Today in History - November 18

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1177        Nov 18, Saladin marched north from Egypt with 26,000 light cavalry intent on capturing the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
    (ON, 6/07, p.5)(www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_ramleh.html)

1307        Nov 18, William Tell shot an apple off his son's head.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1421        Nov 18, Southern sea flooded 72 villages, killing 10,000 in Netherlands.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1477        Nov 18, William Claxton published the first dated book printed in England. “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers," by Earl Rivers. It was a translation from the French. [see 1473/1474]
    (HN, 11/18/99)

1497        Nov 18, Vasco da Gama reached the Cape of Good Hope.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1527        Nov 18, Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter and sculptor, was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1626        Nov 18, Pope Urban VIII consecrated St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. Construction had begun in 1506.
    (HN, 11/18/98)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.A2)

1678        Nov 18, Giovanni Maria Bononcini (36), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1680        Nov 18, Jean-Baptiste Loeillet, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1718        Nov 18, Voltaire's "Oedipe" premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1736        Nov 18, Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1745        Nov 18, Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupied Carlisle. [see Nov 29]
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1776        Nov 18, Hessians captured Ft Lee, NJ.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1786        Nov 18, Karl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber, German composer (Der Freischutz), was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1787        Nov 18, Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French painter (daguerreotype), was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1787        Nov 18, Sojourner Truth, abolitionist and feminist, was born. [see Nov 19]
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1787        Nov 18, The 1st Unitarian minister in US was ordained in Boston.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1789        Nov 18, Louis Jacques Daguerre (d.1851), French painter, physicist and photography pioneer, was born. He invented the process of setting the impression on a light-sensitive, silver-coated metallic plate and developed by mercury vapor. See contrasting info 1765-1833, Nicephore Niepce, French lithographer.
    (AHD, 1971, p.332)(HN, 11/18/00)

1803        Nov 18, The Battle of Vertieres was fought. Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758), Haitian rebel leader, led his army to decisive victory over the French with his slogan "Cut off their heads and burn down their houses."
    (www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/168.html)(HFA, ‘96, p.42)(AP, 4/7/03)

1804        Nov 18, Palver Purim (Feast of Lots) was 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape. The Jewish festival marked the deliverance of the Jews in Persia from Haman.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1167)(MC, 11/18/01)

1810        Nov 18, Asa Gray (d.1888), American botanist, was born. He wrote “Gray's Manual."
    (HN, 11/18/00)

1820        Nov 18, U.S. Navy Capt. Nathaniel B. Palmer discovered the frozen continent of Antarctica.
    (AP, 11/18/97)

1824        Nov 18, Franz Sigel (d.1902), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1836        Nov 18, William S. Gilbert (d.1911), English playwright, librettist and humorist, was born. He was one half of Gilbert & Sullivan.  "Life is a joke that's just begun."
    (HN, 11/18/00)

1841        Nov 18, Georg Chistoph Grosheim (77), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1848        Nov 18, In San Francisco the Californian and the California Star newspapers merged and began publishing under Edward Kemble (19) as The Star and Californian.
    (PI, 8/8/98, p.5)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.C1)

1860        Nov 18, Ignacy Jan Paderewski (d.1941), composer and 3rd prime minister of Poland (1919), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignacy_Jan_Paderewski)

1861        Nov 18, The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress was held in Richmond.
    (HN, 11/18/98)
1861        Nov 18, Poet and abolitionist Julia Ward Howe (inset) accompanied her husband, Dr. Samuel Howe, to Fort Griffin, Virginia, to review Union troops defending the capital. The ceremony was cut short when the Federals were forced to give chase to a nearby party of Confederates. Dr. and Mrs. Howe returned to their Washington hotel, but Mrs. Howe awoke in the early morning hours with "long lines" of a poem in her mind. She rose in darkness and wrote six stanzas of The Battle Hymn of the Republic on her husband's stationery based on chapter 63 of the Old Testament’s Book of Isaiah. In February 1862, The Atlantic Monthly printed the poem for a $5 payment. Soon troops all over the North were singing the stirring words to the popular tune of John Brown's Body, which had been composed in 1852.
    (HNPD, 11/20/98)(HNQ, 5/21/02)

1865        Nov 18, Mark Twain's first story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" was published in the New York Saturday Press. Biologists later thought that the frog named Dan’l Webster by Twain was a California red-legged frog and currently endangered.
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-6)(HN, 11/18/00)

1870        Nov 18, Dorthea Dix, pseudonym for Elizabeth Gilman, who wrote syndicated advice, was born.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1874        Nov 18, Clarence Day, American writer, was born in NYC. His work included “Life with Father."
    (HN, 11/18/00)(MC, 11/18/01)

1882        Nov 18, Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian operatic soprano, was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1882        Nov 18, Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), was born.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1883        Nov 18, Antonin Dvorak's "Hussite Overture," premiered.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1883        Nov 18, The United States and Canada adopted a system of Standard Time zones. The railroad companies got together and established standard railroad time to increase safety and surmount complex scheduling on local times. This put an end to “God’s time."
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(NG, March 1990, p.115)(AP, 11/18/97)(WSJ, 3/31/05, p.D8)
1883        Nov 18, Wilhelm Siemens, German-British physicist (steam engine), died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1886        Nov 18, Chester A. Arthur (56), 21st president of the United States (1881-1885), died in New York.
    (AP, 11/18/97)

1894        Nov 18, 1st Sunday newspaper color comic section published in the NY World.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1899        Nov 18, Music conductor Eugene Ormandy was born in Budapest, Hungary.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1900        Nov 18, Dr. Howard Thurman, theologian and first African American to hold a full time position at Boston University, was born.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1901        Nov 18, George Horatio Gallup, American journalist and statistician, was born in Jefferson, Iowa.
    (HN, 11/18/98)(MC, 11/18/01)
1901        Nov 18, The 2nd Hay-Pauncefote Treaty was signed. The U.S. was given extensive rights by Britain for building and operating a canal through Central America.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1902        Nov 18, Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton named the teddy bear after Teddy Roosevelt.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1903        Nov 18, The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty was signed, granting the United States a strip of land across the Isthmus of Panama and the right to build and fortify the Panama Canal. Building an interoceanic canal was not a new idea at the turn of the 20th century, but U.S. acquisition of California in 1848 and territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean after the Spanish-American War made the canal crucial to American foreign policy. In January 1903, the Hay-Herran Treaty with Columbia--Panama was a part of Columbia--would have given the United States the land and the right to build a canal across Panama, but Columbia refused to ratify the treaty. Subsequently, Panamanian rebels--encouraged by American agents--rose against Columbia on November 3, 1903. After a one-day coup, in which an American warship offshore prevented Columbia from quelling the revolt and the only casualty was a donkey, Panama declared her independence. A jubilant President Theodore Roosevelt, pictured here at a Panama Canal construction site, recognized the new republic three days later. The Panama Canal, a cornerstone of Roosevelt's aggressive foreign policy, was completed in 10 years.
    (HNPD, 11/18/98)

1905        Nov 18, George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara," premiered in London.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1905        Nov 18, The Norwegian Parliament elected Prince Charles of Denmark to be the next King of Norway. Prince Charles took the name Haakon VII.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1906        Nov 18, Anarchists bombed Rome’s St. Peter’s Cathedral.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1908        Nov 18, Imogene Coca d.2001), later co-star with Sid Caesar of the 1950s "Your Show of Shows" TV program, was born in Philadelphia.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A29)(AP, 11/18/08)

1909        Nov 18, John Herndon Mercer [Johnny Mercer] (d.1976), songwriter, was born in Savannah, Ga. John Herndon Mercer died on Jun 25, 1976, and was buried in Boneventure Cemetery in Savannah, Ga.
    (SFEC, 11/30/97, p.T5)(HN, 11/18/00)
1909        Nov 18, US invaded Nicaragua and later overthrew Pres Zelaya.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1911        Nov 18, Alfred Binet, French child psychologist, died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1912        Nov 18, Cholera broke out in Constantinople.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1916        Nov 18, Gen. Douglas Haig finally called off 1st Battle of the Somme in Europe.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1919        Nov 18, H. Tierney's and J. McCarthy's musical "Irene," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1921        Nov 18, New York City considered varying work hours to avoid long traffic jams.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1922        Nov 18, Marcel Proust (b.1871), French author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), died at 51. His masterpiece was “Remembrance of Things Past." In 1998 it was turned into a comic book series. In 1998 Alain de Botton published the whimsical "How Proust Can Save Your Life." In 1999 Edmund White wrote the biography "Marcel Proust." The major biography by John Yves Taddie was scheduled to appear in English in 1999. In 2000 Roger Shattuck authored “Proust’s Way." William C. Carter authored “Marcel Proust: A Life."
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.3)(SFEC, 9/3/00, BR p.3)(MC, 11/18/01)

1923        Nov 18, Alan Shepard, the first American astronaut in space, was born in East Derry, NH.
    (HN, 11/18/98)(MC, 11/18/01)

1928        Nov 18, Walt Disney’s "Steamboat Willie," starring Mickey Mouse, premiered at the Colony Theater in NYC. It was the first successful sound-synchronized animated cartoon.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1928)(AP, 11/18/97)

1929        Nov 18, Dr. Vladimir K. Zworykin demonstrated the "kinescope."
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1929        Nov 18, A large quake in Atlantic broke the Transatlantic cable in 28 places.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1929        Nov 18, Stalin sent troops to Manchuria.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1930        Nov 18, The musical "Smiles" with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1936        Nov 18, The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco was joined.
    (HN, 11/18/98)
1936        Nov 18, Germany and Italy recognized the Spanish government of Francisco Franco.
    (AP, 11/18/97)

1939        Nov 18, Margaret Atwood, Canadian writer, was born. Her books included “The Edible Woman" and “The Handmaid's Tale."
    (HN, 11/18/00)
1939        Nov 18, The Irish Republican Army exploded three bombs in Picadilly Circus.
    (HN, 11/18/98)
1939        Nov 18, The Netherland KNSM passenger ship Simon Bolivar hit a German mine and 86 died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1941        Nov 18, British troops opened an attack on Tobruk, North Africa.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1941        Nov 18, Mussolini's forces left Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1942        Nov 18, Jeffrey Siegel, pianist (Chicago Symph), was born in Chicago Ill.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1942        Nov 18, Thornton Wilder's "Skin of our Teeth," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1942        Nov 18, An AT-7 Beechcraft military training plane crashed in the Mendel Glacier in California’s Kings Canyon National Park. The 4-member training flight left Mather Field in Sacramento, Ca., and was never heard from again. On Sep 24, 1947, a hiker discovered wreckage of the plane on a glacier in Kings Canyon. On Oct 16, 2005, a climber on the Mendel Glacier discovered a body believed to be one of the crew members. He was later identified as Leo M. Mustonen (22) of Brainerd, Minn. The others were John M. Mortenson (25) of Moscow, Idaho, William R. Gamber (23) of Fayette, Ohio, and Ernest G. Munn of St. Clairsville, Ohio. A 2nd body was found under receding snow in 2007 and was identified Ernest G. Munn.
    (SFC, 10/20/05, p.A14)(SSFC, 10/23/05, p.B2)(SFC, 11/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 2/9/06, p.A4)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.B2)(SFC, 3/10/08, p.B2)

