Today in History - November 9

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694        Nov 9, Spanish King Egica accused Jews of aiding Moslems and sentenced them to slavery.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1520        Nov 9, Swedish King Christian II executed 600 nobles.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1526        Nov 9, Jews were expelled from Pressburg, Hungary, by Maria of Hapsburg.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1541        Nov 9, Queen Catharine Howard was confined in the London Tower.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1580        Nov 9, Spanish troops landed in Ireland.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1623        Nov 9, William Camden (72), English historian: Brittania Annales, died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1681        Nov 9, Hungarian parliament promised Protestants freedom of religion.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1731        Nov 9, Benjamin Banneker was born in Maryland and grew up a free black man. From his farm near Baltimore, Banneker spent much of his time studying the stars. Although he lacked much of a formal education, he taught himself with borrowed books and became a noted mathematician, astronomer and inventor. Carving its gears with a pocket knife, he built a wooden clock in 1770 that was believed to have been the first built in America. Banneker began publishing scientific almanacs in 1791 after accurately predicting a solar eclipse. President George Washington appointed him to the District of Columbia Commission in 1789 to help survey the new capital city of Washington, D.C. Banneker, who died in 1806, also corresponded with Thomas Jefferson about his views against slavery.
    (HNPD, 11/9/98)

1760        Nov 9, Henri-Philippe Gerard, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1778        Nov 9, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (58), Italian etcher, died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1799        Nov 9, Napoleon Bonaparte instigated coup of 18 Brumaire and declared himself dictator, 1st consul, of France.
    (HN, 11/9/98)(Econ, 9/20/14, p.77)

1801        Nov 9, Gail Borden (d.1874), inventor of condensed milk, was born in New York.
    (ON, 5/04, p.4)(Internet)
1801        Nov 9, Carl Philipp Stamitz, composer, died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1802        Nov 9, Elijah P. Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1812        Nov 9, Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1817        Nov 9, Edward Richard Sprigg Canby, Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1818        Nov 9, Ivan Turgenev, Russian author, was born. His work includes “Fathers and Sons” and “A Month in the Country.”
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1821        Nov 9, The 1st US pharmacy college held 1st classes in Philadelphia.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1825        Nov 9, Ambrose Powell Hill (d.1865), Lt Gen (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1841        Nov 9, Edward VII, King of England, was born. He succeeded his mother Victoria and served from 1901-1910.
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1848        Nov 9, The first U.S. Post Office in California opened in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At that time there were only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1850        Nov 9, Lewis Lewin, German toxicologist and father of psycho-pharmacology, was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1853        Nov 9, Stanford White, architect, was born. His designs include Madison Square Garden and Washington Arch.
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1854        Nov 9, Franz Liszt's "Fest-Long," premiered.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1857        Nov 9, Atlantic Monthly magazine was 1st published.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1858        Nov 9, NY Symphony Orchestra made its 1st performance.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1861        Nov 9, During the Civil War, soldiers of the Illinois 11th, 18th, and 29th Regiments, after forcing the Confederates south, set up camp in Bloomfield, Missouri. Upon finding the newspaper office empty, they decided to print a newspaper for their expedition, relating the troop's activities. They called it the Stars and Stripes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stars_and_Stripes_(newspaper))

1862        Nov 9, General US Grant issued orders to bar Jews from serving under him. The order was quickly rescinded.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1864        Nov 9, Sherman designed his "March to the Sea."
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1872        Nov 9, Fire destroyed nearly 800 buildings in Boston.
    (AP, 11/9/08)

1818        Nov 9, Ivan Turgenev, Russian author, was born. His work includes “Fathers and Sons” and “A Month in the Country.” [see Oct 28]
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1886        Nov 9, Ed Wynn, actor and comedian, was born.
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1895        Nov 9, In San Francisco some 20 police officers marched down Sixth Street to the shantytown known as Dumpville. All the crude dwelling were raised and all that was combustible was burned.
    (SFC, 10/24/15, p.C2)

1898        Nov 9, Some white people in Wilmington, NC, issued a White Declaration of Independence, proclaiming "that we will no longer be ruled ... by men of African origin.
    (AP, 11/28/09)

1900        Nov 9, Russia completed its occupation of Manchuria.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1903        Nov 9, Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill), was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1904        Nov 9, 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1905        Nov 9, Erika Mann, German-US author (Other Germany) and daughter of Thomas Mann, was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1906        Nov 9, President Theodore Roosevelt left Washington D.C. for a 17 day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official visit outside of the US. His trip popularized the Panama hat, a product actually made in Ecuador and shipped since the 1840s to prospective gold diggers in Panama. The toquilla straw hats had been made in Ecuador as long ago as the 17th century.
    (HN, 11/9/98)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.33)
1906        Nov 9, Arthur Rudolph, Nazi-turned-American rocket engineer, was born.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1910        Nov 9, France, Spain, Norway, Belgium, Germany, Russia, and Great Britain established diplomatic relations with the new republic of Portugal.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1912        Nov 9, The football team of Pennsylvania’s Carlisle Indian School, with running back Jim Thorpe, defeated the Army team, with Dwight D. Eisenhower as linebacker, 27-6. In 2007 Sally Jenkins authored “The Real Americans: The Team That Changed a Game, a People, a Nation.”
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P9)(www.footballfoundation.com/news.php?id=242)

1913        Nov 9, Storm "Freshwater Fury" sank 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1914        Nov 9, Lt. Captain Hellmuth Karl von Mucke (1892-1957) led a squad of men in 3 small boats from the German cruiser Emden to destroy the British telegraph station at Direction Island in the Cocos archipelago. Separated from the Emden von Mucke commandeered the old schooner Ayesha and led his men to Padang, where he sunk the Ayesha and took command of the German merchant SS Choising. They reached Yemen on Jan 8, 1915.
    (ON, 4/05, p.4)
1914        Nov 9, The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney wrecked the German cruiser Emden, forcing her to beach on a reef on North Keeling Island in the Indian Ocean.
    (HN, 11/9/99)

1918        Nov 9, Florence Chadwick, swimmer (Hall of Fame 1970), was born in San Diego, Calif.
    (MC, 11/9/01)
1918        Nov 9, Spiro Agnew (d.Sep 17, 1996) was born. He later became governor of Maryland and 39th vice-president of the US under Nixon (1968-1973) until convicted of tax evasion.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A7)(HN, 11/9/98)
1918        Nov 9, Choi Hong Hi (d.2002), one of the founders of the South Korean Army (1946), was born in North Korea. He developed the tae kwon do (to kick with the foot, to strike with the fist, art) martial arts style in the 1940s and named it in 1955.
    (SFC, 7/2/02, p.A17)
1918        Nov 9, Germany was proclaimed a republic. Kaiser Wilhelm II announced that he would abdicate. Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands offered him political asylum and there he lived until his death in 1941.
    (AP, 11/9/97)(Econ, 10/25/14, p.85)
1918        Nov 9, Guillaume Apollinaire (38), [Kostrowitsky], French poet (Alcools), died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1921        Nov 9, In Italy Mussolini formed the Partito Nazionalista Fascista.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1923        Nov 9, Dorothy Dandridge, actress, singer and dancer (Porgy and Bess), was born in Cleveland, Oh.
    (MC, 11/9/01)
1923        Nov 9, James Schuyler, poet, novelist and playwright, was born.
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1924        Nov 9, Robert Frank, photographer, was born.
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1925        Nov 9, German Nazis formed the SS (Schutzstaffel- elite special forces).
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1928        Nov 9, Anne Sexton (d.1974), Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born. “In a dream you are never eighty.”
    (AP, 6/5/00)(HN, 11/9/00)

1932        Nov 9, Nadya Aliluieva (30), wife of Joseph Stalin, died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1933        Nov 9, The Civil Works Administration was created as a short term program designed to carry the nation over a critical winter while other programs such as the Federal Emergency Relief Administration were being planned and developed.
    (http://content.lib.washington.edu/civilworksweb/essay.html)

1934        Nov 9, Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer, was born in Brooklyn. He was instrumental in robotic space exploration and who made Cosmos, a documentary about the universe.
    (HN, 11//99)

1935        Nov 9, United Mine Workers president John L. Lewis and other labor leaders formed the Committee for Industrial Organization. The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO, later renamed Congress of Industrial Organizations) was formed to expand industrial unionism.
    (AP, 11/9/97)(HN, 11/9/98)
1935        Nov 9, Japanese troops invaded Shanghai, China.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1936        Nov 9, Mary Travers, folk singer (Peter Paul & Mary), was born in Louisville, Ky.
    (MC, 11/9/01)
1936        Nov 9, In China Ruth Harkness and her party found a 3-lb giant panda cub, eyes not yet open, in a hollow tree. They named the cub Su-Lin - Chinese for "something very cute."
    (http://femexplorers.com/full_article.php?article_id=17)

1938        Nov 9, Maurice Bavaud (25), a Swiss theology student, failed in his attempt to shoot Hitler at a Nazi parade in Munich. Switzerland, which followed a policy of neutrality toward Germany before and during World War II, failed to intervene on Bavaud's behalf, and he was guillotined in May, 1941, in Berlin's notorious Ploetzensee prison.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
1938        Nov 9, Kristallnacht took place in Germany. Nazi leaders heard that a Jew had shot Ernst vom Rath, a German diplomat in Paris, and ordered reprisals. Nazis killed 35 Jews, arrested thousands and destroyed Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany and Austria in what became known as Kristallnacht. 30,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps. The event is depicted by Peter Gay in his 1998 book "My German Question."
    (AP, 11/9/97)(WSJ, 11/3/98, p.A20)(SFC, 11/10/98, p.A12)(SSFC, 11/10/13, DB p.46)

1939        Nov 9, "Ninotchka," with Greta Garbo premiered.
    (MC, 11/9/01)
1939        Nov 9, Nobel for physics was awarded to Ernest O. Lawrence for his work on the cyclotron.
    (MC, 11/9/01)
1939        Nov 9, In the Venlo-incident, German Abwehr killed 2 English agents.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1942        Nov 9, Transport #44 departed with French Jews to Nazi Germany.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1943        Nov 9, Bernhard Lichtenberg (67), German clergyman and antifascist, died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1944        Nov 9, Red Cross won the Nobel peace prize.
    (MC, 11/9/01)
1944        Nov 9, The 455-foot Red Oak Victory ship was launched from Richmond, Ca. It was named after an Iowa town with the highest number of casualties per capita in WW II. The Victory ships were successors of the Liberty ships.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A20)

