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Today in History - September 11

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1297        Sep 11, Scots under William Wallace “Braveheart” defeated the English army at Stirling Bridge, Scotland.
    (WSJ, 9/9/97, p.A1)(HN, 9/11/98)
1297        Sep 11, Hugh de Cressingham, English treasurer, died in battle.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1557        Sep 11, Catholic & Lutheran theology were debated in Worms. Catholics and Protestants met in Worms in a final effort to achieve reconciliation.
    (MC, 9/11/01)(TL-MB, 1988, p.19)

1630        Sep 11, John de White, Calvinist banker to Prague, committed suicide.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1649        Sep 11, Oliver Cromwell seized Drogheda, Ireland. 3,000 inhabitants were massacred and all Catholic Churches were blown up by cannon.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1695        Sep 11, Imperial troops under Eugene of Savoy defeated the Turks at the Battle of Zenta.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1697        Sep 11, Prince Eugene of Savoy led the Austrians to victory over the Ottoman Turks at Senta (Serbia). This resulted in creating the conditions for the 1699 conclusion of the peace at Karlowitz.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Eug%C3%A8ne_de_Cro%C3%BF)

1700        Sep 11, James Thomson, Scottish poet and songwriter, was born. He wrote the song “Rule Britannia.”
    (HN, 9/11/00)(MC, 9/11/01)

1709        Sep 11, John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, won the bloodiest battle of the 18th century at great cost, against the French at Malplaquet.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1714        Sep 11, The Bourbon monarchy suppressed Catalonia’s medieval institutions following the end of the War of Spanish Succession. The Kingdom of Aragon troops that fought in support of the Habsburg dynasty's claim to the Spanish throne were finally defeated at the Siege of Barcelona by the army of the Borbon king Philip V of Spain after 14 months of siege. This became the National Day of Catalonia (Diada) first celebrated in 1886.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Day_of_Catalonia)(Econ, 11/24/12, p.25)

1733        Sep 11, Francois Couperin, French composer (Le Grand), died at 64. [see Sep 12]
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1740        Sep 11, The first mention of an African American doctor or dentist in the colonies was made in the Pennsylvania Gazette.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1773        Sep 11, Benjamin Franklin wrote "There never was a good war or bad peace."
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1776        Sep 11, An American delegation consisting of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Edward Rutledge met with British Admiral Richard Lord Howe to discuss terms upon which reconciliation between Britain and the colonies might be based. The talks were unsuccessful. In 2003 Barnet Schecter authored “The Battle for New York: The City at the Heart of the American Revolution.”
    (AH, 6/03, p.61)(www.patriotresource.com/people/howe/page2.html)

1777        Sep 11, General George Washington and his troops were defeated by the British under General Sir William Howe at the Battle of Brandywine in Pennsylvania. Posing as a gunsmith, British Sergeant John Howe served as General Gage's eyes in a restive Massachusetts colony.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1783        Sep 11, Benjamin Franklin drafted the Treaty of Paris. [see Sep 3]
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1786        Sep 11, The US Convention of Annapolis opened with the aim of revising the articles of confederation.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1789        Sep 11, Alexander Hamilton was appointed the first U.S. secretary of the treasury.
    (AP, 9/11/97)

1798        Sep 11, Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, was born.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1802        Sep 11, Piedmont, Italy, was annexed by France.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1814        Sep 11, An American fleet led by Thomas Macdonough scored a decisive victory over the British in the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(HN, 9/11/98)

1838        Sep 11, John Ireland, US archbishop of St Paul, was born in Ireland.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1847        Sep 11, Stephen Foster’s “Oh! Susanna” was first performed in a saloon in Pittsburgh.
    (HN, 9/11/00)

1848        Sep 11, Henri-Philippe Gerard (b.1760), composer, died at 87.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1850        Sep 11, Jenny Lind, the “Swedish Nightingale,” gave her first concert in the United States, at Castle Garden in New York.
    (AP, 9/11/00)

1851        Sep 11, Edward Gorsuch, a wealthy slave owner from Maryland, confronted William Parker and accused him of harboring 4 runaway slaves near the abolitionist town, Christiana, Pennsylvania. This was one year after the second fugitive slave law (first law was on February 12, 1793) was passed by Congress, requiring the return of all escaped slaves to their owners in the South. Gorsuch was killed during the skirmish and Parker was forced to flee to Canada.
    (AH, 10/02, p.49)

1857        Sep 11, The Mountain Meadows Massacre of the Fancher emigrant wagon train in Utah Territory was carried out by Mormons fearful of an impending invasion by the US Army. Church patriarch and adopted son of Brigham Young, John Doyle Lee, offered safe passage to the nearly 150 men, women and children on the Fancher train from Arkansas crossing Mormon Utah bound for California, if they left their weapons, livestock and wagons behind-ostensibly to appease hostile Indians. All but the youngest children were slaughtered. Lee, who first blamed the massacre on Paiute Indians, was excommunicated in 1870 and tried, convicted and executed in 1877 for his role in the killings. 120 settlers were killed; 17 children, all under 7, were spared. In 2002 Will Bagley authored “Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows.” In 2011 the site was dedicated as a national historic landmark.
    (SFC, 10/23/02, p.H4)(AP, 9/11/07)(SFC, 9/12/11, p.A4)

1862        Sep 11, O. Henry was born. This was the pen name of William Sydney Porter, short story writer, who wrote “The Gift of the Magi,” and “The Last Leaf.” The name was taken from a French chemist, Ossian Henry, that he noticed while working at a pharmacy.
    (HN, 9/11/98)(SFEC, 9/3/00, Z1 p.2)

1864        Sep 11, A 10-day truce was declared between generals Sherman and Hood so civilians could leave Atlanta, Georgia.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1871        Sep 11, The 1st passenger train passed through the Mount Cenis Tunnel between France and Italy. Work on the 8-mile tunnel had begun in 1861 under the direction of French engineer Germain Sommeiller (d.7/11/1871).
    (ON, 2/03, p.9)

1875        Sep 11, 1st newspaper cartoon strip, "Professor Tigwissel’s Burglar Alarm" appeared in the New York "Daily Graphics" newspaper.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1877        Sep 11, James Jeans (d.1946), English physicist, mathematician and astronomer, was born. He was the first to propose that matter is continuously created throughout the universe.
    (HN, 9/11/00)(www.britannica.com)

1883        Sep 11, James Goold Cutler, architect, patented the postal mail chute. The first one was installed in Rochester N.Y. He later became the mayor of Rochester.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.E4)(WSJ, 7/11/01, p.A1)(MC, 9/11/01)

1885        Sep 11, D.H. Laurence (David Herbert Lawrence d.1930), English novelist, author of “Lady Chatterley's Lover” and “Sons and Lovers,” was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.812)(HN, 9/11/98)

1897        Sep 11, A strike by some 75,000  coal miners in Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia ended after 10 weeks. Concessions included an eight-hour work day, semi-monthly pay, and the abolition of company stores (which were famous for over charging workers). The day before, about 20 miners were killed when sheriff's deputies opened fire on them in Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(MC, 9/11/01)

1904        Sep 11, The battleship Connecticut, launched in New York, introduced a new era in naval construction.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1906        Sep 11, Mohandas Gandhi addressed a meeting in Johannesburg on social protest  against the Asiatic Law Amendment, a new law by the province of Transvaal that made it compulsory for all Indians over age 8 to register with the government and carry ID cards. In the India Opinion he published articles on what he called Satyagraha (Truth Force): "the vindication of truth not by infliction of suffering on the opponent but on one's self."
    (ON, 9/03, p.1)

1910        Sep 11, Gerhard Schroder, German chancellor, was born.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1910        Sep 11, The 1st commercially successful electric bus line opened in Hollywood.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1913        Sep 11, Hedy Lamarr, actress, was born in Austria. She featured in numerous minor roles in Austro-German film prior to her 1938 Hollywood arrival and gained significant notoriety for her libidinous 10 nude scene in the Czech film 'Ecstasy' (1932).  She was cast in many romantic films including 'Samson and Delilah' and 'My Favorite Spy' "Any girl can be glamorous. All you have to do is stand still and look stupid"-- Hedy Lamarr.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1913        Sep 11, James Farley (39), known across the US as the most successful leader of strikebreakers, died in Plattsburg, NY.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, DB p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/mscghsd)

1914        Sep 11, W.C. Handy published his "St Louis Blues."
    (SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(MC, 9/11/01)

1915        Sep 11, Sir William Cornelius Van Horne, former president of the CPR, died in Montreal. His mansion was on Minister’s Island in New Brunswick, Canada. The American-born Van Horne had managed the construction of Canada’s transcontinental railway (1881-1886). Van Horne was buried in Joliet, Ill.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cornelius_Van_Horne)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T7)

1916        Sep 11, The “Star Spangled Banner” was sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York.
    (HN, 9/11/00)

1917        Sep 11, Jessica Mitford (d.1996), writer who championed civil rights, best known for her book “The American Way of Death,” was born.
    (HN, 9/11/98)
1917        Sep 11, Ferdinand Marcos, Philippines Pres. (1965-86), was born.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1918        Sep 11, The Boston Red sox beat Chicago 4-2 to win the World Series in the 6th game.
    (www.1918redsox.com/augsep.htm)
1918        Sep 11, US troops landed in Russia to fight the Bolsheviks.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1919        Sep 11, US marines invaded Honduras (again).
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1922        Sep 11, The British mandate of Palestine began.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1923        Sep 11, ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flew over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1924        Sep 11, Tom Landry, coach of the Dallas Cowboys professional football team, who won two Super Bowls, was born.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1929        Sep 11, David S. Broder, journalist (Pulitzer 1973), was born in Chicago Hgts., Ill.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1930        Sep 11, The Stromboli volcano in Sicily threw 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1932        Sep 11, Valentino, fashion designer for Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, was born in Milan, Italy.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1935        Sep 11, Charles Norris (b.1868), former NYC chief medical examiner and forensic pioneer, died. He and toxicologist Thomas A. Gonzales (1878-1956) were instrumental in developing forensics as an extension of clinical medicine in which information derived from study of the dead was applied to benefit the living. Their combined efforts between 1918 and 1954 represent the epitome of the application of scientific expertise to medicolegal investigation of deaths in America. In 2010 Deborah Blum authored “The Poisoner’s Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/yz82jfc)(SSFC, 3/21/10, p.F7)

