Today in History - September 16

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1498        Sep 16, Tomas de Torquemada (b.1420) died in Avila, Spain. He was a Spanish Dominican friar and the first Grand Inquisitor in Spain's movement to restore Christianity among its populace in the late 15th century. He was one of the chief supporters of the Alhambra Decree, which expelled the Jews from Spain in 1492.
    (, 9/16/06)

1560        Sep 16, Arnaud du Tilh, who had confessed to impersonating Martin Guerre, was hanged in front of Guerre’s house in Artigat, France. In 1941 Janet Lewis (1899-1998) published "The Wife of Martin Guerre," a historical novel based on Guerre. The story was turned into an opera in 1961 with music by William Bergsma. In 1984 a French film version was released "The Return of Martin Guere." An American version, "Somersby," was made in 1993 set during the Civil War.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.C2)(

1620        Sep 16, The Pilgrims sailed from England on the Mayflower, finally settling at Plymouth, Mass. The Pilgrims were actually Separatists because they had left the Church of England. The 4 children of William Brewster, who arrived on the Mayflower, were named: Love, Wrestling, Patience, and Fear.
    (HN, 9/16/98)(SFEM, 11/15/98, p.23)(SFC, 3/20/99, p.B4)

1638        Sep 16, France's King Louis XIV, the Sun King, was born. He ruled from 1643-1715 and died in 1715.
    (WUD, 1994, p.848)(AP, 9/16/97)

1668        Sep 16, King John Casimer II of Poland abdicated the throne.
    (HN, 9/16/98)(PCh, 1992, p.241)

1736        Sep 16, Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (b.1686), Gdansk-born German physicist, died in the Netherlands. He discovered that water boils at 212F and freezes at 32F.

1747        Sep 16, The French captured Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1777        Sep 16, Nathan Rothschild (d.1836), banker, was born in Frankfurt. He was the son of Mayer Rothschild (1744-1812), who rose from the Frankfurt ghetto to become the banker to Prince William of Prussia. Nathan worked in London as a banker and invested Prussian money in the Napoleonic Wars and smuggled it to Wellington in Spain. He was the first to hear news from Waterloo and sold stock to convince other investors that the British had lost. His agents bought the stock at low prices. His 4 brothers established banks in Vienna, Naples and Paris.
    (WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(

1789        Sep 16, Jean-Paul Marat set up a new newspaper in France, L'Ami du Peuple.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1795        Sep 16, The Capitulation of Rustenburg: A Dutch garrison at the Cape of Good Hope surrendered to a British fleet under Adm. George Elphinstone.
    (EWH, 4th ed, p.884)

1810        Sep 16, Mexico began its revolt against Spanish rule. Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla delivered the cry for freedom in front of a small crowd of his parishioners (The Grito de Dolores) in Dolores Hidalgo. This action stemmed from meetings of the literary and social club of Queretaro (now a central state of Mexico), which included the priest, the mayor of the town, and a local military captain named Ignacio Allende. They believed that New Spain should be governed by the Creoles (criollos) rather than the Gachupines (peninsulares). Rev. Hidalgo was joined by Rev. Jose Maria Morelos. Both priests were later executed by firing squads. When Mexico revolted the Spanish settlements began to fall apart. Under Mexican rule the missions were secularized and the huge land holdings were broken up. At age 55, Hidalgo was a tall, gaunt man who carried his head habitually bent forward, giving him the appearance of a true contemplative. But looks were deceiving. He had a restless, willful nature, and his expressive green eyes shot fire when he argued politics. In his student days, he had won debates and honors; as a theologian he enjoyed considerable local renown. He was a visionary, resentful of authority and with a touch of the crusader about him.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,CG, p.16)(SCal, Sep, 1995)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)(AP, 9/16/97)(HNQ, 12/17/00)

1819        Sep 16, Dr. John Jeffries, who crossed the English Channel (1785) with Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard for the first time in a hydrogen balloon, died in Boston.
    (HN, 5/15/98)(HN, 1/7/99)

1834        Sep 16, The Bank of the US abandoned its policy of loan curtailment as Nicholas Biddle moved to secure a new charter from the state of Pennsylvania.
    (Panic, p.4)

1838        Sep 16, James J. Hill, railroad builder, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/00)

1859        Sep 16, In San Francisco US Senator David C. Broderick died at the Leonides Haskell house at Fort Mason, following his Sep 13 duel with David S. Terry, Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, near Lake Merced.
    (SFC, 9/7/09, p.C1)

1864        Sep 16, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest led 4,500 men out of Verona, Miss. to harass Union outposts in northern Alabama and Tennessee.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1875        Sep 16, James Cash Penny, founder and owner of the J.C. Penny Company department stores, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1885        Sep 16, Karen Horney, psychoanalyst who exposed the male bias in the Freudian analysis of women, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1887        Sep 16, Nadia Boulanger (d.1979), conductor, was born in Paris, France. She became the 1st woman to conduct Boston Symphony (1939).

1889        Sep 16, Robert Younger, in Minnesota's Stillwater Penitentiary for life, died of tuberculosis. Brothers Cole and Bob remained in that prison.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1891        Sep 16, Karl Doenitz, German Admiral who succeeded Hitler in governing Germany, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1893        Sep 16, Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, biochemist who isolated vitamin C, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/98)
1893        Sep 16, More than 100,000 settlers ("Sooners") claimed land in the Cherokee Strip during the first day of the Oklahoma land rush.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(HN, 9/16/98)

1908        Sep 16, General Motors Holding Company was formed in Flint, Mich., by William Durant.
    (AP, 9/16/08)(

1919        Sep 16, The American Legion was formally chartered by an act of Congress.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

1920        Sep 16, A bomb exploded in front of the Morgan building at 23 Wall St. in NYC at noon on a busy Thursday. 30 people were immediately killed and 8 soon died from their wounds. A 16-foot stretch of the Tennessee-marble façade with pockmarks of the blast was retained as a memorial.  Investigators believed the bombing was carried out by Galleanists (Italian anarchists), a group responsible for a series of bombings the previous year. Ron Chernow described the incident in his book "The House of Morgan." No one was charged but Prof. Paul Avrich, in his book "Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background," later held that Mario Buda, an Italian immigrant, was the culprit.
    (, 12/10/98, p.B1)(SFC, 9/22/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.E4)(WSJ, 8/18/07, p.P8)

1922        Sep 16, Rev. Edward Wheeler Hall and his mistress, choir member Eleanor Mills, were found shot to death in a New Jersey apple orchard. Hall’s wife and her 2 brothers were indicted for the murder, but they were acquitted at trial. In 1964 William Kunstler authored “The Minister and the Choir Singer, “an account of the double murder and trial.
    (WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)

1925        Sep 16, Charlie Byrd, jazz guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/00)
1925        Sep 16, Blues musician B.B. King ("Blues Boy") was born in Mississippi. In the mid-1950s, while King was performing in Twist, Arkansas, some audience members got into a fight over a woman named Lucille. They knocked over a kerosene stove and set the place on fire. Everybody ran outside...but when King realized he left his guitar inside, he rushed back to retrieve it. From then on, King named all his guitars "Lucille."

1926        Sep 16, John Knowles, writer, was born. His work included “A Separate Peace."
    (HN, 9/16/00)

1929        Sep 16, Boston Mayor Nichols banned the performance of Eugene O'Neill play "Strange Interlude" on the grounds that it was obscene. The play had never been banned anywhere, and many Bostonians wanted to see it, but the mayor would not change his mind. The mayor of neighboring Quincy, Mass., allowed the play to be performed there on September 30th, and it played to sold-out crowds for a month. This was later among events covered in the book “Censorship of the American Theatre in the 20th Century" (2003).

1931        Sep 16, Omar Mukhtar (b.1862), Libyan hero, was hanged by Italian authorities in the concentration camp of Solluqon. From 1912 he had led an insurrection against Italian invaders.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.101)(

1934        Sep 16, Anti-Nazi Lutherans staged a protest in Munich.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1940        Sep 16, President Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training and Service Act, which set up the first peacetime military draft in U.S. history.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(HN, 9/16/98)
1940        Sep 16, Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas was elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.
    (AP, 9/16/97)
1940        Sep 16, The Luftwaffe bombed the Bristol Aeroplane Company.

1942        Sep 16, The Japanese base at Kiska in the Aleutian Islands was raided by American bombers.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1945        Sep 16, Japan surrendered Hong Kong to Britain.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1950        Sep 16, Henry Louis Gates Jr., critic and scholar, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/00)
1950        Sep 16, The U.S. 8th Army broke out of the Pusan Perimeter in South Korea and began heading north to meet MacArthur's troops heading south from Inchon.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1953        Sep 16, "The Robe," the first movie filmed in the widescreen process CinemaScope, had its world premiere at the Roxy Theater in New York.
    (AP, 9/16/98)

1957        Sep 16, Qi Baishi (b.1864), Chinese artist, died in Beijing. In 2011 one of his ink paintings was auctioned for $65 million.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.82)(

1963        Sep 16, The science-fiction anthology series "The Outer Limits" premiered on ABC.
    (AP, 9/16/98)
1963        Sep 16, The Federation of Malaysia was formally established. Sabak (Sabah) and Sarawak, Britain’s colonies on Borneo, joined the Malayan peninsula to form Malaysia with Tunku Abdul Rahman (60) as prime minister. The federation formed under bitter opposition from Indonesia, which refused to recognize the country and waged a guerrilla war against it. Race riots erupted between ethnic Malays and the Chinese majority.
    (PC, 1992, p.988)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.C10)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.60)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.39)

1964        Sep 16-1964 Oct 20, French Pres. Charles de Gaulle visited South America with stops in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brasil. He was the 1st head of state from outside Latin America to visit Paraguay.
    (, 10/1/05, p.36)

1965        Sep 16, "The Dean Martin Show" premiered on NBC.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

1966        Sep 16, The Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
    (AP, 9/16/97)

1967        Sep 16, The TV series "Mannix," starring Mike Connors, premiered on CBS.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

1968        Sep 16, Republican presidential nominee Richard Nixon exclaimed, "Sock it to ME?" in a taped bit for the NBC-TV comedy program "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In."
    (AP, 9/16/08)

1969        Sep 16, President Nixon ordered the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam and reduced the number required to be drafted.

