Today in History - November 8

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392        Nov 8, Theodosius of Rome passed legislation prohibiting all pagan worship in the empire and declared Christianity the state religion.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)

397        Nov 8, Martin of Tours, [St Martin], bishop of Tours, died. [see Nov 11]
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1226        Nov 8, Louis VIII (39), the Lion, King of France (1223-26), died. He was succeeded by Louis IX.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)

1308        Nov 8, John Duns Scotus (42), Scottish-born theologian and philosopher, died in Germany. Scotus and his adherents came under attack by critics in the 16th century, giving rise to the term "dunce."
    (AP, 11/8/08)(www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintj55.htm)

1494        Nov 8, Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence, Italy.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1519         Nov 8, The Aztec and their leader, Moctezuma, welcomed Hernando Cortez and his 650 explorers to their capital at Tenochtitlan. Spanish adventurer Hernando Cortez and his force of about 300 Spanish soldiers, 18 horses and thousands of Mexico's native inhabitants who had grown resentful of Aztec rule marched unmolested into Tenochtitlán, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Aztec ruler Montezuma, believing that Cortez could be the white-skinned deity Quetzalcoatl, whose return had been foretold for centuries, greeted the arrival of these strange visitors with courtesy--at least until it became clear that the Spaniards were all too human and bent on conquest. Cortez and his men, dazzled by the Aztec riches and horrified by the human sacrifice central to their religion, began to systematically plunder Tenochtitlán and tear down the bloody temples. Montezuma's warriors attacked the Spaniards but with the aid of Indian allies, Spanish reinforcements, superior weapons and disease, Cortez defeated an empire of approximately 25 million people by August 13, 1521.
    (ATC, p.16)(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A3) (HNPD, 11/8/98)

1575        Nov 8, French Catholics and Huguenots signed a treaty.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1576        Nov 8, All 17 provinces of the Netherlands united in the Pacification of Ghent in the face of Spanish occupation. The 17 provinces of the Netherlands formed a federation to maintain peace.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 11/6/98)

1590        Nov 8, Francesco Gonzaga, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1620        Nov 8, The King of Bohemia was defeated at the Battle of White Mountain, Prague. With Hapsburg support in Bohemia the Catholics defeated the Protestants at the Battle of the White Mountain. Weeks of plunder and pillage followed in Prague and after a few months the victors tortured and executed 27 nobles and other citizens and hung 12 heads on iron hooks from the Bridge Tower.
    (NH, 9/96, p.24)(HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)

1647        Nov 8, Pierre Bayle (d.1706), French-Dutch theologian, philosopher, and writer, was born. He authored the “Historical and Critical Dictionary." "If an historian were to relate truthfully all the crimes, weaknesses and disorders of mankind, his readers would take his work for satire rather than for history."
    (WUD, 1994, p.128)(AP, 11/19/97)(WSJ, 12/2/97, p.A20)(MC, 11/8/01)

1656        Nov 8, Edmond Halley, mathematician and astronomer who predicted the return of the comet which is named for him, was born.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1674        Nov 8, John Milton (65), English poet (Paradise Lost), died.  His work included “Paradise Lost," Paradise Regained," and “Samson Agonistes." Milton lost one eye at 36 and the other when he was 44. In 1952 Prof. Sensabaugh (d.2002 at 95) authored “In That Grand Whig, Milton," an examination of Milton’s political tracts. In 1996 Paul West wrote a novel: “Sporting with Amaryllis," that begins in 1626 and gives a fictional account of his life. In 1997 Peter Levy wrote a biography of Milton titled: “Eden Renewed."
    (WUD, '94, p.911)(WSJ, 5/6/97, p.A20)(AP, 12/9/97)(MC, 11/8/01)(SFC, 2/28/02, p.A20)

1685        Nov 8, Fredrick William of Brandenburg issued the Edict of Potsdam, offering Huguenots refuge.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1732        Nov 8, John Dickinson (d.1808), US statesman and publicist, was born. He authored “The Liberty Song" in 1768.
    (WUD, 1994 p.400)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.D2)

1789        Nov 8, Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn, was made by Elijah Craig in Bourbon, Ky.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1793        Nov 8, The Louvre opened in Paris as a museum. It was originally constructed as a fortress in the early thirteenth century.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)

1817        Nov 8, Andrea Appiana (63), Italian royal painter of Napoleon, died.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1828        Nov 8, Thomas Bewick (b.1753), English engraver and ornithologist, died. In 2007 Jenny Uglow authored “Nature’s Engraver: A Life of Thomas Bewick."
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Bewick)

1829        Nov 8, Lord William Bentinck, Governor-General of the East India Company, called for the abolition of sati (suttee), the practice of a widow burning herself to death on her husband's funeral pyre. [see Dec 4]
    (www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1829bentinck.html)

1830        Nov 8, Oliver Otis Howard (d.1909), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1831        Nov 8, Edward R.L. Bulwer-Lytton (d.1891), English writer, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Bulwer-Lytton,_1st_Earl_of_Lytton)

1837        Nov 8, Mount Holyoke Seminary, the 1st US college exclusively for women, opened in South Hadley, Massachusetts.
    (AP, 11/8/00)

1838        Nov 8, Victor Hugo's "Ruy Blas," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1847        Nov 8, Bram Stoker, author, was born. His novels included “Dracula" (1897). [see Nov 24]
    (WUD, 1994 p.432)(HN, 11/8/00)

1849        Nov 8, Edward Julius Biedermann, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1854        Nov 8, Johannes Robert Rydberg (d.1919), Swedish physicist, was born. He is mainly known for devising the Rydberg formula, in 1888, which is used to predict the wavelengths of photons (of light  and other electromagnetic radiation) emitted by changes in the energy level of an electron  in an hydrogen atom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Rydberg)

1861        Nov 8, Union Captain Charles Wilkes of the sloop San Jacinto seized Confederate commissioners John Slidell and James M. Mason from the British mail ship Trent. Lincoln's response to uproar: "One war at a time." The Confederates were released. In 1977 Norman F. Ferris authored “The Trent Affair: A Diplomatic Crisis."
    (HN, 11/6/98)(ON, 1/01, p.7)(MC, 11/8/01)

1864        Nov 8, President Abraham Lincoln was re-elected with Andrew Johnson as his vice-president. Lincoln won with 55% of the popular vote.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(SFC, 12/21/98, p.A3)(ON, 12/03, p.4)

1865        Nov 8, Thomas Sayers (b.1826), English bare-knuckle fighter, died. He was the first boxer to be declared the World Heavyweight Champion.
    (AP, 9/29/09)(www.flickr.com/photos/belowred/2407857092/)

1869        Nov 8, The transcontinental railway arrived in Oakland, Ca., with a stop at Suisun City. The Mariposa pulled 6 coaches into Oakland at 7th and Broadway.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W27)(SFC, 9/3/99, p.A4)(SFC, 5/3/02, p.A20)

1878        Nov 8, Marshall Walter Taylor, "Major Taylor," the world's fastest bicycle racer for a twelve-year period, was born.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1879        Nov 8, Leon Trotsky, Russian communist leader who rivaled Lenin, was born. [see Oct 26]
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1880        Nov 8, Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made her US debut at NY's Booth Theater.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1883        Nov 8, Arnold Edward Trevor Bax, composer (Farewell My Youth), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1884        Nov 8, Hermann Rorshach, Swiss psychiatrist, was born. He was the inventor of the inkblot test.
    (HN, 11/8/00)

1887        Nov 8, Emile Berliner, a German immigrant working in Washington D.C., patented his gramophone, a successful system of sound recording. Berliner was the first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on flat disks or records.
    (http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventions/a/gramophone.htm)
1887        Nov 8, Doc Holliday, who fought on the side of the Earp brothers during the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral sixty years earlier, died of tuberculosis after waking from a 57 day delirium in Glenwood Springs, Colo. He downed a glass of whiskey and said: “I’ll be damned!" and died. In 2001 Bruce Olds authored the novel “Bucking the Tiger," based on the life of Holliday.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(MesWP)(SFC, 7/29/00, p.E3)(SSFC, 9/9/01, DB p.70)

1889        Nov 8, Montana became the 41st state.
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)

1890        Nov 8, Cesar-Auguste Franck (67), Belgian organist and composer (Symphony in D), died.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1892        Nov 8, Former President Cleveland beat incumbent Benjamin Harrison and became the first (and, to date, only) president to win non-consecutive terms in the White House.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1895        Nov 8, Wilhelm Konrad von Röntgen (50), German physicist, discovered X-rays.
    (ON, 11/04, p.6)(www.slac.stanford.edu/pubs/beamline/25/2/25-2-assmus.pdf)

1900        Nov 8, Margaret Mitchell (d.1949), American writer, was born. She found success in her first and only novel, “Gone With the Wind."
    (HN, 11/8/00)
1900        Nov 8, Albert Friedrich Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and molecular biology pioneer, was born.
    (HN, 11/8/00)
1900        Nov 8, Theodore Dreiser’s first novel “Sister Carrie" was published by Doubleday, but was recalled from stores shortly due to public sentiment.
    (HN, 11/8/00)

1904        Nov 8, Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeated Alton B. Parker (D) in US presidential elections. Roosevelt had succeeded the assassinated William McKinley.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(AP, 11/8/04)

1908        Nov 8, Victorien Sardou (77), French opera author (Madame Sans-Gene), died.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1909        Nov 8, Katherine Hepburn, American actress, was born. She won four Oscars. Her movies included “Bringing Up Baby," “The Philadelphia Story" and “The African Queen."
    (HN, 11/8/00)
1909        Nov 8, In San Francisco a street naming commission, appointed by Mayor Edward Taylor, submitted a report that recommended changing numbered avenues in the Richmond and Sunset to Spanish names in alphabetical order. Western neighborhoods opposed the suggestions and after some effort compromises were adopted.
    (SFC, 6/21/14, p.C1)
1909        Nov 8, Alberto Erede, Italian conductor, was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1910        Nov 8, Democrats prevailed in congressional elections for the first time since 1894.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1914        Nov 8, In San Francisco Lincoln Beachey thrilled some 100,000 people with aerial flights from exposition grounds and the wrecking of an artificial warship with bombs dropped from 2,000 to 4,000 feet.
    (SSFC, 11/9/14, p.42)

1916        Nov 8, Peter Ulrich Weiss, German novelist and dramatist, was born. His work included “Marat/Sade" and “The Investigation."
    (HN, 11/8/00)

1917        Nov 8, The People's Commissars "gave" authority to Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1922        Nov 8, Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon, was born. He performed the first human heart transplant operation. [see Oct 8]
    (HN, 11/8/00)

