Today in History - October 10

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19AD        Oct 10, Julius Caesar Germanicus (33), Roman commandant of Rijnleger and the best loved of Roman princes, died of poisoning. On his deathbed he accused Piso, the governor of Syria, of poisoning him.
    (HN, 10/10/98)(MC, 10/10/01)

413        Oct 10, Nicias, Athens politician (Peace of Nicias), killed at about age 57.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

680        Oct 10, Imam Hussein, grandson of prophet Mohammed, was beheaded. He was killed by rival Muslim forces on the Karbala plain in modern day Iraq. He then became a saint to Shiite Muslims. Traditionalists and radical guerrillas alike commemorate his martyrdom as the ceremony of Ashura. The 10-day mourning period during the holy month of Muharram commemorates the deaths of Caliph Ali’s male relatives by Sunnis from Iraq. Shiites went on to believe that new leaders should be descendants of Mohammad and Ali. Sunnis went on to vest power in a body of Muslim scholars called the ulema.
    (http://countrystudies.us/iraq/15.htm)(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A14)(SFC, 2/24/06, p.A15)

732        Oct 10, At Tours, France, Charles Martel killed Yemenite general Abd el-Rahman and halted the Muslim invasion of Europe. Islam's westward spread was stopped by the Franks at the Battle of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poitiers).
    (http://tinyurl.com/o1uj)(HN, 10/10/98)

1582        Oct 10, This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, Mar 1990)

1631        Oct 10, A Saxon army occupied Prague.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1659        Oct 10, Able Janszoon Tasman, navigator, died at about 56. He discovered Tasmania.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1455)(MC, 10/10/01)

1684        Oct 10, Jean Antoine Watteau (d.1721), French rococo painter, was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1614)(AAP, 1964)(MC, 10/10/01)

1713        Oct 10, Johann Ludwig Krebs, composer, was born. [see Oct 12]
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1731        Oct 10, Henry Cavendish, English physicist, was born. He later discovered hydrogen.
    (HN, 10/10/98)(MC, 10/10/01)

1733        Oct 10, France declared war on Austria over the question of Polish succession.
    (HN, 10/10/98)

1738        Oct 10, Benjamin West, painter (Death of General Wolfe), was born.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1758        Oct 10, Jean Pierre Chouteau, French fur trader, early St. Louis settler and "father of Oklahoma" was born in New Orleans.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

1780        Oct 10, A Great Hurricane killed 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1789        Oct 10, In Versailles France, Joseph Guillotin said the most humane way of carrying out a death sentence is decapitation by a single blow of a blade.
    (HN, 10/10/98)
1789        Oct 10, Pierre-Louis Couperin, composer, died at 34.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1793        Oct 10, The rebellious French city of Lyons surrendered to Revolutionary troops.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1794        Oct 10, The Russian Army under Gen’l. Alexander Suvorov took Warsaw and captured Tadeus Kosciusko at Maciejowice. T. Vavzeckis was became the new commander of the revolutionary forces.
    (Voruta #27-28, 7/1996, p.5)(HN, 10/10/98)

1802        Oct 10, The 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma was made.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1813        Oct 10, Composer Giuseppe Verdi was born in Le Roncole, Italy.
    (HFA, '96, p.40)(AP, 10/10/97)(HN, 10/10/98)

1845        Oct 10, The U.S. Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, Md., with fifty midshipmen students and seven professors.
    (AP, 10/10/97)(HN, 10/10/98)(MC, 10/10/01)

1846        Oct 10, Alexis the Tocqueville wrote about the "Algerian problem."
    (MC, 10/10/01)
1846        Oct 10, Neptune's moon Triton was discovered by William Lassell. [see Sep 23]
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1863        Oct 10, The first telegraph line to Denver was completed.
    (HN, 10/10/98)
1863        Oct 10, The Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee, resulted in 166 casualties.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1865        Oct 10, Raffaele Merry del Val, Spanish cardinal, was born.
    (MC, 10/10/01)
1865        Oct 10, John Wesley Hyatt patented a new method for manufacturing billiard balls. He used melted glue and cloth as an alternative to the ivory balls in use, but his 1st products did not work well. [see Apr 6, 1869]
    (MC, 10/10/01)(ON, 11/03, p.3)

1868        Oct 10, Cuba revolted for independence against Spain. This was the first day of open rebellion for liberty, which was led by the man who is now known as the "Father of Cuba," Carlos Manuel de Cespedes.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycthzj)

1870        Oct 10, In South Carolina Republican Gov. Robert Scott (1826-1900) was re-elected, on the strength of the black vote, enraging members of the Ku Klux Klan. A wave of terror began the following day.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Carolina_gubernatorial_election,_1870)(AH, 6/03, p.27)

1872        Oct 10, William Henry Seward (b.1801), former Gov. of New York (1839-1842) and American Sec. of State from 1861-1869, died in Auburn, NY. He had arranged the purchase of Alaska for the United States. In 2012 Walter Stahr authored “Seward: Lincoln’s Indispensable Man."
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.90)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_H._Seward)

1876        Oct 10, Walter Niemann, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1877        Oct 10, Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer was buried at West Point in New York.
    (HN, 10/10/98)

1885        Oct 10, Mary Newton (12), the daughter of US Army Engineer under Lt. Col. John Newton (1823-1895) triggered a 2nd huge blast to clear Flood Rock in the Hell Gate channel of the East River. Mill Rock Island was formed by joining two rocks with debris from the demolition. The Flood Rock detonation held the record as the largest deliberately planned explosion until the Trinity atomic blast in 1945.
    (ON, 2/08, p.10)

1886        Oct 10, The tuxedo dinner jacket made its American debut at the autumn ball in Tuxedo Park, N.Y.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1899        Oct 10, I.R. Johnson patented the bicycle frame.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1900        Oct 10, Helen Brown (later Helen Hayes, d.1993), American actress, was born in Washington, D.C. Her Tony Awards include: Best Dramatic Actress in 1947 for "Happy Birthday", and again in 1958 for "Time Remembered". Her talents were recognized on movie screens (Hayes appeared in films as early as 1927) as she received an Academy Award for Best Actress for her first major role: "The Sin of Madelon Claudet" in 1931, and forty years later for Best Supporting Actress in "Airport." "The truth (is) that there is only one terminal dignity— love. And the story of a love is not important—what is important is that one is capable of love. It is perhaps the only glimpse we are permitted of eternity."
    (HN, 10/10/98)(AP, 10/10/00)(MC, 10/10/01)

1901        Oct 10, Alberto Giacometti (d.1966), sculptor and painter, was born in Borgonovo, Switzerland. He was later quoted saying "there is less reality in the work of contemporary sculptors than in tin soldiers in toy shop windows." His biography was written by David Sylvester and titled: "Looking At Giacometti." Another biography by James Lord was titled: "Giacometti: A Biography."
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.BR-4)(WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A14)(HN, 10/10/01)(WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A16)

1903        Oct 10, Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928), British suffragist, and her daughter Christabel (23) founder the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU).
    (ON, 10/2010, p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmeline_Pankhurst)

1908        Oct 10, The Chicago Cubs won Game 1 of the World Series with a 10-6 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Bennett Park.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

1911        Oct 10, California voters approved amendments by Republican Gov. Hiram Johnson that included the recall, initiative and referendum process as part of his progressive reform package. Almost 2/3 of 178,115 voters affirmed the amendments. Voters granted women the right to vote in state and local elections. It was the 6th state of the union to pass suffrage. The initiative process was set up so that once passed, initiatives could not be undone except by another vote of the people.
    (SFC, 5/18/98, p.A7)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(SSFC, 8/3/03, p.D1)(SSFC, 10/5/03, p.E3)(SSFC, 10/10/04, p.E1)(SSFC, 6/16/13, p.E5)
1911        Oct 10, San Francisco voters defeated an amendment on “Votes for Women" by some 12,000 votes. Charges of corruption and ballot abuse were cited. The amendment passed state-wide.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.E1)(SSFC, 10/9/11, DB p.42)
1911        Oct 10, Sir Robert Borden (1854-1937) began serving as Canada's prime minister and continued to 1920. In 2011 his image was placed on the front of a Canadian $100 bill.
    (Reuters, 11/14/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Borden)

1911        Oct 10-1911 Oct 14, Revolution in China began with a bomb explosion in Wuchang, Hubei province, and the discovery of revolutionary headquarters in Hankow. Revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen overthrew China's Manchu dynasty. The revolutionary movement spread rapidly through west and southern China, forcing the abdication of the last Ch'ing emperor, six-year-old Henry Pu-Yi. He was interned in Russia and China for 14 years after WW II and later worked as a gardener. By October 26, the Chinese Republic would be proclaimed, and on December 4, Premier Yuan Shih-K'ai would sign a truce with rebel general Li Yuan-hung. The Revolution declared that the art housed in the Forbidden City was to be for the public. The day became a holiday known as Double 10 or national Day.
    (WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(AP, 10/10/97)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A21)(HN, 10/10/98)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.68)

1913        Oct 10, Panama Canal was completed when President Woodrow Wilson triggered a blast which exploded the Gamboa Dike by pressing an electric button at the White House in Washington, D.C.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1916        Oct 10, Antonio Sant’Elia (b.1888), Italian architect, was killed during the Eighth Battle of the Isonzo. He was a key member of the Futurist movement in architecture.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.71)

1917        Oct 10, Thelonious Monk (d.1982), jazz pianist and composer, was born. He eventually moved to New York City where he played at various nightclubs throughout the 40s. He began recording more in the 1950s, usually with small groups, gaining more notoriety, but his musical influence on his fellow musicians was already considerable, including such jazz artists as George Russell and Randy Weston. Jazz pianist and prolific composer Thelonious Monk, one of the early bebop musicians of the 1940s, stopped touring and recording in the early 70s, leaving such jazz standards as "Straight, No Chaser" and " ‘Round Midnight."
    (HNQ, 2/28/01)

1918        Oct 10, While President Woodrow Wilson was attempting to establish "peace without victory" with Germany, the German UB-123 torpedoed RMS Leinster, a civilian mail and passenger ferry, off the coast of Ireland. Leinster was usually escorted by a Royal Air Force airship as a precaution, but on October 10, 1918, the ferry set out alone. Leinster was sunk; 564 passengers and crewmen perished, many of them American and Allied troops. After Leinster, the Germans lost their chance for an easy peace.
    (HNPD, 10/10/99)

1920        Oct 10, The Carinthian Plebiscite determined the border between Austria and the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carinthian_Plebiscite)

1924        Oct 10, James Clavell, novelist, was born. His books included "Shogun" and "Noble House."
    (HN, 10/10/00)
1924        Oct 10, Edward D. Wood Jr, director (Plan 9 from Outer Space), was born in Poughkeepsie, NY.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1925        Oct 10, James Buchanon Duke, the founder of the American Tobacco Company (Lucky Strikes), died leaving Doris Duke (1924-1993), his only daughter, to inherit his $125 million tobacco estate.
    (SSFC, 2/25/07, p.G5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Buchanan_Duke)

1930        Oct 10, Harold Pinter, British playwright (Homecoming, Servant), was born.
    (HN, 10/10/98)(MC, 10/10/01)

1931        Oct 10, William Walton's "Belshazzar's Feast," premiered in Leeds.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1932        Oct 10, Dnjepr Dam in USSR, the world's biggest, was put into operation.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1933        Oct 10, At Rio de Janeiro, nations of the Western Hemisphere signed a non-aggression and conciliation treaty.
    (HN, 10/10/98)
1933        Oct 10, The 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, went on sale.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1935        Oct 10, "Porgy and Bess" debuted at the Alvin Theater on Broadway in New York City. George Gershwin composed the music based on a 1925 novel by Dubose Heyward.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.4)(AP, 10/10/97)

1938        Oct 10, Germany completed its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1939        Oct 10, Lithuania signed a treaty that allowed a soviet garrison of 20,000 troops to be stationed in the country in return for Vilnius and other regions with a population of 600,000.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.3)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1940        Oct 10, General Fulgencio Batista (1901-1973) began serving a 4-year term as Cuba's 14th president.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fulgencio_Batista)

1941        Oct 10, German U-boat torpedoes hit the US destroyer Kearney.
    (MC, 10/10/01)
1941        Oct 10, Soviet troops halted the German advance on Moscow.
    (HN, 10/10/98)

