Today in History - November 16

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42BC        Nov 16, Tiberius Claudius Nero (d.37AD, Roman Emperor, was born. Tiberius was chosen by Augustus in 4AD as emperor of Rome.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.77)(HN, 11/16/98)

0013        Nov 16, Tiberius made his triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1271        Nov 16, Henry III (b.1207), king of England (1216-71), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III_of_England)

1380        Nov 16, French King Charles VI declared no taxes forever.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1512        Nov 16, Jemme Herjuwsma, Fries rebel, was beheaded.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1532        Nov 16, Pizarro first encountered Incan emperor Atahualpa at Cajamarca, who declined conversion to Christianity. Pizzaro and 167 fellow Spaniards, armored and on horseback, killed or wounded some 6,000 to 7,000 natives and captured emperor Atahualpa. In 2007 Kim MacQuarrie authored “The Last Days of the Incas.  
    (SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M2)

1569        Nov 16, Paul Sartorius, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1632        Nov 16, Battle at Lutzen: Sweden beat the imperial armies under Wallenstein.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1676        Nov 16, 1st colonial prison was organized at Nantucket Mass.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1724        Nov 16, Jack Sheppard, English robber, was hanged.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1763        Nov 16, John Wilkes (b.1725), English journalist, MP, and friend of American Colonies, was injured in duel. His protest of the Treaty of Paris of 1763 had appeared in the April 23 issue of North Briton No. 45.
    (ON, 12/11, p.8)

1764        Nov 16, Indians surrendered to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1766        Nov 16, Rodolphe Kreitzer, French composer and virtuoso violinist (Paris Conservatory), was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1776        Nov 16, British troops captured Fort Washington on the north end of Manhattan during the American Revolution.
    (AP, 11/1697)(MC, 11/16/01)

1794        Nov 16, Warsaw capitulated to the Russian Army and the revolution ended.
    (Voruta #27-28, 7/1996, p.5)

1798        Nov 16, Kentucky became the 1st state to nullify an act of Congress.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1798        Nov 16, The British boarded the U.S. frigate Baltimore and impressed a number of crewmen as alleged deserters, a practice which contributed to the War of 1812.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1801        Nov 16, The 1st edition of New York Evening Post was published. Alexander Hamilton helped found the paper and served as editor.
    (WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Post)

1806        Nov 16, Moses Cleaveland (52), the land surveyor for whom the city of Cleveland is named, died in Canterbury, Conn.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

1811        Nov 16, John Bright, British Victorian radical, was born. He founded the Anti-Corn Law League.
    (HN, 11/16/99)
1811        Nov 16, An earthquake in Missouri caused the Mississippi River to flow backwards. [see Dec 15-16]
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1824        Nov 16, NY City's Fifth Avenue opened for business.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1813        Nov 16, The British announced a blockade of Long Island Sound, leaving only the New England coast open to shipping.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1821        Nov 16, Trader William Becknell reached Santa Fe, N.M., on the route that will become known as the Santa Fe Trail.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1829        Nov 16, Anton G. Rubinstein, Russian pianist, conductor and composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1831        Nov 16, Karl von Clausewitz (51), Prussian strategist (Campaign 1813), died.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1835        Nov 16, Charles Darwin's voyage account was published in Cambridge Philosophical Society.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1839        Nov 16, Louis-Honore Frechette, Canadian poet, was born.
    (HN, 11/16/00)

1841        Nov 16, Life preservers made of cork were patented by Napoleon Guerin in NYC.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1846        Nov 16, General Zachary Taylor took Saltillo, Mexico. General, cried Brig. Gen. John Wool in despair, we are whipped! I know it, replied Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor, but the volunteers don't know it. Let them alone; we'll see what they do.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1850        Nov 16, George Wombell (b.1777), famous English menagerie exhibitor, died. He had founded "Wombwell's Travelling Menagerie."
    (AP, 9/29/09)(www.wardsbookofdays.com/16november.htm)

1851        Nov 16, In France officials drew the winning numbers for the Lottery of the Golden Ingots. Some 7 million tickets had been sold for one franc each to finance the shipment of hand-picked French emigrants to California. From October 1851 to January 1853 a lottery ship sailed every month from Le Havre. 3,293 passengers of 4,016 arrived in San Francisco. The rest disembarked en route.
    (SFC, 9/5/15, p.C2)

1861        Nov 16, Vaclav Suk, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1863        Nov 16, At the Battle of Campbell's Station, Ten., there were 492 causalities.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1864        Nov 16, Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his troops departed Atlanta and began their "March to the Sea" during the Civil War.
    (AP, 11/1697)(HN, 11/16/98)

1873        Nov 16, William Christopher Handy, W.C. Handy, father of the blues famous for “St. Louis Blues," was born in Alabama.
    (HN, 11/16/98)(MC, 11/16/01)

1875        Nov 16, William Bonwill (1833-1899), a Philadelphia dentist, provided specifications for a patent for an electrical tooth-filling Instrument, a dental mallet to impact gold into cavities. The patent application was filed in 1873 and accepted in 1888.
    (www.todayinsci.com/Events/Patent/DentalMallet170045.htm)
1875        Nov 16, Jasper O’Farrell (b.1817), the first surveyor for San Francisco and architect of its streets, died after taking a drink at a tavern on Hardie Place at Kearny.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasper_O%27Farrell)(SSFC, 2/15/15, p.C6)

1884        Nov 16, William Wells Brown (b~1814),  African-American abolitionist lecturer, novelist, playwright, and historian, died in Massachusetts. His novel “Clotel" (1853) is considered the first novel written by an African American. In 2014 Ezra Greenspan authored “William Wells Brown: An African American Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wells_Brown)(SSFC, 12/14/14, p.Q7)

1885        Nov 16, Canadian rebel Louis Riel was executed for high treason.
    (AP, 11/1697)

1887        Nov 16, Philip Frohman, US architect, was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1889        Nov 16, George S. Kaufman, American playwright and screenwriter, was born in Pittsburgh, Pa. His plays included "Dinner at Eight," "You Can't Take it With You" and "The Man Who Came to Dinner."
    (HN, 11/16/99)(MC, 11/16/01)

1892        Nov 16, King Behanzin of Dahomey (now Benin), led soldiers against the French.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1894        Nov 16, 6,000 Armenians were massacred by Turks in Kurdistan.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1895        Nov 16, Paul Hindemith (d.1963), composer and violinist, was born in Hanau, Germany. His work included “Cardillac."
    (WUD, 1994, p.672)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)(MC, 11/16/01)

1896        Nov 16, Lawrence Tibbett, baritone (Metropolitan Opera 1923-50), was born in Bakersfield Calif.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1896        Nov 16, Oswald Mosley, baron and British Nazi, was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1899        Nov 16, Vincas Kudirka (d.1858), author of the Lithuanian national anthem, died.
    (LC, 1998, p.30)(LHC, 12/31/02)

1902        Nov 16, A cartoon appeared in the Washington Star, prompting the Teddy Bear Craze, after President Teddy Roosevelt refused to kill a captive bear tied up for him to shoot during a hunting trip to Mississippi.
    (HN, 11/16/00)

1903        Nov 16, V. Herbert's and H. Smith's musical "Babette," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1907        Nov 16, Burgess Meredith, actor, was born in Cleveland. He died Sep 10, 1997 at 89. He played the Penguin on TV’s Batman and numerous films in a 60 year film career.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.5B)(SFC, 9/11/97, p.A18)
1907        Nov 16, The Gila Cliff Dwellings in New Mexico was established as a national monument. People of the Mogollon culture lived in these cliff dwellings from the 1280s through the early 1300s.
    (SSFC, 9/21/08, p.E6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gila_Cliff_Dwellings_National_Monument)
1907        Nov 16, Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory were unified to make Oklahoma, which was made the 46th state. Black settlers founded some 30 towns before statehood was achieved. Osage Indian Reservation became Osage County, one of the largest in the US.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(NG, 5/95, p.92)(HN, 11/16/98)(SFCM, 3/9/08, p.20)

1908        Nov 16, Conductor Arturo Toscanini made his debut with the New York Metropolitan Opera as he led a performance of Verdi's "Aida."
    (AP, 11/16/08)

1913        Nov 16, “Swann's Way," the first volume of Marcel Proust's 7-part novel “Remembrance of Things Past," was published.
    (HN, 11/16/00)

1914        Nov 16, Federal Reserve System formally opened. [see Apr 2, 1914]
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1917        Nov 16, British occupied Tel Aviv and Jaffa.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1917        Nov 16, Georges Clemenceau (76) again became prime minister of France. He appointed himself as minister of war as well as chief of state. For his contribution to the victory of the Allies in World War I, premier Clemenceau was referred to as the "Father of Victory." A physician, journalist, author and statesman, Clemenceau was an ardent upholder of the French Third Republic. He strove to create an indomitable "will to victory" and proclaimed "To be entirely in unity with the soldier, to live, to suffer, to fight with him." Clemenceau, declared he would wage war "to the last quarter hour, for the last quarter hour will be ours." Born on September 28, 1841, Clemenceau died on November 24, 1929.
    (HNQ, 3/23/99)(AP, 11/16/07)

1920        Nov 16, Metered mail was born in Stamford, Connecticut, with the first Pitney Bowes postage meter.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1925        Nov 16, American Association for Advancement of Atheism was formed in NY.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1927        Nov 16, Austin Norman Palmer (b.1860), American developer of the Palmer method of script, died.
    (www.zanerian.com/Palmer.html)(WSJ, 1/24/09, p.W8)

1929        Nov 16, In NYC the Daily Building Report announced that the final height of the new Chrysler Building would be 1,046 feet.
    (ON, 12/08, p.11)

1930        Nov 16, Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist and poet, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinua_Achebe)

1933        Nov 16, The United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations. President Roosevelt sent a telegram to Soviet leader Maxim Litvinov, expressing hope that U.S.-Soviet relations would "forever remain normal and friendly."
    (AP, 11/1697)
1933        Nov 16, American pilot and adventurer Jimmie Angel (1899-1956) flew over the world's tallest waterfall in Venezuela, while searching for a cloud-shrouded, flat-topped mountain where he had previously discovered gold. The falls became known as Angel Falls. In 2009 Pres. Hugo Chavez said that the waterfall should revert to its original indigenous name, Kerepakupai-Meru.
    (AP, 12/21/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmie_Angel)

1934        Nov 16, Carl P.G. von Linde (92), German physicist, died.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1935        Nov 16, Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's musical "Jumbo," premiered NYC.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1939        Nov 16, Al Capone was freed from Alcatraz.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1939        Nov 16, German U-boat torpedoed the tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1945        Nov 16, Eighty-eight German scientists, holding Nazi secrets, arrived in the U.S.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1947        Nov 16, 15,000 demonstrated in Brussels against mild sentences of Nazis.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1948        Nov 16, Steve Railsback, actor (Blue Monkey, Helter Skelter, Green Monkey, Escape 2000), was born.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1948        Nov 16, President Harry S. Truman rejected four-power talks on Berlin until the blockade was removed. Truman relied heavily on Dean Acheson for his most significant foreign policy achievements.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1948        Nov 16, Operation Magic Carpet began with the 1st plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1950        Nov 16, US Pres. Truman proclaimed an emergency crisis caused by communist threat.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1950        Nov 16, Egyptian king Farouk demanded the departure of all British troops.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1951        Nov 16, Glenn T. Seaborg (1912-1999) and Edwin McMillan (1907-1991) of UC shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their discoveries in the chemistry of transuranium elements beginning with plutonium, the first element ever known to be heavier than uranium. In 1974 Seaborg co-discovered element 106, named seaborgium.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A22)(SFC, 2/27/99, p.A17)(SFC, 11/16/01, WB p.G4)

