Today in History - September 10

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1349        Sep 10, The Jews who survived a massacre in Constance, Germany, were burned to death.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1382        Sep 10, Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary and Poland, died. Mary (1372-1395), daughter of Louis I, became queen of Hungary.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.135)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_of_Hungary)

1419        Sep 10, John the Fearless (48), Burgundy and French warrior, was murdered at Montereau, France, by supporters of the dauphine.
    (HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)

1487        Sep 10, Julius III, Italian counter-Reformation Pope (1550-1555), was born. He was also a poet and promoted the Jesuits.
    (WUD, 1994, p.773)(HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)

1547        Sep 10, The Duke of Somerset led the English to a resounding victory over the Scots at Pinkie Cleugh. This was the last battle to be fought between English and Scottish royal armies and the last in which the longbow was used tactically en masse.
    (HN, 9/10/98)(WSJ, 11/4/04, p.D10)
1547        Sep 10, The English demanded that Edward VI (10), wed Mary Queen of Scots (5).
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1547        Sep 10, Pierlugi Faranese, Italian son of Pope Paul III, was murdered.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1588        Sep 10, Nicholas Lanier, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1588        Sep 10, Thomas Cavendish returned to England, becoming the third man to circumnavigate the globe.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1608        Sep 10, John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony council in Virginia. Before coming to Virginia, John Smith had served as a mercenary in Hungary and was wounded, captured and sold into slavery by his Turkish adversaries; he escaped by killing his owner. Smith studied the Powhattan language and culture. Pocahontas was a Powhattan Indian girl of 10-11 years when she new Smith in Virginia. Records of the colony were kept by William Strachey, its official historian. The Powhattans were an aggressive tribe and under Chief Powhattan’s leadership, they conquered and subjugated more than 20 other tribes.
    (WSJ, 6/13/95, p.A-18)(AP, 9/10/97)

1623        Sep 10, Lumber and furs were the first cargo to leave New Plymouth in North America for England.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1736        Sep 10, Carter Braxton, US farmer and signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1749        Sep 10, Emilie du Chatelet (b.1706), writer and mathematician, died from an infection that followed a pregnancy. Her work included a translation of Newton’s Principia from Latin to French. She met Voltaire in 1733 and they soon began living together. In 1957 Nancy Mitford authored “Voltaire in Love." In 2006 David Bodanis authored “Passionate Minds: The Great Enlightenment Love Affair" and Judith P. Zinsser authored “La Dame d’Esprit."
    (www.math.wichita.edu/history/women/chatelet.html)(WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P12)

1754        Sep 10, William Bligh, was born. He was the British naval officer who was the victim of two mutinies, the most famous on the HMS Bounty which was taken over by Fletcher Christian in 1789. [see Sep 9]
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1776        Sep 10, George Washington asked for a spy volunteer and Nathan Hale volunteered.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1779        Sep 10, Louis Alexandre Piccinni, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1794        Sep 10, America's first non-denominational college, Blount College (later the University of Tennessee), was chartered.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1813        Sep 10, The nine-ship American flotilla under Oliver Hazard Perry wrested naval supremacy from the British on Lake Erie by capturing or destroying a force of six English vessels in the War of 1812. With Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship unable to fight, an outmatched British flotilla faced the prospect of a remarkable victory. But Perry only transferred his pennant to another ship and fought on. American Captain Oliver Hazard Perry led his home-built 10-vessel fleet to victory against a six-vessel British squadron commanded by Captain Robert H. Barclay in the Battle of Lake Erie. Perry's triumph, marked by his legendary message to General William Henry Harrison, "We have met the enemy and they are ours," was of great strategic value for the United States because it ensured American control of the Northwest Territory. During the battle, Perry left his badly damaged Lawrence and transferred his motto flag, reading, "Don't Give Up the Ship," to Niagara. From there he continued the fight.
    (AP, 9/10/97)(HN, 9/10/98) (HNPD, 9/10/98)

1823        Sep 10, Simon Bolivar was named president of Peru and assumed the presidency with dictatorial powers. He had led the wars for independence from Spain in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1836        Sep 10, Joseph Wheeler II, Maj. Gen. of the Confederacy, Cavalry, Army of Tennessee, was born.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1838        Sep 10, The opera "Benvenuto Cellini," by Hector Berlioz, premiered in Paris. It was based on Cellini's autobiography.
    (MC, 9/10/01)(WSJ, 12/16/03, p.D10)

1846        Sep 10, Elias Howe of Spencer, Mass., received a U.S. patent for his first workable lockstitch sewing machine. Howe, a Massachusetts machinist, developed his sewing machine in 1843-45 and patented it in 1846. Although Howe's machine sewed only short, straight lines, tailors and seamstresses saw it as a threat to their jobs. Unable to market his machine in America, Howe took it to Britain where he sold the rights to an English manufacturer in 1847. Upon his return to the United States, Howe discovered that his patent had been infringed upon by other sewing machine manufacturers, such as Isaac Singer. After a lengthy court battle, Howe's patent was upheld and royalties from sewing machine sales made him a wealthy man.
    (CFA, '96, p.54)(AP, 9/10/97)(HNPD, 7/9/98)(HN, 9/10/98)

1847        Sep 10, John Roy Lynch, first African-American to deliver the keynote address at a Republican National Convention, was born.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1849        Sep 10, US actor Edwin Booth, brother of Lincoln Assassinator John Wilkes Booth, made his 1st performance in Richard III.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1861        Sep 10, Confederates at Carnifex Ferry, Virginia, fell back after being attacked by Union troops. There were 170 casualties. The action was instrumental in helping preserve western Virginia for the Union.
    (HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)

1869        Sep 10, A Baptist minister invented the rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan. The jinrikisha, or rickshaw, was developed as a cheap alternative to horse power in 1870. In 1998 Tony wheeler wrote “Chasing Rickshaws" with photographs by Richard I’Anson.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.T9)(MC, 9/10/01)

1875        Sep 10, M.K. Ciurlionis (d.1911), Lithuanian artist and composer, was born. Sep 22 is also given as a birth date.
    (LC, 1998, p.12,24)

1879        Sep 10, Pacific Coast Oil Co. was founded in San Francisco by Lloyd Tevis, George Loomis and Charles Felton. In 1906 it became Standard Oil Co. (California). In 1926 it became Standard Oil Co. of California (Socal). In 1984 it became Chevron Corp. In 2001 it became ChevronTexaco. In 2005 it was renamed Chevron Corp.
    (SFC, 10/20/04, p.C6)(SFC, 5/10/05, p.D1)

1882        Sep 10, The 1st international conference to promote anti-Semitism met in Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests).
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1885        Sep 10, Carl Clinton Van Doren, historian and critic who won a Pulitzer Prize for his biography on Benjamin Franklin, was born. His work included “9th Wave."
    (HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)

1890        Sep 10, Franz Werfel, author (40 Days of Musa Dagh), was born in Austria.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1892        Sep 10, Arthur Compton, physicist, was born in Wooster, Ohio.
    (HN, 9/10/00)

1894        Sep 10, London taxi driver George ("Mac") Smith was 1st to be fined for drunk driving (no horse to take him home).
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1896        Sep 10, Elsa Schiaparelli, French fashion designer, was born.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1897        Sep 10, Police shot at striking mine workers in Pennsylvania and 20 people were killed.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1907        Sep 10, Alaska’s Tongass National Forest, the largest US National Forest, was established as part of the National Forest System in a presidential proclamation made by Theodore Roosevelt. In 1908 it was joined with the Alexander Archipelago Forest Reserve, established in 1902.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tongass_National_Forest)
1907        Sep 10, Herbert Marcus Sr., his sister Carrie Marcus Nieman, and her husband A.I. Nieman opened the retail firm Neiman Marcus in Dallas, Texas. By 2002 the firm had 32 US stores.
    (SSFC, 9/9/07, p.G3)(AP, 9/10/07)

1912        Sep 10, In France J. Vedrines became the first pilot to break 100 m.p.h. barrier.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1914        Sep 10, The six-day Battle of the Marne ended, and the German advance into France was stopped. 20th century history turned on this pivotal event.
    (HN, 9/10/98)(WSJ, 12/31/99, p.A10)

1915        Sep 10, Edmond O'Brien (d.1985), film actor, was born in NYC. His films included "Hunchback of Notre Dame" (1939) and "The Wild Bunch" (1969).
    (www.hollywood.com)

1919        Sep 10, Robert B. Leighton (d.3/9/97), physicist, was born in Detroit.
    (SFC, 3/15/97, p.A19)
1919        Sep 10, New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who had served in the U.S. First Division during World War I.
    (AP, 9/10/97)
1919        Sep 10, The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, was signed by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the new Republic of Austria on the other.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint_Germain)

1923        Sep 10, The Irish Free state joined the League of Nations.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1923        Sep 10, In response to a dispute with Yugoslavia, Mussolini mobilized Italian troops on Serb front.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1924        Sep 10, Leopold and Loeb were found guilty of deliberate, casual murder in Chicago.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1924        Sep 10, Architect Willis Polk (b.1867) died. He had designed the Filoli estate on the Peninsula and the glass-fronted Hallidie Building on Sutter St. The Filoli House, an elegant Georgian house west of Redwood City, was built by mining millionaire William Bourn.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willis_Polk)

1927        Sep 10, Yma Sumac, [Chavarri], 5 octave soprano (Omar Khayyam), was born in Ichocan, Peru.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1929        Sep 10, Arnold Palmer, golfer who won four Masters, two British Opens and one U.S. Open, was born.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1932        Sep 10, The Independent City Owned Rapid Transit Railroad (IND) opened in NYC.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1934        Sep 10, Charles Kuralt (d.Jul 4, 1997), TV journalist, was born in Wilmington, NC. He was known for his popular “On the Road" television program.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A5)(HN, 9/10/00)
1934        Sep 10, John Fery (b.1859), Austrian-born American wildlife artist, died in Washington state. His works were large format, often over 100 sq. ft. and his largest customer was the Great Northern Railway. Fery's paintings were hung in train stations and other places, promoting travel, particularly to Glacier National Park, Montana.
    (www.wildlifeart.org/collection/artists/artist-john-fery-318/)

