Today in History - September 28

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48 BC    Sep 28, On landing in Egypt, Pompey was murdered on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt.
    (HN, 9/28/98)(MC, 9/28/01)

855        Sep 28, The Emperor Lothar died in Gaul, and his kingdom was divided between his three sons.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

929        Sep 28, Wenceslaus I, duke of Bohemia, was murdered.
    (www.stfrancisvernon.org/stwenceslaus.htm)

1066        Sep 28, William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(HN, 9/28/98)

1106        Sep 28, King Henry I of England defeated his brother Robert Curthose of Normandy at the Battle of Tinchebrai and reunited England and Normandy. Robert remained a prisoner until he died in 1134.
    (HN, 9/28/98)(PC, 1992, p.90)

1238        Sep 28, James of Aragon retook Valencia, Spain, from the Arabs.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

1521        Sep 28, Turkish sultan Suleiman I's troops occupied Belgrade.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1528        Sep 28, A Spanish fleet sank in Florida hurricane; 380 died.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1542        Sept 28, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, Spanish explorer, stepped ashore at the present day harbor of San Diego and named it San Miguel. He went on to explore the coast of California. The tip of Point Loma in San Diego is the home of the Cabrillo National Monument, the second most visited monument in the US after the Statue of Liberty. The island of Coronado was named in honor of the Four Crowned Martyrs, Los Quatro Martires Coronados, on whose feast day it was discovered.   
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.16)(AAM, 3/96, p.52)(NPS-CNM, 4/1/97)(SFC, 12/26/97, p.C22)

1565        Sep 28, Alessandro Tassoni, political writer (Rape of Bucket), was born in Modena, Italy.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1573        Sep 28, Caravaggio (d.1610), painter, was born in Italy. His emphasis on the play of light and shadow invoked greater realism and set a new trend in painting. His paintings included “Boy Bitten by Lizard." In 1999 Helen Langdon published "Caravaggio, A Life." [see 1565-1609 & 1571-1610]
    (SFEM, 8/31/97, p.8,13)(SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.6)(MC, 9/28/01)

1607        Sep 28, Samuel de Champlain and his colonists returned to France from Port Royal Nova Scotia.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

1678        Sep 28, "Pilgrim's Progress" by John Bunyan (b.1628) was published. [see Feb 18]
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1781        Sep 28, American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their siege of Yorktown Heights, Va.
    (AP, 9/28/97)

1787        Sep 28, Congress voted to send the just-completed Constitution of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.
    (AP, 9/28/97)
1687        Sep 28, Venetians took Athens from the Turks.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1704        Sep 28, Maryland allowed divorce if a wife displeased the clergyman or preacher.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1708        Sep 28, At the Battle at Lesnaya the Russian army captured a Swedish convoy.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1745        Sep 28, Bonnie Prince Charlie became "king" of Scotland.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1781        Sep 28, American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their siege of Yorktown Heights, Va. 9,000 American forces and 7,000 French troops began the siege of Yorktown.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(MC, 9/28/01)

1785        Sep 28, Napoleon Bonaparte (16) graduated from the military academy in Paris. He was 42nd in a class of 51.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1789        Sep 28, Richard Bright, physician (Bright's Disease, nephritis), was born in England.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1794        Sep 28, The Anglo-Russian-Austrian Alliance of St. Petersburg, which was directed against France, was signed.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

1803        Sep 28, Prosper Merimee (d.1870), archeologist and playwright (Carmen-1845), was born in Paris, France.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/merimee.htm)(www.nndb.com/people/584/000107263/)

1815        Sep 28, Joachim Murat's fleet sailed from Corsica to Naples.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1820        Sep 28, Friedrich Engels (d.1895), socialist who collaborated with Karl Marx on The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, was born in Prussia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Engels)

1825        Sep 28, George Stephenson operated the first locomotive to pull a passenger train in England. The British engineers Richard Trevithick and George Stevenson were the first innovators of the technology. The first passenger train in America was the Baltimore and Ohio railway which opened in 1830.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1829        Sep 28, Walker's Appeal, a racial antislavery pamphlet, was published in Boston.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1833        Sep 28, Lemuel Haynes, Revolutionary War veteran, died at 88.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1839        Sep 28, Frances E.C. Willard, founder of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, was born in NY.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1841        Sep 28, Georges Clemenceau, premier of France during World War I, was born. He served as premier from 1906-09 and 1917-1920.
    (HN, 9/28/98)(MC, 9/28/01)

1848        Sep 28, Lajos Kossuth, finance minister, assumed control of the revolution in Hungary.
    (www.thenagain.info/WebChron/EastEurope/Kossuth.html)

1850        Sep 28, Flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.
    (AP, 9/28/97)

1858        Sep 28, Donati's comet became the 1st to be photographed.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1864        Sep 28, Union General William Rosecrans blamed his defeat at Chickamauga on two of his subordinate generals. They were later exonerated by a court of inquiry.
    (HN, 9/28/98)
1864        Sep 28-30, The Battle of Fort Harrison Va. (Chaffin's Farm New Market Heights).
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1868        Sep 28, In the Opelousas Massacre at St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, 200 blacks were killed.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1874        Sep 28, Colonel Ranald Mackenzie (d.1889) raided a war camp of Comanche and Kiowa at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their horses.
    (HN, 9/28/98)(SFCM, 3/11/01, p.53)

1891        Sep 28, Herman Melville (b.1819), writer (Billy Budd, Moby Dick), died at 72. In 1921 Raymond Weaver authored a pioneering study of Melville. In 2002 Hershel Parker authored "Herman Melville: A Biography, Volume 2." In 2005 Andrew Delbanco authored “Melville: His World and Work."
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.M5)(SSFC, 10/2/05, p.F6)(WSJ, 10/6/05, p.D8)

1895        Sep 28, Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (Pasteurization), died at 72.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1901        Sep 28, Ed Sullivan, television host was born. [see Sep 28, 1902]
    (HN, 9/28/00)
1901        Sep 28, At Balangiga on Samar Island, Philippine villagers surprised the US military Company C, 9th Infantry Regiment. Church bells, used to signal the attack, were taken by the Americans. 38 of 74 US soldiers were killed and all the rest but 6 were wounded. Philippine casualties were estimated at 50-250 with 48 American soldiers killed.
    (WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A6)(SFC, 10/18/03, p.A18)

1902        Sep 28, Ed Sullivan, television host, was born. He was also a newspaper columnist and radio host. “The Ed Sullivan Show" first aired in 1948.  His show had many debut acts including Lewis and Martin, Elvis, the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. [see Sep 28, 1901]
    (MC, 9/28/01)
1902        Sep 28, Emile Zola (b.1840), novelist (Nana, Germinal, J'accuse), died by asphyxiation in his Paris apartment at age 62. In 1895 he began taking photographs and took some 7,000 pictures before his death.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.C6)(MC, 9/28/01)      

1904        Sep 28, A woman was placed under arrest for smoking a cigarette on New York's Fifth Avenue.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

1906        Sep 28, US troops reoccupied Cuba. They stayed until 1909.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1909        Sep 28, Al Capp (Alfred Gerald Caplin), cartoonist, was born in New Haven, Ct. From 1934 until 1977, Capp wrote and drew the cartoon, "Li’l Abner", with its cast of wonderful characters, Mammy and Pappy Yokum, their son Abner, the lovely Daisy Mae, Fearless Fosdick and the lovable Schmoos. Al Capp even invented a holiday, Sadie Hawkins Day. "Don't be a pal to your son. Be his father. What child needs a 40-year-old for a friend?" 
    (HN, 9/28/98)(AP, 11/11/99)(MC, 9/28/01)

1912        Sep 28, W.C. Handy’s “Memphis Blues" was published. It was the first published blues composition. [see Sep 27]
    (HN, 9/28/98)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.E3)
1912        Sep 28, The SS Kichemaru disappeared in a storm off the Japanese coast and 1,000 died.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1913        Sep 28, Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi, killed 10 people.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

1914        Sep 28, San Francisco city engineer M.M. O’Shaughnessy presented the completed Stockton Street tunnel to the city through Andrew Gallagher, chairman of the Tunnel Committee of the Board of Supervisors.
    (SSFC, 12/28/14, DB p.38)

1915        Sep 28, Ethel Rosenberg, who, with her husband Julius, became one of the first American civilians executed for espionage, was born.
    (HN, 9/28/98)
1915        Sep 28, At the Battle of Kut-el-Amara the British defeated the Turks in Mesopotamia.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1920        Sep 28, 8 White Sox players were indicted for throwing the 1919 World Series (Black Sox scandal). [see Sep 27]
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1922        Sep 28, Mussolini marched on Rome.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1923        Sep 28, William Windom, actor (Farmer's Daughter, Murder She Wrote), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1924        Sep 28, Marcello Mastroianni (d.1996), Italian actor, was born. His films included “La Dolce Vita" and “8 ½."
    (HN, 9/28/00)
1924        Sep 28, Two US Army planes landed in Seattle, Wash., having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days. Three U.S. Army aircraft arrived in Seattle, Washington, after completing a 22 day round-the-world flight.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(HN, 9/28/98)

1925        Sep 28, Seymour Cray (d1996), computer expert, was born. His computers were all designed along RISC lines (Reduced Instruction Set Computing), for which credit is often given to IBM design work in the 1970s. He invented “vector processing" which involved chaining together long series of calculations in specialized hardware to expedite solutions.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, C12)
1925        Sep 28, William Schlich b.1840), German-born forester, died in Oxford. He worked extensively in India and for the British administration. His 5-volume “Manual of Forestry" (1889-1996) became the standard and enduring textbook for forestry students.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Philipp_Daniel_Schlich)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.16)

1928        Sep 28, Prussia forbade a speech by Adolf Hitler.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1930        Sep 28, Lou Gehrig's errorless streak ended at 885 consecutive games.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1931        Sep 28, In Peking some 200,000 demonstrators demanded a declaration of war on Japan.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1934        Sep 28, Brigitte Bardot, French film actress, sex kitten (And God Created Women), was born in Paris.
    (HN, 9/28/00)(MC, 9/28/01)

1937        Sep 28, FDR dedicated Bonneville Dam on Columbia River in Oregon.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1938        Sep 28, Ben E. King, was born. He was the lead singer of The Drifters and composer of “Spanish Harlem" and “Stand by Me."
    (HN, 9/28/00)
1938        Sep 28, Koko Taylor, blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 9/28/00)

1939        Sep 28, The Boundary and Friendship Treaty between the USSR and Germany was supplemented by secret protocols to amend the secret protocols of Aug 23. Among other things Lithuania was reassigned to the Soviet sphere of influence. Poland’s partition line was moved eastwards from the Vistula line to the line of the Bug. Germany kept a small part of south-west Lithuania, the Uznemune region. A separate Soviet mutual defense pact was signed with Estonia that allowed 25,000 Soviet troops to be stationed there.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.3)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(AP, 9/28/97)

