Today in History - October 12

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1285        Oct 12, 180 Jews refused baptism in Munich, Germany, and were set on fire.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1320        Oct 12, Michael IX Paleozoic, emperor of Byzantine (1295-1320), died.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1366        Oct 12, King Frederick III of Sicily forbade decorations on synagogues.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1492        Oct 12, (Old Style calendar; Oct. 21 New Style), Christopher Columbus sited land, an island of the Bahamas which he named San Salvador, but which was called Guanahani by the local Taino people. Seeking to establish profitable Asian trade routes by sailing west, Columbus seriously underestimated the size of the Earth--never dreaming that two great continents blocked his path to the east. Even after four voyages to America, Columbus believed until the end of his life in 1506 that he had discovered an isolated corner of Asia.
    (NH, 10/96, p.22)(AP, 10/12/97)(HNPD, 10/12/98)(http://tinyurl.com/774v3)
1492        Oct 12, Pierro della Francesca (b.1415), Tuscany-born artist, died in Florence. He was later called the Father of the Renaissance. His work included “Virgin and Child Enthroned with Four Angels."
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piero_della_Francesca)

1518        Oct 12, A pontifical ambassador interrogated Rev. Dr. Martin Luther. Luther was summoned to the Diet of Augsburg where he refused to recant.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.11)(MC, 10/12/01)

1537        Oct 12, Edward IV, King of England (1547-53), was born. He was the only son of Henry VIII by his third wife Jane Seymour.
    (HN, 10/12/98)(MC, 10/12/01)

1576        Oct 12, Rudolf II, the king of Hungary and Bohemia, succeeded his father, Maximally II, as Holy Roman Emperor.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 10/12/98)

1582        Oct 12, This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990, J. Bo slough)

1609        Oct 12, The song "Three Blind Mice" was published in London, believed to be the earliest printed secular song.
    (HN, 10/12/00)

1654        Oct 12, Carel Fabritius (b.1622), Dutch painter, died in a gunpowder explosion in Delft. He was one of Rembrandt’s most gifted pupils.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carel_Fabritius)(WSJ, 7/20/01, p.W11)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.93)

1659        Oct 12, English Rump government fired John Lambert and other generals. [see Oct 13]
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1692        Oct 12, Giovanni Battista Vitali, composer, died at 60.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1702        Oct 12, British Admiral Sir George Rookie defeated the French fleet off Vigo.
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1713        Oct 12, Johann Ludwig Krebs, composer, was born. [see Oct 10]
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1722        Oct 12, Shah Sultan Husain surrendered the Persian capital of Isfahan to Afghan rebels after a seven month siege. Mir Wais' son, Mir Mahmud of Afghanistan, had invaded Persia and occupied Isfahan. At the same time, the Durrani revolted, and terminated the Persian occupation of Herat.
    (www.afghan, 5/25/98)(HN, 10/12/98)

1742        Oct 12, Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor, was born.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1776        Oct 12, British Brigade began guarding Throgs Necks Road in Bronx.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1792        Oct 12, Columbus Day was 1st celebrated in the US.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1798        Oct 12, The play "Wallenstein's Camp" by Friedrich von Schiller premiered in Weimar. It was set in 3 parts during the 30 Years War as Gen. Albrecht von Wallenstein fought for Catholic Emp. Ferdinand II.
    (www.schillerinstitute.org/fid_02-06/2005/051-2_Schiller_friends.html)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.78)

1809        Oct 12, Meriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark expedition, died under mysterious circumstances in St. Louis. [see Oct 11]
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1823        Oct 12, Charles Macintosh of Scotland began selling raincoats (Macs).
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1833        Oct 12, Charles Darwin began his return trip to Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1844        Oct 12, George Washington Cable, writer and reformer, was born.
    (HN, 10/12/00)

1845        Oct 12, Elizabeth Fry (b.1780), English Quaker prisoner reform advocate, died. In 1827 she published a book called “Observations, on the visiting superintendence and government of female prisoners." Since 2002 she has been depicted on the Bank of England £5 note.
    (www.quakerinfo.com/fry.shtml)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Fry)

1850        Oct 12, The 1st women's medical school, the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania, opened. [see 1848, Mar 11, 1850]
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1753        Oct 12, Sir Danvers Osborn (b.1715), British colonial governor of New York, hanged himself 5 days after arriving in NYC. His wife had recently died and the New York assembly refused to support him in the style he felt his rank deserved.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danvers_Osborn)

1810        Oct 12, Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig, later to become King Ludwig I, was married to Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen.  In honor of the wedding a horse race took place at the Theresienwiese (the Theresien meadow). The decision to repeat the horse races in subsequent years gave rise to the tradition of the Oktoberfest.
    (www.ofest.com/history.html)

1850        Oct 12, The 1st women's medical school, the Female Medical College of Pennsylvania, opened to students.
    (http://homeoint.org/cazalet/histo/pennsylvfem.htm)

1855        Oct 12, Arthur Nikisch, later conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic, was born in Szent-Miklos, Hungary.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1860        Oct 12, British and French troops captured Beijing.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1861        Oct 12, The Confederate ironclad Manassas attacked the northern ship Richmond on the Mississippi River. The Manassas was the Confederacy‘s first operational ironclad. Originally a New England tugboat called the Enoch Train, the ship was refit with iron sheathing and an iron prow for ramming. The underpowered ship was used in defense of New Orleans, finally being dispatched by the Union warship Mississippi.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(HNQ, 7/12/00)

1862        Oct 12, J.E.B. Stuart completed his "2nd ride around McClellan."
    (MC, 10/12/01)
1862        Oct 12, There was a skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1864        Oct 12, Roger B. Taney (b.1777), US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-1864), died after serving over 28 years. He favored state’s rights and voided laws limiting the rights of slaveholders. In the 1857 Dred Scott case Taney ruled that blacks as slaves could not become citizens of the US.
    (SFC, 9/6/05, p.A4)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/24/)

1868        Oct 12, Charles Sumner Greene, architect, was born.
    (HN, 10/12/00)

1870        Oct 12, Gen. Robert E. Lee (63) died in Lexington, Va. In 1998 David J. Eicher published "Robert E. Lee: A Life Portrait." In 2001 Michael Fellman authored "The Making of Robert E. Lee." In 2007 Elizabeth Brown Pryor authored “Reading the Man: A Portrait of Robert E. Lee Through His Private Letters.“
    (AP, 10/12/97)(SFEC, 4/19/98, Par p.20)(SSFC, 1/28/01, Par p.12)(WSJ, 5/15/07, p.D6)

1871        Oct 12, President Grant ordered the South Carolina Ku Klux Klan to disperse and disarm in five days.
    (AH, 6/03, p.31)

1872        Oct 12, Ralph Vaughan Williams, composer (Hugh the Drover), was born in Down Amp, England.
    (MC, 10/12/01)
1872        Oct 12, Chiricahua Apache leader Cochise (d.1874) signed a peace treaty with Special Indian Commissioner, General Oliver Otis Howard (1830-1909), in the Arizona Territory.
    (HN, 10/12/98)(ON, 4/07, p.8)

1875        Oct 12, Aleister [Edward S] Crowley, (75 pseudonyms), British occultist-American mystic, was born. In 2000 Lawrence Sutin authored “Do What Thou Wilt, A Life of Aleister Crowley."
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, BR p.12)(MC, 10/12/01)
1875        Oct 12, Mayan Indians attacked the Xuxub sugar plantation in the Yucatan and dozens of workers were killed or taken captive. Bernadino Cen, the Mayan leader, was killed when the Mexican National Guard arrived the next day. In 2004 Paul Sullivan authored “Xuxub Must Die."
    (WSJ, 5/13/04, p.D10)

1879        Oct 12, British troops occupied Kabul, Afghanistan.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1892        Oct 12, The American Pledge of Allegiance was 1st recited in public schools to commemorate Columbus Day. Francis Bellamy, a magazine editor of Rome, NY, wrote the "Pledge of Allegiance." [see Sep 8]
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, Z1 p.8)(Internet)

1899        Oct 12, The Anglo-Boer War began. [see Oct 11]
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1901        Oct 12, Theodore Roosevelt renamed the "Executive Mansion," to “The White House."
    (HNQ, 6/28/00)(MC, 10/12/01)

1914        Oct 12, The 1st battle at Ypres began.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1915        Oct 12, Former President Theodore Roosevelt criticized the concept of "hyphenated Americanism," referring to U.S. citizens who identified themselves by dual nationalities.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
1915        Oct 12, Ford Motor Company manufactured its 1 millionth Model T automobile.
    (MC, 10/12/01)
1915        Oct 12, British nurse Edith Cavell (47), despite international protests, was shot as a spy by a German firing squad in Brussels, Belgium. Cavell, the matron of a Brussels training school for nurses, was known for her compassion and sense of duty. As WWI broke out in Europe, Cavell helped 60 British student nurses return home but she remained in Belgium. Even though she knew that helping soldiers escape from German-occupied territory meant the death penalty, Cavell agreed when asked to participate in an escape ring that helped more than 200 fugitive Allied soldiers return home after the British Expeditionary Force's retreat from Mons. Such a large conspiracy could not long remain a secret and in August 1915, Cavell and 35 other members of her organization were arrested. At her hasty trial, she was condemned to death for "conducting soldiers to the enemy." Although their action may have been justified under the rules of war, the Germans seriously blundered when they shot Edith Cavell. Within days of her death, the selfless nurse was elevated to martyr status and the Germans were internationally condemned as "murdering monsters." A statue in St. Martin's Place, just off London's Trafalgar Square, is dedicated to Cavell. In 2010 Diana Souhami authored “Edith Cavell."
    (AP, 10/12/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Cavell)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.121)

1918        Oct 12, The 1st use of iron lung was at Boston's Children Hospital.
    (MC, 10/12/01)
1918        Oct 12, The Cloquet Fire erupted in Minnesota, claiming some 450 lives.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

1920        Oct 12, Construction began on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ and NYC.
    (MC, 10/12/01)
1920        Oct 12, Man O'War ran his last race and won.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1921        Oct 12, The Medal of Honor, emblem of highest ideals and virtues, is bestowed in the name of Congress of the United States of America upon the unknown, unidentified Italian soldier to be buried in the National Monument to Victor Emanuel II, in Rome.
    (http://homeofheroes.com/gravesites/unknowns/foreign_italy.html)
1921        Oct 12, The cruise ship City of Honolulu caught fire sailing from Honolulu to Long Beach. All on board were rescued.
    (SFC, 9/21/99, p.E4)

1924        Oct 12, Anatole France, French satiric master (Penguin Island, Revolt of the Angels, Thais), died at 80. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1921. 
    (WUD, 1994 p.563)(MC, 10/12/01)

1929        Oct 12, Richard Coles, child psychologist and author, was born.
    (HN, 10/12/00)

1931        Oct 12, The Rio de Janeiro 98-foot statue of Christ the Redeemer was unveiled atop Corcovado Mountain as a belated monument to 100 years of independence from Portugal (1822). It was designed by Brazilian artist Carlos Oswald and French sculptor Paul Landowski.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.T2)(SFC, 10/14/03, p.D7)

1932        Oct 12, Dick Gregory, comedian, social and political activist and dietician (Bahamian Diet), was born.
    (HN, 10/12/00)(MC, 10/12/01)

1933        Oct 12, The US Army left Alcatraz Island. In 1934 it reopened as a federal penitentiary.
    (OAH, 2/05, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcatraz_Island)
1933        Oct 12, Bank robber John Dillinger escaped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sheriff, Jess Sarber.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

