Today in History - October 18

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1016        Oct 18, Danes defeated the Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon).
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1171        Oct 18, Henry II (1133-1189) arrived in Ireland from France with an army and declared himself "Lord of Ireland". All of the Normans, along with many Irish princes, took oaths of homage to Henry by November, and he left after six months. He never returned, but in 1177 he named his youngest son, Prince John, as Lord of Ireland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England)

1210        Oct 18, Pope Innocent III excommunicated German emperor Otto IV.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1469        Oct 18, Crown prince Fernando of Aragon (1452-1516) formally married princess Isabella (1451-1504) of Castile.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_I_of_Castile)(Econ, 11/24/12, p.25)

1526        Oct 18, Lucas Vazquez de Ayllp, Spanish colonialist who settled in SC, died.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1534        Oct 18, A new pursuit of French protestants began.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1545        Oct 18, John Taverner, English composer (Western Wynde), died.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1564        Oct 18, John Hawkins began his 2nd trip to America.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1622        Oct 18, French King Louis XIII and the Huguenots signed the treaty of Montpellier.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1648        Oct 18, Boston shoemakers were authorized to form a guild to protect their interests; it's the first American labor organization on record. The guild was authorized by the Massachusetts Bay Colony (Mass. Bay Company).
    (HN, 10/18/98)(AP, 10/18/07)

1676        Oct 18, Nathaniel Bacon, who rallied against Virginian government, was killed at 29.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1685        Oct 18, King Louis the XIV signed the Edict of Fontainebleau, revoking the Edict of Nantes that had established legal toleration of France's Protestant population, the Huguenots. The French Parliament recorded the new edict four days later. The edict signed at Nantes, France, by King Henry IV in 1598, had given the Huguenots religious liberty, civil rights and security. By revoking the Edict of Nantes, Louis XIV abrogated their religious liberties. He declared France entirely Catholic again.
    (HN, 4/13/98)(HN, 10/18/98)(AP, 10/18/07)

1692        Oct 18, Charles Eugene de Croy, a field marshal fighting for Austrian forces, laid the cornerstone for a new great fortress at Petrovaradin (later Serbia), built to guard against the Ottoman Turks.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Eug%C3%A8ne_de_Cro%C3%BF)

1748        Oct 18, The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle brought the war of Austrian Succession, which began in 1840, to an end and upheld the Pragmatic Sanction.
    (HNQ, 7/29/99)(MC, 10/18/01)

1752        Oct 18, The opera "Le Devin du Village" by Jean-Jacques Rousseau premiered. 
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1767        Oct 18, The boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, the Mason-Dixon line, was agreed upon.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1776        Oct 18, In a NY bar decorated with bird tail, a customer ordered a "cocktail."
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1776        Oct 18, At the Battle of Pelham Col. John Glover and the Marblehead regiment collided with British Forces in the Bronx.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1785        Oct 18, Benjamin Franklin was elected president of Pennsylvania. Special balloting unanimously elected Franklin the sixth President of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, replacing John Dickinson.
    (AH, 2/06, p.47)(http://help.com/post/275760-why-is-benjamin-franklin-important)

1812        Oct 18, The Russian army attacked French forces on the outskirts of Moscow. Some 2,500-3,000 French soldiers were killed.
    (ON, 10/2010, p.11)

1813        Oct 18, The Allies defeated Napoleon Bonaparte at Leipzig, France.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1842        Oct 18, US Commodore Thomas ap Catesby Jones sailed into Monterey, the Mexican capital of California, on the mistaken belief that the US and Mexico had gone to war.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.D2)

1855        Oct 18, Franz Liszt's "Prometheus," premiered.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1858        Oct 18, The play "Our American Cousin" by Tom Taylor premiered at Laura Keene's theater in New York.
    (AP, 10/18/08)

1859        Oct 18, Henri Bergson (d.1941), French philosopher (Creative Evolution- Nobel 1927), was born. He is said to have taught that man acts first and thinks later as opposed to Descartes who said man thinks before he acts. He won the 1927 Nobel Prize for Literature. His dualistic philosophy held that man's intellect enables him to appraise the world and his intuition tells him something of the all-pervading life force, or elan vital. He was a spokesman for "process philosophy." "Only those ideas that are least truly ours can be adequately expressed in words."
    (AHD, 1971, p.125)(WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-12)(SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A22)(AP, 10/18/99)(MC, 10/18/01)

1862        Oct 18, Morgan's raiders captured federal garrison at Lexington, Ky.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1862        Oct 18, James Creighton died of ruptured bladder caused from hitting a HR on Oct 14th.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1863        Oct 18, Battle of Charlestown in WV.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1867        Oct 18, The rules for American football were formulated at meeting in New York among delegates from Columbia, Rutgers, Princeton and Yale universities.
    (HN, 10/18/00)
1867        Oct 18, The United States took formal possession of Alaska from Russia.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1871        Oct 18, Charles Babbage (b.1792), English mathematician and inventor of a calculating machine, died. In 2001 Doron Swade authored “The Difference Engine: Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer."
    (www.thocp.net/biographies/babbage_charles.html)(WSJ, 3/7/09, p.W8)

1878        Oct 18, Edison made electricity available for household usage.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1883        Oct 18, The weather station at the top of Ben Nevis, Scotland, the highest mountain in Britain, was declared open.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1889        Oct 18, Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me), was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1892        Oct 18, The first long-distance telephone line between Chicago and New York was formally opened. It could only handle one call at a time.
    (AP, 10/18/07)

1893        Oct 18, Lucy [Blackwell-] Stone, US abolitionist and feminist, died.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1893        Oct 18, Charles F. Gounod, French composer (Faust, Romeo et Juliette), died at 75.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1896        Oct 18, H.L. Davis, novelist and poet, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/00)

1898        Oct 18, Lotte Lenya, actress and singer (Appointment, Semi-Tough), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1898        Oct 18, The American flag was raised in Puerto Rico shortly before Spain formally relinquished control of the island to the US.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1903        Oct 18, Ambrose Thibodeaux, Cajun accordionist, was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1903        Oct 18, In San Francisco Dr. August Greth flew his 80-foot-long American Eagle airship over the city. Its engine stalled and the wind carried it over the bay where it plummeted into the water. He and his assistant were recovered by soldiers from Fort Point.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1904        Oct 18, A.J. Liebling (d.1963), American journalist and author, was born. “People everywhere confuse/ What they read in newspapers with news."
    (AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 10/18/00)
1904        Oct 18, Mahler's 5th symphony premiered in Cologne.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1906        Oct 18, James Brooks, US mural painter (Acquisition of Long Island), was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1910        Oct 18, M. Baudry was the first to fly a dirigible across the English Channel--from La Motte-Breil to Wormwood Scrubbs.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1912        Oct 18, The First Balkan War broke out between the members of the Balkan League-- Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro--and the Ottoman Empire. A small Balkan War broke out and was quelled by the major powers. Albanian nationalism spurred repeated revolts against Turkish dominion and resulted in the First Balkan War in which the Turks were driven out of much of the Balkan Peninsula. Austria-Hungary’s 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina spurred Serbian efforts to form the Balkan alliance with its neighbors.  As a result of the war on Turkey, Serbia doubled its territory with the award of Northern Macedonia. Albanian leaders affirmed Albania as an independent state. [see Oct 8]
    (V.D.-H.K.p.290)(CO, Grolier’s/ Albania)(HN, 10/18/98)(HNQ, 3/27/99)(www, Albania, 1998)

1913        Oct 18, Austrian-Hungary demanded that Serbia and Albania leave.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1918        Oct 18, Czechs seized Prague, renounced Hapsburg's rule and declared independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Masaryk proclaimed the foundation of Czechoslovakia from Pittsburgh, Pa.
    (HN, 10/18/98)(http://tinyurl.com/856hg)
1918        Oct 18, Russian 10th Army drove out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad).
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1919        Oct 18, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, (L) 15th Canadian PM (1968-79, 1980-84), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Trudeau)
1919        Oct 18, Madrid opened a subway system.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1921        Oct 18, Russian Soviets granted Crimean independence.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1922        Oct 18, Little Orphan Annie, comic strip character, was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1924        Oct 18, Notre Dame beat Army 13-7. The NY Herald Tribune dubbed the backfield "The Four Horsemen."
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1926        Oct 18, Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll star, famous for Johnny B. Goode, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/98)
1926        Oct 18, Klaus Kinski, [Nikolas Naksynski], actor (Little Drummer Girl, Nosferatu), was born in Poland.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1926        Oct 18, George C. Scott, actor (Patton, Bible, Taps, Hardcore), was born in Wise, Va.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1926        Oct 18, Ntozake Shange (Paulette Williams), poet, playwright and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/01)
1926        Oct 18, Frankfurter Zeitung published Lenin's (d.1924) political testament.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1931        Oct 18, Legendary inventor Thomas Alva Edison died at the age of 84. Edison was the first to create a machine that projected motion pictures. With his motion picture projector and George Eastman's photographic film, the first picture, called "The Sneeze," was recorded in Edison's mobile studio. The very short silent film paved the way for the motion picture industry. Edison's many inventions also included the incandescent light bulb and the phonograph; he was credited with holding 1,093 patents. His ideas were granted patents every year for 65 years, from 1868 to 1933--unparalleled in American history. In 1998 Paul Israel authored “Edison: A Life of Invention."
    (AP, 10/18/97)(HNPD, 10/18/99)(Sm, 3/06, p.105)

1934        Oct 18, Santiago Ramon y Cajal (b.1852), Spanish neuroscientist and Nobel Laureate (1906), died. “Every man can, if he so desires, become the sculptor of his own brain." His original pioneering investigations of the microscopic structure of the brain have led his being designated by many, as the father of modern neuroscience.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santiago_Ram%C3%B3n_y_Cajal)

1939        Oct 18, Mike Ditka, coach and tight end (Bears, Cowboys, NFL rookie year 1961), was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1939        Oct 18, Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/00)
1939        Oct 18, R. Rodger's & Lorenz Hart's "Too Many Girls," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1939        Oct 18, President Franklin D. Roosevelt banned war submarines from U.S. ports and waters.
    (HN, 10/18/98)
1939        Oct 18, Labor activist Warren K. Billings, convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the 1916 Preparedness Day Bombing in San Francisco was released from Folsom Prison after being pardoned by Democratic Governor Culbert Olson.
    (SSFC, 10/19/14, p.42)

