Return to home480BC Oct 20, Greeks defeated the
Persians in a naval battle at Salamis. [see Sep 20]
1097 Oct 20, 1st Crusaders
arrived in Antioch.
1268 Oct 20, Konradijn
Hohenstaufen, son of Koenraad IV, was beheaded in Naples. [see Oct
1435 Oct 20, Andrea Della
Robbia, sculptor, nephew of Luca, was born in Florence.
1438 Oct 20, Jacopo di Piero
della Quercia (64), Italian sculptor, died.
1496 Oct 20, Spain’s Juana of
Castile (1479-1555) married Philip the Handsome, the Duke of
Burgundy, in Lier (later a part of Belgium). Philip's parents were
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and his first wife, Duchess Mary of
Burgundy. Juana had sailed from Spain with 15,000 men to the
Habsburg Netherlands. Between 1498 and 1507, she gave birth to six
children: two emperors and four queens.
1587 Oct 20, In France,
Huguenot Henri de Navarre routed Duke de Joyeuse's larger Catholic
force at Coutras.
1603 Oct 20, A Chinese uprising
in the Philippines failed after 23,000 killed.
1632 Oct 20, Sir Christopher
Wren (d.1723), astronomer and architect, was born. He designed the
current St. Paul’s Cathedral in London.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.14)(HN, 10/20/98)
1637 Oct 20, Nicolaas van der
Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs), was born.
1687 Oct 20, In Peru a massive
earthquake leveled most of Lima. It triggered a tsunami and overall
about 5,000 people died.
1709 Oct 20, Marlborough and
Eugene of Savoy took Mons in the Netherlands.
1714 Oct 20, Georg Ludwig of
Hanover was crowned as George I of England. Queen Anne of England
died and was succeeded by the Elector of Hanover. The
Hanoverian dynasty ruled to 1901. [see Oct 31]
(LGC-HCS, p.36)(HN, 10/20/98)(WUD, 1994, p.644)
1740 Oct 20, Maria Theresa
became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia upon the death of her
father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.
1759 Oct 20, Marie Jean Herault
de Sechelles, French author, politician, French Revolutionary, was
1765 Oct 20, William August
(44) duke of Cumberland, English supreme commander, died. [see Oct
1774 Oct 20, The Continental
Congress ordered the discouragement of entertainment.
1780 Oct 20, M. Pauline
Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma and Guastalla, was born.
1786 Oct 20, Harvard University
organized the 1st astronomical expedition in US.
1803 Oct 20, The US Senate
voted to ratify Jefferson's Louisiana Purchase.
(CO, Grolier's, 11/10/95) (AP, 10/20/97)
1817 Oct 20, The 1st
Mississippi "Showboat," left Nashville on maiden voyage.
1818 Oct 20, The United States
and Britain established the 49th Parallel as the boundary between
Canada and the United States.
1819 Oct 20, Daniel Edgar
Sickles (d.1914), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1820 Oct 20, Spain sold a part
of Florida to US for $5 million. [see Feb 22, 1821]
1822 Oct 20, The 1st edition of
the London Sunday Times was published.
1827 Oct 20, British, French
and Russian squadrons entered the harbor at Navarino, Greece, and
destroyed most of the Egyptian fleet there. The Ottomans demanded
(EWH, 4th ed,
1833 Oct 20, Charles Darwin
reached the river mouth of Parana.
1835 Oct 20, HMS Beagle left
the Galapagos Archipelago and sailed to Tahiti.
1854 Oct 20, Arthur Rimbaud
(d.1891), French poet (Illuminations), was born.
(HN, 10/20/00)(MC, 10/20/01)
1859 Oct 20, John Dewey
(d.1952), American political philosopher, educational theorist and
writer (Learn by doing), was born in Michigan. He was called an
advanced liberal and in 1995 Alan Ryan publishes a biography on
Dewey titled: John Dewey and the High Tide of American Liberalism.
Ryan points out that Dewey’s ideas were anti-institutional, that he
advocated economic and social democracy, that he was more of a
romantic and concerned with how things ought to be in an ideal
world. “Open-mindedness is not the same as empty-mindedness. To hang
out a sign saying, ‘Come right in; there is no one at home’ is not
the equivalent of hospitality."
(Civil., Jul-Aug., ‘95, p.77)(MT, Fall. ‘97,
p.15)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A22)(MC, 10/20/01)(AP, 2/25/98)
1864 Oct 20, Lincoln
established Thanksgiving as a national holiday. [see Oct 3, 1863]
1866 Nov 20, Pierre Lallemont,
French mechanic, was granted a US patented for his velocipede, a
rotary crank bicycle.
1870 Oct 20, The Summer Palace
in Beijing, China, was burnt to the ground by a Franco-British
1870 Oct 20, Michael William
Balfe (62), composer (Bohemian Girl), died.
1873 Oct 20, The P.T. Barnum
Hippodrome featuring the "Greatest Show on Earth," opened in NYC.
1874 Oct 20, Charles Ives
(d.1954), composer, was born in Danbury, Ct. His work included
symphonies, songs, and “Three Places in New England." He was pioneer
of dissonance as flavoring.
(WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A10)(HN, 10/20/00)(MC, 10/20/01)
1877 Oct 20, Franz Schubert's
2nd Symphony in B, premiered.
1882 Oct 20, Bela Lugosi
(d.1956), film actor, was born in Lugos, Hungary, as Bela Blasko. He
is famous for his portrayal of Count Dracula (1931).
1883 Oct 20, Max Bruch's "Kol
Nidre," 1st performed.
1884 Oct 20, Bela Lugosi,
Hungarian-born film actor, was born. He is famous for his portrayal
of Count Dracula (1931). [see Oct 20, 1882]
1885 Oct 20, Ferdinand
Lamenthe, aka Jelly Roll Morton (d.1941), jazz pianist, composer and
singer, was born in New Orleans. He was one of the first to
orchestrate jazz music and disputed W.C. Handy's claim to be the
originator of jazz and blues. He became famous at an early age for
his classically informed improvisational piano playing often in
brothels and other non-traditional settings. With his Red Hot
Peppers in the 1920s, he pioneered the early jazz practice of
reorchestrating and improvising upon well-known standards. He also
wrote many enduring jazz tunes including the ‘London Rag’ and the
‘Jelly Roll Blues’.
1891 Oct 20, Sir James
Chadwick, physicist, was born. He won the Nobel Prize for
discovering the neutron.
1891 Oct 20, Jomo Kenyatta,
Kenya opposition leader and 1st premier (1963-78), was born.
1892 Oct 20, The city of
Chicago dedicated the World's Columbian Exposition.
1894 Oct 20 (OS), Alexander III
(b.1845), Russian tsar (b.1881-94), died in Livadia, Crimea.
(MT, Fall/03, p.12)(www2.sptimes.com)
1900 Oct 20, Wayne Morse,
(Sen-R/D-Ore), was born.
1900 Oct 20, Heinrich Himmler,
head of SS, was born. [see Oct 7, 1900]
1901 Oct 20, Adelaide Hall,
cabaret singer, was born.
1903 Oct 20, The Joint
Commission, set up on January 24 by Great Britain and the United
States to arbitrate the disputed Alaskan boundary, ruled in favor of
the United States. The deciding vote was Britain's, which embittered
Canada. The United States gained ports on the panhandle coast of
(AP, 10/20/97)(HN, 10/20/98)
1904 Oct 20, Bolivia and Chile
signed a treaty ending the War of the Pacific. The treaty recognized
Chile's possession of Bolivia's nitrate-rich coastal province of
Antofagasta, but provided for construction of a railway to link La
Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast.
(HN, 10/20/98)(Econ, 12/6/03, p.34)
1905 Oct 20, A Great General
Strike in Russia began and lasted 11 days.
1905 Oct 20, Russian tsar
allowed Polish people to speak Polish.
1911 Oct 20, Will Rogers Jr,
actor (Down to Earth), was born in NY.
1918 Oct 20, Germany aimed at
an armistice and agreed to further concessions.
1920 Oct 20, Max Bruch (82),
German composer (Kol Nidre), died.
1923 Oct 20, Herschel Bernardi,
actor (Arnie, Voice of Charlie the Tuna, Front), was born.
1923 Oct 20, Philip Whalen
(d.2002), Zen Buddhist priest and SF Beat poet, was born in
(SFC, 6/27/02, p.A19)
1924 Oct 20, Baseball’s first
“colored World Series" was held in Kansas City, Mo.
1925 Oct 20, Art Buchwald,
humorist, was born in Mt. Vernon, NY.
(HN, 10/20/00)(MC, 10/20/01)
1926 Oct 20, A hurricane in
Cuba killed 600.
1930 Oct 20, A British White
Paper restricted Jews from buying Arab land.
1931 Oct 20, Mickey Mantle,
baseball great who played for the New York Yankees, was born.
1932 Oct 20, Michael McClure,
beat poet, was born.
1934 Oct 20, Michael Dunn,
actor (House of the Damned, Ship of Fools), was born in Shattuck,
1934 Oct 20, An all-star team
led by Babe Ruth and Connie Mack sailed to Hawaii and Japan.
1934 Oct 20, Richard Strauss
completed his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau."
1935 Oct 20, Jerry Ohrbach,
actor (Law & Order, Dirty Dancing), was born in Bronx, NYC.
1935 Oct 20, 400,000
demonstrated against fascism in Madrid.
1938 Oct 20, Czechoslovakia,
complying with Nazi policy, outlawed the Communist Party and began
1940 Oct 20, Robert Pinsky,
former U.S. Poet Laureate, was born.
1940 Oct 20, German troops
reached the approaches to Moscow.
1941 Oct 20, Nazi occupiers
murdered 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac, Serbia.
1943 Oct 20, A US B-17 bomber
crashed in the Netherlands near the small town of de Bilt. Of the 10
men on board 5 died and 5 were captured. Robert Surdez, co-pilot,
died in 2004.
(SFC, 3/30/04, p.B1)(SFC, 8/11/04, p.B7)
1944 Oct 20, US 1st army won
the battle of Aachen.
1944 Oct 20, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur stepped ashore on A-Day (attack day) at Leyte in the
Philippines, 2 1/2 years after he'd said, "I shall return." He
landed with Sergio Osmena, the president-in-exile, and Gen’l. Carlos
Romulo, who later served as foreign minister.
(AP, 10/20/97)(HN, 10/20/98)(SFC, 10/20/04, p.B3)
1944 Oct 20, Liquid-gas tanks
in Cleveland exploded. 135 died and 3,600 were left homeless.
1944 Oct 20, The Yugoslav
cities of Belgrade and Dubrovnik were liberated during World War II.
Russian and Yugoslavian troops were freed.
(AP, 10/20/97)(MC, 10/20/01)
1945 Oct 20, Egypt, Syria, Iraq
and Lebanon formed the Arab League to present a unified front
against the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine.