1943        Nov 18, 444 British bombers attacked Berlin.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1943        Nov 18, U-211 sank in the Atlantic Ocean.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1949        Nov 18, Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers was named the National League's Most Valuable Player.
    (AP, 11/18/97)
1949        Nov 18, The U.S. Air Force grounded B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1950        Nov 18, Bureau of Mines disclosed its first production of oil from coal in practical amounts.
    (HN, 11/18/98)
1950        Nov 18, South Korea Pres. Syngman Rhee was forced to end mass executions.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1951        Nov 18, "See it Now" premiered on TV.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1951        Nov 18, Chuck Connors, former Cubs 1st baseman and future TV star of Rifleman, became the 1st player to oppose the major league draft.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1951        Nov 18, Two 4-engine Korean airlift planes collided above Oakland Municipal Airport. One plane crashed and the crew of 3 were killed. The other made an emergency landing at SFO.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, WB p.G4)
1951        Nov 18, British troops occupied Ismailiya, Egypt. [see Jan 20, 1952]
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1955        Nov 18, Bell X-2 rocket plane was taken up for its 1st powered flight.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1957        Nov 18, Antonin Novotny (1904-1975) was appointed president of Czechoslovakia and served to 1968.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton%C3%ADn_Novotn%C3%BD)

1958        Nov 18, The cargo freighter SS Carl D. Bradley sank during a storm in Lake Michigan, claiming 33 of the 35 lives on board.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
1958        Nov 18, The 1st true reservoir in Jerusalem opened.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1959        Nov 18, "Ben-Hur," the Biblical-era movie spectacle starring Charlton Heston, had its world premiere in New York.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1961        Nov 18, JFK sent 18,000 military "advisors" to South Vietnam.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1962        Nov 18, Niels Bohr (77), Danish physicist (atom, Nobel 1922), died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1964        Nov 18, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover described civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. as "the most notorious liar in the country" for accusing FBI agents in Georgia of failing to act on complaints filed by blacks.
    (AP, 11/18/04)   

1965        Nov 18, Henry A. Wallace (77), VP (1941-45) and founder (Progressive Party), died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1966        Nov 18, US Roman Catholic bishops did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays outside of Lent.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
1966        Nov 18, Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1968        Nov 18, Soviets recovered the Zond 6 spacecraft after a flight around the moon.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1969        Nov 18, Financier Joseph Kennedy (b.1888), patriarch of the Kennedy family, died at Hyannis Port, Mass. He had served as the first chairman of the SEC (1934-1935) and as the US ambassador to the United Kingdom (1938-1940). In 2012 David Nasaw authored “The Patriarch: The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P. Kennedy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_P._Kennedy,_Sr.)(SSFC, 12/9/12, p.E2)

1970        Nov 18, US President Richard Nixon requested Congress to approve $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government. $85 million was later allocated for military assistance. Cambodia’s PM Lon Nol (1913-1985) had officially invited the US to extend the war in Vietnam into Cambodia to wreck the Ho Chi Minh supply trail.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lon_Nol)
1970        Nov 18, Warren Harding (d.2002 at 77) and Dean Caldwell scaled a new route up El Capitan in Yosemite Valley after a 27 days effort. Harding 1st scaled El Capitan in 1958.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A24)

1971        Nov 18, The US federal Airborne-Hunting Act prohibited shooting animals from planes without license.
    (WSJ, 12/9/03, p.A1)(www.fws.gov/laws/lawsdigest/AIRBORN.HTML)

1973        Nov 18, The Greek regime called an emergency crisis due to mass protests.
    (www.athensinfoguide.com/history/t9-97-7polytechnic.htm)

1975        Nov 18, Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver (1935-1998) returned to US to face assault charges from 1958.
    (www.pbs.org/hueypnewton/people/people_cleaver.html)

1976        Nov 18, Man Ray (b.1890), American Dada artist, died. He was born as Emmanuel Radnitsky in Philadelphia and spent much of his time in France. His relationship with photographer Lee Miller inspired both his painting and her photography.
    (WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_Ray)(SFC, 7/14/12, p.E2)
1976        Nov 18, Spain's parliament approved a bill to establish a democracy after 37 years of dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/18/97)

1978        Nov 18, In Jonestown, Guyana, California Rep. Leo J. Ryan and four other people, investigating the Jim Jones cult, were killed by members of the Peoples Temple. Greg Robinson, a SF Examiner photographer, Don Harris, NBC correspondent, Bob Brown, NBC cameraman, and Patricia Parks, a temple defector, were shot dead. Congressional aide Jackie Speier survived 5 bullets. The killings were followed by a night of mass murder and suicide. 918 people died at Jonestown, including 260 children. In 1982 John Jacobs and Tim Reiterman authored "Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev. Jim Jones and His People." In 2010 Laura Johnston Kohl authored “Jonestown Survivor: An Insider’s Look." In 2011 survivors unveiled a memorial at Evergreen Cemetery in Oakland, Ca., with the names of all the dead.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Jones)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.22)(AP, 11/18/97)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A18)(SFC, 5/25/00, p.C2)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/4ync97m)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.C1)

1979        Nov 18, Ayatollah Khomeini said the rest of the US hostages may be tried as spies if the Shah is not released.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1979-11/1979-11-18-ABC-2.html)

1981        Nov 18, In Los Angeles Kazuyoshi Miura and his wife (28), visitors from Japan, were shot in a downtown parking lot. His wife went into a coma and later died in Japan. In 1985 Miura was arrested on suspicion of assaulting his wife for insurance money and in 1994 he was convicted of murder. In 1998 a Japanese high court overturned the sentence. In 2008 Miura was arrested in Saipan. He was extradited to the US and committed suicide by hanging on Oct 10, 4 days prior to arraignment on murder conspiracy charges. He was 61.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.B3)(SFC, 10/15/08, p.B4)
1981        Nov 18, Achilles G. Rizzoli (b.1896), SF architectural visionary, died. He created a 2,600 page illustrated philosophical tract. The first book on his art by Jo Farb Hernandez, John Beardsley and Roger Cardinal was published in 1997: "A.G. Rizzoli: Architect of Magnificent Visions." His apparent architectural drawings were "symbolizations" of people he knew.
    (www.popsubculture.com/pop/bio_project/a_g_rizzoli.html)(SFEC, 3/22/98, DB p.9)(SFEC, 4/12/98, p.D5)(SFC, 9/7/13, p.C1)

1983        Nov 18, In Ohio Jenean Brown (19) went missing. Her body  was found 36 hours later outside Toledo. She had been beaten and nearly decapitated. In 2013 DNA tests linked Andrew Gustafson (56) to her murder. In 2014 Gustafson pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter and rape and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/23/14, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/lrsnwx3)
1983        Nov 18, Argentina announced its ability to produce enriched uranium for nuclear weapons.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1984        Nov 18, The Soviets helped deliver U.S. wheat during the Ethiopian famine.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1985        Nov 18, Bill Watterson’s comic strip Calvin and Hobbes began a 10-year run that ended Dec 31, 1995. In 2005 Watterson published his 3-volume set: The complete Calvin and Hobbes."
    (SSFC, 10/16/05, p.M1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvin_and_Hobbes)
1985        Nov 18, Hai Vo of San Francisco won $2 million in the California state lottery. He had purchased his winning ticket with state welfare benefits.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, DB p.50)

1987        Nov 18, The congressional Iran-Contra committees issued their final report, saying President Reagan bore "ultimate responsibility" for wrongdoing by his aides.
    (AP, 11/18/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_Affair)
1987        Nov 18, CBS Inc. announced it had agreed to sell its records division to Sony Corp. for about $2 billion.
    (AP, 11/18/97)
1987        Nov 18, Thirty-one people died in a fire at King's Cross, London's busiest subway station.
    (AP, 11/18/97)

1988        Nov 18, President Reagan signed legislation creating a Cabinet-level drug czar and providing the death penalty for drug traffickers who kill.
    (AP, 11/18/98)

1989        Nov 18, Pennsylvania became the 1st state to restrict abortions after Supreme Court gave states the right to do so.
    (http://tinyurl.com/fef7u)
1989        Nov 18, Longshoreman Buck Helm died at a hospital in Oakland, almost a month after he was pulled from a section of the Nimitz Freeway flattened by the northern California earthquake.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1990        Nov 18, President Bush began a series of meetings in Paris with allied leaders aimed at solidifying support for his Persian Gulf policies.
    (AP, 11/18/00)
1990        Nov 18, In Iraq Saddam offered to free an estimated 2,000 men held in Kuwait.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1990        Nov 18, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met at the Vatican with Pope John Paul the Second, who said all possible efforts should be made to avoid war in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 11/18/00)

1991        Nov 18, Vukovar, capital of eastern Slavonia, fell to the Serbs. They removed some 260 wounded Croat patients, hospital staff and political activists sheltered in the Vukovar hospital and took them to the village of Ovcara where most were shot and buried. On Mar 26, 1996 Slavko Dokmanovic, the Serb mayor of Vukovar, was indicted for his role in the incident. Investigators began uncovering bodies from the mass grave in Sep, 1996. In Oct, 1996, a mass grave of about 100 bodies was uncovered. When Serbs captured eastern Slavonia most of its 68,000 Croat residents were displaced to other parts of Croatia. In 1998 Dokmanovic hanged himself in jail at the Hague. In 1998 the book "The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar" was published with photographs by Gilles Peress and text by Eric Stover. In 1999 Vukovar returned to Croatian control.
    (SFC, 9/12/96, p.A13)(SFC, 10/3/96, p.A14)(SFC, 4/11/97, p.A12)(SFC, 6/28/97, p.A10)(SFC, 6/30/98, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/20/98, BR p.6)(Econ, 11/29/03, p.47)
1991        Nov 18, France deported Marlon Brando's daughter Cheyenne (21) to Tahiti to face charges of acting as an accomplice in the killing of her lover last year.
    (http://tinyurl.com/p9yhg)
1991        Nov 18, Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon freed Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland, the American dean of agriculture at the American University of Beirut.
    (AP, 11/18/01)

1992        Nov 18, "Malcolm X" with Denzel Washington premiered in US.
    (www.metacritic.com/video/titles/malcolmx)
1992        Nov 18, President-elect Clinton began a two-day whirlwind visit to the nation's capital by meeting with President Bush.
    (AP, 11/18/97)
1992        Nov 18, Dorothy Kirsten (82), US soprano, died in Los Angeles from stroke. Her 1982 autobiography was titled “A Time to Sing."
    (www.maurice-abravanel.com/kirsten_dorothy.html)

1993        Nov 18, The U.S. House of Representatives joined the Senate in approving legislation aimed at protecting abortion facilities, staff and patients.
    (AP, 11/18/98)
1993        Nov 18, American Airlines flight attendants went on strike. They ended their job action four days later.
    (AP, 11/18/98)
1993        Nov 18, Representatives of 21 South African political parties approved a new constitution.
    (AP, 11/18/98)