1941        Sep 28, Ted Williams ended the baseball season with .406 batting avg.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1942        Sep 28, Luftwaffe bombed Stalingrad.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1943        Sep 28, J.T. Walsh, actor (Col. Frank Bach, Dark Skies), was born.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1944        Sep 28, At the Battle of Arnhem the Germans defeated the British airborne in Netherlands.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1949        Sep 28, "My Friend Irma" was 1st of 12 films starring Dean Martin & Jerry Lewis.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1953        Sep 28, The "Bob & Ray Show," TV Variety, last aired on NBC.
    (MC, 9/28/01)
1953        Sep 28, Edwin P. Hubble (b.1889), astronomer, died at age 63. He discovered that the more distant a galaxy seemed to be, the more its light was shifted toward the lower frequencies. This is know as the Doppler redshift, named after C.J. Doppler, an Austrian Physicist (1803-1853).
    (WUB, 1995, p.426)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Hubble)

1954        Sep 28, Patrick McCarran (b.1876), Nevada US Senator since 1932, died in Hawthorne, Nevada. In 2004 Michael J. Ybarra authored “Washington Gone Crazy: Senator Pat McCarran and the Great American Communist Hunt."
    (www.aoc.gov/cc/art/nsh/mccarran.htm)

1956        Sep 28, RCA Records reported Elvis Presley sold over 10 million records.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1958        Sep 28, Voters in the African country of Guinea overwhelmingly favored independence from France.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

1959        Sep 28, Explorer VI, the U.S. satellite, took the first video pictures of earth.
    (HN, 9/28/98)
1959        Sep 28, Gerard Hoffnung, artist, humorist, musician, died.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1960        Sep 28, "Millionaire," last aired on CBS-TV.
    (MC, 9/28/01)
1960        Sep 28, "Sunrise at Campobello" premiered at Palace theater.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1961        Sep 28, Richard Nixon jumped into the race for governor of California and said he would not run for president in 1964.
    (SSFC, 9/25/11, DB p.42)
1961        Sep 28, “Dr. Kildare," starring Richard Chamberlain and Raymond Massey, and “Hazel," starring Shirley Booth, premiered on NBC TV.
    (AP, 9/28/01)

1963        Sep 28, "New Phil Silvers Show," debuted on CBS-TV.
    (MC, 9/28/01)
1963        Sep 28, Murray The K, a NY DJ played "She Loves You" on the radio.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1964        Sep 28, Harpo [Arthur] Marx, comedian (Marx Bros), died at 75.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1965        Sep 28, A volcano exploded on Luzon, Philippines; 500 killed.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1967        Sep 28, Moon Zappa, singer, was born. Valley Girl, actress: Dark Side of Genius, Heartstopper, Spirit of '76, The Boys Next Door; daughter of the famous singer, Frank Zappa.
    (MC, 9/28/01)
1967        Sep 28, Walter E. Washington (d.2003) took office as the first mayor of the District of Columbia. He had been appointed mayor-commissioner by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson and won by election in 1974.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 11/1/03, p.A20)

1968        Sep 28, Beatles' "Hey Jude" single went #1 and stayed #1 for 9 weeks.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hey_Jude)

1969        Sep 28, The Murchison Meteorite crashed into Australia. It was found to contain amino acids and frozen ice.
    (TMP, KCTS-Video, 1987)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murchison_meteorite)

1970        Sep 28, John Roderigo Dos Passos (b.1896), US writer (Manhattan Transfer), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Dos_Passos)
1970        Sep 28, In Egypt Pres. Gamal Abdul Nasser (b.1918) died of a heart attack. He became president in 1953. Anwar Sadat replaced Nasser.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamal_Abdel_Nasser)

1971        Sep 28, Cardinal Josef Mindszenty (1892-1975) of Hungary, who had spent 15 years in refuge in the US Embassy in Budapest, ended his exile and flew to Rome.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3zsef_Mindszenty)

1972        Sep 28, Japan and Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 9/28/97)

1974        Sep 28, First lady Betty Ford underwent a mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Medical Center in Maryland, following discovery of a cancerous lump in her breast.
    (AP, 9/28/97)

1976        Sep 28, Muhammad Ali kept his world heavyweight boxing championship with a close 15-round decision over Ken Norton at New York's Yankee Stadium.
    (AP, 9/28/01)

1977        Sep 28, The Japanese Red Army hijacked a Japan Airlines plane over India. The Douglas DC-8, en route from Paris to Haneda Airport in Tokyo with 156 people on board, stopped in Mumbai, India. After taking off from Mumbai, five armed JRA members hijacked the aircraft and ordered it flown to Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Japanese government freed 6 imprisoned members of the group and paid $6 million in ransom. On October 2 the hijackers released 118 passengers and crewmembers. The remaining hostages were freed later.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan_Airlines)

1978        Sep 28, Rosemary Cobbs (26), a graduate student at USC in Los Angeles, was beaten and shot to death by Stevie Lamar Fields (22). Williams had been out of prison for just 2 weeks when he went on a 3-week crime spree. In 2007 a federal appeals court reinstated his death sentence.
    (SFC, 9/11/07, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/2osxw8)
1978        Sep 28, Israeli Knesset endorsed the Camp David accord.
    (http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761590224/Camp_David_Accords.html)
1978        Sep 28, Pope John Paul I [Albino Luciano] died after 33 days as pope. He was found dead the next day in his Vatican apartment.
    (www.prose-n-poetry.com/display_work/10583/)(AP, 9/29/97)

1980        Sep 28, Carl Sagan's 13 part "Cosmos" premiered on PBS.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0081846/)
1980        Sep 28, Lanford Wilson's "Balm in Gilead," premiered in Chicago on the Steppenwolf stage. In 1984 it moved to NYC.
    (www.tomwaitslibrary.com/Theatre/Balmingilead/balmingilead.htm)

1981        Sep 28, US Pres. Ronald Reagan designated, October 24, 1981, as United Nations Day. In 2002, September 21 was declared the annual date for "commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace both within and among all nations and peoples."
    (AFP, 9/20/09)(www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1981/92881d.htm)

1985        Sep 28, There was a race riot in the London area of Brixton.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brixton_riot_(1985))

1987        Sep 28, US Rep. Patricia Schroeder, D-Colo., announced in Denver that she would not run for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/28/97)
1987        Sep 28, Mehdi Hashemi, Iranian aid of Ayatollah Khomeini, was shot for treason.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1987-9/1987-09-28-CBS-9.html)

1988        Sep 28, President Reagan vetoed legislation designed to toughen curbs in textile, apparel and shoe imports, arguing it would have "disastrous effects" on the economy at a time when exports were growing.
    (AP, 9/28/98)

1989        Sep 28, Deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72. He was the author of 2 books: "The Law of Human Rights in the Philippines" and "Democracy in the Philippines." Marcos’ corrupt US backed regime in the Philippines spanned over twenty years. Corazon Aquino was his successor.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 5/12/97, p.A18)

1990        Sep 28, The exiled emir of Kuwait visited the White House, where he told President Bush the Iraqis were destroying and looting his country.
    (AP, 9/28/00)

1991        Sep 28, The quotable former District of Columbia Mayor Marion Barry was sentenced to six months in prison for possession of crack (a crystalline form of cocaine).
    (http://tinyurl.com/ky3hv)
1991        Sep 28, Jazz great Miles Davis died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 65.
    (AP, 9/28/01)
1991        Sep 28, Stanislau Shushkevich became the first leader and head of state of independent Belarus after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislau_Shushkevich)
1991        Sep 28, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev praised President Bush's pledge to drastically reduce the U.S. nuclear arsenal, and promised to “reciprocate."
    (AP, 9/28/01)
1991        Sep 28, U.N. weapons inspectors ended a five-day standoff with Iraq over documents relating to Iraq's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 9/28/01)

1992        Sep 28, Aides to President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton met in Dallas with supporters of Ross Perot, who hinted afterward he might re-enter the presidential race.
    (AP, 9/28/97)
1992        Sep 28, Gloria Estefan and a cavalcade of musicians and comedians raised one-point-three-million dollars at a hurricane relief concert in Miami.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0002065/)
1992        Sep 28, A Pakistani jetliner crashed in Nepal, killing all 167 people aboard. The crew had miscalculated their altitude.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A10)

1993        Sep 28, First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton went to Capitol Hill to begin selling the administration's health care plan to Congress.
    (AP, 9/28/98)
1993        Sep 28, Peter De Vries (b.1910), novelist, essayist (New Yorker), died at 83.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_De_Vries)

1994        Sep 28, The film "Ed Wood" premiered. A stranger-than-fiction true story of the early career of Edward D. Wood, Jr., the undisputed "worst movie director of all time." Director Ed Wood died in 1978.
    (www.bestprices.com/cgi-bin/vlink/786936212501IE.html)
1994        Sep 28, CIA Director R. James Woolsey announced reprimands of 11 senior officers in the wake of the Aldrich Ames spy scandal.
    (AP, 9/28/99)
1994        Sep 28, Harry Saltzman (78), producer (Dr No, Nijinski), died.
    (www.eofftv.com/names/s/sal/saltzman_harry_main.htm)
1994        Sep 28, More than 900 (909) people died when the ferry Estonia capsized and sank off the Finnish coast in the Baltic sea. 852 people of 989 onboard were killed. In 1999 evidence was reported that 3 explosive devices had been placed on the ship's visor-like bow door.
    (AP, 9/28/99)(SFC, 12/31/99, p.A16)
1994        Sep 28, In Mexico Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu, the No. 2 man of the governing Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was murdered. Raul Salinas de Gortari was later arrested and accused of masterminding the murder. Manuel Munoz Rocha, a federal congressman, disappeared after the 9/28/94 slaying of Ruiz Massieu. Prosecutors later said that Salinas and Rocha conspired to kill Massieu. Raul Salinas was convicted in 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A-15)(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)(SFC, 1/22/99, p.A10)

1995        Sep 28, In the US the Freeman headquarters were moved from Roundup, Mont., to Ralph Clark’s former ranch near Jordan, Mont.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A4)
1995        Sep 28, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an accord to transfer much of the West Bank to the control of its Arab residents.
    (AP, 9/28/98)

1996        Sep 28, Landmark legislation to crack down on illegal immigrants in the United States won House passage as part of a giant federal spending bill.
    (AP, 9/28/97)
1996        Sep 28, With the United States abstaining, the U.N. Security Council passed a resolution indirectly calling on Israel to close an archaeological tunnel in Jerusalem that had touched off fighting between Israelis and Palestinians.
    (AP, 9/28/97)

1997        Sep 28, Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 58th home run on the final day of the regular season as his team beat the Chicago Cubs, 2-1.
    (AP, 9/28/98)
1997        Sep 28, Newscaster David Brinkley, 74, retired after 54 years in broadcasting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7dxec)
1997        Sep 28, In California a wildfire killed livestock and forced the evacuation of some 1500 people in Yuba County. Scores of homes were burned.
    (SFC, 9/29/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 28, From LA it was reported that Cirildo Chacarito, a 52-year-old Mexican Indian tribesman, won a 100-mile endurance run along mountain trails in 19 1/2 hours.
    (SFC, 9/29/97, p.A23)
1997        Sep 28, In Indonesia an earthquake measuring 6.0 hit Sulawesi island and at least 7 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A21)
1997        Sep 28, Swiss voters overwhelmingly endorsed their government's liberal drug policies, including the controversial state distribution of heroin to hardened addicts.
    (AP, 9/28/98)

