Today in History - October 2

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692        Oct 2, A Mayan prisoner from Copan, depicted in a well-preserved stone sculpture found in 2011, was captured on this day.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

1187        Oct 2, Sultan Saladin captured Jerusalem from Crusaders.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saladin)

1263        Oct 2, At Largs, King Alexander III of Scotland repelled an amphibious invasion by King Haakon IV of Norway.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1452        Oct 2, King Richard III, of England (1483-85), was born.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1535        Oct 2, Jacques Cartier first saw the site of what is now Montreal and proclaimed "What a royal mountain," hence the name of the city. [see 1536] Having landed in Quebec a month ago, Jacques Cartier reached a town, which he named Montreal.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, p.T7)(HN, 10/2/98)

1608        Oct 2, Jan Lippershey, spectacle maker, formally offered to the Estates of Holland his new spyglass for warfare. He was the 1st to file a patent claim for a spyglass.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9048449)(CW, Spring ‘99, p.33)

1656        Oct 2, US colony Connecticut passed a law against Quakers.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1715        Oct 2, Peter II, czar of Russia (1727-30), was born.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1737        Oct 2, Francis Hopkinson, US writer and lawyer, was born. He designed the Stars & Stripes.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1780        Oct 2, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y., for conspiring with Benedict Arnold.
    (AP, 10/2/97)

1800        Oct 2, Nat Turner, slave and the property of Benjamin Turner, was born in Southampton county, Va. He was sold in 1831 to Joseph Travis from Jerusalem, Southampton county, Va.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3p1518.html)

1803        Oct 2, Samuel Adams (b.1722), former Gov. of Mass. (1793-1797), died. He was a propagandist, political figure, revolutionary patriot and statesman who helped to organize the Boston Tea Party. In 2008 Ira Stoll authored “Samuel Adams: A Life."
    (AHD, 1971, p.14)(WSJ, 11/3/08, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Adams)

1804        Oct 2, England mobilized to protect against an expected French invasion by Napoleon.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1833        Oct 2, The NY Anti-Slavery Society was organized.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1835        Oct 2, The first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers fought Mexican soldiers near the Guadalupe River; the Mexicans ended up withdrawing.
    (AP, 10/2/08)

1836        Oct 2, Darwin returned to England aboard HMS Beagle after 5 years abroad. He visited Brazil, the Galapagos Islands, and New Zealand. His studies were important to his theory of evolution, which he put forth in his groundbreaking scientific work of 1859, "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection."
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1847        Oct 2, Paul von Hindenburg (Paul Ludwig Hans von Beneckendorf und Hindenburg), German Field Marshall during World War I whose brilliant victories on the Eastern Front promoted him to become the second president of the Weimar Republic, was born.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1851        Oct 2, Ferdinand Foch, French Allied commander in WW I, was born.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1853        Oct 2, Austrian law forbade Jews from owning land.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1857        Oct 2, In SF the cornerstone for the new St. Francis Church was laid.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A21)(SSFC, 3/25/12, DB p.41)

1862        Oct 2, An Army under Union General Joseph Hooker arrived in Bridgeport, Alabama to support the Union forces at Chattanooga.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1863        Oct 2, San Francisco Archbishop Alemany sent a letter to Fr. Maraschi, SJ, pastor of St. Ignatius Church, announcing that St. Ignatius Church would lose its parish status. The church did not regain its status as a parish until 1994.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1865        Oct 2, Former Confederate General Robert E. Lee became president of Washington and Lee University in Virginia.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1866        Oct 2, J. Osterhoudt patented a tin can with key opener.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1869        Oct 2, Mohandas Karamchad Gandhi (d.1948), called Mahatma, Hindu nationalist, political and spiritual leader was born in Porbandar, India. His nonviolent actions helped to eradicate British rule in India. He was assassinated in 1948. "Love is the strongest force the world possesses, and yet it is the humblest imaginable." [see Oct 3]
    (AHD, 1971, p.542)(HFA, '96, p.40)(SFC, 1/31/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/2/97)(AP, 1/12/98)(HN, 10/2/98)

1870        Oct 2, The papal states voted in favor of union with Italy. The capital was moved from Florence to Rome.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1871        Oct 2, Cordell Hull, Secretary of State for President Franklin Roosevelt who promoted cooperation with the Soviet Union against Adolf Hitler, was born.
    (HN, 10/2/98)
1871        Oct 2, Mormon leader Brigham Young, 70, was arrested for polygamy. He was later convicted, but the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the conviction.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1879        Oct 2, Wallace Stevens, poet, was born.
    (HN, 10/2/00)
1879        Oct 2, A dual alliance was formed between Austria and Germany, in which the two countries agreed to come to the other's aid in the event of aggression.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1890        Oct 2, Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx (d.1977), American comedian, was born. Although there is some discrepancy about the exact date, Groucho was most likely born on this date in New York. He later went on to host the television quiz show "You Bet Your Life." He began singing as a boy and then performed wisecracking comedy on stage and screen with his brothers (Chico, Harpo, Zeppo and Gummo). Groucho also had radio shows, wrote books and screenplays, and became the most famous Marx Brother for his mustached, cigar-smoking persona and lines like, "I sent the club a wire stating, ‘please accept my resignation. I don’t want to belong to any club that will accept me as a member.’" "There’s one way to find out if a man is honest—ask him. If he says ‘yes,’ you know he is crooked." Groucho Marx died in 1977.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C15)(HNPD, 10/2/98)(AP, 10/2/97)

1895        Oct 2, The 1st cartoon comic strip was printed in a newspaper. [see May, 1895]
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1900        Oct 2, William A. ‘Bud’ Abbot, comedian, was born. He was the straight man to Lou Costello.
    (HN, 10/2/00)

1901        Oct 2, Roy Campbell, poet, was born. His work included "The Flaming Terrapin."
    (HN, 10/2/00)
1901        Oct 2, The 1st Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1904        Oct 2, Graham Greene (d.1991), British author, was born. His work included "The Power and the Glory," "The Heart of the Matter" and "Ministry of Fear," which was made into a 1940s movie by Fritz Lang. "I didn't invent the world I write about- it's all true." In 2004 Norman sherry concluded his 3-volume biography: “The Life of Graham Greene."
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, DB p.44)(AP, 4/3/00)(HN, 10/2/00)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.E1)
   
1909        Oct 2, Orville Wright set an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet. This exceeded Hubert Latham's previous record of 508 feet.
    (HN, 10/2/98)
1909        Oct 2, Raymonde de Larouche (1918), Franch actress, flew a Voisin airplane during a taxiing lesson under Gabriel Voisin at Chalons, establishing the first recorded flight by a woman.
    (ON, 4/10, p.11)

1919        Oct 2, President Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed and Vice-President Thomas R. Marshall was urged to assume the presidency but he refused. It was Marshall who had earlier said: "What this country needs is a really good five-cent cigar." The quote was attributed to Marshall in 1920 by the SFEM.
    (DFP, 7/28/96, p.J1)(SFEM, 12/15/96, p.15)(AP, 10/2/97)

1920        Oct 2, Max Bruch, composer (Scottish Fantasy), died at 82.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1927        Oct 2, Svante Arrhenius (b.1859), Swedish scientist and Nobel Prize winner in chemistry (1903), died in Uppsala. At the turn of the century, Svante Arrhenius had calculated that emissions from human industry might someday bring a global warming.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lxu4w)(www.aip.org/history/climate/co2.htm)

1928        Oct 2, Clarence Barron (b.1855), author and president of Dow Jones & Co., died. Hugh Bancroft (1879-1933) succeeded him as president of Dow Jones.
    (www.newsbios.com/newslum/barron.htm)

1932        Oct 2, The NY Yankees won the World Series against the Chicago Cubs in 4 games.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1932_World_Series)

1933        Oct 2, Eugene O'Neill's comedy "Ah, Wilderness," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1936        Oct 2, Johnnie Cochran, attorney (OJ Simpson defense attorney), was born.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1939        Oct 2, The Benny Goodman Sextet recorded "Flying Home."
    (AP, 10/2/99)

1940        Oct 2, 17 German aircrafts were shot down above England.
    (MC, 10/2/01)
1940        Oct 2, The British liner Empress, loaded with refugees for Canada, sank.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1941        Oct 2, Gilbert Gable, mayor of Port Orford, Ore., announced with some pals that they were fed up of being neglected by legislators in Salem and Sacramento and began promoting a 51st state named Jefferson with Yreka as the capital.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A26)(AH, 2/05, p.20)
1941        Oct 2, Operation Typhoon, a German all-out drive against Moscow, began in earnest. In 2006 Rodric Braithwaite authored “Moscow 1941: A City and Its People at War."
    (AP, 10/2/97)(http://www.bartcop.com/arc4110.htm)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.95)
1941        Oct 2, 6 Paris synagogues were bombed by Gestapo. [see Oct 3]
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1942        Oct 2, The "Queen Mary" sliced the cruiser "Curacao" in half, killing 338.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1944        Oct 2, Nazi troops crushed the 2-month-old (63 days) Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter-million people were killed.
    (AP, 10/2/97)

1948        Oct 2, Donna Karan, fashion designer (Coty Award-1977), was born in Forest Hills, NY.
    (MC, 10/2/01)
1948        Oct 2, "Finian's Rainbow" closed at 46th St Theater NYC after 725 performances.
    (MC, 10/2/01)
1948        Oct 2, In New York the 1st Grand Prix at Watkins Glen was held. Cameron Argetsinger (1921-2008) was the main driving force behind the race which was won by Frank Griswold. Formula racing continued there until bankruptcy in 1981. Two year later Corning Glass Works revived the Watkins Glen race course in partnership with Int’l. Speedway Corp.
    (WSJ, 4/26/08, p.A6)(www.nascar.com/races/tracks/wgi/index.html)

