Today in History - September 30

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1199        Sep 30, Rambam (Maimonides) authorized Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate “Guide of Perplexed" from Arabic into Hebrew.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1207        Sep 30, Jalal ud-din Rumi (Jelaluddin Rumi, d.1273), Persian poet and mystic was born in the area of Balkh, Afghanistan. He later fled the Mongol invasions with his family to Konya (Iconium), Anatolia. His work “Mathwani" (Spiritual Couplets) filled 6 volumes and had a great impact on Islamic civilization. He founded the Mevlevi order of Sufis, later known as the “whirling dervishes." In 1998 a film was made about the Sufi poet’s influence on the 20th century. In 1998 Kabir Helminski edited “The Rumi Collection" with translation by Robert Bly and others. His work also included the “Shams I-Tabriz" in which he dismissed the terminology of Jew, Christian and Muslim as “false distinctions." The poet Rumi was also known as Mowlana.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.B5)(SFEC, 9/20/98, DB p.50)(SFEC, 10/25/98, BR p.6)(WSJ, 9/7/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 10/28/01, p.B7)(SSFC, 4/1/07, p.E3)

1399        Sep 30, British Parliament accepted Richard II's "Cession and Renunciation." [see Sep 29]
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1520        Sep 30, Suleiman I succeeded his father Selim I as sultan of Turkey.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1555        Sep 30, Oxford Bishop Nicholas Ridley was sentenced to death as a heretic.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1568        Sep 30, Eric XIV, king of Sweden, was deposed after showing signs of madness. The Swedes declared Eric XIV unfit to reign and proclaimed John III king.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.21)(HN, 9/30/98)

1572        Sep 30, Francisco Borgia, Jesuit theologian and saint, died at 61.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1630        Sep 30, John Billington, one of the original pilgrims who sailed to the New World on the Mayflower, became the first criminal in the American colonies to be executed for murder. He was hanged for having shot John Newcomin following a quarrel.
    (HN, 9/30/01)(MC, 9/30/01)

1659        Sep 30, Robinson Crusoe was shipwrecked (according to Defoe). [see Feb 12, 1709]
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1659        Sep 30, Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbade tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in US).
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1703        Sep 30, The French, at Hochstadt in the War of the Spanish Succession, suffered only 1,000 casualties to the 11,000 of their opponents, the Austrians of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1715        Sep 30, Etienne B. de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism, Cours d'etudes), was born.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1755        Sep 30, Francesco Durante, composer, died at 71.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1777        Sep 30, The Congress of the United States, forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces, moved to York, Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 9/30/00)

1791        Sep 30, Mozart's opera "The Magic Flute" premiered in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 9/30/97)

1805        Sep 30, Napoleon's army entered the Rhine valley.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1841        Sep 30, Samuel Slocum patented the stapler.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1846        Sep 30, Dentist William Morton (1819-1868) used ether as an anesthetic for the first time on a dental patient in Boston, Massachusetts.
    (AP, 9/30/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._G._Morton)

1852        Sep 30, Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish organist and composer, was born.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1861        Sep 30, William Wrigley, Jr., founder of the Wrigley chewing gum empire and owner of the Chicago Cubs baseball team, was born.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1863        Sep 30, Reinhard von Scheer, German admiral who commanded the German fleet at the Battle of Jutland, was born.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1864        Sep 30, Black Soldiers were given the Medal of Honor. [see Sep 29-30]
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1864        Sep 30, Confederate troops failed to retake Fort Harrison from the Union forces during the siege of Petersburg.
    (HN, 9/30/98)
1864        Sep 30, Battle of Preble's Farm Va. (Poplar Springs Church).
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1866        Aug 31, In Korea the US trade ship USS General Sherman ignored demands to turn back on the Taedong River, took hostages and fired on civilians. A 4-day battle followed in which all of the crew were killed.
    (www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/General_Sherman_incident)(AH, 10/07, p.57)

1877        Sep 30, Harry Meiggs (b.1811), American businessman and railroad magnate in Chile and Peru, died virtually penniless in Peru. Before his death Meiggs made restitution to his creditors in San Francisco. In 1874 the California legislature passed Senate Bill 183 dismissing any previous indictment against him.
    (SFC, 1/18/14, p.C2)

1880        Sep 30, Henry Draper took the 1st photograph of the Orion Nebula.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1888        Sep 30, "Jack the Ripper" butchered 2 more women, Elizabeth Stride (45), aka Long Liz, on Berner St. and Kate Eddowes (45). Donald Rumbelow later authored "The Complete Jack the Ripper."
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.T7)
1888        Sep 30, Catherine Eddowes became Jack the Ripper's fourth victim. In 2014 sleuth Russell Edwards said that Jack has identified through DNA traces found on a bloodied shawl from Eddowes. Edwards identified the killer as Aaron Kosminski (1865-1919), a Jewish emigre from Poland, who worked as a barber.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)

1898        Sep 30, Felix Kersten, Baltic-German-Finnish masseuse and confidant of Heinrich Himmler, was born.
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1898        Sep 30, The city of NY was established with five boroughs.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1905        Sep 30, British director Michael Powell ("The Red Shoes") was born in Bekesbourne, Kent, England.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

1908        Sep 30, David Oistrakh, violinist and professor at the Moscow Conservatory, was born in Odessa, Russia (Ukraine).
    (HN, 9/30/00)(MC, 9/30/01)

1911        Sep 30, Italy declared war on Turkey over control of Tripoli.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1912        Sep 30, The Columbia School of Journalism opened in NYC. Joseph Pulitzer bequeathed $2 million to start the school.
    (ON, 4/03, p.2)

1915        Sep 30, Lester Garfield Maddox, (Gov-D-Ga) restaurant owner and ax handle wielder segregationist, was born.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1918        Sep 30, Bulgaria pulled out of World War I.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1924        Sep 30, Truman Capote, author and playwright whose works include “Breakfast at Tiffany's" and “In Cold Blood," was born in New Orleans, La.
    (HN, 9/30/98)(MC, 9/30/01)
1924        Sep 30, Allies stopped checking on the German navy.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1927        Sep 30, W.S. Mervin, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 9/30/00)
1927        Sep 30, Babe Ruth hit his 60th homerun of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City, to break his own major-league record.
    (AP, 9/30/97)(HN, 9/30/98)

1928        Sep 30, Elie Wiesel, Holocaust survivor, writer (Souls on Fire), best known for his first book “Night" about his own experiences in concentration camps, was born in Romania. He won the Nobel Prize in 1986.
    (HN, 9/30/98)(MC, 9/30/01)

1929        Sep 30, The 1st manned rocket plane flight was made by auto maker Fritz von Opel at Frankfurt-am-Main [see May 29, 1928].
    (http://strangevehicles.greyfalcon.us/OPEL%20ROCKET%20VEHICLES.htm)

1930        Sep 30, "Death Valley Days" became one of radio's biggest hits.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1935        Sep 30, Johnny Mathis, singer famous for “Misty" and “Wonderful Wonderful," was born.
    (HN, 9/30/98)
1935        Sep 30, George Gershwin’s opera Porgy and Bess opens at the Colonial Theatre in Boston.
    (HN, 9/30/00)

1936        Sep 30, Pinewood Studios opened in Buckinghamshire England.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1938        Sep 30, A day after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain praised the accord on his return home, saying, "I believe it is peace for our time."
    (AP, 9/30/06)

1939        Sep 30, The first college football game to be televised was shown on experimental station W2XBS in New York as Fordham University defeated Waynesburg College, 34-7.
    (AP, 9/30/98)
1939        Sep 30, The French Army was called back into France from its invasion of Germany. The attack, code named Operation Saar, only penetrated five miles.
    (HN, 9/30/99)
1939        Sep 30, Germany and Russia agreed to partition Poland.
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1939        Sep 30, 41 U-boats were sunk this month.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1940        Sep 30, 47 German aircrafts were shot down above England.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1941        Sep 30, In Ukraine 33,771 Jews were killed in a two-day operation at Babi Yar ravine near Kiev [See Sep 29].
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babi_Yar)
1941        Sep 30, 53 U-boats sunk this month.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1943        Sep 30, The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps became the Women's Army Corps, a regular contingent of the U.S. Army with the same status as other army service corps.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1944        Sep 30, Calais was reoccupied by Allies.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1946        Sep 30, An international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes. Ribbentrop and Goering were sentenced to death. American psychiatrist Leon Goldensohn interviewed many of the participants and in 2004 the interviews were published as “The Nuremberg Interviews: An American Psychiatrist’s Conversations with the Defendants and Witnesses."
    (AP, 9/30/99)(SSFC, 1/30/05, p.A13)

1949        Sep 30, The Berlin airlift ended its operation after 277,264 flights. Through accidents 31 Americans lost their lives in support of the airlift. The Berlin Airlift, which began on June 26, 1948, and lasted 321 days, consisted of 272,264 flights by British and American airmen. They transported some 2.3 million tons of food to supply the 2.1 million residents of the blockaded portion of the city. The operation ended after 278,288 flights and delivery of 2,326,406 tons of supplies. In 2010 Richard Reeves authored “Daring Young Men: The Heroism and Triumph of the Berlin Airlift, June 1948-May 1949."
    (EWH, 1968, p.1180)(AP, 9/30/97)(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A14)(HNQ, 7/9/98)(SSFC, 3/28/10, p.f3)

1950        Sep 30, Radio's "Grand Ole Opry" was broadcasted on TV for 1st time.
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1950        Sep 30, U.N. forces crossed the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursued the retreating North Korean Army.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1952        Sep 30, The motion picture process Cinerama -- which employed three cameras, three projectors and a deeply curved viewing screen -- made its debut with the premiere of "This Is Cinerama" at the Broadway Theater in New York City.
    (AP, 9/30/97)

1953        Sep 30, Robert Anderson's "Tea & Sympathy," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1953        Sep 30, Pres. Eisenhower named California Gov. Earl Warren (62) as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. Lt. Gov. Goodwin J. Knight succeeded Warren.
    (SFC, 9/26/03, p.E8)
1953        Sep 30, Auguste and Jacques Piccard dove with their bathysphere to a record 3150 m.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1954        Sep 30, "Boy Friend" opened at the Royale Theater NYC for 483 performances.
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1954        Sep 30, The first atomic-powered vessel, the submarine Nautilus, was commissioned by the Navy in Groton, Connecticut. It was launched Jan 21.
    (AP, 9/30/97)(AP, 1/21/98)(HN, 9/30/98)
1954        Sep 30, NATO nations agreed to arm and admit West Germany.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1955         Sep 30, Actor James Dean, best known for his role as a restless teen in Rebel Without a Cause, died in a high-speed two-car collision at the corner of Highways 46 and 41 in Cholame, near Paso Robles, Ca. In 1950, he had made his acting debut in a Pepsi commercial, for which he was paid $30. Dean gained fame after a lead role on Broadway in 1952 and appearances on television and in movies. His first major film role was in East of Eden in 1954. Just days after filming Giant the next year, Dean was driving his silver Porsche, called "Little Bastard," to a race in Salinas with his mechanic when he collided head-on with another car. He was 24 years old.
    (SFC, 1/22/97, p.E1)(AP, 9/30/97)(HNPD, 9/30/98)(HN, 9/30/98)