1923        Nov 8, Jack S. Kilby (d.2005) was born in Jefferson City, Mo. In 2000 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the microchip (1958).
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A2)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)
1923         Nov 8, Adolf Schicklgruber (Hitler) launched his first attempt to seize power with a failed coup in Munich, Germany, that came to be known as the Beer-Hall Putsch. He proclaimed himself chancellor and Ludendorff dictator. After the unsuccessful beerhall putsch, he wound up in jail writing "Mein Kampf." Mein Kampf, was sub-titled Four-and-Half Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice. The Nazi dictator wrote much of Mein Kampf (My Struggle) while in prison in 1923 and 1924 for attempting to overthrow the German government. The work became the bible of the Nazi Party and a blueprint for the Third Reich.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1923)(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(HNQ, 5/5/99)

1926        Nov 8, George Gershwin's musical "Oh, Kay," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1928        Nov 8, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1931        Nov 8, Morley Safer, TV newscaster (60 Minutes), was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1932        Nov 8, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated incumbent Herbert Hoover for the presidency. Roosevelt became the 32nd president with about 87% of the Electoral College.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(HNQ, 11/7/00)

1933        Nov 8, President Roosevelt unveiled the Civil Works Administration, designed to create jobs for more than 4 million unemployed.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Works_Administration)

1935        Nov 8, Alain Delon, French actor (Honor Among Thieves, Return of Zorro), was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1938        Nov 8, Crystal Bird Fauset of Pa., became the first African American woman to be elected to a state legislature.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1939        Nov 8, The H. Lindsay and R. Crouse play "Life With Father," based on the book by Clarence Day, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 11/8/99)(MC, 11/8/01)
1939        Nov 8, There was a failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1940        Nov 8, The MV City of Rayville, an American freighter carrying a cargo of lead, wool and copper from Australia to New York, sank in the Bass Strait after striking a German mine, a year before the United States entered the war. One seaman drowned while trying to recover personal items from the sinking vessel but 37 other crew survived. In 2009 the wreck was found off of Australia’s southeastern coast.
    (AP, 4/1/09)

1942        Nov 8, Operation Torch began during World War II as U.S. and British forces landed in French North Africa. Gen’l. Eisenhower landed with American troops in Algiers, Casablanca.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(WSJ, 6/4/98, p.A19)(MC, 11/8/01)
1942        Nov 8, Hitler proclaimed the fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall.
    (MC, 11/8/01)
1942        Nov 8, Vichy-France dropped diplomatic relations with US.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1944        Nov 8, In Hungary Jews under Nazi custody and the command of Adolf Eichmann began marches of 120 miles to the Austrian border.
    (ON, 10/20/11, p.3)
1944        Nov 8, In Hungary Peter Balazs (18) was fatally beaten to death for failing to wear a yellow star marking him as a Jew. In 2009 Australia agreed to extradite Charles Zentai (87) to face charges regarding the fatal beating of Balazs. In 2012 Australia said Mr Zentai cannot be surrendered for extradition because the offence of 'war crime' did not exist under Hungarian law at the time of his alleged criminal conduct.
    (www.shalom-magazine.com/Article.php?id=480310)(AP, 11/12/09)(AFP, 8/15/12)

1945        Nov 8, A riverboat sank off Hong Kong and 1,550 were killed.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1949        Nov 8, Bonnie Raitt, country singer (Green Light, The Glow), was born in Burbank, Ca.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1950        Nov 8, During the Korean conflict the first all-jet air combat took place over Korea as U.S. Air Force Lieut. Russell J. Brown shot down a North Korean MiG-15. It lasted about 30 seconds.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.E3) (AP, 11/8/97)

1953        Nov 8, Salazar's party won all parliament seats in Portugal.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1956        Nov 8, UN demanded USSR leave Hungary.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1957        Nov 8, Romance of the Skies, a Pan Am luxury airliner enroute to Hawaii from San Francisco, crashed in the Pacific Ocean. Only a handful of bodies and some wreckage were found. A crew of 6 and 38 passengers had been booked on the flight.
    (SSFC, 11/4/07, p.A1)

1959        Nov 8, Tunisian Pres. Habib Bourguiba's Nes Destour party won every chair.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1960        Nov 8, Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy was elected 35th president by 118,550 popular votes. He defeated Richard Nixon in the US pres. elections. Popular legend later held that the political machine of Richard Daley in Chicago provided the necessary votes for Kennedy to win Illinois (27 electoral votes) and the elections. The Electoral College result was 303 to 219.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, p.B5)(AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 1/18/98, Par p.2)(HN, 11/6/98)
1960        Nov 8, Hawaiians voted for the first time in a US presidential election. John Kennedy beat Richard Nixon by a margin of 2115 votes.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mrcl43t)

1961        Nov 8, Pres. Kennedy concluded talks with India’s PM Nehru.
    (www.historycentral.com/Documents/sixties/118.html)

1965        Nov 8, The American television soap opera “Days of Our Lives" premiered with Frances Reid (1914-2010) as Alice Horton. Reid spent over 40 years playing Alice Horton on the daytime soap.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yl39ccf)(AP, 11/8/05)
1965        Nov 8, The US Higher Education Act became law. It was intended to strengthen the educational resources of US colleges and universities and to provide financial assistance to students in postsecondary and higher education. The student loan system was part of Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society program.
    (www.higher-ed.org/resources/HEA.htm)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.28)

1966        Nov 8, Pres. Johnson signed anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger.
    (MC, 11/8/01)
1966        Nov 8, Ronald Reagan defeated Pat Brown by over a million votes to become governor of California. Reagan had defeated former SF Mayor George Christopher in the primary.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966        Nov 8, Republican Edward Brooke (1919-.2014) of Massachusetts became the first African-American elected to the Senate by popular vote in 85 years.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(SSFC, 1/4/15, p.C9)

1974        Nov 8, Charges were dropped against eight Ohio National Guardsmen for their role in the deaths of four anti-war protestors at Kent State University. On March 29 a federal grand jury had indicted 8 National Guardsmen for the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A15)(http://speccoll.library.kent.edu/4may70/legalchronology.html)
1974        Nov 8, Singer Connie Francis (b.1938) was raped in her hotel room after a concert at the Westbury Music Fair on Long Island, NY.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, Par. p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connie_Francis)
1974          Nov 8, Debi Kent disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah. She was later identified as another victim of Theodore “Ted" Bundy (1946-1989), the Green River Murderer, who would be officially convicted of killing 36 women and executed on January 24, 1989, in Florida.
    (www.crimelibrary.com/bundy/attack.htm)

1977        Nov 8, In San Francisco 154 candidates ran for 11 district seats for the Board of Supervisors. Voters elected all 6 incumbent Board of Supervisors: Robert Gonzales, Gordon Lau, Dianne Feinstein, John Molinari, Quentin Kopp and Ronald Pelosi; newcomers on the city’s first district-elected board included Harvey Milk, Carol Ruth Silver, Dan White, Lee Dolson and Ella Hill Hutch. Dan White, former police officer, was forced to resign from his job as a firefighter the next month.
    (SFC, 11/6/97, p.A25)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)(SFC, 11/7/02, p.E2)(SSFC, 2/28/10, p.E2)

1978        Nov 8, Norman Rockwell (b.1894), American artist, died. He had created nearly 4,000 illustrations that included 321 covers for the Saturday Evening Post. In 2013 Deborah Solomon authored “American Mirror: The Life and Art of Norman Rockwell."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Rockwell)(SFEC, 9/29/96, T10,11)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.F5)

1979        Nov 8, Bernard Slade's "Romantic Comedy," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romantic_Comedy_(play))
1979          Nov 8, ABC-TV aired "Iran Crisis: American Held Hostage" with Frank Reynolds 4 days after the beginning of the Iran hostage crisis. The late-night news program evolved into “Nightline" on March 24, 1980. Ted Koppel (b.1940) soon became the anchor of nightly news on Iranian Hostages (ABC).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nightline)

1982        Nov 8, China announced the creation of its first batch of national parks.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.11)(www.nationalparkofchina.com/cnnp.html)

1983        Nov 8, In SF Mayor Diane Feinstein won her final 4-year term as mayor. Voters backed policy measures asking for an end to bilingual voting.
    (SSFC, 11/9/08, DB p.58)
1983        Nov 8, Wilson Goode was elected as the first black mayor of the city of Philadelphia.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
1983        Nov 8, Martha Layne Collins (b.1936) was elected as the 56th governor of Kentucky, the state’s first female governor. She served to 1987.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Layne_Collins)(AP, 11/8/08)

1986        Nov 8, Former Soviet official Vyacheslav M. Molotov (96), whose name became attached to the incendiary bottle bomb known as a "Molotov Cocktail," died.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

1987        Nov 8, Eleven people were killed when a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded as crowds gathered in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, for a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1988        Nov 8, The US held elections and Republican VP George Bush defeated Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis. Bush was elected the 41st president with 54% of the popular vote. He and Dan Quail were elected over Dukakis and Bentson. There have been 14 American vice presidents who have gone on to serve as president. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Martin Van Buren, John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester A. Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman, Richard M. Nixon, Lyndon Johnson, Gerald Ford, George Bush.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 11/8/98)(HN, 11/6/98)(HNQ, 2/20/00)
1988        Nov 8, California voters approved Prop. 98 which required that at least 40% of the state budget be spent on public schools.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1988        Nov 8, In California 55% of voters approved Prop. 89 allowing the governor to veto state parole board decisions releasing inmates with sentences of up to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
1988        Nov 8, Evan Bayh, Indiana secretary of state, was elected as state governor.
    (Econ, 2/20/10, p.28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evan_Bayh)

1989        Nov 8, In an attempt to strengthen his 3-week-old leadership, East German Communist Party chief Egon Krenz ousted the old guard of the ruling Politburo, replacing them with reformers.
    (AP, 11/8/99)
1989        Nov 8, Jordan held elections. Each voter cast one ballot for an individual candidate and another for an electoral list. Islamists formed the largest bloc in parliament.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1990        Nov 8, The play "6 Degrees of Separation," written by John Guare opened at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 496 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4622)
1990        Nov 8, President Bush ordered a new round of troop deployments in the Persian Gulf, adding up to 150-thousand soldiers to the multinational force facing off against Iraq.
    (AP, 11/8/00)

1991        Nov 8, The European Community and Canada imposed economic sanctions on Yugoslavia in an attempt to stop the Balkan civil war.
    (AP, 11/8/01)

1992        Nov 8, Volunteers began reading aloud the 58,183 names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C., as part of a tribute marking the 10th anniversary of the monument.
    (AP, 11/8/97)
1992        Nov 8, Some 350,000 people rallied in Berlin against racist violence.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1993        Nov 8, Russian President Boris Yeltsin approved a draft constitution that would strengthen executive power; it was ratified in a referendum the following month.
    (AP, 11/8/98)