1949        Oct 2, USSR recognized the People's Republic of China.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1950        Oct 2, The comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz (28), was syndicated to seven newspapers as "Li'l Folks." It started with only four characters: Charlie Brown, Peppermint Patty (Reichardt), Shermy and the world's most famous beagle, Snoopy. Schulz announced his retirement in 1999 with the last Peanuts to appear Feb 13, 2000.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.C1)(SFC, 12/15/99, p.E1)(AP, 10/2/08)
1950        Oct 2, Mao Tse Tung sent a telegram to Stalin. China intervened in Korea.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1952        Oct 2, Clive Barker, writer (Hellraiser, Lord of Illusions), was born.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1957        Oct 2, The World War II drama "The Bridge on the River Kwai," directed by David Lean, premiered in Britain. The film opened in the United States the following December.
    (AP, 10/2/07)

1958        Oct 2, Marie Stopes, birth control pioneer, died.
    (MC, 10/2/01)
1958        Oct 2, The former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence from France under the leadership of Sekou Toure.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/2/97)

1959        Oct 2, Rod Serling's "The Twilight Zone" made its debut on CBS-TV.
    (AP, 10/2/99)

1961        Oct 2, The medical drama ``Ben Casey,'' starring Vince Edwards and Sam Jaffe, premiered on ABC.
    (AP, 10/2/01)

1963        Oct 2, Defense Sec. Robert McNamara told Pres. Kennedy in a cabinet meeting that: "We need a way to get out of Vietnam." McNamara proposed to replace the 16,000 US advisors with Canadian personnel.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A2)
1963        Oct 2, W. German Chancellor Adenauer condemned western grain shipments to USSR.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1964        Oct 2, Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1967        Oct 2, Thurgood Marshall, the first African-American Supreme Court justice, was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Marshall had previously been the solicitor general, the head of the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and a leading American civil rights lawyer.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1967)(AP, 10/2/97)(HN, 10/2/98)

1968        Oct 2, Pres. Johnson established Redwood National Park in northern California under Public Law 90-545. Congress created the Redwood National Park in California at a cost of $306 million. Large portions of the Arcata Redwood Corp. lands were detached to form sections of Redwood National Park. The land was initially assembled by Michigan timber baron Arthur Hill. His son, Harry Hill, built the French Renaissance townhouse that is now the Italian consulate.
    (www.eoearth.org/article/Redwood_National_Park,_United_States)(SFC, 9/9/97, p.A19)(SFEC, 12/5/99, p.T1)
1968        Oct 2, Pres. Johnson signed a bill establishing Washington state’s North Cascades National Park.
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Cascades_National_Park)
1968        Oct 2, The 2,650-mile Pacific Crest Trail, spanning Mexico to Canada, was designated a National Scenic Trail as part of the US National Trails System Act.
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Crest_Trail)
1968        Oct 2, US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas withdrew his nomination as chief justice. Six months later, he resigned from the court, admitting he'd made a financial deal with the Louis Wolfson Foundation.
    (http://hnn.us/articles/11753.html)
1968        Oct 2, In Mexico soldiers under Pres. Gustavo Diaz Ordaz used automatic weapons and killed some 300 students in the Mexico City Tlatelolco massacre prior to the start of the summer Olympics. The government said only 50 students were killed during gunfire that lasted 5 hours. Luis Echeverria, later president, was the interior minister and the man in charge of public security. He was called before a congressional committee in 1998. Evidence in 1999 confirmed that pre-positioned soldiers fired on the students. In 2002 a special prosecutor said he has found no evidence to support historians' claims that some 300 people died when army troops opened fire on demonstrators in 1968. He put the number killed at 38. A judge dismissed other genocide charges against Echeverria in July 2005, ruling that while he may have been responsible for a separate 1971 student massacre, he could not be tried because the statute of limitations had expired in 1985.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(SFC, 9/1/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 4/6/97, p.C12)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)(SFC, 2/4/98, p.C2,14)(WSJ, 9/10/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/28/99, p.A10)(AP, 8/5/02)(AP, 3/27/09)
1968        Oct 2, Marcel Duchamp (b.1887), French painter, died. He was known best for his 1915 "Nude Descending a Staircase."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.361)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Duchamp)

1970        Oct 2, A plane carrying the Wichita State Univ. football team crashed near Silver Plume, Colorado, killing 29 passengers as well as the Captain and Flight Attendant.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wichita_State_University_Crash)

1971        Oct 2, “Soul Train," an American musical variety TV program premiered and continued to 2006. It was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soul_Train)(SSFC, 5/18/14, Par p.2)

1973        Oct 2, Paavo "Flying Finn" Nurmi (b.1897), Finnish runner, died. He won a total of 9 Olympic gold medals and 3 silver medals between 1920 and 1928.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paavo_Nurmi)

1974        Oct 2, Nancy Wilcox, believed to have been a victim of the serial killer Ted Bundy (d.1989), disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah.
    (www.charleyproject.org/cases/w/wilcox_nancy.html)
1974        Oct 2, Pele (b.1940), Brazilian soccer player born as Edson Arantes do Nascimento, came out of retirement to join the NY Cosmos of the North American Soccer League. Steve Ross (1927-1992), chairman of Warner Brothers and founder of the Cosmos, offered him a reported $7 million for a 3-year contract. In 2006 Gavin Newsham authored “Once in a Lifetime: The Incredible Story of the New York Cosmos."
    (SFC, 6/26/06, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pel%C3%A9)

1975        Oct 2, President Ford welcomed Japan’s Emperor Hirohito to the United States.
    (AP, 10/2/00)
1975        Oct 2, Armand Hammer (1898-1992) pleaded guilty to three misdemeanor charges of making illegal contributions in the names of other persons to the 1972 Nixon re-election campaign.
    (WSJ, 6/29/00, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/4nv5yw)

1978        Oct 2, Syrian troops pounded Christian districts of Beirut with heavy artillery and rocket fire early today, and right-wing officials said Lebanese militias were fighting back with every weapon they had.
    (http://archive.gulfnews.com/indepth/30thyear/onthisday/10157571.html)

1980        Oct 2, US Rep. Michael "Ozzie" Myers, D-Pa., convicted of accepting a bribe in the FBI's ABSCAM sting operation, was expelled from the House, becoming the first congressman ousted by his colleagues since the outbreak of the Civil War.
    (AP, 10/2/05)

1981        Oct 2, In Iran Hojjatoleslam Ali Khamenehi was elected president.
    (www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-6395.html)

1982        Oct 2, A truck bomb in Tehran killed 60 and injured 700. Authorities blamed ''American mercenaries.''
    (http://tinyurl.com/2j23lb)
1982        Oct 2, The Indian guru Swami Muktananda (b.1908) died. He had opened meditation centers in the US during the 1970s and attracted some 20,000 devotees. In 1983 he was charged posthumously with seducing young girls and stashing funds in a Swiss bank account.
    (SFC, 6/15/05, p.A1)(www.leavingsiddhayoga.net/secret.htm)

1984        Oct 2, Richard W. Miller became the first FBI agent to be arrested and charged with espionage. Miller was tried three times; he was sentenced to 20 years in prison, but was released after nine years.
    (AP, 10/2/04)

1985        Oct 2, Rock Hudson (b.1925), film star, died at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif. after a battle with AIDS. Upon his death it was publicly made known that he had been a closet homosexual. Marc Christian McGinnis (1953-2009), Hudson’s lover, soon sued Hudson’s estate alleging emotional distress. In 1989 a jury awarded him $21.75 million in damages, but this was later reduced to $5.5 million and settled in 1991. McGinnis never contracted AIDS, but died of pulmonary problems. 
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.C14)(AP, 10/2/97)(SSFC, 12/6/09, p.C8)

1986        Oct 2, In India Sikhs attempted to assassinate Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1991).
    (http://tinyurl.com/yjyxzh)

1987        Oct 2, On Capitol Hill, more Democratic senators lined up against Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork as President Reagan continued to lobby undecided lawmakers on behalf of his candidate for the high court.
    (AP, 10/2/97)
1987        Oct 2, Peter Brian Medawar, Brazilian-born English medical scientist, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Medawar)

1988        Oct 2, The Summer Olympic Games concluded in Seoul, South Korea. The USSR won 55 gold medals, E. Germany won 37, and the US won 36.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.4)(HN, 10/2/98)
1988        Oct 2, An Olympic scandal involved American boxer Roy Jones, who was robbed of a gold medal at the Olympic Games in Seoul, when he lost a split decision to South Korea's Park Si-Hun despite outpunching his opponent 86-32. Three judges who voted for the Korean were later suspended.
    (AP, 9/23/11)(http://www.youtube.com/all_comments?v=T-8IS94GFyY)

1989        Oct 2, Nearly 10,000 people marched through Leipzig, East Germany, demanding legalization of opposition groups and adoption of democratic reforms in the country's largest protest since 1953.
    (AP, 10/2/99)

1990        Oct 2, President Bush, trying to muster acceptance for a $500 billion package of tax increases and spending cuts, asked Americans in a televised address to support the plan.
    (AP, 10/2/00)
1990        Oct 2, The US Senate voted 90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 10/2/97)

1991        Oct 2, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide asked the Organization of American States in Washington to send a delegation to his homeland to demand that the newly installed military junta surrender power immediately.
    (AP, 10/2/01)

1992        Oct 2, The campaigns of President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton agreed to hold three presidential debates and one vice-presidential debate.
    (AP, 10/2/97)
1992        Oct 2, In Brazil Col. Ubiratan Guimaraes led the "Carandiru massacre," where 111 inmates where killed during a raid to quell a prison riot in Sao Paulo. Guimaraes was convicted in 2001 and sentenced to 632 years in prison, but awaited a 2nd  trial. In 2006 Guimaraes (63) was murdered at his apartment in Sao Paulo. In April, 2013, 23 police officers were each sentenced to 156 years in jail. Dozens more faced trial.
    (SFC, 9/21/98, p.A14)(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A18)(AP, 9/11/06)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.48)(SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A4)

1993        Oct 2, Henry Ringling North (83), circus owner (Ringling Bros Circus), died at a Swiss hospital.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cgbza)
1993        Oct 2, Hundreds of opponents of Russian President Boris Yeltsin battled police in Moscow and set up burning barricades in the biggest clash of Russia's 12-day-old political crisis.
    (HN, 10/2/98)
1993        Oct 2, In Son La, Vietnam, 53 members of the Thai minority died in a mass suicide organized by Ca Van Lieng, leader of a doomsday cult.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A19)

