Today in History - October 5

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578        Oct 5, Justinus II, Byzantine emperor (565-78), died.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

610        Oct 5, Heraclitus' fleet took Constantinople.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1285        Oct 5, Philippe III, the Stout, King of France (1270-85), died.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1450        Oct 5, Jews were expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1568        Oct 5, The Conference of York began in the trial against Mary Stuart.
    (MC, 10/5/01)
1568        Oct 5, Willem of Orange's army occupied Brabant.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1572        Oct 5, The Spanish army under Duke of Alva's son Don Frederik plundered Mechelen (Flanders).
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1582        Oct 5, The Gregorian calendar was introduced in Italy, other Catholic countries. Nothing happened. This day was skipped and became Oct 15 to bring the calendar into sync by order of the Council of Trent. In 1998 David Ewing Duncan published “Calendar: Humanity’s Epic Struggle to Determine a True and Accurate Year." In Bohemia the anti-Gregorian astronomer Michael Mestlin proclaimed that the pope was stealing 10 days from everyone’s life. [see Sep 3, 1752]
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990)(SFEC, 9/27/98, BR p.5)(MC, 10/5/01)

1703        Oct 5, Jonathan Edwards (d.1758), US, theologian and philosopher (Original Sin), was born. He helped promote the “Great Awakening" of religious fervor that broke out in Protestant churches in New Jersey in the 1720s and spread to New England in the 1730s.
    (WUD, 1994, p.454)(SSFC, 7/8/01, p.B5)(MC, 10/5/01)

1713        Oct 5, Denis Diderot (d.1784), French encyclopedist (Dictionnaire Encyclopedique), was born in Langres, Champagne, France. Age of Enlightenment philosopher, writer who with his friend Voltaire, scoffed at organized religion, ultimately bringing on the French Revolution.
    (www.nndb.com/people/914/000082668/)

1750        Oct 5, Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comica," premiered in Venice.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1762        Oct 5, Gluck's opera “Orfeo ed Euridice" had its premiere at Vienna’s Burgtheater on the namesday of Emp. Francis I. Gluck revised "Orpheus and Euridice" in 1774 for the Paris Royal Opera.
    (WSJ, 4/11/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)(MC, 10/5/01)
1762        Oct 5, The British fleet bombarded and captured Spanish-held Manila in the Philippines.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1795        Oct 5, The day after he routed counterrevolutionaries in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte accepted their formal surrender. Napoleon takes charge.
    (HN, 10/5/99)

1804        Oct 5, Robert Parker Parrott (d.1877), Inventor (Parrot Gun- 1st machine gun), was born.
    (MC, 10/5/01)
1804        Oct 5, The Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes, a Spanish galleon, was sunk by the British navy southwest of Portugal with more than 200 people on board. In May 2007, Odyssey Marine Exploration announced that it had discovered a wreck in the Atlantic and its cargo of 500,000 silver coins and other artifacts worth an estimated $500 million. Spain claimed this was the Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes. In 2009 Peru pushed claims to the silver coins arguing that they were minted in Lima. In 2012 a US judge ordered that the treasure be returned to Spain.
    (AP, 5/8/08)(www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/mar/24/usa.spain)(AP, 1/29/09)(SFC, 2/18/12, p.A7)

1813        Oct 5, The Battle of Moraviantown was decisive in the War of 1812. Known as the Battle of the Thames in the United States, the US victory over British and Indian forces near Ontario at the village of Moraviantown on the Thames River is know in Canada as the Battle of Moraviantown. Some 600 British regulars and 1,000 Indian allies under English General and Shawnee leader Tecumseh were greatly outnumbered and quickly defeated by US forces under the command of Maj. Gen. William Henry Harrison. Tecumseh (45) was killed in this battle.
    (HN, 10/5/98)(PC, 1992 ed, p.378)

1821        Oct 5, Greek rebels captured Tripolitza, the main Turkish fort in the Pelponnese area of Greece.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1823        Oct 5, Carl Maria von Weber visited Beethoven.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1829        Oct 5, the 21st president of the United States, Chester Alan Arthur, was born in Fairfield, Vt. Some sources list 1830.
    (AP, 10/5/07)

1863        Oct 5, Confederate sub David damaged the Union ship Ironsides.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1864        Oct 5, At the Battle of Allatoona, a small Union post was saved from Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood's army. 1/3 of Union troops died repulsing Southern forces.
    (HN, 10/5/98)(MC, 10/5/01)
1864        Oct 5, Calcutta, India, was denuded by a cyclone and some 70,000 people were killed.
    (www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)

1865        Oct 5, George Calvert Yount (b.1794), founder of Yountville, died in Napa Valley, Ca.
    (www.sfmuseum.org/hist1/vets.html)

1877        Oct 5, Nez Perce Chief Joseph and 418 survivors were captured in the Bear Paw mountains and forced into reservations in Kansas. They surrendered in Montana Territory, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada fell 40 miles short. Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrendered to General O.O. Howard and Colonel Nelson Miles at the Bear Paw ravine in Montana Territory, saying, "Hear me, my chiefs, my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more, forever." The retreat had lasted three months and left 120 Nez Perces dead. Miles had found and surrounded the Nez Perce camp with the help of Sioux and Cheyenne scouts. Many whites, including Howard, admired the Nez Perces' fighting ability and Chief Joseph himself, who was considered humane and eloquent. He died in 1904.
    (HFA, '96, p.40)(SFC, 6/13/97, p.A13)(HNPD, 10/5/98)(HN, 10/5/98)

1880        Oct 5, The first ball-point pen was patented on this day by Alonzo T. Cross.
    (HN, 10/5/00)
1880        Oct 5, Jacques Offenbach, German-French composer (La Belle Helene, Orpheus, Tales of Hoffman), died at 61.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1882        Oct 5, Robert Goddard (d.1945), American rocket scientist, was born. He received 214 patents for rocket systems and components.
    (HN, 10/5/98)(ON, 1/01, p.5)
1882        Oct 5, Outlaw Frank James surrendered in Missouri six months after brother Jesse's assassination.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1892        Oct 5, The Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kan. They were trying to rob the Condon National Bank and the First National Bank simultaneously in their hometown. They were recognized by home town citizens who sounded the alarm and then armed themselves. A fierce gun battle ensued in which four citizens and four members of the Dalton Gang lost their lives.
    (AP, 10/5/97)(www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/daltons.htm)

1902        Oct 5, Ray Croc was born. He founded the McDonald’s hamburger franchise in 1955.
    (HN, 10/5/00)

1905        Oct 5, Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flew 38.5 km in 38.3 minutes.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1908        Oct 5, Joshua Logan, stage and film director ("Picnic," "Bus Stop," "South Pacific"), was born in Texarkana, Texas.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

1911        Oct 5, Flann O’Brien (d.1966), Irish novelist and playwright, was born. His work included “The Hard Life" and “The Third Policeman."
    (HN, 10/5/00) http://www.omnium.com/flann.html
1911        Oct 5, Italian troops occupied Tripoli.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1915        Oct 5, Germany issued an apology and promises for payment for the 128 American passengers killed in the sinking of the British ship Lusitania.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1916        Oct 5, Corporal Adolf Hitler was wounded in WW I.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1921        Oct 5, The World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time. By series' end, the NY Giants had beaten the NY Yankees five games to three in the best-of-nine contest.
    (AP, 10/5/06)

1923        Oct 5, Philip Berrigan, militant priest (Chicago 7), was born.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1924        Oct 5, 1st Little Orphan Annie strip appeared in NYC Daily News. [see Aug 5, 1924]
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1926        Oct 5, Gottfried Michael Koenig, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1931        Oct 5, Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon, Jr. belly landed Miss Veedol, a Bellanca CH-200 monoplane, in Wenatchee, Wa., to complete the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean from Japan. They won a $25,000 prize from the Japanese Ashi Shimbun newspaper. Panghorn sent apple cuttings from Wenatchee's Richard Delicious apples to Japan which were soon distributed across Japan.
    (ON, 1/03, p.10)(www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=7495)

1936        Oct 5, Václav Havel, Czech dissident dramatist, was born. He became the first freely elected president of Czechoslovakia in 55 years (1989-92).
    (HN, 10/5/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V%C3%A1clav_Havel)

1937        Oct 5, Saying, "the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading," President Roosevelt called for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1940        Oct 5, Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican composer: Cuauhnahuac/Planos, died at 40.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1941        Oct 5, Former Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis (b.1856), the first Jewish member of the nation's highest court (1916-39), died in Washington at age 84. In 2009 Melvin Urofsky authored “Louis D. Brandeis: A Life."
    (AP, 10/5/99)(Econ, 9/26/09, p.97)

1942        Oct 5, 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia, were massacred.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1944        Oct 5, Joseph B "Aristide" Maillol, French sculptor and graphic artist, died.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1947         Oct 5, In the first televised White House address, President Truman asked Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for starving people in Europe.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1953        Oct 5, California Gov. Earl Warren (1891-1974) was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson. He was named by Pres. Eisenhower as chief justice of the US. Warren retired in 1969. In 2000 Lucas A. Powe, Jr., authored "The Warren Court and American Politics."
    (SFEC, 6/8/97, BR p.1)(AP, 10/5/97)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/88/)

1955        Oct 5, A stage adaptation of "The Diary of Anne Frank" opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1958        Oct 5, Racially desegregated Clinton High School in Clinton, Tenn., was mostly leveled by an early morning bombing.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

1959        Oct 5, Maya Lin, American architect who designed the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C., was born.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1960        Oct 5, A Lockheed Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor and 62 people died. The plane had flown into a flock of starlings.
    (MC, 10/5/01)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A21)

1962        Oct 5, The Beatles' first hit, "Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1965        Oct 5, U.S. forces in Saigon, South Vietnam, received permission to use tear gas.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1966        Oct 5, A sodium cooling system malfunction caused a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit, Mich. Radiation was contained.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1968        Oct 5, Catholic demonstrators in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, clashed with police.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n9nhn)(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1969        Oct 5, Monty Python's Flying Circus made its debut on BBC Television. It ran on British TV until 1974.
    (WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A17)(AP, 10/5/98)
1969        Oct 5, Lieutenant Eduardo Guerra Jimenez, a Cuban defector, entered US air space undetected and landed his Soviet-made MiG-17 at Homestead Air Force Base near Miami, Florida, where the presidential aircraft Air Force One was waiting to return President Richard M. Nixon to DC.
    (www.missilesofkeywest.bravepages.com/penetrated.htm)

1970        Oct 5, National Educational Television (NET), the forerunner of Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), commenced broadcasting following its merger with station WNDT Newark, New Jersey, to form WNET. In 1973 it merged with Educational Television Stations.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PBS)
1970        Oct 5, British trade commissioner James Richard Cross was kidnapped in Canada by militant Quebec separatists; he was released the following December.
    (AP, 10/5/00)

