Return to home331BCE Oct 1, Alexander the Great
decisively shattered King Darius III's Persian army at Gaugamela
(Arbela), in a tactical masterstroke that left him master of the
290CE Oct 1, [Christian]
Bacchus, Roman soldier and martyred saint, was killed.
0976 Oct 1, Al-Hakam II, the
caliph of Cordoba, died.
1207 Oct 1, Henry III, king of
England (1216-72), was born.
1273 Oct 1, Rudolf of Hapsburg
was elected emperor in Germany.
1507 Oct 1, Italian architect
Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola was born.
1529 Oct 1-3, Martin Luther met
with Huldrych Zwingli.
1549 Oct 1, Anna of H
Bartolomaeus was born. She was a Flemish prioress and founded a
1574 Oct 1-2 A storm broke a
Leiden dike and 20,000 Spanish soldiers drowned. Spanish forces in
the Netherlands besieged Leyden, but William the Silent (Willem of
Orange) breached the dykes to flood the land. This allowed his ships
to sail up to the walls and lift the siege.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(PCh, 1992, p.198)(MC,
1608 Oct 1, Some 200 new
settlers arrived at the Jamestown colony, including Dutch and Polish
glass-makers, artisans and the first European women in the colony.
1644 Oct 1, Jean Rousseau,
composer, was born.
1644 Oct 1, Alessandro
Stradella, Italian violinist and composer, was born.
1653 Oct 1, Russian parliament
accepted annexation of Ukraine.
1661 Oct 1, A yacht race from
Greenwich to Gravesend between King Charles and James, Duke of York,
made the sport fashionable.
1684 Oct 1, Pierre Corneille,
French lawyer and dramatist (El Cid, Polyeucte), died at 42.
1688 Oct 1, Seven British
noblemen sent a letter to Prince William of Orange inviting him to
invade England and rescue the country from James popery. William
(Econ, 2/4/06, p.77)(ON, 7/06, p.10)
1708 Oct 1, John Blow, composer
(Venus & Adonis), died at 59.
1746 Oct 1, Bonnie Prince
Charlie fled to France. [see Sep 20]
1768 Oct 1, English troops
under general Gage landed in Boston.
1781 Oct 1, James Lawrence,
naval hero (War of 1812-"Don't give up the ship!"), was born.
1791 Oct 1, In Paris, the
National Legislative Assembly held its first meeting.
1800 Oct. 1, Spain ceded
Louisiana to France in a secret treaty.
1833 Oct 1, Charles Darwin
reached Rio Tercero, Argentina.
1837 Oct 1, Robert Gould
Shaw was born to a prominent abolitionist family. He became
commander of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, the first unit of
black soldiers in the Civil War. He was later asked by the governor
of Massachusetts to organize the first regiment of black troops in a
Northern state. Shaw recruited free blacks from all over New
England. On May 13, 1863, the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was
mustered into service in the Union Army with Shaw as its commanding
officer. After leading the regiment in a handful of smaller actions,
Shaw and the 54th joined two brigades of white troops in an assault
on Confederates holding Battery Wagner on the South Carolina coast.
Although the action was unsuccessful and Shaw himself died leading
the charge, the courage of black troops under fire was proven beyond
any doubt. This Kurz and Allison print honors Shaw and the 54th
Massachusetts at Fort Wagner.
(HNPD, 10/1/98)(HN, 10/1/98)
1837 Oct 1, A treaty was made
with the Winnebago Indians.
1838 Oct 1, Lord Auckland,
British governor general in India, issued the Simla Manifesto,
setting forth the necessary reasons for British intervention in
Afghanistan. This led to the 1st Anglo-Afghan War.
1839 Oct 1, The British
government decided to send a punitive naval expedition to China.
1847 Oct 1, Maria Mitchell
(29), American astronomer living on Nantucket Island, discovered a
new comet that was named after herself. In 1848 she was elected to
the American Academy of Arts, the first woman to be so honored.
Frederick VI, the King of Denmark awarded her a gold medal for her
(HN, 10/1/98)(ON, 2/07, p.9)
1853 Oct 1, Robert Schuyler,
the president and general transfer agent of the New York & New
Haven Railroad Company, began issuing, shares of stock beyond the
capital limited by its charter.
1856 Oct 1, The first
installment of Gustav Flauberts novel Madame Bovary (Emma Bovary)
appeared in the Revue de Paris after the publisher refused to print
a passage in which the character Emma has a tryst in the back seat
of a carriage. It was later considered as the first novel of a
liberated woman in modern literature. In 1998 Dacia Maraini
published "Searching for Emma." A TV version for Masterpiece Theater
was shown in 2000.
(HN, 10/1/00)(SFEC, 6/28/98, Par p.18)(WSJ,
1863 Oct 1, 5 Russian warships
were welcomed in NYC.
1864 Oct 1, The Condor, a
British blockade-runner, was grounded near Fort Fisher, North
1865 Oct 1, Paul Abraham Dukas,
composer (Sorcerer's Apprentice), was born in Paris, France.
1868 Oct 1, Rama IV, [Phra
Chomklao Chaoyuhua], died at 63. He served as king of Thailand from
1869 Oct 1, Austria issued the
world's first postal card. The first postal card was suggested by
Dr. Emanuel Herrmann and was accepted by the Hungarian government in
the same year. The first regularly printed card appeared in 1870, a
historical card, produced in connection with the Franco-German War.
The first advertising card appeared in 1872 in Great Britain. The
first German card appeared in 1874. Cards showing the Eiffel Tower
in 1889 & 1890 gave impetus to the postcard heyday a decade
later. A Heligoland card of 1889 is considered the first
multi-colored card ever printed.
1878 Oct 1, General Lew Wallace
was sworn in as governor of New Mexico Territory. He went on to deal
with the Lincoln County War, Billy the Kid and wrote Ben-Hur.
1880 Oct 1, John Philip Sousa
became the new director of US Marine Corps Band. [see Oct 1, 1892]
1885 Oct. 1, Special delivery
mail service began in the United States.
1888 Oct 1, National Geographic
magazine published for 1st time. The National Geographic Society was
founded by Gardiner Hubbard, the father-in-law of Alexander Graham
Bell. In 1997 Charles McCarry edited: From the Field: A Collection
of Writing from National Geographic.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p. 657)(SFEC, 9/14/97,
p.T13)(SFEC, 7/18/99, Z1 p.8)(MC, 10/1/01)
1890 Oct 1, Congress created
the Weather Bureau.
1890 Oct. 1, Congress passed
the McKinley Tariff Act, which raised tariffs to a record level.
1890 Oct 1, Yosemite National
Park, created by Congress, was dedicated in California.
(SFEC, 5/18/97, Z1 p.4)(HN, 10/1/98)
1892 Oct 1, John Philip Sousa
started his 12-year tour as director of the US Marine Band. He
premiered many of his marches and produced the first commercial
phonograph recordings. [see Oct 1, 1880]
(SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-3)
1892 Oct 1, The University of
1893 Oct 1, In the 3rd worst
hurricane in US history 1,800 people were killed in
1895 Oct 1, Romanians in
Constantinople were massacred.
1896 Oct. 1, The U.S. Post
Office established Rural Free Delivery, with the first routes in
1898 Oct 1, Jews were expelled
from Kiev, Russia.
1900 Oct 1, Oldham, England,
announced that Winston Churchill had won the election as the town's
second MP, beginning Churchill's long career in the House of
1903 Oct 1, The Pittsburgh
Pirates defeated the home team Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox), 7-3, in
the first World Series game. Boston, however, went on to win the
series, five games to three.
1904 Oct 1, Vladimir Horowitz,
Russian-born American virtuoso pianist, was born in Kiev, Ukraine.
(HN, 10/1/98)(MC, 10/1/01)
1906 Oct 1, In Finland the
Parliament Act came into force. It replaced the old Diet dating back
to the 17th century with a 200-seat unicameral Parliament and
introduced universal suffrage.
1907 Oct 1, The Plaza Hotel
opened in NYC at 5th Av and 59th Str.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)(AP, 10/1/07)
1908 Oct 1, The Ford Model T,
the first car for millions of Americans, hit the market. Each car
cost $825. Over 15 million Model Ts were eventually sold, all of
them black. The Model T automobile cost $850 when it was first
introduced to the public. Ford lowered the price of
automobilespreviously regarded as a toy of the richby maintaining
control of raw materials and using new mass production techniques.
The price of this two-seater, affectionately known as the tin
Lizzy, fluctuated over the years, dipping below $300 in 1924.
Electric lights and an optional electric starter were among the few
improvements over the years. The model was discontinued in 1927
after more 15,000,000 had been produced.
(CFA, 96, p.56)(AP, 10/1/97)(HN, 10/1/98)(HNQ,
1910 Oct 1, Mass. 1st state
fair was the Berkshire Cattle Fair in Pittsfield.
1910 Oct 1, Trade unionists,
aggrieved by the anti-union stance of the Los Angeles Times, bombed
the Times building at 1st and Broadway killing 21 nonunion pressman
and linotype operators. A new Los Angeles Times building was
completed in 1935. In 2008 Howard Blum authored American Lightning:
Terror, Mystery, The Birth of Hollywood, and the Crime of the
9/16/08, p.A23)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.35)
1910 Oct 1, At midnight a
strict anti-gambling law became effective in Nevada. It even forbid
the western custom of flipping a coin for the price of a drink.
Illegal but accepted gambling flourished until 1931 when the Nevada
Legislature approved a legalized gambling bill authored by Phil
Tobin, a Northern Nevada rancher.
(SFEC, 5/10/98, DB
1914 Oct 1, Daniel Joseph
Boorstin, author (Empire of Czar), was born. He won a Pulitzer Prize
in 1974 .
1918 Oct 1, Damascus (Syria)
fell to Arab forces as Turkish Ottoman officials surrendered the
(ON, 10/05, p.9)(AP, 10/1/08)
1919 Oct 1, In baseballs World
Series the Chicago White Sox faced the Cincinnati Reds in a best of
9 games. The White Sox intentionally threw the series to satisfy
gamblers in what became known as the Black Sox Scandal. 8 players
were banned from baseball for life. In 1963 Eliot Asinof described
the events in his book Eight men Out. The 1988 baseball film
"Eight Men Out" was directed by John Sayles.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.8)(SFC, 7/14/96, DB
p.33)(AH, 10/04, p.14)
1919 Oct 1, Black sharecroppers
gathered at Elaine, Arkansas, to secure a more equitable price for
their products. When a white deputy sheriff and a railroad
detective, arrived at the church, a fight broke out between them and
the guards in which the railroad detective was killed and the deputy
sheriff was wounded. This led to 3 days of fighting and the killing
of 5 white men and close to 200 black men, women and children. The
Arkansas state court later sentenced 12 sharecroppers to death and a
5-year legal battle ensued. In 2008 Robert Whitaker authored On
the Laps of Gods: The Red Summer of 1919 and the Struggle for
Justice That Remade a Nation.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elaine_Race_Riot)(SSFC, 7/27/08, Books
1924 Oct 1, Jimmy Carter (James
Earl), 39th president of the U.S. (1977-1981), was born in Plains,
(SFEC, 1/12/97, Z3 p.3)(HN, 10/1/98)(MC,
1924 Oct 1, William Rehnquist
was born in Milwaukee. He served as Supreme Court Justice (1972-86)
and US Chief Justice (1987- ).
