Today in History - November 8
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392 Nov 8,
Theodosius of Rome passed legislation prohibiting all pagan worship
in the empire and declared Christianity the state religion.
(HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)
397 Nov 8, Martin of Tours, [St
Martin], bishop of Tours, died. [see Nov 11]
1226 Nov 8, Louis VIII (39),
the Lion, King of France (1223-26), died. He was succeeded by Louis
(HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)
1308 Nov 8, John Duns Scotus
(42), Scottish-born theologian and philosopher, died in Germany.
Scotus and his adherents came under attack by critics in the 16th
century, giving rise to the term "dunce."
1494 Nov 8, Uprising against
Piero de' Medici in Florence, Italy.
1519 Nov 8, The Aztec and
their leader, Moctezuma, welcomed Hernando Cortez and his 650
explorers to their capital at Tenochtitlan. Spanish adventurer
Hernando Cortez and his force of about 300 Spanish soldiers, 18
horses and thousands of Mexico's native inhabitants who had grown
resentful of Aztec rule marched unmolested into Tenochtitlán, the
capital city of the Aztec empire. The Aztec ruler Montezuma,
believing that Cortez could be the white-skinned deity Quetzalcoatl,
whose return had been foretold for centuries, greeted the arrival of
these strange visitors with courtesy--at least until it became clear
that the Spaniards were all too human and bent on conquest. Cortez
and his men, dazzled by the Aztec riches and horrified by the human
sacrifice central to their religion, began to systematically plunder
Tenochtitlán and tear down the bloody temples. Montezuma's warriors
attacked the Spaniards but with the aid of Indian allies, Spanish
reinforcements, superior weapons and disease, Cortez defeated an
empire of approximately 25 million people by August 13, 1521.
(ATC, p.16)(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A3) (HNPD, 11/8/98)
1575 Nov 8, French Catholics
and Huguenots signed a treaty.
1576 Nov 8, All 17 provinces of
the Netherlands united in the Pacification of Ghent in the face of
Spanish occupation. The 17 provinces of the Netherlands formed a
federation to maintain peace.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 11/6/98)
1590 Nov 8, Francesco Gonzaga,
composer, was born.
1620 Nov 8, The King of Bohemia
was defeated at the Battle of White Mountain, Prague. With Hapsburg
support in Bohemia the Catholics defeated the Protestants at the
Battle of the White Mountain. Weeks of plunder and pillage followed
in Prague and after a few months the victors tortured and executed
27 nobles and other citizens and hung 12 heads on iron hooks from
the Bridge Tower.
(NH, 9/96, p.24)(HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)
1647 Nov 8, Pierre Bayle
(d.1706), French-Dutch theologian, philosopher, and writer, was
born. He authored the “Historical and Critical Dictionary.” "If an
historian were to relate truthfully all the crimes, weaknesses and
disorders of mankind, his readers would take his work for satire
rather than for history."
(WUD, 1994, p.128)(AP, 11/19/97)(WSJ, 12/2/97,
1656 Nov 8, Edmond Halley,
mathematician and astronomer who predicted the return of the comet
which is named for him, was born.
1674 Nov 8, John Milton (65),
English poet (Paradise Lost), died. His work included
“Paradise Lost,” Paradise Regained,” and “Samson Agonistes.” Milton
lost one eye at 36 and the other when he was 44. In 1952 Prof.
Sensabaugh (d.2002 at 95) authored “In That Grand Whig, Milton,” an
examination of Milton’s political tracts. In 1996 Paul West wrote a
novel: “Sporting with Amaryllis,” that begins in 1626 and gives a
fictional account of his life. In 1997 Peter Levy wrote a biography
of Milton titled: “Eden Renewed.”
(WUD, '94, p.911)(WSJ, 5/6/97, p.A20)(AP,
12/9/97)(MC, 11/8/01)(SFC, 2/28/02, p.A20)
1685 Nov 8, Fredrick William of
Brandenburg issued the Edict of Potsdam, offering Huguenots refuge.
1732 Nov 8, John Dickinson
(d.1808), US statesman and publicist, was born. He authored “The
Liberty Song” in 1768.
(WUD, 1994 p.400)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.D2)
1789 Nov 8, Bourbon Whiskey,
1st distilled from corn, was made by Elijah Craig in Bourbon, Ky.
1793 Nov 8, The Louvre opened
in Paris as a museum. It was originally constructed as a fortress in
the early thirteenth century.
(HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)
1817 Nov 8, Andrea Appiana
(63), Italian royal painter of Napoleon, died.
1828 Nov 8, Thomas Bewick
(b.1753), English engraver and ornithologist, died. In 2007 Jenny
Uglow authored “Nature’s Engraver: A Life of Thomas Bewick.”
1829 Nov 8, Lord William
Bentinck, Governor-General of the East India Company, called for the
abolition of sati (suttee), the practice of a widow burning herself
to death on her husband's funeral pyre. [see Dec 4]
1830 Nov 8, Oliver Otis Howard
(d.1909), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1831 Nov 8, Edward R.L.
Bulwer-Lytton (d.1891), English writer, was born.
1837 Nov 8, Mount Holyoke
Seminary, the 1st US college exclusively for women, opened in South
1838 Nov 8, Victor Hugo's "Ruy
Blas," premiered in Paris.
1847 Nov 8, Bram Stoker,
author, was born. His novels included “Dracula” (1897). [see Nov 24]
(WUD, 1994 p.432)(HN, 11/8/00)
1849 Nov 8, Edward Julius
Biedermann, composer, was born.
1854 Nov 8, Johannes Robert
Rydberg (d.1919), Swedish physicist, was born. He is mainly known
for devising the Rydberg formula, in 1888, which is used to predict
the wavelengths of photons (of light and other electromagnetic
radiation) emitted by changes in the energy level of an
electron in an hydrogen atom.
1861 Nov 8, Union Captain
Charles Wilkes of the sloop San Jacinto seized Confederate
commissioners John Slidell and James M. Mason from the British mail
ship Trent. Lincoln's response to uproar: "One war at a time." The
Confederates were released. In 1977 Norman F. Ferris authored “The
Trent Affair: A Diplomatic Crisis.”
(HN, 11/6/98)(ON, 1/01, p.7)(MC, 11/8/01)
1864 Nov 8, President Abraham
Lincoln was re-elected with Andrew Johnson as his vice-president.
Lincoln won with 55% of the popular vote.
(HN, 11/6/98)(SFC, 12/21/98, p.A3)(ON, 12/03,
1865 Nov 8, Thomas Sayers
(b.1826), English bare-knuckle fighter, died. He was the first boxer
to be declared the World Heavyweight Champion.
1869 Nov 8, The
transcontinental railway arrived in Oakland, Ca., with a stop at
Suisun City. The Mariposa pulled 6 coaches into Oakland at 7th and
(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W27)(SFC, 9/3/99, p.A4)(SFC,
1878 Nov 8, Marshall Walter
Taylor, "Major Taylor," the world's fastest bicycle racer for a
twelve-year period, was born.
1879 Nov 8, Leon Trotsky,
Russian communist leader who rivaled Lenin, was born. [see Oct 26]
1880 Nov 8, Sarah Bernhardt,
French actress, made her US debut at NY's Booth Theater.
1883 Nov 8, Arnold Edward
Trevor Bax, composer (Farewell My Youth), was born in London,
1884 Nov 8, Hermann Rorshach,
Swiss psychiatrist, was born. He was the inventor of the inkblot
1887 Nov 8, Emile Berliner, a
German immigrant working in Washington D.C., patented his
gramophone, a successful system of sound recording. Berliner was the
first inventor to stop recording on cylinders and start recording on
flat disks or records.
1887 Nov 8, Doc Holliday, who
fought on the side of the Earp brothers during the Gunfight at the
O.K. Corral sixty years earlier, died of tuberculosis after waking
from a 57 day delirium in Glenwood Springs, Colo. He downed a glass
of whiskey and said: “I’ll be damned!” and died. In 2001 Bruce Olds
authored the novel “Bucking the Tiger,” based on the life of
(HN, 11/6/98)(MesWP)(SFC, 7/29/00, p.E3)(SSFC,
9/9/01, DB p.70)
1889 Nov 8, Montana became the
(HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)
1890 Nov 8, Cesar-Auguste
Franck (67), Belgian organist and composer (Symphony in D), died.
1892 Nov 8, Former President
Cleveland beat incumbent Benjamin Harrison and became the first
(and, to date, only) president to win non-consecutive terms in the
1895 Nov 8, Wilhelm Konrad von
Röntgen (50), German physicist, discovered X-rays.
1900 Nov 8, Margaret Mitchell
(d.1949), American writer, was born. She found success in her first
and only novel, “Gone With the Wind.”
1900 Nov 8, Albert Friedrich
Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and molecular biology pioneer, was
1900 Nov 8, Theodore Dreiser’s
first novel “Sister Carrie” was published by Doubleday, but was
recalled from stores shortly due to public sentiment.
1904 Nov 8, Theodore Roosevelt
(R) defeated Alton B. Parker (D) in US presidential elections.
Roosevelt had succeeded the assassinated William McKinley.
(HN, 11/6/98)(AP, 11/8/04)
1908 Nov 8, Victorien Sardou
(77), French opera author (Madame Sans-Gene), died.
1909 Nov 8, Katherine Hepburn,
American actress, was born. She won four Oscars. Her movies included
“Bringing Up Baby,” “The Philadelphia Story” and “The African
1909 Nov 8, In San Francisco a
street naming commission, appointed by Mayor Edward Taylor,
submitted a report that recommended changing numbered avenues in the
Richmond and Sunset to Spanish names in alphabetical order. Western
neighborhoods opposed the suggestions and after some effort
compromises were adopted.
(SFC, 6/21/14, p.C1)
1909 Nov 8, Alberto Erede,
Italian conductor, was born.
1910 Nov 8, Democrats prevailed
in congressional elections for the first time since 1894.
1914 Nov 8, In San Francisco
Lincoln Beachey thrilled some 100,000 people with aerial flights
from exposition grounds and the wrecking of an artificial warship
with bombs dropped from 2,000 to 4,000 feet.
(SSFC, 11/9/14, p.42)
1916 Nov 8, Peter Ulrich Weiss,
German novelist and dramatist, was born. His work included
“Marat/Sade” and “The Investigation.”
1917 Nov 8, The People's
Commissars "gave" authority to Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin.
1922 Nov 8, Christiaan Barnard,
South African surgeon, was born. He performed the first human heart
transplant operation. [see Oct 8]
1923 Nov 8, Jack S. Kilby
(d.2005) was born in Jefferson City, Mo. In 2000 he received the
Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the microchip (1958).
(SFC, 12/11/00, p.A2)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)
1923 Nov 8, Adolf
Schicklgruber (Hitler) launched his first attempt to seize power
with a failed coup in Munich, Germany, that came to be known as the
Beer-Hall Putsch. He proclaimed himself chancellor and Ludendorff
dictator. After the unsuccessful beerhall putsch, he wound up in
jail writing "Mein Kampf." Mein Kampf, was sub-titled Four-and-Half
Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice. The Nazi
dictator wrote much of Mein Kampf (My Struggle) while in prison in
1923 and 1924 for attempting to overthrow the German government. The
work became the bible of the Nazi Party and a blueprint for the
(TMC, 1994, p.1923)(AP, 11/8/97)(HN,
1926 Nov 8, George Gershwin's
musical "Oh, Kay," premiered in NYC.
1928 Nov 8, George and Ira
Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl," premiered in NYC.
