Today in History - October 14

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0530        Oct 14, Dioscurus, anti-Pope (530), died.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1066        Oct 14, King Harold and his army locked into a massive shield wall and faced Duke William, William the Conqueror, and his mounted knights near the town of Hastings, Battle of Hastings. Duke William planned a three point attack plan that included a)heavy archery b)attack by foot soldiers c)attack by mounted knights at any weak point of defense. The bloody battle gave the name Sen Lac Hill to the battle site. The Normans won out after Harold was killed by a fluke arrow. This placed William on the throne of England.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)

1536        Oct 14, Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet and diplomat, died in battle.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1542        Oct 14, Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din, 3rd Mogul emperor of India (1556-1605), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1582        Oct 14, This day was one of ten skipped to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990, J. Boslough)

1585        Oct 14, Heinrich Schutz, German royal chaplain master and composer (Daphne), was born. [see Oct 8]
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1586        Oct 14, Mary, Queen of Scots, went on trial in England, accused of committing treason against Queen Elizabeth the First. Mary was beheaded in February 1587.
    (AP, 10/14/06)

1628        Oct 14, Iacopo Nigreti (b.~1548-50), prolific and facile Venetian Mannerist painter, died. He is best known as Jacopo Palma il Giovane or simply Palma Giovane ("Young Palma"). His paintings included ~ez_ldquo~Yael Killing Sisera,~ez_rdquo~ a depiction of the Book of Judges Biblical story of the heroine, Yael of Jael, who killed Sisera to deliver Israel from the troops of king Jabin. She was the wife of Heber the Kenite.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yael)

1631        Oct 14, The ship Our Lady of Juncal set sail from the Gulf coast port of Veracruz, as part of a 19-ship fleet bearing described only as "a valuable shipment of the goods obtained by the king's ministers to feed the Spanish empire." Most of the fleet never made it.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

1633        Oct 14, James II Stuart, king of England and Scotland (James VII) (1685-88), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1644        Oct 14, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, or Penn's Woods, was born.
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1651        Oct 14, Laws were passed in Massachusetts forbidding the poor to adopt excessive styles of dress.
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1705        Oct 14, The English Navy captured Barcelona in Spain.
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1734        Oct 14, Francis Lightfoot Lee, US farmer and signer of the Declaration of Independence), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1773        Oct 14, Britain's East India Company tea ships' cargo was burned at Annapolis, Md.
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1806        Oct 14, The forces of French Emperor Napoleon I defeated the Prussians in the twin battles of Jena and Auerstadt.
    (AP, 10/14/07)

1809        Oct 14, The Treaty of Schönbrunn, also known as the Treaty of Vienna, ended hostilities between France and Austria. This treaty ended the Fifth Coalition during the Napoleonic Wars.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.371)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Sch%C3%B6nbrunn)

1832        Oct 14, Blackfeet Indians attacked American Fur Company trappers near Montana~ez_rsquo~s Jefferson River, killing one.
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1871        Oct 14, Alexander von Zemlinsky (d.1942), composer (Schneeman), was born in Vienna, Austria. His work included ~ez_ldquo~Frulingsbegrabnis~ez_rdquo~ (a cantata from 1897), ~ez_ldquo~Die Seejunbfrau~ez_rdquo~ (1902-1903), ~ez_ldquo~Eine Florentinische Tragodie~ez_rdquo~ (an opera from 1914-1915), ~ez_ldquo~Symphonic Songs~ez_rdquo~ (1929), and ~ez_ldquo~Der Zwerg~ez_rdquo~ (The Dwarf, an opera from 1921) and 7 other operas.
    (WSJ, 6/11/98, p.A20)(MC, 10/14/01)
1871        Oct 8-14, In Peshtigo, Wisc., over 1,200 people were killed in the nation~ez_rsquo~s worst forest fire, which burned across six counties and into Michigan.
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(MC, 10/8/01)

1877        Oct 14, A storm in the Bay of Biscay caused the British pontoon ship Cleopatra, carrying  the obelisk of Alexandria, to tilt precariously in the sea. 6 seamen from the tow ship Olga died as they tried to assist the men on the Cleopatra.
    (ON, 6/20/11, p.10)

1880        Oct 14, Apache leader Victorio was slain in Mexico by the Mexican army. [see Oct 15]
    (HN, 10/14/98)(MC, 10/14/01)

1882        Oct 14, Eamon DeValera, Taoiseach and President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59), was born in NY.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1884        Oct 14, Transparent paper-strip photographic film was patented by George Eastman. He had invented a flexible paper-backed film that could be wound on rollers. To encourage amateur photography and film sales, Eastman developed a simple black box camera that cost $25 and came already loaded with a 100-exposure roll of film. When the roll was used up, the entire No. 1 Kodak camera was shipped back to Eastman's factory for developing and reloading, at a cost of only $10. Eastman's photographic improvements proved successful, with 13,000 cameras sold in 1888. The roll holder was designed by William Hall Walker. Eastman renamed his corporation the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company.
    (HN, 7/12/99)(HN, 10/14/00)(ON, 3/05, p.11)

1888        Oct 14, Katherine Mansfield, short story writer, was born.
    (HN, 10/14/00)

1890        Oct 14, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States (1953-1961), was born in Denison, Texas.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)

1894        Oct 14, e.e. cummings (d.1962), American poet, was born. "To be nobody but myself -- in a world which is doing its best, night and day, to make you everybody else -- means to fight the hardest battle which any human being can fight, and never stop fighting."
    (AP, 10/14/98)(HN, 10/14/98)

1896        Oct 14, Lilian Gish, American actress, was born.
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1899        Oct 14, Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departed for South Africa. Shortly after his arrival he was caught in an ambush and taken prisoner in Pretoria from whence he escaped. In 1999 his granddaughter Celia Sandys authored "Churchill: Wanted Dead Or Alive."
    (WSJ, 12/29/99, p.A12)(MC, 10/14/01)

1901        Oct 14, Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I Were King," premiered in NYC (Francois Villon).
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1905        Oct 14, Eugene Fodor, Hungarian-born travel writer, was born.
    (HN, 10/14/00)

1906        Oct 14, Hannah Arendt, historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), was born in Germany.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1908        Oct 14,  The E.M. Forster novel "A Room With a View" was first published.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
1908        Oct 14, The Chicago Cubs won the World Series as they defeated the Detroit Tigers in Game 5, 2-0, at Bennett Park.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

1911        Oct 14, Le Duc Tho (d.1990), North Vietnamese representative at Paris peace talk (1970-72), was born. He declined the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.
    (AP, 10/16/98)(MC, 10/14/01)
1911        Oct 14, John Marshall Harlan (b.1833), US Supreme Court Justice, died after serving 34 years. A memoir written by his wife, Malvina, was later discovered and published in 2002: "Some Memories of a Long Life (1854-1911)"
    (WSJ, 5/28/02, p.D7)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/44/)
1911        Oct 14, Revolution in China began with a bomb explosion and the discovery of revolutionary headquarters in Hankow. The revolutionary movement spread rapidly through west and southern China, forcing the abdication of the last Ch'ing emperor, six-year-old Henry Pu-Yi. [see Oct 10]
    (HN, 10/14/98)

1912        Oct 14, Theodore Roosevelt, former president and the Bull Moose Party candidate, was shot at close range by anarchist William Schrenk while greeting the public in front of the Hotel Gilpatrick in Milwaukee while campaigning for the presidency. He was saved by the papers in his breast pocket and still managed to give a 90 minute address in Milwaukee after requesting his audience to be quiet because ~ez_ldquo~there is a bullet in my body.~ez_rdquo~ Schrenk was captured and uttered the now famous words  "any man looking for a third term ought to be shot."
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 10/14/97)(WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(HN, 10/14/98)(MC, 10/14/01)

1913        Oct 14, An explosion in a coal mine in Cardiff, Wales, killed 439.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1914        Oct 14, The Health Dept. of San Francisco~ez_rsquo~s reported on the petition of the Jones Draying Co. that its stable at 847 Harrison, where 35 horses are kept, should be cleaned and whitewashed. The manager maintained that cobwebs helped control flies much better than whitewash.
    (SSFC, 10/12/14, p.42)

1916        Oct 14, C. Everett Koop, U.S. Surgeon General (1981-1989), was born.
    (HN, 10/14/00)(MC, 10/14/01)

1918        Oct 14, In France the American 32nd division was sent to engage German troops on the Dame Marie, while the 5th and 42nd Divisions under Gen. Douglas MacArthur swept in pincer movements to occupy Cote de Chatillon. The objectives were taken in 3 days of tough fighting. In 2008 Robert H. Ferrell authored ~ez_ldquo~The Question of MacArthur~ez_rsquo~s Reputation: Cote de Chatillon, October 14-16, 1918.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 11/24/08, p.A17)

1922        Oct 14, The 1st automated telephones began service at the Pennsylvania exchange in NYC.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1926        Oct 14, Son Thomas, blues guitarist and singer, was born.
    (HN, 10/14/00)
1926        Oct 14, The book "Winnie-the-Pooh" by Alan Alexander Milne (d.1956)  was released. Milne wrote this and other stories, centering the tales around his little son, Christopher Robin, and Christopher's stuffed animals, like the honey-loving Pooh Bear, Eeyore (the donkey), Piglet and Tigger. The geography was based on real places in 14,000 acres of Ashdown Forest, in the northwest corner of East Sussex, England.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.107)(MC, 10/14/01)

1927        Oct 14, Roger Moore, actor (Alaskans, Maverick, Saint, 007), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1930        Oct 14, Robert Parker, US saxophonist  and soul singer (Barefootin'), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1930        Oct 14, Singer Ethel Merman stuns the audience when she held a high C for sixteen bars while singing "I Got Rhythm" during her Broadway debut in Gershwin's Girl Crazy.
    (HN, 10/14/00)

1933        Oct 14, The Geneva disarmament conference broke up as Germany proclaimed withdrawal from the disarmament initiative, as well as from the League of Nations, effective October 23.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)

1938        Oct 14, John Dean III, former White House counsel (Watergate figure), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1938        Oct 14, Nazis planned Jewish ghettos for all major cities.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1939        Oct 14, Ralph Lauren, fashion designer (Chaps), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1939        Oct 14, The German U-47, commanded by Kapitan Gunther Prien, sank the British battleship HMS Royal Oak at Scapa Flow, Scotland, and 833 people were killed. This prompted Churchill to order the creation of concrete barriers at the eastern entrance of Scapa Flow.
    (SFEM, 10/10/99, p.49)(http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/hoy/scapa/)