(USAT, 1/7/99, p.2A)(MC, 10/1/01)
1924 Oct 1, Paavo Nurmi ran a
world record 4 mile (19:15.4) and 5 miles (24:06.2).
1927 Oct 1, Tom Bosley, actor
(Howard-Happy Days, Murder She Wrote), was born in Chicago.
1928 Oct 1, Zhu Rongji, named
Premier of China in 1998, was born.
(SFC, 3/18/98, p.A12)
1929 Oct 1, In NYC demolition
began of the Waldorf-Astoria to make way for the new Empire State
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1930 Oct 1, Philippe Noiret,
actor (Soleil, Les Milles, Il Postino), was born in Lille, France.
1931 Oct 1, Spain established
general female suffrage.
1932 Oct 1, Albert Collins,
guitarist, was born.
1932 Oct 1, Oswald Mosley
formed the British Union of Fascists.
1934 Oct 1, Adolph Hitler
expanded the German army and navy and created an air force,
violating Treaty of Versailles.
1935 Oct 1, Julie Andrews
(Julia Elizabeth Wells), actress and singer, was born. Her films
include Mary Poppins and The Sound of Music.
1936 Oct. 1, General Francisco
Franco was proclaimed the head of an insurgent Spanish state.
1937 Oct 1, Pullman Co.
formally recognized Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. [see Aug
1938 Oct 1, Germany annexed
Sudetenland (1/3 of Czech Republic).
1939 Oct 1, Churchill called
the Soviets a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma."
1940 Oct 1, The first section
of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, 160 miles in length, was opened to the
1942 Oct 1, Bell P-59 Airacomet
fighter, 1st US jet, made its maiden flight.
1942 Oct 1, Little Golden Books
(children books) began publishing.
1942 Oct 1, At Frobisher Bay,
Baffin Island, Canada, the US Air Force Crystal II Radar Base was
established as part of the defensive DEW Line Project. The air base
was closed in 1963. The site was renamed Iqaluit in 1987 and in 1999
became the capital city of the Inuit-run territory of Nunavut.
1942 Oct 1, The German Army
ground to a complete halt within the city of Stalingrad.
1943 Oct 1, Allied forces
captured Naples during World War II. British troops in Italy entered
Naples and occupied Foggia airfield.
(HFA, '96, p.38)(AP, 10/1/97)(HN, 10/1/98)
1943 Oct 1, Germans attacked
Jews in Denmark.
1944 Oct 1, The U.S. First Army
began the siege Aachen, Germany.
1945 Oct 1, The US Army Air
Corps founded the RAND Corporation less than 2 months after bombs
were dropped on Japan. Gen. Arnold and others met at Hamilton Field,
California, to set up Project RAND under special contract to the
Douglas Aircraft Company. In 2008 Alex Abella authored Soldiers of
Reason: The RAND corporation and the rise of the American empire.
(SSFC, 6/8/08, Books
1946 Oct 1, Tim OBrien,
novelist, was born. His work included The Things They Carried and
In the Lake of the Woods.
1946 Oct 1, Twelve Nazi war
criminals were sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials-- Karl
Donitz, Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick,
Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz
Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred
Rosenberg. Karl Donitz was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
1946 Oct 1, The diary of Hitler
confidant Alfred Rosenberg, once held by Nuremberg prosecutors as
evidence, vanished after the trial. Nuremberg prosecutor Robert
Kempner (d.1993) was long suspected by US officials of smuggling the
diary back to the United States. In 2013 The US government recovered
400 pages from the long-lost diary.
1948 Oct 1, The California
Supreme Court in Perez v. Sharp voided a state statue banning
1949 Oct 1, Communist Party
Chairman Mao Tse-tung (Zedong) raised the first flag of the People's
Republic of China during a ceremony in Beijing (National Day).
As the Communists came to power there were over 400 ethnic groups in
China. By 2009 the official number of ethnic groups was reduced to
(AP, 10/1/97)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.45)
1949 Oct 1, Republic of China
(Taiwan) was formed on island of Formosa. The Nationalists under
Chiang Kai-shek had been defeated and fled to Taiwan and took
control. Chiang Kai-shek established the temporary government of
the Republic of China in Taipei and established martial law.
(SFC, 6/9/97, p.A8)(SFC, 6/10/97, p.A9)
1951 Oct 1, 1st treaty signed
by woman ambassador, Eugenie Anderson.
1951 Oct 1, The US 24th
Infantry Regiment, last all-black military unit, was deactivated.
1957 Oct 1, The motto "In God
We Trust" began appearing on US paper currency.
1957 Oct 1, B-52 bombers began
full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack.
1958 Oct 1, Americas National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was inaugurated [See Apr
2, Jul 29].
(SFC, 10/2/07, p.A6)
1958 Oct 1, American Express
launched its first credit card.
1958 Oct 1, Britain transferred
Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia.
1960 Oct 1, California Coast
Guardsmen boarded the Coho II at the entrance of SF Bay. The engine
was running and the fishing boat was on automatic pilot, but skipper
Ted Bean (45) was missing. Days earlier E.A. Davison, skipper of the
albacore boat Steelhead, had radioed in panic from the Monterey
fishing grounds saying The Coho Second me just shot me.
(SSFC, 9/26/10, DB p.50)
1960 Oct 1, Nigeria gained
independence from Britain (National Day).
(WSJ, 11/13/95, p.A-10)(WSJ, 10/14/95,
p.A-1)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)
1961 Oct 1, Pat Robertsons
Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) first aired.
1961 Oct. 1, Roger Maris of the
New York Yankees hit his 61st home run off of Tracy Stallard during
a 162-game season. It compared to Babe Ruth's 60 home runs during a
154-game season. The ball was caught by Sal Durante (19) who offered
it to Maris. Maris declined and Durante sold it for $5000 to a
restaurateur named Sam Gordon, who donated the ball to the Baseball
Hall of Fame.
(AP, 10/1/97)(WSJ, 9/4/98, p.B1)(MC, 10/1/01)
1961 Oct 1, A believed extinct
volcano erupted in Tristan da Cunha.
1962 Oct 1, Johnny Carson
succeeded Jack Paar as regular host of NBC's "Tonight" show. Carson
received an on-air introduction from Groucho Marx; the guests on his
debut program were Joan Crawford, Rudy Vallee, Tony Bennett,
Mel Brooks and The Phoenix Singers.
1962 Oct 1, Barbra Streisand
signed her 1st recording contract with Columbia.
1962 Oct 1, James Meredith
became 1st black at U of Mississippi. [see Sep 30]
1962 Oct 1, Ludwig Bemelmans
(1898), Austrian-born writer of childrens books, died in NYC. His
1st Madeline book was published in 1939.
1963 Oct 1, Mark McGwire was
born. He later became a baseball 1st baseman, AL rookie of year
1988, Oakland A's, Cards, 70 home run record.
1964 Oct 1, The Free Speech
Movement was launched at the University of California at Berkeley.
Mario Savio (1943-1996), UC Berkeley physics student, began the Free
Speech Movement to fight prohibitions against students distributing
political brochures and other materials such as civil rights. The
incident began when police arrested Jack Weinberg for setting up an
unauthorized table in Sproul Plaza. Students surrounded the police
car in a standoff that lasted 32 hours. In 1998 a Free Speech
Movement Cafe was planned. In 2002 Robert Cohen and Reginald E.
Zelnik edited The Free Speech Movement: Reflections on Berkeley in
(SFC, 11/6/96, p.B2)(AP, 10/1/97)(SFC, 4/30/98,
p.A18)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M5)
1964 Oct 1, Ernst Toch
(b.1887), Vienna-born composer, died in Los Angeles. He authored
The Shaping Forces in Music. His last stage work The Last Tale
(1962), was adapted from the well-known plot of One Thousand and One
Nights (Arabian Nights).
1964 Oct 1, Japans Shinkansen
Bullet Train began operation between Tokyo and Osaka.
1965 Oct 1, In Indonesia a
small force of junior military officers abducted and killed six
generals in the early morning hours and seized several key points in
the capital city of Jakarta. Gen. Suharto crushed the coup and soon
seized power from Pres. Sukarno.
1968 Oct 1, The cult horror
movie "Night of the Living Dead" had its world premiere in
1968 Oct 1, The US Senate
refused to shut down a filibuster against President Lyndon B.
Johnson's nomination of Abe Fortas to be US chief justice. Fortas
withdrew the next day.
1968 Oct 1, The US Congress
created the Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area in Wyoming.
1969 Oct 1, Guernsey &
Jersey begin issuing their own postage stamps.
1969 Oct 1, The prototype
Concorde 001, designed by the British and French, broke the sound
barrier during a test flight. Commercial service began in 1976.
(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.B1)(MC, 10/1/01)
1969 Oct 1, The Channel Islands
of Guernsey & Jersey begin issuing their own postage stamps.
1969 Oct 1, The prototype
Concorde 001, designed by the British and French, broke the sound
barrier during a test flight. Commercial service began in 1976.
1971 Oct 1, Walt Disney
Productions opened its Magic Kingdom in Orlando, Florida.
1971 Oct 1, As of this day
divorce in the Netherlands could only be granted on the ground of
the irretrievable breakdown of the marriage (Article 1:151 of the
Dutch Civil Code).
1972 Oct 1, Louis Leakey
(b.1903), Kenyan archeologist and naturalist, died in London. He was
flown home and interred at Limuru, Kenya, near the graves of his
1973 Oct 1, An East German
border order to border guards from the Ministry for State Security,
or Stasi, said: Do not hesitate with the use of a firearm,
including when the border breakouts involve women and children,
which the traitors have already frequently taken advantage of." The
order was made public in 2007.
1974 Oct 1, Five Nixon
aides--Kenneth Parkinson, Robert Mardian, Nixons Chief of Staff
H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and U.S. Attorney General John
Mitchell-- went on trial for conspiring to hinder the Watergate
1975 Oct 1, Muhammad Ali beat
Joe Frazier after 14 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title in
1979 Oct 1, The 1977 Panama
Canal Treaties entered into force. The US returned the Canal Zone,
but not the canal, to Panama after 75 years.
1979 Oct 1, Pope John Paul II
arrived in Boston for the start of a U.S. tour.
1979 Oct 1, Henry Ford II
stepped down as Fords chairman and CEA and was succeeded by Philip
1982 Oct 1, EPCOT Center opened
in Orlando, Florida.
1982 Oct 1, West Germany's
Parliament ousted Helmut Schmidt (SPD). Helmut Kohl, head of the
Christian Democratic Union, became Chancellor following the collapse
of the Social Democratic led coalition. Kohl served until 1998.
(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A6)(WSJ, 1/19/00, p.A18)(Econ,
1984 Oct 1, Gary Trudeau's
Doonesbury comic strip resumed after a 2-year hiatus.
1985 Oct 1, Israeli forces
staged an air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis and 68 people were
killed. Yasser Arafat narrowly escaped death.
(WSJ, 11/12/04, p.A11)
1985 Oct 1, E. B. White (Elwyn
Brooks White, b.1899), writer, author of Charlotte's Web and The
Elements of Style, died in Maine.
1986 Oct. 1, Former President
Jimmy Carter's presidential library and museum were dedicated in
Atlanta with help from President Reagan.
1987 Oct. 1, Eight people were
killed when an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale and an
aftershock measuring 5.3 struck the Los Angeles area.
1988 Oct 1, In a continuing
shake-up of the Soviet leadership, Mikhail Gorbachev was confirmed
as president, succeeding Andrei A. Gromyko.