1974        Oct 5, Eugene McQuaid, a Catholic civilian, was killed near a British army checkpoint on Northern Ireland's border on the main Belfast-Dublin road. In 2006 the IRA leadership offered its sincere apologies to the McQuaid family for the death of Eugene and for the heartache and trauma that the IRA actions caused.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
1974        Oct 5, An IRA bombing at a pub in Guilford, near London, killed 5 people. Four people including Gerry Conlon were convicted and sentenced to life in prison. In 1989 the so-called Guildford Four were freed after a top judge ruled that police had fabricated hand-written interrogation notes used to convict all four.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guildford_pub_bombings)(AP, 6/21/14)
1974         Oct 5, in Chile Miguel Enriquez (b.1944), physician and founder (1965) of the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR), was shot dead by Pinochet’s security forces.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_Enriquez)

1976        Oct 5, Researcher Alan Dickinson warned the British Medical Research council that their human growth hormone program was susceptible to contamination from infected pituitary glands.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, p.A14)

1977        Oct 5, Seamus Costello (b.1939), founder of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), was shot to death by an Irish Republican Army member in Dublin.
    (AP, 10/11/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seamus_Costello)

1978        Oct 5, Isaac Bashevis Singer (1902-1991), Polish-born American author, was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (AP, 10/5/98)

1981        Oct 5, President Ronald Reagan signed a resolution granting honorary American citizenship to Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving about 100,000 Hungarians, most of them Jews, from the Nazis during WW II. He became the second honorary American. Winston Churchill was the first.
    (AP, 10/5/01)

1983        Oct 5, The TV show “Whiz Kids" was produced by Philip DeGuere Jr. and ran for one season.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whiz_Kids_(TV_series))
1983        Oct 5, Lech Walesa, Polish Solidarity founder, was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/5/08)
1983        Oct 5, Earl Tupper (b.1907), a Massachusetts tree surgeon, inventor and founder of Tupperware [see 1938], died in Costa Rica. In 2008 Bob Kealing authored “Tupperware: Brownie Wise, Earl Tupper, and the Home Party Pioneers."
    (WSJ, 2/18/04, p.A9)(www.ideafinder.com/history/inventors/tupper.htm)(WSJ, 7/30/08, p.A13)

1986        Oct 5, American Eugene Hasenfus was captured by Sandinista soldiers after the weapons plane he was flying in was shot down over southern Nicaragua. An airplane named Fat Lady was shot down over Nicaragua with a load of arms destined for the Contras. Documents found on board the aircraft and seized by the Sandinistas included logs linking the plane with Area 51, the nation's top-secret nuclear-weapons facility at the Nevada Test Site. The doomed aircraft was co-piloted by Wallace Blaine "Buzz" Sawyer, a native of western Arkansas, who died in the crash. The admissions of the surviving crew member, Eugene Hasenfus, began a public unraveling of the Iran-Contra episode.
    (AP, 10/5/97)(www.ratical.org/ratville/JFK/crimesOfMena.html)

1987        Oct 5, Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork suffered new setbacks as Senate Democratic Leader Robert Byrd and Republican Sens. Lowell P. Weicker Jr. of Connecticut and John H. Chafee of Rhode Island declared they were opposed to his confirmation.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1988        Oct 5, Republican Dan Quayle and Democrat Lloyd Bentsen clashed in the only vice-presidential debate of the 1988 campaign. In a memorable moment, Bentsen lambasted Quayle, who had suggested a parallel between himself and John F. Kennedy, by telling him, "Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy."
    (AP, 10/5/98)
1988        Oct 5, Grandma Prisbrey, born as Thresie (Tressa) Luella Schaefer (1896), died in California. During her life she constructed her bottle village in Simi Valley including 3 bottle structures to house her collection of 17,000 pencils. In 1981 the site was named a California State Historical Landmark and in 1996 was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
    (WSJ, 10/21/08, p.D9)(www.agilitynut.com/h/prisbrey.html)
1988        Oct 5, Brazil accepted a constitution that obliged the government to make transfers to the 26 states and protect the jobs of public workers. This created a difficult environment for the control of spending. The new constitution also annulled the right of husbands to prohibit their wives from accepting employment. The new constitution also recognized Indian rights to reclaim their original lands and to preserve their way of life. Almost 600 reserves were established, encompassing 12.5% of Brazil’s territory, but many only existed on paper. The constitution also declared health care to be the right of the citizen and its provision to be the duty of the state. It also said Brazil will not develop, deploy or make use of nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A1)(Econ, 9/4/04, p.37)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.36)(SSFC, 6/10/07, p.A15)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.33)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.26)
1988        Oct 5, The Chilean population agreed at referendum their opposition to the Pinochet regime.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ew36c)
1988        Oct 5, Israel banned Meir Kahane's Kach Party on grounds of racism.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zzkte)

1989        Oct 5, The Dalai Lama, the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet, was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A22)(AP, 10/5/99)
1989        Oct 5, A jury in Charlotte, N.C., convicted former PTL evangelist Jim Bakker on all 24 counts of fraud and conspiracy. He used his television show to defraud followers.
    (AP, 10/5/99)

1990        Oct 5, The US House of Representatives rejected a $500 billion budget agreement forged by congressional leaders and the Bush administration.
    (AP, 10/5/00)
1990        Oct 5, A jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe.
    (AP, 10/5/97)
1990        Oct 5, Meir Kahane (58), founder of Jewish defense league, was assassinated in NYC by an Arab extremist.
    (www.adl.org/extremism/jdl_chron.asp)

1991        Oct 5, The San Jose Sharks opened local play at the Cow Palace in Daly City while they awaited the building of an arena in San Jose, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/28/08, p.A11)(www.sportsecyclopedia.com/nhl/sanjose/sharks.html)
1991        Oct 5, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced sweeping cuts in nuclear weapons in response to President Bush's arms reduction initiative.
    (AP, 10/5/01)

1992        Oct 5, Both houses of Congress voted to override President Bush's veto of a measure to re-regulate cable television companies.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1993        Oct 5, US Army Gen. John Shalikashvili was confirmed by the Senate to head the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (AP, 10/5/98)
1993        Oct 5, China set off an underground nuclear blast, ignoring a plea from President Clinton not to do so.
    (AP, 10/5/98)

1994        Oct 5, 48 members of a secret religious doomsday cult were found dead in apparent murder-suicides carried out simultaneously in two Swiss villages; five other bodies were found in a sect apartment in Montreal, Canada.
    (AP, 10/5/99)

1995        Oct 5, Seamus Heaney won the Nobel Prize in literature. His poetic works portray the pain of sectarian strife and growing up in a Roman Catholic farming family. His works include: “Death of a Naturalist" (1966), “Door into the Dark" (1969), “North" (1975), “Field Work" (1979), “The Spirit Level" (1996) and the Nobel lecture “Crediting Poetry."
    (WSJ, 10/6/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.8)
1995        Oct 5, Pres. Clinton announced that a cease-fire was agreed on in Bosnia to start on Oct 10, and that combatants would attend talks in the US. Bosnia’s combatants agreed to a 60-day cease-fire and new talks on ending their three and a-half years of battle.
    (SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/5/00)
1995        Oct 5, Hurricane Opal killed 15 people in the Florida Panhandle and caused $1.8 bil in insured property damages.
    (WSJ, 10/6/95, p.A1)
1995        Oct 5, In Xaman village, Guatemala, 11 war refugees were killed by government soldiers. In 1999 25 soldiers were convicted for homicide. 12 soldiers were sentenced to 5 years in prison and the rest to 4 years already served. In 2004 an officer and 13 soldiers were each sentenced to 40 years in prison for the Xaman massacre of recently returned civil war refugees.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.C1)(AP, 7/9/04)

1996        Oct 5, Already under fire for his drug policies, President Clinton revealed that a secret FBI memorandum said the government's anti-drug strategy "had never been properly organized." Clinton argued that the problems predated his administration.
    (AP, 10/5/97)
1996        Oct 5, Irving Fatt, professor of chemistry at UC Berkeley, died. His work was centered on the flow of fluids through small pores and played an essential role in the development of soft and gas permeable contact lenses.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.C2)
1996        Oct 5, A bomb exploded in the mayoral offices of French Prime Minister Alain Juppe. There were no casualties. A Corsican separatist group later claimed responsibility.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, A12)(SFEC, 10/8/96, A10)
1996        Oct 5, In Guatemala an ongoing program to de-activate some 200,000 citizen soldiers included ceremonious weapons returns.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, A14)
1996        Oct 5, It was reported that a new Hawaiian island, Loiihi, was rising 17 miles southeast of the big island of Hawaii. Its summit was 3,000 feet below the surface and its base was 15,000 feet below that. It was estimated to break surface in about 50,000 years.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A9)

1997        Oct 5, The White House released videotapes of President Clinton greeting supporters at 44 coffee klatches. Republicans claimed the tapes as proof that Clinton had raised campaign donations at the White House in violation of the law.
    (AP, 10/5/98)
1997        Oct 5, David Scott Ghantt (27) disappeared with $15-17 million in a Loomis, Fargo & Co. van in Charlotte, N.C. 21 people, later charged in the heist, purchased over 1000 items with the money. In 1999 an auction was held to dispose of the property with the proceeds going to insurer Lloyds of London.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A7)(SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A2)
1997        Oct 5, In Algeria armed men attacked a school bus near Blida. The driver attempted to run their roadblock but crashed and 16 children were killed by the attackers.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 5, In Montenegro Momir Bulatovic, a Milosevic ally, led pro-Westerner challenger Milo Djukanovic but did not receive a 50% majority due to other candidates. A runoff was scheduled for Oct 19.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 5, In Serbia a runoff election was held with Zoran Lilic of the Socialist Party facing Vojislav Seselj of the Radical Party for control of the 25-seat parliament. Seselj defeated Lilic but the turnout was less than 50% and a new election was scheduled in 2 months.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)

1998        Oct 5, A House committee voted along hardened partisan lines 21-16 to begin an open-ended impeachment inquiry into 15 possible charges against Pres. Clinton.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/5/99)
1998        Oct 5, The US House of Representatives directed the Pentagon to channel $97 million in overt military aid to Iraqi rebel groups seeking to bring down Pres. Saddam Hussein. The Clinton administration committed to the transfer of military surplus equipment May 14, 1999.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A8)(SFC, 5/25/99, p.A6)
1998        Oct 5, Michael Carneal pleaded guilty but mentally ill to shooting to death three fellow students and wounding five other people at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky. Carneal was later sentenced to life in prison without the chance of parole for 25 years.
    (AP, 10/5/99)
1998        Oct 5, The federal government agreed to pay SF $176.6 million for 59 Italian-made Breda streetcars.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 5, Rick Wagoner became the president of General Motors.
    (WSJ, 3/30/09, p.A5)
1998        Oct 5, From Belize it was reported that Orange Walk, a town of 14,000, was overrun by crack cocaine addicts known as “sprungheads."
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 5, China signed the 1976 Int’l. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights bringing the number of signatories to 140. The signing still required parliamentary approval.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 5, In Congo rebels under Arthur Mulunda said they were within 12 miles of Kindu. The rebels were backed by troops and equipment from Rwanda and Uganda.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, In Iran the Islamic authorities told a group of writers to give up efforts to reactivate an independent association of authors.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, Federico Zeri, Italy’s leading art critic and historian, died at age 77. He had cataloged in 4 volumes the Italian paintings in New York’s Metropolitan Museum.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A22)
1998        Oct 5, In Kenya teachers went on a nationwide strike over failed pay raises. 7 million students were idled.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, In south Lebanon pro-Iranian Hezbollah guerrillas killed 2 Israeli soldiers with a roadside bomb.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy was reported to have turned his face to Africa rather than a pan-Arab unity: “"I would like Libya to become a black country. Hence, I recommend to Libyan men to marry only black women, and to Libyan women to marry black men."
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 5, In Russia some 1,000 mail cars with up to 18 tons of letters were sidetracked due to the inability of the post office to pay the country’s 17 railways.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 5, In Sweden Prime Minister Goran Persson of the Social Democrats reached a 3-party agreement with the Left and the Greens.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)

