Today in History - October 19

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439        Oct 19, The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, took Carthage in North Africa.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1031        Oct 19, Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opened the grave of Saint Willibrord.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1216        Oct 19, John, King of England (1199-1216) died at Newark at age 49. He signed the Magna Carta and was excommunicated in 1209. King John was succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. The Royal Menagerie was begun during the reign of King John.
    (HN, 10/19/98)(SFEC, 10/10/99, p.T3)

1268        Oct 19, Konradin von Hohenstaufen, duke of Zwaben, was beheaded.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1298        Oct 19, Rindfleish: 140 Jews of Heilbron Germany were murdered.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1448        Oct 19, The Ottoman Sultan Murat II defeated Hungarian General Janos Hunyadi at Kosovo, Serbia.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1453        Oct 19, In the 2nd Battle at Castillon: France beat England, ending the hundred year war. [see Jul 17]
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1466        Oct 19, The peace of Torun ended the 13-year War of the Cities (1454-1466), between the Teutonic knights and their own disaffected subjects in Prussia. The Peace of Thorn (Torún) ended the war between the Teutonic knights (a German military and religious order) and their subjects in Prussia, led by King Casimir IV (1427-1492) of Poland.  Poland was given Pomerelia and West Prussia, and the knights retained East Prussia, with a new capital at Königsberg (Kaliningrad). The knights, formerly strictly a German order, were forced to accept Poles as members and their grand master became a vassal of the Polish king.
    (HN, 10/19/98)(http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/T/TeutonKn.html)

1492        Oct 19, Columbus sighted "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas).
    (http://tinyurl.com/774v3)

1547        Oct 19, Pierino del Vaga, Italian painter, died at 46.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1553        Oct 19, Bonifazio Veronese, Veneziano, [de' Pitati], Italian painter, died.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1581        Oct 19, Dimitri Ivanovitch, Russian son of Ivan IV "the Terrible," was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1605        Oct 19, Thomas Browne (d.1682), British writer (Garden of Cyrus), was born.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Browne)

1630        Oct 19, In Boston the 1st general court was held.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1682        Oct 19, Thomas Browne (b.1605), British writer, died. The Norwich doctor wrote mysterious-sounding books such as “Religio Medici" and “Pseudodoxia Epidemica." In 2015 Hugh Aldersey Williams authored “The Adventures of Sir Thomas Browne in the Twentieth Century: The Life and Afterlife of the Seventeenth Century’s Most Inquiring Mind."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Browne)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.71)

1722        Oct 19, French C. Hopffer patented the fire extinguisher.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1739        Oct 19, England declared war on Spain over borderlines in Florida. The War is known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear because a member of Parliament waved a dried ear and demanded revenge for alleged mistreatment of British sailors. British seaman Robert Jenkins had his ear amputated following a 1731 barroom brawl with a Spanish Customs guard in Havana and saved the ear in his sea chest.
    (EWH, 4th ed, p.555)(HN, 10/19/98)(PCh, 1992, p.292)

1745        Oct 19, Jonathan Swift (b.1667), Irish born clergyman and English writer (Gulliver's Travels), died. In 1963 Prof. Edward Rosenheim (1918-2005) authored “Swift and the Satirist’s Art." In 1999 Victoria Glendinning published the biography: "Jonathan Swift: A Portrait."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1437)(SFEC, 8/1/99, BR p.8)(SFC, 12/1/05, p.B7)

1765        Oct 19, The Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.
    (AP, 10/19/97)

1781        Oct 19, Major General Lord Charles Cornwallis, surrounded at Yorktown, Va., by American and French regiments numbering 17,600 men, surrendered to George Washington and Count de Rochambeau at Yorktown, Va. Cornwallis surrendered 7,157 troops, including sick and wounded, and 840 sailors, along with 244 artillery pieces. Losses in this battle had been light on both sides. Cornwallis sent Brig. Gen. Charles O'Hara to surrender his sword. At Washington's behest, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln accepted it. Washington himself is seen in the right background of “The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown" by artist John Trumbull. After conducting an indecisive foray into Virginia, Lt. Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis retired to Yorktown on August 2, 1781. On August 16, General Washington and Maj. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, began marching their Continental and French armies from New York to Virginia. The arrival of a French fleet, and its victory over a British fleet in Chesapeake Bay, sealed the trap.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.808)(AP, 10/19/97)(HNPD, 10/19/98)(HN, 10/19/98)

1784        Oct 19, Leigh Hunt (d.1859), English journalist, essayist, poet and political radical, was born. He was a friend and advisor to Shelley and Lord Byron and wrote the poems "Abou Ben Adhem" and "Jenny Kissed Me."
    (HN, 10/19/99)(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRleigh.htm)
1784        Oct 19, John McLoughlin (d.1857), Hudson's Bay Co. pioneer at Fort Vancouver and in Oregon Country, was born in Quebec.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McLoughlin)

1793        Oct 19, Captain Napoleon Bonaparte was promoted to chef de bataillon (major) giving him greater voice in the councils of war and the siege of Toulon.
    (ON, 2/12, p.5)

1805        Oct 19, Austrian general Karl Mac surrendered to Napoleon’s army at the battle of Ulm.
    (www.pbs.org/empires/napoleon/n_war/campaign/page_6.html)

1810        Oct 19, Cassius Marcellus Clay (d.1903), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1812        Oct 19, French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.
    (AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/98)

1814        Oct 19, Mercy Otis Warren (b.1728), Massachusetts playwright, died.
    (WSJ, 2/5/08, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercy_Otis_Warren)

1817        Oct 19, Tom Taylor, British playwright, was born. His play “Our American Cousin" was being performed at Ford’s Theater when President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Boothe.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1818        Oct 19, US and Chickasaw Indians signed a treaty.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1833        Oct 19, Adam Lindsay Gordon, Australian poet, was born.
    (HN, 10/19/00)

1842        Oct 19, US Commodore Thomas ap Catesby Jones ordered the surrender of Mexican officials in Monterey, Ca., on the mistaken belief that the US and Mexico had gone to war. He soon learned of his error and returned Monterey to Mexican authority.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.D2)

1845        Oct 19, Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhauser," premiered in Dresden.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1848        Oct 19, John "The Pathfinder" Fremont moved out from near Westport, Missouri, on his fourth Western expedition with 33 volunteers. The goal was to find a railroad route across the Rocky Mountains. His failed attempt to open a trail across the Rocky Mountains along the 38th parallel ended with some of his men cannibalizing their comrades.
    (HN, 10/19/98)(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.6)(ON, 12/06, p.5)

1850        Oct 19, Annie Smith Peck (d.1935), one of the world’s renowned mountain climbers, was born in Providence, Rhode Island.
    (www.ric.edu/rpotter/smithpeck.html)

1851        Oct 19, Marie-Therese-Charlotte (72), daughter of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette died.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1858        Oct 19, Alice Josephine McLellan Birney, child welfare worker, was born. Her ideas evolved into the PTA.
    (HN, 10/19/00)

1859        Oct 19, Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1862        Oct 19, Auguste Lumiere, French film pioneer, was born. He made the 1st film: “Workers Leaving Lumiere Factory."
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1864        Oct 19, Philip Sheridan and his gelding horse Rienzi made their most famous ride to repulse an attack led by Lt. General Jubal A. Early at Cedar Creek, Virginia. Sheridan had been on his way back from a strategy session in Washington, D.C. when Early attacked. The Union scored a narrow victory which helped it secure the Shenandoah Valley. Thomas Buchanan Read later wrote a poem, “Sheridan‘s Ride," and created a painting immortalizing the Union general and his steed.
    (AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/98)(HNQ, 6/29/00)
1864        Oct 19, The northernmost action of the American Civil War took place in the Vermont town of St. Albans. Some 25 escaped Confederate POWs led by Kentuckian Bennett Young (21) raided the town near the Canadian border with the intent of robbing three banks and burning the town. While they managed to leave town and hide out in Canada with more than $200,000, their attempts to burn down the town failed. Most of the raiders were captured and imprisoned in Canada and later released after a court ruled the robberies in St. Albans were acts of war.
    (HNQ, 12/9/98)(ON, 11/99, p.11)(MC, 10/19/01)

1870        Oct 19, The 1st blacks (4) were elected to House of Reps.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1870        Oct 19, The British SS Cambria left for the North Sea coast. 196 were killed.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1872        Oct 19, World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) was found in New South Wales, Australia.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1873        Oct 19, Yale, Princeton, Columbia and Rutgers universities drafted the first code of football rules.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1879        Oct 19, Thomas Edison demonstrated the electric light. [see Oct 21]
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1882        Oct 19, Vincas Kreve (d.1954), Lithuanian writer and poet, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincas_Kr%C4%97v%C4%97-Mickevi%C4%8Dius)

1890        Oct 19, Richard Francis Burton (b.1821), explorer, British consul, translator, died. In 1893 Lady Burton published a biography of her late husband.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6445)

1895        Oct 19, Lewis Mumford, American social critic who wrote “The City in History," was born.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1901        Oct 19, Arleigh A. Burke, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross), was born in Colorado.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1901        Oct 19, Edward Elgar's "Pomp and Circumstance" March premiered in Liverpool.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1901        Oct 19, Alberto Santos-Dumont successfully circled Eiffel Tower in his Santos-Dumont No. 6 dirigible within a half hour and won a 100,000 franc prize. An initial ruling said that he failed by 40 seconds because the race wasn’t finished until he touched ground. A 2nd vote granted him the win. This proved the airship maneuverable.
    (ON, 3/03, p.12)

1903        Oct 19, Vittorio Giannini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1905        Oct 19, Kiotalel arap Samoei was murdered in Kenya's central Rift Valley. He led tribal opposition to the construction of the so-called "Lunatic Express," the Kenya-Uganda Railway, from the Indian Ocean Port of Mombasa through Nandiland in the Rift Valley to Lake Victoria. More than 12,000 people are believed to have been killed in a bloody 10-year struggle over the railroad that began in 1895 when surveyors first marked Nandi territory as a route for the tracks.
    (AFP, 10/19/05)

1906        Oct 19, The crew of Roald Amundsen aboard Gjoe, a converted herring boat, arrived off the coast of San Francisco following their crossing of the Northwest Passage in a 26-month journey.
    (SFC, 10/19/06, p.B1)

1911        Oct 19, A team, consisting of Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen set out from base camp Framheim on a 2nd to reach the South Pole. They reach the South Pole on Dec 14.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roald_Amundsen)

1914        Oct 19, The German cruiser Emden captures her thirteenth Allied merchant ship in 24 days.
    (HN, 10/19/99)

1915        Oct 19, US recognized General Venustiano Carranza (opposing Pancho Villa) as the president of Mexico, and imposed an embargo on the shipment of arms to all Mexican territories except those controlled by Carranza.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1915        Oct 19, The US Patent Office granted John Van Wormer a patent for his "paper bottle." His patent was later acquired by the American Paper Bottle Company. The first paper milk carton was introduced in 1933.
    (www.planetark.org/cartons/carthist.html)
1915        Oct 19, Russia and Italy declared war on Bulgaria.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1916        Oct 19, Emil Gilels, pianist (Brussels Competition-1938), was born in Odessa, Ukraine.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1916        Oct 19, Karl-Birger Blomdahl, Sweden, opera composer (Herr von Hancken), was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1917        Oct 19, The first doughnut was fried by Salvation Army volunteer women for American troops in France during World War I.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1926        Oct 19, John C. Garand patented a semi-automatic rifle.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1926        Oct 19, Russian Politburo threw out Leon Trotsky and his followers.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1927        Oct 19, Marjorie Tallchief, US-Osage ballerina (Harkness Ballet), was born. In 1997 Maria Tallchief wrote her memoir: “Maria Tallchief: America’s Prima Ballerina."
    (WSJ, 4/17/97, p.A20)(MC, 10/19/01)