1945 Oct 20, In Germany Richard
Sonnenfeldt (1923-2009), British chief interpreter at the Nuremberg
war trials, served out the indictments to the Nazis facing trial.
(Econ, 10/31/09, p.100)
1946 Oct 20, Anne Murray,
country singer (Snowbird), was born in Springhill, Nova Scotia.
1947 Oct 20, The House
Un-American Activities Committee re-convened in Washington and
opened public hearings on alleged communist infiltration within the
motion picture industry in Hollywood. Among those denounced as
having un-American tendencies were: Katherine Hepburn, Charles
Chaplin and Edward G. Robinson. Among those called to testify was
Screen Actors Guild President Ronald Reagan, who denied that
leftists ever controlled the Guild and refused to label anyone a
communist. An oral history of 36 of those called before Congress was
published in 1998: “Tender Comrades: A Backstory of the Hollywood
Blacklist" by Patrick McGilligan and Paul Buhle.
(SFEC, 5/18/97, DB p.64)(AP, 10/20/97)(WSJ,
1/14/98, p.A17) (HN, 10/20/98)
1950 Oct 20, Henry L. Stimson
(b.1867), former Secretary of War and Secretary of State, died.
1951 Oct 20, Saudi Arabia’s
modern railway was inaugurated. It was initially run by Saudi oil
company, Aramco, but subsequently transferred to the state and since
1968 has been operated as a public corporation and was extended to
the capital, Riyadh.
1952 Oct 20, Edward S. Curtis
(b.1868), Seattle-based photographer, died in Los Angeles. In 1900
he had accompanied ethnographer George bird Grinnell to a
reservation Montana to take photographs of Blood, Blackfeet and
Algonquin Indians gathered there for their annual sun dance. In 1906
he announced plans for 20-volume work documenting Western Indians,
The North American Indian. His first volume was published in 1907.
The last two volumes appeared in 1930.
1953 Oct 20, Edward R. Murrow
on his TV show “See It Now" brought public attention to the abuses
of power in the era of Sen. McCarthy’s anti-communist crusade. Milo
Radulovich (1926-2007), a US Air Force Reserve officer, had been
stripped of his commission for refusing to denounce his family,
which subscribed to several Serbian newspapers. His commission was
later restored. Murrow took up the case and set the turning point to
(SFC, 11/26/07, p.D3)(Econ, 12/1/07, p.102)
1955 Oct 20, "No Time for
Sergeants," starring Andy Griffith, opened on Broadway.
1955 Oct 20, Harry Belafonte
recorded "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song).
1957 Oct 20, Walter Cronkite began hosting
his weekly documentary: “The Twentieth Century." In 1967 the title
was changed to “The Twenty-First Century" and it ran through 1970.
1960 Oct 20, The 1st fully
mechanized post office opened in Providence, RI.
1962 Oct 20, The musical, "Mr.
President," written by Irving Berlin, opened on Broadway.
1962 Oct 20, A Chinese army
landed in India for a brief border war in the Himalayas. The
northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, twice the size of
Switzerland, was occupied in a week-long assault by China and closed
to foreign tourists. Some 3,000 Indian officers and men were killed.
China gained control from India of the northeast region of Kashmir
known as Aksai Chin. Some 4,500 lives were lost before China
unilaterally declared the war over. Arunachal Pradesh re-opened in
(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A1)
(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 1/4/04, p.C10)(Econ, 7/5/08,
p.95)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.17)(Econ, 10/20/12, p.36)
1963 Oct 20, Cleveland’s Jim
Brown surpassed the NFL single-season career rushing record of 8,378
yards set by Joe Perry in 1958. By game’s end Brown had 8,390 yards.
1963 Oct 20, Alec Douglas-Home
formed a British government.
1964 Oct 20, Herbert Hoover
(b.1874), the 31st president of the United States (1929-1933), died
in New York at age 90.
(AP, 10/20/97)(AH, 12/02, p.20)
1965 Oct 20, Beatles received a
gold record for "Yesterday."
1965 Oct 20, Mass arrests of
communists took place in Indonesia. Some 500,000 Chinese Indonesians
were killed in anti-Communist riots in this year. Laws restricting
Chinese culture were later established, reportedly to promote
assimilation and protect Chinese Indonesians. [see 1966] The laws
included a ban on publicly celebrating the Chinese New Year. An
estimated 300,000 Communists were massacred by the army in immediate
and later reprisals in Indonesia after an attempted overthrow of the
government in 1965.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A23)(SFC, 2/5/98, p.A14)(HNQ,
1967 Oct 20, Seven men were
convicted in Meridian, Miss., of violating the civil rights of three
murdered civil rights workers.
1968 Oct 20, Former first lady
Jacqueline Kennedy married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis
on the island of Scorpios.
(AP, 10/20/97)(HN, 10/20/98)
1971 Oct 20, Willy Brandt, West
German Chancellor, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for beginning
the German reunification.
(WUD, 1994, p.
1973 Oct 20, In the so-called
Saturday Night Massacre, Pres. Nixon ordered the dismissal of
special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox. Attorney General Elliot
L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William B. Ruckelshaus
refused to fire Cox and resigned. Cox was later dismissed by
Solicitor General Robert Bork.
(AP, 10/20/97)(SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 1/1/00,
1973 Oct 20, The San Francisco
Zebra murders began and lasted for 179 days. 15 people were killed
and 8 wounded by a gang of racial extremists. Police cracked
the case in 1974 after Mayor Alioto personally grilled an informant.
Police used a special radio band, Z for zebra, during their hunt for
the killers. In 1976 Jesse Lee Cooks, Larry Green, Manuel Moore and
J.C. X. Simon (d.2015) were convicted and sentenced to life.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.E2)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.C6)(SSFC,
10/12/02, p.AD3)(SFC, 3/14/15, p.C4)
1973 Oct 20, Queen Elizabeth II
opened the Sydney Opera House built on Bennelong Point. It was
designed by Danish architect Joern Utzon and cost 102 million
Australian dollars, 14 times the original estimate. Utzon left the
project in 1966. In 2000 Utzon was named consulting architect and in
2003 was called back to redo the interiors.
(SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T4)(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.T12)(WSJ,
10/2/03, p.D10)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.83)
1973 Oct 20, Arab oil-producing
nations banned oil exports to the United States, following the
outbreak of Arab-Israeli war.
1975 Oct 20, The US Supreme
Court ruled that teachers could spank their pupils even if parents
do not approve.
1975 Oct 20, Mexico City's 1st
major subway accident took 20 lives.
1976 Oct 20, 76 people died
when the Norwegian tanker Frosta collided with the ferryboat George
Prince on the Mississippi River north of New Orleans.
1977 Oct 20, David Mamet's
play, "Life in the Theater," opened in NYC. It was first produced in
Chicago at the Goodman Theater's Stage Two, opening February 3,
1977 Oct 20, Three members of
the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd were killed in the crash of a
chartered plane near McComb, Miss.
1977 Oct 20, A bloodless
military coup was staged in Thailand. Kriangsak Chomanan was
appointed prime minister, Thailand's 15th since it became a
constitutional monarchy in 1932.
(AP, 12/23/03)(WSJ, 9/20/06, p.A12)
1979 Oct 20, The John F.
Kennedy Library was dedicated in Boston.
1981 Oct 20, Three members of
the radical Weather Underground were arrested following a bungled
armored truck robbery in Nanuet, N.Y., where a guard was killed. 2
police officers were killed when the getaway truck was halted in
Nyack. Susan Rosenberg assisted in surveillance, driving a getaway
car and passing orders. Kathy Boudin was sentenced 20 years to life
for assisting in the getaway. In 2003 Boudin was paroled and Susan
Braudy authored "Family Circle," an account of the Boudin family.
Rosenberg was arrested in Nov 1984 while unloading a cache of
weapons in New Jersey and received a 58-year sentence for her role
in the robbery. Pres. Clinton commuted Rosenberg’s sentence in 2001.
(AP, 10/20/01)(SFC, 8/21/03, p.A6)(WSJ, 11/26/03,
p.D10)(WSJ, 12/2/04, p.W15)
1984 Oct 20, Paul Dirac
(b.1902, British physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1933), died in
Florida. His equations predicted the existence of antimatter. In
2009 Graham Farmelo authored “The Strangest Man: The Hidden Life of
1987 Oct 20, NYC subway gunman
Bernhard Goetz was sentenced to 6 months in jail. [see Jan 13, 1989]
1987 Oct 20, Ten people were
killed when an Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn hotel near
Indianapolis International Airport after the pilot, who was trying
to make an emergency landing, ejected safely.
1988 Oct 20, The Los Angeles
Dodgers won the World Series, defeating the Oakland A's in game five
by a score of 5-2.
1988 Oct 20, Britain ended a
suspect’s right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA.
1989 Oct 20, The Senate
convicted U.S. District Judge Alcee L. Hastings of perjury and
conspiracy and removed him from office. The conviction was later
overturned and Hastings was later elected in Florida to the House of
(AP, 10/20/99)(SFC, 9/18/08, p.A6)
1989 Oct 20, Former President
Reagan and his wife, Nancy, began a visit to Japan sponsored by a
1989 Oct 20, Smith Dairy at
Orrville, Ohio, made the largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal).
1989 Oct 20, Anthony Quayle
(76), English actor (Moses, Operation Crossbow), died in London of
1990 Oct 20, The Cincinnati
Reds won the World Series, 2-to-1, sweeping the Oakland A’s in four
1990 Oct 20, US-Iraq antiwar
protest marches began in 20 US cities.
1990 Oct 20, Three members of
the rap group 2 Live Crew were acquitted by a jury in Fort
Lauderdale, Florida, of violating obscenity laws with an adults-only
concert in nearby Hollywood the previous June.
1990 Oct 20, Joel McCrea (84),
actor (Ramrod), died of pulmonary complications.
1991 Oct 20, A major fire
burned over 3,400 homes in the Oakland Hills in Oakland, Ca. and
killed 25 people.
(SFEC, 10/20/96, p.C4)(SFC, 12/23/99, p.C9)
1992 Oct 20, The host Toronto
Blue Jays defeated the Atlanta Braves, 3-2 in game three of the
World Series, taking a two-games-to-one lead. This was the first
World Series game to be played outside the U.S. During the pre-game
ceremony, a Marine color guard presented the Canadian flag
correctly, two days after another guard held the banner upside-down
before game two.
1992 Oct 20, Jackson Weaver
(b.1920), voice of Smokey the Bear, died of diabetes.
1992 Oct 20, In Malawi Orton
Chirwa, a lawyer who helped establish the country’s independence,
died in prison. He was Malawi’s first Minister of Justice.
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Par
1993 Oct 20, Toronto took a 3-1
lead in the World Series as the Blue Jays defeated the Philadelphia
1993 Oct 20, The Senate adopted
a non-binding resolution saying Congress should give its approval
before any U.S. troops were sent to enforce a Bosnian peace accord.