1953        Nov 16, The US joined in the condemnation of Israel for its raid on Jordan.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1956        Nov 16, "Love Me Tender," the first Elvis Presley film, premiered in NYC.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A1)(Internet)
1955        Nov 16, Big Four talks, taking place in Geneva on German reunification, ended in failure.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1957        Nov 16, Edward Gein butchered his last victim. Gein, a handyman in Plainfield, Wis., liked to dig up fresh graves, cut the skin off corpses, wear the skin on his own body and dance in the moonlight. He was picked up in this year and evidence showed that he’d been collecting body parts for years. He had skulls on bedposts, a human heart in a saucepan, and a lady out in his barn dressed like a deer. The 1974 film "Texas Chainsaw Massacre" was based on his story.
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.E-4)(MC, 11/16/01)

1959        Nov 16, The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "The Sound of Music" opened on Broadway at Lunt Fontanne Theater, NYC, for 1443 performances. Theodore Bikel created the role of Capt. Von Trapp in the original production.
    (AP, 11/16/97)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.D4)

1960        Nov 16, After the integration of two all white schools, 2,000 rioted in the streets of New Orleans.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1960        Nov 16, Clark Gable (59), actor (Gone With the Wind), died.
    (WUD, 1994 p.578)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.B7)(MC, 11/16/01)
1960        Nov 16, Nnamdi Azikiwe became the 1st governor-general of Nigeria. He was a member of the southern Ibo people.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)

1961        Nov 16, House Speaker Samuel T. Rayburn died in Bonham, Texas, having served as speaker since 1940 except for two terms.
    (AP, 11/1697)
1961        Nov 16, Great Britain limited immigration from Commonwealth countries.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1963        Nov 16, Touch-tone telephone was introduced.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1964        Nov 16, Albert Hay Malotte (69), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1965        Nov 16, Walt Disney launched Epcot Center: Prototype Community of Tomorrow in Florida. Epcot opened in 1982.
    (MC, 11/16/01)
1965        Nov 16, In the last day of the fighting at Landing Zone X-Ray, regiments of the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division repulsed NVA forces in the Ia Drang Valley. Joe Galloway served at LZ X-ray. He later received the Bronze Star for his actions during the epic battle. Based on that and his subsequent actions in Vietnam, Galloway came to be regarded by the military leadership and the GIs alike as a journalist who was fair, objective, and who could be trusted to get the story right. He co-authored with Lt. Gen. Hal More “We Were Soldiers Once...Any Young."
    (HN, 11/16/99)(HNQ, 10/2/02)

1966        Nov 16, Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard, after 9 years in jail, was acquitted in his second trial of charges he had murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.
    (AP, 11/1697)(MC, 11/16/01)

1967        Nov 16, Haiphong shipyard in North Vietnam was hit by U.S. planes for the first time.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1970        Nov 16, Yemen’s Saba News Agency (SABA), also known as the Yemen News Agency, was founded as the official state news agency of Yemen and headquartered in Sanaa.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saba_News_Agency)

1971        Nov 16, Edie Sedgwick (28), actress and model for Andy Warhol, died in California from a barbiturate overdose.
    (www.warholstars.org/stars/edie.html)

1972        Nov 16, The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (the World Heritage Convention) was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO. As of 2009 it was ratified by 186 states and had placed some 890 sites under its purview.
    (http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.65)

1973        Nov 16, President Nixon signed the Trans Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law. Oil companies formed a consortium that gave British Petroleum 50.1% control of the pipeline.
    (www.alyeska-pipe.com/Pipelinefacts/Chronology.html)(AH, 10/04, p.43)
1973        Nov 16, Skylab 3 carrying a crew of three astronauts, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on an 84-day mission.
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 11/1697)

1974        Nov 16, In Rome the first UN World Food Conference ended. At the conference, which had opened on Nov. 5, governments examined the global problem of food production and consumption, and solemnly proclaimed that "every man, woman and child has the inalienable right to be free from hunger and malnutrition in order to develop their physical and mental faculties."
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A10)(www.un.org/esa/devagenda/food.html)
1974        Nov 16, Walther Meissner (b.1882), German physicist (Meissner Effect), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walther_Mei%C3%9Fner)

1977        Nov 16, Oksana Baiul, Ukraine figure skater (Olympic-gold-1994), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oksana_Baiul)

1979        Nov 16, American Airlines was fined $500,000 for improper DC-10 maintenance.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1979        Nov 16, Lidia Gueiler (1921-2011) became the second woman to lead a Latin American nation. She served as president of Bolivia when she held the post for about eight months in 1979-80 between coup d'etats. She assumed the presidency after a deadly popular revolt ousted coup leader Gen. Alberto Natusch Busch.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lidia_Gueiler_Tejada)

1981        Nov 16, Actor William Holden (63) was found dead in his apartment in Santa Monica, Calif. He likely died Nov 12 following a fall in his home.
    (AP, 11/16/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Holden)

1982        Nov 16, Tom Stoppard's "Real Thing," premiered in London.
    (www.sondheimguide.com/Stoppard/chronology.html)
1982        Nov 16, The National Football League ended a 57-day strike, the longest in the history of professional sports.
    (AP, 11/1697)(HN, 11/16/98)
1982        Nov 16, A replica of the original 1854 "Pope’s Stone," donated by the Vatican, was dedicated at the Washington Monument. The original from Pope Pius IX, arrived in October 1853. It was taken by force in 1854 by unknown men. The common idea is that the men were part of a group called the Know-Nothings.
    (www.nps.gov/archive/wamo/memstone_564.htm)
1982        Nov 16, The Space Shuttle Columbia completed its first operational flight.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1982        Nov 16, Christian Klar (b.1952), a leading member of the German Red Army Faction, was arrested close to Hamburg. In the following trials he was convicted for his involvement in the 1977 murders of Siegfried Buback, Jurgen Ponto and Hanns-Martin Schleyer together with fellow RAF member Brigitte Mohnhaupt. Klar was set for release in Jan, 2009, after serving 26 years in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Klar)(AP, 11/24/08)

1983        Nov 16, In San Francisco Nikolaus Crumbley was found murdered in McLaren Park. In 2012 police with DNA evidence from the scene arrested William Payne (47). Payne had been arrested in 1984 in connection with a sexual assault on a woman.
    (SFC, 2/1/12, p.C8)

1987        Nov 16, The US Supreme Court, by an 8-0 vote, upheld the federal mail and wire fraud convictions of former Wall Street Journal reporter R. Foster Winans and two co-defendants in connection with an insider-trading scheme.
    (AP, 11/1697)

1988        Nov 16, Estonia's parliament declared the Baltic republic "sovereign," but stopped short of complete independence.
    (AP, 11/15/98)
1988        Nov 16, Voters in Pakistan cast ballots in their first open election in 11 years, resulting in victory for populist candidate Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 11/15/98)

1989        Nov 16, In El Salvador 6 Jesuit priests and two other people were slain by uniformed gunmen at the Jose Simeon Canas University in an attack later blamed on army troops. Later 19 Salvadoran soldiers, trained at the US Army School of the Americas, were linked to the killing. In 2006 US police in Los Angeles arrested a Salvadoran ex-lieutenant convicted of killing the 6 Jesuits. In 2009 a Spanish judge opened an investigation into 14 ex-Salvadoran military officials and considered indicting them over the killings. In 2009 the 6 Jesuits were decorated with the country's highest honor. In 2011 20 Salvadorans were indicted in Spain for their alleged roles in the killings.
    (AP, 11/16/99)(SFC, 9/21/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/27/06, p.A1)(AP, 1/13/09)(AP, 11/16/09)(SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)

1990        Nov 16, Four of the so-called “Keating Five" went before the Senate Ethics Committee to deny any wrongdoing in helping failed savings-and-loan owner Charles H. Keating Junior.
    (AP, 11/16/00)
1990        Nov 16, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev told an angry Soviet legislature he would fire government and military officials blocking his reform plans.
    (AP, 11/16/00)

1991        Nov 16, Former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards won a landslide victory in his bid to return to office, defeating state representative David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan leader.
    (AP, 11/16/01)

1992        Nov 16, President-elect Clinton and Democratic congressional leaders held a news conference in Little Rock, Ark., in which they pledged a "new era" of action.
    (AP, 11/1697)
1992        Nov 16, United Nations Security Council voted to authorize a naval blockade on the Danube River and the Adriatic coast to tighten economic sanctions on Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 11/1697)

1993        Nov 16, The US Senate voted, 69-30, to approve a measure designed to protect people who provide or seek abortions from physical attacks or intimidation by abortion opponents.
    (AP, 11/15/98)
1993        Nov 16, The US Congress enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA). It instructed government officials to bend the rules for persons whose actions are based on their religion. In 1997 the Supreme Court said the federal one applied only to the federal government.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_Freedom_Restoration_Act)(Econ., 4/4/15, p.30)
1993        Nov 16, Russian President Yeltsin shut the Lenin museum.
    (www.centraleurope.org.uk/chron/fsu/1993nov.htm)
1993        Nov 16, Lucia Popp (54), Slovakia-born soprano (Vienna Opera), died in Munich.
    (www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Popp-Lucia.htm)

1994        Nov 16, President Clinton, ending a five-day trip to Asia, discussed human rights with Indonesian President Suharto.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
1994        Nov 16, The US government reported consumer prices rose 0.1 percent in October.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1994        Nov 16, A US federal judge issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the state of California from implementing most provisions of Proposition 187, the voter-approved measure that would deny most public services to illegal aliens.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1994        Nov 16, The UN Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), ratified in 1993, took effect. Arvid Pardo (d.1999 at 85), Maltese delegate to the UN, proposed in 1967 that the bounty of the sea should be considered "the common heritage of mankind" and asked that some of the sea's wealth be used to bankroll a fund to help close the gap between rich and poor nations. The International Seabed Authority came into existence as the law took effect. The first Secretary-General of the Authority, Satya Nandan (Fiji) was elected in March 1996, and the Authority became fully operational as an autonomous international organization in June 1996, when it took over the premises and facilities in Kingston, Jamaica. The UN Law of the Sea treaty, which extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore, came into force one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2wsq9p)(SFC, 7/19/99, p.A22)