1940        Oct 18, Kaufman's & Harts "George Washington Slept Here," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1940        Oct 18, Britain reopened the Burma Road linking Myanmar with China, three months after closing it.
    (AP, 10/18/06)

1941        Oct 18, Spy Richard Sorge was arrested in Tokyo.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1941        Oct 18, The Germans forces in Mariupol, Ukraine, murdered some 9,000 local Jews.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1942        Oct 18, Hitler orders allied commandos to be killed.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1943        Oct 18, US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Islands.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1944        Oct 18, Katherine Kurtz, UK sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber), was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1944        Oct 18, Lt. General Joseph Stilwell was recalled from China by president Franklin Roosevelt.
    (HN, 10/18/98)
1944        Oct 18, Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia during World War II.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1945        Oct 18, The first German War Crimes Trial began in 1945. The International Military Tribunal met at Nuremberg and lasted through to 1946. Ranking Nazi officials were tried and convicted of war crimes, crimes against peace and crimes against humanity. The proceedings were endorsed by the UN. William D. Denson (d.1998 at 85) was the chief prosecutor for the US.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.40)(MT, Dec. ‘95, p.16)(SFC, 12/14/98, p.C4)
        Telford Taylor in 1992 published “Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials." He helped write the rules for the prosecution of the war criminals and became the trial’s chief prosecutor.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.B2)

1946        Oct 18, Aaron Copland's 3rd Symphony, premiered.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1948        Oct 18, [Heinrich A.H.] Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal, died.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1950        Oct 18, Wendy Wasserstein, playwright, was born. Her work included “The Heidi Chronicles."
    (HN, 10/18/00)
1950        Oct 18, Connie Mack, the “Grand Old Man" of major league baseball, announced he was retiring as manager of the Philadelphia Athletics.
    (AP, 10/18/00)
1950        cOct 18, US forces drove north across the 38th parallel into the Peoples Republic of North Korea.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, zone 1 p.5)
1950        Oct 18, The First Turkish Brigade arrived in Korea to assist the U.N. forces fighting there.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1951        Oct 18, Terry McMillan, novelist, was born. His work included “Waiting to Exhale."
    (HN, 10/18/00)

1952        Oct 18, The California state Supreme Court outlawed the UC special loyalty oath, but upheld the Levering Act, which imposed a loyalty pledge on all state, county and city employees.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.E2)

1954        Oct 18, Hurricane Hazel, the 3rd of 1954, became the most severe to hit US. [see Oct 15]
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1955        Oct 18, Track and Field magazine named Jesse Owens all-time track athlete.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1955        Oct 18, University of California discovered the anti-proton.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1955        Oct 18, Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher, died at 72.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1956        Oct 18, Martina Navratilova, Czechoslovakian-born tennis player, was born.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1961        Oct 18, Wynton Marsalis, jazz and classical trumpeter (Grammy 1983), was born in New Orleans, La.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1961        Oct 18, An emergency crisis was proclaimed in South Vietnam due to a communist attack.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1962        Oct 18, Dr. James D. Watson of the United States and Dr. Francis Crick and Dr. Maurice Wilkins (d.2004) of Britain, were named winners of the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for their work in determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.
    (AP, 10/18/02)(SFC, 3/19/98, p.C4)
1962        Oct 18, JFK met Russian minister of Foreign affairs Andrei Gromyko.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1967        Oct 18, Walt Disney's "Jungle Book" was released.
    (MC, 10/18/01)
1967        Oct 18, A protest in Madison, Wisc., against recruiting by Dow Chemical, the maker of napalm and Agent Orange, turned violent. In 2003 David Maraniss authored "They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace, Vietnam and America." It centered on an Oct 17 battle in Vietnam and the Wisconsin protest.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.82)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.M3)
1967        Oct 18, A Russian unmanned spacecraft made the first landing on the surface of Venus.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1968        Oct 18, The US Olympic Committee suspended two black athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, for giving a black power salute as a protest during a victory ceremony in Mexico City. Bob Beamon soared 29 feet, 2 inches, to set a world record in the long jump. In 1976 Dick Schaap authored “The Perfect Jump."
    (AP, 10/18/98)(WSJ, 8/9/08, p.W8)

1969        Oct 18, The federal government banned artificial sweeteners known as cyclamates because of evidence they caused cancer in laboratory rats.
    (AP, 10/18/97)
1969        Oct 18, The painting "Nativity" by Caravaggio was stolen from the Oratory of San Lorenzo in Palermo, Sicily. Peter Watson, English novelist, later wrote "The Caravaggio Conspiracy," an account of his 1981-1982 attempt to recover the work.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/dec/22/caravaggio-art-mafia-italy)(WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A20)

1972        Oct 18, The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments, sponsored by Senator Ed Muskie of Maine, was passed. It was amended in 1977 and became known as the Clean Water Act. It gave EPA the authority to implement pollution control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry.
    (SFC, 6/2/96, p.T-12)(http://www.osha.gov/dep/oia/whistleblower/acts/fwpca.html)

1973        Oct 18, "Raisin" opened at 46th St. Theater NYC for 847 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raisin_(musical))
1973        Oct 18, Congress authorized a bicentennial quarter, half-dollar and dollar coin.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6q449j)
1973        Oct 18, Walt Kelly (b.1913), US comic strip artist, died. He was notable for his comic strip Pogo featuring characters that inhabited a portion of the Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Kelly)
1973        Oct 18, Leo Strauss (b.1899), German-born political theorist, died. Strauss, who arrived in the US in 1937, contended that Western civilization draws strength from the unresolved contest between reason and revelation. His books included “Liberalism: Ancient and Modern," a collection of essays, “Natural Right and History," “Persecution and the Art of Writing," and “Thoughts on Machiavelli."
    (WSJ, 9/15/07, p.W10)(www.dkosopedia.com/wiki/Leo_Strauss)

1977        Oct 18, The New York Yankees won Game 6 and the World Series as Reggie Jackson hit 3 homeruns for the 8-4 win.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977_World_Series)
1977        Oct 18, In West Germany 3 Baader-Meinhof gang members killed themselves in prison. Gudrun Ensslin (b.1940), a founding leader of the Red Army Faction (RAF), died in prison. Ensslin's life story was later fictionalized in the film “Marianne and Juliane" (1981). This date was later used as a title by artist Gerhard Richter in a 1988 suite of 15 pictures. He created the series of paintings titled "October 18, 1977" regarded by many as a "eulogy or requiem" for the Baader-Meinhof group. In 1985 Stefan Aust authored “The Baader-Meinhof Complex." In 2009 Aust published an updated version titled Baader-Meinhof: the Inside Story of the R.A.F."
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A19)(WSJ, 3/1/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/3/09, p.A15)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gudrun_Ensslin)
1977        Oct 18, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner that was on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers, Palestinians of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. In 1996 Suhaila al-Sayeh was sentenced to 12 years in prison by a German court.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.A17)(AP, 10/17/07)

1978        Oct 18, Jaume Ramon Mercader del Rio Hernandez (b.1914), aka Jacques Mornard, Spanish Communist and murderer of Leon Trotsky, died in Cuba. Declassified archives showed that he was a Soviet agent. In 1940 Mercader fatally wounded Trotsky with an ice axe in his study at his home in Coyoacan, then a village on the southern fringes of Mexico City.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram%C3%B3n_Mercader)

1981        Oct 18, Greeks elected socialist Andreas Papandreou (1919-1996) as prime minister. He served a first term until 1989 and a second term from 1993-1996.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andreas_Papandreou)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.46)
1981        Oct 18, In Poland General Jaruzelski (b.1923) was elected party leader. He led the country to 1989.
    (www.historyguide.org/europe/jaruzelski.html)(SFC, 10/24/96, p.C3)

1982        Oct 18, Former first lady Bess Truman (97) died at her home in Independence, Mo.
    (AP, 10/18/97)
1982        Oct 18, Pierre Mendes-France (b.1907), premier of France (1954-55), died. "Let them drink milk!"
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Mend%C3%A8s-France)

1984        Oct 18, Jon-Erik Hexum (b.1957), actor, died by a gun loaded with blanks. His films included “The Bear" (1984).
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0382149/)
1984        Oct 18, Henri Michaux (b.1899), Belgian poet and painter, died. In 1954 he became a citizen of France, and he lived the rest of his life there along with his family. In 1965 he won the National Prize of Literature, which he refused to accept. His books included “Miserable Miracle" and “The Major Ordeals of the Mind and the Countless Minor Ones."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Michaux)

1985        Oct 18, Benjamin Moloisi (30), South African poet, was hanged for his role in the 1982 murder of a security policeman.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2mubof)

1987        Oct 18, President Reagan summoned congressional leaders to the White House to announce he had decided on what action to take in response to an Iranian missile attack on a US-flagged tanker off Kuwait two days earlier. The next day, US destroyers bombarded an Iranian offshore oil rig.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1988        Oct 18, The TV sitcom “Roseanne" began a 9 year showing.
    (SFC, 5/20/97, p.B3)
1988        Oct 18, Maurice Allais of France won the Nobel Prize in economics for contributions to the theory of markets and the efficient use of resources.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(AP, 10/18/98)(AP, 10/11/09)
1988        Oct 18, The Oakland A's defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 in game three of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/18/98)
1988        Oct 18, South Korean President Roh Tae-woo, in an address to the U.N. General Assembly, called for a summit with North Korea's president to sign a non-aggression pact.
    (AP, 10/18/98)

1989        Oct 18, The space shuttle Atlantis was launched on a five-day mission that included deployment of the Galileo space probe on a course for Jupiter.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A2)(AP, 10/18/99)
1989        Oct 18, In East Germany after 18 years in power, Erich Honecker resigned from his offices as head of state and party leader. He was succeeded by Egon Krenz.
    (AP, 10/18/97)(http://tinyurl.com/akpba)(http://tinyurl.com/84fnq)

1990        Oct 18, "Les Miserables," opened at the Imperial Theatre in NYC.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qb53p)
1990        Oct 18, Iraq offered to sell its oil to anyone—including the United States—for $21 a barrel, the same price level that preceded the invasion of Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/18/00)

1991        Oct 18, Confirmed Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas swore to uphold the Constitution during an oath-taking ceremony at the White House.
    (AP, 10/18/01)
1991        Oct 18, In Croatia 22 civilians died after being forced by Serbian soldiers into a mined clover field in the village of Lovas.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lovas_massacre)