1945        Nov 9, FBI agents staked out a house in Berkeley, Ca., to watch George Eltenton, a suspected Soviet spy. In 1946 Eltenton admitted that he had tried to obtain secret data on Berkeley’s radiation lab. Eltenton moved to Britain in 1947.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F2)

1946        Nov 9, Pres. Truman ended a wage and price freeze.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1951        Nov 9, Sigmund Romberg (64), Hungarian-US composer (Blossom Time), died.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1952            Nov 9, Chaim Weizmann (b.1874), Russian-born bio-chemist and 1st president of Israel (1949-1952), died.
    (www.jafi.org.il/education/100/people/bios/weiz.html)

1953        Nov 9, The Supreme Court upheld a 1922 ruling that major league baseball did not come within the scope of federal antitrust laws. President Clinton later signed a bill overturning the labor relations aspect of the antitrust exemption.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
1953        Nov 9, Welsh author-poet Dylan Thomas died in New York at age 39 during his poetry-reading blitz of the US. In 1955 John Malcolm Brinnin (d.1998 at 81), the man who brought Thomas to America, published "Dylan Thomas in America."
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T5)(AP, 11/9/97)(SFC, 6/29/98, p.A19)

1955        Nov 9, Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1961        Nov 9, Paddy Chayefsky's "Gideon," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1963        Nov 9, Twin disasters struck Japan as some 450 miners were killed in a coal-dust explosion, and 160 people died in a train crash.
    (AP, 11/9/97)

1965        Nov 9, Roger Allen LaPorte a 22 year old former seminarian and a member of the Catholic worker movement, immolated himself at the United Nations in New York City in protest of the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 11/9/98)
1965        Nov 9, A major power failure hit the East Coast of the US. New York City experienced a major blackout just after 5:30 PM. In the great Northeast blackout several US states and parts of Canada were hit by a series of power failures lasting up to 13 1/2 hours. Nine Northeastern states and parts of Canada went dark in the worst power failure in history, when a switch at a station near Niagara Falls failed.
    (HFA, '96, p.42)(SFE, 10/1/95, Z1, p.10)(AP, 11/9/97)(HN, 11/9/98)

1967        Nov 9, Rolling Stone Magazine, co-founded by Jann Wenner in SF, published its debut issue with a press run of 40,000 copies. Ralph J. Gleason, SF jazz critic, helped Wenner fund the 1st issue. In 1998 "Rolling Stone: The Complete Covers 1967-1997" was edited by Holly George-Warren. In 1977 the company moved its headquarters to NYC.
    (SFC, 10/28/97, p.E1)(SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.12)(SFC, 12/23/04, p.E16)(SFC, 4/18/09, p.C1)
1967        Nov 9, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) launched Apollo 4 into orbit from Cape Kennedy with the first successful test of a Saturn V rocket.
    (AP, 11/9/97)(HN, 11/9/98)

1970        Nov 9, Charles De Gaulle (b.1890), former French president (1959-1969), died. In 1996 Daniel Mahoney published "De Gaulle: Statesmanship, Grandeur, and Modern Democracy."  Michel Droit (d.2000 at 77) authored the 5-volume “Man of Destiny” (1972), widely regarded as the most thorough examination of de Gaulle’s life and work.
    (AP, 11/9/97)(WSJ, 1/19/98, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Gaulle)(SFC, 6/23/00, p.D5)

1972        Nov 9, The "Trail of Broken Treaties" caravan, an Indian protest, ended in vandalism and chaos at the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C. The story is told in the 1996 book "Like A Hurricane, The Indian Movement From Alcatraz to Wounded Knee" by Paul Chaat Smith and Robert Allen Warrior.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.8)(http://siouxme.com/lodge/treaties.html)

1976        Nov 9, Smokey the Bear (26) died at the Washington DC National Zoo.
    (www.capitanlibrary.org/research/smokey-bear.htm)
1976        Nov 9, The UN General Assembly approved ten resolutions condemning apartheid in South Africa, including one characterizing the white-ruled government as “illegitimate.”
    (AP, 11/9/00)

1978        Nov 9, The US Congress enacted a Gas Policy Act as part of broader legislation known as the National Energy Act (NEA).
    (http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/15/60/3301)

1979        Nov 9, Robert Taylor (d.2002), British forester, allegedly encountered a UFO in the woods of Dechmont Law. He took police to the scene 2 days later and evidence was gathered that gave some support to his claims.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.95)

1981        Nov 9, In Mauritania the 1980 decree by Pres. Haidalla outlawing slavery was translated into law, however the legislation failed to criminalize it.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.62)(http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engAFR380032002!Open)

1983        Nov 9, Alfred Heineken, beer brewer from Amsterdam, was kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million. Heineken was freed Nov 30. Cor van Houton, the kidnapper, was shot to death in 2003.
    (HN, 11/9/98)(AP, 1/24/03)

1984        Nov 9, The Vietnam Veterans statue, “Three Soldiers” by Frederick Hart (1943-1999), was unveiled in Washington DC on Veterans Day.
    (http://www.440.com/twtd/archives/nov09.html)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.C4)

1985        Nov 9, Gary Kasparov became the world chess champion. He was born in 1963 in Azerbaijan to an Armenian mother and a Jewish father.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garry_Kasparov#Early_career)

1986        Nov 9, Israel said it was holding Mordechai Vanunu, a former nuclear technician who had vanished after providing information to a British newspaper about Israel's nuclear weapons program. Vanunu was convicted of treason and sentenced to 18 years in prison. Mordechai Vanunu was later convicted of giving data on Israel’s nuclear program to a newspaper and put into solitary confinement until Mar 12, 1988.
    (WSJ, 3/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/9/99)

1987        Nov 9, Senate Minority Leader Bob Dole formally announced a bid for the Republican presidential nomination during a visit to his hometown of Russell, Kan.
    (AP, 11/9/97)

1988        Nov 9, John N. Mitchell (b.1913), former Attorney General under Pres. Nixon, died in Washington. He was a major figure in the Watergate scandal and served 19 months at a federal prison in Alabama (1977-1979) for his role in the scandal. In 2008 James Rosen authored “The Strong Man: John Mitchell and the Secrets of Watergate.”
    (AP, 1/19/98)(AP, 11/9/02)(WSJ, 5/24/08, p.W8)

1989        Nov 9, The Berlin Wall broke open after East German bureaucrat Guenter Schabowski (1929-2015) pulled a sheet of paper from his pocket and read out a decree stating that visas would be freely granted to those wanting to travel outside or leave the Stalinist state. Joyous Germans danced atop the Berlin Wall. Over its 28-year history at least 136 people were confirmed killed trying to cross the Wall into West Berlin, according to official figures. However, a prominent victims' group claimed that more than 200 people were killed trying to flee from East to West Berlin. Peter Wyden in this year authored "Wall: The Inside Story of Divided Berlin." In 2004 William F. Buckley authored "The Fall of the Berlin Wall." In 2014 Mary Elise Sarotte authored “The Collapse: The Accidental Opening of the Berlin Wall.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall)(SFC, 5/30/96, p.A12)(AP, 11/9/97)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)(WSJ, 3/18/04, p.D10)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.25)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.83)(AFP, 11/1/15)
1989        Nov 9, Turgut Ozal became the 8th president of Turkey elected by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turgut_%C3%96zal)

1990        Nov 9, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a historic non-aggression treaty with Germany, winning praise from German leaders in Bonn for his role in the peaceful fall of the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 11/9/00)

1991        Nov 9, President Bush returned from a four-day European trip that included a NATO summit.
    (AP, 11/9/01)
1991        Nov 9, Police in Hong Kong forcibly repatriated 59 Vietnamese boat people, carrying them onto a transport plane.
    (AP, 11/9/01)
1991        Nov 9, Singer-actor Yves Montand died near Paris at age 70. His body was exhumed in 1998 for DNA tests in a paternity suit filed by Aurore Drossard (22).
    (SFC, 3/13/98, p.A17)(AP, 11/9/01)

1992        Nov 9, Visiting London, Russian President Boris Yeltsin appealed for help in rescheduling his country's debt, and urged British businesses to invest.
    (AP, 11/9/97)
1992        Nov 9, Charles Fraser-Smith, English inventor (man who never was), died. He was the gadget-designing genius on whom the character "Q" in the James Bond novels and movies was modeled.
    (http://tinyurl.com/9aukm)

1993        Nov 9, Vice President Al Gore and Ross Perot debated the North American Free Trade Agreement on CNN's Larry King Live.
    (AP, 11/9/98)
1993        Nov 9, Edward J. Rollins, who had managed New Jersey Governor-elect Christine Todd Whitman's campaign, set off a furor by asserting New Jersey Republicans had paid money to curb black voter turnout, a claim denied by Whitman and later retracted by Rollins.
    (AP, 11/9/98)
1993        Nov 9, In Bosnia after two days of concentrated cannon fire at point-blank range, the bridge at Mostar finally collapsed into the river. Bosnian Serb armed militia (BSA) fired on a school in Sarajevo and 9 children died.
    (www.haverford.edu/relg/sells/killing.html)(www.hri.org/docs/USSD-Rights/93/Bosnia93.html)

1994        Nov 9, A day after Republicans won majorities in both the House and Senate, President Clinton and the GOP pledged cooperation, even as they started forming battle lines over irreconcilable differences.
    (AP, 11/9/99)

1995        Nov 9, In a pair of telephone interviews, O.J. Simpson told Associated Press reporter Linda Deutsch that people have supported rather than shunned him since his acquittal, and that he has learned that fame and wealth are illusions: “The only thing that endures is character.”
    (AP, 11/9/00)
1995        Nov 9, Yasser Arafat made a secret trip to Israel to offer condolences to the widow of assassinated PM Rabin.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1996        Nov 9, Evander Holyfield upset Mike Tyson to win the WBA heavyweight title in an 11-round fight in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/9/97)
1996        Nov 9, President Clinton used his weekly radio address to condemn the decision of the nation's distillers to end their voluntary ban on airing hard-liquor ads, calling it "simply irresponsible."
    (AP, 11/9/97)