1935        Sep 10, Mary Oliver, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born in maple Heights, Ohio.
    (HN, 9/10/00)
1935        Sep 10, Sen. Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, died from a gunshot wound inflicted Sep 8 by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss Jr. In 2006 Richard D. White authored “Kingfish: The Reign of Huey P. Long."
    (AP, 9/8/97)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.80)

1938        Sep 10, Charles Cruft, (.b1852), English founder of the Crufts dog show (1886), died. He was the general manager of James Spratt dog biscuits and founded the show as a vehicle to market.
    (AP, 9/29/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crufts)

1939        Sep 10, Canada declared war on Nazi Germany.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1941        Sep 10, Stephen Jay Gould (d.2002), biologist, paleontologist and writer, was born in NYC. His books included “Time’s Cycle" and “The Panda’s Thumb."
    (HN, 9/10/00)(SFC, 5/21/02, p.A6)

1942        Sep 10, RAF dropped 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1942        Sep 10, British troops landed on Madagascar.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1943        Sep 10, German troops occupied Rome and took over the protection of Vatican City.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1944        Sep 10, Thomas Allen, British opera singer, was born.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1944        Sep 10, Lt. Gen. Frederick Browning spoke against Montgomery: "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far."
    (MC, 9/10/01)
 
1945        Sep 10, Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis. He was executed by firing squad in October 1945.
    (AP, 9/10/07)

1948        Sep 10, Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio broadcaster "Axis Sally," was indicted in Washington, D.C., on treason charges. She was later convicted, and served 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 9/10/04)

1950        Sep 10, In South Korea 43 American war planes dropped 93 napalm canisters over Wolmi to clear out its eastern slope for UN troops. Village residents later said dozens of people were killed.
    (SSFC, 8/3/08, p.A16)

1952        Sep 10, Germany and Israel signed the Luxembourg Agreement, an accord about recovery payments. West Germany agreed to pay Israel a sum of 3 billion marks over the next fourteen years. It was signed by West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett and World Jewish Congress President Nahum Goldmann.
    (http://tinyurl.com/etznn)(http://tinyurl.com/h6n7m)

1954        Sep 10, A 12 second earthquake killed 1,460 in Orleansville, Algeria.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1954        Sep 10, Peter Anders, German opera singer, died.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1955        Sep 10, The TV show "Gunsmoke," starring James Arness as Marshal Matt Dillon, premiered on CBS and lasted to 1975.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

1956        Sep 10, In Louisville, Ky., the public schools integrated.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1961        Sep 10, Jomo Kenyatta returned to Kenya from exile, during which he had been elected president of the Kenya National African Union.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1963        Sep 10, 20 black students entered public schools in Birmingham, Tuskegee and Mobile, Ala., following a standoff between federal authorities and Gov. George C. Wallace. President John F. Kennedy federalized Alabama's National Guard to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsmen to stop public-school desegregation.
    (AP, 9/10/97)(HN, 9/10/98)

1964        Sep 10, Palestinian Liberation Army (PLA) formed.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1966        Sep 10, The Beatles' "Revolver," album went #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1967        Sep 10, Gibraltar voted 12,138 to 44 to remain British and not Spanish.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1972        Sep 10, At the Munich Summer Olympics, the US Olympic basketball team lost to the Soviets, 51-50, in a gold-medal match marked by controversy because officials ordered the final three seconds of the game replayed, enabling the Soviets to win. The US protested, to no avail. Frank Shorter of the United States won the men's marathon at the Munich Olympics.
    (AP, 9/10/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Summer_Olympics)

1973        Sep 10, A second version of the TV game show “Concentration" was syndicated, with Jack Narz as host. It ran through September 8, 1978.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concentration_(game_show))
1973        Sep 10, Muhammad Ali defeated Ken Norton in a heavyweight boxing match and avenged a loss to Norton the previous March.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ali)

1976        Sep 10, 5 Croatian terrorists captured a TWA-plane at La Guardia Airport, NY.
    (http://nycslav.blogspot.com/2005/11/croatian-terroristsin-new-york.html)
1976        Sep 10, Dalton Trumbo (b.1905), US novelist and screenwriter, died at age 70. His books included “Johnny Got His Gun" (1939). He used pseudonyms for a number of Hollywood screenplays after he was blacklisted as one of the “Hollywood Ten" by the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAtrumbo.htm)

1977        Sep 10, Convicted murderer Hamida Djandoubi, a Tunisian immigrant, became the last person to date to be executed by the guillotine in France.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, Z1 p.6)(AP, 9/10/97)

1979        Sep 10, Pres. Agostinho Neto (b.1922), Angola’s 1st president, died and Jose Eduardo dos Santos was elected president. Neto was originally embalmed but later cremated.
    (SFC, 8/24/01, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agostinho_Neto)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A5)
1979        Sep 10, Four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter.
    (AP, 9/10/99)

1981        Sep 10, Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica was returned to Spain and installed in Madrid’s Prado Museum. Picasso had stated in his will that the painting was not to return to Spain until the Fascists lost power and democracy was restored.
    (HN, 9/10/00)

1983        Sep 10, John Vorster, prime minister of white-ruled South Africa from 1966 to 1978, died in Cape Town at age 67.
    (AP, 9/10/99)

1984        Sep 10, British scientist Alec Jeffreys and colleagues discovered that x-ray images of bits of DNA showed patterns unique to individuals. Jeffries, a geneticist at Leicester Univ., and his research team found that DNA sequences, specific to individuals, could be identified as visible bands. He dubbed his findings DNA fingerprinting. This led to the use of DNA to solve thousands of crimes.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, TQ p.34)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.A17,20)

1987        Sep 10, Pope John Paul II arrived in Miami, where he was welcomed by President and Mrs. Reagan, to begin a 10-day tour of the United States.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1988        Sep 10, Gretchen Elizabeth Carlson of Minnesota was crowned Miss America.
    (AP, 9/10/98)
1988        Sep 10, Steffi Graf of West Germany achieved tennis' first Grand Slam since Margaret Court in 1970 by winning the U.S. Open women's final.
    (AP, 9/10/98)
1988        Sep 10, In Texas Forrest Henderson and Richard Wrotenbery of the Houston Grand Opera chorus were beaten and killed. In 2010 Derrick Jackson (42) was executed for the killings. Jackson claimed that he was unfairly convicted.
    (SFC, 7/21/10, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/2el6c2p)

1989        Sep 10, Hungary gave permission for thousands of East German refugees and visitors to emigrate to West Germany.
    (AP, 9/10/99)

1990        Sep 10, The Ellis Island Immigration Museum opened following a 6-year, $170 million restoration.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T11)
1990        Sept 10, In Catamarca, Argentina, the body of 17-year-old Maria Soledad Morales was found. She had been tortured, mutilated and killed. Her murder was covered up by local authorities and as of 1996 no one had yet been charged.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1990        Sep 10, Iran agreed to resume full diplomatic ties with onetime enemy Iraq.
    (AP, 9/10/00)
1990        Sep 10, In Ivory Coast Pope Paul II consecrated the Basilique Notre Dame de la Paix on the condition that a hospital for the poor be built next door. It was constructed between 1985 and 1989 at a cost of $300 million. Work on the hospital began in 2012.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.60)(http://tinyurl.com/ne47e)

1991        Sep 10, The Senate Judiciary Committee opened hearings on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 9/10/01)

1992        Sep 10, Less than two months before Election Day, President Bush unveiled a repackaged economic manifesto which included a possible 1 percentage-point across-the-board tax-rate cut.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1993        Sep 10, The cult series "The X-Files" premiered on Fox Television.
    (AP, 9/10/98)
1993        Sep 10, First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton lashed out at what she called "standpat, negative, nay-saying" opponents of health reform in an address to state legislators at George Washington University.
    (AP, 9/10/98)

1994        Sep 10, President Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and top national security advisers met to discuss intervention in Haiti, but made no final decisions.
    (AP, 9/10/99)
1994        Sep 10, Amy Clampitt (b.1920), American poet, died. Her books included “Kingfisher" (1983). In 2005 Willard Spiegelman edited her selected letters: “Love, Amy: The Selected Letters of Amy Clampitt."
    (WSJ, 7/22/05, p.W7)(www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=890)

1995        Sep 10, NBC’s “ER" won eight Emmy Awards, but lost best dramatic series to ABC’s “NYPD Blue;" NBC’s “Frasier" won five awards, including best comedy series.
    (AP, 9/10/00)
1995        Sep 10, A plane carrying members of a skydivers club crashed in Shacklefords, Virginia, killing ten parachutists, the plane’s pilot and a man on the ground.
    (AP, 9/10/00)

1996        Sep 10, Ross Perot picked economist Pat Choate, a Washington economist and author, to share the Reform Party presidential ticket.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/97)
1996        Sep 10, The US Senate dealt a double defeat to gay-rights activists, voting to reject same-sex marriage in federal law (Defense of Marriage Act - DOMA) by a vote of 85-14. It also rejected (50-49) a separate bill that would have barred job discrimination against gays.
    (WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/97)
1996        Sep 10, The US 1997 defense bill was passed and allotted the 1.5 million members of the military a 3% pay raise to begin Jan 1.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A9)
1996        Sep 10, The UN General Assembly voted to endorse a nuclear test ban treaty. India refused to sign and prevented the treaty from taking effect. India, Bhutan and Libya voted against the treaty. Cuba, Lebanon, Syria, Tanzania and Mauritius abstained.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A8)
1996        Sep 10, Humberto de la Calle, vice-president of Columbia, resigned as a protest to the presidency of Ernesto Samper.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A8)
1996        Sep 10, Typhoon Sally hit Guangdong province in southern China and killed more than 130 people.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A9) (SFC, 9/14/96, p.A10)
1996        Sep 10, Saddam Hussein announced the lifting of all travel restrictions to or within the Kurdish zone.
    (SFC, 9/13/96, p.A13)
1996        Sep 10, Hurricane Hortense pounded Puerto Rico, causing at least 21 deaths and destroying thousands of homes.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1997        Sep 10, Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy pleaded innocent to charges of accepting $35,000 in sports tickets, travel and lodging from companies regulated by the Agriculture Department. He was later acquitted.
    (AP, 9/10/98)
1997        Sep 10, Discovery Comm. Bought a 70% stake in the Travel Channel from Paxson Comm. for $20 million. Paxson had acquired the Travel Channel in June from Clear Channel Comm.
    (www.backchannelmedia.com/articles/41-42-new-era-demands-new.html)
1997        Sep 10, The $250 million Mars Global Surveyor successfully went into orbit around Mars for its 2 year mapping mission.
    (USAT, 8/29/97, p.12A)(SFC, 9/10/97, p.A4)
1997        Sep 10, The ashes of Eliot Ness, FBI agent, were laid to rest in Cleveland.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.11B)
1997        Sep 10, In LA 11 people were killed in a fiery car crash after a day of selling corn.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.11B)
1997        Sep 10, In Cuba a former Salvadoran soldier was arrested and confessed to carrying out a series of bomb attacks. A statement said that Raul Ernesto Cruz was paid $4,500 for each bomb he planted and that he had been trained in El Salvador.
    (SFC, 9/11/97, p.A12)