1931 Nov 8, Morley Safer, TV
newscaster (60 Minutes), was born.
1932 Nov 8, New York Gov.
Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated incumbent Herbert Hoover for the
presidency. Roosevelt became the 32nd president with about 87% of
the Electoral College.
(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(HNQ, 11/7/00)
1933 Nov 8, President Roosevelt
unveiled the Civil Works Administration, designed to create jobs for
more than 4 million unemployed.
1935 Nov 8, Alain Delon, French
actor (Honor Among Thieves, Return of Zorro), was born.
1938 Nov 8, Crystal Bird Fauset
of Pa., became the first African American woman to be elected to a
1939 Nov 8, The H. Lindsay and
R. Crouse play "Life With Father," based on the book by Clarence
Day, opened on Broadway.
(AP, 11/8/99)(MC, 11/8/01)
1939 Nov 8, There was a failed
assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich.
1940 Nov 8, The MV City of
Rayville, an American freighter carrying a cargo of lead, wool and
copper from Australia to New York, sank in the Bass Strait after
striking a German mine, a year before the United States entered the
war. One seaman drowned while trying to recover personal items from
the sinking vessel but 37 other crew survived. In 2009 the wreck was
found off of Australia’s southeastern coast.
1942 Nov 8, Operation Torch
began during World War II as U.S. and British forces landed in
French North Africa. Gen’l. Eisenhower landed with American troops
in Algiers, Casablanca.
(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(WSJ, 6/4/98,
1942 Nov 8, Hitler proclaimed
the fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall.
1942 Nov 8, Vichy-France
dropped diplomatic relations with US.
1944 Nov 8, In Hungary Jews
under Nazi custody and the command of Adolf Eichmann began marches
of 120 miles to the Austrian border.
(ON, 10/20/11, p.3)
1944 Nov 8, In Hungary Peter
Balazs (18) was fatally beaten to death for failing to wear a yellow
star marking him as a Jew. In 2009 Australia agreed to extradite
Charles Zentai (87) to face charges regarding the fatal beating of
Balazs. In 2012 Australia said Mr Zentai cannot be surrendered for
extradition because the offence of 'war crime' did not exist under
Hungarian law at the time of his alleged criminal conduct.
1945 Nov 8, A riverboat sank
off Hong Kong and 1,550 were killed.
1949 Nov 8, Bonnie Raitt,
country singer (Green Light, The Glow), was born in Burbank, Ca.
1950 Nov 8, During the Korean
conflict the first all-jet air combat took place over Korea as U.S.
Air Force Lieut. Russell J. Brown shot down a North Korean MiG-15.
It lasted about 30 seconds.
(SFC, 10/11/97, p.E3) (AP, 11/8/97)
1953 Nov 8, Salazar's party won
all parliament seats in Portugal.
1956 Nov 8, UN demanded USSR
1957 Nov 8, Romance of the
Skies, a Pan Am luxury airliner enroute to Hawaii from San
Francisco, crashed in the Pacific Ocean. Only a handful of bodies
and some wreckage were found. A crew of 6 and 38 passengers had been
booked on the flight.
(SSFC, 11/4/07, p.A1)
1959 Nov 8, Tunisian Pres.
Habib Bourguiba's Nes Destour party won every chair.
1960 Nov 8, Massachusetts Sen.
John F. Kennedy was elected 35th president by 118,550 popular votes.
He defeated Richard Nixon in the US pres. elections. Popular legend
later held that the political machine of Richard Daley in Chicago
provided the necessary votes for Kennedy to win Illinois (27
electoral votes) and the elections. The Electoral College result was
303 to 219.
(SFEC, 8/31/97, p.B5)(AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 1/18/98,
Par p.2)(HN, 11/6/98)
1960 Nov 8, Hawaiians voted for
the first time in a US presidential election. John Kennedy beat
Richard Nixon by a margin of 2115 votes.
1961 Nov 8, Pres. Kennedy
concluded talks with India’s PM Nehru.
1965 Nov 8, The American
television soap opera “Days of Our Lives” premiered with Frances
Reid (1914-2010) as Alice Horton. Reid spent over 40 years playing
Alice Horton on the daytime soap.
1965 Nov 8, The US Higher
Education Act became law. It was intended to strengthen the
educational resources of US colleges and universities and to provide
financial assistance to students in postsecondary and higher
education. The student loan system was part of Lyndon Johnson’s
Great Society program.
1966 Nov 8, Pres. Johnson
signed anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger.
1966 Nov 8, Ronald Reagan
defeated Pat Brown by over a million votes to become governor of
California. Reagan had defeated former SF Mayor George Christopher
in the primary.
(AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(SFC,
9/15/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966 Nov 8, Republican Edward
Brooke (1919-.2014) of Massachusetts became the first
African-American elected to the Senate by popular vote in 85 years.
(AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(SSFC, 1/4/15, p.C9)
1974 Nov 8, Charges were
dropped against eight Ohio National Guardsmen for their role in the
deaths of four anti-war protestors at Kent State University. On
March 29 a federal grand jury had indicted 8 National Guardsmen for
the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings.
1974 Nov 8, Singer Connie
Francis (b.1938) was raped in her hotel room after a concert at the
Westbury Music Fair on Long Island, NY.
(SFC, 9/1/96, Par.
1974 Nov 8, Debi Kent
disappeared in Salt Lake City, Utah. She was later identified as
another victim of Theodore “Ted” Bundy (1946-1989), the Green River
Murderer, who would be officially convicted of killing 36 women and
executed on January 24, 1989, in Florida.
1977 Nov 8, In San Francisco
154 candidates ran for 11 district seats for the Board of
Supervisors. Voters elected all 6 incumbent Board of Supervisors:
Robert Gonzales, Gordon Lau, Dianne Feinstein, John Molinari,
Quentin Kopp and Ronald Pelosi; newcomers on the city’s first
district-elected board included Harvey Milk, Carol Ruth Silver, Dan
White, Lee Dolson and Ella Hill Hutch. Dan White, former police
officer, was forced to resign from his job as a firefighter the next
(SFC, 11/6/97, p.A25)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W23)(SFC,
11/7/02, p.E2)(SSFC, 2/28/10, p.E2)
1978 Nov 8, Norman Rockwell
(b.1894), American artist, died. He had created nearly 4,000
illustrations that included 321 covers for the Saturday Evening
Post. In 2013 Deborah Solomon authored “American Mirror: The Life
and Art of Norman Rockwell.”
T10,11)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.F5)
1979 Nov 8, Bernard Slade's
"Romantic Comedy," premiered in NYC.
1979 Nov 8, ABC-TV aired
"Iran Crisis: American Held Hostage" with Frank Reynolds 4 days
after the beginning of the Iran hostage crisis. The late-night news
program evolved into “Nightline” on March 24, 1980. Ted Koppel
(b.1940) soon became the anchor of nightly news on Iranian Hostages
1982 Nov 8, China announced the
creation of its first batch of national parks.
(Econ, 9/14/13, SR
1983 Nov 8, In SF Mayor Diane
Feinstein won her final 4-year term as mayor. Voters backed policy
measures asking for an end to bilingual voting.
(SSFC, 11/9/08, DB p.58)
1983 Nov 8, Wilson Goode was
elected as the first black mayor of the city of Philadelphia.
1983 Nov 8, Martha Layne
Collins (b.1936) was elected as the 56th governor of Kentucky, the
state’s first female governor. She served to 1987.
1986 Nov 8, Former Soviet
official Vyacheslav M. Molotov (96), whose name became attached to
the incendiary bottle bomb known as a "Molotov Cocktail," died.
1987 Nov 8, Eleven people were
killed when a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded as
crowds gathered in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, for a ceremony
honoring Britain's war dead.
1988 Nov 8, The US held
elections and Republican VP George Bush defeated Massachusetts Gov.
Michael Dukakis. Bush was elected the 41st president with 54% of the
popular vote. He and Dan Quail were elected over Dukakis and
Bentson. There have been 14 American vice presidents who have gone
on to serve as president. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Martin Van
Buren, John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester A.
Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman,
Richard M. Nixon, Lyndon Johnson, Gerald Ford, George Bush.
(WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 11/8/98)(HN,
1988 Nov 8, California voters
approved Prop. 98 which required that at least 40% of the state
budget be spent on public schools.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1988 Nov 8, In California 55%
of voters approved Prop. 89 allowing the governor to veto state
parole board decisions releasing inmates with sentences of up to
life in prison.
(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
1988 Nov 8, Evan Bayh, Indiana
secretary of state, was elected as state governor.
1989 Nov 8, In an attempt to
strengthen his 3-week-old leadership, East German Communist Party
chief Egon Krenz ousted the old guard of the ruling Politburo,
replacing them with reformers.
1989 Nov 8, Jordan held
elections. Each voter cast one ballot for an individual candidate
and another for an electoral list. Islamists formed the largest bloc
1990 Nov 8, The play "6 Degrees
of Separation," written by John Guare opened at Vivian Beaumont NYC
for 496 performances.
1990 Nov 8, President Bush
ordered a new round of troop deployments in the Persian Gulf, adding
up to 150-thousand soldiers to the multinational force facing off
1991 Nov 8, The European
Community and Canada imposed economic sanctions on Yugoslavia in an
attempt to stop the Balkan civil war.
1992 Nov 8, Volunteers began
reading aloud the 58,183 names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in
Washington, D.C., as part of a tribute marking the 10th anniversary
of the monument.
1992 Nov 8, Some 350,000 people
rallied in Berlin against racist violence.
1993 Nov 8, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin approved a draft constitution that would strengthen
executive power; it was ratified in a referendum the following
1994 Nov 8, In midterm US
elections Republicans won a majority in the Senate. They gained
control of the House for the first time in 40 years.
(WSJ, 11/9/94)(AP, 11/8/99)
1994 Nov 8, California voters
approved Proposition 187, designed to bar illegal aliens from
education, social services and non-emergency health care. Its
co-author was Alan C. Nelson (d.1997) and Harold Ezell (d.1998 at
61). Nelson had served as head of the federal INS (1982-1989). Prop.
187 was later struck down by the courts.
(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.40)
1994 Nov 8, California voters
passed Prop. 184 with a 72% majority approving the “three strikes”
sentencing law. A 2nd felony can be punished with a double sentence.
A 3rd felony may lead to 25 years in prison.
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)
1994 Nov 8, Bill Frist, M.D.,
was elected Senator from Tennessee. His family founded the HCA
hospital chain. In 1989 Frist authored “Transplant, A Heart
Surgeon's Account of the Life-And-Death Dramas of the New Medicine.”
(Econ, 4/30/05, p.32)(http://frist.senate.gov/)
1994 Nov 8, The UN Security
Council established the Int’l. Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
to prosecute those responsible for the Rwanda genocide. By 2004 18
people were convicted. In 2004 Sylvestre Gacumbitsi, a former
Rwandan mayor, was convicted for his role in the slaughter and
sentenced to 30 years in prison.
4/7/02, p.A19)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.A3)
1994 Nov 8-1994 Nov 21,
Hurricane Gordon caused 1,137 deaths in the Caribbean and eight in
the United States. The storm hit Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti before
1995 Nov 8, Retired General
Colin Powell embraced the Republican Party, but said he would not
run for president or any other political office in 1996 because it
was “a calling that I do not yet hear.”
