Today in History - October 13

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54AD        Oct 13, Roman emperor Claudius I died, after being poisoned with mushrooms by his wife, Agrippina. Nero (37-68AD), son of Agrippina, succeeded his great uncle Claudius, who was murdered by his wife, as the new emperor of Rome. After the murder of his wife, Octavia, Nero descended deep into a religious delirium. His acts became wild and unintelligible and he was displaced by his soldiers with Galba after which he committed suicide.
    (WUD, 1994, p.959)(V.D.-H.K.p.78)(AP, 10/13/97)(HN, 10/13/01)

1307        Oct 13, French king Philip IV convicted the Knights Templar of heresy. Members of the Knights of Templar were arrested throughout France, imprisoned and tortured by the order of the King Philip the Fair.
    (HN, 10/13/98)(MC, 10/13/01)

1399        Oct 13, Henry IV of England was crowned.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1537        Oct 13, Jane Grey, Queen of England for 9 days, was born.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1563        Oct 13, Francesco Caracciolo, Italian religious founder and saint (Caracciolini), was born.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1582        Oct 13, This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990, J. Boslough)

1601        Oct 13, Tycho Brahe, astronomer, died in Prague.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1629        Oct 13, Dutch West Indies Co. granted religious freedom in West Indies.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1652        Oct 13, Abraham Verhoeven, Flemish printer and newspaper publisher, died.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1659        Oct 13, Gen. John Lambert drove out the English Rump government. The “Rump Parliament” was restored in Dec.
    (PCh, 1992, p.247)(MC, 10/13/01)

1661        Oct 13, "I went to see Major General Harrison being drawn and quartered.  He was looking as cheerful as any man could in that condition." Harrison (b.1606) had sided with Parliament in the English Civil War. During the Interregnum he was a leader of the Fifth Monarchists. In 1649 he signed the death warrant of Charles I and in 1660, shortly after the Restoration, he was found guilty of regicide.
    (Samuel Pepys Diary)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Harrison_%28soldier%29)

1670        Oct 13, Virginia passed a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians could not be used as slaves.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1680        Oct 13, Daniel Elsevier, book publisher and publisher, died at 54.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1701        Oct 13, Andreas Anton Schmelzer, composer, died at 47.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1710        Oct 13, English troops occupied Acadia, Nova Scotia.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1754        Oct 13, American Revolutionary War heroine Molly Pitcher was born. During the American Revolution, at the Battle of Monmouth, NJ, Molly helped out as a water carrier, gaining her nickname, Molly Pitcher. Her husband, John, was wounded during the battle and Molly dropped the water pitcher, taking up her husband's job of loading and firing a cannon. General George Washington appointed her a noncommissioned officer. [see Jun 28, 1778]
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1775        Oct 13, The U.S. Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet. The Continental Congress authorized construction of two warships. The 1st ship in the US Navy was the schooner Hannah. It was commissioned by George Washington and outfitted at Beverly, Mass. In 2006 Ian W. Toll authored “Six Frigates: The Epic History of the Founding of the US Navy.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(HN, 10/13/98)(SFC, 2/12/00, p.B3)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.94)

1776        Oct 13, Benedict Arnold was defeated at Lake Champlain by the British, who then retreated to Canada for the winter. Arnold’s efforts bought the colonists 9 months to consolidate their hold in northern New York. In 2006 James L. Nelson authored “Benedict Arnold’s Navy.”
    (HN, 10/13/98)(WSJ, 5/12/06, p.W5)

1784        Oct 13, Ferdinand VII, king of Spain, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1792        Oct 13, The "Old Farmer's Almanac" was 1st published. [see Nov 25]
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1792        Oct 13, The cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(HN, 10/13/98)

1795        Oct 13, William Prescott, American Revolutionary soldier, died.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1812        Oct 13, At the Battle of Queenston Heights, a Canadian and British army defeated the Americans who had tried to invade Canada. This was the 1st major land battle in the War of 1812.
    (HN, 10/13/98)(HNQ, 1/31/02)
1812        Oct 13, Isaac Brock, English general (conquered Detroit), died in battle.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1813        Oct 16-1813, Oct 19, In the Battle at Leipzig (aka Battle of the Nations) Napoleon faced Prussia, Austria and Russia and suffered one of his worst defeats.
    (DoW, 1999, p.325)

1815        Oct 13, Joachim Murat, marshal of France and King of Naples (1808-15), was executed.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1817        Oct 13, William Kirby, Canadian writer, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/00)

1821        Oct 13, Rudolf Virchow, German politician and anthropologist (cell pathology), was born.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1822        Oct 13, Antonio Canova (b.1757), Italian sculptor, died at age 64. His work included a sculpture of Napoleon’s sister Pauline, as a semi-naked Venus Victrix.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Canova)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.105)

1843        Oct 13, The Jewish organization B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City.
    (AP, 10/13/97)

1845        Oct 13, Texas voters ratified a state constitution.
    (AP, 10/13/97)

1849        Oct 13, The California state constitution, which prohibited slavery, was signed in Monterey.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1853        Oct 13, Lillie Langtry (d.1929), British actress, was born. “The sentimentalist ages far more quickly than the person who loves his work and enjoys new challenges.”
    (AP, 7/27/98)(HN, 10/13/00)

1855        Oct 13, Gottfried Rieger, composer, died at 91.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1858        Oct 13, The sixth debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Quincy, Ill.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

1860        Oct 13, The 1st US aerial photo was taken from a balloon over Boston.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1864        Oct 13, Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia resulted in 337 casualties.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1864        Oct 13, Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid).
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1864        Oct 13, Maryland voters adopted a new constitution, including abolition of slavery.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1869        Oct 13, Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French writer (Tableau Historique), died.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1870        Oct 13, Gustav Mahler (10) gave his 1st public piano concert.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1881        Oct 13, A revival of the Hebrew language began as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agreed to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1884        Oct 13, Greenwich was established as the universal time meridian of longitude. 41 delegates from 25 nations met in Washington, D.C. for the International Meridian Conference. This conference selected the Greenwich Meridian as the official Prime Meridian due to its popularity. However, France abstained from the vote and French maps continued to use the Paris Meridian for several decades.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Meridian)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_13)

1890        Oct 13, Conrad Richter, novelist and short story writer, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/00)

1903        Oct 13, Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1903        Oct 13, Boston defeated Pittsburgh in baseball’s first World Series. In 2003 Roger I. Abrams authored “The First World Series and the Baseball Fanatics of 1903;” Louis P. Masur authored "Autumn Glory: Baseball's First World Series;" and Bob Ryan authored "When Boston Won the World Series."
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)(HN, 10/13/98)(WSJ, 3/28/03, p.W9)(SSFC, 6/8/03, p.M6)

1904        Oct 13, Sigmund Freud's “The Interpretation of Dreams” was published.
    (HN, 10/13/00)

1905        Oct 13, Henry Irving (b.1838), British actor, died in England. In 2008 Michael Holroyd authored “A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irving and Their Remarkable Families.” Irving was the first actor to be awarded a British knighthood (1895).
    (WSJ, 3/6/09, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellen_Terry)

1907        Oct 13, Yves Allégret, French film director, was born. His work included “Dédée d'Anvers” and “Une si jolie petite plage.”
    (HN, 10/13/00)

1908        Oct 13, The Chicago Cubs won Game 4 of the World Series, defeating the Detroit Tigers 3-0 to take a 3-1 Series lead.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
1908        Oct 13, Some 60 thousand British suffragists led by Emmeline Pankhurst, founder of the WSPU, gathered in Parliament Square the rush the House of Commons. 24 women and 13 men were arrested.
    (ON, 10/2010, p.8)

1909        Oct 13, Herblock (Herbert Lawrence Block), multiple Pulitzer Prize-winning political cartoonist, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/00)

1910        Oct 13, Ernest Kellogg Gann, pilot and adventure novelist, was born. His work included “Island in the Sky” and “The High and Mighty.”
    (HN, 10/13/00)
1910        Oct 13, Art Tatum, American jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1913        Oct 13, The 16th amendment to the constitution was ratified and the modern income tax came into being. It lifted the constitutional ban on income taxes. The levy was 1% of GDP and the highest rate was 7%. An exemption on the first $20,000 in dividend income was revoked during WW I.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.D1)(CyCEO, 6/3/97, p.1,8)(WSJ, 3/11/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 9/25/02, p.D8)

1914        Oct 13, Garrett Morgan invented and patented the gas mask.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1918        Oct 13-15, A forest fire killed some 1,000 people in Minnesota and Wisconsin. [see Oct 12]
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)

1921        Oct 13, In the Treaty of Kars Turkey formally recognized the Armenian Soviet Republic.
    (EWH, 4th ed, p.1086)
1921        Oct 13, The Daily Colonist in Victoria BC mentioned the term “cold turkey” in reference to quitting an addiction. This was the first know use of the term in print.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.8)
1921        Oct 13, Yves Montand, French actor and singer (Z, Napoleon, Grand Prix), was born.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1923        Oct 13, Angora (Ankara) became Turkey's capital.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1925        Oct 13, Frank D. Gilroy, American writer (Subject Was Roses), was born.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1925        Oct 13, Lenny Bruce, [Leonard Schneider], comedian, was born. He was later arrested on obscenity charges.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1925        Oct 13, Margaret Thatcher, Great Britain’s first female Prime Minister (1979-90), was born in Grantham, England.
    (HN, 10/13/98)(MC, 10/13/01)

1926        Oct 13, Ray Brown (d.2002), jazz bass player, was born in Pittsburgh.
    (HN, 10/13/00)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A21)

1930        Oct 13, New German Reichstag opened with 107 Nazi Party members in uniform.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1931        Oct 13, Noel Coward's "Cavalcade," premiered in London.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1934        Oct 13, Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer (Try to Remember), was born in Crete.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1936        Oct 13, Cliff Gorman, actor (Boys in the Band, Lenny, Angel), was born in Jamaica, NY.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1941        Oct 13, Paul Simon, songwriter, singer, musician, was born. He played guitar and recorded with Garfunkel: Bridge Over Troubled Water, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence; solo: Me and Julio, Kodachrome, 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover, Rock and Roll Hall of Famer.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1941        Oct 13, Nazis killed 11,000 Jewish children and old people.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1942        Oct 13, In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships sail down the slot and shelled Henderson field on Guadalcanal, in an unsuccessful effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
    (HN, 10/13/99)