1999        Oct 5, It was announced that MCI WorldCom Incorporated had agreed to pay $115 billion for Sprint Corporation.
    (AP, 10/5/00)
1999        Oct 5, Initial indictments in the Russian money-laundering scheme were handed up. A former bank of NY vice president, her husband, and a Russian business associate were accused of conspiracy to transmit about $7 billion illegally.
    (WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 5, In London 2 morning commuter trains collided near Paddington Station and 31 people were killed. At least 70 people were later feared dead and some estimates reached over 100. It was later confirmed that one train ran a red light. 64 people remained unaccounted for.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)(AP, 10/5/04)
1999        Oct 5, In Chechnya Russian troops seized the northern third of the country. A suspected Russian artillery shell hit a busload of people and killed 40 people, mostly women and children.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 5, Kofi Annan presented a UN plan to take full control of East Timor and guide the territory to nationhood over 2-3 years.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 5, In Kosovo at least one Serb was killed when ethnic Albanians attacked a Russian-Serb convoy. The Albanians had gathered for the funeral of 18-28 countrymen found in a mass grave the previous week.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)
1999        Oct 5, In Mexico flooding from Tropical Depression No. 11 killed at least 83 people in ten states including 42 in Puebla after 7 rivers overflowed following heavy rains. The death toll soon reached at least 342. A large mudslide in Teziutlan left 72 confirmed dead and 30 people missing. The Catholic Church expected the toll to reach near 600.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A16)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/11/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.A11)

2000        Oct 5, “The Beatles Anthology," a $60 oversize volume with 1,200 photos, went on sale.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.E1)
2000        Oct 5, In the only debate of presidential running mates during the 2000 campaign Dick Cheney and Joe Lieberman, the vice-presidential candidates, debated over national TV from Centre College in Danville, Ky. Republican Cheney and Democrat Lieberman disagreed firmly but politely about military readiness, tax cuts and the future of Social Security.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/5/01)
2000        Oct 5, The European Central Bank (ECB) raised interest rates by a quarter % to 4.75%.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.B2)
2000        Oct 5, Israeli tanks pulled back from forward positions and Palestinian security forces cleared stone throwers from the streets in the 1st steps of a US-brokered cease-fire.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A17)
2000        Oct 5, In western Japan a 7.3 earthquake struck and at least 106 people were injured.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D6)(SFC, 10/7/00, p.A8)(SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A18)
2000        Oct 5, Nigerians from Libya arrived home on repatriation flights and bore tales of a pogrom by youths resentful of economic immigrants.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 5, In the Philippines Pres Estrada presided over the surrender of 600 Muslim rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 5, Vojislav Kostunica spoke from the balcony of City Hall as several hundred thousand protestors, led by workers from Cacak, took over Belgrade, the parliament building and TV station. The state Tanjug news agency switched allegiance to Vojislav Kostunica.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A1,16)(SFC, 10/7/00, p.A8)
2000        Oct 5, In Sri Lanka a suicide explosion near an election rally left 13 people dead in Medawachchiya.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D4)
2000        Oct 5, In Tanzania 18 people died and 39 were injured as a bus swerved to avoid a presidential motorcade and hit a crowd of people.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)

2001        Oct 5, Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 71st and 72nd record home runs at Pacific Bell Park off of pitcher Chan Ho Park of the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Dodgers won 11-10. This broke the record of 70 held by Mark McGwire.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.F1)
2001        Oct 5, Moses Malone was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 10/5/02)
2001        Oct 5, Pres. Bush urged Congress to pass $60 million in tax cuts to revive the economy.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 5, The US received permission from Uzbekistan to set up a base of operations against Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 5, The US Labor Dept. reported that 199,000 jobs were lost in September.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 5, In Alaska Daniel Carson Lewis (37) was arrested for shooting a hole into the oil pipeline, which cause the leakage of up to 280,000 of gallons. Some 285,600 gallons spewed out for 3 days until the leak was plugged Oct 6. The cleanup cost was $7 million.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A11)(SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 5, Georgia’s Supreme Court ruled that electrocution is an unconstitutionally cruel and unusual punishment. 441 Georgia inmates had died in the electric chair since 1924.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 5, Mike Mansfield (98), former Montana Senator and ambassador to Japan, died in Washington, D.C.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.E1)(AP, 10/5/02)
2001        Oct 5, George P. Brockway, former president of W.W. Norton publishing house, died at age 85. He created the Norton Anthology series in the 1950s.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.E2)
2001        Oct 5, Bob Stevens (63), photo editor for the Sun tabloid, died of anthrax. Anthrax spores were later found on his computer keyboard in Lantana. This was the 1st of a series of cases in Florida, New York, New Jersey and Washington. In 2011 his widow settled a $2.5 million lawsuit against the US government.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_2001_anthrax_attacks)(SFC, 12/30/01, p.D7)(AP, 10/5/02)(SFC, 10/31/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.A13)
2001        Oct 5, In Israel PM Sharon ordered the largest military assault in a year and 5 Palestinians were killed in Hebron.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A11)

2002        Oct 5, Addressing police and National Guardsmen in New Hampshire, President Bush warned that Saddam Hussein could strike without notice and inflict "massive and sudden horror" on America.
    (AP, 10/5/03)
2002        Oct 5, The Pacific Maritime Assoc. and dockworkers agreed to open Hawaii and Alaska to shipments of needed perishable supplies.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 5, In Nevada the partially clad body of Jay R. Smith (87), a former star in “The Little Rascals," was found wrapped in a sheet near Interstate 15. Charles Wayne Crombie (d.2014), a homeless man befriended by Smith, was later convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to 20 years to life.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2002        Oct 5, Foreign ministers from six Pacific nations (Australia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and East Timor) ended a day of talks in Indonesia's ancient royal capital Yogyakarta, vowing to fight terrorism together but said little about how they would do it.
    (Reuters, 10/5/02)
2002        Oct 5, In Bosnia elections the centrist Muslim Party for Democratic Action reported the party was in the lead following a 55% turnout. Bosnia's three nationalist parties beat moderates in the country's first self-organized elections since the 1992-1995 war. Postwar Bosnia is made up of two mini-states, the Serb republic and the Muslim-Croat federation. The two have wide powers and are linked by a joint parliament and government. Elections provided winners with four years in office instead of two.
    (AP, 10/6/02)(AP, 10/5/03)
2002        Oct 5, Israeli soldiers enforcing a curfew shot Amer Hashem, a 15-year-old Palestinian boy in Nablus, during clashes with stone-throwing protesters. It was the eve of an international round of peace diplomacy.
    (AP, 10/5/02)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A8)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.A18)
2002        Oct 5, In Latvia the pro-business New Era party appeared set to win the most seats in parliamentary elections to choose the government that will lead this ex-Soviet republic into the European Union and NATO. Einars Repse led polls for election as prime minister.
    (AP, 10/4/02)(AP, 10/6/02)
2002        Oct 5, Rwanda withdrew its last troops from neighboring Congo, with some 1,100 soldiers marching in single file out of the war-ravaged country.
    (AP, 10/5/02)

2003        Oct 5, The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.
    (AP, 10/5/04)
2003        Oct 5, The MacArthur Foundation named 24 winners of its annual fellowship award. Historians Eve Troutt Powell (42) of the Univ. of Georgia and Anders Winroth (38) of Yale Univ. were among the winners.
    (USAT, 9/22/03, p.7D)
2003        Oct 5, In Atlanta, Georgia, Shelia Chaney Wilson (43), shot and killed her mother, minister and herself in the sanctuary of the Turner Monumental AME Church.
    (SFC, 10/6/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 5, Elections organized by Moscow were held in Chechnya. Some 200,000 dead Chechens remained on the electoral lists. Akhmad Kadyrov, chief of the pro-Russian administration enjoyed a 13% popularity.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A16)(AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 5, In Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, landslides caused by heavy rains swept down on poor areas of the capital, killing at least 12 people and leaving dozens of others homeless.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 5, Israeli warplanes bombed the Ein Saheb base northwest of Damascus, Syria, in retaliation for a suicide bombing at a Haifa restaurant. Israeli military called it an Islamic Jihad training base. Residents later told the Associated Press the camp was abandoned years ago.
    (AP, 10/5/03)(AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 5, Ministers of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met ahead of a leaders' summit on Indonesia's resort island of Bali, with leaders of China, India, Japan and South Korea joining the bloc to sign trade and security accords.
    (AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 5, In Malaysian Borneo armed kidnappers riding in a speedboat raided a remote resort, seizing six people before escaping.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 5, Valentina Matvienko was elected gov. of St. Petersburg. Turnout was under 30%.
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.54)
2003        Oct 5, Pope John Paul II declared three missionaries to be saints: Daniele Comboni, an Italian; Arnold Janssen, a German; and Josef Freinademetz, an Austrian.
    (AP, 10/5/03)
2003        Oct 5, In Somalia Annalena Tonelli (60), an Italian aid worker who dedicated 33 years of her life to helping Somalis, was shot and killed outside the hospital she founded to treat tuberculosis patients.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2004        Oct 5, Americans David J. Gross, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek won the 2004 Nobel Prize in physics for their explanation of the force that binds particles inside the atomic nucleus. Their theory of quantum chromodynamics explained who quarks behave.
    (AP, 10/5/04)(SFC, 10/6/04, p.A2)
2004        Oct 5, The US vetoed an Arab-backed UN Security Council resolution demanding that the Jewish state immediately end military operations and called the resolution "lopsided and unbalanced." 11 of 15 voted in favor with 3 abstentions.
    (AP, 10/6/04)
2004        Oct 5, US Vice Pres. Dick Cheney and Sen. John Edwards slugged it out over jobs, judgment and Iraq in a hard-hitting debate.
    (AP, 10/6/04)
2004        Oct 5, A Louisiana state judge threw out the new constitutional amendment banning gay marriage because it also banned civil unions.
    (SFC, 10/6/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 4, Tiger Woods married Swedish model Elin Nordegren in Barbados.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2004        Oct 5, Supermarket janitors in California won a $22.4 million settlement against 3 grocery chains and a cleaning contractor in a class-action suit over failure to pay for overtime.
    (SFC, 10/6/04, p.B3)
2004        Oct 5, The first Web 2.0 Conference opened for a 3-day session at the Hotel Nikko in San Francisco.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.71)(http://conferences.oreillynet.com/web2con/)
2004        Oct 5, Light crude oil for November closed at a record $51.09 per barrel.
    (SFC, 10/6/04, p.C1)
2004        Oct 5, Rodney Dangerfield (82), comedian and film actor, died in LA. He was best known for his line: "I don't get no respect."
    (AP, 10/6/04)(SFC, 10/6/04, p.A2)
2004        Oct 5, Texas executed Edward Green despite pleas by Houston’s police chief for a moratorium because of suspect work by the city’s crime lab.
    (WSJ, 10/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 5, Britain pulled the license of a Liverpool factory responsible for manufacturing half of Chiron Corp.’s US flu vaccine supply due to contamination by the bacteria serratia.
    (SFC, 10/6/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/7/04, p.B6)
2004        Oct 5, The Canadian submarine HMCS Chicoutimi went adrift in the Atlantic off the northwestern coast of Ireland since a blaze onboard caused a loss of power. Lieutenant Chris Saunders, one of nine crew members hurt in the fire, died after a British helicopter flew him to a hospital in Ireland.
    (AP, 10/7/04)
2004        Oct 5, In Chechnya Maj. Gen. Alu Alkhanov was sworn in as president.
    (AP, 10/5/04)
2004        Oct 5, New data showed unemployment in Germany, the eurozone's biggest economy, is continuing to rise and could even reach five million by the winter.
    (AP, 10/5/04)
2004        Oct 5, In India at least 10 people were killed and seven wounded in a fresh bout of militant violence in the restive northeastern state of Assam.
    (AFP, 10/5/04)
2004        Oct 5, Iran said its missiles now have a range of more than 1,200 miles, a substantial extension of their previously declared range.
    (AP, 10/5/04)
2004        Oct 5, Interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi said negotiators hammered out the basis for an agreement to end fighting with followers of radical Shiite Muslim cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. 2 car bombs exploded in the insurgent stronghold of Ramadi, killing four Iraqis and prompting clashes between U.S. troops and gunmen. 10 Iraqi policemen, including a lieutenant colonel, were killed in two separate attacks south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/5/04)
2004        Oct 5, An Israeli aircraft launched a missile at a car in Gaza City, killing at least 2 militants and wounding three others. A helicopter strike in Gaza killed Bashir Al Dabash (42), a senior Islamic Jihad leader, as well as his bodyguard. Iyman Hams, a 13-year-old Palestinian girl, was shot and killed by Israeli forces, which soon prompted an investigation. In 2005 an Israeli military court acquitted an army captain who was charged with intentionally killing the Palestinian girl, saying she was already dead when he shot her.
    (AP, 10/5/04)(SFC, 10/6/04, p.A17)(SFC, 10/13/04, p.A14)(AP, 11/16/05)
2004        Oct 5, A Russian cargo plane crashed in war-ravaged southern Sudan, killing all four people onboard.
    (AP, 10/6/04)
2004        Oct 5, In Belgrade, Serbia, 2 soldiers were killed guarding the entrance to a secret complex. It was soon revealed that a 2-square-mile complex, dubbed a "concrete underground city" by the local media, had been built deep inside a rocky hill in a residential area in the 1960s on the orders of communist strongman Josip Broz Tito.
    (AP, 11/19/04)

