Today in History - November 15

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1280        Nov 15, Albertus Magnus (87), German leader and bishop Regensburg, died.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1315        Nov 15, Swiss soldiers ambushed and slaughtered invading Austrians in the Battle of Morgarten. The Bundesbrief prevailed over a Habsburg army. Voluntary agreements among the cantons led to the formation of the Willensnation, a nation created by acts of free will by a diverse people.
    (HN, 11/15/98)(Econ, 2/14/04, p.6)

1316        Nov 15, Jean I became king of France, and died 4 days later.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1348        Nov 15, Rudolph of Oron, a bailiff in Lausanne, wrote a letter to the Strasbourg authorities in which he declared that certain Jews of Lausanne confessed to poisoning all the drinking wells in the Rhine Valley that somehow selectively killed only Christians.
    (http://tinyurl.com/maa4q7b)

1491        Nov 15, 6 Jews and 5 Conversos (Jews who pretend to be Catholic converts) were accused of killing Christians in La Guardia, Spain.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1492        Nov 15, Christopher Columbus noted the 1st recorded reference to tobacco.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1515        Nov 15, Thomas Wolsey (1473-1530), archbishop of York, was made a cardinal.
    (http://www.britainunlimited.com/Biogs/Wolsey.htm)

1532        Nov 15, Pope Clemens VII told Henry VIII to end his relationship with Anne Boleyn.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1533        Nov 15, Francisco Pizarro entered Cuzco, Peru. [see Aug 29]
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1539        Nov 15, Richard Whiting (b.1461), the Bishop of Glastonbury, was hung, drawn and quartered on Glastonbury Tor after being convicted of treason for remaining loyal to Rome. Little Jack Horner was reputed to have been the steward to Whiting, whose jury included Horner. 12 deeds, sent by Whiting as a bribe to the king, were reportedly carried by Horner, who was said to have stolen the one to the manor of Mells, it being the real 'plum' of the twelve manors. The first publication date for the lyrics to the Little Jack Horner nursery rhyme is 1725.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Jack_Horner)

1577        Nov 15, Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican began his travel from Chile to Washington. [see Dec 13]
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1626        Nov 15, The Pilgrim Fathers, who settled in New Plymouth, bought out their London investors.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1630        Nov 15, Johann Kepler (b.1571), German astronomer, died at 58.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1708        Nov 15, William Pitt the Elder, Secretary of State of England whose strategies helped win the Seven Years War, was born. He served as Whig PM from 1756-61 and 66-68.
    (HN, 11/15/98)(MC, 11/15/01)

1727        Nov 15, NY General assembly permitted Jews to omit phrase "upon the faith of a Christian" from abjuration oath.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1731        Nov 15, William Cowper, English lawyer and poet (John Gilpin), was born. [see Nov 26]
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1738        Nov 15, Sir William Hershel, British astronomer who discovered Uranus, was born.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1763        Nov 15, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon began surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania and Maryland. They surveyed 233 miles by 1767 when Indians of the Six nations told them they could not proceed any further west.
    (MC, 11/15/01)(ON, 2/04, p.10)

1777        Nov 15, The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation in York, Pa. These instituted the perpetual union of the United States of America and served as a precursor to the U.S. Constitution. The structure of the Constitution was inspired by the Iroquois Confederacy of six major northeastern tribes. The matrilineal society of the Iroquois later inspired the suffragist movement.
    (PCh, 1992, p.325)(AP, 11/15/97)(SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.2)(HN, 11/15/98)

1787        Nov 15, Christoph W. Ritter von Gluck (73), composer (Iphigenie Tauride), died.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1805        Nov 15, Captain Meriwether Lewis and four men of the Corps of Discovery reached the Pacific Ocean near what is now Seaview, Washington. On November 18, Captain Clark and eleven men left Station Camp for their turn to view the Pacific Ocean.
    (http://columbiariverimages.com/Regions/Places/pacific_ocean.html)

1806        Nov 15, 1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Government, published its 1st issue.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1806        Nov 15, Explorer Zebulon Pike discovered the Colorado mountaintop (14,110 ft), originally called "The Long One" by Ute Indians, and now known as Pikes Peak. Lt. Pike was leading a survey party into the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase when he spotted the snowcapped peak in the distance. He didn’t climb it. [see Nov 13]
    (AP, 11/15/97)(HN, 11/15/98)(MC, 11/15/01)

1815        Nov 15, John Banvard, painter of the world’s largest painting (3 mile canvas), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1827        Nov 15, Creek Indians lost all their property in US.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1832        Nov 15, Felix Mendelssohn's Symphony # 5 ("Reformation") premiered.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1832        Nov 15, Jean-Baptiste Say (b.1767), French economist, died. He is remembered for what came to be called Say’s Law: “the supply (sale) of X creates the demand (purchase) of Y." This law can be shown by business-cycle statistics. When downturns start, production is always first to decline, ahead of demand. When the economy recovers, production recovers ahead of demand. A society can’t consume if it does not produce.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Baptiste_Say)(WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A25)

1835        Nov 15, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reached Tahiti.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1837        Nov 15, Isaac Pitman introduced his shorthand system for rapid writing. The stenographic system was based on sounds and was rapidly adopted in India.
    (MC, 11/15/01)(WSJ, 8/20/04, p.A1)

1856        Nov 15, The clipper ship Neptune’s Car arrived in SF after sailing 136 days from NYC. Mary Ann Patten (1837-1861), the pregnant 19-year-old wife of Captain Joshua Patten (d.1857), commanded the ship for much of its voyage after the captain fell ill.
    (AH, 2/05, p.60)

1862        Nov 15, Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn- Nobel 1912), was born.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1864        Nov 15, Union Major General William T. Sherman’s troops set fires that destroyed much of Atlanta.
    (HN, 11/15/98)
1864        Nov 15, 1st US mines school opened in the basement of Columbia University, NY.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1867        Nov 15, Ryoma Sakamoto, the rebel who helped topple Japan’s feudal government system, was assassinated. In 1966 Ryotaro Shiba authored the historical novel "Ryoma on the Move" in 8 paperback volumes. Between 1987 and 1996 a comic series on Ryoma ran in magazines and a 23-volume compilation was later made.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yglqgbs)(WSJ, 6/14/00, p.A1,16)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.55)

1872        Nov 15, In California the 115 foot Pigeon Point Light Station near Pescadero started operation. It was built due to a series of shipwrecks in the area. Service ended in the 1980s and in 2004 it was transferred to the Peninsula Open Space Trust and the Calif. Dept. of Parks. On May 25, 2005 ownership was transferred from the US Coast Guard to the California State Parks. A 5-year, $5 million restoration campaign was begun.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T3)(SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A2)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.B4)(SFC, 5/26/05, p.B1)

1881        Nov 15, The American Federation of Labor was founded. [see Nov 17]
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1882        Nov 15, Felix Frankfurter, U.S. 80th Supreme Court Justice (1939-62), was born in Vienna, Austria. He came to the U.S. in 1894 and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1906. A close adviser to President Franklin Roosevelt, Frankfurter helped recruit personnel for the New Deal. He was appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court in 1939 and served until 1962. Frankfurter died on February 22, 1965. “There is no inevitability in history except as men make it."
    (AP, 2/27/98)(HNQ, 3/16/99)(MC, 11/15/01)

1887        Nov 15, Marianne Moore, poet (Pulitzer 1951, Collected Poems), was born in St. Louis.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1887        Nov 15, Georgia O’Keeffe (d.1986), American painter, was born in Wisconsin. An introduction to her work was published in 1997 ed. by Peter H. Hassrick: “The Georgia O’Keeffe Museum."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1002)(HFA, ‘96, p.42)(SFC, 7/16/97, p.E3)(SFEC, 9/7/97, BR p.9)

1889        Nov 15, In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Emperor Dom Pedro II was overthrown and military officers established a republic.
    (AP, 11/15/97)(WSJ, 4/6/06, p.D8)

1891        Nov 15, W. Averell Harriman, (Gov-D-NY) and US ambassador to USSR (1943-46), was born.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1891        Nov 15, Erwin Rommel, field marshal in World War II, was born. He commanded the Afrika Korps in North Africa and defended the Normandy coast on D-Day.
    (HN, 11/15/99)

1897        Nov 15, Sacheverell Sitwell, English poet and author (People's Palace), was born.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1897        Nov 15, The electricity plant at Niagara Falls opened sending AC power 26 miles to Buffalo, NY. It contained AC generators built by Westinghouse Electric and transformers built by General Electric under license from Westinghouse Electric.
    (ON, 10/04, p.8)

1899        Nov 15, Winston Churchill (24), war correspondent for London’s Morning Post, was captured by Boers in Natal, South Africa. He escaped prison in Pretoria on Dec 12 and after some days reached the English colony in Durban, Natal.
    (ON, 12/08, p1)

1903        Nov 15, Eugen d'Albert's opera "Tiefland," premiered in Prague.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1904        Nov 15, King C. Gillette patented his Gillette razor blade.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1906        Nov 15, Curtis E. Le May, air force general and VP candidate, was born.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1907        Nov 15, Count Claus Schenck von Stauffenberg, German anti fascist colonel, was born.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1908        Nov 15, China's Empress Dowager Cixi died two weeks short of her 73rd birthday. In 2013 Jung Chang authored “Empress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern China."
    (AP, 11/15/08)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.84)

1909        Nov 15, M. Metrot took off in a Voisin bi-plane from Algiers, making the first manned flight in Africa.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1914        Nov 15, Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founded the newspaper Il Populo d’Italia.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1917        Nov 15, Kerensky fled and the Bolsheviks took command in Moscow.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1919        Nov 15, The US Senate 1st invoked cloture to end a filibuster over the Versailles Treaty.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1920        Nov 15, Forty-one nations opened the first League of Nations session in Geneva.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1922        Nov 15, It was announced that Dr. Alexis Carrel discovered white corpuscles.
    (HN, 11/15/00)

1923        Nov 15, Germany introduced the gold mark. Its issuance was severely restricted by the new Rentenbank. This allowed paper money to settle down to a rate of 4.2 trillion to the dollar by the end of the year.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.91)

1926        Nov 15, The National Broadcasting Co. debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1929        Nov 15, Edward Asner, actor (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Lou Grant), was born in Kansas City, Missouri.
    (www.filmreference.com/film/6/Edward-Asner.html)

1930        Nov 15, Madrid was paralyzed by general strikes and riots.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1932        Nov 15, Charles Waddell Chesnutt (b.1858), author and political activist, died. He is best known for novels and short stories from Fayetteville, North Carolina. In 1978 Frances Richardson Keller (1915-2007) authored “An American Crusade: The Life of Charles Waddell Chesnutt."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_W._Chesnutt)

1936        Nov 15, Nazi Germany and Japan signed the Anti-Komintern pact.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1937        Nov 15, The 1st US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers took place.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1937        Nov 15, Eighteen lawsuits were bought against the Tennessee Valley Authority, calling for its dissolution.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1938        Nov 15, Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1939        Nov 15, President Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 11/15/97)
1939        Nov 15, Nazis began their mass murder of Warsaw Jews.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1940        Nov 15, The first 75,000 men were called to Armed Forces duty under peacetime conscription.
    (AP, 11/15/97)
1940        Nov 15, In San Francisco Negro singer Paul Robeson and eight other men and women filed suit in Superior Court asking $22,500 in damages from Vanessi Inc. for being denied service at Vanessi’s, a restaurant at 498 Broadway following his concert at the Opera House.
    (SSFC, 11/14/15, DB p.50)
1940        Nov 15, NY Midtown tunnel linking Manhattan and Queens opened to traffic.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1941        Nov 15, Cow Palace opened in Daly City, Ca. Construction labor was largely supplied by the WPA.
    (GTP, 1973, p.113)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A11)
1941        Nov 15, The German siege of Sevastopol began.
    (WUD, 1944, p.1683)
1941        Nov 15, The German final attack on Moscow began. They advanced to within 25 miles of the center of Moscow.
    (SFC, 10/29/97, p.A23)

