Today in History - September 8

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394        Sep 8, Arbogast, French general, committed suicide.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

701        Sep 8, Sergius I, Syrian and Italian Pope (687-701), died.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1141        Sep 8, Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeated Islams.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1157        Sep 8, Richard I, [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99), was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1207        Sep 8, Sancho II, king of Portugal, was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1303        Sep 8, Anagni: French king Philip IV captured Pope Boniface VIII.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1380        Sep 8, Bernardinus of Siena, Italian saint, was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1380        Sep 8, Prince Dmitrii of Moscow defeated the Mongols at Kulikovo Field. This marked the beginning of the decline of Mongol control over Russian lands.
    (DVD, Criterion, 1998)(http://fanaticus.org/dba/battles/Kulikovo/index.html)

1474        Sep 8, Ludovico Ariosto, Italy, poet (Orlando Furioso), was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1504        Sep 8, Michelangelo’s 13-foot marble statue of David was unveiled in Florence, Italy.
    (HN, 9/8/00)

1522        Sep 8, Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returned to Spain. He completed the 1st circumnavigation of globe, expedition begun under Ferdinand Magellan. [see Sep 6]
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1529        Sep 8, The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman re-entered Buda and established John Zapolyai as the puppet king of Hungary.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1555        Sep 8, Thomas Villanova, Spanish saint and archbishop of Valencia, died.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1565        Sep 8, A Spanish expedition under Pedro Menendez de Aviles established the first permanent European colony in the present day St. Augustine, Fla. Aviles founded St. Augustine on the site of the Timucuan Indian village of Seloy, 42 years before the English settled at Jamestown and 55 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. St. Augustine, Florida is the oldest permanent European settlement in the US. Castillo de San Marco fortress was built by the Spanish to defend St. Augustine.
    (AP, 9/8/97)(NG, March 1990, p.117)(WSJ, 8/3/95, p.A-8)(WSJ, 5/21/98, p.A1)
1565        Sep 8, The siege of Malta was broken. The Turkish army of 40,000 men of Suleyman the Magnificent besieged the Knights of Malta, led by Jean de la Valette, at their garrison, St. Elmo. The defenders numbered 540 knights, 400 Spanish troops, and Maltese gentry. In the initial attack 200 of 260 defenders lay dead at the end of the day but the garrison held out. The Turks continued their efforts for four months when reinforcements arrived and saved them. St. Elmo was later transformed into Valletta, the capital of Malta. The Order of St. John continues to thrive to today. From a Review of The Knights of Malta by H.J.A. Sire.
    (HFA, '96, p.38)(WSJ, 12/30/94, p.A-6)(AM, Jul/Aug ‘97 p.40)


1590        Oct 16, Carlo Gesualdo (~1566-1613), prince of Venosa, murdered his bride and her lover after catching them in flagrante delicto. In 2010 Glenn Watkins authored “The Gesualdo Hex: Music, Myth, and Memory."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Gesualdo)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.79)

1613        Sep 8, Carlo Gesualdo (b.~1566), prince of Venosa, died. He was an Italian music composer, lutenist and nobleman of the late Renaissance and became famous for his intensely expressive madrigals. In 1590 he murdered his bride and her lover after catching them in flagrante delicto. In 2010 Glenn Watkins authored “The Gesualdo Hex: Music, Myth, and Memory."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Gesualdo)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.79)

1628        Sep 8, John Endecott arrived with colonists at Salem, Massachusetts, where he would become the governor.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1636        Sep 8, Harvard College, the first college in America, was founded as Cambridge College. It changed its name two years later in honor of the Reverend John Harvard, who gave the institution three hundred books and a large sum of money for the day. [see Oct 28]
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1664        Sep 8, The Dutch formally surrendered New Amsterdam to 300 English soldiers. The British soon renamed it New York.
    (AP, 9/8/97)(ON, 4/00, p.3)

1755        Sep 8, British forces under William Johnson and 250 Indians defeated the French and their allied Indians at the Battle of Lake George, NY.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(SSFC, 4/23/06, p.G6)

1760        Sep 8, The French surrendered the city of Montreal to British Gen. Jeffrey Amherst. [see Sep 18, 1759]
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)

1771        Sep 8, Mission San Gabriel Archangel formed in California.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1781        Sep 8, Gen. Nathanael Greene engaged British forces at Eutaw Springs, South Carolina and was forced to retreat.
    (ON, 12/01, p.10)

1803        Sep 8, A high pressure steam boiler, made by Richard Trevithick, exploded at a corn mill in Greenwich, England, and 3 men were killed. A worker had left a heavy wrench on the safety valve and gone fishing.
    (ON, 4/04, p.5)

1815        Sep 8, Alexander Ramsey (d.1903), territorial governor of Minnesota (1849-1853), was born near Harrisburg, Pa.
    (www.bioguide.congress.gov)

1828        Sep 8, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Bvt. Major General (Union volunteers), hero of Little Round Top at Gettysburg, was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1829        Sep 8, George Crook (d.1890), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1833        Sep 8, Charles Darwin departed to Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1841        Sep 8, Antonin Dvorak (d.1904), Czech composer and violinist, was born in Nelahozeves. His work included the “New World Symphony."
    (WUD, 1994 p.444)(HN, 9/8/00)(MC, 9/8/01)

1845        Sep 8, A French column surrendered at Sidi Brahim in the Algerian War.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1847        Sep 8, The US under Gen. Scott defeated Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1858        Sep 8, Lincoln made a speech about when you can fool people.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1863        Sep 8, Federal troops reconquered the Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1863        Sep 8, Battle of Telford's Depot, Ten.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1863        Sep 8, Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling thwarted a Union naval landing at Sabine Pass, northeast of Galveston, Texas.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1866        Sep 8, Siegfried Sassoon, British author and poet famous for his anti-war writing about World War I, was born. His work included “Counterattack."
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)

1868        Sep 8, The NY Athletic Club formed.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1875        Sep 8, An explosion destroyed the Newark, NJ, factory of the Celluloid Manufacturing Co. The Hyatt brothers rebuilt the factory and it turned profitable in 1877.
    (ON, 11/03, p.4)

1883        Sep 8, The Northern Pacific Railway celebrated the completion of its east-west line with a Gold Spike at Gold Creek in central Montana. Guests included Frederick Billings, Ulysses S. Grant, and the family of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Pacific_Railway)

1889        Sep 8, Robert A. Taft, U.S. Republican Senator from Ohio, was born. He unsuccessfully sought the presidential nomination in 1952 and helped pass the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act. He was the son of the 27th president of the U.S. William Howard Taft. Robert was known as “Mr. Republican" because of his steadfast espousal of traditional conservative values. Taft was a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination three times and served in the Senate from 1938 until his death in 1953. Taft consistently opposed the New Deal program, led the Congressional isolationist bloc and fought the Lend-Lease bill.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(HNQ, 7/8/99)(MC, 9/8/01)

1899        Sep 8, The British government sent an additional 10,000 troops to Natal South Africa.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1892        Sep 8, An early version of "The Pledge of Allegiance" appeared in "The Youth’s Companion," published in Boston and edited by Francis Bellamy, a Christian socialist, and cousin of writer Edward Bellamy. James Upham (d.1906), Bellamy’s supervisor, collaborated on the pledge. Frank E. Bellamy (1876-1915) of Cherryvale High School in Kansas had authored a 500-word patriotic essay which included the words of the Pledge of Allegiance and instructions on saluting the American Flag. His teacher entered the "Salute to the Flag" in a contest sponsored by the popular scholastic publication The Youth's Companion. His essay won first place in this national school contest. [see Oct 12]
    (AP, 9/8/97)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A3)(www.leatherockhotel.com/FrankBellamy.htm)(WSJ, 7/6/04, p.A23)

1895        Sep 8, Adam Opel (58), German manufacturer of sewing machines and bicycles, died. In 1899 the firm acquired a car factory.
    (MC, 9/8/01)(www.histomobile.com)

1900        Sep 8, Claude Pepper, Democratic senator and congressman from Florida, champion of senior citizens rights, was born.
    (HN, 9/8/98)
1900        Sep 8, Some 6,000-8,000 people were killed in Galveston by flying debris, collapsing buildings and drowning. The storm let up around midnight, leaving in its wake $30 million in damage and thousands of bodies. Many of the dead had to be hastily dumped in the ocean for fear of spreading disease. Bishop's Palace in Galveston, Texas, remained standing amid piles of rubble after the island city suffered the greatest natural disaster in U.S. history. By nightfall, winds reached 125 mph and the city was under 15 feet of water. The storm battered Galveston for 18 hours and some 3,600 buildings were destroyed. Reports of the storm failed to reach Galveston because the US Weather Service had temporarily banned the cable transmission of Cuban weather reports. In 1999 Erik Larson published "Isaac's Storm."
    (AP, 9/8/97)(HNPD, 9/8/98)(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A2)(WSJ, 9/3/99, p.W8)(SFC, 9/22/05, p.A17)

1903        Sep 8, Between 30,000 and 50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children were massacred in Monastir by Turkish troops seeking to check a threatened Macedonian uprising.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1906        Sep 8, Robert Turner invented the automatic typewriter return carriage.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1907        Sep 8, Pius X published his anti-modernism encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1910        Sep 8, Jean-Louis Barrault, director and actor (Les Enfants du Paradis), was born in Vesinet, France.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1914        Sep 8, Pvt. Thomas Highgate (18) was the first British soldier in the war to be shot for desertion. He had become separated from his unit, but said he was trying to rejoin it when he was detained. In 2006 the British government prepared to pardon 305 men who were hauled before firing squads in World War I for desertion or cowardice after summary trials.
    (AP, 8/16/06)

1915        Sep 8, Germany began a new offensive in Argonne on the Western Front.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1917        Sep 8, Eugene Bullard, aviator, was born in Columbus, Georgia. He emigrated to France and became the first African-American combat aviator when he flew a reconnaissance mission over the city of Metz, France. He was credited with one confirmed "kill," a German Pfalz he shot down over Verdun.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1920        Sep 8, New York-to-San Francisco air mail service was inaugurated. US postal planes began flying across the country, but these flights took place only in daylight because pilots relied on visual landmarks to navigate.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Government_Role/1918-1924/POL3.htm)(AP, 9/8/00)

1921        Sep 8, Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., was crowned the first Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J.
    (AP, 9/8/97)(HN, 9/8/98)

1922        Sep 8, Sid Caesar, comedian and television star, best known for "Your Show of Shows," and "The Sid Caesar Show," was born in Yonkers, NY.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)

1923        Sep 8, Seven of the 15 ships of Destroyer Squadron 11 were wrecked on a rocky point on the California Santa Barbara County coast. 23 sailors were killed.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.D2)

1925        Sep 8, Peter Sellers, English comic actor, was born in Southsea, Hampshire, England. He became famous for his role as Inspector Clouseau.
    (HN, 9/8/00)
1925        Sep 8, Germany was admitted into the League of Nations. Joseph Avenol, secretary-general of the League of Nations, sold out the organization he had sworn to uphold.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1926        Sep 8, The League of Nations Assembly voted unanimously to admit Germany.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1927        Sep 8, A woman arrived in SF from China and claimed to be Gen. Chiang Kai-shek’s wife, who declared that he had divorced his legal wife in 1921 and freed 2 concubines this year.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.E6)

