Today in History - October 16

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1311        Oct 16, The general Council of Vienne opened just south of Lyons. During the 2-year council Pope Clement V made the belief in the right to usury heresy and abolished all secular legislation which allowed it.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.60)(www.dailycatholic.org/history/15ecume1.htm)

1323        Oct 16, Amadeus V the Great, count of Flanders and Savoy, died at 74.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1384        Oct 16, The Polish princess Hedwig was crowned King Jadwiga (d.1399) at age 10. She was crowned as king to make it clear that she was a ruler, not a consort.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jadwiga_of_Poland)(SFC, 6/9/97, p.A10)(SSFC, 10/2/11, p.N4)

1492        Oct 16, Columbus' fleet anchored at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas).
    (http://tinyurl.com/774v3)

1551        Oct 16, Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, was re-arrested.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1553        Oct 16, Lucas Cranach the elder (b.1472), German painter and graphic artist, died at 81. His work included "Madonna and Child in a Landscape."
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.13)(WUD, 1994, p.339)(http://tinyurl.com/ykv47h)

1555        Oct 16, Hugh Latimer (80), Protestant royal chaplain of Anne Boleyn, was burned at stake at Oxford for heresy under the Catholic rule of Mary, half-sister of Edward VI.
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.A14)(www.flickr.com/photos/60861613@N00/3859836193/)
1555        Oct 16, Nicholas Ridley, Protestant English theologian and bishop of Rochester, was burned at Oxford for heresy under the Catholic rule of Mary, half-sister of Edward VI.
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.A14)(www.flickr.com/photos/60861613@N00/3859836193/)

1590        Oct 16, Carlo Gesualdo (~1566-1613), prince of Venosa, murdered his bride and her lover after catching them in flagrante delicto. In 1995 Werner Herzog covered this in his purported documentary “Death for Five Voices." In 2010 Glenn Watkins authored “The Gesualdo Hex: Music, Myth, and Memory."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Gesualdo)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.79)

1594        Oct 16, William Allen (62), English cardinal and founder of the seminary of Douai, died.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1621        Oct 16, Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, organist and composer, died at about 59.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1679        Oct 16, Jan Dismas Zelenka, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1701        Oct 16, Yale University was founded as The Collegiate School of Kilingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who considered Harvard too liberal. [see Oct 9]
    (HN, 10/16/00)

1708        Oct 16, Albrecht von Haller, Swiss experimental physiologist, was born.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1710        Oct 16, British troops occupied Port Royal, Nova Scotia.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1758        Oct 16, Noah Webster (d.1843), US teacher lexicographer and publisher, was born in Hartford, Conn. He wrote the “American Dictionary of the English Language."
    (AHD, 1971, p.1452)(AP, 10/16/08)

1793        Oct 16, During the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette was beheaded. Prosecutors claimed she had sexually abused her son and financially abused the French Monarchy.  In mourning for her husband, Louis XVI, who had been guillotined the previous January, clad in rags, her once-dazzling locks shorn by the executioner's assistant, she even suffered the indignity of a crude sketch by the great French painter, Jacques Louis David. Antoinette bore herself with a regal indifference to her martyrdom. Madame Tussaud used her severed head as a model for her wax bust death mask. In 2001 Antonia Fraser authored "Marie Antoinette: The Journey."
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.T5)(AP, 10/16/97)(WSJ, 10/5/01, p.W13)

1797        Oct 16, Lord Cardigan, leader of the famed Light Brigade which was decimated in the Crimean War, who eventually had a jacket named after him, was born.
    (HN, 10/16/98)

1810        Oct 16, Rabbi Nachman (b.1772) of Bratslav died and was buried in Uman, Ukraine. Nachman was renowned for his mystical interpretations of Jewish texts and his belief that higher spirituality could be achieved through a combination of prayer, meditation and good deeds. On his deathbed, he is said to have promised to be an advocate for anyone who would come and pray beside his tomb.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nachman_of_Breslov)

1813        Oct 16-19, In the Battle at Leipzig (aka Battle of the Nations) Napoleon faced Prussia, Austria and Russia and suffered one of his worst defeats.
    (DoW, 1999, p.325)

1821        Oct 16, Albert Franz Doppler, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1825        Oct 16, Thomas Turpin Crittenden (d.1905), Brig. Gen. (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1829        Oct 16, In Boston, Mass., the Tremont House, designed by Isaiah Rogers, opened as a hotel and continued to about 1895. The four-story, neoclassical building was the first modern hotel in America.
    (www.vintageallies.com/Vintage/the-tremont-house-boston-ma.html)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.13)

1834        Oct 16, In London the Houses of Parliament caught fire and many historic documents were burned. Artist J.M.W. Turner created two oil paintings of the burning of the Houses of Parliament.
    (www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/england/london/parliament/barry.html)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.90)

1846        Oct 16, Sulphurous ether was first administered in public at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston by dentist Dr. William Thomas Green Morton during an operation performed by Dr. John Collins Warren. Morton was the 1st to take public credit for the use of ether in a medical procedure and applied for a patent on its use, which was later nullified. In 2001 Julie M. Fenster authored “Ether Day," an account of Dr. Morton and ether. [see Sep 30] Oliver Wendall Holmes son suggested that that the procedure be called “Anesthesia."
    (WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A17)(ON, 10/20/11, p.10)

1847        Oct 16, Charlotte Bronte's book "Jane Eyre" was published by Smith, Elder & Co. under the pen name Currer Bell.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane_Eyre)(http://tinyurl.com/84e3uwp)

1848        Oct 16, The 1st US homeopathic medical college opened in Pennsylvania.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1849        Oct 16, George Washington Williams, historian, clergyman and politician, was born.
    (HN, 10/16/00)

1854        Oct 16, Abraham Lincoln delivered a speech in Peoria, Ill., part of a series against legislation proposed by Sen. Stephen Douglas that would allow settlers to decide the status of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska. In 2008 Lewis E. Lehrman authored “Lincoln at Peoria: The Turning Point."
    (WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W9)
1854        Oct 16, Oscar Wilde (born as Fingal O'Flahertie Wills, d.1900), dramatist, poet, novelist and critic, was born in Dublin. His work included “The Picture of Dorian Gray."  "Anybody can make history. Only a great man can write it." [see 1856-1900]
    (HN, 10/16/98)(AP, 2/16/99)(MC, 10/16/01)

1859        Oct 16, On Sunday evening radical abolitionist John Brown and a tiny army of five black and 13 white supporters seized the Federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia). Convinced that local slaves would rise up behind him, Brown planned to establish a new republic of fugitives in the Appalachian Mountains. Brown's plans immediately went awry when the expected slave rebellion did not happen and the townspeople trapped Brown's men inside the engine house at the Federal arsenal. Within 24 hours, Brown and his four surviving men were captured by a force of 90 U.S. Marines under the command of Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee, pictured here. Brown, quickly convicted of criminal conspiracy and treason and sentenced to death, was hanged on December 2, 1859. As he went to the gallows, Brown handed a note to one of his guards: "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood." The incident is the backdrop for George MacDonald Fraser’s novel "Flashman and the Angel of the Lord." Brown was convicted and executed at Charlestown for treason against the state of Virginia. In 2011 Tony Horwitz authored “John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War."
    (WSJ, 4/10/95, p. A-16)(AP, 10/16/97)(HNPD, 10/16/98)(HNQ, 2/3/00)(SSFC, 10/30/11, p.F4)

1861        Oct 16, The Confederacy started selling postage stamps.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1863        Oct 16, Grant was given command of Union forces in West. [see Oct 17]
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1868        Oct 16, Denmark ended its involvement in India by selling the rights to the Nicobar Islands to the British.
    (SFC, 11/3/11, p.A2)

1869        Oct 16, A hotel in Boston became the 1st to have indoor plumbing.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1880        Oct 16, Edward Wolff, composer, died at 64.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1886        Oct 16, David Ben-Gurion (d.1973), Israeli statesman, was born in Plonsk, Poland. He was the 1st PM of Israel and served from 1948-53 and in 1955.
    (HN, 10/16/00)(MC, 10/16/01)

1888        Oct 16, Eugene O'Neill (d.1953), Nobel Prize-winning playwright (1936), was born in NYC. His work includes “A Long Day's Journey Into Night" and “The Iceman Cometh."
    (AP, 11/27/97)(HN, 10/16/00)(MC, 10/16/01)

1890        Oct 16, Michael Collins (d.1922), Irish revolutionist, was born.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1898        Oct 16, William O. Douglas, 81st U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1939-75), was born.
    (HN, 10/16/00)(MC, 10/16/01)

1901        Oct 16, President Theodore Roosevelt incited controversy by inviting black leader Booker T. Washington to the White House.
    (HN, 10/16/98)

1904        Oct 16, The Russian Baltic fleet under Rear-Admiral Zinovi Rozhestvensky departed to lift the Japanese blockade at Port Arthur, Manchuria.
    (ON, 5/04, p.6)

1906        Oct 16, Cleanth Brooks, Kentucky-born writer and educator, was born.
    (HN, 10/16/00)

1908        Oct 16, The first airplane flight in England was made at Farnsborough, by Samuel Cody, a U.S. citizen.
    (HN, 10/16/98)

1914        Oct 16, In San Francisco the last spike of the Overfair Railway was driven for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. The miniature rail project to carry visitors around the fair was led by Oakland millionaire Louis Mac Dermot (d.1948). In 1979 Albert Smith, railroad buff and graduate of Cal Poly, acquired the Overfair steam locomotives, after inheriting Orchard Supply Hardware, and set them up on his Swanton Pacific Ranch. The ranch and railroad were left to Cal Poly following Smith’s death in 1993. 
    (SFC, 12/29/14, p.C2)

1915        Oct 16, San Francisco’s Panama-Pacific Expo celebrated “Tobacco Day." A “pipe of peace" festival took place in the Court of the Universe.
    (SSFC, 10/11/15, p.54)
1915        Oct 16, Great Britain declared war on Bulgaria.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1916        Oct 16, Margaret Higgins Sanger opened the first birth control clinic at 46 Amboy St. in Brooklyn. She spent 30 days in jail when she opened America's first birth control clinic. Sanger coined the term "birth control" and made the cause a worldwide movement. After opening her clinic in Brooklyn, she was jailed for creating a public nuisance. Born in Corning, New York, on September 14, 1883, Sanger died in 1966.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(HNQ, 9/11/98)
1916        Oct 16, The Philippine Commission was abolished and the Philippine Legislature was inaugurated. It consisted of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Native legislators were 1st elected but the US governors general remained in charge for years.
    (www.senate.gov.ph/about/history.asp)(SSFC, 5/11/03, p.D6)

1918        Oct 16, Felix Arndt, composer, died at 29.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1919        Oct 16, Kathleen Winsor, writer, was born. Her work includes “Forever Amber."
    (HN, 10/16/00)

1923        Oct 16, Walt Disney and his brother Roy O. Disney founded The Disney Company.
    (MC, 10/16/01)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A8)
1923        Oct 16, John Harwood patented a self-winding watch in Switzerland.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1925        Oct 16, Angela Lansbury, actress (Jessica-Murder She Wrote), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 10/16/01)
1925        Oct 16, The Texas School Board prohibited the teaching of evolution.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1926        Oct 16, Mohammed Nadir Khan began a coup in Afghanistan and 1200 were killed.
    (MC, 10/16/01)
1926        Oct 16, A troop ship sank in the Yangtze River killing 1,200.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1927        Oct 16, Günter Grass, novelist, playwright, painter and sculptor, was born in Danzig, Germany. He is best known for his first novel “The Tin Drum."
    (HN, 10/1/00)(MC, 10/16/01)

1928        Oct 16, Benjamin Strong (b.1872), American economist and 14-year head of the US Federal Reserve of New York, died in NYC.
    (Econ, 1/10/09, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Strong_Jr.)