1994        Nov 8, In midterm US elections Republicans won a majority in the Senate. They gained control of the House for the first time in 40 years.
    (WSJ, 11/9/94)(AP, 11/8/99)
1994        Nov 8, California voters approved Proposition 187, designed to bar illegal aliens from education, social services and non-emergency health care. Its co-author was Alan C. Nelson (d.1997) and Harold Ezell (d.1998 at 61). Nelson had served as head of the federal INS (1982-1989). Prop. 187 was later struck down by the courts.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.40)
1994        Nov 8, California voters passed Prop. 184 with a 72% majority approving the “three strikes" sentencing law. A 2nd felony can be punished with a double sentence. A 3rd felony may lead to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)
1994        Nov 8, Bill Frist, M.D., was elected Senator from Tennessee. His family founded the HCA hospital chain. In 1989 Frist authored “Transplant, A Heart Surgeon's Account of the Life-And-Death Dramas of the New Medicine."
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.32)(http://frist.senate.gov/)
1994        Nov 8, The UN Security Council established the Int’l. Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to prosecute those responsible for the Rwanda genocide. By 2004 18 people were convicted. In 2004 Sylvestre Gacumbitsi, a former Rwandan mayor, was convicted for his role in the slaughter and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Criminal_Tribunal_for_Rwanda)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A19)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.A3)

1994        Nov 8-1994 Nov 21, Hurricane Gordon caused 1,137 deaths in the Caribbean and eight in the United States. The storm hit Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti before striking Florida.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)

1995        Nov 8, Retired General Colin Powell embraced the Republican Party, but said he would not run for president or any other political office in 1996 because it was “a calling that I do not yet hear."
    (AP, 11/8/00)
1995        Nov 8, An air force Fokker 27 crashed in central Argentina’s mountains and killed all 57 on board.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)

1996        Nov 8, Three days after his re-election, President Clinton said at a news conference that there always are "a lot of hard feelings" after elections, but he urged Republicans to put aside politically charged investigations and work with him to balance the budget and enact campaign finance reform. 
    (AP, 11/8/97)
1996        Nov 8, Cheyenne Pyle, the youngest heart transplant patient (90 mins old), was born in Miami and flown to California for surgery. The infant did not survive.
    (http://tinyurl.com/86zgh)
1996        Nov 8, Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic announced that he had dismissed General Ratko Mladic.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 8, Pres. Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire was recuperating from prostate cancer surgery at the Villa del Mare on the French Mediterranean. Recent Swiss reports put his holdings in Swiss banks at $4 billion.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)

1997        Nov 8, Pres. Clinton promised a crusade for equal rights for gay and lesbian Americans.
    (SFEC, 11/9/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 8, Evander Holyfield won the IBF heavyweight title in a fierce fight against Michael Moorer in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/8/98)
1997        Nov 8, In Algeria armed men raided a government-held village and slaughtered 27 people in Lahmalit.
    (SFC, 11/11/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 8, Chinese engineers diverted the Yangtze River to make way for the Three Gorges Dam, the most ambitious construction project in modern China's history.
    (AP, 11/8/98)
1997        Nov 8, The transfer of Kazakhstan’s capital to Akmola from Almaty was officially celebrated. The shift was in part made to move the capital away from the Chinese border.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.47)
1997        Nov 8, From Pakistan it was reported that thieves had stolen over 2,250 tons of the World Food Program’s emergency wheat supply in Hairatan, Afghanistan, since an alliance opposed to the ruling Taliban gained control of the town.
    (SFC, 11/8/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 8, It was reported that Swiss authorities had evidence that 7 Israeli secret service agents were involved in a plot to kidnap Athena Roussel, the 12-year-old daughter of Christina Onassis and heir to a $2.4 billion trust fund.
    (SFC, 11/8/97, p.A10)

1998        Nov 8, Rep. Bob Livingston, R-La., predicted he would succeed Newt Gingrich as House Speaker. He was elected to the post but resigned before taking office after admitting to marital infidelities.
    (AP, 11/8/99)
1998        Nov 8, Four Navy fliers were lost at sea and presumed dead after their EA-6B Prowler struck an S-3 Viking aircraft on the carrier Enterprise during nighttime landing practice off of Virginia. 2 crewmen landed safely on the deck.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 8, Jean Marais, French actor, died at age 84. His films included the 1946 “Beauty and the Beast" by Jean Cocteau (d.1963).
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A24)
1998        Nov 8, In Angola some 50 gunmen dressed in uniforms of the police, government and rebels, attacked the DiamondWorks mine at Yetwene. At least 6 workers were killed and dozens were injured.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 8, In Bangladesh a judge convicted and sentenced to death 15 former military commanders for the 1975 assassination of prime minister Sheik Mujibur Rahman. Only 5 of the convicted were in immediate custody
    (SFC, 11/9/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 8, In China it was reported that over 5,000 acres of marijuana flourished in Yunnan province and officials vowed to eliminate it by 2000.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A30)
1998        Nov 8, In Mexico the PRI led gubernatorial elections in Puebla and Sinaloa but lost in Tlaxcala Alfonso Sanchez Anaya of the leftist Democratic Revolution Party.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 8, In Tibet Ian Baker and a team sponsored by National Geographic discovered the “Hidden Falls of Dorge Pagmo." In 2004 Baker authored “The heart of the World: A Journey to the Last Secret Place."
    (SSFC, 11/21/04, p.E1)
1998        Nov 8, In Venezuela a leftist coalition led by Hugo Chavez, the Patriotic Pole movement, won a majority in parliament. The Democratic Action and Copei parties won most of the 23 governorships.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A10)

1999        Nov 8, President Clinton participated in a “virtual town hall meeting" on the Internet, answering questions from pre-screened online users.
    (AP, 11/8/00)
1999        Nov 8, Former President Bush was honored in Germany for his role in the fall of the Berlin Wall ten years earlier.
    (AP, 11/8/00)
1999        Nov 8, MIT received a $100 million gift from software billionaire Kenan Sahin.
    (WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, Lester Bowie (58), jazz trumpeter and founder of the Art Ensemble of Chicago, died of liver cancer.
    (WSJ, 11/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, In Canada employers in BC locked out 2,000 waterfront workers and disrupted trade valued at $60 million per day.
    (WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, It was reported that 2 Congo rebel leaders were resuming their war on Kabila.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 8, In Georgia Pope John Paul II stopped to "build new bridges" with the Orthodox Church and Patriarch Ilia II.
    (SFC, 11/9/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 8, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators launched landmark talks, giving themselves an ambitious 100-day deadline to craft the broad outlines of a peace agreement.
    (AP, 11/8/00)

2000        Nov 8, A statewide recount began in Florida, which emerged as critical in deciding the winner of the 2000 presidential election. 19,000 votes were reported disqualified in West Palm Beach. Early that day, Vice President Al Gore telephoned Texas Gov. George W. Bush to concede, but called back about an hour later to retract his concession.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/01)
2000        Nov 8, Waco special counsel John C. Danforth released his final report absolving the government of wrongdoing in the 1993 siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Texas.
    (AP, 11/8/01)
2000        Nov 8, In China 11 people were sentenced to death for their role in a giant smuggling ring, the Yuanhua Group, that moved some $6.4 billion in goods with the complicity of mayors, police and customs officers.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Nov 8, Israeli troops killed 4 Palestinian teenagers and Palestinian gunmen ambushed and killed an Israeli woman (24).
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Nov 8, Fusako Shigenobu, founder of the Japanese Red Army, was arrested in Osaka after 20 years underground.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Nov 8, Saudi Arabia opened its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600 million under exceptions to US sanctions.
    (WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 8, In Tanzania the National Electoral Commission announced that Pres. Benjamin Mkapa had won the Oct 29 multi-party elections with 71.7% of the vote. In Zanzibar Amani Karume was declared president.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C5)(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)

2001        Nov 8,    In a prime-time address, Pres. Bush called on Americans to defy acts of terror by strengthening their communities, comforting their neighbors and remaining vigilant in the face of further threats.
    (AP, 11/8/02)
2001        Nov 8, U.S. jets struck Taliban targets across northern Afghanistan and fierce fighting was reported around the Taliban-held city of Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A3)(AP, 11/8/02)
2001        Nov 8, Scientists from Lucent Technologies’ Bell Labs issued a report on “nanotransistors," so tiny that 10 million could fit on the head of a pin.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 8, Enron Corp. disclosed that it had overstated its annual profits by nearly $600 million and had kept over $1 billion off its books since 1997.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)
2001        Nov 8, The European Central Bank and the Bank of England lowered interest rates by half a percent.
    (WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 8, Israeli border police stormed a building in Baka al-Sharkiyeh where a suicide bomber killed himself and wounded 2 commandos.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 8, Pakistan’s Gen. Pervez Musharraf stopped in Paris and London on his way to meet with Pres. Bush. He called for an end to military operations before the month of Ramadan.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 8, In the Philippines the toll from tropical storm Lingling climbed to at least 350 people. The storm left more than 200 dead and moved to Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)(AP, 11/8/02)
2001        Nov 8, In South Korea Kim Dae Jung quit as head of the ruling party.
    (WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 8, A UN helicopter crashed into the sea off of Sierra Leone. All 7 aboard were presumed dead.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A15)

2002        Nov 8, Pres. Bush said the new UN Resolution 1441 presented the Iraqi regime "with a final test."
    (AP, 11/8/03)
2002        Nov 8, The California State Medical Board moved to suspend the licenses of Dr. Chae Hyun Moon and Dr. Fidel Realyvasquez of Redding Medical Center for performing needless heart surgeries from 1992-2002. In 2003 Tenet Healthcare, owner of RMC, paid $54 million to settle federal charges related to the allegations. In 2004 Tenet agreed to pay an additional $395 million to settle cases with over 769 heart patients. In 2007 Stephen Klaidman authored “Coronary: A True Story of Medicine Gone Awry."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A18)(SFC, 12/22/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.E1)
2002        Nov 8, China's President Jiang Zemin opened the Communist Party to businessmen to preserve its grip on power as he kicked off a congress at which his generation of leaders is due to retire.
    (Reuters, 11/8/02)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.9)
2002        Nov 8, Nigeria's Supreme Court scrapped limits on the number of political parties, opening the way for dozens of groups hoping to battle President Olusegun Obasanjo's ruling party in 2003 elections.
    (AP, 11/9/02)
2002        Nov 8, The UN Security Council unanimously approved a tough new Iraq resolution, aimed at forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences." Iraq has until Nov. 15 to accept its terms and pledge to comply. Iraq has until Dec. 8 to provide weapons inspectors and the Security Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of its chemical, biological and nuclear programs. Weapons inspectors have until Dec. 23 to resume their work in Iraq. Weapons inspectors are to report to the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. If inspectors resume their work on Dec. 23, the latest they would be able to report to the council would be Feb. 21, 2003.
    (AP, 11/8/02)