1995        Nov 16, Thursday, Roland Shephard, happy son of Doug and Andrea, and brother to Adriana (aka Boo-boo) was born in Daly City, Ca.
    (Andrea)
1995        Nov 16, Refusing to yield, President Clinton threatened anew to veto the latest Republican offer to end a three-day partial government shutdown; Democrats savaged House Speaker Newt Gingrich for claiming Clinton had snubbed him recently aboard Air Force One.
    (AP, 11/16/00)
1995        Nov 16, Attorney General Janet Reno disclosed she has Parkinson’s disease.
    (AP, 11/16/00)
1995        Nov 16, Bosnian Serbs Radovan Karadzic and Gen’l. Ratko Mladic were again indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for ordering the slaughter of Muslims after the takeover of Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1996        Nov 16, President Clinton spent the first full day of a shortened vacation in Hawaii that preceded a trip to Australia, Thailand and the Philippines.
    (AP, 11/1697)
1996        Nov 16, The Russian Mars 96 probe was launched on a Proton rocket. The upper stage rocket failed and the probe crashed into the South Pacific. [see Nov 17]
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)
1996        Nov 16, In Russia an explosion at a military housing project in Kaspiysk in the Dagestan Republic killed 56.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 16, Into Rwanda thousands of refugees went home from Zaire in a column that stretched 28 miles.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A1)

1997        Nov 16, Some 600 protestors at Fort Benning, Ga., called for the closing of the Army’s School of the Americas, which trains Latin American soldiers.
    (SFC, 11/17/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 16, The LA Times reported that the Utility Dept. of LA was $7.5 billion in debt. $4.8 billion of the debt was off the books.
    (SFC, 11/17/97, p.A26)
1997        Nov 16, China's most prominent pro-democracy campaigner, Wei Jingsheng, arrived in the United States after being released from a prison where he'd spent nearly 18 years.
    (SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A2) (AP, 11/15/98)
1997        Nov 16, In El Salvador it was reported that 22 murders a day occur. Vehicles in the capital have increased fivefold in 5 years and the garbage dump in San Salvador is full. The opposition FNLN now controls 45% of the country.
    (SFEM, 11/16/97, p.20)
1997        Nov 16, In Iraq Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz said Baghdad would allow US arms inspectors if Security Council permanent members had equal representation on the UN teams. The proposal was rejected.
    (WSJ, 11/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 16, In Italy in weekend municipal elections center-left parties won a landslide victory bolstering support for Prime Minister Prodi’s government.
    (WSJ, 11/18/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 16, In Mexico it was reported that the maquiladora plants along the US border have for years regularly demanded female employees to provide periodic evidence of non-pregnancy in order to avoid mandated 3-month maternity leave.
    (SFEC, 11/16/97, p.A26)

1998        Nov 16, Monica Lewinsky signed a million dollar book deal. Her “Monica’s Story" was to be written by Andrew Morton and published by St. Martin’s Press in early 1999.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A2)
1998        Nov 16, The Supreme Court ruled that union members can file discrimination lawsuits against employers even when labor contracts require arbitration.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1998        Nov 16, House Democrats re-elected Dick Gephardt as their leader.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1998        Nov 16, Congo rebels said that they captured the port of Moba on Lake Tanganyika. UN officials said that over 65,000 people had been displaced since Aug 2.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.B3)
1998        Nov 16, In southern Lebanon 3 Israeli soldiers were killed when Hezbollah detonated a road bomb.
    (WSJ, 11/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 16, Japan announced a $195 billion economic stimulus package. This was the 17th month in a row that the number of bankruptcies increased.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A10)(SFC, 11/17/98, p.B3)
1998        Nov 16, A UN tribunal convicted a Bosnian Croat and 2 Muslims for murder, torture and rape at the Celebici Camp in central Bosnia in 1992. Hazimn Delic, deputy commander, received a 20 year sentence; Zdravko Mucic, camp warden received 7 years; and Esad Landzo received 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A14)

1999        Nov 16, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by .25%.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 16, California sued the federal government to block extensions on 36 undeveloped offshore oil leases signed by the Clinton administration Nov 12.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 16, Nathaniel Abraham, at 13 one of the youngest murder defendants in US history, was convicted in Pontiac, Michigan, of second-degree murder for shooting a stranger outside a convenience store with a rifle when he was eleven. Nathaniel was sentenced to juvenile detention. He will be released Jan. 13, 2007, when he turns 21.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
1999        Nov 16, Genentech agreed to settle a 10-year patent infringement dispute with the University of California for $200 million. $150 million was to be in cash and $50 million for the construction of a research campus in SF.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.C1)
1999        Nov 16, WSJ ran an article on the nightmare of recycling plastic. PET and HDPE plastics were discussed.
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.B1)
1999        Nov 16, UN Sec. Gen'l. Kofi Annan, in China for a 4-day visit, said he had a "better understanding" of the government crackdown on the Falun Gong.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A17)
1999        Nov 16, A 2-day Ibero-American summit for heads of state from Latin America, Spain and Portugal met in Havana. Int'l. finance and the effects of economic globalization on developing countries was the central theme. The 18 heads of state signed a Havana Declaration.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)(SFC, 11/17/99, p.A20)

2000        Nov 16, Pres. Clinton arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to develop economic and political ties. He flew in from an economic summit in Brunei where it was agreed to restart global trade talks in 2001.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, The US and Yugoslavia agreed to reopen embassies in each others capitals.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 16, The Florida State Supreme Court ruled that “there is no legal impediment to the recounts continuing." Al Gore won a legal fight to expand manual recounts as he struggled to trim George W. Bush's 300-vote lead in Florida's presidential race.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/16/01)
2000        Nov 16, Amtrak christened its new bullet train, the Acela Express, with an inaugural run from Washington DC to New York City and Boston.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A3)
2000        Nov 16, The Internet Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers adopted 7 new domains: .aero for airports, .biz for businesses, .coop for business cooperatives, .info for general use, .museum for accredited museums, .name for individuals, and .pro for professionals.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, A US Air Force F-16 collided with a small plane near Sarasota, Fla. The pilot of the Cessna was killed, the fighter pilot ejected safely.
    (WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, Hosea Williams, civil rights leader and Lt. to Martin Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta at age 74.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 16, In Colombia police and US Secret Service cracked a billion dollar counterfeiting operation. One man was arrested. The operation was believed to be master-minded by Ramiro Sepulveda.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 16, Israeli forces attacked 4 targets associated with Fatah. 2 Palestinians were killed in clashes. Israel also reported a freeze on tax transfers to the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.A21)(WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, In Kenya officials reported that 68 people had died over the last 2 days from home-brewed alcohol laced with high-octane fuel and mentholated spirit. The toll was raised to 113 a day later.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D2)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.C16)
2000        Nov 16, In Papua New Guinea a tidal wave followed a magnitude 8.0 earthquake and left at least one person dead and at some 5,000 people homeless.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/25/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 16, In Syria Pres. Bashar Assad announced an amnesty for some 600 political prisoners.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A20)

2001        Nov 16, The film “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone" opened to record audiences across the country.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 16, US Treas. Sec. Paul O’Neill signed off on a plan for war bonds to be issued as Series EF with an interest of 4.07%.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A13)
2001        Nov 16, An anthrax laced letter was found in quarantined congressional mail addressed to Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.). It was found to contain billions of spores, enough to kill 100,000 people.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/21/01, p.A8)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 16, A University of Georgia football fan rushing to catch his flight ran past guards and through a passenger exit at Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport, forcing officials to halt flights; the man, Michael Lasseter, was later sentenced to five weekends or 10 days in jail and 500 hours of community service.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2001        Nov 16, Texas storms abated and left 9 people dead.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 16, Tommy Flanagan (71), jazz pianist, died in NYC.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A24)
2001        Nov 16, In Afghanistan US air strikes killed 20 civilians at Zani Khel and at least 65 at Khost. US bombing began at Tora Bora.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)(NW, 8/26/02, p.38)
2001        Nov 16, The Taliban was reported ready to abandon Kandahar. The Northern Alliance took over Radio Kabul and other key city offices.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A1,3)
2001        Nov 16, This was the 1st day of the annual month of Ramadan, the Islamic commemoration of God’s revelation of the Koran.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A2)
2001        Nov 16, In Macedonia the parliament adopted constitutional changes giving ethnic minority Albanians more rights.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 16, The MDC headquarters in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, were destroyed by pro-government militants. They were protesting the recent killing of Cain Nkala, who helped lead violent occupations of white-owned farms. 6 opposition activists arrested for an alleged role in the murder were acquitted in 2004.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A20)(SFC, 8/7/04, p.A9)

2002        Nov 16, A high-ranking Russian officer was killed and a top Chechen official abducted at gunpoint in new fighting in the southern Russian republic.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, Hussein Bicar (89), Egypt's well-known portrait artist and painter, died.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, In an open letter to the Iraqi Parliament, Pres. Saddam Hussein said he had no choice but to accept a tough new UN weapons inspection resolution because the US and Israel had shown their "claws and teeth" and declared unilateral war on the Iraqi people.
    (AP, 11/16/03)
2002        Nov 16, Israeli troops retook control of Hebron blindfolding Palestinian suspects and herding them into army buses, after militant gunmen ambushed a procession of Jewish worshippers, killing 12 Israelis, mostly security forces.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, In Italy thousands of anti-globalization demonstrators marched in Rome, Florence and Naples to protest the arrests of 20 people, including a leader of the movement, on charges stemming from violent protests last year.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, Kyrgyzstan police detained more than 200 activists who traveled to the Kyrgyz capital, Bishkek, for an anti-government assembly calling on Pres. Askar Akayev to resign. They were all released by the next day.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, In Mexico unidentified assailants killed a family of five, including two children aged 8 and 14 and two of the family's servants, by slitting their throats or shooting them.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, Abdullah Gul, a moderate politician from a party with Islamic roots, was chosen to be Turkey's next prime minister, but he was widely regarded as a stand-in for the party's real leader, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
    (AP, 11/16/02)
2002        Nov 16, Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma fired the government of Prime Minister Anatoly Kinakh and nominated Victor Yanukovych, governor of the Danetsk coal region, as PM.
    (AP, 11/16/02)(SSFC, 11/17/02, p.A19)
2002        Nov 16, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez ordered the federal takeover of the Caracas police force, sending soldiers and armored vehicles to stations throughout the capital. His opponents vowed to block the move and mounted street protests.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
2002        Nov 16, Zimbabwe's government froze prices on a range of products from tractors to diapers, moving to ease an economic crisis that has been worsened by continuing political violence.
    (AP, 11/16/02)

2003        Nov 16, In Afghanistan Bettina Goislard, a French UN worker, was shot and killed by a man on a motorcycle who opened fire on her car. In 2004 Zia Ahmad and Abdul Nabi were sentenced to death for the murder.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A3)
2003        Nov 16, Burundi's government signed a comprehensive power-sharing plan with the Hutu FDD, country's largest rebel group, a major step toward ending a 10-year war that has killed at least 200,000 people.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.44)
2003        Nov 16, Serbia failed for a 3rd time in just over a year to elect a president because voter turnout was below the 50 percent minimum required by the law. Tomislav Nikolic, head of the nationalist Serbian Radical Party, led the vote.
    (WSJ, 11/13/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/17/03)(Econ, 11/22/03, p.49)
2003        Nov 16, Catalans chose among parties all pledging to seek greater autonomy or independence from Spain in elections that will give the wealthy region a new leader for the first time in almost a quarter century.
    (AP, 11/16/03)