1941        Oct 14, The 1st mass deportations took place at Kovno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1943        Oct 14, US 8th Air Force lost 60 B-17 bombers during assault on Schweinfurt.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1943        Oct 14, In Germany Rev. Max Josef Metzger was sentenced to death for treason by Roland Freisler, chief judge of the Nazi~ez_rsquo~s People~ez_rsquo~s Court. He had written a letter to the British government that denounced the Nazis and called for a German state based on Christian democratic and legal principles. He was exonerated by a Berlin court in 1997
    (SFC, 5/3/97, p.A10)
1943        Oct 14, Some 300 of 600 prisoners escaped from the Nazi~ez_rsquo~s Sobibor death camp in Poland. Alexander Pechersky, a Russian officer of Jewish origin, roused his fellow prisoners to rebellion. The event was later documented in the book "Escape from Sobibor" by Richard Rashke (1982) and the film of the same name with Alan Arkin. Josef Vallaster, an Austrian guard, was among 11 SS officers and 11 Ukrainians killed in the escape. Most of the escaped prisoners were killed as they fled. Only 50 prisoners survived the war. Vallaster had operated the motor that funneled gas into Sobibor~ez_rsquo~s shower rooms. After the uprising at Sobibor, the Nazis shut it down and leveled it to the ground, replanting over it to cover their tracks.
    (SFC, 7/11/03, p.A19)(SSFC, 2/17/08, p.A8)(AP, 8/21/12)(AFP, 10/14/13)

1944        Oct 14, Allied troops landed in Corfu, Greece.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1944        Oct 14, German Field Marshal Rommel (52), suspected of complicity in the July 20th plot against Hitler, was visited at home by two of Hitler's staff and given the choice of public trial or suicide by poison. He chose suicide and it was announced that he died of wounds.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)

1945        Oct 14, British Chief Justice Geoffrey Lawrence was elected president of the Int~ez_rsquo~l. Military Tribunal for the trial of war criminals at Nuremberg. Drexel A. Sprecher (d.2006), a prosecutor during the trial, later edited the official 15-volume work on the 4-year trial.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pnk7h)(SFC, 4/11/06, p.B5)

1947        Oct 14, Air Force test pilot Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager (24) flew the experimental Bell X-1 [Bell XS-1] rocket plane aircraft and broke the sound barrier to Mach 1.07 for the first time over Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., which was then called Muroc Army Air Field. The area has the largest dry lake bed in the world, a 44-square mile area known as Rogers Lake. Suspended from the belly of a Boeing B-29, Glamorous Glennis was dropped at 10:26 a.m. from a height of 20,000 feet. Yeager (who had broken two ribs in a riding accident the night before) fired the four rocket motor chambers in pairs, breaking through the sound barrier as he increased airspeed to almost 700 mph and climbed to an altitude of 43,000 feet. The XS-1 remained at supersonic speeds for 20.5 seconds, with none of the buffeting that characterized high-speed subsonic flight. The 14-minute flight was Yeager's ninth since being named primary pilot in June 1947. The Air Force and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (the forerunner of NASA) did not make the event public until Jun 10, 1948.
    (SFC, 8/5/96, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A7)(AP, 10/14/97)(HNPD, 10/14/98)

1948        Oct 14, Large scale fighting took place between Israel and Egypt.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1949        Oct 14, Leaders of the American Communist Party were convicted of conspiracy to advocate the violent overthrow of the US government. They were sentenced with fines and imprisonment.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1207)(MC, 10/14/01)
1949        Oct 14, Pat Valentino (1920-2008), SF boxer, was knocked out by Ezzard Charles in the 8th round at the Cow Palace in a boxing heavy-weight match before a crowd of 19,950.
    (SFC, 8/8/08, p.B5)
1949        Oct 14, The Chinese Red army occupied Canton.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1949        Oct 14, In Czechoslovakia the government assumed full control over Church affairs and required all clergy to swear an oath of loyalty to the state. Most of the lower clergy complied.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1187)

1950        Oct 14, In Washington state westbound traffic opened on the new fortified bridge over the Tacoma Narrows. The new design was approved after a model passed wind tunnel tests designed by engineering Prof. Frederick Burt Farquharson.
    (ON, 6/09, p.8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacoma_Narrows_Bridge)
1950        Oct 14, Chinese Communist Forces began to infiltrate the North Korean Army.
    (HN, 10/14/98)
1950        Oct 14, Rev. Sun Young Moon was liberated from Hung Nam prison (Korea).
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1951        Oct 14, The Organization of Central American States formed.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1953        Oct 14, Ike promised to fire as communists any federal workers taking the 5th amendment.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1953        Oct 14, Ariel Sharon, who had formed the elite Israeli commando unit "101" to fight Palestinian guerrillas, led it in a raid against the Jordanian village of Qibya killing some 70 civilians.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qibya_massacre)

1954        Oct 14, American Samoa Government's vessel Manu'atele sighted William Willis's raft The Seven Little Sisters, and towed it into Pago Pago Harbor. William Willis (1893-1968) sailed a raft from Peru to Samoa. In 2006 T.R. Pearson authored ~ez_ldquo~Seaworthy: Adrift With William Willis in the Golden Age of Rafting.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 6/24/06, p.P12)(www.asg-gov.net/026HISTORICALCAL_OCTOBER.htm)
1954        Oct 14, An Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya, Jordan, killed 53.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1955        Oct 14, A new US Navy 6-story, windowless structure was dedicated at the SF Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point, Ca. The $8 million laboratory was to be devoted exclusively to the development of defense against radiation.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.F2)

1956        Oct 14, Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1957        Oct 14, Lester Bowles Pearson (1897-1972, former president of the UN General Assembly (1952-1953) and later Canadian PM (1963-1968) won the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in defusing the Suez crisis.
    (www.un.org/depts/dhl/deplib/un_milestones.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/ojxcz)

1958        Oct 14, Paul Osborn's "World of Suzie Wong," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1958        Oct 14, Brendan Behan's "Hostage," premiered in London.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1959        Oct 14, Errol Flynn (b.1909), Tasmania-born US actor, died of heart attack in Vancouver, BC. His death ended a 2-year romance with Beverly Aadland (17). They had appeared together in 3 films. His autobiography, ~ez_ldquo~My Wicked, Wicked Ways,~ez_rdquo~ was published shortly after his death and contains humorous anecdotes about Hollywood. According to one literary critic, the book "remains one of the most compelling and appalling autobiographies written by a Hollywood star.~ez_rdquo~
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Errol_Flynn)(SSFC, 10/18/09, DB p.46)(SFC, 3/29/14, p.C4)

1960        Oct 14, The idea of a Peace Corps was first suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan.
    (AP, 10/14/97)

1961        Oct 14, "How to Succeed in Business" opened at 46th St NYC for 1415 performances.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1962        Oct 14, The CIA U-2 mission detected Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba. Air Force pilot Maj. Richard Heyser and CIA contract pilot James Barnes Jr. (d.1999 at 70) identified missile sites in separate flights.
    (SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(SFC, 7/13/99, p.A19)

1964        Oct 14, Civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating a policy of non-violence.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)
1964        Oct 14, Philips began experimenting with color TV.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1966        Oct 14, 175 US airplanes bombed North Vietnam.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1966        Oct 14, The World Bank~ez_rsquo~s International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) came into force. It was established under the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Centre_for_Settlement_of_Investment_Disputes)

1968        Oct 14, The Beatles "White Album" was completed at the Abbey Road Studios.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles_(album))
1968        Oct 14, The first live telecast from a manned US spacecraft was sent from Apollo 7.
    (AP, 10/14/98)

1970        Oct 14, San Francisco~ez_rsquo~s Golden Gate Park Conservatory was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Register_of_Historic_Places)

1973        Oct 14, US Air Force "Operation Nickel Grass" began resupply missions to Israel for a full month, until November 14.
    (www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_ykwar_course.php)
1973        Oct 14, In Thailand thousands demonstrated against the military dictatorship and some 77 people were killed.
    (www.prachatai.com/english/news.php?id=531)
1973        Oct 14, In Turkey the CHP replaced the AP as the most popular party, although it did not achieve a parliamentary majority. The CHP and MSP formed a coalition government under Bulent Ecevit. The National Salvation won 11.8% of votes in general elections, winning 48 seats in the 450-member Parliament.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4hkxfc)(AP, 11/4/02)

1975        Oct 14, South Africans secretly launched Operation Savannah when the first of several South African columns (task force Zulu) crossed into Angola from Namibia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_intervention_in_Angola_(1975-1991))

1976        Oct 14, Deborah Gardner (23) was stabbed (22 times) to death in Tonga by Dennis Priven (24), a fellow Peace Corps volunteer. In 2004 Philip Weiss authored ~ez_ldquo~American Taboo: A Murder in the Peace Corps.~ez_rdquo~
    (http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/467/2024230.html)

1977        Oct 14, Bing Crosby (b.1903), singer and actor, died on a golf course outside Madrid at age 74. In 2001 Gary Giddins authored ~ez_ldquo~Bing Crosby: A Pocketful of Dreams: The Early Years: 1903-1940.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.E4)(AP, 10/14/97)(SSFC, 1/21/01, DB p.33)

1979        Oct 14, In Washington, DC, some 100,000 gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and supporters marched in celebration of gay pride and demanded equal rights for homosexuals under the law.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.F13)

1980        Oct 14, Pres. Carter signed the Staggers Act, which deregulated the railroads and allowed them to set their own prices.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A17)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.69)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staggers_Rail_Act)
1980        Oct 14, Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promised that, if elected, he would name a woman to the US Supreme Court. He later nominated Judge Sandra Day O~ez_rsquo~Connor of Arizona.
    (AP, 10/14/00)
1980        Oct 14, Hambrecht & Quist took Genentech Corp. public at $35 per share which soared to close at $89 per share. 
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/3y3m9r)

1981        Oct 14, Hosni Mubarak, the new president of Egypt, was sworn in to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat. Mubarak pledged loyalty to Sadat's policies.
    (AP, 10/14/06)

1982        Oct 14, Some 6,000 Unification church couples were wed in Korea.
    (www.tparents.org/library/unification/topics/traditn/history-bless.htm)

1983        Oct 14, Cecil Parkinson, British Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, resigned following a highly publicized extra-marital affair.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.62)(http://tinyurl.com/bfvue)

1986        Oct 14, California Lottery~ez_rsquo~s first online computer game, Lotto 6/49, began to run.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, DB p.42)

1986        Oct 14, Holocaust survivor and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel in the US was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/97)