1929        Sep 8, Christoph von Dohnanyi, conductor and pianist (Cleve Orchestra), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1930        Sep 8, Cartoonist Murat "Chic" Young (d.1973) introduced the cartoon strip "Blondie." In 2005 it was written seven days a week by his son, Dean, who took over when his father died, and artist Denis Lebrun.
    (AP, 9/8/99)(AP, 7/17/05)
1930        Sep 8, NYC public schools began teaching Hebrew.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1930        Sep 8, Richard Drew created Scotch tape.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1932        Sep 8, Patsy Cline (d.1963), country singer, was born in Winchester, Va. Her hits included “Crazy" and “I Fall to Pieces."
    (HN, 9/8/00)(MC, 9/8/01)

1933        Sep 8, Michael Frayn, playwright, was born. His work included “A Very Private Life" and “Noises Off."
    (HN, 9/8/00)
1933        Sep 8, Iraq's King Faisal I (b.1885) died one year after independence and his son, Ghazi I, succeeded him. In 2014 Ali A. Allawi authored “Faisal I of Iraq."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faisal_I_of_Iraq)(Econ, 2/8/14, p.79)

1934        Sep 8, Peter Maxwell Davies, composer (Prolation, Taverner), was born in Manchester, England.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1934        Sep 8, 134 people lost their lives in a fire aboard the liner Morro Castle off the New Jersey coast. The crew of the cruise ship let a small blaze get out of control and commandeered most of the spots in the lifeboats. Only 15 passengers survived as compared to 119 crew. 124 people died. The event was part of a 1999 TV documentary "Escape, Because Accident Happen" for a NOVA miniseries. [see Sep 7]
    (AP, 9/8/97)(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)

1935        Sep 8, The Hoboken Four, featuring Frank Sinatra as lead singer, appeared on "Major Bowes Amateur Hour" on WOR radio.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1935        Sep 8, Sen. Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, was shot and mortally wounded in Baton Rouge allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.; he died two days later ending what might have been a prominent national career. It was suspected that Dr. Weiss was acting in revenge against Long's public slandering of his father. The 1996 documentary film “Huey Long" by Ken Burns was about the Louisiana politician who wanted to redistribute wealth and make every man a king.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1935)(AP, 9/8/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, DB p.47)(HN, 9/8/98)
1935        Sep 8, Carl Austin Weiss, murderer of Sen Huey Long, was shot down.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1937        Sep 8, The Pan Arab conference about Palestine opened.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1939        Sep 8, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a "limited national emergency" in response to the outbreak of war in Europe.
    (AP, 9/8/99)
1939        Sep 8, Gen. Von Reichenau's panzer division reached the suburbs of Warsaw.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1941        Sep 8, The 900-day Siege of Leningrad by German forces began during World War II. The Siege of Leningrad, 400 miles northwest of Moscow, took place with Germany spread along a 2,000 mile front. It led to the death of at least one million Russians from starvation and disease. Leningrad was renamed back to St. Petersburg in 1991. In 2011 Anna Reid authored “Leningrad: The Epic Siege of World War II."
    (WSJ, 2/21/96, p.A-15)(AP, 9/8/06)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.73)
1941        Sep 8, The entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, was exterminated.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1943        Sep 8, Italy surrendered to the Allies in WW II.
    (www.naval-history.net/WW2CampaignsItaly.htm)

1944        Sep 8, Germany's V-2 offensive against England began. The 1st V-2 rockets landed in London & Antwerp.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)
1944        Sep 8, Erwin von Witzleben (62), German field marshal, was hanged.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1945        Sep 8, Jose Feliciano, blind singer, was born in Lares, Puerto Rico.
    (www.fact-index.com)
1945        Sep 8, Bess Myerson of New York was crowned Miss America, the first Jewish contestant to win the title.
    (AP, 9/8/99)
1945        Sep 8, Hideki Tojo, Japanese PM during most of WW II, failed in his attempted suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt. He was later hanged.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1945        Sep 8, Korea was partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States. The US invaded Japanese-held Korea.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)

1946        Sep 8, In San Francisco four boys playing near the Paramount Theater found a package containing body parts of Ramon Lopez (52), a flower dealer from San Leandro. Police found 14 pairs of nylons at his room in the Mint Hotel. His skull was found 18 years later at Hunters Point.
    (SFC, 2/17/09, p.A11)
1946        Sep 8, Bulgaria ended its monarchy. The monarchy was abolished in a referendum called by communists installed by the Soviet Army. Georgi Dimitrov became the 1st premier of communist Bulgaria. In 2003 Ivo Banac edited "The Diary of Georgi Dimitrov."
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A19)(MC, 9/8/01)(WSJ, 6/6/03, p.W9)

1947        Sep 8, Ann Beattie, writer, was born. Her work included “Chilly Scenes of Winter" and “Picturing Will."
    (HN, 9/8/00)
1947        Sep 8, British government sailed the "Exodus" with fugitives from Nazis.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1949        Sep 8, Richard Strauss, German composer (Also Sprach Zarathustra), died at 85.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1951        Sep 8, A formal Treaty of Peace was signed by 48 nations of the United Nations and Japan at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco. On the same day the US and Japan signed a Joint Security Pact at the Presidio. The Soviet delegation refused to sign and said the deal provided for the exclusive existence of American military bases in Japan.
    (Park, Spring/95, p.2)(AP, 9/8/97)(Ind, 9/8/01, 5A)
1951        Sep 8, Sri Lanka’s finance minister Junius Jayewardene (1906-1996) made an impassioned plea on behalf of Japan at the Peace Treaty signing in San Francisco. He declined compensation from Japan, which had carried out several aerial bombing raids in Colombo and the eastern port city of Trincomalee.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
1951        Sep 8, Jurgen Stroop, Nazi exterminator of Warsaw Ghetto, was hanged on site of the ghetto.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1952        Sep 8, The Ernest Hemingway novel "The Old Man and the Sea" was published. Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize for the work in 1953.
    (TL, 1988, p.114)(SFEC, 7/18/99, p.D5) (AP, 9/8/99)

1954        Sep 8, SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), a sister organization to NATO, was created under the Manila Pact by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, to stop communist spread in Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos). The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand signed the mutual defense treaty. SEATO dissolved in 1977.
    (HNQ, 4/2/01)(http://tinyurl.com/hpawj)
1954        Sep 8, Andre Derain (b.1880), French painter, died. He and Henri Matisse co-founded the Fauvist movement, marked by vivid, unnatural colors.
    (SFC, 9/15/12, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Derain)

1955        Sep 8, The Brooklyn Dodgers won the National League pennant, the earliest a team had achieved this.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1956        Sep 8, Harry Belafonte's album "Calypso," went to #1 and stayed #1 for 31 weeks.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1957        Sep 8, Pope Pius XII posted his encyclical On motion pictures, radio, TV.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1960        Sep 8, NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. This followed the activation of the facility in July of that year, when a key element of the U.S. Army’s Ballistic Missile Agency was transferred from the Department of Defense to NASA.  The Marshall Center is named in honor of General George C. Marshall, who was the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, U.S. Secretary of State, and a Nobel Prize winner for his post-World War II “Marshall Plan."
    (NASA PR, 8/22/00)
1960        Sep 8, Penguin Books in Britain was charged with obscenity for trying to publish the D.H. Lawrence novel “Lady Chatterly’s Lover."
    (HN, 9/8/00)
1960        Sep 8, German DR limited access to East-Berlin for West Berliners.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1960        Sep 8, Feroze Gandhi (b.1912) Indian politician and journalist, died. He had served as the publisher of The National Herald and The Navjivan newspapers from Lucknow. He was the husband of Indira Gandhi and the son-in-law to Jawaharlal Nehru.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feroze_Gandhi)
1960        Sep 8, Jussi Bjorling, Swedish epic tenor (Manrico, Cavaradossi, Faust, Rodolfo, Riccardo, Romeo), died of heart failure at 49.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1961        Sep 8, Frank Rosenthal (1929-2008), friend of Chicago mobsters, appeared before a Senate hearing on gambling and organized crime. He invoked the Fifth Amendment 38 times.
    (SFC, 10/17/08, p.B8)

1965        Sep 8, An AFL-CIO affiliated Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC), a union of mostly Filipino workers, voted to go on strike in Delano, Ca. Larry Itliong (1913-1977) led the strike. They were joined after eleven days by Cesar Chavez and the National Farm Workers Assoc. In 1967 John Gregory Dunne (1932-2003) authored "Delano," an account of the California grape strike.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Itliong)(SFEC, 10/19/97, p.C3)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)
1965        Sep 8, Dorothy Danridge, actress (Island in the Sun), died at 41 in Hollywood.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1966        Sep 8, The television series “Star Trek" premiered on NBC with the episode "The Man Trap".
    (AP, 9/8/01)
1966        Sep 8, The situation comedy "That Girl" starring Marlo Thomas premiered on ABC-TV.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

1968        Sep 8, In Poland Ryszard Siwiec (b.1909), accountant, teacher and anti-communist protester, self immolated in front of some 10,000 spectators during the national harvest festival at the Dziesieciolecia football stadium. He died 4 days later at a hospital.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryszard_Siwiec)

1971        Sep 8, The Kennedy Center, begun in 1964, officially opened in Washington, DC. A performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass was held there three days earlier. The $71 million structure was designed by Edward Durell. The cultural center was promoted at Kennedy’s request by Roger L. Stevens (1910-1998). Congress had designated it a national monument to Pres. Kennedy following his assassination.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennedy_Center_for_the_Performing_Arts)(SFC, 8/27/01, p.E4)
1971        Sep 8, Pres. Nixon told John Ehrlichman to investigate the tax returns of rich Jews contributing to the democratic campaigns of Humphrey and Muskie.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, p.A14)

1972        Sep 8, The Int’l. Olympic Committee banned Vince Matthews and Wayne Collett from further competition for talking to each other on the victory stand in Munich during the playing of the "Star-Spangled Banner" after winning the gold and silver medals in the 400-meter run.
    (AP, 9/8/02)

1973        Sep 8, The first Whitbread Round the World Race for yachts began at Portsmouth, England.
    (WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A20)(www.solarnavigator.net/history/whitbread_round_the_world_race.htm)

1974        Sep 8, President Gerald Ford pardoned former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office.
    (AP, 9/8/97)(HN, 9/8/98)
1974        Sep 8, Evel Knievel (b.1938) attempted to jump the Snake River Canyon in Idaho on his rocket-powered motorcycle. He failed and parachuted down.
    (WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A1)(www.evelknievel.com/bio.html)
1974        Sep 8, In Italy Renato Curcio and another Red Brigades leader were arrested.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)

1975        Sep 8, Leonard Matlovich (b.1943) appeared in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine. He challenged the ban against homosexuals in the US military and was given a "general" discharge by the Air Force after publicly declaring his homosexuality. NBC subsequently made a TV movie of his story. His suit dragged on until 1980 when a federal judge ordered Matlovich reinstated. Instead of re-entering the Air Force, Matlovich accepted a settlement of $160,000. Matlovich became a gay rights activist and dies of AIDS in 1988."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Matlovich)(www.glinn.com/news/tline5.htm)
1975        Sep 8, Boston's public schools began their court-ordered citywide busing program amid scattered incidents of violence.
    (AP, 9/8/97)

1976        Sep 8, Joaquin Zamacois Soler (b.1894), Spanish composer, died.
    (http://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joaquim_Zamacois_i_Soler)

1977        Sep 8, Zero Mostel (b.1915), Brooklyn-born stage and film comedian, died of a heart attack.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_Mostel)