1992        Oct 18, The visiting Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Atlanta Braves in game two of the World Series, 5-to-4, evening the series at one game apiece. The pre-game ceremony was marred by a U.S. Marine Corps color guard that mistakenly presented the Canadian flag upside-down.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1993        Oct 18, In California 2 defendants were acquitted of most of the felony charges in the beating of trucker Reginald Denny and other motorists at the start of the 1992 Los Angeles riots; the jury did convict Damian Williams of simple mayhem, Henry Watson of simple assault.
    (AP, 10/18/98)

1994        Oct 18, US Defense Secretary William Perry, nearing the end of a visit to China, said Beijing had agreed to brief the Pentagon on its overall military strategy and defense spending plans.
    (AP, 10/18/99)

1995        Oct 18, President Clinton, facing political fallout for telling financial contributors that “I raised your taxes too much," said he had no regrets about the tax increase package he’d signed into law in 1993.
    (AP, 10/18/00)

1996        Oct 18, New findings were published in the journal Science that linked mutations in lung cancer to cigarette smoke. An ingredient in the smoke was found to damage the gene p53, vital to the suppression of runaway growth that leads to tumors.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A3)
1996        Oct 18, Researchers at Onyx Pharmaceuticals reported that they had genetically altered a common adenovirus to selectively attack and kill tumor cells.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A1)
1996        Oct 18, Democratic Party fund-raiser John Huang was relieved of his duties following days of attacks by the Republicans over what they called improper and possibly illegal contributions.
    (AP, 10/18/97)
1996        Oct 18, In Cambodia the king granted amnesty to all prison inmates except those convicted of serious crimes and judged to be too dangerous. He also proposed tearing down the country’s dilapidated prisons which house about 2,000 people, many held without trial. Leng Sary was granted amnesty and formed a political party. His followers maintained rule over Pailin under nominal government control.
    (SFC, 10/19/96, A11)
1996        Oct 18, In Columbia the Supreme Court ordered the dismissal of Attorney Gen’l. Orlando Vasquez Velasquez, who had been arrested on charges of accepting drug payments. He was also cited for obstruction of justice and abuse of power.
    (SFC, 10/19/96, A12)

1997        Oct 18, The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians 7-4 in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/18/98)
1997        Oct 18, A $21.5 million memorial to honor the military service of US women was dedicated at entrance to Arlington National Cemetery.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/18/98)
1997        Oct 18, In California a 10-day strike continued at the Foster Farms chicken slaughterhouse in Livingston. The plant was the largest in the world and some 2,000 workers refused to accept a pay hike with doubled health insurance costs.
    (SFC, 10/18/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 18, Roberto C. Goizueta, CEO of Coca-Cola since 1981, died at age 65. Under his direction Coke’s value increased from $5 billion to $150 billion. He was replaced by Douglas Ivester.
    (SFEC, 10/19/97, p.C11)(AP, 10/18/98)(Econ, 5/8/04, p.59)
1997        Oct 18, Broadcast journalist Nancy Dickerson died in New York at age 70.
    (AP, 10/18/98)
1997        Oct 18, From Bangladesh it was reported that a tornado during the week killed 22 people and injured more than 400 at the site of an annual congregation of Biswa Ijtema, the 2nd largest Muslim gathering after the Haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 10/18/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 18, In Israel storms left five people dead. It struck during the 8-day Sukkot festival and many people were out in nature reserves and national parks.
    (SFEC, 10/19/97, p.A26)
1997        Oct 18, From Russia it was reported that the new 500,000-ruble note has a picture of a 15th century monastery depicted at a time when the site was used as the Soviet Union’s first real labor camp.
    (SFC, 10/18/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 18, There was an attempt to assassinate Spain's King Juan Carlos. In 2011 British officers arrested Eneko Gogeaskoetxea Arronategui (44), a suspected Basque separatist, in connection with the attempted assassination.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)

1998        Oct 18, The New York Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the 2nd game of the Baseball World Series 9 to 3.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 18, The new Steve Wynn $1.6 billion, 3,000 room Bellagio Casino opened in Las Vegas. It was built over the site of the old Dunes casino. It was named after the Italian town of Bellagio whose name means place of relaxation.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A1)(SFEM, 11/29/98, p.13)
1998        Oct 18, A weekend storm in Texas killed at least 14 people after 12 inches of rain fell. The death toll increased to 22 and later 28.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A2)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 18, In Colombia the Ocensa pipeline in Antioquia province near the village of Machuca exploded. The attack was attributed to the National Liberation Army and at least 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 18, In Egypt a train jumped its tracks in the town of Kafr el-Dawar and at least 47 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 18, In Macedonia elections were held and the opposition coalition later claimed victory by winning 44 seats of the 120-seat Assembly.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998        Oct 18, In Mexico the Zapatista rebels called for talks with the Cocopa group, a multi-party peace commission set up in 1994.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 18, In Oporto, Portugal, 21 member nations met for the Ibero-American summit. 19 Latin American countries were represented along with Spain and Portugal. A document was prepared urging the industrialized nations to help stave off economic recession.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A23)
1998        Oct 18, Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass at the Vatican marking the 20th anniversary of his election to the papacy.
    (AP, 10/18/99)

1999        Oct 18, The New York Yankees won a record 36th pennant, beating the Boston Red Sox 6-to-1 in Game Five of the American League Championship Series.
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/18/00)
1999        Oct 18, Career prosecutor Robert Ray was sworn in as the Whitewater Prosecutor to replace Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr and wrap up the wide-ranging investigation of President Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton.
    (WSJ, 10/19/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/18/00)
1999        Oct 18, A US presidential panel recommended that Navy gunnery on the Vieques Island of Puerto Rico be reduced and abandoned in 5 years.
    (WSJ, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 18, In Botswana election results showed the ruling Botswana Democratic Party of Pres. Festus Mogae won 30 of 40 seats in the National Assembly.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 18, In Indonesia Gen. Wiranto turned down Pres. Habibie's offer for the vice-presidency.
    (WSJ, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 18, Nelson Mandela visited Israel for the 1st time in an effort to end enmity between the Jewish state and the African National Congress. Israel had supported the apartheid government in South Africa.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 18, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, an explosion in a candy store that sold illegal fireworks killed at least 5 people.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 18, In Sierra Leone US Sec. Albright paid a visit and promised $55 million in US aid and $65 million in debt forgiveness, conditioned on the implementation of an IMF economic program.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A11)

2000        Oct 18, President Clinton honored the 17 sailors killed in a suicide bomb attack against the USS Cole as he attended a ceremony at the Norfolk Naval Station in Virginia.
    (AP, 10/18/01)
2000        Oct 18, Julie London, singer and actress, died in Los Angeles at age 74.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A29)
2000        Oct 18, Broadway musical star Gwen Verdon died in Woodstock, Vt., at age 75.
    (AP, 10/18/01)
2000        Oct 18, In Angola gunmen attacked 2 buses at Andurie and killed dozens of people.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 18, In Bosnia over 1,000 Bosnian Serb high school students rioted in Brcko and demanded an end to the city’s multiethnic status.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C2)
2000        Oct 18, The World Bank endorsed a $3.5 billion oil project in Chad with 80% of the revenues to go to development. 10% was to be invested for future generations. The pipeline was to go from southern Chad to an Atlantic port in Cameroon. By 2008 rather than comply with the bank’s strictures, Chad had repaid its loans in full and spent its oil money as it pleased.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.63)
2000        Oct 18, In China a human rights group reported that 3 members of Falun Gong died after their arrest by police. 57 Falun Gong members have died under police custody during the 15-month crackdown.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)
2000        Oct 18, In Israel undercover agents captured as many as 8 Palestinians believed to have taken part in the lynching death of 2 Israeli soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 18, Hundreds of Italian police raided the Univ. of Messina. 79 faculty and staff were later indicted on organized crime charges.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A4)
2000        Oct 18, In southern Italy the bodies of 6 illegal immigrants, believed to be Kurds, were found dumped on the side of a highway.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)
2000        Oct 18, In the Philippines opposition legislators filed a resolution for the impeachment of Pres. Estrada for taking bribes. Some 15,000 people massed in Manila and called for Estrada’s resignation.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A17)

2001        Oct 18, Pres. Bush arrived in China for the annual Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting in Shanghai. The agenda was economic development and trade liberalization.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 18, CBS News announced that an employee in Dan Rather's office had tested positive for skin anthrax.
    (AP, 10/18/02)
2001        Oct 18, Two new cases of anthrax were reported in New Jersey.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 18, The FBI and Postal Service announced a $1 million reward for information leading to the arrest of anthrax mailings.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 18, Four disciples of Osama bin Laden, convicted in the 1998 bombing of US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, were sentenced to life in prison and ordered to pay $33 million in restitution to victims.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A7)(AP, 10/18/02)
2001        Oct 18, In Afghanistan the city of Kandahar was reported to have collapsed to “pre-Taliban lawlessness." The first US Special Forces were reported to have begun operating on the ground in southern Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 18, Atef Abeiyat, a militia commander in Arafat’s Fatah, was killed with 2 others when their car exploded near Bethlehem. 3 other Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire including an 11-year-old school girl.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A1,18)
2001        Oct 18, Germany issued an int’l. arrest warrant for Zakariya Essabar (24) for links to the bombing of the WTC.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 18, Japan’s House of Representatives approved an anti-terrorism bill that defines a narrow role for its military to support US attacks in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A5)
2001        Oct 18, In Northern Ireland Protestant politicians announced that they were pulling out of the power-sharing agreement with Catholics to protest the failure of the IRA to surrender its weapons.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.D4)
2001        Oct 18, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo lifted a moratorium on executions and said she would use the penalty on kidnappers.
    (WSJ, 10/19/01, p.A1)