1987        Oct 14, A real-life drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center. Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.
    (AP, 10/14/97)

1988        Oct 14, The US government reported that wholesale prices had risen a moderate 0.4% in September.
    (AP, 10/14/98)

1989        Oct 14, Colombia extradited three suspected drug traffickers to the United States as part of a war on the cocaine cartel.
    (AP, 10/14/99)

1990        Oct 14, Leonard Bernstein (b.1918), American composer and conductor, died in New York City. In 2009 Barry Seldes authored ~ez_ldquo~Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of an American Musician.~ez_rdquo~
    (AP, 10/14/97)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.85)

1991        Oct 14, Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for her non-violent promotion of democracy. Her award was accepted by her husband, Michael Aris (d.1999 at 53) and their sons. A collection of her writings is titled "Freedom From Fear."
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(SFEC, 3/28/99, p.D6)(AP, 10/14/01)

1992        Oct 14, The Nobel Prize for chemistry went to American Rudolph A. Marcus; the prize for physics went to George Charpak of France.
    (AP, 10/14/97)
1992        Oct 14, Russia's worst serial killer, Andrei Chikatilo, was convicted of mutilating and killing 52 women and children. He was executed in 1994.
    (AP, 10/14/97)

1993        Oct 14, U.S. helicopter pilot Michael Durant and a Nigerian peacekeeper were freed by Somali fighters loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
    (AP, 10/14/98)
1993        Oct 14, In Haiti, gunmen assassinated Justice Minister Guy Malary, a supporter of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/14/98)

1994        Oct 14, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to PLO leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/99)
1994        Oct 14, Nobel Prize-winning writer Naguib Mahfouz (1911-2006) was stabbed several times in the neck by a 21-year-old assailant on a Cairo street. Muslim militants were blamed in the attack. The wound resulted in the paralysis of his writing hand.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)(AP, 10/14/04)
1994        Oct 14, Israeli soldier Nachshon Wachsman, kidnapped on Oct 9, was killed when Israeli commandos raided the hideout of Islamic militants in Jerusalem. An Israeli soldier and 3 kidnappers were also killed in the ensuing firefight. In 2006 his family files suit against Iran for providing training and support to Hamas. In 2009 a US judge awarded a $25 million settlement to the family.
    (AP, 10/14/99)(SFC, 3/28/09, p.A9)

1995        Oct 14, The Atlanta Braves won the National League pennant by beating the Cincinnati Reds, 6-to-0, to complete a four-game sweep.
    (AP, 10/14/00)
1995        Oct 14, In Mississippi Rhonda Hatten Griffis (28), a mother of two, was found dead at her home in Petal. Larry Matthew Puckett, a local landscaper, was convicted of her murder in 1996 and sentenced to death. Puckett said it was David Griffis who murdered his wife with the club after accusing her of having an affair. Puckett (35) was executed on March 20, 2012.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7nsuodd)
1995        Oct 14, An armed gunman seized a bus carrying South Korean tourists in Moscow~ez_rsquo~s Red Square. Commandos stormed the bus the next day, killing the gunman and freeing four remaining hostages.
    (AP, 10/14/00)

1996        Oct 14, Pop singer Madonna gave birth to a daughter, Lourdes Maria Ciccone Leon.
    (AP, 10/14/97)
1996        Oct 14, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 6,000 for the first time, ending the day at 6,010.
    (WSJ, 12/16/96, p.C1)(AP, 10/14/97)
1996        Oct 14, In the US the Archer Daniels Midland Co. agreed to pay an anti-trust fine of $100 million and plead guilty to two charges of price fixing on lysine and citric acid.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A3)(AP, 10/14/97)
1996        Oct 14, In Bolivia bilateral agreements with the US held that 12,000 to 19,000 acres of coca production be eradicated. Failure to do so would cause a suspension of foreign aid and approval of funds from agencies such as the World Bank.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A13)

1997        Oct 14, The Booker Prize for literature went to Indian writer Arundhati Roy for her book: ~ez_ldquo~The God of Small Things.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.D4)
1997        Oct 14, The nominal world premiere of the symphonic poem ~ez_ldquo~Standing Stone~ez_rdquo~ by Paul McCartney was performed by the London Symphony Orchestra and chorus at Royal Albert Hall.
    (WSJ, 11/18/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 14, The Florida Marlins won the National League championship, defeating the Atlanta Braves 7-4 in game six.
    (AP, 10/14/98)
1997        Oct 14, Ray Fred Smith (78) and Perry L. Adkinson (68) were awarded the World Food Prize for their work on integrated pest management (IPM).
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 14, Myron Scholes of Stanford, and Robert Merton of Harvard won the Nobel Prize in Economics for their work on valuing stock options and other investments.
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/14/98)
1997        Oct 14, Pres. Clinton met with Brazil~ez_rsquo~s Pres. Cardoso. They signed an agreement for a partnership to improve education cooperation and a $10 million US contribution to improve conservation in the Amazon.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)
1997        Oct 14, The US Supreme Court rejected the appeals of those who sought to block the Oregon voter approved law on assisted suicide.
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 14, Harold Robbins, novelist, died at age 81 in Palm Springs, Calif. He wrote ~ez_ldquo~adventure~ez_rdquo~ and ~ez_ldquo~desperation~ez_rdquo~ novels that included: ~ez_ldquo~Never Love a Stranger,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~Carpetbaggers,~ez_rdquo~ Dreams Die First,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~Spellbinder,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~Never Leave Me,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~The Raiders,~ez_rdquo~ and ~ez_ldquo~The Betsy.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)(AP, 10/14/98)
1997        Oct 14, In Algeria 54 people were massacred near the main oil and gas center. Four leading human rights organizations called on world leaders to take steps to halt the crises in Algeria.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C2)
1997        Oct 14, In Chile an earthquake that measured 6.8 left 8 dead and 100 injured.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C3)(WSJ, 10/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 14, Aydin Dikmen (60), Turkish art dealer, was arrested in Germany for selling antiquities plundered from Cyprus since 1974.
    (http://turkeyhumanrights.fw.bz/religion/TurkThief.htm)(AM, 11/04, p.13)
1997        Oct 14, In the Republic of Congo Pres. Lissouba fled the presidential palace in Brazzaville. Premier Bernard Kolelas fled the Republic of Congo when militia fighters loyal to Sassou-Nguesso toppled President Pascal Lissouba.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/05)
1997        Oct 14, In Rwanda assailants killed 37 people and wounded 14 in the Mutura commune northwest of Kigali.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A14)
1997        Oct 14, In Spain a separatist guerrilla group killed a policeman while trying to bomb the new Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. Jose Maria Aguirre was killed when he helped foil the ETA attack. One of three gunmen, Kepa Arronnategui, was captured.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A14)(SFC,10/18/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 14, On St. Kitts legislators from Nevis voted to withdraw from the federation with St. Kitts.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C3)

1998        Oct 14, Amartya K. Sen (64), a philosophy and economics researcher from India, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work in exploring the causes of poverty and famine. He had just left Harvard Univ. to take over Trinity College in Cambridge, England.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/15/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 14, The San Diego Padres won the National League championship over the Atlanta Braves, 5-0, in Game 6 of their championship series.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/14/99)
1998        Oct 14, The UN for a 7th year called for an end to the US economic embargo against Cuba. Only the US and Israel cast negative votes.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C4)
1998        Oct 14, Cleveland Amory, author and animal rights pioneer, died at age 81 in Manhattan. His work included the trilogy on social history: ~ez_ldquo~The Proper Bostonians,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~The Last Resorts,~ez_rdquo~ and ~ez_ldquo~Who Killed Society.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)(AP, 10/14/99)
1998        Oct 14, Frankie Yankovic (83), the Polka King from Cleveland, died in Tampa, Fla. He played a Slovenian-style polka on the accordion with clarinet and saxophone as opposed to the Polish style which uses the accordion with trumpets and has a faster beat. His hits included ~ez_ldquo~In Heaven There Is No Beer.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C6)(AP, 10/14/99)
1998        Oct 14, In Canada the finance minister said that the first budget surplus in 28 years would be used to pay down debt, reduce taxes, and invest in health care.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 14, China and Taiwan held their first talks since 1993 and said they were working toward reunification.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 14, In Colombia Saul Albaraz (29), a journalist, was shot to death in Medellin.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D3)
1998        Oct 14, Germany~ez_rsquo~s new government proposed to scrap the 1913 citizenship law based on blood ties. The coalition agreed to promote controlled distribution of heroin to long-term addicts and to work for expanded rights for gay couples.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 14, In the Philippines Typhoon Zeb killed 21 people and forced some 31,000 from their homes. The death toll went up to 70. It moved on to Taiwan where 20 people were killed and Japan where 12 died.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C4)(WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 14, In Russia Premier Primakov said that the government has created a $600 million emergency food reserve.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 14, In Serbia police shut down the Danas newspaper, as well as the independent Dvevni Telegraph in Belgrade. NATO positioned warplanes in Italy for a possible attack.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 14, In Turkey the draft budget was unveiled and it was admitted that IMF targets would not be reached. Inflation for 1999 was targeted to 35% after reaching 100% in early 1998. 1998 growth was measured at 4.5%.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)
1998        Oct 14, In Zimbabwe Pres. Robert Mugabe that he will meet with Kabila to discuss support against the rebels in Congo.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A15)

1999        Oct 14, President Clinton accused Senate Republicans of recklessness and irresponsibility for defeating the nuclear test ban treaty, and pledged the United States would refrain from testing despite the treaty~ez_rsquo~s rejection.
    (AP, 10/14/00)
1999        Oct 14, At Cape Canaveral, Florida, Launch Complex 41, built in 1945, was destroyed to make way for Atlas V rockets.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.A3)
1999        Oct 14, Hurricane Irene drenched Cuba and proceeded to the Florida keys.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D4)
1999        Oct 14, In Bosnia 4 NATO soldiers were injured as they attempted to seize weapons in the divided city of Mostar.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 14, In Chechnya the Russians pressed an offensive below the Terek River as the Chechens rallied in Grozny.
    (WSJ, 10/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 14, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie gave a speech lauding his accomplishments as security forces fought back demonstrators.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.A14)
1999        Oct 14, Israel released 151 Palestinian prisoners as part of the interim peace accord signed Sept. 4.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 14, Japan~ez_rsquo~s Sumitomo and Sakura Banks announced merger plans. In 2001 they fused into Sumitomo Mitsui.
    (WSJ, 10/15/99, p.A10)(Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.22)
1999        Oct 14, Former Tanzanian Pres. Julius Nyerere (77) died in London from a massive stroke. He was called Mwalimu, the Swahili word for teacher.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)