1998        Sep 10, Keiko the killer whale, star of the 1993 "Free Willy" movie, was returned to Iceland, where he was captured in 1979 at age 2. Much of his early life was spent at a Mexico City amusement park.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A10)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.D1)
1998        Sep 10, US wrestler Sam Henson took first place in the World Wrestling Championships in Iran. He defeated Namik Abdullavev of Azerbaijan. Iranians stood for the US anthem for the first time in 19 years.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.D4)
1998        Sep 10, President Clinton met with members of his Cabinet to apologize, ask forgiveness and promise to improve as a person in the wake of the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
    (AP, 9/10/99)
1998        Sep 10, The 445-page Starr report on Pres. Clinton was to be made partly public in the Internet.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 10, In Monterey County, Ca., narcotics investigators busted a khat plantation. The plant leaves contain cathinone, a natural amphetamine.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A19)
1998        Sep 10, The Northwest Airlines and its pilots reached an agreement to end their 13-day strike.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)(AP, 9/10/99)
1998        Sep 10, In Aurora, Colorado, 2 men and one woman were found killed just 2 miles from a shooting spree that killed 6 on Labor Day.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 10, In Utah Anna Palmer (10) was stabbed to death in Salt Lake City. In 2010 DNA evidence linked Matthew John Breck to her murder. Breck, serving time in Idaho for a 2001 conviction of sodomy with a minor, was extradited to Utah.
    (SSFC, 7/11/10, p.A6)(http://missing87975.yuku.com/sreply/11770)
1998        Sep 10, In Brazil the Sao Paulo stock exchange fell 15.8% in the afternoon. Earlier in the week the government announced spending cuts and a plan to halve the budget deficit, which stood at 7% of GDP.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.D2)
1998        Sep 10, Air Canada and its pilots reached an agreement to end a 9-day strike. [see Sep 14]
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 10, In Israel troops killed Imad and Adel Awadallah, senior figures in Hamas west of Hebron.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 10, In Kazakhstan a rocket, carrying 12 Globalstar satellites valued at $180 million, crashed shortly after takeoff.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 10, The Rotterdam Convention was adopted at a diplomatic conference in Rotterdam. It is a multilateral agreement to promote shared responsibilities in relation to importation of hazardous chemicals, became legally binding to its parties. It officially entered into force on Feb 24, 2004. As of 2008, 73 countries were signatories and 126 were parties.
    (www.ec.gc.ca/international/multilat/rotterdam_e.htm)
1998        Sep 10, In Pakistan a court sentenced a Muslim to death for blasphemy. Ghulam Akbar Kahn, a Shiite Muslim, took the name of Mohammed in vain during a May 1995 scuffle with a rival Sunni Muslim.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.D4)
1998        Sep 10, In Russia the Duma supported Yeltsin’s nomination of Yevgeny Primakov (68) as prime minister.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A10)

1999        Sep 10, Eleven Puerto Rican nationalists were freed under the clemency deal offered by Pres. Clinton. The US government began freeing 14 Puerto Rican nationalists granted clemency by President Clinton.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/00)
1999        Sep 10, A federal judge ordered an end to busing and other means of achieving racial balance in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, the North Carolina school system that pioneered urban busing in the United States after a landmark Supreme Court ruling three decades earlier.
    (AP, 9/10/00)
1999        Sep 10, Asian-Pacific leaders met for a summit in Auckland (City of Sails), New Zealand.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 10, In Afghanistan the UN reported that the production of opium doubled to 5,060 tons from 2,310 last year.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A9)
1999        Sep 10, It was reported that Canada has 339 species in serious danger of disappearing and no federal legislation for protection of endangered animals.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)
1999        Sep 10, Israel transferred 7% of the West Bank to Palestinian control.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A8)
1999        Sep 10, In Italy a 15-ton bronze horse, designed after an idea by Leonardo da Vinci, was scheduled to be unveiled at the 500th anniversary of the French occupation of the Ducal palace in Milan, when da Vinci's prototype was disfigured. It was begun by Charles Dent (d.1994), a United Airlines pilot, and finished by a foundation that he endowed. It was cast in Beacon, N.Y.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.A1)

2000        Sep 10, The Broadway show “Cats" closed after nearly 18 years and 7,485 performances at the NYC Winter Garden.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.F4)
2000        Sep 10, The TV series “West Wing" won a record 9 Emmys at the 52nd Annual Prime Time Emmy Awards, including best drama series; NBC's “Will & Grace (news - Y! TV)" won best comedy.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/01)
2000        Sep 10, Controversial basketball coach Bob Knight was fired by Indiana University for what was called a pattern of unacceptable behavior.
    (AP, 9/10/01)
2000        Sep 10, Marat Safin beat Pete Sampras 6-4, 6-3, 6-3 to become the first Russian to win the U.S. Open.
    (AP, 9/10/01)
2000        Sep 10, Tiger Woods won the Canadian Open by one stroke over Grant Waite.
    (AP, 9/10/01)
2000        Sep 10, The US federal government agreed to drop its case against Wen Ho Lee, a former Los Alamos scientist, in exchange for a single guilty plea for downloading classified material to an insecure computer. Lee was released 3 days later.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A1)(SFC, 9/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 10, The space shuttle Atlantis docked with the international space station.
    (AP, 9/10/01)
2000        Sep 10, In Austria OPEC ministers planned to call for a 2% raise in oil output. Ministers approved a 3% hike of 800,000 barrels of oil.
    (SFEC, 9/10/00, p.A1)(SFC, 9/11/00, p.B8)
2000        Sep 10, In Hong Kong elections were held. Democrats gained seats in the legislative council but most seats were filled with pro-Beijing and big-business candidates.
    (WSJ, 9/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 10, In Italy a flood in Calabria killed at least 10 people at the Le Giare campground near Soverato.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.B8)
2000        Sep 10, In Malaysia Abu Sayyaf rebels kidnapped 3 men from Pandanan Island off Borneo and took them to Jolo island in the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 9/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 10, The Palestine Central Council in Gaza postponed the Sep 13 deadline for statehood and planned to pursue another round of peace talks.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 10, In Sierra Leone British troops stormed the jungle base of the West Side Boys and freed 7 hostages. 25 rebels were killed along with 1 British soldier. 18 rebels were taken prisoner including leader Foday Kallay. SAS troopers eradicated the West Side Boys led by Commanders Mega-Rapist, Slaughter and others.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A8)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.61)
2000        Sep 10, In Sri Lanka government forces destroyed 14 Tamil Tiger bunkers in Jaffna. 12 soldiers and 70 guerrillas were killed.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.B8)

2001        Sep 10, The Bush administration designated the Colombian paramilitary group, the United Self-Defense Forces (AUC), as a terrorist group.
    (SFC, 9/11/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 10, Attorney General John Ashcroft rejected a proposed $58 million increase in FBI financing for counter-terrorism programs.
    (SFC, 6/1/02, p.A1)
2001        Sep 10, The UN Security Council ended an arms embargo against Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 9/11/01, p.B3)
2001        Sep 10, Secretary of State Colin Powell arrived in Lima, Peru, to attend an Organization of American States foreign ministers meeting.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2001        Sep 10, In Fiji Pres. Iloilo swore in banker Laisenia Qarase as prime minister.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 10, Iraq said it shot down a 2nd US spy plane. The US reported an unmanned plane missing.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C3)
2001        Sep 10, Israeli forces and Palestinians exchanged gunfire in Jenin and Gaza and 3 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C3)
2001        Sep 10, In Japan the government reported that a dairy cow had tested positive for mad-cow disease. It was the 1st instance of the disease in Asian animals.
    (WSJ, 9/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 10, The Nikkei closed at 10195, the lowest point since Aug 1984.
    (WSJ, 9/11/01, p.A19)
2001        Sep 10, In Norway parliamentary elections no party received a majority. The ruling Labor Party had its worst showing in decades. Labor won 24% of the vote, its worst showing since 1924 as voters rejected the high-tax funded social welfare system.
    (WSJ, 9/11/01, p.A1)(SFC, 9/11/01, p.B2)
2001        Sep 10, In Switzerland nurse Roger Andermatt (32) was reported to have confessed to killing of 27 elderly and ailing patients over a 6-year period (1995-2001). In 2005 he was sentenced to life in prison for killing 22 elderly nursing home residents.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C4)(AP, 1/28/05)
2001        Sep 10, In Turkey a Marxist militant suicide bomber, Ugur Bulbul, killed killing himself and three others, including an Australian woman and 2 policemen near Istanbul’s historic Taksim Square. 21 were injured. Bulbul was released from prison 6 months earlier for membership in the banned Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front, a Marxist group, that later claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 9/11/01, p.A1)(SFC, 9/11/01, p.B3)(SFC, 9/12/01, p.C4)(AP, 9/10/02)