1956        Sep 30, In Algiers a blast at the Milk Bar cafe together with another device set off nearby, killed three people and wounded 60, including children. Several people lost limbs sliced off by flying glass. Zohra Drif (20) set one device as a reprisal for a big French bombing that killed dozens in the Casbah weeks earlier. Captured soon afterwards, she was sentenced to death and spent five years in French prisons.
    (Reuters, 9/28/06)
1956        Sep 30, An Israeli delegation presented France with a fabricated reason for war in Egypt. The details were agreed on at a secret meeting in Sevres. Israel proposed to invade Egypt and then let France and Britain come in as peacekeepers and occupy the Suez Canal.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.24)

1958        Sep 30, The police drama "Naked City" debuted on ABC-TV.
    (AP, 9/30/08)

1960        Sep 30, Flintstones premiered. It was the 1st prime time animation show.
    (MC, 9/30/01)   
1960        Sep 30, The last “Howdy Doody Show" (b.1947) with Buffalo Bob Smith was broadcast. Clarabelle finally talked and said "Goodbye Kids."
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A18)(MC, 9/30/01)
1960        Sep 30, Mensa, the high IQ society founded in the UK in 1946, held its 1st meeting in the US at the Brooklyn home of Peter and Ines Sturgeon with 5 other pioneer members.
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.E10)
1960        Sep 30, Fifteen African nations were admitted to the United Nations.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1961        Sep 30, A bill for the 1773 Boston Tea Party was paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon. He wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1962        Sep 30, Black student James Meredith succeeded on his fourth try in registering for classes at the University of Mississippi. He became the first black to enroll at Old Miss Univ. and 13,500 Federal troops were required to back him up. U.S. Marshals escorted James H. Meredith into the University of Mississippi; two died in the mob violence that followed. Meredith was also noted for starting the "March Against Fear" to encourage voter registration by Southern African Americans. While on the march he was hit with a snipers bullet. Other Civil Rights leaders including MLK continued the march. Meredith was able to complete the march in Jackson, Mississippi.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1962)(AP, 9/30/97)(HN, 9/30/98)

1964        Sep 30, UC Berkeley suspended indefinitely five students for manning illegal political advocacy and information tables on campus. 400 students signed statement that they also manned tables.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1965        Sep 30, President Lyndon Johnson signed legislation that established the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities.
    (HN, 9/30/98)
1965        Sep 30, In Indonesia procommunist military officers, calling themselves the September 30 Movement (Gestapu), attempted to seize power.
    (http://countrystudies.us/indonesia/21.htm)

1966        Sep 30, The Republic of Botswana, a Texas sized country, declared its independence from Britain. Seretse Khama (1921-1980) began serving as the 1st president of Botswana.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 9/30/06)(http://ubh.tripod.com/bw/skhama.htm)
1966        Sep 30, Nazi war criminals Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed at midnight from Spandau prison after serving twenty-year prison sentences. In 2002 Joachim Fest authored the biography: "Speer: The final Verdict."
    (www.weymouthhistoricalsociety.org/September.htm)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.M3)

1968        Sep 30, The 1st Boeing 747 was rolled out of the Everett, Wa., assembly building.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_747)

1969        Sep 30, In North Carolina a tax on soft drinks went into effect. A soft drink excise tax is hereby levied and imposed on and after midnight, September 30, 1969, upon the sale, use, handling and distribution of all soft drinks, soft drink syrups and powders, base products and other items referred to in this section. An excise tax of one cent (1¢) is levied on each bottled soft drink.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kp2saa)
1969        Sep 30, Nazi war criminals Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed at midnight from Spandau prison after serving twenty-year prison sentences. In 2002 Joachim Fest authored the biography: "Speer: The final Verdict."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Speer)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.M3)

1971        Sep 30, The Washington Senators baseball team played their last game before leaving DC for Texas.
    (WSJ, 4/7/99, p.B1)(www.sportsecyclopedia.com/al/wastex/senators61.html)

1974        Sep 30, Argentina passed the economic-subversion law that provided prosecutors with a legal umbrella to pursue anyone suspected of undermining public disorder. It was repealed in 2002 under IMF pressure.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A7)(www.glin.gov/view.action?glinID=93488)
1974        Sep 30, Gen. Carlo Prats, a former Chilean army chief, was killed with his wife by a car bomb in Buenos Aires. In 2000 an Argentine judge called for the extradition of Augusto Pinochet for the slaying. In 2000 Enrique Arancibia Clavel was sentenced in Argentina to life in prison for his role in the murder.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)
1974        Sep 30, In Portugal Marshal de Spinola (1910-1996) resigned as head of state in protest against rushed attempts to dismantle the colonial empire.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Sp%C3%ADnola)

1975        Sep 30, In Rome Donatella Colasanti (17) was found bloodied and battered, but alive in the boot of a car. Beside her was the dead body of her friend Rosaria Lopez (20). Both had undergone hours of torture before Lopez was finally drowned in a bath. Colasanti had escaped the same fate only by playing dead. Andrea Ghira was found guilty in the "Circeo Massacre," named for the town near Rome where two girls were held captive for 36 hours and then left wrapped in plastic in a car trunk, where one girl died. He was convicted in absentia for the slaying. In 2005 his body was found in a cemetery in a Spanish enclave in Morocco, where he was buried in 1994.
    (AP, 10/29/05)(http://rome.wantedineurope.com/articles/complete_articles.php?id_art=559)

1976        Sep 30, The US House of Representatives passed the Hyde Amendment 207-167, with no exceptions for health or life endangerment, even though a similar but weaker measure had been voted down two years earlier. Henry Hyde (1924-2007), freshman Congressman from Illinois, had sponsored the amendment to cut federal funding for abortions by women on Medicaid.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.32)(SFC, 11/30/07, p.A6)(www.wpunj.edu/newpol/issue42/Fried42.htm)

1978        Sep 30, Huey Newton (1942-1989) was convicted in Oakland, Ca., on weapons charges and launched into a 40 minute harangue calling SF Superior Court Judge Joseph Koresh (1909-1996) "a renegade Jew."
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.E2)(www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/pacificapanthers.html)
1978        Sep 30, Edgar Bergen (b.1903), American actor and ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), died in Las Vegas. He was born as Edgar John Bergren in Chicago, Illinois, to a Swedish family and grew up in Decatur, Michigan.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_Bergen)

1982        Sep 30, The situation comedy "Cheers" premiered on NBC-TV.
    (AP, 9/30/07)   
1982        Sep 30, The London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE) opened for trading. It provided a range of products designed to help manage equity investment risk. In 2002 Euronext, a Paris-based exchange, took over LIFFE.
    (www.futuresindustry.org/fi-magazine-home.asp?a=607)

1985        Sep 30, Maxxam Corp. made a tender offer for Pacific Lumber at $36 a share. The same day it demanded and received a 50% cut in fees due to Drexel Burnham Lambert. During the summer the Wall Street firm Drexel Burnham Lambert and Maxxam Corp. had hired a timber consultant to fly over the holdings of Pacific Lumber and estimate their worth. Charles Hurwitz announced his intention to acquire Pacific Lumber and had Michael Milken of Drexel arrange junk bond financing. Control of Pacific Lumber passed to Hurwitz of Texas-based Maxxam by the end of the year. The bonds were sold to United Savings Association, a Texas S&L whose parent corporation was owned by Charles Hurwitz. The thrift failed in 1988 and taxpayers were stuck with a $1.6 billion bailout.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A4-5)(www.mcn.org/e/iii/politics/hurwitzm.htm)
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Richter)(SSFC, 1/21/07, p.M3)
1985        Sep 30, Charles Richter (b.1900), American seismologist, died. He developed the Richter Scale for measuring the amplitude of earthquakes. In 2007 Susan Elizabeth Hough authored “Richter’s Scale: Measure of an Earthquake, Measure of a Man."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Richter)(SSFC, 1/21/07, p.M3)
1985        Sep 30, Simone Signoret, German-French actress (Room at Top, Gina), died at 64.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0797531/)

1986        Sep 30, The US released accused Soviet spy Gennady Zakharov, one day after the Soviets released Nicholas Daniloff.
    (AP, 9/30/97)
1986        Sep 30, Israeli Mossad agents snatched Mordechai Vanunu in Rome. The Israeli nuclear technician had recently divulged Israel's nuclear secrets to the London Sunday Times.
    (SFC, 4/22/04, p.A3)

1987        Sep 30, Two top campaign aides to Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis resigned after one of them, campaign manager John Sasso, admitted leaking an attack videotape that helped bring down the presidential candidacy of Delaware Sen. Joseph Biden. Sasso returned to the campaign a year later.
    (AP, 9/30/97)

1988        Sep 30, Pictures of the solar corona first appeared on the cover of Science Magazine. Prof. Arthur Walker (d.2000 at 64) of Stanford Univ., used X-ray and thin-film telescopes to capture the pictures.
    (SSFC, 5/6/01, p.A27)
1988        Sep 30, Joachim Prinz (b.1902), author and Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), died in New Jersey.
    (www.joachimprinz.com/biography.htm)
1988        Sep 30, Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.
    (AP, 9/30/99)

1989        Sep 30, Virgil Thomson (b.1896), US composer and critic, died at age 92. His work included “4 Saints in 3 Acts" (1934) and "The Mother of Us All," products of the collaboration between the closeted gay composer and the extroverted lesbian poet, Gertrude Stein. In 1997 Anthony Tommasini wrote "Virgil Thomson: Composer on the Aisle."
    (www.glbtq.com/arts/thomson_v.html)(SFEC, 10/19/97, Par p.18)
1989        Sep 30, Thousands of East Germans who had sought refuge in West German embassies in Czechoslovakia and Poland began emigrating under an accord between Soviet bloc and NATO nations.
    (AP, 9/30/99)

1990        Sep 30, President Bush and congressional leaders forged a $500 billion five-year compromise package of tax increases and spending cuts.
    (AP, 9/30/00)
1990        Sep 30, Serbs in Croatia proclaimed autonomy.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q8lrk)

1991        Sep 30, In Haiti the military under Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras overthrew Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the country's first freely elected president. He was later returned to power. The Prime Minister, Rene Preval, managed to escape to the French embassy hidden in the trunk of a car.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-10)(AP, 9/30/01)(ST, 3/2/04, p.A1)

1992        Sep 30, George Brett of the Kansas City Royals reached 3,000 career hits during a game against the California Angels.
    (AP, 9/30/97)
1992        Sep 30, The Bush and Clinton campaigns opened negotiations for a series of presidential debates.
    (AP, 9/30/97)
1992        Sep 30, Ling-Ling, the giant panda from China, died at the Washington National Zoo.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.C14)(HN, 4/16/98)

1993        Sep 30, US Treasury Department issued a report sharply criticizing top officials at the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms for their handling of the February raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
    (www.carolmoore.net/waco/waco-treasury-report1.html)
1993        Sep 30, Gen Colin Powell (56) stepped down as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in a retirement ceremony at Fort Myer, Va.
    (AP, 9/30/98)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A14)
1993        Sep 30, MS Dos 6.2 was released.
    (MC, 9/30/01)
1993        Sep 30, An estimated 10,000 (28,000) people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 6.0-6.4 struck Latur in southern India. Its epicenter was about 350 miles southwest of Jabalpur.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)(AP, 9/30/98)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(AP, 6/22/02)

1994        Sep 30, The space shuttle Endeavour and its six astronauts roared into orbit on an 11-day mission.
    (AP, 9/30/99)
1994        Sep 30, Roberto Viola (b.1924), Argentine general and president (1981), died. In 1983 he was arrested and sentenced to 17 years in prison for human rights violations committed by the military junta during the Dirty War.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_Viola)