1978        Sep 8, The Shah's troops opened fire on protesters in Tehran, killing several hundred demonstrators.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hc3fc)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution)

1979        Sep 8, Jean Seberg (b.1939), actress (Breathless, Airport), committed suicide at 40.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Seberg)

1981        Sep 8, Civil rights activist Roy Wilkins (80), former head of the NAACP, died in NYC.
    (AP, 9/8/01)

1985        Sep 8, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds tied Ty Cobb's career record for hits with a single for No. 4,191 during a game against the Cubs in Chicago.
    (AP, 9/8/99)

1986        Sep 8, Oprah Winfrey began her syndicated TV talk show.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Oprah_Winfrey_Show)(SSFC, 2/11/01, BR p.1)
1986        Sep 8, Westinghouse sold Muzak.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y3thhl)

1987        Sep 8, Former Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart admitted during an interview on ABC's "Nightline" that he had committed adultery and said he had no plans to resume his White House bid.
    (AP, 9/8/97)

1988        Sep 8, A. Bartlett Giamatti, the National League president, was named to succeed Peter Ueberroth as baseball’s 7th commissioner.
    (AP, 9/8/98)
1988        Sep 8, Two nuclear-missile rocket motors were destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas; they were the first US weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 9/8/08)

1989        Sep 8, Former President Reagan underwent surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota to relieve fluid build-up on his brain after a horse-riding accident.
    (AP, 9/8/99)

1990        Sep 8, Gabriela Sabatini won the US Open women’s championship and her first grand slam title as she defeated Steffi Graf.
    (AP, 9/8/00)
1990        Sep 8, Marjorie Judith Vincent of Illinois was crowned Miss America.
    (AP, 9/8/00)
1990        Sep 8, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Helsinki, Finland, for a one-day summit sparked by the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 9/8/00)

1991        Sep 8, Stefan Edberg won the U.S. Open in New York, defeating Jim Courier in straight sets, 6-2, 6-4, 6-0.
    (AP, 9/8/01)
1991        Sep 8, A 55 ton concrete beam fell in Montreal's Olympic Stadium.
    (http://experts.about.com/e/s/st/Stade_Olympique.htm)
1991        Sep 8, More than 40 people were reported killed in factional fighting around Johannesburg, South Africa.
    (AP, 9/8/01)

1992        Sep 8, President Bush asked Congress to provide more than $7.6 billion to help Hurricane Andrew recovery efforts.
    (AP, 9/8/97)
1992        Sep 8, Sen. Quentin Burdick, D-N.D., died at age 84.
    (AP, 9/8/97)
1992        Sep 8, In a case that prompted federal laws against carjacking, Pam Basu of Savage, Md., was dragged to her death after being forced from her car.
    (AP, 9/8/97)

1993        Sep 8, German tourist Uwe-Wilhelm Rakebrand was killed by a woman firing from a van as he and his wife drove away from the Miami airport. The gunwoman and an accomplice received life prison sentences; the van's driver received 87 years.
    (AP, 9/8/98)
1993        Sep 8, Christopher Simmons (17), a Missouri high school student, kidnapped, bound and killed Shirley Crooks by throwing her into a river from a railroad trestle. He was arrested the next day, confessed and 9 months later was sentenced to death. In 2003 the Missouri supreme Court changed the sentence to life in prison due to Simmons’ age. In 2005 the Supreme Court ruled against the execution of minors.
    (SFC, 11/4/04, p.B3)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.31)
1993        Sep 8, Black gunmen in South Africa launched a series of attacks on black commuters, claiming two dozen lives.
    (AP, 9/8/98)

1994        Sep 8, A US Air Boeing 737 from Chicago crashed near Pittsburgh Int’l. Airport and killed all 132 people onboard. USAir Flight 427 crashed 6 minutes before it was due to land. In 2002 Bill Adair authored “The Mystery of Flight 427."
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)(AP, 9/8/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 5/23/02, p.D7)
1994        Sep 8, The last US, British & French troops left West-Berlin.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1995        Sep 8, It was reported that a lifeless zone in the Gulf of Mexico has grown to more than 7,000 sq. miles, nearly the size of New Jersey. It was caused by chemical and fertilizer runoff from US agriculture into the Mississippi River. "An analysis of data from six major farm states showed a significant correlation between (farm) subsidies and increased chemical and fertilizer use." The subsidies encouraged farmers to increase yield on less acreage.
    (WSJ, 9/8/95, p.A-10)   
1995        Sep 8, Bosnia’s warring sides reached a compromise in Geneva, agreeing to divide the nation into two states: one for the rebel Serbs and another for the Muslims and Croats.
    (AP, 9/8/00)

1996        Sep 8, NBC's "Frasier" won its third consecutive Emmy for best TV comedy; "ER" was named best drama. In the 48th Emmy Awards the winners included Dennis Franz & Kathy Baker.
    (AP, 9/8/97)(MC, 9/8/01)
1996        Sep 8, At the U.S. Open, Pete Sampras defeated Michael Chang and Steffi Graf beat Monica Seles to win the top prizes.
    (AP, 9/8/97)
1996        Sep 8, Okinawans voted more than 10-to-1 in favor of a reduction of U.S. military bases on their islands, in a referendum aimed at pressuring Washington to pull out its troops.
    (AP, 9/8/97)
1996        Sep 8, In Tanzania bandits ambushed, clubbed and robbed 25 tourists in the Serengeti National Park.
    (SFC, 9/13/96, p.A14)

1997        Sep 8, The TV series “Ally McBeal" starred Calista Flockhart as a working girl who was part successful attorney and part angst-ridden woman. The show continued to 2002.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.45)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0118254/)
1997        Sep 8, Lawyers in the Paula Jones case against Pres. Clinton decided to quit the suit after Jones refused to accept a financial settlement.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.A3)
1997        Sep 8, Monday commuters in and around San Francisco faced huge traffic jams a day after workers for the Bay Area's commuter rail system went on strike. An agreement ending the walkout was reached five days later.
    (AP, 9/8/98)
1997        Sep 8, Forbes Mag. listed Steven Spielberg as the best paid figure, $313 Mil, in the entertainment business in 1997.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.E2)
1997        Sep 8, It was announced the America Online Inc. (AOL) would take over Compuserve in a 3-way deal that involved WorldCom.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A3)(AP, 9/8/98)
1997        Sep 8, John Liebeskind (62) died in LA. He was a leading researcher in the study of pain and found that the brain controls pain by creating a chemical now known as an endorphin.
    (SFC, 9/22/97, p.A10)
1997        Sep 8, In France a passenger train collided with a gasoline truck in Perigord town and killed at least 12 people and injured 39.
    (WSJ, 9/9/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 8, From Guatemala it was reported that a new rebel group emerged in the Chajul region calling itself the Guerrilla Command Force ‘97.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)
1997        Sep 8, In Haiti the ferry, Pride of Gonave, sank in the Saint Marc Channel off Montrouis. The 60-foot vessel was chartered for only 80 passengers. The recovered bodies numbered 170. A Haitian ferry, the Pride of Gonave, capsized, killing about three-quarters of the 200 people aboard.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.A10)(SFC, 9/10/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/98)
1997        Sep 8, In Japan Prime Minister Hashimoto won re-election as head of the Liberal Democrats.
    (WSJ, 9/9/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 8, In Liberia some 200,000 refugees from Sierra Leone had spilled over from escalating violence.
    (WSJ, 9/9/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 8, In Mexico the Fox and Jaguar SWAT police in Mexico City engaged in a gun fight with a neighborhood gang. One young man and one police officer died. Police seized 6 youths and 3 were found dead the next day with gunshot wounds to the head. Three more were found dead on Sep 29. On Oct 3 nineteen members of the police force were arraigned for the executions. Three ranking officers were later arrested due to contradictory and misleading statements.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A14)

1998        Sep 8, Mark McGwire his 62nd home run off Chicago Cubs pitcher Steve Trachsel in St. Louis and broke the 1961 record set by Roger Maris.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/99)
1998        Sep 8, In Fayetteville, North Carolina 2 women’s clinics that performed abortions were attacked with firebombs.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A2)
1998        Sep 8, David Logie (37), an Army major from North Carolina was beaten, robbed and killed by 2 couples on their way to Mexico. In 2010 Billy Galloway and Kevin Varga were executed for their role in the murder of Logie.
    (http://off2dr.com/smf/index.php?topic=7221.0)(SFC, 5/14/10, p.A6)
1998        Sep 8, In Brazil 110 miles northwest of Sao Paulo at least 53 people were killed when a truck carrying flammable liquid exploded on a highway and engulfed 2 chartered buses. 38 people were hospitalized.
    (WSJ, 9/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 8, In Phnom Penh, Cambodia, police scattered demonstrators and ended a 2-week protest against alleged fraud in the national elections. Protestors called their tent city Democracy Square and thousands participated with hopes of launching a people-power revolution.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A8)
1998        Sep 8, The Congo rebel delegation stormed out of the peace talks in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A9)
1998        Sep 8, In Malaysia the market index fell a record 21.5%, 95.5 points to 349.56. A regulatory reprieve gave foreigners their first chance to sell since capital controls were imposed on Sep 1.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A14)
1998        Sep 8, In Mexico a flood in Chiapas left 25 people dead and Gov. Roberto Albores Guillen declared a disaster zone along the Pacific Coast. 6 other people were confirmed dead from flooding in Veracruz and Jalisco.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A9)
1998        Sep 8, Serb forces opened an offensive on Kosovo’s border with Albania and 2 people were reported killed in Prilep.
    (WSJ, 9/9/98, p.A1)

1999        Sep 8, Former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley officially kicked off his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination with a rally in his hometown of Crystal City, Missouri.
    (AP, 9/8/00)
1999        Sep 8, Economist Herbert Stein, who served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Nixon administration, died in Washington DC at age 83.
    (AP, 9/8/00)
1999        Sep 8, The Bank of England raised short-term interest rates to 5.25%.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A18)
1999        Sep 8, In East Timor the UN delayed a pull out over concern for some 2,000 people gathered in its compound in Dili. Officials estimated that some 200,000 people had fled East Timor.
    (SFC, 9/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 8, In Israel the parliament approved the amended Wye River accord.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 8, In Serbia mortar rounds in eastern Kosovo left 2 Serbs dead and 4 wounded.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)

2000        Sep 8, The US Bureau of Indian Affairs marked its 175th birthday and Kevin Grover, head of the bureau, offered a formal apology to American Indians for the misdeeds of the agency that included massacres, forced relocations of tribes and attempts to wipe out Indian cultures.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A3)(AP, 9/8/01)
2000        Sep 8, The space shuttle Atlantis blasted into orbit to deliver supplies to the new int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A3)
2000        Sep 8, In China the government of Shaanxi province appropriated 123 Zhong Gong properties and land worth $36.5 million.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 8, In China a truck carrying explosives blew up in Urumqi. 100 casualties were reported.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 8, In Ecuador the dollar became the official currency for business transactions. Sucres would still be exchangeable at banks for 6 months. Inflation for the year was projected to be at least 85.4%.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.D2)
2000        Sep 8, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf rebels freed 4 more hostages held since April 23. Libya paid a reported $1 million per hostage. The hostages later reported that rebels had raped female hostages.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A10)(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.C15)(SFC, 9/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Sep 8, In Russia Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev confirmed that a troop reduction of 350,000 was to be completed by 2003.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A10)
2000        Sep 8, In Russia alleged crime boss Gocha Tsagarenshvili was gunned down in St. Petersburg.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 8, In Rwanda 51 civilians were killed by government troops retreating from Dongo. Ugandan-backed Congolese rebels later discovered the bodies.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 8, Tuvalu was reported to have become the 189th member of the United Nations. The country consisted of 10 square miles on 9 atolls with a population of 9,000.
    (SFC, 9/8/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 8, The UN Millennium Summit ended in NYC with the adoption of an 8-page plan, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to cure the world’s direst problems. Pledges were made to halve the proportion of people in poverty by 2015, to reverse the spread of AIDS, and to strengthen the UN’s ability to keep peace. The plan under Jeffrey Sachs proposed 7 basic reforms to improve lives and provide livelihoods. The goal of halving poverty was achieved 5 years early.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/01)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.69)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.52)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.22)

