Today in History - October 19
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439 Oct 19,
The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, took Carthage in North Africa.
1031 Oct 19, Abbot Humbertus
van Echternach opened the grave of Saint Willibrord.
1216 Oct 19, John, King of
England (1199-1216) died at Newark at age 49. He signed the Magna
Carta and was excommunicated in 1209. King John was succeeded by his
nine-year-old son Henry. The Royal Menagerie was begun during the
reign of King John.
(HN, 10/19/98)(SFEC, 10/10/99, p.T3)
1268 Oct 19, Konradin von
Hohenstaufen, duke of Zwaben, was beheaded.
1298 Oct 19, Rindfleish: 140
Jews of Heilbron Germany were murdered.
1448 Oct 19, The Ottoman Sultan
Murat II defeated Hungarian General Janos Hunyadi at Kosovo, Serbia.
1453 Oct 19, In the 2nd Battle
at Castillon: France beat England, ending the hundred year war. [see
1466 Oct 19, The peace of Torun
ended the 13-year War of the Cities (1454-1466), between the
Teutonic knights and their own disaffected subjects in Prussia. The
Peace of Thorn (Torún) ended the war between the Teutonic knights (a
German military and religious order) and their subjects in Prussia,
led by King Casimir IV (1427-1492) of Poland. Poland was given
Pomerelia and West Prussia, and the knights retained East Prussia,
with a new capital at Königsberg (Kaliningrad). The knights,
formerly strictly a German order, were forced to accept Poles as
members and their grand master became a vassal of the Polish king.
1492 Oct 19, Columbus sighted
"Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas).
1547 Oct 19, Pierino del Vaga,
Italian painter, died at 46.
1553 Oct 19, Bonifazio
Veronese, Veneziano, [de' Pitati], Italian painter, died.
1581 Oct 19, Dimitri
Ivanovitch, Russian son of Ivan IV "the Terrible," was born.
1605 Oct 19, Thomas Browne
(d.1682), British writer (Garden of Cyrus), was born.
1630 Oct 19, In Boston the 1st
general court was held.
1682 Oct 19, Thomas Browne
(b.1605), British writer, died. The Norwich doctor wrote
mysterious-sounding books such as “Religio Medici” and “Pseudodoxia
Epidemica.” In 2015 Hugh Aldersey Williams authored “The Adventures
of Sir Thomas Browne in the Twentieth Century: The Life and
Afterlife of the Seventeenth Century’s Most Inquiring Mind.”
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Browne)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.71)
1722 Oct 19, French C. Hopffer
patented the fire extinguisher.
1739 Oct 19, England declared
war on Spain over borderlines in Florida. The War is known as the
War of Jenkins’ Ear because a member of Parliament waved a dried ear
and demanded revenge for alleged mistreatment of British sailors.
British seaman Robert Jenkins had his ear amputated following a 1731
barroom brawl with a Spanish Customs guard in Havana and saved the
ear in his sea chest.
(EWH, 4th ed, p.555)(HN, 10/19/98)(PCh, 1992,
1745 Oct 19, Jonathan Swift
(b.1667), Irish born clergyman and English writer (Gulliver's
Travels), died. In 1963 Prof. Edward Rosenheim (1918-2005) authored
“Swift and the Satirist’s Art.” In 1998 Victoria Glendinning
published the biography: "Jonathan Swift: A Portrait." In 2017 John
Stubbs authored “Jonathan Swift: The Reluctant Rebel”.
(WUD, 1994, p.1437)(SFEC, 8/1/99, BR p.8)(SFC,
12/1/05, p.B7)(Econ, 2/18/17, p.69)
1765 Oct 19, The Stamp Act
Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and
1781 Oct 19, Major General Lord
Charles Cornwallis, surrounded at Yorktown, Va., by American and
French regiments numbering 17,600 men, surrendered to George
Washington and Count de Rochambeau at Yorktown, Va. Cornwallis
surrendered 7,157 troops, including sick and wounded, and 840
sailors, along with 244 artillery pieces. Losses in this battle had
been light on both sides. Cornwallis sent Brig. Gen. Charles O'Hara
to surrender his sword. At Washington's behest, Maj. Gen. Benjamin
Lincoln accepted it. Washington himself is seen in the right
background of “The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown” by
artist John Trumbull. After conducting an indecisive foray into
Virginia, Lt. Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis retired to Yorktown on
August 2, 1781. On August 16, General Washington and Maj. Gen. Jean
Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, began marching
their Continental and French armies from New York to Virginia. The
arrival of a French fleet, and its victory over a British fleet in
Chesapeake Bay, sealed the trap.
(NG, 6/1988, p.808)(AP, 10/19/97)(HNPD,
1784 Oct 19, Leigh Hunt
(d.1859), English journalist, essayist, poet and political radical,
was born. He was a friend and advisor to Shelley and Lord Byron and
wrote the poems "Abou Ben Adhem" and "Jenny Kissed Me."
1784 Oct 19, John McLoughlin
(d.1857), Hudson's Bay Co. pioneer at Fort Vancouver and in Oregon
Country, was born in Quebec.
1793 Oct 19, Captain Napoleon
Bonaparte was promoted to chef de bataillon (major) giving him
greater voice in the councils of war and the siege of Toulon.
(ON, 2/12, p.5)
1805 Oct 19, Austrian general
Karl Mac surrendered to Napoleon’s army at the battle of Ulm.
1810 Oct 19, Cassius Marcellus
Clay (d.1903), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1812 Oct 19, French forces
under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.
(AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/98)
1814 Oct 19, Mercy Otis Warren
(b.1728), Massachusetts playwright, died.
1817 Oct 19, Tom Taylor,
British playwright, was born. His play “Our American Cousin” was
being performed at Ford’s Theater when President Abraham Lincoln was
assassinated by John Wilkes Boothe.
1818 Oct 19, US and Chickasaw
Indians signed a treaty.
1833 Oct 19, Adam Lindsay
Gordon, Australian poet, was born.
1842 Oct 19, US Commodore
Thomas ap Catesby Jones ordered the surrender of Mexican officials
in Monterey, Ca., on the mistaken belief that the US and Mexico had
gone to war. He soon learned of his error and returned Monterey to
(SFC, 1/9/04, p.D2)
1845 Oct 19, Richard Wagner's
opera "Tannhauser," premiered in Dresden.
1848 Oct 19, John "The
Pathfinder" Fremont moved out from near Westport, Missouri, on his
fourth Western expedition with 33 volunteers. The goal was to find a
railroad route across the Rocky Mountains. His failed attempt to
open a trail across the Rocky Mountains along the 38th parallel
ended with some of his men cannibalizing their comrades.
(HN, 10/19/98)(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.6)(ON, 12/06,
1850 Oct 19, Annie Smith Peck
(d.1935), one of the world’s renowned mountain climbers, was born in
Providence, Rhode Island.
1851 Oct 19,
Marie-Therese-Charlotte (b.1778), daughter of Louis XVI and
Marie-Antoinette died in Austria of pneumonia.
1853 Oct 19, Juana Maria, the
last living native of San Nicholas, the southernmost Channel Island,
died in Santa Barbara weeks after she was found living by herself on
the island. Her story later inspired Scott O'Dell's book: "Island of
the Blue Dolphins" (1960).
1858 Oct 19, Alice Josephine
McLellan Birney, child welfare worker, was born. Her ideas evolved
into the PTA.
1859 Oct 19, Georg Knorr,
German engineer (brake system trains), was born.
1862 Oct 19, Auguste Lumiere,
French film pioneer, was born. He made the 1st film: “Workers
Leaving Lumiere Factory.”
1864 Oct 19, Philip Sheridan
and his gelding horse Rienzi made their most famous ride to repulse
an attack led by Lt. General Jubal A. Early at Cedar Creek,
Virginia. Sheridan had been on his way back from a strategy session
in Washington, D.C. when Early attacked. The Union scored a narrow
victory which helped it secure the Shenandoah Valley. Thomas
Buchanan Read later wrote a poem, “Sheridan‘s Ride,” and created a
painting immortalizing the Union general and his steed.
(AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/98)(HNQ, 6/29/00)
1864 Oct 19, The northernmost
action of the American Civil War took place in the Vermont town of
St. Albans. Some 25 escaped Confederate POWs led by Kentuckian
Bennett Young (21) raided the town near the Canadian border with the
intent of robbing three banks and burning the town. While they
managed to leave town and hide out in Canada with more than
$200,000, their attempts to burn down the town failed. Most of the
raiders were captured and imprisoned in Canada and later released
after a court ruled the robberies in St. Albans were acts of war.
(HNQ, 12/9/98)(ON, 11/99, p.11)(MC, 10/19/01)
1870 Oct 19, The 1st blacks (4)
were elected to House of Reps.
1870 Oct 19, The British SS
Cambria left for the North Sea coast. 196 were killed.
1872 Oct 19, World's largest
gold nugget (215 kg) was found in New South Wales, Australia.
1873 Oct 19, Yale, Princeton,
Columbia and Rutgers universities drafted the first code of football
1879 Oct 19, Thomas Edison
demonstrated the electric light. [see Oct 21]
1882 Oct 19, Vincas Kreve
(d.1954), Lithuanian writer and poet, was born.
1890 Oct 19, Richard Francis
Burton (b.1821), explorer, British consul, translator, died. In 1893
Lady Burton published a biography of her late husband.
1895 Oct 19, Lewis Mumford,
American social critic who wrote “The City in History,” was born.
1901 Oct 19, Arleigh A. Burke,
admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross), was born in Colorado.
1901 Oct 19, Edward Elgar's
"Pomp and Circumstance" March premiered in Liverpool.
1901 Oct 19, Alberto
Santos-Dumont successfully circled Eiffel Tower in his Santos-Dumont
No. 6 dirigible within a half hour and won a 100,000 franc prize. An
initial ruling said that he failed by 40 seconds because the race
wasn’t finished until he touched ground. A 2nd vote granted him the
win. This proved the airship maneuverable.
(ON, 3/03, p.12)
1903 Oct 19, Vittorio Giannini,
composer, was born.
1905 Oct 19, Kiotalel arap
Samoei was murdered in Kenya's central Rift Valley. He led tribal
opposition to the construction of the so-called "Lunatic Express,"
the Kenya-Uganda Railway, from the Indian Ocean Port of Mombasa
through Nandiland in the Rift Valley to Lake Victoria. More than
12,000 people are believed to have been killed in a bloody 10-year
struggle over the railroad that began in 1895 when surveyors first
marked Nandi territory as a route for the tracks.
1906 Oct 19, The crew of Roald
Amundsen aboard Gjoe, a converted herring boat, arrived off the
coast of San Francisco following their crossing of the Northwest
Passage in a 26-month journey.
(SFC, 10/19/06, p.B1)
1911 Oct 19, A team, consisting
of Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, Oscar Wisting, and
Roald Amundsen set out from base camp Framheim on a 2nd to reach the
South Pole. They reach the South Pole on Dec 14.
1914 Oct 19, The German cruiser
Emden captures her thirteenth Allied merchant ship in 24 days.
1915 Oct 19, US recognized
General Venustiano Carranza (opposing Pancho Villa) as the president
of Mexico, and imposed an embargo on the shipment of arms to all
Mexican territories except those controlled by Carranza.
1915 Oct 19, The US Patent
Office granted John Van Wormer a patent for his "paper bottle." His
patent was later acquired by the American Paper Bottle Company. The
first paper milk carton was introduced in 1933.
1915 Oct 19, Russia and Italy
declared war on Bulgaria.
1916 Oct 19, Emil Gilels,
pianist (Brussels Competition-1938), was born in Odessa, Ukraine.
1916 Oct 19, Karl-Birger
Blomdahl, Sweden, opera composer (Herr von Hancken), was born.
1917 Oct 19, The first doughnut
was fried by Salvation Army volunteer women for American troops in
France during World War I.
1926 Oct 19, John C. Garand
patented a semi-automatic rifle.
1926 Oct 19, Russian Politburo
threw out Leon Trotsky and his followers.
1927 Oct 19, Marjorie
Tallchief, US-Osage ballerina (Harkness Ballet), was born. In 1997
Maria Tallchief wrote her memoir: “Maria Tallchief: America’s Prima
(WSJ, 4/17/97, p.A20)(MC, 10/19/01)
1931 Oct 19, John Le Carré,
British novelist who wrote “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold,” was
1931 Oct 19, Al Capone was
convicted. [see Oct 17]
1932 Oct 19, Austria forbade
demonstration by Nazis and antifascists.
1933 Oct 19, Dallas Egan,
condemned slayer, was executed at San Quentin after California Gov.
James Rolph agreed to allow him 8 ounces of good Kentucky bourbon
(SSFC, 10/19/08, DB
1935 Oct 19, Mao Tse Tung's
army reached Shanxi.
1936 Oct 19, H.R. Ekins of the
New York World-Telegram beat out Dorothy Kilgallen of the New York
Journal and Leo Kieran of The New York Times in a round-the-world
race on commercial flights that lasted 18 1/2 days.
1937 Oct 19, Peter Max
[Finkelstein], psychedelic artist (Dynamite Chicken), was born in
(MC, 10/19/01)(BGR, 10/19/03)
1939 Oct 19, Benita Valente,
soprano (Pamina-Die Zauberflote), was born in Delano Calif.
1939 Oct 19, Reichsmarshal
Hermann Goering began plundering art treasures throughout Nazi
1942 Oct 19, The Japanese
submarine I-36 launched a floatplane for a reconnaissance flight
over Pearl Harbor. The pilot and crew reported on the ships in the
harbor, after which the aircraft was lost at sea.
1943 Oct 19, Delegates from the
U.S.S.R. met with representatives from the Allied nations of Great
Britain, the U.S., and China, in an attempt to hammer out a greater
consensus on war aims, and to improve the rapidly cooling relations
between the Soviet Union and its allies.
1944 Oct 19, The play "I
Remember Mama," by John van Druten, opened at the Music Box Theater
1944 Oct 19, The Navy announced
that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer
Emergency Service (WAVES).
1944 Oct 19, The US Army 442nd
Regiment, composed of Japanese-Americans, fought their way into
Bruyeres, France. It included the 100th Battalion of
Japanese-Americans from Hawaii.
(SSFC, 9/11/05, p.E5)
1944 Oct 19, US forces landed
in the Philippines. [see Oct 20]
1945 Oct 19, Divine, [Harris
Glenn Milstead], cross-dressing actor-actress (Pink Flamingo), was
born in Baltimore, Md.
1945 Oct 19, Romulo Betancourt
began serving his first term as president of Venezuela and continued
to 1948. founded Accion Democratica.
1947 Oct 19, Yehudi Menuhin
(d.1999), violin maestro, married ballerina Diana Gould (d.2003 at
90), his 2nd wife, in London. Lady Diana later authored “Fiddler’s
(SFC, 2/1/03, p.A19)
1949 Oct 19, The People's
Republic of China was formally proclaimed.
