Today in History - October 17

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532        Oct 17, Boniface II, 1st "German" Pope, died.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1244        Oct 17, The Sixth Crusade ended when an Egyptian-Khwarismian force almost annihilated the Frankish army at Gaza.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1346        Oct 17, English forces defeated the Scots under David II during the Battle of Neville's Cross, Scotland.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1483        Oct 17, The Reverend Dr. Tomas de Torquemada (1420-1498), the Grand Inquisitor of Castile, had his jurisdiction extended to Aragon.
    (www.newadvent.org/cathen/14783a.htm)

1492        Oct 17, Columbus sighted the isle of San Salvador (Watling Island, Bahamas).
    (http://tinyurl.com/774v3)

1529        Oct 17, Henry VIII of England stripped Thomas Wolsey of his office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1577        Oct 17, Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (Judith), was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1586        Oct 17, Philip Sidney (b.1554), English poet and diplomat, died in battle at 32. His work included “Astrophel and Stella" and “Defense of Poesy." In 2002 Alan Stewart authored “Philip Sidney: A Double Life."
    (MC, 10/17/01)(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.M4)

1587        Oct 17, Francesco de' Medici (46) died 11 days after he fell ill and a few hours before his wife. In 2007 forensic experts reported evidence that they had died of arsenic poisoning. Francesco had ruled from 1574. By all accounts his wife had been his mistress while he was married to his first wife, who is also believed to have died of poisoning.
    (AP, 1/3/07)

1651        Oct 17, Future King Charles II fled from England. [see Oct 15]
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1691        Oct 17, Maine and Plymouth were incorporated in Massachusetts.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1707        Oct 17, German composer Johann S. Bach married his niece Maria Bach.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1725        Oct 17, John Wilkes (d.1797), English journalist, was born. He became a MP, Lord Mayor of London and called for independence of Britain's American colonies.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wilkes)

1739        Oct 17, King George II granted Thomas Coram, retired sea captain, a royal charter to establish "a hospital for the reception, maintenance and education of exposed and deserted young children."
    (ON, 9/02, p.8)

1777        Oct 17, General John Burgoyne with British forces of 5,000 men surrendered to General Horatio Gates, commander of the American forces at Schuylerville, NY. In the fall of 1777, the British commander Gen'l. Burgoyne and his men were advancing along the Hudson River. After Burgoyne had retreated to the heights of Saratoga, the Americans stopped and surrounded them. The surrender was a turning point in the American Revolution, demonstrating American determination to gain independence. After the surrender, France sided with the Americans, and other countries began to get involved and align themselves against Britain.
    (AP, 10/17/97)(HN, 10/17/98)(HNPD, 10/17/99)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.C10)

1805        Oct 17, Vice Adm. Horatio Nelson wrote a letter to the governor, Rear Admiral John Knight just four days before the historic Battle of Trafalgar, in which Nelson was killed. In it Nelson declared he was "anxious for an Easterly wind," as that would encourage the enemy to leave port and finally face the British.
    (Reuters, 7/13/10)

1806        Oct 17, Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758), Emp. Jacques I of Haiti, was assassinated.
    (www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/168.html)

1807        Oct 17, Britain declared it would continue to reclaim British-born sailors from American ships and ports regardless of whether they held US citizenship.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

1808        Oct 17, The political rights of Jews was suspended in Duchy of Warsaw.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1813        Oct 17, Georg Buchner, German playwright (Danton's Death, Woyzeck), was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1814        Oct 17, Two giant porter vats at the Horse Shoe Brewery on London’s Tottenham Court Road burst when the securing hoops failed. The 25-foot-high vats were owned by Sir Henry Meux and. Several lives were lost along with an estimated 8,000-9,000 barrels of porter.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meux%27s_Brewery)(http://tinyurl.com/2v43jm)

1815        Oct 17, Napoleon (d.1821) arrived in St. Helena.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1821        Oct 17, Alexander Gardner, American photographer, was born. He documented the Civil War and the West.
    (HN, 10/17/00)
1821        Oct 17, The Gambia became administered as a crown colony from Sierra Leone. Since then Banjul (Bathurst) has been its capital.
    (http://www.vdiest.nl/gambia.htm)

1825        Oct 17, Franz Liszt's operetta Don Sanche premiered in Paris
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1829        Oct 17, Delaware River and Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opened. The Chesapeake-Delaware Canal was 14 miles long.
    (NG, Sept., 1939, p.379)(MC, 10/17/01)
1829        Oct 17, Sam Patch (~23), stunt diver, successfully dove 120 feet from a platform on Goat Island at Niagara Falls.
    (MC, 11/13/01)(ON, 4/02, p.6)

1831        Oct 17, Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G premiered.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1837        Oct 17, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian composer, died at 58.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1849        Oct 17, Composer and pianist Frederic Chopin died in Paris of tuberculosis at the age of 39. The 1945 film “A Song to Remember" was about Chopin."
    (HN, 10/17/00)(SFC, 11/25/02, p.A15)

1855        Oct 17, The Bessemer steel making process was patented.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1859        Oct 17, Childe Hassam (d.1935), American impressionist painter, etcher and illustrator, was born. His work included "St. Patrick's Day."
    (WUD, 1994, p.649)(HN, 10/17/00)

1860        Oct 17, The British Open was 1st held at the Prestwick Golf Club in Scotland. The prize was a red leather belt with a silver buckle. The belt was retired in 1872 and replaced with a silver claret jug.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Open_Championship)(WSJ, 7/21/00, p.W9)

1862        Oct 17, Battle of Leetown and Thoroughfare Gap, Va.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1863        Oct 17, General Ulysses S. Grant was named overall Union Commander of the West. [see Oct 16]
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1864        Oct 17, Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks), was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1871        Oct 17, President Grant suspended writ of habeas corpus in South Carolina in response to violence by the KKK. It applied to all arrests made by US marshals and federal troops in nine of the state’s western counties. By the end of November some 600 arrests were made.
    (AH, 6/03, p.31)

1876        Oct 17, Henry Morton Stanley's expedition (to find the source of the Congo River) reached the Lualaba River.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1877        Oct 17, Brigadier General Alfred Terry met with Sitting Bull in Canada to discuss the Indians' return to the United States.
    (HN, 10/17/99)

1883        Oct 17, A.S. Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill), was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1894        Oct 17, Ohio national guard killed 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1895        Oct 17, Doris Humphrey, modern dance choreographer, was born.
    (HN, 10/17/00)

1898        Oct 17, Shinichi Suzuki (d.1998), music teacher, was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1903        Oct 17, Nathanael West, novelist and screenwriter, was born. His work included “Miss Lonely Hearts" and “The Day of the Locust."
    (HN, 10/17/00)

1904        Oct 17, Amadeo Peter Giannini (d.1949) founded the Bank of Italy, the predecessor to the Bank of America, on the Montgomery block in SF.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)(SSFC, 10/24/04, Par p.5)

1907        Oct 17, Guglielmo Marconi began offering limited commercial wireless telegraph service between Nova Scotia and Ireland.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

1910        Oct 17, Julia Ward Howe (b.1819), author of the Battle Hymn of Republic (1893), died at 91.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1912        Oct 17, John Paul I, [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978), was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)
1912        Oct 17, Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declared war on Turkey. [see Oct 18]
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1913        Oct 17, Zeppelin LII exploded over London, killing 28.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1914        Oct 17, John Mosely, recording expert and entrepreneur, was born.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1915        Oct 17, Arthur Miller, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, was born. His work included "Death of a Salesman" and "A View from the Bridge." In 2003 Martin Gottfried authored "Arthur Miller: His Life and Work."
    (HN, 10/17/00)(SSFC, 9/28/03, p.M2)

1917        Oct 17, The 1st British bombing of Germany took place.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1918        Oct 17, Rita Hayworth, American actress, was born.
    (HN, 10/17/98)
1918        Oct 17, Anton Dilger (B.1884), an American saboteur educated as a surgeon in Germany, died of Spanish flu in Spain. [see 1916] In 2007 Robert Koenig authored “The Fourth Horseman: One Man’s Mission to Wage the Great War in America."
    (SSFC, 1/14/07, p.M2)
1918        Oct 17, Yugoslavia proclaimed itself a republic.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1919        Oct 17, The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was chartered.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

1920        Oct 17, Montgomery Clift, actor (From Here to Eternity), was born in Omaha, Neb.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1930        Oct 17, Jimmy Breslin, columnist and novelist (NY Post, News, Newsday), was born in Queens, NYC.
    (HN, 10/17/00)

1931        Oct 17, Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was released in 1939.
    (AP, 10/17/97)

1933        Oct 17, Hugh Bancroft, president of Dow Jones & Co., died.
    (www.nndb.com/people/348/000159868/)
1933        Oct 17, Due to rising anti-Semitism and anti-intellectualism in Hitler's Germany, Albert Einstein immigrated to the United States. He made his new home in Princeton, N.J.
    (AP, 10/17/97)(HN, 10/17/98)

1934        Oct 17, "The Aldrich Family" premiered on radio.
    (MC, 10/17/01)
1934        Oct 17, "Handsome" Harry Pierpont, bank robber, was executed in the electric chair in Columbus, Ohio, for the murder of Sheriff Jesse Sarber.
    (Internet)

1938        Oct 17, Evel Knievel (d. Nov 30, 2007) was born as Robert Craig "Evel" Knievel, Jr. He became a US daredevil motorcycle stunt man, showman, entertainer, Member Motorcycle Hall of Fame and Guinness World Record Holder.
    (HN, 10/17/98) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evil_Kneivel)

1939        Oct 17, Frank Capra's comedy-drama "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington" premiered in the nation's capital.
    (AP, 10/17/99)

1940        Oct 17, California Gov. Culbert Olson commuted the prison sentence of Warren K. Billings, who spent 23 years in prison for his alleged role in the July 22, 1916, Preparedness Day bombing in San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 1/4/15, DB p.42)