2001        Sep 8, Venus Williams won her second consecutive U.S. Open title by beating her sister Serena 6-2, 6-4 in the first prime-time women's Grand Slam final.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2001        Sep 8, In San Francisco a ceremony marked the 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace with Japan.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 8, In Afghanistan 8 foreigners arrested for preaching Christianity appeared in an Islamic court for the 1st time.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A14)
2001        Sep 8, In Colombia police arrested 4 FARC guerrillas who allegedly planned to kill presidential candidate Alvaro Uribe.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A17)
2001        Sep 8, In Kanpur, India, some 6,000 Dalits, converted to Buddhism.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)
2001        Sep 8, In Indonesia Pres. Megawati Sukarnoputri visited Banda Aceh and apologized for past government mistakes. She urged residents to welcome new laws granting the region its own legal system and a greater share of the oil income.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A14)
2001        Sep 8, Israeli helicopters fired missiles at offices of the Fatah in Ramallah. Palestinian police said a 13-year-old boy was killed by Israeli gunfire n Rafah.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A18)
2001        Sep 8, In Serbia 26 unidentified bodies were exhumed from a site near Lake Perucac. They were believed to be bodies of ethnic Albanians from the 1999 crackdown in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)
2001        Sep 8, In South Africa the UN World Conference on Racism ended and agreed to condemn the “barbarism" of the slave trade, proposed an aid package for Africa, recognized Palestinian rights and Israeli security concerns, opposed bias against ethnic minorities, refugees, indigenous peoples and women.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 8, In Zimbabwe militants seized the Logan Lee farm in Beatrice.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A18)

2002        Sep 8, Pete Sampras beat Andre Agassi (news) 6-3, 6-4, 5-7, 6-4 to win his 14th Grand Slam title and the U.S. Open for the fifth time.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2002        Sep 8, The US government reported that violent crime rate had dropped by 10 percent the previous year, reaching lowest level since 1973.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2002        Sep 8, In San Francisco Ray D. Jimmerson Jr. (25), a key witness in a case against the Big Block gang, was shot to death on Buchanon St. In 2005 Dennis Cyrus Jr., a leader of the Page Street Mob, was indicted for the slaying. In May, 2009, Cyrus was convicted of murdering 3 men. In 2010 he was sentenced to 3 life terms in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 9/10/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/27/05, p.B4)(SFC, 6/27/09, p.B1)(SFC, 11/20/10, p.C2)
2002        Sep 8, Authorities closed Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) indefinitely following weeks of student unrest.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, In southeast China typhoon Sinlaku was weakening as it churned inland after triggering fierce winds and heavy rain that killed 23 people, toppled homes and uprooted trees.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, In Guatemala local media reported that anthropologists digging under a school in Rabinal, in Guatemala's northern highlands, had unearthed the remains of 47 people killed during the country's 1960-1996 civil war.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, The leaders of the two main Kurdish factions, KDP and PUK, that control northern Iraq signed a reconciliation agreement as the United States tries to forge a united front against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 9/9/02)
2002        Sep 8, In eastern Pakistan 4 suspected militants, including two linked to a bloody attack on a church last year, were killed in a shootout with the police.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, Philippine troops shelled retreating Muslim guerrillas after capturing two rebel camps in fighting on southern Jolo island that left at least 22 dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, A Russian prosecutor said that the bodies of seven Chechen residents who disappeared several months ago were found in a common grave near Goragorsk.
    (AP, 9/8/02)
2002        Sep 8, Georges-Andre Chevallaz (87), a former Swiss president (1980) and member of the ruling cabinet for 10 years, died in Lausanne.
    (AP, 9/9/02)

2003        Sep 8, The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), the music industry's largest trade group, filed 261 copyright lawsuits across the country against Internet users for trading songs online.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/08)
2003        Sep 8, In NYC Harvey Milk High School for gay, bisexual and transgender kids opened in Greenwich Village. It was named after the San Francisco supervisor killed in 1978.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 8, NASA presented a "return to flight" plan for the shuttle fleet.
    (WSJ, 9/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 8, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels stopped a car carrying Afghans working for a Danish aid organization, tied them up, then shot four of them to death.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 8, In Ecuador spokesman Marcelo Cevallos said Pres. Lucio Gutierrez will set a national example and start showing up on time for meetings and appointments in an effort to combat a national lack of punctuality. Cevallos apologized to the audience for showing up late for the interview.
    (AP, 9/9/03)
2003        Sep 8, Leni Riefenstahl (101), filmmaker, died in Bavaria. Her depiction of Hitler's Nuremberg rally, "Triumph of the Will," was renowned and despised as the best propaganda film ever made. In 2007 Steven Bach authored “Leni: The Life and Work of Leni Riefenstahl" and Jurgen Trimborn authored “Leni Riefenstahl: A Life."
    (AP, 9/9/03)(SFC, 9/10/03, p.A19)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.82)
2003        Sep 8, Ariel Sharon flew to New Delhi for the first-ever visit to India by an Israeli prime minister, hoping to cement blossoming defense and trade ties.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In eastern India suspected communist rebels detonated a land mine under a passing police vehicle, killing 12 officers.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In Mali authorities said torrential rains have killed scores and caused heavy property damage, warning of worse to come if the Niger River spills its banks.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, In central Nigeria 3 buses and a truck collided, killing more than 100 people in the impact and the fiery explosion that followed.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, Palestinian parliament speaker Ahmed Qureia said he will accept the prime minister's job only if Washington guarantees Israeli compliance with a US-backed peace plan, including a halt to military strikes.
    (AP, 9/8/03)
2003        Sep 8, Singapore health officials confirmed that a local patient tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, the 1st new case of the disease in over 5 months.
    (AP, 9/8/03)(WSJ, 9/10/03, p.A1)

2004         Sep 8, Dan Rather featured a story on 60 Minutes with documents that raised questions on Pres. Bush’s National Guard Service in 1972-73. On Sep 20 Dan Rather and CBS apologized for using what appeared to be forged documents.
    (SFC, 9/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 8, Delta Air Lines said it will cut up to 7,000 jobs, reduce wages and pull back at its Dallas-Fort Worth airport hub as part of a sweeping restructuring plan that could still leave it vulnerable to bankruptcy.
    (AP, 9/8/04)
2004        Sep 8, NASA’s $260 million Genesis space capsule crashed in the Utah desert after its parachute failed to open. It carried a cargo of solar wind particles.
    (SFC, 9/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 8, Richard G. Butler (86), founder of the Aryan Nations, was found dead in his bed in Hayden, Idaho.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2004        Sep 8, Hurricane Ivan made a direct hit on Grenada, killing at least three people. The most powerful storm to hit the Caribbean in 10 years also damaged homes in Barbados, St. Lucia and St. Vincent, just days after Hurricane Frances rampaged through.
    (AP, 9/8/04)
2004        Sep 8, India and Pakistan opened up their countries to cross-border group tourism for the first time and announced a series of high-level contacts to push forward the peace process.
    (AP, 9/8/04)
2004        Sep 8, US warplanes launched strikes in the insurgent-held city of Fallujah, hitting at suspected militant hideouts used to plan attacks on American forces. At least 2 people were killed.
    (AP, 9/8/04)
2004        Sep 8, Insurgents kidnapped the family of an Iraqi National Guard officer and set fire to his home northeast of the capital.
    (AP, 9/11/04)
2004        Sep 8, Japan's coast guard found five more bodies from an Indonesian cargo ship that ran aground during a powerful typhoon that has hammered Japan, raising the death toll from the storm to at least 28.
    (AP, 9/8/04)
2004        Sep 8, Police in Suriname arrested six people and seized a large stash of weapons, uncovering what they said was an arms-for-cocaine smuggling operation.
    (AP, 9/9/04)
2004        Sep 8, In Thailand a young man died from bird flu and increased fears of an avian influenza pandemic. Asian deaths from bird flu for the year totaled 28.
    (WSJ, 9/10/04, p.A2)
2004        Sep 8, In Turkey rescue workers started to evacuate dozens of workers trapped inside a copper mine engulfed in fire. Eight miners were rescued so far. Between 25 and 30 miners were trapped inside the mine in the town of Kure in Kastamonu province, some 185 miles north of the capital, Ankara.
    (AP, 9/8/04)
2004        Sep 8, It was reported that some 60 hippos had died of unknown causes over the last 2 months in Uganda’s Queen Elizabeth National Park.
    (SFC, 9/8/04, p.A6)

2005        Sep 8, US Congress hastened to provide an additional $51.8 billion for relief and recovery from Hurricane Katrina; President Bush pledged to make it "easy and simple as possible" for uncounted, uprooted storm victims to collect food stamps and other government benefits. Tropical Storm Ophelia strengthened into a hurricane as it stalled 70 miles off the northeast Florida coast. New Orleans was still 60% flooded.
    (AP, 9/8/06) (WSJ, 9/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 8, A German military plane carrying 15 tons of military rations for survivors of Hurricane Katrina was sent back by US authorities because it did not have the required authorization.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 8, US grain prices were reported down as grain elevators along the Mississippi filled to capacity and grain handling due to Katrina fell to 63%. Early harvests from Arkansas were particularly hit.
    (WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 8, A symposium at Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green, Ky., brought together scholars from 17 states and three countries to discuss bluegrass music.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 8, News Corp. said it has signed a $650 million deal to buy IGN Entertainment, a Brisbane, Ca., network of Web sites for video gaming and other digital entertainment.
    (SFC, 9/9/05, p.C1)
2005        Sep 8, Lewis Platt (b.1941), former CEO of Hewlett-Packard (1992-1999) and director at Boeing Corp., died.
    (SFC, 9/10/05, p.C1)
2005        Sep 8, Bangladesh police seized about 200 small bombs, some explosives, dozens of detonators and leaflets on jihad, or holy war, during a raid on a house in Dhaka.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 8, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Canada for his first state visit, celebrating 35 years of diplomatic ties and rapidly expanding trade and energy agreements with Canada.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, El Salvador said that “Operation International" simultaneous raids this week in El Salvador, the US, Honduras, Guatemala, and Mexico netted 660 dangerous gang members.
    (AP, 9/9/05)
2005        Sep 8, In Egypt President Hosni Mubarak took an overwhelming early lead in his country's first-ever contested presidential race in a ballot marred by low turnout and widespread reports of voter intimidation.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and Russian President Vladimir Putin sealed an agreement to build a Baltic Sea gas pipeline aimed at boosting Russia's gas sales to Europe and securing uninterrupted energy supplies for Germany.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, Indonesian militant Abdul Fatah, alias Heri Segu, received a seven-year prison sentence for his role in plotting last year's suicide bombing at the Australian Embassy, blamed on a regional terror group linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, In Iraq US jets dropped 500-pound J-Dam bombs on the insurgent-controlled neighborhood of Sarai in Tal Afar, where most of the 200,000 population had fled. Iraqi police reported finding 17 bullet-riddled bodies near Baghdad.
    (SFC, 9/9/05, p.A3)
2005        Sep 8, A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives-laden BMW in the center of Baghdad targeting a passing convoy of private American security agents.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, The UN raised the alarm about mounting violence in Iraq blamed on pro-government militias and urged the authorities to look into reports of systematic torture in police stations.
    (Reuters, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, Wyeth Co. officially opened a $2 billion Irish production facility, a move that will make the US company the biggest pharmaceutical employer in Ireland.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, A Mexican army convoy began crossing into the US to bring aid to victims of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, A UN agency said a plague of rats caused by snake hunting is threatening thousands of Miskito Indians with famine in a remote corner of Nicaragua's jungle, while vampire bats are raising concerns about rabies. The rat population has boomed in Miskito territories as people hunt more snakes, the rats' natural predator, for food and for their skins.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, In Pakistan Mufti Mohammed Sabir, a suspected Islamic militant, was arrested in Karachi after a shootout. He was wanted in connection with making a car bomb used in a suicide attack May 8, 2002, that killed 15 people, including 11 French engineers.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, The Saudi Interior Ministry said security forces killed five of Saudi Arabia's most-wanted al-Qaida militants in a three-day battle in an eastern city earlier this week and arrested 11 other suspects.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger guerrillas ambushed a police patrol in the island's restive northeast, killing two constables and wounding six.
    (AFP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, In northeastern Syria security forces clashed with Islamic militants, killing one and arresting three others in the country's latest move against a group accused of planning bomb attacks.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko dismissed his Cabinet amid swirling allegations of corruption, saying members of the fragile coalition formed after last year's Orange Revolution had turned on one another.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, In the Virgin Islands Elena Lin Yee was arrested and charged with impersonating a US government official and misuse of official documents. Yee used fake credentials to pose as a US ambassador to Grenada, the wife of a former US ambassador to the UN and a US ambassador-at-large.
    (AP, 9/9/05)

