Today in History - October 30

Return to home

1270        Oct 30, The seventh crusade was ended by the treaty of Barbary.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1391        Oct 30, Eduard, [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38) and author, was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1485          Oct 30, Henry Tudor (1457-1509) of England was crowned as Henry VII. This followed his defeat of King Richard III at Bosworth Field on Aug 22.
    (HN, 10/30/98)(DoW, 1999, p.66)

1503        Oct 30, Queen Isabella of Spain banned violence against Indians.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1583        Oct 30, Pirro Ligorio (83), Italian architect, painter and archaeologist, died.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1629        Oct 30, King Charles I gave the Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1632        Oct 30, Henri de Montmorency, French duke and plotter, was beheaded.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1683        Oct 30, George II, King of Great Britain (1727-60), was born. [see Oct 30]
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1712        Oct 30, Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, German painter, was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1735        Oct 30, John Adams, second president of the United States (1797-1801), was born in Braintree (Quincy), Mass.
    (AP, 10/30/97)(HN, 10/30/98)(MC, 10/30/01)

1751        Oct 30 Richard Brinsley Sheridan (d.1816), Irish-born statesman and dramatist, spent most of life in England. His plays included “The School for Scandal" with Georgiana Cavendish as Lady Teazle, "The Rivals" and “the Critic." He also wrote the comic opera “The Duenna." In 1998 Fintan O’Toole wrote the biography “A Traitor’s Kiss: The Life of Richard Brinsley."
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, BR p.4)(WSJ, 1/7/00, p.W4)(HN, 10/30/00)

1768        Oct 30, 1st Methodist church in US was initiated at Wesley Chapel, NYC.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1772        Oct 30, Capt Cook arrived with ship Resolution in Capetown.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1775        Oct 30, Fr. Lasuen founded Mission San Juan Capistrano, but the site was abandoned after eight days when they received word of an attack at the San Diego Mission. They quickly buried the bells for safe keeping and fled to the Presidio (fort) in San Diego for shelter.
    (http://missions.bgmm.com/sanjuanc.htm)

1821        Nov 11, Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (d.1881), Russian novelist who wrote “The Brothers Karamazov," was born. “Originality and a feeling of one’s own dignity are achieved only through work and struggle."
    (AP, 12/9/97)(HN, 11/11/98)

1839        Oct 30, Alfred Sisley (d.1899), impressionist artist, was born in Paris of English parents. He studied in London and then in Paris in the studio of Charles Gleyre. He painted landscapes almost exclusively. His work included “A Turn in the Road" (1873).
    (DPCP 1984)(HN, 10/30/00)

1843        Oct 30, A. G. Henri Regnault, French water colors painter, was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1853        Oct 30, Pietro Raimondi (66), Italian composer (Potifar, Giacobbe), died.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1857        Oct 30, Gertrude Atherton, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 10/30/00)

1866        Oct 30, Jesse James gang robbed a bank in Lexington, Missouri, of $2000.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1870        Oct 30, French National Guard was defeated at Le Bourget.
    (www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1871        Oct 30, Paul Valery (d.1945), French poet, essayist and critic, was born in Sete. “Two dangers constantly threaten the world: order and disorder."
    (HN, 10/30/00)(AP, 6/10/00)(SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T10)

1873        Oct 30, P.T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth," debuted in NYC.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1882        Oct 30, William F. "Bull" Halsey, Jr., American admiral, was born. He played an instrumental role in the defeat of Japan during World War II. The Japanese surrender was signed on his flagship, the USS Missouri.
    (HN, 10/30/99)

1885        Oct 30, Ezra Pound (d.1972), poet and critic, was born in Hailey, Idaho. He wrote “The Cantos." Pound met William Carlos Williams at the Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1907 and they remained friends and wrote many letters. “Pound-Williams: Selected Correspondence" was ed. by Hugh Witemeyer in 1996. Ezra Pound spent 3 winters with W.B. Yeats (1913-1916) as the poet’s artistic prod and secretary. During World War II, Pound was arrested for broadcasting fascist propaganda to the United States from Rome. He stood trial for this crime and was judged to be insane. He was incarcerated at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington from 1946 until his release in 1958. “Literature is news that stays news."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezra_Pound)(SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.6)(AP, 8/25/98)(HN, 10/30/98)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.10)

1888        Oct 30, John J. Loud patented a ballpoint pen.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1888        Oct 30, In London Jack the Ripper murdered his last victim. [see Nov 3]
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1890        Oct 30, Japan’s Emperor Meiji issued the Imperial Rescript on Education to illustrate the moral principles that each citizen was to follow.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.39)(www.danzan.com/HTML/ESSAYS/meiji.html)

1893        Oct 30, Charles Atlas, [Angelo Siciliano], US bodybuilder, was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1894        Oct 30, Peter Warlock, composer, was born as Philip Heseltine.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1894        Oct 30, Daniel Cooper patented a time clock.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1896        Oct 30, Ruth Gordon, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Harold & Maude), was born in Mass.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1896        Oct 30, Kaspar Wicki, Swiss inventor, received Swiss patent Nr. 13329 for a key configuration for the concertina, that made fingering identical in any key.
    (WSJ, 12/7/07, p.W4)(www.concertina.com/gaskins/wicki/)

1899        Oct 30, British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reached Capetown.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1899        Oct 30, Two battalions of British troops were cut off, surrounded and forced to surrender to General Petrus Joubert's Boers at Nicholson's Nek.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1905        Oct 30, G.B. Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1905        Oct 30, Czar Nicholas II of Russia issued the October Manifesto, granting civil liberties and elections in an attempt to avert the burgeoning support for revolution. Nicholas also accepted the 1st Duma (Parliament)
    (HN, 10/30/00)(MC, 10/30/01)

1914        Oct 30, The Allied offensive at Ypres, Belgium, began.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1918        Oct 30, Ted Williams, hitter (Red Sox, AL MVP '46, '49; Trip Crown '42,'47), was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1918        Oct 30, The Italians captured Vittorio Veneto and rout the Austro-Hungarian army.
    (HN, 10/30/98)
1918        Oct 30, The Slovak National Council acceded to the Nov 28 Prague proclamation for the creation of Czechoslovakian state. Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. During World War II, Slovakia existed as puppet state of Nazi-run Germany.
    (www.slovakia.org/history6.htm)(AP, 9/21/02)
1918        Oct 30, Turkey signed an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon October 31.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1922        Oct 30, Mussolini sent his black shirts into Rome and formed a government. The Fascist takeover was almost without bloodshed. [see Oct 28]
    (HN, 10/30/98)(MC, 10/30/01)

1925        Oct 30, Scotsman John L. Baird performed first TV broadcast of moving objects.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1926        Oct 30, Marvin A. Clark of Tigard, Ore., went missing during a visit to Portland. In 1986 loggers discovered the remains of a man along with some personal effects that included a revolver and an expended .32 caliber bullet. Medical examiners ruled the man’s death a suicide and in 2014 DNA evidence was checked to verify if the man was Clark.
    (SFC, 5/1/14, p.A10)

1929        Oct 30, Joan Ganz Cooney, founder (Children's Television Workshop), was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1932        Oct 30, Louis Malle, director (Atlantic City, Black Moon, Viva Maria), was born in France.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1933        Oct 30, Michael S. Dukakis, (Gov-D-Mass) and presidential candidate (D-1988), was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1935        Oct 30, The US Army Air Corps held a competition to see which company would build the country’s next-generation of long-range bombers. Boeing’s “flying fortress" crashed shortly after takeoff and Martin and Douglas won by default.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.84)

1938         Oct 30, On a Sunday night Orson Welles and his troupe of actors in the Mercury Theater touched off mass panic with a CBS dramatic radio adaptation of the 1898 novel of Martian conquest, "The War of the Worlds" by H.G. Wells. In spite of pre-broadcast announcements that the production was fiction, about a million Americans readied their guns for battle, fled and prayed for deliverance from what they believed was a real threat. Orson Welles (left), roundly criticized for inciting the hysteria, apologized for the realistic nature of the radio play and explained that he never expected such a severe reaction. The War of the Worlds broadcast went on the air opposite radio's number-one program, The Charlie McCarthy Show, featuring ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and his dummy. Critic Alexander Woollcott telegraphed Welles, "This only goes to prove, my beamish boy, that the intelligent people were all listening to a dummy, and all the dummies were listening to you."
    (HFA, '96, p.40)(TL, 1988, p.111)(AP, 10/30/97)(HNPD, 10/30/98)(HN, 10/30/98)

1939        Oct 30, German U boat failed in an attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound and Charles Forbes aboard.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1939        Oct 30, USSR and Germany agreed on partitioning Poland. Hitler deported Jews.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1940        Oct 30, Cole Porter musical "Panama Hattie," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1942        Oct 30, On the 8th day of battle at El Alamein a new Australian assault began.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1943        Oct 30, The Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1944        Oct 30, The Martha Graham ballet "Appalachian Spring," with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress, with Graham in a leading role.
    (AP, 10/30/97)
1944        Oct 30, Anne Frank (of Diary fame) was deported from Auschwitz to Belsen.
    (MC, 10/30/01)
1944        Oct 30, Sweden announced its intention to stay neutral and refused sanctuary in WW II.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1945        Oct 30, The US government announced the end of shoe rationing, effective at midnight.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

1949        Oct 30, Kurt Weill and Maxwell Anderson's "Lost in the Stars" premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1950        Oct 30, The First Marine Division was ordered to replace the entire South Korean I Corps at the Chosin Reservoir area.
    (HN, 10/30/98)
1950        Oct 30, Gen'l. Douglas McArthur ordered a combined Marine and Army outfit to cross the 38th parallel and "mop up" remaining North Korean soldiers. 12,000 Marines found themselves surrounded by 8 Chinese divisions. The marines lost 4,000 men and the Chinese lost 37,500. Joseph Owen later authored "Colder Than Hell: A Marine Rifle Company at the Chosin Reservoir," a first person account of the fighting. In 1999 Martin Russ published "Breakout: The Chosin Reservoir Campaign." The novel “The Marines of Autumn" by Michael Brady was based on this campaign.
    (WSJ, 8/6/99, p.W7)(WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W8)