1993 Oct 20, US Attorney
General Janet Reno warned the TV industry to limit violence in
1993 Oct 20, James Leo Herlihy
(b.1927), gay author (Midnight Cowboy), committed suicide in Los
1994 Oct 20, The Pentagon
announced that more than 100,000 U.S. troops were being taken off
alert for possible movement to the Persian Gulf because the Iraqi
threat to Kuwait had abated.
1994 Oct 20, Actor Burt
Lancaster died in Los Angeles at age 80. In 2000 Kate Buford
authored the biography "Burt Lancaster: An American Life."
(AP, 10/20/99)(SFEC, 3/19/00, BR p.1)
1995 Oct 20, France, the United
States and Britain announced a treaty banning atomic blasts in the
South Pacific—but only after France finished testing there the
1995 Oct 20, Space shuttle
“Columbia" was launched on a research flight that had been delayed
1995 Oct 20, NATO Secretary
General Willy Claes resigned to face corruption charges in his
native Belgium. He later received a three-year suspended jail
1995 Oct 20, Tiger guerrillas
blew up two oil depots in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1996 Oct 20, The Atlanta Braves
defeated the New York Yankees 12-1 in game one of the World Series.
1996 Oct 20, "Summer &
Smoke" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC.
1996 Oct 20, In Columbia
fighting in 3 provinces over the weekend left 24 soldiers and
leftist rebels dead.
(SFC, 10/21/96, p.A10)
1996 Oct 20, Some 300 Congolese
Hutu peasants were bludgeoned to death by Rwandan troops in
Musekera. Details were not made public until 2010 by the local
Observation Center for Human Rights and Social Assistance.
1996 Oct 20, In Japan the
Liberal Democratic Party under Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto won
a plurality in the lower house. The vote marked a setback to
(WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A16)(USAT, 8/29/97, p.8A)(AP,
1996 Oct 20, In Nicaragua
elections were scheduled and former Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega
trailed by 5 points against Arnoldo Aleman, former mayor of Managua.
(WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)
1996 Oct 20, In northern Sierra
Leone rebels killed 36 people including 6 patients at the Masanga
(SFC, 10/21/96, p.A10)
1997 Oct 20, The US government
alleged that Microsoft’s bundling of its browser into the operating
system violated a 1995 consent decree.
(WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)(MC, 10/20/01)
1997 Oct 20, It was reported
that a British firm has proposed a rail tunnel to link Britain and
Ireland. The 56-mile tunnel was estimated to cost $22.6 billion.
(SFC, 10/20/97, p.A12)
1997 Oct 20, Harold Albert,
British writer, died. He created the character of Helen Cathcart as
the writer of royal biographies between 1962 and 1988 that included:
“Her Majesty, the Queen Herself," and “Charles: Man of Destiny."
(SFC, 11/5/97, p.E3)
1997 Oct 20, In Burundi
soldiers of the Tutsi army packed 40 civilians into a rural school
in the region of Kibezi and tossed a grenade inside. All were
killed. Major Andre Nijongabo, an army commander, defended the
incident claiming that the dead were “genocidal terrorists." Hutu
rebels had burned 18 schools a week ago.
(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A11)
1997 Oct 20, Typhoon Ivan with
93 mph winds plowed into the northeastern Philippines.
(SFC, 10/21/97, p.A13)
1997 Oct 20, Because of the
need for spacesuits, Mir cosmonauts performed history's first
"internal spacewalk" to restore power to the damaged Spektr module
of the space station.
1998 Oct 20, President Clinton
named John Podesta as his chief of staff, replacing Erskine Bowles.
1998 Oct 20, King Hussein of
Jordan, at the invitation of Secretary of State Madeleine Albright,
joined Pres. Clinton to press for the Israeli-Palestinian compromise
(WSJ, 10/21/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/99)
1998 Oct 20, In Colombia Jose
Ortega, vice president of the Unitary Workers’ Federation, was shot
and killed. The killing prompted a wildcat strike by thousands of
(SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)
1998 Oct 20, In France over
300,000 high-school students demonstrated for smaller classes and
more teachers. There was scattered violence.
(WSJ, 10/21/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 20, In Germany the new
government announced a coalition agreement with a plan to reform
taxes, increase employment, and raise gasoline taxes.
(SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)
1998 Oct 20, In Guatemala the
former rebels of the National Revolutionary Unity (URVG) asked to be
recognized as a political party.
(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)
1998 Oct 20, In Switzerland
officials announced that they seized over $90 million from Raul
Salinas after an investigations revealed that the money was received
for protecting drug shipments. Swiss authorities requested that
Britain seize an additional $23.4 million deposited in England.
(SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)
1999 Oct 20, The government
laid out new rules to protect children’s privacy on the Internet and
to shield them from commercial e-mail.
1999 Oct 20, Elizabeth Dole
quit the US presidential race and her Republican bid to be America’s
first woman president due to insufficient campaign funds.
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/00)
1999 Oct 20, The Cold War
(1951-1977) locations of nuclear weapons minus their nuclear charges
was partly revealed in a 1978 top secret Pentagon document titled
"History of the Custody and Deployment of Nuclear Weapons."
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A7)
1999 Oct 20, In France it was
reported that Maurice Papon (89), convicted for collaboration with
the Nazis, had fled the country.
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.A12)
1999 Oct 20, In Indonesia Pres.
Habibie withdrew his bid for re-election. The People's Consultative
Assembly voted Abdurrahhman Wahid as the new president. Followers of
Megawati Sukarnoputri immediately rioted.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 20, In Israel
Netanyahu's home was raided by police as part of a corruption
(WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A1)
2000 Oct 20, Egyptian-born Ali
Mohamed, a U.S. citizen who'd served in the Army (1986), pleaded
guilty in New York to helping plan the deadly U.S. Embassy bombings
in Africa in 1998 that killed 224 people, including 12 Americans. It
was later reported that Mohamed, a former Egyptian Army major, had
served as an FBI informant.
(AP, 10/20/01)(SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A1)
2000 Oct 20, In Colombia FARC
guerrillas near Dabeiba killed 54 members of the army and national
police. 22 were killed in the crash of a US-made Black hawk
helicopter hit by gunfire.
(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A12)
2000 Oct 20, Israeli troops
killed at least 9 Palestinians and wounded dozens in numerous West
Bank clashes. The Israeli-Palestinian truce brokered by President
Clinton collapsed in a hail of gunfire, with Israeli troops killing
nine Palestinians and wounding 67.
(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/01)
2000 Oct 20, In Japan the Kyoei
Life Insurance Co. filed for bankruptcy. The failure of the
11th-largest Japanese live insurer marked the biggest corporate
failure since WW II.
(SFC, 10/21/00, p.D1)
2000 Oct 20, In Mexico City a
fire at the Lohobombo salsa club killed at least 19 people.
(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A13)
2001 Oct 20, During a visit to
Shanghai, China, Pres. Bush challenged Asian leaders to help "save
the civilized world" by joining his war against terrorism.
2001 Oct 20, US commandos
struck 2 targets in Afghanistan that included an airfield and a
command complex near Kandahar. Two 500-pound bombs hit a residential
center area northwest of Kabul.
(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A12)
2001 Oct 20, It was reported
that Nat’l. Sec. Advisor, Condoleeza Rice, and Sec. of Defense,
Donald Rumsfeld, had made appearances in the past week on the Al
Jazeera network to repeat that the war on terrorism is not a war on
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A10)
2001 Oct 20, It was reported
that the US was using a 40-year-old EC C-130 plane called “Commando
Solo" to broadcast messages and music over Afghanistan.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A10)
2001 Oct 20, Traces of anthrax
were found in a US House of Representatives mail room. This became
the 3rd Capital Hill building infected.
(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A3)(AP, 10/20/02)
2001 Oct 20, It was reported
that record flooding around Buenos Aires, Argentina, had damaged
some 8.6 million acres of prime farmland. The area was declared a
national disaster and losses were estimated at $300 million.
(SFC, 10/20/01, p.A17)
2001 Oct 20, Israeli tanks and
troops seized control of Kalkilya and Tulkarm and moved into the
heart of Bethlehem. At least 8 Palestinians were killed.
(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A19)
2001 Oct 20, Pakistan confirmed
that it was holding talks with a senior Taliban commander, Mullah
Jalaluddin Haqqani, on the makeup of a future Afghan government.
(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A18)
2001 Oct 20, In Yemen some
30,000 people gathered in Amran to protest US airstrikes in
(WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A16)
2002 Oct 20, Yao Ming (22), a
7-foot-5 basketball player from China, arrived in Texas to join the
(WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 20, The Galaxy fishing
ship, ported in Seattle, exploded and burned 750 miles SW of Alaska.
1 man was killed and 2 were missing.
(WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 20, In Ecuador at
least five candidates had a shot at qualifying for a runoff spot in
presidential elections. With 53 percent of the votes counted, Lucio
Gutierrez (45) a dismissed army colonel, led with 19% of the vote.
Banana magnate Alvaro Noboa (51) Ecuador's richest businessman, was
close behind with 17.6%.
(AP, 10/20/02)(AP, 10/21/02)
2002 Oct 20, In Iraq President
Saddam Hussein issued an amnesty to all political prisoners and
exiles to mark his perfect 100 percent uncontested election.
2002 Oct 20, In Montenegro the
pro-independence party of Pres. Milo Djukanovic won 39 of the 75
(AP, 10/20/02)(SFC, 10/21/02, p.A5)
2002 Oct 20, In the Philippines
a bomb exploded at an open-air Christian shrine in the southern city
of Zamboanga, killing one marine and wounding 16 people.
2002 Oct 20, Kirsan
Ilyumzhinov, incumbent president of the Russian region of Kalmykia
since 1993, led all vote-getters in a re-election bid. Ilyumzhinov,
a millionaire and president of the international chess federation
FIDE, led the field of 11 candidates with 47.6 percent of the
2002 Oct 20, Sudan's government
lifted a ban on relief flights to the southern Equatoria region
after it signed a cease-fire with southern rebels.
2003 Oct 20, President Bush
pushed North Korea's nuclear threat to the forefront of a 21-nation
Asia-Pacific summit in Thailand.
2003 Oct 20, President Bush
personally condemned the Malaysian prime minister for his statement
that Jews rule the world, pulling Mahathir Mohamad aside at an
international economic meeting to tell him the remarks were "wrong
2003 Oct 20, Pres. Bush met
with Mexico's Pres. Vicente Fox in Thailand and asked him to set
aside disputes over immigration and Iraq.
2003 Oct 20, Bush
administration officials said some $3 billion of Saddam Hussein's
former government was being held in Syria and Lebanon.
2003 Oct 20, The US deficit
doubled to $374 billion in fiscal 2003 and was on track to exceed
$500 billion for the year.
