Today in History - October 9

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28BCE    Oct 9, The Temple of Apollo was dedicate on the Palatine Hill in Rome.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

439CE        Oct 9, Ancient city of Carthage was captured by Genseric the Vandal. [see Oct 19,24]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1000        Oct 9, Leif Ericson discovered "Vinland." [see 1001]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1047        Oct 9, Pope Clement II died.
    (PTA, 1980, p.296)

1192        Oct 9, Richard Coeur de Lion left Jerusalem in disguise. [see Sep 21, 1192]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1261        Oct 9, Dionysius, the Justified, king of Portugal (1279-1325), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1290        Oct 9, Last of 16,000 English Jews, expelled by King Edward I, left. The country was on the verge of bankruptcy. The debt to Jewish bankers was written off and all Jews were expelled from England. The Medicis and other northern Italian bankers were invited as a replacement.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, BR p.3)(MC, 10/9/01)

1446        Oct 9, The Korean alphabet, created under the aegis of King Sejong, was first published.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

1470        Oct 9, Henry VI of England was restored to the throne.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1562        Oct 9, Gabriel Fallopius, anatomist (discovered fallopian tubes), died in Modena, Italy.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1582        Oct 9, This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990)

1604        Oct 9, "Kepler's Nova" was 1st sighted. Kepler saw the supernova on Oct 17.
    (www.seds.org/~spider/spider/Vars/sn1604.html)

1635        Oct 9, Religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony (Mass. Bay Company). He became a founder of Rhode Island. Enforcement was delayed until the following January due to illness.
    (AP, 10/9/01)(AH, 4/07, p.26)

1701        Oct 9, The Collegiate School of Connecticut -- later Yale University -- was chartered in New Haven, Conn. It was the first US school to award a doctorate degree. [see Oct 16]
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A9)(SF C, 3/8/96, p.E3)(AP, 10/9/97)

1757        Oct 9, Charles X, last Bourbon king of France (1824-30), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1760        Oct 9, Austrian and Russian troops entered Berlin and began burning structures and looting.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1767        Oct 9, The survey party of Mason and Dixon came to a halt after 233 miles when Indians of the Six Nations said they had reached the end of their commission. [see Oct 18]
    (ON, 2/04, p.10)

1776        Oct 9, A group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1779        Oct 9, The Luddite riots being in Manchester, England in reaction to machinery for spinning cotton.
    (HN, 10/9/00)

1781        Oct 9, General George Washington commenced a bombardment of the Lord Cornwallis's encircled British forces at Yorktown, Virginia (Battle of Yorktown Revolutionary War). For eight days Lord Cornwallis endured the Americans heavy bombardment and had no choice but to surrender his 9,000 troops. It was considered that Washington had achieved the inconceivable with victory at Yorktown and that the British were defeated.
    (HN, 10/9/99)(MC, 10/9/01)

1797        Oct 9, In Lithuania Elijahu ben Solomon Zalman (b.1720), the Great Gaon of Vilnius, died. He was one of the most influential Rabbinic authorities since the Middle Ages.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilna_Gaon)

1812        Oct 9, American Lieutenant Jesse Duncan Elliot captured two British brigs, the Detroit and Caledonia on Lake Erie in the War of 1812. Elliot set the brig Detroit ablaze the next day in retaliation for the British capture seven weeks earlier of the city of Detroit.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1813        Oct 9, Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (Traviata, Rigoletto, Aida), was born. [see Oct 10]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1822        Oct 9, George Sykes (d.1880), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1825        Oct 9, The first Norwegian immigrants to America, sailing form Stavanger, arrived on the sloop Restaurationen.  
    (HN, 10/9/98)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.H4)

1831        Oct 9, Ioannis Kapodistrias (b.1776), the first head of state of independent Greece (1827–33), died. He is considered as the founder of the modern Greek State and the founder of Greek independence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ioannis_Kapodistrias)

1835        Oct 9, Camille Saint-Saens, composer (Carnival of the Animals, Organ Symphony, Samson et Dalilah), was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1837        Oct 9, Francis Parker, educator and founder of progressive elementary schools, was born.
    (HN, 10/9/00)

1855        Oct 9, Isaac Singer patented sewing machine motor.
    (MC, 10/9/01)
1855        Oct 9, Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass., patented the 1st calliope.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1858        Oct 9, Gerard L.F. Philips, Dutch engineer and manufacturer, was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1859        Oct 9, Alfred Dreyfus, French artillery officer who was falsely accused of giving French military secrets to foreign powers, was born.
     (HN, 10/9/98)

1863        Oct 9, Confederate cavalry raiders returned to Chattanooga having attacked Union General William Rosecrans’ supply and communication lines all around east Tennessee.
    (HN, 10/9/98)
1863        Oct 9, Battle of Brady Station, Va. (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station).
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1864        Oct 9, At the Battle of Tom's Brook the Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign was wiped by Custer and Merrit's cavalry divisions.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1867        Oct 9, The Russians formally transferred Alaska to the US. The U.S. had bought Alaska for $7.2 million in gold.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1872        Oct 9, Aaron Montgomery Ward (1844-1913), a young traveling salesman of dry goods, started his mail-order business. The catalog of Aaron Montgomery Ward was the first to be called a "Wish Book." The 1871 Chicago fire had destroyed his initial inventory.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Montgomery_Ward)(SFC, 7/8/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 12/29/00, p.A12)

1873        Oct 9, Charles Rudolph Walgreen, “the father of the modern drugstore” was born.
    (HN, 10/9/00)

1879        Oct 9, Max von Laue, German physicist, was born.
    (HN, 10/9/00)

1888         Oct 9, The Washington Monument, designed by Robert Mills, was completed and the public was first admitted. Steam powered elevators carried visitors to the top in 12 minutes. It underwent a $1.5 million renovation in 1998. In 1903 Frederick L. Harvey authored “History of the Washington National Monument and Washington National Monument Association.” In 1995 Craig and Katherine Doherty authored “The Washington Monument.”
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A3)(ON, 3/00, p.10)(HN, 10/9/00)

1899        Oct 9, Bruce Catton, U.S. historian and journalist, famous for his works on the Civil War, was born.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1906        Oct 9, Joseph F. Glidden, inventor (barbed wire), died.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1909        Oct 9, Jacques Tati, French actor and director, was born.
    (HN, 10/9/00)

1914        Oct 9, German troops took Antwerp after a 12-day siege in WW I crushing the resistance of over 100,000 Belgian troops and violating Belgian neutrality. 
    (HN, 10/9/98)(MC, 10/9/01)

1915        Oct 9, Woodrow Wilson became the 1st president to attend a World Series game.
    (MC, 10/9/01)
1915        Oct 9, Belgrade, Serbia, surrendered to Central leaders.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1918        Oct 9, E Howard Hunt, involved in Watergate break-in, was born in Hamburg, NY.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1919        Oct 9, The Cincinnati Reds won the World Series, defeating the Chicago White Sox 10-5 at Comiskey Park. The victory turned hollow amid charges eight of the White Sox had thrown the Series in what became known as the "Black Sox" scandal.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

1922        Oct 9, Fyvush Finkel, actor (Middle Ages, Picket Fences, Boston Public), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1926        Oct 9, NBC (National Broadcasting Corporation) formed. [see Sep 9]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1928        Oct 9, Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1929        Oct 9, G. Kaufman's and R. Lardner's musical "June Moon," premiered NYC.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1930        Oct 9, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field in New York to Glendale, Calif.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1933        Oct 9, Bill Tidy, English cartoonist (Fosdyke Saga), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1934        Oct 9, In Marseilles, a Macedonian revolutionary associated with Croat terrorists in Hungary assassinated King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou. The two had been on a tour of European capitals in quest of an alliance against Nazi Germany. The assassinations brought the threat of war between Yugoslavia and Hungary, but confrontation was prevented by the League of Nations.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1937        Oct 9, Brian Blessed, English actor (King Arthur, High Road to China, Hamlet, Henry V), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1938        Oct 9, Copland’s ballet "Billy the Kid," premiered in Chicago. [see Oct 16]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1940        Oct 9, Otto Kallir, owner of the Galerie St. Etienne in Manhattan, opened a show featuring the art work of Anna Mary Moses (77). A reported embellished her name as Grandma Moses. Three paintings of 34, priced from $20-250, were sold. Her popularity rose rapidly following a Thanksgiving show at Gimbels department store.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.11)
1940        Oct 9, John Winston Lennon (d.1980) was born in Liverpool, England. Composer; musician; one fourth of the idolized rock group, The Beatles; 2nd wife was Yoko Ono he had two children Julian (from his first wife who he mostly abandoned emotionally and financially) and Sean. On December 8, 1980, John Lennon was shot to death outside his New York City apartment building. "The unknown is what it is. And to be frightened of it is what sends everybody scurrying around chasing dreams, illusions, wars, peace, love, hate, all that. Unknown is what it is. Accept that it's unknown and it's plain sailing."
    (HN, 10/9/98)(AP, 12/8/98)(MC, 10/9/01)
   
1941        Oct 9, President Franklin D. Roosevelt requested congressional approval for arming U.S. merchant ships.
    (HN, 10/9/99)

1943        Oct 9, Alexander Fleming reported in Lancet the 1st successful treatment of streptococcal meningitis with intramuscular and intrathecal (directly into the spinal fluid) injections of the just-purified penicillin.
    (WSJ, 10/17/02, p.A19)
1943        Oct 9, A Luftwaffe squadron operating from Rhodes lost several Stukas to allied ships and aircraft. In 2006 Greek divers raised the wreckage of a Stuka bomber, believed to be one of the lost planes.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

1946        Oct 9, The Eugene O'Neill drama "The Iceman Cometh" opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1946        Oct 9, The 1st manufactured electric blanket sold for $39.50.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1949        Oct 9, Harvard Law School began admitting women.
    (HN, 10/9/98)
1949        Oct 9, In Austria general elections brought losses to both the People’s Party and the Socialists. Many former Nazis rallied behind the new Union of Independents. The government was composed of a coalition of the People’s Party and the Socialists.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1185)

1950        Oct 9, U.N. forces, led by the First Cavalry Division, crossed the 38th parallel in South Korea and began attacking northward towards the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1953        Oct 9, British troops in Guyana deposed Dr. Jagan and charged that he and his party "were under the complete control of a communist clique." Dr. Jagan responded with a civil disobedience campaign and was quickly jailed for 6 months. In 2011 declassified documents revealed that the UK under PM Winston Churchill overthrew the elected government of British Guiana, later Guyana, because he feared its left-wing leader, Cheddi Jagan, and his American wife, Janet Jagan, were leading the British colony into the arms of the Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 3/7/96, p.A24)(AP, 8/25/11)
1953        Oct 9, Conrad Adenauer was elected West German chancellor.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1958        Oct 9, Pope Pius XII (1939-58), Eugenio Pacelli, died. He was succeeded by Pope John the 23rd. In 1999 John Cornwell published "Hitler's Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII."
    (WSJ, 4/25/97, p.A18)(AP, 10/9/00)(SFC, 9/7/99, p.A4)