1952        Oct 30, Dr. Albert Schweitzer (b.1875) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize but only received it in 1953. Schweitzer and his wife Hélène had moved to Gabon (French Equatorial Africa) in 1913 and opened a hospital in Lambaréné, which he later expanded with money from the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 10/30/97)(HNPD, 9/4/98)
1952        Oct 30, Clarence Birdseye sold the 1st frozen pea package.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1953        Oct 30, Gen. George C. Marshall was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Albert Schweitzer received his 1952 Peace Prize.
    (AP, 10/30/97)
1953         Aug 30, The first publicly announced experimental TV broadcast of a network program in compatible color was presented by NBC: St. George and the Dragon, starring Burr Tillstrom's Kukla, Fran and Ollie.
    (http://kukla.tv/colortest.html)

1954        Oct 30, Linus Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(MC, 10/30/01)
1954        Oct 30, US Armed Forces ended segregation of races.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1960        Oct 30, Guatemala's "La Hora" reported a plan for the invasion on Cuba.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1961        Oct 30, The Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb, the "Tsar Bomba," with a force estimated at about 50 megatons. This was the largest explosion ever recorded and broke a 3-year nuclear test moratorium.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A22)
1961        Oct 30, The Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.
    (AP, 10/30/97)
1961        Oct 30, UN unanimously elected U Thant acting UN Secretary General.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1965        Oct 30, A fireworks explosions killed 50 in Cartagena, Colombia.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1966        Oct 30, The Zodiac killer murdered a female college student in Riverside. In 1985 Robert Graysmith authored "Zodiac" in which he identified the killer with the pseudonym of "Robert Starr," and later identified him as Arthur Leigh Allen (d.1992), a convicted child molester from Vallejo. Graysmith authored "Zodiac Unmasked" in 2002. In 2009 Deborah Perez (47) asserted that her father, Santa Ana resident Guy Ward Hendrickson (d.1983), was the Zodiac killer and that she had accompanied him on some of the killings.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M6)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A9)

1968        Oct 30, Luis W. Alvarez (1911-1988) of UC Berkeley won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the bubble chamber.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_Walter_Alvarez)
1968        Oct 30, Ramon Samaniego Novarro (b.1899), the 1st successful Latin star in Hollywood (Ben Hur), was killed by 2 male hustlers. In 2002 Andres Soares authored "Beyond Paradise: The Life of Ramon Novarro.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Novarro)(SSFC, 1/5/03, p.M4)

1971        Oct 30, Mack Ray Edwards, California serial killer, hanged himself while on death row. He admitted to 6 sexually motivated murders in the 1950s and 1960s and later told a jailer that the number was closer to 20.
    (SSFC, 10/12/08, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mack_Ray_Edwards)

1972        Oct 30, 45 people were killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train collided with another train in Chicago's South Side.
    (AP, 10/30/97)

1974        Oct 30, The film "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre" was released in Los Angeles. It was narrated by John Larroquette and was first shown in San Francisco. The film was based on the story of Edward Gein, a handyman in Plainfield, Wis., who liked to dig up fresh graves, cut the skin off corpses, wear the skin on his own body and dance in the moonlight. He was picked up in this year and evidence showed that he’d been collecting body parts for years.  He had skulls on bedposts, a human heart in a saucepan, and a lady out in his barn dressed like a deer.
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.E-4)
1974        Oct 30, Muhammad Ali and George Foreman held their “Rumble In the Jungle" boxing match in Zaire. Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire, to regain his world heavyweight title, that was taken from him for refusing military service.
    (SFC, 2/10/97, p.E3)(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/30/97)

1975        Oct 30, The New York Daily News ran the headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead" a day after President Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.
    (HN, 10/30/98)
1975        Oct 30, Martha Moxley, 15-years-old, was bludgeoned to death with a gulf club in Greenwich, Conn., on Halloween eve. The last person to see her was 17-year-old Thomas Skakel, a nephew of Ethel Kennedy. No one has ever been charged. Michael (15) and Thomas (17) Skakel were suspects. Michael Skakel was charged with the killing in 2000. The 1993 novel "A Season in Purgatory" by Dominick Dunne, and "Murder in Greenwich" by Mark Fuhrman in 1998 were based on this murder. In 2002 a jury found Skakel guilty of murder. He was sentenced 20 years to life in prison.
    (WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A6)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/29/02, p.A1)
1975        Oct 30, Juan Carlos (37) assumed power in Spain after General Franco, near death, gave him control.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/30/newsid_2464000/2464945.stm)

1978        Oct 30, Uganda troops attacked Tanzania. Uganda under Idi Amin went on to annex a 700-square-mile section of Tanzania. Pres. Nyerere sent Tanzanian soldiers and Ugandan exile volunteers to push back Amin's forces.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)(www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/08/16/1060936102425.html)

1979        Oct 30, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.
    (AP, 10/30/97)

1980        Oct 30, New Jersey Dem. Sen. Harrison Williams (d.2001 at 81) was indicted in the Abscam sting operation and later convicted.
    (WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A1)

1983        Oct 30, Argentina held general elections. The democratic government of Raul Alfonsin replaced the 7-year-old military junta and formed a national human rights commission. The first act of the government was to annul the amnesty rushed through by the junta just before it fell.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/83.84.eng/chap.4.htm)(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D4)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.40)

1984        Oct 30, Police in Poland found the body of kidnapped pro-Solidarity priest Father Jerzy Popieluszko, whose death was blamed on four security officers.
    (AP, 10/30/04)

1985        Oct 30, The launch of the space shuttle “Challenger" was witnessed by schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe, who was fated to die when the spacecraft exploded after liftoff the following January.
    (AP, 10/30/00)
1985        Oct 30, American Brands was removed as a component of the Dow Jones. It had begun as American Tobacco in 1890.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1987        Oct 30, President Reagan announced that Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would visit Washington the following December for a summit, during which the two leaders would sign a treaty banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
    (AP, 10/30/97)

1988        Oct 30, Responding to Republican attempts to pin the term liberal on him, Democrat Michael Dukakis declared on the campaign trail, "Yes, I am a liberal, in the tradition of Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman and John Kennedy."
    (AP, 10/30/98)

1989        Oct 30, Mitsubishi Estate Co., a major Japanese real estate concern, announced it was buying 51 percent of Rockefeller Group Inc. of New York.
    (AP, 10/30/99)

1990        Oct 30, The Iraqi News Agency quoted Saddam Hussein as saying Iraq was making final preparations for war, and that he expected an attack by the United States and its allies within days.
    (AP, 10/30/00)
1990        Oct 30, In the Persian Gulf, ten American sailors died when a steam pipe ruptured aboard the USS “Iwo Jima"; in Saudi Arabia, a Marine was killed in an accident while driving in the desert.
    (AP, 10/30/00)
1990        Oct 30, In Russia the Solovetsky stone was erected in Moscow. It was from the Stalin-era Solovki prison camp as a memorial to victims of Soviet repression.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solovetsky_Stone)

1991        Oct 30, The Middle East peace conference in Madrid, Spain, opened with addresses to the delegates by President George Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 10/30/01)
1991        Oct 30, BET Holdings Inc., became the first African-American company listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1992        Oct 30, Iran-Contra special prosecutor Lawrence E. Walsh released an excerpt of notes taken by former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in January 1986 which suggested then-Vice President Bush was fully aware of the Reagan administration's arms-for-hostages deal with Iran. (Bush said despite the notes, he was not aware until December 1986 that the arrangement was an actual arms-for-hostages swap.)
    (AP, 10/30/97)
1992        Oct 30, Joan Mitchell (b.1925), American pastel artist, died. In 2011 Patricia Albers authored “Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter, A Life."
    (SFC, 3/31/97, p.E6)(SSFC, 5/29/11, p.G5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Mitchell)

1993        Oct 30, Martin Fettman, America's first veterinarian in space, chopped the heads off six rats and performed the world's first animal dissections in space, aboard the shuttle Columbia.
    (AP, 10/30/98)
1993        Oct 30, Hernan Heleno Castro, El Salvadorian guerilla leader, was murdered.
    (http://tinyurl.com/br5h7)
1993        Oct 30, A United Nations deadline for ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to return to power passed with the country's military still in control.
    (AP, 10/30/03)

1994        Oct 30, The National Museum of American Indian opened in NYC.
    (http://tinyurl.com/a6f5y)
1994        Oct 30, Pope John Paul II named 30 new cardinals, including the archbishops of Baltimore and Detroit and the first-ever from Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina and two former East-bloc states, Albania and Belarus.
    (AP, 10/30/99)

1995        Oct 30, The people of Quebec rejected an independence referendum by a very narrow margin, 50.6% to 49.4%. It was the 2nd defeat in 15 years. The margin was 50,000 votes out of 5 million cast.
    (WSJ, 11/1/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A26)

1996        Oct 30, After a four-hour trial, a Chinese court sentenced pro-democracy activist Wang Dan to 11 years in prison for "conspiring to subvert the Chinese government." Wang was freed in April 1998 and sent into exile in the United States.
    (AP, 10/30/901)

1997        Oct 30, A jury in Cambridge, Mass., convicted British au pair Louise Woodward of second-degree murder in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen. The judge, Hiller B. Zobel, later reduced the verdict to manslaughter and set Woodward free.
    (AP, 10/30/98)
1997        Oct 30, Confronting some of his harshest critics, Chinese President Jiang Zemin defended his country's human rights record before members of Congress. He also promised the US to cut its average tariff to 10% by 2005.
    (WSJ, 10/31/97, p.A20) (AP, 10/30/98)
1997        Oct 30, In Livermore, CA., a shutdown began of the “plutonium building" at the National Laboratory due to safety violations.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.D7)
1997        Oct 30, Movie director Samuel Fuller died in Hollywood at age 86.
    (AP, 10/30/98)
1997        Oct 30, In Algeria some 30,000 marched in Algiers in protest over the elections and called for the resignation of Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia.
    (SFC, 10/31/97, p.D2)
1997        Oct 30, In Ireland Mary McAleese, a lawyer and academic from Belfast, was elected as president to succeed Mary Robinson.
    (SFC, 10/31/97, p.D3)