1989 Oct 1, Gen. Colin Powell
was appointed Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the US Dept.
(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A14)
1989 Oct 1, The San Francisco
Health Department reported the first two documented cases in which
men became infected with the AIDS virus through oral sex.
1989 Oct 1, Thousands of East
Germans received a triumphal welcome in West Germany after the
communist government agreed to let them leave for the West.
1989 Oct 1, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, 11 homosexual couples were married. It was the first time
any country allowed such marriages.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B3)
1990 Oct 1, President Bush,
addressing the UN General Assembly, again condemned Iraqs takeover
of Kuwait, but also suggested an unconditional military withdrawal
could help speed an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
1990 Oct 1, Curtis E. LeMay
(83), Air Force General and VP candidate, died at March Air Force
1991 Oct 1, President Bush
strongly condemned the military coup in Haiti, suspending U.S.
economic and military aid and demanding the immediate return to
power of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
1992 Oct. 1, The U.S. Senate
voted 93-to-6 to approve the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
1992 Oct 1, Texas billionaire
Ross Perot jumped back into the presidential race.
1992 Oct 1, Petra Kelly
(b.1947), founder of the German Green Party, was shot dead in Bonn.
1993 Oct 1, The US federal tax
on gasoline was raised to 18.3 cents per gallon.
1993 Oct 1, In Petaluma, Ca.
12-year-old Polly Klaas was kidnapped from her bedroom while playing
with two girl friends by a knife-wielding intruder; her body was
found more than two months later. 60 days later Richard Allen Davis
was arrested for the kidnap and murder of Polly. He was later
convicted and sentenced to death.
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A-1)(AP, 10/1/98)
1993 Oct 1, The Church of
Scientology secured tax-exempt status for its main branch in a
settlement with the IRS in which it paid $12.5 million. The church
agreed to drop thousands of suits against the IRS. The details were
only made public in 1997.
(WSJ, 12/30/97, p.A1)
1994 Oct 1, National Hockey
League team owners began a 103-day lockout of their players.
1994 Oct 1, The United States
and Japan reached a series of trade agreements, averting a
threatened trade war.
1995 Oct 1, Sheik Omar
Abdel-Rahman, a blind Egyptian cleric accused of leading a "war of
urban terrorism" against US cities, was convicted with nine other
defendants of seditious conspiracy by a federal jury in New York.
(WSJ, 10/2/95, P.A-3)(AP, 10/1/00)
1995 Oct 1, France detonated
another nuclear device, 5 times more powerful than the last one, on
Fangatouga Atoll in the South Pacific.
(WSJ, 10/2/95, P.A-1)
1995 Oct 1, An earthquake in
southwestern Turkey killed about 90 people.
1996 Oct 1, A federal grand
jury indicted Unabomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski in 1994 mail bomb
slaying of an ad executive. He was later sentenced to 4 life terms
plus 30 years.
1996 Oct 1, The first phase of
a US minimum wage 50-cent increase to $4.75 took effect. Phase 2 to
$5.15 was scheduled for Sep 1, 1997.
(SFC, 10/1/96, p.A4)(AP, 10/1/97)
1996 Oct. 1, NASA began turning
over day-to-day shuttle operations to private industry.
1996 Oct 1, In Haiti it was
confirmed that a plot to undermine the government was squelched. The
Committee of Soldiers Demands, representing former soldiers, had
plotted to destabilize the government. More US trained
Haitian-American police officers and money from the IMF was expected
before the expiration of the current UN mandate.
(SFC, 10/2/96, p.A7)
1996 Oct. 1, Israeli Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat met
at the White House.
1997 Oct 1, The US Senate
approved a $3,100 cost-of-living congressional pay raise, the first
in 5 years, in a 55-45 vote. The inflation related adjustment was
instituted in 1993 but denied until this year.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A13)
1997 Oct 1, US FBI Director
Louis J. Freeh warned that Russian organized crime networks were
growing and that they posed a menace to US national security.
Russian crime syndicates were described to be forging ties with the
Italian Mafia and the Columbian drug cartels.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)
1997 Oct 1, Paula Jones
announced a new legal team from Texas to pursue her suit against
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)
1997 Oct 1, The Center for
Nonverbal Studies (CNS), a private, nonprofit research center
located in Spokane, Washington, began operations. The Center's
mission is to advance the study of human communication in all its
forms apart from language. The Center's goal is to promote the
scientific study of nonverbal communication, which includes body
movement, gesture, facial expression, adornment and fashion,
architecture, mass media, and consumer-product design.
1997 Oct 1, WorldCom Inc. bid
$30 million to take over MCI Communications.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 1, In Pearl,
Mississippi, Luke Woodham (16) stabbed his mother Mary (50) to death
and went to school and killed his former girlfriend and another
student and wounded 7 others. Later Grant Boyette (18) was
identified as the leader of the Kroth cult, a Satanist group
with a plan of destruction and killing. Woodham was found guilty in
1998 of killing 2 classmates and was sentenced to 2 life sentences
plus 20 years. He was also found guilty in the murder of his mother
in a separate trial and the sentence was raised to 3 life sentences
plus 140 years.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)(SFC, 10/15/97, p.A6)(SFC,
6/2/98, p.A3)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A3)(AP, 10/1/07)
1997 Oct 1, Asian currencies
dived in foreign exchange markets in part because of comments by
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir: I would like to suggest that we
do away with trade in currency as a commodity.
(WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A12)
1997 Oct 1, From Angola it was
reported that Unita was demobilizing its soldiers and getting the UN
to return them to Unita-held territory, where they could again be
(WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A16)
1997 Oct 2, In Azerbaijan a
helicopter with 20 passengers crashed near an offshore oil platform
and no survivors were found.
(SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)
1997 Oct 1, In Bosnia NATO
seized 4 key Bosnian Serb television transmitters.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 1, Congos Pres.
Kabila ordered troops into the Congo Republic after 2 days of cross
border shelling that killed as many as 31 in Kinshasa.
(WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 1, Israel under PM
Netanyahu freed Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61), the founder and spiritual
leader of Hamas. The ill Yassin was taken to Jordan and
hospitalized. As part of the deal an antidote for the chemical used
on last weeks Meshaal attack was demanded by Jordan and Israel
requested the release of the Meshaal attackers. This secured the
release of two Mossad agents arrested in Jordan following a botched
assassination attempt against Hamas political leader Khalid Mashaal.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(AP, 10/1/98)(Econ,
1997 Oct 1, In Serbia It was
reported that Albanian students in Kosovo planned to demonstrate in
the streets for equal access to the university on par with the Serb
students at Pristina. Some 20,000 students protested and were
attacked by Serb police. At least 30 students were injured. 500
students were attacked by Serbian police.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/2/97,
1997 Oct 1, In Belgrade,
Serbia, riot police attacked thousands of marchers who protested the
firing of mayor Djindjic and the removal of editors of the
independent TV station.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A12)
1997 Oct 1, In Sri Lanka a
government clash with Tamil Tigers left at least 70 combatants dead
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)
1997 Oct 1, The UN withdrew its
human rights investigators from Congo pending a clarification by the
Kabila government on its policy.
(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A12)
1998 Oct 1, The US Dept. of
Defense said that it would spend an estimated $50 million this year
to provide Viagra to soldiers, sailors, fliers, retirees and their
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A8)
1998 Oct 1, Gordon and Betty
Moore, announced a $35 million contribution to Conservation Intl.,
an environmental group for biodiversity. The funds would be used for
a new Washington DC Center for Applied Biodiversity Science. Moore
was a co-founder and former chairman of Intel Corp. He donated $12.5
million to Cambridge Univ. for the most advanced science and
technology library in Europe.
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.B6,D1)
1998 Oct 1, In Washington state
the Makah Indian gray whale hunting season opened. The tribe had
recently won the right to kill up to 5 whales a year over the next 4
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A6)
1998 Oct 1, CollaGenex
Pharmaceuticals announced FDA approval of Periostat, a pill to help
fight gum disease. The drug suppresses the enzyme responsible for
gum and tooth breakdown during inflammation.
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A2)
1998 Oct 1, The IMF and the
World Bank were negotiating an emergency loan package for Brazil of
some $30 billion. Since the collapse of the ruble, edgy investors
have taken $30 billion out of Brazil. The government in the mean
time pushed up the interest rate to 40%.
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 10/2/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 1, Guatemala sold 95%
of its phone monopoly for $700 million to Luca, a consortium of
Guatemalan and Central American financial institutions.
(WSJ, 10/2/98, p.A10)
1998 Oct 1, In central Mexico a
flooded irrigation canal killed 12 people when it washed away tin
and cardboard homes along its banks.
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)
1998 Oct 1, The UN sent a new
warning to Pres. Milosevic of Serbia over the atrocities in Kosovo.
Seeking to head off threatened NATO attacks, Yugoslavia's Serb
leadership invited foreign experts to investigate massacres in
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/1/99)
1999 Oct 1, South Korean
activists thanked the US government for promising to investigate an
Associated Press report that US forces allegedly killed several
hundred refugees at the start of the Korean War. But the protesters
also demanded the US punish some of the veterans involved and
compensate the victims relatives.
1999 Oct 1, In Thailand the
Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors took 38 diplomats as hostages at
the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok. Two Thai officials were exchanged
for the hostages and 12  students were reported to have flown to
the Thai-Burma border by helicopter, where they were released. The
students demanded the release of political prisoners, dialogue
between the military and Aung San Suu Kyi and an elected parliament.
(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A25)
1999 Oct 1, In China the
celebration for the 50th anniversary of Communism included 50
approved slogans for the masses to chant and 61 approved songs to
sing. Central TV had already aired a 16-part documentary on the past
(WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A18)
1999 Oct 1, In Indonesia the
new national Assembly met for the first time in the post-Suharto
period. The assembly elected Amien Rais as speaker and chose Oct 20
as the date to select the next president.
(WSJ, 10/1/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 1, Israel planned to
implement the Wye River accord and pull troops from the West Bank.
(WSJ, 8/2/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 1, Joao da Silva
Tavares, a militia leader in West Timor, said he planned to lead
12,000 fighters back to 6 western districts of East Timor.
(SFC, 10/2/99, p.C1)
1999 Oct 1, In Pakistan gunmen
attacked Shiites in Karachi and killed 9 people in a mosque. A
retaliatory attack on a Sunni Muslim school left 4 dead. Another 5
people were killed in eastern Punjab.
(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A13)
1999 Oct 1, In Russia Prime
Minister Putin cut ties with the elected government of Chechnya.
(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)
2000 Oct 1, Stanley Kunitz (95)
succeeded Robert Pinsky as the USD poet laureate.
(SFEC, 10/22/00, BR p.2)
2000 Oct 1, On the last day of
the 27th Olympics in Sydney, the U.S. men's basketball team beat
France for the gold medal. The United States led the way in the
final medal tally, collecting 97 (39 gold, 25 silver and 33 bronze);
Russia was second with 88 (32, 28 and 28), China third with 59 (28,
16, 15) and host Australia was fourth, with 58.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/2/00, p.A1)(AP,
2000 Oct 1, Robert Allen,
composer, died at age 73. His songs included Chances Are, Moments
to Remember, and Home for the Holidays.
