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Today in History - September 17

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642        Sep 17, Arabs conquered Alexandria and destroyed the great library. Omar, the second caliph, successor of Mohammed, conquered Alexandria, then the capital of world scholarship.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.103)(MC, 9/17/01)

879        Sep 17, Charles III, [The Simple], king of France (893-923), was born.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1179        Sep 17, Hildegard von Bingen (b.1098), mystic and composer (Ordo Virtutum), died at 81. The abbess Hildegard concocted the Lingua Ignota, an artificial language. Her work included the morality play "Ordo Virtutum." In 2012 she was named a “doctor" of the Catholic church.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A16)(Wired, 8/96, p.84)(WSJ, 7/30/98, p.A16)(AP, 10/7/12)

1271        Sep 17, Wenceslas II, king of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), was born.

1394        Sep 17, In France King Charles VI decreed as an irrevocable law and statute that thenceforth no Jew should dwell in his domains. The decree was not immediately enforced, a respite being granted to the Jews in order that they might sell their property and pay their debts.

1562        Sep 17, The Council of Trent took ecclesiastical canon.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1631        Sep 17, At the Battle of Breitenfeld (Leipzig) Sweden’s King Gustaaf Adolf led a Saxon-Swedish army and defeated Gen. Tilly.
    (MC, 9/17/01)(PCh, 1992, p.231)

1743        Sep 17, Marquis Marie Jean de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher, a leading thinker in the Enlightenment, was born.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1652        Sep 17, Bonaventura Elsevier, book publisher and merchant, died at about 69.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1683        Sep 17, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reported the existence of bacteria.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1691        Sep 17, The Massachusetts Bay Colony received a new charter. [see Oct 17]
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1709        Sep 17, Samuel Johnson, lexicographer and writer (Boswell's Tour Guide), was born. [see Sep 18]
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1730        Sep 17, Friedrich von Steuben, Prussian and US inspector-general of Washington's army, was born.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1741        Sep 17, In Colombia Blas de Lezo (b.1689), Spanish admiral, died of typhus four months after leading Spaniards in resisting a siege by a combined British force under the command of Admiral Edward Vernon.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blas_de_Lezo)(SSFC, 10/18/15, p.P5)

1745        Sep 17, Edinburgh was occupied by Jacobites under Young Pretenders.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1762        Sep 17, Francesco Xaverio Geminiani, composer, died at 74.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1766        Sep 17, Samuel Wilson, the future Uncle Sam, was born in Menotomy Mass. Menotomy later became Arlington. Samuel moved to Troy, New York, where he and his brother set up meat packing plants which later provided food for the US Army during the War of 1812.
    (WC, Summer ‘97, p.3)

1771        Sep 17, Tobias George Smollett, novelist (Adventures of Roderick Random), died at 50.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1776        Sep 17, The Presidio of SF was formally possessed as a Spanish fort. The Spanish built the Presidio on the hill where the Golden Gate Bridge now meets San Francisco.
    (WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A12)(www.sfmuseum.org/hist6/founding.html)

1778        Sep 17, The 1st treaty between the US and Indian tribes was signed at Fort Pitt.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1787        Sep 17, The Constitution of the United States was completed and signed by a majority of delegates (12) attending the constitutional convention in Philadelphia. The US Constitution went into effect on Mar 4, 1789. Clause 3 of Article I, Section 8 empowered Congress to "regulate Commerce with foreign nations, among the several states, and with the Indian Tribes." Two of the signers went on to become presidents of the United States. George Washington, the president of the Constitutional Convention, and James Madison both signed the Constitution. The US Constitution is the world's oldest working Constitution. George Mason of Virginia refused to sign the document because he thought it made the federal government too powerful believed that it should contain a Bill of Rights.
     (AP, 9/17/97)(WUD, 1994, p.314)(WSJ, 4/9/99, p.W17)(HNQ, 5/19/99)(WSJ, 3/31/06, p.A1)
1787        Sep 17, The US Constitution included the Connecticut, or "Great," Compromise in which every state was conceded an equal vote in the Senate irrespective of its size, but representation in the House was to be on the basis of the "federal ratio," an enumeration of the free population plus three fifths of the slaves.
    (SSFC, 11/2/03, p.M6)
1787        Sep 17, The "College of Electors" (electoral college) was established at the Constitutional Convention with representatives to be chosen by the states. Pierce Butler of South Carolina first proposed the electoral college system. [see Sep 13, 1788]
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/9/00, p.A26)
1787        Sep 17, The Electoral College, proposed by James Wilson, was the compromise that the Constitutional Convention reached. In 2004 George C. Edwards III authored “Why the Electoral College Is Bad for America."
    (www.usconstitution.net/consttop_elec.html)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.M3)

1793        Sep 17, Captain Napoleon Bonaparte reached Toulon and presented himself to his new commander, General Carteaux, a former house painter and policeman.
    (ON, 2/12, p.5)

1795        Sep 17, Giuseppi Saverio Rafaele Mercadante, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1796        Sep 17, President George Washington delivered his "Farewell Address" to Congress before concluding his second term in office. Washington counseled the republic in his farewell address to avoid "entangling alliances" and involvement in the "ordinary vicissitudes, combinations, and collision of European politics." Also "we may safely trust to temporary alliances for extraordinary emergencies."
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A15)(HN, 9/17/98)

1803        Sep 17, Franz Xaver Sussmayr, composer, died.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1819        Sep 17, Jean-Bernard-Leon Foucault, physicist (pendulum proved Earth rotates), was born. [see Sep 18]
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1835        Sep 17, Charles Darwin landed on Chatham in the Galapagos archipelago.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1849        Sep 17-18, Lt. J.H. Simpson and R.H. Kern, Philadelphia artist, visited El Morro in New Mexico during an exploration trip of new US territory. They copied many of the inscription there.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F9)

1851        Sep 17, The Fort Laramie Treaty was signed between the US government treaty commissioners and representatives of the Cheyenne, Sioux, Arapaho, Crow, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nations. The Sioux pledged not to harass the wagon trains traveling the Oregon Trail in exchange for a $50,000 annuity. The treaty did not last long. Some 12,000 American Indians gathered at Fort Laramie for a peace council with the US. The government agreed that 12 million acres of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Indians would remain free of settlement (eastern Montana, northeastern Wyoming and western North Dakota). In 1949 Congress authorized a forced relocation to build the Garrison Dam in North Dakota. In 1986 Martin Cross won a settlement of $149.2 million for the unjust taking of reservation land. In 2004 Paul VanDevelder authored “Coyote Warrior: One Man, Three Tribes, and the Trial that Forged a Nation."
    (http://tinyurl.com/n7d26ok)(HT, 3/97, p.43)(SSFC, 8/29/04, p.M5)

1858        Sep 17, Dred Scott, US slave (REV-decision Supreme court), died.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1859        Sep 17, The San Francisco Call Bulletin published a notice on an inside page announcing that Joshua Norton (~1818-1880), formerly a prominent SF businessman, has proclaimed himself Norton I, “Emperor of these United States." Norton lived at the Eureka Lodging House at 624 Commercial St., where he paid 50 cents a night for a modest room. The Masons provided him a stipend for the lodging. Norton soon added himself Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico with a proclamation delivered to the offices of the San Francisco Bulletin. He annexed the whole of the US and suspended the Constitution.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.64)(G&M, 7/30/97, p.A24)(SFC, 9/17/09, p.A1)(SFC, 4/1/17, p.C2)

1861        Sep 17, Mary Smith Peake, the daughter of a white Englishman and a free woman of color, began teaching the runaway slaves under an oak tree near Fort Monroe, Va., thus founding the first American school for freed slaves. The tree became known as the Emancipation Oak after Pres. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation was read there in 1863.
    (ON, 2/12, p.2)

1862        Sep 17, The Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland, the bloodiest day in US history, commenced. Fighting in the corn field, Bloody Lane and Burnside’s Bridge raged all day as the Union and Confederate armies suffered a combined 26,293 (23,585) casualties. New York Tribune reporter George Smalley scooped the world with his vivid account of the Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. During the battle an entire Union corps spent most of the bloodiest single day of the Civil War waiting to cross the creek over that bridge, opposed by a contingent of Georgia riflemen. Late in the day Gen. Ambrose Burnside sent his Union troops across the bridge in a major disaster. The rest of the Union IX Corps followed, but by day’s end, a Confederate flank attack sent the corps back across the river. Over 23,000 [23,110] men, both Union and Confederate, were killed or wounded. The battle resulted in about 10,000 Confederate and 12,000 Union casualties. The next day, Robert E. Lee began his retreat back across the Potomac River. 2,108 Union troops and 1,512 Confederates died. In 2002 James M. McPherson authored "Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam: The Battle that changed the Course of the Civil War."
    (HN, 9/17/98)(HNPD, 9/17/98)(SFC, 7/7/96, T6)(AP, 9/17/97)(SFC, 9/22/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/12/02, p.D8)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.D8)
1862        Sep 17, Sgt. William McKinley and a single volunteer drove a wagon of hot coffee and warm food through Confederate fire at Antietam to the men of the 23rd Ohio regiment. Col. Rutherford B. Hayes promoted him to lieutenant for his bravery and initiative.
    (WSJ, 12/12/03, p.W9)
1862        Sep 17, Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tenn., was evacuated by Federals.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1863        Sep 17, Union cavalry troops clashed with a group of Confederates at Chickamauga Creek.
    (HN, 9/18/99)
1863        Sep 17, The Robinson family under widow Eliza Sinclair arrived in Honolulu. They had moved to British Columbia from New Zealand in June, but were advised to relocate to the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).

1864        Sep 17, Gen. Grant approved Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign. "I want it so barren that a crow, flying down it, would need to pack rations."
    (MC, 9/17/01)
1864        Sep 17, Walter Savage Landor, author, died.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1865        Sep 17, In San Francisco Mark Twain and ‘Mousetrap Man’ (Tremenheere Lanyon Johns) were seen walking up Clay street under the influence of hashish. At this time concentrated cannabis was commonly available in tincture or solid form in drug stores.
    (SSFC, 10/2/11, p.E9)

1868        Sep 17, The Battle of Beecher's Island began, in which Major George "Sandy" Forsyth and 50 volunteers held off 500 Sioux and Cheyenne in eastern Colorado.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1872        Sep 17, Phillip W. Pratt patented his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1877        Sep 17, William Henry Fox Talbot (b.1800), British inventor, died. He pioneered instantaneous photography and invented paper photography with the negative-positive system now in use. Talbot produced the first book with photographic illustrations, serialized as "The Pencil of Nature," from 1844-1846. In 1980 Gail Buckland authored "Fox Talbot and the Invention of Photography."
    (AHD, 1971, p. 1312)(WSJ, 3/24/98, p.A20)(ON, 4/00, p.11)(SFC, 12/26/02, p.E9)

1878        Sep 17, Vincenzo Tommasini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1879        Sep 17, Andrew "Rube" Foster, father of the Negro baseball leagues, was born.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1883        Sep 17, William Carlos Williams, poet, playwright, essayist and writer who won a Pulitzer prize for "Pictures from Breughel and Other Poems," was born.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1884        Sep 17, Charles Tomlinson Griffes, composer (White Peacock), was born in Elmira, NY.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1895        Sep 17, Ethiopia’s Emperor Menelik II issued a mobilization proclamation calling on men to gather to resist the Italian army.
    (ON, 2/11, p.7)

1899        Sep 17, The 1st British troops left Bombay for South Africa.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1902        Sep 17, U.S. troops were sent to Panama to keep train lines open over the isthmus as Panamanian nationals struggled for independence from Colombia.
    (HN, 9/17/98)
1902        Sep 17, US protested anti-Semitism in Romania.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1903        Sep 17, Turks destroyed the town of Kastoria in Bulgaria, killing 10,000 civilians.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1907        Sep 17, Warren Earl Burger, the 15th chief justice of the United States (1969-86), was born in St. Paul, Minn.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

1908        Sep 17, Orville Wright’s passenger on a test flight was Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge. They were circling the landing field at Fort Myer, Va., when a crack developed in the blade of the aircraft’s propeller. Wright lost control of the Flyer and the biplane plunged to the ground. Selfridge became powered flight’s first fatality, and Wright was seriously injured in the crash. But despite the tragic mishap, the War Department awarded the contract for the first military aircraft to Wright.
    (HNPD, 9/16/98)

1911        Sep 17, Cigar-smoking Calbraith Perry Rodgers (1879-1912) set off from Sheepshead Bay, New York, on the first flight across America. Rodgers, sponsored by the Vin Fiz grape drink company, flew the fragile Wright B biplane in pursuit of a $50,000 prize offered to the first person to make a transcontinental flight in 30 days or less. Rodgers failed to win the prize because his 4,321-mile flight took 84 days—of which only 3 days, 10 hours and 4 minutes was actual flying time! His average speed was 51.56 miles per hour. By the time he landed at Long Beach, California, on November 5, Rodgers had made 70 crash landings, suffered numerous minor injuries and had rebuilt his Vin Fiz so completely that only one strut and the rudder were its original equipment.
    (HNPD, 9/18/98)(ON, 10/06, p.12)

1914        Sep 17, In California some 35,000 people viewed the collision of two trains at the State Fair in Sacramento.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, SF p.42)

1917        Sep 17, Some 20,000 iron workers went on strike in SF, Oakland and Alameda in the biggest strike ever on the Pacific Coast. Marines were sent to guard the Union Iron Works and 32 men were arrested as workers demonstrated against the United Railroads by stoning cars and beating substitute carmen.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W5)(SSFC, 9/17/17 DB p.54)
1917        Sep 17, The German Army recaptured the Russian [Latvian] Port of Riga from Russian forces.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1918        Sep 17, Chaim Herzog (d.1997), president (Israel, 1983-93), was born in Belfast.