1998        Oct 30, The Group of Seven industrial nations endorsed Pres. Clinton’s plan to protect healthy nations from currency and stock market upheavals with a new IMF strategy.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 30, Four abortion clinics in 3 states, Indian, Kentucky and Tennessee, received letters claiming to contain deadly anthrax bacteria. The letters were tested and found to be free of anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A3)(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 30, David Bower (86) of the US and Mikhail Budyko of Russia won the $427,600 Blue Planet Prize, awarded by the Asahi Glass Foundation of Japan for their work in solving environmental problems.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A8)   
1998        Oct 30, The UN extended its 460-member peacekeeping force in the Western Sahara over land contested between Morocco and the Algerian-based Polisario Front.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 30-1998 Nov 1, Hurricane Mitch caused a major mud slide in Nicaragua when the Casita Volcano crater lake in Posoltega overflowed. The death toll was estimated in the thousands. In Honduras Mayor Cesar Castellanos of Tegucigalpa and 3 others were killed in a helicopter crash while surveying the flood damage where hundreds were estimated killed.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A1,17)(AP, 10/30/99)
1998        Oct 30, In Pakistan Prime Minister Sharif dismissed the Sindh provincial government and imposed federal rule following a fallout between the Pakistan Muslim League and the Muttaheda Qami Movement over the recent killing of Hakim Said, a critic of the MQM and a leading physician.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 30, Spanish judges ruled that Spain has the legal right to bring criminal charges against Augusto Pinochet and to seek his extradition from Britain.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 30, In Turkey anti-terrorist squads shot an airline hijacker to death and freed 38 passengers.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A18)

1999        Oct 30, In China the government approved new laws against superstitious sects and secret societies with prison terms of 7 years or more.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11)
1999        Oct 30, In Kenya it was reported that thousands of residents were feared to have been exposed to radiation from a thorium compound used in roadway construction materials in Msambweni
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A8)
1999        Oct 30, In Mexico police reported that Juan Jose Quintero Payan (57), a Juarez Cartel boss, was arrested in Guadalajara.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 30, In Inchon, South Korea, a fire killed 54 young people, mostly teenagers, at a karaoke bar. Another 75 were injured.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A2)

2000        Oct 30, Steve Allen, TV entertainer, died at his home in Encino at age 78. He was the creator of the “Tonight Show," had recorded 49 albums, wrote 53 books and starred in and appeared in numerous TV shows.
    (SFC, 11/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 30, A heavy storm swept over Western Europe and at least 8 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 30, In Indonesia at least 43 people died in landslides on Java due to heavy rains.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 30, Israel fired rockets from helicopter gunships in the West Bank and Gaza as a warning against the use of guerrilla tactics. The death rose to 133 Palestinians and 10 Israelis.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 30, In Peru a revolt of renegade troops drew to a close as most of those involved were rounded up. Lt. Col Humala and 7 soldiers remained at large.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 30, In Madrid, Spain, a car bomb killed Supreme Court magistrate Jose Francisco Querol (69), his driver and an escort. 35 were wounded and the ETA was blamed.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/31/00, p.A1)

2001        Oct 30, The New York Yankees won game three of the World Series, 2-1, cutting the Arizona Diamondbacks' games lead to 2-1.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2001        Oct 30, Ford Motor Co. chairman William Clay Ford Jr. took over as chief executive after the ouster of Jacques Nasser.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2001        Oct 30, NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey snapped its first picture of Mars, one week after the spacecraft safely arrived in orbit around the Red Planet.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2001        Oct 30, The Pentagon reported that a small number of US ground forces were operating in northern Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Oct 30, Yasser al-Siri, an Egyptian activist, was charged in London in connection with the assassination in Afghanistan of Ahmed Shah Massood, a Northern Alliance leader. [see Egypt, Nov 25, 1993]
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A16)
2001        Oct 30, A 5th day of rain on Caribbean coast force 25,000 people from their homes in Honduras. 4 people were reported killed. Heavy damage was also reported from Nicaragua with 12 people missing.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.C2)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)
2001        Oct 30, In Tbilisi, Georgia, the state security ministry sent 30 agents to the independent Rustavi 2 TV station, ostensibly for a tax investigation. The director refused the examination of financial files and put the standoff on the air which prompted 5-10 thousand people to gather in protest. Security Minister Vakhtang Kutateladze was later fired by Pres. Shevardnadze.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D2)
2001        Oct 30, In Israel Shimon Peres reportedly prepared a peace initiative with plans to dismantle Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and the creation of a Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.C3)
2001        Oct 30, In the Philippines Marvin Deonzon (27) was arrested following the weekend bomb attack. Deonzon claimed to be part of the al Qaeda network and warned of another 40 bombs planted around Zamboanga.
    (WSJ, 11/1/01, p.A17)
2001        Oct 30, In Russia some 300 young people stormed a Moscow market in a racist rampage that left 2 Caucasus vendors dead.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)
2001        Oct 30, Ukraine destroyed its last nuclear missile silo, fulfilling a pledge to give up the vast nuclear arsenal it had inherited after the breakup of the former Soviet Union.
    (AP, 10/30/02)

2002        Oct 30, In Minnesota Walter Mondale took the ballot place of the late Sen. Wellstone. Mondale ended up losing to Republican Norm Coleman.
    (WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/30/03)
2002        Oct 30, DJ Jam Master Jay (Jason Mizell), rap artist, was shot to death in Queens, NYC.
    (SFC, 11/1/02, p.A1)   
2002        Oct 30, Allied warplanes bombed Iraqi defense systems in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq after being fired upon during routine patrols.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 30, In Belarus authorities reported the discovery of a mass grave on a military base at Slutsk with the remains of up to 12,000 people killed during World War II. Some 800,000 Jew of Belarus were killed by Nazis.
    (AP, 10/31/02)
2002        Oct 30, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, Suzanne von Richtofen (22) let her lover Daniel Cravinhos (21) and his brother, Christian (26) into her house, and checked to make sure her parents were sleeping. Then the brothers sneaked into the parents' bedroom and bludgeoned them to death with iron bars. In 2006 all 3 were tried for murder. Each was convicted and sentenced to 40 years in prison. Daniel Cravinhos said he beat Manfred and Marisa von Richtofen to death with an iron bar as they slept at home in a wealthy district of Sao Paulo because the couple's daughter, Suzanne von Richtofen, persuaded him to do it.
    (AP, 6/5/06)(AP, 7/17/06)(AP, 7/22/06)
2002        Oct 30, Freeview TV, jointly owned by the BBC, Crown Castle International and BSkyB, was launched in the UK as an alternative to PayTV.
    (www.answers.com/topic/freeview)
2002        Oct 30, Danish police arrested Akhmed Zakayev (43), a top aide to Aslan Maskhadov, former Chechen president.
    (SFC, 10/31/02, p.A31)
2002        Oct 30, Senior Sinn Fein-IRA figure Martin McGuinness declared his war has ended in a documentary broadcast by the British Broadcasting Corp.
    (AP, 10/29/02)
2002        Oct 30, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's broad-based coalition collapsed when Cabinet ministers from the moderate Labor Party resigned in a dispute over funding for Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2002        Oct 30, A Palestinian gunman killed two teenage girls and a woman in a Jewish settlement in the West Bank before being shot dead in a firefight with soldiers and residents.   
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 30, Russia launched a rocket carrying two cosmonauts and a Belgian astronaut to the international space station for an eight-day mission.
    (AP, 10/30/02)
2002        Oct 30, A series of bomb blasts rocked the poor township of Soweto, SA, killing one person, ripping a hole in a mosque and damaging several railway stations and rail lines running into the nearby city of Johannesburg. The Boeremag (Afrikaner Power) was believed responsible.
    (AP, 10/30/02)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A7)
2002        Oct 30, Nine people, mostly Canadian or British tourists, were killed and at least 10 more injured when their bus crashed in South Africa, police said. 
    (Reuters, 10/30/02)

2003        Oct 30, The US House approved an $87.5 billion package for Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/30/04)
2003        Oct 30, The US Commerce Dept. said GDP grew 7.2% over the last quarter.
    (SFC, 10/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 30, The US Senate passed legislation allowing thinning of forests across the West.
    (SFC, 10/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 30, A multistory parking garage under construction at the Tropicana Casino & Resort in Atlantic City, NJ, collapsed, killing 4 construction workers and injuring 22 others.
    (Reuters, 10/30/03)(SFC, 10/31/03, p.A3)(AP, 10/30/08)
2003        Oct 30, The US and 29 other countries pledged $18.4 million to create a new war crimes court in Bosnia that will lighten the load at the U.N. tribunal in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 30, In Italy former Premier Giulio Andreotti was acquitted of charges he ordered the Mafia killing of a journalist in 1979, wiping out the veteran politician's previous conviction.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 30, In Panama more than 20,000 teachers and construction workers stayed off the job, staging a daylong strike to demand that the government retain control over the country's social security system.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 30, President Vladimir Putin tightened his grip on the Kremlin by relieving his chief of staff from duty. Putin named Dmitry Medvedev, the first deputy chief of staff and the chairman of the Russian natural gas giant Gazprom, to succeed Alexander Voloshin in the post.
    (AP, 10/30/03)
2003        Oct 30, In northeastern Uganda soldiers clashed with rebels, killing 33 insurgents in three separate battles over the last 2 days. 3 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/03)
2003        Oct 30, The UN ordered all its non-Iraqi staff to leave Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)

2004        Oct 30, The US Army extended Iraq tours by 2 months for some 6,500 soldiers.
    (SSFC, 10/31/04, p.A10)
2004        Oct 30, Peggy Ryan (80), actress-dancer died in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2004        Oct 30, A burst of poisonous gas in a coal mine in northeast China killed 15 miners at the Xilutian Mine in Fushun, a city in Liaoning province.
    (AP, 10/31/04)
2004        Oct 30, Eight American Marines were killed in fighting west of Baghdad. A car bomb killed at least seven people in attack on an Arab television network in Baghdad. Iraqi troops fired wildly on civilian vehicles, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 10/30/04)
2004        Oct 30, The decapitated body of a Japanese backpacker (Shosei Koda) was found wrapped in an American flag in northwestern Baghdad; the militant group led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi later claimed responsibility. In 2006 Hussein Fahmi (28), an operative for al-Qaida in Iraq, confessed to carrying out 116 beheadings, including that of 24-year-old Japanese backpacker Shosei Koda.
    (WSJ, 11/1/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/30/05)(AP, 3/2/06)
2004        Oct 30, Liberians ventured back onto the streets of Monrovia during a temporary lifting of a round-the-clock curfew imposed after at least 7 people were killed in religious riots.
    (AP, 10/30/04)
2004        Oct 30, Rwandan troops arrived in Sudan's remote Darfur region to join Nigerian soldiers monitoring a shaky cease-fire in the country's troubled west.
    (AP, 10/31/04)

