Today in History - October 26

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23        Oct 26, Wang Mang (b.~45BC), emperor of the Western Han Dynasty, died. His rule marks the separation between the Western Han Dynasty (before Xin) and Eastern Han Dynasty (after Xin). Chinese rebels known as Red Eyebrows entered Changan and beheaded Emp. Wang Mang. Liu Xiu (Guang Wu Di), a 9th generation descendant of Emp. Liu Bang, proclaimed himself emperor and led his followers to Luoyang to begin the Eastern Han rule. 
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Mang)(NG, Feb, 04, p.21)

899        Oct 26, Alfred the Great (b.849), writer and king of Wessex (871-99), died. He helped to bring about the English state, the Royal Navy and English universities. He translated Pope Gregory’s “Pastoral Care," the universal history by Orosius, Bede’s Ecclesiastical History, and the “Consolation of Philosophy" by Boethius. Alfred also compiled England’s first code of laws, The Doom Book.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_the_Great)(ON, 4/08, p.5)

1407        Oct 26, Mobs attacked the Jewish community of Cracow.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1440        Oct 26, Gilles de Rais, French marshal, depraved killer of 140 children, was hanged over slow fire. A brilliant young French knight, he was believed to have cracked over the torture and death of his true love, Jeanne d'Arc, the Maid of Orleans (d.1431).
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1466        Oct 26, Desiderius Erasmus (d.1536), scholar and author (In Praise of Folly), was born in Rotterdam. He was of illegitimate birth, but became a priest and a monk. He excelled in philology, the study of ancient languages, namely Latin and Greek and worked on a new translation of the New Testament. The more he studied it, the more he came to doubt the accuracy of the Vulgate, St. Jerome's translation into Latin, dating from around 400. “In Praise of Folly" is his most famous work... In it Erasmus had the freedom to discourse, in the ironic style of Lucian (the Greek author whose works he translated), concerning all the foolishness and misguided pompousness of the world.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.159-160)(MC, 10/26/01)

1492        Oct 26, Columbus' fleet anchored on Ragged Island Range, Bahamas.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1492        Oct 26, Lead pencils were 1st used.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1529        Oct 26, Thomas More was appointed English Lord Chancellor.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1597        Oct 26, Korea’s Admiral Yi Sun-shin (Yi Sun sin), with a fleet of 13 ships, beat back the Japanese Navy, with a fleet of hundreds of ships, at the Battle of Myeongnyang. In 2014 the South Korean film “Roaring Currents," a depiction of the battle, was released and became the country’s most popular film of all time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Myeongnyang)(Econ, 10/4/14, p.47)

1651        Oct 26, Courlander Gambia was established as a Latvian colony.
    (http://www.vdiest.nl/gambia.htm)

1662        Oct 26, Charles II of England sold Dunkirk to France.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1682        Oct 26, William Penn accepted the area around Delaware River from Duke of York.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1685        Oct 26, Domenico Scarlatti (d.1757, composer and harpsichordist was born in Naples, Italy. Scarlatti, son of Alessandro, composed over 550 short, keyboard sonatas or exercises.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1275)(LGC-HCS, p.38)(MC, 10/26/01)

1749        Oct 26, The Georgia Colony reversed itself and ruled slavery to be legal.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1759        Oct 26, Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary leader, was born. He was an impassioned orator and minister of Justice. He was also the last hope of the moderates during the French Reign of Terror and his execution led directly to the overthrow of Robespierre in 1794.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1774        Oct 26, The first Continental Congress, which protested British measures and called for civil disobedience, concluded in Philadelphia. The Congress had met at the Philadelphia Carpenter's Hall.
    (AP, 10/26/97)(HN, 10/26/98)(SFEC, 2/20/00, Z1 p.2)
1774        Oct 26, Minute Men were organized in the American colonies.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1795        Oct 26, Napoleon Bonaparte, second-in-command, became the army's commander when General Paul Barras resigned his commission as head of France's Army of the Interior to become head of the Directory.
    (HN, 10/26/99)

1800        Oct 26, Helmuth Karl von Moltke, Prussian Field Marshal and Count, was born. His reorganization of the Prussian Army led to military victories that allowed the unification of Germany. His father was a German officer serving in the Danish army. His greatest innovation was the creation of a fighting force that could mobilize quickly and strike when and where it chose. He was one of the first generals to grasp the importance of railroads in moving troops. In 1995 Otto Friedrich authored a biography of the Moltke family line from Bismarck to Hitler: “Blood and Iron: From Bismarck to Hitler the von Moltke Family’s Impact on German History."
    (WSJ, 11/7/95, p.A-20)(HN, 10/26/98)

1825        Oct 26, The Erie Canal was opened in upstate New York. It cut through 363 miles of wilderness and measured 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep. It had 18 aqueducts and 83 locks and rose 568 feet from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. The first boat on the Erie Canal left Buffalo, N.Y. after eight years of construction. At the request of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, the New York state legislature had provided $7 million to finance the project. The canal facilitated trade between New York City and the Midwest--manufactured goods were shipped out of New York and agricultural products were returned from the Midwest. As the canal became vital to trade, New York City flourished and settlers rapidly moved into the Midwest and founded towns like Clinton, Illinois. [see 1826] Gov. Clinton rode the Seneca Chief canal boat from Buffalo to New York harbor for the inauguration. In 2004 Peter L. Bernstein authored “Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation." In 2009 Gerard Koeppel authored “Bond of Union: Building the Erie Canal and the American Empire."
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.T10)(AP, 10/26/97)(HN, 10/26/98)(WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 1/14/05, p.W6)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.89)

1853        Oct 26, R.H. Kern, American artist, was killed by Indians in Utah.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F9)

1854        Oct 26, Charles William Post, food manufacturer, was born. He created "Grape Nuts" and "Post Toasties." [see Oct 26, 1855]
    (HN, 10/26/00)

1855        Oct 26, Charles Post, creator of breakfast cereals (Post Cereals), was born. [see Oct 25, 1854]
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1858        Oct 26, Hamilton Smith patented rotary washing machine.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1861        Oct 26, The Pony Express ended after 18 months of operation. [see Apr 3, 1860]
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1865        Oct 26, Benjamin Guggenheim (d.1912), one of the 7 sons of Swiss-born industrialist Meyer Guggenheim, was born in Philadelphia. Sometimes called the "Silver Prince," Benjamin earned his nickname from his interests in that precious metal. He died aboard the Titanic.
    (www.biography.com/people/benjamin-guggenheim-283816)

1868        Oct 26, White trash terrorists killed several blacks in St. Bernard Parish, La.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1874        Oct 26, Peter Cornelius, German composer, died at 49.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1876        Oct 26, President Grant sent federal troops to SC.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1879        Oct 26, Leon Trotsky (d.1940), a leader of the Bolshevik Revolution, was born. "Old age is the most unexpected of all the things that happen to a man." [see Nov 8]
    (AP, 8/21/98)(HN, 10/26/98)

1881        Oct 26, Wyatt Earp, his two brothers and “Doc" Holliday showed up at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, to disarm the Clanton and McLaury boys, who were in violation of a ban on carrying guns in the city limits: "Gunfight at the O.K. Corral." Billy Clanton and Tom and Frank McLowery were killed; Earp’s brothers were wounded. This was the notorious “Showdown at the OK Corral." In 1992 the “Encyclopedia of Western Lawmen and Outlaws" by Jay Robert Nash was published. In 1999 Allan Barra published "Inventing Wyatt Earp: His Life and Many Legends."
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A3)(AP, 10/26/97)(SFEC, 6/14/98, p.T6)(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.5)

1886        Oct 26, Gustav Hermann Unger, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1890        Oct 26, Collodi, [Carlo Lorenzini], Italian writer (Pinocchio), died.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1900        Oct 26, After 4 years of work the 1st section of NY subway opened. [see Feb 26, 1870]
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1901        Oct 26, Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer, was born. [see Oct 26, 1911]
    (HN, 10/26/00)
1901        Oct 26, 1st use of "getaway car" occurred after the hold-up of a shop in Paris.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1902        Oct 26, Beryl Markham, aviator and writer, was born.
    (HN, 10/26/00)

1905        Oct 26, 1st Soviet (workers' council) formed in St Petersburg, Russia.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1905        Oct 26, Norway signed a treaty of separation with Sweden and chose Prince Charles of Denmark as the new king; he became King Haakon VII.
    (HN, 10/26/98)

1909        Oct 26, Hirobumi Ito (b.1841), Japan’s resident general in Seoul, was gunned down in Harbin in Russian-controlled Manchuria by Korean nationalist Chang Ahn Gun (aka Ahn Jung-geun).
    (http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/INV_JED/ITO_HIROBUMI_PRINCE_1841_1909_.html)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.48)

1911        Oct 26, Mahalia Jackson (d.1972), American gospel singer, was born. "It's easy to be independent when you've got money. But to be independent when you haven't got a thing -- that's the Lord's test."
    (AP, 3/18/99)(MC, 10/26/01)

1912        Oct 26, By an executive order Delaware was represented by the first star and Delaware wais represented by the top stripe of the American flag. Delaware was the first of the 13 colonies to ratify the Constitution, on Dec. 7, 1787. It was thus assigned the top of the 13 stripes and the first of the then 48 stars by an executive order signed by President William Howard Taft. Each subsequent stripe was then assigned to the colonies in the order in which they ratified the Constitution. The first 13 stars (from left to right) also represent the order in which the colonies ratified, and are then followed by the rest of the states in the order in which they were admitted into the Union.
    (HNQ, 1/6/00)

1916        Oct 26, French leader Francois Mitterrand, was born. He served as President of France from 1981-95.
    (HN, 10/26/98)(MC, 10/26/01)
1916        Oct 26, Margaret Sanger was arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control).
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1917        Oct 26, Felix the Cat, cartoon character, was born.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1918        Oct 26, Cecil H. Chubb donated the property of Stonehenge to the English state.
    (HT, 3/97, p.22)(www.this-is-amesbury.co.uk/stonehenge.html)
1918        Oct 26, Germany's supreme commander, General Erich Ludendorff, resigned, protesting the terms to which the German Government had agreed in negotiating the armistice. This set the stage for his later support for Hitler and the Nazis, who claimed that Germany did not lose the war on the battlefield but were "stabbed in the back" by politicians.
    (HN, 10/26/98)

1919        Oct 26, Elgar's Cello Concerto premiered in Queen's Hall London.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1919        Oct 26, President Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill was overridden.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1919        Oct 26, Mohammed Riza Pahlevi, the Shah of Iran (1941-79). He was overthrown in 1979 and died in the United States, was born.
    (HN, 10/26/98)(MC, 10/26/01)

1922        Oct 26, Italian government resigned under pressure from fascists and Benito Mussolini.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1927        Oct 26, Gustav Schickedanz (1895-1977) founded Quelle, a German mail-order business.
    (WSJ, 7/17/06, p.C8)(http://tinyurl.com/p7ypb)

1928        Oct 26, The Pickwick Stage System filed documents to form a passenger airplane service connecting SF, San Diego and Chicago. It planned to use a fleet of tri-motored, 12 passenger Bach monoplanes.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.E10)

1931        Oct 26, Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra," premiered in NYC. He adopted the Aeschylus “Oresteia" trilogy to a New England family, the Mannons, in the days just after the American Civil War. The three parts were called “Homecoming," “The Hunted" and “The Haunted."
    (WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A16)(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(MC, 10/26/01)