1919        Sep 17, The US saluted Gen. John J. Pershing and soldiers returning from WWI in a parade up Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington DC.
    (AH, 10/04, p.14)

1920        Sep 17, The American Professional Football Association -- a precursor of the NFL -- was formed in Canton, Ohio. 12 teams paid $100 each to join American Prof Football Assn. Jim Thorpe was the first president. The name was changed to the National Football League (NFL) in 1922. The NFL merged with the AFL in 1970.
    (AP, 9/17/97)(SFC, 7/11/98, p.B3)(HNQ, 11/19/00)(MC, 9/17/01)

1923        Sep 17, Hank Williams, Sr., singer, songwriter and guitarist known for "Lonesome Blues" and "Your Cheatin' Heart," was born.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1927        Sep 17, George Blanda, NFL kicker and quarterback (Bears, Oilers, Raiders), was born in Pennsylvania.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1928        Sep 17, Actor Roddy McDowall (d.1998) was born in London. His films included "Lassie Come Home," and "Cleopatra." His first movie at age 7 was "Murder in the Family."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B10)
1928        Sep 17, A hurricane hit Lake Okeechobee, Florida. A levee broke and some 1,800 people drowned. In 2003 the number dead was revised to at least 2,500. In 2003 Eliot Kleinberg authored “Black Cloud: The Great Florida Hurricane of 1928."

1931        Sep 17, The 1st LP record was demonstrated by RCA Victor in NYC. The venture failed.
    (MC, 9/17/01)
1931        Sep 17, Anne Bancroft (d.2005), film actress, was born as Anna Maria Italiano in NYC.

1934        Sep 17, RCA Victor released 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th).
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1935        Sep 17, Ken Kesey (d.2001), author, was born in La Junta, Colo. His novels included "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" and “Sometimes a Great Notion."
    (HN, 9/17/00)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A16)

1938        Sep 17, British premier Neville Chamberlain left Munich.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1939        Sep 17, The Harry James Orchestra and Frank Sinatra recorded "All or Nothing at All" for Columbia Records.
    (AP, 9/17/99)
1939        Sep 17, David H Souter, 107th Supreme Court Justice (1990- ), was born in Weir, NH.
    (MC, 9/17/01)
1939        Sep 17, The German U-29 sank the British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 died.
1939        Sep 17, The Soviet Union attacked Poland, more than two weeks after Nazi Germany launched its assault. They took 217,000 Poles prisoner and occupied eastern Poland within a week with losses of 737 dead and 2,000 wounded. The Polish submarine Orzel escaped from internment and went on to fight the Germans against long odds.
    (AP, 9/17/97)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(HN, 9/17/98)(MC, 9/17/01)

1940        Sep 17, Nazis deprived Jews of possessions.
    (MC, 9/17/01)
1940        Sep 17, Lithuanian Activist Front or LAF (Lithuanian: Lietuvos aktyvistų frontas), a short-lived resistance organization, was established after Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union. The LAF was ferociously anti-Polish and anti-Jewish.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithuanian_Activist_Front)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.60)

1942        Sep 17, US Army Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves (1896-1970) made a temporary Brigadier General and was placed in charge of the Manhattan Engineer District, which became known as the Manhattan Project, the fledgling US atomic bomb program.
    (ON, 8/09, p.7)(http://unjobs.org/authors/leslie-r.-groves)
1942        Sep 17, Japanese detainees from the California assembly center at Tanforan race track began their transfer to Abraham, Utah, 140 miles south of SLC. The assembly center remained in operation for 169 days after which detainees were transferred to relocation camps. The first trainload internees arrived at the Topaz internment camp. By October the desert camp had reached its maximum capacity of 8,232.
    (Ind, 2/2/02, 5A)(SFC, 4/30/16, p.C2)
1942        Sep 17, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met with Soviet Premier Josef Stalin in Moscow as the German Army rammed into Stalingrad.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1944        Sep 17, Infantry glider troops of the 82nd Airborne Division entered Holland. British and American airborne troops parachuted into Holland to capture the Arnhem bridge as part of Operation Market Garden. The plan called for the airborne troops to be relieved by British troops, but they were left stranded and eventually surrendered to the Germans. The 1974 book by Cornelius Ryan, "A Bridge Too Far," was based on this operation and was made into the 1977 film.
    (HN, 9/17/98)(HC, 12/12/01)(AP, 9/17/06)

1947        Sep 17, Jeff MacNelly, political cartoonist, was born. He created the comic strip "Shoe."
    (HN, 9/17/00)
1947        Sep 17, Jackie Robinson was named Rookie of Year by Sporting News.
    (MC, 9/17/01)
1947        Sep 17, James Forestall (d.1949) was sworn in as first the U.S. Secretary of Defense as a new National Military Establishment unified America’s armed forces.
    (AP, 9/17/97)(HN, 9/17/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A4)

1948        Sep 17, Count Folke Bernadotte (b.1895) of Sweden, the UN mediator for Palestine, was assassinated in Jerusalem by members of the extreme Zionist Stern Group. Yehoshua Zettler (d.2009 at 91), one of the founding members of the group, masterminded the assassination.
    (AP, 9/17/98)(www.us-israel.org/jsource/biography/Bernadotte.html)(AP, 5/25/09)

1949        Sep 17, The North Atlantic Treaty Council (NATO) met for the 1st time.
    (MC, 9/17/01)
1949        Sep 17, More than 130 people died when fire gutted the Canadian passenger steamer Noronic at a pier in Toronto.
    (AP, 9/17/99)

1951        Sep 17, Romanian bishop A. Pacha of Timisoara was sentenced to 18 years.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1953        Sep 17, The 1st successful separation of Siamese twins was performed.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1954        Sep 17, Rocky Marciano retained possession of the world heavyweight boxing title. He knocked out Ezzard Charles in the 8th round of their championship bout.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1955        Sep 17, A US Convair B-36 bomber took off from Carswell AFB, Texas, becoming the first aircraft in the world to fly with a nuclear reactor. Over the next 2 years the Convair Crusader made 47 flights.
    (AH, 2/03, p.51)

1956        Sep 17, Black students entered a Clay, Ky., elementary school.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1957        Sep 17, Two male attorneys "stood in" as actress Sophia Loren and producer Carlo Ponti were married by proxy in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Legal issues later forced an annulment; the couple wed in Sevres, France, in 1966.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
1957        Sep 17, The Thai army seized power in Bangkok.
    (HN, 9/17/98)

1959        Sep 17, The North American Aviation X-15 rocket plane, piloted by Scott Crossfield, made its first powered flight.
    (HN, 9/17/98)(SFC, 4/21/06, p.B9)
1959        Sep 17, Typhoon Sara killed 2,000 in Japan & Korea. 840 people were left dead or missing in South Korea. [see Japan Sep 27]
    (MC, 9/17/01)(SFC, 9/3/02, p.A3)

1960        Sep 17, Cuba nationalized US banks.

1961        Sep 17, The situation comedy "Car 54, Where Are You?" premiered on NBC. Al Lewis (d.2006) played Officer Schnauzer opposite Fred Gwynne’s Officer Francis Muldoon. The series ran to 1963.
    (AP, 9/17/01)(SSFC, 2/5/06, p.A2)
1961        Sep 17, In Turkey PM Adnan Menderes (b.1899) was hanged following the 1960 military coup.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adnan_Menderes)

1962        Sep 17, The first federal suit to end public school segregation was filed by the U.S. Justice Department.
    (HN, 9/17/98)
1962        Sep 17, U.S. space officials announced the selection of nine new astronauts, including Neil A. Armstrong, who became the first man to step onto the moon.
    (AP, 9/17/02)

1963        Sep 17, "The Fugitive," starring David Janssen, premiered on ABC. Kimble was cleared on the Aug 29, 1967, and narrator William Conrad announced "the day the running stopped." In 1993 Ed Robertson authored the companion book ""The Fugitive Recaptured." In 1993 a film was made based on the TV series with Harrison Ford as Kimble.
    (AP, 9/17/98)(WSJ, 10/16/00, p.A32)

1964        Sep 17, The situation comedy "Bewitched" premiered on ABC-TV.
    (AP, 9/17/99)

1965        Sep 17, "The Smothers Brothers Show", debuted on CBS TV.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1966        Sep 17, “Mission Impossible" premiered on CBS. Greg Morris (1934-1996) played Barney Collier, the technical wizard. Its theme music was written by Lalo Schifrin. The series ran until 1973. Martin landau and his wife Barbara Bain left the show at the end of its third season.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, C2)(SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(AP, 9/17/01)(SFC, 7/17/17, p.A6)
1966        Sep 17, Fritz Wunderlich, charismatic German tenor (Stuttgart 1955-58), died at 35 from falling down stairs, two months short of his Met Opera debut.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1967        Sep 17, Chicago chemist Ted Erickson (39) became first person to swim from the Farallon Islands to the Golden Gate Bridge. He also held the record for the two-way swim of the English Channel.
    (SSFC, 9/17/17 DB p.54)

1971        Sep 17, The San Francisco-based TV police series “McMillan and Wife" began and continued to 1977. It starred Rock Hudson and Susan St. James.
     (SSFC, 9/6/15, p.F3)

1972        Sep 17, "M*A*S*H" (MASH) premiered on CBS-TV.
    (AP, 9/17/97)

1973        Sep 17, Charles Horman (31), a US free-lance journalist, was arrested by Chilean security forces. He was executed the next day. His body was found months later. In 1999 US intelligence complicity was reported based on newly declassified material. Horman and student Frank Teruggi (24) worked for a newsletter that reprinted articles and clippings from American newspapers critical of US policy. Teruggi was executed on Sep 22. The 1982 film "Missing" was based on their story. In 2003 retired security officer Rafael Gonzalez (64) became the 1st person formally charged for the murder. On Nov 29, 2011, a Chilean court charged former US Navy Capt. Ray E. Davis (d.2013) in the deaths of Horman Teruggi. The court statement said retired Chilean army Brigadier Pedro Espinoza Bravo was also charged in the murders. In 2014 a court ruling said Davis gave information to Chilean officials about Horman and Teruggi that led to their arrest and execution.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A14)(SFEC, 2/13/00, p.A19)(AP, 12/11/03)(AP, 11/29/11)(AP, 7/1/14)

1976        Sep 17, The California Supreme Court ruled that the Univ. of California’s special admissions policy giving preference to minority applicants is unconstitutional. Allan Bakke had claimed he was the victim of reverse discrimination when he was denied admission to the UC Davis Medical School.
    (SFC, 9/14/01, WB p.6)
1976        Sep 17, NASA publicly unveiled the space shuttle Enterprise at ceremonies in Palmdale, Calif.
    (AP, 9/17/97)(HN, 9/17/98)

1978        Sep 17, In the 30th Emmy Awards winners included “All in the Family," Ed Asner and Sada Thompson.
1978        Sep 17, US Pres. Carter, Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt signed agreements at Camp David, Md. Israel promised to withdraw gradually from Sinai and to establish some form of autonomous Palestinian territory on the West Bank. Sadat’s astrologer, Hasan al-Tuhami, was the only person Sadat trusted. In the Camp David Accord "Israel was the winner and Egypt the Loser." Thus wrote Boutros Boutros-Ghali in his 1997 book: "Egypt’s Road to Jerusalem: A Diplomat’s Story of the Struggle for Peace in the Middle East."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(TL, 1988, p.119)(SFC, 6/2/97, p.D5)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)
1978        Sep 17, The International Banking Act of 1978 was enacted. It permitted a foreign bank to select its home state from among the US states in which it operated branches and agencies on the grandfather date. If a foreign bank's office that was established or applied for prior to June 27, 1978, is a branch as defined in the International Banking Act, then it is grandfathered as a branch.
    (WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A8)(www.bankersonline.com/regs/211/211-601.html)
1978        Sep 17, Rolf Gunther, East German priest, died from self immolation.

1979        Sep 17, Gov. Jerry Brown appointed Steven Lachs as California's 1st admittedly gay judge.

1980        Sep 17, The musical Les Miserables opened at the Palais des Sports in Paris. Boublil & Schonberg composed the music.
    (SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(www.hugo-online.org/070402.htm)
1980        Sep 17, Former Nicaraguan president Anastasio Somoza was assassinated in Paraguay. Enrique Gorriaran Merlo, Argentine super-guerilla, claimed responsibility. Merlo was captured in Mexico in 10/95 and extradited to Argentina where he had multiple charges against him.
    (AP, 9/17/97)(WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)
1980        Sep 17, South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae-jung was sentenced to death. In 1981 the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in Seoul.

1983        Sep 17, Vanessa Williams of New York became the first black contestant to be crowned "Miss America." The following July, she also became the first Miss America to resign in the wake of her Penthouse magazine scandal.
    (AP, 9/17/98)

1984        Sep 17, Oil heir Gordon P. Getty, with a fortune of $4.1 billion dollars, was named the richest person in the US. There were a dozen billionaires in the US at the time.
1984        Sep 17, Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney took office as Canada's 18th prime minister.
    (AP, 9/17/99)

1986        Sep 17, The Senate confirmed the nomination of William H. Rehnquist to become the 16th chief justice of the United States.
    (AP, 9/17/97)
1986        Sep 17, A bomb attack in Paris killed 5 people. This began a 10 month series of bomb attacks in France attributed to Lebanese and Armenian terrorists.

1987        Sep 17, The city of Philadelphia, birthplace of the U.S. Constitution, threw a big party to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the historic document.
    (AP, 9/17/97) 

1988        Sep 17, South Korea opened the XXIV Olympiad in Seoul. Closing ceremonies for the summer Olympics were held on October 2. North Korea refused to participate. Cuba and Nicaragua stayed away in solidarity.
    (WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_Summer_Olympics)
1988        Sep 17, Haitian President Henri Hamphy was ousted in a coup; Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril declared himself president the following day.
    (AP, 9/17/98)

1989        Sep 17, In the 41st Emmy Awards winners included LA Law, Cheers, Dana Delany & Candice Bergen.
1989        Sep 17, Hurricane Hugo slammed into several Caribbean islands, including St. Croix, which was the hardest hit. The 4 day sweep through the Caribbean killed 62.
    (AP, 9/17/99)

1990        Sep 17, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney sacked Air Force chief of staff General Mike Dugan for openly discussing contingency plans to launch massive air strikes against Baghdad and target Iraqi President Saddam Hussein personally.
    (AP, 9/17/00)
1990        Sep 17, Supreme Court nominee David H. Souter concluded three days of testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
    (AP, 9/17/00)

1991        Sep 17, The first flight of the McDonnell Douglas C-17 military cargo transport took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)
1991        Sep 17, The U.N. General Assembly opened its 46th session, welcoming new members Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, North and South Korea, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia.
    (AP, 9/17/01)

1992        Sep 17, A federal judge overturned the impeachment of former U.S. District Judge Alcee Hastings, saying he did not receive a fair trial by the Senate, which convicted him in 1989 of perjury and conspiracy.
    (AP, 9/17/97)
1992        Sep 17, Special prosecutor Lawrence Walsh called a halt to his five-and-a-half-year probe of the Iran-Contra scandal.
    (AP, 9/17/97)
1992        Sep 17, Feodor Chaliapin Jr. (87), actor (King's Whore), died after illness.