1931        Oct 19, John Le Carré, British novelist who wrote “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold," was born.
    (HN, 10/19/99)
1931        Oct 19, Al Capone was convicted. [see Oct 17]
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1932        Oct 19, Austria forbade demonstration by Nazis and antifascists.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1933        Oct 19, Dallas Egan, condemned slayer, was executed at San Quentin after California Gov. James Rolph agreed to allow him 8 ounces of good Kentucky bourbon whiskey.
    (SSFC, 10/19/08, DB p.58)(www.freeotrshows.com/otr/c/Calling_All_Cars.html)

1935        Oct 19, Mao Tse Tung's army reached Shanxi.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1936        Oct 19, H.R. Ekins of the New York World-Telegram beat out Dorothy Kilgallen of the New York Journal and Leo Kieran of The New York Times in a round-the-world race on commercial flights that lasted 18 1/2 days.
    (AP, 10/19/06)

1937        Oct 19, Peter Max [Finkelstein], psychedelic artist (Dynamite Chicken), was born in Germany.
    (MC, 10/19/01)(BGR, 10/19/03)

1939        Oct 19, Benita Valente, soprano (Pamina-Die Zauberflote), was born in Delano Calif.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1939        Oct 19, Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering began plundering art treasures throughout Nazi occupied areas.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1942        Oct 19, The Japanese submarine I-36 launched a floatplane for a reconnaissance flight over Pearl Harbor. The pilot and crew reported on the ships in the harbor, after which the aircraft was lost at sea.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1943        Oct 19, Delegates from the U.S.S.R. met with representatives from the Allied nations of Great Britain, the U.S., and China, in an attempt to hammer out a greater consensus on war aims, and to improve the rapidly cooling relations between the Soviet Union and its allies.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1944        Oct 19, The play "I Remember Mama," by John van Druten, opened at the Music Box Theater on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
1944        Oct 19, The Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1944        Oct 19, The US Army 442nd Regiment, composed of Japanese-Americans, fought their way into Bruyeres, France. It included the 100th Battalion of Japanese-Americans from Hawaii.
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.E5)
1944        Oct 19, US forces landed in the Philippines. [see Oct 20]
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1945        Oct 19, Divine, [Harris Glenn Milstead], cross-dressing actor-actress (Pink Flamingo), was born in Baltimore, Md.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1945         Oct 19, Romulo Betancourt began serving his first term as president of Venezuela and continued to 1948. founded Accion Democratica.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%B3mulo_Betancourt)

1947        Oct 19, Yehudi Menuhin (d.1999), violin maestro, married ballerina Diana Gould (d.2003 at 90), his 2nd wife, in London. Lady Diana later authored “Fiddler’s Moll."
    (SFC, 2/1/03, p.A19)

1949        Oct 19, The People's Republic of China was formally proclaimed.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1950        Oct 19, United Nations forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.
    (AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/98)

1951        Oct 19, President Truman signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.
    (AP, 10/19/97)

1953        Oct 19, Singer Julius LaRosa, a regular on the CBS program "Arthur Godfrey Time," was fired on the air by Godfrey, who accused him of lacking humility.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1953          Oct 19, America's first ever non-stop transcontinental service began with flights by American Airlines using DC-7 aircraft.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Commercial_Aviation/Opening_of_Jet_era/Tran6.htm)

1954        Oct 19, Egypt and Britain concluded a pact on the Suez Canal, ending 72 years of British military occupation. Britain agreed to withdraw its 80,000-man force within 20 months, and Egypt agreed to maintain freedom of canal navigation.
    (HN, 10/19/98)

1957        Oct 19, "Damn Yankees" closed at 46th St. Theater NYC after 1,022 performances.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1958        Oct 19, John Bloom, [Joe Bob Briggs], drive-in movie critic, was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1959        Oct 19, William Gibson's "Miracle Worker," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1960        Oct 19, US President Eisenhower imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1960        Oct 19, Canada and the United States agreed to undertake a joint Columbia River project to provide hydroelectric power and flood control.
    (HN, 10/19/98)
1960        Oct 19, The United States and Mexico agreed to the co-construction of a dam on the Rio Grande.
    (HN, 10/19/98)
1960        Oct 19, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested in an Atlanta sit-in.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1962        Oct 19, A Stalin monument was removed in Prague.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1963        Oct 19, Beatles recorded "I Want to Hold Your Hand."
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1966        Oct 19, Elizabeth Arden, US cosmetic manufacturer, died.  In 2004 Lindy Woodhead authored “War Paint: Madame Helena Rubinstein & Miss Elizabeth Arden: Their Lives, Their times, Their Rivalry."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Arden)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.G1)

1967        Oct 19, Amy Carter, Pres Carter's daughter and peace activist, was born.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1967        Oct 19, The US space probe Mariner V flew past Venus.
    (AP, 10/19/07)

1968        Oct 19, The Golden Gate Bridge became the first major bridge in the world to offer one-way toll collection.
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.E10)
1968        Oct 19, Yasonari Kawabata (1899-1972), Japanese novelist (Thousand Cranes) won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1968/kawabata-docu.html)

1969        Oct 19, J. Bock's and S. Harnick's musical "Rothschilds," premiered in NYC and ran for 505 performances.
    (MC, 10/19/01)
1969        Oct 19, US Vice President Spiro Agnew referred to anti-Vietnam War protesters as “an effete corps of impudent snobs."
    (www.ieatgravel.com/?p=1396)

1970          Oct 19, Amdahl Corp., a manufacturer of IBM mainframe compatible products, was formed at Sunnyvale, California by Dr. Gene Amdahl, a former IBM employee. In 1997 it became a wholly owned subsidiary of Fujitsu.
    (www.wordiq.com/definition/Amdahl)
1970        Oct 19, John Linley Frazier murdered Dr. Victor Ohta, his wife, 2 children and secretary in Santa Cruz, Ca. He was convicted in Dec. 1971, and sentenced to death. The sentence was changed to life in prison after the state Supreme Court struck down capital punishment in California. In 2009 Frazier (62) committed suicide at Mule Creek State Prison.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/frazier.htm)(SFC, 1/27/05, p.B7)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.D6)
1970        Oct 19, In SF police officer Harold Hamilton was killed after responding to a bank robbery at the Wells Fargo branch at Seventh and Clement Street. Later several officers were wounded when a bomb exploded outside Hamilton’s funeral at St. Brendan Church.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)

1971        Oct 19, The last issue of "Look" magazine was published.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Look_(American_magazine))

1973        Oct 19, President Richard Nixon rejected an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.
    (HN, 10/19/98)
1973        Oct 19, Peter Townshend and The Who, an English rock group, released the rock opera album "Quadrophenia."
    (WSJ, 7/12/96, p.A9)

1976        Oct 19, Pres. Ford signed the US Copyright Act of 1976, effective as of January 1, 1978. It declared unpublished materials to be in the public domain when the records are 100 years old or when the creator of the records has been dead for fifty years, whichever date comes first. The act also declared that records created before January 1, 1978 enter the public domain in 2002, provided that they are over 100 years old or the creator of the records has been dead 50 years. The act established the “first sale doctrine," which gives copyright holders control of their goods until their first sale.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright_Act_of_1976)(SAA, 4/19/99)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.71)

1977        Oct 19, The body of West German industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer, who had been kidnapped by left-wing extremists, was found in the trunk of a car in Mulhouse, France.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1977        Oct 19, The supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.
    (AP, 10/19/97)

1978        Oct 19, The US League of Savings and Loan Associations reported that the San Francisco Bay Area had the highest housing costs in the nation.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.E9)
1978        Oct 19, Gig Young (b.1913), film and TV star, killed his bride of 3 weeks and then committed suicide in NYC. Young had recently married his fifth wife, a German art gallery employee named Kim Schmidt (31). He had met Schmidt on the set of his final film, Game of Death, where she was working as a script supervisor. Young was born as Byron Elsworth Barr in St. Cloud, Minnesota.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gig_Young)
1978        Oct 19, The Afghan flag was changed. The national flag, also used as state and war flag, was a 1:2 red flag with a yellow Soviet-like emblem in the canton. Red symbolized the fight against imperialism, feudality and all other kinds of oppression.
    (www.crwflags.com/FOTW/flags/af1978o.html)

1979        Oct 19, Cyclone Tip, considered the strongest and most intense storm on record, hit Japan causing 68 deaths including 13 US Marines.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qdqe7jx)

1982        Oct 19, Carmaker John DeLorean was arrested in Los Angeles and charged in a 24-million-dollar cocaine scheme aimed at salvaging his bankrupt sports car company. He was found not guilty due to entrapment on August 16, 1984.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_De_Lorean)

1983          Oct 19, The US Senate established the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday as the 3rd Monday in January each year. Dr. King was born on January 15, 1929.
    (www.infoplease.com/spot/mlkhistory1.html)
1983        Oct 19, In Grenada an extremist Marxist faction executed PM Maurice Bishop and 4 Cabinet ministers. 17 men were later convicted of the killings during the coup that prompted a US invasion. Their death sentences were later commuted to life in prison. In 2005 they were allowed to appeal to the London-based Privy Council. In 2009 Bernard Coard and the six others — Dave Bartholomew, Callistus Bernard, Leon Cornwall, Liam James, Ewart Layne and Selwyn Strachan — were released. Ten others convicted in the killings, including Coard's wife, were previously released. The bodies of Bishop and 10 men killed with him had not been found.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)(AP, 6/29/05)(AP, 6/28/06)(AP, 9/5/09)

1984        Oct 19, In Palo Alto, Ca., Dennis Anderson (50) used a shotgun to kill Donald Mason, the former boyfriend of his 20-day wife, and then beat and blasted his wife, Karen Stoker-Anderson. He was convicted of double murder in 1985 but the ruling was overturned on the basis of mental incompetence in 1995 and a retrial began in 1997. Anderson was sentenced 17 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.D2)
1984        Oct 19, Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish priest and dissident, was kidnapped by three secret police officers after celebrating his last mass in Bydgoszcz, central Poland. The priest was tortured to death before his body was thrown into the Vistula river, 120 km. north of Warsaw [see Oct 30, Dec 27]. Popieluszko was beatified in 2010.
    (www.wordiq.com/definition/Jerzy_Popieluszko)(AFP, 6/6/10)

1986        Oct 19, Mozambique Pres. Samora Machel was killed in a plane crash as he returned from a conference in Zambia. He had aided Nelson Mandela’s ANC party in fighting apartheid. 34 others also died in the crash.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A14)(www.cidob.org/bios/castellano/lideres/c-016.htm)(AP, 10/19/06)

1987        Oct 19, US Navy warships disabled the 1st of 3 Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf in retaliation for an Iranian missile attack on a U.S.-flagged tanker off Kuwait. [see Apr 18, 1988]
    (AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/02)
1987        Oct 19, The stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, amid frenzied selling, plunged 508 points, 22.6%,-- its biggest-ever one-day decline.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.253)(TMC, 1994, p.1987)(AP, 10/19/97)
1987        Oct 19, Jacqueline du Pre (42), British cellist, died of multiple sclerosis.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacqueline_du_Pr%C3%A9)

