Today in History - October 27

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97        Oct 27, To placate the Praetorians of Germany, Nerva of Rome adopted Trajan, the Spanish born governor of lower Germany.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

312        cOct 27, Prior to a battle between Constantine and Maxentius, Constantine experienced a vision of Christ that ordered him to ornament the shields of his soldiers with the Greek letters chi and rho, the monogram for Christ. Constantine won the battle and attributed his success to Christ. He became emperor of the West and an advocate of Christianity. [see Oct 28]
    (MH, 12/96)(CU, 6/87)

1430        Oct 27, Vytautas the Great (b.1350), the ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1392–1430) which chiefly encompassed the Lithuanians and Ruthenians, died. He had been preparing for coronation but Polish forces interrupted the arrival of his crown to Trakus. He began to ride to Vilnius but fell from his horse and was returned to Trakus where he died at the age of 80. He was also the Prince of Hrodna (1370–1382) and the Prince of Lutsk (1387–1389), postulated king of Hussites.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vytautas)(H of L, 1931, p.58)

1439        Oct 27, Albrecht II von Habsburg (42), king of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, died.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1505        Oct 27, The Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III (also known as "Ivan the Great"), died; he was succeeded by his son, Vasily III (Basil III). Vasily's son, Ivan IV, later became the first czar of Russia, "Ivan the Terrible."
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.9)(AP, 10/27/05)

1523        Oct 27, English troops occupied Montalidier, France.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1553        Oct 27, Michael Servetus (b.1511), Spanish theologian and physician, was burnt for heresy in Geneva, Switzerland. His last book "Christianismi Restitutio" included a chapter on the pulmonary circulation of blood. In 2002 Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone authored "Out of the Flames." [see 1540]
    (HN, 10/27/98)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.D8)(WSJ, 1/18/08, p.W10)

1612        Oct 27, A Polish army which invaded Russia capitulated to Prince Dimitri Pojarski and his Cossacks.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1644        Oct 27, The 2nd Battle at Newbury: King Charles I beat parliamentary armies.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1651        Oct 27, English troops occupied Limerick, Ireland.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1688        Oct 27, King James II fired premier Robert Spencer.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1702        Oct 27, English troops plundered St. Augustine, Florida.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1728        Oct 27, Captain James Cook (d.1779), explorer, was born in a small village near Middlesbrough, Yorkshire. His discoveries included the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Cook)

1782        Oct 27, Niccolo Paganini (d.1840), composer and violin virtuoso, was born in Genoa, Italy. He was both syphilitic and consumptive since early manhood and died of TB in Nice.
    (WP, 1951, p.21)(MC, 10/27/01)

1787        Oct 27, The first of the Federalist Papers, a series of 77 essays calling for ratification of the U.S. Constitution, was published in a New York newspaper. The essays by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay were written under the pseudonym “Publius" and later published as "The Federalist Papers."
    (AP, 10/27/97)(WSJ, 11/19/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/29/07, p.A8)

1795        Oct 27, The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of San Lorenzo (also known as Pinckney's Treaty), which provided for free navigation of the Mississippi River. [see Oct 26]
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1806        Oct 27, Emperor Napoleon entered Berlin.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1809        Oct 27, President James Madison ordered the annexation of the western part of West Florida. Settlers there had rebelled against Spanish authority.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1810        Oct 27, US annexed West Florida from Spain.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1811        Oct 27, Isaac Merrit Singer, inventor of a practical home sewing machine, was born.
    (HN, 10/27/98)(MC, 10/27/01)

1858        Oct 27, Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States (1901-1909) who was the namesake of the “Teddy" bear, was born in New York City in a townhouse at 28 East 20th Street. Today a reconstruction of the house is a National Historic Site and open to the public. The 26th president of the U.S., Roosevelt died on January 6, 1919. He wrote the 4-volume “The Winning of the West."  In 1996 The American Experience series broadcast a 4-hr. TV special that covered his life. His pursuit of boxing left him blind in one eye. He put 230 million acres of land under federal protection. "Death is always and under all circumstances a tragedy, for if it is not, then it means that life itself has become one."
    (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A14)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.C13)(AP, 10/27/97)(WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A20)(HN, 10/27/98)(HNQ, 11/18/98) (AP, 4/22/99)
1858        Oct 27, Theodore Roosevelt’s words, “The only one who makes no mistakes is one who never does anything," were inscribed on the New York City home where he was born. The Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site is located at 28 E. 20th Street in Manhattan, www.nps.gov/thrb.
    (HNQ, 9/28/02)

1862        Oct 27, A Confederate force was routed at the Battle of Labadieville, near Bayou Lafourche in Louisiana. John Howard Payne's haunting 'Home, Sweet Home' was the Civil War soldier's favorite song.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1864        Oct 27, Battle of Boydton Plank Road, Va. (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad).
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1864        Oct 27, Battle of Fair Oaks, Va.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1864        Oct 27, Battle of Newtonia, Mi.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1864        Oct 27, Confederate ship Albemarle was torpedoed and sank.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1864        Oct 27, Siege of Petersburg, Va.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1867        Oct 27, Garibaldi marched on Rome.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1870        Oct 27, The French fortress of Metz surrendered to the Prussian Army.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1871        Oct 27, Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, was indicted on charges of fraud and grand larceny after NY Times exposed his corruption. The conviction were overturned but civil charges sent him to prison.
    (MC, 10/27/01)(Arch, 7/02, p.24)

1873        Oct 27, Farmer Joseph F. Glidden applied for a patent on barbed wire. Glidden eventually received five patents and is generally considered the inventor of barbed wire. [see Nov 24, 1874] Joseph Glidden and Isaac Ellwood formed a company in De Kalb, Illinois to manufacture barbed wire, an essential product of old West. Patents on barbed wire were granted as early as 1867, but Glidden was the first to devise a commercially viable way of producing it after seeing a sample of barbed wire at a fair in 1873. Glidden and Ellwood’s product greatly increased the use of barbed wire to protect crops and livestock from roaming cattle. Open ranges dramatically dwindled in the face of new fencing over the next two decades.
    (HN, 10/27/98)(HNQ, 2/12/01)
1873        Oct 27, Emily Post (d.1960), authority on social behavior and writer, was born into high society in Baltimore. Md.
    (WSJ, 10/16/08, p.A13)

1880        Oct 27, Theodore Roosevelt (22) married his first wife, Alice Hathaway Lee.
    (AP, 10/27/07)

1891        Oct 27, D. B. Downing, inventor, was awarded a patent for the street letter box, i.e. mailbox.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1893        Oct 27, Hurricane hit the US coast between Savannah, Ga., and Charleston, SC.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1893        Oct 27, Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), Austrian composer, conducted a revised version of his First Symphony at Hamburg's Ludwig Konzerthaus, still in its original five-movement.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Mahler)

1904        Oct 27, The first rapid transit subway, the IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), was inaugurated in New York City. It ran from the Brooklyn Bridge uptown to Broadway at 145th Street with a fare of one nickel. [see Oct 4, 24]
    (AP, 10/27/97)(HN, 10/27/98)

1907        Oct 27, Union Station in Washington, D.C., opened.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
1907        Oct 27, The first trial in the Eulenberg Affair ended in Germany. Prince Philip Eulenberg was an aristocrat and former diplomat who was an old friend of the Kaiser's. Others were jealous of Eulenberg's position. Maximilian Harden, editor of the magazine Die Zunkunft, began to print a series of articles in the fall of 1906 which alleged that Eulenberg and other highly placed men were homosexuals.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1910        Oct 27, Fred de Cordova, film and TV producer (Tonight Show), was born.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1913        Oct 27, Pres. Wilson said US will never attack another country.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1914        Oct 27, Dylan Thomas, British poet and author whose works included “Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog," was born in Swansea, Wales.
    (AP, 10/27/97)(HN, 10/27/98)
1914        Oct 27, The British battleship Audacious was sunk by a mine.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1916        Oct 27, The 1st published reference to "jazz" appeared in Variety.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1917        Oct 27, 20,000 women marched in a suffrage parade in New York.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1919        Oct 27, The Axeman of New Orleans claimed last victim.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1920        Oct 27, League of Nations moved headquarters in Geneva.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1922        Oct 27, The first US annual celebration of Navy Day took place.
    (AP, 10/27/00)   
1922        Oct 27, In Italy, liberal Luigi Facta's cabinet resigned after threats from Mussolini that "either the government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome." Mussolini called for a general mobilization of all Fascists.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1923        Oct 27, Roy Lichtenstein (d.1997), ‘pop art’ painter, was born.
    (SFC, 9/30/97, p.A7)(HN, 10/27/00)

1925        Oct 27, Warren M. Christopher, US, lawyer and minister of Foreign affairs (1993-2001), was born.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1925        Oct 27, Water skis were patented by Fred Waller.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1927        Oct 27, Ruby Dee, actress and civil rights activist who starred in the Broadway hit “South Pacific" and the movie “A Raisin in the Sun," was born.
    (HN, 10/27/98)
1927        Oct 27, Fox Movie-tone news, the first sound news film, was released.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1932        Oct 27, Sylvia Plath (d.1963), poet and novelist (Colossus, 3 Women, Bell Jar), was born.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(HN, 10/27/00)

1934        Oct 27, Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, was born.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1938        Oct 27, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: nylon. [see Oct 26]
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1939        Oct 27, John Cleese, actor-writer, was born. He is best known for comedy productions “Monty Python" and “Fawlty Towers."
    (HN, 10/27/00)

1940        Oct 27, Maxine Hong Kingston, writer, was born. Her work included “The Woman Warrior" and “China Men."
    (HN, 10/27/00)
1940        Oct 27, The 1939 New York World’s Fair officially closed. In 2010 James Mauro authored “Twilight at the world of tomorrow: Genius, Madness, Murder, and the 1939 World’s Fair on the Brink of War."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1939_New_York_World%27s_Fair)

1941        Oct 27, In a broadcast to the nation on Navy Day, President Franklin Roosevelt declared: "America has been attacked, the shooting has started." He did not ask for full-scale war yet, realizing that many Americans were not yet ready for such a step.
    (HN, 10/27/98)(AP, 10/27/99)
1941        Oct 27, The Chicago Daily Tribune dismissed the possibility of war with Japan, editorializing, “She cannot attack us. That is a military impossibility. Even our base at Hawaii is beyond the effective striking power of her fleet."
    (AP, 10/27/01)
1941        Oct 27, Nazis directed the evacuation of the gypsy ghetto in Belgrade.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1942        Oct 27, In the 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles and Australians advanced.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1942        Oct 27, In Starachowice, Poland, Nazi soldiers separated out weak Jews from the strong. The strong were sent to work and the weak were sent to the extermination camp at Treblinka.
    (WSJ, 11/25/03, p.A1)

1944        Oct 27, Tito reached free Belgrade.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1946        Oct 27, Peter Martins, Danish dancer and choreographer, was born.
    (HN, 10/27/00)