1970        Sep 16, The American TV show "McCloud" was released. It starred Dennis Weaver (1924-2006) and was written and produced by Leslie Stevens (d.1998). The series continued to 1977.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.C2)(
1970        Sep 16, The Black September conflict began when King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule in response to a fedayeen coup d’état to seize his kingdom. This resulted in the deaths or expulsion of thousands of Palestinians from Jordan.

1972        Sep 16, "The Bob Newhart Show" premiered on CBS and ended in 1978. Suzanne Pleshette (1937-2008) played Bob Newhart’s wife.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A2)
1972        Sep 16, Marine sergeant William Miller was shot and killed near Camp Lejeune, NC. In 2009 three people faced murder charges after prosecutors alleged that the murder was the result of a love triangle centered around Miller’s ex-wife, Vickie Babbitt. Fellow ex-Marine George Hayden (57), who married Babbit after Miller’s death, was alleged to have shot Miller. Ex-Marine Rodger Gill (56) was alleged to have witnessed the murder.
    (SFC, 12/31/09, p.A7)
1972        Sep 16, South Vietnamese troops recaptured Quang Tri province in South Vietnam from the North Vietnamese Army.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1973        Sep 16, Victor Jara (b.1932), one of the best-known members of Latin America's "New Song" folk movement, died. He had been arrested after the Chilean military coup that overthrew Allende and taken to a soccer stadium used as a detention camp. Court papers indicate Jara was tortured, his hands smashed with rifle butts, and then was shot to death along with former prison service director Littre Quiroga. In 2008 a court charged retired Col. Mario Manriquez in the case, saying he was "responsible" for the death. In 2009 Jara’s body was exhumed for a proper autopsy. Army draftee, Jose Paredes, later described the murder and named the officers he said were responsible. Paredes told interrogators that a lieutenant known as "El Loco," the Crazy One, held Jara against a dressing room wall and played Russian roulette until a bullet blasted through the singer's skull. In 2012 eight retired army officers were charged in Jara’s slaying. On Sep 5, 2013, a civil suit accused Lt. Pedro Barrientos Nunez of ordering torture and firing the fatal shot that killed Jara. In 2014 three more people were charged in the murder of Jara.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(, 11/26/09)(SFC, 12/29/12, p.A2)(SFC, 9/6/13, p.A5)(SFC, 9/4/14, p.A2)

1974        Sep 16, President Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft-evaders. Limited amnesty was offered to Vietnam-era draft resisters who would now swear allegiance to the United States and perform two years of public service.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(HN, 9/16/98)

1975        Sep 16, Administrators for Rhodes Scholarships announced the decision to begin offering fellowships to women.
    (HN, 9/16/98)
1975        Sep 16, Papua New Guinea (PNG), a former Australian colony, became independent.
    (WSJ, 12/20/96, p.B8)(WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A14)

1976        Sep 16, Secretary of state Henry Kissinger sent a cable canceling a US warning against carrying out international political assassinations that was to have gone to Chile and two neighboring nations just days before a former ambassador was killed by Chilean agents on Washington's Embassy Row. The document was not made public until 2010.
    (AP, 4/10/10)
1976        Sep 16, The Episcopal Church, at its General Convention in Minneapolis, formally approved the ordination of women as priests and bishops.
    (AP, 9/16/01)

1977        Sep 16, Maria Callas, “our century’s greatest singer," the American-born prima donna famed for her lyric soprano and fiery temperament, died in Paris at age 53.
    (SFC, 8/8/97, p.D1)(AP, 9/16/97)

1978        Sep 16, The Grateful Dead performed at the Great Pyramid of Giza. Hanza El Din (1930-2006), Nubian oud virtuoso, first played with the Grateful Dead.
    (SFC, 5/26/06, p.B9)(
1978        Sep 16, In northeast Iran a magnitude 7.7 earthquake killed some 25,000 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 6/22/02)

1979        Sep 16, In Wisconsin the Madison Press Connection published a detailed explanation of how to build a hydrogen bomb in an article written by Charles Hansen (1947-2003) of Mountain View, Ca. In 1988 Hansen published "U.S. Nuclear Weapons: The Secret History."
    (SFC, 9/17/04, p.F4)(
1979        Sep 16, Hafizullah Amin took the presidency of Afghanistan following the killing of Nur Muhammad Taraki. Amin was later executed and replaced with Babrak Karmal.

1980        Sep 16, Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist, theorist and educator, died at 84.

1981        Sep 16, Pres. Reagan announced his intention to appoint Edgar Callahan (d.2009 at 80) as chairman of the National Credit Union Administration, making him the highest-ranking credit union regulator in the country. Callahan, former director the Department of Financial Institutions in Illinois, stepped down in 1987 after guiding the industry into deregulation.
    (SFC, 4/3/09, p.B5)(

1982        Sep 16-1982 Sep 18, The massacre of some 1,500 Palestinian men, women and children by Lebanese Christian militiamen began in west Beirut's Sabra and Chatilla (Shatilla) refugee camps. Elie Hobeika (d.2002), Christian militia chieftain, led the massacre of Palestinian refugees in the camps. Israel’s defense minister, Ariel Sharon, was held responsible and lost his top post. The massacre triggered peace rallies in Israel with some 400,000 demonstrating in Tel Aviv. In 2001 survivors lodged a complaint in Belgium against Sharon.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(SFC, 6/19/01, p.A8)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A10)

1987        Sep 16, Pope John Paul II visited San Francisco and drew the largest protests of his US tour as homosexuals, feminists and Jews protested outside Mission Dolores Basilica.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, DB p.46)
1987        Sep 16, In Canada an international convention met in Montreal and negotiators from 23 of the world’s major industrial nations signed a treaty to slow down global chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs) production in order to restore atmospheric ozone. The Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth's ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000, was amended in 1990 and 1992. By 1997 156 nations had signed the Montreal Protocol.
    (NOHY, W3/90, p.47)(SFC, 5/31/96, A1,17)(SFEC, 6/15/97, BR p.4)(AP, 9/16/97)

1988        Sep 16, Hurricane Gilbert slammed into the Mexico coast for the second time in three days, its center sweeping ashore north of La Pesca, 120 miles south of Brownsville, Texas.
    (AP, 9/16/98)

1989        Sep 16, Debbye Turner of Missouri was crowned Miss America at the pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.
    (AP, 9/16/99)

1990        Sep 16, Iraqi television broadcast an eight-minute videotaped address by President Bush, who warned the Iraqi people that Saddam Hussein’s brinkmanship could plunge them into war “against the world."
    (AP, 9/16/00)

1991        Sep 16, A federal judge in Washington dismissed all Iran-Contra charges against Oliver North.
    (AP, 9/16/01)
1991        Sep 16, Confirmation hearings began on the nomination of Robert Gates to head the CIA.
    (AP, 9/16/01)
1991        Sep 16, Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas concluded five days of testimony at his confirmation hearing.
    (AP, 9/16/01)

1992        Sep 16, A proposed debate between President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton was canceled after the Bush campaign's refusal to negotiate with a bipartisan commission.
    (AP, 9/16/97)
1992        Sep 16, Former U.S. Rep. Millicent Fenwick, R-N.J., died at age 82.
    (AP, 9/16/97)
1992        Sep 16, Britain under John Major devalued the pound and the economy soared. The day became known as “Black Wednesday." George Soros pocketed $2 billion on his short sale of $10 billion. The event is documented in Robert Slater's Soros: "The Life, Times and Trading Secrets of the World's Greatest Investor." Britain’s Conservative government was forced to withdraw the Pound from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) due to pressure by currency speculators.
    (, 10/16/98, p.A1)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.62)

1993        Sep 16, A judge in Berlin convicted three elderly former Communist leaders in the shooting deaths of East Germans who had tried to scale the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 9/16/98)

1994        Sep 16, A federal jury ordered Exxon Corp. to pay $5.3 billion in punitive damages to commercial fishermen and others harmed in the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska. A US Court of Appeals threw out the punitive damages in 2001.
    (AP, 9/16/99)(SFC, 3/27/99, p.A7)(SFC, 11/8/01, p.A17)
1994        Sep 16, Two astronauts from the space shuttle Discovery went on the first untethered spacewalk in 10 years.
    (AP, 9/16/99)

1995        Sep 16, Shawntel Smith of Oklahoma was crowned “Miss America" at the pageant in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
    (AP, 9/16/00)
1995        Sep 16, President Clinton voiced support for a Senate welfare overhaul plan sponsored by Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole.
    (AP, 9/16/00)

1996        Sep 16, President Clinton claimed the endorsement of the nation's largest police organization, the Fraternal Order of Police, in his bid for re-election.
    (AP, 9/16/97)
1996        Sep 16, Chicago and Paris signed a sister-city pact.
    (SFC, 9/27/96, p.A17)
1996        Sep 16, Space shuttle Atlantis blasted off more than six weeks late on a mission to pick up NASA astronaut Shannon Lucid, aloft since last March, from the Russian space station Mir.
    (SFC, 9/17/96, p.A4)(AP, 9/16/97)   
1996        Sep 16, Former US national security adviser McGeorge Bundy died in Boston at age 77.
    (AP, 9/16/97)
1996        Sep 16, Kuwait agreed to allow the US to send 3,300 troops to its soil over the confrontation with Iraq.
    (SFC, 9/17/96, p.A10)

1997        Sep 16, Attorney General Janet Reno named Charles La Bella the Justice Department's new lead prosecutor in the campaign fund-raising investigation.
    (AP, 9/16/98)
1997        Sep 16, Two Air national Guard F-16 fighters collided off Atlantic City, N.J. All the crew members survived.
    (SFC, 9/17/97, p.A2)
1997        Sep 16, In Egypt a state-owned farm-truck carrying up to 120 boys and girls overturned and killed 29 of them.
    (SFC, 9/17/97, p.C4)