1995        Sep 30, US envoy Richard Holbrooke, trying to negotiate a Bosnian cease-fire, ended inconclusive talks with the Sarajevo government and headed for Belgrade to try his luck with the Serbs.
    (AP, 9/30/00)

1996        Sep 30, With just hours to spare before the start of the fiscal year, the Senate passed and President Clinton signed a $389 billion spending bill.
    (AP, 9/30/97)
1996        Sep 30, In South Korea another infiltrator was killed. That brought the total to 22 agents killed since the grounding of the N. Korean submarine.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A14)
1996        Sep 30, In India the capital city of Tamil Nadu changed its name from Madras to Chennai.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A14)
1996        Sep 30, Sri Lanka government troops seized a guerrilla stronghold and climaxed an 8-day battle that left 900 dead.
    (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A1)
1996        Sep 30, In Vanuatu the parliament passed a vote of no confidence in PM Maxime Carlot.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A14)

1997        Sep 30, The Rolling Stones album “Bridges to Babylon" was scheduled for release.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, DB p.35)
1997        Sep 30, Hooters agreed to pay $2 million in discrimination suits.
    (www.spcnetwork.com/mii/1997/971004.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/7n8v9)
1997         Sep 30, In Waterbury, Conn., Todd Joseph Rizzo (18), recently discharged from the Marines, bludgeoned to death Stanley Edwards IV (13) to see what it felt like to kill. In 1999, a jury sentenced him to die. In 2003, the state Supreme Court overturned that sentence because Judge William Holden had not properly instructed the jury.
     (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A6)(www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1407662/posts)
1997        Sep 30, In Louisiana the Flamingo riverboat casino closed. It was the last riverboat casino in downtown New Orleans and the 4th to open and close in the last 4 years. One floating casino was left on Lake Pontchartrain.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A4)
1997        Sep 30, In an unprecedented act of repentance, France's Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the systematic persecution and deportation of Jews by the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.
    (AP, 9/30/98)
1997        Sep 30, In Serbia Zoran Djindjic, mayor of Belgrade, was ousted in a coup by nationalist extremists and some former allies. The city assembly voted to oust Djindjic and the TV editors. Some 20,000 demonstrators protested in downtown Belgrade. Senior editors of Studio B television, the only opposition to Milosevic’s state television, were also ousted.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 30, On St. Kitts island Leyoca Browne (20) and her mother, Violet (36), were murdered by Bertil Fox, a former Mr. Universe bodybuilder. He was found guilty and sentenced to death on 5/23/98.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.A8)
1997        Sep 30, In Thailand the cabinet officially scrapped the $3.2 billion rail and road system under construction by Hopewell Holdings. The Bangkok Elevated Rail and Transport System known as Berts was one fifth built and several years behind schedule.
    (WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A18)

1998        Sep 30, Both President Clinton and Republicans claimed credit for news that the government would have a surplus of about $70 billion in the current fiscal year following 3 decades of deficits.
    (SFC, 10/1/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/30/99)
1998        Sep 30, The General Accounting Office reported that Kenneth Starr and Robert Fiske had spent more than $40 million to investigate President Clinton's Whitewater land deals in Arkansas and later the Monica Lewinsky affair.
    (AP, 9/30/99)
1998        Sep 30, In California Gov. Wilson signed legislation to require the use of safety needles to protect health care workers from accidental needle sticks.
    (SFC, 10/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 30, Government researchers said there was a likelihood that low-frequency electric and magnetic fields may be linked to childhood leukemia.
    (SFC, 10/1/98, p.A3)
1998        Sep 30, Obesity researchers found a human gene mutation that appears to signal the body to make and fill more fat cells.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 30, Gerhard Schroeder visited with Socialist leaders in France and endorsed controls on capital flows.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 30, In Israel the army sent reinforcements to Hebron after an assailant threw grenades at troops guarding a central square. 13 soldiers and 11 Palestinians were wounded.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/1/98, p.A14)
1998        Sep 30, In Peru some 5,000 workers marched in Lima to protest a congressional vote that quashed calls for a referendum over whether Pres. Fujimori could run for re-election. 300 workers stormed the parade ground of the presidential palace.
    (SFC, 10/1/98, p.A14)
1998        Sep 30, In Portugal the end of Expo ‘98 in Lisbon.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)

1999        Sep 30, The SF Giants played their last game at Candlestick/3Com Park before a crowd of 61,389 fans. The Los Angeles Dodgers won, 9-to-4.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/30/00)
1999        Sep 30, Gunter Grass, German novelist, won the Nobel Prize for Literature and cited his 1959 novel "Tin Drum" for restoring honor to German literature.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A2)
1999        Sep 30, Defense Secretary William Cohen ordered a top-level investigation of accounts of mass killings of Korean civilians by US soldiers at No Gun Ri in 1950.
    (AP, 9/30/00)
1999        Sep 30, Donald Trump proposed himself as president in a WSJ editorial. A week later he appointed an exploratory committee to help him decide to run as a nominee of the Reform Party. 
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A26)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A3)
1999        Sep 30, The Buck Institute in Marin County, Ca., officially opened its doors, the first research facility in the country to respond to the Institute of Medicine’s call for research centers focused on aging and age-related diseases.
    (www.buckinstitute.org/site/)
1999        Sep 30, It was reported that Steven F. Udvar-Hazy (53), a Hungarian-American and president of the largest aircraft leasing company, planned to donate $60 million to the National Air & Space Museum.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.A12)
1999        Sep 30, Ecuador defaulted on a $44.5 million Brady bond interest payment. Debt restructuring plans were underway.
    (WSJ, 10/1/99, p.A13)
1999        Sep 30, In Japan 3 workers were hospitalized with radiation poisoning following an accidental 20-hour nuclear reaction at the JCO Co. nuclear processing plant in Tokaimura, 80 miles northeast of Tokyo. Area residents were told they could resume normal activity the next day. Production pressure was later cited as the cause of the accident. Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., the owner of JCO, promised to pay damages to victims of the accident. The number of people exposed was later raised to 69. Hisashi Ouchi (30), one of the 3 workers, died from radiation exposure on Dec 21. Masato Shinohara (40) died Apr 27, 2000.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/4/99, p.C1)(SFC, 12/22/99, p.C11)(SFC, 4/28/00, p.D6)
1999        Sep 30, In Kenya Catholic bishops issued a pastoral letter that warned of civil arrest due to corruption, poverty and other problems. Pres. Moi was blamed for stalling constitutional reform.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.D4)
1999        Sep 30, In Mexico a 7.5 slab earthquake was centered in Oaxaca state and killed 12 people. The death toll rose to 20 and 3,850 buildings were reported damaged.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/18/01, p.A15)
1999        Sep 30, It was reported that official graft in Russia cost the state as much as $20 billion a year.
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 30, Russian troops began a ground offensive into Chechnya aimed at creating a buffer zone to block the infiltration of Chechen guerrillas.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.D5)
1999        Sep 30, In Serbia police clashed with some 40,000 protestors for a 2nd night in Belgrade.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.D4)
1999        Sep 30, A spot currency trader in Germany for Electrolux of Sweden amassed losses that totaled some $28.3 million by this date.
    (WSJ, 1/4/00, p.A17)

2000        Sep 30, In Sydney, Australia, Marion Jones won Olympic gold in the U.S. women's 1,600-meter relay and bronze with the 400-meter squad, making her the only woman to win five track medals at one Olympics. In 2007 the IOC stripped Jones of her 5 medals due to use of steroids.
    (AP, 9/30/01)(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A1)
2000        Sep 30, The US and EU reached an agreement in Brussels to avert a trade war over a US tax-break for exporters.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, p.A13)
2000        Sep 30, A Catholic priest crashed his car into a building housing an abortion clinic in Rockford, Ill., and attacked it with an ax. The Rev. John Earl later pleaded guilty to damaging property, and was sentenced to 30 months' probation and two days in county jail.
    (AP, 9/30/01)
2000        Sep 30, Jacquelyn Reinach, writer, died at age 70. Her books included the “Sweet Pickles" series of children’s stories. She also authored the women’s song “Liberation Now."
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D5)
2000        Sep 30, In Northern Ireland the last 4 inmates left the Maze prison as part of the Good Friday Peace agreement. The prison was scheduled for shutdown.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, p.D14)
2000        Sep 30, Palestinians clashed with Israeli forces across the West Bank and Gaza for a 3rd day and 12 Palestinians were killed with over 500 injured. Mohammed Jamal Aldura (12) was among the dead and French TV showed him clinging to his father as they were caught in gunfire. The Israeli Army later said that Palestinian gunfire may have killed the boy.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/00, p.A16)

2001        Sep 30, Pres. Bush authorized $100 million in new relief aid to Afghan refugees.
    (SFC, 10/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 30, George Gately (72), the creator of the "Heathcliff" newspaper comic strip, died in Ridgewood, N.J.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2001        Sep 30, Dr. John Cunningham Lilly, dolphin and counter culture researcher, died at age 86. His books included “Man and Dolphin" and “The Mind of the Dolphin."
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A18)
2001        Sep 30, Leaders of the Taliban said they had Osama bin Laden “under our control," but would release him to the US only if shown proof that he plotted the Sep 11 attacks. Pres. Bush said he would not negotiate.
    (SFC, 10/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 30, Afghanistan’s Northern Alliance leader Younis Qanooni said he was optimistic about meeting with King Zahir Shah (86).
    (SFC, 10/1/01, p.A3)
2001        Sep 30, Pashtun chiefs from both sides of the Afghan-Pakistan border met in Quetta to discuss the crisis brought on by the Sep 11 attacks on the US. The groups included the Kuchi, Zadran, Ghilzai and Buzdar and were crucial in the Taliban’s rise to power.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A6)
2001        Sep 30, In Chechnya militants staged raids on army, police and administrative buildings over the weekend. In Kurchaloi 2 policemen were killed and 14 wounded.
    (WSJ, 10/1/01, p.A21)
2001        Sep 30, Israeli troops killed 3 Palestinians in the West Bank. The Palestinian death toll reached 18 since the cease-fire pledge last week.
    (SFC, 10/1/01, p.A8)

2002        Sep 30, Sen. Robert Torricelli, D-N.J., withdrew from his race for re-election over allegations of accepting expensive gifts. NJ law barred parties from replacing candidates less than 51 days before elections. Gov. James E. McGreevey announced on Oct 1 that former Sen. Frank Lautenberg (78) would replace Torricelli. The state Supreme Court ok'd the replacement Oct 2.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A7)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A3)
2002        Sep 30, The DJIA fell 109 to 7591.90. The Nasdaq fell 27.1 to 1,172.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.B1)
2002        Sep 30, The National Intelligence Council said China, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria and Russia will have 50-75 million HIV-infected people by 2010, more than any other 5 countries.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A5)
2002        Sep 30, It was reported that asparagine, a naturally occurring amino acid, formed acrylamide, a suspected carcinogen, when heated with certain sugars. This reaction was believed to occur in the making of fried foods such as potato chips and french fries.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.A3)

