Today in History - November 12

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954        Nov 12, Lotharius became king of France.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1035        Nov 12, King Canute (b.994) died at age 39. He was king of Denmark, England and Norway (1014-1035).
    (HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)

1276        Nov 12, Suspicious of the intentions of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the Prince of Wales, English King Edward I resolved to invade Wales. Edward decided to force Llywelyn ap Gruffydd into submission. Edward was aided by Llywelyn‘s brother Daffydd ap Gruffydd and Prince Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn of Powys—both of whom Llywelyn had expelled for plotting his assassination.
    (HNQ, 7/14/00)(HN, 11/12/00)

1493        Nov 12, Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Redonda during his second expedition. It was about 34 miles WSW of Antigua.
    (www.redonda.org/redonda.html#1869)

1499        Nov 12, Perkin Warbeck, Flemish sailor, was hanged for conspiring to escape from the tower of London with the imprisoned earl of Warwick. [see Nov 23]
    (PCh, 1992, p.162)

1595        Nov 12, John Hawkins (63), English navigator and treasurer of the Navy, died.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1602        Nov 12, The Vizcaino expedition held Mass on the feast day of San Diego de Alcala. He named the California landing port after the saint.
    (SFC, 11/13/02, p.A8)

1715        Nov 12, Forces of King George I fought a rebel army at Preston, Lancashire. The rebels were defeated as government reinforcements arrived the next day. 1468 rebels, including over 1000 Scots, were taken prisoner.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.9)(www.information-britain.co.uk/famdates.php?id=323)

1755        Nov 12, Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prussian military minister of War (1807-10), was born.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1756        Nov 12, Teedyuscung, a Lenape Indian, spoke with Gov. Denny at Easton, Pa., to discuss grievances.
    (ON, 1/03, p.6)

1775        Nov 12, General Washington forbade the enlistment of blacks.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1775        Nov 12, US Gen. Montgomery began his siege of St. John’s and brought about the surrender of 600 British troops.
    (ON, 3/00, p.6)

1779        Nov 12, A group of 20 slaves who had fought in the war submitted a petition to the New Hampshire General Assembly, while the war was still being fought. Lawmakers decided the time was not right. 6 of the slaves were later freed. In 2013 a state Senate committee recommended that the state posthumously emancipate 14 of the slaves who died in bondage. On June 7, 2013, they were granted posthumous emancipation when Gov. Maggie Hassan signed a largely symbolic bill that supporters hope will encourage future generations to pursue social justice.
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A5)(AP, 6/7/13)

1793        Nov 12, Jean-Sylvain Bailley (53), French astronomer and mayor of Paris, was guillotined.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1813        Nov 12, J. H. St. John de Crevecouer, French explorer and writer, died. He had spent more than half of his life in the New World and contributed two important concepts to the American consciousness. The first is the idea of the "American Adam," that there is something different, unique, special, or new about these people called "Americans." The second idea is that of the "melting pot," that people's "American-ness" transcends their ethnic, cultural, or religious backgrounds.
    (http://cs1.mcm.edu/~cetheridge/crevec.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/3cbq3j)

1815         Nov 12, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a social reformer and militant feminist, was born in Johnstown, New York, and graduated from the Troy Female Seminary in 1832. She worked closely with Susan B. Anthony and served as president of the National Woman Suffrage Association. She died on October 26, 1902. She said, “The male element is a destructive force” in an address to the Women’s Suffrage Convention in Washington, D.C. in 1868.
    (AP, 11/12/97)(HNQ, 5/17/98)

1817        Nov 12, Mirza Hoseyn 'Ali Nuri (Baha' Ullah), founder of the Baha'i faith, was born.
    (HN, 11/12/00)

1833        Nov 12, Aleksandr Porfirievich Borodin (d.1887), physician, chemist, composer (Prince Igor), was born in Russia.  His work included the "Sunless" and the opera “Prince Igor,’ which was left incomplete.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.T11)(WSJ, 2/6/00, p.A16)(MC, 11/12/01)(LGC, 1970, p.338)

1840        Nov 12, Auguste Rodin, French sculptor who created “The Kiss,” was born.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1859        Nov 12, The first flying-trapeze circus act was performed by Jules Leotard at the Circus Napoleon in Paris. He designed the garment that bears his name.
    (HN, 11/12/00)(MC, 11/12/01)

1863        Nov 12, Confederate General James Longstreet arrived at Loudon, Tennessee to assist the attack on Union General Ambrose Burnside’s troops at Knoxville.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1866        Nov 12, Sun Yat-Sen (d.1925), Chinese statesman and revolutionary leader, was born (trad) to a Christian peasant near Macao. He attended an Anglican grammar school in Hawaii, and went on to graduate from Hong Kong School of Medicine in 1892. While there he became involved in revolutionary activities and was forced to leave China in 1895. He organized a revolutionary secret society in 1905. In 1911 he returned to China after a successful revolution in the south and became provisional president of a republican government there before stepping aside for Yuan Shih-k'ai. Sun formed the nationalist Kuomintang party in 1912. "To understand is hard. Once one understands, action is easy."
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 6/22/97)(HNQ, 6/3/98)

1867        Nov 12, Mount Vesuvius erupted.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1889        Nov 12, DeWitt Wallace, founder of Reader’s Digest (1921), was born in St Paul, Minn.
    (HN, 11/12/00)(MC, 11/12/01)

1900            Nov 12, A World Fair, the Great Exposition in Paris, closed. 50 million visitors attended the fair, which included Art Nouveau architecture, furniture, jewelry, ceramics, posters, glass, textiles, and metalwork. Jewelry by René Lalique was also exhibited at the fair. [see Apr 14]
    (www.nga.gov/feature/nouveau/exhibit_fair.shtm)

1903        Nov 12, The Lebaudy brothers of France set an air-travel distance record of 34 miles in a dirigible.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1908        Nov 12, Harry Blackmun (d.1999), later Supreme Court Justice, was born in Nashville, Ill., and grew up in St. Paul, Minn.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A15)(AP, 11/12/08)

1910        Nov 12, In the 1st movie stunt a man jumped into the Hudson river from a burning balloon.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1911        Nov 12, Buck Clayton, jazz trumpeter, was born.
    (HN, 11/12/00)
1911        Nov 12, In Chicago two people froze to death. The temperature had dropped 61 degrees overnight.
    (SFEC, 10/19/97, Z1 p.2)

1912        Nov 12, Robert Scott's diary and dead body were found in Antarctica.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1912        Nov 12, Jose Canalejas Y Mendez (b.1854), premier of Spain, was assassinated by anarchist Manuel Pardinas.
    (www.historia-es.com/usa/c_07_b02.htm)

1917        Nov 12, Joseph Coors, CEO of Adolph Coors Co Brewery, was born.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1918        Nov 12, Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicated and Austria became a republic.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1920        Nov 12, Baseball got its first "czar" as Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected commissioner of the American and National Leagues. Landis became the first commissioner of baseball, a position he held until his death in 1944. Replacing the powerless three-man National Baseball Commission, Landis was given almost dictatorial powers and charged by the owners with cleaning up the game, which had been rocked by scandal when eight Chicago White Sox players were accused of throwing the 1919 World Series. The players' 1921 conspiracy trial ended with acquittal for lack of hard evidence, but Landis needed to reassure fans of baseball's integrity. The eight White Sox, including "Shoeless" Joe Jackson and Oscar "Happy" Felsh, were barred from baseball for life.
     (AP, 11/12/97)(HNPD, 11/12/98)

1921        Nov 12, Representatives of nine nations gathered for the start of the Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1922        Nov 12, Charlotte MacLeod, mystery writer, was born. (Rest You Merry, Maid of Honor).
    (HN, 11/12/00)

1923        Nov 12, Adolf Hitler was arrested for his Nov 8 attempted German coup.
    (HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)

1925        Nov 12, The first recording of Louis Armstrong's "Hot Fives" was made. [see Nov 11]
    (WSJ, 1/14/00, p.W2)

1927        Nov 12, New York’s Holland Tunnel officially opened. It connected NY to New Jersey. [see Nov 13]
    (HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)
1927        Nov 12, Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changed their blue jerseys for green.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1927        Nov 12, Canada was admitted to the League of Nations.
    (HN, 11/12/98)
1927        Nov 12, Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1928        Nov 12, The ocean liner Vestris sank off the Virginia Cape with 328 aboard, killing 111.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1929        Nov 12, Grace Kelly, American actress and Princess of Monaco, was born.
    (HFA, ‘96, p. 42)(HN, 11/12/98)
1929        Nov 12, In NYC the cap was put on the framework of George Ohrstrom’s building at 40 Wall Street, establishing its height at 925 feet.
    (ON, 12/08, p.11)

1931        Nov 12, Maple Leaf Gardens opened in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as the new home of the Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1931        Nov 12, The Sibelius-Ashton ballet "Lady of Shalott," premiered in London.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1933        Nov 12, In Germany 92% of votes went to National Socialists in the First Reichstag elections in the one-party state.
    (www.ghwk.de/engl/enchron.htm)
1933        Nov 12, In the Kashgar region Uyghur separatists declared the short-lived and self-proclaimed East Turkestan Republic (ETR), using the term "East Turkestan" to emphasize the state's break from China and new anti-China orientation. East Turkestan referred to the Tarim Basin in the southwestern part of Xinjiang province of the Qing Dynasty.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.39)(Econ, 8/18/12, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Turkestan)

1934        Nov 12, Charles Manson, [No Name Maddox], mass murderer, was born in Cincinnati, Oh.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1936        Nov 12, The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened. It cost $78 million and was the longest bridge ever attempted. 23 men died during its construction.
    (SFC, 11/11/96, p.A13)(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.5)
1936        Nov 12, In San Francisco Charlie Low opened Low’s Chinese Village at 702 Grant Ave. This was SF Chinatown’s first cocktail bar.
    (SFC, 1/10/15, p.C2)

1938        Nov 12, Hermann Goering announced he favored Madagascar as a Jewish homeland.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1938        Nov 12, Mexico agreed to compensate the U.S. for land seizures.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1939        Nov 12, Lucia Popp, soprano (Die Zauberflote), was born in Uhorsk Ves, Czechoslovakia.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1939        Nov 12, Jews in Lodz Poland were ordered to wear yellow star of David.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1940        Nov 12, Walt Disney released "Fantasia."
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1940        Nov 12, Blizzard struck the Midwest. 154 died including 69 on a boat on the Great Lakes.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1941        Nov 12, Madame Lillian Evanti and Mary Cardwell Dawson established the National Negro Opera Company.
    (HN, 11/12/98)
1941        Nov 12, Germany's drive to take Moscow halted.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1942        Nov 12, The World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. The Allies eventually won a major victory over the Japanese. The battle was described by Ira Wolfert in news reports and his 1943 book "Battle for the Solomons."
    (SFC, 11/28/97, p.B8)(AP, 11/12/07)