2003        Nov 8, Howard Dean announced he would opt out of the system for publicly financing elections, and its imposed limits, to better compete against Pres. Bush.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 8, The new $188 million Carquinez Bridge in Vallejo, Ca., was dedicated. Costs reached $340 million with the approaches. Traffic began with massive tie-ups on Nov 11. It was named the Al Zampa Bridge, in honor of bridge worker Al Zampa (d.2000 at 95). A Nov 16th date was pushed forward a week to allow Gov. Davis to officiate.
    (SFC, 10/2/03, p.A15)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.A22)(SFC, 11/8/03, p.A19)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 8, The AIDS infection rate in Botswana was reported to be 22% and that few people were taking advantage of treatment programs.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A14)
2003        Nov 8, In Colombia Arcangel Clavijo, a member of the Liberal Party, was shot and killed in a nightclub near Cali.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 8, In Iraq insurgents killed two US paratroopers and wounded another west of Baghdad. In Tikrit US F-16s battered suspected targets. 5 Iraqis were killed and 16 taken custody in "Operation Ivy Cyclone."
    (AP, 11/8/03)
2003        Nov 8, In Saudi Arabia a suicide car bombing that devastated a Riyadh housing complex, killing 17 people and wounding more than 120. Officials pointed to al-Qaida terrorists as responsible.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/04)
2003        Nov 8, Rebels in northern Uganda killed more than 100 civilians in raids over the last five days. The Lord's Resistance Army raided villages in Lira district.
    (AP, 11/10/03)

2004        Nov 8, Jason Bay became the first Pittsburgh Pirates player to win the National League Rookie of the Year award, while Oakland shortstop Bobby Crosby took the American League honor.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2004         Nov 8, A US judge ruled that military commission proceedings at Guantanamo violate federal law and Geneva Conventions. The proceedings were halted. An appeals court reversed the decision on July 15, 2005. The proceedings resumed on January 9, 2006. On June 29 the Supreme Court rejected the commissions.
    (WSJ, 6/30/06, p.A1)
2004        Nov 8, It was reported that a new polyester mesh stocking pulled over a weak heart was effective in reducing heart failure.
    (SFC, 11/8/04, p.A2)
2004        Nov 8, A comprehensive scientific study of the Arctic climate was released and confirmed that the North is melting, and faster all the time.
    (CP, 11/8/04)
2004        Nov 8, China’s state media reported that China will selectively reduce spending to help trim its ballooning fiscal deficit.
    (AP, 11/8/04)
2004        Nov 8, The U.S. dollar was eliminated from circulation in Cuba.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2004        Nov 8, In Iraq some 10,000 US and Iraqi troops fought their way into the western outskirts of Fallujah. A car bomb hit a civilian convoy belonging to coalition forces on the main highway to Baghdad's airport.
    (AP, 11/8/04)(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 8, Israeli police arrested Zeev Rosenstein on an int’l. warrant for smuggling drugs (ecstasy) from the EU to the US. The warrant called for extradition to the US.
    (SFC, 11/9/04, p.A7)
2004        Nov 8, In Ivory Coast clashes with French troops left another 5 people dead and some 250 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/9/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 8, Pitcairn Island selected its 1st female mayor, Brenda Christian, to fill the post until a Dec 15 election. Former Mayor Steve Christian was among the 6 men convicted of 5 rape charges.
    (SFC, 11/9/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 8, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah launched $8 billion in development projects in Mecca.
    (WSJ, 11/9/04, p.A1)

2005        Nov 8, The US State Department issued its 7th annual report to Congress on religious freedom. It cited Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Vietnam as restricting religious freedom.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The US Supreme Court ruled that slaughterhouse workers should receive pay for time spent donning protective gear and heading to the floor.
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 8, Democrats cleaned up big in off-year elections from New Jersey to California. Democratic Sen. Jon Corzine easily won the New Jersey governor's seat after an expensive, mudslinging campaign, trouncing Republican Doug Forrester by 10 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, California voters rejected Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's efforts to reshape state government during a special election that darkened his prospects for a second term.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(SFC, 11/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 8, The Kansas Board of Education voted 6-4 that students will be expected to study doubts about Darwinian evolutionary theory.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 8, Maine voted to preserve the state's new gay-rights law.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, In Hillsdale, Michigan, unofficial results showed that Michael Sessions (18) got 732 votes, compared with 668 for Mayor Doug Ingles (51). Once his victory is certified and he's sworn in - the ceremony is set for Nov. 21 - he may be the youngest mayor in the USA.
    (USAT, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 8, GOP Mayor Michael Bloomberg easily clinched a second term in heavily Democratic New York.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, In Ohio Cincinnati voters elected a black mayor for the first time. State Sen. Mark Mallory defeated Councilman David Pepper, both Democrats, in a nonpartisan mayoral runoff.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, Pennsylvania voters came down hard on school board members who backed a statement on intelligent design being read in biology class, ousting eight Republicans and replacing them with Democrats who want the concept stripped from the science curriculum.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, SF voters rejected Prop B, which would have allowed $208 million in general obligation bonds for street and sidewalk improvements; Prop A passed for capital improvements in the SF Community College District; Prop H won making it illegal for city residents to possess handguns; Prop F won ending rotating closure of firehouses. Phil Ting, incumbent Assessor-Recorder, won his election bid. In 2008 an Appeals court agreed with 2006 ruling that local governments have no authority under California law to prevent people from owning pistols.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/10/08, p.B3)
2005        Nov 8, A federal judge ordered a halt to 1983 court-ordered supervision over SF desegregation policies. The ruling left school assignments in the hands of the SF School Board.
    (SFC, 11/9/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 8, In Jacksboro, Tennessee, Ken Bartley Jr. (15) shot to death assistant principal Ken Bruce and wounded 2 other school officials with a handgun at Campbell County Comprehensive High School. On April 10, 2007, Bartley pleaded guilty to one count of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted second-degree murder, and was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campbell_County_High_School_(Tennessee))
2005        Nov 8, Texas voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional ban on gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, Democratic Lt. Gov. Tim Kaine won a solid victory in GOP-leaning Virginia, beating Republican Jerry Kilgore by more than 5 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 8, Bill O’Reilly, vented exasperation on his “The Radio Factor" at 2 measures in the process of being approved by SF voters: a ban on handgun ownership and a ban on military recruitment in public schools. 
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 8, Bartolo Colon won the American League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2005        Nov 8, David Westheimer, American novelist, died in California. His books included “Von Ryan’s Express" (1964), which was made into a 1965 film, and “My Sweet Charlie" (1965), which was produced on Broadway in 1966.
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 8, The first five-star hotel opened in Kabul, Afghanistan, part of a construction boom that is changing the face of the capital nearly 4 years after the ouster of the Taliban.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Police in Australia arrested 17 suspects in a string of raids and said they had foiled a major terror attack. Algerian-born Abdul Nacer Benbrika, a prominent radical Muslim cleric, was among those arrested after the government strengthened laws to detain those in the early stages of planning terror acts following the London transport bombings in July.
    (AP, 11/7/05)(AP, 10/25/10)
2005        Nov 8, Azerbaijan's election commission annulled the results of the weekend parliamentary vote in two districts and ordered a recount in another, while the ruling party claimed victory.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Britain for a 3-day state visit that will include a banquet dinner with Queen Elizabeth II and trade talks with PM Tony Blair. Jintao faced protests from human rights campaigners upon his arrival in London.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The EU said Morocco will join its Galileo satellite navigation program, becoming the first African nation to participate in the project that aims to rival the US' GPS system.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, President Jacques Chirac declared a state of emergency, paving the way for curfews to be imposed on riot-hit cities and towns in an extraordinary measure to halt France's worst civil unrest in decades after 12 nights of violence.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Haiti's police chief said 14 police officers will face charges for their alleged involvement in the Aug 20 slayings of at least 11 civilians at a soccer game.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani met with Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, a strong supporter of the US-led war in Iraq. Talabani is on a weeklong visit to Italy, which includes talks with the country's top officials and a meeting at the Vatican with Pope Benedict XVI.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Three gunmen in a speeding car killed a defense lawyer in the Saddam Hussein trial and wounded another, raising doubts whether Iraqis can conduct such a sensitive prosecution in the midst of insurgency and domestic turmoil.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Israel's rescue service welcomed a proposal by the international Red Cross to introduce a new emblem that will pave the way for Israel's inclusion into the lifesaving organization.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, A fleet of Japanese whaling ships left for the seas of Antarctica amid protests Tuesday, aiming to kill 850 minke whales, almost double last year's catch, and expand the hunt to fin whales for the first time.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Liberia held runoff elections.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, One month after South Asia's Oct. 8 earthquake, the estimated death toll shot up sharply to 87,350 following a new count of Pakistan's casualties.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Callixte Kalimanzira (52), a suspected leader of Rwanda's 1994 genocide, surrendered in Tanzania to the international court trying the architects of the slaughter.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Tibet's spiritual leader the Dalai Lama spoke in Washington DC and accused the Chinese authorities of imposing "very, very repressive" policies in his Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the nearly 180,000-strong multinational force in Iraq for a year, a move the United States called a significant signal of international commitment to Iraq's political transition.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, Vietnam, the country hit hardest by bird flu, reported its 42nd death, which occurred Oct 29, raising the toll in Asia to at least 63. The Swiss maker of Tamiflu said it had stopped selling the antiviral drug in China and was turning over supplies to the government.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, President Robert Mugabe told the US ambassador to Zimbabwe to "go to hell," after the envoy blamed the country's economic and political crisis on mismanagement and corrupt rule. Police detained several trade union leaders and were out in force ahead of planned demonstrations to protest worsening living conditions in Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2006        Nov 8, Pres. Bush announced the resignation of Donald Rumsfeld, US Defense Secretary, and named Robert Gates (63), the current president of Texas A&M Univ., to succeed Rumsfeld. Rumsfeld’s letter of resignation was dated Nov 6, but Pres. Bush waited till after elections to make the announcement.
    (SFC, 11/9/06, p.A13)(SFC, 8/14/07, p.A7)
2006        Nov 8, Democratic gains in Congress were seen around the world as a rejection of the US war in Iraq that led some observers to expect a reassessment of the American course there. The victory would make Nancy Pelosi, Representative of SF, the 1st woman and the 1st Californian to serve as speaker of the House. Pelosi promised a 6-pronged action plan: A new direction for America, to be enacted within 100 hours of becoming speaker.
    (AP, 11/8/06)(SFC, 11/8/06, p.A1)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.38)
2006        Nov 8, US Democrats took over Republican–held mansions in 6 states to boast 28 of the nation’s 50 governors. In Massachusetts Deval Patrick succeeded Mit Romney; in Ohio Ted Strickland won over Kenneth Blackwell by 24 percent; Bill Ritter won in Colorado.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.39)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
2006        Nov 8, NATO launched airstrikes as clashes in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar killed 28 suspected Taliban militants. Earlier in Zhari, police fought for three hours with Taliban fighters. The clash left six Taliban dead and four wounded. Suspected Taliban ambushed a police convoy on the main Kandahar-Kabul highway in Shahjoy district of southern Zabul province, killing two police and wounding five. Taliban attacked a police post on a highway about 15 miles southeast of Khost. One policeman was killed and two wounded, and the bodies of about five militants, some dismembered, were left on the battlefield.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 8, In Barbados the new Trinidad-based Caribbean Court of Justice, in its first death penalty ruling, dismissed an appeal by the Barbados government that sought to restore execution orders for two convicted murderers.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Canada's homicide rate rose for the second straight year in 2005, fueled in part by an increase in gang-related violence, according to new government statistics.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, The European Commission set Turkey a mid-December deadline to open its ports to shipping from Cyprus or face consequences for its troubled EU membership bid.
    (Reuters, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Indonesian troops found detonators and 63 tons of explosive powder on a Chinese ship anchored off Batam island after it broke down in the Malacca Strait.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Iraq's parliament voted to extend the country's state of emergency for 30 more days. A pair of mortar rounds slammed into a soccer field while young men were playing a game in a Shiite district of Baghdad as more than 60 people were killed in attacks nationwide.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Israeli tank shells crashed into a residential neighborhood north of the town of Beit Hanoun, killing at least 18 people including eight children in their sleep. Israeli forces attacked a group of Palestinian militants near the West Bank town of Jenin, killing four and a civilian. Hamas' exiled leader, Khaled Mashaal, says a 2005 truce with Israel is finished and appealed to all Palestinian factions to resume attacks.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, In Italy gunmen in the Naples area used a stolen ambulance in the drive-by killing of a fellow mob member. At least 9 murders over the last two weeks in the city have prompted calls for tough measures.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, A Kenyan environmentalist and Nobel Peace Prize winner called on people around the world to plant 1 billion trees in the next year, saying the effort is a way ordinary citizens can fight global warming.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Nepal's Maoists declared an end to a decade of armed struggle and renounced violence following a landmark peace deal with the Himalayan nation's ruling parties.
    (AFP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Former Marxist Daniel Ortega, who battled a US-backed insurgency in the 1980s, returned to Nicaragua's presidency calling for reconciliation, stability and a renewed fight against poverty. Ortega won 38% of the vote, a 9 point lead over Eduardo Montealegre.
    (AP, 11/8/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.43)
2006        Nov 8, A suicide attack at Pakistan's main army training base killed at least 42 soldiers. Suspicion fell on pro-Taliban militants who had vowed revenge for a deadly helicopter attack on an Islamic school last month.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, Serbia's parliament formally adopted a new constitution reasserting Serbia's claim over Kosovo and ruling out possible independence for the predominantly ethnic Albanian province.
    (AP, 11/8/06)
2006        Nov 8, In Sri Lanka an artillery blitz on a rebel-held area killed about 65 civilians. Next day the government expressed regret, but blamed the Tamil Tigers for using human shields.
    (AFP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 8, The UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly Wednesday to urge the United States to end its 45-year-old trade embargo against Cuba after defeating an amendment calling on Fidel Castro's government to free political prisoners and respect human rights.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