1994        Oct 2, U.S. soldiers in Haiti detained several leaders of the country's pro-army militias as part of an effort to dismantle armed opposition to restoration of elected rule.
    (AP, 10/2/99)
1994        Oct 2, Harriet Nelson (85), actress (The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet), died of heart failure in Laguna Beach, Ca.
    (AP, 10/2/04)   

1995        Oct 2, O.J. Simpson’s jurors stunned the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in the sensational eight-month murder trial in less than four hours. The decision was kept secret until the following day, when it was announced that Simpson had been acquitted. Simpson was acquitted in the double-murder of his wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)(AP, 10/2/00)

1996        Oct 2, Mark Fuhrman was given three years' probation and fined $200 after pleading no contest to perjury for denying at O.J. Simpson's criminal trial that he had used a certain racial slur in the past decade.
    (AP, 10/2/97)
1996        Oct 2, The US Army prepared to shift 5,000 troops to Bosnia from Germany for 6-months to protect troops slated to leave.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, The EU said that it will challenge the US Helms-Burton law in a new court of world trade.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, The US meeting between Benjamin Netanyahu, Yasser Arafat and King Hussein ended with no specific issues resolved in the recent Middle East flare-up between Palestinians and Jews.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, In Bulgaria former PM Andrei Lukanov was assassinated. It was said that he had new proofs of corruption in the highest power circles. In 2003 5 men were convicted and sentenced to life in prison without chance of parole.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 11/28/03)
1996        Oct 2, Mexican and US authorities captured 5 alleged hit men of the Arellan Felix brothers drug cartel in a series of raids in Mexico and California.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, The AeroPeru flight 603, a Boeing 757, crashed shortly after takeoff into the Pacific and all 61 passengers and nine crew members were killed. The pilot claimed loss of navigational equipment just before the crash.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)(AP, 10/2/97)

1997        Oct 2, President Clinton proposed sending inspectors to farms around the world to ensure that foreign-grown fruits and vegetables are safe for American consumers. The president also said he would ask Congress to empower the Food and Drug Administration to ban produce from countries whose safety precautions do not meet American standards.
    (HN, 10/2/98)
1997        Oct 2, A Navy F-14 Tomcat fighter jet crashed off the coast of N. Carolina. One crew member was rescued but the pilot was still missing.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 2, In California some 200 police, FBI, IRS and DEA agents swept over 18 homes and business in Oakland, Hayward and San Leandro and seized 73 kilograms of cocaine valued at $70 million. Some 22 people were arrested in the drug and smuggling ring culminating a 3-month investigation.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A19)
1997        Oct 2, In Algeria attackers killed 20 members of a wedding party in Blida.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 2, In Azerbaijan a helicopter with 20 passengers crashed near an offshore oil platform and no survivors were found.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 2, In Brazil thousands turned out to greet Pope John Paul II for the start of his 4-day visit.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B2)
1997        Oct 2, The EU formally set up a common foreign and security policy in the Amsterdam Treaty. It set to adopt key asylum and immigration measures within five years of the treaty's entry into force, expected in 1999.
    (Econ, 8/26/06, p.42)(http://hrw.org/worldreport/Helsinki-28.htm)

1998        Oct 2, The House released 4,600 pages of evidence that detailed President Clinton's efforts to contain the Monica Lewinsky scandal as it erupted.
    (AP, 10/2/99)
1998        Oct 2, Gene Autry (b.1907), America’s first singing cowboy and former owner of the Anaheim Angels, died at age 91 in Studio City, CA. He made 96 films and cut 635 records including "Back in the Saddle Again." His comic sidekick was Smiley Burnette and his horse was named Champion. His career spanned some 60 years. Autry is the only entertainer to have earned five stars on the commemorative sidewalk for his work in radio, records, film, television, and live theatrical performance.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/98, p.A18)(SFEC, 12/20/98, Z1 p.5)(HNQ, 7/26/01)
1998        Oct 2, In Europe the new "Swatchmobile," a 2-seater plastic car by Daimler-Benz, made its debut. The Smart car was to sell for $8,500 and was rated at 59 miles per gallon.
    (WSJ, 10/2/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 2, In Japan the parliament passed bills to provide $74 billion in taxpayer money to help banks recover from bad loans.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 2, In Mongolia Sanjaasurangiin Zorig (36), who helped oust the Communist regime in 1990, was assassinated. He was stabbed and hacked with a knife and an ax. It was seen as a move to silence pro-democracy officials.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A17)

1999        Oct 2, The controversial art show "Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection" opened at the Brooklyn Museum of Art. Mayor Giuliani withheld the museum's monthly city subsidy and started eviction proceedings. The show included Chris Ofili's "The Holy Virgin Mary" fashioned with some elephant dung.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 2, The US and Russia opened a new video-conferencing center in Moscow to allow real-time links with the White House.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A17)
1999        Oct 2, Bo Mya, leader of the Karen National Union, said he would grant sanctuary to the Burmese students who were flown to the Thai-Burma following a 26 hour takeover of the Burmese Embassy in Thailand.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A25)
1999        Oct 2, In India 6 people, including 4 police personnel, were killed as national elections began in Tripura state.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A23)
1999        Oct 2, From Kenya it was reported that the flamingos of Lake Nakuru had migrated away to other locations. Environmental stress from industrial refuse and other wastes was blamed. Fluctuating salinity was also suspect in that flamingoes feed on the algae spirulina platensis, which blooms in saline waters. It was later reported that tens of thousands of flamingos on Lake Bogoria had died since July due to heavy metals.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/4/00, p.A8)
1999        Oct 2, Russian troops engaged Chechen guerrilla defenders as armored columns rolled into the villages of Alpatova and Chernokosova.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A22)
1999        Oct 2, In the Ukraine Natalia Vitrenko of the leftist Progressive Socialist Party was wounded in a grenade attack at a campaign meeting in Inguletsk.
    (WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A)

2000        Oct 2, Pres. Clinton signed into law the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) as Title 1 of the Trade and Development Act of 2000. It offered tangible incentives for African countries to continue their efforts to open their economies and build free markets.
    (www.agoa.gov/)(http://tinyurl.com/3yj69b)
2000        Oct 2, Virginia Gov. James Gilmore granted an absolute pardon to Earl Washington Jr., 17 years after the mentally retarded man was convicted for the rape and homicide of a mother of 3. An initial 1994 DNA test indicated another man in the case. A new DNA test identified a convicted rapist. In 2006 a federal jury awarded $2.25 million to Washington.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A4)(SFC, 5/6/06, p.A3)
2000        Oct 2, Britain’s 1st bill of rights went into effect.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 2, Israeli troops fired on protesting Arabs. 19 people were killed in the West Bank and Gaza and another 7 in Arab towns of northern Galilee. The 4 day toll rose to 48 dead and over 1,300 wounded. In 2003 the Or Commission blamed the government of PM Barak for not paying attention to rising discontent among Israel’s Arabs. In 2005 Israeli authorities, citing lack of evidence, said they would not file charges against any police officers for the killings of 13 Arabs during the October, 2000, riots.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/05, p.A3)
2000        Oct 2, In the Philippines soldiers freed 12 Christian evangelists from Abu Sayyaf rebels after one escaped and alerted the military. The guerrillas escaped with 5 remaining hostages.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A8)
2000        Oct 2, In Serbia the opposition staged a general strike as Pres. Milosevic went on national TV and called on his countrymen to re-elect him. In his first public address since a disputed election, Milosevic branded his opponents puppets of the West. A wave of unrest aimed at driving him from power swept Yugoslavia, and the government responded by arresting dozens of strike leaders.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A8)(AP, 10/2/01)
2000        Oct 2, In Sri Lanka a suspected suicide bomber killed at least 19 people at a political rally.
    (WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A1)

2001        Oct 2, NATO Secretary-General Lord Robertson said the United States had provided "clear and conclusive" evidence of Osama bin Laden's involvement in the attacks on New York and Washington.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A4)(AP, 10/2/02)
2001        Oct 2, Acting Massachusetts Gov. Jane Swift unveiled security measures that included a new security chief at Logan International Airport, where hijackers boarded the two planes that smashed into the World Trade Center.
    (AP, 10/2/02)
2001        Oct 2, The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates for a 9th time and reduced the federal funds rate to 2.5%, its lowest level since 1962. The DJIA rose 113 to 8,950. The Nasdaq rose 11 to 1,492.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A1,D2)
2001        Oct 2, A US Treasury Dept official reported that over $100 million of suspected terrorist assets had been frozen in domestic and foreign banks since the Sep 11 attacks.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 2, India demanded that Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw the group and to freeze its assets.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 2, Palestinian gunmen attacked an Israeli settlement in Gaza and killed a teenage couple. At least 15 others were wounded. 2 gunmen were killed by Israeli sharpshooters.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 2, In Russia Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov signed a weapons framework agreement with Iranian Defense Minister Ali Shamkhani for as much as $300 million.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001        Oct 2, Farouk al-Sharaa, Syrian foreign minister, said Syria is determined to help the int’l. effort to combat terrorism. He added that to achieve that goal, terrorism’s roots and causes would have to be addressed.
    (WSJ, 10/3/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 2, Cash-strapped Swissair shut down flight operations and stranded thousands of passengers around the globe.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.D3)