1947        Oct 27, "You Bet Your Life," starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. The show was transferred to TV on NBC in 1950 and lasted until 1961.
    (SFC, 6/5/97, p.A26)(AP, 10/27/97)
1947        Oct 27, The Hindu maharajah of Muslim-majority Kashmir joined India. The accession, not recognized by Pakistan, led to a war.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1950        Oct 27, Fran Leibowitz, writer, was born. Her work included “Metropolitan Life" and “Social Studies."
    (HN, 10/27/00)

1954        Oct 27, Walt Disney's first television program, titled "Disneyland" after his yet-to-be completed theme park, premiered on ABC. "Davy Crockett, Indian Fighter" was possibly the first miniseries.
    (AP, 10/27/97)(http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0046593/)(SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.38)
1954        Oct 27, Pres. Eisenhower offered aid to S. Vietnam Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1956        Oct 27, A Franco-German agreement was signed to transfer the Saar Basin to West Germany. France, Germany and Luxembourg agreed to canalize the Moselle River, connecting the steel industry with the Ruhr Valley. The Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to rejoin Germany. This took place on Jan 1, 1957.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1182)(http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Saarland)

1958        Oct 27, In Pakistan Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan carried out the country’s first military coup. He announced that "our ultimate aim is to restore democracy but of the type that people can understand." Corruption had become so widespread within the national and civic systems of administration that Ayub Khan was welcomed as a national hero by the people. This launched more than a decade of military rule.
    (www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A065)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A22)

1960        Oct 27, Singer Ben E. King recorded "Spanish Harlem" and "Stand By Me."
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1961        Oct 27, The USS Constellation, a Kitty Hawk-class supercarrier, was commissioned with Captain T. J. Walker in command.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Constellation_%28CV-64%29)
1961        Oct 27, The 1st Saturn launch vehicle made an unmanned flight test.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1961        Oct 27, Outer Mongolia and Mauritania become the 102nd and 103rd members of UN.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1962        Oct 27, "Beyond the Fringe" opened at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 performances. It starred Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Jonathan Miller and Alan Bennett.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1962        Oct 27, Fatso Marco (56), comedian (Milton Berle Show), died.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1962        Oct 27, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev offered to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the U.S. removed its missile bases in Turkey. It was later learned that JFK had secretly offered this option to Khrushchev.
    (HN, 10/27/98)(MC, 10/27/01)(NPR, 2002)
1962        Oct 27, With its batteries running low, Soviet submarine B-59/C-19 was forced to surface and headed east. Although surrounded by US ships, submarine captain Vitali Savitsky realizes that they are not in a "state of war; one of the destroyers has a lively band playing jazz. The Cony communicates with it via flashing lights; Savitsky identifies the submarine as "Ship X" ("Korablx") and declines assistance. B-59 identifies itself to other nearby ships as "Prinavlyet" (by the U.S.S. Murray), and "Prosnablavst" (by the Bache and the Barry). Aircraft illuminate and photograph it.
    (www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB75/subchron.htm)

1964        Oct 27, Singers Sonny and Cher wed. Cher wore bell-bottoms.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1964        Oct 27, Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye held 60 Americans and 800 Belgians.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1966        Oct 27, The UN deprived South Africa of Namibia.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1967        Oct 27, 4 people from Baltimore poured blood on selective service records.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1968        Oct 27, The 19th Olympic games closed at Mexico City, Mexico.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968_Summer_Olympics)
1968        Oct 27, In London there was a massive anti-Vietnam war demonstration.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)
1968        Oct 27, Lisa Meitner (b.1878), Austrian-born Swedish physicist, died in England. During the war while in hiding from Hitler in Sweden, she analyzed and understood for its significance the work of Otto Hahn who in 1944 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on nuclear fission.
    (MT, 10/94, letters, p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lise_Meitner)

1970        Oct 27, The US Controlled Substance Act became effective. It classified marijuana, heroin and LSD as “schedule I," drugs with no accepted medical use. People arrested for drug offences then rose from an initial 416,000 per year to 1,890,000 per year in 2007.
    (WSJ, 2/8/05, p.D7)(www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/21cfr/21usc/812.htm)(Econ, 12/15/07, p.38)

1972        Oct 27, The US Noise Control Act of 1972, Public Law 92-574, allowed states or US territories to set noise-control laws.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/5usyxa)
1972        Oct 27, Federal legislation established the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in the Bay Area of SF. The park was expanded from 870 acres in 1948 to 6,300 acres by 1972.
    (http://usparks.about.com/library/miniplanner/blgoldengatenra.htm)(SFEC, 6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)

1974        Oct 27, "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closed at the Edison Theater in NYC after 1065 performances.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3r9pv9)
1974        Oct 27, Chantal Langlace of France ran a female world record marathon (2:46:24).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marathon_world_best_progression)

1977        Oct 27, James M. Cain (b.1892), member of the "hard-boiled" school of crime fiction of the 1930s and 1940s, died in Maryland. Three of his novels, “The Postman Always Rings Twice" (1934), “Double Indemnity" (1936), and Mildred Pierce" (1941), were made into classics of the American screen.
    (iUniv. 7/1/00)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jmcain.htm)

1978        Oct 27, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1980        Oct 27, Brendan "The Dark" Hughes (1948-2008), a senior IRA commander, led a hunger strike at Northern Ireland’s Maze Prison that lasted 53 days.
    (www.socialistreview.org.uk/article.php?articlenumber=9819)
1980        Oct 27, Steve Peregrin Took (b.1949), English musician (T-Rex) born as Stephen Ross Porter, died when he choked on a cocktail cherry.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Peregrin_Took)

1981        Oct 27, In an incident that became known as “Whiskey-on-the-rocks" Soviet Whiskey-class submarine S-363, ran aground near Karlskrona, a Swedish naval base. Sweden designated it U137.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_submarine_S-363(Econ, 10/25/14, p.54)

1982        Oct 27, China announced its population at 1 billion people plus.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2l3pta)

1985        Oct 27, Billy Martin was fired by Yankees for the 4th time.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/M/Martin_Billy.stm)
1985        Oct 27, Hurricane Juan ravaged US Gulf states and east coast and 49 died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Juan_(1985))

1986        Oct 27, The US Congress gave new life to the 1863 False Claims Act when it promised big payouts for citizens who blew the whistle on firms that defrauded the government.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/False_Claims_Act)
1986        Oct 27, The New York Mets won the World Series, coming from behind to defeat the Boston Red Sox, 8-5, in Game 7 played at Shea Stadium.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
1986        Oct 27, Reforms transformed the closed shop London stock exchange. New ways of trading shares came into effect and the day became remembered as the “Big Bang."
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.83)

1987        Oct 27, South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, establishing direct presidential elections and other democratic reforms.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1987        Oct 27, Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson, a hostage in Lebanon, spent his 40th birthday in captivity.
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1988        Oct 27, The government of the Soviet Union unveiled an $804 billion budget containing a deficit of $58 billion that officials blamed on past mistakes.
    (AP, 10/27/98)

1989        Oct 27, The third game of the World Series, delayed by the Northern California earthquake, was played at Candlestick Park. The Oakland A's defeated the San Francisco Giants, 13-7.
    (AP, 10/27/99)

1990        Oct 27, The US Senate gave final legislative approval to a record package of taxes and spending cuts, hours after the House approved the plan.
    (AP, 10/27/00)
1990        Oct 27, Death claimed bandleader Xavier Cugat at age 90.
    (AP, 10/27/00)
1990        Oct 27, Elliott Roosevelt (80), son of FDR, died.
    (AP, 10/27/00)

1991        Oct 27, The Minnesota Twins won the World Series, beating the Atlanta Braves 1-0 in the bottom of the 10th inning in the seventh and deciding game.
    (AP, 10/27/01)

1992        Oct 27, The government reported that the U.S. gross domestic product grew at an inflation-adjusted annual rate of 2.7 percent in the third quarter of 1992.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1992        Oct 27, In Oil City, Pennsylvania, Shauna Howe (11) was kidnapped while walking home from a pre-Halloween party. Her battered body was found 3 days later. For every year afterward, the City Council voted to allow trick-or-treating in the afternoon only. In 2004 a witness came forward and police turned to DNA evidence. Two brothers were arrested and convicted of murder and sexual assault. A third man pleaded guilty to murder. In 2008 the city council voted to allow Halloween back to night hours.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
1992        Oct 27, Friends of Queen Elizabeth II staged an elaborate celebration for the 40th anniversary of her ascension to the British throne.
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1993        Oct 27, President Clinton presented a revised version of his health care reform plan to Congress, urging its passage within a year.
    (AP, 10/27/98)
1993        Oct 27, Brush fires raged across Southern California, destroying several hundred homes.
    (AP, 10/27/98)

1994        Oct 27, In the first trip to Syria by an American president in 20 years, Pres. Clinton met with Syrian President Hafez Assad before heading to Jerusalem to meet with Israeli officials.
    (AP, 10/27/99)

1995        Oct 27, The Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park in Washington unveiled an exhibition called Think Tank. The exhibit demonstrated learning and thinking by live animals.
    (NH, 8/96, p.26)
1995        Oct 27, William Kreutzer, US Army sergeant, opened fire on a field of 1300 soldiers at Fort Bragg, NC. He killed a fellow 82nd Airborne soldier, Major Stephen Badger and wounded several others. Defense lawyers in 1996 pleaded that he suffered from depression. He was convicted of pre-meditated murder on 6/11/96. The next day he was sentenced to death. His death sentence was later overturned. In 2009 Kreutzer pleaded guilty under a deal that could get him life in prison at most.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A2)(SFC, 6/12/96, p.A2)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.A2)(AP, 10/27/05)(SFC, 3/12/09, p.A6)
1995        Oct 27, Thousands rallied in Montreal for national unity three days before a referendum on whether Quebec should secede.
    (AP, 10/27/00)
1995        Oct 27, Former South Korean Pres. Roh Tae Woo confessed that he had created and maintained a political slush fund. Prosecutors had accused him of amassing some $492 million in secret accounts.
    (SFC, 8/26/96, p.A11)

1996        Oct 27, U.S. envoy Dennis Ross shuttled between Jerusalem and the Palestinians' Gaza Strip headquarters, trying to finesse a deal to start an overdue Israeli withdrawal from Hebron.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1996        Oct 27, In Bulgaria the anti-communist opposition candidate, Petar Stoyanov, led the elections against Ivan Marazov with 44% vs. 27%.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 27, In Cambodia the king reversed his decision for amnesty after students issued a warning of increased national insecurity.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 27, In Egypt a 12-story apartment building collapsed in Heliopolis, a suburb of Cairo and at least 2 people were killed. The death toll reached 50 and many were still missing. The owner had illegally added the last 5 levels.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A9)(SFC, 10/30/96, p.A8)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)
1996        Oct 27, In Malta the opposition socialist leader, Alfred Sant, won elections that could return his Labor Party back to power after 16 years. His party has opposed the push to join the European Union. He was sworn in as prime minister by Pres. Ugo Mifsud Bonnici, a former minister of the defeated Nationalist Party.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)(SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 27, In Mexico the EPR announced the end of a cease-fire with the federal government.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A9)