1944        Nov 12, U.S. fighters wiped out a Japanese convoy near Leyte, consisting of six destroyers, four transports, and 8,000 troops.
    (HN, 11/12/98)
1944        Nov 12, The RAF sank the German battleship Tirpitz at Troms Fjord, Norway. Great Britain so feared the Tripitz, that any hint of its use caused escort ships to flee their convoys.
    (HN, 11/12/98)(MC, 11/12/01)

1945        Nov 12, Tracy Kidder, writer, was born. (Among Schoolchildren, Old Friends).
    (HN, 11/12/00)
1945        Nov 12, Neil Percival Young, musician, singer and songwriter, was born in Toronto. His rock groups later included “Buffalo Springfield,” “Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young” and “Crazy Horse.” In 2002 Jimmy McDonough authored: “Shakey: Neil Young’s Biography.”
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M1)(MC, 11/12/01)
1945        Nov 12, Cordell Hull (d.1955) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in founding the United Nations. Hull served as secretary of state in the Franklin Roosevelt Administration (1933-1944) longer than any other individual. Hull, born in Tennessee in 1871, had been a U.S. senator prior to his appointment by Roosevelt.
    (HNQ, 7/6/98)(MC, 11/12/01)

1946        Nov 12, Walt Disney's "Song Of South" released.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1946        Nov 12, 1st "autobank" (banking by car) opened (Chicago).
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1947        Nov 12, Hans van Meegeren (1889-12947), Dutch painter and forger, was tried for forgery and convicted of “obtaining money by deception” and “appending false names and signatures with the intent to deceive.” He was given the minimum sentence of one year and then the court petitioned Queen Wilhelmina that he be pardoned, but he died 6 weeks later.
    (ON, 12/07, p.12)
1947            Nov 12, Baroness Emmuska Orczy (b.1865), Hungarian-born British author (“Scarlet Pimpernel” 1905), died in London, England.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/orczy.htm)

1948        Nov 12, Hideki Tojo, former Japanese premier and military dictator through World War II, and several other World War II Japanese leaders were sentenced to death by an international war crimes tribunal. In 1998 a film about Gen’. Tojo was produced titled: “Pride, the Fateful Moment.”
    (HFA, '96, p.20)(AHD, p.1351) (AP, 11/12/97) (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A15) (HN, 11/12/98)
1948        Nov 12, Umberto Giordano (81), composer (Andrea Chenier), died.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1951        Nov 12, "Paint Your Wagon" opened at Shubert Theater NYC for 289 performances.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1951        Nov 12, The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea was ordered to cease offensive operations and begin an active defense.
    (HN, 11/12/98)

1953        Nov 12, US district Judge Grim ruled the NFL can black out TV home games.
    (MC, 11/12/01)
1953        Nov 12, David Ben-Gurion, resigned as premier of Israel.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1954        Nov 12, Ellis Island closed after processing more than 20 million immigrants since opening in New York Harbor in 1892.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1956        Nov 12, Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, was 1st sighted.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1958        Nov 12, Warren Harding (d.2002 at 77), Wayne Merry and George Whitmore scaled the "nose" of El Capitan in California’s Yosemite Valley. They had spent 47 days of climbing over 16 months to reach the top of the 2,900 foot cliff. In 1970 Harding and Dean Caldwell spent 27 days climbing another route up El Capitan. Harding later authored "Downward Bound."
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A24)(SSFC, 11/9/08, p.B6)

1960        Nov 12, Discoverer XVII was launched into orbit from California’s Vandenberg AFB.  The Discoverer Program (1959-1962) was a ruse to conceal the Corona Program, a series of photoreconnaissance spy satellites. Corona was the first photoreconnaissance program, and a precursor of the military and civilian space imaging programs of today.
    (HN, 11/12/98)(http://spacecovers.com/pricelists/categories/category_satellites.htm)
1960        Nov 12, A coup against South Vietnam president Ngo Dinh Diem failed.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1961        Nov 12, Nadia Comaneci, [Gheorghe], Romanian gymnast (1st 10/Olymp-gold-1976), was born.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1965        Nov 12, Ferdinand Marcos was elected president of Philippines.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1968        Nov 12, Sammy Sosa, baseball outfielder (Chicago Cubs), was born in the Dominican Republic.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sammy_Sosa)
1968        Nov 12, The US Supreme Court in Epperson v. Arkansas voided an Arkansas law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epperson_v._Arkansas)

1969        Nov 12, Free-lance reporter Seymour Hersh first broke the story of the Mar 16, 1968, massacre at My Lai. The US Army admitted to the massacre of civilians at My Lai and announced an investigation of Lt William Calley. The number of civilians who were killed numbered at least 100. Lt. Calley was later found guilty of murder, and sentenced to life imprisonment at hard labor. Calley was the only person ever charged in connection with the events at My Lai. The nation was shocked and divided by the claims from Calley that he was following orders and that he was a scapegoat. President Richard Nixon in 1971 ordered him released from prison and placed under house arrest, and finally a federal judge threw out all charges against Calley and ordered him freed. Although the charges were later re-instated on appeal, he served no more jail time for the massacre at My Lai.
    (WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Lai_massacre)(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)

1970        Nov 12, A 240 KPH cyclone hit East Pakistan (Bangladesh) [see Nov 13].
    (SSFC, 9/5/04, p.9)(www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)
1970        Nov 12, Hafez al-Assad (1930-2000), Syrian defense minister, had his opponents arrested and took full control of Syria.
    (http://lexicorient.com/e.o/assad_hafiz.htm)

1971        Nov 12, Pres. Nixon announced that he would withdraw 45,000 more troops from Vietnam by Feb, 1972.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(HN, 11/12/98)

1972            Nov 12, Rudolf Friml (b.1859), Czech-US composer (“Indian Love Call,” “The Donkey Serenade”), died in Los Angeles, California.
    (www.musicals101.com/who3.htm)

1974        Nov 12, South Africa was suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies.
    (www.anc.org.za/un/un-chron.html)

1975        Nov 12, Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas retired because of failing health, ending a record 36-and-a-half-year term.
    (AP, 11/12/00)

1977        Nov 12, New Orleans elected its first black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial, the winner of a runoff.
    (AP, 11/12/07)

1979        Nov 12, President Carter announced an immediate halt to all imports of Iranian oil and freezes Iranian assets in US. Executive Order 12170 halted oil imports from Iran.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran_hostage_crisis)

1980        Nov 12, The US space probe Voyager 1 came within 77,000 miles of Saturn.
    (AP, 11/12/97)(http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/science/saturn.html)

1981        Nov 12, The Double Eagle V landed in California 84 hours and 31 minutes following its Nov 10 launch in Japan. It was the 1st balloon to cross the Pacific ocean. Rocky Aoki (1938-2008), founder of the Benihana steakhouse (1964), was part of the crew.
    (http://www.benihana.com/ballooning_history.asp)(SFC, 7/12/08, p.B5)

1982        Nov 12, Yuri V. Andropov was elected to succeed the late Leonid I. Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1984        Nov 12, Space shuttle astronauts Dale Gardner and Joe Allen snared a wandering satellite in history's first space salvage. The Palapa B-2 satellite was secured in Discovery's cargo bay for return to Earth.
    (AP, 11/12/04)

1985        Nov 12, Xavier Suarez was elected Miami's first Cuban-American mayor (1985-1993).
    (SFC, 12/13/97, p.A9)(AP, 11/12/03)
1985        Nov 12, The Unabomber mailed a pipe bomb to Prof. James V. McConnell of Ann Arbor, Mich. 3 days later research assistant Nick Suing opened the package and was injured by the exploding bomb.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(SFEC, 11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1987        Nov 12, The American Medical Association issued a policy statement saying it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.
    (AP, 11/12/97)
1987        Nov 12, Heavy snow closed schools from DC to Maine.
    (http://weather.intellicast.com/Almanac/Northeast/November/)

1988        Nov 12, The Palestine National Council, the legislative body of the PLO, opened a four-day meeting in Algiers, during which delegates proclaimed an independent Palestinian state.
    (AP, 11/12/98)

1989        Nov 12, The Broadway musical "Grand Hotel," written by George Forrest and Robert Wright, opened at the Martin Beck Theater for 1018 performances. William A. Drake's 1932 screenplay was based on his own play adaptation of Vicki Baum's novel Menschen im Hotel.
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.C2)(www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4254)
1989        Nov 12, Abortion rights advocates rallied in cities across the country, including Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 11/12/99)
1989        Nov 12, A triple conjunction of Neptune and Saturn took place.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple_conjunction)

1990        Nov 12, Actress Eve Arden died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 82.
    (AP, 11/12/00)
1990        Nov 12, Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1991        Nov 12, Robert Gates was sworn in as CIA director.
    (AP, 11/12/01)
1991        Nov 12, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev told a news conference he'd been warned by President George H.W. Bush and other U.S. officials that a revolt was brewing before hard-liners staged their coup, but that he had discounted their information.
    (AP, 11/12/01)
1991        Nov 12, Indonesian troops under Lt. Gen’l. Sintong Panjaitan killed numerous people in the Santa Cruz Cemetery of Dili, East Timor. The massacre of over 270 civilians, gathered at the funeral of a young man killed 2 weeks earlier, by Indonesian troops was witnessed by reporter Allan Nairn. Nairn was arrested, beaten and banned from the country.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.C2)(SFC, 3/17/98, p.B10)(SFC, 6/19/98, p.B7)

1992        Nov 12, In his first formal post-election news conference, President-elect Clinton presented a detailed blueprint for action once he took office, and promised his administration would have the strictest ethical guidelines in history.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1993        Nov 12, Singer Michael Jackson canceled a world tour, citing a dependence on painkillers.
    (AP, 11/12/98)
1993        Nov 12, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin of Chicago was accused by a former pre-seminary student of sexual abuse supposedly committed more than a decade earlier. (The accuser, Steven J. Cook, later withdrew his charge).
    (AP, 11/12/98)
1993        Nov 12, Former Nixon White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 67.
    (AP, 11/12/98)