2007        Nov 8, Pres. Bush suffered his first veto override as the Senate voted 79-14 to enact a $23 billion water resources bill already passed by the House. The US Senate confirmed President Bush's nomination of Michael Mukasey to be the new attorney general, 53-40.
    (WSJ, 11/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/08)
2007        Nov 8, John Walters, the White House drug czar, said American-backed counter-narcotic programs in Colombia and Mexico are disrupting the flow of cocaine into the United States, driving up prices 44 percent on US streets this year.
    (AP, 11/8/07)
2007        Nov 8, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, joined by 14 other states, sued the Bush administration over its refusal to let them enforce bigger auto emissions cuts than those required by the federal government.
    (WSJ, 11/9/07, p.A6)
2007        Nov 8, Brazil’s Petrobras reported the discovery of a large oil reserve with as much as 8 billion barrels of crude in a field called Tupi. This represented about 3 months worth of current world supply, with estimated use at 86 million barrels a day. The oil was sitting between 5.3 and 7km below sea level.
    (WSJ, 11/9/07, p.A12)(Econ, 8/30/08, p.36)
2007        Nov 8, Samina Malik (23), who called herself the "Lyrical Terrorist" and penned poems with titles including "How To Behead," became the first woman to be convicted under Britain’s terrorism legislation. In December she was given a suspended 9-month prison sentence and community service.
    (AFP, 11/8/07)(Econ, 12/8/07, p.67)
2007        Nov 8, Britain’s Privy Council ruled that Prince Jefri Bolkiah (53) of Brunei must transfer ownership of 2 US hotels and 3 residences in Los Angeles, London and Paris along with a trust fund to the Brunei Investment Agency. Jefri had failed to return assets in a 2000 agreement to settle accusations of embezzlement.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A31)(http://tinyurl.com/39fvcf)
2007        Nov 8, In southwest China a gas leak at the Qulin mine in Anyone county in Guizhou province killed 35 coal miners.
    (AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/11/07)
2007        Nov 8, Dominican singer-songwriter Juan Luis Guerra swept the Latin Grammy Awards, taking home five musical honors including album of the year, record of the year and song of the year.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
2007        Nov 8, A bridge under construction in a new development in Dubai collapsed, killing seven workers and injuring 15.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 8, German authorities said bank manager in Tuebingen gave loans to a woman for sex and then embezzled thousands of euros to buy the silence of her relatives. In total the man diverted some 520,000 euros (362,033 pounds) from clients' accounts, of which he gave about 70,000 euros to the woman, and kept 40,000 euros for himself.
    (Reuters, 11/8/07)
2007        Nov 8, Georgia's pro-Western Pres. Mikhail Saakashvili said that the country would hold early presidential elections in January to defuse a crisis fueled by protests against him. Troops armed with hard rubber clubs patrolled the center of Tbilisi to enforce a state of emergency imposed after a violent crackdown on anti-government protesters.
    (AP, 11/8/07)
2007        Nov 8, Iraqi and US authorities freed 500 prisoners from a detention system strained to the limit by thousands of new suspects taken in campaigns to secure Baghdad and surrounding areas. Abu Abdullah, also known as Muhammad Sulayman Shunaythir al-Zubai, was killed north of Baghdad. He was later described as described as an experienced bomb maker and former associate of al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. US Army Staff Sgt. Michael Hensley of Candler, N.C., charged with premeditated murder in three deaths, was acquitted of murder but convicted of lesser charges. The 3 deaths occurred April 14, April 27 and May 11 during operations south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/11/07)(AP, 12/26/07)
2007        Nov 8, A US Army UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter crashed in northern Italy, killing at least four people on board and injuring six. Two more soon died in a hospital.
    (AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 8, Nordic countries again dominated the World Economic Forum's ranking of gender-equal countries. New Zealand squeezed into the top five and the US fell to 31st place. Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland retained the top four spots in the 2007 Gender Gap Index released by the Swiss-based think tank.
    (Reuters, 11/8/07)
2007        Nov 8, Pres. Musharaff said Pakistan's parliamentary elections will he held by mid-February, a month later than planned, a day after Pres. Bush urged him to hold the vote on time. Opposition leader Benazir Bhutto denounced the pledge as insufficient and said Musharaff should step down as army chief within a week.
    (AP, 11/8/07)
2007        Nov 8, In Yemen tribesmen attacked an oil installation and then clashed with government troops, leaving 12 people dead. It was the second attack on the country's oil industry this week.
    (AP, 11/8/07)

2008        Nov 8, On Long Island, NY, 7 students from Patchogue-Medford High School attacked Marcelo Lucero (38), an immigrant from Ecuador. Jeffrey Conroy (17) stabbed and killed Lucero as he struggled to defend himself. Police soon arrested the 7 teens. In 2010 Jeffrey Conroy (19) was convicted of manslaughter.
    (SFC, 11/22/08, p.A6)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2008        Nov 8, Li Ximing (82), Beijing's Communist Party boss during the bloody 1989 crackdown on pro-democracy protests, died.
    (AP, 11/11/08)
2008        Nov 8, Congolese soldiers advanced toward rebel lines in renewed fighting that threatens a tenuous cease-fire around the eastern provincial capital Goma.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
2008        Nov 8, In Guatemala 15 bodies were found after a bus burned on an unpaved road in a mountain valley about 90 miles (140 kilometers) east of the capital, Guatemala City. The bus had originated in Nicaragua and all the bodies had been shot before being set on fire. On March 31, 2009, Investigators in Guatemala announced that a drug gang was responsible for the grisly killings of 15 Nicaraguans and a Dutch man aboard the bus. In 2010 Juan Carlos Policarpi was convicted sentenced to multiple life terms. Rony Terraza was also convicted and sentenced to three years in prison. Authorities arrested a former police officer in connection with the attack and sought seven more people in the case.
    (AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 4/1/09)(AP, 6/9/10)
2008        Nov 8, In India at least five people were killed when they tried to dismantle a discarded artillery shell in the northern town of Meerut.
    (AFP, 11/8/08)
2008        Nov 8, PM Nouri al-Maliki called for changes to the Iraqi constitution to give more power to the central government, especially in security and other key fields. Kurdish politicians promptly dismissed al-Maliki's proposals, defending their regional rule. Iraq's presidential council signed off on legislation giving Christians and other religious minorities fewer guaranteed seats on provincial councils than the UN and some political groups had recommended. A suicide bomber slammed his car into a police checkpoint, killing eight civilians and wounding 17 policemen on a highway near Ramadi.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
2008        Nov 8, In New Zealand John Key's center-right National Party swept to power on a theme of change in elections, ending the nine year reign of Helen Clark's Labor Party. National, with 59 seats, supported by the libertarian Act Party with 5 seats and United Future with one seat, won the 122-seat parliament. Mr. Key had made a fortune as a currency trader and by 2014 it was valued at $40 million.
    (AFP, 11/8/08)(WSJ, 11/10/08, p.A14)(Econ, 9/27/14, p.43)
2008        Nov 8, In Pakistan police found the bullet-ridden bodies of the two men in the North Waziristan tribal region after a tip from residents. Militants claimed they were spies for the United States and dumped their bodies with a warning in a Pakistani border region at the center of a campaign of suspected American missile strikes. Fighting reported elsewhere in Pakistan's volatile northwest left 29 militants and three Pakistani soldiers dead. Security forces fatally shot a local journalist in the Swat Valley area. Mohammad Shoaib, worked for the Azadi newspaper and apparently did not stop his vehicle when signaled to do so.
    (AP, 11/8/08)(AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 8, A group of European lawmakers sailed from Cyprus into Gaza, defying an internationally backed blockade of the Hamas-run territory with activists promising to send more visitors and goods to end the coastal strip's isolation.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
2008        Nov 8, Mieczyslaw Rakowski (81), politician and former editor of Polityka magazine, died.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.99)
2008        Nov 8, The fire safety system on a brand-new Russian nuclear submarine accidentally turned on as the sub was being tested in the Sea of Japan, spewing chemicals that suffocated 20 people and sent 21 others to the hospital. The dead included 17 civilians and 3 seamen. Construction of the Nerpa, an Akula II class attack submarine, started in 1991 but was suspended for years because of a shortage of funding. Testing on the submarine began last month and it submerged for the first time last week.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 8, Sudanese security banned two newspapers from publishing after they protested against draconian censorship measures and arrests of journalists.
    (AFP, 11/8/08)
2008        Nov 8, Kenneth Dale Peters (55), an American tourist, was shot and killed and a friend wounded, in an apparent robbery attempt aboard a sailboat on Venezuela's Caribbean coast. On Nov 12 regional police arrested Jose Rodriguez, Jonas Marcano and Johan Isazis. They will face charges of homicide and attempted homicide.
    (AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 11/13/08)