1942        Oct 10, 1,300 Austrian Jews were transported to Theresienstadt.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1943        Oct 10, Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1944        Oct 10, The US took Okinawa. [see Jun 21, 1945]
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1945        Oct 10, The Workers' Party of Korea (North Korea) was officially founded.
    (AP, 9/28/10)

1946        Oct 10, Ben Vereen, actor and dancer (Pippin, Roots, Webster), was born in Miami, Fla.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1947        Oct 10, The Rodgers' and Hammerstein's musical "Allegro," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1948        Oct 10, Carlos Prio became Cuba’s last democratically elected president. He was ousted by Batista in 1952.
    (WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-10)(http://library.thinkquest.org/18355/carlos_prio.html)

1951        Oct 10, The New York Yankees won the World Series at home, defeating the New York Giants in game six by a score of 4-3.
    (AP, 10/10/01)

1954        Oct 10, Ho Chi Minh entered Hanoi in Vietnam after French troops withdraw.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1956        Oct 10, The New York Yankees won the World Series, defeating the Brooklyn Dodgers, 9-0, in Game 7 at Ebbets Field.
    (AP, 10/10/06)

1957        Oct 10, President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, the finance minister of Ghana, after the official had been refused service in a Dover, Del., restaurant.
    (AP, 10/10/97)
1957        Oct 10, The Milwaukee Braves won the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees in Game 7, 5-0.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
1957        Oct 10, The TV series "Zorro," starring Guy Williams as the masked hero, debuted on ABC.
    (AP, 10/10/07)

1958        Oct 10, The private-eye series "77 Sunset Strip" premiered on ABC-TV. The hour-length American television private detective series, created by Roy Huggins, starred Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., Roger Smith, and Edd Byrnes.
    (AP, 10/10/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/77_Sunset_Strip)

1959        Oct 10, Pan American became the first to offer regular flights around world.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1960        Oct 10, A cyclone hit and tidal wave the Gulf of Bengal and killed about 6,000 in East Pakistan.
    (www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)
1960         Oct 10, The Russian Mars 1960A Probe failed to reach Earth orbit.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)

1963        Oct 10, A dam burst in Italy, and over 3,000 died. [see Sep 9, Oct 9]
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1964        Oct 10, The XVIII Olympiad opened in Tokyo, Japan. The summer Olympics closing ceremonies were held on Oct 24.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1964_Summer_Olympics)

1965        Oct 10, Ronald Reagan spoke at Coalinga Junior College and called for an official declaration of war in Vietnam.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1965        Oct 10, The "Vinland Map" was introduced by Yale University as being the 1st known map of America, drawn about 1440 by Norse explorer Lief Eriksson.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1966        Oct 10, U.S. Forces launched Operation Robin, in Hoa Province south of Saigon in South Vietnam, to provide road security between villages.
    (HN, 10/10/98)

1967        Oct 10, The Outer Space Treaty, which prohibits the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, entered into force.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
1967        Oct 10, Sargent Johnson (b.1888), Boston-born and SF-based African-American painter and sculptor, died.
    (SFC, 5/4/09, p.E3)(http://www.aaregistry.com/detail.php?id=1195)
1967        Oct 10, The body of Che Guevara was laid out at the Lord of Malta Hospital in Villegrande, Bolivia, 300 miles from the site of capture. The next day his body vanished. His body was found in a common grave on Jun 28, 1997. Two biographies were later written: "Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life," by Jon Lee Anderson, and "Companero: The Life and Times of Che Guevara by Jorge G. Castaneda.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, Z1p.1)(SFEC, 7/13/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A20)
1967        Oct 10, Brendan Behan's "Borstal Boy," premiered in Dublin.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1970        Oct 10, Former Illinois Secretary of State Paul Powell (b.1902) died. Investigators soon found nearly half a million dollars in cash and checks, from unsuspecting drivers paying for their license plates, crammed into shoe boxes inside his hotel room.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Powell_(politician))
1970        Oct 10, In the October Crisis Quebec Provincial Labor Minister Pierre Laporte and the British trade commissioner James Cross were kidnapped by the left-wing, nationalist Front de Liberation du Quebec, Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ), a militant separatist group. Laporte's body was found about a week later. Mr. Cross was released but Mr. LaPorte was found dead strangled in the trunk of a car. The Canadian government refused to pay a ransom. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau responded by suspending civil liberties in Quebec and invoking the War Measures Act, and sending over 1,000 troops to the French-Canadian province.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(AP, 10/10/97)
1970        Oct 10, The South Pacific island of Fiji became independent after nearly a century of British rule. Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (d.2004) became Fiji's first prime minister. Fiji’s military at this time numbered about 200.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 10/10/97)(AP, 4/19/04)(WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A6)
1970        Oct 10, Edouard Daladier (b.1884), 3 time premier of France (1933, 1934, 1938-40), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89douard_Daladier)

1973        Oct 10, US Vice President Spiro T. Agnew (1918-1996), accused of accepting bribes, pleaded no contest (nolo contendere) to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigned his office. Agnew was the first US Vice President to resign in disgrace and was later convicted and sentenced to three years probation and fined $10,000. President Richard Nixon named Gerald Ford as the new VP.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1973)(SFC, 9/18/96, p.A7)(AP, 10/10/97)(HN, 10/10/98)

1975        Oct 10, August Dvorak (b.1894), educational psychologist, died. In the 1930s he and his brother-in-law, Dr. William Dealey, designed a keyboard layout that was much superior to the QWERTY keyboard.
    (SFC, 4/19/97, p.E4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Dvorak)

1976        Oct 10, In New Jersey the Meadowlands' Giant's Stadium opened with an NFL game between the Giants and Dallas Cowboys.
    (www.meadowlands.com/giantsStadiumFAQ.asp)

1978        Oct 10, President Carter signed a bill authorizing the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin.
    (www.usmint.gov/historianscorner/?action=coinDetail&id=347)(AP, 10/10/98)

1979        Oct 10, Paul Paray (b.1886), French composer, died at age 93. He was the resident conductor of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (1951-1962) for more than a decade.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Paray)
1979        Oct 10, In Poland an explosion killed 34 miners at the Dymitrow mine in Bytom. This matched Poland’s worst mining accident in 1974.
    (AP, 11/22/06)(http://tinyurl.com/2qgsmf)

1980        Oct 10, The Martin Luther King, Jr. Historic Site, a 23 acre area in Atlanta, Ga., listed as a National Historic Landmark on May 5, 1977, was made a National Historic Site by the US Department of the Interior. The area where Dr. King was entombed is located on Freedom Plaza and surrounded by the Freedom Hall Complex of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc.
    (www.lib.lsu.edu/hum/mlk/srs218.html)
1980        Oct 10, Some 4,500 died when a pair of earthquakes struck NW Algeria. In 1983 the “El-Asnam Algeria Earthquake of October 10, 1980 a Reconnaissance and Engineering Report" was published.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2ud4vh)
1980        Oct 10, In North Korea Kim Jong Il's status as the country's future leader was made public at the Workers' Party congress, where he takes up other top positions.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
1980        Oct 10, The UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) was concluded in Geneva and entered into force in December 1983. It seeks to prohibit or restrict the use of certain conventional weapons which are considered excessively injurious or that have indiscriminate effects. It was updated to cover land mines in May, 1996. The process continued into 2007 to include cluster bombs.
    (www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/500?OpenDocument)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.67)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.A13)

1981        Oct 10, Funeral services were held in Cairo for Egyptian leader Anwar Sadat, who had been assassinated by Muslim extremists.
    (AP, 10/10/02)

1982        Oct 10, In Bolivia Hernan Siles Zuazo (1914-1996) became president again and served to 1985. His presidency restored democracy after 18 years of harsh military rule.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A22)(AP, 12/17/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hern%C3%A1n_Siles_Zuazo)
1982        Oct 10, Pope John Paul II canonized Rev. M. Kolbe (1894-1941), a Polish Franciscan friar. The controversial racist priest had volunteered to die in place of another inmate at Auschwitz concentration camp.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximilian_Kolbe)
1982        Oct 10, US imposed sanctions against Poland for banning Solidarity trade union.
    (www.cnn.com/almanac/9810/10/)

1983        Oct 10, Israel's 20th government was formed by Yitzhak Shamir.
    (www.knesset.gov.il/govt/eng/GovtByNumber_eng.asp?govt=20)

1985        Oct 10, U.S. fighter jets forced an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, where the gunmen were taken into custody.
    (AP, 10/10/98)
1985        Oct 10, Actor Yul Brynner died of lung cancer in NYC at age 65.
    (AP, 10/10/97)
1985        Oct 10, Orson Welles (70), actor-director, died of a heart attack in Los Angeles. In 1972 Joseph McBride authored “Orson Welles," in 1989 Frank Brady authored “Citizen Welles: A Biography of Orson Welles." In 2006 Simon Callow authored “Orson Welles: Hello American," the 2nd volume of a 3-part biography.
    (AP, 10/10/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orson_Welles)(WSJ, 8/19/06, p.P8)

1987        Oct 10, The Rev. Jesse Jackson formally launched his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination in Raleigh, N.C.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1989        Oct 10, South African President F.W. de Klerk announced that eight prominent political prisoners, including African National Congress official Walter Sisulu, would be unconditionally freed, but that Nelson Mandela would remain imprisoned.
    (AP, 10/10/99)

1990        Oct 10, The Oakland A’s swept to the American League pennant and their third straight World Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-to-1.
    (AP, 10/10/00)
1990        Oct 10, The space shuttle "Discovery" landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California, ending a virtually flawless four-day mission.
    (AP, 10/10/00)

1991        Oct 10, The US Senate Judiciary Committee prepared to re-open the confirmation hearing of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, accused of sexual harassment by former aide Anita Hill.
    (AP, 10/10/01)

1992        Oct 10, Iraq released U.S. munitions expert Clinton Hall, two days after he'd been taken prisoner in the demilitarized zone separating Iraq and Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1993        Oct 10, In Greece, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement, led by Andreas Papandreou, won a solid majority of seats in parliamentary elections. A handful of dissidents brought down a modernizing ND government in a row over privatization.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)(AP, 10/10/98)(Econ, 9/22/07, p.64)       
1993        Oct 10, Thousands of Somalis demonstrated in the capital of Mogadishu to support warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid, an event that coincided with the arrival of special U.S. envoy Robert Oakley.
    (AP, 10/10/98)
1993        Oct 10, In South Korea the Seohae ferry sank killing 292 people.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinking_of_the_MV_Seohae)

1994        Oct 10, Americans Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell won the Nobel Prize in medicine.
    (AP, 10/10/99)
1994        Oct 10, Anna Hauptmann (95), wife of Lindbergh baby kidnapper Bruno, died in New Holland, Pennsylvania.
    (www.lindberghkidnappinghoax.com/anna.html)
1994        Oct 10, Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras resigned as commander-in-chief of Haiti's armed forces and pledged to leave the country.
    (AP, 10/10/99)
1994        Oct 10, Iraq announced it was withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border; seeing no signs of a pullback, President Clinton dispatched 350 additional aircraft to the region.
    (AP, 10/10/99)

1995        Oct 10, World chess champion Garry Kasparov won a month-long championship match against Viswanathan Anand.
    (AP, 10/10/00)
1995        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in Economic Science was awarded to Robert E. Lucas of the Univ. of Chicago for his theory of "rational expectations." He demonstrated how people’s fears and expectations can frustrate policymakers’ efforts to shape the economy.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(AP, 10/10/00)
1995        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in chemistry was won by Mario Molina of MIT, Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012) of UC Irvine, & Dutch scientist Paul Crutzen for the study of Earth's ozone layer and their controversial work warning that gases once used in spray cans and other items were eating away Earth’s ozone layer.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(AP, 10/11/00)(SFC, 3/13/12, p.A6)
1995        Oct 10, The Nobel physics prize went to Martin Perl of Stanford and Frederick Reines (d.1998 at 80) of UC Irvine for discovering the subatomic neutrino particle. Perl helped discover the tau lepton in 1975, a particle that resembles an electron but is 30,000 times heavier.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A7)(SFC, 8/28/98, p.D7)
1995        Oct 10, Israel began a West Bank pullback and freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners.
    (www.cnn.com/almanac/9710/10/)
1995        Oct 10, Paolo Gucci (64), Italian entrepreneur and accessories designer, died.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9112125?tocId=9112125)