2002        Oct 2, Andrew Fastow (40), the former chief financial officer of Enron Corp. was charged with securities, wire and mail fraud, money laundering and conspiring to inflate Enron's profits and enrich himself at the company’s expense. On Sep 26, 2006, Fastow was sentenced to 6 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/2/02)(SFC, 9/27/06, p.C1)
2002        Oct 2, The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the Democratic Party could replace Sen. Torricelli on the November ballot with former senator Frank Lautenberg.
    (AP, 10/2/03)
2002        Oct 2, West Coast dockworkers and shippers agreed to federal mediation as the 4-day lockout paralyzed 29 ports.
    (SFC, 10/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 2, James Martin (55) was shot to death by a sniper in Wheaton, Md. He was the 1st to die at the hands of a local serial killer. The next day, five people in the Washington D.C. area were shot dead, setting off a frantic manhunt. John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo were later arrested for 10 killings and three woundings; Muhammad has been sentenced to death, Malvo to life in prison.
    (NW, 10/21/02, p.28)(AP, 10/2/07)
2002        Oct 2, Norman O. Brown (89), author of "Life Against Death" (1959), died in Santa Cruz, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/7/02, p.A19)
2002        Oct 2, Bosnian Serb wartime leader Biljana Plavsic, one of the highest-ranking suspects at the U.N. war crimes tribunal, pleaded guilty to one count of crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 10/2/02)
2002        Oct 2, Iraq said it would not accept any new U.N. resolution to cover the operations of arms inspectors on its soil and vowed it would hit back hard against any U.S. attack on Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/02)
2002        Oct 2, In the Philippines a bomb killed an American soldier in Zamboanga and was detonated by a Filipino on a motorcycle who died in the blast that killed one other person.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)(WSJ, 10/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 2, In northern Syria mountain homes collapsed after caves beneath them gave way in the Sawad Hill district. 31 people were killed and 22 injured.
    (AP, 10/2/02)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A9)

2003        Oct 2, The annual Ig Noble prizes were awarded at Harvard Univ.
    (SFC, 10/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 2, South Africa's J.M. Coetzee, whose stories tell of innocents and outcasts oppressed by the cruel weight of history, won the 2003 Nobel Prize for literature. His books included "Dusklands" (1974), "In the heart of the Country" (1977), "Waiting for the Barbarians" (1980), "Life and Times of Michael K" (1983) and "Disgrace" (1999).
    (AP, 10/2/03)(WSJ, 10/14/03, p.D10)
2003        Oct 2, The US House voted 281-142 to prohibit doctors from carrying out what abortion opponents call partial birth abortion.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2003        Oct 2, The Los Angeles Times published allegations that California gubernatorial candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger had sexually harassed six women in the past; the actor acknowledged "bad behavior" on his part, and apologized.
2003        Oct 2, John Dunlop (89), former Labor Secretary died.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2003        Oct 2, In Bahrain assailants hurled gasoline bombs at a busload of police officers, wounding five of them.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 2, Two Canadian peacekeepers were killed and three were injured in a land-mine blast in the Afghan capital Kabul.
    (Reuters, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 2, In Haiti police trying to raid a shantytown touched off a gunfight that killed five men in the city of Gonaives.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 2, North Korea said it is using plutonium extracted from spent nuclear fuel rods to make atomic weapons.
    (AP, 10/2/03)
2003        Oct 2, Pakistan's army launched its largest offensive against al-Qaida and other militants in a rugged tribal region bordering Afghanistan, killing at least 12 suspects.
    (AP, 10/2/03)

2004        Oct 2, The Loveparade, which originated in Berlin in 1989, came to San Francisco for its 1st annual bash. Matthias Roeingh, founder, was on hand.
    (SSFC, 10/3/04, p.B1)
2004        Oct 2, IMF and World Bank officials in Washington DC failed to resolve their differences over debt relief for the world's poorest countries and Iraq while expressing concern about the impact high oil prices would have on a strengthening global economy.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 2, Afghan intelligence agents backed by international peacekeepers arrested 25 people allegedly linked to the Taliban and al-Qaida in an early morning raid in eastern Kabul.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2004        Oct 2, In Ontario, Canada, a record 1,446 pound pumpkin was unveiled.
    (SFC, 10/12/04, p.B1)
2004        Oct 2, Two US ships carrying 300 pounds of plutonium were scheduled to dock in Cherbourg, France. A French nuclear factory planned to transform it into fuel assemblies and return it next year to Charleston, SC.
    (SFC, 10/1/04, p.A15)
2004        Oct 2, In Haiti authorities recovered the decapitated bodies of three policemen, among at least seven people killed in a 2nd day of violence. Aristide supporters demanded his return from exile in South Africa, launching what they called "Operation Baghdad."
    (AP, 10/2/04)(AP, 10/6/04)
2004        Oct 2, In northeast India a spate of bombings and gun attacks in crowded public places killed 73 people in markets and a railroad station across Assam and Nagaland states.
    (SSFC, 10/3/04, p.A8)(AP, 10/2/05)
2004        Oct 2, A militant group in Iraq claimed in an Internet statement that it abducted and beheaded an Iraqi construction contractor who worked on a U.S. military base.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 2, About 100,000 Kurds demonstrated outside provincial government offices, demanding that the turbulent, oil hub of Kirkuk be made part of the autonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2004        Oct 2, Israeli troops killed 10 Palestinian militants, as the military expanded one of its largest offensives against Palestinian militants in four years of fighting.
    (AP, 10/2/04)(SSFC, 10/3/04, p.A11)
2004        Oct 2, In Lebanon a military prosecutor has charged 35 Arab nationals and alleged members of an al-Qaida-linked terror group with plotting to bomb foreign targets, including the Italian and Ukrainian diplomatic missions.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2004        Oct 2, In eastern Pakistan thousands of minority Shiite Muslims rampaged through the city of Sialkot in a riot sparked by a suicide bombing at a Shiite mosque that killed 31 people.
    (AP, 10/2/04)
2004        Oct 2, Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels clashed in southeastern Turkey in fighting that killed two soldiers and a guerrilla.
    (AP, 10/3/04)

2005        Oct 2, In New York the 40-foot boat the Ethan Allen capsized on Lake George over so quickly that none of the 47 passengers from Michigan could put on a life jacket. 20 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Nipsey Russell (80), actor and comedian, died in NY. As the "poet laureate of television," he delivered his signature four-line verse during frequent guest appearances on TV game shows and talk shows. Russell launched his TV career in 1961 as Officer Anderson in the series "Car 54, Where are You?" He also appeared in the 1994 film version.
    (AP, 10/4/05) 
2005        Oct 2, Playwright August Wilson (60), whose epic 10-play cycle chronicling the black experience in 20th-century America included such landmark dramas as "Fences" and "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," died of liver cancer.
    (AP, 10/3/05)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.94)
2005        Oct 2, Afghan government forces killed 31 suspected Taliban militants near the eastern border with Pakistan. In a separate clash militants attacked a truck carrying supplies for U.S.-led coalition forces in Surobi district of eastern Paktia province, killing the truck driver. In fighting that followed, three more militants were killed and two arrested. Two Afghan army officers were wounded.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Afghan election officials said ballot boxes from about 4% of the country’s 26,000 polling stations were set aside for investigation on suspicion of fraud.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A8)
2005        Oct 2, The fragmented political opposition in Belarus chose Alexander Milinkevich (58), a former US-educated physicist, to challenge President Alexander Lukashenko in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, In western Colombia leftist FARC rebels attacked a police station in an isolated jungle town, killing at least five police officers.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, The US ambassador urged Colombia to spray weed killer inside the country's spectacular nature parks to destroy cocaine-producing crops, insisting the chemicals will not cause widespread damage to the reserves' ecosystems.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, A Dubai-based newspaper said it stands by a story in which it quoted Iran's president as saying he might curtail oil sales if his nation is referred to the UN Security Council for possible sanctions over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Voters in the German city of Dresden cast the last ballots in the inconclusive national election in what could offer a breakthrough in a bitter power struggle over who will be the next chancellor. The election there was postponed for two weeks due to the death of a neo-Nazi candidate. Conservative challenger Angela Merkel's party gained a seat in Dresden, the last remaining district in parliamentary balloting.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Hundreds of U.S. troops combed through a village near the Syrian border, breaking into houses and fighting sporadic gun battles with gunmen on the second day of a new offensive against al-Qaida insurgents. At least eight militants were killed.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed to have captured two US Marines participating in an offensive in western Iraq, threatening in a Web statement to kill them within 24 hours. The US military said the claim appeared to be fake.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Israel suspended its offensive into the Gaza Strip following a lull in rocket fire by Palestinian militants, but it is ready to restart the operation if attacks resume.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Libya awarded 44 oil exploration permits to predominantly Asian and European companies after a first batch was awarded earlier this year mainly to American firms.
    (AFP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Socrates met Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi in Tripoli, as Libya continues its bid to warm relations with the West.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Felipe Calderon, Mexico's former energy secretary, appeared headed toward another victory in the 2nd round of the ruling National Action Party's 3-part presidential primary.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2, Moroccan police began rounding up African refugees. Doctors Without Borders soon reported that Morocco had dropped about 1,000 people in the desert and left them there to walk for nearly a week. As a result, the government established the two holding centers at Touizgue and Berden for those people to find refuge.
    (AP, 10/18/05)   
2005        Oct 2, Assailants fired rockets at a Pakistani army base, killing a soldier and three government employees in a spate of violence in the lawless tribal area along the Afghan border.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 2, Hamas gunmen clashed with Palestinian security forces in the Gaza Strip. A police commander and a civilian were killed and at least 50 others were wounded.
    (SFC, 10/3/05, p.A8)
2005        Oct 2, Project leader Exxon Mobil corporation said Russia's massive Sakhalin-1 oil and gas field started pumping oil off the country's Pacific coast at the weekend.
    (AP, 10/2/05)
2005        Oct 2-2005 Oct 3, In Colombia suspected leftist rebels (FARC) killed at least 13 coca harvesters near Vistahermosa as part of a struggle with far-right paramilitary gangs for control of the lucrative cocaine trade.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2006        Oct 2, Bob Woodward’s new book “State of Denial: Bush at War. Part III," was published.
    (SFC, 9/30/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 2, In Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania, Charles Carl Roberts IV (32), a local truck driver, lined at least 11 girls against a blackboard and shot them in the head at a one-room Amish schoolhouse in Lancaster County. He shot himself as police stormed the schoolhouse. Two young students were killed, along with a female teacher's aide who was slightly older than the students. Seven others, most shot at point-blank range, were taken to hospitals, and two of them died early the next day.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(SFC, 10/3/06, p.A1)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.38)
2006        Oct 2, Americans Andrew Z. Fire and Craig C. Mello won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for discovering a powerful way to turn off the effect of specific genes, opening a new avenue for disease treatment.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Morgan Stanley said it has acquired China's Nan Tung Bank, a deal that would give the Wall Street giant a coveted onshore commercial banking license in China ahead of U.S. investment bank rivals.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Actress Tamara Dobson (59) died in Baltimore, Md.
    (AP, 10/2/07)
2006        Oct 2, In Afghanistan 9 people were killed in various Taliban attacks and bomb blasts. They included four Afghan soldiers killed when their vehicle struck a bomb in Paktia province and five civilians killed in a bomb blast in Musa Qala in Helmand province in the south. Two gunbattles in eastern Afghanistan killed four Afghan and two US troops. NATO prepared to assume military command of all of the country from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Preliminary results indicated that Bosnians elected new leaders, Milorad Dodik and Haris Silajdzic, split along ethnic lines over whether to further unify the country in a push toward European Union membership or allow Serbs to maintain their political distinctness.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.60)
2006        Oct 2, Georgia released four Russian officers whose arrest on spying charges prompted Moscow to announce sweeping travel and communications sanctions in the worst bilateral crisis in years.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Indian PM Manmohan Singh and South African President Thabo Mbeki signed a sweeping pact to buttress ties between the regional powerhouses. The Pretoria agreement was followed by the signing of a pact on cooperation in education and another between Indian Railways which runs one of the world's biggest networks and South African railway company Spoornet.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Smoke and ash from land-clearing fires in Indonesia blanketed a large swath of the country's west, sending air quality levels plummeting there and in neighboring Singapore and Malaysia.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Iraq’s Parliament extended the state of emergency as gunmen seized 14 employees from computer stores in downtown Baghdad in the second mass kidnapping in as many days. A police patrol was ambushed in southern Iraq by gunmen who killed two officers and injured three. At least 50 corpses were discovered scattered around Baghdad overnight. 4 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad in separate small-arms fire attacks. Another four were killed in a roadside bomb attack on their patrol northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Italian police said they had smashed an Algerian Islamic fundamentalist cell that gave logistical support to suspected militants in Algeria.
    (Reuters, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, Nicaragua lobbied for support for an $18 billion canal linking the Pacific and Atlantic, saying a second international waterway is needed to handle the world's booming shipping business.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Dozens of militants abducted 25 Nigerian oil workers in an attack on their convoy in the southern delta region. 5 soldiers were killed and 9 left missing when militants sank two boats used to guard a Shell convoy.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(WSJ, 10/3/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 2, In the Gaza town of Rafah gunbattles between Fatah and Hamas left 2 people dead and 14 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/3/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 2, Foreign Minster Ruben Ramirez said that Paraguay and Washington would not renew a defense-cooperation agreement for 2007 over the South American country's refusal to grant US troops inside Paraguay immunity from prosecution by the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Vladimir Kramnik of Russia and Veselin Topalov of Bulgaria played to a draw in Game 6 of the world chess championship after Kramnik agreed to resume competition after a dispute over bathroom breaks threatened to halt the tournament.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Turkey’s PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan began his latest push to keep EU membership hopes on track with a visit to Washington, where he received a key endorsement from the Bush administration. Turkey was the largest supplier of non-combat equipment to American forces in Iraq.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gvg4s)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.62)
2006        Oct 2, Thailand's respected central bank chief said he has agreed to join the interim Cabinet, a move that appeared likely to reassure the business community.
    (AP, 10/2/06)
2006        Oct 2, An informal UN poll showed that South Korea's foreign minister Ban Ki-Moon (67) has nearly full support from the Security Council, including its five veto-wielding members, and appears almost certain to succeed Kofi Annan as secretary-general of the United Nations.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 2, Zambia's Electoral Commission said that President Levy Mwanawasa was re-elected to a second term, collecting 43% of the votes cast in last week's balloting.
    (AP, 10/2/06)