2004        Nov 16, President Bush picked National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice as Sec. of State, replacing Colin Powell.
    (AP, 11/17/04)
2004        Nov 16, US Senate Democrats selected Harry Reid of Nevada as party whip for the 109th Congress.
    (SFC, 11/17/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 16, A NASA unpiloted X-43A jet, part of its Hyper-X program, reached a record speed of 6,500 mph, Mach 9.6. It used the new scramjet engine.
    (SFC, 11/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 16, In northeast Australia a speeding high-speed passenger train derailed, injuring nearly all 163 people on board.
    (AP, 11/17/04)
2004        Nov 16, In northeastern Colombia leftist rebels ambushed a police convoy, killing at least nine officers and wounding three others.
    (AP, 11/17/04)
2004        Nov 16, India said its army will start reducing the number of troops in revolt-hit Kashmir to coincide with a visit to the state by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Military experts estimate that India has about 250,000 troops in Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
2004        Nov 16, US and Iraqi troops pushed into insurgent-heavy neighborhoods and stormed police stations in Mosul. US forces arrested a senior member of an influential Sunni political party after a dawn raid on his Baghdad home. The US military said it was investigating the videotaped fatal shooting of a wounded and apparently unarmed Iraqi prisoner by a US Marine in a mosque in Fallujah. Sunni Muslims in Iraq expressed anger over videotape showing the fatal shooting of a wounded and apparently unarmed man in a Fallujah mosque by a US Marine. In 2007 the marine Corps charged a Marine sergeant with unpremeditated murder in the killing of the unarmed Iraqi prisoner in Fallujah. Another Marine was also charged in the same incident. In 2008 Sgt. Ryan Weemer became the 3rd person charged in the shooting.
    (AP, 11/16/04)(AP, 11/16/05)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.A13)(SFC, 3/19/08, p.A4)
2004        Nov 16, In Iraq a blindfolded woman, believed to be aid worker Margaret Hassan (59), was the shown being shot in the head by a hooded militant on a video obtained but not aired by Al-Jazeera television.
    (AP, 11/17/04)
2004        Nov 16, Saudi police arrested 5 suspected militants in al-Qassim, 220 miles northwest of Riyadh, following a shootout that killed a policeman.
    (AP, 11/17/04)
2004        Nov 16, Spanish police arrested 17 suspected members of the armed Basque separatist group ETA in a series of pre-dawn raids in northern Spain.
    (AP, 11/16/04)
2004        Nov 16, Darfur rebels from the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) handed over 20 prisoners of war to the African Union (AU).
    (Reuters, 11/16/04)

2005        Nov 16, US President George W. Bush arrived in South Korea ahead of a summit of Asia Pacific leaders after making a bold call for China to launch democratic reforms.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Vice President Dick Cheney joined the chorus of Republican criticism of Democrats who contended the Bush administration had manipulated intelligence on Iraq, an accusation Cheney called "one of the most dishonest and reprehensible charges ever aired in this city."
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2005        Nov 16, Hoping to reverse the deterioration of pension plans, the US Senate voted to force companies to make up underfunding and live up to promises made to employees.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2005        Nov 16, The US House passed a bill authorizing up to $38 million in federal funds to preserve and restore 10 WW II internment camps, including Tule Lake and Manzanar in California, as well as 17 assembly centers. Nonprofits would need to come up with 75% of the money for the projects.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 16, Former President Clinton in Dubai, UAR, told Arab students that the US made a "big mistake" when it invaded Iraq, stoking the partisan debate back home over the war.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Philip H. Bloom, an American businessman living overseas, was charged for paying kickbacks to U.S. occupation authorities to win reconstruction contracts in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/05)(SFC, 11/18/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 16, At the National Book Awards ceremony in NYC William T. Vollmann (46) won the fiction award for “Europe Central." Joan Didion (70) won the nonfiction award for “The Year of Magical Thinking." W.S. Merwin won the poetry prize for “Migration: New and Selected Poems." Special awards went to Lawrence Ferlinghetti (86) and Norman Mailer (82).
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 16, IntercontinentalExchange (ICE), founded in 2000, made its debut on the NYSE. Shares offered at $26 reached $39.25 at close.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.79)
2005        Nov 16, Nokia Corp. said it is paying $430 million to acquire Intellisync Corp., a provider of wireless e-mail service for cellular carriers, adding to the mobile phone maker's growing arsenal of products to compete with BlackBerry.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Kentucky reported that drainage from land disturbed by mining and road construction has caused acid levels to rise beyond acceptable levels in portions of at least 35 streams across the state, killing fish and insects.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Ralph Edwards (b.1913), broadcasting pioneer and TV host of “This is Your Life" (1952-1961), died in West Hollywood. Edwards first hit it big in radio with “Truth or Consequences" in 1940.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 16, Henry Taube (b.1916), Canadian-born Nobel Prize winner (1983) and former Stanford Univ. chemist, died at his home on the Stanford campus.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 16, Afghan Defense Minister Rahim Wardak said Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network has increased its activities in Afghanistan, smuggling in explosives, high-tech weapons and millions of dollars in cash for a resurgent terror campaign.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, A suicide bomber rammed a car laden with explosives into a convoy carrying Westerners in the main southern city of Kandahar, killing three Afghan civilians and wounding four others.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Home Secretary Charles Clarke ordered that British citizen Babar Ahmad be extradited to the United States to face terrorism charges under controversial new rules allowing countries to seek extradition without producing evidence of a crime.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Britain’s National Statistics office said the number of people claiming jobless benefits increased by a higher-than-expected 12,100 from September to a total of 890,100 people at the end of October.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Chechnya a group of Russian soldiers, alleged to be drunk, began flagging down cars and demanding money in the Grozny suburb of Staraya Sunzha. 3 civilians were killed and 3 servicemen were detained.
    (SSFC, 11/20/05, p.A22)
2005        Nov 16, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Seoul for talks with South Korea's president and an annual meeting of Asia-Pacific leaders, the first time in a decade a Chinese president has visited South Korea.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 16, China reported its first three confirmed human cases of bird flu as the government raced to vaccinate billions of chickens, ducks and other poultry in a massive effort to stop the spread of the virus. 2 cases were confirmed in the province of Hunan in central China and one in Anhui in the east.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Two dozen Colombian rebels laid down their arms in the 1st group demobilization ceremony of leftist guerrillas since Pres. Alvaro Uribe took office 3 years ago.
    (AP, 11/17/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Egypt the Muslim Brotherhood won 20% of the overall vote in the first round of parliamentary elections, according to initial official results released after a day of intense runoff balloting. The group is banned but members as individuals doubled their parliamentary seats to 34. The ruling party won 112 seats.
    (AP, 11/16/05)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 16, The Italian Senate passed constitutional reform that imposed an eccentric form of proportional representation. It was designed to give the prime minister presidential powers.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.56)(www.wsws.org/articles/2005/dec2005/ital-d02.shtml)
2005        Nov 16, A private research agency said corporate bankruptcies in Japan climbed 23 percent to 825 cases in October from the previous month, the first increase in two months.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Kashmir a car bomb exploded in the main business district of Srinagar, the summer capital of India's Jammu-Kashmir state, killing at least two people and injuring 40.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled that rape within marriage is a crime.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A12)
2005        Nov 16, A court set up by Sudan to try war crimes in its violence-plagued Darfur region issued its 1st sentences, condemning to death 2 soldiers in the torture killing of a Sudanese citizen.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, In Thailand suspected Muslim separatists stormed 2 houses in a southern village and opened fire on the families with assault rifles, killing 9 people and injuring 9 others.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, A UN technology summit opened in Tunisia after an 11th-hour agreement that leaves the United States with ultimate oversight of the main computers that direct the Internet's flow of information, commerce and dissent.
    (AP, 11/16/05)
2005        Nov 16, More than 150 international rights groups petitioned African governments and the continent's main political union to act on what they called a humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe.
    (Reuters, 11/17/05)