(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003 Oct 20, Nathaniel Heatwole
(20) was charged with a federal crime for hiding banned items on
planes. He had e-mailed federal authorities regarding 6 security
breaches on Sep 15.
(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A7)
2003 Oct 20, A judge in Eagle,
Colo., ordered Kobe Bryant to stand trial for sexual assault. The
criminal case was later dropped.
2003 Oct 20, Kirk Jones (40)
from Canton, Michigan, survived a 150-foot plunge over the
fast-flowing Canadian side Niagara Falls, only to face charges of
mischief and unlawfully performing a stunt. Jones said he was driven
by depression, not a desire to become a daredevil. A 7-year-old boy
who went over in 1960, unlike Jones, was wearing a lifejacket. Since
1901, 15 daredevils have taken the plunge in barrels or other
devices, including a kayak and a personal watercraft. Ten survived,
2003 Oct 20, Jack Elam (82), a
character actor and favorite Western villain who menaced good-guy
cowboys with his crazy grin, wild eyes and remorseless gunslinging
in films such as "Rawhide" and "Wichita," died.
(AP, 10/22/03)(SFC, 10/23/03, p.A22)
2003 Oct 20, Flood waters in
southwestern British Columbia left at least two people dead.
2003 Oct 20, France raised
taxes on tobacco products. Cigarette prices for a pack jumped from
an average $4.60 to $5.40.
(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A3)
2003 Oct 20, Israeli
helicopters and warplanes unleashed a string of missile strikes in
Gaza City. At least 11 people were killed and over 90 wounded.
(AP, 10/20/03)(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 20, Saudi authorities
announced the arrests of terrorist suspects and the discovery of
large quantities of weapons and ammunition during raids around the
2003 Oct 20, Carla del Ponte,
chief prosecutor of the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in the Hague,
announced the indictment of 4 top Serb generals for alleged crimes
(Econ, 10/25/03, p.47)
2004 Oct 20, Boston Red Sox
fans poured into the streets outside Fenway Park to celebrate their
team's victory over the New York Yankees. Victoria Snellgrove (21)
died the next day after a crowd control pellet hit her in the eye.
(AP, 10/21/04)(WSJ, 10/22/04, p.A1)(SFC,
2004 Oct 20, Reservist Staff
Sgt. Ivan Frederick (38), the highest-ranking soldier charged in the
Abu Ghraib scandal pleaded guilty to 5 charges of abusing Iraqi
detainees, as a 2-day court-martial opened in Baghdad.
(SFC, 10/21/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/05)
2004 Oct 20, ABC announced it
was dropping the Miss America beauty pageant. It was later picked up
by cable country musical network CMT.
2004 Oct 20, Scientists of the
Human Genome Project reported a new estimate of human genes at 20k
(SFC, 10/21/04, p.A12)
2004 Oct 20, China formally
arrested Zhao Yan, a New York Times researcher, who was detained Sep
16 for allegedly leaking state secrets. The crime could be
punishable by death.
2004 Oct 20, In central China a
gas explosion ripped through a coal shaft at the Daping Mine in
Henan province killing at least 77 miners. Dozens miners were
(AP, 10/21/04)(AP, 10/23/04)
2004 Oct 20, The EU revamped
its trade rules. Nations with more than 15% of European market share
of any goods were set to lose their discounted tariffs. China and
India were expected to be the main losers.
(WSJ, 10/20/04, p.A15)
2004 Oct 20, Workers at a
General Motors plant in Bochum, Germany, swallowed their anger over
job cuts and voted to end a seven-day stoppage that has disrupted
output at three other GM car factories.
2004 Oct 20, Senior Indian and
Chinese officials met in New Delhi, India, to discuss a long-running
border dispute between the two countries.
2004 Oct 20, US forces fired
rockets in central Fallujah early, hitting a teacher's college and
leveling a house, killing six people.
2004 Oct 20, Terra Madre, an
international meeting of food communities, held its first meeting in
Turin, Italy. It formed as a part of the Slow Food movement. The
group followed with meetings every 2 years.
2004 Oct 20, Fiat SpA's auto
unit said that it will temporarily reduce production at three
factories next month, a move that will affect thousands of workers.
2004 Oct 20, Lebanon’s PM Rafik
Hariri resigned, dissolved his Cabinet and made the surprise
announcement that he would not try to form the next government.
(AP, 10/20/04)(Econ, 10/23/04, p.47)
2005 Oct 20, President Bush met
with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas in the Oval Office and said
prospects for Palestinians gaining a state seem to be better than
2005 Oct 20, US Congress
approved legislation protecting firearms manufacturers and dealers
from a broad swath of civil liability lawsuits. Pres. Bush pledged
to sign it.
(SFC, 10/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Oct 20, Sen. Ted Stevens,
R-Alaska, vowed to resign from the Senate if his fellow lawmakers
followed through on threats to cancel spending on a $230 million
"bridge to nowhere" in Alaska that was stuck into a pork-filled
highway bill earlier this year.
2005 Oct 20, US Rep. Tom DeLay
turned himself in at the sheriff's office in Travis County, Texas,
where he was fingerprinted, photographed and released on $10,000
bail on conspiracy and money-laundering charges.
2005 Oct 20, Federal regulators
approved what would be the first transplant of fetal stem cells into
human brains, a procedure that if successful could open the door to
treating a host of neural disorders. The FDA said that doctors at
Stanford University Medical Center can begin the testing on six
children afflicted with Batten disease.
2005 Oct 20, Shirley Horn (71),
jazz singer and pianist, died in Washington DC.
(SFC, 10/22/05, p.B5)
2005 Oct 20, In southern
Afghanistan a car bomb exploded near a mosque killing Nafus Khan,
the deputy police chief of Nimroz province, and one of his
2005 Oct 20, A French couple
who poisoned their five children and then tried to commit suicide in
a desperate bid to escape towering debt was sentenced to prison
terms by a court outside Paris.
2005 Oct 20, Iranian state-run
television said that the country's Supreme Cultural Revolutionary
Council, headed by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, issued the ban on
foreign films that promote what were termed "arrogant powers", a
propaganda term the Iranians use to refer to the United States.
2005 Oct 20, An Iraqi Airways
plane landed in Cairo, making the first regular flight between Iraq
and Egypt in 15 years.
2005 Oct 20, In northern Iraq
insurgents using explosives set fire to the main oil pipeline.
Militants riding in a car opened fire on civilians outside a food
shop in the southern Dora area of Baghdad, killing two. The
militants then stopped, rushed into the store and gunned down a
third Iraqi. A rocket hit a public school for students aged 12 to 15
in the western al-Mansour neighborhood of the capital, killing one
child and wounding five. A nearby shopkeeper also was killed. A
suicide car bomb exploded in front of a provincial government
building in the city of Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.
Three people were killed and 14 wounded.
2005 Oct 20, Saadoun Sughaiyer
al-Janabi, a defense lawyer in Saddam Hussein's mass murder trial,
was found dead soon after being kidnapped. His body was dumped near
a Baghdad mosque with two gunshots to the head. 4 US service members
were killed in two attacks. An American soldier was killed in the
northwestern town of Hit by "indirect fire," a term that usually
means a mortar or rocket attack.
2005 Oct 20, Inmates at a
prison hospital in Kyrgyzstan killed a parliamentarian and two other
people after taking him and his entourage hostage.
2005 Oct 20, It was reported
that Lebanon's state-run telephone system has billed the government
for more than $11 million in unpaid telephone charges run up by
Syrian troops before they left the country earlier this year after a
nearly three-decade occupation. Information Minister Ghazi Aridi
said Lebanon’ government would pay the bill.
2005 Oct 20, The roof of a
hospital in central Nepal collapsed, killing at least 10 people and
injuring nine others.
2005 Oct 20, The Paris Club
announced and agreement to cancel 60% (about $18 billion) of
Nigeria's foreign debt. This fueled optimism among anti-poverty
campaigners, but corruption and requirements imposed by the West
overshadowed the future. Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation, was
rated the sixth most corrupt nation in the world in a survey
released earlier this week by Berlin-based Transparency
2005 Oct 20, Sudan's government
and rebels ended a sixth round of talks on the crisis in the
country's western Darfur region, announcing no agreements but
pledging to reconvene in a month to push forward the slow-moving
2005 Oct 20, A UN report
implicated the brother-in-law of Syria's president in the Feb 14
assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri, and Lebanese
intelligence officials helped organize it. The UN inquiry officially
linked Damascus to the slaying for the first time. Syria rejected
the report. The names of top Syrians were edited out in the final
version of the report.
2005 Oct 20, In Taiwan, the
Agricultural Council confirmed the island's first case of bird flu.
Birds taken from a Panama-registered freighter that was stopped by
the Taiwanese coast guard on Oct. 14 tested positive for the H5N1
2005 Oct 20, Thailand PM
Thaksin Shinawatra said new lab results confirmed the country's 13th
death from bird flu.
2005 Oct 20, UNESCO's member
nations voted overwhelmingly to approve a pact on protecting
cultural diversity after a bitter debate left the United States
isolated in opposition to what it sees as a threat to sales of
American movies and music.
2006 Oct 20, President Bush
conceded in an Associated Press interview that "right now it's
tough" for American forces in Iraq, but the White House said he
would not change US strategy in the face of pre-election polls
indicating voters were upset.
2006 Oct 20, US federal
authorities arrested Jake Brahm, a 20-year-old Wisconsin grocery
store clerk, for making a hoax threat that said seven football
stadiums across the nation would be targeted by terrorists with
radiological "dirty bombs" this weekend.
(AP, 10/20/06)(SFC, 10/21/06, p.A5)
2006 Oct 20, Corrections
officials said California will begin shipping thousands of inmates
to prisons in four other states next month at a cost of more than
$51 million a year.
2006 Oct 20, In Pennsylvania 24
rail cars carrying ethanol derailed and 9 caught fire on a bridge
over the Beaver River in New Brighton, 25 miles northwest of
(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A5)
2006 Oct 20, Jane Wyatt
(b.1910), TV and film actress, died in Bel Air, Ca. She was best
known as the TV wife of Robert Young in “Father Knows Best"
(1954-1960). Her films included “Lost Horizon" (1937).
(SFC, 10/23/06, p.B3)
2006 Oct 20, Corus, an
Anglo-Dutch steel-maker, accepted an $8.1 billion buyout bid from
Tata Steel, a smaller Indian firm.
(Econ, 10/28/06, p.74)
2006 Oct 20, Eric Newby (86),
British travel writer, died. His books included "A Short Walk In The
Hindu Kush" (1958), the story of his travels from London to
(AFP, 10/23/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.97)
2006 Oct 20, China’s state
press said the estuaries of China's two greatest rivers, the Yangtze
and the Yellow, have been declared dead zones by the UN due to high
amounts of pollutants. The leading People's Daily reported that it
would take at least 200 years to clean up the Bohai Sea, even if no
more sewage was poured into it. Beijing published a 5-year plan for
economic and bureaucratic reforms in the capital.