2006        Sep 8, The Bush administration said it has blocked access to the US financial system by Iran’s Bank Saderat. The bank was alleged to have helped transfer hundreds of millions of dollars to terrorist organizations including Hezbollah and Hamas.
    (WSJ, 9/9/06, p.A4)
2006        Sep 8, The United States Naval Air Station Keflavik (NASKEF) closed at Iceland’s Keflavik Int’l. Airport.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Air_Station_Keflavik)
2006        Sep 8, A Senate report faulted intelligence gathering in the lead-up to the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, and said Saddam Hussein regarded al-Qaida as a threat rather than a possible ally, contradicting assertions President Bush had used to build support for the war.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2006        Sep 8, Walter C. Anderson (52), US telecom mogul, pleaded guilty to evading over $200 million in federal and local taxes in an offshore scheme from the sale of Mid-Atlantic Telecom. His plea agreement only covered transactions from 1998-1999.
    (WSJ, 9/9/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 8, The Miami Herald reported that 10 South Florida journalists, including three with the Herald's Spanish-language sister paper, received thousands of dollars from the federal government for their work on radio and TV programming aimed at undermining Fidel Castro's communist regime. The Herald fired 3 of the journalists.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 8, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom said 50 new security cameras will be installed in public housing projects around San Francisco over the next 18 months.
    (SFC, 9/9/06, p.B1)
2006        Sep 8, In Minneapolis ground was broken for the new Masjid An-Nur mosque, the 1st mosque in Minnesota.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.32)
2006        Sep 8, The Day fire in California’s Los Padres National Forest burned out of control for a 5th day and blackened over 11,500 acres (18 square miles).
    (SFC, 9/9/06, p.B2)
2006        Sep 8, In Florida Melinda Duckett (21) shot herself to death one day after taping a TV interview with Nancy Grace for CNN. Duckett had reported that her 2-year-old son had been kidnapped on Aug 27.
    (SFC, 9/14/06, p.A13)
2006        Sep 8, A suicide car bomber struck a convoy of US military vehicles in downtown Kabul, killing at least 16 people, including two American soldiers, and wounding 29 others. It was the Afghan capital's deadliest suicide attack since the Taliban's 2001 ouster.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, Opponents of President Evo Morales stayed home from work and blocked key streets in four cities to protest the governing party's handling of an assembly that is rewriting the Bolivian constitution.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 8, The Toronto International Film Festival got off to a multi-cultural start night with the premiere of "The Journals of Knud Rasmussen," a drama about Canada's Inuit people being stripped of their traditions by Christianity.
    (Reuters, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, In southern China crowds angered by alleged police mishandling of a school teacher's death attacked government offices in Rui'an City, sparking arrests and beatings by riot troops. Students and local residents claimed police falsified a report and colluded with the wealthy husband of high school English teacher Dai Haijing, 30, to have her Aug 18 death classified as a suicide.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 8, The UN's humanitarian chief called for an end to the rapes plaguing women in war-battered Congo and said the perpetrators, including those wearing military uniforms, must be severely punished.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, In western India 2 bombs rigged to bicycles struck in the crowded streets of the city of Malegaon, Maharashtra state, as Muslim worshippers were returning from afternoon prayers At least 37 people were killed and 100 wounded. 8 suspects later arrested for allegedly planting the bombs were all members of the Students' Islamic Movement of India, or SIMI. In 2011 seven of nine Muslim men, wrongfully arrested for the blasts, were released on bail. Two of the men were not released because of allegations they were involved in a separate series of explosions on suburban Mumbai trains that also occurred in 2006.
    (AP, 9/8/06)(AP, 11/27/06)(SFC, 11/28/08, p.A6)(AP, 11/16/11)
2006        Sep 8, A roadside bomb in Baghdad and a mortar attack on Shiite pilgrims south of the capital killed five people. A roadside bomb also struck an Iraqi army convoy in a village near Karmah, 50 miles west of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi soldiers. An American soldier died after being wounded in a roadside bomb explosion south of Baghdad. 3 mortar rounds landed on a procession of pilgrims heading to Karbala for a ceremony, killing at least three and wounding 22. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol In Baghdad killed two people and wounded six.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, Israel lifted its nearly two-month naval blockade of Lebanon after European warships began patrolling to keep out weapons shipments for Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, In Mexico a small plane crash near Ensenada on the US-Mexico border killed three American medical volunteers.
    (AP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 8, In Pakistan a bomb killed at least five people in restive Baluchistan province. 21 other people were wounded in the explosion near a bus station in the town of Barkhan.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, Engineers covered in head-to-toe protective gear inserted a neutralizing solution into bombs filled with a nerve agent, officially starting the work of Russia's first plant for destroying the deadly chemicals.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 8, It was reported that Saudi Arabia’s religious police have issued a decree in Jiddah and Mecca banning the sale of the pets, seen as a sign of Western influence.
    (AP, 9/8/06)
2006        Sep 8, In South Africa Hilda Bernstein (b.1915), a London-born anti-apartheid activist and author, died. Her husband was tried for treason alongside Nelson Mandela in 1964. Rusty Bernstein (d.2002) was the only defendant acquitted and freed. Police harassment made life afterward so difficult for the Bernsteins that the couple was forced into exile, leaving their children behind. They crossed the border to Botswana on foot, a journey described in Hilda Bernstein's book "The World That Was Ours."
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 8, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir agreed to release American journalist Paul Salopek and his Chadian assistants after meeting with New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson.
    (AP, 9/9/06)
2006        Sep 8, The UN General Assembly adopted a long-awaited strategy to combat terrorism, though many nations lamented that it does not include a definition or say anything about states that commit terrorist acts.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

2007        Sep 8, In SF “The Singularity Summit: AI and the Future of Humanity" opened at the Palace of Fine Arts. The singularity term was used to describe the day when machines become smart enough to reprogram themselves. Peter Thiel, founder of PayPal, was the principal backer.
    (SFC, 9/7/07, p.A16)
2007        Sep 8, In Nevada Darrin Tuck (26) handed in a videotape to Nevada authorities. The graphic video depicted a 2003 sexual assault on a 2-year-old girl. Chester Arthur Stiles was tracked down following a nationwide manhunt. In 2009 Stiles was sentenced to 21 terms of life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.A4)(www.amw.com/fugitives/case.cfm?id=49286)
2007        Sep 8, In Odessa, Texas, 2 police officers responding to a domestic disturbance were killed and a third was critically wounded by a gunman who led authorities on an hours-long standoff. Gunman Larry White (58) was shot in the abdomen but was in stable condition.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 8, Deputies in Big Creek, West Virginia, found Megan Williams (20), who was sexually abused, beaten and stabbed while held captive for at least a week. She was repeatedly called a racial slur during the attacks in Big Creek, about 35 miles southwest of Charleston. Six people, all white, including a mother and son and a mother and daughter, were arrested in connection with the alleged abduction of the black woman. The suspects pleaded guilty and were sent to prison. In 2009 Williams, while living in Ohio, said she had lied about the abuse in 2007 in order to get back at her boyfriend, who had beaten her.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(SFC, 9/11/07, p.A9)(SFC, 10/22/09, p.A6)
2007        Sep 8, In Washington state 5 members of the Makah tribe killed a California gray whale with harpoons and a rifle without tribal approval. In October a federal grand jury charged the 5 Makah men with misdemeanor counts.
    (SFC, 9/10/07, p.A4)(SFC, 10/5/07, p.A4)
2007        Sep 8, The Afghan defense ministry said at least 50 Taliban rebels have been killed in two days of operations by Afghan and US-led troops across southern Afghanistan. In southern Afghanistan 2 British soldiers were killed in a Taliban attack and a number of other troops were wounded.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, A booby-trapped car exploded at a barracks housing coast guard officials, killing 30 officers in Algeria's second terror attack this week. Al-Qaida in Islamic North Africa claimed responsibility. The suicide bomber was reported to be a 15-year-old student.
    (AP, 9/8/07)(AP, 9/9/07)(AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 8, Asia Pacific leaders overcame differences on climate change to agree to take action against greenhouse gases at a key summit protected by the tightest security in Australian history.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, In Austria Pope Benedict XVI blasted Europeans for being selfish and not having enough children, in a sermon at the 850-year-old pilgrimage site of Mariazell.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, Hundreds of colleges reopened in Bangladesh, two weeks after the country's military-backed government shut them down to quell nationwide student unrest.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, It was reported that China has 126 airports, 57 of which can handle private planes. This was compared to 500 airports in the US that can handle big commercial airliners, and some 10,000 that handle smaller planes.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.69)
2007        Sep 8, In Colombia the Red Cross said it has recovered all 11 bodies presumed to be lawmakers who were killed in a shootout while held hostage by leftist rebels.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, Congo and Uganda signed an agreement to immediately move refugee camps 93 miles from their shared border to improve security.
    (AP, 9/13/07)
2007        Sep 8, A small Sunni Arab bloc ended its parliamentary boycott, returning to the legislature as it considers key benchmark legislation demanded by Washington amid increasing pressure to end the political deadlock. A suicide bomber drove through a checkpoint and blew up his car in Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City, killing at least 15 people in an attack apparently aimed at a nearby market. A bomb went off midday at a crowded market in the Shiite city of Kufa, 100 miles south of Baghdad, killing four and injuring five. Gunmen in Najaf killed Mohammed al-Qarawi, director of tribal affairs in anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's office. A mortar shell hit a house in the predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Baladiyat in eastern Baghdad, killing two people and wounding three.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, Taiwan-born Ang Lee's erotic spy thriller "Lust, Caution" won the Venice Film Festival's top award, two years after he captured the same prize here with "Brokeback Mountain."
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 8, A late night riot broke out in Malaysia’s northeastern state of Terengganu after a group of opposition parties, including the main Islamist party, held an illegal rally. Malaysian police fired live rounds to quell the riot wounding two men.
    (Reuters, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 8, The Rev. Ian Paisley said he is stepping down as leader of the hard-line Protestant church he founded 56 years ago, a decision his opponents say was inevitable after he angered many by cooperating with Sinn Fein to form a Northern Ireland government.
    (AP, 9/9/07)
2007        Sep 8, In the Netherlands Carlos Hartmann (41), of Tecumseh, Mich., killed Thijs Geers (22), a Dutch student, on a train platform in the southern city of Roosendaal. Hartmann hoped to punish the Netherlands for its government's support of the war in Iraq and confessed to axing the student to death after failing to find a soldier to kill.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 8, Saudi Arabia and an influential Lebanese politician joined calls by Pakistan for former prime minister Nawaz Sharif to scrap plans to return to the country next week.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, Voting began in Sierra Leone's presidential runoff, a ballot to choose the West African nation's first new leader since UN peacekeepers withdrew two years ago.
    (AP, 9/8/07)
2007        Sep 8, In Sri Lanka military officials said at least 21 people were killed in fresh violence in the embattled northern and eastern regions over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 9/8/07)