1934        Oct 12, In San Francisco the new Coit Tower in Pioneer Park on Telegraph Hill opened to the public. At least 8 frescoes, painted by artists employed by the WPA, were washed out and eliminated because they were “architecturally inharmonious."
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.50)

1935        Oct 12, Luciano Pavarotti, Italian opera tenor, was born in Modena, Italy.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

1941        Oct 12, Russian government moved from Moscow to Volga as Nazis closed in on Moscow.
    (MC, 10/12/01)
1941        Oct 12, Thousands of Jews were killed in Ivano Frankivsk, Ukraine, by men of the Security Police (Sicherheitspolizei; SiPo), assisted by members of the German Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) and the railroad police.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivano-Frankivsk)

1942        Oct 12, During World War II, President Roosevelt delivered one of his so-called "fireside chats" in which he recommended drafting 18- and 19-year-old men.
    (AP, 10/12/99)
1942        Oct 12, US Navy defeated Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
1942        Oct 12, During World War II, Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that Italian nationals in the United States would no longer be considered enemy aliens.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1942        Oct 12, Louis Armstrong (40) married Lucille Wilson (24).
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.69)

1943        Oct 12, The Radio Corporation of America announced the divestment of the NBC Blue radio network to businessman Edward J. Noble for $8 million. Noble first called it just "The Blue Network." By Feb 1945 it was renamed the American Broadcasting Company.
    (NYT, 10/12/1943, P.23)(NYT, 10/17/1943, P. XII)
1943        Oct 12, The U.S. Fifth Army began an assault crossing of the Volturno River in Italy.
    (HN, 10/12/98)
1943        Oct 12, The US bombed Rabaul, New Britain (S. Pacific, Bismarck Archipelago).
    (WUD, 1994 p.962)(MC, 10/12/01)

1944        Oct 12, German army retreated from Athens.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1946        Oct 12, The cheapest sight and sound receivers on display carried a $225 price tag. For this Radio Corp. of America offered a table model set which showed a picture about four by five inches.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)
1946        Oct 12, Joseph W. Stilwell, US general in China, died.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1949        Oct 12, Eugenie Anderson became the first woman U.S. ambassador.
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1953        Oct 12, US and Greece signed a peace treaty that included US bases.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1955        Oct 12, Bernarr Macfadden (b.1868), weight-lifter and publisher born as Bernard MacFadden, died in New Jersey. His magazines included “True Story," which first appeared in 1919. In 2009 Mark Adams authored Mr. America: How Muscular Millionaire Bernarr Macfadden Transformed the Nation Through Sex, Salad, and the Ultimate Starvation Diet."
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.W10)(www.bernarrmacfadden.com/macfadden7.html)

1960        Oct 12, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev disrupted a UN General Assembly session by pounding his desk with a shoe when a speaker criticized his country.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

1962        Oct 12, Columbus Day storms washed out the 1962 World Series game at Candlestick Park in SF. A storm from the Gulf of Alaska took on moisture from Typhoon Freda and caused 4 days of rainouts during the World series.
    (SFCM, 9/25/05, p.4)(SFC, 11/3/12, p.A6)

1963        Oct 12, Archaeological digs began at Masada, Israel.
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1964        Oct 12, Mary Meyer, lover to John F. Kennedy up to his assassination, was brutally murdered on a walking path by the Potomac River. Her story is told in a 1996 book by John Davis “JFK and Mary Pinchot Meyer: A Tale of Two Murdered Lovers." In 1998 Nina Burleigh authored “A Very Private Woman: The Life and Unsolved Murder of Presidential Mistress Mary Meyer.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.E2)(SFEC, 12/12/98, BR p.4)
1964        Oct 12, The Soviet Union launched a Voskhod space capsule with a three-man crew on the first manned mission involving more than one crew member. Spaceship designer Konstantin Feoktistov (1926-2009), the only non-Communist space traveler in the history of the Soviet space program, traveled aboard the Voskhod as part of the first group space flight in history.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(AP, 11/22/09)

1967        Oct 12, In India a massive cyclone struck the rural Orissa state consisting of small villages. Basically all life (human and animal) and each structure was wiped out; the precise number of fatalities and destruction is unknown.
    (www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)

1968        Oct 12, Eq. Guinea gained Independence was from Spain. Eq. Guinea consists of two geographic entities: the mainland of Rio Muni and the island of Bioko, formerly Fernando Poo. Francisco Macias became the 1st president and proclaimed himself God’s "unique miracle." He drove the economy into the ground and over a third of the population went into exile.
    (www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/eqguinea.html)(WP, 6/29/96, p.A15)(SFC, 5/15/01, p.A10)
1968        Oct 12, The summer Games of the 19th Olympiad were officially opened in Mexico City by Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(HN, 10/12/98)

1969        Oct 12, Nancy Ann Kerrigan, figure skater, was born in Woburn, Mass. In 1994 she won an Olympics silver medal.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0449872/bio)
1969        Oct 12, Sonja Henie (b.1912), Norwegian ice skater (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36) and film star, died of leukemia on a flight from Paris to Oslo. Henie's career included a record 10 consecutive world championships.
    (SSFC, 10/5/03, Par p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonja_Henie)
1969        Oct 12, Serge Poliakoff (b.1900), Russian-born French modernist painter, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serge_Poliakoff)

1970        Oct 12, President Richard Nixon announced the pullout of 40,000 more American troops in Vietnam by Christmas.
    (HN, 10/12/98)
1970        Oct 12, In Quebec, Canada, the "October Crises" continued. PM Pierre Trudeau imposed martial law in Quebec and sent troops into Montreal because of bombings and killings by the Quebec Liberation Front.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(SFC, 12/27/97, p.A12)

1971        Oct 12, The rock opera "Jesus Christ Superstar" opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway. It closed July 1, 1973 after 711 performances.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com/rants/1012b-almanac.htm)
1971        Oct 12, The US House of Representatives passed the Equal Rights Amendment with a vote of 354 yeas, 24 nays and 51 not voting. It failed to gain ratification before the end of the deadline
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Rights_Amendment)
1971        Oct 12, Dean G. Acheson (b.1893), US secretary of state (1949-53), died in Maryland. In 2006 Robert L. Beisner authored “Dean Acheson: A Life in the Cold War."
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAacheson.htm)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.58)

1972        Oct 12, On the US aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk a series of incidents broke out wherein a group of blacks, armed with chains, wrenches, bars, broomsticks and other dangerous weapons, went marauding through sections of the ship disobeying orders to cease, terrorizing the crew, and seeking out white personnel for senseless beating with fists and with weapons which resulted in extremely serious injury to three men and the medical treatment of many more, including some blacks.
    (www.history.navy.mil/library/special/racial_incidents.htm)
1972        Oct 12, US House Resolution 16444, establishing the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA), was passed by Congress and was signed by President Richard Nixon 15 days later. The island of Alcatraz was incorporated into this park. California Congressman Phillip Burton pushed through legislation preserving thousands of acres of forested hills, valleys and rugged shoreline. Burton got Congress to agree to transfer the Presidio in San Francisco to the park service if the army ever pulled out.
    (www.sftravel.com/Alcatraz1950on.html)(SFEC, 6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A21)

1973        Oct 12, The ballet “Remembrances" by Robert Joffrey (1930-1988) premiered in NYC.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3nxhm3)
1973        Oct 12, President Nixon nominated House minority leader Gerald R. Ford of Michigan to succeed Spiro T. Agnew as vice president.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1973        Oct 12, Juan Peron was inaugurated as president of Argentina.
    (http://vietnamnews.vnagency.com.vn/2004-10/12/Columns/In%20History.htm)

1975        Oct 12, Archbishop Oliver Plunkett (1625-1681) became the 1st Irish-born saint in 700 years. He was beheaded by Cromwell's troops.
    (www.archatl.com/parishes/saintoliverplunkett_snellville.html)

1976        Oct 12, It was announced in China that Hua Guo-feng (1921-2008) had been named to succeed the late Mao Tse-tung as chairman of the Communist Party. He was effectively stripped of his powers in 1978 and formally lost the chairmanship in 1981.
    (AP, 10/12/01)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7572298.stm)

1977        Oct 12, The US government passed the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) which required banks to serve their entire community. The intent was to ensure that adequate loans were made to low and moderate income neighborhoods and that those areas had access to bank branches and other banking services.
    (www.newrules.org/finance/cra.html)
1977        Oct 12, The US Supreme Court ruled that communities have a right to prevent commuters from parking in residential neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.E7)
1977        Oct 12, US Supreme Court heard arguments in the "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke (35), a white student denied admission to U of California Med School.
    (www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1977/1977_76_811/)

1978        Oct 12, Representatives of Israel and Egypt opened talks in Washington.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/time70s.html#1978)
1978        Oct 12, Nancy Spungen (b.1958), girlfriend of Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious, was found dead on the bathroom floor of their NYC hotel room. She had bled to death from a single stab wound to the abdomen.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy_Spungen)
1978        Oct 12, In Uganda Idi Amin escaped an 11th assassination attempt.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1984        Oct 12, The US Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 was signed into law. It established the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund to receive the proceeds of forfeiture and to pay the costs associated with such forfeitures.
    (http://www.justice.gov/jmd/afp/02fundreport/02_2.html)
1984        Oct 12, The IRA bombed the hotel where PM Margaret Thatcher was staying in Brighton. Thatcher escaped but five people were killed. Patrick McGee was sentenced to 8 life sentences for his role in the bombing. McGee was freed in 1999 as part of the Northern Ireland peace accord.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(SFC, 6/23/99, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/bxt64)

1986        Oct 12, The superpower meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland, ended in stalemate, with President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev unable to agree on arms control or a date for a full-fledged summit in the United States.
    (AP, 10/12/97)

1987        Oct 12, In Houston, Vice President George Bush formally launched his quest for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1987        Oct 12, Former Kansas Gov. Alfred "Alf" M. Landon, who ran for president against Franklin Roosevelt, died at his Topeka home at age 100.
    (AP, 10/12/97)

1988        Oct 12, US federal prosecutors announced that Sundstrand Corp. had agreed to plead guilty to fraud charges and pay a $115 million settlement for overbilling the Pentagon for airplane parts over five years.
    (HN, 10/12/98)
1989        Oct 12, The US House approved a statutory federal ban on desecration of the American flag. The Senate defeated the measure a week later.
    (AP, 10/12/99)
1989        Oct 12, Jay Ward (b.1920), cartoonist, died. He and Bill Scott produced the 1959 TV show "Rocky and His Friends," which featured Rocket J. Squirrel and Bullwinkle J. Moose.
    {Cartoons, USA, TV}
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, DB p.63)(http://members.shaw.ca/fffff/ward.html)

1990        Oct 12, The Cincinnati Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-to-1.
    (AP, 10/12/00)
1990        Oct 12, Wolfgang Schauble (b.1942), German politician, was the target of an assassination attempt by Dieter Kaufmann, who fired 3 shots at Schäuble after an election campaign event in Oppenau. Schauble was left paralyzed from the waist down. In 2009 he was appointed finance minister under Chancellor Angel Merkel.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Sch%C3%A4uble)
1990        Oct 12, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to condemn Israel’s security forces for killing 17 Palestinian demonstrators on the Temple Mount.
    (AP, 10/12/00)