1941        Oct 17, The U.S. destroyer Kearney was damaged by a German U-boat torpedo off Iceland; 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
1941        Oct 17, Gen’l. Hideki Toho (1885-1948) became Premier and Minister of War in Japan. When the bellicose war minister and most powerful man in Japan, Army General Hideki Tojo, became prime minister, there no longer was a chance of avoiding war with Britain and the United States.
    (WUD, 1944, p.1683)(HN, 2/21/98)

1942        Oct 17, In Switzerland Eduard von Steiger, Justice Minister and minister of police, told leaders of the Swiss Fatherland Assoc. that the government had decided on a “fundamental slowing" of Jewish immigration.
    (SFC, 6/10/98, p.a10)

1943        Oct 17, British Liberators sank U-540 and U-631.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1944        Oct 17 Hans Krasa, Czech-Jewish composer, died at Auschwitz. The opera Brundibar by Krasa was 1st performed at a Prague orphanage. It had been intended for a 1938 government competition. It was later performed at the Terezin concentration camp.
    (WSJ, 2/7/03, p.D8)

1945        Oct 17, Col. Juan Peron, the future president of Argentina, was released from prison after protests by trade unionists, ending a crisis that began with his forced resignation from his government posts and his arrest.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

1949        Oct 17, Liu Wencai (b.1887), Chinese landlord from Sichuan province, died. He was depicted as the archetype of the exploiter of peasant farmers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liu_Wencai)(Econ, 6/25/11, SR p.11)

1951        Oct 17, The Egyptian army fired on British troops.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1956        Oct 17, The all-star movie "Around the World in 80 Days," produced by Michael Todd, had its world premiere in New York.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
1956        Oct 17, The nuclear power station Calder Hall was opened in Britain. Calder Hall was the first nuclear station to feed an appreciable amount of power into a civilian network. In 2007 engineers began the planned decommissioning of the plant.
    (HN, 10/17/98)(AP, 9/29/07)

1957        Oct 17, The movie "Jailhouse Rock," starring Elvis Presley, had its world premiere in Memphis, Tenn.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
1957        Oct 17, French author Albert Camus won the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (AP, 10/17/97)
1957        Oct 17, Britain's Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visited the White House.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1958        Oct 17, The special "An Evening with Fred Astaire," the first major TV program produced on color videotape, aired on NBC.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

1960        Oct 17, A grand jury found that the popular television game show Twenty-One had provided contestants with questions and answers before the live programs were broadcast.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1961        Oct 17, NY Museum of Modern Art hung Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd.
    (MC, 10/17/01)
1961        Oct 17, Paris police beat and killed dozens of Algerian demonstrators and threw some bodies into the Seine. The police were commanded by Maurice Papon. Papon said some 30 bodies had been recovered from the Seine but that they had been killed in fighting between rival Algerian nationalist groups. In 1999 France agreed to open its archives on the issue. Police killed 210 Algerians who were protesting against police oppression and the curfew imposed against their community in Paris. On Oct 17, 2011, Algeria's post office issued a new stamp to commemorate the massacre.
    (WSJ, 5/5/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A15)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.99)(AFP, 10/17/11)

1962        Oct 17, The SF Giants lost to the NY Yankees 1-0 in the 7th game of the
World Series at Candlestick Park.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, DB p.46)

1964        Oct 17, In San Francisco some 350,000 people came out for the Columbus Day Parade and to see Pres. Lyndon Johnson.
    (SSFC, 10/12/14, DB p.42)

1965        Oct 17, The musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever," with a score by Burton Lane and book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

1966        Oct 17, Wieland Wagner, German opera director and grandson of Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1967        Oct 17, "Hair," subtitled The American Tribal Love/Rock Musical, premiered off Broadway at the Public Theater. It moved to the Biltmore Theater on Broadway on April 29, 1968, where it stayed for 1,873 performances.
    (http://www.new-age-guide.com/new_age/hair_(musical).htm)
1967        Oct 17, American forces of the black Lion battalion walked into an ambush set by NV commander Vo Minh Triet and 61 were killed. In 2003 David Maraniss authored "They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace, Vietnam and America," which centered on this battle and a protest in Wisconsin on Oct 18.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.82)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.M3)
1967        Oct 17, Aisin-Gioro Henry Puyi (61), the last emperor of China, died of cancer. Official reports said his death occurred while under persecution from ultra-leftists of the Cultural Revolution.
    (SFC, 6/11/97, p.C16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Puyi)

1972        Oct 17, Bob Randall's play "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6_Rms_Riv_Vu)
1972        Oct 17, Peace talks between Pathet Lao and Royal Lao government began in Vietnam.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1975        Oct 17, A UN committee passed a resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism." The resolution was reversed in 1991.
    (www.heritage.org/Research/InternationalOrganizations/bg851.cfm)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.62)

1977        Oct 17, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner that was on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers.
    (AP, 10/17/97)

1978        Oct 17, President Carter signed a bill restoring U.S. citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
    (AP, 10/17/98)

1979        Oct 17, Mother Teresa of India, head of the Missionaries of Charity, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her years of work on behalf of the destitute in Calcutta.
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)
1979        Oct 17, Pres. Carter signed legislation creating Dept. of Education.
    (www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/jec/chron.phtml)
1979        Oct 17, S.J. Perelman (b.1904), American humorist and screenwriter (Around the World in 80 Days), died at age 75.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._J._Perelman)

1980        Oct 17, Mt. St. Helens erupted 3 times in 24 hours, in Washington. The eruptions had begun May 18.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1981        Oct 17 - 1981, Oct 18, In San Francisco over 145,000 attended two concerts by the Rolling Stones at Candlestick Park.
    (SSFC, 12/22/13, p.A14)

1982        Oct 17, Sam Shepard's "True West" premiered in NYC.
    (www.cherrylanetheatre.org/historyMainstage.htm)

1986        Oct 17, The US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens and offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yet49v)

1987        Oct 17, The 1st indoor World Series game took place at the Minnesota Metrodome.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_World_Series)
1987        Oct 17, First lady Nancy Reagan underwent a modified radical mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.
    (AP, 10/17/97)

1988        Oct 17, Philip Morris Companies Inc. launched an $11.5 billion takeover bid for Kraft Inc.
    (AP, 10/17/98)
1988        Oct 17, Israel's supreme court upheld a ban on Meyer Kahane's Kach Party as racist.
    (www.washington-report.org/backissues/0799/9907081.html)

1989        Oct 17, The 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake [Watsonville] hit the Bay Area minutes before the start of a World Series game at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. 67 people died and 3,000 were injured. It caused $7 billion worth of damage. The Spreckel’s Temple of Music in Golden Gate Park was damaged and later restored. 28,000 structures were damaged and several freeways ruined. 42 people died on the Cypress Freeway. At the train station in SF Dr. Margaret McChesney commandeered a tour bus to take frightened passengers home and navigated the driver safely through barricades of cars and gangs of marauding youths on 3rd St. In 1999 new measuring methods changed the magnitude to 6.9.
    (SFC, 4/15/96, A-6)(SFC, 10/17/96, A15)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)(AR, 9/12/98)(HN, 10/17/98)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A21)

1990        Oct 17, The Cincinnati Reds opened up a two games-to-none World Series lead, beating the Oakland A’s 5-to-4.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1990        Oct 17, In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Secretary of State James Baker said Iraqi President Saddam Hussein “must fail if peace is to succeed."
    (AP, 10/17/00)

1991        Oct 17, The Atlanta Braves won their first National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-to-0 in game seven of their playoff series.
    (AP, 10/17/01)
1991        Oct 17, Tennessee Ernie Ford (b.1919), country singer (16 Tons), died in Reston, Va.
    (AP, 10/17/01)(www.ernieford.com/Bio.htm)

1992        Oct 17, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Toronto Blue Jays in game one of the World Series, 3-to-1.
    (AP, 10/17/97)
1992        Oct 17, Japanese exchange student Yoshi Hattori, 16, was shot and killed by Rodney Peairs in Center, La., after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked on Peairs' door while looking for a Halloween party. Peairs was acquitted of manslaughter, but in a civil trial was ordered to pay more than $650,000 in damages to Hattori's family.
    (AP, 10/17/97)

1993        Oct 17, The Philadelphia Phillies defeated the Toronto Blue Jays, 6-4, evening the World Series at one game each.
    (AP, 10/17/98)
1993        Oct 17, Senate Minority Leader Bob Dole, in a CBS interview, said he would offer legislation restricting President Clinton's authority to send troops to Haiti.
    (AP, 10/17/98)

1994        Oct 17, Negotiators for the Angolan government and rebels agreed to a peace treaty to end their 19-year civil war.
    (AP, 10/17/99)
1994        Oct 17, Leaders of Israel and Jordan initialed a draft peace treaty.
    (AP, 10/17/99)

1995        Oct 17, The Cleveland Indians won the American League pennant by defeating the Seattle Mariners, 4-to-0, in game six of their playoff series.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1995        Oct 17, President Clinton told wealthy contributors at a Houston fund-raiser that “you think I raised your taxes too much. It might surprise you to know that I think I raised them too much, too"— a statement that drew criticism from both Republicans and Democrats.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1995        Oct 17, The gasoline additive MTBE showed up in a second drinking water well in Santa Monica. The city was later forced to shut down half of its water well supply due to MTBE.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)
1995        Oct 17, A bomb exploded aboard a Paris subway car, wounding 29 people.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1995        Oct 17, In Sri Lanka the army started the 1st phase of an effort to take full control of the Jaffna peninsula. Shelling and bombing against civilians often occurred.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1996        Oct 17, The Atlanta Braves won the National League Championship Series, beating the St. Louis Cardinals.
    (AP, 10/17/97)
1996        Oct 17, In Leland, Miss. Aaron White, a black TV repairman received a gunshot wound to the head and was killed. It was claimed that a white police narcotics officer shot Mr. White, while the police claimed that Mr. White shot himself. On Oct 31 angry citizens rioted after marching on the local police dept. when local officials agreed to only speak with the march organizers.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A17)
1996        Oct 17, Berthold Goldschmidt, German-born Jewish composer and conductor, died at 93 in England.
    (www.scena.org/columns/lebrecht/030115-NL-goldschmidt.html)
1996        Oct 17, In France a one-day strike was held by about 1.6 million public employees, a third of the total public service sector. French unemployment stood at 12.5%.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A14)
1996        Oct 17, In Russia Pres. Boris Yeltsin dismissed Alexander Lebed from his post as national security chief, one day after the former general was accused by a rival of building his own rogue army.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A1)(AP, 10/17/97)
1996        Oct 17, In Slovakia some 10,000 people demonstrated against Culture Minister Ivan Hudec for firing National Theater director Dusan Jamrich. Slovak artists claim that the government is increasingly authoritarian.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C6)