2008        Sep 8, The US stock of Lehman Brothers, led by Dick Fuld, began to get pummeled. By Sep 10 shares were down by almost half their value.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.77) 
2008        Sep 8, In Berkeley, Ca., university officials cut off the food and water supply to 4 protesters who continued a 21-month-old protest in a lone redwood.
    (SFC, 9/9/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 8, In Oakland, Ca., authorities said 3 school district custodians had been arrested for stealing electronic equipment from the district.
    (SFC, 9/9/08, p.B3)
2008        Sep 8, A roadside blast in southern Afghanistan killed six civilians.
    (AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 8, Australian Trade Minister Simon Crean said Australia will not sell uranium to India unless it signs a key non-proliferation pact, despite a decision by nuclear supplier nations to end a ban on trading with New Delhi.
    (AFP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 8, In London 3 of 8 British Muslims with ties to Pakistan were found guilty of conspiracy to murder in a terrorist bombing campaign, but jurors failed to reach a verdict on whether they plotted to blow up multiple trans-Atlantic airliners with liquid explosives disguised as soft drinks. Abdullah Ahmed Ali, Assad Sarwar and Tanvir Hussain were convicted of trying to make a bomb out of hydrogen peroxide.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(SFC, 9/9/08, p.A8)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.63)
2008        Sep 8, In northern China a landslide triggered by heavy rain killed at least 277 people, with 10 missing and presumed dead in Shanxi province's Xiangfen county. In 2009 a Chinese court jailed 12 officials for the collapse of an illegal mining dump that triggered the landslide.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 6/28/09)
2008        Sep 8, Deadly Hurricane Ike roared across Cuba, blowing buildings to rubble and sending waves surging over homes. Some 900,000 Cubans evacuated from its path, which forecasters said could take it to Louisiana or Texas later this week.
    (AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 8, French President Nicolas Sarkozy pressed Moscow to honor its pledge to withdraw troops from Georgia, while Russian soldiers prevented international aid convoys from visiting Georgian villages in a tense zone around the breakaway province of South Ossetia. Pres. Medvedev and Sarkozy revised the EU-brokered deal to end the fighting between Russia and Georgia. Medvedev said 200 EU monitors would deploy to regions surrounding South Ossetia and Abkhazia by next month. After that, Russian troops would pull out of those regions by Oct. 11 to a line that preceded last month's fighting.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 8, Legal sources said the Church of Scientology is to be tried for fraud, and seven of its members for illegally prescribing drugs, in the latest clash between French officials and the controversial religion.
    (AP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 8, In Lebanon rival groups signed an agreement to end sectarian violence that has killed and wounded scores in the past three months in the northern city of Tripoli.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 8, Miners in the southern African kingdom of Lesotho found one of the world's largest diamonds, a near-flawless white gem weighing nearly 500 carats.
    (Reuters, 9/21/08)
2008        Sep 8, Nepal's Maoist-led government vowed to end slave-like conditions for around 150,000 bonded laborers in the far west of the country who have been paying off debt for generations. Nepal officially abolished all forms of slavery in 2001, but the Haliya system, which traps people in a cycle of debt, lived on in remote areas.
    (AFP, 9/8/08)
2008        Sep 8, In Pakistan missiles fired from 2 US drone aircraft hit a seminary and houses associated with a Taliban commander in North Waziristan, killing at least 21 people, including both militants, women and children. Neither Jalaluddin Haqqani nor his son, Sirajuddin, were present, but four mid-level Al-Qaeda operatives were among the dead.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(SFC, 9/9/08, p.A9)(WSJ, 9/9/08, p.A16)(AFP, 9/10/08)

2009        Sep 8, Pres. Obama made a speech aired on C-SPAN, addressed to school children encouraging them to study hard and stay in school.
    (SFC, 9/9/09, p.A6)
2009        Sep 8, A review committee on NASA, led by Norman Augustine, delivered a summary report saying the agency does not have enough money to return to the moon. The Augustine report also said that NASA should stop traveling to the Int’l. Space Station and to low Earth orbit in general, leaving these to the private sector.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.87)
2009        Sep 8, Philip Barry (52) of Brooklyn was charged with operating an alleged $40 million Ponzi scheme that stretched for three decades and apparently helped finance a pornography business. He had turned himself in to authorities in August after running the scheme for 31 years. Barry spent a portion of his investors' money on real-estate purchases that he hoped would appreciate. They did not.
    (http://nymag.com/daily/intel/2009/09/brooklyns_philip_barry_may_hav.html)
2009        Sep 8, A US District judge in San Francisco sentenced Williams “Boots" Del Biaggio III (41), former co-owner of the San Jose Sharks hockey team, to over 8 years in prison for bilking investors of million of dollars in a series of schemes to help buy a stake in the Nashville Predators professional hockey team and to pay off debts.
    (SFC, 9/9/09, p.D3)
2009        Sep 8, The SF Bay Bridge opened as work to fix a crack on the cantilever section of the bridge was fixed ahead of schedule. Cars were allowed to start crossing around 6:30 a.m.
    (www.contracostatimes.com/news/ci_13290522?source=rss)
2009        Sep 8, In Connecticut Annie Le (24), a California graduate student at Yale, disappeared after entering a laboratory building. She was due to be married on Sep 13. On Sep 13 police found her body stuffed behind a wall in the high-security laboratory building where she worked. On June 3, 2011, Raymond Clark III was sentenced to 44 years in prison for the murder.
    (SSFC, 9/13/09, p.A16)(AP, 9/14/09)(SFC, 6/4/11, p.A4)
2009        Sep 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai surpassed for the first time the 50% threshold needed to avoid a run-off in the presidential election, according to preliminary results, but with fraud allegations rising, a UN-backed commission ordered a re-count of tainted ballots. A suicide car bomb exploded outside the gates of the ISAF military airport in Kabul, killing three civilians and wounding nine people, including four foreign soldiers.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(AFP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, In Afghanistan Marine Corporal Dakota Meyer (21) saved the lives of 13 Marines and 23 Afghan soldiers during a 6-hour fight the with Taliban that left 5 other US soldiers dead in Kunar province. Marine Staff Sgt. Juan Rodriguez-Chavez accompanied Meyer. In 2011 the Kentucky farm boy was awarded the US Medal of Honor. For his valor, Rodriguez-Chavez, who hailed originally from Acuna, Mexico, would be awarded the Navy Cross.
    (SFC, 9/15/11, p.A12)(AP, 9/15/11)
2009        Sep 8, Across northern Argentina and southern Brazil a violent storm that spawned a tornado and mudslides killed at least 15 people. Dozens were injured in the winds and hail as their homes were destroyed.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, The British government said the last remaining armed paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland had pledged to decommission all their weapons within six months. Hours later army experts in Northern Ireland defused a massive roadside bomb, averting what could have been a "devastating" explosion in the long-troubled British province.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(AFP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, A British judge sentenced Neil Lewington (44), a racist who planned to attack people he considered "non-British," to at least six years in jail for terrorist offenses.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Deutsche Telekom AG and France Telecom SA said they intend to combine their British mobile phone units, shaking up the country's intensely competitive market and forming the country's biggest mobile operator. Analysts said Nokia Siemens Networks, the key equipment vendor to British operations of Deutsche Telekom and France Telecom, had most to lose in the merger.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(Reuters, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, In central China's Henan province an explosion at an illegal coal mine killed 42 miners and left another 37 men trapped. Elsewhere in Henan province 13 workers were killed in gold mine fire sparked by the severing of electrical wires in a cave-in.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, Colombia’s President Alvaro Uribe signed legislation calling for a national referendum on amending the constitution to allow him to seek re-election for a second time.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, In the Democratic Republic of Congo two Norwegians were sentenced to death by a court for murdering a Congolese man in the northeast of the country in May.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, A security official said Egyptian border guards shot dead four sub-Saharan migrants as they tried to illegally enter Israel.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, The EU said that a member states could be allowed to ban gambling websites if its intention was to stop crime.
    (Reuters, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom declared "a state of public calamity" to help mobilize funds and resources to confront a food shortage that will affect thousands of families.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, Iranian security forces cracked down on the opposition's campaign to highlight torture and abuse of prisoners in the country's postelection crisis, shutting down offices of pro-reform leaders and arresting five of their aides in a startling series of raids.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed Lt. Col. Zaid Hussein Khalaf, the head of an anti-terrorism police unit, and four of his bodyguards in the northern town of Armili, home to a large Shiite population. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol near the town of Daqouq, killing two policemen and wounding 3 others. A Health Ministry official escaped an assassination attempt when a roadside bomb hit his convoy in the eastern part of Baghdad, but one ministry employee died in the blast. Roadside bombs killed 4 US soldiers in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Mike Bongiorno (85), called Italy's "Quiz King," died. His big TV break came in the 1950s when he helped popularize the quiz show on Italian pubcaster Rai. One of his biggest hits was "Lascia o Raddoppia?" (Double or quits) the Italian version of "The $64,000 Question."
    (www.variety.com/article/VR1118008405.html?categoryid=14&cs=1&nid=2562)
2009        Sep 8, Kenya replaced its police chief on months after human rights groups complained that some his officers killed and raped during the violent aftermath of the disputed December 2007 elections, but activists said more reforms are needed to restore confidence in a notoriously predatory police force.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, In Mexico Police a body with both arms cut off was found dumped on a street in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. The court system in southern Tabasco state said rural journalists Roberto Juarez and Lazaro Abreu Tejero Sanchez have been arrested for allegedly working as informants for the Zetas, a gang aligned with the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, In northwest Pakistan Taliban militants attacked a group of boys on their way to school, killing four and wounding three in Orakzai ethnic Pashtun tribal region, because they were minority Shi'ite Muslims. Taliban militants are from the majority Sunni community and attack Shi'ites as part of their strategy to fight the government. Tribesmen retaliated after the attack and killed at least two militants and wounded several. Government aircraft attacked militants in a village, 30 km (20 miles) east of Kalaya, killing six of them and destroying four hideouts. Gunmen kidnapped a Greek man after killing a police guard in the northern Chitral region on the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Russia's foreign minister rejected speculation that the Arctic Sea, a hijacked Russian-crewed freighter, was carrying S-300 missiles possibly destined for Iran. A Russian shipping expert and an EU anti-piracy official have speculated that the vessel was carrying a clandestine cargo, possibly S-300 surface-to-air missiles for Iran or Syria.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Somalia graduated its first 500 naval recruits hoping they would form the backbone of the country’s first naval force in nearly two decades. 8 civilians were killed and 31 wounded overnight during clashes pitting insurgents against government and African Union forces in Mogadishu.
    (SFC, 9/9/09, p.A2)(AFP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Sudanese journalist Lubna Ahmed Hussein, who spent a day in jail for refusing to pay a fine for wearing "indecent trousers," vowed on her release to keep up the battle against the law. The UN’s human rights office said Sudan's conviction Hussein for indecency for wearing trousers violates international law and is emblematic of wider gender discrimination in the Islamic country.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)(Reuters, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, The Turkish conglomerate, Dogan Yayin, was slapped with a 3.75 lira ($2.5 billion) fine for allegedly evading taxes in the transfer of assets from one of its companies to another. This followed a $609 million fine levied in February against Aydin Dogan’s conglomerate.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mkkebw)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.72)
2009        Sep 8, In northwestern Turkey flash floods triggered by torrential rains killed six people and left swaths of lands awash. At least three people were reported missing.
    (AP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Uganda’s defense spokesman, Lieutenant Colonel Felix Kulayigye, said Ugandan troops have crossed into the neighboring Central African Republic (CAR) in pursuit of Lord's Resistance Army rebels with Bangui's blessing.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)
2009        Sep 8, Yemen’s the Interior Ministry said 4 Yemenis carrying explosives and guns had been arrested near the US embassy in San'a.
    (AP, 9/8/09)