2009        Nov 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai pledged that there would be no place for corrupt officials in his new administration, a demand made by Washington and its international partners as they ponder sending more troops to confront the Taliban and shore up his government. Some 350 Taliban prisoners began a hunger strike at a prison in Kandahar.
    (AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 8, Brazil’s private Bandeirante University in Sao Bernardo do Campo, outside Sao Paulo, expelled Geisy Arruda (20) for wearing a short, pink dress to class, publicly accusing her of immorality. Arruda made headlines after an Oct. 22 incident, in which she had to be escorted away by police after wearing the mini-dress to class. The dean of the private college in suburban Sao Paulo released the next day announcing a decision to reinstate her. On Oct 6, 2010, Judge Rodrigo Gorga Campos ordered Bandeirante University to pay Geisy Arruda 40,000 reals ($23,800) in damages.
    (AP, 11/9/09)(AP, 11/10/09)(AP, 10/7/10)
2009        Nov 8, At the start of the two-day Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Egypt China's Premier Wen Jiabao pledged $10 billion in low interest loans to African nations over the next three years and said Beijing would cancel the government debts of some of the poorest of those countries.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, Colombia said it will appeal to the UN Security Council and the OAS after Hugo Chavez, the fiery leftist president of neighboring Venezuela, ordered his army to prepare for war in order to assure peace.
    (Reuters, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 8, The Democratic Republic of Congo government said security forces in an overnight raid on the town of Dongo have arrested about 100 armed men blamed for killing dozens of policemen in an attack in the country's isolated north last month.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, In El Salvador a wave of floods and landslides killed at least 192 people following three days of heavy rains. Dozens of people were missing in a mudslide that swept down on the town of in Verapaz. Hurricane Ida's presence in the western Caribbean late last week may have played a role in drawing the rain-packed Pacific low-pressure system toward El Salvador.
    (AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/11/09)(AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 8, In India joyous Buddhist pilgrims welcomed the Dalai Lama back to the Himalayan town he first set foot in five decades ago while fleeing Chinese rule in his native Tibet, a rare trip close to his homeland that has angered Beijing.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, In Iraq 2 American pilots were killed in a helicopter crash while a Marine died of noncombat related injuries in a separate incident.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 8, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded market in Adazai, 10 miles south of Peshawar, killing anti-Taliban Mayor Abdul Malik, who had formed a militia to fight the militants, and 11 other people. The latest fighting in the Taliban heartland killed 20 militants and wounded eight soldiers.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, Saudi Arabia’s assistant defense minister said Saudi forces have taken control of Dokhan mountain straddling the border with Yemen and cleared it of Shiite rebels, in five days of fighting that saw three soldiers killed and 15 wounded.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, Turkey said that Sudan's internationally indicted leader, President Omar al-Bashir, will not attend the Nov 9 Istanbul summit of the 57-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference.
    (AP, 11/9/09)

2010        Nov 8, President Barack Obama backed India for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, a dramatic diplomatic gesture to his hosts at the end of his first visit to this booming nation. The White House said Indian and US companies have discussed or signed over $14.9 billion in deals around President Barack Obama's trip that will support 53,670 US jobs.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, David Cordova (56), a retired Denver fire lieutenant, was among 35 alleged traffickers indicted by a US federal grand jury on suspicion of smuggling 20 kg (44 pounds) of cocaine a week from Mexico to Colorado. Cordova was arrested last week in a roundup of the alleged ring.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, An indictment was unsealed that charged 29 people in a sex trafficking ring in which Somali gangs in Minneapolis and St. Paul allegedly forced girls under age 14 into prostitution. 17 people were arrested in Minnesota, 9 in Tennessee and 3 remained at large.
    (SFC, 11/9/10, p.A6)
2010        Nov 8, Video posted on the CBS News website showed an object flying through the evening sky over southern California that left a large contrail, or vapor trail. A news helicopter owned by KCBS, a CBS affiliate in Los Angeles, shot the video. Pentagon officials were stumped by the event.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, The American Carnival Splendor luxury liner, carrying nearly 3,300 passengers and almost 1,200 crew members, became crippled after fire erupted in its engine room. The blaze crippled the ship's propulsion system, leaving the vessel dead in the water and forcing Carnival to cancel the rest of its voyage. The next day the nuclear-powered USS Ronald Reagan began delivering supplies to the marooned vessel and plans were made to tow the ship to San Diego.
    (Reuters, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Oakland, Ca., Derrick Jones (37) was shot a killed by police a block from his hair salon. Officers said they mistook a scale he was carrying for a gun. In 2013 Oakland agreed to pay $225,000 to settle a suit filed by his parents and daughter.
    (SSFC, 2/24/13, p.C12)
2010        Nov 8, In Michigan high school freshman Samantha Kelly hanged herself after enduring taunting from classmates for accusing a senior of rape. Prosecutors were forced to drop criminal charges against Joseph Tarnopolski (18), saying they had no case without the accuser’s testimony.
    (SFC, 11/11/10, p.A8)
2010        Nov 8, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by a bomb. Another died following an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 11/8/10)(AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Argentina 1976 coup leader Emilio Eduardo Massera (85) died after suffering for years from a heart condition and dementia that left him too ill to be tried for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 11/8/10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.98)
2010        Nov 8, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard said the government plans to hold a referendum within three years on whether to amend its constitution to acknowledge the Aborigines as the first Australians.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, Qantas extended the grounding of its Airbus A380 superjumbos for at least three more days after finding oil leaks in some engines, heightening safety fears after two mid-air blow-outs last week.
    (AFP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, Britain’s PM David Cameron departed for a 2-day trip to China. He brought along 4 cabinet ministers and 50 businessmen. Cameron hoped to double trade with China over the next five years.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.65)
2010        Nov 8, Five Church of England bishops announced they are converting to Catholicism following an invitation to disaffected Anglicans from Pope Benedict XVI, the highest-profile defectors among conservatives opposed to gay bishops and female clergy.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Chile two mine workers, 24 and 40 years old, were killed at the Los Reyes mine on their first day on the job. The National Geology and Mining Service said the mine was illegal and unregistered.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, In south-central Congo at least 42 people were killed when a truck overturned on the country's poorly maintained roads. 16 children were among the dead from the crash in Kasai-Oriental province.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Germany a shipment of nuclear waste arrived at a railway depot in Dannenberg after a nearly three-day trip from France that was regularly disrupted by protests. The waste was set to be loaded onto trucks for the final 12-mile (20-km) leg of the trip to a storage site at Gorleben.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, Haiti health officials said the cholera epidemic has spread into the capital, imperiling nearly 3 million people living in Port-au-Prince, nearly half of them in unsanitary tent camps for the homeless from the Jan. 12 earthquake. The outbreak had already killed at least 544 people.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In India Bodo militants in Assam state began killing innocent people to avenge the killing of a suspected rebel. 22 people were killed by the end of the week.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A4)
2010        Nov 8, In Indonesia frightened residents abandoned their homes in Yogyakarta, a bustling city of 400,000 at the foot of Mount Merapi, as authorities warned the volcano could erupt again at any time. 153 people have been killed in the last two weeks.
    (AP, 11/8/10)(AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi said that opposition to the Iranian government is growing, spurred by an increase in government violence, more human rights violations and deepening poverty. Ebadi has lived outside her homeland since a day before last year's disputed presidential elections.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Iraq leaders of all the main political blocs met for the first time since March elections in a new push to break the eight-month deadlock over forming a new government. Car bombs struck Karbala and Najaf killing 14 people.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, Israel said it is moving ahead with plans to build 1,300 new apartments in disputed east Jerusalem. The new $11 million performing arts center opened in Ariel, an Israeli enclave of 19,000 people. In August, more than 60 Israeli actors and playwrights signed a letter saying they would not perform in the new cultural center.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, Mexican police arrested Manuel "The Sow" Fernandez Valencia, a reputed Sinaloa cartel associate. He was suspected of plotting with cartel capo Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, one of Mexico's most wanted drug lords, to smuggle eight tons of marijuana into the US by the end of this year. Gregorio Barradas Mirabete, the mayor of Juan Rodriguez Clara, a small town in southern Veracruz state, was kidnapped and killed, along with two others.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Myanmar fighting between ethnic rebels and government troops has sent at least 10,000 refugees fleeing into Thailand just after a widely criticized election expected to usher in a parliament sympathetic to the military regime. Thai officials said that fighting had died down, and government troops had regained control of Myawaddy.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Nigeria an oil rig in the volatile Delta region was attacked and 7 crew members were taken hostage. A security source said the crew included 2 Americans, 2 French, 2 Indonesians and a Canadian.
    (AFP, 11/8/10)(AFP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Pakistan a local court in Nankana district, Punjab province, sentenced to death Asia Bibi (45), a farmworker and Christian mother of five, for blasphemy. In 2014 the Lahore High Court of appeals upheld the death sentence.
    (AFP, 11/11/10)(SFC, 10/17/14, p.A3)
2010        Nov 8, In Russia Anatoly Adamchuk, a journalist who works for a suburban Moscow paper, was beaten up by two unknown men. He had written about efforts to protect forests around Moscow.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Slovakia Ernest Valko (57), the former chief judge of Czechoslovakia's Constitutional Court, was shot to death in his home in Limbach. As a lawyer, he represented the Slovak government and served as a legal adviser for the National Property Fund, an institution in charge state property privatization.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, Three gunmen from Somalia crossed the Kenyan border and killed a community organizer working with Somali refugees.
    (AP, 11/8/10)
2010        Nov 9, Turkey’s Pres. Abdullah Gul received this year’s Chatham House prize from Britain’s queen.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.60)
2010        Nov 8, In Uruguay Gen. Miguel Dalmao was convicted of murder and sent to prison, becoming the first active member of Uruguay's military to be jailed for human rights violations committed during the country's 1973-85 dictatorship. Also imprisoned was Col. Jose Chialanza, who like Dalmao was convicted of "especially aggravated homicide" in the 1974 death of Nibia Sabalsagaray. Sabalsagaray was found hanged in her cell shortly after being captured.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 8, In Western Sahara a paramilitary gendarme and a fireman were killed and almost 70 people badly injured when Moroccan forces raided a camp outside Laayoune. A Moroccan raid to clear a refugee camp in the Western Sahara left at least 12 refugees dead and more than 700 wounded, while another 159 are missing. Moroccan authorities announced 11 deaths on their side after the clash.
    (AFP, 11/8/10)(AFP, 11/9/10)(AFP, 11/11/10)(AFP, 11/13/10)
2010        Nov 8, Anwar al-Awlaki, a US-born radical Yemeni cleric linked to previous attacks on the US, called for Muslims around world to kill Americans in a new video message posted on radical websites.
    (AP, 11/8/10)