2002        Oct 18, Brenda Sierra (15) was abducted on her way to high school in East Los Angeles. Her body was found the next day. On Feb 27, 2015, Rosemary Chavira (27), onetime friend of Sierra, was arrested and charged with murder.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)
2002        Oct 18, The Vatican demanded that America's Roman Catholic bishops revise their hard-line crackdown policy on sexually abusive priests.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2002        Oct 18, Two US Navy planes, F/A-18F Super Hornet jets, collided off the Big Sur coast of California and 4 pilots were killed.
    (SFC, 10/19/02, p.A17)
2002        Oct 18, Space shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth following an 11-day mission to the int'l. space station.
    (SFC, 10/19/02, p.A16)
2002        Oct 18, A Chilean judge indicted six current and retired army officers, including two generals, in the 1993 slaying of a chemist with former dictator Augusto Pinochet's secret service.
    (AP, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 18, According to Greek scientists, the length of a man's index finger can accurately predict the length of his penis. The findings are published in the September issue of the journal Urology.
    (Reuters, 10/18/02)
2002        Oct 18, In Columbia FARC rebels shot and killed Luis Antonio Motta (42), the mayor, and two town councilmen of Campoalegre, after earlier telling them to resign or face execution.
    (AP, 10/20/02)
2002        Oct 18, India assumed direct control over Kashmir after elections failed to produce a viable government.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 18, Ivory Coast began a new cease-fire ending four weeks of fighting between government and rebel forces.   
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 18, Five trucks carrying looted Kuwaiti archives left the Iraqi capital, bound for Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/18/02)
2002        Oct 18, Pakistan matched India's pledge to demobilize along the border.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 18, In the Philippines a bomb ripped through a bus in Quezon City, a Manila suburb, killing 2 people and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 10/18/02)(SFC, 10/19/02, p.A12)
2002        Oct 18, Valentin Tsvetkov (54), the governor of Russia's Far Eastern region of Magadan, was assassinated on a busy central Moscow street in what police said was a contract killing.
    (AP, 10/18/02)

2003        Oct 18, The Florida Marlins won the first game of the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees 3-2.
    (AP, 10/18/04)
2003        Oct 18, Pres. Bush addressed a special joint session of the Philippine Congress in Manila. Some 290 families lost their homes in a shantytown of the Batasan Hills, which faced the building where the address was to be held. Bush promised to help the Philippines defeat terrorism by aiding in the modernization of its under-equipped military. Thousands of university students and other activists marched to protest Bush's visit to Manila already tense over security concerns.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A5)(AP, 10/18/03)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 18, In a new audiotape, a voice purported to be that of Osama bin Laden vowed suicide attacks "inside and outside" the United States and threatened nations that were helping the American occupation of Iraq.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2003        Oct 18, India commandos raided a Srinagar, Kashmir, shopping center where suspected Islamic guerrillas were holed up, killing both men and ending a one-day standoff.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Iran 6 Islamic vigilantes were sentenced to death for killing five people for allegedly having illicit sexual relationships. Judge Abdolreza Parvizi said he ordered the men to be hanged in public for the 2002 deaths of three men and two women in the city of Kerman.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Iraq 2 U.S. soldiers were killed and one was wounded in an ambush north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 18, South Korea pledged to send more troops to Iraq but did not specify how many or whether they would be combat troops.
    (AP, 10/18/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Karachi, Pakistani, attackers riding motorcycles opened fire at a restaurant, killing three people in apparent gang violence.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 18, In southern Gaza Israeli forces looking for smuggling tunnels killed 3 Palestinians, including a senior member of the violent Islamic Hamas group, and wounded 10.
    (AP, 10/18/03)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A11)
2003        Oct 18, Russia launched a Soyuz capsule from Kazakhstan with a 3-man crew for the int'l. space station. Aboard were an American, a Russian and a Spaniard.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 18, Manuel Vazquez Montalban (64), one of Spain's best-known authors and the creator of the Barcelona-based detective Pepe Carvalho, died.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        cOct 18, In western Sudan 9 commercial hauling workers were killed during clashes between warring tribes. Recent fighting in Darfur had created more than 600,000 refugees.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 18, In Swaziland voters chose a new parliament in one of the world's last absolute monarchies, while pro-democracy groups denounced the vote as a sham. Political parties were banned and King Mswati III ruled by royal decree.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2004        Oct 18, President Bush and Democratic rival John Kerry traded biting accusations over the war in Iraq, with Bush saying his Democratic challenger stood for "protest and defeatism" while Kerry accused the president of "arrogant boasting."
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2004        Oct 18, The US FDA approved the 1st partially implantable artificial heart intended to keep patients alive while they wait for a heart transplant.
    (WSJ, 10/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 18, An Anglican church commission urged the U.S. Episcopal Church not to elect any more gay bishops and called on conservative African bishops to stop meddling in the affairs of other dioceses.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2004        Oct 18, The Dover, Pa., school district voted 6-3 to mandate the teaching of “intelligent design" in public schools along with the theory of evolution. A number of parents soon filed suit. In 2007 Edward Humes authored “Monkey Girl: Evolution, Education, Religion, and the Battle for America’s Soul."
    (SFC, 11/30/04, p.A1)(SFC, 12/15/04, p.A4)(WSJ, 2/8/07, p.D7)
2004        Oct 18, In southeastern Afghanistan 5 people were killed when an explosive device hit a vehicle being used by election staff. Hamid Karzai’s chief rival Yunus Qanooni accused organizers of "robbing the people's vote."
    (AP, 10/18/04)
2004        Oct 18, In Belarus Elections Chairwoman Lidiya Ermoshina announced that the preliminary tally of all the ballots showed that more than 77 percent of registered voters approved dropping the two-term limit and that nationwide turnout was nearly 90 percent. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said that the elections "fell significantly short" of democratic norms. Thousands of people took to the streets to protest the results.
    (AP, 10/18/04)(SFC, 10/19/04, p.A6)
2004        Oct 18, In Bolivia thousands of peasants and workers demonstrated in La Paz, demanding that former President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada be tried for the deaths of more than 50 people in the suppression of protests that toppled his government one year ago.
    (AP, 10/18/04)
2004        Oct 18, In India Koose Muniswamy Veerappan (52), the country’s most-wanted bandit, was shot to death in Tamil Nadu state.
    (SFC, 10/19/04, p.A3)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.88)
2004        Oct 18, Iraqi PM Allawi said that an exchange of weapons for cash will be extended across the country. A militant group in Iraq said it had executed two Macedonian men accused of spying for the US. Macedonia has 32 soldiers stationed in Taji, north of Baghdad. Saboteurs attacked a key oil pipeline in northern Iraq, setting it on fire.
    (AP, 10/18/04)(AP, 10/19/04)(SFC, 10/19/04, p.A3)

2005        Oct 18, US inflation at the wholesale level last month soared by the largest amount in more than 15 years, reflecting the surge in energy prices that occurred following the Gulf Coast hurricanes.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, The DJIA fell 62.84 points to 10285.26 following the sale of a 24.5 million block of Exxon shares.
    (WSJ, 10/19/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 18, A US District Court in SF sentenced Victor Conte (55), founder of Burlingame’s BALCO lab, to 4 months in federal prison and 4 months of house arrest for conspiracy to distribute undetectable steroids to top athletes.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 18, Scientists announced that tracks of a previously unknown swimming dinosaur have been found along the shores of an ancient sea in Wyoming.
    (www.livescience.com/animalworld/051017_swimming_dino.html)
2005        Oct 18, Tropical Storm Wilma strengthened into a hurricane as it continued on a path toward Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, then south Florida.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2005        Oct 18, Bill King (78), Bay Area sportscaster, died in San Leandro, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 18, A former regional governor who oversaw the destruction of two massive 1,500-year-old Buddha statues during the Taliban's reign was elected to the Afghan parliament last month, officials said as results from two provinces were finalized.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Transparency International ranked Bangladesh and Chad as the most corrupt on an annual list of corruption levels in 159 nations. At the other end of the scale, Iceland was ranked least corrupt. Turkmenistan, Myanmar, Haiti, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, the Ivory Coast and Angola joined Chad and Bangladesh as the most corrupt countries.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Brazil's government pledged $14 million for relief efforts in the Amazon River basin, an area ravaged by the worst drought in decades.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, An environmental watchdog alleged that Chinese logging companies in Myanmar have illegally exported huge amounts of timber in collusion with the military government and ethnic guerrillas, destroying ecologically unique forest areas.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz prodded China to give more power to the people for the sake of sustaining strong economic growth.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, In northeastern India machete-wielding attackers ambushed a bus and tribal militants set fire to two villages of a rival group, killing 37 people.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Suspected Islamic militants killed the education minister of Indian-controlled Kashmir during a brazen raid days after top insurgents ordered a suspension of attacks in the aftermath of South Asia's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, A roadside bomb hit a US Army patrol south of Baghdad, killing one soldier and wounding two others. A US soldier died from a non-hostile gunshot wound at a forward operating base near Mosul.
    (AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 18, A British soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq.
    (AFP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 18, In Rome, Italy, a teenager (15) who appeared on the roof of his family home with a pistol following the shooting deaths of his parents was taken into custody after an officer coaxed him down by telling him the couple was only wounded.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, It was reported that a leading pro-opposition news website in Kazakhstan has been closed by court order and others have experienced technical problems in the run-up to a presidential election in the Central Asian state.
    (Reuters, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Gen’l. Musharraf announced that Pakistan was ready to allow Kashmiris to cross the “line of control," dividing Indian and Pakistani controlled areas, to help their families.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.45)
2005        Oct 18, A shadowy Palestinian militant group said it has abducted two alleged collaborators with Israel and threatened to carry out additional kidnappings.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, In Nalchik, Russia, a suspect in last week's attacks here by alleged Islamic extremists was reported killed in a clash with police.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Alexander Yakovlev (81), a key architect of former President Mikhail Gorbachev's political reforms of perestroika and glasnost that shook the last years of the Soviet Union, died.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Thailand's Cabinet announced it was extending a state of emergency in three southern provinces to cope with an escalating Muslim insurgency.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, In Tunisia 8 prominent opponents of the government went on a hunger strike ahead of a world summit on information in Tunis. They called for freedom of the press and of association and want Tunisia’s 600-odd political prisoners to be freed.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 18, A new UN study said armed conflicts have declined by 40 percent since the end of the Cold War primarily because the United Nations was finally able to launch peacekeeping and conflict-prevention operations around the world.
    (AP, 10/18/05)