(AFP, 10/20/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.50)
2006 Oct 20, In Lahti, Finland,
25 EU leaders held a one-day summit on energy. Russian President
Vladimir Putin defended his government's tough stance on Georgia and
dodged EU leaders' demands that he commit to a legally binding
energy charter that would guarantee better access to Russia's oil
and gas fields.
2006 Oct 20, The Shiite militia
run by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr seized total control of
the southern Iraqi city of Amarah in one of the boldest acts of
defiance yet by one of the country's powerful, unofficial armies. At
least 15 people, including five militiamen, one policeman and two
bystanders, were killed in clashes. Clashes between Shiite and Sunni
tribes just south of Baghdad left 4 people dead. Five tortured
bodies were found dumped along roads or in the Tigris River.
(AP, 10/20/06)(AP, 10/21/06)
2006 Oct 20, A Jewish settler
watchdog group said more than 40 percent of unauthorized West Bank
outposts are built on private Palestinian land, adding that there
are no signs the Israeli government is taking steps to tear them
2006 Oct 20, Japan's government
said the birth rate rose for the seventh straight month in August,
raising hopes for an upturn in the country's plunging annual
birthrate and declining population.
2006 Oct 20, In North Korea
tens of thousands gathered in Pyongyang to laud the country's first
atomic test. A South Korean news agency reported that North Korean
leader Kim Jong Il said Pyongyang didn't plan to carry out any more
nuclear tests and expressed regret about the country's first-ever
atomic detonation last week [see Oct 24].
(AP, 10/20/06)(AP, 10/21/06)
2006 Oct 20, In Mexico radical
protesters and teachers, who have taken over the city of Oaxaca,
appeared to be parting ways after the teachers' leaders agreed to
end a strike and return to work.
2006 Oct 20, In northwestern
Pakistan a bomb left in a fruit cart struck a crowded market,
killing at least seven people and wounding dozens in Peshawar.
2006 Oct 20, Saudi Arabia's
state-run news agency reported that the king gave new powers to his
brothers and nephews in an overhaul of the way the kingdom chooses
future monarchs, in what appeared to be an attempt to defuse
internal power struggles. King Abdullah established the allegiance
council, a body of 30-odd senior princes, as a new succession
mechanism aimed in the long term to choose the crown prince.
(AP, 10/20/06)(AFP, 6/16/12)
2006 Oct 20, Shiite and Sunni
religious figures met in Mecca in a bid to stop sectarian bloodshed,
and issued a series of edicts forbidding violence between Iraq's two
2006 Oct 20, South Korea
Defense Minister Yoon Kwang-ung met with US Defense Secretary Donald
H. Rumsfeld and agreed that Seoul will retake full wartime
operational control of Korean forces from the US sometime between
2009 and 2012.
2006 Oct 20, Thailand's
military government said it had extended emergency rule in the
Muslim-majority south where another 21 people were killed this week
despite moves to resolve bloody unrest.
2006 Oct 20, The UN refugee
agency said it had received reports of at least 38 civilians killed
in attacks in southern Sudan and was suspending its operation
helping Sudanese refugees return from neighboring Uganda.
2007 Oct 20, With water
supplies rapidly shrinking during a drought of historic proportions,
Gov. Sonny Perdue declared a state of emergency for the northern
third of Georgia and asked President Bush to declare it a major
disaster area. The 38,000-acre Lake Lanier reservoir, which supplies
more than 3 million residents with water, was down to 3 months from
(AP, 10/20/07)(SSFC, 10/21/07, p.A3)
2007 Oct 20, Piyush "Bobby"
Jindal (36), the son of Punjabi immigrants, won an election in
Louisiana to become the United States' first Indian-American state
governor. Jindal, a Republican member of the House of
Representatives, also became the youngest governor in the US. He
became the first nonwhite to hold the job since Reconstruction.
(AFP, 10/21/07)(AP, 10/20/08)
2007 Oct 20, In Berkeley, Ca.,
the new, 4-story, $46.4 million C.V. Starr East Asian Library was
(SSFC, 10/21/07, p.B1)
2007 Oct 20, In Ohio Daniel
Petric (16) shot his parents, killing his mother and wounding his
father, after they took away the Halo 3 video game from him. In 2009
a judge ruled Petric guilty of murder.
2007 Oct 20, Max McGee (75),
former Green Bay Packers receiver, died in Deephaven, Minn.
2007 Oct 20, Peg Bracken (89),
author of the "I Hate to Cook Book," died in Portland, Ore.
2007 Oct 20, In eastern
Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants fought fierce battles with
US forces, killing 20 insurgents and one civilian.
2007 Oct 20, Burundi's last
active rebel group was urged to implement a 2006 ceasefire as it
boycotted a meeting aimed to put the central African nation's
derailed peace process back on track.
2007 Oct 20, In China 13
foreign and domestic companies launched the Chinese Federation for
Corporate Social Responsibility in Shanghai.
(Econ, 1/19/08, SR
2007 Oct 20, France handed
Algeria details of where its forces laid some 3 million landmines on
the country's eastern and western borders from 1956-1959.
2007 Oct 20, A roadside bomb
exploded near a minibus full of Shiite civilians, killing at least 3
people and wounding nine as they went to visit relatives south of
Baghdad. US-led forces raided houses in search of Shiite extremists
elsewhere in the volatile area. The US military said US forces in
Iraq discovered nearly 19 tons of explosives in a weapons cache
north of Baghdad this week, one of the biggest finds of its kind.
(AP, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/20/07)
2007 Oct 20, In Indian Kashmir
thousands of angry Rawathpora villagers torched government vehicles
in street battles that injured 30 police one day after army soldiers
allegedly shot dead a schoolteacher.
2007 Oct 20, The foreign
ministers of France, Italy and Spain met with Lebanon's feuding
political leaders in a bid to break a long-running deadlock that is
preventing the election of a president.
2007 Oct 20, In Northern
Ireland Paul Quinn (21), a truck driver from south Armagh, was
brutally beaten to death. Assailants used iron bars and baseball
bats studded with nails. His death was said to be related to
smuggling diesel fuel. Relatives said he was murdered for defying an
IRA order to leave after quarrels in his village of Cullyhanna.
(Econ, 10/27/07, p.67)(SFC, 12/14/07, p.A22)
2007 Oct 20, In Kazakhstan the
opposition staged a demonstration in Almaty against rising prices as
people hoarded food supplies and emptied shops.
(Econ, 10/27/07, p.52)
2007 Oct 20, Malawi's second
opposition party suspended its national convention after 26
supporters died in a road accident on the way to the conference. The
supporters of the Alliance for Democracy, or AFORD, died the
previous night when the truck they were traveling in overturned in
the central mountainous district of Dedza.
2007 Oct 20, Myanmar announced
that it was lifting a curfew and ending a ban on assembly imposed
after a crackdown on pro-democracy protesters, the latest sign that
the government believes it has extinguished the largest
demonstrations in decades.
2007 Oct 20, A bomb ripped
through a bus parked at a terminal in southwestern Pakistan, killing
seven people and wounding six others.
2007 Oct 20, In Gaza City Hamas
police and a clan allied with the rival Fatah movement traded fire
killing a young man and a boy on the 4th day of heavy internal
(SSFC, 10/21/07, p.A3)
2007 Oct 20, In Moscow a group
of teens killed Sergei Nikolayev (46), a professional chess player
from Yakutia. The group attacked more than 10 people over several
months late this year. In 2008 a Moscow court convicted 12 teenage
boys and a man of committing the series of vicious ethnic attacks,
which were videotaped, set to heavy music and widely disseminated on
2008 Oct 20, The DJIA rose
413.21 points as Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke tentatively
endorsed a new stimulus package.
(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A1)
2008 Oct 20, Nebraska’s Gov.
Dave Heineman and state lawmakers agreed to amend the new safe-haven
law so as to protect only parents of new-born children from
(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A3)
2008 Oct 20, Taliban gunmen
killed Gayle Williams (34), a Christian aid worker in Kabul, as she
was walking to work. The militant group said it targeted the
British-South African citizen because she was spreading her
religion. In Faryab province militants killed five policemen,
including a district police chief. In northern Afghanistan, a
suicide bomber killed two German soldiers and five children in
(AP, 10/20/08)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A12)
2008 Oct 20, President Evo
Morales agreed to seek only one more five-year term, a key
concession that all but ended a standoff in Congress over a new
constitution to empower Bolivia's long-oppressed indigenous
2008 Oct 20, Festus Gontebanye
Mogae, who led Botswana from 1998 to 2008, was chosen as the winner
of the 2008 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership.
2008 Oct 20, Sister Emmanuelle
(b.1908), a Belgian-born nun who devoted her life to helping the
poor in North Africa and in France, died in France. Madeleine
Cinquin had spent 20 years working with children in a slum in Cairo
as part of a lengthy career helping the dispossessed.
2008 Oct 20, In China, a
veterinarian said some 1,500 dogs, bred for their raccoon-like fur,
have died after eating feed tainted with the same chemical that
contaminated dairy products and sickened tens of thousands of babies
2008 Oct 20, The French
government allocated €10.5 billion among six of its banks.
(Econ, 10/25/08, p.89)
2008 Oct 20, Officials in
Honduras said a week of heavy rains has caused landslides and
flooding that have killed at least 11 people and left two others
2008 Oct 20, India’s central
bank cut its repurchase rate, a leading rate for which the central
bank lends to other banks, to 8%, the first reduction since March
(WSJ, 10/21/08, p.A4)
2008 Oct 20, The United States
and Iraq announced a $14 million program to set up a conservation
and historic preservation institute, refurbish the National Museum
in Baghdad and enhance the training of museum and archaeological
professionals in Iraq. An Iraqi policeman was arrested for allegedly
using police vehicles to smuggle weapons to Baghdad. Bombs struck a
double-decker bus and a taxi in eastern Baghdad, killing four
2008 Oct 20, Mexico agreed to
deport Cubans who sneak illegally through Mexican territory to reach
the US, a step toward cutting off an increasingly violent and
heavily used human trafficking route. 21 prisoners died in a fight
between inmates at a prison across the border from McAllen, Texas.
Police said two soldiers and a security guard were found stabbed to
death at a housing construction site in the village of Las
Margaritas, northern Mexico. The body of a federal policeman was
found riddled with gunshot wounds in Tijuana.
2008 Oct 20, Pakistani forces
killed up to 35 militants near the Afghan border, as the region's
provincial chief called for "peaceful dialogue" in a meeting with a
US State Department official.
2008 Oct 20, Palestinian Pres.
Abbas published remarks saying Israel has failed to protect
Palestinians against attacks by Israeli settlers during the olive
2008 Oct 20, US Ambassador
Michael McKinley and Peru's foreign minister signed an accord
forgiving US$25 million of Peru's foreign debt and directing the
money to a tropical forest conservation program.
