Today in History - October 8

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451        Oct 8, Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opened. The Council declared that the two natures of Christ, divine and human, were united without change, division or confusion in Christ. This led to the formation of the Coptic Monophysite Church which continued to hold that Jesus had but one divine nature. Copt comes from the Arabic word for Egyptian.
    (CU, 6/87)(SFC, 3/31/97, p.A9)(MC, 10/8/01)

705        Oct 8, Abd al-Malik, caliph of Damascus, died.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

876        Oct 8, Charles the Bald was defeated at the Battle of Andernach. Louis the Young beat Charles the Bare.
    (HN, 10/8/98)(MC, 10/8/01)

1085        Oct 8, San Marcos monastery in Venice started.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1094        Oct 8, St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice was dedicated. Remains believed to have belonged to St Mark, the Evangelist, were buried there.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Marco_di_Venezia)

1565        Oct 8, Spanish Friar Andres de Urdaneta arrived in Acapulco after sailing as far as 38 degrees North latitude to obtain favorable winds. 14 of the crew died on the voyage from the Philippines. During the voyage he sighted land believed to be the California coast. His route became famous and trusted for sailing from Manila to Acapulco and became known as the Manila galleon. In 1939 William Lytle Schurz authored “The Manila Galleon." 
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9s_de_Urdaneta)(SFC, 10/17/97, p.A25)(SFC, 2/7/15, p.D1)

1582        Oct 8, This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, Mar, 1990)

1585        Oct 8, Heinrich Schutz, German composer, was born. [see Oct 14]
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1690        Oct 8, Belgrade was retaken by the Turks.
    (HN, 10/8/98)

1692        Oct 8, Massachusetts Bay Governor Phipps ordered that spectral evidence no longer be admitted in witchcraft trials. Twenty people had died in the Salem witch trials. In 2005 Richard Francis authored “Judge Sewall’s Apology." Sewall was one of 3 judges presiding over the Salem trials. In 2006 the governor of Massachusetts signed legislation exonerating 5 women executed in the Salem witch trials of 1692, whose names had not yet been cleared.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rlj1)(WSJ, 8/9/05, p.D8)(WSJ, 9/15/06, p.A10)

1754        Oct 8, Henry Fielding (b.1707), English lawyer and author, died at 47. He wrote "Tom Jones" in 1749. A film based on the novel was made in 1963. A TV production premiered in 1998.
    (SFEM, 11/24/96, p.59)(SFC, 4/2/98, p.E1)(MC, 10/8/01)

1775        Oct 8, Officers decided to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army. [see Jul 10, Oct 23, Nov 12, Dec 31]
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1793        Oct 8, John Hancock, US merchant and signer (Declaration of Independence), died at 56.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1806        Oct 8, British forces laid siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1810        Oct 8, James Wilson Marshall, discoverer of gold in California, was born.
    (HN, 10/8/99)

1815        Oct 8, General Joachim Murat's forces landed at Pizzo, Italy.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1818        Oct 8, 2 English boxers were 1st to use padded gloves.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1822        Oct 8, The Galunggung volcano on Java sent boiling sludge into valley. The eruption left 4,011 dead. The long-inactive volcano erupted Apr 4 and blew its top on Apr 12. The Oct 8 and Oct 12 eruptions left 4,011 dead.
    (www.emergency-management.net/volcanic.htm)

1834        Oct 8, Francois-Adrien Boiledieu, composer (La Dame Blanche), died at 58.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1835        Oct 8, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reached James Island, Galapagos archipelago.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1840        Oct 8, King William I of Holland abdicated.
    (HN, 10/8/98)

1856        Oct 8, Chinese police boarded the British vessel Arrow, arrested 12 Chinese crewmen on suspicion of piracy and lowered the British flag. This began the 2nd Anglo-Chinese War.
    (EWH, 4th ed, p.911)(MC, 10/8/01)

1862        Oct 8, The Union was victorious at the Battle of Perryville, the largest Civil War combat to take place in Kentucky.
    (HN, 10/8/98)

1865        Oct 8-1865 Oct 9, An earthquake hit San Francisco.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1865        Oct 8, Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, composer, died at 51.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1869        Oct 8, Franklin Pierce (64), the 14th president (1853-1857) of the United States, died in Concord, N.H.
    (AP, 10/8/97)(MC, 10/8/01)

1870        Oct 8, Louis Vierne, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1871         Oct 8, Around 9 p.m. on Sunday a fire broke out in or near Patrick and Catherine O'Leary's barn in the crowded southwestern section of Chicago. Fanned by high winds, the fire burned out of control in the tinder-dry city for more than 24 hours, until rain on Tuesday morning finally extinguished the flames. Three and a half square miles were leveled wiping out one-third of the city. The business district, the courthouse and the central water pumping station, burned to the ground. Thousands of Chicagoans fled the flames over the Randolph Street Bridge. Approximately 250 people were killed in the fire; 98,500 people were left homeless; 17,450 buildings were destroyed. The original Emancipation Proclamation was destroyed. Yet in spite of the devastation, the city was so quickly rebuilt that by 1875, few traces of the fire remained. Many people still believe that Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern which started the fire. The Chicago City Council once passed a resolution exonerating the cow and apologizing to the O'Leary family. Pegleg O’Sullivan kicked over a lantern after breaking into the O’Leary dairy barn to steal milk for a whiskey punch party.
    (HNPD, 10/8/98)(HN, 10/8/98)(MC, 10/8/01)(SFC, 1/11/03, p.D6)
1871        Oct 8, The 1938 film "In Old Chicago," with Tyrone Power and Alice Faye, was a musical that built up to the Chicago fire.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.40)(Hem., 7/95, p.83)(AP, 10/8/97)(TVM, 1975, p.276)(SFEC, 5/10/98, p.C8)

1871        Oct 8-14, In Peshtigo, Wisc., some 1,500 people were killed in the nation’s worst forest fire, which burned across six counties and into Michigan. Fires also broke out in the Michigan communities of Holland, Manistee and Port Huron.
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(WSJ, 8/4/04, p.B1)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(AP, 10/8/08)

1890         Oct 8, Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (d.1973) was born in Columbus, Ohio. He became America's "Ace of Aces" in World War I with more than 20 kills. Rickenbacker was already a famous race car driver when he entered World War I at age 28. Although he was considered too old to become an aviator, "Rick," ultimately won the Medal of Honor for his wartime exploits. "If a thing is old, it is a sign that it was fit to live. ... The guarantee of continuity is quality."
    (HNPD, 10/7/98)(AP, 10/8/98)(HN, 10/8/98)

1892        Oct 8, Sergei Rachmaninoff first publicly performed his piano "Prelude in C-sharp Minor" in Moscow.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1895        Oct 8, Juan Peron, Argentinean dictator, was born. He served as President from 1946-55 and 1973-74.
    (HN, 10/8/98)(MC, 10/8/01)

1897        Oct 8, Journalist Charles Henry Dow, founder of the Wall Street Journal, began charting trends of stocks and bonds.
    (HN, 10/8/00)
1897        Oct 8, Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Vienna Opera.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1900        Oct 8, Maximilian Harden was sentenced to six months in prison for publishing an article critical of the German Kaiser.
    (HN, 10/8/98)

1906        Oct 8, Karl Ludwig Nessler first demonstrated a machine in London that put permanent waves in hair. The client wore a dozen brass curlers, each weighing two pounds, for the six-hour process.
    (HN, 10/8/00)

1912        Oct 8, Montenegro declared war on Turkey beginning the 1st Balkan War. Balkan League members followed Montenegro 10 days later [see Oct 18].
    (http://www.onwar.com/aced/data/bravo/balkan1912.htm)

1915        Oct 8, WWI, battle of Loos ended with virtually no gains for either side. There was loss of over one hundred thousand French, British, and German lives in this battle. It marked the first use of poisonous gas by the British, which drifted back to the British trenches.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1917        Oct 8, Rodney Porter, British biochemist and Nobel Prize winner, was born.
    (HN, 10/8/00)
1917        Oct 8, Leon Trotsky was named chairman of Petrograd Soviet.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1918        Oct 8, Alvin Callum York (1887-164) almost single-handedly killed 25 German soldiers and captured 132 in the Argonne Forest in France. Corporal Alvin C. York's platoon was advancing toward the Decauville railway when they were hit with machine-gun fire from all sides. The doughboys captured one gun, but the noise drew the fire of the remaining German emplacements, killing six and seriously wounding three Americans. As the most senior of the remaining doughboys, York went out alone to engage the enemy with just his rifle and service revolver, picking off the machine-gunners one by one. When the fighting was over, York had single-handedly eliminated 35 machine guns, killed more than 20 Germans and taken 132 members of a Prussian Guards regiment as prisoners. A modest man, York shrugged off his heroic actions, saying, "It's over; let's forget it."
    (AP, 10/8/97)(HNPD, 12/13/98)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvin_C._York)

1919        Oct 8, The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives passed the Volstead Prohibition Enforcement Bill. It was named for Representative Andrew Volstead of Minnesota and enforced the ban on the sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages. This rang in the era of prohibition.
    (HN, 10/8/98)(MC, 10/8/01)

1920        Oct 8, Frank [Patrick] Herbert, US, sci-fi author (Dune), was born.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1922        Oct 8, Dr. Christiaan Barnard, Pioneering South African heart-transplant surgeon, was born.
    (MC, 10/8/01)
1922        Oct 8, Lilian Gatlin became the first woman pilot to fly across the United States.
    (HN, 10/8/98)

1926        Oct 8, Cesar Milstein, molecular biologist, was born.
    (HN, 10/8/00)
1926        Oct 8, Physicist Julius Lilienfield filed a US patent application titled "Method and Apparatus for Controlling Electric Currents." This proposed the use of semiconductors for switching and amplification purposes. He was awarded US patent 1,745,175 on Jan 28, 1930.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.72)(www.jmargolin.com/history/1745175.pdf)

1930        Oct 8, Paul Hogan, Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee, Lightning Jack), was born.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1934        Oct 8, Bruno Hauptmann, a carpenter and illegal alien, was indicted for murder in the death of the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh. He had been caught with $14,000 of the Lindbergh baby ransom money.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A16)(AP, 10/8/97)