1930        Oct 16, Dan Pagis, Romanian-born Israeli poet, was born.
    (HN, 10/16/00)

1932        Oct 16, Henry Jay Lewis, conductor and bass player (LA Philharmonic 1955-59), was born in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1934        Oct 16, Mao Tse-tung decided to abandon his base in Kiangsi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists. With his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he set out on the "Long March." In late 1935, with 8,000 survivors, he reached Hanoi in northwest China, and established Chinese Communist headquarters. In 2006 Andrew McEwen and Ed Jocelyn authored “The Long March: The Story Behind the Legendary Journey That Made Mao’s China." Also in 2006 Sun Shuyun authored “The Long March."
    (HN, 10/16/98)(www.kimsoft.com/korea/eyewit03.htm)

1938        Oct 16, Billy the Kid, a ballet by Aaron Copland, opened in Chicago.
    (HN, 10/16/98)
1938        Oct 16, In San Francisco the new Aquatic Park was officially opened at the end of Polk St. and Van Ness Ave after 7 years of work and $1 million in costs.
    (SSFC, 9/22/13, DB p.46)

1939        Oct 16, The comedy "The Man Who Came to Dinner," by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/16/99)(WSJ, 8/2/00, p.A20)

1940        Oct 16, Benjamin O. Davis became the U.S. Army’s first African American Brigadier General.
    (HN, 10/16/98)
1940        Oct 16, The 1st lottery for US WW II draftees was held; #158 drawn 1st.
    (MC, 10/16/01)
1940        Oct 16, The Warsaw Ghetto was formed by Nazi SS troops.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1941        Oct 16, Germany advanced within 60 miles of Moscow.
    (MC, 10/16/01)
1941        Oct 16, Antanas Gustaitis (b.1898), Lithuanian aviation engineer, was shot to death in Moscow. He had designed 9 ANBO airplanes.
    (LHC, 3/26/03)

1942        Oct 16, The ballet "Rodeo," with music by Aaron Copland and choreography by Agnes de Mille, premiered at New York's Metropolitan Opera House.
    (AP, 10/16/02)
1942        Oct 16, In India a cyclone devastated Bengal and about 40,000 lives were lost.
.    (www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)

1943        Oct 16, Chicago Mayor Edward J. Kelly officially opened the city’s new subway system during a ceremony at the State and Madison street station.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1943        Oct 16, In Italy the Nazi SS police and Waffen SS began rounding up the Jews of Rome. There was an anti Jewish riot in Rome as the Jewish quarter was surrounded by Nazis, and Jews were evacuated to Auschwitz. Pope Pius XII made no public protest, though he did send some messages of disapproval through intermediaries.
    (WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A46)(MC, 10/16/01)

1944        Oct 16, In Hungary the Horthy government fell as Adolf Eichmann returned to Budapest and immediately ordered the resumption of the Jewish deportation program. Ferenc Szalasi (1897-1946) became the prime minister.
    (ON, 10/20/11, p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferenc_Sz%C3%A1lasi)

1946        Oct 16, Ten Nazi war criminals condemned during the Nuremberg trials were hanged. The defendants included: Luftwaffe commander Hermann Göring, who was sentenced to death but committed suicide the morning of the execution; former deputy Führer Rudolph Hess, sentenced to life imprisonment; Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, hanged; head of the armed forces high command Wilhelm Keitel, hanged; writer and "philosopher" of National Socialism Alfred Rosenberg; U-boat Admiral Karl Dönitz, 10-year imprisonment; Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, life imprisonment; Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Shirach, 20-year imprisonment; procurer of slave labor Fritz Sauckel, hanged; and Alfred Jodl, chief of staff of the German high command, hanged. The hanging was badly botched as most Nazis slowly strangle to death. Also hanged were: Hans Frank, Governor-General of occupied Poland; Wilhelm Frick, Hitler's Minister of the Interior; Julius Streicher, rabid anti-Semite editor of Der Sturmer; Arthur Seyss-Inquart (54), Nazi leader of occupied Holland; Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian Nazi and SS leader.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(HN, 10/16/98)(HNPD, 10/20/99)

1947        Oct 16, Balys Sruoga, Lithuanian writer, died. He wrote many dramatic works poetry during his life, but his best known work is the novel "The Forest of Gods" (Dievų miškas), based on his own life experiences as a prisoner in Nazi German concentration camps, where he was sent in March 1943 together with other forty-seven Lithuanian intellectuals.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balys_Sruoga)

1948        Oct 16, Moscow Jews held a demonstration honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1951        Oct 16, Pakistan’s PM Liaquat Ali Khan (b.1896), son of a Punjabi prince, was assassinated in Rawalpindi, ushering in a period of political instability.
    (WSJ, 1/28/08, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat_Ali_Khan)

1953        Oct 16, Fidel Castro in Havana was sentenced to 15 years.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1957        Oct 16, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip began a visit to the United States with a stopover at the site of the Jamestown settlement in Virginia.
    (AP, 10/16/07)

1958        Oct 16, Tim Robbins, West Covina, Ca., actor (Bull Durham, Shawshank Redemption), was born.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1962        Oct 16, The Cuban missile crisis began as President Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
    (AP, 10/16/97)

1964        Oct 16, The New York Yankees fired manager Yogi Berra one day after their World Series loss to the St. Louis Cardinals.
    (http://www.baseball-almanac.com/ws/yr1964ws.shtml)
1964        Oct 16, Harold Wilson of the Labor Party assumed office as prime minister of Great Britain, succeeding Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home. Wilson’s Labor government took over from Harold MacMillan’s Conservatives.
    (AP, 10/16/99)(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)
1964        Oct 16, Red China detonated its first atomic bomb, codenamed "596," on the Lop Nur Test Ground, and became the world's 4th nuclear power.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(AP, 10/16/07)

1965        Oct 16, The world’s first acid rock dance was held at Longshoreman’s Hall. Top band on the bill was the Charlatan’s with Dan Hicks, a house band from the Red Dog Saloon in Virginia City. The Jefferson Airplane also made its first concert appearance. Alton Kelley (1940-2008) and 3 other people, under the name Family Dog, staged the dance concert.
    (www.chickenonaunicycle.com/FD%20Shows%20Full%20List.htm)(SFC, 6/3/08, p.B5)
 
1966        Oct 16, Joan Baez and 123 other anti-draft protestors were arrested in Oakland.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1968        Oct 16, American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos (23) sparked controversy at the Mexico City Olympics by giving "black power" salutes during a victory ceremony after they'd won gold and bronze medals in the 200-meter race. In 2011 John Carlos with Dave Zirin authored “The John Carlos Story: The Sports Moment That Changed the World."
    (AP, 10/16/08)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.G4)

1969        Oct 16, The New York Mets capped a miraculous season, winning the World Series in Game 5, a 5-3 victory over the Baltimore Orioles.
    (AP, 10/16/99)

1971        Oct 16, H. Rap Brown (b.1943) was captured following a shootout with police in NYC. He was charged with inciting a riot and carrying a gun across state lines. Brown converted to Islam in jail and became Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A13)(http://americanascherrypie.tripod.com/id3.html)

1972        Oct 16, A small plane disappeared during a flight from Anchorage to Juneau. On board were Thomas Hale Boggs Sr. (b.1914), US Congressman from Louisiana, Representative Nick Begich of Alaska, Begich’s aide Russell Brown and the pilot, Don Jonz. House Resolution 1 of January 3, 1973, officially recognized Boggs's presumed death and opened the way for a special election. Boggs’s wife, Lindy Boggs, (1916-2013), won the special election and served to 1991.
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hale_Boggs)

1973        Oct 16, Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77), and Le Duc Tho were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize; however, the Vietnamese official declined the award.
    (AP, 10/16/98)(http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/press.html)
1973        Oct 16, Maynard Jackson (1938-2003) was the elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta.
    (www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/jackson-jr-maynard-1938-2003)
1973        Oct 16, Gene Krupa (b.1909), US jazz and big band drummer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene_Krupa)
1973        Oct 16, OPEC, the Arab oil-producing nations, announced they would begin cutting back on oil exports to Western nations and Japan. The next day, the five Arab members of the OPEC committee were joined in Kuwait by the oil ministers of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, and Syria. The result was a total embargo that lasted until March 1974 and caused oil prices to quadruple.
    (www.harvardir.org/articles/1659/)(AP, 10/17/97)(WSJ, 7/28/03, p.A8)

1975        Oct 16, In East Timor five Australian journalists were killed when Indonesian troops overran the border town of Balibo. A 6th died weeks later when Jakarta launched a full-scale assault on Dili. In 2009 the film “Balibo," by Australian director Rob Connolly, depicted the killings.
    (AP, 7/22/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balibo_Five)
1975        Oct 16, Vittorio Gui (b.1885), Italian composer (Batture d'aspetto), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vittorio_Gui)

1976        Oct 16, In Alabama Sheryl Lynn Payton (24) was abducted, raped and murdered. In 1977 Thomas Whisenhant (29) was convicted after he confessed to her murder and that of 2 other convenience store clerks. Whisenhant's original conviction was overturned by the Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals. He was convicted again at a retrial in 1981. On May 27, 2010, Whisenhant was executed by lethal injection.
    (http://tinyurl.com/39dbsea)(SFC, 5/28/10, p.A8)

1978        Oct 16, The College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Wojtyla (58), Archbishop of Cracow, to become Pope. He took the name John Paul II. The first non-Italian since Adrian VI of Utrecht died in 1523.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(HN, 10/16/98)
1978        Oct 16, An attempted coup against President Ali Abdullah Saleh of North Yemen was crushed.
    (http://archive.gulfnews.com/indepth/30thyear/onthisday/10160457.html)

1981        Oct 16, Harvey Fierstein's "Torch Song Trilogy," premiered off-Broadway in NYC.
    (www.matthewbroderick.net/credit/stage/torchsong.html)
1981        Oct 16, William Holden (b.1918), actor (Network), died at 63.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1981)
1981        Oct 16, Israeli war hero Moshe Dayan died in Tel Aviv at age 66.
    (AP, 10/16/01)

1982        Oct 16, Mario del Monaco (b.1915), Italian opera singer, died of kidney disease.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_del_Monaco)

1983        Oct 16, George Liberace (b.1911), American violinist, died. He was the older brother of Liberace (1919-1987), the famed pianist.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Liberace)

1984        Oct 16, Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Archbishop in South Africa, won the Nobel Peace Prize for his decades of non-violent struggle for racial equality.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.32)(AP, 10/16/04)

1985        Oct 16, Intel introduced its 32-bit 80386 microcomputer chip.
    (www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/micropro/proc1980.htm)

1986        Oct 16, The US government closed down due to budget problems.
    (www.ssa.gov/legislation/history/99.htm)
1986        Oct 16, Arthur Grumiaux (b.1921), Belgian violinist, died at 65.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Grumiaux)
1986        Oct 16, Ron Arad, an Israeli airman, was the navigator in a plane that was shot down while bombing a Palestinian refugee camp in southern Lebanon. He was reportedly handed over to a Lebanese Shiite group led by Mustafa Dirani. In 2004 it was reported that Arad died in 1996, sometime after he was handed by Lebanese fighters to their Iranian sponsors. In 2008 a Hezbollah report said Arad had escaped from a holding cell in 1988 and probably died while trying to make his way home through difficult terrain.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A14)(AP, 10/25/04)(http://tinyurl.com/yz3zza)(AP, 10/8/08)