1991        Oct 12, Testifying for a second day on sexual harassment charges leveled by law professor Anita Hill, Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas told the Senate Judiciary Committee he'd “rather die than withdraw," and repeated his denial of Hill's allegations.
    (AP, 10/12/01)

1992        Oct 12, Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico began a microwave search for occupied planets.
    (www.planetary.org/explore/topics/seti/seti_history_12.html)
1992        Oct 12, A 5.8 earthquake hit Cairo and at least 510 people died.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(http://io.ingrm.it/amminist/annali/elenean433.htm)

1993        Oct 12, The Toronto Blue Jays won their second straight American League pennant, defeating the Chicago White Sox in six games.
    (HN, 10/12/98)
1993        Oct 12, Hundreds of militant right-wingers in Haiti cheered as an American warship retreated in a major setback for a U.N. mission to restore democracy.
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1994        Oct 12,     American Clifford G. Shull and Canadian Bertram N. Brockhouse won the Nobel physics prize; American George A. Olah won the Nobel chemistry prize.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
1994        Oct 12, The Magellan space probe ended its four-year mapping mission of Venus, plunging into the planet's atmosphere.
    (TV, 10/17/95)(AP, 10/12/99)
1994        Oct 12, Panama granted political asylum to ousted Haitian military leader Raoul Cedras.
    (AP, 10/12/99)

1995        Oct 12, After a 2-day delay, the US-brokered cease-fire in Bosnia-Herzegovina went into effect a minute after midnight. Fighting continued over contested towns in northwest Bosnia.
    (SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/12/00)

1996        Oct 12, President Clinton signed into law the Water Resources Development Act, which authorized federal water projects across the country.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1996        Oct 12, Thousands of Hispanic Americans marched in Washington to push for simplified citizenship procedures and a seven-dollar minimum wage.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1996        Oct 12, Followers of Sri Chimnoy, dedicated to int'l. peace and freedom through physical fitness, hung a brass plaque with a free verse poem in an alcove the lobby of the Statue of Liberty.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A6)
1996        Oct 12, In Ecuador Pres. Abdala Bucaram released his debut Rock ‘n’ Roll CD this week: “A Madman in Love."
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 12, In New Zealand elections voters delivered a split verdict on conservative rule. Jenny Shipley was made prime minister and ruled for 2 years.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A21)
1996        Oct 12, Theodore Miriung, head of the Bougainville Transitional Government of Papua, New Guinea, was assassinated.
    (SFC, 10/16/96, p.A10)

1997        Oct 12, Pres. Clinton met Pres. Rafael Caldera of Venezuela on the first stop of his trip to South America. It was reported that Venezuela handles some 100 metric tons of cocaine and 10 metric tons of heroin from Columbia to the US.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A14) (HN, 10/12/98)
1997        Oct 12, In SF a rock concert organized by Chet Helms was planned in Golden Gate Park to commemorate the 30-year anniversary of the “Be-In." [see 1/14/67] An estimated 10,000 people gathered for the concert.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.E1)
1997        Oct 12, John Denver (53), singer and songwriter, died after his Long-EZ aircraft crashed into the ocean near Monterey, Ca. He was born as Henry John Deutschendorf Jr. and came to prominence as a member of the Chad Mitchell Trio. He wrote the song “Leavin’ on a Jet Plane," that became a hit for Peter, Paul and Mary.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A1,13)
1997        Oct 12, In Bosnia elections were scheduled by Pres. Plavsic.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 12, In Jerusalem an Arab toddler received the heart of a Jewish boy killed in a bicycle-auto accident.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 12, In the Republic of Congo Angolan troops backed the rebels in an offensive around southern cities. Rebels surrounded Brazzaville and Gen’l. Jean-Marie Tiaffou urged government troops to surrender. There were reports that Angola’s UNITA rebels were backing Pres. Lissouba.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A12)

1998        Oct 12, A record 974-pound pumpkin won the Great Pumpkin Weigh-Off in Half Moon Bay, Ca. It was raised from an Atlantic Giant seed by Lincoln Mettler of Eatonville, Wa.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Oct 12, The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to 3 Americans, Robert F. Furchgott (82), Louis Ignarro (57) and Ferid Murad (62), for their work on nitric oxide gas in biochemical functions in the human body.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1,13)
1998        Oct 12, An American law protecting sea turtles was overturned by an appeals panel of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 12, Matthew Shepard (21), a gay student at the University of Wyoming, died in fort Collins, Colorado, five days after he was beaten and lashed to a fence; two men were charged with his murder. Russell Henderson later pleaded guilty to murder and kidnapping; a second suspect, Aaron McKinney, was convicted of felony murder, kidnapping and aggravated robbery. McKinney was sentenced to 2 life terms.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/99)(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A1)
1998        Oct 12, In Santa Monica, Ca., Horst Fietze, a German tourist, was killed by robbers as he strolled with his wife on an ocean promenade. In 2009 Paul Carpenter (31), a suspect in the murder, was arrested in Jamaica. Three others had already been convicted and sentenced for their roles in the killing.
    (SFC, 2/13/09, p.B6)
1998        Oct 12, Canada planned to begin discussion with Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Liechtenstein for the first trans-Atlantic free-trade pact.
    (WSJ, 10/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 12, In France thousands of high-school students demonstrated for more teachers and school equipment.
    (WSJ, 10/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 12, In Iran the Khordad Foundation raised its reward for the killing of Salman Rushdie to $2.8 million.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 12, In Japan the parliament approved banking legislation that would allow the government to nationalize failing banks.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 12, A protest was planned at the Mexican border against plans to put low-level radioactive waste at Sierra Blanca in Texas, 16 miles from the border. This appeared to be in violation of the 1983 La Paz Treaty in which the US and Mexico agreed to reduce pollution within 60 miles of their common frontier.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)   
1998        Oct 12, In Sierra Leone a military court condemned 34 officers to death for their participation in a 1997 coup.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 12, Yugoslav Pres. Milosevic agreed to withdraw troops from Kosovo and allow int’l. verification as NATO prepared to authorize air strikes if he does not comply.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)

1999        Oct 12, Professors Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman of the Netherlands won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of mathematical tools to calculate properties of fundamental particles. From 1981 to his retirement in 1997, Veltman was an active member of the Univ. of Michigan physics department.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A2)(MT, Fall/99, p.7)
1999        Oct 12, Ahmed H. Zewail, an Egyptian chemist at the California Inst. of Tech., won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for finding a way to freeze-frame the private matings of molecules using ultra fast laser probes.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A2)
1999        Oct 12, It was reported that Calvin Klein would soon begin marketing "dirty jeans" for as much as $78 retail.
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 12, The world population was projected to reach 6 billion. This day was declared by the UN as the Day of 6 Billion. The designated 6 billionth baby was born in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A19)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.A10)   
1999        Oct 12, Wilt Chamberlain, basketball legend and Hall-of-Famer Wilt “The Stilt," died at age 63 in Bel Air, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/00)
1999        Oct 12, In Burundi Hutu rebels attacked a UN humanitarian convoy and killed 9 people at the Muzye refugee camp in Rutana.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 12, In Hong Kong it was reported that a $2.6 billion Cyberport was to be developed beginning in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 12, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf led a military coup after PM Shariff tried to fire him and replace him with Gen'l. Zia Uddin. Musharraf avoided martial law and left the parliament intact. Sharif refused to let a passenger plane land in Karachi with 198 people aboard that included Gen. Musharraf. The coup cut short a Pakistani commando operation set up by the CIA to get Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. In 2009 the Pakistani Supreme Court acquitted Sharif of hijacking charges.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A21)(SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A10)(SFC, 7/18/09, p.A2)
1999        Oct 12, Bjorn Soderberg (b.1958), a member of a Swedish far-left union, was shot and killed. Prosecutors said the killing was revenge for the Soderberg's public denouncement of a co-worker who belonged to a neo-Nazi organization. In 2000 three men, including Hampus Hellekant, were convicted in the fatal shooting. Hellekant served 7 years in prison and in 2007 was admitted to the medical school of the Karolinska institute under the name Karl Svensson. He was expelled after 4 months when his former identity was revealed.
    (AP, 1/25/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bj%C3%B6rn_S%C3%B6derberg)

2000        Oct 12, The Nobel Prize in literature was won by Gao Xingjian (60), an exiled Chinese writer living in Paris. His novels include “Soul Mountain," based on a 1986 walking tour along the Yangtze River.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 12, Pres. Clinton lifted key economic sanctions against Serbia.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 12, The Clinton administration and North Korea issued a joint communique asserting a decision to “fundamentally improve" their relations.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A17)
2000        Oct 12, The DJIA fell 379.21 (3.6%) to 10,034, while the NASDAQ fell 93.81 (3%) to 3074 in response to the Middle East crises.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 12, A US Navy destroyer, the USS Cole, refueling in Yemen suffered an enormous explosion in what appeared to be a terrorist attack. Initial reports had at least 6 sailors killed with 11 missing. The death toll was revised to 17. The 8,600-ton Cole was returned to the US aboard the Norwegian ship Blue Marlin. In 2001 a video tape by "Al-Sahab Productions" circulated among Muslim militants with footage of the bombed vessel. The Cole returned to active duty in 2003 following $250 million in repairs. In 2007 Walid Muhammad bin Attash told a military tribunal at Guantanamo that he was responsible for organizing the Cole attack as well as the 1998 bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. In 2014 Abd al-Rahm al Nashiri (49) of Saudi Arabia faced trial for orchestrating the bombing.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/14/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A12)(SFC, 6/20/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/1/03, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.A3)(SFC, 3/5/14, p.A6)
2000        Oct 12, In Chechnya a car bomb exploded outside a Grozny police stations and at least 10 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)
2000        Oct 12, In Ecuador suspected Columbian FARC guerrillas kidnapped 5 Americans and 5 other foreign oil workers, hijacked a helicopter, and crossed back to Columbia. It was later suspected that the kidnappers were Ecuadoran criminals rather than Colombian guerrillas. One American was later killed and 2 Frenchmen escaped.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A17)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 12, The Palestinian Authority released hundreds of prisoners including senior Islamic militants.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A5)
2000        Oct 12, A mob of Palestinians beat at least 2 Israeli reserve soldiers to death. Israeli helicopters fired missiles at targets in Gaza in retaliation. Two reservist soldiers, Cpl. Vadim Norjitz (33) and Yossi Avrahami (38) were on their way to their army base in the West Bank in October 2000 but took a wrong turn and ended up in Ramallah. Israel later arrested at least four suspects in the killing. In 2007 a 5th suspect, Ayman Zaban, was caught in an upscale neighborhood of the northern West Bank city of Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 9/26/07)