1950 Oct 19, United Nations
forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.
(AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/98)
1951 Oct 19, President Truman
signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.
1953 Oct 19, Singer Julius
LaRosa, a regular on the CBS program "Arthur Godfrey Time," was
fired on the air by Godfrey, who accused him of lacking humility.
1953 Oct 19, America's
first ever non-stop transcontinental service began with flights by
American Airlines using DC-7 aircraft.
1954 Oct 19, Egypt and Britain
concluded a pact on the Suez Canal, ending 72 years of British
military occupation. Britain agreed to withdraw its 80,000-man force
within 20 months, and Egypt agreed to maintain freedom of canal
1957 Oct 19, "Damn Yankees"
closed at 46th St. Theater NYC after 1,022 performances.
1958 Oct 19, John Bloom, [Joe
Bob Briggs], drive-in movie critic, was born.
1959 Oct 19, William Gibson's
"Miracle Worker," premiered in NYC.
1960 Oct 19, US President
Eisenhower imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all
commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.
1960 Oct 19, Canada and the
United States agreed to undertake a joint Columbia River project to
provide hydroelectric power and flood control.
1960 Oct 19, The United States
and Mexico agreed to the co-construction of a dam on the Rio Grande.
1960 Oct 19, Martin Luther King
Jr. was arrested in an Atlanta sit-in.
1962 Oct 19, A Stalin monument
was removed in Prague.
1963 Oct 19, Beatles recorded
"I Want to Hold Your Hand."
1966 Oct 19, Elizabeth Arden,
US cosmetic manufacturer, died. In 2004 Lindy Woodhead
authored “War Paint: Madame Helena Rubinstein & Miss Elizabeth
Arden: Their Lives, Their times, Their Rivalry.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Arden)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.G1)
1967 Oct 19, Amy Carter, Pres
Carter's daughter and peace activist, was born.
1967 Oct 19, The US space probe
Mariner V flew past Venus.
1968 Oct 19, The Golden Gate
Bridge became the first major bridge in the world to offer one-way
(SSFC, 5/20/12, p.E10)
1968 Oct 19, Yasonari Kawabata
(1899-1972), Japanese novelist (Thousand Cranes) won the Nobel Prize
1969 Oct 19, J. Bock's and S.
Harnick's musical "Rothschilds," premiered in NYC and ran for 505
1969 Oct 19, US Vice President
Spiro Agnew referred to anti-Vietnam War protesters as “an effete
corps of impudent snobs.”
1970 Oct 19, Amdahl
Corp., a manufacturer of IBM mainframe compatible products, was
formed at Sunnyvale, California by Dr. Gene Amdahl, a former IBM
employee. In 1997 it became a wholly owned subsidiary of Fujitsu.
1970 Oct 19, John Linley
Frazier murdered Dr. Victor Ohta, his wife, 2 children and secretary
in Santa Cruz, Ca. He was convicted in Dec. 1971, and sentenced to
death. The sentence was changed to life in prison after the state
Supreme Court struck down capital punishment in California. In 2009
Frazier (62) committed suicide at Mule Creek State Prison.
1/27/05, p.B7)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.D6)
1970 Oct 19, In SF police
officer Harold Hamilton was killed after responding to a bank
robbery at the Wells Fargo branch at Seventh and Clement Street.
Later several officers were wounded when a bomb exploded outside
Hamilton’s funeral at St. Brendan Church.
(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)
1971 Oct 19, The last issue of
"Look" magazine was published.
1971 Oct 19, Pakistani soldiers
attack a village in Netrokona district of Bangladesh. At least 7
people were killed.
1973 Oct 19, President Richard
Nixon rejected an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate
1973 Oct 19, Peter Townshend
and The Who, an English rock group, released the rock opera album
(WSJ, 7/12/96, p.A9)
1976 Oct 19, Pres. Ford signed
the US Copyright Act of 1976, effective as of January 1, 1978. It
declared unpublished materials to be in the public domain when the
records are 100 years old or when the creator of the records has
been dead for fifty years, whichever date comes first. The act also
declared that records created before January 1, 1978 enter the
public domain in 2002, provided that they are over 100 years old or
the creator of the records has been dead 50 years. The act
established the “first sale doctrine,” which gives copyright holders
control of their goods until their first sale.
4/19/99)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.71)
1977 Oct 19, The body of West
German industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer, who had been kidnapped
by left-wing extremists, was found in the trunk of a car in
1977 Oct 19, The supersonic
Concorde made its first landing in New York City.
1978 Oct 19, The US League of
Savings and Loan Associations reported that the San Francisco Bay
Area had the highest housing costs in the nation.
(SFC, 10/17/03, p.E9)
1978 Oct 19, Gig Young
(b.1913), film and TV star, killed his bride of 3 weeks and then
committed suicide in NYC. Young had recently married his fifth wife,
a German art gallery employee named Kim Schmidt (31). He had met
Schmidt on the set of his final film, Game of Death, where she was
working as a script supervisor. Young was born as Byron Elsworth
Barr in St. Cloud, Minnesota.
1978 Oct 19, The Afghan flag
was changed. The national flag, also used as state and war flag, was
a 1:2 red flag with a yellow Soviet-like emblem in the canton. Red
symbolized the fight against imperialism, feudality and all other
kinds of oppression.
1979 Oct 19, Cyclone Tip,
considered the strongest and most intense storm on record, hit Japan
causing 68 deaths including 13 US Marines.
1982 Oct 19, Carmaker John
DeLorean was arrested in Los Angeles and charged in a
24-million-dollar cocaine scheme aimed at salvaging his bankrupt
sports car company. He was found not guilty due to entrapment on
August 16, 1984.
1983 Oct 19, The US
Senate established the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday as
the 3rd Monday in January each year. Dr. King was born on January
15, 1929. It was not until 2000 that it was recognized in all 50 US
1983 Oct 19, In Grenada an
extremist Marxist faction executed PM Maurice Bishop and 4 Cabinet
ministers. 17 men were later convicted of the killings during the
coup that prompted a US invasion. Their death sentences were later
commuted to life in prison. In 2005 they were allowed to appeal to
the London-based Privy Council. In 2009 Bernard Coard and the six
others — Dave Bartholomew, Callistus Bernard, Leon Cornwall, Liam
James, Ewart Layne and Selwyn Strachan — were released. Ten others
convicted in the killings, including Coard's wife, were previously
released. The bodies of Bishop and 10 men killed with him had not
(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)(AP,
6/29/05)(AP, 6/28/06)(AP, 9/5/09)
1984 Oct 19, In Palo Alto, Ca.,
Dennis Anderson (50) used a shotgun to kill Donald Mason, the former
boyfriend of his 20-day wife, and then beat and blasted his wife,
Karen Stoker-Anderson. He was convicted of double murder in 1985 but
the ruling was overturned on the basis of mental incompetence in
1995 and a retrial began in 1997. Anderson was sentenced 17 years to
life in prison.
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.D2)
1984 Oct 19, Jerzy Popieluszko,
Polish priest and dissident, was kidnapped by three secret police
officers after celebrating his last mass in Bydgoszcz, central
Poland. The priest was tortured to death before his body was thrown
into the Vistula river, 120 km. north of Warsaw [see Oct 30, Dec
27]. Popieluszko was beatified in 2010.
1986 Oct 19, Mozambique Pres.
Samora Machel was killed in a plane crash as he returned from a
conference in Zambia. He had aided Nelson Mandela’s ANC party in
fighting apartheid. 34 others also died in the crash.
1987 Oct 19, US Navy warships
disabled the 1st of 3 Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf in
retaliation for an Iranian missile attack on a U.S.-flagged tanker
off Kuwait. [see Apr 18, 1988]
(AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/02)
1987 Oct 19, The stock market
crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, amid frenzied selling,
plunged 508 points, 22.6%,-- its biggest-ever one-day decline.
(V.D.-H.K.p.253)(TMC, 1994, p.1987)(AP, 10/19/97)
1987 Oct 19, Jacqueline du Pre
(42), British cellist, died of multiple sclerosis.
1988 Oct 19, The Los Angeles
Dodgers defeated the Oakland A's 4-3 in game four of the World
1988 Oct 19, Britain banned
broadcast interviews with IRA members. Douglas Hurd introduced a
notice under clause 13(4) of the BBC License and Agreement and
section 29(3) of the Broadcasting Act 1981 prohibiting the broadcast
of direct statements by representatives or supporters of eleven
Irish political and military organizations.
1988 Oct 19, Eight Israeli
soldiers were killed in a suicide car bomb attack in south Lebanon.
1988 Oct 19, Three West Germans
were named winners of the Nobel Prize in chemistry; three Americans
received the Nobel Prize in physics: Melvin Schwartz (1933-2006),
Leon Lederman and Jack Steinberger won for their research into the
innermost structure and dynamics of matter. They won for discovering
the subatomic particle called the muon neutrino. In 2015 Lederman
sold his Nobel Prize at auction for $765,002.
(AP, 10/19/98)(SFC, 8/29/06, p.B5)(SFC, 5/30/15,
1989 Oct 19, Camilo Jose Cela
of Spain received the Nobel Prize for literature.
1989 Oct 19, The US Senate
rejected a proposed constitutional amendment barring desecration of
the American flag.
1989 Oct 19, The Guildford
Four, cleared from earlier conviction for the 1975 IRA bombings of
public houses in Guildford and Woolwich, England, were cleared of
all charges after 14 years in prison. Sarah Conlon (1926-2008)
struggled for years to clear her son, Gerry Conlon, imprisoned as
one of the Guildford Four. Conlon's autobiography, "Proved Innocent"
(1990), became the basis for the 1993 film, "In the Name of the
Father," starring Daniel Day-Lewis as Conlon.
1990 Oct 19, The Cincinnati
Reds beat the Oakland A’s 8-to-3, taking a three games-to-none lead
in the World Series.
1990 Oct 19, Iraq ordered all
foreigners in occupied Kuwait to report to authorities or face
1990 Oct 19, The Supreme Soviet
voted to approve President Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s economic reform
1991 Oct 19, In Louisiana
former Gov. Edwin Edwards and former Ku Klux Klansman David Duke won
runoff slots in the state's gubernatorial primary.
1992 Oct 19, President Bush,
Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot met in their third
and final campaign debate, in East Lansing, Mich.
1992 Oct 19, Maurice le Roux,
French conductor and composer (Contes immoraux), died.
1993 Oct 19, The Toronto Blue
Jays took a 2-1 lead in the World Series by defeating the
Philadelphia Phillies 10-3.
1993 Oct 19, The United States
intercepted its first ship bound for Haiti since an oil and weapons
embargo was reimposed by United Nations.
1993 Oct 19, Benazir Bhutto was
returned to the premiership of Pakistan.
1994 Oct 19, Entertainer Martha
Raye died in Los Angeles at age 78.
1994 Oct 19, A Palestinian
suicide bomber killed 22 Israelis and wounded 48 in a bus explosion
in the heart of Tel Aviv's shopping district. Hamas took
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97,
1995 Oct 19, Ignoring a veto
threat, the House passed a Republican plan for overhauling Medicare
by raising premiums for the elderly and disabled and saving billions
from hospital and doctor fees.
1995 Oct 19, Firefighters in
western China extinguished a 100 year old blaze in an untapped coal
deposit and saved 5.5 mil. tons of coal reserves in the Baiyanghe
mine in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The fire had consumed
300,000 tons of coal a year.
(WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A-1)
1995 Oct 19, Croatian leader
Tudjman said he will hold forces back from a Serb held area of
Croatia during peace talks.
(WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A-1)
1996 Oct 19, President Clinton
said in his radio address that states would lose a percentage of
federal highway aid if they did not bar young people from drinking
1996 Oct 19, In the Republican
radio address, Bob Dole claimed credit for putting Democrats on the
defensive over their acceptance of foreign political contributions.
1996 Oct 19, In Guatemala
Rafael Augusto Valdizon, rebel commander, was captured in connection
with the September kidnapping of 86-year-old Olga Novella, wife of a
cement company owner. He negotiated his freedom in exchange for her
release. She was released and he disappeared.
(SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)(SFC, 10/31/96, p.A12)
1996 Oct 19, In Russia Boris
Yeltsin appointed Ivan Rybkin as Sec. of The National Security
(SFEC, 10/20/96, A15)
1997 Oct 19, The Cleveland
Indians defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 in game two of the World
Series, evening the series at one game apiece.
1997 Oct 19, Special U.S. envoy
Dennis Ross arrived in Israel for another round of meetings in an
effort to push the Mideast peace process forward.
1997 Oct 19, Hungarian-born
George Soros, American financier and philanthropist, said he would
spend some $500 million over 3 years in Russia to improve health
care, expand educational opportunities, and help retrain the
military for civilian jobs.
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A8)
1997 Oct 19, It was reported
that British scientists had created a frog embryo without a due by
manipulating genes. It was believed that the technique could be
adopted to grow human organs.
(SFEC, 10/19/97, p.A3)
1997 Oct 19, In Columbia
leftist rebels killed Pablo Antonio Hernandez, a mayoral candidate
in Saravena and wounded another in Yumbo.
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1997 Oct 19, In Germany Gunter
Grass presented the peace prize of the German book-publishing
industry to Yasar Kemal, a Turkish author. Grass criticized his
compatriots as "closet racists."
(SFC, 10/21/97, p.A12)
1997 Oct 19, In Montenegro Milo
Djukanovic beat pro-Milosevic incumbent Momir Bulatovic for the
(SFC, 10/21/97, p.A12)
1997 Oct 19, In Palestine Sheik
Ahmed Yassin, founder of Hamas, announced a halt in attacks against
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A8)
1997 Oct 19, From Russia it was
reported that Aman Tuleyev was elected as Communist governor of
Kemerova, also known as Kuzbass, a region in western Siberia.
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1997 Oct 19, In Sierra Leone at
least 70 people fleeing air raids in Freetown were killed when their
truck overturned. Nigerian jets were bombing the city and at least
10,000 people had already fled.
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1997 Oct 19, In Bilbao, Spain,
the new Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was scheduled to open. The 256,000
sq. ft. titanium, limestone and glass structure was designed by
American architect Frank Gehry and funded entirely by the Basque
regional government under the direction of Thomas Krens, director of
(WSJ, 7/2/96, p.A12)(USAT, 10/8/97, p.1D)(WSJ,
1997 Oct 19, In Spain Pilar
Miro, film director, died in Madrid at age 57. Her films included
“Beltenebros,” “Gary Cooper Is in Heaven,” “Bird of Happiness,” “The
Dog in the Manger,” and the 1979 expose “The Cuenca Crime.”