1987        Oct 16, A 58 1/2-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well.
    (AP, 10/16/97)
1987        Oct 16, 175-kph winds caused a blackout in London and much of southern England. At least 13 people died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/h29j)
1987        Oct 16, In the Persian Gulf, an Iranian missile hit a re-flagged Kuwaiti ship in the first direct attack on the tanker fleet guarded by the U.S.
    (AP, 10/16/97)

1988        Oct 16, The Los Angeles Dodgers shut out the Oakland A's, 6-0, in game two of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/16/98)
1988        Oct 16, Rescue workers near Point Barrow, Alaska, continued their efforts to save three California gray whales trapped in Arctic Ocean ice [see Oct 26].
    (AP, 10/16/98)

1989        Oct 16, President Bush signed an order cutting federal programs by $16.1 billion under the Gramm-Rudman budget-reduction law.
    (AP, 10/16/99)

1990        Oct 16, The Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A’s 7-to-0 in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1990        Oct 16, US forces reached 200,000 in Persian Gulf.
    (http://archives.econ.utah.edu/archives/marxism/2004w05/msg00102.htm)
1990        Oct 16, Comedian Steve Martin and his wife, actress Victoria Tennant, visited American GI’s in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1990        Oct 16, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev submitted to the Soviet legislature a scaled-back plan to transform the Soviet economy to a free-market system.
    (AP, 10/16/00)

1991        Oct 16, In Killeen, Texas, George Jo Hennard (35) crashed his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and opened fire, killing 23 people before taking his own life. Another 20 people were wounded.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)

1992        Oct 16, The Nobel Peace prize was awarded to Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who spoke on behalf of indigenous people and victims of government repression.
    (AP, 10/16/97)

1993        Oct 16, The Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Philadelphia Phillies, 8-5, in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/16/98)
1993        Oct 16, The U.N. Security Council endorsed the deployment of U.S. warships to block arms and oil shipments to Haiti in an attempt to increase pressure on Haiti's military leaders.
    (AP, 10/16/98)

1994        Oct 16, Heavy rains began drenching southeast Texas, resulting in floods that left 20 dead and forced 14,000 from their homes in 35 counties.
    (AP, 10/16/99)
1994        Oct 16, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl was elected to a fourth term.
    (AP, 10/16/99)

1995        Oct 16, A vast throng of black men gathered in Washington D.C. for the "Million Man March," "A Day of Atonement," led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(HN, 10/16/98)
1995        Oct 16, In California the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory released a $450,000 story that said leaks from underground gas storage tanks were not as bad as once believed. The tests did not include the effects of MTBE in leaking into ground water.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A9)
1995        Oct 16, Ethnic riots continued for a second day in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, between the Luos and the Nubians.
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995        Oct 16, Bosnian Serb leader Karadzic fired four generals for battlefield losses. Appeals were made to Serbian leader Milosevic for protection.
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995        Oct 16-18, Richard Holbrooke and other international mediators met in Moscow and traveled to the main capitals of the former Yugoslavia. The US named the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, as the site for the peace talks.
    (SFC, 10/16/97, p.A12)

1996        Oct 16, The “Day of Atonement" rally, a one year commemoration of the million-man-march, was led by Louis Farrakhan near the UN in New York and about 25 thousand attended.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A3)
1996        Oct 16, Republican Bob Dole challenged President Clinton's ethics and honesty in their final debate.
    (AP, 10/16/97)
1996        Oct 16, In Australia it was reported that fossilized footprints of a stegosaurus dinosaur were discovered stolen last week from Aboriginal grounds near Broome.
    (SFC, 10/16/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 16, In Australia the Senate called for self-determination in East Timor and supported independence from Jakarta. The government had earlier recognized the incorporation of East Timor into Indonesia.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)
1996        Oct 16, The Council of Europe, a promoter of democracy and human rights admitted Croatia as its 40th member.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)
1996        Oct 16, In Egypt two girls, 4 & 3, died from bleeding after being circumcised at their homes by a government doctor.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)
1996        Oct 16, Soccer fans at a World Cup qualifying match trying to squeeze into Mateo Flores National Stadium in Guatemala City stampeded, killing [83] 84 people. 180 were injured.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A1)(AP, 10/16/97)
1996        Oct 16, In Somalia an agreement was reached by faction leaders Hussein Aidid, Ali Mahdi Mohamed and Ali Hassan Osman Atto, to implement a peace accord.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)

1997        Oct 16, Pres. Clinton designated Argentina a “non-NATO ally" during a speech in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.A25)
1997        Oct 16, US doctors reported that a Georgia woman (39) was first to give birth using a frozen egg in the US. The egg was supplied by a woman (29) and had been frozen for 25 months before it was thawed and fertilized.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/16/98)
1997        Oct 16, In Humboldt County, Ca., 4 protestors staged a sit-in in the office of Republican Representative Frank Riggs in Eureka. Sheriff’s deputies applied pepper spray directly to the eyes of the protestors using cotton swabs and Q-tips.
    (SFC, 10/31/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 16, James A. Michener, American novelist, died at 90 in Texas. He wrote some 47 books that began with “Tales of the South Pacific" in 1947.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.A1,17)(AP, 10/16/98)
1997        Oct 16, It was reported that the US Agency for Int’l. Development donated $1 million to Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic for reconstruction in Banja Luka.
    (SFC, 10/16/97, p.A14)
1997        Oct 16, Bosnian Serb hard-liners launched a guerrilla-style TV broadcast and attacked the West’s efforts to silence them.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.D2)

1998        Oct 16, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to John Hume, head of the Irish Catholic Social Democratic and Labor Party, and to David Trimble, leader of the Protestant Ulster Unionist Party.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.D1)(AP, 10/16/99)
1998        Oct 16, Congress passed legislation to extend copyrights for corporations to 95 years from 75, and for individuals to 70 years after death, rather than 50. It became known as the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. In 2003 the Supreme Court upheld the extension.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A1)(NW, 10/21/02, p.40)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A1)
1998        Oct 16, It was reported that a growing number of lobsters in Maine were being found sick and dying from undetermined causes.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 16, In Brazil imports exceeded exports by over 4% of the economy and the inflation rate exceeded that of the US. This indicated that the real was overpriced and that devaluation was needed.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 16, After receiving a Spanish extradition warrant, British police arrested former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in London for questioning about allegations that he had murdered Spanish citizens during his years in power. Pinochet was held for 16 months as courts decided whether he could be extradited to Spain; he was allowed in 2000 to return to Chile, where a court later held that he could not face charges because of his deteriorating health and mental condition.
    (AP, 10/16/03)

1998        Oct 16, In Colombia red ants, called “crazy ants" by farmers in the Santander and Boyaca provinces, had destroyed some 10,000 acres of crops and threatened an additional 100,000 acres.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 16, In the Republic of Congo a court indicted 100 members of the recently ousted government on charges of assassination, torture, rape, fraud and theft.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, It was reported that Bobi Ladawa Mobutu, wife of Mobutu Sese Seko, and son, Nazanga, had established a Mobutu Family Foundation to carry out charitable programs in the US and Africa for young Africans. The former dictator was believed to have taken $10 billion from the Congo.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, Lawmakers in Ecuador and Peru agreed to let their border dispute be resolved by the US, Brazil, Chile and Argentina.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, In Haiti a former judge, Luckner Pierrex, was arrested for the 1982 slaying of journalist Richard Brisson.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998        Oct 16, In Italy Massimo D’Alema, head of the Democratic Left Party, was asked by Pres. Scalfaro to form a new government.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 16, In Japan the Diet approved laws to pump $517 billion in public money into the country’s cash-strapped banks.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, It was reported that fires in Russia were burning in the Sikhote-Alin wildlife reserve and threatened Siberian tigers of which only an estimated 450 remained.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 16, Serbian Pres. Milosevic was given an additional 10 days to withdraw forces from Kosovo and comply with UN demands.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A1)

1999        Oct 16, A New York Air National Guard plane rescued Dr. Jerri Nielsen from a South Pole research center after she’d spent five months isolated by the Antarctic winter, which forced her to treat herself for a breast lump.
    (AP, 10/16/00)
1999        Oct 16, Hurricane Irene rumbled up the East Coast.
    (AP, 10/16/00)   
1999        Oct 16, A 7.0 earthquake, centered near Joshua Tree, Ca., struck in the Mohave Desert. An Amtrak train was derailed, but there were no deaths.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 16, Jean Shepherd, radio personality, died in Sanibel, Florida, at age 78. His syndicated PBS TV programs included "Jean Shepherd's America" and "Shepherd's Pie."
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.D10)(AP, 10/16/00)
1999        Oct 16, In Afghanistan the Taliban rejected the UN ultimatum to surrender Osama bin Laden and castigated the UN for threatening sanctions.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A22)
1999        Oct 16, The 1st graduate class of the Kosovo Police Service School was honored in Pristina.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A21)

2000        Oct 16, The New York Mets beat the St. Louis Cardinals 7-to-0 to win the National League championship series four games to one.
    (AP, 10/16/01)
2000        Oct 16, President Clinton launched a fresh effort to try to cool Middle East tensions at an emergency summit in Egypt that included Israeli and Palestinian leaders, as well as the leaders of Egypt and Jordan and U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 10/16/01)
2000        Oct 16, Louis Farrakhan planned a one million family march in Washington to seek spiritual strength and political empowerment. Thousands gathered in the National Mall to celebrate the American family.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A3)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 16, Missouri Gov. Mel Carnahan, his son, Roger Carnahan, and chief of staff Chris Sifford were killed in a plane crash near St. Louis. Roger Carnahan piloted the twin-engine Cessna in stormy weather.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 16, The Chinese press endorsed the building of a $12 billion river project to divert water from the Yangtze north to the Yellow River.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C3)
2000        Oct 16, A Middle East summit was planned to begin at Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt. Violent demonstrations continued in the West Bank and Gaza and 2 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 16, Israel announced the kidnapping by Hizbullah of Elchanan Tannenbaum (b.1946), a colonel in Israel’s reserves. He was kidnapped in Dubai and taken to Lebanon. Tannenbaum was released in January 2004 as part of a prisoner swap with Hezbollah. The swap exchanged 435 prisoners held by Israel in return for Tannenbaum's release and the return of the bodies of 3 soldiers killed during an ambush along the Israeli-Lebanese border.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elchanan_Tennenbaum)
2000        Oct 16, In Lagos, Nigeria, over 100 people died in clashes between Hausas and Yorubas. Most of the dead were believed to be Hausas.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 10/18/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 16, Milosevic allies agreed to share power until elections. A German newspaper reported that the Milosevic family had $100 million in foreign accounts with some of the money from drug trafficking. Swiss authorities had already frozen 100 bank accounts worth $57 million linked to Milosevic and his allies.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 16, In Spain Col. Antonio Munoz Carinanos (58), a military doctor, was killed in Seville by 3 suspected Basque gunmen. 2 suspects were arrested.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)
2000        Oct 16, Hundreds rampaged in eastern Harare over food prices. Opposition leaders called for the resignation of Pres. Mugabe.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)