1997        Nov 9, Poet Anthony Hecht, 74, received the $100,000 1997 Tanning Prize given by the Academy of American Poets. His works include: “Flight Among the Tombs,” The Transparent Man,” “The Venetian Vespers,” and “Millions of Strange Shadows.”
    (SFEC, 11/10/97, p.E3)
1997        Nov 9, A Boeing 707 jetliner carrying First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton was forced to return to Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington after a sensor indicated an engine fire, which turned out to be a false alarm. Mrs. Clinton left the following day for a tour of Central Asia.
    (AP, 11/9/98)
1997        Nov 9, In Alaska a family of 7 and the pilot of a commuter plane died in a crash in Barrow.
    (SFEC, 11/10/97, p.A4)
1997         Nov 9, In Lansdowne, Pa., some 200 people picketed in front of the home of Jonas Stelmokas (81) to protest delays to his deportation. He was accused of being a former member of the Lithuanian police force that helped Nazis kill Jews during WW II.
    (SFEC, 11/10/97, p.A4)
1997        Nov 9, Carl Hempel (b.1905), German-born philosopher, died in New Jersey. His work included “The Function of General Laws in History” (1942). He is also remembered for formulating the raven paradox, also called Hempel’s paradox.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Hempel)
1997        Nov 9, In Algeria attackers disguised as policemen slit the throats of 28 civilians in 2 separate attacks in the northwest.
    (SFEC, 11/10/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 9, In Thailand former Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai formed a new government with a coalition of 8 parties.
    (SFEC, 11/10/97, p.A12)

1998        Nov 9, The age of digital and interactive TV opened with a PBS documentary special, "Chihuly Over Venice." This was the first high definition digital TV broadcast.
    (SFC, 9/2/98, Z1 p.6) (AP, 11/9/99)   
1998        Nov 9, A federal judge in New York approved the richest antitrust settlement in U.S. history, a promise by leading brokerage firms to pay $1.03 billion to investors who had sued over a price-rigging scheme for stocks listed on the Nasdaq market.
    (AP, 11/9/99)
1998        Nov 9, US customs officials found 1,600 pounds of cocaine on one of Bogota’s C-130 in Florida. Colombia’s air force chief resigned the next day.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 9, In Bangladesh a general strike began and police clashed with strikers. An alliance of 7 opposition parties protested alleged attempts by police to kill their leader, Khaleda Zia.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.D4)
1998        Nov 9, The Human Rights Act 1998, an Act of the Westminster Parliament, made the European Convention on Human Rights part of the law of all parts of the UK. It did not come fully into effect until 2 October 2000.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Rights_Act_1998)

1999        Nov 9, The flight data recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 was recovered from the Atlantic Ocean and shipped to a National Transportation Safety Board laboratory in Washington.
    (AP, 11/9/00)
1999        Nov 9, In Congo government forces bombed Nkembe. Rebel spokesman Kien-Kiey Mulumba said he would no longer honor the peace accord after the government killed 100 civilians in 4 days of fighting.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)(SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 9, With fireworks, concerts and a huge party at the landmark Brandenburg Gate, Germany celebrated the tenth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 11/9/00)
1999        Nov 9, In Mexico a TAESA DC-9 jet exploded in flight near Uruapan and all 18 people onboard were killed.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 9, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin named Dmitry Medvedev first deputy chief of staff to prime minister.
    (WSJ, 2/28/08, p.A14)
1999        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga said 4,000 people were driven from their homes by the rebels and that the military had suffered 101 dead and 743 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 9, In Tanzania Mikaeli Muhimana, an ex-Rwandan official in Kibuye, was arrested in Dar es Salaam for his role in the 1994 slaughter of Tutsis.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A13)

2000        Nov 9, George W. Bush's lead over Al Gore in all-or-nothing Florida slipped beneath 300 votes in a suspense-filled recount, as Democrats threw the presidential election to the courts, claiming “an injustice unparalleled in our history.”
    (AP, 11/9/01)
2000        Nov 9, Pres. Clinton met with Yasser Arafat in Washington in an effort to end the bloodshed between Israel and Palestine.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 9, Pres. Clinton established the 293,000-acre Vermillion Cliffs in northern Arizona as a national monument. He also ordered 661,000 acres of federal land added to the 54,400-acre craters of the Moon National Monument in central Idaho. 
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A6)
2000        Nov 9, William Leonard Pickard (55) and Clyde Apperson (45) of California were indicted by a grand jury in Kansas City for running a massive LSD laboratory inside a decommissioned nuclear missile silo in Wamego, Ka. Leonard was sentenced on November 25, 2003 to two concurrent life sentences without parole. Apperson was sentenced on November 24, 2003 to 30 years of imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A1)(http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle-old/313/pickard.shtml)
2000        Nov 9, It was reported that Cancer drug tests showed that endostatin cut blood to tumors. It was also reported that statin cholesterol drugs might cut the risk of dementia as in Alzheimer’s disease.
    (WSJ, 11/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 9, Hundreds of thousands of Germans marched to condemn a wave of right-wing violence in an “Uprising of the Upright.”
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 9, In India Uttarakhand state was carved out of Himalayan and adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh, becoming the 27th state of the Republic of India.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uttarakhand)
2000        Nov 9, Israeli helicopter gunships fired missiles at a Palestinian vehicle and killed Fatah militia leader Hussein Abayat along with 2 nearby women.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 9, In Kosovo 4 Gypsies were killed in an ambush.
    (WSJ, 11/10/00, p.A1)
2000          Nov 9, Mozambique police killed 10 opposition demonstrators in Maputo. In Montepuez Renamo opposition supporters stormed a prison and freed 93 inmates. 7 police officers and 18 civilians died in election protests.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D2)(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D4)
2000        Nov 9, In Russia the government announced plans to shrink the 3 million member armed forces by 600,000.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D6)

2001        Nov 9, A federal panel ordered Amtrak to come up with a liquidation plan.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 9, The US Federal Election Committee voted 6-0 to recognize the Green Party as a national committee.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 9, In Afghanistan Northern Alliance forces under Gen. Rashid Dostum claimed the capture of Mazar-e-Sharif. Looting and killings were reported.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 9, Hutu rebels in Burundi abducted 80 teenage boys and 4 teachers from 3 schools in Ruyigi. Forced recruitment was believed to be the reason. Hundreds of youths escaped and at least 3 were left dead.
    (WSJ, 11/8/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 9, An Israeli settler was shot and killed in her car and a Palestinian was shot and killed as he approached an Israeli army position. In Gaza a 12-year-old Palestinian boy was wounded and died 3 days later.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A12)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 9, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said his country would consider sending troops to Afghanistan to help the anti-terrorism coalition.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 9, In Morocco negotiators of over 160 countries reached agreement on a climate control treaty and set mandatory targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 9, A Pakistani newspaper published a Nov 7 interview with Osama bin Laden in which he claimed to have chemical and nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 9, In Pakistan police in Dera Ghazi Khan shot and killed 4 protesters during a strike called by extremist religious parties.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 9, A WTO meeting was scheduled to start in Qatar. A Sep 27 blueprint called for concessions from the US, EU and Japan in opening markets for textiles, steel and agriculture.
    (WSJ, 9/28/01, p.A12)

2002        Nov 9, President Bush said in his radio address that Saddam Hussein faced a final test to surrender weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, In California Shirley Muldowney (63), 3-time Top Fuel champion, ended her 30-year racing career with a loss in the 2nd round of the Auto Club NHRA Finals at Pomona Raceway.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2002        Nov 9, Allan Chu (17) of Saratoga, Ca., won top honors in a Siemens Westinghouse competition for his work on a new algorithm to compress Internet data.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A17)
2002        Nov 9, In London Rabah Chehaj-Bias (21), Karim Kadouri (33) Rabah Kadre (35) were arrested and charged under the Terrorism Act with possessing materials for the "preparation, instigation or commission" of terrorism.
    (AP, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 9, In Colombia a teenager (17) hurled a grenade at a bar in Medellin, killing two people and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2002        Nov 9, Iyad Sawalha, a senior member of the militant Islamic Jihad group, was killed in an overnight army operation in the West Bank.
    (AP, 11/9/02)
2002        Nov 9, Some 450,000 marched through Florence in a protest against globalization and U.S. policy in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/10/02)
2002        Nov 9, A dry winter and a wet summer ravaged Italy's grapevines, causing the worst harvest in half a century.  Some regions were spared the disasters, like the area in Tuscany where Chianti is produced and parts of southern Italy.
    (AP, 11/9/02)
2002        Nov 9, Singapore opposition leader Chee Soon Juan was released from prison after serving 5 weeks for trying to hold a May Day rally without a permit at the entrance to the grounds of the President's official residence.
    (Reuters, 11/9/02)

2003        Nov 9, Endpcnoise.com, a Vancouver, Washington-based custom outlet, was reported to specialize in creating nearly silent PCs. These PCs can drop their noise levels to 25 or 26 decibels, while a human's lowest hearing threshold is generally considered to be about 20 decibels. A busy road is about 80 decibels and a quiet bedroom at night is about 30 decibels.
    (Reuters, 11/9/03)(www.endpcnoise.com)
2003        Nov 9, Art Carney (b.1918) died in Chester, Conn. He played Jackie Gleason's sewer worker pal Ed Norton in the TV classic "The Honeymooners" and went on to win the 1974 Oscar for best actor in "Harry and Tonto."
    (AP, 11/11/03)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A2)
2003        Nov 9, Gordon Onslow (90), abstract painter, died in Inverness, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A19)
2003        Nov 9, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, 87 inmates attempted a prison escape through a 390-foot tunnel. 48 were captured and 8 died when the tunnel collapsed.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 9, Martha Lucia Ramirez, Colombia's first woman defense minister, resigned and she refused to take questions from reporters.
    (AP, 11/10/03)
2003        Nov 9, Guatemala held presidential elections. Polls showed that former Guatemala City Mayor Oscar Berger (57) was statistically tied with center-left engineer Alvaro Colom (52).
    (AP, 11/7/03)
2003        Nov 9, In central Iran a crowded bus collided with a truck and a second truck then smashed into the wreckage of the two vehicles, killing 36 people and wounding 7 others.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, In Iraq a US military police soldier was killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack south of Baghdad. In Sadr City Muhanad al-Kaabi, a US-appointed district chairman, was shot dead following an argument with a US soldier guarding his council's headquarters.
    (AP, 11/10/03)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A16)
2003        Nov 9, Israel's Cabinet narrowly approved a hotly contested prisoner swap with Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas, by a 12-11 vote.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi's ruling bloc won a majority in the country's parliamentary elections. The opposition made big gains, narrowing the ruling coalition's majority on parliament and dampening its hopes for a strong mandate to carry out ambitious economic and political reform.
    (AP, 11/9/03)(AP, 11/9/08)
2003        Nov 9, In Mauritania armed security forces arrested Mohamed Ould Khouna Haidalla, the top losing challenger from presidential elections in this Arab-dominated desert nation, detaining him after an overnight standoff at his campaign headquarters.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Palestinian PM Ahmed Qureia announced the formation of a Cabinet and said he will present it to parliament this week. It left Yasser Arafat in control of security forces.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Former Gov. Pedro Rossello won Puerto Rico's pro-statehood nomination for governor in a primary, clearing the way for him to run again in the territory's elections next year.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, In South Korea labor activists and students battled riot police in one of the most violent protests in years. Dozens were injured. Protesters, estimated by police at 35,000 and by the labor confederation at 100,000, rallied in central Seoul to protest damages lawsuits that managers have filed against union leaders accused of staging illegal strikes.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square beatified two Spaniards, an Italian, a Belgian and a Frenchwoman.
    (AP, 11/9/03)
2003        Nov 9, I was reported that Tuvalu officials were searching nearby islands for relocation due to rising sea water. They planned to use some $45 million acquired by selling the .tv internet suffix.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.C6)