1943        Oct 13, During World War II, Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(HN, 10/13/98)

1944        Oct 13, The US 1st army entered Aachen, Germany.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(MC, 10/13/01)
1944        Oct 13, British and Greek advance units landed at Piraeus during World War II.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1944        Oct 13, Riga, Latvia, was freed.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1945        Oct 13, Milton Hershey (b.1857), Philadelphia chocolate tycoon, died. In 2005 Michael D. Antonio authored “Hershey: Milton S. Hershey’s Extraordinary Life of Wealth, Empire and Utopian Dreams.”
    (WSJ, 8/12/99, p.A1)(www.hersheyhistory.com/milton.html)

1947        Oct 13, The popular children's television show, Kukla, Fran and Ollie, premiered as a local Chicago show. In its first year, the show's name varied between "Kukla, Fran and Ollie" and "Junior Jamboree," but it was essentially the same show.
    (http://www.kukla.tv/)

1953        Oct 13, A burglar alarm using ultrasonic or radio waves was patented by Samuel Bagno.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1954        Oct 13, R.P. Smith's and M. Shulman's "Tender Trap," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1955        Oct 13, A US Air Force B-47B crashed while taking off from March Air Base in California. Capt. Edward A. O'Brien Jr. (Pilot), Capt. David J. Clare (co-pilot), Major Thomas F. Mulligan (navigator), and Capt. Joseph M. Graeber (chaplain) were all killed.
    (www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbadate.asp?thedate=551013&Submit2=Go)

1957        Oct 13, CBS-TV broadcast "The Edsel Show," a one-hour live special starring Bing Crosby designed to promote the new, ill-fated Ford automobile. It was the first special to use videotape technology to delay the broadcast to the West Coast.
    (AP, 10/13/07)

1959        Oct 13, K. Rudolf Mengelberg, Dutch composer (Amsterdam Concertgebouw), died at 67.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1960        Oct 13, The Pittsburgh Pirates won the World Series at Forbes Field with a 9th inning homerun by Bill Mazeroski. A Univ. of Pittsburgh academic building was later built on the site.
    (WSJ, 3/25/04, p.D1)
1960        Oct 13, Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of their presidential campaign, with Nixon in Hollywood and Kennedy in New York.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1960        Oct 13, Opponents of Fidel Castro were executed in Cuba.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1962        Oct 13, Jerry Rice, football player, was born. He played as a San Francisco '49er wide receiver: Super Bowl XXIII, XXIV, XXIX.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1962        Oct 13, The four-character drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?," by Edward Albee, opened on Broadway with Uta Hagen (d.2004) as Martha and Arthur Hill as George. The opening coincided with co-star Melinda Dillon's 23rd birthday.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.A23)(AP, 10/13/07)

1963        Oct 13, "Beatlemania" was coined after Beatles appeared at Palladium.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1966        Oct 13, 173 US airplanes bombed North-Vietnam.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1969        Oct 13-25, Pres. Nixon ordered a worldwide “secret” nuclear alert to scare the Soviets into forcing concessions from North Vietnam. Nixon called that tactic a “madman strategy,” and it did not work.
    (SFC, 12/25/02, p.A7)

1970        Oct 13, Canada established diplomatic relations with China.
    (http://geo.international.gc.ca/asia/china/political_economic/diplomatic_relations-en.asp)

1972        Oct 13, Aeroflot Il-62 crashed in large pond outside Moscow and 176 died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5a6zlm)
1972        Oct 13, A Uruguay to Chile Fairchild FH-227 turboprop carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes Mountains. The event was concluded by December 23, 1972 when the last of 16 survivors were rescued. The group survived by collectively making a decision to eat flesh from the bodies of their dead comrades. The book “Alive: The Story of the Andes Survivors,” published two years after their rescue, was written by Piers Paul Read, who interviewed the survivors and their families.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruguayan_Air_Force_Flight_571)(AP, 3/14/14)

1974        Oct 13, Television host Ed Sullivan died in New York City at age 72.
    (AP, 10/13/99)

1977        Oct 13, A Lufthansa Boeing 737, bound for Frankfurt, was hijacked by Palestinians shortly after take-off. The plane is diverted to Rome's Fiumicino Airport. Almost all of the passengers are German vacationers. "This is Captain Martyr Mohammed speaking," announces one of the hijackers to the Rome air-traffic controllers. "The group I represent demands the release of our comrades in German prisons [see Oct 18].
    (www.baader-meinhof.com/timeline/1977.html)

1980        Oct 13, In northern California Anne Evelyn Alderson (26) of San Rafael was raped and shot to death on Mount Tamalpais. David Joseph Carpenter was arrested in May 1981. In 1984 he was convicted of 2 murders in Santa Cruz and sentenced to death. In 1988 he was convicted of 4 killings in Marin County and again sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 2/24/10, p.A7)
1980        Oct 13, In Houston Texas a delicatessen clerk was shot and killed by one bullet during a robbery. Willie Williams, who admitted to firing the fatal shot, was executed in 1995. His accomplice, Joseph Nichols, was convicted in 1982 at age 20 and in 2007 was also executed for the murder.
    (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR510332007)

1981        Oct 13, Voters in Egypt elected Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president in a referendum with a 98.5% vote, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(AP, 7/9/04)

1982        Oct 13, The IOC restored 2 gold medals post mortem from the 1912 Olympics to Jim Thorpe (1888-1953).
    (http://nomas-nyc.com/2006/10/solid-gold.html)
1982        Oct 13, Guatemala’s army surrounded the mountain village of Santa Anita Las Canoas. 24 men were taken inside a church, where they were chained, tied with ropes and tortured all the night, their screams heard throughout the village. The following morning, 6 men were taken from the group, tied to the barbwire fence of the church and executed in front of the community.
    {Guatemala, Atrocities}
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A14)(www.law.wisc.edu/news/index.php?ID=567)

1983        Oct 13, The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, landed safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1987        Oct 13, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts on behalf of a Central American peace plan to end the war in Nicaragua.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A19)

1988        Oct 13, Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz was named recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
    (AP, 10/13/98)
1988        Oct 13, Vice President George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis met in their second presidential debate of the 1988 campaign.
    (AP, 10/13/98)
1988        Oct 13, In Italy Cardinal Archbishop Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero was forced to announce that the Shroud of Turin did not contain the image of Christ. Scientists at 3 leading universities carbon-dated samples to some time between 1260-1390. In 1998 it was reported that the dating work was not definitive. Lab tests showed Shroud of Turin was not Christ’s burial cloth. The Shroud of Turin Research Project (Sturp) performed radiocarbon dating on fibers of the shroud and found that the linen dated to between 1260 and 1390 AD. Ian Wilson wrote the 1978 book "The Shroud of Turin" and in 1998 "The Blood and the Shroud: New Evidence That the Most Sacred Relic Is Real."
    (WSJ, 4/10/98, p.W6)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A24)(http://tinyurl.com/zuanz)

1989        Oct 13, The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 190 points, triggering memories of the 1987 crash.
    (AP, 10/13/99)

1990        Oct 13, At the start of a three-day conference in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, the crown prince of Kuwait promised greater democracy for the emirate if it were freed from Iraqi occupation.
    (AP, 10/13/00)
1990        Oct 13, In Lebanon, rebel Christian General Michel Aoun ended his mutiny against the government. Syrian forces defeated the army under Aoun. Jihad Georges Eid (20) a soldier in the Lebanese army, was taken from Lebanon by Syrian troops on the day of the last battle in the civil war. For the next 20 plus years, more than 600 families, Lebanese and Palestinian, Muslim and Christian, demanded authorities reveal the fate of thousands of political prisoners believed to have disappeared at the hands of Syrian troops.
    (AP, 10/13/00)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)(AFP, 10/13/11)
1990        Oct 13, The 1st Russian Orthodox service in 70 yrs was held in St. Basil's Cathedral.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1990-10/1990-10-13-NBC-20.html)
1990        Oct 13, Le Duc Tho, co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party, died in Hanoi at age 79. He was the 1975 North Vietnamese negotiator in Paris.
    (AP, 10/13/00)(MC, 10/13/01)

1991        Oct 13, The Minnesota Twins won the American League pennant, defeating the Toronto Blue Jays 8-5 at SkyDome.
    (AP, 10/13/01)
1991        Oct 13, The US Senate Judiciary Committee heard conflicting testimony from friends and associates of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill, the University of Oklahoma law professor who'd accused Thomas of sexually harassing her.
    (AP, 10/13/01)

1992        Oct 13, Vice President Dan Quayle, Senator Al Gore and retired admiral James B. Stockdale clashed in a freewheeling vice-presidential debate in Atlanta.
    (AP, 10/13/97)

1993        Oct 13, The Philadelphia Phillies won the National League pennant, defeating the Atlanta Braves in game six.
    (AP, 10/13/98)
1993        Oct 13, A German who had stabbed tennis star Monica Seles received a suspended jail term.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
1993        Oct 13, The U.N. Security Council voted to reimpose sanctions on Haiti unless military leaders there stopped violating a U.N.-brokered accord.
    (AP, 10/13/98)

1994        Oct 13, Kenzabuto Oe, Japanese novelist, won the Noble prize for literature. His work included “An Echo of Heaven.”
    (SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.9)(AP, 10/13/99)
1994        Oct 13, Pro-British Protestant paramilitaries in Northern Ireland announced a cease-fire matching the Irish Republican Army's six-week-old truce.
    (AP, 10/13/99)
1994        Oct 13, In Sri Lanka peace talks began in Jaffna.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Oct 13, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Polish-born British physicist Joseph Rotblat (1908-2005) and the Pugwash Conferences (begun in Canada in 1957) for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Rotblat)(AP, 10/13/00)(SFC, 9/2/05, p.B5)(WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A1)