2001        Oct 16, A wing of the US Senate building was closed following confirmation that a letter to Sen. Tom Daschle, D-S.D., carried anthrax. It was later found that the anthrax contained the additive bentonite to enhance suspension in air. 12 Senate offices were closed as hundreds of staffers underwent anthrax tests.
    (SFC, 10/17/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/25/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/16/02)
2001        Oct 16, Over 100 aircraft struck targets in Afghanistan and 2 gunships fired on Taliban and al Qaeda troops. U.S. bombs struck the Red Cross compound in Afghanistan, injuring a guard.
    (WSJ, 10/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/16/02)
2001        Oct 16, It was reported that the US strategy in the bombing of Afghanistan was failing because it contradicted a Pashtun code of honor known as Pashtunwali. Central to the code is nang, where death is taught to be preferable to a life without honor. A 2nd tenet called badal, revenge, taught that only way to redeem honor is to avenge it. A 3rd tenet called melmastiya, hospitality, was exploited by Osama bin Laden as a guest in the country.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 16, US Customs at JFK found $140,763 in the luggage of Basam Nahshal who was bound for Yemen. A 2nd man Ali Alfatimi claimed the money was his and was being smuggled to Yemen as part of his travel business.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 16, Robert Durst failed to appear for a court hearing in the dismemberment death of Morris Black (71) in Galveston, Texas. Durst was also a suspect in the Dec, 2000, shooting death of author Susan Berman. In 1982 Kathleen Durst (29) had disappeared after spending a weekend at the family cottage in South Salem. Robert Durst, her husband, reported her missing Feb 5. Durst was arrested Nov 30, 2001, in Bethlehem, Pa., for shoplifting. A Texas jury acquitted Durst of Black's murder in 2003.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A15)(SFC, 12/1/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2001        Oct 16, Enron Corp. reported a 3rd quarter loss of $618 million and reduced shareholder equity by $1.2 billion to account for transactions involving limited partnerships.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)
2001        Oct 16, Etta Jones (72), jazz vocalist, died in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A21)
2001        Oct 16, In Israel PM Sharon said he would accept the creation of a Palestinian state if Israeli security needs were met.
    (WSJ, 10/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 16, It was reported that flooding in North Korea had killed at least 81 people and damaged vast amounts of cropland over the last week. This portended an 8th year of food shortages.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)

2002        Oct 16, President Bush signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2002        Oct 16, A Bush administration official reported that North Korea had told the United States it has a secret nuclear weapons program in violation of a 1994 agreement signed with the Clinton administration.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 16, The US offered a compromise proposal at the UN that called for serious consequences if Iraq does not comply with weapons inspections.
    (SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 16, In Baltimore Angela Dawson (36) burned to death with 4 of her children after a drug pusher, Darrell Brooks (21), set fire to her home. Carnell Dawson Sr. (43) died from his burns Oct 23.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A6)
2002        Oct 16, In Colombia more than 1,000 police and soldiers backed by helicopter gunships stormed Comuna 13, a violence-plagued neighborhood in Medellin, exchanging heavy fire with leftist rebels. Authorities said at least nine people were killed, including a 16-year-old boy. In 2009 Diego Fernando Murillo, a Colombian warlord awaiting sentencing in New York City after pleading guilty to drug-trafficking charges, said former army chief Gen. Mario Montoya mounted the joint operation with his illegal, far-right militia.
    (AP, 10/16/02)(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A16)(www.colombiajournal.org/colombia137.htm)(AP, 3/3/09)
2002        Oct 16, Egypt inaugurated the new $230 million Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a modern version of the ancient library known for a freedom of thought and expression lacking in today's Middle East. It was funded mostly by Iraq, the UAR and Saudi Arabia. The planned capacity was 4 million books.
    (SFC, 5/30/02, p.D11)(AP, 10/16/02)
2002        Oct 16, Rebels controlling the northern half of Ivory Coast agreed to a truce with the government they attempted to overthrow.
    (AP, 10/16/02)
2002        Oct 16, In Jamaica Prime Minister P.J. Patterson's party became the country's first leader elected to three straight terms. Jamaicans turned out in large numbers to vote despite pelting rains and concerns of violence in an election they hoped would revive a sagging economy and ease spiraling crime.
    (AP, 10/17/02)
2002        Oct 16, The Dutch government collapsed amid infighting in the List party.
    (WSJ, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 16, Paraguay's vice president Julio Cesar Franco resigned after months of political feuding, to meet a deadline to run for the presidency.
    (AP, 10/16/02)

203        Oct 16, The New York Yankees won the American League Championship Series, defeating the Boston Red Sox 6-5 in Game 7.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2003        Oct 16, Pres. Bush met with Calif. Gov-elect Arnold Schwarzenegger during a stopover at the start of a weeklong trip to Asia and Australia.
    (ST, 10/17/03, p.A5)
2003        Oct 16, The Bridgeport, Conn. Diocese announced a $21 million settlement with 40 people who said they had been molested by priests when they were children.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A7)
2003        Oct 16, Alan Mulally, CEO of Boeing, announced that production of the Boeing 757 would end in late 2004.
    (ST, 10/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 16, In Azerbaijan rioting protesters clashed with police in the capital, Baku, after Ilham Aliev was elected to succeed his father as president. At least 2 people were reported killed. The vote was marred by fraud. Closest rival Isa Gambar had 11% of the vote.
    (AP, 10/16/03)(SFC, 10/16/03, p.A3)(ST, 10/17/03, p.A14)
2003        Oct 16, Canada's 2 conservative parties agreed to unite to give the governing Liberal Party a competitive race in 2004 national elections.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 16, In northern Colombia suspected paramilitary gunmen shot and killed Esperanza Amaris (40), a women's rights activist.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2003        Oct 16, Iraqi police backed by American tanks forced out the renegade Sadr City council.
    (WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
22003        Oct 16, In Iraq 3 American soldiers were killed during a clash at a Shiite Muslim cleric's headquarters in Karbala.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2003        Oct 16, Laos and Thailand signed a pact aimed at stamping out border attacks by unknown militants.
    (ST, 10/17/03, p.A13)
2003        Oct 16, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad told a summit of Islamic leaders that "Jews rule the world by proxy" and the world's 1.3 billion Muslims should unite, using nonviolent means for a "final victory."
    (AP, 10/16/03)
2003        Oct 16, Palestinian police arrested 7 suspects in Jebaliya for a deadly attack on US diplomats, briefly exchanging fire with the militants during a nighttime raid. The suspects were members of the Popular Resistance Committees, a group of dozens of armed men from various factions, former members of the security forces and disgruntled followers of Yasser Arafat.
    (AP, 10/16/03)(WSJ, 10/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 16, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at attracting aid to stabilize Iraq and putting it on the road to independence.
    (AP, 10/16/03)
2003        Oct 16, Pope John Paul II celebrated his 25th anniversary, reaching a milestone matched by only three of his predecessors.
    (AP, 10/16/03)

2004        Oct 16, In Arizona a stolen truck filled with suspected illegal immigrants sped away from deputies and rolled over at a busy intersection near an Army post, causing an 11-car crash that killed six people and seriously injured 15.
    (AP, 10/17/04)
2004        Oct 16, Pierre Salinger (79), who served as press secretary to US presidents Kennedy and Johnson, died of a heart attack near his home in Le Thon, France.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2004        Oct 16, Congo Pres. Joseph Kabila visited northeastern territory formerly held by rebels. The army claimed to have retaken a village near Zambia and killed at least 20 militiamen.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2004        Oct 16, In India the ruling Congress party won power in Maharashtra, a victory that will boost the fortunes of Italian-born Sonia Gandhi's party and strengthen PM Manmohan Singh's minority national coalition.
    (AP, 10/16/04)
2004        Oct 16, In Iraq a Fallujah delegation offered to resume peace talks with the government if the US ceases attacks against the city and releases the chief negotiator. 2 US Army helicopters crashed in Baghdad and 2 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 10/16/04)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 16, Russia’s Soyuz spacecraft was forced to manually dock with the international space station after it closed in on the station at a dangerously high speed.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2004        Oct 16, Saudi security forces captured four suspected militants in the Khaleej neighborhood of Riyadh.
    (AP, 10/17/04)