2005         Oct 30, The body of Rosa Parks arrived at the U.S. Capitol, where the civil rights pioneer became the first woman to lie in honor in the Rotunda; President Bush and congressional leaders paused to lay wreaths by her casket.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2005        Oct 30, Microsoft Corp. founder Bill Gates pledged $258.3 million for research and development to combat malaria, including new cash to test the world's first vaccine against the mosquito-borne disease.
    (Reuters, 10/31/05)(SFC, 10/31/05, p.A8)
2005        Oct 30, In SF the 10th running of the Illegal Soapbox Society’s Halloween derby was held in Bernal Heights.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.E1)
2005        Oct 30, In Madison, Wisconsin, police used pepper spray to break up rowdy Halloween celebrations. Over 400 arrests were made mostly for alcohol-related offenses.
    (SFC, 10/31/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 30, In SF some 20,000 people gathered in Golden Gate Park for a memorial concert, the Family Dog’s last Tribal Stomp, to celebrate Chet Helms, who died June 25.
    (SFC, 10/31/05, p.B1)
2005        Oct 30, Gordon A. Craig (b.1913), Scottish-born former Stanford history professor, died in California. His books included “Europe Since 1815" (1961).
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B11)
2005        Oct 30, Al Lopez (97), baseball Hall of Fame catcher and manager died in Tampa, Fla.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2005        Oct 30, The US military said 2 American soldiers have been charged with allegedly assaulting two detainees at a US-led coalition base in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Congolese troops rescued four electoral workers from their militia captors in a raid that set off a battle that killed dozens of militiamen and one soldier. Some 40 Mayi-Mayi militiamen were killed by the army. One soldier was killed and three others injured.
    (AP, 11/2/05)
2005        Oct 30, Police clashed with angry youths in a Paris suburb for the fourth straight night, with accusations over a police teargas grenade thrown into a mosque set to exacerbate the situation further.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 30, Dresden's $215 million rebuilt Frauenkirche, or Church of Our Lady, was re-consecrated, 60 years after it was destroyed by Allied bombs in World War II. The Protestant church was originally built in 1743 and collapsed after a wave of bombing in February 1945.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.A16)
2005        Oct 30, It was reported that the US military had begun tracking the deaths of Iraqi civilians. Estimates of those killed and wounded averaged 26 per day from early 2004 and rose to 63 per day by the end of August, 2005. Attacks against Americans and Iraqis were reported to be averaging 85 a day for much of the past year.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.A21)
2005        Oct 30, Insurgents killed seven Iraqi civilians in scattered attacks. An Iraqi cabinet adviser was killed when gunmen attacked his car in northern Baghdad, and a deputy trade minister was wounded in a separate attack. A US Army soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in central Iraq.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(Reuters, 10/30/05)(SFC, 11/1/05, p.A3)
2005        Oct 30, Israeli troops killed 3 Palestinian militants, including the suspected mastermind of a suicide attack, in a West Bank raid just hours after the two sides had reached a tentative new truce deal.
    (AP, 10/31/05)
2005        Oct 30, Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo, whose mandate was due to go into extra time following the west African state's failure to hold elections, pledged to do everything he could to organize a vote before a one-year deadline set by the United Nations.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Hurricane Beta pounded Nicaragua's east coast with heavy rains and powerful winds as thousands sought protection in boarded-up homes or government shelters.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Nigeria reported that its inflation rate rose to 15.5% in the 12 months ending in August, up 14.2% from the month before according to the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS).
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Pakistan and India made an unprecedented agreement to open their heavily militarized border in disputed Kashmir to aid the flow of relief goods and reunite divided families in the aftermath of South Asia's colossal earthquake.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Palestinian officials said they have agreed with Israel to halt nearly a week of fighting after militant groups pledged to halt rocket fire on southern Israeli towns.
    (AP, 10/30/05)
2005        Oct 30, Zanzibar police and ruling party militia chased opposition supporters through the streets as voters chose between the socialists who have ruled semiautonomous state for more than 30 years and an opposition group promising wholesale change. Voting in national and regional elections on mainland Tanzania was postponed to Dec. 18 because of a vice presidential candidate's death. Official results named incumbent Amani Karume of the ruling Party of the Revolution (CCM) the winner with 53% of the vote.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)

2006        Oct 30, Mass. Sen. John Kerry told a California college audience that young people who didn't study hard might "get stuck in Iraq," prompting harsh Republican criticism; Kerry later said it was a botched joke against President Bush's handling of the war.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2006        Oct 30, A new ranking compiled by Morgan Quitno Press listed St. Louis as the most dangerous city in the USA, leading a trend of violent crimes rising much faster in the Midwest than in the rest of nation. The study looked at crime only within St. Louis city limits, with a population of about 330,000 under Mayor Francis Slay. The safest city in 2005 was Brick, N.J., with a population about 78,000, followed by Amherst, N.Y., and Mission Viejo, Calif. The second most dangerous city was Detroit, followed by Flint, Mich., and Compton, Calif.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In southern Afghanistan NATO troops fought a six-hour battle with insurgents in a firefight that left 55 militants and one NATO soldier dead. ISAF warplanes killed 12 insurgents in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(AFP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Algeria 3 people were killed and 24 wounded in near-simultaneous truck bomb attacks overnight on two police stations in Reghaia town, 30 km (20 miles) east of the capital, and the eastern Algiers suburb of Dergana. Witnesses called it the most elaborate assault by Islamist rebels in several years.
    (Reuters, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Sir Nicholas Stern, head of Britain’s government economic service, issued a report on climate change that said world output could be up to a fifth lower over the next century or two due to climate change.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.14)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.80)
2006        Oct 30, In London 6 men from remote Pitcairn Island lost their final appeal against their convictions for a string of sex attacks dating back 40 years.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Counting from Congo's election proceeded swiftly. Rioters destroyed 43 polling stations and thousands of ballot papers were burned in the east after a soldier killed two election officials.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(WSJ, 10/31/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 30, Hutomo Mandala Putra (44), the youngest son of former dictator Suharto, was paroled from prison after serving less than a third of his 15-year sentence for ordering the assassination of a Supreme Court judge.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Iraq at least 81 people were killed or found dead, including 33 victims of a bomb attack on laborers lined up to find a days work in Baghdad's Sadr city Shiite slum. Essam al-Rawi, a leading Iraqi academic and prominent hardline Sunni political activist, was fatally shot by three gunmen as he was leaving his Baghdad home.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(SFC, 10/31/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 30, The Israeli Cabinet voted overwhelmingly to bring into the government a hawkish party that opposes ceding territory to the Palestinians and wants to redraw Israel's borders to exclude many Israeli Arabs.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, An Italian court ordered former Premier Silvio Berlusconi to stand trial on charges of corruption along with David Mills, the estranged husband of Britain's culture minister.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Amman, Jordan, a delegation of Iraq lawmakers met with a newly formed group of Iraqi political activists and agreed to hold a national reconciliation conference next month.
    (AP, 10/3o/06)
2006        Oct 30, The Mexican government authorized the extradition of ex-Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) to face embezzlement charges in his country.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Morocco the world's five leading nuclear powers and eight other nations kicked off a new program aimed at keeping nuclear weapons beyond the reach of terrorists. Morocco became the first Arab state to join a global initiative led by Russia and the United States to combat nuclear terrorism.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(Reuters, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, Nigeria and China signed an 8.3 billion dollar contract for the construction of a railway line from the economic capital Lagos to Kano, the largest commercial city in the north.
    (AFP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Northern Ireland began demolition of the Maze prison for a sports complex.
    (WSJ, 10/31/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 30, Pakistani troops backed by helicopters raided a religious school purportedly being used as an al-Qaida training center, killing 80 people in the country's deadliest strike ever against suspected Islamic militants. The attack happened about two miles from the Bajur tribal town of Damadola.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, Palestinian gunmen abducted a Spanish aid worker in the Gaza Strip. Roberto Vila (34) was released after a few hours.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, Typhoon Cimaron swept across the northern Philippines, killing more than 15 people in a barrage of landslides, uprooted trees and flooding.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, In Moscow top Russian and US military officers signed a cooperation agreement that lays out plans for joint activities for the coming year.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, A Russian company won a bid to construct a second nuclear plant in Bulgaria.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, Somali Islamic leaders banned youthful Somalis from marrying without the consent of their parents, saying such unions violate Islam.
    (AP, 10/31/06)
2006        Oct 30, South African miner Gold Fields announced it was listing on the Dubai International Financial Exchange (DIFX), becoming the first African company to list shares on the fledgling Gulf market.
    (AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 30, The first shipment of US beef in nearly three years arrived in South Korea on Monday after the country lifted an import ban triggered by fears of mad cow disease.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2007        Oct 30,     Mike McConnell, US Director of National Intelligence, said the government spent $43.5 billion on intelligence this year.
    (SFC, 10/31/07, p.A6)
2007        Oct 30,     The US Supreme Court halted a Mississippi execution, their 3rd reprieve since agreeing to rule on Kentucky’s lethal injection procedure.
    (WSJ, 10/31/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 30, It was reported that John Murtha, US Democratic Congressman from Johnstown, Pa., and chairman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, had steered at least $600 million in earmarks to his district over the past 4 years. Since 1992 he has sent some $2 billion to his home district.
    (WSJ, 10/30/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 29, Democrats Barack Obama and John Edwards sharply challenged Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton's candor, consistency and judgment in a televised debate in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2007        Oct 30, In California Orange County Sheriff Michael S. Carona was indicted on seven counts, including conspiracy, mail fraud and witness tampering, according to a sweeping indictment unsealed a day earlier. Carona and others allegedly accepted $350,000 in gifts and cash in exchange for political favors in a scheme that began as early as 1998, the year he was first elected. On Jan 16, 2009, a jury convicted Carona on one count of witness-tampering and acquitted him of bribery charges.
    (AP, 10/31/07)(SFC, 10/31/07, p.A3)(SFC, 1/17/09, p.A3)
2007        Oct 30,     Stan O’Neal, CEO of Merril Lynch, left the company with $161.5 million in stock, options and retirement benefits, following the recent investment bank’s largest ever quarterly loss.
    (SFC, 10/31/07, p.C1)
2007        Oct 30, In Sunnyvale, Ca., Todd David Burpee kidnapped and raped a 17-year-old girl. He was arrested 2 days later. In 2009 Burpee (22) was convicted of kidnapping and sexual assault and was sentenced 43 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.B2)(SFC, 9/12/09, p.C3)
2007        Oct 30,     The San Francisco Bay area's largest earthquake in nearly two decades rattled homes and nerves. The magnitude-5.6 temblor on the Calaveras Fault caused no serious damage or injuries.
    (AP, 10/31/07)(SFC, 10/31/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 30, NASA said US astronomers have discovered the biggest black hole orbiting a star 1.8 million light-years from Earth in the constellation Cassiopeia, with a record-setting mass of 24 to 33 times that of our Sun.
    (AFP, 10/31/07)
2007        Oct 30, It was reported that a floating mass of trash    some 1,000 miles west of SF and 1,000 miles north of Hawaii covered an area about the size of Texas with an estimated mass of 3 million tons, mostly made up of plastic chips.
    (SFC, 10/30/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 30,     Robert Goulet (73), whose Broadway debut in "Camelot" launched an award-winning stage and recording career, died in Los Angeles. Goulet also performed in movies ranging from the animated "Gay Purr-ee" (1962) to "Underground" (1970) to "The Naked Gun 2 1/2" (1991). He played a lounge singer in Louis Malle's acclaimed 1980 film "Atlantic City."
    (AP, 10/31/07)
2007        Oct 30,     American journalist Harry W. Morgan (73), founder of the World Press Institute (1961), died in Romania. Morgan had moved to Romania in 1994, when the government invited him to help develop journalism schools at the universities of Bucharest, Sibiu and Timisoara.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, Linda Stein (62), a pioneer in the punk music scene and later known as a real estate “broker to the stars," was found murdered in her Manhattan apartment. On Nov 9 police arrested Natavia Lowery (26), Stein’s personal assistant, who bludgeoned her boss to death because Stein “just kept yelling at her."
    (SFC, 11/2/07, p.E2)(SFC, 11/10/07, p.E2)
2007        Oct 30, Washoe the chimp (42), who had learned American sign Language, died at Central Washington Univ. in Ellensburg, Wa. Cognitive researchers had adopted the 10-month-old chimp from military researchers in 1966.
    (SFC, 11/1/07, p.A2)
2007        Oct 30,     An Azerbaijani newspaper editor was sentenced to 8 1/2 years in prison over an article alleging that the former Soviet republic could support a US attack on neighboring Iran. The Court for Grave Crimes convicted Eynulla Fatullayev, the founder and editor of two independent newspapers that stopped publication this spring amid government pressure, on charges of making a terrorist threat and inciting interethnic conflict.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, Nordin Benallal (27), a Belgian gangster dubbed "The Eel" for his skill at slipping away from Belgian prison authorities, was caught in the Netherlands two days after his latest jailbreak.
    (AP, 10/31/07)
2007        Oct 30, In London Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah received a lavish welcome from Queen Elizabeth II as he started a state visit amid angry protests and headlines after accusing Britain of anti-terrorism failures. The Policy Exchange, an independent think tank, said Agencies linked to the Saudi government have distributed extremist literature to mosques and Islamic centers in Britain.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30,     Canada's Conservative government vowed to slash corporate and personal taxes and still pay down C$10 billion in debt this year.
    (Reuters, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met India's leadership at the start of a state visit aimed at boosting trade and security links.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, An Indonesian court dismissed a legal challenge to the death penalty brought by lawyers for members of an Australian drugs gang on death row for heroin smuggling.
    (AFP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, In Baghdad, gunmen in a speeding car tossed a hand grenade into a crowd of shoppers in eastern Baghdad, killing one person and wounding five. At least four mortar rounds slammed into a village near Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit, killing a woman and wounding five other civilians. Three US soldiers were killed after their patrol was struck by an explosive and small arms fire in Salman Pak.
    (AP, 10/30/07)(AP, 11/2/07)
2007        Oct 30,     Israeli aircraft hit a Hamas-run police station in the southern Gaza city of Khan Younis, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, In Italy Giovanna Reggiani (47) was brutally attacked as she returned home in northern Rome. She died 2 days later. Nicolae Mailat, a Romanian Gypsy, admitted to snatching her bag but denied her murder. Her attack triggered a public outcry.
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.63)
2007        Oct 30,     Myanmar's military government freed seven members of Aung San Suu Kyi's pro-democracy party, who had been held for more than a month. Human Rights Watch charged that Myanmar’s military government is recruiting children as young as 10 into its armed forces.
    (AP, 10/30/07)(WSJ, 10/31/07, p.A1)
2007        Oct 30,     Patricia Etteh, the speaker of Nigeria's House of Representatives, resigned, just hours after saying she would step aside temporarily to enable lawmakers to debate a report indicting her over a contract scam. A panel's report found Etteh did not follow due process before awarding contracts worth several million dollars to equip and renovate her official residence and that of her deputy.
    (AFP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, In Pakistan a suicide attacker set off a bomb at a checkpoint a quarter-mile from the military headquarters in Rawalpindi where President Gen. Pervez Musharraf was staying, killing 3 officers and 4 civilians.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, Paraguay's Supreme Court annulled the mutiny conviction of former army Gen. Lino Cesar Oviedo, clearing the way for him to compete in April's presidential election.
    (AP, 10/31/07)   
2007        Oct 30, In Puerto Rico federal authorities arrested more than two dozen people in a crackdown on fraudulent medical licenses on the island.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, Somalia's president named Salim Aliyow Ibrow, a former deputy prime minister, as a caretaker prime minister, a day after the outgoing premier lost a power struggle in the government and resigned.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, The US Navy boarded a North Korean flagged ship at its invitation with a small team of medics, security personnel and an interpreter. The 22-person North Korean crew already had regained control of the ship and detained all the Somali pirates.
    (AP, 11/1/07)
2007        Oct 30, Switzerland's largest bank, UBS, reported its first quarterly loss in five years after its third quarter results were hit in the financial crisis caused by the ailing US home loans market.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, Thailand's military-installed government lifted martial law in more than half of the 400 districts where it remained after being imposed during a coup last year.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, Turkish Cobra attack helicopters blasted suspected Kurdish rebel targets near the southeastern border with Iraq in a second day of fighting in the area. PM Erdogan said an escalation of military action was unavoidable.
    (AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 30, The UN General Assembly voted for the 16th straight year to urge the United States to end its trade embargo against Cuba, whose foreign minister accused the US of stepping up its "brutal economic war" to new heights.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