2000        Oct 14, Angelo Perez Baraquio (24), Miss Hawaii, was crowned Miss America in Atlanta City, NJ.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A2)
2000        Oct 14, Six San Francisco Bay Area people associated with the Flying Doctors aid group were killed when their plane crashed in Ensenada, Mexico.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 14, In Belarus parliamentary elections were held. Authorities hand-picked most candidates and those with known anti-Lukoshenko views were barred from running. The average salary in Belarus was $50 per month.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A22)
2000        Oct 14, In Indonesia police arrested Alip Agung Suwondo, Pres. Wassid~ez_rsquo~s masseur, on suspicion of trying to steal $4 million in state funds.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 14, Philippine troops arrested 36 suspected supporters of Abu Sayyaf rebels and 6 others surrendered on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 14, A London-bound Saudi jetliner was hijacked with over 100 people. It was taken to Syria and then landed in Baghdad where the 2 hijackers were arrested.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A10)(AP, 10/14/01)
2000        Oct 14, In Somalia Pres. Abdiqasim Salad Hassan returned from Djibouti.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 14, In Switzerland a mudslide in the Alpine village of Gondo left 18 people missing. 13 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A20)(AP, 10/14/01)
2000        Oct 14, In Uganda it was reported that at least 35 people of the northern Gulu district had died in recent weeks of a hemorrhagic fever possibly caused by the Ebola or Marburg virus.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A12)

2001        Oct 14, President George W. Bush sternly rejected a Taliban offer to discuss handing over Osama bin Laden to a third country, saying, "They must have not heard. There's no negotiations."
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/14/02)
2001        Oct 14, US warplanes hit Afghanistan targets around Kabul and knocked out the overseas telephone exchange. Bombs also hit the cities of Mazar-e-Sharif, Kandahar, Jalalabad and Heart. Abu Baseer al-Masri, al Qaeda fighter and Egyptian militant, was killed near Jalalabad.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A8)(SFC, 10/19/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 14, Unions in Minnesota reached a deal with the state to end a walkout by some 23,000 government workers.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E3)
2001        Oct 14, In Argentina Elections for Congress were held. Rev. Luis Farinello led the Social Pole Party with an anti-globalization message. The midterm elections handed a decisive defeat to Pres. Fernando de la Rua~ez_rsquo~s coalition. The Peronist Party led nationwide results.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.D4)(SFC, 10/15/01, p.E3)
2001        Oct 14, An Israeli sniper shot and killed Abed Rahman Hamad, a Hamas leader, hours before the government announced that it would withdraw troops from Hebron and ease Palestinian travel restrictions.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E2)
2001        Oct 14, In Nigeria weekend anti-American protests left 13-200 people dead in Kano.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A5)(WSJ, 10/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 14, In Pakistan thousands of Muslims clashed with police in Jacobabad and at least 1 protester was killed.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.A3)

2002        Oct 14, The SF Giants won the National League Championship with a 2-1 victory over the St. Louis Cardinals.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 14, President Bush called recent attacks in Kuwait, Indonesia and Yemen part of a grim pattern of terror, and said, "We've got a long way to go" to defeat Osama bin Laden's global network.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2002        Oct 14, In New Mexico VP Cheney met with representatives of Bajagua, a start-up waste processing firm targeting waste water in Tijuana, Mexico. Waste from Tijuana flowed into San Diego County and its Tijuana River estuary. Bajagua spent $585,000 in lobbying efforts from 2001-2006. Estimates of costs to the US ranged from $580-780 million. A 1999 environmental impact statement called the Bajagua plan not feasible.
    (WSJ, 1/27/06, p.A15)
2002        Oct 14, Linda Franklin (47) of Arlington, Va., was shot in the head and killed as she and her husband loaded packages into their car outside a Home Depot at the Seven Corners Shopping Center. She had worked as an analyst for the FBI.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/15/02)
2002        Oct 14, Britain suspended Northern Ireland's power-sharing government after a spying row threw the fledgling peace process into its worst political crisis since the Good Friday peace accord was signed in 1998.
    (AP, 10/14/02)
2002        Oct 14, A Costa Rica investment operation called The Brothers Fund (Ofinter Foreign Exchange SA) collapsed and siblings Luis Enrique (63) and Osvaldo Villalobos (58) were held responsible.
    (WSJ, 12/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 14, Gen. Adel Labib, gov. of Qena Province in southern Egypt, ordered a ban on shisha (water pipe) smoking.
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.F7)
2002        Oct 14, Israeli troops killed 2 Islamic Jihad militants outside Jenin.
    (WSJ, 10/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 14, In Kenya Pres. Moi anointed Uhurru Kenyatta (41), the son of former 1st Pres. Jomo Kenyatta, as his successor. Tens of thousands gathered to protest his decision.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 14, In Serbia Pres. Kostunica protested that some 630,000 ghost voters inflated the number of voters.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A8)

2003        Oct 14, In Game Six of the National League Championship Series, a Cubs fan inadvertently deflected a foul ball away from the outstretched glove of Chicago outfielder Moises Alou; the Florida Marlins, down 3-0 at the time, rallied to win the game and went on to win Game 7 and advance to the World Series, where they beat the New York Yankees.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2003        Oct 14, The US vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for building a barrier that cut into the West Bank.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2003        Oct 14, John Allen Muhammad pleaded innocent to murder as the first trial in the deadly Washington-area sniper rampage got under way in Virginia Beach, Va. Muhammad was later convicted and sentenced to death for killing Dean Harold Meyers.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2003        Oct 14, It was reported that Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers proposed an elevator reaching 62,000 miles into the sky to launch payloads into space.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, Ben Metcalfe, the 1st chairman of the Greenpeace Foundation (1970), died in BC, Canada.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)
2003        Oct 14, Afghan soldiers backed by U.S. troops and helicopters killed 7 Taliban and captured 12 others during a 2-day raid in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/15/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Bolivia demonstrations called for the resignation of Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada and the death toll grew to 50 after 4 days of clashes. 30,000 marched in La Paz.
    (SFC, 10/15/03, p.A11)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)
2003        Oct 14, China's ruling communists closed a secretive 4-day meeting aimed at pushing ahead with market reforms and said a revision to the country's constitution had been endorsed.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In St. Marc, Haiti, protesters hurled rocks at police and blocked streets with flaming tire barricades for a 2nd day, demanding President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's resignation.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, Across Honduras thousands of protesters blocked streets and burned tires to demand the government not renew a debt-payment agreement with the IMF.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Baghdad a suicide bomber detonated a car packed with explosives near the Turkish Embassy, killing the driver and wounding more than a dozen others.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Liberia businessman Gyude Bryant was sworn in as leader of the post-war government, taking up a 2-year term.
    (AP, 10/14/03)
2003        Oct 14, In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, hundreds took to the streets demanding reforms, the first large-scale protest in this conservative kingdom where demonstrations are illegal.
    (AP, 10/14/03)

2004        Oct 14, The US Treasury reported that the federal deficit surged to $413 billion in 2004.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 14, New York State Attorney General Eliot Spitzer announced the initiation of a civil action against Marsh & McLennan, a US insurance brokerage firm, alleging impropriety in the steering of clients to insurers with whom the company maintained payoff agreements, and for soliciting rigged bids for insurance contracts from the insurers. The firm later apologized and paid $850 million in compensation.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsh_&_McLennan)(WSJ, 10/27/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 10/28/04, p.C1)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.70)
2004        Oct 14, General Motors Europe said it plans to shed 12,000 jobs, almost 20 percent of its work force, in order to halt chronic losses.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Google Inc. introduced a program that quickly scours hard drives for documents, e-mails, instant messages and past Web searches.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Light crude oil for November closed in NYC at a record $54.76 per barrel.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.C1)
2004        Oct 14, The US Army announced that up to 28 U.S. soldiers face possible criminal charges in connection with the deaths of two prisoners at an American-run prison in Afghanistan two years ago.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a homemade bomb killed 2 American soldiers and wounded 3 others.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2004        Oct 14, In Brazil Pres. da Silva signed an executive order permitting farmers to plant genetically modified soybeans.
    (SFC, 10/16/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 14, In Cambodia Prince Norodom Sihamoni, retiring King Norodom Sihanouk's son, a former ballet dancer and U.N. cultural ambassador, was officially confirmed to succeed his father on the throne.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, In Chile Cardinal Juan Francisco Fresno (90) died. He played a key role in efforts to restore democracy in Chile during the military dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 10/15/04)
2004        Oct 14, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder arrived in Libya for an official visit during which he is to hold talks with Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Insurgents struck deep inside Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, setting off bombs at a market and a popular cafe that killed at least 10 people, including four Americans.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, In Iraq up to 19 members of the 343rd Quartermaster Company were detained for refusing to deliver fuel under conditions that they deemed unsafe.
    (SFC, 10/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 14, A video that appeared on an Islamic Web site showed militants in Iraq beheading a man identified as a kidnapped Turkish driver.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Israel~ez_rsquo~s PM Ariel Sharon said all 8,200 Jewish settlers will be pulled out of the Gaza Strip starting next summer.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, The Muslim fasting month of Ramadan began.
    (SFC, 10/14/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 14, Nigerian unions called off a general strike which had jeopardized oil supplies from the world's seventh largest exporter for four days.
    (Reuters, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Pakistan's lower house of parliament passed a bill to allow President Pervez Musharraf to stay on as army chief despite his pledge to give up the job by the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Pakistani special forces attacked kidnappers holding two Chinese engineers near the Afghan border, killing all five of the al-Qaida-linked militants. One of the hostages was killed in the raid, while the other survived.
    (AP, 10/14/04)
2004        Oct 14, Thousands of Paraguayans took to the streets to protest increasing crime, spurred on the two high-profile kidnappings.
    (AP, 10/15/04)