2003        Sep 30, The FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2003        Sep 30, Ford planned to cut some 12,000 jobs world-wide. Chrysler planned to eliminate several thousand positions.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Sep 30, Eighteen accused al-Qaida sympathizers were convicted in Belgium's biggest terrorism trial. Nizar Trabelsi of Tunisia, who once played professional soccer in Germany, received the maximum sentence of 10 years in prison from a court that also convicted 17 other men and acquitted five others.
    (AP, 9/30/03)(AP, 9/30/08)
2003        Sep 30, In Colombia assassins riding a motorbike killed Jose Castillo, a candidate for mayor in Soledad, marking the 15th candidate killed as elections approach.
    (AP, 9/30/03)
2003        Sep 30, Mauritius PM Anerood Jugnauth resigned and was replaced by his deputy, Paul Berenger. Jugnauth took up the ceremonial roll of president a few days later.
    (Econ, 9/27/03, p.46)
2003        Sep 30, Nigeria lifted its fuel price cap on petrol, diesel and kerosene throwing the market open to competition and chaos ensued.
    (Econ, 10/18/03, p.46)
2003        Sep 30, Norway's national film board lifted a ban on hundreds of films that were deemed too sexually explicit or violent, including 1994's "On Deadly Ground" starring Steven Seagal and the 1990 gangster epic "Miller's Crossing."
    (AP, 10/1/03)
2003        Sep 30, A Serbian police officer went on a shooting spree, killing four of his colleagues and seriously wounding three others.
    (AP, 9/30/03)

2004        Sep 30, President Bush and Sen. John Kerry held their 1st debate. Neither candidate made the kind of gaffe that will cost him the election, but Kerry fared slightly better. Kerry charged Americans had been left with "this incredible mess in Iraq" and Bush said U.S. troops look at the Democratic challenger and wonder, "How can I follow this guy?"
    (AP, 10/1/04)(AP, 9/30/05)
2004        Sep 30, The US House followed the Senate in decisively rejecting a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2004        Sep 30, US fiscal year 2004 ended. The CBO soon estimated a budget deficit for the year of about $415 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/7/04, p.A9)
2004        Sep 30, Officials at US 115 int’l. airports and 14 seaports began photographing and electronically fingerprinting travelers from 27 industrialized nations.
    (SFC, 10/1/04, p.A3)
2004        Sep 30, The 14th annual Ig Nobel prizes were handed out at Harvard. Winners included the late Frank Smith and his son Donald for their 1977 combover patent; Steven Stack of Wayne State University and James Gundlach of Auburn University won for their 1992 report on "The Effect of Country Music on Suicide."
    (AP, 10/1/04)
2004        Sep 30, Merck & Co. said the arthritis drug Vioxx, used by 2 million people around the world, was being pulled off the market after a study confirmed longstanding concerns that it raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. Global Vioxx sales in 2003 had reached $2.5 billion. In 2007 Merck agreed to a $4.85 million settlement.
    (AP, 9/30/04)(WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.A1)
2004        Sep 30, Taliban guerrillas killed at least 12 Afghan soldiers in the southern province of Zabul.
    (WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 30, Bulgaria adopted changes to its criminal justice system to meet EU demands for joining the group in 2007.
    (WSJ, 10/4/04, p.A15)
2004        Sep 30, In Haiti at least 3 people were killed as Port-au-Prince police battled Aristide backers. Lack of security kept hurricane aid locked in warehouses.
    (WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 30, Three bombs exploded at a neighborhood celebration in western Baghdad, killing 35 children and seven adults as US troops handed out candy at a government-sponsored celebration. Hours earlier, a suicide car bomb killed a U.S. soldier and two Iraqis on the capital's outskirts. Across Iraq insurgent attacks left 51 dead.
    (WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/30/05)
2004        Sep 30, The Arab news network Al-Jazeera showed video of 10 new hostages seized in Iraq by militants.
    (AP, 9/30/04)
2004        Sep 30, Israeli troops pushed deep into the largest Palestinian refugee camp after a Palestinian rocket killed two preschoolers in an Israeli border town. 28 Palestinians and three Israelis, including a woman jogging in a Jewish settlement and two soldiers, were killed in the fighting in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 9/30/04)(WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 30, In Japan the death toll from tropical storm Meari rose to 19 after searchers found more victims.
    (AP, 9/30/04)
2004        Sep 30, Two gunmen in Srinagar shot dead a member of the moderate faction of Kashmir's main separatist alliance.
    (AP, 9/30/04)
2004        Sep 30, Russia's Cabinet approved the Kyoto Protocol on global warming.
    (AP, 9/30/04)
2004        Sep 30, Sudan's foreign minister pledged to allow more African troops and police to help end the conflict in Darfur, responding to international demands for action to protect civilians.
    (AP, 10/1/04)
2004        Sep 30, A United Nations body argued that Africa's debt must be completely written off if the continent is to have a chance of meeting international goals on reducing poverty.
    (AP, 9/30/04)

2005        Sep 30, The US federal deficit for the fiscal year ending on this day stood at $319 billion, down from $413 billion in 2004.
    (SFC, 10/15/05, p.A7)
2005        Sep 30, The FAA gave Chicago the go-ahead for a $15 billion expansion of O’Hare Airport. The project required razing nearly 500 homes, a cemetery the relocating of nearly 200 businesses in the suburbs of Bensenville, Des Plaines and Elk Grove Village.
    (SFC, 10/1/05, p.A10)
2005        Sep 30, Out of jail after 85 days, New York Times reporter Judith Miller testified before a grand jury investigating the leak of CIA operative Valerie Plame's identity.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2005        Sep 30, In Georgia 6 men were killed in a string of robberies targeting Hispanic immigrants at trailer parks in and around Tifton. Four suspects were arrested and charged with murder and other offenses.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2005        Sep 30, New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin invited residents of some of the city's most popular neighborhoods to return at their own risk beginning today, a move that could bring back about one-third of the city's half-million inhabitants.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, Google submitted a competitive bid to provide SF free wireless Internet access using Wi-Fi technology.
    (SFC, 10/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 30, Eugene Beals (86), inventor of the turkey pop-up timer, died on Thetis Island in BC, Canada. He led a team that developed a prototype in the late 1960s under the name Dun-Rite Co., which was sold to 3M in 1973. 3M later sold it to Volk Enterprises of Georgia.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A32)
2005        Sep 30, Official referendum results showed Algerians overwhelmingly approved a peace plan that provides a broad amnesty for Islamic extremists, but which critics denounced as a whitewash of crimes committed during a bloody internal war. The Charter on Peace and National Reconciliation granted a broad amnesty to militants and offered some financial compensation to families of at least 6,000 “disappeared."
    (AP, 9/30/05)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.56)
2005        Sep 30, Olga de Alaketu (80), the high priestess of one the oldest temples of the Afro-Brazilian religion Condomble, was buried. She had died of complications from diabetes. Alaketu presided over the Ile Maroia Laji "terreiro," as Candomble temples are known, which was established in 1636, making it one of the oldest in the coastal city of Salvador da Bahia, where the religion is based.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Sep 30, The Shanghai Daily reported that Home Depot had received approval to invest $15.5 million in stores in China.
    (SFC, 10/1/05, p.C1)
2005        Sep 30, Thousands of foreign militiamen in Congo appeared to ignore this day’s deadline to leave this central African country or be evicted by force.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, The Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. Death threats against the artists soon followed with protest strikes in Kashmir, condemnation from Muslim leaders worldwide and even criticism from the UN. The paper refused to apologize for publishing the drawings, citing freedom of speech, a right cherished in this northern European country of 5.4 million, that also refused to prosecute an artist who depicted a crucified Jesus Christ with an erection. Kurt Westergaard created one of the cartoons, which featured the Prophet Muhammad with a bomb in his turban. In 2008 Westergaard offered to sell the cartoon. In 2009 Jytte Klausen authored “The Cartoons That Shook the World."
    (AP, 12/9/05)(WSJ, 2/29/08, p.A1)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.97)
2005        Sep 30, The EU insisted that governments and the private sector must share the responsibility of overseeing the Internet, setting the stage for a showdown with the United States on the future of Internet governance.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, In Meghalaya state, northeastern India, police opened fire on stone-throwing students in two towns, killing 12 of them protesting a government decision to shift a state education board to an area dominated by a different tribe.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, In India at least 14 people died after drinking illegal home-brewed liquor sold at unauthorized shops in the remote northeast. The death toll was likely to rise because 61 others were hospitalized after drinking the noxious brew in Tezpur, a town 110 miles north of Gauhati, the capital of Assam state.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Sep 30, In Indonesia riot police fired tear gas at about 100 rock-throwing students who were among thousands demonstrating on the eve of drastic fuel price increases, which President Yudhoyono defended as the only way to stave off an economic crisis.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, Sunni-led insurgents killed at least nine people with a car bomb in a crowded vegetable market this Friday, the Muslim day of worship.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants in a shootout, while Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement made an unexpectedly strong showing against rival Hamas in local elections in dozens of West Bank towns and villages.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, A bus carrying high school students on a pilgrimage to Czestochowa, a 14th century monastery and Poland's most sacred Roman Catholic shrine, collided with a truck and burst into flames, killing 12 people.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, In South Africa Mark Scott-Crossley, a white farmer convicted in the murder of one of his former black workers, was sentenced to life in prison. Co-defendant Simon Mathebula was sentenced to 15 years. In Jan 31, 2004, Nelson Chisale (41), who had been fired two months earlier for apparently running a personal errand during work hours, was beaten with machetes, tied up, driven to a nearby lion reserve, and thrown over the fence.
    (AP, 9/30/05)
2005        Sep 30, South American presidents committed themselves to establishing a continental free trade zone. The South American summit was attended by the presidents of Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil and Argentina.
    (AP, 10/1/05)
2005        Sep 30, Catalonia's parliament approved a new charter that called the wealthy region in northeastern Spain "a nation," wording that has some worried that the region is heading toward a break with Spain.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2006        Sep 30, Police in North Charleston, SC, discovered the bodies of Detra Rainey and her 4 children. Michael Simmons (41), her husband but not the father of the children, was charged the next day with the murders.
    (SFC, 10/2/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 30, Isabel Bigley (80), Tony Award-winning actress, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2006        Sep 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that he and the Pakistani president will jointly lead a series of tribal gatherings along their countries' shared border to quell attacks by Pakistan-based Taliban rebels. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in a pedestrian alley next to the Interior Ministry in Kabul, killing at least 12 people including a woman and 2 children.
    (AP, 9/30/06)(SSFC, 10/1/06, p.A21)
2006        Sep 30, In Canada at least five people were crushed to death in their cars after the collapse of an overpass near Montreal.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Sep 30, André Schwarz-Bart (b.1928), French novelist of Polish-Jewish origins, died in Guadeloupe. His books included the novel “The Last of the Just" (1960), based on the Jewish teaching that the fate of the world lies with 36 just men.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Schwarz-Bart)(WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P12)
2006        Sep 30, India’s PM Manmohan Singh arrived in South Africa to expand trade links and commemorate the passive resistance movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi in the African nation 100 years ago.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, A.N. Roy, Mumbai's police chief, said his team had cracked the July 11 bombing case and found solid evidence as that “the whole attack was planned by Pakistan's ISI and carried out by Lashkar-e-Taiba and their operatives in India." ISI or the Inter-Services Intelligence agency is Pakistan's military spy agency while Lashkar is a frontline Islamist group fighting against Indian rule in the disputed region of Kashmir. Pakistan and Lashkar rejected the allegations.
    (Reuters, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, Baghdad, Iraq, was put under a day long curfew to help break the cycle of violence. 6 people were killed in scattered violence around the country. Police found 10 bodies in Baghdad, apparently victims of sectarian death squads. Two other bodies were turned in to the morgue in Kut.
    (AP, 9/30/06)(SSFC, 10/1/06, p.A21)
2006        Sep 30, A Kurdish guerrilla group declared a new unilateral cease-fire in its war for autonomy in Turkey's southeast, heeding a call from its imprisoned rebel leader.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, In northwest Nigeria families were swept away in a torrent of water and scores were feared dead in flooding from a dam collapse outside Zamfara state's capital city of Gusau. About 40 people were feared dead and 500 houses were washed away.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
2006        Sep 30, Pakistan and United States signed a letter of acceptance for a multi-billion dollar package to supply the Pakistan Air Force with F-16 warplanes.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Sep 30, Thousands of government employees and security officials filled the streets of Gaza, burning tires, blocking roads and firing in the air to protest delays and complications in receiving their long-awaited salaries.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, Russia said that it has suspended plans for further withdrawal of its troops from Georgia amid worsening relations between the two neighbors.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, Serbia's parliament approved a new constitution declaring UN-run Kosovo part of the Balkan state despite ongoing negotiations on the breakaway province's future.
    (AP, 9/30/06)
2006        Sep 30, In Siberia Enver Ziganshin, chief engineer for Rusia Petroleum, was found shot dead at his country home. Rusia Petroleum an affiliate of BP PLC’s Russian joint venture, faced problems over its license to produce natural gas at the large Konvykta field.
    (WSJ, 10/3/06, p.A6)
2006        Sep 30, In South Africa the 4th annual Homeless World Cup tournament ended. It brought together 500 players from 48 countries in a project aimed at helping homeless people turn their lives around. The first was held in Austria in 2003 with just five countries competing.
    (AP, 9/29/06)
2006        Sep 30, In Tibet Sergiu Matei, a Romanian cameraman with an expedition climbing Cho Oyu, shot a video that shows Chinese forces fatally shooting Tibetan refugee Kelsang Namtso (17), who was with a group of people trying to flee to Nepal at the 19,000-foot Nanpa La Pass. Chinese border guards opened fire on some 75 Tibetans making their way over a 19,000-foot-high Himalayan pass, killing a 25-year-old Buddhist nun and another person. 32 were caught and detained. In January Jamyang Samten (15), one of those detained, escaped to India and provided the first reported account of the fate of the group. Some 3,000 Tibetans continued to sneak across the border to Nepal and India every year. In 2010 Jonathan Green authored “Murder in the High Himalaya: Loyalty, Tragedy, and Escape from Tibet."
    (AP, 10/14/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.18)(AP, 1/30/07)(Econ, 6/12/10, p.96)