1936        Oct 26, At Boulder Dam the first of the five power units to be installed under the initial plan went into operation.
    (www.usbr.gov/history/hoover.htm)

1938        Oct 26, Ralph Bakshi, animator (Lord of Rings, Fritz the Cat, Mighty Mouse), was born.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1938        Oct 26, Du Pont named its new synthetic fiber "nylon." [see Oct 27]
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1939        Oct 26, Polish Jews were forced into obligatory work service.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1940        Oct 26, Mario Orosco, the 1st victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives), was born.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1941        Oct 26, US savings bonds went on sale.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1942        Oct 26, Japanese planes badly damaged the US ship Hornet in the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands, in the South Pacific Solomon Islands. 300 survivors were rescued by the destroyer Barton. The Hornet sank early the next morning.
    (HN, 10/26/98)(AP, 10/26/07)(SFC, 10/14/05, p.B6)
1942        Oct 26, In the Battle of Santa Cruz the USS South Dakota shot down a record 32 enemy planes
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1942        Oct 26, On the 2nd day in the Battle of Henderson Field. Mitchell Paige (1918-2003), US Marine platoon sergeant, held his position against Japanese forces at Guadalcanal as all his men were killed or wounded, until reinforcements arrived. He received a battlefield commission and later a Medal of Honor. In 1975 he authored the autobiography "A Marine Named Mitch."
    (HN, 10/26/98)(SFC, 11/19/03, p.A29)
1942        Oct 26, In the 4th day of the battle at El Alamein (Egypt) the Australians made a breakthrough.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1944        Oct 25-26, The Japanese were defeated in the Straits of Surigao in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. Japan lost 26 capital ships. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorted to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.
    (HN, 10/25/98)(AH, 10/04, p.15)

1945        Oct 26, Pat Conroy, American writer (Great Santini, Prince of Tides), was born in Atlanta, Georgia. His work included "Conrack" (1973; film, 1974; stage musical, 1987); "The Great Santini" (1976; film, 1979); "The Lords of Discipline" (1980; film, 1983); "The Prince of Tides" (1986; film, 1991); and "Beach Music" (1995; film, 1997).
    (www.patconroy.com/patconroy/biography.htm)

1947        Oct 26, Hillary Rodham Clinton, First lady (1993-2001), was born.
    (HN, 10/26/98)(MC, 10/26/01)

1949        Oct 26, President Truman signed a measure raising the minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents an hour. Home-delivered milk was 42 cents per half gallon.
    (SFC, 4/24/99, p.A10)(AP, 10/26/99)

1950        Oct 26, A reconnaissance platoon for a South Korean division reached the Yalu River. They were the only elements of the U.N. force to reach the river before the Chinese offensive pushed the whole army down into South Korea.
    (HN, 10/26/98)

1951        Oct 26, Rocky Marciano defeated Joe Louis at Madison Square Garden.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1951        Oct 26, Winston Churchill was re-elected British PM. [see Oct 25]
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1952            Oct 26, Hattie McDaniel (b.1895) actress (Gone With the Wind), died in Woodland Hills, Ca., of breast cancer. She was the first black actor/actress to receive an Academy Award. In 2005 Jill Watts authored “Hattie McDaniel: Black Ambition, White Hollywood."
    {Black History, Filmstar}
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0567408/)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.M3)

1954        Oct 26, Chevrolet introduced the V-8 engine.
    (HN, 10/26/98)
1954        Oct 26, In Egypt a member of the Muslim Brotherhood attempted to kill PM Nasser.
    (http://countrystudies.us/egypt/32.htm)

1955        Oct 26, The Village Voice was first published, backed in part by Norman Mailer.
    (HN, 10/26/00)
1955        Oct 26, Austria marked this day as National Day to commemorate the departure of all foreign troops a day earlier.
    (SSFC, 10/20/12, p.N3)
1955        Oct 26, Austria, under request by Russia, promulgated a constitutional law of perpetual neutrality.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-33385/Austria)(Econ, 11/24/07, SR p.8)
1955        Oct 26, Ngo Dinh Diem (1901-1963) began serving as president of Vietnam.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ng%C3%B4_%C4%90%C3%ACnh_Di%E1%BB%87m)

1956        Oct 26, Walter Gieseking (60), German pianist and composer, died.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1957        Oct 26, The Russian government announced that Marshal Georgi Zhukov, the nation's most prominent military hero, had been relieved of his duties as Minister of Defense. Khrushchev accused Zhukov of promoting his own "cult of personality" and saw him as a threat to his own popularity.
    (AP, 10/26/97)(HN, 10/26/98)
1957        Oct 26, Nicos Kazantzakis (b.1885), writer (The Last Temptation of Christ), died.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1958        Oct 26, Pan American Airways pilot Samuel H. Miller (d.2001 at 84) flew the first Boeing 707 passenger service jetliner from New York’s Idlewild Airport (later JFK) to Paris; the trip took eight hours and 41 minutes. 111 passengers flew aboard the Clipper America and a ticket cost $489.60. The plane was christened a week earlier by Mamie Eisenhower. The first New York - London transatlantic jet passenger service was inaugurated by BOAC. [see Oct 4]
    (AP, 10/26/97)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W6)(HN, 10/26/98)(SFC, 9/12/01, p.A21)

1961        Oct 26, Britain introduced a time-limited parliamentary session for Prime Minister's Questions. It was initially two sessions of 15 minutes each on Tuesday and Thursday. PM Tony Blair later changed it to a single 30-minute joust on Wednesdays.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

1962        Oct 26, JFK warned Russia that the US would not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1962        Oct 26, Nikita Khrushchev sent note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closed its bases in Turkey. The offer was rejected.
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1962        Oct 26, The USS Beale tracked and dropped practice depth charges on a Soviet Foxtrot-class submarine which was armed with a nuclear torpedo. Running out of air, the Soviet submarine was surrounded by American warships and desperately needed to surface to recharge its batteries. An argument broke out among three officers on the B-39, including submarine captain Valentin Savitsky, political officer Ivan Semonovich Maslennikov, and chief of staff of the submarine flotilla, Commander Vasiliy Arkhipov. A totally exhausted Savitsky became furious and ordered that the nuclear torpedo on board be made combat ready. Accounts differ about whether Commander Arkhipov convinced Savitsky not to make the attack, or whether Savitsky himself finally concluded that the only reasonable choice left open to him was to come to the surface.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_Missile_Crisis)

1965        Oct 26, Beatles received MBEs at Buckingham Palace.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1966        Oct 26, US aircraft carrier Oriskany caught fire at Gulf on Tonkin and 43 died.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1967        Oct 26, The Shah of Iran crowned himself and his Queen after 26 years on the Peacock Throne.
    (AP, 10/26/97)

1968        Oct 26, Illinois state and the city of Chicago recognized Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable (1745-1818), a Haitian-born sea captain, as the founder of Chicago.
    (www.usps.com/communications/community/_pdf/bhm06_poster.pdf)(http://tinyurl.com/cnt6tk)

1970        Oct 26, Pres. Nixon signed Executive Order 11566 ordered the establishment of the Consumer Information Center (CIC).
    (WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A18)(www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=59087)
1970        Oct 26, Congress passed Public Law 91-508, the US Bank Secrecy Act, which required that banks maintain records of wire transfers of more than $3000 and report cash transactions of more than $10,000.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A2)(www.irs.gov/irm/part4/ch24s05.html)
1970        Oct 26, Gary Trudeau's comic strip “Doonesbury" first appeared. The SF Chronicle began to carry the “Doonesbury" cartoon of Garry Trudeau under editor George Stanleigh Arnold (d.1997 at 78).
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A26)(HN, 10/26/00)

1972        Oct 26, The Washington Post first disclosed that Attorney General of the United States, John Mitchell, personally controlled a secret fund to finance intelligence operations against Democrats during the Nixon administration. The money financed spying and sabotaging Democratic primary campaigns in 1972 and included activity such as forgery of correspondence, release of false leaks to the press and seizure of confidential campaign files.
    (www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a102672macgregorfund)
1972        Oct 26, National security adviser Henry Kissinger declared, "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/26/97)
1972        Oct 26, Igor Sikorsky (b.1889), Ukraine-born helicopter pioneer, died in Connecticut.
    (HNPD, 10/27/98)(ON, 3/06, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igor_Sikorsky)
1972        Oct 26, Major Mathieu Kerekou (b.1933) took power in Dahomey (later Benin) in a coup and proclaimed it a Marxist-Leninist state.
    (www.answers.com/topic/ahmed-mathieu-kerekou)

1973        Oct 26, President Nixon released the 1st White House tapes on Watergate scandal.
    (http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/byform/mailing-lists/exlibris/2000/10/msg00210.html)
1973        Oct 26, Organized fighting on all fronts of the Yom Kippur ended. Of Israel’s roughly 2,120 tanks, about 840 were destroyed over the 20 days of the war.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yom_Kippur_War)(Econ, 6/4/11, TQ p.19)

1974        Oct 26, Mathieu Kerekou (b.1933) seized power in Dahomey (later Benin) and ruled until 1991. He was elected president in 1996 and served until 2006.
    (WSJ, 3/20/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathieu_K%C3%A9r%C3%A9kou)

1975        Oct 26, Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to pay an official visit to the United States.
    (AP, 10/26/97)

1977        Oct 26, The experimental space shuttle Enterprise glided to a bumpy but successful landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
    (AP, 10/26/97)
1977        Oct 26, James Castle (b.1899), Idaho-born self-taught deaf artist, died in Boise.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Charles_Castle)(SFC, 2/27/10, p.E3)

1978        Oct 26, Pres. Carter signed the Ethics in Government Act. It provided for the appointment of independent counsels. The Supreme Court upheld the law in 1987.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=30049)(AP, 8/31/97)(SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.6)
1978        Oct 26, In Somalia the 17 leaders of the April coup were executed.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1979        Oct 26, St. Vincent and the Grenadines gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1979        Oct 26, South Korean President Park Chung-hee was shot to death by the head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency, Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-hah (1918-2006) became acting president after the assassination of President Park Chung-hee. The void created by Park's death was filled by Maj. Gen. Chun Doo-hwan, a Park protege and commander of the powerful Defense Security Command. Chun staged an internal coup to take control of the military, then persuaded the new president, Choi Kyuh-hah, to impose martial law and name Chun chief of the KCIA. Choi was forced to resign 8 months later following a military coup.
    (AP, 10/26/97)(www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2000/korea/story/kwangju/)

1984        Oct 26, "Baby Fae," a newborn with a severe heart defect, was given the heart of a baboon in an experimental transplant in Loma Linda, Calif. Baby Fae lived 21 days with the animal heart.
    (AP, 10/26/99)

1987        Oct 26, The DJIA dropped 8%. In Miami, an investor who had suffered heavy stock market losses shot and killed a brokerage manager and wounded his personal broker, then turned the gun on himself.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.B2) (AP, 10/26/97)
1987        Oct 26, Herbert Anaya Sanabria, the head of Salvadoran Human Rights Commission, was assassinated by death squads.
    (www.cidh.org/annualrep/87.88eng/chap4a.htm)

1988        Oct 26, US-Soviet effort freed 2 gray whales from frozen Arctic near Barrow, Alaska [see Oct 16].
    (www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1988/102688j.htm)
1988        Oct 26, A French pharmaceutical company, Roussel Uclaf, announced it would halt worldwide distribution of RU-486, a pill to induce abortions, because of "an outcry of opinion at home and abroad." The French government ordered the company to reverse itself two days later.
    (AP, 10/26/98)