2006        Nov 16, Pres. Bush in Singapore voiced tentative support for a free trade agreement covering all 21 members of APEC and warned North Korea against trying to sell nuclear arms.
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)(WSJ, 11/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 16, Nancy Pelosi was unanimously named speaker-elect by US House Democrats, the first woman set to take the post that is second in line of succession to the presidency, but then selected Steny Hoyer as majority leader against her wishes.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Nov 16, In SF federal agents arrested 24 people on drug charges following a 4-month undercover investigation targeting gangs in the Western Addition.
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.B3)
2006        Nov 16, A state regulatory board approved Gov. Ed Rendell's proposal to make deeper cuts in mercury emissions from Pennsylvania's coal-fired power plants, despite opposition from power plants and mining companies.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, The Vermont based Conservation Fund partnered with the state of California to purchase 16,000 acres in northern California from the Hawthorne Timber Co. for $48.5 million.
    (WSJ, 11/17/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 16, In North Carolina a tornado struck Riegelwood, a tiny riverside community, killing 8 people as thunderstorms continued a path of destruction across the South. Another person died earlier in Louisiana, and a car crash death near Charlotte was also blamed on the storms.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)
2006        Nov 16, Minnesota Twins ace Johan Santana won the AL Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Nov 16, Milton Friedman (b.1912), American economist and Nobel Prize winner (1976), died in SF. He popularized the belief that free markets rather than government actions were the best tools to improve living standards. In 2007 Lanny Ebenstein authored “Milton Friedman: A biography."
    (SFC, 11/17/06, p.A1)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.97)
2006        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan flash floods caused by heavy rains killed nearly 60 people with 100 more missing.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 16, Canada said it had arrested a foreign man who it branded a threat to national security and who one national newspaper identified as a possible Russian spy. On Nov 21 the government released a document saying: "The Canadian Security Intelligence Service has reasonable grounds to believe that the foreign national alleging to be Paul William Hampel is a member of the Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (SVR), the foreign intelligence service of the Russian intelligence services."
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Reuters, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 16, Juang Jiefu, China’s Deputy Health Minister, acknowledged that human organs used in transplants have been taken from executed prisoners and that foreign recipients have paid large sums to avoid a long wait.
    (SFC, 11/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 16, Citigroup in a consortium with IBM, China Life, State Grid and Citic Trust signed an agreement to take control of Guangdong Development Bank.
    (www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2006/11/17/2088082.htm)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.80)
2006        Nov 16, In France Segolene Royal (53) overwhelmingly won the backing of the main opposition Socialist Party in her bid to become France's first female president.
    (AP, 11/17/06)
2006        Nov 16, In Germany Mounir El Motassadeq, a Moroccan man, was convicted of acting as an accessory to murder in the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks by a federal appeals court that ruled that he played a direct role in the plot.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, The Iraqi Interior Ministry issued an arrest warrant for Harith al-Dhari, the head of the influential Sunni Association of Muslim Scholars. A government official said kidnappers who snatched scores of Iraqis from a government ministry building in Baghdad tortured and killed some of them. Gunmen opened fire on a bakery in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding two. In southern Iraq 4 American security contractors and their Austrian co-worker were held hostage after their convoy was hijacked. 9 civilians who were traveling with the convoy when it was hijacked, including men from India, Pakistan and the Philippines, were soon released. In 2008 Steve Fainaru authored “Big Boy Rules: America’s Mercenaries Fighting in Iraq," which described the kidnapping of the Crescent Security Group staffers.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/17/06)(SFC, 11/28/08, p.E2)
2006        Nov 16, In Kenya the UN conference on climate change ended. The participating 180 countries reached no agreement on how to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
    (http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_12/items/3754.php)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.60)
2006        Nov 16, Jose Manuel Nava (53), a former general manager of one of Mexico's oldest newspapers, was found slain in his apartment in the capital, officials said, a week after he went public with his book criticizing the federal government, the business community and newspaper employees.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf commuted a British man's death sentence, officials said, paving the way towards his likely release after 18 years awaiting the hangman's noose. Mirza Tahir Hussain will instead be given a life sentence for the 1988 murder of a taxi driver, meaning the 36-year-old could be eligible to go free because of the time he has already served in prison. Hussain was freed the next day and left Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/17/06)   
2006        Nov 16, Konstantin Romodanovsky, Russia’s director of the Federal Migration Service, said foreigners should no be allowed to create ethnic enclaves in which they outnumber native Russians. The Muslim population has risen to about 25 million and it was estimated to make up a fifth of the population by 2020.
    (SSFC, 11/19/06, p.A20)
2006        Nov 16, In Russia Yuri Levada (76), pioneering sociologist, died. He was shut out of his profession in Soviet times but came back to track public opinion as Russia made the transition from communism, died at his institute in Moscow.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, A Rwandan military court sentenced Father Wenceslas Munyeshyaka, a Roman Catholic Rwandan priest living in exile in France, to life in prison for rape and helping extremist militias during the country's 1994 genocide. Also convicted and sentenced to life in prison was former Rwandan army general Laurent Munyakazi, who commanded the military in the capital's Nyarugenge district.
    (AFP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Spain, France and Italy unveiled a five-point Middle East peace initiative, calling Israeli-Palestinian violence intolerable and saying that Europe must take a lead role in ending the conflict.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, South Korea said it will reverse its long-standing refusal to join international efforts criticizing North Korea's human rights record and vote in favor of a UN resolution against the communist regime's alleged abuses.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Sri Lanka's President Mahinda Rajapakse appealed to Tiger rebels to resume talks to end bloodshed on the island as a British envoy met with the guerrillas to try to jumpstart stalled peace efforts.
    (AFP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, In Tonga youths infuriated by a lack of political reform attacked the prime minister's offices and other government buildings, smashing windows, looting shops and setting fires in Nuku’alofa, the capital of this near-feudal South Pacific kingdom. 8 people were killed and some four-fifths of the commercial district was destroyed.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.42)
2006        Nov 16, Turkey's PM Erdogan offered training for the Iraqi police and army, and he urged power-sharing among ethnic groups in the Iraqi oil center of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, The Vatican reaffirmed the value of celibacy for priests after a summit led by Pope Benedict XVI that was spurred by a married African archbishop who has been excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan worked with key African, Arab, European leaders in Ethiopia to break the deadlock over worsening violence in Sudan's Darfur region. Leaders agreed in principle to a joint African Union-United Nations peacekeeping force for Darfur. UN humanitarian chief Jan Egeland arrived in Darfur to find security so bad he could not visit the camps outside el-Geneina town housing tens of thousands of displaced Darfuris.
    (Reuters, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/16/07)
2006        Nov 16, In Uruguay a judge ordered the arrest of former president-turned-dictator Juan Maria Bordaberry and his foreign minister in connection with four political killings in 1976.
    (AP, 11/16/06)
2006        Nov 16, Zimbabwe invited more than 1,000 white farmers to collect compensation for property seized during controversial lands reforms launched by President Robert Mugabe's government.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2007        Nov 16, US President George W. Bush and Japanese PM Yasuo Fukuda met for talks aimed at bridging rifts on North Korea and Tokyo's military role in the "war on terror."
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, US Senate Republicans blocked a $50 billion bill by Democrats that would have paid for several months of combat but also would have ordered troop withdrawals from Iraq to begin within 30 days.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2007        Nov 16, Marchers surrounded the Justice Department headquarters to demand federal intervention in the Jena Six case in Louisiana and stepped-up enforcement of hate crimes.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2007        Nov 16, US federal biologists signed off on a plan to reduce the flow of water from Lake Lanier, Atlanta’s main water source, as the southeast contends with a historic drought.
    (WSJ, 11/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 16, San Diego County District Attorney Bonnie M. Dumanis, the Regional Auto Theft Task Force (RATT), and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) announced an undercover operation resulting in the break up of an extensive and highly organized auto theft ring in the South Bay. The auto theft ring bust is the largest in San Diego County and possibly in the state of California.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3xwk6s)
2007        Nov 16, In Oakland, Ca., Francis William Reimers (62), formerly from Danville, Ca., was sentenced to 9 years in federal prison for mail fraud and money laundering. Reimers had attempted suicide in Dec, 2005, following allegations that he swindled million from former friends.
    (SFC, 11/17/07, p.B3)
2007        Nov 16, The first summit of women leaders opened in NYC. The two-day "International Women Leaders Global Security Summit," opened under the co-chairmanship of former Irish president Mary Robinson and former Canadian prime minister Kim Campbell. At the close over 70 women leaders issued a call for action on global warming, terrorism, poverty and women's security. The women leadership initiative was launched in October 2006.
    (AFP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 16, Mubadala Development, an investment arm of Abu Dhabi, announced that it would pay $622 million for 8.1% of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.70)
2007        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up a car bomb near an Italian military convoy killing only himself. 4 police officers were killed when their vehicle was hit by a remotely detonated bomb as they traveled to work in the southern province of Kandahar. The UN said profits from opium fuel the Taliban insurgency, in a new call on NATO to tackle Afghanistan's burgeoning drugs trade. In the western province of Ghor, between 4 and 9 police were killed after militants attacked them during a police operation in Shahark district.
    (AP, 11/16/07)(Reuters, 11/16/07)(AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, A coroner urged the Australian government to seek war crimes charges against former Indonesian military officers over the 1975 killing of five Australian newsmen during Indonesia's invasion of East Timor.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, Belgium researchers studying the collective behavior of insects said tiny robots programmed to act like roaches were able to blend into cockroach society. Cockroaches tend to self-organize into leaderless groups, seeming to reach consensus on where to rest together.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, Ethiopian officers claimed their forces had killed some 100 rebels in the Ogaden region over the past month where its forces are cracking down on insurgents.
    (AFP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, French transport workers voted to keep a national strike going through the weekend over President Nicolas Sarkozy's plans to strip away generous pension benefits.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, Georgia’s President Mikhail Saakashvili dismissed the prime minister and nominated an influential banker for the post in an apparent attempt to win votes ahead of a hastily called presidential election.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, Guyana rushed troops and police to its western border a day after Venezuelan soldiers allegedly blew up two Guyanese gold-mining dredges on a river near the frontier.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, The communist parties that support India's ruling coalition backed off their strong opposition to a landmark nuclear deal with the US, clearing the way for the pact to go forward after months of high-stakes political gamesmanship.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, Iraqi police said 8 al-Qaida fighters were killed in a Shiite village near Muqdadiyah. One civilian killed by a roadside bomb outside a motorcycle shop in central Baghdad. Police found the bodies of two men, both with bullet wounds to the head, dumped in a barren area near Sadiyah, 60 miles north of Baghdad. The two were identified as brothers who had disappeared the previous evening in the same town. Muntadhar al-Zaidi (28), a reporter for the Iraqi satellite channel al-Baghdadiyah, disappeared. US helicopters dropped 600 troops into two villages south of Baghdad before sunrise, launching an assault on militants believed to be involved in the May kidnapping of three American soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/07)(AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, North and South Korea agreed to launch rail service across their heavily armed border for the first time in more than half a century, a move symbolizing the growing reconciliation between the two sides.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said its election observers would be unable to monitor next month's Russian parliamentary balloting because Moscow had refused to issue them visas. All 56 OSCE member countries, including Russia, agreed in 1990 to invite international observers to monitor their elections.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, Between 35 and 40 rebels were killed as Pakistani gunship helicopters launched fresh attacks on pro-Taliban bunkers in the troubled northwest. The clashes left nearly 100 militants dead as they entered a 4th day.
    (AP, 11/16/07)(AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, Thousands of Hamas loyalists protested outside Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's Gaza City home, warning that violence would erupt if he makes concessions to Israel in a US-sponsored peace conference.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
2007        Nov 16, Poland's new PM Donald Tusk formally took office along with a team of former anti-communist dissidents.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2007        Nov 16, Rwandan investigators probing alleged French involvement in the country's 1994 genocide handed their report to President Paul Kagame, but officials refused to divulge details.
    (Reuters, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, In Spain negotiators concluded a policy guide for governments on global warming that declares climate change is here and is getting worse.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
2007        Nov 16, Turkish authorities took steps to ban the country's leading pro-Kurdish political party and expel several of its lawmakers from parliament on charges of separatism.
    (AP, 11/16/07)

2008        Nov 16, In Afghan suicide car bombers struck a NATO convoy in the northern Baghlan province and a US convoy in western Herat province. One civilian was killed in the northern attack.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, In Australia a storm in Brisbane damaged about 4,000 homes, destroying at least 30, flattened cars and felled power lines, plunging large swathes of the city into darkness.
    (AFP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 16, Reg Varney (92), a comic actor who played a cheery Cockney bus driver in British sitcom "On the Buses," died.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, On Canada's Pacific coast 7 people were killed and one was injured when the charter plane they were flying in crashed on Thormanby Island.
    (AP, 11/17/08)
2008        Nov 16, Congo's main rebel leader promised a UN envoy to support a cease-fire and UN efforts to end the fighting, and the diplomat said he hoped the warring sides would hold peace talks in Kenya. Congo government troops abandoned their position at Rwindi, 130 km (80 miles) north of Goma in North Kivu province, after a battle with the rebels involving small arms and heavier weapons. UN peacekeeping troops at Rwindi stayed in their base during the fighting.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/17/08)
2008        Nov 16, Guinea Bissau, seen as a major African drugs hub, went to the polls for parliamentary elections, which observers hoped would bring stability to the West African nation. The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), which has been dominant since independence from Portugal in 1974, is favorite to win the election.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AFP, 11/17/08)
2008        Nov 16, Iraq's Cabinet approved a security pact with the United States that will allow American forces to stay in Iraq for three years after their UN mandate expires at the end of the year. 7 people died and 7 others were wounded in a suicide car bombing at a police checkpoint in Diyala province. A roadside bomb in a Sunni enclave of Baghdad killed three people and wounded 7 at a checkpoint belonging to US-backed fighters. The US military said Iraq's Shiite-dominated government is making good on promises to pay thousands of US-backed Sunni fighters in Baghdad, despite some government unease over the alliance.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Israeli leaders made a secret journey to neighboring Jordan, listening to pleas from King Abdullah II to avert a large-scale military operation in the Gaza Strip. An Israeli airstrike killed 4 Palestinian militants as they were firing mortars at Israel from the Gaza Strip, just hours after another group of militants struck Israel in a separate rocket attack.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bridge under construction over an icy Himalayan river collapsed, killing four workers and leaving 19 others missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, The party representing New Zealand's indigenous Maori people will get its first Cabinet posts under a multiparty deal signed by PM-elect John Key to form a center-right minority government.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Officials said Nigeria's anti-drugs agency had seized 30,000 kilograms of cannabis contained in 5,923 bags in southern Edo state earlier this week. In June, the agency seized 80 ton of cannabis in its largest ever single haul, in the southwestern city of Ibadan.
    (AFP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Pakistan temporarily barred oil tankers and container trucks from a key passageway to Afghanistan, threatening a critical supply route for US and NATO troops and raising more fears about security in the militant-plagued border region. NATO troops in eastern Afghanistan fired 20 artillery rounds at insurgents inside Pakistan in an attack the alliance said was coordinated with the government in Islamabad.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 16, In Peru Edwin Valladolid was arrested in Lima carrying a box of 36 grenades ahead of the arrival next week of 18 world leaders for a Pacific Rim economic summit.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 16, Russian liberals launched a pro-Kremlin political party promising to defend middle class values but rivals said it was just a tool for the authorities to suck support away from genuine opposition groups.
    (Reuters, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Somali pirates freed another vessel after securing a ransom and a Russian frigate repelled an attack on a Saudi ship.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Sri Lanka's air force pounded the Tamil Tiger rebels' main northern defense line in the Muhamalai area of Jaffna peninsula.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Sudanese and rebel forces traded accusations that the other is initiating a new wave of fighting in the ravaged Darfur region just days after the government had offered a cease-fire.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, In Vietnam weekend flooding killed at least 11 people in the southern and central regions, submerged thousands of homes in Ho Chi Minh city and stranded air and railway passengers.
    (AP, 11/16/08)