1942        Nov 15, Daniel Barenboim, Israeli pianist and conductor, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (HN, 11/15/00)(MC, 11/15/01)
1942        Nov 15, An American fleet defeated a Japanese naval force in a clash off Guadalcanal. The five Sullivan brothers, onboard USS Juneau, were all killed in the action.
    (HN, 11/15/99)

1943        Nov 15, Film star Olivia de Havilland met with lawyer Martin Gang and learned that it was illegal for studio bosses to keep actors locked up with salaried contracts for over 7 years. She sued and won a California court of Appeal victory in 1944 against Warner Bros.
    (SFC, 10/2/10, p.E8)

1945        Nov 15, A report issued by General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, offered a detailed account of Japanese military brothels run as "comfort stations."
    (SSFC, 12/7/03, p.A19)

1946        Nov 15, Joseph McCarthy's HUAC interrogated astronomer Harlow Shapley.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1946        Nov 15, The 17th Paris Air Show opened at the Grand Palais des Champs-Elysees. It is the first show of this kind since 1938.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1948        Nov 15, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.
    (AP, 11/15/98)

1952        Nov 15, Newark Airport reopened after closing earlier in the year because of an increase in accidents.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1954        Nov 15, 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole began.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1954        Nov 15, Lionel Barrymore (76), [Blythe], actor (Dr Kildare, Key Largo), died.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1956        Nov 15, "Li'l Abner" opened at St James Theater NYC for 693 performances.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1957        Nov 15, US sentenced Soviet spy Rudolf Ivanovich Abel to 30 years and $3,000 fine.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1957        Nov 15, Soviet Premier Khrushchev asserted Soviet superiority in missiles, challenging the U.S. to a rocket-range shooting match.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1958        Nov 15, Tyrone Power (44), actor, died of a heart attack in Madrid, Spain, while filming "Solomon and Sheba."
    (AP, 11/15/08)

1959        Nov 15, Richard Hickok and Perry Smith savagely murdered the Clutter Family in Holcomb, Kansas. The murders inspired Truman Capote’s book “In Cold Blood" (1966). Hickok and Smith reportedly fled to Florida. Investigators later linked them to the Dec 18, 1959, murders of Cliff Walker, his wife and two children.  
    (www.crimelibrary.com)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A5)(SFC, 12/5/12, p.A8)

1960        Nov 15, The first submarine with nuclear missiles, the USS George Washington, took to sea from Charleston, South Carolina.
    (HN, 11/15/98)
1960        Nov 15, In San Francisco groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the $3.2 million, 800-car underground garage at Portsmouth Square.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, DB p.50)

1962        Nov 15, Cuba threatened to down U.S. planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1963        Nov 15, Roger Mealman, Clifford Toycen Jr., and Robert Burns Jr. robbed a bank in Sacramento of $45,000 and headed east. They shot and killed HP officer Glenn Carlson along Highway 40. All 3 were soon arrested and sentenced to life in prison. The Highway 267 bypass was later named after CHP officer Carlson.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.A1,10)(SFC, 11/16/13, p.C4)
1963        Nov 15, Fritz Reiner (74), Hungarian-US conductor (Chicago Symphony Orch), died.
    (MC, 11/15/01)
1963        Nov 15, Argentina voided all foreign oil contracts.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1965        Nov 15, In the second day of combat, regiments of the 1st Cavalry Division battle on Landing Zones X-Ray against North Vietnamese forces in the Ia Drang Valley, South Vietnam.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A21)(HN, 11/15/99)

1966        Nov 15, The flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Junior splashed down safely in the Atlantic.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1969        Nov 15, A quarter of a million protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, D.C., against the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/15/97)(HN, 11/15/98)
1969        Nov 15, Wendy's Hamburgers, begun by Dave Thomas, opened in Ohio. In 2008 the chain was sold to Triarc Cos., owner of the Arby’s roast beef sandwich restaurant chain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendy's)(SFC, 4/25/08, p.D3)

1971        Nov 15, Intel first advertised its 4004 microprocessor in Electronic News.
    (www.intel.com/museum/archives/4004.htm)(SFC, 10/18/96, C9)

1972        Nov 15, Circle-in the-Square Theater opened at 1633 Broadway NYC with a revival of Mourning Becomes Electra.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circle_in_the_Square_Theatre)

1973        Nov 15-1973 Nov 22, Egypt and Israel exchanged prisoners of war.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Society_&_Culture/pows.html)

1974        Nov 15, The 15th String Quartet by Dmitri Shostakovitch (1906-1975) premiered in Leningrad.
    (www.carnegiehall.org/textSite/box_office/events/evt_6301.html)

1975        Nov 15, The first Summit of 6 leading industrialist nations, G-6, met in Rambouillet, France, for discussions on currency and oil prices.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_G6_summit)

1976        Nov 15, Rene Levesque's "Parti Quebecois" won elections in Quebec. The pro-independence Parti Quebecois first came to power.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A21)(www.cbc.ca/news/background/parti_quebecois/)
1976        Nov 15, A Syrian peace force took control of Beirut, Lebanon. The Arab League gave Syria a peacekeeping mandate.
    (HN, 11/15/98)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)

1977        Nov 15, Pres Jimmy Carter welcomed the Shah of Iran.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2rhmfk)(www.kipnotes.com/James%20E.%20Carter.htm)
1977        Nov 15, Megumi Yokota (13) disappeared after school in Niigata, Japan. It was later suspected that she, and possibly 9 others, had been kidnapped by North Korea. In 2002 N. Korea admitted the kidnapping. In 2014 Yokota's parents spent several days with their 26-year old granddaughter, Kim Eun Gyong, in the Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A25)(SFC, 9/18/02, p.A10)(Reuters, 3/16/14)

1978        Nov 15, Margaret Mead (b.1901), American cultural anthropologist, died in NY. Her books included “Coming of Age in Samoa." In 1983 Derek Freeman authored "Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth," in which he challenged all of Mead’s major findings.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Mead)

1979        Nov 15, A package bomb aboard a commercial flight from Chicago exploded and forced an emergency landing at Dulles Airport. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC, 11/9/97, Z1 p.4)
1979        Nov 15, The British government publicly identified Sir Anthony Blunt (d.1983), art historian, as the "fourth man" of a Soviet spy ring that included Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean and Kim Philby. Blunt’s work included “Art and Architecture in France 1500-1700." In 2001 Miranda Carter authored “Anthony blunt: His Lives."
    (AP, 11/15/99)(WSJ, 12/28/01, p.W8)

1982        Nov 15, Funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1983        Nov 15, In Athens, Greece, US Navy Captain George Tsantes and his driver were assassinated by the November 17 terrorist group.
    (http://arlingtoncemetery.net/gtsantes.htm)(SFC, 6/9/00, p.A14)
1983        Nov 15, Turkish Cypriots declared the northern third Cyprus a separate republic, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. It was only recognized by Turkey.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus)

1984        Nov 15, Baby Fae died 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1985        Nov 15, British PM Margaret Thatcher and the Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald signed the Anglo-Irish Agreement giving Dublin an official consultative role in governing Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/15/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Irish_Agreement)

1986        Nov 15, A government tribunal in Nicaragua convicted American Eugene Hasenfus of charges related to his role in delivering arms to Contra rebels, and sentenced him to 30 years in prison. He was pardoned a month later.
    (AP, 11/15/97)
1986        Nov 15, In the Philippines Japanese executive Noboyuki Wakaoji was kidnapped. He was released after over four months in captivity allegedly after the payment of a huge ransom. Two gang members wee later convicted sentenced to life terms. In 2010 Rolando Fajardo, leader of the kidnapping gang, was arrested.
    (www.pctc.gov.ph/papers/InternationalTerrorism.htm)(AFP, 11/1/10)

1987        Nov 15, Twenty-eight of 82 people aboard a Continental Airlines DC-9, including the pilot and co-pilot, were killed when the jetliner crashed seconds after taking off from Denver's Stapleton International Airport.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1988        Nov 15, The Palestine National Council, the legislative body of the PLO, proclaimed the establishment of an independent Palestinian state at the close of a four-day conference in Algiers.
    (AP, 11/15/98)
1988        Nov 15, In South Africa 7 blacks were killed and another 15 wounded in Strijdom Square in Pretoria. Barend Strydom, known as the White Wolf, was later sentenced to death for the killings. He was released in 1992 in a prisoner exchange during talks between the apartheid government and Mandela's African National Congress.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barend_Strydom)
1988        Nov 15, The Soviet Union launched its first space shuttle, Buran, on an unmanned, 3 1/2 hour flight. It was designed by Gleb Lozino-Lozinsky (d.2001 at 97). The Buran orbited Earth twice, landed, and never flew again. Russia built about a dozen shuttles, mostly test models, and later scrapped the program.
    (AP, 11/15/98)(SFC, 12/5/01, p.A23)(WSJ, 4/11/05, p.A18)

1989        Nov 15, Solidarity leader Lech Walesa was cheered by American lawmakers as he told a joint meeting of Congress that U.S. aid to Poland "will not be wasted, and will never be forgotten."
    (AP, 11/15/99)

1990        Nov 15, Pres. Bush signed the Clear Air Act of 1990.
    (www.epa.gov/history/topics/caa90/02.htm)
1990        Nov 15, The US Senate Ethics Committee began hearings on the "Keating Five," a group of senators accused of going too far in helping failed savings-and-loan owner Charles H. Keating Junior.
    (AP, 11/15/00)
1990        Nov 15, Milli Vanilli’s producer confirmed rumors the duo had not done any of the singing on their debut album, “Girl You Know It’s True."
    (AP, 11/15/00)
1990        Nov 15, The space shuttle “Atlantis" was launched on a secret military mission.
    (AP, 11/15/00)

1991        Nov 15, The 28-foot-tall “Free Stamp" by Claes Oldenburg was inaugurated in a small park in the heart of Cleveland.
    (Smith., Aug. 1995, p.80)
1991        Nov 15, A federal appeals panel threw out former National Security Adviser John M. Poindexter's felony convictions in the Iran-Contra affair, saying his immunized testimony to Congress was improperly used against him.
    (AP, 11/15/01)

1992        Nov 15, President-elect Clinton and his wife, Hillary, hosted a dinner in Little Rock, Ark., for Democratic congressional leaders in the first such meeting since the presidential election.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1993        Nov 15, The US State Department announced that Secretary Warren M. Christopher would travel to the Mideast to try to mediate differences between Israel and the PLO.
    (AP, 11/15/98)
1993        Nov 15, A judge in Mineola, N.Y., sentenced Joey Buttafuoco to six months in jail for the statutory rape of Amy Fisher, who is serving a prison sentence for shooting and wounding Buttafuoco's wife, Mary Jo.
    (AP, 11/15/98)