1994        Nov 18, "Star Trek VII Generations," premiered.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1994        Nov 18, The Commerce Department reported that America's trade deficit worsened to $10.13 billion in September.
    (AP, 11/18/99)
1994        Nov 18, Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (b.1907), American jazz singer and bandleader, died in Hockessin, Del., at age 86.
    (AP, 11/18/99)
1994        Nov 18, Fifteen people were killed and more than 150 wounded when Palestinian police opened fire on rioting worshippers outside a mosque in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1995        Nov 18, With no relief in sight from a budget impasse that forced a partial federal shutdown, the House rebelled against Republican leaders during a raucous Saturday session and voted to oppose formally adjourning the chamber until Monday. GOP leaders put the chamber into recess anyway.
    (AP, 11/18/00)
1995        Nov 18, Mike Foster was elected as the 53rd governor of Louisiana.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisiana_gubernatorial_election,_1995)

1996        Nov 18, Harold James Nicholson, former CIA station chief, was arrested for espionage. He was said to have started passing information to Russia from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in June of 1994 and collected [more than $120,000] as much as $180,000. Nicholson later pleaded guilty to espionage and was sentenced to 23 1/2 years in prison. He was spared a life sentence for cooperating with investigators.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(AP, 11/18/97)
1996        Nov 18, In Belarus Prime Minister Mikhail Chigir resigned and 75 of 199 lawmakers signed petitions to impeach president Lukashenko.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A13)
1996        Nov 18, In Moldova Pres. Mircea Snegur and Parliament Speaker Petru Lucinschi went into 2nd round elections. Voters seemed to seek a diminished relationship with Russia and closer ties with Romania.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A14)
1996        Nov 18, Rwandan troops descended on the Chimanga refugee camp in eastern Zaire (later CongoDRC) and opened fire killing some 500 refugees.
    (Econ, 9/4/10, p.51)(http://tinyurl.com/29j5mmv)
1996        Nov 18, In Thailand Chavalit Yongchaiyudh, former defense minister, led the New Aspiration Party to victory in elections and recruited 5 other parties to form a coalition government.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A15)

1997        Nov 18, Charles Frazier won the National Book Award for his novel “Cold Mountain." The best-seller was about a Confederate soldier trying to return to his North Carolina home.
    (USAT, 11/19/97, p.22A)(SFC, 4/9/02, p.D2)
1997        Nov 18, The FBI officially pulled out of the probe into the TWA Flight 800 disaster, saying the explosion that destroyed the Boeing 747, killing all 230 people aboard, was not caused by a criminal act.
    (AP, 11/18/98)
1997        Nov 18, In the US First Union Corp. announced the purchase of CoreStates Financial Corp. for $16.1 billion.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
1997        Nov 18, The Willem de Kooning painting, "Two Standing Women," sold for $4,182,500.
    (www.artnet.com/Magazine/news/robinson/robinson11-19-97.asp)
1997        Nov 18, In India a school bus plunged into the Yamuna River in New Delhi and at least 30 children were killed and another 20 missing. The driver was reported to be racing another bus.
    (SFC, 11/19/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 18, Holocaust survivors from Latvia received the first checks from a $200 million fund set up by Swiss banks. Individual survivors were to each receive $1000.
    (SFC, 11/19/97, p.C4)
1997        Nov 18, In Russia Tariq Aziz and Pres. Yeltsin worked on a peaceful resolution to the UN weapons inspection crises and announced a plan.
    (SFC, 11/19/97, p.A19)
1997        Nov 18, In Taiwan Chen Chin-hsing held a South African embassy official and his family hostage and demanded the release of his wife and brother-in-law.
    (SFC, 11/19/97, p.C3)
1997        Nov 18, In Tajikistan Karine Mane of France, a UN worker for the High Commissioner for refugees, was kidnapped along with Franck Janier-Dubry in Dushanbe.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)

1998        Nov 18, Alice McDermott won the National Book Award in fiction for her novel “Charming Billy." The non-fiction prize went to Edward Ball for his “slaves in the Family." Gerald Stern won in the poetry category.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.E3)
1998        Nov 18, The GOP nominated Bob Livingston of Louisiana to replace Newt Gingrich as speaker, and for the 1st time elected an African-American, Oklahoma’s J.C. Watts, to their leadership. Livingston, however, resigned from the House before he could take over the speakership after admitting to marital infidelities.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/18/99)
1998        Nov 18, In Jakarta thousands marched in continuing protests. It was also reported that students were killed the previous week with live bullets. The military had insisted that only plastic and blank ammunition was issued.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 18, Frederick McPhail (27), a graduate student from NYU, was found dead in a car in Mexico City. In 1999 13 current and former police officers were arrested as suspects in a gang that robbed and kidnapped tourists. In 2000 6 former police officers received sentences as long as 98 years for the death of McPhail, whom they robbed and forced to drink a bottle of alcohol.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)
1998        Nov 18, Serbian Pres. Milan Milutinovic rejected a US blueprint for the future of Kosovo, saying that it gave too much power to the ethnic Albanians.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 18, The Swedish bank Skandinavska Enskilda acquired a 32% stake in Esti Uhispank of Estonia, as well as a 36% stake in Latvia’s Latvijas Unibanka. Skandinavska Enskilda, controlled by the Wallenberg family, was also negotiating a deal to acquire interest in Vilniaus Bank of Lithuania.
    (WSJ, 11/19/98, p.A16)

1999        Nov 18, Pres. Clinton at a conference in Turkey of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) urged Pres. Yeltsin to stop the bombing and rocket attacks in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 18, US Congress approved a $385 billion compromise spending bill. It included funds to pay UN dues and restored $12 billion worth of cuts in the Medicare program.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A3)
1999        Nov 18, A jury in Jasper, Texas, convicted Shawn Allen Berry of murder for his role in the dragging death of James Byrd Junior, but spared him the death penalty.
    (AP, 11/18/00)
1999        Nov 18, The US Sacagawea "Golden Dollar" coin went into full production.
    (WSJ, 11/19/99, p.C15)
1999        Nov 18, In College Station, Texas, a pyramid of logs for a traditional football bonfire collapsed and killed 11 students of Texas A&M University. One of 28 injured died the next day.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 18, Paul Bowles, author and composer, died in Tangiers at age 88. His written work included the novel "The Sheltering Sky," which was made into a 1990 film. He also wrote "Let It Come Down," "The Spider's House" and "Up Above the World." His music included a "Sonata for Oboe and Clarinet."
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D8)(WSJ, 11/23/99, p.A22)
1999        Nov 18, In Afghanistan Taliban fighter planes bombed the opposition held Panjshir Valley and at least 13 people were killed and 64 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)
1999        Nov 18, In Brazil assailants broke into a house in Sao Vicente and shot 8 people to death, 2 men, 3 boys and 3 women.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 18, The UN high commissioner for refugees, Sadako Ogata, visited Chechen refugee camps in Ingushetia. Some 215,000 refugees had fled Russian attacks.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 18, In the southern Philippines fighting between government troops and separatist rebels left at least 32 dead.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)

2000        Nov 18, In Florida the absentee ballot count raised Gov. Bush’s lead over Al Gore to 930 votes. George W. Bush's campaign fiercely attacked the hand-recounting of votes in Florida's presidential election, depicting a process riddled with human error and Democratic bias; Al Gore's lawyers defended the effort in papers filed with the state Supreme Court.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/18/01)
2000        Nov 18, Some 2000 women from 19 Arab countries met in Cairo to push for improved status in their male-dominated societies.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.C16)
2000        Nov 18, A Palestinian police officer sneaked into a Jewish settlement in Gaza and shot dead an Israeli soldier. He wounded 2 others before he was killed.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 18, Ivan Shchur (34), a Russian merchant seaman, was rescued from the barge Meridian, after being adrift in Arctic ice floes for over 3 weeks.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A14)

2001        Nov 18, In Georgia thousands demonstrated outside Fort Benning during the annual march to the post to protest the School of the Americas training for Latin America soldiers.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 18, Phillips Petroleum and Conoco Inc. announced they were merging in a $35 billion deal that created the third-largest U.S. oil and gas company.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A13)(AP, 11/18/02)
2001        Nov 18, The IMF and World Bank ended their meeting in Ottawa and made a call for increasing aid to developing countries.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 18, Northern Alliance leaders agreed to join UN sponsored talks to form a new government. Haji Qadir formed a new alliance to govern Jalalabad. US planes continued strikes around Kunduz and Kandahar. US strikes on a Taliban convoy were later considered as a marking point for the downfall of the Taliban.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A1,3)(SFC, 1/2/02, p.A6)
2001        Nov 18, In London some 15,000 people of the Stop the War coalition demonstrated against US-led bombing in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 18, In Bulgaria Socialist Georgi Parvanov (44) won 53% of the presidential vote against incumbent Petar Stoyanov. This signaled discontent with the pace of reforms of PM Simeon Saxcoburggotski.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 18, Russia dropped all conditions and opened talks with Chechnya.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Nov 18, In Spain 8 men, Soldiers of Allah, detained last week were reported to be members of the al Qaeda network and to have played a role in the Sep 11 attacks.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A5)(SFC, 11/20/01, p.A7)

2002        Nov 18, A US federal review court expanded the government's power to use wiretaps and searches to prosecute suspected terrorists and spies.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 18, James Coburn (74), film actor, died. His films included "Our Man Flint" and "The Magnificent Seven."
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 18, It was reported that Dubai was constructing the $5.5 billion Palm Island resort project, scheduled for completion in 2006. The $4.9 billion Dubailand tourist city included 45 theme parks, sports centers and discovery zones.
    (WSJ, 11/18/02, p.A1)(Econ, 12/6/03, p.42)
2002        Nov 18, The Greek Cypriot government said it accepted "as a basis for negotiations" a U.N. plan for the reunification of the divided eastern Mediterranean island.
    (AP, 11/18/02)
2002        Nov 18, In India a rebel land mine killed at least 20 people in a bus in Andhra Pradesh state. The leftist People's War Group was blamed.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A10)
2002        Nov 18, UN inspectors returned to Iraq after a 4-year hiatus to resume the search for weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 11/18/03)
2002        Nov 18, Zimbabwe banned citizens from swearing or making offensive gestures during the passage of Pres. Mugabe's motorcades.
    (WSJ, 11/19/02, p.A1)

2003        Nov 18, Pres. Bush brought a forceful defense of the Iraq invasion to skeptical Britons, arguing that history proves war is sometimes necessary when certain values are threatened.
    (AP, 11/18/03)
2003        Nov 18, California Gov. Schwarzenegger laid out a plan for a $15 billion bond issue to ease the state budget crises.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 18, A judge in Modesto, Calif., ordered Scott Peterson to stand trial for the killing of his wife, Laci, and their unborn son. Peterson was later convicted and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2003        Nov 18, Barry Bonds won his record sixth National League MVP award.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2003        Nov 18, The Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that a ban on same sex marriage is illegal. Lawmakers were given 180 days to allow gay marriages.
    (SFC, 11/19/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 18, Some 30 Taliban guerrillas attacked a road checkpoint in southern Afghanistan, killing three militiamen and wounding two others. The UN refugee agency began pulling foreign staff out of Afghanistan after the killing of French worker.
    (AP, 11/19/03)(AP, 11/18/04)
2003        Nov 18, A Palestinian gunman, his rifle wrapped in a prayer mat, walked to a West Bank checkpoint and killed two Israeli soldiers at close range.
    (AP, 11/18/03)
2003        Nov 18, The UN war crimes tribunal issued an indictment against former Croatian Serb leader Milan Babic on five counts of war crimes for a campaign of ethnic cleansing in the Krajina region of Croatia early in the Balkan wars.
    (AP, 11/18/03)(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 18, In Zimbabwe police broke up demonstrations across the country against President Robert Mugabe's autocratic rule, arresting nearly 90 protesters, including 14 leaders of Zimbabwe's main labor federation.
    (AP, 11/18/03)