1996        Oct 10, President Clinton joined Vice President Gore in Knoxville, Tenn., where the president moved to broaden the sweep of the Internet at 100 universities, national labs and other federal institutions. Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole hosted a rally in Cincinnati that featured his running mate, Jack Kemp, and retired General Colin Powell.
    (AP, 10/10/97)
1996        Oct 10, In Afghanistan three military commanders formed a pact against the Taliban. Gen’l. Rashid Dostum, Ahmad Shah Massoud and Abdul Karim Khalily held 10 northern provinces against 19 held by the Taliban.
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Oct 10, In Bolivia the government reached an agreement with landowners and Indian leaders on a land reform bill. Large landowners received a 50% tax reduction in return for their support. More than 20,000 Indians had staged daily protests over the last 2 weeks. Under the law land could only revert to the state if its owners failed to pay the land tax.
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.A17)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.41)
1996        Oct 10, In India today the reborn [from Tibet] Drepung Loseling Monastery in Karnataka state houses about 2,500 Buddhist monks.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.E1)
1996        Oct 10, It was reported that Mexico has the highest rate of deforestation in the world with 2.5 million acres of forest and jungle felled each year.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 10, The LRA abducted 139 girls from a Catholic school run by Italian nuns. One nun managed to plead for the release of 109 girls but the rebels kept 30, ignoring pleas from Pope John Paul II and other world leaders. In 2014 Susan Minot authored “Thirty Girls," a fictional account based on the girls kept as captives for as long as 13 years.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A10)(SSFC, 3/16/14, p.F5)
1996        Oct 10, Armed men killed 50-60 civilians in eastern Zaire in the village of Bambu in the Masisi region. The Banyamulenge immigrated to eastern Zaire from Rwanda decades ago.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)

1997        Oct 10, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Jody Williams and the Int’l. Campaign to Ban Land Mines (ICBL). There were an estimated 100 million anti-personnel mines buried around the world that killed or wounded some 26,000 people each year.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)(AP, 10/10/98)
1997        Oct 10, Bob Dylan was awarded the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize. It consisted of a silver medallion and a cash stipend.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.E3)
1997        Oct 10, Defying the Republican Congress a second time, President Clinton vetoed a ban on certain late-term abortion procedures.
    (AP, 10/10/98)
1997        Oct 10, An Argentine DC-9 with 75 people crashed in Uruguay. All 74 were killed when the plane crashed during a torrential rainstorm.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/12/97, p.A16)
1997        Oct 10, Bosnian Serb nationalists won a narrow victory in the Sept. Brcko municipal elections. A Muslim party coalition won 14 of 24 seats in Mostar. An int’l. supervisor, US diplomat Robert Farrand, issued an order that the municipal administration in Brcko must reflect the prewar multiethnic composition, and that this would extend to the police and the judiciary.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 10, In Cuba Fidel Castro was re-elected president at the close of the 5th national congress. His brother Raul was re-elected as 2nd in command.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A19)
1997        Oct 10, In France Prime Minister Lionel Jospin proposed a law to cut the workweek to 35 hours from 39 as a means to create jobs by Jan 1, 2000.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 10, In North Korea Kim Jong Il was scheduled to be formally named as the general secretary of the Workers Party.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 10, In Kenya riot police beat up opposition members of parliament while Pres. Moi gave a speech on "Moi Day," marking 19 years in power.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 10, In South Koreas the ruling party accused Kim Dae Jung, the leading opposition contender, of taking $15 million in bribes from some top businesses. The ruling party was trailing badly in the polls.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 10, In Spain Adolfo Scilingo of Argentina was jailed after appearing to voluntarily testify on his crimes. He admitted to hurling 30 prisoners from airplanes during the "dirty war."
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)

1998        Oct 10, David Sheldon Boone (46), a former Pentagon analyst, was arrested for selling top defense secrets to the former Soviet Union. He was lured back to the US from Germany.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 10, Clark Clifford (91), former Defense Secretary and presidential counselor, died.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.A2)(AP, 10/10/99)
1998        Oct 10, In Congo Tutsi rebels shot down a Boeing 727 Lignes Aeriennes Congolaises airliner following takeoff from Kindu. Airline officials said there were 38 passengers, mostly women and children. Rebels claimed the passengers were soldiers. 41 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.A15)(AP, 6/11/13)
1998        Oct 10, In Mexico Gustavo Petricioli Iturbe, a former treasury secretary and ambassador to the US, died at age 70.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.D10)

1999        Oct 10, In Texas 6 college students of Texas A-and-M University were killed just after midnight as they got out of their cars for a party at Tau Kappa Epsilon in College Station. The driver of a pickup had fallen asleep.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A3)(AP, 10/10/00)
1999        Oct 10, Windsor, Nova Scotia, Canada, held its first pumpkin regatta on Lake Pesaquid. Danny Dill, son of Howard Dill, had proposed the pumpkin boating event to help the town capitalize on its history as the birthplace of giant pumpkin growing. In the 1970s Howard Dill had engineered mammoth pumpkins and patented the seed as Dill’s Atlantic Giant.
    (WSJ, 10/20/07, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/3y5me4)
1999        Sep 10, It was reported that Canada has 339 species in serious danger of disappearing and no federal legislation for protection of endangered animals.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)
1999        Oct 10, Portugal’s governing Socialist Party was returned to power by a comfortable margin in a general election.
    (AP, 10/10/00)

2000        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, co-inventor of the computer chip, Herbert Kroemer (72) of UC Santa Barbara and Zhores Alferov (70) of Russia for work in high-speed transistors and tiny lasers.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A1,6)
2000        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to Alan Heeger (64) of UC Santa Barbara, Alan MacDiarmed (73) of Univ. of Pennsylvania, and Hideki Shirakawa (64) of the Univ. of Tsukuba for their work in modifying plastics to conduct electricity.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A6)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.89)
2000        Oct 10, Pres. Clinton met with Vice Marshal Jo Myong Rok, the most senior North Korean official to ever visit the US.
    (WSJ, 10/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 10, Minnesota’s Rep. Bruce Vento, a 12-term liberal Democrat, died at age 60. He championed environmental and homeless causes. The Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary in St. Paul was named in his honor.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.C2)(LP, Spring 2006, p.25)
2000        Oct 10, In Ethiopia Prime Minister Meles Zenawi was re-elected by acclamation in parliament to another 5-year term.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 10, In the Philippines 15 Abu Sayyaf rebels surrendered in Talipao town on Jolo Island. 129 guerrillas were reported killed and 53 captured during the recent assault on Jolo.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A4)
2000        Oct 10, In Sri Lanka at least 5 people were killed in violence during parliamentary elections. Kumaratunga’s People’s Alliance led the voting over the United National Party with 107 seats to 89 in the 225-seat legislature.
    (WSJ, 10/11/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/12/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)
2000        Oct 10, In Sri Lanka Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the 1st woman in the world to serve as a prime minister, died at age 84 just after voting in elections.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A24)
2000        Oct 10, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe pardoned offenders for thousands of politically motivated crimes committed between Jan 1 and July 31.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A14)

2001        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to K. Barry Sharpless of Scripps Research, William S. Knowles of St. Louis and Ryoji Noyori of Nagoya Univ. for their work in developing catalysts to produce compounds of specific handedness.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A21)(WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to George Akerlof of UC Berkeley, Michael Spence of Stanford, and Joseph Stiglitz of Columbia Univ. Akerlof won in part for his classic paper explaining how, if sellers know more than buyers, markets may fail.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.D1)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.88)
2001        Oct 10, U.S. jets pounded the Afghan capital of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2001        Oct 10, An unmanned US spy plane was lost over southern Iraq, the 3rd since Aug 27.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, President Bush unveiled a list of 22 most-wanted terrorists, including Osama bin Laden and associates. The FBI issued a list of 22 most wanted terrorists dating back to 1985 with rewards up to $5 million for tips that prevent attacks or lead to arrests.
    (AP, 10/10/02)(SFC, 10/11/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 10. Rep. Nancy Pelosi of California was elected House Democratic Whip, the No. 2 House Democratic leader and the highest post ever held by a woman in Congress.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/10/02)
2001        Oct 10, In Florida a 3rd case of anthrax was identified in a 35-year-old woman who worked in the same office as Robert Stevens. The strain was reported to match one from Iowa in the 1950s commonly used by lab researchers.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A4,5)
2001        Oct 10, Tornadoes hit the US plains and caused heavy damage in Oklahoma and Nebraska.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C16)
2001        Oct 10, In Alaska a small plane crashed following takeoff from Dillingham. 10 people were killed in the Cessna 208 Caravan.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A21)
2001        Oct 10, US warplanes struck an ammunition dump at the edge of Kandahar and secondary explosions left some civilian casualties.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 10, In China a state court sentenced over a dozen key officials in Shenyang for corruption.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 10, In Colombia AUC paramilitary massacred 24 men in the village of Buga. The bodies of 6 fishermen were recovered near Cartagena, where they had been kidnapped earlier in the week. A cab driver, who drove outside news correspondents, was also slain.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.D2)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, The EU and leaders of several African nations agreed on a "Marshall Plan for Africa" to combat poverty and disease and allow access to markets in the industrialized world.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 10, The 56-member Organization of Islamic Conference, called by Iran, issued a communique that sidestepped US action in Afghanistan: "The conference rejected the targeting of any Islamic or Arab state under the pretext of fighting terrorism."
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A7)
2001        Oct 10, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga dissolved parliament and set elections for Dec 5 after defections left her coalition in the minority.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 10, Turkey granted the government the authority to send troops overseas and to allow foreign troops to be stationed on its soil.
    (SFC, 10/11/01, p.A7)

2002        Oct 10, Imre Kertesz (72), a Hungarian novelist and secular Jew, won the Nobel Prize for literature. His books included "Fiasco" (1988) and "Kaddish for a Child Not Born" (1990).
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A2)(SFC, 12/5/02, p.E5)
2002        Oct 10, The US Congress gave Pres. Bush authorization to use armed forces against Iraq. The House voted 296-133 in favor.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 10, Two executives who'd overseen WorldCom's financial record-keeping pleaded guilty to charges stemming from a federal probe of the company's accounting scandal.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2002        Oct 10, Allied planes bombed radar and missile sites in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq, targeting President Saddam Hussein's air defenses for the third time this week.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
 2002        Oct 10, The DJIA rose 247 to 7,533.95. Nasdaq rose 49 to 1,163.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.B1)
2002        Oct 10, Bernard Ridder Jr. (85), former St. Paul, Minn., newspaper executive, died in California. He was the head or Ridder Publications when it merged with the Knight group in 1974.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)
2002        Oct 10, In Algeria Prime Minister Ali Benflis' party swept local elections, with voting in the restive Berber region marred by a boycott, riots and attacks on police officers. The National Liberation Front gained control of 668 out of 1,541 town councils and took 43 of 48 district councils.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 10, The United Nations' highest judicial body ruled in favor of Cameroon in a border dispute with Nigeria, giving it possession of an oil-rich peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 10, China sent Zhu Xiaohua (53), its most senior financial official nabbed for corruption, to jail for 15 years, but spared him the executioner's bullet after he confessed to taking bribes prosecutors knew nothing about.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2002        Oct 10, Pakistan held elections under emergency laws imposed by General Musharraf in 1999. 4 people were killed and at least 42 wounded in clashes at several polling stations during an election meant to return the country to civilian rule. A party loyal to President Pervez Musharraf emerged on top in elections which were dismissed as flawed by EU observers. The United Action Forum, a coalition of 6 Islamist parties, won 51 of 272 seats and secured control of 2 of 4 provincial assemblies. The PPP won at least 70 of the seats. All the Islamist parties combined won 11% of the popular vote.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A10)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.50)
2002        Oct 10, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed a woman and wounded 12 other people by blowing himself up near a bus in Israel, but the driver and passengers prevented a higher death toll by stopping him boarding.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2002        Oct 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb ripped through a bus terminal in Kidapawan City in North Cotobato province, killed 6 people and wounding 2 dozen in the latest of a series of bomb attacks in the violence-hit region.
    (Reuters, 10/10/02)(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A11)
2002        Oct 10, In Venezuela hundreds of thousands marched through Caracas calling for the ouster of Pres. Chavez.
    (WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A10)