1938        Oct 8, G. Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1939        Oct 8, Germany annexed Western Poland.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1940        Oct 8, German troops occupied Romania.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1941        Oct 8, Jesse Jackson, civil rights leader, was born in Greenville, SC.
    (HN, 10/8/98)(MC, 10/8/01)
1941        Oct 8, Construction began on the 430-acre Birkenau extermination camp, 1.5 miles away from Auschwitz.
    (MC, 10/8/01)(WSJ, 8/14/02, p.A8)

1942        Oct 8, Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey Into the Valley).
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1944        Oct 8, "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" made its debut on CBS Radio on Ozzie (1906-1975) and Harriet (1909-1994) Nelson’s ninth wedding anniversary. In 1949 their sons David (1936-2011) and Rickie (1940-1985) joined the cast.
    (AP, 10/8/98)(SFC, 1/13/11, p.C6)

1945        Oct 8, President Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
    (AP, 10/8/97)
1945        Oct 8, Felix Salten (b.1869), Austrian writer and the creator of Disney’s Bambi (1923), died in Switzerland. In 1906 he authored the novel Josephine Mutzenbacher, the fictional autobiography of a Vienna prostitute, a notorious pornographic novel.
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.102)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Salten)

1946        Oct 8, Dennis Kucinich, US Congressmen for Ohio, was born in Cleveland. He stood as a presidential candidate in 2004 and in 2008.
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.D2)(WSJ, 1/25/08, p.A1)

1952        Oct 8, The Chinese began an offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1953        Oct 8, Birmingham, Alabama, barred Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there. Robinson gave in and dropped white players from his group.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1956        Oct 8, Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series to date as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers in Game 5, 2-0.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

1957        Oct 8, The Brooklyn Baseball Club announced it was accepting an offer to move the Dodgers from New York to Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
1957        Oct 8, Jack Soble, confessed Soviet spy, was sentenced in NYC to 7 years for espionage.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1958        Oct 8, Dr. Ake Senning installed the 1st fully implantable pacemaker in Stockholm. Arne Larsson (43) received the pacemaker, which was built Dr. Rune Elmqvist. Larsson died in 2001 after receiving 26 different pacemakers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_cardiac_pacemaker)(Econ, 3/7/09, TQ p.25)

1959        Oct 8, In Britain Harold MacMillan (b.1894) won re-election as prime minister.
     (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_general_election,_1959)

1962        Oct 8, Former Pres. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon visited San Francisco as the SF Giants beat the NY Yankees in a World Series baseball game.
    (SSFC, 10/7/12, DB p.46)

1965        Nov 8, The American television soap opera “Days of Our Lives" premiered with Frances Reid (1914-2010) as Alice Horton. Reid spent over 40 years playing Alice Horton on the daytime soap.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yl39ccf)(AP, 11/8/05)
1965        Oct 8, London's Post Office Tower opened as the tallest building in England.
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1967        Oct 8, Clement R. Attlee (84), former premier of Great Britain (1945-51), died.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

1968        Oct 8, US forces in Vietnam launched Operation Sealord, an attack on North Vietnamese supply lines and base areas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Sealords)

1970        Oct 8, Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1971        Oct 8, Canada’s PM Pierre Trudeau declared Canada to be bilingual and multicultural.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.39)(www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/legacy/chap-6b.asp)

1972        Oct 8, The TV series "Hec Ramsey" premiered with Richard Boone as a gunfighter intrigued with new methods of criminology. It was written, directed and produced by Douglas Benton (d.2000 at 75).
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D11)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068077/)

1974        Oct 8, President Gerald Ford’s WIN (Whip Inflation Now) program was announced in response to a high inflation rate. Consumer prices rose 12.2 percent in 1974. The WIN program, introduced by Ford to a national television audience, included tax and spending assistance to hard-pressed industries, a five percent tax surcharge, reduced federal spending and tight monetary policies. During 1974 unemployment jumped from 5 percent to more than 7 percent, interest rates climbed to 12 percent, the stock market fell 28 percent, automobile sales collapsed. In 1974 real economic growth was negative 5 percent.
    (HNQ, 11/1/99)
1974        Oct 8, The Franklin National Bank, the 20th largest US bank, collapsed in obscure circumstances. A Fed bailout pumped money into Franklin National Bank, which was later merged into a large bank owned by six foreign banks.
    (WSJ, 9/25/98, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_National_Bank)

1975        Oct 8, Chiura Obata (b.1885), Japanese American artist, died in Berkeley, Ca. He was a faculty member in the Art Department at the University of California at Berkeley from 1932 to 1953, interrupted by World War II, when he spent over a year in internment camps.
    (SFC, 11/12/08, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/yzykwlg)

1977        Oct 8, In Missouri Joseph Paul Franklin (1950-2013), a white supremacist who targeted blacks and Jews, killed Gerald Gordon in a sniper shooting at the Richmond Heights Brith Shalom synagogue.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Paul_Franklin)(SFC, 11/21/13, p.A10)

1979        Oct 8, "Sugar Babies" opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC and continued for 1208 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugar_Babies)

1980        Oct 8, British Leyland started selling the Mini Metro.
    (www.austin-rover.co.uk/index.htm?lc8storyf.htm)
1980        Oct 8-1980 Oct 9, In Buffalo, NY, 2 African American taxi drivers were murdered and found with their hearts cut out.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c37rd)

1981        Oct 8, At the White House, President Reagan greeted former presidents Carter, Ford and Nixon, who were preparing to travel to Egypt for the funeral of Anwar Sadat.
    (AP, 10/8/97)
1981        Oct 8, An explosive device at the Univ. of Utah was defused. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC, 11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1982        Oct 8, All labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1983        Oct 8, Joan Hackett (b.1942), American film actress, died. Her films included “Only When I Laugh" (1981).
    (SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Hackett)

1985        Oct 8, The hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro killed American passenger Leon Klinghoffer, dumping his body and wheelchair overboard. A case was filed against the PLO and settled in 1997. The hijackers surrendered to Egyptian authorities and were turned over to Italy which let Abbas slip out of the country.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A4)(AP, 10/8/97)

1987        Oct 8, US helicopter gunships in the Persian Gulf sank three Iranian patrol boats after an American observation helicopter was fired on. Two of six Iranian crewmen taken from the water later died.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1989        Oct 8, The Oakland A's won the American League pennant for the second year in a row by defeating the Toronto Blue Jays.
    (AP, 10/8/99)

1990        Oct 8, American doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas were named recipients of the Nobel Prize in medicine for their discoveries about organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(AP, 10/8/00)
1990        Oct 8, The US House approved a revised deficit-reducing budget plan, and both chambers of Congress approved stopgap spending legislation to end a government shutdown.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1990        Oct 8, Israeli police opened fire on rioting Palestinians on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, killing 17.
    (AP, 10/8/00)

1991        Oct 8, The U.S. Senate postponed its vote on Clarence Thomas' Supreme Court nomination to investigate allegations that he'd sexually harassed a former aide, Anita Hill.
    (AP, 10/8/01)
1991        Oct 8, A federal judge in Anchorage, Alaska, approved a five-billion-dollar settlement against Exxon for the Valdez oil spill.
    (www.explorenorth.com/library/weekly/aa032499.htm)
1991        Oct 8, Slovenia and Croatia began operating independently from Yugoslavia. Slovenia took over its own borders and began printing its own money.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_modern_Croatia)(http://tinyurl.com/p5rhu)(SFC, 5/26/96, T-5)

1992        Oct 8, Derek Walcott (1930-2013), West Indies born poet (Saint Lucia), was named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature. In 1997 his collection of poems "The Bounty" was published. In 2014 an anthology of his poetry was published.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.1)(AP, 10/8/97)(Econ, 3/20/10, p.94)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.81)
1992        Oct 8, Iraqi police seized at gunpoint American bomb disposal expert Chad Hall, who was working in a disputed and ill-defined border area between Iraq and Kuwait. He was released two days later. [see Oct 10]
    (AP, 10/8/02)
1992        Oct 8, Willy Brandt (78), former West German Chancellor (1969-74) and Nobel Peace Prize winner (1971), died in Unkel, Germany.
    {Germany, Nobel Prize}
    (AP, 10/8/97)(http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1971/brandt-cv.html)

1993        Oct 8, The US government issued a report absolving the FBI of wrongdoing in its 51-day siege and final assault in Texas on the Branch Davidian compound, which went up in flames, killing as many as 85 people. It concluded the department and Attorney General Reno made no mistakes and that the cult bore the blame for the fire that destroyed the compound, killing at least 80 people.
    (AP, 10/8/98)
1993        Oct 8, The UN lifted remaining economic sanctions against South Africa.
    (www.anc.org.za/un/gm-93-94b.html)

1994        Oct 8, President Clinton, responding to the massing of Iraqi troops near the Kuwaiti border, warned Saddam Husein not to misjudge "American will or American power" as he ordered additional U.S. forces to the region.
    (AP, 10/8/99)

1995        Oct 8, On the final day of his fourth US pilgrimage, Pope John Paul the Second celebrated Mass at Oriole Park in Baltimore.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1995        Oct 8, Christopher Keene, conductor and musician, died at 48.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9112164)

1996        Oct 8, In Japan it was reported that a man’s haircut costs $48.65.
    (WSJ, 10/8/96, p.A17)
1996        Oct 8, Pope John Paul II underwent a successful operation to remove his inflamed appendix.
    (AP, 10/8/97)
1996        Oct 8, The Nobel Prize in economics was won by British professor James Mirlees of Cambridge and American economist William Vickrey (1914-1996) at Columbia Univ. for their studies on asymmetric information which helps to explain decision making based on varying kinds and amounts of data. The 82-year-old Vickrey died just three days later.
    (SFEC, 10/9/96, p.A8)(AP, 10/8/97)
1996        Oct 8, A Russian Antonov 124 cargo plane crashed in San Francisco al Campo in northwestern Italy. At least 2 crew members and 2 villagers were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/9/96, p.A8)