2008        Oct 30, The US government reported that the economy shrank in the summer, the strongest signal yet that a recession may have already begun. The Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product, the broadest measure of economic health, fell at an annual rate of 0.3% in the July-September period, a significant slowdown after growth of 2.8% in the prior quarter.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, In California Randall Cover (46), a former city of Sonoma Water Department supervisor, was indicted by a federal grand jury in SF for receiving $102,795 in kickbacks from Underground Express. In November a suit was filed against 2 former employees of San Francisco’s Public Utilities Commission for taking thousands of dollars in kickbacks from Sheldon Morris and his Novato plumbing company, Underground Express. In 2009 Morris was sentenced to nearly 3 years in federal prison.
    (SFC, 11/1/08, p.B2)(SFC, 11/25/08, p.B1)(SFC, 5/30/09, p.B2)
2008        Oct 30, In Florida the son of former Liberian President Charles Taylor was found guilty by a US court in Miami of torture in the first prosecution under a 14-year-old law that allows citizens to be prosecuted for such crimes committed abroad. Charles Taylor Jr. was arrested at Miami International Airport in 2006 and pleaded guilty to a charge of lying about his father's identity on a passport application.
    (Reuters, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, In Iowa US federal agents arrested Sholom Rubashkin, a former senior executive of the Agriprocessors, a kosher meatpacking plant in Postville, for employing illegal immigrants for commercial gain and helping them secure fake documents. A day earlier Iowa labor authorities levied some $10 million in fines against Agriprocessors for labor violations.
    (WSJ, 10/31/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 30, Scientists reported that 1 in 17 men living on the coasts of North Africa and southern Europe may have a Phoenician direct male line ancestor. Evidence was based on Y-chromosomes collected in Cyprus, Malta, Morocco, the West Bank, Syria and Tunisia.
    (SFC, 10/31/08, p.A14)
2008        Oct 30, Taliban militants stormed a government building in the center of Kabul and one of them blew himself up inside, killing five people. 4 police were killed in Panjwayi district of Kandahar province, after their patrol vehicle struck a newly planted mine.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, In Australia 4 teenagers were charged with attacking an almost blind greater flamingo at Adelaide Zoo. The bird is believed to be the oldest of its kind in the world.
    (AFP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, The Economist magazine presented its annual innovation awards. Winners included Martin Evans, for stem cell research at Cardiff Univ.; Jimmy Wales of Wikipedia for the promotion online public collaboration; Matti Makkonen, a Finnish engineer, for the development of Short Message Service (SMS), better known as text messaging; Steve Chen and Chad Hurley of YouTube, for the creating of an easy way to share video; Arthur Rosenfeld of Lawrence Berkeley for his promotion of energy efficiency; Sumio Iijima for the discovery of carbon nanotubes; Bill and Melinda Gates for the developing a philanthropic support platform; and Nokia Corp. For its ability to respond to social and technological trends.
    (Econ, 12/6/08, TQ p.13)
2008        Oct 30, Westfield London mall, London's biggest mall, opened despite the gloomy economic climate that threatens to dampen vital Christmas sales.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, China’s state media reported that the industrial chemical melamine is commonly added to animal feed in China to make it appear higher in protein. This appeared to be a tacit admission by the government that contamination is widespread in the country's food supply.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, In China 12 people died after an elevator plunged at the Sunshine City construction site in east Fujian province.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, Laurent Nkunda, the rebel general besieging Congo's eastern provincial capital Goma, said he wants direct talks with the government about ending fighting in the region and his objections to a $5 billion deal that gives China access to the country's vast mineral riches in exchange for a railway and highway. Nkunda said he sent a letter to the UN peacekeeping mission in Goma saying he will set up an "urgent humanitarian corridor" for refugees and humanitarian aid. Refugees have continued fleeing the war-torn eastern province for neighboring Uganda.
    (AP, 10/30/08)(AFP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, An Ecuadorean presidential commission concluded that US intelligence services infiltrated the Andean nation's military and police and supported a cross-border incursion by Colombian troops that killed a top rebel commander.
    (AP, 10/31/08)
2008        Oct 30, In Germany the last flight lifted off from Berlin's Tempelhof Airport, bringing an end to an era of aviation that spanned World War II, the Cold War and the rebirth of the German capital. The grounds reopened in 2010 as a public park.
    (AP, 10/30/08)(SSFC, 12/16/12, p.P6)
2008        Oct 30, In India a series of 11 coordinated blasts tore through northeast Assam state, killing at least 77 people and sending police scrambling to find any unexploded bombs in a province troubled by years of separatist violence and ethnic tensions. The next day the "Islamic Security Force-Indian Mujahedeen" took responsibility and warned such attacks would continue in Assam state.
    (AP, 10/30/08)    (AFP, 10/31/08)(SFC, 10/31/08, p.A2)
2008        Oct 30, Indonesia's parliament passed a bill banning pornography, ignoring opposition from lawmakers and rights groups who worry it will be used to justify attacks on artistic, religious and cultural freedom.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, Murat Zyazikov (51), the unpopular leader of Russia's violence-plagued republic of Ingushetia, said he has resigned. Pres. Medvedev named an apparent unknown, Yunus-Bek Yevkurov, to take over as the republic's acting president.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, An Iraqi opposition lawmaker claimed that thousands of his countrymen are being mistreated in detention centers outside the official prison system. A car bomb exploded near a market in north Baghdad, killing one person and wounding five.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, Japan unveiled a $51.5 billion stimulus package to buttress its economy against the fallout of the global financial crises.
    (WSJ, 10/31/08, p.A9)
2008        Oct 30, Morocco’s Interior Minister Chakib Benmoussa said flooding over the last week has killed 28 people and caused major damage in various parts of the country.
    (AFP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket into southern Israel in violation of a 4-month-old truce, but the strike did not cause any injuries or damage. The Israeli Defense Ministry responded by snapping shut cargo crossings into Gaza until further notice.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, In South Korea a court ruled that a law that allows only visually impaired people to become licensed masseurs does not violate the constitution, in a victory for the blind. South Korea's Constitutional Court upheld a ban on adultery, rejecting complaints that the 55-year-old law is outdated and constitutes an invasion of privacy.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, A powerful car bomb exploded at a university in the northern Spanish city of Pamplona, wounding 17 people and setting a building on fire in an attack blamed on Basque separatists.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, A Swiss court convicted 2 brothers from Kosovo of running a massive drug smuggling ring that prosecutors said supplied Western Europe with up to half of its heroin. Ragip and Kemal Shabani channeled 1.5 tons of heroin through Europe from the mid-1990s until 2003, when they were shut down.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, In Thailand assailants threw a grenade into a crowd of anti-government protesters occupying a bridge, wounding 10 people ahead of a demonstration outside the British Embassy in Bangkok.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 30, Zambians voted for a successor to the late President Levy Mwanawasa in an election the main opposition leader accused the ruling party of rigging. Zambia's main opposition candidate was ahead in early presidential election results, but his lead was slowly narrowing. Banda ended up winning 40% of the vote and opposition leader Michael Sata secured 38%.
    (Reuters, 10/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)(AP, 11/2/08)