2005        Oct 5, Defying the White House, US senators voted 90-9 to approve an amendment that would prohibit the use of "cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment" against anyone in U.S. government custody.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2005        Oct 5, Americans Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock and Yves Chauvin of France won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work in metathesis, a technique for moving groups of atoms from one molecule to another. Their discoveries let industry create drugs and advanced plastics in a more efficient and environmentally friendly way.
    (AP, 10/5/05)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.87)
2005        Oct 5, In a move meant to send a message to Uzbekistan, the US Senate voted to block the payment of $23 million for past use of an air base that the Uzbek government recently said will no longer host U.S. aircraft and troops.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Lawrence Franklin (58), a Pentagon employee, admitted in court he provided classified defense information to an Israeli diplomat and two employees of (AIPAC), a pro-Israel lobby group in 2003-2004. In 2006 Franklin was sentenced to over 12 years in prison.
    (AFP, 10/6/05)(SFC, 1/21/06, p.A4)
2005        Oct 5, The City Council of Oakland, Ca., approved a 3 dog limit for city residents. Breeders, kennels and rescue groups were exempted.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 5, The DJIA dropped nearly 124 points to 10,317.36 over inflation concerns.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 5, A team of US researchers announced the successful rebuilding of a replica of the 1918 Spanish flu virus. The genetic blueprint was published on the Internet. Their success was based on an original sample recovered from a frozen corpse in Alaska in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 5, NASA announced that short burst type of Gamma Ray Bursters involved the collision of either 2 neutron stars or of a neutron star and a black hole. Gamma Ray Bursters were 1st discovered in 1967 and later 2 types were identified. The long burst type had previously been explained as radiation from the collapse of a massive star.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 5, Hurricane Stan knocked down trees, ripped roofs off homes and washed out bridges in southeastern Mexico, but it was the storms it helped spawn that were far more destructive, killing more than 65 people in Central America. Officials in El Salvador said 49 people had been killed, mostly due to two days of mudslides sparked by rains. 9 people died in Nicaragua, including six migrants believed to be Ecuadorians killed in a boat accident. Four deaths were reported in Honduras, three in Guatemala and one in Costa Rica.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Daniel Alfredsson scored twice in the final six minutes of regulation and once during the first shootout in NHL history, leading Ottawa to a 3-2 win over Toronto.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2005        Oct 5, Iran's foreign minister met with Omani officials, part of a tour of Gulf countries to win support for his government's standoff with the West over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Iraq's parliament voted to reverse last-minute changes to rules for next week's referendum on a new constitution after the UN said they were unfair. Sunni Arabs responded by dropping their threat to boycott the vote and promised to reject the charter at the polls.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, A bomb exploded at the entrance of a Shiite Muslim mosque south of Baghdad as hundreds of worshippers gathered for prayers on the first day of Ramadan and for the funeral of a man killed in an earlier bombing. At least 25 people were killed and 87 wounded. In Kirkuk assassins killed Nubiel Sharaf Aldeen, a retired police official.
    (AP, 10/5/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A14)
2005        Oct 5, A video showing two Iraqi men being beheaded for allegedly spying for the United States was posted on a militant Islamic Web site, and the Ansar al-Sunnah Army claimed it had carried out the executions.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Toyota Motor Corp. said it has agreed to buy an 8.7 percent stake in rival Japanese automaker Fuji Heavy Industries, the maker of Subaru cars, from General Motors Corp. for about $315 million.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, Some 500 African immigrants defied increased security and tried to surge across razor-wire fences separating Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Melilla, the 5th such rush in a week. The assault in a week prompted Spain to announce plans to expel the illegal migrants.
    (AP, 10/6/05)
2005        Oct 5, Drug agents found 3,904 pounds of cocaine in the steel oxygen tank, one of the largest drug busts in Puerto Rico's history. The DEA has estimated that as much as 20 percent of the cocaine that reaches the US moves through the Caribbean. Traffickers love Puerto Rico because after their drugs arrive on the island, they can be hidden amid regular cargo and shipped onward, bypassing routine searches because Puerto Rico is part of the United States.
    (AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Oct 5, In southern Thailand suspected Islamic insurgents shot and killed five soldiers as they ate dinner at a military outpost.
    (AP, 10/5/05)
2005        Oct 5, The official Herald newspaper reported Zimbabwe needs to import more grain to feed at least 2.2 million needy people who cannot fend for themselves until the new harvest next April.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2006        Oct 5, In Miami, Florida, inauguration ceremonies were held for the Carnival Center for the Performing Arts.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.32)
2006        Oct 5, The House ethics committee opened an expansive investigation into the unfolding congressional page sex scandal that resulted in the resignation of US Rep. Mark Foley, R-Fla.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2006        Oct 5, Demonstrations took place in 150 cities across the US, Canada and Switzerland led by the “World Can’t Wait – Drive Out the Bush Regime" campaign.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.B7)
2006        Oct 5, Howard Stapleton won the 2006 Ig Nobel Peace Prize for his "electromechanical teenager repellant," a device that produces a sound audible only to those 30 or younger. The device was made famous last May when it was discovered that teenagers had adopted the sound as a ring tone, so that teachers couldn't hear them receiving calls in class.
    (http://news.zdnet.com/2100-9596_22-6123388.html)
2006        Oct 5, The DJIA rose 16.24 to 11,866.69, to close at record high for the 3rd day in a row. Nasdaq rose 15.39 to 2,306.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 5, In California a state appeals court ruled 2-1 that gays and lesbians have no constitutional right to marry in California.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 5, In Miami, Florida, inauguration ceremonies were held for the Carnival Center for the Performing Arts.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.32)
2006        Oct 5, In Apex, North Carolina, a fire began at the EQ Industrial Services hazardous waste plant and a chlorine cloud rose high over the area. The next morning as many as 17,000 people were urged to flee homes on the outskirts of Raleigh.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, NATO took over eastern Afghanistan from US-led forces, assuming control of 12,000 American troops and extending its military role to the entire country.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, Friedrich Karl Flick (79), Austrian billionaire industrialist, died. His father was convicted at Nuremburg in 1947 of using slave labor in Nazi Germany. In 1981 Flick became embroiled in a major postwar political party financing scandal when it surfaced that some of his managers had given millions of German marks to German political parties. Flick sold his company to Deutsche Bank in 1985.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Bolivia rival miners' groups agreed to a truce after a day of clashes over access to one of South America's richest tin mines left at least 9 people dead and 40 injured.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Brazil environmentalist Eduardo Veado (46) and his wife, Simone Furtini Abras (41) died after being run over as they walked along a country road in Minas Gerais state. Veado had received death threats for denouncing illegal logging around the town of Ipanema.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 5, Survivors told police that at least 20 migrants drowned when their boat split while sailing from Africa to Spain's Canary Islands. 7 adults and 4 children were picked up by a South African ship some 120 miles south of the Canary Islands and brought to a port on Gran Canaria island overnight.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, China criticized newly imposed EU antidumping tariffs on Chinese shoes as unlawful and threatened possible retaliation.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Ethiopia Alemayehu Fantu, a businessman, was arrested and charged with distributing calendars with pictures of opposition leaders. The calendars called for non-violent civil disobedience to bring down the government.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.56)
2006        Oct 5, The European Central Bank, sticking to its tough line on inflation, raised its key interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point to 3.25% and hinted that another rate increase is in the offing before next year.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, EU ministers endorsed a plan to make permanent joint patrols that pick up migrants on the high seas, moving to end internal divisions over dealing with a surge of illegal immigration from Africa.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, Georgians voted in municipal elections seen as a crucial test for President Mikhail Saakashvili during a diplomatic crisis with Russia.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Tegucigalpa, Honduras, a fire raged through a building housing abused women and their families, killing three adults and six children.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Baghdad, where she warned Iraqi leaders they had limited time to settle their differences. A car bomb exploded in the mainly Shiite neighborhood of Hurriyah in Baghdad, killing two people and wounding two more. Another bomb struck a group of laborers waiting for work at a downtown square in the capital, killing two and wounding 26. Bombings and shooting in and around Baqouba left seven dead. Mohammed Ridha Mohammed, a Kurdish lawmaker, was kidnapped and shot to death and Shiite militias were held responsible for killing. Mohammed was a member of the Islamic Group, a conservative Sunni party in the Kurdish Alliance. One person was killed and four wounded in a double bombing outside a neighborhood power generator in Baghdad’s Qahira district. Police found the bodies of five men in their 30s, the apparent victims of sectarian death squads, their hands and feet bound and signs of torture on their bodies. Police found 7 bodies floating in the area of Suwayrah. Gunmen killed Naseer Shamil (37), a former Iraqi national volleyball player and a Shiite, in his shop in Baghdad. One American soldier with the 3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division, died near Beiji.
    (AP, 10/6/06)(AP, 10/7/06)(AP, 10/5/07)
2006        Oct 5, In Oaxaca, Mexico, a teacher was hacked to death. A colleague claimed the man was killed for opposing a teachers' strike. Jaime Rene Calva Aragon was on his way to a meeting when he was killed by two assailants wielding hefty ice picks.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, Researchers in Norway announced the discovery of the remains of a short-necked plesiosaur, a prehistoric marine reptile the size of a bus, that they believe is the first complete skeleton ever found. The 150 million year old remains of the 33-foot ocean going predator were found in August on the remote Svalbard Islands of the Arctic.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In northwestern Pakistan a gunbattle between rival Sunni and Shiite Muslims left at least 13 people dead and seven wounded in a remote tribal area.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, Russia froze Georgians’ work permits and nearly doubled its gas bill.
    (WSJ, 10/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 5, In Sri Lanka relatives and aid workers said the K-faction, a feared militia on Sri Lanka's volatile eastern coast, has abducted hundreds of men and boys, some as young as 12, to fight in the country's civil war, with the government's consent. The Karuna faction split from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in 2004.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, The US called emergency UN Security Council consultations after Sudan warned nations considering troops for Darfur that their action was a "prelude to an invasion."
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Suriname a homeless man was slain by an ax-wielding assailant in Paramaribo. It was the 4th killing this year of homeless men while they slept on the streets of Suriname's capital. Police wondered if a serial killer is on the loose.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        Oct 5, Thai coup leaders agreed to talk with southern rebels reversing Thaksin’s confrontational approach to the insurgency.
    (WSJ, 10/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 5, US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) said the EU's decision to abandon a trade pact with the reclusive Central Asian state of Turkmenistan was a "landmark move against tyranny."
    (Reuters, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, The Latvian and Thai candidates dropped out of the race to become the next U.N. chief on Thursday, leaving South Korea's foreign minister as the lone remaining contender and near-certain successor to Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 10/5/06)
2006        Oct 5, In Uzbekistan a court sentenced Ulugbek Khaidarov, an independent rights activist and journalist, to six years in jail for extortion amid a sweeping government crackdown on dissidents in the tightly controlled ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2007        Oct 5, It was reported that approval ratings for Pres. George Bush had dropped to 31%. Approval for Congress’s performance fell to 22%. Bush defended his administration's methods of detaining and questioning terrorism suspects, saying they were successful and lawful.
    (WSJ, 10/5/07, p.A1)(AP, 10/5/08)
2007        Oct 5, The US EPA approved methyl iodide as a new agricultural pesticide to replace methyl bromide, despite protests from over 50 scientists, who noted that it was a known carcinogen and neurotoxin.
    (SSFC, 10/7/07, p.A18)
2007        Oct 5, Marion Jones (31), three-time Olympic gold medalist, pleaded guilty in White Plains, NY, to lying to federal investigators when she denied using performance-enhancing drugs, and announced her retirement. Jones said she took steroids from September 2000 to July 2001 and said she was told by her then-coach Trevor Graham that she was taking flaxseed oil when it was actually "the clear." Jones also pleaded guilty to a second count of lying to investigators about her association with a check-fraud scheme.
    (AP, 10/6/07)
2007        Oct 5, Topps Meat Co. of Newark, NJ, founded in 1940, said a massive meat recall has forced it out of business. Government scientists have yet to determine the source of the E. coli contamination that appears to have sickened 32 people who ate its hamburgers.
    (AP, 10/6/07)
2007        Oct 5, Afghan and US-led coalition troops clashed with insurgents during a raid in eastern Afghanistan, and civilians as well as militants were killed. In the country's volatile south, a suicide bomber approaching NATO and Afghan forces blew himself up prematurely in Helmand province's Sangin district, killing two children.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2007        Oct 5, Chinese medical officials agreed not to transplant organs from prisoners or others in custody, except into members of their immediate families. The agreement was reached at a meeting of the World Medical Association in Copenhagen.
    (AP, 10/6/07)
2007        Oct 5, Colombia’s Constitutional Court ruled that gays may add their partners to health insurance plans.
    (SSFC, 10/7/07, p.A5)
2007        Oct 5, Europe's .eu Internet domain registrar EURid said the Internet address www.sex.asia is likely to be the domain name most in demand next week when dot Asia Web sites are launched.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2007        Oct 5, Finland’s justice ministry said PM Matti Vanhanen is suing his ex-girlfriend for revealing details of their relationship in a tell-all book published earlier this year.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2007        Oct 5, Nearly 300 participants started twisting and turning a small multicolored cube on the first day of the Rubik's Cube World Championships in Budapest, the birthplace of the cult puzzle.
    (AFP, 10/7/07)
2007        Oct 5, US forces backed by attack aircraft killed at least 25 Shiite militia fighters north of Baghdad in an operation targeting a cell accused of smuggling weapons from Iran. An Iraqi army official claimed civilians, including seven children, were among those killed in the raid. A Shiite militia leader accused of forcibly removing Sunnis from their homes north of Baghdad was captured in a raid. 3 Americans were killed in roadside bombings in Baghdad and near Beiji to the north.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(AP, 10/6/07)
2007        Oct 5, Japan put its first satellite into orbit around the moon, placing the country a step ahead of China and India in an increasingly heated space race in Asia.
    (AP, 10/5/07)
2007        Oct 5, Record floods, that have wreaked havoc across Africa, killed at least 20,000 wildebeests making their way to Kenya during their annual “great migration." The animals, also known as gnus, were swept away by a river that broke its banks in southern Kenya's Maasai Mara park. Kenya Wildlife Service on Oct 13 said floods that have wreaked havoc across Africa killed 5,000 wildebeests, and not tens of thousands, blaming tourists for exaggerating the toll.
    (AFP, 10/11/07)(AFP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 5, In Myanmar acting Ambassador Shari Villarosa met with Deputy Foreign Minister Maung Myint in the remote jungle capital of Naypitaw (Naypyidaw). During her visit, she was expected to repeat the US view that the regime must meet with democratic opposition groups and "stop the iron crackdown" on peaceful demonstrators. The US said it would propose a UN Security Council resolution imposing sanctions on Myanmar if the government there does not "respond constructively" to international concern about repression of pro-democracy protests.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.27)
2007        Oct 5, Nepal's ruling parties reluctantly agreed to Maoist demands to postpone upcoming elections, ending one political crisis in the Himalayan nation but still leaving the two sides deadlocked over other issues. 3 communist rebels shot and killed Birendra Shah a crusading journalist. The group's leadership later said they did not order the slaying and that the three men who took part have been kicked out of the Maoist political party.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(AP, 11/6/07)
2007        Oct 5, On the eve of Pakistan's presidential vote the highest court ruled that no election winner can be declared until it decides whether Pres. Gen. Musharraf is an eligible candidate. Musharraf pushed toward an alliance with a former premier signing an amnesty clearing her of corruption charges. Pres. Musharraf issued a National Reconciliation Ordnance (NRO) as part of a political deal to allow former PM Benazir Bhutto to return from years of exile to Pakistan. By 2009 over 8,000 government officials were reported to have benefited from the decree. The amnesty lapsed on Nov 28, 2009, by order of the Supreme Court. On Jan 19, 2010, the Supreme Court released a 287-page judgement explaining why it had ruled the NRO unconstitutional.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(SFC, 11/23/09, p.A3)(Econ, 11/27/09, p.29)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.40)
2007        Oct 5, Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, Saudi Arabia's king, announced an overhaul of the country's judicial system, fulfilling a pledge he made several months ago to reform the current heavily-criticized administration.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7029308.stm)(Econ, 10/13/07, p.51)
2007        Oct 5, Insurgents in Somalia killed at least 5 people in a grenade attack at the main market in Mogadishu.
    (WSJ, 10/6/07, p.A1)   
2007        Oct 5, South African prosecutors said they had obtained an arrest warrant for national police chief and Interpol president Jackie Selebi, as one of his friends appeared in court on murder charges.
    (AFP, 10/5/07)