2001        Oct 12, Kofi Annan, Sec. Gen. of the UN, and the UN itself won the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 12, US Attorney General John Ashcroft urged federal agencies to resist most Freedom of Information Act requests made by American citizens. The act was passed in 1974 during the Watergate scandal
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.D4)
2001        Oct 12, NBC announced that an assistant to anchorman Tom Brokaw had contracted the skin form of anthrax after opening a "threatening" letter to her boss that contained a suspicious powder.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/02)
2001        Oct 12, Polaroid Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2001        Oct 12, Taliban leaders withdrew over $6 million from the Kabul Da Afghanistan Bank.
    (SFC, 1/8/02, p.A11)
2001        Oct 12, The British government officially announced that 3 Protestant paramilitary forces in Northern Ireland had ended a 7-year cease fire.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 12, China put limits on air travel to citizens of 19 countries, mainly in the Middle East.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 12, In Colombia AUC paramilitary shot and killed 5 men and 2 women in the town of Piamonte. The army reported that it had discovered14 bodies in a single grave in the town of Albania.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.C1)
2001        Oct 12, In Iran anti-American protests surged on the Afghan border in Zahedan, the provincial capital of Sistan-Baluchistan.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 12, Iran defeated Iraq 1-0 in a soccer match. Demonstrations erupted after the game against the Shiite theocracy and continued following successive soccer matches. At least 2 thousand young people were arrested over the next 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A22)
2001        Oct 12, Israeli and Palestinian officials resumed peace talks. Thousands of Palestinians held marches in the West Bank cities of Ramallah and Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A13)
2001        Oct 12, In Nigeria the mutilated bodies of 19 abducted soldiers were found in Benue state.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C16)
2001        Oct 12, In Pakistan anti-American violence erupted in Karachi.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 12, In Spain a bombing caused wide damage in Madrid. Basque separatists were suspected.
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 12, The US indicated it would aid Uzbekistan if it were attacked. Uzbekistan was the first among Central Asian nations to allow the US to use its airspace and deploy troops on its territory for the anti-terrorism war in Afghanistan after the Sept. 11 attacks. The United States set up a military base in southern Uzbekistan, deploying hundreds of troops there.
    (WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A16)(AP, 3/30/04)
2001        Oct 12, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe imposed a price freeze on basic foods following cuts of 5-20% on basic items.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)

2002        Oct 12, Ray Conniff (85), band leader of "easy-listening" hits, died in Escondido, Ca.
    (WSJ, 10/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 12, It was reported that 164,000 Eritrean refugees had begun returning home from camps in Sudan. Some 60,000 had already returned since 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Oct 12, In western India 4 people were killed as Hindus and Muslims clashed in the town of Solapur in continuing violence triggered after U.S. preacher Jerry Falwell called the Prophet Mohammad a terrorist.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 12, In Indonesia a car bomb ripped through the Sari Club at the Kuta Beach resort packed with foreign tourists on the island of Bali, sparking a blaze that killed 202 people and injured 300 others. It was the worst terrorist act in Indonesia's history. Authorities said a second bomb exploded near the island's U.S. consular office. An estimated 100 victims were from Australia. Imam Samudra was later charged with engineering the blast. In 2004 Samudra (34) published a jailhouse autobiography “Me Against the Terrorist," in which he called for fellow Muslim radicals to take the holy war to cyberspace. In 2005 Sally Neighbour authored “In the Shadow of Swords: How Islamic Terrorists Declared War on Australia."
    (AP, 10/13/02)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/04, p.W1)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.83)
2002        Oct 12, Kuwait's interior minister said that 15 Kuwaitis in police custody had confessed to a deadly attack on U.S. Marines, but that no firm link has been established between them and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 12, Seven Filipino soldiers died and 25 others were wounded in a fierce clash with Muslim rebels deep in the jungle of southern Sulu island.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 12, Dolma Tsering won the first Miss Tibet beauty pageant, an event its organizers said would reinforce Tibetan identity.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)  
2002        Oct 12, In Ukraine tens of thousands of protesters laid out their charges against President Leonid Kuchma at a "people's tribunal", and opposition lawmakers said prosecutors promised to review their complaints.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2003        Oct 12, In Bolivia violence erupted at El Alto when the military tried to break a blockade against gas trucks bound for Chile. The death toll grew to 59 after 4 days of clashes at El Alto.
    (http://bolivia.indymedia.org/es/2003/10/3225.shtml)
    (SFC, 10/15/03, p.A11)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)
2003        Oct 12, Some 70,000 employees of Ralphs, Vons and Albertsons grocery stores began a strike in southern California, Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia and Ohio. Health care costs were a main issue. Workers approved an agreement for southern California on Feb 29, 2004.
    (SFC, 10/14/03, p.B2)(SFC, 11/5/03, p.B1)(SFC, 3/1/04, p.A5)
2003        Oct 12, Doctors in Dallas succeeded in separating two-year-old Egyptian conjoined twins.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2003        Oct 12, Joan Kroc (75), widow of McDonald's founder Ray Kroc, died near San Diego. On Nov 6 it was announced that she had left over $200 million for National Public Radio.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 12, Bill Shoemaker (72), Hall of Fame jockey, died in San Marino, Calif.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2003        Oct 12, In Baku, Azerbaijan, some 50,000 people protested Pres. Aliev's attempt to transfer power to his son in upcoming elections.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A11)
2003        Oct 12, In Belarus a patient at a mental hospital set fire to the building, killing 30 people and injuring 31.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, In Bolivia violence erupted at El Alto when the military tried to break a blockade against gas trucks bound for Chile. The death toll grew to 59 after 4 days of clashes at El Alto. Finance Ministry officials began a 3-day withdrawal of 13.7 million bolivianos (US$1.8 million). In 2006 Marcela Nogales, the central bank manager, was jailed for releasing the money, which facilitated a military crackdown. In 2011 Bolivia's highest court convicted five former top military commanders of genocide for an army crackdown on the riots that killed at least 64 civilians. It gave them prison sentences ranging from 10 to 15 years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/onpns)(SFC, 10/15/03, p.A11)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)(AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 8/30/11)
2003        Oct 12, British wartime hero Patrick Dalzel-Job, whose exploits made him a model for James Bond, died in Plockton, Scotland, at age 90.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2003        Oct 12, In China Ma Yong (43), was arrested and accused of robbing and killing 12 women in southern China over a five-month period, preying on job seekers in the boomtown of Shenzhen. Duan Zhiqun (20), his female partner, was arrested Oct 23.
    (AP, 11/11/03)
2003        Oct 12, In southern China an explosion in a coal mine killed 7 miners, while the bodies of 4 miners killed in an underground flood were pulled from a shaft in a central province.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, In Colombia government forces battled rebels and right-wing paramilitaries in several locations in heavy fighting that killed 27 gunmen and two soldiers.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 12, Germany won the Women's Soccer World Cup 2-1 over Sweden in the eighth minute of overtime.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2003        Oct 12, In Baghdad a suicide attacker, stopped from reaching a hotel full of Americans, detonated his car bomb on a commercial avenue, killing six bystanders and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, Renato Rinino (41), a professional Italian thief who gained notoriety for stealing jewelry from Prince Charles' London palace in 1994, was shot and killed in Savona.
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, In the Philippines Fathur Rohman Al-Ghozi, terrorist bombmaker for Jemaah Islamiyah, was killed in a shootout with police in Pigcauayan.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A7)
2003        Oct 12, In northern Spain 2 bombs exploded in a parking lot, destroying 11 freight trucks. No one was injured in the blast blamed on the armed Basque separatist group ETA,
    (AP, 10/12/03)
2003        Oct 12, Taiwan's dwindling number of diplomatic allies shrank by one as Liberia switched ties to the island's rival, China. This reduced Taiwan's recognition to 26 nations, most of them small, developing countries in Africa and Latin America.
    (AP, 10/12/03)