2009        Oct 30, Pres. Obama announced an end to a 2-decade ban on people with HIV from entering the country.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 30, US banking regulators closed nine banks in California, Illinois, Texas and Arizona. They were all divisions of privately held FBOP Corp. based in Oak Park, Ill.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A15)
2009        Oct 30, The US Center for Disease Control said at least 114 children have died from swine flu complications since the spring, up from 95 a week earlier.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A5)
2009        Oct 30, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom announced that he was dropping out of the race for governor of California.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 30, In the San Francisco Bay the tanker Dubai Star began leaking fuel oil after a tank overflowed during refueling. Coast Guard officials later estimated that some 400-800 gallons of toxic oil leaked into the SF Bay killing at least 37 birds along the Alameda coastline.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A1)(SFC, 11/3/09, p.C3)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)
2009        Oct 30, Norton Buffalo (58), harmonica virtuoso and long time member of the Steve Miller Band, died of cancer in Paradise, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/2/09, p.C1)
2009        Oct 30, In eastern Afghanistan a taxi carrying nine civilians hit a bomb buried in the road, killing everyone inside, including a mother and child.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, The prime minister of Bosnia's Serb half said he would pull out of talks on constitutional reform led by the United States and European Union set to speed up Bosnia's path to EU and NATO membership.
    (Reuters, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, The British government sacked David Nutt, the nation’s top drug advisor, following his remarks that marijuana, ecstasy and LSD were less dangerous than alcohol.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.S2)
2009        Oct 30, The BBC said Anton Turner (38), a British guide working on a children's television show in Tanzania, was killed after being charged by an elephant. The show "Serious Explorers" followed David Livingstone's famous 19th-century trek across the African continent.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Canada an Ontario judge approved the transfer of Canwest Global's flagship National Post newspaper into a new holding company, a move that will allow the money-losing daily to keep operating.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Canada a section of the mine about 500 meters (1,600 feet) below the surface flooded at the Bachelor Lake gold mine of Metanor Resources Inc. in northwestern Quebec. The bodies of all three missing miners were recovered after 3 days.
    (Reuters, 11/3/09)
2009        Oct 30, Ange-Felix Patasse, the former president of the Central African Republic (1999-2003), returned home after more than six years in exile. He planned to stand in the 2010 presidential elections.
    (AFP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, In China a bus plunged into a valley along a mountainous road in northern Shanxi province, killing 13 people and injuring at least 40 others.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Colombia the US ambassador and three Colombian ministers signed a pact in a private, low-key ceremony, to expand Washington's military's presence, a deal that Venezuela's Hugo Chavez has called a threat to the region's security.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Congo's foreign minister said India has offered Democratic Republic of Congo $263 million in loans to build hydroelectric plants and repair battered infrastructure in the war-ravaged nation. The two countries agreed to the final terms of the loan package this week during a four-day visit by Foreign Minister Alexis Thambwe Mwamba to India.
    (Reuters, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, European Union leaders agreed to contribute to a euro50 billion ($74 billion) annual aid fund that would help developing nations adapt to climate change, but failed to set a firm figure for exactly how much the EU would pay.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, The 16-deck Oasis of the Seas, the world's largest cruise liner, began its maiden voyage to Florida, gliding out from a shipyard in Finland with an amphitheater, basketball courts and an ice rink on board. The ship cost euro1 billion ($1.5 billion) and took two and a half years to build at the STX Finland Oy shipyard in Turku.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Guatemala an assistant to the judge handling the case of a man who blamed his death on Guatemala's president was killed by gunmen. Court employee Mark Monzon died of gunshot wounds in his car.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, Haitian lawmakers ousted PM Michele Pierre-Louis in a power struggle that threatens to undermine a campaign to attract foreign investment to the impoverished country. President Rene Preval turned to Jean-Max Bellerive, the minister of planning and external cooperation, as nominee to be the next premier.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Honduras interim President Roberto Micheletti and ousted Pres. Manuel Zelaya singed the Tegucigalpa-San Jose Accord. The power-sharing agreement required Mr. Zelaya to drop his plan for a referendum on constitutional reform.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.37)
2009        Oct 30, Indonesian officials and fishermen said thousands of dead fish and clumps of oil have been found drifting near the coastline more than two months after an Australian underwater well began leaking in the Timor Sea on Aug 21.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Two American soldiers in Iraq died of noncombat related injuries in separate incidents.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Mexican authorities said they have detained a large-scale drug trafficker and also broken up a ring in Cuernavaca that allegedly laundered around $37 million for a drug cartel. The army says it detained Oscar Orlando Nava Valencia, the alleged leader of the "Valencia" drug gang, and nine alleged associates in the western state of Jalisco. Rights activists in the border city of Tijuana have hung 5,100 small white crosses on the fence straddling the US frontier to commemorate migrants who have died trying to cross. Margarito Montes Parra, the leader of a farmworkers' organization, and 14 other people were killed in a mass shooting in the northern state of Sonora. Local news media reported that Montes had led peasant and squatters' movements involved in land seizures and that his group has sometimes had violent clashes with rival claimants to land.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 30, ING, the biggest bank in the Netherlands, said that it would dismember itself by splitting its banking and insurance business and selling its American online banking arm.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.85)
2009        Oct 30, Pakistani forces said they are closing in on a major Taliban base inside the militant stronghold of South Waziristan, and announced it had killed 14 militants in a day of fighting. A total of 289 militants and 34 government soldiers have been killed in the offensive, according to a tally of army figures. Six more militants have been arrested.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Puerto Rico new Gov. Luis Fortuno's issued an order allowing large-scale development inside a 3,200-acre parcel of land immediately north of El Yunque, the only tropical rain forest in the US National Forest system. Previous Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila had declared the Northeast Ecological Corridor off-limits to all but small, eco-friendly projects after a preservation campaign backed by actor Benicio del Toro and attorney Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Oct 30, President Dmitry Medvedev told Russians that there can be no justification for the Soviet government's crimes against its own people, lamenting millions of deaths and "maimed destinies" in some of the strongest criticism of the Communist era to come from the Kremlin since Vladimir Putin came to power a decade ago.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, South Korea announced plans to send troops to Afghanistan to protect its civilian aid workers, two years after withdrawing its forces following a fatal hostage crisis.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2010        Oct 30, In Texas the SF Giants lost game 3 of the World Series 4-2 to the Texas Rangers leaving SF up 2 games to 1.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A1)
2010        Oct 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded that NATO forces explain why they had carried out a joint counter-narcotics operation with Russian forces inside Afghanistan, calling it a violation of sovereignty. At least 40 Taliban insurgents were killed during a failed attack on a NATO combat outpost in Barmal district near the North Waziristan border. A NATO soldier died in an attack in the volatile south. Afghan and NATO troops killed 17 insurgents in an hours-long gunbattle in southern Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 10/30/10)(AFP, 10/30/10)(AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/13/10)
2010        Oct 30, Bahraini voters went to the polls for a run-off poll with three groups, two Sunni Islamist and a leftist alliance, contesting the last seats in parliament. Official results showed pro-government candidates won all nine parliamentary seats. The results gave pro-government Sunni candidates a combined total of 22 seats in the 40-member legislature.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 10/31/10)
2010        Oct 30, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales confirmed that his country plans to build a nuclear plant with Iran's help, stressing the facility would be for peaceful purposes.
    (AFP, 10/30/10)
2010        Oct 30, In China Alexandria Mills, a soft-spoken 18-year-old from Louisville, Kentucky, was named the winner in the 60th Miss World Competition, held on Hainan Island. Second place went to Emma Wareus of Botswana, and Adriana Vasini of Venezuela came third.
    (AP, 10/31/10)
2010        Oct 30, In Honduras a carful of attackers armed with assault rifles drove up to a soccer field in a poor neighborhood of the northern city of San Pedro Sula and opened fire, killing 14 people. Officials said members of the Mara 18 gang were responsible.
    (AP, 10/31/10)(SFC, 11/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 30, In eastern India rescuers battled to find survivors after a ferry overcrowded with Muslim pilgrims capsized and sank in the Hooghly River near the Bay of Bengal. The 60 person capacity boat was carrying around 224 people. After 3 days 69 bodies were recovered.
    (AFP, 10/30/10)(AFP, 11/1/10)(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 30, In Indonesia clouds of gray ash rumbled down the slopes of Mount Merapi in its most powerful eruption of a deadly week, prompting soldiers to force reluctant villagers to evacuate amid fears of a larger blast as the death toll reached 36. Storms again prevented aid deliveries to increasingly desperate survivors of a tsunami, including a teenage girl with an open chest wound, that killed 413 people in the Mentawai islands. The number of missing dropped by half to 163 as searchers discovered survivors who had fled to the hills.
    (AP, 10/30/10)
2010        Oct 30, In Mexico City an explosion inside a home where illegal fireworks were stored wrecked two houses, killing at least three adults and two children. A US woman and an American boy were slain shortly after crossing an international bridge from El Paso to Ciudad Juarez. Giovanna Herrera (26) and Luis Araiza (15) were shot to death along with a Mexican man traveling with them.
    (AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/2/10)
2010        Oct 30, Northern Ireland police seized a dissident IRA bomb packed into a beer keg and were inspecting a potential car bomb parked outside Belfast International Airport, the latest efforts to undermine peace in the British territory.
    (AP, 10/31/10)
2010        Oct 30, Hundreds of North and South Korean family members separated for more than half a century by the Korean War embraced each other in tearful reunions.
    (AP, 10/30/10)
2010        Oct 30, A Russian unmanned cargo ship manually docked with the International Space Station, bringing 2.5 tons of food, water, oxygen and fuel for the orbiting laboratory and its US-Russian crew.
    (AP, 10/30/10)
2010        Oct 30, In eastern Rwanda 11 miners died in an accident at a tin mine in the Rwamagana district.
    (AFP, 10/31/10)
2010        Oct 30, Somali pirates overnight took control of the MV Polar, a cargo vessel with 24 crew members aboard. Pirates seized the Liberian-owned ship some 684 miles (1,100 km) east of the Indian Ocean island of Socotra. One of them, Prudente Cabral, died of a stroke in captivity in November. Pirates released the vessel on Aug 26, 2011.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AFP, 8/26/11)
2010        Oct 30, Hurricane Tomas, the 12th of the Atlantic season, hit a cluster of Caribbean islands including St. Vincent and St. Lucia and moved toward Jamaica. 3 deaths were reported on St. Vincent.
    (SSFC, 10/31/10, p.A5)
2010        Oct 30, Sudan began arresting Darfur activists, just weeks ahead of a southern referendum on secession. 9 activists including a prominent human rights lawyer were arrested over the next 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 11/1/10)
2010        Oct 30, Police in Goteborg, Sweden, were on high alert over the weekend after receiving reports about a bomb threat and arrested the two men in early morning raids. Both men were soon released due to lack of evidence.
    (AP, 11/1/10)
2010        Oct 30, Turkey said it was lifting a ban on YouTube more than two years after it blocked the site because of videos deemed insulting to the country’s founder.
    (SSFC, 10/31/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 30, In Zimbabwe a supporter of Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) was beaten and stabbed by supporters of President Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF party at a constitution meeting in Harare.
    (AFP, 10/31/10)
2010        Oct 30, Zimbabwean businessman Peter Evershed (59) was mauled by five lions while showering under a tree at the Chitake Springs bush camp.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2011        Oct 30, It was reported that half of the cocaine that reaches the United States is now offloaded somewhere along the Honduran coast and heavily forested interior, estimated at a total of 20 to 25 tons each month.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Dozens of protesters at economic inequality demonstrations in Austin, Texas, and Portland, Oregon were arrested peacefully over allegedly failing to comply with rules in each city.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, In Australia the 3-day 54-nation Commonwealth summit, held once every two years, wrapped up with a joint communique. Among the forum's successes was the adoption of a measure that will coordinate global emergency relief efforts to deal with food supply crises.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Britain’s PM David Cameron announced that British merchant ships traveling around the Horn of Africa will for the first time be able to carry armed guards to protect them from pirates.
    (AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Bulgarians voted between Rosen Plevneliev (47), a member of the ruling center-right party, and Ivailo Kalfin (47), a leftist ex-foreign minister. The president leads the armed forces and can veto legislation and sign international treaties. Plevneliev won the election with 52.56%. Socialist challenger Ivailo Kalfin took 47.44% and conceded defeat.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Chinese state media said China will maintain its strict "one-child" policy, despite calls for the rules to be relaxed.
    (AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, In Colombia voters elected former leftist rebel and anti-corruption crusader Gustavo Petro (51) as mayor of Bogota, the first time an ex-guerrilla has won the country’s second most important elected office.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Egypt's ruling military jailed Alaa Abdel Fatah, a veteran dissident and blogger, on charges of inciting deadly clashes between soldiers and Christians this month.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, An Israeli aircraft struck a pair of Palestinian militants, killing one man and wounding a second in a new eruption of violence that raised the death toll in a weekend of rocket attacks and airstrikes to 11. The Islamic Jihad militant group said it was ready to halt its attacks if Israel would halt its air strikes.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, A Kenyan raid on a southern Somali town killed at least five civilians, including three children. Kenya insists it hit a Shebab target but witnesses and aid sources said one bomb ploughed into a camp of displaced civilians. The air raid struck a camp hosting 9,000 internally-displaced Somalis in Jilib.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Voters in Kyrgyzstan cast their ballots in a presidential election that could set a democratic example for authoritarian neighbors. The election pitted front-runner Almazbek Atambayev against two popular nationalist politicians, Kamchibek Tashiyev and Adakhan Madumarov. Monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe criticized irregularities as preliminary returns showed Atambayev winning over 60 percent of votes.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, Libya's interim PM Mahmoud Jibril confirmed the presence of chemical weapons in Libya and said foreign inspectors would arrive later this week to deal with the issue. A clash took place in a Tripoli neighborhood between fighters from the towns of Zintan and Misrata. A Zintan fighter was killed and another, from Misrata, was wounded and taken by his friends to Tripoli's Central Hospital.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Oct 30, Pirates off the coast of Nigeria seized the MT Halifax oil tanker with over 20 crew.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 30, In Pakistan Imran Khan led a huge rally in Lahore. The PTI chief warned politicians to declare their assets or his party would launch a civil disobedience movement against them.
    (http://tribune.com.pk/story/285058/pti-rally-in-lahore-live-updates/)
2011        Oct 30, In Pakistan a suspected US drone strike killed 6 alleged militants.
    (SFC, 10/31/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 30, Philippine bomber planes and troops assaulted a mountain stronghold of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf group in the south in a new offensive targeting a key Malaysian terrorism suspect and allied Filipino gunmen. The military air and ground assault killed 3 Abu Sayyaf commanders and 2 other militants around the Abu Sayyaf jungle lair near Karawan village in Sulu province's Indanan town after OV-10 planes bombed the area. Primary targets Malaysian Zulkifli bin Hir, also known as Marwan, and Abu Sayyaf commander Umbra Jumdail escaped along with 2 other Asian militants and dozens of Abu Sayyaf fighters.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 30, An unmanned Russian cargo ship headed for the Int’l. Space Station after it launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 10/31/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 30, The Arab League handed Syrian officials a plan for ending seven months of increasingly violent unrest against President Bashar al-Assad's rule, and Assad told Russian Television he would cooperate with the opposition. The plan involved talks in Cairo between the Syrian authorities and their opponents. At least two people were killed in fresh violence. Pres. Assad in an interview with Britain's Sunday Telegraph newspaper warned of "another Afghanistan" if foreign forces intervened in his country as they had with the Libyan uprising.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, Venezuela's Pres. Chavez ordered the expropriation of 716,590 acres belonging to a British-owned company amid a disagreement over compensation for earlier takeovers of ranchland from the firm. Chavez announced the latest seizure after saying that Venezuela refuses to pay compensation in foreign currency to Agropecuaria Flora, a local subsidiary of the British company Vestey Group.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 30, In Yemen 4 people, including three children, were killed overnight when troops loyal to Pres. Saleh shelled a petrol filling station in a region north of the capital. In Taiz one civilian was shot dead and two were wounded by government forces who fired at a car.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)