1997        Oct 27, The Dow Jones industrial average tumbled 554.26 points, 7.18%, to 7161 forcing the stock market to shut down for the first time since the 1981 assassination attempt on President Reagan.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/27/98)
1997        Oct 27, US released a redesigned $50 bill.
    (www.treas.gov/press/releases/rr2010.htm)
1997        Oct 27, Authorities in Chautauqua County, N.Y., said Nushawn Williams (20), an HIV-positive man who allegedly traded drugs for sex with young women and teens, had infected a number of them with the AIDS virus. Later 48 partners were identified and 13 women and girls tested positive.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.A5)(AP, 10/27/98)
1997        Oct 27, Intel Corp bought the chip manufacturing operations of Digital Equipment for $700 million.
    (www.intel.com/pressroom/archive/releases/CN102797.HTM)
1997        Oct 27, Microsoft argued it should be "free from government interference."
    (www.courttv.com/archive/trials/microsoft/legaldocs/memorandum2.html)
1997        Oct 27, Researchers from the Univ. of Mich. reported that they found a hormone to stimulate the growth of the myelin sheath that surrounds nerves.
    (SFC, 10/28/97, p.A2)
1997        Oct 27, In Algeria some 15,000 supporters of the Socialist Forces Front marched to protest fraud in the elections.
    (SFC, 10/28/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 27, Britain concluded a 54-nation Commonwealth meeting.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 27, British Defense Sec. George Robertson announced that women soldiers would be allowed to serve as engineers and gunners under battle conditions.
    (SFC, 10/28/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 27, In Canada teachers in Ontario walked out in protest against budget cuts.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 27, In the Comoros the island of Anjouan held a referendum to re-unite with France and voters overwhelmingly approved the measure. France refused to accept the results.
    (SFC, 10/28/97, p.A10)(www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107423.html)
1997        Oct 27, In Zambia there was a coup attempt by against Pres. Frederick Chiluba.
    (SFC, 10/28/97, p.A10)

1998        Oct 27, Pres. Clinton signed the Curt Flood Act to override the 1922 Supreme Court ruling that exempted baseball from antitrust laws. The new act revoked the exemption only for labor relations.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A2)
1998        Oct 27, Hurricane Mitch cut through the western Caribbean, pummeling coastal Honduras and Belize; the storm caused several thousand deaths in Central America in the days that followed.
    (AP, 10/27/99)
1998        Oct 27, In Brazil Pres. Cardoso pledged to cut $7 billion from the federal budget next year. The debt roll over was expected to be $333 billion.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 27, In Canada the National Post began operations as a new national daily under the control of media tycoon Conrad Black.
    (WSJ, 10/26/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 27, In England Ian McEwan was awarded the $34,000 Booker prize for his novel “Amsterdam." A funeral brings together the former lovers of a dead woman, two of whom gang up on a third. The work includes a detailed look at the workings of professional music and journalism.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.E3)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)
1998        Oct 27, In Germany Gerhard Schroeder was confirmed as chancellor.
    (WSJ, 10/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 27, Palestinian security forces arrested 2 gunmen in the West Bank who reportedly confessed to the killing of Danny Vargas as well as the murder of another Israeli on Oct 13.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 27, Serb forces drew back from former Kosovo battlefronts, holding off the immediate threat of NATO airstrikes.
    (AP, 10/27/99)

1999        Oct 27, The New York Yankees won their second straight World Series sweep, defeating the Atlanta Braves in game four, 4-to-1.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/27/00)
1999        Oct 27, The Clinton administration authorized the first direct military training for opponents of Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 27, The US federal budget surplus was put at $122.7 billion in 1998, marking the first back-to-back surpluses since the 1950’s.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A6)(AP, 10/27/00)
1999        Oct 27, In the first debate of the Democratic presidential race, Al Gore sought to stem his decline in the polls by attacking rival Bill Bradley’s health care and spending plans.
    (AP, 10/27/00)   
1999        Oct 27, In Afghanistan opposition soldiers advanced on Mazar-e-Sharif following the desertion of a Taliban commander and 500 men.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)
1999        Oct 27, In Armenia gunmen burst into the parliament and killed Prime Minister Vazgen Sarkisian and 7 other officials. They then took a number of hostages and declared their intent to topple the government.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 27, In Chechnya Russian warplanes and artillery closed in on Grozny and 100 people were killed and some 200 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 27, In China members of the Falun Gong continued to descend on Beijing in an effort to press the government to reverse its condemnation.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 27, In Indonesia Marzuki Darusman, the new attorney general, announced a new corruption inquiry into former Pres. Suharto.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)
1999        Oct 27, In Kazakstan a Proton-K booster rocket with a Russian communications satellite crashed during takeoff at the Baikonur cosmodrome and all launches were cancelled. 
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D3)
1999        Oct 27, In Pec, Kosovo, Albanians attacked a convoy of Serbs trying to leave the province and set vehicles afire. Several Serbs were missing.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 27, In Lithuania Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas resigned in protest over the Cabinet’s 11-3 vote in favor of the sale of Mazeikiai Oil to US based Williams Int'l. Williams spent $75 million for a 33% stake and operating control of the gas refinery at Mazeikiai. Williams transferred its interest to a Russian firm.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)(WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A10)(Econ, 1/17/04, p.57)
1999        Oct 27, Serb police seized a large cache of forged dinars and claimed that a US sponsored "monetary coup" was foiled.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A1)

2000        Oct 27, Canadian authorities arrested the men they say masterminded the 1985 bombing of an Air India jumbo jet near Ireland that claimed the lives of all 329 people aboard. The men were acquitted at trial in March 2005.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2000        Oct 27, In China the state media reported that auditors had found over $11 billion in mismanaged funds in government offices and businesses.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 27, In Ivory Coast the bodies of 57 young men were found outside Abidjan. Ouattara claimed the men were members of his Rally of the Republicans party and were killed by paramilitary police. 8 gendarmes were acquitted in 2001 due to lack of evidence.
    (SFEC, 10/29/00, p.A22)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.A10)
2000        Oct 27, Palestinians clashed with Israelis in a “Day of Rage" and 4 were killed with 150 people injured.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 27, In Taiwan Pres. Chen Shui Bian halted construction of a 4th nuclear power plant near Kungliao. The $5.5 bil project was one-third complete.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 27, Pres. Kostunica applied for Yugoslavia’s membership in the United Nations.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)

2001        Oct 27, The Arizona Diamondbacks defeated the New York Yankees in game one of the World Series, 9-1.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2001        Oct 27, In Washington, the search for deadly anthrax widened to thousands of businesses and 30 mail distribution centers.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2001        Oct 27, US warplanes hit frontline Taliban positions in the heaviest attacks to date. 10 people were reported killed from an errant bomb in the village of Ghanikhel in Kapisa province.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 27, Brian Robinson (40) of San Jose became the 1st person to hike the 3 major National Scenic Trails, 7,400 miles in 22 states, in a calendar year when he reached the northern terminus of the 2,168 mile Appalachian Trail atop Maine’s Mount Katahdin. He had already hiked the Pacific Crest Trail, 2,645 miles, and the Continental Divide Trail, 2,588 miles.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A19)(SSFC, 12/2/01, p.E1)
2001        Oct 27, Over 5000 volunteers headed into Afghanistan from Temergarah, Pakistan, to help fight a holy war against the US.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A14)
2001        Oct 27, Ruue Lubbers, the UN refugee chief, said some 150,000 Afghans had crossed into Pakistan in recent weeks.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A8)
2001        Oct 27, Israel called off a planned withdrawal from Palestinian territory citing a handful of shooting attacks.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 27, In Kashmir Islamic rebels fought Indian troops in several areas and at least 21 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A20)
2001        Oct 27, Jamil Qasim Saeed Mohammed (27), a Yemeni microbiology student, was turned over to US authorities in Pakistan. He was said to be an active al Qaeda member and was suspected of involvement in the Oct 12, 2000 bombing of the Cole in Aden.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A13)

2002        Oct 27, The Anaheim Angels beat the SF Giants in the 7th game of the baseball World Series 4-1.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 27, Emmitt Smith broke the NFL career rushing yardage record held by the late Walter Payton.
    (AP, 10/27/03)
2002        Oct 27, The Australian government listed the militant Islamic network Jemaah Islamiyah as a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 27, In Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (57) won elections with 61% of the runoff vote. He reiterated that his administration would honor Brazil's $230 billion foreign debt, but said lending institutions and the international community "must know that we cannot have people suffering from hunger every day."
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 27, A fierce storm pummeled Europe with deadly gale-force winds, killing 34 people and leaving hundreds of thousands without electricity.
    (AP, 10/28/02)(WSJ, 10/29/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 27, In India separatist guerrillas in Assam state killed 22 villagers. Members of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland operated out of bases in Bhutan. The 10-year insurgency has left over 10,000 dead.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 27, Kashmir's new ruling coalition vowed to release political prisoners and probe custodial deaths as a first step to end a separatist revolt.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, A Kosovo mayor was killed with 2 guards by allies of a rival ethnic Albanian party.
    (WSJ, 10/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 27, Kurdish rebels clashed with Turkish soldiers in the mainly Kurdish southeast, leaving an insurgent dead and five soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up as Israeli soldiers were shooting him, killing three people and himself at a gas station just outside Ariel, one of the largest Jewish settlements in the West Bank. The 18 people injured included several soldiers. Hours later, Israeli troops shot and killed two armed Palestinian militants in the nearby Palestinian city of Nablus
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, Polish voters chose mayors directly for the first time since the end of communism in local elections seen as a tests of popularity for the year-old national government.
    (AP, 10/27/02)
2002        Oct 27, In Sicily Mount Etna began spewing thick clouds of ash and magma.
    (AP, 10/28/02)
2002        Oct 27, Togo held parliamentary elections that were boycotted by major opposition parties but contested by 14 smaller groups.
    (AP, 10/27/02)