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A19)
1997 Oct 19, In Sri Lanka Navy
gunboats attacked a convoy of rebel boats and more than 100 Tamil
insurgents were claimed to have been killed.
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A9)
1998 Oct 19, The New York
Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the 3rd game of the Baseball
World Series 5 to 4.
(SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998 Oct 19, Mike Tyson got his
boxing license back after pleading with the Nevada Athletic
Commission not to "torture" him anymore for biting Evander
Holyfield's ears in the ring 15 months earlier.
1998 Oct 19, The trial of
Microsoft Corp. began in Washington on antitrust charges of stifling
(SFC, 10/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/99)
1998 Oct 19, In Miami, the
first class-action lawsuit brought by smokers against the tobacco
industry went to trial. Jurors later found the nation's largest
cigarette makers and industry groups had produced a defective and
1998 Oct 19, In Colorado a
series of arson fires were set at Vail. The Earth Liberation Front
later claimed responsibility for the fires that caused $12 million
in damage. In 2006 4 people were indicted for the Vail blaze. The
same 4 had already been indicted for sabotage attacks in California,
Oregon and Wyoming. 2 of the 4 were still at large.
(SFC, 10/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 5/19/06, p.A4)
1998 Oct 19, In Tennessee Tommy
Burks, the state incumbent Democrat Senator, was shot and killed at
his 1,000 acre hog farm near Monterey. His rival, Byron (Low Tax)
Looper, was arrested a week later for the killing.
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 19, Angolan
rebel commander Arlindo Chenda Pena (b.1955) died of an illness in
South Africa. In 2018 his remains were repatriated to Angola. Pena,
known as "Ben Ben," was a rebel commander in UNITA, whose Portuguese
acronym means the National Union for the Total Independence of
1998 Oct 19, In Israel an
assailant threw 2 hand grenades into the central bus station of
Beersheba and injured at least 30 people. 67 people were wounded and
the incident cast a pall over the peace negotiations in Washington.
A Palestinian from the West Bank, Salem Rajab al-Sarsour (29), was
caught and confessed. Israel suspended negotiations with the
Palestinians on issues other than security after a bloody attack at
an Israeli bus stop.
(SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)(AP,
1998 Oct 19, In Congo 16
Zimbabwean soldiers were captured by the rebels.
(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)
1998 Oct 19, In Georgia an army
mutiny failed after 200 troops opposed to Pres. Shevardnadze
surrendered. 4 rebels and one government soldier were killed.
(WSJ, 10/20/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 19, In Sierra Leone a
firing squad executed 24 soldiers for taking part in the May, 1997,
(SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998 Oct 19, A Spanish judge
filed a motion for the extradition of Gen’l. Pinochet from England
that encompassed 94 cases of genocide, as well as the deaths of 79
Spaniards who were killed in Chile after being abducted by an
alliance of south American intelligence services.
(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)
1999 Oct 19, The Atlanta Braves
won the National League pennant by beating the New York Mets,
10-to-9, in Game Six of their championship series.
1999 Oct 19, Legislation to
overhaul the nation’s campaign finance laws fell to a filibuster by
Senate Republicans for the fourth straight year.
1999 Oct 19, Martha Stewart
Living Omnimedia began trading on Wall Street with 7.2 million
shares at 18. It closed at 35.56. World Wrestling also made its
debut with 10 million shares at 17. It closed at 25.25.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 19, A 2-year Rand
analysis concluded that the drug pyridostigmine bromide could not be
excluded as a contributor to Gulf War syndrome. The drug was an
experimental nerve gas antidote given to as many as 300,000 US
troops during the Persian gulf war.
(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 19, In Cambodia Prime
Minister Hun Sen reportedly gave his approval for a tribunal to hear
genocide charges against the Khmer Rouge.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999 Oct 19, In East Timor
refugees were returning at the rate of 500 per hour and 17,000 were
expected by the end of the day.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999 Oct 19, In Germany tens of
thousands of workers marched through Berlin to protest the
government's austerity budget and the pay gap between workers in the
east and west.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999 Oct 19, In eastern India
residents of the state of Orissa cleaned up after a cyclone killed
at least 79 people and injured over 1000.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999 Oct 19, In Indonesia the
People's Consultative Assembly relinquished the national claim to
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 19, In Nigeria US Sec.
of State Albright recommended that US aid to the country be increase
4 times the current level. The extradition of drug lords as also
discussed with Pres. Obasanjo.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999 Oct 19, Puerto Rico Gov.
Pedro Rossello told a US congressional committee that live firing
exercises on Vieques could not be resumed.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A7)
2000 Oct 19, A panel of US
scientists recommended that the FDA ban the drug ingredient
phenylpropanolamine (PPA), a common ingredient in decongestants and
appetite suppressants due to the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in young
(SFC, 10/20/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 19, It was reported
that scientists had brought to life 4 strains of bacteria entombed
in salt crystals of New Mexico rock for 250 million years.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 19, In East Timor Jose
Ramos-Horta, Nobel Peace laureate, was sworn in as the foreign
(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000 Oct 19, Israeli soldiers
fought with Palestinian militiamen in the West Bank and 2 people
were killed with 18 wounded.
(SFC, 10/20/00, p.A16)
2000 Oct 19, In the Philippines
at least 9 people were reported killed and 11 wounded in several
attacks by the MILF.
(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000 Oct 19, In Sri Lanka a
suicide bomber killed himself, 2 other people and injured 21 in
Colombo after police challenged him near the Town Hall.
(SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.a16)
2001 Oct 19, Pres. Bush met
with China’s Pres. Zemin on the eve of the Asia Pacific Economic
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 19, US special forces
attacked a Taliban stronghold in Kandahar in the 1st known ground
action involving US troops.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 19, Two US military
personnel were killed in a helicopter accident in Pakistan.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 19, The FBI identified
the Trenton, NJ, mailbox from which the anthrax letters were sent to
NYC and Washington. Two more people were reported to be infected
bringing the total to 8.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 19, In Philadelphia
luggage, from a baggage locker that was deposited Sep 29, was found
to contain C-4 plastic explosives.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)
2001 Oct 19, Enron Corp. froze
the assets in its 401 (k) employee retirement plan and barred
employees from selling company stock trading at $32.20. Employee
stock was unfrozen Nov 19 with shares at $11.69.
(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)
2001 Oct 19, In Afghanistan
some 3,500 refugees arrived near the Pakistani border town of
Chaman, the largest number to date. The number had averaged about
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A6)
2001 Oct 19, EU leaders pledged
their continued support for the US-led campaign in Afghanistan.
(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A16)
2001 Oct 19, A refugee ship,
enroute from Indonesia to Australia, carrying some 353 emigrants
from Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Palestine and Algeria, sank off the
island of Java. 44 people survived.
(SFC, 10/23/01, p.C1)(AP, 2/3/06)(Econ, 4/25/09,
2001 Oct 19, Israeli troops and
tanks invaded Bethlehem and left 6 Palestinians dead. A Palestinian
fighter was killed in Ramallah.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.E1)
2001 Oct 19, Digna Ochoa (38),
a prominent human rights lawyer, was found shot to death in Mexico
City. She was shot once in the left leg and again in the head. In
2003 a prosecutor said her death was a probable suicide.
(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A22)(AP, 7/19/03)
2002 Oct 19, In York, Pa.,
former mayor Charlie Robertson was acquitted and two other men were
convicted in the shotgun slaying of Lillie Belle Allen, a young
black woman, during race riots that tore the city apart in 1969.
2002 Oct 19, In Ashland, Va.,
Jeffrey Hopper (37) was shot and seriously wounded in what appeared
to be another sniper attack. The sniper left a note that included a
request for $10 million and threats to focus on children.
(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/23/02, p.A1)(AP,
2002 Oct 19, A rebel group in
Congo said that it recaptured a strategic port in the eastern part
of the country and took dozens of prisoners after heavy fighting.
2002 Oct 19, Greeks traveled to
their hometowns for the second time in two weeks, to participate in
runoff local elections seen as an important test for the
2002 Oct 19, Indonesian police
arrested Abu Bakar Bashir (Abubakar Baasyir), a militant Muslim
cleric, in a terror probe hours after the government issued two
emergency anti-terror decrees to strengthen its hand after the Bali
car bomb carnage. Bashir was hospitalized Oct 18.
(Reuters, 10/19/02)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A11)
2002 Oct 19, Irish residents
endorsed the European Union's plans to expand eastward. 63 percent
of voters in the referendum approved the expansion proposal, which
will admit up to 12 new members and bring the EU's membership to
almost 500 million.
2002 Oct 19, In Indian Kashmir
at least 4 suspected militants were shot dead while others detonated
a bomb, killing a policeman and wounding 15 people.
2002 Oct 19, In Mexico Manuel
Alvarez Bravo (100), a photographer whose remarkable 80-year
portfolio contained everything from mystical portraits of a bygone
era to the striking realism of murdered laborers, died.
2002 Oct 19, In Russia a car
bomb exploded at a packed McDonald's restaurant in Moscow, injuring
at least seven people. A boy (17) died later from injuries.
(AP, 10/19/02)(SFC, 10/21/02, p.A5)
2004 Oct 19, The New York
Yankees defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 to even the World Series at
one game apiece.
2003 Oct 19, President Bush met
with Thailand's PM Thaksin Shinawatra and pressed him to help
restore democracy in neighboring Myanmar. Some 1,000 protesters
marched in downtown Bangkok on against a summit of 21 economic
(AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 19, Pres. Bush said he
would consider a deal promising not to attack North Korea as long as
the guarantee is not a formal treaty.
(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 19, Afghan movie
"Osama" by director Siddiq Barmak won the top prize at Montreal's
New Movie and New Media Festival, one of the first features produced
in Afghanistan and nominated since the fall of the Taliban.
2003 Oct 19, New York magician
David Blaine left his clear plastic box and began recovering from 44
days dangling near the River Thames.
(AP, 10/20/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A2)
2003 Oct 19, In Bolivia Pres.
Carlos Mesa swore in a new Cabinet with most ministers independent
of the political establishment.
(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A3)
2003 Oct 19, Alija Izetbegovic
(78) died in Sarajevo. He led Bosnia's Muslims during the 1992-95
war for independence and became one of the republic's first postwar
2003 Oct 19, In Chechnya Akhmad
Kadyrov was inaugurated as president.
2003 Oct 19, Colombian military
killed Edgar Gustavo Navarro, the No. 2 leader of FARC, along with
10 others. The guerrilla commander was accused of kidnapping 3 US
military contractors and carrying out a string of assassinations and
2003 Oct 19, An Italian coast
guard crew found 13 bodies on board a rickety wooden boat in waters
off Sicily and 15 other would-be illegal Somali immigrants suffering
from exposure and badly in need of food and water. Some 50 bodies
were consigned to the sea before the boat was found.
(AP, 10/20/03)(Econ, 10/25/03, p.48)
2003 Oct 19, Palestinian gunmen
attacked an Israeli army foot patrol near a West Bank village,
killing three soldiers and wounding a fourth.
2003 Oct 19, In Romania
government leaders held an emergency session as many voters avoided
the polls, throwing into doubt a referendum on a new constitution
aimed at helping the country join the European Union.
2003 Oct 19, The nationalist
Swiss People's Party won elections to become the leading party in
the lower house of parliament.
(AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A8)
2003 Oct 19, Pope John Paul
beatified Mother Teresa before a crowd of 300,000.
2004 Oct 19, Paul H. Nitze
(97), US Cold War strategist, died. In 2009 Nicholas Thompson
authored “The Hawk and the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and the
History of the Cold War.”
(SFC, 10/21/04, p.B7)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.98)
2004 Oct 19, Thirteen people
were killed when a Corporate Airlines commuter turboprop crashed
near Kirksville, Missouri. 2 survived with only broken bones.
2004 Oct 19, Britain’s Man
Booker Prize and a $90,000 check was awarded to Alan Hollinghurst
for his novel “The Line of Beauty.”
(SFC, 10/20/04, p.E2)(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.M1)
2004 Oct 19, British
prosecutors charged radical Islamic cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri with
incitement to murder for allegedly urging followers to kill Jews and
other non-Muslims. The indictment pre-empted a U.S. bid to extradite
him on terror charges.
2004 Oct 19, Canada raised its
interest rates .025% from 2.25 to 2.50%.
(WSJ, 10/20/04, p.A15)
2004 Oct 19, UN officials
warned that the spread of AIDS in Ecuador's most populated province
is reaching levels comparable to Africa and the Caribbean a decade
ago and could mushroom into a national epidemic if left unchecked.
2004 Oct 19, More than 40,000
people took to the streets in Europe to protest against plans by US
auto giant General Motors to axe about one-fifth of its workforce in
the region and possibly even close a plant.
2004 Oct 19, In France 2 Muslim
girls who refused to remove their head scarves in class were
expelled from their schools, and two more risked the same fate.
2004 Oct 19, Margaret Hassan,
the British director of CARE International's operations in Iraq, was
abducted from her car in Baghdad. She was killed on Nov 16. In 2005
Iraqi forces arrested 5 suspects who confessed to kidnapping and
murdering Margaret Hassan. In June, 2006, Mustafa Mohammed Salman
al-Juburi was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of
aiding and abetting the kidnappers. His sentence was later reduced
on appeal. In 2008 Ali Lutfi al-Rawi was arrested after he allegedly
phoned the British Embassy in Baghdad to demand $1 million in
exchange for information about the location of Hassan's remains. In
2009 a judge sentenced Ali Lutfi al-Rawi (36) to life in prison
after a one-day trial in Baghdad. He faced charges of kidnapping,
murder and extortion. In 2010 Ali Lutfi al-Rawi escaped from prison.
(AP, 10/19/04)(AFP, 5/1/05)(AP, 6/5/06)(AP,
6/2/09)(AP, 4/5/10)(AFP, 8/22/10)
2004 Oct 19, A mortar attack on
an Iraqi National Guard headquarters north of Baghdad killed four
guardsmen and wounded 80 others.
2004 Oct 19, Typhoon Tokage
(Lizard), the biggest typhoon to hit Japan in more than a decade,
roared over the country's main island with heavy rain and fierce
winds leaving at least 16 people dead and 12 others missing.
(AFP, 10/20/04)(SFC, 10/21/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 19, Thousands of sex
workers from across South Korea rallied, protested a crackdown on
prostitution and called for the resignation of the minister of
gender equality. South Korea's sex industry accounts for more than
four percent of gross domestic product, with its annual sales
estimated at 24 trillion won (21 billion dollars) last year.
2004 Oct 19, Myanmar's state
radio and television announced that PM Gen. Khin Nyunt was replaced
by a top member of the country's ruling junta, Lt. Gen. Soe Win.
2004 Oct 19, In Peru police
fired on coca growers protesting government eradication of their
cocaine producing crop, killing two of the farmers after they
attacked a police station near the southern border.