2004        Nov 18, In Little Rock, Ark., an estimated 30,000 guests attended the opening of the Clinton Presidential Center, a 30-acre, $165 million glass-and-steel home of artifacts and documents gathered during Clinton's eight years in the White House.
    (AP, 11/18/04)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.36)
2004        Nov 18, The US government reported a possible case of mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 18, US Army doctors said some 100 soldiers wounded in the Mideast and Afghanistan had come down with rare, treatment resistant blood infections.
    (WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 18, FDA officer David Graham identified 5 drugs with dangerous side effects: Crestor to lower cholesterol, Meridia for weight loss, Bextra for pain, Accutane for acne, and Serevent for asthma.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 18, Genentech and its partners announced FDA approval of the experimental lung cancer drug, Tarceva.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 18, Former Ku Klux Klansman Bobby Frank Cherry (74), who was convicted of killing four black girls in a racially motivated bombing of a Birmingham, Ala., church in 1963, died in prison.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2004        Nov 18, Cy Coleman (75), composer, died in NYC. His Broadway musicals included “wildcat" (1960), “Sweet Charity" (1966) and “I Love My Wife" (1977).
    (SFC, 11/20/04, p.B6)
2004        Nov 18, A UN report said opium and heroin production in Afghanistan had rocketed to near record levels. It accounted for over 60% of Afghan GDP and 87% of world supply.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 18, Britain outlawed fox hunting in England and Wales as elected legislators used the 1949 Parliament Act to win a dramatic standoff with the House of Lords to ban the popular country sport.
    (AP, 11/18/04)(SFC, 11/19/04, p.A2)
2004        Nov 18, A woman (48) became the first person in Chilean history to file for divorce.
    (AP, 11/18/04)
2004        Nov 18, Insurgents detonated a car bomb near a US military convoy in Baghdad and a roadside bomb exploded at a job recruiting center in the northern city of Kirkuk, in attacks that killed four people.
    (AP, 11/18/04)
2004        Nov 18, US troops discovered four decapitated bodies and captured dozens of militants during operations to purge northern Mosul of insurgents.
    (AP, 11/20/04)
2004        Nov 18, Israeli troops killed three Egyptian policemen mistaken for Palestinian militants along the Gaza-Egypt border.
    (AP, 11/18/04)
2004        Nov 18, The Macedonian parliament accepted the resignation of PM Hari Kostov and his cabinet, leaving President Branko Crvenkovski 10 days to select a new premier.
    (AFP, 11/18/04)
2004        Nov 18, Myanmar's military government said it had begun releasing thousands of prisoners who may have been wrongly imprisoned by a recently disbanded military intelligence unit.
    (AFP, 11/18/04)
2004        Nov 18, A survey said Swiss teenagers smoke more cannabis than their peers in every other European country.
    (Reuters, 11/19/04)
2004        Nov 18, The UN Security Council opened an extraordinary two-day session in Nairobi, the first outside its New York headquarters in 14 years. Sudan topped the agenda. Great Lakes regional foreign ministers approved a pact for greater cross-border cooperation and confidence-building. It was due to be adopted at a summit in Dar es Salaam.
    (AP, 11/18/04)(AP, 11/19/04)

2005        Nov 18, The Republican-controlled House spurned a call for an immediate pullout of troops from Iraq in a 403-3 vote hastily arranged by the GOP that Democrats denounced as politically motivated.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2005        Nov 18, The US Senate voted to extend $60 billion in tax cuts for individuals and businesses but added a $5 billion tax on big oil companies, drawing a veto threat from the White House. Congress voted itself a $3,100 pay raise. Pres. Bush signed the raise into law 2 weeks later.
    (Reuters, 11/19/05)(SFC, 12/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 18, US officials said that US and Canadian police have arrested 291 people in a major drug bust that was given unprecedented cooperation by Vietnamese agents. The 2-year operation covered ecstasy, which was shipped into Canada in powder form, turned into pills and then smuggled across the border along with massive amounts of marijuana.
    (AFP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Washington DC Michael Scanlon (35) was charged with conspiring with former lobbyist Jack Abramoff to bribe government officials and bilk millions of dollars from Indian tribes. In March, 2002, Ohio Rep. Robert Ney agreed to back legislative language to benefit the Tigua tribe of El Paso, Texas, a client of Abramoff and Scanlon.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 18, A civil jury in Florida ruled 10-2 that Robert Blake (72), former “Baretta" TV star, intentionally caused the 2001 death of Bonny Lee Bakley, and ordered him to pay her children $30 million.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 18, A federal jury in Tennessee held that Nicolas Carranza (72), a former Salvadoran colonel, was responsible for murder and torture during the 1980s civil war in El Salvador and ordered him to pay $6 million in damages to his accusers.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A5)
2005        Nov 18, Scott Winfield Davis (40), was arrested in Palo Alto, Ca., for the 1996 Atlanta shooting death of David Coffin Jr., heir to a Connecticut family that founded the Dexter Corp. Initial charges against Davis were dropped in 1998 due to insufficient evidence. David Coffin Jr. On December 4, 2006, a jury in Fulton County, Georgia, found Davis guilty on all counts of malice murder and felony murder.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.B3)(www.atlantada.org/featuredarticle/ScottDavis.htm)
2005        Nov 18, In Pennsylvania an oil painting by Jackson Pollock and a silkscreen by Andy Warhol were stolen from the Everhart Museum by thieves who shattered a glass door in the back of the building. The thieves had disappeared by the time police arrived, four minutes after the alarm sounded at 2:30 a.m.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 18, Ford Motor Co., said it plans to eliminate 4,000 salaried jobs, or 10% of its North American white-collar work force, as part of a larger restructuring plan.
    (Reuters, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Cisco Systems Inc. agreed to acquire the cable TV technology company Scientific-Atlanta Inc. for about $6.9 billion in a move that would create a one-stop shop, and market leader, in distributing television to living rooms over the Internet.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Swiss Reinsurance Co., the world's second-largest reinsurer, said it will acquire most of General Electric Co.'s insurance unit for $6.8 billion in cash and stock.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Tropical Storm Gamma, the 24th storm of the busiest hurricane season on record, formed off the coast of Central America, and forecasters said it could threaten Florida by the beginning of next week.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, The relationship of star anise to bird flu was documented by Peter S. Goodman in an article for the Washington Post.
    (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/17/AR2005111701855.html)
2005        Nov 18, Scientists reported that a single gene in mice, which controlled the production of a protein called stathmin, can turn cautious animals into daring ones.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a Portuguese soldier was killed and three others were wounded when an explosion struck their vehicles outside Kabul.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Bradford, England, a gang of men shot and killed Sharon Beshenivsky (38), an unarmed policewoman, and wounded another. Police arrested six people in connection with the crime. In October 2006 Muzzaker Imtiaz Shah (25), one of 5 men due to be tried, admitted the killing. In 2007 Mustaf Jama (27) was arrested in Somalia and flown back to Britain to face charges related to the murder. Five people were already convicted in connection with Beshenivsky's death.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(AFP, 10/11/06)(AFP, 11/2/07)
2005        Nov 18, In Canada officials said a strain of H5 bird flu was found in a duck on a commercial farm in British Columbia's Fraser Valley. Tests soon confirmed that the strain was nonlethal.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(WSJ, 11/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 18, China and Chile signed a free-trade agreement on behalf of their nations, the first between China and a Latin American country.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Colombia Indians who have seized control of 18 large farms vowed to stage protests across the country after land reform talks with President Alvaro Uribe ended without any agreements.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Conservative leader Angela Merkel took a last step toward becoming Germany's first female chancellor when she and other party officials signed a hard-won agreement to form a left-right coalition government.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Honduras Herlan Colindres (16), a street gang member implicated in 17 killings including a U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agent, escaped from a juvenile prison for the fifth time in three years, just as he promised.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 18, In eastern Iraq suicide bombers killed at least 75 worshippers at two mosques including 2 suicide bombers who detonated themselves inside a Shiite mosque in Khanaqin, a town near the Iranian border, killing at least 35 people. In Baghdad two car bombs targeted a hotel housing foreign journalists and killed eight Iraqis.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 18, An Italian judge who refuses to hear cases because there are crucifixes in the nation's courtrooms was convicted of failing to carry out his official duties and sentenced to seven months in jail.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Kuwait a bus carrying US troops overturned, killing one American soldier and injuring 19 others.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, A Dutch television show claimed to have knocked down a chain of 4,155,476 dominoes in a new world record, but organizers conceded the event was overshadowed by the earlier shooting of an errant sparrow. The bird caused some 23,000 dominoes to fall on Nov 14. The record was later adjusted to 4,002,146 after a legal expert ruled that a person had illegally caused 153,340 dominoes to fall.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A2)(www.dodemus.nl/)
2005        Nov 18, In Gaza 2 rival clans and Palestinian police exchanged fire in a dispute over land in the area of a former Israeli settlement, killing Naef Astal (17) and wounding 5 people.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 18, Peru’s government renewed a state of emergency in several isolated jungle and highland provinces amid reports of leftist rebel activity.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, A Russian UN official accused of money laundering was released on $500,000 bail posted by his government. Vladimir Kuznetsov (48), who chaired the powerful UN budget oversight committee, had been jailed since Sept. 1 on charges that he conspired with a UN procurement officer to launder hundreds of thousands of dollars from foreign companies seeking contracts with the world body.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, An election official said PM Mahinda Rajapakse, a hard-liner toward Tamil rebels, won Sri Lanka's presidential election by a narrow margin. Suspected separatist rebels in Akkaraipattu tossed grenades into a Mosque during morning prayers, killing at least four Muslim worshippers. Rajapakse later appointed his 3 brothers to run important ministries.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.26)
2005        Nov 18, South Korean riot police used high pressure hoses to hold back protesters chanting anti-Bush slogans from the site of the APEC summit at Busan.
    (WSJ, 11/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 18, South Korea announced plans to pull a third of its troops out of Iraq, a day after President Bush met with his South Korean counterpart and praised him as a staunch ally in the Iraq conflict.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, Turkey’s energy minister said oil from a U.S.-backed Caspian pipeline has crossed the Turkish border from Georgia on its way to a Mediterranean port for where it will be exported to the West.
    (AP, 11/18/05)
2005        Nov 18, In Turkey a bomb placed in a trash can exploded near a fairground in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring 12.
    (AP, 11/18/05)