1997        cOct 17, The new $180 million New Jersey Performing Arts Center opened in Newark.
    (WSJ, 10/21/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 17, The US Army used a Miracl (medium infra-red advanced chemical laser developed by TRW) laser beam to hit the MISTI-3 satellite in orbit. The laser test was prohibited by Congress in 1985, but the ban expired in 1995. The test failed to be recorded by sensors on the satellite.
    (SFC, 10/21/97, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 17, Tosco Corp. asked the California Air Resources Board to move away from the use of MTBE as a gasoline fuel additive due to possible contamination of ground water.
    (SFC, 10/30/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 17, The remains of revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara (1928-1967) were laid to rest in his adopted Cuba in Santa Clara, 30 years after his execution in Bolivia.
    (SFC, 10/18/97, p.A10)(AP, 10/17/98)

1998        Oct 17, The New York Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the first game of the Baseball World Series 9 to 6.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 17, Jon Postel (55), an influential Internet pioneer, died. Since 1968 he had directed the network’s Internet assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) that allowed computers to be matched with web addresses. Two weeks before he died he submitted the framework for a new organization to succeed the IANA, a non-profit entity (ICANN) with an internationally diverse board of directors.
    (WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A22)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.68)
1998        Oct 17, Chilean officials lodged a formal complaint to Britain over the arrest of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, who arrested in a London medical clinic following a request from Spain for his extradition.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 17, In Malaysia Azizah Ismail, wife of Anwar Ibrahim, joined some ten thousand protestors demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Mohamad.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A20)
1998        Oct 17, In Nigeria a pipeline explosion near the town of Jesse killed some 700 people. Authorities believed that scavenger’s tools sparked the explosion.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.a1)(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)(AP, 10/17/08)

1999        Oct 17, US negotiators proposed to Russia an alteration to the 1972 ABM treaty to allow construction of defensive systems.
    (SFC, 10/18/99, p.A5)
1999        Oct 17, The FBI reported that serious crimes reported to police declined for seventh straight year in 1998 and murder and robbery rates reached 30-year lows.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1999        Oct 17, Former nurse Orville Lynn Majors was convicted of murdering six patients at a western Indiana hospital; the jury deadlocked on a seventh count. Major is serving a 360-year prison sentence.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1999        Oct 17, In Niger the 1st round of the presidential election was held.
    (WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 17, In Pakistan Gen'l. Musharraf announced a unilateral reduction of troops on the India border, the establishment of a military-technocrat ruling council, and an eventual return to civilian rule. He unveiled a 7-point agenda to save the nation.
    (SFC, 10/18/99, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/ruuth)
1999        Oct 17, In Yemen Abu Hassan, "a nom de guerre" for the head of the Islamic Army of Aden and Abyan, was executed.
    (SFC, 10/29/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 17, The New York Yankees followed the Mets into the World Series, beating the Seattle Mariners 9-to-7 and winning the American League championship series four games to two.
    (AP, 10/17/01)
2000        Oct 17, Al Gore and George W. Bush held their 3rd and last TV debate from St. Louis with a town hall format.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 17, The month long Los Angeles transit authority strike ended following negotiations brokered by Jesse Jackson.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 17, In Britain the London to Leeds train derailed at Hatfield and 4 people were killed with 70 injured.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatfield_rail_crash)
2000        Oct 17, In Chechnya it was reported that mines planted by rebels killed 4 Russian soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)
2000        Oct 17, Ending an emergency summit in Egypt, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed to publicly urge an end to a burst of bloody conflict and to consult within two weeks on restarting the ravaged Mideast peace process.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/17/01)
2000        Oct 17, Montenegro Pres. Milo Djukanovic refused to take part in national institutions with Serbia until the Montenegro-Serbia relationship is redefined.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A12)

2001        Oct 17, Peter Carey won his 2nd Booker Prize for his novel “True History of the Kelly Gang," a fictional account of the 19th century Australian outlaw.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.B3)
2001        Oct 17, Pres. Bush departed on a diplomatic mission to China following a stop in Sacramento, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/17/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 17, Federal officials reported that the anthrax strains in New York and Florida appeared to be identical. The House and 6 congressional office buildings were closed for tests after over 30 Senate staff members tested positive for exposure to spores.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 17, Some 100 US land and sea-base planes hit targets that included Kandahar and Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 17, Researchers at Lucent’s Bell Labs reported the development of a tiny new transistor made of a simple cluster of organic molecules.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.D2)(WSJ, 10/18/01, p.B8)
2001        Oct 17, Jay Livingston (86), film and TV composer, died in LA. He worked with lyricist Ray Evans and together won 3 Academy Awards for best song, which included “Que Sera Sera" in 1956.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.D5)
2001        Oct 17, In Afghanistan Taliban forces seized UN food warehouses in Kabul and Kandahar.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 17, Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli tourist minister, was shot dead at the Hyatt Regency in East Jerusalem. The PFLP claimed responsibility and Yasser Arafat promised to hunt down the perpetrators. Hambi Quran, Basel al-Asmar, Ahmed Gholmy and Majdi Rimawi were later convicted for the murder. Ahmed Saadat, head of the radical Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, was imprisoned in Jericho. In 2007 Hamdi Quran was sentenced to 100 years in prison for gunning down the minister as well as bombing and shooting attacks against Israelis. In 2008 Bassel Asmar was sentenced to life imprisonment for murder, attempted murder and belonging to a terror organization.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A16)(AP, 3/7/06)(AP, 2/6/08)
2001        Oct 17, In the Philippines gunmen abducted an Italian priest, Giuseppe Pierantoni (45), in Dimataling, Zamboanga del Sur. He was freed Apr 8, 2002.
    (WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A7)
2001        Oct 17, Russia announced military cuts that would eliminate a navy base in Vietnam and a radar station in Cuba.
    (WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)

2002        Oct 17, Timothy Belden, former Enron executive, pleaded guilty to conspiracy and agreed to cooperate with federal prosecutors. Belden admitted to giving grid operators false information and shipping power from within California out of state and selling it back at higher prices.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 17, Ira Einhorn, the '70s hippie guru who had fled to Europe after being charged with murder, was convicted in Philadelphia of killing his girlfriend, Holly Maddux, and stuffing her corpse in his closet a quarter-century earlier. He was later sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2002        Oct 17, Israeli tanks fired artillery shells and machine guns after coming under attack by anti-tank missiles, killing at least 6 Palestinians and wounding more than 40 in the southern Gaza town of Rafah.
    (AP, 10/17/02)(SFC, 10/18/02, p.A18)
2002        Oct 17, In the Philippines bombings in Zamboanga killed 7 people and injured 152. Militants of Abu Sayyaf were suspected.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A10)

2003        Oct 17, Pres. Bush stopped in Tokyo and thanked PM Junichiro Koizumi for aid to Iraq.
    (WSJ, 10/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 17, The US House and Senate voted to spend some $87 billion earmarked for securing peace and eliminating terrorist threats in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/17/04)
2003        Oct 17, In Chicago government workers trapped in a burning downtown office tower frantically dialed 911 as they tried to make their way through smoke-filled staircases and hallways. 13 were found unconscious amid the smoke, 6 of them dead.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 17, A new family of frogs was reported from the western India. The purple, burrowing frog family, named Nasikabatrachus sahydrensis, appeared to date back some 200 million years.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A10)
2003        Oct 17, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb blew up a pickup truck on a dirt road, killing four people, and two Afghan soldiers were killed in a land mine explosion in the country's south.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 17, Bolivia's Pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (“Goni") resigned in a letter to Congress. VP Carlos Mesa, a moderate political unknown, took over the presidency. As one of Bolivia's top journalists, Mesa wrote a best-selling book, "Entre urnas y fusiles" (Between the Ballot Box and the Rifle), about the many presidents in this country's often tumultuous history. Lozada and Jose Sanchez Berzain, the former defense minister, fled to the US. In 2007 suits were filed in the US against Lozada and Berzain men for their October crackdown on protestors that left 67 people dead.
    (Econ, 10/16/04, p.34)(www.boliviasolidarity.org/takeaction/latestactions/sanfran)
2003        Oct 17, The EU pushed ahead with efforts to build its own defense arm but sought to ease U.S. concerns by insisting the plan would neither duplicate nor undermine NATO.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2003        Oct 17, German lawmakers approved an $18 billion tax cut for next year and reductions in jobless benefits.
    (AP, 10/17/03)
2003        Oct 17, In Iraq the deaths of 4 soldiers brought to 101 the number killed since Pres. Bush declared the end of major combat on May 1.
    (SFC, 10/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 17, Taiwanese officials celebrated the completion of the world's tallest skyscraper after crews installed the pinnacle on the 1,676-foot-tall building.
    (AP, 10/17/03)