1998        Sep 16, In his first news conference since the release of Kenneth Starr's graphic report, President Clinton said he'd told "the essential truth" about his affair with Monica Lewinsky; as for whether he might resign, Clinton responded that Americans "want me to go on."
    (AP, 9/16/99)
1998        Sep 16, House Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde, responding to a report in an Internet publication, Salon Magazine, admitted to "indiscretions" with a woman in the 1960s at a time when both were married.
    (AP, 9/16/99)
1998        Sep 16, The first photos of Phobos from the Mars Global Surveyor were reported. Its diameter is 16 miles at the equator and 11 miles pole to pole. Deimos measured 7 miles in diameter.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A9)
1998        Sep 16, Algeria was rebuked for abuses by its security forces by a UN report. Amnesty Int’l. called the report a whitewash.
    (WSJ, 9/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 16, In Bosnia early results from weekend elections indicated that hard-line nationalists led with 60% of the votes counted.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.A12)
1998        Sep 16, The UN announced that the treaty to eliminate anti-personnel land mines will take effect in 6 months. Burkino Faso became the 40th country to ratify the pact.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.C4)
1998        Sep 16, In Germany Mamduh Mahmud Salim, an alleged terrorist associated with Osama bin Laden, was arrested.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)
1998        Sep 16, From Norway it was reported that Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik (51), too depressed to work, was on sick leave. Plunging oil prices, surging interest rates and political bickering forced him to leave almost 2 weeks ago.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A22)
1998        Sep 16, In Russia the ruble fell to 14-16 to the dollar in street trading. Two more economic moderates were brought into the new cabinet.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.A12)
1998        Sep 16, Serb forces in Kosovo attacked 12 villages between Mitrovica and Podujevo, 20 miles north of Pristina.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.A15)
1998        Sep 16, In Spain the Basque separatist ETA announced an indefinite cease fire to begin Sep 18.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.C4)

1999        Sep 16, Bill Gates announced a $1 billion program to fund minority scholarships under a 20-year Gates Millennium Scholars program.
    (USAT, 9/17/99, p.2B)
1999        Sep 16, The White House said it would allow US firms to export computer encryption technology.
    (SFC, 9/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 16, The US Senate approved legislation to double the salary of the president to $400,000 in 2001 and a 3.4% cost of living to members of Congress.
    (USAT, 9/17/99, p.14A)
1999        Sep 16, Missouri passed a late-term abortion law with an override over Gov. Mel Carnahan's veto. A Federal judge put the law on hold the next day.
    (SFC, 9/18/99, p.A3)
1999        Sep 16, Hurricane “Floyd" hit the Carolinas and began making its way up the East Coast, damaging 12,000 homes and claiming more than 50 lives even after it weakened to a tropical storm.
    (AP, 9/16/00)
1999        Sep 16, In Hong Kong typhoon York left one man dead and 466 injured.
    (USAT, 9/17/99, p.13A)
1999        Sep 16, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin ordered the Dagestan border sealed against the 1,500 Chechen militants massed there. Moscow police reported the discovery of a cache of 3.5 metric tons of explosive powder hidden among sacks of sugar from southern Russia. In southern Russia, an explosion described by authorities as the fourth massive terrorist attack in two weeks demolished an apartment building, killing at least 18 people.
    (WSJ, 9/17/99, p.A1,13)(AP, 9/16/00)
1999        Sep 16, In Venezuela a Colombian delegation met with the largest guerrilla group to revive peace talks.
    (WSJ, 9/17/99, p.A1)

2000        Sep 16, Campaign aides for Democrat Al Gore and Republican George W. Bush agreed on a series of three debates.
    (AP, 9/16/01)
2000        Sep 16, American Nancy Johnson captured the first gold medal of the Sydney Olympics, winning the women's 10-meter air rifle.
    (AP, 9/16/01)
2000        Sep 16, In Peru Pres. Fujimori, engulfed in a bribery scandal, announced that he would call an immediate general election and not seek office. He also decided to deactivate the National Intelligence Service.
    (SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A11)
2000        Sep 16, In the Philippines the military under orders from Pres. Estrada staged a surprise attack on Abu Sayyaf rebels on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A1)(SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A2)
2000        Sep 16, Hrihori Gongadze (31), journalist, disappeared in Kiev. He was an outspoken critic of the government and of high-level corruption. A beheaded body, believed to be his, was found in Nov. Gongadze was the founder of the Internet news site Ukrainian Truth. In 2001 the government announced that he was killed by criminals who were also murdered and that the killings had nothing to do with politics. Suspects in the murder were arrested in 2005. In 2005 a commission investigating the kidnapping and killing of Gongadze accused parliament's Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn of instigating the slaying. Findings stemmed from recordings in which voices resembling those of Lytvyn, former President Leonid Kuchma and other officials are heard allegedly conspiring against Gongadze. The trial of three former police officers charged with killing Gongadze opened in 2006. In 2008 a court in Kiev jailed three former police officers for between 12 and 13 years for the murder of Ukrainian journalist Georgy Gongadze. In 2009 National Security Service agents arrested the fourth suspect, Olexiy Pukach, who was working as the chief of the Interior Ministry's surveillance department at the time of the killing.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)(SFC, 12/14/00, p.C4)(SFC, 5/16/01, p.D14)(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A3)(AP, 9/21/05)(AP, 1/10/06)(AFP, 3/15/08)(AP, 7/22/09)

2001        Sep 16, President George W. Bush pledged a crusade against terrorists, saying there was "no question" Osama bin Laden was the "prime suspect" in the Sept. 11 attack. US officials warned that the new war on terrorism will be a long, often secret and a “dirty" contest.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 9/16/02)
2001        Sep 16, Eight cross-country runners from the University of Wyoming were killed when their sport utility vehicle collided head-on with a pickup truck that had swerved into their lane.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2001        Sep 16, Samuel Z. Arkoff (83), movie producer died in Burbank, Calif.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2001        Sep 16, Israeli forces invaded Palestinian territory at Ramallah. One Israeli soldier and 1 Palestinian security officer were killed. Many people were wounded.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)
2001        Sep 16, Pakistan told Afghanistan to surrender Osama bin Laden within 3 days or face almost certain military action.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A8)
2001        Sep 16, A Russian module docked with space station Alpha 2 days after its launch from Kazakstan.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)
2001        Sep 16, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels in about 20 boats attacked a ship with 1,200 Sri Lankan soldiers and killed at least 11. 12 soldiers were missing and 15 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)

2002        Sep 16, In Argentina a bus filled with Catholic pilgrims fell into a deep gorge some 50 miles from Catamarca, killing 38 and injuring 27.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2002        Sep 16, In Chechnya a land mine planted at a busy intersection in the capital Grozny exploded as a passenger bus drove by, and 19 people were killed and 20 others wounded. 3 suspects in the blast were detained.
    (AP, 9/16/02)(AP, 9/17/02)
2002        Sep 16, European political and business officials gathered for a two-day summit on the lagging economy and the last snags to expanding the European Union into eastern Europe.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2002        Sep 16, Indian-ruled Kashmir ended the first stage of state assembly elections against a backdrop of violence and in the shadow of a tense confrontation between nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Indian troops killed 9 suspected Islamic rebels in a border sweep hours before the elections. A 44% turnout was reported.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A10)
2002        Sep 16, Iraq said it would allow UN weapons inspectors unconditional access to suspected weapons sites. Naji Sabri, Iraq's minister of foreign affairs, addressed the letter to UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan. The inspection commission, headed by Hans Blix, is responsible for overseeing the destruction of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons and the long-range missiles to deliver them. Core staff: 63 people from 17 nations.
    (SFC, 9/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/18/02)
2002        Sep 16, In Lagos, Nigeria, an accidental factory fire complex fire left at least 15 dead. Thousands of rioters soon burned and looted the factory. 45 bodies were later recovered.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 16, In Singapore authorities announced the arrests of 21 men they identified as members of an extremist Islamic organization. The men were initially detained in August and linked to Riduan Isamuddin, an Indonesian militant.
    (SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 9/20/02, p.A14)
2002        Sep 16, Sri Lanka's government and Tamil Tiger rebels began peace talks brokered by Norway in Thailand.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(SFC, 9/16/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 16, In Ukraine, some 15,000 demonstrators marched in Kiev and tens of thousands of others gathered in public squares around the country, demanding that President Leonid Kuchma resign or call new elections.
    (AP, 9/16/02)

2003        Sep 16, The US vetoed a UN resolution demanding that Israel not harm or expel Arafat.
    (WSJ, 9/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 16, North Carolina (D) Sen. John Edwards (50) entered the US presidential race.
    (SFC, 9/17/03, p.A6)
2003        Sep 16, Actor-singer Sheb Wooley (82) died in Nashville, Tenn.
    (AP, 9/16/04)
2003        Sep 16, Mohammed Abdel Qader and his brother were summoned to a Cairo police station by Captain Ashraf Safwat. Abdel Qader died five days later and an autopsy gave torture by electric shock combined with a weak heart as the cause of death.
    (AFP, 2/1/07)
2003        Sep 16, Guinea-Bissau's army chief of staff who overthrew the West African nation's president has won an agreement from political leaders to have presidential powers until new elections are held.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 16, In Indonesia escalating fighting in resource-rich Aceh province left at least 22 suspected separatist rebels and one Indonesian soldier dead.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2003        Sep 16, Baha Mousa (26), an Iraqi hotel receptionist, died after being beaten at a British military camp in Basra. An autopsy said he died of asphyxia, caused by a stress position that soldiers forced him to maintain. He was arrested, along with nine other Iraqis, at the Haitham Hotel in Basra 2 days earlier by members of the 1st Battalion The Queen's Lancashire Regiment (QLR). In 2006 Corp. Donald Payne pleaded guilty to a charge of inhumane treatment of Iraqi civilians, but denied manslaughter. Payne, who became Britain's first convicted war criminal, was dismissed by the army and jailed for a year over the killing. In 2008 the British Ministry of Defense agreed to pay just under $6 million to the family of Mousa and 9 others who suffered injuries while in the custody of British forces. In 2009 Britain opened a public inquiry into the case and Britain's military apologized for its treatment of Mousa. On Sep 8, 2011, an inquiry concluded that British soldiers beat Mousa to death in an act of unjustified violence that left a "very great stain" on Britain's armed forces.
    (, 9/23/06, p.66)(AP, 7/10/08)(AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 9/21/09)(Reuters, 9/8/11)
2003        Sep 16, Italian consumer groups asked for a boycott on virtually all products and services to protest price hikes.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 16, In western Japan a man reportedly involved in a pay dispute set off an explosion that killed himself, a hostage and a police officer in an office building.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 16, It was reported that scientists in Japan have transformed mouse stem cells into sperm cells.
    (SFC, 9/16/03, p.A6)
2003        Sep 16, The UN turned over responsibility for security in East Timor's second largest city to the country's fledgling police force.
    (AP, 9/16/03)