2004        Oct 12, The Seattle Storm won their first WNBA title with a 74-60 victory over the Connecticut Sun.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2004        Oct 12, A jury in Baton Rouge, La., took 80 minutes to find suspected serial killer Derrick Todd Lee guilty of first-degree murder in the death of 22-year-old Charlotte Murray Pace. Lee was later sentenced to death for Pace's killing.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2004        Oct 12, In Canada tens of thousands of public servants were on strike across the country as negotiators for the federal government and their union continued marathon talks.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2004        Oct 12, Iranian vice president Mohammad Ali Abtahi, who was a close ally of reformist President Mohammad Khatami, resigned, saying he could not work with the conservative-dominated parliament.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2004        Oct 12, A videotape surfaced on the Internet showing what was said to be the confession and beheading of an Arab Shiite Muslim, presumably Iraqi, who was accused of serving the U.S. Army by "assassinating Sunni leaders." US warplanes hit Fallujah and knocked out the celebrated Haji Hussein kebab restaurant killing the owner’s son and nephew.
    (AP, 10/12/04)(SFC, 10/13/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 12, Police found 7 young people slumped over dead in a parked van outside Tokyo in what was believed to be Japan's biggest-ever group suicide. Another 2 people were found dead in a rented car parked in Yokosuka.
    (AP, 10/12/04)(SFC, 10/13/04, p.A2)
2004        Oct 12, Pakistan successfully test-fired a medium-range, nuclear-capable missile that would be able to hit most cities in neighboring India.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
2004        Oct 12, in northwest Pakistan an attacker tossed a grenade into a wedding ceremony at the home of an Afghan refugee, killing four people and injuring 35.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2005        Oct 12, Human Rights Watch reported that 2,225 inmates in the US were serving life-without-parole terms for crimes committed when they were under 18. California had 180 prisoners serving such sentences for murders committed when they were 17 or 18.
    (SFC, 10/13/05, p.B3)
2005        Oct 12-2005 Oct 13, US federal agents in Operation Long Whine arrested 28 people and seized 1,300 pounds of cocaine during an overnight raid in Atlanta.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 12, Bridgestone Firestone North American Tire said it has agreed to pay $240 million to Ford Motor Co. to settle claims related to the tiremaker's 2000 recall of defective tires.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A fire at the Wines Central warehouse in Vallejo, Ca., destroyed tens of million of dollars worth of vintage wine. An estimated 6 million bottles were in storage there. On Oct 18 investigators said the fire was deliberately set. In 2007 Mark Anderson (58), a Sausalito businessman, was charged with setting the fire. In 2009 Anderson pleaded guilty to arson and 18 other counts. On Feb 7, 2012, Anderson was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/13/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/19/05, p.B1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.A1)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)(SFC, 2/8/12, p.C1)
2005        Oct 12, In Afghanistan 5 medical workers were killed by gunmen near Kandahar. Pres. Karzai said he believes insurgents are receiving support from the nation's booming drug trade.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The British government unveiled sweeping anti-terrorism legislation designed to crack down on Islamic extremism, raising concerns from Muslim leaders, opposition parties and legal experts about the potential for infringing on civil liberties.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A rocket carrying two Chinese astronauts blasted off from a base in China's desert northwest Gansu province, returning the country's manned space program to orbit two years after its history-making first flight.
    (AP, 10/12/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.46)
2005        Oct 12, In eastern China a man armed with homemade guns opened fire at a primary school, injuring 16 students before escaping.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 12, Tens of thousands of trade union workers and Indians took to the streets of Colombia's main cities to protest a proposed free trade pact with the US, accusing President Alvaro Uribe of selling out the country.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Costa Rica the InterAmerican Human Rights court, announced that it has ordered Colombia to pay damages in the 1997 massacre of dozens of Mapiripan villagers by right-wing paramilitary fighters.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Egypt a sit-in by hundreds of Sudanese refugees outside the offices of the UNHCR in the Cairo entered its 14th day, even as the agency insisted it could not meet their asylum demands. Some 14,400 Sudanese refugees were registered in Egypt.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The European Commission said companies that want to sell music online in the European Union can now get a single license to operate in all 25 member states.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The EU agreed to legally require telecommunications companies to keep records of phone and e-mail traffic for up to one year as part of the bloc's anti-terrorist campaign.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, The European Commission presented a new development aid strategy focused primarily on easing poverty in Africa and on holding EU member states to their promises to double aid to the continent.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he will not participate in Germany's new coalition government, ending seven years in power marked by a newly assertive foreign policy and efforts to prune welfare benefits that were a drag on Europe's biggest economy.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, kidnappers shot and killed businessman Archange Honore, on a busy street after he resisted being taken, then sped off in his car with his wife and 2 children.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 12, Iraq’s President Jalal Talabani and other top politicians praised as "historic" the last-minute compromises that negotiators reached on the draft constitution and urged Iraqis to vote "yes" in this weekend's referendum.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A suicide bomber killed 30 Iraqis at an army recruiting center. An explosion shut down an oil pipeline near the northern city of Beiji.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Officials said former Finance Minister Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf and soccer star George Weah emerged as early front-runners in Liberia's first post-war elections.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A Dutch court blocked the extradition of a Dutch terror suspect to the United States, saying his legal rights in U.S. custody could not be guaranteed.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, A build up of pollution from factories and old cars caused a wave of smog that enveloped much of Lagos, Nigeria's largest city.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 12, Masked Palestinian gunmen kidnapped a US and a British journalist in the Gaza Strip. Both men were freed in the evening.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, An explosion hit a distillery in Russia's Ingushetia region and there were casualties. A police spokesman called the blast a terrorist act.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In Somalia 6 armed men hijacked the MV Miltzow, a ship carrying food aid, as it was unloading at the port of Merka, marking the second such incident in recent months.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, In South Korea the president's office said South Korea has proposed talks to take back wartime control of its military from the United States.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Ghazi Kanaan, Syria's interior minister, died. He was one of several top officials caught up in the UN investigation into the slaying of Lebanon's former prime minister. The country's official news agency said he committed suicide in his office.
    (AP, 10/12/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 12, Vietnam presented donor nations an emergency six-month plan to battle bird flu, amid fears of a new outbreak of the deadly disease and delays in a poultry vaccination scheme.
    (AFP, 10/12/05)
2005        Oct 12, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez ordered a U.S.-based Christian missionary group working with indigenous tribes to leave the country, accusing the organization of "imperialist infiltration" and links to the CIA. Chavez said missionaries of the New Tribes Mission, based in Sanford, Fla., were no longer welcome during a ceremony in a remote Indian village where he presented property titles to several indigenous groups.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2006        Oct 12, The United States introduced a draft resolution in the UN Security Council to punish North Korea for its nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2006        Oct 12, America's trade deficit hit an all-time high, $69.9 billion for August, as record imports of oil swamped a solid gain in US exports. The politically sensitive deficit with China set a record, a point that Democrats are sure to use in attacking President Bush's trade policies in the closing weeks of the battle for Congress.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, It was reported that Coke planned to introduce its new drink Evigna, a green-tea based soft drink, in November with claims that it could help burn off calories.
    (WSJ, 10/12/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 12, A blast occurred when a tugboat pushing two barges hit an undersea pipeline in West Cote Blanche Bay, 100 miles southwest of New Orleans. 4 bodies were found and 2 people were missing.
    (WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 12, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a vehicle carrying Afghan soldiers, wounding 16 people. A car bomb targeting a US patrol wounded three civilians. An Afghan soldier was killed in a separate ambush. NATO-led forces and Afghan troops clashed with suspected Taliban militants in southern Afghanistan, leaving as many as 20 suspected insurgents dead.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 12, More than 100 wildfires raged across Australia, sending firefighters scrambling to protect homes and farmland.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, Dhiran Barot (32), a British man arrested in August, 2004, pleaded guilty to conspiring to bomb high-profile targets in the US including the International Monetary Fund headquarters in Washington and the New York Stock Exchange.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, In Colombia hundreds of Bari Indians, most clad in loincloths and carrying bows and arrows, came down from the hills in their first march ever to demand that the state-owned oil company stop drilling on sacred land abutting their reservation.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, Scientists said a mouse living in the Troodos Mountains of western Cyprus, that predates the arrival of man, represents a new species, Mus cypriacus.
    (SFC, 10/13/06, p.A13)
2006        Oct 12, French lawmakers approved a bill making it a crime to deny that the 1915-1919 mass killings of Armenians in Turkey amounted to genocide. It was thought unlikely that Jacques Chirac’s government would forward the bill to the Senate.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.A21)
2006        Oct 12, Georgia blocked the next round of talks on Russia's bid to join the World Trade Organization in retaliation for Moscow's blockade of its small southern neighbor.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, Gunmen stormed the headquarters of a new Sunni Arab satellite television station, killing the board chairman and 10 others, the second attack on an Iraqi station in the capital in as many weeks.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, An Israeli drone fired two missiles at a crowd of Palestinians in a pre-dawn in the Gaza Strip, killing at least 3 Hamas militants and 3 bystanders including a father and his 13-year-old son. An Israeli airstrike targeting the home of Ashraf Farwana, a senior Hamas militant, killed his brother and a 2-year-old girl.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(SFC, 10/13/06, p.A17)
2006        Oct 12, In Italy the government of Romano Prodi approved a bill to erode the near-monopoly over private television exercised by Silvio Berlusconi, who controls 3 of the country’s 4 main private channels.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.61)
2006        Oct 12, Gillo Pontecorvo (b.1919), Italian filmmaker, died in Rome at age 86. He directed the black-and-white classic "The Battle of Algiers" (1966).
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 12, Madonna and her husband took custody of a motherless 1-year-old boy in Malawi after a judge granted her an 18-month interim order to take David Banda out of the country. The next day Madonna jetted out of Malawi, leaving behind the 13-month-old boy she planned to adopt. The swift granting of the interim order angered some rights groups which called upon the Malawian government to put the order on hold in the interests of the child's future. Banda left Malawi on a small private jet Oct16.
    (SFC, 10/13/06, p.E15)(AFP, 10/13/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 12, Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk won the Nobel literature prize for his works dealing with the symbols of clashing cultures. His uncommon lyrical gifts and uncompromising politics have brought him acclaim worldwide and prosecution at home.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, The UN said it has temporarily pulled international staff out of parts of Somalia controlled by Islamic radicals after receiving written threats.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2006        Oct 12, In Vietnam the Lao Dong (Labour) newspaper quoted a police doctor as saying tests in September confirmed that Nguyen Thi Oanh (39), a convicted heroin trafficker, was then 11 weeks pregnant. The death row inmate had been held in solitary confinement for almost a year.
    (Reuters, 10/12/06)

2007        Oct 12, Former Vice President Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for spreading awareness of man-made climate change and laying the foundations for counteracting it.
    (AP, 10/12/07)(SFC, 10/13/07, p.A8)
2007        Oct 12, The US FDA approved Isentress, a new drug by Merck to fight AIDS. Raltegravir, its generic name, represented a new class of AIDS drugs known as integrase inhibitors.
    (SFC, 10/13/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 12, Two men were sentenced to prison in the first successful criminal prosecution under the CAN-SPAM Act. James R. Schaffer, 41, of Paradise Valley, Arizona, and Jeffrey A. Kilbride, 41, of Venice, California, were convicted in June of fraud, conspiracy, money laundering, and obscenity. Last week, the judge in the case sentenced Schaffer to 63 months and Kilbride to 72 months in federal prison.
    (www.newsfactor.com/story.xhtml?story_id=1000096UTGDC)
2007        Oct 12, In Norristown, Pa., Michele Cossey (46), the mother of a 14-year-old who authorities say had a cache of guns, knives and explosive devices in his bedroom for a possible school attack, was charged with buying her son 3 weapons. Authorities said the teenager felt bullied and tried to recruit another boy for a possible attack at Plymouth Whitemarsh High School.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, A consortium headed by Richard Branson and his Virgin Group Ltd. submitted a proposal to Northern Rock PLC for an equity swap that would see the struggling mortgage lender rebranded as Virgin Money.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, In southern California 28 commercial vehicles and one passenger vehicle were involved in the crash in the southbound truck tunnel of Interstate 5 that killed three people and injured at least 10.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 12, In Algeria a police officer was assassinated in one of two attacks in the northern Tizi Ouzou region. At about the same time, five soldiers were injured when Islamists fired at a military checkpoint near the neighboring town of Boghni.
    (AFP, 10/15/07)
2007        Oct 12, State media said Chinese authorities plan to move some 4 million more rural residents from behind the Three Gorges Dam in recognition of environmental and economic problems spawned by the giant project.
    (AFP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, In Costa Rica heavy rains caused a landslide that killed 10 people.
    (WSJ, 10/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 12, Half of Germany's commuter and regional trains were brought to a standstill by a train drivers' pay strike that caused chaos in many major cities.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, In Haiti a rain-swollen river flooded a town killing at least 20 people.
    (WSJ, 10/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 12, The government of India, under pressure from opposition, indicated that that they would rather shelve a nuclear energy deal with the US rather than risk a general election.
    (Econ, 10/27/07, p.51)
2007        Oct 12, A parked car bomb went off near a police patrol in a central Baghdad shopping district, killing four people, including two policemen, as Iraq's Sunnis began marking the Eid al-Fit holiday that ends the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. In northern Iraq, a bomb planted among toys in a cart left near a children's playground in the religiously mixed city of Tuz Khormato, killing 2 children and wounding 17 others.
    (AP, 10/12/07)(Reuters, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, In Mexico more than 1,000 police officers in riot gear blocked street vendors from setting up stands selling knockoff purses and pirated DVDs, clearing Mexico City's clogged historic center for the first time in more than a decade.
    (AP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 12, Myanmar PM Gen. Sue Win (59), reviled for his role in a bloody attack on opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her followers in 2003, died after a long illness. Myanmar's military junta rejected a UN statement calling for negotiations with the opposition, insisting that it would follow its own plan to bring democracy to the country.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, The Netherlands said it will ban the sale of hallucinogenic mushrooms, rolling back one element of the country's permissive drug policy after a teenager on a school visit jumped to her death after taking the narcotic.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, Pakistan’s Supreme Court refused to suspend a corruption amnesty for former PM Benazir Bhutto but injected uncertainty into Pakistan's turbulent politics by saying the law was reversible.
    (AP, 10/12/07)
2007        Oct 12, In central South Africa the Orion GDF-005, a German-made computer-controlled anti-aircraft gun, went haywire during a training exercise killing 9 South African soldiers and wounding 14 others.
    (AP, 10/12/07)(http://blog.wired.com/defense/2007/10/robot-cannon-ki.html)
2007        Oct 12, The Zimbabwean government authorized new increases in the prices of basis foodstuffs in a bid to ease widespread shortages that followed an order for retailers to halve their tariffs. The government allowed bakers to increase the price of a loaf of bread by more than 200 percent, as shortages persisted across the country.
    (AP, 10/12/07)(AFP, 10/14/07)