2004        Nov 9, Kenny Chesney won the US Country Music Association album of the year award for "When The Sun Goes Down" as well as entertainer of the year.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2004        Nov 9, Baseball star Roger Clemens won his record seventh Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2004        Nov 9, US Attorney Gen’l. John Ashcroft and Commerce Sec. Don Evans resigned their posts with the Bush administration.
    (SFC, 11/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 9, It was reported that repeated injections of paromomycin, a low cost antibiotic, could cure the parasitic disease black fever, also known as visceral leishmaniasis.
    (SFC, 11/9/04, p.A6)
2004        Nov 9, Iris Chang (b.1968), author of the 1997 book "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WW II," died by suicide in California. In 2007 Paula Kamen authored “Finding Iris Chang: Friendship, Ambition and the Loss of an Extraordinary Mind.” In 2011 Her mother Ying-Ying Change authored “The Woman Who Could Not Forget: Iris Change Before and Beyond The Rape of Nanking.”
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.91)(SFCM, 4/17/05, p.5)(SSFC, 11/11/07, p.M1)(SSFC, 5/15/11, p.G1)
2004        Nov 9, Ed Kemmer (b.1921), TV star, died at Roosevelt Hospital in NYC. He played the heroic Cmdr. Buzz Corry on the 1950s children's science-fiction television program “Space Patrol.” After “Space Patrol,” Kemmer broke the heroic mold by playing villains in episodes of “Perry Mason,” “Gunsmoke,” and “Maverick.” He spent 19 years as a regular on “The Edge of Night,” “As the World Turns,” “All My Children,” “Guiding Light,” and other soaps.
    (SFC, 11/17/04, p.B8)
2004        Nov 9, Iraqi authorities imposed the first nighttime curfew in more than a year on Baghdad and surrounding areas. US Army and Marine units thrust through the center of the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, fighting bands of guerrillas in the streets and conducting house-to-house searches on the 2nd day of a major offensive. Some US artillery used white phosphorous rounds that melted skin. At least 10 American and 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed in the assault. In 2008 a civilian jury acquitted former Marine Jose Luis Nazario Jr. of voluntary manslaughter in the killings of 4 unarmed Iraqi detainees during the Fallujah battle. In 2009 Marine Sgt. Ryan Weemer was acquitted of murder charges in the killing of an unarmed detainee in Fallujah.
    (AP, 11/9/04)(SFC, 11/10/04, p.A1,14)(AP, 8/29/08)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A6)
2004        Nov 9, In a backlash over the Fallujah assault the Iraqi Islamic Party withdrew from the interim government and a leading group of Sunni clerics called for Iraqis to boycott nationwide elections.
    (SFC, 11/10/04, p.A15)
2004        Nov 9, Israeli troops shot and killed two Palestinians who entered an unauthorized area in the Gaza Strip. Israeli troops in Nablus clashed with stone throwing youths, shooting dead a 22-year-old man and seriously wounding another.
    (AP, 11/9/04)
2004        Nov 9, In Ivory Coast French soldiers killed at least 7 Gbagbo loyalists in a presidential palace standoff.
    (WSJ, 11/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 9, In Slovenia Janez Jansa (b.1956) took office as prime minister. He continued in office until 2008.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janez_Jan%C5%A1a)
2004        Nov 9, Sudan's government and rebels agreed to sign fresh accords meant to stop hostilities in Darfur.
    (AP, 11/9/04)
2004        Nov 9, Stieg Larsson (b.1954), Swedish novelist, died of a heart attack. By 2009 his “The Millennium Trilogy,” published posthumously, had sold more than 12 million copies around the world. The books centered on the heroine Lisbeth Salander, a tattooed bisexual waif with autistic tendencies, a profound distrust of authority, as well as astonishing computer skills and physical courage. The first book in the trilogy, “The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo,” was released as a film in 2010.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stieg_Larsson)(Econ, 3/13/10, p.85)

2005        Nov 9, Carolina's Erik Cole became the first player in NHL history to be awarded two penalty shots in one game. Cole scored on the first, helping the Hurricanes defeat Buffalo 5-3.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2005        Nov 9, US oil executives testified before Congress that their huge profits were justified, but got a skeptical reaction from lawmakers.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2005        Nov 9, Rebels killed seven police officers and abducted two after ambushing them on a road in southern Afghanistan. The bodies of two villagers, abducted 2 days earlier, were found beheaded.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Argentine prosecutors said a Hezbollah militant has been identified as the suicide bomber who flattened a Jewish community center in 1994, killing 85 people in Argentina's worst terrorist attack. Hussein Berro, a 21-year-old Lebanese citizen who "belonged to Hezbollah," was driving the van packed with explosives July 18, 1994. He was identified by friends and relatives in Detroit, Mich., from a photograph.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, In Azerbaijan Pres. Ilham Aliev fired two regional governors for interfering with the count from last weekend's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Thousands of people rallied in Baku, Azerbaijan, to demand free elections, answering a call by the opposition movement following weekend parliamentary balloting that international observers said was flawed.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, In Belgium over half a dozen fires were reported in several cities, including the capital of Brussels, in the 4th day of vandal attacks, most of which remained minor. No injuries were reported, and several people were taken into custody for questioning by police.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Britain’s House of Commons defeated a crucial provision of the government’s latest anti-terrorism bill, handing PM Tony Blair his 1st Commons defeat since he came to power.
    (SFC, 11/10/05, p.A12)
2005        Nov 9, In Canada Vancouver Mayor Philip Owen added his name to the list of those who believe that marijuana should be decriminalized.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.39)(www.cannabisnews.com/news/thread11310.shtml)
2005        Nov 9, Chinese President Hu Jintao met Prime Minister Tony Blair as business leaders signed $1.3 billion in contracts and human rights protesters demonstrated outside Blair's office.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Europe's first mission to Venus was successfully launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and emitted a first signal at the start of its 163-day journey to the turbulent planet. The Venus Express aimed to arrive in April 2006.
    (AFP, 11/9/05)(Econ, 11/12/05, p.85)(Econ, 12/1/07, p.96)
2005        Nov 9, Egyptians cast ballots in their most robustly contested parliamentary election in more than 50 years, but no one expected the vote to unseat the long-dominant party of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi said that opposition leaders and newspaper editors under detention will face treason charges, which carry the death penalty in Ethiopia, for their alleged roles in protests last week in which at least 46 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, France's storm of rioting lost strength with a drop of nearly half in the number of car burnings. But looters and vandals still defied a state of emergency with attacks on stores, a newspaper warehouse and a subway station.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, K.R. Narayanan (85), former president of India (1997-2002), died. He was the first "untouchable" from India's pernicious caste system to occupy the office in a validation of the nation's democratic roots.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.100)
2005        Nov 9, Azahari bin Husin, one of southeast Asia's most-wanted terrorist suspects, was believed to have been killed when an elite Indonesian anti-terrorism unit stormed a suspected militant hideout on Java. He was accused of plotting a series of deadly bombings in Bali.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Muriel Degauque, a Belgian national married to a Moroccan man, detonated explosives strapped to her body in a failed attack against US troops.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 9, An employee of the Sudanese embassy in Iraq was shot dead by armed men who opened fire on his car in the west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Archeologists reported that 2 lines of an alphabet have been found inscribed in a stone in Israel, offering what some scholars say is the most solid evidence yet that the ancient Israelites were literate as early as the 10th century B.C. The stone was found in July, on the final day of a five-week dig at Tel Zayit, about 30 miles south of Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 11/10/05)
2005        Nov 9, Japanese electronics makers Toshiba Corp. and NEC Electronics Corp. announced they will jointly develop technology to produce next-generation semiconductors that are smaller, faster, more efficient and less costly.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, Suicide bombers In Jordan carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on three U.S.-based hotels in the capital of Amman in what appeared to be an al-Qaida assault. 2 Americans were among at least 59 people killed and 115 wounded.
    (AP, 11/10/05)(WSJ, 11/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 9, Mexico reported that consumer prices fell to a record low in October and that inflation was rapidly approaching the central bank’s target of 3%.
    (WSJ, 11/9/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 9, Negotiators trying to persuade North Korea to give up its nuclear ambitions focused on the contentious details of how the North will disarm and what it will get in exchange, with the U.S. and North Korean delegations holding a separate meeting.
    (AP, 11/9/05)
2005        Nov 9, In Semdinli, Turkey, 2 government intelligence officers and a PKK informant were caught trying to blow up a bookshop owned by a PKK sympathizer. The affair was said to have been organized by the “deep state,” a shadowy coalition of rogue officers and bureaucrats whose powers were being sapped by EU-inspired laws.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.54)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.52)