2003        Oct 27, A new US stamp dedicated to Theodore Geisel (d.1991), creator of Dr. Seuss, was introduced at the Dr. Seuss National Memorial Sculpture Garden in Springfield, Mass.
    (SFC, 10/16/03, p.E13)
2003        Oct 27, Rod Roddy (66), the flamboyantly dressed announcer on the TV game show "The Price is Right" for nearly 20 years, died in LA.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, Walter Edward Washington (88), former Washington, D.C. Mayor died.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2003        Oct 27, Bank of America Corp. said it agreed to buy FleetBoston Financial Corp. for nearly $47 billion in stock, creating the second-largest U.S. bank.
    (AP, 10/27/03)
2003        Oct 27, The southern California fires crossed into Mexico. The death toll climbed to 15 and damages were estimated to top $500 million.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 27, Millions of Muslims across Asia began the fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 10/27/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Brazil the 22nd Socialist International Congress opened. Some 600 delegates from more than 100 political parties met under the 52-year-old Socialist International's motto: "For a more human society. For a world more fair and just."
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Burundi fighting between government soldiers and Hutu rebels has forced more than 5,000 people to flee their homes in the hills surrounding the capital of Bujumbura.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Haiti police raided Raboteau, a slain gang leader's seaside slum, and arrested a dozen of his cronies in retaliation for a police station attack the day before. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, In Iraq suicide car bombers on the 1st day of Ramadan struck the international Red Cross headquarters and three police stations across Baghdad, killing 43 people and wounding at least 224.
    (AP, 10/27/03)(SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Oct 27, Hezbollah guerrillas shelled Israeli positions in southern Lebanon for the first time in two months, wounding an Israeli soldier and triggering Israeli airstrikes and artillery fire.  The Israeli positions were in Chebaa Farms, which Lebanon and Syria say belongs to Lebanon. The UN says the area is Syrian and that Syria and Israel should negotiate its fate. Israel captured the Chebaa Farms area from Syria in the 1967 Middle East war
    (AP, 10/27/03)(AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 27, Prosecutors in the Netherlands said Momir Nikolic (48), a Bosnian Serb captain who admitted participating in the mass killing of more than 7,000 Muslim boys and men in Srebrenica, should serve up to 20 years in prison.  Nikolic accepted that he was on duty when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their corpses loaded onto trucks on July 12, 1995. In 2006 a UN appeals court reduced his 27-year sentence to 20 years.
    (AP, 10/28/03)(AP, 3/8/06)
2003        Oct 27, UN police and NATO-led peacekeepers near Pristina, Serbia, arrested 5 former ethnic Albanian rebels for alleged war crimes in Kosovo.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 27, The weekend arrest of Russia's oil executive Mikhail Khodorkovsky, sparked a plunge in Russian share prices.
    (AP, 10/28/03)

2004        Oct 27, The Boston Red Sox won the World Series over the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in game 4. It was Boston's sixth championship, but the first after 86 years of frustration.
    (AP, 10/28/04)
2004        Oct 27, It was reported that Stefan Jaronski, a Montana researcher, had found that canola oil combined with a fungus can be used to get rid of grasshoppers.
    (USAT, 10/27/04, p.6D)
2005        Oct 27, New York City's subway system marked its 100th anniversary.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Bandleader Lester Lanin died in New York at age 97.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2004        Oct 27-31, Violent clashes in a village in central China killed 7 people and injured 42. Police imposed martial law in Langchenggang, Zhongmou County, in Henan province after the fighting between hundreds of rioters that pitted Muslim Chinese against non-Muslims.
    (AP, 11/1/04)(WSJ, 11/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 27, It was reported that a coalition of small leftist political groups in Chile has sued Pres. Bush and other US government officials for the abuses against prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2004        Oct 27, The Egyptian government approved the creation of a political party headed by a young ambitious lawyer, in only the third time that a new party was authorized there in almost three decades. Al-Ghad became Egypt's 18th party.
    (AFP, 10/27/04)
2004        Oct 27, Nigeria's state-owned news agency reported that an outbreak of measles in a remote Nigerian village had killed a dozen people. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 500,000 deaths from measles every year.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2004        Oct 27, An ailing Yasser Arafat collapsed, was unconscious for about 10 minutes and remained in a serious condition.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2004        Oct 27, In Russia the Kyoto Protocol overcame its final legislative hurdle when the upper house of parliament ratified the global climate pact and sent it on to Pres. Vladimir Putin to sign.
    (AP, 10/27/04)

2005        Oct 27, President Bush abandoned his push to put loyalist Harriet Miers on the Supreme Court and promised a quick replacement. Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination to the Supreme Court after three weeks of brutal criticism from fellow conservatives.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Pres. Bush visited Florida and took a look at the damage from Hurricane Wilma as the death toll rose to 14. Some 2 million homes and businesses were still without power.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.A9)
2005        Oct 27, It was reported that he Pentagon’s DARPA branch had given 15 institutions and companies $9.5 million in grants for research on artificial intelligence in the 1st year of its Biologically-Inspired Cognitive Architecture’s program.
    (SFC, 10/27/05, p.A7)
2005        Oct 27, Tom Noe, a coin dealer already embroiled in an Ohio state government scandal, was charged with funneling $45,400 to other people to contribute to President Bush's re-election campaign in an attempt to skirt a $2,000 limit on individual contributions. In 2006 Noe was sentenced to 2 years and 3 months in prison and fined $136,200 for the illegal contributions. He still faced trial for embezzlement.
    (AP, 10/28/05)(SFC, 9/13/06, p.A4)
2005        Oct 27, US anti-trust lawyers cleared the $16 billion merger of AT&T and SBC Communications as well as the $8.5 billion purchase of MCI by Verizon. SBC said it will adopt the AT&T name.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 27, Exxon Mobil Corp., the world's largest publicly traded oil company, said high oil and natural-gas prices helped its third-quarter profit surge almost 75 percent to $9.92 billion, the largest quarterly profit for a U.S. company ever.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, It was reported that WorldCom reached a $651 million litigation settlement, nearly all of which would be paid by the company’s former investment banks.
    (WSJ, 10/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 27, The 18-month Independent Inquiry Committee under former US Federal Reserve chairman Paul Volcker issued a final 623-page report on corruption in the UN oil-for-food program. It claimed that between 1997 and 2003 the Iraqi government sold $64 billion of oil to 248 companies and bought $34.5 billion worth of humanitarian goods. The report accused more than 2,200 companies from some 40 countries of colluding with Saddam's regime to bilk the humanitarian program in Iraq of $1.8 billion.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.28)(AP, 1/26/08)
2005        Oct 27, In SF Grimes Poznikov (59), the former “Human Jukebox" of Fisherman’s Wharf, died from alcohol poisoning. He was found dead of alcohol poisoning on a sidewalk near Highway 101.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.B5)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A8)
2005        Oct 27, Afghan officials welcomed the extradition of 14 suspected Taliban members from neighboring Pakistan, saying they hoped the move would mark a new era of cooperation.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, A Brazilian congressional panel voted overwhelmingly to submit former presidential aide Jose Dirceu to impeachment proceedings over his alleged involvement in a corruption scandal.
    (AP, 10/28/05)
2005        Oct 27, In Denmark 4 young Muslims were arrested for helping to supply weapons and explosives for a planned terror attack in Europe. They helped two main suspects in Bosnia get hold of weapons and explosives with the aim of committing a terror act. In 2007 a Danish court convicted Abdul Basit Abu-Lifa (17) and sentenced him to 7 years in jail. In 2008 Elias Ibn Hsain was acquitted on charges that he took part.
    (AP, 8/24/06)(AP, 2/16/07)
2005        Oct 27, A team of European students launched SSETI Express, a low-Earth orbiting spacecraft. The Student Space Exploration and Technology Initiative was established by the European Space Agency to boost interest in space science.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.84)
2005        Oct 27, In France teenagers Bouna Traore (15) and Zyed Benna (17) died by electrocution after they scaled the wall of an electrical relay station and touched a transformer in the Paris suburb of Clichy-sous-Bois. Local youths blamed the police for the deaths and exploded in anger. The boys allegedly thought they were being chased by police, but authorities denied that was the case. In 2010 two French police officers faced trial accused of failing to save the lives of two teens. On May 18, 2015, officers Sebastien Gaillemin and Stephanie Klein, accused of "non-assistance to individuals in danger," were cleared of the charges.
    (AP, 10/31/05)(AP, 10/22/10)(AFP, 5/18/15)
2005        Oct 27, In Honk Kong the IPO of China Construction Bank raised $8 billion from foreign investors for a 12% stake. Ahead of the float CCB sold a 9% stake to Bank of America and a 5.1% stake to Temasek, a Singapore investment agency.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.71)
2005        Oct 27, Iran launched its Sina-1 satellite from the Plesetsk launch pad in northern Russia, a major step in the country's long-term ambitions. Sina-1 gave Iran a limited space reconnaissance capability over the entire Middle East, including Israel.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4381436.stm)(AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Oct 27, More than 2,000 companies paid about $1.8 billion in illicit kickbacks and surcharges to Saddam Hussein's government through extensive manipulation of the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq, according to key findings of a UN-backed investigation obtained by The Associated Press.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Some 200 Shiite militiamen loyal to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr clashed with Sunni militants in fighting that killed over 20 people in Medayna, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(AP, 11/7/05)
2005        Oct 27, Israeli troops entered the West Bank town of Jenin and witnesses said they arrested a local leader of Islamic Jihad, pushing forward with an offensive against the Palestinian militant group following a suicide bombing that killed five Israelis.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Israeli forces fired missiles in a Gaza refugee camp after nightfall, killing two people including a leading Islamic Jihad militant.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Latvian lawmakers endorsed a new code of ethics designed to burnish the legislature's reputation that would prohibit deputies swearing and smoking in public.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, The Mexican government announced that former "bracero" guest workers, who labored in the United States between the 1942 and 1964, will get a one-time payment of about $3,500. The aging workers, who have protested for years, described the payment as insulting and said it should be at least $9,175.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(SFC, 10/28/05, p.A22)
2005        Oct 27, In the Netherlands a fire roared through a prison complex at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport, killing 11 illegal immigrants awaiting deportation and injuring 15 other people.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Nigerian security forces said they have detained three of the country's most powerful militant leaders, as part of an apparent crackdown on the separatist forces threatening to tear the country apart.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, The WHO reported that tetanus has killed 22 people and lack of food or shelter could threaten thousands more survivors of Pakistan's massive earthquake.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, South Africa said the G8, the world's richest nations, should allow duty- and quota-free access to all products from poor countries without demanding anything back as part of a deal on global trade.
    (Reuters, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 27, Vietnam issued its 1st overseas government bond. Demand pushed the size from $500 million to $750 million with a yield of 7.125%.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.82)