1988        Oct 19, The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Oakland A's 4-3 in game four of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1988        Oct 19, Britain banned broadcast interviews with IRA members. Douglas Hurd introduced a notice under clause 13(4) of the BBC License and Agreement and section 29(3) of the Broadcasting Act 1981 prohibiting the broadcast of direct statements by representatives or supporters of eleven Irish political and military organizations.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988)(http://tinyurl.com/f857x)
1988        Oct 19, Eight Israeli soldiers were killed in a suicide car bomb attack in south Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1988        Oct 19, Three West Germans were named winners of the Nobel Prize in chemistry; three Americans received the Nobel Prize in physics: Melvin Schwartz (1933-2006), Leon Lederman and Jack Steinberger won for their research into the innermost structure and dynamics of matter. They won for discovering the subatomic particle called the muon neutrino. In 2015 Lederman sold his Nobel Prize at auction for $765,002.
    (AP, 10/19/98)(SFC, 8/29/06, p.B5)(SFC, 5/30/15, p.A5)

1989        Oct 19, Camilo Jose Cela of Spain received the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (AP, 10/19/99)
1989        Oct 19, The US Senate rejected a proposed constitutional amendment barring desecration of the American flag.
    (AP, 10/19/99)
1989        Oct 19, The Guildford Four, cleared from earlier conviction for the 1975 IRA bombings of public houses in Guildford and Woolwich, England, were cleared of all charges after 14 years in prison. Sarah Conlon (1926-2008) struggled for years to clear her son, Gerry Conlon, imprisoned as one of the Guildford Four. Conlon's autobiography, "Proved Innocent" (1990), became the basis for the 1993 film, "In the Name of the Father," starring Daniel Day-Lewis as Conlon.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7dyb2)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.88)(AP, 6/21/14)

1990        Oct 19, The Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A’s 8-to-3, taking a three games-to-none lead in the World Series.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1990        Oct 19, Iraq ordered all foreigners in occupied Kuwait to report to authorities or face punishment.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1990        Oct 19, The Supreme Soviet voted to approve President Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s economic reform plan.
    (AP, 10/19/00)

1991        Oct 19, In Louisiana former Gov. Edwin Edwards and former Ku Klux Klansman David Duke won runoff slots in the state's gubernatorial primary.
    (AP, 10/19/01)

1992        Oct 19, President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot met in their third and final campaign debate, in East Lansing, Mich.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1992        Oct 19, Maurice le Roux, French conductor and composer (Contes immoraux), died.
    (www.worldofquotes.com/history/10_19/7)

1993        Oct 19, The Toronto Blue Jays took a 2-1 lead in the World Series by defeating the Philadelphia Phillies 10-3.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1993        Oct 19, The United States intercepted its first ship bound for Haiti since an oil and weapons embargo was reimposed by United Nations.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1993        Oct 19, Benazir Bhutto was returned to the premiership of Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/19/98)

1994        Oct 19, Entertainer Martha Raye died in Los Angeles at age 78.
    (AP, 10/19/99)
1994        Oct 19, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed 22 Israelis and wounded 48 in a bus explosion in the heart of Tel Aviv's shopping district. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 10/19/99)

1995        Oct 19, Ignoring a veto threat, the House passed a Republican plan for overhauling Medicare by raising premiums for the elderly and disabled and saving billions from hospital and doctor fees.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1995        Oct 19, Firefighters in western China extinguished a 100 year old blaze in an untapped coal deposit and saved 5.5 mil. tons of coal reserves in the Baiyanghe mine in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The fire had consumed 300,000 tons of coal a year.
    (WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A-1)
1995        Oct 19, Croatian leader Tudjman said he will hold forces back from a Serb held area of Croatia during peace talks.
    (WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A-1)

1996        Oct 19, President Clinton said in his radio address that states would lose a percentage of federal highway aid if they did not bar young people from drinking and driving.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1996        Oct 19, In the Republican radio address, Bob Dole claimed credit for putting Democrats on the defensive over their acceptance of foreign political contributions.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1996        Oct 19, In Guatemala Rafael Augusto Valdizon, rebel commander, was captured in connection with the September kidnapping of 86-year-old Olga Novella, wife of a cement company owner. He negotiated his freedom in exchange for her release. She was released and he disappeared.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)(SFC, 10/31/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 19, In Russia Boris Yeltsin appointed Ivan Rybkin as Sec. of The National Security Council.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, A15)

1997        Oct 19, The Cleveland Indians defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 in game two of the World Series, evening the series at one game apiece.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1997        Oct 19, Special U.S. envoy Dennis Ross arrived in Israel for another round of meetings in an effort to push the Mideast peace process forward.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1997        Oct 19, Hungarian-born George Soros, American financier and philanthropist, said he would spend some $500 million over 3 years in Russia to improve health care, expand educational opportunities, and help retrain the military for civilian jobs.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 19, It was reported that British scientists had created a frog embryo without a due by manipulating genes. It was believed that the technique could be adopted to grow human organs.
    (SFEC, 10/19/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 19, In Columbia leftist rebels killed Pablo Antonio Hernandez, a mayoral candidate in Saravena and wounded another in Yumbo.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 19, In Germany Gunter Grass presented the peace prize of the German book-publishing industry to Yasar Kemal, a Turkish author. Grass criticized his compatriots as "closet racists."
    (SFC, 10/21/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 19, In Montenegro Milo Djukanovic beat pro-Milosevic incumbent Momir Bulatovic for the presidency.
    (SFC, 10/21/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 19, In Palestine Sheik Ahmed Yassin, founder of Hamas, announced a halt in attacks against Israel.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 19, From Russia it was reported that Aman Tuleyev was elected as Communist governor of Kemerova, also known as Kuzbass, a region in western Siberia.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 19, In Sierra Leone at least 70 people fleeing air raids in Freetown were killed when their truck overturned. Nigerian jets were bombing the city and at least 10,000 people had already fled.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 19, In Bilbao, Spain, the new Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was scheduled to open. The 256,000 sq. ft. titanium, limestone and glass structure was designed by American architect Frank Gehry and funded entirely by the Basque regional government under the direction of Thomas Krens, director of the Guggenheim.
    (WSJ, 7/2/96, p.A12)(USAT, 10/8/97, p.1D)(WSJ, 10/16/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 19, In Spain Pilar Miro, film director, died in Madrid at age 57. Her films included “Beltenebros," “Gary Cooper Is in Heaven," “Bird of Happiness," “The Dog in the Manger," and the 1979 expose “The Cuenca Crime."
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A19)
1997        Oct 19, In Sri Lanka Navy gunboats attacked a convoy of rebel boats and more than 100 Tamil insurgents were claimed to have been killed.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)

1998        Oct 19, The New York Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the 3rd game of the Baseball World Series 5 to 4.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 19, Mike Tyson got his boxing license back after pleading with the Nevada Athletic Commission not to "torture" him anymore for biting Evander Holyfield's ears in the ring 15 months earlier.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
1998        Oct 19, The trial of Microsoft Corp. began in Washington on antitrust charges of stifling competition.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/99)
1998        Oct 19, In Miami, the first class-action lawsuit brought by smokers against the tobacco industry went to trial. Jurors later found the nation's largest cigarette makers and industry groups had produced a defective and deadly product.
    (AP, 10/19/99)
1998        Oct 19, In Colorado a series of arson fires were set at Vail. The Earth Liberation Front later claimed responsibility for the fires that caused $12 million in damage. In 2006 4 people were indicted for the Vail blaze. The same 4 had already been indicted for sabotage attacks in California, Oregon and Wyoming. 2 of the 4 were still at large.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 5/19/06, p.A4)
1998        Oct 19, In Tennessee Tommy Burks, the state incumbent Democrat Senator, was shot and killed at his 1,000 acre hog farm near Monterey. His rival, Byron (Low Tax) Looper, was arrested a week later for the killing.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 19, In Israel an assailant threw 2 hand grenades into the central bus station of Beersheba and injured at least 30 people. 67 people were wounded and the incident cast a pall over the peace negotiations in Washington. A Palestinian from the West Bank, Salem Rajab al-Sarsour (29), was caught and confessed. Israel suspended negotiations with the Palestinians on issues other than security after a bloody attack at an Israeli bus stop.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)(AP, 10/19/99)   
1998        Oct 19, In Congo 16 Zimbabwean soldiers were captured by the rebels.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)
1998        Oct 19, In Georgia an army mutiny failed after 200 troops opposed to Pres. Shevardnadze surrendered. 4 rebels and one government soldier were killed.
    (WSJ, 10/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 19, In Sierra Leone a firing squad executed 24 soldiers for taking part in the May, 1997, coup.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998        Oct 19, A Spanish judge filed a motion for the extradition of Gen’l. Pinochet from England that encompassed 94 cases of genocide, as well as the deaths of 79 Spaniards who were killed in Chile after being abducted by an alliance of south American intelligence services.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)

1999        Oct 19, The Atlanta Braves won the National League pennant by beating the New York Mets, 10-to-9, in Game Six of their championship series.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1999        Oct 19, Legislation to overhaul the nation’s campaign finance laws fell to a filibuster by Senate Republicans for the fourth straight year.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1999        Oct 19, Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia began trading on Wall Street with 7.2 million shares at 18. It closed at 35.56. World Wrestling also made its debut with 10 million shares at 17. It closed at 25.25.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 19, A 2-year Rand analysis concluded that the drug pyridostigmine bromide could not be excluded as a contributor to Gulf War syndrome. The drug was an experimental nerve gas antidote given to as many as 300,000 US troops during the Persian gulf war.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 19, In Cambodia Prime Minister Hun Sen reportedly gave his approval for a tribunal to hear genocide charges against the Khmer Rouge.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 19, In East Timor refugees were returning at the rate of 500 per hour and 17,000 were expected by the end of the day.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Oct 19, In Germany tens of thousands of workers marched through Berlin to protest the government's austerity budget and the pay gap between workers in the east and west.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 19, In eastern India residents of the state of Orissa cleaned up after a cyclone killed at least 79 people and injured over 1000.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 19, In Indonesia the People's Consultative Assembly relinquished the national claim to East Timor.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 19, In Nigeria US Sec. of State Albright recommended that US aid to the country be increase 4 times the current level. The extradition of drug lords as also discussed with Pres. Obasanjo.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999        Oct 19, Puerto Rico Gov. Pedro Rossello told a US congressional committee that live firing exercises on Vieques could not be resumed.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A7)

2000        Oct 19, A panel of US scientists recommended that the FDA ban the drug ingredient phenylpropanolamine (PPA), a common ingredient in decongestants and appetite suppressants due to the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in young women.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 19, It was reported that scientists had brought to life 4 strains of bacteria entombed in salt crystals of New Mexico rock for 250 million years.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 19, In East Timor Jose Ramos-Horta, Nobel Peace laureate, was sworn in as the foreign minister.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 19, Israeli soldiers fought with Palestinian militiamen in the West Bank and 2 people were killed with 18 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 19, In the Philippines at least 9 people were reported killed and 11 wounded in several attacks by the MILF.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 19, In Sri Lanka a suicide bomber killed himself, 2 other people and injured 21 in Colombo after police challenged him near the Town Hall.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.a16)

2001        Oct 19, Pres. Bush met with China’s Pres. Zemin on the eve of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, US special forces attacked a Taliban stronghold in Kandahar in the 1st known ground action involving US troops.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, Two US military personnel were killed in a helicopter accident in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, The FBI identified the Trenton, NJ, mailbox from which the anthrax letters were sent to NYC and Washington. Two more people were reported to be infected bringing the total to 8.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 19, In Philadelphia luggage, from a baggage locker that was deposited Sep 29, was found to contain C-4 plastic explosives.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 19, Enron Corp. froze the assets in its 401 (k) employee retirement plan and barred employees from selling company stock trading at $32.20. Employee stock was unfrozen Nov 19 with shares at $11.69.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)
2001        Oct 19, In Afghanistan some 3,500 refugees arrived near the Pakistani border town of Chaman, the largest number to date. The number had averaged about 2,000.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A6)
2001        Oct 19, EU leaders pledged their continued support for the US-led campaign in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 19, A refugee ship, enroute from Indonesia to Australia, carrying some 353 emigrants from Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Palestine and Algeria, sank off the island of Java. 44 people survived.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.C1)(AP, 2/3/06)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.49)
2001        Oct 19, Israeli troops and tanks invaded Bethlehem and left 6 Palestinians dead. A Palestinian fighter was killed in Ramallah.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 19, Digna Ochoa (38), a prominent human rights lawyer, was found shot to death in Mexico City. She was shot once in the left leg and again in the head. In 2003 a prosecutor said her death was a probable suicide.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A22)(AP, 7/19/03)