1961        Oct 9, US members of communist party were obliged to report themselves to Police.
    (MC, 10/9/01)
1961        Oct 9, Volcano eruptions continued on Tristan de Cunha in the South Atlantic. [see Oct 1]
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1962         Oct 9, Uganda became an independent state within the Britain Commonwealth. [see Mar 1]
    (PCh, 1992, p.984)(SFC, 5/4/96, P.A-10)(AP, 10/9/04)

1963        Oct 9, British premier Harold MacMillan resigned.
    (MC, 10/9/01)
1963        Oct 9, A dam in Piave valley of Italy, broke and about 2,000 died.
    (MC, 10/9/01)
1963        Oct 9, In South Africa indictments began for the Rivonia trial and resulted in the jailing of Nelson Mandela and Govan Mbeki. In 1999 Glenn Frankel authored "Rivonia's Children." White activists (Joe Slovo and his wife Ruth First, Rusty and Hilda Bernstein, and Anna Marie and Harold Wolpe) of the South African Communist Party, involved in the trial, fled into exile. The trial was named after the area where the ANC members were arrested.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rivonia_Trial)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A40)(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A26)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A18)

1965        Oct 9, Beatles' "Yesterday," single went #1 and stays #1 for 4 weeks.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1967        Oct 9, Joseph Pilates (b.1883), German-born physical trainer, died in NYC. Pilates wrote several books, including “Return to Life through Contrology” (1945) and “Your Health,” He was also a prolific inventor.
    (SFC, 2/27/13, p.C1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Pilates)
1967        Oct 9, The British Road Safety Act, providing for use of the "breathalyser" (or breathalyzer) to detect intoxicated motorists, went into effect.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
1967        Oct 9, Che Guevara (b.1928), Argentine/Cuban revolutionary, was executed in Bolivia. A major figure of the Cuban Revolution, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion and global insignia in popular culture.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara)

1968        Oct 9, Pierre Mulele, Congolese rebel leader, was publicly tortured and executed in the Congo [some sources give October 3].
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Mulele)
1968        Oct 9, The new military government of Peru seized the country's oil fields.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

1969        Oct 9, Matsutaro Shoriki (b.1885), Japanese media mogul, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matsutar%C5%8D_Sh%C5%8Driki)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.62)

1970        Oct 9, The Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declared independence.
    (http://flagspot.net/flags/kh_hstry.html)

1971        Oct 9, In Argentina an armed uprising challenged Gen’l’. Lanusse but he secured the backing of the Navy and Air Force and broke the challenge.
    (SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/5ubr76)

1973        Oct 9, Sister Rosetta Tharpe (b.1915), pioneering gospel singer and recording artist, died. She became the first great recording star of Gospel music in the late 1930s and also became known as the "original soul sister" of recorded music. In 2007 Gayle F. Wald authored “Shout, Sister, Shout: The Untold story of Rock-and-Roll Trailblazer Sister Rosetta Tharpe.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sister_Rosetta_Tharpe)(AH, 10/07, p.68)

1974        Oct 9, Czech-born German businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany; at his request, he was buried in Jerusalem. His wife Emilie died in 2001.
    (AP, 10/9/99)(SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A29)

1975        Oct 9, Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1978        Oct 9, Larry Singleton (1927-2001), rapist, was arrested in Sparks, Nev. He was later convicted of raping and mutilating Mary Vincent (15) of Las Vegas.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Singleton)
1978        Oct 9, Jacques Brel (b.1929), Belgian-born French cabaret singer, died. He was buried at Atuona on the Marquesas Island of Hiva Oa. An American musical revue of his songs, “Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris,” debuted in 1968 and has played around the world since.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Brel)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.C9)

1982        Oct 9, Anna Freud (b.1895), Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, died in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Freud)

1983        Oct 9, The president of South Korea, Chun Doo Hwan, with his cabinet and other top officials were scheduled to lay a wreath on a monument in Rangoon, Burma, when a bomb exploded. Hwan had not yet arrived so escaped injury, but 17 Koreans, including the deputy prime minister and two other cabinet members, and two Burmese were killed. North Korea was blamed. In the “Rangoon Massacre” a terrorist attack plotted by North Korea killed 17 South Korean officials on a visit to Burma.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)(HN, 10/9/98)

1984        Oct 9, A cooperation agreement between the European Community and the Yemen Republic was signed in Brussels.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1984/index_en.htm)

1985        Oct 9, In NYC Central Park's Strawberry Fields was dedicated.
    (www.centralparknyc.org/virtualpark/southend/strawberryfields)
1985        Oct 9, The hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1986        Oct 9, The musical "Phantom of the Opera" premiered in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Phantom_of_the_Opera_(1986_musical))
1986        Oct 9, The US Senate convicted US District Judge Harry E. Claiborne (1917-2004) making him 5th federal official to be removed from office through impeachment. He had been indicted by a federal grand jury for bribery, fraud, and tax evasion in December of 1983.
    (www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Harry_E._Claiborne)

1987        Oct 9, Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork, his rejection by the Senate a virtual certainty, angrily told reporters he would not ask that his nomination be withdrawn.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1987        Oct 9, Clare Boothe Luce (b.1903), former journalist, playwright and congresswoman, died in Washington DC. Her biography by Sylvia Jukes Morris, "Rage for Fame: The Ascent of Clare Boothe Luce," was published in 1997.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clare_Boothe_Luce)

1988        Oct 9, Felix Wankel (b.1902), developer of Wankel rotary engine, died in Germany.
    (http://library.thinkquest.org/C006011/english/sites/wankel_bio.php3?v=2)
1988        Oct 9, Yugoslav President Raif Dizdarevic warned citizens in a national radio and television address that continued nationalist and economic unrest could lead to a state of emergency.
    (AP, 10/9/98)

1989        Oct 9, The San Francisco Giants won the National League championship by defeating the Chicago Cubs.
    (AP, 10/9/99)
1989        Oct 9, The official Soviet news agency Tass reported that a spaceship of some kind, complete with a trio of tall aliens, had visited a park in the city of Voronezh.
    (AP, 10/9/99)

1990        Oct 9, President Bush told a news conference he would be willing to consider higher income tax rates for the wealthy, but later appeared to back off that stand.
    (AP, 10/9/00)
1990        Oct 9, David Hackett Souter was sworn in as a US Supreme Court judge.
    (NW, 7/7/03, p.48)

1991        Oct 9, President Bush declared “total confidence” in his nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court, Clarence Thomas, who was accused of sexual harassment by former aide Anita Hill.
    (AP, 10/9/01)

1992        Oct 9, The US 102nd Congress adjourned.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1992        Oct 9, To protect the US food airlift, the first American forces arrived in Somalia.
    (HNQ, 1/1/00)
1992        Oct 9, A great Peekskill Meteorite was seen from Kentucky to NY.
    (http://aquarid.physics.uwo.ca/~pbrown/Videos/peekskill.htm)
1992        Oct 9, In Alabama Jack Trawick abducted and killed college student Stephanie Gach (21) in Birmingham. Trawick (62), a serial murderer, was executed in 2009.
    (SFC, 6/12/09, p.A6)(www.prodeathpenalty.com/Pending/09/jun09.htm)
1992        Oct 9, The U.N. Security Council voted to ban all military flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1993        Oct 9, Special U.S. envoy Robert Oakley traveled to Somalia in an attempt to revive a tentative peace agreement reached by Somali clan leaders.
    (AP, 10/9/98)

1994        Oct 9, The United States sent troops and warships to the Persian Gulf after Saddam Hussein sent tens of thousands of elite troops and hundreds of tanks toward the Kuwaiti border.
    (AP, 10/9/99)
1994        Oct 9, In the Austrian parliamentary election 22.6% voted extreme-right. The ruling coalition of the Social Democratic Party and the People’s Party retained a legislative majority but lost 23 seats.
    (www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-768.html)
1994        Oct 9, Israeli soldier Nachshon Wachsman (19) was kidnapped in Lod by 4 members of Hamas. Hamas demanded the release of a jailed Hamas leader and 200 other fundamentalist prisoners by Oct 14.
    (SFC, 3/28/09, p.A9)

1995        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to Edward Lewis of Caltech, Eric Wieschaus of Princeton, and Christiane Nuesslein-Volhard of Germany's Max Planck Inst. They all studied genes in relation to embryonic development. They unraveled the developmental genetics of the fruit fly Drosophila and discovered homologs of the same genes in vertebrates.
    (WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A-1)(NH, 2/97, p.70)
1995        Oct 9, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan and former NAACP exec. Benjamin Chavis propose to lead a march of black men, “the million man march,” on Washington DC on Oct. 16.
    (WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 2/25/97, p.A10)
1995        Oct 9, Saboteurs pulled 29 spikes from a stretch of railroad track, causing an Amtrak train to derail in Arizona; one person was killed and about 100 were injured.
    (AP, 10/9/00)   
1995        Oct 9, An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude shakes Mexico's Pacific coast killing at least 90 in southern Jalisco state. An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 shook the west coast of Mexico, killing 51 people.
    (WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A-1)(AP, 10/9/00)

1996        Oct 9, In the opening game of the American League Championship series, 12-year-old Jeffrey Maier turned a probable fly out into a game-tying home run by reaching over the right-field wall at Yankee Stadium and sweeping the ball into the stands with his baseball glove. The Yankees won, 5-to-4 in 11 innings.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, Vice President Al Gore and Jack Kemp debated in St. Petersburg, Fla.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Physics went to three Americans: David Lee, Douglas Osheroff and Robert Richardson for their work on liquid helium-3, which they found forms a superfluid at very cold temperatures.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to two Americans and a Briton: Robert F. Curl, Richard E. Smalley (b.1943) and Harold W. Kroto for their discovery of hollow molecules of carbon called fullerenes or buckyballs first proposed in 1985. The 60 carbon atom is called a buckminsterfullerene.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, In Columbia a heroin processing complex of four labs near Santander de Quilichao in Cauca province was destroyed.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A14)
1996        Oct 9, A 6.8 earthquake, centered off of Cyprus killed 2 and injured 21.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 9, In Mexico police found a human skull and bones on a ranch owned by Raul Salinas. Police were led to the site by Francisca Zetina, aka “La Paca” a self proclaimed witch. They suspected that it was Manuel Munoz Rocha, a federal congressman who disappeared after the 9/28/94 slaying of Ruiz Massieu. Prosecutors say that Salinas and Rocha conspired to kill Massieu. An official autopsy showed that the found body had undergone a previous autopsy. Later examination found that the body was not that of Munoz Rocha but of Zetina’s father-in-law (d.1993).
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12) (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11) (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A12) (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)
1996        Oct 9, A center-right coalition of the National, United New Zealand, the Christian Coalition and Act New Zealand was facing a center-left coalition of the Labor, Alliance, and New Zealand First parties for the coming elections.
    (WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A16)