1989        Oct 26, Washington, D.C. attorney Paul Tagliabue was tapped by NFL team owners to be the league's new commissioner, succeeding Pete Rozelle.
    (AP, 10/26/99)

1990        Oct 26, Wayne Gretzky became the first National Hockey League player to reach 2,000 points.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1990        Oct 26, The US State Department issued a warning that terrorists could be planning an attack on a passenger ship or aircraft.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1990        Oct 26, William S. Paley, the founder of CBS Incorporated, died in New York at age 89.
    (AP, 10/26/00)

1991        Oct 26, Former Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry arrived at a federal correctional institution in Petersburg, Va., to begin serving a six-month sentence for cocaine possession.
    (AP, 10/26/01)

1992        Oct 26, Pres. Bush signed an act requiring the release of nearly all government files concerning the assassination of President Kennedy.
    (http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/nov22.html)
1992        Oct 26, Robert C. Stempel resigned as chairman and chief executive officer of General Motors Corp.
    (AP, 10/26/97)
1992        Oct 26, Voters in Canada rejected a constitutional reform package known as the Charlottetown Accord.
    (AP, 10/26/97)

1993        Oct 26, National Football League owners selected Carolina as the 29th NFL franchise.
     (www.panthers.com/team/history.jsp)
1993        Oct 26, Deborah Gore Dean, a central figure in the Reagan-era HUD scandal, was convicted of 12 felony counts of defrauding the government, taking a payoff and lying to Congress. Dean was later sentenced to three concurrent 21-month prison sentences; however, five of her convictions were later overturned, and Dean has requested a new trial.
    (AP, 10/26/98)
1993        Oct 26, Harold Rome (b.1908), Broadway composer, lyricist, died. His musicals included Fanny (1954), Destry Rides Again (1959), and I Can Get It For You Wholesale (1962).
    (www.songwritershalloffame.org/exhibit_home_page.asp?exhibitId=238)   
1993        Oct 26, In Egypt gunfire at a hotel killed 2 Americans, 1 Frenchman and injured 3 others in Cairo.
    (SFC, 11/19/97, p.C2)

1994        Oct 26, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A4)(SFC, 6/15/96, p.A7)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(AP, 10/26/97)

1995        Oct 26, The US House passed, 227-to-203, a Republican balanced-budget bill that would shrink the federal government, cut taxes and return power to the states.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1995        Oct 26, The Cleveland Indians won their second game of the World Series by defeating the Atlanta Braves, 5-to-4, in game five.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1995        Oct 26, In California Deborah Sammons (40) was raped and murdered by Robert Bacon. He had been hired to murder Deborah by her husband Charles Sammons, who later pleaded guilty to non-capital murder and was sentenced to 25 years in prison. In 2010 the California state Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for Bacon.
    (SFC, 10/22/10, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/23r33e5)
1995        Oct 26, Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shakaki was shot to death on the Mediterranean island of Malta in a killing his supporters blamed on Israel.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.17A)(AP, 10/26/05)

1996        Oct 26, In the US baseball World Series the NY Yankees won their first World Series since 1978, defeating the Atlanta Braves 3-2 in game six.
    (WSJ, 10/28/96, p.A1) (AP, 10/26/97)
1996        Oct 26, Federal prosecutors cleared Richard Jewell as a suspect in the Olympic park bombing, ending a three-month ordeal for the former security guard.
    (AP, 10/26/97)

1997        Oct 26, The Florida Marlins became the youngest franchise to win the World Series with a 3-2 victory in the eleventh inning over the Cleveland Indians in the seventh and final game.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.E1)(AP, 10/26/98)
1997        Oct 26, It was reported that some 50 Southern California doctors and about a dozen laser surgery centers were under investigation for insurance fraud for serving mostly Southeast Asian and Latino women seeking beauty makeovers under false claims.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.D5)
1997        Oct 26, It was reported that hundreds of shorebirds washed up dead along the 25-mile stretch of Monterey Bay beaches. A non-toxic refined-sardine oil had been spilled into the bay and stuck the birds’ feathers together. The source of the oil was not yet determined. The substance was later thought to be a hydrogenated vegetable oil.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.D2)(SFC, 10/29/97, p.A24)
1997        Oct 26, In congressional elections in Argentina the opposition coalition led the Peronists 46% to 36%. The opposition Alliance, led by Fernandez Maijide, was composed of the centrist Civic Radical Union and the left-leaning Frepaso coalition.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.A8)(SFC, 10/28/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 26, In China the third Shanghai International Film Festival opened. 350 films from 40 countries were to be shown over 10 days.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.D3)
1997        Oct 26, Chinese leader Jiang Zemin arrived in Honolulu en route to a White House summit with President Clinton.
    (AP, 10/26/98)
1997        Oct 26, China began blocking the Yellow River for the $4.17 billion Xiaolangdi Dam project.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 26, In Colombia municipal elections were scheduled. Leftist guerrilla had forced nearly 2,000 candidates to withdraw from the elections. Rebels enforced an election boycott in about 40% of the country, but affected only a small portion of the population.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.)(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/27/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 26, In Egypt Pres. Mubarek opened the new Peace Canal to carry Nile water to the Sinai Peninsula. The irrigation of 620,000 acres of desert was planned to support 1.5 million residents.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.A9)(WSJ, 8/22/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 26, From Indonesia it was reported that 120 orangutans on Borneo were killed or tortured by villagers after they were forced out of their habitats by wildfires. The island was home to some 20,000 orangutans.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 26, In Italy the Northern League party of Umberto Bossi held a symbolic election to choose a “parliament" for independent Padania.
    (SFC, 10/27/97, p.A9)

1998        Oct 26, The Education Department reported that the default rate on student loans had fallen into single digits for the first time.
    (AP, 10/26/99)
1998        Oct 26, Nutrient pollution known as eutrophication, the overabundance of nitrogen and phosphorus, was noted on the Chesapeake Bay and estuaries around the world. A 7,000 sq. mile dead zone was reported to spread every summer across the Gulf of Mexico from the mouth of the Mississippi. In 2007 Louisiana crabbers complained of buckets of dead crabs and the condition in the Gulf of Mexico was expected to get worse due to rising demand for ethanol and increased corn production in Corn Belt states, which called for more nitrogen use.
    (SFC, 10/25/98, p.A3)(SFC, 12/20/07, p.A26)
1998        Oct 26, Hurricane Mitch turned category 5 with 180-mph winds and threatened the coast of Honduras.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 26, In Afghanistan the Taliban ordered an investigation of Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B2)
1998        Oct 26, In Croatia a jury reversed itself after 2 weeks and crowned a new Miss Croatia, a member of the Catholic majority. Lejla Sehovic, the original winner, was a Muslim.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B5)
1998        Oct 26, Cyprus announced that it had begun building a naval base, apparently destined for use by Greek warships.
    (WSJ, 10/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 26, Ecuador and Peru signed a peace treaty in Brazil and settled their land dispute. The agreement defined a 49-mile border left undrawn in a 1942 treaty.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B5)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)
1998        Oct 26, A UN panel reported that the Iraqi government lied to UN weapons inspectors about its nerve gas arsenal and had loaded the VX nerve agent on at least 2 warheads during the Persian Gulf War.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)
1998        Oct 26, In Israel 2 Palestinian gunmen killed Danny Vargas (28) in Hebron. In retaliation a 69-year-old Palestinian man was killed outside the Jewish settlement of Itamar.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 26, Russian President Boris Yeltsin was ordered by his doctors to cancel a one-day trip to Austria so he could recuperate from high blood pressure and extreme fatigue.
    (AP, 10/26/99)
1998        Oct 26, In Kosovo Serb forces appeared to be withdrawing under the threat of NATO air strikes.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)

1999        Oct 26, The New York Yankees beat the Atlanta Braves, 6-to-5, to take a three-games-to-none lead in the World Series.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1999        Oct 26, The US CIA agreed to give Germany copies of some 32,000 files that belonged to the Stasi, the former East German intelligence service. The CIA acquired the files in 1989.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 26, The WSJ replaced Chevron, Good Year, Union Carbide and Sears with Intel, Microsoft, Home Depot and SBC Communications in the Dow Jones Index effective Nov 1.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 26, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a study which said the number of Americans considered obese soared from about one in eight in 1991 to nearly one in five in 1998.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1999        Oct 26, Stanford Univ. announced that James H. Clark, co-founder of Netscape, had donated $150 million for biomedical engineering research.
    (WSJ, 10/27/99, p.B4)
1999        Oct 26, In Britain the upper house of Parliament agreed to abolish the right of over 700 hereditary peers to sit and vote in the House of Lords.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 26, In China police arrested Falun Gong protestors in Tiananmen Square during a 2nd day of protests by the spiritual group.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 26, In the Netherlands the Parliament overturned a 1912 ban on brothels.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)

2000        Oct 26, The New York Yankees became the first team in more than a quarter century to win three straight World Series championships, beating the New York Mets 4-to-2 in game five of their “Subway Series." The Yankees matched the Oakland Athletics' three in a row from 1972-74, and won their fourth title in five years.
    (AP, 10/26/01)
2000        Oct 26, The US FDA planned to ban 2 fluoroquinolone antibiotics used by poultry farmers due to fears that humans might become infected with germs that resist treatment.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 26, UN sponsored scientists reported that pollution had contributed substantially to global warming.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 26, In China at least 100 Falun Gong sect members were dragged from Tiananmen Square following a protest one the year anniversary of a government ban of the cult.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A21)
2000        Oct 26, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at an Israeli army outpost. 129 people, mostly Palestinians, were reported killed in over four weeks of fighting.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A20)
2000        Oct 26, In the Ivory Coast dozens of people were reported killed as supporters of Alassane Ouattara called for new elections.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A21)
2000        Oct 26, Diamonds from Sierra Leone arrived in Antwerp under a new UN plan to keep diamond revenues from financing civil war.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 26, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez greeted Fidel Castro and they planned an accord for oil shipments to Cuba in exchange for bartered products and services.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.D2)

2001        Oct 26, Pres. Bush signed a sweeping anti-terrorism bill into law. It gave police and intelligence agencies vast new powers to fight terrorism. The USA Patriot Act included Section 215 that gave the FBI authority to obtain library and bookstore records without evidence of wrongdoing. It allowed the government to detain aliens without public acknowledgement. Section 311 gave the Treasury sweeping powers to act against those who facilitate financial crime.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A3,6)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A5)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.67)
2001        Oct 26, Anthrax was found in the offices of 3 lawmakers in the Longworth House Office building on Capital Hill. The Supreme Court was shut down to test for anthrax spores.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 26, American Red Cross President Bernadine Healy announced her resignation.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2001        Oct 26, Lockheed Martin won a $200 million military contract, the biggest in US history, for a new fleet of fighter jets for the US and British forces.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 26, US warplanes hit Red Cross warehouses in Kabul a 2nd time by accident. Afghan officials said 3 children were killed in overnight raids. A human rights group said that as many as 35 civilians were killed in Chowkar-Karez, near Kandahar from US air strikes. The Taliban captured and executed Abdul Haq, a prominent opposition leader, who was attempting to arrange defections.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/4/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 26, In Colombia US ambassador Anne Patterson said the US would provide counter-terrorist aid: “Colombia has 10% of the terrorist groups in the world."
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 26, Israel agreed to pull back from Bethlehem and Beit Jalla as a test of Palestinian guarantees of security.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 26, North Korea said it was no longer interested in dialogue with the US due to Pres. Bush’s recent description of North Korea as “so suspicious and secretive."
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A9)
2001        Oct 26, In Pakistan some 40,000 marched in Karachi to protest US air strikes. Another 10,000 protested in Quetta.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A3)