2007        Oct 2, A draft report by the Government Accountability Office said Federal employees wasted at least $146 million over a one-year period on business- and first-class airline tickets, in some cases simply because they felt entitled to the perk.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 2, Blackwater chairman Erik Prince, testifying before the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, vigorously rejected charges that guards from his private security firm acted recklessly while protecting State Department personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2007        Oct 2, A federal jury in New York ordered the owners of the New York Knicks to pay $11.6 million to former team executive Anucha Browne Sanders, concluding she'd been sexually harassed and fired out of spite.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2007        Oct 2, Nasdaq agreed to acquire the Boston stock Exchange for about $61 million.
    (WSJ, 10/3/07, p.C3)
2007        Oct 2, In Colorado 5 workers trapped at least 1,500 feet underground survived an initial chemical fire at a hydroelectric plant near Georgetown, but died before emergency workers could rescue them.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 2, The new $800 million MGM Grand Casino opened in downtown Detroit. Across the street the old MGM Grand, which had opened in 1999, closed on Sep 30.
    (WSJ, 9/26/07, p.B1)
2007        Oct 2, George Grizzard (79), Tony Award-winning actor, died in New York.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2007        Oct 2, James Michaels (86), innovative editor of Forbes magazine (1961-1999), died.
    (www.nytimes.com/2007/10/04/business/04michaels.html)(WSJ, 10/6/07, p.A17)
2007        Oct 2, In Afghan a mother and her two children boarded a police bus in Kabul only seconds before a suicide bomber detonated his payload inside, an attack that killed 13 police and civilians. Taliban militants killed two policemen and destroyed a remote government office in central Afghanistan, as five Dutch troops were wounded in a clash in the country's south.
    (AP, 10/2/07)(AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 2, Australia’s Immigration Minister Kevin Andrews said that over the past two years the intake of Africans has been cut from 70% of the total of 13,000 refugees to just 30%.
    (AFP, 10/2/07)
2007        Oct 2, Magda Pniewska (26), a Polish woman, was shot in the head and died after being caught in the cross-fire between two gunmen in a residential street in London. On April 22, 2008, Armel Gnango (17) was convicted of murder for being involved in the gunfight.
    (AFP, 10/3/07)(AFP, 5/22/08)
2007        Oct 2, Canada’s Justice Minister Rob Nicholson said the government plans to criminalize identity theft to give police the ability to stop such activity before any fraud has actually been carried out.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 2, China’s Pres. Hu Jintao kicked off the 2007 Special Olympics in Shanghai as 7,500 athletes from over 165 countries entered the stadium before a crowd of 80,000.
    (WSJ, 10/3/07, p.B3A)
2007        Oct 2, Colombia's navy seized 2 tons of cocaine, most destined for the United States, in small packages labeled with the British flag from a truck on the country's Caribbean coast.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 2, The United Iraqi Alliance, the Shiite bloc of PM al-Maliki, demanded that the US military abandon its recruitment of Sunni tribesmen into the Iraqi police force. Britain's PM Brown arrived in Iraq to meet troops and lawmakers and announced plans to withdraw more than 1,000 troops from Iraq by year's end, and Iraq said it will take over security from British forces in the southern Basra province within two months. 11 people were killed, including two women, a child and four police officers, in five separate attacks, including a suicide car bombing at a police checkpoint near Khalis, 50 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/07)(SFC, 10/3/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 2, Israel completed the release of 86 Palestinian prisoners and soldiers briefly opened fire as family members rushed toward the prisoners at the Erez crossing in the Gaza Strip. 2 people were wounded. A blast in Gaza killed four people, including three Fatah activists and a bystander. Hamas accused Fatah of having tried to attack the security compound, saying explosives in the car apparently blew up prematurely.
    (SFC, 10/3/07, p.A12)(AP, 10/3/07)(WSJ, 10/3/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 2, Myanmar's reclusive junta leader, Senior Gen. Than Shwe, finally granted an audience to a UN envoy hoping to broker an end to Myanmar's crackdown on pro-democracy protesters.
    (AP, 10/2/07)
2007        Oct 2, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il showed scant enthusiasm for the visiting South Korean president, while orchestrated crowds of thousands cheered the start of the second summit between the divided Koreas since World War II.
    (AP, 10/2/07)
2007        Oct 2, Pakistan agreed to grant ex-premier Benazir Bhutto an amnesty on corruption charges. Opposition legislators resigned to undercut President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's re-election bid, but the Pakistani leader pushed ahead with plans for an expected victory, naming Gen. Ashfaq Kayani, a former spymaster, to head the military in his place.
    (AP, 10/2/07)(AFP, 10/2/07)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.48)
2007        Oct 2, A group of elder statesmen, including former President Carter and Nobel peace laureate Desmond Tutu, began a tour of Darfur to promote a political solution to the region's conflict.
    (AP, 10/2/07)
2007        Oct 2, Thailand's coup leader General Sonthi Boonyaratglin was officially named a deputy prime minister, but he denied that his appointment to the cabinet was an attempt to cling to power.
    (AP, 10/2/07)
2007        Oct 2, Shop owners said Zimbabwe's supermarkets have run out of bread after bakers were forced to suspend their operations due to a critical shortage of wheat.
    (AFP, 10/2/07)