2006        Nov 9, Champion figure skater Michelle Kwan was appointed America's first public diplomacy envoy by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2006        Nov 9, Virginia Republican Sen. George Allen conceded his defeat to Democrat James Web. Sen. Conrad Burns conceded the Montana Senate race to Democrat Jon Tester.
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.A17)
2006        Nov 9, The Nevada Supreme Court upheld a Las Vegas city regulation barring erotic dancers from raunchy physical contact with their customers, in a ruling that runs counter to the gambling city's sinful reputation.
    (Reuters, 11/11/06)
2006        Nov 9, Perrigo Co., a major manufacturer of acetaminophen sold by Wal-Mart, CVS, Safeway and more than 100 other retailers, recalled 11 million bottles of the widely used pain-relieving pills after discovering some were contaminated with metal fragments.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, Ed Bradley (1941), former CBS newsman and 60 Minutes journalist, died in NYC of leukemia.
    (SFC, 11/10/06, p.A15)
2006        Nov 9, Afghan and US troops detained six people, four Afghans, an Arab and a Pakistani in the city of Khost. Later reports said the detainees included Abu Nasir al-Qahtani, one of four Arab al-Qaida operatives who escaped from the US prison in Bagram in July 2005.
    (AP, 11/9/06)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Algeria 7 members of the security forces were killed in an ambush during a cleanup operation in a forest used as a hideout by Islamic extremists, and 13 others were injured, four of them seriously.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, The Economist Magazine presented its annual Innovation Awards. Winners included Marvin Caruthers for the development of automated DNA synthesis; Janus Friis and Niklas Zennstrom of Skype for the development of Internet file-sharing and telephony using peer-to-peer technology; Johannes Poulsen for the commercialization of wind energy; Pierre Omidyar for the development of electronic marketplace technology; Hernando de Soto for the promotion of property rights and economic development; Sam Pitroda for pioneering India’s communications revolution; and Nicolas Hayek (1928-2010) for revitalizing the Swiss watch industry.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, TQ p.16)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.C5)
2006        Nov 9, In southern China police armed with shields, clubs and attack dogs fired tear gas on thousands of villagers protesting what they called a land grab by officials of Sanzhou village in Guangdong province.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Colombia's Supreme Court ordered three legislators arrested for their alleged ties to the country's far-right paramilitaries.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Markus Wolf (83), who outwitted the West as communist East Germany's long-serving spymaster, died. Wolf served under Erich Mielke, the hated Stasi chief, from 1956 until the fall of the Berlin Wall. Wolf detailed a string of his sagas in his 1997 book "Memoirs of a Spymaster."
    (AP, 11/9/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.90)
2006        Nov 9, Iraq’s health minister estimated that 150,000 civilians have been killed in the 3 ½ year war. Nearly simultaneous car bombs struck two markets in predominantly Shiite areas of Baghdad, killing at least 16 people, as many Iraqis cheered the resignation of US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. Iraqi soldiers descended on a building in the city of Rawah, 175 miles northwest of Baghdad, where they arrested local al-Qaida commander Abu Muhayyam al-Masri, whose name is a pseudonym meaning, "the Egyptian." 2 aides, Abu Issam al-Libi, or "the Libyan," and Abu Zaid al-Suri, "the Syrian," were also arrested, along with 9 other members of the cell. 3 unidentified bodies were found in Muqdadiyah. 2 US soldiers and a Marine were killed, bringing the number of Americans who have died in the country so far this month to 23.
    (AP, 11/9/06)(AP, 11/10/06)(SFC, 11/10/06, p.A20)
2006        Nov 9, Police arrested 50 people across central Italy to break up an organization that allegedly transported cocaine and heroin from Africa to Europe using couriers who swallowed drug-filled pellets.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Kyrgyzstan's President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed an amended constitution limiting his own powers in a bid to defuse the deepest political crisis this Central Asian nation has experienced since the 2005 uprising that carried him to power.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, Mexico City's assembly passed legislation to legally recognize gay civil unions in the capital, the first such vote by a legislative body in the history of the conservative country.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Mozambique a regional governor said more than 4,500 foreigners, mostly from Tanzania, have been expelled for clandestinely mining gold close to its northern border with Tanzania.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Nigeria at least 6 hostages escaped from an oil facility where they had been held along with dozens of other people since armed men raided the Italian-run pumping station earlier this week.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, The UN ranked Norway as the best country to live in for a sixth consecutive year, prompting the country's aid minister to tell Norwegians to stop whining about wanting more.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir 5 high-school students who mistook a bomblet for a toy were fatally wounded when the explosive went off as they played with it in a field.
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, Russia’s Supreme Court overturned the acquittal of three suspects in the killing of US journalist Paul Klebnikov (2004). The court ordered a new trial with a new judge.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Rwanda Theophister Mukakibibi, a Catholic nun, was sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping militias kill hundreds of people hiding in a hospital during the 1994 genocide. 
    (AP, 11/10/06)
2006        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka at least 9 vessels were destroyed in a naval clash between Tamil rebels and Sri Lanka's navy off the northern coast. Rebels claimed they killed 26 sailors and captured four others.
    (AP, 11/9/06)
2006        Nov 9, In southern Thailand 8 bombs exploded almost simultaneously at car and motorcycle showrooms, wounding nine people.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2007        Nov 9, In Washington, DC, Michael Mukasey, a retired federal judge, was sworn in as the 81st US Attorney General.
    (SFC, 11/10/07, p.A3)
2007        Nov 9, Former New York City police commissioner Bernard Kerik (52) surrendered to face federal corruption charges, in what could prove to be an ongoing embarrassment for presidential hopeful Rudy Giuliani. The indictment alleges Kerik made false statements to the White House and other federal officials during his failed bid to head the Homeland Security department. The investigation of Kerik arose from allegations that, while a city official, he accepted $165,000 in renovations to his Bronx apartment, paid for by a mob-connected construction company that sought his help in winning city contracts.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, Merck & Co. said it will pay $4.85 billion to end thousands of state and federal lawsuits over its painkiller Vioxx in one of the largest drug settlements ever.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, In Newton County, Missouri, David Spears (24) and another, unnamed, 24-year-old man, were arrested in the death of Rowan Ford. Rowan had been missing since Nov 3. Her body was found on private land about 10 miles south of the girl's hometown of Stella.
    (AP, 11/10/07)
2007        Nov 9, A British soldier serving in Afghanistan was killed after the vehicle he was traveling in came off a road and rolled over a bridge. 6 US and 2 Afghan troops were killed when insurgents ambushed their foot patrol in the high mountains of eastern Nuristan province. The attack, the most lethal against American forces this year, put US troop deaths to at least 101 this year making 2007 the deadliest for US troops in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion. In 2014 platoon radio operator Kyle J. White was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the ambush in Nuristan.
    (AP, 11/9/07)(AFP, 11/10/07)(SFC, 4/16/14, p.A6)
2007        Nov 9, A Belgian pilot and three Spanish flight crew were set free by authorities in Chad who had accused them of complicity in a plot to kidnap 103 children and take them to France for adoption.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, In Kumba, Cameroon, one person died and five were injured after security forces fired on a crowd protesting after a two-week-long power cut. Locals had taken to the streets to protest the arrest of four high school students following an earlier demonstration.
    (AFP, 11/10/07)
2007        Nov 9, China froze exports of the "Aqua Dots" bead toy, following recalls of the potentially toxic toy in the United States and Australia.
    (Reuters, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, China Merchant Bank, the country’s 6th largest bank, became the 3rd Chinese bank to win permission to open a branch in NYC.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.90)
2007        Nov 9, Egyptian border guards opened fire on Hana Mohamed (24) of Eritrea after she failed to heed their warnings to stop south of the Rafah border crossing. The young woman bled to death after being shot in the legs.
    (AFP, 11/10/07)
2007        Nov 9, Finland said it will raise the minimum age for buying guns from 15 to 18 in the wake of the Nov 7 rampage by a teenage student.
    (SFC, 11/10/07, p.A3)
2007        Nov 9, Georgian opposition leaders said they would end streets protests against President Mikhail Saakashvili after he called for an early presidential election for January.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, In Ingushetia a special operation to capture alleged terrorists left a child dead after soldiers fired on a family of five.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, SR p.16)
2007        Nov 9, Former insurgents, who turned against al-Qaida in Iraq, launched an attack against the terror group near Samarra and killed 18 of its members, asking the US military to stay away while the battle raged. The US military released nine Iranians from custody in Iraq, including two accused of being members of an elite force suspected of arming Shiite extremists. It said they were no longer considered security risks.
    (AP, 11/9/07)(AP, 11/10/07)
2007        Nov 9, Pakistani police placed opposition leader Benazir Bhutto under house arrest, uncoiling barbed wire in front of her Islamabad villa, and reportedly rounding up thousands of her supporters to block a mass protest against emergency rule. A suicide bombing at a government minister's home in the northwestern city of Peshawar killed four people.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, Saudi authorities beheaded Saudi citizen Khalaf al-Anzi in Riyadh for kidnapping and raping a teenager.
    (AP, 11/10/07)
2007        Nov 9, In Somalia witnesses and doctors said heavy fighting between insurgents and Ethiopian troops backing Somalia's shaky government has killed 50 people and wounded 100 others in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 11/9/07)
2007        Nov 9, Turkey's parliament approved a bill allowing for the construction of nuclear power plants in the country, despite opposition from environmental groups.
    (AP, 11/9/07)