1993        Sep 17, President Clinton urged China to cancel an underground nuclear test, assuring the Beijing government it had nothing to fear from the world's other atomic powers.
    (AP, 9/17/98)

1994        Sep 17, Heather Whitestone of Alabama was crowned "Miss America," the first deaf woman to win the title.
    (AP, 9/17/97)
1994        Sep 17, As some 20 warships sat off the coast of Haiti, former President Jimmy Carter, Sen. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) and retired Gen. Colin Powell arrived in the Caribbean nation in an 11th-hour bid to avert a U.S.-led invasion.
    (AP, 9/17/99)
1994        Sep 17, Fifty-six miners confirmed killed in a gas blast at the Nanshan coal mine, northeastern Heilongjiang province.
1994        Sep 17, Sir Karl Popper (b.1902), Austrian-born philosopher of science, died.

1995        Sep 17, A 3-year old girl, Stephanie Kuhen, was shot dead in Los Angeles when the car she was riding in driven by Timothy Stone made a wrong turn into a dead-end alley in Cypress Park, and happened on a gang setting. Her 2-year old brother was wounded in the foot. Accused of the murder were Manuel Rosales Jr., Augustin Lizama, Hugo David Gomez, Marcos Antonio Luna and Anthony Gabriel Rodriguez. A 6th defendant, Marvin Pech, was expected to testify for the prosecution.
    (SFC, 5/14/96, A-20)
1995        Sep 17, Hong Kong held its last legislative election before the 1997 takeover by China, with some of Beijing’s fiercest critics the big winners.
    (AP, 9/17/00)

1996        Sep 17, A nonpartisan commission recommended that Ross Perot be denied a spot in presidential debates, saying he had no realistic shot at winning the White House; Perot vowed to sue.
    (AP, 9/17/97)
1996        Sep 17, The Clinton Administration and 15 timber companies struck a deal to protect old-growth forest in Oregon and Washington. The companies will log substitute groves less critical to fish and wildlife.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A2)
1996        Sep 17, Spiro Agnew (b. Nov 9, 1918), former governor of Maryland and US vice president (1969-1973), died in Berlin, Md., at age 77.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A1)(AP, 9/17/97)
1996        Sep 17, In Montserrat the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted for 48 minutes.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, T11)
1996        Sep 17, In Bosnia Alija Izetbegovic led the polls to become chairman of the new 3-member presidency. Serbian nationalist Momcilo Krajisnik and Croat nationalist Kresimir Zubak won their respective regions.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/20/96, p.A10)
1996        Sep 17, In Mexico Razhy Gonzalez, editor of the small Contrapunto weekly, was abducted in Oaxaca.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A10)

1997        Sep 17, Pres. Clinton rejected a proposed tobacco deal and planned to outline his own policy.
    (SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)
1997        Sep 17, Pres. Clinton announced that the US would not sign the int’l. treaty banning anti-personnel land mines after 89 nations rejected US demands to water down the accord. 89 nations endorsed the pact.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A1) (AP, 9/17/98)
1997        Sep 17, The US House of Representatives voted themselves a $3,000 pay increase, the equivalent of a 2.3% raise on $133,600. It was termed a cost-of-living increase and was opposed by the Senate.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 17, Montana passed a new law, effective Dec 17, that makes the entire state an offshore banking center, allowing foreign interests to anonymously stash their cash. Depositors could not be US citizens and a minimum of $200,000 was required.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 1/18/98, p.A18)
1997        Sep 17, Dr. Sam Sheppard's body (subject of the TV show "The Fugitive") was exhumed in Cleveland, Ohio, for DNA test.
1997        Sep 17, Bernard Richard Skelton (Red Skelton, b.1913), comic clown and actor, died at age 84 in Rancho Mirage, Calif. He made his debut on radio and Broadway in 1937 and appeared in 43 films. In 1979 Arthur Marx wrote his biography.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)(AP, 9/17/98)
1997        Sep 17, From Indonesia it was reported that government spending was slashed and projects for power plants and roads were put on hold in order to keep the economy on an even keel.
    (WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A17)
1997        Sep 17, The German Red Cross estimated that the famine in North Korea might be killing 10,000 children every month.
    (WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 17, In Macedonia the mayor of Gostevar, Rufi Osmani, was sentenced to 13 years in prison on charges of inciting ethnic hatred in the July riots.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A11)
1997        Sep 17, A U.N. helicopter slammed into a fog-shrouded mountain in central Bosnia and burst into flames, killing German diplomat Gerd Wagner, five Americans and six others.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A12)(AP, 9/17/98)
1997        Sep 17, In Vietnam Tran Duc Luong (60) was nominated to be the country’s president. Vice Prime Minister Phan Van Khai (64) was nominated to be the new prime minister. A week later Luong was elected by the National Assembly and Khai was confirmed as premier.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A1)

1998        Sep 17, In Apollo, Pennsylvania, nuclear-processing plant operators were ordered to pay 8 cancer-stricken victims $36.5 million.
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 17, David Chain of Texas was killed by a falling redwood tree logged by Earl Ammons near the Headwaters Forest near Eureka, Ca. Chain's family filed suit in 1999 against Pacific Lumber. In 2004 Patrick Beach authored "A Good Forest for Dying: The Tragic Death of a Young Man on the Front Lines of the Environmental Wars."
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/13/99, p.A28)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.M1)
1998        Sep 17, In Burma 10 dissidents voted to annul all laws passed by the junta in the last 10 years after constituting themselves as the elected parliament of 1990.
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 17, In Israel a Palestinian youth, Iyad Hashem (17), was killed in a drive-by shooting on the West Bank.
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A13)
1998        Sep 17, In Kenya the Central Bank took over the Trust Bank due to insufficient funds, the 2nd closure in 10 days.
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A22)
1998        Sep 17, In Ensenada, Mexico, 20 people were shot and 19 were killed by gunmen. The victims included 8 children. Fermin Castro (38), aka "The Ice Man," was the principal target and leader of one of 6 gangs linked to the Arellano Felix drug cartel. Castro, a native Pai Pai Indian, was tortured before being shot and was in a coma. In Dec. Tijuana police arrested Hector Flores Esquivias and Cruz Medina Perez, the wife of gang leader Marinez Gonzalez. In 2008 US immigration officials in Los Angeles arrested Jesus Ruben Moncada (33), believed to be one of the Ensenada gunmen, and turned him over to Mexican authorities.
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A12)(SFC, 12/5/98, p.A13)(SFC, 8/25/08, p.A3)

1999        Sep 17, President Clinton lifted key parts of the US trade embargo against North Korea following North Korea's pledge to refrain from testing long-range missiles.
    (SFC, 9/18/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/17/00)
1999        Sep 17, Jesse Gelsinger (18) of Tucson died after he participated in a Univ. of Pennsylvania gene therapy experiment. His liver had been injected with a virus carrying a corrective gene 4 days earlier. An FDA investigation showed that Gelsinger should never have participated due to entry criteria. In Jan the FDA halted all human gene therapy experiments at Penn.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A7)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.A14)(SFC, 1/22/00, p.A3)
1999        Sep 17, In Argentina a botched holdup in Villa Ramallo left 2 hostages dead and a 3rd wounded. A gunman was also killed and 2 arrested in the 20-hour standoff that was covered live on TV.
    (SFC, 9/18/99, p.A11)
1999        Sep 17, Japan inaugurated its $400 million Subaru telescope on Mount Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Subaru is the Japanese word for the constellation Pleiades.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A21)
1999        Sep 17, In Pakistan opposition politicians and the Christian community accused the government of colluding with Maulana Ajmal Qadri, leader of the Jamiat-Ulema-e-Islam, who had called for the killing of legislators who oppose Islamic law in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 9/17/99, p.D6)

2000        Sep 17, In Sydney, Australia, swimmer Tom Dolan of the United States won the 400-meter individual medley.
    (AP, 9/17/01)
2000        Sep 17, In Brazil gangs of armed gunmen broke into jails and freed over 200 inmates. 2 breaks occurred in Sumare and Santa Isabel. A 3rd took place the next day in Sao Paolo.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Sep 17, In Chechnya attackers gunned down Col. Shamil Azayev, deputy chief of police in Vedeno.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Sep 17, In Colombia government troops engaged FARC rebels at Dabeiba. The offensive had started Sep 13 and high casualties were reported. ELN rebels kidnapped about 54 people from roadside restaurants near Cali.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)(SFC, 11/1/00, p.A17)
2000        Sep 17, In Guinea a UN worker, Mensah Kpognon, was killed in Macenta where attackers also burned down the military garrison. Gunmen from Liberia were blamed. A second worker, Sapeu Laurence Djeya, was also kidnapped in the raid, and later released.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A8)(SFC, 9/29/00, p.D2)(AP, 9/17/01)
2000        Sep 17, In India 7 people were killed after police opened fire in Ahmedabad in Gujarat state following mob violence during municipal elections.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Sep 17, In Israel Prime Minister Barak signed orders to privatize El Al. He had recently pledged public transport on the Sabbath within 2 months and had the cabinet begin the legal process for removing citizens’ religion from identity cards.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Sep 17, In Korea a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Imjingak for a railroad to connect the capitals of North and South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Sep 17, In the Philippines military forces said 6 Abu Sayyaf guerrillas were killed and 20 arrested. The pursuit continued.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A8)
2000        Sep 17, In Sri Lanka government troops captured Chavakachcheri, 6 miles east of Jaffna. 4 soldiers and 1 officer were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)

2001        Sep 17, President Bush said the United States wanted terrorism suspect Osama bin Laden "dead or alive." President Bush visited a mosque in Washington as he appealed to Americans to get back to everyday business and not turn against their Muslim neighbors.
    (AP, 9/17/02)
2001        Sep 17, The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates by .5% to 3%. The discount rate at 2.5% reached its lowest point level since 1959.
    (WSJ, 9/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 17, Six days after 9/11, stock prices nose-dived but stopped short of collapse in an emotional, flag-waving reopening of Wall Street. The DJIA fell 684.81 to 8,920.70. The Nasdaq fell 115 to 1,579.
    (WSJ, 9/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/01, p.A1)(AP, 9/17/06)
2001        Sep 17, "The Late Show with David Letterman" returned to CBS with guests Dan Rather and Regis Philbin.
    (AP, 9/17/02)
2001        Sep 17, In Afghanistan Islamic clerics demanded proof from the US that Osama bin Laden was responsible for the Sep 11 terrorist attacks. They also requested that the Organization of Islamic Conference, a group of over 50 Muslim countries, make a formal demand for bin Laden’s handover.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 17, In Chechnya rebels shot down a Russian Mi-8 helicopter. 2 generals and 8 colonels were killed. An attack at Gudermes left 10 Russian soldiers dead. 15 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.B10)
2001        Sep 17, Macedonia approved the deployment of a modest NATO security force.
    (WSJ, 9/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 17, Pakistan virtually shut down its 1,560-mile border with Afghanistan. Some 1.2 million Afghan refugees in the North-West Frontier Province were confined to dozens of camps in the region.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.A8)
2001        Sep 17, Yasser Arafat ordered his forces to observe a cease-fire as Israel began to observe its Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashana. In clashes 1 Palestinian was killed and 15 wounded, while 4 Israelis were wounded.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.B10)
2001        Sep 17, In South Korea negotiators for the North and South concluded 2 days of talks and agreed on an exchange of family visits. The North agreed to soon begin construction on its side of a railroad to link the 2 sides.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.B10)
2001        Sep 17, In Taiwan tropical storm Nari flooded Taipei and other cities. At least 66 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A1)

2002        Sep 17, US Constitution Day: Article 1, Section 8: "The power to declare war rests with Congress."
    (SFC, 9/15/02, p.D4)
2002        Sep 17, The United States and its key global partners in Middle East peacemaking agreed to try to establish a provisional Palestinian state next year.
    (AP, 9/17/02)
2002        Sep 17, The US "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000" study was released. It counted some 62 million Catholics as the top of 15 faiths and listed the Mormons as the fastest growing with 4.2 million members.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A3)
2003        Sep 17, NBA star Patrick Ewing announced his retirement as a player.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2002        Sep 17, Elizabeth Coblentz (66), Amish cooking columnist, died. Her cook books included "The Amish Cook Cookbook" and "An Amish Christmas."
    (SFC, 9/23/02, p.B5)
2002        Sep 17, The foreign secretaries of Belize and Guatemala announced a proposed border settlement in their countries. The proposal retains the border between the two countries established in a 1959 treaty, which Guatemala has rejected, and suggests a series of measures aimed at sharing resources.
    (AP, 9/19/02)
2002        Sep 17, UN Weapons inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed to meet in Vienna in 10 days to complete arrangements for the inspectors' return. The UN said Iraq had abandoned its illegal surcharges in the oil-for-food program.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 17, Kim Jong-il apologized to Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi for abductions of Japanese citizens and offered concessions on security issues of global concern. Both leaders exchanged apologies. Of 11 Japanese on an official North Korea list of those who were kidnapped in the 1970s and 1980s, only 4 were still alive. Details of the kidnapped were made public Oct 2. North Korea announced that it will indefinitely extend its moratorium on missile testing as part of the North Korea-Japan Pyongyang Declaration signed during a meeting between Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A8)(www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/dprkchron.asp)
2002        Sep 17, In Paraguay police fired tear gas and water cannons to clear thousands of anti-government demonstrators from the capital's main square, injuring at least 40 protesters.
    (AP, 9/17/02)
2002        Sep 17, Rwanda began withdrawing troops from eastern Congo as part of an agreement signed with the Congolese government to end the four-year civil war in Africa's third-largest nation.
    (AP, 9/17/02)