2008        Oct 12, In California Hans Florine (44) and Yuji Hirayama (39) broke their own World Record for the fastest climb up the Nose of El Capitan (2:37:5) in Yosemite National Park. They first record was set on Jul 2 with a time of 2:43:33.
    (SFC, 7/3/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 12, In Afghanistan 62 militants, part of a group of 150 that had been seen massing outside of Lashkar Gah for several days, were killed overnight in NATO air strikes that stopped them from entering the Helmand provincial capital. Taliban commander Mullah Qadratullah was among the dead. The US-led coalition killed five Taliban rebels in Ghazni. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) reporter Mellissa Fung (35) was kidnapped in Kabul. She was freed on Nov 8.
    (AP, 10/12/08)(AFP, 10/13/08)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A11)(AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        Oct 12, Algeria announced it will spend 500 million euros (675 million dollars) on protecting towns from flooding as the death toll from floods this month rose to 43.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, Australia and New Zealand gave a blanket guarantee to all bank deposits in a move likely to raise pressure on other economies to do the same, amid a crisis of confidence in the global financial system.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, Dozens of renowned British writers came out against new anti-terrorism legislation, publishing a collection of satire, essays, fiction and poetry to protest a proposal allowing police to hold suspects without charge for up to 42 days. The next day the House of Lords rejected the plan and the government said it would abandon the proposal.
    (AP, 10/12/08)(SFC, 10/14/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 12, European leaders hammered out action to confront the financial crisis, adding their voices to a global chorus of demands for coordinated action against the turmoil.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, In Iraq Qassim al-Aboudi, the spokesman for the election commission, said there's not enough time to organize a ballot this year but that it will take place soon after the New Year. 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed in the Yarmouk district of Baghdad. A car bomb exploded in a commercial street of southwestern Baghdad, killing 7 people and wounding 9 others. Another car bomb in Mosul killed 6 people. A Christian music store owner was shot to death in Mosul, the latest in a series of killings that has caused thousands of members of the religious minority to flee the city. Iraq deployed around 1,000 police in Christian areas of Mosul as thousands of members of the minority group fled the worst violence against them in 5 years. A spate of attacks on Christians in Mosul since September 28 had killed at least 11 people.
    (AP, 10/12/08)(AFP, 10/12/08)(AP, 10/13/08)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A12)
2008        Oct 12, Lithuanians voted in a general election likely to mark comebacks for ex-president Rolandas Paksas or former political star Viktor Uspaskich. A non-binding referendum was also on the ballot as part of a battle to delay the closure of Ignalina, a Soviet-era nuclear power station which provides 70 percent of Lithuania's electricity. Voters dealt a major blow to Lithuania's leftist government by boosting the conservative opposition as well as some populist leaders, including an impeached ex-president, in weekend elections. Homeland Union leader Andrius Kubilius said he was ready to form a new Cabinet after his party won the most votes in the first round, receiving 19.2 percent. The governing Social Democratic Party, which has controlled the prime minister's office since 2001, finished fourth with 11.7 percent.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)(AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 12, An angry crowd in central Mexico attacked police and helped nearly three dozen illegal Central American immigrants escape from custody after hearing that officers had allegedly sold the migrants to human smugglers in the farming town of Rafael Lara Grajales, Puebla state. Federal police managed to round up 21 migrants.
    (AP, 10/14/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A23)
2008        Oct 12, North Korea said it will resume dismantling its main nuclear facilities, hours after the US removed the communist country from a list of states Washington says sponsor terrorism.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, Pakistani helicopter gunships bombed a meeting of Islamic militants linked to Al-Qaeda near the border with Afghanistan. Among the dead were two Taliban commanders and 12 potential suicide bombers. More than 24 extremists with links to Al-Qaeda were killed near the Afghan border in the Bajaur tribal region.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, A Soyuz spacecraft with two Americans and a Russian on board lifted off from Kazakhstan for the international space station. The Soyuz TMA-13 capsule carried American computer game millionaire Richard Garriott, US astronaut Michael Fincke and Russian cosmonaut Yuri Lonchakov.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, Somali forces from semiautonomous Puntland unsuccessfully raided a hijacked ships. 2 pirates were killed.
    (WSJ, 10/13/08, p.A15)
2008        Oct 12, Sri Lanka’s soldiers destroyed three bunkers and captured four others after battles that killed 15 rebels near their administrative capital of Kilinochchi. Separate clashes in the same area killed four rebels and one soldier. In the northern Jaffna peninsula, troops killed four rebels along the front lines while a rebel mortar attack killed two soldiers. Clashes in Mullaitivu killed four rebels and wounded one soldier.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 12, The United Arab Emirates said it would guarantee domestic bank deposits and with Saudi Arabia promised fresh financial support to domestic banks.
    (WSJ, 10/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Oct 12, Pope Benedict XVI gave the Roman Catholic church four new saints, including an Indian woman whose canonization is seen as a morale boost to Christians in India who have suffered Hindu violence. They included Sister Alphonsa (1910-1946) of the Immaculate Conception, a nun from southern India and India’s first woman saint; Gaetano Errico (1791-1860), a Neapolitan priest who founded a missionary order in the 19th century; Sister Maria Bernarda, born as Verena Buetler (1848-1924) in Switzerland, who worked as a nun in Ecuador and Colombia; and Narcisa de Jesus Martillo Moran (1832-1869), a 19th century laywoman from Ecuador who helped the sick and the poor.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 12, In Venezuela Pres. Chaves, on Indigenous Resistance Day, presented the Yukpa Indians titles to some blocks of land. This fell short of the 150,000 acres they claimed as ancestral territory.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.41)

2009        Oct 12, Americans Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012) and Oliver Williamson (b.1932) won the Nobel economics prize for their work in economic governance. Ostrom, the first woman to win the Nobel prize for economics, specialized in the study of common resource pools.
    (AP, 10/12/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.92)(Econ, 6/30/12, p.94)
2009        Oct 12, Don Young of Des Moines, Iowa, won the 39th Half Moon Bay Art & Pumpkin Festival with his 1,658-pound pumpkin. It broke the year-old record of 1,528 pounds. His first prize of $9,948 came out to $6 per pound. The world record had just been set on Oct 10 in Ohio by a 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
    (SFC, 10/13/09, p.C1)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)
2009        Oct 12, In SF Eric Buschman (49) was stabbed to death on the 300 block of Athens Street in the Excelsior District. On Oct 22 police arrested Charlie Fonilloa Sekona (20), man who had been put into a mental health program for assaulting a Costco worker, as a suspect. Police believed the stabbing was random.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.C1)
2009        Oct 12, Afghanistan's election watchdog changed its fraud-tallying rules for the second time in less than a week, switching back to a formula that lowers the chance of overturning President Hamid Karzai's first-round win. Under the new rules the commission will not take into account which candidate it finds benefited most from any fraud. One of the two Afghans on the UN-backed commission looking into vote fraud in the August presidential election resigned, citing interference by foreigners.
    (Reuters, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown announced on Monday a 16-billion-pound sale of state assets including a rail link between London and the Channel Tunnel to cut soaring debt caused by economic crisis.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, A court in China's far western Xinjiang region sentenced six men to death for murder and other crimes committed during ethnic riots that killed nearly 200 people. A seventh man was given life imprisonment.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Yoani Sanchez, a Cuban blogger, was denied government permission to travel to New York to receive a top journalism prize. She has become an international sensation for offering frank criticism of her country's communist system. In May Cuban authorities had denied Sanchez permission to fly to Madrid to accept the Ortega y Gasset Prize in digital journalism for creating her Generation Y blog (2007), which gets more than 1 million hits a month. Around the same time, Time magazine deemed Sanchez one of the world's 100 most influential people.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Gabon's constitutional court said Ali Bongo, the son of the country's longtime dictator, won the Aug. 30 presidential elections that opposition candidates said were fraudulent.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Italy Mohamed Game (35), a Libyan, hurled a home-made bomb at the Santa Barbara police barracks in Milan, losing his hand from the blast and slightly wounding a policeman on duty outside. Game had lived in Italy since 2003 and had never been a suspect. Italian police detained two more suspects and found a large quantity of bomb-making chemicals during overnight searches.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)(AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 12, North Korea test-fired five short-range missiles off its east coast and banned ships from the area from October 10-20.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Pakistan a teenage suicide car bombing targeting troops killed 45 people, including 6 security people,  in northwest Shangla district as the Taliban pledged to mobilize fighters across the country for more strikes.
    (AP, 10/12/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.34)
2009        Oct 12, Russian PM Vladimir Putin landed in China in an effort to bolster energy, political and military ties between the former rival nations turned strategic partners.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Senegal cyclist Frank Vandenbroucke (34) was on holiday when he was found dead in his room. Belgian cycling officials said his death was caused by a lung embolism. Vandenbroucke won the weeklong Paris-Nice spring race in 1998 and the Liege-Bastogne-Liege classic a year later before his career was marred by a doping scandal.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 12, A Sudanese court sentenced 4 Islamists to death for a 2nd time for the murder of a US diplomat John Granville and his driver in Khartoum last year. The sentencing came after the mother of John Granville, who worked with the US Agency for Int’l. Development (USAID), and the wife of driver Abdel Rahman Abbas both demanded the men be executed.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Syria's Pres. Bashar Assad issued a decree banning smoking in public places, joining an anti-smoking trend already under way in other Arab countries. The decree will go into effect in six months and ban smoking in restaurants, cafes, cinemas, theaters, schools, official functions and on public transport. Offenders will be fined 2,000 Syrian pounds, about $45.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, The United Arab Emirates' highest court convicted an American citizen on terrorism-related charges amid claims that torture was used to extract a confession. The court sentenced Naji Hamdan (43) to 18 months in prison, but he should be freed soon because the sentence counts time served and he was detained last year. Hamdan was arrested in the UAE in August 2008 and charged in June 2009 with supporting terrorism, working with terrorist organizations and being a member of a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Venezuela thousands of people congregated for candlelit rituals on a remote mountainside where adherents make an annual pilgrimage to pay homage to an indigenous goddess known as Maria Lionza. The traditions, hundreds of years old, draw on elements of the Afro-Caribbean religion Santeria and indigenous rituals, as well as Catholicism. Believers often ask for spiritual healing or protection from witchcraft, or thank the goddess for curing an illness.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 12, Nestle said its Zimbabwe banking is back to normal just days after newspapers reported that the government froze their accounts and ordered an audit after the company stopped buying milk from a farm owned by President Robert Mugabe's wife.
    (AP, 10/12/09)