2006        Oct 27, President Bush said the United States did not torture prisoners, trying to calm a controversy created when Vice President Dick Cheney embraced the suggestion that a "dunk in water" might be useful to get terrorist suspects to talk.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2006        Oct 27, A new US congressional study said Russia surpassed the US in 2005 as the world leader in weapons deals with the developing world.
    (SSFC, 10/29/06, p.A19)
2006        Oct 27, In Missouri the St Louis Cardinals won the World Series by beating the Detroit Tigers 4-2 in game 5, claiming their first MLB crown in 24 years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, The old US Mint in SF held a ceremonial minting of silver coins. A portion of the proceeds of sales from silver dollars and $5 gold pieces will help turn the 132-year-old structure into a history museum.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 27, Raijon Daniels (8) died in Richmond, Ca. His mother, Teresa Marie Moses (23), was arrested on felony charges of torture and child endangerment after the child’s body was found to be covered with chemical and rope burns, sores and other injuries all over his body. In 2009 a judge ruled that Moses was not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)
2006        Oct 27, In Sacramento, Ca., Deputy Jeffrey Mitchell (38) was shot and killed following an early morning traffic stop. A van matching the one he stopped was found that evening in the Consumnes River with 2 dead occupants.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.B2)
2006        Oct 27, In southern Afghanistan a roadside blast ripped through a vehicle, killing 14 villagers and wounding three as they traveled to a provincial capital for holiday celebrations.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Australia gave the green light to the southern hemisphere's largest wind farm, the country's 2nd major project aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions announced this week.
    (AFP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Bangladesh's 5-year coalition between the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and its Islamist allies expired.  PM Begun Khaleda Zia, preparing to hand over power to an interim administration ahead of elections, called for maintaining peace, as thousands of rival political activists clashed in Dhaka.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.49)
2006        Oct 27, In Chile former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was indicted for abuses at Villa Grimaldi, one of his regime's most infamous secret prisons, where President Michelle Bachelet and her mother were once held and mistreated.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, China’s biggest bank, the Industrial & Commercial Bank of China, went public and raised a record $19.1 billion with an option to increase to $21.9 billion. The previous IPO record was in 1998 by NIT DoCoMo for $18.4 billion.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 27, The Czech Republic's center-right Civic Democratic Party won 14 seats and gained a simple majority in runoff elections for parliament's upper chamber.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, Eritrea rejected a UN accusation that its recent movement of troops near the border with Ethiopia represented a "major breach" of a cease-fire agreement between the two countries.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, In Fiji the dysfunctional parliament was dissolved.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.50)
2006        Oct 27, French President Jacques Chirac called for closer ties with China in telecommunications, nuclear power and other fields after Airbus's decision to open a Chinese aircraft assembly line.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, In France 6 police officers suffered minor injuries and 25 people were arrested in scattered violence across the country on the first anniversary of the start of nationwide riots.
    (AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, Xavier Niel (39), one of France's most high-profile Internet entrepreneurs, was handed a suspended jail sentence for embezzling funds from a sex shop that served as a front for prostitution. He was also fined 250,000 euros ($320,000) for embezzling money from the Roxane sex shop in the eastern city of Strasbourg.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Germany's Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung said the military has suspended two soldiers from duty in connection with photos of service members posing with skulls in Afghanistan. Pictures taken in early 2003 showed soldiers posing with a skull on the hood of their vehicle and one soldier holding the skull next to his exposed genitals.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Hundreds of protesters marched peacefully through Haiti's largest slum to demand the withdrawal of UN peacekeepers, accusing the troops of killing civilians during gunbattles with street gangs.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Iraq’s embattled PM Nouri al-Maliki and President Bush in a video conference agreed to expedite the hand-over of full control of Iraq's army to the government as they seek to quell the insurgency and sectarian bloodshed. Iraq a five-day trend toward diminished violence continued. Attacks typically rose during Ramadan, in part because some Muslims believe dying during the holiday bestows additional blessings in the afterlife. The US military announced the death of a Marine in restive Anbar province west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(AP, 10/28/06)
2006        Oct 27, Israeli army raids in the northern West Bank killed 3 Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, The US agreed to return to Japan part of the airspace used by the military near Tokyo, allowing civilian planes to reduce flight times and cut costs. The handover will take place by September 2008 before an expansion at Tokyo's Haneda airport.
    (AFP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, It was reported that a new mobile phone in Japan can recognize its owner. The P903i from NTT DoCoMo automatically locks when the person gets too far away from it and can be found via satellite navigation if it goes missing.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, In Oaxaca, Mexico, Bradley Roland Will (36), a US journalist and two Mexican men were shot to death. The clashes occurred as leftist protesters barricaded streets as part of a five-month-old campaign to oust the governor. In 2008 two supporters of a protest movement in southern Mexico were arrested for the fatal shooting of the US journalist. Officials said Juan Manuel Martinez, was the gunman, and Octavio Perez was an accomplice who helped cover up the crime. Eight other alleged accomplices were still sought. In 2010 Juan Martinez Moreno was cleared by a federal court.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.48)(AP, 10/18/08)(AP, 2/17/10)
2006        Oct 27, Ghulam Ishaq Khan (91), who became Pakistan's president in 1988 after the death of his predecessor in a plane crash, died following a bout of pneumonia.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, Swiss officials said authorities have found enough evidence to seek a full investigation into allegations the CIA was trying to obtain personal details of about 500 labor union members, most of them Arabs.
    (AP, 10/27/06)
2006        Oct 27, The UN said it is sending a mission to Chad and the Central African Republic to look at operations to curb the escalating violence and help protect hundreds of thousands of civilians.
    (AP, 10/28/06)

2007        Oct 27,     The Bush administration and NY state cut a deal to create a new generation of super-secure driver’s licenses, which would also allow illegal immigrants to get a version.
    (SSFC, 10/28/07, p.A6)
2007        Oct 27,     In San Francisco thousands of people called for a swift end to the war in Iraq as they marched through downtown, chanting and carrying signs that read: "Wall Street Gets Rich, Iraqis and GIs Die" or "Drop Tuition Not Bombs."
    (AP, 10/28/07)
2007        Oct 27, Despite significant dissent among some of its workers, United Auto Workers members narrowly passed a four-year contract agreement with Chrysler LLC.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2007        Oct 27, A suicide bomber wearing an Afghan security uniform detonated his explosives at the entrance to a combined US-Afghan base, killing four Afghan soldiers and a civilian. In Helmand province Taliban militants killed three Afghan police who had been trying to prevent them from carrying out a kidnapping. The militants successfully kidnapped an Afghan man during the gunbattle. US-led coalition forces killed about 80 Taliban fighters during a six-hour battle outside a Taliban-controlled town near Musa Qala in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/27/07)(AP, 10/28/07)(SSFC, 10/28/07, p.A16)
2007        Oct 27, Algerian security sources said the army killed 17 Islamist rebels during security operations in the east of the country over three days this week.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 27, Mai Mai militia leader and army deserter Kibamba Kasereka said he had surrendered to the UN peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo's restive Nord-Kivu province, agreeing to calls to disarm his forces.
    (AFP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 27, Queues of frustrated, angry passengers built up at main French airports as Air France cancelled scores of flights on the third day of a strike by cabin staff.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 27, In eastern India Naxalite rebels opened fire on a crowd of revelers at a festival, killing a politician's son and 17 other people in Jharkhand state.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 27, Iraqi troops found 17 decomposed bodies of unidentified men near the restive city of Baquba in a grim reminder of sustained sectarian bloodletting, as 12 other people were killed in the country. Gunmen wearing military uniforms abducted the police chief of the town of Muqdadiyah in Diyala and his seven bodyguards. In Basra a local elections official was gunned down in front of his house. US forces seized a Shiite fighter and shot dead two others, accusing them of ignoring cleric Moqtada al-Sadr's order to freeze militia's activities.
    (AFP, 10/27/07)(AP, 10/28/07)
2007        Oct 27, In Somalia insurgents and government-allied forces battled with machine guns, mortars and rocket-propelled grenades in the heaviest fighting to hit Mogadishu for months, leaving at least seven people dead and dozens others wounded.
    (AP, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 27, An official of the Vietnamese embassy to South Africa was shot and seriously injured in a robbery at his Pretoria residence.
    (AFP, 10/28/07)
2007        Oct 27, Sudan's government and some rebel groups began talks in Libya to end 4-1/2 years of conflict in Darfur. Sudan's government committed to a cease-fire in Darfur, but mediators and journalists outnumbered the few rebels who did not boycott the UN-sponsored negotiations, reducing hopes for an end to the fighting. According to 2 rebel factions Sudan’s government attacked the Jabel Moun area along the Chad-Sudan border.
    (Reuters, 10/27/07)(AP, 10/28/07)(Reuters, 10/29/07)

2008        Oct 27, A Washington DC jury found Alaska’s Sen. Stevens guilty on seven counts of trying to hide more than $250,000 in free home renovations and other gifts from a wealthy oil contractor. Stevens, who first entered the Senate in 1968, faced Alaska's voters in upcoming elections as a convicted felon. On April 1, 2009, the US Justice Dept. dropped charges against Stevens, saying prosecutors’ mistakes forced the move.
    (AP, 10/28/08)(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A1)
2008        Oct 27, An FBI spokesman said 642 arrests in 29 cities were made last week during a 3-day sting operation, Operation Cross Country II, focusing on people who forced teens into prostitution. 100 adults were arrested in the SF Bay Area.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.B1)
2008        Oct 27, A US officials announced that Francisco Celaya Carrilo, a Mexican immigration officer, had been caught in Arizona with 170 pounds of marijuana.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A11)
2008        Oct 27, The DJIA fell 203 to 8,175.77, a 5½ year low.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Oct 27,  In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a police uniform blew himself up inside a police station, killing 2 American soldiers and 2 Afghans in Baghlan province. The Taliban claimed responsibility. Insurgents downed a US helicopter in Wardak province. Crew members survived and were rescued.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A8)(AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        Oct 27, Thousands of civilians threw rocks at four UN offices in eastern Congo, venting outrage at the organization's inability to protect them from rebel forces advancing on the provincial capital of Goma.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 27, In Ethiopia 19 people were killed when the bus they were traveling in hit a wall after its wheels snapped off some 200 kilometers (124 miles) south of Addis Ababa. Turbo Tumo, who represented Ethiopia at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, was among those killed.
    (AFP, 10/29/08)
2008        Oct 27, Georgia's Pres. Saakashvili dismissed PM Vladimir Gurgenizde and recommended Grigol Mgaloblishvili (35), the country's ambassador to Turkey, as his replacement. Saakashvili said Gurgenizde would now head a government finance commission.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 27, In Iraq US forces killed 5 assailants in the eastern district of New Baghdad. A roadside bomb exploded later in the same district killing 3 civilians. A car bomb in Baghdad killed a doctor and his friend. A car bomb in Tuz Khormato killed an Iraqi soldier.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A8)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A8)
2008        Oct 27, Mexican prosecutors said a major drug cartel has infiltrated the Mexican attorney general's office and may have paid a spy inside the US Embassy for details of DEA operations. 5 officials of the attorney general’s organized crime unit were arrested on allegations they served as informants for the Beltran-Leyva Cartel.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A11)
2008        Oct 27, A West African court ordered Niger to pay compensation to Hadijatou Mani (24), who was sold into slavery at age 12 and held for a decade. She had been forced to work as a domestic servant and a sexual slave until 2005.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 27, It was reported that a new study, released last week, has found dangerous levels of toxic metals in produce grown on Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, formerly used as a Navy bombing range, despite US government claims that the soil there is safe.
    (AP, 10/27/08)
2008        Oct 27, In Somalia Aisha Ibrahim Duhulow, a 13-year-old girl who said she had been raped, was stoned to death in Kismayo after being accused of adultery by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 11/1/08)
2008        Oct 27, In central Sudan kidnappers killed 4 Chinese oil workers out of nine they had been holding hostage for more than a week. A local leader in troubled South Kordofan state, where the hostages were abducted and killed, said the Chinese died as a result of fighting between the Sudanese army and the kidnappers. The next day 3 bodies and 3 wounded were flown to Khartoum. A 4th body was found on Oct 29. The last 2 were reported found Oct 31, one alive and one dead.
    (AFP, 10/28/08)(AFP, 10/29/08)(AP, 10/29/08)(Reuters, 10/31/08)
2008        Oct 27, Leaders of a Southern African bloc gathered in Zimbabwe to press President Robert Mugabe and the main opposition leader to break an impasse on forming a unity government.
    (AP, 10/27/08)