1994        Nov 12, President Clinton arrived in the Philippines to open a campaign for free trade in Asia and to commemorate World War II Allied victories in the Pacific.
    (AP, 11/12/99)
1994        Nov 12, Wilma Rudolph, Olympic gold medalist in track and field, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 54.
    (AP, 11/12/99)

1995        Nov 12, CBS replaced a special whistle blowing interview with Jeffrey Wigand, a former tobacco company scientist, with a watered down version of the story. The 1999 film "The Insider" was a dramatization of the incident.
    (SFEC, 10/24/99, DB p.54)
1995        Nov 12, The space shuttle “Atlantis” blasted off on a mission to dock with the Russian space station “Mir.”
    (AP, 11/12/00)
1995        Nov 12, Israel’s ruling Labor Party unanimously approved Shimon Peres as its new leader, replacing slain Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
    (AP, 11/12/00)

1996        Nov 12, In Pontiac, Mich., Jonathan Schmitz, a guest on "The Jenny Jones Show," was convicted of second-degree murder for shooting Scott Amedure, a gay man who'd revealed a crush on Schmitz during a taping of the program. Schmitz was later sentenced to up to 50 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/12/97)
1996        Nov 12, Albert Dunlap (aka “Chain-Saw Al”) announced the cut of 6,000 employees (50%) from Sunbeam Corp. as part of a corporate restructure. Sunbeam later overstated earnings and nearly collapsed after a series of accounting scandals under Dunlap, who paid $15 million to settle a shareholder suit.
    (WSJ, 11/13/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)
1996        Nov 12, Near New Delhi, India, a Saudi Arabian Boeing 747 with 312 passengers crashed into a Kazak Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 with 39 people in midair. It marked the worst midair collision in aviation history and the 3rd deadliest air crash. Investigators later claimed the Ilyushin II-76 failed to maintain its assigned altitude. All 349 passengers and crew were killed.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/12/97)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1996        Nov 12, Canada agreed to lead a multinational force to aid the refugees in Zaire.
    (WSJ, 11/13/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 12, In Croatia a building in Mostar, renovated under contract with the European Union, was taken over and adopted as the High Court of the Croatian Republic of Herceg-Bosna. It was supposed to have been Mostar’s City Hall under joint administration by Croats and Muslims.
    (SFC, 12/4/96, p.C3)
1996        Nov 12, A Middle East economic summit began in Cairo, Egypt.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.C2)
1996        Nov 12, A 6.4 earthquake hit Peru centered in the Pacific Ocean about 83 miles west of Nazca, 235 miles southeast of Lima. About 17 people were killed and some 1500 injured in the 7.7 earthquake.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.A10)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A16)

1997        Nov 12, Jury selection began in Sacramento, Calif., in the trial of accused Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (WSJ, 11/12/97, p.A20) (AP, 11/12/98)
1997        Nov 12, In Denver policeman Bruce VanderJagt was killed in a shootout with a member of the Denver Skins. The suspect then killed himself with the officer’s gun.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 12, Ramzi Yousef was convicted in New York of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
    (AP, 11/12/98)
1997        Nov 12, From Brazil it was reported that the government has launched an austerity package that will raise prices and taxes and lead to the dismissal of some 33,000 government workers.
    (WSJ, 11/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 12, In Columbia it was reported that the high court had recently ruled that the Convivir associations, right wing vigilante groups promoting security, were legal. There were an estimated 5,500 employees and 300,000 volunteers nationwide.
    (SFC, 11/12/97, p.A9)
1997        Nov 12, Four U.S. businessmen and a Pakistani were killed by gunmen in Karachi, Pakistan, apparently in retaliation for the murder conviction of Mir Aimal Kasi in the shooting deaths of two CIA employees. [see Nov 11]
    (AP, 11/12/98)
1997        Nov 12, In Russia lawmakers in the Saratov region passed the first land-sale law.
    (WSJ, 11/13/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 12, The UN resolution 1137 imposed mild new sanctions on Iraq. A travel ban on Iraqi officials who interfere with weapons inspections was set by a unanimous Security Council vote.
    (WSJ, 11/13/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

1998        Nov 12, The 23rd American Indian Film Festival opened in SF.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.E1)
1998        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton signed a UN accord on global warming. It still needed to be ratified by Congress.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 12, Lewis Merletti, head of the Secret Service, quit his position to coordinate security for the Cleveland Browns football team.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 12, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley filed a $433 million lawsuit against the firearms industry, declaring that it had created a public nuisance by flooding the streets with weapons deliberately marketed to criminals. A judge dismissed the lawsuit in 2000; an appeals court ruled in 2002 that the city of Chicago could proceed; but the Illinois Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit in 2004.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A4)(AP, 11/12/08)
1998        Nov 12, Eight Arab states declared that Iraq would be held responsible for any consequences from its stopping the work of UN arms inspectors.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 12, In China a Hong Kong mob boss was sentenced to death for kidnapping and arms smuggling. Cheung Tze-keung, aka the “big Spender,” led a gang that was convicted of smuggling guns, 7 armed robberies of Hong Kong gold stores and the theft of 277 tons of steel in Shenzhen. 4 accomplices were also sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.D4)
1998        Nov 12, Israel gave the go-ahead to a housing project on a Jerusalem hilltop called Har Homa. The area is known as Jabal Abu Ghneim to the Palestinians and was an area under dispute.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 12, In Indonesia troops opened fire with rubber bullets on student demonstrators. One police officer was killed and over 120 people were injured.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 12, In Italy Abdullah Ocalan, head of the Kurd PKK, was arrested in Rome.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A11)

1999        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton signed a measure knocking down Depression-era barriers and allowing banks, investment firms and insurance companies to sell each other’s products. Clinton signed into law the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which repealed the Glass-Steagall Act and strengthened the separation of commerce and financial services.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.D1)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.65)
1999        Nov 12, In Chechnya Russian forces took control of Gudermes and proposed to move the capital there from Grozny.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 12, In Pakistan several explosions near American structures struck in downtown Islamabad and injured 6 people. It was speculated that Taliban supporters were linked to the blasts.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)(SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 12, In Serbia a World Food Program flight from Rome crashed in northern Kosovo and all 24 aboard were killed. The plane was a propeller-driven ATR-42.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 12, In Turkey a 7.2 [7.1] earthquake was centered at Duzce. At least 834 people were killed and 3000 injured. Damage from the last 2 quakes was later estimated at $10-25 billion.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/15/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/28/00, p.D6)(AP, 11/12/00)

2000        Nov 12, On the eve of a federal court hearing on the Florida presidential election, advocates for George W. Bush and Al Gore previewed their legal strategies, with Democrats justifying painstaking recounts and Republicans saying the practice could result in political “mischief” and human error.
    (AP, 11/12/01)
2000        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton met with Ehud Barak in an effort to end Arab-Israeli fighting. Meanwhile one Palestinian youth was killed in Gaza.
    (SFC, 11/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 12, In Florida Palm Beach election officials decided to recount all county votes, some 425,000, by hand.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.1)
2000        Nov 12, Leah Rabin, an outspoken campaigner for Mideast peace following the 1995 assassination of her husband, former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, died at age 72.
    (AP, 11/12/01)
2000        Nov 12, Uganda confirmed a new case of Ebola in Masindi, the 3rd district to confirm the deadly virus.
    (SFC, 11/13/00, p.A14)

2001        Nov 12, American Airlines Flight 587, bound for the Dominican Republic, crashed in Belle Harbor in the Far Rockaway district of Queens just after takeoff from JFK Airport. All 260 crew and passengers were killed as well as 5 people on the ground. The A300-600 plane appeared to have fallen apart. The vertical tail section cracked off when composite fittings failed possibly due to turbulence from a preceding 747. In 2004 a safety board said the pilot’s “unnecessary and excessive“use of the rudder contributed to the crash.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/15/01, p.A19)(SFC, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 11/12/05)
2001        Nov 12, Carrie Donovan (73), the flamboyant fashion editor with the outsized glasses who had a second career touting T-shirts and cargo pants in Old Navy commercials, died in New York.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2001        Nov 12, In Afghanistan Taliban forces abandoned Kabul and Northern Alliance forces moved in to the capital. The Taliban took with them 8 foreign aid workers. There were reports of looting and summary executions. 3 European journalists died in the fighting.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A1,2,15)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 12, Israeli tanks and troops raided the West Bank village of Tel and killed Muhammed Reihan (25), a Hamas member. 45 residents were detained.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 12, In Macedonia 3 policemen were killed in fighting following the seizure of hostages by ethnic Albanians near Tetovo in response to a police raid.
    (WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 12, Typhoon Lingling hit Vietnam and 18 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 12, In Zimbabwe the government banned 1000 farmers from cultivating their fields and gave them 3 months to vacate their homes as part of a “fast track” land redistribution plan.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)

2002        Nov 12, Former FBI Director William Webster resigned under pressure as head of a special accounting oversight board created by Congress to rebuild public confidence shaken by a cascade of business scandals.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2002        Nov 12, An Arab TV station broadcast an audiotape of Osama bin Laden, a voice that US counter terrorism officials said is probably authentic. The message praised terrorist strikes in Bali and Moscow and threatened Western nations over any attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 11/13/02)(AP, 11/12/07)
2002        Nov 12, China's Communist Party congress held a preliminary vote for a new crop of leaders expected to replace President Jiang Zemin and other party chieftains this week.
    (Reuters, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 12, In Egypt a court sentenced Mohammed el-Wakil, the news director of a state-owned television station, to 18 years of hard labor in prison on bribery and drug charges.
    (AP, 11/13/02)
2002        Nov 12, An explosion at a private ammunition warehouse in an eastern German town killed at least three people.
    (AP, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 12, Thousands of Iranian students ignored official warnings and demonstrated for the fourth day running against a dissident's death sentence and to demand freedom of speech and political reform.
    (Reuters, 11/12/02)
2002        Nov 12, The Nigerian navy raided a village in the swamps of the Niger Delta killing five people after attackers from the village robbed a ChevronTexaco oil boat.
    (AP, 11/14/02)
2002        Nov 12, Clashes between Venezuelan troops and supporters of President Hugo Chavez killed one person, wounded 20 and prompted an appeal for peace from the head of the Organization of American States.
    (AP, 11/13/02)