2009        Nov 16, US federal prosecutors said the Kuwait logistics firm, Public Warehousing co., had inflated prices and defrauded the US government under its multi-billion dollar contract to feed American troops. The contract was set to expire in December 2010.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.D2)
2009        Nov 16, In Los Angeles the new $898 million Metro Gold Line extension began regular service from Union Station to Atlantic Boulevard.
    (SFC, 11/16/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 16, General Motors Co. says it lost $1.2 billion from the time it left bankruptcy protection through Sept. 30, far better than it has reported in previous quarters and a sign that the auto giant is starting to turn around its business.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Michigan the Pontiac Silverdome, built 3 decades ago for $56 million, sold at auction for $583,000. Greek-born Toronto-area businessman Andreas Apostolopoulos was the winning bidder.
    (SFC, 11/25/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 16, NASA’s shuttle Atlantis lifted off from Cape Canaveral with 6 astronauts on a mission to supply the international with spare parts and experimental equipment.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.A17)
2009        Nov 16, The Afghan government said it had formed a major crime unit to tackle corruption, following escalating Western pressure on President Hamid Karzai to fight graft. Afghan insurgents fired a pair of rockets into a crowded marketplace in Kapisa province as a French general met local leaders nearby, killing 14 civilians.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Argentina 2 men were granted a marriage license in Buenos Aires, breaking ground in a country and region where laws ban gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd issued an historic apology to thousands of impoverished British children shipped to Australia with the promise of a better life. But his government ruled out paying compensation for the abuse and neglect that many suffered.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In London, England, Geeta Aulakh (28), a receptionist at a local Asian radio station and mother of two young boys, was found by a passerby in Greenford near Ealing. A week later Sher Singh (18) was court charged with the mutilation and murder of the Asian mother of 2 young boys. Family members say Aulakh, who had recently separated from her husband of 11 years and was filing for divorce, had been threatened in the months leading up to her death.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Shanghai President Barack Obama pointedly nudged China to stop censoring Internet access, offering an animated defense of the tool that helped him win the White House and suggesting Beijing need not fear a little criticism.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, The EU Commission said over 45 countries who catch tuna have agreed to cut catches of the threatened Atlantic bluefin tuna next year.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, French tire maker Michelin announced plans to invest nearly 900 million dollars to build a tire plant to supply India's fast-growing vehicle market.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Kirkuk a parked car bomb exploded in a market, killing two civilians and wounding 10 others. An American soldier died of injuries sustained in a vehicle accident during a patrol. California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger dropped in on US troops in Iraq, thanking them for the sacrifices they and their families are making.
    (AP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 16, Some Israeli troops refused to follow orders during the military's evacuation of settlers at an unauthorized outpost and hoisted a sign opposing settlement evacuations. Four soldiers were sent to a military prison for up to a month, while two others were ordered confined to their base for a month.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, A 3-day summit on world hunger opened in Rome. Zimbabwe’s Pres. Mugabe used the UN summit on world hunger to lash out at the West and defend land reforms blamed for plunging his people into starvation. Some 60 heads of state and dozens of minister rejected a UN call to commit $44 billion annually for agricultural development in poor countries.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 16, In Mexico federal police officer Luis Angel Leon Rodriguez disappeared along with six fellow police as they headed to the western state of Michoacan to fight drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/22/12)
2009        Nov 16, In Mozambique a trail opened for former Transport Minister Antonio Munguambe and four former officials of a company that runs the country's airports. They were accused of stealing nearly $2 million from the company. It was the biggest corruption case to go to court in Mozambique since independence in 1975.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, It was reported that thousands of people, including children, are being secretly recruited and trained inside Kenya to battle Islamic insurgents in neighboring Somalia. Recruiters, about 2 months ago, started openly operating in Kenyan towns and in nearby huts and tents of the refugee camps.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In northwestern Pakistan a pickup truck laden with explosives blew up outside a police station, killing four people in an area that has become the focal point for militant retaliation against an army offensive along the nearby Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, The Palestinians asked the European Union to support their plan to ask the UN to recognize an independent Palestinian state without Israeli consent.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Russia Ivan Khutorskoi (26), an anti-hate crimes campaigner, was killed in the entrance of his Moscow apartment building with a shot to the head. The former punk rocker, known as the Bonebreaker, had provided security for meetings of antifascists. He also was known for organizing underground bare-knuckle boxing matches among them, and taking part in violent attacks on ultranationalists.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 16, Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky (37) died after being denied medical assistance for pancreatitis while in pretrial detention at Moscow's Butyrskaya jail. He was arrested in November 2008 on tax-evasion charges linked to his work with William Browder, a British investor barred from Russia in 2005, as an alleged security risk. On Nov 15, 2010, authorities claimed that Magnitsky was suspected of stealing the $230 million that he said Interior Ministry officers had defrauded from the state. Magnitsky originally testified against Interior Ministry officers Pavel Karpov and Artyom Kuznetsov, accusing them of stealing the money before the same officers initiated proceedings against him. On Nov 28, 2011, a private investigation, compiled by Browder, a US-born investor, concluded that Magnitsky was severely beaten and denied medical treatment in prison, and accused the government of failing to prosecute those responsible.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yc25jyq)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.57)(AP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/28/11)
2009        Nov 16, In southern Sudan 47 people were killed in ethnic clashes in the Lakes state region. The violence followed an attack a day earlier in which five were killed and a minister in the semi-autonomous south’s government was wounded in Central Equatoria state. It was all a continuation of traditional cattle raids, but with the use modern automatic weapons.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 16, A North Korean-crewed, Kiribati-flag, UK-British Virgin Islands owned, single-hulled chemical tanker named the MV Theresa VIII was hijacked with 28 crew members in the south Somali Basin, 180 nautical miles North West of the Seychelles. The ship was released on March 16, 2010, following a ransom payment.
    (AP, 3/16/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yeaum3r)
2009        Nov 16, Thai police arrested Samart Chokechoyma (36) and Kanokwan Wongsaroj (38) on charges of smuggling African ivory into the country to supply shops that sell jewelry and trinkets, including to customers in the US. DNA tests showed that it was of African origin.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, A Yemeni security official and the Japanese Embassy said armed tribesmen have kidnapped a Japanese engineer working on the construction of a school and demanded the government release one of their imprisoned tribe members. Takeo Mashimo was released on Nov 23.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/24/09)

2010        Nov 16, The United States said it has banned four senior Kenyan government officials and a prominent Kenyan businessman from traveling to the US because they are suspected of being involved in drug trafficking.
    (AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, US Senators Tom Coburn, M.D. (R-OK), Claire McCaskill (D-MO), John McCain (R-AZ) and Mark Udall (D-CO) announced their intention to force the US Senate to hold a public vote on a binding earmark moratorium at the earliest opportunity. The moratorium would go into effect immediately and last through fiscal year 2013.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mz6d6zp)
2010        Nov 16, US officials arrested Bruce Beresford-Redman, a former producer of hit TV show "Survivor," at his home in Los Angeles and held him for extradition to Mexico where he has been accused of murdering his wife in April.
    (Reuters, 11/17/10)
2010        Nov 16, A US congressional panel found New York Rep. Charles Rangel (80) guilty of 11 violations of House ethics rules.
    (SFC, 11/17/10, p.A7)
2010        Nov 16, In Mississippi the Southern Poverty Law Center sued the Walnut Grove Youth Correctional Facility on behalf of 13 plaintiffs who alleged sexual abuse and denial of medical treatment.
    (SFC, 11/17/10, p.A7)
2010        Nov 16, Viktor Bout (43), a suspected Russian arms dealer dubbed the "Merchant of Death," was flown out of Thailand to face trial in the United States following a long legal battle and fierce opposition from Moscow.
    (AFP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, Hollywood publicist Ronni Chasen (64) was shot to death in her car in Beverly Hills as she drove home after the party. Police later attributed her murder to a botched robbery by small-time convict Harold Martin Smith, who killed himself on Dec 1 as detectives attempted to question him.
    (AP, 12/2/10)(http://tinyurl.com/29scdch)(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A18)
2010        Nov 16, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai urged insurgents to abandon violence and accept offers of reconciliation from the government, using the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha to issue a plea for peace. In Kunduz province two Afghan men with government ties were killed by a bomb that had been hidden near the grave of one of their relatives. A British soldier was killed by insurgent gunfire in the southern province of Helmand. A homemade bomb also killed an ISAF service member in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/16/10)(Reuters, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 16, It was reported that Britain has agreed to pay hefty settlements to a group of former Guantanamo Bay detainees who sued the government for alleged complicity in their torture, one of the first big pay-outs stemming from the US-led war on terrorism.
    (AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping began a trip to mineral-rich South Africa aimed at securing resources for the Asian economic power, looking to extend its influence in the African continent.
    (Reuters, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, In Egypt a senior Brotherhood official said Egyptian police have rounded up about 600 Muslim Brotherhood members ahead of this month's parliamentary election and some 250 are still detained. In southern Egypt Muslims set fire overnight to at least 10 houses belonging to Coptic Christians in the village of al-Nawahid over rumors that a Christian resident had an affair with a Muslim girl. Coptic Christians make up about 10% of Egypt's population of 80 million.
    (AFP, 11/16/10)(AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, The European Union issued a stark assessment of the Irish debt crisis, warning that the future of the 27-nation bloc was at risk as ministers headed for talks on an increasingly probable rescue.
    (AFP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, In Greece dozens of far-right activists and local residents in Athens threw eggs and taunted hundreds of Muslim immigrants as they gathered to pray in a central square for Eid al-Adha surrounded by a protective cordon of riot police.
    (Reuters, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, India's national auditors slammed a former telecommunications minister over a multi-billion-dollar scandal in which government contracts were handed out at "unbelievably low prices." The row over the second-generation (2G) spectrum for mobile phones being sold in 2008 at far below market rates forced Andimuthu Raja to quit on Nov 14.
    (AFP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, Lebanese officials said Russia will provide the Lebanese army with free helicopters, tanks and munitions in a deal that will boost the country's poorly equipped military. This news came just days after two key members of the U.S. Congress released their holds on $100 million in US military aid to the Lebanese army.
    (AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, In Mexico Francisco Alberto Ruiz (35), a Colombian billing manager for Swiss-based oil services company Weatherford International, was found shot dead at the company's property in Tihuatlan, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 16, Myanmar's military government warned against filing complaints over the Nov. 7 election, a move that could spell trouble for pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi who has vowed to probe alleged voting irregularities.
    (AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, In Pakistan suspected American missiles slammed into a home and a speeding vehicle near the Afghan border, killing 20 alleged militants.
    (AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, In Saudi Arabia pilgrims performing the annual hajj cast pebbles at three stone walls representing Satan in a symbolic rejection of temptation, as Muslims around the world celebrated Islam's biggest holiday, the festival of sacrifice.
    (AP, 11/16/10)
2010        Nov 16, The UN Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recognized everything from the growing of corn, beans and chilies to Mexican dishes prepared with grinding stones and mortars as an ancient process worth safeguarding in the face of encroaching global influences. France's multi-course gastronomic meal, Flamenco in Spain and carpet-weaving in Azerbaijan also made the list.
    (AP, 11/17/10)