1936        Sep 11, President Roosevelt dedicated Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) by pressing a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam’s first hydroelectric generator in Nevada. The Dam was completed ahead of schedule. It was the first and most important link in a chain of dams, canals and aqueducts built to harness the Colorado River. The colossal mass of concrete is wedged into Black Canyon on the Arizona-Nevada border, 32 miles SE of Las Vegas. Paul L. Wattis, headed the construction company that built Boulder Dam.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(HNQ, 4/3/02)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A22)

1939        Sep 11, British submarine Triton torpedoed British submarine Oxley.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1940        Sep 11, Brian DePalma, film director (Body Double, Dressed to Kill), was born in Newark, NJ.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1941        Sep 11, FDR ordered any Axis ship found in American waters be sunk on sight, in response to submarine attacks on US vessels.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1941        Sep 11, Ground breaking ceremonies were held for the Pentagon. The 38-acre Pentagon was built in Arlington, Va., over the next 2 years. Construction was ordered by Brig. Gen. Brehon B. Sommervell to consolidate the 17 War Dept. buildings. It cost $83 million and was located on a plot known as Arlington Farms, that was bordered by 5 roads. In 2006 James Carroll authored “House of War: The Pentagon and the Disastrous Rise of American Power.”
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.A6)(Econ, 5/27/06, p.81)
1941        Sep 11, Charles A. Lindbergh sparked charges of anti-Semitism with a speech in Des Moines, Iowa, in which he blamed "the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration" for trying to draw the United States into World War II. Lindbergh had joined the America First Committee which opposed US entry into the war.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, Par p.29)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.26)(AP, 9/11/08)

1942        Sep 11, Wheeler Bryson Lipes (1921-2005), a US Navy pharmacist's mate, saved the life of sailor Darrell Dean Rector (19) by operating, following a medical manual, in the officer’s mess aboard the Seadragon below the surface of the South China Sea. George Weller (d.2002), war correspondent, won the Pulitzer in 1943 for his account of the operation. The films “Destination Tokyo” (1943) and “Run Silent, Run Deep” (1958) memorialized the surgery.
    (AP, 12/20/02)(SFC, 4/19/05, p.B5)

1943        Sep 11, Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida in Belorussia were liquidated.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1944        Sep 11, President Roosevelt and British PM Winston Churchill met in Canada at the second Quebec Conference.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1944        Sep 11, American troops entered Luxembourg.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1945        Sep 11, Leo Kottke, guitarist (Ice Water, Greenhouse), was born in Athens, Ga.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1946        Sep 11, The 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1948        Sep 11, Mohammed Ali Jinnah (b.1876, 1st governor of Pakistan (1947-48), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ali_Jinnah)

1950        Sep 11, The 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type was exhibited.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1950        Sep 11, Jan C. Smuts, co-founder of British RAF and S. African PM (1919-48), died at 80.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1951        Sep 11, Stravinsky's opera "Rake's Progress," premiered in Venice.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1951        Sep 11, Florence Chadwick (1918-1995), American endurance swimmer, swam English Channel from England to France in 16 hours & 22 minutes [see Aug 6, 1926]. This made her the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions, and set a record for the England-France journey. All told, she swam the English Channel four times and the Catalina Channel three times.
    (www.answers.com/topic/florence-chadwick)

1952        Sep 11, Eritrean-Ethiopian federation act was signed and Eritrea became an independent (federated) nation. Washington, worried an emergent Eritrea would come under Soviet influence, had arranged for it to be yoked in a federation to U.S. client Ethiopia.
    (AP, 1/3/05)(http://nazret.com/history/)

1954        Sep 11, The Miss America pageant made its network TV debut on ABC; Miss California, Lee Ann Meriwether, was crowned the winner.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1954        Sep 11, Category 3 Hurricane Edna made landfall at Martha’s Vineyard. This 2nd storm of 1954 hit NYC with $50 million damage and caused 21 deaths in the region.
    (www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/history.shtml#carol)

1958        Sep 11, Responding to Communist China's artillery attacks on the Taiwan-held islands of Quemoy and Matsu, President Eisenhower said in a broadcast address the US had to be prepared to fight to prevent a communist takeover of the islands.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
1958        Sep 11, India passed its Armed Forces Special Powers Act. It conferred special powers upon armed forces in what the language of the act calls "disturbed areas" in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. It allowed soldiers to search houses without warrants and shoot anyone suspected of being a terrorist.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armed_Forces_%28Special_Powers%29_Act,_1958)

1959        Sep 11, The US Congress passed a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1960        Sep 11, The 17th Summer Olympics closed in Rome. In 2008 David Maraniss authored “Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1960_Summer_Olympics)

1962        Sep 11, Thurgood Marshall was appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.
    (HN, 9/11/98)
1962        Sep 11, The Beatles recorded their first single for EMI, "Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love You," at EMI studios in London. The recording contract was offered by producer George Martin. Drummer Ringo Starr joined John, Paul and George for his first recording session as a Beatles, replacing Pete Best. "Love Me Do" was the result and it took 17 takes to complete.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(SFC, 11/11/98, p.E3)(MC, 9/11/01)

1965        Sep 11, The US 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), arrived in South Vietnam and was stationed at An Khe.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1967        Sep 11, Harry Connick Jr. was born. He became a Grammy Award-winning singer: We are in Love; actor: Copycat, When Harry Met Sally.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1967        Sep 11, Charles Manson (b.1934) recorded his album "Lie," which was produced by Dennis Wilson (b.1944), drummer for the Beach Boys.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lie:_The_Love_and_Terror_Cult)
1967        Sep 11, "The Carol Burnett Show" premiered on CBS.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1967        Sep 11, The Beatles drove their Magical Mystery Bus around England.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1970        Sep 11, US Pres. Nixon’s VP Spiro Agnew first used the term "nattering nabobs of negativism" during his address to the California Republican state convention in San Diego.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7k86zte)
1970        Sep 11, In Laos the US Operation Tailwind began with the objectives of reconnaissance, intelligence collection, and a diversion for a larger operation to the north. In 1998 it was reported that the secret raid called Operation Tailwind by a Special Forces unit called the Studies and Observations Group (SOG) used the nerve gas sarin in Laos to kill American armed service members who had defected. A report in 1998 allegedly confirmed that over 100 people were killed including up to 20 American military defectors. Adm. Thomas Moorer (1912-2004), the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the time (1970-1974), confirmed in 1998 that nerve gas was used. CNN and Time magazine later recanted the story due to insufficient evidence.
    (www.scarface-usmc.org/tailwind.htm)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/26/98, p.W13)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 2/7/04, p.A21)

1971        Sep 11, The body of a woman was found in the Delta-Mendota Canal near Westley, Ca. she had been stabbed 65 times. In 2008 DNA evidence identified her as Mary Alice Willey (23) of San Francisco. It was suspected that she had played a role in the Aug 29 black Panther attack at the Ingleside police station that left one officer dead.
    (SFC, 10/7/08, p.B2)(SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A1)
1971        Sep 11, Egypt adopted a new constitution by public referendum. It called for the president to be chosen by at least two-thirds of MPs, and then confirmed by referendum. In 2007 a questionable referendum approved 34 constitutional  amendments.
    (Econ, 9/25/04, p.61)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.57)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Egypt)
1971        Sep 11, Former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev died at age 77. In 2003 William Taubman authored "Khrushchev: The Man and His Era." In 2006 Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali authored “Khrushchev’s Cold War: The Inside Story of an American Adversary.”
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(AP, 9/11/97)(SSFC, 4/27/03, M3)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.88)

1972        Sep 11, The first trial of serial killer Juan Corona began in Colusa County, Ca. It ended up costing $350,000.
    (www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/juan_corona/8.html)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A13)
1972        Sep 11, Max Fleischer (b.1889), Viennese-born cartoonist, died in California. In the 1930s he introduced the character of 'Betty Boop' in the "Dizzy Dishes" cartoons which brought him great fame.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A22)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?GRid=7323557&page=gr)
1972        Sep 11, The troubled 20th Olympic games closed at Munich, German FR.
    (AP, 9/11/00)

1973        Sep 11, Pres. Salvadore Allende of Chile was toppled in a bloody military coup in Santiago led by 4 commanders: Gen’l Augusto Pinochet, Admiral Jose Toribio Merino (d.8/31/96), air force Gen’l. Gustavo Leigh Guzman (d.1999 at 79) and police director Gen’l. Cesar Mendoza. Allende allegedly blew his head off with an AK 47 given to him by Fidel Castro. The government was taken over by Gen. Augusto Pinochet and his economic managers dubbed the "Chicago boys," for their training at the Univ. of Chicago and belief in free markets. The first 3 months of fighting claimed 1261 victims. The air force bombarded the presidential palace to put down resistance by Allende and a small group of followers. In 2011 two forensics experts, citing a long-lost, 300-page military summary of Allende's death, said they were inclined to conclude that Allende was assassinated. On July 19, 2011, court officials announced that a scientific autopsy has confirmed that Allende committed suicide. 
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A23)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)(SFC, 9/30/99, p.A31)(AP, 7/20/11)

1974        Sep 11, In North Carolina an Eastern Airlines DC-9, Flight 212, crashed 3 miles from the Douglas Municipal Airport. Of the 82 persons aboard the aircraft, 11 and two crewmembers survived the accident. One passenger died 3 days after the crash, and another died 6 days after the crash. One survivor died of injuries 29 days after the accident.
    (AP, 9/11/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Air_Lines)

1977        Sep 11, Lou Ellen Burleigh (21) of Walnut Creek, Ca., went missing. Roger Kibbe was later identified as a suspect confessed to her rape and murder. In 2009 Kibbe, who had become known as the I-5 strangler, was convicted of her murder and that of 5 others. In 2011 remains of Burleigh were found in a dry riverbed near Lake Berryessa.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.C6)
1977        Sep 11, In South Africa Steve Biko was found by a guard to be semiconscious and foaming at the mouth. A doctor ordered him transported to a prison hospital in Pretoria.
    (WSJ, 2/6/97, p.A9)

1978        Sep 11, Kippi Vaught and Rhonda Scheffler (17) were kidnapped from a shopping mall in Sacramento. Their bodies were found 2 days later east of town. Gerald Gallego (b.1946) and accomplice Charlene Williams (24) began a rape and murder spree that left 9 women and one young man dead. Williams served 17 years in prison. Gallego was sentenced to death but was still alive with appeals.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/gallego.htm)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)
1978        Sep 11, Georgi Markov, a Bulgarian defector, died at a British hospital four days after being stabbed by a man wielding a poisoned umbrella tip. British investigative reporter Peter Earle (d.1997 at 71) revealed that Markov was jabbed by an East German agent with a poison tipped umbrella on Waterloo Bridge. The original report stated that Markov died of a heart attack. In 1993 Danish authorities charged a Dane of Italian origin, Francesco Guillino, with killing Markov. Guillino, who reportedly had worked for the Bulgarian secret services since 1972, denied any wrongdoing and eventually was freed. In 2005 journalist Hristo Hristov authored “Kill Vagabond,” in which he presented new evidence confirming that the hit was planned and carried out by Bulgaria's communist-era secret service.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)(AP, 9/11/98)(AP, 6/16/05)(SFC, 6/17/05, p.W5)