2005        Oct 16, The Chicago White Sox beat the Los Angeles Angels 6-3 to win the American League Championship Series in five games, their first pennant since 1959.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2005        Oct 16, In Wisconsin a bus carrying Chippewa Falls High School students home from a band competition collided with a semi truck, killing five passengers near Osseo.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, In SF Andre Daniels (31) was robbed and his wife was raped at 73 Brookdale Ave, in the Sunnyside housing project in Visitacion Valley. Daniels identified Laron Lewis (26) as one of the assailants and a tip led police to Damien Ramond (23). On May 20, 2007, Daniels was shot and killed outside his unit at the Alice Griffith project in the Bayview district. His death doomed the sexual assault case against Lewis and Ramond.
    (SSFC, 11/23/08, p.A14)
2005        Oct 16, Elmer "Len" Dresslar Jr. (80), the booming voice of the Jolly Green Giant, died.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2005        Oct 16, Gordon Lee (b.1933), child actor who played Porky in the “Our Gang" shorts (Little Rascals), died in Minneapolis, Min. Porky was the little brother of Spanky McFarland.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.B5)
2005        Oct 16, Barrington Moore (b.1913), American political sociologist, died. His work included “Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World" (1966). This included his famous statement "No bourgeoisie, no democracy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrington_Moore,_Jr.)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.56)
2005        Oct 16, Afghanistan's election authority announced final results for two of the country's 34 provinces as hundreds of protestors blocked roads in two key cities alleging fraud in the count. Officials said election authorities have fired about 50 employees for suspected fraud in last month's legislative polls. About 3% of votes, have been taken out of the counting process because of suspicions that they were stuffed.
    (AP, 10/16/05)(AFP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, In Argentina a fire apparently set by rebellious inmates swept through a prison southeast of Buenos Aires, killing at least 17 inmates.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Britain’s Sunday Telegraph said satellite broadcaster BSkyB will muscle in on the lucrative Internet broadband market by announcing next week the takeover of Easynet, the London-listed telecoms company.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, In China top US economic officials, led by Treasury Secretary John Snow and Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan, began talks with their Chinese counterparts on rancorous economic issues, including Beijing's currency controls and its huge and growing trade surplus. This is the 17th meeting of the U.S.-China Joint Economic Commission since the forum was founded in 1979 to thrash out economic issues.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Iraq's constitution seemed assured of passage despite strong opposition from Sunni Arabs, who voted in surprisingly high numbers in an effort to stop it.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Italy held primaries to select the center-left's candidate to challenge conservative Premier Silvio Berlusconi in next year's election. Former Italian premier Romano Prodi made a sweeping victory in a nationwide primary.
    (AP, 10/16/05)(AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 16, In Italy center-left politician Francesco Fortugno was shot as he voted in a nationwide primary in the small Calabrian town of Locri. In March 2006 police arrested 5 suspects in Reggio Calabria.
    (AP, 10/22/05)(AP, 3/21/06)
2005        Oct 16, A Japanese newspaper reported that the US and Japan have reached a basic agreement on relocating two US military bases on the southern island of Okinawa, where the US presence has frequently provoked protests.
    (AP, 10/16/05)
2005        Oct 16, Palestinian gunmen killed three Israelis and wounded five in drive-by attacks near Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 16, Alexander Slesarev, a Russian businessman believed to be the true owner of Sodbiznesbank, was shot to death outside Moscow along with his wife and young daughter.
    (http://english.pravda.ru/topic/Kozlov-264/)(WSJ, 9/22/06, p.A6)
2005        Oct 16, Rebels and Sudanese forces clashed in North Darfur with artillery fire killing a number of civilians.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 16, Polish television broadcast a recorded interview with Pope Benedict XVI, who said that he planned to visit Poland, the homeland of his predecessor, John Paul II (it's believed to be the first TV interview by a pope).
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2005        Oct 16, In Syria a pro-democracy group issued the Damascus Declaration for Democratic National Change. The group came to be called the Damascus Declaration.
    (AP, 10/29/08)(http://tinyurl.com/5jc9vh)
2005        Oct 16, In Tanzania 4 British tourists and a Canadian pilot who were killed in a weekend plane crash in the western part of the country.
    (AFP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 16, In southern Thailand about 20 suspected Muslim separatists stormed a monastery, hacked an elderly Buddhist monk to death and fatally shot two temple boys.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2006        Oct 16, President Bush personally assured Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki by phone that he had set no timetable for pulling troops out of Iraq.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2006        Oct 16, A lawyer said Lester Crawford, former US Food and Drug Administration Commissioner who resigned last year, will plead guilty to two counts of misdemeanor over his ownership of stock in companies regulated by the agency.
    (Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Lynne Stewart, a firebrand civil rights lawyer, was sentenced in New York to 28 months in prison for helping an imprisoned terrorist sheik communicate with his followers on the outside.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2006        Oct 16, The US Defense Dept. said that it would resume mandatory anthrax immunizations for military personnel serving in Iraq, Afghanistan and South Korea.
    (SFC, 10/17/06, p.A11)
2006        Oct 16, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger announced that he was planning to set up an emissions-trading scheme between California and other states to try to curb the output of greenhouse gases.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.14)
2006        Oct 16, In southeast Texas heavy rains and a tornado left 3 people dead.
    (WSJ, 10/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 16, Suicide bombers struck in Afghanistan's two main cities, killing three civilians and wounding six. Elsewhere, seven suspected militants died in fighting with coalition and NATO forces.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Australia said it will ban North Korean ships from entering its ports, toughening its response to the North's reported nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Queen Elizabeth II kicked off her first-ever visit to the Baltic states as Lithuania’s PM Gediminas Kirkilas welcomed the British monarch to the northern European region.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, The biggest underwater gas pipeline in the world, transporting gas from Norway 750 miles (1,200 kilometers) under the North Sea to Britain, was officially opened by PM Tony Blair and PM Jens Stoltenberg. Construction of the pipeline by Norwegian firm Hydro began in 2004. The Langeled pipeline is expected to supply one fifth of Britain's total gas requirements in the coming decades.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In northern China a fire in a coal mine trapped 28 miners.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, A US-based rights group accused soldiers in Congo's postwar, national-unity army of abducting civilians and forcing them to serve as personal attendants and mine workers in the troubled Central African country.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Costa Rica several operators of Internet gambling sites known as "sportsbooks" say their businesses will not be significantly affected by a new US law prohibiting bank and credit card payments to the sites.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak and Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi held talks on how to resolve the Darfur crisis in Sudan without intervention from outside Africa.
    (AFP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, The UN accused Eritrea of moving 1,500 troops and 14 tanks into a buffer zone established after a 2 1/2-year border war with Ethiopia in "a major breach" of a cease-fire agreement reached in 2000.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Guatemala topped Venezuela in the first round of voting for a UN Security Council seat, but it failed to get the necessary two-thirds majority to win a two-year term on the decision-making body. The 192-nation General Assembly elected South Africa, Indonesia, Italy and Belgium for the four other open seats in a secret ballot. 10 rounds of voting failed to anoint a winner to fill the spot reserved for Latin America.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 16, In central Indonesia an unidentified gunman killed a Christian priest, where religious tensions have been mounting since the executions last month of three Roman Catholic militants.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Saddam Hussein issued an open letter, saying Iraq's "liberation is at hand" and calling for an end to sectarian killings. The brother of the prosecutor in his genocide trial was shot to death at home, the latest death linked to proceedings against the deposed leader. Unidentified gunmen in police uniforms hijacked 13 civilian cars and abducted their occupants at a checkpoint outside Balad after the post had shut down for the night. Sunnis fleeing Balad across the Tigris River to Duluiyah said Shiite police in the city had teamed up with death squads who killed at least 74 Sunnis. A pair of roadside bombs exploded near a bank in central Baghdad, killing a policeman, while the bullet-riddled bodies of eight men were found dumped around the Iraqi capital overnight. Across Iraq bombings and shootings killed at least 32 people, including 10 who died in shootings in the predominantly Shiite city of Basra. In Karmah a roadside bomb killed five Iraqi soldiers as their convoy passed through the town. Gunmen stormed into the house of a Shiite family in Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad before dawn, killing the mother and four adult sons and injuring the father. 708 Iraqis have been reported killed in war-related violence this month, or more than 44 a day.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 16, Cocoa farmers across Ivory Coast went on strike, holding back their crops to protest low retail prices and high export taxes in a move that could affect the world market.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Moldova an appeals court overturned a guilty verdict against the former defense minister, clearing him of charges he sold 21 fighter planes too cheaply to the US. Valeriu Pasat, who was defense minister from 1997 to 1999 and head of the country's spy services from 1999 to 2002, claimed the case against him was politically motivated because of his support for a movement opposed to Communist President Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In central Myanmar Thet Win Aung (34), who had been serving a 59-year sentence since 1998 after protesting for educational reform, died in jail.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Nigeria legislators in southwest Ekiti state voted to remove Gov. Ayo Fayose on after finding him guilty of siphoning state funds into personal bank accounts and receiving kickbacks.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 16, Eight Pakistanis released from US detention facilities in Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, returned home.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Peru former President Valentin Paniagua (69) died. The unassuming former law professor shepherded Peru back to democracy as interim president following the 2000 collapse of Alberto Fujimori's autocratic regime. Paniagua governed Peru from November 2000 to July 2001.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Russia demanded that the US lift sanctions against two Russian companies accused of making deals with Iran involving sensitive technology and hinted that a US refusal could affect negotiations on a U.N. sanctions resolution against Tehran.
    (AP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, The business chief of Russian state news agency Itar-Tass was found knifed to death at his flat in central Moscow. Police in Russia’s North Caucasus region of Ingushetia arrested rights activists and violently broke up a rally in memory of slain reporter Anna Politkovskaya.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels rammed a truck packed with explosives into a convoy of military buses, killing at least 103 people and wounding 150 more in one of the deadliest insurgent attacks since the 2002 cease-fire.
    (AFP, 10/16/06)
2006        Oct 16, Sweden’s Culture Minister Cecilia Stego Chilo issued a statement saying she could not carry out her duties after it was revealed that she evaded taxes by paying a nanny under the table and failed to pay her mandatory TV license fee. Surveys showed about one-third of Swedes have bought "black market services," mostly for cleaning, painting or carpentry jobs. Hiring a cleaner legally costs around $40 an hour, including taxes, while a black market hire will do the job for less than $14, tax-free.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/20/06)

2007        Oct 16,     President Bush and the Dalai Lama met with a ceremony planned for tomorrow to award the spiritual leader the Congressional Gold Medal. China warned that the events are bad for US-Chinese ties.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, In California a blinding sandstorm north of Los Angeles caused a pileup of some 15 vehicles leaving at least 2 people dead and 16 injured.
    (SFC, 10/17/07, p.B4)
2007        Oct 16, The Oakland, Ca., the City Council adopted an ordnance banning smoking in ATM lines, parks, bus stops and municipal golf courses.
    (SFC, 10/17/07, p.B1)
2007        Oct 16, Oil prices reached another record high closing at 87.61 per barrel in the NY Mercantile Exchange.
    (SFC, 10/17/07, p.C1)
2007        Oct 16, A Taliban ambush on a police patrol in southern Afghanistan left one officer dead and four others wounded.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 16, Barbara West Dainton (96), believed to be one of the last two survivors from the sinking of the Titanic in 1912, died in Camborne, England.
    (AP, 10/16/08)
2007        Oct 16, British actress Deborah Kerr (b.1921) died. She shared one of cinema's most famous kisses with Burt Lancaster in "From Here to Eternity" (1953). Her many films included “The King and I" with Yul Brynner.
    (AP, 10/18/07)(SFC, 10/19/07, p.A11)
2007        Oct 16,     Burundi's last active rebel group said it will shun a weekend meeting to put the central African nation's derailed peace process back on track as the South African mediator was biased.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16,     Chad's government declared a state of emergency along its eastern border with Sudan's Darfur and in its remote desert north to tackle a fresh flare-up of ethnic violence that killed at least 20 people.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, A boat from Guatemala with over 20 migrants capsized. Mexican authorities by the end of the week recovered the bodies of 15 migrants. The vessel was believed to be carrying more than 20 people. There were 2 survivors.
    (AP, 10/21/07)
2007        Oct 16,     A study in Hong Kong reportedly found that Lupeol, a compound in fruits like mangoes, grapes and strawberries, appears to be effective in killing and curbing the spread of cancer cells in the head and neck.
    (Reuters, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16,     India and Nigeria reaffirmed their stance in favor of UN Security Council reform and signed up to a slew of cooperation agreements on day two of a state visit to Nigeria by Indian PM Manmohan Singh.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, India's PM Manmohan Singh raised fresh doubts about a landmark nuclear energy accord with the US, telling President Bush that his government is having "certain difficulties" finalizing the deal, which has faced mounting domestic opposition.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, In Iran    Russian leader Vladimir Putin met his Iranian counterpart and implicitly warned the US not to use a former Soviet republic to stage an attack on Iran. He also said nations should not pursue oil pipeline projects that are not backed by regional powers.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16,     A car bomb exploded near an Iraqi army checkpoint in Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding 25.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, Anne Enright, Irish author, won the Man Booker prize for her novel “The Gathering."
    (SFC, 10/17/07, p.A2)
2007        Oct 16,     Japan, Myanmar's largest aid donor, said it had canceled a multimillion dollar grant to protest the military-ruled nation's crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, Libya, a former pariah state condemned by the U.S. as a sponsor of terrorism, won a seat on the UN Security Council without opposition from the Bush administration.
    (AP, 10/16/07)
2007        Oct 16, In Myanmar relatives said 5 pro-democracy activists had been sentenced to long jail terms.
    (WSJ, 10/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 16, A revolt at a Russian prison for minors, in the Sverdlovsk region in the Ural Mountains, swelled into a mass uprising that left two people dead and buildings gutted before guards and riot police restored order.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 16, In Sudan 2 truck drivers working for the UN's World Food Program were killed in an ambush near the South Darfur town of Ed Daien. A 3rd was killed on Oct 12.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