1996        Oct 13, The Yankees won the American League pennant, defeating the Baltimore Orioles.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1996        Oct 13, House Speaker Newt Gingrich, appearing on CBS' "Face the Nation," called on Congress to investigate campaign contributions made to President Clinton's re-election campaign by the Lippo Group, an Indonesian banking conglomerate.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1996        Oct 13, In Austria the far-right Freedom party of Joerg Haider received 27.6% of the vote. The Conservative People’s Party led by Foreign Minister Wolfgang Schuessel won with 29.6%, while the Social Democrats got 29.1%.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 13, In Iraq the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) regained Sulaymaniyah, its former headquarters.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A12)

1997        Oct 13, The Cassini spacecraft was scheduled to be launched aboard a Titan rocket from Cape Canaveral for a trip to end in 2004 at Saturn. It will carry the Huygens probe to be deployed on the Saturn moon Titan. It was postponed
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.1)
1997        Oct 13, A British jet car, Thrust SSC, driven by Andy Green of the Royal Air Force set a land speed record of 764.168 mph in Nevada's Black Rock Desert. The record was not recorded as official because turn around time went over an hour due to braking problems. Green officially broke the record two days later.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A1,7)(AP, 10/13/98)
1997        Oct 13, In Quebec, Canada, a bus with 48 senior citizens overturned into a ravine near St. Joseph-de-la-Rive and 43 were killed.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/13/98)
1997        Oct 13, In Italy the Communist Refounding Party reopened talks that were expected to restore Prodi to power and leave his budget intact.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 13, In Kenya teachers ended a 12-day strike after the government agreed to a 200% raise. Their salaries had averaged $35 per month.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 13, In South Korea Kim Hyun Chul (37), son of Pres. Kim Young Sam, was sentenced to 3 years in prison for bribery and tax evasion that amounted to about $2.1 million, an amount for which he was also fined.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 13, Swiss bank officials said that 4,000 more unclaimed accounts from the Holocaust era were found containing about $4 million.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 13, In Vietnam journalist Nguyen Hoang Linh of the business newspaper Enterprise, was arrested on charges of revealing state secrets. He had been investigating government corruption.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)

1998        Oct 13, In Conyers, Ga., Nancy Fowler (47) spoke her message from Mary, the mother of Jesus, to a crowd of over 100,000 pilgrims. It was the last of seven years of messages that Fowler said she received from the Virgin Mary.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 13, The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Robert B. Laughlin of Stanford, Horst L. Stormer of Columbia Univ. and Daniel C. Tsui of Princeton for their work on the fractional quantum Hall effect where groups of electrons act as if they are quarks.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A1,6)
1998        Oct 13, The Nobel Prize in chemistry went to Walter Kohn of UC Santa Barbara and John Pople (d.2004) of Northwestern Univ. for their work in computational chemistry.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A1)(SFC, 3/19/04, p.B7)
1998        Oct 13, The NBA suspended the first two weeks of the 1998-99 pro basketball season after collective bargaining talks broke off.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/99)
1998        Oct 13, The New York Yankees won the American League pennant with a 9-5 victory over the Cleveland Indians in Game 6 of their championship series.
    (AP, 10/13/99)
1998        Oct 13, White House and congressional budget bargainers continued to seek agreement on issues snarling a $500 billion bill for the new fiscal year.
    (AP, 10/13/99)
1998        Oct 13, Eric Robert Rudolph, a suspect in the bombing of a Birmingham, Ala. abortion clinic, was reported to be linked to the 1996 Olympics bombing and would be charged for that and 2 other bombings in Atlanta.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 13, It was reported that Dutch auditors chastised the prime minister and other officials for spending $40 million to acquire the Piet Mondrian painting: “Victory Boogie Woogie.”
    (WSJ, 10/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 13, In the West Bank an Israeli man, Itamar Doron (24) was killed and another wounded by suspected terrorists. The slaying prompted Prime Minister Netanyahu   to declare that there was no chance of signing a new peace deal with the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 13, In Mexico a gas explosion in Tultepec killed at least 16 people and wounded dozens. The blast was related to the manufacture of illegal fireworks.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 13, Serbian authorities announced that elections will be held in Kosovo under int’l. supervision next year. NATO authorized air strikes if Milosevic does no comply with UN demands.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/16/98, p.A14)

1999        Oct 13, Robert A. Mundell (66), a Canadian born professor at Columbia Univ., won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his study of cross-border capital flows, flexible foreign exchange rates, and supply side economics. A 1961 paper by Mundell had pioneered the theory of an “optimal currency area,” which later helped shape the euro zone.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A2)(Econ, 6/13/09, SR p.10)
1999        Oct 13, Pres. Clinton proposed to place 40 million acres of federal forest beyond the reach of loggers, miners and road-builders. He urged the forest service to engage the public in how best to manage and conserve over 50 million acres of the last roadless tracts.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/9/00, p.A21)   
1999        Oct 13, The US Senate rejected the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban treaty 51-48.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/00)
1999        Oct 13, Vice Pres. Al Gore received endorsement from the AFL-CIO for his presidential bid.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 13, In Boulder, Colorado, the JonBenet Ramsey grand jury was dismissed after 13 months of work with prosecutors saying there wasn’t enough evidence to charge anyone in the six-year-old’s strangulation.
    (AP, 10/13/00)
1999        Oct 13, In Texas 3 Pleasanton law officers, Mark Stephenson, Thomas Monse and Terry Miller were shot and killed by Jeremiah Engleton (21), who had been arrested earlier for beating his wife.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 13, In Colombia drug police arrested 30 cocaine traffickers including Medellin cartel leader Fabio Ochoa and reputed distribution boss Alejandro Bernal-Madrigal. Some 1,290 traffickers were also arrested in Mexico, Ecuador, the US and other countries over the last 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A1,22)(SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 13, France legalized same sex unions under legislation called "civil solidarity pacts" pushed through by the Socialist-dominated National Assembly.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 13, In Georgia gunmen seized 6 UN observers and a translator as they delivered aid to Abkhazia. 4 of the observers were released the next day and the ransom was raised to $350,000. The last of the hostages were released 2 days later.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A16)
1999        Oct 13, In Indonesia the military chief, Gen'l. Wiranto, was picked by Golkar as the running mate to Pres. Habibie.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A1,23)

2000        Oct 13, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Pres. Kim Dae Jung (74) of South Korea for his efforts to make peace with North Korea.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 13, A US federal appeals court ruled that residents of Puerto Rico cannot vote in presidential elections unless the island becomes a state or the US Constitution is amended.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A4)
2000        Oct 13, The DJIA rose 157.61 to 10,192, while the NASDAQ rose 242 (7.9%) to 3316, in a possible dead cat bounce.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.D1)
2000        Oct 13, Chevron announced plans to acquire Texaco in a deal valued at $37 billion. Chevron and Texaco agreed to merge on Oct 15 for $35 billion in stock and $7.5 billion in debt.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 13, Gus Hall (90), longtime American communist, died in New York.
    (AP, 10/13/01)
2000        Oct 13, Jean Peters, film actress and former wife of Howard Hughes, died at age 73.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A24)
2000        Oct 13, In Serbia a new agreement was reached to hold parliamentary elections on Dec 24.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 13, Janko “Tuta” Janjic (43), a war crimes suspect, killed himself in Foca, a town in the Serb section of Bosnia, when NATO troops came to arrest him.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A10)

2001        Oct 13, Anthrax was confirmed in 3 US states. In Florida 5 more employees tested positive; in Nevada a letter sent to a Microsoft office tested positive; and in NYC a letter sent to NBC News tested positive.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 13, The US confirmed that an errant 2,000-pound bomb hit residential buildings in Kabul and that 4 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 13, In Nebraska a school bus carrying a high school band in Douglas County overturned and 3 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 13, In London an estimated 20,000 people marched against the military strikes in Afghanistan. Other demonstrations took place in Europe.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 13, Ukraine's defense minister and air defense chief offered to resign, conceding that the military was involved in the explosion of a Russian airliner over the Black Sea Oct. 4 that killed 78 people.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 13, The Anaheim Angels routed the Minnesota Twins 13-5 to win the American League Championship Series in five games.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2002        Oct 13, In Lewiston, Maine, over 200 people marched in support of Somali immigrants. Over 1,000 Somalis had settled in the town over the last 18 months.
    (SFC, 10/14/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 13, In Iowa up to 11 bodies of suspected Mexican immigrants were found in a Union Pacific rail car. The car had left Matamoros, Mexico, in June, and had been parked in Oklahoma since mid-June.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A3)
2002        Oct 13, Horace Logan (86), producer of the Louisiana Hayride country music show (b.1948), died in New Orleans.
    (SFC, 10/14/02, p.A26)
2002        Oct 13, Stephen Ambrose (b.Jan 10, 1936), historian, died in New Orleans. His books included "D-Day June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II."
    (SFC, 10/14/02, p.A26)
2002        Oct 13, In eastern Congo fighting broke out in a strategic port when pro-government tribal fighters tried to wrest control of the town from rebels.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Greece opposition conservatives claimed victory in local elections, but appeared to fall short of gaining a powerful protest vote against the long-governing Socialists.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Israel about 140,000 public workers went on strike to protest government plans to tax contributions to pension funds.
    (AP, 10/13/02)
2002        Oct 13, Israeli troops backed by tanks and a helicopter entered the Rafah refugee camp hunting for tunnels used to smuggle weapons and drugs into the Gaza Strip. Two Palestinians were killed and 28 wounded.
    (AP, 10/13/02)
2002        Oct 13, A Palestinian militant, whose clan has been targeted previously by Israeli security forces, was killed when a public telephone exploded in his hand. He was one of six Palestinians to die in a day of violence.
    (AP, 10/13/02)
2002        Oct 13, Philippine troops pounded Muslim guerrilla positions with bombs and cannon fire, killing 20 rebels, as fighting raged for the second day in the country's troubled south.
    (AP, 10/12/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Russia 10 people died of hypothermia in Moscow over the weekend, bringing the death toll for the current cold season to 32.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Serbia a moderate nationalist and a pro-Western pragmatist faced each other in the second round of presidential elections. Less than 50% of the electorate turned out rendering the results invalid.
    (AP, 10/13/02)(SFC, 10/14/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 13, In Somalia a boat that had carried 120 Somalis and Ethiopians from the village of Marear more than two weeks ago, landed with 50 survivors. The engine failed, leaving them drifting in the Gulf of Aden. At least 70 people who were headed to Persian Gulf states in search of jobs died.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 13, In Zimbabwe Sir Garfield Todd (93), the former prime minister of Southern Rhodesia (1953-1958), as Zimbabwe was once known, died after suffering a stroke.
    (AP, 10/13/02)