1980        Sep 11, Chicago mobsters Arthur "The Brain" Rachel and Joseph "The Monk" Scalise staged a daring daytime theft of the Marlborough Diamond. Both men were convicted in Britain of threatening to use a hand grenade while robbing London's posh Graff Jewelers of $3.6 million worth of goods, including the diamond. They began serving 15-year prison terms in 1984 and were released in 1993.
    (AP, 6/7/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Scalise)

1982        Sep 11, Wilfredo Lam (b.1902), Cuban artist, died in Paris, France. He is best known for “The Jungle” (1943), later acquired by NYC’s MOMA.
    (WSJ, 4/29/08, p.D7)

1985        Sep 11, VP George Bush visited San Francisco and gave the most extensive administration comments on the AIDS epidemic to date. He sympathized with parents afraid to send their children to school with victims of the disease.
    (SSFC, 9/12/10, DB p.50)
1985        Sep 11, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds made his career hit 4,192 off Eric Show of San Diego Padres, eclipsing Ty Cobb's record.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
1985        Sep 11, A U.S. satellite glided through the tail of the Giacobini-Zinner comet in the first-ever on-the-spot sampling of a comet.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

1986        Sep 11, The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) suffered its biggest 1-day decline to date, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares were traded [see Oct 19, 1987]. It is believed that the drop was accelerated, though not initiated, by computer-assisted arbitrage. 
    (www.ccsr.cse.dmu.ac.uk/resources/general/ethicol/Ecv6no3.html)
1986        Sep 11, Davey Rosenberg, SF publicist, died. In 1964 he made the SF Condor Club famous after persuading waitress Carol Doda to dance wearing a topless bathing suit.
    (SSFC, 9/11/11, DB p.46)
1986        Sep 11, Egypt's Pres Mubarak received Israeli premier Peres.
    (http://tinyurl.com/spu4y)

1987        Sep 11, The CBS TV network went black for six minutes after anchorman Dan Rather walked off the set of "The CBS Evening News" because a tennis tournament being carried by the network ran overtime. The tennis coverage had ended abruptly, catching Rather off guard.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1987        Sep 11, Lorne Greene (b.1915), actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), died at 72.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=417)

1988        Sep 11, Mats Wilander of Sweden won the men's U.S. Open title in New York.
    (AP, 9/11/98)
1988        Sep 11,  In Haiti 12 people died when the San Juan Bosco Church was burned.
    (www.cidh.org/countryrep/Haiti90eng/intro.htm)

1989        Sep 11, The exodus of East German refugees from Hungary to West Germany began, by way of Austria.
    (AP, 9/11/99)

1990        Sep 11, President Bush addressed Congress on the Persian Gulf crisis, vowing that “Saddam Hussein will fail” in his takeover of Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/11/00)
1990        Sep 11, In Guatemala City sociologist Myrna Mack was stabbed 27 times to death. Gen’l. Edgar Augusto Godoy and Colonels Juan Valencia Osorio and Juan Guillermo Oliva ordered Noel de Jesus Beteta, a soldier, to kill Mack. Beteta later received a 30 year sentence for the crime. The officers in 1997 sought amnesty under a new treaty. Myrna Mack was an anthropologist working on the ecological effects of the nation’s refugee policies and the genocide of Maya Indians. The officers were ordered to stand trial in 1999. In 2002 Beteta recanted his confession. In 2003 an appeals court freed Col. Juan Valencia.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/21/97, p.A18)(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/99, p.A14)(AP, 9/18/02)(SFC, 5/8/03, p.A14)

1991        Sep 11, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced the Kremlin would withdraw thousands of troops from Cuba, a move bitterly denounced by the Havana government.
    (AP, 9/11/01)
1991        Sep 11, In the Middle East hopes grew for the release of Western hostages in Lebanon after Israel freed 51 prisoners.
    (AP, 9/11/01)

1992        Sep 11, President Bush announced he was approving the sale of 72 F-15 jet fighters to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1992        Sep 11, Hurricane Iniki struck Hawaii, leaving at least five people dead and more than 10,000 homes damaged or destroyed. Iniki caused some $1.6 billion in damages on Kauai.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.26)(AP, 9/11/97)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C12)

1993        Sep 11, Antoine Izmery, a prominent supporter of exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was shot and killed outside a church in Port-au-Prince; the UN mission accused Haitian armed forces of involvement. Louis-Jodel Chamblain was later convicted in absentia for his role in the murder.
    (AP, 9/11/98)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A9)
1993        Sep 11, Austrian born US conductor and author Erich Leinsdorf died in Zurich, Switzerland, at age 81. His work included “Cadenza.”
    (AP, 9/11/98)

1994        Sep 11, In the 46th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards the winners included Fraiser (comedy), Picket Fences (best drama).
    (AP, 9/11/04)
1994        Sep 11, Anthony Marceca visited Craig Livingstone at the White House and secretly perused his own personal FBI file. He obtained the names of 2 women, Lanny Stephenson and Joyce L. Montag, who had provided the FBI background information and sued them for slander.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A9)(www.judicialwatch.org/archive/ois/cases/filegate/SubCertBrief.htm)
1994        Sep 11, Frederick Rand Weissman (b.1912, philanthropist, died. He funded a number of American art galleries.
    (www.radioislam.org/thetruth/26art.htm)(http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Obituary/1994/misc.html)
1994        Sep 11, Jessica Tandy (85), actress (Driving Miss Daisy), died of cancer in Easton, Conn.
    (AP, 9/11/99)

1995        Sep 11, The prosecution in the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles reluctantly began its rebuttal case, as ordered by Judge Lance Ito, after the defense refused to rest.
    (AP, 9/11/00)
1995        Sep 11, Jimmy Ryce (9) was kidnapped, raped and murdered in south Florida. In 1998 Juan Carlos Chavez, a Cuban ranch hand was convicted. His defense was that he was framed by his bosses into a confession for fear of being deported. The defense held that Edward Sheinhaus, the son of Chavez’s bosses, was the killer. Chavez was executed on Feb 12, 2014.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A4)(SFC, 2/13/14, p.A15)

1996        Sep 11, Two top officials with the Health and Human Services Department resigned over President Clinton's signing of the Republican welfare overhaul bill. Another official had resigned the month before.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1996        Sep 11, There was a review of “Big Band Renaissance: The Evolution of the Jazz Orchestra,” compiled by Bill Kirchner and released by The Smithsonian Institution.
    (WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A20)
1996        Sep 11, The Union Pacific merger with Southern Pacific took effect, forming the largest railroad in the US.
    (www.uprr.com/aboutup/history/uprr-chr.shtml)
1996        Sep 11, Grasshoppers plagued North Dakota. The insects were a problem in Wyoming, Montana and Nebraska. Another dry summer and it was predicted that they would spread to Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A2)
1996        Sep 11, Hurricane Hortense left 14 dead in Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. It then hit the Turks and Caicos Islands with 90 mph winds.
    (FB, 9/12/96, p.A7)
1996        Sep 11, In Bangladesh Shanti Bahini guerrillas killed 30 Bengali-speaking settlers in the southeastern Chittagong Hill Tracts.
    (SFC, 9/12/96, p.A14)
1996        Sep 11, In Burundi Hutu rebels killed Catholic archbishop Joachim Ruhunu and six others.
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.A9)

1997        Sep 11, In Manhattan Elie Wiesel helped dedicate the new Museum of Jewish Heritage in Battery Park, designed by Kevin Roche. It was dubbed a Living memorial to the Holocaust.
    (SFC, 9/12/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 11, The US Army issued a searing indictment of itself, asserting that "sexual harassment exists throughout the Army, crossing gender, rank and racial lines."
    (AP, 9/11/98)
1997        Sep 11, In Kenya the Parliament approved some constitutional reforms but opponents charged the measures were only meant to diffuse protests. Detention without trial was ended and greater media access to the opposition was to be established.
    (WSJ, 9/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 11, In Scotland voters went to the polls on a referendum for a separate Scottish Parliament. In a two-part referendum, 74.3% of Scots voted for a 129-member parliament to administer many aspects of Scottish life. 63.5% said 'yes' to giving it modest tax changing powers. The parliament controls schools, the health service, environmental affairs and farm support programs.
    (SFC, 9/11/97, p.A10)(SFC, 9/12/97, p.A12)(Reuters, 2/16/12)

1998        Sep 11, Congress released Kenneth Starr's report that offered graphic details of President Clinton's alleged sexual misconduct and leveled accusations of perjury and obstruction of justice; the president's attorneys quickly issued a rebuttal.
    (AP, 9/11/99)
1998        Sep 11, Tropical Storm Frances hit the middle of the Texas coast. In Louisiana one person was killed and 6 were injured. In Houston the streets were flooded.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 11, Algeria’s Pres. Liamine Zeroual (57) announced that he would step down by Feb 1999 following early elections.
    (WSJ, 9/14/98, p.A28)
1998        Sep 11, In Brazil The Bovespa index fell to an intraday low of 4575. By Nov 6 it moved back up to 8214.
    (WSJ, 11/9/98, p.C1)
1998        Sep 11, Divers off Nova Scotia recovered the cockpit voice recorder from Swissair Flight 111, which had crashed Sept. 2, with 229 people aboard. The data recorder was found Sep 6.
    (AP, 9/11/03)
1998        Sep 11, In Chile the last national holiday to celebrate the end of the Allende government in 1973 was held.
    (WSJ, 9/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 11, In Guatemala Ricardo Arnoldo Ramirez (67), aka Rolando Moran, a former leftist guerrilla commander, died.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A22)
1998        Sep 11, In the West Bank violent protests erupted over the Israeli killing of 2 Hamas leaders.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 11, The death toll in Chiapas reached over 100 as 20,000 people were forced from their homes due to the flooding from Tropical Storm Javier. The toll grew to 162 and 450,000 were left homeless.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A2,C18)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A13)
1998        Sep 11, In Russia the parliament approved Yevgeny Primakov as Premier and Viktor Gerashchenko, a Soviet-era banker, as chairman of the Central Bank. Primakov appointed Yuri Maslyukov as his top deputy.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 11, In Russia near Murmansk security forces stormed a nuclear powered submarine and killed Alexander Kusminykh (19), a conscript who had killed 8 of his fellow crew members.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C2)
1998        Sep 11, In Sri Lanka Tamil separatists bombed City Hall in Jaffa and killed Mayor Ponnuthurai Sivapalan and at least 11 others.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C2)