1995 Nov 8, An air force Fokker
27 crashed in central Argentina’s mountains and killed all 57 on
(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)
1996 Nov 8, Three days after
his re-election, President Clinton said at a news conference that
there always are "a lot of hard feelings" after elections, but he
urged Republicans to put aside politically charged investigations
and work with him to balance the budget and enact campaign finance
1996 Nov 8, Cheyenne Pyle, the
youngest heart transplant patient (90 mins old), was born in Miami
and flown to California for surgery. The infant did not survive.
1996 Nov 8, Bosnian Serb Pres.
Biljana Plavsic announced that he had dismissed General Ratko
(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)
1996 Nov 8, Pres. Mobutu Sese
Seko of Zaire was recuperating from prostate cancer surgery at the
Villa del Mare on the French Mediterranean. Recent Swiss reports put
his holdings in Swiss banks at $4 billion.
(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)
1997 Nov 8, Pres. Clinton
promised a crusade for equal rights for gay and lesbian Americans.
(SFEC, 11/9/97, p.A1)
1997 Nov 8, Evander Holyfield
won the IBF heavyweight title in a fierce fight against Michael
Moorer in Las Vegas.
1997 Nov 8, In Algeria armed
men raided a government-held village and slaughtered 27 people in
(SFC, 11/11/97, p.A13)
1997 Nov 8, Chinese engineers
diverted the Yangtze River to make way for the Three Gorges Dam, the
most ambitious construction project in modern China's history.
1997 Nov 8, The transfer of
Kazakhstan’s capital to Akmola from Almaty was officially
celebrated. The shift was in part made to move the capital away from
the Chinese border.
(WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.47)
1997 Nov 8, From Pakistan it
was reported that thieves had stolen over 2,250 tons of the World
Food Program’s emergency wheat supply in Hairatan, Afghanistan,
since an alliance opposed to the ruling Taliban gained control of
(SFC, 11/8/97, p.A12)
1997 Nov 8, It was reported
that Swiss authorities had evidence that 7 Israeli secret service
agents were involved in a plot to kidnap Athena Roussel, the
12-year-old daughter of Christina Onassis and heir to a $2.4 billion
(SFC, 11/8/97, p.A10)
1998 Nov 8, Rep. Bob
Livingston, R-La., predicted he would succeed Newt Gingrich as House
Speaker. He was elected to the post but resigned before taking
office after admitting to marital infidelities.
1998 Nov 8, Four Navy fliers
were lost at sea and presumed dead after their EA-6B Prowler struck
an S-3 Viking aircraft on the carrier Enterprise during nighttime
landing practice off of Virginia. 2 crewmen landed safely on the
(SFC, 11/10/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A1)
1998 Nov 8, Jean Marais, French
actor, died at age 84. His films included the 1946 “Beauty and the
Beast” by Jean Cocteau (d.1963).
(SFC, 11/10/98, p.A24)
1998 Nov 8, In Angola some 50
gunmen dressed in uniforms of the police, government and rebels,
attacked the DiamondWorks mine at Yetwene. At least 6 workers were
killed and dozens were injured.
(WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A16)
1998 Nov 8, In Bangladesh a
judge convicted and sentenced to death 15 former military commanders
for the 1975 assassination of prime minister Sheik Mujibur Rahman.
Only 5 of the convicted were in immediate custody
(SFC, 11/9/98, p.A16)
1998 Nov 8, In China it was
reported that over 5,000 acres of marijuana flourished in Yunnan
province and officials vowed to eliminate it by 2000.
(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A30)
1998 Nov 8, In Mexico the PRI
led gubernatorial elections in Puebla and Sinaloa but lost in
Tlaxcala Alfonso Sanchez Anaya of the leftist Democratic Revolution
(SFC, 11/10/98, p.A12)
1998 Nov 8, In Tibet Ian Baker
and a team sponsored by National Geographic discovered the “Hidden
Falls of Dorge Pagmo.” In 2004 Baker authored “The heart of the
World: A Journey to the Last Secret Place.”
(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.E1)
1998 Nov 8, In Venezuela a
leftist coalition led by Hugo Chavez, the Patriotic Pole movement,
won a majority in parliament. The Democratic Action and Copei
parties won most of the 23 governorships.
(SFC, 11/10/98, p.A10)
1999 Nov 8, President Clinton
participated in a “virtual town hall meeting” on the Internet,
answering questions from pre-screened online users.
1999 Nov 8, Former President
Bush was honored in Germany for his role in the fall of the Berlin
Wall ten years earlier.
1999 Nov 8, MIT received a $100
million gift from software billionaire Kenan Sahin.
(WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A1)
1999 Nov 8, Lester Bowie (58),
jazz trumpeter and founder of the Art Ensemble of Chicago, died of
(WSJ, 11/10/99, p.A1)
1999 Nov 8, In Canada employers
in BC locked out 2,000 waterfront workers and disrupted trade valued
at $60 million per day.
(WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A1)
1999 Nov 8, It was reported
that 2 Congo rebel leaders were resuming their war on Kabila.
(WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A1)
1999 Nov 8, In Georgia Pope
John Paul II stopped to "build new bridges" with the Orthodox Church
and Patriarch Ilia II.
(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A14)
1999 Nov 8, Israeli and
Palestinian negotiators launched landmark talks, giving themselves
an ambitious 100-day deadline to craft the broad outlines of a peace
2000 Nov 8, A statewide recount
began in Florida, which emerged as critical in deciding the winner
of the 2000 presidential election. 19,000 votes were reported
disqualified in West Palm Beach. Early that day, Vice President Al
Gore telephoned Texas Gov. George W. Bush to concede, but called
back about an hour later to retract his concession.
(SFC, 11/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/01)
2000 Nov 8, Waco special
counsel John C. Danforth released his final report absolving the
government of wrongdoing in the 1993 siege at the Branch Davidian
compound in Texas.
2000 Nov 8, In China 11 people
were sentenced to death for their role in a giant smuggling ring,
the Yuanhua Group, that moved some $6.4 billion in goods with the
complicity of mayors, police and customs officers.
(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000 Nov 8, Israeli troops
killed 4 Palestinian teenagers and Palestinian gunmen ambushed and
killed an Israeli woman (24).
(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000 Nov 8, Fusako Shigenobu,
founder of the Japanese Red Army, was arrested in Osaka after 20
(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000 Nov 8, Saudi Arabia opened
its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600
million under exceptions to US sanctions.
(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000 Nov 8, In Tanzania the
National Electoral Commission announced that Pres. Benjamin Mkapa
had won the Oct 29 multi-party elections with 71.7% of the vote. In
Zanzibar Amani Karume was declared president.
(SFC, 11/9/00, p.C5)(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2001 Nov 8,
In a prime-time address, Pres. Bush called on Americans to defy acts
of terror by strengthening their communities, comforting their
neighbors and remaining vigilant in the face of further threats.
2001 Nov 8, U.S. jets struck
Taliban targets across northern Afghanistan and fierce fighting was
reported around the Taliban-held city of Mazar-e-Sharif.
(SFC, 11/8/01, p.A3)(AP, 11/8/02)
2001 Nov 8, Scientists from
Lucent Technologies’ Bell Labs issued a report on “nanotransistors,”
so tiny that 10 million could fit on the head of a pin.
(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A19)
2001 Nov 8, Enron Corp.
disclosed that it had overstated its annual profits by nearly $600
million and had kept over $1 billion off its books since 1997.
(SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)
2001 Nov 8, The European
Central Bank and the Bank of England lowered interest rates by half
(WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A12)
2001 Nov 8, Israeli border
police stormed a building in Baka al-Sharkiyeh where a suicide
bomber killed himself and wounded 2 commandos.
(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)
2001 Nov 8, Pakistan’s Gen.
Pervez Musharraf stopped in Paris and London on his way to meet with
Pres. Bush. He called for an end to military operations before the
month of Ramadan.
(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A3)
2001 Nov 8, In the Philippines
the toll from tropical storm Lingling climbed to at least 350
people. The storm left more than 200 dead and moved to Vietnam.
(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)(SFC,
11/13/01, p.A14)(AP, 11/8/02)
2001 Nov 8, In South Korea Kim
Dae Jung quit as head of the ruling party.
(WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)
2001 Nov 8, A UN helicopter
crashed into the sea off of Sierra Leone. All 7 aboard were presumed
(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A15)
2002 Nov 8, Pres. Bush said the
new UN Resolution 1441 presented the Iraqi regime "with a final
2002 Nov 8, The California
State Medical Board moved to suspend the licenses of Dr. Chae Hyun
Moon and Dr. Fidel Realyvasquez of Redding Medical Center for
performing needless heart surgeries from 1992-2002. In 2003 Tenet
Healthcare, owner of RMC, paid $54 million to settle federal charges
related to the allegations. In 2004 Tenet agreed to pay an
additional $395 million to settle cases with over 769 heart
patients. In 2007 Stephen Klaidman authored “Coronary: A True Story
of Medicine Gone Awry.”
(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A18)(SFC, 12/22/04,
p.A1)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.E1)
2002 Nov 8, China's President
Jiang Zemin opened the Communist Party to businessmen to preserve
its grip on power as he kicked off a congress at which his
generation of leaders is due to retire.
(Reuters, 11/8/02)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.9)
2002 Nov 8, Nigeria's Supreme
Court scrapped limits on the number of political parties, opening
the way for dozens of groups hoping to battle President Olusegun
Obasanjo's ruling party in 2003 elections.
2002 Nov 8, The UN Security
Council unanimously approved a tough new Iraq resolution, aimed at
forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences."
Iraq has until Nov. 15 to accept its terms and pledge to comply.
Iraq has until Dec. 8 to provide weapons inspectors and the Security
Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of its chemical,
biological and nuclear programs. Weapons inspectors have until Dec.
23 to resume their work in Iraq. Weapons inspectors are to report to
the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. If
inspectors resume their work on Dec. 23, the latest they would be
able to report to the council would be Feb. 21, 2003.
2003 Nov 8, Howard Dean
announced he would opt out of the system for publicly financing
elections, and its imposed limits, to better compete against Pres.
(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 8, The new $188
million Carquinez Bridge in Vallejo, Ca., was dedicated. Costs
reached $340 million with the approaches. Traffic began with massive
tie-ups on Nov 11. It was named the Al Zampa Bridge, in honor of
bridge worker Al Zampa (d.2000 at 95). A Nov 16th date was pushed
forward a week to allow Gov. Davis to officiate.
(SFC, 10/2/03, p.A15)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.A22)(SFC,
11/8/03, p.A19)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 8, The AIDS infection
rate in Botswana was reported to be 22% and that few people were
taking advantage of treatment programs.
(SFC, 11/8/03, p.A14)
2003 Nov 8, In Colombia
Arcangel Clavijo, a member of the Liberal Party, was shot and killed
in a nightclub near Cali.
2003 Nov 8, In Iraq insurgents
killed two US paratroopers and wounded another west of Baghdad. In
Tikrit US F-16s battered suspected targets. 5 Iraqis were killed and
16 taken custody in "Operation Ivy Cyclone."
2003 Nov 8, In Saudi Arabia a
suicide car bombing that devastated a Riyadh housing complex,
killing 17 people and wounding more than 120. Officials pointed to
al-Qaida terrorists as responsible.
(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/04)
2003 Nov 8, Rebels in northern
Uganda killed more than 100 civilians in raids over the last five
days. The Lord's Resistance Army raided villages in Lira district.
2004 Nov 8, Jason Bay became
the first Pittsburgh Pirates player to win the National League
Rookie of the Year award, while Oakland shortstop Bobby Crosby took
the American League honor.