2008        Nov 9, In a record bailout of a private company the US government scraped its original $123 billion plan to rescue troubled insurance giant American International Group (AIG) and replaced it with a new $150 billion financial package, including $40 billion for partial ownership.
    (AP, 11/10/08)(WSJ, 11/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 9, Health experts presented findings of a study, called Jupiter, that found Crestor, a cholesterol drug made by AstraZeneca, reduced the risk of heart-related death, heart attacks and other serious cardiac problems by 44%.
    (WSJ, 11/10/08, p.B1)
2008        Nov 9, In Louisiana Raymond "Chuck" Foster, 44, shot and killed an Oklahoma woman, who was lured over the Internet to take part in a Ku Klux Klan initiation, after a fight broke out when she asked to be taken back to town. The group tried to cover it up by dumping her body on a rural roadside and setting her belongings aflame. Foster, the local Klan leader was soon in jail on a second-degree murder charge, and seven others were charged with trying to help conceal the crime.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 9, A Taliban suicide attacker rammed a bomb-filled minivan into a NATO military convoy in Afghanistan, killing two Spanish soldiers and critically wounding another. Officials said US coalition forces killed 14 militants who fired on them in Khost province. The province's governor, Arsallah Jamal, said the 14 men were civilian construction workers and were not militants.
    (AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, A Bahrain-based Islamic investment bank unveiled plans for a five-billion-dollar energy sector business hub at Sabratha, Libya.
    (AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, finance ministers from 20 leading nations (G20) agreed to boost emerging economies’ role in negotiations to overhaul the international financial system.
    (SFC, 11/10/08, p.D1)
2008        Nov 9, Troubled neighbors Chad and Sudan exchanged ambassadors, six months after diplomatic ties were ruptured over tit-for-tat accusations of support for armed rebels.
    (AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, China announced a $586 billion stimulus package in its biggest move to stop the global financial crisis from hitting the world's fourth-largest economy.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, Doctors struggled to contain an outbreak of cholera in a sprawling refugee camp near Congo's eastern provincial capital of Goma, as new fighting ignited fears that infected patients could scatter and launch an epidemic.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, Hurricane Paloma leveled hundreds of homes along Cuba's southern coast before rapidly losing steam over land, weakening from a dangerous Category 4 storm into a tropical depression in less than a day.
    (AP, 11/10/08)
2008        Nov 9, Egyptian authorities denied entry to one of Osama bin Laden's sons and put him on a plane to Qatar, becoming the third country to reject the self-proclaimed "ambassador for peace." Omar Osama bin Laden (27) and his British wife, Zaina Alsabah (52), arrived at Cairo International Airport over the weekend after he unsuccessfully tried to seek political asylum in Spain.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, Rose Kabuye, Rwanda Pres. Kagame's chief of protocol, was arrested at Frankfurt airport on an international warrant issued in 2006 by French anti-terrorism judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere.
    (AFP, 11/10/08)
2008        Nov 9, Indonesia boosted security after three Islamic militants (Imam Samudra, 38, and brothers Amrozi Nurhasyim, 47, and Ali Ghufron, 48) were executed for the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people. Emotional supporters thronged ambulances carrying their caskets through narrow streets, some calling for revenge.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, In Iraq a female suicide bomber blew herself up at a hospital west of Baghdad, killing three people and injuring five others. 2 women and a 10-year-old girl were killed in the attack in Amiriyat al-Fallujah near Fallujah. A roadside bomb in Mosul killed 3 Iraqi soldiers and wounded 4 others. A bomb attached to a bike in Khalis killed at least 2 people.
    (AP, 11/9/08)(SFC, 11/10/08, p.A12)
2008        Nov 9, Israel and the Palestinians pledged to continue peace talks that President Bush launched last year even though a possible deal won't be reached until after he leaves office.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, Pakistani airstrikes pounded suspected insurgent hide-outs in the Bajur tribal region bordering Afghanistan, killing 13 alleged militants. A remote-controlled bomb planted on a motorcycle killed a passer-by and wounded five others in a market in Sui town in southwest Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, Southern African leaders opened a regional summit on Zimbabwe, hoping to break a deadlock over the allocation of cabinet posts which has prevented formation of a power-sharing government.
    (AP, 11/9/08)
2008        Nov 9, Taiwan’s central bank cut its key interest rate for the 4th time in less than 8 weeks. The cut was .25%.
    (WSJ, 11/10/08, p.A13)
2008        Nov 9, Kuo Te-tsai (42), a Taiwanese drug trafficker, was arrested at a Thai beach resort with 229 pounds of heroin worth millions of dollars in a joint operation by American, Taiwanese and Thai drug enforcement authorities.
    (AP, 11/10/08)
2008        Nov 9, Zimbabwe's neighbors failed to break an impasse on forming a unity government, prompting opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai to appeal to the African Union to step in.
    (AFP, 11/9/08)

2009        Nov 9, Pennsylvania Gov. Ed Rendell said the Philadelphia transit strike has ended and that system would be up and running for the morning commute.
    (SFC, 11/9/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 9, Tahir Sheikh Fakhar (56) of Hayward, Ca., was killed early this morning when the big rig he was driving went off the SF Bay Bridge new S curve, plunging 200 feet onto Yerba Buena Island.
    (SFC, 11/10/09, p.A1)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 9, US giant Kraft Foods launched a hostile 9.8-billion-pound takeover bid for Cadbury which the British confectioner rejected.
    (AFP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, General Motors said that it would invest C$90 million ($85.1 million) to expand a joint venture plant in Canada where it builds the Chevrolet Equinox and GMC Terrain crossovers.
    (Reuters, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, The Afghan Ministry of Public Health said that 710 of the 779 cases of H1N1 reported since early July have been among Afghan, US and Italian troops. The 11 people who have died from the virus were all Afghans, including one soldier.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, NATO said that 700 members of the Afghan security forces and 50 international troops were involved in a clearing operation in northern Afghanistan. NATO said Afghan and foreign troops have killed more than 130 insurgents, including 8 Taliban commanders, in six days of fierce fighting during a major offensive in the Charhar Dara district in Kunduz.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, In eastern Chad a French Red Cross staff member was abducted by several armed men, close to the border with Sudan. Laurent Maurice was freed in Sudan on Feb 6.
    (AFP, 11/10/09)(AP, 2/7/10)
2009        Nov 9, China said it had put to death nine people over deadly ethnic unrest in its far-western Xinjiang region, the first executions since the rioting in July.
    (AFP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, In China Hu Shuli, the founder and editor of the 11-year-old Caijing financial magazine, resigned. He had tackled tough subjects and his departure cast doubts over greater media independence.
    (SFC, 11/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 9, In Colombia at least nine soldiers were killed and four wounded in combat with leftist rebels in a mountainous western region.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 9, In central Indonesia 6.7 undersea earthquake killed one person, injured dozens and damaged hundreds of houses on remote Sumbawa Island. Local officials said torrential rains have triggered a series of landslides on Sulawesi island, killing at least 14 residents and burying many more.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, Lebanon’s PM Saad Hariri formed Cabinet that included the militant group Hezbollah and its allies, ending a months long deadlock.
    (SFC, 11/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 9, In Malawi two opposition leaders were convicted of sedition and inciting violence while campaigning. A judge sentenced each to 20 months in prison with hard labor. These were the first sedition convictions since the late dictator Hastings Kamuzu Banda's 1963-1994 rule.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 9, In Mexico gunmen burst into an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting and opened fire in a violence-plagued Chihuahua City, killing one person and wounding four others. In the Pacific coast state of Colima state police captured Aaron Lopez Garcia (31), a violent gang member who was one of America's 15 most wanted fugitives by US Marshals.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 9, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in a rickshaw detonated his explosives near a group of policemen at an intersection on the main road that circles Peshawar, killing 3 people. A roadside bomb killed two paramilitary troops and wounded a third in Salarzai town in the Bajur tribal region. Militants shot and killed a senior police officer in the main town of Khar as he was leaving his office. Fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in three villages in the Kurram tribal region, killing eight suspected fighters.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, In Saudi Arabia Ali Sibat (49), a Lebanese psychic who made predictions on a satellite TV channel from his home in Beirut, was sentenced to death for practicing witchcraft. He was arrested by religious police in Medina during a pilgrimage there in May, 2008. In 2010 Saudi authorities said Sibat would not be beheaded. A 3-judge panel said that there was not enough evidence that Sibat's actions harmed others. They ordered the case to be retried in a Medina court and recommended that the sentence be commuted and that Sibat be deported.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 11/13/10)
2009        Nov 9, The EU Naval Force said pirates in two skiffs fired automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades at the Hong Kong-flagged BW Lion about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) east of the Somali coast. The ship avoided the attack and no casualties were reported. Some 14 Somali pirates seized a Yemeni fishing boat, the Al Hilal or Al Halil.
    (AP, 11/9/09)(AP, 11/11/09)