2002        Oct 26, President Bush launched urgent diplomatic talks to unite Japan, South Korea and other allies behind a strategy to deal with a nuclear-armed North Korea. He also sought support for possible war with Iraq as Pacific Rim leaders stung by terrorism gathered for their annual summit.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, Tens of thousands of anti-war protesters circled the White House after Jesse Jackson and other speakers denounced the Bush administration's Iraq policies.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2002        Oct 26, In eastern Oklahoma Daniel H. Fears, a teenager apparently angered by a neighbor, went on a shooting spree that left two people dead and at least seven injured.
    (AP, 10/27/02)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 26, Five civilians were killed by Colombian rebels near Bogota.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 26, In the Czech Republic the race for a third of the seats in the Czech Parliament's upper chamber had a record low turnout of 24 percent.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, In Kosovo voters in 30 municipalities elected 920 local councilors for U.N.-supervised assemblies that are slated to assume increased authority over the coming years.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, Pacific Rim prime ministers and presidents united to tackle the most urgent of missions, preventing the melting borders of a connected world from enabling terrorists to undermine the push toward prosperity.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 26, Russian special forces, using gas to knock out Chechen guerrillas, stormed a Moscow theater in a dawn raid that left dozens of hostages dead along with most of their rebel captors. Russian special forces killed 41 rebels, including leader Movsar Barayev, and freed more about 600 captives in the third day of a hostage drama. 129 captives were killed. All the dead hostages except for 1 were killed by the gas later suspected to be the anesthetic carfentanyl possibly mixed with halothane.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/02, p.A7)(AP, 10/26/03)
2002        Oct 26, In southeastern Turkey 3 teenagers were killed after they accidentally set off a mortar shell, where Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels battled for years.
    (AP, 10/26/02)

2003        Oct 26, Spencer Tunick photographed 450 women posing in New York's Grand Central Terminal as part of a human art installation.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, Flames stoked by powerful winds raced through parts of Southern California, torching more than 208,000 acres, destroying 500 homes and causing at least 11 deaths. A major radar facility was forced to close and many flights in the area were cancelled.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 26, It was reported that Cambodian prostitutes were being subjected to gang rapes, and that the practice, called "bauk," has been common for years.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A11)
2003        Oct 26, Canadian Rob Krueger defeated 320 competitors who played at the World Rock, Paper, Scissors Championships at a downtown Toronto nightclub. He netted $3,825.
    (Reuters, 10/27/03)
2003        Oct 26, Colombians elected state and municipal leaders despite the bloody campaign period in which dozens of candidates were killed. Bogota residents elected Eduardo Garzon, a former Communist union leader, as their mayor in municipal elections. The victory was seen as a further headache for hardline Pres. Alvaro Uribe, coming a day after he suffered a defeat in a sweeping referendum.
     (AP, 10/27/03)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.35)
2003        Oct 26, In Guatemala 4 journalists from the Prensa Libre newspaper were seized by ex-paramilitary members and apparently were being held to press the group's demand that the government pay them wages for their service in the 1980s.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, In western Haiti anti-government protesters loyal to a slain gang leader attacked a police station. Gunfire killed a girl on her bicycle and wounded the police chief and 2 officers.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, Iraqi insurgents attacked the heavily guarded al Rashid hotel with a missile barrage that killed an American colonel, wounded 18 other people. The 462-room hotel, housing civilian officials of the US-led Coalition Provisional Authority and US military personnel, is seen as symbol of the occupation.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 26, In South Korea a race car crashed into the audience, killing three people and injuring six.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, In the largest demolition of Palestinian Authority buildings in Gaza in 3 years, the Israeli army blew up 3 apartment towers in retaliation for a deadly settlement attack.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 26, In Spain conservatives regained control of Madrid's regional legislature in an election giving PM Aznar's party momentum going into next year's general elections.
    (AP, 10/27/03)

2004        Oct 26, The Boston Red Sox won game three of the World Series in St. Louis, defeating the Cardinals 4-1.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2004        Oct 26, The Federal Communications Commission gave its approval to Cingular Wireless LLC's $41 billion acquisition of AT&T Wireless Services Inc., completing the federal regulatory blessing necessary for creation of the country's largest cell phone company.
    (AP, 10/26/04)
2004        Oct 26, The SEC voted to require hedge funds with over $25 million to register with the agency, providing access to auditors in an effort to reduce fraud.
    (USAT, 10/27/04, p.1B)
2004        Oct 26, In the SF Bay Area Prisheen Krishna (36) was killed outside his Brentwood home a day before he was to testify against a customer for refusing to pay a bill. In 2015 larry Fuller Jr. was arrested and charged with the murder.
    (SFC, 1/30/15, p.D5)
2004        Oct 26, Low cost No. 10 airline ATA filed for bankruptcy.
    (USAT, 10/27/04, p.1B)
2004        Oct 26, Spacecraft Cassini flew within 745 miles of Titan providing scientists with new images of the Saturn largest moon.
    (SFC, 10/27/04, p.A4)
2004        Oct 26, The final vote count in the Afghan presidential election gave a sounding victory to interim leader Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2004        Oct 26, In Haiti residents of Port-au-Prince said 13 people were executed by police.
    (AP, 10/29/04)
2004        Oct 26, A US airstrike in Fallujah killed an aide to Jordanian terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. An Iraqi insurgent group, meanwhile, said on a Web site it had taken 11 Iraqi National Guard soldiers hostage.
    (AP, 10/26/04)
2004        Oct 26, India’s central bank announced it was raising its overnight repo rate for the first time in more than four years, citing concerns about a sharp rise in inflation in Asia's fourth-largest economy. The rate went up .25% to 4.75%.
    (AP, 10/26/04)(WSJ, 10/27/04, p.A15)
2004        Oct 26, Israel's parliament approved Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's plan for withdrawing from the Gaza Strip and parts of the West Bank.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2004        Oct 26, In Nigeria a 2nd day of peace talks on the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region broke off after rebels called for more time to prepare proposals for a long-term political resolution to the conflict.
    (AP, 10/26/04)