2008        Oct 2, US vice presidential candidates held their only debate prior to elections. Alaska’s Gov. Sarah Palin often spoke in generalities. Delaware Sen. Joe Biden was generally focused and forceful, and seemed to take painstaking care not to appear disrespectful in the least.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 2, The US FBI arrested Puerto Rico Sen. Jorge de Castro Font (45) for providing political favors in exchange for cash and services totaling roughly half a million dollars. He was indicted by a federal grand jury on 31 criminal counts including bribery, wire fraud and money laundering.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2008        Oct 2, A new report suggested that HIV, the AIDS virus, originated in Africa between 1884 and 1924. Earlier estimates had put the date around 1930. A new estimate of how many Americans have the AIDS virus put the number at about 1.1 million.
    (SFC, 10/2/08, p.A3)(Reuters, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 2, Bolivian state media reported that President Evo Morales has rejected a request from the US Drug Enforcement Administration to fly anti-narcotics missions over the South American nation's territory.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 2, Britain’s Beckley Foundation, a charity which numbers senior experts and other academics among its advisors, reported that cannabis is less harmful than alcohol or tobacco, and called for a "serious rethink" of drug policy.
    (AFP, 10/2/08)(www.beckleyfoundation.org/aboutus/)
2008        Oct 2, General Vladimir Zagorec was extradited from Austria to Croatia on charges of stealing gems used a collateral in an arms deal during the Balkan wars of the 1990s. 4 days later his lawyer’s daughter Ivana Hodak (26) was murdered.
    (Econ, 11/1/08, p.61)
2008        Oct 2, Suicide bombers targeted Shiite worshippers as they left morning prayers at two Baghdad mosques, killing 24 people and injuring 50 others. Gunmen fatally shot six Sunnis as they traveled in a minibus in the mainly Shiite town of Wajihiyah, 60 miles north of Baghdad. A suicide bomber in western Baghdad wounded four American soldiers and 2 Iraqis.
    (AP, 10/2/08)(WSJ, 10/3/08, p.A14)
2008        Oct 2, India’s ban on smoking in public places became effective, leaving public health officials with a much tougher task: get the nation's estimated 120 million smokers to stub out their cigarettes.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2008        Oct 2, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up near the house of politician Asfandyar Wali Khan, who was receiving guests to mark the end of the Islamic fasting month at his home in Charsadda, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2008        Oct 2, Choi Jin-sil (39), one of South Korea's most popular actresses, was found dead in an apparent suicide after suffering from post-divorce depression and harassment by online rumors about her allegedly irregular financial dealings.
    (AP, 10/2/08)
2008        Oct 2, Sri Lanka’s air force bombed the offices of the rebel peace secretariat, the headquarters for its negotiating team in long-defunct peace talks. Scattered battles killed 42 rebel fighters and two soldiers.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2009        Oct 2, President Barack Obama, while in Copenhagen, met with General Stanley McChrystal, the top commander of US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, for the first time since McChrystal presented a grim assessment of the war effort and requesting more troops.
    (Reuters, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, Michael David Barrett (48), accused of taping surreptitious nude videos of ESPN reporter Erin Andrews, was arrested at O’Hare Airport as he arrived on a flight from Buffalo, NY. He faced federal charges of interstate stalking for taking the videos, trying to sell them to celebrity Web site TMZ and posting the videos online. On March 15, 2010, Barrett was sentenced to 2½ years in prison.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(SFC, 3/16/10, p.A5)
2009        Oct 2, In San Francisco the Hardly Strictly Bluegrass 9 free music festival, financed by investment banker Warren Hellman, opened for a 3 day session.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.C2)
2009        Oct 2, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a US convoy, killing two American soldiers. Militants attacked a convoy of empty trucks returning to Pakistan after delivering supplies to a NATO base in Kunar province of eastern Afghanistan. One driver was killed, three were wounded and 13 trucks were burned. An Afghan policeman conducting a joint operation with US soldiers opened fire on the Americans, killing two of them before fleeing in Wardak province. A third US service member died of wounds from a bomb attack in Wardak the day before.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, An Australian woman was sentenced to life in prison for the starvation death of her 7-year-old daughter. The woman was convicted of murder in June. Her husband, convicted at the same time of manslaughter in his daughter's death, was sentenced to 16 years imprisonment. The girl, known as Ebony, weighed barely 20 pounds (9kg) when she died in November, 2007.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In Canada "Toronto 18" member Mohamed Dirie was sentenced to seven years in jail for his role in a plot to bomb Toronto landmarks in 2006, the second member of the group to be given jail time.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, Chechen forces engaged in a 2-hour gunbattle with militants leaving 8 insurgents dead.
    (SFC, 10/3/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 2, In Denmark the IOC opened a meeting hearing the cases led by government leaders and kings to win the right to stage the 2016 Olympic Games. US Pres. Obama spoke for Chicago, Japan's new PM Yukio Hatoyama spoke for Tokyo, Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva spoke for Rio de Janeiro, and Spain's King Juan Carlos and PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero spoke for Spain. Brazil won the bid.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, In England a Sikh policeman was awarded 10,000 pounds in compensation by a tribunal after bosses ordered him to remove his turban for riot training.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In France Armenia's President Serge Sarkisian started his tour of Armenian communities worldwide amid violent protests from members of a diaspora angry over plans to establish ties with Turkey.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In southern India flash floods and heavy rains killed at least 172 people in the state of Karnataka and 50 in neighboring Andhra Pradesh. One more person was killed in the southern seaside resort state of Goa as heavy rains resulted in the collapse of 250 houses. Fifty of the victims drowned when a rescue boat capsized.
    (AFP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 2, A boat carrying about 100 asylum seekers left an Indonesian port bound for Australia but never arrived. The information was made public in May, 2010, by Australian Customs and Border Protection Service chief executive Michael Carmody during a routine Senate inquiry into government operations.
    (AP, 5/25/10)
2009        Oct 2, Ireland voted 67% to 33% in favor of the EU's Lisbon Treaty, overturning a previous no vote and taking a key step towards ending the 27-nation bloc's deadlock.
    (AFP, 10/3/09)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.25)
2009        Oct 2, In Italy rivers of mud unleashed by heavy rains overnight flooded parts of the Sicilian city of Messina, leaving at least 22 people dead while sweeping away cars and collapsing buildings. 40 people remained missing.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 2, Hamas militants traded a two-minute video showing an apparently unharmed Sgt. Gilad Schalit, a captured Israeli soldier, for 19 Palestinian women held in Israeli jails, the first tangible step toward defusing a key flashpoint in Israeli-Palestinian hostilities.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In Mexico gunmen killed eight people in five separate attacks, including a state policewoman who was shot in the head in broad daylight in a residential area. In Ciudad Juarez at least 11 people, including two police officers and a child, were killed over the last 24 hours. A Mexican Air force plane crashed in President Felipe Calderon's home state of Michoacan, killing three soldiers. Federal officials announced 2 raids by security forces that netted the largest seizures of methamphetamine precursor chemicals in the country's history. Agents seized 20 tons of chemicals at Manzanillo port in the Pacific coast state of Colima and 17 tons in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, across from Laredo, Texas.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) sacked the managing directors of three banks which it said were in "grave situation", seven weeks after it applied similar sanctions to the heads of five other banks.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, Pakistan's paramilitary forces said that they had killed 27 more militants, including two commanders, in Khyber.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, In Puerto Rico some 500 law officers swarmed into a public housing project and other sites to dismantle a trafficking ring allegedly run by the island's top drug suspect, Angel Ayala Vazquez, a man described as an aspiring Robin Hood and a patron to reggaeton stars. Ayala, better known as "Angelo Millones," was captured last month following a seven-year investigation.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, Six Senegalese soldiers were killed and three wounded in an attack near the border of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. The soldiers were in a vehicle returning to their base in the southern Casamance region east of its capital Ziguinchor when their vehicle was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, Somali pirates hijacked the Alakrana, a Spanish tuna trawler, with a 36-member crew in the Indian Ocean 415 miles (670km) from the Seychelles islands. Two days later Spanish naval forces, taking part in the EU anti-piracy mission, captured two suspected pirates as they tried to travel ashore to Somalia from the Alakrana in a skiff. All of the crew were released safe and sound 47 days later after a ransom of four million dollars was paid.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 11/5/09)(AFP, 9/24/11)
2009        Oct 2, In Sri Lanka a schoolgirl (12) was killed by a car bomb in northwestern Sri Lanka that also wounded 12 others, mostly students who were about to travel in the vehicle.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In southern Sudan fighting broke out in an oil-rich area between forces loyal to an ex-warlord and the state’s governor.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AFP, 10/3/09)