1994        Nov 15, The US Federal Reserve increased key interest rates by 0.75%, the largest hike in 13 years.
    (AP, 11/15/99)
1994        Nov 15, Helmut Kohl was elected German chancellor (341-340 votes).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmut_Kohl)
1994        Nov 15, The 18-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation group concluded a two-day summit in Indonesia by adopting a sweeping resolution to remove trade and investment barriers in the region by 2020.
    (AP, 11/15/99)

1995        Nov 15, On the 2nd day of a government shutdown Monica Lewinsky and Pres. Clinton began a sexual relationship at the White House. The relationship lasted about 18 months.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A3)(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1995        Nov 15, The space shuttle “Atlantis" docked with the orbiting Russian space station “Mir."
    (AP, 11/15/00)

1996        Nov 15, Singer Michael Jackson married the woman carrying his baby -- his plastic surgeon's nurse, Debbie Rowe -- in a ceremony in Sydney, Australia. Their first child was born Feb 13, 1997 and named Prince. A girl named Paris was born Apr 3, 1998. Rowe filed for divorce in 1999.
    (SFC, 4/4/98, p.A7)(AP, 11/15/01)
1996        Nov 15, Texaco Corp. agreed to pay [$176.1] $176.9 million dollars to settle a two-year-old race discrimination suit.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A11)(AP, 11/15/97)
1996        Nov 15, Miami black commissioner, Miller Dawkins, pleaded guilty to bribery, corruption and conspiracy in attempting to shake down Unisys Corp. for $200,000. The case was opened under the FBI Operation Greenpalm. Also indicted was Cesar Odio, former city manager, who tried to skim funds from a city insurance contract. It was also uncovered that the city was $68 million in the red. Odio pleaded guilty in 1997.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A6)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A3)
1996        Nov 15, In San Francisco a Vietnamese gang leader, Conga Tran, and his lawyer, Dennis Natali, were shot to death in separate incidents. Tran had been cooperating with federal investigators. A 17-year-old was charged with the slaying. Police contended that Man Leung Yu gave the orders for the killing. In 1997 it was reported that Natali collected money extorted from massage parlors.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 1/10/96, p.A23)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.A1)
1996        Nov 15, Former State Department official Alger Hiss, who fell from grace in a Communist spy scandal, died in New York four days after his 92nd birthday. In 1999 his son published "The View From Alger's Window," a personal remembrance of his father. In 2004 G. Edward White authored "Alger Hiss's Looking-Glass Wars."
    (AP, 11/15/97)(WSJ, 6/24/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 3/19/04, p.W12)
1996        Nov 15, In the Philippines tropical storm Ernie ravaged 14 provinces and killed 16 people.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.E4)

1997        Nov 15, A day after moving to halt the import of modified assault weapons, President Clinton defended the action in his weekly radio address, saying such weapons did nothing but "inspire fear and wreck deadly havoc on our streets."
    (AP, 11/15/98)
1997        Nov 15, Washington University announced that the Danforth Foundation, headed by former Sen. John Danforth, had pledged a gift of $100 million to be delivered over 5 years.
    (SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A11)
1997        Nov 15, Parliamentary elections were scheduled under supervision by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 15, In Burma the 21-member SLORC was dissolved and a new State Peace and Development Council headed by 4 top generals and commanders of various regions was established.
    (SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A27)
1997        Nov 15, This was the original scheduled date for the damming of the Yangtze River in China. About 1.2 million people were to be moved due to the rising waters. The flooded area provides 40% of China’s grain and 70% of its rice crops.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, p.A14)
1997        Nov 15, In Ethiopia it was reported that storms over the past three weeks have killed at least 1000 people here and in Somalia and left some 100,000 families displaced and in competition with crocodiles and hippos for dry land. The overflowing Juba and the Shabelle Rivers originate in Ethiopia. The Juba had become 8 miles wide at some points.
    (SFC, 11/15/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A27)
1997        Nov 15, In Israel 8-year-old Ali Jawarish died 4 days after he was shot in the head by an Israeli soldier in Bethlehem during a stone-throwing demonstration at the Jewish shrine of Rachel’s Tomb.
    (SFC, 11/17/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 15, In Morocco elections results split the new legislature into 3 near identical blocks after a voter turnout of only 58.3 %. King Hassan II was expected to pick a prime minister in consultation with the parties in Jan.
    (SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A21)

1998        Nov 15, Kwame Ture, the civil rights activist formerly known as Stokely Carmichael, died in Guinea at age 57.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A7)(AP, 11/15/99)
1998        Nov 15, Nauru and Niue registered to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There remained 3 years worth of phosphate to be mined on Nauru which grappled with 3 major crises: rising water from world-wide global warming, a 3rd year of draught, and a $100 million investment fund that was put into the Asian real-estate market.
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.B7C)
1998        Nov 15, In Russia Yuri Luzhkov, mayor of Moscow, said he would form his own political movement called Fatherland, with free market principles and a strong state sector in the economy.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A7)
1998        Nov 15, In Sierra Leone rebels attacked a village on the northern border and killed 16 people with guns and machetes. Another 50 were abducted.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A13)

1999        Nov 15, The Clinton administration claimed victory in a seven-year struggle to persuade Congress to pay nearly $1 billion in back dues to the United Nations, saying restrictions in the deal on backing for international family planning would have no practical effect.
    (AP, 11/15/00)
1999        Nov 15, A federal judge blocked the San Francisco voter approved ATM initiative to prohibit banks from charging fees to noncustomers.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 15, In Afghanistan protestors burned a UN office to the ground in anger over sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 15, In Angola the armed forces reported that Jonas Savimbi and his UNITA forces were dislodged from their highland strongholds.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 15, In Beijing, China, US and Chinese trade negotiators agreed to a pact for China to join the WTO. Charlene Barshefsky and Shi Guangsheng reached a deal that was similar to the one the US rejected in April. Details of the plan were made public Mar 14, 2000.
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A1,2)(SFC, 3/15/00, p.A3)
1999        Nov 15, In India at least 18 people were reported killed in Panchabatin village in the state of Tripura by separatist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 15, In Japan a $95 million MTSAT satellite on an H-2 rocket was aborted after takeoff from the Tanegashima Space Center. A launch in Feb. had also failed.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 15, In Nigeria fighting began in the city of Warri in a dispute over the distribution of pipes donated by Dutch Oil. At least 40 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 15, In Russia the finance minister announced that he would request the Western commercial banks to cancel $12 billion in Soviet-era debt and reschedule another $18 billion in exchange.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999        Nov 15, In Turkey Pres. Clinton addressed the parliament and stressed his support for candidate membership status to the EU.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.A12)

2000        Nov 15, Al Gore made a surprise proposal for a statewide hand recount of Florida's 6 million ballots - an idea immediately rejected by George W. Bush. Earlier, Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris had rejected requests from 4 counties to update presidential vote totals with the results of hand recounts under way at Gore's urging.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/15/01)
2000        Nov 15, The US government announced a plan to use the gnat-like phorid fly to control fire ants.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A3)
2000        Nov 15, The Gordon E. and Betty I. Moore Foundation donated $5 billion for a charitable foundation to underwrite scientific research, environmental protection and higher education projects.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 15, In Angola an Antonov 24 airplane crashed near Luanda Int’l. Airport and 39-40 people were killed. All Antonovs were ordered grounded in Sept.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 11/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 15, In Egypt election results were released. The National Democratic Party of Hosmi Mubarak won 388 of the legislature’s 444 (448) elected seats. 12 people died in the elections and irregularities were charged. 17 seats went to independents allied with the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/16/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/21/01, p.A16)
2000        Nov 15, In India the state of Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar state.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jharkhand)
2000        Nov 15, On Palestinian Independence Day many processions turned into clashes with Israeli forces and 8 Palestinians were killed. Israeli troops entered 3 Palestinian villages and captured 15 men suspected in recent shootings.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)

2001        Nov 15, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin failed to resolve their dispute over U.S. missile shield plans but pledged to fight terrorism and deepen U.S.-Russian ties as their summit, which began at the White House then shifted to Bush's Texas ranch, came to a close.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2001        Nov 15, The US House and Senate agreed to make airport screeners federal employees within a year.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 15, Investigators in Florida said anthrax was found throughout the 68,000-square-foot America Media building in Boca Raton, where the 1st case was identified.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 15, The Philip Morris tobacco company announced a name change to Altria Group.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 15, United Airlines announced that it would put stun guns into the cockpits of each of its 500 planes.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A14)
2001        Nov 15, Day 40 of the attack on Afghanistan: Osama bin Laden’s Brigade 055 dispersed into the mountains of Afghanistan. US planes struck Taliban positions outside Kunduz, where as many as 20,000 Taliban fighters gathered. Kandahar went under siege by opposition forces. Jalalabad was reported to be under Yunis Khalis of the Northern Alliance. Mullah Omar in a BBC radio interview warned of a larger strategy: the “destruction of America."
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A1,9)(SFC, 11/17/01, p.A4)
2001        cNov 15, Two al-Qaeda computers were acquired by a Wall Street journalist in Kabul for $1,100 following US bombing. They were found to contain over 1,750 text and video files of al Qaeda activities including weapons programs. One file contained the names of 170 al Qaeda members.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/16/02, p.A1)
2001        Nov 15, Israeli troops raided a Gaza Strip refugee camp and a West Bank village. One Palestinian was killed and 14 were wounded.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.A23)
2001        Nov 15, In Zimbabwe Peace Corp workers were recalled after the government refused to issue permits for new volunteers.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A1)

2002        Nov 15, The FBI warned that al-Qaida may be planning a "spectacular" terrorist attack intended to damage the U.S. economy and inflict large-scale casualties.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 15, US aircraft exchanged fire with Iraqi ground forces near An Najaf, about 85 miles south of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 11/16/02, p.A6)
2002        Nov 15, Hu Jintao replaced Jiang Zemin as China's Communist Party leader.
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2002        Nov 15, In Colombia Bishop Jorge Enrique Jimenez and Rev. Desiderio Orjuela were freed by army troops in a gunbattle that left one rebel captor dead and 2 captured.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 15, Latin American leaders gathered in Bavaro, Dominican Republic, for the 12th annual Ibero-American Summit to discuss ways to ease poverty, fight drug trafficking and heal internal strife.
    (AP, 11/15/02)
2002        Nov 15, Palestinian militants raked Israeli troops and settlers with gunfire in an ambush, killing 12 Israelis in Hebron.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2003        Nov 15, In Louisiana Democratic Lt. Gov. Kathleen Blanco (60) defeated conservative Indian-American Bobby Jindal with 52 percent of the vote in a runoff election.
    (AP, 11/16/03)
2003        Nov 15, Dorothy Loudon (70), actress, died.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2003        Nov 15, Laurence Tisch (80), NY billionaire, died at NYU Medical Center. He and his brother Preston Robert gained control of Loews movie house chain in 1960 and developed the business into a conglomerate of hotels, insurance, cigarette manufacturers, movie theaters, oil tankers and watch making that served as a vehicle for other investments.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A29)
2003        Nov 15, In Colombia suspected FARC rebels threw grenades at two crowded bars in Bogota’s "Zona Rosa," or Pink Zone nightclub district, injuring at least 42 people. In 2004 Arturo Montano (26) was convicted of terrorism by Bogota's 5th Penal Court for the attacks.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Nov 15, In St. Nazaire, France, a gangway to the Queen Mary 2, the world's largest passenger ship, collapsed as people were boarding killing 15 people and injuring 29 others. One of the injured died in 2005. The victims were family members visiting workers involved in construction of the nearly finished, 21-story-tall ocean liner. In 2008 a French court ordered Chantiers de l'Atlantique, builder of the ship, and Endel, builder of the walkway, to pay $13.8 million in damages for their roles in the deadly accident.
    (AP, 11/15/03)(AP, 11/16/03)(AP, 2/12/08)
2003        Nov 15, The Iraqi Governing Council and the US-led occupation administration in Iraq signed an agreement to speed up the transfer of power to the IGC by July, 2004, after a transitional government is selected and assumes sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/15/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Nov 15, Two US Army Black Hawk helicopters collided under fire and crashed in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least 17 soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 15, In Iraq insurgents and looters overran US bases in Samara when soldiers left in an effort to let Iraqis handle security.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 15, Japanese officials told Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld they were confident their country would not be left vulnerable by any agreements between the US and North Korea. They also indicated they would like to send troops to Iraq "as soon as possible."
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2003        Nov 15, Mohamed Choukri (68), a Moroccan writer whose tales about his experiences with drugs and homosexuality were banned at home, died in Tangiers. His best-known work, "For Bread Alone" (1981), was published in Paris and told of his difficult adolescence.
    (AP, 11/16/03)
2003        Nov 15, In Nepal a roadside bomb believed planted by rebels killed a brigadier general and three soldiers.
    (AP, 11/15/03)
2003        Nov 15, In Turkey twin car bombs exploded outside Istanbul synagogues filled with worshippers during Sabbath prayers, killing at least 23 people and wounding more than 300. In all 14 Muslims were killed. 6 Jews were killed at Beth Israel.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)