2004 Nov 8, A US judge ruled
that military commission proceedings at Guantanamo violate federal
law and Geneva Conventions. The proceedings were halted. An appeals
court reversed the decision on July 15, 2005. The proceedings
resumed on January 9, 2006. On June 29 the Supreme Court rejected
(WSJ, 6/30/06, p.A1)
2004 Nov 8, It was reported
that a new polyester mesh stocking pulled over a weak heart was
effective in reducing heart failure.
(SFC, 11/8/04, p.A2)
2004 Nov 8, A comprehensive
scientific study of the Arctic climate was released and confirmed
that the North is melting, and faster all the time.
2004 Nov 8, China’s state media
reported that China will selectively reduce spending to help trim
its ballooning fiscal deficit.
2004 Nov 8, The U.S. dollar was
eliminated from circulation in Cuba.
2004 Nov 8, In Iraq some 10,000
US and Iraqi troops fought their way into the western outskirts of
Fallujah. A car bomb hit a civilian convoy belonging to coalition
forces on the main highway to Baghdad's airport.
(AP, 11/8/04)(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 8, Israeli police
arrested Zeev Rosenstein on an int’l. warrant for smuggling drugs
(ecstasy) from the EU to the US. The warrant called for extradition
to the US.
(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A7)
2004 Nov 8, In Ivory Coast
clashes with French troops left another 5 people dead and some 250
(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 8, Pitcairn Island
selected its 1st female mayor, Brenda Christian, to fill the post
until a Dec 15 election. Former Mayor Steve Christian was among the
6 men convicted of 5 rape charges.
(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 8, Saudi Arabia's
Crown Prince Abdullah launched $8 billion in development projects in
(WSJ, 11/9/04, p.A1)
2005 Nov 8, The US State
Department issued its 7th annual report to Congress on religious
freedom. It cited Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi
Arabia, Sudan and Vietnam as restricting religious freedom.
2005 Nov 8, The US Supreme
Court ruled that slaughterhouse workers should receive pay for time
spent donning protective gear and heading to the floor.
(WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 8, Democrats cleaned
up big in off-year elections from New Jersey to California.
Democratic Sen. Jon Corzine easily won the New Jersey governor's
seat after an expensive, mudslinging campaign, trouncing Republican
Doug Forrester by 10 percentage points.
2005 Nov 8, California voters
rejected Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's efforts to reshape state
government during a special election that darkened his prospects for
a second term.
(AP, 11/9/05)(SFC, 11/9/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 8, The Kansas Board of
Education voted 6-4 that students will be expected to study doubts
about Darwinian evolutionary theory.
(SFC, 11/9/05, p.A3)
2005 Nov 8, Maine voted to
preserve the state's new gay-rights law.
2005 Nov 8, In Hillsdale,
Michigan, unofficial results showed that Michael Sessions (18) got
732 votes, compared with 668 for Mayor Doug Ingles (51). Once his
victory is certified and he's sworn in - the ceremony is set for
Nov. 21 - he may be the youngest mayor in the USA.
2005 Nov 8, GOP Mayor Michael
Bloomberg easily clinched a second term in heavily Democratic New
2005 Nov 8, In Ohio Cincinnati
voters elected a black mayor for the first time. State Sen. Mark
Mallory defeated Councilman David Pepper, both Democrats, in a
nonpartisan mayoral runoff.
2005 Nov 8, Pennsylvania voters
came down hard on school board members who backed a statement on
intelligent design being read in biology class, ousting eight
Republicans and replacing them with Democrats who want the concept
stripped from the science curriculum.
2005 Nov 8, SF voters rejected
Prop B, which would have allowed $208 million in general obligation
bonds for street and sidewalk improvements; Prop A passed for
capital improvements in the SF Community College District; Prop H
won making it illegal for city residents to possess handguns; Prop F
won ending rotating closure of firehouses. Phil Ting, incumbent
Assessor-Recorder, won his election bid. In 2008 an Appeals court
agreed with 2006 ruling that local governments have no authority
under California law to prevent people from owning pistols.
(SFC, 11/9/05, p.B3)(SFC, 1/10/08, p.B3)
2005 Nov 8, A federal judge
ordered a halt to 1983 court-ordered supervision over SF
desegregation policies. The ruling left school assignments in the
hands of the SF School Board.
(SFC, 11/9/05, p.B1)
2005 Nov 8, In Jacksboro,
Tennessee, Ken Bartley Jr. (15) shot to death assistant principal
Ken Bruce and wounded 2 other school officials with a handgun at
Campbell County Comprehensive High School. On April 10, 2007,
Bartley pleaded guilty to one count of second-degree murder and two
counts of attempted second-degree murder, and was sentenced to 45
years in prison.
2005 Nov 8, Texas voters
overwhelmingly approved a constitutional ban on gay marriage.
2005 Nov 8, Democratic Lt. Gov.
Tim Kaine won a solid victory in GOP-leaning Virginia, beating
Republican Jerry Kilgore by more than 5 percentage points.
2005 Nov 8, Bill O’Reilly,
vented exasperation on his “The Radio Factor” at 2 measures in the
process of being approved by SF voters: a ban on handgun ownership
and a ban on military recruitment in public schools.
(SFC, 11/12/05, p.B1)
2005 Nov 8, Bartolo Colon won
the American League Cy Young Award.
2005 Nov 8, David Westheimer,
American novelist, died in California. His books included “Von
Ryan’s Express” (1964), which was made into a 1965 film, and “My
Sweet Charlie” (1965), which was produced on Broadway in 1966.
(SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)
2005 Nov 8, The first five-star
hotel opened in Kabul, Afghanistan, part of a construction boom that
is changing the face of the capital nearly 4 years after the ouster
of the Taliban.
2005 Nov 8, Police in Australia
arrested 17 suspects in a string of raids and said they had foiled a
major terror attack. Algerian-born Abdul Nacer Benbrika, a prominent
radical Muslim cleric, was among those arrested after the government
strengthened laws to detain those in the early stages of planning
terror acts following the London transport bombings in July.
(AP, 11/7/05)(AP, 10/25/10)
2005 Nov 8, Azerbaijan's
election commission annulled the results of the weekend
parliamentary vote in two districts and ordered a recount in
another, while the ruling party claimed victory.
2005 Nov 8, Chinese President
Hu Jintao arrived in Britain for a 3-day state visit that will
include a banquet dinner with Queen Elizabeth II and trade talks
with PM Tony Blair. Jintao faced protests from human rights
campaigners upon his arrival in London.
2005 Nov 8, The EU said Morocco
will join its Galileo satellite navigation program, becoming the
first African nation to participate in the project that aims to
rival the US' GPS system.
2005 Nov 8, President Jacques
Chirac declared a state of emergency, paving the way for curfews to
be imposed on riot-hit cities and towns in an extraordinary measure
to halt France's worst civil unrest in decades after 12 nights of
2005 Nov 8, Haiti's police
chief said 14 police officers will face charges for their alleged
involvement in the Aug 20 slayings of at least 11 civilians at a
2005 Nov 8, Iraqi Pres. Jalal
Talabani met with Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, a strong
supporter of the US-led war in Iraq. Talabani is on a weeklong visit
to Italy, which includes talks with the country's top officials and
a meeting at the Vatican with Pope Benedict XVI.
2005 Nov 8, Three gunmen in a
speeding car killed a defense lawyer in the Saddam Hussein trial and
wounded another, raising doubts whether Iraqis can conduct such a
sensitive prosecution in the midst of insurgency and domestic
2005 Nov 8, Israel's rescue
service welcomed a proposal by the international Red Cross to
introduce a new emblem that will pave the way for Israel's inclusion
into the lifesaving organization.
2005 Nov 8, A fleet of Japanese
whaling ships left for the seas of Antarctica amid protests Tuesday,
aiming to kill 850 minke whales, almost double last year's catch,
and expand the hunt to fin whales for the first time.
2005 Nov 8, Liberia held runoff
2005 Nov 8, One month after
South Asia's Oct. 8 earthquake, the estimated death toll shot up
sharply to 87,350 following a new count of Pakistan's casualties.
2005 Nov 8, Callixte
Kalimanzira (52), a suspected leader of Rwanda's 1994 genocide,
surrendered in Tanzania to the international court trying the
architects of the slaughter.
2005 Nov 8, Tibet's spiritual
leader the Dalai Lama spoke in Washington DC and accused the Chinese
authorities of imposing "very, very repressive" policies in his
2005 Nov 8, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the nearly
180,000-strong multinational force in Iraq for a year, a move the
United States called a significant signal of international
commitment to Iraq's political transition.
2005 Nov 8, Vietnam, the
country hit hardest by bird flu, reported its 42nd death, which
occurred Oct 29, raising the toll in Asia to at least 63. The Swiss
maker of Tamiflu said it had stopped selling the antiviral drug in
China and was turning over supplies to the government.
2005 Nov 8, President Robert
Mugabe told the US ambassador to Zimbabwe to "go to hell," after the
envoy blamed the country's economic and political crisis on
mismanagement and corrupt rule. Police detained several trade union
leaders and were out in force ahead of planned demonstrations to
protest worsening living conditions in Zimbabwe.
2006 Nov 8, Pres. Bush
announced the resignation of Donald Rumsfeld, US Defense Secretary,
and named Robert Gates (63), the current president of Texas A&M
Univ., to succeed Rumsfeld. Rumsfeld’s letter of resignation was
dated Nov 6, but Pres. Bush waited till after elections to make the
(SFC, 11/9/06, p.A13)(SFC, 8/14/07, p.A7)
2006 Nov 8, Democratic gains in
Congress were seen around the world as a rejection of the US war in
Iraq that led some observers to expect a reassessment of the
American course there. The victory would make Nancy Pelosi,
Representative of SF, the 1st woman and the 1st Californian to serve
as speaker of the House. Pelosi promised a 6-pronged action plan: A
new direction for America, to be enacted within 100 hours of
(AP, 11/8/06)(SFC, 11/8/06, p.A1)(Econ, 11/11/06,
2006 Nov 8, US Democrats took
over Republican–held mansions in 6 states to boast 28 of the
nation’s 50 governors. In Massachusetts Deval Patrick succeeded Mit
Romney; in Ohio Ted Strickland won over Kenneth Blackwell by 24
percent; Bill Ritter won in Colorado.
(Econ, 11/11/06, p.39)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
2006 Nov 8, NATO launched
airstrikes as clashes in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar
killed 28 suspected Taliban militants. Earlier in Zhari, police
fought for three hours with Taliban fighters. The clash left six
Taliban dead and four wounded. Suspected Taliban ambushed a police
convoy on the main Kandahar-Kabul highway in Shahjoy district of
southern Zabul province, killing two police and wounding five.
Taliban attacked a police post on a highway about 15 miles southeast
of Khost. One policeman was killed and two wounded, and the bodies
of about five militants, some dismembered, were left on the
2006 Nov 8, In Barbados the new
Trinidad-based Caribbean Court of Justice, in its first death
penalty ruling, dismissed an appeal by the Barbados government that
sought to restore execution orders for two convicted murderers.
2006 Nov 8, Canada's homicide
rate rose for the second straight year in 2005, fueled in part by an
increase in gang-related violence, according to new government
2006 Nov 8, The European
Commission set Turkey a mid-December deadline to open its ports to
shipping from Cyprus or face consequences for its troubled EU
2006 Nov 8, Indonesian troops
found detonators and 63 tons of explosive powder on a Chinese ship
anchored off Batam island after it broke down in the Malacca Strait.
2006 Nov 8, Iraq's parliament
voted to extend the country's state of emergency for 30 more days. A
pair of mortar rounds slammed into a soccer field while young men
were playing a game in a Shiite district of Baghdad as more than 60
people were killed in attacks nationwide.