2009        Oct 27, President Barack Obama formally renewed US sanctions on Sudan under his new strategy of keeping up pressure while offering incentives to the Khartoum government. Robert Cabelly (61), a former State Department employee and US lobbyist, was charged with violating Sudanese sanctions regulations, acting as an unregistered agent of a foreign power, money laundering, passport fraud and making false statements.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, The NY Times reported that the brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai has been getting regular payments from the Central Intelligence Agency. The paper said Ahmed Wali Karzai is a suspected player in Afghanistan's opium trade and has been paid by the CIA over the past eight years for services that included helping to recruit an Afghan paramilitary force that operates at the CIA's direction in and around the southern city of Kandahar. Ahmed Wali Karzai denied reports that he has received regular payments from the CIA for much of the past eight years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Stanko Grmovsek (40) a Canadian man, pleaded guilty to US and Canadian criminal charges stemming from a 14-year insider trading scheme, a day after his alleged accomplice, Bay Street lawyer Gil Cornblum, apparently committed suicide.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Four months after Michael Jackson's death, red carpets were rolled out for 18 simultaneous screenings on five continents for "This Is It," culled from more than 100 hours of footage taken from rehearsals for the pop icon's comeback.
    (AFP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Authorities indefinitely closed the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge after a rod and a metal brace erected last month during an emergency repair job fell onto the bridge's westbound lanes, startling a pair of drivers who collided with the debris and leaving hundreds of others stranded in their cars during the evening commute. Over 5,000 pounds of metal crashed down onto traffic, totaling a couple of cars but leaving the drivers largely unscathed. The bridge remained closed thru the weekend.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 27, Prof. August Coppola, creator of the San Francisco Exploratorium’s Tactile Dome, died in Los Angeles. Coppola, a former trustee of the California State Univ. system, cofounded CSU’s Summer Arts Program in 1985, and was instrumental in pushing the SF Board of Education in 1992 for a High School of the Arts.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.C7)
2009        Oct 27, In Afghanistan 8 US troops died in "multiple, complex" bomb attacks in the south. One Afghan civilian was also killed, and several other troops were wounded and taken to a nearby medical facility.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Algeria and Britain signed a new defense agreement. An embassy spokeswoman said "This outline agreement aims to regularize cooperation between the two countries in defense matters, particularly the training of Algerian officers in Great Britain."
    (AFP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, A jury in the British Virgin Islands convicted dive shop owner David Swain of drowning his wife, Shelley Tyre (46) during a 1999 scuba-diving trip in what prosecutors called a near perfect murder. Authorities charged Swain with murder after a 2006 civil trial in Rhode Island found him responsible for his wife's death. That jury awarded Tyre's family $3.5 million, but Swain filed for bankruptcy and has not paid the sum. On Nov 10 a judge sentenced Swain to 25 years in jail. In 2011 Swain walked free after judges with the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court of Appeal found problems with the jury instructions during the 2009 trial.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 11/10/09)(AP, 9/29/11)
2009        Oct 27, In Canada 2 coyotes attacked and killed Taylor Mitchell (19), a singer-songwriter from Toronto, as she hiked alone in Cape Breton Highlands National Park in Nova Scotia.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 27, A Paris court convicted the French branch of the Church of Scientology of fraud and fined it more than euro600,000 ($900,000), but stopped short of banning the group as prosecutors had demanded.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 27, In Greece gunmen on a motorcycle fired on a suburban Athens police station with automatic weapons, wounding six police officers.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Greek authorities said 3 adults and 5 children drowned in the eastern Aegean Sea when a small boat carrying 17 illegal immigrants from Afghanistan hit rocks near the shore and sank.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, US-based Human Rights Watch said the Sept. 28 massacre by Guinean troops of at least 150 people and the rapes of dozens of women at a pro-democracy rally in Guinea were premeditated, and that rapes of kidnapped women continued for days.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Iran’s state television says Iran will agree to the "general framework" of a UN-drafted plan to ship enriched uranium out of the country for processing, but will seek "important changes" in the deal.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Amnesty International issued a report accusing Israel of pumping disproportionate amounts of drinking water from the Mountain Aquifer it controls in the West Bank, depriving local Palestinians of their fair share.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, An Italian appeals court upheld the conviction of British lawyer David Mills for accepting a bribe to lie in court to protect Silvio Berlusconi. A lower court found Mills guilty of corruption in May and sentenced him to 4 1/2 years. In 2010 Italy’s highest court overturned a guilty verdict against Mills, ruling that the stature of limitations had expired.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(SFC, 2/26/10, p.A2)
2009        Oct 27, The Japanese destroyer JS Kurama collided with the South Korean container ship Carina Star in the Kanmon Strait near the southern main island of Kyushu and both were engulfed in flames.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Lebanon-based militants launched a rocket into northern Israel hitting near the Israeli town of Kiryat Shemona. The attack drew a rapid response from Israeli artillery, which shelled the launch area. No casualties were reported on either side.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, A Lithuanian lawmaker said there is no evidence that US airplanes with al-Qaida suspects ever landed in the Baltic country. A recent report by ABC News claimed the CIA had a secret prison in Vilnius from September 2004 through November 2005.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Mexican police arrested Abel Valadez Oribe (32), who they say headed the operations of the "La Familia" drug cartel in the western state of Michoacan. Police found dismembered remains of a man in plastic bags by the side of a road in Uruapan, another city in Michoacan. In Tijuana a teenage girl (15) was killed by a stray bullet during a shootout between police and gunmen. Reporters in Tijuana were invited by military officials to a private, industrial property about 100 feet south of San Diego's Otay Mesa border crossing where Mexican soldiers discovered a secret tunnel complete with electricity and an air supply that may have been planned for smuggling migrants or drugs under the US border into San Diego. 4 police officers were killed by assailants who opened fired on them during a traffic stop in the central Mexico city of Puebla.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, At The Hague Radovan Karadzic boycotted his UN trial for a second day while prosecutors began outlining their genocide case against the former Bosnian Serb leader.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, In Nigeria the 78-year-old father of ex-Central Bank of Nigeria governor Charles Soludo was seized from his home. He was released on Nov 4. Soludo, who left office in June, was last month controversially nominated candidate for the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP) for upcoming state governorship elections. Aggrieved aspirants contested the nomination in the courts.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Oct 27, Pakistan's army pushed deeper into a Taliban sanctuary close to the Afghan border, claiming to have killed 42 militants in the latest stage of an offensive against extremists blamed for relentless attacks in recent weeks. Authorities announced the arrest of the alleged mastermind behind two recent bombings in the main northwest city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, A UN official said more than 300,000 children under the age of five die of preventable diseases each year in Sudan, almost a third of them before they reach the age of one month.
    (AFP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Zimbabwe's PM Morgan Tsvangirai and ministers drawn from his MDC party boycotted a cabinet meeting led by Pres. Mugabe for the second time in as many weeks. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) confirmed that it will be sending its politics, defense and security body on a fact-finding mission to Harare. The bloc mediated the unity pact that underpins the government.
    (AFP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez said two Colombian spies have been captured and will go on trail for conducting espionage within his country. Colombia's security agency denied sending any agents into Venezuela.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2010        Oct 27, US officials said the Obama administration has granted a waiver allowing Chad, CongoDRC, Sudan and Yemen to continue receiving US military aid despite their use of child soldiers. Officials said cutting off aid would do more damage than good.
    (SFC, 10/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 27, Farooque Ahmed, a Pakistani-born Virginia man, was arrested and charged with trying to help people posing as Al-Qaida operatives to bomb Washington-area subway stations. The plot was a bombing ruse by the FBI who monitored his activities the whole time. On April 11, 2011, Ahmed pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 23 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/28/10, p.A8)(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A4)
2010        Oct 27, The SF Giants battered the Texas Rangers 11-7 in Game 1 of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 27, Elon Musk officially unveiled a new Tesla sign for the former Nummi plant in Fremont, Ca., where the new electric Tesla cars will be manufactured.
    (SFC, 10/28/10, p.A11)
2010        Oct 27, BrightSource Energy of Oakland, Ca., broke ground on its Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System in the Mohave Desert. Plant operator NRG Energy Inc. agreed to invest $300 million into the $2 billion project. On April 11, 2011, BrightSource finalized $1.6 billion in loans for the project.
    (SFC, 10/28/10, p.D1)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.69)
2010        Oct 27, In San Diego, Ca., police officer Christopher Wilson (50) was fatally shot as officers tried to serve warrants on Holim Lee (30). Hours later Lee was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. His girlfriend, Lucky Xayasene (27) was also fatally shot. Wilson died of his wounds the next day.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A6)
2010        Oct 27, In Michigan police Raymond R. Bush (38) and Taylor E. Manley, a 15-year-old girl he knew, dead in a van in a cemetery, hours after the man was to appear in court on charges alleging he sexually assaulted the girl.
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 27, Lisa Blount (53), actress and Oscar-winning filmmaker, was found dead in her home in Little Rock, Ark. Blount received a Golden Globe nomination for her supporting turn as the best friend of Debra Winger's character in "An Officer and a Gentleman" (1982). Her other credits included "Prince of Darkness" (1987) and "Great Balls of Fire!" (1989).
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 27, Actress Denise Borino-Quinn (46), who unexpectedly won a TV role as a mafia wife on "The Sopranos," died of liver cancer in New Jersey.
    (AP, 10/30/10)
2010        Oct 27, Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden threatens in a new audio tape to kill French citizens to avenge their country's support for the US-led war in Afghanistan and a new law that will ban face-covering Muslim veils.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, President Karzai said Afghanistan will extend a deadline for private security firms to disband through early next year in a face-saving compromise that could preserve foreign reconstruction projects worth billions of dollars.  A roof collapsed at an Afghan wedding party, killing more than 40 women and children in Warchi village of Jalga district of Baghlan province. The international military coalition said nine insurgents were killed in a battle in the southern province.
    (AP, 10/27/10)(AFP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Nestor Kirchner (60), former Argentine President (2003-2007) and the husband of current leader Cristina Fernandez, died after suffering from heart trouble.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Croatian PM Jadranka Kosor survived a no-confidence vote in Parliament, with the opposition complaining about Croatia's economic decline and corruption in the upper echelons of her party. Parliament voted 79 to 62 in Kosor's support, 15 votes short of what was needed to oust her in the 151-seat chamber.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, The French Parliament passed Pres. Sarkozy’s pension bill raising the minimum retirement age to 62 from 60, and the full-pension age to 67 from 65. Most French oil refineries were set to start outbound deliveries of fuel as work stoppages ended at two plants, further easing a strike movement that has led to pump shortages across France.
    (Reuters, 10/27/10)(SFC, 10/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 27, In Indonesia helicopters with emergency supplies finally landed on the remote islands slammed by a tsunami that killed over 400 people. Elsewhere in the archipelago the toll from a volcanic eruption rose to 30, including the mountain's spiritual caretaker.
    (AP, 10/26/10)(AP, 10/29/10)
2010        Oct 27, In Iraq a bomb blast near a Sunni religious organization in Baghdad killed two security guards. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a bomb hidden in a pickup truck exploded, killing the driver and injuring three passers-by.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Japan offered $2 billion in aid to help developing nations reach species-preserving goals that are being debated at a UN conference, a move that could jolt the stalled talks forward.
    (AP, 10/27/10) 
2010        Oct 27, Jewish settlers said Israel's defense minister is holding up construction on 4,300 apartments that could be built immediately in the West Bank. Dozens of Jewish extremists hoisting Israeli flags defiantly marched through the Arab-Israeli town of Umm el-Fahm, chanting "death to terrorists" and touching off clashes between rock-hurling residents and police who quelled them with tear gas. An Israeli court convicted Amir Makhoul, a prominent Arab-Israeli activist, of spying for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah in a plea bargain that will send him to prison for up to 10 years.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Kenya's foreign minister Moses Wetangula said he is resigning to allow investigations into allegations of a multimillion dollar scandal involving five Kenyan embassies in Africa, Europe and Asia.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, In Mexico gunmen killed 15 people at a car wash in Tepic, Nayarit state, where drug-gang violence has risen this year. It was the third massacre in Mexico in less than a week. A Chihuahua state police officer was killed in his Ciudad Juarez home.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Scientists said a new type of snub-nosed monkey has been found in a remote forested region of northern Myanmar, which is under threat from logging and a Chinese dam project.
    (Reuters, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Nigerian officials allowed journalists to see the 107 mm rockets, rifle rounds and other weapons seized at Apapa Port. Authorities said the shipment also contained grenades, explosives, mortars and possibly rocket launchers. However, journalists visiting the holding yard just inside of the port's main gate did not see those weapons. the manifest for the weapons described the shipment as "packages of glasswool and pallets of stone." The next day customs officials said the shipment of 13 containers came from a ship that had just left India and investigators continued to trace the weapons' origins.
    (AP, 10/27/10)(AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 27, In Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles at a house and a vehicle in a militant-infested area of North Waziristan, killing seven people. A bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded as a member of a militia drove up to a market in the village of Qamberkhel in the Khyber tribal region, wounding the militiaman and five other people in the vehicle. A bomb apparently targeting a police patrol in Baluchistan province killed two civilians and wounded 9 other people, including four police officers.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Romania government survived a no-confidence, as some 30,000 people demonstrated in Bucharest against the nation's wage cuts and austerity measures.
    (AP, 10/27/10)(SFC, 10/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 27, In Somalia al-Shabab executed two girls by firing squad for spying for government soldiers. Ayan Mohamed Jama (18) and Huriyo Ibrahim (15) were brought before hundreds of residents. Ten masked men opened fire on the girls, who were blindfolded, soon after the sentencing.
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2010        Oct 27, South Korea's Red Cross said North Korea is demanding that South Korea resume large-scale food aid and joint economic projects in return for regular reunions of family members separated by the Korean War more than a half century ago.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, Thailand authorities said heavy downpours that caused rivers to burst have killed 57 people in nearly two weeks of flooding.
    (AP, 10/27/10) 
2010        Oct 27, UAR Sheik Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (b.1918), a ruler of Ras the al Khaimah emirate and one of the world's longest-reigning monarchs, died.
    (AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 27, A Yemeni court charged Sharif Mobley (26), an American of Somali descent, with the murder of a Yemeni soldier and the wounding of another during a failed escape attempt. He had been arrested for suspected al-Qaida ties.
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2011        Oct 27, The US Treasury Department announced it is imposing sanctions on Martin Guadencio Avendano (42), the owner of a Mexican racetrack and car dealership, along with his two brothers, for alleged involvement with the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Illinois John L. Wilson, Jr (38), stabbed Kelli O’Laughlin (14), and fled with a bowl of foreign coins, the girl’s Ipod Touch, and her cell phone. She had walked in on Wilson, who had broken into her family’s home in Indian Head Park, Cook County. Wilson’s arrest was announced on Nov 4.
    (ABCNews, 11/4/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Indiana 7 of 10 people in a minivan full of relatives were killed when their vehicle hit a deer and then was slammed from behind by a semitrailer about 10 miles east of South Bend. Burials were planned in their home country of Ecuador.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/30/11, p.A11)
2011        Oct 27, In Oakland, Ca., Occupy Oakland protesters moved to reclaim the Frank Ogawa Plaza outside City Hall following the police raid on Oct 25.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A15)
2011        Oct 27, Levy Izhak Rosenbaum of New York admitted in federal court in Trenton, NJ, that he had brokered 3 illegal kidney transplants for New Jersey customers in exchange for payments of $120,000 or more. Experts said this was the first US case of black-market organ trafficking in the US.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A9)
2011        Oct 27, In Oregon the last ton of mustard gas at Umatilla was incinerated leaving the US with just 3 of 9 original chemical weapons storage sites, the last of which is scheduled for full disposal by 2023.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A12)
2011        Oct 27, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a US-run civilian and military base with rocket-propelled grenades and guns in a brazen early afternoon assault in Kandahar city. Two attackers were killed. Earlier in the day, a 13-year-old girl died from injuries sustained after her family's home was struck by an insurgent's missile in Kandahar province's Zhari district. A suicide attacker in a car struck a NATO convoy. At least one civilian was killed in the blast in Kandahar’s Panjwai district. An Afghan policeman was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Farah province.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Brazil Indian rights activists said hundreds of people have peacefully occupied the construction site of the $11 billion Belo Monte hydroelectric dam in Para state.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, China’s state media said hundreds of angry home buyers have launched a series of protests in the commercial hub of Shanghai this week, as owners decried falling prices for their properties.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Egypt Ilan Grapel (27), an Israeli held by Egypt since June 12 on espionage charges, was freed in exchange for 25 Egyptian citizens, mostly Bedouin residents of Sinai charged with smuggling.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 27, Five Arab Spring activists won the European parliament's Sakharov prize awarded to campaigners for freedom. They include Mohamed Bouazizi of Tunisia, awarded posthumously, Egyptian militant Asmaa Mahfouz, Libyan dissident Ahmed al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, Syrian lawyer Razan Zeitouneh and Syrian cartoonist Ali Farzat.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, France's nuclear monitor said that the amount of cesium 137 that leaked into the Pacific from the Fukushima disaster was the greatest single nuclear contamination of the sea ever seen.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, A German court in Cologne sentenced art forger Wolfgang Beltracchi (60) to 6 years in jail for painting 14 works, which were sold as masterpieces for at least $14 million. His three accomplices received a total of 9 years in jail. The court dropped investigations into at least 40 more suspected fakes because of statutes of limitations.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A2)(SFC, 11/10/11, p.A8)
2011        Oct 27, In Iraq two blasts, which took place at a music store in a Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killed at least 32 people and wounded 71 others. Among the dead were 8 security officers, including an army lieutenant colonel, 4 women and at least 8 children.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Israeli police said vandals have cut down 20 olive trees belonging to a Palestinian family in Jerusalem, with a note at the scene implying it might have been a Jewish extremist act against Arabs.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Italian soldiers and civilian rescue workers battled knee-deep mud as they searched for survivors after flash floods and mudslides inundated picturesque villages around coastal areas of Liguria and Tuscany. At least 9 people died and 6 others were missing.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Pope Benedict XVI joined Buddhist monks, Islamic scholars, Yoruba leaders and a handful of agnostics in Assisi making a communal call for peace, insisting that religion must never be used as a pretext for war or terrorism. The event commemorated the 25th anniversary of a daylong prayer for peace here called by Pope John Paul II in 1986.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Kenyan troops clashed heavily with Shebab fighters in southern Somalia, the latest battle since an unprecedented military incursion 12 days ago, while four people were killed in a rocket attack in northern Kenya.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Pakistani officials said two US drone strikes killed at least 10 militants in Waziristan, including the brother of a local Taliban commander who sends fighters across the border to fight Americans in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Saudi Arabia's powerful interior minister, Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz (78), was named the new heir to the throne in a royal decree read out on state television.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Senegal 2 people were killed and 22 injured in the village of Fanaye, where people attacked each other with sticks and machetes in a dispute over the project which will see 20,000 hectares given to an Italian investor to cultivate sweet potatoes for the production of biofuels.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Senegal Paul Nsapu, secretary-general of International Federation for Human Rights, was detained at Dakar's airport upon arrival. FIDH said he was detained to prevent him from speaking at a press conference for the annual report of the protection of human rights.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Young South Africans, led by Julius Malema, brought their frustration over poverty and joblessness to the streets, responding to a call by the tough-talking youth leader of the governing ANC who has clashed with older party leaders over economic policy.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Sri Lanka Mohamed Niyas, a Muslim astrologer, was taken away in a white van by a group of gun-toting men. His brutalized body was found 3 weeks later.
    (www.humanrights.asia/news/ahrc-news/AHRC-STM-202-2011)
2011        Oct 27, Tens of thousands of Syrians held a mass rally in Latakia in support of embattled President Bashar Assad, but the regime's crackdown on dissent continued in opposition areas as security forces killed at least four people. Oil Minister Sufian Allaw acknowledged Damascus was having difficulty selling its oil after the European Union banned oil imports from Syria. Syrian troops were seen planting mines along a region bordering northern Lebanon in a bid to stem weapons smuggling.
    (AP, 10/27/11)(AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Thailand thousands of Bangkok residents flocked to bus, rail and air terminals while heavy traffic snaked out of the sprawling Thai capital in an exodus from a mass of approaching floodwater. By month’s end the flooding left more than 381 people dead and millions of homes and livelihoods damaged.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)(SFC, 10/31/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 27, Uruguay's Congress approved a measure revoking amnesty for officials charged with human rights abuses during a period of military dictatorship. Uruguay's Supreme Court will decide whether lifting the amnesty is constitutional.
    (AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, Venezuelan lawmakers approved measures that expand rent controls and require landlords to offer to sell their properties to any renters who have been living in a home for more than 20 years.
    (AP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, Yemeni security forces heavily deployed in Sanaa allowed a massive anti-regime rally to cross the capital without intervening, for the first time since January.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)