2003        Sep 17, Wesley Clark, the retired general with a four-star military resume but no political experience, decided to become the 10th Democratic presidential candidate.
    (Reuters, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 17, Three former executives of Merrill Lynch & Co. were indicted on fraud charges related to Enron Corp.
    (SFC, 9/18/03, p.B3)
2003        Sep 17, Dick Grasso, Chairman of the NY Stock Exchange, resigned following a public outcry over his $139.5 million retirement pay package.
    (WSJ, 9/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 17, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates said his foundation would donate $51 million to create 67 small high schools in NYC. It was part of a larger plan by the city to create 200 small high schools to replace struggling large ones.
    (SFC, 9/18/03, p.A3)
2003        Sep 17, Iran's leading dissident cleric, Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, criticized the country's hard-line Islamic leaders, saying they should submit to elections and allow the country's young people to choose their future.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2003        Sep 17, An audiotape purporting to carry the voice of Saddam Hussein, broadcast on Arab television, called on Iraqis to fight the American occupation.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2003        Sep 17, The imprisoned leader of a Peruvian rebel group said his group has given up armed conflict and now wants to become a political movement. Victor Polay, in a published interview, acknowledged that the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement has been defeated.
    (AP, 9/17/03)
2003        Sep 17, Spain's leading investigating judge, Baltasar Garzon, issued the first known indictment against Osama bin Laden in the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2003        Sep 17, In Sri Lanka 19 million people shared space with about 3,000 wild elephants. As forests dwindled the huge beasts entered villages to forage in garbage dumps for food.
    (AP, 9/17/03)

2004        Sep 17, In SF Barry Bonds became the first new member of baseball’s homerun 700 club in 31 years, joining Babe Ruth and Hank Aaron. Timothy Griffith (21), was stabbed to death in a fight after the game. Rafael Antonio Cuevas (22) was arrested Oct 1. On Oct 27 the homerun ball was auctioned for $804,129. On Oct 10, 2008, Cuevas was sentenced 16 years to life for 2nd degree murder and ordered to pay a fine of $10,000.
    (SFC, 9/18/04, p.A1)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.B4)(SFC, 10/28/04, p.B1)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B2)
2004        Sep 17, The violent remains of Hurricane Ivan pounded a large swath of the eastern United States, drenching an area from Georgia to Ohio. Ivan left 70 dead in the Caribbean and 40 dead in the US including 4 in Alabama, 16 in Florida, 4 in Georgia, 4 in Louisiana, 3 in Mississippi, and 8 in North Carolina.
    (AP, 9/17/04)(SFC, 9/18/04, p.A16)
2004        Sep 17, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels killed two tribal elders who were encouraging participation in elections.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
2004        Sep 17, Tropical Storm Jeanne lashed the Dominican Republic with wind and rain that triggered mudslides and collapsed walls before it weakened to a tropical depression and headed toward the Bahamas. Eight were killed across the Caribbean.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2004        Sep 17, The main Chechen rebel Web site, Kavkaz-Center, posted what it said was an e-mail from Basayev, claiming his "Riyadus Salikhin Martyrs' Brigade" was responsible for the bombings of two passenger jets last month, a suicide bombing outside a Moscow subway station and the school siege in the southern city of Beslan.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2004        Sep 17, Backed by 4,000 police officers, the Colombian government seized control of the nation's largest pharmacy chain, saying its creation and expansion had been funded by cocaine trafficking.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2004        Sep 17, A suicide car bomber slammed into a line of police cars sealing off a Baghdad neighborhood as American troops rounded up dozens of suspected militants, capping a day of violence across Iraq that left at least 53 dead. Sheikh Abu Anas al-Shami, a spiritual leader of a group of militants, was killed when a missile hit the car in which he was traveling.
    (AP, 9/17/04)(SFC, 9/18/04, p.A1)(SFC, 9/23/04, p.A18)
2004        Sep 17, Mexico and Japan signed a free trade agreement that Mexicans hope will ease their reliance on the United States while encouraging Japan to build more factories there. PM Junichiro Koizumi wrapped up a four-day Latin American trip then headed for New York to pitch for a permanent Japanese seat on the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 9/17/04)
2004        Sep 17, President Vladimir Putin said Russia was "seriously preparing" for pre-emptive strikes against terrorists, as Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev took responsibility for a school hostage-taking and other attacks that had claimed more than 430 lives.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2004        Sep 17, Officials in Singapore reported that a soil-borne bacterial infection called melioidosis has killed 24 people there this year, making it more deadly than SARS or bird flu. The illness, also known as Whitmore's Disease, is listed by the U.S. government as a potential biological weapon but Singapore government officials said there was no sign it had been spread intentionally.
    (Reuters, 9/17/04)
2004        Sep 17, Gunmen killed a Venezuelan oil engineer and six soldiers near the border with Colombia in an attack that officials suspected was carried out by Colombian rebels.
    (AP, 9/19/04)

2005        Sep 17, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice told Libya the US was committed to closer relations with its former enemy, which promised to work harder to fight terrorism.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, Dow Jones, under chief executive Peter Kann, launched a new “Weekend" edition of the Wall Street Journal. Over 30 members of the Bancroft family owned 30% of Dow Jones shares and 62% of its voting rights.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.63)
2005        Sep 17, A Chicago commuter train was going almost 60 mph above the speed limit just before it derailed, killing two people and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 17, The UN urged Afghans to defy rebel violence and turn out in large numbers to vote in landmark legislative elections. Fierce battles near the capital and elsewhere killed nine militants and three policemen.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, Chile’s Pres. Lagos signed a reform of the constitution that deleted what he called “authoritarian enclaves" left in place from the dictatorship.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.38)(www.americas.org/item_21936)
2005        Sep 17, In China the 13-part TV series “Wise Man Takes All" premiered. It was backed by Vincent Lo, a Hong Kong and Chinese property tycoon, who modeled it after rival Donald Trump’s “The Apprentice."
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.67)
2005        Sep 17, A French special forces soldier was killed and one was seriously wounded when their vehicle struck a mine while patrolling in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 17, Germany’s 172nd Oktoberfest opened and will run to Oct 3.
    (AP, 5/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, The Indonesian government signed a contract with state oil company Pertamina and US oil giant Exxon Mobil Corp to develop Cepu block.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, The US military said that coalition forces in Mosul had arrested two alleged leaders of the al-Qaida in Iraq terrorist group. The military also said that Iraqi forces and US troops killed two insurgents and captured six in the city of Tal Afar.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, In Iraq a suicide car bomb wrecked three vehicles in a US convoy near Abu Ghraib prison, and insurgents fired seven mortar shells at the jail and used grenades to damage three armored vehicles in another American convoy in the area.
    (AP, 9/17/05)
2005        Sep 17, A car bomb near an outdoor market in a Shiite village east of Baghdad killed at least 30 people. At least 40 people were killed across Iraq.
    (SSFC, 9/18/05, p.A14)
2005        Sep 17, In Iraq insurgents assassinated Faris Nasir Hussein, a Kurdish member of parliament.
    (AP, 9/18/05)
2005        Sep 17, In Japan DPJ (Democratic Party of Japan) members, stunned by the loss of a third of their 177 seats in the lower house of parliament, chose Seiji Maehara (43) as their new leader.
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.50)
2005        Sep 17, PM Helen Clark's ruling Labor Party pulled slightly ahead in New Zealand's general election, despite a surge in support for the conservative opposition. A new political party representing New Zealand's Maori won 4 of 7 Parliament seats set aside for indigenous people in elections dominated by an opposition party's vow to scrap Maori privileges.
    (AP, 9/17/05)

2006        Sep 17, In California a fire in Los Padres National Forest crossed 60,589 acres, or about 93 square miles, since it began on Labor Day. Containment was estimated at 15%.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 17, Time Warner Inc. said it is selling AOL Germany's Internet access business to Telecom Italia SpA for about $870 million.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 17, In South Carolina Vinson Filyaw (36) was arrested and charged with raping a 14-year-old girl. Filyaw had abducted the girl on Sep 6 and kept her in an underground bunker. The girl was rescued Sep 16 after she used Filyaw’s cell phone to send a text message to her mother.
    (SFC, 9/18/06, p.A4)
2006        Sep 17, Elizabeth Blackburn (57), a biochemist at UCSF, was named winner of the Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research. She shared $100,000 the award with Carol W. Greider, a former graduate student, and Jack W. Szostak (53), a Harvard geneticist and longtime collaborator. Their discoveries included proteins called telomeres that cap the ends of chromosomes and regulate the longevity and death of human and animal cells.
    (SSFC, 9/17/06, p.B1)
2006        Sep 17, Five Duquesne basketball players were shot and wounded during an apparent act of random violence on campus. As of 2007 two alleged gunmen and two women who allegedly helped facilitate the shooting awaited trial.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2006        Sep 17, Patricia Kennedy Lawford (82), the sister of President John F. Kennedy and ex-wife of actor Peter Lawford, died in New York City.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2006        Sep 17, A top NATO general said Operation Medusa, an offensive aimed at driving Taliban militants out of their safe havens in southern Afghanistan, has been "successfully completed." In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber plowed his explosive-laden vehicle into a Canadian military convoy, killing one civilian and wounding five.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, In northern Austria a Czech bus veered off a road and into a ditch, killing 4 people and injuring 38.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, Iran's president made his first visit to Venezuela, seeking to strengthen ties with a government that also opposes the US.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, In Iraq a series of attacks, including two suicide car bombings in the northern city of Kirkuk, killed 24 people and wounded dozens. A series of near simultaneous mortar and bomb attacks targeting police patrols in Fallujah killed 4 people, including two policemen, and wounded 10. In Baghdad a bomb left in plastic bag exploded on the central commercial Jumhouriyah street, killing two civilians and wounding 8. The bullet-riddled bodies of 4 unidentified men were found in separate neighborhoods in east Baghdad. Another two bodies were found in the Tigris river in central Baghdad. Both had been shot, and one had been decapitated. Another blindfolded and bound body was found dumped in a river in the city of Kut. Ahmed Riyadh al-Karbouli (25), an Iraqi journalist, was killed in Ramadi.
    (AP, 9/17/06)(AP, 9/19/06)
2006        Sep 17, The Israeli Cabinet authorized an inquiry into the government's handling of the recent war in Lebanon, capping weeks of disagreements over the scope of the investigation.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, A strong typhoon swept toward southwestern Japan with fierce winds and heavy rains, leaving at least 8 people dead or missing and injuring dozens more.
    (AFP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, Voters in Moldova's breakaway Trans-Dniester region overwhelmingly approved a referendum for the separatist government's bid to eventually join Russia.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 17, A Nigerian military transport aircraft, traveling from Abuja to the southern town of Obudu, went down in the southeast with a group of military officers on board. 12 of 17 people were killed and most were senior military personnel.
    (AP, 9/18/06)
2006        Sep 17, Sister Leonella Sgorbati, an Italian nun, was shot dead at a hospital in Mogadishu by Somali gunmen, hours after a leading Muslim cleric condemned Pope Benedict XVI for his remarks on Islam and violence. The nun's bodyguard and a hospital worker were also killed.
    (AP, 9/17/06)(AP, 9/21/06)
2006        Sep 17, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels accused government soldiers in concert with paramilitary units of killing nearly 100 civilians in the island's embattled Jaffna peninsula this month. Sri Lanka's navy gunboats and war planes bombed a suspected Tamil Tiger arms ship.
    (AFP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, Peace activists around the world staged a day of action to highlight the "forgotten war" in Darfur where tens of thousands of people have been killed and more than 2 million left homeless.
    (AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Sep 17, In Sweden PM Goeran Persson, head of the minority Social Democrat government for 10 years, faced Fredrik Reinfeldt (41), who led the four-party Alliance for Sweden, after a campaign focused on getting Swedes back into the job market. The center-right opposition, vowing to streamline Sweden's famed welfare state, ousted the Social Democratic government with 48.1% of the vote, ending 12 years of leftist rule. Fredrik Reinfeldt (41), head of the main opposition Moderate Party, became prime minister. He authored the 1993 book "The Sleeping Nation," in which he criticized the cradle-to-grave welfare state. Fredrik Reinfeldt renamed his party the “New Moderates."
    (AP, 9/17/06)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.16)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.60)
2006        Sep 17, Pope Benedict XVI said that he was "deeply sorry" about the angry reaction to his recent remarks about Islam, which he said came from a text that didn't reflect his personal opinion.
    (AP, 9/17/06)