1999        Sep 11, Eric Milton pitched a no-hitter for the Minnesota Twins in their 7-to-0 win over the Anaheim Angels.
    (AP, 9/11/00)
1999        Sep 11, Serena Williams won the US Open women’s title, beating top-seeded Martina Hingis, 6-3, 7-6 (7-4).
    (AP, 9/11/00)
1999        Sep 11, President Clinton, attending a conference of Asia-Pacific leaders in New Zealand and backed by the UN General Assembly, demanded that Indonesia allow an international force to restore peace in East Timor.
    (SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/11/00)
1999        Sep 11, Pres. Clinton in his weekly radio address announced grants of $106 million for 54 US school districts to help reduce youth violence.
    (SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A9)
1999        Sep 11, In India violence was reported across the country as 77 million people chose members of parliament in the 2nd part of a staggered 5 day poll. In Maharashtra state Sharad Leve of the opposition National Congress was killed in an attack by 30 BJP activists in Satara.
    (SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A10)
1999        Sep 11, In New Zealand the 21-member Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) opened for its 7th annual session.
    (SFC, 9/13/99, p.A14)

2000        Sep 11, The US FTC issued a scathing 104-page report that found media producers systematically marketed violent, adult fare to young consumers.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A3)
2000        Sep 11, In Australia some 5,000 protestors rallied against the Asia-Pacific Economic Summit 2000 in Melbourne.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Sep 11, In Barbados officials at a conference on AIDS in the Caribbean pledged $120 million to fight the disease.
    (SFC, 9/13/00, p.A13)
2000        Sep 11, British farmers and others protested fuel prices and blockades at refineries caused shortages and panic buying. Prime Minister Blair refused to make concessions.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A13)(WSJ, 9/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 11, In Congo rebels and Ugandan troops killed at least 30 pro-Kabila Mai-Mai fighters at Butembo in the Masisi region.
    (SFC, 9/13/00, p.A14)
2000        Sep 11, In central and southern Japan torrential rains left 7 people dead. In Nagoya the Shinkawa River overflowed.
    (SFC, 9/13/00, p.A14)

2001        Sep 11, Two planes left Boston’s Logan Airport. Both planes were hijacked and flown into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. In the same morning, another plane left Dulles International Airport in Virginia. It was hijacked, turned around and flown into the Pentagon building. A fourth plane from Newark Airport in New Jersey was hijacked and steered back  toward Washington, D.C. It crashed in rural Pennsylvania after people on board tried to stop the hijackers. Four groups of terrorists used knives, hijacked 4 airplanes, and were linked to Osama bin Laden’s al Qaeda organization. The terrorist attacks threatened to prompt a global recession. Thousands of people were stranded and air cargo was paralyzed as the FAA grounded all US flights. (http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/09/11/chronology.attack/)
    8:45 am EST: American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 carrying 92 people, crashed into the North tower of the World Trade Center in NYC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.
    9:03 am EST: United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 carrying 65 people, crashed into the South Tower of the WTC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.
    9:38 am EST: American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Va. It was enroute from Washington DC to LA.
    9:40 am EST The FAA grounded all domestic flights and ordered all airborne craft to land immediately.
            9:43 am EST: American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. It was enroute from Washington, D.C. to Los Angeles, California
    10:00 am EST The South Tower of the WTC collapsed.
    10:10 am United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 carrying 45 people, crashed southeast of Pittsburgh. The plane had left Newark for SF but was believed to be directed by hijackers to Camp David. Passengers appeared to have overcome the hijackers. In 2002 it was reported that Congress was the target.
    10:29 am EST The North Tower of the WTC collapsed.
            1:04 pm EST: President George W. Bush puts the U.S. military on “high alert.”
    5:25 pm EST: Building 7 of the WTC complex collapsed.
            8:30 pm EST: President George W. Bush, in a televised address, vowed to find those responsible for the attacks.
    In 2005 NYC said it was unable to identify the remains of 1,161 of the 2,749 people killed in the Sep 11 attacks. The ultimate death toll would be: 2,797 at the World Trade Center Towers, 189 killed at the Pentagon and 44 died in Pennsylvania … a total of 3,030.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.A6,10,12)(WSJ, 9/12/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 9/12/01, p.A1,3) (WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)
2001        Sep 11, Rick Rescorla, security chief at Morgan Stanley, evacuated 2,700 MS employees from the WTC and was killed trying to save others. In 2002 James B. Stewart authored "Heart of a Soldier," a biography of Rescorla.
    (WSJ, 9/11/02, p.D10)
2001        Sep 11, World leaders expressed outrage at terrorist attacks in NYC and the Pentagon and pledged solidarity with the US. In the West Bank town of Nablus, some 3,000 people celebrated the attacks and chanted "God is great." Later the estimates of the WTC dead dropped to 4,396. In 2004 the count was reduced to 2,749.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/3/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/21/01, p.A2)(USAT, 10/30/03, p.7A)(WSJ, 1/26/04, p.A1)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1M4eH9Kk7I)
2001        Sep 11, Peter Alderman (25) was among those murdered by terrorists while attending a conference at the World Trade Center. His parents later established the Peter C. Alderman Foundation in his name to alleviate the suffering of victims of terrorism and mass violence in post-conflict countries by providing physicians and other indigenous caregivers with the tools to treat mental anguish using Western medical therapies combined with local healing traditions.
    (www.petercaldermanfoundation.org/about/index.html)
2001        Sep 11, In Afghanistan explosions resounded north of Kabul near the airport just hours following terrorist attacks in the US.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.A15)
2001        Sep 11, Israeli tanks moved into Jenin and tore down the Palestinian police headquarters. This prompted fighting that killed 2 Palestinians.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C3)(WSJ, 9/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 11, The UAR emirate of Ras al Khaimah was drawn into the international fallout as the birthplace of hijacker Marwan al-Shehhi, who flew United flight 175 into the South Tower of the World Trade Center.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2002        Sep 11, With words of comfort and resolve, President Bush joined the nation in remembering "how it began and who fell first" in the terrorist attacks one year earlier. Memorial ceremonies were tinged with fear the anniversary could spark repeat attacks.
    (Reuters, 9/11/02)(AP, 9/11/03)
2002        Sep 11, Kim Hunter (79), film actress, died. She won a 1951 supporting Oscar for her role as Stella in "A Streetcar Named Desire."
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A26)
2002        Sep 11, Johnny Unitas (b.1933), Hall of Fame football quarterback, died in Baltimore. In 2006 Tom Callahan authored “Johnny U, The Life and Times of John Unitas.”
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/06, p.F3)
2002        Sep 11, George Shiynyuy (38), a prominent Cameroon separatist leader, died in state custody, hospital. Newspapers reported he was tortured to death.
    (AP, 9/20/02)
2002        Sep 11, The Guatemala Congress enacted a law that prohibited racial discrimination.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A11)
2002        Sep 11, The 21-member Palestinian Cabinet resigned after Yasser Arafat lost a showdown with parliament, the most serious challenge to the Palestinian leader since he returned from exile in 1994.
    (AP, 9/11/02)
2002        Sep 11, In Karachi, Pakistan, 2 al Qaeda suspects were killed and 5 captured after police stormed an apartment. Key al Qaeda member Ramzi Binalshibh, who is wanted by Germany for his alleged role in planning and carrying out the hijacked plane attacks on the US, was arrested after a long running gun battle in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/14/02)
2002        Sep 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic militants killed Mushtaq Ahmad Lone (44), a state law minister and legislative candidate. 15 others were killed in 2 other attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 11, In Russia Pres. Putin threatened military strikes on Georgia to defend itself from terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A7)

2003        Sep 11, In Nogales, New Mexico, federal agents discovered a 985-foot tunnel to Mexico equipped to move drugs on railcars.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 11, The Seattle Archdiocese agreed to pay $7.87 million to settle lawsuits brought by 15 men who said they were molested by the same priest.
    (SFC, 9/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 11, Actor John Ritter, who gained fame playing bumbling and lovable characters in a pair of hit TV comedies decades apart, collapsed while he was on the set of his new series and died suddenly of a heart problem.
    (Reuters, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 11, In Britain Alesha Ahmed (15) watched her parents, Iftikhar and Farzana, suffocate her sister Shafilea (17) on to the sofa in their house in Warrington, Cheshire. She had been missing for a week before her teachers informed the police. In 2012 Alesh testified against her parents at their murder trial. The Pakistani couple allegedly felt that Shafilea was bringing shame on their family with her "Westernized" conduct. On Aug 3, 2012, a court found the Pakistani-born couple guilty of murdering their teenage daughter.
    (AFP, 5/24/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7vbhzek)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2003        Sep 11, In Canada 10 people were killed in two separate plane crashes in Northern Ontario, police said on Friday.
    (AP, 9/12/03)
2003        Sep 11, The Israeli security Cabinet decided in principle to authorize the expulsion of Yasser Arafat. The Cabinet also decided that the construction of the security fence between Israel and the West Bank will be accelerated.
    (AP, 9/11/03)(SFC, 9/12/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 11, The Italian Health Ministry said at least 4,175 more elderly Italians died in the summer heat wave that scorched Europe this year compared with the same period last year.
    (AP, 9/11/03)
2003        Sep 11, In Russia the 36-card set "United Cards of America," featuring the key figures in Washington, went up for sale.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Sep 11, Swaziland's King Mswati III selected his 12th bride, less than a week after he picked bride No. 11 from thousands of young Swazi maidens.
    (AP, 9/11/03)
2003        Sep 11, Sweden's Foreign Minister Anna Lindh died after being stabbed Sep 10 by a mystery attacker.
    (Reuters, 9/11/03)
2003        Sep 11, Weary and trembling, Pope John Paul II struggled to greet Slovaks as he began a four-day visit.
    (AP, 9/11/03)