2010        Oct 2, In Afghanistan at least three civilians were killed along with 17 insurgents in a NATO air strike targeting senior Taliban commanders in southern Helmand province. ISAF accidentally killed two civilians when insurgents attacked a military base in Baraki Barak district of Logar province south of Kabul.
    (Reuters, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 2, Australian PM Julia Gillard met the chief of international forces in Afghanistan and vowed support for the US-led mission in a surprise visit to troops on her first overseas trip as leader.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, Britain’s Druids hailed a semi-governmental Charity Commission’s decision to grant it charitable status just like mainstream religions such as the Church of England. The Druid Network, a group of about 350 Druids, will receive exemptions from taxes on donations.
    (AP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, China offered to buy Greek government bonds in a show of support for the country whose debt burden triggered a crisis for the euro zone and required an international bailout. Premier Wen Jiabao made the offer at the start of a two-day visit, where he says he expects to expand ties in all areas.
    (Reuters, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, In China 8 workers were killed and three others were injured when the residential building toppled in Xi'an, the capital of northwestern Shaanxi province.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 2, Ecuador agreed to raise wages in the armed forces by up to $35 million annually, days after soldiers battled rebel police to rescue President Rafael Correa from what he called a coup bid. Defense Minister Javier Ponce said it was chance the wage were agreed two days after the assault on Correa. He said the increases will cost $30 million to $35 million a year.
    (Reuters, 10/4/10)
2010        Oct 2, French families, students and private sector workers joined mass demonstrations against the government's pension reforms, and unions hoped as many as 3 million protesters would take to the streets.
    (Reuters, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, Guatemalan police captured a suspected drug trafficker wanted in the US for cocaine smuggling and seized nearly $2 million in cash that his brother was carrying in two bags. Mauro Ramirez Barrios, alias "The Purple One," was arrested in the southern town of San Bernardino after a four-day search. Ramirez, an alleged lieutenant of Juan Ortiz Lopez, was arrested two weeks after he escaped police during a shootout at a Guatemala City shopping mall that killed two officers.
    (AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 3/31/11)
2010        Oct 2, In central Indonesia a train crashed into another parked at a railway station, killing at least 36 people and injuring dozens, many seriously. The next day Transportation Minister Freddy Numberi said Halik Rudianto, the train’s engineer, had failed to stop at a red signal. Rudianto was arrested for negligence.
    (AP, 10/2/10)(AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 2, Visiting Iran Syrian President Bashar al-Assad assured Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad that their ties were solid, a view unlikely to please Washington which is working to isolate the Islamic state.
    (Reuters, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, Latvians went to the polls, as the Baltic nation emerges from a savage economic slump, with polls showing the Moscow-tied left being poised for big gains. PM Valdis Dombrovskis's center-right coalition took 63 seats in the 100-member parliament in the election. His Unity Party won 33 seats, while the Moscow-linked, left-wing Harmony Center won 29.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)(AP, 10/3/10)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.74)
2010        Oct 2, In Mexico 33 murders took place in Chihuahua state over the last 2 days with 9 of the dead in Ciudad Juarez. In the northeast an explosion at a plaza in Guadalupe injured 15 people. Authorities blamed the attack on drug cartels targeting the civilian population to cause chaos. In the northeast an explosion at a plaza in Guadalupe injured 15 people. Authorities blamed the attack on drug cartels targeting the civilian population to cause chaos.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)(AFP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/4/10)
2010        Oct 2, In Moroccan publisher Ahmed Benshemsi said his Arab-language weekly magazine Nichane has gone bankrupt and been forced to close because "the highest circles of power" had organized a boycott of advertisers. The boycott was launched in August last year after Nichane, its French-language stablemate Telquel and France's prestigious Le Monde conducted an opinion poll on the monarchy.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, In Pakistan 2 suspected American missile strikes killed 16 alleged militants in a northwestern tribal region, a sign the US is unwilling to stop using the tactic despite heightened tensions between the two countries over NATO's recent border incursions. Those killed were believed to be insurgents working for warlord Hafiz Gul Bahadur. Gunmen killed Farooq Khan, a moderate Islamic scholar who was the vice chancellor of Swat University, and his assistant.
    (AP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, Senior Palestinian politicians backed President Mahmoud Abbas' demand to link peace talks to restrictions on Israeli settlement building, delivering a new setback to bogged down US efforts to salvage the negotiations.
    (AP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, In Peru a small plane carrying British tourists crashed near the famed Nazca Lines, killing all six people on board.
    (AP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, At least seven Somali civilians were killed in a fire fight between African Union forces and hardline Islamist rebels.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)
2010        Oct 2, South African authorities arrested Henry Okah, an ex-leader of a militant group that claimed responsibility for the Oct 1 dual car bombing that killed 12 people in Nigeria. A day before the bombings, security agencies in South Africa had raided Okah's home and seized a laptop, though they did not arrest him. On Jan 21, 2013, a South African court found Okah guilty of masterminding the bombings. On March 26, 2013, Okah was sentenced to 24 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 1/21/13)(AP, 3/26/13)

2011        Oct 2, In Arizona Donald Lapre, a Phoenix-based TV pitchman charged with running a nationwide scheme to sell essentially worthless Internet-based businesses, was found dead in his cell at a Florence facility. The government has said at least 220,000 victims in the scheme were defrauded of nearly $52 million.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill that that will prevent local governments from banning male circumcision.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, In San Leandro, Ca., gunmen opened fire on a group of people leaving an unlicensed warehouse party killing 3 young people and wounding 3 others.
    (SFC, 10/3/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 2, The Afghan government urged neighboring Pakistan to take concrete steps to help end the Taliban insurgency and use its influence to bring the militants to direct peace talks.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Pirates armed with automatic weapons fired upon and boarded a chemical tanker off Benin before stealing cash, the latest in a wave of such attacks off West Africa.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, Cambodia’s government disaster agency said that flood waters along the Mekong River and other places have killed at least 150 people since August and damaged 670,000 acres of rice fields, as well as 904 schools and 361 Buddhist temples.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Cameroon police over the last two days arrested 126 protesters seeking independence for English-speaking Cameroon.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Greece said it would not meet a target for reducing its massive deficit, heaping fresh pressure on the eurozone crisis.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Iraq two roadside bombs killed four anti-al-Qaida Sunni militiamen In Mishahda 30 km north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu's office said Israel "welcomes the Quartet's call for direct negotiations between the parties without preconditions" but said it has unspecified "concerns" about the proposal. The plan by the Quartet of Mideast mediators calls for the resumption of talks and a deal within a year.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, The Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that Israeli writer Yoram Kaniuk has won a historic court victory granting his request to be officially registered as "without religion" rather than "Jewish." A Tel Aviv court sided with his demand, ruling last week that Israeli law allows citizens to be officially registered as having no religion.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Italy Allison Owens (23), of Columbus, Ohio, was killed by a car while jogging in Tuscany. Her body was found on Oct 5. The driver of a car turned himself in on Oct 6 after his vehicle was filmed on roadside anti-speeding cameras.
    (AP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/7/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Libyan civilians fled Kadhafi's besieged home town of Sirte as battles raged for the fugitive strongman's bastion. The Red Cross warned of a medical emergency. 4 fighters were killed in friendly fire.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, In northern Nigeria some 150 attackers raided Lingyado village, Zamfara state, going house to house to shoot people who came out to greet them. Others were slashed and stabbed to death by machetes. 19 people were reported killed. State police chief soon arrested seven people suspected of involvement in the raid.
    (AP, 10/2/11)(AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, Serbia's police detained six people and prevented a gathering of a pro-Russian far-right group that threatened to burn an EU flag and spit on the portrait of the US ambassador in Belgrade. Riot police were deployed in large number across Belgrade to enforce a ban on a gay pride event and anti-gay protests, fearing they would turn violent.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, In South Africa a tornado in Nigel in Gauteng province left an eight-year-old boy dead and injured 166 people. Over 150 houses were lost. Lightning killed two more people in the eastern province of KwaZulu-Natal.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, Syrian dissidents meeting in Turkey formally announced the creation of a broad-based council designed to overthrow President Bashar Assad's regime in what appeared to be the most serious step yet to unify a fragmented opposition. The 21-year-old son of Syria's top Sunni Muslim cleric was killed in an ambush in a restive northern area.
    (AP, 10/2/11)(AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 2, The government in Thailand said heavy floods have also killed 206 people since August.
    (AP, 10/2/11)
2011        Oct 2, Uganda’s first gay bar, the Sappho Islands, was padlocked by the landlord, who said the bar was noisy and attracted "strange" people.
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 2, In Yemen a seven-year-old girl was killed by a rocket that struck a school in central Sanaa.
    (AP, 10/4/11)

2012        Oct 2, The US Justice Dept. paid Illinois $165 million for the long-dormant Thomson prison. It was built for $140 million, but never opened because the state lacked the money to operate it.
    (SFC, 10/3/12, p.A7)
2012        Oct 2, The US National Institute for Public Health and the Environment said a salmonella outbreak traced to smoked salmon has sickened hundreds of people in the Netherlands and the United States. It has been traced to Dutch company Foppen, which sells fish to many major Dutch supermarkets and to stores around the world.
    (AP, 10/2/12)(http://tinyurl.com/m3wv4tr)
2012        Oct 2, US Border Patrol Agent Nicholas Ivie was shot dead and another wounded while on patrol in a drug smuggling corridor in Arizona, near the border with Mexico.
    (Reuters, 10/2/12)(AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 2, Pennsylvania's divisive voter identification requirement became the latest of its kind to get pushback from the courts ahead of Election Day, delivering a hard-fought victory to Democrats who said it was a ploy to defeat President Barack Obama and other opponents who said it would prevent the elderly and minorities from voting.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, Nguyen Chi Thien (73), Vietnamese poet, died in Orange County, Ca. In 1979 he managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as “Flowers of Hell" and won for him the Int’l. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)
2012        Oct 2, Designer brands were reported to be abandoning Argentina. Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy, owner of the Japanese label Kenzo, issued a statement blaming Argentina's "complex economic context" for the closure of its store on Oct 10. Top labels have become collateral damage as the government tightens its hold on the economy with measures aiming to encourage domestic production and capture more wealth to aid the poor.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 2, Azerbaijan's ambassador defended a multimillion-dollar renovation of Mexican parks and a monument to late president Geidar Aliyev (d.2003).    Azerbaijan had contributed much of the 65 million pesos ($5 million) it cost to renovate not one, but two Mexico City parks, allowing it to put monuments in both. Critics said that Aliyev, who stifled dissent, shouldn't be on a boulevard decorated with statues to Mexican and foreign heroes. In 2013 Mexico City Mayor Miguel Angel Mancera said the statue of Aliyev will be removed from the capital’s main avenue.
    (AP, 10/2/12)(SFC, 1/23/13, p.A2)
2012        Oct 2, Bahraini police arrested five medical personnel after a court rejected appeals to overturn their convictions for roles anti-government protests last year.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, Georgia’s President Mikhail Saakashvili, a staunch ally of the West, acknowledged defeat in parliamentary elections and called on Bidzina Ivanishvili to form a new government. That puts the tycoon on track to be prime minister, which will be Georgia's most powerful job under constructional changes next year.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, A court in Ghana ordered the 3-masted A.R.A. Libertad, flagship of Argentina's navy, held in port until Argentina posts a court bond equal to its value, which could be $10 million or more. Elliott Capital Management, a $15 billion hedge fund run by billionaire Paul Singer, filed the complaint in Ghana as part of its effort to collect on Argentine bonds bought at fire-sale prices after the South American country's record debt default a decade ago.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 2, Iraq signed a $14 million deal with a US consortium to modernize a major port in the country's southern province of Basra in a move aimed at developing key infrastructure neglected during years of war and sanctions. The 10-year agreement was with a consortium led by North America Western Asia Holdings.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, A Lebanese security official says Hezbollah commander Ali Hussein Nassif and several other fighters from the militant group have been killed in Syria.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, In the Maldives Dr. Afrasheen Ali, a member of parliament, was murdered in a frenzied stabbing attack.
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.48)(www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19797538)
2012        Oct 2, In northeast Nigeria an overnight attack killed at least 25 people, including 22 students, outside the campus of the Federal Polytechnic Mubi in the town of Mubi.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, In South Africa thousands of striking truck drivers protested amid heavy police presence in central Johannesburg as labor unrest continued across the country, leading to fears of renewed violence.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, In Sudan 4 Nigerian peacekeepers were killed and 8 wounded in an ambush in West Darfur.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 2, Hundreds of Tunisians protested in support of a woman (27) who says she was raped by police and is facing accusations of violating modesty laws. The woman says three police officers stopped her in a car last month, and one of them held her fiancé back while the other two raped her. The police officers deny wrongdoing.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, Pope Benedict XVI's onetime butler, Paolo Gabriele, declared he was innocent of a charge of aggravated theft of the pope's private correspondence, but acknowledged he photocopied the papers and said he feels guilty that he betrayed the trust of the pontiff he loved like a father.
    (AP, 10/2/12)
2012        Oct 2, In Yemen protesting tribesmen blew main pylons cutting power to Sanaa. They were protesting a death sentence against one of their members convicted of belonging to al-Qaida and killing security agents.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)