2005        Oct 26, The Chicago White Sox beat the Houston Astros 1-0 to win their first World Series title since 1917.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2005        Oct 26, The US accepted a Japanese proposal for the relocation of a US air station on Okinawa, resolving a dispute that had blocked progress on military realignment talks and caused friction between the two allies.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In Florida the death toll from Hurricane Wilma rose to 10. Officials estimated agriculture damage at $1 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 26, Emil Kyulev (49) owner of Bulgaria's largest insurance and banking group, DZI-Rosexim, was shot dead in the street in Sofia in the latest in a series of killings to jolt the country, which has been told to crack down on organized crime if it wants to join the EU.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.50)
2005        Oct 26, Former Vice President Rong Yiren (89), a textile magnate who joined with China's communists and helped launch Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms, earning the nickname "Red Capitalist," died in Beijing.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.94)
2005        Oct 26-2005 Oct 27, Intense fighting between rebels and paramilitary groups for control of the cocaine trade in the jungles of western Colombia left at least 20 outlawed fighters dead.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 26, A group of woman who have held a weekly march the last two years to protest the Cuban government's jailing of their activist husbands were gratified to learn they will share the EU's top human rights prize, something they hope will draw attention to their cause.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In Ecuador Jose Cabrera, a 71-year-old provincial notary, died in a luxury hotel room and left behind a teenage girlfriend, who later said he'd been on cocaine and Viagra, and a crumbling $800 million pyramid scheme that soon blossomed into a nationwide scandal.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, The EU said the dangerous H5N1 strain of bird flu has been found in Croatia. Authorities said a 2nd parrot that died in quarantine in Britain was also infected with the virus.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, A court in Duesseldorf convicted 4 Arab men of plotting to attack Jewish targets in Germany and found 3 of them guilty of being members of a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Iran’s Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad declared that Israel was a "disgraceful blot" and should be "wiped off the map." He also said a new wave of Palestinian attacks will destroy the Jewish state.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(AP, 10/26/06)
2005        Oct 26, In Iraq 3 mostly Sunni Arab political parties announced that they have formed a coalition to run in Iraq's parliamentary election in December.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In Iraq 3 American soldiers died in separate attacks.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, Toyota Motor Corp. said that its joint venture with China's biggest automaker plans to build a 3rd plant in China with annual production capacity of 200,000 passenger cars.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, A Palestinian suicide bomber struck a food stand in the Israeli town of Hadera, killing 5 people, wounding at least 30 and leaving a path of destruction at an open air market.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Philippine troops captured 7 suspected Muslim militants, including the leader of a group of Islamic converts linked to the kidnappings of foreigners and an alleged plot to bomb.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In the Philippines a tunnel in a gold mine on Mindanao collapsed after a blast and about 50 people were feared dead.
    (Reuters, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, Russia’s Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin warned that a strengthening ruble and high inflation threatened to undermine the competitiveness of Russia's economy as the nation seeks to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, Serbian police detained nine people on suspicion of taking part in a 1999 massacre of dozens of ethnic Albanians in southwestern Kosovo.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, A Swiss court found Vitaly Kaloyev, a Russian architect, guilty of premeditated homicide for the Feb 2004 killing of the air traffic controller on duty at the time of the Jul 1, 2002, midair plane collision in which his wife and child were lost. Kaloyev was released in 2007.
    (AP, 10/26/05)(AP, 7/1/12)
2005        Oct 26, Suspected Muslim insurgents raided 60 targets in southern Thailand, stealing 90 weapons and causing at least seven deaths.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 26, The Mormon Church, citing difficulties with the government of President Hugo Chavez in renewing visas or obtaining new ones, said it is pulling its foreign missionaries out of Venezuela and reassigning them to other countries.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2006        Oct 26, President Bush signed a bill authorizing 700 miles of new fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border, hoping to give Republican candidates a pre-election platform for asserting they're tough on illegal immigration.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, An arson fire near Palm Springs, Ca., killed 4 US Forest Service firefighters as they attempted to protect a home close to where the fire began in Cabazon. The fire raced across almost 38 square miles as more than 1,100 firefighters worked to protect homes and build fire lines. A 5th firefighter of Engine 57 died Oct 31. Raymond Lee Oyler (36) was arrested on Oct 31 for setting the Esperanza Fire. It was later reported that he set the fire as a diversion to free his family’s impounded pit bull. On March 6, 2009, Oyler was convicted of 5 counts of first degree murder. On June 5, 2009, Oyler was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(SFC, 11/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 3/16/07, p.B7)(SFC, 3/7/09, p.A5)(AP, 6/6/09)
2006        Oct 26, A big snowstorm in Colorado dumped 20 inches cutting power to thousands.
    (WSJ, 10/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 26, In SF the first Amateur Erotic Film Competition opened at the Castro Theater.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 26, The charity organization Oxfam accused coffee house chain Starbucks of blocking attempts by Ethiopia to trademark three coffee bean types and thereby denying farmers substantial income.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Exxon Mobil Corp. said earnings rose 6% to $10.5 billion, the second-largest quarterly operating profit ever by a US company.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Researchers reported the identification of the western honeybee genome. They identified 10,157 genes in the DNA project that began in 2003. The number was fewer than what was found in the fruit fly, mosquito or silk worm.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A9)
2006        Oct 26, On Hoxie, Kansas, Sheridan County sheriff James Johnson (54) was shot and killed as he interviewed Steven Paul Reitcheck (36) about possible commitment to a mental health facility. A deputy then shot and killed Reitcheck.
    (SFC, 10/27/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 26, In Bangladesh the Liberal Democratic Party was launched, headed by former president Badruddoza Chowdhury and Oli Ahmed, a former minister with the ruling Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). 13 lawmakers including two ministers defected from the government to launch the new party to challenge almost two decades of rule by the country's two main parties in January 2007 elections.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Belarusian opposition leader Alexander Milinkevich was awarded the Sakharov Prize by the EU Parliament for his fight for democracy in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, An American sex offender who was sentenced by a US judge to three years "exile" in Canada was arrested by Canadian border guards and faces deportation. A New York state judge allowed former teacher Malcolm Watson, convicted of having sex with a 15-year-old girl, to live in Canada on probation rather than spending time in a US jail.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, A foreign monitoring group said as many as 10,000 college students fought with Chinese police in four days of protests over their academic status, damaging cars and buildings and leaving at least 20 people injured. An overturned truck spilled 33 tons of toxic oil into a river in northern Shanxi province. The spill flowed into the Yangjiapo reservoir, contaminating 70 million cubic feet of water. Water supplies to 28,000 people were cut following the spill.
    (AP, 10/26/06)(AP, 11/1/06)
2006        Oct 26, China’s state controlled Citic Group said it has reached an agreement to buy an oil field in Kazakhstan from Canada’s nations Energy for $1.9 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/27/06, p.A10)
2006        Oct 26, The Colombian government and the country's second-largest rebel group (ELN) agreed in Havana, Cuba, to launch a formal peace process.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Croatian lawmaker Branimir Glavas, suspected of ordering the torture and killing of Serb civilians in 1991 during the Serbo-Croat war, was detained on war crimes charges after a parliament commission lifted his parliamentary immunity.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In East Timor witnesses and residents said 2 men were shot to death in overnight gang battles in Dili.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Europe's six largest countries agreed on ways to pre-empt terrorist attacks through sharing intelligence about threats and driving extremists from the Internet. The six states also signaled increased cooperation in stopping criminal gangs from defrauding the EU of billions of euros a year in tax revenue, amid fears terrorists might be involved.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In France youths forced passengers off three buses and set the vehicles on fire overnight in suburban Paris, raising tensions ahead of the first anniversary of the riots that engulfed France's rundown, heavily immigrant neighborhoods.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, A Georgian man was killed and another was wounded when they stepped on a mine in a volatile area near the breakaway province of South Ossetia.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In India men who beat, threaten or yell at their wives or live-in girlfriends could be jailed and fined under a law that took effect. It specifically targeted the often-tolerated problem of domestic violence.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In Iraq fighting between Sunni insurgents and Iraqi police near Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, killed one civilian and 24 police. US troops later joined the fight, aiding in a counterattack in which 18 insurgents died. 4 people were killed and 5 wounded near Baqouba when gunmen fired on a van carrying Shiites returning from the funeral of a relative in Najaf. 4 US Marines and a sailor died of wounds suffered while fighting in the same Sunni insurgent stronghold. The US military said 96 US troops have died so far in October, the most in one month since October 2005, when the same number was killed.
    (AP, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 26, Israeli forces shot and killed two Palestinians in exchanges of gunfire in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, The Slow Food movement, founded in 1989, sponsored Terra Madre in Turin, Italy. The 5-day event brought together representatives of food communities that produced good, clean and fair food in a responsible and sustainable way.
    (www.terramadre2006.org/terramadre/welcome_eng.lasso)
2006        Oct 26, Teachers in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca voted to end a five-month-old strike, allowing 1.3 million children to return to classes and potentially taking the sting out of anti-government protests besieging this historic city.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Nicaragua's Congress voted to ban all abortions, including those that could save a mother's life.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, In Peru's southern Andes at least 20 people were killed and 12 others were injured when a passenger bus crashed down an embankment.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Russia rejected a draft UN resolution put forward by European powers targeting Iran's nuclear program, saying the proposed measures did not advance objectives agreed on earlier by major world powers.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, South Korea said it will ban the entry of North Korean officials who fall under a UN travel restriction.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Spanish police arrested Orlando Sabogal Zuluaga (40), a leading member of one of Colombia's most feared drug-trafficking cartels, in a shopping center on the outskirts of Madrid.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 26, Sri Lanka's warring parties arrived in Geneva for their first face-to-face meeting in eight months as the EU racked up international pressure for a halt to ethnic bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, Mo Ibrahim, a self-made Sudanese millionaire, offered African politicians an annual prize worth $5 million if they avoid being seduced by power and corruption. The prize would be presented to former leaders who had demonstrated excellence in government. Ibrahim founded Celtel International, an African cell phone network. He sold Celtel for $3.3 billion in 2005.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 26, Thailand's military-installed PM Surayud Chulanont visited Vietnam for the last of a series of trips aimed at reassuring Bangkok's neighbors after last month's coup.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)

2007        Oct 26, A federal jury in Kansas City, Mo., decided that Lisa Montgomery, convicted of killing expectant mother Bobbie Jo Stinnett and cutting the baby from her womb, should receive the death penalty.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2007        Oct 26, Georgia's Supreme Court ordered the release of a young man who has been imprisoned for more than two years for having consensual oral sex with another teenager. The court ruled 4-3 that Genarlow Wilson's 10-year sentence was cruel and unusual punishment.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, Thousands of southern Californians returned to their neighborhoods as wildfires charred some 800 square miles. At least 7 people had died in the fires including 4 in a migrant camp. 7 other deaths were reported from various causes following evacuation.
    (SFC, 10/27/07, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/27/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 26,     Astronauts added the 24-foot long, Italian-built Harmony compartment to the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 10/27/07, p.A3)
2007        Oct 26, Friedman Paul Erhardt (63), television's "Chef Tell," died in Upper Black Eddy, Pa.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2007        Oct 26,     Arthur Kornberg (b.1918), genetics pioneer and Nobel Prize winner (1959), died at Stanford Hospital in California. His books included “For the Love of Enzymes: The Odyssey of a Biochemist."
    (SFC, 10/27/07, p.A2)
2007        Oct 26, In Afghanistan an airstrike on a group of Taliban fighters left 18 militants dead in the mountainous area of Daychopan district, in Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, Shares in Bovespa, the stock exchange of Sao Paulo, Brazil, began trading. The IPO opened at $12.77 and closed at $17.77.
    (Econ, 10/27/07, p.88)(http://tinyurl.com/34oyeb)
2007        Oct 26, A British soldier was convicted at a court martial of his part in a plot to smuggle guns out of Iraq and sell them to colleagues at his unit's base in Germany. Lance Corporal Anthony Creswick was involved in selling illegal pistols bought on the black market in Basra.
    (AFP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26,     A Chilean appeals court dropped corruption charges against former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet's widow and four of his children, who had been accused of misuse of state funds related to multimillion-dollar overseas bank accounts.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26,     China announced a multibillion-dollar plan to clean up severely polluted Lake Tai, where an algae bloom forced the suspension of water supplies to millions of people this summer. The $14.5 billion plan to clean up the lake, in a densely populated area northwest of Shanghai, should take five years.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 26, In Congo heavy rains swelled into a torrent of water that swamped Kinshasa, killing 30 people in less than 24 hours.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 26,     The head of the Cuban national ballet implored American artists, writers and intellectuals to denounce Washington's 45-year-old embargo against the communist-run island, saying that cultural exchanges between both countries should not be considered crimes.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, A high-level Iraqi delegation held talks with Turkish officials to try to defuse tensions over Kurdish rebels based in northern Iraq. Turkish helicopters and fighter jets pounded Kurdish rebel positions as diplomatic efforts began in Ankara.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(Reuters, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, A suicide bomber blew himself up near the headquarters of a nationalistic Sunni insurgent group that has turned against al-Qaida in Iraq, killing a woman on her way to the market and wounding four other people. A bomb exploded near a village south of Buhriz, about 35 miles north of Baghdad, killing a farmer and wounding two others. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol in the Daghara area, about 12 miles north of the mainly Shiite city of Diwaniyah, killing two officers and wounding three others. A battle between al Qaeda in Iraq and a major Sunni Arab insurgent group killed at least 16 militants near the ancient city of Samarra.
    (AP, 10/26/07)    (Reuters, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 26, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas began talks in Jerusalem as part of efforts to work out a joint statement ahead of a US-sponsored Mideast peace conference this fall.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, An official said Japan hopes to thwart potential terrorists from entering the country by fingerprinting and photographing all foreigners aged 16 or over on entry starting next month.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, The Mozambican government set itself a new five-year target to remove all the landmines that still litter the country, 15 years after its long-running civil war.
    (AFP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, In Myanmar one-time drug warlord Khun Sa (b.1933), variously described as among the world's most wanted men and as a great Shan liberation fighter, died.
    (AP, 10/30/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.106)
2007        Oct 26, In south Nigeria armed militants attacked an offshore oil platform operated by Italy's ENI and seized seven foreign workers and one Nigerian. The 6 foreign workers were released on Oct 30.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 26, In northwestern Pakistan paramilitary troops battled supporters of radical cleric Maulana Fazlullah, killing at least one in a fierce fight with heavy weapons. Militants seized and beheaded 7 civilians and 6 security officers after government troops launched an assault on the radical cleric's hideout. The clashes at the hideout of Fazlullah in the village of Imamdheri also left three rebels and two civilians dead.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(AFP, 10/27/07)