2006 Nov 8, Israeli tank shells
crashed into a residential neighborhood north of the town of Beit
Hanoun, killing at least 18 people including eight children in their
sleep. Israeli forces attacked a group of Palestinian militants near
the West Bank town of Jenin, killing four and a civilian. Hamas'
exiled leader, Khaled Mashaal, says a 2005 truce with Israel is
finished and appealed to all Palestinian factions to resume attacks.
2006 Nov 8, In Italy gunmen in
the Naples area used a stolen ambulance in the drive-by killing of a
fellow mob member. At least 9 murders over the last two weeks in the
city have prompted calls for tough measures.
2006 Nov 8, A Kenyan
environmentalist and Nobel Peace Prize winner called on people
around the world to plant 1 billion trees in the next year, saying
the effort is a way ordinary citizens can fight global warming.
2006 Nov 8, Nepal's Maoists
declared an end to a decade of armed struggle and renounced violence
following a landmark peace deal with the Himalayan nation's ruling
2006 Nov 8, Former Marxist
Daniel Ortega, who battled a US-backed insurgency in the 1980s,
returned to Nicaragua's presidency calling for reconciliation,
stability and a renewed fight against poverty. Ortega won 38% of the
vote, a 9 point lead over Eduardo Montealegre.
(AP, 11/8/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.43)
2006 Nov 8, A suicide attack at
Pakistan's main army training base killed at least 42 soldiers.
Suspicion fell on pro-Taliban militants who had vowed revenge for a
deadly helicopter attack on an Islamic school last month.
2006 Nov 8, Serbia's parliament
formally adopted a new constitution reasserting Serbia's claim over
Kosovo and ruling out possible independence for the predominantly
ethnic Albanian province.
2006 Nov 8, In Sri Lanka an
artillery blitz on a rebel-held area killed about 65 civilians. Next
day the government expressed regret, but blamed the Tamil Tigers for
using human shields.
2006 Nov 8, The UN General
Assembly voted overwhelmingly Wednesday to urge the United States to
end its 45-year-old trade embargo against Cuba after defeating an
amendment calling on Fidel Castro's government to free political
prisoners and respect human rights.
2007 Nov 8, Pres. Bush suffered
his first veto override as the Senate voted 79-14 to enact a $23
billion water resources bill already passed by the House. The US
Senate confirmed President Bush's nomination of Michael Mukasey to
be the new attorney general, 53-40.
(WSJ, 11/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/08)
2007 Nov 8, John Walters, the
White House drug czar, said American-backed counter-narcotic
programs in Colombia and Mexico are disrupting the flow of cocaine
into the United States, driving up prices 44 percent on US streets
2007 Nov 8, California Governor
Arnold Schwarzenegger, joined by 14 other states, sued the Bush
administration over its refusal to let them enforce bigger auto
emissions cuts than those required by the federal government.
(WSJ, 11/9/07, p.A6)
2007 Nov 8, Brazil’s Petrobras
reported the discovery of a large oil reserve with as much as 8
billion barrels of crude in a field called Tupi. This represented
about 3 months worth of current world supply, with estimated use at
86 million barrels a day. The oil was sitting between 5.3 and 7km
below sea level.
(WSJ, 11/9/07, p.A12)(Econ, 8/30/08, p.36)
2007 Nov 8, Samina Malik (23),
who called herself the "Lyrical Terrorist" and penned poems with
titles including "How To Behead," became the first woman to be
convicted under Britain’s terrorism legislation. In December she was
given a suspended 9-month prison sentence and community service.
(AFP, 11/8/07)(Econ, 12/8/07, p.67)
2007 Nov 8, Britain’s Privy
Council ruled that Prince Jefri Bolkiah (53) of Brunei must transfer
ownership of 2 US hotels and 3 residences in Los Angeles, London and
Paris along with a trust fund to the Brunei Investment Agency. Jefri
had failed to return assets in a 2000 agreement to settle
accusations of embezzlement.
(SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A31)(http://tinyurl.com/39fvcf)
2007 Nov 8, In southwest China
a gas leak at the Qulin mine in Anyone county in Guizhou province
killed 35 coal miners.
(AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/11/07)
2007 Nov 8, Dominican
singer-songwriter Juan Luis Guerra swept the Latin Grammy Awards,
taking home five musical honors including album of the year, record
of the year and song of the year.
2007 Nov 8, A bridge under
construction in a new development in Dubai collapsed, killing seven
workers and injuring 15.
2007 Nov 8, German authorities
said bank manager in Tuebingen gave loans to a woman for sex and
then embezzled thousands of euros to buy the silence of her
relatives. In total the man diverted some 520,000 euros (362,033
pounds) from clients' accounts, of which he gave about 70,000 euros
to the woman, and kept 40,000 euros for himself.
2007 Nov 8, Georgia's
pro-Western Pres. Mikhail Saakashvili said that the country would
hold early presidential elections in January to defuse a crisis
fueled by protests against him. Troops armed with hard rubber clubs
patrolled the center of Tbilisi to enforce a state of emergency
imposed after a violent crackdown on anti-government protesters.
2007 Nov 8, Iraqi and US
authorities freed 500 prisoners from a detention system strained to
the limit by thousands of new suspects taken in campaigns to secure
Baghdad and surrounding areas. Abu Abdullah, also known as Muhammad
Sulayman Shunaythir al-Zubai, was killed north of Baghdad. He was
later described as described as an experienced bomb maker and former
associate of al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. US Army
Staff Sgt. Michael Hensley of Candler, N.C., charged with
premeditated murder in three deaths, was acquitted of murder but
convicted of lesser charges. The 3 deaths occurred April 14, April
27 and May 11 during operations south of Baghdad.
(AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/11/07)(AP, 12/26/07)
2007 Nov 8, A US Army UH-60
Blackhawk helicopter crashed in northern Italy, killing at least
four people on board and injuring six. Two more soon died in a
(AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/9/07)
2007 Nov 8, Nordic countries
again dominated the World Economic Forum's ranking of gender-equal
countries. New Zealand squeezed into the top five and the US fell to
31st place. Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland retained the top
four spots in the 2007 Gender Gap Index released by the Swiss-based
2007 Nov 8, Pres. Musharaff
said Pakistan's parliamentary elections will he held by
mid-February, a month later than planned, a day after Pres. Bush
urged him to hold the vote on time. Opposition leader Benazir Bhutto
denounced the pledge as insufficient and said Musharaff should step
down as army chief within a week.
2007 Nov 8, In Yemen tribesmen
attacked an oil installation and then clashed with government
troops, leaving 12 people dead. It was the second attack on the
country's oil industry this week.
2008 Nov 8, On Long Island, NY,
7 students from Patchogue-Medford High School attacked Marcelo
Lucero (38), an immigrant from Ecuador. Jeffrey Conroy (17) stabbed
and killed Lucero as he struggled to defend himself. Police soon
arrested the 7 teens. In 2010 Jeffrey Conroy (19) was convicted of
(SFC, 11/22/08, p.A6)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2008 Nov 8, Li Ximing (82),
Beijing's Communist Party boss during the bloody 1989 crackdown on
pro-democracy protests, died.
2008 Nov 8, Congolese soldiers
advanced toward rebel lines in renewed fighting that threatens a
tenuous cease-fire around the eastern provincial capital Goma.
2008 Nov 8, In Guatemala 15
bodies were found after a bus burned on an unpaved road in a
mountain valley about 90 miles (140 kilometers) east of the capital,
Guatemala City. The bus had originated in Nicaragua and all the
bodies had been shot before being set on fire. On March 31, 2009,
Investigators in Guatemala announced that a drug gang was
responsible for the grisly killings of 15 Nicaraguans and a Dutch
man aboard the bus. In 2010 Juan Carlos Policarpi was convicted
sentenced to multiple life terms. Rony Terraza was also convicted
and sentenced to three years in prison. Authorities arrested a
former police officer in connection with the attack and sought seven
more people in the case.
(AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 4/1/09)(AP, 6/9/10)
2008 Nov 8, In India at least
five people were killed when they tried to dismantle a discarded
artillery shell in the northern town of Meerut.
2008 Nov 8, PM Nouri al-Maliki
called for changes to the Iraqi constitution to give more power to
the central government, especially in security and other key fields.
Kurdish politicians promptly dismissed al-Maliki's proposals,
defending their regional rule. Iraq's presidential council signed
off on legislation giving Christians and other religious minorities
fewer guaranteed seats on provincial councils than the UN and some
political groups had recommended. A suicide bomber slammed his car
into a police checkpoint, killing eight civilians and wounding 17
policemen on a highway near Ramadi.
2008 Nov 8, In New Zealand John
Key's center-right National Party swept to power on a theme of
change in elections, ending the nine year reign of Helen Clark's
Labor Party. National, with 59 seats, supported by the libertarian
Act Party with 5 seats and United Future with one seat, won the
122-seat parliament. Mr. Key had made a fortune as a currency trader
and by 2014 it was valued at $40 million.
(AFP, 11/8/08)(WSJ, 11/10/08, p.A14)(Econ,
2008 Nov 8, In Pakistan police
found the bullet-ridden bodies of the two men in the North
Waziristan tribal region after a tip from residents. Militants
claimed they were spies for the United States and dumped their
bodies with a warning in a Pakistani border region at the center of
a campaign of suspected American missile strikes. Fighting reported
elsewhere in Pakistan's volatile northwest left 29 militants and
three Pakistani soldiers dead. Security forces fatally shot a local
journalist in the Swat Valley area. Mohammad Shoaib, worked for the
Azadi newspaper and apparently did not stop his vehicle when
signaled to do so.
(AP, 11/8/08)(AP, 11/9/08)
2008 Nov 8, A group of European
lawmakers sailed from Cyprus into Gaza, defying an internationally
backed blockade of the Hamas-run territory with activists promising
to send more visitors and goods to end the coastal strip's
2008 Nov 8, Mieczyslaw Rakowski
(81), politician and former editor of Polityka magazine, died.
(Econ, 11/22/08, p.99)
2008 Nov 8, The fire safety
system on a brand-new Russian nuclear submarine accidentally turned
on as the sub was being tested in the Sea of Japan, spewing
chemicals that suffocated 20 people and sent 21 others to the
hospital. The dead included 17 civilians and 3 seamen. Construction
of the Nerpa, an Akula II class attack submarine, started in 1991
but was suspended for years because of a shortage of funding.
Testing on the submarine began last month and it submerged for the
first time last week.
2008 Nov 8, Sudanese security
banned two newspapers from publishing after they protested against
draconian censorship measures and arrests of journalists.
2008 Nov 8, Kenneth Dale Peters
(55), an American tourist, was shot and killed and a friend wounded,
in an apparent robbery attempt aboard a sailboat on Venezuela's
Caribbean coast. On Nov 12 regional police arrested Jose Rodriguez,
Jonas Marcano and Johan Isazis. They will face charges of homicide
and attempted homicide.
(AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 11/13/08)
2009 Nov 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai
pledged that there would be no place for corrupt officials in his
new administration, a demand made by Washington and its
international partners as they ponder sending more troops to
confront the Taliban and shore up his government. Some 350 Taliban
prisoners began a hunger strike at a prison in Kandahar.
(AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/9/09)
2009 Nov 8, Brazil’s private
Bandeirante University in Sao Bernardo do Campo, outside Sao Paulo,
expelled Geisy Arruda (20) for wearing a short, pink dress to class,
publicly accusing her of immorality. Arruda made headlines after an
Oct. 22 incident, in which she had to be escorted away by police
after wearing the mini-dress to class. The dean of the private
college in suburban Sao Paulo released the next day announcing a
decision to reinstate her. On Oct 6, 2010, Judge Rodrigo Gorga
Campos ordered Bandeirante University to pay Geisy Arruda 40,000
reals ($23,800) in damages.
(AP, 11/9/09)(AP, 11/10/09)(AP, 10/7/10)
2009 Nov 8, At the start of the
two-day Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Egypt China's Premier
Wen Jiabao pledged $10 billion in low interest loans to African
nations over the next three years and said Beijing would cancel the
government debts of some of the poorest of those countries.
2009 Nov 8, Colombia said it
will appeal to the UN Security Council and the OAS after Hugo
Chavez, the fiery leftist president of neighboring Venezuela,
ordered his army to prepare for war in order to assure peace.
2009 Nov 8, The Democratic
Republic of Congo government said security forces in an overnight
raid on the town of Dongo have arrested about 100 armed men blamed
for killing dozens of policemen in an attack in the country's
isolated north last month.
2009 Nov 8, In El Salvador a
wave of floods and landslides killed at least 192 people following
three days of heavy rains. Dozens of people were missing in a
mudslide that swept down on the town of in Verapaz. Hurricane Ida's
presence in the western Caribbean late last week may have played a
role in drawing the rain-packed Pacific low-pressure system toward
(AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/11/09)(AP, 11/15/09)
2009 Nov 8, In India joyous
Buddhist pilgrims welcomed the Dalai Lama back to the Himalayan town
he first set foot in five decades ago while fleeing Chinese rule in
his native Tibet, a rare trip close to his homeland that has angered
2009 Nov 8, In Iraq 2 American
pilots were killed in a helicopter crash while a Marine died of
noncombat related injuries in a separate incident.
2009 Nov 8, In northwestern
Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded market in
Adazai, 10 miles south of Peshawar, killing anti-Taliban Mayor Abdul
Malik, who had formed a militia to fight the militants, and 11 other
people. The latest fighting in the Taliban heartland killed 20
militants and wounded eight soldiers.
2009 Nov 8, Saudi Arabia’s
assistant defense minister said Saudi forces have taken control of
Dokhan mountain straddling the border with Yemen and cleared it of
Shiite rebels, in five days of fighting that saw three soldiers
killed and 15 wounded.
2009 Nov 8, Turkey said that
Sudan's internationally indicted leader, President Omar al-Bashir,
will not attend the Nov 9 Istanbul summit of the 57-nation
Organization of the Islamic Conference.
2010 Nov 8, President Barack
Obama backed India for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council,
a dramatic diplomatic gesture to his hosts at the end of his first
visit to this booming nation. The White House said Indian and US
companies have discussed or signed over $14.9 billion in deals
around President Barack Obama's trip that will support 53,670 US
2010 Nov 8, David Cordova (56),
a retired Denver fire lieutenant, was among 35 alleged traffickers
indicted by a US federal grand jury on suspicion of smuggling 20 kg
(44 pounds) of cocaine a week from Mexico to Colorado. Cordova was
arrested last week in a roundup of the alleged ring.
2010 Nov 8, An indictment was
unsealed that charged 29 people in a sex trafficking ring in which
Somali gangs in Minneapolis and St. Paul allegedly forced girls
under age 14 into prostitution. 17 people were arrested in
Minnesota, 9 in Tennessee and 3 remained at large.
(SFC, 11/9/10, p.A6)
2010 Nov 8, Video posted on the
CBS News website showed an object flying through the evening sky
over southern California that left a large contrail, or vapor trail.
A news helicopter owned by KCBS, a CBS affiliate in Los Angeles,
shot the video. Pentagon officials were stumped by the event.
2010 Nov 8, The American
Carnival Splendor luxury liner, carrying nearly 3,300 passengers and
almost 1,200 crew members, became crippled after fire erupted in its
engine room. The blaze crippled the ship's propulsion system,
leaving the vessel dead in the water and forcing Carnival to cancel
the rest of its voyage. The next day the nuclear-powered USS Ronald
Reagan began delivering supplies to the marooned vessel and plans
were made to tow the ship to San Diego.
2010 Nov 8, In Oakland, Ca.,
Derrick Jones (37) was shot a killed by police a block from his hair
salon. Officers said they mistook a scale he was carrying for a gun.
In 2013 Oakland agreed to pay $225,000 to settle a suit filed by his
parents and daughter.
(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.C12)
2010 Nov 8, In Michigan high
school freshman Samantha Kelly hanged herself after enduring
taunting from classmates for accusing a senior of rape. Prosecutors
were forced to drop criminal charges against Joseph Tarnopolski
(18), saying they had no case without the accuser’s testimony.
(SFC, 11/11/10, p.A8)
2010 Nov 8, In eastern
Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by a bomb. Another died
following an insurgent attack in the east.
(AP, 11/8/10)(AP, 11/9/10)
2010 Nov 8, In Argentina 1976
coup leader Emilio Eduardo Massera (85) died after suffering for
years from a heart condition and dementia that left him too ill to
be tried for crimes against humanity.
(AP, 11/8/10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.98)
2010 Nov 8, Australia’s PM
Julia Gillard said the government plans to hold a referendum within
three years on whether to amend its constitution to acknowledge the
Aborigines as the first Australians.
2010 Nov 8, Qantas extended the
grounding of its Airbus A380 superjumbos for at least three more
days after finding oil leaks in some engines, heightening safety
fears after two mid-air blow-outs last week.
2010 Nov 8, Britain’s PM David
Cameron departed for a 2-day trip to China. He brought along 4
cabinet ministers and 50 businessmen. Cameron hoped to double trade
with China over the next five years.
(Econ, 11/13/10, p.65)
2010 Nov 8, Five Church of
England bishops announced they are converting to Catholicism
following an invitation to disaffected Anglicans from Pope Benedict
XVI, the highest-profile defectors among conservatives opposed to
gay bishops and female clergy.
2010 Nov 8, In Chile two mine
workers, 24 and 40 years old, were killed at the Los Reyes mine on
their first day on the job. The National Geology and Mining Service
said the mine was illegal and unregistered.
2010 Nov 8, In south-central
Congo at least 42 people were killed when a truck overturned on the
country's poorly maintained roads. 16 children were among the dead
from the crash in Kasai-Oriental province.
2010 Nov 8, In Germany a
shipment of nuclear waste arrived at a railway depot in Dannenberg
after a nearly three-day trip from France that was regularly
disrupted by protests. The waste was set to be loaded onto trucks
for the final 12-mile (20-km) leg of the trip to a storage site at
2010 Nov 8, Haiti health
officials said the cholera epidemic has spread into the capital,
imperiling nearly 3 million people living in Port-au-Prince, nearly
half of them in unsanitary tent camps for the homeless from the Jan.
12 earthquake. The outbreak had already killed at least 544 people.
2010 Nov 8, In India Bodo
militants in Assam state began killing innocent people to avenge the
killing of a suspected rebel. 22 people were killed by the end of
(SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A4)
2010 Nov 8, In Indonesia
frightened residents abandoned their homes in Yogyakarta, a bustling
city of 400,000 at the foot of Mount Merapi, as authorities warned
the volcano could erupt again at any time. 153 people have been
killed in the last two weeks.
(AP, 11/8/10)(AP, 11/9/10)
2010 Nov 8, Iranian Nobel
laureate Shirin Ebadi said that opposition to the Iranian government
is growing, spurred by an increase in government violence, more
human rights violations and deepening poverty. Ebadi has lived
outside her homeland since a day before last year's disputed
2010 Nov 8, In Iraq leaders of
all the main political blocs met for the first time since March
elections in a new push to break the eight-month deadlock over
forming a new government. Car bombs struck Karbala and Najaf killing
2010 Nov 8, Israel said it is
moving ahead with plans to build 1,300 new apartments in disputed
east Jerusalem. The new $11 million performing arts center opened in
Ariel, an Israeli enclave of 19,000 people. In August, more than 60
Israeli actors and playwrights signed a letter saying they would not
perform in the new cultural center.
2010 Nov 8, Mexican police
arrested Manuel "The Sow" Fernandez Valencia, a reputed Sinaloa
cartel associate. He was suspected of plotting with cartel capo
Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, one of Mexico's most wanted drug lords,
to smuggle eight tons of marijuana into the US by the end of this
year. Gregorio Barradas Mirabete, the mayor of Juan Rodriguez Clara,
a small town in southern Veracruz state, was kidnapped and killed,
along with two others.
2010 Nov 8, In Myanmar fighting
between ethnic rebels and government troops has sent at least 10,000
refugees fleeing into Thailand just after a widely criticized
election expected to usher in a parliament sympathetic to the
military regime. Thai officials said that fighting had died down,
and government troops had regained control of Myawaddy.
2010 Nov 8, In Nigeria an oil
rig in the volatile Delta region was attacked and 7 crew members
were taken hostage. A security source said the crew included 2
Americans, 2 French, 2 Indonesians and a Canadian.
(AFP, 11/8/10)(AFP, 11/9/10)
2010 Nov 8, In Pakistan a local
court in Nankana district, Punjab province, sentenced to death Asia
Bibi (45), a farmworker and Christian mother of five, for blasphemy.
In 2014 the Lahore High Court of appeals upheld the death sentence.
(AFP, 11/11/10)(SFC, 10/17/14, p.A3)
2010 Nov 8, In Russia Anatoly
Adamchuk, a journalist who works for a suburban Moscow paper, was
beaten up by two unknown men. He had written about efforts to
protect forests around Moscow.
2010 Nov 8, In Slovakia Ernest
Valko (57), the former chief judge of Czechoslovakia's
Constitutional Court, was shot to death in his home in Limbach. As a
lawyer, he represented the Slovak government and served as a legal
adviser for the National Property Fund, an institution in charge
state property privatization.
2010 Nov 8, Three gunmen from
Somalia crossed the Kenyan border and killed a community organizer
working with Somali refugees.
2010 Nov 9, Turkey’s Pres.
Abdullah Gul received this year’s Chatham House prize from Britain’s
(Econ, 11/13/10, p.60)
2010 Nov 8, In Uruguay Gen.
Miguel Dalmao was convicted of murder and sent to prison, becoming
the first active member of Uruguay's military to be jailed for human
rights violations committed during the country's 1973-85
dictatorship. Also imprisoned was Col. Jose Chialanza, who like
Dalmao was convicted of "especially aggravated homicide" in the 1974
death of Nibia Sabalsagaray. Sabalsagaray was found hanged in her
cell shortly after being captured.
2010 Nov 8, In Western Sahara a
paramilitary gendarme and a fireman were killed and almost 70 people
badly injured when Moroccan forces raided a camp outside Laayoune. A
Moroccan raid to clear a refugee camp in the Western Sahara left at
least 12 refugees dead and more than 700 wounded, while another 159
are missing. Moroccan authorities announced 11 deaths on their side
after the clash.
(AFP, 11/8/10)(AFP, 11/9/10)(AFP, 11/11/10)(AFP,
2010 Nov 8, Anwar al-Awlaki, a
US-born radical Yemeni cleric linked to previous attacks on the US,
called for Muslims around world to kill Americans in a new video
message posted on radical websites.
2011 Nov 8, A 1,300 foot-wide
asteroid, known as 2005 YU55, passed within 201,700 miles of Earth.
This was its closest approach in 200 years.
(SFC, 11/9/11, p.A6)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.96)
2011 Nov 8, In Arizona Russell
Pearce, architect of Arizona's anti-illegal immigration bill SB1070,
became the first sitting state senate president to be recalled.