2013        Oct 2, The US government shutdown entered a 2nd day with no end in sight to the funding row in Congress that triggered it. President Obama met with Republican and Democratic leaders in Congress to try to break a budget deadlock that has shut wide swaths of the federal government, but there was no breakthrough and both sides blamed each other.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)(AP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 2, The United States and South Korea signed a new pact to deter North Korea's potential use of nuclear arms and other weapons of mass destruction amid growing threats from Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, FBI agents in San Francisco arrested Ross William Ulbricht (29) at the Glen Park library and accused him of being the “Dread Prince Roberts," the once-anonymous mastermind behind an online drug marketplace known as Silk Road. Ulbricht used Bitcoin virtual currency for transactions and was indicted in Manhattan on Feb 4, 2014.
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.A1)(SFC, 2/5/14, p.A8)
2013        Oct 2, H. Ty Warner (69), billionaire creator of the Beanie Babies, pleaded guilty to a tax evasion charge in a Chicago court.
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 2, Tom Clancy (b.1947), best-selling author of military thrillers, died in Baltimore. His career took off with the publication of “The Hunt for Red October" (1985).
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.D5)
2013        Oct 2, Three Afghan army soldiers died and four were wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Albania said it has signed on former British PM Tony Blair as an adviser and lobbyist in its uphill struggle to join the 28-nation EU.
    (AP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 2, Brazilian police used pepper spray to stop hundreds of protesting Indians from storming Congress, clamping down on the second day of indigenous rights marches.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Egypt's interim government decided that insulting the flag and refusing to stand for the national anthem is an offense punishable by law. A high school student was killed when opponents and supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi clashed in the city of Suez.
    (AP, 10/2/13)(Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, The Gambian government announced that the former British colony is pulling out of the Commonwealth with immediate effect, saying it would "never be a member of any neo-colonial institution."
    (AFP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 2, Indonesia’s anti-corruption commission (KPK) detained Akil Mochtar, the chief justice of the contitutional court, and seized almost $260,000 in cash. KPK said the money was a bribe to rig a court ruling over a disputed district election.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.52)
2013        Oct 2, In Iraq gunmen downed at dawn a military helicopter north of Baghdad during clashes, killing its 5-member crew. 4 militants were killed in the gunbattle outside the city of Tikrit. In Kirkuk a car bomb went off in a commercial area, killing one civilian and wounding 13 others.
    (AP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, In Italy Silvio Berlusconi acknowledged defeat and announced he would support the government of Premier Enrico Letta in a confidence vote, a stunning about-face after defections in his party robbed him of the backing he needed to bring down the government.
    (AP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, The International Criminal Court said it has issued an arrest warrant for Walter Barasa, a Kenyan journalist in Deputy President William Ruto’s political stronghold of Eldoret, for trying to bribe witnesses to withdraw testimony against Ruto.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Gunmen shot dead a Libyan marine colonel in city of Benghazi where militants have increasingly targeted security forces in a challenge to central government control.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, In Libya security guards fired shots to disperse a group of about 60 people who tried to storm the Russian embassy. One of the attackers was killed by the gunfire. Unconfirmed reports said that a Russian woman had murdered a Libyan.
    (AP, 10/2/13)(Reuters, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 2, Lithuania’s foreign minister said his country could block Russia's road and rail access to its enclave of Kaliningrad if Moscow keeps pressuring its neighbors over their ties to the European Union.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Mali freed 23 prisoners arrested in clashes in the north, as part of a deal signed between the government and rebels in June.
    (AFP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, In Mexico protesters clashed with riot police in Mexico City, leaving dozens injured as thousands of people marched to mark the anniversary of a massacre of students in 1968.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 2, In Pakistan two soldiers were killed in a roadside bomb near Awaran, a town near the Sep 24 quake epicenter. The military said they were there to distribute humanitarian aid. A separatist commander in Baluchistan threatened o step up attacks on security forces. Rebels have accused the central government of stealing the province's rich mineral deposits and the security forces of widespread human rights abuses.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Masked executioners in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip hanged a man who was convicted of stabbing to death an acquaintance over money, ignoring protests by human rights activists who say the territory's legal system is flawed.
    (AP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Polish police said they have located Rev. Wojciech Gil, a priest sought by Interpol on suspicion he sexually abused children in the Dominican Republic, where he led a parish in the mountain town of Juncalito for eight years.
    (AP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, Russian investigators charged 14 Greenpeace campaigners with piracy over an open-sea protest against Arctic oil drilling.
    (AFP, 10/2/13)(AP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 2, Ukrainian police fired tear gas to disperse protesters trying to enter the city council building in the capital Kiev. Thousands of opposition protesters had gathered to rally against what they say is an illegitimate council session.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, The UN refugee agency said 17 countries including the United States, France and Australia have agreed to receive quotas of refugees fleeing the bloody conflict in Syria.
    (AFP, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, A Vietnam court jailed Le Quoc Quan, a prominent human rights activist, for two and a half years after finding him guilty on tax evasion charges supporters say were aimed at muzzling critics of the Communist Party.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)
2013        Oct 2, A Yemeni court jailed five Al-Qaeda militants for up to 10 years for plotting a suicide bombing that killed 86 soldiers and wounded 171 others last year. Yemeni forces announced they had retaken control of army headquarters in Mukalla, killing the Al-Qaeda gunmen holed up there. At least 10 people including 3 soldiers were killed in the offensive.
    (AFP, 10/2/13)(AFP, 10/3/13)

2014        Oct 2, US Sec of State John Kerry told Vietnam’s foreign minister that the US would partially ease its ban on sales of weapons, in effect since 1984.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.45)
2014        Oct 2, The Algerian army killed 5 foreign "criminals" near the border with Niger.
    (AFP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 2, Australia authorized the deployment of special forces to advise and assist Iraqi forces alongside British, Canadian and US advisers already on the ground.
    (AFP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 2, Prosecutors in Colombia said they have detained 33 soldiers suspected of killing farmworker John Jeiber Mina Guaza last week.
    (AP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, Egypt's army killed Mohamed Abu Shatiya, a field commander in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, the country's most dangerous Islamist militant group, during clashes in the lawless north of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, In France a helicopter that took off from neighboring Switzerland crashed in the yard of a home in eastern France, killing at least 5 people in the town of Bart.
    (AP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, Rocket Internet went public in Germany in an IPO valued at $8.2 billion. The company specialized in launching clones of proven internet-business models. The stock opened at €42.50 and immediately fell to €38.00
    (Econ, 10/4/14, p.72)
2014        Oct 2, In Hong Kong crowds of protesters swelled after police were seen unloading boxes of tear gas and rubber bullets, sending tensions soaring. Huge throngs have given Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying until midnight to step down or face escalated action. Chun-ying agreed to open talks with pro-democracy protesters but refused to stand down.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)(AP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 2, India’s PM Narendra Modi joined millions of people in a countrywide campaign to clean parks, public buildings and streets on the birth anniversary of Mohandas Gandhi.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.A6)
2014        Oct 2, In Iraq the Islamic State group launched attacks on bases in the western towns of Heet (Hit) and Ramadi that left at least 17 members of the security forces and 40 jihadists dead in Anbar province.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)(Reuters, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, In Libya some 36 soldiers were killed and more than 70 wounded in car bomb attacks and clashes between troops and Islamists around Benghazi airport. 4 people were also killed in a separate attack by suspected Islamists on an army checkpoint in Qubah, east of Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)(AFP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 2, At least 10 migrants from sub-Saharan Africa drowned and dozens more were missing after their boat sank in the Mediterranean offshore Libya.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, In Pakistan 7 people were killed and at least 11 wounded when an explosive device ripped through a passenger bus traveling outside the volatile city of Peshawar.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, In the Philippines hundreds of activists led by the climate change commissioner kicked off a 38-day walk of more than 1,000 km from Manila to the typhoon-hit city of Tacloban to raise awareness of rising risks from higher seas and extreme weather.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, Saudi Arabia sought to assure the public that the kingdom was safe and free of health scares as an estimated 2 million Muslims streamed into a sprawling tent city near Mecca for the start of the annual Islamic hajj pilgrimage.
    (AP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, The Save the Children charity warned that five people are being infected with Ebola every hour in Sierra Leone and demand for treatment beds is far outstripping supply.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, In South Africa Cape Town's mayor announced that a planned summit of Nobel peace laureates had been "suspended", citing the government's "intransigence" in not providing a visa to the Dalai Lama.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, In Syria Islamic State insurgents tightened their grip on Kobani despite coalition air strikes meant to weaken them, sending thousands more Kurdish refugees into Turkey and dragging Ankara deeper into the conflict.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, The Turkish government won parliamentary approval to deploy troops against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 2, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russian insurgents launched a fresh assault on the Donetsk Airport held by isolated Ukrainian forces as a month-old truce came under renewed strain and calls grew for the Kremlin to help halt the bloody revolt.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, A Vietnamese oil tanker went missing after pirates stormed the ship and siphoned off some of its cargo. It was released after a week. The deputy captain of the Sunrise 689, Pham Van Hoang, said a group of more than 10 men, who he thought were Indonesian, armed with guns and knives in two speedboats boarded the tanker shortly after it left Singapore for Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/9/14)

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