2002        Oct 19, In York, Pa., former mayor Charlie Robertson was acquitted and two other men were convicted in the shotgun slaying of Lillie Belle Allen, a young black woman, during race riots that tore the city apart in 1969.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2002        Oct 19, In Ashland, Va., Jeffrey Hopper (37) was shot and seriously wounded in what appeared to be another sniper attack. The sniper left a note that included a request for $10 million and threats to focus on children.
    (SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/07)
2002        Oct 19, A rebel group in Congo said that it recaptured a strategic port in the eastern part of the country and took dozens of prisoners after heavy fighting.
    (AP, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 19, Greeks traveled to their hometowns for the second time in two weeks, to participate in runoff local elections seen as an important test for the long-governing Socialists.
    (AP, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 19, Indonesian police arrested Abu Bakar Bashir (Abubakar Baasyir), a militant Muslim cleric, in a terror probe hours after the government issued two emergency anti-terror decrees to strengthen its hand after the Bali car bomb carnage. Bashir was hospitalized Oct 18.
    (Reuters, 10/19/02)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A11)
2002        Oct 19, Irish residents endorsed the European Union's plans to expand eastward. 63 percent of voters in the referendum approved the expansion proposal, which will admit up to 12 new members and bring the EU's membership to almost 500 million.
    (AP, 10/21/02)
2002        Oct 19, In Indian Kashmir at least 4 suspected militants were shot dead while others detonated a bomb, killing a policeman and wounding 15 people.
    (Reuters, 10/19/02)
2002        Oct 19, In Mexico Manuel Alvarez Bravo (100), a photographer whose remarkable 80-year portfolio contained everything from mystical portraits of a bygone era to the striking realism of murdered laborers, died.
    (AP, 10/20/02)
2002        Oct 19, In Russia a car bomb exploded at a packed McDonald's restaurant in Moscow, injuring at least seven people. A boy (17) died later from injuries.
    (AP, 10/19/02)(SFC, 10/21/02, p.A5)

2004         Oct 19, The New York Yankees defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 to even the World Series at one game apiece.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2003        Oct 19, President Bush met with Thailand's PM Thaksin Shinawatra and pressed him to help restore democracy in neighboring Myanmar. Some 1,000 protesters marched in downtown Bangkok on against a summit of 21 economic leaders.
    (AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 19, Pres. Bush said he would consider a deal promising not to attack North Korea as long as the guarantee is not a formal treaty.
    (SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 19, Afghan movie "Osama" by director Siddiq Barmak won the top prize at Montreal's New Movie and New Media Festival, one of the first features produced in Afghanistan and nominated since the fall of the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, New York magician David Blaine left his clear plastic box and began recovering from 44 days dangling near the River Thames.
    (AP, 10/20/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Oct 19, In Bolivia Pres. Carlos Mesa swore in a new Cabinet with most ministers independent of the political establishment.
    (SFC, 10/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Oct 19, Alija Izetbegovic (78) died in Sarajevo. He led Bosnia's Muslims during the 1992-95 war for independence and became one of the republic's first postwar presidents.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, In Chechnya Akhmad Kadyrov was inaugurated as president.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, Colombian military killed Edgar Gustavo Navarro, the No. 2 leader of FARC, along with 10 others. The guerrilla commander was accused of kidnapping 3 US military contractors and carrying out a string of assassinations and bombings.
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 19, An Italian coast guard crew found 13 bodies on board a rickety wooden boat in waters off Sicily and 15 other would-be illegal Somali immigrants suffering from exposure and badly in need of food and water. Some 50 bodies were consigned to the sea before the boat was found.
    (AP, 10/20/03)(Econ, 10/25/03, p.48)
2003        Oct 19, Palestinian gunmen attacked an Israeli army foot patrol near a West Bank village, killing three soldiers and wounding a fourth.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, In Romania government leaders held an emergency session as many voters avoided the polls, throwing into doubt a referendum on a new constitution aimed at helping the country join the European Union.
    (AP, 10/19/03)
2003        Oct 19, The nationalist Swiss People's Party won elections to become the leading party in the lower house of parliament.
    (AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A8)
2003        Oct 19, Pope John Paul beatified Mother Teresa before a crowd of 300,000.
    (AP, 10/19/03)

2004        Oct 19, Paul H. Nitze (97), US Cold War strategist, died. In 2009 Nicholas Thompson authored “The Hawk and the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and the History of the Cold War."
    (SFC, 10/21/04, p.B7)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.98)
2004        Oct 19, Thirteen people were killed when a Corporate Airlines commuter turboprop crashed near Kirksville, Missouri. 2 survived with only broken bones.
    (www.airsafe.com/events/fatal04.htm)
2004        Oct 19, Britain’s Man Booker Prize and a $90,000 check was awarded to Alan Hollinghurst for his novel “The Line of Beauty."
    (SFC, 10/20/04, p.E2)(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.M1)
2004        Oct 19, British prosecutors charged radical Islamic cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri with incitement to murder for allegedly urging followers to kill Jews and other non-Muslims. The indictment pre-empted a U.S. bid to extradite him on terror charges.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, Canada raised its interest rates .025% from 2.25 to 2.50%.
    (WSJ, 10/20/04, p.A15)
2004        Oct 19, UN officials warned that the spread of AIDS in Ecuador's most populated province is reaching levels comparable to Africa and the Caribbean a decade ago and could mushroom into a national epidemic if left unchecked.
    (AP, 10/20/04)
2004        Oct 19, More than 40,000 people took to the streets in Europe to protest against plans by US auto giant General Motors to axe about one-fifth of its workforce in the region and possibly even close a plant.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, In France 2 Muslim girls who refused to remove their head scarves in class were expelled from their schools, and two more risked the same fate.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, Margaret Hassan, the British director of CARE International's operations in Iraq, was abducted from her car in Baghdad. She was killed on Nov 16. In 2005 Iraqi forces arrested 5 suspects who confessed to kidnapping and murdering Margaret Hassan. In June, 2006, Mustafa Mohammed Salman al-Juburi was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of aiding and abetting the kidnappers. His sentence was later reduced on appeal. In 2008 Ali Lutfi al-Rawi was arrested after he allegedly phoned the British Embassy in Baghdad to demand $1 million in exchange for information about the location of Hassan's remains. In 2009 a judge sentenced Ali Lutfi al-Rawi (36) to life in prison after a one-day trial in Baghdad. He faced charges of kidnapping, murder and extortion. In 2010 Ali Lutfi al-Rawi escaped from prison.
    (AP, 10/19/04)(AFP, 5/1/05)(AP, 6/5/06)(AP, 6/2/09)(AP, 4/5/10)(AFP, 8/22/10)
2004        Oct 19, A mortar attack on an Iraqi National Guard headquarters north of Baghdad killed four guardsmen and wounded 80 others.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, Typhoon Tokage (Lizard), the biggest typhoon to hit Japan in more than a decade, roared over the country's main island with heavy rain and fierce winds leaving at least 16 people dead and 12 others missing.
    (AFP, 10/20/04)(SFC, 10/21/04, p.A3)
2004        Oct 19, Thousands of sex workers from across South Korea rallied, protested a crackdown on prostitution and called for the resignation of the minister of gender equality. South Korea's sex industry accounts for more than four percent of gross domestic product, with its annual sales estimated at 24 trillion won (21 billion dollars) last year.
    (AFP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, Myanmar's state radio and television announced that PM Gen. Khin Nyunt was replaced by a top member of the country's ruling junta, Lt. Gen. Soe Win.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, In Peru police fired on coca growers protesting government eradication of their cocaine producing crop, killing two of the farmers after they attacked a police station near the southern border.
    (AP, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said villages throughout Sudan's Darfur region face an "unprecedented food crisis," worse than the threat of famine in recent decades.
    (Reuters, 10/19/04)
2004        Oct 19, A Thailand tiger zoo housing hundreds of the big cats was shut down as bird flu tests confirmed 23 tigers had died of the virus since Oct 14, and another 30 had fallen ill. They caught the flu from feeding on chicken carcasses.
    (AFP, 10/20/04)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.36)