1997        Oct 8, The House of Representatives opened its own set of hearings on campaign fund-raising abuses.
    (AP, 10/8/98)
1997        Oct 8, Scientists reported the Mars Pathfinder had yielded what could be the strongest evidence yet that Mars might once have been hospitable to life.
    (AP, 10/8/98)
1997        Oct 8, Gueorgui Makharadze, a diplomat from the Republic of Georgia, pleaded guilty in Washington to charges stemming from a car crash that killed Maryland teen-ager Jovianne Waltrick. Makharadze was sentenced to seven years in prison; he initially served his term in a US prison, but was later transferred to Georgia, where he was paroled in 2002.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
1997        Oct 8, A jury in South Carolina ordered Chrysler Corp. to pay $262.5 mil to the parents of a 6-year-old boy killed in a 1994 accident due to a defective rear latch. $250 mil was for punitive damages.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.A6)
1997        Oct 8, A single-engine Cessna-208 was lost in Colorado with 8 employees of the federal Bureau of Reclamation. The plane was found in the Uncompahgre Plateau and all nine passengers were killed.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A5)(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A2)
1997        Oct 8, In Belarus Pavel Sheremet, the TV journalist held for illegally crossing into Lithuania, was released after a 2-month detention. He still faced charges and was not allowed to leave the capital.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C3)
1997        Oct 8, The trial of Maurice Papon opened in Bordeaux after a court rejected his appeal. During the trial the judge called 4 historians to explain the background to the jury. These included Robert O. Paxton, who in 2004 authored The Anatomy of Fascism."
    (AP, 9/18/02)(Econ, 3/13/04, p.85)
1997        Oct 8, In France a 36-hour rail strike disrupted travelers.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 8, In Lebanon two Israeli soldiers were killed in an ambush. The total for the year thus reached 37.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D2)
1997        Oct 8, In North Korea Kim Jong Il was named General Secretary of the Workers' Party, the country’s top leadership post.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C2)(AP, 12/28/11)
1997        Oct 8, It was reported that at least 420 people in western New Guinea had died over the last 23 months from starvation and illness due to the prolonged drought.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 8, The UN imposed sanctions on Sierra Leone to pressure for the restoration of civilian government.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C3)

1998        Oct 8, The Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to Jose Saramago (75) of Portugal. His work included "The History of the Siege of Lisbon" (1989), "Blindness," "Memorial do Convento" (Baltasar and Blimunda, 1982), "The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis" (1984), "The Stone Raft" and "Journey to Portugal."
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.16A)(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1998        Oct 8, The House triggered an open-ended impeachment inquiry against President Clinton in a momentous 258-176 vote; 31 Democrats joined the Republican majority in opening the way for nationally televised impeachment hearings.
    (AP, 10/8/99)
1998        Oct 8, On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average continued falling and was down 275 points at one time but rallied to close down only 10 points at 7731.91. The market turned on news that interest rates would come down.
    (http://tinyurl.com/r9vh7)(http://tinyurl.com/la2wq)
1998        Oct 8, In Port Arthur, Texas, an incinerating plant operated by Waste Management began burning a diluted batch of napalm.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.20A)
1998        Oct 8, Astronomers reported sighting galaxies 12 billion light-years away using the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) on the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.10A)
1998        Oct 8, In France a wildcat transportation strike went into its 3rd day.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)
1998        Oct 8, Iran border troops claimed a victory and said it inflicted heavy casualties over Taliban militia. The Taliban denied any fighting.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.14A)
1998        Oct 8, In Israel one man was killed during a clash in Hebron where Palestinians observed a general strike against Israel’s 8-day blockade of the town.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)
1998        Oct 8, In Japan Prime Minister Obuchi issued an apology to the people of South Korea for 35 years of brutal colonial rule. Pres. Kim Dae-jung of South Korea accepted the written apology, the first ever issued by Japan to an individual country for its actions during WW II
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)
1998        Oct 8, In Kosovo, Serbia, ethnic Albanian rebels declared a unilateral cease-fire.
    (SFC, 10/9/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 8, In northeastern Spain and excursion boat capsized and sank on Lake Banyoles and 20 French tourists were drowned.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A1)

1999        Oct 8, Laila Ali, the 21-year-old daughter of Muhammad Ali, made her professional boxing debut by knocking out opponent April Fowler 31 seconds after the opening bell in Verona, New York.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1999        Oct 8, Pres. Clinton asked the US Senate to postpone a vote on the global nuclear test ban treaty (CTBT) due to insufficient votes for passage [see Oct 13].
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A1)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.64)
1999        Oct 8, President Clinton dedicated a new US embassy in Ottawa, Canada.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1999        Oct 8, It was reported that the US Congress had approved $1 billion over 20 years for 7 luxury aircraft for the Pentagon's top commanders.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 8, A damage award to State Farm auto insurance customers swelled to nearly $1.2 billion after a judge in Illinois ruled that the nation’s largest auto insurer committed fraud by using generic auto-body repair parts. The $730 million award of actual and punitive damages came on top of a jury’s $456 million verdict in the same class-action lawsuit.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1999        Oct 8, In Congo Pres. Kabila ordered foreign businessmen to put down a $500,000 guarantee by Dec. 21 or leave the country. The order came less than a week after he ordered a crackdown on Congo's illegal foreign exchange market, the shutdown of the main commercial district and the arrest of currency traders.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 8, In London a court ruled that Gen'l. Pinochet can be extradited to Spain for trial on torture and conspiracy charges.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 8, In Venezuela authorities suspended 122 judges for corruption and incompetence.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A11)

2000        Oct 8, It was reported that Austria had agreed to pay $400 million to slave and forced laborers sent there by Hitler during WW II.
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A28)
2000        Oct 8, In southwestern Bangladesh fresh rains submerged 25 villages.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8, In Belgium municipal and provincial elections showed the far right Flemish Bloc gaining popular support.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8, Chechen rebels crossed into Ingushetia and attacked a police patrol. 2 officers were killed and 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8-11, In El Salvador a week of deaths from sugarcane liquor contaminated with methyl alcohol increased to 51. Bottles of Thunderbolt were suspected to have been refilled with a mixture of methanol and resold to poor farmworkers. Liquor sales were banned after 117 deaths.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)(SFC, 10/11/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 8, In Lithuania the Social Democrat coalition led by former CP boss, Algirdas Brazauskas, surpassed the ruling Conservatives.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8, In Poland Pres. Aleksander Kwasniewski won a second five-year term in national elections with 55% of the vote.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A10)(AP, 10/8/01)

2001        Oct 8, Tom Ridge was sworn in to head the new US Office of Homeland Security.
    (WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 8, US forces hit Afghanistan with a 2nd wave of attacks. 40 Taliban commanders along with 1,200 men switched sides and handed over control of a provincial road north of Kabul. 4 UN civilian workers were later confirmed as casualties of the bombing; Abdul Saboor, Safiullah, Najibullah and Nasir Ahmad worked for a mine clearing agency. The Taliban ambassador to Pakistan reported 200 civilian casualties.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 8, NYC celebrated its 57th annual Columbus Day Parade.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 8, Leland Hartwell of the Seattle Hutchinson Cancer Research Center won the Nobel Prize in Medicine along with Paul Nurse and Timothy Hunt of London’s Imperial Cancer Research Fund for their work in the mechanics of cell division.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B3)
2001        Oct 8, A 2nd case of anthrax was reported in Ernesto Blanco (73), a co-worker of the man who died Oct 5 in Florida.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 8, Radio commentator Rush Limbaugh told listeners he was virtually deaf. Limbaugh later had an electronic device implanted in his skull that restored much of his hearing.
    (AP, 10/8/02)
2001        Oct 8, In Bogota, Colombia, Luis Alfredo Colmenares, a Representative from Arauca, was assassinated by gunmen on a motorcycle.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B4)
2001        Oct 8, In the Abkhazia region of Georgia a UN helicopter was shot down and 9 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B4)
2001        Oct 8, In Belize 17 Virginians were killed when a dive boat capsized during a hurricane.
    (AP, 10/8/02)
2001        Oct 8, In Milan, Italy, a Scandinavian Airlines SAS jet, Flight 686 to Copenhagen, crashed into a small Cessna on takeoff and 114 people were killed in both planes with 4 killed on the ground. The Cessna had moved onto the wrong runway as the SAS jet took off under foggy conditions.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B1)(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 8, In Pakistan violent protests hit the main cities. At least one protester was killed in Quetta.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 8, A Palestinian rally turned violent as police forces attempted to quell some 2,000 students supportive of Osama bin Laden. 2 students were killed.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 8, Most of the Russian atomic-powered Kursk submarine was raised from the Barents Sea in a $65 million salvage operation by the Dutch Mammoet-Smit Int’l. consortium.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D3)
2001        Oct 8, Syria won a seat on the UN Security Council and was opposed only by Israel.
    (SFC, 10/9/01, p.B1)

2002        Oct 8, President Bush, used the Taft-Hartley Act and won a federal court order to reopen West Coast ports and impose a cease-fire that would end a caustic 10-day labor lockout, which has cost the fragile economy $1 billion to $2 billion a day. A restraining order was issued through Oct 16.
    (AP, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, Two Kuwaitis opened fire on U.S. troops on a military exercise on a Kuwait's Failaka Island in the Persian Gulf, fatally wounding a Marine in what the Interior Ministry called a "terrorist" attack.
    (AP, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, Astronomers reported a frozen object beyond Pluto some 800 miles across. They named it Quaoar, after a creation force in Southern California Indian mythology.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 8, A nasal spray named PT-141, made by Palatin Tech., was reported to raise sexual desire.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 8, The 2002 Red List of Threatened Species, produced by a network of experts, reported that 811 species had disappeared over the last 500 years. 11,167 plants and animals were on the list, up 121 since 2000.
    (ADN, 10/8/02, p.A5)
2002        Oct 8, In Colombia heavily armed police in tanks and on foot raided one of Medellin's most dangerous neighborhoods in an effort to regain control from leftist rebels and their rivals, the right-wing paramilitaries.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 8, Israeli forces entered Hebron following a sniper attack that wounded 4 Israelis. Israeli tankfire killed a Palestinian girl in the Gaza Strip.
    (WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, Japan's government came under pressure to shield the economy from an expected wave of bankruptcies resulting from tough new bank reforms as new evidence emerged that a brief recovery was shuddering to a halt.
    (Reuters, 10/8/02)
2002        Oct 8, Masatoshi Koshiba (76) was named one of this year's Nobel Prize winners for Physics, marking Japan's third science Nobel in as many years. Riccardo Giacconi (71) of Assoc. Univ. in Washington DC and Raymond Davis Jr. (87) of Univ. of Pennsylvania shared the prize awarded for their work on neutrinos that revised thinking about the nature of the universe.
    (AP, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/9/02, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 8, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim separatist militants disguised as policemen stormed a polling station, gunning down two soldiers, as turbulent state elections ended. A 44% turnout ousted the pro-Indian national Conference.
    (Reuters, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A10) 
2002        Oct 8, In Caracas, Venezuela, city police used tear gas to disperse a group of their colleagues who tried to seize the department's communications system in an ongoing eight-day strike.
    (AP, 10/8/02)