2010        Oct 12, The Obama administration lifted the deep-water drilling ban in the Gulf of Mexico. Actual resumption was still weeks to months away.
    (SFC, 10/13/10, p.A6)
2010        Oct 12, A US federal judge ordered an immediate halt to military discharges under the “don’t ask, don’t tell" policy. District Judge Virginia Phillips of Riverside, Ca., had ruled the 1993 law unconstitutional on Sep 9.
    (SFC, 10/13/10, p.A1)
2010        Oct 12, In Afghanistan a commander and 3 other militants from the Haqqani network, a Pakistan-based faction of the Taliban with close ties to al-Qaida, were killed in a firefight overnight with NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Khost province's Spera district.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Afghanistan a cargo plane, carrying NATO supplies went down east of Kabul shortly after taking off from Bagram Air Field. The bodies of 5 of 8 people on board were recovered the next day. The plane, owned by United Arab Emirates-based TransAfrik, was under contract by the US-based company National Air Cargo.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Algeria 5 people were killed when a remote control bomb exploded on a construction site in Tlidgen.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, Australian PM Julia Gillard renewed her backing for a controversial Internet filter, saying it was driven by a "moral question."
    (AFP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood accused the government of cracking down ahead of November's parliamentary election. Police had arrested at least 28 members of the Islamist group over the last 2 days. An Egyptian regulatory body set new rules for companies sending text messages to multiple mobile phones, a step that activists say will stifle efforts to mobilize voters before the elections, which are to be held in the last week of November.
    (AFP, 10/12/10)(AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Ethiopia senior leaders of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), a breakaway rebel faction, gathered in Addis Ababa to sign a peace deal with the government. The government claimed the breakaway group represents around 80 percent of the ONLF.
    (AFP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In France hundreds of thousands of workers, students and functionaries staged protests, the 4th this month, aimed to reverse a new law requiring people to work until 62 rather than 60 before receiving their retirement pensions.
    (SFC, 10/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 12, A Greek tanker, the Mindoro, collided with a container ship, the Cypriot-flagged Jork Ranger, 20 miles (30 km) off the Dutch coast and briefly leaked jet fuel into the North Sea.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In India a second doping case in two days, and again involving a Nigerian runner, was reported. Both cases involved Methylhexaneamine. It was also found in about a dozen Indian athletes in recent months.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Iran 18 members of the powerful Revolutionary Guard were killed in an explosion that struck the force's base in the city of Khoramabad. The blast was caused by a fire that had reached the ammunition storage area. 14 other troops were wounded.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Iraq Al-Qaida's umbrella group threatened to kidnap family members of Iraqi politicians and ministers unless the wife and children of its slain leader, Abu Ayyub al-Masri, are released from prison.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Japan residents of Taiji village, notorious for the dolphin hunt documented in the film "The Cove," slaughtered a pod of dolphins but spared the youngest animals.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, Mexican soldiers captured Seiki Ogata, an alleged Tabasco state Zetas gang leader, along with 5 other gang members. Ogata was suspected of organizing the massacre of a dead marine Melquisedet Angulo’s family last Dec., just days after Angulo had been killed during a raid in Cuernavaca, that left drug kingpin Arturo Beltran Leyva dead. Authorities in Sinaloa state said they found 3 beheaded bodies along a highway that leads to the town of Imala. The bodies were accompanied with a message that accused them of being kidnappers. The decapitated head of police commander Rolando Flores was found in a suitcase outside a Mexican Army base. He had been investigating the reported shooting of an American tourist on Falcon Lake. Pirates have robbed boaters and fisherman on the Mexican side. Motorists found a decapitated body underneath a bridge on a road leading to the beachside neighborhood of Playas de Tijuana. Earlier in the day police found a human head inside a bag in another Tijuana neighborhood, but it did not belong to the body found underneath the bridge.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 12, Hurricane Paula, the ninth hurricane of the busy 2010 Atlantic season, churned toward the east coast of Mexico's Yucatan peninsula.
    (Reuters, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Mozambique 17 prisoners cut the bars at Nampula Industrial Penitentiary before escaping. They were among 99 inmates recently transferred to Nampula from neighboring provinces. One fugitive was soon re-captured.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, In northwestern Pakistan suspected militants killed 3 anti-Taliban tribal elders in the Bazai area of the Mohmand tribal region, the latest in a string of attacks against tribesmen who dare stand up to the Islamist insurgents.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III granted amnesty to officers and soldiers accused of plotting to overthrow his predecessor. Only a handful of the original 300 troops who took up arms against then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in July 2003 remained in military custody on charges of mutiny and coup attempt.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In central Poland a van crammed with farm workers crashed head-on into a truck after apparently trying to overtake another vehicle in dense fog, killing all 18 people on board.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In eastern Ukraine a train crashed into a crowded bus, killing 43 people on the bus, including two children, and injuring nearly a dozen others. PM Mykola Azarov ordered his government to pay the family of each of the dead victims 100,000 hryvna ($12,600). He also instructed transport officials to install automated crossing gates at all the nation's railway crossings to prevent cars, buses and trucks from ignoring the siren.
    (AP, 10/12/10)(SFC, 10/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 12, At the United Nations Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa were elected to join the big guns on the UN Security Council for two years, starting in January.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/csm/20101012/ts_csm/331624)(Reuters, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, Pope Benedict XVI formally created a new Vatican office to revive Christianity in Europe, his latest attempt to counter secular trends in traditionally Christian countries.
    (AP, 10/12/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Yemen Al-Qaida's offshoot warned it is setting up a "new army" to overthrow the country's president in response to his US-backed counterterrorism campaign and said it would fill its ranks with snipers and bomb makers.
    (AP, 10/12/10)

2011        Oct 12, US troops arrived in Uganda. On Oct 14 President Barack Obama announced he is dispatching about 100 US troops, mostly special operations forces, to central Africa to advise in the fight against the Lord's Resistance Army, a guerrilla group accused of widespread atrocities across several countries.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 12, The US Congress approved free trade agreements with South Korea, Colombia and Panama, ending a four-year drought in the forming of new trade partnerships and giving the White House and Capitol Hill the opportunity to show they can work together to stimulate the economy and put people back to work.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Arkansas Patricia Guardado (22), a college sophomore, was reported missing. She was found dead on Oct 16 in a pond south of Little Rock.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Seal Beach, Ca., a gunman burst through the door of a hair salon and began shooting. The shooter then stepped outside, shot a man sitting in a truck in the parking lot and sped off. 8 people, including his wife, were killed and another one left in critical condition. Police arrested Scott Dekraai (42) about a half-mile from the Salon Meritage. He was the ex-husband of stylist Michelle Fournier, who worked there. On April 28 Dekraai agreed to plead guilty.
    (AP, 10/13/11)(SFC, 10/15/11, p.A7)(SFC, 4/29/14, p.A6)
2011        Oct 12, The City Council in Harrisburg, Pa., filed for bankruptcy, despite opposition by the Mayor Linda Thompson and state Gov. Tom Corbett. Harrisburg faced $300 million in debt connected to a city-owned rubbish incinerator.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.A8)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.89)
2011        Oct 12, A Texas appeals court formally exonerated Michael Morton, who spent nearly 25 years in prison for his wife's 1986 fatal beating, reaffirming a judge's decision to set him free last week after DNA tests linked the killing to another man.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Dennis Ritchie (b.1941), American computer scientist, was found dead at his home in New Jersey. In the late 1960s Ritchie invented the C programming language. Ritchie and Ken Thompson then used C to develop the Unix operating system.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Ritchie)(Econ, 10/22/11, p.22)
2011        Oct 12, In Chile intense fog led to a 51-vehicle pileup along the highway linking the capital to the port city of Valparaiso, killing five people and injuring more than 20.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, China said it is to invest up to 4 trillion yuan ($600 billion) over the next decade to overcome a huge water shortage that threatens the country's economic growth.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In the Dominican Rep. hundreds of teachers, farmers and union members gathered outside the Congress to demand the government spend more on public education.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, A Gambian court sentenced eight foreigners to 50 years in prison for trafficking cocaine worth a billion dollars. They included 4 Venezuelans, 2 Dutchmen, a Mexican and a Nigerian. Another accused Venezuelan died before the judgment.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Germany Berlin's railway network was targeted by three more arson attacks, raising this week's total to seven. The government called them terrorist acts.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Guatemalan prosecutors arrested former Gen. Mauricio Rodriguez, another former army general who was allegedly involved in dozens of massacres of indigenous people during the Central American nation's civil war. He headed the feared G-2 military intelligence force in 1982 and 1983. A truth commission found the G-2 may have participated in as many as 71 operations against civilians.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, An Indian-French satellite that will study monsoon patterns and global warming was launched from a space center in southern India. Three other smaller satellites were also released from the rocket.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, India and Vietnam signed an accord to promote oil exploration in Vietnamese waters that could escalate long-standing tensions with China as it presses territorial claims to much of the South China sea.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Indonesia lawmakers passed a new security bill, the Law on State Intelligence."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.53)
2011        Oct 12, Iranian lawmaker Ali Motahari said he is resigning to protest the parliament's failure to summon President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for questioning over a long list of accusations, including corruption.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Iraq a slew of bombings targeted Iraqi police in Baghdad, including blasts by two suicide bombers who tried to ram their vehicles through police station gates. 25 people died and over 70 were wounded in the carnage.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 12, Libya’s new regime fighters captured Khaled Tantoosh, the Kadhafi regime's top cleric, as he attempted to flee Sirte with his beard shaved off to disguise his appearance.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Mexican troops captured Carlos Oliva Castillo (37), alias "The Frog," as part of an operation that freed 36 kidnap victims and led to the seizure of more than 800 cars as well as 27.5 tons of marijuana and hundreds of weapons in Saltillo, Coahuila state. He had allegedly ordered an arson attack at a casino in northern Mexico that killed 52 people. 14 people, including three state police investigators and a local police officer, were reported killed in eight separate incidents in Ciudad Juarez. In Chihuahua gunmen killed six people in a house where drug users gathered to take heroin in the state capital.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Hurricane Jova slammed into Mexico’s Pacific coast killing 6 people. Farther south, a low-pressure system continued to dump rain on southern Mexico and Central America, where it was blamed for the deaths of 15 people in Guatemala.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Myanmar released at least 184 political prisoners, including Zarganar, one of its most famous comedians, in a tentative sign of change in the authoritarian state after decades of repression.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Police in Nigeria raided the Abuja office of The Nation newspaper. A day earlier detectives arrested five journalists over the publication of a purported letter from the nation's former president instructing its current leader to fire government officials. The letter hit a nerve in Nigerian politics, as it recommended replacing leaders from the Muslim north as opposed to the country's Christian south. 4 of the 5 journalists were released this evening.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Nigeria members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect attacked a bank in the northeast, killing one police officer and stealing an undisclosed sum of money in Damboa, Borno state.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Northern Ireland a small bomb in a backpack damaged the entrance of the City of Culture office in Londonderry. An Irish Republican Army splinter group using a recognized code word claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Oman’s Sultan Qaboos, himself a music enthusiast, officially opened the Royal Opera House of Oman, the first of its kind in the Arabian Peninsula.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino announced a $1.66 billion program to help his country cope with the deepening global economic turmoil.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Serbia received European Union notice for recommendation to become an official EU candidate. The recommendation must formally be approved by the EU's Council of Ministers on Dec 9. A date to begin formal accession talks depended on the country and neighboring Kosovo to improve relations.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 12, In Syria tens of thousands of people rallied in central Damascus in a show of support for the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad which has been shaken by mass protests for nearly seven months.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 12, Taiwan said that it was seeking nearly $100 million in compensation from France, in the latest twist to a long-running kickback scandal over the 1991 sale of warships to the island.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, A Turkish court began questioning a man and three alleged accomplices suspected of attempting to kill Shamsuddin Batukayev (55), a former Chechen separatist leader, in Istanbul earlier this week.
    (AP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni rejected corruption claims after lawmakers put a freeze on new oil contracts over claims that government ministers accepted bribes for tenders.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)
2011        Oct 12, The Yemeni government urged the UN Security Council to avoid a resolution targeting embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh, calling on it instead to back a political solution for the country's crisis.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2012        Oct 12, The US Justice Dept. announced that it will allow members of federally recognized Indian tribes to possess eagle feathers.
    (SFC, 10/13/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 12, US federal officials approved a plan to set aside 285,000 acres of public land for the development of large-scale solar power plants in 6 states. Most of the land is in Southern California.
    (SFC, 10/13/12, p.A6)
2012        Oct 12, Alejandrina Gisselle Guzman Salazar (31), the daughter of one of the world's most sought-after drug lords, was arrested at San Diego's San Ysidro port of entry and charged with fraud and misuse of visas, permits and other documents. Her father is Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, leader of Mexico's Sinaloa cartel.
    (AP, 10/15/12)
2012        Oct 12, UC Berkeley law students Justin Teixeira and Eric Cuellar were seen laughing and throwing around the body of a dead helmeted guinea fowl at the Flamingo casino in Las Vegas. On Dec 28 prosecutors filed animal cruelty charges against both men. In 2013 Cuellar pleaded guilty and was fined $200 and sentenced to 48 hours of community service. A 3rd defendant Hazhir Kargaran (26) pleaded no contest to 3 misdemeanors and was sentenced to 2 days in jail and 48 hours of community service. Teixeira pleaded guilty to a felony animal killing was sentenced to 6 months in boot camp and then probation. On may 13, 2014, Teixeira was sentenced to 4 years’ probation and monthly work at an animal shelter.
    (SFC, 12/28/12, p.A5)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.C8)(SFC, 5/13/14, p.A5)
2012        Oct 12, In Texas Elizabeth Escalona of Dallas was sentenced to 99 years in prison after she pleaded guilty beating her daughter (2) and gluing the girl’s hands to a wall as she struggled with potty training.
    (SFC, 10/13/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 12, Shares of Workday, a human resources software company in Pleasanton, Ca., rose $20.69 to close at $48.69 in its first day of trading on the NYSE. The company was founded in 2005 by Dave Duffield and Aneel Bhusri. Duffield had created PeopleSoft, which was swallowed by Oracle in 2004.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, p.D1)(Economist, 10/6/12, p.78)
2012        Oct 12, In Botswana a judge nullified a customary law that denied women the right to inherit a family home, a decision seen as a crucial step forward for women's rights in the southern African country.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, British lawyers said Russian businessman Boris Berezovsky has agreed to pay 35 million pounds towards the legal fees of Chelsea Football Club owner Roman Abramovich after failing in a $6 billion (3.7 billion pounds) London court battle with his former protégé.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, In Bahrain riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades in clashes with hundreds of anti-government protesters in the capital Manama.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, London police arrested Maksim Bakiyev (34), the fugitive son of Kyrgyzstan's deposed president, on a US extradition warrant on suspicion of fraud. released on bail until his next court hearing on Dec 7.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 12, It was reported that Britain planned to shoot badgers for six consecutive weeks in each of the next four years in parts of Gloucestershire and the neighboring county of Somerset. The aim was to reduce the badger population by 70 percent. At issue was how to stem the spread of bovine tuberculosis, which many farmers blamed on roaming badgers.
    (Reuters, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, In Egypt Liberal and leftist groups had called a protest to demand more action from Pres. Morsi after his first 100 days in office. Morsi's supporters called for a separate rally to demand judicial independence following the acquittals of Mubarak loyalists on Oct 10. A melee erupted after Morsi's supporters stormed the activists' stage at Cairo's Tahrir Square, angered by chants from the opposition they perceived as insults to the president.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, The European Union was named as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for fostering peace on a continent ravaged by war.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, In Egypt Liberal and leftist groups had called a protest to demand more action from Pres. Morsi after his first 100 days in office. Morsi's supporters called for a separate rally to demand judicial independence following the acquittals of Mubarak loyalists on Oct 10. A melee erupted after Morsi's supporters stormed the activists' stage at Cairo's Tahrir Square, angered by chants from the opposition they perceived as insults to the president.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, Italy’s top court sided with doctors who blamed a non-cancerous brain tumor in businessman Innocenzo Marcolini on electro-magnetic radiation from his cell phone.
    www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/19/us-italy-phones-idUSBRE89I0V320121019)
2012        Oct 12, Lebanon's state run news agency said three members of an al-Qaida-inspired group have escaped from a prison in eastern Beirut.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, A top official in Niger said the country's recent floods have killed 91 people and caused significant damage.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, The government of Puerto Rico formally withdrew plans to build a natural gas pipeline after investing more than $50 million in a project that provoked strong opposition from islanders and environmentalists.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, In Scotland heavy rain and flooding hit large swathes of the country, bursting riverbanks, turning roads into torrents and stranding people in their homes.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, In South Africa a strike by some 20,000 truckers ended in a three-year wage deal that gives them a 10 percent pay raise in the first year.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, In Syria Jabhat al-Nusra, a shadowy jihadi group believed to be linked to al-Qaida, fought alongside rebels who seized overnight the air defense base near the village of al-Taaneh.
    (AP, 10/12/12)
2012        Oct 12, The UN Security Council unanimously approved a plan to back an African-led military force to help the Malian army oust Islamic militants who have seized the northern half of the country.
    (SFC, 10/13/12, p.A2)