2003        Oct 10, Human rights activist Shirin Ebadi (56) won the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize. It was the first peace prize for an Iranian, and first for a Muslim woman.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh announced during his syndicated radio show that he was addicted to painkillers and was checking into a rehab center.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2003        Oct 10, In southern Afghanistan 41 Taliban militants escaped from prison by digging a 30-foot-long tunnel with apparent help from officials.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, A Central African Republic national forum recommended posthumous forgiveness for despot Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996), whose 13-year rule (1966-1979) ruined the country. The vote followed an apology by Bokassa's son Jean-Serge (31). About 60 legitimate children of Bokassa had mandated one of their number, Jean-Serge Bokassa, to sit as a delegate in a reconciliation forum called the "National Dialogue." There, he asked "forgiveness for the wrong" done by his father and called for his rehabilitation because he had helped to build the country.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(AFP, 12/3/10)
2003        Oct 10, Near Genova, Colombia, suspected leftist guerrillas gunned down two candidates for upcoming state and mayoral elections. Police found the bodies of Jairo Gomez, a mayoral contender in the city of Genova, and Julio Cesar Castennanos, the next day.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, Former Guyana vice president and first lady Viola Burnham (72) died after a prolonged battle with cancer. She served as vice president and deputy PM from 1985-1991.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, In Sadr City, Iraq, 2 Americans and 2 Iraqis were killed in a gunfight.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A12)
2003        Oct 10, Israel sent dozens of tanks into a Gaza refugee camp to destroy tunnels allegedly used by Palestinians to smuggle weapons. Israeli forces killed seven Palestinians, including an eight-year-old boy, in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 10/10/03)(Reuters, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, It was reported that members of an elite Mexican army unit have deserted and formed a drug gang, using their military training to launch a violent battle for control of Nuevo Laredo. An estimated 31 of 350 members of the Special Air Mobile Force Group, posted to the border state of Tamaulipas in the 1990s, had deserted and joined the drug turf war.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, Morocco's king announced plans to grant new rights to women regarding marriage and divorce, reforms aimed at modernizing Moroccan society.
    (AP, 10/10/03)
2003        Oct 10, In Peru a passenger bus plunged off a 1,000-foot cliff in the Andes mountains, killing at least 30 people and wounding 17.
    (AP, 10/11/03)
2003        Oct 10, Spain's new Madrid-Leida bullet train made its maiden journey. The train had an average speed of 108 mph, with a peak of 124 mph. This was slower than the intended average speed of 186 mph with peaks of 217 mph.
    (AP, 10/11/03)

2004        Oct 10, Christopher Reeve (52), "Superman" actor who turned personal tragedy into a public crusade, died in Mount Kisco, NY, of complications from an infection. Reeve became a quadriplegic after a May 1995 horse riding accident.
    (Econ, 10/16/04, p.83)(AP, 10/10/05)
2004        Oct 10, Ken Caminiti (41), the National League's 1996 most valuable player who later admitted using steroids during his major league baseball career, died in New York.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2004        Oct 10, PM Paul Martin of Canada arrived in Russia for two days of talks with Russian leaders.
    (AP, 10/11/04)
2004        Oct 10, In eastern Congo 2 boat accidents on Lake Kivu killed 68 people.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2004        Oct 10, Gerard Pierre-Charles (b.1935), a prominent Haitian intellectual and politician, died of heart failure in Cuba, where he was receiving emergency treatment for a lung infection. Pierre-Charles was an economist, who wrote at least 16 books, and a longtime communist whose ideology shifted toward the center after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2004        Oct 10, In India at least 62 bodies were recovered after flash floods in Assam state, taking the death toll from fresh flooding in the past three days to 88.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2004        Oct 10, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld visited Iraq. In Baghdad 2 car bombs shook the capital in quick succession, killing at least 11 people, including an American soldier, and wounding 16.
    (AP, 10/10/04)(WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 10, Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology told the UN nuclear agency that 377 tons of explosives had disappeared from the Al-Qaqaa facility. The Iraqis say the materials were stolen after the April 9, 2003, fall of Baghdad because of a lack of security.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2004        Oct 10, An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a home near a Hamas stronghold in the Jebaliya refugee camp, killing one civilian and wounding 8 other Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2004        Oct 10, Libyan officials said police have arrested 17 non-Libyans suspected of being al-Qaida members who entered this North African country illegally.
    (AP, 10/11/04)
2004        Oct 10, In Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a bomb at a Shiite mosque in the eastern city of Lahore, leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 10/10/04)
2004        Oct 10, In Karachayevo-Cherkessia, a Russian republic north of Abkhazia, 7 businessmen were killed and their bodies thrown down a mine. The men disappeared after being summoned to a meeting at a cottage belonging to Ali Kaitov, son-in-law of regional Pres. Mustafa Batdyev. On Nov 9 a crowd stormed the local government building in Cherkessk.
    (AP, 11/9/04)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.21)
2004        Oct 10, Members of Somalia’s transitional parliament elected Col. Abdullahi Yusuf (70) as interim president.
    (SFC, 10/11/04, p.A3)

2005        Oct 10, President Bush dined in the French Quarter of New Orleans and stayed in a luxury hotel to showcase progress in hurricane-battered city, which was reported to be turning its attention to removing and scrapping some 200,000 cars, abandoned and waterlogged from Hurricane Katrina.
    (SFC, 10/10/05, p.A5)(AP, 10/10/06)
2005        Oct 10, Eight American helicopters that will carry supplies and rescue teams to remote areas hit by a weekend earthquake landed in Pakistan as the US pledged $50 million for relief in a gesture that officials hope will show sometimes skeptical Pakistanis that Washington is a true ally. Pakistan said up to 40,000 people were feared dead in the weekend earthquake, as frustration over the slow rescue effort turned to anger and scattered looting.
    (AP, 10/10/05)(AFP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Half Moon Bay, Ca., Joel Holland, a retired Washington state firefighter, won the annual Safeway World Championship Pumpkin Weigh-Off, presenting a gigantic pumpkin that weighed 1,229 pounds. This matched his winner in 2004. The contest here began in 1974.
    (AP, 10/10/05)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.B3)
2005        Oct 10, Robert J. Aumann of Israel and Thomas C. Schelling of the Univ. of Maryland won the 2005 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for their work in game theory that explains political and economic conflicts, arms races and even preventing warfare.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Intel introduced its Xeon, a dual-core processor. AMD unveiled its dual-core Opteron in April.
    (SFC, 10/11/05, p.E1)
2005        Oct 10, Refco Inc., a futures trading company that went public August 11, ousted CEO Phillip Bennett after discovering that a firm he controlled owed Refco $430 million. Bennett repaid the cash the same day. Bennett was arrested the next day and charged with securities fraud on Oct 12. Refco field for bankruptcy on Oct 17.
    (SFC, 10/11/05, p.E12)(SFC, 10/13/05, p.C1)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.79)(WSJ, 7/3/06, p.A1)
2005        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed a former militia commander and two others in Kandahar. Police later thwarted a second such attack in the same city when a man blew himself up as he fled the officers.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels ambushed a police convoy traveling on a mountain road in Helmand province, killing 19 officers in the deadliest attack ever on the fledgling police force. 2 suicide bombers, one of whom was identified as an Arab, killed three people and wounded eight in Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/11/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Afghanistan US warplanes killed 10 suspected rebels in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 10, Election officials said Armen Keshishian, the mayor of Nor-Achin a small Armenian town jailed on murder charges, was re-elected to his post. Keshishian has been charged in the Sept. 24 shooting death of Ashot Mkhitarian, the head of a local electric utility. The pistol that allegedly killed the utility chief had been presented to Keshishian by PM Andranik Markarian. Keshishian will govern his town from behind bars pending trial.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Shinka Manova, a high-ranking Bulgarian customs official, was slain in Sofia. He was allegedly protecting the smuggling business of the mafia.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 10, Clashes broke between Colombian police and Indians protesting a planned free trade accord with the US, leaving one Indian dead and at least 15 wounded.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Conservative leader Angela Merkel said she had reached a "good and fair" deal that will make her Germany's first female chancellor in a power-sharing agreement that would end Gerhard Schroeder's seven years in office.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, The US formally handed Rhein-Main Air Base over to the German government, ending a 60-year stay during which the sprawling field was a hub of activity for American forces facing Soviet bloc troops and Mideast tensions.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Guatemalan officials said they would abandon communities buried by landslides and declare them mass graveyards as reports of devastation trickled in from some of the more than 100 communities cut off from the outside world after killer mudslides.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, India and Pakistan set aside their often-bitter rivalry when Islamabad accepted an offer of aid for earthquake victims.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Indonesia said it will test its stock of bird flu vaccine after a corruption scandal involving production of sub-standard doses.
    (AFP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, An Iraqi official said an arrest warrant has been issued for Hazem Shaalam, a former Iraqi defense minister, accused of corruption and abuse of power while working in the previous interim government, which was installed by the United States last year.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, In Iraq insurgents launched a new salvo of attacks five days ahead of a crucial constitutional referendum, killing at least 12 Iraqis and a US soldier with suicide car bombs, roadside explosives and drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Israeli forces caught a 14-year-old boy whom militants tried to push into becoming a suicide bomber.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 10, Japan's space agency conducted a test flight of a supersonic jet prototype in the Australian Outback.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Morocco began deporting would-be immigrants, with a flight carrying 140 Senegalese taking off for Dakar after hundreds of Africans stormed razor-wire border fences in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, The final count in Poland's presidential election confirmed that the pro-market lawmaker Donald Tusk won more votes than conservative Warsaw Mayor Lech Kaczynski, but fell short of a majority needed for an outright victory in a first round of balloting.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, The Anatolia news agency said a suspect in a bombing plot against Israeli ships in Turkey earlier gave $50,000 to people accused of carrying out a series of bombings in Istanbul that killed 60 people in 2003, according to testimony from Burhan Kus, a suspect submitted by prosecutors to a court.
    (AP, 10/10/05)
2005        Oct 10, Apolo Milton Obote (b.1924), former head of Uganda, died in South Africa. He led Uganda from 1966-1971, when he was overthrown in a coup by Idi Amin, and from 1980-1985 following disputed general elections.
    (AFP, 10/11/05)