(SFC, 10/6/00, p.D5)
2000 Oct 1, Pope John Paul II
on Chinas national day, canonized as martyrs 87 Chinese believers
and 33 European missionaries killed between 1648 and 1930. He also
canonized Mother Katherine Drexel (d.1955), a Philadelphia heiress,
who became a nun.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A12)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.78)
2000 Oct 1, In Brazil some 110
million voted in municipal elections with advances by the
Workers Party. A tilt to the left was seen as a response to
(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A23)
2000 Oct 1, In China Falun Dafa
staged one of the biggest Tiananmen Square protests since it was
banned 14 months earlier.
(WSJ, 10/2/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 1, In India officials
in West Bengal state said 997 people had died due to flooding over
the past 3 weeks. 45 people were reported killed in Bangladesh.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A14)
2000 Oct 1, Israeli forces
fought Palestinian rioters for a 3rd day and at least 12
Palestinians were killed. The fighting spread from the West Bank and
Gaza to towns and cities inside Israel.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A1)
2001 Oct 1, New York City Mayor
Rudolph Giuliani, in an impassioned speech to the United Nations,
said there was no room for "neutrality" in the global fight against
terrorism and no need for more studies or vague directives.
2001 Oct 1, The Supreme Court
suspended former President Clinton from practicing before the high
2001 Oct 1, The US reported
that some $6 million and 50 bank accounts were blocked as suspected
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)
2001 Oct 1-2, The US gave Nato
clear and compelling evidence that Osama bin Laden orchestrated
the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D7)
2001 Oct 1, Zayd Hassan Abd
al-Latif Masud Al Safarini, jailed in Pakistan for 15 years, arrived
in Alaska and was expected to face a 1991 indictment for the 1986
hijacking of a Pan Am jet in which 22 people were killed.
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)
2001 Oct 1, In Minnesota some
28,000 state workers went on strike over wage disputes.
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A9)
2001 Oct 1, Conde Nast said it
would its Mademoiselle (b.1935) fashion magazine would be published
for the last time in November.
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.C1)
2001 Oct 1, Calvin C. Hernton,
black scholar, critic and poet, died at age 69. His books included
Sex and Racism in America, White Papers for White Americans, and
The Sexual Mountain and Black Women Writers.
(SFC, 10/15/01, p.E4)
2001 Oct 1, The opposition
Northern Alliance of Afghanistan met in Rome with ex-king Zahir Shah
and agreed to form a broad-based government open to cooperation with
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 1, Elections in
Bangladesh for 299 seats in parliament were held pitting Sheikh
Hasinas allies against those of longtime foe Khaleda Zia. Zias
coalition appeared to be headed for a landslide win. Over 150 people
were killed in the weeks prior to the elections. A coalition led by
the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) came to power.
(SFC, 10/3/01, p.C12)(WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)(Econ,
2001 Oct 1, Indonesias Supreme
Court threw out its corruption conviction of Hutomo Mandala Putra,
i.e. Tommy Suharto.
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A10)
2001 Oct 1, In Srinagar,
capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck
at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP,
2001 Oct 1, In the Philippines
the trial of former Pres. Estrada had a brief start and was
postponed to Oct 17. Estrada showed up against his will, without his
legal team and clad in slippers.
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A10)
2001 Oct 1, Russia claimed to
have killed Abu Yakub, a top aide to an Arab commander allied with
rebels in Chechnya.
(WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 1, In Spain suspected
Basque militants exploded a car bomb in Vitoria that caused much
damage to the city center.
(WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)
2002 Oct 1, The West Coast
dockworker lockout continued.
(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 1, The DJIA rose 346
to 7,938. Nasdaq rose 41 to 1,213.
(SFC, 10/2/02, p.B1)
2002 Oct 1, New Jersey
Democrats chose former Senator Frank Lautenberg to be on the
November ballot in place of scandal-tainted Senator Robert
2002 Oct 1, Walter H. Annenberg
(94), media tycoon, philanthropist and former ambassador, died in
Wynnewood, Pa. Biographies included "Legacy: A Biography of Moses
and Walter Annenberg" by Christopher Ogden and "The Annenbergs" by
(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A2)
2002 Oct 1, The French
bolstered their forces in Ivory Coast, flying in reinforcements and
establishing a tactical command post for military action in its
embattled former colony.
2002 Oct 1, German police found
the body of Jakob von Metzler, 11-year-old heir to a Frankfurt
family banking fortune, bundled under a lakeside dock, days after
the boy was kidnapped and a nearly million-dollar ransom was paid.
In 2003 Magnus Gaefgen (28) told the Frankfurt state court that he
had not intended the Sept. 27 kidnapping to end in death. He was
convicted of kidnapping and murdering Metzler and sentenced to life
in prison. In 2011 Gaefgen was awarded euro3,000 ($4,290) in damages
because a police officer had threatened violence during an
(AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 4/11/03)(AP, 8/4/11)
2002 Oct 1, Two Indian naval
reconnaissance planes taking part in a ceremonial flypast collided
in mid-air over the western state of Goa, killing 15 people.
(Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A10)
2002 Oct 1, In Indian Kashmir
gunmen killed 9 people on a bus and attacked several polling
stations as voters shunned the third round of elections in the
troubled state's separatist heartland. 6 paramilitary troopers were
killed when their vehicle exploded south of Srinagar.
(Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A12)
2002 Oct 1, Allied aircraft
launched an airstrike in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after
Iraqi aircraft penetrated the restricted area. Iraq agreed to a plan
for the return of UN weapons inspectors for the first time in nearly
four years, but ignored US demands for access to Saddam Hussein's
palaces and other contested sites. Iraq said it expected an advance
party in Baghdad in two weeks.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/2/02)
2002 Oct 1, Rwanda began
pulling out 6,000 troops from a Congo border province, the latest
stage in a withdrawal of all its forces that it hopes to complete by
2002 Oct 1, In South Africa
tens of thousands of workers blew whistles and sang protest songs as
they marched in a nationwide strike protesting the government's
2003 Oct 1, The United States
took over the month-long presidency of the U.N. Security Council at
a time when it was campaigning for approval of a new resolution
aimed at getting more countries to contribute troops and money to
2003 Oct 1, Conservative
commentator Rush Limbaugh resigned from ESPN, three days after
saying Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Donovan McNabb is overrated
because the media wanted to see a black quarterback succeed.
2003 Oct 1, US officials
identified Abu Hazim al-Sha'ir (29), a Yemeni ex-bodyguard of Osama
bin Laden, as al Qaeda's new terror chief.
(WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 1, A federal judge in
Texas ruled that former Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay and Northern
Trust Corp., can be sued for allegedly failing to protect the Enron
employee pension plan.
(WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 1, California state
car license fees increased $150 from $73 to $223.
(SFC, 9/29/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 1, Thousands of postal
workers in London began a 24-hour strike that was expected to cause
huge disruption to mail deliveries.
2003 Oct 1, Burkina Faso
arrested 12 people in connection with an alleged coup plot.
2003 Oct 1, In southern
Chechnya gunmen opened fire on a car carrying the mayor of a town,
killing the local leader and his son, who was a police officer.
2003 Oct 1, In China new rules
took effect that eliminate a requirement for couples to get the
permission of their employers before they tie the knot.
2003 Oct 1, Prime Minister
Bertie Ahern said Ireland will ban smoking from all workplaces,
including pubs, in January despite rising opposition from lawmakers
and business owners.
2003 Oct 1, In Liberia West
African forces traded their camouflage helmets Wednesday for the
blue ones of the UN. Hours later clashes flared between rebels and
loyalist forces in Monrovia, leaving three civilians dead.
2003 Oct 1, In Rwanda the
ruling party of President Paul Kagame won nearly three-fourths of
the vote the multiparty legislative elections since independence
from Belgium in 1962.
2003 Oct 1, Solomon
Islands Foreign Minister Laurie Chan said an Australian-led force
has broken the reign of gangsters and warlords terrorizing the
Islands, paving the way for the small South Pacific nation to start
2003 Oct 1, In southwestern
Zimbabwe a bus overturned and crashed after a tire burst, killing 16
people and injuring at least 28 in the second serious bus crash in
Zimbabwe in 24 hours.
2004 Oct 1, G7 ministers met in
Washington DC. Chinese officials were invited to attend for the 1st
(Econ, 10/2/04, p.11)
2004 Oct 1, The U.S. Postal
Service canceled a brief experiment that allowed ordinary people to
make postage stamps using images of their dogs, babies and even, it
turned out, outlaws such as the Unabomber.
2004 Oct 1, The Utah state
medical examiner's office used dental records to identify Lori
Hacking's remains about six hours after they were discovered in a
(AP, 10/2/04)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A2)
2004 Oct 1, Mount St. Helens
quieted down after spewing a plume of steam and ash, but only
briefly. Within hours of the eruption, seismic readings suggested
pressure was building again inside the volcano, which had been
dormant for 18 years.
2004 Oct 1, Richard Avedon
(81), US fashion photographer, died in San Antonio, Tx.
(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A1)(Econ, 10/9/04, p.81)
2004 Oct 1, Australias PM John
Howard promised new legislation if it was needed to fight child
pornography following more than 200 arrests in a major country-wide
crackdown on Internet pornography.
2004 Oct 1, British PM Tony
Blair reportedly underwent a procedure to correct an irregular
2004 Oct 1, US aid to Egypt for
fiscal 2005 began. The budget request of $535 million was down $40
million from 2004.
(WSJ, 7/14/04, p.A13)
2004 Oct 1, India's Border
Security Force (BSF) asked Bangladeshi authorities to hand over 126
Indian insurgents, including top leaders of guerrilla groups it says
are based in the neighboring country.
2004 Oct 1, A violent Maoist
rebel group proposed a seven-point peace agreement to the government
of a southern Indian state at their first-ever talks to end an
insurgency in which thousands of people have been killed.
2004 Oct 1, U.S. and Iraqi
forces launched a major assault to regain control of the insurgent
stronghold of Samarra, trading gunfire with rebel fighters as they
pushed toward the city center. The US said over 100 insurgents were
(AP, 10/1/04)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 1, In Iraq hospital
officials said at least seven civilians were killed and 13 wounded
during a US bombing attack in Falluja.
2004 Oct 1, Israel's security
Cabinet approved a large-scale military operation, dubbed "Days of
Penitence," to stop Palestinian rocket fire. Two Palestinians were
killed and three wounded when an Israeli tank fired a shell in the
Jebaliya refugee camp. 8 Palestinians were killed in the northern
(AP, 10/1/04)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A9)
2004 Oct 1, In Lebanon a car
bomb exploded in central Beirut, wounding a former Lebanese Cabinet
minister in an assassination attempt. The explosion killed the
politician's driver and seriously wounded his bodyguard.
2004 Oct 1, In eastern Pakistan
a suicide attacker detonated a huge bomb inside a crowded Shiite
Muslim mosque during prayers, killing at least 23 people and
wounding dozens more.
(AP, 10/1/04)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A9)
2004 Oct 1, Spain's Socialist
government approved a controversial law that would give gay and
lesbian couples the same right to marry, divorce and adopt children
2004 Oct 1, The United Nations
launched a massive voluntary repatriation program to return an
estimated 340,000 Liberian refugees still scattered across West
2005 Oct 1, The SF Opera
premiered Doctor Atomic by composer John Adams. The libretto was
by Peter Sellars.
(SSFC, 10/2/05, p.A17)
2005 Oct 1-2005 Oct 2, In SF
financier Warren Hellman sponsored the 5th annual Hardly Strictly
Bluegrass Festival in Golden Gate Park.