2005        Oct 19, The Houston Astros defeated the St. Louis Cardinals for the National League title. They will face the Chicago White Sox in the World Series.
    (WSJ, 10/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 19, US envoy Bill Richardson toured a North Korean nuclear facility and held a second day of talks with government officials as part of his efforts to encourage Pyongyang to dismantle its atomic weapons program.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Environmentalists sued the US Navy alleging that a widely used from of sonar for detecting enemy submarines disturbs and sometimes kills whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 10/20/05, p.A6)
2005        Oct 19, Cisco Systems Inc. said it will spend $1.1 billion in India over the next three years in the company's largest investment outside the United States.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Dell, the world's largest personal computer producer, announced it was setting up a major customer call center in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Lashaun Harris (23) threw her 3 children into San Francisco Bay near Fishermen's Wharf. The body of a third sibling was recovered. Harris had been staying with her children at a Salvation Army shelter in Oakland. She told authorities that voices had told her to throw her children into the water.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, Police in Bosnia arrested a cyber-jihadist who called himself Maximus. Mirsad Bektasevic, a Swedish teenager of Bosnian extraction, was sentenced to jail along with 3 others for plotting attacks to take place in Bosnia or other European countries. On his computer police found contacts with other jihadists in Europe including Younis Tsouli (Irhabi007), whom British police arrested 2 days later.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irhabi_007)
2005        Oct 19, Canadian police arrested a Rwandan man who is living in Toronto, charging him with crimes against humanity during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
    (Reuters, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Chile's Supreme Court stripped former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet of immunity from prosecution for corruption charges related to his multimillion dollar bank accounts overseas.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, China’s government said some 2,600 birds have been found dead of bird flu in northern China's grasslands, amid reports of new outbreaks in Europe and Russia.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Colombia's highest court approved a law allowing presidents to run for second terms.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, The International Organization for Migration (IMO) said "Ethiopian women and girls who migrate to Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen and Saudi Arabia suffer from maltreatment, physical, sexual and emotional abuses," in a report based on interviews with 443 women returning from the region.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, Hurricane Wilma swirled into the most intense Atlantic storm ever recorded, a Category 5 monster whose 175 mph winds and heavy rains were blamed for killing at least 11 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica as it bore down on Central America.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, A defiant Saddam Hussein pleaded innocent to charges of murder and torture as his long-awaited trial began with the one-time dictator arguing about the legitimacy of the court and scuffling with guards.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Iraq’s trial of Saddam Hussein on war crimes charges was adjourned to Nov 28 shortly after it began.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Iraqi police arrested Saddam Hussein's nephew in Baghdad, charging that he served as the top financier of Iraq's rampant insurgency. 3 US soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, Sunni-led insurgents killed 26 people in Iraq, including six Shiites who were lined up at a factory and gunned down in front of their fellow workers.
    (AP, 10/19/05)(SFC, 10/20/05, p.A15)
2005        Oct 19, Rory Carroll, 33, an Irish citizen who is the London Guardian's Baghdad correspondent, was kidnapped while on assignment. Carroll was released the next day.
    (AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19-2005 Oct 20, Police arrested total of 58 people for drug trafficking in Italy, Spain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Serbia-Montenegro. The arrests were a response to the Oct 16 murder of Italian politician Francesco Fortugno.
    (AP, 10/21/05)
2005        Oct 19, Two strong aftershocks from the Oct 8 deadly earthquake shook South Asia, unleashing landslides and setting off another wave of panic among survivors of the disaster. A new tally from officials in India and Pakistan pushed the death toll to 79,000.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Libya sent to prison for 18 months a blogger who criticized the government on the Internet. A Tripoli court convicted Abdel Raziq al-Mansuri of illegal possession of a handgun and sentenced him to 18 months' imprisonment. A rights group said that after detaining al-Mansuri, Libyan security officials searched his home and "found an old pistol that belonged to his father."
    (AP, 11/4/05)
2005        Oct 19, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski nominated conservative Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz as PM following the first meeting of the newly elected parliament.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Russia's Agriculture Ministry confirmed that the Asian H5N1 strain had been detected in the village of Yandovka, suggesting the dreaded virus might be spreading across a swath from Siberia to the shores of the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 10/20/05)
2005        Oct 19, A court officials said a Spanish judge has issued an international arrest warrant for three U.S. soldiers whose tank fired on a Baghdad hotel during the Iraq war, killing a Spanish journalist and one other. Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish television network Telecinco, died April 8, 2003, after a U.S. army tank crew fired a shell on Hotel Palestine.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, The UN said fighting and insecurity throughout Darfur is hindering food and relief aid to tens of thousands of people and forcing more displaced Sudanese into already crammed refugee camps.
    (AP, 10/19/05)
2005        Oct 19, Zimbabwean Archbishop Pius Ncube said he feared 200,000 of his countrymen could die by early next year because of food shortages he blamed on his government, and called for President Robert Mugabe's ouster.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2006        Oct 19, The St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Mets to win the National League pennant. They will face the Detroit Tigers for the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, In Hawaii the 10th annual fundraising parody Underpants Run was held in Kailua-Kona on the Big Island.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G2)
2006        Oct 19, A NY state judge ruled that Richard Grasso, former head of the NYSE, must return as much as $100 million of his $187.5 compensation package. In 2008 a state appeals court ruled that Mr. Grasso can keep all of his compensation.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.D3)(WSJ, 10/21/06, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/2/08, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 12,000 for the first time, ending at 12,011.73.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2006        Oct 19, In Fremont, Ca., Alia Ansari (37), a native of Afghanistan and mother of 6, was gunned down in mid-afternoon as she walked to pick up her children from school. Manuel Urango (28) was soon arrested on a parole violation as a person of interest. In 2007 was charged with Ansari’s murder. Urango was convicted of first-degree murder on March 11, 2008. On April 14 he was sentenced to 50 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A1)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.B1)(SFC, 3/10/08, p.B2)(SFC, 4/15/08, p.B3)
2006        Oct 19, In Texas a death-row inmate slit his own throat with a makeshift knife, committing suicide about 15 hours before he was scheduled to be executed. Michael Dewayne Johnson (29) was on death row for the 1995 killing of a convenience store clerk near Waco. Johnson had denied gunning down Jeff Wetterman (27), who helped pump gas at the family store off Interstate 35 near Waco. Johnson blamed his companion, David Vest, for the killing. Vest blamed the shooting on Johnson, took an eight-year prison term in a plea deal and testified against his friend. Vest is now free.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Phyllis Kirk (79), film and TV actress, died in Woodland Hills, California. She starred in the 1953 3-D film “House of Wax," and played opposite Peter Lawford in TV’s “The Thin Man" (1957-1959).
    (SFC, 10/24/06, p.B5)
2006        Oct 19, President Hamid Karzai called on NATO forces to use caution during military operations, a day after 20 civilians were killed. In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two children and a British soldier. In eastern Afghanistan gunmen ambushed a car carrying Afghan civilians working on a remote US military base and killed eight of them execution-style.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 19, In southeastern Bangladesh a herd of wild elephants rampaged through a village, killing five members of one family, including two children.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, In Brazil Judge Luiz Noronha Dantas handed down a 52-year sentence on four homicide counts and stripped Capt. Marcos Duarte Ramalho of his status as a police officer. Ramalho was the third police officer to stand trial and the first to be convicted in connection with the April 16, 2003, killings in the Borel shantytown on Rio's poor north side. Two more officers are set to stand trial for the killings.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 19, Ralph Harris (81), British economist and former head of the Institute of Economic Affairs, died.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.96)
2006        Oct 19, A court struck down sections of a Canadian anti-terrorism law, in a ruling that threw out warrants used to search the home of a reporter covering U.S. efforts to secretly send a Canadian terror suspect to Syria for interrogation.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, China stepped up its diplomatic efforts with North Korea, sending a personal message and a gift from the Chinese president to the North's leader Kim Jong Il as Washington appealed for cooperation by Asian powers on U.N. sanctions for Pyongyang's nuclear test.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, In Colombia a car bomb left by a person dressed in a military uniform exploded in the parking lot of a military university in Bogota, wounding at least 23 people, as a top general was at a conference nearby.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Queen Elizabeth II arrived in Estonia on the last leg of a landmark trip to the Baltic states, during which the 80-year-old monarch has repeatedly praised the Baltic people for their determined fight for freedom.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Ethiopia's PM Meles Zenawi told parliament that he had sent military trainers to help Somalia's struggling government, but had not deployed a fighting force. Yalemzewd Bekele, a human rights lawyer working for the European Commission in Addis Ababa, was arrested at the border with Kenya. Her arrest was likely related to the Oct 5 arrest of businessman Alemayehu Fantu.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.28)
2006        Oct 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a fuel tanker struck a major police station in the northern city of Mosul, killing 12 people and wounding 25. Another suicide car bomb detonated in Kirkuk killed 12 people and wounded 68. Fighting broke out in Amara after the head of police intelligence in the surrounding province, a member of the rival Shiite Badr Brigade militia, was killed by a roadside bomb, prompting his family to kidnap the teenage brother of the local head of the a-Madhi Army. At least 66 Iraqis died in fighting and sectarian killings.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, Italian police arrested 12 alleged members of a Mafia clan accused of drug trafficking and running an extortion ring that terrorized businesses in the Sicilian town of Messina.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, In Malaysia Altantuya Shaariibuu (28), a Mongolian model, was kidnapped outside the house of Abdul Razak Baginda (46), who heads the Malaysian Strategic Research Center think-tank. Shaariibuu was allegedly extorting Baginda following an affair that had begun in 2004. She was killed and her remains blown up with military-grade C-4 explosives and later found in an isolated area south of the capital Kuala Lumpur. In Nov. Malaysian PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi vowed there would be no cover-up over her murder. Abdul Razak allegedly abetted two policemen, Azilah Hadri (30) and Sirul Azhar Umar (35), to commit the murder. In 2008 a court acquitted Razak of charges of abetting the murder of Shaariibuu. In 2009 a Malaysian court sentenced two policemen to death on charges of murdering Shaariibuu. An Appeals Court acquitted the men in 2013. On Jan 13, 2015, a Federal Court unanimously ruled that the Appeals Court was wrong in reversing the findings of the trial court.
    (AFP, 11/9/06)(AFP, 11/16/06)(WSJ, 3/29/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/1/08, p.A8)(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 1/13/15)
2006        Oct 19, Mexico's Senate ruled there was no reason to oust Oaxaca's embattled state governor, eliminating the last formal legal recourse for thousands of protesters who for months have demanded the resignation of Gov. Ulises Ruiz. Jorge Bustos, a commander with the defunct Federal Security Directorate, was arrested in Mexico City in connection with the 1974 disappearance of six alleged guerrilla members. Bustos had arrested six members of the Brigada Lacandona, a 1970s guerrilla faction, who disappeared after Hidalgo state authorities turned them over to the federal intelligence agency.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 19, Nigeria's president declared a state of emergency in a troubled southwest state where he said the impeachment of the governor by the local legislature violated the constitution. Thirty-one of Nigeria's 36 state governors are being investigated for corruption, according to the country's financial crimes agency.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Russia forced nearly 100 foreign non-governmental organizations, including leading human rights groups, to suspend operations for missing a deadline for re-registration under a tough, new law.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to attend peace talks with the government this month in a breakthrough announcement after a week of bloody attacks left over 250 dead. In northern Sri Lanka 3 government soldiers were killed in attacks blamed on the Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Syrian authorities ordered prominent writer and pro-democracy activist Michel Kilo released on bail after more than four months in detention.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, Four ministers from President Viktor Yushchenko's Our Ukraine party resigned after the collapse of talks to create a broad ruling coalition in the ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/19/06)
2006        Oct 19, The UN Environment Program said the number of "dead zones" in the world's oceans had reached 200, an increase of 34% in 2 years, threatening fish stocks and the people who depend on them.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 19, A UN report said The North Korean government rounds up disabled people and sends them away from the capital Pyongyang to special camps, where they are sorted by their handicap and subjected to "subhuman conditions."
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2007        Oct 19,     Pres. Bush imposed new financial sanctions against Myanmar, freezing YS assets of 11 additional members of the military government.
    (SFC, 10/20/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 19,     A team of students from Germany's Technische Universitat Darmstadt won a weeklong competition on the Washington DC National Mall for the best, most efficient, and well-designed and -engineered solar home.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2007        Oct 19,     A battle in southern Afghanistan between US-led coalition forces and Taliban militants left more than a dozen of the insurgents dead.
    (AP, 10/20/07)
2007        Oct 19,     Armed with clubs and waving provincial flags, thousands of residents of Bolivia's wealthiest province seized control of Santa Cruz’s Viru Viru airport from troops sent in by President Evo Morales. The previous day Morales had ordered 220 troops to take control of the airport after workers threatened to block flights that did not pay landing fees to local officials rather than the national airport authority. Television footage showed a Venezuelan air force plane and uniformed personnel at the site.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.32)
2007        Oct 19,     A twin-engine plane crashed into the ninth floor of a suburban Vancouver apartment building, killing the pilot and injuring at least two people in the building. Six people were found dead in what police described as a graphic murder scene in an apartment building in a Vancouver suburb. Police later said the killings, which took place on the 15th floor of a suburban Vancouver apartment building, were related to gang activity. They said that two of the dead were murdered because they chanced upon the crime scene.
    (AP, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/23/07)
2007        Oct 19,     European Union leaders in Portugal endorsed a reform treaty to replace their failed European constitution and give the 27-nation union a more influential say in world affairs. The new Treaty of Lisbon created 2 new posts, a European foreign minister in all but name and a new standing president of the European Council.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.64)
2007        Oct 19,     Train service started back up throughout much of France but many commuters in Paris biked, roller-bladed and even used children's scooters as city transit workers kept up a second day of strikes against proposed economic reforms.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2007        Oct 19,     India and Pakistan reviewed their efforts to cut the risk of accidents involving nuclear weapons and discussed arms and security issues.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2007        Oct 19,     Lt. Col. William H. Steele (52), a former US commander at the jail that held Saddam Hussein, was acquitted of aiding the enemy by loaning an unmonitored cell phone to an inmate, but a military judge in Iraq convicted him of unauthorized possession of thousands of pages of classified documents and two other charges for which he received two years imprisonment after pleading for leniency.
    (AP, 10/19/07)
2007        Oct 19, In eastern Diwaniyah, U.S.-led ground forces backed by two Polish helicopters came under fire from machine guns and an anti-tank grenade launcher. No coalition casualties were reported, but two militants were killed. A roadside bomb exploded near a minibus full of Shiite civilians, killing at least three people and wounding nine as they went to visit relatives south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/20/07)
2007        Oct 19, A parliamentarian said that 61 of 120 Israeli lawmakers have signed a petition against any attempt by PM Ehud Olmert to transfer parts of Jerusalem to the Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/20/07)
2007        Oct 19,     In Indian Kashmir Rawathpora village residents claimed that Indian soldiers detained teacher Abdul Rashid Mir (26) outside a school, then tortured and fatally shot him while he was in custody. The Indian army said Mir was accidentally shot after he got into a squabble with an army patrol team. Violence quickly erupted.
    (AP, 10/20/07)
2007        Oct 19, In the Philippines a powerful explosion ripped through three floors of a shopping mall in the heart of Manila's financial district, killing 11 people, injuring scores and sending police and troops on the highest state of alert. Police later said a gas leak was the likely cause.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 19, Christopher Paul Neil (32), a Canadian schoolteacher suspected of sexually abusing boys, was arrested in rural Thailand and charged after a 3-year international manhunt that relied on digitally unscrambled photos and tips from the public. Neil later pleaded guilty to sexually abusing a 13-year-old boy and was sentenced to three years and three months in jail; he faces other charges involving the victim's younger brother.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(AP, 10/19/08)