2006        Oct 10, The Bush administration rejected anew direct talks with North Korea in the wake of the communist country's nuclear test, and suggested it was possible the test was something less than it appeared.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2006        Oct 10, The Diocese of Davenport, Iowa, became the 4th Catholic diocese in the US to file for bankruptcy amid the clergy abuse scandal, following the Archdiocese of Portland, Oregon, and the dioceses of Tucson, Arizona and Spokane, Washington. Since 2004, the Diocese of Davenport has paid more than $10.5 million to resolve dozens of claims filed against priests, including a $9 million settlement reached with 37 victims. The lawsuits accused 11 priests of sexually assaulting children since the 1950s and blamed church leaders for covering it up. The cost of the Catholic sex abuse cases nationwide has risen to about $1.5 billion since 1950, according to figures compiled from studies by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops.
    (WSJ, 10/11/06, p.A1)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/2h36vd)
2006        Oct 10, Northrup Grumman confirmed a $12.5 million contract to equip US jets with anti-missile systems.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A4)
2006        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a bomb struck a police bus in Kabul, wounding more than a dozen people.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, In Bolivia strikes and demonstrations brought La Paz to a standstill. The independent mining cooperatives said they were breaking their alliance with Pres. Morales.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.40)
2006        Oct 10, Britain’s Man Booker Prize was won by Indian writer Kiran Desai (35) for “The Inheritance of Loss," a cross-continental saga that moves from the Himalayas to NYC.
    (SFC, 10/11/06, p.A16)
2006        Oct 10, China, which holds the key to whether tough UN sanctions will be imposed for North Korea's nuclear test, warned its ally that the detonation would harm relations, but called on the UN to use "positive and appropriate measures."
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Cheung Yan (49), founder and chairwoman of Chinese paper packager Nine Dragons Paper (Holdings) Ltd., topped a list of China's richest people for the first time, elbowing past two-time leader Huang Guangyu of GOME Electrical Appliances and a coterie of CEOs at old-economy government enterprises. Cheung, born in northeastern China's Heilongjiang province and now a Los Angeles native, began building her fortune in 1985, when she set up a waste-paper trading business in Hong Kong.
    (Reuters, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, A World Health Organization official said Egypt has detected its first human case of the highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu virus since May in an Egyptian woman who raised ducks from her home.
    (Reuters, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, The US Embassy in Haiti said the US has partially lifted a 15-year-old arms embargo, allowing Haiti to buy weapons for police battling violent, and often better armed, street gangs.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, India's Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI) raided the homes and offices of defense agents in five cities in connection with four separate cases of alleged illegal payoffs involving Israel, Russia and South Africa.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, India’s Supreme Court ordered wildlife authorities in New Delhi to catch hundreds of Rhesus macaque monkeys and relocated them thousands of miles away in the jungles of Madhya Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A2)
2006        Oct 10, Iraq's government forged ahead with a plan aimed at ending sectarian attacks, even as a bombing in the capital killed 10 people. Officials said that all security checkpoints in Baghdad would soon be manned by an equal number of Shiite and Sunni Arab troops to ensure the security forces do not allow sectarian attacks. Officials discovered the mutilated bodes of 60 men in the last 24-hours.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian militant who infiltrated from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel wearing a bomb belt.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, A draft UN report said smugglers in the Ivory Coast were violating a UN ban on diamond sales, illegally exporting the gems to neighboring countries for overseas sales.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Liberia's truth commission began taking public testimony.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, The government of Libya reached an agreement with One Laptop per Child, an American nonprofit group, to provide inexpensive laptop computers to all of its schoolchildren. The $250 million deal would provide the nation with 1.2 million computers, a server in each school, a team of technical advisers, satellite internet service and other infrastructure.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, Nigeria charged six people, including men from Ireland, Israel and Romania, with illegally obtaining classified defense documents. Nigerians with assault rifles overran a navy base, taking several troops hostage, and occupied a nearby oil facility belonging to a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell PLC.
    (AP, 10/10/06)(AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, In Norway a charter plane caught fire and skidded off the runway while landing at Stord Airport.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Palestine’s militant Hamas group rejected key elements of a Qatari proposal to forge a power-sharing government with the rival Fatah group that would recognize Israel's right to exist and force militants to renounce violence.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in the town of Makilala on the southern island of Mindanao during a celebration to mark the town's 52nd anniversary. 12 people were killed and at least 42 injured. 5 people were injured when a bomb planted by suspected Muslim extremists exploded in the busy market of Tacurong City.
    (AFP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, In Russia Alexander Plokhin (58), the head of a branch of a state-controlled bank, was fatally shot in Moscow, the latest in a series of apparent contract killings.
    (AP, 10/11/06)
2006        Oct 10, The Sudanese government and eastern rebels signed a power sharing agreement in the Eritrean capital Asmara after months of peace talks. Under Eritrean mediation, Khartoum and the Eastern Front signed a ceasefire agreement on June 19 and pledged to work for a comprehensive settlement of their dispute.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, The World Food Program (WFP) said nearly a quarter of a million people in Sudan's Darfur region cannot access U.N. food rations due to fighting.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Tens of thousands of protesters, many dressed in red to show their anger, demanded that Taiwan's president step down over a series of corruption allegations.
    (AP, 10/10/06)
2006        Oct 10, Vietnam's communist party chief Nong Duc Manh arrived in Laos at the start of a four-day visit in a country where Vietnam still exerts considerable influence.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)

2007        Oct 10, The US House Foreign Affairs Committee voted 27-21 to label as genocide the deaths of Armenians a century ago at the end of the Ottoman Empire. The Bush administration planned to pressure Democratic leaders not to schedule a vote, though it is expected to pass.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a law termination investment by the state’s pension funds in companies doing business with Iran. He also signed a bill that will give California motorists fines of up to $100 next year if they are caught smoking in cars with minors, making their state the third to protect children in vehicles from secondhand smoke.
    (AP, 10/11/07)(Econ, 10/20/07, p.42)
2007        Oct 10, Robert Levy (64), mayor of Atlantic City, NJ, resigned. He had gone missing for 2 weeks after being accused of lying about his military record.
    (SFC, 10/11/07, p.A6)
2007        Oct 10, Boeing Co. said its new 787 Dreamliner faces a delay of at least 6 months. Executives said the first plane would be delivered in late Nov. or Dec., 2008, rather than May.
    (WSJ, 10/11/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 10, Thousands of Chrysler LLC autoworkers walked off the job after the automaker and the United Auto Workers union failed to reach a tentative contract agreement before a union-imposed deadline. Hours later negotiators reached a tentative agreement.
    (AP, 10/10/07)(WSJ, 10/11/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 10, In Cleveland, Ohio, Asa H. Coon (14), armed with two revolvers, opened fire at the SuccessTech Academy alternative school, wounding two students and two teachers before fatally shooting himself. He had a history of mental problems and was known for cursing at teachers and bickering with students. Coon, who was white, stood out in the predominantly black school for dressing in a Goth style, wearing a black trench coat, black boots, a dog collar and chains.
    (AP, 10/11/07)(SFC, 10/11/07, p.A6)
2007        Oct 10, James Robbins (1942), former CEO of Cox Communications (1995-2005), died of cancer.
    (WSJ, 10/13/07, p.A7)
2007        Oct 10, Gerhard Ertl of Germany won the 2007 Nobel Prize in chemistry for studies of chemical reactions on solid surfaces, which are key to understanding questions like how pollution eats away at the ozone layer.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, Rudolf Blechschmidt, a German engineer, and four Afghans taken hostage on July 18 were freed in exchange for six Taliban fighters. Wardak province district chief Mohammad Nahim later changed his statement saying five imprisoned criminals had been freed. NATO-led and Afghan troops clashed overnight with Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan, leaving eight suspected militants dead and three detained.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, The African Union imposed sanctions on leaders of the rebellious Comoro island of Anjouan in a bid to coerce them into holding fresh elections.
    (AFP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, Austrian authorities arrested a Turkish-born man (76) suspected of fatally shooting a younger Turkish associate (58) and slicing off the victim's penis in what investigators called an "honor killing."
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, Ministers from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine signed a deal to build an oil pipeline linking the Black and Baltic seas.
    (WSJ, 10/11/07, p.A18)
2007        Oct 10, Brazil's Supreme Court denied a Lebanese request to extradite a fugitive banker accused of a multimillion-dollar bank fraud and wanted for questioning in the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. Rana Koleilat was given eight days to leave the country once her passport is returned. She was jailed on fraud charges in Lebanon in 2004, but fled the country. She was arrested in Sao Paulo on March 12, 2006.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 10, In Brazil a truck coming down a hill plowed into rescue workers and gawkers at the site of an earlier collision, a double accident that killed least 28 people and injured 90.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, Ontario's Liberal Party won a second term heading Canada's most populous province.
    (Reuters, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, Some 30 Tibetan exiles protesting Chinese religious policies stormed the Chinese Embassy in New Delhi, with several breaching the front gate and chaining themselves to the flag pole inside.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, In Colombia police clashed with hundreds of protesters who blocked roads and burned trucks in demonstrations called by unions, farmers and indigenous groups who accuse the government of ties to right-wing militias.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, A roadside bomb targeted a US military convoy in Baghdad, killing an Iraqi bystander and wounding three others. In northern Iraq, a suicide bomber slammed his minibus into blast walls at the offices of a key Kurdish political party, killing a party official and a guard, and wounding five other guards. A parked car bomb exploded near a market in Saddam's hometown of Tikrit, 80 miles north of Baghdad, killing a policeman and a civilian, and wounding another policeman and three civilians. Two Americans soldiers killed in a mortar attack at Camp Victory and 35 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 10/9/07)(AP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 10, Police in Japan arrested Kazunari Saito (33), who ran an Internet suicide site, for allegedly killing a woman who paid him to do so. He allegedly gave Sayaka Nishizawa (21) sleeping pills and suffocated her in April. Nishizawa had contacted the suspect through an Internet suicide site he hosted and paid him $1,700.
    (AP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, A Myanmar exile group, made up of former political prisoners, said authorities had recently informed the family of Win Shwe (42), that he had died during interrogation in the central Myanmar region of Sagaing. He and five colleagues were arrested on Sept. 26. The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners said that at least seven people have been arrested in the past two days in Yangon, including Hla Myo Naung (39), a leader of the '88 Generation Students.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, A Nigerian electoral court annulled the election of Ibrahim Idris, the governor of the central Kogi State, following a complaint by his opponent, Abubakar Audu, that he had been unfairly excluded from the April vote.
    (AFP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, Police in the eastern Polish town of Kazimierz Dolny pushed their way into a convent and evicted about 65 rebellious ex-nuns, arresting the mother superior and a monk who had occupied the complex with them illegally for two years. The women had taken over the building in a rebellion against the Vatican, which had ordered the replacement of their mother superior, Jadwiga Ligocka.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, A spokeswoman for Other Russia said Russian electoral officials have barred the vocal opposition alliance from participating in December parliamentary elections. Election commission chief Vladimir Churov said Other Russia was barred because it was not registered as a political party.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, A Russian rocket blasted off from Kazakhstan's Baikonur launch pad, carrying 3 astronauts to the international space station. Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, an orthopedic surgeon and university lecturer from Kuala Lumpur, left Earth alongside Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and American astronaut Peggy Whitson. Shukor was selected from among 11,000 Malaysian candidates to fly aboard the ISS in a deal his government arranged with Russia as part of a $1 billion purchase of Russian fighter jets. Whitson will be the first woman to command the outpost.
    (Reuters, 9/20/07)(AP, 10/10/07)(SFC, 10/11/07, p.A8)
2007        Oct 10, The criminal court in Rwanda’s southern Rusizi district handed down a life sentence to Emmanuel Bagambiki, now living in Belgium, who was governor of Cyangugu during the 1994 genocide. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) had acquitted him on war crimes and genocide charges in February 2004, confirming the ruling on appeal in February 2006.
    (AFP, 10/11/07)
2007        Oct 10, Two suspects were remanded in custody by a South African court in connection with the murders of ten women whose bodies were found dumped in sugarcane fields.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, Taiwan held a National Day military parade for the first time since it halted such displays of war-fighting prowess in 1991 to ease tensions with rival China.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, It was reported that Turkey had begun shelling suspected Kurdish rebel camps across the border in northern Iraq. The government appeared unlikely to move toward sending ground troops until next week.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, Zimbabwe said it will import 30,000 tons of wheat from its neighbors in a bid to ease widespread bread shortages of bread. The human rights group Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA) said Zimbabwean security forces routinely torture and sexually abuse women opposed to President Robert Mugabe's government.
    (AFP, 10/10/07)(Reuters, 10/10/07)