2004        Sep 16, The National Hockey League lockout went into effect.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2004        Sep 16, Hurricane Ivan slammed ashore in Alabama with winds of 130 mph, packing deadly tornadoes and powerful waves and rain that threatened to swamp communities from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle. Ivan was blamed for at least 115 deaths, 43 in the US.
    (SFC, 9/17/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/16/05)
2004        Sep 16, Waves from Hurricane Ivan triggered an underwater mudslide that toppled a Taylor Energy Company oil platform and buried 28 wells under sediment 10 miles off the coast of Louisiana. By 2015 it was estimated that some 300,000 to 1.4 million gallons of oil had spilled from the site.
     (SFC, 4/17/15, p.A6)
2004        Sep 16, Gunmen abducted two Americans and a Briton, Kenneth Bigley (62), in a brazen attack on a house in an upscale Baghdad neighborhood. The US military said it killed 60 in Fallujah and Ramadi strikes. The number of foreigners kidnapped during the Iraq insurgency reached at least 100. All 3 were beheaded. Bigley’s decapitation was confirmed on Oct 10, 2004.
    (AP, 9/16/04)(WSJ, 9/17/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/16/05)(AP, 4/22/06)
2004        Sep 16, In Nigeria an oil pipeline exploded near Lagos as thieves tried to siphon oil from it, sparking a fire that killed at least 30 people.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2004        Sep 16, Taiwan celebrated the opening of what officials called the world's fifth-longest road tunnel. The 12.9-kilometre Hsueh Mountain tunnel was part of the newly built 55-kilometer Taipei-Ilan Expressway, which runs through mountains and river valleys in northeastern Taiwan.
    (AP, 9/16/04)

2005        Sep 16, President Bush ruled out raising taxes to pay the massive costs of Gulf Coast reconstruction in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, saying other government spending had to be cut to pay for the recovery effort.
    (AP, 9/16/06)
2005        Sep 16, The Univ. of Michigan’s preliminary index of US consumer sentiment fell to 76.9 from 89.1 last month.
    (SFC, 9/17/05, p.C1)
2005        Sep 16, Gordon Gould (d.2005), laser pioneer, died. In 1957 as a Columbia Univ. doctoral student, Gould came up with a process for concentrating visible light as opposed to microwaves of a maser. He was the 1st to use the term laser.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, TQ p.28)(WSJ, 9/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 16, In London the Property Derivatives Interest Group (PDIG) was launched. It aimed to spread information on using property derivatives to buy and sell exposure to the property market without having to buy or sell the actual property.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.78)
2005        Sep 16, In Brazil federal prosecutors charged six men accused of stealing $70 million from Brazil's Central Bank last August in one of the world's biggest bank robberies. 3 men were arrested shortly after the robbery, and another 3 were still at large.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 16, Mike Tyson arrived in Chechnya to open a boxing match.
    (WSJ, 9/17/05, p.W12)
2005        Sep 16, It was reported that a mutating strain of stem rust fungus, dubbed Ug99, was spreading across East Africa and threatened crops worldwide. It was 1st discovered in Ugandan wheat crops in 1999.
    (SFC, 9/17/05, p.B8)
2005        Sep 16, The French civil aviation authority DGAC said it has banned flights by Cameroon Airlines for an indefinite period, citing safety concerns.
    (AFP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, The Greek government said it would give cash bonuses to Greek mothers who have more than two babies, in an effort to boost the country's birth rate as the population ages.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, In Haiti investigative Judge Cluny P. Jules decided that former PM Yvon Neptune and 29 others should stand trial for the February 2004 massacre in the western town of St. Marc. A list of calls from Neptune's cell phone showed that he had spoken for at least 350 minutes with the alleged perpetrators of the killings from Feb. 7 to Feb 13, when the killings were either being organized or taking place at St. Marc.
    (AP, 9/21/05)
2005        Sep 16, India's government ordered the state railway to accomplish the seemingly impossible: revamp the network, one of the world's largest, and get rid of the bugs, rats, filth and surly workers.
    (AP, 9/19/05)
2005        Sep 16, Indonesia's ailing airline PT Garuda Indonesia said it signed a $2 billion deal with aircraft manufacturer Boeing Co. to upgrade the company's fleet.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, A suicide car bomber struck as worshippers were leaving a Shiite mosque in the northern Iraqi town of Tuz Khormato killing 11 people. Militants killed at least 14 more people across the country as the Sunni-dominated insurgency pressed its "all-out war" to destabilize the country.
    (AP, 9/16/05)(SFC, 9/17/05, p.A3)
2005        Sep 16, In Iraq 3 US soldiers were killed near Baghdad.
    (SFC, 9/20/05, p.A14)
2005        Sep 16, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon met with Jordan's King Abdullah II, their first talks in months and a further sign of warming relations between the Jewish state and the Arab world after Israel's Gaza withdrawal.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, Premier Silvio Berlusconi declared Italy's mission in Iraq "an absolute and total" success, and said Italy would continue to reduce its military presence there.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, Italian officials said they have captured Paolo Di Lauro (52), an alleged top boss of the Camorra crime syndicate, dealing what they said was a serious blow to organized crime in the Naples area.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, In Osaka Susumu Kitagawa (58), convicted of robbing, raping and killing two women in the 1980s, was executed. This was Japan's first hanging of the year. His execution left 74 people on death row in Japan.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, In Lebanon a powerful bomb exploded in a Christian neighborhood of eastern Beirut, killing at least one person and wounding 23.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, The Lithuanian government denied Moscow's requests to hand over a Russian pilot whose fighter jet crashed in the NATO member's territory after violating its airspace, saying it must first complete an investigation.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, The Volcano of Fire in western Mexico blasted ash and gas three miles high, with an explosion that was heard in villages 10 miles from the crater.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, In Nepal police arrested 87 journalists as they gathered in Kathmandu to protest media restrictions while thousands of pro-democracy activists demonstrated elsewhere in the city to demand an end to absolute royal rule. About 200 of those protesters were also arrested.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, North Korea announced the introduction of the Stalinist country's first credit card, but just how it would work was unclear.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, South Korea and North and South Korea pledged to work to ensure peace and reduce military tensions on their divided peninsula.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, Thousands of Palestinians broke through Egyptian and Palestinian Authority lines on the Gaza border, pouring into Egypt in defiance of government attempts to secure the frontier.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, A cargo steamer overturned and sank in the Russian far northern river port of Dudinka. The steamer, licensed for 33 tons, was carrying 92 tons of fruit and vegetables. It was not licensed to carry passengers, but up to 10 people aside from the 5-man crew could have been aboard.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, UN Sec.-Gen. Kofi Annan announced that a group of six US-based foundations is committing $200 million over five years to support universities in 7 African countries (Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda) including a project to significantly improve Internet access. The Rockefeller, Carnegie, Ford and MacArthur foundations were extending their involvement in an earlier project, while the Andrew W. Mellon and William and Flora Hewlett Foundations began participating for the first time.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, The UN said the hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica has grown to near record size this year, suggesting 20 years of pollution controls have so far had little effect.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 16, A 3-day UN summit, billed as the largest gathering of world leaders in history, ended and achieved far less than U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan had hoped. The final document represented the lowest common denominator that all 151 member states could agree on after months of negotiations.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 16, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said he has documentary evidence that the United States plans to invade his country. Chavez, interviewed on ABC's "Nightline," said the plan is called "Balboa" and involves aircraft carriers and planes.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 16, Zimbabwe's Pres. Mugabe said that his government will take a stake in privately operated mining enterprises, but he does not intend to nationalize the industry as he has commercial farmland.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2006        Sep 16, In SF Zachary Roche-Balsam (19) was killed when he tried to stop a robbery of 2 women after a party in the Ingleside Heights neighborhood. In 2007 police arrested and charged Vernon Anderson Jr. (21) with the murder.
    (SFC, 4/11/07, p.B2)
2006        Sep 16, Thousands of US-led coalition and Afghan troops launched Mountain Fury, a large-scale anti-Taliban operation in five Afghan provinces. A bomb blast south of Kabul killed three Afghan aid workers and wounded another.
    (AP, 9/16/06)(SSFC, 9/17/06, p.A5)
2006        Sep 16, In Cuba representatives of 118 Nonaligned Movement nations condemned Israel's attacks on Lebanon and supported a peaceful resolution to the US-Iran nuclear dispute in the final declaration.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 16, Fouad el-Mohandes (82), one of Egypt's most beloved comedians, died in Cairo. His plays and movies made over a half century brought him fans across the Arab world.
    (AP, 9/16/06)
2006        Sep 16, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki launched a fresh peace bid and the US pledged more troops to help restore stability in the Iraqi capital. At least eight people were killed in rebel attacks.  Police recovered 48 bodies from across Baghdad. Most were those of young men who had been tortured, blindfolded, handcuffed and shot several times. Iraqi police uncovered a large munitions cache stored in the southern town of Ad Dayr.
    (AP, 9/16/06)(SSFC, 9/17/06, p.A23)(AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 16, Ivory Coast named a new Cabinet, replacing the ministers of transport and environment but reappointing most others, after a toxic waste dumping scandal prompted the resignation of the entire 32-member body last week.
    (AP, 9/16/06)
2006        Sep 16, In Mexico hundreds of thousands of supporters of leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador elected him the leader of a "parallel government" opposed to President-elect Felipe Calderon's administration. Mexico extradited accused drug kingpin Francisco Rafael Arellano Felix to the US, making him the first major Mexican drug lord to be sent north to face trial on drug charges. He later pleaded guilty to federal charges of selling cocaine in a San Diego motel. Hurricane Lane, a Category 3 storm, battered Mazatlan.
    (SFC, 9/18/06, p.A7)(AP, 9/17/07)
 2006        Sep 16, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and Indian PM Manmohan Singh held "historic" talks on the disputed Kashmir region, on the sidelines of a developing-world summit in Havana. They also agreed to restart peace talks suspended since train bombings killed more than 200 people in Mumbai in July.
    (AFP, 9/16/06)(AP, 9/16/06)
2006        Sep 16, Leaders across the Muslim world demanded Pope Benedict XVI apologize for his remarks on Islam and jihad. The Vatican said Pope Benedict XVI "sincerely" regretted offending Muslims with his reference to an obscure medieval text characterizing some of the teachings of Islam's founder as "evil and inhuman," but the statement stopped short of the apology demanded by Islamic leaders. Two West Bank Christian churches were hit by firebombs, and a group claiming responsibility said it was protesting Pope Benedict XVI's remarks about Islam.
    (AP, 9/16/06)(AP, 9/16/07)
2006        Sep 16, In Singapore top finance chiefs stepped up pressure on China to relax its grip on its currency, warning that trade imbalances threaten a flourishing global economy. G7 finance ministers and central bank governors also called for a resumption of global free trade talks and a revamp of the IMF, saying China should be given a louder voice but must also fulfill its broader economic responsibilities.
    (AFP, 9/16/06)
2006        Sep 16, Sten Andersson (b.1923), a leading figure in Sweden's governing Social Democratic Party and one-time mediator in the Middle East peace process, died. As foreign minister from 1985 to 1991, Andersson helped start a dialogue between the Palestine Liberation Organization and the US.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 16, In southern Thailand bomb blasts killed four people including a Canadian (29), who became the first Westerner to die in the two-year Muslim insurgency. At least five bombs exploded: two in department stories; two in front of a bar and a parking lot at the Odean Shopping Mall; and a fifth at a nearby massage parlor in Songkhla province's Hat Yai city.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 16, Togo's Pres. Faure Gnassingbe named Yawovi Agboyibo (63), an opposition party leader, as prime minister, bringing the nation one step closer to long-delayed parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 16, In Yemen 4 suspected al-Qaida members who were plotting attacks in San’a were arrested.
    (AP, 9/17/06)