2008        Oct 19, Pres. Bush signed a bill reauthorizing Amtrak for another 5 years.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.30)(www.planetizen.com/node/35658)
2008        Oct 19, Colin Powell, a Republican and retired general who was President Bush's first secretary of state, broke with the party and endorsed Democrat Barack Obama for president, calling him a "transformational figure" while criticizing the tone of John McCain's campaign.
    (AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 19, It was reported that California’s San Mateo County suffered potential losses of some $150 million due to the bankruptcy of Lehman Bros. The Lehman Bros. portfolio accounted for 5.9% of the county’s investment fund. County cities Daly City, Redwood City and San Bruno each racked up losses exceeding $1 million.
    (SSFC, 10/19/08, p.B1)
2008        Oct 19, In San Francisco over 20,000 runners took part in the 5th annual Nike’s Women’s Marathon. They raised over $18 million for leukemia and lymphoma research. Arien O’Connell (24) of NYC ran the fastest time, but did not win because she did not register as an “elite" runner. On Oct 22 Nike recognized O’Connell as “a winner" in the race.
    (SFC, 10/20/08, p.B1)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.B1)(SFC, 10/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 19, Richard Blackwell (86), actor turned fashion designer, died in Los Angeles. He claimed to be the first to make designer jeans for women. In 1960 he issued his first tongue-in-cheek criticism of Hollywood fashion disasters.
    (SFC, 10/21/08, p.B5)
2008        Oct 19, Hal Kant (b.1931), lawyer for the Grateful Dead (1971-2001), died in Reno, Nev. He led the Grateful Dead to incorporate, making it one of the first rock bands to offer health benefits and pensions.
    (WSJ, 10/25/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 19, Dee Dee Warwick (63), a soul singer who won recognition for both her solo work and her performances with her older sister Dionne Warwick, died in New Jersey.
    (AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 19, Taliban militants stopped a bus traveling on Afghanistan's main highway in the Maiwand district of Kandahar province, captured some 50 people on board and killed 26 of them with at least 6 beheaded. International and Afghan forces killed 34 Taliban fighters south of the Helmand provincial capital of Lashkar Gah.  In early 2009 Canadian military police charged Captain Robert Semrau of shooting and killing a man, described by the military police, as a "presumed insurgent," on or about October 19, 2008.
    (AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)(AP, 10/24/08)(Reuters, 1/2/09)
2008        Oct 19, China's communist leaders announced the approval of key rural reform that for the first time will permit farmers to lease or transfer their land in a change aimed at raising rural incomes and speeding migration from the farm to the cities. The policy change was approved a week ago at a high-level meeting.
    (AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 19, In Colombia Vladimir Vanoy (32), the son of a warlord extradited to the US on drug charges, was murdered by unidentified assailants at the gate to his condominium outside Bogota. Earlier this month a Miami judge sentenced Ramiro Vanoy to 24 years in prison on drug-trafficking charges.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 20, Our Lady of Kazan, Cuba's first Russian Orthodox cathedral, was consecrated amid church bells and the presence of President Raul Castro, in a sign of goodwill toward the island's former chief benefactor. Cuba's Russian community has dwindled to several hundred as most returned home following the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.
    (AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 19, The French Cabinet's spokesman said "swindlers" last month broke into the personal bank account of President Nicolas Sarkozy and swiped small sums of money. More than 30,000 demonstrators marched across Paris to denounce the conservative government's budget restrictions, job cuts and other controversial reforms in the public education system. On Oct 21 police arrested two men suspected of stealing the bank details of several people without realizing the identity of their victims. They are believed to have used small sums to pay mobile telephone bills.
    (AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/21/08)
2008        Oct 19, An Israeli businessman was kidnapped in Ghana. The kidnappers initially demanded $500,000 ransom, then lowered it to $300,000.
    (AP, 10/24/08)
2008        Oct 19, In India 2 people were killed and 12 injured after a bridge being built to extend New Delhi's six-year-old metro system collapsed onto a bus and cars.
    (AFP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 19, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki's ruling Shiite alliance said that parts of the draft security agreement that would keep US troops here for three more years needs more discussion and amendments before it can be approved. A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi police patrol killed two people and wounded 10 in southeastern Baghdad. A second roadside bomb in the same neighborhood blew up shortly afterward, wounding three other policemen traveling in car and four civilians in another vehicle. A US Marine died in a non-combat incident at Asad Air Base in the west of Iraq.
    (AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 19, Pakistan’s government said it may have to accept politically unpopular IMF assistance to ward off a possible economic meltdown if wealthy nations turn it down.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 19, The Philippine government said it would pay 50,000 (1,063 dollars) for every M-16 assault rifle surrendered by a communist insurgent who abandoned the long-running rebellion.
    (AP, 10/19/08)
2008        Oct 19, In Somalia 3 gunmen shot the employee of the UN Children's Fund, UNICEF, as he walked home in the southern town of Hudur.
    (AP, 10/20/08)
2008        Oct 19, South Korea announced a $130 billion economic rescue package, with $100 billion of this in the form of guarantees for foreign currency debts.
    (Econ, 10/25/08, p.52)
2008        Oct 19, Turkish warplanes again bombed Kurdish rebel hideouts across the border in northern Iraq. The bombings targeted four towns near the Turkish border.
    (AP, 10/19/08)

2009        Oct 19, US President Barack Obama unveiled a new policy on Sudan and warned Khartoum of more US pressure if it failed to respond to his fresh incentives to stop "genocide" and "abuses" in Darfur.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, US prosecutors were told in a new policy memo issued by the Justice Department that pot-smoking patients or their sanctioned suppliers should not be targeted for federal prosecution in states that allow medical marijuana.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, American scientist Stewart D. Nozette (52) of Chevy Chase, Md., was arrested for attempted espionage after passing classified information to an undercover FBI agent posing as an Israeli intelligence operative. In 2011 Nozette pleaded guilty to espionage and agreed to a 13-year prison term.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.A5)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A8)
2009        Oct 19, It was reported that almost 10% of SF Muni riders cheat on their fares.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.C1)
2009        Oct 19, Somer Thompson (7), a north Florida girl, vanished on her walk home from school. Detectives found her body partially covered by garbage on Oct 21 in a Georgia landfill, about 48 miles from where the girl disappeared.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 19, Organizers of the multimillion-dollar Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, an annual prize for good governance, said they had decided not to give out the award this year.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Afghanistan fraud investigators threw out hundreds of thousands of votes for President Hamid Karzai in the country's disputed August election. The findings set the stage for a runoff between him and his top challenger. Taliban militants set fire to 15 trucks carrying supplies to a military base in eastern Ghazni province. Afghan security guards killed two militants during the fighting. Two Afghan security troopers were killed in a gun battle overnight with Taliban fighters near Ghazni city.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Energy group Chevron announced a new natural gas discovery off Western Australia that will help support the massive Gorgon liquefied natural gas (LNG) project.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Costa Rica Michael Dixon (33), a British journalist, was last spotted leaving the Villas Macondo hotel in the popular surfers' resort of Playa Tamarindo, having traveled there on his own.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Oct 19, The EU agreed to give the dairy sector an extra $420 million in special aid in an effort to quell a season of unrest in agriculture. Meanwhile angry farmer pelted riot police with eggs and buckets of milk in Luxembourg.
    (SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 19, French police apprehended suspected ETA militant Aitor Elizaran (30) in a car park at the wheel of a stolen car in the Brittany seaside town of Carnac, along with a woman suspect, Oihana Sanvicente (32). They were soon charged with conspiracy to collaborate with a terrorist organization.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 19, In India in an interview published in the weekly magazine Open, Mupalla Laxman Rao, better known as Ganapathi, vowed to unleash a "tornado" of violence if the government goes ahead with a planned large-scale offensive against his Maoist forces.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, An Iraqi Army patrol in western part of Mosul shot dead an armed man, who was firing at the patrol. An American solider was killed and two others were wounded when a roadside bomb detonated near their vehicle in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 19, Israeli police arrested Donald Edward Nelson (59), a convicted American pedophile, in a hostel in the Old City of Jerusalem. Nelson was convicted last year in a California court on 52 counts of sexual abuse of minors and sentenced to 110 years in prison. He fled the US to avoid being jailed and was hiding out in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 19, Japan said it has caught 59 whales off Hokkaido, one short of the maximum allowed by international guidelines, under a research program that critics say is a cover for commercial whaling.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Kenya a 3-story building collapsed in Nairobi killing at least 6 people with 14 left missing.
    (AP, 10/20/09)(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 19, It was reported that Mexican biologists and park workers were racing to fell as many as 9,000 fir trees, infected with deadly bark beetles, and bury or extract infested wood before the orange-and-black monarchs start arriving in late October to spend the winter bunched together on branches, carpeting the trees.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Nigeria reported plans to offer inhabitants of its oil-producing Niger Delta region 10% of oil and gas ventures in a bid to end a rebellion that has hampered output for years.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Pakistani troops fought militants on three fronts and fighter jets bombed insurgent positions near the Afghan border as Pakistan pressed ahead with an assault on the country's main Taliban and al-Qaida stronghold. The offensive focused on eliminating Taliban militants linked to the Mehsud tribe, who control about half of South Waziristan and are blamed for 80% of the suicide attacks that have battered Pakistan over the last three years. Police said they had arrested Akhtar Zaman, a man identified as the head of the Pakistani Taliban, in the southern city of Karachi along with three other alleged militants in connection with a foiled attempt to attack an oil terminal last month.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Somali pirates seized a Chinese cargo ship with 25 people onboard. On Dec 27 a band of Somali pirates split a $4 million ransom to release the bulk carrier De Xin Hai, a Chinese cargo ship, and 25 sailors after two months in captivity.
    (AP, 10/19/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Oct 19, Sri Lankan shares tumbled after the US slapped fraud charges on Raj Rajaratnam (52), a billionaire Sri Lankan-born hedge fund manager, whose investments in the island came under a fresh "review." Rajaratnam had admitted funding the Tamils Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) soon after the December 2004 tsunami. The TRO was outlawed as a front of the separatist Tamil Tigers in both Sri Lanka and the United States in 2007.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Turkey tens of thousands of Kurds flocked to the Iraqi border to greet 34 PKK fighters and their sympathizers, who gave themselves up following a call by PM Erdogan to return home.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.63)
2009        Oct 19, In Uganda Pres. Museveni officially recognized the 300,000 strong Rwenzururu Kingdom under Charles Wesley Mumbere (56), who had inherited the title in 1966 at age 13. Museveni restored all the traditional kingdoms abandoned in 1967. Mumbere, who had moved to the USA in 1984 on a government scholarship, worked as a nurse’s aide in Maryland and Pennsylvania. 
    (SFC, 10/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 19, Uruguay's Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a law that has provided amnesty to military officials accused of murders, disappearances and other human rights violations during the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 10/19/09)