2004        Nov 15, The Bush administration announced that it intended to negotiate trade agreements with Oman and the UAR.
    (Econ, 11/20/04, p.78)
2004        Nov 15, Energy Sec. Spencer Abraham announced his departure as did Agricultural Sec. Ann Veneman and Education Sec. Rod Paige.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 15, US Congressional investigators said Saddam Hussein’s regime made over $21.3 billion in illegal revenue by subverting the oil for food program. This was more than double the previous estimates.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A9)
2004        Nov 15, Top CIA officials, Stephen Kappes and Michael Sulick announced their resignations after reported disputes with new Director Peter J. Goss.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 15, New Jersey Gov. James E. McGreevey stepped down from office amid rumors of that he was about to be sued for sexual harassment. Senate Pres. Richard Codey, also a Democrat, served out the final year of McGreevy’s term. McGreevey left office three months after admitting that he had had an extramarital affair with his homeland security advisor, Golan Cipel. Upon publicly revealing his homosexuality on August 12, 2004, McGreevey became the first and, to date, the only openly gay state governor in United States history.
    (SFC, 11/9/04, p.A2)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.27)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McGreevey)
2004        Nov 15, In Las Vegas 43 members of “Havana Night Club" revue, a Cuban dance troupe, asked for asylum. In 2005 the US granted asylum to 49 members of the troupe.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A2)(SFC, 7/22/05, p.A8)
2004        Nov 15, China’s state media reported that shortages of coal and electricity are expected this winter.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 15, The Bank of France cut its 2004 economic growth forecast, placing further pressure on the government's budget plans as high oil prices and a weak dollar weigh on France's outlook.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 15, France concluded its evacuation efforts in Ivory Coast, where 5,000 Westerners fled a renewed civil war.
    (WSJ, 11/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 15, The UN atomic watchdog agency gave its support to Iran's agreement to suspend all uranium enrichment activities.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 15, Fierce battles between insurgents and US and Iraqi forces killed at least 16 people in Baqouba. Sgt. Rafael Peralta allegedly smothered a grenade to save the lives of other Marines during an exchange of fire in Fallujah.
    (AP, 11/15/04)(SFC, 3/7/12, p.A10)
2004        Nov 15, Israel offered its first indication it was reassessing relations with the Palestinians after Yasser Arafat's death, suggesting it might coordinate a planned withdrawal from the Gaza Strip if the Palestinian Authority cracks down on militant groups.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 15, Macedonia’s PM Hari Kostov resigned over disagreements with ethnic Albanian coalition partners.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 15, Mexico's former ruling party, trying to fight its way back to the presidency, overwhelmingly won two gubernatorial elections and held razor-thin leads in two other races.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
2004        Nov 15, Nigeria ordered immediate cuts in domestic fuel prices, trying to avert a looming general strike.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 15, Nigeria's main labor union indefinitely suspended a looming countrywide strike that had threatened to shut down the oil industry.
    (AP, 11/15/04)
2004        Nov 15, Interim Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, has asked Palestinian militants to halt violence during the campaign for Jan. 9 presidential elections.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
2004        Nov 15, In Peru the first public trial of Shining Path rebel leader Abimael Guzman fell apart as the 2nd of the 3 presiding judges stepped down citing a conflict of interest.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
2004        Nov 15, The UN Security Council imposed an immediate arms embargo on Ivory Coast's hard-line government.
    (AP, 11/16/04)

2005        Nov 15, US President George W. Bush has arrived in Japan to start a week-long trip to Asia, seeking progress on the North Korean nuclear crisis and looking to press China for political and economic reforms.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed into law his All Kids program, a plan to extend comprehensive health care to every child in the state, making it the 1st state to try anything like it.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.33)(http://tinyurl.com/9uu5p)
2005        Nov 15, The US Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. disclosed in an annual report that as of Sep. 30 it had $56.5 billion in assets to cover $79.2 billion in pension liabilities.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.C3)
2005        Nov 15, The FBI arrested Candice R. Martinez, a 19-year-old woman, suspected of robbing four Virginia banks while apparently talking on her cell phone.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, SF city supervisors passed new laws requiring spaying and neutering of pit bulls, five months after the fatal mauling of a 12-year-old boy by his family's pit bulls. They also approved the city’s first-ever medical marijuana regulations.
    (AP, 11/16/05)(SFC, 11/16/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 15, The US government declared the Puget Sound orcas an endangered species.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 15, At the CMA Awards, Lee Ann Womack won three trophies, including album of the year for "There's More Where That Came From."
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2005        Nov 15, Albert Pujols of the St. Louis Cardinals won the National League MVP award.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2005        Nov 15, US Major League baseball owners and players agreed to tougher policy aimed at curbing the use of performance-enhancing drugs.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 15, The Mega Millions lottery reached $315 million and was won by a group of 7 employees at the Kaiser Permanente medical center at Garden Grove, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.B6)
2005        Nov 15, Montana, after a 14-year hiatus, re-opened a hunting season on bison drifting across the northern border of Yellowstone National Park.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.40)
2005        Nov 15, Nearly 3 dozen tornadoes hit Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri and Tennessee destroying dozens of homes and killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 15, A bomb exploded near US and Afghan troops as they patrolled in volatile eastern Afghanistan, killing a U.S. soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Afghanistan air strikes killed three al-Qaida suspects in Kunar province.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 15, Hundreds of thousands of workers staged what unionists called the biggest protest in Australia's history against PM John Howard's proposed labor reforms.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Andre Boisclair (39) defeated Pauline Marois, the former Quebec deputy premier, to lead Parti Quebecois 54% to 31%.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.42)
2005        Nov 15, Jose Bove, a militant French farmer best known for ransacking a half-built McDonald's, was sentenced to four months in prison for destroying a field of genetically modified corn planted by an American seed company in southern France.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Guatemala police found five packages of cocaine and thousands of dollars in cash in the office of Adam Castillo, the country’s top anti-drug cop, shortly after he was lured to America and arrested on charges of conspiring to ship cocaine into the US. Deputies Jorge Aguilar Garcia and Rubilio Palacios were arrested with Castillo.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Haiti UN peacekeepers and gang members traded gunfire in the volatile Cite Soleil slum of the Haitian capital, leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Iraq’s PM Ibrahim al-Jaafari said more than 170 malnourished Iraqi detainees found at an Interior Ministry detention center appear to have been tortured. The Interior Ministry is controlled by Shiites. Sunni leaders have accused Shiite-dominated security forces of detaining, torturing and killing hundreds of Sunnis simply because of their religious affiliation.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Iraqi and US forces fighting insurgents near the Syrian border ran into fierce resistance, with troops encountering dozens of explosive booby traps and killing at least 30 insurgents.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Japanese Princess Sayako (36), the emperor's only daughter, quit the world's oldest monarchy and married Yoshiki Kuroda, a 40-year-old urban planner.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Prodded by US Sec. of State Condoleezza Rice, Israel and the Palestinians agreed on details for opening the borders of the Gaza Strip and allowing freer movement for Palestinians elsewhere.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon's eldest son pleaded guilty to illegal fund-raising charges stemming from his father's 1999 election campaign.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15-2005 Nov 16, Italian authorities arrested three Algerians believed to have links to an Algerian militant group that has allied itself with Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 15, Jordan introduced strict security measures aimed at foreigners and said it was drafting the country's first anti-terror specific legislation to prevent further attacks like last week's the triple hotel bombings. 11 top officials resigned including Jordan’s national security adviser.
    (AP, 11/15/05)(SFC, 11/16/05, p.A19)
2005        Nov 15, A US Embassy official said a 4th American has died from wounds sustained in last week's triple hotel bombings in the Jordanian capital.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 15, In northwest Mexico a tanker truck hauling toxic ammonium chloride slammed into a passenger bus, killing 38 people as both vehicles plunged down an embankment.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 15, Data was published indicating that Mosquitrix, an experimental vaccine against malaria given to children in Mozambique in 2003, had cut clinical cases by 35%. The vaccine was developed GlaxoSmithKline of Belgium.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.85)
2005        Nov 15, In southern Pakistan a powerful car bomb exploded outside a KFC restaurant, setting off a massive fireball that overturned cars and shattered steel and glass. 3 people were killed and 22 injured.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In Russia an explosion ripped through a police dormitory in St. Petersburg, killing a retired police officer.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, The Serbian government unanimously adopted a resolution rejecting independence for Kosovo in UN-mediated talks on the future of the breakaway province expected to begin next month.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, In South Korea 2 farmers were killed during a protest in Seoul ahead of WTO meetings. The farmers were angry over moves to further open the country's rice market.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2006        Nov 15, President Bush, on his way to Asia for an eight-day trip and Pacific Rim meeting, paid a quick call on President Vladimir Putin. The two presidents discussed the Iranian nuclear program, the situation in the Middle East and nuclear nonproliferation. Bush and confirmed that they plan to sign a bilateral deal next week for Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
    (AP, 11/15/06)(Reuters, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, The US postmaster general announced that stamps featuring notable persons can now be issued 5 years after their death rather than the current 10 year policy.
    (WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, Jack Abramoff, former Washington lobbyist, began serving a 6-year sentence in Maryland for a fraudulent Florida casino deal. He still faced sentencing in a Capitol Hill corruption case.
    (SFC, 11/16/06, p.A10)
2006        Nov 15, O.J. Simpson caused an uproar with plans for a TV interview and book titled "If I Did It," in which Simpson describes how he would have committed the 1994 slayings of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2006         Nov 15, One of four US soldiers accused of raping a 14-year-old Iraqi girl and killing her and her family pleaded guilty at Fort Campbell, Ky. Spec. James P. Barker, who agreed to testify against the others, was later sentenced to 90 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2006        Nov 15, Emmitt Smith was named winner of ABC's "Dancing with the Stars" with his professional dance partner, Cheryl Burke.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2006        Nov 15, US Airways Group Inc. made an $8 billion cash and stock bid for Delta Air Lines Inc., a deal that would create one of the world's largest carriers. The move came despite Delta's repeated statements it isn't interested in a merger.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Researchers said heart valves were grown from stem cells filtered from amniotic fluid.
    (WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, Researchers, who sequenced DNA from the leg bone of a Neanderthal man who died 38,000 years ago, said it shows the Neanderthals are truly distant relatives of modern humans who interbred rarely, if at all, with our own immediate ancestors. They concluded that Neanderthals and humans are likely to be 99.5% identical, genetically speaking.
    (Reuters, 11/15/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.84)
2006        Nov 15, Al-Jazeera launched an English-language news channel available in more than 80 million homes but lacking major U.S. distribution.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Algeria agreed to repay ahead of schedule its total debt to Germany, 372 million dollars, due to the oil-rich country's surge in revenues. Algeria will invest 70% of the saved interest, about 67 million dollars, 52 million euros, through 2011, in a water supply project for the western city of Tlemcen and the Maghnia-Ghazaouet region.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, In Bulgaria Bozhidar Doychev, the director of the department responsible for communist-era archives, was found dead at his desk, shot with his own gun. Lawmakers had recently voted to open the archives.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.74)(www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread234270/pg)
2006        Nov 15, Peter Roberts, English campaigner for animal welfare, died. He believed that the best way top secure better treatment for animals would be to have them reclassified as sentient beings. This was enshrined in a protocol to the 1997 treaty of Amsterdam. 
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.88)
2006        Nov 15, China said that it and India must make "mutual compromises" on the "disputed" issue of Arunachal Pradesh, and that it was ready to do so.
    (www.hindu.com/2006/11/16/stories/2006111605831200.htm)
2006        Nov 15, In Congo incumbent Joseph Kabila was declared winner of historic presidential elections. The electoral commission gave Kabila 58% of the vote against 42% for Bemba. Former rebel leader Jean-Pierre Bemba, vowed to contest the count. Kabila lost to Bemba in 6 out of 11 provinces.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.49)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.43)
2006        Nov 15, Eritrean President Issaias Afeworki said the simmering border row between arch-foes Eritrea and Ethiopia is a "solved problem."
    (AFP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Over 200 German police raided more than 30 offices of the engineering and electronics giant Siemens as well as the apartments of some of its top managers in a huge embezzlement probe. The company was cooperating fully with the investigation.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 12/27/07, p.A4)
2006        Nov 15, In Iraq sectarian violence left 105 Iraqis dead, including two journalists. Officials said about 70 of the people abducted in a brazen raid on the offices of the Higher Education Ministry have been released. Ministry spokesman Basil al-Khatib said 40 employees were released yesterday and another 32 were freed today. A car bomb exploded in a parking lot in central Baghdad, killing eight people and wounding 32. A US soldier died in action in Diyala province.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, A fleet of Japanese whalers set sail for an annual hunt in the Antarctic, where they hope to kill 860 whales for a research program that has been heavily criticized by environmentalists and some other nations.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi received assurances from German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier that Berlin would work to bolster ties with Tripoli when it assumes the EU presidency next year.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Aides to former leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said he will seek contributions from ordinary Mexicans to support a parallel, "legitimate" administration he declared after losing the July 2 elections to President-elect Felipe Calderon by a razor-thin margin.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, In Nigeria 11 armed men attacked a southern oil facility owned by a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell PLC Wednesday, leaving two attackers dead.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, Pakistani lawmakers approved a women's rights bill amending harsh Islamic laws on rape and adultery, despite fierce opposition from hardliners who said the change would promote "free sex."
2006        Nov 15, Pakistan's foreign secretary said India and Pakistan have agreed on measures to combat terrorism and prevent an accidental nuclear conflict in South Asia at the first peace talks since a terrorist attack on Mumbai's train network in July.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Two Palestinian lawmakers from the Islamist group Hamas crossed the Egyptian border into Gaza with more than $4 million in cash, bypassing a Western ban on bank transfers to the Palestinian Authority. A Palestinian rocket fired from Gaza exploded near the home of Israel's defense minister, killing one woman and raising the prospect of a new Israeli military offensive against militant rocket squads.
    (Reuters, 11/15/06)(AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, In the Philippines Gregorio “Gringo" Honasan," a coup-fomenting former army colonel, and senator were arrested after a house-to-house chase on charges of involvement in a February plot to overthrow the president.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(SFC, 11/15/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 15, A court in Palermo, Sicily, convicted 46 deputies, confidants and helpers of jailed Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano, many of whom helped the former fugitive evade capture, and sentenced them to terms of up to 18 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, In southern Thailand suspected Islamic militants over the last 2 days shot dead three people in separate drive-by shootings, while one soldier was hurt in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 11/15/06)
2006        Nov 15, Turkey suspended military relations with France in a dispute over whether the mass killings of Armenians early in the last century amounted to genocide.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 15, A UN report identified 10 African and Arab countries, as well as Lebanon’s Hezbollah, as arms suppliers to the Islamic militia in Somalia.
    (WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 15, In Vietnam envoys meeting on the sidelines of an Asia-Pacific economic summit, tried to cobble together a united strategy for upcoming talks aimed at convincing North Korea to drop its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/15/06)