2004        Sep 10, Svetlana Kuznetsova overwhelmed Elena Dementieva 6-3, 7-5 in the first all-Russian U.S. Open final.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2004        Sep 10, Mike Leigh's "Vera Drake" won the Golden Lion for best picture at the close of the Venice Film Festival.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2004        Sep 10, Specialist Armin Cruz became the first Military Intelligence soldier convicted in the Abu Ghraib prison scandal as he admitted abusing inmates and received a lighter sentence in return for his testimony against others.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2004        Sep 11, Songwriter Fred Ebb (76) died of a heart attack in NYC. His songs included “New York, New York,” written for the 1977 film of the same name.
    (SFC, 9/13/04, p.B4)
2004        Sep 11, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai appointed Sayeed Mohammed Khairkhwa as governor of Herat and offered Gov. Ismail Khan a post as minister of mines and industry. Khan, the “Lion of Heart,” accepted the cabinet job in Kabul.
    (SFC, 9/13/04, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2004        Sep 11, Egypt claimed that its regional and international clout qualify it for a permanent seat on an expanded U.N. Security Council.
    (AP, 9/11/04)
2004        Sep 11, Petros VII, the Christian Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria, was killed after an army helicopter that was transporting him and his entourage to a monastic enclave in northern Greece crashed in the sea. The helicopter carried 12 passengers and 4 crew.
    (AP, 9/11/04)
2004        Sep 11, In Iraq US Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class David A. Cedergren (25) of South St. Paul, Minn., died of electrocution while showering. As of 2009 his death was one of among 18 electrocution deaths, 16 US service members and two military contractors, under review as part of a Department of Defense Inspector General inquiry.
    (AP, 2/2/09)
2004        Sep 11, Hurricane Ivan lashed Jamaica with monstrous waves, driving rain and winds nearing 155 mph, killing at least 15 people. Total deaths from the hurricane reached 65.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(SFC, 9/13/04, p.A3)

2005        Sep 11, Pres. Bush arrived in New Orleans for a 3rd visit. The airport announced that it will resume some commercial flights this week and the largest levee breech was reported closed.
    (SFC, 9/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 11, Chris Schenkel (82), sportscaster, died in Fort Wayne, Ind.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2005        Sep 11, Typhoon Khanun made a direct hit on Taizhou city in prosperous eastern China after nearly a million villagers and farmers had been evacuated from flimsy coastal and hillside huts to safety.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 11, About 5,000 Iraqi soldiers, backed by a 3,500-strong American armored force, reported 156 insurgents killed and 246 captured. The force discovered a big bomb factory, 18 weapons caches and the tunnel network in the ancient Sarai neighborhood of Tal Afar. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb near Samarra. US deaths to date since the start of the war in March, 2003, numbered 1,897. Britain reported at least 96 dead.
    (AP, 9/11/05)(SFC, 9/12/05, p.A3)
2005        Sep 11, A British serviceman was killed and three injured in a late-morning bomb attack in Iraq's southern Basra province.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 11, The German firm Allianz, Europe’s biggest insurer, opted for pan-European status as part of a merger and restructure.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.64)
2005        Sep 11, Israel's Cabinet voted unanimously to end its 38-year occupation of the Gaza Strip, clearing the way to complete the country's withdrawal from the area and turn it over to Palestinian control.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 11, Japanese voters handed PM Junichiro Koizumi's ruling coalition a landslide victory in elections for the lower house of parliament.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2005        Sep 11, A leading newspaper said Japan plans to demand a cut in its contributions to the UN budget from 2007 after the failure of its high-profile campaign to win a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 11, In Jordan 12 Islamic militants screamed praise for the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks as a Jordanian court jailed them for up to three years for plotting terrorist strikes against the American and Israeli embassies.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 11, Mexico's ruling National Action Party gave former Energy Secretary Felipe Calderon a surprise victory in the first round of its three-part presidential primary.
    (AP, 9/11/05)
2005        Sep 11, A Rwandan community court charged Guy Theunis (60), a Belgian missionary, with inciting and planning the 1994 genocide that left more than half a million people dead.
    (AP, 9/12/05)

2006        Sep 11, The nation paused to remember the victims of 9/11 on the fifth anniversary of the terrorist attacks. In a prime-time address, President Bush invoked the memory of the victims as he argued for a continued military campaign in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2006        Sep 11, It was reported that Florida’s St. Lucie County was planning a $425 million plasma-arc gasification facility to vaporize its garbage. The plant by Geoplasma, a subsidiary of Jacoby Development Inc., was expected to go operational in 2 years.
    (SFC, 9/11/06, p.C4)
2006        Sep 11, The memorial statue titled, 'To the Struggle Against World Terrorism', by Russian artist Zurab Tsereteli, was dedicated in Bayonne, N.J. The 100-foot-tall bronze monument with a 40-foot steel teardrop at it's center, a gift from the Russian government and Tsereteli, is dedicated to victims of terrorism.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, In SF measures to turn back a surge in violence included police enforcement of a long-ignored curfew for young teenagers as well as more police in high crime neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 9/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 11, GlaxoSmithKline agreed to pay $3.4 billion to settle a US tax dispute covering the period 1989-2005.
    (SFC, 9/12/06, p.D6)
2006        Sep 11, The Pacifica, California, town council voted to ban smoking on its public beaches fishing pier.
    (SFC, 9/13/06, p.B10)
2006        Sep 11, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck in the Tani district of Khost province at a funeral for Gov. Abdul Hakim Taniwal, a provincial governor assassinated by the Taliban a day earlier. Five people were killed and 30 wounded, but four Cabinet ministers at the service were unhurt.
    (AP, 9/11/06)(www.wcbs880.com/pages/81058.php?)
2006        Sep 11, Osama bin Laden's deputy warned that Persian Gulf countries and Israel would be al-Qaida's next targets, according to a new videotape aired by Arab broadcaster Al-Jazeera on the fifth anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, China said it will send 1,000 peacekeeping troops to Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 11, In Cuba a weeklong summit of the Nonaligned Movement began with poverty, health care and the Middle East at the top of the agenda. It will culminate with the meeting of 50 heads of state, including anti-American leaders from Iran and Venezuela.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, In Helsinki, Finland, European and Asian leaders representing nearly half the world's population promised to work to reduce global warming, to get world trade talks back on track and to keep up the battle against terrorism. They pledged to set new carbon dioxide emissions targets that go beyond those now set for 2012 under the UN's Kyoto Protocol.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Joachim Fest (79), German journalist and historian, died. He worked closely with Adolf Hitler's architect Albert Speer on his memoirs. Fest's biographical portrait "Hitler," published in English in 1974 the year after its German release, is widely regarded as the best, among many, on the dictator.
    (AP, 9/12/06)
2006        Sep 11, Leaders of the breakaway Georgian region of South Ossetia said they would hold a referendum on independence in November, a move likely to infuriate the government in Tbilisi and stoke already spiraling tensions.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, In Haiti 3 gang members surrendered their guns in the first handover of weapons in a UN-led effort to disarm hundreds of Haitian criminals.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Iran closed down two opposition newspapers, one of which had recently poked fun at hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and the way his government has handled nuclear talks with the West.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, In Iraq a mini bus carrying a bomb exploded outside an army recruiting center in Baghdad and killed 16 people, the deadliest of a string of attacks that left 29 Iraqis dead. A US soldier also died over the weekend.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Kazakhstan hosted the Second Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in Astana.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.81)(www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=7191&geo=3&size=A)
2006        Sep 11, Nicaragua officials said at least 35 people have died from drinking methanol-laced sugarcane liquor in the past week and nearly 600 have fallen ill, overwhelming hospitals in Nicaragua's worst health crisis in recent history.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Taxi drivers in Sierra Leone went on strike, bringing the capital to a standstill after police jailed 100 of their colleagues for driving with bald tires, broken lights or without a valid license.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, In Lebanon an angry protester accusing Tony Blair of complicity in the Israeli bombardment of Lebanon disrupted a news conference. Thousands of demonstrators shouted outside as the British prime minister visited Beirut. Blair pledged help in rebuilding war-ravaged Lebanon.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Pakistan's government agreed to a compromise deal with hardline Islamic lawmakers over proposed changes to a law that has long made punishing rapists almost impossible in the country. Senator S.M. Zafar said the government had agreed to compromise by letting rape victims choose between prosecuting suspects under the four-witness rule, the 1979 Hudood Ordinance,  or under Pakistan's civil penal code.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and PM Ismail Haniyeh agreed that their moderate Fatah and militant Hamas parties would form a coalition government.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, President Vladimir Putin gave final orders for a battalion of Russian engineers and explosives experts to travel to Lebanon to help repair the damage inflicted by Israel's campaign to uproot Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, In southern Russia a military helicopter crashed on the outskirts of Vladikavkaz, the provincial capital of the republic of North Ossetia, killing at least 10 servicemen and injuring another four.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger rebels exchanged mortar and artillery fire across their northern front lines. The military said the death toll from five days of heavy fighting rose to 148.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, A top Ugandan rebel leader, Lord's Resistance Army deputy Vincent Otti, arrived at a neutral camp in southern Sudan as part of a truce to end 19 years of conflict with the government.
    (AP, 9/11/06)
2006        Sep 11, Uruguay arrested 7 former army and police officers in an investigation of dissidents who disappeared during the South American country's military rule in the 1970s.
    (AP, 9/11/06)