1997        Oct 9, Dario Fo (71), an Italian playwright and performer, received the Nobel Prize in literature. The leftist playwright had been prosecuted by Italy, denounced by Roman Catholic Church leaders and barred from the United States. His work included: “Archangels Don’t Play Pinball” (1960), “Mistero Biffo,” (Comic Mystery) written in 1969, and “Accidental Death of an Anarchist” (1970), ”We Can’t Pay, We Don’t Pay” (1974) and “Orgasmo Adulto Escapes From the Zoo.”
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/10/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 8/23/98, DB p.13)(AP, 10/9/98)
1997        Oct 9, Bosnian Muslims won the municipal elections in Srebrenica when refugee voters returned to outnumber Serbs who had moved in following mass executions in 1995.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)
1997        Oct 9, In Italy Premier Romano Prodi resigned after his Marxist allies refused to accept welfare cuts. The 17-month old government was the first leftist-dominated and 55th government since WW II. Pres. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro asked Prodi to stay on as caretaker while a new government is formed.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D3)
1997        Oct 9, In Mexico Hurricane Pauline swept through Acapulco and left at least 124 dead. Confirmed deaths reached 149 with 132 from Acapulco. Hurricane Pauline claimed more than 230 lives.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/15/97, p.C3)(AP, 10/9/98)
1997        Oct 9, From the Republic of Congo the UN reported that both sides have signed a cease-fire pact. Gen’l. Sassou Nguesse signed the document that his opponents, Pres. Pascal Lissouba and prime minister Bernard Kolelas, agreed to sign last month.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)
1997        Oct 9, In Russia Moscow police arrested Gennady Konyakhin, mayor of Leninsk-Kuznetsky in Siberia, on charges of siphoning cash from the public coffers.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)

1998        Oct 9, US diplomats met twice with Yugoslav Pres. Milosevic to resolve the crises in Kosovo and avert a NATO attack.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 9, Ricky Shetler, a Louisiana casino consultant, pleaded guilty in federal court to conspiring to funnel $500,000 in cash and material goods to former Gov. Edwin Edwards and his son Stephen beginning in 1993.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A7)
1998        Oct 9, In Colombia tens of thousands of public employees continued their 3-day-old strike after the government declared the walkout illegal. The strike was called against cuts in public spending and a wage increase cap of 14% for next year.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 9, The weekly Der Spiegel reported that spinach grown near the nuclear reprocessing plant in Sellafield, England, had doses of technetium-99 that was 7 times above EU food standards. Greenpeace in April had demonstrated that game pigeons in the area were irradiated.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A9)
1998        Oct 9, In Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu appointed Ariel Sharon (70) as foreign minister.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(AP, 10/9/99)
1998        Oct 9, In Italy the center-left coalition of Premier Romano Prodi lost a vote of confidence by one vote. Pres. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro asked Prodi to continue leading a temporary government.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 9, Russia appealed to the EU for relief aid in the face of its worst harvest in 45 years. The US and Canada were also asked for help.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)

1999    Oct 9, In boxing’s first sanctioned battle of the sexes, Margaret MacGregor defeated Loi Chow by winning all four rounds on all three judges’ cards in a promotion held in Seattle.
    (AP, 10/9/00)
1999        Oct 9, The UAW and Ford reached a tentative contract agreement that included a 3% raise on top of increases to compensate for inflation.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.A2)
1999        Oct 9, Sea Launch Co. put a Direct TV satellite into orbit in the first sea based launch. Partners included Boeing, Kvaerner Maritime of Norway, and rocket builders from Russia and the Ukraine.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A5)
1999        Oct 9, Milt Jackson, vibraphonist for the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ), died at age 76 in Manhattan. His compositions included "Bags' Groove," "Bluesology," and "The Cylinder."
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.C2)

2000        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded to Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel of the US and Arvid Carlsson of Sweden for research in how memory works and for laying the foundation for the development of anti-depressants. In 2006 Kandel authored “In search of Memory: The Emergence of a New Science of Mind.”
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A3)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.78)
2000        Oct 9, In Chechnya 3 Russian soldiers were shot to death in Urus-Martan.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 9, The EU lifted an oil embargo and other sanctions against Yugoslavia as Pres. Kostunica secured the resignations of Prime Minister Momir Bulatovic and Interior Minister Vlajko Stojilkovic.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 9, Israel backed from a deadline against the Palestinians to stop violence in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 9, In the Philippines Gov. Luis Singson of Ilocos Sur province charged that Pres. Estrada received over $11 million in payoffs, mostly from illegal gambling.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 9, In Spain Luis Portero, a head state attorney for the Andalusian Superior Court, was shot to death in Granada. The ETA was suspected.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 9, Turkey became the 9th nation to send a token humanitarian flight to Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)

2001        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Eric Cornell, Carl Wiemann and Wolfgang Ketterlie of the US for their discovery of the Bose-Einstein condensate, a new state of matter. The condensate, which they created in 1995, had been predicted by Einstein in 1924.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A17)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A3)
2001        Oct 9, The US declared air supremacy over Afghanistan. In the first daylight raids since the start of U.S.-led attacks on Afghanistan, jets bombed the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, Pres. Bush appointed Richard Clarke as special adviser for cyberspace security.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 9, Letters postmarked in Trenton, N.J., were sent to Sens. Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy; the letters later tested positive for anthrax.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, The 2 anthrax cases in Florida were reported to probably have been caused by an intentional release of the deadly bacteria.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A4)
2001        Oct 9, Herbert Ross (74), director and choreographer, died in New York.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, Dagmar (Virginia Ruth Egnor), who parlayed her dumb blonde act into television fame in the early 1950s, died at age 79 in West Virginia.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2001        Oct 9, Abkhazia accused Chechen and Georgian fighters of killing 14 villagers and mounting a helicopter raid.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 9, Hurricane Iris hit Belize with 140 mph winds. 17 members of a Virginia diving club and 2 local sailors were confirmed dead with 3 missing. Winds nearing 200 mph left 20 people dead.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A17)(SFC, 10/11/01, p.A21)
2001        Oct 9, Roberto Campos (b.1917), Brazilian politician and diplomat, died. His autobiography was titled “A lanterna na popa” (2001). It revised his personal biography as well as the recent economic history of Brazil.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_de_Oliveira_Campos)
2001        Oct 9, Macedonia decreed amnesty for rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 9, Qatar’s Al-Jazeera broadcast a taped video of Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, an al Qaeda spokesman, who called on Muslims to attack US interests worldwide.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 9, Pakistan cracked down on continuing violent anti-US protests and 5 people were killed. Some radical clerics were arrested.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 9, A Pakistani serial killer, Javed Iqbal, committed suicide rather than face his sentence. He was to be chopped up and dissolved in acid for having abused and killed over 100 children.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)

2002        Oct 9, Daniel Kahneman, 68, a U.S. and Israeli citizen based at Princeton University in New Jersey and Vernon L. Smith, 75, of George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., won the Nobel prize for economics for pioneering the use of psychological and experimental economics in decision-making. Kahneman, an economic behaviouralist, believed people tend to judge their well-being relative to others rather than in absolute terms.
    (AP, 10/9/02)(Econ, 8/30/03, p.56)
2002        Oct 9, West Coast longshoremen returned to ports crammed with cargo after a lockout that ended only after President Bush intervened.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2002        Oct 9, The space shuttle "Atlantis" arrived at the international space station, bringing with it a 14-ton girder.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2002        Oct 9, Newly-declassified Pentagon reports acknowledge that the United States used deadly chemical and biological warfare agents during Cold War military tests on American soil and in Britain and Canada from 1962-1971.
    (Reuters, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, The DJIA fell 215 to 7,286. Nasdaq fell 15 to 1,114.
    (SFC, 10/10/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 9, Aileen Wuornos (46), a former prostitute, was executed for killing 6 men along Florida highways. She became the 10th woman executed in the US since capital punishment resumed in 1977.
    (SFC, 7/2/01, p.A7)(SFC, 10/10/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 9, Dean Meyers (53) of Gaithersburg, Md., was shot to death in Manassas, Va., in a shooting that appeared to be linked to 6 previous sniper attacks in the area. In 2009 sniper John Allen Muhammad (48) was executed in Virginia for the killing of Meyers.
    (SFC, 10/10/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A4)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A7)
2002        Oct 9, In Armenia Aram Petrosian and Akop Khachatrian were sentenced to death for leading an armed band that terrorized Vanadzor, killing 5 people, robbing homes and racketeering. The government prepared to ask parliament to abolish the moratorium on the death penalty.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, The European Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among candidates.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, India claimed victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, Koichi Tanaka (43), research scientist for precision equipment maker Shimadzu Corporation, won Japan's second Nobel prize. His development of methods of analyzing proteins, along with work by John Fenn of the United States and Kurt Wuethrich of Switzerland, paved the way for new drugs to tackle diseases
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, Morocco's king appointed former Interior Minister Driss Jettou as prime minister, directing him to move quickly on economic and social reforms.
    (AP, 10/9/02)
2002        Oct 9, Russian census takers officially began counting its population in the first tally of the nation's inhabitants in 13 years. The Muslims were found to number 14.5 million, 10% of the 145 million total.
    (AP, 10/9/02)(Econ, 4/7/07, p.47)

2003        Oct 9, The new peach and blue redesigned US $20 bill made its debut.
    (WSJ, 10/10/03, p.C3)
2003        Oct 9, Scientists in Nature reported that certain types of Navy sonar use was responsible for whale deaths due to beaching.
    (SFC, 10/9/03, p.A4)
2003        Oct 9, Rival warlords in northern Afghanistan said that they had reached a truce after fighting killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, In Santo Antonio de Jesus in Bahia state, Brazil, gunmen shot and killed Gerson de Jesus Bispo, a man who spoke to a UN investigator about police death squads.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003         Oct 9, A British judge ruled that former residents of the Chagos archipelago have no right to return home or get compensation. Britain had leased Diego Garcia, the main island, to the US in the late 1960s and barred anyone from entering the archipelago except by permit.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, Miners angry about a proposal to export oil through Chile clashed with riot troops near the Bolivian capital. At least two people were killed and nine were hurt.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, In central China an underground flood in a coal mine trapped 18 miners.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 9, A suicide car bomber crashed a white Oldsmobile into a police station in Sadr City, Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim enclave, killing himself, 8 others and wounding as many as 45. Kirk von Ackerman (37), US army contractor, disappeared between Tikrit and Kirkuk. It was later reported that Von Ackerman was about to report on kickbacks to a US Army officer in Iraq. On Dec 14 Ackerman’s associate Ryan Manelick was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez, Spanish military attache, was shot to death in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/9/03)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/04)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 11/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)   
2003        Oct 9, Japan's PM Junichiro Koizumi ordered the lower house of Parliament dissolved, paving the way for national elections that he's counting on to strengthen his party.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, Russia's defense minister assured NATO that Moscow is not adopting a more aggressive nuclear stance and remains committed to cooperation with the Western alliance.
    (AP, 10/9/03)
2003        Oct 9, In Russia Alexei Sidorov, editor of the Togliatti Review, died in his wife's arms after being stabbed several times in a parking lot hear his home. He was the sixth Togliatti journalist slain in an apparent contract killing in recent years.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 9, In northeastern Uganda rebels attacked a refugee camp, killing 15 people, including four guards.
    (AP, 10/9/03)