2011        Nov 8, A 1,300 foot-wide asteroid, known as 2005 YU55, passed within 201,700 miles of Earth. This was its closest approach in 200 years.
    (SFC, 11/9/11, p.A6)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.96)
2011        Nov 8, In Arizona Russell Pearce, architect of Arizona's anti-illegal immigration bill SB1070, became the first sitting state senate president to be recalled.
    (http://tinyurl.com/c5ocmg5)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.43)
2011        Nov 8, Cartoonist Bil Keane (b.1922) died at his home in Arizona. His "Family Circus" comics entertained readers with a simple but sublime mix of humor and traditional family values for more than a half century.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, San Francisco’s Interim Mayor Ed Lee was elected mayor under the city’s new ranked choice voting system, becoming the first Chinese-American to be elected as SF mayor.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 8, Georgia voters in 105 of 127 voted to end a century-old ban on the sale of alcohol on Sundays. 
    (SFC, 11/12/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 8, An accident at the Idaho National Laboratory caused at least two workers to suffer internal exposure to plutonium.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 8, In Springfield, Ill., a municipal water district employee encountered problems with the city’s water pump control system and a technician determined the system had been remotely hacked into from a computer located in Russia. It was later determined that the problem was caused by a plant contractor traveling in Russia.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A7)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A13)
2011        Nov 8, Ohioans decisively rejected the state's collective-bargaining law night, repealing Republican Governor John Kasich's signature legislation in a referendum that could reverberate into 2012. SB5 would have prevent public-employee unions from collective bargaining, prohibited strikes and forced teachers, police offers and firefighters to contribute a set amount toward their health benefits and pensions.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Washington state voters approved plans to privatize the states 328 liquor outlets and open the business to warehouse stores and supermarkets.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.43)
2011        Nov 8, Activision released the video game “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3," developed Infinity Ward and Sledgehammer Games. It sold a record $750 million in its first five days.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, SR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_of_Duty:_Modern_Warfare_3)
2011        Nov 8, In eastern Afghanistan up to 70 Taliban fighters were killed after trying to attack a foreign troop base in Paktika province. Mohammad Akbar, the governor of Sar Hawza district in Paktika, died in hospital after his car struck a roadside bomb in the province. A rogue Afghan soldier shot and wounded 3 Australian troops at a joint base at Charmistan, Uruzgan province. In February, 2012, a Taliban video had Mohammed Roozi talking about how he attacked Australian and Afghan soldiers at Patrol Base Nasir, saying he turned a machine gun and rocket launcher on them before going into hiding.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)
2011        Nov 8, Australia passed its controversial pollution tax in a sweeping and historic reform aimed at lowering carbon emissions blamed for climate change, after years of fierce debate.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Brazil students voted for the strike after police raided an administration building and arrested 70 students who were protesting police patrols on the campus of the University of Sao Paulo. Students complained they are subjected to random searches and intimidation by police on campus.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, A British court ruled that Roman Catholic priests are equivalent to employees, a decision that could pave the way for victims of sexual abuse to win damages from the church.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Cambodia Hun Hean, the former police chief of Banteay Meanchey, confessed to accepting over $100,000 in bribes during the final day of a corruption trial against him and four of his subordinates. On Nov 15, he was convicted and sentenced to 4 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/6/12, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/7lwyk7x)
2011        Nov 8, Diplomats said Eritrea's president has asked for a personal hearing before the UN Security Council in a bid to head off new sanctions over alleged support for Somalia's Islamist rebels.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, A French court ruled that the News of the World had violated the privacy of former world motorsport chief Max Mosley when it published photographs of him in a sadomasochistic orgy. The court fined Rupert Murdoch's News Group, publisher of the now-defunct tabloid, 10,000 euros ($13,800) and ordered it to pay 7,000 euros in damages for violating Mosley's privacy, but said there was no defamation. Mosley (71) had already won a case in a British court against News Group, after the News of the World published a front-page story in March 2008 entitled "F1 boss has sick Nazi orgy with 5 hookers."
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Guatemala drug trafficker Elio Lorenzana Cordon, wanted for extradition to the United States, was captured outside Guatemala City by US and Guatemalan authorities.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Guinea outlawed all "public rallies" held without prior authorization, such as meetings or street markets. It came less than a week before a planned November 14 march in the capital by Guinean lawyers who accuse the Conakry governor of detaining three human rights activists including a lawyer since Nov 3.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Boston-based Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti said it has filed claims with the United Nations seeking damages on behalf of more than 5,000 Haitian cholera victims and their families.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In northern India a stampede killed 16 Hindu pilgrims and injured about 50 during a religious ceremony on the banks of the Ganges River at Haridwar in Uttrakhand state.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Indonesian police said they had arrested a British-born man accused of molesting nine children following a tip-off from authorities in Britain. The 61-year-old man, who became an Indonesian citizen after changing his nationality, was also allegedly involved in an online child pornography network.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Iraq US forces handed Joint Base Balad, a sprawling base north of Baghdad that once housed some 36,000 personnel, over to Iraqi control.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, Israel’s Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said only crippling sanctions against Iran's central bank and its oil and gas industries will force Tehran to halt its nuclear drive. The UN atomic agency said for the first time that Iran is suspected of conducting secret experiments whose sole purpose is the development of nuclear arms.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)(AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Italy’s PM Berlusconi offered a conditional resignation after he failed to reach a parliamentary majority in a key vote. He said he would step down if Parliament passes an austerity package demanded by the EU.
    (SFC, 11/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 8, In Liberia Africa's first elected female president headed toward easy re-election with her sole opponent boycotting a runoff, and ignoring entreaties from the United States and the UN to participate in what observers said was a free and fair vote. Sirleaf won 90.8% of votes cast and Tubman 9%. Only 37.4% of 1.8 million registered voters cast their ballots.
    (AP, 11/8/11)(AFP, 11/11/11)
2011        Nov 8, Mexican police found the heads of two men in a residential area of Mexico City. Police found their bodies inside a stolen car nearby.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Nicaragua two clashes among rival political groups killed four people and injured 12 following the Nov 6 presidential election.
    (AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Nigeria it was reported that that nearly all the Christians and non-natives of Yobe state had fled their homes in Damaturu, the state capital, following Boko Haram attacks that killed more than 100 people.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari promised to work with the United States to "eradicate" the militant Haqqani network, a pledge made during a meeting with visiting American congressmen, according to one of the lawmakers. It was unclear whether Zardari had the power to make good on his pledge, given the influence of the military in Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Palestinian foreign minister admitted for the first time there is not enough support in the UN Security Council for recognition of a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Philippine justice secretary barred former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo from seeking medical treatment abroad while she faces complaints of electoral cheating.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, In Poland a transsexual woman and an openly gay man took seats in the newly elected parliament, historic firsts that reflect profound social change in this traditionally Roman Catholic country. Both belong to Palikot's Movement, a new progressive party that became the third-largest party in parliament in the Oct. 9 election.
    (AP, 11/8/11)
2011        Nov 8, Syrian activists reported that 20 people were killed across the country, including eight soldiers and 12 civilians, among them a child. The UN said the death toll from the eight-month Syrian uprising has reached 3,500.
    (AP, 11/8/11)(AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, The Syrian opposition urged authorities in neighboring Lebanon to act over reports that more than a dozen of their members in that country have been kidnapped.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 8, In South Korea Vietnam agreed to seek greater nuclear energy cooperation with South Korea, opening the way for its participation in a project to build atomic power plants at home.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)