2008 Oct 20, A financially
strapped South Korean man went on an arson and stabbing rampage in
Seoul, leaving six people dead and seven others wounded.
2008 Oct 20, The Sri Lankan
government admitted that scores of its troops had been killed or
injured in fierce fighting with the Tamil Tigers, its biggest
reported battlefield loss in months. Battles since Oct 18 had left
33 soldiers dead, three missing in action and 48 injured. The bodies
of 11 rebels were recovered from the battlefield.
2008 Oct 20, In Thailand
thousands of anti-government protesters marched through the streets
of Bangkok, calling the prime minister a "murderer" and demanding he
resign over the violent quashing of a previous rally.
2008 Oct 20, A Kurdish
demonstrator died after a clash with police in eastern Turkey.
Kurdish protesters staged demonstrations in many parts of Turkey
over the weekend following allegations that Kurdish rebel leader
Abdullah Ocalan was mistreated in prison.
2008 Oct 20, The UN said the
financial crises will add at least 20 million people to the world’s
jobless, raising the total to 210 million.
(WSJ, 10/21/08, p.A1)
2009 Oct 20, The US Congress
passed a bill allowing detainees from Guantanamo to be brought to
the US, but only to stand for trial, not to be released or jailed
(Econ, 10/24/09, p.36)
2009 Oct 20, In Arizona Faleh
Hassan Almaleki (49), an Iraqi immigrant, ran his Jeep Cherokee over
his daughter, Noor Almaleki (20), after she refused an arranged
marriage and went to college. Noor died of her injuries on Nov 2,
2009. On Feb 22, 2011, Faleh Hassan Almaleki was convicted of 2nd
2009 Oct 20, Afghanistan's
election commission ordered a Nov. 7 runoff in the disputed
presidential poll after a fraud investigation dropped incumbent
Hamid Karzai's votes below 50 percent of the total. Karzai accepted
the finding and agreed to a second round vote. Afghan and
international forces killed about half a dozen militants during a
raid on compounds used by a Taliban commander in eastern Wardak
2009 Oct 20, Representatives of
Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay announced a joint plan in Buenos
Aires to establish protected zones to halt deforestation in their
countries by 2020.
(SFC, 10/21/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 20, Australian
officials said a leech found at a crime scene in 2001 led police to
a man who admitted robbing an elderly woman. The leech dropped off
Peter Cannon as he and an accomplice tied a 71-year-old woman to a
chair in her remote home in the Tasmanian woods on Sept. 28, 2001.
2009 Oct 20, Bolivia's National
Electoral Court announced that former Pando state Gov. Leopoldo
Fernandez can campaign from a La Paz jail because he is detained as
a precautionary measure, over killings under his watch in Sept,
2008, and has not been charged.
2009 Oct 20, China executed 2
people for their roles in deadly protests last year in the
Chinese-controlled region of Tibet, the first known executions for
the violence. Lobsang Gyaltsen (28) and Loyak (30), who goes by one
name, were sentenced to death in April on charges relating to
"starting fatal fires."
2009 Oct 20, The Honduras
government lifted a three-week broadcast ban allowing opposition
radio and television stations back on the air.
2009 Oct 20, Talks in Vienna
meant to persuade Iran to send most of its enriched uranium abroad,
and thus delay its potential to make a nuclear weapon, bogged down
over fierce Iranian resistance to French participation.
2009 Oct 20, An Indian official
said 8 South Asian countries have agreed they can't be part of any
climate change deal that sets legally binding limits on their
2009 Oct 20, In Iraq a car
packed with explosives blew up at a gas station in Saqlawiyah, 45
miles (75km) west of Baghdad, killing 3 policemen and one civilian.
In northern Baghdad, one civilian was killed and 4 were wounded when
a bomb attached to a minibus exploded in Kazimiyah, a primarily
Shiite suburb of the capital. Minutes later, a roadside bomb
targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad wounded 3 civilians. In
Hilla, just south of Baghdad, a roadside bomb targeting a police
patrol killed one policeman and wounded two others. In Mosul a
roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol, wounding two soldiers
and one civilian.
2009 Oct 20, Iran’s state news
agency said Kian Tajbakhsh, an Iranian-American academic, has been
convicted for his alleged role in the post-election unrest in the
country and sentenced to more than 12 years in prison.
2009 Oct 20, Japan’s government
said it would reverse the privatization of Japan Post along with its
enormous banking unit. On Oct 28 the new government ousted the
president of Japan Post and almost the entire board.
(Econ, 10/24/09, p.50)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.73)
2009 Oct 20, Kuwait's highest
court granted women the right to obtain a passport without their
husband's approval, in the latest stride for women's rights in this
small oil-rich emirate. The landmark decision "freed" Kuwaiti women
from the 1962 law requiring their husband's signature to obtain a
2009 Oct 20, Kyrgyzstan's
Cabinet resigned as part of a sweeping government reform campaign
the president said will save money and make the Central Asian
nation's leadership more effective. Opposition leaders dismissed
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's reform push as a bid to increase his
2009 Oct 20, The United States
presented Mali security forces with more than $5 million in new
vehicles and other equipment.
2009 Oct 20, In Hidalgo,
Mexico, police found the body of a young man, about 16 years old,
who was found dead with two bullets in his head, his genitals cut
off and a warning note stabbed into his chest.
2009 Oct 20, Niger held
elections. On Oct 24 the electoral commission said the ruling party
had won a majority of votes in parliamentary elections. The official
results said President Mamadou Tandja's party received 76 out of 113
seats in the national assembly. The vote came just two months after
a referendum passed allowing Tandja to extend his rule for years
past the constitutional limit. The opposition protested the
referendum, saying it granted Tandja near-totalitarian powers, and
boycotted the elections.
2009 Oct 20, Nigeria’s main
rebel group, Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
(MEND), expressed cautious optimism after a landmark meeting between
its leader and President Umaru Yar'Adua.
2009 Oct 20, In Pakistan 2
suicide attackers bombed an Islamic university in Islamabad, killing
6 people and wounding 18 as the army pressed ahead with a critical
offensive on a Taliban stronghold near Afghanistan. Firefights raged
in the areas around Kaskai and Shisanwam, and 4 more soldiers were
killed, bringing the army's death toll over four days to 13.
(AP, 10/20/09)(AP, 10/21/09)
2009 Oct 20, Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev brought a euro1 billion ($1.5 billion) loan to
recession-hit Serbia, as Moscow sought to expand its political and
economic influence in the Balkans with the first-ever visit to
Belgrade by a Russian president.
2009 Oct 20, Turkish
prosecutors sought charges against 5 Kurdish rebels who surrendered
in a peace gesture, raising questions about whether thousands of
other guerrillas can be persuaded to end their decades-long fight.
The 5 were later released on the orders of a judge.
(AP, 10/20/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.63)
2010 Oct 20, In its biggest
arms deal ever, the United States announced it will sell up to 60
billion dollars worth of warplanes, helicopters and other weapons to
Saudi Arabia, partly to help it counter Iran.
2010 Oct 20, The United States
relaxed sanctions on Sudan to exempt farm equipment, a move seen as
part of a wider scheme of carrots and sticks before a sensitive
referendum that could split Africa's largest country.
2010 Oct 20, In Kansas Dr.
Stephen Schneider was sentenced to 30 years in prison for unlawfully
writing prescriptions, health care fraud and money laundering. His
wife was sentenced to 33 years in prison.
(SFC, 10/21/10, p.A6)
2010 Oct 20, Bob Guccione
(b.1930), founder of Penthouse magazine, died of lung cancer in
Plano, Texas. He started Penthouse in England in 1965 to subsidize a
career in art. He introduced the magazine to the American public in
(SFC, 10/21/10, p.A8)
2010 Oct 20, Robert Katz (77),
American writer and historian, died in Italy. His meticulous
reconstruction of an infamous Nazi massacre in Rome brought him fame
and sparked a trial over whether he defamed the pope. His book
"Death in Rome" (1967) and the subsequent movie based on it, called
"Massacre in Rome," stirred controversy because it suggested Pope
Pius XII did not intervene to stop the massacre even though he knew
about the Nazis' plans.
2010 Oct 20, Afghanistan
released full preliminary results from last month's parliamentary
election. About 1.3 million votes were disqualified out of 5.6
million. That means about 23 percent of ballots were discarded
because of ballot-box stuffing or re-jiggered totals. A four-day
operation ended in which NATO troops and the Afghan army killed more
than 10 insurgents and recovered four weapons caches in Kunar
(AP, 10/20/10)(AP, 10/23/10)
2010 Oct 20, Britain’s treasury
chief George Osborne announced 81 billion pounds ($128 billion) in
spending cuts through 2015, which will ax welfare payments, savage
government services and see as many as half a million public sector
2010 Oct 20, British Justice
David Bean sentenced Prince Saud Abdulaziz bin Nasser Al Saud to a
life sentence without the possibility of parole for 20 years for the
brutal assault at the Landmark Hotel in London on Feb 15.
2010 Oct 20, Britain's Supreme
Court ruled in favor of German heiress Katrin Radmacher (40),
seeking to protect her considerable fortune from her ex-husband
Nicolas Granatino (39). The decision gave new strength to prenuptial
agreements in England.
2010 Oct 20, In France workers
opposed to a higher retirement age blocked roads to airports around
the country, leaving passengers in Paris dragging suitcases on foot
along an emergency breakdown lane. Pres. Sarkozy sent in police to
clear access to barricaded fuel depots and restore supply as trade
unions kept up their resistance to an unpopular pension reform due
for a final vote this week.
(Reuters, 10/20/10)(AP, 10/20/10)
2010 Oct 20, Italian police
arrested Antonio Cortese. He is suspected of planting an unloaded
bazooka and carrying out a bomb attack earlier this year that
damaged the entrance of the Reggio Calabria courthouse in southern
Italy. Turncoat Antonino Lo Giudice, a former top 'ndrangheta boss,
accused Cortese of planting the explosives in an attempt to
2010 Oct 20, A court in
Mauritania condemned three alleged al-Qaida members to death,
including the former leader of the African nation's local terrorist
network. Former al-Qaida leader, El Khadim Ould Semene, was accused
of helping organize an attack on the Israeli embassy here two years
2010 Oct 20, In northern Mexico
Marisol Valles Garcia (20) was sworn in as the police chief of the
township of Praxedis G. Guerrero, a township of 8,500 on a drug
trafficking route along the Texas border. Soldiers battled gunmen in
two cities across the border from Texas, prompting panicked parents
to pull children from school and factories to warn workers to stay
inside. In Nuevo Laredo 5 gunmen were killed and 3 soldiers
were wounded during shootouts. Assailants in a third city threw a
grenade at an army barracks. In Ciudad Juarez a Texas National Guard
soldier (21) was reportedly one of two men killed.