2008        Oct 5, The United States opened a trade office in Libya to boost economic ties with the oil-rich state.
    (AFP, 10/6/08)
2008        Oct 5, The Illinois attorney general's office said that Bank of America was modifying loans for customers in 11 states.
    (AP, 10/6/08)
2008        Oct 5, In northern California 8 people were killed when a passenger bus, carrying 41 senior Laotian, casino-bound gamblers, ran off a rural road near Williams. Police the next day arrested driver Quintin J. Watts (52) on suspicion of driving under the influence. Daniel E. Cobb (68), owner of the bus, was among the dead. The bus had invalid plates and identification numbers and a lapsed corporate registration. A 9th victim died on Oct 10.
    (SFC, 10/6/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/7/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B3)
2008        Oct 5, Abu Dhabi’s Mubadala Development Co. and Texas-based ConocoPhillips said they have signed a deal with Kazakhstan’s national oil company to drill in a potentially lucrative region in the Caspian Sea.
    (SFC, 10/6/08, p.D1)
2008        Oct 5, Afghan and US troops clashed and called airstrikes on a group of insurgents in southern Zabul province, killing 43 militants.
    (AP, 10/7/08)
2008        Oct 5, Isolated shootings in Brazil soured municipal elections that President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's allies hope will give them a leg up on 2010's presidential vote.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, In Egypt 13 people were killed and 24 injured when a bus and a truck collided head-on south of Cairo.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, Germany joined Ireland and Greece in guaranteeing all private bank accounts, putting Europe's biggest economy at odds with calls for a unified European response to the global financial meltdown.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, Hong Kong said it found two Cadbury chocolate products contained considerably more of the industrial chemical melamine than the city's legal limit in a growing scandal over Chinese tainted food.  China attempted to contain the fallout from the tainted milk scandal, announcing a new survey of dairy products showed no traces of melamine and promising to subsidize farmers hit by the scare.
    (AP, 10/5/08)(AFP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, A Georgian Interior Ministry official said Russian troops have begun dismantling positions in the so-called security zones inside Georgia that they have occupied since August's brief but intense war.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, Iceland’s government and banks scrambled to rescue the country’s banking system. Its economy was one of the hardest hit by the global financial crises.
    (WSJ, 10/5/08, p.A13)
2008        Oct 5, Clashes between Hindus and Muslims in Dhule, a western Indian town left at least four people dead and 80 injured, forcing police to impose a curfew.
    (AP, 10/6/08)
2008        Oct 5, Ahmed Abul Gheit, the first Egyptian foreign minister to visit Iraq in nearly two decades, arrived in Baghdad and promised to help Iraq face its challenges. 11 people, including women and children, were killed after US forces came under attack by gunfire and a suicide bomber during a raid in Mosul. There were no casualties among American forces. Elsewhere in the northern city, gunmen opened fire on mourners in a funeral tent, killing 5 people and wounding 7 others. American troops acting on a tip killed Abu Qaswarah (also known as Abu Sara), the No. 2 leader of al-Qaida in Iraq in a raid in the northern city of Mosul. The Moroccan was known for his ability to recruit and motivate foreign fighters.
    (AP, 10/5/08)(SFC, 10/6/08, p.A3)(AP, 10/15/08)
2008        Oct 5, In Israel PM Olmert's Cabinet agreed to hand over to Russia a small tract known as Sergei's Courtyard. The area, which once accommodated Russian pilgrims visiting the Holy Land, now houses offices of Israel's Agriculture Ministry and the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel.
    (AP, 10/7/08)
2008        Oct 5, A 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck the mountains of Central Asia, destroying Nura village in Kyrgyzstan and killing at least 75 people including 41 children.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(AP, 10/7/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B6)
2008        Oct 5, In southern Mexico 5 state police officers were arrested in connection with a deadly raid to dislodge protesters from a Mayan archaeological site. Mexican authorities seized 7 million pills of pseudoephedrine, the main ingredient used to make methamphetamine, at the Guadalajara airport. More than 1,100 pounds (500 kilograms) of the pills were found packed in 24 boxes on a shipment from Calcutta, India. Three separate shipments of more than a ton each were confiscated last month at Mexico City's airport. Those also originated in Calcutta.
    (AP, 10/6/08)
2008        Oct 5, MEND, the main militant group in Nigeria's oil-producing Niger Delta, said it had released around 19 Nigerian oil workers kidnapped last month but was still holding two Britons and a Ukrainian.
    (Reuters, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, In Pakistan a three-day ultimatum from the government for Afghans living illegally in Bajur to leave was due to expire today. But of an estimated 80,000 Afghans, only about 15,000 had left.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, Iba Ndiaye (b.1928), Senegalese modernist painter, died in Paris.
    (SSFC, 10/19/08, p.B6)
2008        Oct 5, Apirak Kosayodhin, the leader of Thailand's opposition Democrat Party, won re-election as governor of Bangkok, defeating the ruling party candidate as well as a one-time sex tycoon. Thai police arrested Chamlong Srimuang, a key protest leader and one-time Bangkok mayor, on charges of insurrection in a continuing crackdown against an anti-government movement that spearheaded the ouster of a prime minister last month.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5, In western Turkey a truck packed with illegal immigrants from Afghanistan and Myanmar overturned, killing 18 people and injuring 23.
    (AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 5-2008 Oct 17, Arab militia attacked at least 15 Sudanese villages. Aid workers and a rights watchdog later said the violence near Muhagariya, a south Darfur flashpoint has displaced 12,000 people and killed more than 40 civilians.
    (AP, 10/25/08)