2004        Oct 17, Betty Hill (85), who claimed that she and her husband, Barney, had been abducted, examined and released by extraterrestrials in 1961, died in Portsmouth, N.H.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2004        Oct 17, Organizers of a campaign by French non-government organizations said African chicken farmers risk ruin from massive imports of European frozen poultry at less than a third of their prices.
    (AP, 10/17/04)
2004        Oct 17, Belarus voters went to the polls to decide whether to abolish presidential term limits and allow the authoritarian president to run for a third term in 2006. Opposition leaders accused the government of arresting exit-poll takers and turning away election observers.
    (AP, 10/17/04)
2004        Oct 17, Effective as of today Brazil's air force will be allowed to shoot down small planes suspected of carrying drugs under a law meant to stem the flow of cocaine.
    (AP, 10/15/04)
2004        Oct 17, US forces battled insurgents around Fallujah. Militants ambushed and killed nine Iraqi policemen returning from training in Jordan. A suicide driver in Baghdad killed at least 7 people. More than 200 detainees were released from Abu Ghraib prison after a security review deemed them no longer a threat.
    (AP, 10/17/04)(SFC, 10/18/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 17, Jordan's military prosecutor indicted Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, one of the most wanted insurgents in Iraq, and 12 other alleged Muslim militants for an alleged al-Qaida linked plot to attack the U.S. Embassy in Amman and Jordanian government targets.
    (AP, 10/17/04)
2004        Oct 17, The Tawhid and Jihad group, a militant group led by terror mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, declared its allegiance to Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 10/18/04)
2004        Oct 17, Military helicopters doused a 730-foot office tower in Caracas' Parque Central complex, one of Venezuela's tallest buildings, bringing under control a blaze that many feared would cause the tower to collapse.
    (AP, 10/17/04)

2005        Oct 17, The American magazine Conference unveiled the top 40 magazine covers of the last 40 years. The top rating went to Rolling Stone for its 1/22/81 cover of John Lennon and Yoko Ono lying in bed.
    (www.magazine.org/Press_Room/13806.cfm)   
2005        Oct 17, The FBI reported that US murders fell to 16,137 in 2004, 391 fewer than in 2003 and that the overall violent crime rate hit a 3-year low.
    (WSJ, 10/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 17, Serono Laboratories, a Swiss drug-maker, pleaded guilty to US federal conspiracy charges and agreed to pay $740 million for kickbacks to doctors for the AIDS drug Serostim and for manipulating a test for AIDS patients.
    (SFC, 10/18/05, p.E1)
2005        Oct 17, General Motors Corp. and the United Auto Workers reached a tentative agreement that will help the embattled automaker lower its health care costs even as GM reported a whopping $1.6 billion loss for the third quarter.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Commodities brokerage Refco Inc. said it had filed for bankruptcy protection as it struck a deal to sell its core futures brokerage business to a group of private equity investors for $768 million. BAWAG, Austria’s 4th largest bank, gave Refco a top-up loan of 350 million euros just hours before the bankruptcy. In 2007 it was revealed that Wolfgang Flottl, a hedge fund manager, had his investments sour in 1997 causing BAWAG to lose over $1 billion. The losses were hid from auditors for 7 years. Helmut Elsner, former boss of BAWAG (1995-2003), faced charges along with 8 others for the bank’s near collapse.
    (Reuters, 10/17/06)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.72)(WSJ, 1/25/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.73)
2005        Oct 17, Idaho state and federal health officials are trying to get to the bottom of nine reported cases of suspected sporadic CJD in Idaho this year.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, It was reported that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation pledged $15 million for the Computer History Museum in Silicon Valley, the world's largest institution dedicated to preserving Information Age artifacts.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Two days of U.S.-Chinese trade talks ended with no response by China to an ambitious American proposal to reform its financial sector and open its markets wider to foreign products, while also moving faster on currency reforms.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17,     Dr. Marvin Chodorow (b.1913), former professor of physics at Stanford Univ., died. He expanded on the 1937 invention of the klystron tube, an early form of the driver for microwave power, and increased its power from a few hundred watts to millions of watts.
    (www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/2005/pr-chodorow-102605.html)
2005        Oct 17, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed four police officers after mistaking them for militants during an operation in the Maywand district of Kandahar province. Elsewhere militants shot dead a police intelligence officer as he was walking in Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 17, An Azerbaijani opposition leader was arrested in Ukraine and scores of his supporters were detained by police. Tensions rose in Azerbaijan in the run-up to next month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Radovan Karadzic, former Bosnian-Serb leader and war-crimes fugitive, released a 6th collection of poems titled “Under the left Breast of the Century."
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 17, The British government announced that smoking will be banned at all workplaces as well as pubs and restaurants in Northern Ireland from April 2007.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, China’s Shenzhou 6 capsule carrying astronauts Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng landed before dawn by parachute in China's northern grasslands after a five-day mission.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Ba Jin (100), one of China's most revered communist-era writers who attacked the evils of the pre-revolutionary era in novels, short stories and essays, died of cancer in Shanghai. He is best known for his 1931 novel "Family," the story of a disintegrating feudal household. Ba Jin also translated the Russian writers Ivan Turgenev and Pyotr Kropotkin.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, The EU urged Croatia and Greece to expedite tests on dead birds as concerns rose over the westward spread of avian flu.
    (WSJ, 10/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 17, The European Union unblocked $87 million in development aid for Haiti, ending a freeze imposed almost five years ago because of allegedly flawed elections in the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Deutsche Bank AG and private bank Sal. Oppenheim said they would acquire a combined 14% stake in China's Hua Xia Bank in a deal worth 272 million euros ($326.4 million).
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Iraq's former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi and other secular leaders announced a new coalition they said unites moderate Sunnis, Shiites and other political groups to run in December's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, In western Iraq 2 US Marines were killed in fighting near the Jordanian border. Insurgents shot and killed Ayed Abdul Ghani, an adviser to one of Iraq's top Sunni Arab officials, as he drove to work in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 17, US warplanes and helicopters bombed two western villages, killing an estimated 70 militants near a site where five American soldiers died in a weekend roadside blast, the military. Residents said at least 39 of the dead were civilians.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Israel suspended negotiations with the Palestinian Authority on issues such as prisoner releases and slapped tough travel restrictions on the West Bank after Palestinian gunmen killed three Israelis and wounded five a day earlier.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17,     Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi enraged China and South Korea by visiting Tokyo's Yasukuni war shrine.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2005        Oct 17, Libyan Foreign Minister Abdel Rahman Shalgam rejected a call by US President George W. Bush for Tripoli to spare the lives of five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for infecting hundreds of Libyan children with the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Dutch police arrested 45 members of the Hell's Angels motorcycle gang and seized an assortment of weapons during nationwide raids on the group's clubhouses. Prosecutors said those arrested face charges of murder, extortion, intimidation and weapons and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, Russian state security agents arrested a senior tax official as he was handed a $1 million bribe in a plush Moscow hotel. The arrest was announced the next day as corruption watchdog Transparency International published its annual survey showing graft in Russia had worsened to put it on the same level as Sierra Leone, Niger and Albania.
    (AP, 10/18/05)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.53)
2005        Oct 17, Abdi Hassan Awale, who once served as Somalia's interior minister, was arrested on suspicion of war crimes while attending a conference in Sweden. He is suspected of being a militia leader during the Oct 3, 1993, "Black Hawk Down" battle that left 18 Americans dead.
    (AP, 10/17/05)
2005        Oct 17, South Africa's government vowed to press ahead with legislative attempts to take greater control of the nation's diamonds and weaken the grip of diamond-producer De Beers, dismissing arguments that this could disrupt global markets and lead to job losses.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2006        Oct 17, President Bush signed legislation authorizing tough interrogation of terror suspects and smoothing the way for trials before military commissions. The Military Commissions Act virtually abolished the right of any non-American deemed an enemy combatant to challenge his indefinite detention before American courts.
    (AP, 10/17/06)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.30)
2006        Oct 17, The United States said it plans to take in about 10,000 Burundian refugees from Tanzania, many of whom fled their landlocked nation as far back as 1972.
    (Reuters, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, The US FDA approved Januvia, a novel pill for Type 2 diabetes made by Merck. Type 2 diabetes affects about 20 million Americans.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Actor Wesley Snipes was indicted for cheating the US government out of nearly $12 million in false refund claims and not filing for 6 years. On Feb 1, 2008, a federal jury in Florida acquitted Snipes (45) of the most serious charges but convicted him on 3 of 6 lesser charges and said he must pay up to $17 million in back taxes plus penalties and interest.
    (SFC, 10/18/06, p.A2)(SFC, 2/2/08, p.A2)
2006        Oct 17, The Chicago Mercantile Exchange announced plans to acquire the Chicago Board of Trade for about $8 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.86)
2006        Oct 17, It was reported that teams of scientists from the Dubna nuclear research center in Moscow and Livermore Lawrence National Laboratory in California had detected element 118 after bombarding californium with calcium ions in a Russian cyclotron.
    (SFC, 10/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, The 300 millionth US resident was born at 4:46 am according to a US Census Bureau estimate. The 200 million mark was reached in 1967. The 400 million mark was expected around 2043.
    (SFC, 10/18/06, p.B3)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.29)
2006        Oct 17, Megan Meier (b.1992) of Missouri committed suicide following a series of cruel messages on the MySpace online social network. In 2008 Lori drew (49) of Missouri was indicted for perpetrating an online hoax, which led to Meier’s suicide. Drew was convicted on Nov 26 of only three minor offenses for her role in the Internet hoax. The federal jury could not reach a verdict on the main charge against 49-year-old Lori Drew, conspiracy, and rejected three other felony counts of accessing computers without authorization to inflict emotional harm. A final decision on the verdicts was still pending in 2009.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megan_Meier_suicide_controversy)(SFC, 5/16/08, p.A4)(AP, 11/27/08)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.232)
2006        Oct 17, Rapper Fabolous was shot as he stood at a Manhattan parking garage, spurring a sequence of events that left him both hospitalized in stable condition and under arrest.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Miriam Engelberg, cartoonist and writer, died in SF. She had recently authored “Cancer Made Me a Shallower Person."
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.B9)
2006        Oct 17, Christopher Glenn (68), CBS News correspondent, died in Norwalk, Conn.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2006        Oct 17, In southern Afghanistan British troops pulled out of the Musa Qala district in Helmand province. A US-led coalition airstrike killed a suspected midlevel Taliban commander and up to 15 other militants. Suspected Taliban militants destroyed an oil tanker transporting fuel for NATO-led peacekeepers and killed its driver in southern Kandahar province's Spin Boldak district.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Australia's worsening drought was driving farmers to suicide. Scientists and politicians said government funds should be used to help them leave increasingly unviable land.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Bahrain said Lateefa al-Geood, a British-educated civil servant, has become the first-ever female to serve as an elected member of the parliament. 18 women were among 221 candidates vying for seats in the 40-member assembly in the Nov. 25 vote. Al-Geood was the only candidate who registered to run in her region.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Brazil some 200 Indians from the Xikrin tribe, wielding war clubs and bows and arrows, stormed an Amazon mining complex at the company town of Carajas, shutting it down in an apparent demand for more compensation from CVRD, the world's largest iron ore miner. The Indians left after 2 days.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 17, A Chinese court ruled that journalist Yang Xiaoqing was exempt from serving the remainder of his sentence but would not overturn the lower court's conviction. Xiaoqing, convicted of extortion for exposing local corruption, was released on bail last month.
    (AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 17, A UN report recommended that recommended that East Timor’s former interior minister Rogerio Lobato, military chief Taur Matan Ruak, and several others be prosecuted for illegal distribution of weapons and be held accountable for unrest that gripped capital Dili this year. The 79-page report also called for a further investigation into former PM Mari Alkatiri to determine whether he should face criminal charges.
    (Reuters, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Ecuador with 60% of the vote counted, Rafael Correa was all-but tied with Alvaro Noboa, each with about 25%.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, The EU said it felt obliged to back limited sanctions against Iran's nuclear program after Tehran refused to halt uranium enrichment as a condition to start negotiations.
    (Reuters, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In eastern Honduras a military truck plunged off a cliff, killing five soldiers and injuring 12.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, Indonesian television broadcast the photo of Sudjiono Timan, a fugitive convicted of embezzling millions of dollars in state funds as part of a new campaign against corruption. Timan, was sentenced in absentia to 15 years in jail for embezzling $140 million after his bank received emergency funds meant to bail out banks crippled during Indonesia's 1998 financial crisis. This was the first installment of a weekly TV program exposing people convicted of corruption, which remains endemic at all levels of government.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 17, Iceland said it would resume commercial whaling after a nearly two-decade moratorium, defying a worldwide ban on hunting the mammals for their meat.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Iraq attacks left Iraqis dead and 16 more corpses turned up in Baghdad. 8 US soldiers and one Marine were killed by roadside bombs and enemy fire in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, Israeli troops shot and killed 5 Palestinians, including 2 young stone-throwers, in the West Bank town of Qabatiyeh.
    (AP, 10/17/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, The Italian bank Sanpaolo won a five-way race for control of Bank of Alexandria, the first Egyptian bank to be privatized in a selloff worth 1.6 billion dollars.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In Italy a subway train rammed into another train halted at the Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II station in central Rome, killing at least one person and injuring 236.
    (AP, 10/17/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 17, Kenya reported its first case of polio in 22 years at a refugee camp near the Somali border as the United Nations appealed for urgent help to cope with a surge in refugees from Somalia.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, In central Mexico an explosion in an area packed with small fireworks factories Capulhuac, 20 miles west of Mexico City, left four people dead and a man with severe burns. In western Mexico 14 people were killed when a passenger bus crashed into the back of a tractor trailer. A spark touched off an explosion aboard a gasoline tanker ship at Pemex's Pajarito marine terminal in the city of Coatzacoalcos, killing eight people and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, The US State Department said that the last landmines and unexploded ordnance blocking Mozambique's vital Sena Railway line have been removed, thanks largely to some $13 million (€10 million) in US aid. The mine action assistance was launched in 2002. Under the US Humanitarian Mine Action Program approximately 46 million dollars have been given in aid to Mozambique since 1993.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, North Korea said it considered UN sanctions aimed at punishing the country for its nuclear test "a declaration of war," as Japan and South Korea reported the communist nation might be preparing a second explosion.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, Philippine media groups accused the president's husband of trying to muzzle a critical press by filing a string of libel cases against 43 journalists and publishers.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 17, Sri Lankan fighter jets pounded two suspected Tamil Tiger bases and a camp.
    (AP, 10/17/06)
2006        Oct 17, A former Janjaweed fighter in London recounted to the BBC how the Sudanese government has actively supported the militia that is accused of genocide against non-Arab ethnic groups in Darfur.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)