(SFC, 10/21/10, p.A4)(AP, 10/20/10)(AP, 10/21/10)
2010 Oct 20, Parts Karachi,
Pakistan, shut down after an attack on a scrapyard pushed to 51 the
number of people killed in four days, a spasm of politically
motivated violence in a country already wracked by Islamist
2010 Oct 20, Palestinians said
Jewish settlers set fire to a girls school near the northern city of
Nablus. A powerful explosion ripped through a Hamas military
compound in the Gaza Strip, wounding more than a dozen people,
including women and children.
2010 Oct 20, Spain enacted a
tough new anti-smoking law, eliminating its status as Western
Europe's last country where lighting up in indoor public places is
2010 Oct 20, Swiss mining giant
Xstrata said that it would spend 4.9 billion rands (710 million
dollars, 510 million euros) on expanding a ferrochrome smelter in
2010 Oct 20, In Turkey police
detained five people, including three university students, suspected
of providing financial and technical support to the al-Qaida network
2010 Oct 20, Pope Benedict XVI
named 24 new cardinals, putting his mark on the body that will elect
his successor and giving a boost to Italian hopes to regain the
2010 Oct 20, Venezuelan
President Hugo Chavez left Iran after signing 11 deals focused on
energy cooperation between the two major oil producers who are foes
of the United States.
2011 Oct 20, Two small
earthquakes hit the San Francisco area, jolting residents on the
same day many Californians took part in an annual earthquake
preparedness drill. A 3.8 evening quake came nearly six hours after
a magnitude 4.0 earthquake hit in the same area.
2011 Oct 20, Pennsylvania Gov.
Tom Corbett signed a state law giving him unprecedented power to
force Harrisburg to pay off its staggering debt on a $300 million
(SFC, 10/21/11, p.A7)
2011 Oct 20, The Economist
Magazine presented its annual Innovation awards. Winners included:
Robert Langer of MIT for work on controlled-release drug delivery
and tissue engineering; Devi Shetty of India for reducing hospital
health care costs; Paul Bucheit in the US for creating Gmail and
AdSense; Jeff Bezos of Amazon and Greg Zehr of Lab 126 for creating
the Kindle e-book reader; Chetan Maini of Mahindra Reva Electric
Vehicles for building affordable electric cars; Jessica
Jackley and matt Flannery, co-founders of Kiva, for pioneering
web-based, per-to-peer microlending; Marc Koska of SafePoint Trust,
for inventing the K1 auto-disposable syringe; and Amazon.com for
corporate use of innovation.
(Econ, 12/3/11, TQ p.11)
2011 Oct 20, Albanian port
authorities said 3 sailors died and five others are missing after
their Turkish merchant ship, Reina 1, collided with a passenger
ferry and sank in the Adriatic some 20 miles (30 km) from the
Albanian port of Durres. No injuries were reported on the ferry
Ankara, which had left Durres en route for the Italian port of Bari
with about 200 passengers.
2011 Oct 20, A Brazilian jury
convicted three doctors of killing four patients by removing their
organs, which prosecutors said were used for transplants at an
expensive private clinic. The case took 25 years for a verdict to be
handed down. Doctors Rui Sacramento, Pedro Torrecillas and Mariano
Fiore Junior were sentenced to 17 years and six months each in
2011 Oct 20, In London UBS
trader Kweku Adoboli (31), who is accused of unauthorized trading
which the Swiss bank says has cost it some $2.3 billion, was
remanded in custody to appear for a plea and case management hearing
2011 Oct 20, Cameroon's Supreme
Court rejected an opposition bid to annul this month's presidential
election, paving the way for the results to be published.
2011 Oct 20, Chilean students
and other protesters interrupted a Senate committee meeting to
demand a referendum on how to resolve Chile's social problems,
especially education. The protesters then occupied the Senate
headquarters and transmitted the situation live over the Internet by
2011 Oct 20, China said that it
will allow four of its most developed cities and provinces to issue
bonds on a trial basis, giving cash-strapped local governments a
much-needed funding boost.
2011 Oct 20, Heavy rains
generated by a low-pressure system hammered Central America for 10
days. Mudslides and swollen rivers killed at least 105 people
including 38 in Guatemala, 34 in El Salvador, 15 in Honduras, 13 in
Nicaragua and 5 in Costa Rica.
2011 Oct 20, France said that
the Somali kidnappers of Marie Dedieu (66), a disabled Frenchwoman
who died after being snatched from her home in Kenya, are demanding
a ransom for the return of her body.
2011 Oct 20, The Honduras
Supreme Court voted 12-3 to reject abuse of authority charges
against now-retired Gens. Romeo Vasquez, Luis Prince, Venancio
Cervantes, Miguel Garcia, Juan Pablo Rodriguez and Carlos Cuellar.
They had been accused of toppling former president Manuel Zelaya and
flying him to Costa Rica in 2009.
2011 Oct 20, Iran reported that
13 divers, part of a team installing an underwater oil pipeline,
were inside a pressurized diving chamber when their Koosha-1 ship
sank in the Persian Gulf in stormy seas. The 7 Indians, 5 Iranians
and one Ukrainian had about 72 hours of oxygen. 8 of the 13 divers
were reported dead on Oct 23.
(AP, 10/22/11)(AP, 10/23/11)
2011 Oct 20, Italian energy
giant ENI announced a giant natural gas discovery off the coast of
Mozambique, which could be the largest in company's history.
2011 Oct 20, Kenya said it
intends to push its troops to Somalia's insurgent stronghold of
Kismayo and will stay until there are no Islamist insurgents left.
2011 Oct 20, Kenyan police
arrested Imam Hassan Mahat Omar, a Muslim cleric on a UN sanctions
list, over his alleged support of an al-Qaida-linked militant group
in neighboring Somalia. 9 other people were arrested including 2
doctors who ran a clinic in the predominantly Somali neighborhood of
2011 Oct 20, Kosovo's NATO-led
peacekeepers confronted crowds of angry Serbs as they tried to
remove Serb roadblocks in the volatile north of the country.
2011 Oct 20, Libya’s National
Transition Council said that its fighters found and shot dictator
Moammar Gadhafi (69). Sirte finally fell to the rebels today after
weeks of tough fighting. NATO war planes struck a convoy of armed
vehicles in the vicinity of Sirte. Gadhafi was in the convoy.
Gadhafi was shot in the head after being captured at a sewage
culvert on the outskirts of Sirte. The NATO strikes marked the
culmination of a NATO-led air war mandated by the UN to protect
civilians from Gadhafi's forces. In 2012 Human Rights Watch issued a
50-page report, titled "Death of a Dictator: Bloody Vengeance in
Sirte," detailing the last hours of Gadhafi's life.
(AP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/21/11)(AP, 10/17/12)
2011 Oct 20, Mauritania's army
conducted an air raid to prevent a planned attack by al-Qaida-linked
insurgents in a forest just across the border in Mali, where the
group has a cell. Ali Ould Sidi Tiyib, a leader for al-Qaida in the
Islamic Maghreb, was later reported killed in the raid. He was
wanted for his role in an attack against the Israeli Embassy in
Mauritania in 2008.
(AP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/22/11)
2011 Oct 20, Mexican President
Felipe Calderon accused the United States of dumping criminals at
the border because it is cheaper than prosecuting them, and said the
practice has fueled violence in Mexico's border areas.
2011 Oct 20, The World Bank
said it would lend Nepal up to $400 million to help the impoverished
nation move towards peace and stability, five years after the end of
its civil war.
2011 Oct 20, Nigeria's military
arrested 46 suspects and seized a vessel laden with stolen refined
petroleum products in the oil-producing Niger Delta.
2011 Oct 20, A United Nations
envoy said North Korea is estimated to hold up to 200,000 people in
political prisons, a sharp increase from a decade ago. South Korea
estimates that North Korea holds 154,000 political prisoners in six
large camps across the country.
2011 Oct 20, In Pakistan 4
soldiers and 5 militants were killed in a gunbattle in the Khyber
tribal district along the Afghan border. In the evening militants
attacked a group of paramilitary soldiers conducting a search
operation in the Khyber tribal area, sparking fighting that killed
three soldiers and 34 militants.
(AFP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/21/11)
2011 Oct 20, A Senegal court
sentenced an opposition activist to two years in prison for issuing
death threats against the judge who heads the country's
Constitutional Council. Malick Seck had attempted to deliver a
letter to the home of the chief justice denouncing the council's
silence over President Abdoulaye Wade's decision to run for a
controversial third term and saying the judge will pay the price.
2011 Oct 20, Singapore’s PM Lee
Hsien Loong vowed a "more open" style of government following two
elections this year that showed citizens wanting a greater voice in
2011 Oct 20, In Somalia
pro-government forces supported by foreign troops chased al-Shabab
out of Mogadishu’s northernmost neighborhood, Deynile, in a dawn
offensive. Al-Qaida-linked militants claimed to have killed 70
foreign African Union peacekeepers but an eyewitness said many of
the bodies put on display were likely Somali government soldiers. An
AU spokesman the next day said that the insurgents had stolen
uniforms and dressed up scores of their own dead. The AU said 10
soldiers were killed, including 6 from Burundi, with two missing
after intense fighting with insurgents. A week later it was reported
that 51 Burundian soldiers were killed in the clash.
(AP, 10/20/11)(AP, 10/21/11)(AFP, 10/22/11)(AP,
2011 Oct 20, South Africa's
President Jacob Zuma was at the center of a row over the millions
spent on the renovation of South Africa's government and
presidential buildings. A day later backtracked on a slammed lavish
upgrade of President Jacob Zuma's official residence, saying the
wrong details were supplied to parliament.
(AFP, 10/20/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)
2011 Oct 20, ETA announced it
was ceasing its 43-year-long bloody campaign for an independent
Basque state in territory straddling northern Spain and southwest
France. But the group stopped short of declaring defeat and called
on Spain and France to open talks on the conflict.
2011 Oct 20, About 10,000 elite
Turkish soldiers took part in a ground offensive against Kurdish
rebels in southeastern Turkey and across the border in Iraq, making
it the nation's largest attack on the insurgents in more than three
2011 Oct 20, Tunisians
expatriates began casting their ballots ahead the weekend
legislative elections, the country's first free elections.
2011 Oct 20, Venezuelan
President Hugo Chavez said he is free of cancer after a series of
chemotherapy treatments in Cuba.
2011 Oct 20, Zambia, Africa's
biggest copper producer, said it has suspended the renewal and issue
of new mining licenses and would undertake an audit of the sector.
2012 Oct 20, Obama
administration officials said the US and Iran have agreed in
principle for the first time to one-on-one negotiations over Iran’s
(SSFC, 10/21/12, p.A5)
2012 Oct 20, In southern
California Desmond John Moses (55) went on the early morning
shooting rampage over a dispute with the victims. He set fire to his
backyard bungalow before shooting five members of a family, killing
a father (30) and his 4-year-old son in Inglewood.