2008        Oct 16, Pres. George W. Bush signed the 315-page Rail Safety Improvement Act. The bill introduced a new rail safety system called Positive Train Control (PTC).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positive_train_control)(Econ, 7/24/10, p.70)
2008        Oct 16, The US FDA said it would open its first office in China before the end of the year. Over 60 FDA would be placed world-wide over the next year.
    (SFC, 10/17/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 16, Nasdaq filed with the SEC to temporarily suspend rules to remove securities trading below a dollar. The Sec approved the change effective this day.
    (SFC, 10/25/08, p.C1)
2008        Oct 16, The annual TED prize was awarded to Sylvia Earl, Deep ocean explorer; Jill Cornell Tarter, astronomer; and Jose Antonio Abreu, classical music maestro.
    (SFC, 10/17/08, p.C3)
2008        Oct 16, Hawaii state officials said they will stop giving health coverage to the 2,000 children enrolled by Nov. 1, but private partner Hawaii Medical Service Association will pay to extend their coverage through the end of the year without government support. Hawaii lawmakers had approved the health plan in 2007 as a way to ensure every child can get basic medical help.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, The Hubble Space Telescope went into the final stages of recovery after NASA successfully bypassed a faulty computer and resurrected an 18-year-old spare from orbital hibernation.
    (Reuters, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Edie Adams (b.1927), actress and singer, died. The blonde beauty had won a Tony Award for bringing Daisy Mae to life on Broadway and played the television foil to her husband, comedian Ernie Kovacs.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, In southern Afghanistan an insurgent's rocket hit Lashkar Gah, capital of the world's largest opium producing region, killing a civilian and wounding five other people. An Afghan policeman killed a US soldier on foot patrol in Paktika province and a second international troop was killed by a mortar in another "possible friendly fire" incident. Air strikes in the Nad Ali district of Helmand province reportedly killed 17 civilians. 18 insurgents were killed in fighting in Kunar province.
    (AP, 10/16/08)(AFP, 10/16/08)(SFC, 10/18/08, p.A9)
2008        Oct 16, Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva arrived in Mozambique to launch a project to make anti-AIDS drugs in the southern African country.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, Around one million Burundian children under the age of five suffer chronic malnutrition, the UN food agency announced as it marked World Food Day in the tiny central African nation.
    (AP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Cambodia and Thailand agreed to joint patrols of disputed border areas after deadly clashes, but made little progress toward resolving their long-standing territorial spat.
    (AFP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Canadian police said a bomb damaged a natural gas pipeline in British Columbia, describing the overnight attack as the second of its kind in the same area in a week.
    (Reuters, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, In Dubai a British couple was sentenced to three months in jail in a case that has caused controversy because the two were charged in July with having sex on the beach.  The Dubai Court of Appeals upheld the guilty verdict but dropped the prison sentences for Michelle Palmer and Vince Acors, though it ruled the couple must still be deported from the United Arab Emirates and pay a fine of about $272 each.
    (AP, 10/15/08)(AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Oct 16, The European Commission announced 15 million euros (20 million dollars) of emergency food aid for victims of drought and soaring food prices in five east African countries. The biggest share will go to Ethiopia and Somalia and smaller amounts to Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti.
    (AFP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, The European Central Bank extended emergency loans to Hungary’s central bank. The ECB said it will lend up to $6.75 billion.
    (SFC, 10/17/08, p.A5)
2008        Oct 16, The International Committee of the Red Cross said Iran and Iraq have signed an agreement to trace missing persons from the war between the two countries. About 1 million people died in the eight-year war that began when Saddam Hussein launched an attack on Iran in 1980.
    (AP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, A heavy sandstorm turned Iraq's capital into a pinkish haze, sending dozens of people to the hospital with respiratory problems and delaying a number of international flights. The US military detained 2 more suspected insurgents in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq's leadership in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. A US soldier was killed in Diyala province.
    (AP, 10/16/08)(SFC, 10/15/08, p.A9)
2008        Oct 16, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man in Kufr Malek, a village near Ramallah. An army patrol spotted three men carrying firebombs and troops shot one man after the trio ignored warning shots. The other two escaped. A Palestinian man died in a Ramallah hospital a day after being shot by troops in the nearby Jelazoun refugee camp.
    (AP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Italian police arrested Antonio Pelle (46), an alleged fugitive mobster, believed to be the head of an organized crime clan involved in the slaying of six people in Germany last year. His family was involved in a feud that led to the Aug. 15, 2007 killing of six Italians outside a restaurant in Duisburg, Germany.
    (AP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, In Kenya violence re-started between the Murule and Garre in Mandera town triggered by need for space for 920 families displaced by flash floods. A security operation was then set up to intervene following a request by the area members of parliament when the conflict took a cross-border dimension with one clan getting support from Al-Shabaab militants from Somalia. In 2009 Human Rights Watch issued a 51-page report, called "Bring the Gun or You'll Die," saying Kenyan security forces tortured hundreds of civilians and raped at least a dozen women during a three-day operation to disarm militias in the Mandera region.
    (www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/MYAI-7LQ47Q?OpenDocument)(AP, 6/29/09)
2008        Oct 16, Authorities in Malaysia and Singapore said they will guarantee all foreign currency and local currency bank deposits.
    (WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A5)
2008        Oct 16, An influential council of Malaysia's state rulers warned people not to question the supremacy of Islam or the special privileges enjoyed by the country's ethnic Malay majority.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, In Mexico six people were lined up and gunned down outside a business in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, Pirates in southern Nigeria seized eight fishing vessels with a total of 96 crew and later threatened to seriously harm them if ransom is not paid.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 16, The Pakistani rupee dropped to more than 82 to the dollar, continuing a slide that has seen it lose more than 30% of its value this year. A suspected US missile strike killed a purported foreign militant in South Waziristan, a tribal area considered a haven for the Taliban and al-Qaida. A suicide bombing in the Swat Valley left four security personnel dead. In Bajur 7 militants were killed by plane and helicopter gunship attacks.
    (AP, 10/16/08)(SFC, 10/17/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 16, In Somalia at least 23 people were killed in Mogadishu when insurgents attacked camps housing African Union and Ethiopian troops, triggering heavy clashes.
    (AFP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Somali pirates released 22 sailors they kidnapped on Sep 10, after the South Korean ship owner paid a ransom. Koo Ja-Woo, an executive director of J and J Trust, which owns the ship, said his company paid an unspecified sum to the pirates through a foreign middleman with experience in dealing with the seizure of ships.
    (AFP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, Spain's leading judge agreed to investigate the disappearances of tens thousands of people during the 1936-39 civil war and the ensuing Franco dictatorship, many of whom are believed to be buried in mass graves. Spanish police arrested 13 men accused of harboring Islamic extremists and helping them flee the country, including several suspects in the Madrid terror bombings of 2004.
    (AFP, 10/16/08)(AP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Sri Lankan troops captured the rebel-held town of Maniyakkulam, in the island's north following heavy fighting that killed a large group of guerrillas.
    (AFP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 16, Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir launched his "people's initiative" for peace in Darfur with an elaborate ceremony attended by regional dignitaries but no rebels involved in fighting.
    (AFP, 10/16/08)
2008        Oct 16, Switzerland launched a massive recapitalization of UBS AG saying it will invest $5.3 billion in UBS in return for a 9% stake.
    (WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 16, Hurricane Omar passed the Virgin Islands overnight leaving oil spills in St. Croix as 40 boats sank or washed ashore.
    (AP, 10/18/08)

2009        Oct 16, President Barack Obama signed the Kerry-Lugar-Berman bill, a 7.5 billion dollar aid package for Pakistan, after the US Congress acted to placate critics in the strife-torn nation who warned it violated Pakistani sovereignty. The aid legislation insisted that the civilian government of Pakistan control the army.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.33)(Econ, 2/11/12, SR p.7)
2009        Oct 16, US federal prosecutors unveiled a broad criminal case against billionaire hedge fund manager Raj Rajaratnam, head of Galleon Partners in Manhattan, and 5 others accused of netting over $20 million by trading based on insider information. Investigators had used wiretaps to gain evidence. The trial of Rajaratnam opened on March 8, 2011, as the case grew to involved 22.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.D1)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.83)
2009        Oct 16, Two US civil and constitutional rights groups called for Keith Bardwell, a justice of the peace in Louisiana, to resign for refusing to issue a marriage license to an interracial couple. Bardwell held that most interracial marriages failed and had told the couple to go seek another justice of the peace.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 16, In Daly City, Ca., a 5-day event to help struggling borrowers drew thousands to the Cow Palace to the Save the Dream tour sponsored by the Neighborhood Assistance Corp. of America, a non-profit aimed at helping people modify their home loans.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 16, Bank of America Corp. said it lost more than $2.2 billion in the third quarter as loan losses kept rising, providing further evidence that consumers are still struggling to pay their bills. The nation's second-largest bank said it wrote down loans on its books by almost $10 billion during the July-September period, up almost $1 billion from the second quarter.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Four Afghans, including at least two civilians, died during a firefight between militants and a joint international-Afghan force in Ghazni province. IED bomb attacks claimed the lives of 3 US soldiers. An air strike killed 20 militants in Urgun district, in southern Paktika province. 5 militants were killed in an Afghan army commando operation in the Gereshk district of Helmand province. In Sangin district, also in Helmand, one Afghan soldier was killed and another injured during a small-arms attack.
    (AP, 10/16/09)    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In Australia 5 Muslim men were convicted of plotting the country’s largest terrorist conspiracy as part of a bid to force the government to change its policy on Middle East conflicts. The men, aged 25-44, were arrested in a series of raids on their homes in 2005. On Feb 15, 2010, the 5 men were sentenced to 23 to 28 years in prison for stockpiling explosive chemicals and firearms for terrorist attacks on unspecified targets.
    (AP, 10/16/09)(AP, 2/15/10)
2009        Oct 16, Bosnia's war crimes court jailed Milorad Trbic (51), a former Serb army captain, for 30 years for killing dozens and taking part in the persecution and detention of thousands during the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre of some 8,000 Muslims. The court acquitted Trbic of genocide charges due to lack of evidence.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Botswana held parliamentary elections. On Oct 18 the independent electoral commission announced that the governing party, which has been in power for more than four decades, once again swept the elections. The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) won 45 out of the 57 seats. This paved the way for legislators to select incumbent President Seretse Ian Khama to continue as leader of the world's largest diamond-producing country.
    (AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 16, Queen Elizabeth II formally opened Britain's new Supreme Court in a ceremony attended by several US Supreme Court justices.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Canada detained the rusting merchant vessel named Ocean Lady, believed to be trying to smuggle 76 migrants from Sri Lanka onto its Pacific coast at Vancouver Island.
    (Reuters, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In China former university professor and judge Guo Quan was sentenced to 10 years in prison for "subversion of state power" by a court in eastern Jiangsu Province.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, The European Commission called for sharp cuts in cod quotas, up to 25% in some areas, saying the prized fish is sliding toward commercial extinction in several historic Atlantic fishing grounds.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, French farmers struggling with slumping grain prices blanketed the Champs-Elysees with bales of hay and set them ablaze, and blocked highways around the country as they demanded government help.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, In Guinea 2 cabinet ministers resigned and France urged its citizens to leave the former French colony as armed attacks increased in the aftermath of a bloody rally last month where soldiers fired on pro-democracy demonstrators.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, In southern India a blaze erupted at a fireworks warehouse in Pallipat near Chennai, killing at least 32 people and injuring 10 others as millions of Hindus prepared to celebrate Deepavali, the festival of lights.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber opened fire on worshippers during prayers at a mosque in Tal Afar and then blew himself up after running out of ammunition, killing at least 15 people. 65 were wounded in the attack. A government aide said Mohammed al-Dayni, a Sunni lawmaker accused of being an insurgent ringleader, has been detained in Malaysia.
    (AP, 10/16/09)(AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, Eight countries called on Tokyo to allow divorced foreign parents access to their children living in Japan and to sign a treaty against international parental child abductions.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Kosovo's authorities said they have demarcated a disputed border with Macedonia, a scene of tensions in the past.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Libya's Oea newspaper said Saif al-Islam, the reform-minded son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, has been named overall coordinator of a grouping of the country's most influential tribal, political and business leaders.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, A Mexican government report said the use of cocaine doubled in Mexico over the last six years, partly because the drug became more available in the country. The Mexican navy enacted new rules prohibiting sailors from shooting at vehicles that try to evade land checkpoints unless they are fired on or feel that their lives or others' are in danger.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, Nigeria’s anti-graft agency EFCC arrested two sacked bank chiefs and a senior stockbroker for alleged fraud running into several millions of dollars. EFCC said the former managing director of Bank PHB, Francis Atuche, Charles Ojo of Finbank and Peter Ololo of Falcon Securities would be prosecuted for alleged fraud and granting loans without collateral.
    (AFP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In northern Nigeria the toll in a cholera outbreak rose to 149 with 52 more deaths recorded. The disease was first reported on September 10 in Gwoza local government on the border with Cameroon from where it spread to six other districts.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, The girlfriend of a Northern Ireland police officer was slightly injured when a bomb exploded under her car in Belfast, sparking fears of a resurgence of violence here.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, In northwestern Pakistan 3 suicide attackers, including a woman, attacked a police station in Peshawar city, killing 13 people, including 3 police officers, 2 women and 2 children. Army airstrikes killed a dozen suspected militants in South Waziristan ahead of an expected ground offensive.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, A Russian court sentenced an army sergeant to nine years in jail for passing on information to Georgia during the time of its war with Russia. Aleksandar Georgijevic, a Serbian national, was jailed for 8 years for attempting to collect information on a number of Russian military projects in 1998.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 15, Somali pirates seized the Kota Wajar, a Singapore-flagged container ship, in the Indian Ocean about 300 miles (480km) north of the Seychelles islands.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, A top southern Sudanese official said former enemies in north and south Sudan have reached agreement on details for a key referendum on the south’s full independence. Clashes broke out in the remote border region between southern Sudan and north-west Kenya. At least three Kenyan soldiers were reported killed in cross border raids. An officer was killed when security forces tracked down raiders in south Darfur, shooting dead two of the attackers in an exchange of fire. Two officers were killed a day earlier as up to four men raided a guesthouse in the south Darfur town of Kass.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)(AFP, 10/17/09)(Reuters, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, The UN Human Rights Council voted to endorse a Gaza war crimes report and send it to the Security Council, possibly setting up international prosecution of Israelis and Palestinians accused of war crimes.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Zimbabwe PM Morgan Tsvangirai suspended cooperation with President Robert Mugabe's "dishonest and unreliable" camp but said he will not quit the unity government. The snub was sparked by the renewed detention of Tsvangirai's top aide Roy Bennett.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)