2007        Sep 11, Osama bin Laden urged sympathizers to join the "caravan" of martyrs as he praised one of the Sept. 11 suicide hijackers in a new video that emerged to mark the sixth anniversary of the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, In northeast Alabama a US Army helicopter on a training flight in foggy weather struck a power line and crashed, killing all three soldiers on board.
    (AP, 9/12/07)
2007        Sep 11, Douglas Eugene "Gene" Savoy, explorer, died at age 80 in Reno, Nev. He discovered more than 40 lost cities in Peru and led long-distance sailing adventures to learn more about ancient cultures. Savoy wrote dozens of books, including "Antisuyo: The Search for the Lost Cities of the Amazon" (1970) about his early discoveries in Peru, and "On the Trail of the Feathered Serpent" (1974) about some of his sea journeys.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 11, Keyboardist Joe Zawinul (b.1932), who played with Miles Davis and helped shape jazz fusion with his band Weather Report, died in his native city of Vienna.
    (Reuters, 9/11/07)(SFC, 9/21/07, p.B6)
2007        Sep 11, Six Congolese soldiers were detained by the Burundian navy for repeatedly attacking fishing boats on Lake Tanganyika and stealing their catch.
    (AFP, 9/12/07)
2007        Sep 11, China signed an agreement to prohibit the use of lead paint on toys exported to the United States.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, The World Health Organization issued an alert urging more doctors to travel to Congo to combat an outbreak of Ebola fever, which kills nearly all of those it infects and has no cure or treatment.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, The European Commission has ditched its attempt to impose the metric system on Ireland and Britain, where a grocer was once convicted of selling bananas by the pound rather than by the kilo. The EU said it will lift all remaining restrictions on British meat and livestock next month after veterinary experts agreed that the threat from a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak was over.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(AFP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, A militant group called Islamic Jihad Union claimed responsibility for foiled bombings that targeted Ramstein US Air Base as well as US and Uzbek consulates in Germany.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2007        Sep 11, India's Supreme Court gave permission for ship breakers to dismantle a former French cruise liner, the Blue Lady, that environmentalists say is lined with toxic asbestos.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, Iran opened the doors of its most feared prison to journalists, allowing them to interview Kian Tajbakhsh, a jailed Iranian-American academic in a move seen as an effort to blunt criticism of the country's human rights record.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, Iraqi health officials said the cholera epidemic in northern Iraq has infected some 7,000 people and could reach Baghdad within a few weeks. Insurgents fired rockets or mortars at the sprawling garrison that houses the headquarters of American forces in Iraq, killing one person and wounding 11 coalition soldiers.
    (AP, 9/12/07)(SFC, 9/12/07, p.A14)
2007        Sep 11, A Palestinian rocket exploded in an Israeli army base, wounding more than 40 soldiers as they slept in their tents and drawing calls for a major military operation against militants launching rockets from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, In Jamaica Bruce Golding was sworn in as the new prime minister and pledged a tougher approach to crime. He said he wants to resume executions, provide officers with better forensic training and equipment, deploy more police to trouble spots and modernize a backlogged judicial system. Killings in 2005 placed Jamaica, with a population of about 2.8 million, among the most violent nations in the world.
    (AP, 9/12/07)
2007        Sep 11, Mexican President Felipe Calderon visited India's technology hub of Bangalore to get a feel for the success of its outsourcing companies, and to encourage them to invest more in Mexico.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, In Kashmir 20 people were hurt when thousands of Kashmiri protesters clashed with Indian police over the killing of an alleged militant who they say was just a college student. Police said Mohammed Ramzan Shah (20) died during a gunfight Sep 11 in the state's northern Kupwara district. Shah's brother said "He was arrested by the army Sep 10 when he was on his way to attend a function at his aunt's place."
    (AFP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, In Nigeria journalist Tope Abiola was beaten unconscious by prison guards and police as he photographed the bodies of some of the inmates killed by police who used live bullets to foil a jail break attempt at Agodi prison. At least eight inmates were killed and another 14 seriously injured in the riot.
    (AFP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 11, American, Russian and Chinese nuclear experts began a rare visit to North Korea to examine ways of disabling the country's main nuclear facilities so they can no longer produce bombs.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, Lawyers for former PM Nawaz Sharif filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging his expulsion to Saudi Arabia, setting up another confrontation between the judiciary and Pakistan's military ruler as he battles to hold onto power. A suicide bomber killed 17 people in northwest Pakistan as police tried to arrest him in Dera Ismail Khan. Islamic militants tried to blow up a statue of the Buddha carved into a mountainside in the small village of Jehanabad but did not damage the structure. The statue was built around the 1st century, during the Gandhara era.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(AFP, 9/11/07)(AP, 9/12/07)
2007        Sep 11, State television reported that the Russian military has successfully tested what it described as the world's most powerful non-nuclear air-delivered bomb. The Russian bomb is a "thermobaric" weapon that explodes in an intense fireball combined with a devastating blast. It explodes in a terrifying nuclear bomb-like mushroom cloud and wreaks destruction through a massive shock wave created by the air burst and high temperature.
    (AP, 9/12/07)
2007        Sep 11, Syria complained to the UN about Israeli "aggression and violation of sovereignty" after what a US official said was Sep 6 airstrike deep in Syria.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(AP, 9/12/07)
2007        Sep 11, Turkish authorities thwarted a bombing, possibly timed to coincide with the sixth anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks, as police found and defused more than 600 pounds of explosives in a minibus parked near an Ankara market.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 11, In Zimbabwe Archbishop Pius Ncube, a leading critic of President Robert Mugabe, resigned after an adultery scandal but said he would not be silenced by the "wicked regime."
    (AFP, 9/11/07)

2008        Sep 11, Pres. Bush attended the dedication of a new memorial at the Pentagon in honor of 9/11 attacks in 2001. In NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg led a ceremony attended by presidential candidates Barack Obama and John McCain.
    (SFC, 9/12/08, p.A3)
2008        Sep 11, Bert Langerwerf (b.1944), Dutch born lizard breeder, died. In 1988 he moved to Alabama and established his Agama International Herpetocultural Institute, which grew to become the world’s biggest lizard-breeding facility.
    (WSJ, 9/20/08, p.A12)
2008        Sep 11, The US expelled Bolivia’s ambassador following Bolivia’s expulsion of the American ambassador for allegedly aiding the opposition. The Peace Corps pulled all 113 of its volunteers out of Bolivia for alleged security reasons.
    (WSJ, 9/12/08, p.A1)(AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, Javier Sanchez Perfino (30) pleaded guilty in San Diego to running a smuggling organization from 2003 to 2006, which at its peak smuggled 60-80 people per day and charging $1,500 per person. The operation ran through a live bombing range in southeastern California.
    (SFC, 9/12/08, p.B12)
2008        Sep 11, In Afghanistan 10 militants were killed by US-led coalition troops north of Kabul. 2 US soldiers were killed in eastern Afghanistan. An insurgent attack on a compound in eastern Afghanistan killed a US soldier and another was killed by an explosive, making 2008 the deadliest for American forces in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion.
    (AP, 9/11/08)(AP, 9/12/08)
2008        Sep 11, In Bolivia’s Pando state anti-government protesters fought backers of President Evo Morales in the pro-autonomy east with clubs, machetes and guns, killing at least eight people and injuring 20. Seven more bodies were recovered the next day farther from the highway. The bodies of three more marchers were later discovered, raising the death toll to 18. Lowland opposition leaders, guarding their region's frontier capitalism and more Euro-centric heritage, said they lost two of their own in the pitched battle. Protesters near Yacuiba closed gas valves, resulting in a gas leak and explosion that interrupted gas exports at a cost of $8-10 million a day.
    (AP, 9/12/08)(AP, 9/28/08)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.51)
2008        Sep 11, In Brazil Daniel Dantas, businessman, found $300 million of his money frozen by the courts under accusations of laundering public money and offering bribes. His fortune was estimated at over $1 billion. On Dec 2 Dantas was convicted of trying to bribe police officers. He was fined $5 million and sentenced to 10 years in prison, but appealed the conviction.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.82)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.51)
2008        Sep 11, James Ashley Nasmyth (b.1918), English oil journalist, died. In 1979 he launched Argus Telex, the first daily oil market report.
    (www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article4827314.ece)(WSJ, 9/27/08, p.A16)
2008        Sep 11, Chile’s Senate unanimously passed a bill submitted by President Michelle Bachelet that bans whale hunting off the country’s 3,400 mile (5,500 km) coast.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, In Santiago, Chile. clashes erupted as protesters erected burning barricades and attacked police with firearms and rocks on the 35th anniversary of the 1973 bloody military coup.
    (AP, 9/12/08)
2008        Sep 11, China’s Sanlu Group announced a nationwide recall of 700 tons of milk powder.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.58)
2008        Sep 11, Amnesty Int’l. reported that Egyptian security forces have killed at least 28 immigrants leaving Egypt for Israel, since the first killing in the summer of 2007.
    (SFC, 9/12/08, p.A12)
2008        Sep 11, A Paris court convicted Didier Bourguet, a former UN employee, for the rape of young Africans during his postings in Central African Republic and Congo. Bourguet was sentenced to nine years in prison for having committed about 20 rapes of teenage girls between 1998 and 2004 during his postings as a mechanic for the UN.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, Israeli divers found a red suitcase containing a small skull, bones and clothes, which police said may belong to Rose Pizem, a 4-year-old French girl missing since May, whose grandfather is jailed in the slaying.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, Japan said it was ending an air mission in Iraq, wrapping up a military deployment which was historic for the pacifist nation but deeply unpopular among the public.
    (AFP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, Nepalese officials said Tibetan exiles living in Kathmandu illegally are to be deported in a bid to curb anti-China protests threatening Nepal's ties with its giant neighbor.
    (AFP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, New Zealand cut its benchmark interest rate half a point to 7.5% in a bid to engineer a quick recovery from a widely expected recession.
    (WSJ, 9/12/08, p.A10)
2008        Sep 11, Pakistan's PM Yousaf Raza Gilani backed a harsh rebuke of the US by Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, the Muslim nation's military chief. This was in response to news that President Bush during the summer had secretly approved US military raids inside Pakistan against alleged terrorist targets.
    (AP, 9/11/08)
2008        Sep 11, Sheik Saleh al-Lihedan (79), Saudi Arabia's top judiciary official, issued a religious decree saying it is permissible to kill the owners of satellite TV networks that broadcast immoral content. On Sep 14 he adjusted his comments saying owners who broadcast immoral content should be brought to trial and sentenced to death if other penalties do not deter them.
    (AP, 9/12/08)(SFC, 9/15/08, p.A3)
2008        Sep 11, Sri Lankan troops killed 37 Tiger rebels during fresh fighting across the island's north.
    (AP, 9/12/08)
2008        Sep 11, Venezuela interrogated military officers named in recordings of an apparent plan to kill President Hugo Chavez, in what may the firmest evidence in years of a barracks plot to oust him. Chavez ordered the US ambassador to leave Venezuela within 72 hours, accusing the diplomat of conspiring against his government and saying he would also withdraw his own envoy from Washington immediately.
    (AP, 9/12/08)(Reuters, 9/12/08)
2008        Sep 11, President Robert Mugabe and the opposition reached an accord in which they will wield equal power in a unity government aimed at ending Zimbabwe's protracted political crisis and economic meltdown. One source said Mugabe will chair the cabinet, while Morgan Tsvangirai takes charge of a national security council which consists of 31 cabinet ministers.
    (AFP, 9/12/08)
2008        Sep 11, Zimbabwe's health minister said a cholera outbreak in a Harare suburb has killed at least 11 people.
    (AP, 9/11/08)