1998        Sep 28, Hurricane Georges plowed into the Gulf Coast, weakening to a tropical storm but pouring rain at a pace of an inch per hour. President Clinton declared an emergency late in the day.
    (AP, 9/28/99)
1998        Sep 28, Yasser Arafat met with Benjamin Netanyahu and Pres. Clinton at the White House and agreed to hold a full-scale summit next month.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 28, In Albania Prime Minister Fatos Nano resigned following 2 weeks of rioting. Pandeli Majko (31), general secretary of the Socialist Party, was the party’s candidate for prime minister. The opposition called for an interim government and new elections.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 28, In Germany Gerhard Schroeder announced that he would form a coalition between his Social Democrats and the Green Party, which received 6.7% of the vote. The 669-seat parliament would have 298 Social Democrats and 47 Greens.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A9)
1998        Sep 28, Two senior Iranian clerics claimed that the $2.5 million reward for Rushdie’s death was a fatwa that must be enforced.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A10)
1998        Sep 28, In central Mexico heavy rains caused mudslides in Mexico City that left 6 people dead in the squatter hillsides south of the city.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A10)
1998        Sep 28, Russia’s Justice Ministry announced that it would release 115,000 prisoners to ease over-crowding in its cash-strapped jails.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A10)

1999        Sep 28, Groundbreaking was scheduled for the US National Museum of the American Indian in Washington DC. The $110 million museum was scheduled to open on the National Mall in 2002.
    (SFC, 7/22/99, p.A5)(SFC, 9/29/99, p.A3)
1999        Sep 28, The Supreme Court agreed to decide whether a state can give visitation rights to grandparents when, after a divorce or some other family split, the children’s parents say no. In June, 2000, the court ruled that Washington state went too far in letting grandparents and others seek visitation, but it stopped short of giving parents absolute veto power over who gets to visit their children.
    (AP, 9/28/00)
1999        Sep 28, James Wolfensohn (65) was expected to be re-appointed for a 2nd five year term as head of the World Bank at the opening of its annual meeting. He was its 9th president in 53 years.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)
1999        Sep 28, In Afghanistan 30 people were killed a 35 others injured as a truck carrying refugees skidded off a road and plunged into a river. The refugees were fleeing the Taliban bombing at Taloqan.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.C14)
1999        Sep 28, It was reported that the Burundi army has recently forced over 200,000 villagers into makeshift camps without food or water and that 100 people had died over the past week.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.C14)
1999        Sep 28, In Chechnya 8 people were killed when a schoolhouse was bombed on the 6th day of Russian air attacks. Some 60,000 people had reportedly fled to the neighboring regions of Ingushetia, Dagestan, North Ossetia and Stavropol.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Sep 28, In Mexico Cuauhtemoc Cardenas stepped down as mayor of Mexico City to launch his 3rd bid for the presidency.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A10)
1999        Sep 28, In Kosovo 2 grenades exploded in a Serb marketplace in the Pristina suburb of Kosovo Polje and 2 people were killed and 40 others injured.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A11)

2000        Sep 28, In Sydney, Australia, Venus Williams earned her second Olympic gold medal, teaming with sister Serena in the final of women's doubles to beat Miriam Oremans and Kristie Boogert of the Netherlands, 6-1, 6-1.
    (AP, 9/28/01)
2000        Sep 28, Capping a 12-year battle, the US FDA approved the French abortion pill, RU-486 (mifepristone). It will be sold as Mifeprex by Danco Laboratories.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 28, In Washington DC a gay, deaf student at Gallaudet Univ. was beaten to death. Thomas Minch (18) was later arrested for the death of Eric Franklin Plunkett (19). Minch was released within 24 hours. In 2002 Joseph M. Mesa Jr. was convicted of killing and robbing 2 Gallaudet classmates. [See Feb 3, 2001]
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A2)(SFC, 10/5/00, p.A2)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A9)
2000        Sep 28, Peter Gennaro (80), choreographer, died.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2000        Sep 28, In Canada Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 2-time former premier, died at age 80. He led Canada from 1968-1979 and from 1980-1984.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.D7)
2000        Sep 28, In Chechnya Russian troops reportedly killed Isa Munayev, a rebel military commander.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Sep 28, Danes voted 53-47% not to join the European Monetary Union.
    (SFC, 9/28/00, p.A12)(SFC, 9/29/00, p.A18)
2000        Sep 28, In India some 1,000 people were left dead following 10 days of torrential rains.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.A20)
2000        Sep 28, In Indonesia a court dismissed the corruption case against former Pres. Suharto (79) after doctors concluded he was too ill to stand trial.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 28, Ariel Sharon led an armed contingent of supporters to the top of Temple Mount in Jerusalem, the site of 2 mosques, and incited Arab demonstrations. This marked the beginning of the 2nd Palestinian uprising (Intifada).
    (SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)
2000        Sep 28, Peru’s Pres. Fujimori flew to Washington to meet with OAS officials as rumors of a coup swirled.
    (WSJ, 9/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Sep 28, OPEC leaders in Venezuela signed a united declaration of 20 resolutions and agreed to meet again in 5 years.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.A17)

2001        Sep 28, President George W. Bush told reporters the United States was in "hot pursuit" of terrorists behind the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2001        Sep 28, A Bush administration official said that small groups of US and British special forces had entered Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 28, Pres. Bush authorized $50 million in aid to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A10)
2001        Sep 28, The FBI released a 4-page document, handwritten in Arabic, that served as a set of final instructions for the Sep 11. hijackers. Copies were found in a rental car, in the suitcase of Mohamed Atta and the wreckage of the UA plane that crashed in Pa.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A5)
2001        Sep 28, The FAA allowed airlines to restore curbside checking under new security regulations.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A3)
2001        Sep 28, Dr. Kenneth M. Berry of Pittsburgh filed a patent application for a system responsive to bioterrorism attacks. In 2004 the FBI probed him in relation to investigations on letters containing anthrax.
    (SSFC, 8/8/04, p.A9)
2001        Sep 28, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a US sponsored resolution to oblige all 189 member states to crack down on the financing, training and movement of terrorists.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A10)
2001        Sep 28, The UN Security Council lifted sanctions against Sudan after the US abstained from voting.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A10)
2001        Sep 28, In Afghanistan Taliban leader Mohammed Omar told a 9-member Pakistani delegation that the Taliban would be willing to fight to the death to protect Osama bin Laden from US military forces.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 28, In Australia a leech dropped off Peter Cannon as he and an accomplice tied a woman (71) to a chair in her remote home in the Tasmanian woods and stole several hundred dollars in cash. Australian officials extracted blood from the leech. In 2009 DNA evidence led the police to Cannon, who admitted to robbing the elderly woman.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2001        Sep 28, In Bangladesh 3 people were killed in Barisal, Sandeep and Pabna. Another 4 were killed in Chiatagong City as elections approached.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A17)
2001        Sep 28, It was reported that clashed in Burundi between government forces and Hutu rebels had killed at least 19 civilians and 22 soldiers over the last week.
    (SFC, 9/28/01, p.D6)
2001        Sep 28, In China Wu Jianmin, a Chinese-born American writer, was released from jail and expelled. The state media said he had confessed to his crimes of spying for Taiwan.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 28, Israeli-Palestinian security officials met to work out details for ending the bloodshed as fighting left at least 3 Palestinians. 1 Palestinian apparently blew himself up in Hebron while making a bomb. Another 3 Palestinians were later killed while planting a mine in Rafah.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.B1)
2001        Sep 28, In Northern Ireland Martin O’Hagan (51), a Catholic journalist, was killed in a driveby shooting in Lurgan. O’Hagan had written exposes of Protestant extremists and their criminal activities. In 2008 police charged 3 suspected members of the outlawed Protestant paramilitary group, the Loyalist Volunteer Force, with the murder.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.B2)(SFC, 11/23/01, p.D2)(AP, 9/25/08)

2002        Sep 28, In Washington DC the World Bank and IMF agreed to speed efforts to develop a new "sovereign bankruptcy" procedure for countries in debt crises. Thousands demonstrated, but only 5 arrests were reported.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A1,9)
2002        Sep 28, U.S. jets raided the Basra civilian airport for the second time inside a week, targeting its radar systems and the passenger terminals.
    (AP, 9/29/02)
2002        Sep 28, Patsy Mink (74), 12-term Hawaii state representative, died in Honolulu.
    (WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 28, In India at least 14 people died when they thousands stampeded to board a train following a political rally in Lucknow.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A24)
2002        Sep 28, Iraq rejected a U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.
    (AP, 9/28/03)
2002        Sep 28, Kuwait closed its last fiscal year with a $1.94 billion surplus, the National Bank of Kuwait reported.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, In South Africa a commuter bus veered off a road and flipped several times down a mountain pass, killing 21 people and injuring 52 in the Eastern Cape.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, In South Korea torches from 44 diverse lands converged and rival South and North Korean teams marched together as Asia kicked off its biggest festival of sport.
    (Reuters, 9/29/02)
2002        Sep 28, Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels exchanged prisoners of war as part of the ongoing peace process, and the rebels claimed they had no more prisoners in custody.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, About 50,000 Taiwan teachers marched through the capital to demand the right to form labor unions in the island's biggest protest in years.
    (AP, 9/28/02)
2002        Sep 28, In Turkey paramilitary police reported the seizure of 35 pounds of uranium near the Syrian border and arrested two Turks who they said planned to sell the weapons-grade substance. The amount was later changed to 3 ounces and then found to be inert.
    (AP, 9/29/02)(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A12)(AP, 9/30/02)
2002        Sep 28, Zimbabweans in rural areas voted in elections for local councils, and the main opposition party said hundreds of its candidates were barred from running for office.
    (AP, 9/28/02)