2003        Oct 13, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation said it was doubling to $200 million the prevention funds for HIV and AIDS in India.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, It was reported that scientists in North Carolina had built a brain implant that lets monkeys control a robotic arm with their thoughts.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 13, Ohio Democratic congressman Dennis Kucinich formally kicked off his presidential bid.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Oct 13, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a controversial redistricting bill designed to put more Republicans in the Texas congressional delegation.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Oct 13, In Louisiana a bus crash on I-20 killed 8 members of a Texas church group after the driver fell asleep.
    (WSJ, 10/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 13, Hundreds of Afghan troops backed by U.S. soldiers and helicopters attacked a suspected Taliban hide-out, killing at least 4 rebels and capturing 8 others.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, Bolivia's Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada dropped plans to export natural gas in the face of massive protests that left 18 dead.
    (SFC, 10/14/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 13, In western Nepal Communist rebels attacked a police training camp overnight, sparking a gunbattle that left at least 12 policemen and 15 guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, In Nepal soldiers stormed a high school that had been taken over by rebels in a mountain village, starting a gunbattle that left at least 11 insurgents and four students dead.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, Paraguay's president named a new interior minister, in a change spurred by a contraband scandal.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, The Saudi Cabinet announced that first-ever elections would be held for local councils in 14 municipalities throughout the country.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 13, In Sudan, Hassan Turabi, hard-line Islamic leader and top opposition figure, was pardoned after more than 2 years under house arrest as part of a release of political prisoners.
    (AP, 10/13/03)
2003        Oct 13, The UN Security Council approved a resolution expanding the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2004        Oct 13, In Tempe, Ariz., Pres. Bush and Sen John Kerry held their 3rd and final debate trading blows on taxes, gun control, abortion and jobs, striving to cement impressions in voters' minds in the run-up to Election Day.
    (SFC, 10/14/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/05)
2004        Oct 13, National Hockey League games failed to begin as a lockout entered day 27.
    (SFC, 10/12/04, p.A16)
2004        Oct 13, The US government approved a microchip that can be implanted under the skin to provide doctors with patient data. Two weeks after the device's approval took effect on Jan. 10, 2005, Tommy Thompson left his Cabinet post, and within five months was a board member of VeriChip Corp. and Applied Digital Solutions. He was compensated in cash and stock options. In 2007 it was reported that a series of veterinary and toxicology studies, dating to the mid-1990s, stated that chip implants had "induced" malignant tumors in some lab mice and rats.
    (SFC, 10/14/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/9/07)
2004        Oct 13, Bernice Rubens (76), author, died in London. She won the 1970 Booker Prize for “The Elected Member.” Her book "Madame Sousatzka" was turned into a 1988 film.
    (SFC, 12/28/04, p.D12)
2004        Oct 13, The Canadian federal government confirmed that its tax intake massively outweighed spending in the past fiscal year - producing a budget surplus of $9.1 billion.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2004        Oct 13, In Shanghai, China, the Houston Rockets, featuring Yao Ming, played an exhibition basketball game against the Sacramento Kings. Advertisers paid some $10 million to sponsor the game and another in Beijing.
    (WSJ, 10/15/04, p.B1)
2004        Oct 13, In Iraq roadside bombings killed 4 American soldiers in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2004        Oct 13, The Israeli military killed 4 Palestinian militants as troops extended a 2-week operation in the Gaza Strip to silence Palestinian rocket fire.
    (SFC, 10/14/04, p.A8)
2004        Oct 13, A Mexican judge found bus driver Victor Garcia Uribe, guilty of eight slayings, giving prosecutors their second conviction in the decade-long series of murders of women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2004        Oct 13, In Pakistan talks aimed at freeing two Chinese engineers taken hostage by al-Qaida-linked militants in a lawless region near the Afghanistan border have broken down and tribal elders said they would support the military using force to free the pair.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2004        Oct 13, Russia and China settled a dispute over their 2,700-mile border during a visit by Pres. Putin.
    (WSJ, 10/14/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 13, A Russian rocket lifted off in Kazakhstan carrying 2 Russians and an American to replace the crew of the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 10/14/04, p.A2)

2005        Oct 13, US intelligence officials announced the establishment of a National Clandestine Service to run CIA operations and coordinate activities with the Pentagon and FBI.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.A7)
2005        Oct 13, South Korea’s Samsung Electronics agreed to plead guilty to US charges of price fixing memory chips from 1999-2002 and to pay a $300 million fine. In 2006 3 Samsung executives were sentenced to serve up to 8 months in federal prison and fined $250,000 each.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.C1)(SFC, 3/23/06, p.C1)
2005        Oct 13, In Afghanistan Sargon Heinrich (40) of Rio Vista, Ca., head of a building company, was hauled from his boardinghouse in Kabul as Afghan agents arrested patrons there. He refused to pay a bribe for release and was charged on Nov 23 for gun-running, forged ID and refusal to cooperate with authorities. 2 Britons and an Indian faced the same plight. All 4 were released Dec 8.
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.A8)(SFC, 12/10/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 13, An international group of artists, scientists, lawyers, politicians, economists, academics and business experts issued the Adelphi Charter, which set out new principles for copyrights and patents, and calls on governments to apply a new public interest test. The charter stemmed from the 1754 mission of Britain’s Royal Society of Arts.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.67)(www.adelphicharter.org/default.asp)
2005        Oct 13, Argentina and Chile suspended imports of Brazilian meat, joining 28 other countries with similar bans after an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, British playwright Harold Pinter, who juxtaposed the brutal and the banal in such works as "The Caretaker" and "The Birthday Party" and made an art form out of spare language and unbearable silence, won the 2005 Nobel Prize in literature.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Scientists announced the discovery in Argentina of a rooster-size fossil named Buitreraptor gonzalezorum. It dates back 90 million years and closely resembles fossils from the North. It was part of the class called dromaesaurs believed to have originated 180 million years ago in Laurasia.
    (www.livescience.com/animalworld/051012_new_dino.html)
2005        Oct 13, Chinese archeologists reported their find of a 4,000 year-old container in northwestern China of noodles made from millet.
    (SFC, 10/13/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 13, At the Ibero-American Summit in Spain, foreign ministers from Latin America, Spain and Portugal backed Cuba on in two of its battles against the US, calling for an end to the US embargo and the expulsion from the U.S. of a Cuban militant wanted for a 1976 plane bombing.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Lucio Gutierrez, ousted Ecuadorian President said he was renouncing his asylum in Colombia and would return to his own country, where he faces arrest, and attempt to regain power.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, The EU said the bird flu virus found in Turkish poultry was the H5N1 strain that scientists worry might mutate into a human virus and spark a pandemic. Turkey's health minister said the outbreak had been contained.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Germany's highest administrative court has upheld claims to real estate in Berlin by heirs of the Jewish Wertheim family who lost their department store fortune under the Nazis. The department store site is worth some $20 million. The decision opened the way for claims on a total of 24 acres of former Wertheim property in Berlin, which was estimated to be worth some $200 million.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 13, Authorities said the number of people missing in Guatemala after last week's flooding and mudslides rose to 828, while the confirmed death toll held steady at 654.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, In Iraq a US soldier died when by a roadside bomb hit his combat patrol.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, A female suicide bomber blew herself up minutes before an army convoy was to pass on a key highway in Indian Kashmir, the first such attack by a woman in the region's Islamic separatist conflict.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, The UN adopted AU proposals giving Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo a year more in office with the caveat that he cede some powers to the prime minister.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 13, Soccer star George Weah took an early lead as results trickled in from Liberia's first post-war elections, but he seemed likely to face a run-off with former Finance Minister Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, Philippine police fired jets of water and used anti-riot shields to break up a march by about 300 left-wing student activists demanding the ouster of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 10/13/05)
2005        Oct 13, In Russia scores of Islamic militants launched simultaneous attacks on police and government buildings in Nalchik, capital of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya, sparking battles that killed 139 people, including 94 militants. Chechen rebels claimed responsibility for the attacks. President Putin ordered a total blockade of Nalchik, a city of 235,000, to prevent militants from slipping out, and he said armed resisters would be shot.
    (SFC, 10/14/05, p.A11)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.25)(AP, 10/13/06)
2005        Oct 13, Spanish authorities said police have seized 3.5 tons of cocaine in a fishing boat bound for Spain from Venezuela after tip-offs from U.S. authorities.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2006        Oct 13, President Bush signed a law imposing sanctions against people responsible for genocide and war crimes in Sudan. He also signed the Security and Accountability For Every Port Act. It contained language barring the electronic settling of gambling debts, the Unlawful Internet Gaming Enforcement Act (UIGEA).
    (Reuters, 10/13/06)(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.7)
2006        Oct 13, Ohio Representative Bob Ney pleaded guilty in a federal court to conspiracy and making false statements as part of the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Air America Radio, a liberal talk radio network founded in 2004, filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 10/14/06, p.A2)
2006        Oct 13, A jury in Philadelphia said US retail giant Wal-Mart must pay 78 million dollars for violating labor laws in Pennsylvania.
    (SFC, 10/14/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 13, In New York a record-breaking early snowstorm walloped the Buffalo area, leaving thousands without power and 12 people left dead.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(WSJ, 10/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 13, In St. Lucie County, Florida, 4 people, two of them young children, were found shot to death along an isolated stretch of Florida's Turnpike with obvious tire tracks nearby. In 2009 Daniel Troya (26) and co-defendant Ricardo Sanchez Jr. (25) received the death sentence for the slayings.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AP, 5/14/09)
2006        Oct 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeted a NATO convoy, killing a NATO soldier and eight civilians.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Bangladeshi economist Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank he founded won the Nobel Peace Prize for their pioneering use of tiny, seemingly insignificant loans, microcredit, to lift millions out of poverty.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, In Brazil a small private plane with six people aboard went missing after losing contact with air traffic controllers in Vitoria.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, A British coroner ruled that US forces unlawfully killed Terry Lloyd (50), a veteran reporter for the British television network ITN, in the opening days of the Iraq war. He was shot in the back by Iraqi troops who overtook his car, then died after US fire hit a civilian minivan being used as an ambulance and struck him in the head.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, In Britain the chief of staff to the Democratic Republic of Congo's President Joseph Kabila was assaulted and robbed in northwest London while waiting to appear on a television program. Leonard She Okitundu was attacked by a gang who beat him around the head and body with a baseball bat, stripped him of his clothes, and posted pictures of them on the Internet. Okitundu said his attackers shouted that he was working for the Rwandans, and that they would kill anyone who obstructed Bemba.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, The WHO said it has confirmed an outbreak of plague in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 42 deaths reported among 626 suspected cases over the past 10 weeks.
    (Reuters, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, The EU condemned a French bill making it a crime to deny that the World War I-era killing of Armenians in Turkey was genocide, calling it unhelpful at a critical stage in the Muslim country's EU entry talks.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, EU and Indian leaders agreed to boost cooperation in fighting terrorism, particularly by focusing on improving the flow of intelligence.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, The French state rail network said some 1,200 claims for compensation have been leveled against the rail network for its role in helping transport people to Nazi camps during World War II.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, An Indonesia a woman (27) died from bird flu. 2 more deaths from the virus in the next 2 days brought the nation's toll to 55.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 13, At least 15 people were killed in attacks around Iraq, including the commander of a battalion of special Interior Ministry police and six women and two girls who were shot south of Baghdad near Suwayrah. Police found the corpses of 21 murder victims in Duluiyah many of them riddled with bullets and showing signs of torture. Gunmen attacked a farmhouse in Saifiyah and killed an entire family, including five women and three children, in an attack apparently motivated by sectarian hatred. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AFP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 13, Israeli forces killed at least four people in a series of attacks throughout the Gaza Strip. The deaths brought to 13 the number of Palestinians killed by the military in Gaza since the army launched its latest ground incursion early on Oct 12.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Italy’s Economy Minister Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa said tax evasion is a "disease which exists in all countries, but in Italy it is an epidemic." The next day 2005 data on tax returns by the self-employed, among whom evasion is considered particularly rife, made front page news in most of newspapers.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, An Ivory Coast Health Ministry spokesman said the number of people who have died following the dumping of toxic waste around Abidjan has risen to 10.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Fire broke out at Lithuania's only oil refinery, causing millions of dollars in damage and forcing the evacuation of all its workers. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Pakistan’s Interior Minister Aftab Sherpao said security forces had arrested 8 militants with suspected links to Al-Qaeda for an attempted rocket blitz in and around Islamabad. Authorities also seized rockets, grenades, explosives and hundreds of sniper rifle rounds in the arrests at undisclosed locations.
    (AFP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, In Peru Shining Path founder Abimael Guzman, whose messianic communist vision inspired a 12-year rebellion that cost nearly 70,000 lives, was found guilty of aggravated terrorism and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, Russia's Vladimir Kramnik became the first universally recognized world chess champion since 1993, winning a series of timed, tiebreaking games over Bulgaria's Veselin Topalov to take a tournament that reunified the title.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, A Russian court shut down the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society, a human rights group that has exposed abuses against civilians in Chechnya. Director Stanislav Dmitriyevsky denounced the ruling as part of an effort to silence critics of the government's conduct in the violence-torn region.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Somalia's Islamic radicals repulsed an attack by pro-government forces to recapture Kismayo, a vital seaport. Islamic radicals carried out their second public execution in less than a month amid fears of increasing extremist violence. Mahad Osman Ugas (23) was executed by a six-man firing squad as several thousand people watched. A jury convicted him of killing a businessman while trying to steal the man's cell phone.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 13, The UN General Assembly appointed South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon as the next UN secretary-general. The veteran diplomat who grew up during a war that divided his country pledged to make peace with North Korea a top priority.
    (AP, 10/13/06)
2006        Oct 13, Pope Benedict XVI met privately with the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, but the Vatican released no details of the low-key visit that was not even listed on the pontiff's official calendar.
    (AP, 10/13/06)