2006        Oct 18, Pres. Bush signed a new National Space Policy the rejects future arms-control agreements that might limit US flexibility in space. Pres. Bush signed a military authorization bill that included a provision to terminate the Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq, headed by Stuart Bowen.
    (SFC, 10/19/06, p.A5)(SFC, 11/3/06, p.A14)
2006        Oct 18, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, visiting Tokyo, said the US was willing to use its full military might to defend Japan in light of North Korea's nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2006        Oct 18, The Dow Jones industrial average passed 12,000 for the first time before pulling back to close at 11,992.68.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2006        Oct 18, Australia’s Tasmania state unveiled an historic five million dollar (3.8 million dollars US) compensation package for Aborigines forcibly taken from their families as children.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, A rocket fired from an airplane hit a house during a clash between suspected Taliban insurgents and NATO and Afghan security forces in a southern village. A resident said 13 civilians were killed. At least one Taliban militant was killed and three police were wounded in four hours of fighting that started in Tajikai late the previous night.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Expectations of a British interest rate increase next month have been cemented by minutes from the Bank of England's latest policy meeting.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Cambodia's royalist party voted to remove Prince Norodom Ranariddh as its leader, saying his long absences from the country left him unable to lead the fractious party.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Dubai Etisalat, a state-controlled phone company, was reported to have soaring profits. The Emirates' chief telecom and Internet provider, began to block Skype and other Internet phone providers during the summer, arguing they had no license to sell phone service. Calls for 2 cents a minute went dead and customers were forced to pay 75 cents per minute to phone Britain and 60 cents to call the United States during peak hours.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, El Salvador’s Pres. Antonio Saca pledged to support Taiwan's bid to join world bodies and called for a free trade agreement between the two countries. El Salvador is one of only 24 countries that affords Taiwan diplomatic recognition over the island's rival China.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Ethiopia a senior judge appointed to investigate 2005 post-election violence said Ethiopian security forces massacred 193 people, triple the official death toll. Six policemen were also killed in the June and November 2005 riots, bringing the overall death toll to 199.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Greece some 5,000 protesting teachers and students blocked traffic in central Athens for more than two hours as unions vowed to extend a monthlong elementary school strike. Heavy storms lashed southeastern Greece, leaving three people dead and forcing authorities to declare a state of emergency on three islands.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki consulted with Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in Najaf in a bid to enlist support for efforts to build political consensus and tackle the Sunni-Shiite killings. A bomb planted on the main highway between the cities of Amarah and Basra killed Ali Qassim al-Tamimi, head of intelligence for the Maysan provincial police force, along with four bodyguards. At least four people were killed and 13 wounded when a pair of roadside bombs went off in quick succession in the same spot in a residential part of the southern Dora district of Baghdad.  Elsewhere in Dora gunmen opened fire on a police station, killing 4 policemen. An American soldier was killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Israeli tanks and infantry took up positions on the Egypt-Gaza border, killing two Palestinian gunmen as the army broadened its search for arms smuggling tunnels.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that Japan will not build a nuclear bomb, declaring discussion on that topic "finished," despite the atomic test by North Korea.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Queen Elizabeth II praised Latvians' love of liberty and hailed the long-standing ties between Britain and the Baltic state, where she began the first-ever visit by a British monarch.
    (AFP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, Mexican police discovered two human heads in a backpack in the Pacific state of Guerrero, the latest decapitation victims in a continuing wave of violence.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Panamanian authorities said that 26 people had died after drinking tainted cough medicine, and five people had been detained on suspicion of selling contaminated material to a factory that produced the medication. Panama set up 34 round-the-clock clinics across the nation to identify the sick and perform blood tests for kidney damage. The contaminated medicines contained a chemical cousin of antifreeze, diethylene glycol, which is used to keep glue and cosmetics moist. Officials believe it turned up in 100,000 bottles of cough syrup, 20,000 of which have not been recovered. In 2007 it was reported that a Chinese factory was the source of a counterfeit chemical that killed dozens of people in Panama after it was used in human medications. Total deaths reached 116 from contaminated medications.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/27/06)(AP, 5/6/07)(AP, 5/10/08)
2006        Oct 18, In Russia Dmitry Fotyanov, a mayoral candidate in Dalnegorsk, about 5,750 miles east of Moscow, was gunned down as he left his campaign headquarters. Dozens of foreign non-governmental organizations in Russia, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, faced suspension after failing to obtain necessary permits required under a tough new law.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels posing as fishermen blew up two boats in a suicide ambush on a Sri Lankan naval base in Galle, killing 2 sailors. The rebels last hit the Galle port area in December 1997, when they detonated a truck bomb that was targeting the navy commander at the time.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AFP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, Local and UN officials said Sudanese Janjaweed militia and Chadian rebels have attacked at least 10 villages in south-east Chad in the past fortnight, killing over 100 people and displacing more than 3,000. In southern Sudan unknown gunmen killed 38 civilians in at least five attacks. At least 50 soldiers from the former rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army drowned in southern Sudan after two steamboats collided on the Nile.
    (Reuters, 10/18/06)(Reuters, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 18, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents attacked an army base, killing one soldier and leaving four others injured.
    (AP, 10/18/06)
2006        Oct 18, In Kiev Steven Spielberg and Victor Pinchuk hosted the premiere of "Spell Your Name," a film by director Sergey Bukovsky on the Holocaust in Ukraine.
    (www.spielbergfilms.com/general/1098)
2006        Oct 18, Pope Benedict XVI received an open letter signed by 38 Muslim personalities from various countries and of different outlooks, which discussed point by point the views on Islam expressed by the Pope in his Sep 12 Regensburg lecture. Vatican officials pointed out that the two faiths have different, but related problems: for the Christian today’s adversary is “reason without faith" or cold secularism. For moderate Muslims it is “faith without reason" or violent fundamentalism.
    (http://popebenedict16.blogspot.com/)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.71)

2007        Oct 18, US lawmakers offered apologies to Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian, who was deported in 2002 by US counterterrorism officials to Syria, where he says he was imprisoned and tortured.
    (Reuters, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18,     Rene Medina (62) of Atherton, owner of the Lucky Chances Casino in Colma, Ca., pleaded guilty to evading $591,000 in income taxes. In 2008 he was sentenced to 15 months in federal prison for evading $973,000 in income taxes.
    (SFC, 10/23/07, p.D2)(SFC, 10/31/08, p.B3)
2007        Oct 18, William Crowe (82), ex-chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, died at Bethesda naval Hospital. In 1994 Pres. Clinton appointed him as ambassador to the United Kingdom, where he served for 3 years.
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.B10)
2007        Oct 18,     The head of the British Broadcasting Corp. announced budget cuts that will lead to a net loss of 1,800 jobs.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18,     London's Science Museum canceled talk by Nobel Prize-winning geneticist James Watson after the co-discoverer of DNA's structure told a newspaper that Africans and Europeans had different levels of intelligence.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18,     Former Congolese warlord Germain Katanga, suspected of war crimes committed in northeast Democratic Republic of Congo in 2003, began his transfer to the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18,     Strikers defying Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy's push to reform France crippled the country's public transport system, forcing commuters to drive, pedal or walk to work, or stay home. Some workers vowed to continue the walkout, France’s biggest strike in 12 years. Sarkozy's office said Pres. Sarkozy and his wife, Cecilia, are divorcing after nearly 11 years of marriage by mutual consent.
    (AP, 10/18/07)(WSJ, 10/19/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 18,     India and Pakistan pledged to maintain a ceasefire after resuming talks as part of their slow-moving peace process but reported no specific progress on issues under discussion.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18, In eastern Indonesia a crowded passenger boat capsized, killing at least 15 people, with several others possibly missing.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18, Sunni and Shiite leaders in southwestern Baghdad signed an agreement intended to halt sectarian violence on the condition that security forces limit their raids and offensive operations. Thousands of Kurds and supporters took to the streets in northern Iraq to protest the Turkish parliament's decision to authorize the government to send troops across the border to root out Kurdish rebels who have been conducting raids into Turkey. Gunmen in Baghdad killed Ahmed al-Mashhadani, an adviser to the leader of the largest Sunni Arab bloc in parliament, Adnan al-Dulaimi.
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.A15)(AP, 10/18/07)(AP, 10/22/07)
2007        Oct 18,     Israeli PM Ehud Olmert flew to Moscow in a surprise visit to discuss Iran's nuclear program with President Vladimir Putin, who just returned from talks with Iranian leaders in Tehran. Olmert pressed Russian President Vladimir Putin to support new sanctions against Iran over its nuclear activities and urged Russia not to sell arms to Iran or Syria.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18, Teenage pop star Belinda (18), who starred in the Disney Channel's "Cheetah Girls 2," won the video of the year award at the MTV Video Music Awards Latin America in Mexico City. The native of Madrid, Spain, who grew up in Mexico, also won best solo artist.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2007        Oct 18, Benazir Bhutto made a dramatic return to Pakistan, ending eight years of exile to reclaim a share of power with the country's US-backed military leader. More than 150,000 jubilant supporters gathered in Karachi to greet her amid massive security. A suicide attack killed up to 136 people. Bhutto said there were two attackers in the deadly bombing, and that her security guards found a third man armed with a pistol and another with a suicide vest. Ahead of her arrival, she said, she was warned suicide squads were dispatched to kill her. In February, 2008, Bhutto’s book “Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West," was published. In it she alleged that Qari Saifullah Akhtar was involved in the October 17 bombing in Karachi. Akhtar was released from custody in December, 2010, after authorities found no grounds for charges.
    (AP, 10/18/07)(AP, 10/19/07)(SFC, 1/10/11, p.A2)
2007        Oct 18, Palestinian surveyors fanned out across Gaza and the West Bank, counting homes and people in the first census in a decade, a rare joint endeavor of bitter rivals Hamas and Fatah.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18, South African reggae star Lucky Dube (43) was shot in an apparent carjacking attempt in Johannesburg's southern Rosettenville suburb. He died as he tried to drive away and crashed into a car and a tree. On Oct 21 police arrested five men in the killing. His albums included “Rastas never Die" (1984) and “Slave" (1987). In 2009 three men were sentenced to life in prison for the botched carjacking and murder.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(AP, 10/21/07)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.102)(AP, 4/2/09)
2007        Oct 18,     Crisis talks between Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir and southern leader Salva Kiir ended without agreement on getting his former rebels to rejoin the unity government they quit a week ago.
    (AFP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18,     Swiss pharmaceutical giant Novartis announced more than 1,200 job losses in the US after its third quarter results weakened on sharper competition from generic drugs.
    (AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 18, The UN said action would be taken against the interpreter responsible for an erroneous report that Syria has a nuclear facility and expressed regret at the incident.
    (AP, 10/18/07)

