemical attack on civilians in August.
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, The Indian army was called in to contain communal violence pitting Hindu Jats against Muslims that killed at least 10 people in northern Uttar Pradesh state. 19 people were killed in Kawal village. The death toll in the district of Muzaffarnagar rose to 31 by the end of the weekend.
    (Reuters, 9/8/13)(AP, 9/9/13)(SFC, 9/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 7, In Iraq attacks north of Baghdad, including a suicide bombing at a government building and the detonation of a booby-trapped corpse, killed 4 people.
    (AFP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, The Italian film "Sacro GRA," a documentary about life along the highway that circles Rome by director Gianfranco Rosi, won the Golden Lion for best film at the 70th edition of the Venice Film Festival.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, The International Olympic Committee selected Tokyo for the 2020 Games.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, The Maldives held elections. Mohamed Nasheed, ousted from power last year, emerged as the clear leader with 45% of the vote, short of the 50% needed to avoid a Sep 28 runoff against Yaamin Abdul Qayyoom.
    (SFC, 9/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 7, The Nigerian army said it had tracked down and killed 50 members of Boko Haram, days after the Islamist sect was blamed for killing 20 villagers in raids in its northeastern stronghold.
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, Pakistan freed seven Afghan Taliban in an attempt to improve its troubled relations with the South Asian neighbor, but risked angering Afghanistan by not handing them over directly to the Kabul authorities.
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)(SSFC, 9/8/13, p.A6)
2013        Sep 7, Somali militants attacked a restaurant near Mogadishu's seat of government for the second time in less than a year, detonating two large blasts that killed at least 15 people and wounded nearly two dozen.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, In Syria heavy government shelling of rebel positions near Damascus killed 16 people.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, Thousands of Tunisians took to the streets of Bardo, near the capital Tunis, calling for the government led by the moderate Islamist Ennahda party to step down.
    (AFP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, In Yemen a suspected Islamist militant was killed when a bomb he was trying to plant in the car of an intelligence officer in Sanaa exploded in his hands.
    (Reuters, 9/7/13)

2014        Sep 7, The United States and Georgia moved to expand their defense relationship, including the possible sale of US Black Hawk helicopters to the former Soviet bloc nation.
    (AP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, The US expanded its month-long air campaign to Iraq's Sunni Arab heartland, hitting Islamic State fighters west of Baghdad as troops and allied tribesmen launched a ground assault.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, In Tennessee the partial remains of missing student Holly Bobo, a cousin of country music singer Whitney Duncan, were found. Bobo (20), a nursing student, was last seen in April 2011 by her brother.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 7, An Afghan judge sentenced seven men to death for the August 23 gang-rape of four women in a case that sparked nationwide outrage and highlighted the violence women face despite reforms since the Taliban era.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Cameroon's military reportedly killed 100 Islamic militants who traveled from Nigeria to attack Fotocol just across the border. The army fired mortars at the extremists and pushed them back into Nigeria.
    (AP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 7, China’s Xinhua News Agency reported that authorities have killed some 4,900 dogs in Baoshan, Yunnan province, after blaming five human deaths on rabies. The city of vaccinated another 100,000 in its anti-rabies campaign and issued an urgent order calling for authorities to tightly regulate dogs and kill stray ones.
    (AP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Arab foreign ministers meeting in Cairo agreed to take the "necessary measures" and were prepared to cooperate internationally to confront Islamic State militants.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Avraham Mengistu, an Israeli of Ethiopian descent in his late 20s, disappeared after he "independently" crossed the border fence into the Gaza Strip. On July 9, 2015, Israeli authorities announced that Mengistu was being held by Hamas. Authorities said another Israeli citizen was also being held in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/9/15)
2014        Sep 7, Four Japanese ships left the northern island of Hokkaido to start the seasonal "research" whaling hunt in Pacific coastal waters.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Japanese film idol Yoshiko Yamaguchi (94) died of heart failure. She was known as Rikoran and symbolized Japan's wartime dreams of Asian conquest. Known as Shirley Yamaguchi in the US she was one of biggest Japanese film stars during and after World War II.
    (AP, 9/14/14)
2014        Sep 7, In Mozambique six suspected poachers were arrested in the Niassa National Reserve wildlife reserve, home to about two-thirds of the country’s elephants.
    (AP, 9/14/14)
2014        Sep 7, Scores of Palestinians rioted in East Jerusalem after hearing that a youth from their neighborhood had died of wounds suffered in a clash with Israeli police last week. Mohammed Sinokrot (16) succumbed to a head wound suffered during a protest a week ago but the circumstances of how he sustained the wound were in dispute.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, In South Korea Kwon Ri-sae (23) died at a hospital in Suwon, just south of Seoul. She was the 2nd Ladies' Code band member to die following a car accident on Sep 3.
    (AP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapakse held talks with Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe. The two leaders agreed to forge stronger maritime links between their countries in a move seen as countering China's influence in the region.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 7, A senior aide to Ukraine's Pres. Petro Poroshenko said an agreement was reached during the NATO summit in Wales on the provision of weapons and military advisers from five member states of the alliance.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, In eastern Ukraine a woman died and at least four people were wounded when fighting flared again overnight. Fighting broke out early today on the northern outskirts of rebel-held Donetsk. Both the rebels and the Ukrainian military insisted they were strictly observing the ceasefire and blamed their opponents for any violations.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, In Yemen a Huthi demonstrator was shot dead and a number of protesters received gunshot wounds when police hurled tear gas canisters and deployed water cannon against demonstrators.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)

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