2003        Nov 12, President Bush and his top foreign advisers reviewed new strategies to speed the transfer of political power in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2003        Nov 12, US Senators began a 40-hour marathon session over the Democrat's refusal to confirm several of Pres. Bush's judicial nominees.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 12, Research showed that Pfizer's drug Lipitor lowered LDL cholesterol levels.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 12, Actor Jonathan Brandis (27) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2003        Nov 12, Penny Singleton (b.1908), film actress born as Dorothy McNulty, died. She played in 28 movies and was the voice of Blondie on radio (1939-1950). She was also the voice of Jane Jetson in the futuristic TV cartoon.
    (SFC, 11/15/03, p.A23)
2003        Nov 12, In Argentina thunderstorms swept across the country, causing widespread damage and at least 12 deaths from accidents, falling trees and electrocutions.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2003        Nov 12, In Colombia Gen. Jorge Enrique Mora, commander of the armed forces, became the latest senior official to quit his post. President Alvaro Uribe chose an old friend, Jorge Alberto Uribe, as the new defense minister.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 12, A convoy carrying radioactive waste from a French reprocessing plant reached a storage site in northern Germany.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 12, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber attacked the headquarters of Italy's paramilitary police in Nasiriyah, killing 31 people, including 18 Italians, and possibly trapping others.
    (AP, 11/12/03)(AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Nov 12, Imelda Ortiz Abdala, a former Mexican consul to Lebanon, was arrested on charges of helping a smuggling ring move Arab migrants into the United States from Mexico. Federal agents over the previous 2 days arrested alleged ring leader Salim Boughader Mucharrafille along with alleged collaborators Melissa Ataja Valdez and Orlando Alfaro, in Tijuana. Ortiz Abdala was released in Feb 2005 after Foreign Relations Department officials testified that she acted properly and was never in a position to authorize visas on her own, according to Mexican court documents.
    (AP, 11/13/03)(AP, 7/15/05)
2003        Nov 12, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat swore in a new Palestinian Cabinet.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2004        Nov 12, Pres. Bush met with British PM Tony Blair and pledged to revive the deadlocked peace process in the Middle East.
    (SFC, 11/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 12, John McLaughlin, deputy director of the CIA, resigned after a series of confrontations over the past week between senior operations officials and Patrick Murray, the CIA Director Porter J. Goss's new chief of staff. The riff left the agency in turmoil.
    (SFC, 11/13/04, p.A6)
2004        Nov 12, US Sec of State Colin Powell (67) submitted a Friday letter of resignation, but it was not made public until after the weekend.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 12, A jury in Redwood City, Ca., convicted Scott Peterson (32) of 1st degree murder of his pregnant wife and dumping her body in San Francisco Bay in Dec 2002 in what prosecutors portrayed as a cold-blooded attempt to escape marriage and fatherhood for the bachelor life. He was also convicted of 2nd degree murder for the unborn child.
    (AP, 11/12/04)(SFC, 11/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 12, Former President Gerald R. Ford attended groundbreaking ceremonies at the Univ. of Michigan for the new home of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)
2004        Nov 12, It was reported that Japan and China owned about a quarter of outstanding US Treasury debt. They held $723 and $172 billion respectively.
    (WSJ, 11/12/04, p.C4)
2004        Nov 12, Scientists said that a new Glaxo vaccine could prevent most cases of cervical cancer.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, In southern Colombia suspected Marxist rebels gunned down Mario Canal (43), a state attorney, who had been prosecuting captured guerrilla commanders.
    (AP, 11/13/04)
2004        Nov 12, Dutch police raided a suspected Kurdish separatist training camp in a small village in the southern Netherlands, arresting 29 people. 38 members of the group were arrested nationwide. Jason Walters threw a hand grenade and injured several police officers in a standoff at a barricaded house in The Hague. Walters was one of 7 men later convicted for belonging to a terrorist group associated with Mohammed Bouyeri, who killed filmmaker Theo van Gogh on Nov 2. In 2008 Their conviction was overturned, but a 15-year sentence against Walters was upheld. The court also reduced the sentence for Ismail Aknikh, who was with Walters during the standoff, from 13 years to 15 months.
    (AFP, 11/12/04)(SFC, 11/13/04, p.A18)(AP, 1/23/08)
2004        Nov 12, In El Salvador US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld awarded bronze stars to six soldiers who fought in Iraq, and he praised the tiny nation for being the only Latin American country to have kept its troops there.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, It was reported that the French government plans to merge Airbus parent EADS with Thales, the country's largest defense company, to create a new European giant to rival Boeing Co.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, A strong earthquake rocked parts of eastern Indonesia injuring 40 and damaging hundreds of buildings. Six people on the island of Alor were killed.
    (WSJ, 11/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 12, In Iraq a gunbattle broke out in Mosul between gunmen and guards at the main headquarters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. Guards killed six attackers and captured four others before the rest fled.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, Mexico and a US environmental group agreed on a plan to protect 370,000 acres of tropical forest on the Yucatan Peninsula. Officials said it was the largest conservation project in the country's history.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, Pres. Enrique Bolanos told US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld that Nicaragua would completely eliminate a stockpile of hundreds of surface-to-air missiles with no expectation of compensation from the US.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo attempted to calm labor discontent ahead of a planned general strike, saying he would order the reduction of kerosene prices.
    (AP, 11/12/04)
2004        Nov 12, Kings, princes and presidents from across the world paid a last tribute to Yasser Arafat at a military funeral in Cairo. Arafat was interned in Ramallah before a sea of mourners.
    (AP, 11/12/04)(SFC, 11/13/04, p.A17)
2004        Nov 12, In the northern Philippines a passenger train derailed and tumbled down a ravine killing at least 10 people and injuring nearly 120 others.
    (AP, 11/12/04)

2005        Nov 12, Tornadoes hit central Iowa and left one person dead.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A13)
2005        Nov 12, The results of Afghanistan's landmark legislative elections in September were finalized after eight weeks of counting slowed by allegations of fraud, and observers said supporters of President Hamid Karzai appeared to be in the majority.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, Africa Union leaders from Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa and Senegal met in Abuja for a 2-day summit titled: "Africa and the challenges of the global order: Desirability of union government," with the leaders discussing the broad principles of integration.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Bahrain a US-backed Mideast democracy and development summit, the Forum for the Future, ended in rancor despite adoption of two initiatives that are part of President Bush's push to expand political freedom in a region dominated by monarchies and effective single-party rule. The organization was established in 2004 by the G8, several Western European countries and 22 Middle Eastern and North African nations to foster reform in the region.
    (AP, 11/12/05)(SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami. SAARC agreed to accept Afghanistan as its 8th member.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.44)
2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nepal’s King Gyanendra, who sacked his elected government earlier this year, repeated a pledge to hold parliamentary elections in 2007 and urged his country's Maoist rebels to put down their arms.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Egypt hundreds of Sudanese refugees staging a sit-in outside UN offices in Cairo began a hunger strike to press their case for asylum.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, Ethiopia said it has released another 1,721 people detained in a massive round-up during clashes between police and protesters earlier this month which left at least 42 people dead.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 12, Some 3,000 police fanned out around Paris to prevent any attempts to attack high-profile targets such as the Eiffel Tower after a 16th straight night of unrest and arson.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan met with Iraqi leaders to call for reconciliation ahead of upcoming elections.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, At least four people were killed and 24 wounded when a car bomb exploded near a busy vegetable market in southeastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Iraq 2 U.S. Marines were killed in combat and an American soldier died in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 12, Japan’s Hayabusa probe successfully released its Minerva surface-exploring robot, but Minerva appeared to start drifting away from the asteroid's surface. The space agency said it is targeting actual landings on the potato-shaped asteroid Itokawa on Nov. 19 and Nov. 25. The asteroid was named after Hideo Itokawa, founder of Japan’s space program. Hayabusa was the 1st spacecraft to use an ion engine as its main propulsion device.
    (AP, 11/13/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.94)
2005        Nov 12, Jordan's deputy premier said 3 "non-Jordanian" suicide bombers belonging to al-Qaida in Iraq carried out Amman's triple hotel attacks that killed at least 57 people.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Kazakhstan Zamanbek Nurkadilov (61), an outspoken critic of President Nursultan Nazarbayev was found shot to death in his home.
    (AP, 11/13/05)
2005        Nov 12, North Korea stood by its demand for aid in exchange for shutting down a plutonium-producing nuclear reactor, saying it won't act until Washington offers concessions.
    (AP, 11/12/05)
2005        Nov 12, In Yemen masked attackers stabbed and wounded outspoken journalist Nabil Sabaie (27) on one of the capital's main streets. Newspapers in recent months have stepped up reports on Yemen's rampant corruption, identifying ministers and other officials allegedly involved in stealing state money. They also have increasingly scrutinized Pres. Saleh, his family and the country's powerful military.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2006        Nov 12, Gerald R. Ford surpassed Ronald Reagan as the longest-lived US president at 93 years and 121 days.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2006        Nov 12, In Hawaii retired Los Angeles police detective Dan DeJarnette (59) said he found his wife (56) lying on a lava embankment near their house. In 2013 he pleaded guilty to her murder on Big Island.
    (SFC, 3/26/13, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/c3vz895)
2006        Nov 12, In eastern Afghanistan Paktika governor Muhammad Akram Khoplwak said more than 60 Taliban fighters were killed in 6 days of fighting. Chechen and Arab fighters were among the dead.
    (AFP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, The Australian government denied that a new security pact with Indonesia means that it would be party to the suppression of Indonesian separatists. The new agreement was to be signed Nov 13 on the Indonesian resort island of Lombok.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, In Bangladesh a 14 party alliance led by the Awami League began a 4-day strike that paralyzed the country. Thousands of protesters demanding electoral reforms targeted major transport links, attacking trains and other vehicles and leaving at least one person dead.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(SFC, 11/16/06, p.A3)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.45)
2006        Nov 12, In central Chile a bus carrying members of a military band skidded off a precipice in the rain and fell into the Tucapel River, killing 19 people and injuring nine.
    (AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 12, In southwest China 8 miners had died in a coal mine flood in Guizhou province. In northern China 34 miners were killed by an explosion in a coal mine in Shanxi province.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 12, Voters in the breakaway Georgian province of South Ossetia declared overwhelming backing for its independence drive in a referendum that underlined a sharp split between Russia and the West and is likely to increase tensions in the Caucasus region. A similar 1992 referendum proclaiming the province's independence went unnoticed by the international community, leaving it in limbo.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 12, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki rebuked lawmakers for putting party and sectarian loyalty ahead of Iraq's stability, and said he was planning a sweeping Cabinet reshuffle on a day when at least 150 Iraqis died. A pair of suicide bombs ripped through a crowd of would-be police recruits in Baghdad, killing at least 35. 50 bodies found behind a regional electrical company in Baqouba, and 25 others found scattered throughout Baghdad. 5 people were killed in drive-by shootings in Baqouba. In Baghdad police Brig. Abdul-Mutalib Hassan was shot to death as he left home. Hassan was head of a unit in charge of registering vehicles that is widely seen as corrupt. Sunni gunmen near Latifiyah murdered 10 Shiite passengers before taking about 50 captives. 4 British soldiers were killed and three seriously wounded in an attack on a patrol boat in Basra.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(WSJ, 11/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 12, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert began a five-day trip to the United States. Israeli forces killed a Palestinian teenager in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Palestinian foreign minister Mahmud Zahar told fellow ministers at an Arab League emergency meeting in Cairo that the costs of rebuilding the north Gaza town of Beit Hanun after deadly Israeli shelling amounts to 50 million dollars. Arab countries decided to lift the financial blockade on Palestinians in response to a US veto on a UN Security Council draft resolution condemning Israel's military offensive in the Gaza Strip. The Hamas-led Palestinian government agreed to an international peace conference with Israel.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(AP, 11/13/06)
2006        Nov 12, Heavy fighting erupted in central Somalia, a day after the transitional government rejected a peace initiative with the country's Islamic movement.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, In Singapore student Ang Chuang Yang (16) broke the Guinness World Record for the shortest time needed to type a 160-character SMS (short message service) message after whizzing through the task in less than 42 seconds in a competition.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Spanish farmers led a flock of hundreds of bleating sheep through downtown Madrid in a protest urging the protection of ancient grazing routes threatened by urban sprawl.
    (AP, 11/12/06)
2006        Nov 12, Jan Egeland, the UN's top humanitarian official, helicoptered to a jungle clearing to meet with Joseph Kony, a Ugandan rebel leader accused of war crimes, but he failed to secure freedom for women and children held captive by the insurgent group. Kony denied that his forces are holding prisoners.
    (AP, 11/12/06)