2010        Oct 16, In Afghanistan a bomb blast struck the police headquarters in the southern city of Kandahar, killing one civilian and wounding 4 others. Two Taliban commanders, identified as Kaka Abdul Khaliq and Kako, were killed in an operation in Kandahar's Zhari district. Taliban fighter, Mullah Rahmatullah, was captured in the raid. Afghan and American troops made an air assault on the horn of Panjwai, a Taliban base. A motorized rickshaw carrying explosives was detonated behind police headquarters in Kandahar killing one bystander. Insurgents attacked an oil tanker on the other side of the city. The resulting explosion killed one civilian.
    (AP, 10/16/10)(AP, 10/17/10)(SSFC, 10/17/10, p.A10)
2010        Oct 16, Armenia's president has opened an aerial tramway that the country claims is the world's longest. The tramway across the Vorotan River gorge in the country's south spans 5.7 km (3.5 miles), longer than the 4.5 km (2.8 mile) Sandia Peak Tramway in New Mexico, known as the world's longest passenger tramway. The $45 million tramway links the highway from the capital of Yerevan with the 9th century Tatev Monastery.
    (AP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, In Belarus visiting Pres. Chavez of Venezuela promised that Belarusian refineries, the backbone of the country's economy, would see no oil shortages for the next 200 years.
    (AP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, Thousands of Chinese marched in the streets in sometimes violent protests against Japan and its claim to disputed islands. Thousands of protesters marched through Tokyo to demonstrate against what they called China's invasion of disputed islands that both countries claim. Beijing expressed "deep concern" at anti-China protests by Japanese nationalists over a diplomatic spat centered on a group of disputed islands.
    (AP, 10/16/10)(Reuters, 10/16/10)(AFP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, In central China rescuers battled dangerous levels of gas, tons of coal dust and the risk of falling rocks as they worked to free 11 miners trapped by an explosion at a mine. 26 miners were confirmed killed at the state-run Pingyu Coal & Electric Co. Ltd mine.
    (AP, 10/16/10)(AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 16, In China Li Qiming (22) reportedly hit two students with his car at a university campus in the northern province of Hebei. Chen Xiaofeng (20) was killed. The drunk man shouted "sue me if you dare" when a crowd stopped him from fleeing. On Oct 26 state media reported that Qiming, the son of a senior police officer, was arrested after the incident sparked outrage on the Internet. The young woman’s father, Chen Guangqian, said on Nov 18 that Li Gang gave him 460,000 yuan, or more than $69,250. On Jan 30 Qiming was sentenced to six years in prison.
    (AFP, 10/26/10)(AP, 11/18/10)(AP, 1/30/11)
2010        Oct 16, In France diesel and jet fuel supplies were running low in parts of the country as workers took to the streets for another nationwide protest against President Nicolas Sarkozy's plan to raise the retirement age to 62.
    (AP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel told a meeting of young members of her conservative Christian Democratic Union that while immigrants are welcome, they must learn the language and accept the country's cultural norms. "This multicultural approach, saying that we simply live side by side and live happily with each other has failed. Utterly failed."
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 16, German Economy Minister Rainer Bruederle said Germany will help Japan gain access to vital rare earth minerals which are being withheld by China in a territorial dispute.
    (AFP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, Iranian local media reported that a judge has ordered the amputation of the hand of a man (21) who confessed to robbing a candy shop. The ruling came days after authorities amputated the hand of another man convicted of theft in the northeastern city of Mashhad.
    (AP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, In Mexico gunmen in the border city of Ciudad Juarez killed a local official and his son. Rito Grado Serrano was regional president of the community of El Porvenir outside Ciudad Juarez but lived with his family in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 16, In Mexico the body of Lane Gilbert (46) of Marin County, Ca., was discovered in a lot behind a police station in Santa Maria Coyotepec, a town southwest of Oaxaca City. He had suffered multiple machete wounds. Gilbert was last seen leaving his home in San Andres Huayapan on Aug 27.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 16, A Nigerian army spokesman said soldiers have arrested this month about 100 suspected kidnappers and armed robbers in the southeastern state of Abia, including a Roman Catholic priest. Nigerian investigators raided a Lagos home of Charles Okah, the brother of former militant group leader Henry Okah, taking him into custody over his alleged role in funding the Oct 1 bombings that struck independence anniversary celebrations in Abuja.
    (AFP, 10/16/10)(AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 16, North Korea said it is willing to resume six-nation nuclear disarmament talks but would not be "hasty" because the US and some other parties were not ready. North Korean media threatened a "1,000-fold" military buildup as the US ruled out lifting sanctions to try to coax the North into resuming talks aimed at its nuclear weapons programs.
    (AP, 10/16/10)(AFP, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 16, Russia’s state-owned RIA news agency reported that flooding in the southern region of Krasnodar has killed 11 people with three missing.
    (Reuters, 10/16/10)

2011        Oct 16, In Washington DC thousands of people spanning all ages and races honored the legacy of the nation's foremost civil rights leader during the formal dedication of the new Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Elouise Cobell (b.1945), treasurer of the Black Feet tribe, died in Montana. She had tenaciously pursued a lawsuit that accused the federal government of cheating American Indians out of more than a century’s worth of royalties.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 16, In Nevada British IndyCar driver Dan Wheldon (33) died after a horrific 15-car crash at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway which left the motor sports world in shock.
    (Reuters, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Houston-based Kinder Morgan agreed to buy El Paso Corp. for $21.1 billion. This will make Kinder the nation’s largest operator of natural gas pipelines.
    (SFC, 10/17/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 16, Afghan police shot dead three suicide bombers attempting to target mayoral offices in Gardez. A car bomb set up for the attack blew up, killing one worker.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Internationally acclaimed Algerian author Boualem Sansal (62) received the annual German Book Trade Peace Prize and said that people everywhere were rising up against dictatorship.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Angolan police arrested at least five people during a protest in support of a rapper critical of the government. Some 100 young people protested the disappearance of 5,000 out of the 20,000 copies of Brigadeiro 10 Pacote's new album which were to be sold at a launch. The album calls on President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, who has been in power since 1979, to step down.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Bolivians voted for 56 judgeships on the top 4 tribunals, including the supreme and constitutional courts. Unofficial partial results indicated that most Bolivians cast invalid ballots in what would be a stinging rebuke for President Evo Morales. Only 40.5% of the judicial votes were valid; 41% were spoiled and 18.5% were blank.
    (AP, 10/17/11)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.31)
2011        Oct 16, The Arab League called an emergency meeting in Cairo to discuss whether to suspend Syria. The Arab League said that it would make contact with the Damascus government and a raft of opposition groups with the aim of launching "national dialogue within the seat of the Arab League and under its guidance within 15 days." Security forces opened fire on a funeral for a slain activist in the east. Security forces arrested at least 44 people in the capital's suburbs in house-to-house raids. The Observatory for Human Rights in Syria said 923 people from Homs have been arrested in the past week.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Several hundred protesters spent the night overnight outside St Paul's Cathedral in London's financial district, as the anti-capitalism demonstration entered its second day.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In France Francois Hollande was elected head of the Socialist Party by a margin of 58% to 43% over Martine Aubry.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.61)
2011        Oct 16, Guinea’s government announced an increase in the price of diesel and petrol from 7,500 to 9,500 francs ($1.37) per liter, double the price from 10 months ago. An overwhelming majority of the Guinean population lives in poverty despite the country's rich mineral wealth from bauxite, iron and gold.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, Hong Kong's iconic 1.8km cross-harbor swimming race made its return after a 33-year suspension forced by pollution and heavy traffic on the famous waterway. The tradition dating back to 1906 was halted in 1978 as water quality deteriorated.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Iraq hundreds rallied in the disputed town of Khanaqin to demand the reversal of a central government ruling barring the flag of the autonomous Kurdish region in official buildings.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Israel released the names of the first 477 Palestinian prisoners to be exchanged for Staff Sgt. Gilad Schalit.
    (SFC, 10/17/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 16, Kenyan military forces moved into southern Somalia, a day after top Kenyan defense officials said the country has the right to defend itself after a rash of militant kidnappings of Europeans inside Kenya.
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Kenya police arrested two British men (18), one of Pakistani origin and the other of Somali origin, in the resort town of Lamu on suspicion of trying to join Somali militants. Police said the men would be deported. Mohamed Mohamed Abdallah, of Somali descent, and Iqbal Shahzad, of Pakistani descent were deported to Britain on Oct 26. British authorities arrested them under terrorism laws and then freed them six hours later.
    (AP, 10/18/11)(AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 16, Libyan fighters were reported looting Moammar Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte, alongside fierce battles to drive out loyalists of the fugitive leader. Two fighters were killed and 70 wounded in fierce fighting.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, Scientists at the Vietnam-based Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Program and the Oxford University Clinical Research units in Kathmandu and Ho Chi Minh City announced they had combined cutting-edge gene sequencing technology with Google Earth to accurately map the spread of typhoid in Kathmandu for the first time.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Nigeria four people died after a blast rocked a police base in the town of Kwami just north of the state capital of Gombe. 3 suspected Boko Haram members entered the Maiduguri home of Borno state Rep. Modu Bintube and shot him in the chest and head with Kalashnikovs.
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In the Philippines Emmanuel Ponce (55), shot his wife, three of his children and their maid with a pistol while having breakfast in Talisay town, Cebu province, and then killed himself. He spared his favorite daughter (14).
    (AP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Yemen 4 demonstrators and two soldiers of the armored division were killed in Sanaa. One protester was killed in Taez when government troops opened fire on demonstrators also calling for Saleh's resignation. 8 more people were killed and 27 wounded in night time street battles in Sanaa between Saleh loyalists and opponents.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/18/11)