2002        Sep 10, The Bush administration raised the nationwide terror alert to yellow, its second-highest level, closed nine U.S. embassies overseas and heightened security at federal buildings and landmarks in America on the eve of the Sept. 11 anniversary.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2002        Sep 10, Martin Strel of Slovenia finished swimming the 2,360-mile length of the Mississippi. He began July 4 and covered 11-12 miles per day.
    (WSJ, 9/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 10, In the Florida Democratic primary Bill McBride won over former Attorney General Janet Reno by some 8,196 votes for a chance to unseat Gov. Jebb Bush. McBride was certified as winner on Sep 17. Polling stations opened late and problems cropped up with new touchscreen voting machines.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/13/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/03)
2002        Sep 10, It was reported that US forces in Afghanistan had launched Operation Champion Strike in the Bermel Valley aimed at re-entering al Qaeda.
    (SFC, 9/10/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 10, In Argentina thousands of people staged a 10-minute demonstration in Buenos Aires to protest a crime wave that has engulfed this country as it falls deeper into economic crisis.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, Colombia stepped up its emergency powers to battle growing insurgency violence, announcing it can detain people without warrants, restrict travel and impose curfews.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, In southeastern France authorities said flooding and heavy rain had claimed the lives of 26 people. Rescuers were searching for dozens of others reported missing.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, In Indonesia soldiers arrested nurse Joy Lee Sadler (57) and academic Lesley McCullough (40) in Aceh province on charges of violating tourist visas by meeting with Aceh rebels. Sadler struck a commander who tried to take her friend's computer. Sadler was released Jan 10, 2003.
    (SFC, 12/18/02, p.A21)(SFC, 1/10/03, p.A17)
2002        Sep 10, Radical farmers in San Salvador, Mexico, have declared this town outside Mexico City to be autonomous, two months after they forced the government to abandon plans for a new airport.
    (AP, 9/11/02)
2002        Sep 10, In South Africa the highest court ruled that gay couples have the right to adopt children and laws that prevent them from doing so violate their constitutional rights.
    (AP, 9/10/02)
2002        Sep 10, Switzerland became the 190th member of the UN, preserving its historic neutrality but stepping more actively onto the world stage.
    (AP, 9/10/02)

2003        Sep 10, Ben Glisan, former Enron treasurer, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring to commit fraud and was sentenced to 5 years in federal prison.
    (WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 10, The first video image of Osama bin Laden in nearly two years was broadcast on Al-Jazeera TV.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2003        Sep 10, Argentina refinanced $21 billion in debt including $12.3 billion with the IMF.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.32)
2003        Sep 10, A Bangladesh court convicted and sentenced five zookeepers to 14 years in prison for killing three tigers in 1996 and planning to sell their skins.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In northeast Colombia a bomb strapped to a horse exploded in a plaza in a small town, killing at least eight people, including a toddler, and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, Imam Samudra (33), the man accused of being the "intellectual mastermind" of last year's Oct 12 Bali nightclub bombings was sentenced to face a firing squad after being found guilty of the attack that killed 202 people.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Irbil, Iraq, a suicide car bomber struck the US intelligence headquarters, killing three Iraqis, including a 12-year-old boy.
    (AP, 9/10/03)(WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 10, Israeli warplanes flattened the home of senior Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahar with a half-ton bomb, wounding him and killing his eldest son and a bodyguard, in retaliation for twin suicide bombings that killed 15 Israelis a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, Ivory Coast created a commission made up of members of the army and rebel movements to chart the course of disarmament and reunification after a 9-month civil war.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO began its fifth ministerial meeting, with trade ministers from every country expected to attend a five-day gathering to thrash out many problems surrounding the latest "round" of trade liberalization talks.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Puebla, Mexico, a clandestine fireworks factory exploded, killing at least six people and injuring 12 others.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh was stabbed in the stomach and wrist at an exclusive department store in downtown Stockholm. She died the next day. In 2003 Mijailo Mijailovic, a 25-year-old Swede of Yugoslav origin, confessed to the murder. In 2004 Mijailovic was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 9/10/03)(AP, 9/11/03)(AP, 1/7/04)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A8)

2004        Sep 10, President Bush ordered a partial cut in U.S. assistance to Venezuela because of its alleged role in the international trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation.
    (AP, 9/10/04)
2004        Sep 10, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed a bill barring necrophilia.
    (Reuters, 9/10/04)
2004        Sep 10, CBS News vigorously defended its report about President Bush's Air National Guard service, with anchor Dan Rather saying broadcast memos questioned by forensic experts came from "what we consider to be solid sources." An independent panel later concluded that documents used in the story could not be verified.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2004        Sep 10, Scientists reported evidence for a planet near a dwarf star some 230 light years from Earth in the constellation Hydra.
    (SFC, 9/11/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 10, Brock Adams (77), former transportation secretary died in Stevensville, Md.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2004        Sep 10, Canada said it was donating one million dollars (770,000 US) to United Nations efforts to pacify strife-torn Darfur in western Sudan.
    (AFP, 9/11/04)
2004        Sep 10, Li Yuanjiang, the former editor-in-chief of one of China's biggest newspapers, the Guangzhou Daily, was sentenced to 12 years in prison for taking bribes. Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in southern mainland China. The city was formerly known internationally as Canton, after a French language transliteration of the name of the province in Cantonese.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhou)
2004        Sep 10, European finance ministers chose Luxembourg PM Jean-Claude Juncker to represent the group of 12 European Union countries that share the euro currency.
    (AP, 9/10/04)
2004        Sep 10, Japan confirmed a 12th case of mad cow disease.
    (AP, 9/13/04)
2004        Sep 10, Two Lebanese men were shot dead in Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/10/04)
2004        Sep 10, Nepali PM Sher Bahadur Deuba vowed to crush a deadly Maoist revolt as giant neighbor India promised more military help to fight the leftist guerrillas.
    (AP, 9/10/04)
2004        Sep 10, Yemen reported that its troops had killed Hussein Badr Eddin al-Hawthi (al-Houthi), a rebel cleric whose “Believing Youth" forces have battled the government in a remote northern region for months.
    (AP, 9/10/04)(SFC, 9/11/04, p.A10)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.51)
2004        Sep 10, Simon Mann, a former British special forces soldier and the alleged leader of a foiled coup plot in oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, was sentenced to seven years in prison for trying to buy weapons from Zimbabwe's state arms manufacturer.
    (AP, 9/10/04)

2005        Sep 10, Cadaver dogs and boatloads of forensic workers fanned out across New Orleans to collect the corpses left behind by Hurricane Katrina; cleanup crews towed away abandoned cars and even began readying a hotel for reopening.
    (AP, 9/10/06)
2005        Sep 10, Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (81), the singer and guitarist who built a 50-year career playing blues, country, jazz and Cajun music, died in his hometown of Orange, Texas, where he had gone to escape Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 10, E. Stewart Williams, Palm Springs architect, died in Palm Springs. He designed Frank Sinatra’s 1st Palm Springs home in 1947.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B11)
2005        Sep 10, Afghan soldiers reportedly tried to assassinate Rahim Wardak, the country's defense minister, by shooting at his convoy at Kabul's main airport. Wardak had already left his vehicle and was unhurt. Nine suspects, all soldiers, were arrested in the attack. The next day Afghanistan said the shootout was not an assassination attempt, but an internecine battle between groups of soldiers.
    (AP, 9/10/05)(WSJ, 9/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 10, In Azerbaijan more than 2,000 orange-clad opposition members rallied in Baku, demanding that President Ilhan Aliev resign and that authorities ensure that parliamentary elections in November are free and fair.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 10, Chinese President Hu Jintao urged Canada to expand its investment in the Asian giant and pledged to improve living standards in the world's most populous country.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 10, In the Republic of Congo a plane crashed north of Brazzaville, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, A defiant Egyptian opposition ratcheted up the pressure on President Hosni Mubarak, after he was reelected with the votes of only one-fifth of the electorate.
    (AFP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, More than 500 U.S.-trained Georgian soldiers left for Iraq as part of a regular rotation of troops by the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, Baghdad International Airport, Iraq's only reliable and relatively safe link to the outside world, reopened after being closed for a day in a payments dispute between the government and a British security firm.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, It was reported that the student populations at the Univ. of Rome numbered 180,000; at the National Univ. of Mexico it was over 200,000; and at Turkey’s Anadolu Univ. it numbered some 530,000.
    (Econ, 9/10/05, Survey p.4)
2005        Sep 10, In Ivory Coast Guillaume Soro, head of the former rebel New Forces (FN), insisted that his side no longer recognized South Africa's President Thabo Mbeki as a mediator. UN Secretary General Kofi Annan admitted that next month's planned presidential election would have to be abandoned.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, In Northern Ireland Protestant extremists threw homemade grenades, gasoline bombs and other makeshift weapons and at least a dozen police and two civilians were wounded in the latest fury over a restricted Belfast parade. Most of the rioting took place in Belfast’s ten most disadvantaged wards.
    (AP, 9/11/05)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.57)
2005        Sep 10, Masked gunmen abducted Lorenzo Cremonesi of the Corriere della Serra daily, an Italian journalist in the Gaza Strip town of Deir El-Balah. He was released after a few hours.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, In Mexico 7 Guatemala men were caught near the Guatemalan border with six large-caliber rifles and 1,600 rounds of ammunition. They faced charges of weapons trafficking.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 10-2005 Sep 13, A Pakistani army operation in North Waziristan destroyed a major al-Qaida hide-out. The army arrested 21 suspected militants, including foreigners, and a government official accused of helping them in a remote northwestern tribal region near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/13/05)
2005        Sep 10, Syrian President Bashar Assad met with leaders of 10 militant Palestinian groups based in Syria, defying U.S. pressure to crack down on these groups. Syria's official news agency SANA reported Assad urged the radical Palestinian leaders, including Khaled Mashaal, the political leader of the militant Hamas group, to close ranks and continue the struggle in order to achieve their goal of an independent Palestinian state.
    (AP, 9/10/05)
2005        Sep 10, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe arrived in Cuba, criticizing the International Monetary Fund, even though the organization a day earlier deferred a decision for six months on whether to expel the African nation.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