2005        Oct 14, The US Treasury Department reported that the federal deficit hit $319 billion for the budget year just ended, down from the previous year, but still the third highest.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2005        Oct 14, Rain fell for an eighth straight day around the waterlogged Northeast US, pushing people from their homes in the middle of the night and leaving train tracks littered with fallen trees.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Dernae Wysinger (22) and his 2-year-old son were shot to death in San Francisco~ez_rsquo~s Potrero Hill district. Police soon issued an arrest warrant for suspect Joseph Stevens (22). This marked the 64th and 65th homicides in SF this year. In 2007 Stevens (23) was convicted for the murders, which were apparently done in retaliation for another slaying.
    (SSFC, 10/16/05, p.B1)(SFC, 3/21/07, p.B3)
2005        Oct 14,  Blond, blue-eyed British actor Daniel Craig was named the new James Bond.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2005        Oct 14, Insurgents staged a series of attacks, killing a pro-government cleric, two police and blowing up eight fuel tankers parked outside a US-led coalition base in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Bulgaria adopted a new penal procedure to remedy a judiciary system that has been criticized for failing to jail well-known criminals.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 14, Lucio Gutierrez, former Ecuador president who was ousted from office, returned to Ecuador in a bid to regain power, but he was arrested moments after his plane landed.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 14, Sunni insurgents launched five attacks against the largest Sunni Arab political party on the eve of Iraq's crucial referendum, bombing and burning offices and the home of one of its leaders in retaliation after the group dropped its opposition to the draft constitution.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Italy's culture industry pledged to shut down theaters, cinemas and cancel concerts throughout the country for the day to protest planned cuts to the art budget.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, Italy~ez_rsquo~s Alitalia airline, 62.3% owned by the government, approved a revised corporate plan for 2005-2008.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.70)
2005        Oct 14, Dutch police detained seven suspects in an anti-terrorism operation in three cities, including the capital, aimed at thwarting a suspected plot to attack politicians and a government building.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, A consortium led by South Africa~ez_rsquo~s Sheltam Trade Close won the privatization bid for the rail line linking Mombassa, Kenya, and Kampala, Uganda. Nicknamed since 1895 as the ~ez_ldquo~lunatic express,~ez_rdquo~ it was renamed the Rift Valley Railways.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.68)
2005        Oct 14, In Nicaragua Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega announced that he has broken a political pact with opponents of President Enrique Bolanos, a move that could end a political crisis that threatened the country's presidency.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Oct 14, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas arrived in Jordan for talks with King Abdullah II.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, In Nalchik Russian security forces in an armored personnel carrier smashed through the wall of a store to rescue two hostages held by suspected Islamic militants as authorities tried to clear out the last pockets of rebel resistance after more than a day of fighting that killed 139 people including 92 militants.
    (AP, 10/14/05)(WSJ, 10/17/05, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.25)
2005        Oct 14, Somalia's PM Ali Mohamed Gedi called on neighboring countries to send warships to patrol his nation's waters after pirates seized a 3rd cargo vessel delivering food aid.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, At the Ibero-American Summit in Spain UN Sec.-General Kofi Annan called for greater progress in trade talks on farming.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, A Turkish court convicted two brothers for the "honor killing" of their sister and sentenced one to life in prison and the other to more than 11 years behind bars.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, President Viktor Yushchenko dismissed Ukraine's top prosecutor less than a week after he launched investigations against a presidential ally, deepening the confusion in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 10/14/05)
2005        Oct 14, A researcher said bird flu virus found in a Vietnamese girl was resistant to the main drug that's being stockpiled in case of a pandemic, a sign that it's important to keep a second drug on hand as well.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2006        Oct 14, Pres. Bush dedicated the new $30 million US Air Force Memorial in Arlington, Va. The memorial, designed to evoke the ~ez_ldquo~bomb-burst maneuver of the Thunderbirds, was the last major work of architect James Ingo Freed (d.2005).
    (SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A16)
2006        Oct 14, The Detroit Tigers won the American League baseball pennant race in 4 games over Oakland, Ca.
    (SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 14, Freddy Fender (b.1937), Tex-Mex singer born as Baldemar Huerta, died in San Benito, Texas. His hit songs included ~ez_ldquo~Wasted Days and Wasted Nights~ez_rdquo~ and ~ez_ldquo~Before the Next Teardrop Falls~ez_rdquo~ (1975).
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.B6)
2006        Oct 14, Former US Rep. Gerry Studds (69) died at Boston Medical Center, several days after he collapsed while walking his dog. He was the first openly gay person elected to Congress (1972-1997).
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, In Bonaparte, Iowa, Shawn Bentler (22) killed his parents and 3 sisters (14,15,17) at their home.
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/07)
2006        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan Gabriele Torsello, an Italian freelance photographer, and his Afghan translator were abducted were abducted by five armed men. In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded outside a provincial governor's compound. The governor was not hurt but another official was killed.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, French leader Jacques Chirac told Turkish PM Tayyip Erdogan he is sorry French lawmakers approved a bill making it a crime to deny Armenians were victims of genocide at the hands of Ottoman Turks.
    (Reuters, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, in southwestern Germany 2 female US soldiers died after they were hit by a train at Neckarsteinach station, east of Heidelberg.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, Thousands of low-caste Hindus converted to Buddhism and Christianity on in protest against new laws in several Indian states that make such changes of religion difficult.
    (Reuters, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, A spokesman said the ministry in charge of Iraq's police force will change top commanders and has already fired some 3,000 employees accused of corruption or rights abuses. Suspected Shiite militiamen killed at least 27 Sunni Arabs in Balad in apparent retaliation for the slayings of 17 Shiites, whose decapitated bodies were found in an orchard on the town's outskirts a day earlier. South of Baghdad three women and four men were killed in drive-by shootings in the predominantly Shiite village of Wahda. A US Marine was killed in combat in Anbar province. 3 US soldiers died in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AFP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2006        Oct 14, Israeli troops killed six Palestinian gunmen in airstrikes in the Gaza Strip and set up a makeshift detention center just outside the territory.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, Two Italian tourists, freed in Libya after being kidnapped in August in Niger, denounced their captors as bandits and said they were mistreated during their ordeal.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, The UN election chief in Ivory Coast said the war-divided nation's long-delayed vote would be postponed for another year and should be held before October 2007.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, In Mexico at least one man opened fire on protesters manning a roadblock in Oaxaca paralyzed by months of conflict, killing one demonstrator and wounding another.
    (AP, 10/15/06)
2006        Oct 14, In northwestern Spain vandals freed over 15,000 minks from breeding farms.
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 14, The Sudanese government signed a peace deal with a group of rebels from eastern Sudan, ending a deadly strife that has been overshadowed by the conflict in the country's western Darfur region.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, Maria Borelius, Sweden's trade minister, resigned over allegations of tax evasion after just one week in office, saying media pressure has made her life impossible.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6051220.stm)
2006        Oct 14, Thailand's military-installed premier Surayud Chulanont visited Vientiane on the first stop of a weekend tour aimed at reassuring neighbors Laos and Cambodia that Bangkok won't pull any more surprises.
    (AFP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, Ukrainian nationalist fighters who battled both Soviet and Nazi forces during World War II rallied in their country's capital, demanding the same financial and moral recognition as Red Army veterans.
    (AP, 10/14/06)
2006        Oct 14, The UN Security Council gave unanimous approval to sanctions against North Korea for its purported nuclear test. The US-sponsored resolution demanded that North Korea eliminate nuclear weapons, but expressly rules out military action against the country.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2007        Oct 14, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice opened an intense round of Mideast shuttle diplomacy.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2007        Oct 14, In California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed legislation banning toys that contain toxic plastic softeners, i.e. phthalates, becoming the first state in the US to do so.
    (SFC, 10/16/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a mother who tried to stop her son from carrying out a suicide bomb attack triggered an explosion in the family's home that killed the would-be bomber, his mother and three siblings.
    (AP, 10/15/07)
2007        Oct 14, In Canada Robert Dziekanski (b.1967) died after being tasered five times by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) at Vancouver International Airport hours after he had arrived from Poland as a new immigrant. In 2010 the RCMP apologized as part of an out-of-court settlement with the mother of Dziekanski.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Dzieka%C5%84ski_Taser_incident)(AP, 4/2/10)
2007        Oct 14, In Egypt at least six people drowned and 15 others were reported missing after the gangplank on their Nile ferry collapsed.
    (AFP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 14, In a northern Indian an explosion ripped through a crowded cinema, killing at least five people in the industrial city of Ludhiana. The area around the Shingar Cinema has a large Muslim population. At least 12 Hindu devotees were trampled to death on a narrow path crowded by thousands heading to a temple in western India. Another eight people were injured.
    (Reuters, 10/14/07)(AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 14, A parked car bomb struck worshippers heading to a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing at least 10 people with 18 injured as Iraqis celebrated the end of Ramadan. An Iraqi soldier was killed and four others were wounded when a roadside bomb targeted their patrol in Khan Bani Saad, just northeast of Baghdad. Near the southern town of Hilla, a police officer was fatally shot by gunmen from a speeding car. Salih Saif Aldin (32), an Iraqi journalist who was shot while on assignment for The Washington Post in Baghdad. A US soldier died from a roadside bomb during combat operations in southern Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/14/07)(SFC, 10/15/07, p.A14)
2007        Oct 14, In Italy projections showed Rome's mayor overwhelmingly winning a nationwide primary to become the leader of a new center-left party and the probable candidate for premier against conservative billionaire Silvio Berlusconi in the next general election.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 14, Myanmar's ruling junta restored Internet access but kept foreign news sites blocked, partially easing its crackdown as a UN envoy headed to Asia to convey the world's demands for democratic reforms in the country.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 14, Indian PM Manmohan Singh arrived in the Nigerian capital Abuja in the first state visit by an Indian premier to the oil-rich west African state in 45 years.
    (AP, 10/15/07)
2007        Oct 14, Serb and Kosovo Albanian officials agreed on a new round of talks later this month to try to break a deadlock over the future of the breakaway Serb province.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 14, Former rebels from south Sudan delivered a letter to Khartoum detailing their demands for resolving a crisis sparked by the southerners' pullout from the unity government.
    (AP, 10/14/07)
2007        Oct 14, Togolese voted in legislative elections that no opposition members boycotted for the first time in nearly a decade, a hopeful sign for democracy in this West African nation that has been ruled by one family for 40 years.
    (AP, 10/15/07)
2007        Oct 14, Opiyo Makasi, reported to be an operations and logistics commander of Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army, gave himself up along with his wife and they were transferred to Kinshasa, DRC. On Oct 25 Congolese authorities handed him to the UN peacekeeping mission in Congo (MONUC), which should prepare his eventual return to Uganda.
    (AP, 10/23/07)(AP, 10/25/07)