2012        Oct 16, President Barack Obama and Mitt Romney held their 2nd debate at New York's Hofstra University. Obama gained ground on Republican rival Mitt Romney for the third straight day, leading 46% to 43%, according to the Reuters/Ipsos daily tracking poll.
    (Reuters, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 16, In Michigan a shooting spree began that targeted moving cars around the suburbs of Detroit. On Nov 5 police arrested a suspect in Wixom after 24 shootings over a 100-mile-long crime scene.
    (SFC, 11/7/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 16, A gunman in a van shot and critically wounded a female Canadian border officer at the main crossing between Washington state and British Columbia, then immediately killed himself.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 16, The US CDC said the number of people linked to the meningitis outbreak has climbed to 233 in 15 states. It has been traced to contaminated steroid shots mixed by a pharmacy in Framingham, Mass.
    (SFC, 10/17/12, p.A6)
2012        Oct 16, The $8 million, 72-foot catamaran of Oracle Team USA flipped on the SF Bay during a training run for the 2013 America’s Cup. It drifted out under the Golden Gate Bridge before being recovered.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A1)
2012        Oct 16, Afghanistan's security service denied claims that a suicide bomber who killed two American troops and four Afghans on Oct 13 was a member of the country's intelligence agency.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, Britain's Home Secretary Theresa May said computer hacker Gary McKinnon (46), accused by the United States of causing more than $700,000 damage to US military systems, will not be extradited because of the high risk he could kill himself. McKinnon, arrested in 2005, has Asperger's Syndrome and has said he was looking for evidence of UFOs. In December British authorities opted not to charge McKinnon.
    (AP, 10/16/12)(AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Oct 16, British writer Hilary Mantel won the Booker literary prize for a 2nd time with her Tudor saga “Bring Up the Bodies," the 2nd of a planned trilogy about Thomas Cromwell. Her first part of the trilogy, “Wolf Hall," won in 2009.
    (SFC, 10/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 16, Nature published a paper in which a team from Geneva Univ. claimed to have found an Earth-sized planet orbiting a star called Alpha Centauri B. The planet was aid to complete its orbit every 3.2 Earth days.
    (Econ, 10/20/12, p.72)
2012        Oct 16, The Cuban government announced that it will no longer require islanders to apply for an exit visa, eliminating a much-loathed bureaucratic procedure that has been a major impediment for many seeking to travel overseas. Effective Jan. 13, and beginning on that date islanders will only have to show their passport and a visa from the country they are traveling to.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, Egypt's most prestigious court lashed out at an Islamist-led panel tasked with writing the country's new constitution, saying proposed provisions undercut its mandate and keep it under the president's power.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, In Iraq a string of insurgent attacks killed eight people. This included three car bombs in Kirkuk that left 3 dead and 23 wounded. Gunmen in a speeding car attacked an army check point in the city of Tuz Khormato outside Kirkuk, killing two soldiers. Gunmen fatally shot two brothers who are members of the anti-al-Qaida group known as Sahwa, after breaking into their house in Samarra. In Baghdad gunmen staged a drive-by shooting against a civilian car in a southern suburb, killing an army officer and wounding three others.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, In Japan two US sailors were arrested for the alleged rape of a Japanese woman on Okinawa.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 16, In Rotterdam, Netherlands, thieves grabbed seven paintings from the Kunsthal gallery of works by celebrated artists including Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet and Henri Matisse and vanished into the night. The paintings were estimated to be worth roughly $100 million if sold at auction.
    (AP, 10/17/12)(AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 16, Russia's PM Dmitry Medvedev declared war on tobacco, calling for a ban on tobacco advertising, an end to smoking in public and a rise in the price of a pack.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, In Serbia England players and officials were attacked by their Serbian opponents and racially abused by home fans moments after a 1-0 win over Serbia in a European Under-21 playoff.
    (Reuters, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, Sudan said that fighting in two states along its disputed border with South Sudan has left over 600 people dead over the past 16 months.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 16, The Syrian military unleashed heavy artillery bombardments and airstrikes targeting rebel strongholds in Idlib and Aleppo provinces, killing at least 90 people. There were 343,871 Syrians formally registered as refugees or being helped by the UN refugee agency. The vast majority of them have found refuge in neighboring Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, In Tunisia 5 masked men stormed into the shrine of Sayyeda Aicha Manoubia, a 13th century holy woman, near the capital Tunis that had previously been threatened by religious conservatives and set it on fire.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, The UN's Food and Agricultural Organization marked World Food Day, a day dedicated to highlighting the importance of global food security. It said one in eight people around the world goes to bed hungry every night.
    (AP, 10/16/12)
2012        Oct 16, In Yemen a gunman on a motorcycle assassinated Gen. Khaled al-Hashim, a senior intelligence officer, in Sanaa in a drive-by shooting. Al-Hashim was one of a number of Iraqi military experts hired by Yemen after the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003. Security officials said a suicide bomber has attacked a checkpoint manned by civilian fighters outside a southern town, killing six.
    (AP, 10/16/12)

2013        Oct 16, The US Congress, with hours to go before the government reached its $16.7 trillion debt limit, approved a deal to end a government shutdown, but only permits the Treasury to borrow through Feb 7 and fund government through Jan 15. The 16-day shutdown of US National Parks cost the parks and surrounding communities an estimated $44 million in lost visitor spending. A 2014 report said five states lost over $20 million in the shutdown.
    (AP, 10/17/13)(SFC, 3/5/14, p.A6)
2013        Oct 16, Newark, NJ, Democratic Mayor Cory Booker (44) won a special election to represent the state in the US Senate.
    (SFC, 10/16/13, p.A7)
2013        Oct 16, A boat with more than dozen people, including Jamaicans and Haitians, capsized off the coast of South Florida. 4 women died and 11 people were taken into custody. On May 15 Bahamian national Naaman Davis pleaded guilty in Miami federal court to charges of smuggling. He was paid to drive the migrant-filled boat and was drinking rum and smoking crack-cocaine the night it capsized.
    (SFC, 10/16/13, p.A7)(AP, 5/16/14)
2013        Oct 16, Washington became the 2nd state to adopt rules for the recreational sale of marijuana. Initiative 522, a measure requiring retail outlets to label genetically modified (GM) food, failed. A $15 minimum wage was approved in SeaTac, a suburb of Seattle.
    (SFC, 10/16/13, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/o7zmnsa)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.35)
2013        Oct 16, Chinese state media reported that an Australian tourist and 3 Tibetans died in an avalanche on Mt. Everest.
    (SFC, 10/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 16, Indian police in the holiday resort state of Goa arrested Gary Baird (45), a British man, after their biggest ever drugs seizure, worth 20.5 million rupees (330,000 dollars, 205,000 pounds). Baird was arrested for illegally possessing more than four kg of amphetamine.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 16, In Japan Typhoon Wipha caused deadly mudslides that buried people and destroyed homes on  Izu Oshima island leaving at least 24 people dead. A woman from Tokyo died after falling into a river and being washed 10 km downriver to Yokohama.
    (AP, 10/16/13)(AP, 10/17/13)(AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 16, Kenya wildlife officials said they will place microchips in the horn of every rhino in the country in a bid to stamp out a surge in poaching the threatened animals.
    (AFP, 10/16/13)
2013        Oct 16, A Lao Airlines flight from Vientiane to Pakse in southern Laos crashed and killed all 49 aboard.
    (AP, 10/16/13)(AP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 16, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 8 people in Dera Ismail Khan, including a provincial government minister.
    (AP, 10/16/13)
2013        Oct 16, An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.1 struck off the coast of Papua New Guinea.
    (Reuters, 10/16/13)
2013        Oct 16, A Russian court suspended a five-year prison sentence for top opposition leader Alexei Navalny, but upheld his conviction for theft that will prevent him from running in future elections.
    (AP, 10/16/13)
2013        Oct 16, In Russia a migrant worker was found stabbed to death in a Moscow neighborhood rocked this week by race riots, in what a community leader suggested was a revenge attack for the killing of an ethnic Russian.
    (Reuters, 10/16/13)
2013        Oct 16, In Syria 21, including 4 children and 6 women, were killed when a minibus hit a mine in the southern town of Noa. Syrian activists said that two days of heavy clashes between Kurdish fighters and al-Qaida-linked rebels in the northeast have killed at least 41 on both sides.
    (Reuters, 10/16/13)(AP, 10/16/13)

2014        Oct 16, In Michigan lawyers said the city of Detroit will demolish the Joe Louis Arena, home of the Red Wings hockey team, and give the land to creditor Financial Guarantee Insurance (FGIC) for development as part of a major settlement in the city’s bankruptcy case.
    (SFC, 10/17/14, p.A6)
2014        Oct 16, Argentina launched its first domestically built communications satellite.
    (AP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, Brazilian police captured Tiago Rocha (26), a man who soon confessed to 39 murders. Police linked a gun found in the home of the suspect to the killings of at least six women this year.
    (AP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, Cameroon’s army killed 107 Boko Haram fighters over the last 24 hours as at least 30 civilians were murdered by the guerrilla group, which fled back over the border to Nigeria.
    (AFP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 16, In eastern CongoDRC assailants hacked or stabbed 26 victims to death in the overnight onslaught in Beni. Civil society groups in the North-Kivu region said the attack was carried out by the Allied Democratic Forces, a Ugandan rebel group.
    (AFP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, In the Dominican Rep. a bus carrying hotel workers crashed into a truck, killing at least 8 people and injuring more than a dozen near the popular tourist zone of Punta Cana.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 16, In Egypt 3 police conscripts were killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 16, EU judges struck down anti-terrorism sanctions against the Tamil Tigers that were imposed by the EU inm 2006 but said that the assets of the Sri Lankan group should remain frozen for the time being.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, Hong Kong police used pepper spray to stop protesters from blocking a major road the office of Leung Chun-ying amid public anger over the police beating and kicking a protester. Chun-ying sought to defuse tension with pro-democracy protesters, saying he hopes the two sides can talk next week.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a series of labor reforms aimed at transforming Asia's third-largest economy into an international manufacturing hub.
    (AP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, In Iraq car bomb attacks and a mortar strike mainly targeting Shi'ite areas of northern Baghdad killed at least 50 people and wounded dozens.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)(SFC, 10/17/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 16, An Italian appeals court said Silvio Berlusconi paid a teenage nightclub dancer for sex but there is no proof he knew her age at the time, explaining its decision to overturn the former prime minister's "bunga bunga" conviction.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, In northern Mali clashes between armed groups and pro-government militias killed at least 6 people near Gao.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 16, Mexican authorities arrested Sidronio Casarrubias, the "maximum leader" of a drug gang accused of colluding with crooked police in the disappearance of 43 college students.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 16, Pakistani jet fighters struck five militant hideouts in the northwestern Khyber tribal region, killing at least 21 insurgents.
    (AP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, A Paraguayan journalist was shot to death in a northern area that is a hotbed for drugs and arms trafficking.
    (AP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, Saudi Arabia’s health ministry said it is seeing "sporadic" cases of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which has killed 324 people in the country since 2012.
    (AFP, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, In Serbia Russian President Vladimir Putin was guest of honour at a military parade in Belgrade to mark 70 years since the city's liberation by the Red Army.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, South African power utility Eskom [ESCJ.UL] said it has plugged its wind farm into the national grid, the first major step in a drive to reduce heavy reliance on coal to power Africa's most advanced economy.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 16, In eastern Ukraine 11 soldiers went missing in action after getting caught in an ambush in Smile, Lugansk region, while another 3 were killed in fighting.
    (AFP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 16, In Yemen suspected al-Qaida militants overran a security base in the al-Adeen area in Ebb province south of Sanaa, killing 3 policemen before fleeing to nearby mountains.
    (AP, 10/16/14)

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