2010        Nov 9, President Barack Obama arrived in Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation. He voiced support for Pres. Yudhoyono's efforts to nurture a rapidly growing society even in a time when Indonesia has been hit by earthquakes, a tsunami, and now a volcanic eruption. He also expressed deep concern that Israelis and Palestinians aren't making the "extra effort" to secure a breakthrough for achieving Middle East peace.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, Chevron Corp. said it will buy Atlas Energy for $4.3 billion giving it a big stake in natural gas from underground shale formations.
    (SFC, 11/10/10, p.D1)
2010        Nov 9, The $60 Activision Blizzard video game “Call of Duty: Black Ops” was released. It raked in a record $360 million in the first 24 hours of sales and $650 million in the first 5 days.
    (SFC, 11/12/10, p.D3)(Econ, 12/10/11, SR p.3)
2010        Nov 9, Afghan security forces arrested a member of the deadly Haqqani network and three other associates after ordering the plane flying him to Saudi Arabia to return to the capital. A NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack in the south. In the eastern province of Paktia, militants killed the chief of Shewak district by blowing up his car with a roadside bomb. NATO announced the capture of a senior Taliban leader responsible for attacks in the Dand and Panjwai districts of Kandahar province, as well as another Taliban member linked to multiple bombings in the provincial capital. In Zabul province Afghan and coalition forces captured a Taliban insurgent responsible for moving weapons and coordinating attacks in the Shahjoy district. 4 policemen were killed in an ambush as they were driving through Imam Sahib district along the border with Tajikistan. A NATO service member was killed by a bomb blast in the south.
    (AP, 11/9/10)(AP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, Bangladesh said it would cap the annual interest rate for microfinance institutions at 27%.
    (Econ, 11/20/10, p.84)
2010        Nov 9, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva began a 2-day visit to Mozambique, focusing on education and health care in his last trip to Africa before leaving office.
    (AFP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, In Brazil authorities negotiated an end to a rebellion in an overcrowded prison in the northeastern state of Maranhao after fighting between rival gangs left 18 inmates dead, including six who were decapitated.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, Londoners Tom Freeman (26) and Katherine Doyle (26), after having their application to form a civil partnership rejected by officials at their local town hall in Islington, north London, said they will go to court to win the right. They were being backed by gay rights activists, who hope a ruling that allows straight couples the right to a civil partnership would mean, in turn, that gay couples have the right to wed.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, China signaled its intention to drain excess cash from its financial system by unexpectedly raising the yield on bills at a central bank auction and announcing new rules to curb hot money inflows.
    (Reuters, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, The WHO said a polio outbreak in the Congo Republic affected 201 people and caused 104 deaths in the last two weeks. The government in Brazzaville has declared an emergency and announced plans to vaccinate the entire population.
    (SFC, 11/10/10, p.A2)
2010        Nov 9, Ethiopia's Ogaden rebels said they had killed more than 200 soldiers in a string of successful military operations since the beginning of October, a claim promptly ridiculed by the government.
    (AFP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, France's constitutional watchdog ruled that the bill raising the minimum retirement age to 62 is perfectly legal, marking a political victory for Pres. Sarkozy.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, French detained 5 people (ages 25-30) suspected of a role in a network that allegedly sends French citizens to the tribal zone bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan to train for war. 2 of the five were detained at Charles de Gaulle airport, north of Paris, on their return from Egypt on Nov 8. Three others were picked up in Paris today. A woman was soon released. On Nov 13 four men were charged with "criminal association linked to a terrorist enterprise."
    (AP, 11/9/10)(AP, 11/13/10)
2010        Nov 9, France's highest court authorized a probe into the assets of three African heads of state, after two rights groups' alleged that the leaders laundered money through French villas, cars and bank accounts. The probe will target Gabon's late leader Omar Bongo, the Republic of Congo's President Denis Sassou-Nguesso and President Teodoro Obiang of Equatorial Guinea.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, India’s ruling Congress party sacked 2 officials, Suresh Kalmadi and Ashoka Chavan, over graft relating to the Commonwealth Games.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.50)
2010        Nov 9, Ireland's human rights watchdog appealed to the government to investigate the abuse of women and girls in prison-style Catholic laundries, an issue left unresolved by state probes into scandals inside other church-run institutions. The so-called Magdalene Laundries, a network of 10 workhouses, operated in independent Ireland from the 1920s to the mid-1990s.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, Jordanians lined up to cast ballots for a new parliament in a vote that was dominated by anger at Israel over stalled peace talks and widespread frustration over an economic crisis. Loyalists of King Abdullah II won a majority of seats in the next parliament. The Islamist opposition boycotted the elections in protest of electoral laws they said were unfair. Votes in the capital carried only a quarter of the weight as ones cast in the hinterlands.
    (AP, 11/9/10)(AP, 11/10/10)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.60)
2010        Nov 9, A judge in Kenya's second-highest court said that the country does not have jurisdiction to try pirates if attacks have taken place outside Kenya's waters, a decision that could harm US and international efforts to have pirates tried in East Africa.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, In Mexico members of the Inter American Press Association concluded a four-day assembly in Merida and issued a report citing concerns that both government censorship and organized crime pose threats to journalists in the region.
    (AP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, In Mexico a one-page letter allegedly signed by "La Familia Michoacana" drug cartel was dropped in the streets of some mountain towns in the western state of Michoacan. It also showed up as a banner above an overpass and was sent as an e-mail to reporters. The letter offered to dissolve the gang if the government promises to protect citizens in Michoacan.
    (AP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, Mexican bread maker Grupo Bimbo, the world’s largest bread maker, said it has agreed to buy Sara Lee Corp.’s North American bakery business for $959 million to boost sales outside Mexico.
    (SFC, 11/10/10, p.D4)
2010        Nov 9, About 20,000 refugees from Myanmar headed home after fleeing to Thailand as fighting followed a general election that is certain to keep Myanmar's military and its allies in power.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, Nigerian authorities announced 23 new arrests announced, bringing the number of suspected Boko Haram sect members in police custody to 128.
    (AP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, Representatives of Hamas and the Fatah party of Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas started a meeting in Damascus for reconciliation talks.
    (AFP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, Turkey’s Pres. Abdullah Gul received this year’s Chatham House prize from Britain’s queen.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.60)
2010        Nov 9, The United Arab Emirates said it will force Canadians to get a visa to travel to the Persian Gulf federation as of Jan 2, as ties soured between the once-close countries. Emirati officials have ratcheted up the pressure on Ottawa after failing to secure additional landing rights for their growing government-backed airlines.
    (AP, 11/9/10)
2010        Nov 9, A UN report suggesting North Korea may have supplied Syria, Iran and Myanmar with banned nuclear technology headed to the Security Council. The latest report by the so-called Panel of Experts on Pyongyang's compliance with UN sanctions was delivered to the Security Council's North Korea sanctions committee in May, but did not move for nearly six months due to Chinese objections.
    (Reuters, 11/9/10)

2011        Nov 9, US federal officials said an Eastern European pack of cyber thieves, known as the Rove group, hijacked at least four million computers in over 100 countries, including at least half a million computers in the US, to make off with $14 million in "illegitimate income" before they were caught. The accused hackers, six Estonian nationals and a Russian national, rerouted the internet traffic illegally on the infected computers for the last four years in order to reap profits from internet advertisement deals.
    (ABCNews, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, The DJIA fell 389 points as Italy’s borrowing costs soared and talks collapsed in Greece on forming a new government.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.D1)
2011        Nov 9, Alabama's Jefferson County, with debts of $4.2 billion, filed for bankruptcy court protection in the biggest municipal bankruptcy in US history.
    (Reuters, 11/10/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.89)
2011        Nov 9, In Berkeley, Ca., 7 people were arrested as police broke up student efforts to build an Occupy encampment on campus.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.C1)
2011        Nov 9, In Florida two offshore powerboat racers died after their catamaran went airborne at high speed at the opening of the Key West World Championship.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 9, In Belize Larry Johnson (68), a retired chiropractor from New Mexico, was killed during a home invasion at the Iguana Creek Resort he owned, 60 miles west of Belize City. Police soon detained several people for questioning.
    (AP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 9, A Brazilian court said the construction of the Belo Monte dam can proceed without additional consultation with indigenous communities.
    (SFC, 11/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 9, Thousands of students marched through London in the latest display of anger against the government's austerity measures, with large numbers of police aiming to prevent a repeat of violence and rioting seen last year.
    (Reuters, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, An independent report recommended the Ealing Abbey monastery should no longer be allowed to run St. Benedict's School, a London Roman Catholic school where pupils were physically and sexually abused over several decades. Former St. Benedict's headmaster, the Rev. David Pearce, was jailed in 2009 for abusing boys at the school over a 35-year period.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, In India a court sentenced 31 Hindus to life imprisonment for killing dozens of Muslims by setting a building on fire in early 2002 during one of India's worst rounds of communal violence.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vowed that Iran won't retreat "one iota" from its nuclear program, denying claims that it seeks atomic weapons. Key ally Russia gave the Islamic Republic a major boost, rejecting tighter sanctions despite a UN watchdog report detailing suspected arms-related advances.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Iraq's PM Nuri al-Maliki called on members of Saddam Hussein's former Baath party to declare their rejection of the party in writing, and threatened prosecution if they do not.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Israeli warplanes raided the Gaza Strip after a rocket was fired at southern Israel. Three Palestinian cars were set ablaze overnight in the West Bank village of Beit Omar near Hebron and a house sprayed with graffiti. Hardline Jewish settlers have adopted what they call a "price tag" policy under which they have attacked mainly Palestinians and their property in response to Israeli government measures against settlements.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Financial markets pounded Italy sending a clear message that they want Premier Silvio Berlusconi out immediately despite his plan to stick around a little longer.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Japan’s Toyota Motor Corp. said it is recalling about 550,000 vehicles worldwide, mostly in the United States, for problems that could make it harder to steer. Toyota has received a total of 79 reports about the defect dating back to 2007, but there have been no reports of accidents or injuries related to the problems.
    (AP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, In Mexico the decapitated body of a man was left at the same monument in Nuevo Laredo where the corpse of a woman, purportedly killed in retaliation for her postings on an anti-crime website, had been left previously. A photo of the scene indicates the man was killed for reporting criminals on social media sites. The naked bodies of six men and a woman were found on an outdoor basketball court outside the city of Durango. In Acapulco police found the decapitated bodies of a man and a woman inside an abandoned taxi. Soldiers in Culiacan detained Ovidio Limon Sanchez (48), a top operator for the powerful Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Human Rights Watch released an investigative report that accused the Mexican government of torture, forced disappearances and extra-judicial killings in its war against organized crime. HRW presented evidence of the police and army’s role in 24 extrajudicial killings, 39 disappearances and 170 cases of torture since December 2006.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.46)
2011        Nov 9, In Nigeria organizers said secret police in Nigeria have detained Wale Ajani, who was helping organize a planned hunger strike over the possible removal of fuel subsidies. In the northeast suspected members of the Boko Haram radical Muslim sect killed two civilians in a police station blast in Mainok.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Shell said a pipeline fire in southern Nigeria has caused a cut in oil production in the country, with a spill also reported in connection with the incident.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, A Russian space probe aiming to land on a Mars moon was stuck circling the Earth after equipment failure. Scientists raced to fire up its engines before the whole thing came crashing down. The unmanned Phobos-Ground craft was successfully launched by a Zenit-2 booster rocket just after midnight. On Dec 2 the European Space Agency said it had abandoned efforts to contact the probe.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(SFC, 12/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 9, In Somalia several armed and masked men shot to death a Somali deputy in front of his house in the capital Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, Syrian troops killed 16 civilians as they pressed their bloody crackdown on dissent, said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Protesters threw eggs at a four-man delegation of the Syrian National Coordination Committee (NCC), headed by Hassan Abdul-Azim, as they tried to enter the Arab League's headquarters in downtown Cairo. The Syria-based National Coordination Committee is a rival to the broad-based Syrian National Council group that was announced in Turkey in October and rejects all forms of contact with the regime under the current crackdown.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Tanzanian opposition leader Freeman Mbowe surrendered to police. Mbowe, who heads the CHADEMA party, and scores of supporters staged a Nov 7 demonstration in the northern town of Arusha demanding the release of one of its officials and that President Jakaya Kikwete step down.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)
2011        Nov 9, In eastern Turkey another earthquake, measuring 5.7, struck 9 miles (16km) south of Van. A Japanese aid worker was among 39 people killed by the earthquake. All the fatalities occurred in the Bayram Hotel and the low-budget Aslan Hotel. It hit the same region slammed by an Oct. 23 temblor that left 600 people dead.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AP, 11/11/11)(AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 9, In Venezuela Washington Nationals catcher Wilson Ramos (24), who had just finished his rookie season, was seized from his home in the town of Santa Ines by kidnappers. Ramos was reported rescued on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AP, 11/11/11)