2007        Oct 13, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, after meeting with human-rights activists in Moscow, told reporters the Russian government under Vladimir Putin had amassed so much central authority that the power-grab could undermine its commitment to democracy.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2007        Oct 13, In San Leandro, Ca., Greg Ballard Jr. (17), was shot to death on the 9200 block of Sunnyside Street in East Oakland. Authorities identified suspect Dwayne Stancill (19), a gang member and son of a police detective, with the help of his picture on the gang’s MySpace page. In 2010 Stancill was convicted of 2nd degree murder.
    (SFC, 10/25/07, p.B3)(SFC, 2/11/10, p.C2)
2007        Oct 13, A suicide bomber on a motorbike detonated his explosives in a crowded marketplace near Afghan police, killing nine people and injuring at least 29.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 13, Some 130 Muslim scholars from most of the world’s Islamic nations issued an inter-religious initiative calling for a strategic dialogue with Christian leaders.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.65)
2007        Oct 13, In Algeria 4 armed Islamists were killed by security forces near the town of Thenia, about 50 kilometers (30 miles) east of Algiers.
    (AFP, 10/15/07)
2007        Oct 13, In southern Bangladesh 5 rear carriages of an overcrowded express train jumped their tracks, killing at least five passengers and injuring more than 100 others.
    (AP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 13, Belgian Countess Andree De Jongh (90), who set up an escape route that helped hundreds of British airmen flee the Nazi occupation of Belgium during World War II, died. De Jongh, a female nurse in a men's world of war resistance, helped found the Comet Line escape route while still in 1940. By the time she was arrested in 1943, she had already brought 118 people, including 80 downed pilots to safety.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 13, State media said China plans to carve a huge national park out of its vast northwest Xinjiang region that would eclipse Yellowstone National Park in size.
    (AP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 13, In Colombia a landslide triggered by local residents digging for rumored deposits of gold in an abandoned mine near Suarez killed at least 21 people and injured another 26.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 13, Bob Denard (78), a French former mercenary who staged coups and led uprisings across Africa and the Middle East, died in Paris.
    (AFP, 10/14/07)(Econ, 10/20/07, p.119)
2007        Oct 13, In Honduras 3 children and a woman were killed when their boat capsized, raising to 21 the death toll from days of torrential rains that have driven thousands from their homes across Central America.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 13, The police commander in Iraq’s northern city of Kirkuk escaped an assassination attempt, although the roadside bomb targeting his convoy killed one of his guards and wounded three others, along with one bystander. Police fatally shot a suicide bomber but his explosives-laden fuel tanker blew up near Samarra's police headquarters, killing 18 and wounding 27 others. Two Catholic priests were kidnapped on their way home from a funeral Mosul. The priests were released the next day.
    (AP, 10/13/07)(AP, 10/14/07)(AP, 10/15/07)
2007        Oct 13, Amnesty International said 4 prominent political activists were arrested in Myanmar as the ruling junta kept up its crackdown on pro-democracy protesters.
    (AP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 13, Dutch police arrested 11 Greenpeace activists who boarded a cargo ship to stop it unloading newsprint paper they suspected was made from ancient trees felled in Canadian forests.
    (AP, 10/13/07)
2007        Oct 13, In southern Thailand 6 European tourists and their two Thai guides died when a flash flood engulfed a cave they were exploring.
    (AFP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 13, At least 15 people were killed in a natural gas blast that partly destroyed an apartment building in the eastern Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk.
    (AFP, 10/13/07)(AP, 10/15/07)