2004 Oct 19, The International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said villages throughout Sudan's
Darfur region face an "unprecedented food crisis," worse than the
threat of famine in recent decades.
2004 Oct 19, A Thailand tiger
zoo housing hundreds of the big cats was shut down as bird flu tests
confirmed 23 tigers had died of the virus since Oct 14, and another
30 had fallen ill. They caught the flu from feeding on chicken
(AFP, 10/20/04)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.36)
2005 Oct 19, The Houston Astros
defeated the St. Louis Cardinals for the National League title. They
will face the Chicago White Sox in the World Series.
(WSJ, 10/20/05, p.A1)
2005 Oct 19, US envoy Bill
Richardson toured a North Korean nuclear facility and held a second
day of talks with government officials as part of his efforts to
encourage Pyongyang to dismantle its atomic weapons program.
2005 Oct 19, Environmentalists
sued the US Navy alleging that a widely used from of sonar for
detecting enemy submarines disturbs and sometimes kills whales and
(SFC, 10/20/05, p.A6)
2005 Oct 19, Cisco Systems Inc.
said it will spend $1.1 billion in India over the next three years
in the company's largest investment outside the United States.
2005 Oct 19, Dell, the world's
largest personal computer producer, announced it was setting up a
major customer call center in the Philippines.
2005 Oct 19, Lashaun Harris
(23) threw her 3 children into San Francisco Bay near Fishermen's
Wharf. The body of a third sibling was recovered. Harris had been
staying with her children at a Salvation Army shelter in Oakland.
She told authorities that voices had told her to throw her children
into the water.
2005 Oct 19, Police in Bosnia
arrested a cyber-jihadist who called himself Maximus. Mirsad
Bektasevic, a Swedish teenager of Bosnian extraction, was sentenced
to jail along with 3 others for plotting attacks to take place in
Bosnia or other European countries. On his computer police found
contacts with other jihadists in Europe including Younis Tsouli
(Irhabi007), whom British police arrested 2 days later.
2005 Oct 19, Canadian police
arrested a Rwandan man who is living in Toronto, charging him with
crimes against humanity during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
2005 Oct 19, Chile's Supreme
Court stripped former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet of immunity
from prosecution for corruption charges related to his multimillion
dollar bank accounts overseas.
2005 Oct 19, China’s government
said some 2,600 birds have been found dead of bird flu in northern
China's grasslands, amid reports of new outbreaks in Europe and
2005 Oct 19, Colombia's highest
court approved a law allowing presidents to run for second terms.
2005 Oct 19, The International
Organization for Migration (IMO) said "Ethiopian women and girls who
migrate to Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen and Saudi Arabia suffer from
maltreatment, physical, sexual and emotional abuses," in a report
based on interviews with 443 women returning from the region.
2005 Oct 19, Hurricane Wilma
swirled into the most intense Atlantic storm ever recorded, a
Category 5 monster whose 175 mph winds and heavy rains were blamed
for killing at least 11 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica as it
bore down on Central America.
2005 Oct 19, A defiant Saddam
Hussein pleaded innocent to charges of murder and torture as his
long-awaited trial began with the one-time dictator arguing about
the legitimacy of the court and scuffling with guards.
2005 Oct 19, Iraq’s trial of
Saddam Hussein on war crimes charges was adjourned to Nov 28 shortly
after it began.
2005 Oct 19, Iraqi police
arrested Saddam Hussein's nephew in Baghdad, charging that he served
as the top financier of Iraq's rampant insurgency. 3 US soldiers
were killed by a roadside bomb.
2005 Oct 19, Sunni-led
insurgents killed 26 people in Iraq, including six Shiites who were
lined up at a factory and gunned down in front of their fellow
(AP, 10/19/05)(SFC, 10/20/05, p.A15)
2005 Oct 19, Rory Carroll, 33,
an Irish citizen who is the London Guardian's Baghdad correspondent,
was kidnapped while on assignment. Carroll was released the next
(AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005 Oct 19-2005 Oct 20, Police
arrested total of 58 people for drug trafficking in Italy, Spain,
France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Serbia-Montenegro. The arrests
were a response to the Oct 16 murder of Italian politician Francesco
2005 Oct 19, Two strong
aftershocks from the Oct 8 deadly earthquake shook South Asia,
unleashing landslides and setting off another wave of panic among
survivors of the disaster. A new tally from officials in India and
Pakistan pushed the death toll to 79,000.
2005 Oct 19, Libya sent to
prison for 18 months a blogger who criticized the government on the
Internet. A Tripoli court convicted Abdel Raziq al-Mansuri of
illegal possession of a handgun and sentenced him to 18 months'
imprisonment. A rights group said that after detaining al-Mansuri,
Libyan security officials searched his home and "found an old pistol
that belonged to his father."
2005 Oct 19, Polish President
Aleksander Kwasniewski nominated conservative Kazimierz
Marcinkiewicz as PM following the first meeting of the newly elected
2005 Oct 19, Russia's
Agriculture Ministry confirmed that the Asian H5N1 strain had been
detected in the village of Yandovka, suggesting the dreaded virus
might be spreading across a swath from Siberia to the shores of the
2005 Oct 19, A court officials
said a Spanish judge has issued an international arrest warrant for
three U.S. soldiers whose tank fired on a Baghdad hotel during the
Iraq war, killing a Spanish journalist and one other. Jose Couso,
who worked for the Spanish television network Telecinco, died April
8, 2003, after a U.S. army tank crew fired a shell on Hotel
2005 Oct 19, The UN said
fighting and insecurity throughout Darfur is hindering food and
relief aid to tens of thousands of people and forcing more displaced
Sudanese into already crammed refugee camps.
2005 Oct 19, Zimbabwean
Archbishop Pius Ncube said he feared 200,000 of his countrymen could
die by early next year because of food shortages he blamed on his
government, and called for President Robert Mugabe's ouster.
2006 Oct 19, The St. Louis
Cardinals beat the New York Mets to win the National League pennant.
They will face the Detroit Tigers for the World Series.
(SFC, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006 Oct 19, In Hawaii the 10th
annual fundraising parody Underpants Run was held in Kailua-Kona on
the Big Island.
(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G2)
2006 Oct 19, A NY state judge
ruled that Richard Grasso, former head of the NYSE, must return as
much as $100 million of his $187.5 compensation package. In 2008 a
state appeals court ruled that Mr. Grasso can keep all of his
(SFC, 10/20/06, p.D3)(WSJ, 10/21/06, p.B1)(WSJ,
2006 Oct 19, The Dow Jones
industrial average closed above 12,000 for the first time, ending at
2006 Oct 19, In Fremont, Ca.,
Alia Ansari (37), a native of Afghanistan and mother of 6, was
gunned down in mid-afternoon as she walked to pick up her children
from school. Manuel Urango (28) was soon arrested on a parole
violation as a person of interest. In 2007 was charged with Ansari’s
murder. Urango was convicted of first-degree murder on March 11,
2008. On April 14 he was sentenced to 50 years in prison.
(SFC, 10/20/06, p.A1)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.B1)(SFC,
3/10/08, p.B2)(SFC, 4/15/08, p.B3)
2006 Oct 19, In Texas a
death-row inmate slit his own throat with a makeshift knife,
committing suicide about 15 hours before he was scheduled to be
executed. Michael Dewayne Johnson (29) was on death row for the 1995
killing of a convenience store clerk near Waco. Johnson had denied
gunning down Jeff Wetterman (27), who helped pump gas at the family
store off Interstate 35 near Waco. Johnson blamed his companion,
David Vest, for the killing. Vest blamed the shooting on Johnson,
took an eight-year prison term in a plea deal and testified against
his friend. Vest is now free.
2006 Oct 19, Phyllis Kirk (79),
film and TV actress, died in Woodland Hills, California. She starred
in the 1953 3-D film “House of Wax,” and played opposite Peter
Lawford in TV’s “The Thin Man” (1957-1959).
(SFC, 10/24/06, p.B5)
2006 Oct 19, President Hamid
Karzai called on NATO forces to use caution during military
operations, a day after 20 civilians were killed. In southern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two children and a British
soldier. In eastern Afghanistan gunmen ambushed a car carrying
Afghan civilians working on a remote US military base and killed
eight of them execution-style.
(AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)
2006 Oct 19, In southeastern
Bangladesh a herd of wild elephants rampaged through a village,
killing five members of one family, including two children.
2006 Oct 19, In Brazil Judge
Luiz Noronha Dantas handed down a 52-year sentence on four homicide
counts and stripped Capt. Marcos Duarte Ramalho of his status as a
police officer. Ramalho was the third police officer to stand trial
and the first to be convicted in connection with the April 16, 2003,
killings in the Borel shantytown on Rio's poor north side. Two more
officers are set to stand trial for the killings.
2006 Oct 19, Ralph Harris (81),
British economist and former head of the Institute of Economic
(Econ, 11/4/06, p.96)
2006 Oct 19, A court struck
down sections of a Canadian anti-terrorism law, in a ruling that
threw out warrants used to search the home of a reporter covering
U.S. efforts to secretly send a Canadian terror suspect to Syria for
2006 Oct 19, China stepped up
its diplomatic efforts with North Korea, sending a personal message
and a gift from the Chinese president to the North's leader Kim Jong
Il as Washington appealed for cooperation by Asian powers on U.N.
sanctions for Pyongyang's nuclear test.
2006 Oct 19, In Colombia a car
bomb left by a person dressed in a military uniform exploded in the
parking lot of a military university in Bogota, wounding at least 23
people, as a top general was at a conference nearby.
2006 Oct 19, Queen Elizabeth II
arrived in Estonia on the last leg of a landmark trip to the Baltic
states, during which the 80-year-old monarch has repeatedly praised
the Baltic people for their determined fight for freedom.
2006 Oct 19, Ethiopia's PM
Meles Zenawi told parliament that he had sent military trainers to
help Somalia's struggling government, but had not deployed a
fighting force. Yalemzewd Bekele, a human rights lawyer working for
the European Commission in Addis Ababa, was arrested at the border
with Kenya. Her arrest was likely related to the Oct 5 arrest of
businessman Alemayehu Fantu.
(AP, 10/19/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.28)
2006 Oct 19, In Iraq a suicide
bomber driving a fuel tanker struck a major police station in the
northern city of Mosul, killing 12 people and wounding 25. Another
suicide car bomb detonated in Kirkuk killed 12 people and wounded
68. Fighting broke out in Amara after the head of police
intelligence in the surrounding province, a member of the rival
Shiite Badr Brigade militia, was killed by a roadside bomb,
prompting his family to kidnap the teenage brother of the local head
of the a-Madhi Army. At least 66 Iraqis died in fighting and
(AFP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06,
2006 Oct 19, Italian police
arrested 12 alleged members of a Mafia clan accused of drug
trafficking and running an extortion ring that terrorized businesses
in the Sicilian town of Messina.
2006 Oct 19, In Malaysia
Altantuya Shaariibuu (28), a Mongolian model, was kidnapped outside
the house of Abdul Razak Baginda (46), who heads the Malaysian
Strategic Research Center think-tank. Shaariibuu was allegedly
extorting Baginda following an affair that had begun in 2004. She
was killed and her remains blown up with military-grade C-4
explosives and later found in an isolated area south of the capital
Kuala Lumpur. In Nov. Malaysian PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi vowed there
would be no cover-up over her murder. Abdul Razak allegedly abetted
two policemen, Azilah Hadri (30) and Sirul Azhar Umar (35), to
commit the murder. In 2008 a court acquitted Razak of charges of
abetting the murder of Shaariibuu. In 2009 a Malaysian court
sentenced two policemen to death on charges of murdering Shaariibuu.
An Appeals Court acquitted the men in 2013. On Jan 13, 2015, a
Federal Court unanimously ruled that the Appeals Court was wrong in
reversing the findings of the trial court.
(AFP, 11/9/06)(AFP, 11/16/06)(WSJ, 3/29/07,
p.A1)(WSJ, 11/1/08, p.A8)(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 1/13/15)
2006 Oct 19, Mexico's Senate
ruled there was no reason to oust Oaxaca's embattled state governor,
eliminating the last formal legal recourse for thousands of
protesters who for months have demanded the resignation of Gov.
Ulises Ruiz. Jorge Bustos, a commander with the defunct Federal
Security Directorate, was arrested in Mexico City in connection with
the 1974 disappearance of six alleged guerrilla members. Bustos had
arrested six members of the Brigada Lacandona, a 1970s guerrilla
faction, who disappeared after Hidalgo state authorities turned them
over to the federal intelligence agency.
(AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)
2006 Oct 19, Nigeria's
president declared a state of emergency in a troubled southwest
state where he said the impeachment of the governor by the local
legislature violated the constitution. Thirty-one of Nigeria's 36
state governors are being investigated for corruption, according to
the country's financial crimes agency.
2006 Oct 19, Russia forced
nearly 100 foreign non-governmental organizations, including leading
human rights groups, to suspend operations for missing a deadline
for re-registration under a tough, new law.
2006 Oct 19, Sri Lanka's Tamil
Tiger rebels agreed to attend peace talks with the government this
month in a breakthrough announcement after a week of bloody attacks
left over 250 dead. In northern Sri Lanka 3 government soldiers were
killed in attacks blamed on the Tiger rebels.
(AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/19/06)
2006 Oct 19, Syrian authorities
ordered prominent writer and pro-democracy activist Michel Kilo
released on bail after more than four months in detention.
2006 Oct 19, Four ministers
from President Viktor Yushchenko's Our Ukraine party resigned after
the collapse of talks to create a broad ruling coalition in the
2006 Oct 19, The UN Environment
Program said the number of "dead zones" in the world's oceans had
reached 200, an increase of 34% in 2 years, threatening fish stocks
and the people who depend on them.
(AP, 10/19/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)
2006 Oct 19, A UN report said
The North Korean government rounds up disabled people and sends them
away from the capital Pyongyang to special camps, where they are
sorted by their handicap and subjected to "subhuman conditions."
2007 Oct 19,
Pres. Bush imposed new financial sanctions against Myanmar,
freezing YS assets of 11 additional members of the military
(SFC, 10/20/07, p.A3)
2007 Oct 19,
A team of students from Germany's Technische Universitat
Darmstadt won a weeklong competition on the Washington DC National
Mall for the best, most efficient, and well-designed and -engineered
2007 Oct 19,
A battle in southern Afghanistan between US-led coalition
forces and Taliban militants left more than a dozen of the
2007 Oct 19,
Armed with clubs and waving provincial flags, thousands of
residents of Bolivia's wealthiest province seized control of Santa
Cruz’s Viru Viru airport from troops sent in by President Evo
Morales. The previous day Morales had ordered 220 troops to take
control of the airport after workers threatened to block flights
that did not pay landing fees to local officials rather than the
national airport authority. Television footage showed a Venezuelan
air force plane and uniformed personnel at the site.