2008        Oct 18, UC Berkeley dedicated the new sculpture “Berkeley Big People" by Emeryville artist Scott Donohue. It was erected just off I-80 at a cost of $196,000.
    (SFC, 10/17/08, p.A16)
2008        Oct 18, In Daly City, Ca., the new Landmark Plaza announced the opening of its mixed use project at 88 Hillside Blvd. Sales for 43 of its Phase I townhome and tower units began in November. Phase II would bring on an additional 48 unites.
    (SFC, 10/18/09, p.G5)(SFC, 11/22/08, p.F8)
2008        Oct 18, In Afghanistan men on motorbikes shot dead a prominent pro-government Afghan tribal elder and his son, a former bodyguard for President Hamid Karzai, as they left a mosque in Kandahar. A bomb in eastern Paktika province killed two civilian men and a child.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 18, Phil Woolas, Britain’s new immigration minister, said the government will impose tougher restrictions on immigration as the global financial crisis lifts unemployment to the highest rate in nearly a decade.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 18, Liu Zhihua, a former Beijing vice mayor in charge of overseeing Olympic construction projects, was given a suspended death sentence for corruption, in a stern warning to wayward Communist officials. The sentence will be commuted to life in prison in two years if Liu shows good behavior.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 18, At least two Russian soldiers were killed and 10 others were wounded when rebels ambushed a military convoy in the Sunzha region of Ingushetia.
    (AP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 18, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called on Iraq's parliament to reject a US-Iraqi security pact as tens of thousands of his followers rallied in Baghdad against the deal.  Abdul-Hadi al-Janabi, the leader of a US-allied Sunni group that turned against al-Qaida, was killed in a drive-by shooting south of Baghdad. Masked gunmen attacked the home of a US-allied Sunni group in Balad, north of Baghdad, killing 5 people.
    (AP, 10/18/08)(SSFC, 10/19/08, p.A22)
2008        Oct 18, Mexican federal authorities raided a “narco-mansion" in Mexico City and arrested 15 alleged traffickers during the middle of a party. A mini menagerie was also found at the site that included 2 African lions, 2 white tigers and 2 black panthers.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/oct/21/mexico-wildlife)
2008        Oct 18, Pakistan said that China will help it build two more nuclear power plants, offsetting Pakistani frustration over a recent nuclear deal between archrival India and the US. Pakistani fighter jets bombed a militant camp and munition storage facility in the northwest, killing at least 20 insurgents and causing extensive damage. In nearby Bajur district seven more insurgents were killed when jets bombed their positions. 3 militants were killed in other parts of Bajur when they tried to attack security posts.
    (AP, 10/18/08)(AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 18, Somali pirates released a Thai ship after receiving a ransom.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 18, In southern Sudan unknown assailants kidnapped nine Chinese oil workers.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 18, In southern Thailand 2 Muslim men were killed in separate drive-by shootings.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 18, Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai characterized failed talks to form a unity government with President Robert Mugabe as "a monologue" saying the veteran ruler refused to compromise on the allocation of key ministries.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)

2009        Oct 18, Jasper Howard (20), a University of Connecticut football player, was stabbed to death during a fight outside a school-sanctioned dance. John William Lomax III was charged with murder and conspiracy to commit assault in connection with Howard's death. Another man, Hakim Muhammad (20) was charged with conspiracy to commit assault. Lomax’s lawyer later said his client was trying to break up the fight and was not involved in the stabbing.
    (AP, 10/19/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 18, Amazon Chief Almir Surui (35), unveiled a project in partnership with Google, to make public the encroachment of illegal mining and logging on his people’s 600,000 acre reserve in Brazil. Almir was evacuated for his safety to the US in 2006. Eleven chief of the Surui and neighboring tribes have been shot and killed this decade.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 18, Dawn Viens was last seen leaving her husband's successful restaurant in Lomita, Calif. Her husband did not report her missing. On Feb 23, 2011, David Viens jumped of a cliff in Rancho Palos Verdes following news reports that he was suspect in his wife’s disappearance.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20016368-504083.html)(SFC, 2/24/11, p.A5)
2009        Oct 18, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked a NATO convoy in western Badghis province. 6 Taliban were killed including a local commander in Bala Murghab district. In southern Uruzgan province clashes with Afghan and international forces left eight Taliban dead and three wounded. One US service member was killed in an improvised explosive device (IED) attack in the south.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Australia Jessica Watson (16) steered her bright pink, 10-meter yacht out of Sydney Harbor to start her bid to become the youngest person to sail solo and unassisted around the world. Her decision sparked a debate in Australia about whether someone so young should be allowed to try such a potentially dangerous feat. She completed her voyage on May 15, 2010.
    (AP, 10/18/09)(AP, 5/15/10)
2009        Oct 18, Representatives of the world's biggest carbon polluters began two days of informal talks in London to map out common ground 50 days before a key UN climate conference in Copenhagen.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, China reported that authorities have started resettling 330,000 people in central Hubei and Henan provinces to make way for a massive project to divert water hundreds of miles to cities in its arid north. The estimated $62 billion water diversion could be nearly three times as expensive as the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest hydroelectric project.
    (AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, The EU used the world's biggest book fair in Frankfurt to launch the EU Bookshop's digital library, making more than 50 years of documents in about 50 languages available for free on the Internet. The files dated back to 1952 when six countries created the High Authority of the Coal and Steel Community, the EU's precursor.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Iran a suicide bomber killed 5 senior commanders of the elite Revolutionary Guard, 10 other members of the Guard and at least 27 others in an area of the southeast that has been at the center of a simmering Sunni insurgency. The dead included the deputy commander of the Guard's ground force, Gen. Noor Ali Shooshtari, as well as a chief provincial Guard commander for the area, Rajab Ali Mohammadzadeh. A militant group from Iran's Sunni Muslim minority called Jundallah, or Soldiers of God, claimed responsibility. Jundallah, made up of Sunnis from the Baluchi ethnic minority, is also found in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/18/09)(AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Iraq a bomb attached to a motorcycle exploded near a popular cafe in a largely Sunni district of Baghdad killing five people. In the north an American soldier was killed in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 18, Pakistan pounded Taliban bases from the air and bore down on their leader's hometown, intensifying a major offensive against the Islamists and claiming to have killed 60 militants in operation Rah-e-Nijat.  Five soldiers were reported killed. Ammunition supplies deep in the mountains are thought to be sufficient to keep the militants fighting for several months without outside supply lines.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, Russia's unmanned Progress M-03M docked with the orbital station after a three-day trip up from Earth. It delivered food, fuel, oxygen and other supplies to the International Space Station.
    (AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Sudan Irish national Sharon Commins and Ugandan Hilda Kawuki, who worked for Irish charity GOAL, were freed. They had been kidnapped on July 3 at gunpoint. The Irish Times newspaper reported on Oct 24 that a 150,000-euro (225,000-dollar) ransom was paid to secure the release of two aid workers in the western Darfur region.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)

2010        Oct 18, In Southern California Crystal Cathedral, the megachurch birthplace of the televangelist show "Hour of Power," filed for bankruptcy after struggling to emerge from debt that exceeds $43 million.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Tennessee workers Judy Spray (58), a rural carrier associate, and Paula Robinson (33), a retail clerk, were gunned down at a rural post office that doubles as a community center in Henning.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, Abu Dhabi-based newspaper The National reported that the UAE's highest judicial body has ruled that a man can beat his wife and young children as long as the beating leaves no physical marks.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, Afghan and NATO forces killed "numerous insurgents" in Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, An Algerian court sentenced Bouchouta Fares (27) to two years in prison for breaking the fast of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan late in August. He was also fined 100,000 dinars (€972, $1,359) for "breaching a precept of Islam." Practicing a faith, Muslim or otherwise, is conditional in Algeria on obtaining a document stating the place of worship and another giving the name of the preacher, under a law passed in February 2006.
    (AFP, 10/21/10)
2010        Oct 18, Australia’s Justice Minister Brendan O'Connor said illegal pornographic material must be declared on arrival, watering down recent rules that asked for all pornography to be revealed. The government said it changed the wording on passenger arrival cards after becoming aware of confusion among travelers about what pornography to declare.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, A UN official said flooding in the West African nation of Benin has killed 43 people and left nearly 100,000 homeless, citing numbers collected since the beginning of October.
    (AFP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, In northeastern Brazil Francisco Gomes de Medeiros, a veteran reporter who had often received death threats for his reports on crime, died instantly when he was shot five times in the city of Caico.
    (AP, 10/2o/10)
2010        Oct 18, A new British government strategy was published saying International terrorism and cyber attacks pose the biggest threat to national security, ahead of a major shake-up of the defense budget.
    (AFP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Cambodia 20 people remained hospitalized after 14 people died over the weekend from drinking wine tainted with weed killer at a ceremony where villagers were appealing to spirits to protect children.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, French truck drivers staged go-slow operations on highways, rail strikes intensified and petrol stations ran out of fuel as protests gathered pace ahead of a Senate vote on an unpopular pension overhaul.
    (Reuters, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, Germany, yielding to French pressure, softened its stance on stricter eurozone budget rules, angering governments that counted on Berlin to force through sanctions for nations living beyond their means.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Haiti civil protection officials said steady rains toppled hillsides and turned streets into rivers in Port-au-Prince over the weekend, leaving at least 12 people dead and three missing.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, In India Yertward Mazmanian (aka Eight Finger Eddie, 1924-2010), an American-born hippie died of a heart attack in Anjuna's hospital. In 1965 he and some other hippies had settled in Anjuna, Goa state, and helped put the area on the travel map for global backpackers and stoners.
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 18, Human rights activists said Indonesian security forces have been captured on video torturing an alleged separatist in Papua province, burning his genitals as he screams out in agony and then threatening to shoot him in the mouth.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, Iran took part for the first time in talks in Rome with the international contact group on Afghanistan that set "sufficient stability" and basic human rights as the most realistic aims for the war-torn nation.
    (AFP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki was in Tehran to drum up support for his premiership bid, as his chief rival Iyad Allawi accused Iran of meddling in Baghdad's political affairs. In Iraq a roadside bomb hit a convoy carrying Jassim al-Saiedi, a member of Baghdad's local government, killing him and wounding eight people. Two Associated Press journalists were among those assaulted by Iraqi soldiers while trying to cover the bombing.
    (AFP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Mexico a bus has crashed into the back of a trailer truck and caught fire, killing 19 people outside the city of Queretaro. Security forces seized at least 105 tons of US-bound marijuana in Tijuana, by far the biggest pot bust in the country in recent years. The estimated weight was soon revised to 134.2 tons and said to likely belong to the Sinaloa cartel, run by Mexico's most wanted fugitive, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman.
    (AP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/20/10)
2010        Oct 18, Myanmar election officials said foreign journalists will not be allowed to cover its Nov 7 elections, the first in 20 years.
    (SFC, 10/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 18, Pakistan’s election commission said 148 lawmakers from national and regional assemblies have been suspended for failing to disclose details of their wealth.
    (SFC, 10/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 18, In the Philippines the strongest cyclone in years killed at least 36 people, leaving a wasteland of fallen trees and power poles and sending thousands scampering to safety in near-zero visibility. Super Typhoon Megi was forecast next to head toward China and Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/22/10)
2010        Oct 18, Somali officials said an offensive launched a day earlier by government troops has killed at least 15 people. The weak, UN-backed government was attempting to win back control of areas held by militants. Al-Shabab announced that residents in areas under its control can no longer use mobile money transfer services.
    (AP, 10/18/10) 
2010        Oct 18, The UN said it is sending 100 more troops to Sudan's oil-producing Abyei region to step up security ahead of a referendum that could pitch the area back into bloodshed.
    (Reuters, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Vietnam a local official was sentenced to life in prison for accepting bribes on a Japanese-funded road project he managed, in a scandal that prompted Japan to suspend aid for several months. Huynh Ngoc Si was convicted of receiving $262,000 from executives of Pacific Consultants International, or PCI, a Japanese company hired as consultants.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Vietnam 20 people on a bus were swept away by strong currents from a flooded river. They were presumed dead. Another 17 managed to save themselves by swimming or clinging to trees or power poles.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, A court in Yemen sentenced an al-Qaida militant to death after convicting him of involvement in terror attacks and manufacturing explosives. Saleh al-Shawish was arrested in February and later charged with involvement in attacks on security facilities, training would-be suicide bombers and bomb making.
    (AP, 10/18/10)