2003        Sep 28, In Linden, Texas Billy Ray Johnson (42) was lured to an all-white party where underage drinkers fed him alcohol and picked on him. In 2007 a jury awarded $9 million to Johnson, a mentally disabled black man who suffered permanent brain damage after being beaten and dumped in a field by 4 white men.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2003        Sep 28, Althea Gibson (76), Wimbledon's 1st black tennis champion (1957), died in New Jersey.
    (WSJ, 9/29/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 28, Elia Kazan (b.1909), Anatolian-Greek-born writer, film and stage director, died. His films included "On the Waterfront" (1954) and "A Streetcar Named Desire" (1951). In 2005 Richard Schickel authored “Elia Kazan: A Biography."
    (AP, 9/29/03)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.M6)
2003        Sep 28, In Colombia a remote-controlled bomb on a motorcycle exploded as revelers left a disco in a Florencia, killing at least 13 people and wounding 48 others.
    (AP, 9/29/04)
2003        Sep 28, Cuba's foreign minister made an impassioned appeal for the lifting of the trade embargo against his country, saying the blockade has cost the Caribbean nation $72 billion in the last 42 years.
    (AP, 9/28/03)
2003        Sep 28, In Guinea-Bissau senior army officers, who staged a recent coup, installed Henrique Rosa as civilian president and Artur Sanha as prime minister to govern the West African country until elections. Civil servants hadn't been paid in nearly a year and teachers hadn't been paid in two. Soldiers were getting bags of rice instead of paychecks.
    (AP, 9/29/03)(AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Sep 28, A nationwide power blackout in Italy hit virtually the whole population in the dead of night. Power was out for as much as 18 hours. Problems began after a tree branch hit power lines in Switzerland.
    (AP, 9/28/03)(WSJ, 10/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Sep 28, Israeli and Palestinian fatalities over the last 3 years totaled some 3,277 with 860 on the Israeli side and 2,417 Palestinian dead. An additional 60 Palestinians were killed by militants for informing to Israel.
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.A14)
2003        Sep 28, Pope John Paul II named 31 new cardinals.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2004        Sep 28, The US Treasury issued a new $50 bill with touches of red, blue and yellow.
    (AP, 9/28/04)
2004        Sep 28, IBM Corp. claimed unofficial bragging rights as owner of the world's fastest supercomputer. IBM said its still-unfinished BlueGene/L System, named for its ability to model the folding of human proteins, can sustain speeds of 360 teraflops. A teraflop is 1 trillion calculations per second. BlueGene/L reached full capacity in 2005
    (AP, 9/29/04)(SFC, 9/29/04, p.C1)(SFC, 8/29/05, p.E1)
2004        Sep 28, A 6.0 earthquake shook central California, cracking pipes, breaking bottles of wine and knocking pictures from walls. The quake was centered about seven miles southeast of Parkfield, a town of 37 people known as California's earthquake capital.
    (AP, 9/28/04)
2004        Sep 28, Geoffrey Beene (77), the award-winning designer whose simple, classic styles for men and women put him at the forefront of American fashion, died.
    (AP, 9/28/04)
2004        Sep 28, The Pentagon notified Congress of plans to build five bases in Afghanistan for the Afghan National Army at a cost of up to one billion dollars.
    (AP, 9/28/04)
2004        Sep 28, In southern Argentina a student (15) drew a handgun and opened fire in a classroom, killing 3 classmates and wounding 5 at the Islas Malvinas Middle School No. 2.
    (AP, 9/30/04)
2004        Sep 28, In Iraq kidnappers released two female Italian aid workers and five other hostages. A $1 million ransom was alleged. In 2005 it was reported that Italy's Red Cross treated four Iraqi insurgents and hid them from U.S. forces in exchange for the freedom of two Italian aid workers kidnapped in Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/28/04)(WSJ, 9/30/04, p.A1)(AP, 8/25/05)
2004        Sep 28, Kenya said it will push for an international ban on trade in lion trophies and skins, expressing concern that the African lion is "under threat."
    (AP, 9/28/04)
2004        Sep 28, Virgin Group boss Richard Branson has signed an agreement with Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo to launch a new airline out of the west African nation that will be majority owned by Nigerian investors.
    (AP, 9/28/04)
2004        Sep 28, Saudi Arabia's highest religious authority issued an edict barring the use of cell phones with built-in cameras, blaming them for "spreading obscenity."
    (AP, 9/30/04)

2005        Sep 28, President George W. Bush waived some defense export restrictions on Libya to allow U.S. companies to participate in destroying Tripoli's chemical weapons and to refurbish eight transport planes.
    (Reuters, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, Tom DeLay, a powerful political ally of President George W. Bush, stepped down as head of the Republican majority in the House of Representatives after being indicted in Texas on a campaign finance charge. He was the 1st House leader to be indicted in more than a century.
    (AFP, 9/29/05)(SFC, 9/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 28, A newly designed $10 bill was unveiled featuring splashes of orange, yellow and red to go with the traditional green. The bills will not actually go into circulation until early next year.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, In NYC a groundbreaking ceremony unveiled the $3 million memorial design by Rodney Leon, a Yale-trained architect who has lived in West Africa. As many as 20,000 slaves and free blacks who helped build New York's economy from docks to warehouses will be honored with a memorial near their burial ground. Closed in 1794, the five-acre burial ground was forgotten as a construction landfill eventually buried it 20 feet underground. When the cemetery was rediscovered during construction of a federal office tower in 1991, community pressure prompted the government to abandon the project.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, It was reported that General Electric has agreed to pay $100 million for a 7% stake in China’s Shenzhen Development Bank.
    (WSJ, 9/29/05, p.A2)
2005        Sep 28, A high-speed Amtrak Acela hit a car at a crossing in Waterford, Conn., killing 2 people and causing major Northeast Corridor delays.
    (WSJ, 9/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 28, Afghan and US forces arrested Gafar, a Taliban commander suspected in bomb attacks against coalition forces, during a raid in the Andar district of Ghazni province, where he tried to conceal his identity by dressing as a woman.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Sep 28, A suspected suicide attacker detonated a bomb outside an Afghan military training center in Kabul, killing nine people and wounding 28.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, Argentina’s Senate removed Antonio Boggiano from the Supreme Court finding him guilty of arbitrary, biased and inconsistent rulings. He was last of justices left from the 1990 Supreme Court additions made under Pres. Menem.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.46)
2005        Sep 28, In Australia a team from Holland, known more for its windmills than its sunshine, won a four-day, 1,860 mile, international solar-powered car race across deserts, notching up their third straight victory. The "Challenge," to design and build a car capable of crossing Australia on the power of daylight, was launched in 1987 and teams and individuals from corporations and universities throughout the world take part.
    (AP, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, Brazilian police recovered about $4.3 million of the $70 million stolen last month in a heist from Brazil's Central Bank, making five arrests in one of the world's biggest bank robberies.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, China announced color-coded emergency measures to avert or handle an influenza pandemic amid fears that a deadly strain of bird flu could mutate and infect millions of people around the world.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, In Colombia a man in a wheelchair who hijacked an airliner two weeks ago was ordered released from jail on a court technicality, a decision that sent officials scrambling to issue a new arrest warrant. Porfirio Ramirez and his 17-year-old son Linsen armed with hand grenades, seized the Aires airliner with 24 people aboard on Sept. 12, surrendering five hours later at a Bogota airport without injuring anyone. A judge ordered the release saying that prosecutors had presented insufficient evidence at a hearing to keep holding the man.
    (AP, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, Egyptian police in the Sinai peninsula shot dead two men suspected of organizing bombings which killed 67 people in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh in July.
    (AP, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, French police commandos swooped onto the deck of a ferry seized by striking unionized sailors in the Mediterranean Sea, recapturing the vessel and steering it back toward France. Butler Capital Partners, the private investment firm picked by the government to take over ferry operator SNCM, said 350-400 jobs might be lost in the privatization.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, Germany's outgoing parliament voted overwhelmingly to keep its troops in Afghanistan for another year.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, In Haiti Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste, a jailed Catholic priest who was suspended from his religious duties for political activities, appealed to church authorities to reverse a punishment that supporters claim was intended to halt his growing influence in the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, A woman strapped with explosives and disguised as a man blew herself up outside an Iraqi army recruiting center in the northern town of Tal Afar, killing 7 other people and wounding at least 35 in the first known attack by a female suicide bomber in the country's bloody insurgency.
    (AP, 9/28/05)(SFC, 9/29/05, p.A12)
2005        Sep 28, In Najaf, Iraq, an attacker set off an explosion in the home of a bodyguard of radical Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, killing two people and wounding five others.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, In Iraq 5 US soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in Ramadi.
    (AP, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, Widening its five-day campaign against Palestinian militants, Israel for the first time fired live artillery shells into the Gaza Strip and shut down 15 West Bank offices suspected of distributing money to families of suicide bombers.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi said a $5.2 billion project to build flood barriers to save Venice from its high tides will go forward.
    (AP, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, In Indian Kashmir 6 Islamic militants were killed in two shootouts including one near the border with Pakistan, while suspected rebels killed a civilian. 4 militants were killed in a gunbattle that erupted when police raided a militant hideout in the northern district of Kupwara near the ceasefire Line of Control with Pakistan. Two other rebels died in a fierce gunfight that broke out when soldiers launched a search for militants in a village in the central district of Budgam.
    (AP, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, In Nigeria 2 oil workers, one Briton and the other from Ireland, were kidnapped in the southern delta.
    (Reuters, 9/29/05)
2005        Sep 28, In Pakistan a security official said agents raided a home near the capital of Islamabad and arrested Asif Chotto, the reputed head of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, an al-Qaida-linked militant group accused of killing hundreds of minority Shiites.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, Gazprom, the world's largest natural-gas producer, signed an agreement to buy a majority stake in the Sibneft oil company for $13.01 billion from Roman Abramovitch and associates. The deal will significantly further the state-controlled company's stature in the oil sector as Russian President Vladimir Putin moves to recapture government influence in the lucrative energy industry. Gazprom re-registered Sibneft in St. Petersburg depriving Chukotka a big chunk of tax revenue.
    (AP, 9/28/05)(Econ, 10/1/05, p.57)(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.A14)
2005        Sep 28, Jan Egeland, UN humanitarian chief, said escalating violence in the Sudanese region of Darfur is threatening to halt aid work as increasing numbers of international staff come under attack.
    (AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 28, An unprecedented attack on a displaced persons' camp in Sudan's embattled Darfur region reportedly killed 29 people. UN reports said up to 300 armed Arab men on horses and camels attacked the camp in northwest Darfur and burned about 80 makeshift shelters.
    (AP, 9/29/05)