2004        Oct 9, A bus carrying Chicago-area tourists to a Mississippi casino crashed and overturned on I-55 in northeastern Arkansas, killing 15 people.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.A6)(AP, 10/9/05)
2004        Oct 9, Afghanistan's first direct presidential election was thrust into turmoil hours after it started when all 15 candidates challenging interim leader Hamid Karzai alleged fraud over the ink meant to ensure people voted only once and vowed to boycott the results.
    (AP, 10/9/04)(SSFC, 10/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 9, An exit poll conducted by an American non-profit group found that interim Afghan president Hamid Karzai won the first-ever presidential election with the outright majority needed to avoid a second round.
    (AP, 10/11/04)
2004        Oct 9, US forces in Afghanistan fought militants on the ground and aircraft bombed them in a clash that left 25 rebels dead before the nation's landmark elections.
    (AP, 10/9/04)
2004        Oct 9, Prime Minister John Howard scored a convincing victory in Australia's federal election, winning a historic fourth term.
    (AP, 10/9/04)
2004        Oct 9, Queen Elizabeth opened Scotland's new parliament building in Edinburgh, which was finished late and cost 430 million pounds ($845 million), 10 times over budget.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2004        Oct 9, In Brazil a member of a government task force working to stop illegal diamond mining on Indian reservations in the Amazon was shot dead at an ATM.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2004        Oct 9, In Nottingham, central England, a teenage girl was gunned down near her home in an apparently random attack. Danielle Beccan (14) was shot as many as six times from a passing car while walking back from a funfair with friends.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2004        Oct 9, French President Jacques Chirac declared that France was a natural trade partner to China and, amid a flurry of air, rail and energy deals.
    (AP, 10/9/04)
2004        Oct 9, Followers of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr said they will begin handing weapons over to Iraqi police next week.
    (AP, 10/9/04)
2004        Oct 9, Israeli troops shot at Hamas militants about to fire an anti-tank missile, setting off an explosion that killed one man and wounded three. Israeli soldiers in northern Gaza killed 5 Palestinians including Hamas militant Abed Nabham (25).
    (AP, 10/9/04)(SSFC, 10/10/04, p.A16)
2004        Oct 9, Typhoon Ma-on hit Japan. It was the most powerful typhoon to hit Japan's Pacific coastline in a decade and left 2 dead with 5 missing.
    (AP, 10/9/04)(WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 9, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen killed Mufti Muhammad Jamil Ahmed, a leading pro-Taliban Sunni Muslim cleric and an associate.
    (AP, 10/9/04)(SFC, 10/11/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 9, In Serbia Ljubisa Beara, former colonel and the security chief for the Bosnian Serb army's main staff, was arrested. He was accused of genocide for the 1995 mass killing of Muslims in the U.N.-protected zone of Srebrenica.
    (AP, 10/10/04)

2005        Oct 9, A driverless Volkswagen won a $2 million race across the rugged Nevada desert, beating four other robot-guided vehicles that completed a Pentagon-sponsored contest aimed at making warfare safer for humans [see Oct 8].
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2005        Oct 9, In SF, Cal., Tiger Woods won the American Express Championship at Harding Park on a 2nd sudden death hole over John Daly.
    (SFC, 10/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 9, Louis Nye, TV comic and 2nd banana, died in LA.
    (WSJ, 10/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker rammed a car laden with explosives into an armored vehicle carrying British government officials, wounding four of them.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, Riot police in Azerbaijan scattered hundreds of opposition supporters protesting in Baku in defiance of a ban, beating some with truncheons and dragging several away as tensions mounted ahead of parliamentary elections next month.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, The bullet-riddled body of Luis Fernando Ribeiro (26), the suspected mastermind of a $70 million heist from a branch of Brazil's Central Bank, was found on an isolated road west of Rio de Janeiro. A document signed by four state prosecutors was published Oct 21 in the Rio newspaper O Globo saying there were signs police may have been involved in Ribeiro's kidnapping and killing. Almost $63 million remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 9, A frantic search for about 1,400 people believed to be buried alive by a mudslide in the Maya village of Panabaj, Guatemala, was continuing as the death toll from massive floods throughout Central America and Mexico rose to a staggering 618.
    (AFP, 10/9/05)(WSJ, 10/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 9, A UN official said more than 2.5 million people have been left homeless by the devastating 7.6-magnitude earthquake that shook India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, A suicide car bomb killed 2 people outside an apartment building used by the Iranian-backed Badr Brigade, a Shiite militia linked to one of the main parties in the Iraqi government.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, Three Israeli Arabs pleaded guilty to planning to plant bombs on a commuter train track and discussing bombing Tel Aviv's Azrieli Towers, the tallest buildings in Israel.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, It was reported that dengue fever was causing concerns in Malaysia and Martinique. Malaysia reported 71 deaths so far this year from over 27,000 cases. Martinique reported almost 1,000 cases a week since mid-September.
    (SSFC, 10/9/05, p.D2)
2005        Oct 9, In Poland voters chose between two former Solidarity movement activists in presidential elections, underlining the decline of the former communists in a country that was part of the Soviet bloc only 16 years ago.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, The slaughter of thousands of domestic fowl in Romania and Turkey began as a precaution against the spread of bird flu after both countries confirmed their first cases of the disease over the weekend.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 9, Interfax news reported that Russia will supply Afghanistan's fledgling army with helicopters and equipment worth $30 million, more than 15 years after Moscow withdrew after a nearly decade-long war.
    (AP, 10/9/05)
2005        Oct 9, A Rwandan militia killed 15 civilians with machetes and knives in a nighttime raid on two villages in Congo's mountainous east.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 9, Rebels freed 36 members of an African Union team, including an American monitor, who were kidnapped earlier in the day in Sudan's western Darfur region.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 9, In Tajikistan a grenade killed a woman (25) on a street in Dushanbe. It was placed in her handbag by a former boyfriend.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2006        Oct 9, American Edmund S. Phelps won the 2006 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for explaining the relationship between inflation and unemployment, work that has had a profound impact on macroeconomic policy.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, The US Customs and Border Protection officials, effective today, scrapped their 11-month-old policy of seizing prescription drugs imported through the mail from Canada.
    (Reuters, 10/4/06)
2006        Oct 9, A US court has threatened to shut down the London-based Spamhaus Project, a volunteer-run antispam service, for ignoring an $11.7 million judgement against it.
    (http://tinyurl.com/p3hsm)
2006        Oct 9, Google Inc. agreed to acquire YouTube Inc., a leading video-sharing Web site founded by Chad Hurley and Steve Chen, for $1.65 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.E1)(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.B14)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.67)
2006        Oct 9, Pharmaceutical group GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) has announced a deal to buy US consumer healthcare group CNS for $566 million (449 million euros).
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Ray Noorda, computer network pioneer and founder of Novell corp., died in Orem, Utah.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Noorda)
2006        Oct 9, In eastern Afghanistan 5 people, including 3 officials on their way to investigate a school burning, were killed by a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province. 2 Taliban rebels were killed in return fire after insurgents attacked ISAF and Afghan soldiers who were distributing food in southeastern Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/10/06)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 9, Cambodian PM Hun Sen began a six-day official visit to Australia that will focus on security and trade.
    (AFP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Khaled al-Masri (43), a Kuwaiti-born German citizen, testified in a Spanish court that he was kidnapped on Dec 31, 2003, at the Serbia-Macedonia border while on vacation, tortured by US intelligence agents for 23 days, then flown by the CIA to Afghanistan where he was imprisoned and abused for five months. He was released in Albania in May 2004 after the CIA discovered they had the wrong person.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Christian Streiff, the head of Airbus, resigned after 99 days on the job due to clashed over operational powers with the EADS board of directors. EADS named Louis Gallois, a co-chief executive officer to replace him.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.E3)
2006        Oct 9, In India Jaya Jaitley, the president of the opposition Samata (Equality) Party, was charged with taking a "hefty" kickback in 2000 as part of a multi-million-dollar defense contract with a state-run Israeli company.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 9,    Kanshi Ram (b.1934), founder of India’s Bahujan Samaj Party (1984), died. The party was founded promote the interests of India’s low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.B7)   
2006        Oct 9, Iraqi forces arrested Sabah Ireimit al-Issawi, a high-ranking member of the al-Qaida in Iraq terror organization. Gunmen wearing military uniforms assassinated Lt. Gen. Amir al-Hashimi, a Defense Ministry adviser and the brother of Iraq's Sunni Arab vice president in his home, the third sibling the official has lost this year to the country's violence. 11 Iraqi soldiers were kidnapped in a brazen attack on a checkpoint in Sadr City. Iraqi and US troops killed at least nine fighters in clashes with the Mahdi Army, Iraq's most powerful Shiite militia, in the southern city of Diwaniya, the second straight day of battles there. Gunmen killed police Lt. Col. Salih al-Karkhi in the Diyala capital of Baqouba. In west Baghdad, two security guards at a municipal building were killed by unidentified gunmen. In the northern town of Tal Afar, a suicide car bomber slammed into a police checkpoint, killing one policeman. One US soldier was killed on patrol in Baghdad. 3 US Marines died from enemy action in Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 9, North Korea faced united global condemnation and calls for harsh sanctions after it announced it had detonated an atomic weapon in an underground test. Russia's defense minister said the nuclear test was equivalent to 5,000 tons to 15,000 tons of TNT. The US pushed for sanctions on North Korea following its nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 9, Panamanian authorities said they suspect a medicine taken to treat high blood pressure may be among the factors leading to the deaths of 21 people since July who have succumbed to a mysterious illness that triggers kidney failure. Panama's health minister stopped sales of the medication, Lisinopril Normon, on Oct 6 and began removing it from pharmacy shelves. About 9,000 Panamanians were taking the medicine. Total deaths eventually reached at least 116 from contaminated medications [see Oct 18].
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 5/10/08)
2006        Oct 9, Somali government troops with Ethiopian help recaptured Burhakaba. The Islamic militia that has seized much southern Somalia declared a holy war against Ethiopia accusing its neighbor of deploying thousands of troops to prop up the weak UN-backed government.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.A3)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.49)
2006        Oct 9, Russia’s Gazprom said it would develop the giant Shtokman natural gas field in the Barents Sea alone and that it would send most of the gas by pipeline to Europe. An earlier plan called for shipping most of the gas in liquefied form to the US.
    (WSJ, 10/10/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 9, In Russia an apartment building partially collapsed in the city of Vyborg near the Finnish border. 7 bodies were later found in the rubble.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 9, Thailand's king approved a post-coup Cabinet lineup, ushering in an interim government expected to rule the country for one year until the next elections are held.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, Turkey called on the EU to oppose French legislation that would outlaw denials that World War I-era killings of Armenians amounted to genocide.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, The UN Security Council officially nominated South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-Moon to be the next UN secretary-general.
    (AP, 10/9/06)
2006        Oct 9, In Venezuela spending exceeded gains from oil sales and the government expected to see a deficit for the year of 4.3% of GDP.
    (WSJ, 10/10/06, p.A6)