2008        Oct 10, G7 leaders confronted a financial system in shambles as they gathered in Washington with panic selling in the stock markets, credit frozen solid and the world teetering on recession. US Treasury Secretary Hank Paulson said the government will buy direct stakes in banks to stem a global financial collapse. G7 ministers announced a 5-point plant to support financial institutions.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 10, Global stocks dove head first to five-year lows at the end of a brutal week as even the traditional safe-havens of gold and government bonds suffered as fear-stricken investors sought refuge in cash. The DJIA fell 128 to close at 8451.19 in its most volatile day ever as the Dow swung 1019 points during the day. Oil on the NY mercantile Exchange fell over 10% to close at $77.70 a barrel, its lowest level in over a year.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 10, The US and India signed a pact allowing American firms to sell nuclear technology to India.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 10, Alaska released a report in which a legislative investigator found that Gov. Palin had violated state ethics laws and abused her power by trying to have her former brother-in-law fired as a state trooper.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, In Los Angeles Leland Wong (51), a former city commissioner (2002-2004) under Mayor James Hahn, was sentenced to 5 years in prison and ordered to pay about $139,000 in restitution for accepting bribes from companies seeking city business.
    (SSFC, 10/12/08, p.B7)
2008        Oct 10, The Connecticut Supreme Court voted 4-3 to give gay and lesbian couples the right to marry ruling that civil unions fell short of giving them full equality. It became the 3rd state to legalize such unions.
    (SFC, 10/11/08, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A7)
2008        Oct 10, Ed Jew, former San Francisco supervisor, pleaded guilty to one count each of mail fraud, bribery and extortion as part of a scheme to shakedown Chinese immigrant owners of tapioca drink shops in the sunset District for $84,000 in bribes. In 2009 he was sentenced to 64 months in federal prison.
    (SFC, 10/11/08, p.B1)(SFC, 4/4/09, p.A1)
2008        Oct 10, Jim Benson (b.1945), software entrepreneur and founder of SpaceDev (1997), died. He had hoped to build rockets to colonize asteroids.
    (WSJ, 10/18/08, p.A10)
2008        Oct 10, NATO defense ministers authorized their troops in Afghanistan to attack drug barons blamed for pumping up to US$100 million (euro74 million) a year into the coffers of resurgent Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, The London stock market plunged by almost 10.0 percent again, after fresh falls on Wall Street, as investors continued to fret over the worldwide financial crisis.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Canada’s Finance Minister Jim Flaherty said Canada plans to buy up to C$25 billion in insured mortgages to help cushion banks from the global financial crisis and address a "scarcity" of private-sector lending.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Chile's President, Michelle Bachelet, signed law 20.299 making October 31st a new annual public holiday to coincide with Reformation Day and to be called "Día Nacional de las Iglesias Evangélicas y Protestantes".  The date marked the 1517 posting by Martin Luther of his 95 thesis in Wittenberg, Germany.
    (http://tinyurl.com/62uhnt)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.52)
2008        Oct 10, A state news report said Beijing will ban half of its 3.4 million cars from the roads during periods of very heavy pollution. A crane at a construction site next to a kindergarten collapsed in Zibo city, Shandong province, killing five children.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Congo's President Joseph Kabila named Budget Minister Adolphe Muzito (51) as the new prime minister following the resignation of 83-year-old Antoine Gizenga.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Finland's ex-president Martti Ahtisaari won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to build a lasting peace from Africa and Asia to Europe and the Middle East. The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it honored Ahtisaari for important efforts over more than three decades to resolve international conflicts.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, In Iraq Diyar Abbas Ahmed (28), a Kurdish journalist, was gunned down in Kirkuk. A New York-based journalists' group said it was the 136th killing of a reporter since the US-led invasion of Iraq five years ago. A car bomb exploded in a market in southern Baghdad killing at least 14 people. Bombings and shooting around the country killed 24 people.
    (AP, 10/11/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 10, Police in Srinagar shot and killed two people and at least four protesters were wounded, as thousands of Muslims took to the streets of Indian Kashmir to protest the visit of India's prime minister.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, The Libyan news agency JANA said Libya will withdraw $7 billion of assets in Swiss banks, cut economic ties with Switzerland and stop supplying it with oil to protest against poor treatment of Libyan diplomats and businessmen.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Mexico's central bank auctioned foreign reserves in 3 auctions in an increasingly aggressive bid to push the peso stronger. In all, the bank sold off $6.4 billion.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, In Mexico authorities in Tijuana reported that a total of 91 people had been killed in a wave of gangland homicides since Sept. 26.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, A suicide bomber drove his car into an anti-Taliban tribal council meeting in northwest Pakistan, killing at least 30 people, the second suicide bombing in as many days. The bomber blew himself up when around 500 members of Alizai tribe were gathered to draw up a strategy as part of government-backed efforts to drive out militants from tribal areas. Angry Pakistani tribesmen traded fire with Taliban militants and demolished their houses in a northwestern tribal region following the car suicide attack.
    (AP, 10/10/08)(Reuters, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, Peru’s President Alan Garcia accepted the resignation of his entire Cabinet without naming replacements in response to an oil kickbacks scandal.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, Portugal's Parliament voted by a large majority against proposals to allow same-sex marriages in the mostly Roman Catholic country.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, In Qatar the Doha Center for Media Freedom opened under the leadership of Robert Menard of France. Menard had previously led the Paris-based Reporters Without Borders.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.52)(http://tinyurl.com/rxkzzh)
2008        Oct 10, Serbia expelled the Macedonian ambassador, reflecting its fury over the recognition of Kosovo's independence by its closest neighbors.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Singapore’s economy fell into recession for the first time in 6 years leading the city-state’s central bank to ease monetary policy and warn of more struggle to come.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A10)
2008        Oct 10, Armed pirates off Somalia hijacked a Greek chemical tanker with a crew of 20 flying a Panamanian flag.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, Spain's government insisted that a 30 billion euros ($41 billion) fund it will use to buy assets from banks starved for liquidity will have zero cost for taxpayers.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Heinz Imhof, known as the Father of Syngenta, died, He orchestrated the 2000 merger of the crop-protection and seeds divisions of Switzerland’s Novartis AG and Anglo-Swedish Astra-Zeneca PLC, creating Sygenta, the biggest agrichemical business in the world.
    (WSJ, 11/8/08, p.A6)
2008        Oct 10, A Swedish court sentenced Chilean tenor Ernesto "Tito" Beltran (43) to two years and six months in prison for raping an 18-year-old nanny and molesting a 7-year-old girl. The appeals court in Goteborg upheld a previous rape conviction, but overturned an acquittal in the molestation case.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Leaders of Thai anti-government protests were granted bail after surrendering to police and immediately vowed new rallies, raising fears of mounting turmoil days after deadly street clashes. At least 22 people were killed and 24 others injured when a bus packed with passengers crashed in eastern Thailand.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Ukraine's PM Yulia Tymoshenko said there will be no early parliamentary elections, defying a presidential decree and raising the stakes in her fierce political battle with the president. She said Ukraine has no money for an early election and predicted that parliament will not pass the necessary legislation.
    (AP, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, The UN urged Congo and Rwanda to hold talks to avoid a war after Kinshasa accused its eastern neighbor of sending troops over the border to back Congolese rebels.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)
2008        Oct 10, Yemeni officials and the UN refugee agency said about 100 migrants from Somalia were missing and feared drowned in the treacherous waters off the coast of Yemen after smugglers forced them overboard 3 miles off Yemen’s coast. 47 were believed to have survived.
    (AP, 10/10/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.A10)
2008        Oct 10, Zimbabwe's political rivals agreed to seek renewed mediation from former South African President Thabo Mbeki to try to end deadlock over posts in a unity government.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)

2009        Oct 10, Christy Harp of Jackson township, Ohio, won the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers annual weigh-off with a world record 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)
2009        Oct 10, In Idaho a bus carrying a high school marching band went off of I-15 killing one adult and injuring several students.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A9)
2009        Oct 10, In Louisiana 2 Cessna 150s, each carrying 2 people, collided near Pineville Regional Airport, killing 2 and injuring 2.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed the district police chief and district governor of Shah Khil in Paktika province. A US service member died of wounds suffered in a bombing in southern Afghanistan. In Helmand province the Afghan army killed four insurgents in Garmser district. In eastern Khost province, a police car was struck by a roadside bomb but none of its passengers was injured. However, shrapnel also hit a nearby car, killing a 12-year-old girl and wounding three other civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)(AP, 10/10/09)(AFP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, Argentina's Senate overwhelmingly approved a law that transformed the nation's media landscape. President Cristina Kirchner said she would sign it immediately. The new law preserved two-thirds of the radio and TV spectrum for noncommercial stations, and required channels to use more Argentine content. It also forced Grupo Clarin, the country's leading media company, to sell off many of its properties.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Armenia and Turkey signed a deal in Switzerland to establish diplomatic ties ending a century of enmity. To take effect, the agreements must be ratified by the Turkish and Armenian parliaments, but it faced stiff opposition in both countries.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, British police in fluorescent jackets stood between hundreds of anti-Islam protesters and anti-racist counter-demonstrators in Manchester, arresting 48 people in a bid to keep the peace.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, In Cambodia an overloaded river ferry capsized on its way to a Buddhist ceremony in Kratie province, killing 17 passengers in a tributary of the Mekong River.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, China, Japan and South Korea held a 3-way summit in Beijing.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.43)
2009        Oct 10, A Chinese court sentenced a man to death for his role in the June 26 toy factory brawl that sparked riots in western Xinjiang region that left almost 200 dead. Xinhua News said Xiao Jianhua was given death and Xu Qiqi was given life in prison on charges of intentionally harming others. Their names suggest they are members of the Han majority.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi accused Eritrea of sowing havoc in the region as Addis Ababa reiterated calls for sanctions over Asmara's alleged support for Somalia's rebels.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, The French military fired on pirates in the Indian Ocean to protect two tuna fishing vessels.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, In Guatemala City gunmen opened fire on a patrol car killing one police officer and wounding 3 others. Assailants attacked another squad car hours later in the capital, wounding three officers.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 10, Honduras' interim leaders put in place new rules that threatened broadcasters with closure for airing reports that "attack national security," further restricting media freedom following the closure of two opposition stations.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Iran’s ISNA news agency reported that 3 defendants in the mass trial of opposition figures accused of fueling the country's postelection unrest have been sentenced to death. Two of them were convicted of membership in a monarchist group seeking to topple Iran's Islamic Republic and restore a monarchy. A third defendant was convicted of having ties to a terrorist group for his alleged links to the People's Mujahedeen.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, It was reported that local Iraqi authorities have outlawed alcohol in the province of Najaf, home to the holiest Shiite city, saying it contradicts the principles of Islam. The Najaf provincial council's decision followed a similar measure taken in August by authorities in Basra.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Japan said it has suspended beef shipments from an American meatpacking plant after finding cattle parts banned under an agreement to prevent the spread of mad cow disease. The suspension only affected Tyson's factory in Lexington, Nebraska, one of 46 meatpacking plants approved to export beef to Japan.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Madagascar's outgoing prime minister refused to quit, endangering a power-sharing agreement brokered by mediators to keep peace on the island. Monja Roindefo said he does not acknowledge the mediators' appointment on Oct 6 of Eugene Mangalaza as a prime minister in the transitional government. Members of the transitional government confirmed Eugene Mangalaza.
    (AP, 10/10/09)(AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon dispatched over 1,000 federal policemen to occupy the offices of Luz y Fuerza del Centro, the state-owned electricity distributor for Mexico City and its surroundings. The Federal Electricity Commission, which provides service to the rest of the country, took over for Luz y Fuerza, which had been established in 1994 by presidential decree. The company’s fat salaries and pensions cost the government some $3 billion a year and lost 30% of its power thru illicit connections and technical failures. 
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.50)
2009        Oct 10, In Pakistan 5 militants took hostages after they and about four other assailants attacked the army headquarters in Rawalpindi, killing six soldiers, including a brigadier and a lieutenant colonel.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, Polish President Lech Kaczynski signed the EU’s reform treaty, the Lisbon Treaty, into law, leaving the Czech Republic as the only country still to ratify the document.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Stephen Gately (33), a singer with the Irish boy band Boyzone, died while visiting Spain’s island of Mallorca. He made headlines a decade ago when he came out as gay. An autopsy revealed that he died of excess fluid in his lungs due to acute pulmonary edema.
    (AP, 10/11/09)(AFP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 10, Zimbabwe's central bank chief said the government has frozen Nestle's local accounts and ordered an audit after Nestle stopped buying milk from a farm owned by President Robert Mugabe's wife.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2010        Oct 10, Virgin Galactic’s space tourism rocket, SpaceShip Two, achieved its first solo glide flight. Manned by 2 pilots it flew for 11 minutes before landing in Mojave, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A5)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.100)
2010        Oct 10, In Chandler, Arizona, Martin Alejandro Cota-Monroy's body was found in a suburban Phoenix apartment, his severed head a couple feet away. Detectives suspected that Cota-Monroy's killing was punishment for stealing drugs. A police report on Feb 2, 2011, said that Cota-Monroy stole 400 pounds of marijuana and some meth from the PEI-Estatales/El Chapo drug trafficking organization. Cota-Monroy told the cartel that the Border Patrol had seized the drugs, but the cartel learned the truth and hired men to kidnap and kill him in Nogales, Mexico. Cota-Monroy fled to the Phoenix area, leading the cartel to hire assassins to go to Arizona, befriend Cota-Monroy and kill him. One man, Crisantos Moroyoqui, was later charged in the killing, and three others were believed to have fled to Mexico.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 3/3/11)
2010        Oct 10, Solomon Burke (b.1940), the larger-than-life "King of Rock and Soul," died at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport. The Philadelphia-born singer was revered as one of music's greatest vocalists but never reached the level of fame of those he influenced. He joined Atlantic in 1960 and went on to record a string of hits in a decade with the label. He wrote "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love" in 1964 and it was later featured in the Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi movie "The Blues Brothers."
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, Dame Joan Sutherland (83), renowned Australian opera soprano, died at her home in Switzerland.
    (SFC, 10/12/10, p.C3)
2010        Oct 10, The Afghan government named former President Burhanuddin Rabbani as the chief of a new peace council tasked with talking to insurgent groups. A roadside bomb killed 5 members of a family in Paktia province. 2 NATO troops were killed by a roadside bomb in the south. A suicide bomber blew up his vehicle near a military convoy, killing a child and wounding two other people in Khost province.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, The 10/10/10 event known as the "Global Work Party" kicked off in Australia and New Zealand before spinning its way across the globe with events in 188 countries. Environmental campaigners planted trees, collected rubbish and rallied against pollution for what organizers aimed to make the world's biggest day of climate-change activism.
    (AFP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, In Austria the far-right anti-immigration Freedom party drew 27% of the vote in local elections in Vienna giving them 28 seats in the regional parliament.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 10, In Bangladesh a speeding bus veered off the road and into the water. Many of some 50 passengers swam to safety after the crash. 11 bodies were soon recovered and the search continued for more.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 10, In the Central African Republic rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) abducted a number of girls during an attack on the town of Birao. at least 5 people were taken by the rebels, who retreated when government troops arrived on the scene.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 10, In China the wife of construction worker Luo Yanquan (36) was taken kicking and screaming from their home by more than a dozen people and detained in a clinic for three days by family planning officials, then taken to a hospital and injected with a drug that killed her baby. Xiao Aiying (36) delivered the dead baby on Oct 14.
    (AP, 10/21/10)
2010        Oct 10, Curacao, St Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius were scheduled to go their own ways. The former Dutch Caribbean colonies of Curacao and St. Maarten became autonomous countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in a change of constitutional status dissolving the Netherlands Antilles.
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.38)(Reuters, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, A Hungarian official said the wall of a reservoir filled with caustic red sludge will inevitably collapse and unleash a new deluge of red sludge that could flow about a half-mile (1 km) to the north.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, In India a boat carrying dozens of farm workers capsized on the flooded Ganges River killing at least 22 people.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 10, Iranian Sunni rebels said they had kidnapped a nuclear scientist and would publish secrets he knows about Iran's nuclear program unless 200 political prisoners were released.
    (Reuters, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, Iran arrested two German nationals in Tabriz as they approached the home of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, a woman whose sentence of death-by-stoning on an adultery conviction has drawn international condemnation. Ashtiani's son, Sajjad Qaderzadeh, and lawyer Houtan Kian were arrested along with two the German nationals, who were seeking to interview the son. On Feb 5, 2012, reporter Marcus Hellwig told the Sunday newspaper Bild am Sonntag that he was regularly beaten up during the first 10 "brutal" days in captivity until a German diplomat intervened. German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle traveled to Tehran for a rare meeting with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Westerwelle brought Hellwig and his German photographer Jens Koch home after 5 months imprisonment.
            (AP, 10/12/10)(AP, 11/4/10)(AP, 2/5/12)
2010        Oct 10, Israel's Cabinet approved a bill that would require new citizens to pledge a loyalty oath to a "Jewish and democratic" state, language that triggered charges of racism from Arab lawmakers who see it as undermining the rights of the country's Arab minority.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, In Kyrgyzstan about 56% of eligible voters turned out to elect a new and empowered parliament with the right to approve a government and appoint a prime minister. The nationalist Ata-Zhurt party, which opposed the new constitution, pulled ahead with around 8.6 percent of eligible votes. The Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, trailed in second place with 8.2 percent of the eligible vote.
    (AP, 10/10/10)(AP, 10/11/10)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.52)
2010        Oct 10, Kim Jong Un (26), the youngest son of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il (68), joined his father at a massive military parade in his most public appearance since being unveiled as the nation's next leader. South Korean activists also sent some 20,000 leaflets packed with $1 bills and CDs carrying anti-Kim Jong Un rap songs floating across the border in hopes of reaching ordinary North Koreans.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, Norwegian oil firm Statoil is expanding further its shale gas operations in the United States, saying it has created a joint venture with Canada's Talisman to acquire acreage on the Eagle Ford prospect in Texas for $1.325 billion.
    (Reuters, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, Pakistan reopened a key border crossing to NATO supply convoys heading into Afghanistan, ending an 11-day blockade imposed after a US helicopter strike killed two Pakistani soldiers.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, In Serbia a gay rights parade in Belgrade descended into violence as thousands of police deployed to protect marchers clashed with gangs of anti-gay protesters, sparking riots, injuries and dozens of arrests.
    (Reuters, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, Somali pirates seized the Panama-flagged Izumi, a Japanese-owned cargo ship with 20 Filipino crew members onboard. The Izumi was released on Feb 25, 2011.
    (AP, 10/11/10)(AP, 2/28/11)
2010        Oct 10, In South Korea Hwang Jang-yop (87), the key architect of North Korea's isolationist state policy, was found dead at his Seoul residence. He once mentored authoritarian leader Kim Jong Il before defecting to South Korea in 1997.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, Some 7,200 South Korean and foreign couples exchanged or reaffirmed marriage vows in the Unification Church's second mass wedding this year.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
2010        Oct 10, In Yemen 2 attackers on a motorbike in the southern town of Zinjibar gunned down, Ghazi al-Samawi, a criminal investigations officer who was featured on an Al-Qaeda hit list of policemen to be killed.
    (AFP, 10/11/10)