2007        Nov 15, During a feisty Democratic debate in Las Vegas, Hillary Rodham Clinton accused her closest rivals, Barack Obama and John Edwards, of slinging mud "right out of the Republican playbook" and sharply criticized their records.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2007        Nov 15, Berkeley poet Robert Haas won the National Book Award for his recent collection “Time and Materials."
    (SFC, 11/16/07, p.A2)
2007        Nov 15, Barry Bonds, former SF Giant, was indicted on 4 counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice related to a December, 2003, grand jury investigation on the BALCO steroid ring. A revamped indictment was unsealed last May.
    (SFC, 11/16/07, p.A1)(AP, 11/15/08)
2007        Nov 15, Actress Lindsay Lohan completed her jail sentence for drunken driving in a swift 84 minutes.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2007        Nov 15, Taliban insurgents in Paktia province killed an Afghan man teaching English courses, sparking a clash that left two suspected militants and two policemen dead. The bodies of 20 Taliban were found on the battlefield following a clash in the south-central province of Uruzgan. Two policemen were killed in the three hours of fighting there, which also involved international troops.
    (AP, 11/15/07)(AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 15, Greenpeace protesters stormed an Australian power plant after a US report condemned Australian electricity plants as some of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gases. 15 protesters were arrested after they chained themselves to conveyor belts at the Munmorah power plant on the central coast of New South Wales state.
    (AFP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Ten of thousands of coastal villagers took shelter inland as a cyclone rapidly approached Bangladesh's southwestern shores, spawning cold drizzles, strong winds and high waves. Tropical Cyclone Sidr killed at least 3,200 people and left millions homeless.
    (AP, 11/15/07)(AP, 11/19/07)(AP, 11/15/08)
2007        Nov 15, Two Americans who deserted the US Army to protest against the war in Iraq lost their bid for refugee status in Canada, and the Canadian government made it clear they were no longer welcome.
    (Reuters, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Congo and the London Club of private creditors reached a deal to cancel 80% of the central African country's estimated 2.5-billion-dollar debt.
    (AFP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Gen. Sergio del Valle Jimenez, a doctor in Fidel Castro's rebel army in the late 1950s and army chief of staff during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, died.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 15, Transport workers shut down most rail traffic in France for a 2nd day, frustrating passengers forced to postpone trips and Parisians who had to walk, bike or skate to work.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Georgia’s parliament lifted the country’s state of emergency imposed last week by Pres. Saakashvili.
    (WSJ, 11/16/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 15, A suicide bomber rammed his car into a police patrol in Kirkuk, killing six people and wounding more than 20.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Royal Dutch Shell said a major pipeline feeding one of its two main oil export terminals in southern Nigeria was attacked and ruptured by unknown assailants.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Officials said Pakistani troops have launched a counter-offensive against pro-Taliban militants in the northwest, pushing them back into forests and mountains.
    (AFP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called for the overthrow of Gaza's Islamic Hamas rulers. Hundreds of Palestinian business people and professionals, led by an influential billionaire, launched a new political movement, reflecting growing disillusionment with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party.
    (AP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, The Philippine government reached an agreement with the country's main Islamic separatist group on carving out boundaries for a Muslim homeland in the conflict-ridden south. In Manila 3 suspects were killed and three arrested as police raided an Islamic militant hideout near the Philippines legislature.
    (AP, 11/15/07)(AFP, 11/15/07)
2007        Nov 15, Sergei Storchak, one of Russia’s top authorities on international financial relations, was detained. Investigators on Nov 19 revealed details in the arrest of the deputy finance minister who allegedly tried to embezzle $43 million in budget funds.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 15, A top Russian general said that Russia has completed its withdrawal of troops that had been based in Georgia since the Soviet collapse. He said peacekeepers remained in Abkhazia along with forces in South Ossetia with the participation of Georgia.
    (AP, 11/14/07)
2007        Nov 15, A Tunisian court convicted a former prisoner at the US prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on terror charges. Abdullah Bin Omar, a Tunisian citizen who spent five years at the detention facility in Cuba, was released in June.
    (AP, 11/14/07)
2007        Nov 15, In Uzbekistan the body of Takhir Nurmukhammedov (42) was delivered to his family and it was clear he had been brutally tortured. Nurmukhammedov was arrested in April 2002 and convicted of membership in Hizb-ut Tahrir, a banned Islamic sect, and of plotting to overthrow the government. He was sentenced to eight years in prison.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 15, President Robert Mugabe commissioned the first biodiesel production plant in oil-starved Zimbabwe, vowing that the country would "never collapse."
    (AP, 11/15/07)