2008        Oct 14, President Bush announced a $250 billion plan by the government to directly buy shares in 9 of the nation's leading banks, saying the drastic steps were "not intended to take over the free market but to preserve it." Former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker said the US housing sector faced more losses and the economy was in recession even as authorities moved to stabilize the financial system.
    (Reuters, 10/14/08)(AP, 10/14/08)(WSJ, 10/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 14,  The US Treasury revised the 2008 fiscal deficit to $455 billion, as opposed to the $389 billion projected in July. The national debt, at 38% of GDP, was well below the 1990s peak of 49%.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.41)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.40)
2008        Oct 14, Key lending rates between banks in the US and Europe continued to fall slowly in response to combined pledges from governments to inject money into banks and guarantee their debt. But rates remained abnormally high, a sign of the stress in the world financial system.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, A wildfire in northern Los Angeles covered 13,285 acres.
    (SFC, 10/15/08, p.B6)
2008        Oct 14, Ohio executed Richard Cooey (41), a 5-foot-7, 267-pound double murderer (1986), who had argued that his obesity made death by lethal injection inhumane.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Gray wolves in the northern US Rocky Mountains returned to the endangered species list, thanks to a court victory by environmental groups over the US government [see Mar 28, 2008].
    (AFP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Reymundo Guerra, sheriff of rural Starr County, Texas, next to the Mexican border, was arrested at his office after being indicted on charges alleging he was involved in a large-scale cocaine and marijuana smuggling operation.
    (AP, 10/15/08)
2008        Oct 14, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed three NATO soldiers. In the south, a bomb attack apparently intended for NATO troops exploded against an Afghan minivan in Uruzgan province, killing nine civilians. Dost Mohammad Arighistani, head of the government's labor and social affairs department for the southern province of Kandahar, was killed in his car with his bodyguard as he traveled to work. Taliban militants attacked police checkpoints ringing Lashkar Gah. 18 militants were killed and three police wounded. 6 policemen died after a shootout among officers inside a police checkpoint about 15 miles north of Lashkar Gah.
    (AP, 10/14/08)(AFP, 10/14/08)(AP, 10/15/08)
2008        Oct 14, The prosecution office of Bosnia's war crimes court said it ordered the arrest of Milorad Skrbic, 48; Milorad Radakovic, 46; Gordan Djuric, 40; and Ljubisa Cetic, 39, for allegedly having participated in 1992 in the wartime execution of 200 civilians.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Indian author Aravind Adiga (b.1974) won the 2008 Booker Prize with his first novel: ~ez_ldquo~The White Tiger.~ez_rdquo~ The book follows Balram Halwai, the son of a rickshaw puller, who dreams of better things than life as teashop worker and driver.
    (AFP, 10/15/08)
2008        Oct 14, Burundi said it has completed its deployment of another 850 soldiers to Somalia, bringing to about 3,400 the total number of African Union peacekeepers stationed there. Burundi had already deployed some 850 soldiers to Somalia as part of AMISOM (African mission in Somalia).
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Canadians voted in an election. Conservative PM Stephen Harper, the first Western leader to face the electorate since the start of the international economic meltdown, won reelection with a bolstered minority government. Some 59.1% of eligible Canadian voters went to the polls, breaking the previous record low turnout of just under 61% in 2004. The Liberal share of the popular vote fell to 26%.
    (AP, 10/14/08)(Reuters, 10/15/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.47)
2008        Oct 14, China unveiled a plan to achieve universal health care. The plan hoped to cover 90% of the population within 2 years and achieve universal health care by 2020. State media reported that a ginseng injection contaminated by bacteria caused the deaths of three people using the medicine to treat thrombosis and heart disease.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5f6fyb)(WSJ, 10/20/08, p.A12)(AP, 10/15/08)
2008        Oct 14, The UN said intense fighting between the Congolese army and Ugandan rebels have forced over 50,000 people to flee their homes in the north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo's Ituri region.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Egyptian police shot dead an African migrant and wounded another as they tried to cross illegally into Israel.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, An Ethiopian minister said his country urgently needs US$265 million to feed 6.4 million people affected by drought.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Iceland's blue chip stocks plunged 77 percent when trading reopened on after a near week-long suspension and an official delegation from the island sought Russian help in saving the economy from collapse.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, In north and northeastern India a series of road accidents killed at least 48 people and injured another 64. 43 of the dead died in 2 bus crashes.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, The Israeli military troops in the West Bank shot a Palestinian as he prepared to lob a blazing Molotov cocktail into a Jewish settlement north of Jerusalem. Troops found another 10 firebombs at the scene ready to be ignited.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, North Korea resumed steps to disable its nuclear reactor under renewed monitoring, after a deal with Washington to save the disarmament process from collapse.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, The Hamas government announced that it will not permit thousands of striking teachers to return to their jobs, further heightening tensions with its political rivals in the West Bank. Despite the August 24 strike, Hamas kept schools running and hired some 2,200 new teachers and administrators.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, The Philippine Supreme Court threw out a proposed accord to grant minority Muslims expanded autonomy after Christian protests and renewed fighting convinced the government to abandon the deal. The accord would have expanded an existing six-province Muslim autonomous region in Mindanao, subject to the agreement of local residents.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, Off the Somali coast a Panamanian-flagged vessel and its 11 crew members, nine Syrians and two Somalis, were freed after a gunbattle in which one Puntland soldier was killed and three wounded. The 10 pirates, who had held the ship since Oct 9, surrendered when they ran out of ammunition.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, The World Conservation Congress ended in Barcelona, Spain. The meeting was awash in gloomy forecasts.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.68)
2008        Oct 14, In Sri Lanka government forces pounded rebel defenses with airstrikes and ground assaults. Heavy fighting across the north killed 49 Tamil Tiger fighters and 7 soldiers. TamilNet reported that 3 soldiers were killed in the government~ez_ndash~controlled east.
    (AP, 10/15/08)(SFC, 10/15/08, p.A5)
2008        Oct 14, Syria established diplomatic relations with Lebanon, ending six decades of non-recognition of its neighbor's sovereignty in an apparent bid to curry favor with the West as it pursues indirect peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 14, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to renew its peacekeeping mission in Haiti for another year.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2009        Oct 14, President Barack Obama called for a second round of $250 stimulus payments for seniors, veterans, retired railroad workers and people with disabilities. The payments would be equal to about a 2% increase for the average Social Security recipient, who will not receive a cost of living increase next year. Obama visited New Orleans and listened to continued fallout from Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 10/15/09)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.A16)
2009        Oct 14, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton wrapped up a European tour by calling on Russia to uphold human rights and prevent attacks on activists who challenge the Kremlin.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, The IRS filed a lien with the Alameda County recorder~ez_rsquo~s office naming Oakland, Ca., Mayor Ron Dellums (73), who failed to pay taxes over a 3-year period. A lien was also filed in Washington, DC, on Oct 22, where Dellums and his wife owned a house in the Foxhall Crescent neighborhood.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 14, In San Francisco a Safeway truck flopped across 4 lanes of the upper Bay Bridge at the new s-curve, tying up traffic for hours. The CHP had already logged 20 accidents eastbound on the curve and 8 accidents westbound since it opened on Sep 8.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 14, Bruce Wasserstein (b.1947), CEO of Lazard Lt., died. He took Lazard Freres. & Co. public (2005) and became CEO of the company in May 2005.
    (SFC, 10/15/09, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Wasserstein)
2009        Oct 14, Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian arrived in Turkey to attend a World Cup football game as the two nations pressed ahead with painstaking efforts to overcome a bloody history.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, British PM Gordon Brown ordered hundreds more troops to Afghanistan, pledging to bolster the international effort on the condition that Britain's allies also do their fair share to support the war effort. He said Britain's overall contribution would rise to 9,500 troops, an increase of about 500.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, A security summit between China, Russia and their Central Asian neighbors wrapped up in Beijing with vague promises to deepen economic cooperation but no public mention of regional flashpoints like Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, A hot air balloon crashed in a southern Chinese resort town with dramatic limestone formations, killing four Dutch tourists.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, The Democratic Republic of Congo said it had agreed with Angola to halt tit-for-tat expulsions of each other's citizens as victims told of being subjected to brutal rapes and lootings when they were thrown out by Luanda.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, In Iraq a government spokesman said the PM has suspended classes and banned political activities at one of Baghdad's leading universities following student protests on campus. Attacks took place in Baghdad and the holy Shiite city of Karbala, where three bombs exploded near simultaneously. At least 12 people were killed and more than 50 wounded.
    (AP, 10/14/09)(AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 14, Israeli military aircraft struck two smuggling tunnels along the Gaza Strip border in response to a rocket fired by Palestinian militants the previous day. Gaza health officials said four people were slightly injured in the attack.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Israel's foreign minister has ordered ministry officials to summon Turkey's ambassador in Israel and protest to him over a Turkish TV series that reportedly portrays Israeli soldiers murdering children.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Mexico~ez_rsquo~s Supreme Court ruled that the governor of southern Oaxaca state is responsible for rights abuses during 2006 protests that paralyzed Oaxaca and left least a dozen people dead.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Pakistani jets pounded suspected militant hide-outs along the Afghan border. Officials said some 200,000 civilians have fled South Waziristan in anticipation of an expected military offensive. Estimates of the population there hover around 500,000.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, In Paraguay human rights activists gained access to a dictatorship-era military archive that appears to contain long-held secrets about Paraguay's persecution of opponents during Alfredo Stroessner's 1954-1989 rule.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, In Puerto Rico labor unions called for an island-wide strike and a march near the capital to protest government layoffs in Puerto Rico, where more than 20,000 public employees have been dismissed as the island struggles to pull out of a three-year recession.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 14, In South Korea Rev. Sun Myung Moon (89) married thousands of couples in the Unification Church's largest mass wedding in a decade and potentially the last for the leader. More than 20,000 people gathered at Sun Moon University campus in Asan, south of Seoul, for the "blessing ceremony" while some 20,000 more joined simultaneous ceremonies in the US, Brazil, Australia and elsewhere. The spectacle came as Moon, the church's controversial founder, moved to hand day-to-day leadership over to his 3 sons and daughter.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Dozens of Russian lawmakers staged a rare walkout from parliament to protest what they and independent monitors describe as rigged local elections across Russia.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, It was reported that Swiss researchers have found that Alpine glaciers melting under the impact of climate change are releasing highly toxic pollutants that had been absorbed by the ice for decades.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, A Zimbabwe court ordered ministerial nominee Roy Bennett, a close aide to PM Morgan Tsvangirai, back to jail until his terrorism trial begins next week. Bennett was accused of possessing arms for the purposes of banditry, terrorism and inciting acts of insurgency.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)