2009        Oct 5, President Barack Obama ordered the federal government, the nation's largest energy user, to cut its greenhouse gas emissions and to reduce its impact on the environment.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/mcclatchy/3326813)
2009        Oct 5, Americans Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak won the 2009 Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering a key mechanism in the genetic operations of cells, an insight that has inspired new lines of research into cancer.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Don Hill, a former Dallas Mayor Pro Tem, was convicted in a bribery and extortion scheme that prosecutors called the largest in Dallas history.
    (SFC, 10/6/09, p.A5)
2009        Oct 5, Drugmaker Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. said its new diabetes drugs, Onglyza, has been approved for sale in the European Union's 27 countries.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Afghan election workers began recounting ballots from the disputed Aug. 20 presidential election, and a senior official said he expected to announce late next week whether President Hamid Karzai had won or would face a runoff with his main rival. One British soldier died after an explosion in southern Afghanistan. The Afghan defense ministry said Afghan and American forces killed 40 militants in 24 hours as they hunted in mountainous eastern Afghanistan for insurgents behind the Oct 3 attacks.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Belgium hundreds of dairy farmers drove tractors into Brussels to pressure EU farm ministers on declining milk prices, as 20 of 27 member nations called for more protection from the volatile world market.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, The first official history of Britain's MI5 was published, ending 100 years of secrecy over British spying during two world wars, the Cold War and the current fight against Islamic extremism. "The Defence Of The Realm: The Authorized History of MI5" was written by Cambridge University historian Christopher Andrew, who was given virtually unrestricted access to some 400,000 files, and even joined the domestic intelligence agency himself.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.87)
2009        Oct 5, In Burundi 2 days of clashes began as government forces fired live rounds in the air to deter hundreds of Congolese refugees from returning home. Some 900 refugees had decided to return home on foot rather than be transferred to a new camp further away from the border with Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Chile 4 former top army officials were sentenced to prison in the murder of a colonel shortly after he testified about a 1991 illegal deal to smuggle weapons to Croatia.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, Rafael Calderon, former Costa Rican president (1990-1994), was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison for embezzling funds from a Finnish loan intended for medical equipment for public hospitals.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Dubai's annual property fair, the Cityscape expo, opened as a toned down event.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, It was reported that conservative Egyptian lawmakers have called for a ban on imports of a Chinese-made kit meant to help women fake their virginity and one scholar has even called for the "exile" of anyone who imports or uses it. The Artificial Virginity Hymen kit, distributed by the Chinese company Gigimo, costs about $30. It is intended to help newly married women fool their husbands into believing they are virgins.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Ethiopia's President Girma Woldegiorgis told parliament that government is aiming to achieve double-digit economic growth in 2009. An official from the Oxfam charity said as many as 6.2 million Ethiopians need emergency humanitarian assistance due to severe drought.
    (AFP, 10/6/09)(Reuters, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, Honduras interim President Roberto Micheletti said an emergency decree that prohibited large street protests and limited other civil liberties following the return of ousted Honduran President Manuel Zelaya "has been completely revoked."
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least six mourners at funeral for a member of a prominent tribe with ties to both security forces and insurgents in Haditha, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Mexico gunmen burst into a bar in the northern border city Ciudad Juarez and shot 5 men to death. Soldiers arrested Eduar Vera (30), a suspect linked to at least 27 killings. In the southern state of Guerrero, gunmen killed two state police officers in the city of Iguala.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Mexico efforts to film Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez's latest novel, "Memories of My Melancholy Whores" (2004), met resistance as an anti-prostitution group sought to block production, charging the movie will promote child prostitution. The Regional Coalition Against Trafficking in Women and Girls in Latin America and the Caribbean filed a criminal complaint with Mexico's Attorney General's Office.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Pakistan a suicide bomber disguised as a security officer struck the lobby of the UN food agency's headquarters in Islamabad, killing five people a day after the new leader of the Pakistani Taliban vowed fresh assaults.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, A South Korean lawmaker, Kwon Young-se, said North Korea has received the equivalent of about $2.2 billion under deals aimed at persuading the isolated nation to dismantle its nuclear facilities, in what his office said is the first accounting of the cost of the failed strategy. In addition to the money it was given in the disarmament-for-aid deals, the North has also received nearly 4 trillion won ($3.4 billion) of food, fertilizer and other humanitarian aid from the US, South Korea and international organizations over the past 10 years.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il amid efforts to bring Pyongyang back to nuclear disarmament talks. China pledged to strengthen bonds with isolated North Korea, calling their relationship a boon to peace.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)(Reuters, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Thailand a train derailed during heavy rains near the coastal city of Hua Hin, killing 7 people, including a 2-year-old girl, and injuring 88 others. A fact-finding panel later said the deadly crash was the fault of the driver who fell asleep after taking antihistamines and other cold medicine.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 5, Police in Uganda arrested Idelphonse Nizeyimana, one of the most wanted suspects from Rwanda's 1994 genocide. The former army captain and senior intelligence officer and others prepared lists of Tutsi intellectuals and those in authority before handing the lists to troops and militia who then killed them.
    (Reuters, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, A UN agency said Norway enjoys the world's highest quality of life, while Niger suffers the lowest, as it released Human Development Index, a ranking that highlights the wide disparities in well-being between rich and poor countries.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/)

2010        Oct 5, Two Russian-born scientists shared the Nobel Prize in physics for groundbreaking experiments with ultrathin carbon. University of Manchester professors Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov used Scotch tape to isolate graphene, a form of carbon only one atom thick but more than 100 times stronger than steel, and showed it has exceptional properties, the strongest and thinnest material known to mankind.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, US ATF deputy director Kenneth Melson and Mexico Attorney General Arturo Chavez signed a memorandum of understanding that will increase to 30 a month the number of people trained to use the program, known as eTrace, an electronic database that can trace the manufacture, import, sale and ownership of guns.
    (AP, 10/6/10)
2010        May 5, Faisal Shahzad (30), a US citizen who on May 1, drove a bomb-laden SUV meant to cause a fireball in Times Square, was sentenced to life in prison. The Pakistani immigrant had pleaded guilty on June 21 to 10 terrorism and weapons counts.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, San Francisco unveiled its Kindergarten to College program, the nation’s first city-bankrolled college savings plan. Public school kindergartners will get one-time payments of at least $50 as part of a program to be rolled out over 3 years. Additional contributions were to come from EARN and the San Francisco Foundation based on parental contributions.
    (SFC, 10/5/10, p.A1)
2010        Oct 5, Illinois police officer Brian Dorian (37) of Lynwood, allegedly began a spree of random shooting that left one person dead and 2 wounded. Dorian was arrested on Oct 8. Dorian was freed on Oct 13. An attorney said he was the victim of a botched investigation. 
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/10, p.A9)
2010        Oct 5, In Afghanistan roadside bombings in Kandahar city killed 9 people, including 5 children, and 30 left injured, including many police officers. A major shipment of drugs was intercepted by a combined force after a highway gunbattle in Kandahar that killed an unspecified number of "insurgents." A NATO airstrike killed Qari Ziauddin, identified as the Taliban's "shadow" governor of Faryab province, and four other insurgents. In neighboring Badghis province, a helicopter-borne raid by a joint force led to a gunbattle that killed Mohammad Ismail Quarisaderdin, another Taliban leader described as a shadow governor. Five other Taliban commanders also died in the operation.
    (AP, 10/6/10)
2010        Oct 5, In the Bahamas a twin-engine Cessna 402 carrying a pilot and at least eight passengers crashed into Lake Killarney near the international airport in, Nassau, after one of its engines caught fire. Officials soon found the body of a 9th victim from the crash of what may have been an illegal charter flight to a cultural festival. They said a 10th passenger may missing as well.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 5, In Brazil a ruling posted on the Sao Paulo electoral court's website said there is sufficient doubt about whether comic performer Tiririca, which means "grumpy" in Portuguese, meets a constitutional mandate that federal lawmakers be literate. Francisco Silva, who got more votes than any other candidate for Congress, will have to convince authorities he can read and write if he wants to take office.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, Fellow rebels handed over Congolese commander Sadoke Kokunda Mayele. He was arrested for allegedly leading fighters in the mass gang-rapes of more than 300 people from July 30 to August 2.
    (AP, 10/6/10)
2010        Oct 5, In Zagreb, Croatia, artists Olinka Vistica and Drazen Grubisic opened the first permanent gallery of their Museum of Broken Relationships.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.96)(http://new.brokenships.com/en)
2010        Oct 5, A leading independent Egyptian daily, Al-Dustour, announced that it has fired chief editor Ibrahim Eissa, an outspoken government critic, amid what journalists are calling a state crackdown on the media ahead of parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, In France former Societe Generale SA trader Jerome Kerviel was convicted on all counts in one of history's biggest trading frauds. He was sentenced to three years in jail, with 2 years suspended, and was ordered to repay the bank euro4.9 billion ($6.7 billion) in damages.
    (AP, 10/5/10)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.110)
2010        Oct 5, Police in southern France arrested 12 suspects in sweeps against suspected Islamic militant networks, including three men linked to a network recruiting fighters for Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, Iran claimed that the Stuxnet computer worm, found on the laptops of several employees at the country's nuclear power plant, is part of a covert Western plot to derail its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/5/10)  
2010        Oct 5, In Iraq gunmen in the northern city of Mosul ambushed and killed the director of the city's crime lab in the latest targeted killing of security officials and government workers.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, In Myanmar detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi launched a legal battle against the ruling military junta, suing to keep her political party intact after it was disbanded earlier this year under Myanmar's new party registration law.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, Medecines Sans Frontieres (MSF) said lead poisoning has killed more than 400 children under five in the past six months in the northern Nigerian state of Zamfara.
    (AFP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, In Northern Ireland a dissident Irish Republican Army car bomb damaged a hotel, bank and other businesses but caused no injuries in Londonderry, the sixth such attack this year in the British territory.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, In northwestern Pakistan a small bomb damaged a truck that was carrying oil to NATO troops in Afghanistan, the latest attack on stalled supply convoys since Pakistan shut a key border crossing to international forces last week.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, Portugal's Pres. Anibal Cavaco Silva opened a new cancer and neuroscience research center in Lisbon that aims to be among the world's best.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, In Somalia fighting in Mogadishu left seven people dead.
    (AP, 10/6/10)
2010        Oct 5, South Africa launched a special wildlife crime unit to tackle a dramatic surge in rhino poaching driven by demand for the animal's horn in Asia for use in traditional medicines.
    (AFP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 5, In Thailand a blast blew out the side of a residential building in a Bangkok suburb killing 4 people and injuring nine. Police found bomb-making materials in the apartment, including fertilizer contained in fire extinguishers, electrical circuit boards and high-voltage batteries. Samai Wongsuwan, a Red Shirt supporter, was believed to be one of the dead.
    (AP, 10/5/10)(AP, 10/6/10)