2010        Oct 19, In Texas Hosam Smadi (20), a Jordanian national, was sentenced to 24 years in prison. In May he had pleaded guilty to attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction. An FBI sting in 2009 had caught him trying to blow up a Dallas skyscraper.
    (SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/2ac44d8)
2010        Oct 19, TV and film Actor Tom Bosley (1927) died. His films included “The World of Henry Orient" (1964). He was best known for his role at the father in the “Happy Days" TV series (1974-1985).
    (SFC, 10/20/10, p.A8)
2010        Oct 19, The Afghan government said it had ordered an audit of all private banks following a corruption scandal that threatened to bring down the country's top lender. In the south 3 NATO soldiers were killed, bringing to 596 the number of foreign troops to die in the Afghan conflict so far this year. US officials said they have begun training Afghans on how to disrupt the flow of billions of dollars in cash being smuggled out of their country.
    (Reuters, 10/19/10)(AFP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, In Austria tens of thousands of students, backed by university staff, marched to demand more money for higher education.
    (SFC, 10/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 19, Bolivia and Peru signed an agreement giving Bolivia a dock, a free-trade zone and the right to run some naval vessels.
    (SFC, 10/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 19, Britain will lose thousands of troops, build new aircraft carriers, without new fighter jets, and delay a multibillion pound upgrade to its nuclear deterrent under sweeping defense cuts announced following the first major military review in more than a decade.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, In Chechnya Islamic insurgents including a suicide bomber stormed the Parliament, leaving six people dead and 17 injured in one of the most brazen attacks on the provincial capital in months. The dead included one parliamentary official, 2 policemen and 3 insurgents.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, China's central bank surprised with its first increase of interest rates in nearly three years. The People's Bank of China said it was raising benchmark rates by 25 basis points, taking one-year deposit rates to 2.5 percent and one-year lending rates to 5.56 percent. The impact was felt by markets across the board. Oil and gold prices tumbled, stocks turned negative in Europe and the dollar jumped.
    (Reuters, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Egypt's main satellite operator said it shut down 12 private television channels on grounds of violating broadcasting licenses. Egypt's largest opposition Islamist group said that police detained 164 Muslim Brotherhood members, most of them election campaign workers, in a spate of raids across the country.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Egyptian and South African leaders met in Cairo for talks aimed at strengthening economic ties between the two African powerhouses and working towards a free trade deal for the continent.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Human Rights Watch said in a report that Ethiopia is denying opposition supporters food, other aid, loans and government services in a widespread effort to suppress political dissent.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, European Union finance ministers sealed a deal to regulate the trillion-dollar hedge fund industry after Britain and France settled a long-running conflict.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, The European Commission said it will temporarily suspend its human rights complaint against France for its expulsions of Gypsies, or Roma, after Paris promised to alter some of its laws to match EU regulations.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, The EU announced plans for a five-year ban on animal cloning for food production as well as a traceability system for imports of semen and embryos of clones.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, In France masked youths clashed with police and set fires in cities across the country as protests against a proposed hike in the retirement age took an increasingly radical turn. Hundreds of flights were canceled, long lines formed at gas stations and train service in many regions was cut in half.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Deutsch Bahn’s high-speed train, ICE-3, became the first German train to pass through the Channel tunnel on its way to London’s St Pancras station.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.77)
2010        Oct 19, In Guinea 2 political demonstrators were killed by police in the capital, in one of several violent street clashes ahead of a planned presidential poll.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, India announced the creation of a tribunal to punish those who sully the forests or rivers or otherwise break its environmental laws, in the hopes of clearing a backlog of some 5,000 such cases languishing in a sluggish court system.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, In India the Microfinance Institution Network petitioned the Andhra Pradesh state high court to block new provisions designed to protect impoverished people. High interest and coercive loan collection by some microfinance groups had led to some 30 suicides.
    (SFC, 10/20/10, p.D7)
2010        Oct 19, In Ingushetia unidentified gunmen shot and killed a police officer in this southern Russian province hours after other Islamic insurgents raided Chechnya's regional parliament.
    (AP, 10/20/10)
2010        Oct 19, Iran said some Western companies were refusing to refuel its planes in Europe and warned it would "confront" such measures, which it deemed illegal under international law.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, In Iran Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez held talks with leaders expected to focus on boosting cooperation between the countries' oil, gas and petrochemical industries.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, In Iraq a bomb exploded near the house of a policeman in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit, killing his 6-month-old niece, both her parents and five other members of the same family. In Samarra a roadside bomb struck a police patrol, killing two policemen and wounding two. In Baghdad two bombs attached to buses exploded and wounded 15 Iranian pilgrims. Chief UN envoy AD Melkert finished meeting with Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and was leaving the Shiite city of Najaf when his convoy hit a roadside bomb. A member of the Iraqi security forces was killed and several others were injured in the attack.
    (AP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Nicaragua health officials reported 17 deaths and 600 suspected cases of leptospirosis in the past month. Most of the cases were in Leon and Chinandega.
    (www.osac.gov/Reports/report.cfm?contentID=123022)
2010        Oct 19, In Pakistan violence continued in the southern city of Karachi, with at least 16 people killed in different attacks, including eight in one incident.
    (Reuters, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, South African journalist Mzilikazi wa Afrika, arrested after writing about alleged police corruption, said a proposed media bill could transform a country known for being among Africa's most free and transparent to one more like autocratic Zimbabwe. He spoke at a protest of more than 300 people marching against the government's media proposals.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Tibetan students in western China marched to protest unconfirmed plans to use the Chinese language exclusively in classes, an unusually bold challenge to authorities that reflects a deep unease over the marginalization of Tibetan culture.
    (AP, 10/20/10)
2010        Oct 19, The UN said that 377 people had died in flooding in central and west Africa, with nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the rainy season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed by Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21), Burkina Faso (16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries reporting less than 10 dead.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 19, Two employees of the US Virgin Islands' tax bureau were accused of leading a scheme that pilfered as much as $500,000 from the government using fraudulent tax refund checks. Tax bureau employees Tiffanne Sutton and Colette Hacket-Browne and others had allegedly taken part in tax fraud since 2006.
    (AP, 10/20/10)

2011        Oct 19, The Obama administration said it has agreed to delay a $53 million arms sale to Bahrain because of the kingdom’s continuing crackdown on the opposition.
    (SFC, 10/20/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 19, US Marine Gen. John Allen, the top NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the international coalition has unleashed a new offensive against the Haqqani group, one of the country's most lethal militant networks, and will ramp up operations next year along the Pakistan border to better secure the Afghan capital before the US drawdown gathers steam.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, The US Export-Import Bank signed a deal with Nigeria aimed at providing $1.5 billion in financing for investments in the country's woefully inadequate electricity sector.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Afghanistan ousted lawmaker Simeen Barakzai ended her hunger strike after 18 days and a direct appeal by Subghatullah Mujaddedi, a revered elder who also served as the head of the upper house of parliament and briefly as president in 1992. A roadside bomb killed two NATO service members in the east. 5 Afghan soldiers and an officer were killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province. The first 200 French soldiers left Afghanistan, kickstarting troop withdrawals announced three months ago by Paris.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Brazil’s most wanted druglord, Alexander Mendes da Silva, was arrested in the Paraguayan city of Pedro Juan Caballero.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Britain’s Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) said an energy act, which aims to boost energy efficiency in residential homes, is now law.
    (Reuters, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, British police in riot gear used sledgehammers and crowbars to clear the way for the eviction of Irish Travelers from the Dale Farm site, in fields 30 miles (50 km) east of London, where they have lived illegally for a decade. There are estimated to be between 15,000 and 30,000 Irish Travelers in Britain, where they are recognized as a distinct ethnic minority.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Canada Jean Charest, the Liberal premier of Quebec, said he had asked superior court judge France Charbonneau to probe financial ties between construction firms and political parties dating back 15 years.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.46)
2011        Oct 19, Violence again hit Chile's capital as small groups of hooded youths clashed with police and marred an otherwise peaceful march by as many as 100,000 students demanding changes in public education.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Reports from China said many of the 6 million migrant workers employed in a massive railway buildup have not been paid for months, with some 10,000 kilometers (6,200 miles) of projects halted due to a lack of money.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, The German Aerospace Center said its retired ROSAT satellite, the size of a minivan, is hurtling toward the atmosphere and pieces of it could crash into the Earth as early as Oct 21. The 2.69-ton (2.4 metric ton) satellite was launched in 1990 and retired in 1999 after being used for research on black holes and neutron stars and performing the first all-sky survey of X-ray sources with an imaging telescope.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Greece new austerity measures won initial parliamentary approval as hundreds of youths smashed and looted stores in central Athens during a massive anti-government rally on the first day of a 48-hour strike against the austerity bill.
    (SFC, 10/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 19, In Indonesia at least three people were killed and more than 90 injured during a pro-independence celebration in the Papuan capital Jayapura. Local TV footage showed paramilitary police shooting into the crowd and beating participants with batons and bare fists.
    (AFP, 1/30/12)
2011        Oct 19, Iran’s governmental newspaper reported that the government has sentenced reformist journalist Abdolreza Tajik to six year in prison after he was convicted of propaganda against the regime.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, Kenyan jets struck in Somalia in a bid to rid the border area of Islamist rebels blamed for a spate of abductions, including that of a French woman who died in captivity. The foreign ministry in Paris announced the death of Marie Dedieu (66), a wheelchair-bound woman who was snatched from her beach house in the Kenyan resort of Lamu earlier this month and taken to Somalia by her kidnappers. The first attack reportedly saw the death of 73 Shebab. Kenyan deaths included five killed in a helicopter crash. 
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Kosovo Serb leaders, defying a NATO warning, refused to unconditionally lift their roadblocks in the north of the country. A day earlier the 5,500-strong NATO-led force in Kosovo, known as KFOR, said it will take unspecified "resolute" action if the Serbs fail to lift the blockade.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Liberia’s ex-warlord Prince Johnson, who came third in presidential polls, demanded 30 percent of Liberia's government from incumbent Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in exchange for his valuable support. Johnson reiterated concerns that a win by the Congress for Democratic Change's Tubman would lead to the implementation of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission report, which could see him tried for war crimes.
    (AFP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Libyan revolutionary forces fought building by building against the final pocket of resistance in Sirte, the last major city in Libya to have been under the control of forces loyal to the fugitive leader. 15 fighters were reported killed in a friendly fire incident.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Boko Haram sect members killed four people in three separate attacks in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, Oman published royal decrees that widen the powers of an 84-seat council that previously had only an advisory role. The members of the Shura Council can now take part in proposing laws to Oman's ruler and can also suggest changes in government regulations.
    (AP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, The Philippine navy apologized to China for accidentally ramming one of its fishing boats a day earlier near the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Romania's government approved a draft law that permits the building of an anti-ballistic interceptor site in the country as part of a US missile shield.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Syrian security forces and pro-government gunmen killed at least 10 people in the rebellious province of Homs. Tens of thousands of Syrians demonstrated in Aleppo, a huge show of support for the country's embattled president.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, The UN called on Damascus to end its incursions into Lebanon, which have left three Syrians dead in recent weeks, warning the raids could ignite tensions in the region.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)
2011        Oct 19, Thailand's new premier acknowledged that the country's flood crisis has overwhelmed her government, and she pleaded for mercy from the media and solidarity from the country in battling the relentless waters. The death toll in nationwide flooding reached 317, mostly from drowning, with nearly 9 million people affected and 27 of the country's 77 provinces still inundated. Bangkok's city government urged residents in seven northern districts of the city to move belongings to safe spots, but did not yet call for an evacuation.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, Turkish soldiers, air force bombers and helicopter gunships launched an incursion into northern Iraq, hours after Kurdish rebels killed 24 soldiers and wounded 18 in attacks along the border. The United States and NATO both issued statements supporting the offensive, the largest in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)