2007        Oct 17,     President Bush attended a ceremony in which the Dalai Lama was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, Congress’ highest civilian honor. China lodged an official protest over the honoring of the Dalai Lama in Washington, while bluntly rejecting US President George W. Bush's advice on how to handle the Tibet issue.
    (AFP, 10/16/07)(WSJ, 10/18/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 17, The US Supreme Court stopped the execution of Virginia death row inmate Christopher Scott Emmet (36). Legal experts said the move signals a nationwide halt to lethal injections until the court decides in 2008 whether the procedure violates constitutional standards.
    (SFC, 10/18/07, p.A15)
2007        Oct 17, Teresa Brewer (b.1931), singer, died at her home in New Rochelle, NY. She had a big hit with “Music, Music, Music" in 1950.
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.A11)
2007        Oct 17, Joey Bishop (b.1918), comedian and the last surviving member of Frank Sinatra’s legendary Rat Pack, died. In 2002 Michael Seth Starr authored the biography “Mouse in the Rat Pack: The Joey Bishop Story."
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.A11)(AP, 10/17/08)
2007        Oct 17, Taliban used heavy machine guns and rocket propelled grenades to ambush a US-led coalition patrol in southern Afghanistan that wounded nine troops. In the east, a roadside bomb on a police vehicle close to the border with Pakistan killed an officer and wounded three others in Khost province.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 17, In Australia a group of children playing in a suburban Sidney park opened a suitcase they found floating in a pond and discovered the body of a youngster inside.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, Hundreds of police agents swooped in on drug gangs in two Rio de Janeiro shantytowns, setting off gunbattles that killed 12 people, including an officer and a boy (4).
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, In Cambodia Alexander Trofimov (41), the Russian chairman of Koh Puos Investment Group Ltd., was charged with debauchery, a Cambodian legal offense covering sexual abuse of children. He was detained in the southern resort town of Sihanoukville and accused of raping at least six girls. In September last year, the Cambodian government gave Trofimov's company permission to develop an island near Sihanoukville into a tourist resort.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Oct 17, In Costa Rica and agreement was reached by which the US government and environmental groups will trim $26 million off Costa Rica's debt rolls in exchange for the country spending the same amount on tropical forest conservation.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     Fiji's coup leader Voreqe Bainimarama pledged to hold elections in early 2009 as Pacific countries welcomed the move and vowed to continue pressing for progress at a regional summit.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     A Greek-flagged cargo ship carrying coal sank in the northern Greek port of Thessaloniki after colliding with Panama-flagged Dubai Guardian. The captain of the Diamond 1 was killed.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, In Indonesia's Papua region rival tribes armed with bows and arrows clashed close to a US-owned gold mine, killing eight people.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, Iran hanged eight men and one woman on murder charges in the notorious Evin Prison in northern Tehran.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 17, A roadside bomb exploded near a police patrol, killing at least seven officers in a Shiite area south of Baghdad. A suicide bomber driving an explosives-laden truck struck a checkpoint manned by Kurdish forces in Diyala province. The attack in a mountainous area near the Iranian border killed 2 Kurdish soldiers and wounding more than 10 others. A bomb exploded near a residential building in the predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Zafaraniyah, killing two civilians and wounding two others. US troops captured 15 suspected militants in operations targeted al-Qaida in Tikrit, Ramadi, Baqouba and Mosul. Those captured were accused of helping smuggle foreign fighters and weapons into Iraq, including five with alleged connections to Syrian-based extremists.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     Israeli troops killed a Hamas gunman in a battle in southern Gaza.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     A man opened fire in a courtroom in northern Italy, seriously wounding his estranged wife and killing her brother before being shot to death by police.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, Investigators began raids on Japanese companies accused of corruption in projects to remove chemical weapons abandoned in China during World War II. The allegations involve the illegal diversion of some of the $199 million the government has disbursed since 2004 to help dispose of 400,000 chemical weapons that retreating Japanese troops left in northeast China at war's end. China has said poisons have leaked from the weapons and killed about 2,000 people since 1945.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2007        Oct 17,     Myanmar's military junta acknowledged that it detained nearly 3,000 people during a crackdown on recent pro-democracy protests, with hundreds still remaining in custody.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, A clash between Hamas security forces and members of a large Gaza clan affiliated with the rival Fatah party left four people dead.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, Interfax reported that Russia has charged a lieutenant colonel in the security service and 8 others for the Oct 7, 2006, slaying of anti-Kremlin journalist Ann Politkovskaya.
    (WSJ, 10/18/07, p.A1)(Reuters, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     Irdris Osman, the head of UN food agency operations in the violence-wracked Somali capital, was taken away by 50 to 60 heavily armed government security officers who had stormed the UN compound in Mogadishu. Osman was freed on Oct 23. Overnight, at least 8 civilians and one policeman died during a battle between Islamic insurgents and policemen.
    (AP, 10/17/07)(AP, 10/23/07)
2007        Oct 17,     In South Africa the leaders of Brazil, India and South Africa vowed to push the interests of poor nations in stalled international trade talks and said any agreement would have to benefit the developing world.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     Sudan's former southern rebels said they would rejoin the national government to work through a stalemate on implementing a 2005 peace deal which ended Africa's longest civil war.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17,     Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, on a visit to Turkey, said that Damascus would back a possible Turkish incursion into northern Iraq to crack down "against terrorist activities" there.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, Turkey’s Parliament gave the government a one-year window in which to launch cross-border offensives against Turkish Kurd rebels who've been conducting raids into Turkey. The vote removed the last legal obstacle to an offensive.
    (AP, 10/18/07)(AP, 10/20/07)   
2007        Oct 17,     Pope Benedict XVI named 23 new cardinals, tapping two Americans, the patriarch of Baghdad, and archbishops from five continents to join the elite ranks of the "princes" of the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