(http://tinyurl.com/c5ocmg5)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.43)
2011 Nov 8, Cartoonist Bil
Keane (b.1922) died at his home in Arizona. His "Family Circus"
comics entertained readers with a simple but sublime mix of humor
and traditional family values for more than a half century.
2011 Nov 8, San Francisco’s
Interim Mayor Ed Lee was elected mayor under the city’s new ranked
choice voting system, becoming the first Chinese-American to be
elected as SF mayor.
(SFC, 11/10/11, p.A1)
2011 Nov 8, Georgia voters in
105 of 127 voted to end a century-old ban on the sale of alcohol on
(SFC, 11/12/11, p.A8)
2011 Nov 8, An accident at the
Idaho National Laboratory caused at least two workers to suffer
internal exposure to plutonium.
(SFC, 11/10/11, p.A10)
2011 Nov 8, In Springfield,
Ill., a municipal water district employee encountered problems with
the city’s water pump control system and a technician determined the
system had been remotely hacked into from a computer located in
Russia. It was later determined that the problem was caused by a
plant contractor traveling in Russia.
(SFC, 11/19/11, p.A7)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A13)
2011 Nov 8, Ohioans decisively
rejected the state's collective-bargaining law night, repealing
Republican Governor John Kasich's signature legislation in a
referendum that could reverberate into 2012. SB5 would have prevent
public-employee unions from collective bargaining, prohibited
strikes and forced teachers, police offers and firefighters to
contribute a set amount toward their health benefits and pensions.
2011 Nov 8, Washington state
voters approved plans to privatize the states 328 liquor outlets and
open the business to warehouse stores and supermarkets.
(Econ, 11/19/11, p.43)
2011 Nov 8, Activision released
the video game “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3,” developed Infinity
Ward and Sledgehammer Games. It sold a record $750 million in its
first five days.
(Econ, 12/10/11, SR
2011 Nov 8, In eastern
Afghanistan up to 70 Taliban fighters were killed after trying to
attack a foreign troop base in Paktika province. Mohammad Akbar, the
governor of Sar Hawza district in Paktika, died in hospital after
his car struck a roadside bomb in the province. A rogue Afghan
soldier shot and wounded 3 Australian troops at a joint base at
Charmistan, Uruzgan province. In February, 2012, a Taliban video had
Mohammed Roozi talking about how he attacked Australian and Afghan
soldiers at Patrol Base Nasir, saying he turned a machine gun and
rocket launcher on them before going into hiding.
(AFP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)
2011 Nov 8, Australia passed
its controversial pollution tax in a sweeping and historic reform
aimed at lowering carbon emissions blamed for climate change, after
years of fierce debate.
2011 Nov 8, In Brazil students
voted for the strike after police raided an administration building
and arrested 70 students who were protesting police patrols on the
campus of the University of Sao Paulo. Students complained they are
subjected to random searches and intimidation by police on campus.
2011 Nov 8, A British court
ruled that Roman Catholic priests are equivalent to employees, a
decision that could pave the way for victims of sexual abuse to win
damages from the church.
2011 Nov 8, In Cambodia Hun
Hean, the former police chief of Banteay Meanchey, confessed to
accepting over $100,000 in bribes during the final day of a
corruption trial against him and four of his subordinates. On Nov
15, he was convicted and sentenced to 4 years in prison.
(SFC, 1/6/12, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/7lwyk7x)
2011 Nov 8, Diplomats said
Eritrea's president has asked for a personal hearing before the UN
Security Council in a bid to head off new sanctions over alleged
support for Somalia's Islamist rebels.
2011 Nov 8, A French court
ruled that the News of the World had violated the privacy of former
world motorsport chief Max Mosley when it published photographs of
him in a sadomasochistic orgy. The court fined Rupert Murdoch's News
Group, publisher of the now-defunct tabloid, 10,000 euros ($13,800)
and ordered it to pay 7,000 euros in damages for violating Mosley's
privacy, but said there was no defamation. Mosley (71) had already
won a case in a British court against News Group, after the News of
the World published a front-page story in March 2008 entitled "F1
boss has sick Nazi orgy with 5 hookers."
2011 Nov 8, In Guatemala drug
trafficker Elio Lorenzana Cordon, wanted for extradition to the
United States, was captured outside Guatemala City by US and
2011 Nov 8, Guinea outlawed all
"public rallies" held without prior authorization, such as meetings
or street markets. It came less than a week before a planned
November 14 march in the capital by Guinean lawyers who accuse the
Conakry governor of detaining three human rights activists including
a lawyer since Nov 3.
2011 Nov 8, The Boston-based
Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti said it has filed
claims with the United Nations seeking damages on behalf of more
than 5,000 Haitian cholera victims and their families.
2011 Nov 8, In northern India a
stampede killed 16 Hindu pilgrims and injured about 50 during a
religious ceremony on the banks of the Ganges River at Haridwar in
2011 Nov 8, Indonesian police
said they had arrested a British-born man accused of molesting nine
children following a tip-off from authorities in Britain. The
61-year-old man, who became an Indonesian citizen after changing his
nationality, was also allegedly involved in an online child
2011 Nov 8, In Iraq US forces
handed Joint Base Balad, a sprawling base north of Baghdad that once
housed some 36,000 personnel, over to Iraqi control.
2011 Nov 8, Israel’s Foreign
Minister Avigdor Lieberman said only crippling sanctions against
Iran's central bank and its oil and gas industries will force Tehran
to halt its nuclear drive. The UN atomic agency said for the first
time that Iran is suspected of conducting secret experiments whose
sole purpose is the development of nuclear arms.
(AFP, 11/8/11)(AP, 11/8/11)
2011 Nov 8, Italy’s PM
Berlusconi offered a conditional resignation after he failed to
reach a parliamentary majority in a key vote. He said he would step
down if Parliament passes an austerity package demanded by the EU.
(SFC, 11/9/11, p.A3)
2011 Nov 8, In Liberia Africa's
first elected female president headed toward easy re-election with
her sole opponent boycotting a runoff, and ignoring entreaties from
the United States and the UN to participate in what observers said
was a free and fair vote. Sirleaf won 90.8% of votes cast and Tubman
9%. Only 37.4% of 1.8 million registered voters cast their ballots.
(AP, 11/8/11)(AFP, 11/11/11)
2011 Nov 8, Mexican police
found the heads of two men in a residential area of Mexico City.
Police found their bodies inside a stolen car nearby.
2011 Nov 8, In Nicaragua two
clashes among rival political groups killed four people and injured
12 following the Nov 6 presidential election.
2011 Nov 8, In Nigeria it was
reported that that nearly all the Christians and non-natives of Yobe
state had fled their homes in Damaturu, the state capital, following
Boko Haram attacks that killed more than 100 people.
2011 Nov 8, Pakistan's
President Asif Ali Zardari promised to work with the United States
to "eradicate" the militant Haqqani network, a pledge made during a
meeting with visiting American congressmen, according to one of the
lawmakers. It was unclear whether Zardari had the power to make good
on his pledge, given the influence of the military in Pakistan.
2011 Nov 8, The Palestinian
foreign minister admitted for the first time there is not enough
support in the UN Security Council for recognition of a Palestinian
2011 Nov 8, The Philippine
justice secretary barred former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
from seeking medical treatment abroad while she faces complaints of
2011 Nov 8, In Poland a
transsexual woman and an openly gay man took seats in the newly
elected parliament, historic firsts that reflect profound social
change in this traditionally Roman Catholic country. Both belong to
Palikot's Movement, a new progressive party that became the
third-largest party in parliament in the Oct. 9 election.
2011 Nov 8, Syrian activists
reported that 20 people were killed across the country, including
eight soldiers and 12 civilians, among them a child. The UN said the
death toll from the eight-month Syrian uprising has reached 3,500.
(AP, 11/8/11)(AFP, 11/9/11)
2011 Nov 8, The Syrian
opposition urged authorities in neighboring Lebanon to act over
reports that more than a dozen of their members in that country have
2011 Nov 8, In South Korea
Vietnam agreed to seek greater nuclear energy cooperation with South
Korea, opening the way for its participation in a project to build
atomic power plants at home.
2012 Nov 8, The US Navy said 7
members of SEAL Team 6 have been punished for disclosing classified
information to the maker of a video game.
(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A10)
2012 Nov 8, New York Gov.
Andrew Cuomo said damages from Superstorm Sandy could total $33
billion. At least 119 American were killed with damages in 15
states. The total bill ran up to $42 billion with $32 billion for
repairs and restoration and $9 billion for preventive measures.
(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A11)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.35)(SFC,
2012 Nov 8, Texas lawyer Marco
Antonio Delgado, a former Carnegie Mellon Univ. trustee, pleaded not
guilty to laundering over $600 million for a Mexican drug cartel.
Homeland Security Investigations linked him to the Guadalajara-based
Milenio cartel, active until 2010.
(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A19)
2012 Nov 8, Alvin Williams Jr.,
a senator in the US Virgin Islands, was arrested after being
indicted by a grand jury in a public corruption case.
(SFC, 1/17/13, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/ao85ge6)
2012 Nov 8, In Afghanistan 10
civilians, including a child and four men, died as their vehicle
struck a land mine in Helmand province. A suicide bomber on a
motorcycle blew himself up amid a police patrol in Kandahar city,
killing the 3 policemen and wounding two. 5 troops died when
their convoy hit a land mine in Laghman province. 2 boys were killed
by a roadside bomb in Zabul province.
2012 Nov 8, In Argentina
hundreds of thousands, angry over inflation, crime and corruption,
flooded the streets of Buenos Aires for nearly four hours to protest
against Pres. Cristina Fernandez in the biggest anti-government
demonstration in years. Other demonstrations were held on plazas
2012 Nov 8, Canada's Supreme
Court decided against global drug giant Pfizer Inc in a high-profile
case, ruling that a patent on its Viagra erectile dysfunction drug
was no longer valid.
2012 Nov 8, China's ruling
communists opened a pivotal congress to initiate a power handover to
new leaders with a nod to their revolutionary past and a broad
promise of cleaner government while keeping off-stage the main even.
President Hu Jintao warned that unrestrained graft threatened to
topple the party's continued rule.
(AP, 11/8/12) (AP, 11/9/12)
2012 Nov 8, In China Jinpa
Gyatso, a Tibetan nomad in western Qinghai, died after setting
himself on fire.
2012 Nov 8, In Ghana the
Argentinian crew of the seized ARA Libertad displayed weapons and
prevented Ghanaian officials from boarding the vessel. Ports
officials said the ship is costing more than $500,000 per day in
lost berthing fees.
2012 Nov 8, In Iraq 3 car bombs
in towns south of Baghdad killed four people and injured 16 others.
2012 Nov 8, An
explosives-packed tunnel under the Gaza-Israel frontier blew up in
what the Israeli military called an attempt by Palestinian militants
to kill or kidnap soldiers. This set off a cycle of violence
including Israeli airstrikes .
2012 Nov 8, In Pakistan a
Taliban suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives into a
compound housing Rangers, a paramilitary force in Karachi, killing
three officers and wounding 20.
2012 Nov 8, In Russia Israeli
President Shimon Peres opened the new Jewish Museum and Center of
Tolerance. It tells the history of Jewry through people's stories,
which come alive in video interviews and interactive displays. The
$50 million museum was built under the patronage of President
Vladimir Putin, who in a symbolic move in 2007 donated a month of
his salary — about $5,600 — to its creation.