2007        Nov 12, The Dow Jones industrial average closed below 13,000 for first time since August 2007.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2007        Nov 12, Ryan Braun won the NL Rookie of the Year award in one of the closest votes, while Dustin Pedroia ran away with the AL honor.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2007        Nov 12, It was reported that a donor had given a staggering $100 million to the Erie Community Foundation in Pennsylvania, and all of the charities would receive a share.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, Constellation Brands said it will pay $885 million for the US wine business of Fortune Brands, which includes the Geyser Peak, Wild Horse, Buena Vista Carneros and Gary Farrell labels. The deal also included 1,500 acres of vineyards in Sonoma and Napa counties.
    (SFC, 11/13/07, p.B1)
2007        Nov 12, IBM said it would buy Canada's Cognos Inc for $5 billion, snapping up the last of the major makers of business intelligence software.
    (Reuters, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, Nymex Holdings Inc., the parent company of the New York Mercantile Exchange, said it will buy a 15.1 percent stake in the Norwegian financial derivatives exchange Imarex ASA for about $52 million.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, A new study said US researchers have developed a method of producing hydrogen gas from biodegradable organic material, potentially providing an abundant source of this clean-burning fuel. The method used by engineers at Pennsylvania State University combines electron-generating bacteria and a small electrical charge in a microbial fuel cell to produce hydrogen gas.
    (AFP, 11/13/07)
2007        Nov 12, Ira Levin (78), author, died in Manhattan. His work included the best-selling horror and suspense novels "Rosemary's Baby" (1967), "The Stepford Wives" (1972), and "The Boys from Brazil" (1976), all later made into popular films. Levin also wrote for the stage, including "No Time for Sergeants," starring a young Andy Griffith, and the long-running "Deathtrap." Both were later adapted to the screen.
    (Reuters, 11/14/07)
2007        Nov 12, Lester Ziffren, former news reporter and screenwriter, died in Manhattan. In 1936 Ziffren was the first to report the start of the Spanish Civil War.
    (WSJ, 11/24/07, p.A8)
2007        Nov 12, Voters cast the first ballots in Australia's elections as a new opinion poll showed conservative PM John Howard heading for a landslide defeat.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, In Cambodia Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith, the ex-foreign minister of the Khmer Rouge regime and his wife, were arrested on charges of crimes against humanity. Ieng Sary was sentenced to death in absentia in August 1979, eight months after a Vietnam-led resistance movement overthrew the Khmer Rouge regime. In 1996 the king rewarded Ieng Sary with an amnesty for breaking away from his comrades-in-arms.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, An unknown armed group killed 19 Cameroonian soldiers in Bakassi, a border region handed back to Cameroon by Nigeria last year.
    (Reuters, 11/13/07)
2007        Nov 12, China released data that said its trade surplus had jumped to a new all-time monthly high in October, despite government pledges to restrain export growth and adding to pressure for action on trade barriers and currency.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights and New York’s Human Rights Watch released a report saying the Egyptian government refuses to recognize minority religions and Christian converts in official state records.
    (SFC, 11/16/07, p.A25)(www.eipr.org/en/)
2007        Nov 12, IUCN, a Geneva-based conservation group, said the world's smallest bear species faces extinction because of deforestation and poaching in its Southeast Asian home. The sun bear, whose habitat stretches from India to Indonesia, has been classified as vulnerable by the World Conservation Union.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, In Baghdad an Iraqi taxi driver was shot dead by a private security guard protecting a convoy driving through the city. Tal Afar Mayor Gen. Najim Abdullah said Iraqi soldiers killed four men in clashes that lasted throughout the night after a tribal chieftain was killed in front of his village's mosque. The US military said Rocket and mortar attacks in Iraq have decreased to their lowest levels in more than 21 months.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, A Nigerian official said security agents have arrested several men who allegedly had materials for making explosives. Evidence has linked them to the al-Qaida terror network.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, Hamas security forces opened fire at a rally by the rival Fatah movement commemorating Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. 7 people were killed and 85 wounded in the bloodiest day of intra-Palestinian fighting since Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in June.
    (AP, 11/12/07)(AP, 11/13/07)
2007        Nov 12, Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was placed under house arrest for the second time in four days ahead of a planned march to protest emergency rule.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2007        Nov 12, Alexander Tkachyov, governor of Russia’s Krasnodar region, said more than 30,000 birds and countless fish have been killed in an "ecological catastrophe" wrought by thousands of tons of oil from a tanker that broke apart in a heavy storm near the Black Sea. 3 bodies washed ashore and 20 sailors remained missing after the sinking of at least 11 ships.
    (AP, 11/12/07)(SFC, 11/13/07, p.A10)
2007        Nov 12, Airbus said it was building a custom, 380 VIP double-decker jet for Saudi Prince Alwaleed bin Talal with a price tag of over $320 million.
    (AP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, In South Korea the Catholic Priests' Association for Justice (CPAJ) disclosed the names of 3 former and incumbent prosecutors, who have received money regularly from Samsung Group. CPAJ urged the prosecution to investigate the conglomerate's alleged bribery, slush fund creation, and other irregularities.
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.58)
2007        Nov 12, A Darfur rebel group freed five workers, including two foreigners, taken hostage in a rare attack on a Sudanese oil installation almost three weeks ago.
    (AFP, 11/12/07)
2007        Nov 12, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said deploying a UN peacekeeping operation to Somalia is not realistic or viable given the war-wracked African country’s security situation, the intensifying insurgency and the lack of progress towards any political reconciliation.
    (www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=24625&Cr=somalia&Cr1)