2012 Oct 20, In New Jersey
Autumn Pasquale (12) disappeared in her hometown of Clayton. On Oct
23 two teenagers were arrested and charged with her murder.
(SFC, 10/27/12, p.A5)
2012 Oct 20, Afghan officials
said an Afghan police officer and cook poisoned two colleagues at a
checkpoint in an assault coordinated with insurgent fighters who
killed 4 other officers in Helmand province. Another Taliban attack
in Helmand killed two district community council members. A
Taliban-fired rocket-propelled grenades destroyed a warehouse full
of food destined for the Bagram US base.
2012 Oct 20, Thousands of
protesters marched through central London against public spending
cuts and tax rises enacted by a government fighting accusations it
is run by an upper-class elite that ignores the plight of
2012 Oct 20, In eastern Congo
three Roman Catholic priests were kidnapped in Beni, north of Goma,
in North Kivu province.
2012 Oct 20, In France some 70
far-right extremists from around the country stormed the
construction site of a mosque in Poitiers to show their hostility
toward it and denounce immigration that has brought millions of
Muslims into the country.
2012 Oct 20, In Iraq a roadside
bomb near a Shiite shrine and a string of shootings that targeted
security forces killed at least 17 people in Baghdad.
(AP, 10/20/12)(SSFC, 10/21/12, p.A4)
2012 Oct 20, Israeli troops
commandeered a Gaza-bound ship that tried to break through Israel's
blockade of the Hamas-ruled seaside strip. European lawmakers and
other pro-Palestinian activists aboard did not resist, and the
Finnish-flagged vessel was diverted to an Israeli port.
2012 Oct 20, In Nigeria gunmen
raided the Potiskum home of a former Nigeria Customs Service
official and killed him and his son.
2012 Oct 20, Palestinians held
local elections. Fatah was expected to win as Hamas boycotted the
vote. Voters choosing new local councils in the West Bank rebuffed
candidates from Pres. Abbas' Fatah movement in five of the 11 main
(SFC, 10/20/12, p.A2)(AP, 10/21/12)
2012 Oct 20, Turkey's state-run
agency said clashes between Turkish security forces and Kurdish
rebels in Hakkari province, have left nine people dead.
2013 Oct 20, In Bolivia 8
soldiers were taken hostage by suspected coca growers after a
firefight that left two security officers dead and 17 wounded.
2013 Oct 20, Egyptian security
forces fired bird shot and teargas to prevent supporters of deposed
Islamist President Mohamed Mursi from marching to the site of a
protest camp that was destroyed two months ago. An attack outside a
Coptic church in Cairo killed 4 people, including an 8-year-old
(Reuters, 10/20/13)(AP, 10/21/13)
2013 Oct 20, In Iraq 8 suicide
bombers targeted police and local officials in Rawa, northwest of
Baghdad, killing 8 people. In southwestern Baghdad 41 people were
killed and 65 were wounded in a crowded cafe in the primarily Shiite
neighborhood of Amil, bringing the death toll from violence across
Iraq to 51.
(AFP, 10/20/13)(AP, 10/21/13)
2013 Oct 20, Kenya's biggest
selling newspaper “The Nation" reported that security camera footage
showed soldiers appearing to loot goods during last month's Nairobi
shopping mall siege.
2013 Oct 20, In Kenya 2
Christian clerics were found killed in separate attacks.
2013 Oct 20, Luxembourgers
voted for a new government with a possibility of keeping PM
Jean-Claude Juncker in power after a spying scandal forced early
elections. The conservative Christian Social People's Party (CSV) of
PM Jean-Claude Juncker led the field with 33.7% of the vote --
against 38% four years ago.
(AP, 10/20/13)(AFP, 10/20/13)
2013 Oct 20, Mohamed Nasheed,
the leading candidate in the Maldives' troubled presidential
election, demanded that Pres. Mohamed Waheed Hassan resign and allow
the parliamentary speaker to take over the government and oversee a
2013 Oct 20, Montenegro police
used tear gas against dozens of rock-throwing opponents of a gay
pride march in Podgorica.
2013 Oct 20, Pakistan’s PM
Nawaz Sharif arrived in Washington on a 4-day trip. He was scheduled
to meet with Pres. Obama on Oct 23.
(SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A3)
2013 Oct 20, In the Philippines
Sultan Jamalul Kiram III (75) died. His armed followers invaded
Sabah state earlier this year sparking a security crises that left
dozens of people dead.
(SFC, 10/21/13, p.A2)
2013 Oct 20, In South
Sudan 79 people were killed in attacks on villages in Twic
East county, Jonglei state. Authorities blamed fighters loyal to
anti-government rebel leader David Yau Yau.
(AP, 10/21/13)(AP, 10/23/13)
2013 Oct 20, In Syria a suicide
bomber blew up a truck packed with explosives at an army checkpoint
in the central city of Hama, killing at least 31 people.
2013 Oct 20, In Western Sahara
bloody clashes erupted between police and pro-independence
protesters as a UN envoy wrapped up his latest visit to the disputed
2014 Oct 20, It was reported
that 38 of 66 WWII war crime suspects, removed from the US since
1979, were allowed to keep their US Social Security benefits. At
least four were still living with continuing benefits.
(SFC, 10/20/14, p.A8)
2014 Oct 20, Alabama House
Speaker Mike Hubbard was arrested on felony ethics charges after
being indicted by a grand jury of 23 charges accusing him of
misusing his speaker’s office and previous post as chairman of the
Alabama Republican Party.
(SFC, 10/21/14, p.A6)
2014 Oct 20, Legendary fashion
designer Oscar de la Renta (b.1932) died at his home in Connecticut.
His beautiful clothes defined American elegance for generations and
were beloved by first ladies and Hollywood stars.
2014 Oct 20, Australia's
Parliament House lifted a short-lived ban on facial coverings
including burqas and niqabs after the prime minister intervened.
2014 Oct 20, In northwestern
Bangladesh two passenger buses collided head-on, killing at least 20
people and injuring 25 others.
2014 Oct 20, In Canada Martin
Couture-Rouleau (25) smashed his car into the two soldiers in the
Quebec city of Saint-Jean-Sur-Richelieu before fleeing with police
in pursuit. Officers opened fired on the suspect, who later died.
The suspect was described by Canadian authorities a young convert to
Islam. One of the injured soldiers soon died in hospital.
(AFP, 10/21/14)(SFC, 10/22/14, p.A2)(Econ,
2014 Oct 20, China was reported
to have donated $6 million to help stave off food shortages in
Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the countries worst affected by
the Ebola virus.
2014 Oct 20, Lufthansa pilots
launched a strike, deepening Germany's travel chaos after train
drivers stopped work at the weekend just as school holidays began in
much of the country.
2014 Oct 20, In southern India
a blaze engulfed a fireworks factory, killing at least 13 workers
and seriously burning seven others in Vakatippa village, Andhra
2014 Oct 20, Indonesia's Joko
Widodo took over as president of the world's third-largest
democracy. Widodo said that he wanted his nation to be
self-sufficient in food staples sugar, rice and corn within four
2014 Oct 20, Iranian news
reported that authorities have arrested four people suspected of
throwing acid on women.
2014 Oct 20, In Iraq militants
unleashed a wave of deadly attacks on the country's majority Shiite
community, killing at least 43 people in Baghdad and Karbala. The
Islamic State jihadist group attacked the Kurdish-controlled town of
Qara Tapah, northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 7 peshmerga
troops and 3 civilians. Some 300 Islamic State militants with
armored vehicles attacked and seized villages near Mount Sinjar and
then turned their attention on the mountain itself.
(AP, 10/20/14)(AFP, 10/20/14)(AFP, 10/23/14)
2014 Oct 20, In Iraq some 300
Islamic State militants with armored vehicles attacked and seized
villages near Mount Sinjar and then turned their attention on the
2014 Oct 20, In Israel Abdullah
Abu Rahma, who spent 15 months behind bars for organizing weekly
demonstrations against Israel's separation barrier in the village of
Bilin, was convicted at Ofer military court near the West Bank city
of Ramallah for "interfering" with the work of a soldier.
2014 Oct 20, Japan's PM Shinzo
Abe suffered a double setback with the resignations of two female
cabinet ministers over claims they misused political funds, dealing
a blow to his proclaimed gender reform drive.
2014 Oct 20, A Libyan official
said fighting in the eastern city of Benghazi between Islamist
militias and pro-government fighters has left 65 people dead as
fierce battles continued for a sixth day.
2014 Oct 20, Mozambique's
national elections commission said that vote counting in the
country's northwestern province has stopped due to possible fraud
with more than 60 percent of votes counted so far.
2014 Oct 20, Nigeria was
declared free of Ebola by the World Health Organization.
2014 Oct 20, Palestinians
hurled Molotov cocktails at an apartment building in a flashpoint
east Jerusalem neighborhood just hours after it was taken over by
2014 Oct 20, In Russia
Christophe de Margerie, the charismatic CEO of Total SA, was killed
at a Moscow airport late today when his private jet collided with a
snowplow whose driver, Vladimir Martynenko, was reportedly drunk. 3
French crew members also died when the Dassault Falcon 50 burst into
flames after it hit the snowplow. Relatives said Martynenko was
sober in the morning and that he doesn't drink at all due to chronic
(AP, 10/21/14)(Reuters, 10/21/14)
2014 Oct 20, In Sierra Leone 49
confirmed cases of Ebola emerged just today in two Ebola zones in
and around the capital. So many people were dying that removing
bodies was a problem.
2014 Oct 20, The Spanish
government said several hundred African migrants staged multiple
attempts to scale the border fences separating Spain's North African
enclave of Melilla from Morocco, with about 60 managing to get
2014 Oct 20, Turkey said it
would allow Iraqi Kurdish fighters to reinforce fellow Kurds in the
Syrian town of Kobani, while the US air-dropped arms for the first
time to help the defenders resist an Islamic State assault.
2014 Oct 20, Uganda police
fired live bullets and tear gas to break up protests by university
students, wounding several people in Kampala. The students, from
Makerere University were calling for graduation fees to be lowered
from some 85 dollars to 35 dollars.
2014 Oct 20, A report by
Ukraine's parliament revealed that more than 300 soldiers were
killed during a weeks-long battle in August that marked a crushing
setback in the military campaign to root out pro-Russian separatist
forces in the city of Ilovaisk.
2014 Oct 20, Yemeni security
officials say al-Qaida militants have captured al-Adeen town south
Sanaa as they fought fierce battles elsewhere against Shiite rebels
known as Houthis. Fighting between the Houthis and al-Qaida
militants resumed in the Raad area in Baydah province south of
Sanaa. The battles left 13 Houthis and 15 militants killed.