2007        Oct 9, The US Supreme Court rejected without comment an appeal from Khaled el-Masri, a German citizen of Lebanese descent, who claims he was abducted and tortured by the CIA, effectively endorsing Bush administration arguments that state secrets would be revealed if the case were allowed to proceed.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, In Texas Ronald Taylor (47), who spent a dozen years in prison for a rape he didn't commit, was freed based on DNA evidence. He became the third inmate to be released because of problems with the Houston Police Department's crime lab.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, A Maui judge said he would not allow the Hawaii Superferry to sail between Honolulu and Kahului while the state studies the environmental impact of interisland service.
    (SFC, 10/10/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 9, American Electric Power (AEP) of Columbus, Ohio, accused of spreading smog and acid rain across a dozen states, agreed to pay at least $4.6 billion to cut chemical emissions in what the government called the nation's largest environmental settlement.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Two European scientists won the 2007 Nobel Prize in physics for a discovery that lets computers, iPods and other digital devices store reams of data on ever-shrinking hard disks. France's Albert Fert and German Peter Gruenberg independently described giant magnetoresistance in 1988, then saw the electronics industry apply it in disks with incredible amounts of storage.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Brewers SABMiller and Molson Coors Brewing said they have agreed to combine their US operations to create a business that will have annual sales of $6.6 billion and be the second-biggest market player behind Anheuser-Busch.
    (Reuters, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Carol Bruce (b.1919), singer, Broadway star, and film and TV actress, died in Woodland Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 10/9/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carol_Bruce)
2007        Oct 9, Afghan authorities shut down two private security companies and said more than 10 others, some suspected of murder and robbery, would soon be closed. In Kabul 82 illegal weapons had been found during the two raids at the Afghan-run security companies Watan and Caps.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 9, In Argentina former police chaplain Christian von Wernich was found guilty of being a "co-participant" with police in seven homicides, 31 torture cases and 42 kidnappings, ending a trial that has focused attention on the church during the 1976-83 military rule.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 9, Australia's third richest man, cardboard box billionaire Richard Pratt, apologized for forming a price-fixing cartel with his main rival Amcor.
    (AFP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Britain’s Labor Party announce a decision to raise capital gains taxes to a flat 18% from an effective 10% on most business assets as of April 2008.
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.71)(http://tinyurl.com/37mapa)
2007        Oct 9, In Canada the Conservatives swept to an easy victory in Newfoundland and Labrador, with voters giving a thumbs up to the province-first policies of populist Premier Danny Williams.
    (Reuters, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 9, The Ethiopian parliament reelected President Girma Wolde-Giorgis for a new six-year-term to his largely ceremonial post.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, In Iceland Yoko Ono urged the world to give peace a chance as she unveiled a monument in memory of her husband, former Beatle John Lennon (d.1980). Ono lit up the Imagine Peace Tower on Videy island near the capital's harbor on what would have been Lennon's 67th birthday.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Two suicide car bombers targeted a local police chief and a prominent Sunni sheik working with US forces against al-Qaida in Iraq in Beiji, killing at least 19 people. Three car bombs in Baghdad killed 15 people, including eight who died in an attack near the Shiite Khulani mosque. Drive-by shooters killed the deputy police chief in Mosul. A roadside bomb ripped through and outdoor market near a bus station in Jisr Diyala on Baghdad's southeastern outskirts, killing two civilians and wounding 10 others. The bullet-riddled bodies of three men in their 30s also were found on a highway in Hillah, apparent victims of so-called sectarian death squads largely run by Shiite militias. At least 42 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. Foreign security guards killed two Armenian Christian women when they opened fire on a car in the center of Baghdad. Iraqi authorities blamed the deaths on guards working for Unity Resources Group, a security company owned by Australian partners but with headquarters in the United Arab Emirates. The US military said nine insurgents were killed and 21 suspects detained during operations Oct 8-9 near Baghdad, Mosul, Beiji and Samarra.
    (AP, 10/9/07)(AFP, 10/9/07)(AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 9, Japan's Cabinet approved plans to extend economic sanctions against North Korea, despite the communist state's agreement to disable its main nuclear complex by year's end.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Airstrikes hit a village bazaar in North Waziristan tribal region, killing more than 50 militants and civilians and wounding scores more. Pakistan’s army said fierce fighting between Islamic militants and security forces near the Afghan border has killed as many as 250 people over four days.
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, In Puerto Rico animal control workers seized dozens of dogs and cats from housing projects in the town of Barceloneta and hurled them to their deaths from a bridge in the neighboring town of Vega Baja. Mayor Sol Luis Fontanez blamed a contractor hired to take the animals to a shelter. In 2008 a Puerto Rican judge found a contractor and two of his workers not guilty of animal cruelty due to lack of evidence. International anger led more than 50,000 people worldwide to sign a petition threatening to boycott travel to the Caribbean island. Tourism officials estimated Puerto Rico lost more than $15 million as a result.
    (AP, 10/13/07)(AP, 9/10/08)(AP, 9/16/10)
2007        Oct 9, Alexander Pichushkin (33), a Russian man accused of murdering 49 people, asked a Moscow court to add another eleven victims to his tally, and told a jury when he first strangled a man it was like falling in love for the first time. He has been branded the 'chessboard murderer' by Russian newspapers because he hoped to put a coin on every square of a 64-place chessboard for each murder.
    (Reuters, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, In Sierra Leone a UN-backed court sentenced Moinina Fofana and Allieu Kondewa, two former leaders of a pro-government militia, to six and eight years in prison for brutalities committed during Sierra Leone's civil war (1991-2002).
    (AP, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, The impoverished Nama tribe won back diamond-rich land confiscated by a government mining company more than 80 years ago, ending South Africa's longest running court case. The Nama had lodged their claim to the coastal plain in 1997.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 9, A car bomb exploded in the northern city of Bilbao in Spain's Basque Country, badly burning a man who worked as a bodyguard for a local politician.
    (Reuters, 10/9/07)
2007        Oct 9, Turkish PM Tayyip Erdogan gave the green light for a possible military incursion into northern Iraq to crush Kurdish rebels hiding there after several deadly attacks on Turkish security forces.
    (Reuters, 10/9/07)

2008        Oct 9, Virginia’s Gov. Timothy M. Kaine ordered 570 state employee layoffs, cut college funding by at least 5%, ordered some older prisons closed and postponed state employee raises to deal with a $2.5 billion fiscal crises.
    (WSJ, 10/10/08, p.A6)
2008        Oct 9, Chicago’s Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart halted evictions on foreclosed properties, saying innocent tenants were being put on the street. But bankers said he was breaking the law.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 9, Wells Fargo & Co. proceeded with plans to acquire Wachovia as Citigroup said it would not pursue additional legal actions to halt the takeover. The Federal Reserve approved the acquisition on Oct 12.
    (SFC, 10/10/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A15)
2008        Oct 9, Afghanistan appealed for more NATO help to attack heroin dealers at a meeting with NATO counterparts in Budapest. General David McKiernan, the top US commander in Afghanistan, said he backed a "political solution" to the country's dragging conflict with Taliban-led extremists. The US pushed NATO allies to order their troops to target Afghanistan's thriving heroin trade in a bid to stem the flow of drug money to the widening insurgency against the troubled international military mission.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A16)
2008        Oct 9, Ethiopia signed a 220-million-euro (300 million dollar) deal with a French company for the construction of Africa's largest wind farm.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 9, The Swedish Academy announced French novelist Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio (b.1940) as the 2008 Nobel Prize in literature for his poetic adventure and "sensual ecstasy." Le Clezio made his breakthrough as a novelist with "Desert," in 1980.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, Trading in Hungary’s bond market broke down as buyers practically disappeared for a 10-year auction. The government raised less than planned. A day earlier it left its key lending rate at 8.5%.
    (WSJ, 10/10/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 9, Iceland suspended trading on its stock exchange for two days and took control of the country's largest bank, the third to be placed under its protective umbrella, as it grappled with a banking crisis that is threatening to engulf the entire country.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ordered his government to suspend a controversial new sales tax, a day after a rare strike by merchants worried about how the new measure would affect their business.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, Saleh al-Auqaeili, an Iraqi lawmaker loyal to anti-U.S. Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, was killed when a bomb struck his convoy in Baghdad. At least one bystander was also killed in the bombing.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, The Libyan oil company Tamoil said the Libyan government has again decided to halt oil deliveries to Switzerland.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, Poll results in the Maldives indicated President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom to be headed for a runoff against Mohamed Nasheed, a former political prisoner who leads the main opposition.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, The International Atomic Energy Agency said North Korea has told it that the government is placing all its main nuclear complex off-limits to inspectors and will stop its program of dismantling the site.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, Two American journalists, Holli Chmela (27) and Taylor Luck (23), who went missing during a vacation in Lebanon eight days ago were released in Syria and returned to Jordan. The next day they said they had been "kidnapped" by their taxi driver and taken into Syria, where they were held in custody for a week before being released.
    (AP, 10/9/08)(AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 9, In northern Mexico gunmen opened fire in a bar in Chihuahua, killing 11 people. The body of Miguel Angel Villagomez, editor of La Noticia newspaper in the western state of Michoacan, was found shot dead on the side of a highway in neighboring Guerrero state.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 9, Montenegro and Macedonia recognized Kosovo's independence, despite opposition from Serbia, which called the moves by its Balkan neighbors a betrayal and expelled the Montenegrin ambassador from Belgrade.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, NATO joined a growing international force to protect vessels off Somalia's perilous coast, sending military ships to the treacherous waters where pirates are negotiating the release of an arms-laden tanker.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 9, Pakistani fighter jets and helicopter gunships destroyed a Taliban militant facility in the Swat Valley, killing 20 militants. Separately, five civilians, including women and children, were killed when a shell hit a house in the Matta district of Swat during clashes between troops and insurgents. Bombings targeting police killed 10 people and wounded 14 in the volatile northwest and the capital. Suspected US missile strikes hit Tappi village in North Waziristan, killing at least 9 people and a house in the village of Dande Darpa Khel.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A17)
2008        Oct 9, In Peru a bomb killed 13 soldiers and 2 civilians in Huancavelica, east of Lima, in an apparent response to an army operation to shut down Shining Path camps.
    (AP, 10/10/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.50)
2008        Oct 9, Somali pirates freed 20 Filipino seamen from a hijacked ship they held for more than 80 days, as the Philippine government doubled the pay of sailors passing through pirate-infested international waters. 47 Filipinos on three other ships were still in the hands of Somali pirates. Pirates also released 29 Iranian crew members and their cargo ship hijacked off Somalia's coast in late July.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 9, A suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber blew himself up near a convoy carrying a senior Sri Lankan Cabinet minister, wounding his deputy and at least six others. One bystander was killed and a wounded person died in the hospital.
    (AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A17)
2008        Oct 9, According to the Sudanese army 15 people were killed when Darfur rebels attacked a local government convoy with military escort in the far west of the region.
    (AFP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 9, The central banks of Taiwan and South Korea cut interest rates as Japan and others pumped more cash into the financial markets.
    (WSJ, 10/10/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 9, The leaders of Thailand's anti-government protesters said they will surrender to police after a court dropped treason charges against them, but vowed to continue their occupation of the prime minister's office after posting bail.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, In Tobago Anna Sundsval (62) and Oke Olsoon (73) of Sweden were slashed to death at their home in the Bon Accord area. A suspect was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 9, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko called early general elections after dissolving parliament when parties failed to resurrect a ruling pro-Western coalition in the former Soviet state.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 9, Zimbabwe's opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said that power-sharing talks with President Robert Mugabe's government had stalled and outside mediation was needed to break the deadlock. The UN food agency made an urgent appeal for 140 million dollars (102 million euros) in food aid for more than five million Zimbabweans facing severe hunger. A state newspaper said Zimbabwe's annual inflation rate soared to 231 million percent in July.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)