2007        Sep 30, In SF the 24th annual Folsom Street Fair celebrated leather culture and sexual fetishism.
    (SFC, 10/1/07, p.B1)
2007        Sep 30, In Burlingame, Ca., a shooting on Highway 101 killed Londell Wilson (25). Police used a stoplight photograph from a nearby exit to identify the car and on Oct 24 arrested Doyal “Ali" Malcolm Webber of Hayward (18) for the shooting. In 2009 Webber was sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/25/07, p.B1)(SFC, 11/24/09, p.C2)
2007        Sep 30, Taylor Bradford (21), a University of Memphis football player, was fatally shot on campus in what was believed to be a targeted attack. Classes for the next day were canceled as a precaution.
    (AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, So far this year, according to the Pan American Health Organization, 630,356 dengue cases have been reported in the Americas, most in Brazil, Venezuela, or Colombia, with 12,147 cases of hemorrhagic fever and 183 deaths. The Dominican Republic has reported 25 deaths, while Puerto Rico claimed 5,592 suspected cases and three deaths.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, President Hamid Karzai's office said that there is "serious debate" among some Taliban fighters about laying down arms, while a spokesman for the militants said they will "never" negotiate with Afghan authorities until foreign troops leave. Two workers with the Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees (DACAAR) were abducted in the province of Logar about 50 kilometers (30 miles) south of Kabul. Taliban militants hanged a teenager in southern Afghanistan because he had US money in his pocket, and they stuffed five $1 bills in his mouth as a warning to others not to use dollars. Taliban insurgents in Ghazni province ambushed a police convoy, killing eight officers.
    (AP, 9/30/07)(AFP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, Ahmed Akbar Sobhan, a property tycoon and one of Bangladesh's richest men, his wife and three sons were sentenced in absentia to five years each in jail as part of a government anti-corruption drive.
    (AFP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Milan Jelic (51), president of Bosnia's Serb Republic died of a heart attack after less than a year on the job.
    (AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, It was reported that China has banned television and radio ads for push-up bras, figure-enhancing underwear and sex toys in the communist government's latest move to purge the nation's airwaves of what it calls social pollution.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, The people of Ecuador voted on electing a constitutional assembly to rewrite the constitution. Supporters of Pres. Correa won some 70 of the 130 assembly seats.
    (WSJ, 10/2/07, p.A8)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.40)
2007        Sep 30, Haile Gebrselassie of Ethiopia broke the world record in winning the Berlin Marathon in two hours, four minutes and 26 seconds.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Gunmen in the main northern Iraqi city of Mosul sprayed the car of a Sunni politician with bullets, killing him and three bodyguards. Iraqi soldiers killed 44 "terrorists" over the past 24 hours. The operations were centered in Salahuddin and Diyala provinces and around the city of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, Myanmar's government unexpectedly allowed the country's leading opposition figure, Aung San Suu Kyi, to leave house arrest briefly and meet with a UN envoy trying to persuade the junta to ease its crackdown against a pro-democracy uprising. Thousands of troops locked down Myanmar's largest cities, and scores of people were arrested overnight. In Mandalay, Myanmar's second largest city, security forces arrested dozens of university students who staged a street protest.
    (AP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, A trade union affiliated with former communist rebels attacked Nepal's largest newspaper office, destroying property and forcing a halt to publication. The Kantipur Publication, which publishes the privately run Nepali language newspaper Kantipur and English edition The Kathmandu Post, was attacked by supporters of the All Nepal Printing and Publication Workers' Union.
    (AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, Negotiators at North Korea's disarmament talks tentatively agreed to a draft plan on disabling the country's nuclear facilities by year's end.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Pakistan's key opposition parties vowed to lodge a last-ditch Supreme Court challenge aimed at stopping President Pervez Musharraf standing for re-election on October 6. Pakistani journalists protested against police violence against colleagues covering a protest against President Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad a day earlier.
    (AFP, 9/30/07)(Reuters, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Scores of Palestinian militants who had been stranded in Egypt since Hamas seized Gaza in June returned to the territory.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Garry Kasparov, former world chess champion, entered Russia's presidential race, elected overwhelmingly as the candidate for the country's beleaguered opposition coalition.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Taiwan's ruling party passed a resolution asserting the island's separate identity from rival China and calling for a referendum on Taiwan's sovereignty, the latest in a series of moves aimed at strengthening the island's de-facto independence.
    (AP, 9/30/07)
2007        Sep 30, Thailand's General Sonthi Boonyaratglin, who led last year's coup, stepped down as head of the nation's junta, paving the way for him to join the cabinet.
    (AFP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, Ukrainians began voting in an early parliamentary election meant to bring an end to a months-long political standoff between the nation's two feuding leaders. Victor Yushchenko’s party earned only about 16% of the parliamentary vote. PM Viktor Yanukovych, had about 30% of the vote. Yulia Tymoshenko’s bloc was leading with 33%.
    (AP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007        Sep 30, A volcanic explosion rocked Yemen’s tiny Jabal al-Tair island in the Red Sea, spewing lava and ash hundreds of feet into the air and forcing Yemeni authorities to evacuate a military base. 8 soldiers were missing.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2008        Sep 30, President Bush warned that failing to pass a financial rescue plan would bring severe consequences to the US economy. "Congress must act," he declared in an appeal that John McCain and Barack Obama echoed.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 30, A new US law took effect as part of the 2008 Farm Bill requiring food retailers to label or display the country of origin for meat, produce and certain kinds of nuts.
    (WSJ, 12/27/08, p.A7)
2008        Sep 30, The Cayman Islands announced plans to scuttle a decommissioned US Navy ship to create an underwater attraction for scuba divers and snorkelers.
    (AP, 10/1/08)
2008        Sep 30, In the Dominican Republic a Hummer truck registered to New York Mets pitcher Ambiorix Burgos struck pedestrians Josefina Minaya Martinez (38) and Angely Fana (29). They died later at a hospital. An arrest warrant for Burgos was issued on Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Sep 30, Bank rescues spread in Europe and some investors expressed faith that the US Congress would eventually pass a $700 billion bailout plan for the financial sector.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 30, Former Nepalese Gurkha soldiers won a legal test case on their bid for the right to settle in Britain.
    (AFP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 30, China’s state media reported that police in northern China have arrested 27 people in their probe into tainted milk that has sickened 53,000 children and tarnished China's reputation abroad.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 30, Zhou Yongjun (41), former student leader of the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy movement, was seized and secretly imprisoned as he sought to re-enter China to visit his parents. When he tried to return to China in 1998, he was sentenced to three years of "re-education through labor" and returned to the United States in 2002. In May 2009 he was charged with fraud.
    (SFC, 5/14/09, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/p6mcno)
2008        Sep 30, A French court ended a long legal battle between Bernard Tapie (b.1943) and the Crédit Lyonnais bank. Crédit Lyonnais had allegedly defrauded Tapie in 1993 and 1994 when it sold Adidas on his behalf to Robert Louis-Dreyfus, apparently by arranging a larger sale with Dreyfus without Tapie's knowledge. The court awarded 405 million euros to Tapie. This decision was partially overturned on 9 October 2006 by the Court of Cassation. In 2011 a French court ordered an investigation into IMF chief Christine Lagarde, France’s finance minister at the time of the settlement.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Tapie)(SFC, 8/5/11, p.A2)
2008        Sep 30, In western India thousands of pilgrims panicked by false rumors of a bomb stampeded at a Hindu temple in Jodhpur, killing at least 224 people in the crush to escape.
    (AP, 9/30/08)(AP, 10/2/08)
2008        Sep 30, An American soldier was killed by small-arms fire in northern Baghdad, one of only eight US deaths during fighting in September. At least 159 Iraqi police, soldiers and Sunni armed guards who have joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq were killed in September. At least 503 Iraqis were killed in September, a more than 50 percent drop compared with 1,023 reported last September.
    (AP, 10/1/08)
2008        Sep 30, In Ingushetia a suicide bomber attacked the motorcade of Ruslan Meiriyev, the top police official. Meiriyev was unhurt, but a bystander was killed along with the attacker.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2008        Sep 30, In Ireland Brian Cowen, the Fianna Fail prime minister, decided to guarantee all bank deposits in Ireland. By late 2010 the bill for this reached almost a third of GDP.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.103)
2008        Sep 30, Italian police arrested scores of suspected mobsters, including three top fugitives believed linked to the gangland-style slaying of six African immigrants near Naples.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 30, In Mexico 20 heavily armed men in Sinaloa state stole five small planes that the army had seized in anti-drug operations. Officials on Oct 3 said the planes were found on a ranch in the Pacific coast state of Sinaloa, a hotbed of drug trafficking.
    (AP, 10/1/08)(AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Sep 30, In Mexico Ramiro Guillen Tapia (65), leader of a farmers' group seeking government mediation in a dispute over 620 acres (250 hectares) of land in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, set himself on fire. Tapia died the next day with third-degree burns over 70 percent of his body.
    (AP, 10/1/08)
2008        Sep 30, A late night missile strike by a suspected US drone killed at least six people in a Pakistan’s North Waziristan tribal region.
    (AP, 10/1/08)
2008        Sep 30, Alexander Lebedev, a Russian billionaire said he is teaming up with former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to form a new political party that will challenge the country's recent steps away from democracy.
    (AP, 9/30/08)
2008        Sep 30, Tropical Storm Mekkhala slammed into Vietnam's central coast before moving to Laos later the same day. At least 8 people were killed with 8 more missing.
    (AP, 10/2/08)