2007        Sep 16, The 59th Primetime Emmy Awards were held in Los Angeles. NBC won 7 awards, HBO and ABC both won 6. “The Sopranos" won for the best drama series and “30 Rock" won for the best comedy series.
    (AP, 9/17/07)(SFC, 9/17/07, p.E1)
2007        Sep 16, The Phoenix Mercury beat the Detroit Shock 108-92 to win their first WNBA title.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2007        Sep 16, Police in Las Vegas arrested O.J. Simpson saying he was part of an armed group that broke into a hotel room on Sep 13 and snatched memorabilia that documented his sports career.
    (SFC, 9/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Sep 16, It was reported that this year’s $150,000 Lasker Prize will go to Dr. Albert Starr of Portland, Ore., and Dr. Alain Carpentier of Paris, France, for their work in heart valve replacement. The Lasker Prize for basic research prize will go to Dr. Ralph Steinman of Rockefeller Univ. for discovering dendritic cells, which trigger defenses against germs.
    (SSFC, 9/16/07, p.A2)
2007        Sep 16, An out-of-control wildfire raged through the San Bernardino National Forest, keeping about 5,000 people from their homes in two mountain communities.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, In Garmser district of south Helmand province, Afghan and coalition forces using small-arms fire and airstrikes killed about 10 insurgents. Four other rebels were killed overnight in a battle that erupted after they attacked a police post in the eastern province of Paktia. Afghan and NATO troops came under fire in Surobi district, about 25 miles east of Kabul, and called in airstrikes, killing at least one suspected insurgent. The bombardment destroyed one house in the village of Gazbala, killing two men and wounding two others. General Dan McNeill, the top NATO commander, said a convoy of explosives seized last week by NATO troops in Afghanistan definitely came from Iran but not necessarily from the government in Tehran.
    (AFP, 9/16/07)(AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 16, State media reported that Chinese authorities had ordered the recall of tainted leukemia drugs blamed for leg pains and other problems, the latest crisis to strike the country's embattled food and drug industries.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, Bernard Kouchner, France's foreign minister, warned that the world should prepare for war if Iran obtains nuclear weapons and said European leaders were considering their own economic sanctions against the Islamic country.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, Greece's Conservative PM Costas Karamanlis won re-election with a slim majority in parliament as voters showed dissatisfaction with both major parties in the wake of a financial scandal and devastating forest fires that killed more than 65 people last month. The governing conservatives won 41.8 percent of the vote, giving them 152 of parliament's 300 seats, a loss of 13 seats. The Socialists took 38.1 percent, or 102 seats, a loss of 15 and the party's lowest number of parliament seats in 30 years.
    (AP, 9/16/07)(AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 16, The death toll from Indonesia's massive earthquake rose to 23 as more villagers started returning home.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, In Iraq a booby-trapped bicycle exploded near a cafe serving tea and food during Ramadan fasting hours, killing at least five people in Tuz Khormato. Dozens of fighters linked to the Sunni-dominated al-Qaida in Iraq streamed into Shiite villages north of Baghdad, torching homes and killing at least 15 residents in Jichan and Ghizlayat. Blackwater security contractors opened fire in a predominantly Sunni neighborhood of western Baghdad, killing 17 civilians. At least 39 people were killed or found dead nationwide. In 2008 5 Blackwater guards were indicted for the shootings that left 17 civilians dead. On Dec 31, 2009, a US judge dismissed the case against the Blackwater guards. In 2014 Matthew Murphy testified that he saw Paul Slough fire at least hand grenades into a car where a woman and her son died. On Oct 22, 2014, a US federal jury convicted four Blackwater guards for killing 14 Iraqis.
    (AP, 9/16/07)(Econ, 9/22/07, p.61)(AP, 9/16/08)(SFC, 12/6/08, p.A6)(AP, 1/1/10)(SFC, 7/4/14, p.A6)(SFC, 10/23/14, p.A8)
2007        Sep 16, Israeli fire killed two Palestinians in separate incidents in the West Bank, including a militant.
    (AFP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, In Jordan the US Embassy said the US has signed an accord with Jordan on the sidelines of a nuclear energy summit in Vienna, Austria, aimed at supporting the peaceful development of the kingdom's nascent nuclear program.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, An alliance of Pakistani opposition parties said they would resign from national and provincial assemblies if President Pervez Musharraf tried to seek re-election from the sitting parliament.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, In Peru an unofficial referendum was held in three districts affected by plans for developing a copper mine at Rio Blanco. Some 95% of the votes were against the 1.4 billion project planned by China’s Zijin Consortium, which had recently acquired the concession.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.51)
2007        Sep 16, In Russia former KGB officer Andrei Lugovoi, the sole suspect in the radiation poisoning death of former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko, announced plans to run for parliament on the ticket of a pro-Kremlin ultranationalist party.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, Saudi King Abdullah oversaw the signing in Jiddah of a reconciliation agreement negotiated by several Somali factions in an attempt to stabilize their country and battle the Islamic opposition.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, Six South Koreans died and four were missing in South Korea after typhoon Nari hit the country's southern coast.
    (Reuters, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 16, In Thailand a One-Two-Go Airlines passenger plane filled with foreign tourists crashed as it tried to land in pouring rain on the island of Phuket, splitting in two and bursting into flames. 89 people were killed.
    (AP, 9/17/07)(AP, 9/16/08)
2007        Sep 16, Reports said the Zimbabwean government has reversed a ban on pay increases put in place in a bid to curb the world's highest inflation rate.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2008        Sep 16, Urgently trying to keep cash flowing amid a Wall Street meltdown, the Federal Reserve pumped another $70 billion into the nation's financial system to help ease credit stresses. Late in the day the Federal Reserve agreed to a 2-year $85 billion loan to insurance giant American International Group (AIG) in exchange for a 79.9% equity stake in the form of warrants called equity participation notes. Central banks in the US, Europe and Japan pumped tens of billions into their banking systems to keep money flowing.
    (AP, 9/16/08)(SFC, 9/17/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 16, The United States pledged 1.8 million dollars to Cambodia's cash-strapped Khmer Rouge court, making its first donation to the UN-backed genocide tribunal aimed at trying regime leaders.
    (AFP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger promised to veto a state budget approved by lawmakers just hours earlier.
    (SFC, 9/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Sep 16, Local media reported that a Florida judge has deemed unconstitutional a law banning baggy pants that show off the wearer's underwear.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 16, In Texas the torn apart body of Brandon McClelland (24), a black man, was found on a rural road near Paris. He had crossed the border to Oklahoma the previous evening with friends Finley and Charles Ryan Crostley (27) to buy beer. In 2009 murder charges were dropped against Finley and Crostley due to lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 10/25/08, p.A5)(SFC, 6/5/09, p.A6)
2008        Sep 16, James Crumley (1939), American novelist, died in Missoula, Montana. His books included “The Last Good Kiss" (1978). The opening line of that book has been widely called the best in crime fiction.
    (SFC, 9/20/08, p.B5)(
2008        Sep 16, In Bolivia government soldiers arrested Pando state Gov. Leopoldo Fernandez on suspicion of directing the recent massacre of government supporters.
    (SFC, 9/17/08, p.A8)
2008        Sep 16, The US declared Bolivia to be “non-compliant" in the war on drugs, a step that implicated an end of American aid.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.52)
2008        Sep 16, Tian Wenhua, the board chairwoman and general manager of China dairy giant Sanlu Group, was fired from her posts in the wake of the tainted milk powder scandal.
2008        Sep 16, Costa Rica Security Minister Janina del Vecchio said that a 70-foot (20-meter) submarine-type vessel was intercepted by the US Navy in international waters near Costa Rica.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 16, French troops stormed a yacht hijacked by Somali pirates, killing one, capturing six others and freeing their two French hostages, who had been held since Sep 2.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, Georgia’s government said intercepted mobile phone calls show that Russian tanks and troops invaded before Georgia unleashed its offensive against South Ossetia, pressing its claim that Russia was the aggressor in the war last month.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, Honduras said it will welcome a new US ambassador after a one-week delay meant to show support for Bolivia in its diplomatic spat with Washington.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 16, A Japanese researcher said he has taught a beluga whale to "talk" by using sounds to identify three different objects, offering hope that humans may one day be able to hold conversations with sea mammals.
    (Reuters, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, In Iraq a bicycle laden with explosives exploded near a military truck in a market north of Baghdad, killing 2 civilians and wounding 19. Gen. Ray Odierno took over as the top American commander of the Iraq conflict.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, Malawi withdrew its recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), proclaimed by the Polisario Front in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. SADR was declared in 1976 by the Polisario Front, a rebel movement that wants independence for Western Sahara. The guerilla war against Rabat's forces ended with a ceasefire in 1991.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 16, In Mexico explosions at an Independence Day celebration killed 7 people and injured 101 in the city of Morelia. Michoacan Gov. Leonel Godoy said organized crime was responsible.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, A Buddhist monk slashed his throat in a suicide attempt at Myanmar's most sacred temple, the scene of several pro-democracy protests that erupted a year ago. A trustee of the Shwedagon temple said the monk became desperate after running out of money to pay for medical care.
    (AP, 9/18/08)
2008        Sep 16, In Nigeria militants destroyed the Orubiri flow station operated by the Shell Petroleum Development Company in Rivers state. The next day MEND said it killed all the soldiers on guard at the facility and took their weapons.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 16, Norwegian PM Jens Stoltenberg said Norway will give Brazil US$1 billion by 2015 to preserve the Amazon rain forest, as long as Latin America's largest nation keeps trying to stop deforestation.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, Pakistan's military has ordered its forces to open fire if U.S. troops launch another air or ground raid across the Afghan border. Security forces backed by air support again pounded suspected militant hideouts in a northwest Pakistan tribal region, killing eight alleged insurgents.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
 2008        Sep 16, Hamas police waged a fierce gunbattle against members of a heavily armed Palestinian clan in a crowded neighborhood. A night of clashes left 11 people dead including an infant, and at least 40 wounded.
    (AP, 9/16/08)(SFC, 9/17/08, p.A11)
2008        Sep 16, Thailand's ruling People's Power Party announced that it has reconciled with a renegade faction, clearing a hurdle toward the selection of Somchai Wongsawat as a consensus candidate for prime minister.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 16, Ukraine's pro-Western coalition collapsed, paving the way for complicated coalition talks or yet another early parliamentary election.
    (AP, 9/16/08)