2012        Oct 27, Rafael Prieto (48), a senior US secret service agent, committed suicide. This was in the wake of an embarrassing prostitution scandal in April involving 13 agents and officers during a presidential trip to Colombia. For nearly six years the married father had kept his extramarital affair with a Mexican woman a secret from the agency.
    (www.cnn.com/2012/11/01/us/secret-service-agent-death/index.html)
2012        Oct 27, William Harsh, California painter, died at his home in Benicia.
    (SFC, 11/10/12, p.E2)(http://tinyurl.com/bkxccly)
2012        Oct 27, Ecuador’s Pres. Rafael Correa announced plans to give a bigger share of bank profits to the country's poor. Under his plan, taxes would go up on bank holdings abroad and an excise tax on financial services would increase, with the proceeds used to increase lump-sum payments for single mothers, the elderly poor and other needy Ecuadoreans.
    (AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 27, In France several hundred striking Air France workers, protesting a restructure plan to cut 10% of the work force, clashed with police at Paris’ Roissy-Charles de Gaulle airport.
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.A3)
2012        Oct 27, In Greece Costas Vaxevanis, publisher of Hot Doc magazine, printed a list of 2,059 Greek depositors at a bank in Switzerland. The list, dating from 2007, was allegedly given to the Greek government by French officials in 2010. Vaxevanis was arrested, faced trial and was acquitted. On Oct 8, 2013, he appeared in court again to stand trial again for violating privacy laws.
    (SFC, 10/29/12, p.A2)(Econ, 11/3/12, p.54)(Reuters, 10/8/13)
2012        Oct 27, Indonesia's anti-terror squad arrested 11 people over the last 24 hours suspected of planning a range of attacks on domestic and foreign targets including the US and Australian embassies. The suspects belonged to a new group called the Sunni Movement for Indonesian Society, or HASMI.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 27, An Indonesia conservationist said that and orangutan, recently shot with an air rifle, has been rescued in the Indonesian part of Borneo. Rescuers worked to remove 104 pellets from her body. In 2011 conservationists found that villagers living on the Indonesian side of Borneo killed at least 750 endangered orangutans in a year, some to protect crops from being raided and others for their meat.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 27, In Iraq a bombing near playing children and other insurgent strikes killed 40 people, challenging government efforts to promote a sense of stability by preventing attacks during a major Muslim holiday.
    (AP, 10/27/12)(AP, 10/28/12)
2012        Oct 27, Several Russian opposition leaders were detained in Moscow while protesting what they say was the torture of a fellow activist.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 27, Mikhail Prokhorov, the billionaire New Jersey Nets owner and former Russian presidential candidate, said he's leaving business to focus full-time on politics, returning to the political arena after remaining silent through a five-month Kremlin crackdown on the opposition.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 27, South African police fired rubber bullets at striking miners at the Anglo American Platinum mine in Rustenburg as the company announced it had agreed to reinstate 12,000 South African workers dismissed earlier this month for staging illegal strikes. Some of the miners had vowed not to return to work until their wage demands were met.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 27, Sri Lanka authorities arrested 14 people accused of hijacking a fishing boat and throwing its crew into the sea. Two fishermen were rescued by other ships. 3 other crew members have not been found.
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.A3)
2012        Oct 27, Syrian warplanes bombed a building in a suburb of the capital Damascus in the first airstrike since an internationally mediated cease-fire went into effect. 8 people were reported killed and many others wounded in the airstrike in Arbeen.
    (AP, 10/27/12)