2008        Oct 26, At the University of Central Arkansas in Conway a shooting left two students dead and a third person wounded. On Oct 28 4 men were charged with capital murder and other felonies for the shootings in Conway.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(SFC, 10/29/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 26, In Massachusetts Christopher Bizilj died after accidentally shooting himself in the head with an Uzi submachine gun. In 2011 gun fair organizer Edward Fleury was cleared of charges of furnishing machine guns to minors during the gun fair in Westfield.
    (www.mahalo.com/christopher-bizilj)(SFC, 1/15/11, p.A4)
2008        Oct 26, John Campbell (1941), Australia-born mayor of Fortuna, Ca., and former head of Pacific Lumber (PALCO), died.
    (SFC, 10/27/08, p.B3)
2008        Oct 26, Tony Hillerman (b.1925), author of the acclaimed Navajo Tribal Police mystery novels and creator of two of the unlikeliest of literary heroes — Navajo police officers Joe Leaphorn and Jim Chee — died of pulmonary failure.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 26, Gabriel Lerner (27) was kidnapped and killed after he offered 2 men a ride in St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands. Lerner was from the Milwaukee area and worked as a clerk for a Superior Court judge on the island. On March 4, 2011, Auriel Frett (24) was convicted of first degree murder for the slaying. Jurors deliberated less than three hours before reaching the verdict. The co-defendant, who was 17 at the time of the murder, pleaded guilty last year. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 3/5/11)(http://tinyurl.com/4b8c97y)
2008        Oct 26, Brazil held nationwide municipal elections. The ruling party was expected to dominate. Brazil's ruling party lost its chance to retake control of Sao Paulo, South America's biggest city. Fernando Gabeira, an ex-guerrilla who once kidnapped a US ambassador (1969), failed in his bid to become mayor of Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, In Chile municipal elections were held and Alliance, the center-right opposition, won 41% of the vote for mayors, 2 point more than the governing center-left Concertacion coalition. This was the first-ever nationwide defeat of Concertacion, which has ruled since 1990.
    (Econ, 11/1/08, p.47)
2008        Oct 26, China’s state media said the World Bank and France have agreed to lend China more than $900 million to rebuild areas devastated by a massive earthquake earlier this year.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, In Colombia former congressman Oscar Tulio Lizcano (62) walked to freedom in a western along with the young guerrilla commander, who had been his jailer, after eight years of captivity in the hands of leftist Colombian rebels.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, Rebels seized an east Congo army base and the headquarters of a refuge housing some of the world's last mountain gorillas, in heavy fighting that sent thousands of civilians fleeing. An unknown number of soldiers, rebels and civilians were killed in the renewed fighting in North Kivu province.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, An Egyptian news agency that transmitted footage of protesters tearing down a portrait of the president was fined $27,000 for operating unlicensed equipment, and its owner said he was targeted as a warning to other media. A judge upheld a complaint by the government against Nader Gohar, head of the Cairo News Company. The complaint came shortly after CNC broadcast footage from Al-Jazeera English in April showing the anti-government protesters.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, Hungary reached agreement with the IMF and the EU on a broad economic rescue package, including substantial financing, steadying its battered currency. The deal was expected to be finalized over the next few days.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 26, Government troops in Indian Kashmir opened fire on hundreds of angry protesters demanding the release of several people arrested during a recent strike, killing one and wounding at least three others.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, A top Revolutionary Guards commander said Iran is supplying weapons to "liberation armies" in the Middle East, offering the first official confirmation the country provides weapons to armed groups in the region.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 26, Prime Minister-designate Tzipi Livni abandoned efforts to form a government Sunday, putting Israel on course for new elections and endangering already fragile Middle East peace talks.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, Kuwait's Central Bank stepped to prop up one of the country's biggest banks and said it was considering guaranteeing deposits in domestic banks, in one of the first concrete signs that the global financial crisis may next hit the oil-rich Gulf.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 26, Lithuania's conservatives Homeland Union, led by former PM Andrius Kubilius, won the parliamentary ballot for the first time since 2000, in a run-off vote that cemented their first-round defeat of the ruling Social Democrats two weeks ago. Homeland Union won 44 seats in the 141-member Parliament.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(WSJ, 10/27/08, p.A14)
2008        Oct 26, In Mexico City kidnappers grabbed Javier Morena (5), the son of poor fruit sellers, with the intent to ask for a $23,000 ransom. The boy was killed with an injection of acid and buried outside the city. 5 suspects in the kidnapping were later arrested and confessed to the killing.
    (SFC, 11/4/08, p.11)
2008        Oct 26, Pakistan troops killed 11 Taliban militants in separate clashes in a tribal region. 15 people including 10 Taliban militants died in a gunbattle with locals in the restive Swat valley. Locals thwarted a Taliban attempt to seize militia chief Pir Samiullah. Hundreds of Taliban returned and seized 3 militia members, beheading one of them. Unknown gunmen shot dead the brother of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud. A US missile strike in the South Waziristan area killed Haji Omar Khan, a lieutenant of veteran Afghan Taliban chieftain and former anti-Soviet fighter Jalaluddin Haqqani, along with at least 15 other people.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(AFP, 10/27/08)(WSJ, 10/27/08, p.A14)
2008        Oct 26, The Palestinian national team hosted an international match for the first time, in the West Bank's only regulation-size stadium. Located in a West Bank suburb of Jerusalem. The game against Jordan ended in a 1-1 tie.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 27, South Korea lowered its key interest rate from 5% to 4.25%.
    (WSJ, 10/25/08, p.A11)
2008        Oct 26, Four US military helicopters attacked a civilian building under construction shortly before sundown in Sukkariyeh about five miles inside the Syrian border. A government statement said eight people were killed, including a man and his four children and a woman. An Associated Press journalist at the funerals in the village's cemetery saw the bodies of seven men, none of them minors. The area targeted is near the Iraqi border city of Qaim, which had been a major crossing point for fighters, weapons and money coming into Iraq.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 26, The IMF said it has reached a tentative agreement to provide Ukraine with $16.5 billion in loans over the next 2 years to help the country out of financial turmoil.
    (SFC, 10/27/08, p.D1)