2011        Nov 16, US President Barack Obama arrived in Australia and announced a new security agreement with Australia. Obama said the US would keep sending a clear message that China needs to accept the responsibilities that come with being a world power.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, A California Legislative Analyst’s Office report said the state will collect billions of dollars less in revenue than expected and expect a budget deficit of $13 billion in the 2012-2013 fiscal year. California State Univ. trustees raised tuition by 9% as police in Long Beach clashed protesters at the system’s headquarters.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 16, In San Francisco police arrested 95 protesters who occupied a downtown BofA office at Davis and California streets.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.A14)
2011        Nov 16, In Missouri Shelby Dasher (20) was charged with murdering her son, after prosecutors say she admitted beating him because he wouldn't stop crying. She had claimed her 13-month-old son vanished from his crib. People walking their dog found Tyler Dasher's body a day earlier near a cemetery about a mile from his home.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, The Nebraska legislature voted 45-0 to advance a proposed law that would reroute the $7 billion TransCanada Keystone XL pipeline, avoiding the SandHills and Ogallala aquifer that environmental groups and many residents fear could be polluted by a spill.
    (Reuters, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Oscar Ramiro Ortega-Hernandez (21), a man with an apparent obsession with President Barack Obama, was arrested in Pennsylvania after the Secret Service discovered two bullets struck the White House while the president was away.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Washington DC a band of millionaires stormed Capitol Hill to urge Congress to tax them more.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Google launched its new online music service.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.68)
2011        Nov 16, At least six people were killed and dozens more injured as a storm system that spawned several possible tornadoes moved across the Southeast. Suspected tornadoes were reported in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and South Carolina.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai, at the opening of a grand council, or "loya jirga," told tribal elders that any ongoing partnership with the United States would need to include an end to widely unpopular nighttime raids by NATO and on the international forces handing over control of detention centers to Afghan troops. NATO said that three of its service members were killed in attacks in the south.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, London officials attached eviction notices to protest tents outside St. Paul's Cathedral, asking the demonstrators to remove them within a day or face legal action. More than 200 tents have been pitched outside the iconic church since Oct. 15 in a protest against capitalist excess inspired by New York's Occupy Wall Street, and the protesters said they would resist attempts to move them.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Outspoken Chinese artist Ai Weiwei said he feels like he has paid a ransom, after depositing $1.3 million into a government account while he contests a huge tax bill months after being held in police detention.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, In western China an overloaded school minibus crashed head-on with a truck, killing 21 people including 19 kindergarten children on their way to class in Gansu province.
    (AP, 11/16/11)(AFP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, Student leaders in Colombia called off a monthlong boycott of classes at public universities after the government met their demand to withdraw educational reform legislation.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Iran’s Cabinet approved a new regulation allowing tea houses to again offer water pipes to customers. The ban remains in place for other institutions, along with the general 2005 ban on smoking in restaurants, parks and other public places.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, Iraq executed a Tunisian man convicted of the 2006 bombing of a revered Shiite shrine that set off the worst of the country's sectarian violence. Yusri Fakhir was convicted earlier this year of the bombing on the al-Askari shrine in Sunni city of Samarra.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Iraq two Iranian pilgrims visiting Shiite shrines were killed when a bomb went off next to a minibus in which they were traveling.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Israel's domestic security agency Shin Bet said in a statement that Israeli forces have arrested four Palestinians accused of attacks against Israelis, including shooting at an army patrol. Israel allowed the first truckloads of a rare shipment of construction materials into Gaza to allow the reconstruction of 10 privately owned factories.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)(SFC, 11/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 16, Italy’s new premier Mario Monti (68) formed a new government of bankers, diplomats and business executives.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 16, In Jordan Najm Zoubi (20) hung himself after he and two others were arrested for questioning in a case whose details remain unknown. Relatives, suspecting that policemen beat Zoubi to death, torched the state building and four cars in the northern town of Ramtha.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, The presidents of Kenya, Uganda and Somalia said the dual-fronted fight against Islamist al-Shabab militants presents a "historic opportunity" to restore stability in Somalia.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Kuwait opposition activists stormed the parliament building as opposition lawmakers called for the prime minister to be questioned over accusations that officials transferred state funds to bank accounts outside the country. On Nov 24 twenty opposition activists were arrested for the melee.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 16, Lithuania’s government decided to nationalize Snoras Bankas. On Nov 23 arrest warrants were issued for Vladimir Antonov and Raimondas Baranauskas, former shareholders in the bank, on charges including embezzlement and forgery. At least €300 was thought to be missing.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.87)
2011        Nov 16, In Mexico Victor Manuel Martinez Cortez, a federal prosecutor for the border state of Coahuila, was about to leave his home in Torreon when he was attacked and killed while sitting in his car.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, In Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a minibus in the northwestern Tirah valley, killing six passengers and wounding two others. Militants attacked a military checkpoint in the Murghan area of the Kurram tribal region, killing one officer and wounding a soldier.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, On board the USS Fitzgerald in Manila Bay US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario signed a declaration calling for multilateral talks to resolve maritime disputes such as those in the South China Sea, contrasting China's policy of negotiating one-on-one with the Philippines and other Asian claimants.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Federal agents in Puerto Rico said they have seized 225 kg (nearly 500 pounds) of cocaine more than $4 million from a house owned by pro boxer Ivan Calderon. Calderon said the house was one of a number of investment properties he owns and that he was not aware of any illegal activities there.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, A court in Romania ordered the arrest of a Romanian man accused of hacking into NASA's servers in December, 2010, causing NASA losses of about $500,000 (euro371,000). A court spokesman said Robert Butyka (26) would be arrested for 29 days as he awaits trial.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, The rebel Free Syrian Army announced the creation of a temporary military council with the aim of ousting the regime of President Bashar al-Assad and protecting civilians from his forces. Army defectors attacked military and intelligence bases near the capital and an army checkpoint during a spate of assaults, killing at least 8 soldiers and security forces in the central province of Hama. Arab ministers gave Damascus "three days to stop the bloody repression," as at least 23 people were killed in violence.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)(AP, 11/16/11)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 16, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced a $10 million aid package for flood-ravaged Thailand during a visit to express solidarity.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Yemeni troops killed seven al-Qaida-linked militants, including an Iranian, a Pakistani and two Somali nationals, in the latest fighting in Zinjibar, provincial capital of Abyan. Anti-regime protesters, inspired by the suspension of Syria from the Arab League, staged a massive rally in Sanaa to urge the regional grouping to do the same with Yemen.
    (AP, 11/16/11)(AFP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, A Zimbabwe magistrate court freed three businessmen accused of espionage for allegedly selling state secrets to the United States, Canada and Afghanistan. Farai Rwodzi and Simba Mangwende, both executives at Africom Holdings, and Oliver Chiku of Global Satellite System still faced a lesser charge of violating the Post and Telecommunications Act.
    (AFP, 11/17/11)