2008        Nov 15, G20 leaders ended a 2-day economic summit in Washington. They released a joint communique covering eight pages and 47 action items, with an overarching focus to establish a series of new safeguards for the fragile and opaque global financial system.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 15, In southern California the Triangle Complex broke out in Corona and Orange counties. The fire soon covered 10,475 acres and damaged or destroyed 119 residences.
    (SFC, 11/17/08, p.A9)
2008        Nov 15, In North Carolina tornadoes killed 2 people.
    (SSFC, 11/16/08, p.A2)
2008        Nov 15, In Afghanistan police thwarted a suicide attack in the eastern city of Khost. Officers surrounded a suspect, who was on foot, and the man detonated the explosives on his body. The would-be attacker died, but no one else was injured. Also in Khost province, coalition and Afghan troops detained a militant leader of the network led by the Afghan insurgent leader Jalaluddin Haqqani. Coalition forces accidentally killed a civilian during a clash with insurgents in Zabul province. The civilian was killed when a grenade fired by coalition forces overshot its target. 30 insurgents were killed during a clash with US-led coalition troops in Helmand province. In eastern Paktia province's Zurmat district coalition troops killed five al-Qaida-associated insurgents and nabbed eight, including a militant leader accused of helping the Taliban move and train Arab and other foreign fighters into Afghanistan. Colour Sergeant Krishnabahadur Dura (36), from 2nd Battalion the Royal Gurkha Rifles, was killed after an explosion in the Musa Qala district of Helmand Province.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/17/08)
2008        Nov 15, In the West African nation Burkina Faso a collision between a passenger bus and a truck killed more than 60 people.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, In eastern China a subway tunnel under construction collapsed in Hangzhou, trapping workers and creating a huge crater into which more than 10 vehicles plunged. At least 7 people died and 14 were missing.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/17/08)
2008        Nov 15, The government of Ecuador delayed a $30.6 million interest payment on part of its debt of $10 billion, which amounted to 21% of GDP. A committee soon reported evidence of malfeasance on debt contracts issued between 1976 and 2006.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.44)
2008        Nov 15, A Georgian policeman was shot dead by a group of armed Abkhazians. The group was said to have entered Georgian-controlled territory to plant land mines. Abkhazian presidential envoy Ruslan Kishmariya said police from the separatist side killed one and wounded two Georgian "saboteurs" in the tense Gali district.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, A senior aide to PM Nouri al-Maliki said US and Iraqi negotiators have agreed on a draft of a security pact that would allow American troops to stay in Iraq for three more years after their UN mandate expires Dec. 31. A suicide car bomber struck a commercial district in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing 10 people and wounding 20. In Baghdad a car bomb parked near the National Theater exploded in the mainly Shiite district of Karradah, killing at least five people and wounding 23. An American Marine died from wounds suffered in a roadside bombing west of Baghdad a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, In Mexico more than 1,500 demonstrators marched through the violence-plagued border city of Tijuana to protest the current of killings and kidnappings. Two people were shot to death at a Tijuana taco restaurant. 4 men and a woman were shot to death at a pool hall. A girl (14) and two men were shot down in a Tijuana street just before midnight.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 15, An official said Pakistan has agreed to borrow $7.6 billion from the International Monetary Fund to avoid adding an economic crisis to its struggle against Islamic militants. Helicopter gunships, backed by artillery, began pounding suspected insurgent hideouts in Mohmand tribal area.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 15, Gazans seeking food aid walked away empty-handed from locked United Nations distribution centers after a strict Israeli border closure depleted UN food reserves.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, In southwestern Romania two explosions in a coal mine killed eight miners and four emergency workers.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, In Somalia fighters of al-Shabab took control of the port town of Barawe without a fight after the government's allies left as soon as they heard the fighters were on their way.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, Gunmen hijacked a freighter with 23 crew off the coast of Somalia. The crew of the Japanese-owned Chemstar Venus consisted of five South Koreans and 18 Filipinos. Somali pirates hijacked the Sirius Star, a newly commissioned supertanker, more than 450 nautical miles southeast of Mombasa, Kenya, along with its 25-member crew. The ship, owned by Saudi oil company Aramco, was capable of carrying about 2 million barrels of oil. The ship was released on Jan 9, 2009.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/17/08)(AP, 1/9/09)
2008        Nov 15, Sri Lanka's president asked Tamil Tigers to surrender after troops claimed re-taking Pooneryn, a strategically-important town from the separatists, following months of heavy fighting. Army troops destroyed 16 rebel bunkers in the Mullaitivu district and fought a series of battles in the rebel stronghold of Kilinochchi, inflicting "heavy casualties" on the guerrillas.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 15, Mario Masuku (b.1951), Swaziland leader of the opposition People’s United Democratic Movement (Pudemo), was jailed.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Masuku)
2008        Nov 15, In Yemen a 16-year-old boy died when police fired at locals demonstrating at a voter registration center. The crowds were protesting the government's rejection of opposition attempts to amend the country's electoral law. Yemen's political parties have been preparing the amendment to the electoral law for the past year in an effort to bring more women into parliament, curb vote-rigging and limit the influence of government officials.
    (AP, 11/15/08)

2009        Nov 15, The Dungeness crab season opened of the California coast.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 15, In eastern Afghanistan hundreds of French and Afghan troops pushed into a hostile valley where militants launch quick attacks, then disappear into hillside villages. Separately in eastern province of Paktika, a joint NATO and Afghan force killed a group of militants while pursuing a commander tied to the militant network run by Jalaluddin Haqqani. A  British soldier was shot and killed while on foot patrol in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, British officials said PM Gordon Brown will apologize to thousands of British children who were shipped to new lives overseas, where many say they suffered neglect and abuse. Thousands of poor British children were sent to Australia, Canada and other former colonies under the Child Migrants Program, which ended in the 1960s. Many ended up in institutions or as farm laborers. The British government has estimated that a total of 150,000 British children may have been shipped abroad between 1618 — when a group was sent to the Virginia Colony — and 1967, most of them from the late 19th century onwards.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Dr. Brooke Magnanti (34), who works for The Bristol Initiative for Research of Child Health, revealed herself to be the woman behind the nom de plume "Belle de Jour," which is the title of a 1967 French film starring Catherine Deneuve. Magnanti kept a weblog of her antics in 2003-2004, which were turned into a best-selling book, "The Intimate Adventures of a London Call Girl." Her memoirs were adapted into a hit 16-episode television series "Secret Diary of a Call Girl," which starred Billie Piper and was screened in countries around the world.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Colombia DAS intelligence agency director Felipe Munoz said Ivan Danilo Alarcon, wanted for rebellion and drug trafficking, was detained by intelligence agents near a university in the city of Cali. Alarcon, who posed as a human rights activist, cried out that he was being kidnapped and 100 people surrounded and detained the agents for over an hour, threatened them with death and took their weapons and armored vests. They freed Alarcon from handcuffs, and he fled.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 15, An Egyptian judicial source said 2 Egyptian Christians, Rami Atef Khella and Raafat Khella, have been condemned to death for the murder of a Muslim man who married one of their relatives after she converted to Islam. Mariam Atef Khella and the couple's daughter Nur were wounded at the time of the attack more than a year ago.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Egypt’s information technology minister said Egypt will apply for the first Internet domain written in Arabic. The announcement was made at a conference grouping Yahoo's co-founder and others to discuss boosting online access in emerging nations.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, German Federal Criminal Police Office confirmed a Spiegel Online report that it had posted notices across Afghanistan warning that Jan Schneider (27), a Kazakhstan-born ethnic German, may plan attacks on German military or civilian institutions in Afghanistan. Authorities identified the German convert to Islam as an al-Qaida associate.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, India's Essar Group, and energy-to-steel conglomerate, said it has agreed to buy a majority stake in Dhabi Group's telecommunication businesses in African nations Uganda and Congo.
    (Reuters, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms abducted and killed 13 men and boys in the village of al-Saadan, a village west of Baghdad, in what some described as revenge against Sunnis who helped fight al-Qaida. Many of the victims were beheaded, while others were shot and mutilated.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 15, Italian police captured convicted mobster Domenico Raccuglia, one of Sicily’s top mafia fugitives, in an apartment near Trapani.
    (SFC, 11/16/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 15, Kosovo held its first elections since independence from Serbia, with some minority Serbs ignoring a call to boycott and casting ballots alongside ethnic Albanians. The voting ended peacefully, with the prime minister claiming his party won convincingly.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Amnesty Int’l. issued the report, "I Can't Believe in Justice Anymore." It said at least 46 people had been unlawfully killed by police in Mozambique since 2006. The report offered five detailed case studies, including that of dancer and choreographer Augusto Cuvilas, who had called police to his home because he feared he was being robbed, only to end up being killed by the officers from whom he had sought help.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Myanmar a ferry carrying nearly 200 passengers sank after colliding with an oil barge in the Ngawun River, killing at least 31 and leaving more than a dozen missing.
    (AP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 15, In northwestern Pakistan militants killed anti-Taliban elder Malik Sher Zaman in the Bajur tribal region. Several hours later, more than a dozen militants opened fire on the house of an anti-Taliban mayor outside the main northwestern city of Peshawar, but security guards repelled the attack, killing three of the assailants. The attacks were seen as part of an escalating campaign to weaken the country's resolve to fight Islamic extremism.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Paraguay 1,200 people escaped a fire that destroyed a supermarket on the outskirts of Asuncion, killing two people.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Serbian Orthodox Church Patriarch Pavle, born as Gojko Stojcevic (1914), died. He had called for peace and conciliation during the Balkan ethnic conflicts of the 1990s but failed to openly condemn Serb nationalism.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Singapore President Barack Obama said the United States and Russia would have a replacement treaty on reducing nuclear arms ready for approval by year's end, an announcement designed as an upbeat ending to a summit with Asia-Pacific leaders. Obama also attended a second summit with leaders of the 10 southeast Asian countries that make up the ASEAN group. Obama then arrived in Shanghai, launching a three-day visit to an important global US partner and his first travels ever in China.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Thailand thousands of demonstrators attended a protest by the royalist "Yellow Shirt" movement against a visit to Cambodia by their arch-foe, fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2010        Nov 15, A California woman, Nima Ali Yusuf (24), was charged with conspiring to provide money and people to a Somali terrorist group to help carry out killings in the African nation, according to a federal indictment unsealed today. She was the fourth person charged in the past month in San Diego with helping al-Shabab.
    (AP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, W. Howard Lester (b.1935), CEO emeritus of Williams-Sonoma Inc., died at his home in Indian Wells, California. He and a partner had purchased the company in 1978 and he served as chief executive from 1978 to 2001.
    (SFC, 11/17/10, p.A14)
2010        Nov 15, Afghanistan's government played down comments by President Hamid Karzai calling on the US military to scale back its operations and reduce its "intrusiveness" on everyday life in the country. Taliban leader Mullah Omar, rumored to be in Pakistan, said in a statement that reports of peace talks between militants and the Afghan government were "misleading rumors" and dismissed the coalition surge as ineffective.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, In China a fire engulfed a Shanghai high-rise building, killing 58 and injuring 70, as panicked residents fled and thick smoke spread over China's commercial hub. Police the next day detained 8 welders on suspicion of accidentally starting the fire. 3 government officials were later detained for allowing illegal construction activities at the site. In June, 2011, prosecutors charged 26 people with bribery and other crimes related to the fire.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)(SFC, 11/17/10, p.A3)(SFC, 12/25/10, p.A2)(AP, 6/25/11)
2010        Nov 15, In Germany a girl (14) was slain in Bodenfelde. On Nov 19 a boy (13) was slain nearby. On June 27, 2011, Jan O. (26), whose last name was withheld in accordance with German privacy laws, was convicted in Goettingen state court of two counts of murder for the slayings and sentenced to life in prison. Jan O., dubbed the "cannibal killer," had confessed to eating the flesh and drinking the blood of one of his teenage victims.
    (www.thelocal.de/society/20101127-31449.html)(AP, 6/27/11)
2010        Nov 15, Guinea’s National Independent Electoral Commission declared Alpha Conde the winner with 52.5% of the nearly 2.9 million ballots counted. Security forces arrested demonstrators and fired tear gas at those burning tires in the suburbs of Conakry. Over the next three days, security forces systematically attacked Peul communities, spraying populated areas with bullets. They burst into homes where they beat, slapped, stabbed and burned people.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(Reuters, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)(AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 15, Haiti's cholera toll rose above 900, including dozens of deaths in the teeming capital, as the epidemic showed no sign of abating just two weeks ahead of presidential elections. Anti-UN riots spread to several cities and towns, as protesters blaming a contingent of Nepalese peacekeepers for a deadly outbreak of cholera barricaded roads and exchanged gunfire with UN soldiers in clashes that lasted late into the night. Protests in Cap Haitien left at least 2 people dead.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)(AFP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 15, Indian police arrested two top former officials of the Delhi Commonwealth Games on charges of corruption. In New Delhi a five-story building pancaked, killing 67 people and injuring scores.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)(AP, 11/17/10)
2010        Nov 15, In Indonesia Gayus Tambunan (31) broke into tears when he admitted in a hearing at the South Jakarta District Court that yes, he was the wigged man captured by photographers at the international tennis match on Nov 5. Tambunan, a midlevel tax official with a salary of just $1,300 a month, was supposed to be in jail. He has been charged with pocketing at least $2.7 million from dozens of big companies to help them avoid paying taxes. 9 wardens have been arrested and face charges of accepting up to $40,000 from the tax official. Tambunan allegedly left the jail at least 60 times since his detention in April. On Jan 19, 2011, he was sentenced to seven years behind bars for corruption.
    (AP, 11/16/10)(AP, 1/19/11)
2010        Nov 15, Iran's foreign minister Manouchehr Mottaki said that the issue of an alleged Iranian arms shipment intercepted in Nigeria was a "misunderstanding" that has been settled.
    (AP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, In northern Iraq the Badoosh prison commander and his body guard were killed when twin car bombs detonated outside a residential complex housing prison guards and staff on the outskirts of Mosul. In downtown Baghdad an Iraqi policeman was killed when a roadside bomb struck a patrol, while four policemen were wounded when another roadside bomb detonated in eastern part of the capital. In the town of Qaim on the Syrian border some 340 km (210 miles) west of Baghdad, two people were killed and five others wounded by two roadside bombs, including one in a market. Gunmen in Mosul killed two Christians, in the latest assault on the country's dwindling Christian community.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 15, In Italy the political crisis engulfing Premier Silvio Berlusconi deepened with four members of the Cabinet quitting their jobs, a move that does not topple the government but further weakens the leader. Berlusconi stands accused of having an "uncontrollable sickness" when it comes to women, and of hosting "bunga-bunga" parties that culminate in sex.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(http://tinyurl.com/2anggqg)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.63)
2010        Nov 15, In northwest Pakistan a bomb exploded near the house of a slain anti-Taliban tribal elder Abdul Malik, killing two people and wounding three others. His son, Noor Malik, was getting in his car to leave the residence when the attack occurred, but he was not hurt.
    (AP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, In Palestinian Gaza Strip Hamas freed 80 prisoners on the eve of the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha. Over the past week, Hamas has ordered the release of 284 prisoners in the run-up the four-day festival.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, In Saudi Arabia nearly 3 million Muslims performing the annual hajj pilgrimage began making their way up the rocky desert Mount Arafat, chanting that they have come to answer God's call.
    (AP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, South Korea's government the number of North Koreans defecting to South Korea has surged in recent years because of economic suffering in the North, with more than 10,000 defections over the past three years.
    (AP, 11/15/10)
2010        Nov 15, In South Korea a 15-year-old boy committed suicide after killing his mother in a fight over Internet games.
    (AP, 11/16/10)