2013        Oct 12, US Secretary of State John Kerry and Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced they had reached preliminary agreement on a bilateral security pact that now depends on the approval of Afghanistan's tribal leaders.
    (AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Oklahoma 5 people were shot at a Hmong New year’s festival in Tulsa. Meng Lee (19) and Boonmlee (21) fled the scene, but were arrested the next day.
    (SFC, 10/13/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 12, Oscar Hijuelos (b.1951), Pulitzer Prize winner (1990), died in Manhattan. His 1989 novel “The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love" became a best seller.
    (SFC, 10/15/13, p.C3)
2013        Oct 12, In Azerbaijan thousands gathered in Baku to protest the re-election of President Ilham Aliyev in a vote widely criticized by international election monitors.
    (AP, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Belgium Somali pirate Mohamed Abdi Hassan, better known as "Afweyne" or "Big Mouth", was detained at Brussels airport when he stepped off a flight from Nairobi. He was lured to Brussels on promises of shooting a documentary movie about his life on the high seas.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Colombia a 22-story apartment building collapsed in Medellin. 11 people were reported missing. The building was evacuated after cracks appeared a day earlier.
    (SFC, 10/14/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 12, In Ethiopia foreign ministers of the 54-member African Union agreed that sitting heads of state should not be tried by the International Criminal Court where Kenya's leaders are in the dock. They also called for deferring the cases of Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy, William Ruto.
    (Reuters, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, Honduras police clashed with local residents during the arrest of Carlos Peralta (22), a man believed responsible for decapitating a 7-year-old boy in the rural town of San Francisco de la Paz. The boy's body was found a day earlier in the town in the Olancho region.
    (Reuters, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, India detained an armed ship operated by a US maritime security company and the 35 people on board for failing to produce papers authorizing it to carry weapons and ammunition in Indian waters. The Sierra Leone-flagged ship Seaman Guard Ohio belongs to Virginia-based AdvanFort, a maritime security firm that specializes in anti-piracy operations.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 12, In India the massive Cyclone Phailin hammered the eastern coastline of Orissa state with heavy rains and destructive winds, as hundreds of thousands of people living in the region moved inland and took shelter. The storm left at least 17 people dead.
    (AP, 10/12/13)(AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Iraq a pickup truck packed with explosives blew up at an Iraqi vegetable market, killing 17 and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Italy divers found an additional 20 bodies off the island of Lampedusa, bringing the still provisional death toll from an October 3 shipwreck to 359.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Niger thousands of people protested against French nuclear firm Areva, which has been mining uranium in the impoverished country for nearly 50 years.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, Typhoon Nari pounded the northern Philippines, killing 13 people, ripping roofs off thousands of buildings, and leaving more than two million without power.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, Russian police arrested 67 people after a fight broke out between gay rights activists and their opponents at a demonstration in St. Petersburg.
    (Reuters, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Spain thousands of people gathered in Barcelona to demonstrate against a proposed Catalonia split away from Spain.
    (SSFC, 10/13/13, p.A3)
2013        Oct 12, In Syria two mortar rounds slammed into the central Abu Rummaneh neighbourhood of Damascus, killing a child and wounding 11 people. Tank shells fired by Syrian government forces slammed into a building in the southern city of Daraa, killing at least 11 people, including women and children.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)(AFP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Vietnam a blast at a fireworks factory killed at least 24 people. Police blamed other explosives stored at the site for the accident which also left many injured at the Z121 military facility north of Hanoi.
    (AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 12, In Yemen thousands of separatists demanding secession took to the streets of Aden to mark the anniversary in 1967 of the independence of former South Yemen.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)

2014        Oct 12, A US federal judge struck down Alaska’s first-in-the-nation ban on gay marriages.
    (SFC, 10/13/14, p.A8)
2014        Oct 12, In northern and eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants led a string of attacks on police and civilians, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, Bolivians voted in a presidential election. President Evo Morales coasted to victory, winning an unprecedented third term with 61 percent of the vote.
    (Reuters, 10/12/14)(AP, 10/13/14)(AFP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 12, Bosnia held general elections. Some 3.3 million voters were eligible to cast ballots to elect three members -- a Croat, a Muslim and a Serb -- to the joint presidency, as well as a new central parliament. They will also elect assemblies for the two entities and a president in Republika Srpska. Nationalist candidates from Bosnia's Croat, Muslim and Serb communities won the country's three-man presidency.
    (AFP, 10/12/14)(AFP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Cambodia freelance journalist Taing Try (49) was shot in the forehead and died instantly at a remote forestry site in Kratie province. He was investigating illegal logging in the region. Police soon detained three men, including a timber trader, believed to be linked to the murder.
    (AP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Central African Republic eight armed men, belonging to a rebel group known as the Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC), abducted Polish priest Mateusz Dziedzic in the town of Baboua. They wanted to exchange the kidnapped missionary for their leader, who is currently imprisoned in Cameroon.
    (Reuters, 10/14/14)
2014        Oct 12, Chinese police stormed into a conference room outside Beijing where rights lawyers were meeting to discuss wrongful cases and broke up the gathering. Chinese scholar and rights advocate Guo Yushan, founder of an influential non-governmental think tank, was detained on the criminal charge of provoking troubles.
    (AP, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, In China four ethnic Uighurs armed with knives and explosives killed at least 22 people, mostly Han Chinese, in Kashgar Prefecture. Dozens were injured before police shot and killed the attackers.
    (SFC, 10/20/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 12, In Cairo, Egypt, US Sec. of State John Kerry presided over a conference on peace in the Middle East and announced an additional $212 million in US aid to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Qatar said it would provide $1 billion in reconstruction assistance for Gaza, while fellow Gulf Arab states Kuwait and United Arab Emirates promised $200 million each. Germany also announced it would contribute 50 million euros ($63 million) to reconstruction efforts in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, Egyptian police backed by armored vehicles stormed the campuses of at least two prominent universities to quell anti-government protests by students.
    (AP, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Hungary PM Viktor Orban’s Fidesz party was the clear winner in municipal elections. The far-right Jobbik party made significant gains in rural areas, where it has become the main challenger to Orban's Fidesz party.
    (AP, 10/13/14)(SFC, 10/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 12, In India Cyclone Hudhud pounded a large swath of the eastern seaboard with heavy rain and strong winds, killing at least 41 people and causing major damage to buildings and crops.
    (AP, 10/12/14)(Reuters, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Iraq a triple suicide bombing killed 26 Kurdish security forces in Diyala province. A roadside bomb killed the police chief of the western Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Japan at least 35 people were reported injured as Typhoon Vongfong, packing winds of up to 180 km (110 miles) per hour and heavy rain, hit the southern island of Okinawa.
    (AP, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, In western Libya a hospital official said fighting over Kikla between Islamist militias and rival groups has killed at least 23 people.
    (AP, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Mozambique brawling supporters of Frelimo and opposition party Renamo clashed in the northern city of Nampula, where 23 people were injured and 13 others arrested ahead of legislative and provincial elections on Oct 15.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 12, In Somalia a car bomb exploded outside a café in Mogadishu killing 11 people. Gunmen shot and seriously wounded Abdirisak Jama, a Somali journalist working for a London-based television channel, in an attack outside his home in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 10/12/14)(SFC, 10/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 12, The US Central Command said warplanes from the United States, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates conducted four airstrikes in Syria over the weekend, including three in Kobani that destroyed an Islamic State fighting position and staging area.
    (AP, 10/12/14)

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