2011        Oct 18, The Obama administration on increased US support for Libya's new leaders as Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton made an unannounced visit to Tripoli and pledged millions of dollars in new aid. About 1,000 revolutionary troops launched a major assault on Gadhafi's hometown of Sirte.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, It was reported that US Social Security recipients will get a raise in January, their first increase in benefits since 2009. It's expected to be about 3.5 percent.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, The cash-strapped U.S. Postal Service announced a one-cent increase in the cost of mailing a letter, starting in January.
    (Reuters, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Kexue Huang (46), a China-born Canadian scientist, pleaded guilty in Indianapolis US District Court to economic espionage and theft for sending trade secrets on a pesticide and a new food product to China and Germany.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 18, In Ohio sheriff's deputies shot 48 animals, including 18 rare Bengal tigers and 17 lions, after Terry Thompson, owner of the private Muskingum County Animal Farm near Zanesville, threw their cages open and then committed suicide.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 18, The search for the world's first malaria vaccine received a boost with the release of early results from a major clinical trial showing it cut risk by about half in African children. The vaccine, known as RTS,S, is made by the British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline's lab in Belgium. It is the first of its kind to attempt to block a parasite, rather than bacteria or viruses.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, Angola’s Pres. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who has been in power for 32 years, denied his country was a dictatorship, but admitted there was a need for more social dialogue after a series of unprecedented anti-government protests.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Botswana 3 French, 3 Swiss and 2 Britons were killed when their Moremi Moremi Air Charters Cessna 208 crashed shortly after take-off from the island of Pom Pom in the Okavango delta in the northern tourist area. 4 passengers survived the crash.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, British writer Julian Barnes (65) won the Booker Prize for fiction for his novel “The Sense of an Ending, a novel about youth and memory.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.E4)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.97)
2011        Oct 18, Chilean students erected fiery blockades in major streets of the capital and clashed with police on the first day of a two-day national strike to demand that the government reform the education system.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, China’s ruling Communist Party, at the close of a four-day annual policy meeting, approved a program to enhance its popularity at home and image abroad at a time when the leadership is struggling with domestic unrest and a delicate succession.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Tibetan monk Yonten Gyatso, a senior monk and human rights activist in the restive Aba county, southwestern Sichuan province, was arrested. He was sentenced on June 18 by Aba Intermediate People's Court, but his family and the news organization that he contributes to only heard about it on Aug 22. They said he was beaten, tortured and imprisoned after his arrest.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)
2011        Oct 18, Congolese police fired tear gas to disperse opposition supporters demanding free elections as a US think-tank said Kinshasa must take action to ensure the upcoming vote is credible.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 18, An Egyptian court ordered blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad, who is serving a three-year sentence for insulting the armed forces, confined to a psychiatric clinic for 45 days after he began a hunger strike.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 18, The EU’s top court ruled that scientists cannot patent stem cell techniques that use human embryos for research.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 18, In Haiti Dr. Paul Farmer said the local cholera outbreak is now the worst in the world with over 6,000 people killed and over 450,000 people sickened.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 18, Israeli soldier Gilad Schalit emerged from more than five years in Hamas captivity, surrounded by Hamas militants with black face masks and green headbands who handed him over to Egyptian mediators in an exchange for 1,000 Palestinian prisoners.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, A Milan court refused to indict Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi in a tax fraud case involving his Mediaset media company. The court, however, indicted Berlusconi's eldest son, Pier Silvio Berlusconi, Mediaset chairman Fedele Confalonieri and nine other defendants.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Jamaica’s PM Bruce Golding (63) announced that Andrew Holness (39), the youthful education minister, has received the unanimous endorsement of ruling party lawmakers to become the Caribbean island's next leader.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Japan's PM Yoshihiko Noda started a visit to South Korea aimed at smoothing prickly relations, bringing with him a set of historic books seized by his country decades ago.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Kuwait’s foreign minister resigned amid allegations of high-level corruption.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Liberian ex-warlord Prince Johnson, who came third in the presidential polls, announced he would back Nobel peace laureate and incumbent president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in a run-off election.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Madagascar's coup-appointed premier, Brig. Gen. Albert Camille Vitalis, presented a letter of resignation, along with his government, to open the way for a new premier to be chosen by consensus to lead a transitional government that will end the Indian Ocean island's two-year political crisis.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Mexico Veracruz police chief Arturo Bermudez said 980 state agents have been dismissed in the past couple of weeks after failing lie detector and other tests. Christian Arturo Hernandez Tarin, the leader a gang known as "the street sweeper," was detained in the central state of Mexico. His gang has been fighting against the local Independent Cartel of Acapulco for control of the coast city since the 2010 arrest of suspected Texas-born drug capo Edgar Valdez Villareal, known as "La Barbie."
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Nigeria's military said it had arrested 50 suspected oil thieves in the past three months and destroyed some 2,000 illicit refineries this year in the oil-producing Niger Delta region.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, A Nigerian tribal king filed a lawsuit in a US court in Detroit, Michigan, seeking $1 billion from Royal Dutch Shell to compensate for decades of pollution that sickened his people and damaged their lands. The suit was brought on behalf of the people of Ogale in the Eleme local government area, where the UN team found the most serious groundwater contamination and people drinking water laced with cancer-causing benzene at 900 times World Health Organization guidelines.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 18, In the Philippines 19 soldiers were killed 13 wounded and 3 left missing in a clash on Basilan island with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the country's largest Muslim guerrilla group.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, Romania's anti-discrimination council voted 5-2 to caution President Traian Basescu for making discriminatory remarks about Gypsies and disabled people.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Somalia a suicide car bomb exploded near the Foreign Ministry, killing at least four people even as Somali and Kenyan leaders met and agreed to cooperate on military action against Islamist insurgents. Kenyan operations were limited to the Lower Juba region.
    (AP, 10/18/11)(AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, A Swedish court convicted 23 women and one man of child pornography offenses in what investigators called a unique case because of the number of female perpetrators.
    (AP, 10/18/11)
2011        Oct 18, Syrian army cross-border raids into east Lebanon left 3 dead, including 2 in Qaa and one in Aarsal. The Lebanese government, dominated by the powerful militant group Hezbollah, a strong ally of the Syrian regime, has for the most part stayed mum on the issue.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 18, Turkey shelled northern Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region, in the first report of Turkish bombardment there in more than two weeks. The shelling began the previous evening. A roadside blast killed five policemen and 3 civilians in Turkey's southeast Bitlis province.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 18, In Yemen 12 protesters were killed and over 70 wounded as gunmen loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh opened fire on demonstrators in the Yemeni capital.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)

2012        Oct 18, In Florida Bradford Baumet opened fire at a beauty salon killing 3 women and wounding manager Marcia Santiago, who had asked for a restraining order against him. After the rampage he went to a friend’s house and killed himself.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A8)
2012        Oct 18, In Oklahoma a massive dust storm triggered a multi-vehicle accident along I-35 fording police to shut the roadway amid near blackout conditions.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A8)
2012        Oct 18, In Portland, Oregon, the Boy Scouts of America some 4,500 pages of secret "perversion files" released by order of the Oregon Supreme Court, their maneuvers protected suspected sexual predators while victims suffered in silence. The new files from Scout headquarters in Texas dated back to the 1920s.
    (AP, 10/19/12)(SFC, 10/19/12, p.A1)
2012        Oct 18, In Algeria a group of armed men stopped a bus at a fake checkpoint in the Boumerdes region and checked each passenger's identity papers until they found two members of the military, whom they dragged out of the bus and shot dead by the side of the road.
    (AP, 11/2/12)
2012        Oct 18, The European Court of Justice ruled that Britain faces large fines for breaching EU law on water treatment after plants in northern England and London dumped raw sewage into waterways.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, In Greece hundreds of youths pelted riot police with petrol bombs, bottles and chunks of marble as yet another Greek anti-austerity demonstration descended into violence. Some 70,000 protesters took to the street during the country's second general strike in a month.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, Sylvia Kristal (b.1952), Dutch film star, died in Amsterdam. She was best known for her role in 4 of 7 “Emmannuelle" films.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvia_Kristel)
2012        Oct 18, In Nigeria Shuaibu Muhammed Bama was found "in a serving senator's home" in Maiduguri. Bama was described as a commander who organized attacks in Bama, a town just southeast of Maiduguri in Borno state.
    (AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 18, In Northern Ireland a Belfast judge ruled that unmarried and same-sex couples should be allowed to adopt children, overturning a 1987 adoption law that discriminated against both groups.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, The first abortion clinic on the island of Ireland opened in Belfast, sparking protests by conservatives from both the Catholic and Protestant sides of Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, Russia's top investigative agency filed criminal charges against Konstantin Lebedev (33), the opposition leader's assistant, continuing a widespread crackdown on the movement against President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, Rosneft, Russia’s state-controlled oil giant, offered British Petroleum $28 billion for its half of the TNK-BP joint venture. A day earlier AAR, a consortium of Russian billionaires, had agreed to sell its half of the TNK-BP joint venture for the same amount.
    (Econ, 10/20/12, p.57)
2012        Oct 18, South Sudan ordered oil companies to restart production and officials said oil export could resume in about 90 days, ending a nearly nine-month shutdown following a dispute with Sudan over borders and oil.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, In northern Syria over 40 civilians, including at least 15 children, were killed in an airstrike on the town of Maarat Numan. A day earlier activist in the area posted a video showing what they said was a government helicopter shot down by rebels. In all over 200 people were reported killed in the country.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 18, Turkey's state-run news said security forces have killed 12 Kurdish rebels in clashes in the southeast, raising the two-day death toll in the fighting to 18.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, In southern Yemen at least 3 suspected US drone strikes killed at least seven al-Qaida-linked militants at gathering of militants at a farm outside Jaar.
    (AP, 10/18/12)