2011        Nov 15, In Berkeley, Ca., as many as 10,000 students and Occupy activists overflowed the UC Berkeley Sproul Plaza following a daylong classroom walkout. They established a small camp in defiance of the university’s edict that no tents be erected.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 15, In southern California an estimated 17 tons of marijuana were seized in the discovery of a cross-border tunnel linking warehouses in San Diego and Tijuana. Authorities said it was one of the most significant secret drug smuggling passages ever found on the US-Mexico border.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities said in a new report that Michigan is among just a handful of states raising taxes on low-income working families while cutting taxes for other groups.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, In NYC hundreds of police officers in riot gear raided Zuccotti Park, evicting dozens of Occupy Wall Street protesters from what has become the epicenter of the worldwide movement protesting corporate greed and economic inequality. Hours later, the National Lawyers Guild obtained a court order allowing Occupy Wall Street protesters to return with tents to the park. About 70 people were arrested overnight.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, In Seattle, Washington, a downtown march and rally in support of the Occupy Wall Street movement turned briefly chaotic as police scattered a crowd of rowdy protesters, including a pregnant 19-year-old and an 84-year-old activist, with blasts of pepper spray.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, Afghanistan got a new, 3-year, $133.6 million line of credit from the International Monetary Fund, which said the struggling government had taken steps to address governance and accountability issues that surfaced during the Kabul Bank crisis. A bomb strapped to a donkey blew up in northern Faryab province, killing a policeman and 2 civilians, including a child. 17 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/15/11)(AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, Algerian newspapers reported that authorities have arrested nine people, including eight Air Algerie stewards, as part of an operation against an international drug trafficking ring. The suspects, including a famous singer and an Air Algerie trade union leader, have come under pressure to retract statements in which they named certain clients.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, The City of London Corporation said that it will resume legal action to clear an anti-capitalist camp outside St Paul's Cathedral.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Europe's top court barred Britain from enacting a corporate tax reform in its tiny territory of Gibraltar, ruling the scheme would amount to illegal state aid for offshore companies.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Shanghai sold bonds under a new pilot scheme raising $1.1 billion. China’s provincial and municipal governments had been prohibited from borrowing since 1994.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.78)
2011        Nov 15, In the Republic of Congo Alexandre Kossiarev, a native of Belarus, was killed when an MI-8, a Russian-designed helicopter, crashed in the country's north.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, The EU said it has tightened controls on imports of Chinese rice products after a growing number of shipments were contaminated by unauthorized genetically-modified rice.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom said he will grant a US extradition request for former president Alfonso Portillo, who faces charges in the US of embezzling $1.5 million in foreign donations.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Hong Kong customs officers intercepted a record haul of 33 rhino horns, 758 ivory chopsticks and 127 bracelets hidden inside a container shipped from South Africa.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, India and Pakistan agreed to normalize two-way trade, signifying a gradual thaw in relations between the two bitter rivals.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, The Paris Club of mostly industrialized countries said it had reached an agreement with Ivory Coast to defer over 10 years most of its debt coming due and to forgive $1.8 billion in its foreign debts.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, In Mexico El Siglo de Torreon, a newspaper in the northern city of Torreon, was attacked by armed men who set fire to the facade of its offices and opened fire at its sales offices.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Mexican officials captured Alfredo Aleman Narvaez, a suspected leader for the Zetas drug cartel, during a horse race that he organized in the northern state of Zacatecas.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, New Zealand conservation officials euthanized 18 beached pilot whales following a mass stranding on a South Island beach that left a total of 65 whales dead.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 15, Nigerian airport officials fined British Airways $135 million and Virgin Atlantic $100 million amid a dispute over ticket prices. The airlines were given 14 days to respond and were ordered to compensate passengers. In 2012 a panel "cancelled the fines because at the time of the offence between 2004 and 2006, there was no law to make them culpable."
    (AFP, 11/17/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)
2011        Nov 15, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US drone fired missiles at a house in Miran Shah, North Waziristan, killing seven alleged militants. Also in the northwest, Pakistani forces pounded militant hideouts, killing 16 suspected insurgents in Orakzai's Dabori area. Militants attacked an army checkpoint in the Ladha area of South Waziristan with rockets, killing one soldier and wounding another. Just before midnight suspected US drones fired four missiles at two compounds in South Waziristan, killing 16 alleged militants.
    (AP, 11/15/11)(AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, Saudi Arabia said it has signed an agreement with South Korea on developing nuclear power generation to help meet the kingdom's rising demand.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, South African teacher Guilford Shapo (53) was hacked to death with a machete in front of a shocked classroom of primary school students in the northern town of Polokwane. His 40-year-old brother was charged in the case.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, In western South Africa a 3-vehicle crash left 20 people dead.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, A Swaziland spokesman said the cash-strapped country has pulled together enough loans from local banks and private businesses to pay government workers on time this month.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Lawmakers from Thailand's ruling political party submitted a parliamentary motion to begin discussions over possibly shifting the capital city to prevent future flooding chaos. Bangkok, which is built on swampland, is slowly sinking and the floods currently besieging the city of 12 million people could be merely a foretaste of a grim future.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, A Tunisian official said Moncef Marzouki, a physician who headed that Tunisian League of Human Rights, will take on the role of interim president for the next year while a new constitution is being written.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 15, Turkey canceled plans for oil exploration in Syria, while also threatening to cut electricity supplies after a spate of attacks by supporters of Syrian President Bashar Assad on its diplomatic missions.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, A magnitude-5.2 quake shook eastern Turkey, already devastated by two powerful tremors.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Ugandan traders blockaded several streets in Kampala to protest at lengthening power blackouts they say are crippling businesses around the country.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, US Federal agents said they have seized 709 pounds (321 kg) of cocaine and arrested three men off the US island of St. John. The suspects' boat was first spotted Nov 11 by a maritime surveillance aircraft flying over the US Virgin Islands.
    (AP, 11/15/11)

2012        Nov 15, The struggling US Postal Service reported an annual loss of a record $15.9 billion and forecast more red ink in 2013. Much of the red ink in 2012 was due to mounting mandatory costs for future retiree health benefits, which made up $11.1 billion of the losses.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, BP announced it was paying $4.5 billion in a settlement with the US government over the April 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig disaster. Hours later 2 men who worked for BP during the 2010 Gulf oil spill disaster were charged with manslaughter and a third with lying to federal investigators.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, A US federal appeals court ruled 8-7 declaring Michigan’s ban on affirmative action unconstitutional, 6 ye3ars after state voters said race should not be an issue in choosing students.
    (SFC, 11/15/12, p.A10)
2012        Nov 15, Detroit’s Mayor Bing said a $6.5 million Housing and Urban Development grant will cover the cost of tearing down the Brewster Projects, which included 75 condo-style apartments, two 6-story buildings and four 14-story towers.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Nov 15, In Midland, Texas, 4 people died and 17 others were taken to a hospital when a train crashed into a parade float honoring veterans.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Nov 15, World animal health body OIE said that Australia had reported a case of a highly pathogenic bird flu virus at an egg farm in the New South Wales region.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, British regulators filed charges against the owners of the Sellafield nuclear waste site on allegations of illegal dumping of radioactive waste, adding to the plant's history of controversy and complaints.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, The BBC agreed to pay 185,000 pounds to Lord Alistair McAlpine, a former treasurer of Britain's Conservative Party, who was wrongly accused of child sex abuse as a result of one of its reports.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, Cambodia authorities arrested eight villagers for plastering the US president's picture on their rooftops beside spray-painted messages of "SOS." Villagers say they were ordered in July to vacate their land so the airport could enlarge its runway and build a security buffer zone.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, In China Xi Jinping assumed the leadership as the ruling Communist Party confronts slower economic growth, a public clamor to end corruption and demands for change that threaten its hold on power. It was revealed the Hu Jintao had stepped down not only as the Party’s general secretary but also as head of China’s army.
    (AP, 11/15/12)(Econ, 11/17/12, p.43)
2012        Nov 15, As China unveiled its new leadership in Beijing with promises of a better life for all, five runaway boys seeking shelter and warmth died of carbon monoxide poisoning in a garbage bin in Bijie city, 25 km from their home village of Caqiangyan.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 15, In CongoDRC 151 M23 rebels were reported killed in new fighting between the Congolese army and rebels, ending a two-month cease-fire in North Kivu province. Two army officers were killed and seven wounded in the fighting. Col. Vianney Kazarama, spokesman of the M23, denied the heavy casualties, saying that only two rebels were wounded.
    (AP, 11/15/12)(AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 15, An Ecuadoran helicopter began dropping nearly 22 tons of specially designed poison bait on the Galapagos island of Pinzon, launching the second phase of a campaign to clear out some 180 million non-native rodents.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble signed off officially on revisions to the original 1952 Holocaust compensation treaty, increasing pensions for those living in eastern Europe and broadening who is eligible for payments. Contributions to home care for survivors already have been increased.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, Japan and North Korea began bilateral talks in Mongolia that Tokyo hopes will shed light on a series of decades-old abductions.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, In Mexico the body of Maria Santos Gorrostieta Salazar (36), former mayor of Tiquicheo, Michoacan state, was found beaten and tortured, three days after being abducted.
    (Econ, 12/8/12, p.94)
2012        Nov 15, In Mozambique youths in Maputo burned tires and attacked motorists over hikes in bus fees.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, Myanmar's reformist government ordered more 452 prisoners freed in an amnesty apparently intended as a goodwill gesture ahead of a historic visit by President Barack Obama next week.
    (AP, 11/15/12)(SFC, 11/16/12, p.A3)
2012        Nov 15, Militants in the Gaza Strip pounded southern Israel with over 180 rockets, killing three people in Kiryat Malachi as the Israeli military pressed forward with a second day of intense air raids and naval attacks on militant targets.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, In Senegal Karim Wade, the son of the ex-president, was questioned by police for over 10 hours on accusations that he stole millions in state funds during his father's time in office.
    (AP, 11/15/12)
2012        Nov 15, Turkey endorsed the newly formed Syrian rebel coalition as the legitimate leader of Syria.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A2)