2012        Nov 9, David Petraeus, the retired four-star general renowned for taking charge of the military campaigns in Iraq and then Afghanistan, abruptly resigned as director of the CIA, admitting to an extramarital affair. Petraeus carried on the affair with his biographer and reserve Army officer Paula Broadwell.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Colorado police officer James Davies (35) died after he was shot by another officer while responding to a crime scene in Lakewood, a Denver suburb.
    (SFC, 11/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Nov 9, In Texas a federal indictment named 34 members of the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas for crimes that included murder, kidnapping, arson, gambling and drug trafficking. Dozens of members were arrested.
    (SFC, 11/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Nov 9, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Another died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the country's south.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, An Algerian military cargo plane crashed in southern France with six people aboard. The plane returning to Algeria carried five military personnel and one official of the Algerian national bank.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, The Australian government said it has abandoned its 5-year-old pledge to mandate a filter blocking child pornography and other objectionable Internet content. Instead service providers have agreed to block a list of 1,400 websites.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 9, Britain’s PM David Cameron announced that Justin Welby (56), ordained in 1992 with a background in the oil industry and in conflict resolution, has been appointed succeed Rowan Williams as the next Archbishop of Canterbury.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, PM David Cameron's government announced that Britain will halt all aid spending in India in 2015 in a significant shift in relations between the emerging economic giant and its former colonial ruler.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, In China Wang Yang, a senior Communist Party leader, said asset disclosure for Chinese officials is likely to be slowly phased in over time, as the government grapples with the fraught task of rooting out the corruption that has fed widespread public anger.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, The Congolese army attacked M23 rebel positions, ending a two-month ceasefire. The next day an M23 spokesman said 10 civilians were killed when government forces fired on the rebel base in Kitagoma, in eastern Congo.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Egypt over 10,000 ultraconservative Muslims demonstrated in downtown Cairo to demand that the new constitution be based on the rulings of Islamic law, or Shariah.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, Negotiations over next year's European Union budget collapsed after a dispute between member states and the European Commission over a shortfall in the 2012 budget.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 9, Guinea treasury chief Aissatou Boiro was gunned down as she was driving home in Conakry. She had launched an investigation into the loss of 13 million francs ($1.8 million) which went missing from the state coffers. On Dec 28 officials said they had arrested two suspects in the case.
    (AP, 11/11/12)(AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Nov 9, Mexican prosecutors charged 14 federal police officers with trying to kill two CIA agents and a Mexican navy captain in an August 24 ambush south of the capital.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Myanmar a tanker train exploded some 500 miles north of Rangoon killing 25 people and injuring over 90 others. Dozens had rushed to skim fuel from overturned carriages before the blast.
    (SSFC, 11/11/12, p.A9)
2012        Nov 9, New Zealand's government said that it would not sign on for a second stage of the Kyoto Protocol climate treaty, a stance that angered environmentalists and political opponents. Climate change minister Tim Groser said the country would be better served in the future by joining the US, China and others in a nonbinding climate pledge under the United Nations Framework Convention. The Kyoto 2 treaty will run from 2013 to 2020.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, A Polish university researcher driven by nationalistic and anti-Semitic hatred was arrested for planning to detonate a four-ton bomb in front of the Parliament building in Warsaw with the president, prime minister, government ministers and lawmakers inside.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Qatar Syria's main opposition group in exile elected George Sabra, a left-wing veteran dissident born into a Christian family, as its new president.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, South African police with bulldozers destroyed homes in Lenasia township that authorities say were constructed on illegally sold land, despite efforts by protesters to stop the demolition. About 7 houses were demolished by midday, bringing to about 44 the number of houses destroyed since last week.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, A South Africa court sentenced a Thai national to 40 years in prison for selling rhino horns. Chumlong Lemtongthai had pleaded guilty to 59 charges on Nov 5. At least 458 of South Africa's endangered rhinos have been illegally killed this year.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Spain Amaia Egana (53) threw herself from her fourth-floor balcony as bailiffs arrived to repossess her flat. PM Mariano Rajoy said government will aim to fast track reforms to halt evictions related to mortgage.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka a shootout between rioting prisoners and security forces at the Welikada prison in Colombo killed at least 27 inmates. Police arrested five prisoners who had managed to escape and were searching for others. The opposition described the deaths as a cold-blooded massacre.
    (AP, 11/10/12)(SFC, 11/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 9, Syria's president said in an interview broadcast that his country is not in a state of civil war, and that he has no regrets about any decisions he has made since the uprising against him began nearly 20 months ago. UN officials said at least 11,000 Syrian refugees have fled their country over the last 24 hours, including some 9,000 to Turkey and the rest to Jordan and Lebanon.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, Turkey's state-run agency said a group of Syrian soldiers, including two generals and 11 colonels, have fled to Turkey with their families.
    (AP, 11/9/12)
2012        Nov 9, In Turkey the office for the governor for Hakkari province said as many as 42 Kurdish rebels have been killed in the past three days in operations that were backed by airpower.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 9, A UN plan to provide $836 million in emergency aid to Syrians battered by their nation's civil war ran into funding problems despite an additional US donation of $34 million.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2013        Nov 9, The American navy christened a new aircraft carrier, the USS Gerald Ford, a colossal ship plagued by equally huge cost overruns, at a time of growing budget pressures.
    (AFP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, In Texas at least two people were killed and 22 hurt in a shooting at a house party packed with young adults in Cypress, a suburb of Houston. On Nov 11 Willie Young (21) and Randy Stewart (18) were arrested in relation to the shootings.
    (AFP, 11/10/13)(SFC, 11/12/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 9, The opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) announced another 84-hour nationwide strike, starting Nov 10, after police arrested BNP leaders, triggering violent protests across the country.
    (Reuters, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, China's ruling Communist Party began its Third Plenum, a key 4-day meeting to dictate the direction of the world's second-biggest economy for the next decade.
    (AFP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, Oil-rich Equatorial Guinea said it would block an agreement between central African countries to allow people from the region to circulate freely, due to fears it would be flooded with immigrants.
    (AFP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, In Indonesia 13 people died when an Indonesian army helicopter carrying construction workers to build a military outpost crashed in the jungles of Borneo.
    (AFP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, World powers and Iran held a third day of crunch talks on Tehran's nuclear program. France's foreign minister said Iran's refusal to suspend work on a plutonium-producing reactor and downgrade its stockpile of higher-enriched uranium was standing in the way of an interim agreement to curb Tehran's nuclear program in return for easing of sanctions.
    (AFP, 11/9/13)(AP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, In Libya gunmen shot dead 2 policemen in Benghazi and state attorney Mohammed Khalifa al-Naas was killed when a bomb blew up his car in Darna, an Islamist militant stronghold.
    (AP, 11/9/13)
2013        Nov 9, The Maldives voted to elect a new leader for their budding democracy. Mohamed Nasheed, the country's first democratically elected leader who first came to power in 2008 after 30 years of one-man rule, won the first round of voting but failed to win a clear majority.
    (AP, 11/9/13)(Reuters, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 9, Niger’s PM Brigi Rafini said about one million of his people were facing severe food shortages due to poor harvests after a drought and flooding.
    (AFP, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 9, In central Nigeria gunmen attacked five farming villages in Benue State. Police the next day said Fulani cattle herdsmen killing six Tiv people and burned many houses. Local media said 36 people were killed in the mayhem. In the north shootouts killed 2 soldiers and 5 suspected Islamic extremist insurgents in Kano.
    (AFP, 11/10/13)(AP, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 9, In Russia Gabriela Isler (25) of Venezuela was crowned in the Miss Universe pageant at an exhibition hall on Moscow's outskirts.
    (AP, 11/10/13)
2013        Nov 9, A tropical cyclone hit Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region. As many as 300 people were feared dead. Hundreds remained unaccounted for as the government and declared a natural disaster emergency.
    (Reuters, 11/11/13)(AFP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 9, About 2,000 South African mineworkers staged an underground sit-in at Northam Platinum's Dechaba mine, saying they will not leave until a fired union leader is reinstated. The strikers were safely brought to the surface on Sunday night, Nov 10.
    (Reuters, 11/10/13)(AFP, 11/11/13)
2013        Nov 9, In Syria Islamist rebels retook most of a military base in the north from forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad after two days of fighting in which at least 60 people have been killed.
    (Reuters, 11/9/13)

2014        Nov 9, NYC’s biggest subway hub opened in lower Manhattan. The $1.4 billion Fulton Center, a vital link to the new World Trade Center, will accommodate up to 300,000 daily riders.
    (SFC, 11/10/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 9, A Lear 36 Executive Jet crashed on approach to the island of Grand Bahama killing all 9 people on board, including a prominent Christian minister and his wife.
    (AP, 11/10/14)
2014        Nov 9, In Brazil a driver in Sao Paulo lost control of his car and ran over 15 people standing on a sidewalk after leaving a church service. At least two people were critically hurt as the driver fled the scene. Substances that appeared to be cocaine and marijuana were found in the abandoned car.
    (AP, 11/10/14)
2014        Nov 9, Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin promised ever-closer cooperation as they met for the 10th time in less than two years. They signed agreements to boost energy cooperation, including an understanding to develop a second major route to supply the Chinese side with Russian gas following an initial $400 billion deal in May.
    (AP, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 9, Colombia's FARC rebels captured soldiers Paulo Cesar Rivera and Jonathan Andres Diaz, in the eastern department of Arauca during a military operation.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 9, India’s PM Narendra Modi appointed 21 new ministers to his 66-member cabinet. Jarring with his pledge to clean up politics seven of the new ministers faced prosecution.
    (Reuters, 11/11/14)
2014        Nov 9, Iraqi military forces reached the center of the northern city of Baiji to try to break an Islamic State siege of the country's biggest refinery nearby, triggering fierce clashes with the militants.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 9, In Spain some 1.9 million Catalans, out of 6.3m eligible, voted in a symbolic referendum on independence. About 80 percent backed secession, with a turnout of about 37 percent.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)(Reuters, 11/10/14)(Econ, 11/15/14, p.53)
2014        Nov 9, In Syria 5 nuclear scientists were killed in a machine gun ambush outside Damascus. One of the men was an Iranian nuclear technician. Syrian rebels working for Israel were blamed.
    (SFC, 11/11/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 9, In Syria at least 21 people were killed and around 100 wounded overnight when regime army planes bombed al-Bab, a town controlled by Islamic State militants northeast of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 9, Monitors said that that officials in a predominantly Kurdish province of northeastern Syria have issued a women's rights decree, in an apparent rebuke to the hardline views of Islamic State insurgents who have advanced in the region.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 9, East Ukraine's rebel stronghold Donetsk was pummeled by the heaviest shelling in a month, and the OSCE said it spotted an armored column of troops without insignia in rebel territory that Kiev said proved Moscow had sent reinforcements. 3 Ukrainian soldiers were reported killed in the past 24 hours and a further 13 injured.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 9, Yemen's new cabinet was sworn in despite calls by former autocratic president Ali Abdullah Saleh and Shiite militias allied to him for it to be boycotted.
    (AFP, 11/9/14)

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