2006        Sep 28, It was reported that US federal and state authorities were investigating a mortgage fraud in Virginia that involved loans totaling about $80 million.
    (WSJ, 9/28/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 28, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned that travelers to parts of Africa and Asia are returning with a new mosquito-borne virus. Some people returning to Europe, the US, Canada, Martinique and French Guyana reported cases of Chikungunya fever (CHIKV). The virus first emerged in Tanzania in 1953.
    (Reuters 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, It was reported that Merck saved some $1.5 billion in US taxes by transferring patents and income to an offshore holding in Bermuda called Project Ryland from 1993-2003. In 2006 the IRS challenged the transactions.
    (WSJ, 9/28/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 28, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp., the US unit of Swiss drugmaker Novartis AG, said that at least three out of four patients given an experimental multiple sclerosis treatment were free of relapses for more than two years.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, William Whalen (66), former director of the US National Park Service (1977-1980), died. He served as the 1st director of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (1972-1977). In 1980 he implemented the Alaska Native Lands Claims Settlement Act, which created 10 national parks in Alaska.
    (SFC, 9/30/06, p.B6)
2006        Sep 28, In Bangladesh thousands of people set fire to power supply offices and attacked government vehicles Dhaka in protest over electricity shortages.
    (Reuters, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Belgian government officials said the transfer of confidential banking records by a Belgium-based company to US authorities for use in anti-terrorism investigations breached Belgian and likely European Union data privacy rules.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, A leaked UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) paper said Pakistan's intelligence service, ISI, indirectly backs terrorism by supporting religious parties in the country.
    (www.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=74600)
2006        Sep 28, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said his country rejected the suspension of uranium-enrichment activities by Tehran, "even for one day."
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, An explosion on a natural gas pipeline outside Bazargan, an Iranian border city, shut down the flow of gas to Turkey. Officials believed the explosion was an act of sabotage by separatist Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 9/29/06)
2006        Sep 28, Iraq's Central Criminal Court said it had convicted 22 suspected insurgents of a range of crimes, including weapons violations and illegally entering the country. The bodies of 60 people who been tortured were found in and around Baghdad in a span of 24 hours. 5 people died from a car-bomb explosion near a restaurant. Attacks left 21 Iraqis dead. Al-Qaida in Iraq released an audiotape calling for nuclear scientists to join in a holy war and urged insurgents to kidnap Westerners.
    (AP, 9/28/06)(SFC, 9/29/06, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 28, It was reported that the industrial city of Shymkent, Kazakhstan, was reeling after learning that at least 63 children had contracted AIDS through medical negligence many blame on corruption and the illicit sale of blood. At least five infected toddlers had died after receiving injections or blood transfusions. Parents said regional health officials were aware of the outbreak in March, and have been trying to cover it up by pulling pages from the infected toddlers' treatment records to eliminate any mention of blood transfusions.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Jailed Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan has appealed to his Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) to call a ceasefire in its separatist campaign against the Turkish government.
    (AFP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Mexico’s President-elect Felipe Calderon asked Congress to get tougher on criminals, create a universal health care system and generate jobs so millions of Mexicans do not have to migrate to the US to find work. Calderon also called for reducing the gap between rich and poor and called for a return to life sentences for hardened criminals, including violent kidnappers.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Nigeria's vice president Atiku Abubakar was suspended by his party for three months because of corruption allegations, preventing him from running for president on the party's ticket.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Typhoon Xangsane battered the northern and central Philippines with rains and winds, killing at least 76 people.
    (AP, 9/29/06)(AFP, 10/1/06)
2006        Sep 28, Russia agreed to grant Cuba credit worth $350 million and restructure some of its recent debt during a visit by PM Putin. The two countries also signed a military cooperation agreement.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Singapore banned the Far Eastern Economic Review magazine after it failed to comply with media regulations. The Review, published by Dow Jones & Co Inc., is being sued by Singapore's PM Lee Hsien Loong and his father, Singapore's founding PM Lee Kuan Yew, over a July article about opposition politician Chee Soon Juan.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Somali police investigating a car bomb assassination attempt on the president arrested three suspected members of a fundamentalist Islamic group and recovered explosives.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, South Korea and the US agreed on a program to reshape their military alliance and give Seoul a bigger role in countering any North Korean attack. The two sides signed new terms for the decades-old alliance after talks in Washington.
    (AFP, 9/29/06)
2006        Sep 28, European cease-fire monitors said at least 200 civilians have been killed in two months of fighting between Sri Lankan soldiers and separatist Tamil rebels, and both sides are to blame.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Thailand's auditor general, Jaruvan Maintaka, told reporters that Gen. Surayud Chulanont (62), a highly regarded retired officer, would lead the country until promised elections next year. The US suspended $24 million in military aid due to the coup.
    (AP, 9/29/06)(WSJ, 9/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 28, Thailand’s new Suvarnabhumi Airport, built on an area known as "Cobra Swamp," officially opened its doors, more than four decades after the project originated.
    (AP, 9/27/06)(AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Uganda state media reported that rebels have walked out of peace talks aimed at ending a 19-year conflict in which thousands of civilians have died.
    (AP, 9/28/06)
2006        Sep 28, Zambians voted to decide whether President Levy Mwanawasa would stay in office for a second term despite a strong challenge from opposition candidates who lambasted his economic policies. Voters jammed polling stations after a national election campaign marked by bitter debate about the president's effort to increase foreign investment and combat poverty and corruption.
    (AP, 9/28/06)(AP, 9/29/06)

2007        Sep 28, The United States announced it would spend up to $25 million to pay for 50,000 tons of heavy fuel oil for North Korea as part of an agreement to dismantle the North’s nuclear program.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2007        Sep 28, The US government shut down NetBank Inc., an online bank with $2.5 billion in assets, due to excessive mortgage defaults.
    (SFC, 9/29/07, p.C1)
2007        Sep 28, A federal judge refused to block a new NYC city rule that requires taxi drivers to install global positioning systems and credit card machines in their cabs by Oct 1.
    (AP, 9/29/07)
2007        Sep 28, It was reported that the average American has access to over $418,000 in intangible wealth as opposed to the average Mexican with $34,000. The World Bank compiled its measures of intangible wealth based on such factors as trust among people in a society, an efficient judicial system, clear property rights and effective government.
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A9)
2007        Sep 28, Traveler Carol Anne Gotbaum of New York died in a holding cell at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix; authorities say Gotbaum accidentally asphyxiated herself after being chained to a bench.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2007        Sep 28, Charles Griffith (1930-2007), screenwriter and director, died. He wrote the screenplay for the 1960 film “Little Shop of Horrors," which became a cult classic.
    (SFC, 10/12/07, p.B11)
2007        Sep 28, The IMF chose Dominique Strauss-Kahn, France’s former Socialist finance minister, as its new head, continuing the tradition of a European leading the organization.
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A1)
2007        Sep 28, In Algiers an Arab-language daily reported that Hassan Hattab (40), one of the most hardline guerrilla chiefs opposed to Algeria's government, has surrendered. Hattab, aka Abou Hamza, founded the Salafist Movement for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 1998. Al Hayat, based in London, reported that Hattab was "arrested on September 22 by Algerian security services.
    (AP, 9/29/07)
2007        Sep 28, Australia's Anglican Church said women can be appointed bishops for the first time, drawing immediate criticism from conservatives.
    (AFP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Britain's biggest water supplier was handed a fine of more than 12 million pounds for "inadequate" reporting to the industry regulator and poor customer service to its eight million customers.
    (AFP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Britain’s deputy chief veterinarian said bluetongue disease is circulating in Britain after being reported in a cow at the weekend in southern England.
    (AP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Thousands of opposition supporters rallied in Georgia's capital, demanding that the president step down following the arrest of a former defense minister who accused the leader of involvement in a murder plot.
    (AP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki rejected a US Senate proposal calling for the decentralization of Iraq's government and giving more control to the country's ethnically divided regions, calling it a "catastrophe." A military panel acquitted U.S. Army Spc. Jorge G. Sandoval (22) on charges he killed two unarmed Iraqis, but it convicted him of planting evidence on one of the men in attempt to cover up the shooting.
    (AP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Japan suspended poultry imports from Canada after the H7N3 strain of avian influenza was found on a Saskatchewan chicken farm.
    (Reuters, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, In Mexico City more than 30 federal agents arrested Avila Beltran (46), who allegedly spent more than a decade working her way to the top echelons of Mexico's male-dominated drug trade.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Sep 28, Hurricane Lorenzo crashed into Mexico's Gulf coast before dawn, ripping apart shacks, uprooting trees and sending billboards flying through the air. At least 5 people died.
    (AP, 9/28/07)(AP, 9/29/07)
2007        Sep 28, Myanmar soldiers clubbed and dragged away activists while firing tear gas and warning shots to break up demonstrations before they could grow, and the government cut Internet access, raising fears that a deadly crackdown was set to intensify. The US administration slapped visa bans on more than 30 members of the Myanmar junta and their families.
    (AP, 9/28/07)(AFP, 9/29/07)
2007        Sep 28, Pakistan's Supreme Court removed the main obstacle to President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's bid for another 5 years in power as it dismissed legal challenges to his candidacy.
    (AP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Representatives of Serbia and the Kosovo Albanians opened the first face-to-face talks on the future of the breakaway Serbian province with international mediators in NYC.
    (Reuters, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Naval attack craft waged a three-hour sea battle with 20 Tamil Tiger boats off the eastern coast of Sri Lanka, sinking three of the rebels' vessels and killing one of their top naval commanders.
    (AP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Turkey and Iraq signed a counterterrorism pact aimed at cracking down on separatist Kurdish rebels who have been attacking Turkey from bases in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/28/07)

2008        Sep 28, Congressional leaders and the Bush administration agreed on the main elements of a $700 billion bailout for the financial industry, paving the way for swift enactment of the largest government intervention in markets since the Great Depression.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2008        Sep 28, In San Francisco hundreds of thousands gathered for the 25th Folsom Street Fair, the world’s biggest celebration of leather, bondage and sexual fetish.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 28, Space Explorations Technologies (SpaceX) successfully launched its 2-stage Falcon 1 rocket into orbit with a dummy payload. The South Pacific launch was its 4th attempt following 3 earlier failures.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.A5)
2008        Sep 28, In Maryland a medical helicopter crashed and killed 4 of 5 people on board.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.A2)
2008        Sep 28, In Afghanistan two gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed Malalai Kakar (41), a high-ranking woman police official in Kandahar city. A suicide bomber killed three police and three civilians in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province. An Afghan police official said a US-led coalition killed three civilians in an operation apparently targeting a suicide bomb cell in eastern Afghanistan. That claim was disputed by the coalition, which said its troops killed two al-Qaida militants. A NATO soldier and an Afghan policeman were killed in a row that erupted after a bomb strike. Gunmen opened fire on the head of a provincial council, near his home in Kandahar city. Mohammad Hashim Granai survived, but 4 of his bodyguards were killed.
    (AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)
2008        Sep 28, In Algeria a suspected suicide bombing killed three people and wounded six in a village east of Algiers.
    (AP, 9/29/08)
2008        Sep 28, Austrians voted in parliamentary elections that analysts say could bolster the standing of the country's far-right and give the main ruling parties their worst results in years. The rightist Freedom Party (18%) and the Alliance for the Future of Austria (11%), capitalized on voter discontent and got a combined 29%. The voting age had recently been lowered to 16.
    (AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)(Econ, 10/4/08, p.16, 56)
2008        Sep 28, Belarussians voted in parliamentary elections that could determine whether President Alexander Lukashenko's regime warms to the West or moves deeper into Russia's orbit. Loyalists of Lukashenko won every seat in the parliamentary polls that observers said failed Western standards and had the opposition crying foul.
    (AFP, 9/28/08)(AFP, 9/29/08)
2008        Sep 28, The governments of Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg took partial control of struggling bank Fortis NV.
    (AP, 9/29/08)
2008        Sep 28, In England Frank McGarahan (45), a top Barclays executive, was beaten to death by a group of youths in Norwich as he tried to stop them attacking a homeless man.
    (AFP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 28, Konstantin Pavlov (b.1933), Bulgarian poet and screenwriter, died. He was among the few Bulgarian intellectuals who dared to assert their professional independence during the 1945-89 communist regime. Some of his most popular volumes of poetry are "Sweet Agony" (1991), "The Murder of the Sleeping Man" (1992) and "A Long Time Ago..." (1998).
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 28, Three Chinese astronauts made a jubilant return to Earth after successfully completing the country's first-ever spacewalk, an event the premier said was "a stride forward" in China's space history.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2008        Sep 28, Ecuadoreans voted on a new constitution that would significantly broaden leftist President Rafael Correa's powers and let him run for two more consecutive terms. Correa's avowed quest for an "equitable, just" Ecuador won a major boost as voters approved a new constitution that will help the leftist president consolidate power and enable him to run for two more consecutive terms. The new constitution conferred on ecosystems “the inalienable right to exist, flourish and evolve." The new constitution also imposed a 12-month deadline for approving new regulatory measures.
    (AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.68)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.44)
2008        Sep 28, In Ethiopia 4 people were killed and 22 injured in an explosion in eastern Somali province. Police the next day said a suspect had confessed to being a member of the Al-Ittihad Al-Islamiya operating in the region.
    (AFP, 9/28/08)(AFP, 9/29/08)
2008        Sep 28, In Germany Haile Gebrselassie of Ethiopia broke the marathon world record for the second straight year, becoming the first man to run the distance in under two hours and four minutes. He clocked 2:03.59 in winning his third straight Berlin Marathon, breaking the mark of 2:04.26 he set last year over the same flat course.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2008        Sep 28, In Iraq 3 explosions in Baghdad killed at least 31 people.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.A19)
2008        Sep 28, An Israeli official said the US had installed an advanced American radar system in the Negev Desert.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.A3)
2008        Sep 28, In Pakistan suspected militants seized a Polish engineer and killed his Pakistani driver, guard and assistant in the northwestern city of Attock. A government official in Bajur said militants attacked security forces in three places overnight. He said the troops repulsed each attack, killing 11 fighters.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2008        Sep 28, In Sri Lanka a suicide attack in Vavuniya killed one civilian and left 8 wounded. A soldier died form wounds the next day. Troops captured part of a strategic road in Kilinochchi district after a seven-hour battle that killed seven rebels and one soldier. Attacks on rebel bunkers and other scattered fighting killed 11 rebels in the Welioya, Jaffna and Vavuniya districts. Two other rebels were killed in a brief clash in Ampara in the east, which the government ousted the rebels from last year.
    (AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)
2008        Sep 28, Sudanese forces engaged a group of kidnappers in a gunbattle in northwest Sudan who had been sent out to get gas and food. Six kidnappers were killed in the fight, and two captured. The two told the authorities where the rest of the kidnappers and their captives were hiding. The kidnappers were believed to be armed desert tribesmen. Kidnappers released the 19-member European tour group, abducted on Sep 19, into one car near the Sudanese-Chadian border. The group drove some 200 miles before encountering Egyptian special forces and returning safely to Cairo.
    (AP, 9/29/08)(AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 28, President Hugo Chavez said that Russia will help Venezuela develop nuclear energy, a move likely to raise US concerns over increasingly close cooperation between Caracas and Moscow.
    (AP, 9/29/08)