(SFC, 10/3/05, p.C1)
2005 Oct 1, In Connecticut
legislation permitting same-sex civil unions took effect.
(SSFC, 10/2/05, p.A5)
2005 Oct 1, In Norman,
Oklahoma, Joel Henry Hinrichs (21), a Univ. of Oklahoma student,
committed suicide using an explosive attached to his body near the
Oklahoma Memorial Stadium, where 84,000 people watched a football
(SFC, 10/3/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/13/05, p.B1)
2005 Oct 1, Paul Pena (b.1950),
a blind bluesman, died in SF. The 1999 film "Genghis Blues" won the
audience award at Sundance for best documentary. It was directed by
Roko and Adrian Belic and was about Paul Pena (1950-1955), a blind
bluesman, who journeyed to Tuva to compete in a throat-singing
(SFC, 10/4/05, p.B5)
2005 Oct 1, A banned Algerian
Islamic group with ties to al-Qaida rejected an amnesty for Islamic
militants, saying in a statement on its Web site that it had no need
for a government peace plan.
2005 Oct 1, It was reported
that Louis Michaud, a Canadian engineer, had developed an
atmospheric vortex engine to harness energy from an artificial
(Econ, 10/1/05, p.76)
2005 Oct 1, Tens of thousands
of Chinese marked the 56th anniversary of Communist rule in
Beijing's Tiananmen Square with the country enjoying the benefits of
two decades of rapid economic growth but still facing deep-seated
2005 Oct 1, China and Japan
ended 2 days of talks with no resolution on their territorial
dispute in the East China Sea, which focused on oil and gas deposits
straddling the border.
(Econ, 10/8/05, p.52)
2005 Oct 1, Riot police
forcibly expelled striking union workers who had blockaded ports in
Corsica and southeastern France for days to protest against the
planned privatization of a state-run ferry operator.
2005 Oct 1, In the Dominican
Rep. 1,719 homicides were reported in the first eight months of the
year, compared to 1,513 during the same period in 2004. At least 25
children have been killed or injured by stray bullets in the same
period. Police estimate guns are used in 75 percent of homicides.
2005 Oct 1, A volcano in
western El Salvador erupted, sending a column of ash 50,000 feet
into the air and killing two farmers buried by chunks of earth and
boiling water that tumbled down the slopes.
2005 Oct 1, In Indonesia bombs
exploded almost simultaneously in two tourist areas of the resort
island of Bali, killing 20 people and wounding nearly 200 others.
Indonesia said suicide bombers carried out the blasts that bore the
hallmark of Islamic militants linked to al-Qaeda. In 2006 Abdul Aziz
(30) was sentenced to eight years in prison for harboring the
alleged mastermind of the bombings. Aziz had also helped set up a
Web site calling on Muslims to wage war against "infidels." Mohammad
Cholili (28) was sentenced to 18 years in prison for helping to
build the bombs. Dwi Widiarto (34) was sentenced to 8 years for
helping make the bombers videotaped confessions. Anif Solchanudin
was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
(AP, 10/2/05)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/7/06)(AP,
2005 Oct 1, The US military
released about 500 Iraqi detainees from the notorious Abu Ghraib
prison, completing its plan to free a total of more than 1,000 this
week in honor of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
2005 Oct 1, In Iraq US Marines
began a 3-day offensive dubbed Iron Fist that included a sweep of
the insurgency stronghold of Karabila.
2005 Oct 1, Japan privatized
four debt-ridden public corporations that run the nation's highways,
in the latest of PM Junichiro Koizumi's initiatives to reduce the
size of government.
2005 Oct 1, The outer bands of
Hurricane Otis lashed the coast of western Mexico as the storm
crawled toward the Baja California peninsula, forcing hundreds of
families to evacuate their homes and flooding roads in Cabo San
2005 Oct 1, A new Russian
"public chamber" met for the first time aiming to improve ties
between officials and society. A day earlier the Kremlin announced
the first 42 members of the chamber, an assortment of religious
leaders, Olympic champions, businessmen, trade unionists and others.
The members discussed who else should be included, since they now
have to choose a further 42 people to join their group. They were
also reported to have started to plan their course of action.
2005 Oct 1, A Russian rocket
roared into space in a burst of flame from Baikonur, Kazakhstan,
launching the world's third space tourist, US millionaire scientist
Gregory Olsen, and a U.S.-Russian crew on a two-day trip to the
international space station.
2005 Oct 1, In Yekaterinburg,
Russia, 5 teenagers, ranging in age from 12 to 17, were drunk when
they encountered a 21-year-old Jewish man and attacked him. After
the man fell to the ground, the group took a metal cross from a
grave headstone and stabbed him. A Russian court in 2007 sentenced
the 5 teenagers to prison terms of 5-10 years.
2005 Oct 1,
In South Korea Seoul's Mayor Lee Myung-bak led a ceremony for the
re-opening of the Chonggyechon stream buried beneath an elevated
highway for almost 50 years. Work to restore about 6 km of the
stream began in July, 2003, at a cost of around $350 million. The
stream flows through a narrow park that celebrates the history of
2006 Oct 1, Tiger Woods won the
American Express Championship in Chandler's Cross, England. It was
his eighth victory of the year, making him the first player in PGA
Tour history to win at least eight times in three seasons.
2006 Oct 1, In Afghanistan 5
people were killed in various Taliban attacks and bomb blasts.
2006 Oct 1, Austrians began
voting in national elections that could swing the republic back to
the political center after more than six years of influence by the
extreme right. Without absentee ballots, the Social Democrats won
35.7%, giving it the largest proportion of parliamentary seats. The
People's Party, led by Chancellor Wolfgang Schussel, came in second
with 34.2%, followed by the Freedom Party, which campaigned on an
anti-foreigner platform, with 11.2%. The Greens came in fourth with
(AP, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/2/06)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.60)
2006 Oct 1, Bosnians voted in
historic general elections that will choose the first government to
run the country without international supervision since the end of
the 1992-1995 war.
2006 Oct 1, Brazil held
elections. Brazil voted for president, the lower house of Congress,
a third of the Senate and all state governors and legislatures.
Voter outrage over alleged corruption and dirty tricks left Pres.
Silva facing a tough runoff for a 2nd term after Geraldo Alckmin,
his main rival, staged a surprise comeback. Silva got 48.6% compared
to 41.6% for Alckmin, the former governor of Sao Paulo state. Silva
had seemed assured of a first-round victory until two weeks ago when
Worker Party operatives were caught allegedly trying to pay $770,000
in cash for information to incriminate Alckmin's Social Democracy
Party. The target of the alleged smear campaign was Jose Serra, an
Alckmin ally who won the race to become Sao Paulo state's next
governor, handily beating the Workers' Party candidate. Electoral
officials said former President Fernando Collor de Mello, forced
from office in a corruption scandal in 1992 and barred from politics
for eight years, has won a seat in Brazil's Senate.
(AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)(Econ, 9/30/06,
2006 Oct 1, In Britain sweeping
age-discrimination laws went into effect.
(Econ, 9/30/06, p.66)
2006 Oct 1, China began its
week-long national day holiday, with rail stations and airports
packed and roads gridlocked around Tiananmen Square and at other
major tourist sites throughout the nation. In the southwestern city
of Chongqing a bus careened off a bridge and plunged nearly 100 feet
into a river, killing 30 people.
2006 Oct 1, India said it will
give Islamabad evidence that Pakistan's spy agency planned the
Mumbai train bombings in July which killed more than 200 people.
2006 Oct 1, In Iraq violence
killed at least 17 people in Baghdad and elsewhere including a woman
and a girl who died in a crossfire during a joint US-Iraqi raid on a
suspected militia member's home. Insurgents fired mortar rounds at
British targets at the Shat Al-Arab hotel in Basra. One landed on a
nearby home, killing a 7-year-old boy and his 3-year-old sister and
wounding a third child. Gunmen kidnapped 26 workers from a
refrigerated food factory in western Baghdad in what appeared to be
a new sectarian attack. The kidnapped workers included Shiites and
Sunnis, and they included 3 women. 7 bodies found in the
predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora were identified as victims
of the food factory kidnapping, but the whereabouts of the others
were unknown. The headless bodies of seven people, apparently the
victims of sectarian death squads, were found in Suwayrah, 25 miles
south of Baghdad. A US soldier died when his vehicle was struck by a
roadside bomb west of Baghdad.
(AP, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006 Oct 1, The Israeli army
abandoned positions in Lebanon, withdrawing the last of its troops
from its neighbor and fulfilling a key condition of the Aug. 14
cease-fire that ended a monthlong war against Hezbollah.
2006 Oct 1, Pakistani police
arrested six Afghan Taliban fighters at a private hospital in
Pakistan's southwestern city of Quetta.
2006 Oct 1, Palestinian
militiamen from the ruling Hamas opened fire on government workers
protesting their unpaid salaries, touching off gunbattles with
security forces loyal to President Mahmoud Abbas. Seven people were
killed in the violence.
2006 Oct 1, A reformist party
pulled out of Serbia's ruling coalition because of the government's
failure to capture war crimes suspect Gen. Ratko Mladic, which led
to the suspension of talks on joining the European Union.
2006 Oct 1, In Thailand retired
army commander Gen. Surayud Chulanont (b.1943) was sworn as interim
prime minister following the announcement of a temporary
constitution that reserved considerable powers for the military coup
(AP, 10/1/06)(WSJ, 10/2/06, p.A7)
2006 Oct 1, Typhoon Xangsane
was downgraded to a tropical storm as it moved inland from the
central Vietnam coast. At least 59 people were killed and thousands
of homes damaged. Damage was later estimated at $625 million.
(Reuters, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006 Oct 1, Yemeni
anti-terrorism forces killed Fawaz Yahya al-Rabeie, a suspected
al-Qaida member, who was convicted of an attack on a French oil
tanker and escaped from prison earlier this year. The forces also
killed another suspected al-Qaida member, Mohammed al-Dailami, and
arrested two other suspects.
2006 Oct 1, In Zambia rioting
erupted in Lusaka after President Levy Mwanawasa surged ahead in
presidential polls and his principal rival slipped into third place.
2007 Oct 1, The DJIA rose
191.92 to a record 14,087.55, surpassing a mid-July closing record
of 14,000.41. Nasdaq rose 39.49 to 2,740.
(SFC, 10/2/07, p.C1)(AP, 10/1/08)
2007 Oct 1, The Shakespeare
Theater Company opened the new Sidney Harman Hall, a 775-seat
theater in downtown Washington, DC.
(Econ, 10/6/07, p.34)
2007 Oct 1, The US military
launched a new "Most Wanted" campaign offering rewards of up to
$200,000 for information leading to the capture of 12 Taliban and
al-Qaida leaders. Three men driving trucks to supply foreign
soldiers in the central province of Wardak were kidnapped.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AFP, 10/1/07)
2007 Oct 1, Teradata
Corporation, a hardware and software vendor specializing in data
warehousing and analytic applications, was spun off from NCR Corp.
As of 2010 the former division of NCR is the largest company in
Dayton, Ohio, with headquarters in Miamisburg, Ohio.
2007 Oct 1, Al Oerter (b.1936),
4-time Olympic gold medal winner in the discus throw, died in Fort
2007 Oct 1, The African Union
began probing an unprecedented attack on one of its bases in Sudan's
war-ravaged Darfur that left 10 peacekeepers dead and 40 missing,
vowing to punish those responsible.