2006        Sep 10, Peyton Manning and the Indianapolis Colts defeated Eli Manning and the New York Giants 26-21 in the first NFL game to feature two brothers starting at quarterback.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2006        Sep 10, Golf pioneer Patty Berg (88) died in Fort Myers, Fla.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2006        Sep 10, Bennie Smith (72), St. Louis blues guitarist, died.
    (SFC, 9/15/06, p.B8)
2006        Sep 10, Florence intensified into the second hurricane of the Atlantic season as it headed for Bermuda, where residents installed storm shutters and hauled their yachts onto beaches.
    (AP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai formally opened a 25-million-dollar Coca-Cola bottling plant, one of the most significant investments in Afghanistan since the ousting of the Taliban five years ago. In eastern Afghanistan Gov. Abdul Hakim Taniwal (63) was killed with his nephew and bodyguard in a suicide attack outside his office in the Paktia capital of Gardez. The US military warned that a suicide bombing cell is targeting foreign troops in Kabul. In the Panjwayi district of Kandahar 94 Taliban were killed and one was wounded in four different engagements overnight. The alliance offensive near the main southern city of Kandahar killed another 92 suspected Taliban fighters, pushing its 10-day toll of militant dead past 510. Gunmen kidnapped a Colombian aid worker and two Afghan employees of a French-funded nongovernment organization west of Kabul.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(AFP, 9/10/06)(AP, 9/11/06)(SFC, 9/11/06, p.A3)(AP, 9/12/06)
2006        Sep 10, Daniel Smith (20), the son of Anna Nicole Smith (38) died suddenly in the Bahamas, three days after the former Playboy Playmate gave birth to a girl. A second round of toxicology tests revealed that he died of a toxic combo of methadone and the antidepressants Zoloft and Lexapro.
    (Reuters, 9/11/06)(AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 10, in Bangladesh police used batons to break up a protest, where demonstrators took to the streets across the country in another general strike ahead of elections in January.
    (AFP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 10, In Brazil international trade officials sought to strike a positive tone at the end of a two-day meeting aimed at restarting negotiations for the stalled World Trade Organization's Doha Round. The talks were billed as a High Level Meeting of the Group of 20 (G20) developing nations, but they represented the first time nearly all the parties involved have come together since the Doha talks were suspended.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 10, China announced detailed controls on the distribution of news by foreign news agencies, banning all content that violates its own tight media restrictions.
    (AP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 10, In Cuba leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) of 116 developing nations began gathering for a 6-day summit (Sep 11-16). NAM was founded in 1961.
    (Reuters, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 10, Wrangling forced Iraq's parliament to suspend debate on a bill that Sunni Arab groups fear would break up the country. At least 27 people were killed across Iraq. In Kut 6 bodies bearing signs of torture were found in the Tigris River. 2 bodies were found in Musayyib and 3 more near the Duluiya bridge.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(SFC, 9/11/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 10, The Chinese film “Still Life" won the top award as the 11-day Venice Film Festival came to a close. The Chinese film was about the Three Gorges Dam project.
    (SFC, 9/11/06, p.D5)
2006        Sep 10, Montenegrins voted in the first parliamentary elections since the tiny state split from Serbia. Police announced a crackdown on an alleged ethnic Albanian terrorist group authorities said had threatened the ballot. The coalition of PM Milo Djukanovic headed for an absolute majority with a projected 41 seats in the 81-seat parliament.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(SFC, 9/11/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 10, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb explosion outside a roadside restaurant wounded 14 people in Quetta. In northwestern Pakistan suspected Islamic militants killed a tribal elder.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 10, One ethnic Russian man was killed and three were injured in a brawl with ethnic Armenians at a cafe in the town of Volsk in the Saratov region, fueling fears of a rise of ethnic violence across Russia.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 10, Islamic militants controlling much of southern Somalia shut down a radio station for playing love songs and other music, the latest step to impose strict religious rule which has sparked fears of an emerging, Taliban-style regime. Islamic militants, who closed down a Somali radio station, allowed it back on the air so long as it does not play music or love songs.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 10, Officials said Sri Lanka's military had lost 28 soldiers in 3 days of stiff artillery and mortar attacks as it advanced slowly toward northern Tamil Tiger rebel strongholds. The rebels accused Colombo of ignoring moves by Norway to end the latest bloodshed.
    (AFP, 9/10/06)
2006        Sep 10, Taufa’ahau Tupou IV (b.1918), King of Tonga, died in New Zealand. He was the son of Queen Salote Tupou III and her consort Prince Tungi, and served as the King of Tonga from the death of his mother in 1965.
    (WSJ, 9/11/06, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taufa'ahau_Tupou_IV)
2006        Sep 10, Armed Yemeni tribesmen kidnapped four French tourists in the east of the country to press for their relatives to be released from jail.
    (AP, 9/10/06)

2007        Sep 10, America's top commander in Iraq, Gen. David Petraeus, and Ambassador Ryan Crocker testified before Congress about the unpopular Iraq war. Petraeus said last winter's buildup in US troops had met its military objectives "in large measure" and that he envisions the withdrawal of roughly 30,000 US troops by next summer. MoveOn.org, an online network of Americans opposed to the war, published a full-page ad in the NY Times with a banner headline saying “General Petraeus or General Betray Us."
    (AP, 9/11/07)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.35)
2007        Sep 10, In Chicago mobsters James Marcello (65), Joseph Lombardo (78), Frank Calabrese (70) and Paul Schiro (70) were convicted of all counts including racketeering, conspiracy, bribery, illegal gambling and tax fraud. Anthony Doyle (62), a retired police officer, was also convicted for leaking information to the mob known as The Outfit.
    (SFC, 9/11/07, p.A5)
2007        Sep 10, Kenneth John Freeman (44), an American man accused of raping his daughter and posting the videos on the Internet, agreed to be extradited from Hong Kong to the United States.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, UC Berkeley announced a $113 million gift from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation of Menlo Park, Ca.
    (SFC, 9/11/07, p.D1)
2007        Sep 10, Blackstone Group LP bought a 20% stake in a Chinese chemical company in its first deal in the country since a Chinese government fund bought into the US private equity firm.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, US defense research company QinetiQ announced that an unmanned solar-powered aircraft had soared for 54 hours more than 50,000 feet above New Mexico and may hold the record for unmanned flight.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, It was reported that John Kanzius of Erie, Pa., had accidentally discovered a way to burn salt water when he tried to desalinate seawater with a radio-frequency generator he developed to treat cancer. He discovered that as long as the salt water was exposed to the radio frequencies, it would burn.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, Dame Anita Roddick (64), founder of Body Shop, died after suffering a major brain hemorrhage. She used her international cosmetics chain to promote eco-friendly practices long before they were widely fashionable. She had opened her first shop in Brighton in 1976 and sold the business in 2006 to L’Oreal for $1.1 billion.
    (AP, 9/10/07)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.80)
2007        Sep 10, Jane Wyman (b.1917), filmstar and the 1st wife of Ronald Reagan, died in Rancho Mirage, Ca. her work included roles in 86 films and 350 television shows. She won an Oscar for her role a deaf rape victim in the 1948 film “Johnny Belinda."
    (SFC, 9/11/07, p.A2)
2007        Sep 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorized rickshaw set off his explosives in a crowded area killing 28 people in Gereshk, Helmand province. Children selling chewing gum and cigarettes were among the victims of the blast.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, Bangladesh's military-backed government lifted an eight-month emergency ban on indoor politics as it promised democracy would be restored by the end of 2008. A Dhaka-based human rights group said 126 people had been killed by law enforcement agencies since the emergency rule began with at least 22 tortured to death.
    (AP, 9/10/07)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.43)
2007        Sep 10, Canada's top election official stuck to his controversial ruling allowing Muslim women to stay veiled when voting, despite protests from Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 10, In Colombia soldiers swarmed onto a farm and captured Diego Montoya, one of the world's most wanted drug traffickers hiding in bushes in his underwear. He led the Norte del Valle cartel and was captured along with an uncle and three other cartel members. He was extradited to the US in 2008 and in 2009 was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(Reuters, 10/22/09)
2007        Sep 10, Congolese authorities blocked Frederic Bintsamou, an ex-rebel chief, from entering Brazzaville to take up duties as a deputy minister under a peace deal, but promised they were still adhering to the "principle" of his inclusion in the government.
    (AFP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, Indonesia’s Supreme Court ordered Time magazine to pay $106 million in damages for defaming former Indonesian dictator Suharto by alleging in a May 1999 story that his family amassed billions of dollars during his 32-year rule. Lower courts had earlier ruled in Time’s favor. Time appealed the decision.
    (AP, 9/10/07)(Econ, 5/10/08, p.70)
2007        Sep 10, PM Nouri al-Maliki told lawmakers that Iraqi forces were not ready to take over security from the US military across the country. US and Iraqi troops backed by helicopters killed three civilians in the Shiite slum of Sadr City in a pre-dawn raid on the home of a suspected militia leader. A bomb blew up around noon near the Shiite Buratha mosque in northern Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding six others. An insurgent group in Iraq posted a videotape that showed a German hostage who has been held for more than six months and threatened to kill him unless Germany withdrew its troops from Afghanistan within 10 days. The US command said that a US soldier, whose patrol in the Kirkuk area was hit with rockets a day earlier, had died from injuries sustained in the attack. In the Sunni city of Samarra US and Iraqi troops got into a fierce firefight with suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters in a morning assault. 12 of the insurgents were killed and 3 US soldiers were wounded. In western Baghdad 7 US soldiers were killed in a vehicle accident that also claimed the lives of two detainees. Another US soldier was killed and two were injured when their vehicle overturned east of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, It was reported that the regional government of Kurdistan had signed a deal with Dallas-based Hunt Oil Co. to explore for oil in their region.
    (WSJ, 9/10/07, p.A1)
2007        Sep 10, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas met in Jerusalem to discuss guidelines for resuming peace negotiations.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, Lithuanian PM Gediminas Kirkilas said at a Seimas session that Lithuania will increase its tariffs for transiting natural gas to the Kaliningrad region proportionally to any gas hikes in the price Russia charges its Lithuanian customers.
    (www.interfax.com/3/311558/news.aspx)
2007        Sep 10, Several explosions in Veracruz state, believed to be the work of saboteurs, ripped apart natural gas pipelines for Mexico's state oil monopoly. The explosions forced the evacuation of some 12,000 people. The so-called People's Revolutionary Army (EPR) claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 10, In central Mexico a bus carrying worshippers on a pilgrimage to a famous shrine plunged into a valley, killing nine passengers and leaving 38 injured.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 10, Final election results showed that Morocco's conservative Istiqlal party won the most seats in parliamentary elections, allowing it to form the next government with its current ruling coalition allies.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, Former PM Nawaz Sharif returned to Pakistan from a seven-year exile, hoping to campaign against the country's US-allied military ruler, but was immediately charged with corruption and deported to Saudi Arabia hours later. Pro-Taliban militants freed more than 260 Pakistani troops who were kidnapped nearly two weeks ago in a restive tribal region near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, Sudanese government forces resumed air strikes in Darfur with an attack on a town that killed more than a dozen civilians.
    (AP, 9/10/07)