2003        Oct 8, Americans Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for studies of tiny transportation tunnels in cell walls, work that illuminates diseases of the heart, kidneys and nervous system.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 8, The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was awarded to American Robert F. Engle (60) of NY Univ. and Briton Clive W.G. Granger (1934-2009) of visiting scholar at Canterbury Univ. in New Zealand for their work in statistical techniques to measure investment risk and track economic trends.
    (WSJ, 10/9/03, p.A2)(USAT, 10/9/03, p.8B)(SFC, 6/3/09, p.B5)
2003        Oct 8, In Arizona officials at Safford Middle School strip-searched Savana Redding (13) after she was suspected of distributing 4 ibuprofen pills. In 2009 the US Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the school officials had violated her rights.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A8)(www.freebase.com/view/guid/9202a8c04000641f800000000b8d2720)
2003        Oct 8,  A day after being elected governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger said he was promised "a very smooth transition" by ousted Gov. Gray Davis and vowed to "open up the books" in dealing the state's ailing economy.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2003        Oct 8, Jarome Iginla of the Calgary Flames was tabbed to become the first black captain in NHL history.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2003        Oct 8, In Colombia a car bomb exploded in a black-market shopping district in downtown Bogota, killing at least six people and wounding 12.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 8, China was reported to have taken the first step toward recognizing the Himalayan territory of Sikkim as a part of India, resolving a long-standing border dispute. Sikkim, located between Nepal and the kingdom of Bhutan, was an independent principality before it was annexed by India in 1975.
    (AP, 10/8/03)
2003        Oct 8, In Indonesia a semi-trailer veered out of its lane and crashed head-on into a school bus near Situbondo. The death toll from a school bus crash reached 54 and police said they had launched a search for a truck driver.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 8, Vietnam and the United States tentatively agreed to allow the first commercial flights between the two countries since the end of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 10/8/03)

2004        Oct 8, Wangari Maathai (64) of Kenya won the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize. During the 1980s and 1990s, she also campaigned against government oppression and founded Kenya's Green Party in 1987. She was repeatedly arrested and beaten for protesting former President Daniel arap Moi's environmental policies and human rights record. In 1991 Maathai won the Goldman Environmental Prize.
    (AP, 10/8/04)(SFC, 10/9/04, p.A14)
2004        Oct 8, In a testy 2nd debate, President Bush and Sen. John Kerry quarreled over the war in Iraq, jobs, education, health care, abortion, the environment, cheaper drugs and tort reform at a town-hall session in St. Louis.
    (SFC, 10/9/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/8/05)
2004        Oct 8, The US September job report showed a disappointing 96,000 new jobs.
    (SFC, 10/9/04, p.C1)
2004        Oct 8, Martha Stewart reported to the Alderson Federal Prison Camp in West Virginia to begin serving her sentence for lying about a stock sale.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2004        Oct 8, Jacques Derrida (74), one of France's best-known philosophers and the founder of the deconstructionist school, died of cancer in Paris.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.A14)(Econ, 10/23/04, p.89)
2004        Oct 8, In Iraq kidnappers displayed a video of the beheading of British hostage Kenneth Bigley (62) following an unsuccessful escape attempt.
    (AP, 10/8/04)(SFC, 10/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 8, American warplanes struck a building where the U.S. command said leaders of al-Zarqawi's network were meeting. Residents said the house was full of people who had gathered for a wedding. The attack killed 13 people, including the groom.
    (AP, 10/8/04)
2004        Oct 8, Israeli Soldiers shot and killed a 10-year-old Palestinian girl and three other Palestinians died in missile strikes during a massive offensive into the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 10/8/04)
2004        Oct 8, In northeast Nigeria Islamist rebels attacked a major police patrol taking a number of hostages in a remote area near the Cameroonian border.
    (AFP, 10/9/04)
2004        Oct 8, A Puerto Rican attorney asked a federal appeals court to end "the state of servitude" that island residents find themselves in and allow them to vote in the Nov. 2 presidential election.
    (AP, 10/9/04)