2012 Nov 8, South African
opposition parties submitted a motion of no confidence against
President Jacob Zuma saying that corruption and unemployment have
risen, the justice system has been politicized and the economy has
weakened. The ruling party called the move a publicity stunt.
2012 Nov 8, The Sudan People’s
Liberation Movement-North rebels said that they ambushed a military
patrol killing 10 soldiers and shot down a government warplane in
the Nuba Mountains of South Kordofan state, after its bombs killed 2
(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A2)
2012 Nov 8, In Syria rebels
took over the border crossing of Ras al-Ayn.
2012 Nov 8, The Syrian National
Council conference in the Qatari capital of Doha failed to promote a
single woman to the decision-making group of 41 members. SNC chief
Abdelbaset Sieda said he was "so sad" and would try to add four
women to the general secretariat by decree.
2013 Nov 8, American influence
in culture, science and education around the world took a
high-profile blow after the US automatically lost voting rights at
UNESCO, after missing a crucial deadline to repay its debt to the
world's cultural agency.
2013 Nov 8, US prosecutors said
a son of Suriname's president invited people he thought were from
the Lebanese paramilitary group Hezbollah to set up a base in his
country to attack Americans in exchange for millions of US dollars.
2013 Nov 8, In Afghanistan a
roadside bomb struck a bus in Zabul province, killing 9 people,
including five women. In Kandahar province another roadside bomb
killed 3 people.
2013 Nov 8, A British court
martial board convicted a royal marine of murder following the
execution of an injured insurgent in Afghanistan. The board ruled
that Marine A, was guilty of killing the man in cold blood in
Helmand Province more than two years ago. Sergeant Alexander
Blackman was named on Dec 5, after a judge dismissed his claim that
his identity should be protected for his own safety. On Dec 6
Blackman was sen tneced to at least 10 years in prison.
(AP, 11/8/13)(AP, 12/5/13)(AP, 12/6/13)
2013 Nov 8, Merlin, an
entertainment group, successfully floated shares on the London stock
market. A year earlier it had opened a Legoland theme park in
(Econ, 11/16/13, p.72)
2013 Nov 8, In Chile forensic
test results showed no chemical agents in the bones of Nobel
Prize-winning poet Pablo Neruda. His family and driver were not
satisfied and said they'll request more proof.
2013 Nov 8, Denmark said it
would provide transport and security for the international effort to
destroy Syria's arsenal of chemical weapons, after receiving a
request from the UN.
2013 Nov 8, A European Union
prosecutor indicted 15 former ethnic Albanian rebels suspected of
torturing, mistreating and murdering civilians detained in central
Kosovo during the 1998-99 war against Serbia.
2013 Nov 8, In Egypt a child
and another person died in clashes between supporters and opponents
of Egypt's ousted president in Cairo.
2013 Nov 8, Ghana's Pres. John
Dramani Mahama fired his deputy communications minister, Victoria
Hammah, after she was recorded saying that she would stay in
politics only until she had made one million dollars.
2013 Nov 8, Greek authorities
detained a cargo ship carrying large quantities of weapons and
2013 Nov 8, In Iraq a double
bombing targeting a Sunni mosque in Baghdad and other attacks around
the country killed at least 19 people.
2013 Nov 8, In Libya at least 4
people died in overnight clashes between militias in the center of
(AFP, 11/8/13)(AP, 11/9/13)
2013 Nov 8, Libyan protesters
prevented a tanker from loading 600,000 barrels of crude bound for
Italy at the eastern port of Hariga, blocked by a strike for more
than two months.
2013 Nov 8, Madagascar
officials said the presidential race will go to a run-off vote next
month between two candidates linked to the island's main political
rivals, after an inconclusive first round.
2013 Nov 8, Malawi police said
they have arrested axed justice minister Ralph Kasambara over a
failed assassination attempt in September on a corruption-busting
2013 Nov 8, In northern Mali 3
people were killed during clashes between the MNLA Tuareg separatist
group and the Malian army.
2013 Nov 8, Typhoon Haiyan, one
of the strongest storms on record, slammed into six central
Philippine islands. As many as 10,000 people are believed dead just
in Tacloban, Leyte Island, as one of the worst storms ever recorded
unleashed ferocious winds and giant waves that washed away homes.
(AP, 11/8/13)(AFP, 11/9/13)(AP, 11/10/13)
2013 Nov 8, In Portugal a
24-hour strike by government workers disrupted public services as
labor groups continue their battle against pay and pension cuts and
the loss of entitlements.
2013 Nov 8, In Somalia a huge
blast outside a top hotel in Mogadishu killed at least 4 people. Al
Shabaab rebels soon claimed responsibility.
(AP, 11/9/13)(Reuters, 11/9/13)
2013 Nov 8, South Africa's
government took to the courts to delay the release of an
investigation into a $19 million taxpayer-funded upgrade of
President Jacob Zuma's private residence at Nkandla in rural
KwaZulu-Natal province. Police said 14 police officers and tax
officials have been arrested since last month as part of a crackdown
on crimes committed by police or people impersonating police
(Reuters, 11/8/13)(AP, 11/8/13)
2013 Nov 8, A Spanish court
ordered nine imprisoned members of the Basque militant group ETA
freed to comply with a controversial European rights ruling made
2013 Nov 8, In Syria forces
loyal to President Bashar al-Assad backed by a dawn barrage of
artillery fire and airstrikes drove rebels from a strategic military
base near the disputed northern city of Aleppo.
2013 Nov 8, Al-Qaeda chief
Ayman al-Zawahiri has ordered the disbanding of the main jihadist
faction in Syria, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, in an
audio message aired on Al-Jazeera. He said the Islamic State in Iraq
and the Levant (ISIL) is to be abolished, while the Islamic State of
Iraq (ISI) remains functioning.
2013 Nov 8, Uganda's Pres.
Yoweri Museveni tested for HIV in public to encourage millions of
untested people to check their status, a critical step to stemming
the spread of the virus in the East African country.
2013 Nov 8, The UN said
emergency plans are under way to vaccinate more than 20 million
children in the Middle East after polio resurfaced in war-torn
2013 Nov 8, Venezuela's Pres.
Nicolas Maduro ordered the "occupation" of the Daka chain of
electronic goods stores in a crackdown on what the government views
as price-gouging hobbling the country's economy. The annual rate was
now at 54 percent.
2014 Nov 8, In Afghanistan Col.
Mohammad Yasin, chief of staff for Gen. Mohammad Zahir, was killed
in a suicide bomb attack targeting Zahir, Kabul’s chief of police.
At least seven others were wounded.
2014 Nov 8, The African Union,
African Development Bank and regional business leaders meeting in in
Ethiopia announced a crisis fund to help areas hit by the Ebola
2014 Nov 8, In Brazil At least
7 people were killed after a passenger bus was forced off a bridge
when another vehicle tried to pass it in Bahia state.
2014 Nov 8, China’s President
Xi Jinping announced the creation of a $40 billion Silk Road
infrastructure fund to boost connectivity across Asia.
(Reuters, 11/8/14)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.61)
2014 Nov 8, The central banks
of China and Canada said they have agreed to a currency swap worth
200 billion yuan ($32.67 billion) or C$30 billion, effective for
2014 Nov 8, The foreign
ministers of China and Japan held talks ahead of a hoped-for meeting
between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe
after more than two years of frozen high-level contacts.
2014 Nov 8, Ministers from
Pacific Rim countries endorsed a call to formally start work on a
free-trade initiative seen as an effort by China to raise its
influence in trade policy. 21 Asia Pacific countries agreed to
cooperate on the extradition of corrupt officials, enhance asset
recovery efforts and establish an anti-corruption transparency
network to share intelligence on graft.
(AP, 11/8/14)(Reuters, 11/8/14)
2014 Nov 8, The French military
said 24 jihadists were killed in a recent operation carried out in
northern Mali that left one French soldier dead. A news release from
Operation Barkhane said that two other extremists had been captured
during the late October offensive in the region of Kidal.
2014 Nov 8, Guatemala's
President Otto Perez Molina apologized to 33 communities of
indigenous Achi people who were forced to abandon their homes to
make way for construction of the Chixoy hydroelectric dam during
Guatemala's civil war. The government agreed to provide $153.8
million in compensation for the damage inflicted on the Achi.
2014 Nov 8, In India Dr. R.K.
Gupta performed more than 80 sterilization surgeries after which 13
women died. Two days later, another camp was held in the same
Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh. One woman died and more than a
dozen fell ill with shock and vomiting. Gupta, who had gone into
hiding, was arrested on Nov 12 at a relative's home near Bilaspur.
(Reuters, 11/12/14)(AP, 11/13/14)
2014 Nov 8, In Iraq car bombs
killed 20 people, including 5 soldiers, in Baghdad in attacks that
resembled operations carried out by Islamic State militants. An air
strike destroyed 10 Islamic State (IS) vehicles after what was
believed to have been a gathering of its leaders. Iraqi sources said
the strike was near Qaim, US sources said it was near Mosul.
(Reuters, 11/8/14)(Reuters, 11/9/14)(SSFC,
2014 Nov 8, Israeli police
opened fire in the Arab village of Kfar Kana against a
knife-wielding man attempting to stab policemen. Unknown-sourced
footage later appeared to portray a different story. The grainy
security camera material showed a man repeatedly banging on the
window of a police vehicle. When officers emerged to confront him,
he began to backpedal and was then shot. The shooting sparked large
2014 Nov 8, Libyan state
security guards started a protest at the 120,000 barrels a day
Hariga oil port in the east, halting any oil exports.
2014 Nov 8, North Korea
released Americans Kenneth Bae and Matthew Miller and both were on
their journey back to the United States.
2014 Nov 8, Pakistani soldiers
fighting in Khyber tribal region who battled militants overnight
found 17 bodies dumped in the countryside, identifying them all as
2014 Nov 8, In Romania some
10,000 people protested, accusing the government of limiting voting
from citizens living abroad in last weekend's presidential polls.
2014 Nov 8, In southern Spain a
bus carrying a group on a religious excursion crashed, killing 14
people and injuring another 38.
2014 Nov 8, South Sudanese
rebels accused the government of violating their latest ceasefire
deal, just hours after both sides pledged to end almost a year of
2014 Nov 8, In Sudan a
sword-wielding man described as "insane" killed two soldiers before
being shot dead as he tried to enter the palace in Khartoum where
President Omar al-Bashir has his offices. The man was identified as
Salah Kafi Quwa, and said to be originally from the town of Kadugli,
South Kordofan state, where insurgents were battling the government.
2014 Nov 8, In Syria Islamic
State shelling killed 2 civilians and wounded four others, including
a child, at a camp for people forced by violence from Kobane to the
west of the town. US-led air strikes overnight hit jihadist
positions in the north and east, including an oil field. 2 people
2014 Nov 8, In eastern Ukraine
Associated Press reporters saw more than 80 unmarked military
vehicles on the move in rebel-controlled areas, indicating that
intensified hostilities may lie ahead.
2014 Nov 8, Pope Francis
removed American Cardinal Raymond Burke (66) as head of the Holy
See's supreme court. Burke had championed campaigns to deny
Communion to Catholic politicians who support legalized abortion.
2014 Nov 8, In Yemen Al-Qaeda
claimed its militants killed "dozens" of Shiite rebels in Rada,
hours after the formation of a new government intended to take the
strife-torn country out of crisis. Yemen's ruling political party,
still headed by the country's former leader Ali Abdullah Saleh,
removed the country's sitting president, Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi,
from its top ranks.
Go to November 9