2008        Sep 10, An internal government report said US Interior Department employees in Denver and Washington, who oversaw oil drilling on federal lands, had sex and used illegal drugs with workers at energy companies where they were conducting official business.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 10, The US Pentagon cancelled the $40 billion competition for new aerial refueling tankers for the Air Force, delaying the competition to a new administration, and giving a reprieve to Boeing.
    (WSJ, 9/11/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 10, The US Treasury Dept. accused Iran’s national maritime carrier, the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines, of helping the country’s nuclear and missile programs. The proliferator designation, designed to stop companies from doing business in the US, further block the carrier’s ability to move money through US banks.
    (WSJ, 9/11/08, p.A3)
2008        Sep 10, A regulatory filing revealed that Carlos Slim, Mexican businessman, and his family had purchased a 6.4% stake in the New York Times.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.78)
2008        Sep 10, Hurricane Ike barreled across the warm, energizing waters of the Gulf of Mexico on its way toward the Texas coast after crashing through Cuba's tobacco country and toppling aging Havana buildings. Ike had already killed at least 80 people in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, Frank Mundus (1925), the legendary shark fisherman said to have inspired the Captain Quint character in the movie "Jaws," died in Honolulu.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.102)
2008        Sep 10, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales said that he is expelling the US ambassador for allegedly inciting violent opposition protests.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, Turkish Cypriot leader Mehmet Ali Talat said he accepts a reduction of Turkey's military contingent but that his side will still need security guarantees from Ankara as part of a deal to unite the divided island.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, A Georgian police officer was killed by gunfire that came from the direction of a Russian checkpoint near separatist South Ossetia.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, A strong earthquake rocked southern Iran sending tremors across the Persian Gulf to the skyscrapers of Dubai. Iranian state television reported that seven people were killed and 40 others were injured.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, Two bombs exploded an hour apart in the Shiite holy city of Karbala, killing at least two people and wounding 15 others, including women and children. Health officials said cholera has killed two people in a province south of Baghdad, indicating that water quality and sanitation remain poor in a country that has endured years of war.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, Israeli defense officials say the government has told all businessmen involved in military sales to Georgia to immediately cease visits to the former Soviet republic. The officials said the directive was decided upon this week because Israel is concerned about damage to its relations with Russia.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, In northern Israel a military helicopter crashed at sundown and burst into flames killing two crew members.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, In Lebanon Druse Sheik Saleh Aridi died in his village of Baissour in the hills east of Beirut, after a bomb planted under his car was detonated by remote control as he drove away from his home. The country's first political assassination in months threatened efforts to reconcile its divided factions.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 10, Ahmad Ismail, a member of Malaysia's ruling party, was suspended for three years for "stoking racial tensions" with incendiary comments about ethnic Chinese that shook the governing coalition.
    (AFP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, A Dutch court dismissed a bid by Bosnian Muslim survivors of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre to hold the Netherlands liable for its troops' failure to protect the so-called safe haven.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, Pirates hijacked a South Korean bulk carrier with 22 crew off Somalia's coast but were thwarted in a separate attempt to seize a Greek ship. The crew and vessel were released on Oct 16 with no comment on ransom.
    (AP, 9/10/08)(AP, 10/16/08)
2008        Sep 10, Officials said at least 89 people have died in wildfires sweeping through Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, An unmanned Russian cargo ship blasted off successfully carrying supplies, equipment and gifts for the international space station.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, In Sri Lanka air force jets attacked a rebel intelligence base in the north, stepping up a punishing wave of airstrikes a day after Tamil Tiger fighters launched a surprise attack on a military base. UN chief Ban Ki-moon expressed international concern for tens of thousands civilians trapped in Sri Lanka's north as government forces prepared for a major showdown with Tamil separatists.
    (AP, 9/10/08)
2008        Sep 10, In Geneva the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest particle collider, passed its first major tests by firing two beams of protons in opposite directions around a 17-mile (27-kilometer) underground ring in what scientists hope is the next great step to understanding the makeup of the universe. On Sep 19 it started leaking helium and had to be turned off. The technical problems delayed for at least two months the quest for scientists to learn more about the nature of the universe and the origins of all matter.
    (AP, 9/10/08)(AP, 9/20/08)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.96)
2008        Sep 10, Ruedi Rymann (75), a farmer and cheesemaker and renowned yodeler, died at his home in Giswil, Switzerland. In 2007 Viewers of a Swiss television series devoted to popular national music voted Rymann’s “Dr Schacher Seppli" as the greatest Swiss hit of all.
    (SFC, 10/9/08, p.B8)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=fmsy6wA-T0o)

2009        Sep 10, NASA made a successful first test of its Ares I rocket at promontory, Utah. It was created as part of a plan to return to the moon, but a recent panel said there isn’t enough money for the moon project.
    (SFC, 9/11/09, p.A13)
2009        Sep 10, GM announced that it agreed to the sale of 55% of Ruesselsheim-based Adam Opel and Vauxhall unit to Canadian auto parts maker Magna International Inc. and Russian lender Sberbank. Detroit-based GM will keep a 35% stake and continue to work with Opel on developing vehicles, sharing technology and engineering resources.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 10, The UN-backed commission investigating fraud in Afghanistan's election issued its first orders to exclude some ballots from the final tally, throwing out votes from 83 polling stations in areas of strong support for President Hamid Karzai. A US service member was killed in an attack on a patrol. Another service member was killed after coming under fire.
    (AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 10, The African Union joined international condemnation of a new "unity" government named by Madagascar leader Andry Rajoelina who overthrew the recognized president this year.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 10, Australia announced liquefied natural gas (LNG) deals worth up to 60 billion US dollars with Japan and South Korea, raising its status as a major energy supplier.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, Guy Laliberte, the Canadian billionaire founder of the Cirque du Soleil, said that he aims to read a statement to the world about the planet's water problems after taking a Russian rocket to the space station. Laliberte and two others will blast off Sep 30 from the Russian space program's Baikonur launch facility in Kazakhstan. He said his reading from space will be part of several shows in 14 cities around the world beginning Oct 9.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, Colombia’s police said they have seized $55 million in properties and assets from drug traffickers in a 2 day operation in five cities in Antioquia state and six cities in Cundinamarca state. The assets included shares in a popular soccer team.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, A new book, whose title translates as "Hold-Ups, Swindles and Treasons," by French journalists Antonin Andre and Karim Rissouli, hit French stores alleging that a vote last year to elect the leader of France's Socialist Party was rigged, sparking further disarray among the once-mighty champions of the left.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, Berlin won Spain's prestigious Prince of Asturias prize for its contribution to promoting peace and harmony.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, In India hundreds of students, who were jammed into a narrow New Delhi school staircase, panicked and set off a stampede that left five girls dead and 31 other students injured. Mohammed Shahabuddin, a 12-year old snack vendor, had to have his left leg amputated after Bihar state railway police threw him out of a moving train when he failed to pay them 10 rupees (20 cents) as a bribe. The boy had offered the policemen five rupees, which was all the money he had.
    (AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 10, In northern Iraq a suicide truck bomber hit the Kurdish village of Wardek before dawn, killing at least 25 people and injuring 50 others, in what appeared to be the latest in a string of attacks targeting Kurds and other ethnic and religious groups in the region. The government of the semiautonomous Kurdish region arrested the head of the provincial intelligence service, Brig. Abdul-Rahman Ali, on accusations he was directly involved in the planning of an Aug. 13 bombing near Mosul. 3 successive bombs exploded at a popular market in the city of Mahmoudiya, killing 4 people and wounding 30. Violence broke out at Abu Ghraib prison and two prisoners were killed.
    (AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 10, The Japanese space agency successfully launched a new rocket carrying an unmanned cargo ship on a $680 million maiden voyage to the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 9/11/09, p.A9)
2009        Sep 10, Amnesty International issued a new report saying Japan executes mentally ill prisoners, some of whom are driven insane by harsh treatment while on death row.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, Lebanese Prime Minister-designate Saad Hariri said he is abandoning efforts to form a new government after the Hezbollah-led parliament minority rejected his list for a national unity Cabinet. This forced President Michel Suleiman to start consultations with lawmakers from scratch over naming a new premier.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, Mexican defense dept. said soldiers have arrested Michael Escalante (29) of El Paso, suspected of killing 18 people in a series of attacks this year in violence-plagued Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, In northeast Nepal a bus veered off a highway and plunged into a river, killing at least 11 people and leaving about 20 missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, In Russia Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez recognized the pro-Russian rebel regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states, a rare boost to the Kremlin's campaign for their international acceptance.
    (Reuters 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, In Uganda at least 7 people were killed in clashes after the government prevented a representative of the traditional ruler of the Buganda kingdom from traveling to a region northeast of the capital for a political rally.
    (SFC, 9/11/09, p.A2)
2009        Sep 10, Vietnamese and US scientists wrapped up their annual meetings on Agent Orange, launching a task force to examine health issues in areas where the defoliant was used during the Vietnam War. Vietnam has said 1 million to 4 million of its citizens may have suffered serious health consequences after being exposed to dioxin, a highly toxic element in Agent Orange.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, A Yemeni army statement said the government launched a new offensive against Shiite rebels in the north, destroying many of their vehicles and hideouts. The rebels said they have been able to keep the government from entering the northern town of Saada, which has been at the center of the rebellion.
    (AP, 9/10/09)