2007        Sep 17, President Bush, seeking to avert a possible confirmation fight over a more partisan candidate, chose retired federal judge Michael B. Mukasey to replace Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, A US soldier in Kansas filed a lawsuit alleging a pattern of practices that discriminate against non-Christians in the military. A superior had threatened to file military charges against Spec. Jeremy Hall after he tried to convene a meeting for atheists and non-Christians.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.A3)
2007        Sep 17, During a forum at the University of Florida, Andrew Meyer, a student with a history of taping his own practical jokes, was Tasered by campus police and arrested after repeatedly trying to question Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2007        Sep 17, In Detroit Davontae Sanford (14) walked up to police at a murder scene on Runyon Street, where 4 people were murdered at a drug house, and immediately became a suspect. Sanford, who was illiterate and blind in one eye, pleaded guilty in 2008 and was sent to prison. In 2015 an imprisoned hitman signed an affidavit taking responsibility for the murders.
    (SFC, 4/16/15, p.A8)(http://truthinjustice.org/sanford.htm)
2007        Sep 17, Microsoft lost its appeal of a European antitrust order that obliges the technology giant to share communications code with rivals, sell a copy of Windows without Media Player and pay a $613 million fine, the largest ever by EU regulators.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh said it has created a $1.25 million fund to settle 32 lawsuits alleging abuse or injury by priests.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 18, In the SF Bay area the East Bay Regional Park District approved a $6.63 million deal to add the 1,476-acre Tyler Ranch to its holdings.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.B1)
2007        Sep 17, Volunteers worldwide collected debris from beaches and waterways in a 22nd annual effort. A report by Ocean Conservancy in 2008 said 7.2 million items were gathered weighing 6 million pounds.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2007        Sep 17, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot entered a government office and blew himself up in the Nad Ali district center in Helmand province, killing 8 people, including 4 policemen. In Helmand province a gunbattle in Garmser district killed six suspected Taliban, while 9 others died in an airstrike in Kajaki district. An explosion killed a NATO soldier and wounded another.
    (AP, 9/17/07)(AP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 17, In London, England, panicky depositors converged on Northern Rock branches for a third day to grab savings from the beleaguered mortgage lender, the latest victim of a global credit crunch.
    (AFP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, Sotheby's canceled a London auction Set for Sep 18 after Alisher Usmanov, a Russian tycoon paid about 25 percent more than the estimated price for the art collection of the late cellist Mstislav Rostropovich. A government agency "presented some guarantees to Sotheby's that this transaction would be in the interest of the Russian Federation."
    (AP, 9/18/07)
2007        Sep 17, A new report said voracious beetles, that have ravaged more than 9 million hectares (35,000 square miles) of British Columbia's forests, have wiped out about 40 percent of the infested region's marketable pine trees.
    (Reuters, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, China and the Democratic Republic of Congo signed a draft accord in which China would lend $5 billion to modernize Congo’s decrepit infrastructure and rich but deteriorated mining sector. Congo’s government later announced that Chinese state-owned firms would build or refurbish various railways, roads and mines at accost of $12 billion.
    (Reuters, 9/18/07)(Econ, 3/15/08, SR p.3)
2007        Sep 17, German police arrested Augustin Ngirabatware, a former Rwandan minister, wanted by the International Tribunal on genocide charges related to Rwanda’s 1994 conflict. He was charged with genocide and crimes against humanity in October 2008 and pleaded not guilty. In 2009 prosecutor Wallace Kapaya said he has proof Ngirabatware stole money donated by the World Bank and IMF as well as cash from lenders including Austria, Switzerland, Germany, the US, Belgium and Canada to buy weapons and transport for the extremist Hutu militia known as the Interahamwe. Ngirabatware is the son-in-law of Felician Kabuga, Rwanda's most wanted genocide suspect.
    (AP, 9/20/07)(AP, 9/23/09)
2007        Sep 17, The Iraqi government said that it was revoking the license of an American security firm accused of involvement in the deaths of eight civilians in a firefight that followed a car bomb explosion near a State Department motorcade. Blackwater has an estimated 1,000 employees in Iraq, and at least $800 million in government contracts. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden car near a busy market in Baghdad, killing three people and wounding 10 in an attack that apparently targeted a police patrol.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, The Mozambican government authorized soldiers to gun down wild animals who are seen as a threat to human beings after a new report highlighted an increase in the number of deadly attacks.
    (AFP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, Nepal's political leaders held emergency talks with former rebel Maoists to try to persuade the ultra-leftists not to storm out of the government and launch nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, Pakistan’s Election Commission announced a rule change that would apparently allow President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to seek a new, five-year term while still serving as army chief.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, Saudi Arabia announced it has signed a 4.43 billion pound (8.86 billion dollar) deal to buy 72 Eurofighter planes, after tortuous negotiations on one of the largest ever British export orders.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, In Scotland a jury at Glasgow's High Court found Mohammed Atif Siddique (21) guilty of four offenses under British terrorism laws and a separate offense of breaching the peace, carried out between March 1, 2003, and April 13, 2006. This included causing a disturbance by telling fellow students he planned to become a suicide bomber.
    (AP, 9/18/07)(AP, 2/9/10)
2007        Sep 17, Sierra Leone election officials declared opposition candidate Ernest Bai Koroma has won the presidential run-off.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, Lars Vilks, a Swedish cartoonist who depicted Islam's Prophet Muhammad with the body of a dog, said that police have taken him to a secret location and told him he cannot return home following a death threat from al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, Ukrainian officials signed a $505 million contract with a French-led consortium for construction of a new shelter for the Chernobyl reactor, the site of the word's worst nuclear accident.
    (AP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 17, President Hugo Chavez threatened to take over any private schools refusing to submit to the oversight of his socialist government, a move some Venezuelans fear will impose leftist ideology in the classroom.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

2008        Sep 17, The Bush administration released $100 million in disaster relief to West coast salmon fisherman, $70 million less that was approved by Congress. About $63 million will go to California, $25 million to Oregon and $12 million to Washington state.
    (SFC, 9/18/08, p.A8)
2008        Sep 17, US federal prosecutors unsealed charges against alleged members of a global network procuring potentially sensitive electronic components for Iran. 8 companies and 8 people, including Iranian, Malaysian and British nationals, were charged with violating a US embargo that restricts certain goods to Iran.
    (WSJ, 9/18/08, p.A10)
2008        Sep 17, The US Coast Guard intercepted a submarine-like vessel carrying 7 tons of cocaine about 400 miles south of the Mexico-Guatemala border. The Coast Guard sank the vessel after determining it was too unstable to be towed to port.
    (AP, 9/20/08)
2008        Sep 17, The US non-profit “Do Something" group launched an IPO to raise $8 million. The 15-year-old organization promoted volunteerism among American teenagers.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.72)
2008        Sep 17, Gold prices rose $70 to close at $850.50, its biggest one-day price jump ever.
    (SFC, 9/18/08, p.C3)
2008        Sep 17, In SF the large “Wall Drawing #935" and “Wall Drawing #936," conceived by Sol LeWitt (1928-2007) and painted by his assistants in 1999, were painted over at the SF Museum of Modern Art. The museum retained the sole right for their reproduction.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.E1) 
2008        Sep 17, Philip Morris International said that it succeeded in its tender offer to acquire Canada's No. 2 cigarette maker Rothmans Inc.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, A roadside blast in eastern Afghanistan killed four US coalition soldiers and an Afghan. In Kabul US Defense Secretary Robert Gates expressed "personal regret" for recent US airstrikes that killed Afghan civilians, and pledged more accurate targeting in future. French Defense Minister Herve Morin said years of under-investment in defense by European countries was to blame for a critical shortage of international forces in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, Barclays PLC said it may pick up some of Lehman Brothers assets and employees in Europe and Asia, on top of the British bank's deal to acquire key U.S. operations from the failed investment bank.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, A packed "Bird's Nest" National stadium witnessed the formal end of the Beijing Paralympic Games, bringing down the curtain on a glittering 12-day sports extravaganza.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, A German court convicted 3 Turkish men of siphoning $25 million from the Deniz Feneri charity, which raised fund to ostensibly help needy Muslims.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.69)
2008        Sep 17, In northern Lebanon a gunfight between two rival Christian groups has left two people dead and three wounded.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, A second riot in three days at an infamous Tijuana prison left close to 2 dozen people dead and 12 injured. 2 American inmates were among the dead. Inmates at La Mesa prison rioted again because they have not been given food or water since Sep 14, when a separate riot led to the deaths of at least three inmates.
    (AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 17, Armed Nigerian militants, who have declared an "oil war" in the restive south of the country, claimed to have blown up a major pipeline in their latest attack on oil installations in the region. A spokesman for Nigeria's state oil company said that militant attacks are now cutting the country's daily oil production by about 1 million barrels a day, 40 percent of what the country produced before the militant campaign began three years ago.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, A CIA missile strike in South Waziristan killed 6 people as US Adm. Mike Mullen assured Pakistan’s leaders that the US respects Pakistan’s sovereignty.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A6)
2008        Sep 17, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed friendship treaties with Georgia's breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and promised them the backing of Russia's armed forces.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, Thai lawmakers turned to Somchai Wongsawat, the brother-in-law of deposed leader Thaksin Shinawatra, to be the new prime minister, setting up a showdown with protesters determined to tear down his political legacy.
    (AP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko said she would not resign as required following the collapse of the country's ruling pro-Western coalition.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)
2008        Sep 17, Suspected militants armed with automatic weapons, rocket-propelled grenades and at least one suicide car bomb assaulted the US Embassy in the Yemeni capital. The coordinated attack killed 17 people, including six assailants. The dead included Susan Elbaneh (18), a US citizen from Lackawanna, N.Y., who was recently wed in Yemen in an arranged marriage, along with her Yemeni husband as they stood outside the embassy.
    (AP, 9/17/08)(AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 17, In Zimbabwe a government-controlled newspaper said key aspects of the new power-sharing deal won't go in effect until next month, adding to concerns that President Robert Mugabe's agreement to cede some power for the first time in 28 years will founder.
    (AP, 9/17/08)

2009        Sep 17, Pres. Obama said he is abandoning Bush-era plans for a long-range missile defense system based in Poland and the Czech Rep. Czechs and Poles expressed rancor and relief that Obama was scrapping plans for the US missile defense shield on their territories, reflecting deep divisions over a proposal that had angered Russia.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(SFC, 9/18/09, p.A7)
2009        Sep 17, In Connecticut Raymond Clark III (24) was arrested at a hotel and charged with murdering Annie Le (24), whose body was found on Sep 13, stuffed in the wall of a research building at Yale on what would have been her wedding day. On March 17, 2011, Clark pleaded guilty to killing Le and faced 44 years in prison.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(SFC, 3/18/11, p.A4)
2009        Sep 17, In Washington state Phillip Arnold Paul (47), a criminally insane killer, escaped during a field trip to the Spokane County Fair that his mental hospital organized. Paul was committed after he was acquitted by reason of insanity in the 1987 slaying of an elderly woman, whose body he soaked in gasoline to throw off search dogs. Paul was re-captured on Sep 20.
    (AP, 9/19/09)(SFC, 9/21/09, p.A6)
2009        Sep 17, In Kabul, Afghanistan, a suicide bomber rammed a car packed with explosives into two Italian military vehicles killing six of those aboard and wounding four. 10 Afghan civilians were also killed. A US service member and a Canadian soldier died in separate roadside bomb explosions in the south.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 9/18/09)
2009        Sep 17, Brixton, England, officially launched Brixton  pounds (B£), a local currency fixed at a one-to-one exchange rate with sterling. It aimed to boost the local economy and build a mutual support system amongst independent businesses.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brixton#Brixton_Pound)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.56)
2009        Sep 17, In London the musical play “Enron," written by Lucy Prebble, opened at the Royal Court Theater.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.90)
2009        Sep 17, In Britain the Communication Workers Union called for a national walkout following a rolling program of local postal strikes that began in July. The strikes over higher pay and job security have already caused a backlog of 20 million letters and parcels, about a quarter of the Royal Mail's daily volume.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, Chinese state media said nine people have been killed and nine others are missing after Typhoon Koppu roared into the southern province of Guangdong. A knife-wielding man stabbed two guards to death and wounded 14 near Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The attacker, a 46-year-old man, was drunk at the time.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 9/19/09)
2009        Sep 17, In China a knife-wielding man stabbed two guards to death and wounded 14 near Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The attacker, a 46-year-old man, was drunk at the time.
    (AP, 9/19/09)
2009        Sep 17, An Egyptian judge convicted two American couples of human trafficking in an illegal adoptions case and sentenced them to two years in prison. The trial highlighted bureaucratic entanglements and murky legislation on adopting children in the predominantly Muslim country.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, In southern Germany an 18-year-old student armed with an ax and knives lobbed Molotov cocktails at his Carolinum High School in the Bavarian town of Ansbach, wounding eight pupils and a teacher before he was shot and arrested by police. In 2010 the student, identified as Georg R, was convicted of 47 counts of attempted murder and order to 9 years in youth detention and psychiatric care.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 4/29/10)
2009        Sep 17, Armed Indonesian police stormed an Islamic militant hideout in a raid that killed fugitive terror mastermind Noordin Mohammed Top (41) and 3 other militants in central Java. Putri Munawaroh (21) was wounded and arrested after police raided her house, sparking the gunbattle. In 2010 she was sentenced to 3 years in prison for harboring terrorists.
    (AFP, 9/17/09)(AP, 7/29/10)
2009        Sep 17, Myanmar's junta announced amnesty to 7,114 convicts at prisons across the country, but it was not immediately known if they included political detainees.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, Pakistan's military killed 10 insurgents and said it had arrested Sher Muhammad Qasab, a militant commander accused of beheading troops in the northwestern Swat Valley.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, In Pakistan-controlled Kashmir a speeding bus, whose driver apparently was eager to break his daylong Ramadan fast, spun out of control and plunged off a mountainous road, killing 25 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, Serbian men brutally attacked Brice Taton (28), a French soccer fan, in front of a downtown cafe in the Serbian capital before Partizan Belgrade's Europa Cup match against Toulouse. On Jan 25 a Belgrade court convicted 14 Serbs of the fatal beating of Taton. Two of the convicted remain at large and were tried in absentia.
    (AP, 1/25/11)
2009        Sep 17, In Somalia Islamist insurgents drove two stolen UN cars loaded with explosives onto the main base of African Union peacekeepers and triggered massive blasts that a witness said killed 21 people, including 4 suicide bombers, 16 officials from the government and AMISOM, the AU peacekeeping force, and the Burundian deputy commander of the force. Islamist insurgents said the attack was in revenge for a US commando raid that killed an al-Qaida operative. An hour later missiles were fired from the AU base strike rebel-controlled areas of Mogadishu, killing seven people and wounded 16. It was later suspected that one of the suicide bombers was a Somali-American teenager, Omar Mohamud (18), of Seattle, Wa. Al-Shabab said the bombing was in retaliation for a U.S. raid days earlier that killed an al-Qaida operative in southern Somalia.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 9/18/09)(AP, 9/25/09)(AP, 10/6/11)
2009        Sep 17, Spanish National Court Judge Ismael Moreno indicted three alleged ex-Nazi death camp guards, who are or were longtime residents of the United States, charging them with being accessories to genocide and crimes against humanity. Moreno issued international arrest warrants for the three: Johann Leprich, Anton Tittjung and Josias Kumpf. The 18-page indictment says Kumpf apparently lives now in Austria and other two in the US.
    (AP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, Spanish oil major Repsol YPF said it had discovered oil off the coast of Sierra Leone, its first find in the west African nation, along with its Australian, American and British partners.
    (AFP, 9/17/09)
2009        Sep 17, Ugandan cricket authorities said Six Ugandan cricketers are missing in Canada after playing in a qualifying tournament for next year's World Cup.
    (AP, 9/17/09)