2009        Sep 28, In San Jose, Ca., Cristina Warthen (36), a Stanford law school graduate, was sentenced to home detention for one year for tax evasion and ordered to pay $243,000 in back taxes. She had run an escort service beginning in 2001 (touchofbrazil.net), and grossed $133,717 in 2003. In 2004 she married David Warthen, co-founder of Ask Jeeves, later Ask.com. They were later divorced.
    (SFC, 9/29/09, p.C5)
2009        Sep 28, In Afghan three civilians, including a woman, were killed when their car hit a bomb in the road between Herat and Kandahar. A US team and Afghan soldiers killed 30 Taliban fighters at a militant stronghold in Farah province.
    (AFP, 9/29/09)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,556329,00.html)
2009        Sep 28, Britain’s Business Secretary Peter Mandelson said the government will extend its car scrapping scheme with extra funding for an additional 100,000 cars and vans.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, Canada’s train maker Bombardier Transportation says its Chinese joint venture has been awarded a $4 billion contract to build 80 high-speed trains for China's railway ministry.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In China foreign ministers from China, Japan and South Korea pledged to deepen cooperation on non-proliferation and disarmament, as pressure grew on Pyongyang over its nuclear program.
    (AFP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, Luis Alberto Santacruz Echeverri, an alleged Colombian cocaine trafficker arrested in the Dominican Republic, was extradited to the US to face drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 9/29/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Ecuador hundreds of Indians blocked the Pan American highway in several provinces with rocks, tree trunks and burning tires to protest new water, mining and oil laws.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Cairo, Egypt, a 2-day meeting of the International Commission on Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament (ICNND) opened. It was set up by the governments of Australia and Japan to probe ideas on how to cut the world's nuclear arms stockpile ahead of a UN conference on the subject next year. Iran and Israel stated their positions on disarmament separately during the gathering.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Sep 28, Guinea’s military's presidential guard shot at pro-democracy demonstrators in Conakry, leaving at least 157 people dead. The government put the death toll at 57. Eyewitnesses said security forces had stripped female protesters and raped them in the streets. Other eyewitnesses said soldiers had stabbed protesters with knives and bayonets. On June 27, 2013, Lieutenant-Colonel Claude Pivi, an influential member of the junta at the time and now minister for presidential security, was charged over his alleged role in a stadium massacre.
    (AP, 9/29/09)(AP, 10/2/09)(Reuters, 6/28/13)
2009        Sep 28, Honduras' coup-installed government silenced two key dissident broadcasters hours after it suspended civil liberties to prevent an uprising by backers of ousted Pres. Manuel Zelaya. The measures were announced just hours after Zelaya called on his backers to stage mass protest marches in what he called a "final offensive" against the government. Interim president Roberto Micheletti promised to restore civil liberties and allow an Organization of American States mediation team into the country, quickly backpedalling from tough measures amid criticism from his own allies that he had gone too far in his fight to stay in power.
    (AP, 9/28/09)(AP, 9/29/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Iraq a tanker truck packed with explosives ripped through a police outpost, killing at least 7 people in a suicide attack at a former insurgent stronghold outside Ramadi. In a separate attack, at least three Iraqi soldiers were killed in a double roadside bombing in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Ghazaliyah in western Baghdad. In southern Iraq, bomb attached to a bus exploded in mostly Shiite southern Iraq, killing at least six. In northern Iraq, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in Mosul killed two officers and wounded two. The US military freed another 35 members of a group linked to the abduction of five British citizens from Iraq's Finance Ministry in 2007. The prisoner release means nearly 100 members of Asaib Ahl al-Haq, or League of the Righteous, have left U.S. custody since late last week. In total, about 250 have been freed since July as talks intensify over the fate of Peter Moore, the sole British hostage believed to be still alive.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Malaysia news reports said a judge has upheld a court verdict to cane a Muslim woman for drinking beer, re-igniting a controversy over Islamic justice in this moderate Muslim-majority country. The chief Shariah judge of Pahang state ruled that a Shariah High Court's verdict against Kartika Sari Dewi Shukarno (32) was correct and should stay.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Mexico 2 Canadian men were shot to death in execution-style slayings outside an apartment building in the Mexican resort of Puerto Vallarta. Gordon Douglas Kendall and Jeffrey Ronald Ivans were believed to be involved in the drug trade. In Michoacan state police arrested three federal agents for allegedly passing information to organized crime.
    (AP, 9/28/09)(SFC, 9/29/09, p.A2)
2009        Sep 28, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber killed five people including a prominent tribal elder in Baka Khel, which lies close to Waziristan. One Pakistani soldier was killed and seven others critically wounded in a militant rocket attack on an army camp in the northwest. Hundreds of civilians fled the Taliban and al-Qaida's main stronghold in the northwest.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, Guillermo Endara (73), Panama’s former President (1989-1994), died. He led Panama to democracy after the US invasion that toppled dictator Gen. Manuel Noriega.
    (AP, 9/29/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Peru former President Alberto Fujimori, who already faces the prospect of spending the rest of his life in prison, pleaded guilty to authorizing illegal wiretaps and bribes of politicians, journalists and businessmen.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Romania Gen. Nicolae Plesita (b.1929), a die-hard Communist and ruthless chief of the Securitate secret police (1980-1984), died. He had arranged shelter in Romania for terrorist Carlos the Jackal, and was tried for the 1981 bombing in Munich of Radio Free Europe.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Somalia the al-Shabab extremist Islamic group executed two Somali men in Mogadishu, accusing them of being spies for foreign organizations. Mortars and missiles pounded parts of Mogadishu, killing at least 13 civilians in two separate battles between Islamic militiamen and the African Union peacekeeping force.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, South Korea's parliament endorsed the appointment of economics professor Chung Un-Chan as prime minister despite strong objections by opposition parties.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Sudan a Nigerian peacekeeper was killed and two Kenyan colleagues were wounded in the troubled Darfur region when armed men ambushed their convoy.
    (Reuters, 9/29/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Thailand climate talks kicked off in Bangkok with the UN urging nations to break the deadlock over a global warming deal that is supposed to be finalized in just 70 days time, and warning that failure to act would leave future generations fighting for survival.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez and Libya's Muammar Gaddafi called for a new global definition of terrorism. Meeting a day after the end of a summit of African and South American leaders in Venezuela, the two men signed a declaration urging a global conference be held to sketch out new terms defining terrorism.
    (Reuters, 9/28/09)