2010        Sep 10, A US federal appeals court in San Francisco upheld a jury verdict clearing the Chevron Corp. of alleged human rights abuses during a violent 1998 protest on a company oil platform in Nigeria.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 10, In Washington state convicted killer Cal Coburn Brown (52) was executed for the 1991 rape, torture and murder of Holly Washa (21) of Seattle. This was the state’s first execution since 2001 and the 78th in the state’s history.
    (SFC, 9/11/10, p.A4)(www.fejoe.com/cal-coburn-brown/)
2010        Sep 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai used his traditional message marking the Eid Muslim holiday to call on the leader of the Taliban to stop fighting and join peace talks to end Afghanistan's long war. Meanwhile thousands of Afghans protested across the country after an evangelical pastor in the United States said he planned to burn copies of the Koran to mark the anniversary of the September 9, 2001 attacks on the New York and Washington. An Afghan was shot dead when an angry crowd attacked a German-run base in the northeast.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)(Reuters, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 10, In Colombia leftist rebels firing homemade mortars killed at least eight police officers and wounded four in a pre-dawn attack on a police barracks near the country's border with Ecuador.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, In Dagestan, Russia, clashes between police and alleged militants left six more people dead in the volatile North Caucasus. A police officer was gunned down on the outskirts of the regional capital, Makhachkala.
    (AP, 9/10/10)(AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 10, Danish police surrounded a suspect in Orsted Park near the Hotel Jorgensen following a small explosion in a bathroom at the hotel. A bomb squad removed a bag wrapped around his waist with remote controlled cutting pliers. The man was later identified as Lors Doukayev, a one-legged Chechen-born boxer living in Belgium. On May 3, 2011, Doukayev was charged with terrorism for allegedly preparing a letter bomb that had likely been intended for a newspaper known for publishing cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. On May 30, 2011, Doukayev was convicted of attempted terrorism. The next day he was sentenced to 12 years.  
    (Reuters, 9/12/10)(AP, 9/15/10)(AP, 5/3/11)(AP, 5/30/11)(Reuters, 5/31/11)
2010        Sep 10, Finland’s Nokia Corp. said it is replacing CEO Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo with top Microsoft executive Stephen Elop as the world's top handset maker aims to regain lost ground in the fiercely competitive smartphone market.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, Ghana officials said 17 people have died after neighboring Burkina Faso opened the Bagre Dam's spillways that was filling amid heavy rains. Officials in Burkina Faso announced in August they would open the spillways and warned people.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, A Guatemalan court sentenced 6 Mexicans and 8 Guatemalans, all members of Mexico’s Zetas drug gang, to lengthy prison terms for the killing of 11 people two years ago.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34zmpqn)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.31)
2010        Sep 10, In Ingushetia a policeman was killed. The gunmen shot and killed him outside an auto repair shop in the region's main city of Nazran.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 10, Iran’s Foreign ministry spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast told English-language Press TV that Sarah Shourd (31), one of the three US hikers currently held in Iran for more than a year, will be released on Sep 11. Iran’s judiciary abruptly halted plans to release Shourd, pointing to the internal rivalries within Iran's leadership.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)(SFC, 9/11/10, p.A3)
2010        Sep 10, In Iran a gas pipeline exploded near the northeastern holy city of Mashhad and killed 6 people with another 20 people hurt.
    (AFP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 10, In Mexico 85 inmates scaled the walls of a prison in the border city of Reynosa and escaped in the country’s biggest jail break in recent memory. At least five people were killed in the southern Pacific coast state of Guerrero, where various cartels are also fighting for territory.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 10, Myanmar's state media denounced people who advocate not voting in the upcoming elections as irresponsible and antidemocratic, even though critics say the military government is using the vote to cement its grip on power.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, Militants in Gaza fired a projectile into southern Israel just hours after Israeli warplanes carried out a series of raids across the coastal strip. Overnight, two Gazans in the Hamas security forces were wounded in Gaza City when Israel launched a series of retaliatory air strikes after an earlier rocket attack.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, In Spain 50 coal miners 1,640 feet (500 meters) underground entered the ninth day of a strike over unpaid wages and government aid.
    (AP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, In Yemen Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula issued a statement threatening to kill 55 named policemen in Yemen's restive southern province of Abyan.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)
2010        Sep 10, Zimbabwean police arrested 6 health workers, including four US citizens and a New Zealand doctor, as well as a Zimbabwean doctor for allegedly operating a clinic without a license in Harare. All belonged to an int’l. church group that helps care for HIV and AIDS patients. All 6 were granted bail on Sep 13. Charges were dropped on Sep 22 as prosecutors conceded the health workers were "doing good work" for the Allen Temple Baptist Church of Oakland, Calif., which operates the Mother of Peace Orphanage outside Harare.
    (AP, 9/11/10)(AFP, 9/12/10)(AFP, 9/13/10)(AP, 9/22/10)

2011        Sep 10, NASA launched 2 near identical probes, named Grail-A and Grail-B, aboard a relatively small Delta II rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fl. The pair rocketed toward the moon on the first mission dedicated to measuring lunar gravity and determining what's inside Earth's orbiting companion, all the way down to the core.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Florida at least two gunmen armed with possible semi-automatic weapons opened fire outside a Palmetto nightclub early this morning, killing two people and injuring 22.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Utah Alexis Rasmussen (16) went missing in North Ogden. She had been babysitting for Eric and Dea Millerburg, who have since been arrested on drug-related charges. Rasmussen’s body was found on Oct 18 in a shallow grave in North Ogden.
    (SSFC, 10/23/11, p.A11)(http://tinyurl.com/3lsozqn)
2011        Sep 10, In eastern Afghanistan 77 American soldiers were wounded and five Afghans civilians were killed in a Taliban suicide truck bombing targeting Combat Outpost Sayed Abad in Wardak province.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, The World Bank and several other international lenders promised more money to encourage democratic reforms in Arab countries, nearly doubling a previous pledge to $38 billion.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Honduras Security Minister Oscar Alvarez resigned, saying he lacked economic support for his efforts and had been stepping on the toes of powerful interests. The government of President Porfirio Lobo also accepted the resignation of Foreign Minister Mario Canahuati. The moves marked the biggest shake-ups so far in Lobo's nearly two-year administration.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Iran hanged 2 convicted drug traffickers in a prison in the northern city of Sari. The latest hangings bring to 186 the number of executions reported in Iran so far this year.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Iraq gunmen attacked an army patrol, opening fire from speeding cars in the Bab al-Muadham area of Baghdad. 3 soldiers were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Israel’s ambassador to Egypt and the entire embassy staff except for one deputy ambassador were evacuated along with their families in the face of the overnight rampage at the Nile-side embassy in Cairo. The Health Ministry said three people were killed and more than 1,000 people hurt during the street clashes between the protesters and police outside the embassy.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Leaders of Ivory Coast and Liberia were joined by counterparts from West Africa for talks on security along the border between their two countries after a bloody post-poll crisis. Presidents Alassane Ouattara and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf were joined by Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso, Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Nigerian summit host Goodluck Jonathan, under the aegis of regional bloc ECOWAS.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Japan's new trade minister, Yoshio Hachiro, resigned over a remark seen as insensitive to nuclear evacuees, dealing a blow to a government that took office just eight days ago in the hopes it could better tackle the daunting tsunami recovery.
    (AP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Libyan fighters battled with Moammar Gadhafi loyalists as more volunteers poured in from Tripoli and other towns held by the former rebels to join what they expect to be the final battle for Bani Walid. Fighters launched a widespread assault on Bani Walid but then withdrew for "tactical reasons."
    (AP, 9/10/11)(AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, The International Monetary Fund said it now recognizes the transitional government in Libya, paving the way for the fledgling administration to benefit from the IMF's financial help.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)
2011        Sep 10, Mexican marines in Tampico captured Manuel Alquisires Garcia, the Gulf Cartel's alleged finance officer. Alquisires, aka "El Meme," was originally arrested in June 1998 along with Osiel Cardenas Guillen. Alquisires had escaped from a prison in Matamoros in 2002.   
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Nigeria four policemen on illegal duty at a burial ceremony started shooting, killing three people among the mourners. The officers were suspected of being drunk.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 10, In Paraguay Sabino Montanaro (89), a former interior minister known as the "cruel right hand" of the late dictator Alfredo Stroessner, died at his home in Asuncion.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, Swedish police arrested four people on suspicion of preparing a terror attack and evacuated an arts center in Goteborg, Sweden's second largest city on the eve of the 9/11 anniversary. In December three of the suspects, of Somali and Iraqi origin, were charged with plotting to stab to death artist Lars Vilks for depicting the Prophet Muhammad as a dog in 2007. On Jan 20, 2012, a Swedish court acquitted three men accused of plotting to murder Vilks.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 1/20/12)
2011        Sep 10, Syria's President Bashar Assad and Arab League head Nabil Elaraby held talks in Damascus. Investigators at the so-called 'Polish' prison in Homs severely beat rights campaigner Najati Tayar (66).
    (AP, 9/10/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 10, The Tanzania ferry, M.V. Spice Islanders, overcrowded and carrying over 800 people sank in deep sea between the mainland and Pemba Island, leaving at least 240 people dead. Some 600 people were rescued.
    (AP, 9/10/11)(AP, 9/11/11)