2007 Oct 1, The Bosnian Serb
parliament approved Igor Radojcic, the government's candidate, as
interim president following the death of President Milan Jelic.
2007 Oct 1, Britains Racial
and Religious Hatred Act came into force. This made it a crime for
anyone to use threatening words or behavior with the intention of
stirring up religious hatred. Britains Equality and Human Rights
Commission (EHRC) was created to succeed the Commission for Racial
(Econ, 10/13/07, p.67)(Econ, 6/27/09,
2007 Oct 1, The London Stock
Exchange completed its purchase of Borsa Italiana, cementing its
position as Europe's biggest equity market.
2007 Oct 1, The British
Broadcasting Corp. said it bought a 75-percent stake in the Lonely
Planet travel guides.
2007 Oct 1, A Canadian judge
acquitted three doctors, a New Jersey company and a former Red Cross
official of criminal charges in a tainted-blood scandal that
infected thousands of Canadians with HIV or hepatitis and resulted
in more than 3,000 deaths.
2007 Oct 1, Ecuadors Pres.
Rafael Correa announced a plan to wipe out the party system and
tighten government control of the economy after appearing to win a
free hand to overhaul the constitution.
(WSJ, 10/2/07, p.A8)
2007 Oct 1, Nokia Corp. said it
is buying US navigation-software maker Navteq Corp. for around $8.1
billion as the world's largest mobile phone maker continues to
expand services and content.
2007 Oct 1, A suicide car
bomber detonated his explosives just outside the gates of Mosul
University, killing an agriculture professor. An umbrella group for
al-Qaida in Iraq confirmed the death of Abu Osama al-Tunisi, a
senior Tunisian leader linked to the kidnapping and killings of US
soldiers last year. He was killed in a US airstrike south of
2007 Oct 1, Japan began a
1-year process of privatizing its postal system, recognized as the
worlds largest bank with over $2 trillion in assets.
(Econ, 9/29/07, p.82)
2007 Oct 1, In Lebanon Nasser
Ismail, a suspected senior commander of the Fatah Islam militant
group, was captured by Palestinian refugees and turned over to the
Lebanese military after he spent weeks in hiding.
2007 Oct 1, Myanmar's junta
leader stalled a UN envoy for yet another day, delaying his chance
to present international demands for an end to the crackdown on the
largest protests in two decades. A Norway-based dissident news
organization, the Democratic Voice of Burma, said pro-democracy
activists estimate 138 people were killed in the recent protests.
Shari Villarosa, the top US diplomat in Myanmar, said her staff had
visited up to 15 monasteries around Yangon and every single one was
empty. She put the number of arrested demonstrators, monks and
civilians, in the thousands.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007 Oct 1, A burqa-clad woman
blew herself up and killed at least 16 people at a crowded police
checkpoint in northwestern Pakistan. It was believed to be the first
time a female suicide bomber has struck inside the country.
Pakistan's top court ordered three officials suspended over a
crackdown that wounded dozens of journalists and lawyers during
protests against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's re-election bid.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AFP, 10/1/07)
2007 Oct 1, Dozens of freed
Palestinian prisoners kissed the ground at this West Bank checkpoint
after Israel released them in a gesture to President Mahmoud Abbas
ahead of a US-sponsored Mideast peace conference. Israeli troops
killed two Hamas militants in Gaza in a gunbattle.
2007 Oct 1, President Vladimir
Putin said he would lead the dominant party's ticket in December
parliamentary elections and suggested he could become prime
minister, the strongest sign yet that he will try to keep power
after he leaves office.
2007 Oct 1, Fighting broke out
between Somaliland and Puntland in the disputed Sool region and at
least 10 people were killed in a battle for control of Las Anod.
(Econ, 10/6/07, p.56)
2007 Oct 1, Sudan's Pres. Omar
Hassan al-Bashir, during talks with members of a visiting group of
elder statesmen, promised to pay $300 million in compensation to the
country's war-torn Darfur region, tripling a previous pledge. This
was made public 2 days later by former US President Jimmy Carter,
one of the visiting elders.
2007 Oct 1, Swiss banking giant
UBS warned that the crisis in the US housing market had cost it
around 4.0 billion Swiss francs, as it announced a major management
shakeup and plans to cut 1,500 jobs.
2007 Oct 1, Syria began
requiring visas for Iraqis entering the country, hoping to stem the
flow of refugees fleeing violence in their homeland.
2007 Oct 1, Zimbabwe's central
bank chief warned of "dangers" in a bill approved by legislators
which says that locals must own a majority of foreign-run firms.
2008 Oct 1, The US Senate voted
74-25 for its version of a $700 billion rescue of the nations
banking system. A 2nd House vote was set for Oct 3. The 451-page
bill was larded with earmarks adding billions of dollars in tax
breaks with little to do with restoring confidence in financial
(SFC, 10/2/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/3/08, p.A1)
2008 Oct 1, The US Senate voted
overwhelmingly in favor of overturning a three-decade ban on atomic
trade with India, allowing American businesses to begin selling
nuclear fuel, technology and reactors in exchange for safeguards and
UN inspections of India's civilian nuclear plants. In response
Pakistani PM Yousaf Raza Gilani said: "Now Pakistan also has the
right to demand a civilian nuclear agreement with America. We want
there to be no discrimination. Pakistan will also strive for a
nuclear deal and we think they will have to accommodate us."
2008 Oct 1, Africom, a US
command structure created one year ago, took over all US military
operations in Africa. Many on the continent feared that the program
has a hidden agenda skewed by the war on terror and a
self-interested scramble for resources.
2008 Oct 1, US officials said
they have seized almost two tons of cocaine from a Panama-flagged
cargo ship in international waters off Puerto Rico. The cocaine was
hidden on a ship, which was loaded with coal and had launched from
2008 Oct 1, Warren Buffetts
Berkshire Hathaway agreed to invest $3 billion in preferred shares
of GE and the right to buy another $3 billion in stock at $22.25 a
share for 5 years.
(WSJ, 10/2/08, p.B1)
2008 Oct 1, In Oakland, Ca.,
Mayor Dellums, officials from developer Shorenstein Co. and the
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. broke ground on a new $240 million,
23-story office tower. 601 City Center was expected to open in 2
(SFC, 10/2/08, p.B3)
2008 Oct 1, Two days of
torrential rains in the Algerian desert created flash floods. 43
deaths were later confirmed.
(AP, 10/2/08)(AP, 10/12/08)
2008 Oct 1, In Australia a
7-year-old boy broke into the popular Alice Springs zoo, fed a
string of animals to the resident crocodile and bashed several
lizards to death with a rock. By the time he was done, 13 animals
worth around $5,500 had been killed, including a turtle, bearded
dragons and thorny devil lizards.
2008 Oct 1, In Australia a
major report to the government on global warming suggested that
Australians should eat kangaroos instead of cattle and sheep.
2008 Oct 1, The Bank of England
offered 40 billion dollars (22.6 billion pounds) to banking
institutions on a one-week tender amid ongoing world economic
2008 Oct 1, Fifteen more
Chinese dairy companies were identified as producing milk products
contaminated with an industrial chemical, further broadening a
scandal affecting products ranging from baby formula to chocolate.
2008 Oct 1, Berhe
Gebreegziabher, the head of Ethiopias animal health in the
agriculture ministry, said an outbreak of African horse sickness has
killed more than 2,000 horses, mules and donkeys in Ethiopia since
2008 Oct 1, The EU imposed one
of its highest ever cartel fines on a "paraffin mafia" accused of
fixing prices and markets for everyday household products like
chewing gum, tires and candles.
2008 Oct 1, EU monitors began
patrolling Georgian territory and Russian troops allowed some of
them into a buffer zone around the breakaway region of South Ossetia
despite earlier warnings from Moscow they would be blocked.
2008 Oct 1-2008 Oct 3, In India
over 100,000 Bollywood actors, technicians and cameramen began an
indefinite strike protesting irregular pay and the hiring of
non-union members. The strike was called off Oct 3 after unions and
producers announced they had thrashed out a deal for better pay and
(WSJ, 10/2/08, p.A14)(AFP, 10/3/08)
2008 Oct 1, The Iraqi
government took responsibility for paying some 54,000 members of
Sunni Arab groups fighting al-Qaeda. A bombing in a car parked
outside a kebab restaurant in the mostly Shiite commercial district
of Karradah in central Baghdad killed at least three people.
(AP, 10/1/08)(WSJ, 10/2/08, p.A14)
2008 Oct 1, In Japan a pre-dawn
fire raged through an adult video theater in the western city of
Osaka, killing at least 15 people and injuring 10 others.
2008 Oct 1, Kenyan police
arrested Andrew Mwangura, a maritime watchdog official, on suspicion
of criminal activity just days after the official gave reporters
sensitive information about a hijacked arms freighter off Somalia's
2008 Oct 1, The Russian Supreme
Court declared the last czar and his murdered family to be victims
of political repression, a decision that helps Russia move toward
closing a chapter in its tortured history.
2008 Oct 1, In Somalia at least
seven civilians were killed in a mortar fire exchange that erupted
when an African Union (AU) plane landed at Mogadishu airport in
defiance of a "ban" by an Islamist militia. 28 Somali migrants died
after their boat capsized off the town of Shabwa because of strong
wind and high waves. A Yemen coast guard patrol reached the boat and
rescued 23 other migrants.
2008 Oct 1, Spanish police said
they have staged their biggest ever operation against Internet child
pornography, arresting 121 people suspected of involvement in a
network that reached 75 countries. Some 800 police took part in
Operation Carousel, an investigation that began last year in
cooperation with Brazilian police.
2008 Oct 1, In central Tanzania
a stampede at an overcrowded dance hall in Tabora killed 20 children
and left 50 others injured as they celebrated the Islamic Eid
2008 Oct 1, In Venezuela Julio
Soto, a student leader at the University of Zulia, was killed by
unidentified gunmen in the western city of Maracaibo. Assailants
sprayed his vehicle with gunfire and then fled without taking
anything. Soto had helped organize protests against constitutional
amendments proposed by President Hugo Chavez.
2009 Oct 1, David Letterman,
late-night TV talk show host, admitted in an extraordinary monologue
before millions of viewers that he had sexual relationships with
female employees, after a CBS News employee tried to extort $2
million from him. Suspect Robert J. Halderman later admitted his
guilt and was sentenced to 6 months in jail. He was freed on Sep 2,
2010, after serving 4 months.
(AP, 10/2/09)(SFC, 9/3/10, p.A4)
2009 Oct 1, The 19th annual Ig
Nobel Prizes were awarded at Harvard. The physics prize went to a
study of why pregnant women dont tip over. The chemistry prize was
awarded to scientists who turned tequila into diamonds. The
veterinary medicine prize was given for finding that cows that have
names make more milk than those who remain anonymous. The medicine
prize went to a physician who, for fifty years, cracked the knuckles
on only his left hand to test his mothers contention that
knuckle-cracking causes arthritis.
2009 Oct 1, A new Walt Disney
Family Museum opened to the public in the Presidio of San Francisco.
(SFC, 10/2/09, p.E2)
2009 Oct 1, Mattel planned to
release its Mindflex toy, which allowed users to lift a ball and
send it through an obstacle course using brain control interface
(SSFC, 9/6/09, p.A8)
2009 Oct 1, In California
operators at the Friant Dam began releasing pulses of water in a
move to rewet the San Joaquin riverbed in preparation for
reintroducing salmon species beginning next year. The dam, completed
in 1944, had turned 64 miles of the river into a dusty trench.