2008        Oct 13, Stock markets rejoiced after governments worldwide launched multibillion-dollar bailouts to shore up banks, and Britain called for a new Bretton Woods agreement to reshape the world financial system. The US Central Bank said it would provide unlimited dollars the European Central Bank, the Bank of England and the Swiss National Bank. Britain committed £37 billion ($64 billion) to capitalize its big banks. Wall Street rebounded with the biggest stock rally since the Great Depression. The DJIA rose 936 points to close at 9,387.61, its largest point gain ever and one of its largest percentage increases.
    (Reuters, 10/13/08)(SFC, 10/14/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/14/08, p.A3)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.83)
2008        Oct 13, Paul Krugman, the Princeton University scholar and New York Times columnist, won the Nobel prize in economics for his analysis of how economies of scale can affect trade patterns and the location of economic activity. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences praised Krugman for formulating a new theory to answer questions about free trade and said his theory has inspired an enormous field of research.
    (AP, 10/13/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.90)
2008        Oct 13, ABC News reported that Tim Mahoney (52), a US Democratic Representative from Florida, had an affair with an aide and then paid her $121,000 to keep her quiet and avoid a sexual harassment suit. His affair with Patricia Allen (50) had begun in 2006.
    (SFC, 10/15/08, p.A6)
2008        Oct 13, In the SF Bay Area fire crews extinguished a fire that had begun a day earlier on Angel Island. All the historic buildings on the island were saved. The fire burned 400 of the island’s 740 acres.
    (SFC, 10/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 13, In Afghanistan 8 civilians were killed in separate insurgent attacks. 5 Afghan men who worked as translators were abducted by unknown gunmen in the eastern province of Paktia as they were driving to Kabul by taxi. A coalition service member was killed and several others were wounded in southern Afghanistan when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)(AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, First ladies from seven west African countries gather in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, for a conference on ways to end female circumcision, a widespread practice in the region despite efforts to end it.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, Cambodian PM Hun Sen gave Thailand an ultimatum to withdraw troops from a disputed stretch of jungle-clad border within 24 hours or his forces would turn the area into a "death zone." Thai troops retreated the next day.
    (Reuters, 10/13/08)(AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, Europe put $2.3 trillion on the line to protect the continent's banks, a figure that dwarfed the Bush administration's $700 billion rescue program.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, The EU temporarily lifted a travel ban on the president of Belarus, a country regarded as Europe's last dictatorship, as relations with the country start to thaw.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, The EU condemned Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe's "unilateral decision" to form a new government and threatened fresh sanctions unless he respects a power-sharing deal. Mugabe swore in his two vice presidents, casting doubt on a new mediation effort aimed at saving a power-sharing deal with the opposition.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, Guillaume Depardieu (37), French film star, died of pneumonia. The often-troubled son of renowned French film star Gerard Depardieu had gained praise for his own career as an actor. In 2003 he Depardieu had his right leg amputated to end years of pain from a bacterial infection that followed a motorcycle accident in 1996.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, In India police arrested seven relatives of a 75-year-old widow for doing nothing to prevent the woman from killing herself by jumping into her husband's funeral pyre.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, Iraq's oil minister met 34 oil company representatives in London to set out the ground rules for foreign multinationals' first bite at the country's enormous energy reserves since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, Israel shut down entry from the West Bank during the 7-day Sukkot holiday. The order bars almost all West Bank Palestinians from entering Israel until Oct. 21.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, Italian police arrested five people in the Calabria region, including the mayor of Rosarno, for suspected ties to the local mob.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, In Pakistan ten Islamic extremists died in a gunbattle with soldiers in the Khawazakhela district of the Swat valley during an ongoing military operation against fighters loyal to local cleric Maulana Fazlullah. Security forces fired mortar and artillery rounds at militants in the Charmang area of the Bajur region overnight, killing nine insurgents. Pro-government tribesmen exchanged fire with militants in the Nawa and Kotkai areas of Bajur. Thirteen militants and two pro-government tribesmen were killed.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)(AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, Singapore's High Court ruled that an opposition party and two of its leaders must pay $416,000 in defamation damages to PM Lee Hsien Loong and his father, former PM Lee Kuan Yew, related to criticism published in 2006 in the party's newspaper.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, In Somalia Islamist insurgents attacked African Union peacekeepers in Mogadishu, triggering fierce clashes that killed a civilian and wounded five others.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, Barbara Hogan, South Africa’s new health minister, broke from a decade of discredited government policies declaring that AIDS is caused by HIV and must be treated by conventional medicine.
    (SFC, 10/14/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 13, In Sri Lanka fighting in the Kilinochchi region killed 11 rebel fighters and two soldiers. Fighting in Jaffna, Vavuniya and Mullaittivu killed nine other rebels.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, Sudanese officials disclosed the arrest of Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-al-Rahman (aka Ali Kushayb), a Janjaweed militia leader who was charged by the Int’l. Criminal court in 2007 for crimes against humanity.
    (SFC, 10/14/08, p.A6)
2008        Oct 13, Swiss authorities said they have found high concentrations of melamine in biscuits from Thailand and Sri Lanka and have called on other European countries to withdraw the products.
    (AP, 10/13/08)
2008        Oct 13, A Venezuelan court issued arrest warrants for eight suspects in the Oct 1 killing of Julio Soto, a student leader who helped organize protests against constitutional amendments proposed by President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2009        Oct 13, It was reported that the FBI has begun using facial-recognition technology on millions of motorists comparing driver’s license photos with pictures of convicts. The project in North Carolina had already helped nab at least one suspect.
    (SFC, 10/13/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 13, The Missouri Dept. of Revenue sent letters to 140 yoga and Pilates telling them they must collect sales tax on fees for their classes and services.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 13, American International Group said it would sell its Taiwan unit for 2.15 billion US dollars as the insurance giant raised money to pay off a huge US government bail-out loan.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Record one-day rain fell in the SF Bay area with 2.64 inches recorded in San Francisco. It was the worst October storm since 1962 and knocked out power for 193,000.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 13, Montana wildlife commissioners shut down gray wolf hunting in backcountry adjacent to Yellowstone National Park after 9 wolves were killed in recent weeks. The statewide quota was kept at 75.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 13, In Ohio a woman being driven around in a rented limousine pulled up at a Burlington coat store and announced she'd won the lottery and would pay for everyone's purchases. Linda Brown (44) ended up causing a riot when customers realized it was a hoax. When the limousine driver realized he wasn't going to be paid the $900 Brown owed him for the day's rental, he turned her in to police.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 13, China and Russia signed a framework agreement that could see a steady flow of natural gas to energy-hungry China from its resource-rich neighbor.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, China’s Xinhua state news agency said 968 children in central China have tested positive for lead poisoning in the latest environmental scandal to erupt in the nation's smelting industry. Residents in Jiyuan city, Henan province, had protested over pollution from three local smelters last month.
    (AFP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Activists from Congo, Rene Ngongo (48), and New Zealand, Alyn Ware (47), and an Ethiopia-based doctor from Australia, Catherine Hamlin (85), won the Right Livelihood Award, also known as the "alternative Nobel," for work to protect rain forests, improve women's health and rid the world of nuclear weapons. The honorary part of the award, without prize money, went to Canadian environmentalist David Suzuki (73) for raising awareness of climate change. Each will receive euro50,000 (US$74,000).
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, A report by a coalition of 84 organizations said more than 1,000 civilians have been killed and nearly 900,000 displaced in eastern Congo by Rwandan Hutu militiamen and Congolese forces since January.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, French soldiers in the Indian Ocean opened fire on pirates, warding off an attack on two French tuna fishing vessels off the Seychelles Islands.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, A German court convicted two men of supporting a radical Islamic group with links to al-Qaida and sentenced them to prison terms. It sentenced Omid Shirkhani, a German of Afghan background, to two years and nine months in prison; and co-defendant Huseyin Ozgun, a Turk, to a year and two months. The court found that both had links to Adem Yilmaz, a Turk living in Germany who is currently on trial over plans to attack US targets in Germany.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Guinea's military government said it has signed a $7 billion mining agreement with a Chinese company. Guinea is the world's largest producer of bauxite, the raw material used to make aluminum, and also produces diamonds and gold. The Hong Kong-based syndicate, China Int’l. Fund or China Sonangol, transferred $100 million to the cash-strapped junta.
    (AP, 10/13/09)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.23)
2009        Oct 13, Iraqi lawmakers approved the return of a limited number of British troops to Iraq to help protect the country's southern oil ports, an area where Iraq is lagging in its ability to provide security. The Iraqi Human Rights Ministry released a report as part of a larger study on the country's human rights situation, saying 85,694 people were killed from 2004-08, and 147,195 were wounded during the same period that followed the US-led invasion. UNESCO said drought has forced more than 100,000 people in northern Iraq to abandon their homes since 2005, with 36,000 more on the verge of leaving.
    (AP, 10/13/09)(AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 13, Rev. Franklin Graham, the son of veteran US evangelist Billy Graham, arrived in North Korea to deliver aid to the impoverished country more than six months after the isolated regime kicked out all American humanitarian groups. Franklin Graham served as the head of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and the aid agency Samaritan's Purse, which have provided more than $10 million in aid to the North since 1997.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Pakistani jets bombed militant targets in the main insurgent stronghold along the Afghan border ahead of an expected ground offensive there. Helicopter gunship attacks killed 26 insurgents in Bajur. Terrorists fired 31 rockets" at a convoy of security forces in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party accepted Egypt's plan for separate signings of a reconciliation deal with Hamas after the Islamist group balked at attending a unity ceremony.
    (Reuters, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants hit southern Israel.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 13, Romania's government fell in a confidence vote in Parliament. Lawmakers said it failed to improve the economy after going into recession following 3 years of growth. A total of 254 parliamentary deputies and senators voted to oust PM Emil Boc, more than the 236 needed, and 176 voted against. Under the constitution it was up to Pres. Traian Basescu to name a new prime minister.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, In Saudi Arabia a shootout between Saudi security forces and al-Qaida militants near, two of whom were disguised as women and wearing explosives belts, left two of the militants and a soldier dead near the southern Yemen border. One of the assailants, Abdullah Hassan Tali Assiri, was captured. The two al-Qaida militants killed were planning to carry out a massive attack. 6 Yemeni accomplices. who were coordinating with the two militants, Youssef al-Shihri and Raed al-Harbi, were later arrested.
    (AP, 10/14/09)(AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 13, In South Africa police fired tear gas and rubber bullets, wounding several protesters demanding better sanitation, electricity and housing in impoverished black townships. Tires burned and rubbish littered the streets of Standerton, 150 km (90 miles) south-east of Johannesburg, and shops were closed after thousands of people marched on the municipal offices in the town from nearby Sakhile township.
    (Reuters, 10/13/09)