2009        Sep 30, The US fiscal year ended with a budget deficit at a record $1.4 trillion.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.A5)
2009        Sep 30, The US government and ICANN, the body in charge of assigning Internet addresses, signed an agreement that allows for greater global participation in the Internet domain name process. The agreement, which allows ICANN to become a "private sector led organization," subjects ICANN to periodic reviews by a panel that includes a US representative and independent experts, essentially allowing the organization to no longer report solely to the United States.
    (Reuters, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Arizona a new law took effect allowing people with concealed weapons permits to enter bars and restaurants, that haven’t posted signs banning guns. Those carrying weapons would not be allowed to drink alcohol.
    (SFC, 9/30/09, p.A8)
2009        Sep 30, Google rolled out Google Wave for a test involving some 100,000 people. The product was billed as a revolutionary way to collaborate online.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.74)
2009        Sep 30, The Penske Automotive Group Inc. announced it is walking away from a deal to acquire the Saturn brand from GM, after being unable to find a manufacturer to make Saturn cars when GM stops producing models sometime after the end of 2011. The brand was set up in 1990 to fight growing Japanese imports.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Nevada Karamjit Kaur (16), a high school sophomore, disappeared in Reno. Police suspected foul play. She was found with her brother-in-law on Oct 5 at a hotel in Merrillville, Ind.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.A10)(SFC, 10/5/09, p.A5)
2009        Sep 30, The 24 members of UNESCO's Intergovernmental Committee of Intangible Heritage granted the tango dance and its music protected cultural status at its meeting in Abu Dhabi. The designation may make Argentina and Uruguay, which both claim to be tango's birthplace, eligible to receive financial assistance from a specialized fund for safeguarding cultural traditions.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In southern Afghanistan 9 civilians including six children were killed in a NATO air strike targeting a Taliban position. Four armed Taliban were also killed in the air attack in Khoshal village in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 10/1/09)
2009        Sep 30, The UN dismissed Peter Galbraith, the top US diplomat at the UN mission in Afghanistan, after he quarreled with Kai Eide, his European boss, over the Afghan presidential election.
    (Reuters, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, Bangladesh awarded a farmer who killed more than 83,000 rats and launched a monthlong campaign nationwide to kill millions more, to protect crops and reduce the need for food imports.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, The British Office of Fair Trading said six recruitment companies have together been fined almost 40 million pounds for price-fixing and the boycott of a rival company. They had all breached Britain's 1998 Competition Act.
    (AFP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, Amnesty International said tens of thousands of women who fled unrest in Darfur face the daily threat or rape and violence in refugee camps in neighboring Chad.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, China launched a massive shut-down of bustling central Beijing on the eve of a spectacular celebration of 60 years of Communist rule, with authorities determined to leave nothing to chance.
    (AFP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, Colombian authorities said a gunman on horseback killed German Herrera (41), a town councilman in Castillo, and wounded an 11-year-old boy. Herrera had been threatened by leftist FARC rebels active in the area. The national councilman's federation said nine town councilmen have been killed in Colombia this year, compared to 13 in all of 2008.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Ecuador a battle in the southeastern jungle killed at least one Indian and wounded 40 police and nine Indians on the Upano River in the province of Morona Santiago. The Amazon Indian federation said 500 police provoked the violence by attacking Shuar Indians who were blocking roads to protest resources legislation.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Sep 30, A spokesman said the US military has begun an exercise in Gabon with personnel from 25 African countries to improve command and control between forces for possible peacekeeping or anti-terrorism missions. Africom, headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany, formally activated last October, sponsored the exercise.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, An EU-commissioned report said Georgia's attack on its breakaway South Ossetia region marked the start of last year's war with Russia, which retaliated with excessive force.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, Guinea's military leader, Capt. Moussa "Dadis" Camara, banned all gatherings and demonstrations and called for two days of mourning after troops opened fire on 50,000 pro-democracy protesters at a stadium rally on Sep 28.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Honduras soldiers and police enforced an emergency decree suspending civil liberties despite promises by the coup-imposed government to lift the measures criticized by its own allies as going too far.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In southern India a state-owned boat carrying 75 tourists capsized on a reservoir in the remote Thekkady forest area in Kerala state, killing at least 17 people and leaving dozens missing.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, A 7.6 underwater earthquake rocked western Indonesia, briefly triggering a tsunami alert for countries along the Indian Ocean and sending panicked residents out of their houses. The quake toppled buildings, cut power and triggered a landslide on Sumatra island.  The UN later said 1,100 had been killed in and around Padang, a port city of 900,000 that sits atop one of the world's most active seismic fault lines along the Pacific "Ring of Fire." At least three villages were obliterated by earthquake-triggered landslides that buried as many as 644 people including a wedding party under mountains of mud and debris.
    (AFP, 9/30/09)(AP, 10/2/09)(Reuters, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Iran Saeed Hajjarian (55), considered a top architect and ideologue of the movement pushing for more social and political freedoms, was released on bail after more than three months in jail on charges of inciting the country's postelection unrest.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Kazakhstan Canadian circus billionaire Guy Laliberte blasted off in a Russian Soyuz spaceship to become the world's seventh space tourist.
    (Reuters, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, Aaron Ringera, Kenya's anti-corruption chief, resigned after weeks of public protest and a parliamentary vote against his reappointment. Ringera led the Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission for five years before President Mwai Kibaki reappointed him in August. The commission had not successfully concluded one case of high-level corruption. Ringera blamed the commission's lack of powers to prosecute.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In North Korea a ceremony marked the return of UN Development Program to the country. UNDP withdrew its operations in March 2007 following allegations that the agency had left itself open to exploitation by the communist regime for money laundering and other illicit purposes. A UN audit cleared UNDP of wrongdoing in June, 2008.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Pakistan a suspected US missile attack killed 6 alleged militants just over the border from Afghanistan, the 3rd such strike on the al-Qaida and Taliban stronghold in 24 hours.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Peru a court imposed a six-year prison sentence on disgraced ex-President Alberto Fujimori, who already faced the prospect of spending the rest of his life in a cell after three previous convictions. He also was fined $9 million for authorizing wiretaps and bribes.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, In Venezuela more than 150 university students ended a hunger strike after the Organization of American States (OAS) agreed to hear their concerns over alleged political persecution by President Hugo Chavez's government.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Sep 30, The World Bank announced a 74-million-dollar grant to revive Zimbabwe's agriculture sector.
    (AFP, 9/30/09)