2010        Sep 8, The leader of a small Florida church that espouses anti-Islam philosophy said he was determined to go through with his plan to burn copies of the Quran on Sept. 11, despite pressure from the White House, religious leaders and others to call it off.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, BP issued a report on the causes of the Deepwater Horizon catastrophe and listed the unfolding of the tragedy in 4 acts, each containing several errors.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.74)
2010        Sep 8, Tropical Storm Hermine swept north through Texas and into Oklahoma swamping city neighborhoods and killing 6 people, 5 in Texas and 1 in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 9/9/10, p.A7)(SFC, 9/11/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's brother said he made at least $800,000 by buying and then reselling a high-end Dubai villa using a loan provided by the chairman of the troubled Kabul Bank.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, In Australia a kangaroo was beaten to death with a metal pole in the Great Otway National Park in the southern state of Victoria. Three 8th grade pupils were later suspended from school as authorities investigated the beating.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 8, The head of a Bahraini human rights organization says the government has taken over his group and removed him from his post. The government said the group was "only serving one segment of society," referring to the country's majority Shiites.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Belgian police say 10 people have been arrested in raids across Europe against hackers who put illegal copies of movies and television series on the Internet. Police said 5 arrests were in Belgium and the other arrests were made in Poland, Norway and Sweden, where the alleged leaders of four computer piracy networks were being held.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, British mobile phone giant Vodafone lost a legal appeal against an Indian tax bill estimated at $2.0 billion relating to the group's 2007 purchase of local group Hutchison Essar.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Michael Lassen (61), English stained-glass artist, died in a hospital after falling from a ladder on Sep 3, while working on a widow at the Durham cathedral.
    (Econ, 10/9/10, p.124)
2010        Sep 8, The Bank of Canada raised its benchmark interest rate for a third consecutive time, nudging the rate up 25 basis points to 1 percent, but said a weak US economy would hamper Canada's recovery.
    (Reuters, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Diplomatic tensions between China and Japan escalated when Beijing called in Japan's ambassador for a second time after a Chinese fishing boat collided with two Japanese patrol vessels near a chain of disputed islands.
    (AP, 9/8/10) 
2010        Sep 8, Congo’s President Joseph Kabila ordered the indefinite suspension near the mining hub of Walikale, where more than 240 people were treated for rape last month.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 8, In East Timor Mario Viejas Carrascalao (73), a deputy prime minister, announced his resignation in a letter published in the national newspaper, Tempo Semanal. In a blow to his "personal dignity," he said PM Gusmao had screamed at him at a public meeting and called him dumb. Carrascalao outlined a long list of problems facing East Timor, accusing the government of failing to address and sometimes participating in corruption and nepotism, and increasing their own well-being while ordinary citizens continued to live in abject poverty.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, German Chancellor Angela Merkel praised the bravery of illustrator Kurt Westergaard (75), a Danish cartoonist who caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, at an award ceremony honoring his achievements for freedom of speech.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, Iran’s foreign ministry said authorities have suspended the execution by stoning of a woman convicted of adultery. A judiciary official told Fars news agency that the woman facing death by stoning has expressed surprise over reports that she was lashed after a British newspaper published a picture showing her without a headscarf. Fars reported that Vahid Kazemzadeh, a member of the Iranian judiciary's Islamic Human Rights Commission, said he has met Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani, who also complained to him that she has never met her lawyer, Mohammad Mostafaie.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)(Reuters, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Iran’s UN ambassador Mohammad Khazaee told the UN General Assembly his country needs more international help to combat the narcotics trade which he said was the "main financial source" for militant groups in the region.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, In Iraqi 4 prisoners with links to al-Qaida have escaped from the US-controlled part of the Karkh maximum-security prison, formerly Camp Cropper, in Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, Ireland announced it plans to split its most troubled financial institution, Anglo Irish Bank, in two as part of wider efforts to reassure international lenders that the Irish are dealing with their debt crisis.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Israelis ushered in the Jewish new year, or Rosh Hashana, at sundown with a widespread sense of pessimism that a new round of US-sponsored Mideast talks can achieve peace.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, Israel Tal (86), a decorated war hero and the creator of Israel's renowned "Merkava" tank, died in the Israeli town of Rehovot. In the 1970s Tal oversaw the design of the Merkava tank (Hebrew for "chariot") which is widely seen as one of the best of its time.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, In Mexico hooded gunmen burst into Mayor Alexander Lopez Garcia's office in the northern Mexico state of San Luis Potosi and shot him to death. He was the third mayor slain in less than a month.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, In southern Mexico tens of thousands of people have abandoned their homes to escape flooding from weeks of torrential rains, and forecasts are predicting even more rainfall. The flooding has affected all four of Mexico's southernmost states: Tabasco, Veracruz, Chiapas and Oaxaca.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, In northern Morocco 9 Portuguese tourists were killed and 14 injured when their tour bus plunged into a ravine.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, In Pakistan 3 suspected US missile strikes in less than 12 hours hit militant targets in the northwest, an unusually intense barrage that follows four other such attacks in the last week. At least 14 suspected militants were killed.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, The Palestinian Authority said it has arrested an unspecified number of Hamas activists believed to be responsible for two shooting attacks in the West Bank last week, one of which left four Jewish settlers dead. Palestinian militants fired a mortar round from the Gaza Strip narrowly missing a kindergarten in a kibbutz in southern Israel.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Somali pirates hijacked the Malta flagged cargo ship MV Olib G and its crew of 15 Georgian and 3 Turkish sailors. The ship was just carrying ballast.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 8, Somali pirates hijacked the German-owned Magellan Star, flagged under Antigua and Barbuda. The next day US Marine commandos stormed the cargo vessel off the Somalia coast, and reclaimed control of the ship, taking nine prisoners without firing a shot.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, South Korea said it will ban unauthorized financial dealings with Iran and impose other penalties as part of a US-led campaign to enforce sanctions against the country over its disputed nuclear enrichment program. South Korea listed 126 Iranian companies and individuals for the sanctions.
    (AP, 9/8/10)(SFC, 9/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Sep 8, Sri Lanka's Parliament voted to eliminate term limits for the president, a move critics say could lead to dictatorship. Sri Lanka’s 1978 Constitution was amended for the 18th time giving the president more power and removing the bar on his serving more that two 6-years terms.
    (AP, 9/8/10)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.20)
2010        Sep 8, In Sudan a Darfur rebel group was attacked by Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army guerrillas. The group later said 2 small reconnaissance groups of about 20 young LRA rebels carrying light arms shot and killed one LJM soldier before retreating into dense forest in remote South Darfur.
    (Reuters, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 8, The UN Children's Fund launched a scheme to provide 13 million textbooks to Zimbabwe's students, in a 50-million-dollar effort to revive the struggling school system.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)

2011        Sep 8, President Barack Obama unveiled a larger-than-expected $450 billion plan to boost jobs and put cash in the pockets of dispirited Americans, urging Republican skeptics to embrace an approach heavy on the tax cuts they traditionally love.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, The US government accused a powerful Venezuelan general, an intelligence official and two political allies of President Hugo Chavez of providing arms, security and training to Colombia's main rebel group. It barred Americans from doing business with them.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, SF police arrested 20-30 protesters at the Powell Street BART station. The station was closed for 2 hours after officers determined that demonstrators were creating unsafe conditions there. Protesters hoped to force BART to disband its police force. 8-10 men in black hoodies smashed fare gates, card readers and ticket vending machines at the Glen Park Station.
    (SFC, 9/9/11, p.C1)(SFC, 9/10/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 8, In Washington state hundreds of longshoremen stormed the Port of Longview, overpowered and held security guards, damaged railroad cars, and dumped grain that is the center of a labor dispute. The blockade appeared to defy a federal restraining order issued last week against the union after it was accused of assaults and death threats.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Tropical Storm Lee dumped heavy rain in the Northeast. The Susquehanna River and its tributaries in New York and Pennsylvania swamped thousands of homes. At least 15 deaths were blamed on the storm and its aftermath: 7 in Pennsylvania, 3 in Virginia, one in Maryland and 4 others when it came ashore on the Gulf Coast a week earlier.
    (SFC, 9/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 8, A power blackout hit the southwest affecting 5 million people in Baja California, southern California, Arizona and parts of Sonora. It was caused by a utility worker making a routine repair in Yuma, Az. Most power was restored within 12 hours.
    (www.philly.com/philly/news/nation_world/129599288.html)
2011        Sep 8, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 9/8/11)     
2011        Sep 8, In Algeria experts from some 40 African countries gathered at a conference on desertification. The 10th session of the decision-making body of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification opens in South Korea next month.
    (AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, British fashion icon John Galliano (50) was convicted of anti-Semitism for hurling abuse at bar patrons in Paris' Jewish quarter in a career-breaking outburst he has blamed on drink and drugs. In the French trial in July Galliano apologized for his conduct. He received suspended fines totaling 6,000-euro (£5,200, $8,400).
    (AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Iraqi journalist Hadi al-Mehdi (30), was shot by gunmen using silenced pistols in his Baghdad home. He (al-Mahdi) had criticized the government and helped organize pro-reform protests.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.58)
2011        Sep 8, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's loyalists fired at least 10 rockets from inside Bani Walid, one of his last strongholds, hours after the ousted leader urged his fighters to crush opponents he ridiculed as "germs, rats and scumbags." The barrage followed a close-quarters gunfight in the same area between a patrol of fighters and several loyalist youths in a civilian car. One of the Gadhafi gunmen was killed. NATO said overnight bombing targets included 5 armored vehicles near Sirte and 18 surface-to-air missile systems near the town of Waddan.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, The Mexican Navy said it has dismantled a telecommunications system set up by the Zetas drug cartel in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz and arrested 80 people, including six police officers in a 26-day operation.
    (AP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 8, In Nigeria gunmen attacked Tsohon Foron village outside Jos, killing 12 people, including 7 children. Witnesses blamed the attack on regional Muslim Fulani herders.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 8, Palestinians officially launched their campaign to join the United Nations as a full member state, saying they would stage a series of peaceful events in the run-up to the annual gathering of the UN General Assembly later this month.
    (AP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Thirteen Sudanese police officers were killed and 30 wounded in clashes with an armed gang as they tried to rescue three hostages in the war-torn Darfur region.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Sep 8, Syrian security forces unleashed one of the deadliest military assaults on the rebellious city of Homs. Security forces stormed the northwestern village of Ibleen and killed three military defectors.
    (AP, 9/8/11)(AFP, 9/8/11)
2011        Sep 8, Yemeni medical officials said 2 civilians including a young girl were killed and 23 others wounded in air raids on Jaar, a southern town held by Islamist militants.
    (AFP, 9/8/11)