2009        Oct 9, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to US President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Stephen Pechenik (78), the president of a San Antonio company, pleaded guilty to charges that he conspired to receive and sell petroleum stolen from Mexico's oil giant, Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex. He was the 4th Texas oil executive to plead guilty to felony charges of conspiring to receive and sell stolen petroleum condensate. Much of the Mexican oil rustling was traced to the Zetas, a criminal group founded by former military commandos.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/yjs42ms)
2009        Oct 9, Playboy magazine said Marge Simpson, the blue beehived (cartoon) matriarch of America's most loved dysfunctional family, is Playboy magazine's November cover.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, NASA smacked two spacecraft into the lunar south pole in a search for hidden ice. Instruments confirm that a large empty rocket hull barreled into the moon at 7:31 a.m., followed four minutes later by a probe with cameras taking pictures of the first crash.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Afghan and international forces killed nine Taliban in a firefight in eastern Wardak province. 2 Polish soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb also in Wardak province. Four others were wounded.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Algeria 10 suspected Islamists and 3 soldiers were killed in a fierce gunbattle near the Great Erg, the world's largest sand dune, when a convoy of heavily armed militants was attacked by the Algerian army.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Brazil Wallace Souza, a former police officer and TV crime show host accused of commissioning killings to boost ratings, turned himself in to authorities in Manaus and was jailed on homicide and drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Burkina Faso's environment minister, at the opening of a special forum on climate change, said Africa needs 65 billion dollars (44 billion euros) to deal with the effects of global warming.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Czech Rep. Pres. Vaclav Klaus set out his terms for signing the Lisbon Treaty, demanding an exemption to protect Prague from post-war property claims and safeguard the sovereignty of the judiciary.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In the Dominican Rep. dozens of citizens wearing flip-flops and swim suits and carrying coolers and surfboards soaked in the sun outside Congress to protest a proposal they say will limit public access to beaches and rivers. President Leonel Fernandez and opposition leader Miguel Vargas Maldonado supported the amendment that guaranteed the right to private property along beaches and rivers, without giving any reasons.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Egypt's top Islamic cleric said that students and teachers will not be allowed to wear face veils in classrooms and dormitories of Sunni Islam's premier institute of learning, al-Azhar, part of a government effort to curb radical Islamic practices.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, France's culture minister agreed to return painted wall fragments to Egypt after a row over their ownership prompted the country to cut ties with the Louvre Museum.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Haiti 11 UN peacekeepers were killed when a CASA C-212 surveillance flight slammed into a mountain. The victims were Uruguayan and Jordanian troops serving with the 9,000-strong UN peacekeeping force that has been in Haiti since 2004.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Hungary contestants showed off breast implants, nose jobs and face lifts as Miss Plastic Hungary 2009 strove to promote the benefits of plastic surgery.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Indonesian police raided a house near the capital, shooting dead suspected al-Qaida-linked militants Syaiffudin Djaelani and his brother, Mohamad Syahrir, wanted in the suicide bombings of luxury hotels in Jakarta. Djaelani was believed to have recruited two young bombers for the July 17 strikes on the J.W. Marriott and Ritz-Carlton.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(Reuters, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 9, Amnesty Int’l. said Mohammad Reza Ali Zamani (37) was the first person to be sentenced to death in connection with the unrest in Iran following the disputed June12 elections. He was convicted of “enmity against God” through membership in a group that seeks the end of the Islamic Republic and the establishment of a monarchy.
    (SFC, 10/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 9, In Iraq Jamal Humadi, a Sunni cleric who denounced insurgents in Iraq, was killed north of Baghdad when a bomb tore through his car, the second such attack against religious officials in as many weeks.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Japanese officials said they have obtained rights to develop platinum mines in South Africa and Botswana in a bid to ensure a stable supply of the metal. The government-backed Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp. (JOGMEC) said it has signed a contract with Discovery Metals in Australia to jointly develop nickel and platinum mines in northeast Botswana. It has also inked another deal with Canadian firm Platinum Group Metals to explore for platinum in South Africa.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Mexico the mutilated body of state official Rogelio Sanchez, who authorities said was suspected of giving fake driver's licenses to drug gang members, was found hanging from a bridge in the border city of Tijuana. Sanchez was kidnapped Oct 7 as he left his home in Tijuana. Police in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero found the bodies of 10 men, all apparently shot to death. Signs left next to the bodies read: "This is what is going to happen to all thieves and extortionists.” In rural western Jalisco state four suspects were killed and 17 arrested in an hours-long gun battle between members of a criminal gang and soldiers and police.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Myanmar's detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was granted a rare meeting with top Western diplomats to discuss sanctions imposed on the military-ruled nation.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In southeastern Nigeria some 70-80 people died when a petroleum tanker truck exploded and set nine other vehicles alight on a road. At least five minibuses packed with up to 18 passengers each and two cars were incinerated by the fireball. The truck had toppled and leaked into a deep pothole and then exploded after a car crashed into it.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Pakistan a massive suicide car bomb ripped through a packed market in Peshawar, killing 53 people, including 9 children, and injured over 100. The government vowed to launch a new offensive in Waziristan in the wake of the massive bombing.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 9, In the northern Philippines driving rain on the heels of back-to-back storms triggered dozens of landslides across, burying more than 225 people, washing away villages and leaving almost an entire province under water.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Vyacheslav Ivankov (69), a Russian crime boss who spent nearly 10 years in a US prison, died in a Moscow hospital, two months after being shot several times coming out of a restaurant on July 28. He was arrested by the FBI in 1995 and convicted of trying to extort millions of dollars from an investment firm run by Russian emigres in New York. He was extradited to Russia from the US in 2004 to face murder charges, but was acquitted.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Somalia an Islamist spokesman says gunmen have killed Ahmed Abdurahamn Odawa, aka "Taliban," a senior member of Somalia's insurgency in Mogadishu. Odawa's bodyguard and a nearby civilian were also killed. Three people were killed and six injured in a separate incident in the central Somali village of Bacda. 6 masked men used machetes to carry out amputations on three young men accused of robbery by a Somali Islamist court in Kismayo.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Jacques Chessex (b.1934), one of French-speaking Switzerland's leading novelists and the first non-Frenchman to receive the prestigious Prix Goncourt, died. He was honored in 1973 with the Prix Goncourt literary award for his novel "L'ogre" ("The Ogre"), a largely autobiographical account of a difficult father-son relationship.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, The US Peace Corps’ country director in Turkmenistan said the Central Asian nation has denied entry to 47 Peace Corps volunteers. A diplomatic note from the embassy said that they would be invited next year, but not for this year.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Vietnam a judge in Haiphong sentenced 9 activists up to six years for hanging democracy banners and other acts against the state, prompting tears and condemnation from relatives. Some of the activists were linked to an outlawed pro-democracy grouping called Bloc 8406. Nguyen Xuan Nghia (60), the alleged leader of six activists, received the heaviest penalty of six years in prison followed by three years of house arrest.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.55)

2010        Oct 9, The IMF wrapped up 2 days of talks in Washington DC. Global leaders failed to resolve deep differences that threatened a full-blown currency war.
    (SSFC, 10/10/10, p.A10)
2010        Oct 9, It was reported that Madeleine Pickens, the wife of billionaire T. Boone Pickens, has acquired a Nevada ranch for use as a wild horse sanctuary, the Mustang Monument Preserve. The 14,000 acre property included grazing rights to 540,000 acres of public land. She was also said to be negotiating for and adjoining 4,000-acre ranch with grazing rights to 24,000 acres. She hoped to return all 34,000 in government funded holding facilities and pastures to their natural habitat.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A7)
2010        Oct 9, In North Carolina the parents of Zahra Baker (10) reportedly saw her alive for the last time. Stepmother Eliza Baker told police on Oct 24 that Zahra was dead and that her body had been dismembered. On Nov 12 police found a bone that matched Zahra’s DNA. On Feb 21, 2011, Elisa Baker was indicted for the murder of Zahra.
    (SFC, 11/16/10, p.A18)(SFC, 2/22/11, p.A4)
2010        Oct 9, In southern Utah a small plane crashed and killed 2 National park Service law enforcement agents in the Dixie National Forest.
    (SSFC, 10/10/10, p.A10)
2010        Oct 9, President Hamid Karzai told Afghans in Kandahar that it was their duty to return to their homes and help protect their villages in the Kandahar region where international troops are trying to rout insurgents. 4 Italian soldiers were killed in an insurgent attack in the west. Intelligence sources tracked a Taliban commander, identified as Mullah Jamaluddin, as he traveled in western Badghis province's Murghab district. A gunbattle erupted and the Taliban leader and two militants were killed. Taliban leader, Ajmal Agha Jan, was killed in southern Helmand province's Marjah district after he pulled a pistol on a joint force that raided his compound.
    (AP, 10/9/10)(AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 9, The Arab League opened a summit in Libya with the pressing Israeli-Palestinian conflict and Sudan added to the original agenda.
    (AFP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, In Bangladesh three days of incessant rains have left at least 17 people dead and 41 fishermen missing across the southern coast.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, In Chile a drilling rig punched through to the underground purgatory where 33 miners have been trapped for 66 agonizing days under the desert at Camp Hope. If close video examination persuades engineers that the shaft is smooth, strong and uniform enough to let the capsule pass without significant obstacles, then rescuers plan to start pulling the men out one by one as early as Oct 12.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, China and the United States clashed on the final day of climate change talks in Tianjin, accusing each other of blocking progress ahead of a major summit next month on global warming.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, In China a collision between an intercity bus and a cement truck on a foggy eastern China highway killed at least 17 people outside Nanjing city.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, It was reported that Cuba will release into exile in Spain a lawyer jailed for allegedly revealing state security secrets and two hijackers, none of whom were on a list of 52 political prisoners the government has agreed to free in a deal with the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, Hungarian police and soldiers evacuated 800 from the village of Kolontar as authorities said a second flood of toxic sludge from a chemicals plant was likely after new cracks appeared in a dyke.
    (AFP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, Erwin Arnada (47), the former editor-in-chief of Playboy Indonesia, began a two-year prison sentence for publishing pictures of scantily clothed women, riling free speech activists in the world's most populous Muslim nation. The Supreme Court had found Arnada guilty of violating indecency laws during a closed-door session in August, overruling a 2007 acquittal by the South Jakarta District Court.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, Iran said it is ready to hold talks over its nuclear program with the US and other major powers in late October or early November. Iran also revealed for the first time that some personnel at the country's nuclear facilities were lured by promises of money to pass secrets to the West, but said increased security and worker privileges have put a stop to the spying.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, A 650-foot Lithuanian-flagged ferry was ablaze in the Baltic Sea after an explosion on the upper deck. Firefighting ships sprayed the vessel with water to keep it from breaking apart and spilling some 170 tons of fuel. 249 people aboard were rescued by six ships that moved in to help after the explosion on the Lisco Gloria around midnight. A four-person team was lowered to the ferry by helicopter and managed to anchor the vessel off the southern tip of the Danish island Langeland to keep it from drifting farther ashore.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, In northern Nigeria gunmen on motorcycle taxis killed Islamic cleric Sheikh Bashir Mustapha. He had been an outspoken critic of Boko Haram, a radical Muslim sect blamed for a rash of recent shootings. Authorities believed Sheikh Bashir Mustapha was slain by members of Boko Haram, which means "Western education is sacrilege" in the local Hausa language.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, Pakistan announced it would reopen a key border crossing and allow convoys to resume delivering supplies to NATO troops in Afghanistan, ending a 10-day blockade during which trucks were stranded on their way to the border and almost 150 were destroyed by attackers. Just hours before the announcement of the reopening, gunmen armed with a rocket attacked 29 tankers carrying NATO fuel supplies which had been stopped outside a roadside restaurant in the southwest, setting them ablaze. The border is normally closed on Sundays, so Oct 11 appeared to be the soonest the flow of supplies over the crossing would resume.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas urged Arab leaders to press the United States to recognize a unilateral declaration of statehood if peace talks with Israel collapse. Extremist Jews ripped off branches and cut the roots of Palestinian olive trees in the West Bank village of Burin, as the yearly 45-day harvest of the important crop began.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, Somali pirates attacked the 241-ton Kenya-registered trawler. 2 South Koreans, 2 Chinese and 39 Kenyans were aboard the trawler when it was attacked in the waters off Kenya's Lamu Island.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 9, In Sudan some 30 separatists in Khartoum clashed with police as some 3,000 opponents of the country's potential breakup in a southern independence vote due in January demonstrated during a visit by UN ambassadors. Envoys from the 15 UN Security Council members were in the capital on the final stage of a four-day visit in which they expressed the international community's concern that the referendum go ahead on schedule.
    (AFP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, In central Vietnam the death toll in devastating floods rose to 62 as authorities rushed aid to about 100,000 people facing food shortages.
    (AP, 10/9/10)
2010        Oct 9, In Yemen self-confessed militant Saleh al-Shaoush admitted to carrying out deadly attacks on military targets and oil facilities, as four other suspected Al-Qaeda members went on trial for planning attacks. Al-Shaoush was arrested on January 30 as he prepared to carry out a suicide bombing in the southeastern port of Mukalla. The US-based SITE monitoring service reported that Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) claimed it had assassinated a colonel named Abdul al-Karim al-Baan in the southern Lahij province. AQAP also said it had shot an intelligence officer named Al-Hashidi in the province.
    (AFP, 10/9/10)