2009        Sep 11, Pres. Obama slapped punitive tariffs on all car and light truck tires entering the US from China as the rising tide of imported tires hurt American producers.
    (SFC, 9/12/09, p.A4)
2009        Sep 11, The US said it would accept Iran's offer of wide-ranging talks with major powers despite the Islamic Republic's stated refusal to discuss its nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Richmond, Ca., Kaneesha Mallard (19) of Hercules and her boyfriend, Alfred Thomas (20) of Vallejo, were killed by a spray of bullets while parked at the snack shop of a Union 76 gas station.
    (SFC, 9/17/09, p.D2)
2009        Sep 11,  In Owosso, Michigan, Harlan James Drake (33) killed an abortion protester outside a school along with the owner of a nearby gravel pit.
    (SFC, 9/12/09, p.A4)
2009        Sep 11, Jim Carrol (60), poet, addict and author, died in Manhattan following a heart attack. His books included “Basketball Diaries” (1978), which was turned into a 1995 movie. His 1980 song “People who Died” became a punk classic.
    (SFC, 9/16/09, p.D5)
2009        Sep 11, Larry Gelbart (b.1928, comedy writer, died in Los Angeles. His work included developing the MASH TV series and co-writing the books for the Broadway musical “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum” and the film “Tootsie.” His 1998 memoir was titled “Laughing Matters.”
    (SFC, 9/12/09, p.A5)
2009        Sep 11, Afghan former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah, the chief challenger to President Hamid Karzai, called for a full investigation of hundreds of reports of fraud in the Aug. 20 presidential contest. 14 civilians were killed Uruzgan province when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Churra district. In Kandahar six civilians were killed by an improvised explosive device in the Maiwand district. Four police were killed in Nangarhar when militants attacked a border police checkpoint. In eastern Paktika province, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives in Bermel district. Only the bomber died.
    (AP, 9/11/09)(AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, A risk consultancy said Australians have overtaken Americans as the world's biggest individual producers of carbon dioxide, which is blamed for global warming. British firm Maplecroft placed Australia's per capita output at 20.58 tons a year, some four percent higher than the United States and top of a list of 185 countries.
    (AFP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Belgium the Flemish education board banned religious symbols in all 700 secular state schools under its control.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.64)
2009        Sep 11, In Chile police and hooded protesters clashed Santiago on the anniversary of the 1973 military coup that toppled elected President Salvador Allende. State television reported one death amid the disturbances.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, Chinese officials said mystery needle attacks appeared to spread in China's far western region as authorities arrested nine new suspects in three cities. Since last week, more than 500 people in Urumqi have reported attacks, though only about 100 showed evidence of being pricked.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Colombia two bombs being carried by donkeys exploded, killing two coca-eradication workers and wounding six soldiers in Norte de Santander state.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Cuba Juan Almeida Bosque (b.1927), a comrade-in-arms of Fidel Castro since the start of his guerrilla struggle more than a half-century ago, died of a heart attack. Almeida was the only black commander among the rebel leaders.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Germany 12 officers were injured in late night clashes with left-wing demonstrators in Hamburg following a far-right rally.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, Europe's biggest automaker Volkswagen said it planned to invest 4.0 billion euros (5.8 billion dollars) to boost its presence in China over the next three years.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, Authorities in Guatemala arrested nine suspects, including five police officers, in the May 10 killing of lawyer Rodrigo Rosenberg, who accused President Alvaro Colom of involvement in his death in a posthumously released video.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Iraq prison inmates at Abu Ghraib rioted for a 2nd day to demand better conditions. The facility, now under Iraqi control, has been renamed the Baghdad Central Prison.
    (SFC, 9/12/09, p.A3)
2009        Sep 11, A Kenyan magistrate sentenced Jon Cardon Wagner, an American who founded a popular chain of coffee shops, to 15 years' imprisonment for the statutory rape of three teenage Kenyan girls. Wagner's lawyer Mohammed Nyaoga said his client is the victim of an extortion racket and will appeal. Nairobi Java House began a culture of gourmet coffee drinking nine years ago and now has eight coffee shops in the capital.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, A senior Lebanese military official said two rockets were fired toward Israel from the town of Qlaileh inside Lebanon. Israel responded with a barrage of 14 rockets. No injuries or damage were reported.
    (AP, 9/11/09)(SFC, 9/12/09, p.A2)
2009        Sep 11, Malaysian authorities seized a consignment of 10,000 copies of the Bible sent from Jakarta to Kuching in Sarawak state, because the Indonesian-language books contained the word "Allah," a translation that has been banned in this Muslim-majority country. Another 5,100 Bibles, also imported from Indonesia, were reportedly seized in March. Church officials said Allah is not exclusive to Islam but is an Arabic word that predates Islam.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Sep 11, Mexican authorities found at least $5 million hidden in a shipment of ammonium sulfate at a Pacific coast port.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, The Pakistani Military said it had arrested the Swat Taliban spokesman Muslim Khan and commanders Mahmood Khan, Fazle Ghaffar, Abdul Rehman and Sartaj Ali in the suburbs of Mingora, striking its first direct blow against the leadership of the insurgency in the one-time tourist resort.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Peru lawyer Alfredo Crespo announced the publication of a book of manuscripts written in prison by Shining Path rebel leader Abimael Guzman. On Sep 13 the justice minister asked a public prosecutor to file "apology for terrorism" charges against Crespo.
    (AP, 9/14/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Somalia mortars slammed into Mogadishu, killing three civilians and at least 12 men at a home for disabled veterans. Nearly a dozen other former soldiers were wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, In South Africa reports on gender testing on running sensation Caster Semenya has determined she has male and female sexual organs. This triggered outrage and dealt a blow to her family, who may have been unaware of the reported condition. There was worry about how the 18-year-old will handle all this. Testing determined that Semenya has internal testes, meaning the runner herself, who was raised in a poor village, may have been unaware of such a condition. The condition is generally referred to as intersexuality. The older term for someone who has both male and female organs is hermaphrodite.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, South Africa and the European Union started a summit expected to be dominated by calls from African nations for sanctions against Zimbabwe to be lifted.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, Spain's government agreed to send 220 more troops to Afghanistan, raising the total to about 1,000.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Spain Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez paid a brief courtesy call on King Juan Carlos and met briefly with PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero to discuss energy issues and Spanish investment in oil-rich Venezuela.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, Sri Lankan authorities sent home nearly 10,000 war refugees amid growing international concern for the nearly 300,000 Tamil civilians still detained in government-run camps.
    (AP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, A Taiwan court sentenced ex-president Chen Shui-bian (58) to life in jail after a corruption trial he claims was political revenge for his lifelong push to declare independence from China. The court also handed a life term to his wheelchair-bound wife Wu Shu-chen.
    (AFP, 9/11/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Uganda 3 people including a child were shot dead in rioting in Kampala. Clashes began on Sep 10 after the government prevented a representative of the traditional ruler of the Buganda kingdom from traveling to a region northeast of the capital for a political rally. The overall death toll from the unrest rose to at least 24 following deaths in hospitals.
    (AP, 9/11/09)(AP, 9/12/09)(AP, 9/14/09)(Econ, 9/19/09, p.59)
2009        Sep 11, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez returned home from a world tour. He said he has signed military agreements with Russia and is soon expecting the arrival of some "little rockets," which reach up to 186 miles (300km) and are strictly for defense purposes.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, In Vietnam the Canadian environmental firm Hatfield Consultants said new environmental tests confirm extremely high levels of dioxin, the toxic ingredient of Agent Orange, in people, fish and soil near Danang airport, a former US air base where American troops stored the herbicide during the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2010        Sep 11, In Kentucky Stanley Neace (47) stormed across several lawns in his pajamas and fired dozens of shots from a 12-gauge pump shotgun. When the rampage ended, Neace and his wife lay dead, along with the gunman's stepdaughter and three neighbors.
    (AP, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 11, American actor Kevin McCarthy (1914) died at a hospital in Cape Cod. He is best remembered for his role in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” (1956).
    (SFC, 9/13/10, p.C5)
2010        Sep 11, Afghans set fire to tires in the streets and shouted "Death to America" for a second day despite a decision by an American pastor to call off plans to burn copies of the Islamic holy book. Four protesters were wounded in Logar province. A Taliban commander who had been plotting rocket attacks on polling stations was killed in eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/11/10)(Reuters, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 11, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard unveiled her new cabinet, with Wayne Swan retaining his treasury portfolio and former climate minister Penny Wong moved to the senior finance portfolio. Former PM Kevin Rudd was named as the country’s new foreign minister, a high-profile and coveted posting that will be seen as a consolation prize for being ousted from the leadership.
    (Reuters, 9/11/10)(AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 11, China detained 9 Vietnamese fishermen near the disputed Paracel islands in the South China Sea. Vietnam demanded their immediate release without conditions, but China refused until the captain paid a fine for having explosives aboard the boat. The fisherman returned home on Oct 26 after an ordeal that included a month of detention by China and a week lost on stormy seas.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Sep 11, Congo’s President Joseph Kabila extended indefinite mining suspensions to three more provinces in the volatile east.
    (AP, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 11, In southern Egypt a barge leaked some 100 tons of gasoline into the Nile River. Captain Yasser Hussein told police that low water levels caused the boat to tilt and partially submerge  allowing the fuel to leak.
    (AP, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 11, In Finland Hossein Alizadeh (45), a senior official at the Iranian embassy, said that he has resigned from his post to join the political opposition against President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Alizadeh's mission in Finland had ended on August 20.
    (AP, 9/11/10)(AFP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 11, In Guinea at least 24 people were injured when members of rival political parties began throwing rocks at each other following a campaign event.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 11, In central Indonesia flash floods on Borneo Island killed 10 people and left 14 others missing.
    (AP, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 11, Japan launched a rocket carrying a satellite intended to improve global positioning systems.
    (AFP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 11, In Kashmir police fired warning shots and tear gas to disperse hundreds of demonstrators who attacked a police post and burned government offices, as tens of thousands of people took to the streets to protest Indian rule in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 11, In Mexico’s central state of Morelos police discovered nine bodies in clandestine graves in the same area where four more were recently found. A phone tip led authorities to a dead body in a car in a shopping center parking lot in Ciudad Juarez. Police found a bomb in a second car at the site and carried out a controlled detonation. Federal authorities announced the arrest of two Colombian brothers, Dario Emilio Valencia and Victor Espinosa Valencia,  alleged to have ties to Edgar "La Barbie" Valdez Villarreal and belonging to a group responsible for buying cocaine in Colombia and smuggling it to the United States.
    (AP, 9/12/10)
2010        Sep 11, Serbia’s war crimes prosecutors' office said it has indicted nine ex-paramilitaries over the killing of 43 ethnic Albanians during the 1998-99 Kosovo conflict. The men who served with a paramilitary unit known as The Jackals were indicted for the killing of the ethnic Albanian civilians in the Kosovo village of Cuska on May 14, 1999.
    (Reuters, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 11, In Sudan a rare three-day meeting of 30 religious and community leaders as well as local government officials from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), south Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Uganda criticized the "lack of a coordinated and comprehensive strategy" to tackle the LRA rebels.
    (AFP, 9/11/10)