2008        Nov 12, The Department of the Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board announced the release of a joint final rule to implement the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006. The act made it illegal for financial institutions to transfer funds between punters and online gambling sites. Compliance was required by Dec 1, 2009.
    (www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/press/bcreg/20081112b.htm)(WSJ, 11/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 12, The Supreme Court lifted restrictions on the Navy's use of sonar in training exercises off the California coast, a defeat for environmental groups who say the sonar can harm whales.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, US prosecutors charged Raoul Weil, a senior executive of Swiss bank UBS AG, of helping some 20,000 rich clients evade federal income taxes on assets of some $20 billion from 2002-2007. In 2014 a federal court in Florida acquitted Mr. Weil.
    (WSJ, 11/13/08, p.A1)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.76)
2008        Nov 12, A judge cleared the way for gay marriage to begin in Connecticut, a victory for advocates stung by California's referendum that banned same-sex unions in that state.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, LCD makers LG Display of South Korea, Sharp of Japan, and Chunghwa Picture tubes of Taiwan pleaded guilty to US charges of price fixing and will pay fines totaling $585 million.
    (WSJ, 11/13/08, p.B3)
2008        Nov 12, In Fort Lauderdale, Florida, sophomore Teah Wimberly (15) shot Amanda Collette at Dillard High School, then walked to a seafood restaurant to call authorities and turn herself in.
    (AP, 11/13/08)
2008        Nov 12, Mitch Mitchell (61), English drummer for the legendary Jimi Hendrix Experience of the 1960s and the group's last surviving member, was found dead in his hotel room in Portland, Oregon, the last stop on the West Coast part of a tour.
    (AP, 11/13/08)(SFC, 11/13/08, p.B4)
2008        Nov 12, Walter Gabrielson (1935), California artist, died, His 1993 self-published autobiography was titled “Persistence.”
    (SSFC, 11/16/08, p.B6)
2008        Nov 12, In Afghanistan a bomb-filled tanker exploded outside the office of the provincial council in Kandahar, killing six people and wounding 42. Two British troops were killed in an explosion in southern Helmand province. Men squirted the acid from water bottles onto three groups of students and teachers walking to school in Kandahar. Some of the girls received burns only on their school uniforms but others will have scars on their faces. On Nov 25 officials announced the arrest of 10 Taliban militants involved in the acid attack.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(AP, 11/13/08)(AP, 11/14/08)(AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 12, Algeria's parliament overwhelmingly approved constitutional amendments that abolish presidential term limits, paving the way for President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to seek a third term in spring elections.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, Angola announced it is mobilizing troops to send to neighboring Congo, heightening fears that the fighting in this central African nation will engulf other countries in the region. North of Kibati the bodies of two dead government soldiers lay in the center of the road beside a rebel checkpoint.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, A Sidney court sentenced an Australian woman to 22 months periodic detention for assisting in the suicide of her longtime partner, an Alzheimer's sufferer who had been rejected for a legal euthanasia in Switzerland.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, The Canadian government announced a series of steps to improve the availability of long-term credit including the purchase of C$50 billion ($40 billion) more in insured mortgages from banks.
    (Reuters, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, China launched a 50-day campaign against unlicensed taxis in Beijing.
    (WSJ, 11/14/08, p.A10)
2008        Nov 12, In Colombia the investment company Proyecciones DRFE (Dinero Rapido Facil Efectivo - Easy Money, Fast Cash) collapsed in Narino state leaving investors in the pyramid scheme with losses estimated at some $270 million. Investors took to the streets on rumors that owner Carlos Alfredo Suarez had fled the country. At least 2 people died in ensuing riots. A week later Panama extradited David Murcia Guzman, the president of DMG Group, suspected of running the country's biggest pyramid scheme. On Mar 13, 2009, the government announced it had recovered just $20.5 million, which would be distributed equally among some 214,000 investors, who would receive about $96 each. On Dec 16 Murcia was sentenced to 30 years and 8 months in prison for a money-laundering conviction and was fined $12.5 million. He is expected to be extradited to the US soon on money-laundering conspiracy charges.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7740032.stm)(SFC, 11/15/08, p.A9)(Econ, 11/22/08, p.49)(SFC, 3/14/09, p.A2)(SFC, 10/14/09, p.A2)(AP, 12/16/09)
2008        Nov 12, Germany's biggest industrial union secured a 4.2 percent pay rise over 18 months for the nation's manufacturing workers in a deal that averted an all-out strike.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, In Germany Dr. Gero Huetter said his 42-year-old patient, an American living in Berlin who was not identified, had been infected with the AIDS virus for more than a decade. But 20 months after undergoing a transplant of genetically selected bone marrow, he no longer shows signs of carrying the virus.
    (AP, 11/13/08)
2008        Nov 12, Hong Kong officials said they had found elevated levels of melamine in fish feed from China’s Fuzhou Haima Feed Co.
    (WSJ, 11/13/08, p.A13)
2008        Nov 12, Indonesian health officials said test results from two laboratories in the capital came back positive confirming that a girl (15) died of bird flu last week.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, Iran successfully test-fired the Sajjil, a new generation of long range surface-to-surface missile using solid fuel, making them more accurate than its predecessors. It had a range of about 1,200 miles (2,000 kilometers).
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, In Iraq a series of bombings shook Baghdad for the third straight day, killing at least 11 people and wounding about 60. In Mosul unidentified gunmen killed two sisters from a Christian family as they were waiting in front of their house for a ride to work. Barzan Mohammed Abdullah, an Iraqi soldier, opened fire on US troops after a quarrel broke out in Mosul, killing two American soldiers and wounding six in a military compound before he was shot to death.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(SFC, 11/13/08, p.A3)
2008        Nov 12, Israeli troops and Palestinian militants fought with missiles and mortars along the Gaza-Israel border, raising new concerns that an increasingly shaky five-month-old truce might collapse. Four Hamas militants were killed in the exchange, and the Hamas military wing said it would retaliate.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, The United States says it has shipped 50,000 metric tons of heavy fuel oil to North Korea as part of a nuclear disarmament deal. The fuel is scheduled to arrive in the North in late November and early December. North Korea said that it won't allow outside inspectors to take samples from its main nuclear complex to verify the communist regime's accounting of past nuclear activities.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, North Korea's powerful military announced it will shut the country's border with the South on Dec. 1, a marked escalation of threats against Seoul's new conservative government at a time of heightened tension on the peninsula.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, In Pakistan Stephen Vance, a US development worker, and his driver were shot dead in Peshawar. 3 security forces died when a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden vehicle at the gate of government school for boys in the northwestern village of Subhan Khwar, 22 miles north of Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, In Somalia the Islamist al-Shabab militia, that the US calls a terror organization, seized Merka, a key port town, giving it control of most of southern Somalia and sidelining the weak government.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, In South African a truck carrying workers collided with another truck, killing 23 people and injuring nine.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, facing a possible indictment by the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes in Darfur, announced a ceasefire in the region.
    (Reuters, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, Pirates commandeered the Karagol, a Turkish chemical tanker, off the coast of Yemen. 14 Turkish personnel were aboard the tanker. The Russian frigate Neustrashimy and the British frigate Cumberland foiled pirates who fired automatic weapons toward a Danish ship and twice tried to seize it in the Gulf of Aden. The Karagol was released on Jan 12, 2009. 
    (AP, 11/12/08)(AP, 1/13/09)
2008        Nov 12, Zimbabwe's main opposition said it would not join a new government with President Robert Mugabe until unresolved power-sharing issues were ironed out.
    (AFP, 11/12/08)

2009        Nov 12, US prosecutors filed a civil complaint in federal court against the Alavi Foundation, seeking the forfeiture of more than $500 million in assets. The Muslim nonprofit organization, suspected to have Iranian links, held assets including bank accounts; Islamic centers consisting of schools and mosques in New York, Maryland, California and Houston; more than 100 acres in Virginia; and a 36-story Manhattan office tower.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 12, The IMF issued new rules for financial assets that will be optional from this year and mandatory from 2013.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.88)
2009        Nov 12, The Atlantic seaboard was drenched in rain from Tropical Storm Ida. 3 deaths were reported in Virginia and one in North Carolina.
    (SFC, 11/13/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 12, Afghanistan exported 12 tons of apples to India and touted the shipment as a key step in exploring much-needed international markets for its agricultural products.
    (AFP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, In Bolivia authorities said that evaporation blamed on global warming has reduced Lake Titicaca, one of the world's highest navigable lakes, to its lowest level since 1949.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, British Airways PLC and Spanish airline Iberia SA confirmed they are holding separate board meetings about a long-awaited merger, responding to feverish speculation that has sent the companies' shares soaring.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, In Honduras assailants fired an anti-tank grenade toward the building housing ballots for the upcoming Nov 29 Honduran presidential elections, which are taking place under the shadow of a four-month crisis caused by a coup. The grenade overshot its target.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 12, Italy's top security official said that authorities have smashed an international terror cell with the arrest in Italy and elsewhere in Europe of 17 Algerians who were raising money to finance terrorism.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, In Norway thieves stole a valuable artwork by Edvard Munch from an Oslo art dealer in downtown Oslo. One or more thieves stole "Historien" (History) from Nyborgs Kunst.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 12, A Norwegian freelance journalist kidnapped on Nov 5 in eastern Afghanistan was released along with his Afghan interpreter. Paal Refsdal was in Afghanistan filming a documentary for the Norwegian production company Novemberfilm.
    (AP, 11/12/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 12, In Pakistan stiff Taliban resistance killed at least 17 government soldiers in the military's deadliest day since launching its offensive in South Waziristan. At least 15 soldiers were killed in clashes, while a roadside bomb killed two soldiers in Sararogha area further east. Gunmen shot dead Abu Al-Hasan Jaffry, a Pakistani spokesman for the Iranian consulate, at point blank range as he set off for work in Peshawar. The army said that 22 militants were killed in South Waziristan, which would bring to 524 the number reported dead since the fight began. 
    (AFP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, Peruvian media reported that air force officer Victor Ariza (45) was arrested last month for allegedly spying for Chile. Peruvian President Alan Garcia soon accused Chile of assaulting Peru's sovereignty, throwing his weight behind allegations that Chile paid a Peruvian military officer to spy. Chilean Foreign Minister Mariano Fernandez denied the accusation.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 12, Russia’s Pres. Medvedev called on his country to shed its dependence on exports of raw materials and to adopt a more pragmatic foreign policy aimed at attracting investment and promoting growth.
    (SFC, 11/13/09, p.A5)
2009        Nov 12, In Rwanda a passenger plane with a recent history of technical problems crashed into an airport VIP lounge Kigali, killing one passenger. The CRJ-100 aircraft was leased from Kenya's Jetlink.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 12, Spain created its bank bailout fund, the FROB, with a potential capacity of €99 billion.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.27)(www.frob.es/financiera/inversores_en.html)

2010        Nov 12, The US Supreme Court allowed the Pentagon to continue preventing openly gay people from serving in the military while a federal appeals court reviews the "don't ask, don't tell" policy.
    (AP, 11/13/10)
2010        Nov 12, The California state Dept. of Education reported 50.4% of the state’s public schools students identified themselves as Latino. 27% identified themselves as white, 9% as Asian and 7% as black.
    (SFC, 11/13/10, p.A1)
2010        Nov 12, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeted foreign forces in Kabul but the device detonated early, slightly injuring an Afghan soldier and a NATO service member. An ISAF soldier died after an attack by militant fighters in the east of the country. 15 militants were detained during three overnight operations targeting Taliban leaders across Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/12/10)(AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, British detectives investigating the 2009 theft of nearly 300 brightly colored stuffed birds from the Natural History Museum in Tring arrested Edwin Rist (22), a US citizen.
    (AP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 12, Canada and India launched talks on a free trade deal they said could boost gross domestic product in each nation by C$6 billion ($5.9 billion) a year and increase existing trade flows by 50 percent.
    (Reuters, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, The UN asked for $164 million to fight the cholera outbreak in Haiti, as the death toll reached 724 with 10 of the deaths and 278 cases in the capital Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, Italy's opposition presented a no-confidence motion against Premier Silvio Berlusconi, setting the stage for a showdown in parliament that could spell the end of the government.
    (AP, 11/13/10)
2010        Nov 12, A Lebanese military court convicted Omar Bakri Mohammed, a radical Muslim cleric, of terrorism charges and sentenced him in absentia to life in prison. Bakri was among 54 people sentenced as part of ongoing trials of militants who fought deadly clashes with the Lebanese army in 2007. Bakri lived in Britain for 20 years where he headed the now-disbanded radical Islamist group al-Muhajiroun. He left Britain for Lebanon in 2005 and the British government barred him from returning.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, Morelos state prosecutor said soldiers are hunting a 12-year-old suspected drug gang hitman accused of helping wage a gruesome turf war in central Mexico. 2 housewives this week took over the running of the police near Ciudad Juarez in Chihuahua state, after no one else applied for the dangerous job. Olga Herrera (43), a mother of five, was appointed police chief in the town of Villa Luz, while Veronica Rios will be in charge of the police department in the town of El Vergel, both just south of Ciudad Juarez.
    (Reuters, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, An ally of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi said an order for her release has been signed by Myanmar's ruling generals, as hundreds of supporters gathered at her political party headquarters and near her residence in anticipation.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III lashed out at the US and five other Western allies for issuing what he said were unverified warnings of a possible terrorist attack in the Southeast Asian nation at a time when it is trying to bolster its lackluster tourism industry.
    (AP, 11/12/10) 
2010        Nov 12, Henryk Mikolaj Gorecki (76), Polish classical composer, died following a serious illness in Katowice. Gorecki was best known for his Symphony 3 "Sorrowful Songs," which was published in the US in 1994 and became a best-seller, with more than one million copies sold.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, In South Korea leaders of the G20 major economies refused to back a US push to make China boost its currency's value, keeping alive a dispute that raises fears of a global trade war amid criticism that cheap Chinese exports are costing American jobs.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, A South Korean spy plane crashed during routine training and its two pilots were killed in the 2nd military accident to strike South Korea while it hosted the G20 summit.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 12, North Sudan's military bombed a disputed north-south border area, but a Southern Sudan army spokesman said the bombing was not a provocation. Casualties were said to be in the single digits.
    (AP, 11/13/10)
2010        Nov 12, After weeks of delays due to Chinese objections, the UN Security Council received a report on violations of the arms embargo in Sudan's western Darfur region that infuriated Beijing. The confidential report said Khartoum committed multiple breaches of the embargo and China has done little to ensure its weaponry is not used in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 11/12/10)