2009        Oct 26, In Afghanistan Nangarhar province Gov. Gul Agha Sherzai survived an assassination attempt after a gunman fired automatic weapons at his convoy in Jalalabad. Sherzai's bodyguards killed the gunman, as well as another attacker wearing a suicide vest and carrying grenades. Security forces in Kabul fired automatic rifles into the air for a second day to contain hundreds of stone-throwing university students angered over the alleged desecration of Islam's holy book. US and Afghan authorities have denied any such desecration and insist that the Taliban are spreading the rumor to stir up public anger. A UH-1 and an AH-1 Cobra helicopter collided in flight before sunrise over the southern province of Helmand, killing 4 American troops. Another helicopter went down in the west of the country after leaving the scene of a firefight, killing 10 Americans, including 7 service members and 3 Drug Enforcement Administration agents.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, British-based Barclays bought the home loans and savings arm of insurer Standard Life for ₤226 million, pursuing its expansion strategy after the part-purchase of failed US titan Lehman Brothers last year. Standard Life Bank, which has no retail branch network, was launched back in 1998.
    (AFP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In Iraq a car bomb at a police checkpoint near Karbala killed at least 4 people.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In the Marshall Islands traditional chief Jurelang Zedkaia was elected president by a slender 17-15 margin, replacing Litokwa Tomeing who was ousted in a no-confidence vote last week.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In Mexico a band of thieves swarmed into a railroad facility and held security guards at gunpoint while making off with three dozen new automobiles and trucks from a storage lot west of the capital.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 26, Mongolian PM Bayar Sanjaa said he wanted to resign for health reasons, bringing new political uncertainty to his impoverished but resource-rich nation.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, A key member of Nigeria's ruling party and close associate of former president Olusegun Obasanjo was sentenced to a total of 28 years in jail for corruption. Bode George and five co-accused "were given 28 years on the charges, but will serve two-and-half years since the sentences will run concurrently." George and five other directors of Nigeria Ports Plc were found guilty of fraud and contract inflation while serving on the board of the state-run company during Obasanjo's regime from 1999 to 2007.
    (AFP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 26, Nigeria signed a deal worth almost a billion dollars with a state-owned Chinese engineering firm to resuscitate part of its dilapidated railway system.
    (AFP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, Kang Tong Rim (30) defected into North Korea. The next day a South Korean military statement said Kang had formerly served in an army division near where a fence was found cut and he has been on a police wanted list following his alleged involvement in an assault case in September.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 26, In Pakistan a fight to secure Ghalai village, on the road from Kotkai to Sararogha, left six soldiers and 10 militants dead, bringing to 197 the number of militants and to 30 the number of troops killed so far.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, Pakistani police arrested 11 Iranian Revolutionary Guard officers for illegally entering the country, amid tensions over a suicide attack on Oct 18 that Tehran alleges was carried out by militants backed by Pakistani intelligence officials. The 11 officers were released the next day.
    (AP, 10/26/09)(AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 26, In South Africa Harmony Gold Mining Co. said four workers were trapped underground at its Target mine in the country's Free State province after ground fell on them in a section of the mine.
    (Reuters, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, South Korea offered a small amount of food aid to North Korea, its first direct assistance to the impoverished neighbor in nearly two years of strained relations.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In South Korea Dr. Hwang Woo-suk (56), a stem cell scientist, was convicted on criminal charges relating to faked research, but avoided jail time.
    (SFC, 10/27/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 26, Yemeni coast guards seized a boat that illegally entered the country's territorial waters and arrested five Iranians on board. Local media reported the next day that an Iranian boat smuggling weapons was captured and its Iranian crew arrested.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2010        Oct 26, Arizona executed a convicted murderer by lethal injection in a case that stirred controversy after it emerged that one of the drugs being used to end the inmate's life was obtained in Britain. Jeffrey Landrigan (50), convicted of the murder of Chester Dean Dyer in 1989, was executed at a state prison in Florence. Dyer, who was strangled to death, was found by a co-worker on December 15, 1989, after he failed to show up for work. Landrigan was the 24th person executed in Arizona since the state resumed capital punishment in 1992. 132 inmates remained on the state's death row.
    (AP, 10/29/10)
2010        Oct 26, An annual report by Transparency Int’l. marked Somalia as the most corrupt county in the world, followed by Afghanistan, Myanmar and Iraq. Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore tied as the world’s least corrupt nations. The US declined to 22nd from 19th last year.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 26, In western Afghanistan a bombing killed four Afghan policemen, including a local police chief in Herat province.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said at least 30 women were kept as prisoners in a dungeon-like structure and gang-raped over multiple weeks at the Congo and Angola border before being left in the bush without their clothes. The deportees said they were held by Angolan authorities in a dingy building. At least three were killed, including two men and a woman (27) who died after being raped repeatedly.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 26, Armenian police arrested Georg Avanesov (27). He allegedly operated the “Bredolab" botnet of nearly 30 million PCs. Investigators alleged that Avanesov made up to US$139,000 each month renting the botnet to criminals who used it for sending spam and for installing password-stealing malicious software.
    (www.securelist.com/en/analysis/204792148/Spam_report_October_2010)
2010        Oct 26, In Belize the body of Bruce Cullerton, an American who also held Belizean citizenship, was found. He had been killed by a 30-pound (59 kilogram) jaguar, that had escaped from its cage last week during Hurricane Richard. Max, the jaguar, was recaptured and euthanized On Oct 27.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 26, Authorities in Bosnia and Serbia said they had recovered the skeletal remains of at least 97 people from the banks of a border lake that was partially drained this summer for maintenance. Most were killed by Serbs in the nearby town of Visegrad at the start of the 1992-1995 Bosnian War. But on the Serbian side experts found the remains of what they presume to be 11 Albanians killed during the Kosovo war in 1998-1999.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, In Brazil a man accused of raping 40 women turned himself in, only to be let go because Brazilian law prohibits voters from being arrested five days before elections unless they are caught red-handed. The no-arrest provision was included in the Brazilian electoral code enacted in 1932 after a period in which election fraud and arrests to intimidate voters were common.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 26, A Brazilian court ordered McDonald's to pay a former franchise manager $17,500 because he gained 65 pounds while working there a dozen years. The 32-year-old man says he was forced to sample food products each day to ensure that quality standards remained high because McDonald's hired "mystery clients" to randomly visit restaurants and report on the food, service and cleanliness.
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 26, China rolled out its fastest train yet and announced that the Three Gorges Dam, the world's biggest hydroelectric project, is now generating electricity at maximum capacity. Inauguration ceremonies were held for the super-fast line from Shanghai's western suburb of Hongqiao to the resort city of Hangzhou. The train will cruise at a top speed of 220 mph (350 kph), making the 125-mile (200-km) trip in 45 minutes.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, The Czech Republic became the second European Union country after Spain to grant asylum to a Cuban political prisoner. Jimenez Posada, a lawyer, arrived with his wife, brother, son and niece. He was arrested in 2003 and received a 12-year prison term three years later for subversion.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, Egyptian security forces detained 70 campaign workers from the opposition Muslim Brotherhood while hanging election posters in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria ahead of next month's parliamentary vote.
    (AFP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, Germany's Defense Minister said the country will begin a major restructuring of the military next year as it moves from a Cold War conscript army to one better positioned to face today's threats, while also cutting costs.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, UN officials counted 3,769 cases of cholera in Haiti and raised the death toll to 284.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 26, Indonesia’s Mount Merapi volcano erupted, prompting terrified villagers to flee and join the thousands already evacuated from its slopes.
    (Reuters, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, Iran acknowledged that it has been sending funds to neighboring Afghanistan for years, saying the money was intended to aid reconstruction of the embattled country.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, Iran began loading fuel into the core of its first atomic power plant, moving closer to the start up of the Bushehr facility that leaders have touted as defying of international efforts to curtail the country's nuclear ambitions.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, In Iraq Saddam Hussein's longtime foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, was sentenced to death by hanging for persecuting members of Shiite religious parties under the former regime. Thieves armed with guns and hand grenades stormed a jewelry shop in northern Iraq and killed 10 people during a robbery attempt.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, In Mexico the bodies of two men, one of them decapitated, were found inside an SUV in Ciudad Juarez. Police suspected they may have been behind the massacre of 14 young people at a birthday party. The entire police force of the small northeastern town of Los Ramones quit, Nuevo Leon state, a day after gunmen attacked their headquarters. Oaxaca state police found the bound, tortured bodies of four people in a clandestine grave in a vacant lot near the state capital. In Morelos state the bodies of four men were found near a roadside with about 30 shell casings. A 25-year-old American was shot to death outside a restaurant in Ciudad Juarez. Gunmen killed three undercover Mexican federal police officers as they waited for a person to cross a bridge from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 10/27/10)(AFP, 10/27/10)(AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 26, Nigerian police arrested 10 local chiefs from Boje community accused of murder in a land dispute with neighbors after which 13 burnt corpses were recovered.
    (AFP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 26, Somali pirates failed to get control of the French flagged Maido, a liquefied petroleum gas carrier, because the crew had locked itself in a safe room.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 26, Deborah Calitz and Bruno Pelizzari of South Africa were captured by Somali pirates from a yacht, the SY Choizil, off the coast of Tanzania. Skipper Peter Eldridge (61) escaped. A ransom of $10 million was later demanded.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4nen4cw)(AP, 1/31/11)
2010        Oct 26, The UN refugee agency said some 60,000 civilians in Somalia have fled their homes over the past week as fresh fighting between Islamist insurgents and a government-allied militia claimed the lives of at least 10 people.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, A Southern Sudan official said that northern Sudan leaders are holding an oil-rich region "hostage" in negotiations being held before a January independence referendum.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, The UN General Assembly voted 187-2 to end US sanctions against Cuba. Only the US and Israel voted in favor.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 26, Yemen ordered the confiscation of all firearms in the possession of its citizens after canceling weapons' licenses not carrying the Interior Minister's signature. Some 50 million firearms are thought to be in the possession of Yemen's estimated 23 million people.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2011        Oct 26, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in an interview to BBC Farsi said that in the next two months, the United States would open a "virtual embassy": an online site that would respond to questions about US visa and study options, and that would address the Iranian population directly.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, The US government gave BP approval to drill at its Kaskida field, some 192 miles of the Louisiana coast. This would be BP’s first deep-water operation since the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well blowout on April 20, 2010.
    (SFC, 10/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Oct 26, Rajat Gupta, former head of the McKinsey consultancy, was charged with 5 counts of security fraud and one count of conspiracy. His case was related to the insider trading trial of hedge fund founder Raj Rajaratnam, who was convicted on May 11.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.86)
2011        Oct 26, In Oakland, Ca., anti-Wall Street protesters held a late-night march through the streets, a day after one demonstrator, an Iraq War veteran, was left in critical condition with a fractured skull following a clash with police.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Atlanta, Georgia, helicopters hovered overhead as officers in riot gear arrested more than 50 Occupy Atlanta protesters at a downtown park.
    (AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 26, The X Prize Foundation offered a $10 million prize to the first team to sequence the genomes of 100 centenarians. The contest will begin in January 2013 and last for 30 days.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.95)
2011        Oct 26, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and two dozen wounded when a fuel truck supplying the Bagram NATO base erupted in flames after being bombed in Parwan province. In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack, raising the number killed so far this year to 479.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Argentina a court sentenced Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," and 11 other former Argentine military and police officers to life in prison for crimes against humanity committed during the 1976-83 military dictatorship.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Chinese Vice Premier Le Keqiang met with South Korea's President Lee Myung-bak during a two-day trip to Seoul. South Korea's central bank said it has agreed with its Chinese counterpart to expand their currency swap deal as a backstop against global economic turmoil.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In China a group of children's clothing company owners protesting in the town of Zhili in Zhejiang province swelled to more than 600 people. Hundreds of migrant small business owners have protested over a tax dispute, some of them torching vehicles.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, Europe sealed a last-ditch deal to fix its festering debt crisis by shoring up its bailout fund, pledging new funds for Greece and pushing banks to share the pain at a summit vital to the health of the global economy. Greece was provided with a second bailout package worth €130 billion ($184 billion) to stave off bankruptcy.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)(AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Iraq bomb and gun attacks killed 8 people, including four soldiers and two family members of a Shiite cleric, and wounded 29 others.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Talks between envoys of the international peacemaking Quartet and Israeli and Palestinian officials in Jerusalem ended with a pledge to introduce "comprehensive proposals" but no deal on new peace talks.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said he will give lawmakers a say in appointing the Cabinet, beginning next year. The change will allow the 120-seat parliament to choose a prime minister, whom the king can either appoint or veto.
    (SFC, 10/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 26, A Jordanian man (46) was sentenced to death for raping and impregnating his daughter then cutting her open to remove the fetus and letting her bleed to death. The man had been charged with the murder of the 19-year-old in May 2010 and confessed to having had sex with his daughter for five years.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 26, Libya's interim leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil urged NATO to continue its Libya campaign until year's end, saying loyalists of slain despot Moamer Kadhafi still pose a threat to the country. NATO unexpectedly postponed a definite decision to end its bombing campaign.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 26, Abdullah al-Senoussi, Moammar Gadhafi's former intelligence chief, entered Mali late at night, after making his way across Niger where he has been hiding for several days in the country's northern desert. Gadhafi's hunted son, Seif al-Islam, was also reported on his way to Mali, traveling across the invisible line separating Algeria from Niger.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 26, Marcel Ceccaldi, a French lawyer representing the family of Moamer Kadhafi said he plans to file a war crimes complaint against NATO with the International Criminal Court (ICC) for the alliance's alleged role in his death.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Mexico's National Public Safety System announced that almost one-third of 63,436 low-ranking Mexican police officers tested so far have failed background and security checks. Prosecutors announced the arrest last week of Adrian Ramirez, alias "The Mushroom," the alleged leader of the Cartel del Centro. 2 more suspects in the Aug. 25 attack on the Casino Royale were detained in Monterrey.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, More than 700 Mozambican civil war veterans and their families gathered in Maputo during a 2nd day of protests to demand pensions from the government. None of the 70,000 fighters from the 16-year civil war between the Frelimo government forces and Renamo rebel group currently receive pensions, while veterans from the country's liberation war against colonial power Portugal do get money from the state.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In the Philippines a building-sized edifice carved with the Bible's Ten Commandments was unveiled on a hill overlooking the northern resort city of Baguio, making it the largest tablet of its kind, according to Guinness World Records.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Russian newspaper journalist Igor Karmazin, working on a report about the opposition in Belarus, said he was deported overnight from the authoritarian ex-Soviet nation by the secret police. Lukashenko said that his government has learned the lessons of the Arab Spring uprisings and knows how to deal with protests organized through social networks.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, In Syria an Arab League team held talks with President Assad at the start of a bid to mediate with the opposition. Activists said at least 15 people were killed in military operations including 12 in Homs. Tens of thousands of Assad supporters rallied in Damascus.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 26, Tunisia's Islamist Ennahda party vowed to form a new government within a month as early results gave it a commanding lead in the Arab Spring's first free election.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, UN and industry officials said 8 drug makers have agreed to create a UN-administered pool of patented information and other data to spur new research into 21 tropical diseases and ailments.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, A high-end jewelry manufacturer in the US Virgin Islands was ordered to forfeit thousands of pounds (kg) of protected black coral and pay a $1.8 million fine for trading in it. Gem Manufacturing Inc. pleaded guilty to seven counts of violating the Endangered Species Act and the Lacey Act.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 26, Hundreds of Yemeni women set fire to traditional female veils to protest the government's brutal crackdown against the country's popular uprising, as overnight clashes in the capital and another city killed 25 people. The act of women burning their clothing is a symbolic Bedouin tribal gesture signifying an appeal for help to tribesmen.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2012        Oct 26, The US CDC said the number of people linked to the meningitis outbreak has climbed to 338 in 18 states and included 25 deaths. It has been traced to contaminated steroid shots mixed by a pharmacy in Framingham, Mass.
    (SFC, 10/27/12, p.A6)
2012        Oct 26, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a mosque, killing 41 people and wounding 23 in Maymana, Faryab province. Taliban militants pulled five Afghan civilians off a bus in Ghazni province and shot them dead.
    (AP, 10/26/12)(AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 26, Argentina lost its long battle against bond holdouts in the US courts when an appellate panel rejected every argument it made against paying $1.33 billion to investors who refused to accept as little as 25 cents on the dollar for the country's defaulted debt in 2005.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, Hurricane Sandy raged through the Bahamas after leaving 29 people dead across the Caribbean.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, China blocked access to the NY Times website after the paper published an article claiming the family of Premier Wen Jiabao has amassed assets worth $2.7 billion through a web of investments, mostly accumulated after he rose to high office in 2002.
    (SFC, 10/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 26, Chinese lawmakers stripped disgraced politician Bo Xilai of his last official position, formally expelling him from the country's top legislature and clearing the way for criminal proceedings against the once-rising political star.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, In China thousands of people in Ningbo city, Zhejiang province, clashed with police during a protest over the proposed expansion of a petrochemical factory that they fear would spew pollution and damage public health.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 26, In Cuba Eloy Gutierrez-Menoyo (b.1934)), a moderate, pro-dialogue dissident, died. He went from rebel commander fighting alongside Fidel Castro to a foe launching commando raids against the island before settling inside Cuba. Gutierrez-Menoyo spent 22 years in Cuban prisons, losing vision in one eye and hearing in one ear. He was freed in 1986.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, The European Parliament awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to Iranian film director Jafar Panahi and imprisoned dissident lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque south of Baghdad and gunmen opened fire on a security checkpoint elsewhere, leaving 4 dead and 8 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 26, In Italy a Milan court sentenced former Premier Silvio Berlusconi, to four years in prison and barred him from public office for five years after convicting him in a decade-old case involving the purchase of TV rights of U.S. films for his media empire.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 26, Amnesty International alleged that Ivory Coast security officials are torturing dozens of detainees by administering electric shocks and other forms of abuse. The victims included people charged with endangering state security in the wake of a recent spate of attacks targeting military installations.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, Panama's government said it will cancel plans to sell state-owned land in a duty-free zone on the Panama Canal following a week of sometimes violent protests in which a 10-year-old boy and two adults died.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 26, In Peru 2 people were killed a some 110 people injured, including 50 police officers, in riots in Lima that broke out after a wholesale market was closed for not meeting security and hygiene requirements.
    (SFC, 10/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 26, Syrians took to the streets for the largest anti-regime protests in months in several cities, taking advantage a lull in fighting as a cease-fire took effect at the start of a Muslim holiday. A few hours after the truce took effect, a car bomb in a residential area of Damascus killed at least 15 people and wounded more than 30. Another rigged car went off near an army checkpoint in the southern city of Deraa, killing 3 soldiers. In Aleppo fighting raged near the military airport, killing at least 4 people. At least 22 people were killed by regime shelling and sniper fire in the Damascus suburbs of Harasta and Douma, and in the northern Idlib province.
    (AP, 10/26/12)(AP, 10/29/12)