2011        Sep 11, In Colorado a routine traffic stop led to the discovery of 220 pounds of cocaine with a street value of $10 million in the rental car of a California couple. Mark Bailey (37) and Lisa Calderon (35), both of Sylmar, Ca., were arrested in Pueblo on suspicion of cocaine possession.
    (Reuters, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, In NYC the 9/11 memorial “Reflecting Absence” opened with two pools in the footprint of the 2001 fallen twin towers of the World Trade Center.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.27)
2011        Sep 11, In Massachusetts Adam Hall (34), a senior member of a local Hells Angels chapter, was charged with the murders of three men, including a key witness scheduled to testify against him. The charges were announced a day after a two-week search for three Pittsfield men ended with the recovery of their bodies in the western part of the state. The men had disappeared on Aug 28 under suspicious circumstances.
    (Reuters, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, In Massachusetts Brendan Mess (25), Raffael Teken (37) and Eric Weissman (31) had their throats slit and their bodies were left with cash and marijuana placed on top of them. Authorites later said Tamerlan Tsarnaev participated in the killing, based on information provided by his friend Ibragim Todashev. Tsarnaev was killed by police in the aftermath of the April 15, 2013, Boston Marathon bombing. In May, 2013, Todashev was shot to death during questioning by FBI and Florida state police. He was shot 7 times, once in the head.
    (ABCNews, 5/22/13)(SFC, 10/24/13, p.A8)
2011        Sep 11, It was reported that 14,000 rounds of ammunition has gone missing at Fort Bragg Army base in Fayetteville, North Carolina.
    (SSFC, 9/11/11, p.A8)
2011        Sep 11, In Australia Andy Whitfield (39), who played the title role in the hit cable series "Spartacus: Blood and Sand" (2010), died in Sydney of lymphoma cancer.
    (AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, British police said they have freed 24 men believed to have been held against their will, some for more than a decade. Four men and a woman were arrested under a slavery act introduced last year after the operation involving more than 200 police officers.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(Reuters, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, In the Central African Republic clashes between rival armed groups erupted in the central town of Bria, the country's main diamond mining hub.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)
2011        Sep 11, Chileans commemorated the 38th anniversary of a military coup. Police arrested 280 people and 45 people were injured, including a teenager who is in critical condition with a bullet in his chest.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 11, Egypt's vice president reached out to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups as part of a new offer of sweeping concessions including press freedom and an eventual end to hated emergency laws.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Greece said it would impose a new property tax on top of existing austerity measures to compensate for a revenue shortfall threatening to disrupt its int’l bailout program.
    (SFC, 9/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 11, Guatemala held presidential elections. Otto Perez Molina, a former military general who softened his image as the "iron fist" to promote social programs and democracy, appeared to be the leading candidate. Preliminary results showed Otto Perez Molina of the Patriot Party with 36 percent support, followed by businessman Manuel Baldizon with 24 percent and Eduardo Suger with 16 percent. Molina and Baldizon faced a November runoff.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 11, In eastern Indonesia clashes between Muslim and Christian gangs left 5 people dead and more than a dozen injured in Ambon, Maluku province.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 9/12/11)
2011        Sep 11, Iran media reported that several Iranian banks have been targeted in one of the biggest frauds in the Islamic republic's history, losing nearly $2.6 billion in more than two years. Iran hanged a convicted drug trafficker in prison in the northwestern city of Meshkinshahr, bringing to 187 the number of executions reported in Iran so far this year.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region halted crude exports, nearly a week after it rejected a new oil and gas law approved by the central government.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Kenya police said armed men killed a British man and kidnapped his wife from a beach resort in the north near the border with lawless Somalia. Publishing executive David Tebbutt (58) was killed his wife Judith (56) was taken hostage. On Sep 19 Kenyan Ali Babitu Kololo was charged with robbery with violence and kidnapping with intention to murder in the northern coastal town of Lamu. On Sep 21 Issa Sheikh Said was also charged with robbery with violence and kidnapping with intention to murder. On July 29, 2013, Kololo was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(Reuters, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/21/11)(Reuters, 7/30/13)
2011        Sep 11, Kuwaiti youth activists called for major reforms to turn the oil-rich emirate into a constitutional monarchy, including the appointment of a premier from outside the Al-Sabah ruling family.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, In Libya NATO warplanes struck several targets in areas still loyal to fugitive leader Moammar Gadhafi. At least 12 people were killed and 16 wounded when a brigade from Gharyan and Kikla came under fire at the western town of Asabah. Many people in Asabah were Kadhafi supporters. 20 of his fighters were reported captured during the fighting. Anti-Gadhafi forces in Tripoli captured the former head of the regime's external intelligence service, Abu Zayd Dourda. Rebel fighters pushed back into Bani Walid. A convoy carrying al-Saadi Gadhafi (37), son of ousted leader Moammar Gadhafi, crossed into neighboring Niger.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Norway began 2-day local elections. The ruling Labor Party won its best local election result in more than two decades and the anti-immigrant Progress Party plummeted in support two months after attacks by a right-wing fanatic killed 77 people.
    (AP, 9/13/11)
2011        Sep 11, Pakistani intelligence officials said a suspected US missile strike killed three people in an al-Qaida and Taliban safe haven in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, Philippine army troops killed three gunmen allied with the al-Qaida-affiliated Abu Sayyaf group in a clash that also wounded a soldier on southern Basilan island.
    (AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 11, In Yemen 2 soldiers were killed and 4 wounded by a roadside bomb blast during a battle for control of Zinjibar.
    (SFC, 9/12/11, p.A2)

2012        Sep 11, A Los Angeles jury doubled its verdict against “Girls Gone Wild” founder Joe Francis ordering him to pay an additional $20 million in punitive damages to Steve Wynn for claiming the casino mogul threatened to kill him. A day earlier the jury awarded Wynn $20 million finding that Francis’ allegations had slandered Wynn. In November a judge cut the $40 million verdict by more than half.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)(SFC, 11/13/12, p.A5)
2012        Sep 11, It was reported that Stanford Dr. James Spudich (70), UCSF Dr. Ronald Vale (53) and  NY’s Columbia Dr. Michael Sheetz (65) will receive this year’s Lasker Foundation’s $250,000 award for discovering how molecular motors work inside cells.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.C3)
2012        Sep 11, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber walked into a shop in Herat province and blew himself up, killing five people.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, Australia’s federal sustainability minister announced a ban on the Abel Tasman, a huge Dutch fishing vessel, from trawling in Australia’s waters. On Sep 19 the Labor government banned the ship for 2 years.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.48)
2012        Sep 11, In Bolivia hundreds of miners were blocking 3 principal highways leading to La Paz demanding that authorities grant them control over the lucrative Colquira tin mine, rather than to a group working for a state-owned company.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 11, Chile's Supreme Court closed the book on a judicial review of Salvador Allende's 1973 death, confirming the conclusion of a lower court last December that the socialist leader committed suicide. Activists marked their own 9-11, the anniversary of the day in 1973 when Gen. Augusto Pinochet seized power in a military coup that prompted socialist President Salvador Allende to kill himself rather than surrender.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, China announced that for the first time it is allowing foreigners to apply for positions as government officials in tourism, transportation, health, commerce and information technology.
    (www.globaltimes.cn/content/732631.shtml)
2012        Sep 11, Egyptian protesters scaled the walls of the US embassy in Cairo, tore down the American flag and burned it during a protest over what they said was a film being produced in the United States that insulted Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, Japan's Cabinet formally announced that the government will purchase several disputed islands from a private Japanese family. China sent two patrol ships to the waters near the disputed islands in a show of its “undisputable sovereignty.”
    (AP, 9/11/12)(SFC, 9/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 11, In Kenya armed raiders killed four people in the southeast despite a dusk-to-dawn curfew to prevent further clashes between two tribes that have left more than 100 people dead.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In Libya US ambassador Chris Stevens died of severe asphyxiation in Benghazi. Also killed were Sean Smith (34), information management officer, Glen Doherty (42) and Tyrone Woods, security guards, died when the US Consulate in Benghazi came under attack. It was initially reported that the attack was due to a mob angry over an anti-Islam film made in the US. Sam Bacile (56), a California real estate developer who identifies himself as an Israeli Jew and who said he produced, directed and wrote the two-hour film, "Innocence of Muslims," said he had not anticipated such a furious reaction. The jihadist group Ansar al-Sharia was later blamed for the attack.
    (AP, 9/12/12)(SFC, 9/14/12, p.A2)(Econ, 9/22/12, p.56)(SFC, 11/12/13, p.A8)
2012        Sep 11, Netherlands-based Royal Philips Electronics NV, the largest maker of lights, said it plans to cut another 2,200 jobs by 2014 to save €300 million ($383 million) a year.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, Norway's government said it will create a carbon-emissions program to compensate domestic manufacturers, in the hope of dissuading them from moving their industries to countries with less stringent climate regulations.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In eastern Pakistan a fire broke out in a factory in Lahore killing 25 people when sparks from a generator hit chemicals used to make shoes. In the southern port city of Karachi 259 people were killed when a blaze broke out in a garment factory. This was one of the worst industrial accidents in Pakistan's 65-year history.
    (AP, 9/11/12)(AP, 9/12/12)(AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 11/2/12)
2012        Sep 11, Russia’s Gazprom accused the European Commission of pressuring the Russian firm into slashing gas prices for its customers soon after President Vladimir Putin signed a decree that could hinder the EU probe. Putin signed a decree barring strategic Russian enterprises from disclosing information to foreign regulators, changing contracts and selling property abroad without government permission.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In South Africa firebrand politician Julius Malema called for a national strike in all of the nation's mines, encouraging a step-up of a strike that has already halted production at several platinum and gold mines.
    (AP, 9/11/12)
2012        Sep 11, In Spain some 1.5 million protesters flooded the streets of Barcelona to demand the independence of the Catalonia region.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 11, In Turkey a suicide bomber threw a hand grenade and then blew himself up at the entrance to a police station in a suburb of Istanbul. One police officer was killed, and seven others were wounded. Police identified the bomber as a member of the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front (DHKP-C).
    (AP, 9/11/12)

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