(AP, 10/19/07)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.32)
2007 Oct 19,
A twin-engine plane crashed into the ninth floor of a suburban
Vancouver apartment building, killing the pilot and injuring at
least two people in the building. Six people were found dead in what
police described as a graphic murder scene in an apartment building
in a Vancouver suburb. Police later said the killings, which took
place on the 15th floor of a suburban Vancouver apartment building,
were related to gang activity. They said that two of the dead were
murdered because they chanced upon the crime scene.
(AP, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/20/07)(Reuters,
2007 Oct 19,
European Union leaders in Portugal endorsed a reform treaty to
replace their failed European constitution and give the 27-nation
union a more influential say in world affairs. The new Treaty of
Lisbon created 2 new posts, a European foreign minister in all but
name and a new standing president of the European Council.
(AP, 10/19/07)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.64)
2007 Oct 19,
Train service started back up throughout much of France but
many commuters in Paris biked, roller-bladed and even used
children's scooters as city transit workers kept up a second day of
strikes against proposed economic reforms.
2007 Oct 19,
India and Pakistan reviewed their efforts to cut the risk of
accidents involving nuclear weapons and discussed arms and security
2007 Oct 19,
Lt. Col. William H. Steele (52), a former US commander at the
jail that held Saddam Hussein, was acquitted of aiding the enemy by
loaning an unmonitored cell phone to an inmate, but a military judge
in Iraq convicted him of unauthorized possession of thousands of
pages of classified documents and two other charges for which he
received two years imprisonment after pleading for leniency.
2007 Oct 19, In eastern
Diwaniyah, U.S.-led ground forces backed by two Polish helicopters
came under fire from machine guns and an anti-tank grenade launcher.
No coalition casualties were reported, but two militants were
killed. A roadside bomb exploded near a minibus full of Shiite
civilians, killing at least three people and wounding nine as they
went to visit relatives south of Baghdad.
2007 Oct 19, A parliamentarian
said that 61 of 120 Israeli lawmakers have signed a petition against
any attempt by PM Ehud Olmert to transfer parts of Jerusalem to the
2007 Oct 19,
In Indian Kashmir Rawathpora village residents claimed that
Indian soldiers detained teacher Abdul Rashid Mir (26) outside a
school, then tortured and fatally shot him while he was in custody.
The Indian army said Mir was accidentally shot after he got into a
squabble with an army patrol team. Violence quickly erupted.
2007 Oct 19, In the Philippines
a powerful explosion ripped through three floors of a shopping mall
in the heart of Manila's financial district, killing 11 people,
injuring scores and sending police and troops on the highest state
of alert. Police later said a gas leak was the likely cause.
(AP, 10/19/07)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)
2007 Oct 19, Christopher Paul
Neil (32), a Canadian schoolteacher suspected of sexually abusing
boys, was arrested in rural Thailand and charged after a 3-year
international manhunt that relied on digitally unscrambled photos
and tips from the public. Neil later pleaded guilty to sexually
abusing a 13-year-old boy and was sentenced to three years and three
months in jail; he faces other charges involving the victim's
(AP, 10/19/07)(AP, 10/19/08)
2008 Oct 19, Pres. Bush signed
a bill reauthorizing Amtrak for another 5 years.
2008 Oct 19, Colin Powell, a
Republican and retired general who was President Bush's first
secretary of state, broke with the party and endorsed Democrat
Barack Obama for president, calling him a "transformational figure"
while criticizing the tone of John McCain's campaign.
2008 Oct 19, It was reported
that California’s San Mateo County suffered potential losses of some
$150 million due to the bankruptcy of Lehman Bros. The Lehman Bros.
portfolio accounted for 5.9% of the county’s investment fund. County
cities Daly City, Redwood City and San Bruno each racked up losses
exceeding $1 million.
(SSFC, 10/19/08, p.B1)
2008 Oct 19, In San Francisco
over 20,000 runners took part in the 5th annual Nike’s Women’s
Marathon. They raised over $18 million for leukemia and lymphoma
research. Arien O’Connell (24) of NYC ran the fastest time, but did
not win because she did not register as an “elite” runner. On Oct 22
Nike recognized O’Connell as “a winner” in the race.
(SFC, 10/20/08, p.B1)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.B1)(SFC,
2008 Oct 19, Richard Blackwell
(86), actor turned fashion designer, died in Los Angeles. He claimed
to be the first to make designer jeans for women. In 1960 he issued
his first tongue-in-cheek criticism of Hollywood fashion disasters.
(SFC, 10/21/08, p.B5)
2008 Oct 19, Hal Kant (b.1931),
lawyer for the Grateful Dead (1971-2001), died in Reno, Nev. He led
the Grateful Dead to incorporate, making it one of the first rock
bands to offer health benefits and pensions.
(WSJ, 10/25/08, p.A4)
2008 Oct 19, Dee Dee Warwick
(63), a soul singer who won recognition for both her solo work and
her performances with her older sister Dionne Warwick, died in New
2008 Oct 19, Taliban militants
stopped a bus traveling on Afghanistan's main highway in the Maiwand
district of Kandahar province, captured some 50 people on board and
killed 26 of them with at least 6 beheaded. International and Afghan
forces killed 34 Taliban fighters south of the Helmand provincial
capital of Lashkar Gah. In early 2009 Canadian military police
charged Captain Robert Semrau of shooting and killing a man,
described by the military police, as a "presumed insurgent," on or
about October 19, 2008.
(AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)(AP,
2008 Oct 19, China's communist
leaders announced the approval of key rural reform that for the
first time will permit farmers to lease or transfer their land in a
change aimed at raising rural incomes and speeding migration from
the farm to the cities. The policy change was approved a week ago at
a high-level meeting.
2008 Oct 19, In Colombia
Vladimir Vanoy (32), the son of a warlord extradited to the US on
drug charges, was murdered by unidentified assailants at the gate to
his condominium outside Bogota. Earlier this month a Miami judge
sentenced Ramiro Vanoy to 24 years in prison on drug-trafficking
2008 Oct 20, Our Lady of Kazan,
Cuba's first Russian Orthodox cathedral, was consecrated amid church
bells and the presence of President Raul Castro, in a sign of
goodwill toward the island's former chief benefactor. Cuba's Russian
community has dwindled to several hundred as most returned home
following the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.
2008 Oct 19, The French
Cabinet's spokesman said "swindlers" last month broke into the
personal bank account of President Nicolas Sarkozy and swiped small
sums of money. More than 30,000 demonstrators marched across Paris
to denounce the conservative government's budget restrictions, job
cuts and other controversial reforms in the public education system.
On Oct 21 police arrested two men suspected of stealing the bank
details of several people without realizing the identity of their
victims. They are believed to have used small sums to pay mobile
(AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/21/08)
2008 Oct 19, An Israeli
businessman was kidnapped in Ghana. The kidnappers initially
demanded $500,000 ransom, then lowered it to $300,000.
2008 Oct 19, In India 2 people
were killed and 12 injured after a bridge being built to extend New
Delhi's six-year-old metro system collapsed onto a bus and cars.
2008 Oct 19, Iraq’s PM Nouri
al-Maliki's ruling Shiite alliance said that parts of the draft
security agreement that would keep US troops here for three more
years needs more discussion and amendments before it can be
approved. A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi police patrol killed
two people and wounded 10 in southeastern Baghdad. A second roadside
bomb in the same neighborhood blew up shortly afterward, wounding
three other policemen traveling in car and four civilians in another
vehicle. A US Marine died in a non-combat incident at Asad Air Base
in the west of Iraq.
(AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)
2008 Oct 19, Pakistan’s
government said it may have to accept politically unpopular IMF
assistance to ward off a possible economic meltdown if wealthy
nations turn it down.
2008 Oct 19, The Philippine
government said it would pay 50,000 (1,063 dollars) for every M-16
assault rifle surrendered by a communist insurgent who abandoned the
2008 Oct 19, In Somalia 3
gunmen shot the employee of the UN Children's Fund, UNICEF, as he
walked home in the southern town of Hudur.
2008 Oct 19, South Korea
announced a $130 billion economic rescue package, with $100 billion
of this in the form of guarantees for foreign currency debts.
(Econ, 10/25/08, p.52)
2008 Oct 19, Turkish warplanes
again bombed Kurdish rebel hideouts across the border in northern
Iraq. The bombings targeted four towns near the Turkish border.
2009 Oct 19, US President
Barack Obama unveiled a new policy on Sudan and warned Khartoum of
more US pressure if it failed to respond to his fresh incentives to
stop "genocide" and "abuses" in Darfur.
2009 Oct 19, US prosecutors
were told in a new policy memo issued by the Justice Department that
pot-smoking patients or their sanctioned suppliers should not be
targeted for federal prosecution in states that allow medical
2009 Oct 19, American scientist
Stewart D. Nozette (52) of Chevy Chase, Md., was arrested for
attempted espionage after passing classified information to an
undercover FBI agent posing as an Israeli intelligence operative. In
2011 Nozette pleaded guilty to espionage and agreed to a 13-year
(SFC, 10/21/09, p.A5)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A8)
2009 Oct 19, It was reported
that almost 10% of SF Muni riders cheat on their fares.
(SSFC, 10/18/09, p.C1)
2009 Oct 19, Somer Thompson
(7), a north Florida girl, vanished on her walk home from school.
Detectives found her body partially covered by garbage on Oct 21 in
a Georgia landfill, about 48 miles from where the girl disappeared.
2009 Oct 19, Organizers of the
multimillion-dollar Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African
Leadership, an annual prize for good governance, said they had
decided not to give out the award this year.
2009 Oct 19, In Afghanistan
fraud investigators threw out hundreds of thousands of votes for
President Hamid Karzai in the country's disputed August election.
The findings set the stage for a runoff between him and his top
challenger. Taliban militants set fire to 15 trucks carrying
supplies to a military base in eastern Ghazni province. Afghan
security guards killed two militants during the fighting. Two Afghan
security troopers were killed in a gun battle overnight with Taliban
fighters near Ghazni city.
2009 Oct 19, Energy group
Chevron announced a new natural gas discovery off Western Australia
that will help support the massive Gorgon liquefied natural gas
2009 Oct 19, In Costa Rica
Michael Dixon (33), a British journalist, was last spotted leaving
the Villas Macondo hotel in the popular surfers' resort of Playa
Tamarindo, having traveled there on his own.
2009 Oct 19, The EU agreed to
give the dairy sector an extra $420 million in special aid in an
effort to quell a season of unrest in agriculture. Meanwhile angry
farmer pelted riot police with eggs and buckets of milk in
(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 19, French police
apprehended suspected ETA militant Aitor Elizaran (30) in a car park
at the wheel of a stolen car in the Brittany seaside town of Carnac,
along with a woman suspect, Oihana Sanvicente (32). They were soon
charged with conspiracy to collaborate with a terrorist
2009 Oct 19, In India in an
interview published in the weekly magazine Open, Mupalla Laxman Rao,
better known as Ganapathi, vowed to unleash a "tornado" of violence
if the government goes ahead with a planned large-scale offensive
against his Maoist forces.
2009 Oct 19, An Iraqi Army
patrol in western part of Mosul shot dead an armed man, who was
firing at the patrol. An American solider was killed and two others
were wounded when a roadside bomb detonated near their vehicle in
2009 Oct 19, Israeli police
arrested Donald Edward Nelson (59), a convicted American pedophile,
in a hostel in the Old City of Jerusalem. Nelson was convicted last
year in a California court on 52 counts of sexual abuse of minors
and sentenced to 110 years in prison. He fled the US to avoid being
jailed and was hiding out in Jerusalem.
2009 Oct 19, Japan said it has
caught 59 whales off Hokkaido, one short of the maximum allowed by
international guidelines, under a research program that critics say
is a cover for commercial whaling.
2009 Oct 19, In Kenya a 3-story
building collapsed in Nairobi killing at least 6 people with 14 left
(AP, 10/20/09)(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 19, It was reported
that Mexican biologists and park workers were racing to fell as many
as 9,000 fir trees, infected with deadly bark beetles, and bury or
extract infested wood before the orange-and-black monarchs start
arriving in late October to spend the winter bunched together on
branches, carpeting the trees.
2009 Oct 19, Nigeria reported
plans to offer inhabitants of its oil-producing Niger Delta region
10% of oil and gas ventures in a bid to end a rebellion that has
hampered output for years.
2009 Oct 19, Pakistani troops
fought militants on three fronts and fighter jets bombed insurgent
positions near the Afghan border as Pakistan pressed ahead with an
assault on the country's main Taliban and al-Qaida stronghold. The
offensive focused on eliminating Taliban militants linked to the
Mehsud tribe, who control about half of South Waziristan and are
blamed for 80% of the suicide attacks that have battered Pakistan
over the last three years. Police said they had arrested Akhtar
Zaman, a man identified as the head of the Pakistani Taliban, in the
southern city of Karachi along with three other alleged militants in
connection with a foiled attempt to attack an oil terminal last
2009 Oct 19, Somali pirates
seized a Chinese cargo ship with 25 people onboard. On Dec 27 a band
of Somali pirates split a $4 million ransom to release the bulk
carrier De Xin Hai, a Chinese cargo ship, and 25 sailors after two
months in captivity.
(AP, 10/19/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009 Oct 19, Sri Lankan shares
tumbled after the US slapped fraud charges on Raj Rajaratnam (52), a
billionaire Sri Lankan-born hedge fund manager, whose investments in
the island came under a fresh "review." Rajaratnam had admitted
funding the Tamils Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) soon after the
December 2004 tsunami. The TRO was outlawed as a front of the
separatist Tamil Tigers in both Sri Lanka and the United States in
2009 Oct 19, In Turkey tens of
thousands of Kurds flocked to the Iraqi border to greet 34 PKK
fighters and their sympathizers, who gave themselves up following a
call by PM Erdogan to return home.
(Econ, 10/24/09, p.63)
2009 Oct 19, In Uganda Pres.
Museveni officially recognized the 300,000 strong Rwenzururu Kingdom
under Charles Wesley Mumbere (56), who had inherited the title in
1966 at age 13. Museveni restored all the traditional kingdoms
abandoned in 1967. Mumbere, who had moved to the USA in 1984 on a
government scholarship, worked as a nurse’s aide in Maryland and
(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A4)
2009 Oct 19, Uruguay's Supreme
Court declared unconstitutional a law that has provided amnesty to
military officials accused of murders, disappearances and other
human rights violations during the country's dictatorship.
2010 Oct 19, In Texas Hosam
Smadi (20), a Jordanian national, was sentenced to 24 years in
prison. In May he had pleaded guilty to attempted use of a weapon of
mass destruction. An FBI sting in 2009 had caught him trying to blow
up a Dallas skyscraper.