2011        Oct 9, In Afghanistan ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai began her eighth day of a hunger strike. Through chapped lips and in a rough voice, she said she would not drink or eat anything until President Hamid Karzai opened an investigation into vote fraud by the woman who has taken over her seat in Herat province.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, Algerian police arrested roughly 25 unemployed people as they prepared to rally against joblessness near the presidential compound.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, The governments of Belgium, France and Luxembourg said they had approved a plan for the future of embattled bank Dexia, but they offered no details. France and Belgium became part owners of the bank during a euro6 billion ($7.8 billion) 2008 bailout. They have promised to ensure that no Dexia depositors lose money. Luxembourg held a smaller stake. The cost of the bailout to French taxpayers was about €6.6 billion.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(Econ, 11/16/13, p.77)
2011        Oct 9, Cameroon voted in a presidential election widely expected to take longtime leader Paul Biya (78) into his fourth decade in power. Food and living costs continued to spiral as unemployment reached a crushing 60%. The vote was marked by widespread voter apathy, with Biya's reelection never in doubt, but was also marred by the killings of two policemen and an opposition official. On Oct 21 the Supreme Court said Biya was reelected for a sixth term with about 78% of the votes.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/10/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 9, China's President Hu Jintao called for Taiwan and the Chinese mainland to reunite, as he marked the 100th anniversary of the revolution that ended the nation's long imperial history.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Egypt some 1,000 Christian protesters tried to stage a peaceful sit-in outside the state television building along the Nile in downtown Cairo. The protesters said they were attacked by "thugs" with sticks and the violence then spiraled out of control after a speeding military vehicle jumped up onto a sidewalk and rammed into some of the Christians. 27 people were killed including at least 3 soldiers. Wael Mikhael, a cameraman working for a Coptic Christian broadcaster, was among those killed. On Oct 25 the New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation of the deaths and urged authorities to transfer investigation of the case from military to civilian prosecutors.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 9, In French Polynesia German tourist Stefan Ramin (40) was murdered while visiting Nuku Hiva island. Haiti, a 31-year-old local guide, said Ramin was injured and then attempted to sexually assault Ramin’s girlfriend Heike Dorsch (37). Human remains were found in a charred pit on the island on Oct 12.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Iran Peiman Aref, a student activist supporting the opposition, received 74 lashes before leaving the prison where he had served a yearlong term for insulting the president.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 9, Libya's revolutionary forces seized a convention center that had served as a key base for fighters loyal to Moammar Gadhafi in the fugitive leader's hometown, as they squeezed remaining regime loyalists in the besieged coastal city. In Bani Walid, advancing fighters drove Gadhafi forces out of the airport.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Mexico the entire police force of the northern city of Linares, over 100 officers, was detained for investigation of possible corruption and ties to organized crime. Mexican soldiers and Nuevo Leon state police patrolled in their absence.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Nigeria suspected members of the Boko haram radical sect set off a bomb near a mosque in Maiduguri. A soldier and one civilian died from their injuries. The military was accused of abuses following the attacks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, Paraguay held a constitutional referendum on whether citizens living in Argentina, Spain, the U.S. and elsewhere outside the country can vote. The measure was supported by nearly 78% of the ballots counted.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In the southern Philippines suspected homemade bombs exploded in a budget hotel and at a cockfighting arena, wounding at least 11 people in Zamboanga city.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, Poles voted in parliamentary elections that will determine whether the country continues on its conciliatory course with Russia and Germany, or whether it returns to a more combative stance with its historic foes. Results showed that PM Tusk’s pro-European party could maintain a narrow majority in parliament with its small coalition partner, a sign of deepening stability in this nation of 38 million. The Palikot's Movement, a new left-wing party that opposes the church's influence in political life in this conservative and mainly Catholic country, entered parliament as the third largest force.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, In South Sudan an anti-tank mine reportedly blew up a civilian bus killing 20 people, including four children, in central Unity state.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 9, Syria's foreign minister warned the international community not to recognize a new umbrella council formed by the opposition, threatening "tough measures" against any country that does so. At least 7 civilians were killed in Homs province. 5 soldiers and 3 civilians were killed in Dael. Other soldiers and civilians were killed in the Jabal al-Zawiyah areas in Idlib province. A shooting at a funeral in the Damascus suburb of Dumair left three dead.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 9, Tunisian police arrested dozens of Islamist demonstrators set on attacking the offices of a television channel that had shown the award-winning film "Persepolis," Marjane Satrapi's moving and humorous adaptation of her graphic novels about growing up during and after Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, Yemeni opposition spokesman Mohammed Qahtan urged the UN Security Council to break the political deadlock in Yemen, scoffing at a statement from President Ali Abdullah Saleh that he was ready to step down.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)
2011        Oct 9, In Zimbabwe the archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, condemned "godless" assaults on Anglicans by a breakaway faction of the Anglican Church led by an excommunicated bishop, aligned with Zimbabwe's president. Anglican faithful have turned to tents and parking lots for their services, as renegade bishop Nolbert Kunonga has forcefully blocked them from Church property.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)

2012        Oct 9, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors bucked mayor Ed Lee and gave suspended Sheriff Ross Mirkarimi his job back. Lee needed 9 of 11 votes, but only got seven.
    (SFC, 10/10/12, p.A1)
2012        Oct 9, In Portland, Maine, Alexis Wright (29) pleaded not guilty to 106 counts of prostitution, violation of privacy, tax evasion and other charges for allegedly providing sex for money at her Zumba fitness studio and a nearby one-room office she rented in Kennebunk. The man police say was her business partner, 57-year-old Mark Strong Sr., pleaded not guilty to 59 counts of promotion of prostitution and violation of privacy. On May 31, 2013, Alexis Wright was sentenced to 10 months in jail in a plea agreement.
    (AP, 10/10/12)(SFC, 6/1/13, p.A4)
2012        Oct 9, In New Hampshire Seth Mazzaglia raped and murdered college student Elizabeth Marriott (19) of Westborough, Mass. Kathryn McDonough, his girlfriend, had lured Marriott to their apartment as a sexual offering to her boyfriend. The couple packed Marriott’s body into a suitcase, drove to Portsmouth, and threw it into the Piscataqua River. Her body has never been found.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n5yy7v6)
2012        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Serge Haroche (68) of France and American David Wineland (68) for experiments on quantum particles.
    (SFC, 10/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 9, French police discovered bomb-making materials in an underground parking lot near Paris as part of a probe of an "extremely dangerous terrorist cell" linked to an attack on a kosher grocery.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 9, German chancellor Angela Merkel visited Greece and said the country has covered "much of the ground" required for recovery. Her arrival triggered protests attended by some 50,000 demonstrators in Athens.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, In Iraq a series of attacks across the country killed six people, including three soldiers and a judge.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki vetoed a move by the country's parliament to award legislators bonuses of up to $110,000 at the end of their term next year. The legislators last week quietly awarded themselves the bonuses, sparking public outrage. Earlier this year parliament inaugurated a new 350-seat chamber, where each of the seats cost about $3,000.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 9, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said NATO is ready to defend alliance member Turkey amid artillery exchanges along its tense southeastern border with Syria.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, In northern Nigeria gunmen killed two police officers helping guard workers trying to give polio immunizations to local children in Kano. Police arrested several suspects in the killing.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 9, Pakistan's top court ordered a probe into an alleged barter of seven girls to settle a blood feud in a remote southwestern district. The tradition of families exchanging unmarried girls to settle feuds is banned under Pakistani law but still practiced in the country's more conservative, tribal areas.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, In Pakistan a Taliban gunman walked up to a bus taking children home from school in Mingora, Swat Valley, and shot and wounded Malala Yousufzai, a 14-year-old activist known for championing the education of girls and publicizing atrocities committed by the Taliban.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, In Russia a series of unplanned shell detonations rocked a military test site, releasing giant clouds of smoke over the city of Orenburg near the Kazakhstan border and causing aftershocks.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, Sudan’s military said rebel shelling has killed 5 women and wounded over 20 near the border with South Sudan.
    (SFC, 10/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 9, In Syria Ankhar Kochneva, a Ukrainian woman who worked as an interpreter for a Russian TV crew, was kidnapped by rebels in the country's west. Kochneva was reported free on March 12, 2013.
    (AP, 10/16/12)(AP, 3/12/13)
2012        Oct 9, In southern Thailand 11 people were killed as the Muslim insurgency continued to simmer.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.18)
2012        Oct 9, In Trinidad former world soccer vice president Jack Warner said he wants to stop the release of crime reports and statistics in his capacity as the national security minister, saying that publicizing such information encourages people to commit more crime. The next day Acting Police Commissioner Stephen Williams said he had not received any orders from Warner and will continue to respond to requests for crime information from the media and the public.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 9, The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said its 2009 headline-grabbing announcement that 1 billion people in the world were hungry was off-target and that the number is actually more like 870 million.
    (AP, 10/9/12)
2012        Oct 9, Yemeni authorities discovered three decapitated bodies that had been dumped in an open-air market in the eastern province of Marib. Local media reported that CDs found next to the bodies showed the men confessing to being government informants against al-Qaida and placing tracking devices on cars that became targets for US drone strikes. One of the men said he worked for a tire repair shop and used to plant chips in militants' vehicles while replacing their tires.
    (AP, 10/10/12)