2013        Oct 26, In Arizona 5 people and 2 dogs were found shot to death at a Phoenix apartment complex in what appeared to be a murder-homicide. Michael Guzzo (56) killed himself after shooting four members of a family that lived next door.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A8)(SFC, 10/28/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 26, In New Mexico a gunman opened fire on police in Albuquerque and wounded three officers before he was shot and killed.
    (Reuters, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, In NYC a woman and her 4 children were stabbed to death in their Brooklyn home. A cousin, Chinese immigrant Mingdong Chen (25), was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 10/28/13)
2013        Oct 26, Wisconsin’s Milwaukee-based Garden-Fresh Foods recalled 50 more tons of chicken and ham products over concern of possible listeria contamination. The company first recalled 9 tons of food on Sep 25.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A8)
2013        Oct 26, In Afghanistan a gunman in Afghan uniform opened fire on ISAF coalition personnel before being killed on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Algeria's energy minister said a new oil field containing an estimated 1.3 billion barrels has been discovered in the southern region of Hassi Messaoud. He said state oil company, Sonatrach, will rely on unconventional techniques to extract 50 percent of the reserves, including hydraulic fracturing (fracking).
    (AP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Austrian authorities seized 500 kg (about 1,100 pounds) of cannabis during a routine check on a camping van entering southern Austria from Slovenia. Two Italian men were arrested.
    (AP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 26, Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina phoned Khaleda Zia, leader of the opposition, and requested that national strike be called off. This was their first conversation in many years. The strike continued.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.48)
2013        Oct 26, In Manchester, England, Ray Teret (72), the former driver for disgraced late BBC entertainer Jimmy Savile appeared in court to face charges including multiple counts of raping girls younger than 16.
    (AP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, In western Central African Republic hundreds of vigilantes armed with machetes and firearms attacked the town of Bouar, forcing civilians to flee the area.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Chinese journalist Chen Yongzhou, arrested over a series of articles criticizing a partly state-owned firm, appeared on public television to apologize, with state media saying he admitted the articles were "unverified and false."
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, In eastern CongoDRC fighting raged between soldiers and rebels for a second day.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, The center-left Social Democrats led the vote in the Czech parliamentary election with around 95% of polling stations across the country reporting. Party leader Bohuslav Sobotka faced the difficult task of cobbling together a majority after seven parties won seats in the election.
    (Reuters, 10/26/13)(Reuters, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 26, In Ethiopia Africa's biggest wind farm began production, aiding efforts to diversify electricity generation from hydropower plants and help the country become a major regional exporter of energy.
    (Reuters, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, The Press Trust of India reported that torrential rains have claimed as many as 48 lives in eastern India. Up to 45 people were killed in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa states and 3 in West Bengal.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Iranian media said 14 border guards were killed overnight and three others captured by "bandits" on the southeastern frontier with Pakistan. Jaish-ul Adl, a Sunni rebel group formed last year, claimed responsibility for the attack. In response the Iranian judiciary executed 16 people it said were elements of "terrorist" groups.
    (Reuters, 10/26/13)(AFP, 10/29/13)
2013        Oct 26, Attacks in Iraq killed 10 people, 7 of them from the same family.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Kurdish militants seized a Syrian border post on the frontier with Iraq, after three days of clashes with an al Qaeda-linked group which had held the crossing since March.
    (Reuters, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, In Lebanon 3 more people died overnight in Tripoli in clashes between supporters and opponents of Syria's regime.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, In central Mozambique armed gunmen attacked a civilian convoy including a passenger bus, killing one and wounding at least ten.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Nepalese police arrested Ram Chandra Pyashi Kushbah, a UML politician, and two other men over the fatal drive-by shooting of Mohammad Alam, a candidate slated to run in national elections. Alam, of the Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) party, died in hospital after being shot in the head in Kathmandu earlier this month.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 26, North Korea detained Merrill Newman (85), an American retiree and Korean War veteran, who was on an organized tour. Friends and relatives later said it was due to a "misunderstanding," but after 3 weeks they had not heard any reasons for the detention. Former members of a South Korean guerrilla group later said six decades earlier Newman had supervised the group during the Korean War, and that they were perhaps the most hated and feared fighters in the North.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)(AP, 12/3/13)
2013        Oct 26, Panama granted asylum to an Ecuadoran opposition politician sentenced to prison last month for his role in a multiple homicide case, finding that he was subjected to political persecution. Tito Galo Lara Yepez (45) was convicted on Sep 2 as an accomplice in the murder of an Ecuadoran couple and their four-year-old child and sentenced in absentia to 10 years in prison.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Saudi activists said more than 60 women claimed to have answered their call to get behind the wheel in a rare show of defiance against a ban on female driving. At least 16 Saudi women received fines for taking the wheel in defiance of the traditional ban on female driving.
    (AP, 10/26/13)(AFP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 26, Mount Etna, Europe's most active volcano, erupted, sending up a towering plume of ash visible in much of eastern Sicily.
    (AP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, Somali security forces shut down one of the country’s most respected independent radio stations in Mogadishu, accusing it of illegally occupying a government building. Journalist Mohamed Mohamud (26) died in hospital after being attacked by gunmen, bringing to 7 the number of journalists killed in Somalia this year. Unidentified gunmen in a car shot at Mohamud as he drove to work on Oct 22 in the Wadajir district of Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)(AP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 26, Syria's jihadist Al-Nusra Front said in a statement that its leader, Abu Mohammad al-Golani, was in good health, a day after state television had reported his death.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 26, In Taiwan tens of thousands of people rallied in Asia's largest gay parade, as the island's parliament was set to review a bill on same-sex marriages.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)

2014        Oct 26, In Oakland, Ca., Perla Avina (30), a mother of four, was killed in a road-rage shooting on 98th Ave. Police soon identified and arrested Carl Dubose (20) of Elk Grove.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.D2)
2014        Oct 26, Ian Khama, the Botswana Democratic Party's presidential candidate and national leader since 2009, was appointed to a 2nd term.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, Brazilians voted in an election that put leftist Pres. Dilma Rousseff (66),  with strong support among the poor, against centrist Sen. Aecio Neves (54), who is promising pro-business policies to jumpstart a stagnant economy. Rousseff won with 51.6% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 10/26/14)(Reuters, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 26, British troops ended their combat operations in Afghanistan as they and US Marines handed over two huge adjacent bases in Helmand province to the Afghan military. Helmand province produces 80-90 percent of the opium that helps finance the Taliban's insurgency.
    (Reuters, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, An Egyptian court convicted 23 activists, including prominent rights campaigners, of staging an illegal demonstration and sentenced them each to three years in jail.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, In France Remi Fraisse (21) died in the early hours during violent clashes between security forces and protesters against the Sivens dam project on the river Tescou in the southwestern Tarn region. On Oct 31 authorities decided to suspend work on a controversial dam.
    (AFP, 10/31/14)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.56)
2014        Oct 26, In Germany 49 police officers were injured as some 4,000 neo-Nazis attended a demonstration in cologne by a group calling itself “Hooligans against Salafis."
    (SFC, 10/28/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 26, Haiti's government announced it is postponing long delayed legislative and municipal elections. Pres. Martelly had decreed in June that there would be an election on October 26, but the National Assembly did not pass an electoral law in time because of a political impasse.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, In India 9 people were killed when a passenger bus traveling in the remote northeast swerved over a bridge and broke through the railing to fall into a marshy ravine near the town of Kaliabor, Assam state.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, Iraqi government forces retook four villages near a mountain ridge overlooking Islamic State supply lines. A suicide bomber in a truck packed with explosives killed three soldiers at an Iraqi army gathering on a highway west of Tikrit. Government forces and Shi'ite militias re-captured Jurf al-Sakha. The bodies of more than 50 Islamic State fighters were scattered across Jurf al-Sakhar, on streets, in trenches, near houses and on the beds of pickup trucks, many of them charred.
    (Reuters, 10/26/14)(Reuters, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 26, In Lebanon warrant officer Fayez al-Ammuri was abducted by gunmen who stormed his home in Bab al-Tebbaneh. Al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate threatened to kill Lebanese soldiers it captured in fighting in August unless the army halts operations against Islamist militants in Lebanon's second city Tripoli. The army moved tanks and commando forces into Tripoli after clashes since Oct 24 killed at least 11 soldiers, 8 civilians and 22 militants.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)(SFC, 10/27/14, p.A2)(Reuters, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 26, In eastern Nepal a passenger van slipped off a mountain road, killing eight people and injuring 13.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, In Somalia 2 men convicted of murdering a journalist and a security official were executed in public in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, In South Africa Senzo Meyiwa (27), goalkeeper and captain national soccer team, was killed in an apparent robbery after two gunmen entered a house he was visiting in Vosloorus township near Johannesburg.
    (AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 26, In Syria Kurdish forces in Kobane thwarted a new attempt by fighters from the Islamic State group to cut off the border with Turkey before Iraqi Kurdish reinforcements can deploy. The jihadists have lost 481 dead, while 313 Kurds have been killed fighting to defend the area. Civilians accounted for 21 of the dead.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, In Syria 16 members of the same family were among 24 people killed in overnight government air strikes on the town of Talbisseh. Air strikes on the Waer district on the outskirts of Homs killed 7 people. 12 civilians from the same family were killed in government barrel bomb strikes on the rebel town of Busra al-Sham in southern Daraa province. Rebel fire on a school in Aleppo killed a child and a man.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, Tunisia held parliamentary elections. The Islamist party Ennahda finished second with 69 seats behind secular rival Nidaa Tounes with 85 of the 217 seats in parliament.
    (AP, 10/26/14)(AP, 10/27/14)(Econ, 11/1/14, p.47)
2014        Oct 26, A divided Ukraine voted in parliamentary elections. The People’s Front party of PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk beat Pres. Poroshenko’s bloc by 22.8% to 21.8%. The election handed Poroshenko a mandate to end a separatist conflict and steer the country further out of Russia's orbit into Europe's mainstream.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)(Reuters, 10/27/14)(Econ, 11/1/14, p.50)
2014        Oct 26, Uruguay held elections for a new president in a contest that could also determine the future of the country's pioneering marijuana law. Left-leaning former Pres. Tabare Vazquez (74) won the most votes, but fell short of the majority needed to avoid a Nov 30 runoff. He will face center-right challenger Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou (41) of the National Party.
    (AP, 10/26/14)(SFC, 10/27/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 26, Yemeni troops and a US drone struck positions held by Al-Qaeda suspects and Sunni tribes killing over a dozen insurgents who have been battling Shiite rebels. Houthi fighters backed by government forces entered an al Qaeda stronghold in al-Bayda province.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)(Reuters, 10/26/14)

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