2009        Sep 16, Sen. Max Baucus brought out the much-awaited Senate Finance Committee version of an American health-system remake, a landmark $856 billion, 10-year measure that starts a rough ride through Congress without visible Republican backing. The 6 committee members received an average $74,600 from health industry lobbyists through June. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, led the group with $223,600. Baucus, D-Montana, was 2nd with $141,000.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(SSFC, 9/20/09, p.A1)
2009        Sep 16, In Pennsylvania Andrew Mogilyansky, a wealthy Russian-American car exporter from suburban Philadelphia, was sentenced to 8 years in prison for procuring girls from a Russian orphanage to have sex with them.
    (SFC, 9/17/09, p.A7)
2009        Sep 16, Melvin Simon (b.1926), co-owner with brother Herb of the Indiana Pacers basketball franchise and chairman emeritus of Simon Property Group Inc., the nation’s largest owner of retail real estate, died. A few months before his death he signed a controversial will that excluded a son and 2 sisters in favor of his 2nd wife.
2009        Sep 16, Afghanistan's election commission released preliminary vote totals showing President Hamid Karzai with 54.6 percent of the vote in the first full results to be released since the country's Aug. 20 election. A UN-backed group investigating fraud has ordered a massive audit and recount of about 10 percent of the country's voting stations. A NATO service member died from a bomb strike in the south.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 16, Brazil’s JBS Friboi company announced that Texas-based chicken processor Pilgrim’s Pride has agreed to be taken over for $800 million. This and a pending acquisition with Bertin, another Brazilian firm, would make JBS the world’s largest processor of meat.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.74)(
2009        Sep 16, In Bulgaria Sport Minister Svilen Neikov ordered a probe after the numbers 4, 15, 23, 24, 35 and 42 were selected by a machine, in a different order, on consecutive draws televised live on Sept. 6 and Sept. 10. No one won the Sept. 6 draw, but 18 people guessed correctly in the Sept. 10 contest and each received 10,164 leva ($7,585, euro5,150) in prize money.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 16, In Chechnya a suicide bomber wounded six police officers in Grozny.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, The European Parliament gave Jose Manuel Barroso another five-year term as European Commission president, but its vote reflected lingering misgivings about the conservative ex-Portuguese premier.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, Hungary said it will accept a detainee from Guantanamo Bay, inching President Barack Obama closer to his pledge to close the U.S. military detention center.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, In Iraq the US military closed Camp Bucca, an isolated desert prison that was once its largest lockup in Iraq, as it moved to release thousands of detainees or transfer them to Iraqi custody before the end of the year. American Marines shot and wounded an Iraqi man in the former flashpoint city of Fallujah believing he was throwing a grenade at them. Local police and witnesses said the object was only the man's slipper. Al-Jumaili, a 30-year-old auto mechanic, said he ran after throwing his slipper, but was slowed after a bullet grazed his leg.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 16, Israel rejected UN calls to open an independent inquiry into its conduct in last winter's Gaza Strip war and said it would launch a diplomatic offensive to block any attempt to bring its soldiers before an international war crimes tribunal. The Goldstone Commission report had concluded that Israel committed actions amounting to war crimes during its December incursion into Gaza. It also concluded that there was evidence that Palestinian armed groups had committed war crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(SSFC, 9/20/09, p.A20)
2009        Sep 16, Japan opposition leader Yukio Hatoyama took office as prime minister, naming a new Cabinet and vowing to rebuild the economy and refocus Japan's place on the world stage with his largely untested party. Japan’s debt was almost 200% of GDP. Shizuka Kamei, founder of the People’s New Party (PNP) (2005), took office as the new minister for financial and postal services.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.69)(Econ, 9/26/09, p.88)
2009        Sep 16, Kenyan government trucks took 1,500 slum residents to new homes as part of a UN-backed plan to eliminate the shantytowns that house more than half the capital's population.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, Liberia's parliament approved a new law to crack down on narco trafficking amid concerns that druglords want to turn the west African nation into a transit point.
    (AFP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, Mexican navy personnel arrested of a suspect in the June 1 kidnapping of Francisco Serrano, the customs administrator for the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, who remains missing. Jose Osiris was captured in the port of Veracruz along with 10 other people who may have been accomplices. Guerrero state police reported they had found the decomposed bodies of four men by the side of a highway. Because of their poor condition, the cause of death and identity of the bodies has not yet been established.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 16, Nigerian militants (MEND) announced they will extend a cease-fire that expired overnight by one month, holding off on attacks on oil installations and kidnapping foreigners, but warned that the government must address the group's grievances.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, Russia’s Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin said Russia has reached a settlement with Bank of New York Mellon over a $22.5 billion lawsuit against the bank stemming from a 1990s money laundering scheme by one of its executives. Russia would receive no less than $14 million for court costs under the long-anticipated, out-of-court deal. The government would also get a $4 billion discounted loan from the bank, an "act of goodwill." The two-year court case stems from a decade-old scandal in which a Bank of NY vice president and her husband were convicted of illegally wiring $7.5 billion of Russian money into accounts at the bank.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, Syrian President Bashar Assad met with Turkey's PM Erdogan in Istanbul to discuss ways to revive the stalled peace process between Syria and Israel, a day after security talks with Iraq collapsed.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 16, In Venezuela the collision of a truck carrying chlorine gas and a cargo vehicle killed nine people and provoking breathing problems in 326 others.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 16, Yemeni warplanes hit a makeshift camp for civilians fleeing fighting between the government and Shiite rebels. Nearly 87 civilians were killed as government warplanes hit a camp of people fleeing fighting in the northern region of Saada.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(SFC, 9/18/09, p.A2)