2005        Oct 8, In New Orleans Robert Davis, a retired elementary teacher, was repeatedly punched in the head by police in an incident caught on videotape. Davis was not drunk, put up no resistance and was baffled by what happened. In Dec two police officers were fired for the incident.
    (AP, 10/11/05)(SFC, 10/11/05, p.A4)(SFC, 12/22/05, p.A9)
2005        Oct 8, Amtrak resumed passenger rail service to New Orleans as the train called the City of New Orleans arrived with 29 passengers aboard.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2005        Oct 8, Auto-parts maker Delphi Corp. filed for bankruptcy, hurt by high wage and benefit costs. It was the biggest bankruptcy filing in US automotive history and promises to have a broad impact across the industry. Unfunded health-care liabilities were estimated at $70 billion. As of June 30 the company employed 177,000 people.
    (AP, 10/8/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.14)(WSJ, 9/30/06, p.A1)
2005        Oct 8, In Nevada 23 robotic vehicles competed over a 150-mile course for a $2 million prize sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Darpa. 4 robotic vehicles finished the race across the Mojave desert over a rugged 132-mile course without a single human command. Stanford University's Sebastian Thrun, a customized Volkswagen, crossed first in 6 hours and 59 minutes. Race officials planned to resume the race Oct 9 so the sole remaining vehicle, a mammoth six-wheel truck, could compete in daylight.
    (SFC, 10/8/05, p.C1)(AP, 10/9/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.88)
2005        Oct 8, In eastern China 22 passengers were killed when a bus plunged into a river in Zhejiang province as the National Day holiday week wound down.
    (Reuters, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 8, In France journalists reporting on the conflict in Iraq, a humanitarian crisis in Sudan, the plight of children in Uganda's insurrection and a deadly school hostage siege in Russia were honored with the annual Bayeux Prize for War Correspondents.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, In India's eastern state of Jharkhand Maoist rebels set off a powerful bomb at a jungle hideout, killing at least 15 policemen including a deputy commandant.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, In Iraq insurgents killed two Iraqis and wounded 12 with roadside bombs and drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 87,350. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)
2005        Oct 8, Nigeria's financial crimes agency said it had returned $4.5 million last month seized from scammers to an 86-year-old Chinese woman.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, Romania reported new cases of avian flu in the Danube delta on the Black Sea and started to cull hundreds of birds to prevent the disease from spreading.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, Russia's military conducted a successful ballistic missile test from a nuclear submarine in the Barents Sea, hitting a target on the eastern peninsula of Kamchatka.
    (AP, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, In Sudan's Darfur region 2 African Union peacekeeping soldiers from Nigeria and 2 civilian contractors were killed in an ambush.
    (Reuters, 10/8/05)
2005        Oct 8, Thousands of poor farmers marched through Venezuela's capital demanding that the government expand its initiative to expropriate what they called "idle" land, a program that has raised the ire of cattle ranchers across the country.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 8-2005 Nov 6, In Russia 33 people died in the Siberian region of Magadan after drinking homemade alcohol containing industrial methanol.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2006        Oct 8, NATO said 142 Afghan civilians, 40 Afghan security forces and 13 international troops have died in suicide attacks since January.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8-2006 Oct 9, A joint offensive by coalition and Afghan forces, backed by NATO air support, killed 30 guerrillas in one area of Deh Rawud. Another 19 were killed in an operation by the Afghan army in another part of the district.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, In northern Argentina a bus carrying high school students home from a charity event in an impoverished community collided head-on with a truck, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, Early results showed the party of Belgium's PM Guy Verhofstadt giving ground to a far-right, anti-immigrant party in bellwether local elections.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, France said it would ban smoking in public places as of Feb 1, 2007. The ban would extend to restaurants, bars and clubs at the start of 2008.
    (WSJ, 10/7/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 8, In northern Guatemala an overcrowded passenger bus driving in heavy rain plunged off a cliff, killing at least 34 people.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, In Hungary tens of thousands of anti-government protesters called for the ouster of the Socialist PM Ferenc Gyurcsany because of his admission on a leaked tape that he had lied to the country about the economy. A new leaked recording of a Socialist minister was broadcast, raising more questions about the government's integrity.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, In Iran Hossein Kazemeini Boroujerdi, a popular Shiite Muslim cleric who opposes mixing religion and politics, was detained after his supporters clashed with police outside his home in the capital Tehran.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Iraqi and US forces clashed with Shiite militiamen in the southern city of Diwaniyah after a raid on the home of a leader of the Mahdi Army, accused of killing Sunnis. 30 militiamen were killed in the fighting. 350-400 Iraqi policemen fell sick and 3 died from poisoning at a base in southern Iraq after the evening meal breaking their daily Ramadan fast. A number of people were arrested, including the man in charge of the mess hall. Spoiled food served at the mess hall was later determined as the cause. At least 13 other violent deaths were reported nationwide, including a Shiite woman and her young daughter who were killed when gunmen opened fire on their minivan in Baqouba, northeast of Baghdad. The driver also was killed. Police found 51 bullet-riddled bodies in various parts of Baghdad during the last 24-hour period. One US soldier was killed in Tikrit by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(AFP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 8, Israeli troops shot and killed Osama Talad (21), a Palestinian militant, during a fierce gunbattle in the Balata West Bank refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe visited Beijing and held talks with Pres. Hu Jintao and PM Wen Jiabao. Abe said Japan and China agree that a North Korea nuclear test "cannot be tolerated" and that Pyongyang should return unconditionally to six-party negotiations on its nuclear programs.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.29)
2006        Oct 8, Latvia's ruling coalition kept its grip on power in general elections, making it first sitting government to do so since the Baltic republic broke away from the Soviet Union 15 years ago. PM Aigars Kalvitis has said he was ready to form and lead a new, centre-right coalition government.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Liberia’s presidency said ECOWAS leaders, who met in Nigeria on Oct 6, had agreed for an extension of the term of office of Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo by 12 months, paving the way for presidential and general elections there.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 8, Nepal's government and communist rebel leaders resumed peace talks after a four-month stall, trying to resolve a dispute over whether the guerrillas should disarm.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, North Korea performed its first-ever nuclear weapons test, setting off an underground blast in defiance of international warnings and intense diplomatic activity aimed at heading off such a move. Because of the time difference, it was Oct. 9 in North Korea.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/8/07)
2006        Oct 8, In Pakistan on the first anniversary of the earthquake that killed 73,000 people, the US ambassador said the US will train 30,000 teachers and build 50 schools in quake affected areas of Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, In the Philippines about 30 communist guerrillas attacked an international airport under construction in Silay City in Negros Occidental province, using bombs to destroy equipment and seizing guns from guards.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, The ultranationalist Radicals, Serbia's strongest party, unanimously re-elected war crimes defendant Vojislav Seselj as their leader and vowed to protect Serbia's national interests if they take power. The Radicals top polls with around 35% support but are not strong enough to form a government alone and are very short of likely allies.
    (AP, 10/8/06)
2006        Oct 8, Authorities in northeastern Somalia repatriated more than 1,000 Ethiopians whom smugglers were preparing to take across the Gulf of Aden to the promise of jobs and a better life in the Middle East.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2007        Oct 8, Two American scientists and a Briton won the 2007 Nobel Prize in medicine on for groundbreaking discoveries that led to a powerful technique for manipulating mouse genes. Mario R. Capecchi (70) of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City; Oliver Smithies (82) a native of Britain now at University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, and Sir Martin J. Evans (66) of Cardiff University in Wales shared the prize.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, Michael Devlin was sentenced to life in prison for kidnapping one of two boys he'd held captive in his suburban St. Louis apartment. Devlin later pleaded guilty to dozens of other counts, resulting in a total of 74 life sentences.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2007        Oct 8, Thad Starr of Pleasant Hill, Oregon, won the 34th annual pumpkin competition in Half Moon Bay with his 1,524 pound squash. The world record was set this year by Joe Jutras of Rhode Island with a 1,689-pound squash.
    (SFC, 10/9/07, p.B1)
2007        Oct 8, Vonage Holdings Corp. settled a patent suit filed by Sprint Nextel Corp. for $80 million.
    (SFC, 10/9/07, p.D3)
2007        Oct 8,  Racing great John Henry, the thoroughbred who'd earned more than $6.5 million before retiring as a gelding, was euthanized at the Kentucky Horse Park at age 32.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2007        Oct 8, Australia suffered its first combat fatality in the war on terror when a soldier was killed in a roadside bomb attack in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, PM Gordon Brown said that Britain will cut its troop levels in Iraq to 2,500 in early 2008, trimming the force by nearly half. Britain ended up postponing the withdrawal amid a spike in militia violence.
    (AP, 10/8/07)(AP, 10/8/08)
2007        Oct 8, British postal workers started a second 48-hour strike as a dispute over pay and restructuring remained unresolved.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, In Colombia a plane carrying 15 soldiers and three civilians disappeared. The wreckage was spotted Oct 11 high in the Andes and the armed forces chief said there was no chance of survivors.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 8, In Guatemala City the security guard and secretary of Otto Perez, the leading presidential candidate, were shot and killed. Perez blamed organized crime.
    (SFC, 10/9/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 8, The UN's highest court in the Hague granted Honduras sovereignty over four Caribbean islands in its decades-old dispute with Nicaragua, and carved up rich fishing grounds and offshore exploration concessions for oil and gas. Nicaragua filed the case in 1999, saying international law gave it the right to "explore and exploit" natural resources, including possible oil reserves and fish stocks within a zone 200 miles from its coast. Honduras claimed that a ruling by the Spanish king in 1906 set a boundary projecting eastward along the 15th parallel from the mouth of the Coco River.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, One of the rarest gems in the world, a flawless blue diamond, sold for US$7.98 million (3.91 million pounds) at a Sotheby's auction in Hong Kong, making it the most expensive gemstone in the world, per carat, sold at auction.
    (Reuters, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, Iran reopened five border crossing points with Kurdish-run northern Iraq, closed last month by Tehran to protest the US detention of an Iranian official. An estimated 100 students staged a rare demonstration against Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, calling him a "dictator" and scuffling with hardline students at Tehran University.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, Satoshi Nakamura (23), a Japanese tourist, was abducted in a restive region of southeast Iran bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan as he headed from his hotel for the ancient mud-built citadel of Bam. Nakamura was released on July 14. A bandit called Esmail Shahbakhsh, blamed for the kidnapping, had reportedly demanded the release of his arrested son in exchange for Nakamura.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)
2007        Oct 8, An Iraqi report called for the US government to sever all contracts in Iraq with Blackwater USA within six months. Iraqi authorities want the firm to pay $8 million in compensation to families of each of the 17 people killed when its guards sprayed a traffic circle with heavy machine gun fire last month. Former Blackwater security guard Nicholas Slatten and three other guards were later accused in the deaths of 14 Iraqis killed in the traffic circle. On April 8, 2014, a new indictment was obtained against Slatten weeks after a judge had dismissed all charges because of statute of limitation concerns.
    (AP, 10/9/07)(SFC, 5/10/14, p.A10)
2007        Oct 8, Police in Mexico City arrested Jose Luis Calva, an aspiring horror novelist, after discovering his girlfriend's torso in his closet, a leg in the refrigerator and bones in a cereal box. Police had come to Calva's apartment to investigate the disappearance of his girlfriend, Alejandra Galeana, a 30-year-old pharmacy clerk and single mother.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 8, A consortium of Belgian, Scotch and Spanish banks announced that shareholders of ABN AMRO, a Dutch bank, had accepted a $101 billion offer in the world’s biggest banking transaction ever.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.17)
2007        Oct 8, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf installed a loyalist and former spymaster as deputy army chief, handpicking his successor as leader of the military in a key step to restoring civilian rule. One of three helicopters escorting President Gen. Pervez Musharraf crashed in Pakistan's portion of Kashmir, killing four passengers and injuring five.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, Mogadishu Mayor Mohamed Dheere ordered Somalia's Elman Human Rights, an independent rights group, to close its offices. The group was accused of spreading "exaggerated and false information" about the country's fragile government.
    (AP, 12/2/07)
2007        Oct 8, Sudan said it will host hundreds of Palestinian refugees who have been stranded in terrible conditions on Iraq's border with Syria and Jordan.
    (Reuters, 10/8/07)
2007        Oct 8, Sudanese government troops and allied militia attacked a town belonging to the only Darfur rebel faction to sign a 2006 peace deal. The assault killed at least 45 people in the Darfur town of Muhajiriya, where bodies littered the streets amid burned out buildings. The Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) said five SLA soldiers were killed and eight injured. A key Darfur rebel leader accused the Sudanese army of burning Haskanita in the troubled region, killing up to 100 people in retaliation for an attack on African Union troops.
    (Reuters, 10/8/07)(Reuters, 10/9/07)

2008        Oct 8, Pres. Bush signed legislation allowing American businesses to enter India’s multi-billion-dollar nuclear market.
    (SFC, 10/9/08, p.A13)
2008        Oct 8, The US embassy said in a statement that the United States and Vietnam have agreed to lift restrictions on air cargo routes between the two countries.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, In Afghanistan at least 27 Islamic militants were killed in military operations across the country. Villagers reported that 10 civilians died in rebel gunfire.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 8, Australian scientists said hundreds of new marine species and previously uncharted undersea mountains and canyons have been discovered in the depths of the Southern Ocean.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, Six central banks jolted markets by cutting interest rates together in an attempt to shore up confidence in the world's crisis-stricken financial system. The US Fed reduced its key rate from 2% to 1.5%. The Bank of England unexpectedly slashed its key lending rate by a half-point to 4.5%. The Bank of Canada cut its key interest rate by 50 basis points to 2.5%. China also cut its key interest rates for a second time in less than one month to 6.9%. The European Central Bank sliced its rate by half a point to 3.75%. Sweden, and Switzerland also cut rates. Earlier in a day Japan's Nikkei showed its biggest drop since the October, 1987 stock market crash. The IMF said the world economy is entering a major downturn.
    (AP, 10/8/08)(AFP, 10/8/08)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.100)
2008        Oct 8, Britain added to the financial chaos engulfing Iceland by declaring it planned to sue over lost deposits held by thousands of Britons with Icelandic bank accounts. The news from London overshadowed an emergency loan from Sweden to Iceland's biggest bank.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, The Asian Development Bank announced $35 million in emergency food aid to ease the burden of soaring food prices among some of Cambodia's poorest people.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, In Egypt at least 11 people died when an apartment building collapsed in the port city of Alexandria.
    (AFP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, In Iraq a female suicide bomber detonated an explosives vest in Baqouba, the provincial capital of Diyala province, killing 10 people and wounding 21. A man accompanying the woman failed to detonate his explosives vest and was arrested at the scene.
    (AP, 10/8/08)(SFC, 10/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 8, Human Rights Watch, a New York-based human rights group, accused Jordan's security services of carrying out widespread torture in the country's jails. The torture allegations came from 66 out of 110 prisoners interviewed randomly in seven of Jordan's main prisons in 2007 and 2008.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, Malaysia’s PM Badawi said he will step down in March and hand over power to his deputy in order to prevent a split in the UMNO party.
    (WSJ, 10/9/08, p.A13)
2008        Oct 8, Maldives islanders in the cramped city of Male and scores of far-flung atolls began voting in the first democratic presidential election in their tiny nation's history.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, President Felipe Calderon unveiled plans for 53 billion pesos ($4.4 billion) in emergency spending on roads, schools, hospitals and an oil refinery next year to help Mexico combat the world financial crisis. Mexican authorities said that 16 people were killed over the last 24 hours in Baha California across the US border from California. State officials blamed warring cells of the Arellano-Felix drug cartel for the killings and other homicides plaguing the area in recent weeks. 5 state police officers were killed in the western state of Jalisco by grenade-lobbing gunmen who fired more than 800 bullets in the attack.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 8, In Nepal a small airplane crashed and caught fire as it tried to land in foggy weather at a tiny mountain airport near Mount Everest, killing 18 people, including 16 tourists from Germany, Australia and Nepal.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, It was reported that Gaza's smugglers have gone legit. Owners of the scores of tunnels running under the Gaza-Egypt border have registered with the Hamas authorities, pledged to pay workers' compensation and hooked up their operations to the electricity network.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, Russian forces pulled back from positions outside South Ossetia, bulldozing a camp at a key checkpoint and withdrawing into the separatist region as EU monitors and relieved Georgian residents looked on.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, Pirates in Somalia released 15 Filipino seamen and four other crewmen of a chemical tanker hijacked nearly two months ago, but were still holding 67 other Filipino sailors.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 8, South Korea's top military officer said North Korea is working to develop a nuclear warhead for a long-range missile, a day after the communist state tested its short-range weaponry.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 8, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said two Americans and a US-based Japanese scientist won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for discovering and developing a glowing jellyfish protein that revolutionized the ability to study disease and normal development in living organisms. Japan's Osamu Shimomura and Americans Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien shared the prize for their work on green fluorescent protein, or GFP. Shimomura discovered the jellyfish protein in 1961. In the early 1990s Douglas Prasher conducted research on the jellyfish gene that made Chalfie’s and Tsien’s work possible.
    (AP, 10/8/08)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A6)
2008        Oct 8, In Turkey rebels ambushed a police bus, killing four policemen and the driver in the Kurdish-dominated city of Diyarbakir, further escalating tensions.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