2006        Nov 18, President Bush lobbied world leaders in Vietnam and lined up support for pressuring North Korea to prove it is serious about dismantling its nuclear weapons program. Asia-Pacific leaders put their political muscle behind the drive to free up global trade, but they struggled to find common ground on how best to tackle the North Korea nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes exchanged wedding vows in a glowing 15th-century castle in the medieval lakeside town of Bracciano, Italy.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
2006        Nov 18, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika appealed for private investment in the North African country as he opened the 10th congress of Arab businessmen in Algiers.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In Australia police on horseback and wielding batons clashed with rock- and bottle-throwing demonstrators outside a G-20 meeting of some the world's top financial officials, turning what had been promised as a peaceful rally against poverty into running street skirmishes.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Bangladesh's main opposition announced it would form a grand alliance with other major political parties to force the ouster of a controversial election chief and pave the way for "fair" elections.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In Belgium Els Van Doren (38) smashed into a back garden from some 4,500 meters because both her main and reserve parachutes failed to open after she jumped from a plane with Els Clottemans (26), their lover, Dutchman Marcel Somers, and another man. In 2010 Els Clottemans went on trial charged with the murder of her fellow skydiver and love rival. She was convicted and jailed for 30 years for killing her rival.
    (AP, 9/24/10)(AFP, 10/21/10)
2006        Nov 18, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Pakistan for talks with President Pervez Musharraf on how to defeat a resurgent Taliban, pool counter-terrorist intelligence and tackle militancy in Pakistan's religious schools.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In southern China police in Dongzhou dispersed a crowd and freed 8 hostages held captive for a week by villagers angry about the detention of a local activist. In eastern China a stampede on a stairwell killed six children and injured 11 at Tutang Middle School in Jiangxi province's Duchang County.
    (AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 18, Jean-Pierre Bemba, the former rebel who lost Congo's presidential elections, filed a lawsuit at the Supreme Court to challenge the vote count as dozens of his supporters marched through downtown Kinshasa.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Gabonese President Omar Bongo said in a statement that the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) had "acceded to a request from the Central African Republic authorities to intervene in securing conflict zones." CEMAC's members include the Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Iraqi forces searching for four American security contractors and an Austrian, who were kidnapped in southern Iraq, detained about 200 suspected insurgents. Islamic Companies, a previously unknown group, claimed responsibility for the kidnapping, according to an Iranian-run Arabic-language satellite news station. US military killed 11 insurgents and detained 24 suspected ones in raids in and around the Iraqi cities of Tikrit, Baqouba, Hit, Youssifiyah and Baghdad. Ten people were killed, including three policemen shot by insurgents in Diyala province. Police found 23 corpses in Iraq, including 20 in Baghdad. Britain's Treasury chief Gordon Brown, who is expected to replace PM Tony Blair as Britain's leader next year, made an unannounced visit to Iraq to meet with Iraqi officials and British soldiers.
    (AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 18, Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's new deputy prime minister, said Israel should ignore moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, wipe out the Hamas leadership and walk away from the U.S.-backed "road map" peace plan.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Italian Premier Romano Prodi won a key confidence vote in the Chamber of Deputies on the center-left government's planned 2007 budget, which included heavily protested tax increases and spending cuts.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, The Mexican government released a long-awaited report that for the first time officially blamed "the highest command levels" of three former presidencies for the massacres, tortures and slayings of hundreds of leftists from the 1960s to the 1980s. In Michoacan state at least three of 10 lawyers being held hostage by inmates were killed after police raided the Mil Cumbres prison in Morelia to try to rescue them.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Movladi Baisarov, the former head of one of Chechnya's shadowy security forces, was fatally shot in Moscow by law enforcement officers who were trying to detain him on suspicion of abductions and killings in the violence-plagued southern region.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, In Sri Lanka a sea battle, a bomb blast and gunfire killed at least 23 people, a day after the rebels denounced a government call to disarm as a joke.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Sudanese Foreign Minister Lam Akol told reporters "We did not agree to the deployment of hybrid United Nations-African Union forces in Darfur, as was declared by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan after the Addis Ababa consultative meeting." He said the Sudanese delegation agreed only on UN technical units to back up the AU forces in Darfur.
    (AP, 11/18/06)
2006        Nov 18, Soldiers and police from New Zealand arrived in the Tongan capital to help restore order after mobs demanding democratic reforms destroyed much of the capital in unprecedented rioting that left at least eight people dead.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2007        Nov 18, Chris Daughtry's band won favorite pop-rock album for "Daughtry," as well as breakthrough artist and adult contemporary artist at the American Music Awards.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2007        Nov 18, Detroit pushed past St. Louis to become the nation's most dangerous city, according to a private research group's controversial analysis of annual FBI crime statistics. Flint, Mich., ranked 3rd and Oakland, Ca., ranked 4th.
    (AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/19/07, p.A3)
2007        Nov 18, The Jesuit order of the Roman Catholic Church in Oregon agreed to pay $50 million to 110 Eskimos to settle claims of sexual abuse in Alaska.
    (SFC, 11/19/07, p.A3)(Reuters, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 18, Greenpeace said an international commission designed to protect bluefin tuna stocks has effectively increased the fishing quota for 2008 from what was already an "unsustainable" level. Greenpeace said the annual meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), held in Turkey had approved a nearly 1,000-ton increase in the 2008 catch.
    (AFP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, A new Afghanistan Human Development Report said Afghanistan is fifth last on a global index of human development, despite billions of dollars in aid and help since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001. Police shot and killed two suspected Taliban militants as they approached a police checkpoint on a motorbike. In southern Helmand province, Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, killing two officers and wounding four others.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AFP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 18, The death toll from a cyclone that devastated Bangladesh has surpassed 2,200, as rescuers struggled through blocked paths to reach hundreds of thousands of survivors awaiting aid in wrecked homes and flooded fields. The head of the country's Red Crescent Society said up to 5,000 to 10,000 people are believed to have died in the cyclone.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AFP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, British ambassador Andrew Anderson said Algeria has formally demanded the extradition from Britain of former Algerian bank chief Rafik Khalifa, sentenced to life over a massive embezzlement scandal.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, MTV Arabia, an Arab version of the pop-culture channel, began broadcasting from Dubai.
    (AP, 11/18/08)(www.freemuse.org/sw29678.asp)
2007        Nov 18, Separatist rebels said Ethiopia's air force has been "carpet-bombing" villages and nomadic settlements in its oil- and gas-rich Ogaden region, leaving a trail of casualties.
    (AFP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, German prosecutors filed terrorism charges against a Moroccan man, identified as Abdelali M. (25), was accused of helping recruit foreign fighters for al-Qaida in Iraq. He was arrested in Sweden in March and handed over to Germany in May.
    (AP, 12/20/07)
2007        Nov 18, Three members of Iraq's Olympic soccer team and their assistant coach left the team during a trip to Australia and are seeking asylum in the country.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 18, Bombs planted along Iraq's roads and in a parked car killed at least four people in separate attacks. In Baghdad a car bomb targeting an undersecretary finance minister, killed 10 bystanders. 4 homicide victims were found in Baghdad. Two Iraqis were killed and four wounded in an incident involving a US military convoy in southern Muthanna province. Local officials said the soldiers had opened fire randomly and destroyed a truckload of sheep. In Baquba 3 US soldiers were killed in a suicide bombing that also left 3 children dead and 7 wounded.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/19/07, p.A13)
2007        Nov 18, In Italy former Premier Silvio Berlusconi announced the creation of a new political party, saying the time felt right because his supporters had gathered so many signatures calling for the ouster of Premier Romano Prodi.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 18, A defiant Japan embarked on its largest whaling expedition in decades, targeting protected humpbacks for the first time since the 1960s despite international opposition. 4 ships headed for the waters off Antarctica, resuming a hunt that was cut short by a deadly fire last February that crippled the fleet's mother ship. An anti-whaling protest boat awaited the fleet offshore.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, In Kuwait a US soldier was killed and another was seriously injured in a road accident.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, In Nigeria’s northern Kano state supporters of rival political parties clashed over the results of local government elections, leaving six people dead and dozens behind bars.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 18, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's government dismissed a last-ditch US call to end emergency rule, a day after a visit by Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte. Security officials and state media reported that fighting between rival Sunni and Shiite Muslims in the northwestern tribal belt has claimed at least 90 lives.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/18/08)
2007        Nov 18, In eastern Saudi Arabia an explosion and fire on a gas pipeline killed 40 workers. The cause of the fire was an accident during maintenance work and Aramco said it did not expect a disruption in gas supplies.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/20/07)
2007        Nov 18, Two Sudanese journalists from the independent Al-Sudani newspaper were jailed after refusing to pay a fine for an article about the arrest of other journalists.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
2007        Nov 18, A methane blast ripped through a coal mine in eastern Ukraine, killing 101 workers. In 2008 the head of an investigative commission said negligence by coal mine managers eager to ratchet up output led to a methane blast in Ukraine's deadliest mining disaster since the Soviet breakup.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/19/07)(AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Nov 18, The chief executives of Detroit’s Big Three automakers appeared before the US Senate Banking Committee along with the head of the UAW union to plea for financial aid under the current economic crises.
    (WSJ, 11/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 18, A judge in Georgia sentenced 25-year-old Rico Todriquez Wright to spend the next 20 years in prison after his victim mentioned a hip hop confession to police. Wright shot a man twice and felt so good about it, the rapper wrote a song describing the shooting and calling out the victim by name.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 18, George C. Chesbro, US writer, died. His 27 novels included a detective series featuring Mongo, a dwarf detective. “Shadow of a Broken Man" (1977) starred Mongo and proved to be Chesbro’s breakout hit.
    (SFC, 11/27/08, p.B8)
2008        Nov 18, In Afghanistan insurgents in western Farah province ambushed an Afghan army supply convoy, killing five troops and wounding five others.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Belgian brewing giant InBev announced it had completed the takeover of Anheuser-Busch to create the world's biggest brewer. Beijing agreed to Belgium-based InBev SA's takeover of Anheuser-Busch Cos. Inc.'s Chinese operations as part of their global merger, but limited future acquisitions on anti-monopoly grounds.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, A Cambodian monk (17) was arrested for raping a British woman (39) while taking her on a tour of a cave in the northwestern Sampov mountains near his Buddhist temple. The monk also allegedly stole $55 and a cell phone from the woman.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 18, Demoralized Congolese government troops, retreating before eastern rebels, clashed with their own local militia allies who tried to make them stand and fight after the armed forces chief was replaced.
    (Reuters, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Separate bands of pirates seized a Thai fishing trawler with 16 crew members and an Iranian cargo vessel with a crew of 25 in the Gulf of Aden. Pirates on the trawler then apparently fired on the Indian naval frigate Tabar. The Indians, believing the trawler to be a pirate "mother ship," returned fire turning the Ekawat Nava 5 into a massive fireball and killing 14 of the 15 crew as well as the pirates. The Tabar then chased two attack boats into the night. A surviving sailor spent six days adrift in the shark-infested ocean before another ship picked him up. The Iranian vessel was released on Jan 9, 2009.
    (AP, 11/19/08)(AP, 11/26/08)(SFC, 11/26/08, p.A3)(AP, 1/10/09)(AP, 6/5/09)
2008        Nov 18, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. Iraq's top Shiite cleric, said that the US-Iraqi security pact would only be viable if the country's main political groups backed it and it restored the country's full sovereignty. Iraqi lawmakers loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr disrupted a parliamentary debate ahead of a Nov. 24 vote on a US-Iraqi security agreement that would keep American troops in Iraq for three more years. An alleged senior member of Iran's elite security forces suspected of funneling arms into Iraq was detained by Iraqi police at Baghdad International Airport while he was trying to leave the country. The man was released on Nov 21.
    (AP, 11/18/08)(AP, 11/19/08)(AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 18, Israeli tanks forged into the southern Gaza Strip, drawing mortar fire from Palestinian militants and intensifying violence that has chipped away at a tenuous cease-fire. Israeli seamen boarded a Palestinian fishing boat and arrested one of Gaza's foreign supporters and five Palestinian fishermen. The foreigner was identified as Andrew Muncie of Scotland.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, John Key (47) became New Zealand's conservative new prime minister and underscored the economy as his top priority.
    (AP, 11/18/08)(Econ, 11/15/08, p.51)
2008        Nov 18, Northern Ireland's leaders announced a deal allowing power-sharing cabinet meetings to resume in the British province for the first time in over four months.
    (AFP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Italian authorities in Sicily seized assets worth euro700 million ($885 million) from Giuseppe Grigoli, a supermarket chain owner, suspected of letting the Mafia use his businesses to launder money.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, In Japan Takehiko Yamaguchi (66) and his wife Michiko (61) were found dead near the doorway of their home in Saitama, just outside Tokyo. Evidence showed the pair had been stabbed repeatedly. On Nov 22 Takeshi Koizumi (46) turned himself in to police saying that he had killed the retired vice health minister. Authorities later said they suspected the attacks were connected to the ministry's mishandling of millions of pension records, a debacle that has drawn intense ire from the public, many of whom lost their retirement funds as a result. It was later reported that Koizumi accused the ministry of killing his childhood pet dog.
    (AP, 11/23/08)(AP, 11/24/08)
2008        Nov 18, Thousands of supporters of Nicaragua's leftist ruling party armed with rocks tried to block an opposition march on the capital to protest alleged vote fraud, setting off clashes that injured at least five people.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Pakistani security forces in the Kabal area of the Swat valley killed seven militants. In another incident in the valley's Kanju area, insurgents ambushed an army convoy, killing a soldier.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Owners of a Saudi oil supertanker hijacked by Somali pirates grappled with how to respond, as navies patrolling the region said they would not intervene to stop or free the captured vessel.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Spanish artist Miquel Barcelo unveiled his lavish, $23 million ceiling painting at the European headquarters of the United Nations in Switzerland, a project that has evoked controversy over its hefty price tag.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Spain's most famous judge abandoned a drive for a symbolic indictment of the late Gen. Francisco Franco and his regime, dropping a probe into atrocities committed during and after the country's ruinous civil war.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 18, Sri Lankan naval forces backed by helicopter gunships attacked a group of rebel boats, sinking two and killing six Tamil Tiger sailors. Sri Lankan air force jets bombed a rebel training camp in the north as ground forces waged new battles with Tamil Tiger rebels across the front lines.
    (AP, 11/18/08)(AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 18, In Zimbabwe riot police prevented striking doctors and nurses from protesting against the collapsing health care system, which lacks even basic drugs amid a rapid spread of cholera in the country.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