2013        Nov 15, The Washington Post reported that agents and supervisors of the US Secret Service have engaged in misconduct in 17 countries in recent years. It quoted accounts given by whistleblowers to a Senate committee that oversees the Secret Service.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Alabama the Southern Museum of Flight opened in Birmingham. It featured prints of artworks that were only displayed at CIA headquarters in McLean, Virginia.
    (SFC, 11/29/13, p.A15)
2013        Nov 15, San Francisco’s Mayor Ed Lee presented Batkid, aka Miles Scott (5), with the key to the city for his heroic deed in saving Gotham.  The Make-a-Wish Foundation arranged the extravaganza for Scott as he fought off leukemia.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A11)
2013        Nov 15, In Los Angeles former third grade teacher Mark Berndt (62) pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 25 years in prison. He was accused of blindfolding students and feeding them semen-laced cookies.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 15, In NYC hacker Jeremy Hammond (b.1983) was sentenced to 10 years in prison for illegally accessing computer systems of law enforcement agencies and government contractors. Hammond said his goal was to expose injustices by the private intelligence industry.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 15, In Ohio six horses were killed on rural roads after over three dozen escaped from a farm near Covington. Three people injured in the road accidents.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 15, Sony released its PlayStation 4 video game player, one week ahead of Microsoft’s new Xbox One.
    (SFC, 11/15/13, p.C1)
2013        Nov 15, Albania’s PM Edi Rama rejected a plan to destroy Syria's chemical weapons, following a direct US request.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Brazil’s Supreme Court Pres. Joaquim Barbosa issued warrants for the arrest of Jose Dirceau, the former chief of staff to Pres. Lula da Silva in 2003-05, and eleven others for charges including bribery and conspiracy in the “mensalao" (big monthly stipend) case. They were among 25 found guilty in the case last year.
    (Econ, 11/23/13, p.39)
2013        Nov 15, The British government gave the green light for oil firm EnQuest to invest £4.0 billion in a North Sea oil field scheme that will support an estimated 20,000 jobs.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Toronto police said a global investigation into a Canadian child porn website has led to the arrest of 341 people including teachers, doctors and police officers, and the rescue of 386 sexually abused children.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Canada the city councillors of Toronto voted to limit their hell-raising mayor's powers after Rob Ford’s latest obscene outburst.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, The final overview of China’s “third plenum" was published. China’s ruling Communist Party said it will loosen family planning rules that limit many couples to a single child in the first substantial change to the unpopular policy in nearly three decades, as leaders seek to address a rapidly aging population. It also said the country's much-criticized labor camp system would be abolished. Leaders pledged to open state-dominated industries wider to private competition and ease limits on foreign investment in e-commerce and other businesses in a sweeping reform plan aimed at rejuvenating a slowing economy.
    (AP, 11/15/13)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.16)
2013        Nov 15, Cyprus’ former Pres. Glafcos Clerides (b.1919) died. He was widely regarded as a world-class statesman who guided Cyprus into the EU.
    (AP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, The EU executive said it had found no proof of British claims that Spain had violated European Union rules on border and customs checks at Gibraltar's border.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In western Greece 12 migrants, believed to be Syrians, were found dead after a plastic boat still tied to rocks capsized in calm weather. 15 people survived the incident.
    (AP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Guinea's Supreme Court rejected all the complaints lodged against the results of a September 28 parliamentary election in which President Alpha Conde's RPG party won the most seats.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Japan said it was dramatically scaling back its greenhouse gas reduction target after the Fukushima nuclear accident forced the country to turn to fossil-fuel burning energy sources, a move denounced by climate campaigners.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Libya 43 people were killed and more than 450 people wounded in Tripoli when militiamen from Misrata opened fire on hundreds of protesters who had marched on their brigade headquarters to demand that they leave the capital.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)(AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Mozambique suspected Renamo ex-rebels ambushed a convoy of cars killing one person and wounding 10 others along a key highway in the latest of low-intensity attacks gripping the country.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Myanmar released 69 political prisoners in an amnesty the government described as an act of "loving kindness" in line with President Thein Sein's promise to free all prisoners of conscience by year-end.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, A Nigerian court sentenced suspected Islamist Umaru Umaru Mustapha (34) to life imprisonment for the bombing of a complex housing several newspapers that killed four people in the April 2012 bombing in the northern city of Kaduna. Nigerian troops said they had killed 20 suspected members of Islamist terrorist group Boko Haram in a gunfight in the country's northeast.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Pakistan  8 people were killed when gunmen opened fire on a Shi'ite Muslim religious procession in Rawalpindi. In another version Shiite Muslims staging a procession killed 7 Sunnis from an Islamic seminary for insulting them as they passed.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)(SFC, 11/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 15, In the Philippines the death toll from Typhoon Haiyan, one of the world's most powerful typhoons, surged to over 4,000.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Sri Lanka Britain's Prince Charles formally opened a Commonwealth summit in Colombo. Its build-up has been dogged by a dispute over rights abuses at the end of Sri Lanka's ethnic war. Britain's PM David Cameron landed in the war-torn Jaffna region to meet victims of Sri Lanka's ethnic conflict after leaving the Commonwealth summit.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Nickolay Mladenov, the UN's new envoy to Baghdad, said Iraq's security forces require "massive amounts of re-training" in human rights to better conduct operations and combat the country's deadliest violence since 2008.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi said China will build power plants in Yemen with total output capacity of 5,000 megawatts and expand the Arab country's main container ports.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2014        Nov 15, Dr. Martin Salia (44), seriously ill from Ebola contracted in Sierra Leone, arrived at Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha for treatment.
    (SFC, 11/16/14, p.A8)
2014        Nov 15, In Texas a hazardous chemical leak killed 4 workers at a DuPont plant in La Porte, a suburb of Houston.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.A10)
2014        Nov 15, In Australia the G20 summit opened in Brisbane. Western leaders warned Vladimir Putin that he risked more economic sanctions if he failed to end Russian backing for separatist rebels in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Burkina Faso’s military reinstated the constitution, suspended when the army filled the vacuum created by Pres. Compaore's departure.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 15, It was reported that Chilean engineering students have designed a bike that can't be stolen. The bike’s lower frame opens up into two arms that are then connected to the seat post and locked to a post, so thieves would have to destroy a Yerka to get it unlocked.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Batteries aboard the European Space Agency’s Philae comet lander drained, shutting down the washing machine-sized probe after an adventurous and largely unscripted 57-hour mission. Its last task was to reposition itself so that as the comet soars toward the sun, Philae’s batteries may recharge enough for a follow-on mission.
    (Reuters, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, German student Tuğçe Albayrak (b.1991) was struck and fatally injured outside a McDonald's restaurant in Offenbach am Main while trying to protect two teenage girls in the toilets of the restaurant. Albayrak died Nov 28 on her 23rd birthday. On June 16, 2015, a panel of judges in Darmstadt found Sanel Masovic (18) guilty of inflicting bodily harm with fatal consequences and sentenced him to three years in prison.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Tu%C4%9F%C3%A7e_Albayrak)(AP, 6/16/15)
2014        Nov 15, In Georgia tens of thousands of people rallied in the capital to protest a planned agreement between Russia and Georgia's separatist province of Abkhazia. A proposed agreement envisages the creation of joint Russian and Abkhazian military forces.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Three Hong Kong student leaders were stopped from boarding a flight to Beijing to take their fight for greater democracy directly to the Chinese government after airline authorities said their travel permits were invalid.
    (Reuters, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Indian officials said tainted drugs apparently killed 13 women in Chhattisgarh state who underwent Nov 8 sterilization procedures after autopsies ruled out any surgery faults.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Iran's semiofficial ISNA news agency reported that the Supreme Court has disbarred judge Saeed Mortazavi over his role in the death by torture of at least three jailed anti-government protesters in 2009.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Iranian state television reported that the country has inaugurated a new gold-processing plant that will double the country's annual production to 6 tons.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Italian engineer Gianluca Salviato, abducted last March in Libya, returned home. He was working on a sewer construction project for an Italian company when he went missing in Tobruk.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 15, Italian authorities said that more than 900 people have been rescued at sea in the last 24 hours, in a blow to hopes that the approach of winter would stem the flow of migrants attempting perilous crossings of the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, In Liberia about 160 Chinese health workers arrived, where they are due to staff a new $41 million Ebola clinic that, unlike most other foreign interventions, is being built and fully run by Chinese personnel.
    (Reuters, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 15, Morocco was barred from the next two Africa Cup of Nations as punishment for refusing to host the 2015 edition in January-February. Morocco faced a 20 million dollar (16 million euros) fine for refusing to host the 2015 Cup in its scheduled January 17-February 8 slot over fears of the spread of the deadly Ebola epidemic.
    (AFP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Netherlands police arrested 60 people protesting for and against the controversial "Black Pete" figure during the annual arrival procession of Saint Nicholas in the central city of Gouda.
    (AFP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, The Nigerian army regained control of Chibok, the northeastern town where more than 200 schoolgirls were kidnapped by Islamic extremists more than six months ago.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 15, Portuguese and Spanish police said they have arrested 15 people, including two Spanish police, on suspicion of trying to smuggle 2.1 metric tons of hashish into Spain hidden inside a concrete mixer truck.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Serbian nationalist leader Vojislav Seselj (60) rallied thousands of supporters in Belgrade in scenes that threaten to embarrass a UN war crimes court that released him on grounds of ill-health before reaching a verdict in his trial.
    (Reuters, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Trinidad struggled to emerge from widespread flooding as meteorologists warned of more rain that has already forced businesses and schools to close.
    (AP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Turkish media reported that Turkey and the United States have agreed a plan under which some 2,000 fighters from the moderate Syrian opposition would be trained on Turkish soil.
    (AFP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko issued several decrees to shut state institutions and banking services in pro-Russian eastern regions. 7 soldiers were reported killed in the past 24 hours, while the press service for the 'Donetsk People's Republic' said six civilians, including two children, were killed in shelling a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 15, The United Arab Emirates issued a list of 83 terrorist organizations, including the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 15, Pope Francis denounced the right to die movement, saying it's a "false sense of compassion" to consider euthanasia as an act of dignity when in fact it's a sin against God and creation.
    (AP, 11/15/14)

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