2011        Oct 5, President Barack Obama signed legislation to keep the federal government running for another six weeks. Congress must now finish work on agency budgets for the new fiscal year. The law provides funding for government operations through Nov 18.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, US defense officials said the Obama administration has agreed to base Aegis Cruisers on Spain's coast, as part of the anti-ballistic missile defense system to protect Europe against a potential Iranian nuclear threat.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, A US federal grand jury charged Mohamad Anas Haitham Soueid (47) with six counts for spying on activists in the United States and Syria opposed to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's regime. Soueid of Leesburg, Va., was arrested on Oct 11.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 5, The US coast Guard said it is bringing 36,000 gallons of drinking water to Tokelau 1,500 residents, who were suffering from a severe drought.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 5, In San Francisco some 800 people marched downtown joining a growing movement whose followers believe that the nation’s financial system is broken and its distribution of wealth unfair.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A10)
2011        Oct 5, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth (89), a dynamic leader of the civil rights movement, died in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A7)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.100)
2011        Oct 5, Steve Jobs (56), the mastermind behind Apple's iPhone, iPad, iPod, iMac and iTunes, died. Millions of people around the world mourned digital-gadget genius Steve Jobs as a man whose wizardry transformed their lives in big ways and small. Walter Isaacson soon published the biography “Steve Jobs."
    (AP, 10/6/11)(Econ, 10/29/11, p.98)
2011        Oct 5, In Cupertino, Ca., Shareff Allman (49), an employee of a quarry, opened fire during a company safety meeting, killing 3 people and wounding six before escaping. Allman shot himself in the head the next day as Santa Clara deputies confronted him in Sunnyvale.
    (AP, 10/6/11)(SFC, 10/7/11, p.A1)(SFC, 10/12/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 5, The Afghan intelligence service said 6 people, including a palace guard, have been arrested after an alleged Al-Qaeda plot to assassinate Afghan President Hamid Karzai was foiled. The men were arrested a week ago and were said to have carried out training for the attack last month.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 5, Bahrain's security court convicted and sentenced 19 more people to prison terms for taking part in Shiite-led protests against the Gulf nation's ruling Sunni dynasty. The sentences brought the total number this week to at least 81.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, A prosecutor told a London court that 2 Pakistani cricketers took bribes to fix parts of a match against England in a case that exposes "rampant corruption" at the heart of the international game.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Datawind, a British technology company, released a student tablet costing $35. It claimed to have developed the world's least expensive computer tablet for wireless Internet access. In February, 2012, Datawind released an updated version of the Aakash computer tablet for the commercial market that costs $50.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(http://tinyurl.com/79ngd6m)
2011        Oct 5, A Cambodia disaster official said the worst floods in over a decade have killed 167 people, as efforts intensified to provide aid to tens of thousands of families.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Chilean students, led by Camila Vallejo (23), began face-to-face talks with the government over their demands for profound changes in what they say is the country's unequal and underfunded public school system.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Suspected drug traffickers hijacked two Chinese cargo ships on the Mekong River in northern Thailand. The bodies of 13 crew members were found near Chiang Rai, Thailand on Oct 7,8 and 10. Burmese drug lord Naw Kham was arrested in Laos in May. In Nov, 2012, he and 3 of his associates were sentenced to death by a court in Kunming. Thai police continued to search for 9 Thai soldiers believed to have been accomplices.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.43)
2011        Oct 5, Three Egyptian columnists withheld their regular commentaries in an independent daily to protest what they said was censorship by the country's military rulers.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, India introduced a cheap tablet computer, saying it would deliver modern technology to the countryside to help lift villagers out of poverty. Developer Datawind is selling the tablets, called Aakash, or "sky" in Hindi, to the government for about $45 each. Subsidies will reduce that to $35 for students and teachers.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, In Iraq gunmen killed two people and injured three while robbing gold shops in southwestern Baghdad. A car bomb exploded next to a police patrol in western Anbar province, killing one policeman.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Israeli scientist Dan Shechtman was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for a discovery that faced skepticism and mockery. While doing research in the US in 1982, Shechtman discovered a new chemical structure, quasicrystals, that researchers previously thought was impossible.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, In New Zealand the 47,000 ton Liberian-flagged container vessel "Rena" ran aground on the Astrolabe reef about 12 nautical miles (22 km) off the North Island. Maritime New Zealand soon declared the vessel a hazardous ship as an oil slick more than doubled in size in just a few hours on the Bay of Plenty. The ship had 1,368 containers on board. On Feb 29, 2012, the captain and the navigating officer, both Filipino, pleaded guilty to mishandling the vessel and altering ship documents. On May 25, 2012, they were each sentenced to seven months in jail.
    (AP, 10/6/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 11/14/11, p.A2)(AP, 2/29/12)(AP, 5/25/12)
2011        Oct 5, A one-day Palestinian teachers' strike closed 238 UN-run schools in the Gaza Strip and escalated long-simmering tensions between the territory's Hamas rulers and the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA).
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Russia's intelligence service said it has detained an alleged Chinese spy who tried to obtain designs of an advanced missile system as part of Beijing's efforts to update its weaponry. Prosecutors submitted the case to the Moscow City Court today, although the man was detained late last October.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, The Spanish Duchess of Alba (85), considered the world's most title-laden noble, married Alfonso Diez, a civil servant 25 years her junior, shrugging off her children's qualms and celebrating by kicking off her shoes and dancing flamenco. Estimates of her wealth ranged from euro600 million ($800 million) to euro3.5 billion ($4.7 billion).
    (AP, 10/6/11)
2011        Oct 5, A woman appeared on Syrian state television claiming that she is the young Syrian, Zainab al-Hosni, who was widely reported to have been beheaded and mutilated by security agents while in custody last month. Amnesty International issued a statement saying: "If the body was not that of Zainab al-Hosni, then clearly the Syrian authorities need to disclose whose it was, the cause and circumstances of the death, and why Zainab al-Hosni's family were informed that she was the victim."
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Syrian Colonel Riad al-Asaad, who now heads a group of army defectors calling themselves the Free Syrian Army, said he has fled Syria and found refuge in neighboring Turkey.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra met Myanmar's president during her first visit to the military-dominated country since she took office in August.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his government would announce a package of sanctions against neighboring Syria despite a UN resolution blocked by Russia and China.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 5, In Yemen a US drone strike east of Zinjibar killed 5 Al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (SFC, 10/6/11, p.A2)