2010        Sep 16, US federal prosecutors in Newark, NJ, announced charges against 53 people stemming from an identity theft ring and fraud investigation. The group targeted Asian immigrants in New Jersey, Connecticut, New York and California and used Social Security numbers from legal immigrants working in American territories.
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 16, In Maryland Paul Warren Pardus (50), distraught by his mother’s health condition, shot and wounded her surgeon, Dr. David Cohen, and then killed his mother and himself at Johns Hopkins Hospital.
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 16, Afghan election officials announced they will close about 300 additional voting centers because of security concerns, dropping the number of polling stations to 5,516. About 100 rock-throwing protesters moved toward a NATO military base in Chora district of Uruzgan in southwest Afghanistan. Provincial governor, Khudi Rahim, said one person was killed. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the south.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Thousands of young Argentines marched to the presidential palace to protest the quality of public education, joining a student rebellion that accuses politicians of neglecting schools and universities that were once the envy of Latin America.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Australian scientists said they had made a breakthrough in the fight to save the cancer-hit Tasmanian devil by mapping the species' genome for the first time.
    (AFP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Britain Imran Farooq (50), a founding member of Pakistan's Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), a major political force in Karachi, was found with head injuries and stab wounds outside his home in north London. On Dec 9 British police arrested a 34-year-old man on suspicion of murdering Farooq. On Aug 27, 2014, British police arrested another man (30) in connection with the 2010 murder.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)(AFP, 12/9/10)(AP, 8/27/14)
2010        Sep 16, Pope Benedict XVI, arrived in Edinburgh beginning a controversial visit to Britain. He acknowledged that the Catholic Church had failed to act decisively or quickly enough to deal with priests who rape and molest children. He said the church's top priority now was to help the victims heal.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Cambodia's UN-backed court said 4 top Khmer Rouge leaders will stand trial for crimes including genocide during the "Killing Fields" era.
    (AFP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, China warned that the worst offenders of food safety rules would get the death penalty in a new crackdown on an industry that has spawned embarrassing and deadly scandals in products ranging from seafood to baby formula.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Germany's Jesuits announced a plan to pay the victims of sexual abuse in the order's schools a "symbolic compensation" of at least euro5,000 ($6,500) each, saying the gesture is meant to be "financially painful" to the Roman Catholic organization.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Germany's top security official said two former inmates of the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay have arrived in the country to begin new lives there.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, The head of communication for Guinea's National Independent Electoral Commission says The Sep 19 presidential runoff will be postponed by at least two weeks.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Honduras a street vendor died from inhaling tear gas fired by police against hundreds of supporters of ousted President Manuel Zelaya.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In the Indian portion of Kashmir protesters defied a round-the-clock curfew and attacked government forces with rocks, wounding six of them.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Iran assailants abducted six people, 5 soldiers and a bank clerk, in the southeast of the country. The Sunni militant group Jundallah, or Soldiers of God, claimed responsibility and said those abducted were Revolutionary Guard forces. On Sep 18 the state news IRNA reported that Revolutionary Guard forces rescued five of the hostages and killed 3 gunmen. A sixth hostage died in the operation. Amir Bilchi Kangarlu, a man convicted of raping several young girls, was hanged in the town of Varamin, south of the capital Tehran.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)(AP, 9/18/10)(AFP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 16, The Iraqi government said its Cabinet has unanimously approved a $400 million settlement for Americans who say they were abused by Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 16, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the Jerusalem city government to provide more than $120,000 in funding for a prominent gay community center. It was reported that Israeli government offices, that provide a wide array of public services, are pulling the plug on online payments on the Jewish Sabbath and holidays, creating a potential new source of friction between the religious and secular in the Jewish state.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, The Israeli government said it has officially approved plans to buy American-made F-35 stealth fighter jets. Israel planned on buying 20 of the warplanes for nearly $3 billion and will begin receiving the jets by 2015.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the Jerusalem city government to provide more than $120,000 in funding for a prominent gay community center.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Mexico gunmen attacked two newspaper photographers in the drug war-torn border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing Luis Carlos Santiago (21) and seriously wounding Carlos Sanchez of the Diario de Juarez.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Niger armed AQIM assailants kidnapped 7 people, including 5 French nuclear experts, a person from Togo and a person from Madagascar, near the uranium mining town of Arlit, in the northern Sahara desert region. 3 of the hostages were released in February, 2011. Pierre Legrand, Thierry Dol, Marc Feret and Daniel Larribe were released on Oct 29, 2013. Some 20 to 25 million euros was paid to obtain their release.
    (AP, 9/17/10)(SFC, 9/22/10, p.A2)(SFC, 2/26/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/30/13)
2010        Sep 16, North Korea said it proposed a joint probe with the US of the deadly March 26 sinking of a South Korean warship. An earlier international investigation blamed Pyongyang.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Poland Akhmed Zakayev (51), a senior Chechen separatist wanted in Russia for alleged murder, kidnapping and terrorism, was arrested in Warsaw where he was to attend a conference organized by the World Chechen Congress. Zakayev, who lives in Britain, was apprehended "without any trouble" on an international warrant issued by Russia. Zakayev was released the next day.
    (AP, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 16, Some of Russia's prominent opposition leaders have formed a coalition to challenge the rule of President Dmitry Medvedev and PM Vladimir Putin. Former deputy premier Boris Nemtsov said the coalition aims to compete in next year's parliamentary elections and field a presidential candidate in 2012.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, In Somalia mortar rounds fired by suspected Islamist insurgents hit the government complex in Mogadishu killing 3 soldiers triggering a counterattack that killed a dozen more people.
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.A2)
2010        Sep 16, In Sudan 37 people were killed and 26 injured when two buses collided in the northern state of White Nile.
    (AFP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his country was seeking closer commercial ties with Iran and aims to triple trade volumes in the next five years while still respecting the limits set by UN sanctions.
    (AP, 9/16/10) 
2010        Sep 16, In Turkey a roadside bomb attack killed 10 people traveling on a minibus near the village of Gecitli in the rugged Hakkari province, where Kurdish guerrillas have been fighting for autonomy for decades.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2011        Sep 16, President Barack Obama signed into law a major overhaul of the nation's patent system to ease the way for inventors to bring their products to market. The America Invents Act was the first significant change in patent law since 1952.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The US National Marine Fisheries Service moved the loggerhead turtle population of in the North Pacific from threatened to endangered.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 16, In Montana Ty Bell and Steve Stevenson were on a black bear hunting trip with two other people along the Montana-Idaho border when they were attacked by a grizzly bear they had wounded. Stevenson died of a single gunshot to the chest as Bell tried to kill the bear.
    (AP, 9/23/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Reno, Nevada, a World War II-era P-51 Mustang fighter plane competing in an event described as a car race in the sky suddenly pitched upward, rolled and did a nose-dive toward a crowded grandstand. 9 people were killed and more than 60 injured. Pilot Jimmy Leeward (74) was among those killed. A 10th victim died on Sep 19.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)(SFC, 9/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Sep 16, In northwest Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed nine civilians, including five children, as they were herding cattle.
    (AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 16, Bahrain security forces clashed with mourners at the funeral of Sayyed Jawad Ahmed, who died 2 days earlier after inhaling tear gas fired at protesters.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 16, Brazilian federal police say an Irish man (20) has been arrested with nearly two pounds of cocaine in his gut. Police identified the suspect only by his initials, P.B.K. Investigators said that he tried to board a flight in Sao Paulo, headed to Brussels.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, Burundi opposition leader Agathon Rwasa, suspected to be behind a spate of violent incidents, accused state security forces of massacring and torturing his supporters.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The EU said helicopters are being used to ferry staff and supplies to border crossings in the north after minority Serbs blocked main roads in anger over Kosovo's efforts to take over customs posts. Both northern crossings remained closed for commercial goods, but Kosovo's trade minister Mimoza Kusari said Serbian goods started entering Kosovo's eastern border with Serbia minutes after the EU mission took over control.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, India welcomed the previous day’s decision by the US State Department to designate the homegrown militant group Indian Mujahideen a terrorist organization.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, India's central bank raised its repo interest rate a quarter point (to 8.25%) for the 12th time in 18 months on to combat near double-digit inflation, despite signs of slowing economic growth.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Indonesia Jakarta city governor Fauzi Bowo called on women not to wear miniskirts when riding on public transport in the capital after a 27-year-old woman was attacked in a public minivan early this month. The next day Governor Bowo apologized for his remarks as some 50 women donned miniskirts to protest his remarks.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Iraq thousands of Al-Sadr followers rallied for more jobs and government aid in demonstrations that showed his support among Shiites. Al-Sadr has repeatedly demanded full withdrawal of US troops by the end of the year, as required under a 2008 security agreement between Baghdad and Washington. 41 experts, former lawmakers and top officials in the administration of former President George W. Bush called on Obama to keep far more than 4,000 troops in Iraq, a figure the White House is reportedly considering.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, An Israeli and a Palestinian were wounded in a confrontation in the West Bank amid rising tensions ahead of a Palestinian bid for statehood at the United Nations.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The Jammu-Kashmir State Human Rights Commission broadened its investigation into unmarked graves in the Indian portion of Kashmir to include thousands more in two additional districts. Residents had claims of 3,844 unmarked graves at 208 locations in the remote districts of Rajouri and Poonch.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, A Russian Soyuz capsule carrying 3 astronauts, an American and two Russians, landed in Kazakhstan following a stay at the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 16, Libyan revolutionary forces faced fierce resistance as they streamed into Bani Walid and Sirte, among the last remaining bastions of support for Moammar Gadhafi. The battles coincide with a visit to Tripoli by Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The UN General Assembly also voted to give Libya's seat in the world body to the National Transitional Council.
    (AP, 9/16/11)(AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 16, Myanmar's new government was reported to have stopped blocking some foreign websites this week, such as the BBC and YouTube, in a gesture toward openness tempered by remaining harsh laws that still keep readers of such sites at risk of arrest.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, Authorities in Panama said they have found five bodies buried under the floor of a house and believe the remains are of young people of Chinese origin who were kidnapped for ransom in the past two years.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, The UNHCR warned that more than 8,000 people have fled violence in Sudan's South Kordofan state to South Sudan and more are expected to arrive.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, Syrian troops reportedly killed at least 17 people in raids on anti-government protesters, but failed to stop thousands from pouring into streets nationwide and taking their uprising against President Bashar Assad's autocratic rule into a seventh month.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, In southern Thailand bombs concealed in a car and two motorcycles killed at least three people and wounded at least 30 in the border town of Sungai Kolok.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Turkey 3 Chechens were gunned down near a park in Istanbul. Chechen groups blamed Russia's secret service for the killings of the three, who were allegedly involved with Chechen militants.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Sep 16, In Yemen thousands of protesters took to the streets demanding the resignation of Pres. Saleh, a day after the US State Department said it hoped a power transfer deal could be signed within a week. Officials in Saudi Arabia and Yemen said that President Ali Abdullah Saleh will not return to Sanaa and will, instead, remain in Riyadh.
    (AP, 9/16/11)