2012        Oct 30, Hurricane Sandy left at least 22 people dead overnight in NYC. Altogether 23 people died on State Island, accounting for more than half of the 43 deaths in NYC.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.27)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.32)
2012        Oct 30, Disney said it will pay $4.05 billion to buy Lucasfilm Ltd., the production company behind "Star Wars," from its chairman and founder, George Lucas. The deal includes Lucasfilm's prized high-tech production companies, Industrial Light & Magic and Skywalker Sound, as well as rights to the "Indiana Jones" franchise.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan police uniform killed two NATO troops.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, Virgin Australia, the second largest airline in Australia, announced a 99 million Australian dollar ($102 million) takeover offer for regional carrier Skywest and said it bought a 60 per cent stake in budget domestic rival Tiger Airways Australia for AU$35 million.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, Bahrain imposed emergency-style rules banning all protest gatherings and threating legal action against groups considered backing escalating demonstrations and clashes in the strategic Gulf kingdom.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, Bolivia’s Pres. Evo Morales asked Oscar-winning actor Sean Penn to defend the chewing of coca leaf before the United Nations, lobby Chile to restore Bolivia's long-lost access to the Pacific Ocean and help persuade the United States to extradite a former Bolivian president. Penn, already a goodwill ambassador for Haiti, has won respect for his post-earthquake charity work.
    (AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, Hitachi won a bid to take over a company building up to six nuclear power plants in Britain, reviving hopes for investment in the UK's ageing energy infrastructure but leaving doubts they will come online in time.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, Will Ferguson, humorist, travel writer and novelist, won Canada's most prestigious and lucrative literary prize. He had penned “419," a fictional tale about the inner workings of Nigerian email scams.
    (Reuters, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, Hurricane Sandy toppled trees and power lines in the Canadian province of Ontario, leaving at least 145,000 people without power.
    (Reuters, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, Colombia's most-wanted reputed drug trafficker, Henry de Jesus Lopez (41), aka "Mi Sangre," was arrested outside a restaurant in suburban Buenos Aires after Colombian police spent months chasing him around South America.
    (AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, In Iran opposition blogger Sattar Beheshti (35) was arrested and taken to Evin prison. He died on Nov 3. On Nov 6 his family was asked to pick up his body. On Nov 12 Iran's state prosecutor confirmed that he died in police custody and that wounds were found on his body. 3 interrogators involved in the case were arrested.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Oct 30, In northern Nigeria gunmen suspected to belong to a violent robbery gang raided a remote village in Kabaru, Zamfara state, killing 20 people in an attack highlighting the growing insecurity in the nation.
    (AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, Several hundred demonstrators rallied in Moscow to press for the release of opposition activists on the same day that Russia commemorated the victims of Soviet-era repression.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, A Rwandan court sentenced Victoire Ingabire, the country's top opposition political leader, to eight years in prison for treason and on a charge stemming from murderous ethnic attacks 18 years ago — genocide denial. She had returned to Rwanda in 2010, after living abroad for 16 years, and asked why Hutus killed in the violence were not recognized like the minority Tutsis in the 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 10/30/12)
2012        Oct 30, In Saudi Arabia celebratory gunfire, common at weddings, brought down a power line that touched off a fire in the Eastern Province, killing at least 23 women and children.
    (AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, A Spanish judge indicted 6 Chileans and an American accused of the 1976 kidnapping, torture and murder of Carmelo Soria, a Spanish UN official in Chile. International arrest warrants were issued for them to be tried in Spain. The American named was Michael Townley, who served five years in a US prison for complicity in the 1976 assassination in Washington of former Chilean Ambassador Orlando Letelier and his assistant.
    (AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, Syrian warplanes pounded Maaret al-Numan, a strategic northern city, with three airstrikes as ground troops pushed forward to recapture the area recently taken by rebels. In Damascus Syrian troops and rebels clashed in the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmouk. At least 185 people were killed nationwide in airstrikes and artillery shelling. At least 47 soldiers were also reported killed.
    (AP, 10/30/12)(AP, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, In Tunisia an Islamist protester was killed and 3 security officers injured after ultraconservative Salafists attacked a police station near Tunis.
    (SFC, 10/31/12, p.A2)