2011        Nov 12, Pres. Obama gathered with leaders of 20 other nations of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum meeting in Hawaii. Obama’s trip was part of a 9-day trip that would include visits to aus Obama’s trip was part of a 9-day trip that would include visits to Australia and Indonesia.
    (SFC, 11/14/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 12, It was reported that the US Guantanamo Bay Naval Base is costing taxpayers $800,000 annually for each of the 171 captives currently held there.
    (SFC, 11/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a car, killing nine civilians, including a woman and a child in Laghman province. In the south gunmen shot and killed a village elder in the Khash Rod district of Nimroz province.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, African Union officials said AU troops fighting al-Qaida-linked Islamists in the failed state of Somalia have a $10 million funding gap which has delayed the deployment of reinforcements and lifesaving equipment.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Australia 22 sperm whales and 2 minke whales died after getting stranded near Ocean Beach, Tasmania. Rescuers over the next 2 days saved two huge sperm whales stranded at Macquarie Harbor. Another died and a 4th remained stranded as weather worsened.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)(AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 12, The Bahraini interior ministry announced that four members of a cell planning attacks were detained in Qatar and turned over to Manama, while a fifth suspect was arrested in Bahrain. The Sunni-ruled Arab monarchies of the Gulf have repeatedly accused mainly Shiite Iran of meddling in their internal affairs.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, Egyptian police arrested Abdel-Halim Hassan Heneidi, a militant leader, in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Egypt Jeff Francois, a Canadian tourist, died of a gunshot wounds He was shot on Nov 9 when members of a feuding family opened fire on his car when his driver refused to stop at an illegal checkpoint in the town of al-Samata.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton officially opened a delegation in Tripoli before holding talks with Libya's interim leaders as the bloc moved to cement relations.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe vowed to help Nigeria in its fight against extremist groups as the country faces an intensifying Islamist insurgency. Nigeria is France's biggest trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Germany some 9,000 people rallied in Frankfurt near the EU’s Central Bank office calling for an end to excesses of financial speculation and urging the government to dismantle big banks.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 12, In Iran an accidental explosion at a Revolutionary Guard ammunition depot west of Tehran killed at least 36 soldiers. Brig. Gen. Hassan Moqaddam, a top commander of Iran’s ballistic missile program, was among those killed.
    (AP, 11/12/11)(SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A6)(SFC, 11/14/11, p.A2)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 12, Italy’s PM Berlusconi resigned after lawmakers rushed through a budget bill seen as the first step toward winning back investor confidence.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A8)
2011        Nov 12, A Kenyan official said more than 30 Kenya-based members of Somalia's top militant group have accepted a police amnesty and are providing information to help Kenyan police secure the country against threatened suicide attacks by the group. Kenyan and Somali government troops killed nine members of an al-Qaida-linked militant group they were pursuing in Somalia.
    (AP, 11/12/11)(AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Kazakhstan a radical Islamist, identified only as Kariyev, killed 7 people, including 5 law enforcement officers, in a rampage the southern city of Taraz. The suspect blew himself up as officers moved in to arrest him.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Nigeria evacuated from Mali 104 of its citizens, mostly women, either made to work as "sexual slaves" or suspected of involvement in human trafficking.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Pakistan four intelligence officials were killed during a raid on a militant hideout in the country's east. Some militants were killed or captured in the raid in Jellum district. Hafiz Gul Bahadur, a Pakistani militant commander close to the Afghan border, threatened to abandon an unofficial peace deal with the government because of American missile strikes and shelling by the Pakistani army.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Puerto Rico reported that 983 people have been killed so far this year, equal to the number of killings reported for all of last year when the US Caribbean territory marked its second highest number of slayings ever. A record 995 people were killed in 1994 in this island of 4 million people.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Somalia 3 refugees queuing for food were killed in crossfire when corrupt Somali government security forces tried to loot aid supplies in famine-hit Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In South Africa renowned cricket writer Peter Roebuck (55) was about to be detained over the alleged sexual assault of a Zimbabwean man when he plunged to his death.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)
2011        Nov 12, South Korea dispatched patrol boats and a helicopter for 8 missing crewmen after a fishing boat collided with a freighter and sank off its southwestern coast.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Global aid organization Oxfam said it has withdrawn 22 staff from South Sudan's Upper Nile state because of escalating violence along the newly independent country's tense border with the north.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Sudan an alliance of rebel groups committed to regime change said that a key Darfur rebel movement had joined them, as they convened for a second meeting in the Nuba Mountains.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, The 22-member Arab League voted to suspend Syria and warned the regime could face sanctions if it does not end its bloody crackdown against anti-government protesters. The decision was a symbolic blow to a nation that prides itself on being a powerhouse of Arab nationalism. 18 countries agreed to the suspension, scheduled to take effect on Nov 16.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, Turkish commandos in civilian clothes slipped onto the Kartepe, a hijacked passenger ferry, and posed as hostages before fatally shooting a suspected Kurdish rebel carrying explosives in a 12-hour drama that ended before dawn.
    (AP, 11/12/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Yemen fierce clashes erupted in Taez as protesters in the capital Sanaa condemned international silence in the face of a government crackdown. Armed tribesmen, who have thrown their support behind the protest movement, clashed with government troops in the Hassab district of Taez.
    (AFP, 11/12/11)