2010        Sep 17, President Obama announced that legal scholar Elizabeth Warren will lead the efforts to found the new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) created by the new financial reform law.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, In New Mexico scientist Pedro Leonardo Mascheroni (75) and his wife Marjorie Roxby Mascheroni (67), who both once worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory, were arrested after an FBI sting operation. They were charged with offering to help develop a nuclear weapon for Venezuela.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 17, California’s budget stalemate officially became the longest in state history, surpassing the 78-day record of 2008.
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.A1)
2010        Sep 17, Chevron Corp. rejected new estimates of damages in the jungles of Ecuador that rose to a range of $40 to $90 billion. The suit stemmed from operations by Texaco from 1972-1990 when it managed a drilling consortium. Chevron bought Texaco in 2001.
    (SFC, 9/18/10, p.D3)
2010        Sep 17, Afghan officials said 19 election-related kidnappings have taken place in the country despite tightened security on the eve of a parliamentary poll the Taliban has vowed to disrupt. In northern Kunduz Afghan and NATO-led troops killed a Taliban commander who was planning election attacks. It was reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty this week started distributing 20,000 free radio sets to Afghans, including those in distant mountain villages and refugee camps. The operation, which will last for several weeks, will cost $500,000.
    (Reuters, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, In southern Afghanistan Corporal Dipprasad Pun, a Nepalese soldier in the British army, fired more than 400 rounds, launched 17 grenades and detonated a mine to repel the Taliban assault on his checkpoint near Babaji in Helmand Province. In 2011 Pun was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC).
2010        Sep 17, Bat Khurts, a key figure in Mongolia's National Security Council, was detained as he flew into London's Heathrow airport, for allegedly abducting a Mongolian murder suspect in 2003. On Feb 18, 2011, a British judge ruled that Khurts can be extradited to Germany.
    (AFP, 2/18/11)
2010        Sep 17, Cuba's Roman Catholic Church revealed the names of four more political prisoners to be released into exile in Spain, bringing to 36 the number freed and sent off the island under an agreement with President Raul Castro's government.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, India deployed soldiers on the streets of protest-hit Kashmir to restore order, as three more people were shot dead by security forces during violent demonstrations.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Israel reiterated its refusal to extend curbs on settlement building that expire this month, despite US pressure and Palestinian threats to walk out of peace talks. Israeli troops killed Abu Shilbaya (37), a Hamas militant and local leader of its armed wing, during a raid in the northern West Bank town of Tulkarm. Some 3,000 Hamas loyalists gathered to march in Abu Shilbaya's funeral.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Israel came to a virtual standstill at sundown as Jews began observing the start of the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, the 25 hours of fasting and contemplation known as Yom Kippur.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Japan's PM Naoto Kan named a new cabinet, including a hawkish foreign minister to handle an escalating row with China.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, The Mauritanian army launched an offensive against the North African branch of al-Qaida in neighboring Mali. At least 12 militants died and five Mauritanians were killed in the operation, which was launched inside northern Mali with permission.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 17, In Mexico gunmen burst into a bar in Ciudad Juarez and killed 6 men and a woman. Over 4,000 people have died in the city over the last 2 years as a turf war continued between the Juarez and Sinaloa drug cartels. Gunmen kidnapped 9 police officers investigating a death in the southern state of Guerrero. The headless bodies of two of the lawmen were found near El Revelado, the community where the police group was kidnapped. 6 more were found Sep 19 in a ravine. One survivor was located in Acapulco. Troops killed three suspected drug cartel gunmen in a gunbattle and also freed a kidnap victim near the industrial city of Monterrey.
    (SFC, 9/18/10, p.A2)(AP, 9/18/10)(AP, 9/19/10)
2010        Sep 17, Hurricane Karl hit Mexico’s Gulf Coast. At least 16 people were killed after several days of flooding and mudslides.
    (SFC, 9/18/10, p.A3)(SFC, 9/18/10, p.A6)(AP, 9/20/10)
2010        Sep 17, New Zealand politician David Garrett (52), a lawmaker with the minor Act Party, resigned from his party after admitting he stole a dead baby's identity to obtain a false passport 26 years ago. Garrett said he never used the false passport and eventually destroyed it.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Nigeria’s Pres. Goodluck Jonathan, current chair of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), said Guinea-Bissau risks sliding into anarchy unless a security solution, including taming the military, is found in the coup-prone west African nation.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Nigeria’s national security adviser to President Goodluck Jonathan resigned to compete against his boss to become the ruling party's candidate in next year's presidential election.
    (AFP, 9/19/10)
2010        Sep 17, In Pakistan 48 people died in a dispute over access to water in the Kurram region. Fighting near the border with Afghanistan between two tribes, one Sunni and the other Shia, has killed 102 people over the last two weeks.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, A Rwandan court sentenced an opposition leader to life in prison for recruiting rebels to fight President Paul Kagame's government. Deo Mushayidi, a former ruling party member, was also convicted of obtaining a passport through fraud and spreading rumors to incite civil disobedience for which he received shorter terms.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, Spain approved a request to ask that South Africa extradite former Rwandan army chief Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, who is wanted on charges of genocide and for the murder of four Spaniards in Rwanda in the 1990s. Nyamwasa fled to South Africa in February after abandoning his post as Rwanda's envoy to India. Four months later he was shot in the stomach outside his home in an upmarket Johannesburg suburb.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 17, A Sri Lankan military court convicted Sarath Fonseka, the former army chief who ran for president on the opposition ticket, of fraud. He could be sentenced to jail time. Three containers filled with explosives meant for road construction detonated outside a police station in eastern Sri Lanka, killing 25 people, most of them police officers. Police the next day said Improperly stored detonators likely triggered the dynamite explosion.
    (AP, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 17, On the island of St. Lucia a gunman walked into PM Stephenson King’s home-district office and killed a man who was waiting to see the government leader.
    (AP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 17, In St. Maarten two major parties expected to dominate the election of 15 parliamentary representatives who will lead the Dutch territory when it becomes an autonomous country next month. St. Maarten and Curacao will become countries within the Dutch kingdom when the Netherlands Antilles are dissolved Oct. 10. The islands of Saba, St. Eustatius and Bonaire will become special Dutch municipalities and respond directly to the Dutch government.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, In Sudan 13 people travelling to mourn victims of a bus crash drowned when their boat capsized in Sudan's White Nile state.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)
2010        Sep 17, In Zimbabwe about 300 civil servants marched through Harare demanding higher pay and benefits from money the state earned through recent diamond auctions.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)

2011        Sep 17, The Occupy SF movement began on Sep 17 with 6 people gathering outside the former Bank of America center on California Street in solidarity with protesters in NYC, who had set up camp in Zucotti Park near Wall Street the same day.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Missouri Jason Moore (31), unarmed and naked, died after being shocked by the stun gun of police Officer Brian Kaminsky in Ferguson. In November, 2016, a federal jury awarded Moore’s family $3 million. The city soon appealed the verdict.
    (http://tinyurl.com/z467epd)(SFC, 1/20/17, p.A7)
2011        Sep 17, In Washington state America’s largest ever dam renewal project began on the Elwha River. It was dammed in 1914.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.35)
2011        Sep 17, In Afghanistan one NATO service member died following an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Brazil a 14-year-old girl escaped and told police she was held and raped for four days by inmates after being taken inside the men's Heleno Fragoso prison in northern Para state. The teenager testified she was drugged, beaten and taken by a woman along with two other teenagers into the prison.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 17, In southwestern China a crowded tourist bus overturned on a mountainous road, killing seven people and injuring 30 others in Sichuan province. In the northwest a landslide caused by heavy rain plowed into two small factories, killing at least 10 people and leaving 22 others missing in Shaanxi province.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, Latvia held snap parliamentary elections. The left-leaning Harmony Center, representing Latvia's large ethnic Russian minority, won over 29% of the seats in the nation's legislature. An upstart party formed by former President Valdis Zatlers was in second place with 20.5%, while Unity, the senior partner in the current ruling center-right coalition, was third with 18.2%. Approximately one-third of Latvia's 2.2 million people are minorities whose native language is Russian. Many of them are so-called noncitizens who lack the right to vote.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, Libyan revolutionary fighters struggled to expand the offensive into Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte with street-by-street battles and commanders seeking to break open a new front against loyalist forces. At least three anti-Gadhafi fighters were killed.
    (AP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, Madagascan parties signed an agreement allowing the return of former president Marc Ravalomanana whose 2009 ouster plunged the country into a political paralysis. The agreement also called for a power-sharing arrangement by the signatories until presidential and parliamentary elections are held, with Andry Rajoelina in the interim remaining the president.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, In western Nepal 7 people, two of them children, were killed when a landslide triggered by heavy monsoon rains fell on Sulichaur village.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Nigeria Babakura Fugu, a relative of the slain leader of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect, was shot dead, only two days after taking part in peace talks led by a former president.
    (AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Pakistan US Ambassador Cameron Munter said in broadcast remarks that there is evidence linking the Haqqani insurgent network to the Pakistani government, a charge that could raise tensions in an already strained anti-terror alliance. An unmanned US drone crashed near Jangara village in the South Waziristan tribal area. Pakistani soldiers battled Taliban fighters in an attempt to seize precious debris. Three militants were killed.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, South African politicians joined hundreds of people who marched outside parliament to protest against the controversial secrecy bill which will be tabled in parliament next week.
    (AFP, 9/18/11)
2011        Sep 17, Thailand incinerated about $80 million worth of drugs from over 130,000 seizures across the country as officials warned there were an increasing number of very young users. Thailand, along with other countries in the region, has seen a marked increase in seizures of methamphetamine.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 17, In Yemen overnight fighting in the capital of Sanaa between rival army units left one dissident soldier dead and five members of the youths' security committee wounded. Thousands of anti-government protesters stormed the main university in Sanaa preventing the first day of classes. At least 20 other schools were kept closed as buildings were used by government-linked gunmen and soldiers who had defected to the opposition.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)(SSFC, 9/18/11, p.A6)

2012        Sep 17, The US government lodged a trade complaint alleging that China unfairly subsidizes car-part exports.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.37)
2012        Sep 17, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed SB661, which set a buffer zone of 300 feet for any protests at funeral homes.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.C1)
2012        Sep 17, NYC police arrested 185 protesters who had gathered for a one year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement to prevent them from forming “People’s Wall" around the NY Stock Exchange.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.40)
2012        Sep 17, In North Carolina new DNA evidence was presented in the case against convicted Dr. Jerry MacDonald (68) regarding the Feb 17, 1970 murders of his wife and 2 daughters. The evidence pointed to other suspects.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 17, Russell Train (b.1920), renowned conservationist, died at his farm in Bozman, Md. He was widely considered the father of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 under pres. Nixon.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.C6)
2012        Sep 17, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters burned cars and threw rocks at a US military base in Kabul.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 17, In Indonesia hundreds of people clashed with police outside the US Embassy in Jakarta.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 17, In Iraq slammed a car packed with explosives into one of the gates of Baghdad’s Green Zone killing 8 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, In northern Mexico 132 prisoners escaped from a state prison in Piedras Negras. On Sep 19 a judge ruled that the director of the prison and 2 employees and 13 other prison employees be held for 40 days under a form of house arrest pending possible charges.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)(SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, The government of Myanmar said it was releasing 514 prisoners.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, Typhoon Sanba lashed North and South Korea killing at least 2 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 17, In Pakistan several hundred people chanted slogans and burned an American flag in Lahore, leaving 2 dead. Hundreds of people battled police in Karachi for a second day as they tried to reach the US Consulate, leaving one person killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 17, Syrian warplanes hit Lebanese territory. 4 missiles hit the border town of Arsal, but no casualties were reported.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)