(SFC, 10/1/09, p.A1)
2009 Oct 1, In Afghanistan an
American died when Taliban militants fired rocket-propelled grenades
at a patrol in eastern Afghanistan. A British airman was killed when
a bomb exploded alongside his patrol near Camp Bastion in southern
Helmand province. Afghans began cashing in on incentives, which
ranged from $50 to $10,000, for information leading to weapons
caches or "the disruption of enemy activities." By the end of the
year Operation Jaeza paid out nearly $200,000.
(AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 1/1/10)
2009 Oct 1, Britains Serious
Fraud Office announced that it would seek prosecution of defense
equipment firm BAE Systems over alleged corruption involving
contracts with European and African nations.
2009 Oct 1, Benjamin Chocat
(20), from Choisy-Le-Roi south of Paris, and his mother Christiane
Chocat (51), a councilor in Lumigny-Nesles-Ormeaux southeast of
Paris, helped to smuggle at least 13 men and 3 women in a hire van
on a ferry from Cherbourg in France to Portsmouth. The Vietnamese
immigrants were hidden behind boxes of shrimp noodles.
2009 Oct 1, In Canada Said
Nomad (36), a Moroccan citizen living in Quebec since 2003, was
convicted in Montreal of plotting attacks in Germany and Austria to
get NATO nations to withdraw troops from Afghanistan.
(SFC, 10/2/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 1, China celebrated 60
years of communist rule with a military parade and elaborate
pageantry on Beijing's Tiananmen Square showcasing the nation's
revival as a global power. China demonstrated its new J-10 fighters
and DF-31 nuclear ICBM.
(AFP, 10/1/09)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.54)
2009 Oct 1, In Indonesia rescue
workers used excavators to pull out victims from the heavy rubble of
buildings felled by the previous days 7.6 earthquake. The death
toll was expected to rise. The region was jolted by another powerful
earthquake, causing damage but no reported fatalities.
(AP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/2/09)
2009 Oct 1, In Iraq an American
soldier was killed in a mortar attack at Baghdad's Camp Liberty. The
death raises to at least 4,348 members of the US military who have
died in the Iraq war since it began in March 2003, according to an
Associated Press count.
2009 Oct 1, Israeli authorities
charged an enigmatic Russian-born tycoon, who has fled the country,
with fraud and money laundering. Prosecutors said Arkady Gaydamak
conspired with senior Israeli banking executives to conceal
financial activities worth around $175 million.
2009 Oct 1, A Lebanese
businessman, Hassan Alayan, alleged that he and several hundred
other Lebanese were expelled from the United Arab Emirates country
because they refused to spy on the Shiite militant group Hezbollah
and other fellow citizens.
2009 Oct 1, In Mexico gunmen in
Ciudad Juarez opened fire on a pickup truck, killing a 22-year-old
woman as well as a 10-year-old girl playing in a city park. Hours
earlier, a city police officer was killed as she rode on a bus.
2009 Oct 1, In Nigeria Tom
Ateke, leader of Niger Delta Vigilante, an ethnic Ijaw militia
group, formally accepted an amnesty offer in a meeting with Nigerian
President Umaru Yar'Adua.
2009 Oct 1, A Nigerian official
said 9 people died and several others were hospitalized this week
following a cholera outbreak in northern Taraba State, bringing the
death toll in the region to 97 over the last few weeks.
2009 Oct 1, A Palestinian
decision to suspend the campaign for war crimes prosecutions was
first reported as the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva was
considering a vote on the Goldstone report. With the Palestinians
out of the picture, Arab and Muslim supporters followed suit, and
the vote was deferred to March. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
faced growing outrage at home over his decision to withdraw support
for the UN report.
2009 Oct 1, Romania's coalition
government collapsed after nine ministers from the Social Democrats
quit to protest the firing of interior minister Dan Nica. Social
Democratic Party leader Mircea Geoana said the ministers resigned
"in solidarity" with Nica, who was fired by PM Emil Boc on Sep 28
over a statement about potential fraud in the upcoming Nov 22
2009 Oct 1, In Somalia fighting
between rival Islamist factions over control of Kismayo, a key port
city, killed at least 12 people, in the first concrete sign of a
major split in the Islamist alliance threatening the fragile
2009 Oct 1, In Switzerland
senior American and Iranian delegates met one-on-one during a lunch
break at seven-nation talks in Geneva. Iran brought a broad range of
geopolitical issues to the table, while the six powers, the
permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany, sought to soften
Iran's resistance to freezing its uranium enrichment program. Iran
accepted a demand to allow UN inspectors into its covertly built
(AP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/2/09)
2009 Oct 1, Venezuela's top
security official said Julio Mendez (37), an American pilot wanted
in the United States on cocaine-smuggling charges, has been turned
over to representatives of the US State Department to be taken home.
2009 Oct 1, Nestle said it will
stop buying milk from Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's wife's
farm after facing worldwide boycott threats.
2010 Oct 1, Pres. Obama bid
farewell to chief of staff Rahm Emanuel and announced that he will
be replaced by Pete Rouse.
(SFC, 10/2/10, p.A5)
2010 Oct 1, Californias Gov.
Schwarzenegger signed a measure making marijuana possession up to
ounce an infraction, on par with traffic and littering tickets.
Schwarzenegger opposed Proposition 19, the upcoming marijuana
(SFC, 10/2/10, p.A1)
2010 Oct 1, Medicago, a
Canadian company, broke ground at Durham, NC, on its first American
facility. The company genetically manipulates tobacco plants to
produce proteins used in making flu vaccines.
(Econ, 10/23/10, p.36)
2010 Oct 1, In southern
Afghanistan 2 coalition soldiers were killed in a blast while on
patrol. NATO said it has captured more insurgent leaders and
announced it has detained at least 438 suspected militants over the
last month. Just north of Kandahar, two Romanian soldiers were
killed and one injured when their Humvee was struck by an improvised
explosive device some 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Qalat in Zabul
2010 Oct 1, In Britain most
provisions of the 2010 Equality Act took effect, including a measure
to stop pay secrecy clauses being used to hide unfair differences
between men and women's pay. But 10 percent of the legislation,-
which was passed by Parliament in April, will be left out, while the
government reviews certain sections of it.
2010 Oct 1, China launched its
second lunar exploration probe, boosting the country's efforts to
rise as a major space power eventually capable of landing a man on
the moon and perhaps one day exploring far beyond.
2010 Oct 1, Ecuador was under a
state of siege, the streets quiet with the military in charge of
public order. Three police colonels were arrested for failing to
prevent a massive protest by their subordinates that left 5 people
(AP, 10/1/10)(AP, 10/3/10)
2010 Oct 1, European oil majors
resisted pressure from the US to stop all business with Iran, in
spite of Washington's drive to isolate Tehran over a nuclear program
the West suspects is aimed at making bombs.
2010 Oct 1, The European
Commission said it has decided to more than double its Pakistan
flood aid to 150 million euros (205 million dollars). The UN has
issued a record two-billion-dollar appeal for funds to cope with the
disaster, which UN agencies say affected 21 million people and left
12 million in need of emergency food aid.
2010 Oct 1, In Finland
tobacco sales were pushed under shop counters as a new law, set to
progress in stages, came into effect. Finland is the first country
to target an end to smoking through legal means.
2010 Oct 1, Germanys
Chancellor Angela Merkel called for calm after riot police used what
critics called "Rambo" tactics to disperse thousands of opponents of
a contentious rail project.
2010 Oct 1, In Haiti gunmen
killed Pierre Richard Denis (42), an engineer supervising the
building of shelters at the Corail-Cesselesse relocation camp for
Haitian earthquake survivors, forcing construction to be suspended
on part of the site. Denis worked for International Organization for
2010 Oct 1, Indian cinema's
most expensive movie "Endhiran" (Robot), starring former bus
conductor Rajinikanth, opened. The weekend opening of the $35
million film broke box office records.
2010 Oct 1, In Iran Ebrahim
Yazdi (80) the head of a banned liberal party, was arrested. He was
released on March 20, 2011.
2010 Oct 1, In Iraq aides said
Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has agreed to support the bid by
Iraq's PM al-Maliki to retain power. A roadside bomb exploded and
killed at least three people, including two members of an
anti-insurgent militia, and wounded seven others in a mostly Sunni
district of southern Baghdad. In Mosul gunmen killed a policeman and
a roadside bomb killed an Iraqi soldier on foot patrol.
2010 Oct 1, In Mexico a
shootout between rival drug-dealing gangs broke out in the town of
San Jose de la Cruz. 14 people were left dead. Assailants tossed a
grenade into a square in the northern business city of Monterrey,
injuring 12 people in an attack the government blamed on drug gangs.
(AP, 10/2/10)(Reuters, 10/3/10)
2010 Oct 1, In the Netherlands
more than 100 people protesting the outlawing of squatting at unused
buildings clashed with police in Amsterdam's historic center,
throwing stones, setting fires and erecting barricades.
2010 Oct 1, In Nigeria car bomb
explosions killed 12 people and injured 17 near a parade Abuja
marking the 50th anniversary of independence. Two blasts, which also
destroyed three cars, came an hour after the Movement for the
Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), warned it had planted
several bombs and told people to evacuate the area.
(Reuters, 10/1/10)(Reuters, 10/2/10)
2010 Oct 1, Pirates off the
coast of Nigeria's southern delta kidnapped two foreign sailors from
the MV Eckhardt tanker. A naval spokesman later suggested the crew
worked in the black market trade of stolen crude from the region.
2010 Oct 1, In Northern Ireland
Paul McCaugherty (43), a self-described senior Irish Republican Army
dissident, received a 20-year prison sentence for trying to buy
guns, explosives and other weapons from undercover British agents.
He had been convicted in June of attempted arms smuggling.
2010 Oct 1, Red Cross officials
from the two Koreas agreed to hold reunions for families separated
by the Korean War amid mixed signals from North Korea on easing
tensions over the sinking of a South Korean warship.
2010 Oct 1, Pakistan's
ex-military ruler Pervez Musharraf launched a new political party in
London. Musharraf said the only way to tackle Pakistan's ailing
economy and its political infighting, problems exacerbated by recent
floods, is to further bolster the army's role.
2010 Oct 1, In southern
Pakistan assailants launched two separate attacks on vehicles
carrying fuel for NATO and American forces in Afghanistan,
highlighting the vulnerability of the US-led mission a day after
Pakistan closed a major border crossing.
2010 Oct 1, In Peru former
President Alberto Fujimori's right hand man, Vladimiro Montesinos,
two top ex-generals and a major were sentenced to 25 years in jail
for ordering murders during Peru's so-called dirty war. They were
found guilty of ordering the Colina Group, a secret army hit squad,
to kill 24 people in two massacres in 1991 and 1992. Twenty other
members of the Colina Group were sentenced to 15-25 years behind
2010 Oct 1, Moscow police
detained several gay rights opponents at the first sanctioned gay
rights protest in years. Former Mayor Yuri Luzhkov, fired on Sep 28,
had compared gay people to the devil and forbade gay rights rallies.
(SFC, 10/2/10, p.A2)
2010 Oct 1, Spanish energy
giant Repsol announced the sale of 40 percent of its Brazilian
affiliate to China's Sinopec for 7.1 billion dollars, securing
funding for the development of oil fields in Brazil.
