Today in History - October 14

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For Asian History https://www.asiaobserver.org/2019/10/14

2019        Oct 14, Pres. Donald Trump spoke directly to the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan to demand an immediate ceasefire in Syria while announcing a series of punishments for Ankara that critics saw as an attempt to save face. Trump announced sanctions aimed at restraining the Turks' assault against Kurdish fighters and civilians in Syria. A US official said the approximately 1,000 US troops being withdrawn from northern Syria will reposition in Iraq, Kuwait and possibly Jordan.
    (The Guardian    , 10/15/19)(AP, 10/15/19)
2019        Oct 14, A handful of US states celebrated their first Indigenous Peoples' Day as part of a trend to move away from a day honoring Christopher Columbus. Native American advocates have pressed states for the change since 1992.
    (SFC, 10/15/19, p.A5)
2019        Oct 14, In northern California a man was arrested on suspicion of killing four people after he showed up at a police station in Mount Shasta with a body in his car. Roseville police said they found three other bodies at his apartment.
    (AP, 10/15/19)
2019        Oct 14, Harold Bloom (b.1930), American literary critic, died at a hospital in Connecticut. His books included "The Book of J" (1990), "The Western Canon: Books and School of the Ages" (1994) and "Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human" (1998).
    (SFC, 10/17/19, p.C4)
2019        Oct 14, In Texas Aaron Dean (34), the white Fort Worth police officer who shot and killed a black woman through a back window of her home while responding to a call about an open front door, was charged with murder after resigning from the force.
    (AP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Abhijit Binayak Banerjee (b.1961), eminent India-born American economist, shared the 2019 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer, "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty." Banerjee along with wife Esther Duflo are the sixth married couple to jointly win a Nobel Prize.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abhijit_Banerjee)
2019        Oct 14, In Austria an Afghan asylum-seeker (33) killed a farmer and severely injured a social worker at his shelter in Wullowitz. He was known to the authorities for previous violent acts.
    (AP, 10/15/19)
2019        Oct 14, Climate activists targeted BlackRock, the world's biggest asset manager, in London, demanding that major financial institutions starve fossil fuel companies of the money they need to build new mines, wells and pipelines.
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Greenpeace activists boarded two Royal Dutch Shell oil platforms in the British North Sea in protest against plans to leave parts of the giant structures in place after production shuts down.
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Author Bernardine Evaristo (60) won the Booker Prize for her novel "Girl, Woman, Other." She split the 50,000 pounds ($62,800) prize with Margaret Atwood, Canadian author of "The Testaments", in a surprise double award. Of Nigerian and British parentage, Evaristo was the first black woman to win the prize.
    (Reuters, 10/27/19)
2019        Oct 14, British PM Boris Johnson set out his government's priorities at a parliamentary ceremony. Queen Elizabeth II announced in a speech to lawmakers a list of 26 new bills ranging from implementing a yet-to-be finalized EU divorce agreement to criminal sentencing and the environment.
    (AFP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, A team of British experts arrived in Iran to begin work to upgrade the Arak heavy water nuclear reactor under a deal known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
    (AP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Cambodian police arrested the Turkish-Mexican former director of a school run by the movement of US-based Turkish cleric Fethullah Gulen, who Ankara blames for a failed 2016 coup. His wife feared he would be deported to Turkey.
    (AP, 10/19/19)
2019        Oct 14, PM Mette Frederiksen said Denmark said it will fast-track legislation allowing people with dual citizenship who have gone abroad to fight for militant groups like Islamic State to be stripped of their Danish nationality.
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, In Guinea protesters burned tires and threw stones at police in Conakry in the first of a series of planned demonstrations against a possible change to the constitution that could let President Alpha Conde seek a third term.
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani urged Turkey to halt its military offensive against Kurdish forces in northern Syria.
    (AP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Iran's paramilitary Revolutionary Guard said it has arrested an exiled journalist who helped fan the flames of nationwide economic protests that struck the country at the end of 2017. Ruhollah Zam ran a website called AmadNews that posted embarrassing videos and information about Iranian officials.
    (AP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, In Libya an airstrike slammed into a house in Tripoli, killing three children and wounding a women and a child. The Tripoli-based government blamed the airstrike on Gen. Khalifa Hifter's forces, the so-called Libyan National Army.
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Saudi Arabia and Russia signed a key deal to bolster cooperation among the world's oil giants. Visiting President Vladimir Putin and Saudi King Salman, penned a string of multi-million-dollar investment contracts targeting the aerospace, culture, health, advanced technology and agriculture sectors.
    (AFP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, It was reported that South Korea is deploying snipers to the Demilitarized Zone with orders to shoot any wild boar that are seen in the buffer zone with North Korea before they can bring more cases of African swine fever into the South.
    (The Telegraph, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Spain's Supreme Court jailed nine Catalan separatist leaders for between nine and 13 years for their role in the failed 2017 independence bid, a decision that triggered protests in the region and left the future course of the dispute uncertain. Riot police charged at protesters outside Barcelona's airport following the sentencing.
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)(AP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Sudan's new transitional government met with rebel leaders, kicking off peace talks aimed at ending the country's yearslong civil wars.
    (AP, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Syrian government troops moved into towns and villages in northern Syria, setting up a potential clash with Turkish-led forces advancing in the area as long-standing alliances in the region begin to crumble following the pullback of US forces. Assadís forces began entering northeast Syria in large numbers for the first time in years after the Westís Kurdish allies agreed to a Russian-brokered deal to try to hold off a Turkish onslaught.
    (AP, 10/14/19)(The Telegraph, 10/14/19)
2019        Oct 14, Zimbabwe said it expects to increase diamond production to 11 million carats by 2023 from 3.2 million carats last year, part of an ambitious plan to raise mining output and earn the country $12 billion a year.   
    (Reuters, 10/14/19)

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