2010        Oct 14, On the Arizona and Nevada border a soaring bypass bridge high above the Colorado River near Hoover Dam was dedicated after nearly eight years and $240 million worth of work. The bridge, which officially opens next week, is named for former Nevada Gov. Mike O'Callaghan and Pat Tillman.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, Regulators in New York approved Verizon's request to stop mass-printing residential phone books. There, the company estimates it will save about 3,575 tons of paper per year and conserve the energy associated with printing, binding and distributing the directories. The company's August request with Virginia regulators was estimated to save about 1,640 tons of paper annually.
    (AP, 11/11/10)
2010        Oct 14, Antinette Keller (18), a Northern Illinois University freshman from Plainfield, Ill., was last seen as she left for a walk in a 150-acre nature preserve in DeKalb, Ill. Her body was found on Oct 23 in a heavily wooded area of Prairie Park in DeKalb.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2f8tuqb)
2010        Oct 14, Benoit Mandelbrot (b.1924), the father of fractal geometry, died in Cambridge, Mass. His seminal book, ~ez_ldquo~The Fractal Geometry of Nature,~ez_rdquo~ was published in 1982. He was born to a Lithuanian Jewish family in Warsaw. In 1936 his family fled the Nazis, first to Paris and then to the south of France, where he tended horses and fixed tools. In 2012 His wife completed his memoir: ~ez_ldquo~The Fractalist: Memoir of a Scientific Maverick.~ez_rdquo~
    (www.nytimes.com/2010/10/17/us/17mandelbrot.html?_r=1)(Econ, 10/23/10, p.106)(Econ, 10/27/12, p.84)
2010        Oct 14, Afghan officials requested NATO's support in smoothing new peace efforts with the Taliban, including by halting military operations in areas where reconciliation talks could take place. 7 NATO soldiers were killed in separate bomb attacks, bringing to 586 the total number of personnel killed so far this year. ISAF said 13 civilians had been killed in militant attacks over the past week, including nine who died in a single IED blast.
    (AFP, 10/14/10)(Reuters, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, Australian police seized half-a-ton of cocaine from a luxury yacht in one of the country's largest ever hauls of the drug. 3 Australians were charged in connection with the yacht seizure.
    (AFP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, British actor Simon MacCorkindale (58), who starred on British television in "Casualty" and in the United States in "Falcon Crest," died in London of bowel cancer. His film roles include the murderer Simon Doyle in "Death on the Nile" in 1977 and as Philip FitzRoyce in "Jaws 3-D" ("Jaws III").
    (AP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 14, Margot Wallstrom, the UN special representative for sexual violence in armed conflict, told the 15-nation Security Council that a man known as "Colonel Serafim" was among those believed to be responsible for the rape of over 300 people. She also said Congolese government troops are raping, killing and looting civilians in the same area of eastern Congo where militias carried out mass rapes over two months ago.
    (AP, 10/14/10)(AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, Rival Cypriot leaders opened a new crossing point linking the ethnically split island's Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities, offering a boost to plodding reunification talks.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, In India the Commonwealth Games ended after 11 days of fiery competition that went some way to mending the damage done to Indian pride and prestige tarnished by the chaotic buildup to the event.
    (AFP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit the car of Abdul Karim al-Mohammadawi, a prominent member of the Sunni-backed Iraqiya alliance, killing four people and wounding six others, including the politician.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, In Madagascar conservationists said a new species of carnivorous mammal, likely highly endangered, has been discovered in the wetlands of Lake Alaotra, the largest expanse of fresh water on the Indian Ocean island. It has been baptized Durrell's vontsira (Salanoia durelli) after the late British naturalist Gerald Durrell, who led conservation projects in Madagascar.
    (AFP, 10/15/10)
2010        Oct 14, In Mali a 2-day meeting of the G8 countries, looking at how to counter the threat posed by Islamic militants in northwest Africa, concluded. An al-Qaida-linked group was currently holding five French citizens and two others hostage in the area. The meeting brought together counterterrorism experts in the G8's Counter Terrorism Action Group as well as participants from African countries in the region, the United Nations and regional bodies.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, In Mexico the W Radio station broadcast what it described as a telephone conversation between federal lawmaker Cesar Godoy and one of Mexico's biggest drug lords. W Radio said the alleged conversation took place last year between Godoy and La Familia cartel leader Servando Gomez, known as "La Tuta." In it Godoy and Gomez express support for each other and discuss bribing a reporter. Mexican marines battled suspected drug cartel gunmen whose allies erected at least a dozen roadblocks in the northeastern city of Monterrey. One marine and three gunmen were killed.
    (AP, 10/14/10)(AP, 10/15/10)
2010        Oct 14, Mozambique state radio said a court in has sentenced two men to 20 years in prison each for mutilating a 12-year-old boy and trying to sell his body parts to a witchdoctor. The report said the two men, the boy's uncle and another, held the boy down, cut out his eyes and removed his genitals, intending to sell them to a Malawian witchdoctor. The boy survived.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, Khagendra Thapa Magar, a Nepalese fruit seller~ez_rsquo~s son, was named the world~ez_rsquo~s shortest man as he turned 18 years old. He measured 26.4 inches.
    (SFC, 10/15/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 14, Dutch Queen Beatrix swore in her country's new right-wing minority Cabinet, ushering in a new era of budgetary austerity and tighter immigration rules.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, In Nigeria gunmen in the southern delta kidnapped, Lakshmi Tombush, the principal of a school sponsored by Exxon, and killed 2 police officers in a firefight. Gunmen attacked a police roadblock northern Bauchi state and two policemen were killed. Police officers recovered Tombush on Oct 28.
    (SFC, 10/15/10, p.A2)(AFP, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/29/10)
2010        Oct 14, Asian Development Bank (ADB) and World Bank said Pakistan's floods caused an estimated $9.7 billion in damage to the country's infrastructure, farms and homes.
    (Reuters, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, Somalia~ez_rsquo~s Pres. Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed named Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, a Somali American, as the new prime minister. In western Somalia masked gunmen abducted a Briton, Frans Barnard, and a Somali working for aid agency Save the Children from a compound in town of Adado. The Somali worker was soon released. Barnard was released on Oct 20.
    (SFC, 10/15/10, p.A2)(AP, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/20/10)
2010        Oct 14, A senior Sudanese official said it is impossible to hold a referendum on the future of the north-south border region of Abyei as planned. Dirdiri Ahmed, a member of Sudan's northern ruling party, said that internationally-mediated talks over Abyei failed to yield an agreement on who is eligible to vote in the region.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, Taiwan's government reported plans to allow sex workers to set up small businesses in the latest change to laws that had once forced the huge industry underground. Prostitution was legal only in Taiwan's  capital, Taipei, until 1997 when the city authorities made it a criminal offence to be a prostitute though not to patronize one. In 2009 it stopped punishing sex workers. Estimates from activists put the number of people involved in sex-related jobs in Taiwan at 600,000.
    (Reuters, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 14, In south Yemen a police chief was shot dead during a protest marking the 47th anniversary of the launch of its uprising against British colonial rule. Abdullah al-Baham was shot in the head in Mudia in Abyan province. The attack by suspected al-Qaida militants  triggered a series of clashes between soldiers and militants that killed eight people, mostly government troops.
    (AFP, 10/14/10)(AP, 10/15/10)

2011        Oct 14, California~ez_rsquo~s top prosecutor said 103 gang suspects have been arrested over the last 3 days under various charges as part of operation garlic press. Charges included drug sales and possession of firearms and stolen vehicles.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.C1)
2011        Oct 14, Kansas City's Catholic Bishop Robert Finn became the highest-ranking US Catholic official indicted on a charge of failing to protect children after he and his diocese waited five months to tell police about hundreds of images of child pornography discovered on a priest's computer. The indictment, handed down Oct. 6, was sealed because Finn was out of the country.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up an explosives-packed car while it was being inspected at a border police checkpoint that had been set up because of a warning of an imminent attack. 3 officers and one civilian were killed. NATO and Afghan forces killed 13 insurgents in an overnight operation targeting local Taliban leaders. One police officer was killed in the operation. 3 NATO service members were killed in separate attacks. Violence left at least 30 dead across Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, An Austrian court found right-wing politician Gerhard Kurzmann not guilty of charges of incitement for posting a video game called "Moschee Baba," that required players to target and stop mosques, minarets and muezzins as they appear on a screen.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Britain's defense minister Liam Fox quit his post after days of allegations about the influence-peddling of a close personal friend who joined key visits overseas and posed as an unofficial aide. PM David Cameron appointed Philip Hammond as the new defense minister.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(Reuters, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, A British pilot (29) and his passenger (40) died in the crash of their small plane in Switzerland.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, A Chinese air force JH-7 jet crashed at an air show outside the northern city of Xi'an, leaving one of the pilots missing and presumed dead.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Cuban dissident Laura Pollan (63) died. She had founded the opposition group Ladies in White in 2003 following the arrest of her husband. For nearly a decade the group staged weekly protest marches with other wives of political prisoners to press for their release.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(Econ, 10/29/11, p.110)
2011        Oct 14, In Germany Greenpeace launched a new Rainbow Warrior. The $33 million schooner replaces its battered 50-year-old boat, which saw numerous encounters with whalers, seal hunters and illegal loggers. The first Rainbow Warrior was sunk by French intelligence agents in a New Zealand harbor in 1985 for opposing nuclear testing. The second Rainbow Warrior was retired this year to become a hospital ship in Bangladesh.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Heavy rains generated by a low-pressure system hammered Central America for a third day. Mudslides and swollen rivers have already killed 36 people. At least 21 people have been killed in Guatemala, 6 in Honduras, and 4 in Nicaragua.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, In Honduras masked gunmen opened fire on four luxury SUVs as they left the parking lot the San Pedro Sula airport in the north, killing six men and wounding another three. Authorities say Mexico's Sinaloa and Zetas drug cartels operate cocaine-trafficking routes in northern and eastern Honduras.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, In India Uttar Pradesh chief minister Mayawati (55), a powerful politician known as the "Dalit Queen," opened a huge memorial complex to herself and other low-caste icons as opponents slammed her extravagance. The vast sums Mayawati has spent on marble, granite and sandstone statue parks, scattered around the poverty-hit state, has appalled critics.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Israel unveiled plans to build 2,610 units on disputed Jerusalem land. The project would nearly cut Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem from West Bank communities.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 14, Japan's Olympus Corp fired Michael Woodford (51), its CEO and president, blaming the Briton in unusually blunt terms for trying to shake up 92 years of the firm's management culture. The 30-year Olympus veteran only became president in April and CEO this month with glowing reports on his performance.
    (Reuters, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Libya's new regime forces launched an intensive assault on two areas of fallen strongman Moamer Kadhafi's hometown of Sirte, bombarding his diehards with artillery, mortars and rockets. At least four people were killed and 46 wounded. Pro-Kadhafi gunmen took on fighters loyal to the National Transitional Council (NTC) in Abu Salim, a district around 10 km (six miles) south of Tripoli city center. 2 Kadhafi loyalists and one NTC fighter were killed while another 30 people were wounded.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Malawi agreed to allow back into the country new Zambian President Michael Sata, who had been deported four years ago while still head of the Zambian opposition. Malawi also agreed to allow back Britain's ambassador, who was expelled in April after criticizing President Bingu wa Mutharika.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, In northeastern Nigeria suspected members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect shot and killed a policeman in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, In northwestern Pakistan a US drone strike killed four militants, the third such attack in 48 hours. The strike killed three Egyptians linked to the Haqqani network, including one who played a key role in handling the militant group's finances.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 14, Puerto Rico's Corrections Department said it plans to dismiss 97 officers and suspend more than 100 others who face charges of drug consumption, contraband smuggling and unjustified absences.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Slovak President Ivan Gasparovic said he will dismiss PM Iveta Radicova's coalition government. It had lost a parliamentary confidence vote on Oct 11.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Somali lawmaker Mohamed Ananug lost his legs in a bomb blast whilst driving a car in southern Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, Syrian forces killed 11 people as they fired on rallies supporting army defectors opposed to a crackdown that the UN said has killed more than 3,000 people. Navi Pillay, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, warned that the unrelenting crackdown by the government of President Bashar Assad could worsen unless further action is taken.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/15/11)
2011        Oct 14, Tunisian extremists fire-bombed the home of a TV station chief, hours after militants protesting its broadcast of a film they say violated Islamic values clashed with police in the streets of Tunis.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 14, In Venezuela activists reported that inmates at Tocuyito prison took more than 50 guards and other prison workers hostage. 25 were released on Oct 23. 15 more were released on Oct 24. Twelve remaining prison employees, mostly women, were released on Oct 25 after authorities vowed to transfer hundreds of prisoners to another facility.
    (AP, 10/24/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 14, An American drone strike in southern Yemen killed 9 al-Qaida-linked militants, including Egyptian-born Ibrahim al-Banna, the media chief for the group's Yemeni branch, and Abdul-Rahman al-Awlaki (21), the son of a prominent US-born cleric slain in a similar attack last month. On Oct 31 Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula denied the death of its media chief.
    (AP, 10/15/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 14, Zambia's new President Michael Sata vowed to beef up anti-corruption laws and to investigate allegations of wrongdoing by the previous government, in his first address to parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)