2009        Nov 18, The United States attended a meeting of the International Criminal Court's management board at The Hague for the first time in a sign it has stopped shunning the world's only permanent war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, US District Judge Stanwood Duval ruled that the Army Corps of Engineers' failure to properly maintain a navigation channel led to massive flooding in Hurricane Katrina. The ruling gave more than 100,000 other individuals, businesses and government entities a better shot at claiming damages. The ruling was the "first time ever the Army Corps has been held liable for damages for a major catastrophe that it caused."
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, A San Francisco federal judge reduced the 9-year sentence of Pavel Lazarenko (56), a former prime minister of Ukraine (1996-1997), by 11 months. The judge also imposed a $9 million fine and nearly $26 million in forfeitures to the US government, including the value of his sold Novato mansion. Lazarenko was sentenced in 2006 for money laundering and other charges. He was said to have amassed a $250 million fortune in extortions following Ukraine’s independence in 1992.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)
2009        Nov 18, California’s Legislative Analyst Office reported that the state will face a $20.7 billion deficit next year.
    (SFC, 11/19/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 18, In NYC the 60th annual Book Awards honored Gore Vidal with its lifetime achievement award. David Eggers won the Literarian Award. Colum McCann won the fiction prize for his novel “Let the Great world Spin." T.J. Styles won the nonfiction award for “The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt."
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.F8)
2009        Nov 18, In Texas Danielle Simpson (30) was executed by lethal injection for the Jan, 2000, abduction and slaying of Geraldine Davidson (84). Simpson became the 22nd prisoner executed in Texas this year.
    (www.palestineherald.com/breakingnews/local_story_322195228.html)
2009        Nov 18, Artist Jean-Claude Denat de Guillebon (b.1935), the Morocco-born wife of environmental artist Christo, died in NYC. Her Bulgarian-born husband was born that same day as she was. They had met in Paris in 1958.
    (SFC, 11/21/09, p.C3)
2009        Nov 18, Hillary Rodham Clinton, on her first trip to Afghanistan as US secretary of state, said that President Hamid Karzai's inauguration provides a new chance for him to strengthen government accountability and take tangible steps to improve the lives of Afghan citizens.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Argentina's Congress, valuing truth over the right to privacy, authorized the forced extraction of DNA from people who may have been born to political prisoners slain a quarter-century ago, even when they don't want to know their birth parents.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 18, Australian PM Kevin Rudd voiced "concerns" about the Church of Scientology after a senator detailed explosive allegations including torture, imprisonment and coerced abortions.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, China's health minister said his country is vaccinating 1.5 million people a day against swine flu, part of a mammoth effort to reach nearly 7 percent of inhabitants of the world's most populous country by year's end.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, Egyptian fans were attacked after Algeria won (1-0) a make-or-break World Cup qualifying game in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, and offices of Egyptian companies in Algeria were ransacked after a matchup in Cairo over the weekend.
    (AP, 11/19/09)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.52)
2009        Nov 18, In France a 2-day Congress of the International Association of Francophone Mayors opened in Paris. The mayors jeered a speech by PM Francois Fillon and denounced an effort to emasculate local power.
    (Econ, 11/21/09, p.54)(http://www.azi.md/en/story/7016)
2009        Nov 18, Germany said it will extend its mission in Afghanistan for another year, despite the growing unpopularity of the war at home.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Guyana unveiled a simple, white stone plaque with little fanfare at the jungle clearing where more than 900 members of the cult led by the American preacher Jim Jones died in a night of mass murder and suicide on Nov. 18, 1978.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, Iran's foreign minister said his country would not export its enriched uranium for further processing, brushing aside the latest UN plan aimed at preventing Tehran from potentially building nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, In Italy the head of a UN food agency expressed regret that an anti-hunger summit failed to result in precise promises of funding, and critics said the meeting had only thrown crumbs to the world's 1 billion people without enough to eat.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Islamic authorities in Malaysia charged a popular Muslim scholar with delivering an illegal lecture in what critics considered an attempt by conservative clerics to silence a leading moderate preacher. Asri Zainul Abidin (38) has cultivated strong support among young people in the Muslim-majority country for criticizing what he called overzealous efforts by Islamic officials to clamp down on immoral behavior.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, In Mozambique testimony in the highest-level corruption trial in the country’s history implicated ruling party Frelimo as a beneficiary of embezzled funds. Former Mozambican airports company finance director Antenor Pereira, a defendant in the trial, testified that Frelimo had received some of the $1.7 million allegedly stolen from the company.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, The Gaza-based Waad charity, headed by the interior minister of the militant Hamas group, offered $1.4 million to any Arab citizen of Israel who abducts an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, Qatar hosted what it billed as the ceremonial launch of Darfur peace talks, but neither Sudanese government nor rebel representatives took part.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Somali pirates attacked the Maersk Alabama for the second time in seven months, though private guards on board the US-flagged ship repelled the attack with gunfire and a high-decibel noise device.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, South African police fired rubber bullets to disperse a mob who attacked shacks belonging to hundreds of migrants following several days of tension. Up to 2,700 Zimbabwean asylum seekers have set up a temporary "safety camp" in a rural South African town following attacks on their shacks in a dispute over jobs.
    (Reuters, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, South Korean auto giant Hyundai said it would roll out another new small car in India as it jostles with rivals for a larger slice of the fast-growing Indian market.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Swedish museum officials returned the remains of five indigenous Maori people to New Zealand as part of a broader move in Europe to repatriate remains taken from burial grounds.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, In Uganda a new 12 million dollar family planning drive was launched in Kampala highlighting how Obama administration funding has revamped a contraception drive in Africa and developing states. Uganda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Kenya will share in the 12-million dollar funding, but international organizations still have to persuade certain African governments that it is in their interest to curb population growth.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)

2010        Nov 18, It was reported that about 39 percent of Americans said marriage was becoming obsolete. The sentiment followed US census data released in September that showed marriages hit an all-time low of 52 percent for adults 18 and over.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, New York Attorney Gen’l. Andrew Cuomo filed two lawsuits against Steven Rattner, former head of Pres. Obama’s auto task force, alleging he paid kickbacks to obtain $150 million from a large state pension fund to be invested in Quadrangle Group. Rattner agreed to a settlement with the SEC to pay $6.2 million and accept a 2-year ban on associating with any investment advisor or broker dealer.
    (SFC, 11/19/10, p.A7)
2010        Nov 18, In southern California police arrested George Djura Jakubec (54), a Serbian emigre, after finding large quantities of explosive ingredients, including PETN, at his home in Escondido. On June 13, 2011, Jakubec was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/27/10, p.A7)(SFC, 6/14/11, p.A4)
2010        Nov 18, General Motors stock rose sharply as the icon of American manufacturing returned to life as a publicly traded company. The share price would needs to rise above $50 for the US government to get all its bailout money back.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, Afghan troops and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) wrapped up the four-day operation in the Pech River valley of volatile Kunar province. Reports said Operation Bulldog Bite may have killed more than 40 insurgents.
    (Reuters, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, FIFA, the Int’l. Football Federation, banned and fined 4 African officials from involvement in the sport for breaches of trust. They included Amos Adamu of Nigeria, and 3 others from Botswana, Mali and Tunisia. Reynald Temarii, president of the Oceania Football Confederation, was also banned and fined.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.58)(http://tinyurl.com/2dg6gmw)
2010        Nov 18, Australian officials said they would deport Gabe Watson, an American man convicted in the 2003 death of his wife on a scuba-diving honeymoon after US officials pledged not to seek the death penalty if he is convicted again at home.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, Brazil’s federal police said they have dismantled an international human-trafficking ring that provided fake passports to Brazilians wanting to migrate illegally to the US.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, In Germany Samuel Kunz (89), one of the world's most-wanted Nazi suspects, died near Bonn. He was under indictment on allegations he was involved in killing hundreds of thousands of Jews at a concentration camp in occupied Poland. Kunz was indicted in July on ten counts of murder and 430,000 counts of accessory to murder on allegations he trained at the SS Trawniki camp in occupied Poland and was sent from there to the Belzec death camp as a guard from January 1942 through July 1943.
    (AP, 11/22/10)
2010        Nov 18, India's Supreme Court issued a sharp and rare rebuke of PM Manmohan Singh, demanding he explain why the government took a year to investigate a cell-phone licensing scandal that cost the country billions of dollars.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, Southern Israel received 2 mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip. There were no casualties or damage.
    (AFP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, Moroccan dissident Abraham Serfaty (b.1926), one of a tiny minority of Jews in predominantly Muslim Morocco, died. He was imprisoned and exiled by French colonial rulers in 1952 and again by Morocco's independent government in the 1970s for plotting against the state. The Rabat government forced him into exile in France in 1991. He returned home 10 years later.
    (Reuters, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, Nigeria's drug enforcement found and seized 286 pounds (130 kg) of high-quality heroin, destined for Europe, hidden inside a shipment of auto parts sent from Iran.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(AFP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 18, The Norwegian Nobel Committee Russia, Kazakhstan, Cuba, Morocco, Iraq and China have declined to attend the December 10 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony for jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. 16 more countries had not replied by the committee's extended deadline. An award spokesman said the Nobel Peace Prize may not be handed out this year because no one from imprisoned Liu Xiaobo's family is likely to attend the ceremony.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, In Saudi Arabia rain soaked crowds of Muslim pilgrims and lightning flashed as they performed some of the final rituals of the annual hajj, stoning symbols of the devil and circling the Kaaba, Islam's holiest site.
    (AP, 11/18/10)
2010        Nov 18, Swedish prosecutors was permission to seek an int’l. arrest warrant for Julian Assange, the founder of the WikiLeaks, on allegations of rape and other sexual offenses.
    (SFC, 11/19/10, p.A4)