(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/2ac44d8)
2010 Oct 19, TV and film Actor
Tom Bosley (1927) died. His films included “The World of Henry
Orient” (1964). He was best known for his role at the father in the
“Happy Days” TV series (1974-1985).
(SFC, 10/20/10, p.A8)
2010 Oct 19, The Afghan
government said it had ordered an audit of all private banks
following a corruption scandal that threatened to bring down the
country's top lender. In the south 3 NATO soldiers were killed,
bringing to 596 the number of foreign troops to die in the Afghan
conflict so far this year. US officials said they have begun
training Afghans on how to disrupt the flow of billions of dollars
in cash being smuggled out of their country.
(Reuters, 10/19/10)(AFP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010 Oct 19, In Austria tens of
thousands of students, backed by university staff, marched to demand
more money for higher education.
(SFC, 10/20/10, p.A2)
2010 Oct 19, Bolivia and Peru
signed an agreement giving Bolivia a dock, a free-trade zone and the
right to run some naval vessels.
(SFC, 10/20/10, p.A2)
2010 Oct 19, Britain will lose
thousands of troops, build new aircraft carriers, without new
fighter jets, and delay a multibillion pound upgrade to its nuclear
deterrent under sweeping defense cuts announced following the first
major military review in more than a decade.
2010 Oct 19, In Chechnya
Islamic insurgents including a suicide bomber stormed the
Parliament, leaving six people dead and 17 injured in one of the
most brazen attacks on the provincial capital in months. The dead
included one parliamentary official, 2 policemen and 3 insurgents.
2010 Oct 19, China's central
bank surprised with its first increase of interest rates in nearly
three years. The People's Bank of China said it was raising
benchmark rates by 25 basis points, taking one-year deposit rates to
2.5 percent and one-year lending rates to 5.56 percent. The impact
was felt by markets across the board. Oil and gold prices tumbled,
stocks turned negative in Europe and the dollar jumped.
2010 Oct 19, Egypt's main
satellite operator said it shut down 12 private television channels
on grounds of violating broadcasting licenses. Egypt's largest
opposition Islamist group said that police detained 164 Muslim
Brotherhood members, most of them election campaign workers, in a
spate of raids across the country.
2010 Oct 19, Egyptian and South
African leaders met in Cairo for talks aimed at strengthening
economic ties between the two African powerhouses and working
towards a free trade deal for the continent.
2010 Oct 19, Human Rights Watch
said in a report that Ethiopia is denying opposition supporters
food, other aid, loans and government services in a widespread
effort to suppress political dissent.
2010 Oct 19, European Union
finance ministers sealed a deal to regulate the trillion-dollar
hedge fund industry after Britain and France settled a long-running
2010 Oct 19, The European
Commission said it will temporarily suspend its human rights
complaint against France for its expulsions of Gypsies, or Roma,
after Paris promised to alter some of its laws to match EU
2010 Oct 19, The EU announced
plans for a five-year ban on animal cloning for food production as
well as a traceability system for imports of semen and embryos of
2010 Oct 19, In France masked
youths clashed with police and set fires in cities across the
country as protests against a proposed hike in the retirement age
took an increasingly radical turn. Hundreds of flights were
canceled, long lines formed at gas stations and train service in
many regions was cut in half.
2010 Oct 19, Deutsch Bahn’s
high-speed train, ICE-3, became the first German train to pass
through the Channel tunnel on its way to London’s St Pancras
(Econ, 10/23/10, p.77)
2010 Oct 19, In Guinea 2
political demonstrators were killed by police in the capital, in one
of several violent street clashes ahead of a planned presidential
2010 Oct 19, India announced
the creation of a tribunal to punish those who sully the forests or
rivers or otherwise break its environmental laws, in the hopes of
clearing a backlog of some 5,000 such cases languishing in a
sluggish court system.
2010 Oct 19, In India the
Microfinance Institution Network petitioned the Andhra Pradesh state
high court to block new provisions designed to protect impoverished
people. High interest and coercive loan collection by some
microfinance groups had led to some 30 suicides.
(SFC, 10/20/10, p.D7)
2010 Oct 19, In Ingushetia
unidentified gunmen shot and killed a police officer in this
southern Russian province hours after other Islamic insurgents
raided Chechnya's regional parliament.
2010 Oct 19, Iran said some
Western companies were refusing to refuel its planes in Europe and
warned it would "confront" such measures, which it deemed illegal
under international law.
2010 Oct 19, In Iran
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez held talks with leaders expected
to focus on boosting cooperation between the countries' oil, gas and
2010 Oct 19, In Iraq a bomb
exploded near the house of a policeman in Saddam Hussein's hometown
of Tikrit, killing his 6-month-old niece, both her parents and five
other members of the same family. In Samarra a roadside bomb struck
a police patrol, killing two policemen and wounding two. In Baghdad
two bombs attached to buses exploded and wounded 15 Iranian
pilgrims. Chief UN envoy AD Melkert finished meeting with Grand
Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and was leaving the Shiite city of Najaf
when his convoy hit a roadside bomb. A member of the Iraqi security
forces was killed and several others were injured in the attack.
(AP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010 Oct 19, Nicaragua health
officials reported 17 deaths and 600 suspected cases of
leptospirosis in the past month. Most of the cases were in Leon and
2010 Oct 19, In Pakistan
violence continued in the southern city of Karachi, with at least 16
people killed in different attacks, including eight in one incident.
2010 Oct 19, South African
journalist Mzilikazi wa Afrika, arrested after writing about alleged
police corruption, said a proposed media bill could transform a
country known for being among Africa's most free and transparent to
one more like autocratic Zimbabwe. He spoke at a protest of more
than 300 people marching against the government's media proposals.
2010 Oct 19, Tibetan students
in western China marched to protest unconfirmed plans to use the
Chinese language exclusively in classes, an unusually bold challenge
to authorities that reflects a deep unease over the marginalization
of Tibetan culture.
2010 Oct 19, The UN said that
377 people had died in flooding in central and west Africa, with
nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the rainy
season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed
by Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21),
Burkina Faso (16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries
reporting less than 10 dead.
2010 Oct 19, Two employees of
the US Virgin Islands' tax bureau were accused of leading a scheme
that pilfered as much as $500,000 from the government using
fraudulent tax refund checks. Tax bureau employees Tiffanne Sutton
and Colette Hacket-Browne and others had allegedly taken part in tax
fraud since 2006.
2011 Oct 19, The Obama
administration said it has agreed to delay a $53 million arms sale
to Bahrain because of the kingdom’s continuing crackdown on the
(SFC, 10/20/11, p.A2)
2011 Oct 19, US Marine Gen.
John Allen, the top NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the
international coalition has unleashed a new offensive against the
Haqqani group, one of the country's most lethal militant networks,
and will ramp up operations next year along the Pakistan border to
better secure the Afghan capital before the US drawdown gathers
2011 Oct 19, The US
Export-Import Bank signed a deal with Nigeria aimed at providing
$1.5 billion in financing for investments in the country's woefully
inadequate electricity sector.
2011 Oct 19, In Afghanistan
ousted lawmaker Simeen Barakzai ended her hunger strike after 18
days and a direct appeal by Subghatullah Mujaddedi, a revered elder
who also served as the head of the upper house of parliament and
briefly as president in 1992. A roadside bomb killed two NATO
service members in the east. 5 Afghan soldiers and an officer were
killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province. The first 200 French
soldiers left Afghanistan, kickstarting troop withdrawals announced
three months ago by Paris.
(AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)
2011 Oct 19, Brazil’s most
wanted druglord, Alexander Mendes da Silva, was arrested in the
Paraguayan city of Pedro Juan Caballero.
2011 Oct 19, Britain’s
Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) said an energy act,
which aims to boost energy efficiency in residential homes, is now
2011 Oct 19, British police in
riot gear used sledgehammers and crowbars to clear the way for the
eviction of Irish Travelers from the Dale Farm site, in fields 30
miles (50 km) east of London, where they have lived illegally for a
decade. There are estimated to be between 15,000 and 30,000 Irish
Travelers in Britain, where they are recognized as a distinct ethnic
2011 Oct 19, In Canada Jean
Charest, the Liberal premier of Quebec, said he had asked superior
court judge France Charbonneau to probe financial ties between
construction firms and political parties dating back 15 years.
(Econ, 10/29/11, p.46)
2011 Oct 19, Violence again hit
Chile's capital as small groups of hooded youths clashed with police
and marred an otherwise peaceful march by as many as 100,000
students demanding changes in public education.
2011 Oct 19, Reports from China
said many of the 6 million migrant workers employed in a massive
railway buildup have not been paid for months, with some 10,000
kilometers (6,200 miles) of projects halted due to a lack of money.
2011 Oct 19, The German
Aerospace Center said its retired ROSAT satellite, the size of a
minivan, is hurtling toward the atmosphere and pieces of it could
crash into the Earth as early as Oct 21. The 2.69-ton (2.4 metric
ton) satellite was launched in 1990 and retired in 1999 after being
used for research on black holes and neutron stars and performing
the first all-sky survey of X-ray sources with an imaging telescope.
2011 Oct 19, In Greece new
austerity measures won initial parliamentary approval as hundreds of
youths smashed and looted stores in central Athens during a massive
anti-government rally on the first day of a 48-hour strike against
the austerity bill.
(SFC, 10/20/11, p.A6)
2011 Oct 19, In Indonesia at
least three people were killed and more than 90 injured during a
pro-independence celebration in the Papuan capital Jayapura. Local
TV footage showed paramilitary police shooting into the crowd and
beating participants with batons and bare fists.
2011 Oct 19, Iran’s
governmental newspaper reported that the government has sentenced
reformist journalist Abdolreza Tajik to six year in prison after he
was convicted of propaganda against the regime.
2011 Oct 19, Kenyan jets struck
in Somalia in a bid to rid the border area of Islamist rebels blamed
for a spate of abductions, including that of a French woman who died
in captivity. The foreign ministry in Paris announced the death of
Marie Dedieu (66), a wheelchair-bound woman who was snatched from
her beach house in the Kenyan resort of Lamu earlier this month and
taken to Somalia by her kidnappers. The first attack reportedly saw
the death of 73 Shebab. Kenyan deaths included five killed in a
2011 Oct 19, Kosovo Serb
leaders, defying a NATO warning, refused to unconditionally lift
their roadblocks in the north of the country. A day earlier the
5,500-strong NATO-led force in Kosovo, known as KFOR, said it will
take unspecified "resolute" action if the Serbs fail to lift the
2011 Oct 19, Liberia’s
ex-warlord Prince Johnson, who came third in presidential polls,
demanded 30 percent of Liberia's government from incumbent Ellen
Johnson Sirleaf in exchange for his valuable support. Johnson
reiterated concerns that a win by the Congress for Democratic
Change's Tubman would lead to the implementation of a Truth and
Reconciliation Commission report, which could see him tried for war
2011 Oct 19, Libyan
revolutionary forces fought building by building against the final
pocket of resistance in Sirte, the last major city in Libya to have
been under the control of forces loyal to the fugitive leader. 15
fighters were reported killed in a friendly fire incident.
2011 Oct 19, In northeastern
Nigeria suspected Boko Haram sect members killed four people in
three separate attacks in Maiduguri.
2011 Oct 19, Oman published
royal decrees that widen the powers of an 84-seat council that
previously had only an advisory role. The members of the Shura
Council can now take part in proposing laws to Oman's ruler and can
also suggest changes in government regulations.
2011 Oct 19, The Philippine
navy apologized to China for accidentally ramming one of its fishing
boats a day earlier near the disputed Spratly Islands in the South
2011 Oct 19, Romania's
government approved a draft law that permits the building of an
anti-ballistic interceptor site in the country as part of a US
2011 Oct 19, Syrian security
forces and pro-government gunmen killed at least 10 people in the
rebellious province of Homs. Tens of thousands of Syrians
demonstrated in Aleppo, a huge show of support for the country's
2011 Oct 19, The UN called on
Damascus to end its incursions into Lebanon, which have left three
Syrians dead in recent weeks, warning the raids could ignite
tensions in the region.
2011 Oct 19, Thailand's new
premier acknowledged that the country's flood crisis has overwhelmed
her government, and she pleaded for mercy from the media and
solidarity from the country in battling the relentless waters. The
death toll in nationwide flooding reached 317, mostly from drowning,
with nearly 9 million people affected and 27 of the country's 77
provinces still inundated. Bangkok's city government urged residents
in seven northern districts of the city to move belongings to safe
spots, but did not yet call for an evacuation.
2011 Oct 19, Turkish soldiers,
air force bombers and helicopter gunships launched an incursion into
northern Iraq, hours after Kurdish rebels killed 24 soldiers and
wounded 18 in attacks along the border. The United States and NATO
both issued statements supporting the offensive, the largest in more
than three years.
(AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)
2012 Oct 19, In northern
Afghanistan an explosion from a roadside bomb tore into a minibus
carrying people to a wedding, leaving 19 dead and 16 wounded.
Separately six football fans died and 36 were injured when their bus
collided with a fuel tanker on a narrow road about 400 km (240
miles) northwest of Kabul.
2012 Oct 19, In Bahrain a
policeman died from injuries suffered the previous night from a
blast in Eker, about 20 km (12 miles) south of the capital Manama.
2012 Oct 19, Britain's
financial regulator fined Bank of Scotland (BoS) 4.2 million pounds
for failures in its systems which meant it held inaccurate mortgage
records for 250,000 of its customers.
2012 Oct 19, Relatives of four
British soldiers killed in the war in Iraq in 2003 won the right to
sue the government for negligence, in a landmark appeal court ruling
that could open the door for other claims. Families of some of the
soldiers who lost their lives said Britain sent them to the front
line with inadequate equipment.
2012 Oct 19, British engineers
at Air Fuel Synthesis (AFS) in Teeside, northern England, said they
have produced 5 liters of synthetic petrol over a period of three
months. AFS said it has developed a way to create petrol from air
2012 Oct 19, Canadian police in
the city of London said 8 girls have been arrested after an
investigation into physical, emotional and online bullying of
another girl at their high school.
2012 Oct 19, In Egypt the
political party of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood elected Saad
el-Katatny, a former speaker of parliament, as the new leader the
Freedom and Justice Party to replace Mohammed Morsi, who resigned
from the post after winning the country's presidential election.
Several thousand protesters rallied in Cairo to demand the president
and his Muslim Brotherhood supporters ensure the country's
constitution represents all factions of society.
2012 Oct 19, The EU mediated
the first official talks between the leaders of Serbia and Kosovo,
the bitter Balkan rivals, and Serbian PM Ivica Dacic said he is
ready for a "historic compromise."
2012 Oct 19, Seattle-based
Starbucks inaugurated its first coffee house in India in a
historical building in Mumbai.
(SFC, 10/20/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 19, In southeastern
Iran a suicide attacker running from the police detonated his
explosives near a mosque killing two people.