2010        Sep 28, President Barack Obama endorsed a plan to rehabilitate the Gulf of Mexico with some of the billions of dollars in water pollution fines expected from the companies responsible for the worst offshore oil spill in US history.
    (AP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Pres. Obama signed an executive order imposing sanctions on 8 Iranian officials deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses.
    (SFC, 9/30/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 28, Mayor Octavio Garcia Von Borstel (29) of Nogales, Az., was arrested by FBI agents on multiple charges including bribery, theft, fraud and money laundering.
    (SFC, 9/29/10, p.A7)
2010        Sep 28, AOL acquired SF-based TechCrunch, the operator of an influential network of technology news blogs, for an estimated $25 million.
    (SFC, 9/29/10, p.D1)
2010        Sep 28, Amyris Biotechnologies (AMRS), an Emeryville, Ca., startup, went public on NASDAQ with 5.3 million shares. The IPO opened and closed at $16.50 per share. The company, founded by Prof. Jay Keasling, used genetically engineered organisms to turn plant sugars into a precursor of diesel.
    (SFC, 9/29/10, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/24uklyv)(Econ, 3/12/11, TQ p.22)(SFC, 9/13/12, p.C5)
2010        Sep 28, Seth Walsh (13), a California middle school student, died in the hospital, days after he attempted to take his own life after reportedly enduring relentless bullying.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20018025-504083.html)
2010        Sep 28, Arthur Penn (88), American film director, died at his home in Manhattan. His films included “Bonnie and Clyde" (1967) and “Little Big Man" (1970).
    (SFC, 9/30/10, p.C6)
2010        Sep 28, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed Deputy Gov. Khazim Allayar and five others. Later, a tearful Pres. Karzai decried the violence, fretting that young people will choose to flee their country. The Afghan government announced who will sit on a 70-member peace council, formalizing efforts already underway to reconcile with top Taliban leaders and lure insurgent foot soldiers off the battlefield.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(AFP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Australia’s new Parliament was sworn in and included Ed Husic, the country’s first elected Muslim, who was sworn in with his hand on his parents' Koran.
    (AFP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, An Australian mining company said it has discovered deposits in Mozambique of rare minerals with a variety of industrial uses. The minerals found included dysprosium, used to make laser materials and in components of nuclear reactors.
    (AP, 9/29/10)
2010        Sep 28, Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega warned in remarks reported from Sao Paulo that the world is in the grip of a currency "war," with leading nations using devaluation to solve economic problems.
    (AFP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, A Scotland Yard’s special crimes unit arrested 19 people suspected of draining millions of dollars from British banks by hacking into customers’ accounts.
    (SFC, 9/30/10, p.A2)
2010        Sep 28, In Canada an Ontario court tossed out key provisions of Canada's anti-prostitution laws, saying they did more harm than good, following a constitutional challenge by three sex-trade workers. The ruling allowed sex workers to solicit customers openly.
    (Reuters, 9/28/10)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 28, An Iranian news website said a court has sentenced Hossein Derakhshan, a well-known Canadian-Iranian blogger, to more than 19 years in prison for cooperating with hostile states and insulting Islam. Derakhshan, who made trips to Israel and blogged in both English and Farsi, has been in prison since 2008. Iran banned two newspapers for insulting political and religious figures, in a continued crackdown on dissent more than a year after a disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(Reuters, 9/28/10)(Econ, 10/23/10, p.60)
2010        Sep 28, Iran offered the first official indication that Oman is playing a role in trying to secure the release of two American men imprisoned for more than a year.
    (AP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Ireland's borrowing costs leapt again after two credit rating agencies warned its debt is at risk of further downgrades, piling pressure on the government to bring forward its budget.
    (Reuters, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Irish Nobel laureate and peace activist Mairead Maguire (66) was detained after arriving in Israel because she had been deported in June for trying to reach Gaza by boat in defiance of an Israeli naval blockade. Airport officials told her she would not be allowed in to Israel for 10 years. Her appeal on Oct 1 was rejected. She was deported on Oct 5.
    (AP, 10/1/10)(AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Sep 28, Israeli naval forces intercepted a catamaran carrying nine Jewish activists toward the Gaza Strip, encountering no resistance as they took control of the sailboat and escorted it to shore.
    (AP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, In Malaysia Kylie Tanti Marion (42), an Australian woman, fell to her death when her parachute failed to open after she jumped off the Alor Setar Tower to practice for the KL Tower International Jump on Oct. 7.
    (AP, 9/29/10)
2010        Sep 28, In Mexico a hillside collapsed on the rural community of Santa Maria de Tlahuitoltepec, Oaxaca state. Although hundreds of people were initially feared dead only 11 people were missing and likely dead.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(AP, 9/29/10)(AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 28, In Nepal an avalanche caught 3 Japanese climbers and a Sherpa guide. Dhaulagiri at 26,790 feet (8,167 meters) is the seventh highest mountain in the world. The body of Daisuke Honda (32) was recovered on Oct 12.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Sep 28, North Korea’s Kim Jong Il made his mysterious youngest son, Kim Jong Un, a four-star general in a promotion seen as the first step toward his ascent as the country’s next leader, extending the family dynasty in the reclusive totalitarian country to a third generation.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.47)
2010        Sep 28, In Pakistan a suspected American missile strike killed four militants in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Russia's Pres. Medvedev fired defiant Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov, ousting the man who gave the crumbling capital a modern facelift but was maligned for his wife's hold on construction projects and for staying on vacation while forest fires choked his city. Luzhkov's deputy, Vladimir Resin, was named acting mayor pending the appointment of a successor.
    (AP, 9/28/10)
2010        Sep 28, Somali pirates hijacked the Asphalt Venture, a cargo ship with 15 Indian crew on board, off East Africa.
    (AP, 9/29/10)
2010        Sep 28, Spanish police arrested a US citizen of Algerian origin who is suspected of financing al-Qaida's North African affiliate. Mohamed Omar Dehbi (43) was arrested in the town of Esplugues de Llobregat, a Barcelona suburb. On Sep 30 a Spanish judge ordered Dehbi’s release, citing lack of evidence, but barred him from leaving Spain and ordered him to check in with police daily. Dehbi was cleared of suspicion on March 8, 2011.
    (AP, 9/29/10)(AP, 9/30/10)(AP, 3/22/11)
2010        Sep 28, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents disguised as policemen killed five people in an attack on a warehouse in Pattani province.
    (AP, 9/29/10)

2011        Sep 28, A man was arrested and accused of plotting an assault on the Pentagon and US Capitol using remote-controlled aircraft armed with explosive. Rezwan Ferdaus (26) was arrested in Framingham, Mass., after undercover federal agents delivered materials he had allegedly requested, including grenades, six machine guns and what he believed was 24 pounds of C-4 explosive.
    (AP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 28, Amazon.com CEO Jeff Beezos unveiled the new Kindle Fire tablet computer to sell for $199, compared with $499 for Apple’s least expensive iPad.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A1)
2011        Sep 28, Mir Najibullah Sadat Sahou (68), the former governor of Afghanistan’s central bank, was shot and killed during a suspected robbery near San Diego. Sahou had fled to the United States as a political fugitive. In December the remains of Ismael Lopez, suspected of Sahou, were found by divers off San Diego.
    (SFC, 12/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 28, In Everett, Washington, Leslie Pedersen (69), the stepmother of David Joseph Pedersen was found stabbed to death. On Oct 5 DJ Pedersen (31) and girlfriend Holly Grigsby (24) were arrested in California. Grigsby later admitted to killing Leslie. They were also charged with killing Christian Cody Myers, a 19-year-old Oregon jazz fan on his way to a music festival. The pair also killed DJ’s father, David Jones Pedersen, as well as Alan Clark (54), found dead on Oct 7 in northern California. In 2012 federal racketeering charges were filed in Oregon against David Pedersen and Holly Grigsby alleging that their rampage was part of a white supremacist campaign.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A7)(AP, 10/10/11)(SFC, 10/11/11, p.A6)(SFC, 8/18/12, p.A7)
2011        Sep 28, In southern Afghanistan gunmen killed 8 policemen at checkpoint in Helmand province. In Uruzgan province a district police chief was killed and three of his bodyguards were injured when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb. The UN said the average number of armed clashes, roadside bombings and other violence in the country each month is running 39% higher in 2011 compared to last year. NATO said Afghan and US-led coalition troops destroyed drugs worth more than $350 million and 3 drug laboratories in what is believed to be Afghanistan's largest drug seizure this past decade. A New Zealand special forces soldier was shot in the head and killed during a gunbattle with suspected insurgents in Kabul. 3 foreign soldiers were killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the east, and another 3 died in another IED attack in the south, along with two others in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Australia popular right-wing columnist Andrew Bolt was found guilty of breaking Australian discrimination law by implying that fair-skinned Aborigines chose to identify as indigenous for profit and career advancement.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Bolivia tens of thousands took to the streets in major cities to heap reproach on Pres. Morales over a police crackdown on indigenous protesters marching against a proposed highway through their Amazon reserve.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 28, A British High Court judge said in a landmark ruling that a brain-damaged, minimally conscious woman should not be allowed to die.
    (Reuters, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In London Reginald Davis, a 77-year-old man from Australia, was charged with a string of child sex attacks dating back to 1949.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In CongoDRC a dozen men scaled the wall of the private television station that supported Etienne Tshisekedi, the country's leading opposition presidential candidate. Investigators said the attackers doused the offices in gasoline and set them ablaze.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Denmark a fire has destroyed the 73-year-old K.B. Hallen sports arena in the Copenhagen just hours before a sex fair was to open.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, An Egyptian court convicted Anas al-Fiqqi, former Pres. Mubarak's powerful information minister, on corruption charges and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In France a fire in an abandoned building, set for demolition in the city-owned building in the Paris suburb of Pantin, killed six suspected illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Greece a 24-hour public transport strike left Athens without buses, metros, taxis and trams. Customs and tax office workers were also on strike, while about 350 pensioners demonstrated outside the Finance Ministry against pension cuts and tax increases.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Iran announced the mass production of a new cruise missile, designed to destroy warships and coastal targets. The Qader had a range of 125 miles.
    (SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 28, In Abu Ghraib, Iraq, gunmen wearing military-style uniforms broke into the house of Hameed al-Zobaie, a pro-government Sunni militiaman, and killed five members of his family, including three children.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Ivory Coast politicians and the country’s most famous soccer player, Chelsea striker Didier Drogba, launched a Truth and Reconciliation Commission that aims to find peace after months of postelection violence rocked the country.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, ANA, a Japanese airline, flew the first commercial Dreamliner into Tokyo. Its first passenger flight was made on Oct 26 from Tokyo to Hong Kong.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.42)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A16)
2011        Sep 28, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, the federal Attorney General's Office announced that 10 former federal officers have been arrested and ordered to stand trial on charges of extortion, abuse of authority and drug possession, among others. Prosecutors said the officers were detained earlier this month on a citizen complaint. They were caught with a captive man in their vehicle, who told investigators the police had threatened to plant drugs on him and demanded money in return for releasing him. Federal agents detained Roberto Lopez (32) in Zapopan, a suburb of Guadalajara. He is alleged to be one of four members of the Zetas drug cartel who planned the Aug. 25 arson of the Casino Royale in Monterrey.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Nigeria Borno state Gov. Kashim Shettima said security forces have arrested a top commander of a radical Muslim sect who is accused of orchestrating attacks in the country's northeast that have left police, clerics and others dead. Police on patrol found the corpses of 12 persons, suspected murdered, with their hands tied at the back, in the Niger Delta region. 10 people were killed after an out-of-control cement truck crashed into a taxi and bus stand in the northern town of Dukku, Gombe state.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 9/29/11)(AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 28, Dozens of Palestinian olive trees were destroyed in an attack near the city of Hebron in what local residents called an act of revenge carried out by settlers.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 28, Officials said South Africa and Vietnam have launched talks toward an agreement to curb rhino poaching, which has soared in recent years driven by booming demand in Asia.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, South Sudan UN Rep. Hilde F. Johnson said hundreds of millions of dollars meant for South Sudan's government have been wired to private bank accounts abroad. She called such acts unacceptable. President Salva Kiir announced at UN headquarters that steps were being taken to end impunity for perpetrators.
    (AP, 9/28/11)   
2011        Sep 28, In Sudan a Chinese oil worker was killed and another wounded by unidentified gunmen in South Kordofan, Sudan's only oil producing state where the army is battling insurgents. A leader of the local Misseriya tribe said criminals had carried out the attack on the Chinese workers.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 28, Swaziland's King Mswati III fired Judge Thomas Masuku, seen as one of the only critical voices in the kingdom's judiciary. Masuku had already been suspended from the bench in June and faced a series of misdemeanor charges, including insulting Mswati in a 2010 ruling that used the phrase "forked tongue" in reference to the monarch.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Syria's state-run news agency said Aws Khalil, a nuclear engineer, has been assassinated in a hail of bullets in the restive central city of Homs. He became the fourth Syrian academic to be assassinated in Homs recently.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, Taiwan said that it plans to upgrade a fleet of 56 home-grown fighters and buy more than 50 trainers as part of a major air force modernization package.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In southern Thailand more than a dozen suspected Muslim insurgents attacked a school, killing four soldiers and seriously wounding one child.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Turkey a pro-Kurdish party said it is ending its four-month-old boycott of parliament, even as tensions grew over a surge in attacks by Kurdish separatist rebels.
    (AP, 9/28/11)
2011        Sep 28, In Yemen hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated near Sanaa's Change Square, demanded the ouster of Pres. Saleh. Tribesmen fighting the Republican Guard north of Sanaa shot down a fighter jet.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2012        Sep 28, President Barack Obama, citing national security risks, blocked a Chinese company from owning four wind farm projects in northern Oregon near a Navy base where the US military flies unmanned drones and electronic-warfare planes on training missions.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Arizona Jodon F. Romero (33) fired at officers and a police helicopter at one point during a pursuit for carjacking. He died at the scene from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in an event that was broadcast live by Fox News, which later apologized for the live coverage of the suicide.
    (Reuters, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, In California a US Border Patrol agent fatally shot Valeria Alvarado (32), a mother of five in suburban San Diego as he rode on the hood of her car after she ran into him.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, Damon Thibodeaux (38) of Louisiana was released from death row after serving 15 years for a slaying that DNA evidence showed he did not commit. He was the 18th death row prisoner freed based on such evidence.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 28, Massachusetts chemist Annie Dookhan, 34, accused of faking drug test results, was arrested. She faced more than 20 years in prison on charges of obstruction of justice and falsely pretending to hold a degree form a college or university. Her alleged mishandling of drug samples prompted the shutdown of the Hinton State Laboratory Institute in Boston last month.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Damon Thibodeaux (38) of Louisiana was released from death row after serving 15 years for a slaying that DNA evidence showed he did not commit. He was the 18th death row prisoner freed based on such evidence.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 28, In Bahrain security forces killed a boy (17) during street clashes in Sadad village, southwest of the capital Manama.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, Britain’s PM David Cameron told reporters that his country would be exercising its right to opt out of a mass of European policing and crime measures, including the European Arrest Warrant (EAW).
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.68)
2012        Sep 28, China's communist leadership expelled Bo Xilai (63) from the ruling party and sought to bury him with charges ranging from corruption to sexual affairs, aiming to sweep away their most damaging scandal in decades while finally scheduling their long-awaited leadership transition for November.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, China launched a second satellite built for Venezuela's government. The $140 million remote sensing satellite soared into orbit atop a rocket from the northwestern Chinese province of Gansu. It will provide images for tasks such as mapping croplands, counter-drug efforts and monitoring floods.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In eastern CongoDRC another person was killed in Goma. That raised to 6 the number of people killed this week in Goma in shootouts linked to the Congolese army.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, The French government presented a budget that was heavy on taxes — including a controversial 75 percent income rate on high earners. It committed to reduce the deficit to 3% next year.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(Economist, 10/6/12, p.17)
2012        Sep 28, In Iraq prisoners overnight seized weapons and set off hours-long clashes with security guards at a prison in Tikrit that left 20 dead, including 16 security force members. Of 303 inmates at the prison, 102 escaped in the jailbreak, including 47 al-Qaida-linked inmates awaiting execution. The Interior Ministry called it an inside job. In Basra gunmen shot dead the former governor, Mohammed al-Wailie, as he was driving his car in the city center.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, Hundreds of Libyans held a demonstration in Tripoli demanding the breakup of militia groups and the formation of a national army and police.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Nepal a Sita Air airplane carrying trekkers to the Mount Everest region hit a bird and crashed just after takeoff in Katmandu, killing the 19 Nepali, British and Chinese people on board.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Pakistani authorities said monsoon rains and flooding killed more than 400 people across the country during the rainy season this year.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Saudi Arabia began expelling over a thousand Nigerian women on religious pilgrimage to the country because they had arrived without male guardians.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, Shareholders of Singapore-based conglomerate Fraser & Neave agreed to sell their 39.7 percent stake in Asian Pacific Breweries, the owner of Tiger and other popular Asian brands, to Heineken. Heineken NV is spending another €3.2 billion ($4.0 billion) to gain control over the Tiger beer brand as part of a strategy to significantly expand its operations in Asia.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, One Somali journalist was shot dead by gunmen. A second journalist, a day earlier, was beheaded and his body dumped in the street. The two attacks brought the number of Somali journalists killed this year to 15. Kenyan troops invaded Kismayo, al-Shabab's last stronghold in Somalia, coming ashore in a predawn assault.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Spain a tornado swept through a fair ground in Gandia, Valencia state, knocking down a Ferris wheel and injuring 35 people. Flooding in the same southern region left 10 people dead.
    (AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Syria fighting over Aleppo intensified with some of the fiercest battles in two months as rebel forces launched a new offensive to rout President Bashar Assad's forces. A huge fire began in Aleppo amid heavy government shelling.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(AP, 9/29/12)
2012        Sep 28, The UN's top human rights body extended by six months the mission of its independent expert panel probing alleged war crimes in Syria's 18-month conflict.
    (AP, 9/28/12)
2012        Sep 28, In Yemen thousands of protesters marched in the capital, demanding the return of millions of dollars that were allegedly stolen by the country's former authoritarian ruler, Ali Abdullah Saleh.
    (AP, 9/28/12)