2012        Oct 19, In northern Afghanistan an explosion from a roadside bomb tore into a minibus carrying people to a wedding, leaving 19 dead and 16 wounded. Separately six football fans died and 36 were injured when their bus collided with a fuel tanker on a narrow road about 400 km (240 miles) northwest of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, In Bahrain a policeman died from injuries suffered the previous night from a blast in Eker, about 20 km (12 miles) south of the capital Manama.
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, Britain's financial regulator fined Bank of Scotland (BoS) 4.2 million pounds for failures in its systems which meant it held inaccurate mortgage records for 250,000 of its customers.
    (Reuters, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, Relatives of four British soldiers killed in the war in Iraq in 2003 won the right to sue the government for negligence, in a landmark appeal court ruling that could open the door for other claims. Families of some of the soldiers who lost their lives said Britain sent them to the front line with inadequate equipment.
    (Reuters, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, British engineers at Air Fuel Synthesis (AFS) in Teeside, northern England, said they have produced 5 liters of synthetic petrol over a period of three months. AFS said it has developed a way to create petrol from air and water.
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, Canadian police in the city of London said 8 girls have been arrested after an investigation into physical, emotional and online bullying of another girl at their high school.
    (Reuters, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, In Egypt the political party of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood elected Saad el-Katatny, a former speaker of parliament, as the new leader the Freedom and Justice Party to replace Mohammed Morsi, who resigned from the post after winning the country's presidential election. Several thousand protesters rallied in Cairo to demand the president and his Muslim Brotherhood supporters ensure the country's constitution represents all factions of society.
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, The EU mediated the first official talks between the leaders of Serbia and Kosovo, the bitter Balkan rivals, and Serbian PM Ivica Dacic said he is ready for a "historic compromise."
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, Seattle-based Starbucks inaugurated its first coffee house in India in a historical building in Mumbai.
    (SFC, 10/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 19, In southeastern Iran a suicide attacker running from the police detonated his explosives near a mosque killing two people.
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, In southwestern Iran a passenger bus carrying female students overturned killing 26.
    (AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck the pilgrim's bus near the town of Balad. After the bomb exploded gunmen opened fire on the bus from the roadside. 4 Pakistani Shiite pilgrims heading to a shrine died in the attack. 14 others were wounded. Gunmen shot dead a police lieutenant colonel who worked with the State Identity Directorate.
    (AP, 10/19/12)(AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, In Lebanon a car bomb ripped through eastern Beirut in the most serious blast this city has seen in years. 8 people were killed, including intelligence chief, Brig. Gen. Wissam al-Hassan. His probe over the summer led to the arrest of former Information Minister Michel Samaha, one of Syrian Pres. Assad's most loyal allies in Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/19/12)(AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, In Nigeria gunmen killed a Chinese construction worker in Maiduguri. An overnight raid in the nearby city of Potiskum left five others dead and several schools razed.
    (AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, In southwest Nigeria a bus carrying women crashed and plunged off a bridge into a river, killing at least 12 people. 6 people remained missing.
    (AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, Pakistan's top court recommended that the government launch legal proceedings against retired ISI chief Asad Durrani for allegedly bankrolling politicians running against the current ruling party in the 1990 election.
    (AP, 10/19/12)
2012        Oct 19, In Somalia a cargo ship was freed after being held captive for nearly two years. A $600,000 ransom was paid for the MV Orna, hijacked on Dec 20, 2010. Six hostages were still being held by the pirates on land. Pirates shot and killed one of the ship's crew members in August over delayed ransom payments.
    (AP, 10/20/12)
2012        Oct 19, In southern Yemen suicide bombers wearing army fatigues stormed into an army barracks. 14 soldiers were killed and over 20 wounded in the dawn assault in Abyan province.
    (AP, 10/19/12)

2013        Oct 19, The Obama administration announced it was releasing over $1.6 billion in economic and military assistance to Pakistan.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A3)
2013        Oct 19, In northern California two BART train workers were killed near the Walnut Creek BART station a day after BART workers went on strike. BART said the train was on a intenance run. A transit inisder later said the train was on a strike-related training run.
    (SFC, 10/21/13, p.C2)
2013        Oct 19, In Pennsylvania an SUV crossed a center line and ran into two motocycles. 4 people on the motorcycles and one person in the SUV were killed in Franklin County.
    (SFC, 10/21/13, p.A3)
2013        Oct 19, In Argentina at least 99 people were hurt, some seriously, in a train crash at the same Buenos Aires commuter rail stop where a deadly accident killed dozens just last year.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, In Belgium a plane carrying 10 skydivers, including one making her maiden jump for her birthday, crashed shortly after takeoff, killing everyone on board and the pilot.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, Belarus freed Paval Sevyarynets (36), a leading opposition politician. He had served three years forced labour for protesting against the iron-fisted rule of President Alexander Lukashenko.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, In southeastern Brazil animal rights activist clashed with police in front of a laboratory in Sao Roque that used dogs for drug tests.
    (AP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, The violin played by the Titanic's bandmaster as the ship sank beneath the waves sold at a London auction for £900,000 ($1.45 million, 1.06 million euros), a world record for memorabilia from the doomed liner.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, British actor and musician Noel Harrison (79), suffered a heart attack in Devon and died in a hospital. He sang the Academy Award-winning ballad "The Windmills of Your Mind," by French composer Michel Legrand and American lyricists Alan and Marilyn Bergman.
    (AP, 10/22/13)
2013        Oct 19, In Canada a train carrying crude oil and liquefied petroleum gas derailed west of Edmonton, Alberta, causing a fire, but no injuries.
    (Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, Colombia’s army said government troops have captured six rebels including Freddy Chona Payare, a member of the security team of the leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
    (AFP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, In Egypt a car bomb exploded near a military intelligence compound in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia, wounding six soldiers.
    (AP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, French Socialist Pres. Francois Hollande, under fire from the far left and members of his own party,  said that a 15-year-old girl who was detained in front of her classmates and expelled as an illegal immigrant can return to France. But the rest of the family cannot come with her.
    (AP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, Police in India said at least 32 people have died in Adampur village in Uttar Pradesh state after drinking toxic bootleg liquor.
    (SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 19, In Iraq  a car bomb on a commercial street in northern Baghdad killed 3 people.
    (AP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, In Italy a Milan appeals court set Silvio Berlusconi's political ban in his tax fraud conviction at two years. Demonstrators clashed with police as tens of thousands marched through Rome to protest against unemployment, government cuts and big construction projects they say take money away from social services.
    (AP, 10/19/13)(Reuters, 10/20/13)
2013        Oct 19, The Maldives sank further into political disarray when police blocked officials from conducting a presidential revote, saying that holding the election would violate a Supreme Court order.
    (AP, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, Hamas, its Gaza Strip stronghold cut off by the new military-backed government in Egypt, called upon rival Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas to end their six-year schism and form a unity government.
    (Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, Thousands of Portuguese protested against new wage and pension cuts in the country's 2014 budget and demanded the resignation of the government.
    (Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, Thousands of Romanians protested against plans by US energy group Chevron to explore for shale gas in a poor eastern region and a Canadian company's project to set up Europe's biggest open cast gold mine in a Carpathian town.
    (Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, In Somalia a suicide bomber killed at least 16 people, including 4 Ethiopian soldiers, in an attack on a cafe in Beledweyne, a town close to the Ethiopian border frequented by local and foreign soldiers fighting al Qaeda-linked rebels.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A7)
2013        Oct 19, Syrian rebels assaulted a checkpoint in a suburb of Damascus, setting off a suicide car bomb that killed 16 soldiers. More than 30 combatants from both sides died in the blast and ensuing clashes.
    (AP, 10/19/13)(Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013        Oct 19, In southern Thailand bombings and drive-by shootings killed 5 people and injured 13 others including 8 soldiers and 5 journalists.
    (SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 19, Tunisia said government forces have killed 9 "terrorists" and seized two tons of explosives in the north of the country where policemen died this week in a jihadist attack.
    (AP, 10/19/13)

2014        Oct 19, In New Hampshire Keene State College students cleaned up from a chaotic weekend after violent parties near the city’s annual pumpkin festival led to property damage and dozens of arrests.
    (SFC, 10/20/14, p.A5)
2014        Oct 19, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked several army checkpoints in Logar and Uruzgan provinces, killing at least 4 troops.
    (AP, 10/20/14)
2014        Oct 19, Australia's foreign minister said she had reached a deal with Baghdad for the deployment of about 200 special forces to assist Iraqi troops in their fight against jihadists.
    (AFP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 19, In Egypt 6 security force personnel were killed by a remotely detonated roadside bomb in the Sinai Peninsula as they patrolled a natural gas pipeline.
    (AP, 10/19/14)(Reuters, 10/24/14)
2014        Oct 19, Hong Kong police charged protesters gathered at a barricade early today, leaving many requiring medical treatment just hours after the government confirmed talks aimed at ending three weeks of pro-democracy rallies.
    (AFP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 19, Italy’s PM Matteo Renzi announced a tax break for mothers of about $101 per month for the first three years o their children’s lives.
    (Econ, 10/25/14, p.55)
2014        Oct 19, Libya's beleaguered elected parliament in Tobruk declared a formal alliance with renegade former general Khalifa Haftar, as it struggled to assert authority in a country many fear is sliding into outright civil war.
    (Reuters, 10/20/14)
2014        Oct 19, In southern Mexico federal police took control of 13 municipalities where local police are suspected of links to organized crime and possibly to the case of 43 missing students.
    (AP, 10/20/14)
2014        Oct 19, A Mozambican opposition party which came third in presidential and legislative polls said it rejected the results and would mount a legal challenge.
    (AFP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 19, North and South Korean troops exchanged gunfire along their fortified border in the second such shooting in less than 10 days.
    (AP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 19, The Swedish military said it had made three credible sightings of foreign undersea activity in its waters during the past few days amid reports of a suspected Russian intrusion in the area.
    (AP, 10/20/14)
2014        Oct 19, In Syria Islamic State fighters continued to hit Kurdish defenders in Kobani with mortars. The Observatory said 70 Islamic State fighters had been killed in the past two days.
    (Reuters, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 19, Tanzanian police shot dead Yahaya Omari (31) as he tried to escape while being transferred to Dodoma. He was suspected of carrying out bomb attacks in the tourist town of Arusha, including targeting a church and restaurant.
    (AFP, 10/20/14)
2014        Oct 19, In Thailand a tourist speedboat collided with a fishing vessel near Phuket. The bodies of two tourists from South Korea were found two days later.
    (SFC, 10/20/14, p.A2)(AP, 10/21/14)
2014        Oct 19, Pope Francis beatified Pope Paul VI, concluding the remarkable meeting of bishops debating family issues. They failed to reach consensus on the two most divisive issues at the synod: on welcoming gays and divorced and civilly remarried couples.
    (AP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 19, Yemen's Shiite rebels captured Yarim, a town south of Sanaa, in clashes that left 12 people dead. They also blew up the home of a rival Islamist politician in Yarim. Thousands in the Houthi-controlled port of Hodeida demonstrated to press demands for the rebels to leave the city.
    (AP, 10/19/14)

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