2013        Sep 17, Diplomats from the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China met in New York to discuss a Western-drafted resolution on eradicating Syria's chemical arsenal in line with a US-Russian agreement.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, In Massachusetts Geoffrey Portway was sentenced to almost 27 years in prison after prosecutors showed photos of a basement dungeon he had built related to online chats on kidnapping, raping, killing and eating children.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A7)
2013        Sep 17, The Oklahoma governor’s office confirmed that Gov. Mary Fallin has ordered the national Guard to stop processing requests for military benefits for same-sex couples. State voters had approved a constitutional amendment in 2004 that prohibited giving benefits of marriage to gay couples.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A7)
2013        Sep 17, The video game “Grand Theft Auto V," made in Edinburgh, Scotland, by Rockstar North, was released. Take-Two Interactive, the American owner of Rockstar North, expected to take as much as £1 billion in revenues.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.60)
2013        Sep 17, Bangladesh sentenced Abdul Quader Mollah, the leader of Jamaat-e-Islami, to death for crimes against humanity in the nation’s 1971 war for independence.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A6)
2013        Sep 17, A man (23) was attacked in London in the early hours as he made his way home from a midnight launch event for the notoriously violent videogame "Grand Theft Auto V." Three British teenagers, ages 14-17, were later charged over the stabbing and robbery. The victim remained in hospital in a stable condition. On Sep 20 game's publisher Take-Two Interactive Software said that it had raked in more than a billion dollars during the first three days of sales, smashing previous records.
    (AFP, 9/21/13)
2013        Sep 17, Egyptian police arrested Gehad el-Haddad, the main English-language spokesman of the Muslim Brotherhood, along with other senior members of the group on charges of inciting violence. Gunmen killed a military officer and a soldier in an attack on an army vehicle northeast of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 17, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said a report by UN inspectors, who investigated an August 21 chemical weapons attack in Syria, leaves no doubt about the responsibility of President Bashar al-Assad's government.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, In Greece Pavlos Fissas (34), an anti-racism rapper, was stabbed to death in the Keratsini area west of Athens by a man sympathizing with the far-right Golden Dawn party.
    (Reuters, 9/19/13)(SFC, 9/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 17, Guatemalan and US law enforcement agents arrested Waldemar Lorenzana, a suspected Guatemalan drug trafficker wanted for ties to Mexico's Sinaloa Cartel, the gang run by drug lord Joaquin "Shorty" Guzman.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, In Iraq attacks across the country left 31 people dead. Sunni leaders in Basra said unknown gunmen have killed 17 Sunnis in the Shiite dominated city over the past two weeks.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 17, Israeli soldiers shot dead a 20-year-old Palestinian militant during a raid on the Jenin refugee camp in the occupied West Bank. Islam al-Tubas, a member of Islamic Jihad, was shot as he tried to flee arrest and after Palestinians shot and threw firebombs.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, In Italy the Costa Concordia liner was pulled upright off the island of Giglio. The vessel will remain in place for some months while it is stabilized and refloated before being towed away to be broken up for scrap.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, In Nigeria extremists disguised in military fatigues attacked in about 20 pickup trucks and two light tanks firing anti-aircraft guns that overwhelmed soldiers armed only with automatic rifles and rocket-propelled grenades in Borno state. Returning villagers the next day found the bodies of 143 civilians killed by the extremists in Benisheik. Two soldiers and three police officers also were killed.
    (AP, 9/20/13)
2013        Sep 17, Hundreds of Africans seeking to enter Europe made a coordinated assault on the triple wall that divides Spanish enclave Melilla from Morocco, with about a hundred of them getting over.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, Philippine forces freed scores of civilian hostages as fighting subsided in the port city of Zamboanga, where MNLF guerrillas have been battling for more than a week.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 17, Rwanda’s National Electoral Commission said Pres. Kagame's Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) had won 76.2% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, A car bomb exploded on the Syrian side of the main Bab al-Hawa crossing with Turkey and at least a dozen people were taken to nearby hospitals.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, Police in Zanzibar, Tanzania, said they have arrested 15 people linked to terror groups including some connected to a spate of acid attacks in recent months.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A6)
2013        Sep 17, In southern Thailand protesters blocked a highway for a second day in a bid to force the government to increase a subsidy for rubber farmers, even though a curfew was imposed in the area after clashes with riot police a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, UN human rights investigators said inmates in North Korea's prison camps have suffered starvation, torture and other "unspeakable atrocities", in their first report on violations in the reclusive state. North Korea rejected the findings as part of a political plot.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)
2013        Sep 17, Zimbabwe Pres. Robert Mugabe accused a top mining official and ruling party loyalist of accepting a $6 million bribe from Ghanaian investors to obtain diamond mining rights in Marange. Mugabe said Godwills Masimirembwa took the bribe when he was head of the state Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation. A recent bipartisan parliamentary investigation concluded that tens of millions of dollars in diamond earnings are missing from 2012 alone.
    (AP, 10/17/13)

2014        Sep 17, The US Federal Reserve made clear that record-low interest rates will be around for at least a few more months.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 17, US Senate investigators blamed China for nearly two dozen successful hacker break-ins of computer networks belonging to Pentagon contractors. A yearlong investigation announced by the Senate Armed Services Committee identified at least 50 intrusions since 2012 against unspecified contractors working for the US Transportation Command.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, In California Wayne Allen Huntsman (37) was arrested and charged with setting the massive King Fire near his home in Pollock Pines, El Dorado County. The fire has burned 73,000 acres since Sep 13.
    (SFC, 9/19/14, p.A10)
2014        Sep 17, In the US version of the Mayors Challenge, announced by former NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the $5 million top prize went to Providence, Rhode Island. Its project called for improving poor children's vocabulary by outfitting them with recording devices if their parents agreed.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, The 21 winners of the MacArthur grants for exceptional creativity and accomplishment were announced.
    (SFC, 9/17/14, p.E2)
2014        Sep 17, In Iowa Shao Tong (20), a Chinese national and international student at Iowa State University, was reported missing. Her body was found Sept. 26. An autopsy said she'd been asphyxiated. Authorities said she had been killed after a weekend with Li Xiangnan at a motel. Li returned to China following the slaying. Xiangnan (23) surrendered to police in Wenzhou on May 13, 2015, and was arrested on June 19 to face a charge of intentional homicide. On March 23, 2016, Li Xiangnan pleaded guilty to killing Shao Tong. In June he was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 6/30/15)(AP, 3/24/16)(AP, 6/23/16)
2014        Sep 17, In Missouri police shot and killed a man (42) after he slammed his vehicle into a police car and then fled. Two officers fired a combined 25 shots after the man allegedly pointed a rifle at them in suburban St. Louis.
    (SFC, 9/19/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 17, In Texas Lisa Coleman (38) was executed for the 2004 starvation and torture death of Davontae Williams, the son of her girlfriend, Marcella Williams. Marcella (33) took a plea bargain in 2006 and accepted a life sentence.
    (SFC, 9/18/14, p.A7)
2014        Sep 17, A UN human rights team looking into complaints of torture in Azerbaijan said it had cut short its investigations because it had been stopped from visiting some government detention centers.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, The government of the Central African Republic said around 80 people are missing after their boat sank last week on the M'poko River south of the capital Bangui.
    (AFP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Chinese President Xi Jinping landed in the Indian prime minister's home state of Gujarat for a three-day visit expected to focus on India's need to improve worn out infrastructure and reduce its trade deficit.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Chinese authorities put Ilham Tohti, a prominent scholar from the mostly-Muslim Uighur minority, on trial for separatism as critics warned the prosecution will worsen tensions in violence-wracked Xinjiang.
    (AFP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, In China Lhamo Tashi burned himself to death in Hezuo city in the Tibetan prefecture of Gannan in the northwestern province of Gansu.
    (AP, 9/22/14)
2014        Sep 17, Fijians cast ballots in a landmark election hoping to end more than a quarter-century of political turmoil and eight years of autocratic rule. Military strongman Voreqe Bainimarama, who has ruled since he seized control in a 2006 coup, was the front-runner. Fiji First led the vote with 60% with the rival Sodelpa party at 27%.
    (AP, 9/17/14)(SFC, 9/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 17, An estimate by the French national auditor showed that fraud in France's indebted welfare system costs the country between 20-25 billion euros ($26-32 billion) per year and only a tiny fraction of that amount is ever recovered.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, French prosecuting judges in Paris dropped all charges of money laundering and fraud against nine people close to an exiled Iranian opposition group more than 10 years after they were arrested on terrorism charges. The five women and four men were among 167 sympathizers of the People's Mujahideen Organization of Iran (PMOI) who were rounded up in 2003 during a police raid on the outskirts of Paris.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Indonesia added more water-dropping helicopters to fight forest and plantation wildfires that are spreading haze across the region, limiting visibility and increasing air pollution.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Israel's Justice Ministry said Rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto, a multimillionaire celebrity rabbi with a following in the United States, has accepted a plea bargain in which he admits to attempting to bribe a senior police official, and could now face a one-year prison sentence.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Japan agreed to cut purchases of eel fry from neighboring countries by 20 percent as part of moves to protect the endangered species. The agreement with China, South Korea and Taiwan called for reducing eel hauls by 20 percent for one year, beginning in November.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 17, In Kosovo at least nine imams were among 15 people arrested in the second major operation in weeks to try to stem the flow of young ethnic Albanians joining Islamist fighters in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Libya's acting PM Abdullah al-Thinni sought to reassert authority over the country by naming a new cabinet. Libya's elected parliament rejected the new cabinet. Islamist fighters launched another offensive on the airport in Libya's Benghazi. 9 soldiers from a special forces unit loyal to renegade former general Khalifa Haftar were reported killed and another 30 wounded in the fighting over the past three days.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)(AFP, 9/17/14)(Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 17, Lithuania's president Dalia Grybauskaite proposed that investments in strategically important sectors of the economy should be vetted by the government to ensure they do not pose a threat to national security. This followed reports that a Russian-led company leased two large plots of land next to Siauliai airport in northern Lithuania.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Malta stopped a cargo vessel that was traveling from Guinea to Ukraine from entering its harbor for a medical emergency late today on fears the sick person on board could be infected with Ebola.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 17, In Mexico looters stripped supermarkets of food in Los Cabos three days after Hurrican Odile made landfall as a Category 3 storm. Electrical and water services were still out.
    (SFC, 9/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 17, In Nigeria gunmen stormed a government teacher training college in the northern city of Kano, firing repeatedly on fleeing students and setting off an explosion. At least 15 students were killed and 34 others wounded when police fought a battle with suspected Boko Haram suicide bombers in Kano.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)(AFP, 9/17/14)(SFC, 9/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 17, Pakistan's military launched airstrikes on five militant hideouts in North Waziristan, killing 40 suspected fighters as part of a massive operation that began this summer.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Philippine authorities arrested 43 suspected members of a syndicate that runs a lucrative online cybersex operation catering to clients worldwide.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 17, Puerto Rico reggaeton star Don Omar (36) was detained at a house in the northern coastal town of Vega Alta. Authorities said he was accused of threatening his 26-year-old partner.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 17, Alexander Fomin, the head of a Russian state arms agency, said Russia and Egypt have reached a preliminary deal for Cairo to buy arms worth $3.5 billion from Moscow.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Barcelona, Spain, captured the grand prize in a competition that spurs cities to develop novel approaches to improve urban life. Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced the Mayors Challenge winners, selected from 21 finalists, in Paris.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Syrian regime air strikes on Talbiseh killed as many as 50 people.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.25)
2014        Sep 17, Tunisia’s interior and defense ministries said police have killed 2 Islamist militants in clashes near the Algerian border.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, In eastern Ukraine shelling in the rebel-held city of Donetsk killed 2 people and wounded three others.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Pope Francis signed on Sri Lanka's first saint, bending the Vatican's rules once again to bypass the usual requirement that a second miracle be confirmed. Francis is expected to canonize the Rev. Giuseppe Baz, a 17th-century missionary, during his January visit to Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 17, Venezuelan cartoonist Rayma Suprani said she was fired from her newspaper for a caricature that used the late socialist leader Hugo Chavez's signature to satirize the state of healthcare.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)

2015        Sep 17, The US Pentagon said Moroccan prisoner Younis Abdurrahman Chekkouri (46) has been sent home to his native country after nearly 14 years at Guantanamo after a security review and notification of Congress as required under the law. He had been held at Guantanamo since May 2002 and was never been charged. His release reduced the prison population to 115.
    (AP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, US federal prosecutors said GM has agreed to pay $900 million to resolve criminal charges for concealing an ignition-switch defect linked to at least 169 deaths.
    (SFC, 9/18/15, p.A6)
2015        Sep 17, In Florida Anthony Moscatielo was sentenced to life in prison without parole for the mob-connected 2001 slaying of Konstantinos Boulis during a dispute over gambling ships.
    (SFC, 9/18/15, p.A6)
2015        Sep 17, Everett Parker (b.1913), a minister who used the communication office of the United Church of Christ as a platform for spearheading reforms in broadcasting in the 1960s and 1970s, died in White Plains, NY.
    (SFC, 9/21/15, p.A5)
2015        Sep 17, In South Dakota the bodies of 6 members of the Westerhuis family were found in their burned home in Platte. Authorities believed that Scot Westerhuis shot and killed his wife and four children before turning a gun on himself.
    (SFC, 9/23/15, p.A8)
2015        Sep 17, In Burkina Faso at least one person died and scores more were injured in protests after a coup led by a close ally of toppled strongman Blaise Compaore.
    (AFP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Croatia said it could not cope with a flood of migrants seeking a new route into the EU after Hungary kept them out by erecting a fence and using tear gas and water cannon against them. More than 7,300 people entered Croatia from Serbia in the last 24 hours after clashes between Hungarian riot police and stone-throwing refugees.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, The EU announced its leaders would hold an emergency summit on Sept. 23 to try to resolve the migration crisis.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, In France PM Manuel Valls signed a decree authorizing the extradition to Russia of jailed Kazakh tycoon Mukhtar Ablyazov. Ablyazov was notified in October at the prison where he is being held outside Paris. The businessman accused of embezzling up to $6 billion from his former bank BTA planned to lodge an appeal.
    (Reuters, 10/12/15)
2015        Sep 17, France said it will use a new European opt-out scheme to ensure a ban on the cultivation of genetically modified crops in the country remains in place.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, French startup Blablacar, which hooks up travelers who want to share a car for long-distance trips, announced it has raised $200 million in new funds from US and other investors as it seeks to ramp up global expansion. The company soon boasted some 20 million users in 19 countries.
    (AP, 9/17/15)(Econ, 10/24/15, p.61)
2015        Sep 17, In Germany police were called after reports that a man was waving a knife about on a street in Spandau, Berlin. The man, a known Islamic extremist, seriously injured a female officer before another officer shot and killed him.
    (AP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Indonesian police said they have identified seven companies and 133 individuals suspected of causing forest fires that are spreading choking smoke and polluted air across parts of western Indonesia and neighboring Malaysia and Singapore.
    (AP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, In Iraq bomb attacks claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group killed at least 23 people and wounded 68 others in Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Japan’s police said Jonathan Nakada (30), who threw himself out a second-story window as police pursued him, is being investigated in the slayings of 3 people inside the house and 3 more this week in the neighborhood near Tokyo.
    (AP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Kenyan security forces searching one of its ships at Mombasa port discovered undeclared weapons among the consignment of UN vehicles. The consignment of vehicles was from Mumbai, India, and was destined for the UN peacekeeping mission in Congo. On Sep 27 the Norwegian-flagged ship was reported released.
    (AP, 9/23/15)(AP, 9/27/15)
2015        Sep 17, Lesotho police arrested a 63-year-old Danish man after they found 21 pieces of female genitalia in his freezer at his home in Bloemfontein.
    (AP, 9/23/15)
2015        Sep 17, Mozambique declared itself free of landmines, ending two decades of work to rid the country of a legacy of war that killed or maimed thousands of people.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Nigerian troops rescued 23 men, 33 women and 34 children from Boko Haram Islamists in the villages of Dissa and Balazala, which lie in the vicinity of the town of Gwoza in Borno state.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 17, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said cholera has killed 16 people in three camps in Nigeria housing over one million people who have fled the Boko Haram insurgency.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Romanian prosecutors formally indicted Prime Minister Victor Ponta (42) on corruption charges, including tax evasion and money-laundering, and said he will be tried by the country's top court.
    (AP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, Switzerland ruled that former FIFA vice president Eugenio Figueredo, a Uruguayan national, should be extradited to the US, the first suspect facing a forced transfer in the corruption case that has shaken world football.
    (AFP, 9/17/15)
2015        Sep 17, In Syria at least 53 people were killed in air raids by Syrian government forces in rebel-held areas of the northern city of Aleppo over the last 24 hours. Syrian warplanes carried out at least 12 airstrikes across Raqqa, the self-declared capital of the Islamic State group. In the south regime barrel bombs killed at least 17 people in Bosra Sham.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)(AP, 9/17/15)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A2)
2015        Sep 17, In southern Thailand nine bomb blasts targeting different areas of Narathiwat province killed 3 people and injured 14 others. Police blamed separatist insurgents for the explosions.
    (AP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 17, A Venezuelan air force jet with two crew members crashed while monitoring an illegal flight that had entered the country near the Colombian border.
    (AP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 17, In Yemen the Saudi-led coalition targeting Shiite rebels pounded the insurgents' positions with heavy artillery fire on the outskirts of the central city of Marib, part of their push to retake the capital, Sanaa.
    (AP, 9/17/15)