2011        Nov 18, US Congress lifted a 5-year-old ban on funding horse meat inspections in a spending bill Pres. Obama signed into law to keep the government afloat until mid-December. The last US slaughterhouse that butchered horses closed in 2007 in Illinois. Animal welfare activists have warned of massive public outcry in any town where a slaughterhouse may open.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 18, The US FCC released details of an order directing $4.5 billion a year from universal service and inter-carrier-compensation systems into a new connect America Fund (CAF) to give rural Americans access to high speed internet connections over the next 6 years.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.42)
2011        Nov 18, The LA Times reported that the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange County, California is buying Robert Schuller's celebrated Protestant Crystal Cathedral megachurch for $57.5 million. On June 9, 2012, Bishop Tod Brown renamed it as Christ Cathedral.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7qn599h)(SSFC, 6/10/12, p.A10)
2011        Nov 18, An officer at California’s UC Davis calmly pepper-sprayed a line of several sitting protesters as onlookers shrieked and screamed out for the officer to stop. The next day video of the incident surfaced online. The chancellor of the University of California described the video images as "chilling" and said she was forming a task force to investigate even as a faculty group called for her resignation.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Nevada a fire swept through an upscale community in the sierra foothills in southwest Reno destroying 32 homes. Nearly 10,000 people were forced to evacuate the area.
    (SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A16)
2011        Nov 18, New York authorities said an ambitious and organized identity-theft ring recruited waiters at steakhouses and other high-end restaurants to steal diners' credit-card information, then used it for luxury shopping sprees. 28 people were indicted on racketeering and other charges.
    (AP, 11/18/11)(SFC, 11/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 18, In NYC hundreds of Muslims marched to police headquarters to protest a decade of police infiltrating mosques and spying on Muslim neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 18, Findings detailed in today’s issue of the journal Science tell how scientists have devised ultra-lightweight, low-density metallic lattices with orderly structures. These possess higher levels of stiffness, strength and conductivity of conventional forms of their parent materials.
    (http://tinyurl.com/73h5bh4)
2011        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded near a playground, killing four children and wounding six. A group of aid agencies warned that more than 2 million people are facing food shortages in northern Afghanistan after a drought and the situation could get even worse if winter snows cut off access to remote regions. A roadside bomb killed a member of the NATO-led military force in the south.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Australia 4 people died as fires ravaged a nursing home in Sydney's suburban Quakers Hill neighborhood. A 5th died the next day and Nurse Roger Dean (35), who said he rescued patients from a fire, was charged with murder. On May 27, 2013 Dean pleaded guilty to murdering 11 elderly people by setting fire to their nursing home. On Aug 31, 2013, Dean was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(SFC, 5/28/13, p.A2)(AP, 8/1/13)
2011        Nov 18, In Austria the US and its Western allies bluntly accused Iran of deceiving the world and declared it could no longer dismiss evidence it is working secretly on making nuclear arms.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Bahrain thousands of Shiite-led protesters calling for greater rights streamed into an area outside the capital Manama.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Benin, marking his second visit to Africa in a heartland of voodoo and warning against "unconditional submission" to the laws of the market and finance.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Brazil's Pres. Dilma Rousseff signed a law establishing a truth commission to investigate human rights abuses by the military regime that ruled Latin America's biggest country from 1964 to 1985.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Brazil's environmental protection agency said nearly 110,000 gallons of oil may have spilled into the Atlantic Ocean because of a leak at an offshore Chevron drilling site. Chevron had said that only 16,800 to 27,300 gallons in total leaked into the ocean.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, In western Brazil gunmen executed a chief of the Kaiowa-Guarani Indian tribe and disappeared with his body. More than 40 "hooded and heavily armed" gunmen raided the Tekoha Guaiviry village in Mato Grosso do Sul state and fatally shot chief Nisio Gomes. It appeared that the gunmen were hired by local ranchers seeking to intimidate and expel the tribe from land that both sides claim as their own.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Protesters facing a legal battle over the right to stay camped outside St. Paul's Cathedral said they have taken over a building owned by the UBS bank in east London.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In London Munir Patel (22), the first person to be convicted under new bribery laws, was jailed. He was given three years in prison for bribery offences and six years for misconduct in a public office, with the sentences to run concurrently. Patel had helped at least 53 individuals evade prosecution for driving offences.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Tens of thousands of Egyptians, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, rallied in Cairo's Tahrir square to protest against what they say are attempts by the country's military rulers to designate themselves as the guardians of a new Egypt. It was one of the largest rallies in Egypt in recent months.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, The European Commission said an extra 10 million euros ($13.5 million) in humanitarian funding will go on addressing "major shortfalls" in food in the Sahel region. The crisis is affecting 7 million people in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Germany a 52-vehicle pileup on the A31 autobahn near the town of Gronau in the northwest left three people dead and 35 injured.
    (AP, 11/19/11)   
2011        Nov 18, Greece predicted that its budget deficit will fall sharply next year and insisted that no fresh austerity measures will be needed to plug a hole in this year's finances.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, India's Reliance Industries and British giant BP announced the creation of an equal joint venture firm to source and market natural gas in India.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Indonesia’s Lion Air said it is planning to buy 230 planes from Boeing Co. The list price of $21.7 billion will be paid over 12 years though bank financing.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In eastern Indonesia gunmen killed a mining company guard and wounded two policemen in a patrol car near the large Freeport-McMoRan gold mine.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Iraq bombs targeting security personnel killed 9 people including 5 family members of a policeman in Saqlawiyah and 4 people in the Baghdad suburb of Abu Graib.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, More than 1,000 Jordanians marched after Muslim weekly prayers in a protest called by opposition Islamists pushing for political reform and an end to corruption.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, In Kazakhstan US Embassy spokesman Jon Larsen said the Peace Corps will be leaving the country. Volunteers posted messages online linking the move to rapes and other attacks. The Peace Corps has sent around 1,000 volunteers to serve in the country since it started operations there in 1993.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Moammar Gadhafi's son Seif al-Islam (39), the only wanted member of the ousted ruling family to remain at large, was captured as he traveled with aides in a convoy in Libya's southern desert. He was captured by revolutionary forces from the mountain town of Zintan who had been tracking him for days.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, Myanmar's main opposition party, led by Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, decided to rejoin politics and register for future elections, signaling its confidence in recent reforms by the military-aligned government.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Nigeria established its first sovereign wealth fund hoping to curb the plunder of oil revenues.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.56)
2011        Nov 18, In northeast Nigeria two soldiers and a child were killed after members of a radical Muslim sect ambushed them in Maiduguri. Two officers were killed after gunmen blew up a police station in central Nigeria and attacked a bank branch in Kabba.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 18, A ship was attacked off the Nigeria coast near a Chevron offshore oil field and 3 people abducted.
    (AP, 11/18/11)
2011        Nov 18, Amnesty International reported that South Sudan has released two journalists without charge who were detained for weeks for criticizing President Salva Kiir’s family. Ngor Garang, editor-in-chief of Destiny newspaper, and reporter Dengdit Ayok were arrested in Juba at the beginning of this month after Ayok wrote an opinion article accusing the president of "staining his patriotism" by allowing his daughter to marry an Ethiopian man.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, Syria said it has agreed "in principle" to allow an observer mission into the country, as security forces killed at least 16 anti-government protesters and France called for tough UN Security Council action.
    (AP, 11/18/11)(AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, The UN downgraded famine declarations in three Somali regions, but warned the crisis remains the worst in the world with nearly 250,000 people facing imminent starvation.
    (AFP, 11/18/11)