2013        Sep 28, The NYC Opera production of “Anna Nicole," at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, ended.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.34)
2013        Sep 28, In Afghanistan 3 civilians died when their minivan was struck by a roadside bomb as they were driving from Dayak district to Ghazni city. In Uruzgan province 2 men died when their car ran over a bomb.
    (AP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, An Egyptian soldier was shot dead in the Sinai Peninsula. Militants released a video showing attacks against the army in the region where the state is trying to stamp out al Qaeda-linked fighters.
    (Reuters, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, Greek police arrested the leader and more than a dozen senior members and lawmakers from the far-right Golden Dawn party after the killing of an anti-fascist rapper by a party supporter triggered outrage and protests across the country.
    (Reuters, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, Guinea held elections, Voters waited in long lines and a special security force patrolled in all-terrain vehicles as polls opened for hotly contested legislative elections.
    (AP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, In Iraq militants planted bombs around four houses belonging to policemen and government employees in Tarmiyah, killing 4 civilians and wounding 14 others. A bomb in an outdoor market in Baghdad's southeastern suburb of Nahrawan killed 2 civilians and wounded 15. A roadside bomb killed a civilian in Baiji, while militants attacked a checkpoint near the town, leaving 2 gunmen and a soldier dead.
    (AFP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, In Lebanon Hezbollah fighters and residents of the eastern city of Baalbek exchanged fire, leaving 3 dead and six wounded.
    (AP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, In northern Mali 4 suicide bombers let off explosives in a car in front of a military camp in Timbuktu, killing 2 civilians.
    (AFP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, A 7.2 earthquake rocked Pakistan's southwest. At least 15 people were killed in the Mushkay area of Awaran, just days after another quake in the same region killed hundreds of people.
    (AP, 9/28/13)(SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A8)
2013        Sep 28, Officials in the Philippines said the standoff between government troops and Muslim rebels has ended. The clashes left 183 rebels dead as well as 23 soldiers and 12 civilians.
    (SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A5)
2013        Sep 28, Miss Philippines, Megan Young 23), was crowned Miss World 2013 in a glittering finale on the Indonesian resort island of Bali amid tight security following weeks of hardline Muslim protests.
    (AFP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, Sudanese police fired teargas to break up thousands of protesters calling President Omar Hassan al-Bashir a killer, after days of unrest in which dozens of people have died. 31 politicians, including members of al-Bashir's ruling party and military officials signed a petition calling on the president to carry out reforms because his rule is "at stake."
    (Reuters, 9/28/13)(AP, 9/28/13)
2013        Sep 28, Sudan's most popular newspaper, which has been a regular critic of a controversial government decision to cut fuel subsidies, was ordered to stop publishing. Authorities also shut the Khartoum offices of pan-Arab satellite channels Al-Arabiya and Sky News Arabia.
    (AFP, 9/29/13)
2013        Sep 28, Syrian rebels including members of an al-Qaida-linked group captured a military post on the border with Jordan after four days of fighting. 26 soldiers were killed in the battle as well as a number of rebels, including 7 foreign fighters. at least 19 government fighters were reported killed in fighting on the outskirts of Damascus.
    (AP, 9/28/13)(Reuters, 9/29/13)
2013        Sep 28, Tunisia's governing Islamist party agreed to step down following negotiations with opposition parties that begin next week.
    (AP, 9/28/13)

2014        Sep 28, Instagram, the popular photo-sharing service owned by Facebook Inc., was reported blocked in China amid pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong.
    (Reuters, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, In Egypt an appeals court acquitted 112 people convicted of holding an illegal protest on the third anniversary of the 2011 revolt that toppled Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, Air France's leading pilots union announced an end to a 14-day strike that grounded roughly half of the airline's flights, stranded passengers worldwide and led to stern shows of frustration by the French prime minister. The union was ending the walkout so that service could resume and negotiations continue peaceably.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, In Germany Dennis Kimetto of Kenya knocked 26 seconds off the world marathon record. Kimetto won the 41st edition of the Berlin Marathon in 2 hours, 2 minutes, 57 seconds, becoming the first man to complete a marathon in under 2 hours, 3 minutes.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, Hong Kong police fired volleys of tear gas to disperse pro-democracy protests and baton-charged a crowd blocking a key road in the government district in defiance of official warnings against illegal demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, Libya's internationally recognized parliament in Tobruk held a swearing-in ceremony for the 10-member Cabinet, a day after calling for international aid in its battle with Islamist-allied militias.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, In the Netherlands a tricked-out truck, sporting outsized tires and a powerful engine, surged off the track after driving over a line of prop cars, crashing through a barricade and into the audience in the eastern town of Haaksbergen. 3 people died in the accident.
    (AFP, 9/29/14)
2014        Sep 28, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb blast killed 8 people at a refugee camp on the outskirts of Hangu as a US drone strike in nearby South Waziristan killed 4 suspected militants.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, In Serbia several hundred gay activists proceeded undisturbed through downtown Belgrade thanks to the protection of thousands of riot police. A day earlier thousands of extremists had protested in Belgrade against the march.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, Spanish police said they have arrested 10 of the country's most active graffiti painters on suspicion of being responsible for over 600,000 euros ($760,000) worth of damage to subway rolling stock.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, In Syria airstrikes likely carried out by the US-led coalition struck an oil refinery held by the Islamic State group, shaking buildings and sending flames shooting into the air near the Turkish border.
    (AP, 9/28/14)
2014        Sep 28, In Yemen hundreds of Yemenis demonstrated in Sanaa demanding that Houthi rebels who had seized control of the capital last week leave. A car bomb exploded at a hospital used as a base by the Shi'ite Muslim Houthi movement, killing or wounding dozens of people in Marib province.
    (Reuters, 9/28/14)

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