2010        Oct 13, It was reported that officials in 50 US states and the District of Columbia have launched a joint investigation into allegations that mortgage companies mishandled documents and broke laws in foreclosing on hundreds of thousands of homeowners.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, US authorities said a vast network of Armenian gangsters and their associates used phantom health care clinics and other means to try to cheat Medicare out of $163 million, the largest fraud by one criminal enterprise in the program's history. Federal prosecutors in New York and elsewhere charged 73 people. The reputed boss, Armen Kazarian (46), was in custody in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Tax officials in Billings, Montana, said developer Tim Blixseth and his wife owe the state $57 million in taxes on the money they drained from the Yellowstone Club. The state faced a deficit of $300 million.
    (SFC, 10/14/10, p.A9)
2010        Oct 13, Mexican national Jose Antonio Medina Arreguin (36) was booked into a Ventura, Ca., county jail after being extradited from his home country. Court documents later showed Medina, accused of being Mexico's "King of Heroin," caught on wiretap conversations talking to coconspirators about drug transactions involving hundreds of thousands of dollars. In March 2011 Arreguin pleaded guilty and faced up to 24 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/13/10)(AP, 3/17/11)
2010        Oct 13, Gen. David Petraeus, NATO's top commander in Afghanistan, offered a cautiously optimistic assessment of the transition of security duties to Afghan forces during a briefing with alliance representatives in Brussels. A senior NATO officials said the alliance had facilitated contacts between senior Taliban members and the highest levels of the Afghan government. In Afghanistan insurgents killed 6 NATO service members, including 4 who died in a single bomb blast in the volatile south. Insurgents at a market fatally shot Ahmed Khan, chief of Dihrawud district in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(SFC, 10/14/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 13, Australia and Indonesia agreed to further discuss plans for a refugee centre in East Timor to stem the flow of asylum seekers through Southeast Asia on their way to Australia.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, In Bahrain top justice official said 23 Shiite activists, detained in a sweeping crackdown by the country's Sunni rulers, have been charged with terrorism and conspiring against the government.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Bangladesh said it would deploy the army at the country's main seaport to keep cargo moving after days of strikes by dock workers hit crucial garment shipments.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, In Brazil Milton Marcondes of the Humpback Whale Institute said at least 75 humpback whales have died in 2010. The previous high was 41 in 2007.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Britain's Lloyds Banking Group said that it will axe another 4,500 jobs, including 1,750 posts outside the UK, as the crisis-hit lender continues its painful restructuring.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Canada declared that bisphenol A is a toxic chemical, prompting calls for far-reaching curbs on the industrial chemical that is used in everything from the linings of aluminum cans to coatings on electronic till receipts.
    (Reuters, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, In Chile the 33 miners trapped for 69 days climbed into a rescue capsule and made a smooth ascent to the surface. All the miners were pulled up through a narrow escape chute from nearly a half-mile down in under 23 hours.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Egypt was reported to have handed down new media requirements that will effectively put all live broadcasts, including TV talk shows and news bulletins, under the control of state television. Several private broadcast service providers said that they received letters from the telecom regulator ending their standing permits to offer live broadcast feeds from Egypt starting from Oct 15.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Hungarian authorities said the threat of another chemical spill had been averted and villagers could return home, as the plant responsible prepared to resume production. The municipal court in Veszprem released MAL's managing director Zoltan Bakonyi, who had been brought in for questioning.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)(AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, welcomed by thousands of Shiite supporters throwing rose petals, sought to pull Lebanon firmly into his country's fold in a visit that underscored the growing power of Tehran and its Lebanese ally, Hezbollah.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Tehran's chief prosecutor said authorities have arrested five people on suspicion of spying for the country's "enemies," a common reference in Iran for the US and Israel.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, In Iraq targeted explosions in Baghdad and northern Iraq wounded 28 people, among them 7 Iranian pilgrims and 9 policemen.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Italy became the latest NATO ally to detail plans to scale down its military presence and hand over territory to Afghan security forces by the end of next year.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Kuwait gave 28 million euros to Mauritania during Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah's whistle-stop visit to the poor northwest African nation.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Malaysia criticized the WHO for failing to tackle the spread of dengue in the region, which saw 242,000 cases of the mosquito-borne disease in 2009 and 831 deaths so far this year.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, In Mexico six prison guards were killed while driving to work in Chihuahua city, capital of Chihuahua state. In the northern state of Sinaloa, two police officers were killed when gunmen ambushed their patrol in Mazatlan.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, A Pakistani government official said international lenders are estimating that this summer's floods caused $9.5 billion in damage to Pakistan's infrastructure, agriculture and other sectors. Gunmen killed Nooruddin Mengal, an ethnic Baluch political activist, as he headed from his suburban home to the city of Kalat. In central Pakistan police arrested a group of Islamist militants plotting to kill the prime minister in a gun and suicide bomb attack at his house. The 7 men were also accused of targeting other government leaders for assassination. A suspected US drone launched 4 missile strikes in North Waziristan killing 11 militants, including 3 foreigners.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(AP, 10/14/10)(SFC, 10/14/10, p.A2) 
2010        Oct 13, The Palestinians called on the US administration and Israel to define Israel's borders after Washington invited proposals to get peace talks back on track.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, In Senegal dancers, traditional praise singers and leaders of three African nations greeted 163 Haitian students who left their earthquake-ravaged country and flew to Senegal, where victims of the calamity are being offered free housing and scholarships.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad told visiting Iraqi premier Nuri al-Maliki that better ties between the two nations will be strengthened by the formation of a new Iraqi government.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, In the Ukraine for the second time in two days, a vehicle ignored a warning light at a railroad crossing and was hit by a train in a fatal accident killing 2 people.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2011        Oct 13, In NYC Galleon Group founder Raj Rajaratnam (54) was sentenced to 11 years in prison, the longest insider trading sentence ever. He was also fined $10 million and ordered to forfeit $53.8 million. US District Judge Richard J. Holwell said he concluded that Rajaratnam made well over $50 million in profits from his illegal trades.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In eastern Colorado a 5 children and man were killed when their van collided with a tractor-trailer.
    (SFC, 10/14/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 13, Afghan police took ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai (30) to hospital by ambulance and dismantled the tent where she had observed a 12-day hunger strike to protest against being disqualified from parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Austria a Saudi-backed interfaith center, the "King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Center for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue," was inaugurated in Vienna, igniting debate over the subject of religious tolerance.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck (31), the fifth Dragon King, married his commoner bride, Jetsun Pema (21).
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Brazil an explosion, likely caused by a gas leak, ripped through a restaurant in downtown Rio de Janeiro, killing at least three people and injuring 13.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Ten Cameroonian presidential candidates were reported to have filed requests with the Supreme Court for the October 9 poll to be nullified over alleged irregularities.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Nguema Obiang signed a decree nominating his playboy son, Teodoro Obiang Mangue, as his deputy envoy to UNESCO in apparent retaliation for the UN body's refusal to award a prize named in his honor. The news was made public on Oct 19. Teodorin's appointment was announced on the same day that Human Rights Watch urged United States authorities to move quickly to probe his alleged corruption and money-laundering.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 13, In France a high school math teacher in the city of Beziers sprayed herself with a flammable product and set herself alight in the school yard during recreation. She was hospitalized with serious burns.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, German police found bottles filled with a potentially explosive mix of liquid and powder beside train tracks in southwestern Berlin, the 16th firebomb discovered in four days.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Haitian President Michel Martelly said he's determined to move forward with a controversial plan to bring back the army to the Caribbean nation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Indonesia a 6.0 earthquake jolted the island of Bali, injuring dozens of people and causing panic as hundreds of tourists fled violently shaking buildings.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Greenpeace UK director John Sauven was blocked by immigration officials on arrival at Jakarta international airport and was sent back that night to Britain. He had arrived to campaign against deforestation.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Iraq 2 night time explosions in Sadr City, a Shiite neighborhood of eastern Baghdad, killed 17 people and wounded around 50 others.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, Kazakhstan's Pres. Nursultan Nazarbayev approved a bill tightening registration rules for religious groups that has been described by critics as a blow to freedom of belief in the ex-Soviet nation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Libya new regime fighters moved from house to house in Sirte, hunting for weapons or suspected Kadhafi fighters and sometimes making off with bags full of looted possessions and leaving trashed homes in their wake. NTC commanders said the Kadhafi remnants were cornered within about two square km (500 acres) of the city.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)(AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, In Nigeria protesters marched to an army barracks to demand justice for the death of the cell phone market chairman known as Umar Quality.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Pakistani and US diplomats vowed to strengthen their troubled alliance two days after Washington acknowledged for the first time that it is waging "war" against militants in Pakistan. US drone strikes killed 10 militants, including Janbaz Zadran, a commander in the Haqqani network that the US military has linked to Pakistani intelligence.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 13, A Hamas official said that close to 200 of the 450 Palestinians to be freed in the first phase of a swap for a captured Israeli soldier will not be allowed to return to their homes in the West Bank, Gaza or east Jerusalem, suggesting a substantial number may face deportation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, A Papua New Guinea Dash 8 passenger plane carrying 32 people crashed near the coast. Witness reports said only four people on board had survived.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)(SFC, 10/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 13, Air traffic between Senegal and Mauritania resumed after a three-month pause, ending a row over onward flights.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Slovakia’s Parliament approved an expanded EU fund in a repeat vote after the opposition voted in favor in exchange for early elections.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, Somali Islamist Shebab rebels kidnapped two female Spanish aid workers from Kenya's Dadaab refugee camp, the third kidnapping of foreigners in just over a month.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Malawi for a regional trade summit, in defiance of the international war crimes warrant against him.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Syrian troops clashed with armed men believed to be military defectors in a southern village and a northwestern town, killing at least 13 people in the latest sign that the 7-month-old uprising against President Bashar Assad is becoming increasingly militarized.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Thailand issued a flood warning for parts of Bangkok's northern outskirts after a dyke burst, in a setback to efforts to protect the city of 12 million people from the rising water. Unusually heavy monsoon rains have killed at least 283 people.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Turkey's foreign minister said that Iraq should move to prevent Kurdish attacks on his country from Iraqi soil as the two countries renewed their commitment to fight the rebels.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Uganda charged three top ruling party officials, including recently resigned foreign minister Sam Kutesa, with abuse of office on charges that they allegedly misused funds meant for hosting the 2007 Commonwealth summit.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 13, Ukraine's Pres. Viktor Yanukovych, facing harsh Western criticism, said that he backs legal reforms that could allow the release of imprisoned former PM Yulia Tymoshenko.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2012        Oct 13, In southern Afghanistan 6 people, including 2 Americans, were killed an attack where a suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up at a local intelligence office in Kandahar province. The bomber wore a uniform of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security, or NDS. A second attack killed two Afghan policemen and left three others wounded in Qalat, the capital of neighboring Zabul province. A NATO service member with the US-led coalition was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 10/13/12)(AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 13, In northwestern China's Gansu province Tamdrin Dorjee (52) died at the scene near Tsoe Monastery after setting himself on fire in protest of Chinese rule. Free Tibet said the man is the grandfather of the 7th Gungthang Rinpoche.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, Egypt's prosecutor general defied a presidential decision to remove him from his post, entering his office in a downtown Cairo courthouse flanked by security and hundreds of judicial officials. President Morsi had ordered Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud to step down in an apparent bid to appease public anger over the acquittals of ex-regime officials accused of orchestrating violence against protesters last year. Morsi backed down from his decision to remove Mahmoud, keeping him in his post and sidestepping a potential clash with the country's powerful judiciary.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, French President Francois Hollande said his country was committed to facilitating freedom of movement, exchange and trade within the French-speaking world during a visit to Congo for the Francophonie Summit.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, In Haiti visiting Nobel peace laureate Mohammad Yunus, a Bangladeshi banker, announced that his pro-business development group is financing several endeavors through a mix of loans and equity.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, An Israeli airstrike killed two people in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli military says one is Hisham Saidani (43), a member of a faction of the ultraconservative Salafi trend believed to have ties to al-Qaida. Militants on jihadi websites identified the other dead man as Ashraf Sabah (37), leader of another al-Qaida inspired group, Ansar al-Sunnah.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 13, In Japan global financial ministers ended their annual IMF meeting with a call for quick and effective action to safeguard faltering economic growth.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, p.A7)
2012        Oct 13, Mauritania’s President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz was lightly wounded by friendly fire after his vehicle was fired upon by the military on the outskirts of the capital, Nouakchott.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb tore through a crowded bazaar outside an office for anti-Taliban tribal elders, killing at least 17 people in Darra Adam Khel, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which relies on a network of activists on the ground, said regime forces were pounding the rebel stronghold of Homs in central Syria with mortars and artillery. The southern province of Daraa also sustained shelling by the Syrian army. Fighting between army troops and rebels raged around Idlib province and in and around the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 10/13/12)
2012        Oct 13, Syria's state-run news agency SANA says Syria has decided to ban Turkish Airlines flights from Syrian airspace.
    (AP, 10/13/12)