2010 Oct 1, In Sudan Darfur
rebels accused Sudan's army of killing 27 people in a week-long
campaign of air and ground assaults on their positions, as peace
efforts in the arid region continued to flounder.
2010 Oct 1, Ukraine's
Constitutional Court shifted key powers from parliament to the
presidency, a move that boosted the influence of pro-Russian
President Viktor Yanukovych, but also threw the country into legal
2010 Oct 1, The UN released its
545-page report into mass killings in Congo over a ten-year period.
Rwanda and Uganda insisted the $3 million report is flawed and could
harm security in Africa's volatile Great Lakes region.
2011 Oct 1, In northern
California a Sacramento SWAT team shot and killed Aaron Bassler
(35), a suspect in two previous north coast murders.
(SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A1)
2011 Oct 1, In NYC more than
700 of protesters, speaking out against corporate greed and other
grievances, were arrested during a march on the Brooklyn Bridge in a
tense confrontation with police. The group Occupy Wall Street has
been camped out in a plaza in Manhattan's Financial District for
nearly two weeks staging various marches.
2011 Oct 1, Afghanistan's
intelligence service said it has given Pakistan hard evidence that
Rabbani's Sep 20 assassination was planned in the southern outskirts
of Quetta where key Taliban leaders are based. 7 Afghan soldiers
were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia
province. One NATO service member died in a bomb attack in the
(AP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)
2011 Oct 1, In Belarus Dmitry
Uss, one of the seven opposition presidential candidates arrested
after last year's election, was released from jail after a pardon
from authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko. Two other
candidates remained in prison, serving sentences of five to six
years. Two others were given suspended sentences and freed nearly
five months after their arrest. Another has fled the country and
been given asylum in the Czech Republic. The seventh was released
several days after his arrest.
2011 Sep 30, In Brazil a law
professor shot and killed one of his female students in Brasilia and
hours later drove her body to a police station where he turned
himself in. Rendrik Vieira Rodrigues fired three bullets into the
head of Suenia Souza Farias (24), apparently because she wanted to
end their 3-month-old relationship.
2011 Oct 1, Cigarette vending
machines were banned in England, a move the government hopes will
cut the numbers of children smoking.
2011 Oct 1, Mitchell Harrison
(23), a convicted child rapist, was found dead in his cell at HM
Prison Frankland, England. He was jailed in 2009 for raping a
13-year-old girl in Kendal, Cumbria. A post-mortem found he died
from multiple injuries. Two men, aged 32 and 23, were soon charged
with his murder.
2011 Oct 1, Cameroon police
arrested 50 activists from the Southern Cameroons National Council
demonstrating in the city of Buea.
2011 Oct 1, In China angry
Tibetans protested in Seda, a county seat in eastern Sichuan
province, a tense area of southwestern China on the country's
National Day after a Tibetan flag and a photo of the Dalai Lama were
2011 Oct 1, Denmark imposed a
fat tax on foods such as butter and oil as a way to curb unhealthy
eating habits. The tariff on saturated fats was abolished in
(SFC, 10/3/11, p.A2)(Econ, 11/17/12, p.52)
2011 Oct 1, The French press
called Aga Kahns divorce settlement the most expensive in French
history. A court has ordered Kahn, a billionaire and spiritual
leader to 20 million Muslims, to pay $80 million to Gabriele
Thyssen. He married the German princess in 1998.
(SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A4)
2011 Oct 1, Guyanas Pres.
Bharrat Jagdeo banned an opposition television station from
broadcasting for four months for airing a slanderous comment about
Bishop Juan Edghill, a close presidential associate.
(SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A4)
2011 Oct 1, Icelanders, angry
over citizen costs for the countrys economic crises, pelted
lawmakers with eggs during a protest at the opening of the new
parliamentary session in Reykjavik.
(SSFC, 10/2/11, p.A4)
2011 Oct 1, Israeli settlers
from Yitzhar, near Nablus, invaded Palestinian olive groves in the
West Bank and uprooted 200 trees around the villages of Hawwara and
2011 Oct 1, The
Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), a multi-national
agreement for the purpose of establishing international standards
for intellectual property rights enforcement, was signed in Tokyo.
Ratification by 6 countries was required for the convention to come
2011 Oct 1, In Jordan ex-MP
Leith Shbeilat, an outspoken opposition figure and former member of
parliament, was pelted with stones while making a speech criticizing
the slow pace of reform in the kingdom.
2011 Oct 1, In Kenya 10 gunmen
snatched Marie Dedieu (66), a disabled Frenchwoman, from her home
near a luxury resort on Manda island and then fled towards Somalia.
Kenyan coastguards attempted to intercept them at sea. Several of
the abductors were injured but they managed to enter Somalia.
(AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011 Oct 1, Libyan fighters
completely surrounded Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte and
engaged in heavy clashes with his loyalists on the city's streets. A
path was left for civilians who still wanted to leave the coastal
city. A family of four was killed while driving out from the Gadhafi
holdout toward the revolutionaries positions. NATO planes hit a
command and control node, an infantry and anti-aircraft artillery
staging area, two armed vehicles, four armored infantry vehicles and
a tank in and around Sirte.
(AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011 Oct 1, In Mexico two
gunmen shot to death a 22-year-old man near a Walmart store on the
beachside avenue Costera Miguel Aleman.
2011 Oct 1, Moroccos national
intelligence agency said a five-man militant group, operating in the
cities of Casablanca and Sale, has been dismantled. An agency report
said one of the members was related to a high-ranking al-Qaida
operative in Iraq.
2011 Oct 1, In northeastern
Nigeria attackers used explosives and gunfire to target an army
patrol near a wedding, killing at least three civilians in
Maiduguri. In a separate incident, a butcher and his assistant were
shot dead by gunmen in Maiduguri.
2011 Oct 1, Francois Abu Salem
(b.1951), a French actor and director and long-time West Bank
resident, died in Ramallah. He was the co-founder of the El-Hakawati
Theatre Company, which later grew into the Palestinian National
Theatre, in east Jerusalem.
2011 Oct 1, Typhoon Nalgae
lashed the Philippines, killing at least 3 people person and
bringing fresh misery for more than a million people trapped by
earlier storm floods.
(AFP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)
2011 Oct 1, Russian police
detained dozens of anti-gay protesters and gay rights activists
during a gay pride rally in central Moscow.
2011 Oct 1, In Spain the Gara
newspaper's website said two unidentified spokesmen told it that
"Ekin members have ended their endeavors as an organization." Ekin,
a civic support organization for the Basque separatist group ETA,
was formed in 1999 with the aim of "impelling independence,
nation-building and socialism at street level."
2011 Oct 1, Syrian government
troops retook most of Rastan after five days of intense fighting
with army defectors who sided with protesters. Some 250 tanks were
sent in to quell clashes between the army and deserters. Troops
spread out across Rastan after defectors pulled out from the town.
Mansur Atassi (63), a leader of a coalition of opposition groups,
was detained in his office in Homs by security agents.
(AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011 Oct 1, A Yemeni government
warplane mistakenly bombed an army position just east of Zinjibar in
southern Abyan province, killing at least 30 soldiers and wounding
many more. The bombing targeted an abandoned school used as shelter
by soldiers of the army's 119th Brigade. The 119th Brigade has
rebelled against the regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh to join
the protest movement demanding his ouster. Fighting in Zinjibar
killed at least 28 soldiers and militants.
2011 Oct 1, New Zambian
President Michael Sata replaced the head of the country's
anti-corruption watchdog, who had been accused of bungling
investigations into corruption allegations. He appointed Mrs.
Rosewin Wandi as Director General of the Anti-Corruption Commission
2012 Oct 1, The US Postal
Service defaulted on a $5.6 billion payment, the 2nd time it has
missed a deadline this year. It expected operating losses of $15
billion for the fiscal year ending Sep 30.
(SFC, 10/2/12, p.A4)
2012 Oct 1, US federal and
state regulators from Utah announced a settlement in which American
Express agreed to pay $112.5 million over violations to consumer
safeguards from marketing to collection of sold products.
(SFC, 10/2/12, p.D2)
2012 Oct 1, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber driving a motorcycle packed with explosives rammed
his bike into a joint Afghan-American patrol in Khost city, killing
at least 14 people including three US troops and their translator.
2012 Oct 1, In Algeria Yacine
Zaid, a member of a leading human rights organization, was beaten
and arrested in in Ouargla , 700 kilometers (435 miles) south of the
2012 Oct 1, An Australian study
found that the Great Barrier Reef has lost more than half of its
coral cover since 1985.
(SFC, 10/2/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 1, Eric Hobsbawm
(b.1917), renowned British left-wing historian, died. His writing
influenced students and politicians across Europe. He won critical
acclaim with a four-volume history of Europe in the 19th and 20th
centuries. His bestselling memoirs charted the pivotal moments in
modern European history through which he lived.
(AP, 10/1/12)(Economist, 10/6/12, p.110)
2012 Oct 1, A Cambodian court
sentenced Mam Sonando (71), a dissident radio station owner, to 20
years in prison on insurrection charges that critics claim are part
of a political vendetta by the government. His Beehive Radio was one
of the country's few radio stations broadcasting criticism of PM Hun
2012 Oct 1, Egypt's doctors
began a partial strike, abstaining from offering non-emergency
services in public hospitals to protest run-down facilities and
2012 Oct 1, Georgia held
parliamentary elections. The Georgian Dream party led by billionaire
Bidzina Ivanishvili edged out the United National Movement of Pres.
(AP, 10/1/12)(SFC, 10/2/12, p.A3)
2012 Oct 1, In Hong Kong two
boats collided in local waters killing 38 holiday revelers. Police
the next day arrested seven crew members but offered no theory about
how the vessels ran into each other on a clear night in one of the
safest and most regulated waterways in Asia.
2012 Oct 1, The Hungarian
Parliament filed a bill to ban most slot machines, allowing them in
only three casinos. Last year a monthly tax on the machines was
increased fivefold from $450 to $2250.
(SFC, 10/2/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 1, In Iran Mohammad
Reza Aghamiri, a member of governmental Internet watchdog committee,
told the semiofficial Mehr news agency that authorities have lifted
the Gmail ban after resolving technical problems to separate YouTube
and Gmail. YouTube remained blocked in response to video clips of an
2012 Oct 1, Iran's currency
fell 16 percent in a single day to hit a record low against the US
dollar and other foreign currencies in street trading. The collapse
is a sign of the impact of Western sanctions imposed over Iran's
2012 Oct 1, In the Maldives the
trial of former Pres. Mohamed Nasheed was postponed after he defied
a court order and left the capital by boat.
2012 Oct 1, Russias PM Dmitry
Medvedev signed a long-expected strategy for reforming the pension
(Economist, 10/6/12, p.64)
2012 Oct 1, A Moscow court
found the film Innocence of Muslims offensive and banned its
broadcast in Russia effective Nov 6.
(SFC, 10/2/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 1, Somali troops
entered Kismayo for the first time since Kenyan troops carried out
an amphibious assault on the coastal port city last week, causing
al-Shabab militants to flee.
2012 Oct 1, Syrian troops
bombed Salqin, a northern town near the Turkish border, killing at
least 12 people, including 5 children. Rebels reportedly captured an
air defense base in the Eastern Ghouta area near the capital.
(AP, 10/1/12)(AP, 10/5/12)