2012        Oct 14, The US CDC said 15 people have died and 205 people in 14 states have now been infected meningitis traced to contaminated steroid shots mixed by a pharmacy in Framingham, Mass.
    (SFC, 10/15/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 14, Arlen Specter (b.1930), Pennsylvania's longest-serving US senator and prominent Republican moderate in Congress, died at his home in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 10/15/12)(SFC, 10/15/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 14, Afghan counternarcotics police poured gasoline on more than 24 tons of narcotics and other illegal substances, then set the pile ablaze on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 14, In Algeria Inalg Bekkai Boualem, also known as Khaled El Mig, the head of external relations for AQIM, was killed. Over the next two weeks, four other suspected AQIM militants were ambushed and killed by security forces following tipoffs from the local Berber population in the Kabylie mountains.
    (AP, 11/2/12)   
2012        Oct 14, Austrian daredevil Felix Baumgartner plummeted into the record books, breaking the mark for highest-ever skydive after leaping from a balloon more than 24 miles above New Mexico and going supersonic at Mach 1.24, or 833.9 mph.
    (SFC, 10/15/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 14, Belgium held municipal elections. Early results showed widespread gains for a separatist party that is seeking autonomy for the wealthy Dutch-speaking region of northern Flanders.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 14, Nicholas Mockford (60), a British national and executive for ExxonMobil living in Belgium, was shot dead as he left an Italian restaurant in Neder-over-Heembeek. Helmeted assailants escaping on a motorcycle.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 14, Britain's Ministry of Defense said five Royal Marines have been charged with murder over a death in Afghanistan last year. They are the first British troops to be charged with murder in the country since deployments began in 2001.
    (AP, 10/14/12
2012        Oct 14, In Colombia a FARC bomb killed a man and his 3-year-old son.
    (Econ, 10/20/12, p.35)
2012        Oct 14, Iranian officials denied any role in recent online attacks against oil and gas companies in the Persian Gulf and denounced American allegations of an Iranian link to the Shamoon virus that hit Saudi state oil company Aramco and Qatari natural gas producer RasGas.
    (SFC, 10/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 14, Israeli aircraft struck militants planning a rocket attack in the Gaza Strip. The airstrikes killed three more militants.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 14, Libya's Congress elected Ali Zidan (b.1950), a human rights lawyer, as interim prime minister, a week after his predecessor was sacked for failing to present a Cabinet line-up that political factions could agree on. Zidan was a diplomat under Gadhafi before defecting in the 1980s and joining Libya's oldest opposition movement, National Front for the Salvation of Libya, from Geneva where he lived.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 14, Lithuanians dealt a double-blow to the incumbent conservative government in national elections by handing a victory to opposition leftists and populists. In a referendum nearly two-thirds of voters in the nation of 3 million rejected the idea of a new nuclear facility that could have made the country a net energy exporter.
    (AP, 10/15/12)
2012        Oct 14, Montenegro held elections. The Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) led by Milo Djukanovic won.
    (Econ, 10/20/12, p.50)
2012        Oct 14, In Niger men in two Toyota pickup trucks pulled up to a guesthouse in the town of Dakoro and seized 6 aid workers, 5 from Nigeria and one from Chad. The abductors were believed to be elements of AQIM. 5 workers were freed on Nov 3. Their colleague Aime Soulembaye had died of wounds received during the attack.
    (AP, 10/15/12)(AP, 11/3/12)
2012        Oct 14, In northern Nigeria gunmen attacked Dogon Dawa village in Kaduna state killing at least 30 people. The attacked appeared to be between Muslim farmers and Muslim nomadic cattlemen. In Benue state herdsmen burned a village of the Christian Tiv people. Police blamed the killings on land disputes between the two groups.
    (SFC, 10/15/12, p.A2)(AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 14, In Pakistan over 100 militants attacked a police station in the northwest near Peshawar, killing six policemen. Two of the killed policemen were beheaded.
    (AP, 10/15/12)
2012        Oct 14, In Pakistan tens of thousands rallied in Karachi in support of Malala Yousufzai, a 14-year-old girl who was shot and critically wounded by the Taliban for promoting girls' education and criticizing the militant group.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 14, Russia held local elections. President Vladimir Putin's loyalists swept to victory in most local election races that were marred by opposition claims of vote manipulations.
    (AP, 10/14/12)(AP, 10/15/12)
2012        Oct 14, Syrian gunmen fired on a bus transporting workers to a blanket factory, killing four and wounding eight. Syrian refugee Mustafa Ali Kassim (24) died of shrapnel wounds inflicted when the Syrian army opened fire at his group of 229 Syrian refugees while crossing a border fence into Jordan before dawn. U.S.-based Human Right Watch said it has obtained new evidence that Syrian troops are using cluster bombs ~ez_mdash~ widely banned munitions that pose a grave risk to civilians because they burst into bomblets over large areas and often linger on the ground, detonating only when touched.
    (AP, 10/14/12)
2012        Oct 14, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu announced that Turkey is barring Syrian civilian flights from Turkey's airspace, a day after Syria issued such a ban for Turkish commercial aircraft.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

2013        Oct 14, Three Americans won the Nobel prize for economics for developing methods to study trends in stock, bond and house prices. Eugene Fama (74) showed in the 1960s how hard it is to predict markets in the short run; Robert Shiller (67) two decades later showed how it can be done in the long run; Lars Peter Hansen (60) developed a statistical method to test theories of asset pricing.
    (AP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, It was announced that the $5 million Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, the world's biggest individual prize, has no winner for the fourth time in five years.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, Antigua and Barbuda PM Baldwin Spencer said citizenship will be sold to int~ez_rsquo~l. investors. Applications were already being accepted.
    (SFC, 10/15/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 14, Australia~ez_rsquo~s Rio Tinto said the annual sale of its rare pink-hued diamonds attracted unprecedented interest with at least two of the stones fetching record prices of over $2 million.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, China said it would give rewards amounting to 5 billion yuan ($816.91 million) for curbing air pollution in six regions where the problem is serious, underscoring government concern about a source of public anger.
    (Reuters, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, French President Francois Hollande, on a visit to South Africa, announced the signing with South Africa of a $2-billion pact for a thermal power plant in South Africa.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, French authorities detained Davit Kezerashvili, a former Georgian defence minister, wanted in his homeland on corruption charges. Kezerashvili, who also headed the financial police, was charged in January with taking a bribe of $12 million (nine million euros) to facilitate alcohol smuggling in the ex-Soviet nation.
    (AFP, 10/15/13)
2013        Oct 14, Germany blocked the introduction of tougher EU emissions rules for cars. A week earlier Chancellor Angela Merkel's party received a large donation from three major BMW shareholders.
    (AP, 10/15/13)
2013        Oct 14, The Indian coast guard rescued 17 sailors whose cargo ship sank during Cyclone Phailin. At least 43 people were killed by the storm.
    (AP, 10/14/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 14, A large blast exploded near a Libyan Islamist stronghold east of Tripoli, killing at least two people.
    (Reuters, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, A Malaysian court ruled that a Christian newspaper may not use the word "Allah" to refer to God, a landmark decision on an issue that has fanned religious tension and raised questions over minority rights in the mainly Muslim country.
    (Reuters, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, In the Philippines more than 1.5 million people converged on Manila for a powerful Christian sect's evangelical event, causing traffic chaos that shut down large parts of the megacity. The gathering of the secretive and politically influential Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) forced all schools and some government offices to close.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, Russian police swept through a vegetable warehouse earlier targeted by rioters, rounding up over a thousand migrant workers, checking their documents and loading them onto waiting vans to be investigated for criminal activity on the southern outskirts of Moscow.
    (AP, 10/1413)
2013        Oct 14, In Saudi Arabia some 2 million Muslims from nearly 200 countries gathered around Mount Arafat at the start of the annual hajj pilgrimage.
    (AP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, In Syria a car bombing in Darkoush, a rebel-held northwestern town, killed at least 27 people and wounded dozens, setting cars on fire and sending people running in panic.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)
2013        Oct 14, In Syria a 40-foot bronze statue of Jesus went up on the Cherubim mountain, apparently under cover of a truce among three factions in the country's civil war.
    (AP, 11/2/13)

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