2013        Oct 9, Three US-based scientists won this year's Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing powerful computer models that researchers use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs. Research in the 1970s by Martin Karplus (83), Michael Levitt (66) and Arieh Warshel (72) has led to programs that unveil chemical processes such as how exhaust fumes are purified or how photosynthesis takes place in green leaves.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, US President Barack Obama nominated economist Janet Yellen to lead the Federal Reserve in a move expected to sustain the central bank's easy money policies and efforts to curb joblessness.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, The US said it is poised stopped shipments of some large-scale military systems as well as halting $260 million in cash aid to Egyptian military leaders, who ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi in July.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/10/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 9, In the US 2 men were executed, one in Arizona and the other in Texas, with a drug not yet approved by federal authorities, after the Supreme Court denied one of the inmate's final appeal.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law that expands the definition of who can provide abortions to include nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives and physician assistants.
    (SFC, 10/10/13, p.A1)
2013        Oct 9, Stanley Kaufman (97), film and theater critic for the New Republic, died in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 10/10/13, p.D5)
2013        Oct 9, In West Virginia Thomas J. Piccard (55), an ex-police officer, was shot dead after he peppered a courthouse in Wheeling with gunfire.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bombing killed four people, 2 civilians and 2 policemen in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann's Social Democrats (SPO) got the task of forming a new government and hoped to rebuild their alliance with the conservatives to stave off the eurosceptic far right.
    (Reuters, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Azerbaijan held elections. An exit poll showed President Ilham Aliyev (51) was on track to easily win a third term with 84% of the vote in the oil-exporting ex-Soviet republic. His main opponent said the election was marred by violations. Official results the next day showed Aliyev winning nearly 85% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 10/9/13)(AP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 9, In Bangladesh a huge fire at a factory in Sriput, whose workers were making clothes and fabrics for top Western labels, killed at least 9 people in the latest disaster to blight the country's garment industry.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)(Reuters, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Sex workers in the legendary London district of Soho demonstrated in carnival masks and negligees against evictions they claim threaten their safety and the unique nature of the area.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, In Brunei the leaders of the 10-country Association of Southeast Asian Nations (APEC) met for their annual 2-day East Asia Summit. Members first gathered together before holding group discussions with non-member partners, including the US, China, Japan, South Korea and India.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, In Canada Paul Desmarais Sr. (88), one of the country’s richest and most influential men, died. The self-made billionaire transformed an ailing family-owned bus company into a $271 billion global conglomerate, and was a friend to four Canadian prime ministers.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, In the Central African Republic government forces arrested Mahamat Amine, a rogue ex-rebel commander, and six of his men. Another ex-Seleka warlord known as "Colonel Abdallah," who had been ruling over the eastern town of Bangassou, was arrested together with four of his lieutenants and transferred to Bangui.
    (AFP, 10/11/13)
2013        Oct 9, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang called for a South China Sea of "peace, friendship and cooperation" as he extended a hand in Brunei to APEC leaders wary of Beijing's territorial claims in the strategic waters.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, International observers said irregularities took place in a number of districts in Guinea's parliamentary election last month, possibly harming the credibility of the results.
    (Reuters, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, The head of the European Commission announced during a visit to Lampedusa that Italy would receive an additional 30 million euros ($40 million) in EU funds to help settle and receive new refugees, after the sinking of a migrant boat off the Sicilian island killed at least 302 people.
    (AP, 10/9/13)(AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, In France Leonarda Dibrani, a 15-year-old Roma girl, was taken off a school bus and deported with her family to Kosovo.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.60)
2013        Oct 9, In Israel residents of Jaloud, a Palestinian village in the West Bank, said masked Jewish settlers burst into a school, vandalized cars and torched olive trees during a rampage that forced schoolchildren to remain locked in classrooms to keep safe.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Kuwait newspapers said a court has sentenced an online activist to two years in prison for insulting the Gulf nation's ruler, in the first case since a blanket pardon for similar offenses last summer.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, The Dutch foreign minister apologized to Moscow for the detention of a Russian diplomat in The Hague, saying his right to diplomatic immunity had been violated. Dutch child protection services said earlier they were investigating a complaint from neighbors of diplomat Dmitry Borodin about his treatment of his children.
    (Reuters, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Nigeria's military raided a bomb factory where Islamic extremists were plotting attacks on the northern city of Kano. At the same time Abubakar Sheka, the leader of the Boko Haram terrorist network, threatened in a video more assaults "soon" using heavy weapons he said were seized in battles against the Nigerian military.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Shell Nigeria said new leaks have forced it to close the Trans-Niger Pipeline that carries 150,000 barrels of crude daily, 10 days after the pipeline was reopened following repairs for leaks.
    (AP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 9, The Philippines justice minister said fugitive Muslim leader Nur Misuari has been charged with rebellion following deadly attacks by hundreds of his armed followers on Zamboanga. At least 244 people were killed in the three weeks of fighting.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Russian investigators said several of the 30 Greenpeace activists already charged with piracy over an open-sea protest were set to face new charges for "other grave crimes" after finding drugs on their ship.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Credit Suisse reported that a staggering 35% of household wealth in Russia is owned by just 110 people, the highest level of inequality in the world barring a few small Caribbean islands.
    (AP, 10/9/13)
2013        Oct 9, Turkey’s Supreme Court upheld the convictions of 237 military officers accused of plotting to overthrow the government in 2003.
    (SFC, 10/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 9, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said the global development lender will seek to halve extreme poverty by 2020, an interim goal as the bank seeks to fulfill its poverty-fighting targets.
    (Reuters, 10/9/13)

2014        Oct 9, The US stock market had its worst day of the year as the DJIA plunged 334.97 points to close at 16659.25.
    (SFC, 10/10/14, p.C1)
2014        Oct 9, Poet Carolyn Kizer (89), 1985 winner of the Pulitzer Prize for her collection “Yin,” died in Sonoma, Ca.
    (SSFC, 10/12/14, p.C8)
2014        Oct 9, Britain said it will start screening travelers coming from Ebola-hit parts of west Africa at Heathrow and Gatwick airports and on Eurostar trains from Belgium and France.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, China’s disciplinary body said that Wan Qinglian, the former party head of the southern city of Guangzhou, was being referred for criminal prosecution on accusations of having demanded and received a "gigantic amount" of bribes.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, In CongoDRC 9 civilians were killed overnight when suspected members of a notorious Ugandan Islamist group stormed Oicha village.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, Estonia became the first former Soviet nation to legalize gay partnerships.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, Patrick Modiano (69) of France won the 2014 Nobel Prize in literature. He has made a lifelong study of the Nazi occupation and its effects on his country. Modiano's novel "Missing Person" won the prestigious Prix Goncourt in 1978 and is among the more than 40 of his works published in French.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh signed into law a bill that calls for life imprisonment for some homosexual acts.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 9, Democratic lawmakers in Hong Kong demanded anti-graft officers investigate a $6.4 million business payout to Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying. The city’s government canceled talks with student leaders of a pro-democracy protest that has blocked streets in the city for nearly two weeks, with a senior official saying the discussions were unlikely to be constructive.
    (Reuters, 10/9/14)(AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, The annual Innovation Awards, sponsored by The Economist magazine, were awarded in Hong Kong. The winners were: Jay Keasling of UC Berkeley for developing synthetic artemisinin, the main ingredient in the treatment of malaria; Andrew Rubin, a former VP of Google, for developing the Android smartphone operating system; Urs Holzle, VP of Google for energy efficient data centers; Nandan Nilekani, former chairman of Unique Identification Authority of India, for the development of India’s national ID system; Perry Chen, Yancey Strickler and Charles Adler, the founders of Kickstarter, for popularizing crowdfunding; Renaud Laplanche, founder and CEO of Lending Club, for popularizing peer to peer consumer lending; Jack Dorsey, Biz Stone and Evan Williams for pioneering microblogging using short messages (Twitter); and the Pixar company for computer animation.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, TQ p.9)
2014        Oct 9, Indonesia officially launched a $263 million project to build a giant sea wall along the coast of its capital, Jakarta, in an attempt to protect businesses and homes from flooding.
    (Reuters, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, A Japanese judge ordered Google to remove search results of a man's unflattering past in an order the plaintiff's lawyer compared to Europe's "right to be forgotten" ruling.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Kosovo nine health officials and doctors were arrested under an investigation into private clinics suspected of offering bribes to receive heart surgery patients.
    (Reuters, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Malaysia a grenade was tossed outside a night club at a popular tourist belt in Kuala Lumpur, killing one man and wounding 12 others, including foreigners. The pre-dawn explosion in the Bukit Bintang area was believed to be due to a gang fight and was not a terrorist act.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, Mexican federal police used a seemingly routine traffic checkpoint in Torreon to nab Vicente Carrillo Fuentes (51), the alleged drug cartel boss accused by the government of turning the border city of Juarez into one of the deadliest places on the planet.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Mexico 4 people died in a suspected attack by the Guerreros Unidos gang and five police were wounded.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Mexico four new suspects in the disappearance of students in Iguala took investigators to the site of the four pits, 200 km (125 miles) south of Mexico City, but the number of bodies remains unknown. Some of the bodies appeared burned.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Mozambique the Maputo-based Center for Public Integrity (CIP) said ruling Frelimo party boosted campaign funds for upcoming elections by smuggling timber to Chinese buyers.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Pakistan two suspected US drone strikes killed at least 5 militants in North Waziristan where the military has been fighting insurgents since June.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, The Palestinian unity government held its first ever meeting in the war-ravaged Gaza Strip as its rival factions presented a common front ahead of a major donors' conference.
    (AFP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, Islamic State fighters seized more than a third of the Syrian border town of Kobani, as US-led air strikes failed to halt their advance and Turkish forces nearby looked on without intervening.
    (Reuters, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, Ukraine's president approved legislation to purge government bodies of officials linked to the rule of the country's previous leader, Viktor Yanukovych.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, In Yemen suicide bombers targeting the powerful Shi'ite Houthi group and an army camp killed at least 67 people in two separate attacks, hours after a political crisis forced new PM Ahmed Awad bin Mubarak to step down. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) soon claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 10/9/14)(AFP, 10/11/14)

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