2008        Oct 17, The Bush administration named the beluga whale in Alaska’s Cook Inlet an endangered species, despite opposition from Gov. Palin. Only 375 beluga whales remained there as opposed to some 1,300 in the 1970s. In 2011 a US federal judge upheld the listing.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.A3)(SFC, 11/22/11, p.A6)
2008        Oct 17, US drug czar John Walters said that Mexico's drug cartels are crossing the border to kidnap and kill inside the United States, and promised that an anti-drug aid package to help Mexico to fight the gangs will be ready soon.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, Harvard Univ. announced a gift of $45 million and 31 major works of art from 1936 alumna Emily Rauh Pulitzer for the Harvard Art Museum. It was the largest gift in the history of the museum.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.E3)
2008        Oct 17, In Philadelphia college student Jocelyn Kirsch (23) was sentenced to five years in prison and ordered to pay more than $100,000 in restitution. She and her former boyfriend, Edward Anderton, had stolen the identities of friends and neighbors in 2006 and 2007 to net more than $116,000 in goods and services. Anderton’s sentence was pending.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, Mervyn’s, a Hayward, Ca., based retailer, said it plans to liquidate its remaining 149 locations and shutter the business after the holiday season.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.C1)
2008        Oct 17, Pfizer Inc. said it has reached agreements to end up to 92% of personal injury lawsuits relating to anti-inflammatory drugs Bextra and Celebrex, linked to elevated risks of heart attacks and stroke, at a cost of $894 million.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.A2)
2008        Oct 17, George M Keller (b.1923), former head of Standard Oil of California (1981-1988), died at his home in Palo Alto, Ca. He oversaw the 1984 merger with Gulf Oil to form Chevron Corp.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.B1)
2008        Oct 17, Levi Stubbs (72), Four Tops frontman, died at his home in Detroit. His dynamic and emotive voice drove such Motown classics as "Reach Out (I'll Be There)" and "Baby I Need Your Loving."
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, In Afghanistan a bomb in Paktika province killed two civilians. A two-day battle in Wardak province left 20 militants dead. NATO-led forces assaulted the insurgent stronghold with airstrikes 40 miles west of Kabul.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)(AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 17, Two Indonesian fishing crew picked up in Australian territorial waters with 14 refugees on their boat were charged with people smuggling.
    (Reuters, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, Some 30 leaders of French-speaking nations attended a 3-day summit of French-speaking nations in Quebec City, Canada. The focus was dominated by the world's financial woes.
    (AFP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov opened one of Europe's biggest mosques in the rebuilt capital of the southern Russian region, saying it was proof Russian rule and Islam can go together. The mosque, named "The Heart of Chechnya" and constructed by Turkish builders, can host up to 10,000 worshippers.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, A bomb planted near a Baghdad mosque killed three Shiite worshippers as they were leaving prayers. Iraqi mosques used the Muslim week's holy day to address recent attacks against Christians.
    (AP, 10/17/08)
2008        Oct 17, In Mexico 334 police officers were ousted in ciudad Juarez after they failed psychological, background and other checks as part of a clean-up campaign meant to root out officers who are corrupt or cooperating with drug traffickers. The border city sent police recruiters across the country as it tries to replace nearly half a police force gutted by firings and retirements.
    (AP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 17, In northwest Pakistan troops backed by helicopter gunships and artillery pounded militant positions, killing 60 fighters and wounding many others near the town of Matta in the Swat Valley.
    (AP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 17, In southern Thailand a 25-year-old man was shot dead in a gunfight with security officials after the arrests of five other suspected militants.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 17, Turkish warplanes carried out successful airstrikes inside Iraq on the main bases used by Kurdish rebels. The air strikes on Qandil Mountain killed 25 Kurdish rebels and wounded many more. Earlier in the day, the military said it intercepted Kurdish rebel radio chatter indicating that up to 35 guerrillas had been killed in clashes with troops earlier this week in southeastern Sirnak province.
    (AP, 10/17/08)(AP, 10/24/08)
2008        Oct 17, The UN added Japan, Austria, Turkey, Mexico and Uganda as members to the 10 non-permanent seats of the Security Council, replacing Belgium, Indonesia, Italy, Panama and South Africa.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2009        Oct 17, In Oakland, Ca., 3 people died when their car flipped during a sideshow in the early hours. The Nissan in the crash was said to have been in a hyphy train, like a conga line on wheels with cars weaving and speeding in unison.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.C3)
2009        Oct 17, In Virginia Morgan Harrington (20), a Virginia Tech student, disappeared folowing a Metallica in Charlottesville. A farmer found her remains three months later in a hayfield.
    (SFC, 10/1/14, p.A12)
2009        Oct 17, In Brazil drug traffickers shot down a police helicopter during a gunbattle between rival gangs. The weekend gang fight in Rio de Janeiro left 3 police officers killed, and continued into the week leaving at least 32 people dead.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A8)(AP, 10/21/09)(AP, 10/22/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.42)
2009        Oct 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a dynamite-laden truck destroyed a key bridge on a highway used by the departing US military outside Ramadi. An attack on an Iraqi army convoy just outside of the city of Fallujah killed four Iraqi soldiers and wounded 14. Attackers threw hand grenades at an Iraqi army patrol near Kirkuk, killing two civilians and wounding two others. In Mosul 2 policemen and one civilian were killed in three unrelated incidents.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, The West Africa regional bloc ECOWAS imposed an arms embargo against Guinea, accusing the ruling military junta for "mass human rights violations" during anti-government protests last month.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Honduras ousted President Manuel Zelaya said negotiations over the coup are in "suspense" after the rival factions rebuffed each other's proposals and his foreign minister called the internationally brokered talks a failure.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, Members of the Maldives' Cabinet donned scuba gear and used hand signals at an underwater meeting staged to highlight the threat of global warming to the lowest-lying nation on earth.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, Mexican police in Tijuana found a man's nude, mutilated body hung by the neck from an expressway overpass, the 2nd such grisly discovery in 9 days. Police reported finding the mutilated body of a woman in a reservoir in another part of Tijuana. The woman's hands and head were missing. A shootout between gunmen and police killed one officer and a gunman and wounded two policemen. Tijuana investigators found five assault rifles and vests with federal prosecutors' insignia in three vehicles thought used by the attackers.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, It was reported that an increasing number of children in Africa are being accused of witchcraft by pastors of evangelical Christianity and then tortured or killed, often by family members. Pastors were involved in half of 200 cases of "witch children" reviewed by the AP, and 13 churches were named in the case files. Campaigners against the practice said around 15,000 children have been accused in two of Nigeria's 36 states over the past decade and around 1,000 have been murdered.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, More than 30,000 Pakistani soldiers launched a ground offensive against al-Qaida and the Taliban's main stronghold along the Afghan border, in the country's toughest test yet against a strengthening insurgency. The operation was expected to last around two months. At least 11 suspected insurgents were killed in jet bombings, while a bomb hit a security convoy, killing one soldier and wounding three others. 4 soldiers were killed and 12 wounded in exchanges of fire elsewhere in the region. The plan was to capture and hold an area where an estimated 10,000 insurgents were headquartered and reinforced with about 1,500 foreign fighters, most of them of Central Asian origin.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In the Philippines a propeller-driven plane on a test flight crashed and burst into flames in a suburb of Manila, killing at least four people onboard.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Puerto Rico gunmen opened fire into a bar in Toa Baja shortly before midnight and killed seven people, injuring 20 others. On Oct 27 Wilfredo Semprit Santana, the owner of the bar, was arrested and charged with drug trafficking.
    (AP, 10/18/09)(AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Spain a huge crowd rallied in Madrid against a bill to ease restrictions on abortion, a vivid and emotional show of how the issue remains sensitive two decades after abortion was legalized in this traditionally Roman Catholic country.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In western Sudan 3 peacekeepers were wounded, two of them seriously, when their vehicle came under fire in the Darfur region.
    (AFP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Thailand some 17,000 "Red Shirt" supporters of Thaksin Shinawatra rallied in Bangkok to pressure the Thai government over their petition seeking a royal pardon for the fugitive former prime minister.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2010        Oct 17, The New York Times reported that possibly hundreds of members of Iraq's Awakening Councils, a group affiliated with the US military, have switched their loyalty to Al-Qaeda.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, The Washington Post reported that the United States believes some Chinese firms are helping Iran improve its missile technology and develop nuclear weapons and has asked Beijing to prevent such activity.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, In Arizona a commercial tour bus drifted off a highway near Meadview and rolled over several times killing 2 people and injuring several others.
    (SFC, 10/18/10, p.A5)
2010        Oct 17, In New York Danroy "D.J." Henry (20), a college football player driving away from the scene of a fight, ended up dead hours after the team's homecoming game, struck in a burst of police gunfire that pierced his windshield in the Westchester County hamlet of Thornwood.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 17, Afghanistan issued a statement issued by the president's office saying that private security firms will not only be able to operate inside international compounds, but also travel with diplomats and work as protection for international military installations. A NATO service member was killed by a bomb blast in the south. Afghan and Western officials said that fraud was pervasive in the Sep 18 elections and that 25% or 800,000 to a million votes would be likely thrown out. air strikes killed a Taliban "military leader" and 15 other insurgents in the northern province of Baghlan. A Taliban prisoner, Mullah Muhebullah, was found shot dead while under US guard in an Afghan holding facility. Pfc. David Lawrence (20) was soon placed under custody in a criminal investigation of Muhebullah’s death.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(SFC, 10/18/10, p.A3)(AFP, 10/19/10)(SFC, 12/1/10, p.A6)
2010        Oct 17, In Afghanistan about this time 3 Taliban leaders secretly met with Pres. Karzai in an effort to weaken the Haqqani network, the US-led coalition's most vicious enemy.
    (AP, 10/31/10)
2010        Oct 17, In Brazil three men broke into the home of Wanderley dos Reis, the owner of a small newspaper in Sao Paulo state, and shot and killed him.
    (AP, 10/20/10)
2010        Oct 17, In southeastern Brazil a bus carrying people back from a sports festival for special needs athletes fell from a bridge into a river, killing 11 and injuring nearly 30.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Congo's first lady, Olive Lembe Kabila, led thousands of women marching in the country's volatile east to demand an end to a wave of mass rapes. 3 residents were killed when soldiers looted homes in Congo's South Kivu province.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 17, In Haiti 2 inmates were shot to death trying to escape from the roof of the quake-damaged national penitentiary. A third was trampled to death inside during a prison riot. Police officials familiar with the prison said some inmates had escaped.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, In northern India an argument over sacrificing goats during a Hindu festival triggered a stampede that killed 10 people in a packed temple.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Iran's Pres. Ahmadinejad endorsed the idea of new talks with the international community over his country's nuclear program, while warning that negotiations would fail if the West does not clearly come out against Israel's suspected nuclear arsenal.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Iran freed Reza Taghavi (71), an Iranian-American businessman. The next day he said he had spent some of his more than two years in prison alongside protesters detained in Iran's postelection crackdowns and praised his first taste of freedom as a blessing "no one can imagine." Taghavi, who regularly visits Iran to conduct business and see family, had been jailed for 29 months for passing $200 to someone suspected of links to a rebel group known as Tondar, which seeks to topple the Islamic system and was implicated in the mosque bombing.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, In Iraq two policemen and two gunmen were killed in gunfights between security forces and armed groups attempting to rob Baghdad jewelry stores. 5 gunmen escaped.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(SFC, 10/18/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 17, In Kuwait some 100 people stormed the offices of privately owned Scope TV’s studios and destroyed its equipment after the channel aired shows critical of the ruling Al Sabah family.
    (SFC, 10/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 17, The Mexican Navy said two men were killed in a confrontation with marines in Tamaulipas state. A Sonora state police officer was found dead, apparently from a blow to the head, alongside the road in Benito Juarez municipality. Ciudad Juarez gunmen burst into a home where a family was having a party. 3 women and 2 men died at the scene, and a man and a woman died at the hospital. Assailants attacked a second home in the neighborhood minutes later, killing 2 men.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 17, In Morocco world leaders at the World Policy Conference (WPC) in Marrakech examined frameworks for global governance ahead of a G20 summit in Seoul, with UN chief Ban Ki-Moon stressing no single power could tackle key issues alone.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, A Nigerian government spokesman said a Dubai court found cause to honor an extradition request for former Delta state Gov. James Ibori, a prominent politician in the ruling People's Democratic Party. Authorities have said Ibori faces charges over stealing $292 million in state funds while in office.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, In Pakistan gunmen killed at least 25 people in Karachi over the past 24 hours, raising tensions in Pakistan's largest city as voters cast ballots to replace a provincial lawmaker murdered in August.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Two Palestinians were killed and a third wounded in a pre-dawn Israeli air strike north of Gaza City. The Israeli military said the air force had struck a "squad of terror operatives who were preparing to fire rockets from the northern Gaza Strip into Israel."
    (AFP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Thousands of Thailand's anti-government "Red Shirts" joined a mass rally in the latest large-scale demonstration by the movement in recent weeks.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed Australia's first saint, canonizing Mary MacKillop (1842-1909), a 19th-century nun. The Vatican also declared five other saints in an open-air Mass attended by tens of thousands. Brother Andre (1845-1937), a Canadian, Italian nuns Giulia Salzano and Battista Camilla da Varano, and Spanish nun Candida Maria de Jesus Cipitria y Barriola were also canonized.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, The official Vatican newspaper said that beer-swilling, doughnut-loving Homer Simpson and son Bart are Catholics, and what's more, it says that parents should not be afraid to let their children watch "the adventures of the little guys in yellow." Executive producer Al Jean told Entertainment Weekly the next day he was in "shock and awe" at the latest assertion, adding that the Simpsons attend the "Presbylutheran" First Church of Springfield. "The Simpsons" is the longest-running prime-time TV series in the United States and is now in its 22nd season.
    (Reuters, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 17, Vietnamese officials said more flooding has killed at least 14 people and forced around 78,000 people to be evacuated from their homes in the centre of the country.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 17, Zambian police said managers at a Chinese-run coal mine who shot at workers protesting poor working conditions will be charged with attempted murder. 12 workers at Collum Coal Mine in the southern town of Sinazongwe were injured a day earlier when mainly Chinese managers fired randomly at the protesting workers.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)