2012        Nov 12, The Top500 website namedTitan, a computer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, as the world’s faster supercomputer.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.74)
2012        Nov 12, In Afghanistan an international military coalition service member was been killed in an insurgent attack in the country's east.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, Brazil’s high court sentenced Jose Dirceu, the former chief of staff of former Pres. Lula da Silva, to nearly 11 years in prison for orchestrating a vast vote-buying scheme.
    (SFC, 11/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 12, British MPs criticised executives of Starbucks, Google and Amazon for not paying more tax in Britain and Amazon said it had received a $252 million (159 million pounds) demand for back taxes from France. A Reuters report last month showed that Starbucks had paid no corporation, or income, tax in the UK in the past three years and had paid only 8.6 million pounds since 1998.
    (Reuters, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, British judges ruled that Abu Qatada, a radical Islamist cleric described by prosecutors as a key al-Qaida operative in Europe, cannot be deported from Britain to Jordan to face terrorism charges. Britain's Special Immigration Appeals Commission said it was not convinced that Jordan would guarantee Abu Qatada a fair trial.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, Helen Boaden, the head of news at the BBC, stepped aside after a program falsely accusing a former senior politician of child abuse sparked one of the worst crises in the publicly-funded broadcaster's 90-year history. Boaden and her deputy Stephen Mitchell stepped aside pending a review of why editors spiked the report last year on Savile, who has been accused of abusing children on BBC premises.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, In China a 24-year-old Tibetan man set himself on fire at a prayer ceremony in Tongren county in western Qinghai province, becoming the seventh person in six days to self-immolate in the region.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, EU ministers agreed to giver Greece two more years to reform its economy, but failed to agree how to get the country’s bailout program back on track.
    (SFC, 11/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 12, Greek lawmakers approved the country’s 2013 austerity budget by a 167-128 vote in the 300-member Parliament.
    (SFC, 11/12/12, p.A4)
2012        Nov 12, An Israeli tank scored a "direct hit" on a Syrian armored vehicle after a mortar shell landed on Israeli-held territory in the Golan Heights, in the first direct confrontation between the countries since the Syrian uprising broke out, sharpening fears that Israel could be drawn into the civil war next door.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, A new Irish Republican Army faction in Northern Ireland claimed responsibility for its first killing and defended the bloodshed as a necessary act of vengeance. The group said its members shot to death David Black on Nov 1 because he worked as a guard at Northern Ireland's top-security Maghaberry prison.
    (AP, 11/13/12)
2012        Nov 12, Palestinian militants in Gaza launched 10 rockets into southern Israel by midday, including one that struck the yard of a house. The barrage ramped up pressure on the Israeli government to stage a large-scale operation aimed at stopping the persistent attacks.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, Spain’s major banks agreed to suspend evictions for two years of the most financially vulnerable homeowners.
    (SFC, 11/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 12, A Syrian fighter jet bombed a rebel-held area near the Turkish border, killing at least six people and wounding a dozen others. One rocket-propelled grenade landed in Turkey. A Syrian helicopter bombed rebel positions in an area further south of Ras al-Ayn and the rebels could be heard responding with machine guns.
    (AP, 11/12/12)
2012        Nov 12, Zimbabwe government opened a conference on the diamond trade in Victoria Falls. Partnership Africa Canada, an organization leading the campaign against conflict diamonds, reported that at least $2 billion worth of diamonds have been stolen from Zimbabwe’s eastern diamond fields and have enriched President Robert Mugabe's ruling circle, international gem dealers and criminals.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2013        Nov 12, In NYC a 1969 painting by Francis Bacon set a world record for the most expensive artwork ever sold at a Christie’s auction. “Three Studies of Lucian Freud” sold for $142,405,000.
    (SFC, 11/13/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 12, In Bangladesh riot police fired tear gas to battle thousands of stone-throwing garment workers who rampaged through two industrial towns during a protest over wages that closed at least 200 factories and left dozens of people injured.
    (AP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Mavis Batey (b.1921), a renowned British code-breaker during WWII, died.
    (SFC, 11/29/13, p.C4)
2013        Nov 12, British composer John Tavener (69) died. His spiritually inspired music was performed at the funeral of Princess Diana. He was best known for works including "The Whale", which was released in the late 1960s by the Beatles' record label Apple.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 12, Bulgaria's premier and president issued a joint appeal against xenophobia following a number of racist incidents as the EU's poorest country struggles with an influx of Syrian refugees. Protesters tried to blockade the parliament, clashing with police as they demanded the country's left-leaning government resign and early elections be called.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, In Cambodia a woman was shot dead and several people injured as riot police used live rounds, rubber bullets and teargas in clashes with protesting garment workers.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, A company owned by Canada's Gabriel Resources said it still hopes to start digging for gold in Romania in 2014, despite a negative vote by a parliamentary committee.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Mylene Paquette (35) of Quebec, Canada, made history by becoming the first North American to make a west-to-east solo crossing of the Atlantic by rowboat.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 12, China's Communist Party promised to deepen economic reforms to give the market a "decisive" role in allocating resources at the end of a closely-watched meeting. A document on reforms was approved but not made public until Nov 15.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.47)
2013        Nov 12, China, Cuba, Russia and Saudi Arabia won seats on the UN Human Rights Council, despite fierce international criticism of their records.
    (AP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 12, In Cyprus the largest haul of looted, centuries-old church icons, frescoes and mosaics ever repatriated were officially welcomed after a nearly four-decade journey. Police discovered the religious treasures in a 1997 raid on the apartment of Turkish art dealer Aydin Dikmen in Munich, Germany.
    (AP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Egypt's 3-month-old state of emergency ended today after a court ruling. Military and security officials held off from impleneting the ruling amid worries of protests by supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi. Egyptian police fired tear gas at student supporters of Morsi, who were protesting at the university in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (AP, 11/12/13)(Reuters, 11/12/13)(SFC, 11/13/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 12, The Strasbourg-based Council of Europe, a leading human rights body, urged President Vladimir Putin to overhaul Russia's creaking judicial system, long criticized as vulnerable to political meddling and as an obstacle to business.
    (Reuters, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Settlement watchdog Peace Now said Israel plans to build 20,000 new settler homes in the West Bank. PM Netanyahu publicly forced Housing Minister Uri Ariel, who had approved the plans, to back down after drawing US condemnation for a settlement project the Palestinians warned would end a fragile peace process
    (AFP, 11/12/13)(AFP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 12, Jordan's largest daily, the government-owned Al-Rai, and its sister newspaper suspended publication after staff held a one-day strike in protest at state "interference."
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, In Lebanon Sunni sheikh Saadeddine Ghiyeh, a cleric close to the Syrian regime of President Bashar al-Assad, was shot dead in the northern town of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)   
2013        Nov 12, Philippine troops killed two armed insurgents who attacked an aid convoy en route to typhoon-devastated Tacloban. Thousands of typhoon survivors swarmed the Tacloban airport seeking a flight out, but only a few hundred made it. Mobs overran a rice warehouse 24 km from Tacloban, setting off a wall collapse that killed 8 people and carting off thousands of sacks of the grain.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 12, A Russian court in Moscow froze the assets of protest leader Alexei Navalny as part of an investigation into alleged fraud and money laundering by him and his brother Oleg.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, The Sao Tome government and Chinese representatives signed an agreement  to open a trade mission to promote projects in Sao Tome and Principe, 16 years after it broke off relations over the tiny Central African island nation's diplomatic recognition of Taiwan.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)
2013        Nov 12, Saudi media said 3 Eritrean military officers have asked for political asylum in Saudi Arabia after Saudi air force jets forced their aircraft to land in the southern part of the kingdom.
    (Reuters, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, In Saudi Arabia thousands of Africans, mostly Ethiopians, surrendered to authorities for a second day Ethiopia announced the death of three citizens during clashes in the Gulf kingdom.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Singapore charged a 35-year-old man suspected of hacking a website linked to the prime minister.
    (Reuters, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Thousands of Sudanese demanded the removal of a local police chief, on the third day of unrest sparked by an attack on a female student. Unrest began Nov 10 after an attack on the young woman, which led crowds to burn the local market.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Syrian troops clashed with rebels on the southern outskirts of Damascus. The Syrian National Coalition named a provisional government for rebel-held areas.
    (AP, 11/12/13)(Reuters, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Thai premier Yingluck Shinawatra appealed for anti-government groups to end ongoing street protests after the parliamentary defeat of an amnesty bill failed to defuse political tensions.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, In Tunisia special forces units from the National Guard killed a suspected militant and arrested eight others in an early morning operation deep in the desert south of the country.
    (AP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, A new report by the UN Development Program said Latin America is the most unsafe region in the world.
    (SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 12, Yemen convicted nine men for arms smuggling after their ship was intercepted in the country's territorial waters in January, sentencing them with up to 10 years in prison for smuggling Iranian-made weapons. Ringleader, identified as Hameed Dahash, was tried in absentia and sentenced to 10 years.
    (AP, 11/12/13)

2014        Nov 12, A US federal judge struck down South Carolina’s same-sex marriage ban as unconstitutional, but gave the state a week to appeal.
    (SFC, 11/13/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 12, Global regulators announced $4.3 billion in fines against six major US and European banks for attempting to manipulate foreign exchange markets. UBS, Royal Bank of Scotland, JPMorgan, Citigroup, HSBC and Bank of America were nabbed tinkering with a widely used benchmark for trading currencies.
    (AFP, 11/12/14)(Econ, 11/15/14, p.78)
2014        Nov 12, British police arrested 13 people in the Manchester area in an investigation of an alleged trafficking ring which tricked women into visiting Britain, then sold them into forced marriages.
    (AP, 11/13/14)
2014        Nov 12, Cambodia agreed to raise the minimum wage in its important clothing industry by 28 percent to $128 a month, falling short of labor unions' $140 proposal.
    (AP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, China and the United States agreed to new limits on carbon emissions starting in 2025, but the pledge by the world's two biggest polluters appears to be more politically significant than substantive.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Europe’s Rosetta spacecraft released its Philae lander toward the icy, dusty surface of a speeding comet. Rosetta was launched a decade ago to study the 4-km-wide (2.5-mile-wide) 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko comet. Philae bounced and came to rest in the shadow of a cliff, posing a potential problem for its solar panels. Data was sent for about 60 hours before the solar batteries were depleted. On June 13, 2015, Philae began sending more data as the solar panels recharged.
    (AP, 11/12/14)(AP, 11/13/14)(Econ, 11/22/14, p.76)(SFC, 6/15/15, p.A3)
2014        Nov 12, In central India furious protesters took to the streets of Raipur, Chhattisgarh state, smashing up cars and demanding the chief minister resign, as the death toll from a mass government-run sterilization program rose to 13.
    (AFP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi shook up the country's military, relieving 26 army officers from their command, retiring 10 others and appointing 18 new commanders. Three bombings in and around Baghdad killed at least 17 people and wounded nearly 40.
    (AP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Israeli authorities gave preliminary approval for construction of 200 new homes in a Jewish area of east Jerusalem, which the Palestinians claim as their capital.
    (AP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, In Italy floods continued to engulf northern parts of the country as heavy rain continued. A landslide killed one man.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Malian authorities reported two new deaths from Ebola that are not believed to be linked to the nation's only other known case. A day earlier Mali had reported no new cases since Oct 24.
    (AP, 11/12/14)(SFC, 11/12/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 12, In Mozambique Mohamed Bachir Suleman, a wealthy businessman accused by the US government in 2010 of being an international drug trafficker, was kidnapped by four men with assault rifles in the parking lot of a shopping mall that he owns in Maputo. Police rescued Suleman on Dec 19. He believed his kidnappers were Zimbabwean and South African nationals.
    (AP, 11/14/14)(AP, 12/20/14)(AFP, 12/21/14)
2014        Nov 12, Netherlands authorities announced the arrest of 12 people with suspected links to militant Islamists.
    (Reuters, 11/13/14)
2014        Nov 12, In Nigeria a female suicide bomber blew herself up at a teacher training college in Kontagora, killing at least one other person in the second such attack on an educational institution this week.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Pakistan's military carried out a "precise" airstrike against a militant stronghold in the country's tribal region near the Afghan border, killing 19 militants.
    (AP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, In South Africa opposition parties released their own report on the upgrades of Pres. Zuma’s personal home calling for Zuma to be removed from office. They also demanded a criminal investigation and that Zuma pay back a portion of the more than $20 million in state funds used to improve his rural homestead in Nkandla in the Kwazulu-Natal province.
    (AP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, South Korea's Hyundai Heavy Industries said it had signed a $1.94 billion deal to build offshore oil and gas processing platforms in the United Arab Emirates.
    (AFP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Spanish PM Mariano Rajoy urged Catalonia to seek a constitutional reform to resolve its political problems with Madrid but he ruled out talks on a possible referendum on independence.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Sudanese warplanes reportedly bombed South Sudan, wounding six civilians in areas bordering war zone regions where Khartoum was trying to crush rebel fighters.
    (AFP, 11/14/14)  
2014        Nov 12, A Swedish official in Kiruna said a bus driver has been sacked for forcing black people off her bus, highlighting lingering xenophobia in a country traditionally known for tolerance.
    (AFP, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Turkey's national election board said it has penalized the state-run broadcaster for favoring President Tayyip Erdogan in its coverage of the country's first popular vote for head of state.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)
2014        Nov 12, Members of the nationalist Turkish Youth Union attacked three US sailors on a crowded street in Istanbul, shouting "Yankee go home", throwing paint and trying to pull hoods over their heads. Twelve people were detained but released by an Istanbul court the next day.
    (Reuters, 11/14/14)
2014        Nov 12, The UN’s Office on Drugs and Crime said opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has hit a record high this year and accounted for 90% of the world’s heroin supply.
    (SFC, 11/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 12, In central Yemen at least 33 people were reported killed in fighting in the past two days between Shi'ite Muslim Houthi fighters trying to expand their control and Sunni tribes allied with al Qaeda. In southern Shabwa province a US drone destroyed a Hilux truck carrying at least 7 militants on their way to an attack in the city of Azzan.
    (Reuters, 11/12/14)

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