2010        Sep 30, US federal prosecutors said over 50 people have been charged in int’l. schemes that used computer viruses to steal millions of dollars from bank accounts in the US and England. The cyberattacks included malware known as the “Zeus Trojan."
    (SFC, 10/1/10, p.A8)
2010        Sep 30, The US fiscal year ended. The budget deficit stood at $1.3 trillion, equal to 9% of GDP. Immigration and Customs officials removed 392,000 illegal immigrants over the fiscal year, an increase of 23,000 over 2009.
    (SFC, 10/7/10, p.A6)(Econ, 11/20/10, p.29)
2010        Sep 30, US federal officials announced that Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. will pay $422.5 million in penalties for marketing an epilepsy medicine for unapproved uses and for paying kickbacks to doctors to prescribe it and 5 other drugs.
    (SFC, 10/1/10, p.D3)
2010        Sep 30, San Francisco officials secured a 4th in a series of injunctions against street gangs. a judge approved an order singling out 2 gangs whose bitter rivalry has left 10 people dead over the last 3 years in the Visitacion Valley area.
    (SFC, 10/1/10, p.A1)
2010        Sep 30, Vandals in San Francisco severely damaged 3 golf course holes in Golden Gate Park. The struck again on Oct 4. Damages were estimated at $75k-$100 thousand.
    (SFC, 10/7/10, p.A1)
2010        Sep 30, New Jersey police shot and killed Alfred Moton Sr. (54) after he charged officers with a handgun. Moton had already shot dead 2 sons, critically injured a third and set fire to their home in Pennsauken.
    (SFC, 10/2/10, p.A5)
2010        Sep 30, Tiffany Hartley and her husband, David, were on Jet Skis on Falcon Lake, Texas, when men on three speedboats chased them, shooting her husband in the head. Authorities have not recovered his body. The alleged attack happened near the US-Mexican boundary of the lake, which is about 60 miles down the border from Laredo.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Sep 30, Hewlett-Packard’s board of directors elected Leo Apotheker, the former head of German business giant SAP AG, to replace mark Hurd as CEO.
    (SFC, 10/1/10, p.A1)
2010        Sep 30, Researchers who used a remote-controlled helicopter to collect whale snot, documented bats having oral sex and showed that swearing makes you feel better when you stub a toe were among the winners of spoof IgNobel prizes.
    (AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated a bomb-laden sedan near an alliance convoy, killing three Afghan civilians nearby. NATO-led soldiers were killed in separate attacks, two in homemade bomb explosions and the third in a firefight with insurgents. Afghan and international forces captured a senior Taliban leader based in the Panjwai district of Kandahar province. Afghan and coalition security forces in Khost captured a Haqqani Network operative involved in indiscriminate explosive attacks and providing support to Taliban insurgents. Another Haqqani senior leader and 6 insurgents were also killed in an operation in Khost.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)(AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Sep 30, Algerian daily Al-Watan said spy chiefs from four north African countries (Algeria, Mauritania, Mali and Niger) have set up a center for joint operations against Al Qaeda in the Sahel region during a meeting in Algiers.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, The Arabic-language Al-Ittihad daily quoted Dubai police chief Dahi Khalfan as saying he had "received two death threats based on the case of Hamas militant" Mahmud al-Mabhuh's assassination in a Dubai hotel on January 20.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, Argentina granted asylum to Galvarino Apablaza Guerra, a former leftist guerrilla, charged in his native Chile with assassinating right-wing Sen. Jaime Guzman and kidnapping businessman Christian Edwards del Rio in 1991. Apablaza, who requested asylum in 2004, was an ideological leader of a branch of Chile's Communist Party that took up arms against Pinochet.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, The South China Morning Post quoted Derek Reveron, a cyber expert at the US Naval War School, as saying: "The Stuxnet worm is a wake-up call to governments around the world." China’s state media had reported this week that the Stuxnet computer worm has wreaked havoc, infecting millions of computers around the country.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Denmark Flemming Rose's "The Tyranny of Silence," a book on the crisis sparked by a Danish newspaper's publication of cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed five years ago, hit stores in amid concerns over a backlash from the Muslim world.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Ecuador rebellious police threw the country into chaos. 8 people were killed including at least two police officers and a soldier. 247 were injured in the mayhem. Insurgents also paralyzed the nation with airport shutdowns and highway blockades. Pres. Correa (47) was trapped inside the hospital for hours before troops rescued him amid a blaze of gunfire. Police chief Freddy Martinez was not involved in the protests but failed to stop them, so he was the first senior officer to lose his job. Correa’s efforts to cut back spending had made him enemies, including some of the rank and file in the security forces.
    (AP, 10/1/10)(Reuters, 10/1/10)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.54)
2010        Sep 30, Egyptian telecom giant Orascom Telecom said its Algeria unit has been hit with a $230 million preliminary tax reassessment, marking a new and increasingly acrimonious chapter in the company's relations with the North African nation.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, Europe’s debt crisis dumped more woe on Ireland's weary taxpayers, as the government said it needed to pour billions more of their money into a collapsed banking system.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, An Indian court ruled that a disputed holy site that sparked bloody riots in the past should now be divided between the Hindu and Muslim communities. The compromise ruling gave Hindus control over the area where the now-demolished Babri Mosque stood, and where a makeshift tent-shrine to the Hindu god Rama now rests. Some 2,000 people were killed in 1992 when Hindu hard-liners razed the Babri Mosque built on the site in 1528 by the Mughal emperor Babur.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Iraq a gang using bombs and automatic weapons tried to storm a bank in Baghdad in a failed robbery attempt that left three people dead, including two policemen.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, Japanese researchers said they had developed a hybrid vehicle motor that is free of rare earths, the minerals that are now almost exclusively produced by China.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) rebel group extended a ceasefire with Turkey by one month in a move it said is aimed at giving a chance to efforts to end a war that has killed 40,000 people.
    (Reuters, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Mexico rescuers found more bodies buried by earlier landslides, raising the death toll from a series of slides in the south to at least 36. Another landslide in the town of Villa Hidalgo Yalalag in Oaxaca state buried an 80-year-old man and his 68-year-old wife.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)(AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Mexico a group of 20 men in Acapulco, visiting from the western city of Morelia, were abducted by an armed gang as they looked for a place to stay. 2 fellow travelers had left the others to go a store and when they returned their companions were gone. On Nov 3 the bodies of the 18 men were found in a mass grave outside Acapulco.
    (AP, 10/2/10)(AP, 11/6/10)
2010        Sep 30, Doctors Without Borders said Morocco has expelled hundreds of illegal immigrants, including women and children, to a no-man's-land without food or water after violent raids in several cities. The humanitarian group claimed 600 to 700 people were arrested during raids from Aug. 19 to Sept. 10 and abandoned near the Morocco-Algeria border.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, Lawyers said courts in military-ruled Myanmar have given long prison sentences to 13 people, including a Buddhist monk, who were accused of planning bombings and other activities to disrupt upcoming elections.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, Pakistani troops fired warning shots at the two NATO helicopters, which responded with a pair of missiles that destroyed the post, killed 2 of the soldiers and wounded the 4 others. Pakistan then blocked a vital supply route for US and NATO troops in Afghanistan in apparent retaliation for the alleged cross-border helicopter strike. On Oct 6 the US apologized for the deaths and wounding of the Pakistani paramilitary troops.
    (AP, 9/30/10)(SFC, 10/7/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 30, Puerto Rico police charged a couple with repeatedly raping their six children and forcing them to participate in drug-fueled orgies. Police said the alleged abuse occurred daily from 2001 to 2004. The three girls were 3, 5 and 7 years old at the time. The boys were 9, 10 and 11.
    (AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Sweden activists from Nepal, Nigeria, Brazil and Israel were named the winners of this year's Right Livelihood Award, also known as the "alternative Nobel," for work that included fighting to save the Amazon rain forest and bringing health care to Palestinians cut off from services. The recipients included Nigeria's Nnimmo Bassey (42), Catholic Bishop Erwin Kraeutler (71) of Brazil, Shrikrishna Upadhyay (65) of Nepal, and the organization Physicians for Human Rights Israel.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, The UN's drug agency said Afghanistan's opium production has fallen by almost half in 2010 due largely to the spread of a disease that damaged poppy plants, but the amount of land used for growing the crop remained the same after two years of declines.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 30, Zimbabwe's Pres. Mugabe told foreign investors that they must accept black Zimbabweans as the major shareholders in their projects, or stay away from the southern African nation.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2011        Sep 30, The Connecticut Supreme court ruled that the Bishop Seabury Church in Groton, which broke away from the Episcopal Church after it consecrated its first gay bishop in 2003, cannot keep its building and land.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.A4)
2011        Sep 30, In Connecticut a 20-month-old girl died after being attacked by as many as three pit bulls inside an apartment house in West Haven. The dogs were euthanized.
    (Reuters, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 30, Massachusetts police arrested Steven Bernard Hill, a singer known for his 1990 chart-topping love song, on charges of owing $420,000 in unpaid child support. Hill, who performs as Stevie B, is best known for the song "Because I Love You (The Postman Song)." It reached No. 1 on the Billboard charts in late 1990.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 30, The Tevatron particle accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, was shut down.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.85)(http://tinyurl.com/42odxlf)
2011        Sep 30, Ralph Steinman of Rockefeller University in New York, co-winner of this year's Nobel Prize in medicine, died. His prize was announced Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in a videotaped speech that attempts to negotiate with the Taliban insurgent movement are futile and efforts at dialogue should focus instead on Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 30, Canada’s Supreme Court ruled that the Insite clinic in Vancouver, North America’s only legal drub abuser injection site, saves lives and should stay open.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 30, Central African Republic health minister Jean-Michel Mandaba said a new cholera epidemic has hit the country and has already claimed at least 10 victims in the south.
    (AFP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Egypt several thousand protesters demanded the country's military rulers put an end to emergency laws dating back to the rule of ousted President Hosni Mubarak. A church was burned down in Merinab village after Aswan provincial governor Mustafa al-Seyyed was reported as saying Copts had built it without the required planning permission.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Greece a man (36) wanted for possible ties to the domestic Revolutionary Struggle terror group handed himself to Athens prosecutors and will go on trial next week. The man will be among eight suspected members, aged between 31 and 42, going on trial beginning Oct. 5. Three of the eight, Nikos Maziotis, Panayiota Roupa and Kostas Gournas, have admitted being members of the group and claim to be political prisoners.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, A Hong Kong court ruled that a law banning foreign maids from permanent residency is unconstitutional in a landmark case that could pave the way for a flood of applications. The legal action brought by Evangeline Banao Vallejos (59), a domestic helper from the Philippines who has lived in the city since 1986.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Iran’s Fars news agency said pastor Yusef Nadarkhani, arrested for apostasy in 2009, will not face the death penalty but is a traitorous "Zionist" who has committed "security crimes."
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Sep 30, In central Iraq a car bomb ripped through a funeral procession near a mosque in Babil province, killing 17 people. Three people were killed, including a policeman, in multiple attacks in the restive province of Diyala. In Baghdad a roadside bomb targeting a shop selling birds in the Zafraniyah neighborhood killed at least one person.
    (AP, 9/31/11)(SFC, 10/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Sep 30, A Mauritanian official said that police have arrested 56 people following violent clashes over a population census.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Mexico a 13-year-old girl was abducted in Chihuahua state. Two soldiers were detained, hours after the girl's parents reported she had been abducted. A third civilian suspect was still at large.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Sep 30, Myanmar's President Thein Sein ordered a halt to construction of the Myitsone dam, a controversial $3.6 billion mega dam, following rare public opposition over the Chinese-backed hydropower project. Myitsone was just one of 7 dams planned for the upper Irrawaddy.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.51)
2011        Sep 30, Namibian tribal leaders took possession of the skulls of 20 of their countrymen, taken by German colonial forces more than a century ago for racial experiments. The 9 Herero and 11 Nama skulls, four females and 16 male, had arrived in Berlin, between 1909-1914. Germany's colonial power in Africa included the bloody suppression of a Herero and Nama uprising between 1904 and 1908 that left tens of thousands dead.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Gunmen attacked a ship supplying an Exxon Mobil Corp. offshore oil rig near the coast of Nigeria, kidnapping a sailor and leaving another wounded.
    (AP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Pakistan a US missile strike killed three suspected militants in the South Waziristan tribal area.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Two former Rwandan ministers were jailed for 30 years by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) for involvement in the country's 1994 genocide. Former public service minister Prosper Mugiraneza and his then trade counterpart Justin Mugenzi were convicted of complicity to commit genocide and incitement to commit genocide. The Tanzania-based tribunal acquitted 2 other ministers charged with similar offences due to lack of evidence.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Somalia heavy fighting broke out close to the border with Kenya. Extremist Shehab fighters launched a dawn attack on the town of Dhobley, but were later repelled.
    (AFP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Spain took over savings banks (cajas) valuing their equity at close to zero.
    (Econ, 10/8/11, p.88)
2011        Sep 30, Sri Lanka's government released nearly 1,800 former Tamil Tiger rebels who had been held since the island nation's civil war ended more than two years ago.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Sudan failed to meet an agreed troop withdrawal deadline for the contested Abyei region and blocked the return of displaced southern residents.
    (AFP, 9/31/11)
2011        Sep 30, Syrian troops in Rastan fought intense battles with hundreds of fellow soldiers who have turned their weapons against the regime of Pres. Assad. Troops also clashed with armed anti-regime forces in central regions. Across the country tens of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets, braving gunfire by government forces who have waged a relentless crackdown. At least 11 protesters were killed and scores were wounded.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, Typhoon Nesat whacked into Vietnam, forcing 20,000 people to be evacuated. Prolonged monsoon flooding, typhoons and storms have wreaked untold havoc in Asian countries, leaving more than 600 people dead or missing in India, Thailand, the Philippines, Japan, China, Pakistan and Vietnam in the last four months.
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 30, In Yemen US airstrikes killed Anwar al-Awlaki (b.1971), an American militant cleric who became a prominent figure in the terror network's most dangerous branch, using his fluent English and Internet savvy to draw recruits for attacks in the United States. Yemen's Defense Ministry said Samir Khan, another American militant, was killed in the same strike. Khan, a US citizen of Pakistani heritage, had produced "Inspire," an English-language al-Qaida Web magazine that spread the word on ways to carry out attacks inside the United States. Ibrahim al-Asiri, a top Al-Qaida bomb maker, also died in the strike.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(SFC, 10/1/11, p.A3)