2016        Sep 16, Oklahoma police Officer Betty Shelby shot a black man who ignored repeated requests to put up his hands before reaching into an SUV that was stalled in the middle of a street in Tulsa. Terence Crutcher (40) died at a hospital following the shooting. Police dash cam video showed Crutcher with his hands up and no weapon was found at the scene.
    (SSFC, 9/19/16, p.A11)(SFC, 919/16, p.A5)(SFC, 9/20/16, p.A10)
2016        Sep 16, A British judge ruled that Lauri Love (31), man accused of hacking into US government computer systems and stealing confidential information, should be extradited to the United States to face trial. Love was arrested in 2013 on suspicion of computer crimes but has not been charged in Britain.
    (AP, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 16, Canadian novelist W.P. Kinsella (81), author of “Field of Dreams" (1982), died in Hope, British Columbia. The book became the blueprint for the 1989 Oscar-nominated film of the same name.
    (SSFC, 9/19/16, p.C2)
2016        Sep 16, In Central African Republic by militia fighters killed 6 people and wounded several more in attacks in the central Kaga Bandoro region, the fiefdom of the Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (FPRC), an ex-Seleka splinter group, led by Noureddine Adam.
    (AFP, 9/18/16)(Reuters, 9/19/16)
2016        Sep 16, In northwestern China the government of Gansu province said that three officials face possible dismissal and three others have been reprimanded over the case of Yang Gailan, a villager (28) who axed her four young children to death and killed herself because she couldn't feed them. Yang's husband killed himself a week later.
    (AP, 9/17/16)
2016        Sep 16, In southern Iran a soldier killed himself after shooting to death three of his comrades.
    (AP, 9/17/16)
2016        Sep 16, In Israel three alleged assailants were killed while carrying out attacks on Israelis, shattering weeks of relative calm in Israel and the Palestinian territories.
    (AFP, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 16, In Italy Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (b.1920), former PM (1993-1994) and President (1999-2006), died. He was a highly respected economist who helped usher in the euro as treasury minister.
    (AP, 9/16/16)
2016         Sep 16, In Kenya angry protesters marched in Nairobi against plans to build an elevated railway line over the country's oldest national park, saying the project will threaten wildlife that includes lions, leopards and giraffes.
    (AP, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 16, In Myanmar seven soldiers were jailed for killing villagers in Shan State, a rare punishment for abuses by the army.
    (AFP, 9/19/16)
2016        Sep 16, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a Sunni mosque in Ambar, killing at least 36 worshippers and wounding 28 others.
    (AP, 9/16/16)(AP, 9/17/16)

2017        Sep 17, Police in Baton Rouge, La., said suspect Kenneth Gleason (23) was being held on drug charges and suspected in the slayings of two black men last Sept. 12 and Sept 14. Police said a racial motivation was being investigated.
    (SFC, 9/18/17 p.A4)
2017        Sep 17, In Mississippi a man wearing a Jason Vorhees mask from the horror movie “Friday the 13th" shot three people in Jackson, killing Kendrick Hughes (30) and injuring two others.
(SFC, 9/19/17 p.A5)
2017        Sep 17, In Oklahoma five teenagers in a pickup were killed when they crashed and plummeted 35 feet into a creek near Tahlequah.
    (SFC, 9/19/17 p.A5)
2017        Sep 17, In Afghanistan a bomb went off in a computer and mobile phone market, killing at least four civilians and wounding 15 others in Khost province. Another two civilians were killed in a separate bombing in the eastern Laghman province.
    (AP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, China official media said Beijing will suspend construction of major public projects in the city this winter in an effort to improve the capital's notorious air quality.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, In France a woman (41) was arrested after she attacked four American women with acid in the Marseille train station.
    (AP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, India’s PM Narendra Modi inaugurated India's biggest dam, the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada river, ignoring warnings from environment groups that hundreds of thousands of people will lose their livelihoods. The foundation stone was laid by PM Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961. Construction of the project began in 1987.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Iraq moved 509 wives of Islamic State group jihadists to a detention center in preparation to deport them after they were captured along with 813 children. Around 300 of the women were Turkish.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 17, In Iraq eight members of a paramilitary unit died in a booby-trap explosion in a school near the city of Mosul that was retaken from jihadists. 13 others were wounded in the blast at the school that was being used as a training center. Suicide bombers attacked a US-coalition base in northern Iraq, without causing any Iraqi or foreign casualties. All the attackers were killed.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)(AP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Kuwait said it has given North Korea's ambassador a month to leave the Gulf state and will downgrade its diplomatic representation with Pyongyang. A source said Kuwait will not renew permits given to North Korean workers to re-enter the country after projects they are currently working on are completed "within one or two years". Kuwait has also decided to stop issuing visas to North Koreans and suspend all trade relations and flight links with Pyongyang.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Abdullah al-Thani, the head of Libya's rival government in the east, called on the international community to recognize his administration which he says controls most of the North African country.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Macau's mostly pro-democracy opposition made slight gains in legislative elections. The opposition camp won five seats in the 33-seat legislative assembly, one more than at the last election four years ago.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 17, Pakistanis began casting votes for the parliamentary seat vacated by ousted PM Nawaz Sharif, in a by-election seen as a test of support for the Sharif dynasty ahead of the 2018 general election.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, In Pakistan a blast struck a vehicle in the Mamund area of Bajaur, killing five security personnel and an official from the civilian administration. The militant Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) group said it carried out the attack.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Hamas said it has agreed to dismantle the administration that runs Gaza, a major step toward handing control of the Palestinian enclave to a unity government after a decade of bitter rivalry with President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, The Philippine military said it has captured the command center of Islamic State group supporters who have besieged the southern city of Marawi for nearly four months.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, In Romania more than 200 towns and villages were affected by a storm that overturned vehicles, downed power lines and left eight people dead.
    (AP, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 17, Russia and Iraq restored scheduled commercial airline services for the first time since 2004, in what officials hailed as a sign of stability returning to the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, State-owned Saudi Air Navigation Services (SANS) announced that it was offering theoretical and practical training to 80 women per year to prepare them for work in the air traffic control sector.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017        Sep 17, Serbian gay right activists marched with their first openly lesbian prime minister through the streets of Belgrade, protected by police in riot gear as a helicopter flew low overhead.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Spain's paramilitary national police agents confiscated more than 1.3 million posters, flyers and pamphlets promoting the planned independence referendum by Catalonia's regional government.
    (AP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 17, Syrian troops seized a suburb of the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, tightening the noose around Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)

2018        Sep 17, President Donald Trump declassified a trove of documents related to the early days of the FBI's Russia investigation, including a portion of a secret surveillance warrant application and former FBI Director James Comey's text messages.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, US officials slapped the tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports, but skipped consumer electronics like smartwatches and Bluetooth devices, in a reprieve for firms like Apple and fitness tracker maker Fitbit.
    (AFP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley accused Russia of "cheating" on UN sanctions on North Korea and said Washington has "evidence of consistent and wide-ranging Russian violations."
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, In central Iowa Collin Daniel Richards (22), a homeless man, attacked and killed Celia Barquin Arozamena, an Iowa State student and top amateur golfer from Spain. She had been playing a round near her university campus. Richards left her body in a pond on the course and was soon arrested.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, In Afghanistan the Taliban launched multiple attacks on Afghan checkpoints as well as police and military bases in different parts of the country, killing at least 27 members of the security forces.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Angolan President Joao Lourenco welcomed Portuguese PM Antonio Costa to Luanda for the first visit by a leader of the former colonial power in seven years. Costa arrival kicked off a two-day trip designed to improve ties between Luanda and its former colonial master.
    (AFP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Public fears about sewing needles concealed inside strawberries on supermarket shelves spread across Australia and New Zealand. Needles were reported found in strawberries in all six Australian states.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, The Bosnian parliament approved long-delayed changes to a criminal code aimed at bolstering the rule of law and the fight against crime and corruption, which is expected to speed up the country's progress toward EU membership.
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, In Ethiopia demonstrators flooded Addis Ababa, blocking roads and shutting businesses in an explosion of anger following the killing of 23 people on the city's outskirts over the weekend. State affiliated Fana Broadcasting said Ethiopian police have detained 200 people in connection with the violence.
    (AFP, 9/17/18)(Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, In northern CongoDRC at least 27 were killed after a passenger boat capsized overnight along the Mongala River.
    (SFC, 9/20/18, p.A2)
2018        Sep 17, The International Criminal Court sentenced Congolese politician Jean-Pierre Bemba to a 300,000 euro fine and a 12 month sentence for witness tampering, but his sentence was reduced to zero due to time already served.
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, The European Central Bank unveiled new versions of the 100- and 200-euro banknotes with updated anti-counterfeiting features and a slimmer size that should make them easier to fit into wallets and purses.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Algeria to promote bilateral ties and discuss migration and the situation in neighboring Libya.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Israel targeted a facility of the Syrian Armed Forces from which systems to manufacture accurate and lethal weapons were about to be transferred on behalf of Iran to Hezbollah in Lebanon.
    (Reuters, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, The Israeli military attacked a group late today suspected of tampering with the border fence. Two people were found dead near the site of an Israeli missile strike at the Gaza border.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa (42) said that he plans to blast off on the inaugural private commercial trip around the moon and will invite six to eight creative people on the weeklong journey via the SpaceX Big Falcon Rocket scheduled for 2023. Maezawa is the founder of Japan's largest retail website.
    (SFC, 9/18/18, p.A5)
2018        Sep 17, Libyan authorities closed Tripoli's only functioning airport, diverting traffic to another one at the nearby militia-controlled city of Misrata after the UN-backed Tripoli government handed control of the facility from one militia to another, prompting the Transport Ministry to order its closure on security concerns.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) announced that one of its employees, midwife Saifura Khorsa, had been killed in Nigeria after more than six months in captivity by Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, In North Korea an international trade fair opened in Pyongyang and included more than 320 companies, with many Chinese entrepreneurs taking part.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Pakistan's PM Imran Khan pledged to grant citizenship to Pakistan-born children of Afghan and Bengali refugees who have been living in the country for decades. UN reports say Pakistan has the largest refugee population in the world, mostly from Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Pakistan's new government began auctioning off about 100 government-owned vehicles as part of new PM Imran Khan's highly publicized cost-cutting drive.
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Typhoon Mangkhut was confirmed to have killed 66 people in the Philippines and four in China, where it weakened to a tropical storm as it churned inland. In the Philippines 40 to 50 miners and their families were believed killed inside a chapel in Benguet province.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Romania began hosting a two-day Three Seas Initiative Business Forum, aiming to boost connectivity in Eastern Europe and improve ties between the region and the US and EU. Romanian PM Viorica Dancila met a top Chinese official, saying Romania wanted to export more to China and attract more investment from there.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan met in Sochi to try to come to an agreement over the Syrian rebel stronghold of Idlib. Russia and Turkey announced they would create a "de-militarized zone" ringing Syria's Idlib province.
    (AFP, 9/17/18)(AFP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, A Russian Il-20 reconnaissance aircraft, with 15 Russians on board, was shot down by Syrian anti-aircraft systems. Russia accused Israel of indirectly causing the incident, saying Israeli jets nearby had put the Russian plane in the path of danger.
    (Reuters, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 17, Hundreds of Russian Communist Party supporters took to the central square of Vladivostok to protest against what they said was the brazen rigging of a regional election in favor of a politician backed by President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Saudi Arabia's sovereign wealth fund said it has secured its first ever international loan, boosting the kingdom's diversification drive after its flotation of state oil giant Aramco stalled.
    (AFP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Church officials in northern Spain said the Vatican has suspended priest Jose Manuel Ramos for 10 years over allegations that he abused schoolchildren. An internal investigation concluded that Ramos had sexually abused minors between 1981 and 1984.
    (AP, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, It was reported that Turkey's President Tayyip Erdogan has defended his decision to accept a luxury plane from Qatar at a time of economic hardship, saying it was a gift, not a purchase, and that it had been donated to the Turkish state, not to him personally.
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 17, Turkish activists and the opposition expressed outrage after a court jailed 24 workers ahead of a trial over their actions in protests against labor conditions at Istanbul's giant new airport.
    (AFP, 9/19/18)

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