2009        Oct 8, Herta Mueller (56) won the Nobel Prize in literature in an award seen as a nod to the 20th anniversary of communism's collapse. She was member of Romania's ethnic German minority persecuted for her critical depictions of life behind the Iron Curtain. She made her debut in 1982 with a collection of short stories titled "Niederungen," or "Nadirs," depicting the harshness of life in a small, German-speaking village in Romania. It was promptly censored by the communist government. Some of her works have been translated into English, French and Spanish, including "The Passport," "The Land of Green Plums," "Traveling on One Leg" and "The Appointment."
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, A NYC jury convicted Anthony Marshall (85), the son of Brooke Astor, of grand larceny and conspiracy in a scheme to force the socialite to change her will before she died at age 105 in 2007. Francis Morissey (66), a lawyer who worked with Marshall, was also convicted of conspiracy and forgery. On Dec 21 Marshall was sentenced one to three years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/9/09, p.A8)(SFC, 12/22/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 8, In southern California Damon Thompson (20) was arrested in a UCLA chemistry building shortly after stabbing a female student in the throat. He was booked on suspicion of attempted murder and was being held on $1 million bail. The woman underwent surgery for multiple stab wounds at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center and was in stable condition.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Arizona 21 people were taken to area hospitals with illnesses ranging from dehydration to kidney failure after being overcome while sitting in a sweat-lodge at the Angel Valley resort in Sedona. Kirby Brown (38) of Westtown, N.Y., and James Shore (40), of Milwaukee died upon arrival at a hospital. On Oct 17 Liz Neuman (49) from Minnesota died from multiple organ damage. The lodge was run by self-help guru James Arthur Ray. On Feb 3, 2010, Ray was arrested on 3 counts of manslaughter. Ray was released from state prison on July 12, 2013.
    (SFC, 10/10/09, p.A4)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A6)(AP, 10/18/09)(SFC, 2/4/10, p.A6)(SFC, 7/13/13, p.A4)
2009        Oct 8, Dr. Robert Scott (65), Oakland, Ca., AIDS specialist, died of a pulmonary embolism. He founded the AIDS Project of the East Bay in 1983 and later treated AIDS patients in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.D7)
2009        Oct 8, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber detonated his vehicle outside the Indian Embassy in the bustling center of Kabul, killing 17 people in the second major attack in the city in less than a month. The Afghan Foreign Ministry hinted at Pakistani involvement, a charge Pakistan denied.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Britain's postal workers agreed to launch a nationwide strike after months of rolling regional strikes over pay and job security. The Communication Workers Union said that 76% of more than 80,000 union members voted in favor of the action. The union was required to give seven days notice before any strike.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Canada Zakaria Amara (23), described by prosecutors as the leader of a group that planned al Qaeda-style bombings of Toronto landmarks in 2006, pleaded guilty to bomb charges, the fifth member of the so-called "Toronto 18" group to have admitted guilt or to have been found guilty.
    (Reuters, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, Leaders of the Dominican Republic and Haiti agreed to cooperate in a campaign aimed at eradicating the last vestiges of malaria from the islands of the Caribbean by 2020.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, French police arrested Adlene Hicheur, a nuclear physicist in Vienne, on suspicion that he had links to terrorist organizations in Algeria. The man had been working on analysis projects with the LHCb experiment at CERN since 2003.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AFP, 3/29/12)
2009        Oct 8, French utility group GDF Suez said it had signed a contract worth 3.0 billion dollars (2.0 billion euros) to supply electricity to subsidiaries of the Chilean electricity company EMEL.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Guatemala a series of attacks on police in Guatemala City killed two officers and wounded three.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, In India Maoist rebels killed 17 Indian policemen in the western state of Maharashtra, the latest in a series of bloody assaults by the guerrillas.
    (AFP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Indonesia controversial tycoon Aburizal Bakrie was elected to lead the Golkar party after the Suharto-era ruling party suffered its biggest electoral defeat.
    (AFP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi said he will go on TV and appear in courtrooms to prove that corruption and tax fraud charges in two trials against him are false.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Typhoon Melor tore through Japan's main island, peeling roofs off houses, cutting electricity to hundreds of thousands and forcing flight cancellations before turning back toward the sea. Two men died.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Former Marshall Islands president and powerful traditional chief Imata Kabua said he was challenging the treaty negotiated between the Marshall Islands government and the US covering the years after 2016 when the current lease for the missile base expires. The Compact of Free Association between the two countries approved in 2003 provides the US with use of the Reagan Test Site at Kwajalein Atoll until 2066.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Mexico unidentified assailants kidnapped and killed the top official of the border town of Palomas, across from New Mexico. Town Mayor Estanislao Garcia Santelis had long complained about the drug traffickers and migrant smugglers active around Palomas. Federal police detained Jorge Alberto Lopez Orozco (33) on a highway in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. He was transported to the neighboring state of Michoacan and held on a US extradition request. Orozco was wanted for the 2002 killings of his girlfriend and her two young sons in Idaho. Gunmen in northern Chihuahua state killed a soldier in an attack on army vehicles near the hamlet of Colonia LeBaron. Five men and seven women were detained.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 8, Nigerian officials said more than 8,000 militants who laid down arms in the troubled oil hub have so far been registered and that the number could double when the documentation is complete. The grand total was later thought to exceed 15,000.
    (AFP, 10/8/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.57)
2009        Oct 8, Romania unveiled a monument in memory of some 300,000 Jews and Gypsies killed during the Holocaust in the country, which at times denied that the extermination even happened.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