2012        Sep 8, Another prisoner died at the US Navy base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. He was apparently found unconscious in his cell at the isolated, high-security prison. He was the ninth detainee to die at the facility since it was opened in January 2002. He was identified on Sep 11 as Adnan Latif of Yemen, a man with a history of mental illness who battled guards inside the prison and challenged his confinement all the way to the Supreme Court. An autopsy revealed that Latif died from an overdose of psychiatric medication.
    (AP, 9/10/12)(AP, 9/11/12)(AP, 11/29/12)
2012        Sep 8, In Oklahoma fierce overnight thunderstorms carried a mobile home into a creek killing 3 people. A truck driver was killed when wind flipped his semi onto a concrete barrier.
    (SSFC, 9/9/12, p.A10)
2012        Sep 8, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber blew himself up outside NATO headquarters in Kabul, killing at least six civilians in a strike that targeted the heart of the US-led military operation in the country. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, Hong Kong officials backed down on plans to make students take Chinese patriotism classes following a week of protests in the former British colony sparked by fears of pro-Beijing "brainwashing."
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, In Indonesia a suspected militant was critically injured when a bomb apparently being prepared for a terrorist attack exploded in a house near Jakarta. At least three other people living nearby were injured along with two suspects who fled.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, In Nicaragua the San Cristobal volcano spewed out a column of ash and gas 2½ miles high, leading authorities to evacuate about 3,000 people from nine communities around the country's tallest mountain.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, Niger's interior minister said that some of the international aid intended for the victims of recent floods has been stolen.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, Pakistan and India signed a new visa agreement in Islamabad that makes cross-border travel easier, the latest sign of thawing relations between two countries that have long seen each other as enemies.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, Pakistani security forces pushed Taliban militants who came from Afghanistan back across the border after more than two weeks of fighting in the mountainous Bajur tribal region. The government said over 100 people were killed in the offensive.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas says that government employees will not receive full salaries this month because donor countries have not delivered promised aid.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, A Russian MI-35 military helicopter crashed into a mountain in the republic of Dagestan, killing all three crewmen aboard.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, Sierra Leone said that 10 suspected Iranian ships "hiding" under the Sierra Leonean flag "have recently been removed from the register." The action was in relation to a vessel that was seized in Lebanon recently carrying arms for Syria, and allegedly flying the Sierra Leone flag.
    (AP, 9/9/12)
2012        Sep 8, The Syrian government pounded Aleppo with warplanes and artillery. Some 148 people were reported killed across the country including 77 in Aleppo.
    (SSFC, 9/9/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 8, In Ukraine hundreds of demonstrators rallied in the center of Kiev to protest what they call the government's crackdown on one of the few remaining independent TV channels ahead of parliamentary elections in late October.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 8, A Yemeni military official said clashes in southern Yemen have killed five al-Qaida militants and one pro-government tribal fighter in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2013        Sep 8, The US National Security Agency is able to crack protective measures on iPhones, BlackBerry and Android devices, giving it access to users' data on all major smartphones, according to a report today in German news weekly Der Spiegel.
    (AP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, In the SF Bay Area a wildfire near Mount Diable State Park burned over 800 acres.
    (SFC, 9/9/13, p.A1)
2013        Sep 8, Cal Worthington (92), a car dealer who made himself famous with offbeat TV commercials, died at his California ranch.
    (SFC, 9/11/13, p.D3)
2013        Sep 8, In Afghanistan Taliban militants detonated a car bomb outside an Afghan intelligence office near Kabul and then tried to attack it on foot with guns. At least 4 soldiers guarding the compound were killed and 6 insurgents died in the assault.
    (AP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, Cambodia's election committee handed victory in hotly disputed polls to the ruling party of PM Hun Sen, prompting the opposition to say it will boycott parliament and stage further protests over allegations of widespread fraud.
    (AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, Former presidential candidate and opposition leader Amr Mussa was elected head of Egypt's 50-member panel that has been tasked with drawing up a new constitution.
    (AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, Egyptian Gen. Osama Askar, commander of the 3rd Army, told reporters that the shoulder-fired SAM-7 missiles were found in a mosque and in homes of suspected militants in the southern part of Sheikh Zuweyid town, near the border with the Gaza Strip and Israel.
    (AP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, In Guatemala at least 11 people were killed and another 15 injured in an armed standoff at a liquor store in the village of San Jose Nacahuil.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)
2013        Sep 8, Indonesia moved the final round of the Miss World pageant from Java island to Bali amid protests by hard-line Muslims.
    (SSFC, 9/8/13, p.A3)
2013        Sep 8, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto proposed a sweeping overhaul of his country’s tax system.
    (SFC, 9/9/13, p.A4)   
2013        Sep 8, In northeast Nigeria an attack by suspected Islamic sect members on Benisheik, a town guarded by a vigilante group, killed at least 18 people and injured 17.
    (AP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari stepped down at the end of his 5-year term becoming the first democratically elected president in Pakistan’s history to complete his full term in office.
    (SFC, 9/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 8, Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny (37) faced off against Sergei Sobyanin, a Kremlin ally, in a Moscow mayoral election with high stakes for both President Vladimir Putin and his foes.
    (AP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, In Saudi Arabia another three people were reported dead after contracting the MERS coronavirus, bringing the kingdom's total fatalities of the SARS-like virus to 47.
    (AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, The Somali authorities launched a campaign aimed at getting one million children in the war-torn nation into school.
    (AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, In Sudan Yousef Mohammed Saleh Lebis, jailed in connection with an alleged coup attempt nine years ago, walked free following a pardon by President Omar al-Bashir.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 8, Syrian activists said rebels including al-Qaida-linked fighters gained control of a Christian village northeast of Damascus. Government media provided a dramatically different account of the battle suggesting regime forces were winning.
    (AP, 9/8/13)

2014        Sep 8, Torrential rains drenched much of the US Southwest, prompting flash-flood warnings across four states and taking the lives of two women washed away in separate incidents in Arizona.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, US federal and state health officials said hundreds of children across the Midwest have been stricken by a potentially serious respiratory illness, and many states were asking for federal help testing and tracking cases. Many of the cases were positive for the Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68).
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Iowa State University student Tong Shao (20) disappeared. On Sep 26 police found a car connected with Shao, a junior chemical engineering student from China, and then found a body in the trunk.
    (AP, 9/27/14)
2014        Sep 8, Harvard Univeresity announced that its school of public health has received a record $350 million donation from the philanthropic foundation established by the family of Hong Kong real estate developer T.H. Chan (d.1986).
    (SFC, 9/9/14, p.A5)
2014        Sep 8, Chick-fil-A founder S. Truett Cathy (93) died in Georgia. The billionaire rose from poverty by building a privately held restaurant chain that famously closes every Sunday but drew unwanted attention for the Cathy family's opposition to gay marriage.
    (AP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Ray Rice, running back for the Baltimore Ravens, was dropped indefinitely by the NFL after video footage emerged showing him punching his future wife unconscious in a casino lift. He had initially received a two-game suspension after being indicted in March for the assault. The charges were dropped after he agreed to counseling.
    (Econ, 9/20/14, p.27)
2014        Sep 8, In Nevada an experimental plane crashed killing pilot Lee Behel (64) as he attempted to qualify for the Reno National Championship Air Races.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 8, Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah insisted that he won the country's disputed election, dimming hopes that a power-sharing deal could soon be agreed to end the prolonged political crisis.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, In Chile at least 14 people were injured when an explosion ripped through a fast-food restaurant in Santiago. Fragments from a fire extinguisher filled with gunpowder caused the injuries.
    (SFC, 9/9/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 8, In Ethiopia African Union chiefs held an emergency meeting to hammer out a continent-wide strategy to deal with the Ebola epidemic, which has killed over 2,000 people in west Africa.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Hong Kong pulled pineapple buns and dumplings from the shelves after Taiwanese authorities said a factory in the south of the island illegally used 243 tons of tainted products, often referred to as "gutter oil", to mix with lard oil. Oil from Chang Guann, the Taiwanese oil manufacturer, was at the heart of the scandal.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Hungarian police raided two NGOs responsible for distributing Norwegian grants aimed at strengthening civil society in poorer parts of Europe. Norway suspended payments in response to a government audit of NGOs such as the Roma Press Center, Women for Women against Violence and the Labrisz Lesbian Association.
    (Econ, 9/13/14, p.68)
2014        Sep 8, An Iranian government minister said Afghan and Pakistani nationals, who were planning to join the ranks of Islamic State jihadists fighting in Syria and Iraq, have been arrested in Iran.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Iraq’s parliament officially named Haider al-Abadi as the new prime minister. An Islamic State suicide bomber killed 16 people at a meeting of Sunni tribal fighters and security troops in Duluiyah. Iraqi security forces retook the Anbar provincial town of Barwana following US airstrikes. The Arab League agreed to take urgent measures to combat extremists like the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 9/8/14)(SFC, 9/9/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 8, In Israel Goel Ratzon (64) was convicted of sex crimes and financial fraud, but was acquitted on charges of enslavement. Prior to his 2010 arrest he had 21 wives and more than 40 children.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, p.A4)
2014        Sep 8, The Italian foreign ministry said 3 missionary nuns have been found slain in their convent in Burundi.
    (SFC, 9/9/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 8, Lithuania's central bank cut its 2014 economic growth forecast, citing in part Russia's ban on imports on certain foods from several Western countries.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, A Nigerian official said the military has recaptured the town of Bama in northeast Borno state from Boko Haram and blocked the Islamist militants' advance towards the state capital Maiduguri.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Pakistan's military said it has killed 10 militants and destroyed an explosives cache in fresh air strikes as part of a major offensive against the Taliban in North Waziristan.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Human Rights Watch said Internationally-funded African Union troops in Somalia (AMISOM) have raped women and girls as young as 12 and traded food aid for sex.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)
2014        Sep 8, Somalia's Islamist rebel group al-Shabaab bombed African Union peacekeepers and government vehicles in twin attacks that left at least 12 civilians dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government warplanes killed at least 60 civilians including a dozen children in two days of air strikes on Islamic State-held territory at the weekend.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko announced that 1,200 captives held by pro-Russian rebels have been freed over the last 4 days.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)
2014        Sep 8, Yemen sacked the commander of its police special forces, a day after clashes broke out as they tried in vain to disperse a Shiite rebel sit-in blocking the road to Sanaa airport.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)

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