2011        Oct 10, The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded Americans Thomas Sargent and Christopher Sims won for their research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In California a 1,704 pumpkin won a prize of $11,224 in the annual Half Moon Bay Pumpkin Festival. Leonardo Urena’s pumpkin set a state record, but was 106 pounds short of a world record set in 2010 by a Wisconsin grown gourd.
    (SFC, 10/11/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 10, In Oakland, Ca., anti-Wall Street protesters began their Occupy Oakland encampment in front of city hall at Frank Ogawa Plaza.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A9)
2011        Oct 10, In eastern Afghanistan 6 civilians died in twin explosions in the Dangam district of Kunar province. NATO said one of its service members died in the south.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Angola a Luanda court gave William Tonet, editor of the newspaper Folha 8, five days to pay 10 million kwanzas ($106,000, 77,000 euro) in damages or spend a year in jail for a 2008 article in which he had accused three generals of the Angolan Armed Forces of self-enrichment and power abuse. Over the next week supporters raised $50,000 to pay the fine.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Australia Bryn Martin (64) disappeared while swimming toward a buoy off Perth city's central Cottesloe Beach. Officials suspected that a shark attack killed Martin.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Bangladesh's main opposition launched a protest campaign in which 3,000 cars drive en masse around the country to demand that the government resigns.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, The World Bank said that it had put on hold a $1.2 billion loan for a huge bridge in Bangladesh amid allegations of corruption in the bidding process.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, It was reported that Bolivia's government is giving school teachers free laptops with a stenciled image of a smiling President Evo Morales on the back of each computer. The government is handing out 130,000 Lenovo laptops worth more than $50 million.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, The $5 million Mo Ibrahim award for good leadership in Africa, withheld the previous two years because of a lack of qualified candidates, was bestowed to Cape Verde's former Pres. Pedro Verona Pires (77) for promoting democracy and development on his archipelago.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, A global disruption of BlackBerry services began and continued for 3 days. 4 days later Canada-based Research In Motion was still working to clear a backlog of delayed messages, hoping to control the damage to RIM.
    (Reuters, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 10, China suspended shipping through Southeast Asia's Golden Triangle after Oct 5 attacks by suspected drug traffickers on two Chinese cargo ships left 13 people dead or missing on the Mekong River.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Egypt small skirmishes broke out again in Cairo outside the Coptic hospital where many of the Christian victims were taken the night before. Several hundred Christians pelted police with rocks as the screams of grieving women rang out from inside the hospital.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Germany an arson attack on Berlin's busy central train station was thwarted after railway employees discovered a device set to explode. The tabloid Bild reported that a leftist group calling itself the "Hekla Reception Committee — Initiative for more Eruptions in Society," in an apparent reference to Iceland's Hekla volcano, claimed responsibility. It said this was a protest against Germany's military engagement in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Haiti an official with Doctors Without Borders said the number of cholera cases seen in Port-au-Prince has jumped about threefold in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, India's largest car maker Maruti Suzuki called for authorities to evict 1,500 striking workers who have seized control of one of its plants, amid allegations of sabotage and violence. The workers began staging a sit-in strike at its Manesar factory in northern Haryana state on Oct 7.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Indonesian police shot and killed one protester and wounded another as they clashed with striking workers at a mine run by US company Freeport McMoran. The clash erupted when police tried to stop more than 1,000 workers, who began their strike on September 15, from entering a facility at the Grasberg mining complex.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Iraq a string of explosions targeting security officials killed at least 10 people in western Baghdad.
    (SFC, 10/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 10, An Irish court ordered independent opposition politician Mick Wallace to repay almost 20 million euros (£17.4 million) in bank loans, raising the possibility that the builder could face bankruptcy and have to quit parliament.
    (Reuters, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Kuwaiti exports and imports were disrupted as over 3,000 customs officers went on strike demanding better pay and threatening to halt oil exports.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Israel nearly 300 residents at hospitals failed to turn up to work and hundreds more were poised to resign later the same day in a dispute over pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Mexican marines said they have seized more than 4 tons of marijuana, arrested 36 cartel members and killed 11 others during five days of raids through the violent border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Morocco some 50 imams protested in the capital over tight controls on their preaching, the first time such a demonstration has been allowed to go forward. The imams said their demands included higher salaries, permission to give their own sermons and to be consulted on matters of religion and law.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In the Gaza Strip at least one person has been killed in an explosion along the northern border with Israel. Israeli army officials believed the blast was set off by two militants who were trying to plant a bomb.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Philippine army troops battled communist guerrillas in a running gunbattle that killed eight rebels and a soldier in the mountainous north, in the latest flare-up in the 42-year insurgency despite on-and-off peace talks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, An undersea telecommunications table landed in Sierra Leone, part of a 17,000-km fiber optic line that aims to connect countries along the west African coast to Europe.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Somalia heavy fighting broke out in Mogadishu after pro-government forces attacked militant positions. At least 8 civilians and one AU soldier were killed in the fighting. This followed what the African Union force said were the deaths a day earlier of at least 12 Somali civilians because of militants' mortars.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, Pirates of Somalia attacked the Italian cargo ship Montecristo carrying a crew of 23. US and British Navy ships freed the ship and 11 pirates were apprehended.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, South Africa launched its census count, with officials pleading for residents in the crime-plagued nation to open their often formidably barricaded doors to teams of yellow-shirted enumerators.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Sudan attackers killed three UNAMID peacekeepers and wounded six others near the Zam Zam displaced persons camp in North Darfur. One assailant was killed.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 10, Turkish air raids in northern Iraq reportedly killed 7 Kurdish rebels including three senior operatives.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 10, The UN issued a 74-page report that found that detainees in 47 facilities in 24 provinces run by the Afghan National Police and the Directorate of Security suffered interrogation techniques that constituted torture under both international and Afghan law.
    (AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, In Zimbabwe the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, handed over a report to President Robert Mugabe detailing incidents of intimidation.
    (AP, 10/11/11)