2012        Nov 8, The US Navy said 7 members of SEAL Team 6 have been punished for disclosing classified information to the maker of a video game.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A10)
2012        Nov 8, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said damages from Superstorm Sandy could total $33 billion. At least 119 American were killed with damages in 15 states. The total bill ran up to $42 billion with $32 billion for repairs and restoration and $9 billion for preventive measures.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A11)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.35)(SFC, 11/27/12, p.A6)
2012        Nov 8, Texas lawyer Marco Antonio Delgado, a former Carnegie Mellon Univ. trustee, pleaded not guilty to laundering over $600 million for a Mexican drug cartel. Homeland Security Investigations linked him to the Guadalajara-based Milenio cartel, active until 2010.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A19)
2012        Nov 8, Alvin Williams Jr., a senator in the US Virgin Islands, was arrested after being indicted by a grand jury in a public corruption case.
    (SFC, 1/17/13, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/ao85ge6)
2012        Nov 8, In Afghanistan 10 civilians, including a child and four men, died as their vehicle struck a land mine in Helmand province. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up amid a police patrol in Kandahar city, killing the 3 policemen and wounding two.  5 troops died when their convoy hit a land mine in Laghman province. 2 boys were killed by a roadside bomb in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, In Argentina hundreds of thousands, angry over inflation, crime and corruption, flooded the streets of Buenos Aires for nearly four hours to protest against Pres. Cristina Fernandez in the biggest anti-government demonstration in years. Other demonstrations were held on plazas across Argentina.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 8, Canada's Supreme Court decided against global drug giant Pfizer Inc in a high-profile case, ruling that a patent on its Viagra erectile dysfunction drug was no longer valid.
    (Reuters, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, China's ruling communists opened a pivotal congress to initiate a power handover to new leaders with a nod to their revolutionary past and a broad promise of cleaner government while keeping off-stage the main even. President Hu Jintao warned that unrestrained graft threatened to topple the party's continued rule.
    (AP, 11/8/12)    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 8, In China Jinpa Gyatso, a Tibetan nomad in western Qinghai, died after setting himself on fire.
    (AP, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, In Ghana the Argentinian crew of the seized ARA Libertad displayed weapons and prevented Ghanaian officials from boarding the vessel. Ports officials said the ship is costing more than $500,000 per day in lost berthing fees.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 8, In Iraq 3 car bombs in towns south of Baghdad killed four people and injured 16 others.
    (AP, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, An explosives-packed tunnel under the Gaza-Israel frontier blew up in what the Israeli military called an attempt by Palestinian militants to kill or kidnap soldiers. This set off a cycle of violence including Israeli airstrikes    .
    (AP, 11/11/12)
2012        Nov 8, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives into a compound housing Rangers, a paramilitary force in Karachi, killing three officers and wounding 20.
    (AP, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, In Russia Israeli President Shimon Peres opened the new Jewish Museum and Center of Tolerance. It tells the history of Jewry through people's stories, which come alive in video interviews and interactive displays. The $50 million museum was built under the patronage of President Vladimir Putin, who in a symbolic move in 2007 donated a month of his salary — about $5,600 — to its creation.
    (AP, 11/16/12)(http://en.rian.ru/russia/20121108/177294289.html)
2012        Nov 8, South African opposition parties submitted a motion of no confidence against President Jacob Zuma saying that corruption and unemployment have risen, the justice system has been politicized and the economy has weakened. The ruling party called the move a publicity stunt.
    (AP, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North rebels said that they ambushed a military patrol killing 10 soldiers and shot down a government warplane in the Nuba Mountains of South Kordofan state, after its bombs killed 2 civilians.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 8, In Syria rebels took over the border crossing of Ras al-Ayn.
    (AP, 11/8/12)
2012        Nov 8, The Syrian National Council conference in the Qatari capital of Doha failed to promote a single woman to the decision-making group of 41 members. SNC chief Abdelbaset Sieda said he was "so sad" and would try to add four women to the general secretariat by decree.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2013        Nov 8, American influence in culture, science and education around the world took a high-profile blow after the US automatically lost voting rights at UNESCO, after missing a crucial deadline to repay its debt to the world's cultural agency.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, US prosecutors said a son of Suriname's president invited people he thought were from the Lebanese paramilitary group Hezbollah to set up a base in his country to attack Americans in exchange for millions of US dollars.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a bus in Zabul province, killing 9 people, including five women. In Kandahar province another roadside bomb killed 3 people.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, A British court martial board convicted a royal marine of murder following the execution of an injured insurgent in Afghanistan. The board ruled that Marine A, was guilty of killing the man in cold blood in Helmand Province more than two years ago. Sergeant Alexander Blackman was named on Dec 5, after a judge dismissed his claim that his identity should be protected for his own safety. On Dec 6 Blackman was sen tneced to at least 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/8/13)(AP, 12/5/13)(AP, 12/6/13)
2013        Nov 8, Merlin, an entertainment group, successfully floated shares on the London stock market. A year earlier it had opened a Legoland theme park in Malaysia.
    (Econ, 11/16/13, p.72)
2013        Nov 8, In Chile forensic test results showed no chemical agents in the bones of Nobel Prize-winning poet Pablo Neruda. His family and driver were not satisfied and said they'll request more proof.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Denmark said it would provide transport and security for the international effort to destroy Syria's arsenal of chemical weapons, after receiving a request from the UN.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, A European Union prosecutor indicted 15 former ethnic Albanian rebels suspected of torturing, mistreating and murdering civilians detained in central Kosovo during the 1998-99 war against Serbia.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Egypt a child and another person died in clashes between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president in Cairo.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Ghana's Pres. John Dramani Mahama fired his deputy communications minister, Victoria Hammah, after she was recorded saying that she would stay in politics only until she had made one million dollars.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Greek authorities detained a cargo ship carrying large quantities of weapons and ammunition.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Iraq a double bombing targeting a Sunni mosque in Baghdad and other attacks around the country killed at least 19 people.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Libya at least 4 people died in overnight clashes between militias in the center of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)(AP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 8, Libyan protesters prevented a tanker from loading 600,000 barrels of crude bound for Italy at the eastern port of Hariga, blocked by a strike for more than two months.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Madagascar officials said the presidential race will go to a run-off vote next month between two candidates linked to the island's main political rivals, after an inconclusive first round.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Malawi police said they have arrested axed justice minister Ralph Kasambara over a failed assassination attempt in September on a corruption-busting treasury official.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In northern Mali 3 people were killed during clashes between the MNLA Tuareg separatist group and the Malian army.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest storms on record, slammed into six central Philippine islands. As many as 10,000 people are believed dead just in Tacloban, Leyte Island, as one of the worst storms ever recorded unleashed ferocious winds and giant waves that washed away homes.
    (AP, 11/8/13)(AFP, 11/9/13)(AP, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Portugal a 24-hour strike by government workers disrupted public services as labor groups continue their battle against pay and pension cuts and the loss of entitlements.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Somalia a huge blast outside a top hotel in Mogadishu killed at least 4 people. Al Shabaab rebels soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/9/13)(Reuters, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 8, South Africa's government took to the courts to delay the release of an investigation into a $19 million taxpayer-funded upgrade of President Jacob Zuma's private residence at Nkandla in rural KwaZulu-Natal province. Police said 14 police officers and tax officials have been arrested since last month as part of a crackdown on crimes committed by police or people impersonating police officials.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)(AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, A Spanish court ordered nine imprisoned members of the Basque militant group ETA freed to comply with a controversial European rights ruling made last month.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, In Syria forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad backed by a dawn barrage of artillery fire and airstrikes drove rebels from a strategic military base near the disputed northern city of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri has ordered the disbanding of the main jihadist faction in Syria, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, in an audio message aired on Al-Jazeera. He said the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is to be abolished, while the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) remains functioning.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Uganda's Pres. Yoweri Museveni tested for HIV in public to encourage millions of untested people to check their status, a critical step to stemming the spread of the virus in the East African country.
    (AP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, The UN said emergency plans are under way to vaccinate more than 20 million children in the Middle East after polio resurfaced in war-torn Syria.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)
2013        Nov 8, Venezuela's Pres. Nicolas Maduro ordered the "occupation" of the Daka chain of electronic goods stores in a crackdown on what the government views as price-gouging hobbling the country's economy. The annual rate was now at 54 percent.
    (Reuters, 11/9/13)

2014        Nov 8, In Afghanistan Col. Mohammad Yasin, chief of staff for Gen. Mohammad Zahir, was killed in a suicide bomb attack targeting Zahir, Kabul’s chief of police. At least seven others were wounded.
    (AP, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 8, The African Union, African Development Bank and regional business leaders meeting in in Ethiopia announced a crisis fund to help areas hit by the Ebola outbreak.
    (AFP, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 8, In Brazil At least 7 people were killed after a passenger bus was forced off a bridge when another vehicle tried to pass it in Bahia state.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, China’s President Xi Jinping announced the creation of a $40 billion Silk Road infrastructure fund to boost connectivity across Asia.
    (Reuters, 11/8/14)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.61)
2014        Nov 8, The central banks of China and Canada said they have agreed to a currency swap worth 200 billion yuan ($32.67 billion) or C$30 billion, effective for three years.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 8, The foreign ministers of China and Japan held talks ahead of a hoped-for meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe after more than two years of frozen high-level contacts.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, Ministers from Pacific Rim countries endorsed a call to formally start work on a free-trade initiative seen as an effort by China to raise its influence in trade policy. 21 Asia Pacific countries agreed to cooperate on the extradition of corrupt officials, enhance asset recovery efforts and establish an anti-corruption transparency network to share intelligence on graft.
    (AP, 11/8/14)(Reuters, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, The French military said 24 jihadists were killed in a recent operation carried out in northern Mali that left one French soldier dead. A news release from Operation Barkhane said that two other extremists had been captured during the late October offensive in the region of Kidal.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, Guatemala's President Otto Perez Molina apologized to 33 communities of indigenous Achi people who were forced to abandon their homes to make way for construction of the Chixoy hydroelectric dam during Guatemala's civil war. The government agreed to provide $153.8 million in compensation for the damage inflicted on the Achi.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In India Dr. R.K. Gupta performed more than 80 sterilization surgeries after which 13 women died. Two days later, another camp was held in the same Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh. One woman died and more than a dozen fell ill with shock and vomiting. Gupta, who had gone into hiding, was arrested on Nov 12 at a relative's home near Bilaspur.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)(AP, 11/13/14)
2014        Nov 8, In Iraq car bombs killed 20 people, including 5 soldiers, in Baghdad in attacks that resembled operations carried out by Islamic State militants. An air strike destroyed 10 Islamic State (IS) vehicles after what was believed to have been a gathering of its leaders. Iraqi sources said the strike was near Qaim, US sources said it was near Mosul.
    (Reuters, 11/8/14)(Reuters, 11/9/14)(SSFC, 11/9/14, p.A3)
2014        Nov 8, Israeli police opened fire in the Arab village of Kfar Kana against a knife-wielding man attempting to stab policemen. Unknown-sourced footage later appeared to portray a different story. The grainy security camera material showed a man repeatedly banging on the window of a police vehicle. When officers emerged to confront him, he began to backpedal and was then shot. The shooting sparked large protests.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, Libyan state security guards started a protest at the 120,000 barrels a day Hariga oil port in the east, halting any oil exports.
    (Reuters, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, North Korea released Americans Kenneth Bae and Matthew Miller and both were on their journey back to the United States.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, Pakistani soldiers fighting in Khyber tribal region who battled militants overnight found 17 bodies dumped in the countryside, identifying them all as insurgents.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In Romania some 10,000 people protested, accusing the government of limiting voting from citizens living abroad in last weekend's presidential polls.
    (AFP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In southern Spain a bus carrying a group on a religious excursion crashed, killing 14 people and injuring another 38.
    (AP, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 8, South Sudanese rebels accused the government of violating their latest ceasefire deal, just hours after both sides pledged to end almost a year of fighting.
    (Reuters, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In Sudan a sword-wielding man described as "insane" killed two soldiers before being shot dead as he tried to enter the palace in Khartoum where President Omar al-Bashir has his offices. The man was identified as Salah Kafi Quwa, and said to be originally from the town of Kadugli, South Kordofan state, where insurgents were battling the government.
    (AFP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In Syria Islamic State shelling killed 2 civilians and wounded four others, including a child, at a camp for people forced by violence from Kobane to the west of the town. US-led air strikes overnight hit jihadist positions in the north and east, including an oil field. 2 people were killed.
    (AFP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In eastern Ukraine Associated Press reporters saw more than 80 unmarked military vehicles on the move in rebel-controlled areas, indicating that intensified hostilities may lie ahead.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, Pope Francis removed American Cardinal Raymond Burke (66) as head of the Holy See's supreme court. Burke had championed campaigns to deny Communion to Catholic politicians who support legalized abortion.
    (AP, 11/8/14)
2014        Nov 8, In Yemen Al-Qaeda claimed its militants killed "dozens" of Shiite rebels in Rada, hours after the formation of a new government intended to take the strife-torn country out of crisis. Yemen's ruling political party, still headed by the country's former leader Ali Abdullah Saleh, removed the country's sitting president, Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, from its top ranks.
    (AP, 11/8/14)

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