2013        Oct 27, Leonard Herzenberg (80), a Stanford geneticist, died at Stanford Univ. Hospital. He won Japan’s Kyoto Prize in 2006 for his invention of a cell sorter instrument, the fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS).
    (SFC, 11/15/13, p.D3)
2013        Oct 27, Lou Reed (b.1942), rock guitarist and singer, died in Southampton, NY. He formed and led the Velvet Underground from 1965-1970. His songs included “Walk on the Wild Side." He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.
    (SFC, 10/28/13, p.A10)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.98)
2013        Oct 27, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 18 people, mostly women, who were travelling to a wedding party by minibus.
    (Reuters, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, Argentine held midterm elections. President Cristina Kirchner's Front for Victory (FPV) won 33% of the vote for the lower house of Congress and narrowly retained a majority in both houses.
    (AFP, 10/28/13)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.40)
2013        Oct 27, In Bangladesh police and backers of the ruling party clashed with opposition supporters, leaving at least 5 people dead and scores injured in different parts of the country as opposition parties tried to enforce a three-day nationwide general strike.
    (AP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, The Congolese army said it had recaptured two more towns and was heading for the rebel stronghold of Rutshuru in a third day of fighting. A Tanzanian officer with UN forces operating alongside government troops was killed in fighting with rebels.
    (Reuters, 10/27/13)(AFP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, Dubai opened passenger operations at its second airport, Al-Maktoum International, touted to be the world's largest once it is completed.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, Georgia voted for a new president in an election that will bring the curtain down on Mikheil Saakashvili's decade-long rule but is unlikely to end political uncertainty in the former Soviet republic. Former university rector Giorgi Margvelashvili won 62% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 10/27/13)(AP, 10/28/13)
2013        Oct 27, In India a series of small bomb blasts killed 6 people and injured dozens in Patna, Bihar state, just before a speech by Narendra Modi of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party at a campaign rally. Investigators believed the Indian Mujahedeen, an outlawed Islamic group, was responsible.
    (AP, 10/27/13)(AFP, 10/28/13)(SFC, 10/29/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 27, In Iraq a new wave of car bombs hit Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad and a suicide bomber targeted soldiers in Mosul in attacks that killed at least 66 across the country.
    (AP, 10/27/13)(SFC, 10/28/13, p.A3)
2013        Oct 27, Japan's PM Shinzo Abe warned China against forcibly changing the regional balance of power, as reports said Tokyo had scrambled fighter jets in response to Chinese military aircraft flying near Okinawa.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, In Mexico 5 men were killed and power was cut to hundreds of thousands following clashes between vigilantes and the Knights Templar drug cartel in Michoacan state.
    (SFC, 10/29/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 27, Police in the Philippines said at least 22 candidates and political supporters have been killed in election-related violence over the last month. Balloting was set to begin on Oct 28.
    (SFC, 10/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 27, In Romania thousands of ethnic Hungarians held rallies in 14 communities of Transylvania to demand autonomy in the areas where they live.
    (AP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, In Russia some 5 thousand people marched through central Moscow in a new protest at President Vladimir Putin's rule and a judicial crackdown against opponents.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)(SFC, 10/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 27, Saudi police detained Tariq al-Mubarak, a columnist who supported ending his country's ban on women driving.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 27, In Spain several thousand people gathered in downtown Madrid to protest the release from jail of Basque separatists, convicted of attacks but freed under a European Court of Human Rights ruling.
    (AP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, Hundreds of Sudanese in the disputed border region of Abyei voted in a referendum that they hope will decide whether they join Sudan or South Sudan. Voting ended on Oct 29. Abyei residents chose overwhelmingly to join South Sudan in the unofficial referendum. Only one of the two ethnic groups (the Ngok Dinka) living in the area voted in the poll, which is not recognized by either Khartoum or Juba.
    (AP, 10/27/13)(AP, 10/31/13)
2013        Oct 27, In central Syria a rocket smashed into the home of a family in the embattled Christian town of Sadad, killing 5 people as al-Qaida-linked rebels and soldiers clashed for control.
    (AP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 27, Okot Odhiambo, an alleged deputy army commander in the Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army, died. He was indicted in 2005 on 10 charges including murder, enslavement and using child soldiers. DNA evidence later confirmed his identity.
    (AP, 9/10/15)

2014        Oct 27, The US government announced guidelines for medical workers returning back from West Africa.
    (SFC, 10/28/14, p.A7)
2014        Oct 27, SF Mayor Ed Lee signed a law legalizing Airbnb and other short-term home rentals in San Francisco. Opponents promised to organize a ballot initiative against the measure.
    (SFC, 10/28/14, p.C3)
2014        Oct 27, In Afghanistan at least 7 people were killed when a group of Taliban militants attacked a court in the northern city of Kunduz. One Taliban fighter detonated his car loaded with explosives and 3 were killed by security forces.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, In Afghanistan the last British troops were flown out of Camp Bastion in Helmand province. 453 of their compatriots had died during Britain’s 13-year deployment.
    (Econ, 11/1/14, p.55)
2014        Oct 27, In southeastern Brazil a truck loaded with vegetable oil collided head-on with a bus full of high school students, killing 11 people, most of them teenagers near the city of Ibitinga.
    (AP, 10/28/14)
2014        Oct 27, China and Vietnam agreed to use an existing border dispute mechanism to find a solution to a territorial dispute in the South China Sea, saying they did not want it to affect relations.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, China’s Xinhua news agency reported that private clubs in historical buildings, parks and other public facilities have been banned because they were hindering the fight against corruption.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, In Estonia a boy (15) shot and killed a teacher (53) of German in Paalalinna school in the town Viljandi. The weapon was registered to the father of the shooter.
    (AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, In France the new Fondation Louis Vuitton museum, designed by Frank Gehry, opened in Paris.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.90)
2014        Oct 27, In Germany workers at Amazon.com were on strike again as a union pushed its demands in a long-running wage dispute with the American online retailer.
    (AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, An official said Israel has given the go-ahead for plans to build over 1,000 new Jewish settler homes in annexed east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least 27 Shi'ite militiamen on the outskirts of Jurf al-Sakhar after security forces pushed Islamic State militants out of the area over the weekend. Islamic State militants attacked soldiers, policemen and Shi'ite militiamen in the town of al-Mansuriyah, northeast of Baghdad killing 6 members of the Iraqi security forces.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, A floating natural gas terminal, built by South Korea, arrived in the Lithuanian port of Klaipeda, in a move by the Baltic country to further reduce its reliance on energy supplies from Russia. The $330 million "Independence", owned by Norway's Hoegh LNG and leased to Lithuania's SC Klaipedos Nafta terminal operator, will be able to provide 4 billion cubic meters (141 billion cubic feet) of gas a year when it becomes operational in January.
    (AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, Mexico arrested 4 people including two drug gang members on suspicion of direct involvement in the disappearance of the 43 students over a month ago in Iguala. Prosecutors said authorities have found another mass grave in the nearby town of Cocula.
    (AFP, 10/28/14)
2014        Oct 27, In northeastern Nigeria suspected ‎Boko Haram gunmen killed several people in a village in Kukawa, Borno state. Police initially intercepted and engaged the insurgents on the outskirts of the town but ‎were forced to retreat because of the gunmen's superior firepower.
    (AFP, 10/29/14)
2014        Oct 27, Pakistani military jets and helicopters destroyed nine hideouts of militants in two separate airstrikes killing 33 militants in an ongoing offensive in the North Waziristan tribal region.
    (AP, 10/27/14)   
2014        Oct 27, In Spain 51 people, including six sitting mayors, were arrested for bribery and embezzlement.
    (Econ, 11/8/14, p.55)
2014        Oct 27, In Syria members of the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front and other rebel factions launched simultaneous attacks on army checkpoints and the governor's office in the northwest, triggering hours-long clashes that left 19 troops and rebels dead.
    (AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to Ethiopia that the EU and several regional development banks have pledged $8 billion in development aid for projects across eight countries in the Horn of Africa. Countries targeted are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda.
    (AFP, 10/27/14)(AP, 10/27/14)
2014        Oct 27, Yemeni security officials said fighting between Shiite Houthi rebels and an influential tribe in the town of Radda killed at least 250 people over three days.
    (AP, 10/27/14)

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