2011        Oct 17, Lowe's Cos Inc, a home improvement retailer, said it is closing 20 of its US locations, eliminating nearly 2,000 jobs and slashing store-openings to improve profitability.
    (Reuters, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a car carrying Sayed Ahmad Sadat the chief of National Directorate of Security (NDS) for Faryab province, wounding six intelligence officials and killing a child. Sadat died of his injuries on Oct 26.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 17, Austrian officials said an investigation will be launched into claims by 2 women that they and 18 other girls at the Schloss Wilhelminenberg foster home, run by the city of Vienna, were raped in the 1970s. The sisters, now 47 and 49, alleged the abuse began when they were 6 and 8, and ended in their early teens. 343 former foster children who were wards of the city have turned to Weisser Ring, non-governmental victims' organization, with reports of being abused at the Schloss Wilhelminenberg alone since investigations began last year.
    (AP, 10/17/11)(AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, British security group G4S agreed to buy Denmark-based facilities company ISS for £5.2 billion, creating the world's largest security and facilities firm.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Canadian scientists announced that a contagious and lethal fish virus has been detected for the first time in wild Pacific salmon. The European strain of the virus had only been identified before in farm-raised Atlantic salmon.
    (Reuters, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 17, In the Central African Republic 2 rebel groups, that signed a cease fire on Oct 8, said they had left the central town of Bria. One of them asked for humanitarian aid for civilians.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, Chile said it is giving nearly 57,000 18-year-olds one month to report for potential military duty. The government said it needs to fill gaps in its armed forces because a nationwide student protest movement has reduced the number of volunteers it usually gets. Attending a university does not enable young Chileans to avoid the draft.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, In western China Tenzin Wangmo (20), a Tibetan nun, committed self-immolation in a call for religious freedom and the return of the Dalai Lama. She was the 9th Tibetan to commit self-immolation and the first women to kill herself in this way.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 17, A senior Egyptian Justice Ministry official said that the two sons of ousted President Hosni Mubarak have an estimated $340 million in Swiss bank accounts.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In Greece strikes halted ferries to the local islands and trash continued to pile in Athens for a 16th straight day as unions fought against austerity measures.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 17, In Italy Rev. Roy Bourgeois, a US Catholic priest who supports ordination for women, was detained by police after marching to the Vatican to press the Holy See to lift its ban on women priests.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In Jordan PM Marouf al-Bakhit (64) resigned after a majority of 70 out of 120 parliamentarians called for his ouster. Jordan's King Abdullah II designated Awn al-Khasawneh (61), a well-known international judge, as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, The offices of a Liberian radio station were set ablaze, in the wake of an arson attack on the ruling party headquarters and opposition discontent over poll results.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Libyan fighters raised the new government's flag over the desert oasis of Bani Walid and hailed an exodus of regime families from the only other redoubt of Moamer Kadhafi's forces, his hometown Sirte. For a 2nd straight day NATO announced no hits in its air war.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Pakistani paramilitary forces raided a militant hideout in the rugged Khyber tribal region near the Afghan border, sparking fighting that killed 9 soldiers and 10 insurgents.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, In the Philippines Rev. Fausto Tentorio (59), an Italian Catholic priest who was about to travel to a clergy meeting, was shot dead in his southern parish. He was the third Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions missionary to be killed on southern Mindanao Island.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Somalia's al-Shabab militant group threatened Kenya with suicide attacks, saying Nairobi's skyscrapers would be destroyed and its tourism industry ruined in an ominous warning one day after Kenyan troops poured into Somalia.
    (AP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Swaziland's King Mswati III announced a major cabinet reshuffle in a move his critics say is aimed at punishing those who do not toe the line. Amongst those fired was Justice Minister David Matse who refused to fire an independently minded High Court judge, Thomas Masuku, earlier this month.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 17, Five Syrian soldiers were killed during clashes with gunmen suspected to be army defectors in the flashpoint central province of Homs. 2 civilians were also killed. UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged President Bashar al-Assad to immediately stop the killings of civilians.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)
2011        Oct 17, Uganda police fired tear gas at protesters in Kampala demonstrating against high food prices and corruption.
    (SFC, 10/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 17, In Yemen one protester was killed and seven wounded when Saleh loyalists opened fire on a demonstration in Taez. A family of five were killed when a rocket hit their home in north Sanaa. At least 18 people were killed on Sanaa in fighting between troops loyal to Pres. Saleh and rival forces.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(SFC, 10/18/11, p.A2)