2013        Oct 13, In eastern Afghanistan an Afghan man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot at US soldiers, killing at least one serviceman. The so-called "insider attack" in Paktika province was the 4th in under a month.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, A detachment of Angolan troops crossed into neighboring Congo Republic and detained a group of Congolese soldiers. The incident highlights tensions around Angola's oil-rich Cabinda enclave, which is separated from the rest of Angola and surrounded by Congo Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo. 55 soldiers of the Republic of Congo were released on Oct 18.
    (Reuters, 10/17/13)(AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 13, Brazilian officials said at least 12 people were killed and six left missing when a boat carrying Catholic pilgrims capsized on the Amazon River.
    (SFC, 10/14/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 13, China’s PM Li Keqiang arrived in Vietnam for a 3-day visit.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.49)
2013        Oct 13, Companies involved in a $1.27 billion project to develop a business district around Britain’s Manchester airpor announced that Chinese construction giant Beijing Construction Engineering Group (BCEG) has signed a deal with British firms to develop the area.
    (AFP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, In Dubai 3 workers were killed when a crane collapsed at a construction site near the Burj Khalifa, the world's tallest building.
    (AP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 13, An Egyptian army MiG-21 aircraft crashed near the southern city of Luxor, leaving one person dead and three others injured on the ground after the crew ejected.
    (AFP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, Egyptian security officials said James Henry (66), a retired US citizen detained in August for violating curfew in Sinai, was found dead in his jail cell after he used his belt and shoe laces to hang himself.
    (AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, In Ethiopia an explosion killed two people and impacted a home used by US Embassy personnel in Addis Ababa. Two Somali suicide bombers, who had planned to kill soccer fans during Ethiopia's World Cup qualifying match against Nigeria, blew themselves up accidentally.
    (AP, 10/13/13)(Reuters, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 13, In India at least 115 people were killed and more than 100 injured in a stampede after a bridge collapsed near a remote Hindu temple in Ithe central state of Madhya Pradesh.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)(AP, 10/14/13)(AFP, 10/15/13)
2013        Oct 13, In Iraq a series of bombs killed at least 31 people in mostly Shi'ite Muslim provinces ahead of the Muslim feast of Eid al-Adha. Altogether 11 bombs were detonated by remote control.
    (AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, Israel displayed what it called a Palestinian "terror tunnel" running into its territory from the Gaza Strip and said it was subsequently freezing the transfer of building material to the enclave.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, In a report published by The Lancet Swiss radiation experts confirmed they found traces of polonium on clothing used by Yasser Arafat (d.2004) supporting the possibility the Palestinian leader was poisoned.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 13, A number of North Korean officers and sailors died while a submarine chaser was performing "combat duties." At least 19 sailors were believed killed. Photos of stone markers released by state media on Nov 2 showed "Oct. 13" inscribed on them.
    (AP, 11/4/13)(Reuters, 11/4/13)
2013        Oct 13, In Romania thousands marched across the country to protest against a Canadian company's plans to open a gold mine seen as a threat to the environment, and called for the government's resignation.
    (AFP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, In Russia a mob of nationalists, joined by locals and pensioners in the Moscow suburb of Biryulyovo, smashed up a vegetable market over the murder of an ethnic Russian by a Caucasian migrant.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.58)
2013        Oct 13, In Saudi Arabia Muslims from across the world poured into a sprawling tent city in the Saudi desert before the start of the annual Islamic hajj pilgrimage. The number of the pilgrims this year has been reduced in part by concerns over a respiratory virus centered in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, In South Africa Julius Malema, former head of the ANC’s Youth League, launched his Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party in Marikana.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.54)
2013        Oct 13, In Sudan 3 Senegalese UNAMID peacekeepers were killed and one injured in an attack by unidentified gunmen in West Darfur.
    (AP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 13, In northwest Syria gunmen kidnapped 7 Red Cross workers after opening fire on their vehicles. 3 ICRC and a Red Crescent colleague were soon released.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)(AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 13, The Vatican beatified 522 people — mostly priests and nuns — who were killed in the turmoil that led to Spain's 1936-39 civil war.
    (AP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, In Yemen Faisal al-Mikhlafi, a college professor and brother of a prominent tribal leader, was gunned down in Taiz.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.53)

2014        Oct 13, US Central Command said the US and Saudi Arabia launched eight airstrikes yesterday and today against Islamic State targets in Syria, including seven near Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, US plane giant Boeing said Indonesian flag carrier Garuda has placed an order for 50 planes worth almost $5 billion.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, In Half Moon Bay, Ca., a pumpkin from Napa weighing 2,058 pounds, won first prize in the city’s 41st annual weigh-off. This was the biggest to date for the Half Moon Bay event.
    (SFC, 10/14/14, p.C1)
2014        Oct 13, In northern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents ambushed a convoy of Afghan security forces in Sar-e-Pul province, killing 22 soldiers and police. A suicide car bomber killed one civilian in Kabul. A suicide bomber in Nangarhar province killed 2 people.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, In Algeria clashes broken out between Arabs and Berbers near the southern desert town of Ghardaia, with two people killed and businesses torched. National Police Chief Abdelghani Hamel visited the province in a bid to restore calm after hundreds of policemen staged a march in Ghardaia to protest against attacks on them by gangs of youths.
    (Reuters, 10/14/14)
2014        Oct 13, Austria's top court reduced on appeal to three years a jail term imposed on an Ernst Strasser, an ex-European Parliament member, for offering to propose amendments to laws in exchange for 100,000 euros ($126,830) a year.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, The British House of Commons in a symbolic move voted 274 to 12 in favor of recognizing Palestine as a state.
    (SFC, 10/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 13, China’s state media said a court in western Xinjiang region has sentenced to death 12 people blamed for terrorist attacks that killed 37 people in July.
    (AP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, In China Comcast NBCUniversal and a consortium of four Chinese state-owned companies announced the approval of the development of a $3.3 billion Universal theme park in Beijing that would be the first major foreign-owned theme park in the Chinese capital.
    (AP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, In southern Egypt 30 people died in a collision between three minibuses in Aswan province.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, A magnitude 7.4 earthquake off the Pacific coast of El Salvador disrupted power to several communities and claimed the life of one man who had been sleeping on a street. The quake was part of a series of strong temblors that rattled much of Central America.
    (AP, 10/14/14)
2014        Oct 13, French economist Jean Tirole won the Nobel economics prize for showing how to encourage better products and competitive prices in industries dominated by a few companies.
    (AP, 10/13/14)(SFC, 10/14/14, p.D1)
2014        Oct 13, In Hong Kong police began removing some barricades in the areas of Central and Admiralty, home to global financial institutions and government buildings Hundreds of people, which included taxi and truck drivers, tore down protest barriers in the business district, scuffling with protesters who have occupied the streets for two weeks.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, Typhoon Vongfong barreled into Japan's main islands, with at least 2 people killed, one person missing and scores injured while more than 550 flights were grounded.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)(Reuters, 10/14/14)
2014        Oct 13, Kurdish fighters engaged in fierce clashes with jihadists on the Turkish border near Kobane, as Ankara denied allowing Washington to use its bases against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, Madagascar's former president Marc Ravalomanana was arrested just hours after he returned to the island nation following years in exile in South Africa.
    (AP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, In southern Mexico hundreds of students and teachers smashed windows at a Guerrero state capital building complex before setting fire to some of the buildings in Chilpancingo in response to the Sept. 26 disappearance of 43 students from a rural teachers' college.
    (AP, 10/14/14)
2014        Oct 13, In Mexico armed men seized Erica Alvarado Rivera (26), her boyfriend, and her brothers, Alex (22) and Jose Angel (21) in El Control, a small town near the Texas border west of Matamoros. The three siblings from Progreso, Texas, were visiting their father. Erica was the mother of four children aged 3-9. The armed men had identified themselves as part of Grupo Hercules, a recently formed police security unit for Matamoros city officials.
    (AP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 13, In northern Nigeria 9 teenage girls died and three were listed missing after a passenger boat capsized on a river in Kano state.
    (AFP, 10/15/14)
2014        Oct 13, South Korean messaging app Kakao Talk said it will stop fully cooperating with authorities seeking to access private messages as part of a government crackdown on online criticism.
    (AP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, Sri Lanka opened the rail link between the capital Colombo and the northern city of Jaffna, more than two decades after its destruction in a civil war, amid hopes that it will give a boost to reconciliation efforts.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, In Syria Abu Aboud, the head of "White Shroud," said the group has killed more than 100 Islamic State fighters in attacks in Deir al-Zor province in recent months and that the group’s main aim is to generate fear in Islamic State's ranks. The government carried out some 40 air strikes in Hama and Idlib provinces.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)(Econ, 10/18/14, p.47)
2014        Oct 13, Thai police found scores of sick and exhausted boat people hiding on a remote island. All but one of the 79 suspected human-trafficking victims were from Bangladesh. The discovery brought to more than 130 the number of people found since Oct 11 in Phang Nga province.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, Turkish air force bombed Kurdish fighters furious over Ankara's refusal to help protect their kin in Syria. Bombs on PKK targets after they reportedly attacked a military outpost in the Daglica region.
    (Reuters, 10/14/14)
2014        Oct 13, UN Sec.-Gen. Ban Ki-moon called on Israel to scrap plans to expand settlements in East Jerusalem, which Palestinians want as the capital of a future state, and urged both sides to return to peace talks.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, Yemen's president appointed diplomat Khaled Bahah (b.1965), a former oil minister, as prime minister, after securing backing of Islamists as well as Shiite rebels who control the capital amid hopes of easing a political deadlock in the impoverished, violence-stricken country.
    (AP, 10/13/14)

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