2012        Nov 16, The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration issued a "heads up" directive putting officials on alert for an increase in human interaction with dolphins in the waters across Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. Authorities were investigating several attacks on dolphins in the northern Gulf of Mexico after some were found with gunshot wounds, cuts and missing jaws.
    (AP, 11/17/12)
2012        Nov 16, Hostess Brands, the bankrupted maker of Twinkies, Ding Dongs and other baked goods, said it is closing all of its 33 plants and 565 distribution centers nationwide and laying off 18,500 workers.
    (SFC, 11/17/12, p.A1)
2012        Nov 16, A string of crimes in San Jose, Ca., left one man dead and a police officer injured. Jonathan Wilbanks (26) was arrested following a gunbattle with police. Adonis Muldrow (15) escaped but was arrested on Nov 23 in Concord.
    (SFC, 11/28/12, p.C4)
2012        Nov 16, In Independence, Mo., 3 men broke into a house and fatally shot a woman, her son and her boyfriend. A 4th victim was critically injured.
    (SFC, 11/17/12, p.A4)
2012        Nov 16, In NYC Adis Medunjanin (28), a Bosnian immigrant convicted of plotting to blow up New York subways and other targets in 2010, was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Nov 16, In NYC Shopkeeper Rahmatollah Vahidipour (78) was shot a killed in Brooklyn. Ballistics evidence indicated that he was killed by the same gun that recently killed 2 other shopkeepers in the same area.
    (SFC, 11/19/12, p.A5)
2012        Nov 16, An oil platform of Texas-based Black Elk Energy caught fire in the Gulf of Mexico critically injuring 4 men with left 2 missing. A body of one of the missing was recovered the next day.
    (SFC, 11/17/12, p.A7)(SSFC, 11/18/12, p.A11)
2012        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 17 civilians traveling to a wedding in Farah province. 2 service members with the US-led military coalition were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, The body of Albania's only post-independence monarch, King Ahmet Zog I, was returned home more than 50 years after he died in exile in France.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Britain suspended all aid to the government of Uganda over new evidence that British taxpayers' money may have been stolen.
    (Reuters, 11/17/12)
2012        Nov 16, Thousands of Egyptians protested against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip as Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil visited the Palestinian enclave in a symbolic show of support for the territory's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Haitian officials confirmed 3,593 cases of cholera and 837 more suspected cases since Hurricane Sandy’s passage.
    (SFC, 11/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 16, In Iraq Ali Mussa Daqduq, a Hezbollah commander wanted by the United States,  was released from house arrest in Baghdad. The US believes Daqduq was the mastermind of a 2007 raid on an American military base in Karbala that killed five US soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Iraqi government forces and Kurdish guards clashed for the first time, sparked by a police hunt for a smuggler who sought refuge in a Kurdish political party office. A civilian was killed.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 16, Japanese PM Yoshihiko Noda dissolved the lower house of parliament, paving the way for elections in which his ruling party will likely give way to a weak coalition government divided over how to solve the nation's myriad problems.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Thousands of Jordanians took to the streets across the country to call for the ouster of their US-backed monarch in the fourth day of unrest sparked by fuel price hikes that have threatened the stability of this Arab kingdom.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Gaza militants targeted Tel Aviv for a 2nd day. Israeli aircraft targeted rocket launching operations of Gaza militants, but offered to suspend its offensive in the Gaza Strip during a brief visit by Egypt's premier.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, A Syrian general and a dozen other officers defected with their families to Turkey.
    (Reuters, 11/17/12)
2012        Nov 16, The Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in The Hague overturned the convictions of Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markac, two Croat generals for murdering and illegally expelling Serb civilians in a 1995 military blit. Both men returned home to a hero's welcome. The acquittals enraged hardline opponents of the UN court in Serbia who accuse its judges of anti-Serb bias.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2013        Nov 16, The governing body on the Hawaiian island of Kauai voted to override their mayor's veto of a bill that seeks to reign in widespread pesticide use and the testing of new genetically modified crops.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In North Dakota Craig Cobb was arrested along with Kynan Dutton over accusations they were brandishing firearms and sticks and threatening residents in the town of Leith. The white supremacists were charged on Nov 18 with terrorizing residents of Leith, where Cobb had sought to create a white enclave. On April 29, 2014, a state judge sentenced Cobb to four years probation but no additional jail time.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)(SFC, 4/30/14, p.A6)
2013        Nov 16, In Texas Franklin Davis of the Dallas area was sentenced to death for the killing his children’s babysitter, Shania Gray (16), to prevent her from testifying that he had raped her.
    (SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A8)
2013        Nov 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his car into an Afghan army vehicle providing security for a compound in Kabul where political and tribal elites are due to gather next week to debate a security pact with the US. 12 people were killed and 22 wounded.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)(AP, 11/17/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Brazil Jose Genoino, the former chairman of the ruling Workers' Party, surrendered to police after a court ruled that those convicted in a corruption scandal should serve their terms immediately.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Brazil the 12th edition of the Games of the Indigenous People ended in Cuiba, Mato Grosso state.
    (SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A7)
2013        Nov 16, PM David Cameron announced that Britain was providing a further 30 million pounds to help the relief effort after the devastating typhoon in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)   
2013        Nov 16, Britain's PM David Cameron threatened to push for an independent international inquiry into allegations of war crimes at the climax of Sri Lanka's 26-year civil war if the island nation does not conduct its own probe by March 2014.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Bulgaria tens of thousands of supporters of the main political parties gathered in Sofia and Plovdiv at pro- and anti-government rallies, reflecting the division that has paralyzed the nation for months.
    (AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In China 9 attackers and 2 auxiliary police officers were killed in an attack on a police station in Serikbuya township, near the historic Silk Road city of Kashgar, Xinjiang province. The clash reportedly erupted after a Uighur youth was shot dead, with 8 others subsequently being killed.
    (AFP, 11/17/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Dagestan Dmitri Sokolov, the husband of suicide bomber Naida Asiyalova, died after a stand-off with police. The Oct 21 Volgograd bombing killed six people on a bus.
    (AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Egypt a Muslim Brotherhood-led alliance said it is ready for a national dialogue to end the political standoff in the country, in an announcement that did not demand the return of the nation's toppled president to power.
    (AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In France between 2,000 and 4,000 freight trucks have closed off major highways and slowed traffic to a crawl on nine roadways to protest a proposed environmental tax on heavy loads.
    (AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Germany some 20,000 people marched through central Berlin to demand the government lift its 20-year ban on the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Guinea anti-government demonstrators barricaded roads and threw stones in Conakry in protest at a Supreme Court ruling handing September's controversial elections to the president's governing party.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Iraq a series of attacks in Baghdad and north Iraq left 4 policemen dead and a dozen people wounded.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Masoud Barzani, the president of Iraqi Kurdistan, called on Turkey's Kurds to back a flagging peace process with Ankara, making his first visit to southeastern Turkey in two decades in a show of support for PM Tayyip Erdogan.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, "Tir," by director Alberto Fasulo, an Italian film about a truck driver's travels across Europe, took the top award of best film at the Rome film festival.
    (AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Italy thousands of families marched in Naples to demand a quick cleanup of toxic waste that has been dumped by the local Camorra crime syndicate for decades.
    (AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, A local official said thousands of Syrian refugees have poured into Lebanon over the past two days as fighting between government forces and rebels has flared near the border.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In Libya fresh clashes erupted in Tripoli leaving 4 people dead. The weak, post-revolutionary government appealed for restraint.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A6) 
2013        Nov 16, Libya's National Oil Company said Berber protesters have ended their occupation of a gas terminal in western Libya that prompted the shutdown of an export pipeline to Italy.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, The Maldives held runoff elections. Abdulla Yameen, the half brother of former strongman Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, defeated former president  Mohamed Nasheed, securing 51.3% of the popular vote.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.41)
2013        Nov 16, In Mexico local media reported that the bodies of 7 people were found buried in several hidden graves in a rural area near the resort city of Acapulco. Six other bodies were found on Nov 14 in hidden graves in El Salto, another small town in the rural area outside of Acapulco. 18 bodies were found on Nov 15 buried in several buildings in Michoacan, which borders Guerrero to the north.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Niger said it has arrested around 30 people, including defense and security personnel, as part of a crackdown on human traffickers after the bodies of dozens of migrants were found in the Sahara desert last month.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Pakistan called in its army to quell sectarian unrest in three cities, after 9 people were killed and nearly 90 wounded in violent attacks across the country. The government imposed a rare curfew in Rawalpindi.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)(AP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Russia handed over a $2.3 billion aircraft carrier to India after years of delays, extending India's maritime reach in the Indian Ocean as it looks to counter China's assertive presence in the region.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, In South Korea a helicopter belonging to LG Electronics crashed after its propeller clipped the side of a 38-story apartment building. Its 2 pilots were killed.
    (SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A5)
2013        Nov 16, Sudan state radio reported that heavy fighting in a border region of Darfur has killed 100 people.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Syrian forces went on the offensive against rebels positioned along a major highway linking the capital with the coast, a strategic road that is likely to be used to extract chemical weapons from the country.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Tajikistan's long-running President Emomali Rakhmon was inaugurated for a fourth term, as he promised to alleviate the grinding poverty in the former Soviet country.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Vietnam’s state media said flooding has killed at least 28 people over the last 24 hours, with 9 others missing and nearly 80,000 people displaced in Quang Ngai province.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2014        Nov 16, In southern California the Crown Princess cruise ship arrived in San Pedro, Los Angeles County, with 172 people ill with the highly contagious norovirus. The ship had over 4,100 people on board.
    (SFC, 11/17/14, p.A8)
2014        Nov 16, In Afghanistan Shukria Barakzai, an outspoken female lawmaker, survived a suicide bombing attack on her vehicle, suffering slight wounds, but 3 civilian bystanders were killed.
    (Reuters, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, In Australia leaders from the G20 group of nations agreed to boost flagging global growth, tackle climate change and crack down on tax avoidance. Leaders completed a plan to boost global GDP by more than $2 trillion over five years. Russian President Vladimir Putin left summit in Brisbane early as US President Barack Obama accused Russia of invading Ukraine and Britain warned of a possible "frozen conflict" in Europe.
    (Reuters, 11/16/14)(SFC, 11/17/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 16, In China a fire in a carrot-packaging plant killed 18 people at the Longyuan Food Co. facility in Shouguang, Shandong province.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, In western Colombia Gen. Ruben Dario Alzate was surveying a rural energy project along the remote Atrato River when he and two others were snatched by armed men. The surprise capture by leftist rebels prompted President Juan Manuel Santos to suspend two-year-old peace talks.
    (AP, 11/17/14)
2014        Nov 16, French President Francois Hollande said he would not be pressured into delivering two warships to Russia, after delaying their handover due to the Ukraine crisis.
    (AFP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, In India a mob of junior doctors in Kolkata killed a suspected mobile phone thief at a medical college in a gruesome case of vigilante justice, tying him up and slashing his penis with a razor.
    (AFP, 11/17/14)
2014        Nov 16, In northern India a collision between a minibus and a truck killed 12 people in Uttar Pradesh state. 8 others were killed in Maharashtra state when a truck hit people waiting at a roadside bus station.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, In Iraq a series of explosions in Baghdad killed at least 5 people. A bombing claimed by the Islamic State militant group near the Baghdad International Airport left 5 wounded.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, On the Italian-Swiss border at least 4 people were killed as landslides triggered by torrential rain slammed into houses and buildings on either side of the border.
    (AFP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, Authorities in the Netherlands said they have identified a "highly pathogenic" strain of bird flu at a farm in the central area of the Netherlands and announced a temporary ban on all transport to and from poultry farms across the country. They said it was the highly contagious H5N8 strain first detected in Europe less than two weeks ago.
    (Reuters, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded on a pedestrian overpass in Kabacan in North Cotabato province, a town threatened by Muslim rebels in the past, wounding at least 17 people.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, Poland held regional elections. On Nov 22 official results said the ruling center-right Civic Platform (PO) won 179 seats in provincial assemblies. The conservative bloc led by PiS came 2nd, with 169 seats.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 16, Gulf states agreed to welcome Qatar back to the fold following a row over its support for Islamists. Last March Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the UAE announced the withdrawal of their envoys from Qatar in protest at its "interference" in their internal affairs by supporting Islamists.
    (AFP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 16, Romanians voted to choose their next president, with current PM Victor Ponta (42) the overwhelming favorite to win. Klaus Iohannis won a surprise victory against the leftist PM Victor Ponta.
    (AFP, 11/16/14)(Reuters, 12/21/14)
2014        Nov 16, In northern Spain a fire has destroyed one of the country’s largest meat producing plants and created a plume of black smoke that forced the closure of a highway in the northern city of Burgos.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, In Syria the US-led coalition against the Islamic State jihadist group carried out a series of air strikes overnight on Kobane. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that the toll since fighting began had risen to 1,153, including 27 civilians, 398 Kurdish YPG fighters, 16 non-Kurdish rebels backing the YPG and 712 Islamic State fighters.
    (AFP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, An Islamic State group video released today purported to show extremists beheading a dozen Syrian soldiers. It ended with a militant claiming to have killed US aid worker Peter Kassig (26). Kassig had formed the aid organization Special Emergency Response and Assistance, or SERA, in Turkey to aid Syrian refugees. He delivered food and medical supplies and provided trauma care to wounded Syrian civilians before being captured in eastern Syria last year.
    (AP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, Tanzanian officials said parliament has received a report on the findings of an investigation into corruption allegations in the energy sector and will present its findings to parliament on November 26.
    (Reuters, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, Zimbabwe's vice president Joice Mujuru hit back at charges of plotting to challenge President Robert Mugabe and said calls for her to resign were unconstitutional, her first public response to weeks of attacks by state-owned media.
    (Reuters, 11/17/14)

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