2012        Oct 17, The FBI arrested 21-year-old Quazi Mohammad Rezwanul Ahsan Nafis, a banker’s son from Bangladesh, after he tried to detonate a fake 1,000-pound (454-kilogram) car bomb at the Federal Reserve Bank in NYC. On Feb 7, 2013, Nafis pleaded guilty to terrorism charges. On Aug 9, 2013, Nafis was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/18/12)(SFC, 2/8/13, p.A16)(SFC, 8/10/13, p.A4)
2012        Oct 17, Los Angeles authorities arrested county assessor John Noguez, a top aide and a campaign contributor, as part of a probe into alleged influence peddling and slashing of property taxes for political allies.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.C3)
2012        Oct 17, In the SF Bay Area Barbara Latiolais (58) was strangled to death by Cody Nicosia (18) and Christian Birdsall (16). The teens set fire to the home following her murder and robbery. Both teens were arrested on Oct 25.
    (SFC, 10/27/12, p.C1)
2012        Oct 17, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near the gate of a US-Afghan combat outpost, wounding 10 Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, In Argentina former Gen. Mario Benjamin Menendez (82) was arrested for his role at the La Escaulita torture center in Tucuman province which he helped run in 1975. In 1982 Menendez served as the military governor of the Falkland Islands during Argentina’s brief occupation.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 17, Bahrain detained four people for defaming the island's king with Twitter posts in a case that is likely to test the limits of expression in the violence-wracked Gulf nation. The four will be held for seven days pending trial.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 17, Scotland Yard confirmed in a statement that the Metropolitan Police will no longer permit tattoos on the face, hands or which appear above the collar line.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, Two British parliamentary committees said they planned to quiz tax officials about how Starbucks was able to avoid paying tax on 1.2 billion pounds of sales since 2009.
    (Reuters, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, In Egypt a top parliamentarian suspended the editor-in-chief of a state-owned newspaper for publishing a report deemed an offense to the military.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 17, France's foreign minister Laurent Fabius said Syria's air force is using so-called barrel bombs — makeshift weapons consisting of containers stuffed with TNT — to heavily damage neighborhoods. Fabius met with representatives of about 20 countries to share details about a secret French aid program and encourage others to join it.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit a police patrol in western Baghdad, killing two policemen and wounding two others. Another bomb went off in a grocery market in southern Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding seven. A third bomb exploded in a market in the city's east killing one person and wounding six others.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, In Kenya a terror suspect threw a grenade at officers, wounding four of them in the Mombasa area. Three suspects were killed in the clash.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, Libyan authorities identified Ahmed Abu Khattala, a leader of the Benghazi-based Islamist group Ansar al-Shariah, as commander in the Sep 11 attack that killed US ambassador J. Christopher Stevens. At least six people died and 80 were wounded on the first day of renewed fighting at Bani Walid after negotiations failed to hand over the suspects for the death of a well-known anti-Gadhafi rebel.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A4)(AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 17, Russian investigators opened a criminal probe against leftist leader Sergei Udaltsov and several other activists for allegedly plotting mass riots in a new sign of a widening crackdown on Russia's opposition.
    (AP, 10/17/12)
2012        Oct 17, In Sri Lanka Selvarasa Pathmanathan (57), a key suspect wanted over the assassination of Gandhi in May 1991, was released from detention. He had been arrested in 2009 in Malaysia for procuring weapons for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A4)
2012        Oct 17, Lakhdar Brahimi, the international envoy to the Syrian conflict, called on President Bashar Assad's regime to take the lead in a cease-fire during a major Muslim holiday later this month, calling it a "microscopic" step toward ending a crisis that he said could consume the whole region.
    (AP, 10/17/12)

2013        Oct 17, Florida Congressman Bill Young (82) died after 42 years of service. He had channeled hundreds of million of dollars via earmarks to his district and state.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.29)(AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 17, A global index on modern slavery said some 30 million people are enslaved worldwide, trafficked into brothels, forced into manual labour, victims of debt bondage or even born into servitude. Almost half were in India.
    (Reuters, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, The first ladies of Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast sealed an agreement to fight the growing child trafficking trade between the two west African nations.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, Canadian police arrested at least 40 protesters opposed to shale gas development in New Brunswick after vehicles were set ablaze and a shot was fired.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, In France hundreds of pupils blocked high schools in the Paris region and joined protests after Leonarda Dibrani, a 15-year-old girl, was taken off a school bus on Oct 9 and deported to Kosovo.
    (AP, 10/16/13)(Reuters, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, Indonesian police shot dead Suardi, a suspected militant, and arrested two others, in an ongoing clampdown on terrorism. All three were said to be part of a network led by Abu Uswah, who allegedly taught bomb-making and was shot dead in a raid in January.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 17, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew up his explosives-laden car among houses in the Shabak village of al-Mouafaqiyah near Mosul, killing at least 15 people. Attacks on Shi'ite Muslims killed at least 61 people across the country.
    (AP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, Moroccan police drove back 400 African migrants who tried to rush across the country's border into the Spanish territory of Ceuta.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, Mozambique government forces killed two fighters from rebel group Renamo in clashes on the first anniversary of their leader's return to the bush.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, Pakistani officials said a Pakistani Ranger was killed by "unprovoked firing" by Indian troops along the disputed northwestern India-Pakistan border. An Indian Border Security Force officer said their forces retaliated after being fired on by the Pakistani side. Another Pakistani soldier was killed by militants in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, In Saudi Arabia some 1.4 million Muslim pilgrims from 188 countries started to leave Mecca at the end of what authorities hailed as a successful and incident-free hajj. The hajj now brings in $16.5 billion, about 3% of Saudi GDP.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)(Econ, 10/12/13, p.74)
2013        Oct 17, In South Africa a senior union official at a Lonmin mine in Marikana was shot dead.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 17, In South Sudan  5 people including four children were killed in a market when explosives left over from decades of civil war were accidentally set off on the outskirts of Juba.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, Spanish police said they have arrested 17 people for their role in stealing watches worth 23 million euros ($31 million) in Dec 2012, resolving one of the country's biggest jewelry heists.
    (AP, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, The Syrian government said it has turned over to the United Nations Carl Campeau, a Canadian staffer, who went missing eight months ago in the Golan Heights, accusing rebels of having kidnapped him. Gen. Jameh Jameh, a top military intelligence officer was killed in clashes in Deir al-Zou.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)(AP, 10/18/13)(SFC, 10/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 17, In Tunisia Islamist militants killed two policemen in clashes in the northeastern city of Goubellat.
    (Reuters, 10/17/13)
2013        Oct 17, The UN General Assembly elected five new members to the Security Council. The uncontested seats included Chad, Chile, Lithuania, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/17/13)

2014        Oct 17, Pres. Obama named Ron Klain, a former chief of staff  to VP Biden, as the administration’s point man on Ebola.
    (SFC, 10/18/14, p.A8)
2014        Oct 17, The United States said it has issued entry bans to several Hungarians suspected of corruption, including people connected to the government.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, Indiana police found the body of Afrika Hardy (19) in a Motel 6 in Hammond. Police the next day arrested Darren Vann (43) of Gary.  Vann confessed and told where the bodies of other women would be found. The body of Anith Jones of Merrillville, missing since Oct 8, was found the next day. Five more bodies were found on Oct 19.
    (SFC, 10/20/14, p.A5)(SFC, 10/21/14, p.A6)
2014        Oct 17, Hurricane Gonzalo crushed trees, flattened power lines and damaged Bermuda's main hospital during an hours-long battering, but the tiny, wealthy British territory suffered no deaths.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, China’s Vice President Li Yuanchao called on China and Vietnam to enhance political trust and manage maritime disputes in a meeting with Vietnamese Defense Minister Phung Quang Thanh in Beijing.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, In CongoDRC Ugandan rebels hacked and clubbed to death 10 women, 8 children and 4 men in the town of Eringeti.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, Hong Kong riot police battled with thousands of pro-democracy protesters for control of the city’s streets.
    (SFC, 10/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 17, India’s environment minister said a new air quality index has been launched to help citizens understand complex pollution data and its implications for their health.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, The Iraqi government imposed a curfew in the western city of Ramadi over fears that the Islamic State group might try to advance on the strategically important city. Car bombs exploded in three crowded areas of Baghdad, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 10/17/14)(AFP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, It was reported that Iraqi pilots who have joined Islamic State in Syria are training members of the group to fly in three fighter jets captured from the Syrian military. In eastern Syria a US-led coalition airstrike on a gas distribution facility in Khasham, Deir el-Zour province, a stronghold of the Islamic State group, set off a series of secondary explosions and killed at least 8 people.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)(AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, Meeting in Milan, Italy, Russia and Ukraine made progress towards resolving a row over gas supplies, but European leaders said Moscow had to do much more to prop up a fragile ceasefire and end fighting in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, A Lebanese soldier was killed as a military bus came under fire in the country's north, in the 4th such deadly attack in less than a month.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, Lesotho's king convened parliament for the first time since an alleged coup attempt in August as the southern African country strives to resolve political tensions before elections next year.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, In Libya at least 14 people were killed when fighting erupted between armed youths and Islamist militias in Benghazi.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, Mozambican Renamo opposition leader Afonso Dhlakama said he would challenge elections held this week which he called unfair and marred by fraud.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, A Myanmar court sentenced the ex-religious affairs minister to 13 years in prison for embezzling state funds and sedition. Hsan Sint was removed from office in June following allegations he misused $10,000 to build a pagoda near Naypyitaw.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, Nigeria's official news agency said the government and Boko Haram Islamic extremists have agreed to an immediate cease-fire. Suspected Boko Haram insurgents attacked the village of Abadam late at night, killing at least one person and ransacking homes.
    (AP, 10/17/14)(Reuters, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, Pakistan's army extended its offensive against Islamist militants in mountains along the Afghan border, killing at least 9 insurgents.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, In the Philippines the Abu Sayyaf group released Stefan Okonek and Henrike Dielen on southern Jolo Island after receiving 250 million pesos ($5.6 million) in ransom. The two Germans were kidnapped six months earlier.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, In Russia Lyudmila Bogatenkova (73), a veteran activist who investigated the deaths and disappearances of Russian soldiers in Ukraine, was charged with fraud and ordered to be jailed.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, In South Korea 16 people were killed at a open-air pop concert where the group 4Minute was performing when the cover of a ventilation shaft they were standing on gave way. The man involved in planning the pop concert was found dead on Oct 18 in an apparent suicide.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)(AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, Prosecutors in Istanbul ruled that there were no grounds for legal action against 53 suspects, including the sons of two former government ministers and a prominent Iranian businessman, who were suspected of bribery and corruption in a case that shook the country in December.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 17, The UN health agency officially declared an end to the Ebola outbreak in Senegal as the countrymade it past the 42-day mark, which is twice the maximum incubation period for Ebola, without detecting more such cases.
    (AP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, In Yemen clashes between tribesmen and Shiite rebels advancing into the mainly Sunni southwestern province of Ibb killed 14 rebels and 10 tribesmen. Houthi rebels overran the al-Qaida stronghold of Radda.
    (AFP, 10/17/14)(AFP, 10/18/14)(SFC, 10/18/14, p.A2)

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