2012        Sep 30, Barry Commoner (b.1917), a founder of the modern ecology movement, died in Manhattan. His work contributed materially to the 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
    (SFC, 10/2/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 30, The .38-caliber Detective Special of Bonnie Parker (d.1934) was sold at auction in Nashua, NH, for $264,000. Clyde Barrow’s Colt .45-caliber sold for $240,000. A .45-caliber gun once owned by Butch Cassidy sold for $175,000.
    (SFC, 10/1/12, p.A4)
2012        Sep 30, In Bangladesh thousands of Muslims angry over an alleged derogatory photo of the Islamic holy book Quran on Facebook set fires overnight in at least 10 Buddhist temples and 40 homes near the southern border with Myanmar.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Cambodia 6 farmers were killed in northwestern Battambang province when their tractor ran over an anti-tank mine left over from the 1980s civil war.
    (AP, 10/1/12)
2012        Sep 30, In France thousands of demonstrators marched peacefully in Paris to denounce austerity measures in Europe that have sparked violent protests in other EU countries struggling to avert fiscal crises.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Haiti thousands of people in Port-au-Prince, complaining of the high cost of living and alleged corruption, protested against the government of Pres. Michel Martelly.
    (SFC, 10/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 30, A special media court found Parisa Hafezi, the Tehran bureau chief of the Thomson Reuters news agency, guilty of "spreading lies" against the Islamic system for a video story that briefly included a posted description of women training as martial arts killers.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Iraq bombs striking Shiite neighborhoods, security forces and other targets across the country killed at least 26 people. In all, at least 94 people were wounded in the wave of attacks.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Kenya an explosive device set off in a Sunday school class killed one child and seriously wounded three. The Somali militant group al-Shabab were suspected behind the attack at an Anglican church in Nairobi.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Nigeria Royal Dutch Shell PLC shut down a pipeline in the oil-rich southern delta after a fire and a suspected attempt to steal crude from one of its lines.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Syria a suicide attacker in a parked car blew himself up in an area housing security offices in the northeast, killing at least four people. Activists put the death toll at eight and said it was expected to rise because 15 people sustained serious wounds. The explosion came hours after fighting between rebels and government forces killed at least five people in Aleppo.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged Syria's allies to stop backing the Assad regime. "We call on Russia, China and Iran, please review your stance," Erdogan told a conference of his ruling Justice and Development Party.
    (AP, 9/30/12)
2012        Sep 30, In Venezuela a huge crowd filled the streets of Caracas cheering for opposition candidate Henrique Capriles, waving flags in a show of support one week before the country's hotly contested presidential election.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2013        Sep 30, In Washington DC Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu urged President Barack Obama to step up sanctions on Iran if it pursues its nuclear drive even as Tehran exchanges overtures with Washington and restarts negotiations with the West.
    (AP, 10/1/13)
2013        Sep 30, The commandant of the US Marine Corps sacked two generals in the wake of a deadly attack last year by the Taliban on a major NATO base in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/1/13)
2013        Sep 30, In south-central Colorado 5 hikers were killed by a rockslide on a trail below Mount Princeton.
    (SFC, 10/1/13, p.A8)
2013        Sep 30, Angolan authorities suspended a prison director and 15 officials after a video, posted in August, of wardens beating up inmates circulated on social networks.
    (AFP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In Sarajevo, Bosnia, trams and trolley buses ground to a halt after top power utility, EPBiH, cut electricity supplies to the capital's public transport company over unpaid bills.
    (AP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Britain staff in hundreds of post offices started industrial action in a bitter row with the government over jobs, pay and closures.
    (AFP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Canadian oil company Pacific Rubiales said it is acquiring Colombia’s Petrominerales for around 1.6 billion Canadian dollars ($1.55 billion).
    (AFP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In China a disused factory building collapsed burying 16 construction workers in Wuan city, Hebei province.
    (SFC, 10/1/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 30, In Egypt gunmen killed two policemen and a soldier in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In India Lalu Prasad Yadav, a prominent lawmaker allied with the government, was found guilty of corruption, a fresh blow for an administration that was widely lambasted last week for trying to protect convicted politicians in the run-up to elections.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In Iran Mojtaba Ahmadi, an official of the elite Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), was found shot dead near Karaj, a town northwest of the capital Tehran.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)
2013        Sep 30, In Iraq 12 car bombs, mainly targeting Shiite-majority areas of Baghdad province, killed 55 people and wounded more than 14. Al-Qaida's local franchise in Iraq claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/30/13)(AP, 10/1/13)
2013        Sep 30, An Israeli court remanded in custody for eight days Ali Mansouri (55), an alleged Iranian spy, arrested on September 11 carrying photographs of the US embassy in Tel Aviv. Mansouri, a Belgian-Iranian man, was indicted on Oct 6.
    (AFP, 9/30/13)(Reuters, 10/6/13)
2013        Sep 30, Israeli soldiers shot dead a Palestinian near the border fence between Israel and the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Italian authorities said at least 13 people on a migrant boat arriving in Sicily drowned close to the coast near the eastern city of Ragusa, apparently after trying to disembark from their stranded vessel.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Malian soldiers and ethnic Tuareg separatist rebels clashed again in the northern desert town of Kidal, a day after trading gunfire downtown in a battle that has raised fears about whether an unraveling peace accord could lead to protracted fighting in the region.
    (AP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Mexican officials said shootings in three cities with active drug gang turf battles left at least 9 people dead.
    (SFC, 10/1/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 30, Nigerian fighter jets bombed camps belonging to suspected Islamist militants in the northeast in response to a massacre of students at an agricultural college.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)
2013        Sep 30, In Pakistan a suspected American drone strike killed four alleged militants in the country's northwestern tribal areas.
    (AP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In South Africa some 2,000 striking miners from Anglo American Platinum rallied to protest planned job cuts at the world's top producer of the precious metal.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, A South African woman was killed and another injured on after police fired into a crowd of protesters who had attacked a police vehicle in Durban.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, A Spanish man (39) confessed to killing his younger brother with a hammer, cutting up the body and putting the remains in the freezer after a tempestuous year of sharing the same home.
    (AFP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Sudan’s government said 700 people have been arrested during a week of the worst unrest in central Sudan in years, as protests continued against President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. The opposition later said at least 200 people were killed. Government figures said 87.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.52)(Econ, 2/1/14, p.41)
2013        Sep 30, Swedish flat-pack furniture giant IKEA started selling residential solar panels at its store in Southamptom, Britain, the first step in its plan to bring renewable energy to the mainstream market worldwide.
    (AP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Turkish PM Tayyip Erdogan announced long-anticipated reforms seen as designed to salvage a fragile peace process with Kurdish insurgents, including changes to the electoral system and increasing language rights.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that his government would lift a ban on wearing headscarves in public institutions as part of reforms to boost rights.
    (AFP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Tropical storm Wutip lashed central Vietnam after sinking at least two Chinese fishing boats near the Paracel Islands, leaving 75 fishermen missing.
    (AP, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, In southeast Yemen suspected al Qaeda militants disguised as security personnel seized an army base, killing at least 3 soldiers. Special forces were on their way to try to retake the base.
    (Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013        Sep 30, Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro announced the expulsion of the top US diplomat and two other embassy officials, accusing them of plotting acts of sabotage with the opposition.
    (AFP, 10/1/13)(SFC, 10/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep, French investigating judges began bugging the telephone of former Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy. This was only revealed on March 7, 2014.
    (Econ, 3/15/14, p.51)
2013        Sep, In Jamaica Police Superintendent Steve McGreggor took over leadership of the tough West Kingston police division. He said that culture is changing and vowed to erase every painted image paying respect to gangsters.
    (AP, 10/17/13)
2013        Sep, In Malawi a corruption scandal came open as sacks of cash were found in the cars of civil servants and in their newly built homes.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.44)

2014        Sep 30, US Pres. Obama and India's new PM Narendra Modi said that "it is time to set a new agenda" between their countries, addressing concerns that the world's two largest democracies have grown apart.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, Officials said the US will pay Brazilian cotton producers $300 million to settle a decade-old dispute over cotton subsidies, the first concrete step to repair ties hurt by an espionage scandal.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, US ambassador John Tefft expressed regret that the Russian authorities have suspended the FLEX (Future Leaders Exchange) program that saw over 8,000 Russians study in US high schools over the past two decades. Russia pulled the plug after a Russian teenage boy befriended a gay couple and sought asylum in the US on the grounds that he faced persecution at home.
    (AP, 10/1/14)(SSFC, 10/5/14, p.A11)
2014        Sep 30, In Arkansas Arron Michael Lewis, accused of killing a real estate agent, pleaded not guilty hours after the woman’s body was discovered in a shallow grave.
    (SFC, 10/1/14, p.A10)
2014        Sep 30, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed dozens of bills including the nation’s first ban on single-use plastic bags.
    (SFC, 10/1/14, p.A1)
2014        Sep 30, In southern California Daniel Crespo (45), the mayor of Bell Gardens, was shot and killed by his wife, Levette Crespo (43), following an argument. Following the shooting Crespo’s daughter said her father had been abusive to her mother over the last 20 years.
    (SFC, 10/1/14, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/21/14, p.A12)
2014        Sep 30, Martin Perl (b.1927), Stanford physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1995) in physics, died at Stanford Hospital. His work helped discover the subatomic particle known as the tau lepton.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D3)
2014        Sep 30, The first case of the deadly Ebola virus was diagnosed in the United States after Thomas Eric Duncan, who flew from Liberia to Texas, tested positive for the disease. Duncan died on Oct 8.
    (Reuters, 10/1/14)(Econ, 10/11/14, p.34)
2014        Sep 30, Officials from Afghanistan and the United States signed a long-delayed security agreement to allow American troops to stay in the country after the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, Albania said the World Bank is lending it $150 million (€118 million) to help overhaul its dysfunctional state-run power sector and pay for electricity imports from other Balkan states.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, President Xi Jinping and other Chinese leaders solemnly presented flower baskets at the People's Heroes Monument in central Beijing to mark Martyr's Day, one of three new holidays created this year in a renewed focus on World War II.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, It was reported that China's government has kicked off a media campaign in support of genetically modified crops, as it battles a wave of negative publicity over a technology it hopes will play a major role in boosting its food security.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, The Chinese-registered cargo ship Lurongyu 2859 sank in the Sea of Japan. Five crew members were rescued. Nine people were believed missing.
    (AP, 10/1/14)
2014        Sep 30, The European Commission announced a new set of measures, worth up to 165 million euros, to help fruit and vegetable producers hit by a Russian ban on agricultural imports.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, German investigators asked for help in tracking down two Pakistani men suspected of defrauding Germany of 136 million euros ($173 million) in connection with carbon dioxide emissions trading. Mobeen Iqbal (32) and Ashraf Muhammad (35) were wanted on international warrants for tax fraud for allegedly running the scheme between August 2009 and April 2010.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Germany pilots on Lufthansa's long-haul fleet started a 15-hour walkout at the airline's main Frankfurt hub in a festering contract dispute.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, Pro-democracy protesters demanded that Hong Kong's top leader meet with them, threatening wider actions if he did not, after he said that China would not budge in its decision to limit voting reforms in the Asian financial hub.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Iraq a wave of bombings targeted commercial areas killing at least 19 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Libya Islamist-allied militias in control of Tripoli rejected the United Nations' call for a cease-fire in the battered nation, insisting instead that their rivals be disarmed.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, Nepal's powerful parliamentary committee accused Ganesh Thapa, the long-time chief of the national football association, of embezzling millions and ordered government agencies to investigate, file a case in court, and suspend him.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, The Philippine government seized 15 paintings from the former home of late dictator Ferdinand Marcos as it tries to recover 156 artworks — including ones by Van Gogh, Monet and Michelangelo — accumulated from his alleged ill-gotten wealth.
    (AP, 10/1/14)
2014        Sep 30, Mediators said South Sudan's warring factions have agreed on the installation of a federal system of government, saying progress was being made in talks aimed at finding a political solution to violence in the world's newest country.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Spain the regional government of Catalonia said it will heed a decision by Spain's top court suspending its plans to hold an independence referendum but vows to continue efforts to hold a vote.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Sri Lanka Ashin Wirathu, a Myanmar Buddhist monk, and a Sri Lankan ultranationalist both known for campaigning against Muslims formally signed an agreement to work together to protect Buddhism, which they say is challenged worldwide.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, The Swiss-based WWF issued a report saying about 3,000 species of wildlife around the world have seen their numbers plummet far worse than previously thought.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Syria US-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against Kobani near the Syrian-Turkish border in an attempt to halt the militants' advance. Islamic State militants captured the deserted Kurdish village of Siftek and appeared to be using it as a headquarters from which to launch attacks on Kobani itself. 5 anti-Islamic State Kurdish fighters, including 3 women, and 4 Syrian Arab rebels were detained and beheaded 14 km west of Kobani.
    (AP, 9/30/14)(Reuters, 10/1/14)
2014        Sep 30, Ukrainian state prosecutors said they have opened a criminal investigation against a Russian law enforcement agency, accusing it of supporting separatist and "terrorist" groups in the east of the country.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)

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