2013        Oct 18, SF Bay Area BART workers went on strike leaving hundreds of thousands of Bay Area commuters scrambling for ways to get to work.
    (SFC, 10/18/13, p.A1)
2013        Oct 18, New Jersey’s Supreme Court ruled to uphold a lower court order that gay weddings must start on Oct 21.
    (SFC, 10/18/13, p.A5)
2013        Oct 18, In Ohio a police cruiser crashed into a car at an intersection in Upper Arlington killing 6 members of a family of Iraqi immigrants, whose car had stopped in the middle of the intersection.
    (SFC, 10/18/1e, p.A6)
2013        Oct 18, Tom Foley (b.1929), former US House Speaker, died. The Democrat from Spokane, Wa., had served 30 years in the House before he was booted from office in 1994 as Republicans seized control of Congress.
    (SFC, 10/18/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 18, In Afghanistan a complex attack involving a car bomb followed by gunfire was launched on an international compound in eastern Kabul and was still under way. A Taliban suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden car in Kabul outside a compound where many foreign workers are based, killing at least two local civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)(AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In Australia nearly 100 wildfires raged across New South Wales state, killing one person, destroying dozens of houses and forcing hundreds of evacuations as the nation's annual fire season got off to an unusually early start.
    (AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In Brazil a fire destroyed up to 300,000 tons of sugar and much of the Santos Port warehouses owned by Copersucar, the world's largest trader of the sweetener.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, Canada and the EU struck a tentative Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) meant to boost growth and employment.
    (AP, 10/18/13)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.18)
2013        Oct 18, Canada’s Supreme Court, in the case of a severely-brain damaged man, ruled that family, not doctors, should decide when to cut off life support.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In China Professor Xia Yeliang (53), a liberal economist who had been an outspoken critic of China's ruling Communist Party, was told that professors and school leaders had voted to end his contract. He had drawn the ire of school officials for his blog posts calling for democratic reforms and rule of law in China. Yeliang was a signatory to Charter 08, a 2008 petition calling for sweeping political change.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)(Econ, 2/15/14, p.40)
2013        Oct 18, In Egypt suspected militants killed a police officer in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, Ethiopia unveiled the first phase of a space exploration program, which includes East Africa's largest observatory designed to promote astronomy research in the region.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, France's constitutional court ruled that mayors cannot refuse to carry out same-sex marriages just because they oppose them.
    (AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, A French court sentenced three Somali pirates to nine years in prison each for the 2009 hijacking off the Somali coast of a French yacht that led to the death of its skipper.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, French osteopath Pierre Pallardy (72) was sentenced to 10 years in jail for raping and sexually assaulting female patients. His list of famous clients included Pablo Picasso and Rudolf Nureyev.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, Guinea's electoral commission announced that the ruling party and its allies have won legislative elections. Pres. Alpha Conde’s Rally of the Guinean People (RPG) won with 53 seats. The opposition said it would not recognise the official results.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.56)
2013        Oct 18, Indian police arrested and questioned 33 people aboard a ship operated by a US anti-piracy firm for carrying guns and ammunition in Indian waters without proper permits. The captain and the chief engineer were not among those arrested. The ship was detained on Oct 12. India charged the 33 men for failing to produce papers authorizing them to carry weapons in Indian waters
    (AFP, 10/18/13)(Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 18, In Iraq a car bomb near an ice-cream shop in Baghdad killed 12 people, while 7 died in other attacks.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, Kenya officials identified Hassan Abdi Dhuhulow (b.1990), a Norwegian-Somali, as one of the four attackers of the Westgate Mall on Sep 21. Charred body parts taken from a collapsed portion of the shopping center still awaited forensics analysis to determine if they were the remains of the assailants.
    (AP, 10/18/13)(SFC, 10/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 18, In Libya gunmen killed Col. Ahmed Mostafa el-Barghathy, the head of the regional military police in the eastern city of Benghazi, as he was headed to a mosque to attend Friday prayers.
    (AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In northwest Mexico Francisco Rafael Arellano Felix (63), a former head of the Tijuana cartel, was killed by a man in a clown outfit during a party in a hotel in the resort town of Cabo San Lucas.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 18, The Netherlands Supreme Court said municipalities are entitled to to tax dog ownership because they have to pick up the bill for keeping public parks and streets clean.
    (SFC, 10/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 18, In Panama the 23rd Ibero-American summit opened. Half the presidents of member nations failed to show for the 2-day meeting, revealing the foundering direction of the annual forum. At the close instead of meeting annually, they decided to get together every other year instead.
    (AP, 10/19/13)(AFP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 18, Saudi Arabia, in an unprecedented show of anger at the failure of the international community to end the war in Syria and act on other Middle East issues, said it would not take up its seat on the UN Security Council.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, South African police fired rubber bullets to disperse thousands of people who rioted after five people were arrested for the rape and murder of two toddlers in a shantytown.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In Spain Luis Barcenas, the jailed former financial chief of the ruling Popular Party, said he personally handed thousands of euros to the party's current secretary general as part of an off-the-books payment scheme he acknowledges he ran.
    (AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, Swiss customs agents said they have seized one million fake tablets of anti-anxiety drug Xanax at the Zurich airport, which were destined for Egypt. The counterfeit tablets, packed in four crates and weighing 400kg, had originated in China, according to Swissmedic, the Swiss Agency for Therapeutic Products.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In Syria regime forces and rebels fighting for control of Tel Aran, a small but strategic town in the northern province of Aleppo, killed at least 20 people. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said rebels killed at least 30 Syrian soldiers, including ten who were executed after they were captured in in Deir al-Zou.
    (AP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In Tunisia protesting security forces drove top leaders from a memorial ceremony for two policeman killed by militants a day earlier.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)
2013        Oct 18, In southern Yemen a suicide bomber killed at least 5 soldiers in a suspected Islamist militant attack on a military base. Two gunmen on a motorcycle fired at Col. Mohammed Abdullah al-Habshi's car in Sayoun, Hadramawt province. The driver died instantly and the colonel died three hours later in hospital.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)(AP, 10/19/13)

2014        Oct 18, A divided US Supreme Court let stand a new Texas voter identification law.
    (SSFC, 10/19/14, p.A8)
2014        Oct 18, Afghanistan’s leadership greeted the arrival of Turkish Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Pres. Ashraf Ghani and Erdogan signed an agreement on closer bilateral relationship between the two countries.
    (AFP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed 3 Afghan security force troops in Helmand province. In Khost province a roadside bomb killed a district police chief.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, Afghan and US special forces killed, Abu Bara al-Kuwaiti, a senior al Qaeda leader, in the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar near the border with Pakistan’s tribal agency of Khyber. The NDS also seized weapons and important documents regarding al-Qaeda activity as well as a laptop with files detailing al-Qaida operations.
    (http://tinyurl.com/le23u97)(SFC, 2/12/15, p.A2)
2014        Oct 18, Tens of thousands of people marched through central London to protest against falling real wages and public spending cuts introduced to tame Britain's deficit.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Egypt at least 3 soldiers died when a smuggling tunnel on the border with the Gaza Strip collapsed on them as they were investigating it. The interior ministry said that security forces have arrested 52 suspected militants who operated in eight different cells with the aim of targeting Egypt's infrastructure.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Germany millions of passengers were left stranded after train drivers began a 50-hour strike that halted two thirds of long-distance trains in a dispute over pay and negotiation rights.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, The Iraqi parliament approved a Sunni Muslim to become defense minister and a Shi'ite to be interior minister, as part of a more inclusive government to help tackle Islamist insurgents. Six Kurdish members of the cabinet were also sworn in.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, Rome's left-wing mayor Ignazio Marino registered 16 gay marriages carried out abroad in defiance of Italian law, which does not recognize same-sex unions.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries unveiled first passenger aircraft to be made in Japan in nearly four decades as Mitsubishi pushed into the booming regional jet sector with an eye to taking on industry giants Embraer and Bombardier.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, Kenyan and Somali soldiers killed five suspected Islamic extremist bombers attempting to cross into the country from Ethiopia in a car laden with explosives and six suicide vests.
    (AP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Nigeria suspected Boko Haram attacked the village of Dzur leaving at least 8 people dead. Boko Haram insurgents abducted 80 girls and women in Adamawa state. Older women in the group were released the following day. The extremists kept about 40 younger women and girls.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)(AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Pakistan unknown gunmen shot dead 8 laborers from eastern Punjab province who were abducted and shot while working in Baluchistan province's poultry industry.
    (AP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Syria US-led coalition jets pounded suspected Islamic State targets at least six times in Kobani after the fiercest shelling in days by the insurgents shook the town's center and hit border areas within Turkey. Syrian government forces shelled neighborhoods in Damascus, the southern province of Deraa and the central province of Homs. Islamic State militants fired 44 mortars at Kurdish parts of Kobani. Two Islamic State car bombs hit Kurdish positions leading to casualties.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)(AP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 18, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko said in a television interview that Russia has agreed to supply Ukraine with gas through March 31 at a price of $385 per 1,000 cubic meters.
    (AP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 18, In eastern Ukraine 2 soldiers were killed in combat with pro-Russian rebels over the last 24 hours. 2 civilians were also killed after a shell hit a residential house in the western district of rebel hub Donetsk.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Yemen rebels lost 12 fighters in a rocket-propelled grenade attack on their vehicle in Ibb province. 4 tribesmen were also killed in fighting.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)

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