2010        Oct 8, The Nobel Committee named imprisoned Chinese scholar Liu Xiaobo the 2010 Peace Prize winner for "his long and nonviolent struggle for fundamental human rights in China." The decision by the five-member committee appointed by the Norwegian Parliament came over the objection of the Chinese government, which considers Liu a criminal.
    (AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, President Barack Obama praised outgoing national security adviser Jim Jones and named close aide Tom Donilon (55) as his top security adviser, elevating a skeptic of the US troop surge in Afghanistan to oversee a major review of the war.
    (Reuters, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, Pres. Obama signed a law on providing the disabled easier access to technology.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A6)
2010        Oct 8, A US Senate report said US funds for private security contractors in Afghanistan have flowed to warlords and Taliban insurgents, undermining the war effort and fueling corruption. A congressional report called "Warlord, Inc." said trucking contractors pay tens of millions of dollars annually to local warlords across Afghanistan in exchange for guarding their supply convoys, some of which are suspected of paying off the Taliban.
    (AFP, 10/8/10)(AP, 7/31/12)
2010        Oct 8, The US Labor Dept. said a wave of government layoffs in September outpaced weak hiring in the private sector, pushing down the nation's payrolls by a net total of 95,000 jobs. The unemployment rate held at 9.6 percent last month.
    (AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 11,000 for the first time in five months.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.D1)
2010        Oct 8, Bank of America said it will suspend sales of foreclosed homes nationwide. A suspension in 23 other states had been announced a week earlier. The “Foreclosuregate" flared up when an employee at GMAC Mortgage admitted to having approved thousands of repossessions without properly reviewing the documents.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A1)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.87)
2010        Oct 8, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed an $86.6 billion state budget, 100 days after beginning the fiscal year. He used his line-item veto power to cut nearly $1 billion from the plan approved by the Legislature. An independent analyst later estimated that the budget remained $25.4 billion in deficit.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A1)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.37)
2010        Oct 8, The remains of Lexis Roberts (12) from Nevada were found in Louisiana. A warrant was later issued for Thomas Steven Sanders (53). In 1994 family members had declared Sanders dead, seven years after he vanished. In November the remains of a woman, believed to be her mother, Suellen Roberts (31) were found in Arizona.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2dwr8pa)(SFC, 11/5/10, p.A8)(SFC, 11/16/10, p.A18)
2010        Oct 8, Albertina Walker (81), Grammy-winning gospel vocalist, died in Chicago.
    (SSFC, 10/10/10, p.C9)
2010        Oct 8, In northern Afghanistan Kunduz provincial governor Mohammad Omar and at least 19 other people were killed by a massive bomb blast inside a packed mosque during Friday prayers in Takhar province. NATO helicopters killed six Afghan militiamen in eastern Khost province. An insurgent attack killed a NATO service member and two others died in separate roadside bombings in the south. Armed men burst into a mosque and shot dead religious scholar Molvi Mohammad during Friday prayers in Kandahar city. Linda Norgrove (36) a British aid worker was killed during a botched US rescue raid. She had been abducted at gunpoint on Sep 26. A rescue team was closing in on the house where Norgrove was being held when a grenade was thrown into the room where she was kept, killing her. Troops opened fire and killed all the captors. An investigation over her death confirmed that a grenade thrown by US forces had killed Norgrove.
    (AP, 10/8/10)(AFP, 10/9/10)(AFP, 10/11/10)(AP, 12/2/10)
2010        Oct 8, In Australia plan was released by the Murray-Darling Basin Authority to restore ailing rivers, posing a new headache for the Labor minority government. Farmers would lose more than a third of irrigation water in the major food bowl.
    (Reuters, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, Bolivia’s Pres. Evo Morales enacted an anti-racism bill opposed by most of the nation’s newspapers, which said it limited free speech.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 8, Organizers said a ticket-holder in Britain has won a record 129 million euros (181 million dollars) on the Euromillions lottery, although nobody has yet come forward to claim the prize. The Euromillions lottery, launched in 2004, is now played by nine countries across western Europe.
    (AFP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 8, China said on rich nations must lock in fresh vows to slash greenhouse gas output to unblock talks for a new climate change deal, while some negotiators said Beijing was holding progress hostage.
    (Reuters, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, French President Nicolas Sarkozy met with the pope and top Vatican officials in a fence-mending visit following France's controversial crackdown on Gypsies, while a top Vatican cardinal urged France to welcome immigrants and those who have been persecuted.
    (AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, The YM Uranus, a chemicals tanker loaded with 6,000 tons of solvent, ran into trouble after a collision off the coast of France but authorities said its crew was rescued and its cargo did not seem to be leaking. The 120-meter-long YM Uranus had been in a collision with the 179,000 dead-weight ton bulk carrier Hanjin Rizhao.
    (Reuters, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, Ireland's police force detectives arrested nine suspected Irish Republican Army dissidents and seized weapons. Police arrested two men aged 20 and 33 at a house near the Northern Ireland border and seized a gun and ammunition. They arrested seven people aged 19 to 71 in southeast Ireland and sealed off a home where they found bomb components.
    (AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, Israeli troops killed two senior Hamas militants in an early-morning raid in the West Bank city of Hebron, raising tensions as peace talks remain stuck over Israeli settlement building. The two gunmen were wanted in connection with the killing of four Israelis near Hebron on Aug. 31. An incident captured on film and widely broadcast showed two masked boys standing in the road among a group throwing stones when a car driven by David Beeri, the local leader of Elad, drove round the corner and ploughed into them. One boy was thrown into the air and bounced off the car's windscreen before crashing to the ground. The car stopped briefly before driving off.
    (AP, 10/8/10)(AFP, 10/11/10)
2010        Oct 8, In Mexico Antonio Jimenez Banos (47), who would have taken office in January in Martires de Tacubaya, was killed by an assailant as he was returning to his farm. Eleven sitting mayors have been killed so far this year in Mexico.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 8, In Mozambique a settling pond breached its wall at the Irish mining firm Kenmare Resources’ Moma titanium and zircon mine in the northern province of Nampula, flooding the area with a mixture of water, sand and clay. A four-year-old girl was missing after the dam burst, flooding an area housing 3,000 families.
    (AFP, 10/11/10)
2010        Oct 8, A Nigerian court handed a 6-month jail sentence to Cecilia Ibru, one of the country's most prominent women, over millions of dollars loaned by her bank in a case linked to a financial crisis in the oil-rich nation.
    (AFP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 8, A top North Korean official confirmed to broadcaster APTN that Kim Jong Il's youngest son will succeed him as the next leader of the reclusive communist nation.
    (AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, Pakistan's army chief ordered an inquiry into video clips that show men in soldiers' uniforms gunning down a group of bound and blindfolded detainees. The footage has raised concern over possible extrajudicial killings by a military that receives billions in US aid.
    (AP, 10/8/10)
2010        Oct 8, The Swiss Im Grueene Foundation awarded Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales $104,000 for “democratizing the access to knowledge."
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A2)

2011        Oct 8, The National Air and Space Museum in Washington was closed after anti-war demonstrators swarmed the building to protest a drone exhibit and security guards used pepper spray to repel them, sickening a number of protesters.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, California Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill giving illegal immigrant college students access to state-funded financial aid, the second half of two-part legislation known as the "Dream Act."
    (Reuters, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, In Wisconsin Scott Anderson (56) was ordained as the first US Presbyterian church gay minister at Covenant Presbyterian Church in Madison.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Al Davis (b.1929), the trailblazing owner of the Oakland Raiders and Hall of Famer in his own right, died.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Oct 8, Roger Williams (87), pianist and composer, died in Los Angeles. His 1955 hit “Autumn Leaves" was the only piano instrumental to reach No.1 on the billboard pop charts. His hits also included “Born Free," “the Impossible Dream" and “Lara’s Theme."
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A20)
2011        Oct 8, In Belarus some 1,000 protesters rallied in Minsk to call for new presidential and parliamentary elections as the country experienced its worst financial crises since the fall of the Soviet Union.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 8, In the Central African Republic a ceasefire ended fighting that claimed about 50 lives between the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR). The rebel groups, fighting over diamond mines, signed a peace pact with the Bangui government ending weeks of deadly violence.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 8, Indonesia's counter-terrorism police arrested five people in connection with the April 15 suicide bombing of a mosque.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Iran sentenced actress Marzieh Vafamehr to a year in jail and 90 lashes for her role in a film about the limits imposed on artists in the Islamic republic. Vafamehr was arrested in July after appearing in "My Tehran for Sale," which came under harsh criticism in conservative circles. She was released on bail later in July. Her sentence was overturned later this month on appeal.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)(AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 8, Iran hanged a man (67) convicted of multiple rapes of 37 women whom he coerced by filming acts with them. He was executed in a prison in Isfahan after four years of repeated appeals against his sentence.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Production at Iraq's biggest oil field was partially halted after two bombs at the Rumaila field damaged a pipeline transporting crude. Iraq currently produces around 2.9 million bpd, and says it will be capable of output of 12 million by 2017.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 8, In Iraq six members of a demining team died when a controlled detonation of old land mines went wrong.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 8, A Global Irish Economic forum in Dublin announced Diaspora 2016, a plan to gather industry leaders with Irish roots to serve on Irish state boards until 2016. The plan was formed by the Irish Technology Leadership Group in San Jose, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.D1)
2011        Oct 8, In Israel Jaffa residents discovered that 26 graves had been daubed with anti-Arab graffiti reading "Death to Arabs" and "price tag," 22 of them in a Muslim cemetery and four in a nearby Christian burial site.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, In Libya Seif al-Islam was seen distributing cash to his loyalists in Bani Walid.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Pirates off Nigeria boarded the MT Cape Bird, a chemical tanker believed to be a Marshall Islands-flagged vessel, about 90 nautical miles from Lagos. 20 Eastern European sailors were onboard. The crew and vessel were freed on Oct 14.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 8, Pakistani authorities detained two suspects as they drove through the Shahzad neighborhood of Islamabad. The men had concealed more than a dozen rockets, 12 hand grenades and vests packed with explosives in their car and at an Islamabad home.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas arrived in El Salvador from the Dominican Republic on the latest stop of a Latin American tour to round up support for UN recognition of a Palestinian state. He was to meet with the local Palestinian community later in the day ahead of a meeting the next day with Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Polish authorities said 2 Polish men have been arrested and charged with carrying out a string of bomb attacks at IKEA stores across Europe and trying to extort millions from the Swedish furniture giant. They were identified as Mikolaj G. and Adam K., both 39-year-olds from the northern city of Gdynia.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, In South Korea US military officials apologized as they tried to ease growing public anger over 2 US soldiers who have been accused of raping teenage girls.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir led the first top-level delegation to Khartoum since southern secession. After one-to-one talks both presidents pledged to work together for peace and stability, and to put the years of conflict behind them.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Sri Lanka presidential aide Bharatha Lakshman Premachandra and his bodyguard were shot dead in a gunbattle involving opposing factions of the ruling party during local council elections in the capital. Police said they were slain by a group led by ruling party legislator Duminda Silva, who was also critically wounded in the gunbattle.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, Syrian security forces opened fire on tens of thousands of mourners who turned out for the funeral of a slain Kurdish opposition leader in Qamishli, killing at least 5 people. Kurds, the largest ethnic minority in Syria, make up 15% of the country's 23 million people and have long complained of neglect and discrimination.
    (AP, 10/8/11)(AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 8, Thailand's PM Yingluck Shinawatra warned that rising floodwaters, which have wreaked havoc across the nation, are now threatening the capital, Bangkok, as the death toll from the worst monsoon rains in decades rose to 253.
    (AP, 10/8/11)
2011        Oct 8, A Yemeni policeman was killed and five others wounded when a bomb exploded at their post in the southern city of Aden.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)