2012        Oct 10, US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said the United States has sent 150 military troops to the Jordan-Syria border to bolster that country's military capabilities in the event that violence escalates along its border with Syria.
    (AP, 10/10/12)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 10, In Arizona US Border Patrol agents in Nogales opened fire on a group of people throwing rocks at agents from across the border. An autopsy showed that Jose Antonio Elena Rodriguez (16) was shot at least eight times. In 2014 the mother of the teen sued the agency saying he was walking home with his girlfriend when he was hit in the back by 10 bullets. On Sep 23, 2015, agent Lonnie Schwartz was charged with second-degree murder.
    (SFC, 7/30/14, p.E3)(SFC, 9/25/15, p.A9)
2012        Oct 10, The city of Oakland, Ca., filed suit to stop the federal government from seizing and closing down one of its largest medical marijuana dispensaries.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.C1)
2012        Oct 10, Former US Peace Corps volunteer Jesse Osmun apologized for sexually abusing young girls in South Africa before he was sentenced to 15 years in prison. He had provided support to people affected by the AIDS virus.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 10, In Florida a section of a parking garage collapsed at Miami-Dade College killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 10, In South Carolina a 3-judge panel upheld a state law requiring voters to present photo identification, but delayed enforcement until next year.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 10, In Texas Jonathan Green (44) was executed for killing a 12-year-old girl over a decade ago. Lawyers had argued that he was mentally ill.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 10, Brazil’s Supreme Court voted to convict Jose Dirceu (66), the chief of staff of former Pres. Lula, of corruption. Two other former Workers’ Party men were also convicted.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.46)
2012        Oct 10, Canadian naval intelligence officer Sub-Lieutenant Jeffrey Paul Delisle (41) pleaded guilty to handing over secrets to a foreign country. He had been selling secrets to the Russians for about $3,000 a month.
    (Reuters, 10/10/12)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 10, In Canada Amanda Michelle Todd (b.1996) committed suicide at her home in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia. Prior to her death, Todd had posted a video on YouTube in which she used a series of flash cards to tell her experience of being blackmailed, bullied and physically assaulted. A stranger had convinced Todd to bare her breasts on camera. The individual later blackmailed her with threats to expose the topless photo to her friends unless she gave a "show". On April 17 Canadian police confirmed an arrest has been made in the Netherlands in the case.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide_of_Amanda_Todd)(AP, 4/18/14)
2012        Oct 10, An Egyptian court acquitted 24 loyalists of ousted President Hosni Mubarak who had been accused of organizing one of the most dramatic attacks on protesters during last year's uprising, the "Camel Battle," in which assailants on horses and camels charged into crowds in Cairo's Tahrir Square. The Feb. 2, 2011 assault left nearly a dozen people killed.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, In southern Egypt Abu Bakar, a teacher in Luxor province, punished two 12-year-old schoolgirls for not wearing the Muslim headscarf by cutting their hair. On Nov 6 Bakar was given a 6-month suspended sentence for childe abuse and fined $8.
    (AP, 10/17/12)(AP, 11/6/12)
2012        Oct 10, A deal to create a European defense and aerospace giant to rival Boeing Co. collapsed when Britain's BAE Systems and EADS NV called off their merger discussions because of conflicting interests between the British, French and German governments.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, Germany’s Cabinet approved a law allowing male circumcision under medical supervision. Parliament still needed to pass the legislation.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 10, An Iraqi official says the government has decided to stop paying the salary of the country's fugitive Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, a month after he was sentenced to death for terrorism-related crimes.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, Toyota recalled 7.43 million cars, trucks and SUVs worldwide to fix faulty power window switches that can cause fires. This was the largest recall in Toyota's 75-year history.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, Jordan's King Abdullah II appointed Abdullah Ensour, a veteran independent politician, as his new caretaker prime minister ahead of parliamentary elections. The new parliament will choose the next prime minister.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, In northern Nigeria gunmen outside of Kano shot dead two officers of the Federal Road Safety Corps, a federal traffic agency. The officials had been on a routine assignment checking vehicles. Officials said gunmen killed 14 people belonging to a Christian ethnic group in Plateau state, in the region in the Riyom local government area. The dead included three children and their mother. Near the local airport gunmen opened fire on a car killing two Christians.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, In Pakistan US drones killed 5 people.
    (AP, 10/11/12)
2012        Oct 10, Russia said it had no intention to automatically extend a 20-year old deal with the United States helping secure the nation's nuclear stockpiles, a move that comes amid a growing isolationist streak in Kremlin policy. The deal expires in 2013 without a major overhaul.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, In Russia a Moscow court freed Yekaterina Samutsevich, one of the 3 jailed Pussy Riot band members, because she had been thrown out of the cathedral by guards before she could remove her guitar from its case.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A3)
2012        Oct 10, The Spanish Red Cross launched its first-ever campaign for donations to help Spaniards hit by economic crisis, in a sign of how needy this nation has become.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, A Syrian Air A320 from Moscow that was forced to land in Ankara. Turkish state-run television TRT reported the next day that the passenger plane was carrying military communications equipment. Damascus branded the incident piracy amid growing tensions between the two countries. The plane's 37 passengers and crew were allowed to continue to Damascus after several hours, without the cargo.
    (AP, 10/11/12)
2012        Oct 10, Turkey's military chief vowed day to respond with more force to any further shelling from Syria, keeping up the pressure on its southern neighbor a day after NATO said it stood ready to defend Turkey.
    (AP, 10/10/12)

2013        Oct 10, California Attorney General Kamala Harris sued Corinthian Colleges, the owners of Everest, Heald, WyoTech and other facilites accusing them of lying about job-placement rates and misrepresenting programs.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q4ou5z7)(SFC, 6/20/14, p.D3)
2013        Oct 10, In Michigan former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick was sentenced to 28 years in prison for corruption.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 10, Scott Carpenter (88), the 2nd American astronaut to orbit the Earth (1962), died in Denver.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A5)
2013        Oct 10, In southeastern Virginia 4 people from Florida were killed when their small plane crashed in the Great Dismal Swamp.
    (SSFC, 10/13/13, p.A7)
2013        Oct 10, More than 700 Australian police swooped on the Hells Angels in a series of heavily-armed raids, seizing guns, drugs and cash, as authorities intensify a crackdown on biker gangs linked to organized crime.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, A Bahraini court sentenced 18 Shiites to between five and seven years in prison after they were convicted of attacking a police station.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Former Belgian PM Wilfried Martens (77) died overnight. Martens was prime minister from April 1979 to April 1981 and from December 1981 to March 1992, leading a total of nine governments. He was one of the architects of Belgium's federal division and a long-time leading figure in the European Parliament.
    (Reuters, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Britain confirmed that Liberia's former president and warlord Charles Taylor is to serve out his 50-year prison sentence for war crimes in a British jail.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Short story master Alice Munro (82), who captures the everyday lives and epiphanies of men and women in rural Canada with elegant and precise prose, won the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (AP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/11/13, p.A3)
2013        Oct 10, In Egypt a suicide bomber drove his explosives-laden car into a checkpoint outside el-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula and detonated it, killing 3 soldiers and a policeman.
    (AP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, In western Finland Thursday a 16-year-old boy stabbed and seriously injured four people at a vocational training college in Oulu. Three of the victims were women under the age of 20 and the fourth was the school's caretaker, a 21-year-old man.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, In Germany pressure grew on Bishop Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst (53) of Limburg in Hesse state, a German-Romanian Catholic bishop under fire for building an extravagant multi-million-euro residential complex when prosecutors alleged that he also lied under oath.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, In India cricket star Sachin Tendulkar, one of the world’s richest sportsmen, announced his retirement.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.48)
2013        Oct 10, Iran’s semi-official FARS news agency said an armed group has killed five members of the elite Revolutionary Guards in a Kurdish area near the Iraqi border.
    (AP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Iraq's prime minister said his country has signed a $6 billion contract with Swiss company Satarem to build and run an oil refinery in the southern province of Maysan.
    (AP, 10/11/13)
2013        Oct 10, The Special Tribunal for Lebanon in The Hague published an arrest warrant for a fifth suspect in the 2005 bombing on the Beirut waterfront that killed Lebanese prime minister Rafik al-Hariri and 21 others, almost tipping the country into civil war. The court said judges had secretly indicted Hassan Habib Merhi on July 31 but had given the Lebanese government time to attempt to arrest the suspect before making the warrant public.
    (Reuters, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Iraq’s justice ministry said 42 "terrorism" convicts were executed over the past week, defying international condemnation of its extensive use of the death penalty.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Kenyans demanded justice after three men accused of brutally gang raping a school girl (16) and dumping her in a pit latrine were ordered to cut grass as punishment.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Libyan PM Ali Zidan was abducted by gunmen who snatched him from his hotel and held him for several hours in apparent retaliation for a US special forces raid that captured an al-Qaida suspect in the capital last weekend.
    (AP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Myanmar took a long-coveted role as chairman of ASEAN, the regional grouping of Southeast Asia.
    (Reuters, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, In Nigeria armed gunmen, suspected to be cattle rustlers, killed 10 members of one family before six of the gunmen were shot dead by security forces in central Plateau state.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, North Korea’s sate media confirmed the removal of a hard-line general as its military chief.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 10, Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai, shot in the head by the Taliban for campaigning for education for girls, won the European Union's annual human rights award, beating fugitive US intelligence analyst Edward Snowden.
    (Reuters, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb exploded outside a police station in a crowded market in Quetta, killing at least 6 people.
    (AP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, A retrospective of the art of Damien Hirst opened in Doha, Qatar featuring 93 works.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.86) 
2013        Oct 10, Saudi authorities beheaded a citizen in the western province of Taif after he was convicted of shooting dead another man.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, In Syria fighting flared between Syrian Sunni rebels and foreign militias on the southern edge of Damascus.
    (Reuters, 10/11/13)
2013        Oct 10, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the NATO-led force in Afghanistan for the last time before it hands over total responsibility for security to Afghan forces at the end of 2014.
    (AP, 10/11/13)
2013        Oct 10, The Venezuelan navy detained the crew of an oil exploration vessel operated by US-based Anadarko Petroleum in waters disputed by the Guyana and Venezuela. The RV Teknik Perdana and its crew were released on Oct 15.
    (AP, 10/11/13)(Reuters, 10/15/13)

2014        Oct 10, President Barack Obama declared large parts of the San Gabriel Mountains near Los Angeles as a national monument.
    (Reuters, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, The US Navy took control of a new missile defense base in southern Romania, one of two European land-based interceptor sites for a NATO missile shield that Russia strongly opposes.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, A Los Angeles County judge threw out the murder conviction of Susan Mellon who has spent over 17 years behind bars for a crime the he said she did not commit.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A11)
2014        Oct 10, In San Francisco Cecilia Lam (35) was shot by Cedric Young Jr. (29) and died three days later. She had called police 4 times over the last two days reporting that her former boyfriend had a gun and had tried to poison her. On August 12 Lam’s family sued the city saying police failed to take proper action.
    (SFC, 8/13/15, p.D4)
2014        Oct 10, The US Supreme Court said same sex marriages can go ahead in Idaho.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A10)
2014        Oct 10, A US federal judge in North Carolina struck down the state’s gay marriage ban.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A10)
2014        Oct 10, The US Justice Dept. said Extendicare Health Services Inc., a nursing home chain, has agreed to pay $38 million to resolve allegations that it billed Medicare for substandard care at nearly three dozen facilities around the country.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A8)
2014        Oct 10, Taliban attack survivor Malala Yousafzai (17) became the youngest Nobel winner ever as she and Kailash Satyarthi (b.1954) of India won the Nobel Peace Prize for working to protect children from slavery, extremism and child labor at great risk to their own lives.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, Algeria said soldiers have killed 4 gunmen during anti-militant operations. 3 suspected militants were killed today in the area of Bouria, 120 km (75 miles) east of Algiers. The fourth militant was killed in a separate raid a day earlier in the Tiaret region.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, Britain's anti-EU UK Independence Party won its first seat in the House of Commons, sending jitters through PM David Cameron's Conservatives months before what is likely to be a tight general election.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, In China days of heavy smog shrouding northern swathes of the country pushed pollution to more than 20 times recommended limits, despite government promises to tackle environmental blight.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, Pavel Landovsky (78), a Czech actor, anti-communist dissident and a friend of late president and playwright Vaclav Havel, died in Prague. Landovsky appeared in numerous movies, including "Closely Watched Trains," the Academy Award winner for the best foreign language film in 1967.
    (AP, 10/11/14)
2014        Oct 10, Egyptian security arrested 40 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo and Egypt's second city Alexandria during protests.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, In Hong Kong thousands of protesters poured into a main road for a pro-democracy rally, reviving a civil disobedience movement a day after the government called off talks with student leaders.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, In Iraq Islamic State group fighters executed 9 people in two northern towns on suspicion of ties to anti-jihadist Sunni organizations. Raad al-Azzawi, a cameraman for Iraq's Salahuddin Television, was killed by militants in the city of Tikrit.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)(AP, 10/11/14)
2014        Oct 10, In Italy at least one person died when flood waters swept through the northwestern city of Genoa following unexpectedly heavy overnight rain.
    (Reuters, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, Liberian lawmakers rejected a proposal the grant Pres. Sirleaf the power to further restrict movement and public gatherings and to confiscate property in the fight against Ebola as the WHO raised the death toll to 4,033 confirmed deaths, mostly in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 10, North and South Korea traded machine-gun and rifle fire after South Korean activists released anti-Pyongyang propaganda balloons across the border.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, In Pakistan a stampede at an anti-government rally in Multan city, Punjab province, killed 7 supporters of Imran Khan, the country's famous former cricketer, now opposition politician.
    (AP, 10/11/14)
2014        Oct 10, A Puerto Rico court ruled that a deal calling for the US territory's government to repay $230 million in overpaid taxes to Doral Financial Corp., one of the island's biggest banks, is valid.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, A South Korea coast guardsman fatally shot the captain of a Chinese fishing vessel who resisted the inspection of his ship for suspected illegal fishing.
    (AP, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 10, In Syria militants fought deeper into the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani in full view of Turkish tanks that have done nothing to intervene. At least 31 people have been killed in three days of riots and street violence across Turkey’s mainly Kurdish southeast.
    (Reuters, 10/10/14)

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