2012        Sep 16, It was reported that a 19th person has died at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Md., from an antibiotic-resistant strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC). The outbreak stemmed from a single patient carrying the superbug into the hospital last summer.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 16, It was reported that a $300,000 project by the Nature Conservancy has created an artificial bat cave deep in the Tennessee woods. Conservationists hoped to help save bats dying from a fungus that causes white-nose syndrome.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A22)
2012        Sep 16, An Afghan police officer turned his gun on NATO troops at a remote checkpoint in the south of the country before dawn, killing four American troops. Airstrikes by NATO planes reportedly killed 8 women and girls in Laghman province. NATO forces said that the strike killed a large number of insurgents, as many as 45, but may have also killed civilians. Gen. John Allen ordered a temporary scaling back of joint operations with Afghan police and soldiers.
    (AP, 9/16/12)(Economist, 9/22/12, p.50)
2012        Sep 16, Guyana authorities said they have seized about 60 pounds of cocaine at the Cheddi Jagan Int’l.  Airport.
    (SFC, 9/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 16, Iranian newspapers reported that the 15 Khordad Foundation, a religious foundation, has increased a reward for killing British author Salman Rushdie to $3.3 million from $2.8 million in response to alleged insults to the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In Iraq the last big batch of a group of controversial Iranian exiles reluctantly left Camp Ashraf, their decades-old home in northeast Iraq, and moved to a refugee camp outside Baghdad, taking what officials say is a necessary step towards resettling them in other nations. An estimated 200 exiles remained to try to sell off the property that was left behind in the move.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo, even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In Nigeria Red Cross officials said they have found 25 corpses following a massive flood from the Benue River in Adamawa state.
    (SFC, 9/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 16, Hundreds of Pakistanis protesting an anti-Islam video produced in the US clashed with police as they tried to march toward the US Consulate in Karachi.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In northwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb ripped through a minibus near the Afghan border, killing 15 passengers and wounded 12 others in Lower Dir district.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Egypt for a state visit, even though he is wanted for arrest by the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, Syrian activists reported heavy bombardment of rebel-held areas throughout the country. The state-run news agency said troops have captured and cleared the neighborhood of Midan in the embattled northern city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, In eastern Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels detonated a landmine along a highway in Bingol province, killing eight police officers and wounding nine. Officials in southeastern Hakkari province said a total of 123 "terrorists," a reference to Kurdish rebels, had been killed in military operations in the past 10 days.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2013        Sep 16, The United States and Cuba sat down in Havana for a second round of talks on re-establishing direct mail services between the two countries after a 50-year ban.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, A former US Navy reservist opened fire at the Washington Navy Yard, killing 12 people before he was shot dead by police. He was identified by the FBI as Aaron Alexis (35), a civilian contractor from Queens, NY, who most recently resided in Fort Worth, Texas.
    (SFC, 9/17/13, p.A1)
2013        Sep 16, In Colorado 7 people were confirmed dead and at least 1,500 homes destroyed after a week of rare, torrential rains along the eastern slopes of the Rockies. Helicopter search-and-rescue flights resumed in flood-stricken areas.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Glafira Rosales, a Long Island art dealer, pleaded guilty to charges of wire fraud, money laundering and tax evasion. She admitted to having fooled two local commercial art galleries in to buying 63 forged works of art for more than $30 million over the past 15 years.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.12)(
2013        Sep 16, The annual Ig Nobel Prizes were presented at Harvard’s Sanders Theater by the publishers of the Annals of Improbable Research.
    (SFC, 9/17/13, p.C4)
2013        Sep 16, Belgium said it was investigating suspected foreign state espionage against its main telecoms company, which is the top carrier of voice traffic in Africa and the Middle East, and a newspaper pointed the finger at the United States.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, In Cambodia thousands of opposition supporters gathered for a 2nd day in Phnom Penh to push for an independent investigation into the July election.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Bombardier of Canada launched the maiden flight of its new cSeries narrow-body plane with 100-150 seats.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.66)
2013        Sep 16, In Chechnya 3 police officers were killed by a suicide bomber who detonated a bomb in a car outside a police station.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Cuba’s Catholic bishops issued their first pastoral letter in two decades. They called for political reform in tandem with social and economic changes already under way.
    (SFC, 9/17/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 16, Nine Egyptian policemen were injured when a bomb detonated on a road in North Sinai, scene of a surge in Islamist militancy, near the border with the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Israel's supreme court struck down a year-old law that meant African migrants could be held in detention for up three years without charge.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Engineering teams on the Italian island of Giglio began lifting the wrecked Costa Concordia liner upright in one of the most complex and costly maritime salvage operations ever attempted.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, In Madagascar a suspected bomb-maker was killed in Antananarivo when an explosive device he is believed to have been building blew up prematurely.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, In Mexico two powerful storms converged from the Pacific and the Gulf, killing at least 42 people and stranding some 40,000 tourists in the Pacific resort of Acapulco amid some of the worst flooding in decades. Half of the remote village of La Pintada was buried in a landslide leaving 68 people missing.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)(SFC, 9/20/13, p.A5)
2013        Sep 16, Philippine forces launched air strikes to root out rogue Muslim rebels from a southern city, stepping up efforts to end more than a week of clashes that have killed scores of people.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Rwandans voted in a parliamentary election that is widely expected to hand an easy win to the ruling coalition in a national assembly that may be asked to change the constitution to allow President Paul Kagame a third term.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, Representatives from 15 Caribbean nations gathered in St. Vincent to seek slavery reparations from Britain, France and the Netherlands.
    (SFC, 9/17/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 16, International donors promised Somalia 1.8 billion euros ($2.4 billion) in reconstruction aid to back a three-year plan aimed at strengthening the country's economy and building up its fragile security.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, South Korean workers crossed into North Korea as the joint Kaesong industrial zone restarted operations five months after being shuttered by rising military tensions and threats of war.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, South Korea's military shot and killed a man who undertook a rare attempt to enter North Korea by floating across a river that runs near the heavily militarized border.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, In Syria an al-Qaida linked group kidnapped Xavier Espinosa, a Spanish journalist, and photographer Ricardo Garcia Vilanova. Both men were released on March 30, 2014.
    (SFC, 12/11/13, p.A2)(AP, 3/30/14)
2013        Sep 16, Turkish warplanes shot down a Syrian helicopter after it crossed into Turkish airspace. Syria's army acknowledged the helicopter had strayed into Turkish airspace for a short time while monitoring "terrorists" moving across the border into Syria, but said it was an accident and that the aircraft was on its way back when it was shot down.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 16, UN war crimes investigators said they know of 14 potential chemical attacks in Syria since they began monitoring Syrian human rights abuses in September 2011. UN inspectors confirmed that sarin was used in the mass killing near Damascus on Aug 21.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)(SFC, 9/17/13, p.A3)
2013        Sep 16, In Venezuela a clash between rival gangs killed at least 16 inmates at the Sabaneta prison in the latest bloodshed to afflict the notoriously over-crowded penal system.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)

2014        Sep 16, The United States announced it will send 3,000 troops to help tackle the Ebola outbreak as part of a ramped-up plan, including a major deployment in Liberia, the country where the epidemic is spiraling fastest out of control.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In California the Three Feet for Safety Act took effect to help protect bicyclists from motorists.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.C1)
2014        Sep 16, NASA selected Boeing and SpaceX to transport astronauts to the Int’l. Space Station in the next few years.
    (SFC, 9/17/14, p.A7)
2014        Sep 16, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed at least 3 foreign troops in an attack on a convoy near the US embassy in Kabul. Taliban fighters killed 6 Afghan policemen in an ambush in Herat province.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)(AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Afghanistan Palwasha Tokhi became the 7th journalist killed in the country so far this year. She was stabbed to death by a visitor reportedly delivering a wedding invitation.
    (SFC, 9/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 16, In southern Egypt a couple hundred Christian protesters clashed with police after holding a demonstration in front of a police station demanding authorities locate an abducted housewife.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Egypt a powerful explosion killed 5 police conscripts and an officer near the border town of Rafah in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In France a pilots strike at Air France entered its second day, with the two sides appearing no closer to resolving a dispute over cost cuts that has forced the airline to cancel 60 percent of flights.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, Germany-listed Ultrasonic AG said in a statement it has been unable to reach its chief executive, Qingyong Wu, and chief operating officer, Minghong Wu, since the weekend. The company said most of its cash was in China and Hong Kong has been transferred beyond its control.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 16, A court in Germany lifted an emergency injunction that banned the SF-based ridesharing service Uber from operating anywhere in the country.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Guinea a team of health officials accompanied by journalists came to Womey village to educate people about how to avoid contracting Ebola. A group of local residents turned on their would-be benefactors, attacking them with knives and rocks and killing 8 of them.
    (AP, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 16, Iraqi lawmakers rejected PM Haider al-Abadi’s nominees to lead the defense and interior ministries.
    (SFC, 9/17/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 16, Israeli police said they have arrested 22 Palestinians in annexed Arab east Jerusalem overnight on suspicion of throwing stones and petrol bombs, as three months of protests showed no let-up.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Japan the first dolphins of the season were slaughtered in the small town of Taiji.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Libya Mohamed al-Kilani, a senior militia commander and former MP, was slain while commanding elements of the Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) alliance in clashes with fighters accused of being loyal to Kadhafi in the suburb of Warshefana.
    (AFP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Nigeria 12 soldiers were sentenced to death for mutiny after shots were fired at their commanding officer in the restive northeast city of Maiduguri on May 14.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Pakistan a group of militants attacked an army post from neighboring Afghanistan, sparking a shootout that left 11 insurgents and 3 soldiers killed. Government warplanes killed 20 local militants in the Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, Romania's energy minister said Russia was playing games with gas supplies to cause concerns in EU states, after analysts warned that Moscow could use the flows to retaliate against sanctions imposed over its role in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, Russia’s Investigative Committee placed Vladimir Yevtushenkov (65), the head of Sistema, under house arrest. His sprawling conglomerate included MTS, Russia’s largest mobile operator, and Bashneft, a profitable oil company. Yevtushenkov was charged with money laundering. Market watchers saw this as an attempt by the government and state-owned Rosneft to take over Bashneft.
    (SFC, 9/18/14, p.A5)
2014        Sep 16, Slovak gas importer SPP reported a 25 percent reduction in gas supplies from Russia via Ukraine, the biggest drop since a decline in deliveries was first reported last week.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, South Korean border guards arrested an American man who they believe was attempting to swim across a river to rival North Korea.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 16, Authorities in South Sudan announced a ban on foreign workers, including aid agency staff, and ordered their jobs to be given to locals.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16,  In Syria a government warplane crashed into the city of Raqqa, the defacto capital of the Islamic State. At least 8 people were killed. Jihadists claimed to have shot it down. At least 48 people were killed by government airstrikes over the last two days in Talbiseh. In Damascus at least 18 fighters were killed after two groups of rebels crawled into the city through sewers to attack a government checkpoint.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)(AP, 9/17/14)(SFC, 9/17/14, p.A4)
2014        Sep 16, Tunisia’s PM Mehdi Jomaa said that security forces were heightening security across the North African country with special focus in border areas monitoring arms smuggling and Islamist groups.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 16, Ukraine's parliament ratified an agreement to deepen economic and political ties with the EU, and passed legislation to grant autonomy to the rebellious east as part of a peace deal.
    (AP, 9/16/14)

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