2012        Sep 10, Chicago teachers went on strike for the first time in 25 years after their union and district officials failed to reach a contract agreement despite intense weekend negotiations that the union said were productive but still failed to adequately address issues such as job security and teacher evaluations.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In New Jersey US federal agents arrested Trenton Mayor Tony Mack as part of an investigation in a corruption investigation relating to bribes for a proposed parking garage. His brother Ralphiel and convicted sex offender Joseph Giorgianni were also accused in the scheme.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 10, Chris Whittle, education entrepreneur, opened in Manhattan “Avenues: The World School," with partners Benno Schmidt and Alan Greenberg. This was the first of a planned global network for rich kids.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.32)
2012        Sep 10, Edwin Wilson (b.1928), former US spy and tycoon, died in Seattle. He had worked for the CIA but was arrested in 1982 for selling 20 tons of explosives to Libya. He was sentenced to 52 years in prison for smuggling arms and plotting to murder his wife. He served 22 years. The 1986 book “Manhunt" by Peter Maas was about Mr. Wilson.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.C10)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.98)
2012        Sep 10, In Afghanistan US officials handed over formal control Bagram prison to Kabul. Some 99 percent of 3000 detainees captured before 9 March were transferred to Afghan authority. Shortly after the handover ceremony, a suicide bomber in the northern city of Kunduz killed 15 people and wounded another 25. Insurgents bombarded the US Bagram Air Field and destroyed a NATO helicopter, killing three Afghan intelligence employees. There were also NATO personnel aboard and wounded, the coalition said without providing further details.
    (AP, 9/10/12)(AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 10, A Quebec, Canada, court accused PM Stephen Harper’s government of violating the principles of Canadian federalism by refusing to hand over gun registry data for Quebec.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 10, Ethiopia said Swedish journalists Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye are to be pardoned and released. They have been in jail since July 2011 for abetting terrorism and entering the country illegally.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In India political cartoonist Aseem Trivedi, whose drawings mock Indian government corruption, has been jailed in a sedition investigation that was widely condemned as evidence of political leaders' growing intolerance of criticism. Trivedi refused bail at a court hearing in Mumbai, saying he would remain in jail until the sedition charges against him were lifted. The court then extended his stay in police custody from one week to two.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Iraq Iraqi gunmen shot dead three anti-al-Qaida fighters manning a security checkpoint north of Baghdad. A car bomb killed 8 people and wounded 32 outside a restaurant in the southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Japan Airlines (JAL) emerged from bankruptcy (2010) in an initial public offering (IPO) at $8.5 billion.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.64)
2012        Sep 10, In southeast Kenya clashes between farmers and herders escalated with 38 people killed, including nine police officers. The Red Cross suggested the military be deployed to the area.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Kosovo the Int’l. Civilian Office (ICO) closed. It had helped keep Kosovo stable since 2008.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.51)
2012        Sep 10, Mexican police in southern Guerrero state said they have found 16 bodies left in a truck in Coyuca de Catalan. Guerrero Gov. Angel Aguirre said authorities suspected they were killed in Michoacan and dumped in his state.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In northern Mali 5 young men had a hand and foot amputated by Islamists imposing Sharia law against highway robbery.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Pakistan a car bomb ripped through a crowded market in the Kurram tribal region, killing 12 Shiite Muslims with 45 wounded.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Palestinian protests against the high cost of living have turned violent in the West Bank city of Hebron. The violence lasted for about an hour before it was brought under control. There were no reports of injuries.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Somalia's Parliament elected a new president of the country's fledgling government. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, a political newcomer, won the election against outgoing President Sheik Sharif Sheikh Ahmed by the legislative vote of 190 to 79.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, In South Africa labor unrest spread in with a wildcat strike by 15,000 workers stopping operations at a gold mine while few workers reported for duty in the fourth week of a stoppage at the Lonmin PLC platinum mine.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Tunisian authorities said four police officers have been detained on suspicion they tortured a robbery suspect who later died. The officers are suspected of torturing Abderraouf Khamassi (34) who was arrested Aug 28. He died Sep 8 with a wound to his skull.
    (AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 10, Turkey’s military announced that it had conducted air strikes over the past week in northern Iraq, where Kurdish rebels have bases. Some 25 guerrillas were reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 10, In Yemen a powerful car bomb struck the defense minister's motorcade as he was driving through the nation's capital, killing at least 13 people but leaving the minister unharmed.
    (AP, 9/11/12)(SFC, 9/11/12, p.A2)

2013        Sep 10, San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera sued the state of Nevada accusing it of deliberately giving almost 500 psychiatric patients one-way bus tickets to California.
    (SFC, 9/11/13, p.D1)
2013        Sep 10, In Louisiana local and federal law officials said they have arrested Van Draylan Dixson (38), a neighborhood watch volunteer, on suspicion of raping four women in Dallas.
    (SFC, 9/11/13, p.A4)
2013        Sep 10, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed 11 people, including passengers on a bus that took a detour to avoid a bomb-laden road in Ghazni province. The 2nd bomb was in Helmand province. A suicide car bomb went off in front of an Afghan National Army security post in Logar province wounding four Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Albania’s President Bujar Nishani named Edi Rama as prime minister, giving him the mandate to create a new Cabinet after a landslide victory by Rama's Socialist Party-led leftist coalition in June elections.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, The president of Central African Republic dismissed the head of the armed forces after days of fighting with gunmen loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize that left 100 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Shareholders of Cyprus' largest bank elected six Russians to sit on its new, 16-member board of directors, a consequence of the country's bailout agreement with international creditors.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Egyptian authorities said they will bar 55,000 unlicensed clerics from preaching in mosques in the latest move against sympathizers of deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Egyptian security officials said a series of attacks in the restive Sinai peninsula over the past 24 hours, mostly against soldiers, killed at least four people.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, France announced it will put forward a resolution in the UN Security Council aimed at forcing Syria to ultimately dismantle its chemical weapons program, seizing on a diplomatic opening from Syrian ally Russia amid Western threats of force against President Bashar Assad's regime.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, French trade union strikes against pension reforms won only limited support, with most trains running in a sign President Francois Hollande's modest proposals were unlikely to stir broad opposition.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, German officials said they have seized a functional bomb and several model airplanes that neo-Nazis allegedly wanted to use in an attack against left-wing or anti-Nazi activists.
    (SFC, 9/11/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 10, An Indian court convicted four men in the deadly gang rape of a young woman on a moving New Delhi bus.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, In Iraq a wave of bombings and a shooting killed 24 people, including 6 shot dead when gunmen stormed a house where a corpse was being ritually washed ahead of a funeral.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)(SFC, 9/11/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 10, Macedonian truck drivers blocked the main border crossing with Kosovo in a deepening trade row between the Balkan neighbors that hurt Macedonian producers in one of their biggest markets.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Nigeria’s air force bombed two of Boko Haram's camps in a remote and sandy region of Borno state. Soldiers then pursued fleeing insurgents, killing 10 in a gunfight.
    (Reuters, 9/12/13)
2013        Sep 10, In Papua New Guinea a group of Australian and New Zealand trekkers, including one woman, were savagely attacked and injured by bandits with two of their guides hacked to death.
    (AFP, 9/11/13)
2013        Sep 10, The Philippine government rushed more troops and police to the south of the country as a standoff between about 200 Muslim rebels and government forces dragged on for a 2nd day with no solution in sight.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Romanian lawmakers voted overwhelmingly for a law allowing stray dogs to be put down after a four-year-old boy was mauled to death by a pack of strays last week.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Russia announced a ban on imports of Moldovan wines and spirits, saying they contained impurities, a move certain to be seen in the small ex-Soviet republic as retaliation for its drive to expand ties with the European Union.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Lawmakers in Switzerland, where prostitution is legal, agreed to make it a criminal act to pay for sex with anyone who is under 18 years old.
    (AP, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, In central Syria Nusra Front al Qaeda-linked rebel fighters shot dead 16 Alawites and six Arab Bedouins after seizing the village of Maksar al-Hesan.
    (Reuters, 9/11/13)(Reuters, 9/12/13)
2013        Sep 10, Thailand's government doubled its offer of subsidy to help rubber farmers but protesting growers insisted it should meet other demands before they consider cancelling demonstrations planned for the weekend.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Turkish police fired tear gas and plastic bullets at thousands of people who gathered in Istanbul to protest the death of a 22-year-old demonstrator. Ahmet Atakan died in hospital after being hit in the head by a tear gas canister during clashes between police and around 150 protesters in the southeastern city of Antakya in Hatay province.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)

2014        Sep 10, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation said it will spend $50 million to support emergency response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This was in addition to $10 million already committed.
    (SFC, 9/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 10, In California federal agents launched a series of raids in downtown Los Angeles. They arrested 9 people and seized an estimated $65 million in assets related to drug cartels laundering narcotics profits.
    (SFC, 9/11/14, p.A7)
2014        Sep 10, In Colorado Shannon Conley (19) pleaded guilty to trying to help the Islamic State. On Jan 23 she was sentenced to four years in prison even as she said that she has disavowed jihad.
    (SFC, 9/11/14, p.A6)(SFC, 1/24/15, p.A4)
2014        Sep 10, In Missouri Earl Ringo Jr. was executed by lethal injection. This was the state’s 8th execution this year. He had been convicted of a 1998 robbery and double murder.
    (SFC, 9/11/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 10, In Texas Willie Trottie (45) was executed for killing his former common-law wife and brother in 1993. This was the state’s 8th execution  by lethal injection this year.
    (SFC, 9/11/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 10, Australian police arrested two men for allegedly preparing to fight in Syria, recruiting jihadists and raising money for an al-Qaida offshoot group.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, Britain’s PM David Cameron begged Scots not to rip apart Britain's "family of nations", visiting Scotland in an attempt to stem a steep last minute rise in secessionist support ahead of a Sept. 18 referendum on independence.
    (Reuters, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, England’s Birmingham Univ. said researchers have produced digital maps of what’s beneath Stoenhenge revealing 17 previously unknown  ritual monuments and a huge timber building.
    (SFC, 9/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 10, French authorities arrested Mourad Fartes (30), a suspected top recruiter of jihadists for the civil war in Syria.
    (SFC, 9/12/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 10, The death toll from the flooding in India and Pakistan climbed to at least 457. Thousands of people fled their homes in Pakistan as monsoon flooding that has already inundated the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir coursed down onto the plains.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, In Iraq bomb attacks killed at least 30 people in Baghdad as US Secretary of State John Kerry visited the capital for talks on combatting jihadists. Shi'ite militia north of Baghdad forced dozens of Sunni families from their homes during an offensive, stole possessions and burned their houses.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)(Reuters, 9/10/14)(SFC, 9/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 10, In southern Japan the Sendai Nuclear Power Station's two reactors won regulators' approval under new safety standards imposed after the 2011 Fukushima disaster, a key step toward becoming the first to restart under the tighter rules.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, New Zealand police said Michael Harris (56), who owns the Main Street Lodge in the North Island town of Kaitaia, was charged with 39 offenses against 16 men, including indecent assault, aggravated wounding related to allegedly drugging the men and making intimate visual recordings.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, Pakistani warplanes struck five militant hideouts in a Taliban stronghold near the Afghan border, killing 65 insurgents.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, Philippines’ President Benigno Aquino III proposed to give Muslims in the south the ability to run their own government under their own flag, part of a peace plan aimed at ending a four-decade rebellion that has killed 150,000 people.
    (AP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, Poland's PGNiG gas utility said its gas deliveries from Russia's Gazprom had been cut by 24 percent, amid heightened tensions over the Ukraine crisis.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, Syria's Islamist Ahrar al-Sham rebel brigade named new chiefs after a devastating blast killed 47 members of its leadership at Ram Hamdan, northeast of Idlib city.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)
2014        Sep 10, Turkey’s parliament approved legislation to tighten the government’s control over the Internet.
    (Econ, 9/13/14, p.61)
2014        Sep 10, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said that Russia has withdrawn about 70% of the troops it allegedly sent across the border to back a bloody pro-Kremlin uprising.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)(SFC, 9/11/14, p.A5)

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