2012 Oct 19, In southwestern
Iran a passenger bus carrying female students overturned killing 26.
2012 Oct 19, In Iraq a roadside
bomb struck the pilgrim's bus near the town of Balad. After the bomb
exploded gunmen opened fire on the bus from the roadside. 4
Pakistani Shiite pilgrims heading to a shrine died in the attack. 14
others were wounded. Gunmen shot dead a police lieutenant colonel
who worked with the State Identity Directorate.
(AP, 10/19/12)(AP, 10/20/12)
2012 Oct 19, In Lebanon a car
bomb ripped through eastern Beirut in the most serious blast this
city has seen in years. 8 people were killed, including intelligence
chief, Brig. Gen. Wissam al-Hassan. His probe over the summer led to
the arrest of former Information Minister Michel Samaha, one of
Syrian Pres. Assad's most loyal allies in Lebanon.
(AP, 10/19/12)(AP, 10/20/12)
2012 Oct 19, In Nigeria gunmen
killed a Chinese construction worker in Maiduguri. An overnight raid
in the nearby city of Potiskum left five others dead and several
2012 Oct 19, In southwest
Nigeria a bus carrying women crashed and plunged off a bridge into a
river, killing at least 12 people. 6 people remained missing.
2012 Oct 19, Pakistan's top
court recommended that the government launch legal proceedings
against retired ISI chief Asad Durrani for allegedly bankrolling
politicians running against the current ruling party in the 1990
2012 Oct 19, In Somalia a cargo
ship was freed after being held captive for nearly two years. A
$600,000 ransom was paid for the MV Orna, hijacked on Dec 20, 2010.
Six hostages were still being held by the pirates on land. Pirates
shot and killed one of the ship's crew members in August over
delayed ransom payments.
2012 Oct 19, In southern Yemen
suicide bombers wearing army fatigues stormed into an army barracks.
14 soldiers were killed and over 20 wounded in the dawn assault in
2013 Oct 19, The Obama
administration announced it was releasing over $1.6 billion in
economic and military assistance to Pakistan.
(SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A3)
2013 Oct 19, In northern
California BART train workers Laurence Daniels (66) and Christopher
Sheppard (58) were killed near the Walnut Creek BART station a day
after BART workers went on strike. BART said the train was on a
maitenance run. A transit insider later said the train was on a
strike-related training run. In 2018 The California Public Utilities
Commission fined BART $1.3 million for safety violations in the
(SFC, 10/21/13, p.C2)(SFC, 10/12/18, p.A9)
2013 Oct 19, In Pennsylvania an
SUV crossed a center line and ran into two motocycles. 4 people on
the motorcycles and one person in the SUV were killed in Franklin
(SFC, 10/21/13, p.A3)
2013 Oct 19, In Argentina at
least 99 people were hurt, some seriously, in a train crash at the
same Buenos Aires commuter rail stop where a deadly accident killed
dozens just last year.
2013 Oct 19, In Belgium a plane
carrying 10 skydivers, including one making her maiden jump for her
birthday, crashed shortly after takeoff, killing everyone on board
and the pilot.
2013 Oct 19, Belarus freed
Paval Sevyarynets (36), a leading opposition politician. He had
served three years forced labour for protesting against the
iron-fisted rule of President Alexander Lukashenko.
2013 Oct 19, In southeastern
Brazil animal rights activist clashed with police in front of a
laboratory in Sao Roque that used dogs for drug tests.
2013 Oct 19, The violin played
by the Titanic's bandmaster as the ship sank beneath the waves sold
at a London auction for £900,000 ($1.45 million, 1.06 million
euros), a world record for memorabilia from the doomed liner.
2013 Oct 19, British actor and
musician Noel Harrison (79), suffered a heart attack in Devon and
died in a hospital. He sang the Academy Award-winning ballad "The
Windmills of Your Mind," by French composer Michel Legrand and
American lyricists Alan and Marilyn Bergman.
2013 Oct 19, In Canada a train
carrying crude oil and liquefied petroleum gas derailed west of
Edmonton, Alberta, causing a fire, but no injuries.
2013 Oct 19, Colombia’s army
said government troops have captured six rebels including Freddy
Chona Payare, a member of the security team of the leader of the
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
2013 Oct 19, In Egypt a car
bomb exploded near a military intelligence compound in the Suez
Canal city of Ismailia, wounding six soldiers.
2013 Oct 19, French Socialist
Pres. Francois Hollande, under fire from the far left and members of
his own party, said that a 15-year-old girl who was detained
in front of her classmates and expelled as an illegal immigrant can
return to France. But the rest of the family cannot come with her.
2013 Oct 19, Police in India
said at least 32 people have died in Adampur village in Uttar
Pradesh state after drinking toxic bootleg liquor.
(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A6)
2013 Oct 19, In Iraq a
car bomb on a commercial street in northern Baghdad killed 3 people.
2013 Oct 19, In Italy a Milan
appeals court set Silvio Berlusconi's political ban in his tax fraud
conviction at two years. Demonstrators clashed with police as tens
of thousands marched through Rome to protest against unemployment,
government cuts and big construction projects they say take money
away from social services.
(AP, 10/19/13)(Reuters, 10/20/13)
2013 Oct 19, The Maldives sank
further into political disarray when police blocked officials from
conducting a presidential revote, saying that holding the election
would violate a Supreme Court order.
2013 Oct 19, Hamas, its Gaza
Strip stronghold cut off by the new military-backed government in
Egypt, called upon rival Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas to end
their six-year schism and form a unity government.
2013 Oct 19, Thousands of
Portuguese protested against new wage and pension cuts in the
country's 2014 budget and demanded the resignation of the
2013 Oct 19, Thousands of
Romanians protested against plans by US energy group Chevron to
explore for shale gas in a poor eastern region and a Canadian
company's project to set up Europe's biggest open cast gold mine in
a Carpathian town.
2013 Oct 19, In Somalia a
suicide bomber killed at least 16 people, including 4 Ethiopian
soldiers, in an attack on a cafe in Beledweyne, a town close to the
Ethiopian border frequented by local and foreign soldiers fighting
al Qaeda-linked rebels.
(AFP, 10/19/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A7)
2013 Oct 19, Syrian rebels
assaulted a checkpoint in a suburb of Damascus, setting off a
suicide car bomb that killed 16 soldiers. More than 30 combatants
from both sides died in the blast and ensuing clashes.
(AP, 10/19/13)(Reuters, 10/19/13)
2013 Oct 19, In southern
Thailand bombings and drive-by shootings killed 5 people and injured
13 others including 8 soldiers and 5 journalists.
(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A6)
2013 Oct 19, Tunisia said
government forces have killed 9 "terrorists" and seized two tons of
explosives in the north of the country where policemen died this
week in a jihadist attack.
2014 Oct 19, In New Hampshire
Keene State College students cleaned up from a chaotic weekend after
violent parties near the city’s annual pumpkin festival led to
property damage and dozens of arrests.
(SFC, 10/20/14, p.A5)
2014 Oct 19, In Afghanistan
insurgents attacked several army checkpoints in Logar and Uruzgan
provinces, killing at least 4 troops.
2014 Oct 19, Australia's
foreign minister said she had reached a deal with Baghdad for the
deployment of about 200 special forces to assist Iraqi troops in
their fight against jihadists.
2014 Oct 19, In Egypt 6
security force personnel were killed by a remotely detonated
roadside bomb in the Sinai Peninsula as they patrolled a natural gas
(AP, 10/19/14)(Reuters, 10/24/14)
2014 Oct 19, Hong Kong police
charged protesters gathered at a barricade early today, leaving many
requiring medical treatment just hours after the government
confirmed talks aimed at ending three weeks of pro-democracy
2014 Oct 19, Italy’s PM Matteo
Renzi announced a tax break for mothers of about $101 per month for
the first three years o their children’s lives.
(Econ, 10/25/14, p.55)
2014 Oct 19, Libya's
beleaguered elected parliament in Tobruk declared a formal alliance
with renegade former general Khalifa Haftar, as it struggled to
assert authority in a country many fear is sliding into outright
2014 Oct 19, In southern Mexico
federal police took control of 13 municipalities where local police
are suspected of links to organized crime and possibly to the case
of 43 missing students.
2014 Oct 19, A Mozambican
opposition party which came third in presidential and legislative
polls said it rejected the results and would mount a legal
2014 Oct 19, North and South
Korean troops exchanged gunfire along their fortified border in the
second such shooting in less than 10 days.
2014 Oct 19, The Swedish
military said it had made three credible sightings of foreign
undersea activity in its waters during the past few days amid
reports of a suspected Russian intrusion in the area.
2014 Oct 19, In Syria Islamic
State fighters continued to hit Kurdish defenders in Kobani with
mortars. The Observatory said 70 Islamic State fighters had been
killed in the past two days.
2014 Oct 19, Tanzanian police
shot dead Yahaya Omari (31) as he tried to escape while being
transferred to Dodoma. He was suspected of carrying out bomb attacks
in the tourist town of Arusha, including targeting a church and
2014 Oct 19, In Thailand a
tourist speedboat collided with a fishing vessel near Phuket. The
bodies of two tourists from South Korea were found two days later.
(SFC, 10/20/14, p.A2)(AP, 10/21/14)
2014 Oct 19, Pope Francis
beatified Pope Paul VI, concluding the remarkable meeting of bishops
debating family issues. They failed to reach consensus on the two
most divisive issues at the synod: on welcoming gays and divorced
and civilly remarried couples.
2014 Oct 19, Yemen's Shiite
rebels captured Yarim, a town south of Sanaa, in clashes that left
12 people dead. They also blew up the home of a rival Islamist
politician in Yarim. Thousands in the Houthi-controlled port of
Hodeida demonstrated to press demands for the rebels to leave the
2015 Oct 19, US-led forces
conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, eight of
them near the contested Sinjar area, and two air strikes in Syria.
2015 Oct 19, A US federal judge
in San Francisco ruled that Congressional action prohibits federal
drug enforcers from shutting medical marijuana dispensaries that
comply with state law.
(SFC, 10/20/15, p.A1)
2015 Oct 19, Djordje Ristanic,
a Bosnian Serb civilian official during the 1992-95 war, was
indicted of war crimes against hundreds of Bosnian Muslims and
2015 Oct 19, British citizen
Stephen Port (40) was charged in London with drugging and murdering
four young men he met on gay websites. The deaths took place between
June 2014 and last month.
2015 Oct 19, Canada held
elections. Liberal leader Justin Trudeau rode a late surge to a
stunning majority election victory. The Liberals seized a
Parliamentary majority, a turn in political fortunes that smashed
the record for the number of seats gained from one election to the
2015 Oct 19, Chinese President
Xi Jinping began a four-day state visit to Britain as part of a push
to increase trade ties between the two countries.
2015 Oct 19, Croatia opened its
border with Serbia for migrants and thousands rushed across. Some
5,000 migrants reached Slovenia from Croatia, with another 1,200 on
their way by train.
(AP, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/19/15)
2015 Oct 19, Egyptians largely
stayed away from parliamentary elections for a second day,
highlighting growing disillusionment since the army seized power in
2015 Oct 19, A general strike
and curfew shut Indian-controlled Kashmir following the death of a
Muslim teenager attacked by a Hindu mob over rumors of cows being
slaughtered. Zahid Rasool and another truck driver had been set
ablaze by a mob after their vehicle stopped in the Hindu-dominated
Udhampur neighborhood. Rasool died a day earlier from burns suffered
in the attack.
2015 Oct 19, Lawyers said
Ireland has agreed to pay the Romanian Gypsy parents of a blond boy
60,000 euros ($68,000) in compensation after conceding that police
in 2013 employed prejudicial racial profiling when seizing the
2015 Oct 19, In Lebanon 8
people were killed and many wounded when the army targeted militant
positions along the eastern border with war-torn Syria.
2015 Oct 19, NATO held a launch
ceremony for its biggest military exercise in 13 years, mobilizing
36,000 soldiers, sailors and airmen from more than 30 countries to
test the alliance's ability to respond to new security threats.
Trapani, Sicily, will serve as the center for the exercise that
begins Oct 21 and runs through early November.
2015 Oct 19, Gunmen kidnapped
two Lithuanian and two Ukrainian sailors off southern Nigeria. The
ship, flagged in the Comoro Islands, was attacked near Port
2015 Oct 19, Oslo, Norway,
officials said cars will be banned from the city center by 2019 to
help reduce pollution.
2015 Oct 19, In South Africa
chanting protesters, including medical students with stethoscopes
around their necks, demonstrated against planned increases in
tuition fees at a number of top universities.
2015 Oct 19, In South Africa
footage from closed circuit television showed police firing at the
man from close range as he lay on the ground in Krugersdorp, a town
west of Johannesburg. On Nov 2 four police officers were arrested on
2015 Oct 19, Syrian government
forces advanced under the cover of Russian airstrikes toward an air
base besieged by the Islamic State group in the north. Rebels
battling the Syrian army and its allies near Aleppo said they had
received new supplies of US-made anti-tank missiles from states
opposed to President Bashar al-Assad since the start of a major
government offensive last week. The commander of the Nour al Din
al-Zinki Brigades was killed in fighting south of Aleppo.
(AP, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/19/15)(Reuters,
2015 Oct 19, In Syria Russian
jets hit an Islamic State training camp and command post of Al-Qaeda
affiliate Al-Nusra Front as they bombed 49 targets in the latest
wave of strikes. Russian air strikes in Latakia province killed
rebel commander Basil Zamo and 4 other fighters from First Coastal
Division, a group armed by Pres. Bashar al-Assad's foreign enemies.
A further 15 civilians were killed in the air strike in Jabal Akrad.
At least 3 Russians fighting alongside Syrian government forces were
killed and several more wounded when a shell hit their position in
(AFP, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/20/15)
2015 Oct 19, Turkey’s PM Ahmet
Davutoglu confirmed that one of the suicide bombers in the Oct 10
attack in Ankara had been officially identified through DNA testing.
2015 Oct 19, Yemen said it has
accepted an invitation from UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to for
talks with Shiite rebels at the end of this month to discuss the
implementation of a UN resolution that calls for the end of the
2016 Oct 19, In northern
California Jack Lee Breiner fatally shot Deputy Jack Hopkins (31) as
he responded to a domestic disturbance call in Alturas.
(SSFC, 10/30/16, p.A8)
2016 Oct 19, In Afghanistan a
gunman in an Afghan army uniform shot dead at least two American
advisers and wounded three more near a base in Kabul before being
killed himself. Army Sgt. Douglas J. Riney (26) of Fairview,
Illinois, and Michael G. Sauro (40) of McAlester, Oklahoma, died of
wounds received in the attack.