2012        Oct 5, Better than expected US jobs figures that included a surprise fall in the unemployment rate to its lowest level since January 2009.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, In Colorado fifth-grader Jessica Ridgeway (10) never showed up at a nearby park where she was supposed to meet friends for the one-mile walk to her elementary school. On Oct 10 her body was found in an Arvada, Colo., park, just a few miles from where she went missing. On Oct 23 police arrested Austin Reed Sigg (17) in connection with the murder. Sigg confessed to killing Ridgeway.
    (SFC, 10/13/12, p.A5)(SFC, 10/26/12, p.A9)
2012        Oct 5, In Florida about 30 contestants ate roaches during a contest at Ben Siegel Reptile Store in Deerfield Beach about 40 miles north of Miami. The grand prize was a python. Edward Archbold (32) of West Palm Beach became ill shortly after the contest ended and collapsed in front of the store. He was taken to the hospital where he was pronounced dead.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 5, Bahrain riot police used water cannons and tear gas to disperse hundreds of anti-government protesters trying to reach a heavily guarded site that was once the hub of their uprising.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Britain's High Court ruled that three elderly Kenyans tortured during a rebellion against British colonial rule can proceed with compensation claims against the British government.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Radical preacher Abu Hamza al-Masri (54) and four other terror suspects were extradited from the U.K. after Britain's High Court ruled they had no more grounds for appeal in their years long battles to avoid facing charges in the United States. Al-Masri was wanted in the US on charges that included conspiring to set up a terrorist training camp in Oregon and helping abduct 16 hostages in Yemen in 1998.
    (AP, 10/5/12)(SFC, 10/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 5, In China some 3-4 thousand workers at the Foxconn plant in Zhengzhou reportedly went on strike over increased quality control standards. Foxconn, maker of Apple’s iPhones, said the next day that production continued without interruption.
    (SSFC, 10/7/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 5, National Bank of Greece, the debt-crippled country's biggest lender by assets, announced a public offer to merge with its largest domestic competitor, Eurobank.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Thousands of indigenous Guatemalans shouted in anger and some threw themselves at the coffins of six local people who were shot to death during a protest over electricity prices and educational reform in a poor rural area.
    (AP, 10/6/12)
2012        Oct 5, In Iraq a double bombing near a Shiite mosque in Baghdad killed five people, including four worshippers.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, In Israel a young American (23) shot and killed a chef at a hotel in the Red Sea resort city of Eilat, before forces from an anti-terror unit shot the gunman dead. The incident appeared to be based on a personal dispute.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Thousands of Jordanians rallied to call for a boycott of upcoming legislative elections, a challenge to King Abdullah II who has promoted a parliament-centered reform process to stave off an Arab Spring uprising in his country.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Ten European and North African leaders meet in Malta for the first such summit of Mediterranean neighbors in a decade, with the agenda focused on fighting terrorism and lawlessness, and strengthening political and economic cooperation in the aftermath of the Arab Spring.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Mexico's President Felipe Calderon announced that the state-owned oil company has found possible reserves of as much as 125 million barrels of oil at a deep-water well in the Gulf of Mexico. Petroleos Mexicanos said the area known as the Perdido belt contains prospective reserves that could amount to as much as 13 billion barrels of crude equivalent.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Mexican archaeologists said they uncovered the largest number of skulls ever found in one offering at Mexico City's Templo Mayor, the most sacred temple of the Aztec empire dating back more than 500 years.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, In northeastern Nigeria a bombing by suspected Boko Haram members killed an army lieutenant. This sparked a violent retaliation by soldiers.
    (AP, 10/15/12)
2012        Oct 5, In South Africa Anglo American Platinum fired 12,000 striking miners for staging an unlawful strike that is one of several that are slowly paralyzing South Africa's crucial mining sector.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, The Spanish government agreed to participate in NATO's anti-missile shield that will see specialized United States warships based at a Spanish base already used by the US Navy.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Syrian warplanes and artillery pounded the central city of Homs, subjecting the rebel stronghold to its heaviest bombardment in months.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Turkish troops fired at Syria again, responding to another mortar shell from Syria that struck Turkish territory.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, In Vietnam two vessels collided in Halong Bay. 18 Taiwanese tourists were plunged into the bay without life jackets and 5 drowned.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2013        Oct 5, Thomas Momson, head of the Mormon Church, said that worldwide membership in the Church of Jesus Christ Latter-day Saints has reached 15 million.
    (SSFC, 10/6/13, p.A10)
2013        Oct 5, Latif Mehsud, a senior Pakistani Taliban commander, was arrested by American forces in eastern Logar province's district of Mohammad Agha. The Washington Post reported on Oct 11 that he was forcibly snatched from an Afghan government convoy in Logar province several weeks ago as Afghan officials were trying to recruit him to launch peace talks.
    (AP, 10/11/13)(Reuters, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 5, In southern Afghanistan a gunman, possibly a private security guard, shot dead a member of the US-led international coalition before himself being killed.
    (AP, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 5, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez (60) was told by doctors to take a month off because of a subdural hematoma on her brain, forcing her to abandon campaigning for important congressional elections taking place later this month.
    (AP, 10/6/13)
2013        Oct 5, In northern Colombia  a twin-engine turboprop plane crashed  while on a US counter-drug mission, killing 3 American contractors and a Panamanian aboard. It had been tracking a suspected smuggling vessel over the western Caribbean when it lost radio contact.
    (AP, 10/6/13)
2013        Oct 5, In Iraq attacks across the country killed 56 people. This included two television journalists, killed by unidentified gunmen, as they were filming in the northern city of Mosul. The journalists worked for television channel al-Sharqiya News, which is often critical of the government and is popular among the Sunni minority. 51 people were killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/5/13)(SFC, 10/14/13, p.A3)
2013        Oct 5, Italian state news media reported that filmmaker Carlo Lizzani (91), a much-lauded protagonist of Italian Neorealism, has died. The Academy of Italian Cinema awarded him best director for his 1968 film "The Violent Four" about a manhunt for bank robbers.
    (AP, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 5, In Libya gunmen attacked a military post near Bani Walid, a former stronghold of supporters of Muammar Gaddafi, killing 16 soldiers.
    (AFP, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 5, In Libya the US Army’s Delta Force seized Nazih Abdul-Hamed al-Ruqai (1964-2015), aka Abu Anas al-Libi, outside his Tripoli home and whisked him out of the country. The senior al-Qaida militant is accused by the US of involvement in the Aug 7, 1998, bombings of two American embassies in Africa.
    (AP, 10/6/13)(SSFC, 1/3/15, p.A5)
2013        Oct 5, In Mali Tuareg separatists said they were rejoining the peace process in northern Mali, just over a week after they pulled out and accused Bamako of not respecting the terms of a truce signed in June.
    (Reuters, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 5, In northern Mexico at least 8 people, including 3 children, were killed and 79 were wounded when a monster truck careened into a crowd at a show at the El Rejon dam on the outskirts of Chihuahua.
    (Reuters, 10/6/13)
2013        Oct 5, In northern Nigeria suspected Islamic militants lured the faithful to a mosque then gunned them down. The gunmen killed at least 7 people before being attacked by soldiers guarding Damboa village. 15 attackers were reported killed.
    (AP, 10/7/13)
2013        Oct 5, Russia shrugged off Dutch legal action over its detention and prosecution of Greenpeace activists for piracy, saying the group's protest at an Arctic oil platform had been "pure provocation."
    (Reuters, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 5, In Somalia a commando unit from the US Navy’s Seal Team Six carried out a pre-dawn strike against foreign fighters in Barawe. The US troops were faced with heavier-than-expected return fire, and pulled out to avoid civilian casualties. The raid’s target was Abdulkadir Mohamed Abdulkadir, a Kenyan of Somali origin who is a foreign fighter commander for the Islamist Shebab group.
    (AP, 10/5/13)(AP, 10/6/13)(AFP, 10/7/13)
2013        Oct 5, In northern Spain tens of thousands of people took to the streets to protest a crackdown on an association that aids jailed members of armed Basque separatist group ETA.
    (AFP, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 5, Syrian government forces shelled al-Mitras, a vulnerable Sunni community in a coastal province dominated by President Bashar Assad's Alawite sect, raising fears that residents of the isolated town could face mass killings by pro-Damascus militias. Government forces reached an agreement with local officials to stop the shelling of Mitras in exchange for the surrender of dozens of opposition fighters.
    (AP, 10/5/13)(SSFC, 10/6/13, p.A8)

2014        Oct 5, Hewlett-Packard said it will split into two businesses, one for PCs and printers and the other for data center hardware and services for corporations.
    (SFC, 10/6/14, p.A1)
2014        Oct 5, Human Rights Watch accused the United Arab Emirates of secretly arresting 10 Libyan citizens and six Emiratis in August and September and called on authorities in Abu Dhabi to reveal their whereabouts.
    (AP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, Brazil held presidential elections. Polls showed Pres. Dilma Rousseff as the front runner in a race that is likely to go to a runoff on Oct. 26. Her main rivals were Marina Silva, a hero of the global conservation movement now with the Brazilian Socialist Party, and Aecio Neves, a senator and former state governor. Rousseff won 41.6 percent of the vote and Aecio Neves took second place with 33.6 percent.
    (Reuters, 10/5/14)(Reuters, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, Bulgaria held snap parliamentary elections. The center right GERB party, led by Boyko Borisov (55), won with 32.7 percent. The Socialists came second with 15.4 percent.
    (Reuters, 10/5/14)(AP, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, In Chechnya a suicide bomber killed 5 police officers and injured 12 more during festivities for a local holiday in Grozny.
    (Reuters, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, An Egyptian jihadist group released a video showing the execution of 4 men, including three being beheaded, accused of spying for the army and for Israel's Mossad intelligence service.
    (AFP, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, In France tens of thousands took to the streets in Paris and Bordeaux to demonstrate for what protesters called "traditional family values" and against assisted pregnancies and surrogacy. It was organized by the "Manif pour Tous" ("Protest for Everyone") group.
    (AFP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, In northern Greece a 35-car highway pileup killed 5 motorists and injured dozens near Veria. A Romanian truck driver (39) was soon remanded in prison pending trial for multiple manslaughter. The driver said his brakes had failed.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 5, Hong Kong students occupying the area outside city government headquarters agreed to remove some barricades that have blocked the building's entrance during the weeklong demonstrations. It was not immediately clear how significant the move was and how much it would defuse the standoff.
    (AP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, In Iraq militants from the Islamic State group publicly killed six Iraqi soldiers in Hit, captured in Anbar province, where the extremists continue to advance despite an expanding US-led campaign of airstrikes.
    (AP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, In Japan Typhoon Phanfone washed away 3 US Air Force members on Okinawa as it headed for Tokyo.
    (AP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, Kurdish forces battled overnight with Islamists trying to seize a hill overlooking a Syrian border town with Turkey as US-led coalition warplanes carried out raids on the militants. At least 11 Kurdish fighters and 16 Islamic State insurgents were killed in the overnight clashes.
    (Reuters, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, In eastern Libya the Shura Council of Islamic Youth in Derna pledged allegiance to the Islamic State.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.57)
2014        Oct 5, In southern Mexico two gang hitmen linked to police admitted to killing 17 of 43 students missing in Iguala.
    (AFP, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, In Pakistan a suspected US drone strike killed 5 militants in South Waziristan including a senior ethnic Uzbek commander.
    (Reuters, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, Hundreds of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip prayed at Jerusalem's most important mosque, the first time Israel has allowed such visits from the coastal enclave since the Hamas militant group overran the area in 2007.
    (AP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, In the southern Philippines 2 Swiss men were gunned down at a beach resort in Opol town in an attack that did not appear to be a robbery or an act of terrorism. Their Filipino girlfriends were not injured.
    (AP, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, In Portugal hundreds of teachers from across the country demonstrated in Lisbon to protest government education policies, especially spending cuts.
    (SFC, 10/6/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 5, Yuri Lyubimov (b.1917), founder and director of Moscow’s Taganka Theater (1964-1983 and 1989-2011), died in Moscow.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taganka_Theatre)(Econ, 10/25/14, p.94)
2014        Oct 5, Somali troops backed by African peacekeepers recaptured Barawe, the last major port held by the Shebab, removing a key source of revenue for the Islamist militia.
    (AFP, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, In northwestern Syria Franciscan Father Hanna Jallouf and 20 other Christians were seized by Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front at Qunyeh village, Idlib province. Father Jallouf was released on Oct 9.
    (AFP, 10/7/14)(AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 5, Gunmen crossed from Syria into eastern Lebanon and attacked posts of the Shiite movement Hezbollah, sparking fierce clashes. The Nusra Front attacked several Hezbollah positions on the Lebanese and Syrian side of the border simultaneously. At least 8 Hezbollah fighters were reported killed.
    (AFP, 10/5/14)(AP, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, In eastern Ukraine artillery blasts rocked Donetsk, exactly one month since the rebels signed a 12-point agreement with Kiev's representatives to try to halt the hostilities. Ukraine says 75 soldiers and civilians have been killed since the official ceasefire on September 5.
    (AFP, 10/5/14)

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