2012        Oct 8, A US House Intelligence Committee warned in a report that American companies should avoid doing business with China's two leading technology firms because they pose a national security threat to the United States. The panel said US regulators should block mergers and acquisitions in this country by Huawei Technologies Ltd. and ZTE Corp, among the world's leading suppliers of telecommunications gear and mobile phones.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Thad Starr (45) of Pleasant Hills, Oregon, won the 39th annual giant pumpkin contest with a 1,775 gourd, a local record. The world record was recently set in Massachusetts by a 2,009-pound specimen.
    (SFC, 10/9/12, p.C2)
2012        Oct 8, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a parked minibus exploded outside a government building, killing two Afghan intelligence officers in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Afghanistan Caitlan Coleman (27), an American woman disappeared with her Canadian husband, Josh. They were passing through Wardak while traveling from Ghazni province south of Kabul to the capital.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Oct 8, Scientists from Britain and Japan shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine. John Gurdon (79) of the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge, Britain and Shinya Yamanaka (50) of Kyoto University in Japan, discovered ways to create tissue that would act like embryonic cells, without the need to harvest embryos.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, A British judge ordered supporters of Julian Assange to pay thousands of pounds they promised for his bail because the WikiLeaks founder violated the conditions for his release.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, Eric Lomax (b.1919), a former British prisoner of war whose moving tale of wartime torture and forgiveness, died in Berwick-upon-Tweed. His celebrated memoir, "The Railway Man" (1996), was being turned into a film.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 8, Egypt's new Pres. Mohammed Morsi issued a decree pardoning all those charged with or convicted of acts "in support of the revolution" since the beginning of the popular uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Ethiopia Feteh, the country’s largest weekly at 27,500 copies, and Finote Netsanet, published by the largest opposition group, said they have been unable to reach their readers for several weeks. The papers said the state-owned Berhanena Selam printing company refuses to print them. The publishers were appealing to the country's newly appointed PM Hailemariam Desalegn to intervene.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Egypt a troop carrier overturned on a mountain road in the Sinai Peninsula early today, killing at least 21 members of the security forces stationed on the border with Israel.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, An Iranian oil official said the country has successfully blocked a cyber-attack on the computer network of its offshore drilling platforms. An official blamed Israel and said the attack occurred over the past two weeks, was routed through China, and affected only the communications systems of the network.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In northeastern Nigeria soldiers apparently attacked a neighborhood after a nearby bombing killed a lieutenant. Maiduguri General Hospital collected 32 bodies following violence.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Pakistan a bomb attached to a motorcycle has killed one person and wounded 10 others near a police checkpoint in Quetta, Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, Militants of Hamas and Islamic Jihad fired some 30 rockets toward Israel's southern border following Israel’s airstrike the previous evening. Israel's military launched around 20 tank shells and an airstrike, mostly toward targets around the southern Gaza city of Khan Younis.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, Somalia’s Al-Shabab said on Twitter that it had banned the British-registered aid group Islamic Relief. The extremists accused the group of working with the United Nations' World Food Program, which the militants will not allow in its territory.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Syria a suicide attacker detonated a car bomb near a compound of the Syrian intelligence on the outskirts of Damascus.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 8, Turkey's state-run news agency said a Syrian shell landed on Turkish territory for a sixth day, but made no mention of any immediate Turkish retaliation.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, A new report from UN experts accused exiled allies of Ivory Coast's former president of trying to recruit Islamist rebels who took control of the northern half of neighboring Mali in a campaign to destabilize the volatile West African region.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, Yemeni security forces detained a US citizen suspected of having links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 10/10/12)

2013        Oct 8, A new US $100 note went into circulation with new features to fight back against counterfeiters.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 8, In San Francisco an engineering staff member discovered the body of Lynne Spalding (57), during a quarterly check of a stairwell, 17 days after she went missing at SF General Hospital. In December 2014 San Francisco and the Univ. of California tentatively agreed to pay a total of $3 million to settle a claim by her family.
    (SFC, 10/10/13, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/14, p.C4)
2013        Oct 8, Albanian police seized more than 1,000 stolen religious and secular pieces of art dating from the 15th to the mid-20th century, and arrested two men suspected of planning to sell them abroad.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 8, Francois Englert of Belgium and Peter Higgs of Britain won the 2013 Nobel Prize in physics for their theory on how the most basic building blocks of the universe acquire mass.
    (AP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, In Argentina doctors drilled into President Cristina Fernandez's skull to siphon out blood that is pressuring her brain two months after she suffered an unexplained head injury.
    (AP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, British pharmaceutical firm GlaxoSmithKline said it would seek regulatory approval next year for RTS,S, a vaccine that has shown positive results against malaria in children.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.94)
2013        Oct 8, In the Central Africa Republic at least 30 people died and dozens more were injured in clashes between ex-rebels of the Seleka coalition and local self-defence groups in Garga.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, In China Akong Tulku Rinpoche, a prominent monk who fled Tibet in 1959 and co-founded the West's first Tibetan monastery (Samye Ling in Scotland), was killed along with two other people in Chengdu. Police said three Tibetan men visited a house where the trio were staying and stabbed them to death in an argument over money.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 8, European lawmakers approved sweeping new regulations governing the multibillion-dollar tobacco market, including bigger warnings on cigarette packs and a ban on menthol and other flavorings in a bid to further curb smoking. They stopped short, however, of tough limits on electronic cigarettes.
    (AP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, In India blackouts hit emergency services and industry in parts of Andhra Pradesh state, the third day of a strike by public workers protesting against a government decision to split the southern state in two.
    (Reuters, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, In Iran Mahdi Khazali (48), a surgeon, blogger and veteran activist, said a court has sentenced him to six years in prison over security charges.
    (AP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, Divers in Italy recovered 18 more bodies, bringing the total to 250, from the Oct 3 shipwreck in which only 155 of the estimated 500 African asylum seekers, most if not all from Eritrea, survived.
    (AFP, 10/7/13)(SFC, 10/8/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 8, Kenyan customs officers seized 2 tons of elephant ivory in a shipments bound for Turkey. This followed a similar seizure on Oct 4.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 8, The Maldives government urged all parties to support fresh elections after the Supreme Court annulled last month's results, even though international observers had said those polls were free and fair.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, Myanmar’s Pres. Thein Sein pardoned 56 political prisoner, after the country vowed to release all prisoners of conscience by the end of the year.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)(SFC, 10/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 8, A Saudi court sentenced a preacher convicted of raping his five-year-old daughter and torturing her to death to eight years in prison and 800 lashes. The court also ordered Fayhan al-Ghamdi to pay his ex-wife, the girl's mother, one million riyals ($270,000) in "blood money." Ghamdi's second wife, accused of taking part in the crime, was sentenced to 10 months in prison and 150 lashes.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, It was reported that fighting in Sudan between rival tribes over the Jebel Amer gold mine, that stretches for some 10 km (six miles) beneath the sandy hills of North Darfur, has killed more than 800 people and displaced some 150,000 others since January.
    (Reuters, 10/8/13)
2013        Oct 8, Turkey lifted a 90-year-old ban on Islamic headscarves in the civil service as part of wide-ranging reforms driven by the Islamic-rooted government.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)(SFC, 10/9/13, p.A2)

2014        Oct 8, The US said it will begin screening travelers from West Africa after Thomas Eric Duncan (42) of Liberia, the first Ebola patient diagnosed in the US, died in Dallas.
    (SFC, 10/9/14, p.A8)
2014        Oct 8, US Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kenney put a temporary hold on same-sex marriages in Idaho following a request by state officials.
    (SFC, 10/9/14, p.A6)
2014        Oct 8, The Nobel Prize in chemistry was won by William Moerner of Stanford Univ., Eric Betzig of Howard Hughes Medical Inst. And Stefan W. Hell of Germany’s Max Planck Inst. for their work in giving microscopes much sharper vision than thought possible.
    (SFC, 10/9/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 8, In St. Louis, Mo., a police officer working as a security guard shot and killed Vonderrit D. Meyers. The officer fired 17 shots after Meyers fired three shots at him. A 9mm Ruger was recovered.
    (SFC, 10/10/14, p.A9)
2014        Oct 8, Five Afghan men were hanged for the gang rape of four women despite the UN and human rights groups criticizing the trial and urging new president Ashraf Ghani to stay the executions. A suicide car bomber killed at least 5 people in an attack that targeted a former district police chief in southern Helmand province.
    (AFP, 10/8/14)(AP, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, Cambodia enacted a regulation to protect nightclub hostesses and other adult entertainment workers under the same laws that protect other workers' rights.
    (AP, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, In Central African Republic an angry crowd killed a Muslim man in Bangui overnight, decapitating and burning his corpse, and in revenge Muslims killed a taxi driver. The Muslim man was chased by Christian 'anti-balaka' militiamen because he was suspected of having thrown a grenade from a bus into a market.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, The EU approved Britain's bid to heavily subsidize a new nuclear power plant, overriding opposition from environmentalists and questions over the project's 24.5 billion pound ($39 billion) price tag.
    (AP, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, France said it will soon provide weapons and military equipment to the Lebanese army as part of a $3 billion grant from Saudi Arabia to help it fight jihadis encroaching into Lebanon from Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, Guyana officials announced plans to install about a dozen new closed-circuit TV cameras to help fight crime in the South American country's capital and other coastal areas.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 8, In Indonesia rescuers and fishermen found 8 survivors and 17 bodies after two days of searching for a motorboat lost since its captain reported an engine failure on Oct 6 off of Java island. Local reports said it was carrying 49 people who were to have attended a wedding ceremony.
    (AP, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, In Iraq militants with Islamic State group shot down an Iraqi military attack helicopter, killing the 2 pilots on board in the second such incident in a week. A car bomb blast on a busy street of Baghdad's largest Shiite neighborhood killed at least 12 people.
    (AP, 10/8/14)(AFP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 8, In Italy hundreds of people protested against PM Matteo Renzi's plans to reform hiring-and-firing rules outside the congress center where European leaders were due to meet for a conference on jobs.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, In Kashmir 5 more civilians were killed and thousands took refuge in camps in the disputed region after some of the most intense fighting between nuclear-armed neighbors Pakistan and India in a decade.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, Macedonian court officials said police have arrested 13 judges and 12 court employees from Skopje's misdemeanors court on charges of negligent service for failing to impose fines worth a total of 1.1 million euros ($1.4 million).
    (AP, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, South Korean prosecutors indicted Japanese journalist Tatsuya Kato for defamation of President Park Geun-hye over an article he wrote about her personal life and whereabouts on April 3, the day of a deadly ferry disaster.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, A court in Tanzania granted bail to an opposition member of parliament and eight others after charging them with illegal protests for demonstrating last week against a draft constitution.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, In southeast Turkey at least 21 people were killed in riots, the deadliest street unrest in years, after the Kurdish minority rose up in fury at the government's refusal to protect a besieged Syrian town from Islamic State. US-led air strikes appeared to have pushed Islamic State fighters back to the edges of Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)(Reuters, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 8, The UN said the conflict in eastern Ukraine is still claiming about 10 lives a day among government troops, pro-Russian separatists and civilians despite a ceasefire agreed in early September.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)
2014        Oct 8, In Yemen at least two simultaneous attacks by suspected al-Qaida militants on security forces in Baida province south of the capital Sanaa killed at least 10 policemen and 4 assailants.
    (AP, 10/8/14)(AFP, 10/8/14)

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