2016 Oct 19, Egypt's highest
court quashed death sentences imposed on 14 Islamists over an attack
on a police station in protest at the military's overthrow in 2013
of then-President Mohamed Mursi. Eight more defendants in the case
were sentenced to death in absentia.
2016 Oct 19, The European Court
of Justice ruled that internet-protocol addresses are subject to
Europe’s data protection laws.
(Econ, 11/5/16, p.59)
2016 Oct 19, Indonesia, one of
the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitters, ratified a landmark
climate rescue pact but environmentalists expressed skepticism about
the government's plans to limit global warming.
2016 Oct 19, A senior Iraqi
general called on Iraqis fighting for the Islamic State group in
Mosul to surrender as a wide-scale operation to retake the
militant-held city entered its third day. Residents began returning
to the village of Sheikh Amir on the road to Mosul, recaptured
overnight by advancing Kurdish fighters.
(AP, 10/19/16)(Reuters, 10/19/16)
2016 Oct 19, In Kashmir firing
by Indian troops along the Line of Control, a ceasefire violation,
killed one Pakistani and wounded 12.
2016 Oct 19, In Kazakhstan two
Russian cosmonauts and a NASA astronaut soared into orbit in a Soyuz
spacecraft at the start of a two-day journey to the International
2016 Oct 19, Palestinian woman
Raheeq Shajeyeh Youssef (19) approached Israeli border police with a
knife in a tense area of the West Bank and was shot dead by
officers. Video later emerged appearing to show officers open fire
on the woman after she was already on the ground.
(AP, 10/19/16)(AFP, 10/20/16)
2016 Oct 19, In Syria a pause
in Russian and Syrian strikes on Aleppo held into a second day,
ahead of a brief ceasefire aimed at allowing civilians and rebels to
quit the devastated city. Around 620 rebels and their families began
evacuating the besieged town of Moadamiyat al-Sham, southwest of
Damascus, under a deal with the government.
2016 Oct 19, In Yemen Saudi-led
air strikes hit military bases in Sanaa and rival militias battled
near the country's border with the kingdom, hours before a
UN-mediated truce took effect. Houthi militia reportedly violated
the truce 43 times and shelled the strategic city of Taiz.
(Reuters, 10/19/16)(Reuters, 10/20/16)
2017 Oct 19, US EPA
Administrator Scott Pruitt said in the letter that the agency will
keep renewable fuel volume mandates for next year at or above
proposed levels, reversing a previous move to open the door to cuts.
2017 Oct 19, Alabama executed
Torrey Twane McNabb for killing a police officer in 1997.
(SFC, 10/20/17, p.A5)
2017 Oct 19, In Florida Anthony
Naiboa (20) was shot and killed in the Tampa area.
(SFC, 11/30/17, p.A6)
2017 Oct 19, Former
Massachusetts sheriff's deputy Antonio Freitas, convicted of helping
a fishing mogul known as the Codfather smuggle the profits of an
illegal scheme to evade catch quotas, was sentenced to a year in
2017 Oct 19, In Ohio baby
sitter Summer Shalobi (32) pleaded guilty to involuntary
manslaughter for giving a 17-month old baby the antianxiety drug
Xanax before leaving to go shop and meet a friend at the movies in
(SFC, 10/21/17, p.A7)
2017 Oct 19, Google began
selling its 2nd generation Daydream View, a virtual reality viewer,
(SFC, 10/20/17, p.C1)
2017 Oct 19, Egyptian
authorities released high-profile Irish detainee Ibrahim Halawa
following his acquittal last month of charges including murder, in a
four-year mass trial criticized by human rights groups.
2017 Oct 19, Egyptian lawyer
Nabih el-Wahsh said on a TV talk show that harassing or raping women
wearing ripped jeans is a "national duty." On Nov. 2 Egypt's highest
women's rights body said it has filed a complaint to the top
prosecutor seeking legal action against El-Wahsh.
2017 Oct 19, A Baghdad court
issued an arrest warrant for Kosrat Rasul, the vice president of
Iraqi Kurdistan, on charges of "provocation" against Iraq's armed
forces. The UN expressed concern at reports of forced displacement
of civilians, mainly Kurds, and the looting and destruction of their
houses and businesses in northern Iraq.
(AFP, 10/19/17)(Reuters, 10/19/17)
2017 Oct 19, In Italy a Spanish
tourist (52) was struck and killed in one of the aisles at the
Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence.
2017 Oct 19, Kurdish officials
said about 100,000 Kurds have fled the Kirkuk region for fear of
persecution since Iraqi armed forces retook disputed territory after
a Kurdish independence vote rejected by Baghdad.
2017 Oct 19, In Morocco the new
Yves Saint Laurent museum opened its doors to the public in
Marrakech. The museum was inaugurated Oct. 14 by the wife of
Moroccan King Mohammed VI, Lalla Salma, alongside actresses
Catherine Deneuve and Marisa Berenson.
2017 Oct 19, The small New
Zealand First Party backed the Labor Party putting Jacinda Ardern
(37) in line to be New Zealand’s next prime minister.
(SFC, 10/20/17, p.A4)
2017 Oct 19, A Pakistani
anti-corruption court indicted ousted PM Nawaz Sharif and his
daughter over allegations linked to ownership of London properties,
opening a trial that could see the former leader jailed.
2017 Oct 19, Omar Khalid
Khorasani, the leader of Pakistani militant group Jamaat-ul-Ahrar,
died of wounds sustained in a US drone strike in Afghanistan. He had
planned some of the deadliest suicide bombings in Pakistan over the
2017 Oct 19, Peru's
conservative Congress passed a bill to legalize medical marijuana
late today with a 68-5 vote in favor of allowing cannabis oil to be
produced, imported and commercialized.
2017 Oct 19, Philippine troops
battled to defeat a final stand by the last dozens of pro-Islamic
State group militants in the southern city of Marawi. Officials said
13 more suspected militants were killed last evening, including one
believed to be a top Malaysian terror suspect although his body
hasn't been recovered yet.
2017 Oct 19, Poland's
government announced plans to significantly increase spending on
health care as a hunger protest by young doctors demanding more
funds for the sector entered a third week.
2017 Oct 19, Amnesty
International released a report alleging that Polish authorities
have used surveillance, prosecutions, harassment and excessive force
in some cases against peaceful anti-government protesters since
2017 Oct 19, Serbia's defense
minister said former Serb Gen. Vladimir Lazarevic, convicted of war
crimes, and two other commanders who took part in a bloody crackdown
against Kosovo's Albanians in the 1990s, will be invited to teach at
the Balkan country's military academy. Lazarevic was released from
prison in 2015 after serving two-thirds of his sentence.
2017 Oct 19, Swedish steel
production company SSAB Americas said it is moving its Unites States
division headquarters from Lisle, Illinois, to Mobile, Alabama. The
move will unfold over the course of next year. The company has
operated a mill north of Mobile in Axis since 2001.
2017 Oct 19, In Syria Iran's
military chief met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad during a
visit to Damascus to set out a joint military strategy, a sign of
deepening Iranian influence that has alarmed Israel.
2017 Oct 19, In Syria US-backed
forces who captured Raqa from the Islamic State group prepared to
hand the city over to a civilian authority, with some of their
fighters already headed to the next battle.
2017 Oct 19, Tanzanian police
said they are holding 12 men, including two South Africans, for
questioning over allegations of promoting homosexuality.
Homosexuality is criminalized in Tanzania under a colonial-era law.
2017 Oct 19, In Togo gangs of
youths and security forces clashed sporadically in Lome before a
planned opposition protest that the government has ruled illegal.
2017 Oct 19, Turkey’s Recep
Tayyip Erdogan and visiting Nigerian Pres. Muhammadu Buhari vowed to
ramp up security and economic cooperation between Ankara and
Africa's most populous nation.
2017 Oct 19, Ukrainian
lawmakers voted through a long-delayed overhaul of the health system
that the state's Western backers say will raise standards and tackle
a culture of bribe-taking in surgeries and hospitals.
2017 Oct 19, Ukrainian
lawmakers moved towards meeting one of the demands of
anti-corruption protesters who have set up the first tent city in
Kiev since the pro-EU revolt of 2014. Lawmakers agreed to push
forward for Constitutional Court review a bill stripping parliament
members of immunity from prosecution starting in 2020.
2018 Oct 19, The US accused
Russian woman Elena Alekseevna Khusyaynova of helping oversee the
finances of a sweeping, secretive effort to sway American public
opinion through social media in the first federal case alleging
foreign interference in the 2018 midterm elections.
2018 Oct 19, American
intelligence officials released a rare public statement asserting
that Russia, China, Iran and other countries are engaged in ongoing
efforts to influence US policy and voters in future elections.
2018 Oct 19, In northern
California William Deen Brown (39) was arrested in Santa Rosa after
DNA evidence linked him to the rape of a girl (14) near a Rohnert
(SSFC, 10/21/18, p.C3)
2018 Oct 19, In Michigan police
raided the Perry Funeral Home in Detroit. Officers found 36 fetuses
in boxes and 27 others in freezers. The business was immediately
closed and its license suspended.
(SSFC, 10/21/18, p.A14)
2018 Oct 19, Afghanistan's
election commission postponed elections in Kandahar for a week,
following a brazen attack on a high-profile security meeting there.
2018 Oct 19, British former
deputy prime minister Nick Clegg, a leading anti-Brexit advocate,
said he would be starting a job at Facebook, as the US giant faces
up to regulatory pressures.
2018 Oct 19, The London-based
European Medicines Agency said it had adopted a "positive opinion"
of Dengvaxia, the first vaccine for dengue, made by Sanofi of
(SFC, 10/20/18, p.A2)
2018 Oct 19, It was reported
that 20 men have been jailed for raping and abusing more than a
dozen teenage girls in the city of Huddersfield in northern England
after a judge lifted reporting restrictions. The men were found
guilty in a series of trials this year.
2018 Oct 19, Radical Islamic
preacher Anjem Choudary (51) was released from a British prison
after serving less than half of a 5-1/2-year prison sentence for
encouraging support for the Islamic State group.
2018 Oct 19, The Comoros
government and main opposition signed a deal that could end the
latest bout of instability to rock the Indian Ocean nation after
violence flared on Anjouan island.
2018 Oct 19, Europe and Asia
presented a united front in support of free trade based on
international rules and cooperation, starkly underscoring their
differences with U.S. President Donald Trump's "America First"
2018 Oct 19, European and Asian
leaders gave their backing to the Iran nuclear deal, saying the pact
is good for global security and that it's important to respect
2018 Oct 19, The European
Union's top court ordered Poland to "immediately suspend" its
decision to lower the retirement age of its Supreme Court judges,
which it said threatens judicial independence. Poland's rightwing
government has lowered the age at which Supreme Court judges must
retire from 70 to 65, allowing the appointment of figures seen as
loyal by Warsaw's current leadership.
2018 Oct 19, Hundreds of
Central American migrants bedded down overnight on a bridge
separating Guatemala and Mexico, many squeezed against a metal
border gate, as efforts to halt a trek north by a caravan of
thousands of people gathered pace under US pressure. A rush on the
border ended when Mexican security forces with riot shields and
pepper spray drove them back.
(Reuters, 10/19/18)(AP, 10/20/18)
2018 Oct 19, In India dozens of
Hindu priests joined conservative protesters to block women of
menstruating age from the Sabarimala temple, one of the world's
largest Hindu pilgrimage sites, defying a ruling from India's top
court to let them enter.
2018 Oct 19, In India a train
ran over people in the northern state of Punjab. 59 people watching
fireworks were killed on the outskirts of Amritsar with another 57
(Reuters, 10/19/18)(AP, 10/19/18)(Reuters,
2018 Oct 19, Iran's official
IRNA news agency reported that three seamen have died from an
unspecified toxic substance that poisoned all 11 crew members of an
Iranian cargo ship on the Caspian Sea. Preliminary information
indicated that the crew had been poisoned by chemicals used to
protect grain being carried from Kazakhstan to Azerbaijan.
2018 Oct 19, The Japanese
government ordered KYB Corp., a company that falsified quality data
for earthquake "shock absorbers" used in hundreds of buildings, to
speed up an investigation and fix any problems quickly.
2018 Oct 19, In Kenya running
great Kip Keino (78) said that charges against him in a Kenyan
Olympic corruption case have been dropped and he has been released.
2018 Oct 19, Macedonia's
parliament approved the proposed new name of Republic of North
Macedonia after a referendum last month failed to reach the minimum
2018 Oct 19, Malaysia's former
deputy prime minister, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, was charged with abuse of
power, corruption and money laundering involving millions of dollars
in another graft investigation against leaders ousted in elections
earlier this year.
2018 Oct 19, Members of a
3,000-strong US-bound migrant caravan massed in a Guatemalan border
town and prepared to begin crossing the muddy Suchiate River to
Mexico. Mexican Foreign Minister Luis Videgaray said that members of
a caravan of Central American migrants heading north should proceed
individually if they decide to enter Mexico.
(AP, 10/19/18)(Reuters, 10/19/18)
2018 Oct 19, Norway released
Mikhail Bochkarev (51), a Russian man suspected of spying at the
Norwegian parliament. A Norwegian judge ruled a day earlier that
investigators had failed to substantiate their case and Norway's
intelligence service withdrew an appeal against the decision.
2018 Oct 19, Thousands of
Palestinians massed along Israel's frontier, with dozens approaching
and breaching the perimeter fence that separates Gaza from Israel.
Gaza's Health Ministry reported 77 Palestinians were wounded by
Israeli fire and six of them were in serious condition.
2018 Oct 19, In South Africa at
least 27 people, including small children, were killed in a
multi-vehicle accident in Limpopo province.
2018 Oct 19, In Syria US
coalition air strikes killed 41 people, including 10 children, in
al-Sousa village and its environs over the last two days. The
coalition raids also killed 22 jihadists around the Euphrates River
near the Iraqi border, one of the last Islamic State enclaves in
2018 Oct 19, The Islamic State
group released two women and four children among 27 surviving Druze
hostages it seized during a deadly July 25 attack on the minority
community's heartland in southern Syria.
2018 Oct 19, Turkey widened the
investigation into the disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi
after his visit to the Saudi consulate, searching a forest in the
city and interviewing the mission's staff.
2018 Oct 19, In Uzbekistan
Russian President Vladimir Putin and Uzbek President Shavkat
Mirziyoyev ordered the start of preliminary work at the ex-Soviet
republic's first nuclear power plant. The $11 billion plant will
have two 1,200-megawatt nuclear reactors and was set to begin
operating in 2028.
2018 Oct 19, Archbishop Carlo
Maria Vigano, the Vatican ambassador who accused Pope Francis of
rehabilitating a disgraced ex-American cardinal, doubled down on his
claims, asserting that the "scourge of homosexuality" in the
priesthood is responsible for sex abuse and that the Vatican is
being hypocritical in refusing to acknowledge it.
Go to October 20