2013        Oct 30, US federal authorites said a $34 million settlement with Infosys, an Indian technology outsourcing firm, fixes systemic issues. The case targeted major visa fraud and immigration abuse.
    (SFC, 10/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 30, Authorities in San Diego, Ca., shut down a tunnel, nealy 600 yards long, designed to smuggle drugs from Tijuana.
    (SFC, 11/1/13, p.A10)
2013        Oct 30, The NYC Council voted to raise the minimum age for purchasing cigarettes and electronic-vapor cigarettes from 18-21.
    (SFC, 10/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 30, In South Carolina Bryan Sweatt (27) shot and killed his one-time girlfriend, her parents and two children befor killing himself.
    (SFC, 10/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 30, Riot police in Bahrain stormed an exhibition dedicated to the Arab Spring-inspired uprising. The raid came two days after the opening of the museum-style hall, which included scenes depicting Bahrain's 32-month unrest, such as protesters killed in clashes, alleged torture inside prisons and demonstrators running from tear gas.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Electronica singer-songwriter James Blake (25) won Britain's prestigious Mercury Prize for his second album, "Overgrown."
    (AFP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Egyptian police fired teargas at protesting students at Cairo's al-Azhar university hours after authorities announced the detention of Muslim Brotherhood leader Essam El-Erian.
    (Reuters, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, In India a Nigerian man was found stabbed to death in Goa. Goan police arrested 53 Nigerians after around 200 of them staged a protest against the killing. On Oct 5 police detained a man in north Goa, accused of being part of a gang who stabbed the Nigerian to death.    
    (AFP, 11/6/13)
2013        Oct 30, In southern India a packed bus crashed into a highway barrier and burst into flames, killing 45 passengers who were locked inside the cabin in Andhra Pradesh state. The driver, a bus cleaner and five passengers managed to escape through a window in the front of the overnight bus.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Iranian Intelligence Minister Mahmoud Alavi said that four people accused of sabotaging one of the country's sensitive nuclear sites were only thieves.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Israel announced plans to build 1,500 new homes in east Jerusalem, the part of the city claimed by the Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Israel reportedly targeted a shipment of surface-to-surface missiles in latakia, Syria, destined for Hezbollah, the powerful Lebanese Shiite movement fighting alongside the regime.
    (AFP, 11/1/13)
2013        Oct 30, Japan’s financial watchdog said it would inspect the Mizuho Bank and two other big banks for to hunt for loans to yakuza (gangsters).
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.79)
2013        Oct 30, In Kenya a train crashed into a passenger bus as it passed through a rail crossing in the capital, Nairobi, killing at least 11 people.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, In Norway the residents of Rjukan received faint rays from the winter sun in the town’s market square for the first time following the construction of three 183-square-foot mirrors on a nearby mountain. The town was built 100 years ago to provide workers for a hydroelectric plant in Telemark County.
    (SFC, 10/31/13, p.A4)
2013        Oct 30, Oman said it has discovered the first case of the MERS coronavirus in the Gulf sultanate, a 68-year-old Omani man.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, The Pakistani government said that 3% of the people killed in US drone strikes since 2008 were civilians. A roadside bomb killed two soldiers in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Bomb blasts in shops in Russia's volatile North Caucasus province of Dagestan killed one person and injured several others.
    (Reuters, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, In South Africa thousands of angry demonstrators took the streets of central Cape Town, looting shops to protest against poor public services.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, In Tunisia a man blew himself up in front of a popular seaside hotel at Sousse. The attack was believed to be the country's first suicide bombing. Authorities in Monastir foiled a possibly related assault at the mausoleum of Habib Bourguiba, modern Tunisia's secular founder.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, In Uzbekistan Gulnara Karimova (41), the eldest daughter of President Islam Karimov, acknowledged for the first time that the authorities had closed television channels she is believed to control, further stoking rumours of a rift in the ruling family.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.44)
2013        Oct 30, In Yemen at least 4 people were killed when a rocket hit a mosque in the Salafi-controlled northern town of Damaj.
    (AP, 10/30/13)
2013        Oct 30, Zimbabwe's highest court scrapped a law against insulting the president that has been used to arrest opponents and critics of veteran leader Robert Mugabe.
    (Reuters, 10/31/13)
2013        Oct 30, In Zimbabwe 21 people were killed, many burnt beyond recognition, after a fuel tanker and a truck ferrying mourners collided.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)

2014        Oct 30, Apple CEO Tim Cook acknowledged that he is gay while advocating for human rights in an essay in Businessweek.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A1)
2014        Oct 30, In California a bankruptcy judge approved a plan by the city of Stockton allowing it to eliminate more than $2 billion in long-term debt payments without touching its massive pension obligations.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A10)
2014        Oct 30, In southern Illinois a mother and three of her children on their way to a Halloween parade were killed and a fourth child seriously injured when their vehicle was hit by a freight train.
    (Reuters, 10/31/14)
2014        Oct 30, In Kansas a small private jet crashed after takeoff at Wichita Mid-Continent Airport. Pilot Mark Goldstein was killed along with three others on the ground. At least five others were injured.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A10)(SFC, 11/1/14, p.A7)
2014        Oct 30, In Massachusetts Thomas Menino (71), the former mayor of Boston (1993-2014), died of cancer.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A13)
2014        Oct 30, In Pennsylvania Eric Frein (31) was captured after a seven-week manhunt for killing a state trooper. US Marshals found Frein in an abandoned airplane hangar in Tannersville with his weapons inside.
    (Reuters, 10/31/14)
2014        Oct 30, Britain’s first national sperm bank opened to the public in Birmingham.
    (Econ, 11/1/14, p.55)
2014        Oct 30, In Burkina Faso thousands of protesters marched on the presidential palace after burning the parliament building and ransacking state television offices, forcing President Blaise Compaore to scrap a plan to extend his 27-year rule. At least 3 protesters were shot dead and several others wounded by security forces when the crowd tried to storm the home of Compaore's brother.
    (Reuters, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, In northeast CongoDRC ADF-NALU militants killed 14 people early today in the village of Kampi ya Chui. The ADF-NALU, an alliance of groups opposed to the Ugandan government, has operated from bases in neighboring Congo since the mid-2000s.
    (Reuters, 11/1/14)
2014        Oct 30, German’s regional court in Wuerzburg sentenced a trucker (58) to 10 ½ years in prison for shooting at fellow drivers more than 700 times over a five-year period.
    (AP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, Iraqi authorities found the bodies of 48 Sunni tribesmen killed by the Islamic State group outside the town of Hit, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, Kazakhstan’s border chief was charged with organized crime and soliciting bribes.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, p.42)
2014        Oct 30, A first group of Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters entered the besieged Syrian town of Kobani to help push back Islamic State militants who have defied US air strikes. The Free Syrian Army (FSA) said it already has 400 fighters in Kobane and more are on the way.
    (Reuters, 10/30/14)(AFP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, Israeli police raid killed Muataz Hijazi (32) in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Abu Tor. Israel said the Palestinian was behind the attempt to gun down hardline activist Yehuda Glick, who has lobbied for Jewish prayer rights at the Al-Aqsa compound.
    (AFP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, The Mozambique National Electoral Commission said Filipe Nyusi (55) of the governing Frelimo party has been elected as the next president with 57% of the vote in final results of polls two weeks ago.
    (AP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, Moscow, Kiev and the European Union clinched an agreement to resume supplies of Russian gas to Ukraine over the winter and secure transit of gas via Ukraine to Europe.
    (Reuters, 10/31/14)
2014        Oct 30, Sweden’s PM Stefan Lofven ignored Israeli protests and announced his country’s formal recognition of a Palestinian state, becoming the first EU member in western Europe to do so.
    (AFP, 10/30/14)(SFC, 10/31/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 30, Researchers in Sweden said they have identified genetic variations at two key sites the human genome that may distinguish extremely violent individuals following a study of some 794 convicts in Finland.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A7)(Econ, 11/1/14, p.75)
2014        Oct 30, Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni gave a state banquet in honor of North Korea's ceremonial head of state, praising Pyongyang for what he said was its prominent role in fighting imperialism.
    (AP, 11/1/14)
2014        Oct 30, In eastern Ukraine 7 government soldiers were reported killed in the past 24 hours despite a ceasefire with separatists.
    (Reuters, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, UN chief Ban Ki-moon launched a global campaign to end the often deadly practice of female genital mutilation within a generation.
    (AFP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, The World Bank said it was immediately providing $100 million to support the deployment of more health workers to Ebola-stricken West Africa.
    (AFP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, In Yemen suspected al-Qaida gunmen killed a police officer and a soldier in two separate attacks in the south of the country.
    (AFP, 10/31/14)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to October 31