2012        Nov 18, President Barack Obama began his 3-day Asian tour in Thailand.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, In Cambodia Asean leaders decided to ask China to start formal talks "as soon as possible" on crafting a legally binding accord aimed at preventing an outbreak of violence in disputed South China Sea territories. ASEAN leaders also adopted a human rights declaration despite last-minute calls for a postponement by critics.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, In eastern CongoDRC a Rwandan-backed rebel group advanced to within 3 km (1.8 miles) of Goma, a crucial provincial capital, marking the first time that rebels have come this close since 2008.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, Iran held a conference to reconcile Syria's government with some 200 opposition members and Syria's National Reconciliation Minister Ali Haidar to end the country's civil war.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, In Iraq a suicide car bomber drove his explosive-laden car into a police check point in the town of Khalis, killing two civilians and one policeman. 16 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, An Israeli envoy held talks with Egyptian officials on a ceasefire in his country's offensive on Gaza. Militants continued their barrage of rocket fire, firing more than two dozen at Israel. Palestinian medical officials said at least 11 civilians, including women and young children, were killed in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza City. The deaths brought to 66 the number of Palestinians killed in Israel's Gaza offensive, including 32 civilians.
    (AP, 11/18/12)(Reuters, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, The Wii U, Nintendo’s newest games console, was released in the US. Release in Europe was set for Nov 30 and in Japan for Dec 8.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.73)
2012        Nov 18, A Jordanian official said the country's military prosecutor has charged 89 activists with inciting violent revolt, after protests over price hikes swept through the US-allied kingdom last week.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, In Kenya an explosion on a bus in Nairobi killed 7 people and wounded 29. A UN Security official at the scene of the explosion said the blast was caused by an improvised explosive device.
    (AP, 11/18/12)(AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 18, In Mozambique pilots and crew members at the national airline went on strike, grounding the carrier.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, Myanmar State television said that President Thein Sein had ordered 66 detainees released, but it was not clear whether any political prisoners would be among them. This was ahead of a historic visit to the country by President Barack Obama on Nov 19.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, In central Nigeria a Christian vigilante group killed a Muslim resident who insisted on going through their illegal checkpoint, triggering riots that have left at least four people dead in Ibi.
    (AP, 11/18/12)
2012        Nov 18, A group of 13 extremist Islamist factions in Syria rejected the country's new opposition coalition, saying in a video statement they have formed an "Islamic state" in the embattled city of Aleppo to underline that they want nothing to do with the Western-backed bloc.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 18, Syrian rebels took over a large military base in the country's north, carting off tanks, armored vehicles and truck-loads of munitions.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2013        Nov 18, In NYC five people were arrested following a global "cyber heist" in which hackers stole $45 million by overriding the cash withdrawal limits of prepaid debit cards. Officials said the cyber-ring managed to steal $45 million in late 2012 and early 2013 by manipulating the limits of prepaid debit cards from Abu Dhabi-based National Bank of Ras Al-Khaimah and Bank Muscat of Oman.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 18, Almost 800,000 homes and businesses in the US Midwest and Ontario, Canada, were without power following severe thunderstorms. Michigan was the hardest-hit state with more than 540,000 customers out.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, NASA launched the MAVEN spacecraft (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution) atop an Atlas V-41 rocket at Cape Canaveral.
    (SFC, 11/19/13, p.A7)
2013        Nov 18, In Afghanistan two separate roadside bombs killed 9 children. Police stopped a tractor hauling roadside bombs near the border with Pakistan. A shooting set off the bombs, killing the driver and a second person on the tractor.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Britain's Labour Party suspended Paul Flowers, the former chairman of Co-operative bank, after a video emerged in which he is allegedly caught buying illegal drugs.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In London female serial killer Joanna Dennehy (30) admitted murdering three men and dumping their bodies in ditches. Their bodies were found in March and April riddled with stab wounds.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In Canada the City Council of Toronto stripped Mayor Rob Ford (44) of his meaningful powers following a heated debate.
    (SFC, 11/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 18, Egypt's interim PM Hazem el-Beblawi inaugurated the start of what is to be a memorial to protesters killed in the country's revolutionary turmoil in the center of famed Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In Egypt a train slammed into at least three vehicles, including a truck, crossing the tracks near the village of Dahshur. 26 people were killed and 28 remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In Paris, France, a gunman opened fire in the lobby of the Liberation newspaper office, gravely wounding a photographer's assistant before fleeing. Soon afterward, shots were fired at the headquarters of a major French bank west of Paris, and a gunman briefly took a man hostage nearby. Suspect Abdelhakim Dekhar (48) was found Nov 19 after a tipoff. Police found him in a "semi-conscious state" after an attempt to kill himself with medication.
    (AP, 11/18/13)(AP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 18, A German court said the embattled "bling bishop" Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst has settled a case over lying under oath with a 20,000-euro ($27,000) payment.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)   
2013        Nov 18, A German probe into the July 23, 1944, reprisal attack at Chlaniow, Poland, implicated Michael Karkoc (94), a retired Minnesota carpenter, as commander of the Nazi SS-led unit in the attack. In 2014 Germany’s highest court ruled that Germany has jurisdiction in the case.
    (AP, 6/14/13)(http://tinyurl.com/kk5e6s3)(AP, 11/18/13)(SFC, 5/23/14, p.A2)
2013        Nov 18, In Haiti police fired tear gas in the two main cities to disperse thousands of protesters demanding better living conditions and the resignation of President Michel Martelly.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Iran unveiled its Fotros drone, a missile-equipped drone with a range of 2,000 km (1,200 miles) and a flight time of 16 to 30 hours.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Attacks across Iraq killed 8 people.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Israel's fraud squad questioned former chief Ashkenazi rabbi Yona Metzger on charges of taking bribes, fraud, breach of trust, obstructing justice and witness tampering. Police said the national fraud unit put the sums related to the suspected felonies at millions of shekels.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Israeli court documents disclosed the government has secretly detained Samer al-Baraq, a suspected al-Qaeda biological weapons expert, for more than three years, after the man appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court to free him.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Twitter users in Kuwait and the UAE received prison terms, in the latest sign of widening crackdowns in the region on social media for posts considered offensive or against state security.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In Libya  convoys of the military deployed in the capital city of Tripoli to force out militiamen from Misrata. Deputy intelligence chief Mustafa Nuh was freed by his abductors a day after they seized him near Tripoli airport.
    (AP, 11/18/13)(AFP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Mauritanian police crushed a protest by hundreds of youths demanding a boycott of upcoming elections, wounding several.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 18, Pakistan moved to put former military dictator Pervez Musharraf on trial for treason for suspending the constitution and declaring a state of emergency while he was in power. Sectarian violence spread after clashes between minority Shi'ite and majority Sunni Muslims near Islamabad prompted the government to impose a curfew and block mobile phone services over the weekend.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Russia hosted Syrian and Iranian delegations for separate rounds of talks in a renewed diplomatic push for a Syrian peace conference in which Moscow says Tehran must also play a role.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, A Russian court in Saint Petersburg released on bail one of the 30 Greenpeace crewmembers arrested for an Arctic protest, the first of the activists to be freed. Yekaterina Zaspa, a Russian doctor with the Arctic Sunrise icebreaker, was released. Two courts in the city said bail would be granted to three Russian activists but ordered Australian activist Colin Russell to remain in pre-trial detention until February 24.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)(AFP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 18, The head of Russia's state-controlled industrial holding company said Moscow has signed a deal to provide Egypt with air defense missile systems.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, A Tatarstan airlines flight from Moscow crashed in Kazan, killing all 44 passengers and six crew in a blaze that left little of the Boeing 737 plane.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, Syrian rebel leader Abdul-Qadir Saleh (34), founder of the Liwa al-Tawhid Brigade, died in Turkey of wounds sustained during a strike by government forces last week. Clashes continued around Qara.
    (AP, 11/18/13)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.51)
2013        Nov 18, Uganda police arrested Kampala Mayor Erias Lukwago for disobeying orders to cancel a public rally of supporters.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

2014        Nov 18, A South Dakota a girl (8) was attacked and killed by a pack of dogs on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Oglala Sioux officials rounded up a horse trailer full of dogs  and killed them on Nov 20.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber and two gunmen targeted a foreigners' compound in Kabul early today, killing 4 people. In eastern Khost province a woman died when the van she was travelling in hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, In Albania flooding killed 3 people, after torrential rain caused power and water supply cuts and closed schools in the west and south of the country.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 18, British lawmakers in parliament's lower House of Commons voted to overhaul the 400-year-old "beer tie", under which publicans purchase alcohol exclusively from their parent company in return for reduced rent.
    (AFP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 18, In China villagers in Sanjiang township, part of Haikou City near the northern coast of Hainan Island, clashed with police and smashed vehicles after the local government began construction on a center to house patients with leprosy and sexually transmitted diseases. Construction on the facility was suspended pending talks to eliminate misunderstandings.
    (Reuters, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, Human Rights Watch said CongoDRC police committed abuses in "Operation Likofi," a three-month drive launched last November to quash an upsurge in armed robbery and other crimes by small gangs, known as kuluna. The report said police killed at least 51 young men and teenage boys when they were unarmed, outside their homes, or in open markets, for maximum intimidation effect.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, The UN said widespread violence has forced more than 71,000 people to flee their homes in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Katanga region in the past three months alone.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, In Egypt 7 civilians and 3 militants were killed in an exchange of fire between militants and the army in North Sinai.
    (SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 18, In western Honduras the bodies of Maria Jose Alvarado (19) and her sister Sofia (23) were found buried near a river in the mountainous region of Santa Barbara. Maria was found murdered just days before she was due to compete in the Miss World pageant in London. She and her sister had been missing since Nov 13, when they were seen leaving a party in Santa Barbara. Her boyfriend Plutarco Ruiz confessed to killing the sisters and led authorities to the bodies.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 18, Hong Kong police, enforcing a court order, cleared some of the pro-democracy protester barricades from in front of an office building near the government headquarters.
    (Econ, 11/22/14, p.40)
2014        Nov 18, In northern India hundreds of armed supporters of controversial guru Rampal Maharaj (63) clashed with baton-wielding riot police who tried to storm his fortified ashram and arrest him for using women and children as human shields outside Hisar city, Haryana state.
    (AFP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, In Ivory Coast former rebels now serving in the army erected barricades and blocked streets outside barracks across the country in protest over unpaid benefits and bonuses.
    (Reuters, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe said that he would call an early election to seek a fresh mandate for his economic policies, and postpone an unpopular sales tax rise, a day after data showed the economy had slipped back into recession.
    (Reuters, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, Japan slashed its whale catch target in the Antarctic by two-thirds in a bid to resume its annual whale hunt, which an international court ruled must stop.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, In Mexico Angelica Rivera, the wife of Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto, said she had financed the purchase of an opulent home from earnings of $10 million in 2010, the year her contract ended with the Mexican Televisa network.
    (SFC, 11/20/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 18, Two Palestinians armed with a meat cleaver and a gun killed 4 worshippers in a Jerusalem synagogue before being shot dead by police. Hours later a police officer died of his wounds. PM Netanyahu ordered authorities to destroy the homes of the attackers.
    (Reuters, 11/18/14)(AP, 11/18/14)(SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)   
2014        Nov 18, Saudi press reported that a court has found eight men guilty of involvement in a series of deadly attacks against foreigners in 2004, among them an assault that killed a BBC cameraman and paralyzed the news organization's correspondent.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, Spain’s parliament overwhelmingly approved a symbolic resolution that recognizes a Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 18, Sri Lanka's main party of Buddhist monks announced it was quitting President Mahinda Rajapakse's government in protest at his failure to loosen his grip on power before a re-election bid.
    (AFP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, A Syrian military airstrike killed at least 13 people, including children, and wounded another 20 in the northern province of Aleppo after striking a neighborhood with crude bombs. Kurds captured six IS-controlled buildings in Kobani and confiscated a large amount of weapons and ammunition.
    (AP, 11/18/14)(AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 18, Thailand's military-installed Cabinet approved a bill curbing public gatherings after years of political demonstrations led to violence and often paralyzed the country's capital.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, Thai Web radio host Kathawut Boonpitak was sentenced to five years in prison, in the first verdict by a military court in cases involving alleged defamation of the country's monarchy.
    (AP, 11/18/14)
2014        Nov 18, The UN General Assembly’s human rights committee approved a resolution that urges the Security Council to refer North Korea’s harsh human rights situation to the Int’l. Criminal Court.
    (SFC, 11/19/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 18, Venezuela’s Pres. Maduro used expiring decree powers to put in place 28 new measures, including a luxury tax, increased protection for young workers, and the establishment of new economic development zones.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 18, Jailed Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez said he will skip his own trial to draw attention to a United Nations request for his freedom. Lopez has been jailed since February for his role in the street demonstrations that shook the socialist country earlier this year.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 18, In Yemen a car bombing killed Sadeq Mansur, a leading member of the powerful Sunni Al-Islah party, whose supporters have been battling Shiite militias.
    (AFP, 11/18/14)

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